Thank you for your recent purchase of the First

OPERATOR’S
MANUAL & PARTS LIST
AERA-vator
MODEL AE80
FIRST PRODUCTS INC.
164 Oakridge Church Rd.
Tifton, Georgia 31794 U.S.A.
Phone (229) 382-4768
Outside GA 1-800-363-8780
Fax (229) 382-0506
Web: www.1stproducts.com Email: Sales@1stproducts.com
CE
Ser. 1225 thru __
Printed in U.S.A.
PBREV0106
INTRODUCTION
Thank you for purchasing an AREA-vator. This piece of equipment has been carefully
engineered and manufactured to provide years of reliable service.
The AERA-vator is one of the most unique and versatile pieces of equipment on the market today. It is designed for the practices of turf cultivation, seed bed preparation, and
bare soil conditioning in your toughest soils.
We recommend that you carefully read the owners and operators manual prior to operation. Also ensure that all future operators read this manual and become fully trained before allowing them to use or maintain this equipment. Time spent becoming acquainted
with the safe operation, performance, and maintenance of the AERA-vator will add
longer life and greater satisfaction to your new purchase.
This machine is designed with safety in mind. However, if the machine is handled carelessly and not as instructed it can be a dangerous piece of equipment. Observe all safety
information in this manual and decals on the equipment. You the operator are responsible when operating this equipment.
The illustrations and data used in the manual were current at time of printing. The manufacturer reserves the right to make changes or add improvements to its products at any
time without incurring any obligation to make such changes to products manufactured
previously.
REMEMBER SAFETY IS ALWAYS FIRST !
ATTENTION:
•
Read and understand the instructions and warnings carefully before using this
machine.
•
Read the warranty located on page 16. Fill in the required information on the
warranty registration provided and return to the address on the front of this
manual. The warranty registration must be returned to validate warranty.
1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY SYMBOLS ......................................................................................................................................3
SAFETY DECALS .........................................................................................................................................4
OPERATION SAFETY ..................................................................................................................................5
OPERATOR INSTRUCTIONS ......................................................................................................................6
UNDERSTANDING HOW THE SWING HITCH OPERATES (PRIOR TO HITCHING TO TRACTOR) .........7
CORRECTLY ADJUSTING THE HITCH TO THE TRACTOR..............................................................7
PRE-OPERATION CHECK LIST..................................................................................................................8
MAINTENANCE SAFETY............................................................................................................................9
OPERATOR MAINTENANCE....................................................................................................................10
AE-80 ROTOR SHAFT SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS.................................................................................11
Rotor Shaft Removal .................................................................................................................................11
Rotor Shaft Disassembly ...........................................................................................................................11
Rotor Hub Disassembly.............................................................................................................................12
Rotor Hub Re-Assembly ...........................................................................................................................13
Rotor Shaft Re-Assembly..........................................................................................................................13
Rotor Shaft Installation .............................................................................................................................15
Tine Replacement......................................................................................................................................15
WARRANTY INFORMATION...................................................................................................................16
MAIN FRAME ASSEMBLY PARTS LIST ................................................................................................17
MAIN FRAME ASSEMBLY .......................................................................................................................18
DRIVE TRAIN COMPONENTS .................................................................................................................19
ROTOR ASSEMBLY ...................................................................................................................................20
DRIVE LINE COMPONENTS.....................................................................................................................21
LIFT AND TRAIL HITCH GROUP ............................................................................................................22
SINGLE ROLLER ........................................................................................................................................23
TRIPLE ROLLER.........................................................................................................................................24
RAKE ............................................................................................................................................................25
MODEL 400-7FP SEEDER..........................................................................................................................26
BRUSH ASSEMBLY ...................................................................................................................................27
SEED HOPPER PARTS LIST......................................................................................................................28
SEEDER HOPPER........................................................................................................................................29
AE80 AERA-vator Specifications:................................................................................................................30
2
SAFETY SYMBOLS
ATTENTION ! BECOME
ALERT ! YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED !
This is a standard safety alert symbol meaning
CAUTION
Indicates hazardous situation, injury may
occur, used to alert against carelessness.
WARNING
Indicates potentially hazardous situation.
Death or serious injury may occur if
proper procedures are not followed.
DANGER
Indicates most hazardous situation. Death
or serious injury will occur if proper pro-
cedures are not followed.
3
OPERATION SAFETY
•
Your Safety Is Always First! Familiarize yourself with the safety symbols and decals on pages 3 and 4.
•
All operators should read and understand the following sections of this manual
prior to adjusting, maintaining, hitching to, or operating the AERA-vator:
OPERATION SAFETY, OPERATOR INSTRUCTIONS, PRE-OPERATION
CHECKS, MAINTENANCE CHECKS, MAINTENANCE SAFETY, OPERATOR
MAINTENANCE.
•
In addition, remove and read the drive line safety and maintenance manual taped to
the drive line shield. After reading the drive line manual, place it inside this manual
for reference.
•
For the safety and instruction of all operators, keep this manual stored on the AERAvator at all times.
•
Never attempt to adjust, maintain, or remove debris from any moving part of this machine while it is attached to a tractor or other power source with the engine running.
•
After operating, always disengage the power take off and switch the engine off prior
to dismounting from the tractor or other power source and approaching the unit.
•
Prior to starting, always inspect operating area for any hazards such as large rocks,
steep slopes, low tree branches or wires. Flag objects difficult to see such as irrigation heads and water meters.
•
Instruct all people in the work area to stay clear of the unit.
•
Perform all pre-operation checks (page 8) prior to start up.
•
Never engage the power take off while the rotors are off the ground. Always disengage the power take off before lifting the unit. High-speed rotors create a flying object hazard when they are lowered to the ground.
WARNING
* TO PREVENT A THROWN OBJECT HAZARD,
DO NOT ENGAGE PTO IN LIFTED POSITION.
* TO PREVENT A ROLL OVER HAZARD, DO
NOT LIFT UNIT ON HILLSIDE.
Figure 1. Tractor Roll Over/Thrown Object Warning
5
•
Consult your tractor Operator's Manual regarding operation on slopes. Do not lift the
unit while the tractor is moving (or parked) sideways on slopes above 5°. The swing
hitch may allow the unit to swing to the downhill side and cause the tractor to roll
over. On slopes from 5° to 15° always aim the tractor uphill before lifting the unit.
We do not recommend the unit being used on slopes above 15°.
•
Use extreme care and maintain moderate ground speed when transporting or operating on slopes, over rough surfaces, or close to trees ditches and fences.
•
Only operate during daylight hours or with good artificial light.
•
The AERA-vator is not equipped for highway use. Be careful of traffic when operating near or crossing roadways.
OPERATOR INSTRUCTIONS
•
The AE-80 AERA-vator is designed to attach to a tractor with a category one three
point hitch, 540 PTO, and a minimum of 35 horsepower. However, additional attachments (roller, seeder, etc.) may require a larger tractor for increased lifting capacity. Check the tractor owner and operator’s manual for lift capacity. The weight of
the AE-80 and its attachments are listed in Specifications, page 31.
• Before hitching to the AERA-vator familiarize yourself with all of the tractors control
functions. Be prepared to stop the tractor movement, PTO operation, and the engine
quickly in an emergency.
6
UNDERSTANDING HOW THE SWING HITCH OPERATES (PRIOR TO HITCHING TO TRACTOR)
With the swing stand lowered
and the swing mast rearward to
disengage the swing lock, grasp
the hitch pins and rotate the
“A” frame to simulate operation in a sharp turn. Release
the hitch pins and slowly pull
the swing mast forward as it
would be pulled by the top link
during lifting. Notice how one
mast chain tightens causing the
“A” frame and unit to realign
and the spring on the lock link
is compressed to make the
swing lock engage upon alignment. Now push the swing
mast rearward against the lock Figure 2. Swing Hitch Operation
link tab to disengage the swing lock and loosen the chains to allow sharp turns again.
This demonstrates how the top link of the tractor lift system switches the AERA-vator
between the trail and lift modes.
CORRECTLY ADJUSTING THE HITCH TO THE TRACTOR
A category 1 hitch tractor is required with the lower links stabilized. With the AERAvator swing stand lowered connect the lower lift links to the “A” Frame and top link to
the swing mast. Push the
lift control lever on the
tractor to the completely
lowered position.
Lengthen the adjustable
top link until the swing
mast closes tight against
the “A” Frame and the
AERA-vator swing stand
is lifted 1/8 to 1/4 inch
off the ground.
This
causes the combined
weight of the AERAvator and the tractor hitch
components to be transferred to the tines. This Figure 3. Hitch Adjustment
extended top link also
causes the
7
AERA-vator to tilt backwards when lifting allowing gravity to assist the swing chains in
aligning the unit with the tractor. DO NOT ADD ADDITIONAL WEIGHT TO THE
AERA-vator OR APPLY DOWN PRESSURE TO THE TRACTOR LIFT LINKS
DURING OPERATION.
•
The geometry of tractor lift linkages varies, and a trial run over uneven ground is recommended. Ideally the swing lock will not engage when aerating over the crown of a
hill and the tractor hitch is always free to float upward at all times. The tines should
clear curbs etc., when lifted.
•
When lowering for operation, lower slowly until the tines touch the ground. Then
swiftly push the lift control lever on the tractor to the completely lowered position to
instantly unlock the hitch. This is especially true when lowering the unit in a sharp
turn. Failure to do this may cause the swing hitch not to disengage, resulting in damage to the machine and/or turf damage. In the event the unit should fail to unlock for
trail mode, stop the tractor and repeat the lowering procedure.
DO NOT TURN THE TRACTOR WITH THE AERA-vator IN THE GROUND AND THE
SWING LOCK ENGAGED. DAMAGE TO EQUIPMENT MAY OCCUR!
•
When operating diagonally downhill or transversely (sideways) on a hillside slope
above 5° the mast chains will not swing the unit uphill to center and lock on the tractor when the unit is lifted. Occasionally the unit will swing farther to the downhill
side of the tractor creating the hazard of tractor roll over. If the tractor ever seems
unstable, immediately lower the hitch and steer the tractor uphill or on a more level
surface where it will center and lock when lifted.
•
Do not back the unit up with the AERA-vator touching the ground. Always disengage the PTO, raise the unit, back to desired location and then lower the machine and
engage the PTO.
•
The operating ground speed of the tractor will depend on the amount of soil agitation
required. Slower tractor ground speed (lower gears) will be used for renovating in
extremely hard dry ground. Faster tractor ground speeds (higher gears) will be used
for aeration work in normal conditions. To reduce the amount of soil agitation simply
reduce the engine RPM. Three to four miles per hour is the most common speed
range.
PRE-OPERATION CHECK LIST
(With the AERA-vator lowered and the tractor engine switched off...)
•
Be sure that the implement is hitched to the tractor properly with all pins in place.
•
Pin the swing stand in the up position.
8
•
Be sure the driveline is correctly assembled. (The end stenciled as the tractor
end is connected to the tractor and not to the AERA-vator). Check to see that
the end yokes are locked to the tractor PTO and gearbox shafts. Drive shields must
turn freely on the driveline.
•
See that all shields are correctly installed.
•
Remove any debris caught in the rotors.
•
Check gearbox oil level before first operation and every 200 hours of operation thereafter. (Refer to operator maintenance section.)
MAINTENANCE SAFETY
•
Never attempt to clean, adjust, lubricate or perform any maintenance on the AERAvator while it is attached to the tractor or any other power source with the engine running.
•
Read and understand all safety decals prior to performing any maintenance.
Replace any safety decals which are not legible.
•
Never attempt to clean, adjust, lubricate or perform any maintenance on the AERAvator while it is attached to the tractor in the raised position unless safety blocks are
inserted under the frame.
•
When not attached to the tractor,
always use the lifting hook to
hoist the machine for maintenance. (See Figure 4). Use extreme caution when using lifting
hook because center of gravity is
affected by additional attachments and the unit may shift
rearward. Do NOT hoist the
machine with the seeder attached.
•
When installing tines, performing
any rotor shaft service, or remov- Figure 4. Swing Stand/Lifting Hook
ing debris from the rotors, ensure
that the rotor shaft does not rotate because a serious pinch injury could occur.
9
OPERATOR MAINTENANCE
•
Check gearbox oil level before first operation and every 200 hours of operation thereafter. With frame level, remove oil level plug on front left side of gear box using
5/16” x 6” allen wrench through slots in the frame post. If required, add 90w-gear oil
through plug in top of box until it appears at oil level plug. Replace both plugs securely.
•
Grease driveline parts after the number hours use as shown in the following chart.
Figure 5 Drive Line Lube Chart
•
The hitch flex joints at the top of the “A” frame and above the gearbox (see page 18)
should be lubricated before first operation and weekly thereafter.
•
After the first two hours of operation tighten all tines to 210-ft. lbs. Check for loose
tines daily.
•
When replacing lost or worn tines use a 15/16” extra deep socket (Socket is available
through our repair parts. Order # AE60T003) and torque to 210 ft. lbs.
•
CHECK BELT TENSION every 4 hrs. of operation for the first 12 hrs. and every
100 hrs. thereafter. Also, tighten belts if shaft hesitation is noticed during operation.
Over tightening belts may cause damage to the machine. Be sure to re-install belt
shield after servicing.
•
Use the applicable parts break down illustration pp.17-30 for maintenance removal,
and assembly instructions.
•
The AERA-vator shaft and rotor bearings are sealed and permanently lubricated requiring no routine maintenance.
CAUTION
BE SURE ALL SAFETY SHIELDS ARE INSTALLED PRIOR TO RETURNING THIS
MACHINE TO SERVICE.
10
AE-80 ROTOR SHAFT SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS
(Clean the machine thoroughly with a pressure washer)
Rotor Shaft Removal
(This will require a tractor with 3-point lift or overhead hoist. For safety reasons, only lift the
Aera-vator approximately two inches above the work surface, never place hands or feet
between the machine and the work surface).
The AE80 consists of two complete shaft assemblies and each shaft assembly can be removed
separately. The following instructions are directed toward the removal of a single shaft. However,
both shafts can be removed at the same time by completing each step of the procedure on each shaft
before proceeding to the next. Alternatively, one shaft can be removed and then the other.
1. Remove belt cover, skid shoe and drive belts.
2. Remove 1/2” carriage bolts holding center-bearing support to main frame.
3. Remove 3/8" carriage bolts holding end rotor shaft bearing, drive end. (See Figure 6)
4. Move frame slightly to right and lift off of rotor shaft assembly.
Rotor Shaft Disassembly
1. Remove the 1-1/8" hex jam nut from the shaft end nearest to the damaged component.
2. Only remove the rotors and spacers required to reach the damaged component. Wipe the
shaft clean before each rotor is removed. Each rotor bearing has two separate cones with
a hex bore adapter pressed in each. Each cone is held in position by an internal grease
seal, which allows the cones to be moved apart slightly. When they are moved apart any
dirt allowed inside the hex adapters can fall between the cones and contaminate the
bearing. If the cones are forced apart the internal seals become ruined and irreplaceable.
A
B
B
C
C
C
Figure 6. Rotor Shaft Assembly
11
C
B
B
A
2. Clean and inspect parts as they are removed and set aside in their order of removal to simplify
re-assembly.
Figure 7. Rotor Shaft Disassembly
Rotor Hub Disassembly
1. With a pry bar remove the external seals (Figure 8) on both sides. Generally,
seals are damaged and are not reused.
EXTERNAL SEAL - STEP 1
SNAP RING - STEP 2
TOOL CAP
AE60T008
PRESS
RAM
PRESS TOOL
AE60T007
PRESS
TABLE
STEP 3
Figure 8. Rotor Hub Disassembly
2. Remove the snap rings on both sides.
3. Press used bearing and adapter assembly out.
12
Rotor Hub Re-Assembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
(Keep all components clean to prevent bearing contamination)
Install internal snap ring in one side of rotor hub. Be sure snap rings expand full depth into
grooves.
Press new bearing and adapter assembly down tight against snap ring as shown in Fig. 9.
If bearing is loose in hub the rotor should be replaced.
Install snap ring in other end.
Apply a ribbon of general-purpose grease between the snap ring ID and bearing adapter OD
on both ends of the rotor hub.
With the press tool inverted to fit the external seals, press the seals in both ends of the rotor
with the lips out. Wipe off excess grease. Be sure seals are not bent or cut and are seated
firmly. If the seals are not tight, use a hammer and punch to stake the hub faces at
about 90° intervals.
Figure 9. Rotor Hub Re-Assembly
Rotor Shaft Re-Assembly
(Read this section thoroughly before beginning)
CAUTION: IF THE BEARING ADAPTERS ARE NOT PRECISELY TIMED 180
DEGREES APART IN EACH ROTOR AND ALIGNED BETWEEN ROTORS, SERIOUS
DAMAGE WILL RESULT.
1. Rotate the adapters in each rotor so
the timing marks (See Figures 6, 10 &
11) are phased 180 degrees apart with
hex bores aligned.
2. Use marker pen to assist with
aligning timing marks between rotors.
Figure 10. Timing Mark
Mark two rotor shaft flats 180 degrees
apart next to the threaded end (See Figure 11). The marked flats would have to
align with the timing marks on any rotors not removed during servicing.
13
TIMING MARK
ON BRG. ADAPTER
MARK SHAFT FLATS
180° APART
SPACER
REVOLVED VIEW OF
BRG. ADAPTER FACE
Figure 11.
3.
Install the required components in the sequence shown in Figure 11, double checking
the timing mark locations and spacer lengths (see following table) as each rotor is
installed.
SPACER
A
B
C
LENGTH
3 51/64”
7 1/4”
3 9/16”
PART NO.
AE24-027
AE24-011
AE24-028
CAUTION: CLEAN THE ROTOR SHAFT THOROUGHLY REMOVING ANY BURRS
THAT WOULD KEEP THE ROTOR ASSEMBLIES FROM SLIDING ON FREELY. IF A
BEARING ADAPTER JAMS, THE INTERNAL BEARING SEAL COULD BE FORCED
OUT AND IT IS NOT REPLACEABLE.
NOTE: THE SPACERS MUST BE FULLY SEATED IN EACH ADAPTER
COUNTERBORE BEFORE TIGHTENING. DO NOT FORGET TO PLACE THE
BEARING STAMPINGS ON EACH OF THE SHAFT BEARINGS DURING
REASSEMBLY. ALSO, THE 3/8" CARRIAGE BOLTS SHOULD BE PLACED IN THE
BEARING STAMPINGS ON THE DRIVE END OF THE SHAFT BEFORE THE PULLEY
IS REPLACED.
4. Replace the 1-1/8" hex jam nut and rotate each rotor occasionally as the nut is
torqued to 350 ft-lbs. If any rotor locks up, the bearing adapters in the rotor are
probably not phased 180 degrees apart or the spacers are not fully seated.
14
Rotor Shaft Installation
1. Roll Rotor Shaft Assembly into position under frame bearing holes with pulley on drive end.
2. Carefully lower unit in small increments while keeping both bearing flanges on the side of the
frame end plate and center bearing support.
3. Note that as the frame ends and center bearing support are carefully lowered down beside
each pair of bearing flanges it is necessary to push the unit away from the pulley end. This allows the frame end to pass the carriage bolts sticking through both bearing flanges next to the
pulley.
4. When the frame ends align with the carriage bolt holes and the bearing flanges, pull the unit
toward the pulley end to assemble nuts on carriage bolts.
5. Install bolts and nuts in center bearing support and other end plate being careful to align carriage bolt shoulders with the square holes in bearing flanges (hand tighten).
6. Tighten all bearing flange bolts 30-35 Ft-Lbs.
7. Tighten 3 bolts connecting center bearing support to frame 50-55 Ft. Lbs.
8. Install and tighten drive belts. Tighten both bolts in belt idler bracket 30-35 Ft. Lbs.
9. Install Skid Shoe and tighten bolts 15-20 Ft. Lbs.
10. Install Belt Cover and tighten bolts 8-12 Ft. Lbs.
11. Run the machine and check for loose or improperly installed components.
Tine Replacement
Assemble tines to rotor as shown below (Fig 12). Torque tines to 210 ft-lbs.
AE50-058 (TINE)
AE50-058 (TINE)
HW32020G8ZP
5/8 LOCK WASHER
GRADE 8
HW20020G5ZPC
5/8 NF HEX NUT
NOTE: TORQUE TINES
TO 210 FT-LBS.
Figure 12. Tine Replacement
15
WARRANTY INFORMATION
ONE YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY
FIRST PRODUCTS INC. WARRANTS THIS PRODUCT TO BE FREE OF DEFECTS IN
MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP FOR A PERIOD OF TWELVE MONTHS FROM THE
ORIGINAL DELIVERY DATE. THIS WARRANTY DOES NOT COVER PARTS CAUSED TO
BE DEFICIENT DUE TO NORMAL WEAR, MISUSE, ACCIDENTS, OR LACK OF PROPER
MAINTENANCE.
ANY PARTS THOUGHT TO BE DEFECTIVE MUST BE RETURNED TO THE
DEALER/DISTRIBUTOR FOR WARRANTY CONSIDERATION JOINTLY WITH FACTORY
REPRESENTATIVES. A RETURN AUTHORIZATION NUMBER MUST BE OBTAINED
AND CLEARLY MARKED ON ALL PACKAGES OF PARTS REQUIRING RETURN TO THE
FACTORY.
THE OBLIGATION OF FIRST PRODUCTS INC. UNDER THIS WARRANTY SHALL BE
EXCLUSIVELY LIMITED TO REPLACEMENT OF PARTS DETERMINED TO BE
DEFECTIVE BY FIRST PRODUCTS INC. WITH FREIGHT PREPAID. IN NO EVENT SHALL
FIRST PRODUCTS INC. BE LIABLE FOR INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OF THIS PRODUCT.
FIRST PRODUCTS INC. RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MAKE CHANGES OR ADD
IMPROVEMENTS TO ITS PRODUCTS AT ANY TIME WITHOUT OBLIGATION TO MAKE
SUCH CHANGES OR IMPROVEMENTS ON PRODUCTS SOLD PREVIOUSLY.
16
AE80 AERA-vator Specifications:
WEIGHT (Basic Unit)
932 LBS. w/DRIVE SHAFT
Standard Mount 1R Roller - 6-5/8”dia. w/SCRAPER
259 LBS.
Extended Mount 1R Roller - 6-5/8”dia. w/SCRAPER
263 LBS.
Standard Mount 3R Roller - 6-5/8”dia. w/SCRAPER
315 LBS.
Extended Mount 3R Roller - 6-5/8”dia. w/SCRAPER
326 LBS.
Rake - 1 7/8” TINE SPACING APPROX
53 LBS.
Brush – 76” Wide, Polypropylene Bristle
56 LBS. (1R ROLLER only)
Seeder (84” Wide) Empty
298 LBS.
OVERALL WIDTH
88”
WORKING WIDTH
80”
GEARBOX
1:1 RT. ANGLE
END DRIVE
2 BX BELTS
TINE VIBRATION FREQUENCY
SIDE TO SIDE TINE TRAVEL
@540 PTO RPM = 800 CYCLES/MIN.
1 3/8 INCHES
VIBRATING DEPTH
3 1/2 INCHES
AERATION DENSITY
6 HOLES/SQ. FT
HEAVY DUTY LIFT/TRAIL HITCH
3 FT TURN RADIUS (APPROX.)
TINES
9/16 x 3 1/2” FORGED AND HARDENED
ROTOR BEARINGS
DOUBLE SEALED TAPERED ROLLER
DRIVE LINE
1 3/8 SPLINE w/SAFETY SHIELD
FINISH - BASIC UNIT
BLACK AND GREY ACRYLIC
SEEDER
HOPPER
RED POLYESTER
HOPPER CAPACITY
SEED FEED ROTOR
9.4 Cubic Ft.
STAINLESS STEEL (MICRO-PRECISION
MATED)
PRECISION NEOPRENE
SEED DISTRIBUTION
30 OUTLETS WITH SPLASH PLATE
RATE CONTROL
PRECISION CAM GAUGE
ELECTRIC DRIVE – (CONNECTS TO TRACTOR
BATTERY)
HOPPER BOTTOM & SLIDE
SEEDER DRIVE
TRACTOR REQUIRED:
HP AND PTO SPEED
3 PT. LIFT HITCH
35 HP – 540 RPM
CAT 1
SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE
30