Hawaii Child
Passenger Restraint
Law & Penalty
Hawaiiʼs Child Passenger Restraint Law
requires children under 4 years of age to ride
in a child safety seat. Children 4 through 7
years old must ride in a child passenger
restraint or booster seat.
Violators are required to appear in court. If
convicted, violators are required to attend a
4-hour class and may be assessed a penalty
of $100-$500 depending on the number of
offenses.
A Hawaii state tax credit of $25 per year
applies to the purchase of a child passenger
restraint.
The most compelling reason for using a child
passenger restraint is the safety of your child.
Just
The
Facts!
Did you know . . .
Traffic crashes are a leading cause of death among
children over one year of age.
The good news . . .
By using properly installed child passenger restraints,
many deaths and injuries can be prevented.
Research shows . . .
Child passenger restraints can reduce deaths by as
much as 71% for infants and 54% for toddlers.
Nationally four out of five child passenger
restraints are used incorrectly. To ensure
the child restraint is installed correctly,
caregivers should do the following:
1. Always read the installation instructions that
accompany the child passenger restraint and your
vehicle.
2. Select the child passenger restraint that best fits
your child and your vehicle.
Birth to
Boosters
Additional
Resources
American Academy of Pediatrics
www.aap.org
A caregi v er ’s g u id e t o c h ild
pas s eng e r re st r a in t s
Hawaii Department of Transportation
www.hidot.hawaii.gov/highways/safe-communities
Keiki Injury Prevention Coalition
www.kipchawaii.org
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
www.nhtsa.gov
Partners for Child Passenger Safety
The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
www.chop.edu/carseat
Safe Kids Worldwide
www.safekids.org
SafetyBeltSafe U.S.A.
www.carseat.org or (310) 222-6860
U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission
www.cpsc.gov
3. The center of the back seat is the safest location
in the vehicle.
4. Never install a rear-facing child passenger restraint
in front of an active front-passenger airbag.
5. Children should face the rear until they reach the
height or weight limits of a rear-facing child
passenger restraint. Rear-facing restraints provide
the best protection for a childʼs neck and spinal
cord.
6. Always check for a tight installation each time and
make sure your childʼs harness is snug.
8 /17
Rear-Facing
Recline seat so that head rests comfortably
and level indicator is correct.
Harness straps routed through slots that are
at or below childʼs shoulders.
Harness clip at armpit level.
Important Tips
Never put a rear-facing seat in the front
seat with an active airbag.
Keep harness straps snug (should not be able
to pinch the harness fabric at the shoulders).
Thread vehicle belt or LATCH anchor strap through
rear-facing belt path (check labels on car seat).
Rear-facing
Only
Convertible
Car Seat
Keep rear-facing until child meets
the height or weight maximum of the seat.
Forward-Facing With Harness
Harness straps routed through forward-facing
slots at or above childʼs shoulders.
Keep harness straps snug (should not be able
to pinch fabric of the harness).
Harness clip at armpit level.
Important Tips
Minimum at least two years of age.
Convertible
Car Seat
Thread vehicle belt or LATCH anchor strap through
forward-facing belt path (check labels on car seat).
Combination
Car Seat
Attach tether strap of car seat to tether anchor in vehicle.
Booster
Always use the shoulder and lap belt.
Shoulder belt should come across chest
and lap belt should be low across the hips.
Important Tips
To protect childʼs head and neck, high-back booster
must be used if vehicle does not have a head restraint
where child is seated.
High-Back
Booster
Backless
Booster
Never place the seat belt under the arm or
behind the back.
Must be at least 4 years old.
Seat Installation
To install your car seat:
1). READ vehicle and car seat instructions.
2). IDENTIFY how vehicle seat belts or LATCH
are to be used when installing a car seat
(read child restraint section of vehicle
instructions).
3). ROUTE vehicle seat belt or LATCH
anchors through correct belt path of car
seat and buckle it.
4). COMPRESS vehicle seat while tightening
seat belt or LATCH.
5). CHECK car seat installation. There should
be no more than 1 inch of side-to-side or
forward movement at the seat belt path.
6). ATTACH top tether for forward-facing seat.
LATCH
Lower anchors and tethers allow you to securely
attach your car seat in your car without using the
vehicle belt.
1). Fasten car seatʼs lower attachments to vehicleʼs
lower anchors. Tighten and secure according
to vehicle and car seat instructions.
2). Attach car seatʼs top tether to vehicleʼs top
anchor and pull to tighten. Note: Tethers are
not used on most rear-facing car seats.
Tether
Car seatsʼ top tether can be used for most
forward-facing seats. Read vehicle and car seat
instructions for more information.
1). Attach tether to top anchor and pull to tighten.