OM, McCulloch, MAC 842, 952802186, 952802187

GB
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
IMPORTANT INFORMATION: Please read these instructions carefully
and make sure you understand them before using this unit. Retain these
instructions for future reference.
FR
MANUEL D’INSTRUCTIONS
RENSEIGNEMENTS IMPORTANTS: Avant d’utiliser cet appareil,
veuillez lire atentivement les instructions et assurez--vous de les avoir
comprises. Conservez les instructions pour référence ultérieure.
DE
BETRIEBSANWEISUNG
WICHTIGE INFORMATION: Lesen Sie diese Hinweise zur Handhabung des Geräts aufmerksam durch. Verwenden Sie es erst, wenn
Sie sicher sind, daß Sie alle Anweisungen verstanden haben und
gut aufbewahren.
ES
MANUAL DE INSTRUCCIONES
INFORMACIÓN IMPORTANTE: Lea atentamente las instrucciones y
asegúrese de entenderlas antes de utilizar esta aparato. Conserve las
instrucciones para la referencia en el futuro.
115163426 Rev. 1 7/15/09 BRW
IDENTIFICATION (WHAT IS WHAT?)
Chain
Adjustment Tool
(Bar Tool)
Front Handle
Idle Speed Screw
Starter Rope
ON/STOP
Switch
Choke/
Fast Idle
Lever
Front Hand Guard
Chain
Muffler
Bar Oil Fill Cap
Bumper
spike
Starter Housing
Fuel Mix Fill Cap
Primer Bulb
Chain
Brake
Cylinder Cover
Chain
Direction
of Travel
Throttle
Lockout
Rear
Handle
Throttle
Trigger
Clutch
Cover
Adjusting
Wheel
Chain
Catcher
Bar
Knob
Guide Bar
IDENTIFICATION OF SYMBOLS
WARNING! This chain
saw can be dangerous! Careless or improper use can cause
serious or even fatal injury.
Read and understand the
instruction manual before
using the chain saw.
Always wear appropriate ear
protection, eye protection
and head protection.
Sound power level
Always use two
hands when
operating the
chain saw.
Sound pressure level
at 7,5 meters
WARNING! Contacting the guide bar tip with any object
should be avoided; tip contact may cause the guide bar to
move suddenly upward and backward, which may cause serious injury.
2
IDENTIFICATION OF SYMBOLS
Starting Reminder
Chain Tensioning
Lift lever on bar knob and
turn counterclockwise 1 turn
to loosen clutch cover.
Move ON/STOP switch to
the ON position.
Slowly press primer bulb
6 times.
Turn adjusting wheel (downward
direction) to tension chain until
chain solidly contacts bottom of
guide bar rail.
Pull choke/fast idle lever
out to the full extent (to
the FULL CHOKE position).
While lifting tip of guide bar, tighten bar knob (clockwise) securely.
Hand tighten only! Return lever
on bar knob to original position.
Pull the starter rope
sharply 5 times with your
right hand.
Push the choke/fast idle
lever in to the HALF
CHOKE position.
Pull the starter rope sharply
with your right hand until
the engine starts.
SAFETY RULES
Hearing
Protection
WARNING:
Always disconnect
spark plug wire and place wire where it cannot contact spark plug to prevent accidental
starting when setting up, transporting, adjusting or making repairs except carburetor
adjustments.
Because a chain saw is a high-speed woodcutting tool, special safety precautions must
be observed to reduce the risk of accidents.
Careless or improper use of this tool can
cause serious injury.
Snug
Fitting
Clothing
Safety
Shoes
Safety Hat
Eye
Protection
Heavy Duty
Gloves
Safety Chaps
PLAN AHEAD
S Read this manual carefully until you completely understand and can follow all safety
rules, precautions, and operating instructions before attempting to use the unit.
S Restrict the use of your saw to adult users
who understand and can follow safety
rules, precautions, and operating instructions found in this manual.
3
S Wear protective gear. Always use steel-toed
safety footwear with non-slip soles; snug-fitting clothing; heavy-duty, non-slip gloves;
eye protection such as non-fogging, vented
goggles or face screen; an approved safety
hard hat; and sound barriers (ear plugs or
mufflers) to protect your hearing. Secure hair
above shoulder length.
S Always use approved hearing protection.
Regular users should have hearing checked
regularly as chain saw noise can damage
hearing. Long--term exposure to noise can
result in permanent hearing impairment.
S Keep all parts of your body away from the
chain when the engine is running.
S Keep children, bystanders, and animals a
minimum of 10 meters away from the work
area. Do not allow other people or animals
to be near the chain saw when starting or
operating the chain saw.
S Do not handle or operate a chain saw when
you are fatigued, ill, or upset, or if you have
taken alcohol, drugs, or medication. You
must be in good physical condition and mentally alert. Chain saw work is strenuous. If
you have any condition that might be aggravated by strenuous work, check with your
doctor before operating a chain saw.
S Carefully plan your sawing operation in advance. Do not start cutting until you have a
clear work area, secure footing, and, if you
are felling trees, a planned retreat path.
S Chain brake. Your chain saw is equipped
with a chain brake that is designed to stop
the chain from moving.
WARNING: The chain brake is designed to stop the chain immediately if you
get a kickback. The chain brake reduces the
risk of accidents, but only you can prevent
them. DO NOT ASSUME THAT THE CHAIN
BRAKE WILL PROTECT YOU IN THE
EVENT OF A KICKBACK.
S Throttle trigger lock-- out. The throttle
lock--out is designed to prevent accidental
operation of the throttle trigger.
S Chain catcher. The chain catcher is designed to catch the saw chain if it breaks.
S Vibration damping system. Your chain
saw is equipped with a vibration damping
system that is designed to minimize vibration and make operation easier.
SAFETY NOTICE: Exposure to vibrations
through prolonged use of gasoline powered
hand tools could cause blood vessel or nerve
damage in the fingers, hands, and joints of people prone to circulation disorders or abnormal
swellings. Prolonged use in cold weather has
been linked to blood vessel damage in otherwise healthy people. If symptoms occur such
as numbness, pain, loss of strength, change in
skin color or texture, or loss of feeling in the fingers, hands, or joints, discontinue the use of
this tool and seek medical attention. An antivibration system does not guarantee the avoidance of these problems. Users who operate
power tools on a continual and regular basis
must monitor closely their physical condition
and the condition of this tool.
S ON/STOP switch. The ON/STOP switch
should be used to stop the engine.
OPERATE YOUR SAW SAFELY
WARNING: Long term inhalation of
the engine’s exhaust fumes, chain oil mist and
dust from sawdust can result in serious personal injury.
S Do not operate a chain saw with one hand.
Serious injury to the operator, helpers, bystanders or any combination of these persons may result from one-handed operation.
A chain saw is intended for two-handed use.
S Operate the chain saw only in a well-ventilated outdoor area.
S Do not operate saw from a ladder or in a tree,
unless you are specifically trained to do so.
S Make sure the chain will not make contact
with any object while starting the engine.
Never try to start the saw when the guide bar
is in a cut.
S Do not put pressure on the saw at the end of
the cut. Applying pressure can cause you to
lose control of the chain saw when the cut is
completed and may cause serious personal
injury.
S Stop the engine before setting the saw down.
S Do not operate a chain saw that is damaged,
improperly adjusted, or not completely and
securely assembled. Always replace bar,
chain, hand guard, or chain brake immediately if it becomes damaged, broken or is
otherwise removed.
S With the engine stopped, hand carry the
chain saw with the muffler away from your
body, and the guide bar and chain to the rear,
preferably covered with a scabbard.
CHECKING, MAINTAINING AND
SERVICING CHAIN SAW SAFETY
EQUIPMENT
WARNING: Never use a chain saw
with defective safety equipment. Safety
equipment must be inspected and maintained. If your chain saw does not pass inspection, take the saw to your nearest service dealer for repair.
S Chain brake. Brush off any wood dust, resin and dirt from the chain brake and clutch
drum. Dirt and wear can impair operation of
the brake. For additional information, see
OPERATING YOUR UNIT section.
S Throttle trigger lock-- out. Check that the
throttle trigger can not be operated until the
throttle lock--out is pressed.
S Chain catcher. Check that the chain
catcher is not damaged and is firmly attached to the body of the chain saw.
S Vibration damping system. Regularly
check the vibration damping units for
cracks or deformation. Make sure the
vibration damping units are securely attached to the engine unit and handle unit.
S ON/STOP switch. Start the engine and
make sure the engine stops when you
move the ON/STOP switch to the STOP
position.
CHAIN SAW SAFETY EQUIPMENT
NOTE: In this section, the safety features of
the chain saw and their function are explained.
For inspection and maintenance, see instructions in the CHECKING, MAINTAINING AND
SERVICING CHAIN SAW SAFETY EQUIPMENT section. See instructions under the
WHAT IS WHAT? section, to find where these
parts are located on your chain saw. The life
span of the machine can be reduced and the
risk of accidents can increase if machine maintenance is not carried out correctly and if service and/or repairs are not carried out professionally. If you need further information, please
contact your nearest service dealer.
4
MAINTAIN YOUR SAW IN GOOD
WORKING ORDER
saw chain in the cut along the top of the
guide bar and the saw chain is suddenly
stopped. This sudden stopping of the
chain results in a reversal of the chain
force used to cut wood and causes the
saw to move in the opposite direction of the
chain rotation. The saw is driven straight
back toward the operator.
S Pull-In can occur when the moving chain
contacts a foreign object in the wood in the
cut along the bottom of the guide bar and the
saw chain is suddenly stopped. This sudden
stopping pulls the saw forward and away
from the operator and could easily cause the
operator to lose control of the saw.
Avoid Pinch-- Kickback:
S Be extremely aware of situations or obstructions that can cause material to pinch the top
of or otherwise stop the chain.
S Do not cut more than one log at a time.
S Do not twist the saw as the bar is withdrawn from an undercut when bucking.
Avoid Pull-- In:
S Always begin cutting with the engine at full
speed and the saw housing against wood.
S Use wedges made of plastic or wood.
Never use metal to hold the cut open.
Kickback Path
S Have all chain saw service performed by a
qualified service dealer with the exception of
the items listed in the maintenance section of
this manual. For example, if improper tools
are used to remove or hold the flywheel
when servicing the clutch, structural damage
to the flywheel can occur and cause the flywheel to burst.
S Make certain the saw chain stops moving
when the throttle trigger is released. For
correction, refer to CARBURETOR ADJUSTMENTS.
S Never modify your saw in any way. Use
only attachments supplied or specifically
recommended by the manufacturer.
S Keep the handles dry, clean, and free of oil
or fuel mixture.
S Keep fuel and oil caps, screws, and fasteners securely tightened.
S Use only McCulloch accessories and replacement parts as recommended.
HANDLE FUEL WITH CAUTION
S Do not smoke while handling fuel or while
operating the saw.
S Eliminate all sources of sparks or flame in
the areas where fuel is mixed or poured.
There should be no smoking, open flames,
or work that could cause sparks. Allow engine to cool before refueling.
S Mix and pour fuel in an outdoor area on bare
ground; store fuel in a cool, dry, well ventilated place; and use an approved, marked
container for all fuel purposes. Wipe up all
fuel spills before starting saw.
S Move at least 10 feet (3 meters) from fueling site before starting engine.
S Turn the engine off and let saw cool in a
non-combustible area, not on dry leaves,
straw, paper, etc. Slowly remove fuel cap
and refuel unit.
S Store the unit and fuel in an area where fuel
vapors cannot reach sparks or open
flames from water heaters, electric motors
or switches, furnaces, etc.
Avoid Obstructions
Clear The
Working Area
REDUCE THE CHANCE OF
KICKBACK
S Recognize that kickback can happen.
With a basic understanding of kickback,
you can reduce the element of surprise
which contributes to accidents.
S Never let the moving chain contact any object at the tip of the guide bar.
S Keep the working area free from obstructions such as other trees, branches, rocks,
fences, stumps, etc. Eliminate or avoid any
obstruction that your saw chain could hit
while you are cutting through a particular log
or branch.
S Keep your saw chain sharp and properly
tensioned. A loose or dull chain can increase
the chance of kickback occurring. Follow
manufacturer’s chain sharpening and maintenance instructions. Check tension at regular intervals with the engine stopped, never
with the engine running. Make sure the bar
clamp nuts are securely tightened after tensioning the chain.
S Begin and continue cutting at full speed. If
the chain is moving at a slower speed, there
is greater chance of kickback occurring.
S Cut one log at a time.
S Use extreme caution when re-entering a
previous cut.
KICKBACK
WARNING: Avoid kickback which
can result in serious injury. Kickback is the
backward, upward or sudden forward motion
of the guide bar occurring when the saw
chain near the upper tip of the guide bar contacts any object such as a log or branch, or
when the wood closes in and pinches the
saw chain in the cut. Contacting a foreign object in the wood can also result in loss of
chain saw control.
S Rotational Kickback can occur when the
moving chain contacts an object at the upper tip of the guide bar. This contact can
cause the chain to dig into the object,
which stops the chain for an instant. The
result is a lightning fast, reverse reaction
which kicks the guide bar up and back toward the operator.
S Pinch-Kickback can occur when the the
wood closes in and pinches the moving
5
help avoid kickback and other forces which
can result in serious injury.
S Reduced--Kickback Guide Bar, designed
with a small radius tip which reduces the
size of the kickback danger zone on the
bar tip. A Reduced--Kickback Guide Bar has
been demonstrated to significantly reduce
the number and seriousness of kickbacks.
S Do not attempt cuts starting with the tip of
the bar (plunge cuts).
S Watch for shifting logs or other forces that
could close a cut and pinch or fall into chain.
S Use the Reduced--Kickback Guide Bar
and Low--Kickback Chain specified for
your saw.
MAINTAIN CONTROL
Reduced Kickback
Symmetrical
Guide Bar
Stand to the left of
the saw
Small Radius Tip
Symmetrical Guide Bar
Never reverse
hand positions
Large Radius Tip
S Low--Kickback Chain, designed with a
contoured depth gauge and guard link
which deflect kickback force and allow
wood to gradually ride into the cutter.
Low-Kickback Chain
Contoured Depth Gauge
Elongated Guard Link
Deflects Kickback
Force And Allows
Wood To Gradually
Ride Into Cutter
S Handguard, designed to reduce the chance
of your left hand contacting the chain if your
hand slips off the front handlebar.
S Position of front and rear handlebars, designed with distance between handles and
“in-line” with each other. The spread and
“in-line” position of the hands provided by
this design work together to give balance
and resistance in controlling the pivot of
the saw back toward the operator if kickback occurs.
Elbow locked
Thumb on underside of
handlebar
S Keep a good, firm grip on the saw with both
hands when the engine is running and don’t
let go. A firm grip will help you reduce kickback and maintain control of the saw. Keep
the fingers of your left hand encircling and
your left thumb under the front handlebar.
Keep your right hand completely around the
rear handle whether your are right handed or
left handed. Keep your left arm straight with
the elbow locked.
S Position your left hand on the front handlebar so it is in a straight line with your right
hand on the rear handle when making
bucking cuts. Never reverse right and left
hand positions for any type of cutting.
S Stand with your weight evenly balanced on
both feet.
S Stand slightly to the left side of the saw to
keep your body from being in a direct line
with the cutting chain.
S Do not overreach. You could be drawn or
thrown off balance and lose control of the
saw.
S Do not cut above shoulder height. It is difficult to maintain control of saw above
shoulder height.I
KICKBACK SAFETY FEATURES
WARNING: The following features are
included on your saw to help reduce the hazard
of kickback; however, such features will not totally eliminate this dangerous reaction. As a
chain saw user, do not rely only on safety devices. You must follow all safety precautions,
instructions, and maintenance in this manual to
6
WARNING: DO NOT RELY UPON
ANY OF THE DEVICES BUILT INTO YOUR
SAW. YOU SHOULD USE THE SAW
PROPERLY AND CAREFULLY TO AVOID
KICKBACK. Reduced--kickback guide bars
and low--kickback saw chains reduce the
chance and magnitude of kickback and are
recommended. Your saw has a low kickback
chain and bar as original equipment. Repairs
on a chain brake should be made by an authorized servicing dealer. Take your unit to
the place of purchase if purchased from a
servicing dealer, or to the nearest authorized
master service dealer.
S Tip contact in some cases may cause a lightning fast reverse REACTION, kicking the
guide bar up and back toward the operator.
S Pinching the saw chain along the top of the
guide bar may push the guide bar rapidly
back toward the operator.
S Either of these reactions may cause you to
lose control of the saw which could result
in serious injury. Do not rely exclusively
upon the safety devices built into your saw.
ASSEMBLY
Protective gloves (not provided) should be
worn during assembly.
ATTACHING THE BUMPER SPIKE
(If not already attached)
The bumper spike may be used as a pivot
when making a cut.
1. Loosen and remove bar knob completely
by lifting lever and turning counterclockwise. Remove clutch cover.
2. Attach the bumper spike with the two
screws as illustrated.
Guide bar
Bar bolts
5. Carefully remove the chain from the package. Hold chain with the drive links as
shown.
Tip of
Bar
ATTACHING THE BAR & CHAIN
(If not already attached)
WARNING: Recheck each assembly step if the saw is received assembled. Always wear gloves when handling the chain.
The chain is sharp and can cut you even
when it is not moving!
1. Move ON/STOP switch to the STOP
position.
2. Loosen and remove bar knob completely
by lifting lever and turning counterclockwise.
CUTTERS MUST FACE IN
DIIRECTION OF ROTATION
Cutters
Drive Links
6. Place chain over and behind clutch retainer, fitting the drive links in the clutch
drum sprocket.
7. Fit bottom of drive links between the
teeth in the sprocket in the nose of the
guide bar.
8. Fit chain drive links into bar groove.
9. Pull guide bar forward until chain is snug
in guide bar groove. Ensure all drive links
are in the bar groove.
10. Install clutch cover. Be sure adjusting pin
is in the adjusting pin hole in the guide
bar.
CAUTION: It is very important when installing the clutch cover that the adjusting pin
aligns into the adjusting pin hole in the bar. Failure to install the clutch cover correctly may result in permanent damage to your chain saw.
Back
view of
clutch
cover
LOOSEN
3. Remove clutch cover and plastic shipping spacer (if present).
Clutch Cover
Bar
Knob
Depth Gauge
Location of
shipping
spacer
Adjusting pin
4. Slide guide bar on bar bolts until guide
bar stops against clutch drum sprocket.
7
11. Install bar knob and finger tighten only.
Once the chain is tensioned, you will
need to tighten bar knob.
CHAIN TENSION (Including units
with chain already installed)
3. Using the screwdriver end of the chain
adjustment tool (bar tool), move chain
around guide bar to ensure all links are in
bar groove.
4. While lifting tip of guide bar, tighten bar
knob securely (clockwise). Hand tighten only!
WARNING: Wear protective gloves
when handling chain. The chain is sharp and
can cut you even when it is not moving.
NOTE: When adjusting chain tension,
make sure the bar knob is finger tight only.
Attempting to tension the chain when the bar
knob is tight can cause damage.
Bar
Knob
Checking the tension:
Use the screwdriver end of the chain adjustment tool (bar tool) to move chain around
guide bar. If the chain does not rotate, it is too
tight. If the chain is too loose, it will sag below
the bar.
Guide
Bar
Adjusting
Wheel
Chain Adjustment
Bar Knob
Tool
(Bar Tool)
TIGHTEN
5. Push lever on bar knob down to return lever to closed/locked position.
Adjusting the tension:
Chain tension is very important. Chains stretch
during use. This is especially true during the
first few times you use your saw. Always check
chain tension each time you use and refuel
your saw.
1. Lift lever on bar knob and turn counterclockwise 1 turn to loosen clutch cover.
WARNING: Failure to push lever on
bar knob down to closed/locked position
could result in serious personal injury or
damage to your chain saw.
6. Use the screwdriver end of the chain adjustment tool (bar tool) to move chain
around guide bar.
7. If chain does not rotate, it is too tight.
Loosen bar knob 1 turn (counterclockwise); then, loosen chain by turning the
adjusting wheel 1/4 turn (upward direction). Retighten bar knob.
8. If chain is too loose, it will sag below the
guide bar. DO NOT operate the saw if the
chain is loose.
WARNING: If the saw is operated
with a loose chain, the chain could jump off
the guide bar and result in serious injury.
LOOSEN
2. Turn adjusting wheel (downward direction) to tension chain until chain solidly
contacts bottom of guide bar rail. Lift tip
of guide bar while adjusting tension.
Tighten
chain
WARNING: Muffler is very hot during
and after use. Do not touch the muffler or allow combustible material such as dry grass
or fuel to do so.
Loosen
chain
Adjusting Wheel
8
OPERATING YOUR UNIT
Use only 40 --- 45 cm of rope per pull.
Hold saw firmly while pulling starter rope.
BEFORE STARTING ENGINE
WARNING: Be sure to read the fuel
information in the safety rules before you begin. If you do not understand the safety rules,
do not attempt to fuel your unit. Contact an
authorized service dealer.
Starter Rope Handle
Left Hand
on Front
Handle
BAR AND CHAIN LUBRICATION
The bar and chain require continuous lubrication. Lubrication is provided by the automatic oiler system when the oil tank is kept
filled. Lack of oil will quickly ruin the bar and
chain. Too little oil will cause overheating
shown by smoke coming from the chain and/
or discoloration of the bar. Only use Bar and
Chain Oil for bar and chain lubrication.
Right Foot Through Rear Handle
FUELING ENGINE
IMPORTANT POINTS TO REMEMBER
WARNING: Remove fuel cap slowly
When pulling the starter rope, do not use the full
extent of the rope as this can cause the rope to
break. Do not let starter rope snap back. Hold
the handle and let the rope rewind slowly.
For cold weather starting, start the unit at full
choke; allow the engine to warm up before
squeezing the throttle trigger.
NOTE: Do not cut material with the choke/fast
idle lever at the FULL CHOKE position.
when refueling.
This engine is certified to operate on unleaded
gasoline. Before operation, gasoline must be
mixed with a good quality 2-cycle air-cooled
engine oil designed to be mixed at a ratio of
40:1. A 40:1 ratio is obtained by mixing 0,125
liter of oil with 5 liters of unleaded gasoline. DO
NOT USE automotive or boat oil. These oils
will cause engine damage. When mixing fuel
follow the instructions printed on the container.
Always read and follow the safety rules relating
to fuel before fueling your unit.
STARTING A COLD ENGINE (or a
warm engine after running out of
fuel)
NOTE: In the following steps, when the cho-
IMPORTANT
ke/fast idle lever is pulled out to the full extent, the correct throttle setting for starting is
set automatically.
Experience indicates that alcohol blended fuels
(called gasohol or using ethanol or methanol)
can attract moisture which leads to separation
and formation of acids during storage. Acidic
gas can damage the fuel system of an engine
while in storage. To avoid engine problems,
empty the fuel system before storage for 30
days or longer. Drain the gas tank, start the engine and let it run until the fuel lines and carburetor are empty. Use fresh fuel next season.
Never use engine or carburetor cleaner products in the fuel tank or permanent damage may
occur.
IGNITION
SWITCH
ON
STOP
CHAIN BRAKE
Choke
Lever
Ensure chain brake is disengaged by pulling
the front hand guard back toward the front handle as far as possible. The chain brake must be
disengaged before cutting with the saw.
1. Move ON/STOP switch to the ON position.
2. Slowly press primer bulb 6 times.
3. Pull out choke/fast idle to the full extent
(to the FULL CHOKE position).
4. Pull the starter rope sharply 5 times with
your right hand. Then, proceed to the
next step.
NOTE: If the engine sounds as if it is trying
to start before the 5th pull, stop pulling and
immediately proceed to the next step.
5. Push the choke/fast idle lever in to the
HALF CHOKE position.
WARNING:
The chain must not
move when the engine runs at idle speed. If
the chain moves at idle speed refer to CARBURETOR ADJUSTMENT within this
manual. Avoid contact with the muffler. A hot
muffler can cause serious burns.
To stop the engine, move the ON/STOP
switch to the STOP position.
To start the engine, hold the saw firmly on
the ground as illustrated below. Make sure
the chain is free to turn without contacting
any object.
9
CHOKE/FAST IDLE LEVER
OFF
HALF
FULL
6. Pull the starter rope sharply with your
right hand until the engine starts.
7. Allow the engine to run for approximately
30 seconds. Then, squeeze and release
throttle trigger to allow engine to return to
idle speed.
mm) thick. Repairs on a chain brake should be
made by an authorized service dealer. Take
your unit to the place of purchase if purchased
from a servicing dealer, or to the nearest authorized master service dealer.
S This saw is equipped with a chain brake.
The brake is designed to stop the chain if
kickback occurs.
S The inertia activated chain brake is activated
if the front hand guard is pushed forward, either manually or by centrifugal force.
S If the brake is already activated, it is disengaged by pulling the front hand guard back
toward the front handle as far as possible.
S When cutting with the saw, the chain brake
must be disengaged.
Disengaged
Engaged
STARTING A WARM ENGINE
1. Move ON/STOP switch to the ON position.
2. Pull the choke/fast idle lever out to the
FULL CHOKE position to set the fast
idle, then push the lever in to the HALF
CHOKE position.
3. Slowly press the primer bulb 6 times.
4. Pull the starter rope sharply with your
right hand until the engine starts.
5. Squeeze and release throttle trigger to
allow engine to return to idle speed.
DIFFICULT STARTING (or starting a
flooded engine)
The engine may be flooded with too much
fuel if it has not started after 10 pulls.
Flooded engines can be cleared of excess
fuel by pushing the choke/fast idle lever in
completely (to the OFF CHOKE position)
and then following the warm engine starting
procedure listed above. Ensure the ON/
STOP switch is in the ON position.
Starting could require pulling the starter rope
handle many times depending on how badly
the unit is flooded. If engine fails to start, refer to the TROUBLESHOOTING TABLE.
CHAIN BRAKE
WARNING: If the brake band is worn
too thin it may break when the chain brake is
triggered. With a broken brake band, the chain
brake will not stop the chain. The chain brake
should be replaced by an authorized service
dealer if any part is worn to less than 0,02″ (0,5
Braking function control
CAUTION: The chain brake must be
checked several times daily. The engine
must be running when performing this procedure. This is the only instance when the saw
should be placed on the ground with the engine running.
Place the saw on firm ground. Grip the rear
handle with your right hand and the front handle with your left hand. Apply full throttle by
fully depressing the throttle trigger. Activate
the chain brake by turning your left wrist
against the hand guard without releasing
your grip around the front handle. The chain
should stop immediately.
Inertia activating function control
WARNING: When performing the following procedure, the engine must be turned
off.
Grip the rear handle with your right hand and
the front handle with your left hand. Hold the
chain saw approximately 35 cm above a
stump or other wooden surface. Release
your grip on the front handle and use the
weight of the saw to let the top of the guide
bar fall forward and contact the stump.
When the tip of the bar hits the stump, the
brake should activate.
CUTTING METHODS
IMPORTANT POINTS
S Check chain tension before first use and after 1 minute of operation. See CHAIN TENSION in the ASSEMBLY section.
S Cut wood only. Do not cut metal, plastics,
masonry, non-wood building materials, etc.
S The bumper spike may be used as a pivot
when making a cut.
S Stop the saw if the chain strikes a foreign
object. Inspect the saw and repair parts as
necessary.
S Keep the chain out of dirt and sand. Even a
small amount of dirt will quickly dull a chain
and increase the possibility of kickback.
S Practice cutting a few small logs using the
following techniques to get the “feel” of using your saw before you begin a major
sawing operation.
S Squeeze the throttle trigger and allow the
engine to reach full speed before cutting.
S Begin cutting with the saw frame
against the log.
10
S Keep the engine at full speed the entire
time you are cutting.
S Allow the chain to cut for you. Exert only
light downward pressure.
S Release the throttle trigger as soon as
the cut is completed, allowing the engine to idle. If you run the saw at full
throttle without a cutting load, unnecessary wear can occur.
S To avoid losing control when cut is complete, do not put pressure on saw at end
of cut.
S Stop the engine before setting the saw down.
NOTCH CUT AND FELLING THE
TREE
S Make notch cut by cutting the top of the
notch first. Cut through 1/3 of the diameter
of the tree. Next complete the notch by cutting the bottom of the notch. See illustration. Once the notch is cut remove the
notch of wood from the tree.
Final cut here. 5 cm above
center of notch.
First cut
5 cm
TREE FELLING TECHNIQUES
Notch
WARNING:
Felling a tree requires
chain saw skills and experience. Inexperienced users should not fell trees. Do not attempt any task that makes you feel uncomfortable or unsure.
WARNING: Do not cut near buildings
or electrical wires if you do not know the direction of tree fall, at night since you will not
be able to see well, or during bad weather
such as rain, snow, or strong winds. as fall is
unpredictable.
Carefully plan your sawing operation in advance. You need a clear area all around the
tree so you can have secure footing. Check
for broken or dead branches which can fall
on you causing serious injury.
Natural conditions that can cause a tree to
fall in a particular direction include:
S The wind direction and speed.
S The lean of the tree. The lean of a tree
might not be apparent due to uneven or
sloping terrain. Use a plumb or level to determine the direction of tree lean.
S Weight and branches on one side.
S Surrounding trees and obstacles.
Look for decay and rot. If the trunk is rotted,
it can snap and fall toward the operator.
Make sure there is enough room for the tree to
fall. Maintain a distance of 2-1/2 tree lengths
from the nearest person or other objects. Engine noise can drown out a warning call.
Remove dirt, stones, loose bark, nails, staples,
and wire from the tree where cuts are to be
made.
Plan a clear retreat path
Direction of Fall
45_
5 cm
Second cut
S After removing the wood from the notch,
make the felling cut on the opposite side of
the notch. This is done by making a cut about
5 cm higher than the center of the notch.
This will leave enough uncut wood between
the felling cut and the notch to form a hinge.
This hinge will help prevent the tree from falling in the wrong direction.
Hinge holds tree on stump and helps
control fall
Opening
of felling
cut
Closing
of notch
NOTE: Before felling cut is complete, use
wedges to open the cut when necessary to
control the direction of fall. To avoid kickback
or chain damage, use wood or plastic
wedges, but never steel or iron wedges.
S Be alert to signs that the tree is ready to fall:
cracking sounds, widening of the felling cut,
or movement in the upper branches.
S As tree starts to fall, stop saw, put it down,
and get away quickly on your planned retreat path.
S DO NOT cut down a partially fallen tree with
your saw. Be extremely cautious with partially fallen trees that may be poorly supported. When a tree doesn’t fall completely,
set the saw aside and pull down the tree with
a cable winch, block and tackle, or tractor.
CUTTING A FALLEN TREE
FELLING LARGE TREES
(15 cm in diameter or larger)
The notch method is used to fell large trees.
A notch is cut on the side of the tree in the desired direction of fall. After a felling cut is
made on the opposite side of tree, the tree
will tend to fall into the notch.
(BUCKING)
Bucking is the term used for cutting a fallen
tree to the desired log length.
WARNING: Do not stand on the log
being cut. Any portion can roll causing loss
of footing and control. Do not stand downhill
of the log being cut.
11
Important points
S Cut only one log at a time.
S Cut shattered wood very carefully; sharp
pieces of wood could be flung toward operator.
S Use a sawhorse to cut small logs. Never
allow another person to hold the log while
cutting and never hold the log with your leg
or foot.
S Do not cut in an area where logs, limbs,
and roots are tangled. Drag the logs into a
clear area before cutting by pulling out exposed and cleared logs first.
TYPES OF CUTTING USED FOR
BUCKING
S Roll the log over and finish with a second
overcut.
S Give special attention to logs under strain
to prevent the saw from pinching. Make
the first cut on the pressure side to relieve
the stress on the log.
BUCKING USING A LOG OR SUPPORT STAND
S Remember your first cut is always on the
pressure side of the log.
S Your first cut should extend 1/3 of the
diameter of the log.
S Finish with your second cut.
Using a log for support
2nd Cut
WARNING: If saw becomes pinched
or hung in a log, don’t try to force it out. You
can lose control of the saw resulting in injury
and/or damage to the saw. Stop the saw,
drive a wedge of plastic or wood into the cut
until the saw can be removed easily. Restart
the saw and carefully reenter the cut. Do not
attempt to restart your saw when it is pinched
or hung in a log.
1st Cut
1st
Turn saw OFF and use a plastic or
wooden wedge to force cut open.
Overcutting begins on the top side of the log
with the saw against the log. When overcutting use light downward pressure.
Overcutting
Cut
2nd Cut
Using a support stand
2nd Cut
1st Cut
Undercutting
1st Cut
Undercutting involves cutting on the underside of the log with top of saw against the log.
When undercutting use light upward pressure. Hold saw firmly and maintain control.
The saw will tend to push back toward you.
WARNING: Never turn saw upside
down to undercut. The saw cannot be controlled in this position.
First cut on pressure side of log
Second cut
Second cut
First cut on pressure side of log
BUCKING WITHOUT A
SUPPORT
S Overcut through 1/3 of the diameter of the
log.
2nd Cut
LIMBING AND PRUNING
WARNING: Be alert for and guard
against kickback. Do not allow the moving
chain to contact any other branched or objects
at the nose of the guide bar when limbing or
pruning. Allowing such contact can result in
serious injury.
WARNING: Never climb into a tree to
limb or prune. Do not stand on ladders, platforms, a log, or in any position which can cause
you to lose your balance or control of the saw.
IMPORTANT POINTS
S Watch out for springpoles. Use extreme
caution when cutting small size limbs. Slender material may catch the saw chain and be
whipped toward you or pull you off balance.
12
S Be alert for springback. Watch out for
branches that are bent or under pressure.
Avoid being struck by the branch or the
saw when the tension in the wood fibers is
released.
S Keep a clear work area. Frequently clear
branches out of the way to avoid tripping
over them.
LIMBING
S Always limb a tree after it is cut down. Only
then can limbing be done safely and properly.
S Leave the larger limbs underneath the
felled tree to support the tree as you work.
S Start at base of the felled tree and work toward the top, cutting branches and limbs.
Remove small limbs with one cut.
S Keep the tree between you and the chain
as much as possible.
S Remove larger, supporting branches with
the cutting techniques described in BUCKING WITHOUT A SUPPORT.
S Always use an overcut to cut small and
freely hanging limbs. Undercutting could
cause limbs to fall and pinch saw.
PRUNING
WARNING: Limit pruning to limbs
shoulder height or below. Do not cut if
branches are higher than your shoulder. Get
a professional to do the job.
S Make your fist cut 1/3 of the way through
the bottom of the limb.
S Next make a 2nd cut all the way through
the limb. Then cut a third overcut leaving
a 3 to 5 cm collar from the trunk of the tree.
Second cut
Third cut
Collar
First cut
Pruning technique
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
WARNING:
Improper maintenance
could result in serious engine damage or in serious injury.
WARNING: Disconnect the spark
plug before performing maintenance, except
for carburetor adjustments.
We recommend all service and adjustments
not listed in this manual be performed by an
Authorized Service Dealer.
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Check:
Fuel mixture level . . . . Before each use
Bar lubrication . . . . . . . Before each use
Chain tension . . . . . . . Before each use
Chain sharpness . . . . Before each use
For damaged parts . . Before each use
For loose caps . . . . . . Before each use
For loose fasteners . . . Before each use
For loose parts . . . . . . Before each use
Inspect and Clean:
Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Before each use
Complete saw . . . . . . . After each use
Air filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . Every 5 hours*
Chain brake . . . . . . . . Every 5 hours*
Spark arresting screen
and muffler . . . . . . . . . Every 25 hours*
Replace spark plug . Yearly
Replace fuel filter . . . Yearly
* Hours of Operation
AIR FILTER
CAUTION: Do not clean filter in gaso-
line or other flammable solvent to avoid
creating a fire hazard or producing harmful
evaporative emissions.
Cleaning the air filter:
A dirty air filter decreases engine performance and increases fuel consumption and
harmful emissions. Always clean after every
5 hours of operation.
1. Clean the cover and the area around it to
keep dirt and sawdust from falling into
the carburetor chamber when the cover
is removed.
2. Remove the parts as illustrated.
3. Wash the filter in soap and water. Rinse
in clean cool water. Air dry completely
before reinstalling.
4. Reinstall parts.
Cylinder
Cover
Air Filter
Cover
Air Filter
BAR MAINTENANCE
If your saw cuts to one side, has to be forced
through the cut, or been run with an improper
amount of bar lubrication it may be necessary to service your bar. A worn bar will damage your chain and make cutting difficult.
13
After each use, ensure ON/STOP switch is
in the STOP position, then clean all sawdust
from the guide bar and sprocket hole.
To maintain guide bar:
S Move ON/STOP switch to the STOP position.
S Loosen and remove bar nuts and chain
brake. Remove bar and chain from saw.
S Clean the oil holes and bar groove after each
5 hours of operation.
Remove Sawdust From
Guide Bar Groove
Oil Holes
S Burring of guide bar rails is a normal
process of rail wear. Remove these burrs
with a flat file.
S When rail top is uneven, use a flat file to restore square edges and sides.
File Rail Edges
and Sides
Square
Worn Groove
Correct Groove
Replace guide bar when the groove is worn,
the guide bar is bent or cracked, or when
excess heating or burring of the rails occurs.
If replacement is necessary, use only the guide
bar specified for your saw in the repair parts list
or on the decal located on the chain saw.
SPARK PLUG
The spark plug should be replaced each
year to ensure the engine starts easier and
runs better. Ignition timing is fixed and nonadjustable.
1. Loosen 3 screws on cylinder cover.
2. Remove the cylinder cover.
3. Pull off the spark plug boot.
4. Remove spark plug from cylinder and
discard.
5. Replace with Champion RCJ--7Y spark
plug and tighten securely with a 19 mm
socket wrench. Spark plug gap should
be 0,5 mm.
6. Reinstall the spark plug boot.
7. Reinstall the cylinder cover and 3
screws. Tighten securely.
CHAIN SHARPENING
WARNING: Improper chain sharpening techniques and/or depth gauge maintenance will increase the chance of kickback
which can result in serious injury.
WARNING: Wear protective gloves
when handling chain. The chain is sharp and
can cut you even when it is not moving.
Conditions which indicate the need for chain
sharpening:
S Reduction in size of wood chips. The size
of the wood chip will decrease as the chain
gets duller until it becomes more like a
powder than a chip. Note that dead or
rotted wood will not produce a good chip.
S Saw cuts to one side or at an angle.
S Saw has to be forced through the cut.
Tools required:
S 5/32 inch (4 mm) diameter round file and
file holder
S Flat file
S Depth gauge tool
TO SHARPEN CHAIN:
1. Move ON/STOP switch to the STOP
position.
2. Check chain for proper tension. Adjust
chain tension if necessary.
3. Sharpen cutters.
S To sharpen the cutters, position the
file holder level (90˚) so that it rests
on the top edges of the cutter and
depth gauge.
NOTE: The chain has both left and
right hand cutters.
File Holder
File
Cutter
90˚
Depth Gauge
S Align the 30˚ file holder marks parallel with the bar and to the center of the
chain.
Cutter
Cylinder
Cover
30˚
File Holder Line
Spark
Plug Boot
Spark
Plug
14
Cutter
S Sharpen cutters on one side of the
chain first. File from the inside of each
cutter to the outside. Then, turn the
chain saw around and repeat the process for the other side of the chain.
S File on the forward stroke only. Use 2
or 3 strokes per cutting edge.
S Keep all cutters the same length
when filing.
S File enough to remove any damage
to cutting edges (side plate and top
plate of cutter).
Remove Damage
All Cutters
Same Length
Top Plate
Side Plate
S File chain to meet the specifications
as shown.
80˚
60˚
30˚
Hook Angle
0,65 mm
Right
Too Much Hook Angle
Rounded
Corner
Squared Off
Corner
Wrong
WARNING: Maintain the proper hook
angle according to the manufacturer’s specifications for the chain you are using. Improper
hook angle will increase the chance of kickback which can result in serious injury.
4. Check and lower depth gauges.
File
Depth Gauge Tool
Depth Gauge
S Place gauge tool on cutter.
S If the depth gauge is higher than the
depth gauge tool, file it level to the top of
the depth gauge tool.
S Maintain rounded front corner of
depth gauge with a flat file.
NOTE: The very top of the depth
gauge should be flat with the front
half rounded off with a flat file.
If you require further assistance or are unsure
about performing this procedure, contact your
authorized service dealer.
CARBURETOR ADJUSTMENT
WARNING: The chain will be moving
during most of this procedure. Wear your protective equipment and observe all safety precautions. The chain must not move at idle
speed.
The carburetor has been carefully set at the
factory. Adjustments may be necessary if
you notice any of the following conditions:
S Chain moves at idle. See IDLE SPEED--T
adjusting procedure.
S Saw will not idle. See IDLE SPEED--T adjusting procedure.
Idle Speed--T
Allow engine to idle. If the chain moves, idle
is too fast. If the engine stalls, idle is too slow.
Adjust speed until engine runs without chain
movement (idle too fast) or stalling (idle too
slow). The idle speed screw is located in the
area above the primer bulb and is labeled T.
S Turn idle speed screw (T) clockwise to increase engine speed.
S Turn idle speed screw (T) counterclockwise to decrease engine speed.
STORAGE
WARNING: Stop engine and allow to
cool, and secure the unit before storing or
transporting in a vehicle. Store unit and fuel
in an area where fuel vapors cannot reach
sparks or open flames from water heaters,
electric motors or switches, furnaces, etc.
Store unit with all guards in place. Position so
that any sharp object cannot accidentally
cause injury to passersby. Store the unit out
of reach of children.
S Before storing, drain all fuel from the unit.
Start engine and allow to run until it stops.
S Clean the unit before storing. Pay particular attention to the air intake area, keeping
it free of debris. Use a mild detergent and
sponge to clean the plastic surfaces.
S Do not store the unit or fuel in a closed area
where fuel vapors can reach sparks or an
open flame from hot water heaters, electric
motors or switches, furnaces, etc.
S Store in a dry area out of the reach of children.
S Ensure the machine is cleaned and that a
complete service is carried out before
long--term storage.
S The guide bar and chain must always be
covered with a scabbard when the machine
is being transported or in storage in order to
prevent accident contact with the sharp
chain. Even a non--moving chain can cause
serious cuts to yourself or persons you
bump into with an exposed chain.
CAUTION: It is important to prevent
gum deposits from forming in essential fuel
system parts such as the carburetor, fuel filter, fuel hose, or fuel tank during storage. Alcohol blended fuels (called gasohol or using
ethanol or methanol) can attract moisture
which leads to fuel mixture separation and
formation of acids during storage. Acidic gas
can damage the engine.
15
TROUBLESHOOTING TABLE
WARNING:
Always stop unit and disconnect spark plug before performing all of
the recommended remedies below except remedies that require operation of the unit.
TROUBLE
CAUSE
Engine will not
start or will run
only a few
seconds after
starting.
1. Ignition switch off.
2. Engine flooded.
REMEDY
Engine will
not idle
properly.
1. Idle speed requires
adjustment.
2. Carburetor requires
adjustment.
Engine will not
accelerate,
lacks power,
or dies under
a load.
Engine
smokes
excessively.
Chain moves
at idle speed.
1.
2.
3.
4.
3. Fuel tank empty.
4. Spark plug not firing.
5. Fuel not reaching
carburetor.
1. Move ignition switch to ON.
2. See “Difficult Starting” in
Operation Section.
3. Fill tank with correct fuel mixture.
4. Install new spark plug.
5. Check for dirty fuel filter; replace.
Check for kinked or split fuel line;
repair or replace.
1. See “Carburetor Adjustment” in the
Service and Adjustments Section.
2. Contact an authorized service dealer.
Air filter dirty.
Spark plug fouled.
Chain brake engaged.
Carburetor requires
adjustment.
1. Too much oil mixed with
gasoline.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Clean or replace air filter.
Clean or replace plug and regap.
Disengage chain brake.
Contact an authorized service dealer.
1. Idle speed requires
adjustment.
2. Clutch requires repair.
1. See “Carburetor Adjustment” in the
Service and Adjustments Section.
2. Contact an authorized service dealer.
1. Empty fuel tank and refill with
correct fuel mixture.
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
EC Declaration of Conformity (Only applies to Europe)
We, Husqvarna AB, SE--561 82 Huskvarna, Sweden, Tel: +46--36--146000, as authorised
representative in the Community, declare that the chain saw model McCulloch Mac 842
SAS-AV from serial numbers 2009--031(N or D)00001 and onwards (the year is clearly stated
on the rating plate, followed by the serial number), comply with the requirements of the
COUNCIL’S DIRECTIVES:
of 22 June 1998 “relating to machinery” 98/37/EC, annex IIA;
of 15 December 2004 “relating to electromagnetic compatibility” 2004/108/EC, and applicable
supplements; and
of 8 May 2000 “relating to the noise emissions in the environment” in accordance with Annex
V of 2000/14/EC. The measured sound power is 108,7 dB(A), the guaranteed sound power is
113 dB(A) and the net power is 1,6 kW.
The following standards have been applied: ISO 11681-- 1:2004, EN/ISO 12100-- 1:2003,
EN/ISO 12100-- 2:2003, and CISPR 12:2001.
Notified body, 0404 the Swedish Machinery Testing Institute, Fyrisborgsgatan 3 S--754 50
Uppsala, Sweden, has carried out EC type approval. The certificate(s) is numbered:
404/06/1138.
The supplied Chain Saw conforms with the sample that underwent the EC type approval.
09--1--31
Ronnie E. Goldman, Director of Engineering
Handheld Consumer Products
16
TECHNICAL DATA SHEET
Engine
Cylinder volume, cm3
Stroke, mm
Idle speed, rpm
Recommended max.
speed, unloaded, rpm
Power, kW
Ignition system
Manufacturer
Type of ignition system
Spark plug
Electrode gap, mm
Noise levels
Equivalent (see note 1) noise
pressure level at operator’s ear,
measured according to relevant
international standards, dB(A)
Equivalent (see note 1) noise
power level, measured
according to relevant
international standards, dB(A)
Mac 842
42
32
3,000
12,000
1,6
Walbro
Inductive
Champion
0,5
Vibration levels
(see note 2)
Front handle, m/s2
Rear handle, m/s2
Fuel and lubrication system
Manufacturer
Zama
Carburetor type
W--26B
Fuel capacity, litre
0,34
Oil pump capacity at
8500 rpm, ml/min
4 -- 8
Oil capacity, litre
0,2
Type of oil pump
Automatic
Weight
Without bar and chain, kg
Length
Inches
14
14
16
16
18
18
Mac 842
99,7
108,7
5,4
5,4
Chain/bar
Standard bar length,
in/cm
14/35 16/40 18/45
Recommended
bar lengths,in/cm
14/35 16/40 18/45
Usable cutting length,
in/cm
13,5/34 15,5/39 17,5/44
Chain speed at
maximum power,
m/sec
18,5
Pitch, inches
0,375
Thickness of drive
link, mm
1,3
No. of teeth on drive sprocket
6
5,5
BAR
CHAIN
Pitch
Max
Inches Tip Radius
0,375
7T Oregon 91VJ
0,375
7T Oregon 91VG
0,375
7T Oregon 91VJ
0,375
7T Oregon 91VG
0,375
7T Oregon 91VJ
0,375
7T Oregon 91VG
Note 1: Equivalent noise level is, according to
ISO 22868, calculated as the time--weighted
energy total for noise levels under various
working conditions with the following time distribution, 1/3 idle, 1/3 full load, 1/3 full speed.
Note 2: Equivalent vibration level is, according
to ISO 22867, calculated as the time--weighted
energy total for vibration levels under various
working conditions with the following time distribution: 1/3 idle, 1/3 full load, 1/3 full speed.
in/cm :dl
91VJ
0,375
0,050/1,3
5/32 / 4,0
80°
30°
0°
0,025/0,65
14/35:52
16/40:56
18/45:62
91VG
0,375
0,050/1,3
5/32 / 4,0
80°
30°
0°
0,025/0,65
14/35:52
16/40:56
18/45:62
17