Tooth and Gum Care Brushing and Flossing

Tooth and Gum Care Brushing and Flossing
Tooth and Gum Care
Brushing and Flossing
Plaque is a colourless, sticky film of bacteria which forms on teeth but
which can be easily removed with effective brushing and flossing
Effective Toothbrush:
○ Small head or a Diamond shape
○ Soft bristles
○ Comfortable handle
When plaque builds up near the gum line, it produces toxins which
cause an infection. If the plaque is not removed it hardens into a hard
deposit (tartar or calculus) which can’t be removed with a toothbrush
or floss. The tartar then attracts more plaque to the area.
Brushing removes plaque built up on teeth, around the gum line and
on the chewing surfaces. Flossing removes plaque built up in between
teeth and under the gum line.
Healthy Gums
Healthy gums are pink and firm with a stippled (or orange peel)
appearance. They don’t bleed when brushed or flossed.
Gum Infections
The first signs of early gum disease or ‘gingivitis’ are red, swollen gums
which bleed. Gingivitis is reversible if treated early with a professional
clean and good home care.
Floss that’s easier to use
○ Waxed
○ Flat or ribbon
○ On a handle
Untreated, gingivitis can progress into periodontal disease. Without
treatment to remove this build up and infection, the bone will be
eaten away around the tooth, it will loosen and the tooth will
eventually be lost.
Effective Brushing Techniques
Effective Flossing Techniques
Place a pea-sized amount of fluoridated
toothpaste on your brush.
Place your toothbrush at a 45-degree
angle against the gum line.
Move the bristle in a circular motion
over each tooth.
Follow an order – start at the back of the
mouth and move to the front. Do this
for the top and bottom teeth, on the
outside and inside of the teeth.
Brush over the biting surfaces of the
back teeth using a back-and-forth
Use the tip of the brush to clean the
inside surfaces of the front teeth.
It should take about 2-4 minutes to
properly clean your teeth.
Finally, brush your tongue to remove
bacteria and freshen your breath.
If you find the circular action too difficult, try
using an electric toothbrush with a round
head. The head oscillates (moves side-toside) so all you have to do is guide the brush
melville dental care
Dr Nhon D Thai
Benefits of an Electric
○ Small, round head
○ Soft bristles
○ Thousands of
oscillations per minute
○ Removes more plaque
○ Timer
248 Melville Road, Pascoe Vale South 3044
(03) 9354 9714
Break off about 40cms of dental floss
Wind most of it around one of your middle
Wind the remaining floss around the
middle finger on the other hand.
Hold the floss tightly between your
thumbs and forefingers.
Guide the floss in between the teeth using
a gentle back-and-forth motion. This will
stop you from snapping it up into the gums
and cutting them.
When the floss reaches the gum line, curve
into a C –shape against one of the teeth.
Now gently slide it up under the gum line.
In healthy gums, there will be a few
millimetres of space under the gum.
Move the floss tightly against the tooth up
and down along the side of the tooth from
under the gum line to the tip.
Repeat on the other tooth.
To use a fresh piece of floss, unwind the
clean floss off one finger and wind the
used section onto the finger on the other
Repeat all around the mouth.
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