lesson 6 Devices that Output Hard Copy This lesson includes the following sections: • Overview of Printers • Dot Matrix Printers • Ink Jet Printers • Laser Printers • Snapshot Printers • Other High-Quality Printers Overview of Printers • Categorizing Printers • Evaluating Printers Overview of Printers - Categorizing Printers Printers fall into two categories: • Impact printers use a device to strike an inked ribbon, pressing ink from the ribbon onto the paper. • Non-impact printers use different methods to place ink (or another substance) on the page. Overview of Printers - Evaluating Printers When evaluating printers, consider four criteria: • Image quality – Measured in dots per inch (dpi). Most printers produce 300 – 600 dpi. • Speed – Measured in pages per minute (ppm) or characters per second (cps). • Initial cost – Consumer printers cost $250 or less, but professional printers can cost thousands of dollars. • Cost of operation – This refers to the cost of supplies used by the printer. Dot Matrix Printers • How Do Dot Matrix Printers Work? • Performance Dot Matrix Printers How Do Dot Matrix Printers Work? • Dot matrix printers are a common type of impact printer. • A dot matrix printer's print head contains a cluster of pins. The printer can push the pins out to form patterns in rapid sequence. • The pins press an inked ribbon against the paper, creating an image. Dot Matrix Printers - Performance • Lower-resolution dot matrix printers use nine pins. Higher-resolution models have 24 pins. • Speed is measured in characters per second (cps). Some dot matrix printers print 500 cps. Ink Jet Printers • How Do Ink Jet Printers Work? • Performance Ink Jet Printers – How Do Ink Jet Printers Work? • Ink jet printers are an example of non-impact printers. • The printer sprays tiny droplets of ink onto the paper. • Ink jet printers are available for color and black-andwhite printing. Ink Jet Printers - Performance • Ink jet printers offer speeds of (2 – 4 pages per minute ppm) and resolution (300 – 600 dots per inch dpi), comparable to low-end laser printers. • Ink jet printers are inexpensive and have low operating costs. Laser Printers • How Do Laser Printers Work? • Performance Laser Printers – How Do Laser Printers Work? • Laser printers are non-impact printers. • They use heat and pressure to bond particles of toner to paper. • Laser printers are available for color and black-andwhite printing. Laser Printers - Performance • Laser printers provide resolutions from 300 – 1200 dpi and higher. • Black-and-white laser printers usually produce 4 – 16 ppm. • Laser printers produce higher-quality print than ink jet printers, but are more expensive. Snapshot Printers • Snapshot printers are specialized, small-format printers that print digital photographs. • Snapshot printers are fairly slow, and can be more expensive to operate Snapshot printers are popular among digital camera users Other High-Quality Printers Print shops and publishers use these printers to create high-quality color images: • Thermal-wax • Dye-sublimation • Fiery • IRIS • Plotters Plotters use mechanical, ink jet, or thermal technology to create large-format images for architectural or engineering uses. lesson 6 Review • List the three most commonly used types of printers. • List the four criteria you should consider when evaluating printers. • Describe how a dot matrix printer creates an image on a page. • Explain the process by which a laser printer operates. • List five types of high-quality printing devices commonly used in business.