(FM8) SEMCON JLR OWNER GUIDE VER 1.00 EURO LANGUAGE: english-en; MARQUE: landrover; MODEL: Range Rover 11MY R Fluid level checks ENGINE OIL CHECK Fluid level checks Check the engine oil weekly. If any significant or sudden drop in oil level is noted, seek qualified assistance. If the message OIL PRESSURE LOW is displayed, stop the engine as soon as it is safe to do so and seek qualified assistance. Do not start the engine until the cause has been rectified. • The engine has been switched off for 15 minutes to allow the oil to drain back into the sump. Do not start the engine. An accurate check will not be possible until the oil level has stabilised. 3.6L DIESEL ENGINE The oil level can then be checked as follows: 1. Withdraw the dipstick and wipe the blade clean with a lint free cloth. 2. Fully re-insert the dipstick and withdraw again to check the oil level. Never allow the oil level to fall below the lower mark or notch on the dipstick. As a general guide, if the level on the dipstick: • Is nearer to the upper mark, add no oil. • Is nearer to the lower mark, add half a litre (one pint) of oil. • Is at or below the lower mark, add 1 litre (1.75 pints) of oil and re-check the level after a further 5 minutes. 1. 3.6L V8 diesel engine dipstick PETROL ENGINES AND 4.4L DIESEL ENGINE A. Lower mark. The oil level can then be checked as follows: B. Upper mark. 1. Switch on the ignition (do not start the engine). 2. Petrol engines and 4.4L diesel engine oil level display. OIL CHECK PREPARATION Prior to checking the oil level ensure that: • The vehicle is on level ground. • The engine oil is cold (3.6L diesel engine only). • The engine oil is hot and at working temperature (petrol engines and 4.4L diesel engine only). 2. Ensure Park (P) is selected. 3. Select the Service menu using the driver information menu control. 4. Select Oil level display from the Service menu. The current oil level status and topping-up advice is displayed in the instrument panel. 5. Top-up as instructed Messages to the right of the gauge advise of any action you may need to take. 213 (FM8) SEMCON JLR OWNER GUIDE VER 1.00 EURO LANGUAGE: english-en; MARQUE: landrover; MODEL: Range Rover 11MY L Fluid level checks If the oil level is within the required operating range, the message Engine Oil Level OK will be displayed. Do not add any additional oil to the engine. If the oil level is below the required operating range, a message advising you how much oil to add will be displayed (e.g. Add 0.5 Litre). Add the recommended quantity of oil. If the message Engine Oil Level Overfilled is displayed, seek qualified assistance immediately. Do not drive the vehicle as this will cause serious damage to the engine. If the message Engine Oil Level Underfilled is displayed, add 2 litres (3.5 pints) of oil, then recheck the level after 10 minutes. If the message Engine Oil Level Not Available is displayed, the oil level is stabilising. Switch off the ignition, wait 10 minutes, then recheck the oil level display. If the warning message ENGINE OIL LEVEL MONITOR SYSTEM FAULT is displayed, seek qualified assistance. TOPPING UP THE OIL Your vehicle warranty may be invalidated if damage is caused by using oil that does not meet the required specification. Failure to use an oil that meets the required specification could cause excessive engine wear, a build up of sludge and deposits, and increase pollution. It could also lead to engine failure. Overfilling with oil could result in severe engine damage. Oil should be added in small quantities and the level re-checked to ensure that the engine is not overfilled. 1. Remove the oil filler cap. 214 2. Add oil as determined in the oil check process. 3. Clean up any oil spilled during topping-up. 4. Check the oil level again after 10 minutes (Petrol engines) or after 5 minutes (Diesel engines). It is essential to use the correct specification oil for the conditions in which the vehicle is to be operated. Note: The approximate quantity of oil required to raise the level from MIN to MAX on the dipstick is 2 litres (3.5 pints) for all models. ENGINE OIL SPECIFICATION It is important that the correct oil specification is used. Vehicles fitted with a diesel particulate filter (DPF) must use the specified oils otherwise significant engine damage will occur. Specified oils ensure that the life of the DPF is maximised. When a new vehicle is sold into markets where the diesel fuel has a high level of sulphur content, a DPF is not fitted and alternative oils are specified. See SULPHUR CONTENT, 193. Use of incorrect oils will result in serious engine damage. Land Rover recommends Castrol oils. See LUBRICANTS AND FLUIDS, 219. (FM8) SEMCON JLR OWNER GUIDE VER 1.00 EURO LANGUAGE: english-en; MARQUE: landrover; MODEL: Range Rover 11MY R Fluid level checks COOLANT LEVEL CHECK Running the engine without coolant will cause serious engine damage. The coolant level in the expansion tank should be checked at least weekly (more frequently in high mileage or arduous operating conditions). Always check the level when the system is cold. Ensure the coolant level remains between the COLD FILL RANGE indicator marks located on the side of the expansion tank. Ignore any coolant visible in the top section of the tank If the level has dropped suddenly, or by a large amount, arrange for the vehicle to be examined by a qualified technician as soon as possible. Avoid spilling antifreeze onto a hot engine - a fire may result. Unscrew the filler cap slowly, allowing the pressure to escape before removing completely. When travelling in territories where the water supply contains salt, always ensure you carry a supply of fresh (rain or distilled) water. Topping up with salt water will cause serious engine damage. Top-up to the upper level indicator mark of the COLD FILL RANGE located on the side of the expansion tank. Use only a 50% mix of water and Castrol SF antifreeze. In an emergency - and only if the approved antifreeze is unavailable - top-up the cooling system with clean water, but be aware of the resultant reduction in frost protection. Do not top-up or refill with conventional antifreeze formulations. If in doubt consult a qualified technician. Ensure the cap is tightened fully after top-up is completed by turning the cap until the ratchet cap clicks. ANTIFREEZE Antifreeze is poisonous and can be fatal if swallowed - keep containers sealed and out of the reach of children. If accidental consumption is suspected, seek medical attention immediately. TOPPING UP THE COOLANT Never remove the filler cap when the engine is hot - escaping steam or scalding water could cause serious personal injury. If the fluid comes into contact with the skin or eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water. The use of non-approved antifreeze will have an adverse effect on the engine cooling system and therefore engine durability. 215 (FM8) SEMCON JLR OWNER GUIDE VER 1.00 EURO LANGUAGE: english-en; MARQUE: landrover; MODEL: Range Rover 11MY L Fluid level checks Antifreeze will damage painted surfaces; soak up any spillage with an absorbent cloth immediately and wash the area with a mixture of car shampoo and water. Antifreeze contains important corrosion inhibitors. The antifreeze content of the coolant must be maintained at 50% ± 5% all year round (not just in cold conditions). To ensure that the anti-corrosion properties of the coolant are retained, the antifreeze content should be checked once a year and completely renewed every ten years, regardless of distance travelled. Failure to do so may cause corrosion of the radiator and engine components. If the quantity of fluid in the brake reservoir drops below the recommended level, a red warning lamp in the instrument pack will illuminate. Note: If the warning lamp illuminates while the vehicle is being driven, stop the vehicle as soon as safety permits by gently applying the brakes. Check and top-up the fluid level if necessary. With the vehicle on level ground, check the fluid level at least every week (more frequently in high mileage or arduous operating conditions). The specific gravity of a 50% antifreeze solution at 20°C (68°F) is 1.068 and protects against frost down to -40°C (-40°F). BRAKE FLUID CHECK Seek qualified assistance immediately if brake pedal travel is unusually long or if there is any significant loss of brake fluid. Driving under such conditions could result in extended stopping distances or complete brake failure. Brake fluid is highly toxic - keep containers sealed and out of the reach of children. If accidental consumption of fluid is suspected, seek medical attention immediately. If the fluid comes into contact with the skin or eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water. Take care not to spill the fluid onto a hot engine - a fire may result. Do not drive the vehicle with the fluid level below the MIN mark. 216 Look at the fluid level through the side of the transparent reservoir without removing the filler cap. The brake fluid must be between the MAX and MIN marks. TOPPING UP THE BRAKE FLUID Brake fluid will damage painted surfaces. Soak up any spillage with an absorbent cloth immediately and wash the area with a mixture of car shampoo and water. (FM8) SEMCON JLR OWNER GUIDE VER 1.00 EURO LANGUAGE: english-en; MARQUE: landrover; MODEL: Range Rover 11MY R Fluid level checks Only use new fluid from an airtight container (fluid from opened containers or fluid previously bled from the system will have absorbed moisture, which will adversely affect performance, and must not be used). 1. Clean the filler cap before removing to prevent dirt from entering the reservoir. 2. Remove the filler cap. 3. Top-up the reservoir to at least the minimum mark using Shell DOT4 ESL brake fluid. If Shell DOT4 ESL is not available, a low viscosity DOT4 brake fluid that meets ISO 4925 class 6 and Land Rover LRES22BF03 requirements may be used. If fluid loss is slow, the reservoir may be topped-up to the upper level mark to enable the vehicle to be driven to a repair facility for examination. However, it is recommended that you seek qualified assistance before driving the vehicle. Check and top-up the fluid with the vehicle on level ground, engine switched off, and the system cold. Ensure that the steering wheel is not turned after stopping the engine. Do not top-up the brake fluid to the maximum mark unless the brake pads have been replaced. If unsure seek qualified assistance. 4. Replace the cap and reservoir cover. POWER STEERING FLUID CHECK Power steering fluid is highly toxic. Keep containers sealed and out of reach of children. If accidental consumption of fluid is suspected, seek medical attention immediately. If the fluid comes into contact with the skin or eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water. Do not start the engine if the fluid level has dropped below the MIN mark. Severe damage to the steering pump could result. Seek qualified assistance immediately if there is a noticeable drop in the fluid level. Severe damage to the steering pump could result. The level of fluid can be seen through the translucent body of the reservoir. The fluid level should be between the MIN and the MAX marks. TOPPING UP THE STEERING FLUID Power steering fluid will damage painted surfaces. Soak up any spillage with an absorbent cloth immediately and wash the area with a mixture of car shampoo and water. 217 (FM8) SEMCON JLR OWNER GUIDE VER 1.00 EURO LANGUAGE: english-en; MARQUE: landrover; MODEL: Range Rover 11MY L Fluid level checks Do not fill the reservoir above the MAX mark. 1. Clean the filler cap before removing to prevent dirt from entering the reservoir. 2. Remove filler cap. 3. Using Texaco Cold Climate PSF fluid 14315, top up the reservoir until the fluid level is between the MIN and MAX marks. 4. Replace filler cap. TOPPING UP THE WASHER FLUID The washer reservoir supplies both front and rear screen washer jets and headlamp washer jets. Check and top-up the reservoir level at least every week. Always top-up with screen washer fluid to prevent freezing. Operate the washer switches periodically to check that the nozzles are clear and properly directed. WASHER FLUID CHECK Some screen washer products are inflammable, particularly if high or undiluted concentrations are exposed to sparking. Do not allow screen washer fluid to come into contact with naked flames or sources of ignition. If the vehicle is operated in temperatures below 4°C (40°F), use a washer fluid with frost protection. In cold weather, failure to use a washer fluid with frost protection, could result in impaired vision and increase the risk of a vehicle crash. Do not use an antifreeze or vinegar/water solution in the washer reservoir - antifreeze will damage painted surfaces, while vinegar can damage the windscreen washer pump. Body panels may suffer discolouration as a result of screen washer fluid spillage. Take care to avoid spillage, particularly if an undiluted or high concentration is being used. If spillage occurs, wash the affected area immediately with water. 218 1. Clean the filler cap before removing to prevent dirt from entering the reservoir. 2. Remove filler cap. 3. Top-up the reservoir until the fluid is visible in the filler neck. 4. Replace filler cap.