An earthquake is a sudden, rapid shaking of the earth caused by the
An earthquake is a sudden, rapid shaking of the earth caused by the breaking and shifting of rock beneath the earth’s surface. Earthquakes strike suddenly, without warning, and they can occur at any time of the year, day or night. Most earthquake-related deaths are caused by the collapse of structures and the construction practices play a tremendous role in the death toll of an earthquake. In the Philippines, noted earthquake happening was on October 15, 2013 which caused many destruction especially in Bohol, Central Visayas. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), there were 8 missing and 976 people injured in the said incident. In a fire drill, the building should be evacuated while the alarm, signaled by three (3) short sounds followed by a long sound, is ongoing. In an earthquake drill, the siren/bell alarm is continuous for one (1) minute. While the alarm is ongoing, the occupants of the building are to execute the proper response and evacuate after the alarm stops. There are four (4) stages of an earthquake drill: first, planning/organizing the earthquake drill which involves the creation of teams with specific tasks such as fire and safety team, first aid team and evacuation team. It also involves evaluating the office/building, ground area, and access and exit points.; Second, developing the earthquake evaluation plan. Safe areas are under a sturdy tables and strong supported doorway while unsafe areas are glass windows and furniture that may topple during the shaking must be avoided; third, orientation prior to the conduct of an earthquake drill. People must be prepared before the conduct of an earthquake drill and that they should know what to expect during a strong earthquake; and Fourth, the actual conduct of an earthquake drill. Natural calamities such as earthquake is a disaster waiting to happen at any time and any place. One must be prepared at all cost. All must be alarm, should response, evacuate, assemble and of course, head count.
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