7250QX Series 10/40G Data Center Switches

7250QX Series 10/40G Data Center Switches
Data Sheet
Product Highlights
Overview
Performance
The Arista 7250QX-64 is a key component of the Arista portfolio of data center
switches. The Arista 7250QX-64 fixed configuration switch shares common features
with the Arista 7050 and 7300 X-Series of purpose built 10/40GbE switches, with
wire speed layer 2/3/4 performance combined with low latency and advanced
features for software defined cloud networking.
• 7250QX-64: 64x40GbE ports
• Up to 5 terabits per second
• 3840 million packets per second
• Wire speed L2 and L3 forwarding
• Latency below 2 microseconds
Data Center Optimized Design
• Typical power under 14W per 40GbE port
• Over 93% efficient power supplies
• Redundant & hot-swappable power
• N+1 redundant & hot-swappable fans
• Front-to-rear or rear-to-front cooling
Cloud Networking Ready
• VXLAN and VM Tracer
• OpenFlow, DirectFlow and eAPI
• 288K MAC entries
• 16K IPv4 Routes
• 208K IPv4 Host Routes
• 12MB Dynamic Buffer per port group
Resilient Control Plane
• Quad-core x86 CPU
• 8GB DRAM
• 4GB Flash
• User applications can run in a VM
Increased adoption of 10 Gigabit Ethernet servers coupled with applications using
higher bandwidth is accelerating the need for dense 10 and 40 Gigabit Ethernet
switching. The 7250X Series supports a flexible combination of 10G and 40G in a
compact form factor that allows customers to design both large leaf and spine
networks to accommodate both east-west traffic patterns and support the
requirement for low latency and power efficiency in dense servers farms.
With 64 QSFP+ ports the 7250QX-64 is a dense 40GbE system that can support a
flexible combination of up to 64x 40GbE or 256 x 10GbE of wirespeed performance
in a 2RU system. The Arista 7250QX-64 combines low latency, and a shared packet
buffer pool of 12MB per group of ports that is allocated dynamically to ports that are
congested.
Combining 40GbE density and industry leading power efficiency with typical power
consumption under 14W per 40GbE port the 7250QX-64 is ideal for both middle or
end of row leaf or collapsed spine tiers with airflow choices for back to front, or front
to back. An optional built-in SSD supports advanced logging, data captures and
other services directly on the switch.
Combined with Arista EOS the 7250QX-64 delivers advanced features for big data,
cloud, virtualized and traditional designs.
Built-in Storage
• 100GB Solid State Drive option
• Store logs and data captures
• Leverage linux tools with no limitations
Advanced Provisioning & Monitoring
• Zero Touch Provisioning (ZTP)
• LANZ for microburst detection
• DANZ Advanced Mirroring & Tap
Aggregation for improved visibility
• IEEE 1588 PTP
• sFlow
• Self-configure and recover from USB
Arista Extensible Operating System
• Single binary image for all products
• Fine-grained truly modular network OS
• Stateful Fault Containment (SFC)
• Stateful Fault Repair (SFR)
• Full Access to Linux shell and tools
• Extensible platform - bash, python, C++
Arista 7250QX-64: 64 x 40GbE or 256 x 10GbE
Arista EOS
The Arista 7250QX-64 runs the same Arista EOS software as all Arista products,
simplifying network administration. Arista EOS is a modular switch operating system
with a unique state sharing architecture that cleanly separates switch state from
protocol processing and application logic. Built on top of a standard Linux kernel, all
EOS processes run in their own protected memory space and exchange state
through an in-memory database. This multi-process state sharing architecture
provides the foundation for in-service-software updates and self-healing resiliency.
With Arista EOS, advanced monitoring and automation capabilities such as Zero
Touch Provisioning, VMTracer and Linux based tools can be run natively on the
switch with the powerful x86 CPU subsystem.
7250QX Series | Platform Overview
High Availability
The Arista 7250QX series switches were designed for high availability
from both a software and hardware perspective. Key high availability
features include:
• 1+1 hot-swappable power supplies and four N+1 hot-swap fans
• Color coded PSU’s and fans - common to Arista 2RU devices
• Live software patching
• Self healing software with Stateful Fault Repair (SFR)
• Up to 64 10GbE or 40GbE ports per link aggregation group (LAG)
• Multi-chassis LAG for active/active L2 multipathing
• 64-way ECMP routing for load balancing and redundancy
Arista 7250QX 2RU Rear View: Rear-to-front airflow model
Dynamic Buffer Allocation
Arista 7250QX hot swap and reversible fans and power supplies
In cut-through mode, the Arista 7250X series switches forward packets with a latency of less than 2 microseconds. Upon congestion,
the packets are buffered in shared packet memory that has a total size of 48 MBytes. Unlike other architectures that have fixed per-port
packet memory, the 7250X Series use Dynamic Buffer Allocation (DBA) to allocate up to 6MB of packet memory to a single port for
lossless forwarding.
Scaling Data Center Performance
The Arista 7250X series delivers line rate switching at layer 2 and layer 3 to enable dramatically faster and simpler network designs for
data centers that dramatically lowers the network capital and operational expenses. When used in conjunction with the Arista 7000
series of fixed and modular switches it allows networks to scale to over 200,000 10G servers in a low-latency two-tier network that
provides predictable and consistent application performance. The flexibility of the L2 and L3 multi-path design options combined with
support for open standards provides maximum flexibility, scalability and network wide virtualization. Arista EOS advanced features
provide control and visibility with single point of management.
1
1
2
63
...
64
64
192
192
64
1
64 Spine
2
63
Arista 7250QX-64
...
64
192
64
256
192
64
64 Spine
...
256 Leaf
1
Arista 7250QX-64
Scales to 49,152 x 10G nodes 3:1 oversubscribed
64
64
192
192
...
Arista 7508E
64
192
64
192
1152
1152 Leaf
Arista 7250QX-64
Scales to 221,184 x 10G nodes 3:1 oversubscribed
Arista Leaf-Spine Design with L3 ECMP
7250QX+64!/!7508E!64+Way!
221,184!
7250QX+64!/!7250QX+64!64+Way!
!49,152!!
7050SX+128!/!7250QX+64!32+Way!
!24,576!!
7050S!/!7250QX+64!16+Way!
!12,288!!
!+!!!!
!50,000!!
!100,000!!
!150,000!!
!200,000!!
Number of 10GbE Nodes Interconnected Using Arista Leaf-Spine Designs
!250,000!!
7250QX Series | Platform Overview
Maximum Flexibility for Scale Out Network Designs
Scale out network designs enable solutions to start small and evolve over time. A simple two-way design can grow as wide as 64-way
without significant changes to the architecture. The 7250QX include enhancements that allow for flexible scale-out designs:
• 64-way ECMP and 64-way MLAG to provide scalable designs and balance traffic evenly across large scale 2 tier leaf-spine designs
• Flow based FDLB architecture to balance large flows and dynamic packet buffering to absorb congestion from microbursts
• Custom hash algorithms for efficient hashing, persistent hashing and custom lookups for tunneled protocols.
• Flexible allocation of L2 and L3 forwarding table resources for more design choice
• Wide choice of 10G/40G optics and cables for single port multi-speed flexibility
• VXLAN routing, bridging and gateway for physical to virtualization communication to enable next generation data center designs
• DANZ, PTP, sFlow and multi-port mirroring to detect micro-burst congestion and provide network wide visibility and monitoring
Software Defined Networking
Arista Software Defined Cloud Networking (SDCN), combines the principles that have made cloud computing the unstoppable force
that it is: automation, self service provisioning, and linear scaling of both performance and economics coupled with the trend in
Software Defined Networking that delivers: network virtualization, custom programmability, simplified architectures, and lower capital
expenditure. This combination creates a best-in-class software foundation for maximizing the value of the network to both the
enterprise and service provider data center. A new architecture for the most mission-critical location within the IT infrastructure that
simplifies management and provisioning, speeds up service delivery, lowers costs and creates opportunities for competitive
differentiation, while putting control and visibility back in the hands of the network and systems administrators.
Enhanced Features for High Performance Networks
The Arista 7250QX delivers a suite of advanced traffic control and monitoring features to improve the agility of modern high
performance environments, with solutions for data monitoring, precise timing and next-generation virtualization.
Precise Data Analysis
Arista Latency Analyzer (LANZ) and Precision Data Analyzer (DANZ) are integrated features of EOS. DANZ provides a solution to
monitoring and visibility challenges at 10 and 40Gbps giving IT operations the ability to proactively deliver feedback on congestion
events, filter, replicate, aggregate and capture traffic without affecting production performance. LANZ provides precise real-time
monitoring of micro-burst and congestion events before they impact applications, with the ability to identify the sources and capture
affected traffic for analysis.
Precision Timing (IEEE 1588)
The IEEE 1588 Precision Time Protocol enables building and maintaining an accurate timing solution that delivers highly accurate
precision time synchronization to sub-microsecond accuracy to applications within existing network infrastructure with no need to
invest in and deploy a separate timing network. Arista’s 7250QX Series hardware assisted Precision Time Protocol solution provides a
high-performance and robust mechanism for accurate in-band time distribution to servers, routers and other switches.
Virtualization
Supporting next-generation virtualized data centers requires tight integration with orchestration tools and emerging encapsulation
technologies such as VXLAN. The 7250QX builds on the valuable tools already provided by the Arista VM Tracer suite to integrate
directly into encapsulated environments. Offering a wire-speed gateway between VXLAN and traditional L2/3 environments, the
7250QX makes integration of non-VXLAN aware devices including servers, firewalls and load-balancers seamless and provides the
ability to leverage VXLAN as a standards based L2 extension technology for non-MPLS environments.
Advanced Event Management (AEM)
Simplifying the overall operations, AEM provides the tools to customize alerts and actions. AEM is a powerful and flexible set of tools to
automate tasks and customize the behavior of EOS and the operation of the overall data center switching infrastructure. AEM allows
operators to fully utilize the intelligence within EOS to respond to real-time events, automate routine tasks, and automate actions based
on changing network conditions.
Network Address Translation (NAT)
The Arista 7250QX includes support for line rate NAT with no impact on performance or scalability for environments where address
translation is essential to resolve addressing challenges such as masking internal address and translating overlapping ranges to avoid
conflicts without penalty.
7250QX Series | Features
Layer 2 Features
• 802.1w Rapid Spanning Tree
• 802.1s Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol
• Rapid Per VLAN Spanning Tree (RPVST+)
• 4096 VLANs
• Q-in-Q
• 802.3ad Link Aggregation/LACP
• 64 ports/channel* (16 ports/channel)
• 32 groups per system
• Multi-Chassis Link Aggregation (MLAG)
• 64 ports per MLAG * (32 ports per MLAG)
• Custom LAG Hashing
• Resilient LAG Hashing
• 802.1AB Link Layer Discovery Protocol
• 802.3x Flow Control
• Jumbo Frames (9216 Bytes)
• IGMP v1/v2/v3 snooping
• Storm Control
• Private VLANs *
• RAIL
Layer 3 Features
• Routing Protocols: OSPF, OSPFv3, BGP, MP-BGP, IS-IS, and RIPv2
• 64-way Equal Cost Multipath Routing (ECMP)
• Resilient ECMP Routes
• VRF
• BFD
• Route Maps
• IGMP v2/v3
• PIM-SM / PIM-SSM
• Anycast RP (RFC 4610)
• VRRP
• Virtual ARP (VARP)
• Policy Based Routing (DirectFlow)
• Network Address Translation *
• Static NAT
• Dynamic NAT
• uRPF *
Advanced Monitoring and Provisioning
• Zero Touch Provisioning (ZTP)
• Latency Analyzer and Microburst Detection (LANZ) *
• Configurable Congestion Notification (CLI, Syslog)
• Streaming Events (GPB Encoded)
• Capture/Mirror of congested traffic
• Advanced Monitoring and Aggregation
• Port Mirroring 4 to 16 (4 active sessions per ASIC)
• L2/3/4 Filtering on Mirror Sessions*
• Mirror to EOS/SSD* SPAN/TAP Aggregation*
• Ingress filtering on Tap Aggregation Ports*
• Advanced Event Management suite (AEM)
• CLI Scheduler
• Event Manager
• Event Monitor
• Linux tools
• Optional SSD for logging and data capture
• Integrated packet capture/analysis with TCPDump
• RFC 3176 sFlow *
• Restore & configure from USB
• Blue Beacon LED for system identification
• Software Defined Networking (SDN)
• Openflow 1.0
• Arista DirectFlow *
• eAPI
• OpenStack Neutron Support
• IEEE 1588 PTP (Transparent Clock and Boundary Clock) *
Virtualization Support
• VXLAN Gateway (draft-mahalingam-dutt-dcops-vxlan-01) *
• VXLAN Routing *
• VXLAN Bridging *
• VXLAN Tunnel Endpoint *
• VM Tracer VMware Integration
• VMware vSphere support
• VM Auto Discovery
• VM Adaptive Segmentation
• VM Host View
Security Features
• IPv4 / IPv6 Ingress & Egress ACLs using L2, L3, L4 fields
• MAC ACLs
• ACL Drop Logging
• ACL Counters
• Control Plane Protection (CPP)
• DHCP Relay / Snooping
• MAC Security
• TACACS+
• RADIUS
Quality of Service (QoS) Features
• Up to 8 queues per port
• 802.1p based classification
• DSCP based classification and remarking *
• Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN)
• QoS interface trust (COS / DSCP)
• Strict priority queueing
• Weighted Round Robin (WRR) Scheduling *
• Per-Priority Flow Control (PFC)
• Data Center Bridging Extensions (DCBX)
• 802.1Qaz Enhanced Transmissions Selection (ETS) *
• ACL based DSCP Marking *
• ACL based Policing *
• Policing/Shaping
• Rate limiting
• Audio Video Bridging (AVB) *
* Not currently supported in EOS
7250QX Series | Features
Network Management
• CloudVision Task-Oriented Multi-Device CLI
• 10/100/1000 Management Port
• RS-232 Serial Console Port
• USB Port
• SNMP v1, v2, v3
• Management over IPv6
• Telnet and SSHv2
• Syslog
• AAA
• Industry Standard CLI
Extensibility
• Linux Tools
• Bash shell access and scripting
• RPM support
• Custom kernel modules
• Programmatic access to system state
• Python
• C++
• Native KVM/QEMU support
Standards Compliance
• 802.1D Bridging and Spanning Tree
• 802.1p QOS/COS
• 802.1Q VLAN Tagging
• 802.1w Rapid Spanning Tree
• 802.1s Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol
• 802.1AB Link Layer Discovery Protocol
• 802.3ad Link Aggregation with LACP
• 802.3ab 1000BASE-T
• 802.3z Gigabit Ethernet
• 802.3ae 10 Gigabit Ethernet
• 802.3ba 40 Gigabit Ethernet
• RFC 2460 Internet Protocol, Version 6 (IPv6) Specification
• RFC 4861 Neighbor Discovery for IP Version 6 (IPv6)
• RFC 4862 IPv6 Stateless Address Autoconfiguration
• RFC 4443 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMPv6) for the
Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) Specification
SNMP MIBs
• RFC 3635 EtherLike-MIB
• RFC 3418 SNMPv2-MIB
• RFC 2863 IF-MIB
• RFC 2864 IF-INVERTED-STACK-MIB
• RFC 2096 IP-FORWARD-MIB
• RFC 4363 Q-BRIDGE-MIB
• RFC 4188 BRIDGE-MIB
• RFC 2013 UDP-MIB
• RFC 2012 TCP-MIB
• RFC 2011 IP-MIB
• RFC 2790 HOST-RESOURCES-MIB
• RFC 3636 MAU-MIB
• RMON-MIB
• RMON2-MIB
• HC-RMON-MIB
• LLDP-MIB
• LLDP-EXT-DOT1-MIB
• LLDP-EXT-DOT3-MIB
• ENTITY-MIB
• ENTITY-SENSOR-MIB
• ENTITY-STATE-MIB
• ARISTA-ACL-MIB
• ARISTA-QUEUE-MIB
• RFC 4273 BGP4-MIB
• RFC 4750 OSPF-MIB
• ARISTA-CONFIG-MAN-MIB
• ARISTA-REDUNDANCY-MIB
• RFC 2787 VRRPv2MIB
• MSDP-MIB
• PIM-MIB
• IGMP-MIB
• IPMROUTE-STD-MIB
• SNMP Authentication Failure trap
• ENTITY-SENSOR-MIB support for DOM (Digital Optical
Monitoring)
• User configurable custom OIDs
See EOS release notes for latest supported MIBs
Table Sizes
STP Instances
64 (MST)/510 (RPVST+)
IGMP Groups
288K, with 8K unique groups
ACLs
4K to 16K
Egress ACLs
1K to 4K
ECMP
64-way, 1K groups
Base Mode
UFT Modes
MAC Addresses
32K
288K
IPv4 Hosts
32K
208K
IPv4 Routes - Unicast
16K
144K *
IPv4 Routes - Multicast
16K
104K *
IPv6 Hosts
16K
104K
IPv6 Routes - Unicast
8K
77K *
IPv6 Routes - Multicast
4K
No Change
Maximum values dependent on shared resources in some cases
* Supported in a future software release
7250QX Series | Technical Specifications
Environmental Characteristics
Model Comparison
Operating Temperature
0 to 40°C (32 to 104°F)
Storage Temperature
-25 to 70°C (-13 to 158°F)
7250QX-64
Ports
Relative Humidity
Operating Altitude
0 to 10,000 ft, (0-3,000m)
Total 40GbE Ports
64
Total 10GbE Ports
256
Throughput
Standards Compliance
EMI
64 x QSFP+
5 to 95%
FCC Part 15 Class A
ICES-003 Class A
VCCI Class A
Packets/Second
5Tbps
3840 Mpps
Latency
550 to 1800 ns
Quad-Core x86
Safety
IEC/EN/UL/CSA 60950
CE, uTUVc Mark
CPU
Other
ROHS-2 Compliant
System Memory
8 Gigabytes
Flash Storage Memory
4 Gigabytes
Packet Buffer Memory
48MB (Dynamic Buffer
Allocation)
SSD Storage (optional)
100 Gigabytes
Supported Optics and Cables
Interface Type
QSFP+ ports
10GBASE-CR
0.5m-5m QSFP+ to 4x SFP+
40GBASE-CR4
0.5m to 7m QSFP+ to QSFP+
AOC-40G-Q-Q
3m to 30m
40GBASE-SR4
100m (OM3) /150m (OM4)
USB Ports
40GBASE-XSR4
300m (OM3) /450m (OM4)
Hot-swap Power Supplies
40G-PLRL4
1km (1km 4x10G LR/LRL)
40G-LRL4
1km
40GBASE-LR4
10km
10/100/1000 Mgmt Ports
RS-232 Serial Ports
Hot-swappable Fans
Reversible Airflow Option
Typical / Maximum Power *
Size (WxHxD)
Weight
2
1 (RJ-45)
1
2 (1+1)
4 (N+1 redundant)
Yes
622W / 1200W
19 x 3.5 x 21.8 inches
(44.5 x 8.8 x 55.3cm)
42.3 lbs (19.2kg)
* Typical power consumption measured at 25C ambient with 50% load
Note Performance rated over operation with average packets larger than 200 bytes.
7250QX Series | Technical Specifications
Power Supply Specifications
7250QX-64
Switch Series
Power Supply Model
Input Voltage
PWR-1100AC
PWR-1100DC *
200-240AC
40-72V DC
Typical Input Current
5.5 - 6.5A
Input Frequency
50/60Hz
DC
Input Connector
IEC 320-C13
AWG #16-12
93% Platinum
-
Efficiency (Typical)
Ordering Information
Product Number
Product Description
DCS-7250QX-64-F
Arista 7250, 64xQSFP+ switch, front-to-rear airflow and dual 1100W AC power supplies
DCS-7250QX-64-R
Arista 7250, 64xQSFP+ switch, rear-to-front airflow and dual 1100W AC power supplies
DCS-7250QX-64#
Arista 7250, 64xQSFP+ switch, no fans, no psu (requires fans and psu)
DCS-7250QX-64-D#
Arista 7250, 64xQSFP+ switch, SSD, no fans, no psu (requires fans and psu)
LIC-FIX-3-E
Enhanced L3 License for Arista Fixed switches, 144-256 port 10G (BGP, OSPF, ISIS, PIM, NAT)
LIC-FIX-3-V
Virtualization license for Arista Fixed switches 144-256 port 10G (VMTracer and VXLAN)
LIC-FIX-3-Z
Monitoring & provisioning license for Arista Fixed switches 144-256 port 10G (ZTP, LANZ, TapAgg, OpenFlow)
Spare Options
FAN-7002-F
Spare fan module for Arista 7050X/7250X 2RU and 7300 switches (front-to-rear airflow)
FAN-7002-R
Spare fan module for Arista 7050X/7250X 2RU and 7300 switches (rear-to-front airflow)
PWR-1100AC-F
Spare 1100 Watt AC power supply for Arista 7250QX-64 2RU Switches (front-to-rear airflow)
PWR-1100AC-R
Spare 1100 Watt AC power supply for Arista 7250QX-64 2RU Switches (rear-to-front airflow)
KIT-7002
Spare accessory kit for Arista 7250 / 7050 2RU switches
KIT-2POST
Spare 2 post rack mount installation kit for Arista 7250 / 7050 2RU switches
7250QX Series | Contact Information
Warranty
The Arista 7250QX switches comes with a one-year limited hardware warranty, which covers parts, repair, or replacement with a 10
business day turn-around after the unit is received.
Service and Support
Support services including next business day and 4-hour advance hardware replacement are available. For service depot locations,
please see: http://www.aristanetworks.com/en/service
Headquarters
Support
Sales
5453 Great America Parkway
Santa Clara, California 95054
408-547-5500
support@aristanetworks.com
408-547-5502
866-476-0000
sales@aristanetworks.com
408-547-5501
866-497-0000
Copyright 2013 Arista Networks, Inc. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. Arista, the
Arista logo and EOS are trademarks of Arista Networks. Other product or service names may be trademarks or service marks
of others.
www.aristanetworks.com