personal protective equipment helps you stay safe and healthy

personal protective equipment helps you stay safe and healthy
Personal Protective Equipment
Suitable personal protective equipment must be
provided and maintained by the employer, at no cost
to the worker, to protect against the risk of accident or
injury to health. Workers should be instructed on how
to correctly use the personal protective equipment
and know how to detect and report any faults.
The personal protective equipment must suit the user;
consider its size, fit and weight. Workers must make
proper use of the equipment; those who help chose
the equipment are more likely to use it.
All equipment must be maintained, kept clean and
stored in a safe place when not in use. When damaged
it must be replaced.
Information on the specific type of personal
protective equipment to use depends on the
result of risk assessments.
Head Protection
Normally they should be worn whenever a worker is on
site and always when they are in an area where work
is being undertaken overhead. These areas should be
clearly marked with safety signs.
Face And Eye Protection
Goggles, face screens, face shields or
other suitable devices should be used
when workers are likely to be exposed
to hazards that may result in injuries to
the eye or face.
For example when exposed to flying
particles or dust, chemicals, light or
other radiation and in particular during
welding, flame cutting, rock drilling.
Hearing Protection
Appropriate earmuffs or earplugs should be used when
working with or near noisy machinery or all the time
when working at a noisy part of the site.
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Safety helmets or hard hats should be used to protect
their head from injury due to falling or flying objects,
or from striking against structures.
CAUTION: If you have to shout to make yourself heard
by someone about 2 metres away it is likely you will
damage your hearing if you do not wear protection
even when exposed for short periods of time. Consider
if the source of noise or exposure time can be reduced.
Hand Protection
The type of gloves to use
depends on the hazards
generated by the work
activity; for example
use grip gloves when
handling stone, use
heavy duty gloves for
other operations, like steel-fixing.
Hand protection should normally be used when
operations involve:
• Contact with rough, sharp or jagged surfaces
• Contact with or splashes from hot, corrosive or toxic
substances such as bitumen and resins
• Working with vibrating machines such as
pneumatic drills to keep your hands
warm ensuring blood circulation
thus reducing the risk
of disease
Waterproof Clothing
Waterproof clothing and
head coverings should
be used when working
in adverse weather
conditions to keep
workers warm and dry.
Fall Prevention And Fall Arrest
Full body safety harnesses with independently secured
lanyards should to be used where protection against
falls cannot be provided by other appropriate means,
e.g. guard rails or to supplement them.
High Visibility Clothing
Reflective clothing or
other reflective devices
should be used when
there is exposure to
danger from moving
Fall prevention systems prevent workers getting into
positions where they can fall; requires harness coupled
to a lifeline/lanyard of a defined length attached to an
appropriate anchorage point.
Fall arrest systems do not prevent a fall but reduce the
distance a person can fall; they require a body harness,
energy absorber, a lanyard attached to an appropriate
anchorage point preferably above the worker.
Foot Protection
Safety footwear is used to mainly
protect against two types of
Respiratory Protection
• Sharp objects penetrating
through the sole of the shoe, such
as nails
• Falling objects crushing toes
The type of safety shoe or boot will depend on
the terrain and the nature of the work. The main
requirements are that they have a solid toe cap (to
protect against materials being dropped) and steel
midsoles (to protect against sharp objects penetrating
the sole) and provide good grip. Ankle support may
also be required. Waterproof footwear can conform to
these requirements as well as protecting the wearer
from coming into contact with liquids including
Whenever there is exposure to harmful substances
in the atmosphere respiratory protective equipment
should be worn. The type of equipment will be
dependent on the hazard, the worker and the working
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