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FURUNO DEEPSEA WORLD
Class-A Universal AIS
Automatic Identification System
Model FA-100
The AIS improves the safety of
navigation by assisting in the
efficient navigation of ships,
protection of the environment,
and operation of Vessel Traffic
Services by satisfying the following
functional requirements:
■ ship-to-ship mode for collision
avoidance
■ a means for littoral states to
obtain information about a ship
and its cargo
■ VTS tool, i.e., ship-to-shore
traffic management
Catalogue No. N-848a
R
The future today with FURUNO's electronics technology.
FURUNO ELECTRIC CO., LTD.
9-52 Ashihara-cho, Nishinomiya City, Japan Telephone: +81 (0)798 65-2111
Telefax: +81 (0)798 65-4200, 66-4622 URL: www.furuno.co.jp
TRADE MARK REGISTERED
MARCA REGISTRADA
FURUNO AIS on standalone trans
■
Class-A Universal AIS complying with
IMO MSC.74(69) Annex 3, IEC 61993-2,
ITU-R M.1371-1
■
Built-in GPS receiver for UTC
synchronization and backup position
fixing
■
Target ship's CPA/TCPA, COG/SOG,
name on the basic scrolled LCD
display
■
Heading information by GPS compass
SC-60/120 or gyrocompass
■
■
Extensive AIS target data on radar;
target symbols complying with IMO
SN/Circ.217
Existing radars FR-15x5 MK3, FR-21x5
and FAR-28x5 series can be upgraded
for AIS target view by retrofitting the
RP card
■
Interfaces for radar, ECDIS, PC. Future
expansion - LAN and Long Range AIS
operation
The FA-100 is a universal shipborne AIS capable of
exchanging navigation and ship data between own
ship and other ships or coastal stations. It complies
with IMO MSC.74(69) Annex 3, A.694, ITU-R M.13711 and DSC ITU-R M.825. It also complies with IEC
61993-2 (Type testing standard), IEC 60945 (EMC and
environmental conditions).
The FA-100 consists of VHF/GPS antennas, a
transponder unit and several associated units.
The transponder contains a VHF transmitter, two
TDMA receivers on two parallel VHF channels, a DSC
channel 70 receiver, interface, communication
processor, LCD display, and internal GPS receiver.
The internal 12-channel all-in-view GPS receiver with a
differential capability provides UTC reference for
system synchronization to
eliminate clash among a
multiple users. It also
gives position, COG and
SOG when the external
GPS fails.
Graphic mode
The LCD panel displays
all required information
about Static data, Dynamic data, Voyage related data
and Short safety-related messages. The information
and messages are automatically updated according to
the ITU-R M.1371-1, e.g., static information every 6
min and on request, dynamic information every 10 s on
ship faster than 3 kt and 3.3 s when changing course
at 0-14 kt, etc.
sponder display, on radar, on ECDIS
AIS Target information on radar image
(by simulation)
The AIS enhances detection of other ships and
AtoN (aids to navigation) on radar screen.
● AIS targets are visible even if they are behind
large ships, islands or points.
● AIS is not obscured by the sea clutter and rain
clutter.
● Possible to predict course change of large ships
by displaying ROT at tip of COG/SOG vector.
The AIS target symbols can be overlaid on the
radar FAR-28x5 series (with RP-340),
FR-21x5 series (with RP-250) and FR-15x5 series
(with RP-180). The new RP radar plotting modules
provide practically unlimited number of AIS targets
together with ARPA symbols.
Operational concept is common to all RPmodules. Place the cursor on an AIS target of
interest and hit the AIS Data key, and the relevant
data is visible on the data area below the ARPA
data cell. If multiple AIS symbols mask the ARPA
and radar picture, you can sleep the AIS targets.
The triangle symbols get smaller for positive
observation of ARPA symbols.
The AIS target symbols appear as defined by the
SN/Circ.217 as follow: AIS COG/SOG vector
changes its length with speed and adjustable in
cycle time.
ROT mark is viewable at the COG/SOG vector tip
when a target ship is equipped with a Furuno GPS
compass SC-60 or 120.
COG/SOG vector
Sleeping AIS Target
Heading
with ROT at tip
Activated Target
Dangerous Target
Selected Target
data is read in the AIS data cell
Lost Target
System
System Overview
Overview
The Automatic Identification System (AIS) was
originally developed to aid the Vessel Traffic Services
(VTS) by use of VHF transponder working on Digital
Selective Call (DSC) at VHF Channel 70 and is still in
use along the UK coastal areas and others. Afterward
the IMO developed a Universal AIS using the new
sophisticated technology called Self-Organized Time
Division Multiple Access (SOTDMA) based on a VHF
Data Link (VDL).
This system is synchronized with GPS time to avoid
conflict among multiple users (IMO minimum 2000
reports per minute and IEC requires 4500 reports on
two channels).
AtoN
The system operates in 3 modes - autonomous
(continuous operation in all areas), assigned (data
transmission interval remotely controlled by authority
in traffic monitoring service) and polled (in response
to interrogation from a ship or authority). The VHF
channels 87B and 88B are commonly used and in
addition there are local AIS frequencies. The
shipborne AIS transponders exchange various data
as specified by the IMO and ITU on either frequency
automatically set up by the frequency management
telecommand received by the DSC receiver on ship.
VHF transmit power is also set up for 12.5 W or 2 W
automatically.
AIS-fitted AtoN broadcasts its identification,
type of operation, location, displacement,
etc. at 3min intervals or at a reporting rate
designated by the authorities.
VTS center
VTS Center transmits a command on
frequency assignment, slots, report
rate, VHF output power, Channel
spacing, etc. (Assigned mode)
Transponder
Static and Dynamic information incl.
MMSI, Name, POSN, HDG, COG, SOG
Own ship
Interrogation and Response
Ship 1
All ships broadcast Static and Dynamic information (autonomous and continuous mode).
If OS wants to know information about ship 1, OS shall send an interrogation in polling mode;
then ship 1 will transmit her response on the same VHF channel without operator intervention.
■ Static Data
MMSI (Maritime Mobile Service Identity)
IMO number (Where available)
Call sign & name
Length and beam
Type of ship
Location of position-fixing antenna on the
ship
■ Dynamic data
Ship’s position with accuracy
indication and integrity status
UTC
Course over ground (COG)
Speed over ground (SOG)
Heading
Navigation status (manual input)
Rate of turn (where available)
Update rates Dependent on speed and
course alternation (2 s – 3 min)
■ Voyage related data
Ship’s draught
Hazardous cargo (type)
Destination and ETA (at masters discretion)
■ Short safety-related messages
Free messages
Implementation schedule
(MSC.73 adopted 5 December 2001)
1 All ships of ≥300 GT on int'l voyages and cargo
ships ≥500 GT not on int'l voyages and passenger
ships irrespective of size: 1 July 2002
2 Ships on int'l voyages constructed before 1 July
2002
.1 Passenger ships:
before 1 July 2003
.2 Tankers: before first survey of safety equipment
after 1 July 2003
.3 Other ships ≥50,000 GT: before 1 July 2004
.4 Other ships ≥10,000 GT: before 1 July 2005
.5 Other ships ≥3,000 GT: before 1 July 2006
.6 Other ships ≥300 GT:
before 1 July 2007
3 Ships not on int'l voyages constructed before 1
July 2002:
before 1 July 2008
Transponder Unit
GPS Antenna
FA-100
GSC-001
Weight: 6.5 kg, 14.3 lb
GPS/VHF
Combined Antenna
GVA-100
Weight: 1.0 kg, 2.2 lb
Weight: 5 kg, 11.0 lb
156
274 10.8"
140 5.5
"
234 9.2
"
180 7.1" 12 0.5"
16 0.6"
230 9.1"
1235 48.6"
9
120 4.2"
181 7.1"
6.1"
116 4.6"
53.8 120 4.7"
2.1"
4- 8
Fixing Hole
Junction Box
Distribution Box
CB-100
DB-1
Weight: 0.7 kg, 1.54 lb
40
125 4.9"
113 4.5"
2- 5
52 2.1"
80 3.2"
100 3.9"
4- 6
140 5.5"
155
57 2.2"
98 3.9"
Weight: 2 kg, 4.41 lb
236 9.3"
42
1.7"
M8
Bolt
50
160 6.3" 25 1.0"
5
240 9.5"
126 5.0"
40 1.6"
290 11.4"
150 5.9"
Interconnection diagram
VHF Antenna
150M-W2VN
Heading device
GPS/VHF
Combined Antenna
GVA-100
AD-100
DGPS Beacon
receiver GR-80
AD-10
Transponder Unit
FA-100
PC
AIS Data
Junction Box
CB-100
IEC 61162 HDG, SOG, COG, ROT, POSN
Distribution Box
DB-1
IEC 61162 HDG, ROT
Gyrocompass
SC-60/120
GPS Navigator
GP-80/500M2
Radar
FR-15x5 MK3
FR-21x5
FAR-28x5
POSN, SOG, COG
AIS Data
AIS Data
PR-240
115/230 VAC
24 VDC
ECDIS
FEA-2105
Option
12-24 VDC
NOTE: IMO requires the AIS operates on ship’s mains and
alternative source. Check with your authorities on
alternative power as it can be an emergency source
or reserve source (batteries).
SPECIFICATIONS OF FA-100
GENERAL
Standards
IMO MSC.74(69) Annex 3,
IEC 61993-2, ITU-R M.1371-1
Ship reporting capacity
2000 reports per minute, 4500 reports per minute on
two channels
TDMA Transmitter
TX Frequency:
156.025 MHz - 162.025 MHz,
manual/automatic setting
Transmitter Power: 2 W, 12.5 W manual/automatic
selection
TDMA Receiver
RX Frequency:
156.025 MHz-162.025 MHz by
2 channels
RX1:
Default CH87B (161.975 MHz),
manual/automatic setting
RX2:
Default CH88B (162.025 MHz),
manual/automatic setting
Channel Spacing:
25 kHz and 12.5 kHz
DSC Receiver
RX Frequency:
CH70 (156.525 MHz)
Internal GPS Receiver
Type:
GN-79N5A-N, 12 CH
Accuracy:
10 m (GPS), 5 m (DGPS with
optional beacon receiver)
UTC Synchronization Jitter (time between slot start and
transmitter on): ±100 µs
External GPS Receiver
GP-80, GP-500 MK 2, SC-60/SC-120 (if approved by
Administrations)
Navigational data
COG/SOG, ROT, POS, Heading from external sources
Display
Text (meets IMO minimum requirements) scrolled on
LCD screen 95 x 65 mm
Graphical (optional) on Radar model FR-15x5 MK 3
Series (with RP-180 module), FR-21x5 Series (with
RP-250 module), FAR-28x5 Series (with RP-340
module)
Existing radars can be upgraded for AIS target view
with one of these RP cards.
INTERFACE
Input
ABM, ACA, ACK, AIR, BBM, DTM, GBS,
GGA, GLL, GNS, HDT, OSD, SSD, RMC,
ROT, VBW, VSD, VTG
Output
ABK, VDO, VDM, ACA, ACS, ALR, LRF,
LR1, LR2, LR3, TXT
POWER SUPPLY
12-24 VDC, 7-3.5 A, 115/230 VAC with rectifier
ENVIRONMENT
IEC 60945 for EMC, Vibration, Temperature
EQUIPMENT LIST
Standard
1. Transponder Unit
1 unit
2. GPS Antenna Unit GSC-001 or
GPS/VHF Combined Antenna Unit GVA-100
with Distribution Box DB-1
1 unit
3. Junction Box CB-100
1 unit
4. Installation Materials and Spare Parts
1 set
Optional
1. VHF Antenna Unit 150M-W2VN
2. GPS/VHF Combined and GPS Antenna Cable kit
TNC-PS-3D-15 (15 m), CP20-01700 (30 m),
CP20-01710 (50 m)
3. VHF Antenna Cable Kit 5D-2V (10/20 m selectable)
4. Antenna Base No. 13-QA330, No. 13-QA310,
No. 13-RC5160
5. Antenna Bracket for VHF Antenna 4-31071
6. Software for PC
7. DGPS Beacon Receiver GR-80
8. Flush Mount Kit A and B
9. Power Supply Unit PR-240
Note: IMO requires the AIS operates on ship's mains
(115/230 VAC) and alternative source, then a PR-240
is required. Check with your authorities for alternative
power as it can be an emergency source (AC
generator) or reserve source (batteries).
SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE
02065N Printed in Japan
FURUNO U.S.A., INC.
FURUNO DANMARK AS
Camas, Washington, U.S.A.
Phone: +1 360-834-9300 Telefax: +1 360-834-9400
Hvidovre, Denmark
Phone: +45 36 77 45 00 Telefax: +45 36 77 45 01
FURUNO (UK) LIMITED
FURUNO NORGE A/S
Denmead, Hampshire, U.K.
Phone: +44 2392-230303 Telefax: +44 2392-230101
Ålesund, Norway
Phone: +47 70 102950 Telefax: +47 70 127021
FURUNO FRANCE S.A.
FURUNO SVERIGE AB
Bordeaux-Mérignac, France
Phone: +33 5 56 13 48 00 Telefax: +33 5 56 13 48 01
Västra Frölunda, Sweden
Phone: +46 31-7098940 Telefax: +46 31-497093
FURUNO ESPANA S.A.
FURUNO SUOMI OY
Madrid, Spain
Phone: +34 91-725-90-88 Telefax: +34 91-725-98-97
Helsinki, Finland
Phone: +358 9 341 7570 Telefax: +358 9 341 5716
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