Family Disaster Preparedness Guide 2

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The first step in creating a disaster plan is to
identify what types of disasters could happen
to you. Your local fire and police
departments, Emergency Management
Agency, public health agency or disaster
relief organization are good sources of
information in assessing community risks.
Tornado
Flood
Blizzard
Heat Wave
Earthquake
Hurricane
Mudslide
Natural
Fire
Transportation
Chemical Release
Accidental
Bombing
Biological
Chemical
Shooting
Intentional
Some possible types of disasters
What types of disasters are
most likely to happen in your
home or community?
What are your best sources of
information to alert you to a
disaster?
What are the community
warning signals and what do
they mean?
What plans are in place at
your workplace, school and
daycare?
Is there a need for special
planning to accommodate an
elderly or disabled person?
What options are available
for animal care after a crisis?
Questions to ask
Identify Hazards
prepare your disaster plan
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Involving the whole family in developing
your plan is essential. Explain the dangers
and the necessity for a plan. Use the same
agencies in the “Identify Hazards” section to
develop specific responses. Commit your
plan to paper and educate each member of
the family on how and when it is used.
Disaster Supplies Kit
prepare a three
day supply
Water for three days
One gallon per
person per day
First Aid Kit
Include prescription
medication
Nonperishable food
Canned meats, fruits,
vegetables, soups, juices,
milk; peanut butter,
crackers, granola bars,
trail mix
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Even the best plan is useless unless it has
been practiced and maintained. Routinely
review, practice and update your plans.
The Home-Hazard Hunt A home hazard is anything that
can create or intensify a disaster.
Maintain working smoke detectors
Secure propane gas tanks
Keep heavy or breakable items low
Keep exit routes clear
Avoid excess clutter/trash in and near house
Secure mobile home foundation
Secure hanging items
Safely store poisonous or hazardous items
Ensure utility connections are in good shape
Check for fire hazards
Monthly
♦ Check smoke detectors
Every Six Months
♦ Review and practice disaster plan with family
♦ Conduct fire drills
♦ Replace batteries, clean smoke detectors
♦ Replace food and water in supply kit
Annually
♦ Check if fire extinguisher is fully charged
♦ Conduct a home hazards hunt
Schedule
Practice Plan
prepare your disaster plan
Sanitation Items
Personal hygiene items,
plastic garbage bags and
ties, bucket w/lid, disinfectant, bleach
Special Items
Baby needs, extra eyeglasses,
cash or travellers checks,
books & games
Clothing & Bedding
Tools
One change of clothing
Flashlight & radio with extra
batteries, NOAA weather
and footwear per person;
radio, hand can opener, ABC
blankets or sleeping bags
type fire extinguisher, wrench,
signal flare, duct tape
♦ Develop a response to each hazard identified in the
“Identify Hazards” section
♦ Develop a list of emergency numbers, including someone
out-of-town that you can contact following a disaster
Teach children when and how to use these numbers
♦ Establish a meeting place immediately outside your home, as
well as an out-of-area destination in case you cannot return
home immediately
Assemble a disaster supplies kit
Conduct a “home-hazard hunt”
Learn when and how to shut off water, gas and electricity
Install smoke detectors on each level of your home
Know two ways out of every room
Incorporate any special needs for the elderly or disabled
Plan how to care for pets following a disaster
Points to remember
Create Plan
prepare your disaster plan
The key to surviving a disaster is to
calmly, yet quickly execute the specific
plan for the disaster you are experiencing.
If disaster strikes ♦
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Remain calm and patient
Put your disaster plan into action
Provide assistance to those with special
needs, in accordance with your plan
Check for injuries
Listen to local news for information
and instruction
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Take immediate shelter if a warning is issued
Go to basement or internal hallway
Avoid windows, glass or potential flying objects
Leave windows closed
Hang onto a heavy object with one hand
Use the other hand to protect face and neck
Only fight small fires not in danger of blocking exit
Use back of hand to check if doors are hot
Crawl under smoke
If trapped, close door, hang a sheet from the window
Meet at your designated spot
Never re-enter a burning building
Call 911 from a neighbor’s house
Quick Reference: for some potential Ohio hazards
Fire
Tornado
Flood
Listen to news for instructions: FOLLOW THEM
Prepare to evacuate and/or use disaster supply kit
Stay away from victims until threat is identified
Stay upwind, take shallow breaths through a towel
Avoid possible contaminated food, water and areas
♦ During a WATCH, prepare to evacuate
♦ During a WARNING, evacuate immediately using
primary or alternate evacuation route
♦ Fill bathtub with water in case of contamination
♦ Avoid flood waters and areas prone to flooding
♦ Shut off LP tanks at source
Chemical ♦
Release/ ♦
Biological ♦
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Event
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After the Disaster
After
The emotions following a disaster can be
devastating. It is crucial to the safety of
your family to remain calm, listen for and
then follow official instructions.
♦ Follow plan for specific disaster
♦ Listen to news reports for information and instruction
♦ Assess condition of house, using a flashlight, not an
open flame
♦ Smell for gas leaks, starting with water heater
♦ Shut off any damaged utilities
♦ Clean up any hazardous or flammable spills
♦ Treat injuries
♦ Notify local and out-of-town contacts, then only use
phone to report life-threatening emergencies
♦ Document damage for insurance claims
“Shelter in Place”
Bob Taft, Governor
Kenneth L. Morckel, Director
Ohio Department of Public Safety
Chair, State of Ohio Security Task Force
State of Ohio Security Task Force
In some emergencies, particularly with
chemical, biological or terrorist incidents, local
officials may advise you to “shelter in place.” If
this is the case, gather your family and supply kit
inside. Use a towel or damp cloth to provide
some breathing protection. Close all windows
and doors and fireplace dampers. Shut off all
fans and heating and air conditioning systems.
Unless otherwise directed, move to an interior
room above ground level and seal any window
and door cracks and vents with duct tape. Wait
for instructions from authorities.
414022 2/03
State of Ohio
After the Disaster
During Disaster
Practice Plan
Create Plan
Identify Hazards
Family Disaster
Preparedness Guide
Fire
Flood
Tornado
Terrorism
Disasters--natural and manmade-- pose a potential threat to
our communities and our
families. How you prepare for
and respond to these disasters
directly affects you and your
family’s chance for survival.
This guide provides an overview
on what you can do to protect
your family from potential
disasters.
Remember
Family Contact
local:___________________
Non-local:______________
Meeting Place (location)
Outside House:__________________
Outside Neighborhood:___________
Preparation = Survival
Emergency Numbers
Fire:______________
Police:____________
Hospital:__________
Poison: 1-800-222-1222
or:_____________
Prepare
Execute
During Disaster
executing your disaster plan
executing your disaster plan