Operators manual
optris® PI
160/ 200/ 230/ 400/ 450/ 450 G7/ 640/ 640 G7/ 1M/ 05 M
Infrared camera
Optris GmbH
Ferdinand-Buisson-Str. 14
13127 Berlin
Germany
Tel.: +49 30 500 197-0
Fax: +49 30 500 197-10
E-mail: info@optris.de
Internet: www.optris.de
-Table of contents
3-
Table of contents
Table of contents .............................................................................................................................................. 3
1
General Notes ........................................................................................................................................... 7
1.1
Intended use ....................................................................................................................................... 7
1.2
Warranty ............................................................................................................................................. 8
1.3
Scope of delivery ................................................................................................................................ 9
1.4
Maintenance ....................................................................................................................................... 9
1.4.1
1.5
2
Cleaning ...................................................................................................................................... 9
Model overview .................................................................................................................................10
Technical Data ........................................................................................................................................11
2.1
General specifications ......................................................................................................................11
2.2
Electrical specifications .....................................................................................................................15
-4
3
4
2.3
Measurement specifications .............................................................................................................16
2.4
Optical specifications ........................................................................................................................20
Mechanical Installation ..........................................................................................................................29
3.1
Dimensions .......................................................................................................................................29
3.2
Changing the lens .............................................................................................................................36
3.3
Fixing the focus of the lens (only for PI 1M and PI 05M) ..................................................................37
3.4
Mounting accessories (optional) .......................................................................................................39
3.5
High temperature accessories ..........................................................................................................40
3.5.1
CoolingJacket ...........................................................................................................................40
3.5.2
CoolingJacket Advanced ..........................................................................................................42
3.5.3
Outdoor protective housing .......................................................................................................46
Electrical Installation ..............................................................................................................................47
4.1
Process interface ..............................................................................................................................48
-Table of contents
5
5-
4.1.1
PIN allocation ............................................................................................................................50
4.1.2
Industrial Process Interface (optional) ......................................................................................52
4.2
Example for a Fail-Safe monitoring of the PI with a PLC .................................................................55
4.3
USB cable extension ........................................................................................................................57
Software PI Connect ...............................................................................................................................59
5.1
Installation and initial start-up ...........................................................................................................60
5.2
Software window ...............................................................................................................................63
5.2.1
Basis features of the software PI Connect ...............................................................................65
6
Basics of Infrared Thermometry ...........................................................................................................68
7
Emissivity ................................................................................................................................................74
7.1
Definition ...........................................................................................................................................74
7.2
Determination of unknown emissivity ...............................................................................................76
7.3
Characteristic emissivity ...................................................................................................................78
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-
Appendix A – Table of emissivity for metals ...............................................................................................79
Appendix B – Table of emissivity for non-metals .......................................................................................81
Appendix C – Quick start for serial communication ...................................................................................82
Appendix D – Interprocess Communication (IPC) ......................................................................................84
Appendix E – PI Connect Resource Translator ...........................................................................................85
Appendix F – Wiring diagrams PIF ...............................................................................................................86
Appendix G – Declaration of Conformity .....................................................................................................90
-General Notes
7-
1 General Notes
1.1
Intended use
®
Thank you for choosing the optris PI infrared camera.
The optris PI calculates the surface temperature based on the emitted infrared energy of objects
[►6 Basics of Infrared Thermometry]. The two-dimensional detector (FPA - focal plane array) allows a
measurement of an area and will be shown as thermal image using standardized palettes. The radiometric
processing of the picture data enables the user to do a comfortable detailed analysis with the software PI
Connect.
The PI is a precise instrument and contains an extremely sensitive infrared detector and a highquality lens.
The alignment of the camera to intensive energy sources (e.g. devices which emit laser
radiation or reflections of such equipment) can cause an irreparable defect of the infrared
detector. This is also valid if the camera is switched off.
Such kinds of damages are excluded from warranty.
Read the manual carefully before the initial start-up. The producer reserves the right to change
the herein described specifications in case of technical advance of the product.
-8



Avoid abrupt changes of the ambient temperature.
Avoid static electricity, arc welders, and induction heaters. Keep away from very strong EMF
(electromagnetic fields).
In case of problems or questions which may arise when you use the infrared camera, please
contact our service department.
► All accessories can be ordered according to the referred part numbers in brackets [ ].
1.2
Warranty
Each single product passes through a quality process. Nevertheless, if failures occur contact the customer
service at once. The warranty period covers 24 months starting on the delivery date. After the warranty is
expired the manufacturer guarantees additional 6 months warranty for all repaired or substituted product
components. Warranty does not apply to damages, which result from misuse or neglect. The warranty also
expires if you open the product. The manufacturer is not liable for consequential damage or in case of a nonintended use of the product.
If a failure occurs during the warranty period the product will be replaced, calibrated or repaired without
further charges. The freight costs will be paid by the sender. The manufacturer reserves the right to
exchange components of the product instead of repairing it. If the failure results from misuse or neglect the
user has to pay for the repair. In that case you may ask for a cost estimate beforehand.
-General Notes
1.3
Scope of delivery
 PI 160, PI 200, PI 230, PI 400, PI 450, PI 450 G7, PI 640, PI 640 G7, PI 1M or PI 05M incl. 1 lens
 USB-cable: 1 m (standard scope of supply, no IP67 protection class)
1 m, 3 m, 5 m, 10 m, 20 m (optional, for industrial applications, with IP67)
 Table tripod
 Process interface cable incl. terminal block (1 m)
 Software package PI Connect
 Operators manual
 Aluminum case
 PI 450/ 450 G7/ 640/ 640 G7 only: robust hard transport case (IP67)
 PI 200/ 230 only: focusing tool for VIS camera
1.4
Maintenance
Never use cleaning compounds which contain solvents (neither for the lens nor for the housing).
1.4.1
Cleaning
Blow off loose particles using clean compressed air. The lens surface can be cleaned with a soft, humid
tissue moistened with water or a water based glass cleaner.
9-
-10
1.5
-
Model overview
The cameras of the PI-series are available in the following basic versions:
Modell
Model code
Temperature range
Spectral range
Frame rate
Typical applications
PI 160
IR
-20 to 900 °C
200 to 1500 °C (optional)
7.5 - 13 µm
120 Hz
Surface measurements in industrial application
PI 200/ PI 230
BI-SPECTRAL
-20 to 900 °C
200 to 1500 °C (optional)
7.5 - 13 µm
128 Hz
Synchronous recording of VIS and IR videos and
images
PI 400/ PI 450
IR
-20 to 900 °C
200 to 1500 °C
(optional for PI 400)
7.5 - 13 µm
80 Hz
Real-time thermographic images in high speed;
Detection of smallest temperature differences
(PI450)
PI 450 G7
IR
200 to 1500 °C
7.9 µm
80 Hz/ 27 Hz
Measurement of glass (with Line-Scanning mode)
PI 640
IR
-20 to 900 °C
7.5 - 13 µm
32 Hz
Pin-sharp radiometric recordings in real time
PI 640 G7
IR
200 to 1500 °C
7.9 µm
32 Hz
Measurement of glass (with Line-Scanning mode)
PI 1M
IR
450 to 1800 °C
0.85 - 1.1 µm
Up to 1 kHz
Measurement of metallic surfaces, graphite or
ceramics with short wavelengths
PI 05M
IR
900 bis 2000 °C
500 – 540 nm
Up to 1 kHz
Measurement of metallic surfaces, graphite or
ceramics with short wavelengths
Table 1: Model overview
-Technical Data
11-
2 Technical Data
2.1
General specifications
Environmental rating:
IP67 (NEMA-4)
Ambient temperature:
0...50 °C [PI 160/ PI 2xx/ PI 400/ PI 640/ PI 640 G7]
5…50 °C [PI 1M/ PI 05M]
0...70 °C [PI 450/ PI 450 G7]
Storage temperature:
-40...70 °C (-40...85 °C [PI 450/ PI 450 G7])
Relative humidity:
10...95 %, non-condensing
Material (housing):
Aluminum, anodized
Dimensions:
PI 160/ PI 200/ PI 230: 45 x 45 x 62 - 65 mm (depending on lens)
PI 400/ 450 (450 G7)/ 640 (640 G7)/1M/ 05M: 46 x 56 x 86 - 90 mm (depending on lens)
Weight:
PI 160: 195 g
PI 200/ 230: 215 g
PI 400/ PI 450 (450 G7)/ PI 640 (640 G7)/PI 1M/ 05M: 320 g
Cable length (USB 2.0):
1 m (standard), 3 m, 5 m, 10 m, 20 m
Vibration1):
IEC 60068-2-6 (sinus shaped)
-12
IEC 60068-2-64 (broadband noise)
Shock1):
1)
IEC 60068-2-27 (25 g and 50 g)
Used standards for vibration and shock:
Figure 1: Used standards
Stress program (camera in operation):
Shock, half sinus 25 g – testing Ea 25 g (acc. IEC 60068-2-27)
Acceleration
245 m/s2
Pulse duration
11 ms
(25 g)
-Technical Data
13-
Number of directions
6
(3 axes with 2 directions each)
Duration
600 Shocks
(100 Shocks each direction)
Shock, half sinus 50 g – testing Ea 50 g (acc. IEC 60068-2-27)
Acceleration
490 m/s2
(50 g)
Pulse duration
11 ms
Number of directions
6
(3 axes with two directions each)
Duration
18 Shocks
(3 Shocks each direction)
Vibration, sinus shaped – testing Fc (acc. IEC60068-2-6)
Frequency range
10 - 500 Hz
Acceleration
29.42 m/s2
Frequency change
1 Octave/ min
Number of axes
3
Duration
1:30 h
(3 g)
(3 x 0.30 h)
-14
-
Vibration, broadband noise – testing Fh (acc. IEC60068-2-64)
Frequency range
10 - 2000 Hz
Acceleration
39.3 m/s2
(4.01 gRMS))
Frequency spectrum
10 - 106 Hz
0.9610 (m/s2)2/Hz
106 - 150 Hz
+6 dB/ Octave
150 - 500 Hz
1.9230 (m/s2)2/Hz
500 - 2000 Hz
-6 dB/ Octave
2000 Hz
0.1245 (m/s2)2/Hz
Number of axes
3
Duration
3h
(3 x 1 h)
(0.010 g2/Hz)
(0.020 g2/Hz)
(0.00126 g2/Hz)
-Technical Data
2.2
15-
Electrical specifications
Power Supply:
5 VDC (powered via USB 2.0 interface)
Current draw:
Max 500 mA
AO: Output Process Interface (PIF out)
0 - 10 V (Main measure area, measure area, internal temperature, flag status, alarm, frame sync, fail-safe, external
communication)
[►Appendix F – Wiring diagrams PIF]
AI: Input Process Interface (PIF in)
0 - 10 V (Emissivity, ambient temperature, reference temperature, flag control, triggered recording, triggered
snapshots, triggered line-scanner, uncommitted value)
[►Appendix F – Wiring diagrams PIF]
DI: Digital Input Process Interface
Flag control, triggered recording, triggered snapshots, triggered line-scanner
[►Appendix F – Wiring diagrams PIF]
Digital interface:
USB 2.0
-16
2.3
-
Measurement specifications
PI 160
Temperature ranges
PI 2001)
-20...100 °C; 0...250 °C; (20) 150...900 °C4); Option: 200…1500 °C5)
Spectral range
Detector
7.5 - 13 µm
UFPA,
160 x 120 pixel @ 120 Hz
Lenses (FOV)
Optics (FOV) – visual camera
System accuracy2)
Temperature resolution (NETD):
Warm-up time
1)
PI 2301)
UFPA,
160 x 120 pixel @ 128 Hz3)
640 x 480 pixel (visual camera)
6° x 5° (F=1,6); 23° x 17° (F=0,8); 41° x 31° (F=1); 72° x 52° (F=1)
-
54° x 40°
30° x 23°
±2°C or ±2 %
0.08 K with 23°; 0,3 K with 6°; 0.1 K with 41° and 72°
10 min
Emissivity
0.100...1.100
Software
PIConnect
For an ideal combination of IR and VIS image we recommend the 41° lens for PI200 and the 23° lens for PI230
At ambient temperature 235 °C; whichever is greater
3)
The following options can be set: Option 1 (IR with 96 Hz at 160 x 120 px; VIS with 32 Hz at 640 x 480 px);
Option 2 (IR with 128 Hz at 160 x 120 px; VIS with 32 Hz at 596 x 447 px)
4)
Accuracy statement effective from 150 °C
5)
Not available for 72° lenses
2)
-Technical Data
17PI 400
Temperature ranges
PI 450
-20...100 °C; 0...250 °C; (20) 150...900 °C3); Option: 200…1500 °C4)
Spectral range
7.5 - 13 µm
Detector
7.9 µm
13° x 10° (F=1), 29° x 22° (F=0,8), 53° x 40° (F=0,8); 80° x 56° (F=0,8)
-
10° x 8° (F=1,1)
System accuracy2)
Temperature resolution (NETD):
0.08 with 29°, 38°, 53°, 62° and
80°; 0.1 K1) with 13°
K1)
0.04 with 29°, 38°, 53°, 62° and
80°; 0.06 K1) with 13°
10 min
Emissivity
0.100...1.100
Software
PI Connect
Value is valid at 40 Hz and 25°C room temperature
At ambient temperature 235 °C; whichever is greater
3)
Accuracy statement effective from 150 °C
4)
Not available for 80° lenses
2)
-
±2°C or ±2 %
K1)
Warm-up time
1)
200…1500 °C
UFPA,
382 x 288 pixel @ 80 Hz (switchable to 27 Hz)
Lenses (FOV)
Microscope lens (FOV)
PI 450 G7
130 mK (Tobj = 650 °C)
-18
PI 640
Temperature ranges
-20...100 °C; 0...250 °C; (20) 150...900 °C4)
Option: 200…1500 °C5)
200…1500 °C
Spectral range
7.5 - 13 µm
7,9 µm
Detector
Lenses (FOV)
Microscope lens (FOV)
UFPA,
640 x 480 Pixel @ 32 Hz
640 x 120 Pixel @ 125Hz
15° x 11° (F=1); 33° x 25° (F=0,8); 60° x 45° (F=0,8); 90° x 64° (F=0,8)
12° x 9° (F=1,1)
System accuracy
Temperature resolution (NETD):
Warm-up time
1)
PI 640 G7
±2°C or ±2 %2)
0.075 K1) with 33°
130 mK (Tobj = 650 °C)
10 min
Emissivity
0.100...1.100
Software
PI Connect
Value is valid at 32 Hz and 25°C room temperature
At ambient temperature 235 °C; whichever is greater
3)
+75 °C start temperature for optics with focal length f= 50 mm, f= 75 mm
4)
Accuracy statement effective from 150 °C
5)
Not available for 90° lenses
2)
-Technical Data
19PI 1M
Temperature ranges
4503)…1800 °C (27 Hz mode)
5003)…1800 °C (80 Hz and 32 Hz mode)
6003)…1800 °C (1 kHz mode)
900 … 2000 °C (27 Hz mode)
950 … 2000 °C (80 Hz and 32 Hz mode)
1100 … 2000 °C (1 kHz mode)
Spectral range
0,85 - 1,1 µm
500 - 540 nm
Detector
CMOS,
764 x 480 pixel @ 32 Hz
382 x 288 pixel @ 80 Hz/ (switchable to 27 Hz)
72x56 pixel @ 1 kHz (1 ms real-time analog output (0-10 V) from 8x8 pixel (freely selectable))
764 x 8 Pixel @ 1 kHz (fast linescanning-mode, 1 ms real-time analog output (0-10 V) from 8x8 pixel (freely selectable))
Lenses (FOV)
FOV@764x480 px: 9°x 5° (F=2,8), 13°x 8° (F=2,4),
26°x16° (F=1,4), 39°x 25° (F=1,4)
FOV@382x288 px: 4°x 3°, 7°x 5°, 13°x 10°, 20°x 15°
FOV@764x480 px: 26°x 16° (F=1,4)
FOV@382x288 px: 13°x 10°
System accuracy
±1 % of reading (object temperature <1400 °C)
±1,5 % of reading
Temperature resolution (NETD):
< 1K (700 °C)
< 2K (1000 °C)
< 2 K (1400 °C) for 27 Hz, 32 Hz, 80 Hz
< 2,5 K (1400 °C) for 1 kHz
Warm-up time
1)
10 min
Emissivity
0.100...1.100
Software
PI Connect
Value is valid at 32 Hz and 25°C room temperature
At ambient temperature 235 °C; whichever is greater
3)
+75 °C start temperature for optics with focal length f= 50 mm, f= 75 mm
2)
PI 05M
-20
2.4
-
Optical specifications
 Make sure that the focus of thermal channel is adjusted correctly. If necessary, focus the
thermal imaging camera with the optics (Figure 2). The turning out of the optics leads to the
focus setting "near" and the turning in of the lens to the focus setting "infinity".
 The visual camera (PI 200/230 only) is adjusted with the supplied focusing tool (Figure 3).
For this purpose, the focusing tool with the two pins is placed on the visual camera and is
focused to "near" by a left turn and focused to "infinity" by a right rotation.
Figure 2: PI 200/ 230 with visual camera
1
IR channel
2
VIS channel
Figure 3: Focusing tool for VIS camera
-Technical Data
21-
For the PI 1M and PI 05M camera, you must first unscrew the protective tube in order to be able
to focus the camera (Figure 4).
Figure 4: PI 1M/ PI 05M
The variety of different lenses offers the possibility to precisely measure objects in different distances. We
offer lenses for close, standard distances and large distances. Different parameters are important if using
infrared cameras. They display the connection between the distance of the measured object and the size of
the pixel (Table 2).
With the help of BI-SPECTRAL technology at PI 200/ 230, a visual image (VIS) can be combined with a
thermal image (IR). Both can be finally captured time synchronously.
-22
-
®
Figure 5: Measurement field of the infrared camera optris PI representing the 23° x 17° lens
-Technical Data
■
HFOV: Horizontal enlargement of the total measuring at object level
■
VFOV: Vertical enlargement of the total measuring at object level
■
IFOV: Size at the single pixel at object level
■
DFOV: Diagonal dimension of the total measuring field at object level
■
MFOV: Recommended, smallest measured object size of 3 x 3 pixel
23-
The following tables with examples showing what spot sizes and pixel sizes will be reached in which
distance. For individual configuration there are different lenses available. Wide angle lenses have a radial
distortion due to their large opening angle; the software PIConnect has an algorithm which corrects this
distortion. As an alternative to the tables below, the optics calculator can also be used on the optris website
(http://www.optris.com/optics-calculator).
-24
Table 2:
* Note: The accuracy of measurement can be outside of the specifications for distances below the defined minimum distance.
-
-Technical Data
* Note: The accuracy of measurement can be outside of the specifications for distances below the defined minimum distance.
25-
-26
* Note: The accuracy of measurement can be outside of the specifications for distances below the defined minimum distance.
-
-Technical Data
* Note: The accuracy of measurement can be outside of the specifications for distances below the defined minimum distance.
1)
PI 05M is only available with OF25 optics
27-
-28
* Note: The accuracy of measurement can be outside of the specifications for distances below the defined minimum distance.
1)
PI 05M is only available with OF25 optics
-
-Mechanical Installation
3 Mechanical Installation
3.1
Dimensions
The PI is equipped with two metric M4 thread holes on the bottom side (6 mm depth) and can be installed
either directly via these threads or with help of the tripod mount (also on bottom side).
The tightening torque of the M4 screws for mounting the PI camera should be between
1 ... 1.5 Nm and must not exceed 2 Nm.
29-
-30
Figure 6: PI 160, dimensions [mm]
-
-Mechanical Installation
Figure 7: PI 200/ 230, dimensions [mm]
31-
-32
Figure 8: PI 400/ PI 450/ PI 450 G7/ PI 640/ PI 640 G7, optics 29°/33° & 53°/60°, dimensions [mm]
-
-Mechanical Installation
Figure 9: PI 400/ PI 450/ PI 450 G7/ PI 640/ PI 640 G7, optics 13°/15°, dimensions [mm]
33-
-34
Figure 10: PI 450/ PI 640, microscope optics 10°/12°, dimensions [mm]
-
-Mechanical Installation
Figure 11: PI 1M/ PI 05M, dimensions [mm]
35-
-36
3.2
-
Changing the lens
The PI camera is offered with several different lenses (lenses depending on the camera variant). To change
a lens, rotate it as shown below. For the PI 1M and PI 05M, the protective tube must first be turned off (see
Figure 4).
Figure 12: Change lens for PI 160/ 2xx/ 4xx/ 640
Figure 13: Change lens for PI 1M and PI 05M
-Mechanical Installation
3.3
37-
Fixing the focus of the lens (only for PI 1M and PI 05M)
With the PI 1M and PI 05M, it is possible to fix the focus of the lens. To do this, unscrew the protective tube
of the camera (see Figure 4). There are three small holes on the lens. Take the three screws that are
included and attach them to the three holes. The focus of the lens is now fixed. Alternatively, the two knurled
screws supplied can also be used.
Figure 14: Lens for PI 1M / PI 05M
Figure 15: Fixing the focus for PI 1M / PI 05M
-38
Figure 16: Focusing screws for focus ring
-
-Mechanical Installation
3.4
Mounting accessories (optional)
Figure 17: Mounting base, stainless steel, adjustable in 2 axes [Part No.: ACPIMB]
Figure 18: Protective housing, stainless steel, Incl. Mounting base [Part No.: ACPIPH]
39-
-40
3.5
3.5.1
-
High temperature accessories
CoolingJacket


The IR camera can be used at ambient temperature up to 50 °C (up to 70 °C with
PI 450/ PI 450 G7). For higher temperatures (up to 180 °C) the CoolingJacket is provided.
For detailed information see installation manual.
-Mechanical Installation
Figure 19: CoolingJacket – Dimensions
41-
-42
-
Figure 20: CoolingJacket for PI [Part No.: ACPIxxxCJ]
3.5.2
Figure 21: CoolingJacket with mounting bracket
CoolingJacket Advanced



The CoolingJacket Advanced is available as Standard Version and Extended Version.
The IR camera can be used at ambient temperature up to 50 °C (up to 70 °C with
PI 450/ PI 450 G7). For higher temperatures (up to 315 °C) the CoolingJacket Advanced is
provided.
For detailed information see installation manual.
-Mechanical Installation
Standard Version
Figure 22: CoolingJacket Advanced [Part No.: ACPIxxxCJAS], Standard Version - Dimensions
43-
-44
-
Extended Version
The Extended Version is provided for applications of the PI series with the PI Netbox and
industrial PIF or the USB Server Gigabit and industrial PIF. Both PI Netbox and industrial PIF or
USB Server Gigabit and industrial PIF can be integrated in the CoolingJacket.
Figure 23: Cooling Jacket Advanced (Extended
Version) with PI Netbox and industrial PIF
Figure 24:Cooling Jacket Advanced (Extended Version)
with USB-Server and industrial PIF
-Mechanical Installation
Figure 25: CoolingJacket Advanced [Part No.: ACPIxxxCJAE], Extended Version – Dimensions
45-
-46
3.5.3
Outdoor protective housing




The infrared camera PI and the USB server can also be used for outdoor applications by
using the outdoor protective housing.
The outdoor protective housing can be used for any PI camera (lenses up to 90 ° FOV)
In addition, the industrial PIF can be installed as an accessory without housing
For detailed information see installation manual.
Figure 26: Outdoor protective housing for PI camera, USB server and industrial PIF
-Electrical Installation
4 Electrical Installation
At the back side of the PI there are the two connector plugs. The left plug is for the USB cable. The right
connector plug is only used for the process interface.
Figure 27: Backside of the camera with connectors
1
Plug for USB cable
2
Plug for PIF cable
47-
-48
4.1
-
Process interface
The process interface (electronics within cable as well as industrial interface) must be powered
separately (5-24 VDC). Before switching on the power the PIF cable must be connected to the
camera.
The PI is equipped with a process interface (cable with integrated electronics and terminal block), which can
be programmed via the software as an Analog Input (AI) and Digital Input (DI) in order to control the camera
or as an Analog Output (AO) in order to control the process. The signal level is always 0-10 V (DI = 24 V).
The process interface can be activated choosing the following options:
Analog Input (AI):
Emissivity, ambient temperature, reference temperature, flag control, triggered recording, triggered snapshots,
triggered line-scanner, uncommitted value
Analog Output (AO):
Main measure area, measure area, internal temperature, flag status, alarm, frame sync, fail-safe, external
communication
Digital Input (DI):
Flag control, triggered recording, triggered snapshots, triggered line-scanner
-Electrical Installation
49-
Figure 28: Configuration Standard Process Interface (PIF)
The standard process interface provides the following inputs and outputs:
1)
2)
Name
Description
max range1)/ status
AI
Analog input
0-10 V 2)
DI
Digital input
(active-low = 0…0,6 V)
24 V
AO
Analog output
Alarm output
0-10 V
0/ 10 V
Depending on supply voltage; for 0-10 V on the AO the PIF has to be powered with min. 12 V.
The AI is designed for max. 24 V, the voltage level above 10 V is not interpreted
-50
4.1.1
PIN allocation
USB
PIF
1 VCC
1 INT
2 GND
2 SDA (I²C)
3 SCL (I²C)
Figure 29: Rear side of the camera
4 D-
4 DGND
5 D+
5 3.3 V (Out)
-Electrical Installation
511)
If the process interface of the camera is directly connected to external hardware (without using the supplied
PIF cable) an activation of the field „Support proprietary PIF cable” in the menu Tools/
Configuration/ Device (PIF) in the PIConnect software is necessary.
Figure 30: Support proprietary PIF cable
Consider that the input of the PIF is not protected if there is a direct PIF connection!
A voltage > 3 V on the INT pin will destroy the device!
1)
We recommend using only a switching contact between INT and DGND as external hardware (button, relay).
-52
4.1.2
Industrial Process Interface (optional)
For use in industrial environment the industrial process interface with 500 V ACRMS isolation voltage between
PI and process is available (connection box with IP65, 5 m, 10 m or 20 m standard or high temperature cable
for camera connection, terminal for process integration). [►Appendix F – Wiring diagrams PIF]
Pin assignment PIF cable (industrial process interface)
Figure 31: Connections of the industrial Process Interface
GREY
Interrupt
GREEN
SCL (I²C)
YELLOW
SDA (I²C)
WHITE
3.3 V
BROWN
GND
SHIELD
GND
-Electrical Installation
53-
The industrial process interface provides the following inputs and outputs:
1)
Name
Description
max range1)/ status
A IN 1 / 2
Analog input 1 and 2
0-10 V 2)
D IN 1
Digital input
(active-low = 0…0,6 V)
24 V
AO1 / 2 / 3
Analog output 1, 2 and 3
Alarm output 1, 2 and 3
0-10 V
0/ 10 V
DO1 / 2/ 3
Relay output 1, 2 and 3 3)
open/ closed (red LED on) / 0...30 V, 400 mA
FS
Fail-safe relay
open/ closed (green LED on)/ 0...30 V, 400 mA
depending on supply voltage; for 0-10 V on the AO the PIF has to be powered with min. 12 V.
the AI is designed for max. 24 V, the voltage level above 10 V is not interpreted
3)
active if AO1, 2 or 3 is/ are programmed as alarm output
2)
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-
The process interface has an integrated fail-safe mode. This allows to control conditions like interruption of
cables, shut-down of the software etc. and to give out these conditions as an alarm.
Standard Process interface
ACPIPIF
Industrial Process interface
ACPIPIF500V2CBxx
Interruption USB cable to camera
√
√
Interruption data cable camera - PIF
√
√
Interruption power supply PIF
√
√
Shut-down of PIConnect software
√
√
Crash of PIConnect software
-
√
Controlled conditions on camera and software
Fail-Safe-Output
0 V at analog output (AO)
open contact (fail-safe relay)/ green LED off
-Electrical Installation
4.2
55-
Example for a Fail-Safe monitoring of the PI with a PLC
Figure 32: Fail-Safe monitoring states
Fail-Safe monitoring states
[1]
[2]
[3]
Breakdown of PIF power supply
Cable break of fail-safe cable
Interruption of cable PI-PIF
[4]
[5]
[6]
Malfunction of PI
Breakdown of PI power supply/ Interruption of USB cable
Malfunction of PIConnect software
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-
Figure 33: Fail-Safe monitoring states
Fail-Safe monitoring states
[1]
Breakdown of PIF power supply
[2]
Cable break of fail-safe cable
[3]
Short circuit of fail-safe cable
[4]
Interruption of cable PI-PIF
[5]
[6]
[7]
Malfunction of PI
Breakdown of PI power supply/ Interruption of USB cable
Malfunction of PIConnect software
-Electrical Installation
4.3
57-
USB cable extension
The maximum USB cable length is 20 m. For greater distances between PI and computer or for stand-alone
solutions the optional PI NetBox or the USB Server Gigabit is provided:
Figure 34: Ethernet direct communication with PI Netbox
Figure 35: Ethernet network communication with PI Netbox
-58
Figure 36: Stand-Alone operation with PI Netbox
Figure 37: USB Server Gigabit
-
-Software PI Connect
5 Software PI Connect
Minimum system requirements:





Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10
USB interface
Hard disc with at least 30 MByte of free space
At least 128 MByte RAM
CD-ROM drive
A detailed description is provided in the software manual on the software CD. See also Help
menu in the PI Connect software (Help → Documentation).
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5.1
-
Installation and initial start-up



Uninstall previous versions of the PI Connect before installing the new software. To this use
the Uninstall icon in the start menu.
All drivers are booted via Windows OS automatically. A driver installation is not necessary.
By default the program starts automatically in the installed language.
1. Insert the installation CD into the according drive on your computer. If the autorun option is
activated the installation wizard will start automatically.
2. Otherwise start setup.exe from the CD-ROM. Follow the instructions of the wizard until the
installation is finished.
The installation wizard places a launch icon on the desktop and in the start menu:
Start\Programs\PIConnect
3. To connect the camera to the PC, plug the USB cable to the camera first. Afterwards connect it with
the PC (to disconnect the camera and the computer remove the USB cable from the computer first
and then disconnect it from the camera).
4. Start the software.
-Software PI Connect
At the initial start the software asks for the calibrations files which are available via internet or on the CD.
5. Install the calibration files at first start of the software.
Figure 38: Calibration data transfer
61-
-62
-
After the calibration files have been installed the live image from the camera is shown inside a window on
your PC screen.
6. Choose the desired language in the menu Tools → Language.
7. Adjust the focus of the image by turning the exterior lens ring at the camera.
-Software PI Connect
5.2
Software window
Figure 39: Software window
63-
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-
1
IR image from the camera
2
Temperature profile: Shows the temperatures along max. 2 lines at any size and position in the image.
3
Reference bar: Shows the scaling of temperature within the color palette.
4
Temperature of measure area: Analyses the temperature according to the selected shape, e.g. average temperature of the
rectangle. The value is shown inside the IR image and the control displays.
5
Control displays: Displays all temperature values in the defined measure areas like Cold Spots, Hot Spots, temperature at
cursor, internal temperature and chip temperature.
6
Alarm settings: Bar showing the defined temperature thresholds for low alarm value (blue arrow) and high alarm value (red
arrow). The color of numbers within control displays changes to red (when temp. above the high alarm value) and to blue
(when temp. below the low alarm value).
7
Histogram: Shows the statistic distribution of single temperature values.
8
Automatic / manual scaling of the palette (displayed temperature range): Man., </> (min, max),
1σ : 1 Sigma, 3σ : 3 Sigma, OPT: Palette optimization
9
Menu and Toolbar (Icons)
10
Icon enabling switching between color palettes
11
Status bar: Serial number, optic, temperature range, cursor position, device framerate/ display framerate, emissivity, ambient
temperature, flag status
-Software PI Connect
5.2.1
65-
Basis features of the software PI Connect
Extensive infrared camera software





No restrictions in licensing
Modern software with intuitive user interface
Remote control of camera via software
Display of multiple camera images in different windows
Compatible with Windows Vista, 7, 8 and 10
High level of individualization for customer specific display






Various language option including a translation tool
Temperature display in °C or °F
Different layout options for an individual setup (arrangement of
windows, toolbar)
Range of individual measurement parameter fitting for each application
Adaption of thermal image (mirror, rotate)
Individual start options (full screen, hidden, etc.)
-66
Video recording and snapshot function (IR or BI-SPECTRAL)




Recording of video sequences and detailed frames for further analysis
or documentation
BI-SPECTRAL video analysis (IR and VIS) in order to highlight critical
temperatures
Adjustment of recording frequency to reduce data volume
Display of snapshot history for immediate analysis
Extensive online and offline data analysis





Analysis supported by measurement fields, hot and cold spot
searching, image subtraction
Real time temperature information within main window as digital or
graphic display (line profile, temperature time diagram)
Slow motion repeat of radiometric files and analysis without camera
being connected
Editing of sequences such as cutting and saving of individual images
Various color palettes to highlight thermal contrasts
-Software PI Connect
67-
Automatic process control






Individual setup of alarm levels depending on the process
BI-SPECTRAL process monitoring (IR and VIS) for easy orientation at
point of measurement
Definition of visual or acoustic alarms and analog data output
Analog and digital signal input (process parameter)
External communication of software via COM-Ports and DLL
Adjustment of thermal image via reference values
Temperature data analysis and documentation





Triggered data collection
Radiometric video sequences (*.ravi) radiometric snapshots (*.tiff)
Text files including temp. information for analysis in Excel (*.csv, *.dat)
Data with color information for standard programs such as Photoshop
or Windows Media Player (*.avi, *.tiff)
Data transfer in real time to other software programs DLL or COM-Port
interfaces
-68
6 Basics of Infrared Thermometry
Depending on the temperature each object emits a certain amount of infrared radiation. A change in the
temperature of the object is accompanied by a change in the intensity of the radiation.
Searching for new optical material William Herschel by chance found the infrared radiation in 1800.
Figure 40: William Herschel (1738-1822)
He blackened the peak of a sensitive mercury thermometer. This thermometer, a glass prism that led sun
rays onto a table made his measuring arrangement. With this, he tested the heating of different colors of the
spectrum. Slowly moving the peak of the blackened thermometer through the colors of the spectrum, he
-
-Basics of Infrared Thermometry
noticed the increasing temperature from violet to red. The temperature rose even more in the area behind
the red end of the spectrum. Finally he found the maximum temperature far behind the red area.
Nowadays this area is called “infrared wavelength area”.
Figure 41: The electromagnetic spectrum and the area used for temperature measurement
For the measurement of “thermal radiation” infrared thermometry uses a wave-length ranging between
1 µ and 20 µm. The intensity of the emitted radiation depends on the material. This material contingent
constant is described with the help of the emissivity which is a known value for most materials
(►7 Emissivity).
Infrared thermometers are optoelectronic sensors. They calculate the surface temperature on the basis of
the emitted infrared radiation from an object. The most important feature of infrared thermometers is that
they enable the user to measure objects contactless. Consequently, these products help to measure the
temperature of inaccessible or moving objects without difficulties.
69-
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-
Figure 42: Main principle of non-contact thermometry
Infrared thermometers basically consist of the following components:




Lens
Spectral filter
Detector
Electronics (amplifier/ linearization/ signal processing)
The specifications of the lens decisively determine the optical path of the infrared thermometer, which is
characterized by the ratio Distance to Spot size. The spectral filter selects the wavelength range, which is
relevant for the temperature measurement. The detector in cooperation with the processing electronics
transforms the emitted infrared radiation into electrical signals.
-Basics of Infrared Thermometry
The advantages of non-contact thermometry are clear - it supports:






temperature measurements of moving or overheated objects and of objects in hazardous
surroundings
very fast response and exposure times
measurement without inter-reaction, no influence on the
measuring object
non-destructive measurement
long lasting measurement, no mechanical wear
71-
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Figure 43: Non-contact thermometry
-
-Basics of Infrared Thermometry
73-
Application field:
Monitoring of electronic
cabinets
R&D of electronics
R&D of electronic parts
Process control extruding
plastic parts
Process control
manufacturing solar
modules
Process control at
calendering
R&D of mechanical parts
Monitoring of cables
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7 Emissivity
7.1
Definition
The intensity of infrared radiation, which is emitted by each body, depends on the temperature as well as on
the radiation features of the surface material of the measuring object. The emissivity (ε – Epsilon) is used as
a material constant factor to describe the ability of the body to emit infrared energy. It can range between 0
and 100 %. A “blackbody” is the ideal radiation source with an emissivity of 1.0 whereas a mirror shows an
emissivity of 0.1.
Figure 44: Composition of IR radiation
I
IR radiation
ε
Emission
ρ
Reflection
τ
Transmission
ε + ρ+ τ = 1
-Emissivity
75-
Figure 45: Spectral emissivity of several materials: 1 Enamel, 2 Plaster, 3 Concrete, 4 Chamotte
If the emissivity chosen is too high, the infrared thermometer may display a temperature value which is much
lower than the real temperature – assuming the measuring object is warmer than its surroundings. A low
emissivity (reflective surfaces) carries the risk of inaccurate measuring results by interfering infrared radiation
emitted by background objects (flames, heating systems, chamottes). To minimize measuring errors in such
cases, the handling should be performed very carefully and the unit should be protected against reflecting
radiation sources.
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7.2
Determination of unknown emissivity
► First determine the actual temperature of the measuring object with a thermocouple or contact sensor.
Second, measure the temperature with the infrared thermometer and modify the emissivity until the
displayed result corresponds to the actual temperature.
► If you monitor temperatures of up to 380 °C you may place a special plastic sticker (emissivity dots – Part
No.: ACLSED) onto the measuring object, which covers it completely.
Figure 46: Plastic sticker at metal surface
Set the emissivity to 0.95 and take the temperature of the sticker. Afterwards, determine the temperature
of the adjacent area on the measuring object and adjust the emissivity according to the value of the
temperature of the sticker.
-Emissivity
77-
► Cove a part of the surface of the measuring object with a black, flat paint with an emissivity of 0.98. Adjust
the emissivity of your infrared thermometer to 0.98 and take the temperature of the colored surface.
Afterwards, determine the temperature of a directly adjacent area and modify the emissivity until the
measured value corresponds to the temperature of the colored surface.
Figure 47: Shiny metal surface left and blackened metal surface right
CAUTION: On all three methods the object temperature must be different from ambient temperature.
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7.3
Characteristic emissivity
In case none of the methods mentioned above help to determine the emissivity you may use the emissivity
table ► Appendix A and Appendix B. These are average values, only. The actual emissivity of a material
depends on the following factors:







temperature
measuring angle
geometry of the surface
thickness of the material
constitution of the surface (polished, oxidized, rough, sandblast)
spectral range of the measurement
transmissivity (e.g. with thin films)
Figure 48: Adjustment of the emissivity in the software PI Connect (menu Tools/ Configuration/ Device)
-Appendix A – Table of emissivity for metals
Appendix A – Table of emissivity for metals
79-
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-
-Appendix B – Table of emissivity for non-metals
Appendix B – Table of emissivity for non-metals
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Appendix C – Quick start for serial communication
Introduction
One special feature of the PI Connect software contains the possibility to communicate via a serial COM-Port
interface. This can be a physical COM-Port or a virtual COM-Port (VCP). It must be available on the
computer where the PI connect software is installed.
Setup of the interface
1. Open the Options dialog and enter the tab “Extended Communication” to enable the software
for the serial communication.
2. Select the mode “COM-Port” and choose the appropriate port.
3. Select the baud rate that matches the baud rate of the other communication device. The other
interface parameters are 8 data bits, no parity and one stop bit (8N1).
These parameters are used in many other communication devices too. The other station must support 8 bit
data.
4. Connect the computer with the communication device. If this is a computer too, use a null modem
cable.
-Appendix C – Quick start for serial communication
Command list
The command list is provided on the software CD and in the PI Connect software
(Help → SDK). Every command must expire with CR/LF (0x0D, 0x0A).
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Appendix D – Interprocess Communication (IPC)
The description of the initialization procedure as well as the necessary command list is provided
on the CD and in the PI Connect software (Help → SDK).
2 SDK packages are available (can be found on the included software CD):
1. Connect SDK: requires the PI Connect software
2. Direct SDK: no PI Connect software required, supports Linux and Windows
The communication to the process imager device is handled by the PI Connect software (Imager.exe)
only. A dynamic link library (ImagerIPC2.dll) provides the interprocess communication (IPC) for other
attached processes. The DLL can be dynamically linked into the secondary application. Or it can be done
static by a lib file too. Both Imager.exe and ImagerIPC2.dll are designed for Windows Vista/ 7/ 8/ 10
only. The application must support call-back functions and polling mode.
The ImagerIPC2.dll will export a bunch of functions that are responsible for initiating the communication,
retrieving data and setting some control parameters.
The main difference to the former Version 1 (ImagerIPC.dll) is the support of more than one Optris PI via
multiple instances of Optris PI Connect.
-Appendix E – PI Connect Resource Translator
85-
Appendix E – PI Connect Resource Translator
A detailed tutorial is provided on the CD.
PI Connect is a .Net Application. Therefore it is ready for localization. Localization as a Microsoft idiom
means a complete adaption of resources to a given culture. Learn more about the internationalization topics
consult Microsoft’s developer documentation on
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/goglobal/bb688096.aspx.
If desired the localization process can be illustrated in detail. Also the resizing of buttons or other visible
resources and the support of right-to-left-languages are supported. Experts who have the appropriate tools
should handle it. Nevertheless we have developed the small tool “Resource Translator” to make the
translation of the resources of the PI Connect application possible for everybody.
This tool helps to translate any visible text within the PI Connect application.
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Appendix F – Wiring diagrams PIF
Analog Output:
Figure 49: Analog output
For voltage measurements the minimum load impedance must be 10 KOhm.
The analog output can be used as a digital output too. The voltage for “no alarm” and “alarm on” is set
within the software. The analog output (0 … 10 V) has a 100 Ohm resistor in series. With a maximum current
of 10 mA the voltage drop is 1 V.
To use an alarm LED with a forward voltage of 2 V the analog output value for “alarm on” must be 3 V as
maximum.
-Appendix F – Wiring diagrams PIF
87-
Digital Input:
Figure 50: Digital input
The digital input can be activated with a button to the PI GND-Pin or with a low level CMOS/TTL signal: Low
level 0…0.6 V; High level 2…24 V
Example Button:
Figure 51: Button
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Analog input (usable voltage range: 0 … 10 V):
Figure 52: Analog input
Relay output at industrial PIF [Part No.: ACPIPIF500V2CBxx]
The analog output must be set to “Alarm”. The voltage level for AO1-AO3 can be set in the software
(no alarm: 0 V/ alarm: 2-10 V)
REL1-3 (DO1-DO3):
Umax = 30 VDC
Imax = 400 mA
-Appendix F – Wiring diagrams PIF
Figure 53: Relay output at industrial PIF
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Appendix G – Declaration of Conformity
-
optris PI-MA-E2017-07-A
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