CAMPUS HOUSING Fire Safety - Yale Housing

CAMPUS HOUSING
FIRE SAFETY BOOKLET
IN CASE OF EMERGENCY
DIAL 911
To:
Yale Housing Residents
IN CASE OF FIRE -REMEMBER- TIME IS PRECIOUS.
Immediate action is necessary to avoid being trapped by fire, smoke or heat.
It is a rare person who goes through life without being faced by a fire or other emergency. If you are faced with
such an emergency while at Yale University, the “pre-planning” you do now will prepare you to cope with it
successfully.
New Haven and Yale University emergency services are constantly on the alert to come to your aid when
necessary, but seconds can mean the difference between life and death, and YOU must do your part.
TO REPORT A FIRE OR EMERGENCY:
1. Use the nearest Fire Alarm Pull Station.
2. Dial 911 when not in a university building.
Dial 111 when in a university building.
3. Say, “I want to report an emergency.”
4. Give your name, location of the emergency, and the type of emergency. Speak slowly and distinctly.
5. Wait to answer any questions. Do not hang up until you are sure you have been told to do so by the operator.
Note: If for any reason you do not have ready access to a phone, use the nearest Yale Police/ Emergency phone,
and then wait there to direct the emergency responders.
Familiarize yourself with the nearest fire alarm pull station, as well as where the nearest Fire-Police
Emergency Phone Box is located.
PREPLANNING FOR A FIRE EMERGENCY AND FOR YOUR ESCAPE IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY. If you
are caught completely unprepared in a crisis, a MENTAL SHORT CIRCUIT can strike you. It is no wonder that
people panic and do irrational things when faced with conditions such as fire, heat, and smoke. With proper training
and effective preplanning for a crisis, personal panic is preventable. Make sure that you are aware of the location of
the pull stations and fire extinguishers in your building.
UPON DISCOVERING A FIRE OR SMELLING SMOKE: Alert all the occupants of the building by any and all
means available to you. If pull stations are located in the building, activate it at once and order everyone to evacuate
the building. Make an effort to extinguish the fire if you have caught the fire in its beginning stages. Furthermore,
make sure that you have a clear and unobstructed path of escape that is not blocked by the fire and your back is
always towards the exit. Make sure that before any attempt is made to combat the fire, the fire department is
notified. Fire conditions can change rapidly and become something that only the fire department can handle, so
make sure that your personal safety is always maintained.
IN THE EVENT OF AN ALARM: All occupants of the building are to evacuate the building by using the nearest
stairwell. The elevators are not to be used during a fire alarm or smoke/fire condition. The entire building is to be
evacuated 100% on alarm with no exception. When evacuating a building remember to take your room key with
you. When you are leaving the building remember to stand clear of the building. Follow all directions of Police and
fire fighters. Do not reenter the building until you are told to do so by either the fire department or the police
department.
When an emergency situation happens in a building the R.A.C.E Protocols are a simple acronym that can be used
to guide you in steps that are to be done during an emergency. R.A.C.E. stands for RESCUE, ALARM,
CONFINE, and EXTINGUISH.
RESCUE: Injured visitors, co-workers, students and staff must be rapidly rescued from the immediate area of the
fire/ smoke condition. However, make sure that you are not putting yourself in danger. If a co-worker or you are
on fire remember to Stop, Drop, and Roll.
ALARM: At the sight of flames or smoke, immediately activate the fire alarm pull station.
CONFINE: Fire, smoke, and toxic gases must be confined to the area
of fire origin, as much as possible. Closing doors behind you as you leave can do this.
EXTINGUISH: If at all possible, staff should make an attempt to extinguish the fire with a hand-held fire
extinguisher. However, that person must make sure that his/her safety and well-being is maintained at all times.
Make sure you have a way out.
IF YOU SMELL SMOKE, DO NOT fling your door open to investigate. Heated gases and suffocating smoke may
be on the other side of the door. If the door feels hot to the touch do not open the door.
If the door feels cool to the touch, cautiously open it with your body braced solidly against it, ready to close it
quickly if conditions are not tenable. With one hand on the knob, hold the other hand over the
door opening to detect any heat. Keep your head to one side to avoid inhaling a blast of in rushing heated air,
which could be fatal.
If it is safe, proceed but remember to close all doors behind you.
Because heat and toxic gases rise, in traversing hot or smoky areas you should crouch or crawl along on the floor to
avoid the dangerous atmosphere. Take short breaths, breathing through your nose and avoiding large breaths of
smoke. Cover your face with a cloth, preferably damp, to help filter the smoke. A wool blanket will protect the
skin from heat.
IF FIRE OR SMOKE BLOCKS YOUR NORMAL PATH OF EGRESS TO THE OUTSIDE, use an alternate
escape route, to another staircase.
Familiarize yourself with the normal and alternate exits and actually traverse these routes personally at regular
intervals to ensure that you have preplanned for an emergency. If conditions prevent your safe travel from the
upper floors through normal and alternate escape routes and you are trapped in your lab, office, or room, close the
door and seal up the cracks around the door with a rug or some other suitable wet clothing. The door can hold back
killing heat and smoke for a considerable time. You may rest assured that if a fire or emergency occurs that the
New Haven Fire Department and Yale University Police Department, as well as, the Yale University Fire
Marshal’s office will respond and mitigate the emergency. Call 911 to advise them of your condition and location.
In the event of a fire or use of a fire extinguisher, the Yale University Fire Marshal’s Office or the Yale Housing
Office needs to be notified as soon as possible.
FIRE PREVENTION is of the greatest importance in saving life and property. Previous experience with fires at
Yale University reflects that the principle causes are preventable, such as the following;
1. ELECTRICAL DEFICIENCIES
§ Makeshift wiring
§ Space heaters
§ Damaged cords, plugs or switches
§ Extension cords lacking proper capacity for the rating of the appliance.
§ Loose connections/ Corroded connections
§ Computer monitors left on at night
§ Broken or defective appliances
§ Unprotected light bulbs
§ Equipment left on
§ Overloaded circuits
§ Oversized bulbs and halogen lamps
§ Frayed, broken, or brittle insulation on electrical
§ Cords
§ Cords under rugs
§ Forgotten coffee maker or other heating or cooking appliance
2. COOKING
• Never leave cooking unattended.
• Keep cooking areas clear of combustibles.
• If grease catches fire in a pan, slide a lid over the pan to smother the flames and turn the
heat source off.
• Enforce a kid free zone of 3 feet around your stove
3. HOUSE KEEPING
§ Disregard for good housekeeping practices
§ Accumulation of combustible trash and rubbish and storage in other then approved
containers and locations
§ Careless use and storage of flammable liquids
§ Unapproved storage of flammable liquids
§ Appliances, including refrigerators
4. PATH OF EGRESS
• Obstructed exits, corridors, and passageways (furniture, bicycles, equipment, storage,
etc.)
• Stairwell that are used as storage areas
• Wedged open doors, including stairwell doors and lab doors
5. FIRE WORKS
• The use of any fireworks on University property is strictly prohibited. This includes
such items as sparklers, whistler, fountains, etc.
DO NOT GIVE A FIRE A PLACE TO START!
Lives and Property Are Not Lost In A Fire That Does Not Happen!
FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT
Tampering with the fire protection systems so as to activate an alarm when there is no fire is a dangerous practice.
Sending a false alarm by any means is not only a violation of the law but also the consequences of such an act
could be disastrous.
KNOW YOUR FIRE EXTIGUISHERS
Fires are broken up into four basic classifications depending upon what type of fuel is burning. When the
classifications are used to rate fire extinguishers they describe what the fire extinguisher can and cannot be used
for.
Types of fires:
Class A fires involve ordinary combustibles such as wood, paper, household rubbish, trash, cloth, rubber,
furniture, and many plastics.
Class B fires involve flammable and combustible liquids- oils, cooking oil, greases, tars, oil based paint,
and lab chemicals.
Class C fires involve electrical equipment such as, household
appliances, televisions, computer equipment, electrical equipment, house wiring, extension cords, power
strips, fuse boxes, lab equipment, and circuit breakers. The class C rating for a fire extinguisher tells
someone that the extinguisher can be used on live electrical equipment without receiving an electrical
shock. (Note: If electrical equipment involved in a fire is not energized [unplugged] the fire then becomes
a class A or class B fire).
Class D fires involve combustible metals, magnesium, potassium, sodium, titanium, etc. These types of
fires are most likely to occur in an industrial setting, and virtually no portable extinguisher sold for
common use is designed to fight class D fires. A special fire extinguisher is required.
University buildings have two basic types of portable fire extinguishers:
1. Multi-purpose ABC dry chemical units, which are good for all types of fires including ordinary trash,
flammable liquids, grease, oil, and electrical equipment.
2. Carbon Dioxide, Class BC units which can be used for
Flammable Liquids fires such as alcohol, as well
as, electrical equipment fires. These types of extinguishers are not effective on class A fires, and
limited to only small fires
Are you familiar with the fire extinguishers in the building? The word to remember is P.A.S.S., which stands for
PULL, AIM, SQUEEZE, and SWEEP.
PULL: Pull the safety ring/ pin at the top of the unit.
AIM: Aim the discharge horn or the hose at the base of the
Fire. Do not aim the hose at the top of the fire, it is not effective.
SQUEEZE: Squeeze the handles of the fire extinguisher
together and discharge the agent.
SWEEP: Sweep the agent side to side at the base of the fire to
cover what is burning. Continue to apply the agent until the extinguisher is empty and the fire is out.
Training provided on request.
This booklet is a set of guidelines in order to assure that every member of the Yale University Community works
and lives in as safe a work environment as possible. If you have any questions or comments or would like to
schedule a fire safety class, please call the Yale University Office of the Fire Marshal 432-9923. If we are not in
the office please leave a message and we will return your call as soon as possible.
Smoke Detectors: Smoke detection has been installed in all sleeping areas. These units have been installed to
SAVE YOUR LIFE! It is your responsibility to test them monthly. If they do not work properly notify your
building manager immediately. Tampering with or disabling these devices is a crime. If they seem to go off
accidentally or are beeping notify Yale Housing.
CARBON MONOXIDE
Carbon Monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless gas that is produced as a byproduct of incomplete combustion of
fossil fuels such as fuel oil or natural gas. Exposure to large amounts of CO is dangerous to humans.
In an effort to protect you and your family from CO the University has installed CO detection in your building
and/or apartment depending on where the furnace is located. If there is a CO detector in your apartment it looks
similar to a smoke detector but says Carbon Monoxide detector on the unit. In an alarm condition, it will alert and
sound similar to a smoke detector beeping steadily or may have a recorded message that says “Danger. Carbon
Monoxide Alarm”
If the detector goes off, call 911 and leave the building, taking your keys with you. Wait in the front of the building
for emergency personnel and advise them as to the location of the alarm.
Carbon Monoxide can affect you any time of year. Do not operate grills (gas or charcoal) or run your car near the
building with the windows open. Never operate or store gas powered equipment in the building.
If you have any questions concerning CO or your detectors please call the Yale Fire Compliance Office at 432-9923
and someone will assist you.
BE ALERT!
BE OBSERVANT!
BE CAREFUL!