Operator’s manual
(EPA II)
Please read the operator’s manual carefully
and make sure you understand the
instructions before using the machine.
CS 2186
KEY TO SYMBOLS
Key to symbols
Switch off the engine by moving the stop
switch to the STOP position before carrying
out any checks or maintenance.
WARNING! Chain saws can be dangerous!
Careless or incorrect use can result in
serious or fatal injury to the operator or
others.
Always wear approved protective gloves.
Please read the operator’s manual carefully
and make sure you understand the
instructions before using the machine.
Regular cleaning is required.
Always wear:
•
Approved protective helmet
•
Approved hearing protection
•
Protective goggles or a visor
Visual check.
Protective goggles or a visor must be worn.
Both of the operator′s hands must be used to
operate the chain saw. Please see page 30 in
your "Chain saw operator′s safety manual".
Refuelling.
Never operate a chain saw holding it with one
hand only. Please see page 30 in your "Chain
saw operator′s safety manual".
Contact of the guide bar tip with any object
should be avoided. Please see pages 12-21
in your "Chain saw operator′s safety
manual".
Tip contact may cause the guide bar to move
suddenly upward and backward, which may
cause serious injury. Please see pages 12-21
in your "Chain saw operator′s safety manual".
2 – English
Filling with oil and adjusting oil flow.
Other symbols/decals on the machine refer to special
certification requirements for certain markets.
CONTENTS
Contents
KEY TO SYMBOLS
Key to symbols .............................................................
CONTENTS
Contents ......................................................................
Before using a new chain saw .....................................
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Personal protective equipment .....................................
Machine′s safety equipment ........................................
Checking, maintaining and servicing the machine′s
safety equipment ..........................................................
Cutting equipment ........................................................
How to avoid kickback ..................................................
General safety precautions ..........................................
General working instructions .......................................
WHAT IS WHAT?
What is what on the chain saw? ..................................
ASSEMBLY
Fitting the bar and chain ..............................................
FUEL HANDLING
Fuel ..............................................................................
STARTING AND STOPPING
Starting and stopping ...................................................
MAINTENANCE
Carburettor ...................................................................
Starter ..........................................................................
Air filter .........................................................................
Spark plug ....................................................................
Muffler ..........................................................................
Needle bearing lubrication ...........................................
Adjustment of the oil pump ..........................................
Cooling system ............................................................
Centrifugal cleaning “Turbo” .........................................
Heated handles ............................................................
Electrical carburettor heating .......................................
Winter use ....................................................................
Daily maintenance .......................................................
Weekly maintenance ....................................................
Monthly maintenance ...................................................
TECHNICAL DATA
Technical data ..............................................................
FEDERAL EMISSION CONTROL WARRANTY
STATEMENT
YOUR WARRANTY RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS .....
2
3
4
5
5
8
10
16
17
19
24
25
26
28
30
31
32
32
32
33
33
33
33
34
34
34
35
35
35
36
38
English
–3
CONTENTS
Before using a new chain saw
•
Please read the operator’s manual carefully and make
sure you understand the instructions before using the
machine.
•
Check that the cutting equipment is correctly fitted and
adjusted. See instructions under the heading Assembly.
•
Refuel, start the chain saw and check the carburettor
settings. See the instructions under the headings Fuel
Handling, Starting and Stopping, and Carburettor.
•
Do not use the chain saw until sufficient chain oil has
reached the chain. See instructions under the heading
Lubricating cutting equipment.
You will find the following labels on your machine:
EPA II
IMPORTANT! If the carburettor mixture is too lean it greatly
increases the risk of engine failure. Poor maintenance of the
air filter will cause carbon build-up on the spark plug and lead
to starting difficulties. If the chain is improperly adjusted it will
cause increased wear or damage to the bar, drive sprocket
and chain.
Maintenance, replacement, or repair of the emission control
devices and system may be performed by any nonroad
engine repair establishment or individual.
!
!
WARNING! Under no circumstances may the
design of the machine be modified without
the permission of the manufacturer. Always
use genuine accessories. Non-authorized
modifications and/or accessories can result
in serious personal injury or the death of the
operator or others. Your warranty may not
cover damage or liability caused by the use
of non-authorized accessories or
replacement parts.
WARNING! A chain saw is a dangerous tool
if used carelessly or incorrectly and can
cause serious, even fatal injuries. It is very
important that you read and understand the
contents of this operator’s manual.
!
WARNING! The inside of the muffler contain
chemicals that may be carcinogenic. Avoid
contact with these elements in the event of a
damaged muffler.
!
WARNING! Long term inhalation of the
engine’s exhaust fumes, chain oil mist and
dust from sawdust can represent a health
risk.
4 – English
The Emissions Compliance Period referred to on the
Emission Compliance label indicates the number of operating
hours for which the engine has been shown to meet Federal
emissions requirements. Category C = 50 hours, B = 125
hours, and A = 300 hours.
Jonsered has a policy of continuous product development
and therefore reserves the right to modify the design and
appearance of products without prior notice.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Personal protective equipment
!
WARNING! Most chain saw accidents
happen when the chain touches the
operator.
You must use approved personal protective
equipment whenever you use the machine.
Personal protective equipment cannot
eliminate the risk of injury but it will reduce
the degree of injury if an accident does
happen. Ask your dealer for help in choosing
the right equipment.
!
WARNING! Long or continuous exposure to
high noise levels may cause permanent
hearing impairment. Always wear approved
hearing protection when operating a chain
saw.
•
Protective helmet
•
Hearing protection
•
Protective goggles or a visor
•
Gloves with saw protection
•
•
Machine′s safety equipment
This section describes the machine′s safety equipment, its
purpose, and how checks and maintenance should be carried
out to ensure that it operates correctly. See the ”What is
what?” section to locate where this equipment is positioned
on your machine.
!
WARNING! Never use a machine that has
faulty safety equipment! Carry out the
inspection, maintenance and service
routines listed in this section.
•
Chain brake and front hand guard
•
Throttle lock
•
Chain catcher
•
Right hand guard
•
Vibration damping system
•
Stop switch
•
Muffler
•
Cutting equipment. See instructions under the heading
Cutting equipment.
Protective trousers with saw protection
Boots with saw protection, steel toe-cap and non-slip sole
Generally clothes should be close-fitting without restricting
your freedom of movement.
•
Always have a first aid kit nearby.
English
–5
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Chain brake and front hand guard
due to kickback, you should also apply the chain brake
manually if there is a risk of the chain accidentally hitting
anyone or anything close by.
Your chain saw is equipped with a chain brake that is
designed to stop the chain immediately if you get a kickback.
The chain brake reduces the risk of accidents, but only you
can prevent them.
Take care when using your saw and make sure the kickback
zone of the bar never touches any object.
•
•
To release the chain brake pull the front hand guard
backwards, towards the front handle.
•
Kickback can be very sudden and violent. Most kickbacks
are minor and do not always activate the chain brake. If
this happens you should hold the chain saw firmly and not
let go.
•
The way the chain brake is activated, either manually or
automatically by the inertia release mechanism, depends
on the force of the kickback and the position of the chain
saw in relation to the object that the kickback zone of the
bar strikes.
The chain brake (A) can either be activated manually (by
your left hand) or automatically by the inertia release
mechanism (a pendulum that swings independently of the
chain saw. On most of our models the front hand guard
acts as a counterweight in case of kickback).
The brake is applied when the front hand guard (B) is
pushed forwards.
This movement activates a spring-loaded mechanism that
tightens the brake band (C) around the engine drive
system (D) (clutch drum).
•
The front hand guard is not designed solely to activate the
chain brake. Another important feature is that it reduces
the risk of the chain hitting your left hand if you lose grip
of the front handle.
•
The chain brake must be engaged when the chain saw is
started.
•
You can also use the chain brake as a temporary brake
when you change position or if you put the chain saw
down for a short time! Apart from the fact that a chain saw
with a chain brake greatly reduces the risk of accidents
6 – English
If you get a violent kickback while the kickback zone of the
bar is farthest away from you the chain brake will be
activated by the movement of the counterweight (inertia
activated) in the kickback direction.
If the kickback is less violent or the kickback zone of the
bar is closer to you the chain brake will be activated
manually by the movement of your left hand.
•
During felling your left hand grasps the front handle in
such a way that it cannot activate the chain brake. In this
position, i.e. when your left hand is in such a position that
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
it cannot affect the movement of the front hand guard, the
chain brake can only be activated by the inertia of the
counterweight.
•
The inertia activated chain brake is a valuable feature but
there are certain factors to remember (see point above).
Throttle lock
The throttle lock is designed to prevent accidental operation
of the throttle control. When you press the lock (A) (i.e. when
you grasp the handle) it releases the throttle control (B).
When you release the handle the throttle control and the
throttle lock both move back to their original positions. This
movement is controlled by two independent return springs.
This arrangement means that the throttle control is
automatically locked at the idle setting.
Vibration damping system
Your machine is equipped with a vibration damping system
that is designed to minimize vibration and make operation
easier.
When you use a chain saw, vibration is generated by the
uneven contact between the chain and the wood you are
cutting.
Cutting hardwoods (most broadleaf trees) creates more
vibration than cutting softwoods (most conifers). Cutting with
cutting equipment that is blunt or faulty (wrong type or badly
sharpened) will increase the vibration level. See instructions
under the heading Cutting equipment.
The machine′s vibration damping system reduces the transfer
of vibration between the engine unit/cutting equipment and
the machine′s handle unit. The body of the chain saw,
including the cutting equipment, is insulated from the handles
by vibration damping units.
Chain catcher
The chain catcher is designed to catch the chain if it snaps or
jumps off. This should not happen if the chain is properly
tensioned (see instructions under the heading Assembly) and
if the bar and chain are properly serviced and maintained
(see instructions under the heading General working
instructions).
Right hand guard
Apart from protecting your hand if the chain jumps or snaps,
the right hand guard stops branches and twigs from
interfering with your grip on the rear handle.
!
WARNING! Overexposure to vibration can
lead to circulatory damage or nerve damage
in people who have impaired circulation.
Contact your doctor if you experience
symptoms of overexposure to vibration.
Such symptoms include numbness, loss of
feeling, tingling, pricking, pain, loss of
strength, changes in skin colour or
condition. These symptoms normally appear
in the fingers, hands or wrists. The risk
increases at low temperatures.
Stop switch
Use the stop switch to switch off the engine.
English
–7
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Muffler
Regularly check that the brake band is at least 0.6 mm thick
at its thinnest point.
The muffler is designed to keep noise levels to a minimum
and to direct exhaust fumes away from the user.
Checking the front hand guard
Make sure the front hand guard is not damaged and that there
are no visible defects such as cracks.
!
WARNING! The exhaust fumes from the
engine are hot and may contain sparks
which can start a fire. Never start the
machine indoors or near combustible
material!
In areas with a hot, dry climate there is a high risk of fires.
These areas are sometimes controlled by legislation and
requirements that among other things the muffler must be
equipped with an approved type of spark arrestor mesh.
Move the front hand guard forwards and back to make sure it
moves freely and that it is securely anchored to the clutch
cover.
For mufflers it is very important that you follow the instructions
on checking, maintaining and servicing your machine. See
instructions under the heading Checking, maintaining and
servicing the machine’s safety equipment.
Checking the inertia brake release
!
WARNING! The muffler gets very hot in use
and remains so for a short time afterwards.
Do not touch the muffler if it is hot!
Checking, maintaining and servicing
the machine′s safety equipment
!
WARNING! All servicing and repair work on
the machine requires special training. This is
especially true of the machine′s safety
equipment. If your machine fails any of the
checks described below you must contact
your service agent. When you buy any of our
products we guarantee the availability of
professional repairs and service. If the
retailer who sells your machine is not a
servicing dealer, ask him for the address of
your nearest service agent.
Hold the chain saw over a stump or other firm object. Let go
of the front handle so that the bar drops towards the stump as
the chain saw rotates around the rear handle.
When the bar hits the stump the brake should be applied.
Chain brake and front hand guard
Checking brake band wear
Brush off any wood dust, resin and dirt from the chain brake
and clutch drum. Dirt and wear can impair operation of the
brake.
8 – English
Checking the brake trigger
Place the chain saw on firm ground and start it. Make sure the
chain does not touch the ground or any other object. See the
instructions under the heading Start and stop.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Grasp the chain saw firmly, wrapping your fingers and thumbs
around the handles.
Chain catcher
Check that the chain catcher is not damaged and is firmly
attached to the body of the chain saw.
Apply full throttle and activate the chain brake by tilting your
left wrist forward onto the front hand guard. Do not let go of
the front handle. The chain should stop immediately.
Right hand guard
Throttle lock
•
Check that the right hand guard is not damaged and that
there are no visible defects, such as cracks.
Make sure the throttle control is locked at the idle setting
when the throttle lock is released.
Vibration damping system
•
Press the throttle lock and make sure it returns to its
original position when you release it.
Regularly check the vibration damping units for cracks or
deformation.
•
•
Check that the throttle control and throttle lock move freely
and that the return springs work properly.
Start the chain saw and apply full throttle. Release the
throttle control and check that the chain stops and
remains stationary. If the chain rotates when the throttle
control is in the idle position you should check the
carburettor idle adjustment.
Make sure the vibration damping units are securely attached
to the engine unit and handle unit.
Stop switch
Start the engine and make sure the engine stops when you
move the stop switch to the stop setting.
English
–9
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Muffler
•
Keep the chain’s cutting teeth properly sharpened!
Follow our instructions and use the recommended file
gauge. A damaged or badly sharpened chain increases
the risk of accidents.
•
Maintain the correct raker clearance! Follow our
instructions and use the recommended raker gauge.
Too large a clearance increases the risk of kickback.
•
Keep the chain properly tensioned! If the chain is slack
it is more likely to jump off and lead to increased wear on
the bar, chain and drive sprocket.
•
Keep cutting equipment well lubricated and properly
maintained! A poorly lubricated chain is more likely to
break and lead to increased wear on the bar, chain and
drive sprocket.
Never use a machine that has a faulty muffler.
Regularly check that the muffler is securely attached to the
machine.
If the muffler on your machine is fitted with a spark arrestor
mesh this must be cleaned regularly. A blocked mesh will
cause the engine to overheat and may lead to serious
damage.
Never use a muffler if the spark arrestor mesh is missing
or defective.
!
WARNING! Never use a machine with faulty
safety equipment. The machine’s safety
equipment must be checked and maintained
as described in this section. If your machine
fails any of these checks contact your
service agent to get it repaired.
Cutting equipment designed to minimise
kickback
!
Cutting equipment
WARNING! Faulty cutting equipment or the
wrong combination of bar and chain
increases the risk of kickback! Use only the
bar and chain combinations that we
recommend. See the Technical data section.
This section describes how to choose and maintain your
cutting equipment in order to:
The only way to avoid kickback is to make sure that the
kickback zone of the bar never touches anything.
•
Reduce the risk of kickback.
•
Reduce the risk of the chain breaking or jumping.
By using cutting equipment with ”built-in” kickback reduction
and keeping the chain sharp and well-maintained you can
reduce the effects of kickback.
•
Obtain maximum cutting performance.
•
Extend the life of cutting equipment.
General rules
•
Only use cutting equipment recommended by us!
See the Technical data section.
10 – English
Bar
The smaller the tip radius the smaller the kickback zone and
the lower the chance of kickback.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Chain
•
Number of drive links. The number of drive links is
determined by the length of the bar, the chain pitch and
the number of teeth on the bar tip sprocket.
•
Bar groove width (inches/mm). The groove in the bar must
match the width of the chain drive links.
•
Chain oil hole and hole for chain tensioner. The bar must
be matched to the chain saw design.
A chain is made up of a number of links, which are available
in standard and low-kickback versions.
None
Standard
Low-kickback
Cutting link
Drive link
Side link
Combining these links in different ways gives different
degrees of kickback reduction. In terms of kickback reduction
alone, four different types of link are available.
Level of
kickback
reduction
Cutting link
Drive link
Side link
Chain
•
Chain pitch (inches)
•
Drive link width (mm/inches)
•
Number of drive links.
•
Level of kickback reduction. The level of kickback
reduction offered by a chain is only indicated by its model
number. See the Technical data section to find the model
numbers of chains that are recommended for use with
your model of chain saw.
Low
Standard
High
Extra high
Some terms that describe the bar and chain
When the cutting equipment supplied with your saw becomes
worn or damaged you must replace it with one of the bars and
chains recommended by us. See the Technical data section.
Bar
•
Length (inches/cm)
•
Number of teeth on bar tip sprocket (T). Small number =
small tip radius = low risk of kickback.
•
Chain pitch (inches). The spacing between the drive links
of the chain must match the spacing of the teeth on the
bar tip sprocket and drive sprocket.
English
– 11
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Sharpening your chain and adjusting raker
clearance
!
5
File depth
WARNING! The risk of kickback is increased
with a badly sharpened chain!
General information on sharpening cutting teeth
•
Never use a blunt chain. When the chain is blunt you have
to exert more pressure to force the bar through the wood
and the cuttings will be very small. If the chain is very blunt
it will not produce any cuttings at all. Wood powder would
be the only result.
•
A sharp chain eats its way through the wood and
produces long, thick cuttings.
It is very difficult to sharpen a chain correctly without the right
equipment. We recommend that you use our file gauge. This
will help you obtain the maximum kickback reduction and
cutting performance from your chain.
See the Technical data section for information about
sharpening your chain.
!
WARNING! The following faults will increase
the risk of kickback considerably:
File angle too large
•
The cutting part of the chain is called the cutting link and
this consists of a cutting tooth (A) and the raker lip (B). The
cutting depth is determined by the difference in height
between the two.
Cutting angle too small
File diameter too small
When you sharpen a cutting tooth there are five important
factors to remember.
1
Filing angle
Sharpening cutting teeth
2
Cutting angle
3
File position
To sharpen cutting teeth you will need a round file and a file
gauge. See the Technical data section for information on the
size of file and gauge that are recommended for the chain
fitted to your chain saw.
•
4
Round file diameter
12 – English
Check that the chain is correctly tensioned. A slack chain
will move sideways, making it more difficult to sharpen
correctly.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
•
•
Always file cutting teeth from the inside face. Reduce the
pressure on the return stroke. File all the teeth on one side
first, then turn the chain saw over and file the teeth on the
other side.
•
To adjust the raker clearance you will need a flat file and a
raker gauge.
•
Place the gauge over the raker lip.
•
Place the file over the part of the lip that protrudes through
the gauge and file off the excess. The clearance is correct
when you no longer feel any resistance as you draw the
file over the gauge.
File all the teeth to the same length. When the length of
the cutting teeth is reduced to 4 mm (0.16") the chain is
worn out and should be replaced.
General advice on setting raker clearance
•
When you sharpen the cutting teeth you reduce the raker
clearance (=cutting depth). To maintain optimal cutting
performance you must file back the raker lip to the
recommended height.
See the Technical data section to find the raker clearance
for your particular chain.
Tensioning the chain
!
•
On a low-kickback cutting link the front edge of the raker
lip is rounded. It is very important that you maintain this
radius or bevel when you adjust the raker clearance.
WARNING! A slack chain may jump off and
cause serious or even fatal injury.
The more you use a chain the longer it becomes. It is
therefore important to adjust the chain regularly to take up the
slack.
Check the chain tension every time you refuel. NOTE! A new
chain has a running-in period during which you should check
the tension more frequently.
•
We recommend that you use our raker gauge to achieve
the correct clearance and bevel on the raker lip.
The position of the chain tensioning screw on our chain saws
varies from model to model. See the What is what? section to
find out where it is on your model.
Tension the chain as tightly as possible, but not so tight that
you cannot pull it round freely by hand.
!
WARNING! The risk of kickback is increased
if the raker clearance is too large!
Setting the raker clearance
•
•
Before setting the raker clearance the cutting teeth should
be newly sharpened. We recommend that you adjust the
raker clearance every third time you sharpen the chain.
NOTE! This recommendation assumes that the length of
the cutting teeth is not reduced excessively.
Undo the bar nuts that hold the clutch cover/chain brake.
Use the combination spanner. Then tighten the bar nuts
by hand as tight as you can.
English
– 13
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
•
•
Raise the tip of the bar and stretch the chain by tightening
the chain tensioning screw using the combination
spanner. Tighten the chain until it does not sag from the
underside of the bar.
Checking chain lubrication
•
Check the chain lubrication each time you refuel.
Aim the tip of the bar at a light coloured surface about 20
cm (8 inches) away. After 1 minute running at 3/4 throttle
you should see a distinct line of oil on the light surface.
Use the combination spanner to tighten the bar nuts while
lifting the tip of the bar at the same time. Check that you
can pull the chain round freely by hand and that it does not
sag from the underside of the bar.
Lubricating cutting equipment
!
If the chain lubrication is not working:
•
Check that the oil channel in the bar is not obstructed.
Clean if necessary.
•
Check that the groove in the edge of the bar is clean.
Clean if necessary.
•
Check that the bar tip sprocket turns freely and that the
lubricating hole in the tip sprocket is not blocked. Clean
and lubricate if necessary.
WARNING! Poor lubrication of cutting
equipment may cause the chain to snap,
which could lead to serious, even fatal
injuries.
Chain oil
Chain oil must demonstrate good adhesion to the chain and
also maintain its flow characteristics regardless of whether it
is warm summer or cold winter weather.
As a chain saw manufacturer we have developed an optimal
chain oil which has a vegetable oil base. We recommend the
use of our own oil for both maximum chain life and to minimise
environmental damage. If our own chain oil is not available,
standard chain oil is recommended.
In areas where oil specifically for lubrication of saw chains is
unavailable, ordinary EP 90 transmission oil may be used.
Never use waste oil! This is dangerous for yourself, the
machine and the environment.
Filling with chain oil
•
•
All our chain saws have an automatic chain lubrication
system. On some models the oil flow is also adjustable.
The sizes of the chain oil tank and fuel tank have been
chosen so that the engine will run out of fuel before
running out of oil. This means that you should never run
with a dry chain.
However, this safety feature requires that you use the right
sort of chain oil (if the oil is too thin it will run out before the
fuel), and that you adjust the carburettor as recommended
(a weak mixture may mean that the fuel lasts longer than
the oil) and that you also use the recommended cutting
equipment (a bar that is too long will use more chain oil).
The above conditions also apply to chain saw models with
an adjustable oil pump.
14 – English
If the chain lubrication system is still not working after carrying
out the above checks and associated measures you should
contact your service agent.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Lubricating the bar tip sprocket
Chain drive sprocket
Lubricate the bar tip sprocket each time you refuel. Use the
special grease gun and a good quality bearing grease.
The clutch drum is fitted with one of the following drive
sprockets:
A Spur sprocket (the chain sprocket is welded on the drum)
B Rim sprocket (replaceable)
Needle bearing lubrication
Regularly check the degree of wear on the drive sprocket.
Replace if wear is excessive. Replace the drive sprocket
whenever you replace the chain.
The clutch drum is fitted with one of the following drive
sprockets:
Bar
A Spur sprocket (the chain sprocket is welded on the drum)
B Rim sprocket (replaceable)
Check regularly:
Both versions have a needle bearing on the drive shaft, which
has to be greased regularly (once a week). CAUTION! Use
only high quality bearing grease or engine oil.
•
Whether there are burrs on the edges of the bar. Remove
these with a file if necessary.
•
Whether the groove in the bar has become badly worn.
Replace the bar if necessary.
•
Whether the tip of the bar is uneven or badly worn. If a
hollow forms on the underside of the bar tip this is due to
running with a slack chain.
•
To prolong the life of the bar you should turn it over daily.
Checking wear on cutting equipment
Check the chain daily for:
•
Visible cracks in rivets and links.
•
Whether the chain is stiff.
•
Whether rivets and links are badly worn.
We recommend you compare the existing chain with a new
chain to decide how badly the existing chain is worn.
When the length of the cutting teeth has worn down to only 4
mm the chain must be replaced.
English
– 15
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
!
WARNING! Most chain saw accidents
happen when the chain touches the
operator.
Wear personal protective equipment. See
instructions under the heading Personal
protective equipment.
Kickback always occurs in the cutting plane of the bar.
Normally the chain saw and bar are thrown backwards and
upwards towards the user. However, the chain saw may move
in a different direction depending on the way it was being used
when the kickback zone of the bar touched the object.
Do not tackle any job that you feel you are
not adequately trained for. See instructions
under the headings Personal protective
equipment, How to avoid kickback, Cutting
equipment and General working
instructions.
Avoid situations where there is a risk of
kickback. See instructions under the
heading Machine′s safety equipment.
Use the recommended protective equipment
and check its condition. See instructions
under the heading General working
instructions.
Check that all the chain saw safety features
are working. See instructions under the
headings General working instructions and
General safety precautions.
Kickback only occurs if the kickback zone of the bar touches
an object.
General rules
1
If you understand what kickback is and how it happens
then you can reduce or eliminate the element of surprise.
By being prepared you reduce the risk. Kickback is usually
quite mild, but it can sometimes be very sudden and
violent.
2
Always hold the chain saw firmly with your right hand on
the rear handle and your left hand on the front handle.
Wrap your fingers and thumbs around the handles. You
should use this grip whether you are right-handed or lefthanded. This grip minimises the effect of kickback and lets
you keep the chain saw under control.
How to avoid kickback
!
WARNING! Kickback can happen very
suddenly and violently; kicking the chain
saw, bar and chain back at the user. If this
happens when the chain is moving it can
cause very serious, even fatal injuries. It is
vital you understand what causes kickback
and that you can avoid it by taking care and
using the right working technique.
Do not let go of the handles!
What is kickback?
The word kickback is used to describe the sudden reaction
that causes the chain saw and bar to jump off an object when
the upper quadrant of the tip of the bar, known as the kickback
zone, touches an object.
3
Most kickback accidents happen during limbing. Make
sure you are standing firmly and that there is nothing in
the way that might make you trip or lose your balance.
Lack of concentration can lead to kickback if the kickback
zone of the bar accidentally touches a branch, nearby tree
or some other object.
16 – English
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
4
Never use the chain saw above shoulder height and try
not to cut with the tip of the bar. Never use the chain saw
one-handed!
8
Follow the instructions on sharpening and maintaining
your bar and chain. When you replace the bar and chain
use only combinations that are recommended by us. See
instructions under the headings Cutting equipment and
Technical data.
!
WARNING! The risk of kickback is increased
if you use the wrong cutting equipment or a
chain that is not sharpened correctly. The
wrong combination of bar and chain can
increase the risk of kickback!
General safety precautions
5
In order to keep control of your saw, always maintain a
firm foothold. Never work on a ladder, in a tree or on any
other insecure support.
6
Always use a fast cutting speed, i.e. full throttle.
7
Take great care when you cut with the top edge of the bar,
i.e. when cutting from the underside of the object. This is
known as cutting on the push stroke. The chain tries to
push the chain saw back towards the user.
Unless the user resists this pushing force there is a risk
that the chain saw will move so far backwards that only the
kickback zone of the bar is in contact with the tree, which
will lead to a kickback.
•
Chain saws are designed solely for cutting wood. The only
accessories you may use with this engine unit are the
combinations of bars and chains we recommend in the
Technical data section.
•
Never use the machine if you are tired, if you have drunk
alcohol, or if you are taking medication that could affect
your vision, your judgement or your co-ordination.
•
Wear personal protective equipment. See instructions
under the heading Personal protective equipment.
•
Never use a machine that has been modified in any way
from its original specification.
•
Never use a machine that is faulty. Carry out the checks,
maintenance and service instructions described in this
manual. Some maintenance and service measures must
be carried out by trained and qualified specialists. See
instructions under the heading Maintenance.
•
Never use any accessories other than those
recommended in this manual. See instructions under the
headings Cutting equipment and Technical data.
!
Cutting with the bottom edge of the bar, i.e. from the top
of the object downwards, is known as cutting on the pull
stroke. In this case the chain saw pulls itself towards the
tree and the front edge of the chain saw body rests
naturally on the trunk when cutting. Cutting on the pull
stroke gives the operator better control over the chain saw
and the position of the kickback zone.
WARNING! The risk of accident is increased
if you use the wrong cutting equipment or a
chain that is not sharpened correctly. Using
the wrong combination of bar and chain can
increase the risk of accidents.
English
– 17
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Before use:
•
Observe your surroundings and make sure that there is no
risk of people or animals coming into contact with the
cutting equipment.
•
Place the chain saw on the ground and hold the rear
handle down with your right foot. Grasp the front handle
firmly using your left hand. Make sure the chain saw is
steady and the chain is not touching the ground or other
objects. Then grasp the starter handle with your right hand
and pull the starter cord. Never wrap the starter cord
around your hand
,
1
Check that the chain brake works correctly and is not
damaged. See the instructions under the heading
Checking the chain brake.
2
Check that the rear right hand guard is not damaged.
3
Check that the throttle lock works correctly and is not
damaged.
4
Check that the start and stop switch works correctly and
is not damaged.
5
Check that all handles are free from oil.
6
Check that the anti vibration system works and is not
damaged.
7
Check that the muffler is securely attached and not
damaged.
8
Check that all parts of the chain saw are tightened
correctly and that they are not damaged or missing.
9
Check that the chain catcher is in place and not damaged.
Fuel safety
Starting
!
!
WARNING! Long term inhalation of the
engine’s exhaust fumes, chain oil mist and
dust from sawdust can represent a health
risk.
•
Never start a chain saw unless the bar, chain and all
covers are fitted correctly.
•
The chain brake should be activated when starting (see
section on “Starting”). Do not drop start. This method is
very dangerous because you may lose control of the saw
(see section on “Starting”).
•
Never start a chain saw unless the bar, chain and clutch
cover are fitted correctly. See instructions under the
heading Assembly.
•
Never start the machine indoors. Exhaust fumes can be
dangerous if inhaled.
18 – English
•
•
•
•
WARNING! Fuel and fuel vapour are highly
flammable. Take care when handling fuel and
chain oil. Be aware of the risks of fire,
explosion and those associated with
inhalation.
Never refuel the machine while the engine is running.
Make sure there is plenty of ventilation when refuelling or
mixing fuel (gasoline and 2-stroke oil).
Move the machine at least 3 m from the refuelling point
before starting it.
Never start the machine:
1 If you have spilt fuel or chain oil on the machine. Wipe
off the spillage and allow remaining fuel to evaporate.
2 If you have spilt fuel on yourself or your clothes,
change your clothes. Wash any part of your body that
has come in contact with fuel. Use soap and water.
3 If the machine is leaking fuel. Check regularly for leaks
from the fuel cap and fuel lines.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Transport and storage
•
Always store the chain saw and fuel so that there is no risk
of leakages or fumes coming into contact with sparks or
naked flames from electrical equipment, electric motors,
relays/switches, boilers and the like.
•
Always store fuel in an approved container designed for
that purpose.
•
For longer periods of storage or for transport of the chain
saw, the fuel and chain oil tanks should be emptied. Ask
where you can dispose of waste fuel and chain oil at your
local gas station.
•
Ensure the machine is cleaned and that a complete
service is carried out before long-term storage.
•
The transport guard must always be fitted to the cutting
attachment when the machine is being transported or in
storage.
•
Take great care when removing small branches and avoid
cutting bushes (i.e. cutting many small branches at the
same time). Small branches can be grabbed by the chain
and thrown back at you, causing serious injury.
•
Make sure you can move and stand safely. Check the area
around you for possible obstacles (roots, rocks, branches,
ditches, etc.) in case you have to move suddenly. Take
great care when working on sloping ground.
•
Take the utmost care when cutting through branches or
logs that are in tension. A log or branch that is in tension
can suddenly spring back into its natural position before or
after you cut it. If you stand on the wrong side or start
cutting in the wrong place it may strike you or your chain
saw, so that you lose control. Both situations could cause
serious injury.
•
Before moving your chain saw switch off the engine and
lock the chain using the chain brake. Carry the chain saw
with the bar and chain pointing backwards. Fit a guard to
the bar before transporting the chain saw or carrying it for
any distance.
•
Never put a chain saw down while the engine is running
unless you have it in clear view and the chain brake is on.
Switch the engine off before leaving your chain saw for
any length of time.
General working instructions
!
WARNING! This section describes basic
safety rules for using a chain saw. This
information is never a substitute for
professional skills and experience. If you get
into a situation where you feel unsafe, stop
and seek expert advice. Contact your chain
saw dealer, service agent or an experienced
chain saw user. Do not attempt any task that
you feel unsure of!
Before using a chain saw you must understand the effects of
kickback and how to avoid them. See instructions under the
heading How to avoid kickback.
Before using a chain saw you must understand the difference
between cutting with the top and bottom edges of the bar. See
instructions under the heading How to avoid kickback.
Basic safety rules
•
Look around you:
-
To ensure that people, animals or other things cannot
affect your control of the machine.
-
To make sure that none of the above might come
within reach of your saw or be injured by falling trees.
Follow the instructions above, but do not use a chain saw in a
situation where you cannot call for help in case of an accident.
• Do not use the machine in bad weather, such as dense
fog, heavy rain, strong wind, intense cold, etc. Working in
bad weather is tiring and often brings added risks, such as
icy ground, unpredictable felling direction, etc.
English
– 19
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Basic cutting technique
General
•
Always use full throttle when cutting!
•
Reduce the speed to idle after every cut (running the
engine for too long at full throttle without any load, i.e.
without any resistance from the chain during cutting, can
lead to serious engine damage).
•
Cutting from above = Cutting on the pull stroke.
•
Cutting from below = Cutting on the push stroke.
In most cases you can avoid these problems by cutting in two
stages; from the top and from the bottom. You need to support
the object so that it will not trap the chain or split during
cutting.
!
WARNING! If the chain jams in the cut: stop
the engine! Don’t try to pull the chain saw
free. If you do you may be injured by the
chain when the chain saw suddenly breaks
free. Use a lever to open up the cut and free
the chain saw.
Cutting on the push stroke increases the risk of kickback. See
instructions under the heading How to avoid kickback.
The following instructions describe how to handle the
commonest situations you are likely to encounter when using
a chain saw.
Terms
Cutting
Cutting = General term for cutting through wood.
The log is lying on the ground. There is little risk of the
chain jamming or the object splitting. However there is a risk
that the chain will touch the ground when you finish the cut.
Limbing = Cutting branches off a felled tree.
Splitting = When the object you are cutting breaks off before
the cut is complete.
There are five important factors you should
consider before making a cut:
1
Make sure the cutting equipment will not jam in the cut.
2
Make sure the object you are cutting will not split.
Cut all the way through the log from above. Avoid letting the
chain touch the ground as you finish the cut. Maintain full
throttle but be prepared for what might happen.
If it is possible (can you turn the log?) stop cutting about 2/3
of the way through the log.
3
Make sure the chain will not strike the ground or any other
object during or after cutting.
Turn the log and finish the cut from the opposite side.
4
Is there a risk of kickback?
The log is supported at one end. There is a high risk that it
will split.
5
Do the conditions and surrounding terrain affect how
safely you can stand and move about?
Two factors decide whether the chain will jam or the object
that you are cutting will split: the first is how the object is
supported before and after cutting, and the second is whether
it is in tension.
20 – English
Start by cutting from below (about 1/3 of the way through).
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Finish by cutting from above so that the two cuts meet.
The log is supported at both ends. There is a high risk that
the chain will jam.
Felling direction
The aim is to fell the tree in a position where you can limb and
cross-cut the log as easily as possible. You want it to fall on
ground where you can stand and move about safely. The main
point to avoid is letting the tree fall onto another tree. See
instructions under the heading Freeing a tree that has fallen
badly.
Start by cutting from above (about 1/3 of the way through).
Once you have decided which way you want the tree to fall
you must judge which way the tree would fall naturally.
Several factors affect this:
Finish by cutting from below so that the two cuts meet.
•
Lean of the tree
•
Bend
•
Wind direction
•
Arrangement of branches
•
Weight of snow
Limbing
When limbing thick branches you should use the same
approach as for cutting.
Cut difficult branches piece by piece.
1
2
3
Tree felling technique
!
WARNING! It takes a lot of experience to fell
a tree. Inexperienced users of chain saws
should not fell trees. Do not attempt any task
that you feel unsure of!
You may find you are forced to let the tree fall in its natural
direction because it is impossible or dangerous to try to make
it fall in the direction you first intended.
Another very important factor, which does not affect the felling
direction but does affect your safety, is to make sure the tree
has no damaged or dead branches that might break off and
hit you during felling.
!
WARNING! During critical felling operations,
hearing protectors should be lifted
immediately when sawing is completed so
that sounds and warning signals can be
heard.
Safe distance
The safe distance between a tree that is to be felled and
anyone else working nearby is at least 21/2 tree lengths.
Make sure that no-one else is in this ”risk zone” before or
during felling.
Clearing the trunk and preparing your retreat
Remove any branches that are in the way. To do this it is best
to work from the top down and keep the trunk between you
and the chain saw. Never limb above shoulder height.
English
– 21
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Remove any undergrowth from the base of the tree and check
the area for obstacles (stones, branches, holes, etc.) so that
you have a clear path of retreat when the tree starts to fall.
Your path of retreat should be roughly 135 degrees away from
the intended felling direction.
Make the felling cut about 3-5 cm (1.5-2 inches) above the
bottom directional cut.
Use full throttle and bring the bar and chain slowly into the
tree. Make sure the tree does not start to move in the opposite
direction to your intended felling direction. Drive a wedge or
breaking bar into the cut as soon as it is deep enough.
Felling
Felling is done using three cuts. First you make the directional
cuts, which consist of the top cut and the bottom cut, then you
finish with the felling cut. By placing these cuts correctly you
can control the felling direction very accurately.
Directional cuts
To make the directional cuts you begin with the top cut. Stand
to the right of the tree and cut on the pull stroke.
Next make the bottom cut so that it finishes exactly at the end
of the top cut.
The directional cuts should run 1/4 of the diameter through
the trunk and the angle between the top cut and bottom cut
should be 45°.
The line where the two cuts meet is called the directional cut
line. This line should be perfectly horizontal and at right
angles (90°) to the chosen felling direction.
Felling cut
The felling cut is made from the opposite side of the tree and
it must be perfectly horizontal. Stand on the left side of the
tree and cut on the pull stroke.
22 – English
Finish the felling cut parallel with the directional cut line so
that the distance between them is at least 1/10 of the trunk
diameter. The uncut section of the trunk is called the felling
hinge.
The felling hinge controls the direction that the tree falls in.
All control over the felling direction is lost if the felling hinge is
too narrow or non-existent, or if the directional cuts and felling
cut are badly placed.
When the felling cut and directional cut are complete the tree
should start to fall by itself or with the aid of a felling wedge or
breaking bar.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
We recommend that you use a bar that is longer than the
diameter of the tree, so that you can make the felling cut and
directional cuts with single cutting strokes. See the Technical
data section to find out which lengths of bar are
recommended for your saw.
There are methods for felling trees with a diameter larger than
the bar length. However these methods involve a much
greater risk that the kickback zone of the bar will come into
contact with the tree.
•
Tractor-mounted
•
Portable
Cutting trees and branches that are in tension
Preparations:
Work out which side is in tension and where the point of
maximum tension is (i.e. where it would break if it was bent
even more).
!
WARNING! Unless you have special training
we advise you not to fell trees with a
diameter larger than the bar length of your
saw!
Decide which is the safest way to release the tension and
whether you are able to do it safely. In complicated situations
the only safe method is to put aside your chain saw and use
a winch.
Limbing
!
WARNING! Most kickback accidents happen
during limbing! Pay close attention to the
position of the kickback zone of the bar
when you are limbing branches that are in
tension!
Make sure that you can stand and move about safely. Work on
the left side of the trunk. Work as close as possible to the
chain saw for maximum control. If possible, let the weight of
the chain saw rest on the trunk.
General advice:
Position yourself so that you will be clear of the tree or branch
when the tension is released.
Make one or more cuts at or near the point of maximum
tension. Make as many cuts of sufficient depth as necessary
to reduce the tension and make the tree or branch break at
the point of maximum tension.
Never cut straight through a tree or branch that is in
tension!
Keep the trunk between you and the chain saw as you move
along the trunk.
Cutting the trunk into logs
See instructions under the heading Basic cutting technique.
Freeing a tree that has fallen badly
Freeing a ”trapped tree”
It is very dangerous to remove a trapped tree and there is high
accident risk.
The safest method is to use a winch.
English
– 23
WHAT IS WHAT?
29
Jonsered CS 2186
XXXX
XXXXXXX
Jonsered AB
Huskvarna, SWEDEN
J O N S E R E D
S E R V I C E
What is what on the chain saw?
1
Cylinder cover
16 Spike bumper
2
Front handle
17 Chain catcher (Catches chain if it jumps or breaks.)
3
Front hand guard
18 Clutch cover
4
Starter
5
Chain oil tank
19 Right hand guard (Protects right hand if chain breaks or
jumps.)
6
Starter handle
7
Adjuster screws, carburettor
8
Choke control/Start throttle lock
9
Rear handle
10 Stop switch (Ignition on/off switch.)
11 Fuel tank
12 Muffler
13 Bar tip sprocket
14 Chain
15 Bar
24 – English
20 Throttle control
21 Throttle lock (Prevents accidental operation of throttle
control.)
22 Decompression valve
23 Combination spanner
24 Chain tensioning screw
25 Operator’s manual (EPA)
26 Bar guard
27 Switch for heated handle (CS 2186W)
28 Oil pump adjustment screw
29 Warning decal
ASSEMBLY
Fitting the bar and chain
!
Tension the chain by turning the chain tensioning screw
clockwise using the combination spanner. The chain should
be tensioned until it does not sag from the underside of the
bar.
WARNING! Always wear gloves, when
working with the chain, in order to protect
your hands from injury.
Check that the chain brake is in disengaged position by
moving the front hand guard towards the front handle.
The chain is correctly tensioned when it does not sag from the
underside of the bar, but can still be turned easily by hand.
Hold up the bar tip and tighten the bar nuts with the
combination spanner.
Remove the bar nuts and remove the clutch cover (chain
brake). Take off the transportation ring (A).
When fitting a new chain, the chain tension has to be checked
frequently until the chain is run-in. Check the chain tension
regularly. A correctly tensioned chain ensures good cutting
performance and long life.
Fit the bar over the bar bolts. Place the bar in its rearmost
position. Place the chain over the drive sprocket locate it in
the groove on the bar. Begin on the top edge of the bar.
Note: If clutch cover is difficult to remove, replace bar nuts,
engage brake and rerelease (an audible click will be heard if
released properly).
Make sure that the edges of the cutting links are facing
forward on the top edge of the bar.
Fit the clutch cover and locate the chain adjuster pin in the
hole in the bar. Check that the drive links of the chain fit
correctly over the drive sprocket and that the chain is correctly
located in the groove in the bar. Tighten the bar nuts finger
tight.
English
– 25
FUEL HANDLING
Fuel
Gasoline, litre
CAUTION! The machine is equipped with a two-stroke engine
and must always been run using a mixture of gasoline and
two-stroke engine oil. It is important to accurately measure
the amount of oil to be mixed to ensure that the correct
mixture is obtained. When mixing small amounts of fuel, even
small inaccuracies can drastically affect the ratio of the
mixture.
!
WARNING! Always ensure there is adequate
ventilation when handling fuel.
Gasoline
•
Use good quality unleaded gasoline. Engines equipped
with catalytic converters must be run on unleaded fuel
mixtures.
•
This engine is certified to operate on unleaded
gasoline.
•
The lowest recommended octane grade is RON 90. If you
run the engine on a lower octane grade than RON 90 socalled knocking can occur. This gives rise to a high engine
temperature and increased bearing load, which can result
in serious engine damage.
•
Two-stroke oil, litre
2% (1:50)
3% (1:33)
5
0,10
0,15
10
0,20
0,30
15
0,30
0,45
20
0,40
0,60
US gallon
US fl. oz.
2% (1:50)
3% (1:33)
1
2 1/2
3 3/4
2 1/2
6 1/2
9 3/4
5
12 7/8
19 1/4
Mixing
•
Always mix the gasoline and oil in a clean container
intended for fuel.
•
Always start by filling half the amount of the gasoline to be
used. Then add the entire amount of oil. Mix (shake) the
fuel mixture. Add the remaining amount of gasoline.
•
Mix (shake) the fuel mixture thoroughly before filling the
machine’s fuel tank.
•
Do not mix more than one month’s supply of fuel at a time.
•
If the machine is not used for some time the fuel tank
should be emptied and cleaned.
When working with continuous high revs (e.g. limbing) a
higher octane is recommended.
Environment fuel
JONSERED recommends the use of alkylate fuel, either
Aspen two-stroke fuel or environment fuel for four-stroke
engines blended with two-stroke oil as set out below. Note
that carburettor adjustment may be necessary when
changing the type of fuel (see the instructions under the
heading Carburettor).
Running-in
Avoid running at a too high speed during the first 10 hours.
Two-stroke oil
•
Always use JONSERED two-stroke oil, which is specially
adapted for our two-stroke engines.
•
JONSERED provides two stroke oils adapted for different
application areas and climates. Please contact your
dealer for information about the best options for your
product and area of application.
•
Never use two-stroke oil intended for water-cooled
outboard engines, sometimes referred to as outboard oil.
•
Never use oil intended for four-stroke engines.
Mixing ratio
For engines up to 80 cc: 01:50 (2%)
For engines over 80 cc: 01:33 (3%)
26 – English
FUEL HANDLING
Chain oil
•
The chain lubrication system is automatic and we
recommend the use of special oil (chain oil) with good
adhesion characteristics.
Fuelling
!
WARNING! Taking the following precautions,
will lessen the risk of fire:
Do not smoke or place hot objects near fuel.
Always shut off the engine before refuelling.
When refuelling, open the fuel cap slowly so
that any excess pressure is released gently.
Tighten the fuel cap carefully after refuelling.
•
In countries where no special chain oil is available, EP90
transmission oil can be used.
•
Never use waste oil. This results in damage to the oil
pump, the bar and the chain.
•
It is important to use oil of the right grade (suitable
viscosity range) to suit the air temperature.
•
In temperatures below 0°C (32°F) some oils become too
viscous. This can overload the oil pump and result in
damage to the oil pump components.
•
Contact your service agent when choosing chain oil.
Always move the machine away from the
refuelling area before starting.
Clean the area around the fuel cap. Clean the fuel and chain
oil tanks regularly. The fuel filter must be replaced at least
once a year. Contamination in the tanks causes malfunction.
Make sure the fuel is well mixed by shaking the container
before refuelling. The capacities of the chain oil tank and fuel
tank are carefully matched. You should therefore always fill
the chain oil tank and fuel tank at the same time.
Min 3 m
(10ft)
English
– 27
STARTING AND STOPPING
Starting and stopping
!
Warm engine
WARNING! Note the following before
starting:
Never start a chain saw unless the bar, chain
and all covers are fitted correctly. Otherwise
the clutch can come loose and cause
personal injuries.
Always move the machine away from the
refuelling area before starting.
Place the machine on firm ground. Make
sure you have a secure footing and that the
chain cannot touch anything.
Keep people and animals well away from the
working area.
Use the same procedure as for starting a cold engine but
without setting the choke control in the choke position. The
correct choke/start throttle setting is obtained by moving the
choke control to the choke position and then pushing it in
again.
Starting
Cold engine
Starting: The chain brake should be activated when starting
the chain saw. Activate the chain brake by pushing the front
hand guard forwards.
Ignition: Slide the ignition switch to the left.
Choke: Set the choke control in the choke position.
Start throttle: The correct choke/start throttle setting is
obtained by moving the control to the choke position.
If the machine is fitted with a decompression valve (A): Press
the valve to reduce the pressure in the cylinder and make
starting easier. You should always use the decompression
valve when starting the machine. Once the machine has
started the valve will automatically return to its original
setting.
28 – English
Grip the front handle with your left hand. Hold the chain saw
on the ground by placing your right foot through the rear
handle. Pull the starter handle with your right hand and pull
out the starter cord slowly until you feel a resistance (as the
starter pawls engage) then pull firmly and rapidly. Never wrap
the starter cord around your hand
As the chain brake is still activated the engine must return to
idling speed as soon as possible by disengaging the throttel
latch in order to avoid unnecessery wear on the clutch
assembly.
Push in the choke control as soon as the engine fire and make
repeated starting attempts. Immediately press and release
the throttle when the engine starts. That will disengage the
throttle latch.
CAUTION! Do not pull the starter cord all the way out and do
not let go of the starter handle when the cord is fully extended.
This can damage the machine.
STARTING AND STOPPING
Pull the front hand guard towards the front handle. The chain
brake is now disengaged. Your saw is ready for use.
Stopping
Stop the engine by switching off the ignition.
English
– 29
MAINTENANCE
Carburettor
!
Your Husqvarna product has been designed and
manufactured to specifications that reduce harmful
emissions.
Function, Basic settings, Fine adjustment
WARNING! Do not start the chain saw unless
the bar, chain and clutch cover (chain brake)
are fitted, otherwise the clutch may come
loose and cause personal injury.
!
•
The carburettor governs the engine’s speed via the
throttle control. Air and fuel are mixed in the carburettor.
The air/fuel mixture is adjustable. Correct adjustment is
essential to get the best performance from the machine.
•
The setting of the carburettor means that the engine is
adepted to local conditions, for example, the climate,
altitude, fuel and the type of 2-stroke oil.
The carburettor has three adjustment controls:
-
L = Low speed jet
-
H = High speed jet
-
T = Idle adjustment screw
T
Fine adjustment
When the machine has been ”run-in” the carburettor should
be finely adjusted. The fine adjustment should be carried
out by a qualified person. First adjust the L-jet, then the
idling screw T and then the H-jet.
Conditions
Function
•
WARNING! Contact your servicing dealer, if
the idle speed setting cannot be adjusted so
that the chain stops. Do not use the chain
saw until it has been properly adjusted or
repaired.
H
•
Before any adjustments are made the air filter should be
clean and the cylinder cover fitted. Adjusting the
carburettor while a dirty air filter is in use will result in a
leaner mixture next time the filter is cleaned. This can give
rise to serious engine damage.
•
Carefully turn the L and H needle to the mid point.
•
Do not attempt to adjust the L and H jets beyond
either stop as this could cause damage.
•
Now start the machine according to the starting
instructions and let it warm up for 10 minutes. CAUTION!
If the chain rotates while idling the T-screw must be
turned anti-clockwise until the chain stops.
•
Place the machine on a flat surface so that the bar points
away from you and so that the bar and chain do not come
into contact with the surface or other objects.
Low speed jet L
Turn the low speed jet L clockwise until it stops. If the engine
accelerates poorly or idles unevenly, turn the low speed jet L
anticlockwise until good acceleration and idling are achieved.
L
•
•
The L and H-jets are used to adjust the supply of fuel to
match the rate that air is admitted, which is controlled with
the throttle. If they are screwed clockwise the air/fuel ratio
becomes leaner (less fuel) and if they are turned anticlockwise the ratio becomes richer (more fuel). A lean
mixture gives a higher engine speed and a rich mixture
gives a lower engine speed.
The T-screw regulates the throttle setting at idle speed. If
the T-screw is turned clockwise this gives a higher idle
speed; turning it anti-clockwise gives a lower idle speed.
Basic settings and running in
The carburettor is set to its basic setting when test run at the
factory. The basic setting is richer than the optimum setting
and should be maintained for the first hours that the machine
is in use. The carburettor should then be finely adjusted. Fine
adjustment should be carried out by a suitably trained person.
CAUTION! If the chain rotates while idling the T-screw
must be turned anti-clockwise until the chain stops.
Rec. idle speed: 2700 rpm
30 – English
CAUTION! If the chain rotates while idling the T-screw
must be turned anti-clockwise until the chain stops.
Final setting of the idling speed T
Adjust the idle speed with the T-screw. If it is necessary to readjust, turn the T-screw clockwise while the engine is running,
until the chain starts to rotate. Then turn counter-clockwise
until the chain stops. A correctly adjusted idle speed setting
occurs when the engine runs smoothly in every position. It
should also be good margin to the rpm when the chain starts
to rotate.
!
WARNING! Contact your servicing dealer, if
the idle speed setting cannot be adjusted so
that the chain stops. Do not use the chain
saw until it has been properly adjusted or
repaired.
High speed jet H
The high speed needle H influence the power of the machine.
A too lean adjusted high speed (high speed needle H turn too
much clockwise) gives overrevs and damages the engine. Do
not allow the engine to run at full speed for more than 10
seconds. Turn the high speed needle H counterclockwiseuntil the stop. If the engine runs roughly, turn the
MAINTENANCE
high speed needle slowly the minimum amount clockwise
until the engine runs smoothly. The high speed needle H is
correctly set when the saw “4-cycles” a little. If the machine
“whistles“ the setting is too lean. If there is too much exhaust
gas at the same time as the machine “4-cycles” much, the
setting is too rich. Turn the high speed needle H until the
setting sounds correct.
•
Pull out the cord approx. 30 cm and hook it into the notch
in the rim of the pulley. Release the recoil spring by letting
the pulley rotate slowly backwards.
•
Undo the screw in the centre of the pulley and remove the
pulley. Insert and fasten a new starter cord to the pulley.
Wind approx. 3 turns of the starter cord onto the pulley.
Connect the pulley to the recoil spring so that the end of
the spring engages in the pulley. Fit the screw in the
centre of the pulley. Insert the starter cord through the
hole in the starter housing and the starter handle. Make a
secure knot in the end of the starter cord.
H
CAUTION! For optimum setting of the carburettor, contact
a qualified servicing dealer who has a revolution counter
at his disposal.
Correctly adjusted carburettor
When the carburettor is correctly adjusted the machine
accelerates without hesitation and the machine 4-cycles a
little at max speed. It is also important that the chain does not
rotate at idle. If the L-jet is set too lean it may cause starting
difficulties and poor acceleration. If the H-jet is set too lean
the machine will have less power, poor acceleration and could
suffer damage to the engine.
If the L and H-jets are set too rich it will lead to acceleration
problems or too low a working speed.
Tensioning the recoil spring
•
Hook the starter cord in the notch in the pulley and turn
the starter pulley about 2 turns clockwise.
Starter
!
WARNING! When the recoil spring is wound
up in the starter housing it is under tension
and can, if handled carelessly, pop out and
cause personal injury. Always be careful
when changing the recoil spring or the
starter cord. Always wear protective
goggles.
•
CAUTION! Check that the pulley can be turned at least a
further 1/2 turn when the starter cord is pulled all the way
out.
Changing a broken or worn starter cord
Changing a broken recoil spring
•
Loosen the screws that hold the starter against the
crankcase and remove the starter.
•
Lift off the pulley. See instructions under heading
Changing a broken or worn starter cord.
•
Remove the recoil spring from inside the pulley by tapping
the pulley lightly with its inside face downwards against a
work bench or the like. If the spring pops out during fitting,
wind it up again, working from the outside in towards
centre.
English
– 31
MAINTENANCE
•
Lubricate the recoil spring with light oil. Fit the pulley and
tension the recoil spring.
An air filter that has been in use for a long time cannot be
cleaned completely. The filter must therefore be replaced with
a new one at regular intervals. A damaged air filter must
always be replaced.
A HUSQVARNA chain saw can be equipped with different
types of air filter according to working conditions, weather,
season, etc. Contact your dealer for advice.
Spark plug
Fitting the starter
•
•
To fit the starter, first pull out the starter cord and place the
starter in position against the crankcase. Then slowly
release the starter cord so that the pulley engages with
the pawls.
The spark plug condition is influenced by:
Fit and tighten the screws that hold the starter.
•
Incorrect carburettor adjustment.
•
Wrong fuel mixture (too much oil).
•
A dirty air filter.
These factors cause deposits on the spark plug electrodes,
which may result in operating problems and starting
difficulties.
•
Air filter
If the machine is low on power, difficult to start or runs
poorly at idle speed: always check the spark plug first
before taking any further action. If the spark plug is dirty,
clean it and check that the electrode gap is 0.5 mm
(0,020"). The spark plug should be replaced after about a
month in operation or earlier if necessary.
The air filter must be regularly cleaned to remove dust and dirt
in order to avoid:
•
Carburettor malfunctions
•
Starting problems
•
Loss of engine power
•
Unnecessary wear to engine parts
•
Excessive fuel consumption.
CAUTION! Always use the recommended spark plug type!
Use of the wrong spark plug can damage the piston/cylinder.
Muffler
Clean the air filter daily, or more often in demanding
conditions.
•
Remove the air filter after taking off the air filter cover.
When refitting make sure that the air filter seals tightly
against the filter holder. Clean the filter by brushing or
shaking it.
•
The filter can be cleaned more thoroughly by washing it in
water and detergent.
The muffler is designed to reduce the noise level and to direct
the exhaust gases away from the operator. The exhaust
gases are hot and can contain sparks, which may cause fire
if directed against dry and combustible material.
Some mufflers are equipped with a special spark arrestor
mesh. If your machine has this type of muffler, you should
clean the mesh at least once a week. This is best done with a
wire brush.
CAUTION! The mesh must be replaced if it is damaged. If the
mesh is blocked the machine will overheat and this will cause
damage to the cylinder and piston. Never use a machine with
a muffler that is in poor condition.
32 – English
MAINTENANCE
Needle bearing lubrication
Cooling system
The clutch drum is fitted with one of the following drive
sprockets:
To keep the working temperature as low as possible the
machine is equipped with a cooling system.
•
A Spur sprocket (the chain sprocket is welded on the
drum)
The cooling system consists of:
•
B Rim sprocket (replaceable)
1
Air intake on the starter.
2
Air guide plate.
3
Fins on the flywheel.
4
Cooling fins on the cylinder.
5
Cylinder cover (directs cold air over the cylinder).
5
Both versions have a needle bearing on the drive shaft, which
has to be greased regularly (once a week).
CAUTION! Use only high quality bearing grease or engine oil.
4
3
2
1
Adjustment of the oil pump
The oil pump is adjustable. Adjustments are made by turning
the screw using a screwdriver or combination spanner. The
machine is supplied from the factory set to 1 turn open.
Turning the screw clockwise will reduce the oil flow and
turning the screw anti-clockwise will increase the oil flow.
!
Clean the cooling system with a brush once a week, more
often in demanding conditions. A dirty or blocked cooling
system results in the machine overheating which causes
damage to the piston and cylinder.
Centrifugal cleaning “Turbo”
Centrifugal cleaning means the following: All air to the
carburettor passes through the starter. Dirt and dust is
centrifuged out by the cooling fan.
WARNING! The engine must not be running
when making adjustments.
IMPORTANT! In order to maintain operation of the centrifugal
cleaning system it must be regularly maintained.
Recommended settings:
Bar -15":
1 turn from the closed position.
Bar 15" -18":
2 turns from the closed position.
Bar 18" -24":
3 turns from the closed position.
Bar 24" -:
4 turns from the closed position.
•
Clean the air intake to the starter, the fins on the flywheel,
the space around the flywheel, inlet pipe and carburettor
compartment.
These recommendations apply to JONSERED chain oil, for
other chain oils increase the oil flow by one step.
English
– 33
MAINTENANCE
Heated handles
(CS 2186W)
On models with the model code W, both the front handle bar
and the rear handle are equipped with electrical heating coils.
These are supplied with electricity from a generator built into
the chain saw.
When the red mark on the switch is visible, the heating is on.
Electrical carburettor heating
(CS 2186WH)
If this chain saw has the model code WH then it is equipped
with an electrically heated carburettor. The electrical heating
prevents icing in the carburettor. A thermostat regulates
heating so that the carburettor always has the correct working
temperature.
Winter use
During cold weather and under powder snow conditions,
operating problems can arise due to:
•
Too low engine temperature.
•
Icing of the air filter and carburettor.
Special measures are therefore often required:
•
Partly mask the air inlet on the starter to increase the
working temperature of the engine.
Temperature -5°C (23°F) or colder:
For running the machine in cold weather or powder snow, a
special cover is available, which is mounted on the starter
housing. This reduces the intake of cold air and prevents large
amounts of snow from being sucked in.
34 – English
CAUTION! If the special winterising kit has been fitted or any
measures have been taken to increase the temperature these
changes must be reversed before the machine is used in
normal temperature conditions. Otherwise there is a risk of
overheating, resulting in severe damage to the engine.
IMPORTANT! Any maintenance other than that described
in this manual must be carried out by your servicing dealer
(retailer).
MAINTENANCE
Below you will find some general maintenance
instructions.
Weekly maintenance
2
1
3
4
Daily maintenance
1
2
3
6
5
4
7
8
6
5
1
Check that the vibration damping elements are not
damaged.
2
Lubricate the clutch drum bearing.
3
File off any burrs from the edges of the bar.
4
Clean the spark plug. Check that the electrode gap is 0.5
mm (0,020 inch).
Check the throttle trigger for smooth operation. If any
binding occurs or if engine fails to return to idle, the
machine should be taken to your dealer, before it is used
again. Also, be sure that the trigger cannot be pulled until
the throttle trigger lockout is depressed.
5
Clean the fins on the flywheel. Check the starter and the
recoil spring.
6
Clean the cooling fins on the cylinder.
7
Clean or replace the spark arrestor mesh in the muffler.
2
Clean the chain brake and check that it operates safely.
Make sure that the chain catcher is undamaged, and
replace it if necessary.
8
Clean the carburettor compartment.
3
Clean or replace the air filter as necessary. Check for
damage or holes.
4
The bar should be turned daily for more even wear. Check
the lubrication hole in the bar, to be sure it is not clogged.
Clean the bar groove. If the bar has a sprocket tip, this
should be lubricated.
5
Check that the bar and chain are getting sufficient oil.
6
Sharpen the chain and check its tension and condition.
Check the drive sprocket for excessive wear and replace
if necessary.
7
1
8
9
7
Clean the air intake on the starter. Check the starter and
starter cord for wear or damage.
8
Check that nuts and screws are tight.
9
Test the stop switch to be sure it shuts off the engine.
Monthly maintenance
1
3
8
0,5 mm
9
1
Check the brake band on the chain brake for wear.
2
Check the clutch centre, clutch drum and clutch spring for
wear.
3
Clean the outside of the carburettor.
4
Check fuel hose for cracks or other damage. Change if
necessary.
5
Clean the inside of the fuel tank.
6
Clean the inside of the oil tank.
7
Check all cables and connections.
8
Replace the spark plug.
9
Replace the air filter.
English
– 35
TECHNICAL DATA
Technical data
CS 2186
Engine
Cylinder volume, cu.in/cm3
5,2/84,7
Cylinder bore, inch/mm
2,1/54
Stroke, inch/mm
1,5/37
Idle speed, rpm
2700
Power, kW/ rpm
4,6/9600
Ignition system
Manufacture
SEM
Type of ignition system
CD
Spark plug
NGK BPMR 7A/Champion RCJ 7Y
Electrode gap, inch/mm
0,02/0,5
Fuel and lubrication system
Manufacturer of carburettor
Tillotson
Carburettor type
HS 296A
Fuel tank capacity, US pint/litre
1,9/0,9
Oil pump capacity at 9,000 rpm, ml/min
6-24
Oil tank capacity, US pint/litre
1,06/0,5
Type of oil pump
Automatic
Weight
Chain saw without bar or chain, empty tanks, Lbs/kg
15,6/7,1
W: 16,1/7,3
Chain/bar
Recommended bar lengths, inch/cm
16-32”/40-80
Usable cutting length, inches/cm
15-31”/38-78
Chain speed at max. power, m/sec
21,4
Pitch, inch/mm
3/8" /9,52
Thickness of drive links, inch/mm
0,050/1,3
0,058/1,5
0,063/1,6
Number of teeth on drive sprocket
36 – English
7
TECHNICAL DATA
Recommended original and replacement bar and chain combinations
These Husqvarna chain saw models are in the ANSI category of saws above 3,8 cu. in. and are not required to comply with low
kickback performance requirements. However, for these models we recommend the following cutting equipment.
Bar
Chain
Length,
inches
Pitch, inch
Max nose radius
16-32
3/8
11T
Jonsered S42, Oregon 73LP/73LG
Note: For the chains above you are free to choose between 0,050", 0,058" and 0,063" gauge drive link for the corresponding bar,
see the table below.
0,050"/1,3 mm
-
72LP
72LG
0,058"/1,5mm
S42
73LP
73LG
0,063"/1,6 mm
-
75LP
75LG
!
WARNING! This chain saw model is capable
of severe kickback that could result in
serious injuries to the user. Do not operate
this saw unless you have extraordinary
cutting needs and experience and
specialized training for dealing with
kickback. Saws with significantly reduced
kickback potential are available. Always use
the safest saw and cutting equipment
applicable to your cutting need.
English
– 37
FEDERAL EMISSION CONTROL WARRANTY STATEMENT
YOUR WARRANTY RIGHTS AND
OBLIGATIONS
The EPA (The US Environmental Protection Agency),
Environment Canada and Jonsered are pleased to explain
the emissions control system warranty on your 2001 and later
small nonroad engine. In U.S. and Canada, new small
nonroad engines must be designed, built and equipped to
meet the federal stringent anti-smog standards. Jonsered
must warrant the emission control system on your small
nonroad engine for the period of time listed below provided
there has been no abuse, neglect or improper maintenance of
your unit. Your emmission control system includes Parts such
as the carburetor and the ignition system. Where a
warrantable condition exists, Jonsered will repair your small
nonroad engine at no cost to you. Expenses covered under
warranty include diagnosis, parts and labor.
MANUFACTURER′S WARRANTY
COVERAGE
The 2001 and later small nonroad engines are warranted for
two years. If any emission related part on you engine (as
listed above) is defective, the part will be repaired or replaced
by Jonsered.
OWNER′S WARRANTY
RESPONSIBILITIES
As the small nonroad engine owner, you are responsible for
the performance of the required maintenance listed in your
Operator′s Manual. Jonsered recommends that you retain all
receipts covering maintenance on your small nonroad engine,
but Jonsered cannot deny warranty solely for the lack of
receipts or for your failure to ensure the performance of all
scheduled maintenance. As the small nonroad engine owner,
you should, however, be aware that Jonsered may deny you
warranty coverage if your small nonroad engine or a part of it
has failed due to abuse, neglect, improper maintenance,
unapproved modifications or the use of parts not made or
approved by the original equipment manufacturer. You are
responsible for presenting your small nonroad engine to a
Jonsered authorized servicing dealer as soon as a problem
exists. The warranty repairs should be completed in a
reasonable amount of time, not to exceed 30 days. If you have
any questions regarding your warranty rights and
responsibilities, you should contact your nearest authorized
servicing dealer or call Jonsered, at Sweden +46-36-146500.
WARRANTY COMMENCEMENT DATE
The warranty period begins on the date small nonroad engine
is delivered.
LENGTH OF COVERAGE
Jonsered warrants to the initial owner and each subsequent
purchaser that the engine is free from defects in materials and
workmanship which cause the failure of a warranted part for
a period of two years.
WHAT IS COVERED
REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF PARTS Repair or
replacement of any warranted part will be performed at no
charge to the owner at an approved Jonsered servicing
dealer. If you have any questions regarding your warranty
rights and responsibilities, you should contact your nearest
authorized servicing dealer or call Jonsered, at Sweden +4636-146500.
WARRANTY PERIOD Any warranted part which is not
scheduled for replacement as required maintenance, or
which is scheduled only for regular inspection to the effect of
“repair or replace as necessary” shall be warranted for 2
years. Any warranted part which is scheduled for replacement
as required maintenance shall be warranted for the period of
time up to the first scheduled replacement point for that part.
DIAGNOSIS The owner shall not be charged for diagnostic
labor which leads to the determination that a warranted part
is defective, if the diagnostic work is performed at an
approved Jonsered servicing dealer.
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES Jonsered may be liable for
damages to other engine components caused by the failure
of a warranted part still under warranty.
WHAT IS NOT COVERED
All failures caused by abuse, neglect or improper
maintenance are not covered.
ADD -ON OR MODIFIED PARTS
The use of add-on or modified parts can be grounds for
disallowing a warranty claim. Jonsered is not liable to cover
failures of warranted parts caused by the use of add-on or
modified parts.
HOW TO FILE A CLAIM
If you have any questions regarding your warranty rights and
responsibilities, you should contact your nearest authorized
servicing dealer or call Jonsered, at Sweden +46-36-146500.
WHERE TO GET WARRANTY SERVICE
Warranty services or repairs shall be provided at all Jonsered
authorized servicing dealers.
MAINTENANCE, REPLACEMENT AND
REPAIR OF EMISSION-RELATED PARTS
Any Jonsered approved replacement part used in the
performance of any warranty maintenance or repairs on
emission-related parts, will be provided without charge to the
owner if the part is under warranty.
EMISSION CONTROL WARRANTY PARTS
LIST
1
2
3
4
Carburetor and internal parts
Intake pipe, airfilter holder and carburetor bolts.
Airfilter and fuelfilter covered up to maintenance schedule.
Ignition System
1 Spark Plug, covered up to maintenance schedule
2 Ignition Module
MAINTENANCE STATEMENT
The owner is responsible for the performance of all required
maintenance, as defined in the operator’s manual.
38 – English
´®z*x{G¶5\¨
´®z*x{G¶5\¨
1088913-95
´®z*x{G¶5\¨
´®z*x{G¶5\¨
2004-03-02