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WhatsUpGold
v12
User Guide
Contents
CHAPTER 1 WhatsUp Gold Overview
Welcome to Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold v12 ............................................................................................................ 1
WhatsUp Gold editions............................................................................................................................................... 4
What's new in WhatsUp Gold v12........................................................................................................................... 5
Learning about the WhatsUp Gold new application features ......................................................... 6
Finding more information ......................................................................................................................................... 8
Sending feedback......................................................................................................................................................... 9
CHAPTER 2 Gathering and Viewing Network Data
Gathering network data ...........................................................................................................................................11
Viewing network data ...............................................................................................................................................12
CHAPTER 3 Installing and Configuring WhatsUp Gold
Installation overview .................................................................................................................................................13
System requirements ................................................................................................................................................14
Installation notes ........................................................................................................................................................15
Installing or upgrading .............................................................................................................................................15
Activating WhatsUp Gold for new or upgraded licenses .............................................................................18
About the Task Tray icon..........................................................................................................................................18
Configuring the database........................................................................................................................................19
About the SQL Server 2005 Express Database.....................................................................................19
Upgrading the database engine...............................................................................................................20
Upgrading the database schema .............................................................................................................20
Recovering from a "Version Mismatch" error.......................................................................................26
Using an alternative database setup.......................................................................................................26
About the Database Utilities ......................................................................................................................30
Configuring the web server ....................................................................................................................................33
Stopping and starting the internal web server ...................................................................................33
About the default SSL certificates ............................................................................................................34
Using IIS on Windows XP or Windows 2003.........................................................................................34
Using IIS on Windows Vista.........................................................................................................................37
Uninstalling Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold v12 ..........................................................................................................41
CHAPTER 4 Using Device Discovery
About Device Discovery ...........................................................................................................................................43
Using the Device Discovery wizard ......................................................................................................................43
About Device Discovery scan types .....................................................................................................................44
i
Using Device Discovery wizard SNMP SmartScan option............................................................................44
Example: discovering devices....................................................................................................................45
Adding a single device manually ..........................................................................................................................48
Example: manually adding a device to a device group....................................................................49
Example: clicking and dragging a device to a device group..........................................................51
About Active Discovery ............................................................................................................................................53
CHAPTER 5 Using the WhatsUp Gold Console
About the console ......................................................................................................................................................55
Organizing Devices, Device Groups, and Maps with drag-and-drop ......................................................57
About the Device View .............................................................................................................................................58
About device icons ........................................................................................................................................58
About the Map View..................................................................................................................................................59
Organizing device layout and views .......................................................................................................59
Adding annotations to a map....................................................................................................................60
About link lines ...............................................................................................................................................61
Using attached lines......................................................................................................................................62
CHAPTER 6 Using the WhatsUp Gold Web Interface
Accessing the web interface...................................................................................................................................63
About the WhatsUp Gold web interface ............................................................................................................64
About the GO menu......................................................................................................................................64
About the Home tab .....................................................................................................................................65
About the Devices tab..................................................................................................................................65
About the Reports tab ..................................................................................................................................67
CHAPTER 7 About Users
About user accounts..................................................................................................................................................69
Creating and modifying user accounts ..................................................................................................70
About user rights ........................................................................................................................................................72
About group access rights.......................................................................................................................................74
Enabling group access rights.....................................................................................................................76
Assigning group access rights...................................................................................................................76
Propagating group access rights to subgroups..................................................................................77
Determining the highest right ..................................................................................................................78
Understanding group access rights and user access right .............................................................78
About group access rights and users' home groups.........................................................................78
About group access rights and dynamic device groups..................................................................79
ii
CHAPTER 8 Managing Devices
Device overview..........................................................................................................................................................81
About the Device View .............................................................................................................................................82
Learning about the Device Properties ................................................................................................................83
About General Device Properties.............................................................................................................83
About Device Property Performance Monitors...................................................................................84
About Active Monitor Device Properties...............................................................................................85
About Passive Monitor Device Properties.............................................................................................86
About Device Property Actions.................................................................................................................87
About Device Property Credentials .........................................................................................................88
About Device Property Polling..................................................................................................................89
About Device Property Notes ....................................................................................................................90
About Device Property Menus ..................................................................................................................90
About Device Property Custom Links.....................................................................................................92
About Device Property Attributes............................................................................................................93
Adding a new device.................................................................................................................................................94
Adding additional network interfaces to a device .............................................................................94
Adding attributes to a device ....................................................................................................................96
Adding notes to a device.............................................................................................................................96
Changing a device IP address ....................................................................................................................97
Changing a device name.............................................................................................................................97
Selecting Device Types.............................................................................................................................................98
Configuring Device Types ...........................................................................................................................99
Changing Device Types ............................................................................................................................ 100
Using Acknowledgements ................................................................................................................................... 100
Editing multiple devices with Bulk Field Change......................................................................................... 101
Using Credentials..................................................................................................................................................... 103
Creating Custom Context menus ...................................................................................................................... 103
CHAPTER 9 Using Device Groups
About device groups.............................................................................................................................................. 105
Creating device groups............................................................................................................................. 106
About Dynamic Groups......................................................................................................................................... 107
Dynamic Group Examples........................................................................................................................ 109
Building Dynamic Groups..................................................................................................................................... 114
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CHAPTER 10 About Polling
Polling overview....................................................................................................................................................... 115
Changing how you poll devices............................................................................................................. 115
Using Maintenance mode........................................................................................................................ 116
Setting how often your devices are polled........................................................................................ 116
Stopping and starting polling ................................................................................................................ 116
Stopping and starting polling on a monitor ..................................................................................... 117
Dependencies overview........................................................................................................................................ 117
Reading dependencies.............................................................................................................................. 117
Setting Dependencies ............................................................................................................................... 119
Viewing Dependencies ............................................................................................................................. 123
IPX support................................................................................................................................................................. 123
CHAPTER 11 Using Actions
About actions............................................................................................................................................................ 125
About action strategies ......................................................................................................................................... 126
About the Action Library....................................................................................................................................... 127
About Web Alarms .................................................................................................................................................. 128
Configuring an action ............................................................................................................................................ 130
Creating a Beeper Action.......................................................................................................................... 130
Creating a Pager Action ............................................................................................................................ 132
Creating an Email Action .......................................................................................................................... 134
Creating an SMS Action ............................................................................................................................ 135
Creating an SMS Direct Action ............................................................................................................... 137
Creating a WinPopup Action................................................................................................................... 139
Creating a Syslog Action........................................................................................................................... 140
Creating a Text-to-Speech Action ......................................................................................................... 141
Creating a Program Action ...................................................................................................................... 142
Creating an Active Script Action............................................................................................................ 143
Creating a Web Alarm Action ................................................................................................................. 144
Creating a Service Restart Action .......................................................................................................... 145
Testing an action...................................................................................................................................................... 147
Deleting an action ................................................................................................................................................... 147
Assigning an action to a device.......................................................................................................................... 147
Creating a Blackout Period................................................................................................................................... 148
Percent Variables ..................................................................................................................................................... 148
About action policies.............................................................................................................................................. 152
Creating an action policy.......................................................................................................................... 152
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Editing Action Policies............................................................................................................................... 153
Implicit Action Policy ................................................................................................................................. 153
Example: getting an Email alert when the Web server fails......................................................... 154
CHAPTER 12 Using Active Monitors
Active monitors overview..................................................................................................................................... 157
About the Active Monitor Library ...................................................................................................................... 158
Supported Active Monitors ..................................................................................................................... 159
Assigning active monitors .................................................................................................................................... 160
Assigning an action to a monitor....................................................................................................................... 161
Deleting active monitors....................................................................................................................................... 163
Group and Device active monitor reports ...................................................................................................... 164
Example: monitoring network printer toner levels ..................................................................................... 164
Expression Editor ..................................................................................................................................................... 165
Script Syntax ................................................................................................................................................. 165
Script Syntax: Expect=Keyword ............................................................................................................. 166
Script Syntax: Flow Control Keywords................................................................................................. 167
Script Syntax: Send=Keyword................................................................................................................. 167
Script Syntax: SimpleExpect Keyword ................................................................................................. 168
Send to disconnect examples................................................................................................................. 170
Regular Expression syntax ....................................................................................................................... 170
Text string example.................................................................................................................................... 172
Using Telnet to determine "Expect on Connect" string ................................................................ 173
Using the Active Script Monitor ......................................................................................................................... 173
Using the Active Script Monitor context object............................................................................... 174
Examples: Active Script Monitor context code................................................................................. 177
Using premium monitors...................................................................................................................................... 187
Monitoring a Microsoft Exchange Server ........................................................................................... 187
Monitoring Microsoft SQL Server .......................................................................................................... 191
Monitoring WMI-enabled applications ............................................................................................... 196
Monitoring Mail Servers............................................................................................................................ 199
CHAPTER 13 Using Passive Monitors
About Passive Monitors......................................................................................................................................... 205
Assigning passive monitors ................................................................................................................................. 206
Configuring Passive Monitor Listeners ............................................................................................................ 207
About the Passive Monitor Library .................................................................................................................... 209
Group and device passive monitor reports.................................................................................................... 210
Receiving SNMP Traps ........................................................................................................................................... 210
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CHAPTER 14 Using Performance Monitors
Performance Monitor overview.......................................................................................................................... 213
About the Performance Monitor Library......................................................................................................... 214
Configuring and enabling Performance Monitors ...................................................................................... 215
Enabling SNMP on Windows devices ............................................................................................................... 218
Adding monitors to the Performance Monitor Library .............................................................................. 218
About performance reporting ............................................................................................................................ 223
Example: monitoring router bandwidth............................................................................................. 226
Example: troubleshooting a slow network connection ................................................................ 227
Scenario: ......................................................................................................................................................... 227
CHAPTER 15 Monitoring Performance Data in Real Time
About Real-Time Data features........................................................................................................................... 229
Using InstantInfo popups ..................................................................................................................................... 230
Disabling InstantInfo popups ................................................................................................................. 230
Using Network Tools to view real-time data.................................................................................................. 231
About the Web Task Manager ................................................................................................................ 231
About the Web Performance Monitor................................................................................................. 232
Using Split Second Graph Workspace Reports ............................................................................................. 233
Using the Performance Monitor workspace report ........................................................................ 233
Viewing Real-time Data in Full Reports ........................................................................................................... 234
CHAPTER 16 Using Active Discovery
About Active Discovery ......................................................................................................................................... 237
Configuring Active Discovery.............................................................................................................................. 238
Example: configuring Active Discovery............................................................................................... 238
Enabling and disabling an Active Discovery task......................................................................................... 240
Testing Active Discovery tasks............................................................................................................................ 241
CHAPTER 17 Using Maps
Using the Map View................................................................................................................................................ 243
About the Map View............................................................................................................................................... 244
Using map display options................................................................................................................................... 245
Using Arrange options........................................................................................................................................... 246
Organizing devices.................................................................................................................................................. 247
Using device types .................................................................................................................................................. 247
Using grid properties.............................................................................................................................................. 247
Grouping objects ..................................................................................................................................................... 248
vi
Using the lock position .......................................................................................................................................... 248
Mapping fonts........................................................................................................................................................... 248
Organizing devices.................................................................................................................................................. 248
Using link lines.......................................................................................................................................................... 249
Using attached lines................................................................................................................................... 250
Connecting links.......................................................................................................................................... 251
About unconnected links......................................................................................................................... 251
Showing unconnected links.................................................................................................................... 251
Creating connected link lines ................................................................................................................. 252
CHAPTER 18 Using the Program Options
Changing the date and time format ................................................................................................................. 253
Changing how long report data is stored....................................................................................................... 254
Changing the device state colors or icons...................................................................................................... 255
Changing clock/regional preferences.............................................................................................................. 256
CHAPTER 19 Using Full Reports
Learning about full reports .................................................................................................................................. 257
Advantages of full Reports....................................................................................................................... 258
About System Reports............................................................................................................................... 259
About Group Reports................................................................................................................................. 259
About Device Reports................................................................................................................................ 260
List of full reports ..................................................................................................................................................... 260
About report refresh intervals............................................................................................................................. 263
Printing, exporting, and saving full reports.................................................................................................... 264
Report column sizing and sorting ..................................................................................................................... 265
Changing the report date range ........................................................................................................................ 265
Adding report to your list of favorites.............................................................................................................. 266
Using Recurring Reports ....................................................................................................................................... 267
Configuring Recurring Reports .............................................................................................................. 267
Testing Recurring Reports........................................................................................................................ 268
CHAPTER 20 Understanding and Using Workspaces
Learning about workspaces................................................................................................................................. 269
About types of workspaces.................................................................................................................................. 270
About the Home Workspace................................................................................................................... 270
About the Device Status workspace .................................................................................................... 271
About the Top 10 workspace.................................................................................................................. 273
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Managing Workspace Views................................................................................................................................ 275
Navigating through workspace views ............................................................................................................. 278
About workspace content .................................................................................................................................... 278
Adding workspace reports to a workspace view ......................................................................................... 279
CHAPTER 21 Using Workspace Reports
Learning about workspace reports ................................................................................................................... 283
List of workspace reports...................................................................................................................................... 285
About the workspace report menu................................................................................................................... 297
Configuring a workspace report ........................................................................................................................ 298
Moving Workspace Reports within a workspace view............................................................................... 299
Device Group Mini Status workspace report ................................................................................................. 300
CHAPTER 22 Using SNMP Features
SNMP overview......................................................................................................................................................... 303
Monitoring an SNMP Service............................................................................................................................... 304
About the SNMP Agent or Manager ................................................................................................................. 304
About the SNMP Management Information Base (MIB) ............................................................................ 304
About SNMP Object Names and Identifiers ................................................................................................... 305
Using the SNMP MIB Manager ............................................................................................................................ 305
Using the SNMP MIB Manager to troubleshoot MIB files.......................................................................... 306
About the SNMP operations................................................................................................................................ 308
Using a custom name for SNMP device interfaces ...................................................................................... 309
Configuring a custom name (ifAlias) for an SNMP device interface ......................................... 309
About SNMP Security ............................................................................................................................................. 312
Using the Trap Definition Import Tool ............................................................................................................. 312
CHAPTER 23 Using Network Tools
About Network Tools ............................................................................................................................................. 315
Using the Ping tool.................................................................................................................................................. 316
Using the Traceroute tool..................................................................................................................................... 317
Using the Lookup tool ........................................................................................................................................... 318
Using the Telnet tool .............................................................................................................................................. 319
Using the SNMP MIB Walker ................................................................................................................................ 319
Using the SNMP MIB Explorer ............................................................................................................................. 322
Using the MAC Address Tool ............................................................................................................................... 323
Using the Diagnostic Tool .................................................................................................................................... 325
Using the Web Performance Monitor .............................................................................................................. 325
viii
Using the Web Task Manager.............................................................................................................................. 328
Using the Web Task Manager - Process tab....................................................................................... 329
Using the Web Task Manager - Performance tab ............................................................................ 332
Using the Web Task Manager - Interfaces tab .................................................................................. 335
Appendix A Using WhatsUp Gold Distributed and MSP Editions
About the WhatsUp Gold Distributed and MSP Edition............................................................................ 337
About the Distributed and MSP Edition reporting capabilities.................................................. 338
Installing Central and Remote Sites .................................................................................................................. 338
Step 1: Installing the WhatsUp Gold Central Site ............................................................................ 340
Step 2: Configuring the firewall for Remote Site connections.................................................... 343
Step 3: Installing the WhatsUp Gold Remote Site ........................................................................... 343
Step 4: Using Reports for WhatsUp Gold Distributed and MSP Edition .................................. 347
Advantages of full Reports....................................................................................................................... 359
Step 5: Using the Ipswitch Dashboard Screen Manager application ....................................... 360
Creating and modifying user accounts ............................................................................................... 362
Learning more about using the WhatsUp distributed solution ................................................. 364
Appendix B Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting your network........................................................................................................................... 367
Database Performance Tool ................................................................................................................................ 368
Task Tray Application fails on Windows Vista................................................................................................ 369
Connecting to a Remote Desktop ..................................................................................................................... 369
WhatsUp Gold engine message ......................................................................................................................... 369
Troubleshooting SNMP and WMI connections............................................................................................. 370
False negative returned from WMI monitors................................................................................................. 371
Re-enabling the Telnet protocol handler........................................................................................................ 371
Passive Monitor payload limitation................................................................................................................... 372
Restarting the WhatsUp Gold services from the command line ............................................................ 372
Recommended SMS modems and troubleshooting tips.......................................................................... 373
Appendix C About the Dashboard Screen Manager
Ipswitch Dashboard Screen Manager overview........................................................................................... 375
How does the Dashboard Screen Manager work? ...................................................................................... 376
What is a Dashboard playlist? ................................................................................................................. 376
Installing the Dashboard Screen Manager ..................................................................................................... 376
Opening the Dashboard Screen Manager ......................................................................................... 377
Configuring a Dashboard Screen Manager playlist..................................................................................... 378
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Appendix D Using the SNMP API
CoreAsp.SnmpRqst ................................................................................................................................................. 381
CoreAsp.ComResult ................................................................................................................................................ 384
CoreAsp.ComSnmpResponse ............................................................................................................................. 384
Example scripts using the SNMP API ................................................................................................................ 385
x
CHAPTER 1
WhatsUp Gold Overview
In This Chapter
Welcome to Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold v12 .....................................................1
WhatsUp Gold editions .......................................................................................4
What's new in WhatsUp Gold v12 ...................................................................5
Finding more information..................................................................................8
Sending feedback..................................................................................................9
Welcome to Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold v12
Welcome to Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold v12, the powerful network monitoring solution designed
to help you protect your changing business infrastructure. WhatsUp Gold provides standardsbased monitoring of any network device, service, or application on TCP/IP and Windows
networks.
WhatsUp Gold lets you discover devices on your network, initiate monitoring of those
devices, and execute actions based on device state changes, so you can identify network
failures before they become catastrophic.
Discovery and Mapping
The WhatsUp Gold wizard-based discovery process searches for devices on your network and
lets you decide which devices to monitor. You can view monitored devices as a list of devices
or as a graphical map.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Polling/Listening
WhatsUp Gold actively polls devices to determine their statuses. You can use pre-configured
active monitors, or create your own, to poll services on a device and to passively listen for
messages sent across the network. Performance monitors track device performance by
checking and reporting on device resources, such as disk, CPU, and interfaces.
Actions/Alerts
Depending on the responses received from polling, or the types of messages received,
WhatsUp Gold fires actions to notify you of any change on your network. Actions help with
problem resolution through options such as alerting via email or cell phone, or restarting a
service.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Reporting and Workspaces
Reports ensure 360° visibility into current status, performance, and historical data for devices
and monitors. Workspaces let you focus on segments of the network and create your own
views into the report data. These views provide crucial network data in one location, which
allows for quick and easy access. WhatsUp Gold offers more than 100 summary reports, or
workspace reports, that can be used to customize workspaces. Each user can have their own
customized workspace views.
WhatsUp Gold Interfaces
WhatsUp Gold offers two user interfaces, the Windows console interface and the web
interface, which offer similar functionality. We recommend that you do the initial set up—
discovery and mapping—on the console, then use the web interface for additional setup of
monitors and workspaces, users and permissions, and for day-to-day monitoring.
ƒ
Windows console interface. The WhatsUp Gold console is a Windows application,
through which you can configure and manage WhatsUp Gold and its database.
ƒ
Web interface. The web interface provides access to WhatsUp Gold functionality (via
HTTP or HTTPS) from a web browser.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
WhatsUp Gold editions
WhatsUp Gold is available in four editions. Each edition tailors the features of WhatsUp Gold
to meet the diverse needs of WhatsUp Gold users, from small networks to those spanning
multiple geographic locations.
ƒ
WhatsUp Gold Standard Edition provides core network management features.
ƒ
WhatsUp Gold Premium Edition provides all of the network monitoring capabilities of
WhatsUp Gold Standard Edition, plus advanced monitoring for Microsoft® Exchange™,
Microsoft® SQL Server™, and SMTP email servers. Premium Edition also includes several
features that let you monitor performance data in real time, as well as support for
application monitoring using Microsoft's WMI™.
ƒ
WhatsUp Gold MSP Edition gives managed solution providers the ability to use all of
the features of WhatsUp Gold Premium Edition to monitor their customers' remote
networks from a central location in the managed solution provider's network operations
center. Managing multiple companies' networks at once has never been easier.
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WhatsUp Gold Distributed Edition extends the features of WhatsUp Gold Premium
Edition to companies whose networks are segmented across multiple geographic
locations. WhatsUp Gold Distributed Edition can detect issues at any of the company's
sites and can then report the issue to the effected site and to a central location.
Each edition includes a different set of features. The table below shows which features are
available in each edition. If a feature is not shown in the table, it is available in all editions.
Standard Premium MSP
Distributed
Edition
Edition
Edition Edition
Application Management
Monitor Microsoft Exchange
Monitor SQL Server
Monitor applications via WMI
Monitor Email servers
Real-time Monitoring
View real-time data about devices in reports
Quickly access real-time data via InstantInfo
popups
Monitor performance data with the Web
Performance Monitor
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Standard Premium MSP
Distributed
Edition
Edition
Edition Edition
View real-time information about tasks running on
a device using the Web Task Manager
Distributed Monitoring
Monitor devices on networks segmented across
multiple geographic locations
View report data from multiple remote sites from
one central location
What's new in WhatsUp Gold v12
Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold v12 introduces a number of new features and enhancements that
help you manage your network more efficiently than ever. One of the major features, Split
Second Graphics (SSG), adds real-time graphs to provide instant feedback about network
device performance. This SSG feature, coupled with the existing WhatsUp Gold performance
reporting, provides a new level of network device performance intelligence to the already
powerful historical performance data reporting capabilities in WhatsUp Gold.
New in WhatsUp Gold Standard, Premium, Distributed, and MSP
Editions
ƒ
High Capacity SNMP interfaces - added support for high capacity SNMP interface
counters through the Interface Performance Monitor.
ƒ
NetSNMP MIB - Unix performance monitoring with NetSNMP agents.
ƒ
Custom names for SNMP interfaces - SNMP interfaces can be configured with unique
identifiers.
ƒ
Cisco MIB support - includes support for over 200 Cisco MIBs for monitoring Cisco
equipment and services.
ƒ
SNMP MIB Walker - new web-based network tool allows you to browse for SNMP objects
that a device supports.
ƒ
SNMP MIB Explorer - new web-based network tool allows you to browse for SNMP
objects defined in MIB files.
ƒ
SNMP MIB Manager - new web-based network tool for the import and validation of MIB
files.
ƒ
Improved SNMP API - supports enhanced scripting capabilities with both Script Action
and Active Script Monitor.
ƒ
Email Actions - now supports SMTP authentication.
ƒ
SMS Direct - extended Short Message Service (SMS) support for SMS Direct.
ƒ
Drag-and-Drop Management - enhanced drag-and-drop capability to include device,
group, and map management on the web interface.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
ƒ
Upgraded Database Engine - MSDE 2000 database has been upgraded to Microsoft SQL
Server 2005 Express.
ƒ
Passive Monitors - have been enhanced to use device credentials stored in the
Credentials Library.
ƒ
Windows Vista support - Windows Vista Ultimate or Windows Vista Business (Windows
Vista SP1 recommended) both as a WMI monitored OS and as monitoring workstation.
ƒ
New licensing technology - requires users to enter a serial number to activate all of the
WhatsUp Gold products.
New in WhatsUp Gold Premium, Distributed, and MSP Editions
ƒ
InstantInfo - provides instantaneous access to real-time performance data in enabled
reports.
ƒ
Split Second Graphs - provides real-time graphical data in performance workspace and
full reports, the Web Task Manager, and the Web Performance Monitor.
ƒ
Web Performance Monitor - new web-based network tool that provides insight into
processes running on a device or system.
ƒ
Web Task Manager - new web-based network tool that provides network device
overview information about processes that use SNMP or WMI device connections.
ƒ
Email Monitor - innovative monitor that uses SNMP, POP3, or IMAP by sending emails to
servers, with support for encryption and SMTP authentication.
ƒ
Dashboard Screen Manager - a stand-alone application designed to display a series of
Web pages, or a "playlist," on one or multiple monitors.
Learning about the WhatsUp Gold new application features
The matrix below highlights new features that are available in each edition of
WhatsUp Gold v12:
New WhatsUp Gold v12 Features
Standard
Edition
Premium
Edition
MSP
Edition
Distributed
Edition
SSG (Real-time data)
Support for instant access to real-time data via
InstantInfo popups
Web Performance Monitor network tool which
creates Split Second Graphs for use in the
Performance Monitor workspace report
Web Task Manager troubleshooting network tool
Support for Split Second Graphs that provide realtime graphical data in performance workspace
and full reports, the Web Task Manager, and the
Web Performance Monitor
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
SNMP
Support for high capacity SNMP interface
counters through the Interface Performance
Monitor
Support for NetSNMP agents for UNIX CPU
utilization
Support for configurable interface name for SNMP
interfaces
Includes select Cisco MIBs for use in WhatsUp
Gold
SNMP MIB Walker network tool which allows you
to browse for SNMP objects on a device
SNMP MIB File Explorer network tool which allows
you to browse for SNMP objects in defined MIB
files
SNMP MIB Manager network tool which allows
you to import and validate MIB files
Includes SNMP COM API improvements for
enhanced scripting capabilities with the Script
Action and Active Script Monitor
Email
Email Monitor with support for encryption and
SMTP authentication
Support for SMTP authentication for email actions
SMS
Extended Short Message Service (SMS) support for
SMS Direct
Drag-and-Drop
Added support for drag-and-drop device, group,
and map management on the web interface
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
SQL Server 2005 Express Database
Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express Database
Passive Monitors
Added support for Passive Monitors to use device
credentials in the Credentials Library
Other Features
Added the Dashboard application
Added support for Windows Vista
Added new licensing technology
Finding more information
Following are information resources for WhatsUp Gold. This information may be periodically
updated and available on the WhatsUp Gold Web site
(http://www.whatsupgold.com/support/index.asp).
ƒ
Release Notes. The release notes provide an overview of changes, known issues, and bug
fixes for the current release. The notes also contain instructions for installing, upgrading,
and configuring WhatsUp Gold. The release notes are available at Start > Programs >
Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold > Release Notes or on the WhatsUp Gold web site
(http://www.ipswitch.com/WUG120relnotes).
ƒ
Application Help for the console. The console help contains dialog assistance, general
configuration information, and how-to's that explain how to use the features. The Table of
Contents is organized by functional area, and can be accessed from the main menu or by
clicking Help.
ƒ
Application Help for the web interface. The web interface help contains dialog
assistance, how-to's that explain how to use features, table of contents, index, and search.
Click the ? icon to access the Help.
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Getting Started Guide. This guide provides an overview of WhatsUp Gold, information
to help you get started using the application, the system requirements, and information
about installing and upgrading. The Getting Started Guide is available on the WhatsUp
Gold web site (http://www.ipswitch.com/WUG120GSG).
ƒ
New Features Guide. This guide provides information about the new features in Ipswitch
WhatsUp Gold v12. This guide is available on the WhatsUp Gold web site
(http://www.ipswitch.com/wug120fbg).
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
ƒ
User Guide. This guide describes how to use the application out-of-the-box. It is also
useful if you want to read about the application before installing. To view or download
the User Guide, select Help > WhatsUp Gold User Guide or download it from the
WhatsUp Gold web site (http://www.ipswitch.com/WUG120ug).
ƒ
WhatsUp Gold Distributed Edition Deployment Guide. This guide provides
instructions on how to plan and deploy the WhatsUp Gold Distributed Edition. This guide
is available on the WhatsUp Gold web site (http://www.ipswitch.com/WUG12dsdg).
ƒ
WhatsUp Gold MSP Edition Deployment Guide. This guide provides instructions on
how to plan and deploy the WhatsUp Gold MSP Edition. This guide is available on the
WhatsUp Gold web site (http://www.ipswitch.com/WUG12mspdg).
ƒ
Translation Guide. This guide describes how to use the translation features to create a
localized version of the WhatsUp Gold web interface. This guide is available on the
WhatsUp Gold web site (http://www.ipswitch.com/WUG12Trans).
ƒ
Licensing Information. Licensing and support information is available on the
myipswitch.com web portal (http://www.myipswitch.com/). The web portal provides
enhanced web-based capabilities to view and manage Ipswitch product licenses.
ƒ
User Forum. Use the online user group forums to interact with other WhatsUp Gold users
to share helpful information about the application. The User Forums are available on the
WhatsUp Gold web site (http://forums.ipswitch.com/).
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Knowledge Base. Search the Ipswitch Knowledge Base of technical support and
customer service information. The knowledge base is available on the WhatsUp Gold web
site (http://support.ipswitch.com/kb/).
Sending feedback
We value your opinions on our products and welcome your feedback.
To provide feedback on existing features, suggest new features or enhancements, or suggest
ways to make our products easier to use, please fill out our product feedback form
(http://www.ipswitch.com/company/prodfeedback.asp).
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
10
CHAPTER 2
Gathering and Viewing Network Data
In This Chapter
Gathering network data................................................................................... 11
Viewing network data....................................................................................... 12
Gathering network data
There are a few things you need to do before WhatsUp Gold can gather the data you need
about the devices on your network.
1. Install the software
First, you need to install your edition of WhatsUp Gold. The User Guide gives step-by-step
instructions on how to install each of the four editions of WhatsUp Gold:
ƒ
WhatsUp Gold Standard Edition (on page 15)
ƒ
WhatsUp Gold Premium Edition (on page 15)
ƒ
WhatsUp Gold MSP Edition (on page 338)
ƒ
WhatsUp Gold Distributed Edition (on page 338)
2. Discover devices
After you have installed WhatsUp Gold, you need to discover devices on your network for the
application to monitor. The Device Discovery Wizard allows to choose which devices to add
to the database for monitoring.
3. Configure your network
In WhatsUp Gold, devices are organized through device groups. By default, all of the devices
on your network are placed into a Dynamic Group named All devices. Additionally, each time
you discover devices a new device group is created containing the devices found in the scan
that you choose to monitor. You can create as many Dynamic and non-Dynamic groups as
you want to organize your network in a way that is meaningful to you and your monitoring
needs.
4. Configure monitors
WhatsUp Gold comes with several default monitors, but you will need to configure new
monitors to gather the specific types of information you seek about your network. There are
three types of monitors in WhatsUp Gold:
11
Using WhatsUp Gold v12
ƒ
Active monitors (on page 157)
ƒ
Passive monitors (on page 205)
ƒ
Performance monitors (on page 213)
Each of the monitor types gathers a different type of information, so you may use each type
of monitor. Before creating monitors, you should figure out what type of network information
you need, and configure monitors to gather that specific data.
Viewing network data
After you have configured your network and the appropriate monitors, you can begin
viewing the information WhatsUp Gold is gathering for you. There are several ways to view
network data with WhatsUp Gold.
1. Device and Map Views
While Device and Map Views are good for viewing device information or the location of a
device, they are also useful for viewing the current status of network devices. Devices on both
are displayed with device state icons that show the status for devices at the time of the last
poll. The Device and Map Views are viewable on both the WhatsUp Gold console and web
interface.
2. Workspace views and reports
WhatsUp Gold's workspace views let you organize various workspace reports by the type of
information they display or by devices and device groups. Workspace views and reports are
viewable from the WhatsUp Gold web interface.
3. Full reports
In WhatsUp Gold, reports are used to troubleshoot and monitor performance and historical
data that has been collected during the operation of the application. Reports are viewed from
the WhatsUp Gold Reports tab and can be sent on a regular basis to an email address you
identify through the Recurring Report feature.
12
CHAPTER 3
Installing and Configuring
WhatsUp Gold
In This Chapter
Installation overview ......................................................................................... 13
System requirements ........................................................................................ 14
Installation notes ................................................................................................ 15
Installing or upgrading..................................................................................... 15
Activating WhatsUp Gold for new or upgraded licenses..................... 18
About the Task Tray icon ................................................................................. 18
Configuring the database................................................................................ 19
Configuring the web server............................................................................ 33
Uninstalling Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold v12 .................................................. 41
Installation overview
Installing Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold v12 or WhatsUp Gold Premium Edition v12 is
straightforward, though the Release Notes are required reading due to possible Service Pack
and database issues.
The path you take to a successful installation may differ, depending on the following:
First-time install
If you are installing Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold v12 or WhatsUp Gold Premium Edition v12 for the
first time, the installation program does the following with no actions required of you.
ƒ
Installs the database server: Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express (SSE).
ƒ
Creates a WhatsUp database in the SSE instance.
ƒ
Creates a system Data Source Name (DSN), which tells WhatsUp Gold where to find the
WhatsUp database.
ƒ
Installs the WhatsUp Gold Edition application.
Read the System requirements, then follow the steps in Installing or upgrading.
13
Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Upgrade Notes
If you are upgrading from a previous version of WhatsUp Gold, the installation program
detects an existing WhatsUp database and configures the new version to use that database,
provided the following conditions are met:
ƒ
SQL Server 2005 Express is installed on the computer on which you are installing
WhatsUp Gold.
ƒ
The WhatsUp database exists on the database server.
ƒ
A DSN is configured for the WhatsUp database.
If these conditions are not met, the installation program will notify you and direct you to
perform a manual updgrade of the database.
Read the System requirements, then follow the steps in Installing or upgrading. If necessary,
configure the database manually. For more information, see Upgrading the database schema
(on page 20).
If you have an alternative database setup, after completing the WhatsUp Gold installation,
you'll need to upgrade the WhatsUp database. For more information, see Using an alternative
database setup (on page 26).
Custom Database
Though we recommend that you use the default database (SQL Server 2005 Express), if you
need to either use another database, or you need to run the database on another computer,
you can set it up manually after the WhatsUp Gold or WhatsUp Gold Premium Edition
installation has completed. For more information, see Using an alternative database setup (on
page 26).
System requirements
Minimum software requirements
ƒ
Windows XP Professional SP2 (or later), Windows 2003 Server SP1 (or later), Windows
Vista Ultimate, or Windows Vista Business (Windows Vista SP1 recommended).
ƒ
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 SP1 (or later) or Firefox 2.0 (or later)
ƒ
Microsoft .NET Framework v 2.0 or 2.0 SP1
ƒ
Microsoft Windows Scripting Host v5.6 or later
Windows Scripting Host is installed with the Windows operating system. To verify your
version, run cscript.exe at a command prompt.
If you need to update Windows Scripting Host, refer to the Microsoft Windows Scripting
Host site (http://www.ipswitch.com/wsh56).
ƒ
Internet connectivity for activation, connecting Central and Remote Sites, and running
the web interface.
14
Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Minimum hardware requirements
ƒ
Intel Pentium-compatible 2 GHz or faster
ƒ
1 GB memory (RAM) (2 GB RAM recommended)
ƒ
256 MB of drive space (up to 4 GB additional for SQL Server 2005 Express Edition database
and 7200 RPM drive recommended)
ƒ
Display resolution support for 1024 x 768 minimum; recommended display resolution is
1280 x 1024.
ƒ
CD-ROM drive
ƒ
Network Interface Card (NIC)
ƒ
Modem and phone line (for pager, SMS, or beeper actions; modem pooling is not
supported)
ƒ
GSM modem and active SIM card (for SMS Direct actions)
ƒ
SAPI v5.1 and supporting sound card for Text to Speech Actions; SAPI v5.1 can be
downloaded from the Microsoft Speech site
(http://www.microsoft.com/speech/speech2007/default.mspx).
Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express Edition (SSEE) requirements
ƒ
SSEE supports up to 4 GB database size and up to 1 GB RAM for the buffer pool. Ensure
sufficient disk capacity is available for data storage.
Note: SSEE supports one CPU. In computers with multiple CPUs, SSEE utilizes only one
processor.
Installation notes
Read the Release Notes for information about potential installation issues, such as the
following:
ƒ
Windows XP (SP2) Errors. This Service Pack enables firewall settings that can interfere
with Microsoft SQL Server’s ability to listen on the network.
Installing or upgrading
The installation program is similar whether you are installing WhatsUp Gold for the first time
or upgrading a previous installation. Steps that apply only to a first-time installation, or only
to an upgrade, are identified as such.
15
Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Note: These installation instructions are intended for WhatsUp Gold Standard Edition and
WhatsUp Gold Premium Edition. For installation instructions for WhatsUp Gold Distributed
Edition, see the WhatsUp Gold Distributed Edition Deployment Guide
(http://www.ipswitch.com/WUG12dsdg). For installation instructions for WhatsUp Gold MSP
Edition, see the WhatsUp Gold MSP Edition Deployment Guide
(http://www.ipswitch.com/WUG12mspdg).
To install or upgrade WhatsUp Gold:
1 Log in directly to Microsoft Windows using the Administrator account (or, if you do not
have an account called Administrator, use an account that has full administrative
privileges to the computer). Do not use Terminal Services or Remote Desktop to install
WhatsUp Gold.
Note: When installing on Windows Vista, additional steps are necessary for the Task Tray
application to work properly. For more information, see Task Tray Application fails on
Windows Vista (on page 368).
2
Start the installation program:
ƒ
If you purchased a WhatsUp Gold CD-ROM, insert the CD-ROM into the appropriate
drive. If it does not run automatically, click Start, select Run, then enter the CD path
followed by AutoRun.exe For example: D:\AutoRun.exe
ƒ
3
If you downloaded WhatsUp Gold Standard Edition or WhatsUp Gold Premium Edition
from our Web site, run the downloaded installation application.
Read the Welcome screen.
The Welcome screen recommends that you disable any running antivirus software,
estimates how long it takes to install the application, and displays a button that, when
clicked, displays the release notes.
Click Next to continue. The License Agreement dialog opens.
4 Read the license agreement. Select the appropriate option, then click Next.
5 For first-time installation only: Select the install directories for SQL Server 2005
Express Edition. The application and data files will be installed in default directories. If
you want to change the locations, click the browse buttons to find and select a different
directory.
Note: If you want to customize your database setup, you need to first complete the
installation using Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express Edition. After installation completes,
you can manually configure your database as described in Using alternative database setups
(on page 26).
Important: Make sure that you have a large capacity drive selected for data storage. Data
files can grow up to 4 GB.
16
Using WhatsUp Gold v12
The application and data files will be installed in default directories. If you want to change
the locations, click the browse buttons to find and select a different directory.
Click Next.
Note: The SQL Server 2005 Express Edition installation may take several minutes.
6
For new installation only: Select the installation directory for the WhatsUp Gold
application files.
The default path is C:\Program Files\Ipswitch\WhatsUp. We recommend that you
use the default path. Some users prefer to put application files on a partition separate
from the operating system, which is usually installed on the C: drive, to isolate the
application from an operating system crash.
7 For upgrade installation only: Choose whether to backup your current WhatsUp Gold
database. We strongly suggest that you do this.
8 For upgrade installation only: Choose how to handle existing Web and Report files.
If you have previously installed WhatsUp Gold, you may already have Web and Report
files stored in your installation directory. You can choose to either delete them or back
them up during the install. Backup is recommended.
9 If a sound card is installed and it has SAPI-compatible drivers, the install program asks
whether you want to install Text to Speech capabilities. If you select No, you can always
return and install Text to Speech at a later date.
10 For new installation only: Choose whether to enable the web server during install and
enter a port for this installation. The default port is Port 80.
Note: This dialog will not be displayed during an upgrade if you have already enabled the
WhatsUp web server in an older version of WhatsUp.
11 Click Install to install the WhatsUp Gold application files. The installation program gives
you the option to go back and change options or cancel prior to completing the
installation.
Important: When you use an alternative database setup, you will need to run the database
upgrade scripts when installing a new release of WhatsUp Gold. The installation program will
warn you if it detects a non-default database. For information on running the upgrade
scripts, see Upgrading the database schema (on page 20).
12 Make your selections, then click Finish.
After the application starts, the Discover Devices wizard appears. This wizard is used to set
options on how to discover your network. Follow the wizard dialogs or if you choose to
postpone these steps, click the Cancel.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Activating WhatsUp Gold for new or
upgraded licenses
If WhatsUp Gold is installed using the installation application downloaded from the Web link
provided in the purchase confirmation email, the program is fully functional immediately
after installation.
If the WhatsUp Gold v12 license is not automatically activated during the installation or if you
are upgrading from a previous WhatsUp Gold version, you can manually activate WhatsUp
Gold using the activation program in the WhatsUp Gold group of the Windows Start menu.
Important: Make sure that you activate WhatsUp Gold before starting the application. The
WhatsUp Gold polling engine will be turned off and a message tells you that the license has
expired. The application is not functional until after it has been activated.
To activate WhatsUp Gold manually:
Note: Before you start the manual activation process, make sure that you have your product
serial number available to use in the activation program.
1
Click Start > Programs > Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold > Manage WhatsUp Gold License.
The activation program appears.
- or If you run the WhatsUp Gold console at the end of the installation, it displays an Invalid
License dialog. Click the Purchase/Unlock to start the license activation process.
2 Follow the onscreen instructions to complete the product activation.
Note: When the activation is complete, a confirmation page indicates the license has been
activated. If the activation does not complete successfully, you may be behind a proxy or
firewall that is blocking the activation request. In this case, click the Offline button, then
follow the onscreen instructions.
For more help and information about licensing, go to the Ipswitch licensing portal
(http://www.myipswitch.com/).
About the Task Tray icon
WhatsUp Gold installs a task bar icon on your computer. This icon is constantly running, and
alerts you to the status of the application as a whole.
18
Using WhatsUp Gold v12
WhatsUp Gold Icons
During normal operation, the WhatsUp Gold icon displays the worst state of all devices on
your map. In addition, you can enable tooltips to have the icon display any state change that
occurs on the system. To do this, right-click on the icon and select or clear Enable Tooltips.
When the WhatsUp Gold polling engine is not running (the service is stopped) this icon
appears:
If this is the case, you need to restart the Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold Engine service. If the polling
engine is not running, then WhatsUp Gold is not connected to the database, and nothing in
the application will function properly.
To turn off the Task Tray Application and icon, right-click on the icon and select Close Task
Tray Application.
Configuring the database
WhatsUp Gold requires a database to store information about the devices it monitors. By
default, WhatsUp Gold installs and configures SQL Server 2005 Express Edition to use as its
data store. WhatsUp Gold also supports using Microsoft SQL Server 2005 installed either on
the same computer as WhatsUp Gold or on a separate computer.
If you want to use SQL Server 2005 installation to host the WhatsUp Gold database, you must
complete the WhatsUp Gold installation and then migrate the WhatsUp database to your SQL
instance.
About the SQL Server 2005 Express Database
The WhatsUp Gold installation program installs the SQL Server Express Edition (SSEE)
database server and configures the WhatsUp database. SSEE provides several benefits over
Microsoft SQL Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000), which was used by previous versions of
WhatsUp Gold.
SSEE provides the following benefits over MSDE 2000:
ƒ
Doubles database size limit from 2 GB to 4 GB.
ƒ
Removes workload governor, greatly improving database performance.
ƒ
Supports Microsoft Windows Vista.
ƒ
Support for SQL Server 2005 as a database.
For more information, see the Microsoft SQL Server Express Web site
(http://www.microsoft.com/sql/editions/express/default.mspx).
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Upgrading the database engine
New features in Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold v12 mandate an update of the original database
engine from Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Desktop Engine to SQL Server 2005 Express Edition.
The WhatsUp Gold installation program will automatically upgrade the database engine,
provided the database is in the default configuration. A default configuration is one that
meets the following conditions:
ƒ
Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000) is installed on the same
computer on which you are installing WhatsUp Gold.
ƒ
The instance name for the MSDE 2000 installation is WhatsUp.
ƒ
A WhatsUp database instance exists in this MSDE 2000 instance.
ƒ
A DSN named WhatsUp is configured to point to the WhatsUp database in this MSDE
2000 instance.
All other configurations are considered non-default configurations. The WhatsUp Gold
installation program will notify you, during the installation, if you have a non-default
configuration. This will necessitate a manual upgrade of the database schema before the
WhatsUp Gold application will function correctly. If you prefer, you may also upgrade your
database engine to SQL Server 2005 before upgrading the database schema.
Warning: An SQL Server 2005 Express Edition database cannot be imported to Microsoft SQL
Server 2000. You may continue to use Microsoft SQL Server 2000 as your database engine,
but only if you were already using it before upgrading to WhatsUp Gold v12. Beginning with
WhatsUp Gold v12, users that want to move from the SQL Server 2005 Express Edition
Database Engine must migrate to Microsoft SQL Server 2005. For more information, see Using
an alternative database setup (on page 26).
Upgrading the database schema
Changes to the WhatsUp Gold v12 application require the database schema to be upgraded.
If you are running a default database configuration, the WhatsUp Gold v12 upgrade
automatically upgrades your database schema for you. If not, you must manually upgrade
your database schema after installing WhatsUp Gold v12 before you can use the application.
You must first complete the WhatsUp Gold installation, then upgrade the database schema.
This section steps through how to upgrade the database schema for an installation of
WhatsUp Gold that is a non-default configuration.
To upgrade the database from WhatsUp Gold v11.x or WhatsUp Professional 2006:
1 Make a backup of your WhatsUp database.
Warning: Ipswitch Technical Support may not be able to recover your network data from a
database which has failed an upgrade attempt. It is imperative to make a backup copy of the
database, in case any portion of the database schema upgrade encounters a problem.
2
Copy the <WUG_Install_Folder>\DB Scripts folder to the computer running the
SQL Server that hosts the WhatsUp database.
20
Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Important: You must copy the entire DB Scripts folder to the computer running the SQL
Server. This includes any files and sub-directories it may contain.
3
Make note of the fully qualified path to the DB Scripts directory, it may be required in
the steps that follow.
4 Run the upgrade scripts, either by running the Visual Basic (VB) script which
automatically runs each script in sequence or by running each script individually using
the SQL Management tools.
Warning: The upgrade scripts should be run only once. If an upgrade script is interrupted or
errors occur, you must restore your database before running the scripts a second time.
Important: Before running the scripts, close the WhatsUp Gold application; then, stop the
Ipswitch WhatsUp Engine and the Ipswitch Web Server service, for more information see
Stopping and starting the Ipswitch WhatsUp Engine and Stopping and starting the internal web
server in the Help. If you are running IIS as your web server, stop IIS, then restart it.
To upgrade the database automatically using the VB Script:
1 On the computer on which the SQL server hosting the WhatsUp database is installed,
open the command prompt window, then go to the location where you copied the
<WUG_Install_Folder>\DB Scripts directory. Navigate to the Upgrade Scripts
directory inside it.
Warning: The VB script must be executed locally on the SQL Server. If SQL Server is installed
on another computer, attempting to run the VB script from the WhatsUp computer will
cause the database upgrade to fail.
Note: If running the VB script on a Windows Vista computer, be sure to run the command
prompt with administrative privileges. For more information, see the Microsoft Command
Prompt FAQ article (http://windowshelp.microsoft.com/Windows/en-US/help/81242f3c-c9bf442c-a49d-e18b02f72e691033.mspx).
2
Execute the VB script using the following case-sensitive command:
cscript upgrade_db.vbs -S "<sql_server_name>" -d "WhatsUp"
Replace <sql_server_name> with the machine name or machine name and database
instance name.
For example:
If you have a default instance of SQL installed on a computer named SQLBOX:
cscript upgrade_db.vbs -S "SQLBOX" -d "WhatsUp"
If you have a named instance of SQL installed on a computer named SQLSYSTEM and the
instance name is WUG:
cscript upgrade_db.vbs -S "SQLSYSTEM\WUG" -d "WhatsUp"
For assistance in determining whether your SQL instance is a default or named instance,
please contact your database administrator.
Note: Arguments are case-sensitive (-d is not the same as -D).
21
Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Tip: Optional: If you prefer to use SQL authentication to execute the VB script, you can use
the -U and -P switches to provide an SQL user and that user's password.
cscript upgrade_db.vbs -S "<sql_server_name>" -d "WhatsUp" -U
"<sql_user_name>" -P "<sql_password>"
Replace <sql_user_name> with the SQL username and <sql_password> with that
user's password.
For example:
cscript upgrade_db.vbs -S "SQLSERVER" -d "WhatsUp" -U "sa" -P
"WhatsUp_Gold"
The VB script will execute the appropriate upgrade scripts, based on the existing
WhatsUp Gold database schema. As each upgrade script is executed, a log file is created
in the DB Scripts\Upgrade Scripts directory. If errors occur during the execution of
an upgrade script, the corresponding log file for the script will be displayed in a Notepad
window.
3 After the database upgrade is complete, start the Ipswitch services (Ipswitch Web
Server$WhatsUp and Ipswitch WhatsUp Engine) and run the WhatsUp Gold
application normally. If you are running IIS as your web server, stop IIS, then restart it.
Note: We recommend that you make a backup of your SQL database after the upgrade has
completed. This will be useful for any disaster recovery mechanisms in place at your
company.
To manually run the upgrade scripts:
The alternative to using the VB script is to manually execute the upgrade scripts using Query
Analyzer (SQL 2000), SQL Management Studio (SQL 2005), or the SQL command-line utilities
(osql.exe or sqlcmd.exe). If you need assistance using the management tools for SQL 2000
or SQL 2005, contact your database administrator or consult the online documentation for
each tool.
Important: Be sure to run all of the queries, in the instructions below, against the WhatsUp
database.
Using Query Analyzer (SQL 2000) and Management Studio
(SQL 2005):
1
Determine your current database version by executing the following query against the
WhatsUp database. The value returned should be a six digit number.
SELECT sValue FROM DatabaseProperty WHERE sName = N'Version'
2 Using a text-editor of your choice, open the Transform.ini file located in the DB
Scripts\Transforms directory. In the [VERSIONS] section, locate the version that
matches the version of your database.
For example, database version 110302 corresponds to transform version 39. Make a note
of the transform version, which we will refer to as the "starting transform version."
3 Find the [SCRIPTS] section in Transform.ini file. Make note of all the Transform
entries which appear after your starting transform version.
22
Using WhatsUp Gold v12
For example, if your starting transform version is 39, the first upgrade script you need to
run is transform 40 (upgrade_from_110302_to_120001.sql) and the last is
FinalUpgradeScript.sql.
4 Open each upgrade script needed to complete your schema upgrade in a text editor of
your choice. Replace every occurrence of the <DATAFILESPATH> variable with the
absolute path to the DB Scripts directory. Some scripts may have several
<DATAFILESPATH> variables that need replacement, some scripts may have none.
Note: Be sure to exclude any trailing slashes from the directory path when replacing the text.
For example, in an upgrade script, we see the following text:
BULK INSERT WorkspaceReport FROM
'<DATAFILESPATH>\WorkspaceReport.txt'
If we copied the DB Scripts directory to a WUG directory at the root of the C drive on
the SQL Server, we would change it to the following:
BULK INSERT WorkspaceReport FROM 'C:\WUG\DB
Scripts\WorkspaceReport.txt'
Important: The path you replace the <DATAFILESPATH> variable with must be local to the
SQL Server hosting the WhatsUp database. It must be a directory on a local drive, not a
network share or mapped drive. If you are running Query Analyzer Management Studio from
another computer, be sure to use the path that would be "seen" by the SQL Server, not your
remote computer.
5
6
Save each updated file.
Run each upgrade script using Query Analyzer or Management Studio. The script should
be run in the order specified in Transform.ini. Check for any errors or warnings
returned by the SQL tool before continuing to the next upgrade script. If any script
should fail, restore your database backup and repeat any previously successful upgrade
scripts before attempting to run the failing script again.
Warning: Do not stop the script upgrade process before it has completed. Stopping the
process before it is complete will corrupt the database. The time to complete the upgrade
process will vary. It is possible that it could take several hours, depending on the database
size. A message will display at the end of the process to confirm that the database upgrade
process is finished.
7
After the last upgrade script is complete, you may start the Ipswitch services (Ipswitch
Web Server$WhatsUp and Ipswitch WhatsUp Engine) and run the WhatsUp Gold
application normally. If you are running IIS as your web server, stop IIS, then restart it.
Tip: Optional: We recommend making another backup of your SQL database once the
upgrade has completed. This will be useful for any disaster recovery mechanisms in place at
your organization.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Using the osql utility (SQL 2000) and the sqlcmd utility (SQL 2005):
An alternative to using the Query Analyzer or Management Studio tools is using the SQL
command-line tools to execute the upgrade scripts. If your database is SQL 2000, use the osql
utility. If you are running SQL 2005, you should use the sqlcmd utility. For more information,
see the Microsoft web site for information about the osql utility
(http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa214012(SQL.80).aspx) and the sqlcmd utility
(http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms162773.aspx).
Each utility needs connection and authentication information specific to your environment in
order to connect to the WhatsUp database and issue queries and schema updates. Your
specific connection and authentication information may vary from the examples below.
Contact your database administrator for information about using these command-line
utilities. These examples assume that that Windows user running the utility has
administrative access to the DB, and that the SQL Server is a default instance on a computer
named SQLSYSTEM.
1
Determine your current database version by executing the following case-sensitive
query against the WhatsUp database. The value returned should be a six-digit number.
SQL 2000 (osql):
osql -E -S "SQLSYSTEM" -d "WhatsUp" -Q "SET NOCOUNT ON SELECT sValue
FROM DatabaseProperty WHERE sName = N'Version'"
SQL 2005 (sqlcmd):
sqlcmd -E -S "SQLSYSTEM" -d "WhatsUp" -Q "SET NOCOUNT ON SELECT
sValue FROM DatabaseProperty WHERE sName = N'Version'"
Note: Arguments are case-sensitive (-d is not the same as -D).
2
Using a text-editor of your choice, open the Transform.ini file located in the DB
Scripts\Transforms directory. In the [VERSIONS] section, locate the version that
matches the version of your database. For example, database version 110302
corresponds to transform version 39. Make a note of the transform version, which we
will refer to as the "starting transform version."
3 Find the [SCRIPTS] section in Transform.ini. Make note of all the Transform entries
which appear after your starting transform version. For example, if your starting
transform version is 39, the first upgrade script you'll need to run is transform 40
(upgrade_from_110302_to_120001.sql) and the last is FinalUpgradeScript.sql.
4 Open each upgrade script needed to complete your schema upgrade in a text-editor of
your choice. Replace every occurrence of the <DATAFILESPATH> variable with the
absolute path to the DB Scripts directory. Some scripts may have several that need
replacement, some may have none. Be sure to exclude any trailing slashes from the
directory path when replacing the text.
For example, in an upgrade script, we see the below text:
BULK INSERT WorkspaceReport FROM
'<DATAFILESPATH>\WorkspaceReport.txt'
If we copied the DB Scripts directory to a WUG directory at the root of the C drive on the
SQL Server, we would change it to the following:
24
Using WhatsUp Gold v12
BULK INSERT WorkspaceReport FROM 'C:\WUG\DB
Scripts\WorkspaceReport.txt'
Note: The path you replace <DATAFILESPATH> variable with must be local to the SQL Server
hosting the WhatsUp database. It must be a directory on a local drive, not a network share
or mapped drive. If you are running the command-line tools from another computer, be
sure to use the path that would be "seen" by the SQL Server, not your remote computer.
5
6
Save each updated file.
Run each upgrade script using the appropriate command-line tool. The script should be
run in the order specified in Transform.ini. Check for any errors or warnings returned
by the SQL tool before continuing to the next upgrade script. If any script fails, restore
your database backup and repeat any previously successful upgrade scripts before
attempting to run the failing script again.
SQL 2000 (osql):
osql -E -S "<sql_server_name>" -d "WhatsUp" -i
"<upgrade_script_name.sql>"
SQL 2005 (sqlcmd):
sqlcmd -E -S "<sql_server_name>" -d "WhatsUp" -i
"<upgrade_script_name.sql>"
For example:
SQL 2000 (osql):
osql -E -S "SQLSYSTEM" -d "WhatsUp" -i
"upgrade_from_110302_to_120001.sql"
SQL 2005 (sqlcmd):
sqlcmd -E -S "SQLSYSTEM" -d "WhatsUp" -i
"upgrade_from_110302_to_120001.sql"
Tip: Optional: You can specify to create a log file for each upgrade script using the -o switch
and by specifying a filename. We recommend creating a separate log file for each upgrade
script. For example:
sqlcmd -E -S "SQLSYSTEM" -d "WhatsUp" -i
"upgrade_from_110302_to_120001.sql" -o
"upgrade_from_110302_to_120001.log"
7
After the last upgrade script is complete, you may start the Ipswitch services (Ipswitch
Web Server$WhatsUp and Ipswitch WhatsUp Engine) and run the WhatsUp Gold
application. If you are running IIS as your web server, stop IIS, then restart it.
Note: We recommend that you make a backup of your SQL database after the upgrade has
completed. This will be useful for any disaster recovery mechanisms in place at your
company.
25
Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Recovering from a "Version Mismatch" error
When starting the WhatsUp Gold application, you may see a "Version Mismatch" error if the
program version does not match the database version. The WhatsUp Gold application can
only use a database that is compatible with the version of the software currently installed. For
example, WhatsUp Gold v12 cannot use a database containing the WhatsUp Professional
2006 schema.
This problem most often occurs when the WhatsUp Gold application was upgraded and the
database was in a non-default configuration, but the WhatsUp database schema was not
upgraded. It may also occur if you restore a WhatsUp Gold database from an earlier version of
the application.
To resolve this problem, upgrade the database schema to match the version of the currently
installed application with the instructions in the Upgrading the database schema (on page 20).
The WhatsUp Gold Polling Engine will not run, nor can the WhatsUp Gold application or web
interface be used until this database version mismatch error is corrected.
Using an alternative database setup
We recommend using the default database, which is Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express
Edition (SSEE), and letting the installation program set up the database for you.
Important: If you want to migrate to SQL 2005, you must first install WhatsUp Gold and its
SSEE instance and then migrate to the SQL 2005 Database Engine.
You can manually configure WhatsUp Gold to:
ƒ
Use Microsoft SQL Server 2005 instead of Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express Edition
(SSEE). SSEE is essentially a scaled down version of Microsoft SQL Server 2005. It can
support up to 4 GB of data. If you need to use more space, you can purchase Microsoft
SQL Server 2005 to use with WhatsUp Gold.
ƒ
Run the database on a computer separate from the one on which you have installed
WhatsUp Gold. This may result in improved database performance by allowing separate
resources to be used by both the database engine and the WhatsUp Gold application.
Warning: While WhatsUp Gold supports the SQL Server 2000 Database Engine, you cannot
migrate from the SSEE database engine to SQL Server 2000. The SQL Server database
engines are not forward compatible and SQL Server 2000 cannot read the database data
stored in a SQL Server 2005 database.
Either of these options requires manually configuring the database, so you need to have
knowledge of how to manage and configure SQL Server 2005. There are several points to
consider before deciding to move from a default database environment that uses SSEE to a
non-default configuration:
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
ƒ
When upgrading WhatsUp Gold in the future, you will be required to manually upgrade
your database schema (on page 20). In the default database configuration, the upgrade
wizard will complete this database upgrade automatically.
ƒ
For most WhatsUp Gold users, 4 GB of drive space is adequate to store network data for at
least one year. If you find that you are running out of database space in the default
WhatsUp database, you may need to adjust your data collection or retention settings.
Migrating to SQL Server 2005 because of the database size may be unwarranted in many
cases.
ƒ
Previous versions of WhatsUp Gold were limited by the Microsoft SQL Server 2000
Desktop Edition workload governor. When polling a large number of devices or monitors,
this could lead to performance problems that could only be solved by a migration to a
version of SQL that did not have the governor. SQL Server 2005 Express Edition now
removes this governor and significantly increases the database performance thresholds.
ƒ
After migrating to a non-default SQL instance of the WhatsUp database, the database
management requires manual maintenance on a routine basis. In most organizations, this
is managed by a professional database administrator (DBA) or someone familiar with
maintaining databases and optimizing them for best performance. If your organization
does not have a DBA or someone with similar skills, it may be best to continue using the
SQL Server 2005 Express Edition database that ships with WhatsUp Gold.
Supported databases
ƒ
Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Enterprise Edition
ƒ
Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Standard Edition
ƒ
Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Workgroup Edition
ƒ
Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express Edition
Database pre-requisites:
ƒ
Microsoft SQL Server 2005 English (with Service Pack 2) installed on the WhatsUp Gold
host computer or another computer. If SQL Server is installed on another computer,
remote connections to the SQL Server must be allowed. For more information, see How to
configure SQL Server 2005 to allow remote connections
(http://support.microsoft.com/kb/914277).
Important: WhatsUp Gold does not support non-English versions of SQL Server 2005.
ƒ
We recommend using an SQL account as the WhatsUp database user. However, if the SQL
Server 2005 database exists on the same computer or both computers are members of
the same domain, you may use Windows authentication. For more information about
enabling mixed mode authentication in SQL Server 2005, see the Microsoft article about
Authentication Mode http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms144284.aspx.
Note: When using Windows Authentication, the WhatsUp Gold services and applications
must run as the database user.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
ƒ
A database user with the following privileges:
ƒ
Full administrator privileges to the WhatsUp database. WhatsUp Gold v12 only
supports accessing the database via an account with full administrator rights to the
database. We do not support a limited access account.
ƒ
User's language is (United States) English. This can be set in the properties for the
login used by WhatsUp Gold.
If you need assistance configuring or verifying these prerequisites, contact your database
administrator or refer to the Microsoft SQL 2005 documentation
(http://support.microsoft.com/ph/2855).
Part I - Backing up the WhatsUp Database
1
From the WhatsUp computer, make a backup of the database. From the main menu in
the WhatsUp Gold console, select Tools > Database Utilities > Back Up SQL Database.
For this example, we will save our database as database.dat in the root of D:\
(D:\database.dat).
2 Close the WhatsUp Gold application; then, stop the Ipswitch WhatsUp Engine and the
Ipswitch Web Server$WhatsUp, for more information see Stopping and starting the
Ipswitch WhatsUp Engine and Stopping and starting the internal web server in the Help. If
you are running IIS as your web server, stop IIS, then restart it.
3 If open, close the Ipswitch Task Tray application. Right-click on the icon and select Close
Task Tray Application.
4 If the SQL server to which you will be migrating the database is on another computer,
copy the .dat file, created in Step 1, to the SQL server. Otherwise, proceed to Part II.
Part II - Importing the WhatsUp Database into SQL 2005
1
Create a database in SQL 2005 which has the following properties:
a) Database name is WhatsUp.
b) Default collation is SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS.
2 Find the location of the Data and Log file for this new database. This information is
required later in the migration process.
In SQL Server Management Studio, right-click the database, select Properties, then
select the Files page. You can identify which file is the Data file by the value in the File
Type column. The locations for the Data and Log files are under the Path column. In our
example, the Data file is located in C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL
Server\MSSQL.1\MSSQL\Data\WhatsUp.mdf and the Log file is located in
C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL.1\MSSQL\Data\WhatsUp.ldf.
3 Close Management Studio and any other applications which may be accessing the
WhatsUp database on the SQL server.
4 Open a command prompt on the SQL server and execute the following case-sensitive
command to import the database into SQL.
In our example, we have a default instance installed on a computer named SQL_1. If
your SQL install is a named instance, rather than the default instance, specify your SQL
server name as SQL_server_name\Instance_name.
sqlcmd -E -S "<SQL_server_name>" -Q "RESTORE DATABASE [WhatsUp] FROM
DISK='<location of .dat file>' WITH REPLACE, MOVE 'WhatsUp_dat' TO
'<location of data file for SQL database>', MOVE 'WhatsUp_log' TO
'<location of log file for SQL database>'"
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
In our example, this becomes:
sqlcmd -E -S "SQL_1" -Q "RESTORE DATABASE [WhatsUp] FROM
DISK='D:\database.dat' WITH REPLACE, MOVE 'WhatsUp_dat' TO
'C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL
Server\MSSQL.1\MSSQL\Data\WhatsUp.mdf', MOVE 'WhatsUp_log' To
'C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL
Server\MSSQL.1\MSSQL\Data\WhatsUp.ldf'"
5 After you receive the response that the database was successfully restored, close the
command prompt.
Part III - Configuring the DSN
Important: Make sure that the instructions below are completed on the computer that
WhatsUp Gold is installed on.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
On the WhatsUp computer, open the Data Sources (ODBC) control panel (Control Panel
> Administrative Tools > Data Sources (ODBC)).
Select the System DSN tab.
Click Add..., select SQL Server, then click Finish.
Specify a name for the DSN. It cannot be WhatsUp or any other in-use user or system
DSN name. In this example, we will call ours DSN WhatsUp2.
In the Server box, enter the IP Address or name of the SQL Server. You can browse for it
from the menu or enter it manually. If you are using a named SQL instance, be sure to
also enter the Instance Name. Click Next.
Click to select the SQL Server authentication... option, then enter the credentials for
the SQL user on your SQL server. Click Next.
Click to select the Change the default database to option and select WhatsUp from
the menu. Click Next.
Click Finish.
Click Test Data Source... and verify that no errors are listed. Click OK, then click OK
again.
Part IV - Configuring WhatsUp to use the new database
1
Run the Connection String Configuration Utility. This application is located in your
WhatsUp installation directory (usually C:\Program
Files\Ipswitch\WhatsUp\NmConfig.exe).
2 Change the text in the Database connection string (DSN) field to match the new DSN
created in Part III. In our example, it will read DSN=WhatsUp2.
3 Enter the Username and Password for your SQL user from Part III, Step 6. Click OK.
4 Click Yes to restart the Ipswitch services.
Note: A dialog opens and tells you that you need to restart the WUG Engine. When you click
Yes, not only are you restarting the WUG Engine, you are restarting the WUG Web Server. If
you are running IIS as your web server, stop IIS, then restart it.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
5
On the WhatsUp computer, open the Windows Registry Editor (regedit.exe), and
browse to:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Ipswitch
WhatsUp Engine. Make a backup of this key.
6 Delete the DependOnGroup and DependOnService values.
7 Restart the WhatsUp computer.
Note: If you prefer, you can now change the properties for the MSSQL$WHATSUP service so
that it does not run automatically at boot. We do not recommended that you uninstall SQL
Server 2005 Express Edition from the WhatsUp machine.
About the Database Utilities
You can use the WhatsUp database utilities to back up and restore the database and to
perform database maintenance and troubleshooting.
To access the database utilities:
From the WhatsUp Gold console main menu, select Tools > Database Utilities.
Using the database backup and restore backup utility
Through this feature, you can back up your complete WhatsUp Gold SQL Server database to
any mapped directory you have on your network. The file is saved as a .dat file and can be
restored at any time. Using Backup, your data is saved to a .dat file. Restore reverses this
process, overwriting your current database with the data in a .dat file.
Caution: You cannot use this feature to back up from, or restore to a remote database,
(meaning the SQL/SQL Express server is located on a remote server) or to a local database
that has an instance name other than WHATSUP.
If you want to back up the SQL database to a mapped drive, you may need to change the
Logon settings for the MSSQL$Whatsup service (or your customized SQL service). The
account must have write access to the mapped drive for the backup to be successful.
To change the SQL database logon settings:
1 Click Start > Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Services, then double click
MSSQL$WHATSUP (SQL Server (WhatsUp)). The Web Server Properties dialog opens.
2 Click the Log On tab on the Properties dialog.
3 Change the account logon settings as required.
Important: This is a complete backup and restore, so any change that you make after the
backup will be overwritten if a restore process is done.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
To access the Database Utilities Backup and Restore features:
From the main menu in the WhatsUp Gold console, select Tools > Database Utilities > Back
Up SQL Database
- or Tools > Database Utilities > Restore SQL Database.
About the database tools
The database tools let you manage index fragmentation and purge expired data.
To access the tools:
1 From the main menu in the WhatsUp Gold console, select Tools > Database Utilities >
Tools. The Database Tools dialog opens.
2
Select one of the tools:
ƒ
Performance
ƒ
Table Maintenance
Database Performance Tool
The Database Performance Tool is used to monitor the size of your database, and to manage
the index fragmentation percentage of the individual tables. Fragmented indexes can cause
database operations to slow down considerably, in much the same way that disk
fragmentation causes your computer to run slower.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Click Check for fragmented tables to begin. This may take a considerable amount of time
(up to a few minutes), depending on how many records are in your database.
ƒ
Select fragmented tables to optimize. This list shows all database tables with greater
than 10% index fragmentation, along with the total number of data rows in that table.
ƒ
Optimize selected tables. Select the tables in the list above to defragment those
database tables. WhatsUp Gold automatically stops and restarts the WhatsUp Service. The
status of the operation appears on the dialog, next to this button.
ƒ
The current database size is. This section of the dialog shows the total amount of space
used by the database. If you are using SQL Server 2005 Express as the WhatsUp Gold
database, this section also displays the percentage of the 4 GB file size limit currently in
use.
ƒ
Validate and compact database. Click this button to execute commands that validate
the database, index, and database links, and to compact the database. WhatsUp Gold
automatically stops the WhatsUp Service and restarts it once the operation is complete.
The validation phase executes the SQL Server commands DBCC CHECKCONSTRAINT,
DBCC CHECKCATALOG, and DBCC CHECKDB. These commands check the integrity of all
constraints in the database, check for consistency in and between system tables in the
database, and check the allocation and structural integrity of all the objects in the
database.
The compacting phase executes the SQL Server command DBCC SHRINKDATABASE,
which shrinks the size of the data files in the database. Note that no compression is used;
the database is simply compacted by removing empty space.
For more information on validating or compacting the database, see Getting Started with
SQL Server (http://www.msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/enus/startsql/getstart_4fht.asp) on the Microsoft Web site..
Database Tools Table Maintenance
This feature lets you purge expired data from data tables in your database. Be very careful
when using this dialog, as data that is purged through this process is lost and cannot be
restored.
ƒ
Select tables to purge. The data tables are grouped by the purpose they serve (active
monitors, report data collection, and other). Select the tables you want to purge from the
three lists.
ƒ
Total Rows. The total number of data rows in this table that currently holds data. This
includes live and expired rows.
ƒ
Expired Rows. The total number of expired data rows in this table. Expired data is data
that has been rolled up, and has not yet been purged by the application or has not been
reused. These are rows that are marked for deletion, or have been kept longer than
needed, according to your data roll-up settings.
Click Purge Expired Rows to remove those records from the database.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Configuring the web server
By default, WhatsUp Gold delivers and configures a lightweight web server to serve the web
interface over regular HTTP or SSL-encrypted HTTPS.
Alternatively, you can configure Microsoft Internet Information Services as the web server for
the WhatsUp Gold web interface.
Stopping and starting the internal web server
To start or stop the WhatsUp Gold web server:
1 On the WhatsUp Gold console, select Configure > Program Options.
2 On the Program Options dialog, select Web Server.
3
Select Enable web server on port to start the server, or clear the option to stop the
server.
4 Click OK to save your changes.
You can change the port that the server runs on by changing the port number next to the
Enable web server on port option.
Tip: To restart the web server, clear Enable web server on port and click OK to close the
dialog. Then, open Program Options dialog again and select Enable web server on port
again.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Tip: You can also restart the web server using the NmServiceRestart.exe command line
utility. For more information, see Restarting the WhatsUp Gold services from the command line
(on page 372).
About the default SSL certificates
WhatsUp Gold install the SSL certificates and keys needed to immediately begin connecting
to the SSL web server using 128 bit encryption.
The SSL files included with WhatsUp Gold (root.pem and server.pem) are installed with
every copy of WhatsUp Gold as a demonstration of how SSL can be used to encrypt web
traffic. If you choose to use these default files, your encrypted session can be intercepted and
decrypted by anyone who has access to these files.
You should replaced the default certificates with new SSL certificates that you generate and
sign. These sample files reside in the <WhatsUp Gold Install Directory>\data\SSL
directory.
Also, since the sample certificate is issued with Ipswitch as the Common Name, it will
generate a Domain Name Mismatch Security Error every time a new browser session is
established.
Using IIS on Windows XP or Windows 2003
Follow these steps to run the WhatsUp Gold web interface through an IIS (Internet
Information Services) Web server on Windows XP or Windows 2003. This procedure assumes
that you are using the default instance of SQL Server 2005 Express that is delivered with
WhatsUp Gold and that WhatsUp Gold, SQL Server 2005 Express, and Internet Information
Server are all installed on the same server.
Important: This procedure is for use with Windows XP and Windows 2003 only. For
instructions on how to configure IIS as the web server for the WhatsUp Gold web interface on
Windows Vista, see Using IIS on Windows Vista (on page 37).
To use IIS as the web server for the WhatsUp Gold web interface on Windows XP or
Windows 2003:
1 Stop the following services and applications:
ƒ
Ipswitch WhatsUp Engine service
ƒ
Ipswitch Web service
ƒ
Task Tray application
ƒ
WhatsUp Gold console
34
Using WhatsUp Gold v12
2
Specify a username and password for WhatsUp Gold to use when connecting to SQL
Server 2005 Express (SSE).
a) From the Windows Start menu, select Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Data
Sources and select the System DSN tab.
b) Select the WhatsUp DSN and click Configure. The Configuration wizard opens.
c) Verify that the fields in the first dialog are correct for your SQL Server authentication
preferences, then click Next.
d) On the second dialog, verify that the With SQL Server authentication using login ID
and password entered by the user option is selected. In the Login field, enter the
SQL username. In the Password field, enter the SQL user's password. Click Next.
Note: For the default instance of SSE installed with WhatsUp Gold, the default username is
sa and the password is WhatsUp_Gold.
e) On the third dialog, verify that the first option is selected and that the WhatsUp
database appears in the drop-down menu. Click Next.
f) Continue to click Next until you come to the final dialog, then click Finish. The ODBC
Microsoft SQL Server Setup dialog opens. You can click Test Data Source to test the
configuration or click OK.
g) Browse to the WhatsUp Gold install directory and run NmConfig.exe. Specify sa as
the username and WhatsUp_Gold as the password, then click OK. Restart the polling
engine if prompted.
3 Stop the Web site under which you want to run the WhatsUp Gold web interface.
a) From the Windows Start menu, select Control Panel > Administrative Tools >
Internet Information Services. The Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager
appears.
b) Right-click on the Web site under which you want to run the WhatsUp Gold web
interface and select Stop.
4 Create a virtual directory for the WhatsUp Gold web interface.
a) Right-click on the Web site on which you want to run the WhatsUp Gold web interface
and select New > Virtual Directory. The Virtual Directory Creation Wizard appears.
b) Click Next. The Virtual Directory Alias dialog appears.
c) In Alias, enter NmConsole. Click Next. The Web Site Content Directory dialog appears.
d) In Path, enter or browse to select <WhatsUp Gold install
path>\HTML\NmConsole\. Click Next. The Virtual Directory Access Permissions
dialog appears.
e) Enable Read and Run scripts (such as ASP), then click Next.
f) Click Finish to close the wizard.
5 Enable the parent paths feature for the NmConsole virtual directory.
a) In the Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager, right-click on the newly created
NmConsole virtual directory and select Properties.
b) Select the Virtual Directory tab, then click Configuration.
35
Using WhatsUp Gold v12
c) On the Options tab, select Enable parent paths. Click OK.
6 Configure authentication methods for the NmConsole virtual directory.
a) In the NmConsole Properties dialog, select the Directory Security tab.
b) Under Anonymous access and authentication control (in Windows XP) or
Authentication and access control (in Windows 2003), click Edit. Verify that Enable
anonymous access is enabled.
c) By default, IIS uses a restricted account named IUSR_<machine_name> for
anonymous access. Under Account used for anonymous access, change the user
listed in the User name field to a local administrator.
Note: In Windows XP, if you wish to use a domain user with local administrator rights, you
must disable the Allow IIS to control password option and enter the password for the
domain user.
- or Specify permissions for the IUSR_<machine_name> on the Windows Registry and the
appropriate folders.
ƒ
In the Windows Registry, grant IUSR_<machine_name> user the Full Control
permission to the
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Ipswitch\WebServer\WhatsUp key.
ƒ
In Windows Explorer, grant IUSR_<machine_name> user the Full Control
permission to the <WhatsUp Gold install path>\HTML\ folder and all of the
files and folders located beneath it.
ƒ
In Windows Explorer, grant IUSR_<machine_name> user the Full Control
permission to the <WhatsUp Gold install path>\Data\Mibs folder.
d) Click OK to close the Authentication Methods dialog, then OK to close the NmConsole
Properties dialog.
7 On Windows 2003 (IIS 6) only, you must enable and configure Active Server Pages.
a) In the Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager, select the Web Services
Extensions folder. The Web Services Extensions pane appears.
b) Select Active Server Pages, then click Allow.
c) Enable ASP response buffering and increase the buffer limit as follows:
ƒ
From the Windows desktop, select Start > Run. The Run dialog appears.
ƒ
Enter cmd.exe, then click OK.
ƒ
Enter the following commands:
cd /d %systemdrive%\inetpub\adminscripts
cscript.exe adsutil.vbs SET w3svc/AspBufferingLimit 8000000
cscript.exe adsutil.vbs SET w3svc/AspMaxRequestEntityAllowed
8000000
8 Restart IIS. To do this, in the Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager, right-click on
the Web site on which you want to run the WhatsUp Gold web interface and select
Start.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
9
Disable the Ipswitch web server. This can be done on the WhatsUp Gold console at
Configure > Program Options > Web Server. After disabling the Ipswitch Web server,
verify that reports still load correctly by right-clicking a device in the console and
selecting Device Reports. If the reports do not load properly, verify that the Web server
port in the Web report access from Windows console section of the contains the port
number used by IIS.
10 Restart the services and applications you stopped in Step 1.
11 Connect to the WhatsUp web interface by opening a browser and entering the
following address in the Address box:
http://<ip_address - or - hostname>/NmConsole/
Examples
http://192.168.1.200/NmConsole/
http://demo.whatsupgold.com/NmConsole/
Important: When adding a device through IIS, an issue with IIS may cause you to receive an
error that says, "Error scanning device." For information on how to resolve this issue, see
“Error scanning device XXXXX. Probable cause is it does not exist" when using IIS as the Web Server
(http://support.ipswitch.com/kb/WP-20061130-es01.htm).
Using IIS on Windows Vista
Follow these steps to run the WhatsUp Gold web interface through an IIS (Internet
Information Services) Web server on Windows Vista. This procedure assumes that you are
using the default instance of SQL Server 2005 Express that is delivered with WhatsUp Gold
and that WhatsUp Gold, SQL Server 2005 Express, and Internet Information Server are all
installed on the same server.
Important: Throughout the procedure below, Windows Vista may periodically ask you to
confirm that you want to perform certain tasks that require administrative privileges. If this
occurs, select OK.
Important: This procedure applies to Windows Vista with Service Pack 1 only. For
instructions on how to configure IIS as the web server for the WhatsUp Gold web interface on
Windows XP or Windows 2003, see Using IIS on Windows XP or Windows 2003 (on page 34).
1
Stop or close the following services and applications:
ƒ
Ipswitch WhatsUp Engine service
ƒ
Ipswitch Web service
ƒ
WhatsUp Gold Task Tray application
ƒ
WhatsUp Gold console application
ƒ
Internet Information Services (which appears as the World Wide Web Publishing
Service in the Services applet of the Control Panel)
37
Using WhatsUp Gold v12
2
Specify a username and password for WhatsUp Gold to use when connecting to SQL
Server 2005 Express (SSE).
a) From the Windows Start menu, select Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Data
Sources and select the System DSN tab.
b) Select the WhatsUp DSN and click Configure. The Configuration wizard opens.
c) Verify that the fields in the first dialog are correct for your SQL Server authentication
preferences, then click Next.
d) On the second dialog, verify that the With SQL Server authentication using login ID
and password entered by the user option is selected. In the Login field, enter the
SQL username. In the Password field, enter the SQL user's password. Click Next.
Note: For the default instance of SSE installed with WhatsUp Gold, the default username is
sa and the password is WhatsUp_Gold.
e) On the third dialog, verify that the first option is selected and that the WhatsUp
database appears in the drop-down menu. Click Next.
f) Continue to click Next until you come to the final dialog, then click Finish. The ODBC
Microsoft SQL Server Setup dialog opens. You can click Test Data Source to test the
configuration or click OK.
g) Browse to the WhatsUp Gold install directory and run NmConfig.exe. Enter the
username and password for your SQL user, then click OK. Restart the polling engine
if prompted.
3 Create a Windows user to serve as the user context under which the WhatsUp Gold web
interface runs.
a) Open Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Computer Management. The
Computer Management application appears.
b) Select Local User and Groups, then select the Users folder.
c) From the menu, select Action > New User. The New User dialog appears.
d) Enter the information for the new user. We recommend using a name that is easily
identifiable as the WhatsUp Gold user, such as WhatsUpUser or WUGUser.
e) Clear User must change password at next logon.
f) Click Create. The new user is created.
g) Click Close to close the New User dialog.
h) Double-click the new user. The Properties dialog for the user appears.
i)
Select the Member Of tab. A list of groups to which this user belongs appears.
j)
Verify that the user is a member of the Users group.
k) Click OK, and then close the Computer Management window.
l)
The user is now ready to be used by the WhatsUp Gold web interface.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Tip: If unexpected errors occur in WhatsUp Gold with IIS 7.0, try using the Administrator
user login to resolve the issue.
4
Verify that IIS is installed and properly configured.
a) Open Control Panel > Programs and Features.
b) From the Tasks pane on the left side of the window, select Turn Windows Features
on or off. The Windows Features dialog appears.
c) Verify that Internet Information Services is selected.
d) Expand Internet Information Services > World Wide Web Services > Application
Development Features.
5
e) Select ASP, then click OK.
Create an IIS application pool for WhatsUp Gold to use.
a) Open Control Panel > Administrative Tools. The Administration Tools window
appears.
b) Double-click Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager. The Internet Information
Services (IIS) Manager appears.
c) In the Connections pane on the left side of the window, expand the item that
corresponds to the name of the server on which you are working.
d) Right-click on Application Pools and select Add Application Pool. The Add
Application Pool dialog appears.
e) In Name, enter NmConsole.
f) Under .NET Framework version, select the highest version available.
g) Under Managed pipeline mode, select Classic.
h) Click OK. The new application pool is created.
6 Configure advanced settings on the NmConsole application pool.
a) Right-click the NmConsole application pool from the list, then select Advanced
Settings from the right-click menu. The Advanced Settings dialog appears.
b) Expand Process Model, then select the Identity row. Click the browse (...) button that
appears in the second column. The Application Pool Identity dialog appears.
c) Select Custom account, then click Set. The Set Credentials dialog appears.
d) Enter the name and password of the user you created for the WhatsUp Gold web
interface to run as, then click OK.
e) Make sure the Maximum Worker Processes are set to 1.
f) Click OK to exit the Advanced Settings dialog.
7 Create an IIS application for the WhatsUp Gold web interface.
a) In the Connections pane on the left side of the screen, under Sites, locate the Web
site under which you want WhatsUp Gold to run. Right-click it and select Add
Application. The Add Application dialog appears.
b) In Alias, enter NmConsole.
39
Using WhatsUp Gold v12
c) Click the Select button next to Application pool. The Select Application Pool dialog
appears.
d) Select the NmConsole application pool, then click OK.
e) In Physical path, enter (or use the browse button to select) the path to the WhatsUp
Gold web interface. This should be located at <WhatsUp Gold install
path>\HTML\NmConsole\.
f) Click Connect As. The Connect As dialog appears.
g) Select Specific user, then click Set. The Set Credentials dialog appears.
h) Enter the name and password of the user you created for the WhatsUp Gold web
interface to run as, then click OK.
i)
Click OK to close the Connect As dialog.
Tip: After configuring the settings for the application, click Test Settings to verify that
everything is configured correctly.
j) Click OK. The new application is created.
8 Modify the ASP settings for the NmConsole application.
a) In the Connections pane on the left side of the window, select the NmConsole
application.
b) In the center section of the screen, under the IIS heading, double-click ASP.
c) Under Enable Parent Paths, select True. This option is required to support use of the
relative paths used to navigate in the WhatsUp Gold web interface.
d) Expand Limit Properties.
e) Change the value of Maximum Requesting Entity Body Limit to 8000000.
f) Change the value of Response Buffering Limit to 8000000.
g) In the Actions pane on the right side of the window, click Apply.
9 On the Windows Registry and the appropriate folders, specify permissions for the user
you created for the WhatsUp Gold web interface to run as.
ƒ
In the Windows Registry, grant the user the Full Control permission to the
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Ipswitch\WebServer\WhatsUp key.
ƒ
In Windows Explorer, grant the user the Full Control permission to the <WhatsUp
Gold install path>\HTML\ folder and all of the files and folders located beneath
it.
ƒ
In Windows Explorer, grant the user the Full Control permission to the <WhatsUp
Gold install path>\Data\Mibs folder.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
10 To prevent a port conflict, the internal web server must be set to use another port, such
as 8080, or must be disabled. This can be done on the WhatsUp Gold console at
Configure > Program Options > Web Server.
Note: If you configure the Web Server to run on a port other than the port you specified
during the installation of WhatsUp Gold, you must configure the Windows Firewall to allow
traffic on that port.
If you disable the WhatsUp web interface, verify that reports still load correctly by rightclicking a device in the WhatsUp Gold console and selecting Device Reports. If not,
double-check the settings on the Program Options > Web Server panel and verify the
Web server port in the Web report access from Windows console section contains the
port number used by IIS.
11 Restart the services and applications you stopped in Step 1.
12 Connect to the WhatsUp web interface by opening a browser and entering the
following address in the Address box:
http://<ip_address - or - hostname>:port/NmConsole/
Examples
http://192.168.1.200/NmConsole/
http://192.168.1.200:8080/NmConsole/
http://www.ipswitch.com:8080/NmConsole/
Uninstalling Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold v12
To uninstall Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold v12:
1 Select Start > Settings > Control Panel, then select Add or Remove Programs.
2 Select Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold v12.
3 Select Remove.
You can also run the Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold v12 installation program, then select Remove.
Select one of the following dialog options:
ƒ
Remove the WhatsUp Gold application, but leave network data I have collected intact.
ƒ
Remove both the WhatsUp Gold Premium application, and all network data I have
collected.
ƒ
Also, remove the "WhatsUp" copy of SQL Server Express Edition.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
42
CHAPTER 4
Using Device Discovery
In This Chapter
About Device Discovery................................................................................... 43
Using the Device Discovery wizard.............................................................. 43
About Device Discovery scan types............................................................. 44
Using Device Discovery wizard SNMP SmartScan option.................... 44
Adding a single device manually.................................................................. 48
About Active Discovery.................................................................................... 53
About Device Discovery
WhatsUp Gold provides you the capability called Device Discovery that allows you to discover
devices connected to your network.
There are three ways to use Device Discovery:
1
2
3
Through the Device Discovery Wizard in the WhatsUp Gold console
Through single Device Discovery
Through Active Discovery
Using the Device Discovery wizard
The Device Discovery wizard scans your network for devices, using the protocol(s) and
settings you choose. After devices and monitors are found, you select the ones you want to
monitor and WhatsUp Gold creates devices in the database for each item you choose.
The wizard begins by default after installation. After this initial Discovery, you can run another
Discovery at any time from the console by clicking File > Discover Devices.
Note: The Device Discovery Wizard is only available in the console application.
Device groups are created based on subnetworks found during the scan. You may notice that
some group folders may be empty. This is because a subnet was found, but the devices in
that subnet were not scannable or you chose not to monitor them.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
About Device Discovery scan types
There are four options for device discovery. They are:
ƒ
SNMP SmartScan: SmartScan discovers devices by reading SNMP information on your
network. This scan type uses an SNMP enabled router to identify both network devices
and subnetworks. We recommend using SmartScan as your primary Discovery method.
ƒ
IP Range Scan: WhatsUp Gold scans a range of IP addresses and finds the devices that
respond to one or more of the chosen services. The Discover Devices wizard prompts you
to enter a range of the IP addresses in your network. You should use IP Range Scan if
SNMP is either unavailable or does not meet your needs.
ƒ
Network Neighborhood: Scanning a Network Neighborhood creates a list of devices by
scanning the Windows network to which your computer is connected, and finding the
other systems on the network. Use this type of scan if you only want to discover Windows
devices.
ƒ
Hosts File Import: WhatsUp Gold imports devices from the system’s Hosts file, which is a
text file that lists host names and their IP addresses on a network. For small networks, the
Hosts file is an alternative to DNS. The Hosts file may also be called a host table by some
TCP/IP vendors.
For more information, see Example: discovering devices (on page 45).
Using Device Discovery wizard SNMP
SmartScan option
This section describes how to use the Device Discovery wizard with the SNMP SmartScan
option to discover devices. In this example, you want to discover all of the devices attached
to a specific SNMP-enabled router on your network. To accomplish this, you need to:
ƒ
Know the IP address of the SNMP-enabled router whose network you want to discover.
ƒ
Know the Read Community name assigned to the devices on the network.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Example: discovering devices
To discover devices:
1 Select File > Discover Devices. The New Device Discovery Wizard appears.
2
Select SNMP SmartScan as the method for scanning your network, then click Next. The
SNMP SmartScan settings dialog appears.
3
In the SNMP enabled router box, enter the IP address of the SNMP enabled router you
want to use for this scan.
4 In the SNMP read communities box, enter the proper read community string for that
router. If an incorrect string is entered, WhatsUp Gold will be unable to scan the
network. Additional community strings may be entered, separated by commas, if there
are multiple SNMP enabled devices on your network that use different strings.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Optionally, select the Windows credential that you want to use during discovery. These
credentials are configured in the Credentials Library, and store Windows authentication
information (username and password) for those devices that require a logon for
discovery or monitoring. Click the browse (...) button next to this box to access the
Credentials Library. You can select a specific credential, select All to try all credentials that
are configured or select None to ignore those devices that require you to log on. The
credential that is successful is associated with each device.
5 Click the Advanced button if you want to change the scan’s default timeouts in
milliseconds, retry counts, and scan depth.
ƒ
Click to select the Limit scan to IP class of root device option if you want to limit the
scan to the network class (A, B, or C) defined by the IP address of the root device. If the
IP address is within the network class of the root device, the scan proceeds. Otherwise,
the scan skips to the next IP address.
ƒ
Click to select the Resolve host names option if you want to populate the list of
discovered devices with host names in addition to IP addresses.
ƒ
Click OK to save changes and return to the SNMP SmartScan settings dialog.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
6
Click Next. The Active/Performance Monitors to Scan dialog opens. Select the type of
Active Monitor(s) and Performance Monitor(s) you want to use in this scan process. In
this example, select DNS, HTTP, and Interface as our Active Monitors (Ping is selected by
default) and CPU, Disk, and Interface Utilization as our Performance Monitors to be used
in the scan process.
ƒ
The Ping monitor polls the device on a regular basis to establish whether it is Up or
Down. By default, WhatsUp Gold sends a ping command to each viable IP address in
the range configured during the first section of this wizard. If the device responds,
WhatsUp Gold scans for the monitors listed on this dialog. If the device does not
respond, discovery moves on to the next IP address. You can select Use
comprehensive discovery to have device discovery scan each IP address for all of the
selected monitors without first sending the ping command to the device. Discovery
takes longer if this option is selected.
Note: If you want a Ping monitor created for the devices found in discovery, you must select
Ping as an active monitor to scan even if you have cleared the Use comprehensive
discovery option.
Note: If a device only has one interface, WhatsUp Gold intentionally does not add the
Interface Active Monitor during discovery. Doing so with the Ping Active Monitor would be
redundant.
ƒ
The HTTP monitor polls a web server (if one is discovered) on the device on a regular
basis to establish if it is Up or Down.
Tip: To see how a monitor is configured, you can go to the Active Monitor Library
(Configure > Active Monitors), select a monitor, then click Edit.
ƒ
The Disk Utilization monitor monitors and reports on the available disk space for the
selected device. Data collected is displayed in the Disk Utilization Report.
7 Click Next. The Device Discovery displays the estimated remaining scan time and the
scan’s progress. You can cancel the Device Discovery by clicking Stop.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
8
When the Discovery is completed, the Devices to Monitor window opens, listing all of
the devices just discovered and the active and passive monitors that were applied. Note
that if any of the devices have already been entered into the database, a shortcut to the
device will be created in the device list. To add all of the devices to the database, click
Next. To remove specific devices to be monitored from this list, clear the checkbox next
to the device you want to remove.
Note: Additional Active Monitors and Performance Monitors that are already in the database
will not be added to devices.
9
Click Next. The Action Policy Selection dialog appears. For more information about
Action Policies, see About Action Policies (on page 152).
10 Complete the remaining screens in the wizard.
The Results summary shows the number of selected new devices, number of active and
performance monitors, whether or not an Action Policy is applied, and the number of
selected device shortcuts.
11 Click Finish to begin monitoring the devices. A progress bar appears while devices are
added to the database, then the Device View opens with a list of new devices found in
the device discovery process. For more information about Device Views, see About the
Device View (on page 58).
Note: If some device group folders are empty, it is due to the fact that although a subnet was
found, the devices in the subnet were either not scannable, or you chose not to monitor
them.
Adding a single device manually
There are three ways to add devices, individually, to the monitoring database:
ƒ
In the Map View or Device View, in the console or the web interface, right-click and select
New > New Device.
ƒ
From the console, you can display the Device Types (list of device icons) in the left pane,
then click and drag one to the Device or Map view.
ƒ
From the console, click File > New > New Device.
- or ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Devices > New Device.
Adding a device without scanning
You can add a "bare bones" device to the database immediately without scanning. The new
device is generically categorized as a workstation.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
This option is sometimes useful for testing purposes, as it allows you to add the same device
to a database multiple times. At this time there no limit for the number of times you can add
the same device to your database.
Examples
ƒ
Example: manually adding a device to a device group (on page 49)
ƒ
Example: clicking and dragging a device to a device group (on page 50)
Example: manually adding a device to a device group
When you manually add a device, you are prompted to enter the IP address or host name.
WhatsUp Gold attempts to resolve the IP address or hostname, then scans the device for
Active Monitors. When the scan is complete, you can further configure the device as needed.
To demonstrate, we'll add a workstation to a device group.
To manually add a device to a device group:
1 Select the Device Group from the left hand pane to which you want to add a new
device. Click the Map View tab (at the bottom of the console) to display the map for the
group.
2 Right-click in the Map View, then click New > New Device. The Add New Device dialog
opens.
3
Enter the IP address or host name for the device into the box.
Optionally, select Add device immediately without scanning to add a device without
scanning for the device.
Note: Any monitors for which the Use comprehensive discovery option is selected will be
checked when the device is added.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
4
Click OK to add the device. If the device already exists in another group, you will get a
message to that effect. If you want to add a short cut for the device in this new group,
click Yes. The Device Properties dialog opens.
5
You can either accept the default Properties populated when you added the device, or
modify them. If you accept them, click OK. The new device icon appears in the Map
View.
For more information about the Device Properties dialog, see Learning about the Device
Properties (on page 82).
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Example: clicking and dragging a device to a device group
To click and drag a device to a device group:
1 In the left pane of the console, select Device Types (Basic) or Device Types
(Advanced), depending on which device type you desire.
2 Drag the device icon to the Map View.
The Add New Device dialog opens.
3
Enter the IP address or host name for the device into the box.
Optionally, select Add device immediately without scanning to add a device without
scanning for the device.
Note: Any monitors for which the Use comprehensive discovery option is selected will be
checked when the device is added.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
4
Click OK to add the device. If the device already exists in another group, you will get a
message to that effect. If you want to add a short cut for the device in this new group,
click Yes. The Device Properties dialog opens.
5
You can either accept the default Properties populated when you added the device, or
modify them. If you accept them, click OK. The new device icon appears in the Map
View.
6
For more information about the Device Properties dialog, see Learning about the Device
Properties (on page 82).
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
About Active Discovery
You can use Active Discovery to schedule WhatsUp Gold to scan your network for new
monitors (active monitors and performance monitors) and devices on a regular basis. Newly
discovered items are added to the Active Discovery Results report, and WhatsUp Gold notifies
you that a new device was found, or a new monitor was found on an existing device. You can
then review the report and select the items you want to add to your device list.
For more information, see Using Active Discovery (on page 237).
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
54
CHAPTER 5
Using the WhatsUp Gold Console
In This Chapter
About the console.............................................................................................. 55
Organizing Devices, Device Groups, and Maps with drag-and-drop57
About the Device View..................................................................................... 58
About the Map View.......................................................................................... 59
About the console
The console is a Windows application used for the configuration and management of
WhatsUp Gold and its database. The console has seven main components, which are
indicated on the image below.
1
The WhatsUp Gold Toolbar. The icons on this toolbar change according to the view
you are currently using. Additional toolbar icons can be enabled for the Map view by
selecting View > Toolbars.
2 Device Group Tree. This is a list of all device groups created through WhatsUp Gold.
When you perform a discovery scan, WhatsUp Gold creates a top level folder for that
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
scan. All discovered subnetworks are created in subgroups, but can be organized,
deleted, or renamed to fit your needs.
3 View pane. This pane displays the selected device group based on the view from the
tabs below (Device View or Map View).
4 Device Types Groups. Click the Basic or Advanced tab to view the device types
contained in the group selection. These types can be dragged into the view pane to
create a new device based on the selected device type.
5 View selectors. Choose the way you want to view your device groups. Each of these
views are explained in detail later in this chapter.
ƒ
Device View. This view provides an overview of each device and subgroup in a
selected device group.
ƒ
6
Map View. This view shows a graphical representation of the devices and subgroups
in a selected device group.
Polling Indicator Icons. These icons indicate the current state of the poll engine.
Poll engine is connected
7
Poll engine is not connected
Polling is enabled
Polling is disabled
Database Size Indicator Icon. This icon shows the current size of your database. The
color and shape changes according the database size thresholds:
ƒ
Green - 49% and below.
ƒ
Yellow - 50% to 74%
ƒ
Red - 75% and above.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Organizing Devices, Device Groups, and Maps
with drag-and-drop
In the Device and Map views, you can quickly and easily organize your devices and device
groups by dragging the device you want in a particular group to the device group folder.
After you drop the icon or icons, a menu appears, asking if you want to move or copy the
devices. If you move the devices, they are deleted from the previous device group. If you
copy the devices, the devices appear in both device groups.
Note: When you copy a device using drag-and-drop, a shortcut is created in the new
location. Even though a device exists in multiple locations, it only exists once in the database.
Therefore, to modify a device, you can change the settings by opening the device properties
from any group in which the device appears, and the change is reflected in all other
instances of the device. This also means that each device is only polled once, no matter how
many times it appears in your device group tree.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
About the Device View
With a similar look and feel to Windows Explorer, the Device View gives you another option
to help you keep your complex network organized and performing properly. In this view,
devices are organized by device group, and appear in the list in alphabetical order based on
the name of the folder or the display name of the device.
Each device's icon provides information about its device state and the state of the monitors
associated to that device. In addition, the Status column indicates which specific monitor is
down and the duration of the interruption.
When the entry in the Device list is a group folder, the Status column shows the number of
devices in the group with a breakdown of how many devices are in each device state.
About device icons
The following icons appear in the Device View when viewing the contents of a device group.
Icon
Description
(Green) All monitors on the device are considered up.
(Red) Device is considered down, because one or more monitors are down. The
green square shows that at least one monitor is responding.
Device entry appears in another device group. At least one monitor on the device
is unresponsive, but at least one is considered up.
(Orange) The device is currently in maintenance mode.
A bold device name shows that the device has undergone a state change, and that
state change has not been acknowledged. For more information about
Acknowledgements, see Device overview (on page 81).
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
About the Map View
Through the Map View of WhatsUp Gold, you can create graphical representations of your
network, organized by any means that suits your needs. Devices can be placed on as many
maps as needed, without the devices being polled multiple times. In short, there is an
enormous amount of flexibility in the way you can use the Map View feature.
The map above was created after an SNMP Device Discovery Scan. It shows the relationship
between the different sub-networks that were discovered during the scan.
Organizing device layout and views
The Map View has a number of options you can use to organize your view of devices.
Arrange options are available from the console Arrange menu located on the main menu bar.
Display options are available from the View menu on the main menu bar and the toolbar
right-click menu.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Try the different Arrange menu features until you are satisfied with the device layout. Be
aware that there is no undo option for the arrange tool.
To clean up a map after completing Discovery:
1 Select a device group, then click the Map View tab.
2 Right-click in the Map View, then select Display > Clip Device Names. This removes the
domain part of the device name and shows only the host name.
3 Select all devices in the view by clicking and dragging a selection box around all
devices. Then, from the Arrange menu, select Distribute > Device Icons in Rows.
If you have a large set of devices or want to represent a topology specific to your network,
you can also use the graphics annotations (such as lines, text, circles) and attached lines to
create custom map views.
You can select object(s) in the map, right-click and select Lock Position from the menu. Lock
Position keeps an object from moving as you move other items around, or when adding
devices to the map. If you want an object to be able to change positions on the map, remove
the Lock Position selection. It is very useful to lock images you may place in the background,
or text you want to protect.
Note: Locking an object on the console prevents you from moving that same object on the
web interface.
Adding annotations to a map
Annotations are graphical objects that let you customize a map view. You can add text,
shapes, lines, and graphics to visually organize a set of devices.
To use the Annotation (Draw) tools:
1 In the Map View toolbar, click an Annotation (Draw) icon to make it the active tool.
2 Drag the cursor onto a map to create a line, rectangle, circle, polygon, text, file image, or
network cloud.
To change Annotation (Draw) tool properties, such as border width and color, select the
annotation, then click Properties from the right-click menu.
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About link lines
You can use Link lines to get a graphical view of the network link (the Interface service)
between two devices. Link lines can also show the status of any service which has an Active
Monitor on the device.
The following example shows a map with link lines displayed.
ƒ
Router 1 shows a connecting link to device RRA and this link is currently up. Also shown
are eight unconnected links, all of which represent interfaces on the router. One of the
unconnected links is disabled.
ƒ
JMA is a workstation that shows two unconnected links that are currently up. These are
Ping and FTP monitors, found under Device Properties > Active Monitors.
ƒ
RRA is an FTP Server that is currently down and shows five unconnected links, two of
which are down.
By default, links are rendered in one of four colors:
ƒ
Green indicates an Active Monitor that is up (for example, but not limited to, Interface).
This includes services that have not yet been polled.
ƒ
Red indicates a down Active Monitor.
ƒ
Gray indicates a service listed in the device's Active Monitors list, but not currently
monitored.
ƒ
Orange indicates that the device is currently in maintenance mode.
Note: These colors are subject to change if a user changes the colors of the default device
states.
For more information, see Using link lines (on page 249).
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Using attached lines
Attached lines show an arbitrary connection between devices. When you move two devices
that are connected by attach lines, the attach lines also move. Attach lines are visual
representations assigned by the user, and not a reflection of a true connection between the
two devices. The true connection between the two devices is done with Link lines.
To draw an attached line:
1 In the Map View, right-click a device. The right-click menu appears.
2 Click Attach > Attach to. A line displays next to the cursor.
3 Click the device icon you want to attach to. WhatsUp Gold draws an attached line
between the two devices.
Note: Each device can attach to up to five other devices.
62
CHAPTER 6
Using the WhatsUp Gold
Web Interface
In This Chapter
Accessing the web interface........................................................................... 63
About the WhatsUp Gold web interface.................................................... 64
Accessing the web interface
You can connect to the WhatsUp Gold web interface from any supported browser by
entering its web address. This web address consists of the hostname of the WhatsUp Gold
host and the web server port number. The default port number is 80.
For example, if your WhatsUp Gold host is named monitor1.ipswitch.com, then the web
address will be: http://monitor1.ipswitch.com:80.
Note: When you use the default port number (80), you do not have to include the port
number in the address.
There are two default users on the Web server:
Account type
Username
Password
Administrator
admin
admin
Guest
guest
<password left blank>
By default, the web server is disabled in the console. You have the option to enable the web
server during installation, or on the console by going to Configure > Program Options >
Web Server. Select Enable web server on port.
Note: You can also use Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) as the web server for
WhatsUp Gold. For more information, see Using IIS on Windows XP or Windows 2003 (on page
34) or Using IIS on Windows Vista (on page 37).
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
About the WhatsUp Gold web interface
The web interface allows you to view and modify almost all aspects of WhatsUp Gold using a
web browser. From the web interface, you can add devices, view or modify device groups,
view device maps, and access reports about your devices.
The web interface includes two features that are not available through the console:
ƒ
In WhatsUp Gold Premium, Distributed, and MSP Editions, Split Second Graphs display
up-to-the-second information on SNMP and WMI performance counters for the devices
on your network. Split Second Graphs can be viewed on the WhatsUp Gold Web
Performance Monitor, the Web Task Manager, device and group performance reports,
and several workspace reports.
ƒ
Full and workspace reports are only available through the web interface. From the
console, you can launch a web browser to view reports in the web interface, but you
cannot view the reports directly in the console.
There are also some features that are available in the console but are not available through
the web interface:
ƒ
Advanced mapping features, such as annotations, link lines, and automatic arrangement
of device icons are not available in the web interface.
ƒ
Device discovery is not available in the web interface, but you can add specific devices by
IP address.
The web interface is organized into four main sections: the GO menu, the Home tab, the
Devices tab, and the Reports tab.
About the GO menu
The main menu for the web interface is accessed using the GO button. The GO menu is
similar to the Microsoft Windows Start menu. The GO menu allows navigation to other areas
of the web interface with only a few clicks. It is always present in the top-left corner of the
browser window, except when viewing dialogs.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
With the GO menu, you can navigate to the areas you will use most in WhatsUp Gold,
including your customized Home workspace views; your monitored devices list; Network
Tools; the configuration of the Passive, Active, and Performance Monitor libraries; and the
WhatsUp Gold Help.
About the Home tab
The Home Workspace is the first screen you see after logging in to the web interface. The
Home Workspace is your customizable home page. It displays important information about
the health of monitored servers and network devices in a way that can be tailored to your
specific needs.
For more information on your Home Workspace, see Customizing workspace views
(on page 275).
The Workspace Toolbar
ƒ
Add Content. Use this button to add workspace reports to your workspace views.
ƒ
Workspace View. Use this drop-down menu to edit your workspace views and to switch
between workspace views.
ƒ
Help. Use this button to view the WhatsUp Gold Help for the window you are currently
viewing.
About the Devices tab
The Devices tab is used to view and manage the lists of devices you have added to WhatsUp
Gold. The Devices tab has two modes:
ƒ
Device View shows a list of devices and groups formatted like a table.
ƒ
Map View shows the map that you configured for the current device group in the
console.
You can add devices in either mode by using the Devices Menu or the Devices Toolbar
located along the top edge of your browser.
The Devices Menu bar
ƒ
File. Use this section of the menu to add new devices, device groups, and dynamic
groups.
ƒ
Edit. Use this section of the menu to copy, move, edit, and delete devices and device
groups. You can also access Device Status and Device Properties from this section.
ƒ
View. Use this section to switch between Device and Map views, to navigate to device
groups, and to refresh the screen.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
The Devices Toolbar
ƒ
New Device. Use this button to add a new device to your list of monitored devices.
ƒ
New Group. Use this button to add a new device group to your list of monitored devices.
ƒ
New Dynamic Group. Use this button to add a new dynamic group to your list of
monitored devices.
The Right-Click Menu
You can also manage groups using the right-click menu, which includes quick links to many
common tasks, tools, and reports.
Drag and Drop
Just like in the console and most Windows applications, you can use your mouse to organize
devices and groups using drag and drop in the web interface. You can drag devices from the
device view or map view into device groups in the device groups list, in the list of devices and
groups contained in the current group, or on a map.
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About the Reports tab
The Reports tab is the starting point for launching Full Reports. When you select the Reports
tab, the Reports Overview screen appears.
This screen divides the reports into several categories.
ƒ
System reports show logs and diagnostic data for all devices.
ƒ
Group reports allow you to compare availability and performance data for devices within
a group.
ƒ
Device reports give a view into availability and performance data for a single device.
ƒ
Performance reports allow you to view historical performance data for a device or group.
ƒ
Problem Area reports provide an indication of typical problems that may be occurring
on your network.
ƒ
General reports give you access to your workspaces and show you data logged by
WhatsUp Gold during its operation (such as logs from active discovery).
ƒ
All Reports opens a page with links to every available report.
ƒ
Favorite reports is a customizable list of reports that you find useful.
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Report Category menu
The Report Category drop-down menu allows you to jump to report category screens from
where to choose reports for viewing.
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CHAPTER 7
About Users
In This Chapter
About user accounts ......................................................................................... 69
About user rights................................................................................................ 72
About group access rights .............................................................................. 74
About user accounts
User accounts in WhatsUp Gold define a person's role and determine what actions the person
can perform.
Default user accounts
There are two default user accounts:
1
Administrator account. The Administrator account is given all user rights, including
Manage Users, which grants the the right to create and edit user accounts. The
Administrator is also given all group access rights, so that when enabled, this account
will be able to view and edit devices in all device groups.
2 Guest account. The Guest account allows people to see the application without giving
them the ability to modify any settings. By default, all user rights and all group access
rights are disabled for this account. This limits the account to only seeing a limited
number of things in the application. The Administrator (or anyone else with Manage
User rights) can modify the Guest account rights using the Manage Users dialog.
Additional user accounts
The Administrator can create additional user accounts as needed. There is no limit to the
number of user accounts allowed on the system, though each additional account does
increase the maintenance overhead for WhatsUp Gold. Each time permissions and rights are
modified, the Administrator should verify that each user has only the intended rights.
Note: We recommend limiting the number of users to whom you grant the Manage Users
right. If multiple user accounts are given permission to create and delete user accounts,
confusion could surface as a result. Open communication between all user accounts with the
Manage Users right is crucial to a smooth network management operation.
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Creating and modifying user accounts
User accounts that are granted the Manage User right can create and edit user accounts.
To create a new or edit a WhatsUp Gold user account:
1 From the WhatsUp Gold web interface, select GO. The GO menu appears.
2 On the WhatsUp section of the GO menu, select Configure > Manage Users. The
Manage Users dialog appears.
3 Click New. The Add User dialog appears.
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- or Select a user account and then click Edit. The Edit User dialog appears.
4
Enter the appropriate information.
ƒ
User Name. Enter the name of the user.
ƒ
Authentication Type. Select the method of authenticating the user.
ƒ
Internal. Use the internal user database built in to WhatsUp Gold.
ƒ
LDAP. Use an external LDAP database.
ƒ
Language. Select the language to display for the user.
ƒ
Internal Password. Enter a password for the user. This option is disabled if
Authentication Type is set to LDAP.
ƒ
Confirm Password. Confirm the user's password. This option is disabled if
Authentication Type is set to LDAP.
ƒ
Home Group. Select the device group that the user will see when they log into the
WhatsUp Gold web interface. If they have the correct group access rights, they will be
able to navigate out of this group.
ƒ
User Rights. Select the rights that correspond to the actions you want to allow the
user to complete.
ƒ
Check all rights. Select this option grant the user rights to perform all of the actions
listed.
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5
6
Click OK to save changes.
If you have enabled Group Access Rights, you will be prompted if you would like to
specify Group Access Rights for the new user account.
Select Yes to open the Device Group Properties dialog for the user's home group.
- or Select No to close the dialog and return to the Manage Users dialog.
About user rights
User rights govern what actions users in WhatsUp Gold can perform. Any user who has been
granted the Manager Users right can manage user rights on the Add/Edit User dialog in the
web interface.
Caution: When creating an account for a novice user, do not grant all user rights. An
inexperienced user with too many user rights may make inappropriate selections that
accidentally interrupt network monitoring. In the case of a new user, we recommend that
you restrict the account to only those rights that they will need to gain familiarity with the
application. Grant additional rights as the user gains confidence and application knowledge.
The table below lists and describes each of the user rights.
General
Change Your Password
Enables users to change their own password.
Configure Workspaces
Enables users to add workspace views as well as configure, move, and
delete workspace reports within workspace views.
Manage IP Security
Enables users to control access to the web interface based on specific IP
addresses.
Manage Web Server
Enables users to change the configuration of the web server.
Translations
Enables users to view the translation system as well as import and
export languages.
Manage Workspace Views
Enables users to add, delete, and copy workspace views, as well as edit
the properties of a specific workspace view.
Manage Users
Enables users to create and edit users for the web interface. This option
also allows users to specify Group Access Rights.
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Configure LDAP Credentials
Enables users to configure LDAP credentials for connecting to an LDAP
server for user authentication in the web interface.
Manage SNMP MIBs
Enables users to download and delete SNMP MIBs through the SNMP
MIB Manager.
Monitors/Actions
Configure Active Monitors
Enables users to create, edit, and remove active monitors on devices in
the groups to which the user has access.
Configure Performance
Monitors
Enables users to create, edit, and remove performance monitors on
devices in the groups to which the user has access.
Configure Actions
Enables users to create, edit, and remove actions on devices in the
groups to which the user has access.
Configure Passive Monitors
Enables users to create, edit, and remove passive monitors on devices
in the groups to which the user has access.
Configure Action Policies
Enables users to create, edit, and remove action policies on devices in
the groups to which the user has access.
Manage Recurring Actions
Enables users to create, edit, and remove recurring actions on devices
in the groups to which the user has access.
Devices
Manage Groups
Enables users to create, edit, or remove device groups on the network.
Access Active Discovery
Results
Enables users to access the Active Discovery Results dialog. Granting
users access to this dialog also enables users to add devices to the
network and to add Active Monitors, and Performance Monitors to a
device.
Configure Credentials
Enables users to configure SNMP and Windows credentials.
Manage Devices
Enables users to add new devices and edit existing devices in the
groups in which the user has access.
Reports
Access Group and Device
Reports
Enables users to view group and device reports for the groups the user
has access.
Access System Reports
Enables users to view system reports.
Access Split Second Graph
Reports
Enables users to view Split Second Graph reports in workspace and full
reports.
Remote
Access Remote Reports
Enables users to view reports on WhatsUp Gold remote sites.
Configure Remote Sites
Enables users to create, edit, and delete remote sites for use with
WhatsUp Gold Central and Remote Site Editions.
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About Remote User Rights
When using WhatsUp Gold Distributed or MSP editions, make sure that Access Remote
Reports is selected on the Central Site for each user that you want to provide access to the
Remote Site reports. Also, make sure that you select Configure Remote Sites if you want a
user to be able to access and change options in the Configure Remote Sites dialog. This
dialog provides a list of all of the Remote Sites that have connected to the Central Site. You
can view and edit two important settings in this dialog:
ƒ
Accept remote site connection. Allows authorized users to enable or disable accepting
connections from Remote Sites. This option is checked by default. The primary reason to
clear the option is if you need to disable the Central Site from accepting any connections
from this Remote Site. For example, this option could be helpful if one of the Remote Sites
connected to the Central Site has an unusual amount of activity and is using too much
bandwidth between sites. This option lets you temporarily disable a single Central Site
from accepting remote site connections until you determine what the problem is.
ƒ
Local device. Allows authorized users to select a local device to associate with the
Remote Site. Click the browse (...) button to select a device. This device is often the
computer that is running the WhatsUp software on a Remote Site. Associating a local
device allows you to view the device status from the Remote Site, keeping you informed
about the connection status with the Remote Site. It also provides easy access to the
Network Tools for the local device you selected.
About group access rights
Group access rights enable WhatsUp Gold users to see or make changes to specific groups
and devices. These rights can be enabled or disabled by the administrator and are disabled
by default.
Group access rights are useful when users need to view and edit only those groups that
matter to them, as would be the case with a large network with multiple network
administrators. Group access rights allow an administrator to grant each user rights to only
the devices on the network for which that user is responsible.
Types of group access rights
There are four types of group access rights:
1
Group Read. This right allows users to view items within the selected group and
pertaining to that group, including the group's reports, map, and device list.
2 Group Write. This right allows users to edit group properties and add, edit, and delete
devices and subgroups within the selected group.
3 Device Read. This right allows users to view the device properties and device reports of
all devices within the selected group.
4 Device Write. This right allows users to edit the device properties of any device within
the selected group and to delete the device from the group.
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Note: To add a device to a group, a user must have Group Write rights to the group. Device
Write rights allow users to modify and delete existing rights, but do not allow them to add
new devices to the group.
Tip: When enabled, group access rights are applied throughout WhatsUp Gold. Device and
group pickers, reports, and group views all respect what a user account is granted permission
to view and edit.
The following is a list of operations and the group access rights that must be assigned for the
user to perform that task:
ƒ
List, Map, and Group reports in the Group Views menu require Group Read access.
ƒ
Create Group and Group Properties in the Group Operations menu require Group Read
and Group Write access.
ƒ
Copy Group requires Group Read in the source group, and Group Read and Group
Write in the destination group. (Permissions to groups and sub-groups are copied, not
inherited from the new parent).
ƒ
Move Group requires Group Read and Group Write in both the source and the
destination groups. (Permissions of the group and sub-groups remain the same.)
ƒ
Delete Group requires Group Read, Group Write, Device Read, and Device Write
recursively. (Device Read Write may not be required if the group is empty).
ƒ
Create Device requires Group Read, Group Write, Device Read, and Device Write. If the
device already exists in other group(s), you must also have Group Read, Group Write,
Device Read, and Device Write in one or more of those groups.
ƒ
Copy Device requires Group Read in the source group and Group Read and Group
Write in the destination group. The level of device permissions must be the same in both
groups. Downgrade from Device Read and Device Write to Device Read is also
permitted.
ƒ
Move Device requires Group Read and Group Write in both the source and the
destination groups. The level of device permissions must be the same in both groups.
Downgrade from Device Read and Device Write to Device Read is also permitted.
ƒ
Viewing Device Properties and Device Reports requires Device Read.
Modifying Device Properties, Bulk Field Change, and Acknowledgement require Device Read
and Device Write.
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Enabling group access rights
Group access rights may be enabled and disabled from the Manage Users dialog.
To enable group access rights:
1 From the WhatsUp Gold web interface, select GO. The GO menu appears.
2 On the WhatsUp section of the GO menu, Configure > Manage Users. The Manage
Users dialog appears.
3 Select Enable Group Access Rights at the bottom of the dialog. The setting is
immediately saved.
Simply enabling group access rights does not ensure that the rights are set up the way that
you want. You also need to assign group access rights to each group on your network.
Assigning group access rights
From the web interface, select a device group and go to Properties for that group. There are
several ways to do this:
ƒ
Select a device group from the Devices tab in either Map View or Device View, and rightclick. From the right-click menu, select Properties.
ƒ
Select a device group from the Devices tab in either Map View or Device View. From the
Devices Menu bar, go to Edit > Properties.
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From the Group Properties dialog, you can add and edit the access rights for the selected
group.
Important: You must enable group access rights for a user account before a user can add or
edit access rights for a device group. To do this, the WhatsUp Gold Administrator will have to
enable group access rights in the Manage Users dialog (On the GO menu, from the WhatsUp
section, Configure > Manage Users).
Note: Group access rights cannot be assigned directly to Dynamic Groups. Instead, devices
are governed by the group access rights assigned to the other group or groups where the
device is located. For more information, please see About group access rights (on page 74).
Propagating group access rights to subgroups
Group access rights are passed from parent group to subgroup: when a new a group is
created, all of the group access rights that exist in the parent group are copied to the new
group. If the rights on a parent group are modified after subgroups have been created, you
can propagate the changes to the subgroup by selecting Apply changes to all sub Device
Groups recursively on the Device Group Properties dialog.
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Determining the highest right
Devices can belong to more than one device group, and each group can specify a different
set of group access rights. When a device exists in multiple groups, the group access rights
from all of the groups are added together to determine the rights granted to a user when
accessing the device. This means that if a device is granted a right (Device Read, for example)
in one group, it has that right from every group to which the device belongs.
The table below demonstrates the effective rights granted to a user accessing a device that
exists in three groups that each have different group access rights.
Device Read right Device Write right
Rights granted in Group A
X
X
Rights granted in Group B
Rights granted in Group C
Effective rights when accessing device from any group
X
X
In this example, the device is granted Device Read by its membership in Group A and Device
Write by its membership in Group B. The result is that the user can access the device with full
rights from any device group to which the device belongs, even Group C where no explicit
rights are set.
Understanding group access rights and user access right
When group access rights are enabled, WhatsUp Gold determines effective rights by first
negotiating user rights, then group access rights. This means that, while group access rights
govern access to device groups, a user must first have user access rights to a device or group
before group access rights are considered. If a user does not have the Manage Devices user
access right, for example, then Device Write group access rights are not honored.
Tip: By disabling the Manage Groups and Manage Devices user access rights, you can
prevent a user from modifying any groups or devices in WhatsUp Gold.
About group access rights and users' home groups
Users are given Group Read rights for their Home group by default. If Group Read rights are
removed from a user's home group, the user cannot access the Device List until the Group
Read right is restored or the user's Home group is changed to a group for which the user has
Group Read rights.
Note: Changing a user's Home group does not change the user's Group Access rights for
original Home group. Be careful to prevent unintentionally granting access to a device group
to which you do not want a user to have access.
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For example, an administrator creates a new user account and leaves the Home group as the
default My Network. The new user account automatically receives Group Read rights to My
Network. At a later date, the administrator changes the user account to use a subgroup as the
user's Home group. Unless the administrator deliberately removes the Group Read right from
My Network, the user continues to have Group Read rights to My Network, potentially
granting the user more visibility into WhatsUp Gold than the administrator intended.
Changing the user's Home group is not enough to restrict what he or she can see in WhatsUp
Gold.
About group access rights and dynamic device groups
Group access rights cannot be assigned to dynamic device groups. However, every device
within a dynamic device group belongs to at least one other group. Therefore, when a user
accesses a device accessed through a dynamic device group, the rights he or she is granted
to the device are equal to the sum of the rights granted in each of the groups to which the
device belongs.
For more information, see Determining the highest right (on page 78).
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80
CHAPTER 8
Managing Devices
In This Chapter
Device overview.................................................................................................. 81
About the Device View..................................................................................... 82
Learning about the Device Properties........................................................ 82
Adding a new device......................................................................................... 94
Selecting Device Types..................................................................................... 98
Using Acknowledgements............................................................................100
Editing multiple devices with Bulk Field Change .................................101
Using Credentials .............................................................................................103
Creating Custom Context menus ...............................................................103
Device overview
In WhatsUp Gold, devices are virtual representations of resources (computers/workstations,
servers, routers, switches, etc.) that are connected to your computer through a LAN (Local
Area Network), a wireless network, or even over the Internet. WhatsUp Gold watches these
devices through a network connection. When those network resources are cannot be
reached by WhatsUp Gold, the device is considered down and an action can be configured to
fire.
Device Services
WhatsUp Gold associates Active Monitors with devices on your network. Active monitors
query the network services installed on a device and then wait for a response. These monitors
query the services running on a network resource, checking to make sure that the FTP server,
web server, email server, etc., is up and responding. Active Monitors include DNS, SNMP,
Telnet, Ping, TCPIP, and NT Service. If a response is either not received or is not what is
expected, the service is considered down. If the query is returned as expected, the service is
considered up.
For a more information about service monitors, see Active monitors overview (on page 157).
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About the Device View
This view provides an overview of each device in a selected group. Each device's icon
provides information about its status. In addition, the Status column indicates which specific
active monitor is down and the duration of the interruption. When the entry in the Device list
is a group folder, the Status column shows the number of devices in the group with a
breakdown of how many devices are in each device state.
Note: Dynamic groups will not show information about the number of devices in a group or
a breakdown of how many devices are in each device state in the Status column. For more
information, see Using Dynamic Groups.
Following is an example of a device list.
The indicators in the Display Name column show the current state of the items in this group.
ƒ
Routers is a dynamic group.
ƒ
Device NorthPoint is a server that is currently up. The icon shows that this device is also in
another device group.
ƒ
Device HRA is a workstation that is currently up.
ƒ
Device ASA is an HP Device that is up, but one of the interfaces (E3) is not responding.
ƒ
Device JMA is a wireless access point that is currently in maintenance mode.
ƒ
Device RRA is a workstation that is currently up. Its icon shows that this device is also in
another device group.
ƒ
Device JTA is a workstation that is currently responding to polls, but it has a monitor (FTP)
that is down.
ƒ
Device Hub 1 is in an unknown status because the device has not been polled. In this
case, it is due to a down dependency set on the Router.
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Learning about the Device Properties
You can modify individual device properties by right-clicking a device icon in either the
Device View or Map View, then selecting Properties. Following is an overview of the device
properties available to use in WhatsUp Gold.
About General Device Properties
The General section of the Device Properties dialog box provides, and lets you modify, basic
information for the selected device.
ƒ
Display name. An identifying name for the current device. This name is populated
during discovery, but can be changed by the user at any time. Changing the name will
not change how the device is polled, only how it is displayed in WhatsUp Gold.
ƒ
Polling type. Select the type of polling you want WhatsUp Gold to use for this device.
ƒ
ICMP (TCP/UDP)
ƒ
IPX
ƒ
NetBIOS
Note: If NetBIOS is selected, the Host Name box must contain a valid NetBIOS name. If IPX is
selected, the Address box must contain a valid IPX address. If NetBIOS or IPX is selected, you
cannot monitor TCP/IP services on this device.
ƒ
Poll using. Select if you want WhatsUp Gold to use the IP address or the Host name
(DNS) of the device for polling.
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ƒ
Host name (DNS). This should be the official network name of the device if the
polling method is ICMP. The network name must be a name that can be resolved to
an IP address. If the polling method is NetBIOS or IPX, this must be the NetBIOS or IPX
name.
ƒ
Address. Enter an IP or IPX address.
ƒ
Additional Network Interfaces. Click this button to configure an additional Network
Interface for the current device.
ƒ
Device Type. Select the appropriate device type from the pull-down menu. The icon
displayed will represent the device in all views.
About Device Property Performance Monitors
Use Performance Monitors dialog to configure and manage performance monitors for the
selected device.
Note: For some performance monitors, the SNMP credential on the device must be
configured. For WMI performance monitors, the Windows credential is required.
For more information, see Performance monitor overview (on page 213).
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About Active Monitor Device Properties
Use the Active Monitors dialog to display and manage Active Monitors for this device. There
are several ways an Active Monitor can be added to this list: You can manually add the
monitor by clicking the Add button on this dialog, click the Discover button to have
WhatsUp Gold scan the device for all Active Monitors. Monitors may have been added during
initial discovery, when WhatsUp Gold first added the device to the database.
ƒ
Click Add to configure a new Active Monitor.
ƒ
Select an Active Monitor and click Edit to change the configuration.
- or Double-click an Active Monitor to edit the configuration.
ƒ
Select an Active Monitor and click Remove to remove the monitor from the device.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp Gold console, you can click Discover to have WhatsUp Gold scan the
device for Active Monitors on the device.
For more information, see Active monitors overview (on page 157).
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About Passive Monitor Device Properties
Some elements on a network may not provide a clear up or down status when queried. For
example, a message may get logged to the system's Event log by another application (such
as an antivirus application alerting when a virus is found). Because these messages/events
can occur at any time, a Passive Monitor Listener listens for them, and notifies WhatsUp Gold
when they occur.
This dialog displays all Passive Monitors configured for this device.
ƒ
Click Add to configure a new Passive Monitor.
ƒ
Select a Passive Monitor, then click Edit to change the configuration
- or Double-click a Passive Monitor to edit the configuration.
ƒ
Select a Passive Monitor, then click Remove to remove the monitor from the device.
For more information, see Passive monitor overview (on page 205).
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About Device Property Actions
You can select an Action Policy to use on this device or configure alerts specifically for this
device.
Select a policy from the Apply this Action policy pull-down menu. You can also create a
new, or edit an existing action policy by clicking the Browse button next to the pull-down
menu box.
Configured alerts appear in the Apply individual actions list, displaying the action type that
is to be fired and the state change that will trigger the action. You may have multiple actions
on a single device.
This dialog displays all Actions configured for this device.
ƒ
Click Add to configure a new Action.
ƒ
Select an Action, then click Edit to change the configuration
- or Double-click an Action to edit the configuration.
ƒ
Select an Action, then click Remove to remove the action from the device. Removing the
action from the list also deletes all records for this action (on this device) from the Action
Log.
For more information, see About actions (on page 125).
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About Device Property Credentials
The Credentials dialog displays Windows and SNMP credentials information for the current
device.
Devices that are SNMP manageable devices appear on the map view with an icon with a
white star in the top right corner.
ƒ
Windows credentials. Select the Windows credential to connect to this device. Click the
browse (...) button to browse the Credentials Library.
ƒ
SNMP v1/v2/v3 credentials. Select the SNMP credentials to connect to this device. If the
Identify devices via SNMP option was selected during discovery (or if an SNMP
discovery was performed) the correct SNMP credential was used during the discovery
process, and if the device is an SNMP manageable device, then the correct credential is
selected automatically. If any of these conditions are not met, None is selected. Click the
browse (...) button to browse the Credentials Library.
ƒ
Device Object ID (OID). The SNMP object identifier for the device. This identifier is used
to access a device and read other SNMP data.
For more information, see Credentials overview (on page 103).
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About Device Property Polling
Polling is the term used for monitoring discovered devices in WhatsUp Gold. The Polling
dialog lets you configure polling options and/or schedule maintenance times for the selected
device.
Polling
ƒ
Poll interval. This number determines how often WhatsUp Gold will poll the selected
device. Enter the number of seconds you want to pass between polls.
ƒ
Up dependency. Click to configure additional options, based on when another
device is operational, that determine when the selected device is polled.
ƒ
Down dependency. Click to configure additional options, based on when the
selected device is operational, that determine when other devices are polled.
Maintenance
Use this section of the dialog to manually set the device Maintenance state, or schedule the
maintenance state for a certain time period. Any device placed in Maintenance mode will not
be polled, but it remains in the device list with an identifying icon. By default, the
maintenance state is represented by an orange background color.
ƒ
Force this device into maintenance mode now. Select this option to put the selected
device in maintenance mode. Clear the option to resume polling the device.
ƒ
Recurring maintenance times. This box displays all scheduled maintenance times for
the device.
ƒ
Click Add to schedule a new maintenance time for the device.
ƒ
Select an entry, then click Edit to change a scheduled time.
- or Double-click a Schedule to edit its configuration.
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ƒ
Select an entry, then click Remove to delete a scheduled time.
For more information, see Polling overview (on page 115) and Dependencies overview (on page
117).
About Device Property Notes
The Notes dialog provides an option to enter free-form messages to the device database.
About Device Property Menus
In the WhatsUp Gold console, you can use the Menu dialog to create a custom context menu
for a device. After a new option has been configured, it appears on the context menu when
you right-click the device in the device list.
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When you select the new menu item, the associated command is launched with the
arguments that were included in the device's custom menu configuration.
ƒ
Customize the menu on this device (don't use device type menu). Select this option to
create and/or modify a context menu for this device. This will override any separate
context menu that has already been created for the device type of the device.
ƒ
Menu list. This box displays the commands that are currently configured for the device.
After an item has been configured, it appears on the context (right-click) menu. When you
click the menu item, the menu item is executed.
ƒ
Click Add to add a new menu item.
ƒ
Select a Menu Name, then click Edit to change the settings.
- or Double-click a Menu Name to edit its configuration.
ƒ
Select an Menu Name, then click Remove to delete it from the list.
Important: Menu items can only be configured on the WhatsUp Gold console.
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About Device Property Custom Links
In the WhatsUp Gold web interface, you can use this dialog to create a custom link for a
device.
To view custom links created for a device, you need to add the Device Custom Links
workspace report to its Device Status workspace view. For more information, see Adding
workspace reports to a Device Status workspace (on page 278).
ƒ
Click Add to add a new custom link.
ƒ
Select a custom link in the list, then click Edit to change the settings.
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- or Double-click a custom link to edit its configuration.
ƒ
Select a custom link in the list, then click Remove to remove it from the list.
Important: Custom links are only configurable and viewable in the web interface.
About Device Property Attributes
The Attributes dialog lists attributes that are associated with a device, such as contact person,
location, serial number, etc. The first three attributes in the list (Contact, Description, and
Location) are added by WhatsUp Gold when the device is added to the database, either by
the Device Discovery wizard, or through another means.
ƒ
Click Add to add a new attribute.
ƒ
Select an attribute on the list, then click Edit to change the settings.
- or Double-click an attribute to edit its configuration.
ƒ
Select an attribute in the list, then click Remove to remove it from the list.
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Adding a new device
There are two ways to add devices to the monitoring database:
ƒ
Discover devices automatically. For more information, see Using the Device Discovery
wizard (on page 43).
ƒ
Manually add devices.
To manually add a new device:
1 In the Device view, right-click, then select New Device. The Add New Device dialog
opens.
2
3
4
Enter the IP address or hostname for the device you want to add.
Click Advanced to select a number of additional options for which to scan the device.
If you want to add a device without scanning, select Add device immediately without
scanning. This immediately adds a "bare-bones" device, generically categorized as a
workstation.
5 Click OK to save changes. The WhatsUp Gold attempts to resolve the IP address or
hostname, then scans that device for Active Monitors. When the scan is complete,
Device Properties dialog opens, allowing you to further configure the device as needed.
Adding additional network interfaces to a device
To configure a network interface:
1 Right-click a device, then click Properties. The Device Properties dialog appears.
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2
Click General. The General dialog appears.
3
4
Click Additional Network Interfaces. The Add Network Interfaces dialog appears.
Click Add. The Add Network Interfaces dialog appears.
5
6
Enter the network information for the new interface.
Click OK to return to the General section.
To change the default network interface on a device:
1 In the General section of Device Properties, click Additional Network Interfaces.
2 On the Network Interfaces dialog, select the interface you want to make the default.
3 Click Set Default.
4 Click OK to return to the General section.
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Adding attributes to a device
To add attributes to a device:
1 Right-click a device, then click Properties. The Device Properties dialog appears.
2 Click Attributes. The Attributes dialog appears.
3
Use the following options:
ƒ
Click Add to add a new device attribute. The Add Attribute dialog appears.
ƒ
Select a device attribute in the list, then click Edit to change the settings.
ƒ Select a device attribute in the list, then click Remove to remove it from the list.
4 Enter information in the Attribute name and Attribute value boxes.
5 Click OK to save changes.
Adding notes to a device
To add a note to a device:
1 Right-click a device, then click Properties. The Device Properties dialog appears.
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2
Click Notes. The Notes dialog opens.
3
Enter the note in the Notes box.
Notes. The first line of the notes box displays information about when the device was
added to the database.
You can customize the notes with any information you want to include about the
device. For example, you may want to record historical information about a device,
physical location information, or perhaps notes relating to the actions configured for
the device.
Note: There is no automatic word wrap. Add a return to display information in the dialog
without requiring you to scroll to view it.
4
Click OK to save changes.
Changing a device IP address
To change a device IP address:
1 In Device view, right-click a device. In the context menu, select Properties > General.
2 Enter the new IP address in the Address box.
3 Click OK to save changes.
Changing a device name
Changing the name of a device changes how it appears in the list views.
To change a device name:
1 In Device view, right-click a device. In the context menu, click Properties > General.
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2
In the General section of Device Properties, enter the new name in the Display Name
box.
3 Click OK to save changes.
Selecting Device Types
In the left-hand pane of the WhatsUp Gold console interface, the Device Types (icons
representing the types of devices you may have on your network) appear.
Click the tab at the bottom of the pane to switch from Device Types (Basic) to Device Types
(Advanced).
You can select a device type in the Device Properties General dialog on the console or web
interface. For more information about selecting a specific device types for existing devices,
see About General Device Properties (on page 83).
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Configuring Device Types
To create a device type:
If you want Device Discovery to use a special icon when it finds this device, make sure you
have run the MIB extractor.
1
2
3
4
From the console, click Configure > Device Types > New.
Enter a Device Type Name for the new device.
In the Icon filename box, browse to a graphic file to represent the device.
In the Overlay text box, you can enter a word or two which will overlay the device icon
to help differentiate this device. For example, HP Laser to help differentiate this device
from other printers which use the same icon.
5 Select the device Polling type.
6 (Optional) In the SNMP Object ID text box, enter an SNMP identifier (or use the browse
button ... to find one) that corresponds to a vendor device type; this is usually found in
the private > enterprises section of the MIB tree, under the vendor name.
Device discovery finds and maps devices using the SNMP identifiers to locate the
specified devices. To scan for devices, you must also enter the proper Community name.
You can use multiple identifiers. For example, suppose a manufacturer named Acme
makes three devices: the Acme 4500, the Acme 4501, and the Acme 4502. You could
define one device type to represent any Acme device in the 4500 series; in the SNMP
Object box, you would enter the three SNMP identifiers for the Acme 4500, 4501, and
4502. The Scan tool will use the icon for any of the three devices.
You need to separate multiple SNMP object identifiers by using semi-colons. The last
number in the identifier can be an asterisk, a range using hyphens, or contain multiples
separated by commas. For example:
1.3.6.1.4.1.311.1.1.3.1.3
1.3.6.1.4.1.311.1.1.3.1.3;1.3.6.1.4.1.311.1.1.3.1.4
1.3.6.1.4.1.311.1.1.3.1.3,4
1.3.6.1.4.1.311.1.1.3.1.1,3-4
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
1.3.6.1.4.1.311.1.1.3.1.*
Click Next to save the new device type, and access the Active Monitor dialog for device
types.
Click Add to add an active monitor for the device type.
Click Next to access the Passive Monitor dialog for device types.
Click Add to add a passive monitor for the device type.
Click Next to access the Context Menu dialog for device types.
Click Add to add a context menu for the device type.
Click Next to access the Action Policy dialog for device types.
Associate an action policy, or click the browse button to create or edit an action policy.
Click Finish to save the new device type.
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Changing Device Types
Device Types act like templates for new devices, containing device properties (such as active
and passive monitors, menu items, etc.) and represented by different icons in Device
Properties and on the Map view.
When you change a device type on an existing device, you are only changing the icon that
represents the device, and not adding additional information and settings to the device. All
other changes will have to be done manually.
To change a device type icon on an existing device:
1 In Device view, right-click on a device, then select Properties > General from the
context menu.
2 In the Device type list, select a new device type.
3 Click OK to save changes.
Using Acknowledgements
When a device state changes, regardless of any action that has been placed on the device,
WhatsUp Gold uses the Acknowledgement feature to make you aware that a state change
occurred. The name of the device name appears in bold in the Device List and on a black
background in the Map View.
After the device is in Acknowledgement mode, it will remain so until you actively
acknowledge it.
Note: Acknowledging a device state change does not keep that device from firing actions. To
stop a device from firing actions, you must put the device into maintenance mode.
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To acknowledge a state change:
ƒ
Select the device or devices you want to acknowledge, right-click, then click
Acknowledge.
- or ƒ
Access the State Change Acknowledgement report and select the devices you want to
acknowledge. After the devices are selected, click Clear to remove the devices from the
report, thereby acknowledging the state change.
Editing multiple devices with Bulk Field Change
The Bulk Field Change feature gives you the ability to make changes to multiple devices and
device groups. You must have administrative privileges to the devices or device groups that
you want to make changes to.
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To edit multiple devices:
1 Select the devices or device groups you want to change, right-click and select Bulk
Field Change. The Bulk Field Change context menu appears.
Note: When you select a device group, every device in the group, and any subgroup of the
group, will reflect the bulk field change.
2
Select the field you want to change. The following items can be modified through Bulk
Field Change.
ƒ
Credentials
ƒ
Polling Interval
ƒ
Maintenance Mode
ƒ
Maintenance Schedule (web interface only)
ƒ
Device Type
ƒ
Action Policy
ƒ
Up Dependency
ƒ
Down Dependency
ƒ
Notes
ƒ
Attribute
ƒ
Performance Monitors
ƒ
Active Monitor
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ƒ
Active Monitor Properties
ƒ
Passive Monitor (web interface only)
ƒ Passive Monitor Properties (web interface only)
3 Enter the configuration information that you want set.
4 Click OK to save changes.
Using Credentials
The Credentials system stores login or community string information for Windows (WMI
Active Monitors, WMI Performance Monitors, and the Web Task Manager) and SNMP devices
in the WhatsUp Gold database. The system supports SNMP v 1, 2, and 3.
Credentials are configured in the Credentials Library (found on the web interface menu in the
WhatsUp section of the GO menu at Configure > Credentials Library) and used in several
places throughout the application. They can be associated to devices in Device Properties >
Credentials, or through the Credentials Bulk Field Change option.
A device needs SNMP credentials applied to it before SNMP-based Active Monitors will work.
Similarly, NT Service Checks must have Windows credentials applied.
Creating Custom Context menus
You can create custom context menus for WhatsUp Gold in the console. When you create a
custom context menu, it is available in the right-click menu for devices. When the menu item
is selected, the associated command is executed with the arguments that were entered in the
menu configuration options.
To create a custom menu:
1 Double-click the device you want to edit, the Device Properties appear.
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2
Click Menu. The Device Properties Menu dialog appears.
3
Click to select the Customize the menu on this device (don't use device type menu)
option.
4 Click Add. The Add Menu Item dialog appears.
5 Enter information in the Display name, Command, and Arguments boxes.
6 Click OK to save changes. The custom menu is added to the device's context menu.
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CHAPTER 9
Using Device Groups
In This Chapter
About device groups.......................................................................................105
About Dynamic Groups..................................................................................107
Building Dynamic Groups..............................................................................114
About device groups
In WhatsUp Gold, devices are organized in groups to allow you to quickly find and diagnose
problems. You can create as many device groups as you wish to organize your network in a
way that is meaningful to you and your monitoring needs.
Device group types
Two types of device groups exist in WhatsUp Gold:
ƒ
Non-dynamic groups
ƒ
Dynamic groups
Non-dynamic groups are simply referred to as "device groups." Each time you discover
devices on your network, a new device group is created containing the devices found in the
scan that you choose to monitor. The group is named using the type of scan you used during
discovery, and the date and time the scan took place. For example, "SNMPScan (2007-08-03
10:24:37)." Devices that are already in the database are added to the new group as a shortcut
to the original device reference. This is only to relay that there are more than one reference in
the My Network tree, as you configure devices by clicking either the original reference icon or
the shortcut. Functionally, they serve the same purpose and display the same device status.
Dynamic groups are created by using SQL queries that search for devices based on userspecified criteria. By default, all devices discovered on your network are placed into a
dynamic group named All devices. Similarly, each time a router is discovered it is placed into
a similar dynamic group named All routers.
Device group icons
Just as devices in WhatsUp Gold, device groups use icons to display the current state of the
group, or to indicate the type of device group.
All of the monitors on all devices in the group are up.
The device group contains at least one device that is considered down.
The device group is empty, or devices have not been polled due to a dependency on
another device.
Indicates a dynamic group.
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Device group maps
The Map View is based on device group folders, meaning that each device group will have a
separate map. If a device group folder contains a subfolder, or subgroup, you can doubleclick on the folder in Map View to display the subfolder's map.
Device group reports
Device groups are particularly important when you are viewing full and workspace reports
pertaining to a specific group, or group reports. When viewing Group Reports, you choose
one specific device group in which to view network data. It's a good idea to think of ways to
easily distinguish device groups from one another for this reason. An easy way to distinguish
groups is using group names that are meaningful, such as "Atlanta Developers" and "Atlanta
Tech Support." As a result, you can easily tell what each device group is when choosing a
group on which to view Group Report information.
Device Group Access Rights
Similar to user rights are the WhatsUp Gold group access rights which link permissions to
device groups. For more information, see About group access rights (on page 74).
Creating device groups
To create a new device group:
Important: You cannot create a new device group within a dynamic group.
Note: There is a separate procedure for creating new dynamic groups.
On the WhatsUp Gold console
1
Select File > New Group. A new device group appears in the My Network Tree named
"New Device Group." You will need to rename this group.
2 To rename the group, select the new group and right-click. The right-click menu
appears. Select Rename and enter a new name for the group.
On the WhatsUp Gold web interface
1
From the Devices tab, click the New Group button.
- or From the Devices tab, select File > New Group.
The Create Group dialog appears.
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2
Enter a title and short description for the group in the Group Name and Description
fields.
3 Click OK to add the group to the My Network tree.
About Dynamic Groups
This feature provides the ability to create device groups based on whatever criteria users
choose, without having to create device shortcuts. Dynamic groups can be created for
specific device types, device attributes, active monitors, or anything else that is stored for
individual devices in the database. Dynamic groups act as SQL queries that run on the
WhatsUp Gold database, and can display real-time data if viewed through a report that is set
to automatically refresh.
WhatsUp Gold is pre-configured with dynamic group examples, which you can see in the
Devices view, under Device Groups.
All of the Dynamic Group examples are active, so if you have devices that meet the criteria,
you will see the device displayed within the group. In the web interface, the dynamic group
display is refreshed every 2 minutes. A group is also refreshed when you select it.
To view or edit the criteria for a dynamic group, right-click the group name, then select
properties.
Note: Dynamic groups on the web interface do not follow group access rights. Anyone with
the ability to view the device group that a dynamic group is in can access that dynamic
group. However, only devices that the user has the permission to view appear in the group.
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To configure Dynamic Groups:
1 In the WhatsUp Gold web interface, right-click on the device view, then select New
Dynamic Group. The SQL Dynamic Group dialog appears.
2 From here, you must select a method for configuring the new Dynamic Group. You can
either use the WhatsUp Gold Dynamic Group Builder, or the SQL dialog. If you are an
advanced SQL user, you should choose the second option. Otherwise, we recommend
selecting the Dynamic Group Builder.
To use the Dynamic Group Builder:
1 In the first part of the dialog, enter the appropriate information into the following fields:
ƒ
Group Name. Enter a name for the Dynamic Group as it will appear in the WhatsUp
Gold Device List.
ƒ Description. (Optional.) Enter a short description for the new Dynamic Group.
2 In the second part of the dialog, you will create and edit rules to form an SQL filter for
the Dynamic Group.
To begin writing the rules for your SQL filter, click Add. The Dynamic Group Editor
appears.
3 In the Dynamic Group Editor, enter the appropriate information (for more information,
see the help topic for this dialog). As you create rules, they are added to the Dynamic
Group Builder dialog where you can add more rules, edit, or delete existing rules by
clicking the Add, Edit, or Delete buttons.
Parentheses (single, double, triple, and quadruple) are available for use in your filter code add them by selecting them from the lists before and after your rules.
You can move existing rules up or down within your filter code by selecting a rule and then
clicking on the Up and Down buttons.
Validating your filter code
Keep in mind that as you configure your rules, the SQL filter is displayed at the bottom of the
Builder dialog. When you are satisfied with the filter code that is displayed, click the Validate
button to test the filter. If it runs as you expect, click OK to save the configured SQL filter and
to add the new Dynamic Group to your Device List. If the code does not run as you expect,
but you would still like to save the filter code so that you may edit it at a later time, click OK.
You can then select the Dynamic Group from the Device List and right-click, then select
Properties to edit the group filter code.
Converting your filter code
You can convert a Dynamic Group created with the Dynamic Group Builder to the SQL dialog
by clicking the Convert button. It is important to note that once you convert the Dynamic
Group to the SQL dialog, you will not be able to edit the group in the Dynamic Group Builder
again - you will only be able to make changes to the group from the SQL dialog. If you aren't
an advanced SQL user, we recommend that you make a copy of the Dynamic Group so that
you can keep a copy available for edit in the Dynamic Group Builder.
To use the SQL Dynamic Group dialog:
1 Enter a Display name for the group, enter the group Description, and enter an SQL
query in the Filter box that identifies the devices you want to appear in that group.
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2
Click OK to add the group to the device list. SQL validation occurs as soon as you click
OK. If the filter fails, an error message appears.
In addition to the pre-configured dynamic groups, we have provided several sample filters for
you to create some very interesting dynamic groups.
Tip: You can learn more about the database structure by downloading the database schema
file on the WhatsUp Gold support page (http://www.whatsupgold.com/support/index.asp).
Dynamic Group Examples
WhatsUp Gold is pre-configured with dynamic group examples, which you can see in the
Devices view, under Device Groups. For more information on these groups, see Using
Dynamic Groups.
The following examples show several dynamic group filters that you can use to create some
interesting dynamic groups for your devices. To use these examples, select the text of the
filter, and then copy and paste the text into the Filter box of the Dynamic Group dialog.
Note: You may have to remove the copyright information from the cut and paste if it appears
when you copy from this help file.
To show all devices that have had a state change in the last three hours:
SELECT DISTINCT Device.nDeviceID
FROM
Device
JOIN PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice
ON Device.nDeviceID = PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice.nDeviceID
JOIN ActiveMonitorStateChangeLog
ON
PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice.nPivotActiveMonitorTypeToDeviceID=
ActiveMonitorStateChangeLog.nPivotActiveMonitorTypeToDeviceID
WHERE Device.bRemoved = 0
AND DATEDIFF(Hh,ActiveMonitorStateChangeLog.dStartTime,GETDATE())
<= 3
To show all devices with multiple interfaces:
SELECT DISTINCT NetworkInterface.nDeviceID
FROM Device
JOIN NetworkInterface
ON Device.nDeviceID = NetworkInterface.nDeviceID
WHERE
Device.bRemoved = 0
GROUP BY NetworkInterface.nDeviceID
HAVING
COUNT(NetworkInterface.nDeviceID) > 1
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To show all devices that have gone down in the last two hours and are still down:
SELECT DISTINCT Device.nDeviceID
FROM Device
JOIN PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice
ON Device.nDeviceID = PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice.nDeviceID
JOIN ActiveMonitorStateChangeLog
ON
PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice.nPivotActiveMonitorTypeToDeviceID =
ActiveMonitorStateChangeLog.nPivotActiveMonitorTypeToDeviceID
JOIN MonitorState
ON Device.nWorstStateID = MonitorState.nMonitorStateID
WHERE Device.bRemoved = 0
PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice.bDisabled = 0
AND DATEDIFF(hh, ActiveMonitorStateChangeLog.dStartTime,
GETDATE()) <= 2
AND MonitorState.nInternalMonitorState = 1
To show all the devices (in one specific group) that have had an action fire in the last
two days:
SELECT DISTINCT Device.nDeviceID
FROM
Device
JOIN ActionActivityLog
ON Device.nDeviceID = ActionActivityLog.nDeviceID
JOIN PivotDeviceToGroup
ON Device.nDeviceID = PivotDeviceToGroup.nDeviceID
JOIN DeviceGroup
ON PivotDeviceToGroup.nDeviceGroupID =
DeviceGroup.nDeviceGroupID
WHERE Device.bRemoved = 0
AND DATEDIFF(Dd,ActionActivityLog.dDateTime,GETDATE()) <= 2
AND DeviceGroup.sGroupName = 'My Key Resources Group'
To show all devices that need acknowledgement:
SELECT DISTINCT Device.nDeviceID
FROM
Device
JOIN PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice
ON Device.nDeviceID = PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice.nDeviceID
JOIN ActiveMonitorStateChangeLog
ON
PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice.nPivotActiveMonitorTypeToDeviceID =
ActiveMonitorStateChangeLog.nPivotActiveMonitorTypeToDeviceID
WHERE Device.bRemoved = 0
AND ActiveMonitorStateChangeLog.bAcknowledged = 0
AND PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice.bRemoved = 0
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To show all devices with disks that are 90% full or fuller:
SELECT DISTINCT Device.nDeviceID
FROM
Device
JOIN PivotStatisticalMonitorTypeToDevice
ON Device.nDeviceID =
PivotStatisticalMonitorTypeToDevice.nDeviceID
JOIN StatisticalDiskIdentification
ON
PivotStatisticalMonitorTypeToDevice.nPivotStatisticalMonitorTypeToDevice
ID =
StatisticalDiskIdentification.nPivotStatisticalMonitorTypeToDeviceID
JOIN StatisticalDiskCache
ON
StatisticalDiskIdentification.nStatisticalDiskIdentificationID =
StatisticalDiskCache.nStatisticalDiskIdentificationID
WHERE Device.bRemoved = 0
AND PivotStatisticalMonitorTypeToDevice.bEnabled = 1
AND StatisticalDiskCache.nDataType = 1
AND (((nUsed_Avg / nSize) > 0.90)
AND (NOT nSize = 0
OR nSize IS
NULL))
To show all devices in maintenance or with at least one down Active Monitor and match
the specified device types:
SELECT DISTINCT Device.nDeviceID
FROM
Device
JOIN MonitorState
ON Device.nWorstStateID = MonitorState.nMonitorStateID
WHERE Device.bRemoved = 0
AND MonitorState.nInternalMonitorState IN (1,2)
AND Device.nDeviceTypeID IN (3,4,38,63,64,65,66,67,68,71,72)
To show only devices on which all active monitors are down:
SELECT DISTINCT Device.nDeviceID
FROM
Device
JOIN MonitorState
ON Device.nWorstStateID = MonitorState.nMonitorStateID
WHERE Device.bRemoved = 0
AND MonitorState.nInternalMonitorState = 1
AND Device.nWorstStateID = Device.nBestStateID
To show only those devices on which all active monitors have been down for 20
minutes or more:
SELECT DISTINCT Device.nDeviceID
FROM
Device
JOIN PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice
ON Device.nDeviceID = PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice.nDeviceID
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JOIN ActiveMonitorStateChangeLog
ON
PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice.nPivotActiveMonitorTypeToDeviceID =
ActiveMonitorStateChangeLog.nPivotActiveMonitorTypeToDeviceID
JOIN MonitorState
ON PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice.nMonitorStateID =
MonitorState.nMonitorStateID
WHERE Device.bRemoved = 0
AND PivotActiveMonitorTypetoDevice.bRemoved = 0
AND PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice.bDisabled = 0
AND MonitorState.nInternalMonitorState = 1
AND DATEDIFF(Mi,ActiveMonitorStateChangeLog.dStartTime,GETDATE())
>= 20
AND Device.nWorstStateId = Device.nBestStateId
To show devices whose Actions (or whose Active Monitors' Actions) have a specific
word in their name:
Note: To search for a different Action, change the Action name after LIKE. Be sure to leave
both % symbols.
SELECT DISTINCT Device.nDeviceID
FROM
Device
JOIN ActionPolicy
ON Device.nActionPolicyID = ActionPolicy.nActionPolicyID
JOIN PivotActionTypeToActionPolicy
ON ActionPolicy.nActionPolicyID =
PivotActionTypeToActionPolicy.nActionPolicyID
JOIN ActionType
ON PivotActionTypeToActionPolicy.nActionTypeID =
ActionType.nActionTypeID
WHERE Device.bRemoved = 0
AND ActionType.sActionTypeName LIKE '%Critical%'
UNION
SELECT DISTINCT Device.nDeviceID
FROM
Device
JOIN PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice
ON Device.nDeviceID = PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice.nDeviceID
JOIN ActionPolicy
ON PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice.nActionPolicyID =
ActionPolicy.nActionPolicyID
JOIN PivotActionTypeToActionPolicy
ON ActionPolicy.nActionPolicyID =
PivotActionTypeToActionPolicy.nActionPolicyID
JOIN ActionType
ON PivotActionTypeToActionPolicy.nActionTypeID =
ActionType.nActionTypeID
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WHERE
Device.bRemoved = 0
AND PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice.bRemoved = 0
AND ActionType.sActionTypeName LIKE '%Critical%'
To show devices to which a particular Performance Monitor is assigned:
SELECT DISTINCT Device.nDeviceID
FROM
Device
JOIN PivotStatisticalMonitorTypeToDevice
ON Device.nDeviceID =
PivotStatisticalMonitorTypeToDevice.nDeviceID
JOIN StatisticalMonitorType
ON StatisticalMonitorType.nStatisticalMonitorTypeID =
PivotStatisticalMonitorTypeToDevice.nStatisticalMonitorTypeID
WHERE Device.bRemoved = 0
AND PivotStatisticalMonitorTypeToDevice.bEnabled = 1
AND StatisticalMonitorType.sStatisticalMonitorTypeName
LIKE '%Interface Utilization%'
To show devices to which a particular Passive Monitor is assigned:
SELECT DISTINCT Device.nDeviceID
FROM
Device
JOIN PivotPassiveMonitorTypeToDevice
ON Device.nDeviceID = PivotPassiveMonitorTypeToDevice.nDeviceID
JOIN PassiveMonitorType
ON PassiveMonitorType.nPassiveMonitorTypeID =
PivotPassiveMonitorTypeToDevice.nPassiveMonitorTypeID
WHERE Device.bRemoved = 0
AND PivotPassiveMonitorTypeToDevice.bRemoved = 0
AND PassiveMonitorType.sMonitorTypeName LIKE '%Cold Start%'
To show devices to which a particular Active Monitor is assigned:
SELECT DISTINCT Device.nDeviceID
FROM
Device
JOIN PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice
ON Device.nDeviceID = PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice.nDeviceID
JOIN ActiveMonitorType
ON ActiveMonitorType.nActiveMonitorTypeID =
PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice.nActiveMonitorTypeID
WHERE Device.bRemoved = 0
AND PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice.bRemoved = 0
AND ActiveMonitorType.sMonitorTypeName LIKE '%Ping%'
To find a device by its display name, host name, or IP address:
SELECT DISTINCT Device.nDeviceID
FROM
Device
JOIN NetworkInterface
ON Device.nDeviceID = NetworkInterface.nDeviceID
AND Device.nDefaultNetworkInterfaceID =
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WHERE
NetworkInterface.nNetworkInterfaceID
JOIN DeviceType
ON Device.nDeviceTypeID = DeviceType.nDeviceTypeID
(Device.sDisplayName LIKE '%Mail Server%'
OR NetworkInterface.sNetworkName LIKE '%server1.ipswitch.com%'
OR NetworkInterface.sNetworkAddress LIKE '%1.2.3.4%')
AND Device.bRemoved = 0
Building Dynamic Groups
1
In the first part of the dialog, enter the appropriate information into the following fields:
ƒ
Group Name. Enter a name for the Dynamic Group as it will appear in the WhatsUp
Gold Device List.
ƒ Description. (Optional.) Enter a short description for the new Dynamic Group.
2 In the second part of the dialog, you will create and edit rules to form an SQL filter for
the Dynamic Group.
To begin writing the rules for your SQL filter, click Add. The Dynamic Group Editor
appears.
3 In the Dynamic Group Editor, enter the appropriate information (for more information,
see the help topic for this dialog). As you create rules, they are added to the Dynamic
Group Builder dialog where you can add more rules, edit, or delete existing rules by
clicking the Add, Edit, or Delete buttons.
Parentheses (single, double, triple, and quadruple) are available for use in your filter code add them by selecting them from the lists before and after your rules.
You can move existing rules up or down within your filter code by selecting a rule and then
clicking on the Up and Down buttons.
Validating your filter code
Keep in mind that as you configure your rules, the SQL filter is displayed at the bottom of the
Builder dialog. When you are satisfied with the filter code that is displayed, click the Validate
button to test the filter. If it runs as you expect, click OK to save the configured SQL filter and
to add the new Dynamic Group to your Device List. If the code does not run as you expect,
but you would still like to save the filter code so that you may edit it at a later time, click OK.
You can then select the Dynamic Group from the Device List and right-click, then select
Properties to edit the group filter code.
Converting your filter code
You can convert a Dynamic Group created with the Dynamic Group Builder to the SQL dialog
by clicking the Convert button. It is important to note that once you convert the Dynamic
Group to the SQL dialog, you will not be able to edit the group in the Dynamic Group Builder
again - you will only be able to make changes to the group from the SQL dialog. If you aren't
an advanced SQL user, we recommend that you make a copy of the Dynamic Group so that
you can keep a copy available for edit in the Dynamic Group Builder.
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CHAPTER 10
About Polling
In This Chapter
Polling overview ...............................................................................................115
Dependencies overview ................................................................................117
IPX support .........................................................................................................123
Polling overview
Polling is the active watching, or monitoring, of your network by WhatsUp Gold. This is done
in a variety of ways, depending on the service monitors you have configured on your devices.
The default polling method is done through Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP). The
default polling interval for WhatsUp Gold is 60 seconds.
A small amount of data is sent from the WhatsUp Gold computer across the network to the
device it is watching. If the device is up, it echoes the data back to the WhatsUp Gold
computer. A device is considered down by WhatsUp Gold when it does not send the data
back.
Changing how you poll devices
After a device is added to the database, WhatsUp Gold begins watching that device using
ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol). WhatsUp Gold 'bounces' a message off of the
device, then waits for the echo reply. If the reply is not returned, WhatsUp Gold considers it
unresponsive device and changes the status color of the device.
By default, WhatsUp Gold uses the IP address of the device to send this message. You can
change this to use the Host name or the Windows name of the computer, and you can
change the means it uses to poll the devices.
To change how you poll a device:
1 Double-click on the device you want to edit to view Device Properties.
2 Click the General icon.
3 Select the type of poll you want to check the device with in the Polling type list box.
4 Select IP address or Host name from the Poll using list box.
5 If you select Host name in the Poll using box, you must complete the Host name box.
6 Click OK to save changes.
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This is useful if you want to monitor a device that has a dynamic IP address instead of an
address assigned to that device. You will need to choose Poll using Host name so the DNS
will be able to find the device on the network.
Using Maintenance mode
This feature lets you place devices in Maintenance mode, where they will not be polled by the
engine.
Any device placed in maintenance mode is not polled, and actions are not fired for it, but it
remains in the device list and historical data is preserved. By default, the maintenance state is
represented by an orange color in both the device list view and the map view.
Device view
Map view
The mode can be set in two ways:
ƒ
Force this device into maintenance mode now. Set this device options manually by
selecting Device Properties > Polling.
ƒ
Scheduled maintenance times. Schedule maintenance times for the device.
ƒ
Click Add to schedule a new maintenance time for the device.
ƒ
Select an existing entry, then click Edit to change a scheduled time.
ƒ
Select an existing entry, then click Remove to delete a scheduled time from the list.
Setting how often your devices are polled
The default polling interval is 60 second. You can change this on a per-device basis.
1
2
3
4
Double-click on the device you want to edit to view Device Properties.
Click the Polling icon to view the Polling section of Device Properties.
Change the interval in the Poll Frequency box.
Click OK to save changes.
Stopping and starting polling
To stop or start the polling on all devices by turning the polling engine off or on:
1 From the main menu, click Configure > Program Options.
2 Click the General icon.
3 Select the Enable polling engine to turn on polling. Clear the selection to turn polling
off.
4 Click OK to save changes.
In the bottom right corner of the WhatsUp Gold console, the Polling icon shows if the engine
is active.
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Stopping and starting polling on a monitor
To stop and start polling on a per-monitor basis:
1 Double-click on the device you want to edit to view Device Properties.
2 Click the Active Monitor icon.
3 Select the Active Monitor you want to change the polling on.
4 Click Edit to view the Monitor Properties for that monitor.
5 Click the Polling icon.
6 Select Enable polling for this Active Monitor to turn polling on, clear the option to
turn it off.
7 Click OK to save changes.
Dependencies overview
By default, WhatsUp Gold polls all devices and active monitors in your device list, unless you
manually turn off polling for the system as a whole, or at the device and monitor level. The
dependency feature gives you the ability to avoid turning off polling to devices, and instead
makes polling dependent on the status of another device's active monitor(s).
Setting dependencies on one device's active monitors will place another device up or down
depending on the type of dependency you configure.
There are two types of dependencies:
ƒ
Up Dependency can be thought of as something is “behind” something else. The
dependant device will only be polled if the device "in front" of it is up.
ƒ
Down Dependency can be thought of as something is “in front of” something else. The
dependant devices in front will not be polled unless the device further down the line is
down.
Example
If you make devices behind a router, up dependant on the router's ping active monitor, those
devices will not be polled unless the dependent router's ping attempts are successful. If the
router's ping active monitor fails, the devices behind the router are placed in the unknown
state. Without the dependency, the devices behind the router would fire off actions when
they became unavailable due to the router's failed ping attempts. With the dependency, only
actions on the router will fire.
Reading dependencies
There are several ways to "read" dependencies to ensure they are applied as you want them
to be.
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1
Review the description of the dependency in the Device Properties dialog.
2
Read the dependency arrows in the Map View.
The map above displays several Up and Down dependencies. The green arrows indicate an
Up dependency, and the red arrows indicate a Down dependency.
Using the "behind" and "in front" terminology you can follow the graphical arrow in the map
above to read a dependency. For example, the server dependencies are read as, "only poll the
servers if the switch is up." The servers are behind the switch, and will only be polled if the
switch is also responding to polls. If the switch goes down, the server is assumed unavailable
and is no longer be polled. Since the server is unavailable, the server's state then changes to
Unknown.
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For another example, the router dependency on the firewall is read as, "only poll the firewall if
the switch is down." If a break in communication takes place between the router and the
firewall, the switch changes to the Down state because it is Down dependent on the firewall.
If the switch goes down, the state of the servers changes to Unknown, because they are Up
dependent on the switch. Then, since the switch is down, the firewall is polled and changes
to the Down state. After the firewall is considered down, the router is polled.
Down dependencies are useful in showing the break position in a chain of machines. If the
chain is not broken at any point, the machines in the chain are not polled and are assumed
up.
Setting Dependencies
There are two ways to set dependencies in WhatsUp Gold:
ƒ
Using Device Properties
ƒ
Using the Map View
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To set dependencies in the Device Properties:
1
Double-click a device in My Network view (View > Device View). The Device View
appears.
2
Double-click a device.
In the console, the Device Properties dialog appears.
- or In the web interface, the Device Status page appears. Click Device Properties. The
Device Properties dialog appears.
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3
Click Polling. The Polling, Maintenance, and Dependencies dialog appears.
4
Click either the Up Dependency... or the Down Dependency... button to bring up
the Device Dependencies dialog and configure the up or down dependency.
To set dependencies in the Map View:
1
In the console, double-click a device in My Network view (View > Map View). The
Map View appears.
2
Right-click a device, select Set Dependencies, then select either Set Up
Dependency on or Set Down Dependency on. The cursor changes to the Set
Dependency arrow.
3
Click on any device in the current group to set the dependency. For information
about using the Device Dependencies dialog, see the Using the Device Dependencies
dialog topic below.
Note: You cannot set a dependency across groups. However, you can make shortcuts to the
devices you want to set a dependency on in a group, then set the dependency to the
shortcut.
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To view the dependency between the two devices, click Display > Polling
Dependency Arrows In the Map View,
Using the Device Dependencies dialog
The Device Dependencies dialog is the same for both up and down dependencies with the
exception that one sets up dependencies and the other sets down dependencies. Up
dependencies are indicated with an upward green arrow icon, while down dependencies are
indicated with a downward red arrow.
ƒ
Click to select the Poll only if check box to either poll only if Any one or Every one of the
active monitors selected below are up or down on device, depending on the type of
dependency you want to set.
ƒ
Click the browse (...) button to select a device for the dependency.
ƒ
Select either All active monitors or Specific active monitors and check the active
monitors you want to associate with the dependency.
The statement at the bottom of the dialog is generated to help you understand the type of
dependency you have created.
An example statement would read:
The polling of Workstation Simulator depends on every one of Intel Switch's active monitors being
'Up'. (Workstation Simulator is 'behind' Intel Switch).
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Viewing Dependencies
After you have set up your dependencies, you can view dependency lines in the Map view, as
long as the devices appear in the same group. If the devices are not in the same group, you
can refer to the Polling section of Device Properties to view the dependencies.
In the example above, the devices have an up dependency on the router, and the router has a
down dependency on the hub. If the router's active monitors fail, the hub would be polled,
and the devices behind the router would not be polled. When the router's active monitors are
successful, the hub is not polled, but the devices behind the router are.
IPX support
To poll IPX devices, Microsoft's NWLink IPX/SPX Compatible Transfer Protocol must be
installed and running on the computer on which you installed WhatsUp Gold.
To add the IPX protocol:
1 Open the Network applet in the Windows Control Panel.
2 In the Select Network Component dialog box, select Microsoft, then select the
IPX/SPX-compatible Component and follow the online instructions.
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CHAPTER 11
Using Actions
In This Chapter
About actions.....................................................................................................125
About action strategies ..................................................................................126
About the Action Library ...............................................................................127
About Web Alarms...........................................................................................128
Configuring an action .....................................................................................130
Testing an action ..............................................................................................147
Deleting an action............................................................................................147
Assigning an action to a device...................................................................147
Creating a Blackout Period............................................................................148
Percent Variables ..............................................................................................148
About action policies ......................................................................................152
About actions
When a device or monitor state change occurs, WhatsUp Gold can perform an action to try to
correct the problem, notify someone of the state change, or launch an external application.
For example, you can set up an action that sends you an email alert when your Web server
device is down.
You can configure actions on a single device or monitor, or define an Action Policy to use
across multiple devices or monitors.
WhatsUp Gold provides the following action types:
ƒ
Beeper Action. Activates a beeper.
ƒ
Pager Action. Sends a message to a pager.
ƒ
Program Action. Runs another program (executable) to take some action.
ƒ
Email Action. Sends an SMTP mail message.
ƒ
Winpop Action. Displays a message in a pop-up window on a Windows NT system.
ƒ
SMS Action. Sends a Short Message Service (SMS) notification to a pager or cell phone
using an email or dialup gateway
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ƒ
SMS Direct Action. Sends an SMS message to pager or cell phone directly using an SMS
modem.
ƒ
Service Restart Action. Stops or restarts a Windows NT system.
ƒ
Syslog Action. Sends a message to a host that is running a Syslog server.
ƒ
Text to Speech Action. Sends a text-to-speech notification to a speaker.
ƒ
Sound Action. Sounds an alarm by playing a sound file on the WhatsUp Gold console.
ƒ
Active Script Action. Allows you to write either VBScript or JScript code to perform a
check on a device. If the script returns an error code, the monitor is considered down.
Note: Ipswitch does not support the scripts that you create, only the ability to use them in
the Active Script Action.
ƒ
Web Alarm. Sounds an alarm by playing a sound file on the WhatsUp Gold web interface.
About action strategies
When configuring actions for your devices and monitors, you should take a few things into
consideration.
ƒ
Large lists of devices have the potential of sending out very large amounts of external
notifications (email, SMS, beeper, etc).
Imagine the number of messages sent if external notifications are placed on a router and
every device and monitor that uses that router for their connection to the Internet. If the
router goes down, it will appear as if all of the devices are down, and messages will be
sent for each of them. Consider using dependencies and limiting the external
notifications to the router and the most important of the devices in the group.
ƒ
Do not rely on sound actions when there is not someone around to hear the notification.
Sound notifications are safe to use in almost any situation, but is not the best choice for
items that are monitored overnight.
ƒ
If the device states do not fit what you need, change them, or add new ones.
You may want to add device states for longer periods of downtime. Perhaps creating a
Down at least 60 mins state, and sending an escalated message to show that the device
is still down after an hour.
ƒ
Action policies are easier to manage than lists of actions built on a device.
Whenever possible, it is a good idea to use action policies over actions configured for a
single device. That way, you can reuse the work you put into the list, and can keep better
watch over the actions that are being fired.
ƒ
Visual notifications are usually enough for most of the devices on your network.
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Unless the device is vital to the daily-operation of the business or office, the state change
color and shape should be enough to let you know what is going on with your monitored
devices.
ƒ
An action can be assigned to a device or to a specific monitor. If you want to be notified if
any or all of the monitors on a device goes down, assign the action to the device. If you
are concerned with specific monitors on a device, assign the action to the monitor itself.
Remember that if you assign the action to both the monitor and the device, both actions
will fire if the monitor goes down.
ƒ
You can check on the status of firing alerts via Running Actions. Here, you can cancel
single alerts, or all currently firing alerts.
About the Action Library
The Action Library shows all of the actions configured for your network. These actions can be
assigned to any device or monitor, or included in an action policy. When you assign the
action to a device or monitor, you specify the state change that will trigger the action.
To open the Action Library, from the main menu of the WhatsUp Gold console, select
Configure > Action Library.
From this dialog, you can:
ƒ
Create a new action. Click New. After the action has been created, it can be assigned to
one or multiple devices or monitors. You can create the following types of actions to send
a message or take an action when the status of a device or monitor changes.
ƒ
Beeper
ƒ
Sound
ƒ
Pager
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ƒ
Program
ƒ
Service Restart
ƒ
SMS
ƒ
SMS Direct
ƒ
SMTPMail
ƒ
Syslog
ƒ
Text to Speech
ƒ
WinPopup
ƒ
Web Alarms
ƒ
Active Script Action
ƒ
Make changes to an action. Select the action you want to modify and click Edit.
Changes made here effect each instance of the action.
ƒ
Copy an action. To create a copy of an action so you can base a new action on the setup
information of an existing one, select the action and click Copy. You can then edit the
new copy as needed.
ƒ
Remove an action from the Action Library, devices, and monitors. To remove an
action from both the Action Library and any device or monitor to which it is assigned,
select the action, then click Delete. This is a global delete of the selected action; the
action is removed from any action policy, device, or active monitor to which the action is
associated.
If you need to remove an action from a specific action policy, device, or monitor, open the
properties for the policy, device, or monitor and delete it there. This removes only the
specified instance of that action; the action remains in the Action Library and on other
devices to which it is assigned.
Note: Be aware that when you remove an action from the Action Library, you are removing
that action from all action policies, as well as all devices and monitors on which the action is
assigned. In addition, all statistics relating to that action are also deleted from the database.
When you first open the Action Library, if you have not yet defined an Action, you will see
the default Web Alarm, which you can assign to any device or monitor.
About Web Alarms
A Web Alarm is a type of Action that can be applied to a device, or through an Action Policy.
On the WhatsUp Gold web interface, when Web Alarms are enabled and a device goes down,
or a state changes, a window pops up and an audible alarm sounds. In the Web Alarm popup
window, the current Web Alarms are listed. You can mute or dismiss these alarms.
Note: In previous versions of WhatsUp Gold, the Web Alarm Action was included in the
Implicit Action Policy. This is no longer true in Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold v12.
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Configuring a Web Alarm Action
A Web Alarm can be configured to apply to a device as an individual Action on a specific
device, or to multiple devices using an Action Policy. Before you can assign an Action to a
device or group of devices, you must first configure it in the Action Library.
For more information, see Creating a Web Alarm Action (on page 144).
The Web Alarm popup window
When a Web Alarm Action is fired, and you are logged in to the WhatsUp Gold web interface,
the Web Alarm popup box appears in your browser. From here, you dismiss one or all of the
alarms listed. You can also mute them. Muting an alarm leaves the alarm listed, but stops the
alarm from sounding.
Note: You cannot disable Web Alarms from the popup window.
If you'd like more information on one of the devices listed in the popup window, you can
double-click the device to bring up its Device Status Workspace.
Enabling and Disabling Web Alarms
While you can mute and dismiss Web Alarms from the Web Alarms popup window, you
cannot disable, or turn them off, from here. Instead, you enable and disable Web Alarms on
the web interface on the User Preferences dialog (Select GO. From the WhatsUp section,
select Configure > Preferences). Also from the User Preferences dialog, you can adjust the
Web Alarms refresh interval. The refresh interval indicates the number of seconds WhatsUp
Gold waits until checking for new Web Alarms.
By default, Web Alarms are enabled on the web interface with a refresh interval of 120
seconds.
Accessing Web Alarms on the web interface
There are two places users can access Web Alarms from the WhatsUp Gold web interface:
1
The Web Alarm window. This appears when Web Alarms are enabled and a Web Alarm
Action is fired. You can also access this window by selecting GO, then from the
WhatsUp section, selecting Devices > Web Alarms.
2 The Web Alarm workspace report. This is a default workspace report located on the
Problem Areas 1 workspace view of the Home Workspace.
Another way of listing and accessing your network's Web Alarms is creating a Dynamic Group
which lists all of the current Web Alarms. For more information on Dynamic Groups in
WhatsUp Gold, please see Using Dynamic Groups.
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Configuring an action
There are two aspects of fully configuring an action. The first is to create the action itself in
the Action Library dialog or through the Action Builder wizard. The setup consists of:
ƒ
Defining the target of the action (for example, a pager or email address)
ƒ
Entering the notification variables or program arguments (that specify what information
to report in the action message, or to pass to another program).
After the action is created, the second step is to assign the action or action policy to a device
or active monitor and to link it to a state change (action policies are already linked to a state
change during the policy definition). For more information see:
ƒ
Assigning an action to a device (on page 147)
ƒ
Assigning an action to a monitor (on page 161)
ƒ
Creating a custom action policy (on page 152)
After the actions have been completely configured, WhatsUp Gold launches the action as
soon as the proper state change is reached.
Creating a Beeper Action
To create a Beeper Action:
1 Go to the Action Library:
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Action Library. The Action Library
appears.
- or -
ƒ
2
From the main menu bar of the console, select Configure > Action Library. The
Action Library appears.
In the Action Library, do one of the following:
ƒ
Click New, then select Beeper Action.
- or -
ƒ
Select an existing Beeper Action, then click Edit.
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The action properties page appears.
3
Set the appropriate options.
ƒ
Name. The name of the action as it appears in the Action Library.
ƒ
Description. Enter a short description of the action. This is displayed in the Action
Library dialog along with the entry in Name.
ƒ
Beeper number. Enter the phone number to dial. You can use parentheses to delimit
the area code and a dash to separate the exchange from the extension numbers, for
example: (617) 555-5555.
ƒ
Pause after answer. Enter a number of seconds the modem should pause before
sending the signal codes once a connection has been made.
ƒ
End transmission. By default, # is the correct symbol for the end transmission
command. Some international systems require other or additional symbols.
ƒ
Modem setup. Select either Primary, or one of the Alternate setups. Click Port
Settings to further define your selection. Modem Setup is used specifically to support
different service providers in case you use more than one provider for sending your
beeper notifications. There could also be times you want to change your settings to
meet a specific service provider’s requirements for a specific notification (for example:
a lower baud rate). To do this, you can set up an alternate Modem Setup and associate
this to the notification instead of using your Primary setting.
Note: Changing the Port Settings for the desired Modem Setup will affect ALL uses of that
setting.
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ƒ
Up code. Specifies the characters sent to the beeper to indicate that the device has
come back up after being down (the default value is 0*).
ƒ
Down Code. Specifies the code sent to indicate the device is down (the default value
is 1*).
ƒ
On passive monitor code. Specifies the code sent to indicate that an active monitor
has been received for the device. (Default value is 2*) You can use the asterisk (*)
character to separate codes from a subsequent message.
ƒ
Recurring action code. The percent variables for the action. The default action codes
are:
ƒ
4
5
%System.NumberofUpDevices
ƒ %System.NumberofDownDevices
Click OK to save this action. The action now appears in the Action Library.
Assign the action to a device or a monitor. For more information, see Assigning an action
to a device (on page 147) or Assigning an action to a monitor (on page 161).
Creating a Pager Action
To create a Pager Action:
1 Go to the Action Library:
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Action Library. The Action Library
appears.
- or -
ƒ
2
From the main menu bar of the console, select Configure > Action Library. The
Action Library appears.
In the Action Library, do one of the following:
ƒ
Click New, then select Pager Action.
- or -
ƒ
Select an existing Pager Action, then click Edit.
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The action properties page appears.
3
Set the appropriate options.
ƒ
Name. Enter an identifying name for this pager action.
ƒ
Description. Enter a short description of the action. This is displayed along with the
Names in the Action Library.
ƒ
Terminal number. Enter the pager number to dial. Your service provider can provide
you with this number.
ƒ
Terminal password. If required, enter the pager password here. This is a password
that is required to log in to some paging services.
ƒ
Modem Setup. Select either Primary, or one of the Alternate setups.
ƒ
Click Port Settings to further define your selection. Modem Setup is used
specifically to support different service providers in case you use more than one
provider for sending your pager notifications. There could also be times you want
to change your settings to meet a specific service provider’s requirements for a
specific notification (for example: a lower baud rate). To do this, you can set up an
alternate Modem Setup and associate this to the notification instead of using your
Primary setting.
Note: Changing the Port Settings for the desired Modem Setup will affect ALL uses of that
setting.
ƒ
Protocol. Select the type of protocol used by your pager service.
ƒ
Pager ID. Enter the pager identification number.
ƒ
Message. Enter a text message plus any of the percent variable codes used to deliver
WhatsUp Gold information with the page.
4 Click OK to save this action. The action now appears in the Action Library.
5 Assign the action to a device or a monitor. For more information, see Assigning an action
to a device (on page 147) or Assigning an action to a monitor (on page 161).
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Creating an Email Action
To create an Email Action:
1 Go to the Action Library:
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Action Library. The Action Library
appears.
- or -
ƒ
2
From the main menu bar of the console, select Configure > Action Library. The
Action Library appears.
In the Action Library, do one of the following:
ƒ
Click New, then select Email Action.
- or -
ƒ
Select an existing Email Action, then click Edit.
The action properties page appears.
3
Enter the email destination information.
ƒ
Name. Enter a unique name for this action.
ƒ
Description. Enter a short description of the action. This is displayed in the Action
Library along with the entry in Name.
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ƒ
SMTP Mail Server. Enter the IP address or Host (DNS) name of your email server
(SMTP mail host).
ƒ
Port. Enter the port number that the SMTP server is installed on.
ƒ
Timeout. Enter the amount of time (in seconds) to wait for user authentication on the
SMTP server. The authentication fails if this time limit is exceeded.
ƒ
Mail To. Enter the email addresses you want to send the alert to. Email addresses
must be fully qualified. You can enter two addresses, separated by commas (but no
spaces). The address should not contain brackets, braces, quotes, or parentheses.
ƒ
SMTP server requires authentication. Check this option if your SMTP server uses
authentication. This enables the Username and Password fields.
The Email action supports three authentication types:
ƒ
CRAM-MD5
ƒ
login
ƒ
plain
The authentication type is not configurable. It is negotiated with the SMTP server
automatically.
ƒ
Username. Enter the username to be used with SMTP authentication.
ƒ
Password. Enter the password of the username to be used with authentication.
ƒ
4
Use an encrypted connection (SSL/TLS). Check this option if your SMTP server
requires the data to be encrypted over a TLS connection (formerly known as SSL).
Click Mail Content. Enter the content of the email alert.
ƒ
From. Enter the email address that will appear in the From field of the email that is
sent by the Email action.
ƒ
Subject. Enter a text message or edit the default message. You can use percent
variable codes to display specific information in the subject.
ƒ
Message body. Enter a text message or edit the default message. You can use
percent variable codes to display specific information in the message body.
5 Click OK to save this action. The action now appears in the Action Library.
6 Assign the action to a device or a monitor. For more information, see Assigning an action
to a device (on page 147) or Assigning an action to a monitor (on page 161).
Creating an SMS Action
To create an SMS Action:
1 Go to the Action Library:
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Action Library. The Action Library
appears.
- or -
ƒ
From the main menu bar of the console, select Configure > Action Library. The
Action Library appears.
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2
In the Action Library, do one of the following:
ƒ
Click New, then select SMS Action.
- or -
ƒ
Select an existing SMS Action, then click Edit.
The action properties page appears.
3
Set the appropriate options.
ƒ
Name. Enter a unique display name to identify the SMS notification.
ƒ
Description. Enter a short description of the action. This is displayed in the Action
Library along with the entry in Name.
ƒ
Country. Using the list box, select the country for the SMS provider.
ƒ
Provider. Using the list box, select the desired provider.
Note: If the provider list is incomplete and/or incorrect, you can click the Providers button
to add, edit, or delete providers in this list.
ƒ
Connection Settings. Mode is either Email or Dialup, depending on how the Provider
was created in the system.
ƒ
Email to. If the connection setting is Email, enter the email address of the SMS device.
ƒ
Phone Number. If the connection setting is Dialup, enter the phone number to call
with the message. You can enter multiple phone numbers, separated by a comma.
There is a 2,000 character limit in this field, so you can enter many numbers.
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Note: Non-numeric characters such as "-" and "." will be ignored.
ƒ
Message. Enter a text message plus any desired percent variable codes. Keep in mind
that if you use percent variables, this will greatly increase the character count.
ƒ
Note: If the message exceeds 140 characters, the message will be broken into up to 3
parts and will be sent as separate messages ("1 of 3", "1 of 2", etc.).
4 Click OK to save this action. The action now appears in the Action Library.
5 Assign the action to a device or a monitor. For more information, see Assigning an action
to a device (on page 147) or Assigning an action to a monitor (on page 161).
Creating an SMS Direct Action
SMS Direct Actions send SMS messages directly through an SMS modem, unlike SMS actions,
which use email gateways or dial-up modems. If you want to send an SMS message and do
not have an SMS modem, see Creating an SMS Action (on page 135).
To create an SMS Direct Action:
1 Go to the Action Library:
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Action Library. The Action Library
appears.
- or -
ƒ
2
From the main menu bar of the console, select Configure > Action Library. The
Action Library appears.
In the Action Library, do one of the following:
ƒ
Click New, then select SMS Direct.
- or -
ƒ
Select an existing SMS Direct Action, then click Edit.
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The action properties page appears.
3
Set the appropriate options.
ƒ
Name. Enter a name for this notification. This name is for your reference only and will
never be displayed to the notification recipient.
ƒ
Description. Enter or modify the description. This description appears in the Action
Library and is for your reference only.
ƒ
Phone number. Enter the cell phone number(s) of the intended SMS message
recipients. You can enter multiple phone numbers, separated by a comma. For
example: 555-555-5555, 55 555 55 55 55, (555) 555 5555
Note: All non-numeric characters other than the comma, such as "-" and ".", will be ignored.
There is a 2,000 character limit in this field, so you can enter many numbers.
ƒ
COM Port. Select the COM port you want to use with this notification.
Note: The list displays all ports associated with the GSM modem, including virtual and hardwired, serial ports. You must select the port that is assigned to the modem in the Windows
Device Manager.
ƒ
Message. Enter the text message you want to send with this notification plus any
desired percent variable codes. Keep in mind that if you use percent variables, this will
greatly increase the character count.
Note: If the message exceeds 140 characters, the message may be broken into up to 3 parts
and will be sent as separate messages ("1 of 3", "1 of 2", etc.), each message containing up to
140 characters, for a total of up to 420 characters. Spaces are counted in the total number of
characters.
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4
5
Click OK to save this action. The action now appears in the Action Library.
Assign the action to a device or a monitor. For more information, see Assigning an action
to a device (on page 147) or Assigning an action to a monitor (on page 161).
Creating a WinPopup Action
To create a WinPopup Action:
1 Go to the Action Library:
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Action Library. The Action Library
appears.
- or -
ƒ
2
From the main menu bar of the console, select Configure > Action Library. The
Action Library appears.
In the Action Library, do one of the following:
ƒ
Click New, then select WinPopup Action.
- or -
ƒ
Select an existing WinPopup Action, then click Edit.
The Action Properties page appears.
3
Set the appropriate options.
ƒ
Name. Enter an identifying name for this winpop action.
ƒ
Description. Enter a short description of the action. This is displayed in the Action
Library along with the entry in Name.
ƒ
Destination. Specify the Windows NT host or domain that you want to receive this
notification.
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ƒ
Message. Enter a text message using percent variables if needed.
ƒ
Refresh. Click this button to refresh the Destination list. This populates the list with
all of the targets you can choose in which to send a winpop action.
4 Click OK to save this action. The action now appears in the Action Library.
5 Assign the action to a device or a monitor. For more information, see Assigning an action
to a device (on page 147) or Assigning an action to a monitor (on page 161).
Creating a Syslog Action
To create a Syslog Action:
1 Go to the Action Library:
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Action Library. The Action Library
appears.
- or -
ƒ
2
From the main menu bar of the console, select Configure > Action Library. The
Action Library appears.
In the Action Library, do one of the following:
ƒ
Click New, then select Syslog Action.
- or -
ƒ
Select an existing Syslog Action, then click Edit.
The action properties page appears.
3
Set the appropriate options.
ƒ
Name. Enter a name for the action. This will appear in the Action Library.
ƒ
Description. Enter a short description of the action. This is displayed in the Action
Library along with the entry in Name.
ƒ
Syslog Server. Enter the IP address of the machine that is running the Syslog server.
ƒ
Port. Enter the UDP port that the Syslog listener is listening on. The default port is 514.
ƒ
Message. Enter a text message to be sent to the Syslog server. This message may
include notification variables. The Syslog message box limits input to 511 characters.
If notification variables are used, then the message that actually gets sent will be
limited to 1023 bytes, in order to comply with the Syslog protocol. Non-visible ASCII
characters such as tabs and linefeeds will be replaced by space characters.
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4
5
Click OK to save this action. The action now appears in the Action Library.
Assign the action to a device or a monitor. For more information, see Assigning an action
to a device (on page 147) or Assigning an action to a monitor (on page 161).
Creating a Text-to-Speech Action
To create a Text-to-Speech Action:
1 Go to the Action Library:
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Action Library. The Action Library
appears.
- or -
ƒ
2
From the main menu bar of the console, select Configure > Action Library. The
Action Library appears.
In the Action Library, do one of the following:
ƒ
Click New, then select Text-to-Speech Action.
- or -
ƒ
Select an existing Text-to-Speech Action, then click Edit.
The action properties page appears.
3
Set the appropriate options.
ƒ
Name. Enter a unique name for this action.
ƒ
Description. Enter a short description of the action. This is displayed in the Action
Library along with the entry in Name.
ƒ
Speak Rate. Select how fast the voice speaks the message.
ƒ
Volume. Select the volume of the message.
ƒ
Message. Enter any text message you want audibly repeated. Your own text can be
used in addition to percent variables.
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4
5
Click OK to save this action. The action now appears in the Action Library.
Assign the action to a device or a monitor. For more information, see Assigning an action
to a device (on page 147) or Assigning an action to a monitor (on page 161).
Creating a Program Action
To create a Program Action:
1 Go to the Action Library:
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Action Library. The Action Library
appears.
- or -
ƒ
2
From the main menu bar of the console, select Configure > Action Library. The
Action Library appears.
In the Action Library, do one of the following:
ƒ
Click New, then select Program Action.
- or -
ƒ
Select an existing Program Action, then click Edit.
The action properties page appears.
3
Set the appropriate options.
ƒ
Name. Enter a name for the action you are creating. This is the name that appears in
the Action Library.
ƒ
Description. Enter a short description of the action. This is displayed in the Action
Library along with the entry in Name.
ƒ
Program filename. Enter or browse to the executable of the application you want to
launch.
ƒ
Working path. Enter or browse to the directory where the working files for the
application are stored. The working path is located on the server where WhatsUp Gold
is running.
ƒ
4
Program arguments. Enter any percent variables you want to pass to the specified
program.
Click OK to save this action. The action now appears in the Action Library.
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5
Assign the action to a device or a monitor. For more information, see Assigning an action
to a device (on page 147) or Assigning an action to a monitor (on page 161).
Creating an Active Script Action
To create an Active Script Action:
1 Go to the Action Library:
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Action Library. The Action Library
appears.
- or -
ƒ
2
From the main menu bar of the console, select Configure > Action Library. The
Action Library appears.
In the Action Library, do one of the following:
ƒ
Click New, then select Active Script Action.
- or -
ƒ
Select an existing Active Script Action, then click Edit.
The action properties page appears.
3
Set the appropriate options.
ƒ
Name. The name of the action as it appears in the Action Library.
ƒ
Description. The description of the action as it appears in the Action Library.
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ƒ
Timeout. The amount of time (in seconds) WhatsUp Gold should wait for the action
script to run.
Note: Though the maximum timeout is 60 seconds, you are highly discouraged from using a
timeout longer than the default of 10 seconds. You are encouraged to use the shortest
timeout possible.
ƒ
Script type. Select the scripting language that you want to use to write this active
script (either VBScript or JScript).
ƒ Script text. Write or insert your action code here.
4 Click OK to save this action. The action now appears in the Action Library.
5 Assign the action to a device or a monitor. For more information, see Assigning an action
to a device (on page 147) or Assigning an action to a monitor (on page 161).
Creating a Web Alarm Action
To create a Web Alarm Action:
1 Go to the Action Library:
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Action Library. The Action Library
appears.
- or -
ƒ
2
From the main menu bar of the console, select Configure > Action Library. The
Action Library appears.
In the Action Library, do one of the following:
ƒ
Click New, then select Web Alarms Action.
- or Select an existing Web Alarms Action, then click Edit. The Action Properties page
appears.
3
Set the appropriate options.
ƒ
Name. The name identifies the Web Alarm action in the Action Library list.
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ƒ
Description. A short description of the action. The description appears in the Action
Library list.
ƒ
Message. Enter a short message to send to the visual cue part of the Web Alarm in the
web interface.
ƒ
Play Sound. Select this option to play the sound file whenever a web alarm action is
fired. Clear this option to only have the visual cue appear in the Web Interface.
ƒ
Sound file name. Select a sound file that has been installed in your \Program
Files\Ipswitch\WhatsUp\HTML\1033\NMconsole\WebSounds directory. Custom
sounds added to this directory appear in the drop-down list.
Note: For Web Alarms to work properly, your browser must support embedded sound files.
4
5
Click OK to save this action. The action now appears in the Action Library.
Assign the action to a device or a monitor. For more information, see Assigning an action
to a device (on page 147) or Assigning an action to a monitor (on page 161).
Creating a Service Restart Action
To create a Service Restart Action:
1 Go to the Action Library:
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Action Library. The Action Library
appears.
- or -
ƒ
2
From the main menu bar of the console, select Configure > Action Library. The
Action Library appears.
In the Action Library, do one of the following:
ƒ
Click New, then select Service Restart Action.
- or -
ƒ
Select an existing Service Restart Action, then click Edit.
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The action properties page appears.
3
Set the appropriate options.
ƒ
Name. Enter the name of the action as you would like it to appear in the Action
Library.
ƒ
Description. Enter a short description of the action. This is displayed in the Action
Library along with the entry Name.
ƒ
Host. Click the browse button to select the desired host from your Network
Neighborhood.
ƒ
User name (domain\username). Enter a user login to use with this monitor. In order
to monitor the service on another machine, the WinEvent monitor has to be
configured with the correct user name and password and a user account that belongs
to the administrators group on the remote machine. If a domain account is used, then
the expected user name is domain\user. If the device is on a workgroup, there are two
possible user names: workgroup name\user or machine name\user. No user name and
password is needed for local services (services on the machine where WhatsUp Gold
is running).
ƒ
Password. Enter the password for the login used above. To monitor NT services on a
XP machine with an account that has empty password, the XP's Local Security
Settings might have to be modified. From Administrative tools > Local Security
Settings, click on Security Settings > Local Policies > Security Options. Then right
click on the setting: Account: Limit local account use of blank passwords to
console logon only and click Properties, and select Disable.
ƒ
Service. Click the browse button to select the desired service associated with your
host.
ƒ
Command. Use the list box to select either Start or Stop, depending on whether you
want the associated alert to Start or Stop the service you have selected.
4 Click OK to save this action. The action now appears in the Action Library.
5 Assign the action to a device or a monitor. For more information, see Assigning an action
to a device (on page 147) or Assigning an action to a monitor (on page 161).
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Testing an action
After an action has been created, you can test that action to make sure it works properly.
To test an action:
1 Select Configure > Action Library. The Action Library appears.
2 In the Action Library, select the action you want to test.
3 Click Test.
4 Review the action in the Action Progress dialog.
Deleting an action
Actions that were added at the device or monitor level can be removed by selecting the
action in the Actions dialog of the Device or Monitor Properties, and clicking Remove. This
does not effect any other item in the database.
If you have assigned action policies to your devices, you can remove the action from the
policy itself.
To remove an action from the database completely, you must access the Action Library,
select the action and click Delete. When an action is removed from the Library, it is also
removed from all items configured to use that action.
Assigning an action to a device
You can assign one or more individual actions to a device, or assign an action policy that may
contain multiple actions used across your device list.
To assign actions to a device:
1 Right-click a device, then click Properties. The Device Properties dialog appears.
2 Click Actions. The Actions dialog appears.
3 Select the Apply individual actions option.
4 Click Add to access the Action Builder wizard.
5 Follow the directions in the Action Builder wizard.
6 At the end of the wizard, click Finish to add the action to the device.
7 If you need to add more actions to the device, click Add and repeat these directions.
8 When you have completed adding actions, click OK.
To assign an action policy to a device:
1 Right-click a device, then click Properties. The Device Properties dialog appears.
2 Click Actions. The Actions dialog appears.
3 Select the Apply this Action Policy option.
4 Select the action policy you want to use for this device. If you need to create a new
action policy first, click Add to access the Action Builder dialog.
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5
Click OK to save the changes.
After an action has been added to the device, the action fires when that device reaches the
specified state.
Creating a Blackout Period
You can create a Blackout period to have WhatsUp Gold suspend specific actions during the
scheduled period of time. Use this feature to keep from sending a notification to someone
who is on vacation, or to keep from sending email when there is no one to receive it.
To create a Blackout period:
1 Access the Action Builder Wizard.
2
3
4
5
ƒ
Select Device Properties > Actions, then click Add.
ƒ
Select Device Properties > Active Monitors > Monitor Properties > Actions, then
click Add.
ƒ On the Actions Policies dialog, then click Add.
Within this wizard, click the Blackout period button.
On the Weekly Blackout Schedule dialog, set the times you want the blackout to occur.
The schedule that is set is repeated weekly.
Click OK.
Complete the wizard.
Percent Variables
Active Monitor Variables
Description
%ActiveMonitor.Argument
SNMP instance number. This is only used when an
action is associated directly with an active monitor,
and not the device as a whole.
%ActiveMonitor.Comment
The human readable name that coincides with the
network switch. This is only used when an action is
associated directly with an active monitor, and not
the device as a whole.
%ActiveMonitor.Name
The name of the active monitor that fired an action.
This is only used when an action is associated
directly with an active monitor, and not the device as
a whole.
%ActiveMonitor.NetworkInterfaceAddress IP address for the network interface. This is only used
when an action is associated directly with an active
monitor, and not the device as a whole.
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%ActiveMonitor.Payload
The payload returned by a WMI, Exchange, SQL,
SNMP or Active Script active monitor. This is only
used when an action is associated directly with an
active monitor and not the devices as a whole.
For Active Script Active Monitors, the payload is the
text that is passed to the SetResult() method in
the script.
%ActiveMonitor.State
The Current status of the monitor, such as "Down at
least 5 min." This is only used when an action is
associated directly with an active monitor, and not
the device as a whole.
Device Variables
Description
%Device.ActiveMonitorDownNames
List of down services using the abbreviated name if
available.
%Device.ActiveMonitorUpNames
Full service names of all UP monitored services on a
device.
%Device.Address
IP address (from device properties).
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%Device.Attribute.[Attribute
Name]
Returns an attribute from the SNMP information available
for the device, such as the Contact name. To specify the
attribute, append the category name (listed below) to the
end of the variable. For example:
%Device.Attribute.Contact, returns the contact
name.
Default categories:
· *. Returns all attributes
· Info1. Upgrade path from v8
· Info2. Upgrade path from v8
· Contact. Contact information from SNMP
· Location. Location information from SNMP
· Description. Description information from SNMP
· Custom. If you have created a custom attribute you can
use the name of that custom attribute in the percent
variable.
Example:
%Device.Attribute.Phone
%Device.Attribute.RackPosition
To avoid an error, when placing %Device.Attribute in
quotation marks, place a space between the last letter and
the closing quotation mark.
Example:
"%Device.Attribute.Contact "; correct
"%Device.Attribute.Contact"; incorrect
%Device.DatabaseID
Returns the database ID of a device.
%Device.DisplayName
Display Name (from General of device properties)
%Device.HostName
Host Name (from General of device properties)
%Device.Notes
Notes. (Notes are from the device properties Notes)
%Device.SNMPOid
SNMP Object identifier.
%Device.State
The state's description (such as "Down at least 2 min" or
"Up at least 5 min")
%Device.Status
This shows the name of the active monitor, preceded by
the device state id : 10|DNS
%Device.Type
Device Type (from General of device properties)
Passive Monitor Variables
Description
%PassiveMonitor.DisplayName
The name of the monitor as it appears in the Passive
Monitor Library.
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%PassiveMonitor.LoggedText
Detailed Event description. (SNMP traps - Returns the full
SNMP trap text.) (Windows Log Entries - Returns
information contained in the Windows Event Log entries.)
(Syslog Entries - Returns the text contained in the Syslog
message.)
%PassiveMonitor.Payload.*
Payload generated by a passive monitor.
%PassiveMonitor.Payload.EventType The type of passive monitor (Syslog, Windows Event, or
SNMP Trap)
System Variables
Description
%System.Date
The current system date. Configure the date format in
Regional Options (from Program Options)
%System.DisplayNamesDownDevices
Display names of devices with down monitors
%System.DisplayNamesDownMonitors
Shows the name of a device and each monitor that is
down on that device. The format of the response is 'device
name':'monitor 1','monitor 2','...'
Example: ARNOR: FTP, HTTPS, Ping
%System.DisplayNamesUpDevices
Display names of up devices
%System.DisplayNamesUpMonitors
Shows the name of a device and each monitor that is up
on that device. The format of the response is 'device
name':'monitor 1','monitor 2','...'
Example: ARNOR: FTP, HTTPS, Ping
%System.InstallDir
Displays the directory on which WhatsUp Gold is installed
%System.NumberofDownDevices
Number of down devices on your network
%System.NumberOfDownMonitors
Shows the number of down monitors on your network
%System.NumberofUpDevices
Number of up devices on your network
%System.NumberOfUpMonitors
Shows the number of up monitors on your network
%System.Time
The current system time. The format is hh:mm:ss
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About action policies
You can use action policies to stack multiple actions together in a single policy. You can then
assign the action policy to any device or monitor. If you later need to edit an action, you can
edit the action policy and the changes will be applied to all of the devices that use that
particular action.
For more information, see:
ƒ
Creating an action policy (on page 152)
ƒ
Editing action policies (on page 153)
ƒ
Implicit Action Policy (on page 153)
Creating an action policy
This feature gives you the ability to stack multiple actions together in a single policy. You can
then assign those actions to any device or monitor in your device list. Once assigned, you can
edit the policies in the Action Policies dialog without having to make changes to all of the
devices that use that particular action.
To create an action policy:
1 Open the Action Policies dialog.
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Action Policies.
- or -
ƒ
2
3
4
5
6
7
From the main menu bar on the console, select Configure > Action Policies. The
Action Policies dialog appears.
On the Action Policies dialog, click New.
In the New Action Policy dialog, enter a name in Policy name. This name is used to
identify the policy later, so you should make sure the name is something that will help
you remember what is contained in that policy.
Click Add. The Action Builder wizard appears.
Follow the directions in the wizard.
Click Finish at the end of the wizard to add the action to the policy.
Add as many actions as you need to complete the policy. You can move actions up and
down in the list by clicking the Up and Down buttons above the action list.
If you select Only execute first action, WhatsUp Gold executes the actions in the list,
starting at the top, and stops as soon as an action successfully fires.
8 Once all of the actions have been added, click OK to create the policy and add it to the
active list.
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9
Assign the action policy to a device or monitor. For more information, see:
ƒ
Assigning an action to a device (on page 147)
ƒ
Assigning an action to a monitor (on page 161)
Note: During Device Discovery, you can assign an existing action policy (if one has been
created previously), create a simple action policy through a wizard, or access the Action
Policy Editor to create an action policy yourself.
Editing Action Policies
When you make changes to an action policy, you change the operation of all items that are
currently assigned to use the policy.
To edit an action policy:
1 Open the Action Policies dialog.
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Action Policies.
- or -
2
3
4
5
From the main menu of the console, Configure > Action Policies. The Action Policies
dialog appears.
On the Action Policies dialog, select the policy you want to edit.
Click Edit.
Make changes to the policy as necessary.
Click OK.
Implicit Action Policy
With the Implicit Action policy, WhatsUp Gold automatically assigns actions to all devices in
your database. There is no way to opt out of the Implicit Action policy, so any action in that
policy will be used by all devices. The Implicit Action Policy is not used for active monitors,
just devices.
The Implicit Action policy is configured through the Action Policies dialog. If at any time
during the normal operation of WhatsUp Gold you notice that actions are firing and you
cannot find the action associated to the down device or monitor, remember to check the
Implicit Action Policy too.
Note: In Previous versions of WhatsUp Gold, the Web Alarm Action was included in the
Implicit Action Policy. This is no longer true in Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold v12. For more
information on the Web Alarm Action, see About Web Alarms (on page 128).
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Example: getting an Email alert when the Web server fails
This example shows how to set up monitoring for your Web server so that an email alert is
sent when the Web server fails, or when Web content is not available.
First, you need to set up the monitors for your Web server. Then, create an Email Action and
assign it to the monitors.
Setting up monitors for a Web server and creating an Email Action that is assigned to
monitors:
1 Open device properties for your Web server device (right-click a web server device, then
click Properties). The Device Properties dialog appears.
2 Click Active Monitors. The Active Monitors dialog appears.
3 Click Add. The Select Active Monitor Type dialog appears.
4 Use the following dialogs to add the HTTP active monitor to your Web server device.
This monitor checks that HTTP (port 80) is active.
a) On the Select Active Monitor Type screen, select HTTP, then click Next. The Set
Polling Properties dialog appears.
b) Leave the default settings selected (Enable polling for this Active Monitor and Use
default network interface, then click Next. The Setup Actions for Monitor State
Changes dialog opens.
c) Select Apply individual actions, then click Add. The Select or Create Action dialog
appears.
d) Select Create a new action, then click Next. The Select Action Type dialog appears.
e) In the Select the actions type to create list, select E-Mail Action, then click Next. The
Select State Change dialog appears.
f) Select the Down option in the Execute the action on the following state change
list, then click Finish. The New Email Action dialog appears.
g) Enter the information as shown:
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h) Click Mail Content. The following information is included in the Edit Mail Content
dialog and can be customized as required:
i)
Click OK to save changes and return to the previous screen. Click OK again to return
to the Setup Actions for Monitor State Changes screen, then click Finish.
Setting up an HTTP Content Active Monitor with an email alert:
1 Open device properties for your Web server device (right-click the same Web server
device you used for the email alert, then click Properties). The Device Properties dialog
appears.
2 Click Active Monitors. The Active Monitors dialog appears.
3 Click Add. The Select Active Monitor Type dialog appears.
4 Use the same process to add the HTTP Content active monitor. This monitor checks that
the Web server returns valid content in response to an HTTP request.
a) On the Select Active Monitor Type screen, select HTTP Content, then click Next. The
Set Polling Properties dialog appears.
b) Leave the default settings selected (Enable polling for this Active Monitor and Use
default network interface, then click Next. The Setup Actions for Monitor State
Changes dialog appears.
c) Select Apply individual actions, then click Add. The Select or Create Action dialog
appears.
d) Select Select an action from the Action Library, then click Next. The Select Action
and State dialog appears.
e) In the Select an action from th Action Library list, select MailtoWebmaster. In the
Execute the actions on the following state change list, select Down, then click
Finish to save the changes and return to the Setup Actions for Monitor State Changes
screen.
f) On the Select Action and State screen, select MailtoWebmaster, then click Finish to
save the changes and return to the Setup Actions for Monitor State Changes dialog.
g) Click Finish.
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The two active monitors and resulting email actions are now enabled. When the Web
server is down, HTTP Active Monitor will fail, triggering the Email Action, which sends an
email message similar to the following:
Web1 is down on server: web1.YourDomain.com (192.168.5.5)
Details:
Monitors that are down include:
Monitors that are up include:
HTTP Content
Notes on this device (from device property page):
Lamar Bldg; 2nd floor
----------------------This mail was sent on 11/28/2007 at 15:34:01
Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold
If the Web server could not return web content, the Email Action would report:
HTTP Content is down on server: web1.YourDomain.com (192.168.5.5)
Any details or notes specified in the action will also be reported.
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CHAPTER 12
Using Active Monitors
In This Chapter
Active monitors overview..............................................................................157
About the Active Monitor Library...............................................................158
Assigning active monitors.............................................................................160
Assigning an action to a monitor ...............................................................161
Deleting active monitors ...............................................................................163
Group and Device active monitor reports...............................................164
Example: monitoring network printer toner levels..............................164
Expression Editor ..............................................................................................165
Using the Active Script Monitor ..................................................................173
Using premium monitors ..............................................................................187
Active monitors overview
Active monitors query network services installed on a device, then wait on the response. If a
response is not received or if the response does not match what is expected, the service is
considered down, and a state change occurs on the device.
If the query is returned with the expected response, the service is considered up. The
following Active Monitor types are available in WhatsUp Gold:
ƒ
Active Script Monitor
ƒ
DNS Monitor
ƒ
Email Monitor
ƒ
NT Service Monitor
ƒ
Ping Monitor
ƒ
SNMP Monitor
ƒ
TCPIP Monitor
ƒ
Telnet Monitor
ƒ
WMI Monitor (WhatsUp Gold Premium)
ƒ
Microsoft® Exchange™ and Microsoft SQL Server Monitor (WhatsUp Gold Premium)
Note: There are several types of TCPIP Monitors that are configured using the same dialog.
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For more information about the Active Monitor types, see Supported active monitors (on page
159).
About the Active Monitor Library
The Active Monitor Library is the central storehouse of all active monitors that have been
configured for your network.
The Active Monitor Library dialog is used to configure active monitor types. It includes a list of
Active Monitors that are available by default, on an out of the box installation. As you
configure new active monitor types, they are listed here.
It's important to note that when you make changes to the active monitors listed in this dialog,
the changes affect each instance of that particular monitor across your device groups.
To access the Active Monitor Library:
ƒ
On the console, click Configure > Active Monitor Library.
ƒ
On the web interface, on the WhatsUp section of the GO menu, click Configure > Active
Monitor Library.
Use this dialog to configure new or existing active monitor types:
ƒ
Click New to configure a new type.
ƒ
Select an existing type, then click Edit to change its configuration.
ƒ
Select an active monitor type, then click Copy to make a copy of that type.
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ƒ
Select an active monitor type, then click Delete to remove it from the list.
ƒ
In the WhatsUp Gold console, you can select an active monitor, then click Test to test the
selected Active Monitor on a device.
Supported Active Monitors
The following is a list of all of the Active Monitor types that are supported by WhatsUp Gold.
Active Script Monitor. The Active Script Monitors let you write either VBScript or JScript
code to perform a check on a device. If the script returns an error code, the monitor is
considered down.
Note: Please be aware that Ipswitch does not support the scripts that you create, only the
ability to use them in the Active Script Monitor.
ƒ
DNS Monitor. The DNS monitor is a simple service Monitor that checks for the DNS
(Domain Name Server) on port 53. If no DNS service responds on this port, then the
service is considered down.
Email Monitor. This monitor checks a mail server by first sending the server an email via
SMTP. The monitor then attempts to delete previously sent emails using either POP3 or IMAP.
If no emails from the monitor are present in the inbox to delete, the mail server is considered
down.
ƒ
The email active monitor supports encryption with SSL/TLS and SMTP Authentication
which ensures that the monitor sends emails to a secure email account.
ƒ
SNMP Monitor. The Simple Network Management Protocol is the protocol governing
network management and monitoring of network devices and their functions. This
monitor queries the SNMP device and tries to match the expected returned value.
ƒ
Telnet Monitor. Telnet is a simple service monitor that checks for a Telnet server on port
23. If no telnet service responds on this port, then the service is considered down.
ƒ
Ping Monitor. The Ping monitor sends an ICMP (ping) command to a device. If the device
does not respond, the monitor is considered down.
ƒ
TCP/IP Monitor. The TCPIP monitor is used to monitor a TCPIP service that either does
not appear in the list of standard services, or uses a non-standard port number.
NT Service Monitor. The NT Service Monitor checks the status of a service on a Windows
machine and attempts a restart of the service (if the appropriate Administrator permissions
exist).
Note: A running Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) service on the targeted
machine is required for this NT Service Monitor to work properly. Windows 2000 Service Pack
2 or higher, XP, and 2003 are installed with the WMI service. WMI is not installed with
Windows NT, but can be downloaded from Microsoft and installed on Windows NT.
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WhatsUp Gold Premium supports additional Active Monitor types:
ƒ
Microsoft® Exchange™ and Microsoft SQL Server Monitor manages the availability of
key application services, rather than just the network visibility of the host server.
ƒ
General application monitoring using Microsoft's WMI monitors any performance
counter value you specify, and triggers an alarm if the value changes, goes out of range,
or undergoes an unexpected rate of change.
For more information, see Using WhatsUp Gold Premium Edition (on page 187).
Assigning active monitors
There are two steps in assigning an active monitor to a device. The first is to configure the
active monitor in the Active Monitor Library, and the second is to add that Monitor to a
device. For most users, the default configuration is sufficient and there is no need to make
any changes to the active monitors in the library.
To configure (add/edit) an active monitor:
1 Open the Active Monitor Library.
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Active Monitor Library.
2 Click New to configure a new Active Monitor,
- or Select a monitor from the list and click Edit to make changes to an existing configuration.
3
The configuration dialog for the selected monitor type appears.
After you make the necessary changes, click OK to add the monitor to the list, or to save
the changes you made to one already on the list.
To assign an active monitor to a device:
Note: If you are assigning an active monitor to a device that uses WMI or SNMP credentials,
make sure that the device has credentials assigned before creating an active monitor for it.
For more information, see Using Credentials (on page 103).
There are a number of ways to assign Active Monitors to devices:
ƒ
Select the Active Monitors you want to scan for during Device Discovery. When you select
the discovered devices and add them to your database, WhatsUp Gold creates a monitor
for each network service found.
ƒ
In the Device Properties Active Monitor dialog, click Discover. WhatsUp Gold scans the
device and creates a monitor for each network service found.
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ƒ
ƒ
Manually assign an active monitor to the device:
1
In the Device Properties Active Monitor dialog, click Add. The Active Monitor
Properties dialog appears.
2
Select the active monitor type you want to assign to the device, then click Next.
3
Set the polling properties for the monitor, then click Next.
4
Setup actions for the monitor state changes.
5
Click Finish to add the monitor to the device.
Add when you create a new device:
1
In the console click File > New > New Device. The Add New Device dialog appears.
- or In the web interface,from the WhatsUp section of the GO menu, click Devices > New
Device. The Add New Device dialog appears.
2
Click Advance. The Device Discovery Properties dialog appears.
3
In the Select Active Monitors to be used in the scan process section, select the
Active Monitors type you want to assign to the device.
4
ƒ
Click OK.
Use Bulk Field Change to add an active monitor to multiple devices:
1
Select the devices in the device list, then right-click on one of the selected items.
2
From the right-click menu, select Bulk Field Change > Active Monitor.
3
Select the active monitor type you want to add.
4
Click OK.
Assigning an action to a monitor
You can assign one or more individual actions to a monitor, or assign an action policy that
may contain multiple actions.
To assign an action to an active monitor:
Note: During the configuration of a new monitor, you are presented with the Action Builder
as part of the wizard. The following set of directions is for existing monitors.
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1
Right-click the device the active monitor is configured on, then click Properties. The
Device Properties dialog appears.
2 Click Active Monitors. The Active Monitors dialog appears.
3 Double-click the monitor on which you want to add actions.
4 Go to the actions properties:
ƒ
From the web interface, in the Active Monitor Properties wizard, click Next.
- or -
From the console, in the Active Monitor Properties dialog, select Actions.
5 Select the Apply individual actions option.
6 Click Add to access the Action Builder wizard.
7 Follow the directions in the Action Builder wizard.
8 At the end of the wizard, click Finish to add the action to the monitor.
9 If you need to add more actions to the monitor, click Add and repeat these directions.
10 Click OK after all actions have been added.
To assign an action policy to an active monitor:
Note: During the configuration of a new device, you are presented with the Action Builder as
part of the wizard. The following instructions are for existing devices.
1
Right-click the device on which the active monitor is configured, then click Properties.
The Device Properties dialog appears.
2 Click Active Monitors. The Active Monitors dialog appears.
3 Double-click the monitor on which you want to add actions.
4 Go to the actions properties:
ƒ
From the web interface, in the Active Monitor Properties wizard, click Next.
- or -
From the console, in the Active Monitor Properties dialog, select Actions.
5 Select the Apply this Action Policy option.
6 Select the action policy you want to use for this device. If you need to create a new
action policy first, click the browse button to access the Action Policies dialog.
7 Click OK to save the changes.
To assign an action to a passive monitor:
1 Right-click the device the on which the passive monitor is configured, then click
Properties. The Device Properties dialog appears.
2 Click Passive Monitors.
3 Double-click the monitor on which you want to add actions. The Passive Monitor
Properties appear.
4 Go to the actions properties:
ƒ
From the web interface, in the Passive Monitor Properties wizard, click Next.
- or -
5
From the console, the Passive Monitor dialog appears.
Click Add to access the Action Builder wizard.
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6
7
8
9
Follow the directions in the Action Builder wizard.
At the end of the wizard, click Finish to add the action to the monitor.
If you need to add more actions to the monitor, click Add and repeat these directions.
Click OK after all actions have been added.
Note: You cannot assign an action policy to a passive monitor.
After an action has been added to the monitor, the action fires when that state reaches the
assigned down state.
Deleting active monitors
Unless you are absolutely sure you need to remove an active monitor Type from the Active
Monitor Library, you should never have to delete an item from this list. If you do, and you find
you need it later, you will have to configure it completely again. This includes the default
types that were added during initial installation of WhatsUp Gold. We recommend that you
only delete the custom monitors that you create.
Caution: When you remove an active monitor type from the library, all active monitors of
that type are deleted from the devices you are monitoring, and all related report data is lost.
The best course of action is to remove the monitors at the device level or to disable the
monitor by clearing the selection on the Device Properties.
To remove a monitor from a device:
1 Right-click the device you want to remove the monitor from, then click Properties. The
Device Properties dialog opens.
2 Click Active Monitors. The Active Monitors attached to the selected device displays in
the list.
3 Select the monitor you want to remove.
4 Click Remove. A warning dialog opens, stating that all data for that monitor will be
deleted if the monitor is removed.
5 Click Yes to remove the monitor.
Note: If you want to stop monitoring an Active Monitor on a device, but want to keep the
historical data, then you must disable the monitor instead of deleting it from a device.
Using the Bulk Field Change feature
To remove an active monitor from multiple devices:
1 Select the devices in the Device View or Map View, then right-click on one of the
selected items. The context menu appears.
2 Select Bulk Field Change > Active Monitor. The Bulk Field Change: Active Monitor
dialog box appears.
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3
4
5
In the Operation list, click Remove.
In the Active Monitor type list, select the active monitor that you want to remove.
Click OK to remove the monitor from the selected devices.
Group and Device active monitor reports
The following reports display information for devices or device groups that have active
monitors configured and enabled. Access these reports from the Reports tab on the web
interface. For more information, see Using Full Reports (on page 257).
ƒ
State Change Acknowledgement
ƒ
Active Monitor Availability
ƒ
Active Monitor Outage
ƒ
Health
ƒ
State Change Timeline
ƒ
State Summary
ƒ
Device Status
Example: monitoring network printer toner levels
To avoid running out of printer ink in the middle of print jobs, or wasting toner by switching
toner cartridges before they are empty, through WhatsUp Gold you can create a custom
SNMP active Monitor that will notify you when toner levels are low.
To configure the printer monitor:
1 From the WhatsUp Gold web interface, click Go > Configure > Active Monitor Library.
The Active Monitor Library dialog appears.
You need to create an active monitor for each printer type in use. It may be that the office
uses the same printer type in each office. In this example, we are using a Hewlett Packard
LaserJet 4050N. Check your network printers for their specific maximum capacity toner
levels.
2 Click New, select SNMP Monitor, then click OK. The Add SNMP Monitor dialog appears.
3 Enter a Name and Description for the monitor. For example, TonerMonitor and Toner
monitor for the Hewlett Packard LaserJet 4050N.
For the Object ID and Instance, click the browse (...) button; then locate and find the
prtMarkerSuppliesLevel (OID 1.3.6.1.2.1.43.11.1.1.9) SNMP object in the MIB
object tree. This SNMP object is found in the MIB tree at:
mgmt > mib 2 > printmib > prtMarkerSupplies > prtMarkerSuppliesEntry
> prtMarkerSuppliesLevel
4 Select Range of Values from the type drop down menu and enter 4600 (the maximum
capacity toner level) as the High value and 100 as the Low Value, then click OK. The
action will fail when the printer toner level reaches 99.
5 Test the newly created active monitor and make appropriate changes if needed.
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6
Assign the active monitor to the printer device, click Device Properties > Active
Monitors.
7 In the active monitor dialog, click Add.
8 During the configuration wizard, create or select an action to notify you when the
printer’s toner levels are low.
9 Repeat steps 6-8 for each network printer that requires monitoring.
Expression Editor
WhatsUp Gold knows the proper connecting commands for checking the standard services
listed on the Services dialog box, but to monitor a custom service, you may want to specify
what commands to send to the service and what responses to expect from the service in
order for WhatsUp Gold to consider the service up. It is up to you to determine the proper
command strings to expect and send for a custom service.
You can use a rule expression to test a string of text for particular patterns.
Script Syntax
You create a script using keywords. In general the Script Syntax is Command=String.
Command is either Send, Expect, SimpleExpect, or Flow Control.
Note: A script can have as many send and receive lines as needed. However, the more you
have, the slower the service checking.
Keywords
ƒ
To send a string to a port, use the Send= keyword.
ƒ
To expect a string from a port, use the SimpleExpect= or the Expect= keyword.
ƒ
To comment out a line, use the # symbol as the first character of the line.
ƒ
To receive conditional responses for errors and successes, use Flow Control Keywords (on
page 167).
Examples
If you have a TCP service to check where you needed to do the following:
ƒ
expect something on connection
ƒ
send a command
ƒ
check for a response
ƒ
send something to disconnect
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Script Syntax: Expect=Keyword
This provides you a great amount of flexibility to accept variable responses and pick out only
the information you need. This is accomplished using special control characters and regular
expressions. If you do not need all this flexibility or are new to writing your own custom
TCP/UDP scripts then you may want to start off using the SimpleExpect keyword first.
There are 4 variations of the Expect Keyword:
ƒ
Expect. Returns true when the expected value is matched.
ƒ
Expect(MatchCase). Only returns true when the case matches the expected value.
ƒ
DontExpect. Returns true when the value is not found.
ƒ
DontExpect(MatchCase). Returns true when the value is not found.
The Expect syntax has the form Expect=Response where the Response is either specified as
an exact text string or a mixture of regular expression rules and text. The Add/Edit Expect
Rule button will help you construct and test a regular expression response string. It will
automatically choose the variation of Expect for you based on options you select in that
dialog. The Add/Edit Expect Rule button does not aid in the generation of SimpleExpect
keywords.
WhatsUp Gold v7 or v8 users: The ~, ^, ! and = = codes have been replaced with variations
on the Expect keyword itself. Migrated definitions will be converted automatically.
Example 1:
#
# Note: script comments start with a # character
#
# Send a simple text command
#
Send = Hello There
#
# Expect a nice response that begins with, "Hi, How are you"
#
Expect=^Hi, How are you
Example 2:
#
# Send a command followed by CR/LF
#
Send=Select * from Accounts\r\n
#
# Expect a large response, but we only care to check that somewhere
# in the response John Doe is mentioned
#
Expect=John Doe
Example 3:
#
# Send a binary escape (27) and an x y and z and then a nak (21)
#
Send=\x1Bxyz\x15
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#
# Expect something that does *not* contain 123 escape (27)
#
DontExpect=123\x1B
Script Syntax: Flow Control Keywords
The script language has been expanded to have conditional responses on "error" or "success"
of a step within the scripts. This is done by using the following keywords.
ƒ
IfState. This checks for the current state (ok or error) and jumps to a label if true.
Valid syntax: IfState {ERR|OK} label
Example:
IfState ERR End
IfState OK Bye
ƒ
Goto. This immediately jumps to a label.
Valid syntax: Goto End
Example:
Goto End
ƒ
Exit. This immediately ends the script with an optional state (ok or error). The optional
state overrides the current state.
Valid syntax: Exit {ERR|OK}
Example:
Exit ERR
Exit OK
ƒ
:Label. This defines a label that can be the target of a jump. A label is defined by a single
word beginning with the ":" character.
Valid syntax: :(with a name following)
Example:
Bye
ƒ
OnError. This allows for a global handling of an error situation
Valid Syntax: OnError {EXIT|CONTINUE|GOTO} label
Example:
OnError EXIT (Default behavior)
OnError CONTINUE
OnError GOTO Logoff
Script Syntax: Send=Keyword
To Send command on a connection, use a Send=keyword. The form is Send=Command. The
Command is exactly the message you want to send. You may use a combination of literal
characters and binary representations.
WhatsUp Gold understands the C0 set of ANSI 7-bit control characters. A Binary can be
represented as \x##, where the ## is a hexadecimal value. Those familiar with the table may
also choose to use shorthand such as \A (\x01) or \W (\x17)
You can also use \r and \n as the conventions for sending the carriage return and line feed
control characters to terminate a line.
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The following table shows the keywords you can use.
Keyword
Description
\x##
Binary value in Hexadecimal. For example, \x1B is escape
\\
The "\" character
\t
The tab character (\x09)
\r
The return character (\x0D)
\n
The new line character \x0A)
WhatsUp Gold versions 7 and 8 users: The %### decimal syntax for specifying binary octets
has been replaced with the \x## hexidecimal syntax.
Example 1:
#
# Note: script comments start with a # character
#
# Send a simple text command
#
Send=Hello There
Example 2:
#
# Send a command followed by CR/LF
#
Send=Select * from Accounts\r\n
Example 3:
#
# Send a binary escape (27) an x y and z and then a nak (21)
#
Send=\x1Bxyz\x15
Script Syntax: SimpleExpect Keyword
The SimpleExpect Keyword lets you specify expected responses from your server. Responses
can even be binary (i.e. non-printable ASCII character) responses. If you know exactly (or even
approximately) what to expect you can construct a simple expect response string to match
against.
This keyword allows you some flexibility in accepting variable responses and picking out only
the information you need. If you need additional flexibility you may want to consider using
the regular expression syntax available in the Expect Keyword.
The SimpleExpect form is SimpleExpect=Response. Where the response is just a series of
characters you expect back from the service. The following table displays keywords that
match logic and wildcards to compare responses byte-by-byte expanding escape codes as
you go.
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Command Options:
Keyword
Description
\x##
Binary value (in Hexidecimal) for example \x00 is null
.
Matches any character
\%
The "%" character
\.
The "." character
\\
The "\" character
Note: Only the number of characters specified in the expect string are used to match the
response. The response is expected to start with these characters. Any extra trailing
characters received are just ignored.
Example 1:
#
# Note: script comments start with a # character
#
# Send=Hello There
#
# Expect a nice response
#
SimpleExpect=Hi, how are you?
Example 2:
#
# Send a command followed by CR/LF
#
Send=Select * from Accounts\r\n
#
# Expect a large response, be we only care to check that first word
# received is "Customer"
#
SimpleExpect=Customer
Example 3:
#
# Send a binary escape (27) an x y and z and then a nak (21)
#
Send=\x1B\x15
#
# Expect any byte (we don't care) then an abc and an ack (6)
#
SimpleExpect=.abc\x06
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Send to disconnect examples
For a service like FTP, this would be QUIT/r/n. If a command string is not specified, the
connection is closed by sending a FIN packet and then an RST packet.
The /r (carriage return) and /n (line feed) are the conventions for sending these control
characters to terminate a string. You can use:
ƒ
/r = 0x0a
ƒ
/n = 0x0d
ƒ
/t = 0x09 or /xnn where nn is any hexadecimal value from 00 to FF
The disconnect string is:
Send=QUIT/r/n
Regular Expression syntax
This table lists the meta-characters understood by the WhatsUp Gold Regex Engine.
Matching a Single Character
Meta-character
Matches
.
dot
Matches any one character
[...]
character class
Matches any character inside the brackets.
Example, [abc] matches "a", "b", and "c"
[^...]
negated character class
Matches any character except those inside the brackets.
Example, [^abc] matches all characters except "a", "b",
and "c".
See below for alternate use - the way ^ is used controls
its meaning.
-
dash
Used within a character class. Indicates a range of
characters.
Example: [2-7] matches any of the digits "2" through "7".
Example: [0-3a-d] is equivalent to [0123abcd]
\
escaped character
Interpret the next character literally.
Example: 3\.14 matches only "3.14". whereas 3.14
matches "3214", "3.14", "3z14", etc.
\xnn
binary character
Match a single binary character. nn is a hexadecimal
value between 00 and FF.
Example: \x41 matches "A"
Example: \x0B matches Vertical Tab
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Quantifiers
Meta-character
Matches
?
question
One optional. The preceding expression once or not at
all.
Example: colou?r matches "colour" or "color"
Example: [0-3][0-5]? matches "2" and "25"
*
star
Any number allowed, but are optional.
Example: .* Zero or more occurrences of any character
+
plus
One required, additional are optional.
Example, [0-9]+ matches "1", "15", "220", and so on
"Non-greedy" versions of ?, +, and *. Match as little as
possible, whereas the "greedy" versions match as much
as possible
Example: For input string <html>content</html>
<.*?> matches <html>
<.*> matches <html>content</html>
??, +?, *?
Matching Position
Meta-character
Matches
^
caret
Matches the position at the start of the input.
Example: ^2 will only match input that begins with "2".
Example: ^[45] will only match input that begins with "4"
or "5"
$
dollar
At the end of a regular expression, this character matches
the end of the input.
Example: >$ matches a ">" at the end of the input.
Other
Meta-character
Matches
|
alternation
Matches either expression it separates.
Example: H|Cat matches either "Hat" or "Cat"
(...)
parentheses
Provides grouping for quantifiers, limits scope of
alternation via precedence.
Example: (abc)* matches 0 or more occurrences of the
the string abc
Example: WhatsUp (Gold)|(Professional) matches
"WhatsUp Gold" or "WhatsUp Professional"
\0, \1, ... backreference
!
negation
Matches text previously matched within first, second,
etc, match group (starting at 0).
Example: <{head}>.*?</\0> matches
"<head>xxx</head>".
The expression following ! does not match the input
Example: a!b matches "a" not followed by "b".
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Abbreviations
Abbreviations are shorthand Meta-characters.
Abbreviation
Matches
\a
Any alphanumeric character: ([a-zA-Z0-9])
\b
White space (blank): ([ \\t])
\c
Any alphabetic character: ([a-zA-Z])
\d
Any decimal digit: [0-9]
\D
Any non decimal digit [^0-9]
\h
Any hexadecimal digit: ([0-9a-fA-F])
\n
Newline: (\r|(\r?\n))
\p
Any punctuation character: ,./\';:"[email protected]#$%^&*()[]{}- _=+|<>!~
\P
Any non-punctuation character
\q
A quoted string: (\"[^\"]*\")|(\'[^\']*\')
\s
WhatsUp Gold style white space character [ \\t\\n\\r\\f\\v]
\S
WhatsUp Gold style non-white space character [^ \\t\\n\\r\\f\\v]
\w
Part-of-word character ([a-zA-Z0-9_])
\W
Non-word character ([^a-zA-Z0-9_])
\z
An integer: ([0-9]+)
Text string example
Example 1
To check an IRC (Internet Relay Chat) service, you can send the command Version/r/n and
the expected response from the IRC service is: irc.
Name: IRC; Port: 6667; TCP.
Send=Version/r/n
Expect=irc
Send=QUIT/r/n
Note: You can use Telnet to find the proper value for SimpleExpect, or an Expect string for a
particular service. Packet Capture tools can also be very useful.
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Using Telnet to determine "Expect on Connect" string
Telnet to the desired port on the host when you are certain it is working properly, and see
what comes back. You can enter just an identifying portion of a SimpleExpect or Expect
keyword.
For example, if you expect to get "220 hostname.domain.com Imail v1.3" back from the host,
you could use "220 host" as a response string (i.e. SimpleExpect=220 host, or
Expect=^220 host).
Note: Some services are based on binary protocols (such as DNS) and will not provide you
with a simple response string to use. You can use a packet capture tool to view these types of
responses.
Using the Active Script Monitor
The Active Script Monitors let you write either VBScript or JScript code to perform a check on
a device. If the script returns an error code, the monitor is considered down.
Note: Please be aware that Ipswitch does not support the scripts that you create, only the
ability to use them in the Active Script Monitor.
ƒ
Name. The name of the monitor as it appears in the Active Monitor Library.
ƒ
Description. The description of the monitor as it appears in the Active Monitor Library.
ƒ
Timeout. The amount of time (in seconds) WhatsUp Gold should wait for a response to
the poll.
Note: Though the maximum timeout is 60 seconds, you are highly discouraged from using a
timeout longer than the default of 10 seconds. You are encouraged to use the shortest
timeout possible.
ƒ
Script type. Select the scripting language you want to use to write this script (either
VBScript or JScript).
ƒ
Script text. Write or insert your monitor code here.
ƒ
Use in discovery. Select this option to have the monitor appear in the Active Monitor list
during discovery. From there, you can select the monitor to have WhatsUp Gold discover
that monitor type in your devices.
This script monitor has a context object that you can use to poll for specific information about
the device in context. For more information, see Using the Active Script Monitor context object
(on page 174).
We have provided several code samples for you to create useful active script monitors for
your devices. For more information, see Examples: Active Script Monitor context code (on page
177)
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All script features in WhatsUp Gold utilize the SNMP API. For more information, see Using the
SNMP API (on page 381).
Using the Active Script Monitor context object
The context object is available to the script programmer when scripts are executing. It
delivers context aspects of the device that it is operating upon. All methods and properties
are retrieved using the Context namespace.
We have provided several code samples for you to create useful Active Script Monitors for
your devices.
Methods
Method description
LogMessage(sText)
This method allows for a message to be written to the WhatsUp
Gold debug log.
Example:
JScript:
Context.LogMessage( "Checking Monitor name using
Context.GetProperty()");
VBScript:
Context.LogMessage "Checking Address using
Context.GetProperty()"
PutProperty(sPropertyName) This method allows you to store a value in the INMSerialize object.
This value is retained across polls.
Example:
JScript:
var nCount = parselnt(nNum) +1;
Context.PutProperty("MyNumeric",nCount);
SetResult(nCode, sText)
This method allows for a result code and result message to be set.
This is how you can tell the WhatsUp Gold system if the monitor
succeeded or not.
Important: Every script should have a result, otherwise it will report
back positively.
Example:
JScript:
Context.SetResult(0, "
Context.SetResult(1, "
//Failure
Everything is OK"); //Success
Really big big error");
VBScript:
Context.SetResult 1, "
Really big big error"
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Properties
Property
Description
GetProperty(sPropertyName) This property offers access to many device specific
aspects. You obtain access to these items using the names
listed. These names are case sensitive.
GetDB
Property
Description
"ActiveMonitorTypeName"
The active monitor
display name
"Address"
The IP address of the
device
"DeviceID"
The device ID
"Mode"
1 = doing discovery
2 = polling
3 = test
"ActiveMonitorTypeID"
The active monitor's
type ID
"CredSnmpV1:ReadCommunity"
SNMP V1 Read
community
"CredSnmpV1:WriteCommunity"
SNMP V1 Write
community
"CredSnmpV2:ReadCommunity"
SNMP V2 Read
community
"CredSnmpV2:WriteCommunity"
SNMP V2 Write
community
"CredSnmpV3:Username"
SNMP V3 Username
"CredSnmpV3:Context"
SNMP V3 Context
"CredSnmpV3:AuthPassword"
SNMP V3
Authentication
password
"CredSnmpV3:AuthProtocol"
SNMP V3
Authentication
protocol
"CredSnmpV3:EncryptPassword"
SNMP V3 Encrypt
password
"CredSnmpV3:EncryptProtocol"
SNMP V3 Encrypt
protocol
"CredWindows:DomainAndUserid"
Windows NT Domain
and User ID
"CredWindows:Password"
Windows NT Password
This property returns an open connection to the WhatsUp
Gold database.
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GetProperty Examples
JScript:
var sAddress = Context.GetProperty("Address");
var sReadCommunity = Context.GetProperty("CredSnmpV1:ReadCommunity");
var nDeviceID = Context.GetProperty("DeviceID");
JScript:
//Sending log message to the WhatsUp Event Viewer
Context.LogMessage ( "Checking Mode flag");
var nFlag = Context.GetProperty("Mode");
if (nFlag == 1)
{
Context.LogMessage ("Doing a discovery");
}
else if (nFlag == 2)
{
Context.LogMessage ("Doing a poll");
}
else if (nFlag == 3)
{
Context.LogMessage ("Must be just a test.");
}
else
{
Context.LogMessage ("Do not know the mode.");
}
//Set the result code of the check (0=Success, 1=Error)
Context.SetResult (0, "No error");
GetDB Examples
This example gets the Open connection and reads some values out of the WhatsUp Gold
"Device" table using the deviceID context. Refer to the WhatsUp Gold Database Schema for
more information about the WhatsUp Gold schema.
var oDb = Context.GetDB;
if (null == oDb)
{
Context.SetResult( 1, " Problem creating the PRO DB object");
}
else
{
var oRs = new ActiveXObject("ADODB.Recordset");
// Get the device ID
var nDeviceID = Context.GetProperty("DeviceID");
var sSql = "SELECT * from Device WHERE nDeviceID = " + nDeviceID;
oRs = oDb.Execute(sSql);
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if ( !oRs.EOF )
{
var sDisplay;
sDisplay = "" + oRs("sDisplayName");
Context.LogMessage("Display Name=" + sDisplay);
sDisplay = "" + oRs("nWorstStateID");
Context.LogMessage("WorstStateID=" + sDisplay);
sDisplay = "" + oRs("sNote");
Context.LogMessage("Note=" + sDisplay);
sDisplay = "" + oRs("sStatus");
Context.LogMessage("Status=" + sDisplay);
}
Context.SetResult( 0, " Ok");
}
Examples: Active Script Monitor context code
The following table lists several active script monitor context code examples that you can use
to create useful active monitors for your devices. To use these examples, select the text of the
context and then copy and paste the code into the Script text box of the Active Script
Monitor dialog.
Note: You may have to remove the copyright information from the cut and paste if it appears
when you copy from this help file.
Sample Monitor 1
To return the results of the script to WhatsUp Gold.
Note: This affects the state of the device.
JScript:
Context.SetResult(0, "Everything is OK"); //Success
Context.SetResult(1, "Really big big error"); //Failure
VBScript:
Context.SetResult 1, "Really big big error"
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Sample Monitor 2
To log a message to the WhatsUp Gold event viewer.
Note: In order to view Context.LogMessage entries, the Debug On option in the event
viewer must be selected.
JScript:
Context.LogMessage("This is the message");
Sample Monitor 3
To access the Device ID.
JScript:
var nDeviceID = Context.GetProperty("DeviceID");
Sample Monitor 4
Accessing the IP address of the device.
JScript:
var sAddress = Context.GetProperty("Address");
Sample Monitor 5
To access the device credentials.
Note: All passwords are decrypted.
JScript:
var sV1ReadCommunity = Context.GetProperty("CredSnmpV1:ReadCommunity");
var sV1WriteCommunity =
Context.GetProperty("CredSnmpV1:WriteCommunity");
var sV2ReadCommunity = Context.GetProperty("CredSnmpV2:ReadCommunity");
var sV2WriteCommunity =
Context.GetProperty("CredSnmpV2:WriteCommunity");
var sV3UserName = Context.GetProperty("CredSnmpV3:Username");
var sV3Context = Context.GetProperty("CredSnmpV3:Context");
var sV3AuthPassword = Context.GetProperty("CredSnmpV3:AuthPassword");
var nV3Authprotocol = Context.GetProperty("CredSnmpV3:AuthProtocol");
var sV3EncryptPassword =
Context.GetProperty("CredSnmpV3:EncryptPassword");
var nV3EncryptProtocol =
Context.GetProperty("CredSnmpV3:EncryptProtocol");
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var sNTUsername = Context.GetProperty("CredWindows:DomainAndUserid");
var sNTPassword = Context.GetProperty("CredWindows:Password");
Sample Monitor 6
To access the WhatsUp Gold database.
This sample uses the device ID in context and accesses the 'Device' table.
JScript:
// Get the Open DB connection from the Context NameSpace
var oDb = Context.GetDB;
if (null == oDb)
{
Context.SetResult( 1, " Problem creating the PRO DB object");
}
else
{
// Get the device ID
var nDeviceID = Context.GetProperty("DeviceID");
// Retrieve all columns for this device.
var sSql = "SELECT * from Device WHERE nDeviceID = " + nDeviceID;
var oRs = oDb.Execute(sSql);
if ( !oRs.EOF )
{
// Display various columns in the debug log (Event Viewer).
var sDisplay;
sDisplay = "" + oRs("sDisplayName");
Context.LogMessage("Display Name=" + sDisplay);
sDisplay = "" + oRs("nWorstStateID");
Context.LogMessage("WorstStateID=" + sDisplay);
sDisplay = "" + oRs("sNote");
Context.LogMessage("Note=" + sDisplay);
sDisplay = "" + oRs("sStatus");
Context.LogMessage("Status=" + sDisplay);
}
Context.SetResult( 0, "
Ok");
}
Sample Monitor 7
Using WMI, see who is currently logged on to a device.
You can set the monitor to be down if the logged on user is not the expected user. In this
case, if no one is logged on, then the monitor is assumed up.
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VBScript:
sComputer = Context.GetProperty("Address")
nDeviceID = Context.GetProperty("DeviceID")
'Assuming ICMP is not blocked and there's a ping monitor on the device, we want
to
'perform the actual check only if the Ping monitor is up. ConnectServer method
of
'the SWbemLocator has a long time out so it would be good to avoid unnecessary
tries.
'Please note: there's no particular polling order of active monitors on a
device.
'During each polling cycle, it's possible that this monitor could be polled
before
'Ping is polled. If the network connection just goes down but Ping is not polled
yet,
'and therefore still has an up state, this active monitor will still do an
actual
'check and experience a real down. But for the subsequent polls, it won't be
doing a
'real check (ConnectServer won't be called) as Ping monitor has a down state,
and this
'monitor will be assumed down.
If IsPingUp(nDeviceID) = false Then
Context.SetResult 1,"Actual check was not performed due to ping being down.
Automatically set to down."
Else
sAdminName = Context.GetProperty("CredWindows:DomainAndUserid")
sAdminPasswd = Context.GetProperty("CredWindows:Password")
sLoginUser = GetCurrentLoginUser(sComputer, sAdminName, sAdminPasswd)
sExpectedUser = "administrator"
If Not IsNull(sLoginUser) Then
If instr(1,sLoginUser, sExpectedUser,1) > 0 Then
Context.SetResult 0,"Current login user is " & sLoginUser
ElseIf sLoginUser = " " Then
Context.SetResult 0,"No one is currently logged in."
Else
Context.SetResult 1,"an unexpected user " & sLoginUser & " has logged in " &
sComputer
End If
End If
End If
'Check if Ping monitor on the device specified by nDeviceID is up.
'If nDeviceID is not available as it's in the case during discovery, then assume
'ping is up.
'If ping monitor is not on the device, then assume it's up so the real check
will be
'performed.
Function IsPingUp(nDeviceID)
If nDeviceID > -1 Then
'get the Ping monitor up state.
sSqlGetUpState = "SELECT sStateName from PivotActiveMonitorTypeToDevice as P
join " & _
"ActiveMonitorType as A on P.nActiveMonitorTypeID=A.nActiveMonitorTypeID " & _
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"join MonitorState as M on P.nMonitorStateID = M.nMonitorStateID " & _
"where nDeviceID=" & nDeviceID & " and A.sMonitorTypeName='Ping' and " & _
" P.bRemoved=0"
Set oDBconn = Context.GetDB
Set oStateRS = CreateObject("ADODB.Recordset")
' oStateRS.ActiveConnection = oDBconn
' oStateRS.CursorType =3 'adOpenStatic cursorType
oStateRS.Open sSqlGetUpState,oDBconn,3
'if recordset is empty then
If oStateRS.RecordCount = 1 Then
If instr(1,oStateRS("sStateName"),"up",1) > 0 Then
IsPingUp = true
Else
IsPingUP = false
End If
Else
'if there's no ping on the device, then just assume up, so regular
check will happen.
IsPingUp= true
End If
oStateRS.Close
oDBconn.Close
Set oStateRS = Nothing
Set oDBconn = Nothing
Else
'assume up, since there's no device yet. It's for scanning during discovery.
IsPingUP = true
End If
End Function
'Try to get the current login user name.
Function GetCurrentLoginUser(sComputer, sAdminName, sAdminPasswd)
GetCurrentLoginUser=Null
Set oSWbemLocator = CreateObject("WbemScripting.SWbemLocator")
On Error Resume Next
Set oSWbemServices = oSWbemLocator.ConnectServer _
(sComputer, "root\cimv2",sAdminName,sAdminPasswd)
If Err.Number <> 0 Then
Context.LogMessage("The 1st try to connect to " & sComputer & " failed. Err:" &
Err.Description)
Err.Clear
'If the specified user name and password for WMI connection
failed, then
'try to connect without user name and password. Can't specify user name
'and password when connecting to local machine.
On Error Resume Next
Set oSWbemServices = oSWbemLocator.ConnectServer(sComputer,
"root\cimv2")
If Err.Number <> 0 Then
Err.Clear
On Error Resume Next
Context.SetResult 1,"Failed to access " & sComputer & " " & _
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"using username:" & sAdminName & " password."
Err.Description
Exit Function
End If
End If
& " Err:
" &
Set colSWbemObjectSet =
oSWbemServices.InstancesOf("Win32_ComputerSystem")
For Each oSWbemObject In colSWbemObjectSet
On Error Resume Next
'Context.SetResult 0,"User Name: " & oSWbemObject.UserName & " at " &
sComputer
sCurrentLoginUser = oSWbemObject.UserName
Err.Clear
Next
If Cstr(sCurrentLoginUser) ="" Then
GetCurrentLoginUser = " "
Else
GetCurrentLoginUser = sCurrentLoginUser
End If
Set oSWbemServices = Nothing
Set oSWbemLocator = Nothing
End Function
Sample Monitor 8
Use SNMP to monitor the total bandwidth utilization on an interface (in and out octets) by
polling values of the interface MIB.
JScript:
// Settings for this monitor:
// the interface index ifIndex:
var nInterfaceIndex = 65540;
// this monitor will fail if the interface utilization goes above this current
ratio:
// current bandwidth / maxBandwidth > nMaxInterfaceUtilizationRatio
var nMaxInterfaceUtilizationRatio = 0.7; // Set to 70%
// Create an SNMP object, that will poll the device.
var oSnmpRqst = new ActiveXObject("CoreAsp.SnmpRqst");
// Get the device ID
var nDeviceID = Context.GetProperty("DeviceID");
// This function polls the device returns the ifSpeed of the inteface indexed by
nIfIndex.
// ifSpeed is in bits per second.
function getIfSpeed(nIfIndex)
{
var oResult = oSnmpRqst.Initialize(nDeviceID);
if(oResult.Failed)
{
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return null;
}
return parseInt(SnmpGet("1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.5." + nIfIndex)); // ifSpeed
}
// Function to get SNMP ifInOctets for the interface indexed by nIfIndex (in
bytes).
// Returns the value polled upon success, null in case of failure.
function getInOctets(nIfIndex)
{
var oResult = oSnmpRqst.Initialize(nDeviceID);
if(oResult.Failed)
{
return null;
}
return parseInt(SnmpGet("1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.10." + nIfIndex)); // inOctets
}
// Function to get SNMP ifOutOctets for the interface indexed by nIfIndex (in
bytes).
// Returns the value polled upon success, null in case of failure.
function getOutOctets(nIfIndex)
{
var oResult = oSnmpRqst.Initialize(nDeviceID);
if(oResult.Failed)
{
return null;
}
return parseInt(SnmpGet("1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.16." + nIfIndex)); // outOctets
}
// Helper function to get a specific SNMP object (OID in sOid).
// Returns the value polled upon success, null in case of failure.
function SnmpGet(sOid)
{
var oResult = oSnmpRqst.Get(sOid);
if(oResult.Failed)
{
return null;
}
else
{
return oResult.GetPayload;
}
}
// Get the current date. It will be used as a reference date for the SNMP polls.
var oDate = new Date();
var nPollDate = parseInt(oDate.getTime()); // get the date in millisec in an
integer.
// Do the actual polling:
var nInOctets = getInOctets(nInterfaceIndex);
var nOutOctets = getOutOctets(nInterfaceIndex);
var nIfSpeed = getIfSpeed(nInterfaceIndex);
if (nInOctets == null || nOutOctets == null || nIfSpeed == null)
{
Context.SetResult(1, "Failure to poll this device.");
}
else
{
var nTotalOctets = nInOctets + nOutOctets;
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// Retrieve the octets value and date of the last poll saved in a context
variable:
var nInOutOctetsMonitorPreviousPolledValue =
Context.GetProperty("nInOutOctetsMonitorPreviousPolledValue");
var nInOutOctetsMonitorPreviousPollDate =
Context.GetProperty("nInOutOctetsMonitorPreviousPollDate");
if (nInOutOctetsMonitorPreviousPolledValue == null ||
nInOutOctetsMonitorPreviousPollDate
== null)
{
// the context variable has never been set, this is the first time we are
polling.
Context.LogMessage("This monitor requires two polls.");
Context.SetResult(0, "success");
}
else
{
// compute the bandwidth that was used between this poll and the previous poll
var nIntervalSec = (nPollDate - nInOutOctetsMonitorPreviousPollDate)/1000; //
time since
last poll in seconds
var nCurrentBps = (nTotalOctets nInOutOctetsMonitorPreviousPolledValue) * 8 /
nIntervalSec;
Context.LogMessage( "total octets for interface " + nInterfaceIndex + "
= " + nTotalOctets)
;
Context.LogMessage( "previous value = " +
nInOutOctetsMonitorPreviousPolledValue);
Context.LogMessage("difference: " + (nTotalOctets nInOutOctetsMonitorPreviousPolledValue)
+ " bytes");
Context.LogMessage("Interface Speed: " + nIfSpeed + "bps");
Context.LogMessage("time elapsed since last poll: " + nIntervalSec +
"s");
Context.LogMessage("Current Bandwidth utilization: "+ nCurrentBps +
"bps");
if (nCurrentBps/nIfSpeed > nMaxInterfaceUtilizationRatio)
{
Context.SetResult(1, "Failure: bandwidth used on this interface " +
nCurrentBps + "bps
/ total available: " + nIfSpeed + "bps is above the specified ratio:
" +
nMaxInterfaceUtilizationRatio);
}
else
{
Context.SetResult(0, "Success");
}
}
// Save this poll information in the context variables:
Context.PutProperty("nInOutOctetsMonitorPreviousPolledValue",
nTotalOctets)
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Context.PutProperty("nInOutOctetsMonitorPreviousPollDate", nPollDate);
}
Sample Monitor 9
To monitor an SNMP agent running on a non standard port (the standard SNMP port is 161).
JScript:
var nSNMPPort = 1234; // change this value to the port your agent is running on
var oSnmpRqst = new ActiveXObject("CoreAsp.SnmpRqst");
// Get the device ID
var nDeviceID = Context.GetProperty("DeviceID");
// Initialize the SNMP request object
var oResult = oSnmpRqst.Initialize(nDeviceID);
if(oResult.Failed)
{
Context.SetResult(1, oResult.GetPayload);
}
else
{
// Set the request destination port.
var oResult = oSnmpRqst.SetPort(nSNMPPort);
// Get sysDescr.
var oResult = oSnmpRqst.Get("1.3.6.1.2.1.1.1.0");
if (oResult.Failed)
{
Context.SetResult(1, "Failed to poll device using port " + nSNMPPort + ".
Error=" +
oResult.GetPayload);
}
else
{
Context.SetResult(0, "SUCCESS. Detected an SNMP agent running on port " +
nSNMPPort );
}
}
Sample Monitor 10
To access SNMP using WhatsUp PRO CoreAsp.dll Interface DLL.
This code sample uses WhatsUp PRO CoreAsp.dll and uses the SnmpRqst interface.
JScript:
var oSnmpRqst = new ActiveXObject("CoreAsp.SnmpRqst");
// Get the device ID
var nDeviceID = Context.GetProperty("DeviceID");
//
// Function to get SNMP details
//
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function getSnmpDetails()
{
var oResult = oSnmpRqst.Initialize(nDeviceID);
if(oResult.Failed)
{
return null;
}
var oReturnArray = new Array();
oReturnArray["sysDescr"] = SnmpGet("1.3.6.1.2.1.1.1.0"); // sysDescr
if(oReturnArray["sysDescr"] == null)
{
return null;
}
oReturnArray["objectID"] = SnmpGet("1.3.6.1.2.1.1.2.0"); // objectID
oReturnArray["sysUpTime"] = SnmpGet("1.3.6.1.2.1.1.3.0"); // sysUpTime
oReturnArray["sysContact"] = SnmpGet("1.3.6.1.2.1.1.4.0"); // sysContact
oReturnArray["sysName"] = SnmpGet("1.3.6.1.2.1.1.5.0"); // sysName
oReturnArray["sysLocation"] = SnmpGet("1.3.6.1.2.1.1.6.0"); //
sysLocation
return oReturnArray;
}
//
// Helper function to get specific OID
//
function SnmpGet(sOid)
{
var oResult = oSnmpRqst.Get(sOid);
if(oResult.Failed)
{
return null;
}
else
{
return oResult.GetPayload;
}
}
//
// Get the SNMP details for the device that we passed in via the
Context.
//
var oSNMPDetails = getSnmpDetails();
if(oSNMPDetails != null)
{
Context.LogMessage( "SNMP Details");
Context.LogMessage( " sysDescr=" + oSNMPDetails["sysDescr"]);
Context.LogMessage( " objectID=" + oSNMPDetails["objectID"]);
Context.LogMessage( " sysUpTime=" + oSNMPDetails["sysUpTime"]);
Context.LogMessage( " sysContact=" + oSNMPDetails["sysContact"]);
Context.LogMessage( " sysName=" + oSNMPDetails["sysName"]);
Context.LogMessage( " sysLocation=" + oSNMPDetails["sysLocation"]);
// Set success
Context.SetResult(0, "Device is SNMP enabled." );
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}
else
{
// Set an error
Context.SetResult(1, "Device is not SNMP enabled.");
}
Using premium monitors
WhatsUp Gold Premium Edition provides all of the network monitoring capabilities of
WhatsUp Gold and extends the product to allow additional monitoring capabilities,
including:
ƒ
Microsoft® Exchange™ and Microsoft SQL Server monitors let you manage the availability
of key application services, rather than just the network visibility of the host server.
ƒ
General application monitoring using Microsoft's WMI lets you monitor any performance
counter value and trigger an alarm if the value changes, goes out of range, or experiences
an unexpected rate of change.
ƒ
Email monitor lets you periodically verify that mail servers are not only up, but are
receiving and delivering messages properly.
Monitoring a Microsoft Exchange Server
The Exchange Monitor t lets you monitor the Microsoft® Exchange™ Server application. The
Exchange Monitor provides real-time information about the state and health of Microsoft
Exchange servers on your network.
The Exchange Monitor supports monitoring of Microsoft Exchange Server 2000 or later
versions, which can be on any machine in your network.
To create custom parameters to monitor, the Exchange Server host must be WMI-enabled.
Why use it?
WhatsUp Gold can monitor and report the status of the standard services associated with any
mail server, such as SMTP, POP3, and IMAP. If any of these services fail, your users will be
unable to get mail. It is a good idea to set up monitoring on these services so that you are the
first to know if they fail. The Exchange Monitor extends monitoring to parameters reported
by Microsoft Exchange, allowing you to get an early warning of a degradation in
performance. For example, you can monitor the SMTP queues to see if performance is within
an expected range, and if not, you can intervene before the SMTP service fails. In other words,
you can detect a looming problem before it causes an application or service failure.
How to get started using the Exchange Monitor
This topic describes the overall process of configuring an Exchange Monitor, assigning it to a
device, and getting feedback from the monitor.
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A basic approach to using the Exchange Monitor:
1
2
3
Determine which Exchange parameters to monitor.
Determine which Exchange services to monitor.
Decide whether to create a single monitor with multiple parameters and services, several monitors with one parameter or service, or some combination.
To start, it may be simpler to create one monitor for each parameter or service that you
want to monitor. Whether you set up one monitor or many has a bearing on how the
information is reported in WhatsUp Gold logs and by actions. For example, a single
monitor to check disk space, named ExchangeDisk, is reported in logs with this name. If
ExchangeDisk is reported down, you know it's a disk space problem.
4 Configure an Exchange Monitor with your selected parameters and/or services.
5 Add the Exchange Monitor to the device that represents your Microsoft Exchange
server.
6 Set up an Action to tell you when the monitor goes down or comes back up.
Note: The monitor will be reported down if any of the parameters or services in that monitor
are down.
Configuring an Exchange Monitor
To configure an instance of the Exchange Monitor:
1 Go to the Active Monitor Library:
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Active Monitor Library.
- or -
ƒ
From the main menu bar of the console, select Configure > Active Monitor Library.
The Active Monitor Library appears.
Tip: The Active Monitor Library is the starting point for creating any Active Monitor in
WhatsUp Gold. This dialog shows all of the Active Monitors in your database.
2
Add an Exchange monitor:
a) Click New. The Select Active Monitor Type dialog appears.
b) Select Exchange Monitor from the list. The New Exchange Monitor Server dialog
appears.
c) In the Name box, enter the name you want to use to identify this instance of the
Exchange monitor. For example, if you are configuring a monitor to check disk space,
you might enter ExchangeDisk.
d) In the Description box, enter any text information to further describe the monitor.
e) Select the thresholds to add to the monitor. For more information about specific
thresholds, see Exchange parameters (on page 189).
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f) Select the services to monitor. For more information about specific services, see
Exchange services (on page 190).
g) Click OK to save the monitor in the Active Monitor Library.
3 Add the monitor to your Exchange Server device.
a) In your device list, find the device that represents the Exchange server. Right-click the
device, then select Properties. Select Active Monitors.
b) Click Add. The Active Monitor wizard appears.
Select the monitor, and continue with the wizard to configure any actions for the
monitor.
For more information on setting up an action, see Configuring an action (on page 130).
If you select Use in discovery, WhatsUp Gold adds the monitor to the Active Monitors
list. From that list, you can select to scan for that service on all applications found during
discovery.
Exchange parameters
You can set thresholds on the following parameters:
Select this parameter:
If you want to:
CPU
Monitor CPU state on the Exchange host.
Memory
Monitor free memory on the Exchange host.
Disk
Monitor available disk space on the Exchange host.
System
Monitor operating system performance on the Exchange host,
including context switches, CPU queue length, and system calls.
Links
Monitor message-handling links between mail servers. A link can
contain zero or more ExchangeQueue objects, depending on the
current message traffic along the link. In the Exchange System
Manager, these links are called queues.
Queues
Monitor the dynamic queues created to transfer individual messages
between mail servers. An ExchangeQueue is part of an ExchangeLink.
ExchangeQueue objects are not the same as the queues listed in the
Exchange System Manager.
Cluster
Monitor the state of the clustered resources on the Exchange server.
This parameter will return a value of Unknown - 0; OK - 1; Warning - 2;
Error - 3.
Custom Thresholds
Browse and select from the large number of additional parameters
that Microsoft Exchange reports.
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Exchange services
You can monitor the following critical Exchange services to determine whether the service is
available (Up) or is disabled (Down).
Select this process:
If you want to:
Information Store
Monitor the MAPI message store service. The information store can contain
messages, forms, documents, and other information created by users and
applications. It provides each user with a server-based mailbox and stores
public folder contents.
Site Replication
Service
Monitor the Site Replication service.
Management
Monitor the Management service.
MTA Stacks
Monitor the Mail Transport Agent (MTA) service. The MTA service provides the
engine for sending messages and distributing information between Microsoft
Exchange Server systems or between Microsoft Exchange Server and a foreign
system. Each MTA is associated with one information store. It is accessed using
MAPI calls only and has no direct programmer interface with Microsoft
Exchange Server. The MTA conforms to the 1988 X.400 specification.
System Attendant
Monitor the System Attendant service.
Routing Engine
Monitor the Routing Engine, which determines the routes for delivering
messages to remote addresses. It forwards the message to remote Exchange
addresses using SMTP. If some addresses are on a foreign messaging system,
the routing engine assigns the message to a gateway that handles the address
type of the recipient and passes the message to the message transfer agent
(MTA).
Event
Monitor the Event service, which reports warnings and errors.
POP3
Monitor the POP3 service, which lets a mail client access mail on the server.
IMAP4
Monitor the IMAP4 service, which lets a mail client access mail on the server.
Example: Exchange Server monitor
To monitor what is happening with the operating system on the Exchange server, you can
create a monitor called ExchangeSystemCheck and add several parameters. The purpose of
this monitor is to give an indication of the general state of the system on which your
Exchange server is running. To this end, you can configure the monitor to check thresholds
for the CPU, Memory, and System parameters. The monitor will also check the state of the
System Attendant service.
1
Open the Active Monitor Library.
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Active Monitor Library. The Active
Monitor Library appears.
2 Click New. The Select Active Monitor Type dialog appears.
3 Select Exchange Monitor and click OK. The New Exchange Server Monitor dialog
appears.
a) In the Name box, enter ExchangeSystemCheck to identify that this monitor will do a
check on system parameters.
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b) Under Thresholds to monitor, select the CPU, Memory, and System parameters; then
under Services to monitor, select the System Attendant service. Make sure these
items have a check in the box to the left. You need to clear the selections for the other
parameters and also for the other processes.
c) Select the CPU parameter, then click Configure. The CPU Threshold dialog opens.
Enter an appropriate threshold and click OK.
d) Select the Memory parameter, then click Configure. The Memory Threshold dialog
opens. Enter an appropriate threshold for the amount of free memory and click OK.
e) Select the System parameter, then click Configure. The System Threshold dialog
opens. Enter an appropriate threshold and click OK.
f) Click OK to add the ExchangeSystemCheck monitor to the Active Monitor library.
4 Add the ExchangeSystemCheck monitor to your Exchange server device.
a) In your device list, find the device that represents the Exchange server. Right-click the
device, then select Properties. Select Active Monitors.
b) Click Add. The Active Monitor wizard appears.
Select the ExchangeSystemCheck monitor, and continue with the wizard to configure
any actions for the monitor.
For more information on setting up an action, see Configuring an action (on page 130).
After you complete the wizard, the monitor immediately begins to monitor the Exchange
server.
Monitoring Microsoft SQL Server
The SQL Server Monitor lets you monitor Microsoft® SQL Server. The SQL Server Monitor
provides real-time information about the state and health of Microsoft SQL Server
applications on your network.
Note: Microsoft SQL Monitor is available as part of WhatsUp Gold Premium Edition.
The SQL Server Monitor supports monitoring of Microsoft SQL Server 2000 or later versions,
and MSDE 2000 or later versions, which can be on any machine in your network.
To create custom parameters to monitor, the SQL Server host must be WMI-enabled.
Why use it?
WhatsUp Gold can monitor and report the status of the standard services associated with
TCP/IP servers, such as SMTP, POP3, and IMAP, FTP, HTTP. If any of these services fail, your
users will be unable to get mail, transfer files, or use the web. It is a good idea to set up
monitoring on these services so that you are the first to know if they fail. The SQL Server
Monitor extends monitoring to parameters reported by Microsoft SQL Server (and Microsoft
MSDE), allowing you to get an early warning of a degradation in performance. For example,
you can monitor system parameters on your SQL Server database server to see if
performance is within an expected range, and if not, you can intervene before the SQL Server
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fails. In other words, you can detect a looming problem before it causes an application or
service failure.
How to get started using SQL Server Monitor
1
Determine which SQL parameters to monitor.
Note: To use some parameters, configure your System Data Source (ODBC) name for the SQL
Server. This is done in the Windows Data Sources (ODBC) administrator.
2
3
Determine which SQL services to monitor.
Decide whether to create a single monitor with multiple parameters and services, several monitors with one parameter or service, or some combination. Whether you set up
one monitor or many has a bearing on how the information is reported in WhatsUp Gold
logs and by actions. For example, if you create a single monitor to check disk usage, you
can name it SQLDisk and it will be reported in logs with this name.
4 Configure an SQL Server Monitor with your selected parameters and/or services.
5 Add the SQL Monitor to the device that represents your SQL server.
6 Set up an action to tell you when the monitor goes down or comes back up.
Note: The monitor will be reported down if any of the parameters or services in that monitor
are down.
Configuring an SQL Server Monitor
To configure an instance of the SQL Server Monitor:
Important: You must activate WhatsUp Gold Premium Edition before configuring an SQL
Server Monitor.
1
Open to the Active Monitor Library:
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Active Monitor Library.
- or -
ƒ
From the main menu bar of the console, select Configure > Active Monitor Library.
The Active Monitor Library appears.
Tip: The Active Monitor Library is the starting point for creating any Active Monitor in
WhatsUp Gold. This dialog shows all of the Active Monitors in your database.
2
Add an SQL monitor:
a) Click New. The Select Active Monitor Type dialog appears.
b) Select SQL Service Monitor and click OK.
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c) The New SQL Service Monitor dialog appears.
d) In the Name box, enter the name you want to use to identify this instance of the SQL
Server monitor. For example, if you are configuring a monitor to check disk space, you
might enter SQLServerDisk.
e) In the Description box, enter any text information to further describe the monitor.
f) In the SQL Server Instance Name box, enter the name of the database you want to
monitor.
g) Select the thresholds to add to the monitor. For more information about specific
thresholds, see SQL Server Parameters (on page 194).
h) Select the services to add to the monitor. For more information about specific
services, see SQL Server Services (on page 194).
i) Click OK to save the monitor in the Active Monitor Library.
3 Add the monitor to your SQL Server device.
a) In your device list, find the device that represents the SQL Server. Right-click the
device, then select Properties. Select Active Monitors.
b) Click Add. The Active Monitor wizard appears.
Select the monitor, and continue with the wizard to configure any actions for the
monitor.
For more information on setting up an action, see Configuring an action (on page 130).
If you select Use in discovery, WhatsUp Gold adds the monitor to the Active Monitors
list. From that list, you can select to scan for that service on all applications found during
discovery.
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SQL Server Parameters
You can set thresholds on the following parameters:
Select this parameter:
If you want to:
CPU
Monitor CPU state on the SQL host.
Memory
Monitor free memory on the SQL host.
Disk
Monitor disk usage on the SQL host by the SQL server.
Disk space
Monitor free disk space on the SQL host.
System
Monitor system processes on the SQL host.
Buffers
Monitors SQL page buffers.
Cache
Monitors cache usage on the SQL server.
Locks
Monitors wait locks on the SQL server.
Transactions
Monitors the transactions on the SQL server.
Users
Monitors the users on the SQL server.
Alerts
Monitors SQL alerts and severity of alerts.
Custom Thresholds
Browse and select from the large number of additional
parameters that SQL reports.
SQL Server Services
You can monitor the following critical SQL services to determine whether the service is
available (Up) or is disabled (Down).
Select this process:
If you want to:
MSSQLSERVER
This is the database engine. It controls processes all SQL
functions and manages all files that comprise the databases on
the server.
SQLSERVERAGENT
This service works with the SQL Server service to create and
manage local server jobs, alerts and operators, or items from
multiple servers.
Microsoft Search
A full-text indexing and search engine.
Distributed Transaction Coordinator The MS DTC service allows for several sources of data to be
processed in one transaction. It also coordinates the proper
completion of all transactions to make sure all updates and
errors are processed and ended correctly.
SQL Server Analysis Services
Implements a highly scalable service for data storage,
processing, and security.
SQL Server Reporting Services
Used to create/manage tabular, matrix, graphical, and free-form
reports.
SQL Server Integration Services
A platform for building high performance data integration
solutions.
SQL Server FullText Search
Issues full-text queries against plain character-based data in SQL
Server tables.
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SQL Server Browser
Listens for incoming requests for SQL Server resources and
provides information about SQL Server instances installed on
the computer.
SQL Server Active Directory Helper
View replication objects, such as a publication, and, if allowed,
subscribe to that publication.
SQL Server VSS Writer
Added functionality for backup and restore of SQL Server 2005.
Example: SQL Server Monitor
To monitor user activity on an SQL Server, you can create a monitor called SQLUser, then
select Users as the only parameter to monitor.
1
Open the Active Monitor Library.
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
2
3
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Active Monitor Library. The Active
Monitor Library appears.
Click New. The Select Active Monitor Type dialog appears.
Select SQL Server Monitor and click OK. The New SQL Server Monitor dialog appears.
a) In the Name box, enter SQLUser.
b) In the SQL Server Instance Name box, enter the name of your database.
c) Make sure that Users is the only parameter that has a check in the box to the left of it.
You will need to clear the selections for the other parameters and also for the
processes.
d) Click the Users parameter to select it, then click Configure. The Users Threshold
dialog opens. You should have in mind how many users or connections you want to
consider as a threshold, and enter those values in the appropriate boxes on the
dialog.
e) When finished, click OK to add the SQLUser monitor to the Active Monitor Library.
4 Add the SQLUser monitor to your SQL server device.
a) In the device list, select the device that represents the SQL server. Right-click the
device, then select Properties. Select Active Monitors.
b) Click Add. The Active Monitor wizard appears.
Select the SQLUser monitor and continue with the wizard to add to configure actions
for the monitor.
For more information on setting up an action, see Configuring an action (on page 130).
After you complete the wizard, the monitor immediately begins to monitor the SQL
Server application.
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Monitoring WMI-enabled applications
The WMI Monitor lets you monitor any WMI-enabled application. The WMI Monitor lets you
create custom monitors to get real-time information about the state and health of
applications and servers on your network. Most Windows applications and servers support
WMI and provide their own set of real-time WMI data.
Note: WMI Monitor is part of the WhatsUp Gold Premium Edition, which extends monitoring
capabilities.
To create custom monitors, the host on which the application or server is installed must be
WMI-enabled. You can connect to a host and view the WMI parameters reported by the
Windows applications and servers on that host.
Why use it?
WhatsUp Gold can monitor and report the status of the standard services associated with
TCP/IP servers, such as SMTP, POP3, IMAP, FTP, HTTP. If any of these services fail, network
users cannot send mail, transfer files, or use the web. It is a good idea to set up monitoring on
these services so that you are the first to know if they fail. The WMI Monitor extends
monitoring to parameters reported by Windows-based applications and servers, allowing you
to get an early warning of a degradation in performance. For example, you can monitor
system parameters on your Oracle® database server to see if performance is within an
expected range, and if not, you can intervene before the Oracle server fails. In other words,
you can detect a looming problem before it causes an application or service failure.
How to use WMI Monitors
This topic describes the overall process of configuring a WMI monitor, assigning it to a device,
and getting feedback from the monitor.
1
2
3
4
5
Determine which WMI object you want to monitor.
Decide whether to create a single monitor with multiple WMI objects, several monitors
with one object, or some combination.
To start, it may be simpler to create one monitor for each WMI object that you want to
monitor. Whether you set up one monitor or many has a bearing on how the information
is reported in WhatsUp Gold logs and by actions. For example, a single monitor to check
errors on logon, named LogonErrors, is reported in logs with this name. If LogonErrors is
reported down, you know it's a specific problem.
Configure a WMI Monitor with your objects.
Add the WMI Monitor to the device that represents your application host or server.
Set up an action to tell you when the monitor goes down or comes back up.
Note: The monitor will be reported down if any of the objects that you selected to monitor
are down.
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Configuring a WMI Monitor
To configure an instance of the WMI Monitor:
1 Open the Active Monitor Library.
2
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Active Monitor Library.
The Active Monitor Library is the starting point for creating any Active Monitor in
WhatsUp Gold. This dialog shows all of the Active Monitors in your database.
Add a WMI Monitor:
a) Click New. The Select Active Monitor Type dialog appears.
b) Select WMI Monitor and click OK. The New WMI Monitor dialog appears.
3 Enter or select the appropriate information in the following fields.
ƒ
Name. The name of the monitor as it appears in the Active Monitor Library.
ƒ
Description. The description of the monitor as it appears in the Active Monitor
Library.
ƒ
Performance counter/Instance. Click the browse button next to this box to select a
performance counter and instance for the monitor.
ƒ
Check type. Select the type of check you want the WhatsUp Gold WMI monitor to
make on the performance counter selected above.
ƒ
ƒ
Constant Value. Monitors the performance counter/instance for a specific value.
If that value changes, the monitor triggers a device state change.
ƒ
Range of Values. Monitors the performance counter/instance to make sure the
returned value falls within a range of values. If the value falls outside of the range,
the monitor triggers a device state change.
ƒ
Rate of Change. Monitors the performance counter/instance to make sure the
change in value matches the rate you enter in the check values section. If that rate
changes, the monitor triggers a device state change.
Check values. Enter the values for the check type selected above. For Constant
Value and Rate of Change, select the state of the device when the check value is met.
Note: You can also click Advanced to access Advanced Monitor Properties.
Example: WMI Monitor
Imagine that a device on your network has been illegally logged into through a brute force
attack (an attack where an intruder runs a script to try random usernames and passwords on
a range of IP addresses on your network). These types of attacks are extremely dangerous if
the device in peril is on your domain or is storing sensitive information.
You can use a custom WMI Active Monitor to check the appropriate performance counters on
a Windows device and notify you when this type of attack occurs, so you can do something
about it before a potential intruder gains access to your network.
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To configure this type of active monitor:
1 Using the WhatsUp Gold web interface, create the WMI monitor.
a) Open the Active Monitor Library.
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
a) On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Active Monitor Library. The Active
Monitor Library appears.
b) Click New. The Select Active Monitor Type dialog opens.
c) Select WMI Monitor and click OK. The Add WMI Monitor dialog appears.
d) In the Name box, enter "ErrorsLogon" to identify that this monitor checks for logon
errors.
e) Click the Browse (…) button next to Instance to access the Performance Counters
dialog.
f) Enter the computer name or IP address of the computer in which you want to
connect.
g) Select a credential from a list of Windows credentials (pulled from the Credentials
Library), then click OK to connect to the computer.
h) In the Performance object box, select Server.
i)
In the Server folder, select the ErrorsLogon performance counter.
Take note of the Current value entry at the bottom of the dialog. This is the number of
logon errors currently reported through WMI.
Click OK to add the Performance counter to the New WMI Monitor dialog.
j)
In the Check type box, select Rate of Change.
k) In the Rate of Change box, enter the number of logon errors you feel is acceptable.
This is the number of failed logon attempts between polls.
l)
In the If the value is above the rate, then the monitor is box, select Down.
m) Click OK to add the active monitor to the library.
2 Enter the credentials for logging on to the device to which you will add this monitor.
a) In the Device Properties for the device, select the Credentials section.
b) In the Credentials Section, click the browse (…) button next to Windows credentials
to access the Credentials Library.
c) Create a Windows credential using the administration login and password for the
device you want to create the passive monitor for. When you have configured the
credential, click Close.
d) On the Credentials page, select the new Windows credential, then click OK.
3 Add the ErrorsLogon monitor to the problem device.
a) In your device list, find the device. Double-click the device to display its properties,
then select Active Monitors.
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b) Click Add. The Active Monitor wizard appears.
Select the ErrorsLogon monitor, and continue with the wizard to configure any
actions for the monitor.
c) For more information on setting up an action, see Configuring an Action (on page 130).
You may want to consider creating several levels of the active monitor, each with a higher
threshold than the other, and with more severe actions associated with it.
For example, create a monitor with 30 as the threshold that simply sends you an email, letting
you know that at least 31 attempts have been made. Next, create another monitor that uses
60 as the threshold. This monitor may have an SMS action associated with it that sends a text
message to you when at least 61 attempts are made. For the most severe level you could
create a 100 threshold and have the action send messages to several people who may be
able to block the IP or take the device off the network while the attack is addressed.
Monitoring Mail Servers
The Email Monitor lets you monitor that a mail server is available and functioning correctly.
This monitor checks a mail server by first sending the server an email via SMTP. The monitor
then attempts to delete previously sent emails using either POP3 or IMAP. If no emails from
the monitor are present in the inbox to delete, the mail server is considered down.
The email active monitor supports encryption with SSL/TLS and SMTP Authentication which
ensures that the monitor sends emails to a secure email account.
The Email Monitor's email delivery check is done across two polls. Therefore, it is important
that you pick a meaningful polling interval. For example, if you want to be notified when your
mail server is taking more than two minutes to send and receive email, use a two-minute
polling interval.
Note: WhatsUp Gold can monitor any POP3 server that supports these commands: USER,
PASS, LIST, TOP, QUIT, RETR, and DELE. WhatsUp Gold can monitor any IMAP server that
supports these commands: LOGIN, SELECT, SEARCH, STORE, CLOSE, and LOGOUT.
Configuring an Email Active Monitor
To configure an Email monitor:
1 Go to the Active Monitor Library:
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Active Monitor Library. The Active
Monitor Library appears.
- or -
ƒ
2
From the main menu of the console, select Configure > Active Monitor Library. The
Active Monitor Library appears.
Add an Email Monitor:
a) Click New. The Select Active Monitor Type dialog appears.
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b) Select Email Monitor from the list, then click OK. The Add Email Monitor dialog
appears.
c) In Name, enter a title to identify this instance of the monitor.
d) In Description, enter any additional information to further describe the monitor.
e) In the Outgoing mail section of the dialog, in SMTP server, enter the address of the
server on which SMTP is running. Use the default, %Device.Address, to use the
device IP address on which the monitor is attached.
f) In Port, enter the port on which the SMTP service is listening. The standard SMTP port
is 25.
g) In Mail to, enter the address to which the Email Monitor will send email.
h) In Mail from, enter the address from which the Email Monitor was sent from.
i)
In the Incoming mail section of the dialog, in Server, enter the address of the server
on which the POP3 or IMAP service is running.
j)
In Account type, select the protocol (POP3 or IMAP) you want the monitor to use to
check for correct email delivery.
k) In Username, enter the username of the email account in which the monitor will use
to log in.
l)
In Password, enter the password for the email account in which the monitor will use
to log in.
m) Click OK to add the monitor to the Active Monitor Library.
3
If you want to configure advanced settings for this instance of the Email Monitor, click
Advanced. From here, you can choose to use SMTP Authentication; set the port on which
POP3 or IMAP is running; use encrypted connections for SMTP, IMAP, and POP3; and set
timeouts for SMTP, IMAP, and POP3.
Add the monitor to your mail server.
a) On the device list, find the device that represents the mail server. Right-click the
device, then select Properties. Select Active Monitors.
b) Click Add. The Active Monitor Wizard appears.
Select the monitor, and continue with the wizard to configure any actions for the
monitor.
For more information on setting up an action, see Configuring an action (on page 130).
Example: Email Monitor
This example creates an Email Monitor that checks to see if an account on Google's Gmail
service is working properly. To test and use the Email Monitor created in this example
properly, you need a working Gmail account configured to allow POP3 and SMTP access.
To create an Email Monitor for a Gmail account:
1 Open the Active Monitor Library.
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Active Monitor Library. The Active
Monitor Library appears.
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2
3
Click New. The Select Active Monitor Type dialog appears.
Select the Email Monitor, then click OK. The Add Email Monitor dialog appears.
4
Enter or select the appropriate information in the dialog fields:
a) Enter Gmail Status in Name.
b) In Description, enter Checks Gmail status.
In the Outgoing mail section of the dialog:
c) Enter smtp.gmail.com in SMTP server.
d) Enter 587 for the Port.
e) If you have a Gmail account, enter it in Mail to, in the following format:
[email protected] If you do not have a Gmail account, create one on the Gmail
site.
f) Enter the same Gmail account in Mail from.
In the Incoming mail section of the dialog:
g) Enter pop.gmail.com in Mail server.
h) Choose POP3 from the Account type list.
5
6
i)
Enter 995 for the Port.
j)
Again, enter your Gmail account in Username.
k) Enter the password for your Gmail account in Password.
Click Advanced. The Advance Monitor Properties dialog appears.
Enter or select the appropriate information in the dialog fields:
In the Outgoing server advanced properties section of the dialog:
a) Select SMTP server requires authentication.
b) Enter your Gmail account in Username.
c) Enter the password for your Gmail account in Password.
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d) Select Use an encrypted connection (SSL/TLS).
e) Use the default Timeout of 5 seconds.
In the Incoming server advanced properties section of the dialog:
f) Select Use an encrypted connection (SSL/TLS).
g) Ensure that Use STARTTLS command is not selected.
h) Use the default Timeout of 5 seconds.
i)
Click OK to save changes and return to the Add Email Monitor dialog.
Click OK on the Add Email Monitor dialog to add the Gmail Monitor to the Active
Monitor Library.
Test the Gmail Status monitor.
j)
7
a) From the WhatsUp Gold console, go to Configure > Active Monitor Library. The
Active Monitor Library dialog appears.
b) Select the Gmail Status monitor, then click Test.
The Test dialog will list the test as either SUCCESS or FAILED.
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You can log in to the Gmail account used for the Gmail Status monitor and actually see the
email sent by WhatsUp Gold via the Email Monitor.
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204
CHAPTER 13
Using Passive Monitors
In This Chapter
About Passive Monitors .................................................................................205
Assigning passive monitors ..........................................................................206
Configuring Passive Monitor Listeners.....................................................207
About the Passive Monitor Library.............................................................209
Group and device passive monitor reports ............................................210
Receiving SNMP Traps ....................................................................................210
About Passive Monitors
Unlike active monitors or performance monitors, which actively poll a device to check its
status or to gather statistical data, passive monitors passively listen for events on devices.
Because it does not repeatedly poll devices and wait for a device to signal a problem, a
passive monitor uses less resources than an active monitor both on the machine running
WhatsUp Gold and on the network.
Passive monitors are also useful because some devices on a network may not provide a clear
up or down status when queried. For example, a message may get logged to the system's
Event log by another application (such as an antivirus application alerting when a virus is
found). Since these messages/events can occur at any time, a Passive Monitor Listener
"listens" for them, and notifies WhatsUp Gold when they occur.
However, the information that can be reported in a passive monitor event is not as
customizable as it is with active monitors. In the case of a severe device failure, a device may
enter a state where it is not able to successfully send a passive monitor event. A connectivity
loss may prevent the WhatsUp system from receiving an event sent to it as well.
Passive monitors should be used to complement active monitors, but you should not rely
solely on Passive Monitors to monitor a device or service.
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Passive Monitors Icon
When a passive monitor is configured on a device, the device icon displays a
diamond shape on the upper left side.
This shape changes color when an unacknowledged state change occurs on
the monitor. After the device has been acknowledged, the icon returns to
the above appearance.
Assigning passive monitors
There are two steps in assigning a passive monitor to a device. The first is to configure the
active monitor in the Passive Monitor Library, and the second is to add that Monitor to a
device.
To configure (add/edit) a passive monitor manually:
1 Open the Passive Monitor Library.
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Passive Monitor Library.
2 Click New to configure a new Passive Monitor. The configuration dialog for the selected
monitor type appears.
- or Select a monitor from the list, then click Edit to make changes to an existing
configuration. The Edit dialog for the selected monitor appears.
3 After you make the necessary changes, click OK to add the monitor to the list or to save
the changes you made to a monitor already on the list.
To assign a passive monitor to a device:
Note: If you are assigning a Windows Event Log passive monitor type to a device, make sure
that the device has credentials assigned before creating a passive monitor for it. For more
information, see Using Credentials (on page 103).
If want to use multiple Windows Event Log passive monitors, you must assign a unique
Windows Event Log passive monitor for each device.
Note: The upgrade process to WhatsUp Gold v12 from previous versions, automatically
migrates Windows Event Log passive monitor credentials into the Credentials Library. If you
experience upgrade problems with Windows Event Log passive monitors, look in the
credentials library for the Windows (WMI) credentials that will work for the device. If the
device credentials do not exist, create new credentials for the device. For more information,
see Using Credentials (on page 103).
1
Right-click the device to which you want to assign a passive monitor, then click
Properties. The Device Properties dialog appears.
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2
3
Click Passive Monitors. The Device Properties Passive Monitor dialog appears.
Click Add. The Passive Monitor Properties dialog appears.
4
Select the passive monitor type and passive monitor you want to assign, then click
Next. The Setup Actions for Passive Monitors dialog appears.
5 Click Add to setup a new action for the passive monitor. The Select or Create Action
dialog appears. Click:
Select an action from the Action Library
- or Create a new action
6
Follow the remaining Wizard dialog screens for the selection you made.
Click Finish to add the passive monitor to the device.
Configuring Passive Monitor Listeners
A Passive Monitor Listeners listens for an event to occur and then notifies WhatsUp Gold. This
lets you get notification of an event when it occurs, rather than polling for all event types. The
Passive Monitor Listener is solely responsible for how it monitors its events. This means that
the server could listen for network traffic or application specific events.
WhatsUp Gold is installed with three Passive Monitor Listeners:
ƒ
SNMP Passive Monitor (SNMP Trap). A trap is an unsolicited SNMP message (packet)
sent from a device to indicate a change in status, such as a router indicating one of its
interfaces went down or a printer indicating that it is out of paper.
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ƒ
Syslog Passive Monitor. A Syslog monitor is used to examine Syslog messages
forwarded from other devices for a specific record and/or specific text within a record.
Usually Syslog messages are forwarded from the Syslog on a system that runs UNIX, but
they can also come from non-UNIX devices as well.
A Syslog message consists of a priority and a text payload. The text message can contain
anything you want permanently logged, such as a device failure, or a failed attempt to log
in to the system. The only way to identify different types of syslog messages is to
configure a regular expression in the Passive Monitor definition.
ƒ
Windows Event Log Monitor. This monitor can capture any Windows Event Log entry,
such as a service start or stop, if there was a logon failure recorded, and other log entries.
Before you can configure passive monitors, you must configure listeners.
To configure a listener:
1 From the console, select Configure > Program Options. The Program Options dialog
appears.
Note: If the Windows SNMP Trap Service (located in Control Panel > Services) is running on
the WhatsUp Gold console PC, you should stop the service. This is a precaution to prevent
any conflict with the WhatsUp Passive Monitor Listener.
2
Click Passive Monitor Listeners. The Passive Monitor Listeners display in a list.
3
Select the listener you want to configure, then click Configure. The configuration dialog
appears.
4 Select the appropriate settings based on the listener you are configuring. For more
information about the Passive Monitor Listener options, refer to the Help.
5 Click OK to save changes.
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About the Passive Monitor Library
The Passive Monitor Library dialog displays the Passive Monitor types that have been created
for WhatsUp Gold. These types are specific configurations of SNMP traps, Windows Log
Events, and Syslog Events. After the monitor types have been configured, you can associate
them to devices on the Passive Monitors section of Device Properties dialog.
Note: If you are assigning a Windows Event Log passive monitor type to a device, make sure
that the device has credentials assigned before creating a passive monitor for it. For more
information, see Using Credentials (on page 103).
If want to use multiple Windows Event Log passive monitors, you must assign a unique
Windows Event Log passive monitor for each device.
Note: The upgrade process to WhatsUp Gold v12 from previous versions, automatically
migrates Windows Event Log passive monitor credentials into the Credentials Library. If you
experience upgrade problems with Windows Event Log passive monitors, look in the
credentials library for the Windows (WMI) credentials that will work for the device. If the
device credentials do not exist, create new credentials for the device. For more information,
see Using Credentials (on page 103).
1
Go to the Passive Monitor Library.
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Passive Monitor Library.
- or From the main menu bar of the console, select Configure > Passive Monitor Library.
2
3
4
Click New to create a new passive monitor type.
Select a monitor type in the list, then click Edit to change the settings.
Select a monitor type in the list, then click Copy to create a new monitor type based on
the selected type.
5 Select a monitor type, then click Delete to remove it from the list.
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Group and device passive monitor reports
The following reports display information for devices or device groups that have passive
monitors configured and enabled. Access these reports from the web interface Reports tab.
For more information, see Using Full Reports (on page 257).
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SNMP Trap Log
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Syslog Entries
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Windows Event Log
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Passive Monitor Error Log
Note: If you are missing traps or logs or receiving blank emails generated from an Action on a
Passive Monitor, see the Passive Monitor payload limitation (on page 372).
Receiving SNMP Traps
WhatsUp Gold has an internal SNMP trap handler, which when enabled, listens for and
accepts SNMP traps. WhatsUp Gold records the trap in the device's SNMP Trap Log.
You can also set up WhatsUp Gold to fire an Action when a trap is received for a device. For
more information, see Using the Trap Definition Import Tool (on page 312).
To configure WhatsUp Gold to receive traps:
1 On the devices that will be monitored, set the SNMP agent to send traps to WhatsUp
Gold. Trap manager addresses must be set on each physical device. This cannot be done
from WhatsUp Gold.
2 Set up the MIB entries for traps by placing the MIB text file in the C:\Program
Files\Ipswitch\WhatsUp\Data\Mibs directory.
3 Enable the SNMP Trap Handler.
a) From the WhatsUp Gold console, select Configure > Program Options.
b) Select Passive Monitor Listeners.
c) Select SNMP Trap.
d) Click the Configure button.
e) Select the appropriate options.
ƒ
Listen for messages on port. Select this option if you want WhatsUp Gold to
listen for SNMP traps. The standard SNMP trap Port is 162, but you can change this
port to a non-standard number. The changes are immediate, and you do not have
to restart WhatsUp Gold for the changes to be in effect.
ƒ
Accept unsolicited SNMP traps. If this is not selected, ONLY traps which are
specifically added to devices as events are logged to the activity log and are able
to trigger alerts. You may prefer to select this option so that ALL traps which occur
are able to be detected and logged to the activity log. Note that regardless of this
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filter setting, traps are logged to the SNMP Trap Log. By default there is no strict
filtering of traps; this way you can see all traps from all sources, then make
decisions about creating Actions based on specific traps you have seen. Later you
may make the decision to filter out all traps except those you expect to see.
ƒ
Forward traps. Select this option to forward traps to IP addresses added to the
Forward traps to list.
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Forward unsolicited traps. Select this option to forward all traps, including
unsolicited traps.
ƒ
Forward traps to. Click Add to add an IP address and port to forward traps to.
You can forward traps to multiple IP addresses.
f) Click OK to save changes.
Note: If the SNMP agent is installed on the WhatsUp Gold machine, this will also start an
SNMP trap service. This can result in a port conflict, because both the SNMP trap service and
the WhatsUp Gold SNMP trap handler listen on port 162. To fix this, turn off the SNMP trap
service.
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212
CHAPTER 14
Using Performance Monitors
In This Chapter
Performance Monitor overview ..................................................................213
About the Performance Monitor Library..................................................214
Configuring and enabling Performance Monitors ...............................215
Enabling SNMP on Windows devices........................................................218
Adding monitors to the Performance Monitor Library.......................218
About performance reporting .....................................................................223
Performance Monitor overview
Performance Monitors in WhatsUp Gold gather important information about the devices
running on your network, then use that data to create reports trending the utilization and
availability of different aspects of those devices. Through WhatsUp Gold, you can gather
statistics on the following areas:
ƒ
CPU utilization
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Memory utilization
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Interface utilization (bandwidth)
ƒ
Ping availability
ƒ
Disk utilization
The system also lets you create custom Performance Monitors that you can use to monitor
any performance counter made available through WMI or SNMP, as well as the use of JScript
and VBScript.
Performance Monitors are configured in the Performance Monitor Library (on page 214), and
added to individual devices through Device Properties > Performance Monitors. You can
create global WMI, SNMP, and Active Script Monitors in the library, or create device-specific
monitors in Device Properties.
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About the Performance Monitor Library
The Performance Monitor Library dialog displays the Performance Monitors that have been
created for WhatsUp Gold. Performance Monitors gather information about specific WMI and
SNMP values from the network devices.
Note: Default monitors in the library cannot be edited or removed: CPU Utilization, Disk
Utilization, Interface Utilization, and Ping Latency and Availability.
Use the Performance Monitor Library to configure and manage Performance Monitors. When
custom Performance Monitors are changed, the changes affect each instance of that
particular monitor across the device groups.
To access the Performance Monitor Library dialog:
ƒ
From the console main menu, select Configure > Performance Monitor Library.
- or -
ƒ
From the web interface, select GO. On the WhatsUp section, select Configure >
Performance Monitor Library.
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To configure Performance Monitors for the devices they are assigned to:
1 Right-click a device you want to configure. The shortcut menu appears.
2 Click Properties. The Device Properties dialog appears.
ƒ
Click New to configure a new monitor.
ƒ
Select an existing monitor, then click Edit to change the current monitor
configuration or double-click an existing monitor to change the configuration.
ƒ Select a performance monitor type, then click Delete to remove it from the list.
3 Click OK to save changes.
Configuring and enabling Performance Monitors
WhatsUp Gold is installed with five performance monitors that monitor specific types of data
on your devices: CPU, Disk, Memory, and Interface Utilization; and Ping Latency and
Availability. These monitors appear in the Performance Monitor Library.
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To configure these monitors for use on specific devices, you must use either the Device
Properties > Performance Monitors to configure for a single device, or Bulk Field Change
> Performance Monitors to configure for multiple devices.
To enable a global performance monitor for a single device:
1 In Device View, select a device from the device list.
2 Right-click and choose Properties from the right-menu to view the device's Device
Properties.
3 Click Performance Monitors to view the Performance Monitors dialog.
From the top section of the dialog, select the global performance monitor you would like
to enable for the selected device.
Important: To enable a CPU, disk, interface, or memory global Performance Monitor, you
must first select and SNMP credential for the device from the SNMP credential page.
4
Click OK to save the changes.
To configure a global performance monitor:
1 In Device View, select a device from the device list.
2 Right-click and choose Properties from the right-menu to view the device's Device
Properties.
3 Click Performance Monitors to view the Performance Monitors dialog.
4 In the top section of the dialog, you can select a global performance monitor, then click
Configure.
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On the monitor configuration dialog, select the specific item you want to monitor by
making a selection in the Collect data for drop-down list. Depending on the monitor,
you can select to collect data for All, Active, Specific, or Default interfaces, memories,
CPUs, or disks.
If you select Specific, the list is enabled and you can select or clear the selection for any of
the items in the list. This is particularly useful with the Interface Utilization monitor where
a device may have many interfaces.
5 Select the Data collection interval. This is the amount of time between performance
polls.
6 Click Advanced to change connection settings on the device.
7
Click OK to save the changes.
To enable a global performance monitor for multiple devices, use the Bulk Field Change
feature for performance monitors.
For information on the Active Script Performance Monitor, see Adding custom performance
monitors to the Performance Monitor Library (on page 218).
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Enabling SNMP on Windows devices
Before you can collect performance data on a Windows computer using SNMP, you must first
install and enable the Microsoft SNMP Agent on the device itself. For more information, see
Using SNMP Features (on page 303).
To install SNMP Monitoring:
1 From the Windows Control Panel, click Add or Remove Programs.
2 Click Add/Remove Windows Components.
3 From the Components list, select Management and Monitoring Tools.
4 Click Details to view the list of Subcomponents.
5 Make sure Simple Network Management Protocol is selected.
6 Click OK.
7 Click Next to install the components.
8 After the install wizard is complete, click Finish to close the window.
To enable SNMP Monitoring:
1 In the Control Panel, click Administrative Tools.
2 Double-click Services. the Services console appears.
3 In the Services (Local) list, double-click SNMP Service to view the Properties.
4 On the Agent tab, enter the Contact name for the person responsible for the upkeep
and administration of the computer, then enter the Location of the computer. These
items are returned during some SNMP queries.
5 On the Security tab, click Add to add a community string for the device. Community
strings are pass codes that allow applications like WhatsUp to read information about
the computer. This community string will be later used to create credentials for
connecting to this device.
6 On the General tab, click Start to start the service (if necessary).
7 Click OK to close the dialog.
You can test the device by connecting to it through SNMP View.
Adding monitors to the Performance Monitor
Library
Performance Monitors gather specific types of data on the devices to which they are
assigned. System wide monitors are configured using the Performance Monitor Library, but
you can also create specific SNMP and WMI monitors to be used on a per-device basis. The
default performance monitors (CPU, memory, disk, and interface utilization; and ping latency
and availability) cannot be edited or changed from their default settings. By creating custom
performance monitors, you can adjust the settings to fit your specific monitoring needs.
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To create custom performance monitors (for system wide use):
1 From the web interface, select GO.
2 On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > Performance Monitor Library. The
Performance Monitor Library dialog appears.
3
4
Click New.
Select the monitor type: SNMP Performance Monitor, WMI Performance Monitor, or
Active Script Performance Monitor, then click OK.
5 Follow the instructions below for the type of monitor you choose.
To configure an SNMP monitor:
1 In the Add SNMP Performance Counter dialog, enter a Name and Description for the
monitor as it will appear in the Performance Monitor Library. Either enter the
Performance counter OID and Instance or click the browse (...) button next to the
Instance box to go to the SNMP MIB Walker dialog.
2 In the MIB Browser dialog, enter the share name or IP address of the computer in which
you want to connect.
3 Enter the SNMP credential used to connect to the device (or click the browse (...) button
to access the Credentials Library to create a new credential).
4 If needed, adjust the Timeout and Retries count for the connection to the device.
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5
Click OK. The SNMP MIB Walker appears.
6
Use the navigation tree in the left panel to select the specific MIB you want to monitor
for the selected computer or device.
7 In the right pane, select the Property of that MIB you want to monitor. You can view
more information about the property/value pair at the bottom of the dialog.
8 Click OK to add the OID to the Performance counter and Instance box in the Add
SNMP Performance counter dialog.
9 Verify the configuration and click OK to add the monitor to the Performance Monitor
Library.
Note: After the monitor has been added to the library, make sure that you enable that
monitor through Device Properties > Performance Monitors for that device or other
devices.
To configure a WMI monitor:
1 On the Add WMI Performance Counter dialog, enter a Name and Description for the
monitor, as it will appear in the Performance Monitor Library.
2 Click the browse (...) button next to Instance. The Performance Counters dialog
appears.
3 Enter the computer name or IP address of the computer in which you want to connect.
4 Select a credential from a list of Windows credentials (pulled from the Credentials
Library), then click OK to connect to the computer.
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5
Use the Performance counter tree to navigate to the performance counter you want to
monitor.
6
After you select the performance counter, select the specific instance you want to
monitor.
7 Click OK to add the counter and instance to the Add Performance Counter dialog.
8 Verify the configuration and click OK to add the monitor to the Performance Monitor
Library.
Note: After the monitor has been added to the library, you can enable that monitor through
Device Properties > Performance Monitors for that device or other devices.
To configure an SNMP active script performance monitor:
1 On the Add Active Script Performance Monitor dialog, enter a Name and Description
for the monitor as it will appear in the Performance Monitor Library.
2 Enter a number for the timeout (in seconds).
3 Choose the type of script (JScript or VBScript) you will be using to write the monitor
from the Script type list.
4 Add a new variable to the Reference Variables list by clicking Add.
Important: You can add up to 10 reference variables to the monitor.
5
6
7
8
9
10
On the Add reference variables dialog, enter a name and description for the variable.
Select the type of object (SNMP or WMI) from the Object type list.
If needed, adjust the Timeout and Retries count for connection to the device.
Click the browse (...) button next to Instance. The SNMP MIB Browser appears.
Enter the share name or IP address of the computer in which you are trying to connect.
Enter the SNMP credential used to connect to the device (or click the browse (...) button
to access the Credentials Library to create a new credential).
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11 If needed, adjust the Timeout and Retries count for the computer in which you are
trying to connect.
12 Click OK. The SNMP MIB Walker appears.
13 Use the navigation tree in the left panel to select the specific MIB you want to monitor.
You can view more information about the property/value at the bottom of the dialog.
14 Click OK to add the OID to the Performance counter and Instance box in the Add new
reference variable dialog.
15 Verify the configuration and click OK to add the variable to the Reference variable list
on the Add active script performance monitor dialog.
16 Write or paste your monitor code in the Script text box.
17 Click OK to save changes and add the monitor to the Performance Monitor Library.
To configure a WMI active script performance monitor:
1 On the Add Active Script Performance Monitor dialog, enter a Name and Description
for the monitor as it will appear in the Performance Monitor Library.
2 Enter a number for the timeout (in seconds).
3 Choose the type of script (JScript or VBScript) you will be using to write the monitor
from the Script type list.
4 Add a new variable to the Reference Variables list by clicking Add.
Important: You can add up to 10 reference variables to the monitor.
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
On the Add reference variables dialog, enter a name and description for the variable.
Select the type of object (SNMP or WMI) from the Object type list.
Click the Browse (...) button next to the Instance box.
In the dialog that appears, enter the share name or IP address of the computer in which
you want to connect.
Enter the domain and user login for the account on this computer. If a domain account
is used, then the expected user name is <domain>\<user>. If the device is on a
workgroup, there are two possible user names: workgroup <name>\<user> or machine
<name>\<user>.
Enter a password for the login used above and click OK to connect to the computer.
Use the Performance counter tree to navigate to the performance counter you want to
monitor.
Once you select the performance counter, select the specific instance you want to
monitor.
Click OK to add the variable to the Reference variable list on the Add active script
performance monitor dialog.
Write or paste your monitor code in the Script text box.
Click OK to save changes and to add the monitor to the Performance Monitor Library.
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About performance reporting
After you have configured a performance monitor, you can generate a performance report to
see the results of the performance polling attempts. These reports can be used to
troubleshoot your network problems.
More than 40 reports are installed with WhatsUp Gold. These reports can be viewed from the
WhatsUp Gold web interface on the Reports tab.
The Reports tab contains all of the WhatsUp Gold Full reports. You can use the Reports
Overview page and the Reports Category drop-down menu to navigate to reports according
to their type and category.
All reports can be printed and many can also be exported into Microsoft Excel. Reports can
also be saved as an .html file for later review. For more information on reports, see Using Full
Reports (on page 257).
Performance Monitors gather specific types of data on the devices they are assigned to.
System wide monitors are configured using the Performance Monitor Library, but you can
also create specific SNMP and WMI monitors to be used on a per-device basis.
To create custom performance monitors for system-wide use:
1 From the web interface, select GO. On the WhatsUp section, select Configure >
Performance Monitor Library.
2 In the Performance Monitor Library, click New.
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3
4
Select the monitor type: SNMP or WMI.
Configure the monitor as follows for the type of monitor you are creating:
For WMI:
1 On the Add Performance Counter dialog, enter a name and description for the monitor.
2 Click the browse (...) button next to Instance to go to the Select Performance Counter
dialog.
3 Click the browse (...) button next to Select counters from computer. The Select
Computer dialog appears.
4 Enter the computer name or IP address of the computer in which you want to connect.
5 Select a credential from a list of Windows credentials (pulled from the Credentials
Library), then click OK to connect to the computer.
6 Use the Performance counter tree to navigate to the performance counter you want to
monitor.
7
After you select the performance counter, select the specific instance you want to
monitor.
8 Click OK to add the counter and instance to the Add Performance Counter
dialog.
9 Verify the configuration and click OK to add the monitor to the library.
For SNMP:
1 On the Add SNMP Performance counter dialog, enter a name and description for the
monitor.
2 Click the browse (...) button next to Instance to go to the Select Performance Counter
dialog. You must enter a numerical value in the Instance field.
3 Enter the share name or IP address of the computer to which you want to connect.
4 Enter the SNMP credential used to connect to the device (or click the browse (...) button
to access the Credentials Library to create a new credential).
5 If needed, adjust the Timeout and Retries count for the connection to the device.
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6
Click OK. The SNMP MIB Browser appears.
7
8
Use the navigation tree in the left panel to select the specific MIB you want to monitor.
In the right pane, select the Property of that MIB you want to monitor. You can view
more information about the property/value pair at the bottom of the dialog.
Click OK to add the OID to Performance counter and Instance in the Add SNMP
Performance counter dialog.
Verify the configuration and click OK to add the monitor to the library.
After the monitor has been added to the library, you can enable the monitor through
Device Properties > Performance Monitors.
On the WhatsUp Gold web interface, select a device and right-click. Select Properties
from the right-menu.
On the Device Properties dialog, select Performance Monitors.
Click New next to the Individual performance monitors list.
Select the monitor type: SNMP or WMI.
Follow the directions above for creating either an SNMP or WMI monitor.
You can suspend or enable data collection on that monitor by selecting or clearing the
checkbox next to the monitor name.
On the WhatsUp Gold web interface, select a device and right-click. Select Properties
from the right-menu.
On the Device Properties dialog, select Performance Monitors.
Click New next to the Individual performance monitors list.
Select the monitor type: SNMP or WMI.
Follow the directions above for creating either an SNMP or WMI monitor.
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
You can suspend or enable data collection on that monitor by selecting or clearing the
checkbox next to the monitor name.
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Example: monitoring router bandwidth
Through the Performance Monitoring system, you have the ability to configure WhatsUp
Gold to gather bandwidth usage on your SNMP enabled devices (routers, switches, etc.) and
then track that usage through performance reports. Several Performance Monitors are
installed with the application, but for bandwidth monitoring, the Interface Utilization monitor
is the most useful (this will illustrate percent utilization and throughput).
The Interface Utilization monitor gathers statistics on the volume of bytes going through the
active interfaces on the device. You can collect data on all interfaces, active interfaces, or just
specific interfaces. This monitor is configured and enabled through Device Properties >
Performance Monitors.
Note: Before you can configure the monitor, you must have SNMP enabled on the device,
and the proper credentials configured in the Credentials Library for the device. The
Performance Monitoring system uses these credentials to connect to the device during the
configuration process, and during normal performance gathering. For more information, see
Enabling SNMP on Windows devices (on page 218).
Configuring the monitor
The Interface Utilization Performance Monitor is one of the default performance monitors
installed with WhatsUp Gold, and needs no global configuration to configure the monitor for
a single device.
To configure the Bandwidth Monitor:
1 Select Properties from the right-menu.
2 Select Performance Monitors on the Device Properties dialog.
3 Select the Interface Utilization monitor from the list.
4 Click Configure to set up the monitor for the device. WhatsUp Gold scans the device
and discovers the interfaces on the device.
5
6
7
8
When the scan completes, the Configure Interface Data Collection dialog appears. If the
credentials for the device are not configured properly, the scan will fail (return to the
Credentials Library to fix it). If the device is not SNMP-enabled, the scan will fail.
Select the interfaces you want to collect data for. From the Collect data for pull-down,
select All, Active, or Specific. If you select Specific, select just the interfaces you want to
monitor in the list below. By default, active interfaces will be measured.
(Optional) Click Advanced to change the retry and timeout settings for the SNMP
connection to the device. Click OK to save the changes to the Advanced Settings.
On the Configure Interface Data Collection dialog, enter a time interval (in minutes) for
how long you want the application to wait between polls. The default is 10 minutes. See,
“Program Options - Report Data for more information on data collection and roll-up.”
Click OK to save the Interface Utilization configuration.
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Viewing the data
WhatsUp Gold will take several polling cycles to produce meaningful graphs (with a 10
minute poll interval, this may mean a few hours). After enough data is gathered, several
reports display this data.
ƒ
By Device. For device-specific data, view the Interface Utilization report; or the Device
Status report, which shows graphical statistics of all monitors configured on a device.
ƒ
By Group. Access the Group Interface Statistics report to view summarized statistics for
all devices in the selected group that have interface statistics enabled.
ƒ
System Wide. Use the Top 10 report to view the top performers in terms of bandwidth
utilization across your network. You can also view system-wide data by running the
Group Interface Utilization report against the All Devices dynamic group.
Example: troubleshooting a slow network connection
The real-time reporting provided by performance monitors can provide both the raw data
and the data trend analysis that can help you isolate network problems. For example, we
recently experienced a problem with a network connection between two of our Ipswitch
office sites. This example shows how we used Performance Monitors to troubleshoot the slow
network connection.
First, the scenario is described, then the steps taken by the network administrator to solve the
problem are outlined.
Scenario:
A developer working in Augusta, GA on an Atlanta-based project complained of a slow
network connection between the Augusta and Atlanta offices. He stated it took 40 minutes to
check-in files to the source library over the T1 connection.
The Atlanta office network administrator reacted by completing the following steps:
1
On the WhatsUp Gold web interface, he goes to the Reports tab to select the Ping
Response Time report.
2 From here, he checks the connection from the Atlanta WhatsUp Gold application to the
Augusta primary server. The report shows an increased response time beginning at
11:45 a.m.
Note: This connection has been configured with the appropriate Performance Monitors and
has been gathering data for weeks. To set up this type of monitor for a connection, configure
the Ping Latency and Availability monitor on a device located on the other end of the
connection. For more information, see Configuring performance monitors (on page 215).
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228
CHAPTER 15
Monitoring Performance Data
in Real Time
In This Chapter
About Real-Time Data features ...................................................................229
Using InstantInfo popups..............................................................................230
Using Network Tools to view real-time data ..........................................231
Using Split Second Graph Workspace Reports ......................................233
Viewing Real-time Data in Full Reports ....................................................234
About Real-Time Data features
Note: These features are only available in WhatsUp Gold Premium Edition, WhatsUp Gold
MSP Edition, and WhatsUp Gold Distributed Edition.
The historical performance data that WhatsUp Gold tracks helps you discover and analyze
network usage trends that have already occurred; however, at times you need to view device
usage data immediately, in real time.
WhatsUp Gold includes several features that enable you to monitor performance data in real
time.
ƒ
InstantInfo popups. Throughout workspaces and full reports, you can hover over some
links (such as hard drive names or network interfaces) to see real-time data.
ƒ
Web Task Manager and Web Performance Monitor. These Web-based network tools
extend the functionality of familiar Windows tools to every device you monitor in real
time--even for devices that do not run Windows.
ƒ
Split Second Graphs Workspace Reports. These reports allow you to add real-time data
into any workspace view.
ƒ
Real-time data in Full Reports. Many full reports now include a graph that updates with
up-to-the-minute information. This real-time data is paired with historical data to give you
a comprehensive report.
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Using InstantInfo popups
InstantInfo popups provide easy access into real-time data that corresponds to the historical
data viewed in performance workspace and full reports. The historical report data shows you
device trends over the recent past hours, whereas InstantInfo popups provide dynamic
graphs that show the latest device trends over the past minutes and seconds.
To determine if real-time data is available for a report, hover over each link in the report (in
most cases, the InstantInfo popups are triggered by the link on the second column in the
report). If more information is available for the link, a continuously updating graph of realtime data appears.
Important: InstantInfo popups require a minimum screen resolution of 1024 x 768 pixels, but
is optimized for screen resolutions of 1280 x 1024 pixels and higher.
Disabling InstantInfo popups
By default, InstantInfo popups are available in both workspace and full reports, but you can
disable them if you prefer.
To disable InstantInfo popups:
1 In the WhatsUp Gold web interface, click GO.
2 From the WhatsUp section of the GO menu, click Configure > Preferences. The User
Preferences dialog appears.
3 Under InstantInfo (popups), clear the checkboxes for the areas where you do not want
popups to appear.
4 Click OK to save changes.
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Using Network Tools to view real-time data
WhatsUp Gold includes two network tools you can use to view real-time data on network
devices, the Web Task Manager and Web Performance Manager. These network tools provide
the capability to view real-time device data directly from the WhatsUp Gold web interface.
About the Web Task Manager
The Web Task Manager extends the functionality of the Microsoft Windows Task Manager to
provide network device overview information about processes occurring on a device, device
performance, and device interface activity. The Web Task Manager graphs and displays realtime information using SNMP or WMI device connections.
You can use the Web Task Manager to identify device issues and take corrective action on a
device.
There are three tabs that provide device information:
ƒ
Processes. Provides key indicator process information for a selected device that WhatsUp
Gold is monitoring. For example, you can view a list of .exe files that are running and the
amount of CPU and memory used by each program.
ƒ
Performance. Provides dynamic performance information for a selected device that
WhatsUp Gold is monitoring. For example, you can view details about the CPU and
memory usage.
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ƒ
Interfaces. Provides information about a selected device's interfaces that WhatsUp Gold
is monitoring. For example, you can view a list of interfaces that the device uses learn
about how much data is transmitted and received via each interface.
For more information on the Web Task Manager, see Using the Web Task Manager (on page
328).
Note: The Web Task Manager shows slightly different data on the Performance tab
depending on the type of device being monitored. For Windows devices, the information
matches the data that is available via the Windows Task Manager
About the Web Performance Monitor
The Web Performance Monitor extends the functionality of the Microsoft Windows
Performance Monitor to the Web. It is a data collecting and graphing utility designed
specifically for the WhatsUp Gold Web interface that graphs and displays real-time
information on user-specified SNMP and WMI performance counters. It can be used for a
quick inspection of a specific network device.
The graphs can be saved to the database and displayed on workspace views using the Split
Second Graph - Performance Monitor workspace report or on the Web Performance Monitor
tool. Multiple SNMP and WMI counters can be displayed on a single graph, and the color and
scale of each graphed item can be individually configured.
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Graphs created with the Web Performance Monitor are saved on a per-user account basis,
meaning, graphs are only accessible by the user account that created and saved them.
The Web Performance Monitor has two purposes:
ƒ
To provide a Web enabled WMI and SNMP performance counter poller and grapher. It
supports WMI for Windows servers, and SNMP for network devices such as switches,
routers, and UNIX devices.
ƒ
To build and edit graphs for use by the Performance Monitor workspace report. You can
use this workspace report to display any saved graph.
For more information, see Using the Web Performance Monitor (on page 325).
Using Split Second Graph Workspace Reports
With Split Second Graph Workspace Reports, you can embed the real-time data that is
available from InstantInfo popups, the Web Task Manager, and the Web Performance Monitor
into any workspace view.
For information on how to add a Workspace Report to a workspace view, see Adding
workspace reports to a workspace view (on page 278).
Using the Performance Monitor workspace report
The Performance Monitor workspace report allows you to add a graph that you create in the
Web Performance Monitor to a home workspace view.
To use the Performance Monitor workspace report:
1 In Web Performance Monitor, create and save the graph you want to use in the
Performance Monitor workspace report.
a) From the WhatsUp section of the GO menu, select Tools > Web Performance
Monitor. The Web Performance Monitor appears.
b) From the Graph menu, add the WMI and SMP counters that you want to graph.
c) After the graph is configured to show the data you want to see in the Performance
Monitor workspace report, select File > Save Graph as. The Save Graph dialog
appears.
d) Enter a name for the graph, then click OK. Your graph is saved and ready to use in the
Performance Monitor workspace report.
2 Add the Performance Monitor workspace report to a home workspace view.
a) From any home workspace view, click Add Content. The Add Content to View dialog
appears.
b) Expand the Split Second Graphs section, select Performance Monitor, then click
OK. The dialog closes and the home workspace view appears with the new
Performance Monitor workspace report added.
c) On the new Performance Monitor workspace report, click Menu > Configure. The
Configure Line Chart dialog appears.
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d) In Graph name list, select the graph you created. You can optionally configure any
other options on this dialog to your preferences.
e) Click OK. The dialog closes and the home workspace view appears with your custom
Web Performance Monitor graph displayed in the Performance Monitor workspace
report.
Viewing Real-time Data in Full Reports
For all full reports where real-time data is available, a second graph appears below the graph
showing historical data. This second graph displays poll data for the report in real-time,
updating every second.
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236
CHAPTER 16
Using Active Discovery
In This Chapter
About Active Discovery..................................................................................237
Configuring Active Discovery ......................................................................238
Enabling and disabling an Active Discovery task .................................240
Testing Active Discovery tasks.....................................................................241
About Active Discovery
With Active Discovery, you can schedule WhatsUp Gold to scan your network for new
monitors (active monitors and performance monitors) and devices on a regular basis. Newly
discovered items are added to the Active Discovery Results report, and WhatsUp Gold notifies
you that a new device was found, or a new monitor was found on an existing device. You can
then review the report and select the items you want to add to your device list.
Active Discovery works with two types of device discovery:
ƒ
SNMP SmartScan. WhatsUp Gold discovers devices by reading SNMP information on
your network. This scan type uses an SNMP enabled router to identify the devices in your
network and also identifies subnetworks within your network.
ƒ
IP Range Scan. WhatsUp Gold scans a range of IP addresses and finds the devices that
respond to a message sent via the Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP).
If the scan finds results, an email is generated and sent to the address you provide during
Active Discovery configuration. The email contains links to the reports that are populated by
the scan:
ƒ
Active Discovery Log shows the success or failure of the Active Discovery task, and any
devices and/or Monitors found during that scan.
ƒ
Active Discovery Results shows all new items found in the latest scan, or all unprocessed
items from previous scans. Through this report, you can add devices to the device list and
new monitors (Active Monitors and Performance Monitors) to the device monitors.
If an email notification is not specified (in the wizard), these reports are also available in the
System report list, on the Reports tab.
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Configuring Active Discovery
To configure an Active Discovery Task:
1 From the console main menu, select Configure > Active Discovery. The Active
Discovery dialog appears.
2
3
Click New to add a new task, or select an existing task and click Edit.
If you are adding a new task, follow the wizard to create the task.
- or -
If you are editing a task, you must click the sections you want to make changes to.
4 After the wizard is complete or your change edits are complete, the task is processed
according to the schedule you set for the task.
For more information on how to test your new task, see Testing Active Discovery tasks (on
page 241).
Scanning for new services on existing devices
If you want to scan the devices currently in your databases for new services, make sure that
you select the Scan for new services on existing devices option.
Clear the Scan for new services on existing devices option to keep your existing devices
from being scanned.
Example: configuring Active Discovery
In this example, we set up an Active Discovery task to scan our Atlanta network every
morning and send an email update to the network administrator.
To configure an Active Discovery task:
1 From the WhatsUp Gold console, select Configure > Active Discovery. The Active
Discovery dialog appears.
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2
Click New to add a new Task.
We completed the Add Active Discovery Task wizard example as follows:
Wizard screen
Settings
General
Task Name: Atlanta Network Sweep
Description: Daily scan of Atl net
Scan for new services on existing devices (selected)
Schedule
Enable Schedule (selected)
Schedule Time: 8:00 AM
Days: All days selected
Notification
Enable Email Notification (selected)
Email address: [email protected]
Outgoing mail (SMTP) server: 192.2.200.10
Port: 25
From: [email protected]
Scan Type
SNMP SmartScan (selected)
SNMP SmartScan Settings SNMP enabled router: 192.168.2.1
SNMP read communities: public
Windows credentials: none
Active/Performance
Monitors
Select Active Monitors to be used in the scan process: FTP, HTTP SMTP,
Ping
Select Performance Monitors to be used in the scan process: CPU
Utilization, Disk Utilization, Interface Utilization
Important: If you want to scan the devices currently in your databases for new services,
make sure you select the Scan for new services on existing devices option. Clear the
option to keep your existing devices from being scanned.
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3
Click OK to complete the wizard. The new task is displayed in the Active Discovery
dialog.
4
5
From the email, click the Active Discovery Results link to view the report.
Select the Discovery results (devices, services, or monitors found) you want to add to
your device group, then click Add.
Enabling and disabling an Active Discovery task
To stop an Active Discovery task from being executed:
1 From the WhatsUp Gold console main menu, select Configure > Active Discovery. The
Active Discovery dialog appears.
2 Select the task you want to stop, then click Edit.
3 Select the Schedule section.
4 Clear the Enable Schedule option to stop the task from being processed according to
the schedule.
5 Click OK to return to the Active Discovery dialog.
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Testing Active Discovery tasks
To test an active discovery task:
1 From the WhatsUp Gold console main menu, select Configure > Active Discovery. The
Active Discovery dialog appears.
2 Select the task you want to test and click Test.
3 WhatsUp Gold scans the network based on the settings for that Task. After the task is
complete, the Active Discovery Results dialog appears.
4 Review the dialog, then click OK to return to the Active Discovery dialog.
Note: The results of the Active Discovery test scan are not stored in the database and cannot
be processed.
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242
CHAPTER 17
Using Maps
In This Chapter
Using the Map View.........................................................................................243
About the Map View........................................................................................244
Using map display options ...........................................................................245
Using Arrange options....................................................................................246
Organizing devices ..........................................................................................247
Using device types ...........................................................................................247
Using grid properties ......................................................................................247
Grouping objects..............................................................................................248
Using the lock position...................................................................................248
Mapping fonts ...................................................................................................248
Organizing devices ..........................................................................................248
Using link lines...................................................................................................249
Using the Map View
Map View shows a graphical representation of the devices in a group. Map View can be used
to:
ƒ
Organize devices into user-specified groups, for example, all HTTP servers.
ƒ
Customize individual device icons such as workstations, containers, routers, and bridges.
ƒ
Indicate relationships among devices by using annotation objects such as rectangles,
ellipses, text, and "attached" or "free" lines to. Annotation objects let you organize your
map to best represent your network. Attached lines show a connection between devices
and move with the device.
ƒ
Show status of network link lines.
Map View is accessed on the Devices tab under View > Map View.
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About the Map View
Map View shows a graphical representation of your devices. As in Device View, each device's
icon provides information about its device type and status. Map View can also show the
status of network interfaces (by using link lines) and provide visual indications of polling
dependencies.
Current device state is shown by the color and shape of a device icon.
ƒ
Device ASA is a workstation that is currently up.
ƒ
Device HRA is a workstation that is currently in maintenance mode.
ƒ
Device JMA is an FTP server that is currently down.
ƒ
Device PDA has missed a poll, but has not yet missed enough polls to be considered
down.
ƒ
Devices ASA, HRA, RRA, JMA, and PDA are "Up" dependent on Router 1, as shown by the
green arrows pointing to the Router 1 device. These devices get polled only if Router 1 is
Up.
In addition, device icons can show complex states. For example, the icon to the
left shows a device that is accessible but has a monitor that is reporting as
down.
You can also use Map View to:
ƒ
Indicate relationships among devices by using annotation objects.
ƒ
Change the layout of devices and annotations.
Passive Monitors Icon
When a passive monitor is configured on a device, the device icon displays a diamond shape
on the upper left side.
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This shape changes color when an unacknowledged state change occurs on the monitor.
Once the device has been acknowledge, the icon returns to the above appearance.
For more information, see Using Map View (on page 243).
Map Limitations
By default, WhatsUp Gold will not display a map with more than 256 devices. You can change
this default within the registry keys, with the understanding that it will cause lengthy delays
by specifying larger device defaults.
Important: The more devices you allow on a map, the longer time you will wait for the map
to load.
To change map device limitations:
1 Go to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Ipswitch\Network Monitor\
WhatsUp Gold\Settings.
2 Change the MapView-MaxDevices registry key to a number greater than 256
(Decimal).
Note: If you want to change the text that displays when you reach the maximum device limit,
you can change it in the MapView-MaxDevicesMessage registry value. The default text is:
There are more devices on this Map than can be |drawn in a reasonable
time. Use the Device List |to manage devices for this Group. | |To
increase the maximum of (%ld) devices that |can be drawn per Map, look in
the online help |system for Map Device Limits.
The pipes (|) in the default text indicate line breaks in the text and the (%ld) is a variable for
the MapView-MaxDevicesMessage value.
Using map display options
Display options let you change the visual representation of a map, and add annotations that
help you monitor dependencies and active monitors. Right-click on the Map View, then select
from the following Display options.
ƒ
Device Icons. By default the map will show an icon for each device. If you only want to
show a dot, or node, to represent each device, then clear this selection.
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ƒ
Polling Dependency Arrows. If you have set up a device so that it gets polled only if a
second device is down or up (a dependency), then by default you will see an arrow that
shows this dependency. For example, if polling of device A is dependent on the state of
device B, the arrow will point from device A to device B.
ƒ
Unconnected Links. Select this option to make the map display short lines for links that
are not connected anywhere. If this is cleared, only connected links are displayed. This
could be a network interface that is not connected to another device. It could also be any
active monitor (such as HTTP, or SMTP), in which case, the short line will show green when
up and red when down.
ƒ
Snap to Grid. Select this option to display a grid and automatically align objects along
your grid when they come within a certain distance of it.
ƒ
Clip Device Names. Select this option if you want to shorten the device display names.
The display names will be terminated at the first space or period in the name. If the
display name is a dotted decimal IP address, Clip Device Names shows only the last digits
of the IP address.
ƒ
Wrap Device Names. Select this option to wrap long display names. The display names
will be wrapped at every space or period in the name.
Using Arrange options
Use the Arrange options to position device icons and annotations (such as lines, rectangles,
text) on a map.
For example, you can automatically arrange device icons:
1
In the toolbar, click the Select (arrow) tool, then click in the Map view and drag the
cursor to draw a box around the icons you want to select.
2 Then select Arrange > Arrange All Device Icons. This feature arranges all device icons
on the current map in equally spaced rows starting in the top left corner.
Other ways to arrange map objects include:
ƒ
Order. You can arrange which annotations are moved to the foreground or background.
ƒ
Align. You can arrange icons or annotations so they share a common edge or centerline.
ƒ
Distribute. You can arrange icons or annotations so they are spaced evenly along a line.
You can arrange icons in a radial format, in rows, or by links.
ƒ
Grouping. You can group selected annotations so that they can be arranged or moved as
a unit.
ƒ
Flip. You can transpose the location of two selected annotations.
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Organizing devices
In the console, the Map View has a number of options you can use to organize your view of
devices. Arrange options are available from the Arrange menu on the main menu bar and
right-click menu. Display options are available from the View menu on the main menu bar
and the right-click menu.
Try the different functions on the Arrange menu until you are satisfied with the device layout.
For example, to clean-up a map, after completing discovery, you can try the following
display options:
1 Select the device group, then click the Map View tab.
2 Right-click in the Map View, then select Display > Clip Device Names. This removes the
domain part of the device name and shows only the host name.
3 Select all devices in the view by clicking and dragging a selection box around all
devices. Then, from the Arrange menu, select Distribute > Device Icons in Rows.
If you have a large set of devices or want to represent a topology specific to your network,
you can also use the graphics annotations (such as lines, text, circles) and attached lines to
create custom map views.
Lock position can be useful in positioning objects on the map.
Using device types
The Device pool provides "Device Types" for ten standard device types; and some custom
host types. It also displays any galleries that have been created. When you click one of these
devices, it becomes the active tool. To add the device to the map, select and drag it to the
map.
Using grid properties
Set these properties from the WhatsUp Gold console Map view toolbar.
To view the toolbar:
ƒ
Select View > Toolbars > Grid.
ƒ
Snap to the grid. Select this option to display a grid and automatically align objects
along your grid when they come within a certain distance of it.
ƒ
Increase the number of gridlines. This allows you to display more gridlines, letting
you place items closer together when using Snap to the grid.
ƒ
Decrease the number of gridlines. This lowers the number of gridlines on your map
view, spacing them further apart when using Snap to the grid.
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Grouping objects
The Group function lets you change the layout of multiple map annotations in the Map view.
ƒ
Group. Allows multiple objects to be grouped together as a single object, which will make
all of the objects react to drawing transformations as one.
ƒ
Ungroup. Undoes the group effect so that all the objects that were originally grouped are
now separated objects once again. All transformations done when the object was
grouped are kept when the object is ungrouped.
Note: You can also use these features together. For example: You could take 4 different
objects and group them together to form 1 object. Then you could take the grouped object
and flip it horizontally or vertically.
Using the lock position
To lock objects on the map:
ƒ
Right-click and select Lock Position from the menu.
Lock Position keeps an object from moving as you move other items around, or when
adding devices to the map. If you want to change an object position on the map, remove
the "lock position" selection. It is helpful to lock images or text you place in the
background to protect them from changes.
Mapping fonts
You can specify the font used for device display names.
To change the font used in maps:
1 Click Change Font to open the standard Windows font selection dialog box.
2 Select the font properties you want to use and click OK.
3 The Sample Label (AaBbYyZz) shows the new font selection.
Organizing devices
Map View has a number of options you can use to organize your view of devices. Arrange
options are available from the Arrange menu on the main menu bar and right-click menu.
Display options are available from the View menu on the main menu bar and the right-click
menu.
Try the different functions on the Arrange menu until you are satisfied with the topology.
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If you have a large set of devices or want to represent a topology specific to your network,
you can also use the graphics tools to create custom map views.
For example, to clean-up a map, after completing discovery, you can try the following
display options:
1 Select the device group, and click the Map View tab.
2 Right-click in the Map View and select Display > Clip Device Names. This removes the
domain part of the device name and shows only the host name.
3 Select all devices in the view by clicking and dragging a selection box around all
devices. Then, from the Arrange menu, select Distribute > Device Icons in Rows.
Using link lines
You can use Link lines to get a graphical view of the network link (the Interface service)
between two devices. Link lines can also show the status of any service which has an Active
Monitor on the device.
The following example shows a map with link lines displayed.
There are three ways to set up the connecting link lines:
1
Manually, in the Map View select a device, then right-click the Link > Link to option on
the context menu. (Click Link > Disconnect link to remove the link between devices)
a) Select a monitor for which you want to display a link line, then click OK. The link line
cursor appears.
b) Drag the cursor to another device and click to create a link.
2 Automatically, during device discovery when using SNMP SmartScan (Click File >
Discover Devices > SNMP SmartScan)
Note: The Interface service must be included in the scan.
3
Automatically, when you right-click a device, then click Properties > Active Monitors
> Discover.
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Note: When you use one of the automatic discover options, particularly when discovering
interfaces on a router or switch, you need to enter the SNMP community string in the
appropriate scan dialog. This lets the scan identify all the interfaces on the device.
If scanning a specific device (from the Device Properties > Active Monitors dialog), with
the device selected, right-click Properties, then select Credentials. In the SNMP v1/v2/v3
credentials box, select the Public Read Community. Click Active Monitors, then click
Discover.
When creating links manually, you are always creating a connected link. If there was an
unconnected link for the service, it will be replaced by the connected link.
Both connect and disconnect skips the dialog if there is only one active monitor on the device
because it assumes you meant that monitor.
In the graphic above, there are two link lines connected by a dot in the center of the line
between the two devices. This shows that the devices are linked both directions. This is done
by repeating the process above from the second device, back to the first. Now, when one of
the links goes down, you can see on which side the problem occurs.
Using attached lines
Attached lines show an arbitrary connection between devices. When you move two devices
that are connected by attach lines, the attach lines also move. Attach lines are visual
representations assigned by the user, and not a reflection of a true connection between the
two devices. The true connection between the two devices is done with Link lines.
To draw an attached line:
1 In the Map View, right-click a device. The right-click menu appears.
2 Click Attach > Attach to. A line displays next to the cursor.
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3
Click the device icon you want to attach to. WhatsUp Gold draws an attached line
between the two devices.
Note: Each device can attach to up to five other devices.
Connecting links
Connecting links represent a service, for example an interface, that connects two devices.
They are drawn as lines from one device to another. If two devices have mutual links, the
single line can consist of more than one color (if one object is up and the other is down). The
center-point of the line back to the up object is green, while the other half of the line going to
the down object is red. In essence, the color of the line represents the state of the service on
the host that the color touches.
Example
If the red part of the line touches "System A" and the green part of the line touches "System
B", then we know that some service on "System A" is the problem.
About unconnected links
Unconnected links represent a service that is not connected to some other host, for instance
an unused interface on a router. They are drawn as short lines extending out from the host.
The first unconnected interface is drawn straight up ("12 noon") and the rest are evenly
distributed around the host in a clockwise fashion. You can choose to display or not display
the unconnected links.
As these unconnected links show any service for which the device has an active monitor, you
can use this feature to show a visual status of the services. For example, though the device is
up (green), you may see that one of the unconnected links is down (red) and will know to
check the services on the device.
Showing unconnected links
Unconnected links must be shown for all or none of the devices in a map.
To show unconnected links for all devices:
1 Right-click in Map View to display the pop-up menu.
2 Then, select Display > Unconnected Links.
Repeat these steps to disable Unconnected Links.
The Unconnected Links option makes the map display short lines for links that are not
connected anywhere. If this is cleared, only connected links are displayed. This could be a
network interface that is not connected to another device. It could also be any active monitor
(such as HTTP, or SMTP), in which case, the short line will show green when up and red when
down.
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Creating connected link lines
There are three ways to set up the connecting link lines:
1
Manually, in the Map View select a device, then right-click the Link > Link to option on
the context menu. (Click Link > Disconnect link to remove the link between devices)
a) Select a monitor for which you want to display a link line, then click OK. The link line
cursor appears.
b) Drag the cursor to another device and click to create a link.
2 Automatically, during device discovery when using SNMP SmartScan (Click File >
Discover Devices > SNMP SmartScan)
Note: The Interface service must be included in the scan.
3
Automatically, when you right-click a device, then click Properties > Active Monitors
> Discover.
Note: When you use one of the automatic discover options, particularly when discovering
interfaces on a router or switch, you need to enter the SNMP community string in the
appropriate scan dialog. This lets the scan identify all the interfaces on the device.
If scanning a specific device (from the Device Properties > Active Monitors dialog), with
the device selected, right-click Properties, then select Credentials. In the SNMP v1/v2/v3
credentials box, select the Public Read Community. Click Active Monitors, then click
Discover.
When creating links manually, you are always creating a connected link. If there was an
unconnected link for the service, it will be replaced by the connected link.
Both connect and disconnect skips the dialog if there is only one active monitor on the
device because it assumes you meant that monitor.
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CHAPTER 18
Using the Program Options
In This Chapter
Changing the date and time format..........................................................253
Changing how long report data is stored................................................254
Changing the device state colors or icons ..............................................255
Changing clock/regional preferences.......................................................256
Changing the date and time format
To change the date and time format:
1 From the WhatsUp Gold main menu, select Configure > Program Options.
2 Select the Regional section.
3
4
For each of the three date formats, select the one that best suits your needs.
Click OK.
These formats can be seen in use on several of the reports available on the Reports view.
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Changing how long report data is stored
Ping Active Monitor data is stored in the WhatsUp Gold database to populate the
Performance reports available in the application.
1
2
From the main menu, select Configure > Program Options.
In Program Options, select Report Data.
3
On the Report Data section, you can change the settings for raw data, hourly data, and
daily data.
4 Click OK to save the changes.
You can see how many rows in the database that the data takes up by viewing the numbers
under the time settings.
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Changing the device state colors or icons
To change the device state colors or icons:
1 From the main menu, select Configure > Program Options.
2 In Program Options, select Device States.
3
4
5
To change an existing icon or state, select the entry from the list and click Edit.
Adjust the shape and color of the icon using the settings in the Device State Editor.
Click OK to save changes.
If the default settings do not fit your needs, click Add to create a new device state, using the
internal state and state time that you need.
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Changing clock/regional preferences
To use a 24-hour clock instead of the default 12-hour clock:
1 From the WhatsUp Gold main menu, select Configure > Program Options.
2 Select the Regional section.
3
4
Select the Use 24 hour clock option.
Click OK.
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CHAPTER 19
Using Full Reports
In This Chapter
Learning about full reports ...........................................................................257
List of full reports..............................................................................................260
About report refresh intervals .....................................................................263
Printing, exporting, and saving full reports ............................................264
Report column sizing and sorting ..............................................................265
Changing the report date range .................................................................265
Adding report to your list of favorites.......................................................266
Using Recurring Reports ................................................................................267
Learning about full reports
Full reports are used to troubleshoot and monitor performance and historical data that has
been collected during the operation of the application.
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From the WhatsUp Gold console, you can access full reports by clicking the Reports
button on the console toolbar.
Report categories
Reports in WhatsUp Gold are broken down by the scope and the type of information
displayed within each report.
There are three categories for full reports based on the scope of information displayed:
ƒ
System. These reports display system-wide information. System reports do not focus on a
particular device nor a specific device group. For example, the General Error Log and the
Web User Activity Log are system reports.
ƒ
Group. These reports display information relating to a specific device group. For
example, the Group State Change Timeline and the Group Actions Applied reports are
group reports.
ƒ
Device. These reports display information relating to a specific device. For example, the
Device Status Report is a device report.
There are three categories for full reports based on the type of information displayed:
ƒ
Performance. These reports display information gathered from WMI and SNMP
Performance Monitors regarding your network devices' CPU, disk, interface, and memory
utilization; and ping latency and availability. For example, the Device Custom
Performance Monitors and the Group Memory Utilization reports are performance
reports.
Note: By default, performance data is not collected for the monitors assigned to the devices
in your database. To begin collecting performance data for a device, right-click on a device
on the Devices tab and select Properties from the context menu. In the Device Properties
dialog, select Performance Monitors and choose the monitors you want to apply to the
selected device.
ƒ
Problem Areas. These are troubleshooting reports that allow you to investigate network
issues. For example, the Group Active Monitor Outage and the Passive Monitor Error Log
are problem area reports.
ƒ
General. These reports display information on your WhatsUp Gold settings and
diagnostics, as well as device-specific and user-configured details. For example, the
Home, Top 10, and Device Status workspaces/full reports are general reports.
Advantages of full Reports
ƒ
Larger than workspace reports, full reports give you a larger data view, which can be
useful in pin-pointing the time an event occurred or viewing multiple graphed items.
Many workspace reports link to full reports, so that you can view this larger data view to
troubleshoot.
ƒ
The date range on full reports can be zoomed in or out so that you can get a smaller or
larger picture of what's going on with an aspect of the network.
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ƒ
A list in the upper-right corner of a full report screen allows you to navigate to other
reports in the same category. When you use this list to navigate to another report, the
date range selected in the report you are navigating away from is transferred to any
report you view subsequently.
ƒ
Much of the data in full reports can be exported to Microsoft Excel or to a formatted text
file.
About System Reports
System reports display system-wide information. System reports do not focus on a particular
device nor a specific device group, but rather all devices that fall under a certain category. For
example, when choosing to view the General Error Log, all errors that occurred on your
network are listed, regardless to which group a device belongs.
When viewing a system report, take note of the features made available to you to enhance
your report viewing experience:
The report Date/Time Picker located in the middle of the page allows you to easily change
the time period for the report you are viewing.
The More System Reports drop-down menu allows you to easily jump to other system
reports, or to bring up the report picker to select from all full reports.
To the right of the More System Reports drop-down are the report icons:
ƒ
Export. Allows you to export a report into text or Microsoft Excel.
ƒ
Favorites. Allows you to add a report to your list of Favorites.
ƒ
Help. Brings up the WhatsUp Gold help system.
About Group Reports
Group reports display information relating to a specific device group. For example, when
choosing to view the Group Actions Applied report, you must choose to which group the
report applies and will view only Actions applied in that specific group.
When viewing a group report, take note of the features made available to you to enhance
your report viewing experience:
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Along with the Date/Time Picker and the report icons also available to you when viewing
system reports, there are two other features unique to group reports.
ƒ
The More Group Reports drop-down menu allows you to easily jump to other group
reports, or to bring up the report picker to select from all full reports.
ƒ
The All Devices button, located to the right of the Reports tab, brings up the Device
Group Picker dialog. From this dialog you can choose a group for the report you are
viewing.
About Device Reports
Device reports display information relating to a specific device. For example, when choosing
to view the CPU Utilization report for a specific device, only CPU utilization information is
listed for the specific device you choose for the report.
When viewing a device report, take note of the features made available to you to enhance
your report viewing experience:
Along with the Date/Time Picker and the report icons also available to you when viewing
system and group reports, there are a few other features unique to device reports.
ƒ
The More Device Reports drop-down menu allows you to easily jump to other device
reports, or to bring up the report picker to select from all full reports.
ƒ
The Device Picker button located directly to the right of the Reports tab allows you to
change the device-in-context for the report you are viewing.
ƒ
The Device Properties button to the right of the Device Picker button brings up the
Device Properties for the device-in-context.
ƒ
The Chart Properties button allows you to change the graph properties. These property
configurations are user-specific.
List of full reports
The following is a list of all reports that are available in Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold v12.
System reports
Type
Description
Action Log
Problem Area
A record of all Actions that WhatsUp attempts to fire.
Active Discovery Log
General
A record of all Active Discovery task results.
Activity Log
General
A history of system-wide configuration and application
initialization messages generated by WhatsUp Gold for
the selected time period.
General Error Log
Problem Area
A record of error messages generated by WhatsUp.
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System reports
Type
Description
Passive Monitor Error Log
Problem Area
A record of Passive Monitor errors reported by WhatsUp.
Performance Monitor Error
Log
Problem Area
A record of Performance Monitor errors reported by
WhatsUp.
Recurring Action Log
General
Results of Recurring Action executions.
Recurring Report Log
General
Results of Recurring Report executions.
Remote Site Log
Problem Area
A record of messages generated by Remote Server
connection attempts. Available in WhatsUp Gold MSP
and WhatsUp Gold Distributed editions.
Remote Site Status
Problem Area
View the Remote Location State of devices and Active
Monitors. Available only in the central installation of
WhatsUp Gold MSP and WhatsUp Gold Distributed
editions.
SNMP Trap Log
Problem Area
A history of SNMP traps that have occurred during the
selected time period. If the SNMP Trap Passive Monitor
Listener is configured to listen for messages, any
messages received are recorded in the SNMP Trap Log.
State Change
Acknowledgement
Problem Area
When a device state changes, regardless of any action
that has been placed on the device, WhatsUp Gold uses
the Acknowledgement feature to make you aware that
the state change occurred. This report can be used to
view the devices which require acknowledgement and
then acknowledge them.
Syslog Entries
Problem Area
Syslog events logged during the selected time period. If
the Syslog Passive Monitor Listener is configured to
listen for messages, any messages received are recorded
in the Syslog Entries log.
Web User Activity Log
General
Shows the history of user activity on the system.
Windows Event Log
Problem Area
Shows Windows events logged for all devices during the
selected time period. If the Windows Event Passive
Monitor Listener is configured to listen for messages, any
messages received are recorded in the Windows Event
Log.
Group reports
Type
Description
Actions Applied
General
The Group Actions Applied report shows how Actions
are applied to devices and Monitors in the current
group. Each entry shows an action and the device,
Monitor and state that triggered it.
Active Monitor Availability
Problem Area
Compare the amount of time the Active Monitors on
your devices have been available.
Active Monitor Outage
Problem Area
Compare the amount of time the Active Monitors on
your devices have been down.
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Group reports
Type
Description
CPU Utilization
Performance
CPU utilization statistics for devices by group.
Disk Utilization
Performance
Disk space utilization statistics for devices by group.
Health
Problem Area
The current status of monitored devices in the selected
group, along with each Monitor configured to those
devices.
Interface Utilization
Performance
Interface traffic and utilization for devices by group.
Memory Utilization
Performance
Memory utilization statistics for devices by group.
Ping Availability
Performance
Ping availability statistics for devices by group.
Ping Response Time
Performance
Ping response times for devices by group.
Quarterly Availability
Summary
General
Shows the availability summary for a group.
State Change Timeline
Problem Area
A timeline of when each Monitor on a device in the
selected group changed from one state to another
during the selected time period.
State Summary
General
A summary of device states organized by device group.
Device reports
Type
Description
Active Monitor Availability
Problem Area
Find out when the Active Monitors on your device have
been accessible.
CPU Utilization
Performance
CPU utilization statistics for a device.
Custom Performance
Monitors
Performance
View information on your devices collected by
Performance Monitors.
Device Status
General
A detailed look at a specific device.
Disk Utilization
Performance
Disk space and utilization statistics for a device.
Health
Problem Area
Displays the current status (a snapshot) of the selected
device and all Monitors on that device. Each Monitor
shows its own device state, the current status of each
item, how long the device has been in that status, and
the time that status was first reported.
Interface Utilization
Performance
Interface traffic and utilization statistics.
Memory Utilization
Performance
Memory utilization statistics for a device.
Performance Monitor Error
Log
Problem Area
A record of Performance Monitor errors for an individual
device.
Ping Availability
Performance
Availability statistics for a device.
Ping Response Time
Performance
Ping response times for an individual device.
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Device reports
Type
Description
SNMP Trap Log
Problem Area
A history of SNMP traps that have occurred for the
selected device during the selected time period. If the
SNMP Trap Passive Monitor Listener is configured to
listen for messages, any messages received are recorded
in the SNMP Trap Log.
State Change Timeline
Problem Area
This report shows a timeline of when each Monitor on
the selected device changed from one state to another
during the selected time period.
Syslog Entries
Problem Area
This report shows syslog events logged for the selected
device during the selected time period. If the Syslog
Passive Monitor Listener is configured to listen for
messages, any messages received are recorded in the
Syslog Entries Log.
Windows Event Log
Problem Area
This report shows Windows events logged for the
selected device during the selected time period. If the
Windows Event Passive Monitor Listener is configured to
listen for messages, any messages received are recorded
in the Windows Event Log.
About report refresh intervals
Reports are refreshed at an interval specified in the User Preferences dialog called the report
refresh interval. The default report refresh interval is 120 seconds.
Note: The report refresh interval is user specific and is only applied to the user account
logged-in at the time the change is made.
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To change the report refresh interval:
1 Open the User Preferences dialog.
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ On the WhatsUp section, select Configure >Preferences.
2 Enter a new time (in seconds) for the report refresh interval in the Full report field.
3 Click OK to save changes.
Printing, exporting, and saving full reports
All full reports can be printed and many can be exported into text or Microsoft Excel. In some
cases, exported reports show more detailed data than that of the data displayed in the report
in Report View. For example, an exported report my contain more data columns, or a floating
data point with higher precision. For either the print or export functions to work, Client Side
JavaScript must be enabled. Full reports can also be saved for later review.
To print a full report:
While viewing the full report you wish to print:
1
2
3
Right-click anywhere inside the report window.
From the right-menu, select Print.
On the Print dialog, click Print.
- or -
4
Select File > Print.
On the Print dialog, click Print.
To export a full report to text:
While viewing the full report you wish to export:
1
2
3
On the Report Toolbar, click the Export button.
On the Export Report dialog, select Export to Text.
Clear or select the following options: Include report title, Include column names to
either include or remove the report title or column names from the exported file.
4 Choose a Column delimeter from the drop-down menu.
5 Choose a Text qualifier from the drop-down menu.
6 Click OK to export the report to text.
To export a full report to Microsoft Excel:
While viewing the full report you wish to export:
1
2
3
On the Report Toolbar, click the Export button.
On the Export Report dialog, select Export to Excel.
Clear or select the following options: Include report title, Include column names to
either include or remove the report title or column names from the exported file.
4 Click OK to export the report to Excel.
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To save a full report:
While viewing the full report you wish to save:
1
2
Select File > Save As.
In the Save Web Page dialog, browse to the location you wish to save your file from the
Save in box.
3 Give the file a title in the File name box.
4 Choose the type of file you wish to save the report as from the Save as type box.
5 Click Save.
Report column sizing and sorting
All full report columns can be resized. You can resize a report column by clicking on the edge
of the report title box and moving it either left or right.
When a report column is resized, the new size is saved and used again each time the report is
viewed.
Most full report columns can be sorted. You can sort by left-clicking a column heading. The
report column then automatically sorts itself either ascending or descending. The column's
sort direction is indicated with an upward, or downward pointing arrow.
As in column sizing, column sorting settings are saved and are used again each time the
report is viewed.
Both column sizing and sorting are maintained on a per user basis, and only for the report in
which the column changes are made.
Changing the report date range
Date/Time picker
Most full reports have a date range selection tool (date/time picker) that you can use to
change the range of data you are viewing in the report. This tool is useful in controlling the
amount of information that you are viewing on a report.
You can select both start and end times for the report.
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You can select from the following date ranges:
ƒ
Today
ƒ
Yesterday
ƒ
Last week
ƒ
Last month
ƒ
Week to date
ƒ
Month to date
ƒ
Last 4 hours
ƒ
Last 8 hours
ƒ
Last 3 days
ƒ
Last 7 days
ƒ
Last 30 days
ƒ
Custom
The date and time format for full reports matches the format specified in Program Options >
Regional.
Zoom tool
The Zoom toolbar allows you to zoom the current date range in or out by selecting the zoom
in our zoom out icons. The arrows on the toolbar control moving the selected date range
forward and backward one calendar day.
Clicking outside the chart
Another way to move the report date backward and forward is to click in the space outside of
the chart report. Clicking the space to the right of the chart will move the selected date
forward, while clicking to the left will move the selected date backward.
Adding report to your list of favorites
As you're viewing reports, you may find that you tend to visit certain reports more than
others. WhatsUp Gold allows you to save these reports to your list of favorites so that you can
easily navigate to them.
To add a report to your list of favorites:
1 Select a report to view from the WhatsUp Gold Reports tab.
2 Click the Favorites button located in the upper right side of the report page.
To remove a report from your list of favorites:
1 Navigate to your list of favorites from the Report Overview page.
2 Click the Remove button next to the report(s) you wish to remove from your list of
favorites.
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Using Recurring Reports
Recurring reports let you send a "snapshot" of selected WhatsUp Gold Workspace Report or
Full Report to email addresses at regularly scheduled intervals. This feature provides a way to
easily receive reports or send them to other team members who need reports at specified
intervals.
Recurring reports can be sent either in the body of the email message generated or as an
attached Archived Web Page (.mht) file.
Configuring Recurring Reports
To create a new Recurring Report:
Important: Recurring reports for workspace reports that include Split Second Graphs display
a user rights error. Currently, Split Second Graphs are not supported in recurring reports.
Note: Recurring reports are sent in a fixed format that cannot be modified. They may not
appear as expected, depending on your email client and your email preferences. If this is the
case, you can send the reports as attachments.
Note: Recurring reports of workspace reports can only be sent as attachments.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
From the WhatsUp Gold console, select Configure > Recurring Reports.
On the Recurring Reports dialog, click New to create a new report.
On the General dialog, enter a title for the report in the Report name box.
Enter the full URL path to the report.
You can find this path by selecting a report in the web interface. The URL shown in the
address bar is the URL you need to enter in the URL box. You can use "localhost" - or - the
configured IP address for the WhatsUp computer in the report URL.
Click Next.
On the Schedule dialog, select the date and time on which to send the report.
Click Next.
On the E-mail dialog, enter the Email (SMTP) information for the Email address to which
you are sending the report.
ƒ
E-mail address. Enter an email address for where you would like the report sent.
ƒ
Outgoing mail (SMTP) server. Enter the SMTP server for your network.
ƒ
Port. Enter the port number for the mail server.
ƒ
From. Enter an email address for whom is sending the report. The default address is
from WhatsUp Gold.
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Subject. Enter a subject for the report email.
ƒ
9
Send reports as attachments. Select this option to have reports sent as attachments,
rather than inline text within the original email. Workspace reports can only be sent as
attachments.
Click Finish to add the report.
To edit an existing Recurring Report:
1 From the From the WhatsUp Gold console, select Configure > Recurring Reports.
2 On the Recurring Reports dialog, select an existing Recurring Report and click Edit.
3 Follow through the Recurring Report dialogs as you would for creating a new Recurring
Report.
Testing Recurring Reports
To test a recurring report before the scheduled time and date:
1 From the console, select Configure > Recurring Reports.
2 On the Recurring Reports dialog, select a report and click Test.
3 After the test is complete, a pop-up message tells you whether the test was successful.
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CHAPTER 20
Understanding and Using
Workspaces
In This Chapter
Learning about workspaces .........................................................................269
About types of workspaces...........................................................................270
Managing Workspace Views ........................................................................275
Navigating through workspace views ......................................................278
About workspace content.............................................................................278
Adding workspace reports to a workspace view ..................................278
Learning about workspaces
The WhatsUp Home workspace is the first screen you see after logging in to the web
interface. This is your personal, customizable Home portal, or workspace.
Workspaces in WhatsUp Gold are designed to be user-specific, and are configurable to
include workspace reports specific to users' needs. Workspaces contain multiple views that let
you organize various workspace reports by the type of information they display. When you
begin customizing your workspace views, you should consider the types of information you
need to view most often, the devices in which you need to pay closest attention, and what
level of detail you want to monitor through a particular workspace view. You should also take
into consideration the type of workspace, and the types of workspace reports you can add to
a particular workspace type.
Home and Device Status workspaces
Home workspaces can display both Home- and Device-level workspace reports. You can
place any workspace report on a Home workspace; mixing and matching summary, group,
and device-specific data.
Changes that you make to a workspace view only affect your user account. If you decide to
completely change all of the workspace views under your account, your user account will be
the only account affected by these changes. For more information, see Managing workspace
views (on page 275).
Device Status workspaces are limited to display only Device-level workspace reports. Only
workspace reports specific to a single device can be placed on a device workspace. When you
change the device-in-context, the reports displayed show data corresponding to the newly
selected device. For more information, see Adding workspace reports to a workspace view (on
page 278).
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About types of workspaces
The WhatsUp web interface has three types of workspaces:
ƒ
Home (on page 270)
ƒ
Device Status (on page 271)
ƒ
Top 10 (on page 273)
Each of the workspace types supports multiple user-defined views and up to 15 small reports
known as workspace reports can be displayed within each view. These workspace reports
show content ranging from Current Interface and CPU utilization to Syslog messages. It’s up
to you to decide which content is most important.
About the Home Workspace
Home Workspace
The WhatsUp Gold Home Workspace is the first screen that you see after you log in to the web
interface. Referred to as "Home," this universal workspace is designed to house the network
information that you need most visible.
The Home Workspace can display both Home- and Device-level workspace reports. You can
place any workspace report on a Home workspace; mixing and matching summary, group,
and device-specific data.
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The content of this Workspace varies for each user. Changes that you make to a workspace
view only affect your user account. This Workspace should contain the information about
your network that is most important to you. This Workspace comes with some stock content
such as Devices with Down Active Monitors and Top 10 Devices by Ping Response Time, although
these reports can and should be replaced by the reports that are most relevant to your job.
The Home Workspace also includes three starter views:
ƒ
General
ƒ
Problem Areas 1
ƒ
Problem Areas 2
Each workspace view includes several default workspace reports that you can decide to keep,
alter, or remove. You can also add other workspace reports to these views. For more
information, see Adding workspace reports to your Home Workspace (on page 278).
You can create your own workspace views for the Home workspace through the Manage
Workspace Views (on page 275) dialog.
About the Device Status workspace
Device Status workspace
The Device Status Workspace is very similar to the Home Workspace, but the Device Status
workspace is limited to display only Device-level workspace reports. Only workspace reports
specific to a single device can be placed on a device workspace.
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The Device Status Workspace is designed to present relevant information about the health
and performance of a single monitored device. Throughout the Web interface you will see
. All of these links point to the Device Status
links to devices, such as
Workspace for the particular device. If there is a potential problem with a monitored device,
the Device Status is a good place to look for more information on the device status. The
Device Status Workspace includes several stock workspace views:
ƒ
Disk/CPU/Memory
ƒ
General
ƒ
Problem Areas
ƒ
Router/Switch/Interface
There are many different types of devices with a variety of features and services that can be
monitored. The Workspace Views let you select a view that is most appropriate for the
individual device. Each time the report is visited, it displays the last view that was selected for
a device.
The Disk/CPU/Memory View is most appropriate for a Windows or UNIX host that supports
the Host Resources MIB for performance monitoring. The Router/Switch/Interface View is
most appropriate for a manageable Switch or Router that is capable of reporting Interface or
Bandwidth utilization.
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The device name and icon displays at the top of the Device Status report. You can click the
device name, for example 192.168.5.151, to change the focus of the report to another device
without leaving the report.
For more information, see Adding workspace reports to a Device Status workspace (on page
278).
About the Top 10 workspace
The Top 10 workspace
The WhatsUp Gold Top 10 workspace displays the Top 10 full reports for your network
devices. The role of the Top 10 Workspace is to show devices, at a glance, that may be
potential problems and to provide information on the current health of your network
devices. It is pre-configured to include workspace reports that display data on the top
network devices by:
ƒ
Interface Utilization
ƒ
Disk Utilization
ƒ
Interface Traffic
ƒ
CPU Utilization
ƒ
Ping Response Time
ƒ
Memory Utilization
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Unlike the Home and Device Status workspaces, the Top 10 workspace is designed with only
the General workspace view. You can customize the general view in the same way you can
other workspace views by removing the default workspace reports and/or adding other Top
10 and Threshold workspace reports. For more information, see Adding workspace reports to
your Home Workspace (on page 278).
The Top 10 Workspace also displays threshold reports. These reports let you set a threshold to
filter out items that do not match a specified criteria. For example, the Interface Utilization
Threshold report could have been used (in the example above) instead of the Interface Top
10 report, to filter out the interfaces that are not above 50% utilization. Using this approach,
only interfaces with significant usage would be shown.
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Managing Workspace Views
WhatsUp Gold comes with a few pre-configured workspace "views," including one for Default
Remote Sites. You can create more of your own workspace views to use along with the preconfigured views. You can create as many as you feel necessary to organize your system for
efficient reporting. You can also edit, copy, copy to (another user), and delete these views as
needed.
From the Workspace View list, select Manage Workspace Views.
In the Manage Workspace Views dialog, you can create new workspace views, and edit, copy,
or delete an existing workspace view.
ƒ
Click New to configure a new workspace.
ƒ
Select an existing workspace view and click Edit to change the current configuration of a
workspace.
ƒ
Double-click an existing workspace to change its configuration.
ƒ
Select a workspace view, then click Copy to make a copy of that workspace and add it to
the list.
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ƒ
Select a workspace view, then click Copy to to copy an existing workspace from here to
another user's list of workspaces.
ƒ
Select a workspace monitor view, then click Delete to remove it from the list.
To create a new workspace view:
1 From the Manage Workspace Views dialog, select New. The New Workspace View dialog
appears.
2
Enter the appropriate information in the following fields:
ƒ
View name. Enter a name for the workspace view.
ƒ
View type. Choose a type for the workspace view from the drop-down menu.
ƒ
Column count. Enter a value for the number of columns you wish to have in the new
workspace view. Keep in mind, the more columns you include, the smaller the data
displayed inside a workspace.
ƒ Enter a value in pixels for each of the workspace columns.
3 Click OK to save changes.
To edit a workspace view:
1 From the Manage Workspace Views dialog, select Edit. The Edit Workspace View dialog
appears.
2 Enter the appropriate information in the following fields:
ƒ
Workspace name. The workspace title as it appears in the Workspace Library.
ƒ
Workspace type. The workspace type as it appears in the Workspace Library (Home
or Device).
Note: Workspace view types cannot be changed after a view is created. For example, a
Home workspace type cannot be changed later to a Device Status workspace type.
ƒ
Column count. The number of columns in the workspace.
ƒ Column width. The width of each column in the workspace in pixels.
3 Click OK to save changes.
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To copy an existing workspace view:
1 From the Manage Workspace Views dialog, select Copy. The Edit Workspace View
dialog appears.
2
Enter the appropriate information in the following fields:
ƒ
Workspace name. The workspace title as it appears in the Workspace Library.
ƒ
Column count. The number of columns in the workspace.
ƒ Column width. The width of each column in the workspace in pixels.
3 Click OK to save changes.
To copy a workspace view to another WhatsUp Gold user:
1 From the From the Manage Workspace Views dialog, select Copy to. The Edit
Workspace View dialog appears.
2
Enter the appropriate information into the following fields:
ƒ
Copy to user. Select a user account from the drop-down menu in which to copy the
workspace view.
ƒ
3
View name. The name of the workspace view as it will appear in the Workspace
Library.
Click OK to save.
To delete a workspace view:
1 From the From the Manage Workspace Views dialog, click Delete.
2 Click OK on the dialog that follows.
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Navigating through workspace views
The main way to navigate from one workspace view to another is through the Workspace
Toolbar. From here you can add content to a workspace, manage your workspace and
workspace views, and access the WhatsUp Gold help system.
The Workspace Toolbar
ƒ
Add Content. Use this button to add workspace reports to your workspace views.
ƒ
Workspace View. Use this drop-down menu to edit your workspace views and to switch
between workspace views.
ƒ
Help. Use this button to view the WhatsUp Gold Help for the window you are currently
viewing.
About workspace content
Workspace reports are smaller versions of the full reports. The workspace reports are
displayed within WhatsUp Gold workspace views. For more information, see Understanding
and using workspaces (on page 269).
To add, remove, and move workspace reports to a workspace view:
ƒ
To add a report, click Add content on the Workspace Toolbar to bring up the
Workspace Report Picker. On the Add Content to View dialog, you can select multiple
workspace reports, from multiple categories. A preview for the workspace report is
displayed at the bottom of the dialog. For more information see, Adding workspace reports
to a Device Status workspace (on page 278).
ƒ
To remove a report, go to the menu for that workspace report and select Close. Keep in
mind, when you remove a report, any customizations you have made to it are lost.
ƒ
To move a workspace report, click on a report's title bar and drag it to a new space in the
workspace view.
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Adding workspace reports to a workspace view
You can customize a workspace by adding additional reports to the workspace view. Click
Add Content to add additional reports to the workspace view.
The reports that are available to add will vary, depending on the current workspace type.
Home Workspace Views can display any available workspace report, while Device Status
Workspace Views only present the reports that apply to a single device. There are a large
number of available reports, so they have been categorized based on their function. The icon
to the left of each report indicates the type of of report listed. Report types include tabular,
pie charts, line charts, gauges, and more. When you select a report in the list, a report preview
shows in the Preview pane below the list.
To add a report to a workspace:
1 Open the workspace view to which you want to add content.
2 In the Workspace toolbar, click Add Content. The Add Content To View page appears.
3
Click the button next to a report category folder, then click a report option box for
each report(s) you want to add to the workspace. A preview image for each workspace
report is displayed at the bottom of the dialog.
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For example, click to expand the Ping Availability and Response Time category, select
the Last 4 Hours (Single Device Response Time) option.
4
Click OK to save changes. The new report is added to the workspace view.
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282
CHAPTER 21
Using Workspace Reports
In This Chapter
Learning about workspace reports............................................................283
List of workspace reports...............................................................................285
About the workspace report menu ...........................................................297
Configuring a workspace report .................................................................297
Moving Workspace Reports within a workspace view........................299
Device Group Mini Status workspace report..........................................300
Learning about workspace reports
WhatsUp Gold offers a collection of more than 100 configurable workspace reports for
display in workspace views. These smaller reports show similar information to that found in
the full reports. Because of their smaller size, multiple reports can be placed in a workspace
view, making it possible to view multiple reports simultaneously.
Device and Home workspace reports
Like workspaces, workspace reports are also typed as either Device or Home:
ƒ
Device workspace reports are displayable in Device workspaces, such as the Device
Status workspace.
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Home workspace reports are displayable in Home workspaces, such as the your default
Home workspace.
Workspace report categories
Workspace reports are broken down into categories according to the type of information
they display:
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CPU Utilization. These workspace reports display information pertaining to device and
network CPU levels.
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Custom Performance Monitors. These workspace reports display information pertaining
to your custom performance monitors.
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Disk Utilization. These workspace reports display information pertaining to device and
network disk levels.
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General. These workspace reports display information on your WhatsUp Gold settings
and diagnostics, as well as device-specific and user-configured details.
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Interface Utilization. These workspace reports display information pertaining to device
and network interfaces.
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Inventory. These workspace reports provide a break-down of network devices and their
settings, including Actions, monitors, and policies.
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Memory Utilization. These workspace reports display information pertaining to device
and network memory levels.
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Performance (Historic and Last Poll). These workspace reports display information
gathered from WMI and SNMP Performance Monitors regarding your network devices'
CPU, disk, interface, and memory utilization; and ping latency and availability.
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Ping Availability and Response Time. These workspace reports display information
pertaining to device ping availability, response time, and packet loss.
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Problem Areas. These are trouble-shooting workspace reports that allow you to
investigate network issues.
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Remote/Central (included in the WhatsUp Gold Distributed, and MSP Editions). These
include a variety of workspace reports for the Remote Sites that you are monitoring with
the WhatsUp Gold Central Site.
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Split Second Graphs (included in the WhatsUp Gold Premium, Distributed, and MSP
Editions). These are real-time graphs that display information on SNMP and WMI
performance counters. These reports allow you to include the real-time information
available on the Web Performance Monitor network tool and the Web Task Manager
network tool in any workspace view.
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Threshold. These workspace reports display information on your network's CPU, disk,
interface, and memory utilization, and ping function; at or above a specific threshold.
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Top 10. These workspace reports display the top devices on your network according to
their CPU, disk, interface, and memory utilization, and ping function.
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Workspace reports are listed multiple times on the workspace report picker. For example, the
Disk Utilization workspace report is listed under the Disk Utilization, Threshold, Top 10, and
Performance categories.
List of workspace reports
The following is a list of all workspace reports available in WhatsUp Gold.
CPU Utilization
workspace reports
Type
Description
Last Polled Values (single Home Shows the CPU utilization(s) for a specific device at the time of the
device)
last poll.
Last Polled Values
(specific CPU)
Home Shows the CPU utilization for a specific CPU at the time of the last
poll.
Over 80% Utilization*
Home Lists all network devices with a CPU utilization greater than 80%.
Over 90% Utilization
Home Lists all network devices with a CPU utilization greater than 90%.
Top 10 by Utilization*
Home Lists the top 10 devices based on their current CPU utilization
percentage.
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CPU Utilization
workspace reports
Type
Description
Top 20 by Utilization
Home Lists the top 20 devices based on their current CPU utilization
percentage.
Last 4 hours (single
device)
Device Details all CPU utilization percentages for one device over the last 4
hours.
Last 8 hours (single
device)
Device Details all CPU utilization percentages for one device over the last 8
hours.
Last 7 days (single
device)
Device Details all CPU utilization percentages for one device over the last 7
days.
Last 30 days (single
device)
Device Details all CPU utilization percentages for one device over the last
30 days.
Last 4 hours (specific
CPU)
Home Details a specific CPU's utilization percentages for one device over
the last 4 hours.
Last 8 hours (specific
CPU)
Home Details a specific CPU's utilization percentages for one device over
the last 8 hours.
Last 7 days (specific CPU) Home Details a specific CPU's utilization percentages for one device over
the last 7 days.
Last 30 days (specific
CPU)
Home Details a specific CPU's utilization percentages for one device of the
last 30 days.
Custom Performance
Monitor workspace
reports
Type
Description
Last Polled Values (single Home Details information on a single device's custom performance
device)
monitor(s) at the time of the last poll.
Last Polled Value (specific Home Details information on a specific custom performance monitor at
monitor)
the time of the last poll.
Top 10 with threshold*
Home Lists the top 10 devices by a custom performance monitor
threshold.
Top 20 with threshold
Home Lists the top 20 devices by a custom performance monitor
threshold.
Top 10 by specific
monitors*
Home Lists the top 10 devices by a specific custom performance monitor.
Top 20 by specific
monitors
Home Lists the top 20 devices by a specific custom performance monitor.
Last 4 hours (single
device)
Device Details a device's custom performance monitors over the last 4
hours.
Last 8 hours (single
device)
Device Details a device's custom performance monitors over the last 8
hours.
Last 7 days (single
device)
Device Details a device's custom performance monitors over the last 7
days.
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Custom Performance
Monitor workspace
reports
Type
Last 30 days (single
device)
Device Details a device's custom performance monitors over the last 30
days.
Last 4 hours (specific
monitor)
Home Details a specific custom performance monitor over the last 4
hours.
Last 8 hours (specific
monitor)
Home Details a specific custom performance monitor over the last 8
hours.
Last 7 days (specific
monitor)
Home Details a specific custom performance monitor over the last 7 days.
Last 30 days (specific
monitor)
Home Details a specific custom performance monitor over the last 30
days.
Disk Utilization
workspace reports
Type
Description
Description
Last Polled Values (single Device Shows the disk utilization for all of a device's disks at the time of
device)
the last poll.
Last Polled Values
(specific disk)
Home Shows the disk utilization for a specific device disk at the time of
the last poll.
All Disks Over 80%*
Home Lists all network devices with a disk utilization greater than 80%.
All Disks Over 90%
Home Lists all network devices with a disk utilization greater than 90%.
Top 10 by Utilization*
Home Lists the top 10 devices based on their current disk utilization
percentage.
Top 20 by Utilization
Home Lists the top 20 devices based on their current disk utilization
percentage.
Top 10 by Free Space*
Home Lists the top 10 devices based on their current free disk space.
Top 20 by Free Space
Home Lists the top 20 devices based on their current free disk space.
Last 4 hours (single
device)
Device Details all disk utilization percentages for one device over the last 4
hours.
Last 8 hours (single
device)
Device Details all disk utilization percentages for one device over the last 8
hours.
Last 7 days (single
device)
Device Details all disk utilization percentages for one device over the last 7
days.
Last 30 days (single
device)
Device Details all disk utilization percentages for one device over the last
30 days.
Last 4 hours (specific disk Home Details a specific disk's utilization percentages for one device over
utilization)
the last 4 hours.
Last 8 hours (specific disk Home Details a specific disk's utilization percentages for one device over
utilization)
the last 8 hours.
Last 7 days (specific disk
utilization)
Home Details a specific disk's utilization percentages for one device over
the last 7 days.
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Last 30 days (specific disk Home Details a specific disk's utilization percentages for one device over
utilization)
the last 30 days.
Last 4 hours (specific disk Home Details a specific disk's free space for one device over the last 4
free space)
hours.
Last 8 hours (specific disk Home Details a specific disk's free space for one device over the last 8
free space)
hours.
Last 7 days (specific disk
free space)
Home Details a specific disk's free space for one device over the last 7
days.
Last 30 days (specific disk Home Details a specific disk's free space for one device over the last 30
free space)
days.
General workspace
reports
Type
Description
Device Notes
Device Displays a devices's notes configured in Device Properties >
Notes.
Device Attributes
Device Displays a device's attributes configured in Device Properties >
Attributes.
Device SNMP Details
Device Displays a device's SNMP details.
Device Toolbar
Device Displays a device's details configured in Device Propterties >
General.
Device Custom Links
Device Displays any custom links assigned to a device in Device
Properties > Custom Links.
Device Dependencies
Device Shows the state of a device and any devices that are up or down
dependent on that device.
Device Active Monitor
States
Device Lists all of a device's Active Monitors and their current state.
Performance Monitor
Summary
Device Displays a polling summary for the device-in-context.
Map View
Home Displays a smaller version of a network map.
Database Size
Home Displays a graphical representation of the WhatsUp Gold database
at the time of the last poll.
Custom Links
Home Displays any custom links that you add to the workspace report.
Free Form Text/HTML
Home Displays any free form text or HTML code that you add to the
workspace report.
Web User Activity Log
Home Displays a log of when a user logs on or off the web interface, and
the actions taken while logged on.
Interface Details (specific Home Displays SNMP information reported by a specific network
interface)
interface.
User Orientation
Home Displays information regarding the new the new web interface,
workspaces, and workspace reports.
Favorite Reports
Home Displays a list and link to any full report on your list of favorites.
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Interface Utilization
workspace reports
Type
Last Polled Interface
(single device)
Device Shows the interface utilization for all network interfaces at the time
of the last poll.
Last Polled Interface
(specific interface)
Home Shows the interface utilization for a specific network interface at
the time of the last poll.
All Interfaces over 80%
Bandwidth Utilization*
Home Lists all network interfaces with a utilization greater than 80%.
All Interfaces over 90%
Bandwidth Utilization
Home Lists all network interfaces with a utilization greater than 90%.
Top 10 with Traffic
Threshold*
Home Lists the top 10 devices based on their current interface traffic.
Top 10 by Bandwidth
Utilization*
Home Lists the top 10 devices based on their current interface utilization.
Top 20 by Bandwidth
Utilization
Home Lists the top 20 devices based on their current interface utilization.
Top 10 by Traffic*
Home Lists the top 10 devices based on their current interface traffic.
Top 20 by Traffic
Home Lists the top 20 devices based on their current interface traffic.
Last 4 hours (single
device)
Device Details all interface utilization percentages for one device over the
last 4 hours.
Last 8 hours (single
device)
Device Details all interface utilization percentages for one device over the
last 8 hours.
Last 7 days (single
device)
Device Details all interface utilization percentages for one device over the
last 7 days.
Last 30 days (single
device)
Device Details all interface utilization percentages for one device over the
last 30 days.
Last 4 hours (specific
interface utilization)
Home Details a specific interface's utilization for one device over the last 4
hours.
Last 8 hours (specific
interface utilization)
Home Details a specific interface's utilization for one device over the last 8
hours.
Last 7 days (specific
interface utilization)
Home Details a specific interface's utilization for one device over the last 7
days.
Last 30 days (specific
interface utilization)
Home Details a specific interface's utilization for one device over the last
30 days.
Last 4 hours (specific
traffic interface)
Home Details a specific interface's traffic for one device over the last 4
hours.
Last 8 hours (specific
traffic interface)
Home Details a specific interface's traffic for one device over the last 8
hours.
Last 7 days (specific
traffic interface)
Home Details a specific interface's traffic for one device over the last 7
days.
Last 30 days (specific
traffic interface)
Home Details a specific interface's traffic for one device over the last 30
days.
Description
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Inventory workspace
reports
Type Description
Total Devices by Type
Home Lists all monitored network devices by type and number.
Total Active Monitors by
Type
Home Lists all Active Monitors on the network by type and number.
Total Passive Monitors by Home Lists all Passive Monitors on the network by type and number.
Type
Total Performance
Monitors by Type
Home Lists all Performance Monitors on the network by type and number.
Total Actions Applied by
Type
Home Lists all Actions on the network by type and number.
Total Devices with
Specific Attributes
Home Lists all devices with a specific attribute.
Active Discovery Results
Home Once an Active Discovery is performed, the results are listed in this
report.
Memory Utilization
workspace reports
Type
Description
Last Polled Values (single Device Shows the memory utilization for all of device's memories at the
device)
time of the last poll.
Last Polled Value (specific Home Shows the memory utilization for a specific network device at the
aspect)
time of the last poll.
Over 80% Utilization*
Home Lists all network devices with a memory utilization greater than
80%.
Over 90% Utilization
Home Lists all network devices with a memory utilization greater than
90%
Top 10 by Utilization*
Home Lists the top 10 devices based on their current memory utilization.
Top 20 by Utilization
Home Lists the top 20 devices based on their current memory utilization.
Last 4 hours (single
device)
Device Details all memory utilization percentages for one device over the
last 4 hours.
Last 8 hours (single
device)
Device Details all memory utilization percentages for one device over the
last 8 hours.
Last 7 days (single
device)
Device Details all memory utilization percentages for one device over the
last 7 days.
Last 30 days (single
device)
Device Details all memory utilization percentages for one device over the
last 30 days.
Last 4 hours (specific
aspect)
Home Details a specific memory's utilization for one device over the last 4
hours.
Last 8 hours (specific
aspect)
Home Details a specific memory's utilization for one device over the last 8
hours.
Last 7 days (specific
aspect)
Home Details a specific memory's utilization for one device over the last 7
days.
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Last 30 days (specific
aspect)
Home Details a specific memory's utilization for one device over the last
30 days.
Performance - Historic
workspace reports
Type
Description
Custom Performance
Monitor Values
(last 4 hours - single
device)
Device Details a device's custom Performance Monitor values over the last
4 hours.
Interface Utilization
(last 4 hours - single
device)
Device Details all interface utilization percentages for one device over the
last 4 hours.
CPU Utilization
(last 4 hours - single
device)
Device Details all CPU utilization percentages for one device over the last 4
hours.
Memory Utilization
(last 4 hours - single
device)
Device Details all memory utilization percentages for one device over the
last 4 hours.
Disk Utilization
(last 4 hours - single
device)
Device Details all disk utilization percentages for one device over the last 4
hours.
Ping Response Time
(last 4 hours - single
device)
Device Details all ping response times for device's interfaces over the last 4
hours.
Ping Availability
(last 4 hours - single
device)
Device Details all ping availability for a device's interfaces over the last 4
hours.
Interface Traffic
(last 4 hours - specific
interface)
Home Details interface traffic for a specific device interface over the last 4
hours.
Custom Performance
Monitor Values
(last 4 hours - specific
monitor)
Home Details a device's specific custom Performance Monitor values over
the last 4 hours.
Interface Utilization
(last 4 hours - specific
interface)
Home Details a specific interface's utilization percentages for one device
over the last 4 hours.
CPU Utilization
(last 4 hours - specific
CPU)
Home Details a specific CPU's utilization percentages for one device over
the last 4 hours.
Memory Utilization
(last 4 hours - specific
memory)
Home Details a specific memory's utilization percentages for one device
over the last 4 hours.
Disk Utilization
(last 4 hours - specific
disk)
Home Details a specific disk's utilization percentages for one device over
the last 4 hours.
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Performance - Last Poll
workspace reports
Type
Description
Custom Performance
Monitor Values (single
device)
Device Shows the values for all of a device's custom Performance Monitors
at the time of the last poll.
Interface Utilization
(single device)
Device Shows the interface utilization for all of a device's interfaces at the
time of the last poll.
CPU Utilization (single
device)
Device Shows the CPU utilization for all of device's CPUs at the time of the
last poll.
Memory Utilization
(single device)
Device Shows the memory utilization for all of a device's memories at the
time of the last poll.
Disk Utilization (single
device)
Device Shows the disk utilization for all of a device's disks at the time of
the last poll.
Custom Performance
Monitor Values (specific
monitor)
Home Shows the values for a specific device custom Performance
Monitor.
Interface Utilization
(specific interface)
Home Shows the utilization of a specific device interface at the time of
the last poll.
CPU Utilization (specific
CPU)
Home Shows the utilization of a specific device CPU at the time of the last
poll.
Memory Utilization
(specific aspect)
Home Shows the utilization of a specific device memory at the time of the
last poll.
Disk Utilization (specific
disk)
Home Shows the utilization of a specific device disk at the time of the last
poll.
Ping Response Time
(specific interface)
Home Shows the ping response time of a specific device interface at the
time of the last poll.
Ping Availability and
Response Time
workspace reports
Type
Last 4 hours (single
device)
Device Shows the ping response time for all of a device's interfaces over
the last 4 hours.
Last 8 hours (single
device)
Device Shows the ping response time for all of a device's interfaces over
the last 8 hours.
Description
Last 7 days (single device) Device Shows the ping response time for all of a device's interfaces over
the last 7 days.
Last 30 days (single
device)
Device Shows the ping response time for all of a device's interfaces over
the last 30 days.
Last 4 hours (single
device)
Device Shows the ping availability for all of a device's interfaces over the
last 4 hours.
Last 8 hours (single
device)
Device Shows the ping availability for all of a device's interfaces over the
last 8 hours.
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Last 7 days (single device) Device Shows the ping availability for all of a device's interfaces over the
last 7 days.
Last 30 days (single
device)
Device Shows the ping availability for all of a device's interfaces over the
last 30 days.
Last Polled Response
Time (specific interface)
Home Shows the last ping response time of a specific device interface at
the time of the last poll.
Top 10 by Ping Response
Time*
Home Lists the top 10 devices based on their current ping response time.
Top 20 by Ping Response
Time
Home Lists the top 20 devices based on their current ping response time.
Top 10 by Ping Packet
Loss*
Home Lists the top 10 devices based on their current ping packet loss.
Top 20 by Ping Packet
Loss
Home Lists the top 20 devices based on their current ping packet loss.
Top 10 by Ping
Availability*
Home Lists the top 10 devices based on their current ping availability.
Top 20 by Ping
Availability
Home Lists the top 20 devices based on their current ping availability.
Devices with Ping
Response Time
over 100msec
Home Lists all devices with a ping response time greater than 100 msec.
Devices with Ping
Response Time
over 500 msec
Home Lists all devices with a ping response time greater than 500 msec.
Devices with Ping Packet
Loss over 50%
Home Lists all devices with a ping packet loss greater than 50%.
Devices with Ping Packet
Loss over 75%
Home Lists all devices with a ping packet loss greater than 75%.
Devices with Ping
Availability over 50%*
Home Lists all devices with a ping availability greater than 50%.
Devices with Ping
Availability over 75%
Device Lists all devices with a ping availability greater than 75%.
Problem Areas
workspace reports
Type
Description
Devices with Down Active Device Displays a device's down Active Monitors.
Monitors
All Down Interfaces
Device Displays a device's down interfaces.
Tail of State Change Log
Device Displays the tail of the State Change Log for a specified device.
Tail of Syslog
Device Displays the tail of the Syslog full report for a specified device.
Tail of Windows Event
Log
Device Displays the tail of the Windows Event Log for a specified device.
Tail of SNMP Trap Log
Device Displays the tail of the SNMP Trap Log for a specified device.
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Tail of Action Activity
Log*
Device Displays the tail of the Action Activity Log for a specified device.
Tail of Passive Monitor
Error Log
Device Displays the tail of the Passive Monitor Error Log for a specified
device.
Web Alarms
Device Displays any web alarms fired for a specified device.
All Completely Down
Devices
Home Displays down devices for a specified device group.
All Down Interfaces
Home Displays down interfaces for a specified device group.
Devices with Down Active Home Displays devices with down Active Monitors within a specified
Monitors
device group.
Unacknowledged Devices Home Displays unacknowledged devices within a specified device group.
Devices that have fired an Home Displays devices that have fired an action over the selected time
Action
period.
in the last X hours
Tail of State Change Log
Home Displays a tail of the State Change Log for your network.
Summary Counts*
Home Displays a summary of a specified device group.
Tail of Syslog
Home Displays the tail of the Syslog full report for your network.
Tail of Windows Event
Log
Home Displays the tail of the Windows Event Log for your network.
Tail of SNMP Trap Log
Home Displays the tail of the SNMP Trap Log for your network.
Tail of Action Activity
Log*
Home Displays the tail of the Action Activity Log for your network.
Tail of Passive Monitor
Error Log
Home Displays the tail of the Passive Monitor Error Log for your network.
Map View
Home Displays a smaller version of a network map.
Device Group Mini Status Home Lists all devices in a device group and displays their status by color.
Web Alarms
Home Shows a snap shot of the most recent web alarms fired on your
network.
General Error Log
Home Displays the tail of the General Error Log for your network.
Remote/Central
workspace reports
Type
Description
(Only available in
distributed editions)
Summary Counts
(Remote)
Home Provides a summary for a remote site by the total number of its
monitored devices, up devices, down devices, devices with down
active monitors, devices in maintenance, active monitors, down
active monitors, up interfaces, down interfaces, actions fired in the
last four hours.
Active Monitor States
(Remote)
Home Displays Active Monitor states for a remote site at the time of the
last refresh.
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Remote/Central
workspace reports
Type
Tail of Action Activity Log
(Remote)
Home Provides the tail (last 10 records) of the Action Log for a device
group on a remote site.
Device Status (Remote)
Home Displays a status summary for devices on a remote site at the time
of the last refresh.
Monitor Status (Remote)
Home Displays a status summary for monitors on a remote site at the
time of the last refresh.
Remote Site List
Home Lists all sites configured for use in WhatsUp Gold Remote and
Central Site Editions.
Tail of Remote Site Log
Home Provides the tail (last 10 records) of the Remote Site Log.
Remote Site Overview
Home Displays an overview of information on a remote site configured
for use in your
WhatsUp Gold Distribute Solution.
Group List (Remote)
Home Lists all subgroups in a remote site's My Network Group and their
status at the time of the last refresh.
Split Second Graph
workspace reports
Description
Type
Description
(not available in Standard
Edition)
Performance Monitor
Home Displays custom real-time graphs for an SNMP or WMI enabled
device.
Interface
Home Displays real-time interface utilization for a SNMP enabled device.
CPU
Home Displays real-time cpu utilization for all cpu's on an SNMP enabled
Or
device.
Device
CPU gauge
Home Displays real-time cpu utilization for all cpu's on an SNMP enabled
or
device.
device
Ping
Home Displays real-time ping response time for all network interfaces on
Or
device.
Device
Ping gauge
Home Displays real-time ping response time for all network interfaces on
or
device.
device
Disk
Home Displays real-time disk utilization for all disks on an SNMP enabled
or
device.
device
Memory
Home Displays real-time memory utilization for a SNMP enabled device.
or
Device
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Split Second Graph
workspace reports
Type
Description
Task Manager CPU Line
Graph
Home Displays the CPU usage of a WMI-enabled device as a line graph.
or
Device
Task Manager Memory
Usage Line Graph
Home Displays the memory usage of a WMI-enabled device as a line
or
graph.
Device
Task Manager CPU Bar
Graph
Home Displays a bar graph of the CPU usage of a a WMI-enabled device
or
in real time.
Device
Task Manager Memory
Usage Bar Graph
Home Displays a bar graph of the memory usage of a a WMI-enabled
or
device in real time.
Device
Threshold workspace
reports
Type
Description
Ping Response Time*
Home Displays the top devices based on their current ping response time
thresholds.
Ping Packet Loss
Home Displays the top devices based on their current ping packet loss
thresholds.
CPU Utilization
Home Displays the top devices based on their current CPU utilization
percentage thresholds.
Memory Utilization
Home Displays the top devices based on their current memory utilization
percentage thresholds.
Disk Utilization
Home Displays the top devices based on their current disk utilization
percentage thresholds.
Disk Free Space*
Home Displays the top devices based on their current disk free space
thresholds.
Interface Utilization
Home Displays the top devices based on their current interface utilization
percentage thresholds.
Interface Traffic*
Home Displays the top devices based on their current interface traffic
thresholds.
Custom WMI/SNMP
Home Displays the top devices based on their current custom WMI/SNMP
thresholds.
Ping Availability
Home Displays the top devices based on their current ping availability
thresholds.
Top 10 workspace reports
Type
Description
Ping Response Time
Home
Displays the top devices based on their current ping
response time.
Ping Packet Loss
Home
Displays the top devices based on their current ping packet
loss.
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Top 10 workspace reports
Type
Description
CPU Utilization
Home
Displays the top devices based on their current CPU
utilization.
Memory Utilization
Home
Displays the top devices based on their current memory
utilization.
Disk Utilization
Home
Displays the top devices based on their current disk
utilization.
Disk Free Space
Home
Displays the top devices based on their current disk free
space.
Interface Utilization
Home
Displays the top devices based on their current interface
utilization.
Interface Traffic
Home
Displays the top devices based on their current interface
traffic.
Custom WMI/SNMP
Home
Displays the top devices based on their current custom
WMI/SNMP.
Ping Availability
Home
Displays the top devices based on their current ping
availability.
*Available as Remote Workspace Reports in WhatsUp Gold Remote and Central Site Editions.
About the workspace report menu
Each workspace report has a menu on the right side of its title bar. From the Workspace
Report Menu, you can access help for a specific workspace report, go to the configuration
dialog for a report, or close the report. Closing a report removes it from the workspace view.
Keep in mind that after you remove a workspace report from a workspace, all customization
to the workspace report is lost.
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Configuring a workspace report
Workspace reports are designed to be customized to fit your specific needs. From a
workspace report's menu, select Configure to bring up the configuration dialog. On this
dialog, you can:
ƒ
Change the report title
ƒ
Select a device or device group for the report
ƒ
Set the height and width of the report
ƒ
Specify the width of certain report columns
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Moving Workspace Reports within a workspace view
WhatsUp Gold supports drag-and-drop within the web interface. You can move a workspace
report from one column of a workspace view to another, or position a workspace report
above or below another workspace report, by selecting it and dragging it to another area of
the workspace view. These location changes are saved: workspace reports will appear in the
location to which you moved them after logging out from the web interface or after moving
between workspace views.
To move a workspace report:
1 Select the title bar of the report you want to move, then drag it to the desired location.
A red box highlights the area that the report will be placed when the mouse button is
released.
2 Release the mouse button to place the report in the new page location. If you want to
cancel the move, while the report is selected, press the Esc key on your keyboard.
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Device Group Mini Status workspace report
The Device Group Mini Status home workspace report lists all devices in a device group and
displays their status by color, allowing you to quickly see the status of all devices in a group
from across the room.
Displaying multiple mini status workspace reports within a workspace view grants you a
quick look at more than one group on your network and can help monitor important or
problem areas more efficiently. You also can display Active Monitors associated with the
devices in a selected group, which is useful in pinpointing what services on your network are
down.
To aid in maximizing your screen real estate, you have the ability to change the size and
display style of the workspace report. Even if the font size is too small to read at first-glance,
you can use the mouse-over hover text to find out the identity of a device. The static rows of
the mini status workspace report also aid in device recognition, as devices remain in the same
position regardless of their current state.
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To configure the Device Group Mini Status workspace report:
1 On the workspace report menu, select Configure.
2 Enter the appropriate information in the following fields:
ƒ
Name. Enter a title for the workspace report.
ƒ
Device group. Select a device group by clicking the browse (...) button. To select
every device on the network, regardless of their subgroup, select Every device.
ƒ
Every device. Select this option to display every device in the system regardless of
group. However, only devices that you have permissions to view will be displayed.
ƒ
Style. Select the style and size in which you would like the mini status displayed.
ƒ
Normal. Displays device and active monitor status with icons.
ƒ
High Contrast. Displays device and active monitor status with bright colors.
ƒ
Show Active Monitors. Select this option to display the active monitors associated
with the group's devices.
ƒ
Active Monitors per Row. Select the number of active monitors displayed per row.
ƒ Active Monitors Cell Width. Enter a cell width in pixels.
3 Click OK to save changes.
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CHAPTER 22
Using SNMP Features
In This Chapter
SNMP overview .................................................................................................303
Monitoring an SNMP Service........................................................................304
About the SNMP Agent or Manager..........................................................304
About the SNMP Management Information Base (MIB).....................304
About SNMP Object Names and Identifiers............................................305
Using the SNMP MIB Manager.....................................................................305
Using the SNMP MIB Manager to troubleshoot MIB files...................306
About the SNMP operations.........................................................................308
Using a custom name for SNMP device interfaces...............................309
About SNMP Security......................................................................................312
Using the Trap Definition Import Tool......................................................312
SNMP overview
The Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) defines a method by which a remote user
can view or change management information for a device (a host, gateway, server, etc.).
A monitoring or management application on the remote user's system uses the protocol to
communicate with an SNMP agent on the device to access the management data.
The SNMP agent on each device can provide information about the device's network
configuration and operations, such as the device's network interfaces, routing tables, IP
packets sent and received, and IP packets lost. This information, called SNMP objects, is
stored in a standard format defined in the Management Information Base (MIB). The MIB
defines the SNMP objects that can be managed and the format for each object.
The SNMP protocol together with the MIB provide a standard way to view and change
network management information on devices from different vendors. Any application that
implements SNMP can access MIB data on a specified device. For a detailed description of
SNMP, see Request for Comments (RFC) 1157. For a description of the MIB, see RFC 1213. The
MIB information used by WhatsUp Gold is contained in MIB files in the MIB directory
(..\Program Files\Ipswitch\WhatsUp\Data\Mibs).
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Monitoring an SNMP Service
You can add an SNMP active monitor to check that the SNMP service is running on a device.
For more information, see Assigning Active Monitors (on page 160).
To assign an SNMP Active Monitor to a device:
1 Under the Devices tab, on the Device View or Map View tab, right-click a device, then
click Properties. The Device Properties dialog appears.
2 Click Active Monitors. The Device Properties Active Monitor dialog appears.
3 Click Add. The Select Active Monitor Type dialog appears.
4 Select the SNMP Active Monitor, then click Next. The Set Polling Properties dialog
appears.
5 Click to select Enable polling for this Active Monitor, select the Network interface to
use for poll from the list, then click Next.
6 (Optional) Set up an Action for the monitor state changes.
7 Click Finish to add the monitor to the device.
Note: An SNMP-manageable device is identified on the map by a star in the upper-right
corner of the device.
About the SNMP Agent or Manager
SNMP agent software must be installed and enabled on any devices for which you want to
receive SNMP information. Windows NT 4.0, Windows 98, Windows 2000, Windows ME,
Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, and Windows Vista all provide an SNMP agent in their
default installations. Network systems manufacturers provide an SNMP agent for their
routers, hubs, and other network boxes.
For more information, see About the SNMP operations (on page 308) and Enabling SNMP on
Windows devices (on page 218).
About the SNMP Management Information Base
(MIB)
The MIB contains the essential objects that make up the management information for a
device. The Internet TCP/IP MIB, commonly referred to as MIB-II, defines the network objects
to be managed for a TCP/IP network and provides a standard format for each object.
The MIB is structured as a hierarchical object tree divided into logically related groups of
objects. For example, MIB-II contains the following groups of objects:
ƒ
System. Contains general information about the device, for example: sysDescr
(description), sysContact (person responsible), and sysName (device name).
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Interfaces. Contains information about network interfaces, such as Ethernet adapters, or
point-to-point links; for example: ifDescr (name), ifOperStatus (status), ifPhysAddress
(physical address), ifInOctets, and ifOutOctets (number of octets received and sent by the
interface).
ƒ
IP. Contains information about IP packet processing, such as routing table information:
ipRouteDest (the destination), and ipRouteNextHop (the next hop of the route entry).
ƒ
Other groups provide information about the operation of a specific protocol, for
example, TCP, UDP, ICMP, SNMP, and EGP.
ƒ
The enterprise group contains vendor-provided objects that are extensions to the
MIB.
Each object of the MIB is identified by a numeric object identifier (OID) and each OID can be
referred to by its text label. For example, the system group contains an object named
sysDescr, which provides a description of the device. The sysDescr object has the following
object identifier:
iso.org.dod.Internet.mgmt.mib.system.sysDescr
1.3.6.1.2.1.1.1
This object identifier would be 1.3.6.1.2.1.1.1 to which is appended an instance subidentifier of 0. That is, 1.3.6.1.2.1.1.1.0 identifies the one and only instance of sysDescr.
All of the MIB-II objects (for TCP/IP networks) are under the "mib" sub tree (so all these objects
will have an identifier that starts with 1.3.6.1.2.1).
For a detailed description of the MIB, see RFC 1213.
About SNMP Object Names and Identifiers
Each SNMP object has a name and numeric identifier. For example, in the system group, the
network object named SysDescr with object identifier 1.3.6.1.2.1.1.1 contains a
description of the device.
An object can have one or more instances, depending on the configuration of the monitored
device. For example, a device can have two network adapters, in which case there will be two
instances of the ifPhysAddress object, which has object identifier 1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.6. In
this case, you need to specify an instance number at the end of the object identifier (such as
1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.6.1). If you do not specify an instance, it defaults to zero.
Using the SNMP MIB Manager
The SNMP MIB Manager provides a list of all of the MIB files installed in the WhatsUp Gold MIB
directory. Using this tool, you can import new MIB files to the MIB Manager. SNMP MIB
Manager validates imported MIB files and flags errors if there is a problem with a file.
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To use the SNMP MIB Manager:
1 Go to the SNMP MIB Manager.
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
2
On the WhatsUp section, select Configure > SNMP MIB Manager. The SNMP MIB
Manager dialog opens.
Use the following options in the SNMP MIB Manager:
ƒ
View. Select a MIB file in the list, then click View to open the MIB and view the code.
ƒ
Add. Click Add to import a MIB file to the MIB Manager. Follow the dialogs to
complete the process.
Note: If you need to add a large number of MIB files, you can manually copy them to the
\Program Files\Ipswitch\WhatsUp\Data\Mibs\ directory, then click Reload in the
SNMP MIB Manager dialog to update and validate their status.
ƒ
Reload. When you import a new MIB file or are troubleshooting code in a MIB file,
click Reload to refresh the MIB Module list and the Status list.
Using the SNMP MIB Manager to troubleshoot
MIB files
The SNMP MIB Manager validates all MIB files that are imported into or already exists in
WhatsUp Gold. If an error is identified in a MIB file, the Status column displays the number of
errors and warnings in the file. If the MIB file syntax is correct and all MIB file dependencies
are fulfilled, then a check mark is displayed next to the MIB file name and a Success message
displays in the Status column.
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Identifying MIB file problems and errors
If an error exists in a MIB file, you can use the MIB manager to identify where code problems
exist, then open the MIB file in a text editor (for example, Notepad) and correct the code.
There are a variety of issues that may exist in the code; for example, there may be a simple
syntax error in the MIB file or there could be a MIB file that has a dependency on another MIB
file. Use the error messages when you view a MIB file to find and correct the problem.
There are two types of errors that may display in the SNMP MIB Manager list:
ƒ
(Warning). This indicates a minor issue with the MIB file (for example, a small syntax
problem). A MIB file that contains a warning may continue to work, but it is best to
identify and correct the issue in the MIB file.
ƒ
(Error). This indicates there is a problem in the MIB file that prevents it from working. A
MIB file that contains an error must have the error corrected in order for the MIB file to
function.
Tip: The most common MIB errors are caused by a MIB dependency on another MIB file that
is not included in the MIB library. Often, when this issue is corrected, many of the MIB issues
are resolved.
Example: If a MIB is missing, the MIB Manager indicates the issue in an error as shown in this
example excerpt from a MIB status report:
22
ipMRouteGroup, ipMRouteSource,
23
ipMRouteSourceMask, ipMRouteNextHopGroup,
24
ipMRouteNextHopSource, ipMRouteNextHopSourceMask,
25
ipMRouteNextHopIfIndex,
26
ipMRouteNextHopAddress
FROM IPMROUTE-STD-MIB
Error: Cannot find module (IANA-RTPROTO-MIB): At line 26 in
C:\PROGRA~1\Ipswitch\WhatsUp\Data\Mibs/IPMROUTE-STD-MIB.my
The important information in this report is:
Cannot find module (IANA-RTPROTO-MIB).
This information indicates that the IANA-RTPROTO-MIB is missing from the MIB library in
C:\Program Files\Ipswitch\WhatsUp\Data\Mibs
If you determine that a MIB file is missing, you can manually copy the file to the \Program
Files\Ipswitch\WhatsUp\Data\Mibs\ directory or use the SNMP MIB Manager dialog to
add (import) a new MIB file.
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To identify and correct MIB file code:
1 Select the MIB file that has an error message in the Status column, then click View. The
viewer opens with summary information at the top of the page that identifies the
number of errors or warnings. In the Lines with errors or warnings summary
information, you can click the line number to jump directly to a line of code with the
error.
2
Now that the Viewer has helped you identify the problems in the code, open a text
editor and correct the code. The MIB files are located in ..\Program
Files\Ipswitch\WhatsUp\Data\Mibs.
3 After you have made code changes, save the MIB file, then click Reload in the SNMP MIB
Manager dialog.
4 Look for the MIB file, that you made changes to, in the list to determine of all the errors
have been corrected. If all the errors have been corrected, click Close. If the SNMP MIB
Manager dialog (validator) displays errors, continue repeating steps 1 through 3 until
you have corrected all of the code issues.
About the SNMP operations
An SNMP application can read values for the SNMP objects (for monitoring of devices) and
some applications can also change the variables (to provide remote management of devices).
Basic SNMP operations include:
ƒ
Get. Gets a specified SNMP object for a device.
ƒ
Get next. Gets the next object in a table or list.
ƒ
Set. Sets the value of an SNMP object on a device.
ƒ
Trap. Sends a message about an event (that occurs on the device) to the management
application.
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The SNMP agent software on a device listens on port 161 for requests from an SNMP
application. The SNMP agent and application communicate using User Datagram Protocol
(UDP). Trap messages, which are unsolicited messages from a device, are sent to port 162.
Note: If an SNMP application makes a request for information about a device but an SNMP
agent is not enabled on the device, the UDP packets are discarded.
Using a custom name for SNMP device interfaces
This feature lets you rename SNMP device interfaces to help you manage network interfaces
more efficiently and intuitively. Without this feature you must reference device interface
names, on a router for example, by their default names. Often, the device interface names are
not intuitive and it is difficult to determine the specific interface you are selecting when
setting up an interface utilization monitor for performance monitors and active monitors.
This feature also helps you easily select the interface you want to view in interface utilization
performance reports and other applicable workspace reports and split second graphs.
Configuring a custom name (ifAlias) for an SNMP device interface
In order to configure a custom name (IfAlias) for a device's SNMP interface, you need to
access the device configuration console and rename each interface according to your naming
convention preference.
After the interface(s) are renamed, you can add them as performance monitors and active
monitors. You can also select the custom interface in various workspace reports and split
second graphs. If the device interface(s) already have performance monitors and/or active
monitors set up, the new interface name displays in WhatsUp Gold accordingly.
Use the following example instructions for how to change a Cisco router interface name. If
you have other devices, refer to the device documentation for instructions on how to change
interface names.
To configure a device custom name for an SNMP interface on a Cisco router:
ƒ
Open the Cisco Command Line Interface (CLI) and enter the following commands:
Cisco1812# configure
Cisco1812(config)# interface FastEthernet 9
Cisco1812(config-if)# description CUSTOM NAME
Cisco1812(config-if)# ^Z
Cisco1812#
To add a Performance Monitor for a newly renamed device interface:
1 On the Devices tab, in Device View or Map View, right-click a device, then click
Properties. The Device Properties dialog appears.
2 Click Performance Monitors. The Performance Monitors dialog appears.
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3
In the Enable global performance monitors section, click to select the Interface
Utilization option, then click Configure. The Configure Interface Data Collection dialog
appears.
4 In the Collect data for list, select Specific Interfaces. In this example, CUSTOM NAME is
the interface name created for the Cisco router. Click to select CUSTOM NAME, then
click OK.
5
Click OK, then click Close to close the Device Properties dialog.
To add an Active Monitor for a newly renamed device interface:
1 In the console application, on the Device View or Map View tab, right-click a device,
then click Properties. The Device Properties dialog appears.
2 Click Active Monitors. The Active Monitors dialog appears.
Important: If a device has active monitors set up prior to renaming the device's interface(s),
then after renaming the device's interface(s), remove the old interface(s) from the Active
Monitor dialog, then click Discover to refresh the device interface list. Use the console
application for the discover process.
If a device has performance monitors set up prior to renaming the device's interface(s), the
device interface names are automatically updated.
3
(Optional) If a device has active monitors set up for a device prior to renaming the
device's interface(s), select the interface(s) that you renamed from the list of interfaces,
then click Remove.
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4
(Optional) Click Discover. The interface list refreshes and populates with the new
interface names in the Comment list.
5
Click OK, then click Close to close the Device Properties dialog.
To select a newly renamed device interface for the Interface Utilization report:
1 From the WhatsUp section of the GO menu, select Reports > Performance. The
Performance Reports list appears.
2 Under the Device category, click Interface Utilization. An Interface Utilization report
appears.
3
Click the device name/IP address (shown above) to select the device you want to view.
The Select a Device dialog appears.
4 Expand the network tree list to view the SNMPScan devices, then select the device for
which you want to view the Interface Utilization report. The Interface Utilization report
appears.
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5
In the Select Interface list, select the newly named device interface. In this example, the
interface is named CUSTOM NAME. View the interface utilization report.
About SNMP Security
In WhatsUp Gold, credentials are used like passwords to limit access to a device's SNMP data.
The credentials system supports SNMP v1, v2, and v3.
Credentials are configured and stored in Credentials Library (found on the web interface
menu at Go > Configure > Credentials Library) and used in several places throughout the
application. They can be assigned to devices in Device Properties > Credentials or through
the Credentials Bulk Field Change option.
Devices need SNMP credentials assigned to them before SNMP-based Active Monitors will
work.
Using the Trap Definition Import Tool
The Trap Definition Import tool is used to import SNMP Trap definitions into the Passive
Monitor Library. The list in this dialog is populated by the MIBs typically in your WhatsUp Gold
MIB folder (\Program Files\Ipswitch\WhatsUp\Data\Mibs).
The SNMP Trap monitors that are listed are based on one of three things:
ƒ
Passive monitors already in the database. By default, the passive monitor database
comes with a few of the most Common SNMP traps already in it.
ƒ
Passive monitors automatically created by WhatsUp Gold Trap Definition Import
Tool. Use the Trap Definition Import Tool to create SNMP Traps from MIB files stored in
the \Program Files\Ipswitch\WhatsUp\Data\Mibs folder.
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Passive monitors that you define yourself. This can be done either by copying and
pasting actual trap information directly from your existing logs, or by browsing the MIB
for OID values that you are interested in, and adding the Generic type (Major) and
Specific type (Minor) information if required.
To import SNMP trap definitions into the Passive Monitor Library:
1 In the WhatsUp Gold console, click Tools > Trap Definition Import Tool. The Trap
Definition Import Tool dialog opens.
2
Click to select the traps you want to import, then click Import to passive monitor
library. The Trap Import Results dialog opens and provides a message about the import
results. Traps that already exist in the database are not imported again.
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CHAPTER 23
Using Network Tools
In This Chapter
About Network Tools ......................................................................................315
Using the Ping tool ..........................................................................................316
Using the Traceroute tool..............................................................................317
Using the Lookup tool ....................................................................................318
Using the Telnet tool.......................................................................................319
Using the SNMP MIB Walker .........................................................................319
Using the SNMP MIB Explorer ......................................................................322
Using the MAC Address Tool........................................................................323
Using the Diagnostic Tool .............................................................................325
Using the Web Performance Monitor .......................................................325
Using the Web Task Manager ......................................................................328
About Network Tools
WhatsUp Gold includes several network tools. These troubleshooting tools allow you to take
a closer look at the status of your network devices.
The following tools help you check the connectivity of networked devices:
ƒ
Ping Tool (on page 316)
ƒ
Trace Route Tool (on page 317)
ƒ
Lookup Tool (on page 318)
ƒ
Telnet Tool (on page 319)
The following tools help you identify information about MIB objects that network devices
support:
ƒ
SNMP MIB Walker Tool
ƒ
SNMP MIB File Explorer Tool (on page 322)
The following tools help you identify problems with network devices so you can take
corrective action to resolve issues:
ƒ
MAC Address Tool (on page 323)
ƒ
Diagnostic Tool (on page 325)
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Web Performance Monitor (on page 325)
ƒ
Web Task Manager (on page 328)
Note: The Web Performance Monitor and Web Task Manager tools are not available in
WhatsUp Gold Standard Edition.
Accessing Network Tools
There are multiple ways to access the network tools.
ƒ
Web interface GO menu. To access the GO menu:
1
From the web interface, select GO. The GO menu appears.
2
On the WhatsUp section, select Tools. A list of all available tools appears.
ƒ
Device List and Map View. From either the Device List or Map View, right-click on a
device and select Tools.
ƒ
Device Toolbar Workspace Report. To access network tools using the Device Toolbar
workspace report:
1
From either the Device List or Map View, double-click on a device. The device's
Device Status workspace view appears.
2
Locate the Device Toolbar workspace report for the selected device. On the right
side of report, small icons are linked to some of the network tools.
3
Click an icon to launch the network tool in the context of the selected device.
Using the Ping tool
This tool sends out an ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) echo request to the
networked device identified in Address/Hostname.
Tool results
The results of this request appear in the bottom of the page after the request has been made.
ƒ
RTT. Round trip time; the amount of time it takes for the ping request to be returned from
the remote device.
ƒ
Destination. The address specified in Address/Hostname.
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Status. Success or failure. If failure, a reason is stated for the failure. For example, "Failure:
Request timed out."
To use the Ping Tool:
1 Enter or select the appropriate information in the following fields.
ƒ
Address/Hostname. The target of the Ping echo request. Enter the host name or IP
address of the device you want to check.
Note: The Ping tool supports IPv6 addresses.
ƒ
Timeout. Enter the amount of time (in milliseconds) for the tool to wait on a response
from the device. The Ping fails if this time limit is exceeded.
ƒ
Count. Enter the number of data packets sent by the Ping tool.
ƒ
2
Packet size. Enter the size (in bytes) of the packets you want the Ping tool to send. 32
bytes is the default.
Click Ping to run the tool.
Using the Traceroute tool
This tool sends out echo requests to a specific device, then traces the path it takes to get to
that IP address or host name. This is useful in finding out where on your network an
interruption occurs.
Tool results
The results of this request appear in the bottom of the page after the tool has run:
ƒ
Result. Success or Failure. This is the general result of each hop in the Trace Route
process.
ƒ
Ping 1/2/3. The tool sends out three ping requests to each hop in the route to the device.
These columns show the round trip time for each of the requests.
ƒ
Address. The IP address of each device encountered on the path.
ƒ
Host name. The host name of each device encountered on the path.
To use the Traceroute Tool:
1 Enter or select the appropriate information in the following fields.
ƒ
Address/Host name. Enter the host name or IP address of the device you want to
trace the route to.
Note: The Trace Route tool supports IPv6 addresses.
ƒ
Timeout. Enter the amount of time (in milliseconds) for the tool to wait on a response
from the device. The Trace Route fails if this time limit is exceeded.
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2
Max hops. Enter the maximum number of hops you want to limit the route to. It is
generally felt that 32 hops should be enough to find any device on the internet.
Click Traceroute to run the test.
Using the Lookup tool
This is a debugging tool that lets you query your Internet domain name system (DNS) server
for information about a domain and its registered hosts. Lookup can show you what happens
when an application on your network uses your DNS server to find the address of a remote
host.
To use the Lookup Tool:
1 Enter or select the appropriate information in the following fields.
ƒ
Address/Host name. Enter the host name or IP address of the device you want to
trace the route to.
ƒ
Lookup Type. Select the lookup type from the drop-down list:
ƒ
ƒ
A. Look up the host's Internet address from the hostname.
ƒ
AAAA. Look up for the host IPv6 address from a hostname.
ƒ
All. Display all available information about the host.
ƒ
CNAME. Display alias names for the host.
ƒ
HINFO. Display the CPU type and operating system type of the host.
ƒ
MX. Display the hostname of the mail exchanger for the domain.
ƒ
NS. Display the hostnames of name servers for the named zone.
ƒ
PTR. Look up the hostname from the Internet address.
ƒ
SOA. Display the domain's Start of Authority information, which indicates the
primary name server for the domain and additional administrative information.
ƒ
SRV. Look up any SRV record configured on this DNS server. SRV records specify
the location of services on the network.
ƒ
TXT. Look up any arbitrary text information the DNS server may have for this
domain name or host.
ƒ
ZONE. Display the zone listing for the domain. The zone listing describes the
domains for which the name server is the primary name server) and lists all
registered hosts in the domain.
DNS. Select the method of the look up:
ƒ
Stack. Use the OS TCP/IP stack look up routines.
ƒ
Default. Use the default DNS server configured on the computer WhatsUp Gold is
running on.
ƒ
Custom. Query a custom DNS server. You must then enter the hostname or IP
address of the domain name server you want to use.
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ƒ
2
Timeout. Enter the amount of time (in milliseconds) for the tool to wait on a response
from the device. The Trace Route fails if this time limit is exceeded.
Click Lookup to run the tool.
Using the Telnet tool
Telnet is a simple service monitor that checks for a Telnet server on port 23. If no telnet
service responds on this port, then the service is considered down.
To begin the service check, click the Telnet button. Refer to the Telnet application Help for
more information.
Important: The Telnet protocol handler is disabled by default in Microsoft Internet
Explorer 7. To re-enable it, see Re-enabling the Telnet protocol handler (on page 371).
Using the SNMP MIB Walker
This network tool lets you discover, or explore in detail, the SNMP objects that a device
supports and that can be monitored with WhatsUp Gold. The SNMP MIB Walker actively polls
for objects. It does not require MIB files for the polled objects to be loaded.
An SNMP walk is a succession of SNMP getnext reads starting with the configured Object ID
(the root of the subtree walked) until there are no next objects in the MIB subtree or until the
specified number of lines in the MIB have been walked. As results return from the MIB Walker,
you can click an object (node) for more detailed information about the SNMP object and to
walk further down the list of objects. You can also hover the mouse cursor over a node to
display SNMP object details.
To use the SNMP MIB Walker:
1 Enter or select the appropriate information in the following fields.
ƒ
Address or hostname. Enter an IP address hostname for the device.
ƒ
Credentials. Select the appropriate credentials for the device from the list. For more
information, see Using Credentials (on page 103).
ƒ
Object ID. Enter the numeric or label ID for the object for which you want
information. A default OID is displayed in the box.
ƒ
Filter. (Optional) Enter a filter to narrow down the search by returning only OIDs
whose values match the filter criteria.
Tip: This is a regular expression, non-case-sensitive filter. For more information, see Regular
Expression Syntax.
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ƒ
Click the Advanced button to change the value for the search timeout and retries,
output types (tree, list-numeric OIDs, list-labels), and the maximum number of lines
displayed.
2 After you have entered all of the information, click Walk to perform the search. The
SNMP MIB Walker returns a list of SNMP objects that are available on the selected
device.
To cease the walk, click Stop. If you are performing multiple walks, click Back to view the
previous walk.
After the SNMP Walker returns a list of the supported SNMP objects, you can use this
information to create custom performance monitors and active script performance monitors
for devices. For more information, see Adding Custom Performance Monitors to Devices (on
page 218).
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To view detailed information about a specific MIB object, mouse over the object for which
you need more information. The information displays in a popup bubble.
About MIB Output Types
You can change the format for the way MIB objects are displayed in the Advanced
Parameters dialog. Whether the OID information is output as numeric OIDs or descriptive
labels, each node may have additional sub-nodes that can be drilled down (walked) for more
information. Each time you click a node, if there are child nodes, the node you clicked
becomes the root node for the drill-down. The child nodes are expanded and attributes are
displayed. MIB objects can be listed in one of three format options:
ƒ
Tree. Lists the MIB object in a tree structure format. This format is most useful in showing
the OID hierarchy.
ƒ
List - Numeric OIDs. Lists the objects in a tabular format showing OIDs in a row numeric
format. This format is especially helpful if you do not have the MIB file for the device
objects. It provides the raw OID information that you can use in Custom Performance
Monitors and Active Script Peformance Monitors. Also, you can click the individual OID
digits to display more or less MIB object information. As you click OID digits, the digits
further to the left expand the sub-node information of the respective digits. As you click
OID digits further to the right, the sub-node information expands for the respective digit
and therefore more granular sub-node information.
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ƒ
List - Labels. Lists the objects in a tabular format with user friendly labels. If the MIB for
the object is not loaded, labels will default to numeric OIDs. Click an OID label name to
expand the sub-nodes and view more information.
Note: You can switch to the WhatsUp Gold MIB Explorer by clicking on the MIB Explorer link
on the upper-right side of this dialog.
Using the SNMP MIB Explorer
This network tool lets you search for, or explore through, SNMP objects defined in MIB files.
The MIB File Explorer has three search/explore options.
As results return from the MIB File Explorer you can click an object (node) for more detailed
information about the SNMP object. You can also hover the mouse cursor over a node to
display SNMP object details.
To search by object ID:
ƒ
Enter an object label or object ID in the Object ID field, then click Detail.
To search by MIB module:
ƒ
Select a module from the MIB Module list, then click Display.
To search objects by type or description:
ƒ
First select Type or Description from the Search Object list. Then proceed appropriately:
ƒ
To search by object Type:
ƒ
ƒ
Select a type from the list, then click Find.
To search by object Description:
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ƒ
Enter a regular expression in the Description field. This is a regular expression,
non-case-sensitive filter. For more information, see Regular Expression Syntax (on
page 170). After entering the description in the field, click Find.
After the MIB File Explorer returns a list of the supported MIB objects, you can use this
information to create custom performance monitors and active script performance monitors
for devices. For more information, see Adding custom performance monitors to devices (on
page 218).
Note: You can switch to the WhatsUp Gold MIB Walker by clicking on the MIB Walker link on
the upper-right side of this dialog.
Using the MAC Address Tool
The MAC Address tool enables you to discover what MAC addresses are present on your
network and gives you the opportunity to obtain physical connectivity information for
devices on your network. This tool is useful to solve IP address conflicts within your network
by providing you with specific switch information.
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Tool results
After running the tool, the results of the test are displayed at the bottom of the page.
If Get connectivity information using SNMP is not selected when the tool is run, the results
include the following columns:
ƒ
IP Address. The IP addresses of devices on your network.
ƒ
MAC Address. The MAC addresses of devices on your network.
ƒ
Hostname. The hostnames of devices on your network.
If Get connectivity information using SNMP is selected when the tool is run, the results
include the following columns:
ƒ
IP Address. The IP addresses of devices on your network.
ƒ
MAC Address. The MAC addresses of devices on your network.
ƒ
Hostname. The hostnames of devices on your network.
ƒ
Port. The port numbers of the switch ports that are connected to the devices that own
the listed MAC addresses.
ƒ
Index. The unique value assigned to each interface. This number typically corresponds
with the interface port number.
Note: If Port and Index report values of -1, WhatsUp Gold did not understand the response
from the switch or the request timed out. Verify that credentials are correct and that you can
view other SNMP information from the switch, and then run the MAC Address tool again.
ƒ
Description. The interface description of the interface to which a device is connected.
Listed as a letter and a numeral, such as "B4". The interface description allows you to
identify the physical connector on the switch.
To use the MAC Address Tool:
1 Enter or select the appropriate information in the following fields.
ƒ
Local subnet. Enter the subnet on which you would like to find MAC addresses.
ƒ
Get connectivity information using SNMP. If you would like switch-specific
connectivity information for a device in the network, select this option. If this option is
selected, the following options are enabled. If this option is cleared, the following
options are disabled.
ƒ
Switch IP address. Enter the switch IP address.
ƒ
SNMP credential. Select the SNMP credential that you use to poll this device. If
the credential you want to use is not listed, you can add it using the Credential
Library.
ƒ
Timeout (seconds). Enter the amount of time for the tool to wait on a response
from the switch. The MAC address discovery fails if this time limit is exceeded.
ƒ
2
Retries. Enter the maximum number of retries when polling the switch using
SNMP.
Click Discover to discover the MAC addresses present on your network.
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Using the Diagnostic Tool
This tool diagnoses problems within your database by running a diagnostic scan.
To use the Diagnostic Tool:
1 To begin the scan, click the Diagnostic button.
2 After you have looked over and noted any problems, click Close.
3 To print the report, click the printer icon in the upper right corner of the window. If the
tool finds any problems, instructions on how to resolve the problems appear onscreen.
Using the Web Performance Monitor
The Web Performance Monitor extends the functionality of the Microsoft Windows
Performance Monitor to the Web. It is a data collecting and graphing utility designed
specifically for the WhatsUp Gold Web interface that graphs and displays real-time
information on user-specified SNMP and WMI performance counters. It can be used for a
quick inspection of a specific network device.
The graphs can be saved to the database and displayed on workspace views using the Split
Second Graph - Performance Monitor workspace report or on the Web Performance Monitor
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tool. Multiple SNMP and WMI counters can be displayed on a single graph, and the color and
scale of each graphed item can be individually configured.
Graphs created with the Web Performance Monitor are saved on a per-user account basis,
meaning, graphs are only accessible by the user account that created and saved them.
The Web Performance Monitor has two purposes:
ƒ
To provide a Web enabled WMI and SNMP performance counter poller and grapher. It
supports WMI for Windows servers, and SNMP for network devices such as switches,
routers, and UNIX devices.
ƒ
To build and edit graphs for use by the Performance Monitor workspace report. You can
use this workspace report to display any saved graph.
To add a WMI performance counter to the Web Performance Monitor:
1 Open the Web Performance Monitor.
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
2
On the WhatsUp section, select Tools > Web Performance Monitor. The Web
Performance Monitor appears.
Click Graph > Add WMI Performance Monitor.
- or -
3
4
Click the WMI button in the top-right side of the dialog (see the Toolbar buttons table
below). The Add WMI Performance Counter dialog appears.
Enter the appropriate information into the dialog fields.
Click OK to save changes.
To add a SNMP performance counter to the Web Performance Monitor:
1 Open the Web Performance Monitor.
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
2
On the WhatsUp section, select Tools > Web Performance Monitor. The Web
Performance Monitor appears.
Select Graph > Add SNMP Performance Monitor.
- or Click the SNMP button in the top-right side of the dialog (see the Toolbar buttons table
below).
3
4
The Add SNMP Performance Counter dialog appears.
Enter the appropriate information into the dialog fields.
Click OK to save changes.
Web Performance Monitor menu items
The Web Performance Monitor menu is located at the top left corner of the window.
File menu
ƒ
File > New Graph. This menu item resets the graph back to a blank graph.
ƒ
File > Edit Graph Name. This menu item lets you change the name of the selected graph.
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ƒ
File > Load Graph. This opens the Load Graph dialog, which displays a list of saved graph
files on the Web server.
ƒ
File > Save Graph. This saves the current graph to the database. If no filename is
specified, it launches the Save Graph dialog, which allows a filename to be specified. All
files are saved to the WhatsUp database.
ƒ
File > Save Graph As. This opens the Save Graph dialog which prompts you for a
filename, and then saves the current graph to disk.
ƒ
Windows Properties. This opens the Configure Window Properties dialog. Use this
dialog to configure the graph and window properties for the Web Performance Monitor.
Graph menu
ƒ
Graph > Add WMI Performance Counter. This launches the Add WMI Performance
Counter dialog.
ƒ
Graph > Add SNMP Performance Counter. This launches the Add SNMP Performance
Counter dialog.
ƒ
Graph > Edit Selected Counter. This launches the appropriate dialog for editing the
selected WMI or SNMP performance counter.
ƒ
Graph > Remove Selected Counter. This removes the selected counter from the list and
graph. No changes are saved to disk until the OK button is clicked or the graph is
manually saved (File > Save Graph - or - Save Graph As).
Help menu
ƒ
Help > Help. This launches help for the Web Performance Monitor.
Web Performance Monitor Toolbar buttons
The Web Performance Monitor Toolbar is located at the top right corner of the window.
Button
Function
Opens the Add WMI Performance Counter dialog.
Opens the Add SNMP Performance Counter dialog.
Opens the appropriate dialog for editing the selected WMI or SNMP performance
counter.
Removes the selected graph item from the list and graph.
Opens the help topic for the Web Performance Monitor
For troubleshooting information, see Troubleshooting SNMP and WMI connections (on page
370).
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Using the Web Task Manager
The Web Task Manager extends the functionality of the Microsoft Windows Task Manager to
provide network device overview information about processes occurring on a device, device
performance, and device interface activity. The Web Task Manager graphs and displays realtime information using SNMP or WMI device connections.
You can use the Web Task Manager to identify device issues and take corrective action on a
device.
There are three tabs that provide device information:
ƒ
Processes. Provides key indicator process information for a selected device that WhatsUp
Gold is monitoring. For example, you can view a list of .exe files that are running and the
amount of CPU and memory used by each program.
ƒ
Performance. Provides dynamic performance information for a selected device that
WhatsUp Gold is monitoring. For example, you can view details about the CPU and
memory usage.
ƒ
Interfaces. Provides information about a selected device's interfaces that WhatsUp Gold
is monitoring. For example, you can view a list of interfaces that the device uses learn
about how much data is transmitted and received via each interface.
Note: When viewing information for devices running Microsoft Windows, information
gathered via WMI is displayed in real time. Information gathered by SNMP, however, may
reflect a delay of one minute or more. This delay is caused by a limitation in how often
Microsoft Windows updates SNMP values.
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To use the Web Task Manager:
1 Open the Web Task Manager.
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
2
On the WhatsUp section, select Tools > Web Task Manager. The Web Task Manager
appears.
Enter or select the appropriate information for the following fields:
ƒ
Address or hostname. Enter a device IP address to select a device for which you want
to view process information. Click Reconnect to connect with a device that has
disconnected from the Web Task Manager.
ƒ
Browse (...). Click to open the Web Task Manager Credentials dialog and set a WMI
user name and password or an SNMP read community. The credential options are
provided from the credentials stored in the Credentials Library.
ƒ
Speed. Select the speed at which you want to monitor the device performance.
ƒ
ƒ
Normal. Updates device information every one second.
ƒ
Medium. Updates device information every five seconds.
ƒ
Slow. Updates device information every ten seconds.
ƒ
Paused. Stops updating device information.
Connect using. Select the device protocol (WMI or SNMP) used to monitor and
manage the device. The credentials stored in the Credentials Library are used to
connect and read information on the selected device.
Note: When viewing information for devices running Microsoft Windows, information
gathered by SNMP may reflect a delay of one minute or more. This delay is caused by a
limitation in how often Microsoft Windows updates SNMP values. For this reason, we
recommend using a Speed of Medium or Slow when using SNMP to view interface
information about a device running Microsoft Windows.
3
At the bottom of the Task Manager page, select the tab that you want to use
(Processes, Performance, or Interfaces).
4 For troubleshooting information, see Troubleshooting SNMP and WMI connections (on
page 370).
Using the Web Task Manager - Process tab
The Processes tab provides key indicator process information for a selected device that
WhatsUp Gold is monitoring. This information helps you learn about device processes and
identify trends and issues that occur on a particular network device. You can use the Web
Task Manager to view the processes running on WMI- or SNMP-enabled network devices.
Note: Microsoft Windows Server 2003 reports the VM Size column information in Kilobytes
instead of Bytes. This is a known issue to be corrected in a future WhatsUp Gold release.
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After you have identified a process that is causing device performance issues, such as an
application executable like Outlook.exe running multiple instances of the program, you
can correct the problem to bring the device performance back to normal.
Note: Unlike the Windows Task Manager, you cannot terminate processes using the Web
Task Manager. To terminate a task, you must log in to the computer where the task is running
and use the Windows Task Manager to end the process.
To use the Web Task Manager:
1 Open the Web Task Manager.
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
2
On the WhatsUp section, select Tools > Web Task Manager. The Web Task Manager
appears.
Enter or select the appropriate information for the following fields:
ƒ
Address or hostname. Enter a device IP address to select a device for which you want
to view process information. Click Reconnect to connect with a device that has
disconnected from the Web Task Manager.
ƒ
Browse (...). Click to open the Web Task Manager Credentials dialog and set a WMI
user name and password or an SNMP read community. The credential options are
provided from the credentials stored in the Credentials Library.
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ƒ
ƒ
Speed. Select the speed at which you want to monitor the device performance.
ƒ
Normal. Updates device information every one second.
ƒ
Medium. Updates device information every five seconds.
ƒ
Slow. Updates device information every ten seconds.
ƒ
Paused. Stops updating device information.
Connect using. Select the device protocol (WMI or SNMP) used to monitor and
manage the device. The credentials stored in the Credentials Library are used to
connect and read information on the selected device.
Note: When viewing information for devices running Microsoft Windows, information
gathered by SNMP may reflect a delay of one minute or more. This delay is caused by a
limitation in how often Microsoft Windows updates SNMP values. For this reason, we
recommend using a Speed of Medium or Slow when using SNMP to view interface
information about a device running Microsoft Windows.
3
At the bottom of the Task Manager page, select the tab that you want to use
(Processes, Performance, or Interfaces).
4 For troubleshooting information, see Troubleshooting SNMP and WMI connections (on
page 370).
Note: Some differences exist in column names between the Web Task Manager and
Windows Task Manager in Windows Vista and Windows 2008. The Mem Usage column in
Web Task Manager is named Working Set (Memory) in Windows Task Manager on
Windows Vista and Windows 2008. The VM Size column in Web Task Manager has no
corresponding column in Windows Task Manager on Windows Vista and Windows 2008.
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Using the Web Task Manager - Performance tab
The Performance tab provides dynamic performance information for a selected device that
WhatsUp Gold is monitoring. This information helps you learn about device performance and
identify trends, spikes, or other issues that occur on a particular network device. You can use
the Web Task Manager to view device performance for devices that are WMI or SNMP
enabled network devices.
After you have identified a performance issue that is causing device performance issues, such
as the Page File Usage indicating that the system memory is nearly at full capacity, you can
correct the problem to bring the device performance back to normal.
Note: When viewing information for devices running Microsoft Windows, information
gathered via WMI is displayed in real time. Information gathered by SNMP, however, may
reflect a delay of one minute or more. This delay is caused by a limitation in how often
Microsoft Windows updates SNMP values.
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To use the Web Task Manager:
1 Open the Web Task Manager.
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
2
On the WhatsUp section, select Tools > Web Task Manager. The Web Task Manager
appears.
Enter or select the appropriate information for the following fields:
ƒ
Address or hostname. Enter a device IP address to select a device for which you want
to view process information. Click Reconnect to connect with a device that has
disconnected from the Web Task Manager.
ƒ
Browse (...). Click to open the Web Task Manager Credentials dialog and set a WMI
user name and password or an SNMP read community. The credential options are
provided from the credentials stored in the Credentials Library.
ƒ
Speed. Select the speed at which you want to monitor the device performance.
ƒ
ƒ
Normal. Updates device information every one second.
ƒ
Medium. Updates device information every five seconds.
ƒ
Slow. Updates device information every ten seconds.
ƒ
Paused. Stops updating device information.
Connect using. Select the device protocol (WMI or SNMP) used to monitor and
manage the device. The credentials stored in the Credentials Library are used to
connect and read information on the selected device.
Note: When viewing information for devices running Microsoft Windows, information
gathered by SNMP may reflect a delay of one minute or more. This delay is caused by a
limitation in how often Microsoft Windows updates SNMP values. For this reason, we
recommend using a Speed of Medium or Slow when using SNMP to view interface
information about a device running Microsoft Windows.
3
At the bottom of the Task Manager page, select the tab that you want to use
(Processes, Performance, or Interfaces).
4 For troubleshooting information, see Troubleshooting SNMP and WMI connections (on
page 370).
The following are examples of information that is provided when you connect to and view a
WMI enabled device. Note, this information varies by operating system:
ƒ
CPU Usage. This graph indicates the percentage of time the processor is operating. Use
this graph to view how much the processor is operating.
ƒ
CPU Usage History. This graph indicates how much the processor has operated over
time. You can change the Speed option (High, Normal, Slow, Paused). The Speed option
determines how often updates occur to the CPU Usage History.
ƒ
PF Usage. This graph indicates how much page file memory is used.
ƒ
Page File Usage History. This graph indicates how much the page file memory is used
over time. If page file memory usage is high, you may want to increase the available page
file memory.
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ƒ
Totals. This provides the total number of Handles, Threads, and Processes occurring on
the selected device.
ƒ
Commit Charge (K). Provides information about the memory (Total, Limit, and Peak)
allocated to the operating system and applications running on the device.
ƒ
Physical Memory (K). Provides information about the amount of physical memory (Total,
Available, and System Cache) installed on the device.
ƒ
Kernel Memory (K). Provides information about how much memory (Total, Paged, and
Nonpaged) the operating system kernel and device drivers are using.
Note: Values reported for Peak and System Cache will differ from values reported by the
Windows Task Manager on the actual device. In the Web Task Manager, Peak reflects the
peak value for the time that the Web Task Manager has been open only, and System Cache
does not include the size of the free page list.
The following information are examples of the information that is provided when you
connect to and view a SNMP enabled device. Note, this information varies by operating
system:
ƒ
In (PKTS). Provides detailed information about the network packets that this device
receives.
ƒ
Out (PKTS). Provides detailed information about the network packets that this device
sends.
ƒ
System. Provides general system information about CPU performance, the number of
interfaces that are running on the device, the total amount of time the device has been
operating in the up mode, and the version number of Cisco software running on the
device (if applicable).
For troubleshooting information, see Troubleshooting SNMP and WMI connections (on page
370).
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Using the Web Task Manager - Interfaces tab
The Interfaces tab provides information about the interfaces available on a selected device
that WhatsUp Gold is monitoring. This information helps you determine how much data is
transmitted and received via each interface, and therefore may help you locate an interface
that using an unexpected amount of bandwidth.
After you have identified the interface that is causing bandwidth performance issues, such as
a file sharing application exposing shared files on a computer for others on the Internet to
access and download, you can correct the problem to bring the device performance back to
normal.
The Web Task Manager includes the following columns:
ƒ
Description. This column is the text description of the interface as configured on the
device.
ƒ
Index. This column is the unique numerical indentifier of the interface as defined on the
device.
ƒ
Transmit %. This column indicates what percentage of the interface's capacity is
currently being used to transmit data.
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ƒ
Receive %. This column indicates what percentage of the interface's capacity is currently
being used to receive data.
ƒ
In Bandwidth (kbps). This column shows the amount of data received by the device in
kilobits per second.
ƒ
Out Bandwidth (kbps). This column shows the amount of data transmitted by the device
in kilobits per second.
To use the Web Task Manager:
1 Open the Web Task Manager.
ƒ
From the web interface, click GO. The GO menu appears.
ƒ
2
On the WhatsUp section, select Tools > Web Task Manager. The Web Task Manager
appears.
Enter or select the appropriate information for the following fields:
ƒ
Address or hostname. Enter a device IP address to select a device for which you want
to view process information. Click Reconnect to connect with a device that has
disconnected from the Web Task Manager.
ƒ
Browse (...). Click to open the Web Task Manager Credentials dialog and set a WMI
user name and password or an SNMP read community. The credential options are
provided from the credentials stored in the Credentials Library.
ƒ
Speed. Select the speed at which you want to monitor the device performance.
ƒ
ƒ
Normal. Updates device information every one second.
ƒ
Medium. Updates device information every five seconds.
ƒ
Slow. Updates device information every ten seconds.
ƒ
Paused. Stops updating device information.
Connect using. Select the device protocol (WMI or SNMP) used to monitor and
manage the device. The credentials stored in the Credentials Library are used to
connect and read information on the selected device.
Note: When viewing information for devices running Microsoft Windows, information
gathered by SNMP may reflect a delay of one minute or more. This delay is caused by a
limitation in how often Microsoft Windows updates SNMP values. For this reason, we
recommend using a Speed of Medium or Slow when using SNMP to view interface
information about a device running Microsoft Windows.
3
At the bottom of the Task Manager page, select the tab that you want to use
(Processes, Performance, or Interfaces).
4 For troubleshooting information, see Troubleshooting SNMP and WMI connections (on
page 370).
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Appendix A
Using WhatsUp Gold Distributed and
MSP Editions
In This Chapter
About the WhatsUp Gold Distributed and MSP Edition.....................337
Installing Central and Remote Sites...........................................................338
About the WhatsUp Gold Distributed and MSP
Edition
The WhatsUp Gold Distributed and MSP Edition extends the capabilities of a single WhatsUp
product to let you monitor multiple remote networks (sites) from a central location. This
solution includes a WhatsUp Gold Central installation and a WhatsUp Gold Remote
installation.
The WhatsUp Gold Central Site installation coordinates data feeds from multiple WhatsUp
Remote Site installations. The network data can then be viewed in reports that you select and
customize on the Central Site. The Central and Remote installations, together, provide high
visibility to the networks from one central location.
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About the Distributed and MSP Edition reporting capabilities
The WhatsUp Gold Distributed and MSP Edition lets you set up and view reports associated
with each monitored network. You set up centralized reports on the Central Site to gather key
data from the Remote Sites. With the monitoring and reporting capabilities you can be
confident that you will stay informed about the overall network health. In fact, if you loose
the connection between the Central and Remote Sites, the information from the last network
scan is still available on the Central Site. Each Remote Site continues to run an independent,
full-featured version of WhatsUp, so it continues to gather network data, regardless of the
connection status between the Remote and Central Sites.
All data communicated between the Central and Remote Sites is transferred over Secure
Socket Layer (SSL) protocol to ensure that data is secure and confidential. The SSL
communications between sites occur seamlessly, with no extra user setup required.
Installing Central and Remote Sites
Installation overview
The Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold Distributed and MSP Edition is comprised of the:
ƒ
WhatsUp Gold Central Site component installed on a network computer to collect data
from and monitor all of the Remote Sites.
ƒ
WhatsUp Gold Remote Site component installed on a network computer at each
remote location. Each remote site computer monitors the remote site network and
reports the network status back to the Central Site.
ƒ
Ipswitch Dashboard Screen Manager application automatically installed with the
WhatsUp Gold Central Site. After the Central and Remote Sites are set up, you can
configure this application to cycle through a series of selected WhatsUp Gold web
interface pages and other Web pages that you want to view on a regular basis. The
Dashboard is ideal to set up across multiple monitors to view multiple networks or
Remote Sites, increasing visibility to the information that is most important to you. For
more information, see Step 5: Using the Ipswitch Dashboard Screen Manager application (on
page 360).
There are two installation programs for the Distributed and MSP Edition, one for the WhatsUp
Gold Central Site and a second for the WhatsUp Gold Remote Site. The installation programs
step you through the process of installing each part of the application.
Following are the overview steps required to install the Distributed and MSP Edition:
1
Install the Central Site application. For more information, see Step 1: Installing the
WhatsUp Gold Central Site (on page 340).
ƒ
(Recommended) Select whether to enable the WhatsUp Web server and select the
Web server port.
ƒ
Create a User Name and Password that the Remote Sites will use when connecting to
the Central Site.
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ƒ
Configure the TCP port that the Remote Sites will use to connect to the Central Site.
2
Make sure the firewall ports are specified and open for the inbound connections (from
the Remote Sites on Port 9394 TCP). For more information see, Step 2: Configuring the
firewall for Central and Remote Site connections (on page 343).
3
Install the Remote Site application at the remote locations. For more information, see
Step 3: Installing the WhatsUp Gold Remote Site (on page 343).
ƒ
Select whether to enable the WhatsUp Web server and select the Web server port.
ƒ
Set up the Central Site IP Address and TCP Port that the Remote Site(s) will use to
connect to the Central Site.
ƒ
Set the User Name and Password that the Remote Site(s) will use to gain access to the
Central Site.
ƒ
Set up the Display Name for the Remote Site.
ƒ
(Recommended) Enter the HTTP address that the Central Site will use to access this
Remote Site's Web interface.
ƒ
Run the network discovery to identify devices on the network and set up active and
passive monitors.
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4
Create Workspace Reports on the Central Site installation for each of the Remote Sites.
For more information see, Step 4: Using Reports for WhatsUp Gold Distributed and MSP
Edition (on page 346).
5 (Optional) Set up the Dashboard application on the Central Site. For more information,
see Step 5: Using the Ipswitch Dashboard Screen Manager application (on page 360).
After the above steps are complete, the application is ready to monitor, and be further
customized and expanded as required. Data will be communicated from the Remote Sites to
the Central Site. The network data is rolled-up in the workspace reports and full reports that
you set up. For more information, see Step 4: Using Reports for WhatsUp Gold Distributed and
MSP Edition (on page 346). If you enabled access to the Remote Sites, you can drill-down from
the Central Site reports to detailed historical data on the related Remote Site.
Step 1: Installing the WhatsUp Gold Central Site
The WhatsUp Gold Central Site serves as the monitoring system for important network
activity data gathered by the Remote Sites. After the Remote and Central Sites are set up and
reports are configured on the Central Site, the network status information from each Remote
Site is communicated to the Central Site.
Following is the information that is configured during the Central Site installation:
ƒ
SQL Server 2005 Express (SSE) is installed on the Central Site computer.
ƒ
Select whether to enable the WhatsUp Web server and select the Web server port.
ƒ
Configure the TCP port that the Remote Sites will use to connect to the Central Site.
ƒ
Create a User Name and Password that the Remote Sites will use to gain access the
Central Site.
ƒ
(Optional) Run the network discovery to identify devices on the network and set up
Active and Passive Monitors.
To install the WhatsUp Gold Central Site:
The installation program is similar whether you are installing for the first time or upgrading
from a previous WhatsUp installation. Steps that apply only to a first-time installation, or only
to an upgrade, will be identified as such.
To install or upgrade the Distributed and MSP Edition:
1 Log in directly to Microsoft Windows using the Administrator account (or, if you do not
have an account called Administrator, use an account that has full administrative
privileges to the computer). Do not use Terminal Services or Remote Desktop to install
WhatsUp Gold.
Note: When installing on Windows Vista, additional steps are necessary for the Task Tray
application to work properly. For more information, see Task Tray Application fails on
Windows Vista (on page 368).
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2
Start the installation program:
ƒ
If you purchased a WhatsUp Gold CD-ROM, insert the Central Site CD-ROM into the
appropriate drive. If it does not run automatically, click Start, select Run, then enter
the CD path followed by AutoRun.exe For example: D:\AutoRun.exe
ƒ
3
If you downloaded WhatsUp Gold from the WhatsUp Gold Web site, run the
downloaded Central Site installation application.
Read the Welcome screen.
The Welcome screen recommends that you disable any running antivirus software,
estimates how long it takes to install the application, and displays a button that, when
clicked, displays the release notes.
Click Next to continue. The License Agreement dialog opens.
4 Read the license agreement. Select the appropriate option, then click Next.
5 For first-time installation only: Select the install directories for SQL Server 2005
Express Edition. The application and data files will be installed in default directories. If
you want to change the locations, click the browse buttons to find and select a different
directory.
Note: If you want to customize your database setup, you need to first complete the
installation using Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express. After installation completes, you can
manually configure your database as described in Using an alternative database setup (on
page 26).
Important: Make sure that you have a large capacity drive selected for data storage. Data
files can grow up to 4 GB.
The application and data files will be installed in default directories. If you want to change
the locations, click the browse buttons to find and select a different directory.
Click Next.
Note: The SQL Server 2005 Express Edition installation may take several minutes.
6
For new installation only: Select the installation directory for the WhatsUp Gold
application files.
The default path is C:\Program Files\Ipswitch\WhatsUp. We recommend that you
use the default path. Some users prefer to put application files on a partition separate
from the operating system, which is usually installed on the C: drive, to isolate the
application from an operating system crash.
7 For upgrade installation only: Choose whether to backup your current WhatsUp Gold
database. We strongly suggest that you do this.
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8
For upgrade installation only: Choose how to handle existing Web and Report files.
If you have previously installed a version of WhatsUp, you may already have Web and
Report files stored in your installation directory. You can choose to either delete them or
back them up during the install.
9 If a sound card is installed and it has SAPI-compatible drivers, the install program asks
whether you want to install Text to Speech capabilities. If you select No, you can always
return and install Text to Speech at a later date.
10 For new install only: Choose whether to enable the Web server during install and enter
a port for this installation, then click Next. The default is Port 80.
Important: A Web server is required to view WhatsUp reports. If you do not enable a Web
server during the installation, you need to enable the WhatsUp Web server or IIS Web server
in order to view WhatsUp reports.
Note: This dialog will not be displayed during an upgrade if you have already enabled the
WhatsUp Web server in a previous version of WhatsUp.
11 Enter the TCP port that the Remote Sites will use to connect to the Central Site (default
port is 9394).
12 Enter a User Name and Password that the Remote Sites will use to access this Central
Site, then click Next. The Ready to Install the Program dialog opens.
Note: Make note of this information. You will need the TCP port and User Name and
Password information for each Remote Site installation.
13 Click Install to install the WhatsUp Gold application files. The installation program gives
you the option to click Back and change options or click Cancel prior to completing the
installation.
Important: When you use an alternative database setup, you will need to run the database
upgrade scripts when installing a new release of WhatsUp Gold. The installation program will
warn you if it detects a non-default database. For information on running the upgrade
scripts, see Upgrading the database schema (on page 20).
14 Select whether you want to view the release notes and/or start the program, then click
Finish.
After the application starts, you are introduced to the Discover Devices wizard, which lets you
set options on how to discover your local network. If you want to postpone these steps, click
Cancel. You can manually start the local Discover Devices wizard in the WhatsUp console
application at a later time. Start the console application, then click File > Discover Devices.
Changing the Central Site configuration settings
The WhatsUp Gold Central Site installation program steps you through the configuration
options for the Central Site. You can also update the configuration settings in the WhatsUp
Console after installation.
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To update the Central Site configuration:
ƒ
From the WhatsUp console, click Configure > Program Options, then click Central Site
Configuration. For more information about the configuration settings, see the
application Help.
Step 2: Configuring the firewall for Remote Site connections
Accessing the Central Site
The WhatsUp Gold Distributed and MSP Edition is designed to simplify firewall connections.
Communications are outbound from each Remote Site back to the Central Site, so only one
configuration is required for all Remote Sites to communicate back to the Central Site.
After you have set up the WhatsUp Gold Central Site, you need to determine what is required
for the Remote Sites to connect across WANs, firewalls, routers, and other network security
measures to communicate back to the Central Site. This information will be required as you
install and configure each WhatsUp Gold Remote Site.
If you are not responsible for these network security configurations, contact the appropriate
network administrator to help you identify the requirements to allow the connections in to
the Central Site.
Accessing Remote Sites
Additionally, it is not required, but you can also configure the Remote Sites to be accessible
via their Web interfaces. By doing so, users can drill-down from the Central Site to specific
reports and data on a specific Remote Site. You can control access from the Central Site to the
Remote Site by providing varying levels of user privileges to data on each Remote Site. For
more information, see Creating and modifying user accounts (on page 70).
Step 3: Installing the WhatsUp Gold Remote Site
The WhatsUp Gold Remote Site monitors devices and network activity for each remote
network site. After the Remote and Central Sites are set up and reports are configured on the
Central Site, the network status information from each Remote Site is communicated to the
Central Site.
Following is the information that is configured during the Remote Site installation:
ƒ
SQL Server 2005 Express (SSE) is installed on the Remote Site computer.
ƒ
Select whether to enable the WhatsUp Web server and select the Web server port.
ƒ
Set up the Central Site IP Address and TCP Port that the Remote Site(s) will use to connect
to the Central Site.
ƒ
Set the User Name and Password that the Remote Site(s) will use to gain access the
Central Site.
ƒ
Set up the Display Name for the Remote Site.
ƒ
(Recommended) Enter the HTTP address that the Central Site's browser will use to access
this Remote Site's Web interface.
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ƒ
Run the network discovery to identify devices on the network and set up Active and
Passive Monitors.
To install the WhatsUp Gold Remote Site:
The installation program is similar whether you are installing for the first time or upgrading
from a previous WhatsUp installation. Steps that apply only to a first-time installation, or only
to an upgrade, will be identified as such.
To install or upgrade the Distributed and MSP Edition:
1 Log in directly to Microsoft Windows using the Administrator account (or, if you do not
have an account called Administrator, use an account that has full administrative
privileges to the computer). Do not use Terminal Services or Remote Desktop to install
WhatsUp Gold.
Note: When installing on Windows Vista, additional steps are necessary for the Task Tray
application to work properly. For more information, see Task Tray Application fails on
Windows Vista (on page 368).
2
Start the installation program:
ƒ
If you purchased a WhatsUp Gold CD-ROM, insert the Remote Site CD-ROM into the
appropriate drive. If it does not run automatically, click Start, select Run, then enter
the CD path followed by AutoRun.exe For example: D:\AutoRun.exe
ƒ
3
If you downloaded WhatsUp Gold from the WhatsUp Gold Web site, run the
downloaded Remote Site installation application.
Read the Welcome screen.
The Welcome screen recommends that you disable any running antivirus software,
estimates how long it takes to install the application, and displays a button that, when
clicked, displays the release notes.
Click Next to continue. The License Agreement dialog opens.
4 Read the license agreement. Select the appropriate option, then click Next.
5 For first-time installation only: Select the install directories for SQL Server 2005
Express Edition. The application and data files will be installed in default directories. If
you want to change the locations, click the browse buttons to find and select a different
directory.
Note: If you want to customize your database setup, you need to first complete the
installation using Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express. After installation completes, you can
manually configure your database as described in Using an alternative database setup (on
page 26).
Important: Make sure that you have a large capacity drive selected for data storage. Data
files can grow up to the 4 GB.
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The application and data files will be installed in default directories. If you want to change
the locations, click the browse buttons to find and select a different directory.
Click Next.
Note: The SQL Server 2005 Express Edition installation may take several minutes.
6
For new installation only: Select the installation directory for the WhatsUp Gold
application files.
The default path is C:\Program Files\Ipswitch\WhatsUp. We recommend that you
use the default path. Some users prefer to put application files on a partition separate
from the operating system, which is usually installed on the C: drive, to isolate the
application from an operating system crash.
7 For upgrade installation only: Choose whether to backup your current WhatsUp Gold
database. We strongly suggest that you do this.
8 For upgrade installation only: Choose how to handle existing Web and Report files.
If you have previously installed a version of WhatsUp, you may already have Web and
Report files stored in your installation directory. You can choose to either delete them or
back them up during the install.
9 If a sound card is installed and it has SAPI-compatible drivers, the install program asks
whether you want to install Text to Speech capabilities. If you select No, you can always
return and install Text to Speech at a later date.
10 For new install only: Choose whether to enable the Web server during install and enter
a port for this installation, then click Next.
Important: A Web server is required to view WhatsUp reports. If you do not enable a Web
server during the installation, you need to enable the WhatsUp Web server or IIS Web server
in order to view WhatsUp reports.
Note: This dialog will not be displayed during an upgrade if you have already enabled the
WhatsUp Web server in a previous version of WhatsUp.
11 Enter the Central Site's Address <Central_Site_ip> (enter only the IP address without
http://) and the TCP Port that the Central Site will use to listen for a connection from the
Central Site (default port is 9394). After you have entered this information, you can click
Test to test the connection to the Central Site.
12 Enter the User Name and Password that the Remote Site(s) will use to access this
Central Site, then click Next. The Ready to Install the Program dialog opens.
Note: This is the User Name and Password that you set in the Central Site installation
program.
13 Enter the Remote Site Display Name. This is the Remote Site name that the Central Site
will use to identify this Remote Site (for example, Atlanta Office). The name will be
particularly helpful to identify reports associated with each Remote Site. The default
name is the computer name. Change it to better describe this Remote Site.
14 Enter the HTTP Address (recommended, but not required). This is the address that the
Central Site's browser will use to access this Remote Site. This address allows users to
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click links in the Central Site's Web interface to open browser connections directly to the
Remote Site's Web interface (if the user has access permissions). Example:
http://<Remote_Site_ip>:<Web server port> or http://192.168.200.123:8080. Click
Next.
Note: This IP address should be accessible in order to enable drill-downs into this Remote
Site installation from the Central Site. If inbound Web connections are not possible, only
status information will be available at the Central Site.
15 Click Install to install the WhatsUp Gold application files. The installation program gives
you the option to click Back and change options or click Cancel prior to completing the
installation.
Important: When you use an alternative database setup, you will need to run the database
upgrade scripts when installing a new release of WhatsUp Gold. The installation program will
warn you if it detects a non-default database. For information on running the upgrade
scripts, see Upgrading the database schema (on page 20).
16 Select whether you want to view the release notes and/or start the program, then click
Finish.
After the activation screen, you are introduced to the Discover Devices wizard, which lets you
set options on how to discover your local network. Use this wizard if you plan to monitor the
Central Site. If you only plan to use the Central Site to monitor Remote Sites, then you can
click Cancel. If you want to postpone these steps, click Cancel. You can manually start the
Discover Devices wizard in the WhatsUp console application at a later time. Start the console
application, then click File > Discover Devices.
Changing the Remote Site configuration settings
The WhatsUp Gold Remote Site installation program steps you through the configuration
options for the Remote Sites. You can also update the configuration settings in the WhatsUp
Console.
To update the Remote Site configuration:
1 From the WhatsUp console, click Configure > Program Options.
2 Click Remote Site Configuration.
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Step 4: Using Reports for WhatsUp Gold Distributed and MSP
Edition
After the Central and Remote Site installations are complete and communicating with each
other, you can determine the Remote Site reports to setup so you can view network health
information for each site.
There are a number of new reports available for the WhatsUp Gold Distributed and MSP
Edition. The two types of reports are:
ƒ
Workspace Reports
ƒ
Full Reports
Workspace Reports: learning about the Central/Remote Workspace
Reports
The WhatsUp Home workspace is the first screen you see after logging in to the WhatsUp
Gold web interface. This is your personal, customizable Home portal, or workspace.
The WhatsUp Gold Remote/Central workspace reports are similar to the workspace reports
you may have used in other versions of WhatsUp Gold. The primary difference is the
Remote/Central workspace reports let you set up workspace reports that watch Remote Site
network status from your WhatsUp Gold Central Site. For more information, see Learning
about workspace reports (on page 283).
Workspaces are designed to be user-specific, and are configurable to include workspace
reports specific to users' needs. Workspaces contain multiple views that let you organize
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various workspace reports by the type of information they display. When you begin
customizing your workspace views, you should consider the types of information you need to
view most often, the remote sites and devices in which you need to pay closest attention, and
what level of detail you want to monitor through a particular workspace view.
There are several Central/Remote workspace reports included in a Remote Sites workspace
view for the WhatsUp Gold Distributed and MSP Edition. They are available if you have
completed a new installation of WhatsUp Gold application. If you are upgrading from a
previous version of WhatsUp Gold, the Remote Sites reports are not added to the workspace
view for existing users; however, you can create a new Workspace View and add the default
Central/Remote workspace reports to it.
Following are the default Central/Remote workspace reports included in the Remote Sites
workspace view:
Remote/Central Reports
Description
Remote Site List
Lists all configured Remote Sites. The report contains:
Display Name
Local device
Last connect time
Last refresh time
Device Status (Remote)
Provides a status summary of all monitored devices on a selected
Remote Site. The report contains:
Display name
Devices up
Devices down
In maintenance
Last refresh time
Monitor Status (Remote)
Provides a status summary of all monitors configured for the monitored
devices on a Remote Site. The report contains:
Display name
Monitors up
Monitors down
Last refresh time
Remote Site Overview
Displays an information overview for a selected Remote Site. The report
contains:
Http address
Last connect time
Last refresh time
# of devices
# of monitors
# of queries
Display name
Device type
Host name
Address
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Summary Counts (Remote)
Provides a summary for a Remote Site by the total number of:
Monitored devices
Up devices
Down devices
Devices with down Active Monitors
Devices in Maintenance
Active Monitors
Down Active Monitors
Up interfaces
Down interfaces
Actions fired in the last 4 hours
Tail of Action Activity Log
(Remote)
Provides the tail (last 10 records) of the Action Log for a device group on
a Remote Site. The report contains:
Date
Source
Action Name
Trigger
Tail of Remote Site Log
Provides the tail (last 10 records) of the Remote Site Log. The report
contains:
Date
Type
Message
Remote Site
Active Monitor Status
(Remote)
Lists all Active Monitors assigned to devices on the selected Remote Site
Threshold - Ping by
Response Time Over 1 ms
(Remote)
Displays ping response times by threshold for devices in a specific device
group on a Remote Site. The report contains:
Remote Site
Last snapshot
Device
Interface
Max (ms)
Avg (ms)
Adding Remote/Central workspace reports to your Home Workspace
You can add new Remote/Central workspace reports, including Top 10 reports, to the home
workspace to customize workspace reports to best suit your needs. In the Workspace toolbar,
click Add Content.
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Use the Add Content To View dialog to add one or multiple Remote/Central workspace
reports to a workspace.
Note: The Tail of Remote Site Log is the only workspace report only available from the
Remote Site.
To add a workspace report:
1 Click the + button next to a report category folder, then click a report option box for
each report you want to add to your workspace. A preview image for each workspace
report is displayed at the bottom of the dialog.
Tip: The Central/Remote Reports shortcut icons
originates from a Remote Site.
indicate that the report data
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2
Click OK to save changes. The Home Workspace opens with the new workspace report
added to the page. Also, notice the gray server icons when you first add a Remote Site
workspace report. This indicates that you need to select a remote site for the workspace
report.
3
In the new workspace report, click Menu > Configure.
The Configure Remote Report dialog opens.
4 Select the Remote Site you want to add to the Home Workspace, select other options
available in the dialog (the options vary depending on the workspace report you
selected), then click OK. The new workspace report displays in the Home Workspace.
(Additional options available only for the Remote Site Overview workspace report)
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5
After you select a Remote Site, the Local device box displays in the dialog. Click the
Browse (...) button next to the Local device box. The Edit Remote Site dialog opens.
6
The Accept remote site connection option is selected by default. It allows users, with
rights, the ability to select or deselect (from the Central Site) the option to accept
connections from Remote Sites.
The primary reason to clear the check box option is if you need to disable the Central Site
from accepting connections from this Remote Site. For example, this option could be
helpful if one of the Remote Sites connected to the Central Site has an unusual amount of
activity and is using too much bandwidth between sites. You can use this option to
disable the Central Site from accepting connections from this Remote Site until you
resolve the problem.
Use the Local device checkbox to associate a device with the Remote Site. This device is
often the computer that is running the WhatsUp software on a Remote Site. Associating a
local device allows you to view the device status from the Remote Site, keeping you
informed about the connection status with the Remote Site. It also provides easy access
to the Network Tools for the local device you selected. Click the Browse (...) button, next
to the Local device box, for a list of devices on the Remote Site. The Select a Device dialog
opens.
7 Select a device that you want to associate with the Remote Site workspace report. This
device will display in the workspace report. Click OK, then click OK to close the Edit
Remote Site dialog. The Configure Remote Report dialog opens.
8 Click OK to save changes. The Home Workspace opens displaying the green collecting
data icons. The icons indicate that the Remote Site has connected and is collecting data
for the Central Site.
The Remote Site will update shortly or you can click the icons to force a refresh of the
Remote Site data.
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Using the Remote/Central workspace reports
While the Remote Site workspace reports work very much like workspace reports in WhatsUp
Gold Standard and Premium Editions, there are a few items to note about the reports that
help you identify them as Remote/Central workspace reports rather than local network
workspace reports.
ƒ
The Remote Site workspace report header includes a network icon next to the Remote
Site name to differentiate the Remote Sites from the local network devices (see 1).
ƒ
When you mouse over a Remote Site name, address, group name, status, etc., a shortcut
icon displays to indicate that you can click to drill through the information on the
Remote Site (see 2). When you click the shortcut icon , a new web browser window
opens for the selected Remote Site.
Important: Make sure that you select the option Access Remote Reports for each user that
you want to provide access to the Remote Site reports. Also, make sure that you select the
option Configure Remote Sites if you want a user to be able to access and change options
in the Configure Remote Sites dialog (Go > Configure > Configure Remote Sites). For more
information, see Configuring user accounts (on page 70).
ƒ
The Last snapshot information indicates the last date and time the Remote Site data was
sent to the Central Site (see 3).
ƒ
The date and time information turns blue if it has been longer than 5 minutes since
the remote site last updated.
ƒ
The date and time information turns red if it has been longer than 10 minutes since
the remote site last updated.
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Moving and removing Remote/Central workspace reports
WhatsUp Gold supports drag-and-drop within the web interface. You can move a workspace
report from one column of a workspace view to another, or position a workspace report
above or below another workspace report, by selecting it and dragging it to another area of
the workspace view. These location changes are saved: workspace reports will appear in the
location to which you moved them after logging out from the web interface or after moving
between workspace views.
To move a workspace report:
1 Select the title bar of the report you want to move, then drag it to the desired location.
A red box highlights the area that the report will be placed when the mouse button is
released.
2 Release the mouse button to place the report in the new page location. If you want to
cancel the move, while the report is selected, press the Esc key on your keyboard.
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To remove a report:
In the Web interface, go to the menu for a specific workspace report and click Close.
Keep in mind, when you remove a report, any customizations you have made to it are lost.
Managing Workspace Views
WhatsUp Gold comes with a few pre-configured workspace "views," including one for Default
Remote Sites. You can create more of your own workspace views to use along with the preconfigured views. You can create as many as you feel necessary to organize your system for
efficient reporting. You can also edit, copy, copy to (another user), and delete these views as
needed.
From the Workspace View list, select Manage Workspace Views.
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In the Manage Workspace Views dialog, you can create new workspace views, and edit, copy,
or delete an existing workspace view.
ƒ
Click New to configure a new workspace.
ƒ
Select an existing workspace view and click Edit to change the current configuration of a
workspace.
ƒ
Double-click an existing workspace to change its configuration.
ƒ
Select a workspace view, then click Copy to make a copy of that workspace and add it to
the list.
ƒ
Select a workspace view, then click Copy to to copy an existing workspace from here to
another user's list of workspaces.
ƒ
Select a workspace monitor view, then click Delete to remove it from the list.
To create a new workspace view:
1 From the Manage Workspace Views dialog, select New. The New Workspace View dialog
appears.
2
Enter the appropriate information in the following fields:
ƒ
View name. Enter a name for the workspace view.
ƒ
View type. Choose a type for the workspace view from the drop-down menu.
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ƒ
3
Column count. Enter a value for the number of columns you wish to have in the new
workspace view. Keep in mind, the more columns you include, the smaller the data
displayed inside a workspace.
ƒ Enter a value in pixels for each of the workspace columns.
Click OK to save changes.
To edit a workspace view:
1 From the Manage Workspace Views dialog, select Edit. The Edit Workspace View dialog
appears.
2 Enter the appropriate information in the following fields:
ƒ
Workspace name. The workspace title as it appears in the Workspace Library.
ƒ
Workspace type. The workspace type as it appears in the Workspace Library (Home
or Device).
Note: Workspace view types cannot be changed after a view is created. For example, a
Home workspace type cannot be changed later to a Device Status workspace type.
ƒ
Column count. The number of columns in the workspace.
ƒ Column width. The width of each column in the workspace in pixels.
3 Click OK to save changes.
To copy an existing workspace view:
1 From the Manage Workspace Views dialog, select Copy. The Edit Workspace View
dialog appears.
2
Enter the appropriate information in the following fields:
ƒ
Workspace name. The workspace title as it appears in the Workspace Library.
ƒ
Column count. The number of columns in the workspace.
ƒ Column width. The width of each column in the workspace in pixels.
3 Click OK to save changes.
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To copy a workspace view to another WhatsUp Gold user:
1 From the From the Manage Workspace Views dialog, select Copy to. The Edit
Workspace View dialog appears.
2
Enter the appropriate information into the following fields:
ƒ
Copy to user. Select a user account from the drop-down menu in which to copy the
workspace view.
ƒ
3
View name. The name of the workspace view as it will appear in the Workspace
Library.
Click OK to save.
To delete a workspace view:
1 From the From the Manage Workspace Views dialog, click Delete.
2 Click OK on the dialog that follows.
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Full Reports: learning about the Central/Remote Full Reports
The WhatsUp Gold Distributed and MSP Edition includes two full reports for Remote Sites,
located on the Reports tab in the System category:
ƒ
Remote Site Log
ƒ
Remote Site Status
Advantages of full Reports
ƒ
Larger than the workspace reports, full reports give you a larger data view, which can be
useful in pin-pointing the time something happened, or viewing multiple graphed items.
Many workspace reports link to full reports, so that you can view this larger data view to
troubleshoot.
ƒ
The date range on full reports can be zoomed in on, or zoomed out on, so that you can
get a smaller or larger picture of what's going on with a particular aspect of the network.
ƒ
A list in the upper-right corner of a full report screen allows you to navigate to other
reports in the same category. When you use this list to navigate to another report, the
date range selected in the report you are navigating away from is transferred to any
report you view subsequently.
Much of the data in full reports can be exported to Microsoft Excel or to a formatted text file.
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Using the Remote Site full reports
The Remote Site Log provides a record of error messages generated by the Remote Site
connection attempts.
Click a Remote Site name to open an instance of the Remote Site WhatsUp Gold Web
interface. For more information about the Remote Site Log, see the application Help.
The Remote Site Status report provides overview information about the state of the devices
and active monitors on the Remote Sites.
Click a number in one of the columns to drill-down to more detailed information about up
and down devices and monitors and devices in maintenance.
Note: The Remote Site Status report is only available from the Central Site.
Step 5: Using the Ipswitch Dashboard Screen Manager application
After you have the Central and Remote Sites working, have customized your workspace
reports and started viewing the Remote Site full reports, you can take advantage of the
Ipswitch Dashboard Screen Manager capabilities. The Dashboard is installed on the Central
Site by default. However, if you prefer to install the Dashboard on a system other than the
Central site, you can locate the .exe installation file at ..\Program
Files\Ipswitch\WhatsUp\Dashboard.exe.
The Dashboard Screen Manager is a stand-alone application designed to display a series of
Web pages, or a "playlist," on one or multiple monitors. The Dashboard was created as a
complement to the Ipswitch network monitoring application, WhatsUp Gold, and as an aid to
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keeping your network visible. The Dashboard application is included in the WhatsUp Gold
Central and Remote Site installations.
The Dashboard can run on a display console and cycle through various pages from the
WhatsUp Gold web interface. Network administrators then have important and pertinent
network information on display at all times, cycling and changing on its own without the
need of constant configuration. It also provides the capability to view multiple networks that
you are monitoring simultaneously.
Though the Dashboard Screen Manager was created to work along-side WhatsUp Gold, it can
display virtually any Web page. For example, an Internet business providing service to a small
town in the desert glances at one screen on the Dashboard and sees that the connectivity to
the town is down. By displaying the weather for this town on another screen at the same
time, the network administrator is able to see that the extreme temperatures of the day have
likely caused problems for the cable transmitters.
Note: If you want to display a password protected page for another Web application, you
must supply a valid username and password for the page. For more information, see the
Dashboard application Help.
For more information about installing and using the Dashboard Screen Manager, see Using
the Ipswitch Dashboard Screen Manager, a document located on the Ipswitch Network
Monitoring Web site (http://www.whatsupgold.com/).
To further enhance your network activity visibility, you may also want to set up a multimonitor network display, for more information see Setting up a WhatsUp Multi-Monitor
Network Display, a document located on the Ipswitch Network Monitoring Web site
(http://www.whatsupgold.com/).
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Creating and modifying user accounts
User accounts that are granted the Manage User right can create and edit user accounts.
To create a new or edit a WhatsUp Gold user account:
1 From the WhatsUp Gold web interface, select GO. The GO menu appears.
2 On the WhatsUp section of the GO menu, select Configure > Manage Users. The
Manage Users dialog appears.
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3
Click New. The Add User dialog appears.
- or Select a user account and then click Edit. The Edit User dialog appears.
4
Enter the appropriate information.
ƒ
User Name. Enter the name of the user.
ƒ
Authentication Type. Select the method of authenticating the user.
ƒ
Internal. Use the internal user database built in to WhatsUp Gold.
ƒ
LDAP. Use an external LDAP database.
ƒ
Language. Select the language to display for the user.
ƒ
Internal Password. Enter a password for the user. This option is disabled if
Authentication Type is set to LDAP.
ƒ
Confirm Password. Confirm the user's password. This option is disabled if
Authentication Type is set to LDAP.
ƒ
Home Group. Select the device group that the user will see when they log into the
WhatsUp Gold web interface. If they have the correct group access rights, they will be
able to navigate out of this group.
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ƒ
User Rights. Select the rights that correspond to the actions you want to allow the
user to complete.
ƒ
Check all rights. Select this option grant the user rights to perform all of the actions
listed.
5 Click OK to save changes.
6 If you have enabled Group Access Rights, you will be prompted if you would like to
specify Group Access Rights for the new user account.
Select Yes to open the Device Group Properties dialog for the user's home group.
- or Select No to close the dialog and return to the Manage Users dialog.
Learning more about using the WhatsUp distributed solution
For additional information to help you get started using the WhatsUp Gold distributed
solution, see Using WhatsUp Gold to Gather and View Network Data (on page 11).
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366
APPENDIX B
Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting your network
WhatsUp Gold is a tool used to monitor your network. It is up to you to fix the items that
WhatsUp Gold brings to light.
The following are questions you should think about while troubleshooting problems
detected through WhatsUp Gold.
ƒ
Is the entire subnet affected, or a single device?
ƒ
Is the entire device affected, or a service monitor on the device?
ƒ
What type of device is down?
Actions to take
After you have determined the scope of the network problems, one of the following may
help you fix the problem.
ƒ
If it is the entire subnet that appears to be down, you should check your hub, router, or
switch.
ƒ
Begin with checking the physical connections of the device to the network and to the
power supply. Check the network cables and power cables.
ƒ
Check wireless network cards and signal strength.
ƒ
Check the Health Detail Report to see whether a single monitor or the entire device is
down. If the device is down, all of the monitors will appear to be down.
ƒ
Using the Ping monitor, verify that the connection between the device and the network is
up.
ƒ
If a monitor appears to be down, try restarting the service that the monitor is watching.
To restart a service, you must access the device directly; this cannot be done through
WhatsUp Gold.
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Database Performance Tool
The Database Performance Tool is used to monitor the size of your database, and to manage
the index fragmentation percentage of the individual tables. Fragmented indexes can cause
database operations to slow down considerably, in much the same way that disk
fragmentation causes your computer to run slower.
Click Check for fragmented tables to begin. This may take a considerable amount of time
(up to a few minutes), depending on how many records are in your database.
ƒ
Select fragmented tables to optimize. This list shows all database tables with greater
than 10% index fragmentation, along with the total number of data rows in that table.
ƒ
Optimize selected tables. Select the tables in the list above to defragment those
database tables. WhatsUp Gold automatically stops and restarts the WhatsUp Service. The
status of the operation appears on the dialog, next to this button.
ƒ
The current database size is. This section of the dialog shows the total amount of space
used by the database. If you are using SQL Server 2005 Express as the WhatsUp Gold
database, this section also displays the percentage of the 4 GB file size limit currently in
use.
ƒ
Validate and compact database. Click this button to execute commands that validate
the database, index, and database links, and to compact the database. WhatsUp Gold
automatically stops the WhatsUp Service and restarts it once the operation is complete.
The validation phase executes the SQL Server commands DBCC CHECKCONSTRAINT,
DBCC CHECKCATALOG, and DBCC CHECKDB. These commands check the integrity of all
constraints in the database, check for consistency in and between system tables in the
database, and check the allocation and structural integrity of all the objects in the
database.
The compacting phase executes the SQL Server command DBCC SHRINKDATABASE,
which shrinks the size of the data files in the database. Note that no compression is used;
the database is simply compacted by removing empty space.
For more information on validating or compacting the database, see Getting Started with
SQL Server (http://www.msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/enus/startsql/getstart_4fht.asp) on the Microsoft Web site..
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Task Tray Application fails on Windows Vista
After installing WhatsUp Gold on Microsoft Vista, the WhatsUp Gold Task Tray Application
does not connect to the database if you log in to Windows using any account other than the
account used to install the application. To correct this issue, execute this script from the
command line in the C:\Program Files\Ipswitch\WhatsUp\DB Scripts\ folder:
sqlcmd -E -S (local)\WHATSUP -d WHATSUP -i
grant_all_users_read_access.sql
Important: If you run the above script, all database users (admin and others) are granted
read access to the WhatsUp Gold database.
Connecting to a Remote Desktop
WhatsUp Gold provides a quick link to the Remote Desktop/Terminal Services client that
allows you to connect to your devices remotely. If the client is installed on your WhatsUp
Gold computer, and the Remote Desktop/Terminal Services is installed and activated on the
device you want to connect to, you are prompted for the user name and password for that
device.
This application allows you to troubleshoot problems with your devices and monitors
identified by WhatsUp Gold.
To connect to a remote desktop:
1 Right-click the device you want to connect to.
2 From the right-click menu, select Remote Desktop. If the connection is successful, the
log in dialog opens. If the connection fails, an error message appears.
Note: For more information about the Remote Desktop feature, see the online help for the
Remote Desktop client itself.
WhatsUp Gold engine message
This message means that WhatsUp Gold is not operating properly, because the WhatsUp
Gold Engine service has stopped.
To restart the WhatsUp Gold engine:
1 Open the Windows Control Panel.
2 Select Administrative Tools > Services. The Services window appears.
3 Select Ipswitch WhatsUp Engine, then click Start.
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Troubleshooting SNMP and WMI connections
If you experience connection problems when connecting to a device via the Web Task
Manager, Web Performance Monitor, or any other WhatsUp Gold feature that uses WMI or
SNMP, please consult the lists below to troubleshoot the problem.
Troubleshooting a WMI connection
Important: You must have administrative credentials to establish WMI connections. For
more information, see Using Credentials (on page 103). Also, see Microsoft article 875605
(http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;875605).
ƒ
Establishing a WMI connection can be very slow.
This slow connection time can worsen when attempting to connect with devices running
Microsoft Vista.
We recommend that you open RPC port 135 on both the WhatsUp device's firewall and
the firewall for device to which you are attempting to connect. Also be sure to open this
port on any firewall between the connecting devices. Refer to the operating system Help
for more information.
ƒ
Connected devices that are running different versions of Microsoft software (i.e. Microsoft XP and Vista) may experience delayed or slow communication.
ƒ
WMI over VPN connections can take up to 120 seconds (possibly longer) to establish an
initial connection. After the initial connection is made, subsequent connections take 8 to
10 seconds.
ƒ
Again, we recommend that you open RPC port 135 on each device's firewall, and any
firewall between the connecting devices.
ƒ
A WMI memory leak exists in Windows 2003 and XP. Microsoft has developed hotfix
911262 (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/911262/en-us) that minimizes the leak in XP,
and completely fixes the leak in Windows 2003.
For more information regarding WMI and connection problems, see Microsoft articles 389290
(http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa389290.aspx), 389286
(http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa389286.aspx), and the section entitled "I can't
connect to a remote computer" in the Microsoft Script Center article, "WMI Isn't Working!"
(http://www.microsoft.com/technet/scriptcenter/topics/help/wmi.mspx#E2C).
Troubleshooting an SNMP connection
Important: The SNMP Trap Listener must be enabled to collect data for the SNMP Trap Log.
To enable the WhatsUp Gold SNMP Trap Listener, the Microsoft SNMP Trap Listener must be
disabled. Also, be sure to open SNMP port 162 for incoming SNMP traps.
ƒ
If you receive invalid values when attempting to monitor the IfOperStatus OID from a
device running Vista, download Microsoft's hotfix 935876
(http://support.microsoft.com/kb/935876) to solve the problem.
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ƒ
If you experience connection problems with a specific device, ensure that the device has
SNMP enabled. Also ensure that SNMP port 161 is open on the device you are attempting
to monitor.
ƒ
If you get what looks like a "stair-step" in your CPU and Process Utilization graphs, this is
caused by Microsoft's 60-second polling interval. Increasing WhatsUp Gold's polling
interval could help compensate for the lengthy Microsoft polling interval.
ƒ
Similarly, if you experience delays and/or unexpected, weird spikes in your graphs, try
increasing the polling interval.
False negative returned from WMI monitors
Have your WMI monitors been reporting down services when in fact your services are up?
You may need to increase the default length of the RPCPingTimeout registry value so that
you are given a longer chance to connect.
To edit the RPCPingTimout registry value:
1 Go to Start > Run > Regedit.exe
2 From the Registry Editor go to:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Ipswitch\Network Monitor\WhatsUp
Engine\Settings
3 Within the Settings folder, select RPCPingTimeout and right-click. From the right-click
menu, select Modify.
4 In the Edit DWORD Value dialog, enter in a new value for the timeout and click OK.
Important: The default timeout is 5 seconds. We strongly recommend that you do not
exceed a timeout of 30 seconds.
After making any changes to the registry, you need to restart the WhatsUp Engine.
To restart the WhatsUp Engine:
1 Go to Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Services.
2 Select Ipswitch WhatsUp Engine from the list of services and select Restart from the
left side of the dialog.
Re-enabling the Telnet protocol handler
The Telnet protocol handler is disabled by default in Microsoft Internet Explorer 7. In order to
use the Telnet tool in WhatsUp Gold, you need to re-enable the Telnet protocol.
To re-enable the Telnet protocol:
1 Click Start > Run. The Run dialog box opens.
2 In the Open box, enter: Regedit, then click OK. The Registry Editor opens.
3 Go to the following key:
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet
Explorer\Main\FeatureControl
4 Under the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet
Explorer\Main\FeatureControl, create a new key named
FEATURE_DISABLE_TELNET_PROTOCOL.
5 Add a DWORD value named iexplore.exe and set the value to 0 (decimal).
6 Close the Registry Editor and restart Microsoft Internet Explorer 7. The Telnet protocol is
enabled.
Passive Monitor payload limitation
Passive monitors have a payload limitation of 3 KB for WMI, SNMP, and Syslog Passive
Monitors. Due to this limitation, a payload may not show up in a trap or event log when
expected, or actions that fire when no payload is present may cause WhatsUp Gold to send a
blank email alert.
Restarting the WhatsUp Gold services from the
command line
You can quickly restart the WhatsUp Gold polling engine and the Ipswitch Web Server using
the NmServiceRestart.exe command line utility. This utility can be called directly from the
command line or from batch scripts or scheduled tasks as part of your automated processes.
Usage
NmServiceRestart.exe [/s] [/p] [/w]
Parameter
Description
/s
Run in silent mode. When this option is included, the utility does not report any
feedback.
/p
Restart the WhatsUp Gold polling engine only.
/w
Restart the Ipswitch Web Server only.
Note: If both /p and /w are specified, the utility restarts both services. If only one is specified,
the utility restarts only the service that is specified.
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Recommended SMS modems and
troubleshooting tips
Ipswitch has tested and currently recommends the following SMS modems for use with the
SMS Direct Action (not the SMS Action):
ƒ
Motorola® RAZR V3 (http://www.motorola.com)
This cell phone was connected to the WhatsUp device acting as a GSM modem.
ƒ
MultiModem® GPRS external wireless modem
(http://www.multitech.com/PRODUCTS/Families/MultiModemGPRS/), model: MTCBA-GF2
ƒ
Siemens TC65 Terminal (http://www.usa.siemens.com)
Unlike the other modems that have their own drivers to install, this modem did not have
specific drivers to install. The Windows Standard 56000 bps modem driver was used with
the maximum port speed set to 115200.
ƒ
Falcom Samba 75 (http://www.falcomusa.com)
To consider
ƒ
GSM networks operate in the 850/900/1800/1900 Mhz bands.
ƒ
GSM modems are typically either dual or quad band.
Note: You must acquire a dual modem that operates at the correct frequency, or purchase a
quad band modem.
ƒ
European markets typically use 900/1800 Mhz capable devices.
ƒ
The U.S. and Canada use 850/1900 Mhz capable devices.
Troubleshooting SMS Modems
If an SMS modem is not working as expected, verify that the communications port (COM port)
to which the modem is attached is configured to use settings supported by the modem.
1
2
3
4
5
6
In the Windows Control Panel, double-click Device Manager. The Device Manager
appears.
Expand Ports.
Double-click the communications port used by the SMS modem. The Communications
Port Properties dialog appears.
Select the Port Settings tab.
Using the documentation provided by the modem manufacturer, verify that the port
settings listed are supported by the modem. If the listed settings are not supported,
make any necessary changes.
Click OK to save changes.
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Using line feeds and carriage returns to correct SMS modem issues
Some SMS Direct enabled phones do not work correctly with SMS Direct Actions because
new line characters are not always handled properly. This issue may be corrected by adding
the following new registry key entry:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Ipswitch\Network Monitor\Whatsup
Plugins\Actions\ActSmsDirect\NewLine
In the Value data box, enter a combination of a carriage return (\r) and/or line feed (\n)
command. For example enter one of the following:
ƒ
newline \r\n (recommended)
ƒ
newline \r
ƒ
newline \n
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Appendix C
About the Dashboard
Screen Manager
In This Chapter
Ipswitch Dashboard Screen Manager overview....................................375
How does the Dashboard Screen Manager work? ...............................376
Installing the Dashboard Screen Manager..............................................376
Configuring a Dashboard Screen Manager playlist .............................378
Ipswitch Dashboard Screen Manager overview
The Dashboard Screen Manager is a stand-alone application designed to display a series of
Web pages, or a "playlist," on one or multiple monitors. The Dashboard was created as a
complement to the Ipswitch network monitoring application, WhatsUp Gold, and as an aid to
keeping your network visible. The Dashboard application is included in the WhatsUp Gold
Central and Remote Site installations.
The Dashboard can run on a display console and cycle through various pages from the
WhatsUp Gold web interface. Network administrators then have important and pertinent
network information on display at all times, cycling and changing on its own without the
need of constant configuration. It also provides the capability to view multiple networks that
you are monitoring simultaneously.
Though the Dashboard Screen Manager was created to work along-side WhatsUp Gold, it can
display virtually any Web page. For example, an Internet business providing service to a small
town in the desert glances at one screen on the Dashboard and sees that the connectivity to
the town is down. By displaying the weather for this town on another screen at the same
time, the network administrator is able to see that the extreme temperatures of the day have
likely caused problems for the cable transmitters.
Note: If you want to display a password protected page for another Web application, you
must supply a valid username and password for the page. For more information, see the
Dashboard application Help.
For more information about the Dashboard playlists, see Configuring a Dashboard Playlist (on
page 378).
For more information about configuring a multi-monitor network display, see Setting up a
WhatsUp Multi-Monitor Network Display, located on the WhatsUp Gold Web site
(http://www.whatsupgold.com/).
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How does the Dashboard Screen Manager work?
In order for the Dashboard to work, it needs:
1
2
A monitor, or several monitors
A playlist for each monitor
The Dashboard displays a single playlist on every monitor you configure for use with the
Dashboard. You can configure as many monitors as you would like for use with the
Dashboard.
What is a Dashboard playlist?
On the Dashboard Screen Manager, a playlist is a list of Web pages the Dashboard displays on
a single monitor. A playlist can consist of one single, or multiple Web pages. When a playlist is
configured with a single Web page, this single page is refreshed on a user-specified refresh
interval. When a playlist is configured with multiple Web pages, the playlist cycles through
the pages also on a user-specified interval.
Installing the Dashboard Screen Manager
On the device you wish to install the Ipswitch Dashboard Screen Manager:
1
2
Log on to an Administrator account.
Start the installation program:
3
4
5
If you downloaded the Dashboard from the Ipswitch Web site, run the downloaded
installation application.
Read the Welcome screen. Click Next to continue.
Read the license agreement. Select the appropriate option, then click Next.
Select the install directory for the Dashboard. The default is:
C:\Program Files\Ipswitch\Dashboard
To browse and select an install directory different than that of the default location, click
Change.
6
Click Next to continue.
Click Install to install the Ipswitch Dashboard.
Note: To terminate the installation once it has began, click Cancel.
7
Make your selection, then click Finish.
Disable script debugging in Internet Explorer
After you have installed the Dashboard Screen Manager, it is important that you make sure
script debugging is disabled. Otherwise, a debugging program will pop-up and could crash
the Dashboard. By default, script debugging is disabled, but if you are unsure or know that
you have it enabled, you can check this setting in Internet Explorer.
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To disable script debugging in Internet Explorer:
1 Open Internet Explorer and go to Tools > Internet Options. The Internet Options
dialog appears.
2 Select the Advanced tab.
3 Scroll down and check the Disable Script Debugging (Internet Explorer) and the
Disable Script Debugging (Other) options.
4 Click OK to save changes.
Opening the Dashboard Screen Manager
After successfully installing the Dashboard, you can access the application from your
Windows Start Menu by selecting Ipswitch Dashboard > Dashboard.
Note: This changes if after the initial setup of the Dashboard, you choose to run the
Dashboard at Startup (on the Dashboard Settings dialog). If you choose to do so, the
Dashboard Screen Manager will automatically take you to the blank screen discussed below.
When the dashboard first opens, a blank screen is displayed. The blank page's title bar reads,
"Ipswitch Dashboard [Configure the 'Playlist' for the Dashboard by clicking a mouse button] aboutblank."
If you have multiple displays, you will see a Dashboard application instance for each display
in the taskbar. For example, if you have three display devices, DISPLAY1, DISPLAY2, or
DISPLAY3 shows in the taskbar. Select the display you want to configure first, then click a
button on your mouse to open the Dashboard Operations dialog. From here, you can
configure Dashboard playlists (on page 378).
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Configuring a Dashboard Screen Manager playlist
Keep in mind that you need to set up a playlist for each physical monitor on which you want
to display Web pages through the Dashboard Screen Manager.
To configure a single Web page playlist:
If you have chosen not to run the Dashboard Screen Manager upon Startup, click Start >
Programs > Ipswitch Dashboard > Dashboard. The Dashboard Operations dialog appears.
- or If you have chosen to run the Dashboard Screen Manager upon Startup, on the display you
want to configure a playlist for, click on the screen and the Dashboard Operations dialog
appears.
1
On the Dashboard Operations dialog, select Playlist for this Monitor. The Pane
Properties dialog appears.
2
3
Select Display single Web page.
Enter the appropriate information in the following fields:
ƒ
Title bar text. Enter the title bar name for the Dashboard display.
ƒ
URL. Enter or paste the URL for the Web page you want to display in the following
format:
http://www.websitename.com/webpagename
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ƒ
Refresh interval (in seconds). Enter an amount of time (in seconds) for how often
you would like the Web page to refresh.
ƒ
WhatsUp Gold Web login. Either select a user from the drop-down list, or click the
browse (...) button to choose a user from the WhatsUp Gold Web Login Library. This
user account is used for the Dashboard application to log-in to a password protected
site. Without a proper user account, the application is not able to display a passwordprotected Web page. If you are using a non-WhatsUp Gold Web page, set the Web
login to None.
Note: Other applications requiring a username and password to display Web pages can be
used in the Dashboard Screen Manager. You can specify these other application username
and passwords in the URL field, appended to the Web page URL.
4
Click OK to save changes.
Important: The Web Login drop-down list is empty until you populate the Web Login Library
with users. You can do this via the Web Login Library dialog.
To configure a multiple Web page playlist:
If you have chosen not to run the Dashboard Screen Manager upon Startup, click Start >
Programs > Ipswitch Dashboard > Dashboard. The Dashboard Operations dialog appears.
- or If you have chosen to run the Dashboard Screen Manager upon Startup, on the display you
want to configure a playlist for, click on the screen and the Dashboard Operations dialog
appears.
1
2
3
4
5
On the Dashboard Operations dialog, select Playlist for this Monitor. The Pane
Properties dialog appears.
On the display you want to configure a playlist for, select Playlist for this Monitor. The
Pane Properties dialog appears.
Select Cycle through multiple Web pages.
Click the Add button to add Web pages to the list. The Add URL to Playlist dialog
appears.
Enter the appropriate information in the following fields:
ƒ
Title bar text. Enter the title bar name for the Dashboard display.
ƒ
URL. Enter or paste the URL for the Web page you want to display in the following
format:
http://www.websitename.com/webpagename
ƒ
Refresh interval (in seconds). Enter an amount of time (in seconds) for how long you
would like the Web page to be on the screen.
ƒ
WhatsUp Gold Web login. Either select a user from the drop-down list, or click the
browse (...) button to choose a user from the WhatsUp Gold Web Login Library. This
user account is used for the Dashboard application to log-in to a WhatsUp Gold Web
page. Without a proper user account, the application is not able to display a
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password-protected Web page. If you are using a non-WhatsUp Gold Web page, set
the Web login to None.
Note: Other applications requiring a username and password to display Web pages can be
used in the Dashboard Screen Manager. You can specify these other application username
and passwords in the URL field, appended to the Web page URL.
6
7
Click OK to add the new Web page to the playlist.
Edit and Remove Web pages by selecting a Web page from the list and then clicking the
Edit or Remove button.
8 Click OK to save changes.
380
APPENDIX D
Using the SNMP API
The WhatsUp Gold SNMP COM API has been enhanced to improve the performance of your
scripted monitors and actions. With the addition of GetMultiple, you have the ability to get
multiple OID's within a single SNMP request. GetNext issues the SNMP GetNext command to
retrieve the value of the object that follows a specified object. Finally, the addition of the
SetFunction allows you to send SNMP set commands to your SNMP manageable devices.
The SNMP API includes the following objects:
ƒ
CoreAsp.SnmpRqst. The main SNMP object used to send SNMP requests (Get, GetNext,
Set) to a remote device.
ƒ
CoreAsp.ComResult. An object returned by certain methods of the SnmpRqst object to
indicate success or failure.
ƒ
CoreAsp.ComResponse. A response object returned by certain methods of the
SnmpRqst object that contain the status (either error or success) of an SNMP request and
the value of the polled object(s).
CoreAsp.SnmpRqst
This object is used to send SNMP requests to a remote device.
Initialize or Initialize2 must be called prior to any other members.
CoreAsp.SnmpRqst uses a three step process:
1 Calls Initialize or Initialize2 to initialize the object against a particular device.
2 Sets optional parameters such as timeout value, port, etc.
3 Performs any number of Get, GetNext, GetMultiple or Set operations against a
device. Those operations return an ComSnmpResponse object that contains the status
of the operation and the value either directly (use Failed/GetValue/GetOid) or as a
list of SNMP variable binding returned as XML data (use GetPayload).
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Method
Description
Returns
Initialize(
nDeviceID
)
Initializes the SnmpRqst object for the device with
the device ID specified in nDeviceID. If a device is
not configured with a valid SNMP credential, the
operation will fail.
ComResult object
ƒ
nDeviceID. A positive integer
corresponding to the device ID of a device
configured in WhatsUp Gold.
Tip: In Active Script Monitor and Script
Performance Monitors, the device ID of the
device to which the monitor is assigned can be
obtained from the Context object:
Context.GetProperty("DeviceID")
Initialize2(
sDeviceAddress,
nCredentialID
)
SetTimeoutMs(
ComResult object
Initializes the SnmpRqst object by creating a
connection to a device using the IP address of a
device and a credential stored in WhatsUp Gold. This
method can be used to initialize SnmpRqst for a
device that is not configured in WhatsUp Gold as
long as the credentials for the device are configured
in the credential library.
ƒ
sDeviceAddress. The address or hostname
of the device to be queried.
ƒ
nCredentialID. A positive integer
corresponding to the credential ID of a
credential configured in WhatsUp Gold.
Sets the timeout value in milliseconds. If not
specified, the timeout defaults to 2000 milliseconds.
nTimeoutInMilliSec
ƒ
)
SetNumRetries(
nNumberRetries
)
nTimeoutInMilliSec. A positive integer
representing the number of milliseconds
after which unresolved requests should be
terminated.
Sets the number of times to retry a request that has
timed out. If not specified, failed requests are retried
one time.
ƒ
ComResult object
ComResult object
nNumberRetries. A positive integer
representing the number of times to retry
timed out requests.
Tip: To send only one SNMP packet per request,
set nNumberRetries to 0 (zero).
SetPort(
nPort
)
Sets the TCP/IP port to be used by SnmpRqst. If not
specified, port 161 is used.
ƒ
ComResult object
nPort. A positive integer between 1 and
65535 corresponding to the port to be used.
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Method
Description
Returns
Get(
sOid
)
Issues an SNMP Get command to retrieve the value
of the specified object.
ComSnmpResponse
object
GetNext(
sOid
)
ƒ
Issues an SNMP GetNext command to retrieve the
value of the object that follows the specified object
in lexicographic order.
ƒ
GetMultiple(
sListOfOids
)
ComSnmpResponse
object
sOid. A string containing a valid OID.
Issues an SNMP Get command for each of the objects ComSnmpResponse
object
specified. GetMultiple sends all commands in a
single SNMP protocol data unit, so it is more efficient
than issuing multiple Get commands independently.
ƒ
Set(
sOid,
sType,
sValue
)
sOid. A string containing a valid OID.
sListOfOids. A comma-separated list of
valid OIDs.
Issues an SNMP Set command to set an OID value on ComSnmpResponse
object
a device.
ƒ
sOid. A string containing a valid OID for the
object for which you want to set the value.
ƒ
sType. A single character corresponding to
the type of value to set.
i = integer
u = unsigned integer
s = string
x = hexadecimal string
d = decimal string
n = NULL object
o = object ID
t = timeticks
a = IPv4 address
b = bits
ƒ
sValue. A string containing the value to set.
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CoreAsp.ComResult
This object is returned by members of the SnmpRqst object or other objects to indicate the
status of an operation.
Member
Description
Failed
Returns true if this object contains a failure and false if the object contains a
success.
GetErrorMsg
If Failed is true, this member returns the associated error message.
Note: All the members of the ComResult object are methods. They have no arguments and
should be called without parenthesis.
CoreAsp.ComSnmpResponse
This object contains a response from an SNMP request. It is returned by SnmpRqst member
functions: Get, GetNext, GetMultiple and Set.
Member
Description
GetOid
Returns the OID of the polled object. This member cannot be used with operations
that poll multiple objects, such as SnmpRqst.GetMultiple.
Note: This member is only useful when used with SnmpRqst.GetNext. It can
be used with SnmpRqst.Get and SnmpRqst.Set, but it returns the same
OID that you specified when calling those functions.
GetValue
Returns the value of the polled object. This member can only be used with functions
that poll a single object (SnmpRqst.Get, SnmpRqst.GetNext and SnmpRqst.Set)
Failed
If the request succeeded, returns false. If the request failed, returns true.
Note: When polling multiple objects, Failed returns true if even one error
exists in the results returned by GetPayload.
GetErrorMsg
If Failed returns true, this member returns the associated error message.
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
GetPayload
Returns XML data describing SNMP variable bindings (each containing OID, Type
and Value).
This XML data consists of a single VarBindList node which contains one or many
SnmpVarBind nodes.
<VarBindList>
<SnmpVarBind bHasError="false" sError=""
sOid="1.3.6.1.2.1.1.1.0" sValue="HELLO" />
<SnmpVarBind bHasError="false" sError=""
sOid="1.3.6.1.2.1.1.1.1" sValue="WORLD" />
</VarBindList>
You can use the Microsoft XML DOM object to access this information. For more
information, see the Read multiple objects in one request example.
Note: All the members of the ComSnmpResponse object are methods. They have no
arguments and should be called without using parenthesis.
Example scripts using the SNMP API
These example scripts demonstrate the SNMP API in use. All of these examples are written in
JScript.
ƒ
Initialize an SNMP object with error check from a device ID
The SnmpRqst.Initialize method returns a ComResult object that tells if the initialization
succeeded or failed.
This script uses the Failed method to detect an error and logs an error message using
GetErrorMsg if the initialization failed:
var oSnmpRqst = new ActiveXObject("CoreAsp.SnmpRqst");
var nDeviceID = 150;
var oComResult = oSnmpRqst.Initialize(nDeviceID);
if (oComResult.Failed)
{
Context.LogMessage(oComResult.GetErrorMsg);
}
Alternatively, initialization using a device address and an SNMP credential ID:
var oSnmpRqst = new ActiveXObject("CoreAsp.SnmpRqst");
var sAddress = "192.168.3.1";
var nCredentialID = 1;
var oComResult = oSnmpRqst.Initialize2(sAddress, nCredentialID);
if (oComResult.Failed)
{
Context.LogMessage(oComResult.GetErrorMsg);
}
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
ƒ
Send a standard Get and log the polled value
var oSnmpRqst = new ActiveXObject("CoreAsp.SnmpRqst");
var nDeviceID = 150;
var oComResult = oSnmpRqst.Initialize(nDeviceID);
if (oComResult.Failed)
{
Context.LogMessage(oComResult.GetErrorMsg);
}
var oSnmpResponse = oSnmpRqst.Get("1.3.6.1.2.1.2.1.0");
if (oSnmpResponse.Failed)
{
Context.LogMessage("Failure. Error=" + oSnmpResponse.GetErrorMsg);
}
else
{
Context.LogMessage("Success. Polled " + oSnmpResponse.GetOid + ",
got " + oSnmpResponse.GetValue);
}
ƒ
Send a Get using non-standard port and timeout
var oSnmpRqst = new ActiveXObject("CoreAsp.SnmpRqst");
var nDeviceID = 150;
var oComResult = oSnmpRqst.Initialize(nDeviceID);
if (oComResult.Failed)
{
Context.LogMessage(oComResult.GetErrorMsg);
}
oComResult = oSnmpRqst.SetPort(1234);
oComResult = oSnmpRqst.SetTimeoutMs(5000); // 5 second timeout
var oSnmpResponse = oSnmpRqst.Get("1.3.6.1.2.1.2.1.0");
if (oSnmpResponse.Failed)
{
Context.LogMessage("Failure. Error=" + oSnmpResponse.GetErrorMsg);
}
else
{
Context.LogMessage("Success. Polled " + oSnmpResponse.GetOid + ",
got " + oSnmpResponse.GetValue);
}
ƒ
Walk the MIB using GetNext
var oSnmpRqst = new ActiveXObject("CoreAsp.SnmpRqst");
var nDeviceID = 150;
var oComResult = oSnmpRqst.Initialize(nDeviceID);
if (oComResult.Failed)
{
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
Context.LogMessage(oComResult.GetErrorMsg);
}
var sOid = "1.3.6.1.2";
//get the next 10 objects
for (i=0; i<10; i++)
{
var oSnmpResponse = oSnmpRqst.GetNext(sOid);
if (oSnmpResponse.Failed)
{
Context.LogMessage("Failure. Error=" +
oSnmpResponse.GetErrorMsg);
break;
}
else
{
sOid = oSnmpResponse.GetOid;
Context.LogMessage(sOid + "=" + oSnmpResponse.GetValue);
}
}
ƒ
Read multiple objects in one request
var oSnmpRqst = new ActiveXObject("CoreAsp.SnmpRqst");
var nDeviceID = Context.GetProperty("DeviceID");
var oComResult = oSnmpRqst.Initialize(nDeviceID);
if (oComResult.Failed)
{
Context.LogMessage(oComResult.GetErrorMsg);
}
// Get three objects in one packet:
var oSnmpResponse =
oSnmpRqst.GetMultiple("1.3.6.1.2.1.1.1.0,1.3.6.1.2.1.1.2.0,1.3.6.1.2.1.1
.3.0");
if (oSnmpResponse.Failed)
{
Context.LogMessage("Failure. Error=" + oSnmpResponse.GetErrorMsg);
}
else
{
var sXML = oSnmpResponse.GetPayload;
var objXMLDocument = new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLDOM");
objXMLDocument.async = false;
objXMLDocument.loadXML(sXML);
var oVarBinds =
objXMLDocument.getElementsByTagName("SnmpVarBind");
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
// For each variable binding, log OID=VALUE
for (var i=0; i<oVarBinds.length; i++)
{
Context.LogMessage(oVarBinds(i).getAttribute("sOid") + "=" +
oVarBinds(i).getAttribute("sValue"));
}
}
ƒ
Reboot a Cisco device using Set
var oSnmpRqst = new ActiveXObject("CoreAsp.SnmpRqst");
var nDeviceID = 150;
var oComResult = oSnmpRqst.Initialize(nDeviceID);
if (oComResult.Failed)
{
Context.LogMessage(oComResult.GetErrorMsg);
}
var oSnmpResponse = oSnmpRqst.Set("1.3.6.1.4.1.9.2.9.9.0", 'i', 2); /*
reload */
if (oSnmpResponse.Failed)
{
Context.LogMessage("Failure. Error=" + oSnmpResponse.GetErrorMsg);
}
else
{
Context.LogMessage("Success. Polled " + oSnmpResponse.GetOid + ",
got " + oSnmpResponse.GetValue);
}
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Using WhatsUp Gold v12
©1995-2008 Ipswitch, Inc. All rights reserved.
Ipswitch WhatUp Gold User Guide
This manual, as well as the software described in it, is furnished under license and may be
used or copied only in accordance with the terms of such license. Except as permitted by
such license, no part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored on a
retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,
recording, or otherwise, without the expressed prior written consent of Ipswitch, Inc.
The content of this manual is furnished for informational use only, is subject to change
without notice, and should not be construed as a commitment by Ipswitch, Inc. While every
effort has been made to assure the accuracy of the information contained herein, Ipswitch,
Inc. assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions. Ipswitch, Inc. also assumes no liability
for damages resulting from the use of the information contained in this document.
IMail, the IMail logo, WhatsUp, the WhatsUp Gold logo, WS_FTP, the WS_FTP logos, Ipswitch,
and the Ipswitch logo are trademarks of Ipswitch, Inc. Other products and their brands or
company names, are or may be trademarks or registered trademarks, and are the property of
their respective companies.
389
Using WhatsUp Gold v12
390
API
Index
A
Action Policy
about.................................................................. 152
assigning to a monitor ................................. 161
assigning to device........................................ 147
creating ............................................................. 152
creating custom.............................................. 152
editing................................................................ 153
implicit............................................................... 153
Actions
about the Actions Library............................ 127
assigning.........................................130, 147, 161
blackout period .............................................. 148
configuring....................................................... 130
deleting ............................................................. 147
emailing ............................................................ 154
policies............................................................... 152
strategies .......................................................... 126
testing................................................................ 147
text to speech.................................................. 141
Active Discovery
about.................................................................. 237
configuring....................................................... 238
enabling/disabling ........................................ 240
using......................................................................53
Active Monitor
about.................................................................. 157
Active Script..................................................... 159
adding/editing................................................ 160
assigning Active Monitors........................... 160
assigning an action........................................ 161
configuring....................................................... 160
context code examples................................ 177
deleting ............................................................. 163
DNS ..................................................................... 159
email..........................................................159, 199
Exchange .......................................................... 159
library ................................................................. 158
NT Service ......................................................... 159
Ping..................................................................... 159
scripting ..........................................173, 174, 177
SNMP.................................................................. 159
SQL Server ........................................................ 159
TCPIP .................................................................. 159
Telnet ................................................................. 159
types................................................................... 157
WMI..................................................................... 159
Alerts ............................................................................18
task tray icon.......................................................18
SNMP ..................................................................381
B
backing up
database .............................................................. 30
Blackout Period
creating..............................................................148
browsing
accessing web interface ................................. 63
C
Central site
configuring .......................................................342
installing ............................................................340
reporting
full reports ........................................ 360, 378
workspace reports347, 349, 353, 354, 359
391
Community String
Credentials overview .................................... 103
Console interface.....................................................55
Context Code
examples........................................................... 177
using Active Script Monitor context object
....................................................................... 174
Copyright................................................................. 389
Credentials
overview............................................................ 103
D
Data Collection
using Performance Monitors...................... 215
database
backing up and restoring...............................30
performance tool ..............................................31
table maintenance tool...................................32
Dependencies
about.................................................................. 117
setting dependencies................................... 119
viewing dependencies................................. 123
Device Discovery
about.................................................................. 237
using......................................................................44
using the wizard................................................43
Device Groups
group access rights ............................76, 77, 78
organizing ........................................................ 105
users' home groups..........................................78
Device Properties
about..............................................................96, 97
Device Types
changing........................................................... 100
configuring..........................................................99
Device View
about.....................................................................82
organizing ...........................................................57
Devices
about.....................................................................81
adding............................................................48, 94
adding additional network interfaces........94
adding attributes ..............................................96
adding notes.......................................................96
adding with Device Discovery wizard........43
assign action.................................................... 147
assign actions.................................................. 161
changing device IP address...........................97
changing device name....................................97
changing device type ................................... 100
configuring groups........................................ 105
creating ................................................................99
discovering..........................................................43
Discovery.........................................................1, 43, 44
active................................53, 237, 238, 240, 241
Distributed Edition
about ..................................................................337
configuring
central..........................................................342
remote .........................................................346
installing ............................................................338
central..........................................................340
remote .........................................................343
Drag and drop
organizing devices ........................................... 57
Dynamic Groups
examples ...........................................................109
using ...................................................................107
E
Exchange Monitor
configuring .......................................................188
monitoring........................................................187
Expression Editor
about ..................................................................165
G
Grid Properties
using ...................................................................247
H
Hosts File Import scan............................................ 44
I
Importing
Hosts file .............................................................. 44
using the Trap Definition Import Tool.....312
installing
Multi-Site Edition ............................................338
central..........................................................340
remote .........................................................343
392
interface
adding additional to a device .......................94
IP address
changing..............................................................97
IP Range Scan............................................................44
IPX devices
adding support for ........................................ 123
M
MAC Address Tool ................................................ 323
Maintenance mode
using maintenance mode ........................... 116
Map View
about.................................................................. 244
annotating...........................................................60
arranging .......................................................... 246
grouping objects............................................ 248
Links
about connecting.................................... 251
about unconnected................................ 251
creating connected link lines .............. 252
showing unconnected .......................... 251
using link lines.............................................61
organizing.........................................................248
using attached lines......................................... 62
using device layout........................................247
using device types..........................................247
using grid properties.....................................247
using map display options ..........................245
using Map View...............................................243
using the lock position .................................248
viewing dependencies..................................123
Mapping ......................................................... 243, 245
menus
creating custom context..............................103
message
WhatsUp Gold engine service....................369
MIBs
about ..................................................................304
MIB.......................................................................319
using SNMP MIB File Explorer.....................322
Microsoft Exchange
parameters........................................................189
services...............................................................190
Monitors
Active..................................................................157
assigning Actions............................................161
assigning Active Monitors ...........................160
deleting..............................................................163
Passive................................................................205
Performance.....................................................213
MSP Edition
about ..................................................................337
configuring
central..........................................................342
remote .........................................................346
installing ............................................................338
central..........................................................340
remote .........................................................343
393
N
network interface
adding to a device ............................................94
Network Neighborhood ........................................44
network tools
SNMP MIB File Explorer................................ 322
SNMP MIB Walker........................................... 319
Telnet ................................................................. 319
using to view real-time data....................... 231
Web Performance Monitor ......................... 232
Web Task Manager ........................................ 231
Notes
about.....................................................................90
adding to a device ............................................96
O
objects
about SNMP names and identifiers ......... 305
online help ................................................................... 8
P
Pager
configuring actions ....................................... 132
Passive Monitors
about.................................................................. 205
about Device Properties .................................86
assigning an action........................................ 161
configuring....................................................... 206
configuring listeners ..................................... 207
using Passive Monitor Library.................... 209
Performance Monitor
about.................................................................. 213
about Device Properties .................................84
about reports................................................... 223
adding custom Performance Monitors to
library .......................................................... 218
configuring/enabling ................................... 215
Performance Monitor Library..................... 214
permissions
group access rights .............. 74, 76, 77, 78, 79
user rights............................................................72
Polling
about.................................................................. 115
about Device Properties .................................89
changing polling method ........................... 115
setting polling frequency............................ 116
starting and stopping polling per-monitor
....................................................................... 117
starting and stopping service .................... 116
Program Actions
about actions................................................... 125
creating ............................................................. 142
Program Options
changing Clock/Regional preferences ....256
configuring Passive Monitor Listeners ....207
setting date and time format .....................253
setting Device States colors and icons....255
setting Web Server options........................... 33
R
real-time data .........................................................229
in Full Reports ..................................................234
InstantInfo popups.........................................230
Split Second Graphs ......................................233
Regular Expression syntax..................................170
remote desktop
connecting........................................................369
Remote site
configuring .......................................................346
installing ............................................................343
reporting
full reports ........................................ 360, 378
workspace reports347, 349, 353, 354, 359
Reports
Central and Remote site reports..... 275, 347,
349, 353, 354
full reports ........................................ 360, 378
workspace reports347, 349, 353, 354, 359
394
configuring Recurring Reports .................. 267
recurring............................................................ 268
setting Report Data storage time ............. 254
restoring
database...............................................................30
rights
group access........................... 74, 76, 77, 78, 79
user ........................................................................72
Rules and Scripts
about Script Syntax ....................................... 165
Script Syntax keywords... 166, 167, 168, 170,
172
using Expression Editor................................ 165
S
Schedule
blackout period .............................................. 148
maintenance.................................................... 116
Scripts
about Script Syntax ....................................... 165
example disconnect string ......................... 170
example text string ....................................... 172
Script Syntax keywords... 166, 167, 168, 170,
172
using Active Script Monitor context object
....................................................................... 174
using Expression Editor................................ 165
using Telnet to determine .......................... 173
Security
about SNMP ..................................................... 312
web ........................................................................34
Server
starting and stopping polling.......................33
starting and stopping polling per-monitor
....................................................................... 117
starting and stopping the web server........33
Services
Exchange Server............................................. 190
monitoring for SNMP.................................... 304
SQL Server ........................................................ 194
SNMP
about.................................................................. 303
about operations............................................ 308
about security ................................................. 312
about the Agent or Manager ..................... 304
API 381
ComResult ................................................. 384
ComSnmpResponse............................... 384
example scripts ........................................ 385
SnmpRqst................................................... 384
Credentials overview.....................................103
enabling on Windows devices ...................218
MIB.......................................................................319
monitoring service .........................................304
Object Names and Identifiers.....................305
receiving SNMP Traps ...................................210
SNMP Management Information Base ....304
using SNMP MIB File Explorer.....................322
using the Trap Definition Import Tool.....312
SNMP SmartScan ..................................................... 44
Split Second Graphs
in the Web Performance Monitor .............232
in the Web Task Manager ............................231
SSG workspace reports.................................233
SQL
about SQL Server monitor...........................191
configuring a monitor...................................192
server parameters...........................................194
Syslog
creating an action...........................................140
T
table maintenance.................................................. 32
task tray icon............................................................. 18
Telnet
using Telnet to determine...........................173
testing
Actions ...............................................................147
Active Discovery tasks...................................241
Text
example text string ........................................172
Traps
receiving SNMP Traps ...................................210
using the Trap Definition Import Tool.....312
Troubleshooting
network..............................................................367
U
Upgrading
activating............................................................. 18
backing up and restoring............................... 30
User accounts
about .................................................................... 69
configuring ......................................................... 70
permissions......................................................... 72
W
Web interface
accessing ............................................................. 63
Web Performance Monitor
about ..................................................................232
using ...................................................................325
395
Web Server
about WhatsUp Gold web security .............34
starting and stopping the web server........33
Web Task Manager
using................................................................... 328
WMI
monitoring WMI-enabled applications .. 196
Workspace............................................................... 283
396
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