{
STIHL MS 170, 180
Instruction Manual
English
© ANDREAS STIHL AG & Co. KG, 2014
0458-206-0121-B. VA1.L14.
0000006734_003_GB
Printed on chlorine-free paper
Printing inks contain vegetable oils, paper can be recycled.
Original Instruction Manual
Contents
Guide to Using this Manual
Safety Precautions
Reactive Forces
Working Techniques
Cutting Attachment
Mounting the Bar and Chain (front
chain tensioner)
Mounting the Bar and Chain (quick
chain tensioner)
Mounting the Bar and Chain (side
chain tensioner)
Tensioning the Saw Chain (front
chain tensioner)
Tensioning the Saw Chain (quick
chain tensioner)
Tensioning the Saw Chain (side
chain tensioner)
Checking Chain Tension
Fuel
Fueling
Chain Lubricant
Filling Chain Oil Tank
Checking Chain Lubrication
Chain Brake
Starting / Stopping the Engine
Operating Instructions
Taking Care of the Guide Bar
Shroud
Cleaning the Air Filter
Adjusting the Carburetor
Spark Plug
Rewind Starter
2
3
8
9
18
18
19
21
22
Storing the Machine
Checking and Replacing the Chain
Sprocket
Maintaining and Sharpening the
Saw Chain
Maintenance and Care
Minimize Wear and Avoid Damage
Main Parts
Specifications
Ordering Spare Parts
Maintenance and Repairs
Disposal
EC Declaration of Conformity
36
Dear Customer,
36
Thank you for choosing a quality
engineered STIHL product.
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48
It has been built using modern
production techniques and
comprehensive quality assurance.
Every effort has been made to ensure
your satisfaction and troublefree use of
the product.
Please contact your dealer or our sales
company if you have any queries
concerning this product.
Your
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{
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
Dr. Nikolas Stihl
This instruction manual is protected by copyright. All rights reserved, especially the rights to reproduce, translate and process
with electronic systems.
1
English
Intake air baffle: winter
operation
Guide to Using this Manual
This Instruction Manual refers to a
STIHL chain saw, also called a machine
in this Instruction Manual.
Intake air baffle: summer
operation
Pictograms
Handle heating
Pictograms that appear on the machine
are explained in this Instruction Manual.
Fuel tank; fuel mixture of
gasoline and engine oil
Engage and release
chain brake
Coasting brake
Direction of chain travel
Ematic; chain oil flow
adjustment
STIHL's philosophy is to continually
improve all of its products. For this
reason we may modify the design,
engineering and appearance of our
products periodically.
Therefore, some changes, modifications
and improvements may not be covered
in this manual.
Actuate decompression
valve
Depending on the machine and
equipment version, the following
pictograms may appear on the machine.
Tank for chain oil; chain
oil
Engineering improvements
Actuate manual fuel
pump
Symbols in text
WARNING
Warning where there is a risk of an
accident or personal injury or serious
damage to property.
NOTICE
Caution where there is a risk of
damaging the machine or its individual
components.
Tension saw chain
2
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
Safety Precautions
Special safety precautions must be observed to
reduce the risk of personal injury when
working with a chain saw
because of the very high
chain speed and very
sharp cutters.
It is important that you
read the instruction manual before first use and
keep it in a safe place for
future reference. Nonobservance of the
instruction manual may
result in serious or even
fatal injury.
General
Observe all applicable local safety
regulations, standards and ordinances.
The use of noise emitting power tools
may be restricted to certain times by
national or local regulations.
If you have not used this model before:
Have your dealer or other experienced
user show you how to operate your
machine or attend a special course in its
operation.
Minors should never be allowed to use a
chain saw.
Keep bystanders, especially children,
and animals away from the work area.
The user is responsible for avoiding
injury to third parties or damage to their
property.
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
Do not lend or rent your chain saw
without the instruction manual. Be sure
that anyone using it understands the
information contained in this manual.
To operate a chain saw you must be
rested, in good physical condition and
mental health. If you have any condition
that might be aggravated by strenuous
work, check with your doctor before
operating a chain saw.
Do not operate the chain saw if you are
under the influence of any substance
(drugs, alcohol) which might impair
vision, dexterity or judgment.
To reduce the risk of accidents or injury,
put off the work in poor weather
conditions (rain, snow, ice, wind).
Persons with pacemakers only: The
ignition system of your chainsaw
produces an electromagnetic field of a
very low intensity. This field may
interfere with some pacemakers. To
reduce health risks, STIHL recommends
that persons with pacemakers consult
their physician and the pacemaker
manufacturer before operating this
power tool.
Intended use
The machine may only be used to saw
wood and wooden objects.
Do not the machine for any other
purpose – risk of accidents!
Do not modify the machine in any way –
this may increase the risk of personal
injury. STIHL excludes all liability for
personal injury and damage to property
caused while using unauthorised
attachments.
Clothing and Equipment
Wear proper protective clothing and
equipment.
Clothing must be sturdy
but allow complete freedom of movement. Wear
snug-fitting clothing with
cut retardant inserts – do
not wear a work coat.
Avoid clothing that could get caught on
branches or brush or moving parts of the
saw. Do not wear a scarf, necktie or
jewelry. Tie up and confine long hair
(e.g. with a hair net, cap, hard hat, etc.).
Wear steel-toed safety
boots with cut retardant
inserts and non-slip
soles.
WARNING
To reduce the risk of eye
injuries, wear snug-fitting
safety glasses in accordance with European
Standard EN 166. Make
sure the safety glasses
are a good fit.
Wear a face shield and make sure it is a
good fit. A face shield alone does not
provide adequate eye protection.
Wear hearing protection, e.g. earplugs
or ear muffs.
Wear a safety hard hat where there is a
danger of head injuries from falling
objects.
3
English
Wear heavy-duty work
gloves made of durable
material (e.g. leather).
STIHL offers a comprehensive range of
personal protective clothing and
equipment.
Transport
001BA115 KN
Before any transport – even over short
distances – switch off the machine,
engage the chain brake and attach the
chain scabbard. This avoids the risk of
the saw chain starting unintentionally.
Always carry the chain saw by the
handle – with the hot muffler away from
your body, the guide bar must point to
the rear. Avoid touching hot parts of the
machine, especially the surface of the
muffler – risk of burns!
In vehicles: Properly secure the machine
to prevent tipping, damage and chain oil
or fuel spillage.
Cleaning
Clean plastic parts with a cloth. Harsh
detergents can damage the plastic.
4
Clean the dust and dirt off the machine –
do not use any grease solvents for this
purpose.
Open the fuel filler cap carefully so that
any excess pressure is relieved
gradually and fuel does not splash out.
Clean the ventilation slots if necessary.
The machine may only be refuelled in a
well ventilated place. Clean the machine
immediately if fuel is spilled. Do not spill
fuel over your clothing – contaminated
clothing must be changed immediately.
Do not use a high-pressure cleaner to
clean the machine. The hard jet of water
can damage parts of the machine.
Accessories
The machines can be equipped with the
following filler caps as standard:
Only use those tools, guide bars, chains,
chain sprockets, accessories or
technically equivalent components that
have been approved by STIHL for this
machine. If you have any questions in
this respect, consult a servicing dealer.
Use only high quality tools and
accessories. Otherwise, there may be a
risk of accidents and damage to the
machine.
Screw-type tank cap
STIHL recommends the use of genuine
STIHL tools, guide bars, chains, chain
sprockets and accessories. They are
specifically designed to match your
model and meet your performance
requirements.
After fueling, tighten
down the screw-type fuel
cap as securely as
possible.
This reduces the risk of unit vibrations
causing the fuel cap to loosen or come
off and spill quantities of fuel.
Check for leakage. To
reduce the risk of serious
of fatal burn injuries, do
not start or run the engine
until leak is fixed.
Before Starting Work
Refuelling
Petrol is an extremely
flammable fuel – keep
clear of naked flames and
fire – do not spill any fuel
– no smoking.
Switch off the engine before refuelling.
Never refuel the machine while the
engine is still hot – the fuel may spill over
– risk of fire!
Check that your saw is properly
assembled and in good condition – refer
to appropriate chapters in the instruction
manual.
–
Check the fuel system for leaks,
paying special attention to visible
parts such as the tank cap, hose
connections and the manual fuel
pump (on machines so equipped). If
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
–
Check operation of chain brake,
front hand guard
–
Correctly mounted guide bar
–
Correctly tensioned chain
–
The trigger and trigger lockout must
move freely and spring back to the
idle position when they are
released.
–
–
Master Control lever must move
easily to STOP, 0 or †
Check that the spark plug boot is
secure – a loose boot may cause
arcing that could ignite combustible
fumes and cause a fire.
–
Never attempt to modify the controls
or safety devices in any way.
–
Keep the handles dry and clean –
free from oil and dirt – for safe
control of the saw.
–
Make sure there is sufficient fuel
and chain oil in the tanks.
To reduce the risk of personal injury, do
not operate your saw if it is damaged or
not properly assembled.
Starting the chain saw
Always work on a level surface. Ensure
a firm and secure footing. Hold the
machine securely – the chain must not
touch any objects or the floor – danger of
injury due to the rotating saw chain.
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
Your chain saw is a one-person saw. Do
not allow other persons to be in the
working area – not even while starting.
Do not start the chain saw if the chain is
in a cut.
Move at least 3 meters away from the
place where the machine was refuelled
and never start the motor in enclosed
spaces.
Lock the chain with the chain brake
before starting – risk of injury due to
rotating chain!
Do not drop-start the engine – start as
described in the Instruction Manual.
During operation
Ensure you always have a firm and safe
footing. Take special care when the bark
is wet – danger of slipping!
Never let the machine run unattended.
Exercise caution with slippery surfaces,
water, snow, ice, steep slopes, uneven
ground or green wood that has just been
stripped of its bark – danger of slipping!
Use caution with tree stumps, roots,
ditches – danger of stumbling!
Do not work alone – keep within calling
distance of others who are trained in
emergency procedures and can provide
help in an emergency. Helpers at the
cutting site must also wear protective
clothing (helmet!) and stand well clear of
the branches being cut.
More care and attention than usual are
required when wearing ear protection,
as warning sounds (shouts, beeps, etc.)
cannot be heard properly.
Take a break in good time to avoid
tiredness or exhaustion – risk of
accidents!
Dust (e. g., sawdust), fumes and smoke
produced while using the machine may
be hazardous to health. If dust is
generated, wear a dust mask.
001BA087 LÄ
there are any leaks or damage, do
not start the engine – risk of fire.
Have your saw repaired by a
servicing dealer before using it
again.
Always hold the chain saw firmly with
both hands: Right hand on the rear
handle – even if you are left-handed. To
ensure reliable control, wrap your
thumbs tightly around the handlebar and
handle.
When the engine is running: Note that
the saw chain continues to rotate for a
short period after you let go of the
throttle trigger – coasting effect.
No smoking when working with or near
the chain saw - risk of fire! Combustible
fuel vapour may escape from the fuel
system.
In the event of impending danger or in
an emergency, switch off the engine
immediately by moving the Master
Control lever / stop switch to STOP, 0 or
†.
5
English
Examine the saw chain periodically at
short intervals and as soon as you note
any tangible changes:
a machine that is not in perfect working
order. In case of doubt, have the unit
checked by your servicing dealer.
–
Switch off the engine; wait until the
saw chain is stationary
–
Check condition and secure fitting
–
Check sharpness
Check for correct idling, so that the saw
chain stops moving when the throttle
trigger is released. Check the idle setting
regularly and correct when possible.
Have the machine repaired by a STIHL
servicing dealer if the saw chain still
continues to move during idling.
Never touch the saw chain when the
engine is running. If the saw chain
becomes jammed by an object, switch
off the engine immediately before
attempting to remove the object – risk of
injury!
Always turn off the engine before leaving
the machine unattended.
To change the saw chain, switch off the
engine. Risk of injury from the motor
starting unintentionally!
Keep easily combustible materials
(e. g., wood chips, bark, dry grass, fuel)
away from hot exhaust gases and hot
mufflers – risk of fire! Mufflers with
catalytic converters can become
especially hot.
Never work without chain lubrication –
monitor the oil level in the oil tank. Stop
work immediately if the oil level in the oil
tank is too low and top up with chain oil
– see also "Topping up with chain oil"
and "Check chain lubrication".
If the machine is subjected to unusually
high loads for which it was not designed
(e. g., heavy impact or a fall), always
check that it is in good condition before
continuing work – see also "Before
starting work".
Check the fuel system for leaks and
make sure the safety devices are
working properly. Never continue using
6
The chain saw produces
poisonous exhaust gases
as soon as the engine
starts. These gases may
be colourless and odourless and may contain
unburnt hydrocarbons
and benzene. Never work
with the machine indoors
or in poorly ventilated
areas, even if your
machine is equipped with
a catalytic converter.
Ensure proper ventilation when working
in trenches, hollows or other confined
locations – risk of fatal injury from
breathing toxic fumes!
If you feel sick, have a headache, vision
problems (e. g., your field of vision gets
smaller), hearing problems, dizziness or
inability to concentrate, stop work
immediately. Such symptoms may be
caused by an excessively high
concentration of exhaust emissions –
risk of accident!
After finishing work
Switch off the motor, engage the chain
brake and attach the chain scabbard.
Storage
When the machine is not in use, it
should be stored in such a way that noone is endangered. Secure the machine
against unauthorised use.
Store the machine in a safe, dry room.
Vibrations
Prolonged use of the power tool may
result in vibration-induced circulation
problems in the hands (whitefinger
disease).
No general recommendation can be
given for the length of usage because it
depends on several factors.
The period of usage is prolonged by:
–
Hand protection (wearing warm
gloves)
–
Work breaks
The period of usage is shortened by:
–
Any personal tendency to suffer
from poor circulation (symptoms:
frequently cold fingers, tingling
sensations).
–
Low outside temperatures.
–
The force with which the handles
are held (a tight grip restricts
circulation).
Continual and regular users should
monitor closely the condition of their
hands and fingers. If any of the above
symptoms appear (e.g. tingling
sensation in fingers), seek medical
advice.
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
Maintenance and repairs
Check ignition lead (insulation in good
condition, secure connection).
Always switch off the engine before any
repair, cleaning or maintenance work
and any work on the chain. Risk of injury
if the engine starts inadvertently!
Check that the muffler is in perfect
working condition.
Exception: adjustment of carburettor
and idle speed.
The machine must be serviced regularly.
Do not attempt any maintenance or
repair work not described in the
Instruction Manual. All other work should
be carried out by a servicing dealer.
STIHL recommends that maintenance
and repair work be carried out only by
authorised STIHL dealers. STIHL
dealers receive regular training and are
supplied with technical information.
Use only high-quality spare parts.
Otherwise, there may be a risk of
accidents and damage to the machine. If
you have any questions in this respect,
consult a servicing dealer.
Do not modify the machine in any way –
this may increase the risk of personal
injury –risk of accidents!
To reduce the risk of fire due to ignition
outside the cylinder, move the master
control level to STOP, 0 or † before
turning the engine over on the starter
when the spark plug boot is removed or
the spark plug is unscrewed!
Do not use the machine if the muffler is
damaged or missing – risk of fire,
damage to hearing!
Never touch a hot muffler – risk of burns!
The condition of the anti-vibration
elements influences vibration behaviour
– inspect anti-vibration elements
periodically.
Inspect chain catcher – replace if
damaged.
Switch off the engine
–
To check the chain tension
–
To retension the chain
–
To replace the chain
–
For remedying malfunctions
Observe sharpening instructions – for
safe and proper handling, always keep
the chain and guide bar in flawless
condition. Keep the chain properly
sharpened, tensioned and well
lubricated.
Change chain, guide bar and chain
sprocket in due time.
Regularly check that the clutch drum is
in perfect working condition.
Check fuel cap regularly for tightness.
Always store fuel and chain lubricant
only in the specified type of containers
and ensure they are correctly labelled.
Store in a dry, cool and secure place
protected against light and sunlight.
Use only spark plugs that are in perfect
condition and have been approved by
STIHL – see "Specifications".
In the event of a chain brake
malfunction, switch off the machine
immediately – risk of injury! Consult a
Do not service or store the machine near
a naked flame – risk of fire due to the
fuel.
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
servicing dealer – do not use the
machine until the malfunction has been
remedied, see "Chain brake".
7
English
Kickback occurs if, for example,
The most common reactive forces are:
kickback, pushback and pull-in.
001BA257 KN
Dangers of kickback
Kickback can result in
fatal cuts.
–
–
The saw chain in the area of the
upper quarter of the guide bar nose
unintentionally comes into contact
with wood or a solid object – e. g.,
unintentionally touches another limb
during limbing
The saw chain at the nose of the
guide bar is briefly pinched in the cut
001BA036 KN
QuickStop chain brake:
Kickback occurs when the saw is
suddenly thrown up and back in an
uncontrolled arc towards the operator.
8
This device reduces the risk of injury in
certain situations – it cannot prevent
kickback. If activated, the brake stops
the saw chain within a fraction of a
second –
refer to chapter "Chain brake" in this
Instruction Manual.
–
Be especially careful with small,
tough limbs, undergrowth and
offshoots – the saw chain may
become caught in them
–
Never cut several limbs at once
–
Do not lean too far forward
–
Do not cut above shoulder height
–
Use extreme caution when reentering a previous cut
–
Do not attempt plunge cuts if you
are not experienced in this cutting
technique
–
Be alert for shifting of the log or
other forces that may cause the cut
to close and pinch the chain
–
Always cut with a correctly
sharpened, properly tensioned saw
chain – the depth gauge setting
must not be too large
–
Use low-kickback saw chains as
well as narrow-radius guide bars
Pull-in (A)
Reducing the risk of kickback
–
Work cautiously and methodically
–
Hold the chain saw firmly with both
hands and maintain a secure grip
–
Always cut at full throttle
–
Be aware of the location of the guide
bar nose
–
Do not cut with the guide bar nose
A
001BA037 KN
Reactive Forces
When the chain on the bottom of the bar
– overbucking – is suddenly pinched,
caught or encounters a foreign object in
the wood, the chain saw may suddenly
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
Dead wood (brittle, rotten or dead wood)
poses a significant, highly unpredictable
hazard. It is extremely difficult or even
practically impossible to recognise the
danger. Use aids such as winches or
draglines.
be drawn forward toward the log – to
avoid this, engage the bumper spike
firmly in the wood.
Pushback (B)
B
001BA038 KN
When felling close to roads, rail lines,
power lines, etc., work with particular
care. If necessary, notify police, power
companies or railway authorities.
When the chain on the top of the bar –
underbucking – is suddenly pinched,
caught or encounters a foreign object in
the wood, the chain saw may suddenly
be driven straight back toward the
operator – to avoid this:
–
Do not allow the top of the guide bar
to become jammed
–
Do not twist the guide bar in the cut
Be very careful
–
With freely hanging limbs
–
With trunks that are under tension
between other trees because they
fell unfavourably
–
When working in windbreaks
Working Techniques
Sawing and felling work, including all
related work (plunge cutting, limbing,
etc.) may only be carried out by persons
who have been specially trained and
instructed. Persons who are not
experienced chain saw users should not
carry out any such work – increased risk
of accidents!
Country-specific legislation on felling
technique must be complied with during
felling work.
Cutting
Do not operate your saw with the
starting throttle lock engaged. Engine
speed cannot be controlled with the
throttle trigger in this position.
Work calmly and carefully – in daylight
conditions and only when visibility is
good. Ensure you do not endanger
others – stay alert at all times.
First-time users are advised to practice
cutting logs on a sawhorse – see "When
cutting small logs".
Use the shortest possible guide bar: The
chain, guide bar and chain sprocket
must match each other and your saw.
In these cases, do not use a chain saw –
use a hoist, winch or dragline instead.
Pull out trunks that are lying about and
have been cut free. Whenever possible,
deal with them in open areas.
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
9
English
Note when reaching the end of a cut that
the saw is no longer supported in the
kerf. You have to take the full weight of
the machine since it might otherwise go
out of control.
materials, dry plants or scrub. Always
contact your local forest authority for
information on a possible fire risk.
001BA082 KN
When cutting small logs:
–
Use a sturdy and stable support –
sawhorse.
Position the saw so that your body is
clear of the cutting attachment.
–
Never hold the log with your leg or
foot.
Always pull the saw out of the cut with
the chain running.
–
Never allow another person to hold
the log or help in any other way.
Use your chain saw for cutting only. It is
not designed for prying or shoveling
away limbs, roots or other objects.
Limbing:
Take care when cutting scrub and young
trees. The saw chain may catch and
throw thin shoots in your direction.
001BA033 KN
Do not underbuck freely hanging limbs.
To reduce the risk of injury, take special
care when cutting shattered wood
because of the risk of injury from slivers
being caught and thrown in your
direction.
If on a slope, stand on the uphill side of
the log. Watch out for rolling logs.
–
Always use a lift bucket
Make sure your saw does not touch any
foreign materials: Stones, nails, etc. may
be flung off and damage the saw chain.
The saw may kick back unexpectedly –
risk of accidents.
–
Never work on a ladder or in a tree
–
Never work on an insecure support
–
Do not work above shoulder height
–
Never operate your power tool with
one hand
If the rotating chain makes contact with
a rock or other solid object there is a risk
of sparking which may cause easily
combustible material to catch fire under
certain circumstances. Dry plants and
scrub are also easily combustible,
especially in hot and dry weather
conditions. If there is a risk of fire, do not
use your chainsaw near combustible
10
When working at heights:
–
Use a low kickback chain.
–
Work with the saw supported
wherever possible.
–
Do not stand on the log while
limbing it.
–
Do not cut with the bar nose.
–
Watch for limbs which are under
tension.
–
Never cut several limbs at once.
Lying or standing logs under tension:
Always make cuts in the correct
sequence (first at the compression
side (1), then at the tension side (2), the
saw may otherwise pinch or kick back –
risk of injury.
Begin cutting with the saw at full throttle
and engage the spiked bumper firmly in
the wood, and then continue cutting.
Never work without the spiked bumper
because the saw may pull you forwards
and off balance. Always engage the
spiked bumper securely in the tree or
limb.
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
Ripping cut:
1
1/ 2
1
21/2
001BA088 LÄ
2
001BA151 KN
1
Maintain a distance of at least 2 1/2 tree
lengths from the next felling site.
2
N
Make relieving cut at the
compression side (1)
Make bucking cut at the tension
side (2)
Be wary of pushback when making
bucking cut from the bottom upwards
(underbuck).
NOTICE
Do not cut a lying log at a point where it
is touching the ground because the saw
chain will otherwise be damaged.
001BA189 KN
N
Select gap in stand into which you want
the tree to fall.
001BA152 KN
1
Determine direction of fall and escape
path.
Cutting technique in which the spiked
bumper is not used – risk of pull-in – start
the cut with the guide bar at the
shallowest possible angle – take extra
care since there is an increased danger
of kickback.
Preparations for Felling
Check that there are no other persons in
the felling area – other than helpers.
Make sure no-one is endangered by the
falling tree – the noise of your engine
may drown any warning calls.
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
Pay special attention to the following
points:
–
The natural lean of the tree
–
Any unusually heavy limb structure,
damage
–
The wind direction and speed – do
not fell in high winds
–
Sloping ground
–
Neighboring trees
–
Snow load
–
Soundness of tree – take special
care if trunk is damaged or in case
of deadwood (dry, decayed or rotted
wood)
11
English
Preparing work area at base of tree
B
–
–
45°
A
Felling Notch
First clear the tree base and work
area from interfering limbs and
brush to provide a secure footing.
Preparing felling notch
Clean lower portion of tree base
(e.g. with an axe) – sand, stones
and other foreign objects will dull the
saw chain.
C
–
Establish paths of escape for
everyone concerned – opposite to
direction of fall at about 45°.
–
C
Make the vertical cut first, then the
horizontal – but only if the wood is
sound
001BA271 KN
Direction of fall
Escape path (or retreat path)
001BA040 KN
B
A
B
001BA146 KN
45°
The felling notch (C) determines the
direction of fall.
–
Remove all obstacles from escape
paths.
–
Place all tools and equipment a safe
distance away from the tree, but not
on the escape paths.
–
Make felling notch at a right angle to
the planned direction of fall.
–
Cut close to the ground.
–
Always keep to the side of the falling
tree and only walk away along the
preplanned escape path.
–
Cut to a depth of about 1/5 to 1/3 of
the trunk diameter.
–
On steep slopes, plan escape
routes parallel to the slope.
–
When walking away along the
escape path, watch out for falling
limbs and watch the top of the tree.
12
Important:
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
Determine direction of fall with gunning
sight on shroud and fan housing
Check direction of fall
felling notch to a depth of about 1/10 of
trunk diameter. On large diameter trees,
cut to no more than width of guide bar.
Your chainsaw has a gunning sight on
the shroud and fan housing. Use this
gunning sight.
Making Felling Notch
Position the saw so that the felling notch
is at a right angle to the direction you
want the tree to fall.
N
Basic Information on Felling Cut
Stump dimensions
Position the saw in the horizontal
cut. The gunning sight must point in
the planned direction of fall – if
necessary, correct direction of fall
by re-cutting the felling notch.
C
D
The sequence in which the felling notch
is made with a horizontal cut (bottom)
and angled cut (top) is defined in
country-specific regulations.
N
Make horizontal cut (bottom)
N
Make the angled cut (top) at about
45°- 60° to the horizontal cut.
1/10
Sapwood cuts
C
E
001BA259 KN
001BA153 KN
001BA153 KN
Do not make sapwood cuts if wood is
diseased.
G
The felling notch (C) determines the
direction of fall.
001BA150 KN
The hinge (D) helps control the falling
tree.
Sapwood cuts in long-fibered softwood
help prevent sapwood splintering when
the tree falls. Make cuts at both sides of
the trunk at same height as bottom of
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
–
Width of hinge: about 1/10 of tree
diameter.
–
To reduce the risk of accidents, do
not cut through the hinge – you
could lose control of the direction of
fall.
–
Leave a broader hinge on rotten
trees.
13
English
The tree is felled with the felling cut (E).
Cut horizontally.
–
1/10 (at least 3 cm) of width of
hinge (D) higher than bottom of
felling notch (C).
The holding strap (F) or stabilizing
strap (G) supports the tree and helps
prevent it from falling prematurely.
–
Width of strap: about 1/10 to 1/5 of
tree diameter.
–
Do not cut into the strap while
making the felling cut.
–
Leave a broader strap on rotten
trees.
Contact your STIHL dealer for advice on
selecting the right felling wedge (length,
width and height).
2.
Swing saw slowly into plungecutting position – take care because
of the risk of kickback or pushback.
3.
Make the plunge cut very carefully.
Danger of pushback.
The criteria for choosing the right felling
cut are the same as those for
determining the direction of fall and the
escape path.
–
For relieving cuts during bucking
–
For wood carving
There are many different variations of
these characteristics. Only the two most
common characteristics are described in
this manual:
001BA270 KN
Plunge cutting
Choosing Right Felling Cut
001BA260 KN
–
Begin cut by applying the lower
portion of the guide bar nose – do
not use upper portion because of –
risk of kickback. Start cutting at full
throttle until depth of kerf is twice the
width of the guide bar.
1.
Use the plunge-cutting sight if possible.
The plunge-cutting sight and the top and
bottom of the guide bar are parallel.
14
Use a low kickback chain and
exercise particular caution
001BA269 KN
3.
N
Left:
Felling wedges
Felling Cut with Stabilizing Strap
(Normal Tree)
Make use of wedges as soon as
possible, i.e. providing they do not
interfere with cutting. Drive wedge into
felling cut with a suitable tool.
1.
2.
When making the plunge cut, the sight
helps keep the hinge horizontal, i.e. the
same thickness all round. To do this,
hold the plunge-cutting sight parallel to
the chord of the felling notch.
Use only aluminum or plastic wedges –
never steel. Steel wedges can seriously
damage the saw chain and cause
dangerous kickback.
Right:
Normal tree – vertical trunk
with uniform tree crown.
Leaner – tree crown leans in
direction of fall.
A) Small diameter trees
Perform this felling cut when the tree
diameter is smaller than the length of the
guide bar.
Select felling wedges that suit the
diameter of the tree and width of the kerf
(felling cut (E)).
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
1.
2.
1.
3.
2.
Shout a warning before starting the
felling cut.
N
Start felling cut (E) using plunge-cut
method – insert full length of guide
bar in the trunk.
Engage the spiked bumper behind
the hinge and use it as a pivot –
avoid repositioning the saw more
than necessary.
5.
N
Insert a felling wedge (3).
Shout a second warning immediately
before the tree falls.
N
001BA263 KN
001BA273 KN
001BA261 KN
4.
N
3.
Shout a warning before starting the
felling cut.
N
Engage the spiked bumper at the
required height of the felling cut and
use it as a pivot – avoid
repositioning the saw more than
necessary.
N
The guide bar nose enters the
wood (1) before it reaches the hinge
– hold the saw horizontally and
swing it as far as possible.
N
Enlarge felling cut as far as
hinge (2).
Holding the saw with outstretched
arms, cut through the stabilizing
strap horizontally at the same level
as the felling cut.
B) Large diameter trees
Perform this felling cut when the tree
diameter is greater than the length of the
guide bar.
N
Enlarge felling cut as far as
hinge (1).
–
Do not cut into the hinge.
N
Enlarge felling cut as far as
stabilizing strap (2).
–
Do not cut into the hinge.
–
Do not cut into the stabilizing strap.
N
Enlarge felling cut as far as
stabilizing strap (3).
–
Do not cut into the stabilizing strap.
Continue the felling cut on the other side
of the trunk.
Make sure the second cut is at the same
height as the first cut.
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
15
English
N
Start felling cut using plunge-cut
method.
Felling Cut with Holding Strap (Leaner)
N
Enlarge felling cut as far as
hinge (4).
A) Small diameter trees
–
Do not cut into the hinge.
N
Enlarge felling cut as far as
stabilizing strap (5).
–
Do not cut into the stabilizing strap.
Perform this felling cut when the tree
diameter is smaller than the length of the
guide bar.
2.
001BA266 KN
1.
Shout a second warning immediately
before the tree falls.
6.
N
Insert a felling wedge (6).
Shout a second warning immediately
before the tree falls.
N
16
Holding the saw with outstretched
arms, cut through the stabilizing
strap horizontally at the same level
as the felling cut.
001BA265 KN
001BA274 KN
N
N
Plunge the guide bar into the trunk
until it emerges at the other side.
N
Enlarge the felling cut (E) in
direction of hinge (1).
–
Cut horizontally.
–
Do not cut into the hinge.
N
Enlarge the felling cut in direction of
holding strap (2).
–
Cut horizontally.
–
Do not cut into the holding strap.
Cut through the holding strap at a
downward angle from outside with
outstretched arms.
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
Continue the felling cut on the other side
of the trunk.
B) Large diameter trees
Make sure the second cut is at the same
height as the first cut.
1.
2.
N
Engage the spiked bumper behind
the hinge and use it as a pivot –
avoid repositioning the saw more
than necessary.
N
The guide bar nose enters the
wood (4) before it reaches the
holding strap – hold the saw
horizontally and swing it as far as
possible.
N
Enlarge felling cut as far as
hinge (5).
–
Do not cut into the hinge.
N
Enlarge felling cut as far as holding
strap (6).
–
Do not cut into the holding strap.
3.
6.
5.
Perform this felling cut when the tree
diameter is greater than the length of the
guide bar.
N
Engage the spiked bumper behind
the holding strap and use it as a
pivot – avoid repositioning the saw
more than necessary.
N
The guide bar nose enters the
wood (1) before it reaches the hinge
– hold the saw horizontally and
swing it as far as possible.
–
Do not cut into the holding strap or
hinge.
N
Enlarge felling cut as far as
hinge (2).
–
Do not cut into the hinge.
N
Enlarge felling cut as far as holding
strap (3).
–
Do not cut into the holding strap.
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
Cut through the holding strap at a
downward angle from outside with
outstretched arms.
001BA268 KN
001BA267 KN
4.
N
Shout a second warning immediately
before the tree falls.
17
English
Chain Scabbard
Cutting Attachment
Mounting the Bar and Chain
(front chain tensioner)
A cutting attachment consists of the saw
chain, guide bar and chain sprocket.
a
–
–
3
The pitch (t) of the saw chain (1),
chain sprocket and the nose
sprocket of the Rollomatic guide bar
must match.
Your saw comes standard with a chain
scabbard that matches the cutting
attachment.
If guide bars of different lengths are
mounted to the saw, always use a chain
scabbard of the correct length which
covers the complete guide bar.
143BA034 KN
001BA248 KN
2
N
Unscrew the nut and remove the
chain sprocket cover.
The length of the matching guide bars is
marked on the side of the chain
scabbard.
The drive link gauge (2) of the saw
chain (1) must match the groove
width of the guide bar (3).
2
1
207BA009 KN
1
001BA244 KN
The cutting attachment that comes
standard is designed to exactly match
the chain saw.
Removing the chain sprocket cover
If non-matching components are used,
the cutting attachment may be damaged
beyond repair after a short period of
operation.
N
18
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
Turn the screw (1)
counterclockwise until the
tensioning nut (2) butts against the
left end of the housing slot.
English
Disengage the chain brake.
Mounting the Bar and Chain
(quick chain tensioner)
001BA186 KN
2
N
Pull the hand guard towards the
front handle until there is an audible
click – the chain brake is
disengaged.
143BA003 KN
Fitting the chain
N
1
4
Removing the chain sprocket cover
Fit the guide bar over the studs (1) –
the cutting edges on the top of the
bar must point to the right.
N
Engage the peg of the tensioner
slide in the locating hole (2) –- place
the chain over the sprocket (3) at
the same time.
N
Turn the tensioning screw (4)
clockwise until there is very little
chain sag on the underside of the
bar – and the drive link tangs are
engaged in the bar groove.
N
Refit the sprocket cover and screw
on the nut only fingertight.
N
Go to chapter on "Tensioning the
Saw Chain"
1
3
N
Swing grip (1) into position (until it
engages)
N
Turn the wing nut (2) to the left until
it hangs loosely in the chain
sprocket cover (3)
N
Remove chain sprocket cover (3)
Mounting the tensioning gear
WARNING
1
2310BA014 KN
Wear work gloves to protect your hands
from the sharp cutters.
N
2
Fit the chain – start at the bar nose.
N
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
2310BA013 KN
1
207BA010 KN
3
Remove and reverse tensioning
gear (1)
19
English
Releasing the chain brake
N
Fit the saw chain – starting at the
nose of the guide bar – pay attention
to the position of the tensioning gear
and the cutting edges
N
Turn tensioning gear (1) to the right
as far as possible
N
Turn the guide bar so that the
tensioning gear faces the user
Remove screw (2)
1
3
N
2310BA016 KN
N
Pull hand guard towards the front
handle until it engages audibly –
chain brake is released
2
3
181BA013 KN
N
001BA186 KN
2310BA015 KN
2
Fitting the saw chain
Position tensioning gear (1) and
guide bar (3) relative to one another
N
Place the saw chain on the chain
sprocket (2)
N
Slide the guide bar over the collar
screw (3); the head of the rear collar
screw must protrude into the oblong
hole
2310BA017 KN
2
Insert and tighten screw (2)
1
181BA012 KN
N
WARNING
Put on protective gloves – risk of injury
by the sharp cutters.
20
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
turn the adjusting wheel (4) a little
until the chain sprocket cover can
be slid completely against the
engine housing
N
Swing grip (5) into position (until it
engages)
N
Fit wing nut and tighten lightly
N
Next step: see "Tensioning the Saw
Chain"
Mounting the Bar and Chain
(side chain tensioner)
Removing the chain sprocket cover
N
Guide the drive link into the bar
groove (see arrow) and turn the
tensioning gear to the left as far as
possible
N
Fit chain sprocket cover, sliding the
guide lugs into the engine housing
openings
N
1
2
N
4
Turn screw (1) to the left until the
tensioner slide (2) butts against the
left end of the housing slot
2310BA018 KN
5
Unscrew nuts and remove chain
sprocket cover
001BA185 KN
135BA011 KN
143BA034 KN
N
When fitting the chain sprocket cover,
the teeth of the adjusting wheel and the
tensioning gear must mesh; if
necessary,
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
21
English
Releasing the chain brake
001BA186 KN
2 4
N
Pull hand guard towards the front
handle until it engages audibly –
chain brake is released
N
Position the guide bar over the
bolts (1) – the cutting edges of the
saw chain must point to the right
N
Position the locating hole (2) over
the peg of the tensioner slide –
simultaneously place the saw chain
over the sprocket wheel (3)
Retensioning during cutting work:
Turn screw (4) to the right until there
is very little chain sag on the
underside of the bar – and the drive
link tangs engage in the bar groove
Fitting the saw chain
N
143BA003 KN
N
WARNING
Put on protective gloves – risk of injury
by the sharp cutters
N
22
Fit the chain starting at the nose of
the guide bar
1
N
Refit the chain sprocket cover – and
then screw on the nut by hand until
it is fingertight
Go to chapter "Tensioning the saw
chain"
1
143BA045 KN
1
001BA187 KN
3
Tensioning the Saw Chain
(front chain tensioner)
N
Switch off the engine.
N
Loosen the nuts.
N
Hold the bar nose up.
N
Use a screwdriver to turn the
tensioning screw (1) clockwise until
the chain fits snugly against the
underside of the bar.
N
While still holding the bar nose up,
tighten down the nuts firmly.
N
Go to "Checking Chain Tension".
A new chain has to be retensioned more
often than one that has been in use for
some time.
N
Check chain tension frequently –
see chapter on "Operating
Instructions".
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
Tensioning the Saw Chain
(quick chain tensioner)
Tensioning the Saw Chain
(side chain tensioner)
Checking Chain Tension
Retensioning during cutting work:
Retensioning during cutting work:
N
Shut off the engine.
N
Shut off the engine.
N
Pull out the hinged clip and loosen
the wingnut.
N
Loosen the nuts.
Hold the bar nose up.
N
Turn the adjusting wheel (1)
clockwise as far as stop.
N
N
N
Tighten down the wingnut (2) firmly
by hand.
Use a screwdriver to turn the
tensioning screw (1) clockwise until
the chain fits snugly against the
underside of the bar.
N
Fold down the hinged clip.
N
Go to "Checking Chain Tension"
A new chain has to be retensioned more
often than one that has been in use for
some time.
N
Check chain tension frequently –
see chapter on "Operating
Instructions".
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
N
While still holding the bar nose up,
tighten down the nuts firmly.
N
Go to "Checking Chain Tension".
A new chain has to be retensioned more
often than one that has been in use for
some time.
N
143BA007 KN
1
001BA112 KN
2
133BA024 KN
1
N
Shut off the engine.
N
Wear work gloves to protect your
hands.
N
The chain must fit snugly against
the underside of the bar and it must
still be possible to pull the chain
along the bar by hand.
N
If necessary, retension the chain.
A new chain has to be retensioned more
often than one that has been in use for
some time.
N
Check chain tension frequently –
see chapter on "Operating
Instructions".
Check chain tension frequently –
see chapter on "Operating
Instructions".
23
English
Fuel
Your engine requires a mixture of
gasoline and engine oil.
WARNING
For health reasons, avoid direct skin
contact with gasoline and avoid inhaling
gasoline vapor.
If your machine is equipped with a
catalytic converter, you must use
unleaded gasoline.
NOTICE
A few tankfuls of leaded gasoline will
greatly reduce the efficiency of the
catalytic converter.
Examples
Gasoline
Liters
1
5
10
15
20
25
Gasoline with an ethanol content of
more than 10% can cause running
problems in engines with a manually
adjustable carburetor and should not be
used in such engines.
N
STIHL recommends the use of STIHL
MotoMix. This ready-to-use fuel mix
contains no benzol or lead, has a high
octane rating and ensures that you
always use the right mix ratio.
Engines equipped with M-Tronic deliver
full power when run on gasoline with an
ethanol content of up to 25% (E25).
Storing Fuel
STIHL MotoMix uses STIHL HP Ultra
two-stroke engine oil for an extra long
engine life.
Use only high-quality two-stroke engine
oil – preferably STIHL HP, HP Super or
HP Ultra, which are specially formulated
for use in STIHL engines. HP Ultra
guarantees high performance and a
long engine life.
STIHL MotoMix
MotoMix is not available in all markets.
Mixing Fuel
NOTICE
Unsuitable fuels or lubricants or mix
ratios other than those specified may
result in serious damage to the engine.
Poor quality gasoline or engine oil may
damage the engine, sealing rings, hoses
and the fuel tank.
Gasoline
Use only high-quality brand-name
gasoline with a minimum octane rating
of 90 – leaded or unleaded.
24
Engine oil
These engine oils are not available in all
markets.
Use only STIHL 50:1 two-stroke engine
oil for the fuel mix in models with a
catalytic converter.
STIHL engine oil 50:1
Liters
(ml)
0.02
(20)
0.10
(100)
0.20
(200)
0.30
(300)
0.40
(400)
0.50
(500)
Use a canister approved for storing
fuel. Pour oil into canister first, then
add gasoline and mix thoroughly.
Store fuel only in approved safety-type
fuel canisters in a dry, cool and safe
location protected from light and the sun.
Fuel mix ages – only mix sufficient fuel
for a few weeks work. Do not store fuel
mix for longer than 30 days. Exposure to
light, the sun, low or high temperatures
can quickly make the fuel mix unusable.
STIHL MotoMix may be stored for up to
2 years without any problems.
N
Thoroughly shake the mixture in the
canister before fueling your
machine.
Mix Ratio
STIHL 50:1 two-stroke engine oil: 50
parts gasoline to 1 part oil
WARNING
Pressure may build up in the canister –
open it carefully.
N
Clean the fuel tank and canister
from time to time.
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
Dispose of remaining fuel and cleaning
fluid properly in accordance with local
regulations and environmental
requirements.
Fuel pick-up body replacement
Fueling
N
Before fueling, clean the filler cap
and the area around it so that dirt
cannot fall into the tank.
N
Always position the machine so that
the filler cap is facing upwards
N
Open the filler cap
143BA009 KN
143BA000 KN
Preparing the machine
Change the fuel pick-up body every
year; to do this:
N
Drain the fuel tank
N
Pull the fuel pick-up body out of the
tank with a hook and disconnect it
from the hose
N
Connect a new fuel pick-up body to
the hose
N
Return the fuel pick-up body to the
tank
Refueling
Take care not to spill fuel while fueling
and do not overfill the tank.
STIHL recommends use of the STIHL
filling system for fuel (special
accessory).
WARNING
After fueling, tighten down the filler cap
by hand as securely as possible.
Use a suitable tool (e. g., screwdriver of
the combination wrench) for slotted filler
caps.
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
25
English
Chain Lubricant
For automatic and reliable lubrication of
the chain and guide bar – use only an
environmentally compatible quality
chain and bar lubricant. Rapidly
biodegradable STIHL BioPlus is
recommended.
If the oil level in the tank does not go
down, the reason may be a fault in the oil
supply system: Check chain lubrication,
clean the oilways, contact your dealer
for assistance if necessary STIHL
recommends that you have servicing
and repair work carried out exclusively
by an authorized STIHL servicing
dealer.
Filling Chain Oil Tank
Preparations
NOTICE
The service life of the chain and guide
bar depends on the quality of the
lubricant. It is therefore essential to use
only a specially formulated chain
lubricant.
WARNING
Do not use waste oil. Renewed contact
with waste oil can cause skin cancer.
Moreover, waste oil is environmentally
harmful.
NOTICE
Waste oil does not have the necessary
lubricating properties and is unsuitable
for chain lubrication.
001BA158 KN
Biological chain oil must be resistant to
aging (e.g. STIHL BioPlus), since it will
otherwise quickly turn to resin. This
results in hard deposits that are difficult
to remove, especially in the area of the
chain drive and chain. It may even cause
the oil pump to seize.
N
Thoroughly clean the oil filler cap
and the area around it to ensure that
no dirt falls into the tank.
N
Position the machine so that the
filler cap is facing up.
N
Open the filler cap.
Fill up with chain oil.
N
Refill the chain oil tank every time
you refuel.
Take care not to spill chain oil while
refilling and do not overfill the tank.
STIHL recommends you use the STIHL
filler nozzle for chain oil (special
accessory).
N
Close the filler cap.
There must still be a small amount of oil
in the oil tank when the fuel tank is
empty.
26
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
Checking Chain Lubrication
Releasing the chain brake
Chain Brake
143BA024 KN
143BA012 KN
Locking the chain
N
143BA011 KN
The saw chain must always throw off a
small amount of oil.
NOTICE
Never operate your saw without chain
lubrication. If the chain runs dry, the
whole cutting attachment will be
irretrievably damaged within a very short
time. Always check chain lubrication and
the oil level in the tank before starting
work.
Every new chain has to be broken in for
about 2 to 3 minutes.
After breaking in the chain, check chain
tension and adjust if necessary – see
"Checking Chain Tension".
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
–
in an emergency
–
when starting
–
at idling speed
The chain brake is activated by pushing
the hand guard toward the bar nose with
your left hand – or by inertia in certain
kickback situations: The chain is
stopped and locked.
Pull the hand guard back toward the
front handle,
NOTICE
Always disengage chain brake before
accelerating the engine (except when
checking its operation) and before
starting cutting work.
High revs with the chain brake engaged
(chain locked) will quickly damage the
powerhead and chain drive (clutch,
chain brake).
The chain brake is also activated by the
inertia of the front hand guard if the
kickback force of the saw is high
enough: The hand guard is accelerated
toward the bar nose – even if your left
hand is not behind the hand guard, e.g.
during felling cut.
27
English
The chain brake will operate only if the
hand guard has not been modified in any
way.
Check operation of the chain brake
Before starting work: Run engine at idle
speed, engage the chain brake (push
hand guard toward bar nose) and open
the throttle wide for no more than
3 seconds – the chain must not rotate.
The hand guard must be free from dirt
and move freely.
Adjusting the master control lever
Starting / Stopping the
Engine
To adjust the master control lever from
run F to cold start l, press and hold
down the throttle trigger lockout and
throttle trigger simultaneously – set
master control lever.
Positions of the master control lever
To set the master control lever to warm
start n, first set it to cold start l, then
push the master control lever into the
warm start n position.
STOP
Switching to the warm start n position
is only possible from the cold start l
position.
0
Chain brake maintenance
Simultaneously pressing the throttle
trigger lockout and blipping the throttle
trigger causes the master control lever
to jump from the warm start n position
to run F.
Full-time usage:
Part-time usage:
Occasional usage:
28
every 3
months
every 6
months
every 12
months
001BA140 KN
The chain brake is subject to normal
wear. It is necessary to have it serviced
and maintained regularly by trained
personnel. STIHL recommends that you
have servicing and repair work carried
out exclusively by an authorized STIHL
servicing dealer. Maintain the following
servicing intervals:
To switch off the engine, set the master
control lever to Stop 0.
Position cold start l
–
If the engine is cold
–
If the engine stalls during opening of
throttle after starting
Warm start n – this position is for
starting the warm engine – the master
control lever returns to run when the
throttle trigger is squeezed
–
If the fuel tank has run empty
(engine stalled out)
Cold start l – this position is for
starting the cold engine
–
If engine is warm (once the engine
has been running for approx. one
minute)
–
When the engine has fired for the
first time
–
After ventilation of the combustion
chamber, if the engine was flooded
Stop 0 – engine off – ignition is switched
off
Run F – Engine running or can start
Position warm start n
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
Between the knees or thighs
Holding the chain saw
Starting
There are two ways to hold the chain
saw during starting.
Standard versions
N
Place the chain saw securely on the
ground and assume a steady
stance – the saw chain must not
touch any objects and also must not
touch the ground
N
With the left hand on handlebar,
press the chain saw firmly against
the ground – thumb wrapped
around the handlebar
N
Place your right foot into the rear
handle
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
N
Clamp the rear handle between the
knees or thighs
N
Grip the handlebar firmly with the
left hand – thumb wrapped around
the handlebar
207BA022 KN
207BA020 KN
207BA021 KN
On the ground
N
With the right hand, pull the starter
grip slowly until you feel it engage –
and then give it a brisk strong pull –
simultaneously press down on the
handlebar – do not pull the starter
rope out all the way – risk of
breakage! Do not let the starter grip
snap back – guide it vertically back
into the housing so that the starter
rope can rewind properly
With a new engine or after a long period
of disuse, it may be necessary to pull the
starter rope several times – to prime the
fuel line.
29
English
When the engine has turned over for the
first time
For all versions
The ErgoStart stores the energy for
starting the chain saw. For this reason, a
few seconds may pass between the
pulling of the starter rope and the
starting of the engine.
N
With the right hand, pull the starter
grip slowly and smoothly –
simultaneously press down on the
handlebar – do not pull the starter
rope out all the way – risk of
breakage!
N
207BA023 KN
N
2
Starting the chain saw
WARNING
3
1
Do not let the starter grip snap back
– guide it vertically back into the
housing so that the starter rope can
rewind properly
There must not be anyone within the
swivel range of the chain saw.
0
0
207BA025 KN
N
STOP
N
Push the hand guard (1) forwards –
the saw chain is blocked
N
Simultaneously press and hold
down the throttle trigger lockout (2)
and throttle trigger – set master
control lever
Observe safety precautions
Move master control lever (3) to
warm start n and continue
cranking
Once the engine is running
STOP
0
3
4
Position cold start l
–
If engine is cold (even if the engine
has stalled during opening of
throttle after starting)
Position warm start n
–
N
30
If engine is warm (once the engine
has been running for approx. one
minute)
Hold and start the chain saw
2
N
207BA024 KN
Versions with ErgoStart
Press the throttle trigger lockout (2)
and blip the throttle trigger (4); the
master control lever (3) jumps to
run F and the engine begins to idle
NOTICE
The engine must be switched to idle
immediately – otherwise, damage to the
engine housing and chain brake may
occur when the chain brake is locked.
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
Move the master control lever to the
stop position 0
N
Remove the spark plug - see "Spark
plug"
N
Dry the spark plug
N
Pull the hand guard toward the
handlebar
Crank the engine several times with
the starter – to clear the combustion
chamber
N
The chain brake is released - the chain
saw is ready for use.
Replace the spark plug – see "Spark
plug"
N
Set the master control lever to warm
start n – even if the engine is cold
N
Restart the engine
207BA019 KN
N
N
NOTICE
Open the throttle only when the chain
brake is off. Increased engine speeds
with the chain brake on (saw chain is
stationary) will quickly damage the
clutch and chain brake.
At very low temperatures
N
Let the engine warm up briefly with
the throttle slightly open
Switching off the engine
N
Move the master control lever to the
stop position 0
If the engine does not start
The master control lever was not
returned from the position cold start l
to warm start n in time, the engine may
be flooded.
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
Operating Instructions
During the break-in period
A factory new machine should not be run
at high revs (full throttle off load) for the
first three tank fillings. This avoids
unnecessarily high loads during the
break-in period. As all moving parts
have to bed in during the break-in
period, the frictional resistances in the
shortblock are greater during this period.
The engine develops its maximum
power after about 5 to 15 tank fillings.
During work
NOTICE
Do not make the mixture leaner to
achieve an apparent increase in power –
this could damage the engine – see
"Adjusting the Carburetor".
NOTICE
Open the throttle only when the chain
brake is off. Running the engine at high
revs with the chain brake engaged
(chain locked) will quickly damage the
shortblock and chain drive (clutch, chain
brake).
Check chain tension frequently
A new saw chain must be retensioned
more frequently than one that has been
in use already for an extended period.
31
English
Tension is correct when the chain fits
snugly against the underside of the bar
but can still be pulled along the bar by
hand. Retension if necessary – see
"Tensioning the Saw Chain".
Chain at operating temperature
The chain stretches and begins to sag.
The drive links must not come out of the
bar groove on the underside of the bar –
the chain may otherwise jump off the
bar. Retension the chain – see
"Tensioning the Saw Chain".
NOTICE
NOTICE
Taking Care of the Guide Bar
Always slacken off the chain again after
finishing work. The chain contracts as it
cools down. If it is not slackened off, it
can damage the crankshaft and
bearings.
2
Short-term storage
Wait for engine to cool down. Keep the
machine with a full tank of fuel in a dry
place, well away from sources of
ignition, until you need it again.
Long-term storage
See "Storing the machine"
The chain contracts as it cools down. If it
is not slackened off, it can damage the
crankshaft and bearings.
After a long period of full-throttle
operation
After a long period of full-throttle
operation, allow engine to run for a while
at idle speed so that the heat in the
engine can be dissipated by flow of
cooling air. This protects enginemounted components (ignition,
carburetor) from thermal overload.
After finishing work
N
32
Slacken off the chain if you have
retensioned it at operating
temperature during work.
1
3
143BA026 KN
Chain cold
N
Flip the bar – after each sharpening
and each time the chain is changed
– to avoid uneven wear, especially
at the sprocket nose and on the
bottom
N
Periodically clean the oil inlet
hole (1), oil outlet channel (2) and
bar groove (3)
N
Measure groove depth – using the
measuring tool on the file gauge
(special accessory) – in the area
with the greatest wear
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
Chain type Chain pitch
Picco
Rapid
Picco
Rapid
Rapid
Minimum
groove depth
1/4“ P
4.0 mm
1/4“
4.0 mm
3/8“ P
5.0 mm
3/8“; 0.325“ 6.0 mm
0.404“
7.0 mm
Shroud
Cleaning the Air Filter
Removing the shroud
If there is a noticeable loss of engine
power
N
Simultaneously press the throttle
trigger lockout and throttle trigger
and set the Master Control lever to
cold start l
N
Clean away loose dirt from around
the filter
N
Remove the shroud – see "Shroud"
If the groove is not at least this deep:
N
Replace guide bar
207BA039 KN
Otherwise the drive links will grind
against the base of the groove – the
bottoms of the cutters and the tie straps
will not lie against the bar.
N
Use a suitable tool to open the catch
by turning it 90° to the left
N
Lift off the shroud
MS 170, MS 180
207BA037 KN
Refitting the shroud
Install parts in reverse order.
207BA028 KN
MS 170 2-MIX, 180 2-MIX
N
Pull the filter upwards to remove
N
Knock out the filter or blow it clear
with compressed air from the inside
outwards - do not wash
Do not clean fleece filters with a brush!
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
33
English
If the filter cannot be cleaned or is
damaged, replace the filter
N
N
Adjusting the Carburetor
Reinstall air filter
Basic information
Turn the idle speed adjusting
screw (LD) slowly clockwise until
the saw chain begins to rotate –
then back off 1/2 turn
Saw chain rotates at idle speed:
The carburetor has been factoryadjusted to provide the engine with a
optimal fuel-air mixture in all operating
states.
N
Turn the idle speed adjusting
screw (LD) slowly counterclockwise
until the saw chain stops rotating –
then turn an additional 1/2 turn in
the same direction
207BA029 KN
WARNING
If the saw chain continues to keep
rotating in idle even after adjustment,
have the chain saw checked by a
servicing dealer.
Standard setting
N
Check the air filter - replace if
necessary
N
Carefully screw the idle speed
screw (LD) down counterclockwise
(left-hand thread) until it is firmly
seated, then 2 turns clockwise
(standard setting LD = 2)
Setting the idle speed
N
Start and warm up the engine
N
Using the idle speed screw (LD), set
the idle speed correctly: The saw
chain must not rotate
Engine speed too low when idling:
34
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
Spark Plug
N
Fit a new spark plug after about 100
operating hours – or sooner if the
electrodes are badly eroded. Install
only suppressed spark plugs of the
type approved by STIHL – see
"Specifications".
Pull off the spark plug boot
N
Unscrew spark plug
WARNING
If the spark plug comes with a
detachable adapter nut (1), screw the
adapter onto the thread and tighten it
down firmly to reduce the risk of arcing
and fire.
Simultaneously press the throttle
trigger lockout and throttle trigger
and set the Master Control lever to
cold start l
Installing the spark plug
Remove the shroud – see "Shroud"
MS 170, MS 180
207BA036 KN
A
MS 170 2-MIX, 180 2-MIX
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
N
Clean dirty spark plug.
N
Check electrode gap (A) and
readjust if necessary – see
"Specifications".
N
Rectify the problems which have
caused fouling of the spark plug.
000BA039 KN
N
N
Checking the spark plug
Removing the spark plug
N
1
000BA045 KN
If the engine is down on power,
difficult to start or runs poorly at idle
speed, first check the spark plug.
207BA030 KN
N
N
Install the spark plug and connect
the spark plug boot (press it down
firmly) – reassembly all other parts
in the reverse sequence.
Possible causes are:
–
Too much oil in fuel mix.
–
Dirty air filter.
–
Unfavorable running conditions.
35
English
To help prolong the wear life of the
starter rope, observe the following
points:
N
Pull the starter rope only in the
direction specified.
N
Do not pull the rope over the edge of
the guide bushing.
N
Do not pull out the rope more than
specified.
N
Do not allow the starter grip to snap
back, guide it back into the housing
slowly – see chapter on "Starting /
Stopping the Engine."
Have a damaged starter rope replaced
by your dealer before it breaks
completely. STIHL recommends that
you have servicing and repair work
carried out exclusively by an authorized
STIHL servicing dealer.
Storing the Machine
For periods of 3 months or longer
N
N
N
Drain and clean the fuel tank in a
well ventilated area.
Remove chain sprocket cover, saw
chain and guide bar.
N
Dispose of fuel properly in
accordance with local
environmental requirements.
Release chain brake – pull hand
guard against the front handle
Fit new chain sprocket
N
Run the engine until the carburetor
is dry – this helps prevent the
carburetor diaphragms sticking
together.
N
Remove the saw chain and guide
bar, clean them and spray with
corrosion inhibiting oil.
N
Thoroughly clean the machine – pay
special attention to the cylinder fins
and air filter.
N
If you use a biological chain and bar
lubricant, e.g. STIHL BioPlus,
completely fill the chain oil tank.
N
Checking and Replacing the
Chain Sprocket
Store the machine in a dry, high or
locked location, out of the reach of
children and other unauthorized
persons.
143BA042 KN
Rewind Starter
–
after use of two saw chains or
earlier
–
if the wear marks (arrows) are
deeper than 0.5 mm – otherwise the
service life of the saw chain is
reduced – use check gauge (special
accessory) to test
Using two saw chains in alternation
helps preserve the chain sprocket
STIHL recommends use of original
STIHL chain sprockets in order to
ensure optimal functioning of the chain
brake.
36
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
N
Use a screwdriver to remove the Eclip
N
Remove washer
N
Remove the chain sprocket
together with the needle cage from
the crankshaft
Install chain sprocket
N
Clean crankshaft stub and needle
cage and lubricate with STIHL
lubricant (special accessory)
N
Slide needle cage onto the
crankshaft stub
N
After refitting, turn the chain
sprocket approx. 1 full turn so that
the carrier for the oil pump drive
engages
N
Refit washer and E-clip on the
crankshaft
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
Chain pitch
Sawing effortlessly with a properly
sharpened saw chain
a
A properly sharpened saw chain cuts
through wood effortlessly even with very
little pushing.
Never use a dull or damaged saw chain
– this leads to increased physical strain,
increased vibration load, unsatisfactory
cutting results and increased wear.
N
Clean the saw chain
N
Check the saw chain for cracks and
damaged rivets
N
Replace damaged or worn chain
components and adapt these parts
to the remaining parts in terms of
shape and level of wear – rework
accordingly
Carbide-tipped (Duro) saw chains are
especially wear-resistant. For an optimal
sharpening result, STIHL recommends
STIHL servicing dealers.
WARNING
689BA027 KN
001BA086 KN
Maintaining and Sharpening
the Saw Chain
The chain pitch marking (a) is embossed
in the area of the depth gauge of each
cutter.
Marking (a)
7
1 or 1/4
6, P or PM
2 or 325
3 or 3/8
4 or 404
Chain pitch
Inches mm
1/4 P
6.35
1/4
6.35
3/8 P
9.32
0.325
8.25
3/8
9.32
0.404
10.26
The diameter of file to be used depends
on the chain pitch – see table
"Sharpening tools".
The angles of the cutter must be
maintained during resharpening.
Compliance with the angles and
dimensions listed below is absolutely
necessary. An improperly sharpened
saw chain – especially depth gauges
that are too low – can lead to increased
kickback tendency of the chain saw –
risk of injury!
37
English
File holder
Proper sharpening
N
Select sharpening tools in
accordance with chain pitch
N
Clamp guide bar if necessary
N
689BA025 KN
Block saw chain – push the hand
guard forward
N
Always use a file holder (special
accessory, see table "Sharpening tools")
when sharpening saw chains by hand.
File holders have markings for the
sharpening angle.
To advance the saw chain, pull the
hand guard toward the handlebar:
The chain brake is disengaged.
With the Quickstop Super chain
brake system, additionally press the
throttle trigger lockout
N
Sharpen frequently, removing little
material – two or three strokes of the
file are usually sufficient for simple
resharpening
B
A
689BA021 KN
A
Sharpening angle
STIHL saw chains are sharpened with a
30° sharpening angle. Ripping chains,
which are sharpened with a 10°
sharpening angle, are exceptions.
Ripping chains have an X in the
designation.
B
Side plate angle
The correct side plate angle results
automatically when the specified file
holder and file diameter are used.
Use a file holder
Use only special saw chain files! Other
files are unsuitable in terms of shape
and type of cutting.
To check the angles
Tooth shapes
38
STIHL filing gauge (special accessory,
see table "Sharpening tools") – a
universal tool for checking sharpening
and side plate angles, depth gauge
setting, and tooth length, as well as
cleaning grooves and oil inlet holes.
689BA043 KN
The angles must be identical for all
cutters in the saw chain. Varying angles:
Rough, uneven running of the saw
chain, increased wear – even to the
point of saw chain breakage.
90°
001BA203 KN
Angle (°)
A
B
Micro = semi-chisel tooth, 30
75
e. g., 63 PM3, 26 RM3,
36 RM
Super = full chisel tooth,
30
60
e. g., 63 PS3, 26 RS,
36 RS3
Ripping chain, e. g.,
10
75
63 PMX, 36 RMX
N
689BA018 KN
Sharpening and side plate angles
N
Guide the file: horizontally (at a right
angle to the side surface of the
guide bar) in accordance with the
specified angle – according to the
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
N
File only from the inside outward
N
The file only sharpens on the
forward stroke – lift the file on the
backstroke
Do not file tie straps and drive links
N
Rotate the file a little periodically in
order to avoid uneven wear
N
To remove file burr, use a piece of
hardwood
N
Check angle with file gauge
All cutters must be equally long.
With varying cutter lengths, the cutter
heights also vary and cause rough
running of the saw chain and chain
breakage.
Saw chains with humped drive link (2) –
upper part of the humped drive link (2)
(with service mark) is lowered at the
same time as the depth gauge of the
cutter.
Required distance between depth
gauge and cutting edge
When cutting softwood outside of the
frost season, the distance can be
increased by up to 0.2 mm (0.008").
Chain pitch
N
N
a
Inches
1/4 P
1/4
3/8 P
0.325
3/8
0.404
Depth gauge
Distance (a)
(mm)
mm
(Inches)
(6.35) 0.45
(0.018)
(6.35) 0.65
(0.026)
(9.32) 0.65
(0.026)
(8.25) 0.65
(0.026)
(9.32) 0.65
(0.026)
(10.26) 0.80
(0.031)
WARNING
The rest of the humped drive link must
not be filed; otherwise, this could
increase the tendency of the chain saw
to kick back.
689BA051 KN
markings on the file holder – rest the
file holder on the tooth head and the
depth gauge
Lowering the depth gauges
All cutters must be filed down equal
to the length of the shortest cutter –
ideally, one should have this done
by a servicing dealer using an
electric sharpener
The depth gauge setting is lowered
when the cutter is sharpened.
N
N
Rework the depth gauge so that it is
flush with the file gauge
N
Afterwards, dress the leading edge
of the depth gauge parallel to the
service mark (see arrow) – when
doing this, be careful not to further
lower the highest point of the depth
gauge
Check the depth gauge setting after
each sharpening
Depth gauge setting
a
689BA023 KN
N
The depth gauge determines the depth
to which the cutter penetrates the wood
and thus the chip thickness.
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
Lay the appropriate file gauge (1)
for the chain pitch on the saw chain
and press it against the cutter to be
checked – if the depth gauge
protrudes past the file gauge, the
depth gauge must be reworked
689BA044 KN
2
689BA061 KN
1
39
English
WARNING
N
After sharpening, clean the saw
chain thoroughly, removing any
filings or grinding dust – lubricate
the saw chain thoroughly
N
In the event of extended periods of
disuse, store saw chains in cleaned
and oiled condition
689BA052 KN
Depth gauges that are too low increase
the kickback tendency of the chain saw.
N
Lay the file gauge on the saw chain
– the highest point of the depth
gauge must be flush with the file
gauge
Sharpening tools (special accessories)
Chain pitch
Round file ^ Round file
File holder
File gauge
Inches
(mm)
mm (Inches) Part number
Part number
Part number
1/4P
(6.35) 3.2 (1/8)
5605 771 3206
5605 750 4300
0000 893 4005
1/4
(6.35) 4.0 (5/32)
5605 772 4006
5605 750 4327
1110 893 4000
3/8 P
(9.32) 4.0 (5/32)
5605 772 4006
5605 750 4327
1110 893 4000
0.325
(8.25) 4.8 (3/16)
5605 772 4806
5605 750 4328
1110 893 4000
3/8
(9.32) 5.2 (13/64) 5605 772 5206
5605 750 4329
1110 893 4000
0.404
(10.26) 5.5 (7/32)
5605 772 5506
5605 750 4330
1106 893 4000
1) consisting of file holder with round file, taper square file and file gauge
40
Taper square file
Part number
0814 252 3356
0814 252 3356
0814 252 3356
0814 252 3356
0814 252 3356
0814 252 3356
Sharpening set1)
Part number
5605 007 1000
5605 007 1027
5605 007 1027
5605 007 1028
5605 007 1029
5605 007 1030
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
Complete machine
Throttle trigger, trigger lockout, choke lever, stop
switch, Master Control lever (depending on
version)
Chain brake
Manual fuel pump (if fitted)
Pickup body/filter in fuel tank
Visual inspection (condition, leaks)
X
Clean
Check operation
Check operation
X
X
X
X
1)
X
Have checked by servicing dealer
Check
X
Have repaired by servicing dealer1)
X
Check
X
Clean, replace filter element
X
X
X
Fuel tank
Clean
X
Chain oil tank
Clean
X
Chain lubrication
Check
X
Inspect, also check sharpness
X
X
Check chain tension
X
X
X
Sharpen
Check (wear, damage)
Guide bar
X
X
X
Replace
Chain sprocket
Air filter
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
Check
Clean
Replace
X
X
Clean and turn over
Deburr
as required
if damaged
if problem
X
X
Replace
Chain
every 12 months
monthly
weekly
after each refueling stop
after finishing work or daily
The following maintenance intervals apply to normal usage and operating conditions. If your daily
working time is longer or operating conditions are difficult (very dusty work area, resin-rich wood, tropical wood, etc.), shorten the specified intervals accordingly. If you only use your power tool
occasionally, extend the intervals accordingly.
before starting work
Maintenance and Care
X
X
X
X
X
X
41
Antivibration elements
Check
X
Clean
X
Check idle adjustment – chain must not rotate
Chain catcher
X
as required
if damaged
if problem
X
X
X
X
X
Adjust idle speed; if necessary, have saw serviced or repaired by dealer1)
X
Readjust electrode gap
X
Replace after every 100 hours of operation
Retighten2)
Check
X
X
Replace
Exhaust port
Decoke after first 139 hours of operation, then
every 150 hours of operation
Safety labels
Replace
X
X
X
1)
STIHL recommends a STIHL servicing dealer
2)
Firmly tighten down the cylinder base screws of professional saws (3.4 kW or more) after 10 to 20 hours of operation.
42
every 12 months
X
Clean
All accessible screws and nuts (not adjusting
screws)
monthly
X
Cylinder fins
Spark plug
weekly
X
Have replaced by servicing dealer1)
Air inlet on fan housing
Carburetor
after each refueling stop
after finishing work or daily
The following maintenance intervals apply to normal usage and operating conditions. If your daily
working time is longer or operating conditions are difficult (very dusty work area, resin-rich wood, tropical wood, etc.), shorten the specified intervals accordingly. If you only use your power tool
occasionally, extend the intervals accordingly.
before starting work
English
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
Minimize Wear and Avoid
Damage
Observing the instructions in this manual
helps reduce the risk of unnecessary
wear and damage to the power tool.
The power tool must be operated,
maintained and stored with the due care
and attention described in this owner's
manual.
servicing dealer. STIHL dealers are
regularly given the opportunity to attend
training courses and are supplied with
the necessary technical information.
If these maintenance operations are not
carried out as specified, the user
assumes responsibility for any damage
that may occur. Among other parts, this
includes:
–
Damage to the engine due to
neglect or deficient maintenance
(e.g. air and fuel filters), incorrect
carburetor adjustment or
inadequate cleaning of cooling air
inlets (intake ports, cylinder fins).
–
Corrosion and other consequential
damage resulting from improper
storage.
–
Damage to the machine resulting
from the use of poor quality
replacement parts.
The user is responsible for all damage
caused by non-observance of the safety
precautions, operating and maintenance
instructions in this manual. This includes
in particular:
–
Alterations or modifications to the
product not approved by STIHL.
–
Using tools or accessories which
are neither approved or suitable for
the product or are of a poor quality.
–
Using the product for purposes for
which it was not designed.
–
Using the product for sports or
competitive events.
–
Consequential damage caused by
continuing to use the product with
defective components.
Maintenance Work
Parts Subject to Wear and Tear
Some parts of the power tool are subject
to normal wear and tear even during
regular operation in accordance with
instructions and, depending on the type
and duration of use, have to be replaced
in good time. Among other parts, this
includes:
All the operations described in the
"Maintenance Chart" must be performed
on a regular basis. If these maintenance
operations cannot be performed by the
owner, they should be performed by a
servicing dealer.
–
Saw chain, guide bar
–
Drive components (clutch, clutch
drum, chain sprocket)
–
Filters (air, oil, fuel)
–
Starter mechanism
STIHL recommends that you have
servicing and repair work carried out
exclusively by an authorized STIHL
–
Spark plug
–
Components of antivibration system
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
43
English
Main Parts
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
#
12
6
13
7
4
1
2
6
3
8
5
9
10
11
7
17
16
18
19
23
20
#
22
21
44
24
14
25
207BA040 KN
15
Shroud catch
Carburetor adjusting screw
Chain brake
Muffler
Chain sprocket
Chain sprocket cover
Chain catcher
Side chain tensioner
Chain tensioner (frontal)
Guide bar
Oilomatic saw chain
Adjusting wheel (quick tensioner)
Handle
Oil filler cap
Bumper spike
Front hand guard
Front handle (handlebar)
Spark plug boot
Starter grip
Master control lever
Fuel filler cap
Throttle trigger
Throttle lever lock
Rear handle
Rear hand guard
Machine number
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
MS 180, MS 180 C
Specifications
Engine
STIHL single cylinder two-stroke engine
MS 170, MS 170 C
Displacement:
Cylinder bore:
Piston stroke:
Engine power
according to
ISO 7293:
Idle speed:1)
30.1 cm3
37 mm
28 mm
1.3 kW (1.8 HP)
at 8500 rpm
2800 rpm
MS 170 2-MIX
Displacement:
Cylinder bore:
Piston stroke:
Engine power
according to
ISO 7293:
Idle speed:1)
30.1 cm3
37 mm
28 mm
1.2 kW (1.6 HP)
at 10000 rpm
2800 rpm
MS 180 2-MIX
Displacement:
Cylinder bore:
Piston stroke:
Engine power
according to
ISO 7293:
Idle speed:1)
Displacement:
Cylinder bore:
Piston stroke:
Engine power
according to
ISO 7293:
Idle speed:1)
1)
Weight
31.8 cm3
38 mm
28 mm
1.5 kW (2.0 HP)
at 9000 rpm
2800 rpm
to ISO 11681 +/- 50 rpm
Ignition system
MS 170 2-MIX,
MS 180 2-MIX:
Electrode gap:
Bosch WSR 6 F,
NGK BPMR 7 A
NGK CMR6H
0.5 mm
Fuel system
All position diaphragm carburetor with
integral fuel pump
250 cm3 (0.25 l)
31.8 cm3
38 mm
28 mm
Fuel tank capacity:
1.4 kW (1.9 HP)
at 10000 rpm
2800 rpm
Fully automatic, speed-controlled oil
pump with rotary piston
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
Chain lubrication
Oil tank capacity:
3.9 kg
4.2 kg
4.1 kg
3.9 kg
4.2 kg
4.1 kg
Bar and chain MS 170, MS 170 C
Electronic magneto ignition
Spark plug
(suppressed):
MS 170, MS 180:
Dry, without cutting attachment
MS 170:
MS 170 C with ErgoStart:
MS 170 2-MIX:
MS 180:
MS 180 C with quick tensioner
and ErgoStart:
MS 180 2-MIX:
145 cm3 (0.145 l)
The actual cutting length can be less
than the specified cutting length.
Rollomatic guide bars
Cutting length (3/8"
pitch):
Groove width:
30, 35, 40 cm
1.1 mm
Saw chain 3/8" Picco
Picco Micro Mini 3 (61 PMM3)
Type 3610
Pitch:
3/8"P (9.32 mm)
Drive link gauge:
1.1 mm
Chain sprockets
6-tooth for 3/8" P
Max. chain speed to ISO 11681:
MS 170, MS 170 C:
21.1 m/s
MS 170 2-MIX:
24.8 m/s
The average chain speed during
operation is normally approx. 20% less
than the maximum chain speed to
ISO 11681. Contact the STIHL dealer
when selecting the personal protective
equipment.
45
English
Bar and chain MS 180, MS 180 C
Sound and vibration levels
REACH
The actual cutting length can be less
than the specified cutting length.
For further details concerning
compliance with the Physical Agents
Directive Vibration 2002/44/EC, see
www.stihl.com/vib
REACH is an EC regulation and stands
for the Registration, Evaluation,
Authorisation and Restriction of
Chemical substances.
Sound pressure level Lpeq to ISO 22868
For information on compliance with the
REACH regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006
see www.stihl.com/reach.
Rollomatic guide bars
Cutting length (3/8"
pitch):
Groove width:
Groove width:
30, 35, 40 cm
1.1 mm
1.3 mm
Saw chains 3/8"Picco
Picco Micro Mini 3 (61 PMM3)
Type 3610
Pitch:
3/8"P (9.32 mm)
Drive link gauge:
1.1 mm
Picco Micro 3 (63 PM3) Type 3636
Picco Duro (63 PD3) Type 3612
Pitch:
3/8"P (9.32 mm)
Drive link gauge:
1.3 mm
Chain sprocket
6-tooth for 3/8" P
Max. chain speed to
ISO 11681:
MS 180, MS 180 C:
MS 180 2-MIX:
98 dB(A)
98 dB(A)
100 dB(A)
98 dB(A)
98 dB(A)
100 dB(A)
Sound power level Lw to ISO 22868
MS 170:
MS 170 C:
MS 170 2-MIX:
MS 180:
MS 180 C:
MS 180 2-MIX:
109 dB(A)
109 dB(A)
111 dB(A)
110 dB(A)
110 dB(A)
112 dB(A)
Vibration level ahv,eq to ISO 22867
22.3 m/s
24.8 m/s
The average chain speed during
operation is normally approx. 20% less
than the maximum chain speed to
ISO 11681. Contact the STIHL dealer
when selecting the personal protective
equipment.
46
MS 170:
MS 170 C:
MS 170 2-MIX:
MS 180:
MS 180 C:
MS 180 2-MIX:
Handle,
Handle, left right
5.9 m/s2
MS 170:
4.2 m/s2
2
MS 170 C:
4.2 m/s
5.9 m/s2
MS 170 2-MIX: 5.2 m/s2
5.5 m/s2
2
MS 180:
6.6 m/s
7.8 m/s2
2
MS 180 C:
7.6 m/s
7.4 m/s2
2
MS 180 2-MIX 6.6 m/s
7.8 m/s2
The K-factor in accordance with
Directive 2006/42/EC is 2.5 dB(A) for
the sound pressure level and sound
power level; the K-factor in accordance
with Directive 2006/42/EC is 2.0 m/s2
for the vibration measurement.
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
English
Maintenance and Repairs
Please enter your saw model, serial
number as well as the part numbers of
the guide bar and saw chain in the
spaces provided. This will make reordering simpler.
Users of this machine may only carry out
the maintenance and service work
described in this user manual. All other
repairs must be carried out by a
servicing dealer.
The guide bar and saw chain are subject
to normal wear and tear. When
purchasing these parts, always quote
the saw model, the part numbers and
names of the parts.
STIHL recommends that you have
servicing and repair work carried out
exclusively by an authorized STIHL
servicing dealer. STIHL dealers are
regularly given the opportunity to attend
training courses and are supplied with
the necessary technical information.
Model
Serial number
Guide bar part number
Chain part number
When repairing the machine, only use
replacement parts which have been
approved by STIHL for this power tool or
are technically identical. Only use highquality replacement parts in order to
avoid the risk of accidents and damage
to the machine.
Disposal
Observe all country-specific waste
disposal rules and regulations.
000BA073 KN
Ordering Spare Parts
STIHL products must not be thrown in
the garbage can. Take the product,
accessories and packaging to an
approved disposal site for environmentfriendly recycling.
Contact your STIHL servicing dealer for
the latest information on waste disposal.
STIHL recommends the use of original
STIHL replacement parts.
Original STIHL parts can be identified by
the STIHL part number, the {
logo and the STIHL parts symbol K
(the symbol may appear alone on small
parts).
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
47
English
EC Declaration of Conformity
ANDREAS STIHL AG & Co. KG
Badstr. 115
D-71336 Waiblingen
hereby confirms that
Model:
Make:
Type:
Serial identification
number:
Displacement
all MS 170:
all MS 180:
Chain saw
STIHL
MS 170
MS 180
MS 180 C
1130
30,1 cm3
31,8 cm3
conform to the specifications of
Directives 2006/42/EC, 2004/108/EC
and 2000/14/EC and have been
developed and built in compliance with
the following standards being in effect at
the date of manufacture:
EN ISO 11681-1, EN 55012,
EN 61000-6-1
The measured and guaranteed
equivalent sound power level has been
determined in accordance with Directive
2000/14/EC, Annex V, and standard
ISO 9207.
Measured sound power level
all MS 170:
all MS 170 2-MIX:
all MS 180:
all MS 180 2-MIX:
48
109 dB(A)
111 dB(A)
110 dB(A)
112 dB(A)
Guaranteed sound power level
all MS 170:
all MS 170 2-MIX:
all MS 180:
all MS 180 2-MIX:
111 dB(A)
113 dB(A)
112 dB(A)
114 dB(A)
The EC type approval test was carried
out at the
DPLF
Deutsche Prüf- und Zertifizierungsstelle
für Land- und Forsttechnik (NB 0363)
Spremberger Straße 1
D-64823 Groß-Umstadt
Certification No.:
all MS 170:
all MS 180:
K-EG-2009/3408
K-EG-2009/3409
The technical documentation has been
retained by:
ANDREAS STIHL AG & Co. KG
Product approval
The year of construction and the serial
number are shown on the machine.
Waiblingen, 20.08.2014
ANDREAS STIHL AG & Co. KG
p p.
Thomas Elsner
Head of Product Group Management
MS 170, MS 170 C, MS 180, MS 180 C
0458-206-0121-B
englisch
G
www.stihl.com
*04582060121B*
0458-206-0121-B