IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and

IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and
IBC-Code, 2004 International code for
the construction and equipment of
ships carrying dangerous chemicals
in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
Versie 2, 10-06-2009
Dit document is gepubliceerd door NSI op het publicatie platform voor uitvoering (PUC).
Dit document is niet de authentieke bron. Meer info op http://puc.overheid.nl.
Publicatiedatum document: 25-04-2017
Geldend vanaf: 01-01-2009
Inhoudsopgave
Preamble. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Chapter 01 General. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.1 Application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.2 Hazards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.3 Definitions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
1.4 Equivalents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
1.5 Surveys and certification. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
1.5.1 Survey procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
1.5.2 Survey requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
1.5.3 Maintenance of conditions after survey. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
1.5.4 Issue or endorsement of International Certificate of Fitness. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
1.5.5 Issue or endorsement of International Certificate of Fitness by another
Government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
1.5.6 Duration and validity of International Certificate of Fitness. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Chapter 02 Ship survival capability and location of cargo tanks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2.1 General. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2.2 Freeboard and intact stability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2.3 Shipside discharges below the freeboard deck. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
2.4 Conditions of loading. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
2.5 Damage assumptions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
2.6 Location of cargo tanks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
2.7 Flooding assumptions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
2.8 Standard of damage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
2.9 Survival requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Chapter 03 Ship arrangements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
3.1 Cargo segregation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
3.2 Accommodation, service and machinery spaces and control stations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
3.3 Cargo pump-rooms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
3.4 Access to spaces in the cargo area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
3.5 Bilge and ballast arrangements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
3.6 Pump and pipeline identification. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
3.7 Bow or stern loading and unloading arrangements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Chapter 04 Cargo containment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
4.1 Definitions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
4.2 Tank type requirements for individual products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Chapter 05 Cargo transfer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
5.1 Piping scantlings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
5.2 Piping fabrication and joining details. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Pagina 2 van 120
IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
5.3 Flange connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
5.3 Test requirements for piping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
5.5 Piping arrangements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
5.6 Cargo-transfer control systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
5.7 Ship¿s cargo hoses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Chapter 06 Materials of construction, protective linings and coatings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Chapter 07 Cargo temperature control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
7.1 General. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
7.2 Additional requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Chapter 08 Cargo tank venting and gas-freeing arrangements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
8.1 Application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
8.2 Cargo tank venting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
8.3 Types of tank venting systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
8.4 Venting requirements for individual products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
8.5 Cargo tank gas-freeing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Chapter 09 Environmental control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Chapter 10 Electrical installations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Chapter 11 Fire protection and fire extinction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
11.1 Application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
11.2 Cargo pump-rooms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
11.3 Cargo area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
11.4 Special requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Chapter 12 Mechanical ventilation in the cargo area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
12.1 Spaces normally entered during cargo-handling operations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
12.2 Pump-rooms and other enclosed spaces normally entered. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
12.3 Spaces not normally entered. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Chapter 13 Instrumentation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
13.1 Gauging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
13.2 Vapour detection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Chapter 14 Personnel protection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
14.1 Protective equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
14.2 Safety equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
14.3 Emergency equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Chapter 15 Special requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
15.01 General. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
15.02 Ammonium nitrate solution (93% or less). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
15.03 Carbon disulphide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
15.04 Diethyl ether. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
15.05 Hydrogen peroxide solutions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
15.5.1 Hydrogen peroxide solutions over 60% but not over 70% by mass. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
Pagina 3 van 120
15.5.2 Hydrogen peroxide solutions over 8% but not over 60% by mass. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
15.5.3 Procedures for inspection, cleaning, passivation and loading of tanks for the carriage
of hydrogen peroxide solutions 8-60%, which have contained other cargoes, or for the
carriage of other cargoes after the carriage of hydrogen peroxide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
15.06 Motor fuel anti-knock compounds (containing lead alkyls). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
15.07 Phosphorus, yellow or white. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
15.08 Propylene oxide or ethylene oxide/propylene oxide mixtures with an ethylene oxide
content of not more than 30% by mass. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
15.09 Sodium chlorate solution (50% or less by mass). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
15.10 Sulphur (molten). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
15.11 Acids. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
15.12 Toxic products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
15.13 Cargoes protected by additives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
15.14 Cargoes with a vapour pressure greater than 0.1013 MPa absolute at 37.8°C. . . . . . . . . . . . 57
15.15 Cargoes with low ignition temperature and wide flammability range. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
15.16 Cargo contamination. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
15.17 Increased ventilation requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
15.18 Special cargo pump-room requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
15.19 Overflow control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
15.20 Alkyl (C7-C9) nitrates, all isomers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
15.21 Temperature sensors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Chapter 16 Operational requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
16.1 Maximum allowable quantity of cargo per tank. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
16.2 Cargo information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
16.3 Personnel training. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
16.4 Opening of and entry into cargo tanks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
16.5 Stowage of cargo samples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
16.6 Cargoes not to be exposed to excessive heat. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Chapter 20 Transport of liquid chemical wastes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
20.1 Preamble. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
20.2 Definitions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
20.3 Applicability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
20.4 Permitted shipments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
20.5 Documentation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
20.6 Classification of liquid chemical wastes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
20.7 Carriage and handling of liquid chemical wastes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Chapter 21 Criteria for assigning carriage requirements for products subject to the IBC Code. . . . . . 65
21.01 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
21.02 Contents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Pagina 4 van 120
IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
21.03 Minimum safety and pollution criteria for products subject to chapter 17 of the IBC
Code. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
21.04 Criteria used to assign the minimum carriage requirements for products, which meet
the minimum safety or pollution criteria to make them subject to chapter 17 of the IBC
Code. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
21.4.01 Column a - Product Name. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
21.4.02 Column b - Deleted.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
21.4.03 Column c - Pollution Category. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
21.4.04 Column d - Hazards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
21.4.05 Column e - Ship Type. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
21.4.06 Column f - Tank type. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
21.4.07 Column g - Tank vents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
21.4.08 Column h - Tank environmental control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
21.4.09 Column i - Electrical equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
21.4.10 Column j - Gauging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
21.4.11 Column k - Vapour detection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
21.4.12 Column l - Fire protection equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
21.4.13 Column m . Deleted.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
21.4.14 Column n - Emergency Equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
21.05 Criteria for special requirements in chapter 15 to be included in column o. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
21.5.01. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
21.5.02. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
21.5.03 Paragraphs 15.2 to 15.10 and 15.20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
21.5.04 Paragraph 15.11 - Acids. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
21.5.05 Paragraph 15.12 - Toxic products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
21.5.06 Paragraph 15.13 - Cargoes protected by additives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
21.5.07 Paragraph 15.14 - Cargoes with a vapour pressure greater than atmospheric at
37.8°C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
21.5.08 Paragraph 15.16 - Cargo contamination. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
21.5.09 Paragraph 15.17 - Increased ventilation requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
21.5.10 Paragraph 15.18 - Special cargo pump-room requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
21.5.11 Paragraph 15.19 - Overflow control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
21.5.12 Paragraph 15.21 . Temperature sensors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
21.06 Criteria for special requirements in chapter 16 to be included in column o. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
21.07 Definitions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
21.7.01 Acute mammalian toxicity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
21.7.02 Toxic to mammals by prolonged exposure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
21.7.03 Skin sensitization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
21.7.04 Respiratory sensitization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
21.7.05 Corrosive to skin*. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
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21.7.06 Water reactive substances. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
21.7.07 Air reactive substances. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
21.7.08 Electrical apparatus - Temperature Class. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
21.7.09 Electrical apparatus - Apparatus group. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
21.7.10 Special carriage control conditions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
21.7.11 Flammable cargoes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Chapter 17 Summary of minimum requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Chapter 18 List of products to which the Code does not apply. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Chapter 19 Index of Products Carried in Bulk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Chapter 19 The Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Appendix Model form of international certificate of fitness for the carriage of dangerous chemicals
in bulk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Attachment 1 To the International certificate of fitness for the carriage of dangerous chemicals in
bulk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Attachment 2 To the International certificate of fitness for the carriage of dangerous chemicals in
bulk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
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Preamble
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1 The purpose of this Code is to provide an international standard for the safe carriage, in bulk by sea, of
dangerous chemicals and noxious liquid substances listed in chapter 17 of the Code. The Code prescribes
the design and construction standards of ships, regardless of tonnage, involved in such carriage and the
equipment they shall carry to minimize the risk to the ship, its crew and the environment, having regard to
the nature of the products involved.
2 The basic philosophy of the Code is to assign, to each chemical tanker, one of the ship types according to
the degree of the hazards of the products carried by such ships. Each of the products may have one or more
hazardous properties, including flammability, toxicity, corrosivity and reactivity, as well as the hazard they
may present to the environment.
3 Throughout the development of the Code it was recognized that it must be based upon sound naval
architectural and engineering principles and the best understanding available as to the hazards of
the various products covered. Furthermore, chemical tanker design technology is not only a complex
technology, but is rapidly evolving and therefore the Code should not remain static. Thus, the Organization
will periodically review the Code, taking into account both experience and technical developments.
4 Amendments to the Code involving requirements for new products and their conditions of carriage will
be circulated as recommendations, on an interim basis, when adopted by the Maritime Safety Committee
(MSC) and the Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) of the Organization, in accordance with
the provisions of article VIII of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 (SOLAS 74),
and article 16 of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified
by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78), respectively, pending the entry into force of these
amendments.
5 The Code primarily deals with ship design and equipment. In order to ensure the safe transport of the
products, the total system must, however, be appraised. Other important facets of the safe transport of the
products, such as training, operation, traffic control and handling in port, are being, or will be, examined
further by the Organization.
6 The development of the Code has been greatly assisted by a number of organizations in consultative
status such as the Association of Classification Societies (IACS) and the International Electrotechnical
Commission (IEC).
7 Chapter 16 of the Code, dealing with operational requirements of chemical tankers, highlights the
regulations in other chapters that are operational in nature and mentions those other important safety
features that are peculiar to chemical tanker operation.
8 The layout of the Code is in line with the International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships
Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk (IGC Code), adopted by the Maritime Safety Committee at its forty-eighth
session. Gas carriers may also carry in bulk liquid chemicals covered by this Code, as prescribed in the IGC
Code.
9 The 1998 edition of the Code was based on the original text as adopted by MSC resolution MSC.4(48).
In response to resolution 15 of the International Conference on Marine Pollution, 1973, the MEPC, at
its twenty-second session, adopted, by resolution MEPC.19(22), the IBC Code extended to cover marine
pollution prevention aspects for the implementation of Annex II to MARPOL 73/78.
10 This edition of the Code includes amendments adopted by the following resolutions:
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11 As from the date of entry into force of the 1983 amendments to SOLAS 74 (i.e. 1 July 1986) and the date
of implementation of Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 (i.e. 6 April 1987), this Code became subject to mandatory
requirements under these Conventions. Amendments to the Code, whether from the point of view of
safety or of marine pollution, must therefore be adopted and brought into force in accordance with the
procedures laid down in article VIII of SOLAS 74 and article 16 of MARPOL 73/78 respectively.
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Chapter 01 General
1.1 Application
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1.1.1 The Code applies to ships regardless of size, including those of less than 500 gross tonnage, engaged
in the carriage of bulk cargoes of dangerous chemicals or noxious liquid substances (NLS), other than
petroleum or similar flammable products as follows:
1. products having significant fire hazards in excess of those of petroleum products and similar
flammable products;
2. products having significant hazards in addition to or other than flammability.
1.1.2 Products that have been reviewed and determined not to present safety and pollution hazards to such
an extent as to warrant the application of the Code are found in chapter 18.
1.1.3 Liquids covered by the Code are those having a vapour pressure not exceeding 0.28 MPa absolute at a
temperature of 37.8°C.
1.1.4 For the purpose of the 1974 SOLAS Convention, the Code applies to ships which are engaged in the
carriage of products included in chapter 17 on the basis of their safety characteristics and identified as such
by an entry of S or S/P in column d.
1.1.5 For the purposes of MARPOL 73/78, the Code applies only to NLS tankers, as defined in regulation
1.16.2 of Annex II thereof, which are engaged in the carriage of Noxious Liquid Substances identified as
such by an entry of X, Y or Z in column c of chapter 17.
1.1.6 For a product proposed for carriage in bulk, but not listed in chapters 17 or 18, the Administration
and port Administrations involved in such carriage shall prescribe the preliminary suitable conditions for
the carriage, having regard to the criteria for hazard evaluation of bulk chemicals. For the evaluation of
the pollution hazard of such a product and assignment of its pollution category, the procedure specified
in regulation 6.3 of Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 must be followed. The Organization shall be notified of the
conditions for consideration for inclusion of the product in the Code.
1.1.7 Unless expressly provided otherwise, the Code applies to ships, the keels of which are laid or which
are at the stage where:
1. construction identifiable with the ship begins; and
2. assembly has commenced comprising at least 50 tonnes or 1% of the estimated mass of all structural
material, whichever is less;
on or after 1 July 1986.
1.1.8 A ship, irrespective of the date of construction, which is converted to a chemical tanker on or after
1 July 1986 shall be treated as a chemical tanker constructed on the date on which such conversion
commences. This conversion provision does not apply to the modification of a ship referred to in regulation
1.14 of Annex II of MARPOL 73/78.
1.1.9 Where reference is made in the Code to a paragraph, all the provisions of the subparagraphs of that
designation shall apply.
1.2 Hazards
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
Hazards of products covered by the Code include:
1.2.1 Fire hazard, defined by flashpoint, explosive/flammability limits/range and autoignition temperature
of the chemical.
1.2.2 Health hazard, defined by:
1. corrosive effects on the skin in the liquid state; or
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2. acute toxic effect, taking into account values of: LD50 (oral): a dose, which is lethal to 50% of the test
subjects when administered orally; LD50 (dermal): a dose, which is lethal to 50% of the test subjects
when administered to the skin; LC50 (inhalation): the concentration which is lethal by inhalation to
50% of the test subjects; or
3. .3 Other health effects such as carcinogenicity and sensitization.
1.2.3 Reactivity hazard, defined by reactivity:
1. with water;
2. with air;
3. with other products; or
4. of the product itself (e.g. polymerization).
1.2.4 Marine pollution hazard, as defined by:
1. bioaccumulation;
2. lack of ready biodegradibility;
3. acute toxicity to aquatic organisms;
4. chronic toxicity to aquatic organisms;
5. long term human health effects; and
6. physical properties resulting in the product floating or sinking and so adversely affecting marine life.
1.3 Definitions
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
The following definitions apply unless expressly provided otherwise. (Additional definitions are given in
individual chapters).
1.3.1 Accommodation spaces are those spaces used for public spaces, corridors, lavatories, cabins, offices,
hospitals, cinemas, games and hobbies rooms, barber shops, pantries containing no cooking appliances
and similar spaces. Public spaces are those portions of the accommodation spaces which are used for halls,
dining rooms, lounges and similar permanently enclosed spaces.
1.3.2 Administration means the Government of the State whose flag the ship is entitled to fly. For
Administration (Port) see Port Administration.
1.3.3 Anniversary date means the day and the month of each year, which will correspond to the date of
expiry of the International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk.
1.3.4 Boiling point is the temperature at which a product exhibits a vapour pressure equal to the
atmospheric pressure.
1.3.5 Breadth (B) means the maximum breadth of the ship, measured amidships to the moulded line of
the frame in a ship with a metal shell and to the outer surface of the hull in a ship with a shell of any other
material. The breadth (B) shall be measured in metres.
1.3.6 Cargo area is that part of the ship that contains cargo tanks, slop tanks, cargo pump-rooms including
pump-rooms, cofferdams, ballast or void spaces adjacent to cargo tanks or slop tanks and also deck areas
throughout the entire length and breadth of the part of the ship over the above-mentioned spaces. Where
independent tanks are installed in hold spaces, cofferdams, ballast or void spaces at the after end of the
aftermost hold space or at the forward end of the forward-most hold space are excluded from the cargo
area.
1.3.7 Cargo pump-room is a space containing pumps and their accessories for the handling of the products
covered by the Code.
1.3.8 Cargo service spaces are spaces within the cargo area used for workshops, lockers and store-rooms of
more than 2 m2 in area, used for cargo-handling equipment.
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1.3.9 Cargo tank is the envelope designed to contain the cargo.
1.3.10 Chemical tanker is a cargo ship constructed or adapted and used for the carriage in bulk of any liquid
product listed in chapter 17.
1.3.11 Cofferdam is the isolating space between two adjacent steel bulkheads or decks. This space may be a
void space or a ballast space.
1.3.12 Control stations are those spaces in which ship’s radio or main navigating equipment or the
emergency source of power is located or where the fire-recording or fire-control equipment is centralized.
This does not include special fire-control equipment which can be most practically located in the cargo
area.
1.3.13 Dangerous chemicals means any liquid chemicals designated as presenting a safety hazard, based on
the safety criteria for assigning products to chapter 17.
1.3.14 Density is the ratio of the mass to the volume of a product, expressed in terms of kilograms per cubic
metre. This applies to liquids, gases and vapours.
1.3.15 Explosive/flammability limits/range are the conditions defining the state of fuel-oxidant mixture
at which application of an adequately strong external ignition source is only just capable of producing
flammability in a given test apparatus.
1.3.16 Flashpoint is the temperature in degrees Celsius at which a product will give off enough flammable
vapour to be ignited. Values given in the Code are those for a "closed-cup test" determined by an approved
flashpoint apparatus.
1.3.17 Hold space is the space enclosed by the ship’s structure in which an independent cargo tank is
situated.
1.3.18 Independent means that a piping or venting system, for example, is in no way connected to another
system and that there are no provisions available for the potential connection to other systems.
1.3.19 Length (L) means 96% of the total length on a waterline at 85% of the least moulded depth
measured from the top of the keel, or the length from the foreside of the stem to the axis of the rudder
stock on that waterline, if that be greater. In ships designed with a rake of keel, the waterline on which this
length is measured shall be parallel to the designed waterline. The length (L) shall be measured in metres.
1.3.20 Machinery spaces of category A are those spaces and trunks to such spaces which contain:
1. internal-combustion machinery used for main propulsion; or
2. internal-combustion machinery used for purposes other than main propulsion where such machinery
has in the aggregate a total power output of not less than 375 kW; or
3. any oil-fired boiler or oil fuel unit or any oil fired equipment other than boilers, such as inert gas
generators, incinerators etc.
1.3.21 Machinery spaces are all machinery spaces of category A and all other spaces containing propelling
machinery, boilers, oil fuel units, steam and internal-combustion engines, generators and major electrical
machinery, oil filling station, refrigerating, stabilizing, ventilation and airconditioning machinery, and similar
spaces, and trunks to such spaces.
1.3.22 MARPOL means the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as
modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto, as amended.
1.3.23 Noxious Liquid Substance means any substance indicated in the Pollution Category column of
chapters 17 or 18 of the International Bulk Chemical Code, or the current MEPC.2/Circular or provisionally
assessed under the provisions of regulation 6.3 of MARPOL Annex II as falling into categories X, Y or Z.
1.3.24 Oil fuel unit is the equipment used for the preparation of oil fuel for delivery to an oil-fired boiler,
or equipment used for the preparation for delivery of heated oil to an internal-combustion engine, and
includes any oil pressure pumps, filters and heaters dealing with oil at a gauge pressure of more than 0.18
MPa.
1.3.25 Organization is the International Maritime Organization (IMO).
1.3.26 Permeability of a space means the ratio of the volume within that space which is assumed to be
occupied by water to the total volume of that space.
1.3.27 Port administration means the appropriate authority of the country in the port of which the ship is
loading or unloading.
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1.3.28 Products is the collective term used to cover both Noxious Liquid Substances and Dangerous
Chemicals.
1.3.29 Pump-room is a space, located in the cargo area, containing pumps and their accessories for the
handling of ballast and oil fuel.
1.3.30 Recognized standards are applicable international or national standards acceptable to the
Administration or standards laid down and maintained by an organization which complies with the
standards adopted by the Organization and which is recognized by the Administration.
1.3.31 Reference temperature is the temperature at which the vapour pressure of the cargo corresponds to
the set pressure of the pressure-relief valve.
1.3.32 Separate means that a cargo piping system or cargo vent system, for example, is not connected to
another cargo piping or cargo vent system.
1.3.33 Service spaces are those spaces used for galleys, pantries containing cooking appliances, lockers,
mail and specie rooms, store-rooms, workshops other than those forming part of the machinery spaces
and similar spaces and trunks to such spaces.
1.3.34 SOLAS means the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended.
1.3.35 Vapour pressure is the equilibrium pressure of the saturated vapour above a liquid expressed in
Pascals (Pa) at a specified temperature.
1.3.36 Void space is an enclosed space in the cargo area external to a cargo tank, other than a hold space,
ballast space, oil fuel tank, cargo pump-room, pump-room, or any space in normal use by personnel.
1.4 Equivalents
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
1.4.1 Where the Code requires that a particular fitting, material, appliance, apparatus, item of equipment
or type thereof shall be fitted or carried in a ship, or that any particular provision shall be made, or any
procedure or arrangement shall be complied with, the Administration may allow any other fitting, material,
appliance, apparatus, item of equipment or type thereof to be fitted or carried, or any other provision,
procedure or arrangement to be made in that ship, if it is satisfied by trial thereof or otherwise that such
fitting, material, appliance, apparatus, item of equipment or type thereof or that any particular provision,
procedure or arrangement is at least as effective as that required by the Code. However, the Administration
may not allow operational methods or procedures to be made an alternative to a particular fitting, material,
appliance, apparatus, item of equipment, or type thereof, which are prescribed by the Code, unless such
substitution is specifically allowed by the Code.
1.4.2 When the Administration allows any fitting, material, appliance, apparatus, item of equipment, or
type thereof, or provision, procedure, or arrangement, or novel design or application to be substituted,
it shall communicate to the Organization the particulars thereof, together with a report on the evidence
submitted, so that the Organization may circulate the same to other Contracting Governments to SOLAS
and Parties to MARPOL for the information of their officers.
1.5 Surveys and certification
1.5.1 Survey procedure
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1.5.1.1 The survey of ships, so far as regards the enforcement of the provisions of the regulations and
granting of exemptions therefrom, shall be carried out by officers of the Administration. The Administration
may, however, entrust the surveys either to surveyors nominated for the purpose or to organizations
recognized by it.
1.5.1.2 The recognized organization, referred to in regulation 8.2.1 of MARPOL Annex II shall comply
with the guidelines adopted by the Organization by resolution A.739(18), as may be amended by the
Organization, and the specification adopted by the Organization by resolution A.789(19), as may be
amended by the Organization, provided that such amendments are adopted, brought into force and take
effect in accordance with the provisions of article 16 of MARPOL and article VIII of SOLAS concerning the
amendment procedures applicable to this Code.
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IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
1.5.1.3 The Administration nominating surveyors or recognizing organizations to conduct surveys shall, as a
minimum, empower any nominated surveyor or recognized organization to:
1. require repairs to a ship; and
2. carry out surveys if requested by the appropriate authorities of a port State.
The Administration shall notify the Organization of the specific responsibilities and conditions of the
authority delegated to nominated surveyors or recognized organizations for circulation to the Contracting
Governments.
1.5.1.4 When a nominated surveyor or recognized organization determines that the condition of a ship
or its equipment does not correspond substantially with the particulars of the International Certificate
of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk, or is such that the ship is not fit to proceed
to sea without danger to the ship, or persons on board, or without presenting unreasonable threat of
harm to the marine environment, such surveyor or organization shall immediately ensure that corrective
action is taken and shall, in due course, notify the Administration. If such corrective action is not taken the
Certificate shall be withdrawn and the Administration shall be notified immediately. If the ship is in a port
of another Contracting Government, the appropriate authorities of the port State shall also be notified
immediately. When an officer of the Administration, a nominated surveyor or a recognized organization
has notified the appropriate authorities of the port State, the Government of the port State concerned shall
give such officer, surveyor or organization any necessary assistance to carry out their obligations under
this paragraph. When applicable, the Government of the port State concerned shall take such steps as will
ensure that the ship does not sail until it can proceed to sea or leave the port for the purpose of proceeding
to the nearest appropriate repair yard available without danger to the ship or persons on board or without
presenting an unreasonable threat of harm to the marine environment.
1.5.1.5 In every case, the Administration shall guarantee the completeness and efficiency of the survey, and
shall undertake to ensure the necessary arrangements to satisfy this obligation.
1.5.2 Survey requirements
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1.5.2.1 The structure, equipment, fittings, arrangements and material (other than items in respect of which
a Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate, Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate and Cargo Ship Safety
Radio Certificate or Cargo Ship Safety Certificate are issued) of a chemical tanker shall be subjected to the
following surveys:
1. An initial survey before the ships is put in service or before the International Certificate of Fitness
for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk is issued for the first time, which shall include a
complete examination of its structure, equipment, fittings, arrangements and material in so far as
the ship is covered by the Code. This survey shall be such as to ensure that the structure, equipment,
fittings, arrangements and material fully comply with the applicable provisions of the Code.
2. A renewal survey at intervals specified by the Administration, but not exceeding 5 years, except
where 1.5.6.2.2, 1.5.6.5, 1.5.6.6 or 1.5.6.7 is applicable. The renewal survey shall be such as to
ensure that the structure, equipment, fittings, arrangements and material fully comply with the
applicable provisions of the Code.
3. An intermediate survey within 3 months before or after the second anniversary date or within 3
months before or after the third anniversary date of the Certificate, which shall take the place of one
of the annual surveys specified in 1.5.2.1.4. The intermediate survey shall be such as to ensure that
the safety equipment, and other equipment, and associate pump and piping systems fully comply
with the applicable provisions of the Code and are in good working order. Such intermediate surveys
shall be endorsed on the Certificate issued under 1.5.4 or 1.5.5.
4. An annual survey within 3 months before or after each anniversary date of the Certificate, including
a general inspection of the structure, equipment, fittings, arrangements and material referred to in
1.5.2.1.1 to ensure that they have been maintained in accordance with 1.5.3 and that they remain
satisfactory for the service for which the ship is intended. Such annual surveys shall be endorsed on
the Certificate issued under 1.5.4 or 1.5.5.
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dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
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5. An additional survey, either general or partial according to the circumstances, shall be made when
required after an investigation prescribed in 1.5.3.3, or whenever any important repairs or renewals
are made. Such a survey shall ensure that the necessary repairs or renewals have been effectively
made, that the material and workmanship of such repairs or renewals are satisfactory; and that the
ship is fit to proceed to sea without danger to the ship or persons on board or without presenting
unreasonable threat of harm to the marine environment.
1.5.3 Maintenance of conditions after survey
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1.5.3.1 The conditions of the ship and its equipment shall be maintained to conform with the provisions of
the Code to ensure that the ship will remain fit to proceed to sea without danger to the ship or persons on
board or without presenting an unreasonable threat of harm to the marine environment.
1.5.3.2 After any survey of the ship under 1.5.2 has been completed, no change shall be made in the
structure, equipment, fittings, arrangements and material covered by the survey, without the sanction of
the Administration, except by direct replacement.
1.5.3.3 Whenever an accident occurs to a ship or a defect is discovered, either of which affects the safety
of the ship or the efficiency or completeness of its life-saving appliances or other equipment covered by
the Code, the master or owner of the ship shall report at the earliest opportunity to the Administration,
the nominated surveyor or recognized organization responsible for issuing the Certificate, who shall cause
investigations to be initiated to determine whether a survey, as required by 1.5.2.1.5, is necessary. If the
ship is in a port of another Contracting Government, the master or owner shall also report immediately to
the appropriate authorities of the port State and the nominated surveyor or recognized organization shall
ascertain that such a report has been made.
1.5.4 Issue or endorsement of International Certificate of Fitness
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1.5.4.1 An International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk shall be
issued after an initial or renewal survey to a chemical tanker engaged in international voyages which
complies with the relevant provisions of the Code.
1.5.4.2 Such a Certificate shall be drawn up in the form corresponding to the model given in the appendix.
If the language used is not English, French or Spanish, the text shall include the translation into one of these
languages.
1.5.4.3 The Certificate issued under provisions of this section shall be available on board for examination at
all times.
1.5.5 Issue or endorsement of International Certificate of Fitness by another
Government
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1.5.5.1 A Government that is both a Contracting Government to the 1974 SOLAS Convention and a Party
to MARPOL 73/78 may, at the request of another such Government, cause a ship entitled to fly the flag of
the other State to be surveyed and, if satisfied that the provisions of the Code are complied with, issue or
authorize the issue of the International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in
Bulk to the ship, and, where appropriate, endorse or authorize the endorsement of the Certificate on board
the ship in accordance with the Code. Any Certificate so issued shall contain a statement to the effect that it
has been issued at the request of the Government of the State whose flag the ship is entitled to fly.
1.5.6 Duration and validity of International Certificate of Fitness
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1.5.6.1 An International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk shall be
issued for a period specified by the Administration which shall not exceed 5 years.
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IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
1.5.6.2.1 Notwithstanding the provisions of 1.5.6.1, when the renewal survey is completed within 3
months before the expiry date of the existing Certificate, the new Certificate shall be valid from the date
of completion of the renewal survey to a date not exceeding 5 years from the date of expiry of the existing
Certificate.
1.5.6.2.2 When the renewal survey is completed after the expiry date of the existing Certificate, the new
Certificate shall be valid from the date of completion of the renewal survey to a date not exceeding 5 years
from the date of expiry of the existing Certificate.
1.5.6.2.3 When the renewal survey is completed more than 3 months before the expiry date of the existing
Certificate, the new Certificate shall be valid from the date of completion of the renewal survey to a date
not exceeding 5 years from the date of completion of the renewal survey.
1.5.6.3 If a Certificate is issued for a period of less than 5 years, the Administration may extend the validity
of the Certificate beyond the expiry date to the maximum period specified in 1.5.6.1, provided that the
surveys referred to in 1.5.2.1.3 and 1.5.2.1.4, applicable when a Certificate is issued for a period of 5 years,
are carried out as appropriate.
1.5.6.4 If a renewal survey has been completed and a new Certificate cannot be issued or placed on board
the ship before the expiry date of the existing Certificate, the person or organization authorized by the
Administration may endorse the existing Certificate. Such a Certificate shall be accepted as valid for a
further period which shall not exceed 5 months from the expiry date.
1.5.6.5 If a ship, at the time when a Certificate expires, is not in a port in which it is to be surveyed, the
Administration may extend the period of validity of the Certificate but this extension shall be granted only
for the purpose of allowing the ship to complete its voyage to the port in which it is to be surveyed, and
then only in cases where it appears proper and reasonable to do so.
1.5.6.6 A Certificate, issued to a ship engaged on short voyages which has not been extended under the
foregoing provisions of this section, may be extended by the Administration for a period of grace of up to
one month from the date of expiry stated on it. When the renewal survey is completed, the new Certificate
shall be valid to a date not exceeding 5 years from the date of expiry of the existing Certificate before the
extension was granted.
1.5.6.7 In special circumstances, as determined by the Administration, a new Certificate need not be dated
from the date of expiry of the existing Certificate as required by 1.5.6.2.2, 1.5.6.5 or 1.5.6.6. In these
special circumstances, the new Certificate shall be valid to a date not exceeding 5 years from the date of
completion of the renewal survey.
1.5.6.8 If an annual or intermediate survey is completed before the period specified in 1.5.2, then:
1. the anniversary date shown on the Certificate shall be amended by endorsement to a date which
shall not be more than 3 months later than the date on which the survey was completed;
2. the subsequent annual or intermediate survey required by 1.5.2 shall be completed at the intervals
prescribed by that section using the new anniversary date; and
3. the expiry date may remain unchanged provided one or more annual or intermediate surveys, as
appropriate, are carried out so that the maximum intervals between the surveys prescribed by 1.5.2
are not exceeded.
1.5.6.9 A Certificate issued under 1.5.4 or 1.5.5 shall cease to be valid in any of the following cases:
1. if the relevant surveys are not completed within the periods specified under 1.5.2;
2. if the Certificate is not endorsed in accordance with 1.5.2.1.3 or 1.5.2.1.4;
3. upon transfer of the ship to the flag of another State. A new certificate shall only be issued when
the Government issuing the new Certificate is fully satisfied that the ship is in compliance with the
requirements of 1.5.3.1 and 1.5.3.2. In the case of a transfer between Governments that are both a
Contracting Government to the 1974 SOLAS Convention and a Party to MARPOL 73/78, if requested
within 3 months after the transfer has taken place, the Government of the State whose flag the
ship was formerly entitled to fly shall, as soon as possible, transmit to the Administration copies of
the Certificate carried by the ship before the transfer and, if available, copies of the relevant survey
reports.
IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
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Chapter 02 Ship survival capability and location of cargo tanks
2.1 General
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2.1.1 Ships, subject to the Code, shall survive the normal effects of flooding following assumed hull damage
caused by some external force. In addition, to safeguard the ship and the environment, the cargo tanks
of certain types of ships shall be protected from penetration in the case of minor damage to the ship
resulting, for example, from contact with a jetty or tug, and given a measure of protection from damage in
the case of collision or stranding, by locating them at specified minimum distances inboard from the ship’s
shell plating. Both the assumed damage and the proximity of the cargo tanks to the ship’s shell shall be
dependent upon the degree of hazard presented by the products to be carried.
2.1.2 Ships subject to the Code shall be designed to one of the following standards:
1. A type 1 ship is a chemical tanker intended to transport chapter 17 products with very severe
environmental and safety hazards which require maximum preventive measures to preclude an
escape of such cargo.
2. A type 2 ship is a chemical tanker intended to transport chapter 17 products with appreciably severe
environmental and safety hazards which require significant preventive measures to preclude an
escape of such cargo.
3. A type 3 ship is a chemical tanker intended to transport chapter 17 products with sufficiently severe
environmental and safety hazards which require a moderate degree of containment to increase
survival capability in a damaged condition.
Thus, a type 1 ship is a chemical tanker intended for the transportation of products considered to present
the greatest overall hazard and type 2 and type 3 for products of progressively lesser hazards. Accordingly,
a type 1 ship shall survive the most severe standard of damage and its cargo tanks shall be located at the
maximum prescribed distance inboard from the shell plating.
2.1.3 The ship type required for individual products is indicated in column e in the table of chapter 17.
2.1.4 If a ship is intended to carry more than one product listed in chapter 17, the standard of damage
shall correspond to that product having the most stringent ship type requirement. The requirements for
the location of individual cargo tanks, however, are those for ship types related to the respective products
intended to be carried.
2.2 Freeboard and intact stability
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2.2.1 Ships subject to the Code may be assigned the minimum freeboard permitted by the International
Convention on Load Lines in force. However, the draught associated with the assignment shall not be
greater than the maximum draught otherwise permitted by this Code.
2.2.2 The stability of the ship in all seagoing conditions shall be to a standard which is acceptable to the
Administration.
2.2.3 When calculating the effect of free surfaces of consumable liquids for loading conditions it shall
be assumed that, for each type of liquid, at least one transverse pair or a single centre tank has a free
surface and the tank or combination of tanks to be taken into account shall be those where the effect of
free surfaces is the greatest. The free surface effect in undamaged compartments shall be calculated by a
method acceptable to the Administration.
2.2.4 Solid ballast shall not normally be used in double-bottom spaces in the cargo area. Where, however,
because of stability considerations, the fitting of solid ballast in such spaces becomes unavoidable, then its
disposition shall be governed by the need to ensure that the impact loads resulting from bottom damage
are not directly transmitted to the cargo tank structure.
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IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
2.2.5 The master of the ship shall be supplied with a loading and stability information booklet. This booklet
shall contain details of typical service and ballast conditions, provisions for evaluating other conditions of
loading and a summary of the ship’s survival capabilities. In addition, the booklet shall contain sufficient
information to enable the master to load and operate the ship in a safe and seaworthy manner.
2.3 Shipside discharges below the freeboard deck
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2.3.1 The provision and control of valves fitted to discharges led through the shell from spaces below the
freeboard deck or from within the super-structures and deck-houses on the freeboard deck fitted with
weathertight doors shall comply with the requirements of the relevant regulation of the International
Convention on Load Lines in force, except that the choice of valves shall be limited to:
1. one automatic non-return valve with a positive means of closing from above the freeboard deck; or
2. where the vertical distance from the summer load waterline to the inboard end of the discharge pipe
exceeds 0.01L, two automatic non-return valves without positive means of closing, provided that the
inboard valve is always accessible for examination under service conditions.
2.3.2 For the purpose of this chapter, "summer load line" and "freeboard deck" have the meanings as
defined in the International Convention on Load Lines in force.
2.3.3 The automatic non-return valves referred to in 2.3.1.1 and 2.3.1.2 shall be fully effective in preventing
admission of water into the ship, taking into account the sinkage, trim and heel in survival requirements in
2.9, and shall comply with recognized standards.
2.4 Conditions of loading
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Damage survival capability shall be investigated on the basis of loading information submitted to the
Administration for all anticipated conditions of loading and variations in draught and trim. Ballast
conditions where the chemical tanker is not carrying products covered by the Code, or is carrying only
residues of such products, need not be considered.
2.5 Damage assumptions
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2.5.1 The assumed maximum extent of damage shall be:
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dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
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2.5.2 If any damage of a lesser extent than the maximum damage specified in 2.5.1 would result in a more
severe condition, such damage shall be considered.
2.6 Location of cargo tanks
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2.6.1 Cargo tanks shall be located at the following distances inboard:
1. Type 1 ships: from the side shell plating, not less than the transverse extent of damage specified
in 2.5.1.1.2, and from the moulded line of the bottom shell plating at centreline, not less than the
vertical extent of damage specified in 2.5.1.2.3, and nowhere less than 760 mm from the shell
plating. This requirement does not apply to the tanks for diluted slops arising from tank washing.
2. Type 2 ships: from the moulded line of the bottom shell plating at centreline, not less than the
vertical extent of damage specified in 2.5.1.2.3, and nowhere less than 760 mm from the shell
plating. This requirement does not apply to the tanks for diluted slops arising from tank washing.
3. Type 3 ships: no requirement.
2.6.2 Except for type 1 ships, suction wells installed in cargo tanks may protrude into the vertical extent
of bottom damage specified in 2.5.1.2.3 provided that such wells are as small as practicable and the
protrusion below the inner bottom plating does not exceed 25% of the depth of the double bottom
or 350 mm, whichever is less. Where there is no double bottom, the protrusion of the suction well of
independent tanks below the upper limit of bottom damage shall not exceed 350 mm. Suction wells
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IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
installed in accordance with this paragraph may be ignored in determining the compartments affected by
damage.
2.7 Flooding assumptions
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2.7.1 The requirements of 2.9 shall be confirmed by calculations which take into consideration the design
characteristics of the ship; the arrangements, configuration and contents of the damaged compartments;
the distribution, relative densities and the free surface effects of liquids; and the draught and trim for all
conditions of loading.
2.7.2 The permeabilities of spaces assumed to be damaged shall be as follows:
2.7.3 Wherever damage penetrates a tank containing liquids it shall be assumed that the contents are
completely lost from that compartment and replaced by salt water up to the level of the final plane of
equilibrium.
2.7.4 Every watertight division within the maximum extent of damage defined in 2.5.1 and considered to
have sustained damage in positions given in 2.8.1 shall be assumed to be penetrated. Where damage less
than the maximum is being considered in accordance with 2.5.2, only watertight divisions or combinations
of watertight divisions within the envelope of such lesser damage shall be assumed to be penetrated.
2.7.5 The ship shall be so designed as to keep unsymmetrical flooding to the minimum consistent with
efficient arrangements.
2.7.6 Equalization arrangements requiring mechanical aids such as valves or cross-levelling pipes, if fitted,
shall not be considered for the purpose of reducing an angle of heel or attaining the minimum range of
residual stability to meet the requirements of 2.9 and sufficient residual stability shall be maintained during
all stages where equalization is used. Spaces which are linked by ducts of large cross-sectional area may be
considered to be common.
2.7.7 If pipes, ducts, trunks or tunnels are situated within the assumed extent of damage penetration,
as defined in 2.5, arrangements shall be such that progressive flooding cannot thereby extend to
compartments other than those assumed to be flooded for each case of damage.
2.7.8 The buoyancy of any superstructure directly above the side damage shall be disregarded.
The unflooded parts of superstructures beyond the extent of damage, however, may be taken into
consideration provided that:
1. they are separated from the damaged space by watertight divisions and the requirements of 2.9.3 in
respect of these intact spaces are complied with; and
2. openings in such divisions are capable of being closed by remotely operated sliding watertight doors
and unprotected openings are not immersed within the minimum range of residual stability required
in 2.9; however, the immersion of any other openings capable of being closed weathertight may be
permitted.
* The permeability of partially filled compartments shall be consistent with the amount of liquid carried in
the compartment.
2.8 Standard of damage
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2.8.1 Ships shall be capable of surviving the damage indicated in 2.5 with the flooding assumptions in 2.7
to the extent determined by the ship’s type according to the following standards:
1. A type 1 ship shall be assumed to sustain damage anywhere in its length.
2. A type 2 ship of more than 150 m in length shall be assumed to sustain damage anywhere in its
length.
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dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
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3. A type 2 ship of 150 m in length or less shall be assumed to sustain damage anywhere in its length
except involving either of the bulkheads bounding a machinery space located aft.
4. A type 3 ship of more than 225 m in length shall be assumed to sustain damage anywhere in its
length.
5. A type 3 ship of 125 m in length or more but not exceeding 225 m in length shall be assumed
to sustain damage anywhere in its length except involving either of the bulkheads bounding a
machinery space located aft.
6. A type 3 ship below 125 m in length shall be assumed to sustain damage anywhere in its length
except involving damage to the machinery space when located aft. However, the ability to survive the
flooding of the machinery space shall be considered by the Administration.
2.8.2 In the case of small type 2 and type 3 ships which do not comply in all respects with the appropriate
requirements of 2.8.1.3 and 2.8.1.6, special dispensation may only be considered by the Administration
provided that alternative measures can be taken which maintain the same degree of safety. The nature of
the alternative measures shall be approved and clearly stated and be available to the port Administration.
Any such dispensation shall be duly noted on the International Certificate of Fitness referred to in 1.5.4.
2.9 Survival requirements
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2.9.1 Ships subject to the Code shall be capable of surviving the assumed damage specified in 2.5 to the
standard provided in 2.8 in a condition of stable equilibrium and shall satisfy the following criteria.
2.9.2 In any stage of flooding:
1. the waterline, taking into account sinkage, heel and trim, shall be below the lower edge of any
opening through which progressive flooding or downflooding may take place. Such openings shall
include air pipes and openings which are closed by means of weathertight doors or hatch covers and
may exclude those openings closed by means of watertight manhole covers and watertight flush
scuttles, small watertight cargo tank hatch covers which maintain the high integrity of the deck,
remotely operated watertight sliding doors, and sidescuttles of the non-opening type;
2. the maximum angle of heel due to unsymmetrical flooding shall not exceed 25°, except that this
angle may be increased to 30° if no deck immersion occurs;
3. the residual stability during intermediate stages of flooding shall be to the satisfaction of the
Administration. However, it shall never be significantly less than that required by 2.9.3.
2.9.3 At final equilibrium after flooding:
1. the righting-lever curve shall have a minimum range of 20° beyond the position of equilibrium in
association with a maximum residual righting lever of at least 0.1 m within the 20° range; the area
under the curve within this range shall not be less than 0.0175 m radians. Unprotected openings shall
not be immersed within this range unless the space concerned is assumed to be flooded. Within this
range, the immersion of any of the openings listed in 2.9.2.1 and other openings capable of being
closed weathertight may be permitted; and
2. the emergency source of power shall be capable of operating.
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IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
Chapter 03 Ship arrangements
3.1 Cargo segregation
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
3.1.1 Unless expressly provided otherwise, tanks containing cargo or residues of cargo subject to the Code
shall be segregated from accommodation, service and machinery spaces and from drinking water and
stores for human consumption by means of a cofferdam, void space, cargo pump-room, pump-room,
empty tank, oil fuel tank or other similar space.
3.1.2 Cargo piping shall not pass through any accommodation, service or machinery space other than cargo
pump-rooms or pump-rooms.
3.1.3 Cargoes, residues of cargoes or mixtures containing cargoes, which react in a hazardous manner with
other cargoes, residues or mixtures, shall:
1. be segregated from such other cargoes by means of a cofferdam, void space, cargo pump-room,
pump-room, empty tank, or tank containing a mutually compatible cargo;
2. have separate pumping and piping systems which shall not pass through other cargo tanks
containing such cargoes, unless encased in a tunnel; and
3. have separate tank venting systems.
3.1.4 If cargo piping systems or cargo ventilation systems are to be separated. This separation may be
achieved by the use of design or operational methods. Operational methods shall not be used within a
cargo tank and shall consist of one of the following types:
1. removing spool-pieces or valves and blanking the pipe ends;
2. arrangement of two spectacle flanges in series, with provisions for detecting leakage into the pipe
between the two spectacle flanges.
3.1.5 Cargoes subject to the Code shall not be carried in either the fore or aft peak tank.
3.2 Accommodation, service and machinery spaces and control
stations
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3.2.1 No accommodation or service spaces or control stations shall be located within the cargo area except
over a cargo pump-room recess or pump-room recess that complies with SOLAS regulations II-2/4.5.1 to
4.5.2.4 and no cargo or slop tank shall be aft of the forward end of any accommodation.
3.2.2 In order to guard against the danger of hazardous vapours, due consideration shall be given to
the location of air intakes and openings into accommodation, service and machinery spaces and control
stations in relation to cargo piping and cargo vent systems.
3.2.3 Entrances, air inlets and openings to accommodation, service and machinery spaces and control
stations shall not face the cargo area. They shall be located on the end bulkhead not facing the cargo
area and/or on the outboard side of the superstructure or deck-house at a distance of at least 4% of the
length (L) of the ship but not less than 3 m from the end of the superstructure or deck-house facing the
cargo area. This distance, however, need not exceed 5 m. No doors shall be permitted within the limits
mentioned above, except that doors to those spaces not having access to accommodation and service
spaces and control stations, such as cargo control stations and store-rooms, may be fitted. Where such
doors are fitted, the boundaries of the space shall be insulated to .A-60. standard. Bolted plates for removal
of machinery may be fitted within the limits specified above. Wheelhouse doors and wheelhouse windows
may be located within the limits specified above so long as they are so designed that a rapid and efficient
gas- and vapour-tightening of the wheelhouse can be ensured. Windows and sidescuttles facing the cargo
area and on the sides of the superstructures and deck-houses within the limits specified above shall be of
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the fixed (non-opening) type. Such sidescuttles in the first tier on the main deck shall be fitted with inside
covers of steel or equivalent material.
3.3 Cargo pump-rooms
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3.3.1 Cargo pump-rooms shall be so arranged as to ensure:
1. unrestricted passage at all times from any ladder platform and from the floor; and
2. unrestricted access to all valves necessary for cargo handling for a person wearing the required
personnel protective equipment.
3.3.2 Permanent arrangements shall be made for hoisting an injured person with a rescue line while
avoiding any projecting obstacles.
3.3.3 Guard railings shall be installed on all ladders and platforms.
3.3.4 Normal access ladders shall not be fitted vertical and shall incorporate platforms at suitable intervals.
3.3.5 Means shall be provided to deal with drainage and any possible leakage from cargo pumps and valves
in cargo pump-rooms. The bilge system serving the cargo pump-room shall be operable from outside
the cargo pump-room. One or more slop tanks for storage of contaminated bilge water or tank washings
shall be provided. A shore connection with a standard coupling or other facilities shall be provided for
transferring contaminated liquids to onshore reception facilities.
3.3.6 Pump discharge pressure gauges shall be provided outside the cargo pump-room.
3.3.7 Where machinery is driven by shafting passing through a bulkhead or deck, gastight seals with
efficient lubrication or other means of ensuring the permanence of the gas seal shall be fitted in way of the
bulkhead or deck.
3.4 Access to spaces in the cargo area
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3.4.1 Access to cofferdams, ballast tanks, cargo tanks and other spaces in the cargo area shall be direct from
the open deck and such as to ensure their complete inspection. Access to double-bottom spaces may be
through a cargo pump-room, pump-room, deep cofferdam, pipe tunnel or similar compartments, subject
to consideration of ventilation aspects.
3.4.2 For access through horizontal openings, hatches or manholes, the dimensions shall be sufficient to
allow a person wearing a self-contained air-breathing apparatus and protective equipment to ascend or
descend any ladder without obstruction and also to provide a clear opening to facilitate the hoisting of an
injured person from the bottom of the space. The minimum clear opening shall be not less than 600 mm by
600 mm.
3.4.3 For access through vertical openings, or manholes providing passage through the length and breadth
of the space, the minimum clear opening shall be not less than 600 mm by 800 mm at a height of not more
than 600 mm from the bottom shell plating unless gratings or other footholds are provided.
3.4.4 Smaller dimensions may be approved by the Administration in special circumstances, if the ability
to traverse such openings or to remove an injured person can be proved to the satisfaction of the
Administration.
3.5 Bilge and ballast arrangements
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3.5.1 Pumps, ballast lines, vent lines and other similar equipment serving permanent ballast tanks shall
be independent of similar equipment serving cargo tanks and of cargo tanks themselves. Discharge
arrangements for permanent ballast tanks sited immediately adjacent to cargo tanks shall be outside
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IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
machinery spaces and accommodation spaces. Filling arrangements may be in the machinery spaces
provided that such arrangements ensure filling from tank deck level and non-return valves are fitted.
3.5.2 Filling of ballast in cargo tanks may be arranged from deck level by pumps serving permanent ballast
tanks, provided that the filling line has no permanent connection to cargo tanks or piping and that nonreturn valves are fitted.
3.5.3 Bilge pumping arrangements for cargo pump-rooms, pump-rooms, void spaces, slop tanks, doublebottom tanks and similar spaces shall be situated entirely within the cargo area except for void spaces,
double-bottom tanks and ballast tanks where such spaces are separated from tanks containing cargo or
residues of cargo by a double bulkhead.
3.6 Pump and pipeline identification
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
Provisions shall be made for the distinctive marking of pumps, valves and pipelines to identify the service
and tanks which they serve.
3.7 Bow or stern loading and unloading arrangements
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3.7.1 Cargo piping may be fitted to permit bow or stern loading and unloading. Portable arrangements shall
not be permitted.
3.7.2 Bow or stern loading and unloading lines shall not be used for the transfer of products required to
be carried in type 1 ships. Bow and stern loading and unloading lines shall not be used for the transfer
of cargoes emitting toxic vapours required to comply with 15.12.1, unless specifically approved by the
Administration.
3.7.3 In addition to 5.1, the following provisions apply:
1. The piping outside the cargo area shall be fitted at least 760 mm inboard on the open deck. Such
piping shall be clearly identified and fitted with a shutoff valve at its connection to the cargo piping
system within the cargo area. At this location, it shall also be capable of being separated by means of
a removable spool-piece and blank flanges when not in use.
2. The shore connection shall be fitted with a shutoff valve and a blank flange.
3. The piping shall be full-penetration butt-welded, and fully radiographed. Flange connections in the
piping shall only be permitted within the cargo area and at the shore connection.
4. Spray shields shall be provided at the connections specified in 3.7.3.1 as well as collecting trays of
sufficient capacity, with means for the disposal of drainage.
5. The piping shall be self-draining to the cargo area and preferably into a cargo tank. Alternative
arrangements for draining the piping may be accepted by the Administration.
6. Arrangements shall be made to allow such piping to be purged after use and maintained gas-safe
when not in use. The vent pipes connected with the purge shall be located in the cargo area. The
relevant connections to the piping shall be provided with a shutoff valve and blank flange.
3.7.4 Entrances, air inlets and openings to accommodation, service and machinery spaces and control
stations shall not face the cargo shore-connection location of bow or stern loading and unloading
arrangements. They shall be located on the outboard side of the superstructure or deck-house at a distance
of at least 4% of the length of the ship but not less than 3 m from the end of the house facing the cargo
shore-connection location of the bow or stern loading and unloading arrangements. This distance,
however, need not exceed 5 m. Sidescuttles facing the shore-connection location and on the sides of the
superstructure or deck-house within the distance mentioned above shall be of the fixed (non-opening)
type. In addition, during the use of the bow or stern loading and unloading arrangements, all doors, ports
and other openings on the corresponding superstructure or deck-house side shall be kept closed. Where, in
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the case of small ships, compliance with 3.2.3 and this paragraph is not possible, the Administration may
approve relaxations from the above requirements.
3.7.5 Air pipes and other openings to enclosed spaces not listed in 3.7.4 shall be shielded from any spray
which may come from a burst hose or connection.
3.7.6 Escape routes shall not terminate within the coamings required by 3.7.7 or within a distance of 3 m
beyond the coamings.
3.7.7 Continuous coamings of suitable height shall be fitted to keep any spills on deck and away from the
accommodation and service areas.
3.7.8 Electrical equipment within the coamings required by 3.7.7 or within a distance of 3 m beyond the
coamings shall be in accordance with the requirements of chapter 10.
3.7.9 Fire-fighting arrangements for the bow or stern loading and unloading areas shall be in accordance
with 11.3.16.
3.7.10 Means of communication between the cargo control station and the cargo shore-connection
location shall be provided and certified safe, if necessary. Provision shall be made for the remote shutdown
of cargo pumps from the cargo shore-connection location.
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IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
Chapter 04 Cargo containment
4.1 Definitions
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
4.1.1 Independent tank means a cargo-containment envelope, which is not contiguous with, or part of,
the hull structure. An independent tank is built and installed so as to eliminate whenever possible (or in
any event to minimize) its stressing as a result of stressing or motion of the adjacent hull structure. An
independent tank is not essential to the structural completeness of the ship’s hull.
4.1.2 Integral tank means a cargo-containment envelope which forms part of the ship’s hull and which may
be stressed in the same manner and by the same loads which stress the contiguous hull structure and which
is normally essential to the structural completeness of the ship’s hull.
4.1.3 Gravity tank means a tank having a design pressure not greater than 0.07 MPa gauge at the top of
the tank. A gravity tank may be independent or integral. A gravity tank shall be constructed and tested
according to recognized standards, taking account of the temperature of carriage and relative density of the
cargo.
4.1.4 Pressure tank means a tank having a design pressure greater than 0.07 MPa gauge. A pressure tank
shall be an independent tank and shall be of a configuration permitting the application of pressure-vessel
design criteria according to recognized standards.
4.2 Tank type requirements for individual products
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
Requirements for both installation and design of tank types for individual products are shown in column f
in the table of chapter 17.
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Chapter 05 Cargo transfer
5.1 Piping scantlings
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
5.1.1 Subject to the conditions stated in 5.1.4 the wall thickness (t) of pipes shall not be less than:
5.1.2 The design pressure P in the formula for to in 5.1.1 is the maximum gauge pressure to which the
system may be subjected in service, taking into account the highest set pressure on any relief valve on the
system.
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dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
5.1.3 Piping and piping-system components which are not protected by a relief valve, or which may be
isolated from their relief valve, shall be designed for at least the greatest of:
1. for piping systems or components, which may contain some liquid, the saturated vapour pressure at
45°C;
2. the pressure setting of the associated pump discharge relief valve;
3. the maximum possible total pressure head at the outlet of the associated pumps when a pump
discharge relief valve is not installed.
5.1.4 The design pressure shall not be less than 1 MPa gauge except for open-ended lines, where it shall be
not less than 0.5 MPa gauge.
5.1.5 For pipes, the allowable stress K to be considered in the formula for to in 5.1.1 is the lower of the
following values:
where:
Rm = specified minimum tensile strength at ambient temperature (N/mm2)
Re = specified minimum yield stress at ambient temperature (N/mm2). If the stress-strain curve does not
show a defined yield stress, the 0.2% proof stress applies.
A and B shall have values of at least A = 2.7 and B = 1.8.
5.1.6.1 The minimum wall thickness shall be in accordance with recognized standards.
5.1.6.2 Where necessary for mechanical strength to prevent damage, collapse, excessive sag or buckling
of pipes due to weight of pipes and content and to superimposed loads from supports, ship deflection or
other causes, the wall thickness shall be increased over that required by 5.1.1 or, if this is impracticable or
would cause excessive local stresses, these loads shall be reduced, protected against or eliminated by other
design methods.
5.1.6.3 Flanges, valves and other fittings shall be in accordance with recognized standards, taking into
account the design pressure defined under 5.1.2.
5.1.6.4 For flanges not complying with a standard, the dimensions for flanges and associated bolts shall be
to the satisfaction of the Administration.
5.2 Piping fabrication and joining details
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5.2.1 The requirements of this section apply to piping inside and outside the cargo tanks. However,
relaxations from these requirements may be accepted in accordance with recognized standards for openended piping and for piping inside cargo tanks except for cargo piping serving other cargo tanks.
5.2.2 Cargo piping shall be joined by welding except:
1. for approved connections to shutoff valves and expansion joints; and
2. for other exceptional cases specifically approved by the Administration.
5.2.3 The following direct connections of pipe lengths without flanges may be considered:
1. Butt-welded joints with complete penetration at the root may be used in all applications.
2. Slip-on welded joints with sleeves and related welding having dimensions in accordance with
recognized standards shall only be used for pipes with an external diameter of 50 mm or less. This
type of joint shall not be used when crevice corrosion is expected to occur.
3. Screwed connections, in accordance with recognized standards, shall only be used for accessory lines
and instrumentation lines with external diameters of 25 mm or less.
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5.2.4 Expansion of piping shall normally be allowed for by the provision of expansion loops or bends in the
piping system.
1. Bellows, in accordance with recognized standards, may be specially considered.
2. Slip joints shall not be used.
5.2.5 Welding, post-weld heat treatment and non-destructive testing shall be performed in accordance
with recognized standards.
5.3 Flange connections
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5.3.1 Flanges shall be of the welded-neck, slip-on or socket-welded type. However, socket-welded-type
flanges shall not be used in nominal size above 50 mm.
5.3.2 Flanges shall comply with recognized standards as to their type, manufacture and test.
5.3 Test requirements for piping
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
5.4.1 The test requirements of this section apply to piping inside and outside cargo tanks. However,
relaxations from these requirements may be accepted in accordance with recognized standards for piping
inside tanks and open-ended piping.
5.4.2 After assembly, each cargo piping system shall be subject to a hydrostatic test to at least 1.5 times the
design pressure. When piping systems or parts of systems are completely manufactured and equipped with
all fittings, the hydrostatic test may be conducted prior to installation aboard the ship. Joints welded on
board shall be hydrostatically tested to at least 1.5 times the design pressure.
5.4.3 After assembly on board, each cargo piping system shall be tested for leaks to a pressure depending
on the method applied.
5.5 Piping arrangements
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5.5.1 Cargo piping shall not be installed under deck between the out-board side of the cargo-containment
spaces and the skin of the ship unless clearances required for damage protection (see 2.6) are maintained;
but such distances may be reduced where damage to the pipe would not cause release of cargo provided
that the clearance required for inspection purposes is maintained.
5.5.2 Cargo piping located below the main deck may run from the tank it serves and penetrate tank
bulkheads or boundaries common to longitudinally or transversally adjacent cargo tanks, ballast tanks,
empty tanks, pump-rooms or cargo pump-rooms provided that inside the tank it serves it is fitted with
a stop-valve operable from the weather deck and provided cargo compatibility is assured in the event
of piping failure. As an exception, where a cargo tank is adjacent to a cargo pump-room, the stop valve
operable from the weather deck may be situated on the tank bulkhead on the cargo pump-room side,
provided an additional valve is fitted between the bulkhead valve and the cargo pump. A totally enclosed
hydraulically operated valve located outside the cargo tank may, however, be accepted, provided that the
valve is: .1 designed to preclude the risk of leakage;
.2 fitted on the bulkhead of the cargo tank which it serves;
.3 suitably protected against mechanical damage;
.4 fitted at a distance from the shell as required for damage protection; and
.5 operable from the weather deck. 5.5.3 In any cargo pump-room where a pump serves more than one
tank, a stop valve shall be fitted in the line to each tank.
5.5.4 Cargo piping installed in pipe tunnels shall also comply with the requirements of 5.5.1 and 5.5.2. Pipe
tunnels shall satisfy all tank requirements for construction, location and ventilation and electrical hazard
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requirements. Cargo compatibility shall be assured in the event of a piping failure. The tunnel shall not have
any other openings except to the weather deck and cargo pump-room or pump-room.
5.5.5 Cargo piping passing through bulkheads shall be so arranged as to preclude excessive stresses at the
bulkhead and shall not utilize flanges bolted through the bulkhead.
5.6 Cargo-transfer control systems
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
5.6.1 For the purpose of adequately controlling the cargo, cargo-transfer systems shall be provided with:
1. one stop-valve capable of being manually operated on each tank filling and discharge line, located
near the tank penetration; if an individual deepwell pump is used to discharge the contents of a cargo
tank, a stop-valve is not required on the discharge line of that tank;
2. one stop valve at each cargo-hose connection;
3. remote shutdown devices for all cargo pumps and similar equipment.
5.6.2 The controls necessary during transfer or transport of cargoes covered by the Code other than in cargo
pump-rooms which have been dealt with elsewhere in the Code shall not be located below the weather
deck.
5.6.3 For certain products, additional cargo-transfer control requirements are shown in column o in the
table of chapter 17.
5.7 Ship¿s cargo hoses
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
5.7.1 Liquid and vapour hoses used for cargo transfer shall be compatible with the cargo and suitable for
the cargo temperature.
5.7.2 Hoses subject to tank pressure or the discharge pressure of pumps shall be designed for a bursting
pressure not less than 5 times the maximum pressure the hose will be subjected to during cargo transfer.
5.7.3 For cargo hoses installed on board ships on or after 1 July 2002, each new type of cargo hose,
complete with end-fittings, shall be prototype-tested at a normal ambient temperature with 200 pressure
cycles from zero to at least twice the specified maximum working pressure. After this cycle pressure test has
been carried out, the prototype test shall demonstrate a bursting pressure of at least 5 times its specified
maximum working pressure at the extreme service temperature. Hoses used for prototype testing shall
not be used for cargo service. Thereafter, before being placed in service, each new length of cargo hose
produced shall be hydrostatically tested at ambient temperature to a pressure not less than 1.5 times
its specified maximum working pressure but not more than two-fifths of its bursting pressure. The hose
shall be stencilled or otherwise marked with the date of testing, its specified maximum working pressure
and, if used in services other than the ambient temperature services, its maximum and minimum service
temperature, as applicable. The specified maximum working pressure shall not be less than 1 MPa gauge.
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Chapter 06 Materials of construction, protective linings and
coatings
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
6.1 Structural materials used for tank construction, together with associated piping, pumps, valves, vents
and their jointing materials, shall be suitable at the temperature and pressure for the cargo to be carried in
accordance with recognized standards. Steel is assumed to be the normal material of construction.
6.2 The shipyard is responsible for providing compatibility information to the ship operator and/or
master. This must be done in a timely manner before delivery of the ship or on completion of a relevant
modification of the material of construction.
6.3 Where applicable, the following should be taken into account in selecting the material of construction:
1. notch ductility at the operating temperature;
2. corrosive effect of the cargo; and
3. possibility of hazardous reactions between the cargo and the material of construction.
6.4 The shipper of the cargo is responsible for providing compatibility information to the ship operator and/
or master. This must be done in a timely manner before transportation of the product. The cargo shall be
compatible with all materials of construction such that:
1. no damage to the integrity of the materials of construction is incurred; and/or
2. no hazardous, or potentially hazardous reaction is created.
6.5 When a product is submitted to IMO for evaluation, and where compatibility of the product with
materials referred to in paragraph 6.1 renders special requirements, the BLG Product Data Reporting form
shall provide information on the required materials of construction. These requirements shall be reflected
in chapter 15 and consequentially be referred to in column o of chapter 17. The reporting form shall also
indicate if no special requirements are necessary. The producer of the product is responsible for providing
the correct information.
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IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
Chapter 07 Cargo temperature control
7.1 General
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
7.1.1 When provided, any cargo heating or cooling systems shall be constructed, fitted and tested to the
satisfaction of the Administration. Materials used in the construction of temperature-control systems shall
be suitable for use with the product intended to be carried.
7.1.2 Heating or cooling media shall be of a type approved for use with the specific cargo. Consideration
shall be given to the surface temperature of heating coils or ducts to avoid dangerous reactions from
localized overheating or overcooling of cargo. (See also 15.13.6.)
7.1.3 Heating or cooling systems shall be provided with valves to isolate the system for each tank and to
allow manual regulation of flow.
7.1.4 In any heating or cooling system, means shall be provided to ensure that, when in any condition other
than empty, a higher pressure can be maintained within the system than the maximum pressure head that
could be exerted by the cargo tank contents on the system.
7.1.5 Means shall be provided for measuring the cargo temperature.
1. The means for measuring the cargo temperature shall be of restricted or closed type, respectively,
when a restricted or closed gauging device is required for individual substances, as shown in column j
in the table of chapter 17.
2. A restricted temperature-measuring device is subject to the definition for a restricted gauging device
in 13.1.1.2 (e.g. a portable thermometer lowered inside a gauge tube of the restricted type).
3. A closed temperature-measuring device is subject to the definition for a closed gauging device in
13.1.1.3 (e.g. a remote-reading thermometer of which the sensor is installed in the tank).
4. When overheating or overcooling could result in a dangerous condition, an alarm system which
monitors the cargo temperature shall be provided. (See also operational requirements in 16.6.)
7.1.6 When products for which 15.12, 15.12.1 or 15.12.3 are listed in column o in the table of chapter 17
are being heated or cooled, the heating or cooling medium shall operate in a circuit:
1. which is independent of other ship’s services, except for another cargo heating or cooling system,
and which does not enter the machinery space; or
2. which is external to the tank carrying toxic products; or
3. where the medium is sampled to check for the presence of cargo before it is recirculated to other
services of the ship or into the machinery space. The sampling equipment shall be located within
the cargo area and be capable of detecting the presence of any toxic cargo being heated or cooled.
Where this method is used, the coil return shall be tested not only at the commencement of heating
or cooling of a toxic product, but also on the first occasion the coil is used subsequent to having
carried an unheated or uncooled toxic cargo.
7.2 Additional requirements
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
For certain products, additional requirements contained in chapter 15 are shown in column o in the table of
chapter 17.
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dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
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Chapter 08 Cargo tank venting and gas-freeing arrangements
8.1 Application
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
8.1.1 Unless expressly provided otherwise, this chapter applies to ships constructed on or after 1 January
1994.
8.1.2 Ships constructed before 1 January 1994 shall comply with the requirements of chapter 8 of this Code
which were in force prior to the said date.
8.1.3 For the purpose of this regulation, the term .ship constructed. is as defined in SOLAS regulation
II-1/1.3.1.
8.1.4 Ships constructed on or after 1 July 1986 but before 1 January 1994 which fully comply with the
requirements of the Code applicable at that time may be regarded as complying with the requirements of
SOLAS regulations II-2/4.5.3, 4.5.6 to 4.5.8, 4.5.10 and 11.6.
8.1.5 For ships to which the Code applies, the requirements of this chapter shall apply in lieu of SOLAS
regulations II-2/4.5.3 and 4.5.6.
8.1.6 Ships constructed on or after 1 July 1986, but before 1 July 2002 shall comply with the requirements
of 8.3.3.
8.2 Cargo tank venting
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8.2.1 All cargo tanks shall be provided with a venting system appropriate to the cargo being carried and
these systems shall be independent of the air pipes and venting systems of all other compartments of the
ship. Tank venting systems shall be designed so as to minimize the possibility of cargo vapour accumulating
about the decks, entering accommodation, service and machinery spaces and control stations and, in the
case of flammable vapours, entering or collecting in spaces or areas containing sources of ignition. Tank
venting systems shall be arranged to prevent entrance of water into the cargo tanks and, at the same time,
vent outlets shall direct the vapour discharge upwards in the form of unimpeded jets.
8.2.2 The venting systems shall be connected to the top of each cargo tank and as far as practicable the
cargo vent lines shall be self-draining back to the cargo tanks under all normal operational conditions of
list and trim. Where it is necessary to drain venting systems above the level of any pressure/vacuum valve,
capped or plugged drain cocks shall be provided.
8.2.3 Provision shall be made to ensure that the liquid head in any tank does not exceed the design head
of the tank. Suitable high-level alarms, overflow control systems or spill valves, together with gauging
and tank filling procedures, may be accepted for this purpose. Where the means of limiting cargo tank
overpressure includes an automatic closing valve, the valve shall comply with the appropriate provisions of
15.19.
8.2.4 Tank venting systems shall be designed and operated so as to ensure that neither pressure nor
vacuum created in the cargo tanks during loading or unloading exceeds tank design parameters. The main
factors to be considered in the sizing of a tank venting system are as follows:
1. design loading and unloading rate;
2. gas evolution during loading: this shall be taken account of by multiplying the maximum loading rate
by a factor of at least 1.25;
3. density of the cargo vapour mixture;
4. pressure loss in vent piping and across valves and fittings; and
5. pressure/vacuum settings of relief devices.
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IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
8.2.5 Tank vent piping connected to cargo tanks of corrosion-resistant material, or to tanks which are lined
or coated to handle special cargoes as required by the Code, shall be similarly lined or coated or constructed
of corrosion-resistant material.
8.2.6 The master shall be provided with the maximum permissible loading and unloading rates for each
tank or group of tanks consistent with the design of the venting systems.
8.3 Types of tank venting systems
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8.3.1 An open tank venting system is a system which offers no restriction except for friction losses to the
free flow of cargo vapours to and from the cargo tanks during normal operations. An open venting system
may consist of individual vents from each tank, or such individual vents may be combined into a common
header or headers, with due regard to cargo segregation. In no case shall shutoff valves be fitted either to
the individual vents or to the header.
8.3.2 A controlled tank venting system is a system in which pressure- and vacuum-relief valves or pressure/
vacuum valves are fitted to each tank to limit the pressure or vacuum in the tank. A controlled venting
system may consist of individual vents from each tank or such individual vents on the pressure side only
as may be combined into a common header or headers, with due regard to cargo segregation. In no case
shall shut-off valves be fitted either above or below pressure- or vacuum-relief valves or pressure/vacuum
valves. Provision may be made for bypassing a pressure- or vacuum-relief valve or pressure/vacuum valve
under certain operating conditions provided that the requirement of 8.3.6 is maintained and that there is
suitable indication to show whether or not the valve is bypassed.
8.3.3 Controlled tank venting systems shall consist of a primary and a secondary means of allowing full
flow relief of vapour to prevent over-pressure or under-pressure in the event of failure of one means.
Alternatively, the secondary means may consist of pressure sensors fitted in each tank with a monitoring
system in the ship’s cargo control room or position from which cargo operations are normally carried out.
Such monitoring equipment shall also provide an alarm facility which is activated by detection of overpressure or under-pressure conditions within a tank.
8.3.4 The position of vent outlets of a controlled tank venting system shall be arranged:
1. at a height of not less than 6 m above the weather deck or above a raised walkway if fitted within 4 m
of the raised walkway; and
2. at a distance of at least 10 m measured horizontally from the nearest air intake or opening to
accommodation, service and machinery spaces and ignition sources.
8.3.5 The vent outlet height referred to in 8.3.4.1 may be reduced to 3 m above the deck or a raised
walkway, as applicable, provided that high-velocity venting valves of an approved type, directing the
vapour/air mixture upwards in an unimpeded jet with an exit velocity of at least 30 m/s, are fitted.
8.3.6 Controlled tank venting systems fitted to tanks to be used for cargoes having a flashpoint not
exceeding 60°C (closed-cup test) shall be provided with devices to prevent the passage of flame into the
cargo tanks. The design, testing and locating of the devices shall comply with the requirements of the
Administration, which shall contain at least the standards adopted by the Organization.
8.3.7 In designing venting systems and in the selection of devices to prevent the passage of flame for
incorporation into the tank venting system, due attention shall be paid to the possibility of the blockage
of these systems and fittings by, for example, the freezing of cargo vapour, polymer build-up, atmospheric
dust or icing up in adverse weather conditions. In this context it shall be noted that flame arresters and
flame screens are more susceptible to blockage. Provisions shall be made such that the system and fittings
may be inspected, operationally checked, cleaned or renewed as applicable.
8.3.8 Reference in 8.3.1 and 8.3.2 to the use of shutoff valves in the venting lines shall be interpreted to
extend to all other means of stoppage, including spectacle blanks and blank flanges.
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8.4 Venting requirements for individual products
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Venting requirements for individual products are shown in column g, and additional requirements in
column o in the table of chapter 17.
8.5 Cargo tank gas-freeing
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
8.5.1 The arrangements for gas-freeing cargo tanks used for cargoes other than those for which open
venting is permitted shall be such as to minimize the hazards due to the dispersal of flammable or toxic
vapours in the atmosphere and to flammable or toxic vapour mixtures in a cargo tank. Accordingly, gasfreeing operations shall be carried out such that vapour is initially discharged:
1. through the vent outlets specified in 8.3.4 and 8.3.5; or
2. through outlets at least 2 m above the cargo tank deck level with a vertical exit velocity of at least 30
m/s maintained during the gas-freeing operation; or
3. through outlets at least 2 m above the cargo tank deck level with a vertical exit velocity of at least 20
m/s which are protected by suitable devices to prevent the passage of flame.
When the flammable vapour concentration at the outlets has been reduced to 30% of the lower flammable
limit and, in the case of a toxic product, the vapour concentration does not present a significant health
hazard, gas-freeing may thereafter be continued at cargo tank deck level.
8.5.2 The outlets referred to in 8.5.1.2 and 8.5.1.3 may be fixed or portable pipes.
8.5.3 In designing a gas-freeing system in conformity with 8.5.1, particularly in order to achieve the
required exit velocities of 8.5.1.2 and 8.5.1.3, due consideration shall be given to the following:
1. materials of construction of system;
2. time to gas-free;
3. flow characteristics of fans to be used;
4. the pressure losses created by ducting, piping, cargo tank inlets and outlets;
5. the pressure achievable in the fan driving medium (e.g. water or compressed air); and
6. the densities of the cargo vapour/air mixtures for the range of cargoes to be carried.
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IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
Chapter 09 Environmental control
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
9.1 General
9.1.1 Vapour spaces within cargo tanks and, in some cases, spaces surrounding cargo tanks may require to
have specially controlled atmospheres.
9.1.2 There are four different types of control for cargo tanks, as follows:
1. Inerting: by filling the cargo tank and associated piping systems and, where specified in chapter 15,
the spaces surrounding the cargo tanks, with a gas or vapour which will not support combustion and
which will not react with the cargo, and maintaining that condition.
2. Padding: by filling the cargo tank and associated piping systems with a liquid, gas or vapour which
separates the cargo from the air, and maintaining that condition.
3. Drying: by filling the cargo tank and associated piping systems with moisturefree gas or vapour with
a dewpoint of -40°C or below at atmospheric pressure, and maintaining that condition.
4. Ventilation: forced or natural.
9.1.3 Where inerting or padding of cargo tanks is required:
1. An adequate supply of inert gas for use in filling and discharging the cargo tanks shall be carried or
shall be manufactured on board unless a shore supply is available. In addition, sufficient inert gas
shall be available on the ship to compensate for normal losses during transportation.
2. The inert gas system on board the ship shall be able to maintain a pressure of at least 0.007 MPa
gauge within the containment system at all times. In addition, the inert gas system shall not raise the
cargo tank pressure to more than the tank’s relief-valve setting.
3. Where padding is used, similar arrangements for supply of the padding medium shall be made as
required for inert gas in 9.1.3.1 and 9.1.3.2.
4. Means shall be provided for monitoring ullage spaces containing a gas blanket to ensure that the
correct atmosphere is being maintained.
5. Inerting or padding arrangements or both, where used with flammable cargoes, shall be such as to
minimize the creation of static electricity during the admission of the inerting medium.
9.1.4 Where drying is used and dry nitrogen is used as the medium, similar arrangements for supply of the
drying agent shall be made to those required in 9.1.3. Where drying agents are used as the drying medium
on all air inlets to the tank, sufficient medium shall be carried for the duration of the voyage, taking into
consideration the diurnal temperature range and the expected humidity.
9.2 Environmental control requirements for individual products
The required types of environmental control for certain products are shown in column h in the table of
chapter 17.
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Chapter 10 Electrical installations
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
10.1 General
10.1.1 The provisions of this chapter are applicable to ships carrying cargoes which are inherently, or due
to their reaction with other substances, flammable or corrosive to the electrical equipment, and shall be
applied in conjunction with applicable electrical requirements of part D of chapter II-1 of SOLAS.
10.1.2.1 Electrical installations shall be such as to minimize the risk of fire and explosion from flammable
products*.
10.1.2.2 Where the specific cargo is liable to damage the materials normally used in electrical apparatus,
due consideration shall be given to the particular characteristics of the materials chosen for conductors,
insulation, metal parts, etc. As far as necessary, these components shall be protected to prevent contact
with gases or vapours liable to be encountered.
10.1.3 The Administration shall take appropriate steps to ensure uniformity in the implementation and the
application of the provisions of this chapter in respect of electrical installations.
10.1.4 Electrical equipment, cables and wiring shall not be installed in the hazardous locations unless it
conforms with the standards not inferior to those acceptable to the Organization*. However, for locations
not covered by such standards, electrical equipment, cables and wiring which do not conform to the
standards may be installed in hazardous locations based on a risk assessment to the satisfaction of the
Administration, to ensure that an equivalent level of safety is assured.
10.1.5 Where electrical equipment is installed in hazardous locations, as permitted in this chapter, it shall
be to the satisfaction of the Administration and certified by the relevant authorities recognized by the
Administration for operation in the flammable atmosphere concerned, as indicated in column i in the table
of chapter 17.
10.1.6 For guidance, indication is given if the flashpoint of a substance is in excess of 60°C. In the case of a
heated cargo, carriage conditions might need to be established and the requirements for cargoes having a
flashpoint not exceeding 60ºC applied.
10.2 Bonding
Independent cargo tanks shall be electrically bonded to the hull. All gasketed cargo-pipe joints and hose
connections shall be electrically bonded.
10.3 Electrical requirements for individual products
Electrical requirements for individual products are shown in column i in the table of chapter 17.
* Reference is made to the recommendations published by the International Electrotechnical Commission,
in particular to Publication IEC 60079-1-1: 2002.
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IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
Chapter 11 Fire protection and fire extinction
11.1 Application
11.2 Cargo pump-rooms
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
11.2.1 The cargo pump-room of any ship shall be provided with a fixed carbon dioxide fire-extinguishing
system as specified in SOLAS regulation II-2/10.9.1.1. A notice shall be exhibited at the controls stating that
the system is only to be used for fire-extinguishing and not for inerting purposes, due to the electrostatic
ignition hazard. The alarms referred to in SOLAS regulation II-2/10.9.1.1.1 shall be safe for use in a
flammable cargo vapour/air mixture. For the purpose of this requirement, an extinguishing system shall
be provided which would be suitable for machinery spaces. However, the amount of gas carried shall be
sufficient to provide a quantity of free gas equal to 45% of the gross volume of the cargo pump-room in all
cases.
11.2.2 Cargo pump-rooms of ships which are dedicated to the carriage of a restricted number of cargoes
shall be protected by an appropriate fire-extinguishing system approved by the Administration.
11.2.3 If cargoes are to be carried which are not suited to extinguishment by carbon dioxide or equivalent
media, the cargo pump-room shall be protected by a fire extinguishing system consisting of either a
fixed pressure water spray or high expansion foam system. The International Certificate of Fitness for the
Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk shall reflect this conditional requirement.
11.3 Cargo area
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
11.3.1 Every ship shall be provided with a fixed deck foam system in accordance with the requirements of
11.3.2 to 11.3.12.
11.3.2 Only one type of foam concentrate shall be supplied, and it shall be effective for the maximum
possible number of cargoes intended to be carried. For other cargoes for which foam is not effective or is
incompatible, additional arrangements to the satisfaction of the Administration shall be provided. Regular
protein foam shall not be used.
11.3.3 The arrangements for providing foam shall be capable of delivering foam to the entire cargo tanks
deck area as well as into any cargo tank, the deck of which is assumed to be ruptured.
11.3.4 The deck foam system shall be capable of simple and rapid operation. The main control station for
the system shall be suitably located outside of the cargo area, adjacent to the accommodation spaces and
readily accessible and operable in the event of fires in the areas protected.
11.3.5 The rate of supply of foam solution shall be not less than the greatest of the following:
1. 2l/min per square metre of the cargo tanks deck area, where cargo tanks deck area means the
maximum breadth of the ship times the total longitudinal extent of the cargo tank spaces;
2. 20 l/min per square metre of the horizontal sectional area of the single tank having the largest such
area;
3. 10 l/min per square metre of the area protected by the largest monitor, such area being entirely
forward of the monitor, but not less than 1,250 l/min. For ships less than 4,000 tonnes deadweight,
the minimum capacity of the monitor shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.
11.3.6 Sufficient foam concentrate shall be supplied to ensure at least 30 min of foam generation when
using the highest of the solution rates stipulated in 11.3.5.1, 11.3.5.2 and 11.3.5.3.
11.3.7 Foam from the fixed foam system shall be supplied by means of monitors and foam applicators.
At least 50% of the foam rate required in 11.3.5.1 or 11.3.5.2 shall be delivered from each monitor. The
capacity of any monitor shall be at least 10 l/min of foam solution per square metre of deck area protected
by that monitor, such area being entirely forward of the monitor. Such capacity shall be not less than 1,250
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l/min. For ships less than 4,000 tonnes deadweight, the minimum capacity of the monitor shall be to the
satisfaction of the Administration.
11.3.8 The distance from the monitor to the farthest extremity of the protected area forward of that
monitor shall be not more than 75% of the monitor throw in still air conditions.
11.3.9 A monitor and hose connection for a foam applicator shall be situated both port and starboard at
the poop front or accommodation spaces facing the cargo area.
11.3.10 Applicators shall be provided for flexibility of action during fire- fighting operations and to cover
areas screened from the monitors. The capacity of any applicator shall be not less than 400 l/min and the
applicator throw in still air conditions shall be not less than 15 m. The number of foam applicators provided
shall be not less than four. The number and disposition of foam main outlets shall be such that foam from
at least two applicators can be directed to any part of the cargo tanks deck area.
11.3.11 Valves shall be provided in the foam main, and in the fire main where this is an integral part of
the deck foam system, immediately forward of any monitor position to isolate damaged sections of those
mains.
11.3.12 Operation of a deck foam system at its required output shall permit the simultaneous use of the
minimum required number of jets of water at the required pressure from the fire main.
11.3.13 Ships which are dedicated to the carriage of a restricted number of cargoes shall be protected
by alternative provisions to the satisfaction of the Administration when they are just as effective for the
products concerned as the deck foam system required for the generality of flammable cargoes.
11.3.14 Suitable portable fire-extinguishing equipment for the products to be carried shall be provided and
kept in good operating order.
11.3.15 Where flammable cargoes are to be carried, all sources of ignition shall be excluded from
hazardous locations unless such sources conform with 10.1.4.
11.3.16 Ships fitted with bow or stern loading and unloading arrangements shall be provided with one
additional foam monitor meeting the requirements of 11.3.7 and one additional applicator meeting the
requirements of 11.3.10. The additional monitor shall be located to protect the bow or stern loading and
unloading arrangements. The area of the cargo line forward or aft of the cargo area shall be protected by
the above-mentioned applicator.
11.4 Special requirements
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
All fire-extinguishing media determined to be effective for each product are listed in column l in the table of
chapter 17.
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dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
Chapter 12 Mechanical ventilation in the cargo area
12.1 Spaces normally entered during cargo-handling operations
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
12.1.1 Cargo pump-rooms and other enclosed spaces which contain cargo-handling equipment and similar
spaces in which work is performed on the cargo shall be fitted with mechanical ventilation systems, capable
of being controlled from outside such spaces.
12.1.2 Provision shall be made to ventilate such spaces prior to entering the compartment and operating
the equipment and a warning notice requiring the use of such ventilation shall be placed outside the
compartment.
12.1.3 Mechanical ventilation inlets and outlets shall be arranged to ensure sufficient air movement
through the space to avoid the accumulation of toxic or flammable vapours or both (taking into account
their vapour densities) and to ensure sufficient oxygen to provide a safe working environment, but in no
case shall the ventilation system have a capacity of less than 30 changes of air per hour, based upon the
total volume of the space. For certain products, increased ventilation rates for cargo pump-rooms are
prescribed in 15.17.
12.1.4 Ventilation systems shall be permanent and shall normally be of the extraction type. Extraction
from above and below the floor plates shall be possible. In rooms housing motors driving cargo pumps, the
ventilation shall be of the positive-pressure type.
12.1.5 Ventilation exhaust ducts from spaces within the cargo area shall discharge upwards in locations at
least 10 m in the horizontal direction from ventilation intakes and openings to accommodation, service and
machinery spaces and control stations and other spaces outside the cargo area.
12.1.6 Ventilation intakes shall be so arranged as to minimize the possibility of recycling hazardous vapours
from any ventilation discharge opening.
12.1.7 Ventilation ducts shall not be led through accommodation, service and machinery spaces or other
similar spaces.
12.1.8 Electric motors driving fans shall be placed outside the ventilation ducts if the carriage of flammable
products is intended. Ventilation fans and fan ducts, in way of fans only, for hazardous locations referred to
in chapter 10 shall be of non-sparking construction, defined as:
1. impellers or housing of non-metallic construction, due regard being paid to the elimination of static
electricity;
2. impellers and housing of non-ferrous materials;
3. impellers and housing of austenitic stainless steel; and
4. ferrous impellers and housing with not less than 13 mm design tip clearance.
Any combination of an aluminium or a magnesium alloy fixed or rotating component and a ferrous fixed
or rotating component, regardless of tip clearance, is considered a sparking hazard and shall not be used in
these places.
12.1.9 Sufficient spare parts shall be carried for each type of fan on board required by this chapter.
12.1.10 Protection screens of not more than 13 mm square mesh shall be fitted in outside openings of
ventilation ducts.
12.2 Pump-rooms and other enclosed spaces normally entered
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Pump-rooms and other enclosed spaces normally entered which are not covered by 12.1.1 shall be fitted
with mechanical ventilation systems, capable of being controlled from outside such spaces and complying
with the requirements of 12.1.3, except that the capacity shall not be less than 20 changes of air per
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hour, based upon the total volume of the space. Provision shall be made to ventilate such spaces prior to
personnel entering.
12.3 Spaces not normally entered
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Double bottoms, cofferdams, duct keels, pipe tunnels, hold spaces and other spaces where cargo may
accumulate shall be capable of being ventilated to ensure a safe environment when entry into the spaces
is necessary. Where a permanent ventilation system is not provided for such spaces, approved means of
portable mechanical ventilation shall be provided. Where necessary, owing to the arrangement of spaces,
for instance hold spaces, essential ducting for ventilation shall be permanently installed. For permanent
installations the capacity of eight air changes per hour shall be provided and for portable systems the
capacity of 16 air changes per hour. Fans or blowers shall be clear of personnel access openings, and shall
comply with 12.1.8.
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IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
Chapter 13 Instrumentation
13.1 Gauging
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
13.1.1 Cargo tanks shall be fitted with one of the following types of gauging devices:
1. Open device: which makes use of an opening in the tanks and may expose the gauger to the cargo or
its vapour. An example of this is the ullage opening.
2. Restricted device: which penetrates the tank and which, when in use, permits a small quantity of
cargo vapour or liquid to be exposed to the atmosphere. When not in use, the device is completely
closed. The design shall ensure that no dangerous escape of tank contents (liquid or spray) can take
place in opening the device.
3. Closed device: which penetrates the tank, but which is part of a closed system and keeps tank
contents from being released. Examples are the float-type systems, electronic probe, magnetic probe
and protected sight-glass. Alternatively, an indirect device which does not penetrate the tank shell
and which is independent of the tank may be used. Examples are weighing of cargo, pipe flow meter.
13.1.2 Gauging devices shall be independent of the equipment required under 15.19.
13.1.3 Open gauging and restricted gauging shall be allowed only where:
1. open venting is allowed by the Code; or
2. means are provided for relieving tank pressure before the gauge is operated.
13.1.4 Types of gauging for individual products are shown in column j in the table of chapter 17.
13.2 Vapour detection
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13.2.1 Ships carrying toxic or flammable products or both shall be equipped with at least two instruments
designed and calibrated for testing for the specific vapours in question. If such instruments are not
capable of testing for both toxic concentrations and flammable concentrations, then two separate sets of
instruments shall be provided.
13.2.2 Vapour-detection instruments may be portable or fixed. If a fixed system is installed, at least one
portable instrument shall be provided.
13.2.3 When toxic-vapour-detection equipment is not available for some products which require such
detection, as indicated in column k in the table of chapter 17, the Administration may exempt the ship
from the requirement, provided an appropriate entry is made on the International Certificate of Fitness for
the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk. When granting such an exemption, the Administration shall
recognize the necessity for additional breathing-air supply and an entry shall be made on the International
Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk drawing attention to the provisions of
14.2.4 and 16.4.2.2.
13.2.4 Vapour-detection requirements for individual products are shown in column k in the table of chapter
17.
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Chapter 14 Personnel protection
14.1 Protective equipment
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14.1.1 For the protection of crew members who are engaged in loading and discharging operations, the
ship shall have on board suitable protective equipment consisting of large aprons, special gloves with
long sleeves, suitable footwear, coveralls of chemical-resistant material, and tight-fitting goggles or face
shields or both. The protective clothing and equipment shall cover all skin so that no part of the body is
unprotected.
14.1.2 Work clothes and protective equipment shall be kept in easily accessible places and in special
lockers. Such equipment shall not be kept within accommodation spaces, with the exception of new,
unused equipment and equipment which has not been used since undergoing a thorough cleaning process.
The Administration may, however, approve storage rooms for such equipment within accommodation
spaces if adequately segregated from living spaces such as cabins, passageways, dining rooms, bathrooms,
etc.
14.1.3 Protective equipment shall be used in any operation, which may entail danger to personnel.
14.2 Safety equipment
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
14.2.1 Ships carrying cargoes for which 15.12, 15.12.1 or 15.12.3 is listed in column o in the table of
chapter 17 shall have on board sufficient but not less than three complete sets of safety equipment, each
permitting personnel to enter a gas-filled compartment and perform work there for at least 20 min. Such
equipment shall be in addition to that required by SOLAS regulation II-2/10.10.
14.2.2 One complete set of safety equipment shall consist of:
1. one self-contained air-breathing apparatus (not using stored oxygen);
2. protective clothing, boots, gloves and tight-fitting goggles;
3. fireproof lifeline with belt resistant to the cargoes carried; and
4. explosion-proof lamp.
14.2.3 For the safety equipment required in 14.2.1, all ships shall carry either:
1. one set of fully charged spare air bottles for each breathing apparatus;
2. a special air compressor suitable for the supply of high-pressure air of the required purity;
3. a charging manifold capable of dealing with sufficient spare air bottles for the breathing apparatus;
or
4. fully charged spare air bottles with a total free air capacity of at least 6,000 l for each breathing
apparatus on board in excess of the requirements of SOLAS regulation II-2/10.10.
14.2.4 A cargo pump-room on ships carrying cargoes which are subject to the requirements of 15.18 or
cargoes for which in column k in the table of chapter 17 toxic-vapour-detection equipment is required but
is not available shall have either:
1. a low-pressure line system with hose connections suitable for use with the breathing apparatus
required by 14.2.1. This system shall provide sufficient high-pressure air capacity to supply, through
pressure-reduction devices, enough low-pressure air to enable two men to work in a gas-dangerous
space for at least 1 h without using the air bottles of the breathing apparatus. Means shall be
provided for recharging the fixed air bottles and the breathing apparatus air bottles from a special air
compressor suitable for the supply of high-pressure air of the required purity; or
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dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
2. an equivalent quantity of spare bottled air in lieu of the low-pressure air line.
14.2.5 At least one set of safety equipment as required by 14.2.2 shall be kept in a suitable clearly marked
locker in a readily accessible place near the cargo pump-room. The other sets of safety equipment shall also
be kept in suitable, clearly marked, easily accessible places.
14.2.6 The breathing apparatus shall be inspected at least once a month by a responsible officer, and the
inspection recorded in the ship’s log-book. The equipment shall be inspected and tested by an expert at
least once a year.
14.3 Emergency equipment
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
14.3.1 Ships carrying cargoes, for which .Yes. is indicated in column n of chapter 17, shall be provided
with suitable respiratory and eye protection sufficient for every person on board for emergency escape
purposes, subject to the following:
1. filter-type respiratory protection is unacceptable;
2. self-contained breathing apparatus shall have at least a duration of service of 15 min;
3. emergency escape respiratory protection shall not be used for fire-fighting or cargo-handling
purposes and shall be marked to that effect.
14.3.2 The ship shall have on board medical first-aid equipment, including oxygen resuscitation equipment
and antidotes for cargoes to be carried, based on the guidelines developed by the Organization*.
14.3.3 A stretcher which is suitable for hoisting an injured person up from spaces such as the cargo pumproom shall be placed in a readily accessible location.
14.3.4 Suitably marked decontamination showers and an eyewash shall be available on deck in convenient
locations. The showers and eyewash shall be operable in all ambient conditions.
* Reference is made to the Medical First Aid Guide for Use in Accidents Involving Dangerous Goods (MFAG),
which provides advice on the treatment of casualties in accordance with the symptoms exhibited as well as
equipment and antidotes that may be appropriate for treating the casualty.
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Chapter 15 Special requirements
15.01 General
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
15.1.1 The provisions of this chapter are applicable where specific reference is made in column o in the
table of chapter 17. These requirements are additional to the general requirements of the Code.
15.02 Ammonium nitrate solution (93% or less)
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15.2.1 The ammonium nitrate solution shall contain at least 7% by weight of water. The acidity (pH) of the
cargo when diluted with ten parts of water to one part of cargo by weight shall be between 5.0 and 7.0.
The solution shall not contain more than 10 ppm chloride ions, 10 ppm ferric ions and shall be free of other
contaminants.
15.2.2 Tanks and equipment for ammonium nitrate solution shall be independent of tanks and equipment
containing other cargoes or combustible products. Equipment which may, in service or when defective,
release combustible products into the cargo (e.g. lubricants), shall not be used. Tanks shall not be used for
seawater ballast.
15.2.3 Except where expressly approved by the Administration, ammonium nitrate solutions shall not be
transported in tanks which have previously contained other cargoes unless tanks and associated equipment
have been cleaned to the satisfaction of the Administration.
15.2.4 The temperature of the heat-exchanging medium in the tank heating system shall not exceed 160°C.
The heating system shall be provided with a control system to keep the cargo at a bulk mean temperature
of 140°C. High-temperature alarms at 145°C and 150°C and a low-temperature alarm at 125°C shall be
provided. Where the temperature of the heatexchanging medium exceeds 160°C, an alarm shall also be
given. Temperature alarms and controls shall be located on the navigating bridge.
15.2.5 If the bulk mean cargo temperature reaches 145°C, a cargo sample shall be diluted with ten parts of
distilled or demineralized water to one part of cargo by weight and the pH shall be determined by means of
a narrow-range indicator paper or stick. Acidity measurements shall then be taken every 24 hours. If the pH
is found to be below 4.2, ammonia gas shall be injected into the cargo until the pH of 5.0 is reached.
15.2.6 A fixed installation shall be provided to inject ammonia gas into the cargo. Controls for this system
shall be located on the navigation bridge. For this purpose, 300 kg of ammonia per 1,000 tonnes of
ammonium nitrate solution shall be available on board.
15.2.7 Cargo pumps shall be of the centrifugal deepwell type or of the centrifugal type with water-flushed
seals.
15.2.8 Vent piping shall be fitted with approved weatherhoods to prevent clogging. Such weatherhoods
shall be accessible for inspection and cleaning.
15.2.9 Hot work on tanks, piping and equipment which have been in contact with ammonium nitrate
solution shall only be done after all traces of ammonium nitrate have been removed, inside as well as
outside.
15.03 Carbon disulphide
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Carbon disulphide may be carried either under a water pad or under a suitable inert gas pad as specified in
the following paragraphs.
Carriage under water pad
15.3.1 Provision shall be made to maintain a water pad in the cargo tank during loading, unloading and
transit. In addition, an inert-gas pad shall be maintained in the ullage space during transit.
15.3.2 All openings shall be in the top of the tank, above the deck.
15.3.3 Loading lines shall terminate near the bottom of the tank.
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15.3.4 A standard ullage opening shall be provided for emergency sounding.
15.3.5 Cargo piping and vent lines shall be independent of piping and vent lines used for other cargo.
15.3.6 Pumps may be used for discharging cargo, provided they are of the deepwell or hydraulically driven
submersible types. The means of driving a deepwell pump shall not present a source of ignition for carbon
disulphide and shall not employ equipment that may exceed a temperature of 80°C.
15.3.7 If a cargo discharge pump is used, it shall be inserted through a cylindrical well extending from the
tank top to a point near the tank bottom. A water pad shall be formed in this well before attempting pump
removal unless the tank has been certified as gas-free.
15.3.8 Water or inert-gas displacement may be used for discharging cargo, provided the cargo system is
designed for the expected pressure and temperature.
15.3.9 Safety relief valves shall be of stainless steel construction.
15.3.10 Because of its low ignition temperature and close clearances required to arrest its flame
propagation, only intrinsically safe systems and circuits are permitted in the hazardous locations.
Carriage under suitable inert gas pad
15.3.11 Carbon disulphide shall be carried in independent tanks with a design pressure of not less than 0.06
MPa gauge.
15.3.12 All openings shall be located on the top of the tank, above the deck.
15.3.13 Gaskets used in the containment system shall be of a material which does not react with, or
dissolve in, carbon disulphide.
15.3.14 Threaded joints shall not be permitted in the cargo containment system, including the vapour lines.
15.3.15 Prior to loading, the tank(s) shall be inerted with suitable inert gas until the oxygen level is 2% by
volume or lower. Means shall be provided to automatically maintain a positive pressure in the tank using
suitable inert gas during loading, transport and discharge. The system shall be able to maintain this positive
pressure between 0.01 and 0.02 MPa, and shall be remotely monitored and fitted with over/underpressure
alarms.
15.3.16 Hold spaces surrounding an independent tank carrying carbon disulphide shall be inerted by a
suitable inert gas until the oxygen level is 2% or less. Means shall be provided to monitor and maintain
this condition throughout the voyage. Means shall also be provided to sample these spaces for carbon
disulphide vapour.
15.3.17 Carbon disulphide shall be loaded, transported and discharged in such a manner that venting to the
atmosphere does not occur. If carbon disulphide vapour is returned to shore during loading or to the ship
during discharge, the vapour return system shall be independent of all other containment systems.
15.3.18 Carbon disulphide shall be discharged only by submerged deepwell pumps or by a suitable inert gas
displacement. The submerged deepwell pumps shall be operated in a way that prevents heat build-up in
the pump. The pump shall also be equipped with a temperature sensor in the pump housing with remote
readout and alarm in the cargo control room. The alarm shall be set at 80°C. The pump shall also be fitted
with an automatic shut-down device to be activated if the tank pressure falls below atmospheric pressure
during the discharge.
15.3.19 Air shall not be allowed to enter the cargo tank, cargo pump or lines while carbon disulphide is
contained in the system.
15.3.20 No other cargo handling, tank cleaning or deballasting shall take place concurrent with loading or
discharge of carbon disulphide.
15.3.21 A water spray system of sufficient capacity shall be provided to blanket effectively the area
surrounding the loading manifold, the exposed deck piping associated with product handling and the tank
domes. The arrangement of piping and nozzles shall be such as to give an uniform distribution rate of
10 l/m2/min. Remote manual operation shall be arranged such that remote starting of pumps supplying
the water-spray system and remote operation of any normally closed valves in the system can be carried
out from a suitable location outside the cargo area adjacent to the accommodation spaces and readily
accessible and operable in the event of fire in the areas protected. The water-spray system shall be capable
of both local and remote manual operation, and the arrangement shall ensure that any spilled cargo is
washed away. Additionally, a water hose with pressure to the nozzle when atmospheric temperature
permits, shall be connected ready for immediate use during loading and unloading operations.
15.3.22 No cargo tanks shall be more than 98% liquid-full at the reference temperature (R).
15.3.23 The maximum volume (VL) of cargo to be loaded in a tank shall be:
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where:
V = volume of the tank
#R = density of cargo at the reference temperature (R)
#L = density of cargo at the loading temperature
R = reference temperature
15.3.24 The maximum allowable tank filling limits for each cargo tank shall be indicated for each loading
temperature which may be applied, and for the applicable maximum reference temperature, on a list
approved by the Administration. A copy of the list shall be permanently kept on board by the master.
15.3.25 Zones on open deck, or semi-enclosed spaces on open deck within three metres of a tank outlet,
gas or vapour outlet, cargo pipe flange or cargo valve of a tank certified to carry carbon disulphide, shall
comply with the electrical equipment requirements specified for carbon disulphide in column i, chapter 17.
Also, within the specified zone, no other heat sources, like steam piping with surface temperatures in excess
of 80°C shall be allowed.
15.3.26 Means shall be provided to ullage and sample the cargo without opening the tank or disturbing the
positive suitable inert gas blanket.
15.3.27 The product shall be transported only in accordance with a cargo handling plan that has been
approved by the Administration. Cargo handling plans shall show the entire cargo piping system. A copy of
the approved cargo handling plan shall be available on board. The International Certificate of Fitness for
the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk shall be endorsed to include reference to the approved cargo
handling plan.
15.04 Diethyl ether
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
15.4.1 Unless inerted, natural ventilation shall be provided for the voids around the cargo tanks while the
vessel is under way. If a mechanical ventilation system is installed, all blowers shall be of non-sparking
construction. Mechanical ventilation equipment shall not be located in the void spaces surrounding the
cargo tanks.
15.4.2 Pressure-relief-valve settings shall not be less than 0.02 MPa gauge for gravity tanks.
15.4.3 Inert-gas displacement may be used for discharging cargo from pressure tanks provided the cargo
system is designed for the expected pressure.
15.4.4 In view of the fire hazard, provision shall be made to avoid any ignition source or heat generation or
both in the cargo area.
15.4.5 Pumps may be used for discharging cargo, provided that they are of a type designed to avoid liquid
pressure against the shaft gland or are of a hydraulically operated submerged type and are suitable for use
with the cargo.
15.4.6 Provision shall be made to maintain the inert-gas pad in the cargo tank during loading, unloading
and transit.
15.05 Hydrogen peroxide solutions
15.5.1 Hydrogen peroxide solutions over 60% but not over 70% by mass
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
15.5.1.1 Hydrogen peroxide solutions over 60% but not over 70% by mass shall be carried in dedicated
ships only and no other cargoes shall be carried.
15.5.1.2 Cargo tanks and associated equipment shall be either pure aluminium (99.5%) or solid stainless
steel (304L, 316, 316L or 316Ti), and passivated in accordance with approved procedures. Aluminium shall
Pagina 46 van 120
IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
not be used for piping on deck. All nonmetallic materials of construction for the containment system shall
neither be attacked by hydrogen peroxide nor contribute to its decomposition.
15.5.1.3 Pump-rooms shall not be used for cargo-transfer operations.
15.5.1.4 Cargo tanks shall be separated by cofferdams from oil fuel tanks or any other space containing
flammable or combustible materials.
15.5.1.5 Tanks intended for the carriage of hydrogen peroxide shall not be used for seawater ballast.
15.5.1.6 Temperature sensors shall be installed at the top and bottom of the tank. Remote temperature
readouts and continuous monitoring shall be located on the navigating bridge. If the temperature in the
tanks rises above 35°C, visible and audible alarms shall be activated on the navigating bridge.
15.5.1.7 Fixed oxygen monitors (or gas-sampling lines) shall be provided in void spaces adjacent to tanks
to detect leakage of the cargo into these spaces. Remote readouts, continuous monitoring (if gas-sampling
lines are used, intermittent sampling is satisfactory) and visible and audible alarms similar to those for the
temperature sensors shall also be located on the navigating bridge. The visible and audible alarms shall be
activated if the oxygen concentration in these void spaces exceeds 30% by volume. Two portable oxygen
monitors shall also be available as back-up systems.
15.5.1.8 As a safeguard against uncontrolled decomposition, a cargo-jettisoning system shall be installed
to discharge the cargo overboard. The cargo shall be jettisoned if the temperature rise of the cargo exceeds
a rate of 2°C per hour over a 5-hour period or when the temperature in the tank exceeds 40°C.
15.5.1.9 Cargo tank venting systems shall have pressure/vacuum-relief valves for normal controlled
venting, and rupture discs or a similar device for emergency venting, should tank pressure rise rapidly as a
result of uncontrolled decomposition. Rupture discs shall be sized on the basis of tank design pressure, tank
size and anticipated decomposition rate.
15.5.1.10 A fixed water-spray system shall be provided for diluting and washing away any concentrated
hydrogen peroxide solution spilled on deck. The areas covered by the water-spray shall include the
manifold/hose connections and the tank tops of those tanks designated for carrying hydrogen peroxide
solutions. The minimum application rate shall satisfy the following criteria:
1. The product shall be diluted from the original concentration to 35% by mass within 5 minutes of the
spill.
2. The rate and estimated size of the spill shall be based upon maximum anticipated loading and
discharge rates, the time required to stop flow of cargo in the event of tank overfill or a piping/hose
failure, and the time necessary to begin application of dilution water with actuation at the cargo
control location or on the navigating bridge.
15.5.1.11 Only those hydrogen peroxide solutions which have a maximum decomposition rate of 1%
per year at 25°C shall be carried. Certification from the shipper that the product meets this standard shall
be presented to the master and kept on board. A technical representative of the manufacturer shall be
on board to monitor the transfer operations and have the capability to test the stability of the hydrogen
peroxide. He shall certify to the master that the cargo has been loaded in a stable condition.
15.5.1.12 Protective clothing that is resistant to hydrogen peroxide solutions shall be provided for each
crew member involved in cargo-transfer operations. Protective clothing shall include nonflammable
coveralls, suitable gloves, boots and eye protection.
15.5.2 Hydrogen peroxide solutions over 8% but not over 60% by mass
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
15.5.2.1 The ship’s shell plating shall not form any boundaries of tanks containing this product.
15.5.2.2 Hydrogen peroxide shall be carried in tanks thoroughly and effectively cleaned of all traces of
previous cargoes and their vapours or ballast. Procedures for inspection, cleaning, passivation and loading
of tanks shall be in accordance with MSC/Circ.394. A certificate shall be on board the vessel indicating
that the procedures in the circular have been followed. The passivation requirement may be waived by
an Administration for domestic shipments of short duration. Particular care in this respect is essential to
ensure the safe carriage of hydrogen peroxide:
1. When hydrogen peroxide is carried no other cargoes shall be carried simultaneously.
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2. Tanks which have contained hydrogen peroxide may be used for other cargoes after cleaning in
accordance with the procedures outlined in MSC/Circ.394.
3. Consideration in design shall provide minimum internal tank structure, free draining, no entrapment
and ease of visual inspection.
15.5.2.3 Cargo tanks and associated equipment shall be either pure aluminium (99.5%) or solid stainless
steel of types suitable for use with hydrogen peroxide (e.g. 304, 304L, 316, 316L, 316Ti). Aluminium shall
not be used for piping on deck. All non-metallic materials of construction for the containment system shall
neither be attacked by hydrogen peroxide nor contribute to its decomposition.
15.5.2.4 Cargo tanks shall be separated by a cofferdam from fuel oil tanks or any other space containing
materials incompatible with hydrogen peroxide.
15.5.2.5 Temperature sensors shall be installed at the top and bottom of the tank. Remote temperature
readouts and continuous monitoring shall be located on the navigating bridge. If the temperature in the
tank rises above 35°C, visible and audible alarms shall activate on the navigating bridge.
15.5.2.6 Fixed oxygen monitors (or gas-sampling lines) shall be provided in void spaces adjacent to tanks
to detect leakage of the cargo into these spaces. The enhancement of flammability by oxygen enrichment
shall be recognized. Remote readouts, continuous monitoring (if gas-sampling lines are used, intermittent
sampling is satisfactory) and visible and audible alarms similar to those for the temperature sensors
shall also be located on the navigating bridge. The visible and audible alarms shall activate if the oxygen
concentration in these void spaces exceeds 30% by volume. Two portable oxygen monitors shall also be
available as back-up systems.
15.5.2.7 As a safeguard against uncontrolled decomposition, a cargo-jettisoning system shall be installed
to discharge the cargo overboard. The cargo shall be jettisoned if the temperature rise of the cargo exceeds
a rate of 2°C per hour over a 5-hour period or when the temperature in the tank exceeds 40°C.
15.5.2.8 Cargo tank venting systems with filtration shall have pressure/vacuum-relief valves for normal
controlled venting, and a device for emergency venting, should tank pressure rise rapidly as a result of an
uncontrolled decomposition rate, as stipulated in 15.5.2.7. These venting systems shall be designed in such
a manner that there is no introduction of seawater into the cargo tank even under heavy sea conditions.
Emergency venting shall be sized on the basis of tank design pressure and tank size.
15.5.2.9 A fixed water-spray system shall be provided for diluting and washing away any concentrated
solution spilled on deck. The areas covered by the water-spray shall include the manifold/hose connections
and the tank tops of those tanks designated for the carriage of hydrogen peroxide solutions. The minimum
application rate shall satisfy the following criteria:
1. The product shall be diluted from the original concentration to 35% by mass within 5 minutes of the
spill.
2. The rate and estimated size of the spill shall be based upon maximum anticipated loading and
discharge rates, the time required to stop flow of the cargo in the event of tank overfill or a piping/
hose failure, and the time necessary to begin application of dilution water with actuation at the cargo
control location or on the navigating bridge.
15.5.2.10 Only those hydrogen peroxide solutions which have a maximum decomposition rate of 1%
per year at 25°C shall be carried. Certification from the shipper that the product meets this standard shall
be presented to the master and kept on board. A technical representative of the manufacturer shall be
on board to monitor the transfer operations and have the capability to test the stability of the hydrogen
peroxide. He shall certify to the master that the cargo has been loaded in a stable condition.
15.5.2.11 Protective clothing that is resistant to hydrogen peroxide shall be provided for each crew member
involved in cargo-transfer operations. Protective clothing shall include coveralls that are nonflammable,
suitable gloves, boots and eye protection.
15.5.2.12 During transfer of hydrogen peroxide the related piping system shall be separated from all other
systems. Cargo hoses used for transfer of hydrogen peroxide shall be marked "FOR HYDROGEN PEROXIDE
TRANSFER ONLY".
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IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
15.5.3 Procedures for inspection, cleaning, passivation and loading of tanks
for the carriage of hydrogen peroxide solutions 8-60%, which have contained
other cargoes, or for the carriage of other cargoes after the carriage of hydrogen
peroxide
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
15.5.3.1 Tanks having contained cargoes other than hydrogen peroxide shall be inspected, cleaned and
passivated before re-use for the transport of hydrogen peroxide solutions. The procedures for inspection
and cleaning, as given in paragraphs 15.5.3.2 to 15.5.3.8 below, apply to both stainless steel and pure
aluminium tanks (see paragraph 15.5.2.2). Procedures for passivation are given in paragraph 15.5.3.9 for
stainless steel and 15.5.3.10 for aluminium. Unless otherwise specified, all steps apply to the tanks and to
all associated equipment having been in contact with the other cargo.
15.5.3.2 After unloading the previous cargo the tank shall be rendered safe and inspected for any residues,
scale and rust.
15.5.3.3 Tanks and associated equipment shall be washed with clean filtered water. The water to be used
shall at least have the quality of potable water with a low chlorine content.
15.5.3.4 Trace residues and vapours of the previous cargo shall be removed by steaming of tank and
equipment.
15.5.3.5 Tank and equipment are washed again with clean water (quality as above) and dried, using filtered,
oil-free air.
15.5.3.6 The atmosphere in the tank shall be sampled and investigated for the presence of organic vapours
and oxygen concentration.
15.5.3.7 The tank shall be checked again by visual inspection for residues of the previous cargo, scale and
rust as well as for any smell of the previous cargo.
15.5.3.8 If inspection or measurements indicate the presence of residues of the previous cargo or its
vapours, actions described in paragraphs 15.5.3.3 to 15.5.3.5 shall be repeated.
15.5.3.9 Tank and equipment made from stainless steel which have contained other cargoes than hydrogen
peroxide or which have been under repair shall be cleaned and passivated, regardless of any previous
passivation, according to the following procedure:
1. New welds and other repaired parts shall be cleaned and finished using stainless steel wire brush,
chisel, sandpaper or buff. Rough surfaces shall be given a smooth finish. A final polishing is necessary.
2. Fatty and oily residues shall be removed by the use of appropriate organic solvents or detergent
solutions in water. The use of chlorine-containing compounds shall be avoided as they can seriously
interfere with passivation.
3. The residues of the degreasing agent shall be removed, followed by a washing with water.
4. In the next step, scale and rust shall be removed by the application of acid (e.g. a mixture of nitric and
hydrofluoric acids), followed again by a washing with clean water.
5. All the metal surfaces which can come into contact with hydrogen peroxide shall be passivated by
the application of nitric acid of a concentration between 10 and 35% by mass. The nitric acid must
be free from heavy metals, other oxidizing agents or hydrogen fluoride. The passivation process
shall continue for 8 to 24 h, depending upon the concentration of acid, the ambient temperature
and other factors. During this time a continuous contact between the surfaces to be passivated and
the nitric acid shall be ensured. In the case of large surfaces this may be achieved by recirculating
the acid. Hydrogen gas may be evolved in the passivation process, leading to the presence of an
explosive atmosphere in the tanks. Therefore, appropriate measures must be taken to avoid the
build-up or the ignition of such an atmosphere.
6. After passivation the surfaces shall be thoroughly washed with clean filtered water. The washing
process shall be repeated until the effluent water has the same pH value as the incoming water.
7. Surfaces treated according to the above steps may cause some decomposition when coming into
contact with hydrogen peroxide for the first time. This decomposition will cease after a short time
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(usually within two or three days). Therefore an additional flushing with hydrogen peroxide for a
period of at least two days is recommended.
8. Only degreasing agents and acid cleaning agents which have been recommended for this purpose by
the manufacturer of the hydrogen peroxide shall be used in the process.
15.5.3.10 Tanks and equipment made from aluminium and which have contained cargoes other than
hydrogen peroxide, or which have been under repair, shall be cleaned and passivated. The following is an
example of a recommended procedure:
1. The tank shall be washed with a solution of a sulphonated detergent in hot water, followed by a
washing with water.
2. The surface shall then be treated for 15 to 20 min with a solution of sodium hydroxide of a
concentration of 7% by mass or treated for a longer period with a less concentrated solution (e.g.
for 12 h with 0.4 to 0.5% sodium hydroxide). To prevent excessive corrosion at the bottom of the
tank when treating with more concentrated solutions of sodium hydroxide, water shall be added
continuously to dilute the sodium hydroxide solution which collects there.
3. The tank shall be thoroughly washed with clean, filtered water. As soon as possible after washing, the
surface shall be passivated by the application of nitric acid of a concentration between 30 and 35%
by mass. The passivation process shall continue for 16 to 24 h. During this time a continuous contact
between the surfaces to be passivated and the nitric acid shall be ensured.
4. After passivation the surfaces shall be thoroughly washed with clean, filtered water. The washing
process shall be repeated until the effluent water has the same pH value as the incoming water.
5. A visual inspection shall be made to ensure that all surfaces have been treated. It is recommended
that an additional flushing is carried out for a minimum of 24 h with dilute hydrogen peroxide
solution of a concentration approximately 3% by mass.
15.5.3.11 The concentration and stability of the hydrogen peroxide solution to be loaded shall be
determined.
15.5.3.12 The hydrogen peroxide is loaded under intermittent visual supervision of the interior of the tank
from an appropriate opening.
15.5.3.13 If substantial bubbling is observed which does not disappear within 15 min after the completion
of loading, the contents of the tank shall be unloaded and disposed of in an environmentally safe manner.
The tank and equipment shall then be repassivated as described above.
15.5.3.14 The concentration and stability of the hydrogen peroxide solution shall be determined again. If
the same values are obtained within the limits of error as in paragraph 15.5.3.10, the tank is considered to
be properly passivated and the cargo ready for shipment.
15.5.3.15 Actions described in paragraphs 15.5.3.2 to 15.5.3.8 shall be carried out under the supervision of
the master or shipper. Actions described in paragraphs 15.5.3.9 to 15.5.3.15 shall be carried out under the
on-site supervision and responsibility of a representative of the hydrogen peroxide manufacturer or under
supervision and responsibility of another person familiar with the safety-relevant properties of hydrogen
peroxide.
15.5.3.16 The following procedure shall be applied when tanks having contained hydrogen peroxide
solution are to be used for other products (unless otherwise specified, all steps apply to the tanks and to all
associated equipment having been in contact with hydrogen peroxide):
1. Hydrogen peroxide cargo residue shall be drained as completely as possible from tanks and
equipment.
2. Tanks and equipment shall be rinsed with clean water, and subsequently thoroughly washed with
clean water.
3. The interior of the tank shall be dried and inspected for any residues.
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dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
Steps .1 to .3, in 15.5.3.16, shall be carried out under the supervision of the master or the shipper. Step .3
in paragraph 15.5.3.16 shall be carried out by a person familiar with the safety-relevant properties of the
chemical to be transported and of hydrogen peroxide.
SPECIAL CAUTIONS :
1. Hydrogen peroxide decomposition may enrich the atmosphere with oxygen and appropriate
precautions shall be observed.
2. Hydrogen gas may be evolved in the passivation processes described in paragraphs 15.5.3.9.5,
15.5.3.10.2 and 15.5.3.10.4, leading to the presence of an explosive atmosphere in the tank.
Therefore, appropriate measures must be taken to avoid the build-up or the ignition of such an
atmosphere.
15.06 Motor fuel anti-knock compounds (containing lead alkyls)
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
15.6.1 Tanks used for these cargoes shall not be used for the transportation of any other cargo except those
commodities to be used in the manufacture of motor fuel anti-knock compounds containing lead alkyls.
15.6.2 If a cargo pump-room is located on deck level according to 15.18, the ventilation arrangements shall
be in compliance with 15.17.
15.6.3 Entry into cargo tanks used for the transportation of these cargoes is not permitted unless approved
by the Administration.
15.6.4 Air analysis shall be made for lead content to determine if the atmosphere is satisfactory prior to
allowing personnel to enter the cargo pump-room or void spaces surrounding the cargo tank.
15.07 Phosphorus, yellow or white
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
15.7.1 Phosphorus shall, at all times, be loaded, carried and discharged under a water pad of 760 mm
minimum depth. During discharge operations, arrangements shall be made to ensure that water occupies
the volume of phosphorus discharged. Any water discharged from a phosphorus tank shall be returned only
to a shore installation.
15.7.2 Tanks shall be designed and tested to a minimum equivalent water head of 2.4 m above the top of
the tank, under designed loading conditions, taking into account the depth, relative density and method of
loading and discharge of the phosphorus.
15.7.3 Tanks shall be so designed as to minimize the interfacial area between the liquid phosphorus and its
water pad.
15.7.4 A minimum ullage space of 1% shall be maintained above the water pad. The ullage space shall be
filled with inert gas or naturally ventilated by two cowled standpipes terminating at different heights but at
least 6 m above the deck and at least 2 m above the pump-house top.
15.7.5 All openings shall be at the top of cargo tanks, and fittings and joints attached thereto shall be of
materials resistant to phosphorus pentoxide.
15.7.6 Phosphorus shall be loaded at a temperature not exceeding 60°C.
15.7.7 Tank heating arrangements shall be external to tanks and have a suitable method of temperature
control to ensure that the temperature of the phosphorus does not exceed 60°C. A high-temperature alarm
shall be fitted.
15.7.8 A water drench system acceptable to the Administration shall be installed in all void spaces
surrounding the tanks. The system shall operate automatically in the event of an escape of phosphorus.
15.7.9 Void spaces referred to in 15.7.8 shall be provided with effective means of mechanical ventilation
which shall be capable of being sealed off quickly in an emergency.
15.7.10 Loading and discharge of phosphorus shall be governed by a central system on the ship which, in
addition to incorporating high-level alarms, shall ensure that no overflow of tanks is possible and that such
operations can be stopped quickly in an emergency from either ship or shore.
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dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
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15.7.11 During cargo transfer, a water hose on deck shall be connected to a water supply and kept
flowing throughout the operation so that any spillage of phosphorus may be washed down with water
immediately.
15.7.12 Ship-to-shore loading and discharge connections shall be of a type approved by the
Administration.
15.08 Propylene oxide or ethylene oxide/propylene oxide
mixtures with an ethylene oxide content of not more than 30%
by mass
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
15.8.1 Products transported under the provisions of this section shall be acetylene-free.
15.8.2 Unless cargo tanks are properly cleaned, these products shall not be carried in tanks which have
contained as one of the three previous cargoes any products known to catalyse polymerization, such as:
1. mineral acids (e.g. sulphuric, hydrochloric, nitric);
2. carboxylic acids and anhydrides (e.g. formic, acetic);
3. halogenated carboxylic acids (e.g. chloracetic);
4. sulphonic acids (e.g. benzenesulphonic);
5. caustic alkalis (e.g. sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide);
6. ammonia and ammonia solutions;
7. amines and amine solutions; and
8. oxidizing substances.
15.8.3 Before loading, tanks shall be thoroughly and effectively cleaned, to remove all traces of previous
cargoes from tanks and associated pipework, except where the immediately prior cargo has been propylene
oxide or ethylene oxide/propylene oxide mixtures. Particular care shall be taken in the case of ammonia in
tanks made of steel other than stainless steel.
15.8.4 In all cases, the effectiveness of cleaning procedures for tanks and associated pipework shall be
checked by suitable testing or inspection, to ascertain that no traces of acidic or alkaline materials remain
that might create a hazardous situation in the presence of these products.
15.8.5 Tanks shall be entered and inspected prior to each initial loading of these products to ensure
freedom from contamination, heavy rust deposits and visible structural defects. When cargo tanks are in
continuous service for these products, such inspections shall be performed at intervals of not more than
two years.
15.8.6 Tanks for the carriage of these products shall be of steel or stainless steel construction.
15.8.7 Tanks for the carriage of these products may be used for other cargoes after thorough cleaning of
tanks and associated pipework systems by washing or purging.
15.8.8 All valves, flanges, fittings and accessory equipment shall be of a type suitable for use with the
products and shall be constructed of steel or stainless steel in accordance with recognized standards. Discs
or disc faces, seats and other wearing parts of valves shall be made of stainless steel containing not less
than 11% chromium.
15.8.9 Gaskets shall be constructed of materials which do not react with, dissolve in, or lower the
autoignition temperature of these products and which are fire-resistant and possess adequate mechanical
behaviour. The surface presented to the cargo shall be polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), or materials giving
a similar degree of safety by their inertness. Spirally wound stainless steel, with a filler of PTFE or similar
fluorinated polymer, may be accepted.
15.8.10 Insulation and packing, if used, shall be of a material which does not react with, dissolve in, or
lower the autoignition temperature of these products.
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dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
15.8.11 The following materials are generally found unsatisfactory for gaskets, packing and similar uses
in containment systems for these products and would require testing before being approved by the
Administration:
1. neoprene or natural rubber, if it comes into contact with the products.
2. asbestos, or binders used with asbestos.
3. materials containing oxides of magnesium, such as mineral wools.
15.8.12 Threaded joints shall not be permitted in the cargo liquid and vapour lines.
15.8.13 Filling and discharge piping shall extend to within 100 mm of the bottom of the tank or any sump
pit.
15.8.14.1 The containment system for a tank containing these products shall have a valved vapour-return
connection.
15.8.14.2 The products shall be loaded and discharged in such a manner that venting of the tanks to
atmosphere does not occur. If vapour return to shore is used during tank loading, the vapourreturn system
connected to a containment system for the product shall be independent of all other containment systems.
15.8.14.3 During discharge operations, the pressure in the cargo tank must be maintained above 0.007
MPa gauge.
15.8.15 The cargo may be discharged only by deepwell pumps, hydraulically operated submerged pumps,
or inert-gas displacement. Each cargo pump shall be arranged to ensure that the product does not heat
significantly if the discharge line from the pump is shut off or otherwise blocked.
15.8.16 Tanks carrying these products shall be vented independently of tanks carrying other products.
Facilities shall be provided for sampling the tank contents without opening the tank to atmosphere.
15.8.17 Cargo hoses used for transfer of these products shall be marked "FOR ALKYLENE OXIDE TRANSFER
ONLY".
15.8.18 Cargo tanks, void spaces and other enclosed spaces adjacent to an integral gravity cargo tank
carrying propylene oxide shall either contain a compatible cargo (those cargoes specified in 15.8.2 are
examples of substances considered incompatible) or be inerted by injection of a suitable inert gas. Any hold
space in which an independent cargo tank is located shall be inerted. Such inerted spaces and tanks shall be
monitored for these products and oxygen. The oxygen content of these spaces shall be maintained below
2%. Portable sampling equipment is satisfactory.
15.8.19 In no case shall air be allowed to enter the cargo pump or piping system while these products are
contained within the system.
15.8.20 Prior to disconnecting shore-lines, the pressure in liquid and vapour lines shall be relieved through
suitable valves installed at the loading header. Liquid and vapour from these lines shall not be discharged to
atmosphere.
15.8.21 Propylene oxide may be carried in pressure tanks or in independent or integral gravity tanks.
Ethylene oxide/propylene oxide mixtures shall be carried in independent gravity tanks or pressure tanks.
Tanks shall be designed for the maximum pressure expected to be encountered during loading, conveying
and discharging cargo.
15.8.22.1 Tanks for the carriage of propylene oxide with a design pressure less than 0.06 MPa gauge and
tanks for the carriage of ethylene oxide/propylene oxide mixtures with a design pressure of less than 0.12
MPa gauge shall have a cooling system to maintain the cargo below the reference temperature.
15.8.22.2 The refrigeration requirement for tanks with a design pressure less than 0.06 MPa gauge may be
waived by the Administration for ships operating in restricted areas or on voyages of restricted duration,
and account may be taken in such cases of any insulation of the tanks. The area and times of year for
which such carriage would be permitted shall be included in the conditions of carriage of the International
Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk.
15.8.23.1 Any cooling system shall maintain the liquid temperature below the boiling temperature at
the containment pressure. At least two complete cooling plants, automatically regulated by variations
within the tanks, shall be provided. Each cooling plant shall be complete with the necessary auxiliaries for
proper operation. The control system shall also be capable of being manually operated. An alarm shall
be provided to indicate malfunctioning of the temperature controls. The capacity of each cooling system
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shall be sufficient to maintain the temperature of the liquid cargo below the reference temperature of the
system.
15.8.23.2 An alternative arrangement may consist of three cooling plants, any two of which shall be
sufficient to maintain the liquid temperature below the reference temperature.
15.8.23.3 Cooling media which are separated from the products by a single wall only shall be nonreactive
with the products.
15.8.23.4 Cooling systems requiring compression of the products shall not be used.
15.8.24 Pressure-relief-valve settings shall not be less than 0.02 MPa gauge and for pressure tanks not
greater than 0.7 MPa gauge for the carriage of propylene oxide and not greater than 0.53 MPa gauge for
the carriage of propylene oxide/ethylene oxide mixtures. 15.8.25.1 The piping system for tanks to be
loaded with these products shall be separated (as defined in 3.1.4) from piping systems for all other tanks,
including empty tanks. If the piping system for the tanks to be loaded is not independent (as defined in
1.3.18), the required piping separation shall be accomplished by the removal of spool-pieces, valves, or
other pipe section and the installation of blank flanges at these locations. The required separation applies
to all liquid and vapour piping, liquid and vapour vent lines and any other possible connections, such as
common inert-gas supply lines.
15.8.25.2 These products may be transported only in accordance with cargo-handling plans that have
been approved by the Administration. Each intended loading arrangement shall be shown on a separate
cargo-handling plan. Cargo-handling plans shall show the entire cargo piping system and the locations
for installation of blank flanges needed to meet the above piping separation requirements. A copy of
each approved cargo-handling plan shall be maintained on board the ship. The International Certificate
of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk shall be endorsed to include reference to the
approved cargo-handling plans.
15.8.25.3 Before each initial loading of these products and before every subsequent return to such service,
certification verifying that the required piping separation has been achieved shall be obtained from a
responsible person acceptable to the port Administration and carried on board the ship. Each connection
between a blank flange and a pipeline flange shall be fitted with a wire and seal by the responsible person
to ensure that in-advertent removal of the blank flange is impossible.
15.8.26.1 No cargo tanks shall be more than 98% liquid-full at the reference temperature.
15.8.26.2 The maximum volume to which a cargo tank shall be loaded is:
Where
VL = maximum volume to which the tank may be loaded
V = volume of the tank
#R = density of cargo at the reference temperature
#L= density of cargo at the loading temperature and pressure
15.8.26.3 The maximum allowable tank filling limits for each cargo tank shall be indicated for each loading
temperature which may be applied and for the applicable maximum reference temperature, on a list to be
approved by the Administration. A copy of the list shall be permanently kept on board by the master.
15.8.27 The cargo shall be carried under a suitable protective padding of nitrogen gas. An automatic
nitrogen make-up system shall be installed to prevent the tank pressure falling below 0.007 MPa gauge in
the event of product temperature fall due to ambient conditions or maloperation of refrigeration systems.
Sufficient nitrogen shall be available on board to satisfy the demand of the automatic pressure control.
Nitrogen of commercially pure quality (99.9% by volume) shall be used for padding. A battery of nitrogen
bottles connected to the cargo tanks through a pressure-reduction valve satisfies the intention of the
expression "automatic" in this context.
15.8.28 The cargo tank vapour space shall be tested prior to and after loading to ensure that the oxygen
content is 2% by volume or less.
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dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
15.8.29 A water-spray system of sufficient capacity shall be provided to blanket effectively the area
surrounding the loading manifold, the exposed deck piping associated with product handling, and the
tank domes. The arrangement of piping and nozzles shall be such as to give a uniform distribution rate of
10 l/m2/min. Remote manual operation shall be arranged such that remote starting of pumps supplying
the water-spray system and remote operation of any normally closed valves in the system can be carried
out from a suitable location outside the cargo area, adjacent to the accommodation spaces and readily
accessible and operable in the event of fire in the areas protected. The water-spray system shall be capable
of both local and remote manual operation, and the arrangement shall ensure that any spilled cargo is
washed away. Additionally, a water hose with pressure to the nozzle, when atmospheric temperatures
permit, shall be connected ready for immediate use during loading and unloading operations.
15.8.30 A remotely operated, controlled closing-rate, shutoff valve shall be provided at each cargo-hose
connection used during cargo transfer.
15.09 Sodium chlorate solution (50% or less by mass)
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15.9.1 Tanks and associated equipment, which have contained this product may be used for other cargoes
after thorough cleaning by washing or purging.
15.9.2 In the event of spillage of this product, all spilled liquid shall be thoroughly washed away without
delay. To minimize fire risk, spillage shall not be allowed to dry out.
15.10 Sulphur (molten)
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15.10.1 Cargo tank ventilation shall be provided to maintain the concentration of hydrogen sulphide below
one half of its lower explosive limit through-out the cargo tank vapour space for all conditions of carriage
(i.e. below 1.85% by volume).
15.10.2 Where mechanical ventilation systems are used for maintaining low gas concentrations in cargo
tanks, an alarm system shall be provided to give warning if the system fails.
15.10.3 Ventilation systems shall be so designed and arranged as to preclude depositing of sulphur within
the system.
15.10.4 Openings to void spaces adjacent to cargo tanks shall be so designed and fitted as to prevent the
entry of water, sulphur or cargo vapour.
15.10.5 Connections shall be provided to permit sampling and analysing of vapour in void spaces.
15.10.6 Cargo temperature controls shall be provided to ensure that the temperature of the sulphur does
not exceed 155°C.
15.10.7 Sulphur (molten) has a flashpoint above 60°C ; however, electrical equipment shall be certified safe
for gases evolved.
15.11 Acids
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15.11.1 The ship’s shell plating shall not form any boundaries of tanks containing mineral acids.
15.11.2 Proposals for lining steel tanks and related piping systems with corrosion-resistant materials may
be considered by the Administration. The elasticity of the lining shall not be less than that of the supporting
boundary plating.
15.11.3 Unless constructed wholly of corrosion-resistant materials or fitted with an approved lining, the
plating thickness shall take into account the corrosivity of the cargo.
15.11.4 Flanges of the loading and discharge manifold connections shall be provided with shields, which
may be portable, to guard against the danger of the cargo being sprayed; and in addition, drip trays shall
also be provided to guard against leakage on to the deck.
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15.11.5 Because of the danger of evolution of hydrogen when these substances are being carried, the
electrical arrangements shall comply with 10.1.4. The certified safe type equipment shall be suitable for use
in hydrogen/air mixtures. Other sources of ignition shall not be permitted in such spaces.
15.11.6 Substances subjected to the requirements of this section shall be segregated from oil fuel tanks, in
addition to the segregation requirements in 3.1.1.
15.11.7 Provision shall be made for suitable apparatus to detect leakage of cargo into adjacent spaces.
15.11.8 The cargo pump-room bilge pumping and drainage arrangements shall be of corrosion-resistant
materials.
15.12 Toxic products
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15.12.1 Exhaust openings of tank vent systems shall be located:
1. at a height of B/3 or 6 m, whichever is greater, above the weather deck or, in the case of a deck tank,
the access gangway;
2. not less than 6 m above the fore-and-aft gangway, if fitted within 6 m of the gangway;
3. 15 m from any opening or air intake to any accommodation and service spaces; and
4. the vent height may be reduced to 3 m above the deck or fore-and-aft gangway, as applicable,
provided high-velocity vent valves of an approved type, directing the vapour/air mixture upwards in
an unimpeded jet with an exit velocity of at least 30 m/s, are fitted.
15.12.2 Tank venting systems shall be provided with a connection for a vapour-return line to the shore
installation.
15.12.3 Products shall:
1. not be stowed adjacent to oil fuel tanks;
2. have separate piping systems; and
3. have tank vent systems separate from tanks containing non-toxic products.
15.12.4 Cargo tank relief-valve settings shall be a minimum of 0.02 MPa gauge.
15.13 Cargoes protected by additives
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15.13.1 Certain cargoes with a reference in column o in the table of chapter 17, by the nature of their
chemical make-up, tend, under certain conditions of temperature, exposure to air or contact with a
catalyst, to undergo polymerization, decomposition, oxidation or other chemical changes. Mitigation of
this tendency is carried out by introducing small amounts of chemical additives into the liquid cargo or
controlling the cargo tank environment.
15.13.2 Ships carrying these cargoes shall be so designed as to eliminate from the cargo tanks and cargohandling system any material of construction or contaminants which could act as a catalyst or destroy the
inhibitor.
15.13.3 Care shall be taken to ensure that these cargoes are sufficiently protected to prevent deleterious
chemical change at all times during the voyage. Ships carrying such cargoes shall be provided with a
certificate of protection from the manufacturer, and kept during the voyage, specifying:
1. the name and amount of additive present;
2. whether the additive is oxygen-dependent;
3. date additive was put in the product and duration of effectiveness;
4. any temperature limitations qualifying the additives’ effective lifetime; and
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dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
5. the action to be taken shall the length of voyage exceed the effective lifetime of the additives.
15.13.4 Ships using the exclusion of air as the method of preventing oxidation of the cargo shall comply
with 9.1.3.
15.13.5 A product containing an oxygen-dependent additive shall be carried without inertion (in tanks of
a size not greater than 3,000 m3). Such cargoes shall not be carried in a tank requiring inertion under the
requirements of SOLAS chapter II-2*.
15.13.6 Venting systems shall be of a design that eliminates blockage from polymer build-up. Venting
equipment shall be of a type that can be checked periodically for adequacy of operation.
15.13.7 Crystallization or solidification of cargoes normally carried in the molten state can lead to depletion
of inhibitor in parts of the tank’s contents. Subsequent remelting can thus yield pockets of uninhibited
liquid, with the accompanying risk of dangerous polymerization. To prevent this, care shall be taken to
ensure that at no time are such cargoes allowed to crystallize or solidify, either wholly or partially, in any
part of the tank. Any required heating arrangements shall be such as to ensure that in no part of the tank
does cargo become overheated to such an extent that any dangerous polymerization can be initiated. If the
temperature from steam coils would induce overheating, an indirect low-temperature heating system shall
be used.
* For equivalency arrangements for the carriage of styrene monomer, see MSC/Circ.879 and MSC/Circ.879/
Corr.1
15.14 Cargoes with a vapour pressure greater than 0.1013 MPa
absolute at 37.8°C
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15.14.1 For a cargo referenced in column o in the table of chapter 17 to this section, a mechanical
refrigeration system shall be provided unless the cargo system is designed to withstand the vapour
pressure of the cargo at 45°C. Where the cargo system is designed to withstand the vapour pressure of
the cargo at 45°C, and no refrigeration system is provided, a notation shall be made in the conditions
of carriage on the International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk to
indicate the required relief-valve setting for the tanks.
15.14.2 A mechanical refrigeration system shall maintain the liquid temperature below the boiling
temperature at the cargo tank design pressure.
15.14.3 When ships operate in restricted areas and at restricted times of the year, or on voyages of limited
duration, the Administration involved may agree to waive requirements for a refrigeration system. A
notation of any such agreement, listing geographic area restrictions and times of the year, or voyage
duration limitations, shall be included in the conditions of carriage on the International Certificate of Fitness
for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk.
15.14.4 Connections shall be provided for returning expelled gases to shore during loading.
15.14.5 Each tank shall be provided with a pressure gauge which indicates the pressure in the vapour space
above the cargo.
15.14.6 Where the cargo needs to be cooled, thermometers shall be provided at the top and bottom of
each tank.
15.14.7.1 No cargo tanks shall be more than 98% liquid-full at the reference temperature (R).
15.14.7.2 The maximum volume (VL) of cargo to be loaded in a tank shall be: Where
V = volume of the tank
¿R = density of cargo at the reference temperature (R)
¿L = density of cargo at the loading temperature
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15.14.7.3 The maximum allowable tank filling limits for each cargo tank shall be indicated for each loading
temperature which may be applied, and for the applicable maximum reference temperature, on a list
approved by the Administration. A copy of the list shall be permanently kept on board by the master.
15.15 Cargoes with low ignition temperature and wide
flammability range
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Deleted
15.16 Cargo contamination
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15.16.1 Deleted.
15.16.2 Where column o in the table of chapter 17 refers to this section, water shall not be allowed to
contaminate this cargo. In addition, the following provisions apply:
1. Air inlets to pressure/vacuum-relief valves of tanks containing the cargo shall be situated at least 2 m
above the weather deck.
2. Water or steam shall not be used as the heat-transfer media in a cargo temperature control system
required by chapter 7.
3. The cargo shall not be carried in cargo tanks adjacent to permanent ballast or water tanks unless the
tanks are empty and dry.
4. The cargo shall not be carried in tanks adjacent to slop tanks or cargo tanks containing ballast or
slops or other cargoes containing water which may react in a dangerous manner. Pumps, pipes or
vent lines serving such tanks shall be separate from similar equipment serving tanks containing the
cargo. Pipelines from slop tanks or ballast lines shall not pass through tanks containing the cargo
unless encased in a tunnel.
15.17 Increased ventilation requirements
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For certain products, the ventilation system as described in 12.1.3 shall have a minimum capacity of at least
45 changes of air per hour, based upon the total volume of space. The ventilation system exhaust ducts
shall discharge at least 10 m away from openings into accommodation spaces, work areas or other similar
spaces, and intakes to ventilation systems, and at least 4 m above the tank deck.
15.18 Special cargo pump-room requirements
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For certain products, the cargo pump-room shall be located on the deck level or cargo pumps shall be
located in the cargo tank. The Administration may give special consideration to cargo pump-rooms below
deck.
15.19 Overflow control
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15.19.1 The provisions of this section are applicable where specific reference is made in column o in the
table of chapter 17, and are in addition to the requirements for gauging devices.
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15.19.2 In the event of a power failure on any system essential for safe loading, an alarm shall be given to
the operators concerned.
15.19.3 Loading operations shall be terminated at once in the event of any system essential for safe loading
becoming inoperative.
15.19.4 Level alarms shall be capable of being tested prior to loading.
15.19.5 The high-level alarm system required under 15.19.6 shall be independent of the overflow-control
system required by 15.19.7 and shall be independent of the equipment required by 13.1.
15.19.6 Cargo tanks shall be fitted with a visual and audible high-level alarm which complies with 15.19.1
to 15.19.5 and which indicates when the liquid level in the cargo tank approaches the normal full condition.
15.19.7 A tank overflow-control system required by this section shall:
1. come into operation when the normal tank loading procedures fail to stop the tank liquid level
exceeding the normal full condition;
2. give a visual and audible tank-overflow alarm to the ship’s operator; and
3. provide an agreed signal for sequential shutdown of onshore pumps or valves or both and of the
ship’s valves. The signal, as well as the pump and valve shutdown, may be dependent on operator’s
intervention. The use of shipboard automatic closing valves shall be permitted only when specific
approval has been obtained from the Administration and the port State authority concerned.
15.19.8 The loading rate (LR) of the tank shall not exceed:
where U = ullage volume (m3) at operating signal level;
t = time(s) needed from the initiating signal to fully stopping the cargo flow into the tank, being the sum
of times needed for each step in sequential operations such as operator’s responses to signals, stopping
pumps and closing valves; and shall also take into account the pipeline system design pressure.
15.20 Alkyl (C7-C9) nitrates, all isomers
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15.20.1 The carriage temperature of the cargo shall be maintained below 100°C to prevent the occurrence
of a self-sustaining, exothermic decomposition reaction. 15.20.2 The cargo may not be carried in
independent pressure vessels permanently affixed to the vessel’s deck unless:
1. the tanks are sufficiently insulated from fire; and
2. the vessel has a water deluge system for the tanks such that the cargo temperature is maintained
below 100°C and the temperature rise in the tanks does not exceed 1.5°C per hour for a fire of 650°C.
15.21 Temperature sensors
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Temperature sensors shall be used to monitor the cargo pump temperature to detect overheating due to
pump failures.
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Chapter 16 Operational requirements
16.1 Maximum allowable quantity of cargo per tank
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16.1.1 The quantity of a cargo required to be carried in a type 1 ship shall not exceed 1,250 m3 in any one
tank.
16.1.2 The quantity of cargo required to be carried in a type 2 ship shall not exceed 3,000 m3 in any one
tank.
16.1.3 Tanks carrying liquids at ambient temperatures shall be so loaded as to avoid the tank becoming
liquid-full during the voyage, having due regard to the highest temperature which the cargo may reach.
16.2 Cargo information
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16.2.1 A copy of this Code, or national regulations incorporating the provisions of this Code, shall be on
board every ship covered by this Code.
16.2.2 Any cargo offered for bulk shipment shall be indicated in the shipping documents by the product
name, under which it is listed in chapter 17 or 18 of the Code or the latest edition of MEPC.2/Circ. or under
which it has been provisionally assessed. Where the cargo is a mixture, an analysis indicating the dangerous
components contributing significantly to the total hazard of the product shall be provided, or a complete
analysis if this is available. Such an analysis shall be certified by the manufacturer or by an independent
expert acceptable to the Administration.
16.2.3 Information shall be on board, and available to all concerned, giving the necessary data for the
safe carriage of the cargo in bulk. Such information shall include a cargo stowage plan, to be kept in an
accessible place, indicating all cargo on board, including each dangerous chemical carried:
1. a full description of the physical and chemical properties, including reactivity, necessary for the safe
containment of the cargo;
2. action to be taken in the event of spills or leaks;
3. countermeasures against accidental personal contact;
4. fire-fighting procedures and fire-fighting media;
5. procedures for cargo transfer, tank cleaning, gas-freeing and ballasting; and
6. for those cargoes required to be stabilized or inhibited, the cargo shall be refused if the certificate
required by these paragraphs is not supplied.
16.2.4 If sufficient information, necessary for the safe transportation of the cargo, is not available, the
cargo shall be refused.
16.2.5 Cargoes which evolve highly toxic imperceptible vapours shall not be transported unless perceptible
additives are introduced into the cargo.
16.2.6 Where column o in the table of chapter 17 refers to this paragraph, the cargo’s viscosity at 20°C shall
be specified on a shipping document, and if the cargo’s viscosity exceeds 50 mPa.s at 20°C, the temperature
at which the cargo has a viscosity of 50 mPa.s shall be specified in the shipping document.
16.2.7 Deleted.
16.2.8 Deleted.
16.2.9 Where column o in the table of chapter 17 refers to this paragraph, the cargo’s melting point shall be
indicated in the shipping document.
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16.3 Personnel training
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16.3.1 All personnel shall be adequately trained in the use of protective equipment and have basic training
in the procedures appropriate to their duties necessary under emergency conditions.
16.3.2 Personnel involved in cargo operations shall be adequately trained in handling procedures.
16.3.3 Officers shall be trained in emergency procedures to deal with conditions of leakage, spillage or fire
involving the cargo and a sufficient number of them shall be instructed and trained in essential first aid for
cargoes carried, based on the guidelines developed by the Organization*.
* Refer to the Medical First Aid Guide for Use in Accidents Involving Dangerous Goods (MFAG), which
provides advice on the treatment of casualties in accordance with the symptoms exhibited as well as
equipment and antidotes that may be appropriate for treating the casualty and to the relevant provisions of
the STCW Code, parts A and B.
16.4 Opening of and entry into cargo tanks
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16.4.1 During handling and carriage of cargoes producing flammable and/or toxic vapours or when
ballasting after the discharge of such cargo, or when loading or unloading cargo, cargo tank lids shall always
be kept closed. With any hazardous cargo, cargo tank lids, ullage and sighting ports and tank washing
access covers shall be open only when necessary.
16.4.2 Personnel shall not enter cargo tanks, void spaces around such tanks, cargo-handling spaces or other
enclosed spaces unless:
1. the compartment is free of toxic vapours and not deficient in oxygen; or
2. personnel wear breathing apparatus and other necessary protective equipment, and the entire
operation is under the close supervision of a responsible officer.
16.4.3 Personnel shall not enter such spaces when the only hazard is of a purely flammable nature, except
under the close supervision of a responsible officer.
16.5 Stowage of cargo samples
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16.5.1 Samples which have to be kept on board shall be stowed in a designated space situated in the cargo
area or, exceptionally, elsewhere, subject to the approval of the Administration.
16.5.2 The stowage space shall be:
1. cell-divided in order to avoid shifting of the bottles at sea;
2. made of material fully resistant to the different liquids intended to be stowed; and
3. equipped with adequate ventilation arrangements.
16.5.3 Samples which react with each other dangerously shall not be stowed close to each other.
16.5.4 Samples shall not be retained on board longer than necessary.
16.6 Cargoes not to be exposed to excessive heat
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16.6.1 Where the possibility exists of a dangerous reaction of a cargo, such as polymerization,
decomposition, thermal instability or evolution of gas, resulting from local overheating of the cargo in
either the tank or associated pipelines, such cargo shall be loaded and carried adequately segregated from
other products whose temperature is sufficiently high to initiate a reaction of such cargo (see 7.1.5.4).
16.6.2 Heating coils in tanks carrying this product shall be blanked off or secured by equivalent means.
16.6.3 Heat-sensitive products shall not be carried in deck tanks, which are not insulated.
16.6.4 In order to avoid elevated temperatures, this cargo shall not be carried in deck tanks.
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dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
Chapter 20 Transport of liquid chemical wastes
20.1 Preamble
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20.1.1 Maritime transport of liquid chemical wastes could present a threat to human health and to the
environment.
20.1.2 Liquid chemical wastes shall, therefore, be transported in accordance with relevant international
conventions and recommendations and, in particular, where it concerns maritime transport in bulk, with
the requirements of this Code.
20.2 Definitions
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For the purpose of this chapter:
20.2.1 Liquid chemical wastes are substances, solutions or mixtures, offered for shipment, containing
or contaminated with one or more constituents which are subject to the requirements of this Code and
for which no direct use is envisaged but which are carried for dumping, incineration or other methods of
disposal other than at sea.
20.2.2 Transboundary movement means maritime transport of wastes from an area under the national
jurisdiction of one country to or through an area under the national jurisdiction of another country, or to
or through an area not under the national jurisdiction of any country, provided at least two countries are
concerned by the movement.
20.3 Applicability
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20.3.1 The requirements of this chapter are applicable to the transboundary movement of liquid chemical
wastes in bulk by seagoing ships and shall be considered in conjunction with all other requirements of this
Code.
20.3.2 The requirements of this chapter do not apply to:
1. wastes derived from shipboard operations which are covered by the requirements of MARPOL 73/78;
and
2. substances, solutions or mixtures containing or contaminated with radioactive materials which are
subject to the applicable requirements for radioactive materials.
20.4 Permitted shipments
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20.4.1 Transboundary movement of wastes is permitted to commence only when:
1. notification has been sent by the competent authority of the country of origin, or by the generator or
exporter through the channel of the competent authority of the country of origin, to the country of
final destination; and
2. the competent authority of the country of origin, having received the written consent of the country
of final destination stating that the wastes will be safely incinerated or treated by other methods of
disposal, has given authorization to the movement.
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20.5 Documentation
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20.5.1 In addition to the documentation specified in 16.2 of this Code, ships engaged in transboundary
movement of liquid chemical wastes shall carry on board a waste movement document issued by the
competent authority of the country of origin.
20.6 Classification of liquid chemical wastes
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20.6.1 For the purpose of the protection of the marine environment, all liquid chemical wastes transported
in bulk shall be treated as Category X noxious liquid substances, irrespective of the actual evaluated
category.
20.7 Carriage and handling of liquid chemical wastes
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20.7.1 Liquid chemical wastes shall be carried in ships and cargo tanks in accordance with the minimum
requirements for liquid chemical wastes specified in chapter 17, unless there are clear grounds indicating
that the hazards of the wastes would warrant:
1. carriage in accordance with the ship type 1 requirements; or
2. any additional requirements of this Code applicable to the substance or, in case the of a mixture, its
constituent presenting the predominant hazard.
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dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
Chapter 21 Criteria for assigning carriage requirements for
products subject to the IBC Code
21.01 Introduction
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21.1.1 The following criteria are guidelines for the determination of pollution classification and assignment
of appropriate carriage requirements for bulk liquid cargoes being considered as candidates for entry into
the IBC Code or annexes 1, 3 or 4 of MEPC.2/Circs.
21.1.2 In developing such criteria, every effort has been made to follow the criteria and cut off points
developed under the Global Harmonized System (GHS).
21.1.3 Although the criteria are intended to be closely defined in order to establish a uniform approach, it
must be emphasized that these are guidelines only and, where human experience or other factors indicates
the need for alternative arrangements, these shall always be taken into account. Where deviations from the
criteria have been recognized, they shall be properly recorded with justifications.
21.02 Contents
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21.2.1 This chapter contains the following:
1. minimum safety and pollution criteria for products subject to chapter 17 of the IBC Code;
2. criteria used to assign the minimum carriage requirements for products, which meet the safety or
pollution criteria to make them subject to chapter 17 of the IBC Code;
3. criteria used for special requirements in chapter 15 of the IBC Code to be included in column o of
chapter 17 of the IBC Code;
4. criteria used for special requirements in chapter 16 of the IBC Code to be included in column o of
chapter 17 of the IBC Code; and
5. definitions of properties used within this chapter.
21.03 Minimum safety and pollution criteria for products subject
to chapter 17 of the IBC Code
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21.3.1 Products are deemed to be hazardous and subject to chapter 17 of the IBC Code if they meet one or
more of the following criteria:
1. inhalation LC5020 mg/l/4 h (see definitions in paragraph 21.7.1.1);
2. dermal LD502000 mg/kg (see definitions in paragraph 21.7.1.2);
3. oral LD502000 mg/kg (see definitions in paragraph 21.7.1.3);
4. toxic to mammals by prolonged exposure (see definitions in paragraph 21.7.2);
5. cause skin sensitization (see definitions in paragraph 21.7.3);
6. cause respiratory sensitization (see definitions in paragraph 21.7.4);
7. corrosive to skin (see definitions in paragraph 21.7.5);
8. have a Water Reactive Index (WRI) of >1 (see definitions in paragraph 21.7.6);
9. require inertion, inhibition, stabilization, temperature control or tank environmental control in order
to prevent a hazardous reaction (see definitions in paragraph 21.7.10);
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10. flash point >20%;
autoignition temperature of 200°C; and
classified as pollution category X or Y or meeting the criteria for rules 11 to 13 under paragraph
21.4.5.1.
21.04 Criteria used to assign the minimum carriage requirements
for products, which meet the minimum safety or pollution criteria
to make them subject to chapter 17 of the IBC Code
21.4.01 Column a - Product Name
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21.4.1.1 The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) name shall be used as far as
possible but, where this is unnecessarily complex, then a technically correct and unambiguous alternative
chemical name may be used.
21.4.02 Column b - Deleted.
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21.4.03 Column c - Pollution Category
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21.4.3.1 Column c identifies the pollution category assigned to each product under Annex II of MARPOL
73/78.
21.4.04 Column d - Hazards
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21.4.4.1 An "S" is assigned to column d if any of the safety criteria described in paragraphs 21.3.1.1 to
21.3.1.11 are met.
21.4.4.2 A "P" is assigned to column d if the product meets the criteria for assigning Ship Type 1 to 3 as
defined by rules 1 to 14 in paragraph 21.4.5.
21.4.05 Column e - Ship Type
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21.4.5.1 The basic criteria for assigning Ship Types based on the GESAMP Hazard Profile are shown in the
table below. An explanation of the details in the columns is provided in appendix 1 of MARPOL Annex II.
Selected rules, identified in this table, are specified in section 21.4.5.2 for assigning specific Ship Types.
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21.4.5.2 The Ship Type is assigned according to the following criteria:
Ship Type 1: Inhalation LC500.5 mg/l/4 h; and/or
Dermal LD5050 mg/kg; and/or
Oral LD50 5 mg/kg; and/or
Autoignition temperature 65&degC; and/or
Explosive range >50% v/v in air and the flash point < 23°C; and/or
Rules 1 or 2 of the table shown in 21.4.5.1 Ship Type 2: Inhalation LC50 >0.5mg/l/4 h - 2mg/l/4 h; and/or
Dermal LD50 >50mg/kg - 1000 mg/kg; and/or
OralLD50 >5mg/kg - 300 mg/kg; and/or
WRI=2;
Autoignition temperature 200&degC; and/or
Explosive range >40% v/v in air and the flash point < 23°C; and/or
Any of the rules 3 to 10 of the table shown in 21.4.5.1 Ship Type 3: Any of the minimum safety or pollution
criteria for bulk liquid cargoes subject to chapter 17 of the IBC Code not meeting the requirements for ship
types 1 or 2 and not meeting rule 15 of the table shown in 21.4.5.1.
21.4.06 Column f - Tank type
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21.4.6.1 The tank type is assigned according to the following criteria:
Tank type 1G: Inhalation LC500.5 mg/l/4 h; and/or
Dermal LD50 200 mg/kg); and/or
Autoignition temperature 65°C; and/or
Explosive range >40% v/v in air and the flash point WRI=2 Tank type 2G: Any of the minimum safety or
pollution criteria for bulk liquid cargoes subject to chapter 17 or the IBC Code not meeting the requirements
for tank type 1G.
21.4.07 Column g - Tank vents
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21.4.7.1 The tank venting arrangements are assigned according to the following criteria:
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Controlled: Inhalation LC50 10 mg/l/4 h; and/or
Toxic to mammals by prolonged exposure; and/or
Respiratory sensitizer; and/or
Special carriage control needed; and/or
Flash point 60&degC
Corrosive to skin ( 4 h exposure) Open: Any of the minimum safety or pollution criteria for bulk liquid
cargoes subject to chapter 17 or the IBC Code not meeting the requirements for controlled tank vents.
21.4.08 Column h - Tank environmental control
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21.4.8.1 The Tank environmental control conditions are assigned according to the following criteria:
21.4.09 Column i - Electrical equipment
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21.4.9.1 If the flash point of the product is 60&degC or the product is heated to within 15&degC of its flash
point then the electrical equipment required are assigned according to the following criteria, else "-" is
assigned in column i' and i''
.1 Column i' - Temperature class: T1 Autoignition temperature > 450&degC
T2 Autoignition temperature > 300&degC but < 450&degC
T3 Autoignition temperature > 200&degC but < 300&degC
T4 Autoignition temperature > 135&degC but < 200&degC
T5 Autoignition temperature > 100&degC but < 135&degC
T6 Autoignition temperature > 85&degC but < 100&degC .2 Column i'' - Apparatus group:
.2.1 The tests shall be carried out in accordance with the procedures described in IEC 60079-1-1:2002 and
IEC 79-3.
.2.2 For gases and vapours it is sufficient to make only one determination of either the Maximum
Experimental Safe Gap (MESG) or the Minimum Igniting Current (MIC) provided that:
.2.3 It is necessary to determine both the MESG and the MIC ratio when:
1. The MIC ratio determination only has been made, and the ratio is between 0.8 and 0.9, when an
MESG determination will be required;
2. The MIC ratio determination only has been made, and the ratio is between 0.45 and 0.5, when an
MESG determination will be required; or
3. The MESG only has been found, and is between 0.5 mm and 0.55 mm, when an MIC ratio
determination will be required.
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.3 Column i''' Flash point:
21.4.10 Column j - Gauging
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21.4.10.1 The type of gauging equipment permitted is assigned according to the following criteria: Closed:
Inhalation LC50 2 mg/l/4hr; and/or
Dermal LD50 1000 mg/kg; and/or
Toxic to mammals by prolonged exposure; and/or
Respiratory sensitizer; and/or
Corrosive to skin ( 3 min exposure).
Restricted:
Inhalation LC50 >2 - 10 mg/l/4h; and/or
Special carriage control indicates Inerting required; and/or
Corrosive to skin (>3 min - 1 h exposure); and/or
Flash point 60&degC.
Open:
Any of the minimum safety or pollution criteria for bulk liquid cargoes subject to chapter 17 or the IBC Code
not meeting the requirements for closed or restricted gauging.
21.4.11 Column k - Vapour detection
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21.4.11.1 The type of vapour detection equipment required is determined by the following criteria: Toxic
(T) :
Inhalation LC50 10 mg/l/4 h, and/or
Respiratory sensitizer; and/or
Toxic by prolonged exposure.
Flammable (F) :
Flash point 60&degC
No :
Where the above criteria do not apply.
21.4.12 Column l - Fire protection equipment
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21.4.12.1 The appropriate fire-fighting media are defined as being appropriate according to the following
criteria related to the properties of the product:
Note: all appropriate media shall be listed.
21.4.13 Column m . Deleted.
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21.4.14 Column n - Emergency Equipment
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21.4.14.1 The requirement to have personnel emergency equipment n board is identified by "Yes" in
column o n according to the following criteria: Inhalation LC502 mg/l/4 h; and/or
Respiratory sensitizer; and/or
Corrosive to skin ( 3 min exposure); and/or
WRI=2 No: indicates that the above criteria do not apply.
21.05 Criteria for special requirements in chapter 15 to be
included in column o
21.5.01
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21.5.1 The assignment of special requirements in column o shall normally follow clear criteria based on the
data supplied in the reporting form. Where it is considered appropriate to deviate from such criteria, this
shall be clearly documented in such a way that it can easily be retrieved on demand.
21.5.02
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21.5.2 The criteria for making reference to the special requirements identified in chapters 15 and 16 are
defined below with comments where relevant.
21.5.03 Paragraphs 15.2 to 15.10 and 15.20
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21.5.3 Paragraph 15.11 applies to all acids unless they:
.1 are organic acids - when only paragraphs 15.11.2 to 15.11.4 and paragraphs 15.11.6 to 15.11.8 apply; or
.2 do not evolve hydrogen - when paragraph 15.11.5 need not apply.
21.5.04 Paragraph 15.11 - Acids
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21.5.4.1 Paragraph 15.11 applies to all acids unless they:
.1 are organic acids - when only paragraphs 15.11.2 to 15.11.4 and paragraphs 15.11.6 to 15.11.8 apply; or
.2 do not evolve hydrogen - when paragraph 15.11.5 need not apply.
21.5.05 Paragraph 15.12 - Toxic products
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21.5.5.1 All of paragraph 15.12 is added to column o according to the following criteria: Inhalation LC502
mg/l/4 h; and/or
the product is a respiratory sensitizer; and/or
the product is toxic to mammals by prolonged exposure. 21.5.5.2 Paragraph 15.12.3 is added to column o
according to the following criteria: Inhalation LC50 >2 - 10 mg/l/4 h; and/or
Dermal LD501000 mg/kg; and/or
Oral LD50300 mg/kg. 21.5.5.3 Paragraph 15.12.4 is added to column o according to the following criterion:
Inhalation LC50 >2 - 10 mg/l/4 h.
21.5.06 Paragraph 15.13 - Cargoes protected by additives
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21.5.6.1 The requirement to assign paragraph 15.13 to column o is based on the information related to the
products tendency to polymerise, decompose, oxidise or undergo other chemical changes which may cause
a hazard under normal carriage conditions and which would be prevented by the addition of appropriate
additives.
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21.5.07 Paragraph 15.14 - Cargoes with a vapour pressure greater than
atmospheric at 37.8°C
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21.5.7.1 The requirement to assign paragraph 15.14 to column o is based on the following criterion:
Boiling point 37.8&degC
21.5.08 Paragraph 15.16 - Cargo contamination
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21.5.8.1 Paragraph 15.16.1 is deleted.
21.5.8.2 Paragraph 15.16.2 is added to column o according to the following criterion:
WRI >1
21.5.09 Paragraph 15.17 - Increased ventilation requirements
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21.5.9.1 Paragraph 15.17 shall be added to column o according to the following criteria: Inhalation LC50
>0.5 - 2 mg/l/4 h; and/or
Respiratory sensitizer; and/or
Toxic to mammals by prolonged exposure; and/or
Corrosive to skin (1 h exposure time).
21.5.10 Paragraph 15.18 - Special cargo pump-room requirements
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21.5.10.1 Paragraph 15.18 shall be added to column o according to the following criterion: Inhalation
LC500.5 mg/l/4 h
21.5.11 Paragraph 15.19 - Overflow control
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21.5.11.1 Paragraph 15.19 shall be added to column o according to the following criteria: Inhalation LC502
mg/l/4 h; and/or
Dermal LD501000 mg/kg; and/or
Oral LD50 300 mg/kg; and/or
Respiratory sensitizer; and/or
Corrosive to skin ( 3 min exposure); and/or
Autoignition temperature 200°C; and/or
Explosive range > 40% v/v in air and flash point Classified as ship type 1 on pollution grounds. 21.5.11.2
Only paragraph 15.19.6 shall apply if the product has any of the following properties: Inhalation LC50 >2
mg/l/4h - 10 mg/l/4 h; and/or
Dermal LD50 > 1000 mg/kg - 2000 mg/kg; and/or
Oral LD50 > 300 mg/kg - 2000 mg/kg; and/or
Skin sensitizer; and/or
Corrosive to skin (> 3 min - 1 h exposure); and/or
Flash point 60°C; and/or
Classified as ship type 2 on pollution grounds; and/or
Pollution category X or Y.
21.5.12 Paragraph 15.21 . Temperature sensors
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21.5.12.1 Paragraph 15.21 is added to column o according to the heat sensitivity of the product. This
requirement is related to pumps in cargo pump rooms only.
21.06 Criteria for special requirements in chapter 16 to be
included in column o
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21.6.1 Paragraphs 16.1 to 16.2.5 and 16.3 to 16.5
21.6.1.1 These apply to all cargoes and so are not referenced specifically in column o.
21.6.2 Paragraph 16.2.6
21.6.2.1 Paragraph 16.2.6 is added to column o for products, which meet the following criteria: Pollution
Category X or Y and viscosity >50 mPa.s at 20oC
21.6.3 Paragraph 16.2.9
21.6.3.1 Paragraph 16.2.9 is added to column o for products, which meet the following criterion:
Melting point >0&degC.
21.6.4 Paragraph 16.6 . Cargo not to be exposed to excessive heat
21.6.4.1 Paragraphs 16.6.2 to 16.6.4 are added to column o for products, which are identified as requiring
temperature control during carriage.
21.07 Definitions
21.7.01 Acute mammalian toxicity
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21.7.1.1 Acutely toxic by inhalation*
21.7.1.2 Acutely toxic in contact with skin
21.7.1.3 Acutely toxic if swallowed
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* All inhalation toxicity data are assumed to be associated with vapours and not mists or sprays, unless
indicated otherwise.
21.7.02 Toxic to mammals by prolonged exposure
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21.7.2.1 A product is classified as toxic by prolonged exposure if it meets any of the following criteria:
it is known to be, or suspected of being a carcinogen, mutagen, reprotoxic, neurotoxic, immunotoxic or
exposure below the lethal dose is known to cause specific organ oriented systemic toxicity (TOST) or other
related effects.
21.7.2.2 Such effects may be identified from the GESAMP Hazard Profile of the product or other recognized
sources of such information.
21.7.03 Skin sensitization
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21.7.3.1 A product is classified as a skin sensitizer:
1. if there is evidence in humans that the substance can induce sensitization by skin contact in a
substantial number of persons; or
2. where there are positive results from an appropriate animal test.
21.7.3.2 When an adjuvant type test method for skin sensitization is used, a response of at least 30% of the
animals is considered as positive. For a non-adjuvant test method a response of at least 15% of the animals
is considered positive.
21.7.3.3 When a positive result is obtained from the Mouse Ear Swelling Test (MEST) or the Local Lymph
Node Assay (LLNA), this may be sufficient to classify the product as a skin sensitizer
21.7.04 Respiratory sensitization
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21.7.4.1 A product is classified as a respiratory sensitizer:
1. if there is evidence in humans that the substance can induce specific respiratory hypersensitivity;
and/or
2. where there are positive results from an appropriate animal test; and/or
3. where the product is identified as a skin sensitizer and there is no evidence to show that it is not a
respiratory sensitizer.
21.7.05 Corrosive to skin*
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* Products that are corrosive to skin are, for the purpose of assigning relevant carriage requirements,
deemed to be corrosive by inhalation.
21.7.06 Water reactive substances
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21.7.6.1 These are classified into three groups as follows:
21.7.07 Air reactive substances
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21.7.7.1 Air reactive substances are products which react with air to cause a potentially hazardous situation,
e.g. the formation of peroxides which may cause an explosive reaction.
21.7.08 Electrical apparatus - Temperature Class
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(for products which either have a flashpoint of 60&degC or are heated to within 15°C of their flashpoint)
21.7.8.1 The Temperature Class is defined by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) as:
The highest temperature attained under practical conditions of operation within the rating of the apparatus
(and recognized overloads, if any, associated therewith) by any part of any surface, the exposure of which to
an explosive atmosphere may involve a risk.
21.7.8.2 The Temperature Class of the electrical apparatus is assigned by selecting the Maximum Surface
Temperature which is closest to, but less than, the product’s autoignition temperature (see 21.4.9.1.1).
21.7.09 Electrical apparatus - Apparatus group
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(for products with a flashpoint of 60&degC)
21.7.9.1 This refers to intrinsically safe and associated electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres
which the IEC divide into the following groups: Group I: for mines susceptible to firedamp (not used by
IMO); and
Group II: for applications in other industries - further sub-divided according to its Maximum Experimental
Safe Gap (MESG) and/or the Minimum Igniting Current (MIC) of the gas/vapour into groups IIA, IIB and
IIC. 21.7.9.2 This property cannot be determined from other data associated with the product; it has to be
either measured or assigned by assimilation with related products in an homologous series.
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21.7.10 Special carriage control conditions
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21.7.10.1 Special carriage control conditions refer to specific measures that need to be taken in order to
either prevent a hazardous reaction. They include:
1. Inhibition: the addition of a compound (usually organic) that retards or stops an undesired chemical
reaction such as corrosion, oxidation or polymerization;
2. Stabilization: the addition of a substance (stabilizer) that tends to keep a compound, mixture or
solution from changing its form or chemical nature. Such stabilizers may retard a reaction rate,
preserve a chemical equilibrium, act as antioxidants, keep pigments and other components in
emulsion form or prevent the particles in colloidal suspension from precipitating;
3. Inertion: the addition of a gas (usually nitrogen) in the ullage space of a tank that prevents the
formation of a flammable cargo/air mixture;
4. Temperature control: the maintenance of a specific temperature range for the cargo in order to
prevent a hazardous reaction or to keep the viscosity low enough to allow the product to be pumped;
and
5. Padding and venting: only applies to specific products identified on a case by case basis.
21.7.11 Flammable cargoes
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21.7.11.1 A cargo is defined as flammable according to the following criteria:
21.7.11.2 It should be noted that flash points of mixtures and aqueous solutions need to be measured
unless all of the components are non-flammable.
21.7.11.3 It should be noted that the carriage of bulk liquid cargoes which have a flash point of 60°C is
subject to other SOLAS regulations.
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Chapter 17 Summary of minimum requirements
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Chapter 18 List of products to which the Code does not apply
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18.1 The following are products, which have been reviewed for their safety and pollution hazards and
determined not to present hazards to such an extent as to warrant application of the Code.
18.2 Although the products listed in this chapter fall outside the scope of the Code, the attention
of Administrations is drawn to the fact that some safety precautions may be needed for their safe
transportation. Accordingly, Administrations shall prescribe appropriate safety requirements.
18.3 Some liquid substances are identified as falling into Pollution Category Z and, therefore, subject to
certain requirements of Annex II of MARPOL 73/78.
18.4 Liquid mixtures which are assessed or provisionally assessed under regulation 6.3 of MARPOL Annex
II as falling into Pollution Category Z or OS, and which do not present safety hazards, may be carried
under the appropriate entry in this chapter for "Noxious or Non-Noxious Liquid Substances, not otherwise
specified (n.o.s.)".
EXPLANATORY NOTES
Product name
The product name shall be used in the shipping document for any cargo offered for bulk shipments. Any
additional name may be included in brackets after the product name. In some cases, the product names are
not identical with the names given in previous issues of the Code.
Pollution Category
The letter Z means the Pollution Category assigned to each product under Annex II of MARPOL 73/78. OS
means the product was evaluated and found to fall outside Categories X, Y, or Z.
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Chapter 19 Index of Products Carried in Bulk
Chapter 19 The Index
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IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
Pagina 109 van 120
Pagina 110 van 120
IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
Pagina 111 van 120
Pagina 112 van 120
IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
Pagina 113 van 120
Pagina 114 van 120
IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
Pagina 115 van 120
Pagina 116 van 120
IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
Pagina 117 van 120
Pagina 118 van 120
IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
Appendix Model form of international certificate of fitness for
the carriage of dangerous chemicals in bulk
Attachment 1 To the International certificate of fitness for the
carriage of dangerous chemicals in bulk
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
Pagina 119 van 120
Attachment 2 To the International certificate of fitness for the
carriage of dangerous chemicals in bulk
Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2007
Pagina 120 van 120
IBC-Code, 2004 International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying
dangerous chemicals in bulk - MSC.176(79) / MEPC.119(52)
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