September 2005 • E-4024
TECHNICAL DATA / COLOR TRANSPARENCY FILM
KODAK PROFESSIONAL
EKTACHROME Films E100G and
E100GX
Grain as Fine as Your Art.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Films E100G
and E100GX are the next generation of color transparency
films. Both films deliver extremely fine grain (rms 8), a
lower D-min for whiter, brighter whites, and an improved
tone scale. These films feature the latest advancements in
Kodak’s Color Amplifying Technology and KODAK
T-GRAIN® Emulsion Technology to capture light more
efficiently.
EKTACHROME E100G Film offers moderately
enhanced color saturation with a neutral color balance.
EKTACHROME 100GX Film also features moderately
enhanced color saturation, but with a warm balance (the "X"
is for warm).
Both films produce exceptional results for advertising,
fashion, editorial, architecture, nature/wildlife, and other
commercial applications.
These films are designed for exposure with daylight or
electronic flash.
FEATURES
SIZES AVAILABLE
Sizes and catalog numbers may differ from country to
country. See your dealer who supplies KODAK
PROFESSIONAL Products.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film E100G
Rolls
*
• Extremely fine grain
• Remarkably detailed scans
• Greater enlargements
• Lower D-min
• Whiter, brighter whites
• Lower contrast tone scale
• Extended tonal range from
highlights to shadows
• Improved highlight and
shadow detail
• Outstanding reciprocity
• Image archivability
*
• Dark storage image stability
of at least 80 years*
• Images can be accessed for
further use many years into
the future
In storage conditions of 10°C (50°F) and 15-20% relative humidity.
©Eastman Kodak Company, 2003
E100G
E100G / SP404*
120
E100G
220
E100G
3.9-mil
(0.10 mm)
Perforated on both edges.
4 x 5 in.
E100G
8 x 10 in.
E100G
ESTAR
Thick Base
7-mil
(0.18 mm)
KODAK PROFESSIONAL READYLOAD Single-Sheet Packet*
4x5
E100G
7-mil
(0.18 mm)
For best results use with the KODAK PROFESSIONAL READYLOAD
Single-Sheet Packet Film Holder, CAT No. 893 7542.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film E100GX
Rolls
• Pleasing, natural skin tone
reproduction
• Consistent gray scale
rendition throughout tonal
range
• No speed or color
compensation required for
exposures from 1/10,000 to
10 seconds
5-mil
(0.13 mm)
135-36
35 mm x 100 ft
Film Code
*
• Matched color records for
a neutral tone scale
Acetate Base
Sheets
BENEFITS
• High efficiency T-GRAIN
Emulsion Technology
Code / Spec No.
*
Code /
Spec No.
Acetate Base
5-mil
(0.13 mm)
135-36
E100GX
35 mm x 100 ft
E100GX / SP404*
120
E100GX
220
E100GX
Perforated on both edges.
3.9-mil
(0.10 mm)
STORAGE AND HANDLING
Electronic Flash
Load and unload film in subdued light.
Store unexposed film in a refrigerator at 13°C (55°F) or
lower in the original sealed package. To avoid moisture
condensation on film that has been refrigerated, allow the
film to warm up to room temperature before opening the
package. Process film as soon as possible after exposure.
Protect processed film from strong light, and store it in a
cool, dry place. For more information on storing
transparencies, see KODAK Publication No. E-30, Storage
and Care of KODAK Photographic Materials—Before and
After Processing.
Use the appropriate guide number in the table below as a
starting point for your equipment. First select the unit output
closest to the number given by your flash manufacturer, then
find the guide number for feet or metres. To determine the
lens opening, divide the guide number by the flash-to-subject
distance. If transparencies are consistently too thin
(overexposed), use a higher guide number; if they are too
dense (underexposed), use a lower number.
Unit Output
(BCPS)*
Guide Number
Distance in
Feet
Distance in
Metres
350
40
12
DARKROOM RECOMMENDATIONS
500
50
15
Do not use a safelight. Handle unprocessed film in total
darkness.
700
60
18
1000
70
21
1400
85
26
EXPOSURE
2000
100
30
Use the exposure index (EI) numbers below with meters and
cameras marked for ISO or ASA speeds or exposure indexes.
Do not change the film-speed setting when metering through
a filter. Metering through filters may affect light meter
accuracy; see your meter or camera manual for specific
information. For critical work, make a series of test
exposures.
2800
120
36
4000
140
42
5600
170
50
8000
200
60
Light Source
KODAK
WRATTEN
Gelatin Filter
Exposure
Index
Daylight or Electronic Flash
None
100
Photo lamp (3400 K)
80B
32
Tungsten (3200 K)
80A
25
Lens
Opening
Bright/hazy sun on sand or snow
1/125
f/22
Bright or hazy sun, distinct shadows
1/125
f/16*
Weak, hazy sun, soft shadows
1/125
f/11
Cloudy bright, no shadows
1/125
f/8
Heavy overcast, open shade†
1/125
f/5.6
*
†
Multiple Exposure with Electronic Flash
No filter corrections or exposure adjustments are required
for the effects of multiple, consecutive flashes (multipops)
up to 4 flashes. For 8 flashes, add CC05M filtration.
No filter correction or exposure compensation is required for
exposure times from 1/10,000 to 10 seconds. At exposure
times of 120 seconds, add CC10R filtration.
Use the exposures in the table below for average frontlit
subjects from 2 hours after sunrise to 2 hours before sunset.
Shutter
Speed
(second)
BCPS = beam candlepower seconds
Adjustments for Long and Short Exposures
Daylight
Lighting Conditions
*
Note: This information applies only when the films are
exposed to daylight. The data are based on average
emulsions rounded to the nearest 1/3 stop and assume
normal, recommended processing. Use the data only as a
guide. For critical applications, make tests under your
conditions.
Use f/8 for backlit close-up subjects.
Subject shaded from the sun but lit by a large area of clear sky
2
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Films E100G and E100GX • E-4024
Fluorescent and High-Intensity Discharge
Lamps
PROCESSING
Use the color-compensating filters and exposure adjustments
below as starting points to expose these films under
fluorescent or high-intensity discharge lamps. For critical
applications, make a series of test exposures under your
actual conditions.
To avoid the brightness and color variations that occur
during a single alternating-current cycle, use exposure times
of 1/60 second or longer with fluorescent lamps; with
high-intensity discharge lamps, use exposure times of
1/125 second or longer.
Process E100G and E100GX Films in KODAK Chemicals,
Process E-6.
For consistent processing of these and all other
EKTACHROME Films, use a lab that is a member of the
KODAK Q-LAB Process Monitoring Service.
Fluorescent
Lamp
50R
+ 1 stop
White
40M
+ 2/3 stop
Warm White
20C + 40M
+ 1 stop
Warm White Deluxe
30B + 30C
+ 1 1/3 stops
Cool White
40M + 10Y
+ 1 stop
Cool White Deluxe
20C + 10M
+ 2/3 stop
30M
+ 2/3 stop
When the type of fluorescent lamp is unknown, try this filter and
exposure adjustment; color rendition may be less than optimum.
High-Intensity
Discharge Lamps
KODAK Color
Compensating
Filters
Exposure
Adjustment
General Electric Lucalox*
80B + 20C
+ 2 1/3 stop
General Electric
Multi-Vapor
20R + 20M
+ 2/3 stop
Deluxe White Mercury
30R + 30M
+ 1 1/3 stops
70R
+ 1 1/3 stops
Clear Mercury
*
Exposure
Adjustment
Daylight
Unknown Fluorescent*
*
KODAK Color
Compensating
Filters
This is a high-pressure sodium-vapor lamp. The information in the table
may not apply to other manufacturers’ high-pressure sodium-vapor
lamps due to differences in spectral characteristics.
Note: Consult the manufacturer of high-intensity lamps for
ozone ventilation requirements and safety information on
ultraviolet radiation.
Chemicals
Push Processing Characteristics
You can increase the effective speed (i.e., push) of E100G
and E100GX Films by adjusting the first developer time.
Increased film speed is useful under dim lighting conditions,
or when you need high shutter speeds to stop action or small
lens openings for increased depth of field. You can also use
a short push to slightly increase contrast, sharpen highlights,
or compensate for underexposure. By understanding these
effects in advance, you can use pushing creatively and
reliably.
Exposure for Push Processing
Labs that provide push processing usually offer the service
for fixed time increases (i.e. push 1/2 or push 1) in the first
developer. It is a good idea to make a series of test exposures
and then work with your lab to determine optimum exposure
settings. A recommended starting point for E100G or
E100GX Films is to underexpose by 1 stop (EI 200) for a
push 1 process (8 minutes in the first developer).
RETOUCHING
Use KODAK E-6 Transparency Retouching Dyes. You can
chemically retouch sheet and 120/220 formats of these films
on both the base and the emulsion side. Retouch only the
emulsion side on the 135 size.
For information on retouching equipment, supplies, and
techniques, see KODAK Publication No. E-68, Retouching
Transparencies on KODAK EKTACHROME Film.
Some primary color filters were used in the previous
tables to reduce the number of filters and keep the exposure
adjustment to a minimum. Red filters were substituted for
equivalent filtration in magenta and yellow. Blue filters were
substituted for equivalent filtration in cyan and magenta.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Films E100G and E100GX • E-4024
3
PRINTING TRANSPARENCIES
SCANNING TRANSPARENCIES
You can reproduce images made on E100G and E100GX
Films by using a variety of Kodak materials.
For Graphic Arts Applications
Duplicate Color Transparencies
For direct printing, use—
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME
Duplicating Film EDUPE
Color Prints
You can scan your image to a file and print digitally to—
KODAK PROFESSIONAL PORTRA, SUPRA, and
ULTRA ENDURA Papers
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Clear Digital
Display Material
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Transparency
Display Material
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Metallic Paper
4
The KODAK EKTACHROME Film family is characterized
by sets of image dyes that perform very similarly when
scanned. The scanner operator can set up one basic tone scale
and color-correction channel for all EKTACHROME Films,
and then optimize the tone scale and gray balance for the
requirements of individual images.
Use the KODAK Color Input Target / Q-60E1 (4 x 5–inch
transparency) or Q-60E3 (35 mm slide) to establish the setup
for KODAK EKTACHROME Films on all scanners. These
targets are manufactured to ANSI standards and represent
the dye sets of all EKTACHROME Films.
For Photo CD Applications
Use the Universal E-6 Film Term to scan all KODAK
EKTACHROME films for Photo CD Imaging Workstation
applications.
For output to a Photo CD Player: Using the Universal E-6
Film Term should result in an image that closely matches
your original transparency in density, tone scale, and overall
color balance when viewed on a player.
For output to Devices Other than Photo CD Players: The
YCC data that results when using the Universal E-6 Film
Term is capable of producing a high-quality duplicate of
your original transparency in terms of density, tone scale,
and color reproduction. Final quality of your reproduced
image depends on the capabilities of your output device, the
viewing environment, and the rendering path that is used.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Films E100G and E100GX • E-4024
CURVES
Diffuse rms Granularity* 8 (extremely fine)
*Read
at a gross diffuse visual density of 1.0, using a 48-micrometre
aperture.
Characteristic Curves
E100G Film
Spectral-Sensitivity Curves
E100G and E100GX Films
4.0
B
G
R
1.0
LOG SENSITIVITY*
DENSITY
3.0
2.0
Exposure: Daylight 1/100 second
Process: E-6
Densitometry: Status A
2.0
YellowForming
Layer
0.0
-1.0
Effective Exposure: 1/10 second
Process: E-6
Density: E.N.D. = 1.0
1.0
-2.0
250
-2.0
F009_0525AC
-1.0
0.0
1.0
LOG EXPOSURE (lux-seconds)
B
DIFFUSE SPECTRAL DENSITY*
R
1.0
500
550
600
650
700
750
1.2
Normalized Dyes to form a visual neutral density of 1.0
for a viewing illuminant of 5000 K
Process: E-6
1.0
0.8
Yellow
Cyan
Magenta
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0
400
F009_0524AC
450
2
1.4
2.0
0.0
-3.0
400
Spectral-Dye-Density Curves
E100G and E100GX Films
Exposure: Daylight 1/100 second
Process: E-6
Densitometry: Status A
G
DENSITY
350
*Sensitivity = reciprocal of exposure (erg/cm ) required
to produce specified density
F009_0526AC
Characteristic Curves
E100GX Film
3.0
300
WAVELENGTH (nm)
0.0
-3.0
4.0
CyanMagentaForming
Forming
Layer
Layer
500
600
700
WAVELENGTH (nm)
-2.0
-1.0
0.0
1.0
F009_0527AC
LOG EXPOSURE (lux-seconds)
NOTICE: The sensitometric curves and data in this publication represent product tested
under the conditions of exposure and processing specified. They are representative of
production coatings, and therefore do not apply directly to a particular box or roll of
photographic material. They do not represent standards or specifications that must be met
by Eastman Kodak Company. The company reserves the right to change and improve
product characteristics at any time.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Films E100G and E100GX • E-4024
5
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Films E100G and E100GX
MORE INFORMATION
Modulation-Transfer Curves
E100G and E100GX Films
Kodak has many publications to assist you with information
on Kodak products, equipment, and materials.
The following publications are available from Kodak
customer service, or from dealers who sell Kodak products,
or you can contact Kodak in your country for more
information.
200
100
70
50
B
RESPONSE (%)
30
E-8
KODAK EKTACHROME 64 Professional Film
E-130
KODAK EKTACHROME 64T Professional Film
E-27
KODAK EKTACHROME 100 Professional Film
7
5
E-163
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film
E100VS
3
E-113
KODAK EKTACHROME 100 Plus Professional Film
E-28
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film
E200
E-30
Storage and Care of KODAK Photographic
Materials—Before and After Processing
E103RF
KODAK PROFESSIONAL Color Reversal Films
E-144
KODAK EKTACHROME 160T Professional Film
E-145
KODAK EKTACHROME 320T Professional Film
E-147
KODAK EKTACHROME 1600 Professional Film
E-161
KODAK EKTACHROME 400X Professional Film
E-2529
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME
Duplicating Film EDUPE
Z-119
Using KODAK Chemicals, Process E-6
G
20
R
10
2
Process: E-6
1
1
2
3 4 5
10
20
50
100
200
600
SPATIAL FREQUENCY (cycles/mm)
F009_0523AC
For the latest version of technical support publications for
KODAK PROFESSIONAL Products, visit Kodak on-line at:
http://www.kodak.com/go/professional
If you have questions about KODAK PROFESSIONAL
Products, call Kodak.
In the U.S.A.:
1-800-242-2424, Ext. 19, Monday–Friday
9 a.m.–7 p.m. (Eastern time)
In Canada:
1-800-465-6325, Monday–Friday
8 a.m.–5 p.m. (Eastern time)
Note: The Kodak materials described in this publication for
use with KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME
Films E100G and E100GX are available from dealers who
supply KODAK PROFESSIONAL Products. You can use
other materials, but you may not obtain similar results.
EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
KODAK PROFESSIONAL
EKTACHROME Films E100G and
E100GX
KODAK Publication No. E-4024
Kodak, Kodak Professional, Edupe, Ektachrome, Endura, Estar,
Portra, Q-Lab, Readyload, Supra, T-Grain, Ultra, and Wratten
are trademarks.
Minor Revision 9-05
Printed in U.S.A.
September 2005 • E-163
TECHNICAL DATA / COLOR REVERSAL FILM
KODAK PROFESSIONAL
EKTACHROME Film E100VS
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film
E100VS is a daylight-balanced, transparency film designed
for KODAK Chemicals, Process E-6. This film features the
most vivid, saturated (“VS”) colors available today in a
100-speed transparency film, a result of Kodak’s proprietary
Color Amplifying Technology. This high color position is
achieved while maintaining a neutral gray scale.
E100VS Film also features KODAK T-GRAIN®
Emulsions for very fine grain and an unsurpassed level of
sharpness in a 100-speed film.
Intended for location and studio shooting, E100VS Film is
ideal for photographers who must create high-color
transparency images that spring to life on the light box. It’s
an appropriate choice for nature, scenics, wildlife, food,
jewelry, and any subjects that call for brilliant, dramatic
hues.
SIZES AVAILABLE
Sizes and catalog numbers may differ from country to country.
See your dealer who supplies KODAK PROFESSIONAL
Products.
Rolls
Film Code
Acetate Base
135-36
E100VS
35 mm x 100 ft
E100VS / SP404*
5-mil
(0.13 mm)
120
220
Film Code
Sheets
BENEFITS
4 x 5 in.
• Kodak’s proprietary color
amplifying technology
• Outstanding color intensity
• Neutral gray scale
• Images that come to life on a
light box
8 x 10 in.
• Exceptional sharpness
• Very fine grain
• ISO 100 speed
• More versatility in available
light
• Capture more salable images
• Superb reciprocity
• No compensation required for
exposures from
1/10,000 second to
10 seconds
©Eastman Kodak Company, 2003
3.9-mil
(0.10 mm)
* Perforated on both edges.
FEATURES
• KODAK T-GRAIN®
Emulsion technology
E100VS
ESTAR Thick Base
E100VS
7-mil
(0.18 mm)
KODAK PROFESSIONAL READYLOAD Single-Sheet Packet
4 x 5*
E100VS
7-mil
(0.18 mm)
* For best results use with the KODAK PROFESSIONAL READYLOAD
Single-Sheet Packet Film Holder, CAT No. 893 7542.
STORAGE AND HANDLING
Electronic Flash
Load and unload film in subdued light.
Store unexposed film in a refrigerator at 13°C (55°F) or
lower in the original sealed package. To avoid moisture
condensation on film that has been refrigerated, allow the
film to warm up to room temperature before opening the
package. Process film as soon as possible after exposure.
Protect processed film from strong light, and store them in
a cool, dry place. For more information on storing
transparencies, see KODAK Publication No. E-30, Storage
and Care of KODAK Photographic Materials—Before and
After Processing.
Use the appropriate guide number in the following table as a
starting point for your equipment. First select the unit output
closest to the number given by your flash manufacturer.
Then find the guide number for feet or metres. To determine
the lens opening, divide the guide number by the
flash-to-subject distance. If transparencies are consistently
too thin (overexposed), use a higher guide number; if they
are too dense (underexposed), use a lower number.
DARKROOM RECOMMENDATIONS
Do not use a safelight. Handle unprocessed film in total
darkness.
Unit Output
(BCPS)*
Guide Number
Distance in
Feet
Distance in
Metres
350
40
12
500
50
15
700
60
18
1000
70
21
1400
85
26
2000
100
30
Exposure Index Numbers
2800
120
36
Use the exposure index numbers below with cameras or light
meters marked for ISO or ASA speed or exposure indexes.
Do not change the film-speed setting when metering through
a filter. Metering through filters may affect meter accuracy;
see your meter or camera manual for specific information.
For critical work, make a series of test exposures.
4000
140
42
5600
170
50
8000
200
60
EXPOSURE
Light Source
KODAK WRATTEN
Gelatin Filter
Exposure
Index
Daylight or Electronic Flash
None
100
Photolamp (3400 K)
No. 80B
32
Tungsten (3200 K)
No. 80A
25
* BCPS = beam candlepower seconds
Multiple Exposures with Electronic Flash
No filter corrections or exposure adjustments are required
for up to 4 flashes (multipops).
Daylight
Use the exposures in the table below for average frontlit
subjects from 2 hours after sunrise to 2 hours before sunset.
Lighting Conditions
Shutter Speed
Lens
(second)
Opening
Bright, hazy sun on sand or snow
1/125
f/22
Bright, hazy sun, distinct shadows
1/125
f/16*
Weak, hazy sun, soft shadows
1/125
f/11
Cloudy bright, no shadows
1/125
f/8
1/125
f/5.6
Heavy overcast or open
shade†
* Use f/8 for backlit close-up subjects.
† Subjects shaded from sun but lit by large area of clear sky.
2
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film E100VS • E-163
Fluorescent and High-Intensity Discharge
Lamps
Use the color-compensating filters and exposure adjustments
below as starting points to expose this film under fluorescent
or high-intensity discharge lamps. For critical applications,
make a series of test exposures under your actual conditions.
To avoid the brightness and color variations that occur
during a single alternating-current cycle, use exposure times
of 1/60 second or longer with fluorescent lamps; with
high-intensity discharge lamps, use 1/125 second or longer.
Fluorescent Lamp
KODAK Color
Compensating
Filters
Exposure
Adjustment
Daylight
50R
+1 stop
White
40M
+2⁄3 stop
Warm White
20C + 40M
+1 stop
Warm White Deluxe
30B + 30C
+1 1⁄3 stops
Cool White
40M + 10Y
+1 stop
Cool White Deluxe
20C + 10M
+2⁄3 stop
30M
+2⁄3 stop
Unknown Fluorescent*
* When the type of fluorescent lamp is unknown, try this filter and
exposure adjustment; color rendition may be less than optimum.
Note: When you do not know the type of fluorescent lamps,
try a 30M filter and increase exposure by 2⁄3 stop; color
rendition will probably be less than optimum.
High-Intensity
Discharge Lamp
KODAK Color
Compensating Filters
Exposure
Adjustment
General Electric
Lucalox*
80B + 20C
+2 1⁄3 stops
General Electric
Multi-Vapor
20R + 20M
+2⁄3 stop
Deluxe White
Mercury
30R + 30M
+1 1⁄3 stops
Clear Mercury
70R
+1 1⁄3 stops
Adjustments for Long and Short Exposures
No filter correction or exposure compensation is required for
exposures from 1/10,000 to 10 seconds.
Note: This information applies only when the film is
exposed to daylight. The data are based on average
emulsions rounded to the nearest 1⁄3 stop and assume normal,
recommended processing. Use the data only as a guide. For
critical applications, make tests under your conditions.
PROCESSING
Process E100VS Film in KODAK Chemicals, Process E-6.
For consistent processing of this and all other
EKTACHROME Films, use a lab that is a member of the
KODAK Q-LAB Process Monitoring Service.
Note: KODAK PROFESSIONAL Film E100VS contains
special sensitizing and filter dyes that improve color
reproduction. Because these dyes are designed to rinse out of
the film during processing, they will change the color of the
first developer, the reversal bath, the final wash, and final
rinse. This solution discoloration is only cosmetic. It will not
affect the sensitometry or the quality of a Process E-6 film or
control material. However, the solutions will cause splicing
tape and processing equipment (rollers, racks, etc.) to have a
pinkish color. The pink dye residue can easily be washed off
processing equipment by following normal maintenance
procedures.
RETOUCHING TRANSPARENCIES
Use KODAK E-6 Transparency Retouching Dyes. You can
chemically retouch sheet and 120/220 formats of this film on
both the base and the emulsion side. Retouch only the
emulsion side on the 135 size.
For information on retouching equipment, supplies, and
techniques, see KODAK Publication No. E-68, Retouching
Transparencies on KODAK EKTACHROME Film.
* This is a high-pressure sodium-vapor lamp. The information here may
not apply to other manufacturers’ sodium-vapor lamps due to
differences in spectral characteristics.
Note: Consult the manufacturer of high-intensity lamps for
ozone ventilation requirements and safety information on
ultraviolet radiation.
Some primary color filters were used in the previous tables
to reduce the number of filters and keep the exposure
adjustment to a minimum. Red filters were substituted for
equivalent filtration in magenta and yellow. Blue filters were
substituted for equivalent filtration in cyan and magenta.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film E100VS • E-163
3
PRINTING TRANSPARENCIES
SCANNING TRANSPARENCIES
You can reproduce images made of E100VS Film by using a
variety of Kodak materials.
For Graphic Arts Applications
Duplicate Color Transparencies
For direct printing, use—
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME
Duplicating Film EDUPE
Color Prints
You can scan your image to a file and print digitally to—
KODAK PROFESSIONAL PORTRA, SUPRA, and
ULTRA ENDURA Papers
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Clear Display
Material
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Transparency
Display Material
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Metallic Paper
4
The KODAK EKTACHROME Film family is characterized
by sets of image dyes which perform very similarly when
scanned. The scanner operator can setup a basic tone scale
and color correction channel for EKTACHROME Films, and
then optimize the tone scale and gray balance for the
requirements of individual images.
Use the KODAK Color Input Target / Q-60E1 (4 x 5-inch
transparency) or Q-60E3A (35 mm slide) to establish the
setup for KODAK EKTACHROME Films on all scanners.
This target meets ANSI standards and represents the dye sets
of all EKTACHROME Films.
For Photo CD Applications
Use the Universal E-6 Film Term to scan all KODAK
EKTACHROME Films for KODAK PCD Imaging
Workstation applications.
For output to Photo CD player: Using the Universal E-6
Film Term should result in an image that closely matches
your original in density, tone scale, and overall color balance
when viewed on a player.
For output devices other than Photo CD players: The
YCC data that results when using the Universal E-6 Film
Term is capable of producing a high-quality duplicate of
your original in terms of density, tone scale, and color
reproduction. Final quality of your reproduced image
depends on the capabilities of your output device, the
viewing environment, and the rendering path used.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film E100VS • E-163
IMAGE STRUCTURE
Diffuse rms Granularity* 11 (very fine)
Spectral-Sensitivity Curves
* Read at a gross diffuse visual of 1.0, using a 48-micrometre aperture,
12X magnification.
2.0
Characteristic Curves
4.0
R
3.0
DENSITY
LOG SENSITIVITY *
B
G
YellowForming
Layer
1.0
Exposure: Daylight, 1/100 second
Process: E-6
Densitometry: Status A
CyanForming
Layer
MagentaForming
Layer
0.0
1.0
Exposure: 0.1 second
Process: E-6
Densitometry: 1.0
2.0
2.0
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
WAVELENGTH (nm)
1.0
2
*Sensitivity = reciprocal of exposure (ergs/cm ) required
to produce specified density
F002_0794AC
0.0
3.0
2.0
F002_0864AC
1.0
0.0
1.0
Modulation-Transfer Curves
LOG EXPOSURE (lux-seconds)
200
Spectral-Dye-Density Curves
100
70
50
Normalized dyes to form a visual neutral density of 1.0
for a viewing illuminant of 5000 K.
Process: E-6
1.5
Visual Neutral
B
30
RESPONSE (%)
DIFFUSE SPECTRAL DENSITY
2.0
1.0
20
G
10
R
7
5
3
2
Cyan
Yellow
1
Magenta
1
0.5
2
3 4 5
10
20
50
100
200
600
SPATIAL FREQUENCY (cycles/mm)
F002_0862AC
0.0
400
F002_0795AC
500
600
WAVELENGTH (nm)
700
NOTICE: The sensitometric curves and data in this
publication represent product tested under the conditions of
exposure and processing specified. They are representative
of production coatings, and therefore do not apply directly to
a particular box or roll of photographic material. They do not
represent standards or specifications that must be met by
Eastman Kodak Company. The company reserves the right
to change and improve product characteristics at any time.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film E100VS • E-163
5
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film E100VS
MORE INFORMATION
Kodak has many publications to assist you with information
on Kodak products, equipment, and materials.
The following publications are available from dealers who
sell Kodak products or you can contact Kodak in your
country for more information.
E-8
KODAK EKTACHROME 64 Professional Film
E-27
KODAK EKTACHROME 100 Professional Film
E-28
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film
E200
E-30
Storage and Care of KODAK Photographic
Materials—Before and After Processing
E-38
KODAK EKTACHROME Duplicating Films
(Process E-6)
E-68
Retouching Transparencies of KODAK
EKTACHROME Film
E-113
KODAK EKTACHROME 100 Plus Professional Film
E-130
KODAK EKTACHROME 64T Professional Film
E-144
KODAK EKTACHROME 160T Professional Film
E-145
KODAK EKTACHROME 320T Professional Film
E-147
KODAK EKTACHROME P1600 Professional Film
E-161
KODAK EKTACHROME 400X Professional Film
E-4024
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Films
E100G and E100GX
E-2519
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME
Duplicating Film EDUPE
Z-119
Using KODAK Chemicals, Process E-6
For the latest version of technical support publications for
KODAK PROFESSIONAL Products, visit Kodak on-line at:
http://www.kodak.com/go/professional
If you have questions about KODAK
PROFESSIONAL Products, call Kodak.
In the U.S.A.:
1-800-242-2424, Ext 19 Monday–Friday
9 a.m.–7 p.m. (Eastern time)
In Canada:
1-800-465-6325, Monday–Friday
8 a.m.–5 p.m. (Eastern time)
Note: The Kodak materials described in this publication for
use with KODAK EKTACHROME PROFESSIONAL
Film E100VS are available from dealers who supply
KODAK PROFESSIONAL Products. You can use other
materials, but you may not obtain similar results.
EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
KODAK PROFESSIONAL
EKTACHROME Film E100VS
KODAK Publication No. E-163
CAT 191 3599
Kodak, Kodak Professional, Ektachrome, Endura, Estar, Portra, Q-Lab, Supra, T-Grain,
Ultra, and Wratten are trademarks
Minor Revision 9-05
Printed in U.S.A.
September 2005 • E-28
TECHNICAL DATA / COLOR TRANSPARENCY FILM
KODAK PROFESSIONAL
EKTACHROME Film E200
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film E200 is a
daylight-balanced 200-speed color transparency film
designed for processing in KODAK Chemicals, Process E-6.
The film offers moderate contrast, along with excellent color
and image structure, making it the first high-speed color
transparency film with the “look” of a lower speed film. In
addition, E200 Film delivers outstanding push-processing
performance to an exposure index (EI) of 800 with only
minimal shifts in contrast and color balance.
E200 Film also features KODAK T-GRAIN® Emulsions
for extremely fine grain and very high sharpness, plus
improvements in reciprocity and manufacturing consistency.
The film is designed for exposure with daylight or
electronic flash. You can also expose it with tungsten
illumination (3200 K) or photolamps (3400 K) using filters.
Use E200 Film to produce color transparencies for
projection or viewing with 5000 K illumination. Duplicate
transparencies can be made by direct printing. To make color
prints, you can print transparencies onto color reversal paper.
Or make internegatives for printing onto color negative
paper. You can also scan transparencies for digital printing
and for graphic arts and photo CD applications.
FEATURES
BENEFITS
• Outstanding
push-processing
performance out to
EI 800
• Maintains good contrast and
color balance
• Extends shooting range
under demanding
existing-light conditions
• Preferred contrast of an
EI 100-speed color
transparency film (lower
contrast than other
high-speed
color-transparency films)
• Improved reproduction of
highlight and shadow details
• More tone gradation for more
natural-appearing images
• KODAK T-GRAIN®
Emulsions in all color
records
• Finest grain structure of any
daylight, high-speed color
transparency film on the
market
• High sharpness
• Grain and sharpness hold up
well under push conditions
• Enhanced colors while
maintaining
natural-looking skin tones
• Pleasing colors for
exceptional results both
outdoors and in the studio
• Beautiful skin-tone
reproduction for both outdoor
and studio applications
• Superb reciprocity
• Consistent results in
exposures from 10 seconds
to 1/10,000 second with no
exposure or filter corrections
©Eastman Kodak Company, 2005
SIZES AVAILABLE
Sizes and catalog (CAT) numbers may differ from country to
country. See your dealer who supplies KODAK
PROFESSIONAL Products.
Rolls
Code
135-36
120
5-mil (0.13 mm)
E200
220
35 mm x 100 ft
Acetate
Base
E200 / SP404*
3.9-mil (0.10 mm)
5-mil (0.13 mm)
* Perforated on both edges
STORAGE AND HANDLING
Load and unload film in subdued light.
Store unexposed film in a refrigerator at 13°C (55°F) or
lower in the original sealed package. To avoid moisture
condensation on film that has been refrigerated, allow the
film to warm up to room temperature before opening the
package. Process film as soon as possible after exposure.
Protect processed film from strong light, and store them in
a cool, dry place. For more information on storing
transparencies, see KODAK Publication No. E-30, Storage
and Care of KODAK Photographic Materials—Before and
After Processing.
DARKROOM RECOMMENDATIONS
Do not use a safelight. Handle unprocessed film in total
darkness.
EXPOSURE
Use the exposure index (EI) numbers below with cameras or
light meters marked for ISO or ASA speeds or exposure
indexes. Do not change the film-speed setting when metering
through a filter. Metering through filters may affect meter
accuracy; see your meter or camera manual for specific
information. For critical work, make a series of test
exposures.
Light Source
KODAK
WRATTEN
Gelatin Filter
Exposure
Index
Daylight or Electronic Flash
None
200
Photolamp (3400 K)
No. 80B
64
Tungsten (3200 K)
No. 80A
50
Fluorescent and High-Intensity Discharge
Lamps
Use the color-compensating filters and exposure adjustments
below as starting points to expose this film under fluorescent
or high-intensity discharge lamps. For critical applications,
make a series of test exposures under your actual conditions.
To avoid the brightness and color variations that occur
during a single alternating-current cycle, use exposure times
of 1/60 second or longer with fluorescent lamps; with
high-intensity discharge lamps, use 1/125 second or longer.
Fluorescent Lamp
KODAK Color
Compensating
Filters
Exposure
Adjustment
Daylight
50R
+1 stop
White
40M
+2⁄3 stop
Daylight
Warm White
20C + 40M
+1 stop
Use the exposures in the table below for average frontlit
subjects from 2 hours after sunrise to 2 hours before sunset.
Warm White Deluxe
30B + 30C
+1 1⁄3 stops
Cool White
40M + 10Y
+1 stop
Cool White Deluxe
20C + 10M
+2⁄3 stop
30M
+2⁄3 stop
Shutter Speed
Lens
(second)
Opening
Lighting Conditions
Bright/hazy sun on sand or snow
1/250
ƒ/22
Bright/hazy sun, distinct shadows
1/250
ƒ/16*
Weak, hazy sun, soft shadows
1/250
ƒ/11
Cloudy bright, no shadows
1/250
ƒ/8
Heavy overcast or open shade†
1/250
ƒ/5.6
*Use ƒ/8 for backlit close-up subjects.
† Subjects shaded from sun but lit by large area of clear sky.
Electronic Flash
Use the appropriate guide number in the following table as a
starting point for your equipment. First select the unit output
closest to the number given by your flash manufacturer. Then
find the guide number for feet or metres. To determine the
lens opening, divide the guide number by the flash-to-subject
distance. If transparencies are consistently too thin
(overexposed), use a higher guide number; if they are too
dense (underexposed), use a lower number.
Guide Number
Unit Output
(BCPS*)
Distance in Feet
Distance in Metres
350
60
18
500
70
21
700
85
26
1000
100
30
1400
120
36
2000
140
42
2800
170
50
4000
200
60
5600
240
70
8000
280
85
Unknown Fluorescent*
* When the type of fluorescent lamp is unknown, try this filter and
exposure adjustment; color rendition may be less than optimum.
KODAK Color
Compensating
Filters
Exposure
Adjustment
General Electric
Lucalox*
80B + 20C
+2 1⁄3 stops
General Electric
Multi-Vapor
20R + 20M
+2⁄3 stop
Deluxe White
Mercury
30R + 30M
+1 1⁄3 stops
Clear Mercury
70R
+1 1⁄3 stops
High-Intensity
Discharge Lamp
* This is a high-pressure sodium-vapor lamp. The information here may
not apply to other manufacturers’ sodium-vapor lamps due to
differences in spectral characteristics.
Note: Consult the manufacturer of high-intensity lamps for
ozone ventilation requirements and safety information on
ultraviolet radiation.
Some primary color filters were used in the previous tables
to reduce the number of filters and keep the exposure
adjustment to a minimum. Red filters were substituted for
equivalent filtration in magenta and yellow. Blue filters were
substituted for equivalent filtration in cyan and magenta.
* BCPS=beam candlepower seconds.
2
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film E200 • E-28
Adjustments for Long and Short Exposures
RETOUCHING TRANSPARENCIES
No filter correction or exposure compensation is required for
exposures from 1/10,000 to 10 seconds.
Note: This information applies only when exposing the film
to daylight. The data are based on average emulsions
rounded to the nearest 1/3 stop and assume normal,
recommended processing. Use the data only as a guide. For
critical applications, make tests under your conditions.
Use KODAK E-6 Transparency Retouching Dyes. You can
chemically retouch the 120 format of this film on both the
base and the emulsion side. Retouch only the emulsion side
on the 135 size.
For information on retouching equipment, supplies, and
techniques, see KODAK Publication No. E-68, Retouching
Transparencies on KODAK EKTACHROME Film.
PROCESSING
PRINTING TRANSPARENCIES
Process E200 Film in KODAK Chemicals, Process E-6.
For consistent processing of this and all other
EKTACHROME Films, use a lab that is a member of the
KODAK Q-LAB Process Monitoring Service.
You can reproduce images made of E200 Film by using a
variety of Kodak materials.
Duplicate Color Transparencies
For direct printing, use—
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME
Duplicating Film EDUPE
Push Processing Characteristics
You can increase the effective speed (i.e., push) of E200 Film
by adjusting the time of the first developer. Increased film
speed is useful under dim lighting conditions, or when you
need high shutter speeds to stop action or small lens
openings for increased depth of field. Pushing E200 Film
will also compensate for underexposure.
Exposing KODAK PROFESSIONAL
EKTACHROME Film E200 for Push Processing
Labs that provide push processing with Process E-6 usually
offer the service for fixed time increases such as push 1,
push 2, or push 3 in the first developer (see the following
table). It is a good idea to make a series of test exposures and
then work with your lab to determine optimum exposure
settings for push processing.
The following exposure indexes are good starting points
for daylight exposures when you intend to have E200 film
push processed.
Color Prints
You can scan your image to a file and print digitally to—
KODAK PROFESSIONAL PORTRA, SUPRA, and
ULTRA ENDURA Papers
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Transparency
Display Material
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Clear Display
Material
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Metallic Paper
Starting-Point Exposures for Push Processing
EKTACHROME Film E200
Exposure Index
Specify This Push
Condition to the
Lab
320
Push 1
8 minutes
640
Push 2
11 minutes
800
Push 3
13 minutes
Typical Time in
First Developer
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film E200 • E-28
3
SCANNING TRANSPARENCIES
For Graphic Arts Applications
The KODAK EKTACHROME Film family is characterized
by sets of image dyes which perform very similarly when
scanned. The scanner operator can set up one basic tone scale
and color correction channel for EKTACHROME Films, and
then optimize the tone scale and gray balance for the
requirements of individual images.
Use the KODAK Color Input Target / Q-60E1(4 x 5-in.
transparency) or Q-60E3 (35 mm slide) to establish the setup
for KODAK EKTACHROME Films on all scanners. This
target meets ANSI standards and represents the dye sets of
all EKTACHROME Films.
4
For Photo CD Applications
Use the Universal E-6 Film Term to scan all KODAK
EKTACHROME Films for KODAK PCD Imaging
Workstation applications.
For output to a Photo CD player: Using the Universal E-6
Film Term should result in an image that closely matches
your original in density, tone scale, and overall color balance
when viewed on a player.
For output devices other than Photo CD players: The
YCC data that results when using the Universal E-6 Film
Term is capable of producing a high-quality duplicate of
your original in terms of density, tone scale, and color
reproduction. Final quality of your reproduced image
depends on the capabilities of your output device, the
viewing environment, and the rendering path used.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film E200 • E-28
IMAGE STRUCTURE
Diffuse rms Granularity* 12 very fine
Characteristic Curves
Spectral-Sensitivity Curves
4.0
2.0
Exposure: Daylight 1/100 second
Process: E-6
Densitometry: Status A
B
G
LOG SENSITIVITY *
DENSITY
1.0
R
3.0
2.0
YellowForming
Layer
CyanForming
Layer
MagentaForming
Layer
0.0
1.0
Effective Exposure: 0.1 second
Process: E-6
Densitometry: 1.0
Density: E.N.D.
1.0
2.0
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
WAVELENGTH (nm)
2
0.0
3.0
2.0
0.0
1.0
LOG EXPOSURE (lux-seconds)
*Sensitivity = reciprocal of exposure (erg/cm ) required
to produce specified density
1.0
F009_0059AC
F009_0060AC
Modulation-Transfer Curves
Spectral-Dye-Density Curves
1.5
200
100
B
30
RESPONSE (%)
DIFFUSE SPECTRAL DENSITY
70
50
20
G
10
R
7
5
3
Exposure: Daylight
Process: E-6
2
Normalized dyes to form a visual neutral density of 1.0
for a viewing illuminant of 5000 K.
Process: E-6
Visual Neutral
1.0
Yellow
Cyan
Magenta
0.5
1
1
2
3 4 5
10
20
50
100
200
600
SPATIAL FREQUENCY (cycles/mm)
0.0
F009_0061AC
400
500
600
WAVELENGTH (nm)
700
F009_0062AC
NOTICE: The sensitometric curves and data in this
publication represent product tested under the conditions of
exposure and processing specified. They are representative
of production coatings, and therefore do not apply directly to
a particular box or roll of photographic material. They do not
represent standards or specifications that must be met by
Eastman Kodak Company. The company reserves the right
to change and improve product characteristics at any time.
* *Read at a gross diffuse visual density of 1.0, using a 48-micrometre
aperture, 12X magnification.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film E200 • E-28
5
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film E200
MORE INFORMATION
Kodak has many publications to assist you with information
on Kodak products, equipment, and materials.
The following publications are available from Kodak
customer service, or from dealers who sell Kodak products,
or you can contact Kodak in your country for more
information.
E-30
Storage and Care of KODAK Photographic
Materials—Before and After Processing
E-31
Reciprocity and Special Filter Data for KODAK
Films
E-38
KODAK EKTACHROME Duplicating Films
E-68
Retouching Transparencies on KODAK
EKTACHROME Film
E103RF KODAK PROFESSIONAL Color Reversal Films
E-163
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film
E100VS
E-4024
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Films
E100G and E100GX
For the latest version of technical support publications for
KODAK PROFESSIONAL Products, visit Kodak on-line at:
http://www.kodak.com/go/professional
If you have questions about KODAK PROFESSIONAL
Products, call Kodak.
In the U.S.A.:
1-800-242-2424, Ext. 19, Monday–Friday
9 a.m.–7 p.m. (Eastern time)
In Canada:
1-800-465-6325, Monday–Friday
8 a.m.–5 p.m. (Eastern time)
Note: The Kodak materials described in this publication for use
with KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film E200
are available from dealers who supply KODAK
PROFESSIONAL Products. You can use other materials, but
you may not obtain similar results.
EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
KODAK PROFESSIONAL
EKTACHROME Film E200
KODAK Publication No. E-28
CAT 163 4153
Kodak, Kodak Professional, Ektachrome, Endura, Portra, Q-Lab,
Supra, T-Grain, Ultra, and Wratten are trademarks.
Minor Revision 9-05
Printed in U.S.A.