important safety instructions - Snap

Safety Information
The signal word indicates the level of the hazard in a situation.
• DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous situation which,
if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury to the
operator or bystanders.
• WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation which,
if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury to the
operator or bystanders.
• CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, may result in moderate or minor injury to the
operator or bystanders.
• IMPORTANT indicates a situation which, if not avoided, may
result in damage to the test equipment or vehicle.
Safety messages in this section contain three different type
styles.
• Normal type states the hazard.
• Bold type states how to avoid the hazard.
• Italic type states the possible consequences of not avoiding
the hazard.
An icon, when present, gives a graphical description of the
potential hazard.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Power
Risk of a lack of oxygen.
— Vehicle exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide.
— Refrigerant gas can displace air in work area.
• Use your ECO unit in locations with mechanical
ventilation providing at least four air changes per
hour.
Impairment of breathing can cause injury.
Risk of electric shock and fire.
• To avoid electric shock the power cord must be
connected to a properly grounded A.C. outlet.
• Do not remove or bypass the grounding pin.
• Use the proper A.C. outlet for the unit to operate
correctly. See the ID plate on the back of the unit.
• Extension cords are not recommended. If an
extension cord must be used, use:
— 16 AWG for cords up to 50', and
— 14 AWG for cords greater than 50' but less
than 100'.
• Do not use on wet surfaces or expose to rain
• Use only fuses with the rating specified near the
fuse holder.
Electric shock and fire can cause injury.
II
Safety Information
Refrigerant
Risk of expelling refrigerant under pressure.
• Wear safety goggles and protective gloves, user
and bystander. Everyday eyeglasses only have
impact resistant lenses, they are NOT safety
glasses. If any refrigerant gets into the eyes,
flush with water and seek a doctor's aid
immediately, even though irritation may cease.
• Do not remove master filter while under pressure.
Perform maintenance procedure for removing
master filter in Chapter 3–Changing the Master
Filter .
• Prevent refrigerant from contacting the skin.
Expelled refrigerate can cause injury.
Risk of explosion.
• Do not use compressed shop air for leak detection
or to pressure test a system containing
refrigerant. Refrigerant can form combustible
mixtures at pressures above atmospheric and with
air concentrations greater than 60% by volume.
• Do not heat a container of refrigerant above 125°F
(52°C).
Explosion can cause injury.
Risk of fire.
• Do not use this equipment in the vicinity of spilled
or opened containers of gasoline.
• Do not use your ECO unit or any leak detector
equipment if R-12 substitutes are suspected. R-12
refrigerant substitutes may be flammable.
Fire can cause injury.
Risk of poison.
• Avoid breathing air conditioning refrigerant and
lubricant vapor or mist.
• Do not allow refrigerant to contact open flame or
be drawn into a running engine. This can cause
refrigerant to become poisonous phosgene gas.
• Use your ECO unit to remove refrigerant from air
conditioning systems.
Exposure can irritate eyes, nose and throat.
III
Safety Information
Risk of irritation to mucous membranes.
• Avoid breathing A/C refrigerant and lubricant
vapor or mist. Exposure may irritate eyes, nose
and throat. To remove HFC-134a from the A/C
system, use service equipment certified to meet
the requirements of SAE J2210 (HFC-134a
Recycling Equipment). Additional health and
safety information may be obtained from the
refrigerant and lubricant manufacturers.
Exposure can irritate eyes, nose and throat.
Oil (Lubricant)
Risk of expelling oil under pressure.
• Wear safety goggles and protective gloves, user
and bystander. Everyday eyeglasses only have
impact resistant lenses, they are NOT safety
glasses. If any oil gets into the eyes, flush with
water and seek a doctor's aid immediately, even
though irritation may cease.
Expelled oil can cause injury.
General
Engine systems can malfunction expelling fuel, oil
vapors, hot steam, hot toxic exhaust gases, acid,
refrigerant and other debris.
• Wear safety goggles and protective gloves, user
and bystander. Everyday eyeglasses only have
impact resistant lenses, they are NOT safety
glasses.
• Service should be performed by a certified A/C
service technician.
Engine systems that malfunction can cause injury.
The engine compartment contains electrical connections
and hot or moving parts.
• Keep yourself, test leads, clothing and other
objects clear of electrical connections and hot or
moving engine parts.
• Do not place test equipment or tools on fenders or
other places in the engine compartment.
Contact with electrical connections and hot or
moving parts can cause injury.
Service hoses can not withstand high temperatures or
severe mechanical stress.
• Keep the service hoses away from moving or hot
engine parts.
Service hoses can split or burst causing injury.
IV
Safety Information
Risk of explosion if improper tank is used.
• Do not use any tank with this equipment other
than part number EAA0157C00A for R-12 or
EAA0158C00A for R-134a. These tanks are D.O.T.
certified for refilling. D.O.T certified tanks are
marked "D.O.T. 4BA 350" or "D.O.T. 4BA 400".
Explosion can cause injury.
Removing tubing assemblies may discharge refrigerant.
• Wear safety goggles and protective gloves, user
and bystander. Everyday eyeglasses only have
impact resistant lenses, they are NOT safety
glasses.
Expelled refrigerant may cause injury.
A test vehicle may move if not properly prepared.
• Block the drive wheels before performing a test
with the engine running. Unless instructed
otherwise, set the parking brake and put the gear
selector in neutral (manual transmission) or park
(automatic transmission). If the vehicle has an
automatic parking brake release, disconnect the
release mechanism for testing and reconnect it
when testing is completed.
• Do not leave a running engine unattended.
A moving vehicle can cause injury.
Risk of injury.
• This equipment should be operated by qualified
personnel only.
• Use this equipment only as described in this
manual. Use only the manufacturer’s
recommended attachments.
• Do not operate equipment with a damaged cord or
if the equipment has been dropped or damaged,
until it has been examined by a qualified service
representative. Care should be taken to arrange
the power cord so that it will not be tripped over
or pulled.
• Always unplug equipment from electrical outlet
when not in use. Never use the cord to pull the
plug from the outlet. Grasp the plug and pull to
disconnect.
• Let the equipment cool completely before putting
it away. Loop the power cord loosely in proper
location when storing.
Operation of your ECO unit by anyone other than
qualified personnel may result in injury.
V
Safety Information
Risk of refrigerant leakage.
• Hose couplings are not self closing. Always close
the valves on the gauge set before disconnecting
a hose.
Loosened hose couplings can leak refrigerant into
the atmosphere.
Misdiagnosis may lead to incorrect or improper repair
and/or adjustment.
• Do not rely on erratic, questionable, or obviously
erroneous test information or results. If test
information or results are erratic, questionable, or
obviously erroneous, make sure that all
connections are correct and that the test
procedure was performed correctly. Refer also to
the Maintenance/Troubleshooting section and
perform tests and make repairs as required. If
test information or results are still suspicious, do
not use them for diagnosis. Contact your Snap-on
Representative.
Improper repair and/or adjustment may cause
vehicle or equipment damage or unsafe operation.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
VI
Table of Contents
Safety .................................................................................................................... I
Introduction ...................................................................................................... 1-1
Refrigerant Gases .................................................................................................................... 1-2
Refrigerant Handling .................................................................................................... 1-3
Refrigerant Safety ...................................................................................................... 1-3
Refrigerant Substitute Warning .................................................................................... 1-4
Refrigerant Oils .......................................................................................................... 1-5
Refrigerant Oil Safety .................................................................................................. 1-5
Functional Description .............................................................................................................. 1-6
Front View .................................................................................................................. 1-6
Back View .................................................................................................................. 1-9
R-12 Accessories ...................................................................................................... 1-10
R-134a Accessories .................................................................................................. 1-11
Specifications .......................................................................................................................... 1-12
General .................................................................................................................... 1-12
Operating .................................................................................................................. 1-12
Storage .................................................................................................................... 1-12
Capacities ................................................................................................................ 1-12
Installation and Operation ................................................................................ 2-1
Connecting the Service Hoses to your ECO unit .......................................................... 2-1
Component Identification .......................................................................................................... 2-2
Preparing and Installing the Recovery Tank ................................................................ 2-3
Tank Preparation .......................................................................................................... 2-3
Operation .................................................................................................................................. 2-7
Preliminary Checks ...................................................................................................... 2-8
Connecting the Service Hoses to the Vehicle .............................................................. 2-9
Recover/Recycle Refrigerant From the Vehicle .......................................................... 2-10
Purging Non-condensable Gas .................................................................................. 2-11
Evacuating the A/C System ...................................................................................... 2-12
Charging the A/C System .......................................................................................... 2-13
Displaying the Refrigerant Amount ............................................................................ 2-14
Tank Full/Empty ........................................................................................................ 2-14
Removing the Recovery Tank .................................................................................... 2-14
Evacuating the Service Hoses .................................................................................. 2-15
Adding Refrigerant to your ECO Unit ........................................................................ 2-15
Maintenance ...................................................................................................... 3-1
Equipment Tips ..........................................................................................................
Master Filter ..............................................................................................................................
Moisture Indicator ........................................................................................................
Master Filter Maintenance Schedule ............................................................................
Changing the Master Filter ..........................................................................................
Pump ........................................................................................................................................
Maintaining the Pump ..................................................................................................
Prolonged Storage of your ECO unit ........................................................................................
Troubleshooting ........................................................................................................................
Replacement Parts ......................................................................................................
Optional Accessories ..................................................................................................
3-1
3-2
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-8
i
Table of Contents
ii
Table of Illustrations
Introduction
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
1-1:
1-2:
1-3:
1-4:
1-5:
Front View ............................................................................................................ 1-6
Typical Port Designation........................................................................................ 1-8
Back View ............................................................................................................ 1-9
R-12 Accessories .............................................................................................. 1-10
R-134a Accessories .......................................................................................... 1-11
Installation and Operation
Figure 2-1: Service Hoses and Gauge Sets .......................................................................... 2-2
Figure 2-2: Recovery Tank and Temperature Probe .............................................................. 2-6
Figure 2-3: Service Hose Connections to the Vehicle ............................................................ 2-9
Maintenance
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
3-1:
3-2:
3-3:
3-4:
Moisture Indicator Chart ......................................................................................
Master Filter Maintenance Schedule ....................................................................
Master Filter ........................................................................................................
Pump ....................................................................................................................
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
iii
Trademark and Copyright information
Trademark Acknowledgements
Snap-on ® is a registered trademark of Snap-on Technologies, Inc.. (USA and Canada)
Equiserv ® is a registered trademark of Snap-on Tools Company. (USA)
Equiserv ® is a registered trademark of Snap-on Technologies, Inc. (Canada)
ECO ™ is a trademark of Snap-on Tools Company. (USA and Canada)
Copyright Information
ECO User’s Manual ©1999 Snap-on Incorporated.
The information, specifications and illustrations in this manual are based on the latest
information available at the time of printing. Snap-on reserves the right to make
changes at any time without notice.
iv
Using this Manual
This manual contains instructions for use and setup of your
ECO unit. A table of contents and table of illustrations are
provided to make this manual easy to use.
Some of the information shown in text or illustrations is obtained
using optional equipment. A Snap-on Sales Representative
can determine option availability.
Conventions
This section contains a list of conventions used in text.
Service and Manifold Hand Valves
References in text to opening and closing the manifold hand
valves assume:
• Clockwise closes the valves, and
• Counterclockwise opens the valves.
References in text to opening and closing the service hose
valves assume:
• Valve is open with the lever parallel to the hose, and
• Valve is closed with the lever perpendicular to the hose.
References in text to opening and closing the 134a couplers
assume:
• Counterclockwise closes the valves, and
• Clockwise opens the valves.
Check Note
A check note provides additional information about the subject
in the preceding paragraph.
Example:
3 For additional information refer to Chapter
2–Connecting Service Hoses to ECO and Chapter
2–Connecting Service Hoses to Vehicle.
Equipment Tips
Equipment tips provide information that applies to specific
equipment. Each tip is introduced by this icon p for easy
identification.
Example:
pNever attempt to change the recovery tank during unit
operation. For additional information refer to Chapter
2–Removing Recovery Tank.
v
Using this Manual
Equipment Damage
Situations arise during testing that could damage the vehicle or
the test equipment. The word IMPORTANT signals these
situations.
Example:
Failure to follow these instructions could damage
the compressor.
Safety Messages
Safety messages are provided to help prevent personal injury
and equipment damage. All safety messages are introduced by
a signal word indicating the hazard level. The types of safety
messages are:
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which,
if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury
to the operator or to bystanders.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, could result in death or serious injury
to the operator or to bystanders.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury
to the operator or to bystanders.
Some safety messages also contain visual symbols with signal
words.
Example:
Engine systems can malfunction expelling fuel, oil
vapors, hot steam, hot toxic exhaust gases, acid,
refrigerant and other debris.
Wear safety goggles and protective gloves, user and
bystander. Everyday eyeglasses only have impact
resistant lenses, they are NOT safety glasses.
Engine systems that malfunction can cause injury..
vi
Using this Manual
Terms
Use the following definitions as a foundation to help understand
your ECO units processes and/or components.
Virgin Tank
A refrigerant tank, disposable or refillable, that contains new
refrigerant. When empty, a disposable virgin tank must be
evacuated and cannot be refilled. Dispose of this evacuated
tank in accordance with local, state and federal regulations that
apply in your area. A refillable virgin tank should be returned to
your supplier.
Recovery Tank
A refrigerant tank designed to store refrigerant recovered from a
vehicle or transferred from a virgin tank.
Recover
The process of removing refrigerant from a system to prevent
release of refrigerant into the atmosphere. On your ECO unit,
this process is part of recycle.
Recycle
The process of removing refrigerant from a system, filtering,
drying and storing it in the recovery tank.
3 Recycle is the only process that removes refrigerant.
There is not a separate recovery process.
3 Your ECO unit is a single pass unit.
This means
refrigerant is filtered and dried before reaching the
recovery tank. Once in the recovery tank, it is ready
for reuse, after manual purging, if necessary. There is
no separate "recycle" process to perform.
Evacuate
The process of drawing a vacuum on a refrigerant system to
remove air and moisture. On your ECO unit, this process is
known as vacuum.
Charge
The process of filling an air conditioning system with refrigerant.
Purging
The process of bleeding off non-condensable gases from the
recovery tank.
Stable Scale
The situation where the reading from the refrigerant weight
measuring device is steady. Moving your ECO unit causes the
liquid refrigerant to slosh around in the recovery tank, resulting
in an unsteady scale reading. Avoid moving your ECO unit
before taking scale readings.
vii
Using this Manual
viii
Safety Information
Safety Notice
For your safety, read this manual thoroughly before operating
your ECO unit.
Your ECO unit is intended for use by properly trained, skilled
professional automotive technicians. The safety messages
presented below and throughout this user's manual are
reminders to the operator to exercise care when using this unit.
There are many variations in procedures, techniques, tools, and
parts for servicing vehicles, as well as in the skill of the
individual doing the work. Because of the vast number of test
applications and variations in the products that can be tested
with this instrument, Snap-on cannot possibly anticipate or
provide advice or safety messages to cover every situation. It
is the automotive technicians responsibility to be knowledgeable
of the system that is to be tested. It is essential to use proper
service methods and test procedures and to perform tests in an
appropriate and acceptable manner that does not endanger
your safety, the safety of others in the work area, or the vehicle
or equipment being tested.
It is assumed that the operator has a thorough understanding of
vehicle air conditioning systems before using this ECO unit.
This understanding of principles and operating theories is
necessary for competent, safe and accurate use of this
instrument.
Before using your ECO unit, always refer to and follow the
safety messages and applicable test procedures provided by
the manufacturer of the vehicle or equipment being tested.
Read All Instructions
Read, understand and follow all safety messages and
instructions in this manual and on the test equipment. Safety
messages in this section of the manual contain a signal word
with a three-part message and, in some instances, an icon.
I
1
Introduction
Use your ECO unit on automotive air conditioning systems to:
• Recover,
— Remove refrigerant from vehicle,
• Recycle,
— Filter, dry and store recovered refrigerant in a refillable
tank,
• Evacuate,
— Remove air and moisture from air conditioning system
using a vacuum pump to draw the system into a deep
vacuum, and
• Recharge,
— Refill the air conditioning system with a specified amount
of refrigerant.
Your ECO unit is a single pass design. This means recovered
refrigerant is filtered and dried before entering the recovery
tank. Refrigerant in the tank is always ready for use, after
manual purging, if necessary. See Chapter 2 - Recovering
Refrigerant From Vehicle. There is no need to perform a
separate recycle function. Recover, evacuate and recharge
functions are performed manually.
This manual applies to the following ECO models:
Model Number
EEAC307B
EEAC307C
EEAC308B
EEAC308C
Refrigerant Type
R-12
R-12
R-134a
R-134a
Voltage
120 VAC
120 VAC
120 VAC
120 VAC
References in text to ECO apply to all models. When a
difference exists, the difference is specified.
Your ECO unit includes:
• A Liquid Crystal Display (LCD),
• A Standard gauge set with service hoses, fittings, and
adapters,
• A 30 pound capacity recovery tank and electronic scale,
• A Master filter, and
• An Oil cup.
3 The recovery tank is temperature-monitored to maintain
accurate purging of non-condensable gases under all
conditions.
1-1
Introduction
Refrigerant Gases
Halogens are any of the five elements (fluorine, chlorine,
bromine, iodine and astatine) that form part of group 7a of the
Periodic Table of Elements. The fluorine and chlorine elements
of this family are used to create a methane organic compound
used to form dichlorodifluoromethane (CCL2F2 ), a halogenated
hydrocarbon called CFC-12 (chlorofluorocarbon 12). This
refrigerant gas is commonly known as Refrigerant-12, or R-12,
and has been used as a refrigerant in mobile air conditioning
systems for many years.
The new refrigerant in the halogenated hydrocarbon family,
HFC-134a (CH2FCF3 ), or R-134a, is now being incorporated in
mobile air conditioning systems. HFC stands for
hydrofluorocarbon.
The environmental impact of mobile air conditioning refrigerant
containing chlorine (R-12) has caused regulatory action that will
eventually eliminate the use of such products. Regulatory
action is necessary because when the chlorine content in R-12
is exposed to the atmosphere:
• It depletes the protective ozone layer in the atmosphere,
• It has relatively high global warming potential, and
• Its long atmospheric lifetime is approximately 120 years.
R-134a has been developed for new vehicle production but
does not replace or directly substitute for R-12 in existing
vehicles. R-134a does not contain chlorine, does not deplete
the ozone layer in the atmosphere and has an atmospheric
lifetime of about 15.5 years.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state regulations
specify that:
• Provisions be made to certify all air conditioning service,
installation and repair personnel,
• Refrigerant be recovered, recycled or reclaimed from
automotive air conditioning systems, instead of allowing
vapors to be expelled, or vented, into the atmosphere, and
• Refrigerant be recycled and reused, or properly disposed of,
instead of allowing vapors to be expelled, or vented, into the
atmosphere.
Mobile air conditioning service, installation and repair
technicians must be qualified and certified.
1-2
Introduction
Refrigerant Handling
Mobile air conditioning systems contain chemical mixtures that
require special handling to avoid injury and to avoid venting
refrigerant into the atmosphere.
Do not discharge any refrigerant gas, vapor or liquid from a
refrigeration system into the atmosphere. If service is required
that involves opening the refrigerant system, use a certified
recovery system.
Refrigerant Safety
• Wear safety goggles and protective gloves, user
and bystander. Everyday eyeglasses only have
impact resistant lenses, they are NOT safety
glasses. If any refrigerant gets into the eyes,
flush with water and seek a doctor's aid
immediately, even though irritation may cease.
• Do not remove master filter while under pressure.
Follow instructions for removing master filter. For
additional information refer to Chapter
3–Changing the Master Filter .
• Prevent refrigerant from contacting the skin.
• Read, understand and follow Safety Information in
the front of this manual.
• Use your ECO unit in locations with mechanical
ventilation providing at least four air changes per
hour.
• Avoid breathing air conditioning refrigerant and
lubricant vapor or mist.
• Do not allow refrigerant to contact open flame or
be drawn into a running engine. This can cause
refrigerant to become poisonous phosgene gas.
• Use your ECO unit to remove refrigerant from air
conditioning systems.
• Read, understand and follow Safety Information in
the front of this manual.
• Tighten all tubing connections properly.
Insufficient or excessive torque can result in loose
joints or deformed parts. Either condition can
result in refrigerant leakage.
1-3
Introduction
Refrigerant Substitute Warning
• Do not use your ECO unit or any leak detector
equipment if R-12 substitutes are suspected. R-12
refrigerant substitutes may be flammable.
• Read, understand and follow Safety Information in
the front of this manual.
Aftermarket R-12 refrigerant substitutes are being sold that are
dangerous or potentially flammable gases. These products
contain a blend of butane, isobutane and propane and have the
potential for explosion. Some of these products are:
• OZ-12,
• Refrigerant-176,
• Arctic Chill R-176, and
• GHG Refrigerant 12.
Some vehicles using OZ-12 can be identified by a label that
may be placed in the engine compartment, but many cannot be
identified. Studies are currently being conducted to develop a
procedure to identify the type of refrigerant in a refrigerant
system. State agencies and the Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) are moving to ban flammable substitutes.
If it is suspected that a refrigerant system contains a product of
this type:
• Question the customer about previous service,
• Be aware of any unfamiliar odor from the system,
• Do not use any leak detector equipment,
• Do not use recycling equipment, and
• Contact your state fire marshall or local EPA office.
1-4
Introduction
Refrigerant Oils
In mobile air conditioning units, the lubricant needed for the
compressor is blended with the refrigerant. Mineral (petroleum)
oils were used with R-12 systems. Mineral oils are not soluble
in R-134a and the industry had to substitute synthetic
lubricating fluids for the mineral oils. Polyalkylene glycol oils
(PAGs) were the first synthetics to meet the auto a/c
compressor manufacturers performance criteria, and most
automakers and compressor manufacturers devised their retrofit
specifications with PAGs in mind. Since then, polyol ester oils
(ESTERS or POEs) have been tested and also have been found
to meet the the performance criteria. Although POEs have not
been approved by the automakers or a/c compressor
manufacturers, POEs are frequently used in a/c retrofits in the
automotive aftermarket.
Refrigerant Oil Safety
Risk of irritation of mucous membranes.
• Wear safety goggles and protective gloves, user
and bystander. Everyday eyeglasses only have
impact resistant lenses, they are NOT safety
glasses. If any refrigerant gets into the eyes,
flush with water and seek a doctor's aid
immediately, even though irritation may cease.
• Avoid breathing A/C refrigerant and lubricant
vapor or mist. Exposure may irritate eyes, nose
and throat. To remove HFC-134a from the A/C
system, use service equipment certified to meet
the requirements of SAE J2210 (HFC-134a
Recycling Equipment). Additional health and
safety information may be obtained from
refrigerant and lubricant manufacturers.
Exposure can irritate eyes, nose and throat.
1-5
Introduction
Functional Description
Front View
Figure 1-1: Front View
A — Gauge Set
High and low pressure gauge manifold set for monitoring air
conditioning system pressures. Right hand valve opens and
closes the high-side service hose passage to your ECO unit.
Left hand valve opens and closes the low-side service hose
passage to your ECO unit.
Control Panel
Houses display screen and control buttons.
Mode Button
Changes LCD display between gross weight of recovery tank
and tare weight, which zeroes the display for indication of
charged or recycled amount.
1-6
Introduction
Control Knob
Used to select Vacuum, Off, or Recycle.
Compressor Power Switch
Turns recovery compressor on and off. Must be on (I) for unit
operation.
Unit On Indicator
Lights when power cord is connected to A.C. power.
Compressor On Indicator
Lights when compressor is running.
High Pressure Indicator
Lights when the recovery tank pressure is above 300 psi. Tank
pressure above 300 psi typically means non-condensable gases
should be vented from the recovery tank. For additional
information refer to Chapter 2–Purging Non-condensable
Gas.
Tank Full Indicator
Lights when the recovery tank weight reaches 40 pounds.
Overload Indicator
Lights when compressor approaches a stall condition. Stop
procedure in process to prevent compressor damage when
overload indicator lights.
Temperature Display
Shows the recovery tank temperature. Use this along with
pressure/temperature chart on front panel when purging noncondensable gas. For additional information refer to Chapter
2 – Purging Non-condensable Gas.
Pressure Gauge
Shows the recovery tank pressure. Use this along with
pressure/temperature chart on front panel when purging noncondensable gas. For additional information refer to Chapter
2 – Purging Non-condensable Gas.
Purge Button
Used when purging non-condensable gases from the recovery
tank. For additional information refer to Chapter 2 – Purging
Non-condensable Gas.
LCD Display
Shows charged, recovered amounts or gross weight of the
recovery tank. Also Indicates software version, “Tank Full” and
“Tank Empty” conditions.
1-7
Introduction
B — Moisture Indicator
Shows moisture level in recycled refrigerant. When moisture
indicator changes color, master filter maintenance is required.
For additional information refer to Chapter 3–Master Filter.
C — Hour Meter (on left side of unit)
Registers recovery compressor run time to guide master filter
maintenance. For additional information refer to Chapter
3–Master Filter.
D — Service Port (on side of unit)
The yellow service hose from the gauge set attaches to the
service port.
Figure 1-2: Typical Port Designation
1-8
Introduction
Back View
Figure 1-3: Back View
A — Master Filter
B — Scale
Consists of a 10 micron particulate filter and desiccant to
remove moisture. For additional information refer to Chapter
3–Changing the Master Filter.
Electronically measures the amount of refrigerant dispensed,
recycled, and remaining in the recovery tank.
— Oil Separator (internal)
Removes oil and other contaminant’s from the refrigerant being
recycled.
D — Service Port (on side)
The yellow service hose from the gauge set attaches to the
service port.
E — Oil Drain Valve
Used to drain recovered oil from the unit after every
recover/recycle operation.
F — Oil Cup
Used to measure the amount of recovered oil.
1-9
Introduction
R-12 Accessories
Figure 1-4: R-12 Accessories
A — Gauge Set
High and low pressure gauge manifold set monitors air
conditioning system pressures. Right hand valve opens and
closes the high-side service hose passage to your ECO unit.
Left hand valve opens and closes the low-side service hose
passage to your ECO unit.
B — Service Hoses
Red, blue and yellow hoses for connecting gauge set to the
vehicle and your ECO unit. For additional information refer to
Chapter 2–Connecting Service Hoses to ECO and Chapter
2–Connecting Service Hoses to Vehicle.
C — GM Adapter
Connects to the high-side service port on GM vehicles.
D — Ford Adapter
Connects to the high-side service port on Ford vehicles.
1-10
Introduction
R-134a Accessories
Figure 1-5
R-134a Accessories
A — Gauge Set
High and low pressure gauge manifold set monitors air
conditioning system pressures. Right hand valve opens and
closes the high-side service hose passage to your ECO unit.
Left hand valve opens and closes the low-side service hose
passage to your ECO unit.
B — Service Hoses
Red, blue and yellow hoses for connecting gauge set to the
vehicle and your ECO unit. For additional information refer to
Chapter 2–Connecting Service Hoses to ECO and Chapter
2–Connecting Service Hoses to Vehicle.
C — Shut-off Adapters
Connects to the high-side and the low-side service ports of the
vehicle.
1-11
Introduction
Specifications
General
Power
120 VAC, 50/60 Hz, 4 amps
Shipping Weight
120 pounds
Dimensions
Depth
Height
Width
12"
45"
18"
Operating
Operating Temperature Range
50–120°F ambient
Maximum Operating Pressure
300 psig
Pressure Range
30 inHg–300 psi
Refrigerant Charge Amount
0–25 pounds
Recovery Amount
0–25 pounds
Recycled Refrigerant Tank
30 lb. with purge port
Storage
Temperature
-4–158°F (20–70°C)
Relative Humidity
Up to 80%, non-condensing
Capacities
Recovery
Up to 25 lbs total
1-12
Installation
and Operation
2
Use the information in this chapter to:
• Prepare your ECO unit for initial use,
• Recover vehicle refrigerant,
• Create a vacuum before recharging, and
• Recharge with recycled refrigerant.
Connecting Service Hoses to ECO
Use the following procedure to connect service hoses to your
ECO unit. Refer to Figure 2-1.
• Do not use your ECO unit or any leak detector
equipment if R-12 substitutes are suspected. R-12
refrigerant substitutes may be flammable.
• Read, understand and follow Safety Information in
the front of this manual.
• Refer to Page 1-4
3 Confirm refrigerant type in vehicle.
3 Always lubricate rubber gaskets and seals at hose
connections with fresh refrigerant oil before connecting.
3 Tighten hose connections finger tight.
Use electronic
leak detector to insure connections are leak free.
1. Connect one anti-blowback valve, found in unit
accessories, to end of yellow service hose with hand
valve.
2. Attach end of yellow hose without hand valve to center
port of manifold gauge assembly.
3. Attach end of yellow hose with hand valve and antiblowback valve to “Recycle” port on side panel.
4. For R-12 – Attach the end of the blue hose, without hand
valve, to the low side (left) port of the manifold gauge
assembly. Attach the end of the red hose, without hand
valve, to the high side (right) port of the manifold gauge
assembly.
For R-134a – Connect the high (red) and low (blue)
couplers to their respective hoses. Rotate coupler knobs
fully CCW (closed).
2-1
Installation and Operation
Component Identification
Figure 2-1: Service Hoses and Gauge Sets
R-134a
A – Low-Side Blue Hose Coupler with valve
B – Blue Hose
C – High-Side Red Hose Coupler with valve
D – Red Hose
E – Yellow Hose
F – Hand Valve
G – Service Port Fitting
Q – Anti-Blowback Valve
R-12
H – Low-Side Blue Hose Fitting
I – Blue Hose
J – Hand Valve
K – High-Side Red Hose Fitting
L – Red Hose
M – Hand Valve
N – Yellow Hose
O – Hand Valve
P – Service Port Fitting
Q – Anti-Blowback Valve
2-2
Installation and Operation
Preparing and Installing Recovery Tank
The recovery tank is shipped with a dry air charge. The charge
must be vented and the tank evacuated before use. Use the
following procedure to evacuate the dry air from the recovery
tank and install the tank in your ECO unit.
• Do not use any tank with this equipment other
than part number EAA0157C00A for R-12 or
EAA0158C00A for R-134a. These tanks are D.O.T.
certified for refilling. D.O.T certified tanks are
marked "D.O.T. 4BA 350" or "D.O.T. 4BA 400".
• Read, understand and follow Safety Information in
the front of this manual.
Vent and evacuate the recovery tank before first use.
An unprepared tank can cause compressor burnout.
3 The recovery tank must have a minimum of 25 inHg
vacuum when evacuation is complete. If there is not
25 inHg vacuum, check connections and repeat the
procedure.
Tank Preparation
Follow this procedure to install a new recovery tank in your
ECO unit. New recovery tanks are charged with dry air which
must be vented before using.
• Wear safety goggles, user and bystander.Everyday
eyeglasses only have impact resistant lenses,
they are NOT safety glasses.
• Cover the blue hand valve port with a shop towel
to help prevent debris from becoming projectiles.
• Read, understand and follow Safety Information in
the front of this manual.
1. Vent dry air by slowly opening blue hand valve on the
recovery tank.
2. Gently set the recovery tank on the scale with the hand
valves up, facing the respective front of the unit.
3. Place an elastic strap around the recovery tank so that
the bottom of the strap is 2" above the tank center weld.
4. Slide the temperature probe, extending from the cabinet,
between the tank and the strap.
5. Connect the end of the yellow hose with hand valve and
anti-blowback valve to “Recycle” port.
2-3
Installation and Operation
6. Connect the end of the blue service hose leading from
the bottom of the manifold gauge assembly to the blue
(liquid) tank port.
3 For models EEAC308B and EEAC308C, install the
supplied tank adapter, part number 1-15080, between
the tank valve and the blue hose.
7. Open the blue (liquid) tank valve, by turning fully
counterclockwise.
8. Identify the red hose leading from the bottom of the unit.
Connect the hose end with the anti-blowback valve to the
red (vapor) tank port.
9. Close the red (vapor) tank valve, by turning fully
clockwise.
10. Identify the yellow hose leading from the bottom of the
unit. Connect the hose end with the anti-blowback valve
to the tank purge port. Rotate the tank so the yellow
hose goes straight up into the cabinet.
11. Close the hand valve on the red service hose.
12. Open the following:
— Yellow service hose hand valve,
— Blue service hose hand valve, or coupler (CW)
— High side manifold hand valve, and
— Low side manifold hand valve.
13. Turn the compressor switch OFF.
14. Turn the vacuum/recycle valve OFF.
15. Connect the power cord to the proper wall outlet with the
correct voltage for the unit. For additional information
refer to Chapter 2–Specifications.
The UNIT ON indicator illuminates.
16. Turn the compressor switch ON.
The COMPRESSOR ON indicator illuminates and the
compressor activates.
17. Turn the vacuum/recycle valve to VACUUM.
The low side manifold gauge shows vacuum increasing.
18. Monitor the low side manifold gauge until a minimum of
25 inches of mercury is reached.
19. Close the following:
— Blue (liquid) tank hand valve, and
— Blue service hose hand valve, or coupler (CCW).
20. Turn the vacuum/recycle valve OFF.
2-4
Installation and Operation
21. Turn the compressor switch OFF.
The COMPRESSOR ON indicator goes out and the
compressor stops running.
22. Remove the blue service hose from the tank. Remove
the tank adapter 1-15080 if used.
23. Identify the blue hose leading from the bottom of the unit.
Connect the hose end with the anti-blowback valve to the
blue (liquid) tank port.
24. Open the red and blue valves on the recovery tank.
25. Connect the blue service hose from the manifold gauge
assembly to the tank of virgin refrigerant.
3 Position the virgin tank with the valve up.
Do not
use the virgin tank with the valve underneath the
tank.
3 For models EEAC308B and EEAC308C, install the
supplied tank adapter between the tank valve and the
blue hose.
26. Open the:
— Virgin tank valve,
— Blue service hose hand valve, or coupler (CW), and
— Blue manifold hand valve.
27. Turn the compressor switch ON.
The COMPRESSOR ON indicator illuminates and the
compressor activates.
28. Turn the vacuum/recycle valve to RECYCLE.
The refrigerant flows from the virgin tank through your
ECO unit and into the prepared recovery tank.
3
Press the mode button until Tare Weight is displayed.
Monitor the weight on the LCD display until the desired
amount of virgin refrigerant has been transferred.
Refer to Tank Full/Empty in this Chapter.
29. When the desired amount of refrigerant has been
transferred into the recovery tank, close the virgin tank
hand valve.
2-5
Installation and Operation
Risk of expelling refrigerant under pressure.
• Always close the tank valves before removing the
hoses or fittings.
• Wear safety goggles and protective gloves, user
and bystander. Everyday eyeglasses only have
impact resistant lenses, they are NOT safety
glasses. If any refrigerant gets into the eyes,
flush with water and seek a doctor's aid
immediately, even though irritation may cease.
• Prevent refrigerant from contacting the skin.
Expelled refrigerate can cause injury.
30. Allow the recycler to run until 15 inHg vacuum is
reached. Then close the blue service hose valve or
coupler.
31. Turn the vacuum/recycle valve OFF.
32. Turn the compressor switch OFF.
The COMPRESSOR ON indicator goes out and the
compressor stops running.
33. Compare the recovery tank pressure/temperature
relationship with the chart and bleed off any noncondensable gases by pressing the PURGE button.
Refer to Purging non-condensable gas in this chapter.
Figure 2-2: Recovery Tank and Temperature Probe
2-6
Installation and Operation
3 Use only the 30 pound capacity recovery tank supplied
with your ECO unit or one indicated by the warning
label on the back of the unit. Using any other type or
capacity tank could create the danger of explosion and
potential for personal injury. Inaccurate refrigerant
amount may display if the correct tank is not used.
Operation
This section contains:
• Procedures for connecting the service hoses to the vehicle,
and
• Procedures to:
— Recycle vehicle refrigerant,
— Create a vacuum in the A/C system before recharging,
and
— Recharge the A/C system with recycled refrigerant.
After performing all of the installation procedures, follow these
recommended vehicle service procedures before using your
ECO unit for A/C work.
Keep the service hoses away from moving or hot
engine parts. The service hoses can not withstand
high temperatures or severe mechanical stress.
• Close the tank valves when not using your ECO
unit. Leaving tank valves open may result in
refrigerant loss from tank.
• Do not use your ECO unit outside of the following
limits:
— Warmer than 49°C (120°F),
— Colder than 10°C (50°F), and/or
— Relative humidity greater than 80%.
• Stabilize your ECO unit to a moderate temperature
and inspect for abnormalities.
• Contact your Snap-on representative before
operating if unsure of condition.
• Operating your ECO unit with the following
conditions may reduce its functionality:
— Visible evidence of damage,
— Has been subjected to prolonged storage
under unfavorable conditions, or
— Has been subjected to severe transportation
stresses.
2-7
Installation and Operation
Preliminary Checks
Successful use of your ECO unit depends on several external
factors. The following information explains these.
Precondition Vehicle
The refrigerant in the vehicle A/C system is recovered faster
and more completely when the components are warm.
1. Connect the service hoses.
To efficiently recover refrigerant, the vehicle should be at
normal operating temperature. Run the engine until normal
operating temperature is reached, with
•
The A/C system off, and
•
The hood lowered as much as possible without
damaging or crimping the service hoses.
2. Turn off the engine when normal operating temperature
is reached. The unit and vehicle are ready to recover
and recycle refrigerant.
Allow Adequate Evacuation Time
Evacuate the vehicle system for a minimum of 30 minutes. This
helps ensure vehicle A/C system is free of non-condensable
gases (mostly air) and moisture.
3 Sometimes a small amount of refrigerant is left in the
vehicle A/C system that is not practical to recover. If
recovery time is too short or if vehicle components are
cold, this parasitic refrigerant can expand during a
vacuum hold cycle, a leak test, and falsely report a leak
condition that does not really exist.
Follow Vehicle Manufacturer’s A/C Service Procedures
When charging, a slow charge condition may occur due to
pressure equalization between your ECO unit and the vehicle
A/C system. Finish charging by:
•
Closing the high-side manifold valve,
•
Starting the engine, and
•
Turning the A/C system ON.
3 Never operate the vehicle A/C system with the highside manifold valve open.
3 It is the technicians responsibility to be familiar with
vehicle manufacturer recommended service
procedures.
2-8
Installation and Operation
Connecting Service Hoses to Vehicle
Figure 2-3: Service Hose Connections to Vehicle
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Manifold Gauge Set
Yellow Hose
Blue Hose
Low-Side Blue Hose
High-Side Red Hose
Red Hose
Low-Side Blue Hose
High-Side Red Hose
Coupler
Coupler
Fitting
Fitting
Follow this procedure to connect the service hoses to the
vehicle.
1. Connect the red high-side hose with the service fitting
adapter, if applicable, from the manifold gauge set to the
high-side service port on the vehicle.
2. Connect the blue low-side hose with the service fitting
adapter, if applicable, from the manifold gauge set to the
low-side service port on the vehicle.
3 If the vehicle has more than one low-side service port,
use the service port closest to the evaporator.
3. Open the hose hand valves or service couplers.
— Refer to the vehicle manufacturer’s service manual
for proper diagnostic procedures and specifications.
2-9
Installation and Operation
Recover/Recycle Refrigerant from
Vehicle
3 Be sure that the vehicle is at operating temperature
before recovering refrigerant.
1. Open the red (vapor) recovery tank valve.
2. Connect the service hoses to the vehicle. For additional
information refer to Connecting Service Hoses to
Vehicle in this chapter.
3. Open the:
— High (red) side service hose valve or coupler,
— Low (blue) side service hose valve or coupler,
— High (red) manifold hand valve,
— Low (blue) manifold hand valve, and
— Yellow service hose hand valve.
4. Turn the compressor ON.
The COMPRESSOR ON indicator illuminates and the
compressor activates.
5. Turn the vacuum/recycle valve to RECYCLE.
Refrigerant flows from the vehicle, through your ECO
unit, and into the recovery tank.
As refrigerant is recovered, the low side manifold gauge
shows increasing vacuum. Continue recovering until the
low side manifold gauge indicates 15 inHg.
6. Close the:
— High side manifold hand valve, and
— Low side manifold hand valve.
7. Turn the vacuum/recycle valve to OFF.
8. Turn the compressor switch OFF.
The COMPRESSOR ON indicator goes out and the
compressor stops running.
9. Monitor the low side manifold pressure gauge for about 2
minutes.
— No change indicates recovery is complete. Continue
with system repair and/or evacuation.
— A pressure increase indicates more recovery time is
required or the vehicle A/C system has a leak.
Repeat steps 3 through 9.
If the gauge reading still increases, add a partial charge
to the system and leak test with an electronic leak
detector to find the leak.
2-10
Installation and Operation
10. Close the red and blue service hose hand valves or
couplers.
11. Purge the non-condensable gases.
3 For additional information refer to Purging Noncondensable gas in this chapter.
12. Compare the recovery tank pressure/temperature
relationship with the chart and bleed off any noncondensable gases by pressing the Purge valve button.
13. Remove the graduated cup from the lower shelf and hold
it under the Oil Drain valve.
14. Slowly open the oil drain valve. Any accumulated oil
expels into the cup.
15. Close the valve immediately when all of the oil is
expelled. The amount indicated on the cup is the
amount to add back into the vehicle system when
recharging.
3 Discard refrigerant oil in accordance with the laws in
your area.
Purging Non-condensable Gas
3 Be sure to purge non-condensable gases immediately
after each recovery and before each charge.
1. Using the pressure/temperature chart located on the front
panel of the unit, find the temperature that is the same
as the reading on the temperature gauge. Next to the
temperature is a pressure reading. That pressure
reading should be what the pressure gauge indicates.
2. If the pressure is higher, press the purge button on the
front of the unit until the pressure on the gauge is the
same as what is on the chart.
3. Wait a minute and monitor the temperature and pressure
again. If they do not correspond to the chart, purge
again until they do.
2-11
Installation and Operation
Evacuating A/C System
Use this procedure to remove non-condensible gases and
moisture from the vehicle A/C system.
3 If the gauges indicate pressure, recover refrigerant
from the service hoses before proceeding. Refer to
Evacuating Service Hoses in this Chapter.
1. Open the following:
— Red service hose hand valve or coupler,
— Blue service hose hand valve or coupler,
— High side manifold hand valve,
— Low side manifold hand valve, and
— Yellow service hose hand valve.
2. Turn the Compressor switch ON.
The COMPRESSOR ON indicator illuminates and the
compressor activates.
3. Turn the vacuum/recycle valve to VACUUM.
The low side manifold gauge shows vacuum increasing.
3 Follow the manufacturer recommendations for
evacuation time, usually at least 30 minutes.
4. Close the manifold hand valves when the desired
vacuum and duration have been reached.
5. Turn the Vacuum/Recycle valve OFF.
6. Turn the compressor switch OFF.
The COMPRESSOR ON indicator goes out and
compressor stops running.
7. Monitor the low side pressure for 5 minutes.
Any rise in vacuum indicates a leak in the vehicle
system.
3 If the source of the leak cannot be determined, partially
charge the system and perform a leak test using an
electronic leak detector.
8. When the leak is identified, repeat Recover/Recycle
procedure, repair the leak and attempt the Evacuation
procedure again.
Evacuation is complete.
2-12
Installation and Operation
Charging A/C System
1. Close the yellow service hose hand valve.
2. Remove the yellow hose with the anti-blowback valve
from the “Recycle” port and connect it to the “Charge”
port.
3. Open the blue (liquid) tank valve.
4. Press the Mode Button so a tare weight of 0.0 is
displayed.
5. Connect the service hoses to the vehicle. Open the
manifold hand valves.
6. Open the yellow service hose hand valve.
Refrigerant flows from the tank into the vehicle.
7. Monitor the tank weight. When the desired charge
amount is reached, close the yellow service hose hand
valve or couplers.
The refrigerant flow stops.
3 If the desired charge amount cannot be reached:
—
—
—
—
Close the high and low side manifold hand valves,
Run the A/C system,
Open the low side manifold hand valve,
Monitor the tank weight and close the hand valve
when the desired charge amount is reached.
3 When charging, a slow charge condition may occur due
to pressure equalization between your ECO unit and
the vehicle A/C system. Finish charging by:
•
Closing the high-side manifold valve,
•
Starting the engine, and
•
Turning the A/C system ON.
3 Never operate the vehicle A/C system with the high
side manifold valve open.
8. Close the blue (liquid) recovery tank hand valve.
9. Monitor the high and low side system pressures. Refer
to the manufacturers specifications for proper operation
and diagnosis.
3 When charging a vehicle after evacuation, allow for the
capacity of the hoses. Each hose holds approximately
two ounces, so the charge amount should be increased
by two ounces for each hose used.
2-13
Installation and Operation
— If there is not enough refrigerant in the tank to
charge, refer to Adding Refrigerant to ECO in this
chapter.
10. Remove the yellow hose with the anti-blowback valve
from the “CHARGE” port and connect it to the
“RECYCLE” port.
Charge is complete.
Displaying Refrigerant Amount
Use this procedure to determine the amount of refrigerant in the
recovery tank and the amount able to be charged.
1. Press the Mode button until Gross weight displays on the
LCD.
2. This is the total weight of the recovery tank plus recycled
refrigerant. The tank itself weighs approximately 16 lbs..
Approximately 3 lbs of refrigerant is needed to meet the
quill tube in the tank. This makes the “Tank Empty” point
19 lbs. Any refrigerant over this amount is usable for
charging.
Tank Full/Empty
Messages display when the recovery tank is full or empty.
3 The unit may only be used to evacuate and charge an
A/C system when the recovery tank is full.
3 The unit may be used to recycle or evacuate an A/C
system when the recovery tank is empty.
3 “Tank Empty” is displayed when the Gross weight of
the recovery tank is less than approximately 19 lbs.
3 “Tank Full” is displayed when the Gross weight of the
recovery tank is 40 lbs.
Removing Recovery Tank
1. Close both valves on the recovery tank.
2. Disconnect the hoses from the recovery tank.
3. Remove the elastic band and the temperature probe from
the recovery tank.
4. Gently remove the recovery tank from the scale.
2-14
Installation and Operation
Evacuating Service Hoses
Evacuate the service hoses before removing them from the
manifold gauge assembly and whenever contamination is
suspected. Service hoses are not connected to a vehicle during
this procedure.
1. Close the red and blue service hose hand valves.
2. Open the manifold valves.
3. Plug the power cord into a properly grounded A.C. outlet.
See the ID plate on the back of the unit for the correct
A.C. voltage.
4. Turn the Compressor switch ON.
The COMPRESSOR ON indicator illuminates and the
compressor activates.
5. Turn the vacuum/recycle valve to RECYCLE.
Refrigerant flows from the vehicle, through your ECO
unit, and into the recovery tank.
6. Monitor the manifold gauges.
Service hose evacuation is complete when 15 inHg of
vacuum is reached.
7. Turn the vacuum/recycle valve to OFF.
8. Turn the compressor switch OFF.
The COMPRESSOR ON indicator goes out and the
compressor stops running.
Service hose evacuation is complete.
Adding Refrigerant to ECO
Follow this procedure to add virgin refrigerant to your ECO unit.
3 The recovery tank should have at least six pounds of
refrigerant or the charge procedure may not be
completed.
1. Refer to Preparing and Installing Recovery Tank in
this chapter.
2. Open the red (vapor) valve on the recovery tank.
3. Connect the blue service hose from the manifold gauge
assembly to the tank of virgin refrigerant.
2-15
Installation and Operation
3 For models EEAC308B and EEAC308C, install the
supplied tank adapter between the tank valve and the
blue hose. The virgin tank should be upright (valve
up).
4. Open the:
— Virgin tank valve,
— Yellow service hose hand valve,
— Blue service hose hand valve, and
— Blue manifold hand valve.
5. Turn the compressor switch ON.
The COMPRESSOR ON indicator illuminates and the
compressor activates.
6. Turn the vacuum/recycle valve to RECYCLE.
Refrigerant flows from the virgin tank through your ECO
unit and into the prepared recovery tank.
3
Monitor the weight on the LCD display until the desired
amount of virgin refrigerant has been transferred.
Refer to Tank Full/Empty in this Chapter.
7. When the desired amount of refrigerant has been
transferred into the recovery tank, close the virgin tank
hand valve.
8. Allow the recycler to run until 15 inHg vacuum is
reached, then close the blue service hose valve.
9. Turn the vacuum/recycle valve OFF.
10. Turn the compressor switch OFF.
The COMPRESSOR ON indicator goes out and the
compressor stops running.
3 Compare the recovery tank pressure/temperature
relationship with the chart and bleed off any noncondensable gases by pressing the PURGE button.
Refer to Purging Non-condensable Gas in this
chapter.
2-16
Maintenance
3
Use this chapter to maintain your ECO units:
• Master filter,
• Pump, and
• When storing the unit for prolonged periods.
Troubleshooting information and a list of parts and accessories
are also included.
Equipment Tips
pA stable scale weight reading, with the refrigerant not moving
around in the recovery tank, is needed at the beginning and
end of a recycle or charge program. Do not lean on or move
the unit at these times.
pNever attempt to change the recovery tank while your ECO
unit is in use.
pAlways evacuate the service hoses before disconnecting
them from your ECO unit or the manifold gauge set. For
additional information refer to Chapter 2–Evacuating
Service Hoses.
pNever drop the recovery tank onto the scale. This may
damage the scale assembly.
pAlways oil the seals before connecting to any tank, filter or
fitting. A leaky connection or no-flow condition may result if
the connection is assembled dry.
pAlways close both tank valves–clockwise–on the recovery
tank when your ECO unit is not in use.
pNon-condensable gases must be purged from the recovery
tank. For additional information refer to Chapter 2–Purging
Non-condensable Gas.
3-1
Maintenance
Master Filter
Change the master filter when the moisture indicator is violet or
when the hour meter has accumulated 20 additional hours since
the last master filter change. Any hours already showing on the
meter when the unit is originally un-boxed and setup should be
noted on the next page as the first entry. These should not be
included in the first filter change interval, but considered the
starting point. Refer to the Moisture Indicator Chart below.
Complete the Master Filter Maintenance Schedule on the
following page to keep track of when to change the master filter.
Moisture Indicator
Moisture Indicator Chart
Indicator Color
Model
Temperature
75°F/24°C
100°F/38°C
125°F/52°C
Purple
Very Dry
R-12
R-134a
1.4 ppm
20 ppm
2.5 ppm
35 ppm
4 ppm
60 ppm
Violet
Dry/Caution
R-12
R-134a
5 ppm
35 ppm
9 ppm
55 ppm
15 ppm
85 ppm
Pink
Caution/Wet
R-12
R-134a
15 ppm
90 ppm
27 ppm
120 ppm
45 ppm
150 ppm
Orange
Very Wet
R-12
R-134a
25 ppm
130 ppm
43 ppm
160 ppm
70 ppm
190 ppm
Figure 3-1: Moisture Indicator Chart
3-2
Maintenance
Master Filter Maintenance Schedule
Hour Meter Reading
Date
Starting Point
Next Change
Meter Reading
Figure 3-2: Master Filter Tracking Table
3-3
Maintenance
Changing the Master Filter
Use the procedure in this section to change the master filter.
• Wear safety goggles and protective gloves, user
and bystander. Everyday eyeglasses only have
impact resistant lenses, they are NOT safety
glasses. If any refrigerant gets into eyes, flush
with water and seek a doctor's aid immediately,
even though irritation may cease.
• Do not remove the master filter while under
pressure. Perform the maintenance procedure for
removing the master filter in this section.
• Prevent refrigerant from contacting the skin.
• Read, understand and follow Safety Information in
the front of this manual.
1. Evacuate the service hoses. For additional information
refer to Chapter 2-Evacuating Service Hoses.
2. Remove the power cord from the wall outlet.
3. Release the hook and loop strap securing the master
filter.
Figure 3-3: Master Filter
4. Unscrew the two hose fittings from the master filter.
5. Remove the master filter.
3 Dispose of the filter according to local, state and
federal regulations that apply in your area.
6. Install a new master filter, matching the direction of
FLOW on the filter with the flow decal on the cabinet.
7. Attach the fittings hand tight.
3-4
Maintenance
8. Mount the master filter securely by tightening the hook
and loop strap.
9. Check for leaks.
Pump
The oil in the pump assembly must be changed quarterly to
prolong pump life. The optional oil change kit is recommended.
For additional information refer to Replacement Parts in this
chapter. All of the parts necessary to change the pump oil are
included in this kit.
Maintaining the Pump
1. Perform a Recycle on the service hoses, if necessary.
For additional information refer to Chapter
2–Evacuating Service Hoses.
2. Unplug your ECO unit from the electrical outlet.
3. Remove the screws holding the rear cover.
4. Remove the rear cover.
Figure 3-4: Pump
A
B
C
D
E
F
–
–
–
–
–
–
Outlet Line Connection at Pump
Input Line Connection at Pump
Outlet Line (Tube)
Process Line (Tube)
Input Line (Hose)
Process Line Connection at Pump
3-5
Maintenance
• Wear safety goggles and protective gloves, user
and bystander. Everyday eyeglasses only have
impact resistant lenses, they are NOT safety
glasses.
• Read, understand and follow Safety Information in
the front of this manual.
5. Disconnect the blue hose (E) from the input line pump
connection (B).
6. Disconnect the process line connection (F) and move it
slightly from the pump.
3 Discard the O-rings from the hose tube ends.
7. Remove the recovery tank. Refer to Chapter 2Removing Recovery Tank.
8. Tilt the unit onto it’s back and over an oil drain pan.
Approximately 9 oz. of oil should be recovered.
9. Tilt the unit back to the normal upright position. If
approximately 9 oz. of oil is not recovered, repeat steps
8 and 9.
10. Use the plastic bottle supplied with the oil change kit to
pour 9.3 oz (275 cc) of 3GS compressor oil, part number
681-0179-2, into the input port of the pump (top port).
11. Install new O-rings on the ends of the tubing and hose
assemblies.
12. Place a small amount of compressor oil on the O-rings
and reinstall the tubing assemblies. Torque to 65 in. lbs..
13. Replace the rear cover.
Storing ECO
Follow this procedure when storing your ECO unit for prolonged
periods, (3 months or more) of time.
1. Change the pump oil using Maintaining the Pump
procedure in this chapter.
2. Close both hand valves on the recovery tank.
3. Remove the yellow hose from the recovery tank.
4. Close the service hose, coupling and manifold valves.
3-6
Maintenance
Troubleshooting
Symptom
Possible Cause
Remedy
Machine does not turn on
• Power cord not plugged in
– Plug in the power cord
• No power in A.C. outlet
– Check power source
• Hand valves not open
– Open hand valves
• Recovery tank full.
– Change tank or Charge
refrigerant
• Fitting(s) not properly
connected to master filter
– Tighten fitting(s) finger tight
• Leaky service hose or
adapter connection drawing
in air
– Tighten fittings or
replace seals in
finger tight fittings
• Blue hand valve on recovery
tank not open
– Open blue hand valve
• Fitting not properly
connected to recovery tank
– Tighten fitting finger tight
• No refrigerant in tank
– Fill tank with refrigerant
• Loose hose connection
– Tighten loose hose
connections
• Oil drain valve open
– Close oil drain valve
Hissing noise from oil
separator during recycle
and/or vacuum mode
• Oil drain valve open
– Close oil drain valve
Refrigerant losses from
tank on scale over time
• Leaky hand valve(s) on tank
– Make sure hand
valves are either open
completely(CCW) or closed
completely (CW) and
leak test
• Leaky fitting(s)
– Oil seal with refrigerant oil
and reconnect OR,
replace fitting, oil seal
and reconnect
• System being recycled is
cold and has components that
hold a substantial amount of
liquid refrigerant
– Heat A/C system by
running engine with
A/C OFF and keep hood
closed as much as practical
to hold in heat
Refrigerant not being
removed from vehicle
Excessive purging of
non-condensable gases
Does not charge
Machine does not draw
a vacuum
Long recycle times
3-7
Maintenance
Replacement Parts
Models EEAC307B and EEAC307C for R-12
Part Number
Description
0647-0196-01 .................................. GM Adapter, high-side
0647-0197-01 .............. GM/Ford Adapter, Quick Disconnect
0647-0199-01 ............ Large GM Adapter, Quick Disconnect
0647-0200-01 .................................................. Ford Adapter
EAA0157C00A ............................ Recovery Tank, 30 pound
EAH0013C00A ................ Gauge Assembly with hoses–USA
4719-0055-01 .............................. R-12 Anti-blowback Valve
Models EEAC308B and EEAC308C for R-134a
Part Number
Description
0647-0287-08 ................................ Service Fitting, low-side
0647-0287-07 ................................ Service Fitting, high-side
EAA0158C00A ............................ Recovery Tank, 30 pound
EAH0014C01A .... Gauge Assembly with hoses–USA, Japan
4719-0055-02 .............................. 134a Anti-blowback Valve
Optional Accessories
Models EEAC307B and EEAC307C for R-12
EAH0013C21A ............ Gauge Assembly with hoses–Europe
EAH0013C22A ............ Gauge Assembly with hoses–Japan
0647-281-01 ............ GM Adapter for A, F, U and W Bodies
ACT-111B .............................. 2 oz. Oil Charge Kit for R-12
Models EEAC308B and EEAC308C for R-134a
EAK0027C00AS .......... Vehicle Adapter Repair Kit (O-rings)
EAH0014C12A ............ Gauge Assembly with hoses–Europe
1-15080 ........................................ Low Side Adapter Fitting
1091-0301-01 .......................... 2 oz. Oil Charge Kit for 134a
Both Models
EEAC307BCV ............................................ Protective Cover
EAK0095C01AB .......................................... Master Drier Kit
EAK0029C00AB ............................................ Oil Change Kit
For service or to order replacement parts or optional
accessories, contact your Equiserv Representative or call
1-800-225-5786.
3-8
Maintenance
3-9
Maintenance
3-10