Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration

Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration
[1]
Oracle®
Fusion Middleware
Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and
Administration Guide for Linux
Exalytics Software Release 1.0.0.5 for Exalytics X2-4, X3-4, and
X4-4
E57263-03
March 2015
Explains how to install and manage Oracle Business
Intelligence products (including Oracle BI Enterprise Edition
and Oracle BI Publisher) on Oracle Exalytics In-Memory
Machine. Includes how to monitor and administer an Oracle
Business Intelligence system.
Oracle Fusion Middleware Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for
Linux, Exalytics Software Release 1.0.0.5 for Exalytics X2-4, X3-4, and X4-4
E57263-03
Copyright © 2011, 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Primary Author: Guriqpal Gill
Contributing Authors: Christine Jacobs, Andy Page
Contributors: Oracle Business Intelligence development, product management, and quality assurance teams
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Contents
Preface ................................................................................................................................................................. xi
Audience....................................................................................................................................................... xi
Documentation Accessibility ..................................................................................................................... xi
Related Documentation and Other Resources ....................................................................................... xii
Conventions ................................................................................................................................................ xii
New Features in Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) ................................. xiii
New Base Image 1.0.0.7, Upgrade Utility, and Security Updates ......................................................
Virtual Deployments.................................................................................................................................
Oracle Database In-Memory....................................................................................................................
Exalytics Capacity on Demand Utility ...................................................................................................
Application Software Components ........................................................................................................
Part I
xiii
xiii
xiv
xiv
xiv
Installation
1 Installation Overview
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.3.1
1.3.2
1.4
1.5
Existing Installations ..................................................................................................................
New Installations ........................................................................................................................
Installable Components .............................................................................................................
System Components............................................................................................................
Application Software Components...................................................................................
Oracle Exalytics Architecture....................................................................................................
System Requirements and Certification ..................................................................................
1-1
1-2
1-2
1-2
1-2
1-3
1-4
2 Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
2.1
About Oracle Exalytics Patchsets .............................................................................................
2.2
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)................................................
2.2.1
About the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 .............................................................
2.2.2
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 .......................................................
2.2.2.1
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) on a
Non-Virtual Exalytics Machine ..................................................................................
2.2.2.1.1
Who Should Install Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5? ............................
2.2.2.1.2
Guidelines for Installing Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 .....................
2.2.2.1.3
Installing Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5................................................
2.2.2.1.4
Upgrading or Patching Application Software Components...........................
2-1
2-1
2-2
2-2
2-2
2-2
2-3
2-3
2-8
iii
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) on an
Exalytics Machine Configured for Virtualization ................................................ 2-10
2.2.2.2.1
Who Should Install the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 on an
Exalytics Machine Configured for Virtualization?........................................ 2-10
2.2.2.2.2
Prerequisites for Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 on an
Exalytics Machine Configured for Virtualization ..................................... 2-10
2.2.2.2.3
Upgrading Oracle Exalytics for Oracle VM 3.0.3 or Later Version
to Oracle VM 3.2.8 .............................................................................................. 2-11
2.2.2.2.4
Applying the Release 1 Patchset 5 on a Virtualized Environment ............. 2-15
2.2.2.2.5
Configuring Flash on an Exalytics Machine Configured for
Virtualization ...................................................................................................... 2-20
2.2.2.2.6
Upgrading and Patching Application Software Components on an
Exalytics Machine Configured for Virtualization.......................................... 2-24
2.2.3
Postinstallation Instructions for Upgrading or Patching Oracle Business
Intelligence Software ........................................................................................................ 2-25
2.2.3.1
Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database.................................................................. 2-25
2.2.3.1.1
Configure Oracle TimesTen Checkpoint Frequency..................................... 2-25
2.2.3.1.2
Other Postinstallation Steps.............................................................................. 2-25
2.2.3.2
Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition ................................................... 2-26
2.2.3.2.1
Edit the opmn.xml File ...................................................................................... 2-26
2.2.3.2.2
Reinstall Oracle Business Intelligence Client Installer.................................. 2-26
2.2.4
Deinstallation Instructions for the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 ................ 2-27
2.3
Configuring Flash and Replacing a Defective Flash Card on a Non-Virtual Exalytics
Machine ..................................................................................................................................... 2-27
2.3.1
License to Receive Open Source Code........................................................................... 2-27
2.3.2
Prerequisites for Configuring Flash ............................................................................... 2-28
2.3.3
Configuring Flash ............................................................................................................. 2-28
2.3.3.1
Configuring Flash on an X2-4 and X3-4 Exalytics Machine ................................ 2-28
2.3.3.2
Configuring Flash on an X4-4 Exalytics Machine................................................. 2-31
2.3.4
Replacing a Defective Flash Card................................................................................... 2-34
2.2.2.2
3 Configuring Exalytics Machine for Virtualization
3.1
Configuring New Installations for Virtualization..................................................................
3.1.1
Before You Virtualize an Exalytics Machine....................................................................
3.1.1.1
Documents to Review ..................................................................................................
3.1.1.2
Prerequisites for Configuring Exalytics Machines for Virtualization...................
3.1.1.3
Removing Existing Partitions .....................................................................................
3.1.1.4
Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on the Exalytics Machine ............
3.1.1.4.1
Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on the X2-4 Exalytics
Machine...................................................................................................................
3.1.1.4.2
Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on the X3-4 Exalytics
Machine...................................................................................................................
3.1.1.4.3
Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on the X4-4 Exalytics
Machine...................................................................................................................
3.1.1.4.4
Resetting RAID Configuration (Optional).........................................................
3.1.2
Configuring an Exalytics Machine for Virtualization ....................................................
3.1.2.1
Installing and Configuring Oracle VM Server 3.2.8 ................................................
3.1.2.1.1
Installing Oracle VM Server 3.2.8........................................................................
3.1.2.1.2
Postinstallation Steps ............................................................................................
iv
3-1
3-1
3-2
3-2
3-2
3-3
3-3
3-4
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-6
3-6
3-7
Upgrading Exalytics Base Image ........................................................................ 3-9
Installing and Configuring Oracle VM Manager 3.2.8......................................... 3-11
Installing Oracle VM Manager 3.2.8 ................................................................ 3-11
Discovering Oracle VM Servers ....................................................................... 3-11
Creating Virtual Network Interface Controllers............................................ 3-12
Creating Server Pools and Adding a Server................................................... 3-12
Creating an Exalytics Repository ..................................................................... 3-12
Creating VM Network Channel ....................................................................... 3-13
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 on a Virtualized
Environment............................................................................................................... 3-15
3.1.2.4
Creating Virtual Machines ....................................................................................... 3-15
3.1.2.4.1
Downloading VM Templates ........................................................................... 3-16
3.1.2.4.2
Importing VM Templates into Oracle VM Manager..................................... 3-16
3.1.2.4.3
Creating Virtual Machines from VM Templates ........................................... 3-16
3.2
Configuring Existing Installations for Virtualization......................................................... 3-17
3.3
Upgrading Oracle VM Manager and Oracle VM Server to 3.2.8 ...................................... 3-17
3.3.1
Upgrading Oracle VM Server 3.0.3 (Base Image 2.0.1.1) or Later Version
to Oracle VM Server 3.2.8 ................................................................................................ 3-18
3.3.2
Upgrading Oracle VM Manager 3.0.3 or Later Version to Oracle VM Manager
3.2.8 ..................................................................................................................................... 3-18
3.4
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 on a Virtualized Environment ............ 3-18
3.5
Installing and Configuring Application Software on Virtual Machines ......................... 3-18
3.5.1
Prerequisites to Installing and Configuring Exalytics Software on Virtual
Machines ............................................................................................................................ 3-18
3.5.2
Installing and Configuring Exalytics Software on Virtual Machines ....................... 3-19
3.5.2.1
Creating and Mounting a /u01 Partition ............................................................... 3-19
3.5.2.2
Modifying the Oracle User and Granting Permissions........................................ 3-20
3.5.2.3
Installing Application Software Components ...................................................... 3-21
3.6
Maintaining Virtual Machines ............................................................................................... 3-21
3.6.1
Viewing Virtual Machine Information and Events ..................................................... 3-21
3.6.2
Configuring and Starting a Virtual Machine................................................................ 3-22
3.6.3
Configuring a Network on a Virtual Machine ............................................................. 3-22
3.6.4
Increasing SWAP on a Virtual Machine ....................................................................... 3-23
3.6.5
Increasing the Size of the Root Partition on a Virtual Machine ................................. 3-25
3.1.2.1.3
3.1.2.2
3.1.2.2.1
3.1.2.2.2
3.1.2.2.3
3.1.2.2.4
3.1.2.2.5
3.1.2.2.6
3.1.2.3
4 Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4.1
About the Exalytics Domain Management Utility.................................................................
4.2
Documents to Review ................................................................................................................
4.3
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments ........................................
4.3.1
Prerequisites for Installing Software on the Exalytics Machine....................................
4.3.2
Verifying Configuration of the Exalytics Machine .........................................................
4.3.2.1
Verifying Exalytics Software and Storage Configurations.....................................
4.3.2.2
Verifying Exalytics Image Information .....................................................................
4.3.3
Installing the Software by Using the Exalytics Domain Management Utility............
4.3.3.1
Creating a Password on the Operating System .......................................................
4.3.3.2
Optional: Creating the Inventory for Oracle TimesTen..........................................
4.3.3.3
Optional: Setting Resource Limits for Oracle TimesTen ........................................
4-1
4-3
4-3
4-3
4-4
4-4
4-4
4-5
4-6
4-6
4-6
v
Downloading the Oracle Installation Files into a Staging Directory Structure... 4-7
Creating an Input Properties File ............................................................................... 4-8
Verifying User Permissions to the /u01 Directory ............................................... 4-10
Creating an Exalytics Domain ................................................................................. 4-11
Installing Oracle TimesTen for Exalytics ............................................................... 4-13
Verifying the Installation.......................................................................................... 4-13
Postinstallation Tasks for Business Intelligence Software .......................................... 4-14
Installing and Deinstalling Oracle Business Intelligence Client Tools .............. 4-15
Creating the boot.properties File............................................................................. 4-15
Starting and Stopping Components on an Exalytics Machine ........................... 4-16
Running the Daemon Configuration Scripts for Oracle TimesTen.................... 4-16
Configuring Memory Settings on the Server......................................................... 4-16
Configuring Large Pages at the Kernel Level ................................................ 4-17
Configuring Large Pages for Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Databases ..... 4-17
Increasing PermSize on Existing Oracle TimesTen In-Memory
Databases ............................................................................................................. 4-17
4.3.4.6
Instantiating the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database.................................... 4-18
4.3.4.7
Configuring the ODBC Connection from Oracle Business Intelligence
to Oracle TimesTen.................................................................................................... 4-19
4.3.4.8
Mapping Instances of Oracle TimesTen into the Physical Layer of the
Oracle BI Repository ................................................................................................. 4-20
4.3.4.9
Installing and Configuring BI Composer for Oracle BI EE ................................. 4-21
4.3.4.10
Creating a DSN for IBM DB2 or Microsoft SQL Server ....................................... 4-21
4.3.4.11
Configuring IBM DB2 to Support Multibyte Data ............................................... 4-21
4.3.4.12
Configuring Sample Reports for Oracle BI Publisher .......................................... 4-21
4.3.4.13
Changing the Default Password for SampleAppLite.rpd ................................... 4-21
4.3.4.14
Adding the ORACLEHARDWAREACCELERATION TRUE Parameter
for Essbase .................................................................................................................. 4-22
4.3.4.15
Enabling Bursting Optimization for BI Publisher................................................. 4-22
4.3.5
Managing Exalytics Domains ......................................................................................... 4-23
4.3.5.1
Starting and Stopping an Exalytics Domain.......................................................... 4-23
4.3.5.2
Viewing Status of an Exalytics Domain ................................................................. 4-24
4.3.5.3
Listing Exalytics Domains ........................................................................................ 4-25
4.3.5.4
Scaling Out an Oracle Business Intelligence Domain .......................................... 4-27
4.3.5.5
Removing an Exalytics Domain .............................................................................. 4-27
4.3.6
Troubleshooting the Installation and Configuration Processes................................. 4-28
4.3.6.1
Resolving Issues with the Installation .................................................................... 4-28
4.3.6.2
Viewing Log Files ...................................................................................................... 4-28
4.3.6.3
Reinstalling Software on the Exalytics Machine ................................................... 4-29
4.3.6.4
For More Information ............................................................................................... 4-30
4.3.7
Deinstalling Business Intelligence Software on the Exalytics Machine.................... 4-30
4.4
Existing Business Intelligence Installations: Registering a Primary Business
Intelligence Software Installation on an Exalytics Domain ............................................... 4-30
4.5
Installing and Configuring Oracle BI Applications 11.1.1.8.1 on an Exalytics
Machine ..................................................................................................................................... 4-32
4.6
Installing Oracle Enterprise Performance Management Applications ............................ 4-34
4.7
Installing Oracle Endeca ......................................................................................................... 4-34
4.8
Installing Oracle Database In-Memory for Oracle Exalytics ............................................. 4-34
4.3.3.4
4.3.3.5
4.3.3.6
4.3.3.7
4.3.3.8
4.3.3.9
4.3.4
4.3.4.1
4.3.4.2
4.3.4.3
4.3.4.4
4.3.4.5
4.3.4.5.1
4.3.4.5.2
4.3.4.5.3
vi
4.8.1
4.8.2
4.8.2.1
4.8.2.2
4.8.2.3
4.8.3
4.8.3.1
4.8.3.2
4.8.3.3
4.8.3.3.1
4.8.3.3.2
4.8.3.3.3
4.8.3.3.4
4.8.3.3.5
Supported Oracle Database In-Memory Configurations............................................
Supported Oracle Database In-Memory Use Cases.....................................................
Query Performance Acceleration Using Aggregates ...........................................
Query Performance Acceleration Using Datamart...............................................
Query Performance Acceleration Using Operational Data Store (ODS)...........
Installing and Configuring Oracle Database In-Memory for Oracle Exalytics .......
Verifying and Setting Minimum kernel Parameters ............................................
Installing Oracle Database In-Memory ..................................................................
Postinstallation Tasks................................................................................................
Setting Environment Variables.........................................................................
Configuring Oracle Database In-Memory ......................................................
Checking INMEMORY_SIZE Parameter ........................................................
Setting the INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT Parameter..........................
Calculating and Setting the INMEMORY_SIZE Parameter.........................
4-34
4-35
4-35
4-35
4-35
4-36
4-36
4-37
4-40
4-40
4-40
4-40
4-41
4-42
Part II System Management
5 System Management (Configuration, Diagnostics, and Monitoring)
6 Exalytics Capacity on Demand
6.1
6.2
6.3
Guidelines on Configuring the Number of Active Core Processors on an
Exalytics Machine ....................................................................................................................... 6-1
Generating a Key File ................................................................................................................. 6-2
Configuring Active Core Processors on an Exalytics Machine ............................................ 6-3
7 Deploying Oracle Exalytics for High Availability
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.3.1
7.3.2
7.3.3
7.3.4
7.3.5
7.3.6
7.4
7.4.1
7.4.2
7.4.3
7.4.4
Requirements for High Availability.........................................................................................
Diagram of High Availability ...................................................................................................
Configuring for High Availability............................................................................................
Step 1: Preparing the First Exalytics Machine .................................................................
Step 2: Preparing the Second Exalytics Machine ............................................................
Step 3: Scaling Out the Existing BI Domain.....................................................................
Step 4: Installing and Configuring Oracle TimesTen .....................................................
Step 5: Configuring Shared Storage for Persistent Stores ..............................................
Step 6: Configuring the Front-End Load Balancer..........................................................
Troubleshooting the Highly Available Deployment .............................................................
Connection Issues with the Oracle BI Server and Oracle TimesTen ............................
Client Installer Cannot Locate the Driver for Oracle TimesTen ...................................
Oracle BI Server Does Not Fail Over to the Instance of Oracle TimesTen ..................
Aggregates Are Not Present in Second Instance.............................................................
7-1
7-1
7-2
7-2
7-3
7-3
7-5
7-6
7-7
7-7
7-7
7-7
7-8
7-8
vii
8 Backup and Recovery
9 Disaster Recovery
A Manual Procedures for Installing and Configuring Software on an Exalytics
Machine
A.1
Documents to Review ...............................................................................................................
A.2
Installing Software on Exalytics Machine ..............................................................................
A.2.1
Prerequisites for Installing Software on the Exalytics Machine...................................
A.2.2
Verifying Configuration of the Exalytics Machine ........................................................
A.2.2.1
Verifying Exalytics Software and Storage Configurations....................................
A.2.2.2
Verifying Exalytics Image Information ....................................................................
A.2.3
Installing the Software .......................................................................................................
A.2.3.1
Creating the User, Group, and Password on the Operating System ...................
A.2.3.2
Creating the Inventory for Oracle TimesTen...........................................................
A.2.3.3
Setting Resource Limits for Oracle TimesTen .........................................................
A.2.3.4
Creating and Mounting a /u01 Partition .................................................................
A.2.3.5
Downloading Oracle Files into the Directory Structure ........................................
A.2.3.6
Staging the Middleware Home .................................................................................
A.2.3.7
Creating the Database Schemas.................................................................................
A.2.3.8
Installing Oracle WebLogic Server ...........................................................................
A.2.3.9
Performing a Software Only Install ..........................................................................
A.2.3.10
Creating a New Oracle BI Enterprise Edition Instance........................................
A.2.3.11
Editing the Properties File........................................................................................
A.2.3.12
Verifying the Checklist .............................................................................................
A.2.3.13
Running the Installation Script................................................................................
A.2.3.14
Verifying the Installation..........................................................................................
A.2.4
Troubleshooting the Installation and Configuration Processes.................................
A.2.4.1
Resolving Issues with the Installation ....................................................................
A.2.4.2
Viewing Log Files ......................................................................................................
A.2.4.3
Reinstalling Software on the Exalytics Machine ...................................................
A.2.4.4
Manually Setting the HardwareAcceleration MBean Attribute .........................
A.2.4.5
Configuring Exalytics Operating System to Change Capacity On Demand ....
A.2.4.6
For More Information ...............................................................................................
A.3
Postinstallation Instructions ...................................................................................................
A.3.1
Installing and Deinstalling Oracle Business Intelligence Client Tools .....................
A.3.2
Creating the boot.properties File....................................................................................
A.3.3
Starting and Stopping Components on an Exalytics Machine...................................
A.3.4
Running the Daemon Configuration Scripts for Oracle TimesTen ...........................
A.3.5
Configuring Memory Settings on the Server................................................................
A.3.5.1
Configuring Large Pages at the Kernel Level........................................................
A.3.5.2
Configuring Large Pages for Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Databases.............
A.3.5.3
Increasing PermSize on Existing Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Databases ......
A.3.6
Instantiating the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database...........................................
A.3.7
Configuring the ODBC Connection from Oracle Business Intelligence
to Oracle TimesTen...........................................................................................................
viii
A-1
A-1
A-2
A-2
A-2
A-3
A-3
A-4
A-4
A-4
A-5
A-6
A-7
A-8
A-8
A-9
A-10
A-11
A-12
A-12
A-13
A-13
A-13
A-13
A-14
A-14
A-14
A-16
A-16
A-17
A-17
A-17
A-18
A-18
A-18
A-19
A-19
A-19
A-21
A.3.8
A.3.9
A.3.10
A.3.11
A.3.12
A.3.13
A.3.14
A.3.15
A.4
A.5
A.5.1
A.5.2
A.5.3
A.5.3.1
A.5.3.2
A.5.3.3
A.5.3.4
A.5.3.5
A.5.3.6
A.5.3.7
A.5.3.8
A.5.3.9
A.5.4
A.5.4.1
A.5.4.2
A.5.4.3
A.5.4.4
Mapping Instances of Oracle TimesTen into the Physical Layer of the Oracle BI
Repository ..............................................................................................................A-22
Installing and Configuring BI Composer for Oracle BI EE......................................... A-22
Creating a DSN for IBM DB2 or Microsoft SQL Server .............................................. A-23
Configuring IBM DB2 to Support Multibyte Data....................................................... A-23
Configuring Sample Reports for Oracle BI Publisher ................................................. A-23
Changing the Default Password for SampleAppLite.rpd .......................................... A-23
Adding the ORACLEHARDWAREACCELERATION TRUE Parameter for
Essbase................................................................................................................................ A-23
Enabling Bursting Optimization for BI Publisher........................................................ A-24
Deinstalling Software on the Exalytics Machine ................................................................. A-24
Deploying Oracle Exalytics for High Availability .............................................................. A-24
Requirements for High Availability............................................................................... A-25
Diagram of High Availability ......................................................................................... A-25
Configuring for High Availability ................................................................................. A-26
Step 1: Preparing the First Exalytics Machine ....................................................... A-26
Step 2: Preparing the Second Exalytics Machine .................................................. A-26
Step 3: Installing Oracle WebLogic Server............................................................. A-27
Step 4: Installing Oracle Business Intelligence ...................................................... A-27
Step 5: Scaling Out the Existing BI Domain........................................................... A-27
Step 6: Scaling Out System Components to the Second Exalytics Machine ..... A-28
Step 7: Installing and Configuring Oracle TimesTen ........................................... A-28
Step 8: Configuring Shared Storage for Persistent Stores.................................... A-30
Step 9: Configuring the Front-End Load Balancer................................................ A-30
Troubleshooting the Highly Available Deployment ................................................... A-30
Connection Issues with the Oracle BI Server and Oracle TimesTen.................. A-30
Client Installer Cannot Locate the Driver for Oracle TimesTen ......................... A-31
Oracle BI Server Does Not Fail Over to the Instance of Oracle TimesTen ........ A-31
Aggregates Are Not Present in Second Instance .................................................. A-31
B Reinstalling and Configuring the Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image
(1.0.0.7) on an Exalytics Machine
Prerequisites to Reinstalling and Configuring the Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5
Base Image (1.0.0.7) on an Oracle Exalytics Machine ...........................................................
B.2
Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on the Exalytics Machine..........................
B.2.1
Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on an X2-4 Exalytics Machine...........
B.2.2
Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on an X3-4 Exalytics Machine...........
B.2.3
Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configuration on an X4-4 Exalytics Machine ............
B.3
Reinstalling Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image (1.0.0.7) .............................................
B.4
Configuring Network on the Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image (1.0.0.7)................
B.5
Postinstallation Steps.................................................................................................................
B.5.1
Resetting Root Password ...................................................................................................
B.5.2
Creating a Password on the Operating System..............................................................
B.5.3
Granting User Permissions to the /u01 Directory .........................................................
B.5.4
Verifying Configuration of the Exalytics Machine ........................................................
B.5.4.1
Checking Disk Configuration ....................................................................................
B.5.4.2
Verifying Base Image Version ...................................................................................
B.1
B-1
B-2
B-2
B-2
B-3
B-4
B-5
B-6
B-6
B-7
B-7
B-7
B-8
B-8
ix
B.5.4.3
Verifying Software and Hardware Configurations on the Exalytics Machine... B-9
B.6
Installing Software on the Exalytics Machine...................................................................... B-10
x
Preface
The Oracle Business Intelligence Foundation Suite is a complete, open, and integrated
solution for all enterprise business intelligence needs, including reporting, ad hoc
queries, OLAP, dashboards, scorecards, and what-if analysis. The Oracle Business
Intelligence Foundation Suite includes Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition.
Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition (Oracle BI EE) is a comprehensive set
of enterprise business intelligence tools and infrastructure, including a scalable and
efficient query and analysis server, an ad-hoc query and analysis tool, interactive
dashboards, proactive intelligence and alerts, and an enterprise reporting engine.
The components of Oracle BI EE share a common service-oriented architecture, data
access services, analytic and calculation infrastructure, metadata management
services, semantic business model, security model and user preferences, and
administration tools. Oracle BI EE provides scalability and performance with
data-source specific optimized request generation, optimized data access, advanced
calculation, intelligent caching services, and clustering.
This guide contains information about installing and administering the Oracle
Exalytics In-Memory Machine. The guide includes topics on installing, upgrading, and
maintaining the Exalytics Machine.
This guide applies to:
■
Oracle Exalytics X2-4, X3-4, and X4-4 Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
Audience
This document is intended for installation engineers and middle-tier administrators
who are responsible for managing Oracle Business Intelligence processes, upgrading,
and installing.
Documentation Accessibility
For information about Oracle's commitment to accessibility, visit the Oracle
Accessibility Program website at
http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=docacc.
Access to Oracle Support
Oracle customers that have purchased support have access to electronic support
through My Oracle Support. For information, visit
http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=info or visit
http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=trs if you are hearing
impaired.
xi
Related Documentation and Other Resources
See the Oracle Business Intelligence library for a list of related Oracle Business
Intelligence documents.
In addition, go to the Oracle Learning Library for Oracle Business Intelligence-related
online training resources.
Conventions
The following text conventions are used in this document:
xii
Convention
Meaning
boldface
Boldface type indicates graphical user interface elements associated
with an action, or terms defined in text or the glossary.
italic
Italic type indicates book titles, emphasis, or placeholder variables for
which you supply particular values.
monospace
Monospace type indicates commands within a paragraph, URLs, code
in examples, text that appears on the screen, or text that you enter.
New Features in Oracle Exalytics Release 1
Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
This preface describes the new features and certifications for the components in Oracle
Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5).
For a list of new features and certifications in previous patchsets, see the "New
Features" preface in Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration
Guide for Linux which is available at the following location:
http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E41246_01/bi.1/e49602/toc.htm
The Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 includes additional certifications and new
capabilities for the components that are described in the following sections:
■
"New Base Image 1.0.0.7, Upgrade Utility, and Security Updates"
■
"Virtual Deployments"
■
"Oracle Database In-Memory"
■
"Exalytics Capacity on Demand Utility"
■
"Application Software Components"
New Base Image 1.0.0.7, Upgrade Utility, and Security Updates
The Base Image 1.0.0.7 includes the following enhancements for non-virtual
deployments:
■
Kernel upgraded from 2.6.32-400 to 2.6.39-400
■
New drivers and firmware for new hardware model X4-4
■
Base image 1.0.0.7 and utilities compatible on all Exalytics X2, X3, and X4-4 models
■
Security Updates
■
Release 1 Patchset 5 Upgrade Utility: Existing customers on Release 1 Patchset 4
(Base Image 1.0.0.6) can use the utility to upgrade to Release 1 Patchset 5 (Base
Image 1.0.0.7)
Virtual Deployments
Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) includes the following enhancements for
virtual deployments:
■
Oracle VM Server upgrade to 3.2.8- UEK2 kernel 2.6.39-400.128.17.el5uek
■
Oracle VM Guest kernel upgrade to UEK2- 2.6.39-400.xxx.xx.el5uek
xiii
■
Compatible on all Exalytics X2, X3, and X4-4 models
Oracle Database In-Memory
Oracle Database In-Memory is now certified for all Exalytics Machines on Oracle
Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 4 (1.0.0.4) or later. The following Oracle Database
In-Memory configurations are certified to run on an Exalytics Machine:
■
■
■
■
■
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production with
In-Memory Option.
Database type of DATA_WAREHOUSE.
Data warehouse applications. Online Transaction Processing (OLTP) applications
are not supported on the Exalytics Machine.
Storage option of File System only. Oracle Automatic Storage Management (ASM)
is not supported.
Single database instance. Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC) and Oracle Grid
are not supported.
For instructions on how to install and configure Oracle Database In-Memory on an
Exalytics Machine, see Section 4.8, "Installing Oracle Database In-Memory for Oracle
Exalytics."
Exalytics Capacity on Demand Utility
You can use the Exalytics Capacity on Demand Utility to configure the number of
active core processors on each Exalytics Machine. For more information see, Chapter 6,
"Exalytics Capacity on Demand."
Application Software Components
The following new application software component releases are certified to run on
Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5:
■
"Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition 11.1.1.7.x"
■
"Oracle TimesTen for Exalytics"
■
"Oracle Endeca 3.1"
■
"Oracle BI Applications 11.1.1.8.1"
■
"Oracle Enterprise Performance (EPM) Applications 11.1.2.4"
■
"Oracle Database In-Memory"
For the latest application software component certifications on Exalytics, see the Oracle
Exalytics Certification Matrix at the following location:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/ias/downloads/fusion-certific
ation-100350.html
Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition 11.1.1.7.x
Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition 11.1.1.7.140715 includes a number of
bug fixes for the components that comprise Oracle Exalytics. These bug fixes are
described in the component-specific ReadMe files.
xiv
Oracle TimesTen for Exalytics
For information, see the "Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database" documentation at the
following link:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/products/timesten/documentation/index.ht
ml
The link to the "Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database" documentation is also
available from the Oracle Exalytics Documentation library.
Oracle Endeca 3.1
Both Oracle Endeca Information Discovery (3.0 and 3.1) and Oracle Endeca Server
(7.5.1 and 7.6.0) are certified to run on the Exalytics Machine. Key parts of Oracle's
extensive range of business analytics products and solutions, these components are
designed to help customers make smarter and faster decisions. For more information,
see Oracle Exalytics Certification Matrix at the following location:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/ias/downloads/fusion-certific
ation-100350.html
Also see "Oracle Endeca Information Discovery" documentation, the link to which is
available from the Oracle Exalytics Documentation Library.
Oracle BI Applications 11.1.1.8.1
For information on using new Oracle BI Applications features see "Oracle Business
Intelligence Applications 11.1.1.8.1" documentation, the link to which is available from
the Oracle Exalytics Documentation Library.
Oracle Enterprise Performance (EPM) Applications 11.1.2.4
For information on using Oracle EPM Applications, see "Oracle Enterprise
Performance Management" documentation, the link to which is available for the
Oracle Exalytics Documentation library.
Oracle Database In-Memory
Oracle Database In-Memory is now certified for all Exalytics Machines on Oracle
Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 4 (1.0.0.4) or later.
xv
xvi
Part I
Part I
Installation
This part describes how to install. It contains the following chapters:
■
Chapter 1, "Installation Overview"
■
Chapter 2, "Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)"
■
Chapter 3, "Configuring Exalytics Machine for Virtualization"
■
Chapter 4, "Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine"
1
Installation Overview
1
[2This
]
chapter provides an overview of installing software on the Oracle Exalytics
In-Memory Machine. The Exalytics Machine is an engineered solution that includes a
memory-centric hardware platform, proven in-memory technology from Oracle
TimesTen, and an optimized version of Oracle Business Intelligence Foundation Suite
functionality.
Oracle Business Intelligence applications, Oracle Enterprise Performance Management
applications, and Oracle Endeca can be installed on an Exalytics Machine to provide
greater value to Exalytics customers.
The Exalytics Machine enables Oracle Business Intelligence software users to gain
quick insight, make better decisions, and take immediate actions. For system
administrators, the pre-engineered system simplifies the process of configuring and
maintaining an enterprise-level, high-performance Oracle Business Intelligence
implementation. It eliminates the risks associated with procuring, deploying,
maintaining, and tuning the system infrastructure from multiple vendors. Oracle's
technology is designed to scale seamlessly from small workgroup installations to large
scale enterprise Business Intelligence deployments.
The term "Oracle Business Intelligence" is used throughout this guide to collectively
refer to Oracle BI Enterprise Edition and Oracle BI Publisher. In cases where a
description or instruction specifically applies to one of these products, the individual
product's name is used instead.
This chapter includes the following sections:
■
Section 1.1, "Existing Installations"
■
Section 1.2, "New Installations"
■
Section 1.3, "Installable Components"
■
Section 1.4, "Oracle Exalytics Architecture"
■
Section 1.5, "System Requirements and Certification"
1.1 Existing Installations
If you are an existing customer running Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 4 (1.0.0.4)
or Base Image 1.0.0.6, you must apply Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) or
Base Image 1.0.0.7. See Chapter 2, "Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5
(1.0.0.5)."
To access documentation for prior releases, see the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset
4 documentation in Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration
Guide for Linux located at:
Installation Overview
1-1
New Installations
http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E49626_01/bi.1/e49602/toc.htm
1.2 New Installations
If you are a new customer, perform the following actions:
■
■
If you plan to install and configure the software on an Exalytics Machine
configured for virtualization, see Chapter 3, "Configuring Exalytics Machine for
Virtualization."
If you plan to install and configure the software on an Exalytics Machine, see
Chapter 4, "Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine."
1.3 Installable Components
Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) comprises the following system
components that are installed on an Exalytics Machine to work together in an
optimized manner:
■
Section 1.3.1, "System Components"
■
Section 1.3.2, "Application Software Components"
1.3.1 System Components
The system components include the following:
■
Exalytics Base Image for Linux x86-64
Base Image for Linux x86-64 is based on Oracle Enterprise Linux specifically
optimized and built for analytical workload. Exalytics base image also includes
additional utilities like Flash storage configuration utilities, network utilities, Auto
Service Request utilities, and other system configuration utilities.
■
Exalytics Base Image for Oracle VM x86-64
Exalytics Base Image for Oracle VM is an Oracle VM based optimized and custom
configured VM built for analytic usage. This image includes Exalytics specific VM
system components and utilities.
■
Exalytics Oracle VM Template
Oracle Exalytics Oracle VM template is a customized Oracle VM template for
analytics use cases on Exalytics.
1.3.2 Application Software Components
The application software components include the following:
■
Oracle Business Intelligence Foundation Suite
■
Oracle Enterprise Performance Management Applications
■
Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database for Exalytics
■
Oracle Database In-Memory
■
Oracle Business Intelligence Applications
■
Oracle Endeca
In addition, note the following:
1-2 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Oracle Exalytics Architecture
■
This guide does not provide information on installing Essbase on the Exalytics
Machine using the Oracle Hyperion Enterprise Performance Management System
Installer. For information about using the EPM System Installer to install Essbase,
see Oracle Hyperion Enterprise Performance Management System Installation and
Configuration Guide.
For detailed information about supported products on each component, see the Oracle
Exalytics Certification Matrix at the following location:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/ias/downloads/fusion-certific
ation-100350.html
1.4 Oracle Exalytics Architecture
Figure 1–1 contains a diagram of the architecture for the Exalytics Machine. The
Exalytics Machine includes software for the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database or
Oracle Database In-Memory, Oracle Business Intelligence, and the Administration
Server and Managed Server for Oracle WebLogic Server. The Exalytics Machine is
connected to a client computer on which the Oracle BI Administration Tool runs,
including the Summary Advisor wizard. Another computer holds the database on
which schemas that are created with the Repository Creation Utility reside, including
usage tracking summary statistics.
Installation Overview
1-3
System Requirements and Certification
Figure 1–1 Oracle Exalytics Architecture
1.5 System Requirements and Certification
This guide provides specific information about system requirements and software
versions that the Exalytics Machine uses. For information about the client computer
that you use with the Exalytics Machine, refer to the system requirements and
certification documentation for information about hardware and software
requirements, platforms, databases, and other information. Both of these documents
are available on Oracle Technology Network (OTN).
■
The system requirements document covers information such as hardware and
software requirements, minimum disk space and memory requirements, and
required system libraries, packages, or patches:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/ias/downloads/fusion-requi
rements-100147.html
■
The certification document covers supported installation types, platforms,
operating systems, databases, JDKs, and third-party products:
1-4 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
System Requirements and Certification
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/ias/downloads/fusion-certi
fication-100350.html
Installation Overview
1-5
System Requirements and Certification
1-6 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
2
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5
(1.0.0.5)
2
This chapter provides information on applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5
(1.0.0.5) on the Exalytics Machine.
[3]
This chapter includes the following sections:
■
Section 2.1, "About Oracle Exalytics Patchsets"
■
Section 2.2, "Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)"
■
Section 2.3, "Configuring Flash and Replacing a Defective Flash Card on a
Non-Virtual Exalytics Machine"
2.1 About Oracle Exalytics Patchsets
An Oracle Exalytics Patchset for X2-4, X3-4, and X4-4 Exalytics Machines consists of
system software components which are delivered regularly.
For system software components, an Oracle Exalytics Patchset might contain updates
to one or all of the following:
■
Exalytics Base Image for Linux x86-64
■
Exalytics Base Image for Oracle VM x86-64
■
Exalytics VM Template (Guest)
Oracle Business Intelligence, Oracle Enterprise Performance Management, Oracle
TimesTen for Exalytics, Oracle Database In-Memory, and Oracle Endeca software
releases are certified on Exalytics patchsets. These software updates may contain new
capabilities built for Exalytics only. Customers are advised to update the application
software stack with the latest Exalytics certified version.
For detailed information on system components and supported application product
components, see Oracle Exalytics Certification Matrix at the following location:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/ias/downloads/fusion-certific
ation-100350.html
2.2 Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
This section consists of the following topics:
■
Section 2.2.1, "About the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5"
■
Section 2.2.2, "Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5"
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) 2-1
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
■
■
Section 2.2.3, "Postinstallation Instructions for Upgrading or Patching Oracle
Business Intelligence Software"
Section 2.2.4, "Deinstallation Instructions for the Oracle Exalytics Release 1
Patchset 5"
2.2.1 About the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5
The Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 comprises of updates to the system
components that are listed in listed in Table 2–1.
Table 2–1
System Components and Supported Versions in Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5
System Component
Version in Patchset 5
Release
Oracle Exalytics Base Image
1.0.0.7
Oracle Exalytics Base Image for Oracle VM
2.0.1.4
Oracle Exalytics VM Template (Guest)
2.0.1.4
For the latest information on the supported Application Software Components, see
Oracle Exalytics Certification Matrix at the following location:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/ias/downloads/fusion-certific
ation-100350.html
2.2.2 Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5
This section consists of the following topics:
■
■
Section 2.2.2.1, "Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) on a
Non-Virtual Exalytics Machine"
Section 2.2.2.2, "Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) on an
Exalytics Machine Configured for Virtualization"
2.2.2.1 Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) on a Non-Virtual
Exalytics Machine
This section contains the following topics:
■
Section 2.2.2.1.1, "Who Should Install Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5?"
■
Section 2.2.2.1.2, "Guidelines for Installing Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5"
■
Section 2.2.2.1.3, "Installing Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5"
■
Section 2.2.2.1.4, "Upgrading or Patching Application Software Components."
2.2.2.1.1 Who Should Install Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5? The Patchset is available
for all Oracle Exalytics customers who are currently on Oracle Exalytics Release 1
Patchset 4 (Oracle Exalytics Base Image 1.0.0.6).
2-2 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
If you are on a release prior to Oracle Exalytics Release 1
Patchset 4, you must upgrade to Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 4
(Base Image 1.0.0.6) before you can upgrade to Oracle Exalytics
Release 1 Patchset 5. For information on applying Oracle Exalytics
Release 1 Patchset 4, see "Chapter 2 Patching" in Oracle Fusion
Middleware Installation and Administration Guide for Oracle Exalytics
In-Memory Machine available at the following location:
Note:
http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E49626_01/bi.1/e49602/toc.htm
2.2.2.1.2 Guidelines for Installing Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 Review the following
guidelines before installing the Patchset:
■
■
■
Ensure that you are currently on Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 4 (Oracle
Exalytics Base Image 1.0.0.6).
Before applying the patches that are included in the Patchset, ensure that you back
up your current installation, configuration files, and any user-specific artifacts, and
stop all applicable services.
If you have installed Oracle Enterprise Performance Management components on
the Exalytics Machine, stop all Enterprise Performance Management services
before applying the patch. Also, ensure that you start all services after applying
the patch. For more information, see "Chapter 12, Starting and Stopping EPM
System Products" in Oracle Enterprise Performance Management System Installation
and Configuration Guide Release 11.1.2.3 at the following location:
http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E40248_01/epm.1112/epm_install.pdf
■
■
When installing Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 on Oracle Exalytics Release 1
Patchset 4, delete aggregates in Oracle TimesTen using the nqcmd utility. For more
information, see "Creating and Persisting Aggregates for Oracle BI Server Queries"
in Oracle Fusion Middleware Metadata Repository Builder's Guide for Oracle Business
Intelligence Enterprise Edition.
For late-breaking information, see Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Release
Notes for Linux.
2.2.2.1.3 Installing Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 To install Oracle Exalytics Release
1 Patchset 5 on Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 4, perform the following steps:
■
"Step 1: Upgrade Firmware"
■
"Step 2: Download and Mount the Exalytics Base Image 1.0.0.7"
■
"Step 3: Run the Oracle Exalytics Base Image 1.0.0.7 Upgrade Script"
■
"Step 4: (Optional) Configure ASR"
■
"Step 5: (Optional) Configure Exalytics Host for Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control Discovery"
Step 1: Upgrade Firmware
This step is for X2-4 and X3-4 customers only. If you are on a
X4-4 Exalytics Machine, you can ignore this section. X4-4 customers
must use ILOM 3.2.4.18 or higher version.
Note:
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) 2-3
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
If not already done, upgrade your firmware to 3.1.2.24.d. Oracle Integrated Lights Out
Manager 3.1.2.24.d (ILOM) has a new user interface and navigation.
Note:
To check the ILOM version, in ILOM, click the About button.
For information about Oracle Integrated Lights Out Manager (ILOM) consult the Sun
Server X2-4 Documentation manuals which are available in the Oracle Exalytics
Library at:
http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E27027_01/index.htm
For the latest Exalytics certified ILOM versions, see the Oracle Exalytics Certification
Matrix. The Oracle Exalytics Certification Matrix is located at:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/ias/downloads/fusion-certific
ation-100350.html
To upgrade firmware:
1.
Navigate to My Oracle Support and download patch number 18391569.
The patch zip file contains the ILOM-3.1.2.24.d_r86253-Sun_Fire_X4470M2.pkg.
2.
Extract the zip file into a temporary folder.
3.
On the Exalytics Machine, connect and log on to Oracle Integrated Lights Out
Manager (ILOM).
4.
In the left pane of the ILOM, expand ILOM Administration, then select
Maintenance, then select the Firm Upgrade tab.
5.
Click Enter Upgrade Mode.
6.
Click OK.
7.
Click Browse, navigate to the temporary folder, and select the ILOM-3.1.2.24.d_
r86253-Sun_Fire_X4470M2.pkg that you downloaded.
8.
Click Upload.
9.
If not already selected, select Preserve Existing Configuration.
10. Select Delay BIOS upgrade until next server poweroff.
Note: If you do not select the Delay BIOS upgrade until next server
poweroff option, the system host will shutdown during the upgrade.
11. Click Start Upgrade.
12. Click OK.
After the upgrade completes successfully, ILOM restarts automatically.
Step 2: Download and Mount the Exalytics Base Image 1.0.0.7
To download and mount the Exalytics base image 1.0.0.7:
1.
Navigate to the Oracle Software Delivery Cloud web site at the following link:
http://edelivery.oracle.com
2.
For Product Pack, select Oracle Business Intelligence.
3.
For Platform, select Linux x86-64.
2-4 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
4.
Click Go.
5.
Select and click Oracle Exalytics Software Media Pack for Linux x86-64 (Release
1.0.0.5.0).
6.
Download V56223-01.iso (Oracle Exalytics X2-4/ X3-4/X4-4 Base Image 1.0.0.7 for
Linux x86-64).
7.
Depending on the Exalytics Machine configuration, perform one of the following
actions:
■
■
8.
For X2-4 and X3-4 machines, from the menu bar, select Devices, then
CD-ROM Image to link the V56223-01.iso as a remote virtual CD-ROM in
ILOM.
For X4-4 machines, from the menu bar, select KVMS, then Storage. Click Add
to link to the V56223-01.iso as a remote virtual CD-ROM in ILOM. Click
Connect.
To create a directory, enter the following command:
# mkdir /mnt/exalyticsPS5
9.
To mount the base image on the directory, enter the following command:
# mount -t iso9660 -o loop,ro V56223-01.iso /mnt/exalyticsPS5/
Step 3: Run the Oracle Exalytics Base Image 1.0.0.7 Upgrade Script
You run the upgrade script to upgrade Oracle Exalytics base image to 1.0.0.7.
If you are installing Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (Base
Image 1.0.0.7) on Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 4 (Base Image
1.0.0.6), the script installs new rpms without affecting your existing
installation.
Note:
To run the Oracle Exalytics Base Image 1.0.0.7 Upgrade Script:
1.
Stop and backup all Oracle Business Intelligence, Oracle TimesTen, and (if
installed) Enterprise Performance Management services.
For information on stopping Oracle Business Intelligence services, see "Starting
and Stopping Oracle Business Intelligence" in Oracle Fusion Middleware System
Administrator's Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition.
For information on starting and stopping Oracle TimesTen services, see "Working
with the TimesTen Data Manager Daemon" in Oracle® TimesTen In-Memory
Database Operations Guide.
For more information on starting and stopping Enterprise Performance
Management services, see "Chapter 12, Starting and Stopping EPM System
Products" in Oracle Enterprise Performance Management System Installation and
Configuration Guide Release 11.1.2.3 at the following location:
http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E40248_01/epm.1112/epm_install.pdf
2.
Navigate to My Oracle Support and download patch number 19849524: Exalytics
Patchset Upgrade 1.0.0.5 Upgrade Utility for Exalytics Bare Metal into a directory
of your choice.
The patch contains the p19849524_10050_Linux-x86-64.zip file.
3.
Unzip the file into a temporary (/tmp) directory.
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) 2-5
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
The unzipped file contains various rpm (RPM Package Manager) files.
4.
To navigate to the temporary (tmp) directory, enter the following command:
# cd /tmp
5.
To install the upgrade script (exalytics-scripts-1.0.0.7-27.noarch.rpm), enter the
following command:
# rpm -Uv --replacefiles exalytics-update-1.0.0.7-27.noarch.rpm
The script is installed.
The output looks similar to the following:
Preparing packages for installation...
exalytics-update-1.0.0.7-27
postInstall (exalytics-scripts) 1 ...
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL] starting; Day Month Date HOUR:MIN:SEC YEAR ...
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL] Updating exalytics-node-config file to set EXALYTICS_
INSTALL_TYPE=BM ...
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL] finished; Day Month Date HOUR:MIN:SEC YEAR
postInstall (exalytics-scripts) 1; done
6.
To remove the mkinitrd-devel package (which can cause upgrade conflict), run the
following commands:
# rpm -e --nodeps mkinitrd-devel-5.1.19.6-75.0.9.el5.i386
# rpm -e --nodeps mkinitrd-devel-5.1.19.6-75.0.9.el5.x86_64
7.
To navigate to the Oracle Exalytics bin directory, enter the following command:
# cd /opt/exalytics/bin
8.
To upgrade the Oracle Exalytics base image, enter the following command:
# ./update_bm_1.0.0.6_to_1.0.0.7.sh file:///mnt/exalyticsPS5/Server
9.
Optional: View the log files at /var/log/exalytics/update-1.0.0.7.log and
/var/log/exalytics/exalytics.log.
10. To restart the Exalytics Machine, enter the following command:
# /sbin/shutdown -r now
You can also start the Exalytics Machine using Integrated
Lights Out Manager (ILOM).
Note:
11. Restart the Oracle Business Intelligence, Oracle TimesTen, and Enterprise
Performance Management services.
12. To confirm the base image, enter the following command as a root user:
# /opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics_imageinfo
The output looks similar to the following:
Image version : 1.0.0.7
Creation timestamp : Day Date Month YEAR HOUR:MIN:SEC
Kernel version: 2.3.39-400.128.17.el5uek
RPM versions:
kernel-uek-2.6.39-400.128.17.el5uek
kernel-2.6.18-308.24.1.0.1.el5
2-6 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
exalytics-container-bm-1.0.0.7-2
exalytics-scripts-1.0.0.7-18
exalytics-flash-1.0.0.7-11
exalytics-domain-configure-1.0.0.7-4
exalytics-deps-exact-1.0.0.7-2
exalytics-deps-minimum-1.0.0.7-2
Even though the build numbers may be different than the ones
listed above, ensure that the updated kernel version is the same as the
one displayed above.
Note:
Step 4: (Optional) Configure ASR
To configure ASR:
■
If you installed Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 on a new machine, then
configure ASR as follows:
1.
Follow instructions detailed in "Installing Auto Service Request (ASR)" in
Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Owner's Guide, but change the following
steps:
2.
Replace Step 5 in "Section 9.3 Before You Begin" with the following steps:
a.
Navigate to the /opt/exalytics/asr directory and add the following line to
the /etc/inittab file
emh1:345:respawn:/opt/exalytics/asr/bda_mon_hw_asr.pl -server
b.
At the command line, enter the following command to initialize and start
the bda_mon server
init q
3.
Replace the commands in Step 2 in "Section 9.7 Configuring Telemetry
Sources" with the following commands:
# cd /opt/exalytics/asr
# ./setup_asr_ilom.pl -host <hostname OR ip>
■
If you installed Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 on Oracle Exalytics Release 1
Patchset 4 and ASR is already configured, complete the following step to verify
that ASR is running:
■
Execute the ps -ef | grep bda command to ensure that bda_mon_hw_asr_pl
is running.
For more information, see "Installing Auto Service Request Software" in Oracle
Exalytics In-Memory Machine Owner's Guide.
Step 5: (Optional) Configure Exalytics Host for Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control Discovery
To configure Exalytics Host for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Discovery:
■
If you installed Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 on a new machine with
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control (EMCC) deployed, then perform the following
steps to configure EMCC to identify the Exalytics host.
a.
Confirm that a SP System Identifier is set for the Exalytics Machine by
performing the following steps:
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) 2-7
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
–
Log on to Oracle Integrated Lights Out Manager (ILOM).
–
Expand System Information.
–
Select Summary.
Confirm that a SP System Identifier is displayed.
b.
Log on to ILOM and in the left pane of the ILOM, expand ILOM
Administration, then select Identification. Ensure that the SP System
Identifier value is populated with a unique value, such as "Oracle Exalytics
AK00026925".
c.
Log on to the Exalytics Machine.
d.
Execute the command chmod +x exalytics_configure_for_emcc.sh to grant
execute permissions.
e.
Execute the following command as a root user to create the file:
./exalytics_configure_for_emcc.sh
f.
■
Review the output and ensure that the contents of the
/var/exalytics/info/em-context.info file correctly displays the system
identifier for the Oracle Exalytics machine. The system identifier should be
identical to the system identifier you saw in Step (b) of this procedure.
If you installed Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 on Oracle Exalytics Release 1
Patchset 4 with Enterprise Manager Cloud Control (EMCC) deployed, then
complete the following step to verify that EMCC identifies the Exalytics host:
■
Review the contents of the /var/exalytics/info/em-context.info file and ensure that
it correctly displays the system identifier for the Oracle Exalytics machine.
The system identifier should be identical to the system identifier displayed in
the Oracle Integrated Lights Out Manager (ILOM) in Step (a) above.
2.2.2.1.4 Upgrading or Patching Application Software Components Depending on your
deployment upgrade or patch the newly certified application software components for
this release.
This section is for existing Exalytics customers that are already
running application software components. New Exalytics customers,
proceed to Chapter 4, "Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine."
Note:
Before you upgrade or patch the application software components, ensure you are
installing the latest Exalytics certified application software versions. See Oracle
Exalytics Certification Matrix for the latest certifications. The Oracle Exalytics Certification
Matrix is located at:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/ias/downloads/fusion-certific
ation-100350.html
This section includes the following topics:
■
"Download and Install Oracle BI EE 11.1.1.7.x"
■
"Download and Install Oracle Timesten 11.2.2.7.x"
■
"Download and Install Oracle BI Applications 11.1.1.8.1"
■
"Download and Install Oracle Endeca 3.1"
2-8 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
Download and Install Oracle BI EE 11.1.1.7.x
To apply the latest Oracle BI EE 11.1.1.7.x Patchset to Oracle BI EE 11.1.1.7.0
installation, see the instructions in the ReadMe file for patch 19261194 (the top-level
patch of the Oracle BI EE 11.1.1.7.141014 Patchset).
If you are installing Oracle Exalytics for the first time, you
must install Oracle BI EE 11.1.1.7.0. For information, see Chapter 4,
"Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine." See also, Oracle Fusion
Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence.
Note:
If you are running an Oracle BI EE 11.1.1.6.x installation, you must upgrade to an
Oracle BI EE 11.1.1.7.0, see Oracle Fusion Middleware Upgrade Guide for Oracle Business
Intelligence.
You cannot use the Exalytics Domain Management Utility to
install or manage an Oracle BI EE 11.1.1.6.x installation. You must first
upgrade the Oracle BI EE 11.1.1.6.x installation to Oracle BI EE
11.1.1.7.0 and then register the installation as an existing primary
domain using the Exalytics Domain Management Utility.
Note:
Download and Install Oracle Timesten 11.2.2.7.x
Before you download and install Oracle TimesTen, ensure you are installing the latest
Exalytics certified Oracle TimesTen version. See Oracle Exalytics Certification Matrix for
the latest certifications. The Oracle Exalytics Certification Matrix is located at:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/ias/downloads/fusion-certific
ation-100350.html
To download and install Oracle TimesTen:
1.
Navigate to My Oracle Support.
2.
Search for and download the latest Exalytics certified version of Oracle TimesTen.
If you are installing Oracle Exalytics for the first time, you can
install the latest Oracle TimesTen certified version instead of applying
patches to previous Oracle TimesTen versions.
Note:
During the installation of Oracle TimesTen, answer "Yes" to the question: Would you
like to upgrade this instance?
Also, ensure that you do not delete existing files. For example, during the installation,
answer "No" to the following questions:
■
■
■
■
Would you also like to remove all files in <installation_
directory>/TimesTen/tt1122/network/admin/samples?
Would you like to replace the existing cluster.oracle.ini file?
Would you like to replace the existing <installation_
directory>/TimesTen/tt1122/info/sys.odbc.ini file?
Would you also like to remove all files in <installation_
directory>/TimesTen/tt1122/info?
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) 2-9
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
For more information, see "Performing an in-place database upgrade" and "Performing
an offline upgrade" in Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Installation Guide.
If required, you can install Oracle Database In-Memory for
Oracle Exalytics. For instructions on installing Oracle Database
In-Memory for Oracle Exalytics, see Section 4.8, "Installing Oracle
Database In-Memory for Oracle Exalytics."
Note:
Download and Install Oracle BI Applications 11.1.1.8.1
If deploying Oracle BI Applications 11.1.1.8.1, install Oracle BI Applications 11.1.1.8.1.
For information, see Section 4.5, "Installing and Configuring Oracle BI Applications
11.1.1.8.1 on an Exalytics Machine."
Download and Install Oracle Endeca 3.1
To install Oracle Endeca 3.1, see "Oracle Endeca Information Discovery"
documentation, the link to which is available from the Oracle Exalytics Documentation
Library.
2.2.2.2 Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) on an Exalytics
Machine Configured for Virtualization
You apply the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) on an Exalytics Machine
configured for virtualization. The Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
consists of Flash drivers, Flash utilities, and the Exalytics Domain Management Utility.
This section contains the following topics:
■
■
■
■
■
■
Section 2.2.2.2.1, "Who Should Install the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 on
an Exalytics Machine Configured for Virtualization?"
Section 2.2.2.2.2, "Prerequisites for Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5
on an Exalytics Machine Configured for Virtualization"
Section 2.2.2.2.3, "Upgrading Oracle Exalytics for Oracle VM 3.0.3 or Later Version
to Oracle VM 3.2.8"
Section 2.2.2.2.4, "Applying the Release 1 Patchset 5 on a Virtualized Environment"
Section 2.2.2.2.5, "Configuring Flash on an Exalytics Machine Configured for
Virtualization"
Section 2.2.2.2.6, "Upgrading and Patching Application Software Components on
an Exalytics Machine Configured for Virtualization"
2.2.2.2.1 Who Should Install the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 on an Exalytics Machine
Configured for Virtualization? This Patchset is available to all Exalytics virtualization
customers who are running Oracle VM server 3.0.3 or later version and Oracle VM
Manager 3.0.3 or later version.
Oracle recommends that all current customers running
Exalytics virtualization upgrade to Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset
5 (1.0.0.5).
Note:
2.2.2.2.2 Prerequisites for Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 on an Exalytics
Machine Configured for Virtualization The following prerequisites must be met before you
can apply Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 on an Exalytics virtualization:
2-10 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
■
■
■
You have one or more Exalytics Machines configured for virtualization.
You have upgraded to Oracle VM Server 3.2.8 and Oracle VM Manager 3.2.8 or
later version.
You have added Oracle VM Server to your Oracle VM Manager environment. To
add Oracle VM Servers to your Oracle VM Manager, see Section 3.1.2.2.2,
"Discovering Oracle VM Servers."
2.2.2.2.3
Upgrading Oracle Exalytics for Oracle VM 3.0.3 or Later Version to Oracle VM 3.2.8
If you have already upgraded to Oracle VM 3.2.8, you can
ignore this section and go directly to Section 2.2.2.2.4, "Applying the
Release 1 Patchset 5 on a Virtualized Environment."
Note:
This section consists of the following topics:
■
■
"Upgrading Oracle VM Manager 3.0.3 or Later Version to Oracle VM Manager
3.2.8+"
"Upgrading Oracle VM Server 3.0.3 (Base Image 2.0.1.1) or Later Version to Oracle
VM Server 3.2.8"
Upgrading Oracle VM Manager 3.0.3 or Later Version to Oracle VM Manager
3.2.8+
Oracle VM Manager provides a graphical user interface to manage Oracle VM Servers,
virtual machines, and resources.
If you are installing Oracle VM Manager for the first time, you
can install Oracle VM Manager 3.2.8 directly. For information, see
Section 3.1.2.2, "Installing and Configuring Oracle VM Manager 3.2.8."
Note:
To upgrade Oracle VM Manager 3.0.3 or later version to 3.2.8+:
1.
2.
Navigate to http://edelivery.oracle.com/oraclevm and perform the following
steps:
a.
In the Select a Product Pack list, select Oracle VM.
b.
In the Platform list, select x86-64 bit.
c.
Click Go.
d.
Select Oracle VM 3.2.8 Media Pack for x86-64 bit, and click Continue.
e.
Download Oracle VM Manager 3.2.8 - Upgrade only (Part Number
V44602-01).
Follow the readme instructions for upgrading Oracle VM Manager.
Upgrading Oracle VM Server 3.0.3 (Base Image 2.0.1.1) or Later Version to Oracle
VM Server 3.2.8
If you are configuring Exalytics Machine for virtualization for
the first time, you can install Oracle VM Server 3.2.8 directly. For
information on installing Oracle VM Server 3.2.8, see Section 3.1.2.1,
"Installing and Configuring Oracle VM Server 3.2.8."
Note:
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) 2-11
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
Upgrading Oracle VM Server 3.0.3 (Base Image 2.0.1.1) or later version to Oracle VM
Server 3.2.8 consists of the following steps:
1.
"Preupgrade Tasks"
2.
"Upgrading Oracle VM Server 3.0.3 (Base Image 2.0.1.1) or Later Version to Oracle
VM Server 3.2.8"
Preupgrade Tasks
This section consists of the following topics:
■
"Editing the Grub Configuration File to Increase Memory"
■
"Stopping and Starting Oracle VM Server"
Editing the Grub Configuration File to Increase Memory
Edit the Grub configuration file to increase the allocated memory from 2 GB to 16 GB.
To edit the Grub configuration file to increase memory:
1.
Log on as the root user.
2.
Open the /etc/grub.conf file in a text editor.
3.
Change the allocated memory from 2 GB to 16 GB.
4.
Modify the kernel /xen.gz line in grub.conf file so it displays as follows:
kernel /xen.gz dom0_mem=16384M allowsuperpage dom0_vcpus_pin dom0_
max_vcpus=20 no-bootscrub
5.
Modify the module/vmlinuz line in the grub.conf file so it displays as follows:
module /vmlinuz-2.6.39-300.32.6.el5uek ro
root=UUID=5d6c3568-1894-41cd-80d9-5d190b4529f5 no-bootscrub
swiotlb=131072
6.
Stop and start Oracle VM Server. For instructions, see "Stopping and Starting
Oracle VM Server".
Stopping and Starting Oracle VM Server
To stop and start Oracle VM Server:
1.
To stop and start Oracle VM Server, perform the following steps:
a.
Stop all applicable processes running on the Exalytics Machine.
b.
Stop all virtual machines running on the server.
c.
Connect to Oracle VM Manager.
d.
Select the Servers and VMs tab.
e.
In the left pane, expand Server Pools, and then select the server pool
containing the Exalytics Machine.
f.
Right-click the Exalytics Machine, and select Restart Server.
The Oracle VM Server stops and starts automatically.
2.
Confirm that Oracle VM Server has restarted.
2-12 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
Upgrading Oracle VM Server 3.0.3 (Base Image 2.0.1.1) or Later Version to Oracle
VM Server 3.2.8
Before you upgrade Oracle VM Server, ensure that you have upgraded Oracle VM
Manager.
To upgrade Oracle VM Server 3.0.3 (Base Image 2.0.1.1) or a later version to Oracle
VM Server 3.2.8:
1.
Stop Oracle VM Server, by performing the following steps:
a.
Stop all applicable processes running on the Exalytics Machine.
b.
Stop all virtual machines running on the server.
c.
Connect to Oracle VM Manager.
d.
Select the Servers and VMs tab.
e.
In the left pane, expand Server Pools, and then exalytics_server_pool.
f.
Right-click the Exalytics Machine, and select Stop Server.
For more information, see "Section 6.10.7 Stopping Oracle VM Servers" in Oracle
VM User's Guide for Release 3.2.
2.
In a web browser, display the following URL: http://edelivery.oracle.com and
download unzip the Oracle Exalytics Base Image 2.0.1.4.0 for Exalytics Oracle VM
x86-64 file (part number V 56222-01.zip) to a local directory.
The zip file contains the following iso file:
■
3.
Exalytics_Upgrade_OVS3.2.8_09252014.iso: You use this iso file to upgrade to
Oracle VM Server 3.2.8.
On the Exalytics Machine, connect and log on to Oracle Integrated Lights Out
Manager (ILOM).
If you are upgrading to Oracle VM Server 3.2.8 on an X2-4 or
X3-4 Exalytics Machine, you must use ILOM 3.1.2.24.d. If you are
upgrading to Oracle VM Server 3.2.8 on an X4-4 Exalytics Machine,
you must use ILOM version 3.2.4.18 or later version.
Note:
For the latest Exalytics certified ILOM versions, see the Oracle Exalytics
Certification Matrix. The Oracle Exalytics Certification Matrix is located
at:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/ias/downloads/f
usion-certification-100350.html
4.
On the Summary Information screen, under Actions, click Launch to launch the
Remote Console.
The ILOM remote console is displayed.
5.
Depending on the configuration of the Exalytics Machine, perform one of the
following actions:
■
For X2-4 or X3-4 Exalytics Machine, in ILOM version 3.1.2.24.d, from the menu
bar, select Devices, then CD-ROM Image to link the Oracle VM Server 3.2.8
upgrade image (Exalytics_Upgrade_OVS3.2.8_09252014.iso) as a remote
virtual CD-ROM in ILOM.
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) 2-13
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
■
For X4-4 Exalytics Machine, in ILOM version 3.2.4.18, from the menu bar,
select KVMS, then Storage. Click Add to link to the Oracle VM Server 3.2.8
upgrade image (Exalytics_Upgrade_OVS3.2.8_09252014.iso) as a remote
virtual CD-ROM in ILOM. Click Connect.
6.
In the left pane of the ILOM, expand Host Management, then click Host Control.
In the Next Boot Device list, select CDROM, then click Save.
7.
Restart the machine by expanding in the left pane of the ILOM, Host
Management, then click Power Control. In the Select Action list, select Power
Cycle, then click Save.
The Exalytics Machine restarts and the CD Found screen is displayed.
8.
Press OK to start the media test.
The Media Check screen is displayed.
9.
Press Test to test the CD in the drive.
At the conclusion of the test, the Media Check Result screen is displayed.
10. Press OK.
The Media Check screen is displayed.
11. Press Continue.
The Keyboard Selection screen is displayed.
12. Select the model keyboard attached to the Exalytics Machine, and click OK.
The OVS EULA screen is displayed.
13. Press Accept.
The System to Upgrade screen is displayed.
14. Select the currently installed Oracle VM Server, and press OK.
The Upgrade Boot Loader Configuration screen is displayed.
15. Select Skip updating boot loader configuration, and press OK.
16. Press OK.
17. Confirm the upgrade completes successfully, and then press Reboot.
The Exalytics Machine restarts.
18. Perform the following steps to rediscover the upgraded Oracle VM Server:
a.
Connect to Oracle VM Manager.
b.
Select the Servers and VMs tab.
c.
In the left pane, expand Server Pools, and then exalytics_server_pool.
d.
Right-click the Exalytics Machine and select Rediscover Server.
e.
Enter the following information for the server:
- Oracle VM Agent Port. The default port number is 8899.
- Oracle VM Agent Password. The default password is "oracle".
- IP Address.
f.
Click OK.
2-14 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
For more information, see "Section 6.10.7 Stopping Oracle VM Servers" in Oracle VM
User's Guide for Release 3.2.
2.2.2.2.4 Applying the Release 1 Patchset 5 on a Virtualized Environment This section consists
of the following topics:
■
"Upgrading Exalytics Base Image for Oracle VM to 2.0.1.4"
■
"Upgrading Oracle VM Guest to 2.0.1.4"
■
"Optional: Creating Oracle VM Guest 2.0.1.4"
Upgrading Exalytics Base Image for Oracle VM to 2.0.1.4
You upgrade the Exalytics Base Image for Oracle VM 2.0.1.4 by applying the patch on
Oracle VM Server. The patch upgrades the Base Image to 2.0.1.4, installs Flash drivers
and utilities.
To upgrade Oracle Exalytics Base Image for Oracle VM to 2.0.1.4:
1.
Navigate to My Oracle Support and download patch number 18961186: Patchset
Upgrade Utility for Exalytics Base Image 2.0.1.4 Oracle VM for Linux x86-64. The
patch contains the p18961186_10050_Linux-x86-64.zip file.
The zipped file contains Flash drivers and Flash configuration scripts.
2.
Log on to the Exalytics Machine as the root user.
3.
Extract the contents of the file into an appropriate directory on the Exalytics
Machine.
4.
Unzip the file into a temporary (/tmp) directory.
The following directory is created:
exalytics_ovs_server_base_image_upgrade_to_2.0.1.4.0.
5.
Navigate to the directory by entering the following command:
# cd exalytics_ovs_server_base_image_upgrade_to_2.0.1.4.0
6.
To upgrade the Base Image to 2.0.1.4 and to install Flash, enter the following
command:
# ./exalytics_ovs_server_base_image_upgrade_to_2.0.1.4.0.sh
The output looks similar to the following:
OS Version check passed..
Update to 2.0.1.4.0 starting at Mon Sep 15 10:41:28 EDT 2014
Skipping removing rpm kernel-ib-devel as it doesn't exist...
Skipping removing rpm kernel-ib as it doesn't exist...
Skipping removing rpm ibvf-config as it doesn't exist...
Done
Applying rpm exalytics-flash-1.0.0.6-3.x86_64.rpm
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
1:exalytics-flash ########################################### [100%]
postInstall (exalytics-flash) 1 ...
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL] Updating exalytics-flash-config file to set FLASH_
INSTALL_TYPE=OVS ...
postInstall (exalytics-flash) 1; done
Applying rpm openib-1.5.4.1-4.0.16.el5.noarch.rpm
warning: ./rpms/openib-1.5.4.1-4.0.16.el5.noarch.rpm: Header V3 DSA signature:
NOKEY, key ID 1e5e0159
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) 2-15
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
1:openib ########################################### [100%]
Applying rpm ovsvf-config-1.0-10.noarch.rpm
warning: ./rpms/ovsvf-config-1.0-10.noarch.rpm: Header V3 DSA signature: NOKEY,
key ID 1e5e0159
error: Failed dependencies:
infiniband-diags is needed by ovsvf-config-1.0-10.noarch
sed: cannot rename /etc//sedHbkLxt: Invalid cross-device link
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
1:infiniband-diags ########################################### [100%]
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
1:exalogic.tools ########################################### [100%]
-------------------------------------------------------Successfully installed exalogic.tools
-------------------------------------------------------.....[exalogic.tools] := Post Transaction called...............
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
1:libibumad ########################################### [100%]
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
1:libibmad ########################################### [100%]
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
1:opensm-libs ########################################### [100%]
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
1:opensm ########################################### [100%]
[EXALOGIC_INFO:GENERAL] Configuring Xen bridge...
[EXALOGIC_INFO:GENERAL] Adding GATEWAY to
/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-xenbr0...
grep: /tmp/cur_network.conf: No such file or directory
[EXALOGIC_INFO:GENERAL] Xen bridge is configured
Running post patch script
file /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-bondib0 not found
/usr/lib/init-exalogic-node/init-ipoib.sh not exist in /etc/rc.local , nothing
to delete
Completed post patch script
Expected base image version number not found in
/usr/lib/init-exalogic-node/.image_id so not updating
Image name in imageinfo is already uptodate
finished; Mon Sep 15 10:41:31 EDT 2014
finished; Mon Sep 15 10:41:31 EDT 2014
7.
To verify that the upgrade was successful, enter the following command:
# imageinfo
The output looks similar to the following:
Exalytics 2.0.1.4.0 (build:r)
Image version : 2.0.1.4.0
Image build version :
Creation timestamp : 2014-09-09 11:47:59 -0400
Kernel version : 2.6.32.21-45.6xen
Image activated : 2014-09-02 04:02:58 -0500
Image status : SUCCESS
8.
To verify that Flash is installed and the number of Flash cards installed, enter the
following command:
# ddcli
For an X2-4 or X3-4 configuration, six Flash cards are displayed. The output looks
similar to the following:
2-16 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
****************************************************************************
LSI Corporation WarpDrive Management Utility
Version 107.00.00.04 (2012.06.05)
Copyright (c) 2011 LSI Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
****************************************************************************
ID
-1
2
3
4
5
6
WarpDrive
Package Version
----------------------ELP-4x100-4d-n
06.05.09.00
ELP-4x100-4d-n
06.05.09.00
ELP-4x100-4d-n
06.05.07.00
ELP-4x100-4d-n
06.05.07.00
ELP-4x100-4d-n
06.05.01.00
ELP-4x100-4d-n
06.05.01.00
Note:
PCI Address
----------00:11:00:00
00:21:00:00
00:31:00:00
00:a1:00:00
00:c1:00:00
00:d1:00:00
For an X4-4 configuration, three Flash cards are displayed.
Upgrading Oracle VM Guest to 2.0.1.4
You can either upgrade Oracle VM Guest to 2.0.1.4 or create
Oracle VM Guest 2.0.1.4. See "Optional: Creating Oracle VM Guest
2.0.1.4."
Note:
You upgrade Oracle VM Guest to 2.0.1.4 by applying the patch on each Oracle VM
Guest in your system. The patch upgrades Oracle VM Guest to 2.0.1.4.
You must apply the patch mentioned in this section on each
Oracle VM Guest and not on Oracle VM Server.
Note:
To upgrade Oracle VM Guest to 2.0.1.4:
1.
Navigate to My Oracle Support and download patch number 20237669: Upgrade
Utility for Exalytics Virtualized Guest from 2.0.1.0.0 to 2.0.1.4.0 that contains the
p20237669_10050_Linux-x86-64.zip file.
2.
Log in to Oracle VM Guest as the root user.
3.
Using FTP, extract the contents of the file into a temporary (/tmp) directory on the
Exalytics Oracle VM Guest.
4.
Enter the following commands to navigate to the /tmp directory and unzip the zip
file:
# cd/tmp
# unzip p20237669_10050_Linux-x86-64.zip
5.
Disable all existing yum repositories (if any), by performing the following actions:
a.
Enter the following command to check for any existing repositories:
Check /etc/yum/repos.d/ directory
b.
6.
Set enabled=0 for each existing repository.
Enter the following command to run the upgrade script:
# ./update.sh
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) 2-17
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
7.
Restart Oracle VM Guest from Oracle VM Manager.
8.
Enter the following commands to verify the current RPM versions:
# uname - rm
The following output is displayed:
2.6.39-400.215.8.el5uek x86_64
# cat /etc/oracle - release
The following output is displayed:
Oracle Linux Server release 5.8
Optional: Creating Oracle VM Guest 2.0.1.4
You can ignore this section if you have upgraded Oracle VM
Guest to 2.0.1.4. See "Upgrading Oracle VM Guest to 2.0.1.4."
Note:
This section consists of following topics:
■
"Downloading VM Templates"
■
"Importing VM Templates into Oracle VM Manager"
■
"Creating Virtual Machines from the VM Template"
■
"Applying the Exalytics Domain Management Utility Patch"
Downloading VM Templates
To install and configure Oracle VM Guest 2.0.1.4, you must download the latest VM
templates.
To download VM templates:
1.
Navigate to the Oracle Software Delivery Cloud web site at the following link:
http://edelivery.oracle.com
2.
In the Select a Product Pack list, select Oracle Business Intelligence.
3.
In the Platform list, select Linux X86-64.
4.
Click Go.
5.
Select Oracle Exalytics Software Media Pack for Linux x86-64 (Release 1.0.0.5.0).
6.
Click Continue.
7.
Download the Oracle Exalytics Oracle VM Template 2.0.1.4.0 (Part Number:
V56221-01).
8.
Save it on a web server.
Importing VM Templates into Oracle VM Manager
After downloading the templates, you import them into Oracle VM Manager.
To import VM templates into Oracle VM Manager:
1.
Log on to Oracle VM Manager.
2.
Select the Repositories tab.
2-18 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
3.
In the left pane, select the Repository in which you want to store the template.
4.
Select VM Templates.
5.
In the toolbar, click Import VM Template to display the Import VM Template
dialog.
6.
Select the Oracle VM Server and enter the URL or FTP server to the VM template
that you downloaded on the web server.
7.
Click OK to import the VM template.
Creating Virtual Machines from the VM Template
After importing the template in Oracle VM Manager, you use the template to create
virtual machines.
To create virtual machines from the VM template:
1.
Select the Servers and VMs tab.
2.
Log on to Oracle VM Manager.
3.
In the left pane toolbar, click Create Virtual Machine.
The Create Virtual Machine dialog is displayed.
4.
Select Clone from an existing VM Template.
5.
Perform the following steps:
6.
a.
In the Clone Count list, select the number of machines you want to clone.
b.
In the Repository list, select a repository for the machine.
c.
In the VM Template list, select the VM template from which you want to create
the virtual machine.
d.
Enter a name for the virtual machine.
e.
In the Server Pool list, select a server pool.
f.
Enter a description for the virtual machine.
Click Finish.
The virtual machine is created and is ready to be configured.
To configure and start a virtual machine, configure a network on a virtual
machine, configure a virtual machine for HVM with PV drivers, and configure
SWAP on a virtual machine, see Section 3.6, "Maintaining Virtual Machines."
For more information, see "Chapter 7, Managing Virtual Machines" in Oracle VM
User's Guide for Release 3.2.
Applying the Exalytics Domain Management Utility Patch
You apply the Exalytics Domain Management Utility patch on each Oracle VM Guest.
To apply the Exalytics Domain Management Utility patch:
1.
Navigate to My Oracle Support.
2.
Download patch number 18961173 - Exalytics Patchset Upgrade 2.0.1.4 EDMU
Utility for VM Guest.
The patch number contains the p18961173_10050_Linux-x86-64.zip file.
3.
Extract the zip file to a local directory.
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) 2-19
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
4.
Log on as root user.
5.
Apply the patch by entering the following command:
./exalytics_ovm_guest_edmu_2.0.1.4.0.sh
The patch is applied successfully and an output similar to the following is
displayed:
OS Version check passed..
Preparing...
###########################################
1:exalytics-domain-config###########################################
Preparing...
###########################################
1:exalytics-vm-hardware-c###########################################
Done
[100%]
[100%]
[100%]
[100%]
2.2.2.2.5 Configuring Flash on an Exalytics Machine Configured for Virtualization This section
is applicable only for the following customers who have Flash storage:
■
■
Customers running Exalytics X3-4 or X4-4 machines
Customers running Exalytics X2-4 machines with Upgrade kits (Flash Upgrade Kit
or Memory and Flash Upgrade Kit
Note:
■
■
The following customers can ignore this section:
Oracle Exalytics X2-4 customers who do not have Upgrade kits
(Flash Upgrade Kit or Memory and Flash Upgrade Kit).
Oracle Exalytics X3-4 or X2-4 customers with Upgrade kits who
have already configured Flash.
To verify that you have already configured Flash, navigate to
Oracle VM Manager and confirm that the names of the Flash
drives in Oracle VM Manager are the same as the names specified
in the FlashDriveMappings file.
This section consists of the following topics:
■
"Configuring Flash on Oracle VM Server"
■
"Configuring RAID1 for Flash in Oracle Virtual Machine"
■
"Configuring RAID10 for Flash in Oracle Virtual Machine"
Configuring Flash on Oracle VM Server
Each X2-4 and X3-4 Exalytics Machine contains six 400 GB Flash cards. Each Flash card
contains four 100 GB drives, for a total of 24 individual drives with a capacity of 2400
GB. Each X4-4 Exalytics Machine contains three 800 GB Flash card. Each Flash card
contains four 200 GB drives, for a total of 12 individual drives with a capacity of 2400
GB. You next configure Flash to enable names of the Flash drives on Oracle VM Server
to be read by Oracle VM Manager.
Before Oracle Exalytics X2-4 customers with Flash Upgrade
kits can configure Flash, they must have Oracle Field Services
engineers install six Flash cards on the Exalytics Machine being used
for virtualization.
Note:
2-20 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
To configure Flash on Oracle VM Server:
1.
Log on to the Exalytics Machine as the root user.
2.
To create a FlashDriveMappings file, enter the following command:
# /opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics_flashovsrepos.sh -script >
~/flashDriveMappings
The FlashDriveMappings file extracts the names of the Flash drives on Oracle VM
Server into a text file.
3.
Navigate to the /root directory to view the text file.
4.
On Oracle VM Server, copy the FlashDriveMappings file to the
/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics_ovm_scripts/ folder and then tar the FlashDriveMappings
file by entering the following commands:
# cd /opt/exalytics/bin/
# tar -cvf exalytics_ovm_scripts.tar exalytics_ovm_scripts/
5.
Copy the tar file to the machine where Oracle VM Manager is installed.
6.
Connect to machine where Oracle VM Manager is installed.
7.
Navigate to the directory where you copied the scripts and the
FlashDriveMappings file.
8.
To untar the file, enter the following command:
# tar -xvf exalytics_ovm_scripts.tar
9.
To confirm that the "expect" package is available, enter the following command:
# rpm -qa | grep expect
If the "expect" package is not available, install it before proceeding to Step 10.
10. To rename the Flash drives in Oracle VM Manager, navigate to the exalytics_ovm_
scripts folder and enter the following command:
# ./exalytics_ovm_rename_flash.sh <path_to _flashmappingfile> <Oracle
VM Manager Username> < Oracle VM Manager Password> <Exalytics_Machine_
Configuration>
where Exalytics_Machine_Configuration is x2-4, x3-4, or x4-4.
The names of the Flash drives in Oracle VM Manager now appears the same as the
names specified in the FlashDriveMappings file.
11. Attach the Flash drives to Oracle VM Manager by performing the following tasks:
a.
In Oracle VM Manager, select the Server and VMs tab.
b.
In the left pane, select the server pool on which the virtual machine resides.
c.
From the Perspective list, select Virtual Machines.
d.
In the Management pane, select a virtual machine.
e.
In the toolbar, click Edit.
The Edit Virtual Machine dialog is displayed.
f.
Click the Disks tab.
g.
Under Disk Type, select Physical Disk.
h.
Under Actions, select Select a Virtual Machine Disk.
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) 2-21
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
Select a Physical Disk page is displayed.
i.
Select the Flash card you want to attach to Oracle VM Guest Machine, and
click OK.
j.
Repeat the previous step to attach other Flash cards to Oracle VM Guest
Machine.
12. In Oracle VM Manager, select the Servers and VMs tab.
13. In the left pane, expand Server Pools, and then select exalytics_server_pool.
14. From the Perspective list, select Virtual Machines.
15. In the Management pane, select a virtual machine.
16. Click the expand arrow to the left of the selected virtual machine.
17. Click the Disks tab.
18. Confirm that the Flash drives attached to Oracle VM Guest Machine are displayed.
Configuring RAID1 for Flash in Oracle Virtual Machine
RAID Level 1 is usually referred to as mirroring. RAID Level 1 duplicates data from
one drive on a second drive so that if either drive fails, no data is lost. This is useful
when reliability is more important than data storage capacity.
When configuring RAID10, ensure that the Flash drives on
RAID10 are from different Flash cards. This ensures that no data is lost
if one Flash card fails.
Note:
The following procedure assumes you have attached the Flash drives to Oracle VM
Manager.
In this example, RAID1 is configured for two (xvdb and xvdc)
Flash drives that are on two different Flash cards. Depending on your
configuration, you can configure RAID1 for a different number of
Flash drives.
Note:
To configure RAID1 for Flash in Oracle Virtual Machine:
1.
Connect as a root user to the Oracle Virtual Machine to which you attached the
Flash drives.
2.
Identify the Flash drives.
For example: xvdb and xvdc
3.
To configure RAID1 for the two Flash drives (xvdb and xvdc), enter the following
command:
# /sbin/mdadm --create /dev/md2 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 /dev/xvdb
/dev/xvdc
4.
To add the RAID1 configuration to the RAID configuration file, enter the following
command:
# mdadm --detail --scan --verbose >> /etc/mdadm.conf
This enables the RAID configuration to be recognized when Oracle VM Manager
restarts.
2-22 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
5.
To create a file system on the new RAID1 device, enter the following command:
# mkfs -t ext4 /dev/md2
6.
To create a new directory (/u02) on the virtual disk, enter the following command:
# mkdir -p /u02
7.
To mount the RAID1 on this directory, enter the following command:
# mount /dev/md2 /u02
/u02 is created as the new Flash drive.
8.
To update the file system, enter the following command:
# echo "/dev/md2 /u02 ext4 defaults 0 0" >> /etc/fstab
Configuring RAID10 for Flash in Oracle Virtual Machine
RAID10 is also known as RAID 1+0. RAID10 combines disk mirroring and disk
striping to protect data. A RAID10 configuration requires a minimum of four disks,
and stripes data across mirrored pairs. As long as one disk in each mirrored pair is
functional, data can be retrieved. To configure RAID10, you combine RAID1and RAID
0. RAID10 provides both redundancy (as RAID1 provides mirroring) and performance
(as RAID0 provides striping) and is the best option for critical applications. One
disadvantage is that only 50% of the total capacity of the drives is available due to
mirroring.
When configuring RAID10, ensure that the Flash drives on
RAID10 are from different Flash cards. This ensures that no data is lost
if one Flash card fails.
Note:
The following procedure assumes you have attached the Flash drives to Oracle VM
Manager.
In this example, RAID10 is configured for four (xvdc, xvdd,
xvde, and xvdf) Flash drives that are on two different Flash cards.
Depending on your configuration needs, you can create additional
RAID1 devices each with two Flash devices (as in step 3), and then
raid them with RAID0 (as in step 5).
Note:
To configure RAID10 for Flash in Oracle Virtual Machine:
1.
Connect as a root user to the Oracle Virtual Machine to which you attached the
Flash drives.
2.
Identify the Flash drives.
For example: xvdc, xvdd, xvde, and xvdf.
3.
To configure RAID1 for the four Flash drives (xvdc, xvdd, xvde, and xvdf), enter
the following commands:
# /sbin/mdadm --create /dev/md1 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 /dev/xvdc
/dev/xvdd
# /sbin/mdadm --create /dev/md2 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 /dev/xvde
/dev/xvdf
4.
To create a file system on the new RAID1 device, enter the following commands:
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) 2-23
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
# mkfs -t ext4 /dev/md1
# mkfs -t ext4 /dev/md2
5.
To configure RAID0, enter the following command:
# /sbin/mdadm --create /dev/md0 --level=0 --raid-devices=2 /dev/md1
/dev/md2
6.
To create a file system on the new RAID0 device, enter the following command:
# mkfs -t ext4 /dev/md0
7.
To create a new directory (/u02) on the virtual disk, enter the following command:
# mkdir -p /u02
8.
To mount the RAID0 on this directory, enter the following command:
# mount /dev/md0 /u02
/u02 is created as the new Flash drive.
9.
To add the RAID0 configuration to the RAID configuration file, enter the following
command:
# mdadm --detail --scan --verbose >> /etc/mdadm.conf
This enables the RAID configuration to be recognized when Oracle VM Manager
restarts.
10. To update the file system, enter the following command:
# echo "/dev/md0 /u02 ext4 defaults 0 0" >> /etc/fstab
2.2.2.2.6 Upgrading and Patching Application Software Components on an Exalytics Machine
Configured for Virtualization
This section is for existing Exalytics virtualization customers
that are already running application software components. New
Exalytics virtualization customers, proceed to Chapter 4, "Installing
Software on an Exalytics Machine."
Note:
Depending on your deployment, upgrade and patch newly certified application
software components for this release.
Before you upgrade and patch the application software components, ensure you are
installing the latest Exalytics certified software application versions. See Oracle
Exalytics Certification Matrix for the latest certifications. The Oracle Exalytics Certification
Matrix is located at:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/ias/downloads/fusion-certific
ation-100350.html
The process of upgrading and patching application software components on virtual
machines is similar to upgrading and patching them on the non-virtualized Exalytics
Machine. For more information, see the following:
■
"Download and Install Oracle BI EE 11.1.1.7.x"
■
"Download and Install Oracle Timesten 11.2.2.7.x"
■
"Download and Install Oracle BI Applications 11.1.1.8.1"
■
"Download and Install Oracle Endeca 3.1"
2-24 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
2.2.3 Postinstallation Instructions for Upgrading or Patching Oracle Business
Intelligence Software
This section is for existing customers that are upgrading or
patching Oracle Business Intelligence software. New customers,
proceed to Chapter 4, "Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine."
Note:
To ensure that Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition and Oracle TimesTen
data type mapping and other optimizations are consistent and can be leveraged, you
must complete postinstallation steps for the following Oracle Exalytics components:
■
Section 2.2.3.1, "Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database"
■
Section 2.2.3.2, "Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition"
2.2.3.1 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database
This section contains the following topics:
■
Section 2.2.3.1.1, "Configure Oracle TimesTen Checkpoint Frequency"
■
Section 2.2.3.1.2, "Other Postinstallation Steps"
2.2.3.1.1
Configure Oracle TimesTen Checkpoint Frequency
To ensure Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition sets the Oracle TimesTen
checkpoint frequency, perform the following configuration steps after upgrading
Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database. Failure to perform this configuration may
adversely affect Oracle TimesTen performance.
To configure Oracle TimesTen checkpoint frequency:
1.
Open the timesten-install-dir/info/sys.odbc.ini file.
2.
Find the DSN entry for the schema used for Aggregate Persistence.
3.
Do one of the following:
■
■
If you are loading data in Oracle TimesTen database using aggregate
persistence, edit the three parameters as follows:
–
CkptFrequency=-1
–
CkptLogVolume=0
–
CkptRate=0
If you are loading data in Oracle TimesTen database without using aggregate
persistence, use a different server DSN and edit the three parameters as
follows:
–
CkptFrequency=30
–
CkptLogVolume=0
–
CkptRate=0
2.2.3.1.2 Other Postinstallation Steps To complete other postinstallation steps in Oracle
TimesTen:
1.
Re-create existing datastores for Oracle TimesTen.
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) 2-25
Applying the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)
2.
If you are installing Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 on Oracle Exalytics
Release 1 Patchset 3, then rebuild aggregates using the nqcmd utility. For more
information, see "Creating and Persisting Aggregates for Oracle BI Server Queries"
in Oracle Fusion Middleware Metadata Repository Builder's Guide for Oracle Business
Intelligence Enterprise Edition.
2.2.3.2 Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition
This section contains the following topics:
■
Section 2.2.3.2.1, "Edit the opmn.xml File"
■
Section 2.2.3.2.2, "Reinstall Oracle Business Intelligence Client Installer"
2.2.3.2.1 Edit the opmn.xml File For faster aggregation and better performance, Oracle
recommends that you edit the opmn.xml file to include the appropriate elements.
Ensure that you edit the opmn.xml file on each Exalytics Machine that is configured in
a highly available clustered environment.
To edit the opmn.xml file to improve aggregation and performance:
1.
Open the opmn.xml file (which is located in MW_
HOME/instances/instance1/config/OPMN/opmn).
2.
Insert the following child elements under <ias-component id="coreapplication_
obis1" inherit-environment="true"><environment>:
a.
<variable id="ORACLE_BI_TT_DISABLE_REDO_LOGGING" value="1"/>
Creates faster aggregation.
b.
<variable id="ORACLE_BI_TT_PARALLEL_INDEX_CREATION" value="1"/>
Creates indexes in parallel, thereby creating faster aggregation.
c.
<variable id="ORACLE_BI_TT_BACKGROUND_CHECKPOINT_INTERVAL"
value="5"/>
This BI Server controlled parameter determines the frequency of Oracle
TimesTen datastores that are stored to disk (datastore persistence). The default
value is every 10 seconds. The smaller the number of the "value", the more
often Oracle TimesTen stores datastores to disk.
3.
Stop and start the Notification Server.
a.
Go to the following directory that contains the OPMN command-line tool:
MW_HOME/instances/instance1/bin
b.
Enter the following command:
./opmnctl stopall
Stops OPMN and all Oracle Business Intelligence system components.
c.
Enter the following command:
./opmnctl startall
Starts OPMN and all Oracle Business Intelligence system components.
2.2.3.2.2 Reinstall Oracle Business Intelligence Client Installer For information about
installing Oracle Business Intelligence Client Tools, see "Installing and Uninstalling
Oracle Business Intelligence Client Tools" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide
for Oracle Business Intelligence.
2-26 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Configuring Flash and Replacing a Defective Flash Card on a Non-Virtual Exalytics Machine
2.2.4 Deinstallation Instructions for the Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5
If you experience any problems after installing the patch, then Oracle recommends
that you roll back all Oracle Exalytics component patches. Do not rollback one or two
individual component patches. Instructions for rollback are included in the
component-specific ReadMe files.
If you encounter any issues while applying any patch updates, then contact Oracle
Support.
2.3 Configuring Flash and Replacing a Defective Flash Card on a
Non-Virtual Exalytics Machine
This section contains the following topics:
■
Section 2.3.1, "License to Receive Open Source Code"
■
Section 2.3.2, "Prerequisites for Configuring Flash"
■
Section 2.3.3, "Configuring Flash"
■
Section 2.3.4, "Replacing a Defective Flash Card"
2.3.1 License to Receive Open Source Code
The license for each component is located in the documentation, which may be
delivered with the Oracle Linux programs or accessed online at
http://oss.oracle.com/linux/legal/oracle-list.html and/or in the component's source
code.
For technology in binary form that is licensed under an open source license that gives
you the right to receive the source code for that binary, you may be able to obtain a
copy of the applicable source code at these site(s):
https://edelivery.oracle.com/linux
If the source code for such technology was not provided to you with the binary, you
can also receive a copy of the source code on physical media by submitting a written
request to:
Oracle America, Inc.
Attn: Oracle Linux Source Code Requests
Development and Engineering Legal
500 Oracle Parkway, 10th Floor
Redwood Shores, CA 94065
Your request should include:
■
The name of the component or binary file(s) for which you are requesting the
source code
■
The name and version number of the Oracle Software
■
The date you received the Oracle Software
■
Your name
■
Your company name (if applicable)
■
Your return mailing address and email
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) 2-27
Configuring Flash and Replacing a Defective Flash Card on a Non-Virtual Exalytics Machine
■
A telephone number in the event we need to reach you.
We may charge you a fee to cover the cost of physical media and processing. Your
request must be sent (i) within three (3) years of the date you received technology that
included the component or binary file(s) that are the subject of your request, or (ii) in
the case of code licensed under the GPL v3, for as long as Oracle offers spare parts or
customer support for that Software model.
2.3.2 Prerequisites for Configuring Flash
The following prerequisites must be met before configuring Flash on the Exalytics
Machine:
■
■
You are running Exalytics Base Image 1.0.0.7 or later version.
Oracle Field Services engineers have installed and configured six Flash cards (on
an X2-4 and X3-4 Exalytics Machine) or have configured three Flash cards (on an
X4-4 Exalytics Machine).
2.3.3 Configuring Flash
When you upgrade to Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5, Flash drivers are included
in the Exalytics Base Image 1.0.0.7. To improve the performance and storage capacity
of the Exalytics Machine you must configure Flash.
Note:
The installed Flash drivers use software RAID.
Oracle supports two types of RAID configurations:
■
■
RAID10: Is usually referred to as stripe of mirrors and is the most common RAID
configuration. RAID10 duplicates and stripes data from one drive on a second
drive so that if either drive fails, no data is lost. This is useful when reliability is
more important than data storage capacity.
RAID05: In RAID05 all drives are combined to work as a single drive. Data is
transferred to disks by independent read and write operations. You need at least
three disks for a RAID05 array.
This section consists of the following topics:
■
Section 2.3.3.1, "Configuring Flash on an X2-4 and X3-4 Exalytics Machine"
■
Section 2.3.3.2, "Configuring Flash on an X4-4 Exalytics Machine"
2.3.3.1 Configuring Flash on an X2-4 and X3-4 Exalytics Machine
This section is for users who want to configure new Flash, or
re-configure existing Flash configuration. If you do not want to
re-configure an existing Flash configuration, you can skip this section.
Note that reconfiguring Flash will delete all existing data on the Flash
cards.
Note:
An X2-4 and X3-4 Exalytics Machine is configured with six Flash cards. Each Flash
card has four 100 GB drives.
Depending on your requirements, you can configure Flash for the following
combinations:
2-28 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Configuring Flash and Replacing a Defective Flash Card on a Non-Virtual Exalytics Machine
■
RAID10
Oracle recommends that you do not configure RAID05 on an
X2-4 or X3-4 Exalytics Machine.
Note:
■
EXT3 or EXT4 file system
Note:
Oracle recommends you configure Flash on the EXT4 file
system.
To configure Flash:
1.
Restart the Exalytics Machine using ILOM.
a.
Log on to the ILOM web-based interface.
b.
In the left pane of the ILOM, expand Host Management, then click Power
Control. In the Select Action list, select Power Cycle, then click Save.
The Exalytics Machine restarts.
2.
Enter the following command as a root user:
# /opt/exalytics/bin/configure_flash.sh --<RAID_TYPE> --<FS_TYPE>
For example:
■
To configure Flash for a RAID10 configuration, enter the following command:
# /opt/exalytics/bin/configure_flash.sh --RAID10 --EXT4
The following procedure assumes configuring Flash for a
RAID10 configuration.
Note:
The following warning, applicable only for software RAID, is displayed: "This
flash configuration script will remove any existing RAID arrays, as well as remove
any partitions on any flash drives and will create a new RAID array across all
these flash drives. This will result in ALL DATA BEING LOST from these drives.
Do you still want to proceed with this flash configuration script? (yes/no)"
3.
Enter Yes at the prompt to continue running the script.
The script performs the following tasks:
■
■
■
4.
Erases all existing RAID configuration on the Flash cards.
Distributes multiple RAID1 disks so that two parts of the RAID belong to
different cards.
Stripes all Flash RAID1 drives into a single RAID0.
To verify that Flash has been configured correctly, enter the following command:
# df -h
The output should look similar to the following:
Filesystem
Size
718G
99M
1010G
Used
4.4G
15M
0
Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol00
677G
1%
//dev/sda1
79M
16% /boottmpfs
1010G
0% /dev/shm/dev/md0
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) 2-29
Configuring Flash and Replacing a Defective Flash Card on a Non-Virtual Exalytics Machine
1.1T
199M
1.1T
1%
/u02
Flash is configured as shown in Figure 2–1.
■
■
■
Each Flash card (F1, F2, F3, and so on) has four 100 GB drives. Each drive
maps to a device, such as /dev/sdg, /dev/sdh, /dev/sdi, /dev/sdj, and so
on.
Two Flash drives are configured on RAID1 /dev/md1, two Flash drives are
configured on RAID1 /dev/md2, two Flash drives are configured on RAID1
/dev/md3, and so on, for a total of twelve RAID1s.
The twelve RAID1s are configured on the parent RAID0 /dev/md0.
Figure 2–1 Flash Configuration on RAID10 for an X2-4 and X3-4 Exalytics Machine
5.
To verify the status of Flash cards, enter the following command:
# /opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics_CheckFlash.sh
The output for all the six Flash cards should look similar to the following:
Fetching some info on installed flash drives ....
Driver version :
01.250.41.04 (2012.06.04)
Supported number of flash drives detected (6)
Flash card 1 :
Overall health status : GOOD
Size (in MB) : 381468
Capacity (in bytes) : 400000000000
Firmware Version : 108.05.00.00
Devices: /dev/sdd /dev/sdc /dev/sdf /dev/sde
Flash card 2 :
Overall health status : GOOD
Size (in MB) : 381468
Capacity (in bytes) : 400000000000
Firmware Version : 108.05.00.00
Devices: /dev/sdg /dev/sdj /dev/sdi /dev/sdh
Flash card 3 :
Overall health status : GOOD
Size (in MB) : 381468
Capacity (in bytes) : 400000000000
2-30 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Configuring Flash and Replacing a Defective Flash Card on a Non-Virtual Exalytics Machine
Firmware Version : 108.05.00.00
Devices: /dev/sdm /dev/sdk /dev/sdn /dev/sdl
Flash card 4 :
Overall health status : GOOD
Size (in MB) : 381468
Capacity (in bytes) : 400000000000
Firmware Version : 108.05.00.00
Devices: /dev/sdp /dev/sdo /dev/sdq /dev/sdr
Flash card 5 :
Overall health status : GOOD
Size (in MB) : 381468
Capacity (in bytes) : 400000000000
Firmware Version : 108.05.00.00
Devices: /dev/sdu /dev/sdt /dev/sdv /dev/sds
Flash card 6 :
Overall health status : GOOD
Size (in MB) : 381468
Capacity (in bytes) : 400000000000
Firmware Version : 108.05.00.00
Devices: /dev/sdx /dev/sdw /dev/sdy /dev/sdz
2.3.3.2 Configuring Flash on an X4-4 Exalytics Machine
An X4-4 Exalytics Machine is configured with three Flash cards. Each Flash card has
four 200 GB drives.
Depending on your requirements, you can configure Flash for the following
combinations:
■
RAID10 or RAID05
■
EXT3 or EXT4 file system
Note:
Oracle recommends you configure Flash on the EXT4 file
system.
To configure Flash:
1.
Restart the Exalytics Machine using ILOM.
a.
Log on to the ILOM web-based interface.
b.
In the left pane of the ILOM, expand Host Management, then click Power
Control. In the Select Action list, select Power Cycle, then click Save.
The Exalytics Machine restarts.
2.
Enter the following command as a root user:
# /opt/exalytics/bin/configure_flash.sh --<RAID_TYPE> --<FS_TYPE>
For example:
■
To configure Flash for a RAID10 configuration, enter the following command:
# /opt/exalytics/bin/configure_flash.sh --RAID10 --EXT4
■
To configure Flash for a RAID05 configuration, enter the following command:
# /opt/exalytics/bin/configure_flash.sh --RAID05 --EXT4
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) 2-31
Configuring Flash and Replacing a Defective Flash Card on a Non-Virtual Exalytics Machine
Flash is configured for a RAID05 configuration as shown in Figure 2–3.
The following procedure assumes configuring Flash for a
RAID10 configuration.
Note:
The following warning, applicable only for software RAID, is displayed: "This
flash configuration script will remove any existing RAID arrays, as well as remove
any partitions on any flash drives and will create a new RAID array across all
these flash drives. This will result in ALL DATA BEING LOST from these drives.
Do you still want to proceed with this flash configuration script? (yes/no)"
3.
Enter Yes at the prompt to continue running the script.
The script performs the following tasks:
■
■
■
4.
Erases all existing RAID configuration on the Flash cards.
Distributes multiple RAID1 disks so that two parts of the RAID belong to
different cards.
Stripes all Flash RAID1 drives into a single RAID0.
To verify that Flash has been configured correctly, enter the following command:
# df -h
The output should look similar to the following:
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on/dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol00
989G
23G 915G
3%
//dev/mapper/VolGroup01-LogVol00
3.2T
13G 3.0T
1%
/u01/dev/sda1
99M
25M
70M 27%
/boottmpfs
1010G
0
1010G 0%
/dev/shm/dev/md0
1.1T 199M 1.1T
1%
/u02
Flash is configured as shown in Figure 2–2.
■
■
■
Each Flash card (F1, F2, and F3) has four 200 GB drives. Each drive maps to a
device, such as /dev/sdg, /dev/sdh, /dev/sdi, /dev/sdj, and so on.
Two Flash drives are configured on RAID1 /dev/md1, two Flash drives are
configured on RAID1 /dev/md2, two Flash drives are configured on RAID1
/dev/md3, and so on, for a total of six RAID1s.
The six RAID1s are configured on the parent RAID0 /dev/md0.
Figure 2–2 Flash Configuration on RAID10 for an X4-4 Exalytics Machine
5.
To verify the status of Flash cards, enter the following command:
# /opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics_CheckFlash.sh
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Configuring Flash and Replacing a Defective Flash Card on a Non-Virtual Exalytics Machine
The output for all the three Flash cards should look similar to the following:
Checking Exalytics Flash Drive Status
Fetching some info on installed flash drives ....
Driver version :
01.250.41.04 (2012.06.04)
Supported number of flash drives detected (3)
Flash card 1 :
Overall health status : GOOD
Size (in MB) : 762936
Capacity (in bytes) : 800000000000
Firmware Version : 109.05.26.00
Devices: /dev/sdc /dev/sdd /dev/sde /dev/sdf
Flash card 2 :
Overall health status : GOOD
Size (in MB) : 762936
Capacity (in bytes) : 800000000000
Firmware Version : 109.05.26.00
Devices: /dev/sdj /dev/sdh /dev/sdg /dev/sdi
Flash card 3 :
Overall health status : GOOD
Size (in MB) : 762936
Capacity (in bytes) : 800000000000
Firmware Version : 109.05.26.00
Devices: /dev/sdl /dev/sdm /dev/sdk /dev/sdn
Summary:
Healthy flash drives : 3
Broken flash drives : 0
Pass : Flash card health check passed
You can similarly configure Flash on RAID05. Flash is configured on RAID05 as
shown Figure 2–3.
Figure 2–3 Flash Configuration on RAID05 for an X4-4 Exalytics Machine
2.3.4 Replacing a Defective Flash Card
If required, you can replace a failed or defective Flash card. The following procedure
assumes you have a defective Flash card in RAID1 /dev/md2, which is installed on the
parent RAID0 /dev/md0. See Figure 2–1.
To replace a failed or defective Flash card:
1.
To verify the status of Flash cards, enter the following command:
# /opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics_CheckFlash.sh
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) 2-33
Configuring Flash and Replacing a Defective Flash Card on a Non-Virtual Exalytics Machine
If a defective Flash card is detected, the output displays an "Overall Health:
ERROR" message, and the summary indicates the defective card.
2.
To locate the RAID that contains the defective Flash card, enter the following
command:
# mdadm -D /dev/md0
The output should look similar to the following:
UUID : 18fc63ab:10207cf6:8aa02de7:0e6ec818
Events : 0.1
Number
0 9
1 9
2 9
3 9
4 9
5 9
6 9
7 9
8 9
9 9
10 9
11 9
Major Minor RaidDevice State
1 0 active sync /dev/md1
2 - faulty spare /dev/md2
3 2 active sync /dev/md3
4 3 active sync /dev/md4
5 4 active sync /dev/md5
6 5 active sync /dev/md6
7 6 active sync /dev/md7
8 7 active sync /dev/md8
9 8 active sync /dev/md9
10 9 active sync /dev/md10
11 10 active sync /dev/md11
12 11 active sync /dev/md12
Note: Notice the defective card in RAID0/dev/md2. Also, make a note
of the UUID number at the top of the display. You need the number
later when you re-assemble RAID1.
3.
To view all RAID configurations and their devices, enter the following command:
# mdadm --detail --scan --verbose
The output displays all RAID configurations and the devices used in each RAID.
The output should look similar to the following:
ARRAY /dev/md1 level=raid1 num-devices=2
UUID=9d897e1a:578c13df:1f72caf0:1e2261ba
devices=/dev/sde,/dev/sdq
ARRAY /dev/md2 level=raid1 num-devices=2
UUID=e472931d:2a0909d8:b7b57f10:8cd05ddf
devices=/dev/sdr
ARRAY /dev/md3 level=raid1 num-devices=2
UUID=7da0fcf8:b20169b5:15c62ef9:b794c207
devices=/dev/sdf,/dev/sds
ARRAY /dev/md4 level=raid1 num-devices=2
UUID=388e4879:6f7ee5fc:f4078446:448da696
devices=/dev/sdg,/dev/sdp
ARRAY /dev/md5 level=raid1 num-devices=2
UUID=1f4841ea:ddded96f:e68a35fb:83c5fe3c
devices=/dev/sdk,/dev/sdt
ARRAY /dev/md6 level=raid1 num-devices=2
UUID=02575fdd:58c3cbfc:f0e48f81:d449fe25
devices=/dev/sdh,/dev/sdv
ARRAY /dev/md7 level=raid1 num-devices=2
UUID=2d626811:500f4c65:d596830e:5ac91cc5
devices=/dev/sdj,/dev/sdw
ARRAY /dev/md8 level=raid1 num-devices=2
metadata=0.90
metadata=0.90
metadata=0.90
metadata=0.90
metadata=0.90
metadata=0.90
metadata=0.90
metadata=0.90
2-34 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Configuring Flash and Replacing a Defective Flash Card on a Non-Virtual Exalytics Machine
UUID=e40b7961:4ca8a017:568003c2:aefc197a
devices=/dev/sdi,/dev/sdu
ARRAY /dev/md9 level=raid1 num-devices=2 metadata=0.90
UUID=79789ffc:57356f09:c2d9f053:3767b0c9
devices=/dev/sdo,/dev/sdx
ARRAY /dev/md10 level=raid1 num-devices=2 metadata=0.90
UUID=b2a780e1:b71d14c7:d76556f2:2bdc2f8f
devices=/dev/sdl,/dev/sdz
ARRAY /dev/md11 level=raid1 num-devices=2 metadata=0.90
UUID=0da9816b:29febfc9:8fe8e0bd:20c6e7b3
devices=/dev/sdn,/dev/sdaa
ARRAY /dev/md12 level=raid1 num-devices=2 metadata=0.90
UUID=a9ee5637:6702d678:f33f9e4f:a4eed4f0
devices=/dev/sdm,/dev/sdy
ARRAY /dev/md0 level=raid0 num-devices=12 metadata=0.90
UUID=18fc63ab:10207cf6:8aa02de7:0e6ec818
devices=/dev/md1,/dev/md2,/dev/md3,/dev/md4,/dev/md5,/dev/md6,/dev/md7,/dev/md8
,/dev/md9,/dev/md10,/dev/md11,/dev/md12
The following steps assume that a defective Flash card
mapped to device /dev/sdd in RAID1/dev/md2 was detected. In this
example, the device /dev/sdd is replaced by device /dev/sdab.
Note:
4.
To display the defective Flash card in RAID0/dev/md2, enter the following
command:
# mdadm -D /dev/md2
The output should look similar to the following:
UUID : e472931d:2a0909d8:b7b57f10:8cd05ddf
Events : 0.21
Number Major Minor RaidDevice State
0 8 48 0 active sync
1 65 16 1 active sync /dev/sdr
Note: Notice the missing device (/dev/sdd) at number 0. In this
example, this is replaced by /dev/sdab. Also, take note of the other
device (/dev/sdr). You need the device to rebuild RAID1 after
installing the new Flash card.
5.
Shut down and unplug the Exalytics Machine.
6.
Replace the defective Flash card.
7.
Restart the Exalytics Machine.
You can also start the Exalytics Machine using Integrated
Lights Out Manager (ILOM).
Note:
8.
To learn which devices are mapped to the new Flash card, enter the following
command:
# /opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics_CheckFlash.sh
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) 2-35
Configuring Flash and Replacing a Defective Flash Card on a Non-Virtual Exalytics Machine
Devices mapped to the new Flash card are displayed. In this example, the old
device (/dev/sdd) mapped to the defective Flash card is replaced with a new device
(/dev/sdab).
9.
To unmount and stop RAID1, enter the following commands:
# umount /dev/md0
# mdadm --stop /dev/md0
10. To stop the failed RAID1, enter the following command:
# mdadm --stop /dev/md2
11. To re-assemble the failed RAID1, enter the following command:
# mdadm /dev/md2 --create /dev/sdd /dev/sdab
Note: As previously noted, the old device (/dev/sdd) is replaced with
the new device (/dev/sdab).
The RAID1 restarts.
12. To check the health of the repaired RAID1, enter the following command:
# mdadm -D /dev/md2
13. Confirm that two active devices are listed.
If the two devices are not listed, run the /opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics_
CheckFlash.sh script again, locate and fix the error and then check the health of
the repaired RAID1. Repeat this until the two devices are listed.
14. To re-assemble the parent RAID0, enter the following command:
# mdadm /dev/md0 --assemble -u <UUID number>
15. To check the health of the repaired RAID0, enter the following command:
# mdadm -D /dev/md0
The output from the command shows RAID1 as running, but it shows RAID0
/dev/md2 as missing, which you need to re-add.
16. To re-add the rebuilt RAID1 /dev/md2 into RAID0 /dev/md0, enter the following
command:
# mdadm /dev/md0 --re-add /dev/md2
17. To re-check the health of RAID0, enter the following command:
# mdadm -D /dev/md0
RAID0 starts rebuilding. Monitor the output and confirm that the process
completes. The output should look similar to the following:
Number
0 9 1
1 9 2
2 9 3
3 9 4
4 9 5
5 9 6
6 9 7
7 9 8
8 9 9
Major Minor RaidDevice State
0 active sync /dev/md1
1 spare rebuilding /dev/md2
2 active sync /dev/md3
3 active sync /dev/md4
4 active sync /dev/md5
5 active sync /dev/md6
6 active sync /dev/md7
7 active sync /dev/md8
8 active sync /dev/md9
2-36 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Configuring Flash and Replacing a Defective Flash Card on a Non-Virtual Exalytics Machine
9 9 10 9 active sync /dev/md10
10 9 11 10 active sync /dev/md11
11 9 12 11 active sync /dev/md12
18. To recreate the mdadm.conf configuration file, which ensures that RAID details are
maintained when you restart the Exalytics Machine, enter the following command:
# mdadm --detail --scan --verbose > /etc/mdadm.conf
If you have other customizations in the mdadm.conf
configuration file (such as updating the list of devices that are mapped
to each RAID), you must manually edit the file.
Note:
19. To remount /dev/md0, enter the following command:
# mount /dev/md0 /u02
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) 2-37
Configuring Flash and Replacing a Defective Flash Card on a Non-Virtual Exalytics Machine
2-38 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
3
Configuring Exalytics Machine for
Virtualization
3
This chapter describes the tasks to perform when configuring X2-4, X3-4, and X4-4
Exalytics Machines for virtualization. The tasks include deploying Oracle Virtual
Machine Server (Oracle VM Server) on the Exalytics Machine, configuring Oracle VM
Server with Oracle Virtual Machine Manager (Oracle VM Manager), and deploying
VM templates.
[4]
This chapter includes the following sections:
■
Section 3.1, "Configuring New Installations for Virtualization"
■
Section 3.2, "Configuring Existing Installations for Virtualization"
■
Section 3.3, "Upgrading Oracle VM Manager and Oracle VM Server to 3.2.8"
■
■
■
Section 3.4, "Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 on a Virtualized
Environment"
Section 3.5, "Installing and Configuring Application Software on Virtual
Machines"
Section 3.6, "Maintaining Virtual Machines"
3.1 Configuring New Installations for Virtualization
This section includes the following topics:
■
Section 3.1.1, "Before You Virtualize an Exalytics Machine"
■
Section 3.1.2, "Configuring an Exalytics Machine for Virtualization"
3.1.1 Before You Virtualize an Exalytics Machine
Before you virtualize an Exalytics Machine, review the following sections:
■
■
■
■
Section 3.1.1.1, "Documents to Review"
Section 3.1.1.2, "Prerequisites for Configuring Exalytics Machines for
Virtualization"
Section 3.1.1.3, "Removing Existing Partitions"
Section 3.1.1.4, "Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on the Exalytics
Machine"
Configuring Exalytics Machine for Virtualization 3-1
Configuring New Installations for Virtualization
3.1.1.1 Documents to Review
As you prepare to virtualize an Exalytics Machine, do the following:
■
■
■
Review the Oracle VM Release Notes, to ensure that you understand the differences
between Oracle Virtual Machine and its documented functionality, and any other
issues that apply to the current release.
Review Oracle VM Installation and Upgrade Guide for Release 3.2 and Oracle VM
User's Guide for Release 3.2 to ensure that you understand how to install and
configure Oracle Virtual Machine Server, set up networking, and create virtual
machines.
Review Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Owner's Guide to ensure that you have
properly configured and commissioned the Exalytics Machine in your data center.
3.1.1.2 Prerequisites for Configuring Exalytics Machines for Virtualization
The following prerequisites must be met before you can virtualize an Exalytics
Machine:
■
■
■
■
■
■
The Exalytics Machine has been racked and mounted in a data center.
Oracle Integrated Lights Out Manager (ILOM) 3.1.2.24 or later, is configured to be
accessible from the network using the web interface.
All networking information such as host name, IP address, subnet, gateway, and
DNS are available.
Spare, unassigned IP addresses are available for the server pool and for each
virtual machine deployed on the Exalytics Machine.
A Linux environment is available to install Oracle VM Manager.
You have access to the internet from a computer (not necessarily the Exalytics
Machine) to download required software.
3.1.1.3 Removing Existing Partitions
If required, remove the existing partition on /dev/sdb which is mounted to /u01 from
the Exalytics Machine. You cannot create a repository on a Oracle Virtual Machine disk
which contains a partition.
Before removing the existing partition, remember to back up
all data on sdb1. If you are removing the existing partition on a new
machine, you do not need to back up your data.
Note:
To remove existing partitions:
1.
Log in as the root user, and enter the following command to run the disk partition
utility:
# parted /dev/sdb
The output should look similar to the following:
GNU Parted 1.8.1
Using /dev/sdb
Welcome to GNU Parted! Type 'help' to view a list of commands.
2.
To display the existing partition, enter the following command:
# print
3-2 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Configuring New Installations for Virtualization
3.
To remove the existing partition, enter the following command:
# rm 1
4.
To confirm that the existing partition has been removed, enter the following
command:
# print
The existing partition is removed.
3.1.1.4 Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on the Exalytics Machine
This section consists of the following topics.
■
■
■
■
Section 3.1.1.4.1, "Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on the X2-4
Exalytics Machine"
Section 3.1.1.4.2, "Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on the X3-4
Exalytics Machine"
Section 3.1.1.4.3, "Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on the X4-4
Exalytics Machine"
Section 3.1.1.4.4, "Resetting RAID Configuration (Optional)"
3.1.1.4.1 Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on the X2-4 Exalytics Machine The X2-4
Exalytics Machine comprises six hard disks, each having a capacity of 600 GB. Two
disks are configured as RAID1 and four disks are configured as RAID5. To optimize
the use of the disk space, you must reconfigure the RAID1 and RAID5 configurations
on the Exalytics Machine. Reconfigure RAID1 so that it consists of two virtual drives
of 100 GB and 457 GB, and RAID5 consists of the remaining drives.
To reconfigure existing RAID configurations on the X2-4 Exalytics Machine:
1.
Restart the Exalytics Machine using Integrated Lights Out Manager (ILOM).
2.
Press Ctrl+Y and enter RAID CLI (Command Line Interface) as the Exalytics
Machine is restarting.
The "Copyright LSI Logic Corporation" displays during the
restart sequence when it is possible to enter the RAID CLI. Observe
the screen carefully as the message displays for a very short time. This
avoids restarting the machine again.
Note:
3.
Enter the following MegaRAID command to delete the existing RAID
configuration:
# -CfgLdDel -LALL -a0
4.
Enter the following command to create a RAID1 partition with two virtual disks of
size 100 GB and 457 GB:
# -CfgLdAdd -r1[252:0, 252:1] WB Direct NoCachedBadBBU -sz102400
-sz467968 -a0
5.
Enter the following command to create a RAID5 partition with the remaining
disks:
# -CfgLdAdd -r5[252:2, 252:3, 252:4, 252:5] WB Direct NoCachedBadBBU
-a0
Configuring Exalytics Machine for Virtualization 3-3
Configuring New Installations for Virtualization
6.
In the left pane of the ILOM, expand Host Management, then select Power
Control. In the Select Action list, select Power Cycle, then click Save.
The Exalytics Machine restarts.
3.1.1.4.2 Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on the X3-4 Exalytics Machine The X3-4
Exalytics Machine comprises 6 hard disks, each having a capacity of 900 GB.Two disks
are configured as RAID1 and four disks are configured as RAID5. To optimize the use
of the disk space, you must reconfigure the RAID1 and RAID5 configurations on the
Exalytics Machine. Reconfigure RAID1 so that it consists of two virtual drives of 100
GB and 657 GB, and RAID5 consists of the remaining drives.
To reconfigure existing RAID configurations on the X3-4 Exalytics Machine:
1.
Restart the Exalytics Machine using Integrated Lights Out Manager (ILOM).
2.
Press Ctrl+Y and enter RAID CLI (Command Line Interface) as the Exalytics
Machine is restarting.
The "Copyright LSI Logic Corporation" displays during the
restart sequence when it is possible to enter the RAID CLI. Observe
the screen carefully as the message displays for a very short time. This
avoids restarting the machine again.
Note:
3.
Enter the following MegaRAID command to delete the existing RAID
configuration:
# -CfgLdDel -LALL -a0
4.
Enter the following command to create a RAID1 partition with two virtual disks of
size 100 GB and 657 GB:
# -CfgLdAdd -r1[252:0, 252:1] WB Direct NoCachedBadBBU -sz102400
-sz672768 -a0
5.
Enter the following command to create a RAID5 partition with the remaining
disks:
# -CfgLdAdd -r5[252:2, 252:3, 252:4, 252:5] WB Direct NoCachedBadBBU
-a0
6.
In the left pane of the ILOM, expand Host Management, then select Power
Control. In the Select Action list, select Power Cycle, then click Save.
The Exalytics Machine restarts.
3.1.1.4.3 Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on the X4-4 Exalytics Machine The X4-4
Exalytics Machine comprises six hard disks, each having a capacity of 1.2 TB. Two
disks are configured as RAID1 and four disks are configured as RAID5. To optimize
the use of the disk space, you must reconfigure the RAID1 and RAID5 configurations
on the Exalytics Machine. Reconfigure RAID1 so that it consists of two virtual drives
of 100 GB and 1000 GB, and RAID5 consists of the remaining drives.
To reconfigure existing RAID configurations on the X2-4 Exalytics Machine:
1.
Restart the Exalytics Machine using Integrated Lights Out Manager (ILOM).
2.
Press Ctrl+Y and enter RAID CLI (Command Line Interface) as the Exalytics
Machine is restarting.
3-4 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
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The "Copyright LSI Logic Corporation" displays during the
restart sequence when it is possible to enter the RAID CLI. Observe
the screen carefully as the message displays for a very short time. This
avoids restarting the machine again.
Note:
3.
Enter the following MegaRAID command to delete the existing RAID
configuration:
# -CfgLdDel -LALL -a0
4.
Enter the following command to create a RAID1 partition with two virtual disks of
size 100 GB and 1000 GB:
# -CfgLdAdd -r1[252:0, 252:1] WB Direct NoCachedBadBBU -sz102400
-sz999000 -a0
5.
Enter the following command to create a RAID5 partition with the remaining
disks:
# -CfgLdAdd -r5[252:2, 252:3, 252:4, 252:5] WB Direct NoCachedBadBBU
-a0
6.
In the left pane of the ILOM, expand Host Management, then select Power
Control. In the Select Action list, select Power Cycle, then click Save.
The Exalytics Machine restarts.
3.1.1.4.4 Resetting RAID Configuration (Optional) If you are on a virtual Exalytics
virtualization and want to revert back to a nonvirtual Exalytics deployment, you must
reset the RAID configuration by performing the following steps:
To reset RAID configuration:
1.
Restart the Exalytics Machine using Integrated Lights Out Manager (ILOM).
2.
Press Ctrl+Y and enter RAID CLI (Command Line Interface) as the Exalytics
Machine is restarting.
The "Copyright LSI Logic Corporation" displays during the
restart sequence when it is possible to enter the RAID CLI. Observe
the screen carefully as the message displays for a very short time. This
avoids restarting the machine again.
Note:
3.
Enter the following MegaRAID command to delete the existing RAID
configuration:
# -CfgLdDel -LALL -a0
4.
Enter the following command to restore the RAID1 partition to an Exalytics
deployment:
# -CfgLdAdd -r1[252:0, 252:1] WB Direct NoCachedBadBBU -a0
5.
Enter the following command to create a RAID5 partition with the remaining
disks:
# -CfgLdAdd -r5[252:2, 252:3, 252:4, 252:5] WB Direct NoCachedBadBBU
-a0
Configuring Exalytics Machine for Virtualization 3-5
Configuring New Installations for Virtualization
6.
In the left pane of the ILOM, expand Host Management, then select Power
Control. In the Select Action list, select Power Cycle, then click Save.
The Exalytics Machine restarts.
3.1.2 Configuring an Exalytics Machine for Virtualization
This section includes the following topics:
■
Section 3.1.2.1, "Installing and Configuring Oracle VM Server 3.2.8"
■
Section 3.1.2.2, "Installing and Configuring Oracle VM Manager 3.2.8"
■
■
Section 3.1.2.3, "Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 on a Virtualized
Environment"
Section 3.1.2.4, "Creating Virtual Machines"
3.1.2.1 Installing and Configuring Oracle VM Server 3.2.8
This section includes the following topics:
■
Section 3.1.2.1.1, "Installing Oracle VM Server 3.2.8"
■
Section 3.1.2.1.2, "Postinstallation Steps"
■
Section 3.1.2.1.3, "Upgrading Exalytics Base Image"
3.1.2.1.1
1.
Installing Oracle VM Server 3.2.8 To install Oracle VM Server 3.2.8:
In a web browser, display the following URL:
http://edelivery.oracle.com/oraclevm and download unzip the Oracle
Exalytics Base Image 2.0.1.4.0 for Exalytics Oracle VM x86-64 (Part number
V56222-01.zip) to a local directory.
The zip file contains the following iso files:
■
■
2.
Exalytics_X3-4_OVS3.2.8_09252014.iso: You use this iso file to install Oracle
VM Server on an X2-4 or X3-4 Exalytics Machine.
Exalytics_X4-4_OVS3.2.8_09252014.iso: You use this iso file to install Oracle
VM Server 3.2.8 on an X4-4 Exalytics Machine.
On the Exalytics Machine, connect and log on to Oracle Integrated Lights Out
Manager (ILOM).
If you are installing Oracle VM Server 3.2.8 on an X2-4 or X3-4
Exalytics Machine, you must use ILOM 3.1.2.24.d. If you are installing
Oracle VM Server 3.2.8 on an X4-4 Exalytics Machine, you must use
ILOM 3.2.4.18 or later version.
Note:
For the latest Exalytics certified ILOM versions, see the Oracle Exalytics
Certification Matrix. The Oracle Exalytics Certification Matrix is located
at:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/ias/downloads/f
usion-certification-100350.html
3.
On the Summary Information screen, under Actions, click Launch to launch the
Remote Console.
The ILOM remote console is displayed.
3-6 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Configuring New Installations for Virtualization
4.
Depending on the Exalytics Machine configuration, perform one of the following
actions:
■
■
For X2-4 and X3-4 machines, from the menu bar, select Devices, then
CD-ROM Image to link the Oracle VM Server 3.2.8 image for X2-4 and X3-4
machine (Exalytics_X3-4_OVS3.2.8_09252014.iso) as a remote virtual CD-ROM
in ILOM.
For X4-4 machines, from the menu bar, select KVMS, then Storage. Click Add
to link to the Oracle VM Server 3.2.8 image for X4-4 machine (Exalytics_X4-4_
OVS3.2.8_09252014.iso) as a remote virtual CD-ROM in ILOM. Click Connect.
5.
In the left pane of the ILOM, expand Host Management, then select Host Control.
In the Next Boot Device list, select CDROM, then click Save.
6.
Restart the machine by expanding in the left pane of the ILOM, Host
Management, then select Power Control. In the Select Action list, select Power
Cycle, then click Save.
The Exalytics Machine restarts and displays the Oracle VM Server screen.
7.
Press Enter to install Oracle VM Server.
The Oracle VM Server is installed on the Exalytics Machine. After Oracle VM
Server is installed, the Exalytics Machine restarts automatically.
3.1.2.1.2 Postinstallation Steps Perform the following postinstallation steps to configure
the network on Oracle VM Server.
■
"Editing the /etc/sysconfig/network File"
■
"Configuring bond0"
■
"Editing the hosts File"
■
"Editing the resolv.conf File"
■
"Restarting the Exalytics Machine"
Editing the /etc/sysconfig/network File
You edit the /etc/sysconfig/network file to add the hostname of the machine and
gateway and netmask for the network.
To edit the /etc/sysconfig/network file:
1.
Navigate to and open the /etc/sysconfig/network file in a text editor.
2.
Change the HOSTNAME to the name of the machine.
3.
Enter the GATEWAY and NETMASK for the network.
For example:
NETWORKING=yes
NETWORKING_IPV6=no
GATEWAY=xx.xxx.xxx.x
NETMASK=xxx.xxx.xxx.x
HOSTNAME=<name of the machine>
4.
Save the file.
Configuring Exalytics Machine for Virtualization 3-7
Configuring New Installations for Virtualization
Configuring bond0
You configure bond0 by editing the ifcfg-bond0 file.
To edit the ifcfg-bond0 file:
1.
Navigate to and open the /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-bond0 file in a
text editor.
2.
Change the BOOTPROTO to static.
For example:
BOOTPROTO=static
3.
Add the IP Address of the machine.
For example:
IPADDR=xx.xxx.xx.xxx
Editing the hosts File
To edit the hosts file:
1.
Navigate to and open the /etc/hosts file in a text editor.
2.
Add the IP Address, host name, and alias for the host.
For example:
xx.xxx.xx.xxx exalyticsHost1.mycompany.com.exalytics Host1
Ensure the IP Address of the host is the same as the IP
Address you entered in the ifcfg-bond0 file.
Note:
Editing the resolv.conf File
To edit the resolve.conf file:
1.
Navigate to and open the /etc/resolve.conf file in a text editor.
2.
Enter the DNS Server name and the Search base.
For example:
nameserver xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
search xxx.mycompany.com
You can create additional bonded ports from Oracle VM
Manager after the server is registered. See "Creating a New Network
Channel for Virtual Machines."
Note:
Restarting the Exalytics Machine
To restart the Exalytics Machine:
1.
In the left pane of the ILOM, expand Host Management, then select Power
Control.
2.
In the Select Action list, select Power Cycle, then click Save.
3-8 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Configuring New Installations for Virtualization
3.1.2.1.3 Upgrading Exalytics Base Image You upgrade the Exalytics Base Image for
Oracle VM 2.0.1.4 by applying the patch on Oracle VM Server. The patch upgrades the
Base Image to 2.0.1.4, installs Flash drivers and utilities.
To upgrade Oracle Exalytics Base Image for Oracle VM to 2.0.1.4:
1.
Navigate to My Oracle Support and download patch number 18961186: Patchset
Upgrade Utility for Exalytics Base Image 2.0.1.4 Oracle VM for Linux x86-64. The
patch contains the p18961186_10050_Linux-x86-64.zip file.
The zipped file contains Flash drivers and Flash configuration scripts.
2.
Log on to the Exalytics Machine as the root user.
3.
Extract the contents of the file into an appropriate directory on the Exalytics
Machine.
4.
Unzip the file into a temporary (/tmp) directory.
The following directory is created:
exalytics_ovs_server_base_image_upgrade_to_2.0.1.4.0.
5.
Navigate to the directory by entering the following command:
# cd exalytics_ovs_server_base_image_upgrade_to_2.0.1.4.0
6.
To upgrade the Base Image to 2.0.1.4 and to install Flash, enter the following
command:
# ./exalytics_ovs_server_base_image_upgrade_to_2.0.1.4.0.sh
The output looks similar to the following:
OS Version check passed..
Update to 2.0.1.4.0 starting at Mon Sep 15 10:41:28 EDT 2014
Skipping removing rpm kernel-ib-devel as it doesn't exist...
Skipping removing rpm kernel-ib as it doesn't exist...
Skipping removing rpm ibvf-config as it doesn't exist...
Done
Applying rpm exalytics-flash-1.0.0.6-3.x86_64.rpm
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
1:exalytics-flash ########################################### [100%]
postInstall (exalytics-flash) 1 ...
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL] Updating exalytics-flash-config file to set FLASH_
INSTALL_TYPE=OVS ...
postInstall (exalytics-flash) 1; done
Applying rpm openib-1.5.4.1-4.0.16.el5.noarch.rpm
warning: ./rpms/openib-1.5.4.1-4.0.16.el5.noarch.rpm: Header V3 DSA signature:
NOKEY, key ID 1e5e0159
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
1:openib ########################################### [100%]
Applying rpm ovsvf-config-1.0-10.noarch.rpm
warning: ./rpms/ovsvf-config-1.0-10.noarch.rpm: Header V3 DSA signature: NOKEY,
key ID 1e5e0159
error: Failed dependencies:
infiniband-diags is needed by ovsvf-config-1.0-10.noarch
sed: cannot rename /etc//sedHbkLxt: Invalid cross-device link
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
1:infiniband-diags ########################################### [100%]
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
1:exalogic.tools ########################################### [100%]
-------------------------------------------------------Successfully installed exalogic.tools
Configuring Exalytics Machine for Virtualization 3-9
Configuring New Installations for Virtualization
-------------------------------------------------------.....[exalogic.tools] := Post Transaction called...............
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
1:libibumad ########################################### [100%]
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
1:libibmad ########################################### [100%]
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
1:opensm-libs ########################################### [100%]
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
1:opensm ########################################### [100%]
[EXALOGIC_INFO:GENERAL] Configuring Xen bridge...
[EXALOGIC_INFO:GENERAL] Adding GATEWAY to
/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-xenbr0...
grep: /tmp/cur_network.conf: No such file or directory
[EXALOGIC_INFO:GENERAL] Xen bridge is configured
Running post patch script
file /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-bondib0 not found
/usr/lib/init-exalogic-node/init-ipoib.sh not exist in /etc/rc.local , nothing
to delete
Completed post patch script
Expected base image version number not found in
/usr/lib/init-exalogic-node/.image_id so not updating
Image name in imageinfo is already uptodate
finished; Mon Sep 15 10:41:31 EDT 2014
finished; Mon Sep 15 10:41:31 EDT 2014
7.
To verify that the upgrade was successful, enter the following command:
# imageinfo
The output looks similar to the following:
Exalytics 2.0.1.4.0 (build:r)
Image version : 2.0.1.4.0
Image build version :
Creation timestamp : 2014-09-09 11:47:59 -0400
Kernel version : 2.6.32.21-45.6xen
Image activated : 2014-09-02 04:02:58 -0500
Image status : SUCCESS
8.
To verify that Flash is installed and the number of Flash cards installed, enter the
following command:
# ddcli
For an X2-4 or X3-4 configuration, six Flash cards are displayed. The output looks
similar to the following:
****************************************************************************
LSI Corporation WarpDrive Management Utility
Version 107.00.00.04 (2012.06.05)
Copyright (c) 2011 LSI Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
****************************************************************************
ID
-1
2
3
4
5
WarpDrive
Package Version
----------------------ELP-4x100-4d-n
06.05.09.00
ELP-4x100-4d-n
06.05.09.00
ELP-4x100-4d-n
06.05.07.00
ELP-4x100-4d-n
06.05.07.00
ELP-4x100-4d-n
06.05.01.00
PCI Address
----------00:11:00:00
00:21:00:00
00:31:00:00
00:a1:00:00
00:c1:00:00
3-10 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
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6
ELP-4x100-4d-n
Note:
06.05.01.00
00:d1:00:00
For an X4-4 configuration, three Flash cards are displayed.
3.1.2.2 Installing and Configuring Oracle VM Manager 3.2.8
You install and configure Oracle VM Manager 3.2.8, as described in the following
sections:
■
Section 3.1.2.2.1, "Installing Oracle VM Manager 3.2.8"
■
Section 3.1.2.2.2, "Discovering Oracle VM Servers"
■
Section 3.1.2.2.3, "Creating Virtual Network Interface Controllers"
■
Section 3.1.2.2.4, "Creating Server Pools and Adding a Server"
■
Section 3.1.2.2.5, "Creating an Exalytics Repository"
■
Section 3.1.2.2.6, "Creating VM Network Channel"
3.1.2.2.1 Installing Oracle VM Manager 3.2.8 Oracle recommends that you install Oracle
VM Manager on a separate machine than the Exalytics Machine, preferably colocated
geographically within Oracle VM Server.
To install Oracle VM Manager 3.2.8:
1.
Download Oracle VM Manager 3.2.8 (Part Number V44601-01) from the Oracle
Software Delivery Cloud web site at the following link:
http://edelivery.oracle.com/oraclevm
2.
Install Oracle VM Manager 3.2.8. For instructions, see Chapter 4, "Installing Oracle
VM Manager" in Oracle VM Installation and Upgrade Guide for Release 3.2. The guide
is located at:
http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E35328_01/E35330/html/index.html
3.1.2.2.2 Discovering Oracle VM Servers Adding Oracle VM Servers to your Oracle VM
Manager environment is known as discovering Oracle VM Servers. Discovering
servers is the first step to configuring the virtualization environment.
To discover Oracle VM Servers:
1.
Connect to Oracle VM Manager.
2.
Select the Servers and VMs tab.
3.
In the left pane, right-click Server Pools, and then select Discover Servers.
The Discover Dialog box is displayed.
4.
5.
Enter the following information for the server:
a.
Oracle VM Agent Port. The default port number is 8899.
b.
Oracle VM Agent Password. The default password is "oracle".
c.
IP Address.
Click OK.
Oracle VM Server and its details, including number of processors, IP address,
processor speed, RAM, networking ports and configuration are discovered and
added to the Unassigned Servers folder.
Configuring Exalytics Machine for Virtualization 3-11
Configuring New Installations for Virtualization
For more information, see "Chapter 6, Managing Server Pools and Oracle VM Servers"
in Oracle VM User's Guide for Release 3.2.
3.1.2.2.3 Creating Virtual Network Interface Controllers A Virtual Network Interface
Controller (VNIC) is used by virtual machines as network cards. You create virtual
network interfaces by defining a range of MAC addresses to use for each VNIC. Each
MAC address corresponds with a single virtual Network Interface Controller (NIC),
which is used by a virtual machine.
To create Virtual Network Interface Controllers:
1.
Log on to Oracle VM Manager.
2.
Select the Servers and VMs tab.
3.
In the left pane, right-click Server Pools, and then select Create VNICs.
The MAC selector panel is displayed.
4.
Click Next to retrieve the next available MAC addresses.
5.
Select the number of addresses that you want to create, and click Create.
Select the number of addresses that corresponds to the number
of virtual machines you are deploying.
Note:
The VNICs are created and listed in the Virtual NIC table.
6.
Click Close.
For more information, see "Chapter 7, Managing Virtual Machines" in Oracle VM
User's Guide for Release 3.2.
3.1.2.2.4 Creating Server Pools and Adding a Server A server pool consists of at least one
Oracle VM Server. If you find a server pool does not have sufficient resources, such as
CPU or memory, to run the virtual machines, you can expand the server pool by
adding more Oracle VM Servers.
Before creating a server pool, you must have:
■
An IP address for the server pool
■
An IP address for each virtual machine
■
The password to access the Oracle VM Agent installed on Oracle VM Server
For information on creating server pools and adding servers, see "Chapter 6,
Managing Server Pools and Oracle VM Servers" in Oracle VM User's Guide for Release
3.2.
When creating a server pool, you must deselect the Activate
Cluster option.
Note:
3.1.2.2.5 Creating an Exalytics Repository A repository stores Oracle VM resources, such
as virtual machines, templates for creating virtual machines, virtual machine
assemblies, and so on.
3-12 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
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Oracle recommends that you create a repository on each
physical disk available. Use the smaller repository to store Oracle VM
templates and cloned virtual machines and the larger repository to
store virtual disks that are assigned to the virtual machines.
Note:
You use Oracle VM Manager to create and configure Exalytics repositories, and to
present the repositories to Oracle VM Servers.
To create an Exalytics repository:
1.
Log on to Oracle VM Manager.
2.
Select the Repositories tab.
3.
In the toolbar, click Create New Repository to display the Create a Data
Repository dialog.
4.
Perform the following actions:
a.
In the Repository Name field, enter the name for the repository.
b.
For Repository Location, select Physical Disk and click Search.
c.
From the drop-down list, select a local storage array and select the smaller of
the two storage disks.
d.
Click OK.
e.
Select the server pool for the repository.
f.
Click Next.
The new repository is available to be presented to Oracle VM Server. To enable
your Oracle VM Server to use the repository, you must present the repository
to Oracle VM Server.
5.
Select and move Oracle VM Server from the Servers field to the Present to Server(s)
field and click Finish.
The repository is listed in the Repository tab.
For more information, see "Chapter 4, Managing Storage" in Oracle VM User's Guide for
Release 3.2.
3.1.2.2.6 Creating VM Network Channel You create a VM Network channel in Oracle VM
Manager to enable Oracle VM Guests in the server pool to communicate with each
other and also to communicate with external networks. The VM Network channel
instructs Oracle VM Servers to create a Xen bridge that controls network traffic to and
from Oracle VM Guests.
A Server Management Network channel that enables communication between Oracle
VM Manager and Oracle VM Servers is automatically created by Oracle VM Manager.
You can use this existing Server Management Network channel to communicate with
virtual machines, or create a new network channel.
Oracle recommends that you create a new network channel for
the virtual machines.
Note:
To create a VM Network Channel, follow the procedures described in one of the
following topics:
Configuring Exalytics Machine for Virtualization 3-13
Configuring New Installations for Virtualization
■
"Using the Existing Server Management Network Channel for Virtual Machines"
■
"Creating a New Network Channel for Virtual Machines"
Using the Existing Server Management Network Channel for Virtual Machines
For simple network deployments, you can use the default Server Management
Network channel to communicate with virtual machines.
To use the Existing Server Management Network channel for Virtual Machines:
1.
Log on to Oracle VM Manager.
2.
Select the Networking tab.
3.
Select the Server Management Network channel address.
Note: The Server Management Network channel address is similar
to the Gateway address you entered except the trailing digit at the end
of the address is a zero. For example, if you entered 10.244.138.1 as the
Gateway address, the Server Management Network channel address
is displayed as 10.244.138.0.
4.
Click the Edit icon.
The Edit Network screen in displayed.
5.
To enable the virtual machine to connect the Server Management Network
channel, select Virtual Machine.
6.
Click Next.
7.
Accept the default server settings, and click Next.
8.
Accept the default port settings, and click Next.
9.
Click Finish.
The Virtual Machine column against the Server Management Network channel
address displays a check mark indicating that the virtual machine is connected to
the network.
Creating a New Network Channel for Virtual Machines
Before you can create a new network channel you must connect additional Ethernet
cable to the Gigabit Ethernet connector ports and create a new bonded port through
the Oracle VM Manager user interface.
The following procedure describes how to create and use a
bonded port for the network channel. If you need to, you can use a
single ethernet port for the channel instead of a bond. Oracle
recommends using a bonded port.
Note:
To create a new bonded port and network channel:
1.
Log on to Oracle VM Manager.
2.
Select the Servers and VMs tab.
3.
To create a new bonded port, perform the following tasks:
3-14 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
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a.
In the left pane, expand Server Pools, and then select the Exalytics Machine on
which the Oracle VM Server is running.
b.
In the Perspective list, select Bond Ports.
c.
Click Create Bond Port.
The Create Bond Port page is displayed.
4.
d.
In the Addressing list, select IP Address.
e.
In the IP Address field, enter an IP address for the bond.
f.
In the Mask field, enter a Netmask for the bond.
g.
Leave the MTU field at the default number.
h.
Enter a description for the bond.
i.
In the Available Ports section, select the connected ports and move it to the
Selected Ports section.
j.
Click OK.
To create a new network channel, perform the following tasks:
a.
Select the Networking tab.
b.
Click Create New Network.
The Create Network page is displayed.
c.
Select Create a network with bond/ports only, and click Next.
d.
In the Name field, enter a name for the network.
e.
Enter a description.
f.
Select Virtual Machine, and then click Next.
g.
In the Available Servers section, select the server on which the Oracle VM
Manager is running, move it to the Selected Servers section, and then click
Next.
h.
In the Available Ports section, select the bonded port you created in Step 3,
move it to the Selected Ports section, and then click Next.
The Ports page is displayed.
i.
Confirm the settings on the Ports page and then click Finish.
For more information, see "Chapter 5, Managing Networks" in Oracle VM User's Guide
for Release 3.2.
3.1.2.3 Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 on a Virtualized
Environment
New customers must apply Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) on the virtualized
environment. For instructions, see Section 2.2.2.2, "Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1
Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) on an Exalytics Machine Configured for Virtualization."
3.1.2.4 Creating Virtual Machines
You use virtual templates to create virtual machines. The process of creating a virtual
machine from a template is known as cloning. Before you create virtual machines,
ensure that you have the following resources available:
■
A server pool
Configuring Exalytics Machine for Virtualization 3-15
Configuring New Installations for Virtualization
■
An Oracle VM Server
■
VM templates
The process of creating virtual machines from templates consists of the following
steps:
■
Section 3.1.2.4.1, "Downloading VM Templates"
■
Section 3.1.2.4.2, "Importing VM Templates into Oracle VM Manager"
■
Section 3.1.2.4.3, "Creating Virtual Machines from VM Templates"
3.1.2.4.1
1.
Downloading VM Templates To download VM templates:
Download and save the Exalytics Oracle VM Template 2.0.1.4.0 for Exalytics
Oracle VM x86-64, by performing the following steps:
a.
Navigate to the Oracle Software Delivery Cloud web site at the following link:
http://edelivery.oracle.com
b.
In the Select a Product Pack list, select Oracle Business Intelligence.
c.
In the Platform list, select Linux X86-64.
d.
Click Go.
e.
Select Oracle Exalytics Software Media Pack for Linux x86-64 Release:
1.0.0.5.0.
f.
Click Continue.
g.
Download the Oracle Exalytics Oracle VM Template 2.0.1.4.0, Part Number:
V56221-01.
h.
Save it on a web server.
3.1.2.4.2 Importing VM Templates into Oracle VM Manager After downloading the
templates, you import them into Oracle VM Manager.
To import VM templates into Oracle VM Manager:
1.
Log on to Oracle VM Manager.
2.
Select the Repositories tab.
3.
In the left pane, select the Repository in which you want to store the template.
4.
Select VM Templates.
5.
In the toolbar, click Import VM Template to display the Import VM Template
dialog.
6.
Select the Oracle VM Server and enter the HTTP or FTP URL to the VM template
that you downloaded on the web server.
7.
Click OK to import the VM template.
3.1.2.4.3 Creating Virtual Machines from VM Templates After importing the template in
Oracle VM Manager, you use the template to create a virtual machine.
3-16 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Upgrading Oracle VM Manager and Oracle VM Server to 3.2.8
Oracle recommends that you use Oracle VM Manager to
create virtual disks of the sizes required for your system on the larger
repository. Associate these virtual disks with the virtual machines
deployed on your system. These virtual disks provide enough storage
for installing the Exalytics software and the various files associated
with the Exalytics Machine.
Note:
To create virtual machines from a VM template:
1.
Log on to Oracle VM Manager.
2.
Select the Servers and VMs tab.
3.
In the left pane toolbar, click Create Virtual Machine.
The Create Virtual Machine dialog is displayed.
4.
Select Clone from an existing VM Template.
5.
Perform the following actions:
6.
a.
In the Clone Count list, select the number of machines you want to clone.
b.
In the Repository list, select a repository for the machine.
c.
In the VM Template list, select the VM template from which you want to create
the virtual machine.
d.
Enter a name for the virtual machine.
e.
In the Server Pool list, select a server pool.
f.
Enter a description for the virtual machine.
Click Finish.
The virtual machine is created and is ready to be configured.
For more information, see "Chapter 7, Managing Virtual Machines" in Oracle VM
User's Guide for Release 3.2.
3.2 Configuring Existing Installations for Virtualization
If you are an existing customer running Oracle VM 3.0.3 or a later version, you must
perform the following tasks:
■
■
Upgrade to Oracle VM Server 3.2.8 and Oracle VM Manager 3.2.8. See Section 3.3,
"Upgrading Oracle VM Manager and Oracle VM Server to 3.2.8."
Apply Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 4 on the virtualized environment. See
Section 3.4, "Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 on a Virtualized
Environment."
3.3 Upgrading Oracle VM Manager and Oracle VM Server to 3.2.8
This section includes the following topics:
■
■
Section 3.3.1, "Upgrading Oracle VM Server 3.0.3 (Base Image 2.0.1.1) or Later
Version to Oracle VM Server 3.2.8"
Section 3.3.2, "Upgrading Oracle VM Manager 3.0.3 or Later Version to Oracle VM
Manager 3.2.8"
Configuring Exalytics Machine for Virtualization 3-17
Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 on a Virtualized Environment
Oracle recommends that you use the same release version of
Oracle VM Manager and Oracle VM Server.
Note:
3.3.1 Upgrading Oracle VM Server 3.0.3 (Base Image 2.0.1.1) or Later Version to Oracle
VM Server 3.2.8
If you are a new or existing customer running Oracle VM Server 3.0.3 or later version,
you must upgrade to Oracle VM Server 3.2.8. For instructions, see "Upgrading Oracle
VM Server 3.0.3 (Base Image 2.0.1.1) or Later Version to Oracle VM Server 3.2.8".
3.3.2 Upgrading Oracle VM Manager 3.0.3 or Later Version to Oracle VM Manager 3.2.8
If you have already installed Oracle VM Manager 3.2.8, you
can ignore this section.
Note:
If you are an existing customer running Oracle VM Manager 3.0.3 or later version, you
must upgrade to Oracle VM Manager 3.2.8. For instructions, see "Upgrading Oracle
VM Manager 3.0.3 or Later Version to Oracle VM Manager 3.2.8+".
3.4 Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 on a Virtualized
Environment
Both new and existing customers must apply Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) on the
virtualized environment. For instructions, see Section 2.2.2.2, "Applying Oracle
Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5) on an Exalytics Machine Configured for
Virtualization."
3.5 Installing and Configuring Application Software on Virtual Machines
If you are an existing customer and have already installed and
configured software on the virtual Exalytics Machine, you can ignore
this section.
Note:
The process of installing Exalytics software on virtual machines is identical to
installing the software on the non-virtual Exalytics Machine, except that the virtual
machines cannot access the entire Exalytics memory. Keep in mind this limitation
when setting kernel parameters related to shared memory or creating huge pages.
This section consists of the following topics:
■
■
Section 3.5.1, "Prerequisites to Installing and Configuring Exalytics Software on
Virtual Machines"
Section 3.5.2, "Installing and Configuring Exalytics Software on Virtual Machines"
3.5.1 Prerequisites to Installing and Configuring Exalytics Software on Virtual
Machines
The following prerequisites must be met before installing the Exalytics software on the
virtual machines:
3-18 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Installing and Configuring Application Software on Virtual Machines
■
You have created a virtual machine.
■
You have created a virtual disk and associated it with the virtual machine.
For more information on creating virtual machines and virtual disks, see "Chapter
7, Managing Virtual Machines" in Oracle VM User's Guide for Release 3.2.
3.5.2 Installing and Configuring Exalytics Software on Virtual Machines
This section consists of the following topics:
■
Section 3.5.2.1, "Creating and Mounting a /u01 Partition"
■
Section 3.5.2.2, "Modifying the Oracle User and Granting Permissions"
■
Section 3.5.2.3, "Installing Application Software Components"
3.5.2.1 Creating and Mounting a /u01 Partition
Before you can install the Exalytics software, you create and mount a /u01 partition on
the virtual disk.
Note: The following procedure assumes the /u01 partition size of
1.6TB. Depending on your specific needs and configuration, you can
use a different size for the /u01 partition.
To create and mount a /u01 partition:
After logging in as the root user, configure the /u01 directory on the virtual disk using
commands such as the following ones:
1.
To create a partition, enter the following commands:
parted /dev/xvdb
GNU Parted 1.8.1
Using /dev/xvdb
Welcome to GNU Parted! Type 'help' to view a list of commands.
(parted) mklabel msdos
(parted) mkpart primary 0 1600GB
(parted) print
Model: Xen Virtual Block Device (xvd)
Disk /dev/xvdb: 1600GB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: msdos
Number
1
Start
End
Size
Type
32.3kB
1600GB
1600GB
primary
File system
Flags
(parted) quit
Configuring Exalytics Machine for Virtualization 3-19
Installing and Configuring Application Software on Virtual Machines
2.
To create logical volume, enter the following commands:
lvm pvcreate /dev/xvdb1
Physical volume "/dev/xvdb1" successfully created
lvm vgcreate VolGroup01 /dev/xvdb1
Volume group "VolGroup01" successfully created
3.
To view free extents on VolGroup01, enter the following commands:
vgs -o +vg_free_count,vg_extent_count
VG
#PV #LV #SN
VolGroup01
1
0
0
Attr
VSize
wz--n-
1.46T
VFree
1.46T
Free
381469
Ext
381469
lvm lvcreate --extents 381469 --name LogVol00 VolGroup01
Logical volume "LogVol00" created
4.
To create a file system, enter the following command:
mkfs.ext4 /dev/VolGroup01/LogVol00
5.
Add the following line to the /etc/fstab file:
/dev/VolGroup01/LogVol00 /u01
0 0
6.
ext4
defaults
To mount the directory, enter the following commands:
mkdir /u01
mount /u01
7.
Verify that the partition has been created by entering the following command:
df –lh
3.5.2.2 Modifying the Oracle User and Granting Permissions
The Virtual Machine template contains "oracle" as the operating system user name.
Associate the user name with the "oinstall" group and create a password for it.
The procedures throughout this section assume a user named "oracle" and a group
named "oinstall".
To add a different user and group, enter the following
commands as a root user:
Note:
groupadd <name of the group>
useradd -g <name of the group> <name of the user>
To modify the Oracle user and grant permissions:
1.
Log in as root user.
2.
Enter the following commands to associate the user name "oracle" with the group
"oinstall" and to create a password:
groupadd oinstall
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Maintaining Virtual Machines
usermod –g oinstall oracle
passwd oracle
3.
Enter the following commands to grant permissions to the /u01 drive where the
software is to be installed:
chown oracle:oinstall /u01
chmod 775 /u01
4.
Start the VNC Server on the virtual machine.
3.5.2.3 Installing Application Software Components
The process of installing application software components on a virtual Exalytics
Machine is similar to installing them on the non-virtualized Exalytics Machine. See
Chapter 4, "Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine."
3.6 Maintaining Virtual Machines
This section includes the following topics:
■
Section 3.6.1, "Viewing Virtual Machine Information and Events"
■
Section 3.6.2, "Configuring and Starting a Virtual Machine"
■
Section 3.6.3, "Configuring a Network on a Virtual Machine"
■
Section 3.6.4, "Increasing SWAP on a Virtual Machine"
■
Section 3.6.5, "Increasing the Size of the Root Partition on a Virtual Machine"
3.6.1 Viewing Virtual Machine Information and Events
You can view virtual machine details and jobs associated with the virtual machine.
To view virtual machine information details:
1.
Log on to Oracle VM Manager.
2.
Select the Servers and VMs tab.
3.
In the left pane, select the server pool on which the virtual machine resides.
4.
From the Perspective list, select Virtual Machines.
5.
In the Management pane, select a virtual machine.
6.
Click the expand arrow to the left of the selected virtual machine.
The following tabs are displayed:
■
Configuration: Displays general information about the virtual machine, such
as the minimum and maximum memory and processors, operating system,
domain type, high availability status, and so on.
■
Networks: Displays networks and VNICs used in the virtual machine.
■
Disks: Displays virtual and physical disks attached to the virtual machine.
To view virtual machine events:
1.
Log on to Oracle VM Manager.
2.
Select the Servers and VMs tab.
3.
In the left pane, select the server pool on which the virtual machine resides.
Configuring Exalytics Machine for Virtualization 3-21
Maintaining Virtual Machines
4.
From the Perspective list, select Virtual Machines.
5.
In the Management pane, select a virtual machine.
6.
In the toolbar, click Display Selected VM Events.
The Events dialog is displayed.
7.
Review the jobs associated with the virtual machine.
For more information, see "Chapter 7, Managing Virtual Machines" in Oracle VM
User's Guide for Release 3.2.
3.6.2 Configuring and Starting a Virtual Machine
You start a virtual machine from Oracle VM Manager.
To configure and start a virtual machine:
1.
Log on to Oracle VM Manager.
2.
Select the Servers and VMs tab.
3.
In the left pane, select the server pool on which the virtual machine resides.
4.
From the Perspective list, select Virtual Machines.
5.
In the Management pane, select a virtual machine, and from the toolbar click the
Edit.
The Edit Virtual Machine dialog is displayed.
6.
Select the Configuration tab.
7.
Select the necessary configuration for the virtual machine, and click OK.
8.
Select the Networks tab.
9.
Select and assign a VNIC to the virtual machine, and click OK.
10. Select the Disks tab.
11. Select and allocate the virtual disk to the virtual machine.
12. Click OK.
13. From the toolbar, click Start.
The virtual machine starts.
For more information, see "Chapter 7, Managing Virtual Machines" in Oracle VM
User's Guide for Release 3.2.
3.6.3 Configuring a Network on a Virtual Machine
After starting a virtual machine, you then configure the network on the virtual
machine to enable it to access the network.
To configure a network on the virtual machine:
1.
Log on to Oracle VM Server.
2.
Enter the following command:
xm list
The Domain-0 and UUID number for the virtual machine are displayed.
3.
Execute the following command:
3-22 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Maintaining Virtual Machines
xm console <UUID_NUMBER_FOR_VIRTUAL_MACHINE>
The console of the virtual machine is displayed.
4.
Log in as root user with default password "ovsroot".
5.
Enter the following command:
system-config-network
6.
Edit the eth0 device by entering the following information:
■
IP addresses
■
Netmask
■
Gateway
■
DNS settings
7.
Click Save and Quit.
8.
Run the following command to reload the network configuration:
service network reload
9.
Edit the /etc/hosts file to add the machine name and IP address.
3.6.4 Increasing SWAP on a Virtual Machine
Each VM guest is created with 1 GB of default swap space. To run Oracle Database
In-Memory on an Exalytics Machine, you must increase the swap space to a minimum
of 16 GB.
The following procedure describes how to increase swap space
by creating a new virtual disk (/dev/xvdd) of 20 GB.
Note:
To increase SWAP on the virtual machine:
1.
Add a new virtual disk for the VM guest by performing the following actions:
a.
Log on to Oracle VM Manager.
b.
Select the Servers and VMs tab.
c.
In the left pane, select the server pool on which the virtual machine resides.
d.
From the Perspective list, select Virtual Machines.
e.
In the toolbar, click Stop to stop the virtual machine.
Confirm that the virtual machine is stopped.
f.
In the toolbar, click Edit.
The Edit Virtual Machine dialog is displayed.
g.
Click the Disks tab.
h.
Under Disk Type, select Virtual Disk.
i.
Under Actions, click Add.
The Create Virtual Disk dialog is displayed.
j.
In the Virtual Disk Name field, enter a name for the virtual disk, in the Size
field, enter 20, and then click OK twice.
Configuring Exalytics Machine for Virtualization 3-23
Maintaining Virtual Machines
k.
2.
In the toolbar, click Start to start the virtual machine.
Add logical volume and create additional swap on the VM guest by performing
the following actions:
a.
Log on the Oracle VM Server.
b.
To check details of the new virtual disk, enter the following command:
fdisk -l
The details of the new virtual disk are displayed. For example, if the new
virtual disk is /dev/xvdd, an output similar to the following is displayed:
....
Disk /dev/xvdd: 21.4 GB, 21474836480 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2610 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
c.
To create the new partition /dev/xvdd1, enter the following command as the
root user:
# fdisk /dev/xvdd
Output similar to the following is displayed:
Device contains neither a valid DOS partition table, nor Sun, SGI or OSF
disklabel
Building a new DOS disklabel. Changes will remain in memory only,
until you decide to write them. After that, of course, the previous
content won't be recoverable.
The number of cylinders for this disk is set to 2610.
There is nothing wrong with that, but this is larger than 1024,
and could in certain setups cause problems with:
1) software that runs at boot time (e.g., old versions of LILO)
2) booting and partitioning software from other OSs
(e.g., DOS FDISK, OS/2 FDISK)
Warning: invalid flag 0x0000 of partition table 4 will be corrected by
w(rite)
d.
At the command prompt, enter n. For example:
Command (m for help): n
The following output is displayed:
Command action
e
extended
p
primary partition (1-4)
p
e.
At the Partition number prompt, enter 1. For example:
Partition number (1-4): 1
f.
At the First cylinder (1-2610, default 1) prompt, press Enter to use the default
value.
The following output is displayed:
Using default value 1
g.
At the Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1-2610, default 2610)
prompt, press Enter to use the default value.
The following is displayed:
3-24 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Maintaining Virtual Machines
Using default value 2610
h.
At the command prompt, enter t. For example:
Command (m for help): t
The following is displayed:
Selected partition 1
i.
At the Hex code (type L to list codes) prompt, enter 8e.
The following is displayed:
Changed system type of partition 1 to 8e (Linux LVM)
j.
At the command prompt, enter w. For example:
Command (m for help): w
The following is displayed:
The partition table has been altered!
Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.
Syncing disks.
k.
To create the physical volume for the partition /dev/xvdd1, enter the
following command:
# pvcreate /dev/xvdd1
l.
To add the newly formatted disk to the existing volume group, enter the
following command:
# vgextend VolGroup00 /dev/xvdd1
m. To create logical volume, enter the following command:
# lvcreate -L 20G VolGroup00 -n LogVol03
n.
To format the logical volume for swap use, enter the following command:
# mkswap /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol03
o.
To enable swap, enter the following command:
swapon /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol03
p.
To verify the updated swap space, enter the following command:
# cat /proc/swaps
Output similar to the following is displayed:
Filename
/dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol01
/dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol03
q.
Type
partition
partition
Size
Used
1048572
0
20971516
0
Priority
-1
-2
Add the following line to the /etc/fstab file:
/dev/VolGroup00/LogVol03 swap
swap
defaults
00
3.6.5 Increasing the Size of the Root Partition on a Virtual Machine
Each virtual machine is created by default with a 10 GB root partition. If required, you
can increase the size of the default logical volume VolGroup00-LogVol00 mounted at
the root "/" directory of a virtual machine.
Configuring Exalytics Machine for Virtualization 3-25
Maintaining Virtual Machines
To increase the size of the root partition on the virtual machine:
1.
Log in to the virtual machine as the root user.
2.
To check the current physical volumes on the virtual machine, enter the following
command:
# cat /proc/partitions
Output similar to the following is displayed:
major
202
202
202
252
252
252
3.
minor
0
1
2
0
1
2
#blocks
10485760
257008
10225372
7340032
1048576
102400
name
xvda
xvda1
xvda2
dm-0
dm-1
dm-2
Add a new virtual disk for the VM guest by performing the following actions:
The following procedure describes how to create a new virtual
disk of 100 GB.
Note:
a.
Log on to Oracle VM Manager.
b.
Select the Servers and VMs tab.
c.
In the left pane, select the server pool on which the virtual machine resides.
d.
From the Perspective list, select Virtual Machines.
e.
In the toolbar, click Stop to stop the virtual machine.
Confirm that the virtual machine is stopped.
f.
In the toolbar, click Edit.
The Edit Virtual Machine dialog is displayed.
g.
Click the Disks tab.
h.
Under Disk Type, select Virtual Disk.
i.
Under Actions, click Add.
The Create Virtual Disk dialog is displayed.
4.
j.
In the Virtual Disk Name field, enter a name for the virtual disk, in the Size
field, enter 100, and then click OK twice.
k.
In the toolbar, click Start to start the virtual machine.
To check the current partitioning on the virtual machine, enter the following
command:
# df -h
Output similar to the following is displayed:
Filesystem
Size Used
6.8G 2.9G
244M 35M
50G
0
97M 5.6M
Avail Use%
3.7G
44%
197M
15%
50G
0%
87M
7%
Mounted on /dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol00
/dev/xvda1
/boottmpfs
/dev/shm/dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol02
/shared_agent_instance_home
3-26 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Maintaining Virtual Machines
5.
To check the new available physical volumes on the virtual machine, enter the
following command:
# cat /proc/partitions
Output similar to the following is displayed:
major
minor
#blocks
name
202
202
202
202
252
252
252
0
1
2
16
0
1
2
10485760
257008
10225372
104857600
7340032
1048576
102400
xvda
xvda1
xvda2
xvdb
dm-0
dm-1
dm-2
Note:
6.
In the above example /dev/xvdb is the newly attached disk.
To partition the newly attached disk, perform the following actions:
a.
Enter the following command:
# fdisk /dev/xvdb
Output similar to the following is displayed:
Device contains neither a valid DOS partition table, nor Sun, SGI or OSF
disklabel
Building a new DOS disklabel. Changes will remain in memory only,
until you decide to write them. After that, of course, the previous
content won't be recoverable.
The number of cylinders for this disk is set to 13054.
There is nothing wrong with that, but this is larger than 1024,
and could in certain setups cause problems with:
1) software that runs at boot time (e.g., old versions of LILO)
2) booting and partitioning software from other OSs
(e.g., DOS FDISK, OS/2 FDISK)
Warning: invalid flag 0x0000 of partition table 4 will be corrected by
w(rite)
b.
At the command prompt, enter p. For example:
Command (m for help): p
The following output is displayed:
Disk /dev/xvdb: 107.3 GB, 107374182400 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 13054 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Device Boot
c.
Start
End
Blocks
Id
System
At the command prompt, enter n. For example:
Command (m for help): n
The following output is displayed:
Command action
e
extended
Configuring Exalytics Machine for Virtualization 3-27
Maintaining Virtual Machines
p
primary partition (1-4)
p
d.
At the Partition number prompt, enter 1. For example:
Partition number (1-4): 1
e.
At the First cylinder (1-13054, default 1) prompt, press Enter to use the default
value.
The following output is displayed:
Using default value 1
f.
At the Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1-13054, default 13054)
prompt, press Enter to use the default value.
The following is displayed:
Using default value 13054
g.
At the command prompt, enter t. For example:
Command (m for help): t
The following is displayed:
Selected partition 1
h.
At the Hex code (type L to list codes) prompt, enter 8e.
The following is displayed:
Changed system type of partition 1 to 8e (Linux LVM)
i.
At the command prompt, enter p. For example:
The following is displayed:
Disk /dev/xvdb: 107.3 GB, 107374182400 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 13054 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Device Boot
/dev/xvdb1
j.
Start
1
End
13054
Blocks
104856223+
Id
8e
System
Linux LVM
At the command prompt, enter w. For example:
Command (m for help): w
The following is displayed:
The partition table has been altered!
Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.
WARNING: Re-reading the partition table failed with error 16: Device or
resource busy.
The kernel still uses the old table.
The new table will be used at the next reboot.
Syncing disks.
k.
Restart the virtual machine by performing the following actions:
*
Connect to Oracle VM Manager.
*
Select the Servers and VMs tab.
3-28 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Maintaining Virtual Machines
l.
*
In the left pane, expand Server Pools, and then select the server pool
containing the virtual machine.
*
Right-click the virtual machine, and select Restart.
To create the physical volume, enter the following command:
# pvcreate /dev/xvdb1
Output similar to the following is displayed:
Writing physical volume data to disk "/dev/xvdb1"
Physical volume "/dev/xvdb1" successfully created
m. To extend the volume group VolGroup00 to the physical volume /dev/xvdb1,
enter the following command:
# vgextend VolGroup00 /dev/xvdb1
Output similar to the following is displayed:
Volume group "VolGroup00" successfully extended
n.
To extend the logical volume LogVol00, enter the following command:
# lvextend -l +100%FREE /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00
Output similar to the following is displayed:
Extending logical volume LogVol00 to 105.22 GB
Logical volume LogVol00 successfully resized
o.
To resize the file system, enter the following command:
#
resize2fs /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00
Output similar to the following is displayed:
resize2fs 1.39 (29-May-2006)
Filesystem at /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00 is mounted on /; on-line resizing
required
Performing an on-line resize of /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00 to 28481536 (4k)
blocks.
The filesystem on /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00 is now 28481536 blocks long.
p.
To verify the resized root partition, enter the following command:
# df -h
Output similar to the following is displayed:
Filesystem
Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on/dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol00
106G 2.9G
97G 3%
//dev/xvda1
244M
35M 197M 15%
/boottmpfs
50G
0
50G
0%
/dev/shm/dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol02
97M 5.6M
87M
7%
/shared_agent_instance_home
Configuring Exalytics Machine for Virtualization 3-29
Maintaining Virtual Machines
3-30 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
4
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4
[5This
]
chapter describes how to use the Exalytics Domain Management Utility to install,
configure, and manage life cycle functions of an Exalytics domain on an Exalytics
Machine (both virtual and non-virtual deployments).This chapter also describes how
to install and configure Oracle BI Applications on an Exalytics Machine. Finally, this
chapter also describes how to install and configure Oracle Database In-Memory for
Exalytics.
Exalytics customers install or upgrade software components based on their specific
needs. Typically, customers deploy one of the following applications (single instance
or multi-instance) on an Exalytics machine:
■
Custom built Oracle Business Intelligence application (Oracle BI EE) and Oracle
TimesTen for Exalytics
■
Prebuilt Oracle BI Applications
■
Oracle Enterprise Performance Management applications
■
Oracle Endeca
This chapter includes the following sections:
■
Section 4.1, "About the Exalytics Domain Management Utility"
■
Section 4.2, "Documents to Review"
■
Section 4.3, "Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments"
■
■
Section 4.4, "Existing Business Intelligence Installations: Registering a Primary
Business Intelligence Software Installation on an Exalytics Domain"
Section 4.5, "Installing and Configuring Oracle BI Applications 11.1.1.8.1 on an
Exalytics Machine"
■
Section 4.6, "Installing Oracle Enterprise Performance Management Applications"
■
Section 4.7, "Installing Oracle Endeca"
■
Section 4.8, "Installing Oracle Database In-Memory for Oracle Exalytics"
4.1 About the Exalytics Domain Management Utility
The Exalytics Domain Management Utility creates an Exalytics domain on the
Exalytics Machine. Each Exalytics domain is defined as the combination of an Oracle
Business Intelligence domain and Oracle TimesTen. For each domain, the Exalytics
Domain Management Utility automates the installation and configuration of Oracle
Business Intelligence, Oracle WebLogic Server, Oracle Essbase, and optionally Oracle
TimesTen for Exalytics. Each Exalytics domain has its own middleware home
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4-1
About the Exalytics Domain Management Utility
deployed within a specific directory structure and tracked in a central configuration
file.
The Exalytics Domain Management Utility installs full
versions of the software (for example, Oracle Business Intelligence
11.1.1.7.0). The Exalytics Domain Management Utility does not install
patches. To apply the latest software patches, refer to the respective
product Readmes.
Note:
Figure 4–1 illustrates a directory structure of an Exalytics domain.
Figure 4–1 Directory Structure of an Exalytics Domain
Therefore, by creating multiple domains on a single Exalytics Machine you can
manage multiple installations of Oracle Business Intelligence, Oracle WebLogic Server,
Oracle Essbase, and Oracle TimesTen for Exalytics.
Multiple Exalytics domains on a single Exalytics Machine
must be created by the same operating system user.
Note:
In the above example (Figure 4–1), three Exalytics domains (Sales, Finance, and
Marketing) are created on an Exalytics Machine. Each domain has its own
subdirectories (fmw, instances, user_projects, and TimesTen). Also, as shown for the
Finance domain, various components of the domain are located under different
subdirectories.
The ports for each Exalytics domain are allocated in blocks of
100, starting with 12000. For example, the first domain has ports
starting from 12000. The second domain has ports starting from 12100,
and the third domain has ports starting from 12200, and so on.
Note:
4-2 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
The Exalytics Domain Management Utility also enables you to start and stop the
domain, list the domains, and scaleout the Exalytics Domain software components. See
Section 4.3.5, "Managing Exalytics Domains."
Oracle recommends that you use the Exalytics Domain
Management Utility as the primary way to install software on the
Exalytics Machine. If you need to install the software by using manual
procedures, see Appendix A, "Manual Procedures for Installing and
Configuring Software on an Exalytics Machine."
Note:
4.2 Documents to Review
As you prepare to install Oracle Business Intelligence software on the Exalytics
Machine, do the following:
■
■
■
Review the Oracle Business Intelligence chapter in the Oracle Fusion Middleware
Release Notes, to ensure that you understand the differences between Oracle
Business Intelligence and its documented functionality, and any other issues that
apply to the current release.
Review the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Release Notes to ensure that you
understand the differences between Oracle TimesTen and its documented
functionality, and any other issues that apply to the current release.
Review Chapter 1, "Installation Overview" to ensure that you understand the
options and architecture related to installing software on the Exalytics Machine.
4.3 Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
This section consists of the following topics:
■
Section 4.3.1, "Prerequisites for Installing Software on the Exalytics Machine"
■
Section 4.3.2, "Verifying Configuration of the Exalytics Machine"
■
Section 4.3.3, "Installing the Software by Using the Exalytics Domain Management
Utility"
■
Section 4.3.4, "Postinstallation Tasks for Business Intelligence Software"
■
Section 4.3.5, "Managing Exalytics Domains"
■
Section 4.3.6, "Troubleshooting the Installation and Configuration Processes"
■
Section 4.3.7, "Deinstalling Business Intelligence Software on the Exalytics
Machine"
4.3.1 Prerequisites for Installing Software on the Exalytics Machine
The following prerequisites must be met before installing Oracle Business Intelligence
on the Exalytics Machine:
■
■
■
The Exalytics Machine has been racked and mounted in a data center.
Network configuration is complete and the computer is accessible from the
network.
The Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 version of the Oracle Exalytics Base
Image (1.0.0.7) in running on the Exalytics Machine.
The Exalytics Machine is configured with the base operating system at the factory.
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4-3
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
If you need assistance, then Oracle provides Advanced Customer Services for
installing software on the Exalytics Machine.
■
A supported database is available (but not on Oracle Exalytics) and accessible
from the Exalytics Machine to host the schemas that are required by the Exalytics
Domain Management Utility as part of the installation process. Ensure that the
database is running during the installation and that the database is not hardened
for security purposes. Installing Oracle Business Intelligence against a hardened
database is not supported.
For information about hardened databases, see Oracle Database Vault
Administrator's Guide.
■
You have access to the internet from a computer (not necessarily the Exalytics
Machine) to download required packages.
4.3.2 Verifying Configuration of the Exalytics Machine
Before you install software on the Exalytics Machine, you must run configuration
scripts to verify the software and network configurations of the Exalytics Machine.
This section consists of the following topics:
■
Section 4.3.2.1, "Verifying Exalytics Software and Storage Configurations"
■
Section 4.3.2.2, "Verifying Exalytics Image Information"
4.3.2.1 Verifying Exalytics Software and Storage Configurations
You run the exalytics_CheckSWProfile script to verify the current Exalytics software
and storage configurations.
To verify Exalytics software and storage configurations:
1.
Log on to the Exalytics Machine.
2.
Navigate to the /opt/exalytics/bin directory.
3.
Enter the following command:
./exalytics_CheckSWProfile
4.
Verify that the output displayed is similar to the following:
[SUCCESS].......Has supported operating system
[SUCCESS]........Has supported processor
[SUCCESS]........Kernel is at the supported version
[SUCCESS]........Has supported kernel architecture
[SUCCESS]........Software is at the supported profile
4.3.2.2 Verifying Exalytics Image Information
You run the exalytics_imageinfo script to verify the current Exalytics image and
version details.
To verify the Exalytics image information:
1.
Log on the Exalytics Machine as a root user.
2.
Navigate to the /opt/exalytics/bin directory.
3.
Enter the following command:
./exalytics_imageinfo
4.
Verify that the output displayed is similar to the following:
4-4 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
Image version : 1.0.0.7
Creation timestamp : Day Date Month YEAR HOUR:MIN:SEC
Kernel version: 2.3.39-400.128.17.el5uek
RPM versions:
kernel-uek-2.6.39-400.128.17.el5uek
kernel-2.6.18-308.24.1.0.1.el5
exalytics-container-bm-1.0.0.7-64
exalytics-scripts-1.0.0.7-110
exalytics-flash-1.0.0.7-90
exalytics-domain-configure-1.0.0.7-122
exalytics-deps-exact-1.0.0.7-64
exalytics-deps-minimum-1.0.0.7-64
Even though the build numbers may be different than the ones
listed above, ensure that the updated kernel version is the same as the
one displayed above.
Note:
4.3.3 Installing the Software by Using the Exalytics Domain Management Utility
Installing software on an Exalytics Machine involves running the Exalytics Domain
Management Utility. The Exalytics Domain Management Utility provides an automatic
way of installing software on the Exalytics Machine by performing the following tasks:
■
Creating the RCU BIPLATFORM and MDS database schemas (if needed)
■
Installing Oracle WebLogic Server
■
Performing a Software Only install of Oracle Business Intelligence
■
Installing Oracle Essbase Suite (if needed)
■
Creating an Oracle Business Intelligence instance
■
Configuring the Oracle Business Intelligence domain
If required, the Exalytics Domain Management Utility also provides an automated
way of installing Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database and configuring
communication with a software install of Oracle BI EE.
The steps in the process are:
■
Section 4.3.3.1, "Creating a Password on the Operating System"
■
Section 4.3.3.2, "Optional: Creating the Inventory for Oracle TimesTen"
■
Section 4.3.3.3, "Optional: Setting Resource Limits for Oracle TimesTen"
■
Section 4.3.3.4, "Downloading the Oracle Installation Files into a Staging Directory
Structure"
■
Section 4.3.3.5, "Creating an Input Properties File"
■
Section 4.3.3.6, "Verifying User Permissions to the /u01 Directory"
■
Section 4.3.3.7, "Creating an Exalytics Domain"
■
Section 4.3.3.8, "Installing Oracle TimesTen for Exalytics"
■
Section 4.3.3.9, "Verifying the Installation"
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4-5
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
4.3.3.1 Creating a Password on the Operating System
If you are installing the software on an Exalytics Machine with the Release 1 Patchset 3
Base Image or later, a user named "oracle" and a group named "oinstall" already exists.
You next create a password for the user.
To create a password:
1.
Log in as the root user.
2.
To create a password, enter the following command:
passwd oracle
3.
Enter the password.
4.
Confirm the password when prompted.
You must use the same operating system user to create
multiple Exalytics domains on a single Exalytics Machine.
Note:
The procedures throughout this section assume a user named "oracle" and a group
named "oinstall".
To add a different user and group, enter the following
commands as root user:
Note:
groupadd <name of the group>
useradd -g <name of the group> <name of the user>
4.3.3.2 Optional: Creating the Inventory for Oracle TimesTen
If you are installing Oracle TimesTen, then create the inventory for Oracle TimesTen
after you log in as the root user by entering the following commands:
mkdir
chmod
chgrp
touch
chmod
chgrp
/etc/TimesTen
770 /etc/TimesTen
oinstall /etc/TimesTen
/etc/TimesTen/instance_info
770 /etc/TimesTen/instance_info
oinstall /etc/TimesTen/instance_info
Ensure that the group who runs the script has write access to the /etc/TimesTen
directory.
4.3.3.3 Optional: Setting Resource Limits for Oracle TimesTen
If you are installing Oracle TimesTen, then set resource limits for Oracle TimesTen by
performing the following tasks:
To set the resource limits for Oracle TimesTen:
1.
Make the following changes to the /etc/security/limits.conf file:
*
*
*
*
*
*
hard
soft
hard
soft
hard
soft
nofile 131072
nofile 131072
memlock unlimited
memlock unlimited
core unlimited
core unlimited
4-6 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
2.
Make the following additions to the /etc/security/limits.conf file:
*
*
3.
hard nproc 131072
soft nproc 131072
Depending on the amount of RAM in the Exalytics Machine, make the following
shared memory kernel setting in the /etc/sysctl.conf file:
kernel.shmmax = 1099511627776 (For an Exalytics Machine with 1 TB of RAM)
kernel.shmmax = 2199023255552 (For an Exalytics Machine with 2 TB of RAM)
4.
Add the following shared memory kernel setting in the /etc/sysctl.conf file:
kernel.shmmni = 4096
5.
Add the following setting for semaphores in the /etc/sysctl.conf file:
kernel.sem = 2048 64000 256 128
6.
Reboot the machine or run the following command as the root user:
/sbin/sysctl -p
4.3.3.4 Downloading the Oracle Installation Files into a Staging Directory Structure
Before installing the software you must download the required files into an organized
Installers directory structure. Please note that the directory structures detailed in Step
3 below are not mandatory, but is just an example. You can choose any structure to
organize the files.
For information about which version of the software to download, see the Oracle
Exalytics Certification Matrix at the following location:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/ias/downloads/fusion-certific
ation-100350.html
To download the installation files into the directory structure:
1.
Log in as the user you created. See, Section 4.3.3.1, "Creating a Password on the
Operating System."
2.
Download the following required software installers from the Media Pack and
patches for Oracle Exalytics under Oracle Business Intelligence software for Linux
X86-64 on Oracle Software Delivery Cloud at the following location:
http://edelivery.oracle.com/
■
■
Oracle BI Enterprise Edition Release 11g
Repository Creation Utility that corresponds with the appropriate Oracle BI
EE Release
■
Oracle TimesTen Release 11g
■
Oracle WebLogic Server Release 10g
For information about downloading and applying the latest Oracle Exalytics
patch, see Chapter 2, "Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)."
3.
As the user who owns the installation of the Oracle Exalytics software, create an
Installers directory structure such as the following for staging the software
installation programs, if the user name is "oracle" and the home directory is
/home/oracle:
■
/home/oracle/Installers/rcu
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4-7
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
Copy the Repository Creation Utility (RCU) zip file into the
/home/oracle/Installers/rcu directory.
Enter the following command to unzip the contents of the RCU zipped file
into /home/oracle/Installers/rcu directory:
unzip -q '*.zip'
■
/home/oracle/Installers/bi
Copy the Oracle BI EE installation zip files into this directory and unzip them
using the following command. The -q parameter reduces the number of lines
of output that are sent to the console.
unzip -q '*.zip'
The unzip process creates a subdirectory called bishiphome that contains
subdirectories with names of Disk1 through Disk5.
■
/home/oracle/Installers/timesten
Copy the TimesTen for Exalytics distribution file into this directory and do not
unzip it. The file has an extension such as .zip or .tar.gz. The installation
scripts work with a file of either extension.
■
/home/oracle/Installers/wls
Navigate to eDelivery and obtain the zip file for Oracle WebLogic Server
Oracle 11gR1 (10.3.6) for Exalogic Linux x86-64 (Part number V29852-01) and
extract the file with a name such as wls1036_linux64.bin into this directory. If
the file is not executable, then use a command such as the following to allow it
to be executed:
chmod +x wls1036_linux64.bin
Figure 4–2 illustrates the Installers directory structure.
Figure 4–2 Installers Directory Structure
4.3.3.5 Creating an Input Properties File
You next create an input properties file. You reference the input properties file when
running the command to create an Exalytics domain. The input properties file contains
the following parameters:
■
■
Location of the "Installers" directory. See Step 3 in Section 4.3.3.4, "Downloading
the Oracle Installation Files into a Staging Directory Structure."
Install group of the user performing the installation. See Section 4.3.3.1, "Creating a
Password on the Operating System."
To create an input properties file:
4-8 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
The procedures throughout this section assume the name of the input properties file as
"input.properties" and the location of the file at /home/oracle.
1.
Open a text editor.
2.
Add the following lines in the text editor:
EXALYTICS_INSTALLERS_DIR=<location of your installers directory>
For example: EXALYTICS_INSTALLERS_DIR=/home/oracle/Installers
INST_GROUP=<the install group of the user performing the install>
For example: INST_GROUP=oinstall
The following is an example of an input properties file:
EXALYTICS_INSTALLERS_DIR=/home/oracle/Installers
INST_GROUP=oinstall
3.
Save the file in a directory of your choice.
To run the Exalytics Domain Management Utility in silent mode, you must provide
additional parameters in the input properties file. An example of the silent mode
properties file named noprompts.exalytics.properties is located in the
/opt/exalytics/domainconfig/properties directory.
The following is an example of the silent mode input properties file:
You can optionally exclude passwords from the response file.
This prompts users to enter the required passwords when they run the
input properties file in silent mode.
Note:
###############################################################################
# This example input properties file allows a "silent" install without any prompts
#
# EXALYTICS_INSTALLERS_DIR - the repository containing all the shiphome installers
#
#
# Download and Copy the WebLogic Linux X64 installer from Oracle EDelivery to the
SHIPHOME_INSTALLERS_DIR/wls directory
# Download and Copy the BISHIPHOME zip files from Oracle EDelivery to the
SHIPHOME_INSTALLERS_DIR/bi directory and unzip the zips
# Download and Copy the RCU zip file from Oracle EDelivery to the SHIPHOME_
INSTALLERS_DIR/rcu directory and unzip it
#
#
# INST_GROUP - The group name of the installing user eg. oinstall
################################################################################
EXALYTICS_INSTALLERS_DIR=/home/oracle/EXALYTICS_INSTALLERS
INST_GROUP=oinstall
################################################################################
# Admin Credentials
################################################################################
ADMIN_USER_NAME=weblogic
ADMIN_PASSWORD=welcome1
################################################################################
# Schema details:
# These are only required for "add_domain" action
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4-9
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
################################################################################
# Specify whether you want to create new schemas or use existing schemas
# Can be true or false. If you say yes, then the script will create the schemas
using RCU
DATABASE_CREATE_SCHEMAS=false
#Connection string to the database
DATABASE_CONNECTION_STRING=host:1521:orcl
#Database type
DATABASE_TYPE='Oracle Database'
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------# The following properties are only required if DATABASE_CREATE_SCHEMAS=false, ie.
use existing schemas
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------DATABASE_SCHEMA_USERNAME_BI=EXAMPLE_BIPLATFORM
DATABASE_SCHEMA_PASSWORD_BI=welcome1
DATABASE_SCHEMA_USERNAME_MDS=EXAMPLE_MDS
DATABASE_SCHEMA_PASSWORD_MDS=welcome1
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------# The following properties are only required if DATABASE_CREATE_SCHEMAS=true, ie.
create new schemas using RCU
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------DATABASE_SCHEMA_CREATOR_USERNAME=sys
DATABASE_SCHEMA_CREATOR_PASSWORD=welcome1
DATABASE_SCHEMA_CREATOR_ROLE=sysdba
DATABASE_SCHEMA_PREFIX=EXAMPLE
DATABASE_SCHEMA_PASSWORD_BI=welcome1
DATABASE_SCHEMA_PASSWORD_MDS=welcome1
##################################################################################
########################
# These are only required for "scaleout_domain" action
##################################################################################
########################
DOMAIN_HOSTNAME=myhost.example.com
DOMAIN_PORT=12000
#Other prompts
CONFIGURE_ESSBASE_SUITE=true
INSTALL_EXALYTICS_IN_MEMORY_SOFTWARE=true
4.3.3.6 Verifying User Permissions to the /u01 Directory
Before running the configuration script, ensure that the user who is running the script
has write permissions to the /u01 directory.
If the user cannot write to the /u01 directory, then, as root user, enter the following
commands to change permissions:
chown <name of the user>:<name of the group> /u01
chmod 775 /u01
For example:
4-10 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
chown oracle:oinstall /u01
chmod 775 /u01
4.3.3.7 Creating an Exalytics Domain
You run the Exalytics Domain Management Utility to create an Exalytics domain.
To create an Exalytics domain:
1.
Log in to the Exalytics Machine as the user "oracle" or the new user you created.
See Section 4.3.3.1, "Creating a Password on the Operating System."
2.
To create an Exalytics domain, enter the following command:
/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-domain-management.sh --action=add_domain
--input=<location and name of the input properties file>
--domain=<domain_name>
For example:
/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-domain-management.sh --action=add_domain
--input=/home/oracle/Installers/input.properties --domain=menlo
3.
When prompted by the Exalytics Domain Management Utility, perform the
following tasks:
a.
Enter the user name and password you want to use for the Oracle WebLogic
Server administrator.
b.
Select a database type from the following list:
Oracle Database
Microsoft SQL Server
IBM DB2
c.
Choose whether you want to create new schemas or use existing schemas.
d.
If you are creating new schemas, enter the following information:
Database connect string (in the host: port: servicename format)
For example: oracle.com:1521:orcl
sys/dba user name and password
sys/dba role
Prefix for the schemas
BIPLATFORM and MDS schema passwords
e.
If you are using existing schemas, enter the following information:
Database connect string (in the host:port:servicename format)
For example: oracle.com:1521:orcl
Real Application Clusters Database (RAC DB) connect string in the
host1:port1:instance1^host2:port2:instance2@servicename format.
For example:
custdbhost1:1521:custdb1^custdbhost2:1521:custdb2@orcl
BIPLATFORM schema user name and password
MDS schema user name and password
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4-11
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
f.
Choose whether you want to install and configure Oracle Essbase Suite.
If you choose this option, the Exalytics Domain Management Utility
automatically installs and configures Oracle Essbase.
To install Oracle BI Applications on the Exalytics Machine, you
must install and configure Oracle Essbase Suite. See Section 4.5,
"Installing and Configuring Oracle BI Applications 11.1.1.8.1 on an
Exalytics Machine."
Note:
g.
Choose whether you want to install Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Software.
If you choose to install Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Software, the
HardwareAcceleration MBean attribute is enabled.
The Exalytics Domain Management Utility performs the following tasks:
■
■
Creates schemas (if chosen)
Installs and configures Oracle BI EE, Oracle WebLogic Server, Oracle Essbase Suite
(if needed).
After the installation completes, the status of the domain is displayed as follows:
**************************************************************************
Status report for the Exalytics Domain: menlo
*
*
**************************************************************************
==========================================================================
OPMN Managed Processes Status
==========================================================================
OPMN status report as of Thu Nov 07 14:12:33 2013
Processes in Instance: menlo
---------------------------------+--------------------+---------+--------ias-component
| process-type
|
pid | status
---------------------------------+--------------------+---------+--------essbasestudio1
| EssbaseStudio
|
23985 | Alive
essbaseserver1
| Essbase
|
15518 | Alive
coreapplication_obiccs1
| OracleBIClusterCo~ |
14823 | Alive
coreapplication_obisch1
| OracleBIScheduler~ |
15418 | Alive
coreapplication_obijh1
| OracleBIJavaHostC~ |
15189 | Alive
coreapplication_obips1
| OracleBIPresentat~ |
14994 | Alive
coreapplication_obis1
| OracleBIServerCom~ |
14866 | Alive
==========================================================================
WebLogic Servers Status
==========================================================================
WebLogic status report as of Thu Nov 07 14:12:33 2013
Servers in this host for WebLogic domain bifoundation_domain:
------------+-------------------------+-----------+-------+--------Server name | type
| pid
| port | status
------------+-------------------------+-----------+-------+--------AdminServer | WebLogic AdminServer
| 18223
| 12200 | RUNNING
bi_server1 | WebLogic Managed Server | 19585
| 12201 | RUNNING
==========================================================================
4-12 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
The script execution took 40 minutes and 13 seconds. For details, see the log file
/u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/logs/exalytics_domain_menlo_add_domain_
2013-11-07_125423.log
4.3.3.8 Installing Oracle TimesTen for Exalytics
If required, you can use the Exalytics Domain Management Utility to install Oracle
TimesTen on an existing Exalytics domain.
For information on the Installers directory structure and where to download Oracle
TimesTen installers, see Section 4.3.3.4, "Downloading the Oracle Installation Files into
a Staging Directory Structure."
To install Oracle TimesTen:
1.
Log in to the Exalytics Machine as the user "oracle" or the new user you created.
See Section 4.3.3.1, "Creating a Password on the Operating System."
2.
Verify the status of the existing domain. The domain should be up and running.
See Section 4.3.5.2, "Viewing Status of an Exalytics Domain."
3.
To install Oracle TimesTen, enter the following command:
/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-domain-management.sh --action=add_timesten
--input=<location and name of the input properties file> --domain=<name
of existing domain>
For example:
/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-domain-management.sh --action=add_timesten
--input=/home/oracle/Installers/input.properties --domain=menlo
The Exalytics Domain Management Utility performs the following actions:
1.
Prompts you to enter the user name and password for the Oracle WebLogic Server
administrator.
2.
Extracts the Oracle TimesTen installer.
3.
Installs and configures Oracle TimesTen.
After the installation is complete, the following message is displayed:
[LOGMSG] [11-12-13 11:11:10] [INFO] [menlo] [add_timesten] TimesTen Installed
Successfully
4.3.3.9 Verifying the Installation
To verify that the installation was successful, you run the <list_domain> command of
the Exalytics Domain Management Utility. The command displays all existing
domains. If the domain is displayed, then the installation succeeded. For instructions
on running the <list_domain> command, see Section 4.3.5.3, "Listing Exalytics
Domains."
If the installation is successful, the output looks similar to the following:
Exalytics Domain: menlo
============================================================
Node type: Primary node
Provisioning status: Completed
Middleware Home: /u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/exalyticsdomains/menlo/fmw
BI Instance Home:
/u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/exalyticsdomains/menlo/instances/instance1
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4-13
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
| Application URLs |
------------------Oracle Enterprise Manager: http://<server-name>:12000/em
Oracle WebLogic Admin Console: http://<server-name>:12000/console
Oracle Business Intelligence: http://<server-name>:12001/analytics
Oracle BI Publisher : http://<server-name>:12001/xmlpserver
-----------| WebLogic |
-----------Domain Home: /u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/exalyticsdomains/menlo/user_
projects/domains/bifoundation_domain
Admin Server Host: <server-name>
Admin Server Port: 12000
BI Managed Server Host: <server-name>
BI Managed Server Port: 12001
-----------| TimesTen |
-----------TimesTen enabled: Yes
Timesten Instance Name: ttmenlo
Instance Directory: /u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/exalyticsdomains/menlo
/TimesTen/ttmenlo
Timesten Daemon Port: 12158
Timesten Server Port: 12159
----------------| Essbase Suite |
----------------Essbase Suite enabled: Yes
Workspace: http://<server-name>:12001/workspace
APS: http://<server-name>:12001/aps
EAS Console: http://<server-name>:12001/easconsole
Essbase Port: 12016
============================================================
Found 1 domain(s) in total
4.3.4 Postinstallation Tasks for Business Intelligence Software
The postinstallation tasks vary depending on whether you are deploying on multiple
computers, as described in Chapter 7, "Deploying Oracle Exalytics for High
Availability." The tasks include updating files and configuring an ODBC connection.
For a single-node installation, the Exalytics Domain Management Utility performs
many of the configuration tasks. For a multiple node system, you must perform the
configuration tasks manually. The sections of this chapter indicate on which
computers to perform the tasks.
If you are deploying software on a Exalytics Machine
configured for virtualization, postinstallation tasks and various
parameters may vary.
Note:
The section includes the following topics:
4-14 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
■
Section 4.3.4.1, "Installing and Deinstalling Oracle Business Intelligence Client
Tools"
■
Section 4.3.4.2, "Creating the boot.properties File"
■
Section 4.3.4.3, "Starting and Stopping Components on an Exalytics Machine"
■
Section 4.3.4.4, "Running the Daemon Configuration Scripts for Oracle TimesTen"
■
Section 4.3.4.5, "Configuring Memory Settings on the Server"
■
Section 4.3.4.6, "Instantiating the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database"
■
■
Section 4.3.4.7, "Configuring the ODBC Connection from Oracle Business
Intelligence to Oracle TimesTen"
Section 4.3.4.8, "Mapping Instances of Oracle TimesTen into the Physical Layer of
the Oracle BI Repository"
■
Section 4.3.4.9, "Installing and Configuring BI Composer for Oracle BI EE"
■
Section 4.3.4.10, "Creating a DSN for IBM DB2 or Microsoft SQL Server"
■
Section 4.3.4.11, "Configuring IBM DB2 to Support Multibyte Data"
■
Section 4.3.4.12, "Configuring Sample Reports for Oracle BI Publisher"
■
Section 4.3.4.13, "Changing the Default Password for SampleAppLite.rpd"
■
■
Section 4.3.4.14, "Adding the ORACLEHARDWAREACCELERATION TRUE
Parameter for Essbase"
Section 4.3.4.15, "Enabling Bursting Optimization for BI Publisher"
4.3.4.1 Installing and Deinstalling Oracle Business Intelligence Client Tools
Perform this task one time regardless of the number of computers in the cluster.
You must install the Oracle Business Intelligence Administration Tool, Oracle Business
Intelligence Job Manager, and Oracle Business Intelligence Catalog Manager on a
Windows computer. See "Installing and Deinstalling Oracle Business Intelligence
Client Tools" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle Business
Intelligence.
4.3.4.2 Creating the boot.properties File
Perform the following steps to create a boot.properties file for the Administration
Server. This file enables the Administration Server to start without prompting you for
the administrator user name and password.
Perform this task on each computer in the cluster.
To create boot.properties file:
1.
Go to the following directory:
ORACLE_BASE/admin/domain_name/aserver/domain
name/servers/AdminServer/security
2.
In this directory, create a file called boot.properties using a text editor and enter
the following lines in the file:
username=Admin_Username
password=Admin_Password
3.
Save the file and close the editor.
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
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Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
4.3.4.3 Starting and Stopping Components on an Exalytics Machine
After making configuration changes, you stop and start components on the Exalytics
Machine to enable those changes to take effect.
You run the Exalytics Domain Management Utility to start and stop the Exalytics
domain. When you start a primary or scaled-out Exalytics domain, all components on
the domain start. If Oracle TimesTen is installed, the Oracle TimesTen Server starts.
Similarly, when you stop a primary or scaled-out Exalytics domain, all components on
the domain stop. If Oracle TimesTen is installed, the Oracle TimesTen Server stops. See
Section 4.3.5.1, "Starting and Stopping an Exalytics Domain."
4.3.4.4 Running the Daemon Configuration Scripts for Oracle TimesTen
You run the daemon configuration scripts to enable Oracle TimesTen services to start
each time you restart the Exalytics Machine.
Perform this task on each computer in the cluster.
Run the daemon configuration scripts for Oracle TimesTen as root, using the following
command:
<install_location>/TimesTen/tt1122/bin/setuproot -install
4.3.4.5 Configuring Memory Settings on the Server
Perform this task on each computer in the cluster.
When you configure memory settings, keep the following in mind:
■
If an Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database larger than 256 GB is required, then
you must configure and use large pages.
See "Large pages" in Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Installation Guide for
additional information on defining the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database in
the DSN and on editing the limits.conf file for kernel parameters and semaphores.
■
The largest recommended size for a Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database on a
single machine is a total of 800 GB for an X2-4 Exalytics Machine, and 1800 GB for
an X3-4 Exalytics Machine, which includes the values for the PermSize and
TempSize attributes.
Increasing large page settings for more memory will result in
other applications (Oracle BI EE, Oracle Essbase) unable to allocate
memory. Exceeding more than 80% of the physical memory is not
recommended. Depending on how much more PermSize memory is
required, you can transfer memory from the TempSize.
Note:
4.3.4.5.1 Configuring Large Pages at the Kernel Level You can configure and activate the
number of large pages by setting the nr_hugepages parameter in the /etc/sysctl.conf
file. For example, for an 800 GB Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database, you must
specify greater than 410122 pages to create an 800 GB store based on the following
calculation:
(PermSize + TempSize + LogBufMB + 20) / hugepage_size
[All in bytes]
(400*1024*1024*1024) + (400*1024*1024*1024) + (1024*1024*1024) + (20*1024*1024) =
860088172544
860088172544 / (2 * 1024 * 1024) = 410122
4-16 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
For example, to allow for spare capacity, modify the following setting in the
/etc/sysctl.conf file:
vm.nr_hugepages = 410200
then either restart the machine or run the following command as the root user:
/sbin/sysctl –p
The above calculations are an example for a 800 GB Oracle
TimesTen database. Depending on the size of your Oracle TimesTen
database deployed and the type of deployment (virtual or
non-virtual), you can use different calculations.
Note:
4.3.4.5.2 Configuring Large Pages for Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Databases You can
configure large pages for the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database by editing the
following file:
<install_location>/TimesTen/tt1122/info/ttendaemon.options
and adding the following line:
-linuxLargePageAlignment 2
4.3.4.5.3 Increasing PermSize on Existing Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Databases After
configuring large pages for the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database, you can
increase the PermSize on existing Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Databases.
To increase PermSize on existing Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Databases:
1.
Disconnect all applications, including Oracle BI EE, from the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database.
2.
If needed, change the RAM policy from inUse to Manual.
3.
Unload the RAM memory from the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database by
executing the following command:
ttAdmin -ramunload <Your_TT_DSN>
For example:
ttAdmin -ramunload TT_AGGR_STORE
4.
Modify the timesten-install-dir/info/sys.odbc.ini file in the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database to increase the PermSize.
5.
Reload the RAM memory in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database, by
executing the following command:
ttAdmin -ramload <Your_TT_DSN>
For example:
ttAdmin -ramload TT_AGGR_STORE
6.
Reconnect all applications, including Oracle BI EE, to the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database.
For more information, see the "Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database". The link to
"Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Documentation" is available on the Oracle
Exalytics Documentation Library.
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
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Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
4.3.4.6 Instantiating the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database
Perform this task on each computer in the cluster. For the first computer, the Exalytics
Domain Management Utility updates the sys.odbc.ini file, then you perform the rest of
the task manually.
The Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Databases are defined using a DSN that is contained
in the sys.odbc.ini file in the following directory:
<install_location>/TimesTen/tt1122/info
The Exalytics Domain Management Utility automatically updates the sys.odbc.ini file
for Oracle TimesTen with a default configuration for the in-memory aggregate store for
Oracle Exalytics, as shown in the following excerpts from a sample file on an Exalytics
Machine:
[ODBC Data Sources]
TT_AGGR_STORE=TimesTen 11.2.2 Driver
[TT_AGGR_STORE]
Driver=/u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen/tt1122/lib/libtten.so
DataStore=/u01/app/oracle/product/aggregate_store/tt_aggr_store
LogDir=/u01/app/oracle/product/aggregate_store/logs
DatabaseCharacterSet=AL32UTF8
ConnectionCharacterSet=AL32UTF8
LogFileSize=1024
LogBufMB=1024
LogBufParallelism=16
Preallocate=0
PermSize=25000
TempSize=25000
MemoryLock=4
CkptFrequency=30
CkptLogVolume=0
CkptRate=20
PrivateCommands=1
RecoveryThreads=40
This DSN supports an Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database of 25GB with overall
memory consumption of approximately 50GB. To support larger in-memory data
stores, increase the settings of the PermSize and TempSize parameters. To support this
DSN definition, the semi-automated installation process creates the following
directories on the Exalytics Machine:
<install_
location>/exalytics/exalyticsdomains/<domainname>/TimesTen/tt<domainname>/
aggregate_store/
<install_
location>/exalytics/exalyticsdomains/<domainname>/TimesTen/tt<domainname>/
aggregate_store/logs
On computers other than the first one in the cluster, manually edit the sys.odbc.ini file
for Oracle TimesTen to add the DSN definition. Before instantiating this DSN, remove
the comment character (#) that the Exalytics Domain Management Utility included for
the lines that define the DataStore and LogDir parameters in the sys.odbc.ini file.
The Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database is instantiated when the first connection is
made to the database. Navigate to the bin directory, run the ttIsql utility, and create a
user (with a name such as "exalytics" and password such as "welcome1") as shown in
the following sample commands:
4-18 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
cd /u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen/tt1122/bin
./ttIsql
connect dsn=TT_AGGR_STORE;
create user exalytics identified by welcome1;
grant create session to exalytics;
grant create table to exalytics;
grant select on SYS.OBJ$ to exalytics;
Use the following sample commands to test the connection to the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database. There are no tables of data yet configured to return.
connect "DSN=TT_AGGR_STORE;uid=exalytics";
tables;
exit
You can use a tool such as SQL Developer on the client computer, if the Windows
TimesTen client drivers that are installed can make a connection to the Oracle
TimesTen instance that is used for aggregate storage. This tool can allow you to easily
view the contents of the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database and to create a dummy
table that facilitates the mapping of the Oracle TimesTen schema into the physical
layer of the repository for Oracle Business Intelligence.
4.3.4.7 Configuring the ODBC Connection from Oracle Business Intelligence to
Oracle TimesTen
Perform this task on each computer in the cluster. The Exalytics Domain Management
Utility performs this task on the first computer.
The Client/Server DSN in Oracle TimesTen spans computer boundaries and the
remote Oracle TimesTen server can be configured as part of the DSN. You create the
DSN for the two Oracle TimesTen instances by modifying the following file:
/EXALYTICS_
MWHOME/instances/instance1/bifoundation/OracleBIApplication/coreapplication
/setup/odbc.ini
On the second computer in a cluster, the directory name includes the string "instance2"
for the second computer instead of "instance1".
The following provides sample modifications to the file:
[ODBC Data Sources]
AnalyticsWeb = Oracle BI Server
Cluster = Oracle BI Server
SSL_Sample = Oracle BI Server
TT_AGGR_STORE = TimesTen 11.2.2 Driver
[TT_AGGR_STORE]
Driver = /u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen/tt1122/lib/libttclient.so
TTC_SERVER_DSN = TT_AGGR_STORE
TTC_SERVER = <tt_hostname>
TTC_TIMEOUT = 0
Define the DSN Servers for Oracle TimesTen by modifying the following file:
<install_location>/TimesTen/tt1122/info/sys.ttconnect.ini
The following provides sample modifications to the file:
[tt_hostname]
Description=TimesTen Server
Network_Address=example1.com
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4-19
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
TCP_PORT=53397
In a multiple node cluster, you achieve high availability of in-memory aggregates by
installing a Oracle TimesTen instance on each computer and ensuring that each
instance is aware of the Oracle TimesTen instance on the other computer. You edit the
odbc.ini file for Oracle Business Intelligence to contain references to both Oracle
TimesTen instances. A two-node cluster might contain the following configuration
details in the odbc.ini file on each computer:
[ODBC Data Sources]
AnalyticsWeb = Oracle BI Server
Cluster = Oracle BI Server
SSL_Sample = Oracle BI Server
TT_AGGR_STORE1 = TimesTen 11.2.2 Driver
TT_AGGR_STORE2 = TimesTen 11.2.2 Driver
[TT_AGGR_STORE1]
Driver = /u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen/tt1122/lib/libttclient.so
TTC_SERVER_DSN = TT_AGGR_STORE
TTC_SERVER = <tt_hostname1>
TTC_TIMEOUT = 0
[TT_AGGR_STORE2]
Driver = /u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen/tt1122/lib/libttclient.so
TTC_SERVER_DSN = TT_AGGR_STORE
TTC_SERVER = <tt_hostname2>
TTC_TIMEOUT = 0
With this configuration, edit the sys.ttconnect.ini in the <install_
location>/TimesTen/tt1122/info directory to correspond to the odbc.ini file as shown
in the following example:
[tt_hostname1]
Description=TimesTen Server
Network_Address=<fully qualified hostname>
TCP_PORT=53397
[tt_hostname2]
Description=TimesTen Server
Network_Address=<fully qualified hostname>
TCP_PORT=53397
4.3.4.8 Mapping Instances of Oracle TimesTen into the Physical Layer of the Oracle
BI Repository
You must map all instances of Oracle TimesTen into the Physical layer of the Oracle BI
repository. To map the instances, manually create the necessary database, connection
pool, and physical schema objects using the Administration Tool. Then, upload the
changed repository using the Repository tab of the Deployment page in Fusion
Middleware Control.
When mapping an Oracle TimesTen source into the Physical layer of the Oracle BI
repository, ensure that the database type and version are set correctly in the Database
field of the General tab of the Database dialog. You must also ensure that the Call
interface field in the General tab of the Connection Pool dialog is set correctly. For
example, for Oracle TimesTen version 11.2.2., use the ODBC 3.5 call interface.
For more information, see the following:
■
"Setting Up Database Objects and Connection Pools" in Oracle Fusion Middleware
Metadata Repository Builder's Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition
4-20 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
■
"Configuring Repositories" in Oracle Fusion Middleware System Administrator's
Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition
4.3.4.9 Installing and Configuring BI Composer for Oracle BI EE
Perform this task on each computer in the cluster.
See "Installing and Configuring BI Composer for Oracle BI EE" in Oracle Fusion
Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence.
4.3.4.10 Creating a DSN for IBM DB2 or Microsoft SQL Server
Perform this task one time regardless of the number of computers in the cluster if you
use IBM DB2 or Microsoft SQL Server.
See "Creating a DSN for IBM DB2 or Microsoft SQL Server" in Oracle Fusion Middleware
Installation Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence.
4.3.4.11 Configuring IBM DB2 to Support Multibyte Data
Perform this task one time regardless of the number of computers in the cluster if you
use IBM DB2.
See "Configuring IBM DB2 to Support Multibyte Data" in Oracle Fusion Middleware
Installation Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence.
4.3.4.12 Configuring Sample Reports for Oracle BI Publisher
Perform this task on each computer in the cluster.
See "Configuring Sample Reports for Oracle BI Publisher" in Oracle Fusion Middleware
Installation Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence.
4.3.4.13 Changing the Default Password for SampleAppLite.rpd
Perform this task once for the domain.
When you install Oracle Business Intelligence, the Oracle Business Intelligence
installer automatically installs the SampleAppLite.rpd file with a default repository
password of Admin123. If you intend to use the SampleAppLite.rpd file in a
production system, then Oracle recommends that you change the default password for
security reasons. For complete information on changing the password, see "Changing
the Repository Password" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Metadata Repository Builder's
Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition.
You can download the Sample Application (full version) from the following location
on Oracle Technology Network:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/bi-foundation/obiee-samples-1
67534.html
4.3.4.14 Adding the ORACLEHARDWAREACCELERATION TRUE Parameter for
Essbase
If Essbase is installed, you must add the ORACLEHARDWAREACCELERATION
TRUE parameter to the essbase.cfg file.
To add the ORACLEHARDWAREACCELERATION TRUE parameter:
1.
Open the essbase.cfg file for editing.
The essbase.cfg file is located in:
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4-21
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
ORACLE_INSTANCE/Essbase/essbaseserver1/bin/essbase.cfg
2.
Edit the essbase.cfg file by adding the following parameter:
ORACLEHARDWAREACCELERATION TRUE
3.
Save the file.
4.
Stop and restart the Essbase server by performing the following actions:
a.
Log in to Fusion Middleware Control.
For information, see Section 2.2.2, "Logging into Fusion Middleware Control
to Manage Oracle Business Intelligence" in Oracle Fusion Middleware System
Administrator's Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition.
b.
Select Business Intelligence then coreapplication.
c.
Display the Processes page in the Availability tab.
For example, expand Essbase Agents and select essbaseserver1 in the
Processes section.
This enables you to start or stop just the Essbase Server process.
d.
Click Stop Selected to stop the selected process.
e.
Click Start Selected to start the selected process.
4.3.4.15 Enabling Bursting Optimization for BI Publisher
Enabling bursting optimization mode for BI Publisher significantly enhances the
performance of bursting jobs run through the BI Publisher scheduler.
To enable bursting optimization:
1.
Open the xmlp-server-config.xml file located at:
DOMAIN_
HOME/config/bipublisher/repository/Admin/Configuration/xmlp-server-confi
g.xml
2.
Add the following property and value setting to the file:
<property name="OPTIMIZE_BURST" value="true" />
3.
Save the xmlp-server-config.xml.
4.
Restart the BI Publisher application.
To handle high volume jobs (normal scheduled jobs or bursting jobs) configure the
system temporary directory and the JMS shared directory in the BI Publisher
Administration pages. For best performance configure these temp directories to use
RAM disk (for non-clustered environments only) or solid-state drive. For information,
see "Setting the System Temporary Directory" and "Configuring the Shared Directory"
in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence
Publisher.
4.3.5 Managing Exalytics Domains
You use the Exalytics Domain Management Utility to manage Exalytics domains. You
can use the Exalytics Domain Management Utility to start or stop the Exalytics
domain, view current status of the domain, list all domains on the Exalytics Machine,
and so on.
This section consists of the following topics:
4-22 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
■
Section 4.3.5.1, "Starting and Stopping an Exalytics Domain"
■
Section 4.3.5.2, "Viewing Status of an Exalytics Domain"
■
Section 4.3.5.3, "Listing Exalytics Domains"
■
Section 4.3.5.4, "Scaling Out an Oracle Business Intelligence Domain."
■
Section 4.3.5.5, "Removing an Exalytics Domain."
4.3.5.1 Starting and Stopping an Exalytics Domain
You use the Exalytics Domain Management Utility to start and stop an Exalytics
domain. Starting and stopping the Exalytics domain starts and stops all services
(WebLogic Administration Server, WebLogic Managed Server, OPMN managed
process, and TimesTen) of the installation on the domain.
To start an Exalytics domain:
1.
Log in to the Exalytics Machine as the user "oracle" or the new user you created.
See Section 4.3.3.1, "Creating a Password on the Operating System."
2.
To start an Exalytics domain, enter the following command:
/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-domain-management.sh --action=start_domain
--input=<location and name of the input file> --domain=<domain_name>
For example:
/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-domain-management.sh --action=start_domain
--input=/home/oracle/Installers/input.properties --domain=menlo
The utility performs the following actions:
■
Prompts you to enter the user name and password for the Oracle WebLogic
Server administrator.
■
Starts WebLogic Administration Server
■
Starts WebLogic Managed Server
■
Starts OPMN and all managed processes
■
Starts TimesTen (if installed)
All services are started. If the Node Manager was stopped, it restarts.
To stop an Exalytics domain:
1.
Log in to the Exalytics Machine as the user "oracle" or the new user you created.
See Section 4.3.3.1, "Creating a Password on the Operating System."
2.
To stop an Exalytics domain, enter the following command:
/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-domain-management.sh --action=stop_domain
--input=<location and name of the input file> --domain=<domain_name>
For example:
/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-domain-management.sh --action=stop_domain
--input=/home/oracle/Installers/input.properties --domain=menlo
The utility performs the following actions:
■
■
Prompts you to enter the user name and password for the Oracle WebLogic
Server administrator.
Stops TimesTen (if installed)
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4-23
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
■
Stops OPMN and all managed processes
■
Stops WebLogic Managed Server
■
Stops WebLogic Administration Server
All services are stopped. The Node Manager is not stopped.
4.3.5.2 Viewing Status of an Exalytics Domain
To view status of an Exalytics domain:
1.
Log in to the Exalytics Machine as the user "oracle" or the new user you created.
See Section 4.3.3.1, "Creating a Password on the Operating System."
2.
To view status of an Exalytics domain, enter the following command:
/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-domain-management.sh --action=status
--input=<location and name of the input file> --domain=<domain_name>
For example:
/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-domain-management.sh --action=status
--input=/home/oracle/Installers/input.properties --domain=menlo
The utility performs the following actions:
■
■
Prompts you to enter the user name and password for the Oracle WebLogic
Server administrator.
Displays the TimesTen (if present), OPMN Managed processes, and WebLogic
Administration and Manager server statuses for the domain.
The output looks similar to the following:
*******************************************************************
Status report for the Exalytics Domain: menlo
**************************************************************************
=========================================================================
TimesTen Status
==========================================================================
TimesTen status report as of Wed Nov 6 13:44:26 2013
Daemon pid 11265 port 12158 instance ttmenlo
TimesTen server pid 11274 started on port 12159
-----------------------------------------------------------------------Accessible by group oinstall
End of report
==========================================================================
OPMN Managed Processes Status
==========================================================================
OPMN status report as of Wed Nov 06 13:44:29 2013
Processes in Instance: menlo
---------------------------------+--------------------+---------+--------ias-component
| process-type
|
pid | status
---------------------------------+--------------------+---------+--------essbasestudio1
| EssbaseStudio
|
14481 | Alive
essbaseserver1
| Essbase
|
26528 | Alive
coreapplication_obiccs1
| OracleBIClusterCo~ |
26527 | Alive
coreapplication_obisch1
| OracleBIScheduler~ |
26531 | Alive
coreapplication_obijh1
| OracleBIJavaHostC~ |
26525 | Alive
coreapplication_obips1
| OracleBIPresentat~ |
26524 | Alive
4-24 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
coreapplication_obis1
| OracleBIServerCom~ |
26530 | Alive
==========================================================================
WebLogic Servers Status
==========================================================================
WebLogic status report as of Wed Nov 06 13:44:29 2013
Servers in this host for WebLogic domain bifoundation_domain:
------------+-------------------------+-----------+-------+--------Server name | type
| pid
| port | status
------------+-------------------------+-----------+-------+--------AdminServer | WebLogic AdminServer
| 22224
| 12000 | RUNNING
bi_server1 | WebLogic Managed Server | 22685
| 12001 | RUNNING
==========================================================================
4.3.5.3 Listing Exalytics Domains
You use the Exalytics Domain Management Utility to view a listing of all existing
Exalytics domains on the Exalytics Machine.
To list Exalytics domains:
1.
Log in to the Exalytics Machine as the user "oracle" or the new user you created.
See Section 4.3.3.1, "Creating a Password on the Operating System."
2.
To list existing Exalytics domains, enter the following command:
/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-domain-management.sh --action=list_domains
--input=<location and name of the input file>
For example:
/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-domain-management.sh --action=list_domains
--input=/home/oracle/input.properties
The utility performs the following actions:
■
Lists all existing domains on the Exalytics Machine and displays the following
information for each domain:
Node type
Provisioning status
Location of Middleware Home
Location of BI Instance Home
Application URLs
Host name and port number for WebLogic Administration server
Host name and port number for BI Managed server
Instance name, instance directory, daemon and server port numbers for Oracle
TimesTen (if installed)
URLs for Workspace, Analytical Provider Services (APS), Essbase
Administration Services (EAS) console, and port number for Oracle Essbase
Suite (if installed)
The output looks similar to the following:
Exalytics Domain: menlo
============================================================
Node type: Primary node
Provisioning status: Completed
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
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Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
Middleware Home: /u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/exalyticsdomains/menlo/fmw
BI Instance Home:
/u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/exalyticsdomains/menlo/instances/instance1
| Application URLs |
------------------Oracle Enterprise Manager: http://<server-name>:12000/em
Oracle WebLogic Admin Console: http://<server-name>:12000/console
Oracle Business Intelligence: http://<server-name>:12001/analytics
Oracle BI Publisher : http://<server-name>:12001/xmlpserver
-----------| WebLogic |
-----------Domain Home: /u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/exalyticsdomains/menlo/user_
projects/domains/bifoundation_domain
Admin Server Host: <server-name>
Admin Server Port: 12000
BI Managed Server Host: <server-name>
BI Managed Server Port: 12001
-----------| TimesTen |
-----------TimesTen enabled: Yes
Timesten Instance Name: ttmenlo
Instance Directory: /u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/exalyticsdomains/menlo
/TimesTen/ttmenlo
Timesten Daemon Port: 12158
Timesten Server Port: 12159
----------------| Essbase Suite |
----------------Essbase Suite enabled: Yes
Workspace: http://<server-name>:12001/workspace
APS: http://<server-name>:12001/aps
EAS Console: http://<server-name>:12001/easconsole
Essbase Port: 12016
============================================================
Exalytics Domain: greenwood
============================================================
Node type: Primary node
Provisioning status: Completed
Middleware Home: /u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/exalyticsdomains/greenwoo
d/fmw
BI Instance Home: /u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/exalyticsdomains/greenwo
od/instances/instance1
------------------| Application URLs |
------------------Oracle Enterprise Manager: http://<server-name>:12100/em
Oracle WebLogic Admin Console: http://<server-name>:12100/console
Oracle Business Intelligence: http://<server-name>:12101/analytics
Oracle BI Publisher : http://<server-name>:12101/xmlpserver
4-26 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
-----------| WebLogic |
-----------Domain Home: /u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/exalyticsdomains/greenwood/us
er_projects/domains/bifoundation_domain
Admin Server Host: <server-name>
Admin Server Port: 12100
BI Managed Server Host: <server-name>
BI Managed Server Port: 12101
-----------| TimesTen |
-----------TimesTen enabled: Yes
Timesten Instance Name: ttgreenwood
Instance Directory: /u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/exalyticsdomains/green
wood/TimesTen/ttgreenwood
Timesten Daemon Port: 12138
Timesten Server Port: 12139
----------------| Essbase Suite |
----------------Essbase Suite enabled: Yes
Workspace: http://<server-name>:12101/workspace
APS: http://<server-name>:12101/aps
EAS Console: http://<server-name>:12101/easconsole
Essbase Port: 12116
Found 2 domain(s) in total
4.3.5.4 Scaling Out an Oracle Business Intelligence Domain
You can scale out an existing Oracle Business Intelligence domain for scalability and
performance. For instructions on how to scale out an existing Oracle Business
Intelligence domain, see Chapter 7.3, "Configuring for High Availability."
4.3.5.5 Removing an Exalytics Domain
When you remove the domain on an Exalytics Machine, all components of the domain
are automatically removed.
When removing scaled-out domains, you must first remove all
secondary domains before removing the primary node.
Note:
For instructions on how to remove an Exalytics domain and deinstall software, see
Section 4.3.7, "Deinstalling Business Intelligence Software on the Exalytics Machine."
4.3.6 Troubleshooting the Installation and Configuration Processes
This section provides the following information on troubleshooting:
■
Section 4.3.6.1, "Resolving Issues with the Installation"
■
Section 4.3.6.2, "Viewing Log Files"
■
Section 4.3.6.3, "Reinstalling Software on the Exalytics Machine"
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4-27
Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
■
Section 4.3.6.4, "For More Information"
4.3.6.1 Resolving Issues with the Installation
If you have any issues installing software on the Exalytics Machine, check the
following items:
■
■
Check the networking configuration of the machine including the /etc/hosts file.
If the Exalytics Domain Management Utility fails, then perform the following
steps:
1.
Check the log files in the /u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/logs directory.
See Section 4.3.6.2, "Viewing Log Files."
2.
Review and fix the error. Depending on the type of error, rerun the Exalytics
Domain Management Utility.
Note: If the list_domains command shows the Provisioning Status of
the domain as "Failed", then you must first remove the domain by
running the remove_domain command.
4.3.6.2 Viewing Log Files
After installing the software, you can check log files created by the Exalytics Domain
Management Utility. The utility creates a unique log file for each executed action. For
example, the Exalytics Domain Management Utility creates a different log file when
creating a domain and a different log file when listing domains. The format of the log
file for an action is as follows:
exalytics_domain_<domain_name>_<action>_<timesstamp>.log
In addition to the "action" log files, the Exalytics Domain Management Utility also
provides information about the location of the log files of the underlying process (such
as Oracle BI EE installer log file). For example, there are different log files when
installing and configuring Oracle Business Intelligence, and a different log file when
installing Oracle TimesTen. The location of the log file for each process is displayed in
the specific action log file and is prefixed by the word [LOGFILE]. The format of the
log file for an underlying process is as follows:
[LOGFILE] [<process>] <location>
To view log files for each executed action and Oracle WebLogic Server installation:
■
Navigate to the /u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/logs directory.
The log file for each action is named as follows:
exalytics_domain_<domain_name>_<action>_<timestamp>.log
For example:
exalytics_domain_menlo_list_domain_2013-11-13_005822.log
The log file for Oracle WebLogic Server is named as follows:
weblogic_install_2013-11-21_162945.log
To view log files for software installation and configuration process:
1.
Navigate to the /u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/logs directory.
2.
Open the log file that is created for the <add_domain> action.
For example:
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Installing Business Intelligence Software on New Deployments
exalytics_domain_menlo_add_domain_2013-10-13_005822.log
3.
Search for the word [LOGFILE].
Location of the BI Installer and BI Configuration Assistant log files are displayed.
For example:
[LOGFILE] [BI Installer]
/u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/oraInventory/logs/install2013-11-21_
11-26-49PM.log
[LOGFILE] [BI Config Assistant]
/u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/oraInventory/logs/install2013-11-21_
04-51-20PM.log
To view log files for TimesTen installation:
1.
Navigate to the /u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/logs directory.
2.
Open the log file created for the <add_timesten> action for a specific domain.
For example:
exalytics_domain_menlo_add_timesten_2013-10-14_005822.log
3.
Search for the word [LOGFILE].
Location of the TimesTen installation log file is displayed.
For example:
[LOGFILE] [TimesTen install]
/u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/exalyticsdomains/menlo/fmw/Oracle_
BI1/bifoundation/exalytics/logs/bim-tt-install.log
4.3.6.3 Reinstalling Software on the Exalytics Machine
You might want to reinstall the software. The Exalytics Domain Management Utility
does not allow reinstallation of Oracle Business Intelligence in a directory that contains
another Oracle Business Intelligence installation on an Exalytics Machine.
To reinstall Oracle Business Intelligence:
1.
Remove the domain as described in Section 4.3.7, "Deinstalling Business
Intelligence Software on the Exalytics Machine."
2.
Create a new Exalytics domain. See Chapter 4.3.3.7, "Creating an Exalytics
Domain."
If you created the BISHIPHOME and MDS schemas, then either drop the schemas
or use a new prefix to create schemas.
4.3.6.4 For More Information
For additional information, see the following:
■
"Troubleshooting the Installation and Configuration Processes" of Oracle Fusion
Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence
4.3.7 Deinstalling Business Intelligence Software on the Exalytics Machine
To deinstall software on the Exalytics Machine, you use the Exalytics Domain
Management Utility to remove the Exalytics domain. When you remove the Exalytics
domain, all software for the domain is deinstalled.
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4-29
Existing Business Intelligence Installations: Registering a Primary Business Intelligence Software Installation on an Exalytics
To manually deinstall software on the Exalytics Machine, see
Appendix A.4, "Deinstalling Software on the Exalytics Machine."
Note:
To remove an Exalytics domain:
1.
Log in to the Exalytics Machine as the user "oracle". See Section 4.3.3.1, "Creating a
Password on the Operating System."
2.
To remove an Exalytics domain, enter the following command:
/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-domain-management.sh --action=remove_
domain --input=<location and name of the input file> --domain=<Domain_
name>
For example:
/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-domain-management.sh --action=remove_
domain --input=/home/oracle/Installers/input.properties --domain=menlo
When prompted by the Exalytics Domain Management Utility, perform the
following tasks:
■
■
Confirm whether or not you want to remove the domain by selecting Yes or
No.
Enter the user name and password for the Oracle WebLogic Server
administrator.
The Exalytics Domain Management Utility stops all processes, removes the Oracle
Business Intelligence domain, removes Oracle TimesTen (if installed), and
deinstalls all software.
4.4 Existing Business Intelligence Installations: Registering a Primary
Business Intelligence Software Installation on an Exalytics Domain
If you are an existing Exalytics customer and have manually installed the software
prior to the availability of the Exalytics Domain Management Utility, you can register
any existing software installations by using the Exalytics Domain Management Utility.
After you register an existing installation you can use the utility to manage the
installation. See Section 4.3.5, "Managing Exalytics Domains."
To register an existing software installation, you must have Release 1 Patchset 4 (Base
Image 1.0.0.6) installed on the Exalytics Machine.
Before you can register an existing installation, ensure that
you are running Oracle Business Intelligence 11.1.1.7.x.
Note:
When you run the Exalytics Domain Management Utility to list the domains on the
Exalytics Machine, the registered installation is displayed as "Primary node
(Registered Exalytics Domain)".
To register existing software installations on an Exalytics domain:
1.
Log in to the Exalytics Machine as the user "oracle" or as the new user you created.
See Section 4.3.3.1, "Creating a Password on the Operating System."
2.
To register an existing installation, enter the following command:
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/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-domain-management.sh --action=register_
existing_domain --input=<location and name of the input file>
--domain=<new_domain_name>
For example, to register an existing installation as menlo2, enter the following
command:
/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-domain-management.sh --action=register_
existing_domain --input=/home/oracle/Installers/input.properties
--domain=menlo2
3.
When prompted by the utility, perform the following actions:
a.
Enter the location of the following existing directories:
Middleware Home
For example:
/u01/app/oracle/product/fmw
Oracle BI Home
For example:
/u01/app/oracle/product/fmw/Oracle_BI1
WebLogic Domain
For example:
/u01/app/oracle/product/fmw/user_projects/domains/bifoundation_
domain
Oracle BI Instance
For example:
/u01/app/oracle/product/fmw/instances/instance1
b.
Is TimesTen installed on the domain? Please enter [1-2].
If you select 1 (Yes), enter the existing TimesTen instance name and the
existing TimesTen installation directory location.
c.
Enter the user name and password for the Oracle WebLogic Server
administrator.
d.
Choose whether you want to restart the domain.
If you choose "Yes" to restart the domain, the utility stops and restarts all the
processes on the new domain and registers the installation on the new
domain.
4.
To verify that the existing installation is listed as a domain, enter the following
command:
/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-domain-management.sh --action=list_domains
--input=/home/oracle/input.properties
The report displays the existing installation as a registered exalytics domain on the
Exalytics Machine. The output looks similar to the following:
============================================================
Exalytics Domain: menlo2
============================================================
Node type: Primary node (Registered Exalytics Domain)
Provisioning status: Completed
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4-31
Installing and Configuring Oracle BI Applications 11.1.1.8.1 on an Exalytics Machine
Middleware Home: /u01/app/oracle/product/fmw
BI Instance Home: /u01/app/oracle/product/fmw/instances/instance1
------------------| Application URLs |
------------------Oracle Enterprise Manager: http://<server-name>:7001/em
Oracle WebLogic Admin Console: http://<server-name>:7001/console
Oracle Business Intelligence: http://<server-name>:9704/analytics
Oracle BI Publisher : http://<server-name>:9704/xmlpserver
-----------| WebLogic |
-----------Domain Home: /u01/app/oracle/product/fmw/user_projects/domains/bifoundation_
domain
Admin Server Host: <server-name>
Admin Server Port: 7001
BI Managed Server Host: <server-name>
BI Managed Server Port: 9704
-----------| TimesTen |
-----------TimesTen enabled: Yes
Timesten Instance Name: tt1122
Instance Directory: /u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen/tt1122
Timesten Daemon Port: 53396
Timesten Server Port: 53397
Found 1 domain(s) in total
4.5 Installing and Configuring Oracle BI Applications 11.1.1.8.1 on an
Exalytics Machine
After performing a Software Only install of Oracle Business Intelligence, you can
install Oracle BI Applications 11.1.1.8.1.
To install and configure Oracle BI Applications on an Exalytics Machine:
1.
Install Oracle Business Intelligence. See Section 4.3.3, "Installing the Software by
Using the Exalytics Domain Management Utility."
When creating an Exalytics domain, you must choose to install
and configure Oracle Essbase suite. See Step 3 (f) in Section 4.3.3.7,
"Creating an Exalytics Domain."
Note:
2.
Review the hardware requirements for installing Oracle BI Applications. See
"Section 3.1 Hardware Requirements" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide
for Oracle Business Intelligence Applications.
3.
Install Oracle Data Integrator (ODI). See "Section 3.2 Installing Prerequisites for
Oracle BI Applications" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle
Business Intelligence Applications.
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Installing and Configuring Oracle BI Applications 11.1.1.8.1 on an Exalytics Machine
You must install ODI into the same inventory directory that
you installed Oracle BI EE. To do this, run the ODI installer with the
following command:
Note:
./runInstaller –jreLoc <jdk location> -invPtrLoc
u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/provision/execute/<domain
name>/oraInst.loc
The other prerequisites, Oracle WebLogic Server 10.3.6, JDK or JRockit, and Oracle
BI EE are installed and configured by the Exalytics Domain Management Utility
when the utility creates an Exalytics domain.
4.
Install and configure BI Applications 11.1.1.8.1. See "Section 3.3 Installing and
Configuring Oracle BI Applications" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide
for Oracle Business Intelligence Applications.
You must install Oracle BI Applications into the same
inventory directory that you installed Oracle BI EE. To do this, run the
BI Applications installer with the following command:
Note:
./runInstaller –jreLoc <jdk location> -invPtrLoc
u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/provision/execute/<domain
name>/oraInst.loc
One of the tasks you perform when installing and configuring BI Applications, is
to apply platform patches. Follow the instructions in "Section 3.3.4 Applying
Platform Patches" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle Business
Intelligence Applications, but after downloading and extracting the zip files into a
single directory, for example PATCH_HOME/patches, perform the following
additional steps:
a.
Remove the WebLogic folder and its contents to a location outside the
PATCH_HOME/patches directory.
The PATCH_HOME/patches directory should only contain the
biappsshiphome, odi, and oracle_common folders.
b.
Before applying the platform patches as described in "Section 3.3.4 Applying
Platform Patches" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle
Business Intelligence Applications, stop all services by using the Exalytics
Domain Management Utility. See Section 4.3.5.1, "Starting and Stopping an
Exalytics Domain."
c.
After applying the patches, restart all services by using the Exalytics Domain
Management Utility. See Section 4.3.5.1, "Starting and Stopping an Exalytics
Domain."
You do not need to perform step "3.3.5 Configuring Oracle
Business Intelligence" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for
Oracle Business Intelligence Applications because the Oracle Business
Intelligence domain is created by the Exalytics Domain Management
Utility.
Note:
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4-33
Installing Oracle Enterprise Performance Management Applications
5.
Perform post-installation tasks for installing Oracle BI Applications. See "Section
3.4 Performing Post-Installation System Set Up Tasks" in Oracle Fusion Middleware
Installation Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence Applications.
For more information, see "Chapter 3 Installing and Setting Up Oracle BI Applications"
in Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence Applications.
4.6 Installing Oracle Enterprise Performance Management Applications
To install Oracle Enterprise Performance Management applications (Oracle Hyperion
Planning) refer to the "Oracle Enterprise Performance Management System"
documentation, the link to which is available from the Oracle Exalytics Documentation
Library.
4.7 Installing Oracle Endeca
To install Oracle Endeca, refer to the "Oracle Endeca Information Discovery"
documentation, the link to which is available from the Oracle Exalytics Documentation
Library.
4.8 Installing Oracle Database In-Memory for Oracle Exalytics
Oracle Database In-Memory can be installed and configured on all Exalytics Machines
running Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 4 (Base Image 1.0.0.6) or later, and used for
all analytics use cases. Oracle Database In-Memory is easily deployed under any
existing application that is compatible with Oracle Database 12c. No application
changes are required.
You can also use Oracle Database In-Memory to create Enterprise Performance
Management (EPM) repository and create Metadata Services (MDS) and Business
Intelligence Platform (BIPLATFORM) database schemas using the Repository Creation
Utility (RCU).
This section consists of the following topics:
■
Section 4.8.1, "Supported Oracle Database In-Memory Configurations"
■
Section 4.8.2, "Supported Oracle Database In-Memory Use Cases"
■
Section 4.8.3, "Installing and Configuring Oracle Database In-Memory for Oracle
Exalytics"
4.8.1 Supported Oracle Database In-Memory Configurations
The following Oracle Database In-Memory configurations are certified to run on
Oracle Exalytics:
■
■
■
■
■
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64 bit Production with
In-Memory Option.
Database type of DATA_WAREHOUSE.
Data warehouse applications. Online Transaction Processing (OLTP) applications
are not supported.
Storage Option of File System. Oracle Automatic Storage Management (ASM) is
not supported.
Single Instance of Oracle Database with In-Memory Option. Oracle Real
Application Cluster (RAC) and Oracle Grid Infrastructure are not supported.
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Installing Oracle Database In-Memory for Oracle Exalytics
4.8.2 Supported Oracle Database In-Memory Use Cases
The following use cases are supported on Oracle Database In-Memory on Oracle
Exalytics:
■
Section 4.8.2.1, "Query Performance Acceleration Using Aggregates"
■
Section 4.8.2.2, "Query Performance Acceleration Using Datamart"
■
Section 4.8.2.3, "Query Performance Acceleration Using Operational Data Store
(ODS)"
4.8.2.1 Query Performance Acceleration Using Aggregates
You can use the following aggregates to accelerate your queries:
■
■
OBIEE Generated or Managed Aggregates
–
You can use Summary Advisor to analyze the Business Intelligence workload
and generate recommendations.
–
You can use Aggregate Persistence Wizard to define aggregates on a logical
model in the RPD file.
–
You can execute the aggregate script (recommended by Summary Advisor or
manually defined aggregates) using Oracle Database In-Memory on Oracle
Exalytics as target.
Database Aggregates
You can populate your aggregates by defining and coding your aggregates using
any Extract, Transform, Load (ETL) or Extract, Load, Transform (ELT) tools
certified on Oracle Database In-Memory. To do so, wire the aggregate tables
manually in the RPD file to leverage BI Server aggregate navigation.
4.8.2.2 Query Performance Acceleration Using Datamart
You can choose the entire Data warehouse reporting tables or a subset of the reporting
tables in Oracle Database In-Memory on Exalytics. To do so, build (code) the data
using any Extract, Transform, Load (ETL) or Extract, Load, Transform (ELT) tools
certified on Oracle Database In-Memory.
4.8.2.3 Query Performance Acceleration Using Operational Data Store (ODS)
You can use Logical Standby or use GoldenGate to replicate data from your Online
Transaction Processing (OLTP) database and use the database for Operational
reporting.
4.8.3 Installing and Configuring Oracle Database In-Memory for Oracle Exalytics
Oracle recommends a maximum size of 830 GB for an Oracle Database installed on an
X2-4 Exalytics Machine with 1 TB of RAM, and a maximum size of 1 TB for an Oracle
Database installed on an X3-4 or X4-4 Exalytics Machine with 2 TB of RAM.
The following procedure assumes installing an Oracle
Database In-Memory of 830 GB on an X2-4 Exalytics Machine with 1
TB of RAM.
Note:
This section consists of the following topics:
■
Section 4.8.3.1, "Verifying and Setting Minimum kernel Parameters"
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4-35
Installing Oracle Database In-Memory for Oracle Exalytics
■
Section 4.8.3.2, "Installing Oracle Database In-Memory"
■
Section 4.8.3.3, "Postinstallation Tasks"
4.8.3.1 Verifying and Setting Minimum kernel Parameters
Before you install Oracle Database In-Memory for Exalytics, verify that the kernel
parameters shown in Table 4–1 are set to values greater than or equal to the minimum
values shown.
If the current value of any parameter is higher than the value
shown in Table 4–1, then do not change the value of that parameter.
Note:
Table 4–1
Minimum kernel Parameter Values
kernel parameters
Minimum Values
File
semms1
250
/proc/sys/kernel/sem
semmns
32000
/proc/sys/kernel/sem
semopm
100
/proc/sys/kernel/sem
semmni
128
/proc/sys/kernel/sem
shmall
2097152
/proc/sys/kernel/shmall
shmmax
Minimum: 536870912
/proc/sys/kernel/shmmax
Maximum: A value that is 1byte
less that the physical memory.
Recommended: More than half the
physical memory.
See My Oracle Support Note
567506.1 for additional information
about configuring shmmax.
shmmni
4096
/proc/sys/kernel/shmmni
file-max
6815744
/proc/sys/fs/file-max
ip_local_port range
Minimum: 9000
/proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_local_
Maximum: 65500
port_range
rmem_default
262144
/proc/sys/net/core/rmem
rmem_max
4194304
/proc/sys/net/core/rmem_max
wmem_default
262144
/proc/sys/net/core/wmem_
default
wmem_max
1048576
/proc/sys/net/core/wmem_
max
aio-max-nr
1048576
/proc/sys/fs/aio-max-nr
If the kernel parameters are less than the minimum values shown in Table 4–1, you
must update the kernel parameters.
To update kernel parameters:
1.
Edit the /etc/sysctl.conf file to update the kernel parameters.
2.
After updating the kernel parameters, enter the following command to apply the
updated kernel values:
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# /sbin/sysctl -p
3.
Review the output from this command to verify that the updated kernel values are
correct.
4.8.3.2 Installing Oracle Database In-Memory
To install Oracle Database In-Memory:
1.
Navigate to https://edelivery.oracle.com.
2.
In the Select a Product Pack list, select Oracle Database.
3.
In the Platform list, select Linux x86-64.
4.
Click Go.
5.
Select Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1.0.2.0) Media Pack for Linux x86-64.
6.
Perform one of the following actions:
■
■
7.
For Microsoft Windows 64-bit operating system, download Oracle Database
12c Release 1 Client (12.1.0.2.0) for Microsoft Windows x64 (64-bit).
For Microsoft Windows 32-bit operating system, download Oracle Database
12c Release 1 Client (12.1.0.2.0) for Microsoft Windows (32-bit).
Download Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1.0.2.0) (Part 1 of 2) and Oracle
Database 12c Release 1 (12.1.0.2.0) (Part 2 of 2).
The zip files contains the following disks:
linuxamd64_12102_database_1of 2.zip
linuxamd64_12102_database_2of 2.zip
8.
Stage the Oracle database installer disks in /home/oracle/EXALYTICS_
INSTALLERS/12cdb/.
9.
Navigate to /home/oracle/EXALYTICS_INSTALLERS/12cdb/database/.
10. Enter the following command to start Oracle Universal Installer:
$ ./runInstaller
11. On the Configure Security Updates screen, perform the following tasks:
a.
In the Email field, enter your e-mail address, preferably your My Oracle
Support e-mail address and user name.
b.
Optional: Select I wish to receive security updates via My Oracle Support to
receive security updates. If you choose to receive security updates via My
Oracle Support, enter your My Oracle Support password in the My Oracle
Support Password field.
c.
Click Next.
12. On the Select Installation Option screen, select Create and configure a database,
then click Next.
13. On the System Class screen, select Server Class, then click Next.
14. On the Grid Installation Options screen, select Single instance database
installation, then click Next.
15. On the Select Install Type screen, select Advanced Installation, then click Next.
16. On the Select Product Languages screen, select a language, then click Next.
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4-37
Installing Oracle Database In-Memory for Oracle Exalytics
17. On the Select Database Edition screen, select Enterprise Edition (6.4 GB), then
click Next.
18. On the Specify Installation Location screen, perform the following tasks:
a.
In the Oracle base field, enter the location of where you want to install the
Oracle database.
b.
In the Software location field, enter the location of where you want to install
the Oracle database software files.
Oracle recommends you install the database and database
software files in the /u01 directory.
Note:
c.
Click Next.
19. On the Create Inventory screen, perform the following tasks:
a.
In the Inventory Directory field, specify the full path of the Oracle Inventory
directory.
b.
In the orainventory Group name list, select oinstall.
c.
Click Next.
20. On the Select Configuration Type screen, select Data Warehousing, then click
Next.
21. On the Specify Database Identifiers screen, perform the following actions:
a.
In the Global database name field, enter a unique global database name.
b.
Oracle system identifier (SID) field, enter a unique database identifier.
c.
Deselect Create as Container database.
d.
Click Next.
22. On the Specify Configuration Options screen, perform the following tasks:
a.
Select the Memory tab, and allocate memory to the database.
The memory allocated to the database cannot exceed the total
RAM memory of the Exalytics Machine.
Note:
■
For an X2-4 machine, total RAM memory is 1 TB.
■
For an X3-4 and X4-4 machine, total RAM memory is 2 TB.
b.
Select the Character sets tab, and then select Use Unicode (AL32UTF8).
c.
Select the Sample schemas tab, and then select Create database with sample
schemas.
d.
Click Next.
23. Optional: On the Specify Management Options screen, specify details of the Oracle
Enterprise Manager 12c Cloud Control configuration to manage your database,
then click Next.
24. On the Specify Recovery Options screen, perform the following tasks:
a.
Select Enable Recovery.
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b.
Select File System, and in the Recovery area location field, enter the location
from where you can, if needed, recover the database.
c.
Click Next.
25. On the Specify Schema Passwords screen, specify passwords for the schemas, and
then click Next.
You can choose to use different passwords for each account or
use a single password for all the accounts.
Note:
26. On the Privileged Operating System groups screen, select oinstall to grant system
privileges to the "oinstall" user group for each Operating System group, and then
select Next.
27. On the Perform Prerequisite Checks screen, confirm that all the prerequisite checks
are successful, then click Next.
28. On the Summary screen, review the information, then click Install.
The Install Product screen displays the progress of the database installation.
29. On the Install Product screen, when prompted, perform the following tasks:
a.
Execute the configuration scripts as a "root" user by following the directions
on the Execute Configuration scripts screen.
b.
Open the Database Configuration Assistant screen and verify the database
information. When the installation process is complete, make a note of the EM
Database Express URL.
If required, on the Database Configuration Assistant screen,
click Password Management to unlock any accounts.
Note:
c.
Click OK.
30. On the Finish screen, confirm that the installation of Oracle Database was
successful, then click Close.
For more information, see Oracle Database Quick Installation Guide 12c Release 1 (12.1) for
Linux x86-64 at the following location:
http://docs.oracle.com/database/121/LTDQI/toc.htm#CEGHFFGG
4.8.3.3 Postinstallation Tasks
Perform the following postinstallation tasks:
■
Section 4.8.3.3.1, "Setting Environment Variables"
■
Section 4.8.3.3.2, "Configuring Oracle Database In-Memory"
4.8.3.3.1 Setting Environment Variables You set the ORACLE_HOME and ORACLE_SID
environment variables.
To set ORACLE_HOME and ORACLE_SID environment variables:
1.
Log on as a root user.
2.
Enter the following commands to set ORACLE_HOME and ORACLE_SID
environment variables:
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4-39
Installing Oracle Database In-Memory for Oracle Exalytics
$ export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/<location of ORACLE_HOME>
$ export ORACLE_SID=<name of the unique system identifier>
4.8.3.3.2
topics:
Configuring Oracle Database In-Memory This section consists of the following
■
Section 4.8.3.3.3, "Checking INMEMORY_SIZE Parameter"
■
Section 4.8.3.3.4, "Setting the INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT Parameter"
■
Section 4.8.3.3.5, "Calculating and Setting the INMEMORY_SIZE Parameter"
4.8.3.3.3 Checking INMEMORY_SIZE Parameter Confirm the INMEMORY_SIZE parameter
is set to zero.
To check INMEMORY_SIZE parameter:
1.
Navigate to Oracle _HOME/ bin folder, by entering the following command:
$ cd $ORACLE_HOME/bin
2.
Connect to Oracle Database SQLPlus client as SYSDBA, by entering the following
command:
$ ./sqlplus sys/<password> AS SYSDBA
The following output is displayed:
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Mon Sep 1 17:56:50 2014
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing
options
SQL>
3.
Check the INMEMORY_SIZE parameter, by entering the following command:
SQL> show parameter INMEMORY_SIZE
The following parameter is displayed:
NAME
inmemory_size
TYPE
VALUE
big integer
0
4.8.3.3.4 Setting the INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT Parameter You set the IN_MEMORY_
CLAUSE_DEFAULT parameter so that any tables created subsequently are
automatically retained in memory.
To set the INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT parameter:
1.
Set the IN_MEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT parameter, by entering the following
command:
SQL> ALTER SYSTEM SET INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT = 'INMEMORY MEMCOMPRESS
FOR QUERY LOW PRIORITY HIGH' scope = BOTH
The following output is displayed:
System altered.
SQL>
4-40 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Installing Oracle Database In-Memory for Oracle Exalytics
2.
To enable the INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT parameter, you must shut down
and restart the database:
a.
To shutdown the database, enter the following command:
SQL> shutdown abort
The following output is displayed:
ORACLE instance shut down.
b.
To restart the database, enter the following command:
SQL> startup
The following output is displayed:
Total System Global Area 6.5445E+11 bytes
Fixed Size
7697568 bytes
Variable Size
2.1475E+10 bytes
Database Buffers
1.1704E+11 bytes
Redo Buffers
529170432 bytes
In-Memory Area
5.1540E+11 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL>
c.
Verify that the INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT parameter is set, by entering
the following command:
SQL> show parameter INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT;
The following output is displayed:
NAME
inmemory_clause_default
TYPE
string
VALUE
INMEMORY MEMCOMPRESS FOR QUERY
LOW PRIORITY HIGH
SQL>
4.8.3.3.5 Calculating and Setting the INMEMORY_SIZE Parameter Note that since the
INMEMORY_SIZE parameter is set to zero, Database In-Memory is not enabled. To
enable In-Memory option, you must set the INMEMORY_SIZE parameter.
You set up INMEMORY_SIZE parameter based on the size of the Oracle Database you
created (830 GB). Oracle recommends that INMEMORY_SIZE parameter not be greater
than 60% of the Oracle Database size.
When setting your INMEMORY_SIZE parameter, ensure that
the SGA_TARGET parameter is 110% of the INMEMORY_SIZE
parameter and the PGA_AGGREGATE parameter is 50% of the
INMEMORY_SIZE parameter.
Note:
For example, if you set the INMEMORY_SIZE parameter to 400 GB,
ensure that the SGA_TARGET parameter is 440 GB and the PGA_
AGGREGATE parameter is 200 GB.
Before setting the INMEMORY_SIZE parameter, check the SGA_TARGET and PGA_
AGGREGATE_TARGET size parameters, by entering the following commands:
SQL> show parameter SGA_TARGET;
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4-41
Installing Oracle Database In-Memory for Oracle Exalytics
SQL> show parameter PGA_AGGREGATE_TARGET;
Note the value of the SGA_TARGET parameter. The
INMEMORY_SIZE parameter cannot be greater than this value.
Note:
To set INMEMORY_SIZE parameter:
1.
To set the INMEMORY_SIZE parameter to 480 GB (60% of 830 GB), enter the
following command:
SQL> ALTER SYSTEM SET INMEMORY_SIZE = 480G SCOPE = SPFILE;
The following output is displayed:
System altered.
SQL>
2.
To enable the INMEMORY_SIZE parameter, you must stop and restart the Oracle
database.
a.
To stop the database, enter the following command:
SQL> shutdown abort;
The following output is displayed:
ORACLE instance shut down.
b.
To restart the database, enter the following command:
SQL> startup
The following output is displayed:
ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area 6.5445E+11 bytes
Fixed Size
7697568 bytes
Variable Size
2.1475E+10 bytes
Database Buffers
1.1704E+11 bytes
Redo Buffers
529170432 bytes
In-Memory Area
5.1540E+11 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL>
3.
To check the INMEMORY_SIZE setting, enter the following command:
SQL> show parameter INMEMORY_SIZE
The following output is displayed:
NAME
inmemory_size
TYPE
big integer
SQL>
4.
To check the In-Memory Area size, enter the following command:
SQL> select name , value from v$sga;
The following output is displayed:
4-42 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
VALUE
480G
Installing Oracle Database In-Memory for Oracle Exalytics
NAME
Fixed Size
Variable Size
Database Buffers
Redo Buffers
In-Memory Area
VALUE
7697568
2.1475E+10
1.1704E+11
529170432
5.1540E+11
SQL>
Installing Software on an Exalytics Machine
4-43
Installing Oracle Database In-Memory for Oracle Exalytics
4-44 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Part II
Part II
System Management
This part describes system management. It contains the following chapters:
■
Chapter 5, "System Management (Configuration, Diagnostics, and Monitoring)"
■
Chapter 7, "Deploying Oracle Exalytics for High Availability"
■
Chapter 8, "Backup and Recovery"
■
Chapter 9, "Disaster Recovery"
5
System Management (Configuration,
Diagnostics, and Monitoring)
5
This chapter provides high-level information for managing the Exalytics Machine by
performing system tasks such as configuration, diagnostics, and monitoring. See the
remaining chapters of this part for details on other system management tasks for the
Exalytics Machine, such as patching and backup and recovery.
[6]
The Exalytics Machine includes hardware and software for Oracle Business
Intelligence and for the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database. You manage these
pieces as follows:
■
■
■
Hardware — For information on managing the hardware, see Oracle Enterprise
Manager Ops Center User's Guide.
Oracle Business Intelligence — All the Oracle Business Intelligence components on
the Exalytics Machine are managed through the same mechanisms as described in
Oracle Fusion Middleware System Administrator's Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence
Enterprise Edition. For example, you use Fusion Middleware Control for
configuration, diagnostics, process control, and monitoring.
Oracle TimesTen — For information on managing Oracle TimesTen, see the
following guides:
–
Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide
–
Oracle Enterprise Manager System Monitoring Plug-in for Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database User's Guide for Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
System Management (Configuration, Diagnostics, and Monitoring)
5-1
5-2 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
6
Exalytics Capacity on Demand
6
[7This
]
chapter describes how to use the Exalytics Capacity on Demand Utility to
configure the number of active core processors on the Exalytics Machine.
Each Exalytics Machine by default is shipped with all core processors enabled.
Therefore, the X2-4 and X3-4 machines are shipped with 40 active core processors, and
the X4-4 machine is shipped with 60 active core processors.
Depending on the requirements of the applications that you run, you can use the
Exalytics Capacity on Demand Utility to configure the Oracle Exalytics operating
system to change the number of active core processors on each Exalytics Machine.
This chapter consists of the following sections:
■
Section 6.1, "Guidelines on Configuring the Number of Active Core Processors on
an Exalytics Machine"
■
Section 6.2, "Generating a Key File"
■
Section 6.3, "Configuring Active Core Processors on an Exalytics Machine"
6.1 Guidelines on Configuring the Number of Active Core Processors on
an Exalytics Machine
Before you use the Exalytics Capacity on Demand Utility to configure the number of
active core processors on an Exalytics Machine, keep the following guidelines in mind:
■
■
You can use the Exalytics Capacity on Demand Utility to configure active core
processors on a non-virtualized Exalytics Machine only. This utility is not available
on an Exalytics Machine configured for virtualization.
Each Exalytics Machine is shipped with all core processors enabled. Decide
carefully about initially decreasing the number of active core processors on the
Exalytics Machine. Once you decrease the number of active core processors on an
Exalytics Machine, you can only increase them and cannot decrease them further.
For example, if you initially decrease the number of active core processors on an
X4-4 Exalytics Machine from 60 to 20, you can then only increase the number of
active core processors and cannot decrease them further to 16, 12, or 8. Table 6–1
shows the configurations of active core processors on Exalytics Machines.
■
You can increase the number of active core processors in increments of four only.
Exalytics Capacity on Demand 6-1
Generating a Key File
Table 6–1
Configurations of Active Core Processors on Exalytics Machines
Minimum
Active Core
Processors
Maximum
Active Core
Processors
Number of Core
Processors You Can
Activate
Increase or Decrease
Active Core
Processors
Exalytics
In-Memory
Machine X2-4
8
40
8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32,
36, 40
Increase Only
Exalytics
In-Memory
Machine X3-4
8
40
8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32,
36, 40
Increase Only
Exalytics
In-Memory
Machine X4-4
8
60
8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32,
36, 40, 44, 48, 52, 60
Increase Only
System
6.2 Generating a Key File
Before you can configure or change the active core processors on an Exalytics Machine,
you must generate a key file. You generate a unique key file each time that you want to
change the number of core processors to active. To activate more core processors later,
you follow the same procedure to generate a unique key file.
To generate a key file:
1.
Retrieve the serial number of the Exalytics Machine by logging on to the ILOM
web interface and if not already selected, in the left pane, select Summary.
Make a note of the serial number. You need in Step 4.
2.
Log in to My Oracle Support at:
https://myoraclesupport.com
3.
Select the Settings tab, and then select Assets.
4.
Click the serial number of the Exalytics Machine.
The Assets Details screen for the serial number is displayed.
5.
For Core Configuration, click Manage Key.
The Manage Cores Configuration Key dialog box is displayed
6.
In the Cores Per Server list, select the number of core processors you want to
activate.
Initially, you can select to activate any number of core
processors that are less than the default active core processors. But
once you activate the number of core processors that you want, you
can only activate core processors greater than this amount. For
example, if you initially activate 20 core processors, you cannot later
activate core processors less than 20.
Note:
7.
Click Generate Key to generate the key.
The generated key enables you to configure only the number of active core
processors you selected in Step 6.
8.
Click Copy Key to Clipboard.
9.
Create a text file and paste in the key.
6-2 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Configuring Active Core Processors on an Exalytics Machine
10. Save the text file.
6.3 Configuring Active Core Processors on an Exalytics Machine
You use the key file that you generated to configure active core processors on an
Exalytics Machine.
To configure active core processors on an Exalytics Machine:
1.
Log in to the Exalytics Machine as root user.
2.
Navigate to /opt/exalytics/bin directory.
3.
From the /opt/exalytics/bin directory, enter the following command to configure
the number of active core processors:
# python /opt/exalytics/bin/update_cores.py
The following output is displayed:
Please enter the Exalytics Capacity on Demand License key file location (eg.
/tmp/file): /tmp/key_file
4.
Enter the location and name of the key file.
For example, if you named the key file key_20 and saved it in a tmp directory,
enter the following:
/tmp/key_20
5.
Restart the Exalytics Machine.
6.
Verify that the number of core processors you specified are active by entering the
following command as root user:
# echo $((`cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep processor | wc | cut -c 6-7` / 2))
For example, if you activated 36 core processors, the following is displayed
36
Exalytics Capacity on Demand 6-3
Configuring Active Core Processors on an Exalytics Machine
6-4 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
7
Deploying Oracle Exalytics for High Availability
7
[8This
]
chapter describes how to use the Exalytics Domain Management Utility to
horizontally scale out the Exalytics Machine for scalability (high-availability) and
performance (load balancing).
For additional details, see "Deploying Oracle Business Intelligence for High
Availability" in Oracle Fusion Middleware System Administrator's Guide for Oracle
Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition.
To use the manual steps to horizontally scale out the Exalytics
Machine, see Section A.5, "Deploying Oracle Exalytics for High
Availability."
Note:
The chapter includes the following sections:
■
Section 7.1, "Requirements for High Availability"
■
Section 7.2, "Diagram of High Availability"
■
Section 7.3, "Configuring for High Availability"
■
Section 7.4, "Troubleshooting the Highly Available Deployment"
7.1 Requirements for High Availability
The following are required for a high availability configuration:
■
■
■
Each computer has an independent instance of Oracle TimesTen.
Each computer has an odbc.ini file that contains a separate DSN for each instance
of Oracle TimesTen. Each Oracle TimesTen DSN uses the client/server mode of
connection.
A BI Server repository can point to one or more physical repositories, but one set
of aggregates exists per physical data source. Each physical data source has its
own connection pool.
7.2 Diagram of High Availability
Figure 7–1 shows a diagram of high availability for the Exalytics Machine. In certain
scenarios, the system might benefit from using Oracle HTTP Server in the web tier.
Deploying Oracle Exalytics for High Availability 7-1
Configuring for High Availability
Figure 7–1 HIgh-Availability for the Exalytics Machine
7.3 Configuring for High Availability
You use a combination of the Exalytics Domain Management Utility and manual steps
to scale-out an existing Oracle Business Intelligence domain.
This section contains the following topics:
■
Section 7.3.1, "Step 1: Preparing the First Exalytics Machine"
■
Section 7.3.2, "Step 2: Preparing the Second Exalytics Machine"
■
Section 7.3.3, "Step 3: Scaling Out the Existing BI Domain"
■
Section 7.3.4, "Step 4: Installing and Configuring Oracle TimesTen"
■
Section 7.3.5, "Step 5: Configuring Shared Storage for Persistent Stores"
■
Section 7.3.6, "Step 6: Configuring the Front-End Load Balancer"
7.3.1 Step 1: Preparing the First Exalytics Machine
Install Oracle Exalytics on the first Exalytics Machine using the instructions that are
provided in Section 4.3, "Installing Business Intelligence Software on New
Deployments" of this guide before installing on the second Exalytics Machine.
7.3.2 Step 2: Preparing the Second Exalytics Machine
To prepare the second Exalytics Machine:
7-2 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Configuring for High Availability
1.
Confirm that Release 1 Patchset 5 is installed on the second Exalytics Machine.
2.
Create the user, as described in Section 4.3.3.1, "Creating a Password on the
Operating System."
3.
Create the inventory for Oracle TimesTen, as described in Section 4.3.3.2,
"Optional: Creating the Inventory for Oracle TimesTen."
4.
Download the files into an installers directory, as described in Section 4.3.3.4,
"Downloading the Oracle Installation Files into a Staging Directory Structure."
5.
Create an input properties file, as described in Section 4.3.3.5, "Creating an Input
Properties File."
7.3.3 Step 3: Scaling Out the Existing BI Domain
You scale out the existing Oracle Business Intelligence domain by running the
Exalytics Domain Management Utility.
The Exalytics Domain Management Utility only scales out and
configures Oracle Business Intelligence. If you want to scale out and
configure Oracle TimesTen, then install it manually on the second
Exalytics Machine. See Section 7.3.4, "Step 4: Installing and
Configuring Oracle TimesTen."
Note:
To scale out an Oracle Business Intelligence domain:
1.
Verify that all processes are running on the existing domain. See Section 4.3.5.2,
"Viewing Status of an Exalytics Domain."
Make a note of the AdminServer port number. You need to enter the port number
later when prompted by the Exalytics Domain Management Utility.
2.
Log in to the second Exalytics Machine as the user that you created in Step 2 of
Section 7.3.2, "Step 2: Preparing the Second Exalytics Machine."
3.
To scale out an Oracle Business Intelligence domain, enter the following
command:
/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-domain-management.sh --action=scaleout_
domain --input=<location and name of the input file> --domain=<domain_
name on the first Exalytics Machine>
For example, to scale out domain "menlo" from the first Exalytics Machine, enter
the following command:
/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-domain-management.sh --action=scaleout_
domain --input=/home/oracle/Installers/input.properties --domain=menlo
4.
When prompted by the Exalytics Domain Management Utility, perform the
following tasks:
■
Enter the user name and password for the Oracle WebLogic Server
administrator.
■
Enter the AdminServer host name.
■
Enter the AdminServer port number.
The Exalytics Domain Management Utility performs the following actions on the
second Exalytics Machine:
Deploying Oracle Exalytics for High Availability 7-3
Configuring for High Availability
■
Installs Oracle WebLogic Server
■
Installs Oracle Business Intelligence
■
Creates an Oracle Instance
■
Scales out the Managed Server
■
Scales out the existing BI domain
After the installation completes, a message is displayed that you can successfully
connect to the scaled-out domain. The output looks similar to the following:
[LOGMSG] [11-13-13 00:54:31] [INFO] [menlo] [scaleout_domain] Success
connecting to <server-name_on_scaled_out_domain> on port: 12003
5.
To verify that the scaled out domain is listed on the second Exalytics Machine,
enter the following command on the second Exalytics Machine:
/opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-domain-management.sh --action=list_domains
--input=/home/oracle/input.properties
The report displays the scaled out domain on the second Exalytics Machine. The
Node type is displayed as "Scaled out node". The output should look similar to the
following:
============================================================
Domain: menlo
============================================================
Node type: Scaled out node
Provisioning status: Completed
Middleware Home: /u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/exalyticsdomains/menlo/fmw
BI Instance Home:
/u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/exalyticsdomains/menlo/instances/instance1
------------------| Application URLs |
------------------Oracle Enterprise Manager: http://<server-name>:12000/em
Oracle WebLogic Admin Console: http://<server-name>:12000/console
Oracle Business Intelligence: http://<server-name_on_scaled_out_
domain>:12001/analytics
Oracle BI Publisher : http://<server-name_on_scaled_out_
domain>:12001/xmlpserver
-----------| WebLogic |
-----------Domain Home: /u01/app/oracle/product/exalytics/exalyticsdomains/menlo/user_
projects/domains/bifoundation_domain
Admin Server Host: <server-name>
Admin Server Port: 12000
BI Managed Server Host: <server-name_on_scaled_out_domain>
BI Managed Server Port: 12001
-----------| TimesTen |
-----------TimesTen enabled: No
Found 1 domain(s) in total
7.3.4 Step 4: Installing and Configuring Oracle TimesTen
To install and configure Oracle TimesTen:
7-4 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Configuring for High Availability
1.
Enter the following commands:
cd /home/oracle/EXALYTICS_INSTALLERS/tt
>./setup.sh
instance name tt1122 [default chosen]
install client/server and data manager [default chosen]
specify particular location for install [3]
enter location [custom location chosen /u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen]
create daemon home - [default chosen]
daemon logs - [default chosen]
accept default port no - 53396
restrict access to TT to group oracle? - Yes
enable PL/SQL - yes [default chosen]
TNS_ADMIN – not chosen during install.
port for TT server - 53397
quickstart and doc - no [default chosen]
doc without quickstart - yes [default chosen] - location default
TT replication with clusterware - no - [default chosen]
2.
Run the daemon configuration scripts for Oracle TimesTen as root, as described in
Section 4.3.4.4, "Running the Daemon Configuration Scripts for Oracle TimesTen."
3.
On the first Exalytics Machine, configure the BI Server to communicate with either
instance of Oracle TimesTen by creating two DSNs for Oracle TimesTen, as
described in Section 4.3.4.7, "Configuring the ODBC Connection from Oracle
Business Intelligence to Oracle TimesTen."
4.
On the second Exalytics Machine, perform the same procedure as in the previous
step to create DSNs for Oracle TimesTen to configure the connectivity from the
second BI Server to either instance of Oracle TimesTen.
5.
Update the opmn.xml file on the second Exalytics Machine to point to the driver
location for ODBC for Oracle TimesTen by editing the following "variable"
elements. The edited text is shown in bold.
<variable id="LD_LIBRARY_PATH" value="$ORACLE_
HOME/common/ODBC/Merant/5.3/lib$:$ORACLE_HOME/bifoundation/server/bin$:$ORACLE_
HOME/bifoundation/web/bin$:$ORACLE_
HOME/clients/epm/Essbase/EssbaseRTC/bin$:$ORACLE_
HOME/bifoundation/odbc/lib$:$ORACLE_INSTANCE$:$ORACLE_
HOME/lib:/u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen/tt1122/lib" append="true"/>
<variable id="TIMESTEN_DLL"
value="/u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen/tt1122/lib/libttclient.so"/>
The opmn.xml file is in the following directory:
/u01/app/oracle/product/fmw/instances/instance2/config/OPMN
6.
Stop and start the Notification Server (OPMN).
a.
Go to the following directory that contains the OPMN command-line tool:
/u01/app/oracle/product/fmw/instances/instance2/bin
b.
Run the following command:
./opmnctl stopall
Stops OPMN and all Oracle Business Intelligence system components.
c.
Go to the following directory that contains the OPMN command-line tool:
/u01/app/oracle/product/fmw/instances/instance2/bin
d.
Run the following command:
Deploying Oracle Exalytics for High Availability 7-5
Configuring for High Availability
./opmnctl startall
Starts OPMN and all Oracle Business Intelligence system components.
For more information, see "Using the OPMN Command Line to Start, Stop,
Restart, and View the Status of System Components" in Oracle Fusion
Middleware System Administrator's Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence
Enterprise Edition.
7.
Validate that you can use a client/server DSN for Oracle TimesTen from the first
Exalytics Machine by entering the following commands:
cd $ORACLE_INSTANCE/bifoundation/OracleBIApplication/coreapplication/setup/
. ./bi-init.sh (bash shell)
cd Times-Ten-root-dir/tt1122/bin
./ttisqlcs –connstr "uid=oracle;pwd=welcome1;dsn=bim_tt1";
These commands use the SQL client for Oracle TimesTen to connect to the Oracle
TimesTen server on the first Exalytics Machine and validate that the BI Server can
communicate with Oracle TimesTen.
8.
Repeat the previous step for the client/server DSN for Oracle TimesTen from the
second Exalytics Machine.
7.3.5 Step 5: Configuring Shared Storage for Persistent Stores
As part of the process of configuring the Exalytics Machine, you must configure
various persistent stores to be located on a shared directory location such as a NAS
(network attached storage). The following list outlines those stores and includes link
for information on configuring them:
■
Repository for the Oracle BI Server. Specify a shared RPD publishing directory in
Fusion Middleware Control to propagate online repository changes in a cluster.
The master BI Server copies its local repository to this directory when online
changes are made. When slave BI Servers start, if the version in the publishing
directory is newer, then each slave server copies the version in the shared directory
to its local disk.
For information, see "Using Fusion Middleware Control to Upload a Repository
and Set the Oracle BI Presentation Catalog Location" in Oracle Fusion Middleware
System Administrator's Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition.
■
Oracle BI Presentation Catalog. Each Oracle BI Presentation Services instance
loads the catalog from the catalog location that is specified in Fusion Middleware
Control. Copy any existing catalogs to shared storage before reconfiguring this
location to shared storage.
For information, see "Using Fusion Middleware Control to Upload a Repository
and Set the Oracle BI Presentation Catalog Location" in Oracle Fusion Middleware
System Administrator's Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition.
■
Global cache. The global cache resides on a shared file system and stores purging
events, seeding events (which are often generated by agents), and results sets that
are associated with seeding events. Each BI Server maintains its own local query
cache for regular queries. The query cache for the BI Server continues to be located
on the local node.
For information, see "Using Fusion Middleware Control to Set Global Cache
Parameters" in Oracle Fusion Middleware System Administrator's Guide for Oracle
Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition.
7-6 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Troubleshooting the Highly Available Deployment
7.3.6 Step 6: Configuring the Front-End Load Balancer
Configure a front-end load balancer, which is properly configured with the Oracle
WebLogic Server Cluster Plug-in. For information, see "Configuring High Availability
for Oracle Business Intelligence and EPM" in Oracle Fusion Middleware High Availability
Guide.
7.4 Troubleshooting the Highly Available Deployment
This section contains solutions that are related to a highly available deployment:
■
Section 7.4.1, "Connection Issues with the Oracle BI Server and Oracle TimesTen"
■
Section 7.4.2, "Client Installer Cannot Locate the Driver for Oracle TimesTen"
■
■
Section 7.4.3, "Oracle BI Server Does Not Fail Over to the Instance of Oracle
TimesTen"
Section 7.4.4, "Aggregates Are Not Present in Second Instance"
7.4.1 Connection Issues with the Oracle BI Server and Oracle TimesTen
You might find that the BI Server cannot connect to Oracle TimesTen on either the first
or the second node. To resolve this issue, check the following:
■
Verify that the DSNs for Oracle TimesTen are configured correctly in the odbc.ini
and opmn.xml files, as described in the following list:
–
The odbc.ini file in the ORACLE_
INSTANCE/bifoundation/OracleBIApplication/coreapplication/setup
directory has the proper DSNs defined to connect to both instances of Oracle
TimesTen, as described in Section 4.3.4.7, "Configuring the ODBC Connection
from Oracle Business Intelligence to Oracle TimesTen."
–
The opmn.xml file in the ORACLE_INSTANCE/config/OPMN/opmn/
directory has the LD_LIBRARY_PATH variable set correctly to point to the
shared library folder for Oracle TimesTen. The TIMESTEN_DLL variable must
also be defined correctly, as shown in the following example:
<variable id="TIMESTEN_DLL"
value="u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen/tt1122/lib/libttclient.so"/>
■
The BI Server must use the ODBC driver for Oracle TimesTen Version 3.5 for
connection.
During deployment of a repository, ensure that you use the ODBC driver for
Oracle TimesTen Version 3.5 for the database connection pool. Without the use of
this driver version, the BI Server cannot connect to Oracle TimesTen.
7.4.2 Client Installer Cannot Locate the Driver for Oracle TimesTen
After you use the Client Installer to install the Oracle BI Administration Tool on a
Windows computer, you might notice that the Administration Tool displays an error
message such as the following:
Unable to load Times Ten Driver ttclient.dll.
This error message indicates that you cannot use the ODBC drivers in Oracle TimesTen
to import metadata from a physical table source for Oracle TimesTen. To resolve this
issue, set the TIMESTEN_DLL environment variable to point explicitly to the driver
location for Oracle TimesTen, as shown in the following example:
Deploying Oracle Exalytics for High Availability 7-7
Troubleshooting the Highly Available Deployment
set TIMESTEN_DLL=C:\TimesTen\tt1122_32\bin\ttclient1122.dll
7.4.3 Oracle BI Server Does Not Fail Over to the Instance of Oracle TimesTen
If the BI Server does not fail over to the second Oracle TimesTen instance on the
scaled-out node, then ensure that the logical table source (LTS) for the repository has
mapped both the physical data sources for Oracle TimesTen. This mapping ensures
that at the logical table source level, a mapping exists to both instances of Oracle
TimesTen. If one instance of Oracle TimesTen is not available, then failover logic for the
BI Server at the DSN level tries to connect to the other instance of Oracle TimesTen.
7.4.4 Aggregates Are Not Present in Second Instance
You might notice that aggregates that were created on the first instance of Oracle
TimesTen are not available on the second instance of Oracle TimesTen. Keep in mind
that no automatic replication exists between the Oracle TimesTen instances in the
scaled-out deployment. The two instances are distinct and run on different computers
but have the same deployed data stores. If you create aggregates using SQL scripts
from Oracle BI Summary Advisor or the Aggregate Persistence Wizard on one instance
of Oracle TimesTen, then you must manually create the same aggregates on the second
instance of Oracle TimesTen. You must ensure that you keep the two instances of
Oracle TimesTen synchronized. For information, see "Life Cycle Use Cases for
Aggregate Persistence" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Metadata Repository Builder's Guide
for Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition.
7-8 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
8
Backup and Recovery
8
This chapter provides high-level information to perform backup and recovery on the
Exalytics Machine. Backup and recovery refers to the various strategies and
procedures involved in guarding against hardware failures and data loss and in
reconstructing data should loss occur.
[9]
On the Exalytics Machine, you perform backup and recovery both for Oracle Business
Intelligence and Oracle TimesTen, as described in the following list:
■
■
Backup and recovery for Oracle Business Intelligence is described in "Backup and
Recovery Recommendations for Oracle Business Intelligence" in Oracle Fusion
Middleware Administrator's Guide.
Backup and recovery for Oracle TimesTen is described in "Backing up and
restoring a database" in Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Installation Guide.
In addition, if data was updated since the last backup, then run the aggregate
scripts again after recovering the data. For information, see "Using Oracle BI
Summary Advisor to Identify Query Candidates for Aggregation" in Oracle Fusion
Middleware Metadata Repository Builder's Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence
Enterprise Edition.
Backup and Recovery
8-1
8-2 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
9
Disaster Recovery
9
[10This
]
chapter provides high-level information for configuring for disaster recovery on
the Exalytics Machine.
You can find information about disaster recovery in the following sources:
■
For Oracle Business Intelligence, see "Recommendations for Oracle Business
Intelligence" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Disaster Recovery Guide.
Note that disaster recovery of an Oracle Business Intelligence deployment on an
Exalytics server to an Oracle Business Intelligence deployment on a non-Exalytics
server (IBM, Dell, and so on) is supported. When using rsync, a file
synchronization program to synchronize data between the two servers, ensure that
you exclude the NQSConfig.INI and the biee-domain.xml files. Table 9–1 shows
the configuration files you must exclude.
Table 9–1
Files to Exclude When Synchronizing Data
Configuration Files
$DOMAIN_HOME/user_projects/domains/bifoundation_
domain/config/fmwconfig/biee-domain.xml
instances/instance1/config/OracleBIServerComponent/coreapplication_
obis1/NQSConfig.INI
■
For Oracle TimesTen, you must carefully manage the way in which an Oracle BI
repository and aggregates are replicated from the main site to the disaster recovery
site. You must exactly mirror on the disaster recovery site system the sequence of
operations that you apply on the production system for the repository and
aggregates, in particular:
–
When a new repository is uploaded to the production system, then the same
repository must be uploaded on the disaster recovery site system.
–
When aggregate scripts are run against the production repository and
instances of Oracle TimesTen, then the same aggregate scripts must be run
against the disaster recovery site system.
For information, see "Using Oracle BI Summary Advisor to Identify Query
Candidates for Aggregation" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Metadata Repository
Builder's Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition.
Disaster Recovery 9-1
9-2 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
A
Manual Procedures for Installing and
Configuring Software on an Exalytics Machine
A
[1This
]
appendix describes how to manually install, deinstall, and configure software on
the Exalytics Machine.
This appendix consists of the following sections:
■
Section A.1, "Documents to Review"
■
Section A.2, "Installing Software on Exalytics Machine"
■
Section A.3, "Postinstallation Instructions"
■
Section A.4, "Deinstalling Software on the Exalytics Machine"
■
Section A.5, "Deploying Oracle Exalytics for High Availability"
A.1 Documents to Review
As you prepare to install software on the Exalytics Machine, do the following:
■
■
■
■
■
Review the Oracle Business Intelligence chapter in the Oracle Fusion Middleware
Release Notes, to ensure that you understand the differences between Oracle
Business Intelligence and its documented functionality, and any other issues that
apply to the current release.
Review the latest Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Release Notes for Linux for any
late-breaking information.
Review the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Release Notes to ensure that you
understand the differences between Oracle TimesTen and its documented
functionality, and any other issues that apply to the current release.
Review Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Owner's Guide to ensure that you have
properly configured and commissioned the Exalytics Machine in your data center.
Review Chapter 1, "Installation Overview" to ensure that you understand the
options and architecture related to installing software on the Exalytics Machine.
A.2 Installing Software on Exalytics Machine
This section consists of the following topics:
■
Section A.2.1, "Prerequisites for Installing Software on the Exalytics Machine"
■
Section A.2.2, "Verifying Configuration of the Exalytics Machine"
■
Section A.2.3, "Installing the Software"
Manual Procedures for Installing and Configuring Software on an Exalytics Machine
A-1
Installing Software on Exalytics Machine
■
Section A.2.4, "Troubleshooting the Installation and Configuration Processes"
A.2.1 Prerequisites for Installing Software on the Exalytics Machine
The following prerequisites must be met before installing Oracle Business Intelligence
on the Exalytics Machine:
■
The Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 version of the Oracle Exalytics Base
Image (1.0.0.7) is running on the Exalytics Machine.
■
The Exalytics Machine has been racked and mounted in a data center.
■
The Exalytics Machine is configured with the base operating system at the factory.
If you need assistance, then Oracle provides Advanced Customer Services for
installing software on the Exalytics Machine.
■
■
Network configuration is complete and the computer is accessible from the
network.
A supported database is available (but not on Oracle Exalytics) and accessible
from the Exalytics Machine to host the schemas that are required by the software
installation and that you create as part of the installation process. Ensure that the
database is running during the installation and that the database is not hardened
for security purposes. Installing Oracle Business Intelligence against a hardened
database is not supported.
For information about hardened databases, see Oracle Database Vault
Administrator's Guide.
■
You have access to the internet from a computer (not necessarily the Exalytics
Machine) to download required packages.
A.2.2 Verifying Configuration of the Exalytics Machine
Before you install software on the Exalytics Machine, you must run configuration
scripts to verify the software and network configurations of the Exalytics Machine.
This section consists of the following topics:
■
Section A.2.2.1, "Verifying Exalytics Software and Storage Configurations"
■
Section A.2.2.2, "Verifying Exalytics Image Information"
A.2.2.1 Verifying Exalytics Software and Storage Configurations
You run the exalytics_CheckSWProfile script to verify the current Exalytics software
and storage configurations.
To verify Exalytics software and storage configurations:
1.
Log on to the Exalytics Machine.
2.
Navigate to the /opt/exalytics/bin directory.
3.
Enter the following command:
./exalytics_CheckSWProfile
4.
Verify that the output displayed is similar to the following:
[SUCCESS].......Has supported operating system
[SUCCESS]........Has supported processor
[SUCCESS]........Kernel is at the supported version
[SUCCESS]........Has supported kernel architecture
A-2 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Installing Software on Exalytics Machine
[SUCCESS]........Software is at the supported profile
A.2.2.2 Verifying Exalytics Image Information
You run the exalytics_imageinfo script to verify the current Exalytics image and
version details.
To verify the Exalytics image information:
1.
Log on the Exalytics Machine as a root user.
2.
Navigate to the /opt/exalytics/bin directory.
3.
Enter the following command:
./exalytics_imageinfo
4.
Verify that the output displayed is similar to the following:
Image version
: 1.0.0.7.0
Creation timestamp : DAY-DD-MM-YYYY HR:MIN:SEC -0800
Kernel version: 2.3.39-400.128.17.el5uek
RPM versions:
kernel-uek-2.6.39-400.128.17.el5uek
kernel-2.6.18-308.24.1.0.1.el5
exalytics-container-bm-1.0.0.7-2
exalytics-scripts-1.0.0.7-18
exalytics-flash-1.0.0.7-11
exalytics-domain-configure-1.0.0.7-4
exalytics-deps-exact-1.0.0.7-2
exalytics-deps-minimum-1.0.0.7-2
Even though the build numbers may be different than the ones
listed above, ensure that the updated kernel version is the same as the
one displayed above.
Note:
A.2.3 Installing the Software
Installing software on the Exalytics Machine involves a combination of manual steps
and automated scripts. The manual steps are to install Oracle WebLogic Server and
Oracle BI EE while the installation script provides an automated way of installing
Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database and configuring communication with Oracle BI
EE (a Software-Only Installation).
For information on installing Oracle Business Intelligence
11.1.1.6.x, see Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and
Administration Guide for Linux, Exalytics X2-4 Release 1 (1.0).
Note:
The steps in the process are:
■
Section A.2.3.1, "Creating the User, Group, and Password on the Operating
System"
■
Section A.2.3.2, "Creating the Inventory for Oracle TimesTen"
■
Section A.2.3.3, "Setting Resource Limits for Oracle TimesTen"
■
Section A.2.3.4, "Creating and Mounting a /u01 Partition"
■
Section A.2.3.5, "Downloading Oracle Files into the Directory Structure"
Manual Procedures for Installing and Configuring Software on an Exalytics Machine
A-3
Installing Software on Exalytics Machine
■
Section A.2.3.6, "Staging the Middleware Home"
■
Section A.2.3.7, "Creating the Database Schemas"
■
Section A.2.3.8, "Installing Oracle WebLogic Server"
■
Section A.2.3.9, "Performing a Software Only Install"
■
Section A.2.3.10, "Creating a New Oracle BI Enterprise Edition Instance"
■
Section A.2.3.11, "Editing the Properties File"
■
Section A.2.3.12, "Verifying the Checklist"
■
Section A.2.3.13, "Running the Installation Script"
■
Section A.2.3.14, "Verifying the Installation"
A.2.3.1 Creating the User, Group, and Password on the Operating System
On the operating system, create a user with a name such as "oracle" and an
appropriate password and a group with a name such as "oinstall". The following are
sample commands for creating this user and group:
groupadd oinstall
useradd -g oinstall oracle
The procedures throughout this section assume a user named "oracle" and a group
named "oinstall".
A.2.3.2 Creating the Inventory for Oracle TimesTen
Create the inventory for Oracle TimesTen after you log in as the root user by entering
the following commands:
mkdir
chmod
chgrp
touch
chmod
chgrp
/etc/TimesTen
770 /etc/TimesTen
oinstall /etc/TimesTen
/etc/TimesTen/instance_info
770 /etc/TimesTen/instance_info
oinstall /etc/TimesTen/instance_info
Ensure that the group who runs the script has write access to the /etc/TimesTen
directory.
A.2.3.3 Setting Resource Limits for Oracle TimesTen
To set the resource limits for Oracle TimesTen:
1.
Make the following changes to the /etc/security/limits.conf file:
*
*
*
*
*
*
2.
nofile 131072
nofile 131072
memlock unlimited
memlock unlimited
core unlimited
core unlimited
Make the following additions to the /etc/security/limits.conf file:
*
*
3.
hard
soft
hard
soft
hard
soft
hard nproc 131072
soft nproc 131072
Make the following shared memory kernel setting in the /etc/sysctl.conf file:
A-4 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Installing Software on Exalytics Machine
kernel.shmmax = 1099511627776
Use this kernel setting for an Exalytics Machine with 1TB of
RAM. Use a larger setting for an Exalytics Machine that contains more
than 1TB of RAM.
Note:
4.
Add the following shared memory kernel setting in the /etc/sysctl.conf file:
kernel.shmmni = 4096
5.
Add the following setting for semaphores in the /etc/sysctl.conf file:
kernel.sem = 2048 64000 256 64
6.
Reboot the machine or run the following command as the root user:
/sbin/sysctl -p
A.2.3.4 Creating and Mounting a /u01 Partition
Confirm if a /u01 partition exists on the hard disk.
■
■
If a /u01 partition exists, you can ignore this section.
If a /uo1 partition does not exists on the hard disk, then create and mount a /u01
partition on the machine by performing the following tasks:
Create the partition equal to the maximum space available on
the disk partition.
Note:
To create and mount a /u01 partition:
After logging in as the root user, configure the /u01 directory on the hard disk
using commands such as the following ones:
1.
Depending on the configuration of the Exalytics Machine, perform one of the
following actions:
a.
To create a partition on an X2-4 Exalytics Machine, enter the following
commands:
# parted /dev/sdb
(parted) mklabel msdos
(parted) mkpart
Primary/extended? Primary
File system type?
[ext2]? ext4
Start? 0
End? 1797GB
(parted) quit
b.
To create a partition on an X3-4 Exalytics Machine, enter the following
commands:
# parted /dev/sdb
Manual Procedures for Installing and Configuring Software on an Exalytics Machine
A-5
Installing Software on Exalytics Machine
(parted) mklabel msdos
(parted) mkpart
Primary/extended? Primary
File system type?
[ext2]? ext4
Start? 0
End? 2697GB
(parted) quit
2.
To create logical volume, enter the following commands:
lvm pvcreate /dev/sdb1
lvm vgcreate VolGroup01 /dev/sdb1
lvcreate --name LogVol00 --size 2400G VolGroup01
3.
To create a file system, enter the following command:
mkfs.ext4 /dev/VolGroup01/LogVol00
4.
Add the following line to the /etc/fstab file:
/dev/VolGroup01/LogVol00/u01 ext4 defaults 0 0
5.
To create and mount a /u01 directory, enter the following commands:
# mkdir -p /u01
mount -a
6.
Restart the computer.
7.
Verify that the partition has been created by entering the following command:
df –lh
Check permissions for the "oracle" user. If you cannot write to
the /u01 directory, then enter the following commands to change
permissions:
Note:
chown oracle:oinstall /u01
chmod 775 /u01
A.2.3.5 Downloading Oracle Files into the Directory Structure
Before installing the software, you must download the required files into an organized
directory structure. Note that the directory structures detailed in Step 3 below and
Section A.2.3.6, "Staging the Middleware Home" are not mandatory, but is just an
example. You can choose any structure to organize the files.
You must reference the same chosen directory structure in the
properties files when editing the install script.
Note:
To download files into the directory structure:
1.
Log in as "oracle" user.
A-6 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Installing Software on Exalytics Machine
2.
Download the following required software installers from the Media Pack and
patches for Oracle Exalytics under Oracle Business Intelligence software for Linux
X86-64 on Oracle Software Delivery Cloud at the following location:
http://edelivery.oracle.com/
■
■
Oracle BI Enterprise Edition Release 11g
Repository Creation Utility that corresponds with the appropriate Oracle BI
EE Release
■
Oracle TimesTen Release 11g
■
Oracle WebLogic Server Release 10g
For information about downloading and applying the latest Oracle Exalytics
patch, see Chapter 2, "Applying Oracle Exalytics Release 1 Patchset 5 (1.0.0.5)."
3.
As the user who owns the installation of the Oracle Exalytics software, create a
directory structure such as the following for staging the software installation
programs, if the user name is "oracle" and the home directory is /home/oracle:
■
/home/oracle/EXALYTICS_RCU
Copy the rcuHome.zip file for the Repository Creation Utility (RCU) into this
directory and unzip it.
■
/home/oracle/EXALYTICS_INSTALLERS/bi
Copy the Oracle BI EE installation zip files into this directory and unzip them
using the following command. The -q parameter reduces the number of lines
of output that are sent to the console.
unzip -q '*.zip'
The unzip process creates a subdirectory called bishiphome that contains
subdirectories with names of Disk1 through Disk5.
■
/home/oracle/EXALYTICS_INSTALLERS/timesten
Copy the TimesTen for Exalytics distribution file into this directory and do not
unzip it. The file has an extension such as .zip or .tar.gz. The installation
scripts work with a file of either extension.
■
/home/oracle/EXALYTICS_INSTALLERS/weblogic
Obtain the zip file for Oracle WebLogic Server on 64-bit Linux and extract the
file with a name such as wls1036_linux64.bin into this directory. If the file is
not executable, then use a command such as the following to allow it to be
executed:
chmod +x wls1036_linux64.bin
■
/home/oracle/EXALYTICS_INSTALL_LOG
The installation scripts use this directory for storing the log files from the
installation. You use these log files for troubleshooting, as described in
Section A.2.4, "Troubleshooting the Installation and Configuration Processes."
■
/home/oracle/EXALYTICS_INSTALL_TEMP
The installation scripts use this directory for storing temporary files.
A.2.3.6 Staging the Middleware Home
Create a directory structure such as the following for staging the Middleware Home:
Manual Procedures for Installing and Configuring Software on an Exalytics Machine
A-7
Installing Software on Exalytics Machine
/u01/app/oracle/product/fmw
The installation scripts use this directory as the target directory for the Oracle BI EE
installation, which is known as the Middleware Home. In this guide, this directory is
referred to as EXALYTICS_MWHOME.
A.2.3.7 Creating the Database Schemas
Follow the instructions in the "Create Database Schemas Using the Repository
Creation Utility (RCU)" section in Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle
Business Intelligence.
You must first create required Oracle Business Intelligence schemas in a database (note
that the database must not be hardened). You use a tool called the Repository Creation
Utility (RCU) to create these schemas with the appropriate permissions and data.
Before you begin using RCU, review the "Repository Creation Utility (RCU)
Requirements" section in the Oracle Fusion Middleware System Requirements
document:
http://docs.oracle.com/html/E18558_01/fusion_requirements.htm
This section contains important information about your system and
component-specific database requirements that should be met before you run RCU.
Ensure that you record the following details, because you use them later in the
installation process:
■
The database connection details in the following form:
host-name:port-number:service-name
■
The names and passwords of the schemas that you create, which have names such
as prefix_BIPLATFORM and prefix_MDS.
A.2.3.8 Installing Oracle WebLogic Server
If not already installed, install Oracle WebLogic Server.
To install Oracle WebLogic Server
1.
Navigate to the directory where you downloaded the Oracle WebLogic Server zip
file (/home/oracle/EXALYTICS_INSTALLERS/wls.)
2.
If the file is not executable, run the following command:
chmod +x wls1036_linux64.bin
3.
On the Welcome screen, click Next.
The Choose Middleware Home Directory is displayed.
4.
Select Create a new Middleware Home and create a new Middleware home in the
/u01/app/oracle/product/fmw directory, and click Next.
The Register for Security Updates screen is displayed.
5.
Specify whether you want to register for security updates, and click Next.
The Choose Install screen is displayed.
6.
Select Typical, and click Next.
The Choose Product Installation Directories screen is displayed.
7.
Specify the directories in which you want to install the products, and click Next.
The Installation Summary screen is displayed.
A-8 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Installing Software on Exalytics Machine
8.
Click Next.
The Status screen is displayed.
9.
When the installation is complete, click Next.
The Installation Complete screen is displayed.
10. If selected, deselect Run Quickstart, and then click Done.
For more information on installing Oracle WebLogic Server, including custom
installations, see Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle WebLogic Server.
A.2.3.9 Performing a Software Only Install
The Software Only Install type enables you to install Oracle Business Intelligence
software binary files in an Oracle home for later configuration.
To perform a Software Only Install:
1.
Navigate to the /home/oracle/EXALYTICS_INSTALLERS/bi/bishiphome/Disk1
directory.
2.
Start Oracle Business Intelligence 11g Installer by running the following command:
./runInstaller
The Specify Inventory directory screen is displayed.
3.
If this is your first Oracle installation, perform the following actions:
■
■
On the Specify Inventory directory screen, specify the location of the inventory
directory and the group whose members you want to grant access to the
inventory, and click OK.
Navigate to the location of the inventory directory specified in the previous
step (Step 3, first sub-step) and enter the following command as root user:
/createCentralInventory.sh
Click OK.
4.
On the Welcome screen, click Next.
5.
On the Software Updates screen, specify your My Oracle Support information and
software update preferences, and click Next.
6.
On the Select Installation Type screen, select Software Only Install, and click
Next.
7.
On the Prerequisite Checks screen, after the prerequisite checks conclude with no
errors, click Next.
8.
On the Specify Installation Location screen, in the Oracle Middleware Home field,
enter the path /u01/app/oracle/product/fmw for the Middleware home directory, and
click Next.
9.
On the Application Server screen, confirm that the application server installed is
Oracle WebLogic Server and click Next.
10. On the Security Updates screen, enter your My Oracle Support account
information, and then click Next.
11. On the Summary screen, Click Install.
12. On the Installation Progress screen, monitor the progress of your installation. To
stop the installation, click Cancel.
Manual Procedures for Installing and Configuring Software on an Exalytics Machine
A-9
Installing Software on Exalytics Machine
13. On the Installation Complete screen, click Finish to exit Oracle Business
Intelligence 11g Installer.
For more information, see "Software Only Install" in Oracle Fusion Middleware
Installation Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence.
A.2.3.10 Creating a New Oracle BI Enterprise Edition Instance
After completing the Software Only Install, you must create an Oracle BI EE instance
using the Configuration Assistant.
To create a new Oracle BI EE instance:
1.
Navigate to the EXALYTICS_MWHOME/Oracle_BI1/bin directory.
2.
Start the Oracle Business Intelligence Configuration Assistant by entering the
following command:
./config.sh
3.
On the Welcome screen, click Next.
4.
On the Prerequisite Checks screen, after the prerequisite checks conclude with no
errors, click Next.
5.
On the Create, Scale Out, or Extend BI System screen, select Create New BI
System, and then enter the following information:
■
■
The user name and password for the system administrator for the new Oracle
Business Intelligence system
The domain name for the new Oracle Business Intelligence system
Click Next.
6.
On the Specify Installation Location (Enterprise) screen, review the current
Middleware home and other key locations for the new installation, and click Next.
7.
On the Configure Components screen, all products (including Oracle Essbase) are
selected by default. Deselect Real-Time Decisions, and then click Next.
When you configure Oracle BI EE, Oracle BI Publisher is
configured automatically. If you want to install Oracle Essbase, then
you must select it now as it's not possible to install Oracle Essbase
later.
Note:
8.
On the BIPLATFORM and MDS Schema screens, specify the details of the database
schemas you previously created in Section A.2.3.7, "Creating the Database
Schemas".
9.
Click Next.
10. On the Configuration Ports screen, click Auto Port Configuration or Specify Ports
Using Configuration File.
If you select the latter option, you must specify a configuration file that contains
the custom port values for the Oracle Business Intelligence installation.
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The Oracle Business Intelligence Configuration Assistant
automatically assigns the Node Manager port (default is 9556), unless
you specify the Oracle Business Intelligence ports manually using a
configuration file such as staticports.ini.
Note:
Click Next.
11. On the Security Updates screen, enter your My Oracle Support account
information, and then click Next.
12. On the Summary screen, click Configure to start the configuration process.
13. On the Configuration Progress screen, confirm the configuration completes
successfully, and then click Next.
14. On the Complete screen, click Finish to exit the Oracle Business Intelligence
Configuration Assistant.
For more information, see "Configuring Oracle Business Intelligence with the Configuration
Assistant" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence.
A.2.3.11 Editing the Properties File
Edit carefully the properties file that contains values that the installation scripts use.
The file is named bim-setup.properties and is stored in the following directory:
/EXALYTICS_MWHOME/Oracle_BI1/bifoundation/exalytics/properties
Keep the following points in mind as you edit the file:
■
■
Ensure that you use proper spelling and capitalization in the lines of the file.
The file contains comments that provide details on how to edit the values to be
appropriate for your system.
The following is the contents of the properties file:
#########################################################
# BI Machine Properties
#########################################################
#########################################################
[Generic properties to be used across all the Oracle Products]
# [Generic properties to be used across all the Oracle Products]
#bim.tt.installer.root=The directory location where the timesten installer zips
are present
#bim.tt.install.dir=The directory location where the timesten needs to be
installed
#bim.tt.daemon.port=The daemon port for timesten,if value is not provided default
value of port is used as 53396. For multiple install of timesten this property is
mandatory. The port number specified should be a number between 1024 and 65527.
#bim.tt.server.port=The server port used to configure timesten,if value is not
provided default value of port is used as 53397. For multiple install of timesten
this property is mandatory. The port number specified should be a number between
1024 and 65527.
#bim.tt.instance.name=The instance name for timesten,if value is not provided
default value used is tt1122. For multiple install of timesten this property is
mandatory.
#########################################################
bim.tt.installer.root=/home/oracle/EXALYTICS_INSTALLERS/tt
bim.tt.install.dir=/u01/TT1
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bim.tt.daemon.port=53396
bim.tt.server.port=53397
bim.tt.instance.name=tt1122
#########################################################
[BI specific properties]
#bim.bi.host=The host name where BI is installed.
#bim.mw.home=This directory location BI Middleware home
#bim.bi.admin.user=The admin username of BI
#bim.bi.wls.admin.port=The port where AdminServer is running of BI
#########################################################
bim.bi.host=<hostname>
bim.mw.home=/u01/INSTANCE1
bim.bi.admin.user=biadmin
bim.bi.wls.admin.port=7001
A.2.3.12 Verifying the Checklist
Before running the installation script, ensure that you verify the items in the following
checklist:
■
■
TimesTen install file is present.
You carefully edited the properties file for the script and ensured that it contains
no errors.
A.2.3.13 Running the Installation Script
To run the installation script:
1.
Log in to the Exalytics Machine as the user that you created in Section A.2.3.1,
"Creating the User, Group, and Password on the Operating System."
2.
Change to the directory that contains the Oracle Exalytics software, such as the
following one:
/EXALYTICS_MWHOME/Oracle_BI1/bifoundation/exalytics
3.
Start a shell session (such as csh), ensure that the GROUP environment variable is
set to the group that the user belongs to (for example in this section, "oracle" user
belongs to the "oinstall" group), then run the main installation script, which is
named bim-setup.sh, using a command such as the following one:
./bim-setup.sh /EXALYTICS_MWHOME/Oracle_
BI1/bifoundation/exalytics/properties/bim-setup.properties
You can store the properties file in any directory when you update it as specified
in Section A.2.3.11, "Editing the Properties File" and specify the full path name
when you run the installation script.
The installation script for Oracle Exalytics performs the following tasks:
■
Prompts you to enter the Oracle BI Administration password when it runs.
■
Enables the HardwareAcceleration MBean attribute.
If you must modify the attribute, then you can update it as described in
Section A.2.4.4, "Manually Setting the HardwareAcceleration MBean Attribute."
■
■
Installs Oracle TimesTen.
Makes configuration changes in the opmn.xml file to point to the Oracle TimesTen
libraries.
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■
Configures the sys.odbc.ini file for Oracle TimesTen and the odbc.ini file for Oracle
Business Intelligence with DSN details for Oracle TimesTen.
A.2.3.14 Verifying the Installation
To verify that the installation is successful, you open a web browser and attempt to
display the following URLs. If you can display and interact with the pages at the
following URLs, then the installation succeeded.
■
Oracle BI Enterprise Edition:
http://server-name:9704/analytics
■
Oracle WebLogic Server Console:
http://server-name:7001/console
■
Fusion Middleware Control:
http://server-name:7001/em
A.2.4 Troubleshooting the Installation and Configuration Processes
This section provides the following information on troubleshooting:
■
Section A.2.4.1, "Resolving Issues with the Installation"
■
Section A.2.4.2, "Viewing Log Files"
■
Section A.2.4.3, "Reinstalling Software on the Exalytics Machine"
■
Section A.2.4.4, "Manually Setting the HardwareAcceleration MBean Attribute"
■
Section A.2.4.4, "Manually Setting the HardwareAcceleration MBean Attribute"
■
Section A.2.4.6, "For More Information"
A.2.4.1 Resolving Issues with the Installation
If you have any issues installing software on the Exalytics Machine, check the
following items:
■
■
■
■
Ensure that the database in which you ran the Repository Creation Utility to create
the schemas is running.
Check the networking configuration of the machine including the /etc/hosts file.
Check the contents of the bim-setup.properties file to ensure that all entries are
accurate with no misspellings.
If the installation scripts fail, then perform the following steps:
1.
Deinstall the Oracle TimesTen software.
2.
Verify the contents of the bim-setup.properties file, as described in
Section A.2.3.11, "Editing the Properties File."
3.
Restart the installation process.
A.2.4.2 Viewing Log Files
After installing the software, you can check the log files for Oracle WebLogic Server,
Oracle Business Intelligence, and Oracle TimesTen in the MW_HOME/Oracle_
BI1/bifoundation/exalytics/logs directories. The files have names such as tt_
install.log for Oracle TimesTen.
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A.2.4.3 Reinstalling Software on the Exalytics Machine
You might want to reinstall the software. The installer does not allow reinstallation of
Oracle Business Intelligence in a directory that contains another Oracle Business
Intelligence installation on an Exalytics Machine.
To reinstall Oracle Business Intelligence in the same directory as before:
1.
Deinstall the software as described in Appendix A.4, "Deinstalling Software on the
Exalytics Machine."
2.
Reboot the computer to ensure that if any processes are running, they are stopped.
3.
If you used the Repository Creation Utility to create the BISHIPHOME and MDS
schemas, then either drop the schemas or use a new prefix to create schemas.
4.
To uninstall Oracle TimesTen, enter the following command:
/u01/app/oracle/product/fmw/../TimesTen/tt1122/bin/setup.sh -uininstall
5.
Delete the /etc/TimesTen/* files.
6.
Return to this chapter and follow the installation instructions again.
A.2.4.4 Manually Setting the HardwareAcceleration MBean Attribute
The HardwareAcceleration MBean attribute specifies whether you are using the
Exalytics Machine, as described in the following procedure. This MBean attribute is
turned on automatically when you run the script to install Oracle Business Intelligence
on the Exalytics Machine. The MBean attribute sets the
ORACLEHARDWAREACCELERATION parameter in the NQSConfig.ini file and the
OracleHardwareAcceleration element in the instanceconfig.ini file.
To specify the use of the Exalytics Machine using the System MBean Browser:
1.
In Fusion Middleware Control, in the Navigator window, expand the WebLogic
Domain folder and the bifoundation_domain node.
2.
Right-click the AdminServer node and select System MBean Browser.
3.
Expand Application Defined MBeans, then expand oracle.biee.admin, then expand
Domain: bifoundation_domain.
4.
Lock the domain, as follows:
a.
Expand BIDomain and select the BIDomain MBean where group=Service.
b.
Display the Operations tab.
c.
Click the lock link.
5.
Display the Attributes tab for the same MBean.
6.
Ensure that the HardwareAcceleration attribute is set to true.
7.
After applying your changes, release the lock on the domain by displaying the
Operations tab and clicking one of the commit operations.
8.
Restart Oracle Business Intelligence.
A.2.4.5 Configuring Exalytics Operating System to Change Capacity On Demand
Each Oracle Exalytics Machine is configured with 4 CPUs, each CPU containing 10
active core processors. This configuration provides 40 active core processors. Of these,
20% are reserved for on-demand use when additional computing processing is
needed. For example, you use 32 cores most of the time and enable the other 8 cores
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only when needed, such as to run reports and queries at quarter end. You can then
continue using 80% of the active core processors until the next quarter end.
When you change the number of active core processors, you
do not have to restart the Exalytics Machine.
Note:
You use the exalytics_resourceControl.sh utility to configure the Oracle Exalytics
operating system to change capacity on demand. Table A–1 shows the parameters for
the capacity_on_demand command. The command is part of the exalytics_
resourceControl.sh utility.
Table A–1 Parameters for the capacity_on_demand Command in the exalytics_
resourceControl.sh Utility
Parameter
Description
Display
Displays number of active core processors currently in use.
Disable
Disables core processors that are reserved for additional on-demand
processing.
Enable
Enables core processors that are reserved for additional on-demand
processing.
Update
Enables any number of core processors. Can only be used in force mode.
If you do not specify any parameters, the utility displays all capacity on demand
arguments. For example, if you navigate to the /opt/exalytics/bin directory, and enter the
following command:
./exalytics_resourceControl.sh
The following output is displayed:
Usage: ./exalytics_resourceControl.sh [-show | -capacity_on_demand args]
-show: Displays the number of logical cores active
-capacity_on_demand [display|disable|enable|update -cores <noOfCoresPerSocket>]
[-force]
display: displays the number of cores in use.
disable: disables the cores reserved for additional on-demand capacity.
enable: enables the cores reserved for additional on-demand capacity.
update -cores <numCoresPerSocket> -force: can be used in force mode, to enable any
number (min 2) of cores on a socket.
To configure the Exalytics operating system to change capacity on demand:
1.
Log on the Exalytics Machine as a root user.
2.
Navigate to the folder /opt/exalytics/bin directory.
3.
View the existing configuration, by entering the following command:
./exalytics_resourceControl.sh -capacity_on_demand display
The following output is displayed:
[CAPSHOW] Number of cores active per socket: All of 10
4.
Disable core processors, by entering the following command:
./exalytics_resourceControl.sh -capacity_on_demand disable
2 core processors per CPU are disabled.
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The following output is displayed:
[CAPSHOW] Number of cores active per socket: 8 of 10
5.
Enable core processors, by entering the following command:
./exalytics_resourceControl.sh -capacity_on_demand enable
2 core processors per CPU are enabled.
The following output is displayed:
[CAPSHOW] Number of cores active per socket: All of 10
6.
Enable a given number of core processors (for example, 6), by entering the
following command:
./exalytics_resourceControl.sh -capacity_on_demand update -cores 6
-force
6 core processors per CPU are enabled.
The following output is displayed:
[CAPSHOW] Number of cores active per socket: 6 of 10
After running the utility, you can check the log and the trace
files in the /var/log/oracleexa/systemconfig.log file and the
/var/log/oracleexa/resctl directory respectively.
Note:
A.2.4.6 For More Information
For additional information, see the following:
■
"Troubleshooting the Installation and Configuration Processes" of Oracle Fusion
Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence
A.3 Postinstallation Instructions
For a single-node installation, the semi-automated installation scripts perform many of
the configuration tasks. For a multiple node system, you must perform the
configuration tasks manually. The sections of this chapter indicate on which
computers to perform the tasks.
This section includes the following topics:
■
Section A.3.1, "Installing and Deinstalling Oracle Business Intelligence Client
Tools"
■
Section A.3.2, "Creating the boot.properties File"
■
Section A.3.3, "Starting and Stopping Components on an Exalytics Machine"
■
Section A.3.4, "Running the Daemon Configuration Scripts for Oracle TimesTen"
■
Section A.3.5, "Configuring Memory Settings on the Server"
■
Section A.3.6, "Instantiating the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database"
■
Section A.3.7, "Configuring the ODBC Connection from Oracle Business
Intelligence to Oracle TimesTen"
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■
Section A.3.8, "Mapping Instances of Oracle TimesTen into the Physical Layer of
the Oracle BI Repository"
■
Section A.3.9, "Installing and Configuring BI Composer for Oracle BI EE"
■
Section A.3.10, "Creating a DSN for IBM DB2 or Microsoft SQL Server"
■
Section A.3.11, "Configuring IBM DB2 to Support Multibyte Data"
■
Section A.3.12, "Configuring Sample Reports for Oracle BI Publisher"
■
Section A.3.13, "Changing the Default Password for SampleAppLite.rpd"
■
■
Section A.3.14, "Adding the ORACLEHARDWAREACCELERATION TRUE
Parameter for Essbase"
Section A.3.15, "Enabling Bursting Optimization for BI Publisher"
A.3.1 Installing and Deinstalling Oracle Business Intelligence Client Tools
Perform this task one time regardless of the number of computers in the cluster.
You must install the Oracle Business Intelligence Administration Tool, Oracle Business
Intelligence Job Manager, and Oracle Business Intelligence Catalog Manager on a
Windows computer. See "Installing and Deinstalling Oracle Business Intelligence
Client Tools" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle Business
Intelligence.
A.3.2 Creating the boot.properties File
Perform this task on each computer in the cluster.
For information on creating the boot.properties file, see "Creating boot.properties for
the Administration Server on APPHOST1" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Enterprise
Deployment Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence.
A.3.3 Starting and Stopping Components on an Exalytics Machine
After making configuration changes, you stop and start components on the Exalytics
Machine to enable those changes to take effect
You can start and stop components on the Exalytics Machine by performing the
following tasks on each computer in the cluster:
To stop components on the Exalytics Machine:
1.
Log into Fusion Middleware Control and stop all Oracle Business Intelligence
system components.
2.
Stop Node Manager. Use the ps command to find the process identifier, then use
the kill command to stop Node Manager.
3.
Stop OPMN by entering the following commands:
cd /EXALYTICS_MWHOME/instances/instance1/bin
./opmnctl stopall
4.
Stop the Oracle TimesTen Server. See "Running the TimesTen Server" in Oracle
TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide.
To start components on the Exalytics Machine:
1.
Change to the following directory:
/EXALYTICS_MWHOME/user_projects/domains/bifoundation_domain
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2.
Enter the command to start Oracle WebLogic Server:
nohup ./startWebLogic.sh &
3.
Use the command line to start Node Manager and OPMN if they are not started.
4.
Log into the Oracle WebLogic Server console and start the managed servers.
5.
Log into Fusion Middleware Control and verify whether the Oracle Business
Intelligence system components are running. If they are not running, then start
them.
6.
Start the Oracle TimesTen Server. See "Running the TimesTen Server" in Oracle
TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide.
A.3.4 Running the Daemon Configuration Scripts for Oracle TimesTen
Perform this task on each computer in the cluster.
Run the daemon configuration scripts for Oracle TimesTen as root, using the following
command:
/u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen/tt1122/bin/setuproot -install
A.3.5 Configuring Memory Settings on the Server
Perform this task on each computer in the cluster.
When you configure memory settings, keep the following in mind:
■
If an Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database larger than 256GB is required, then
you must configure and use large pages.
See "Large pages" in Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Installation Guide for
additional information on defining the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database in
the DSN and on editing the limits.conf file for kernel parameters and semaphores.
■
The largest recommended size for a Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database on a
single machine is a total of 800 GB3 TB, which includes the values for the PermSize
and TempSize attributes.
Increasing large page settings for more memory will result in
other applications (Oracle BI EE, Oracle Essbase) unable to allocate
memory. Exceeding more than 80% of the physical memory is not
recommended. Depending on how much more PermSize memory is
required, you can transfer memory from the TempSize.
Note:
A.3.5.1 Configuring Large Pages at the Kernel Level
You can configure and activate the number of large pages by setting the nr_hugepages
parameter in the /etc/sysctl.conf file. For an 800GB Oracle TimesTen In-Memory
Database, you must specify greater than 410122 pages to create an 800GB store based
on the following calculation:
(PermSize + TempSize + LogBufMB + 20) / hugepage_size
[All in bytes]
(400*1024*1024*1024) + (400*1024*1024*1024) + (1024*1024*1024) + (20*1024*1024) =
860088172544
860088172544 / (2 * 1024 * 1024) = 410122
For example, to allow for spare capacity, modify the following setting in the
/etc/sysctl.conf file:
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vm.nr_hugepages = 410200
then either restart the machine or run the following command as the root user:
/sbin/sysctl –p
A.3.5.2 Configuring Large Pages for Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Databases
You can configure large pages for the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database by editing
the following file:
/u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen/tt1122/info/ttendaemon.options
and adding the following line:
-linuxLargePageAlignment 2
A.3.5.3 Increasing PermSize on Existing Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Databases
After configuring large pages for the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database, you can
increase the PermSize on existing Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Databases.
To increase PermSize on existing Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Databases:
1.
Disconnect all applications, including Oracle BI EE, from the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database.
2.
If needed, change the RAM policy from inUse to Manual.
3.
Unload the RAM memory from the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database by
executing the following command:
ttAdmin -ramunload <Your_TT_DSN>
For example:
ttAdmin -ramunload TT_AGGR_STORE
4.
Modify the timesten-install-dir/info/sys.odbc.ini file in the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database to increase the PermSize.
5.
Reload the RAM memory in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database, by
executing the following command:
ttAdmin -ramload <Your_TT_DSN>
For example:
ttAdmin -ramload TT_AGGR_STORE
6.
Reconnect all applications, including Oracle BI EE, to the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database.
For more information, see the "Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database". The link to
"Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Documentation" is available on the Oracle
Exalytics Documentation Library.
A.3.6 Instantiating the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database
Perform this task on each computer in the cluster. For the first computer, the
installation scripts update the sys.odbc.ini file, then you perform the rest of the task
manually.
The Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Databases are defined using a DSN that is contained
in the sys.odbc.ini file in the following directory:
/u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen/tt1122/info
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The semi-automated installation scripts automatically update the sys.odbc.ini file for
Oracle TimesTen with a default configuration for the in-memory aggregate store for
Oracle Exalytics, as shown in the following excerpts from a sample file on an Exalytics
Machine:
[ODBC Data Sources]
TT_AGGR_STORE=TimesTen 11.2.2 Driver
[TT_AGGR_STORE]
Driver=/u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen/tt1122/lib/libtten.so
DataStore=/u01/app/oracle/product/aggregate_store/tt_aggr_store
LogDir=/u01/app/oracle/product/aggregate_store/logs
DatabaseCharacterSet=AL32UTF8
ConnectionCharacterSet=AL32UTF8
LogFileSize=1024
LogBufMB=1024
LogBufParallelism=16
Preallocate=0
PermSize=25000
TempSize=25000
MemoryLock=4
CkptFrequency=30
CkptLogVolume=0
CkptRate=20
PrivateCommands=1
RecoveryThreads=40
This DSN supports an Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database of 25GB with overall
memory consumption of approximately 50GB. To support larger in-memory data
stores, increase the settings of the PermSize and TempSize parameters. To support this
DSN definition, the semi-automated installation process creates the following
directories on the Exalytics Machine:
/u01/app/oracle/product/aggregate_store
/u01/app/oracle/product/aggregate_store/logs
On computers other than the first one in the cluster, manually edit the sys.odbc.ini file
for Oracle TimesTen to add the DSN definition. Before instantiating this DSN, remove
the comment character (#) that the semi-automated scripts included for the lines that
define the DataStore and LogDir parameters in the sys.odbc.ini file.
The Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database is instantiated when the first connection is
made to the database. Navigate to the bin directory, run the ttIsql utility, and create a
user (with a name such as "exalytics" and password such as "welcome1") as shown in
the following sample commands:
cd /u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen/tt1122/bin
./ttIsql
connect dsn=TT_AGGR_STORE;
create user exalytics identified by welcome1;
grant create session to exalytics;
grant create table to exalytics;
grant select on SYS.OBJ$ to exalytics;
Use the following sample commands to test the connection to the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database. There are no tables of data yet configured to return.
connect "DSN=TT_AGGR_STORE;uid=exalytics";
tables;
exit
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You can use a tool such as SQL Developer on the client computer, if the Windows
TimesTen client drivers that are installed can make a connection to the Oracle
TimesTen instance that is used for aggregate storage. This tool can allow you to easily
view the contents of the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database and to create a dummy
table that facilitates the mapping of the Oracle TimesTen schema into the physical
layer of the repository for Oracle Business Intelligence.
A.3.7 Configuring the ODBC Connection from Oracle Business Intelligence to Oracle
TimesTen
Perform this task on each computer in the cluster. The semi-automatic installation
scripts perform this task on the first computer.
The Client/Server DSN in Oracle TimesTen spans computer boundaries and the
remote Oracle TimesTen server can be configured as part of the DSN. You create the
DSN for the two Oracle TimesTen instances by modifying the following file:
/EXALYTICS_
MWHOME/instances/instance1/bifoundation/OracleBIApplication/coreapplication
/setup/odbc.ini
On the second computer in a cluster, the directory name includes the string "instance2"
for the second computer instead of "instance1".
The following provides sample modifications to the file:
[ODBC Data Sources]
AnalyticsWeb = Oracle BI Server
Cluster = Oracle BI Server
SSL_Sample = Oracle BI Server
TT_AGGR_STORE = TimesTen 11.2.2 Driver
[TT_AGGR_STORE]
Driver = /u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen/tt1122/lib/libttclient.so
TTC_SERVER_DSN = TT_AGGR_STORE
TTC_SERVER = <tt_hostname>
TTC_TIMEOUT = 0
Define the DSN Servers for Oracle TimesTen by modifying the following file:
TimesTen-root-dir/tt1122/info/sys.ttconnect.ini
The following provides sample modifications to the file:
[tt_hostname]
Description=TimesTen Server
Network_Address=example1.com
TCP_PORT=53397
In a multiple node cluster, you achieve high availability of in-memory aggregates by
installing a Oracle TimesTen instance on each computer and ensuring that each
instance is aware of the Oracle TimesTen instance on the other computer. You edit the
odbc.ini file for Oracle Business Intelligence to contain references to both Oracle
TimesTen instances. A two-node cluster might contain the following configuration
details in the odbc.ini file on each computer:
[ODBC Data Sources]
AnalyticsWeb = Oracle BI Server
Cluster = Oracle BI Server
SSL_Sample = Oracle BI Server
TT_AGGR_STORE1 = TimesTen 11.2.2 Driver
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TT_AGGR_STORE2 = TimesTen 11.2.2 Driver
[TT_AGGR_STORE1]
Driver = /u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen/tt1122/lib/libttclient.so
TTC_SERVER_DSN = TT_AGGR_STORE
TTC_SERVER = <tt_hostname1>
TTC_TIMEOUT = 0
[TT_AGGR_STORE2]
Driver = /u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen/tt1122/lib/libttclient.so
TTC_SERVER_DSN = TT_AGGR_STORE
TTC_SERVER = <tt_hostname2>
TTC_TIMEOUT = 0
With this configuration, edit the sys.ttconnect.ini in the
/home/oracle/TimesTen/tt1122/info directory to correspond to the odbc.ini file as
shown in the following example:
[tt_hostname1]
Description=TimesTen Server
Network_Address=<fully qualified hostname>
TCP_PORT=53397
[tt_hostname2]
Description=TimesTen Server
Network_Address=<fully qualified hostname>
TCP_PORT=53397
A.3.8 Mapping Instances of Oracle TimesTen into the Physical Layer of the Oracle BI
Repository
You must map all instances of Oracle TimesTen into the Physical layer of the Oracle BI
repository. To map the instances, manually create the necessary database, connection
pool, and physical schema objects using the Administration Tool. Then, upload the
changed repository using the Repository tab of the Deployment page in Fusion
Middleware Control.
When mapping an Oracle TimesTen source into the Physical layer of the Oracle BI
repository, ensure that the database type and version are set correctly in the Database
field of the General tab of the Database dialog. You must also ensure that the Call
interface field in the General tab of the Connection Pool dialog is set correctly. For
example, for Oracle TimesTen version 11.2.2., use the ODBC 3.5 call interface.
For more information, see the following:
■
■
"Setting Up Database Objects and Connection Pools" in Oracle Fusion Middleware
Metadata Repository Builder's Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition
"Configuring Repositories" in Oracle Fusion Middleware System Administrator's
Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition
A.3.9 Installing and Configuring BI Composer for Oracle BI EE
Perform this task on each computer in the cluster.
See "Installing and Configuring BI Composer for Oracle BI EE" in Oracle Fusion
Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence.
A-22 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Postinstallation Instructions
A.3.10 Creating a DSN for IBM DB2 or Microsoft SQL Server
Perform this task one time regardless of the number of computers in the cluster if you
use IBM DB2 or Microsoft SQL Server.
See "Creating a DSN for IBM DB2 or Microsoft SQL Server" in Oracle Fusion Middleware
Installation Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence.
A.3.11 Configuring IBM DB2 to Support Multibyte Data
Perform this task one time regardless of the number of computers in the cluster if you
use IBM DB2.
See "Configuring IBM DB2 to Support Multibyte Data" in Oracle Fusion Middleware
Installation Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence.
A.3.12 Configuring Sample Reports for Oracle BI Publisher
Perform this task on each computer in the cluster.
See "Configuring Sample Reports for Oracle BI Publisher" in Oracle Fusion Middleware
Installation Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence.
A.3.13 Changing the Default Password for SampleAppLite.rpd
Perform this task once for the domain.
When you install Oracle Business Intelligence, the Oracle Business Intelligence
installer automatically installs the SampleAppLite.rpd file with a default repository
password of Admin123. If you intend to use the SampleAppLite.rpd file in a
production system, then Oracle recommends that you change the default password for
security reasons. For complete information on changing the password, see "Changing
the Repository Password" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Metadata Repository Builder's
Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition.
You can download the Sample Application (full version) from the following location
on Oracle Technology Network:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/bi-foundation/obiee-samples-1
67534.html
A.3.14 Adding the ORACLEHARDWAREACCELERATION TRUE Parameter for Essbase
If Essbase is installed, you must add the ORACLEHARDWAREACCELERATION
TRUE parameter to the essbase.cfg file.
To add the ORACLEHARDWAREACCELERATION TRUE parameter:
1.
Open the essbase.cfg file for editing.
The essbase.cfg file is located in:
ORACLE_INSTANCE/Essbase/essbaseserver1/bin/essbase.cfg
2.
Edit the essbase.cfg file by adding the following parameter:
ORACLEHARDWAREACCELERATION TRUE
3.
Save the file.
4.
Stop and restart the Essbase server by performing the following actions:
a.
Log in to Fusion Middleware Control.
Manual Procedures for Installing and Configuring Software on an Exalytics Machine
A-23
Deinstalling Software on the Exalytics Machine
For information, see Section 2.2.2, "Logging into Fusion Middleware Control
to Manage Oracle Business Intelligence" in Oracle Fusion Middleware System
Administrator's Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition.
b.
Select Business Intelligence then coreapplication.
c.
Display the Processes page in the Availability tab.
For example, expand Essbase Agents and select essbaseserver1 in the
Processes section.
This enables you to start or stop just the Essbase Server process.
d.
Click Stop Selected to stop the selected process.
e.
Click Start Selected to start the selected process.
A.3.15 Enabling Bursting Optimization for BI Publisher
Enabling bursting optimization mode for BI Publisher significantly enhances the
performance of bursting jobs run through the BI Publisher scheduler.
To enable bursting optimization:
1.
Open the xmlp-server-config.xml file located at:
DOMAIN_
HOME/config/bipublisher/repository/Admin/Configuration/xmlp-server-confi
g.xml
2.
Add the following property and value setting to the file:
<property name="OPTIMIZE_BURST" value="true" />
3.
Save the xmlp-server-config.xml.
4.
Restart the BI Publisher application.
To handle high volume jobs (normal scheduled jobs or bursting jobs) configure the
system temporary directory and the JMS shared directory in the BI Publisher
Administration pages. For best performance configure these temp directories to use
RAM disk (for non-clustered environments only) or solid-state drive. For information,
see "Setting the System Temporary Directory" and "Configuring the Shared Directory"
in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence
Publisher.
A.4 Deinstalling Software on the Exalytics Machine
On the Exalytics Machine, you perform deinstallation both for Oracle TimesTen and
Oracle Business Intelligence, as described in the following list:
■
■
Deinstallation for Oracle TimesTen is described in "Uninstalling TimesTen on
UNIX systems" in Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Installation Guide.
Deinstallation for Oracle Business Intelligence is described in "Deinstalling Oracle
Business Intelligence" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle
Business Intelligence.
A.5 Deploying Oracle Exalytics for High Availability
This section describes how to horizontally scale out the Exalytics Machine for
scalability (high-availability) and performance (load balancing).
A-24 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Deploying Oracle Exalytics for High Availability
For additional details, see "Deploying Oracle Business Intelligence for High
Availability" in Oracle Fusion Middleware System Administrator's Guide for Oracle
Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition.
The chapter includes the following sections:
■
Section A.5.1, "Requirements for High Availability"
■
Section A.5.2, "Diagram of High Availability"
■
Section A.5.3, "Configuring for High Availability"
■
Section A.5.4, "Troubleshooting the Highly Available Deployment"
A.5.1 Requirements for High Availability
The following are required for a high availability configuration:
■
■
■
Each computer has an independent instance of Oracle TimesTen.
Each computer has an odbc.ini file that contains a separate DSN for each instance
of Oracle TimesTen. Each Oracle TimesTen DSN uses the client/server mode of
connection.
A BI Server repository can point to one or more physical repositories, but one set
of aggregates exists per physical data source. Each physical data source has its
own connection pool.
A.5.2 Diagram of High Availability
Figure A–1 shows a diagram of high availability for the Exalytics Machine. In certain
scenarios, the system might benefit from using Oracle HTTP Server in the web tier.
Figure A–1 Diagram of High Availability for an Exalytics Machine
Manual Procedures for Installing and Configuring Software on an Exalytics Machine
A-25
Deploying Oracle Exalytics for High Availability
A.5.3 Configuring for High Availability
Appendix A.2, "Installing Software on Exalytics Machine" describes using the
installation scripts for a single computer. For multiple computers (such as a two-node
cluster), you use the installation scripts for the first computer, then you install the
software manually on other computers, without the use of scripts. After performing
the steps in this section, see Appendix A.4, "Deinstalling Software on the Exalytics
Machine."
This section describes the steps for configuring a highly available deployment:
■
Section A.5.3.1, "Step 1: Preparing the First Exalytics Machine"
■
Section A.5.3.2, "Step 2: Preparing the Second Exalytics Machine"
■
Section A.5.3.3, "Step 3: Installing Oracle WebLogic Server"
■
Section A.5.3.4, "Step 4: Installing Oracle Business Intelligence"
■
Section A.5.3.5, "Step 5: Scaling Out the Existing BI Domain"
■
Section A.5.3.6, "Step 6: Scaling Out System Components to the Second Exalytics
Machine"
■
Section A.5.3.7, "Step 7: Installing and Configuring Oracle TimesTen"
■
Section A.5.3.8, "Step 8: Configuring Shared Storage for Persistent Stores"
■
Section A.5.3.9, "Step 9: Configuring the Front-End Load Balancer"
Tip: Because the installation process for the second node involves
mostly manual steps using the Oracle Universal Installer, connect to
the Exalytics Machine using a tool such as RealVNC remote control
software.
A.5.3.1 Step 1: Preparing the First Exalytics Machine
Install Oracle Exalytics on the first Exalytics Machine using the instructions that are
provided in Appendix A.2, "Installing Software on Exalytics Machine" of this appendix
before installing on the second Exalytics Machine.
A.5.3.2 Step 2: Preparing the Second Exalytics Machine
To prepare the second Exalytics Machine:
1.
Create the user, as described in Appendix A.2.3.1, "Creating the User, Group, and
Password on the Operating System."
2.
Create the inventory for Oracle TimesTen, as described in Appendix A.2.3.2,
"Creating the Inventory for Oracle TimesTen."
3.
Create the following directory structure:
■
The location of the Middleware home, which must be the same logical
directory name as on the first Exalytics Machine:
/u01/app/oracle/product/fmw
■
The target directory for the Oracle TimesTen installation:
/u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen
4.
Download the files into the directory structure, as described in Appendix A.2.3.5,
"Downloading Oracle Files into the Directory Structure." You do not have to
download the files for the Repository Creation Utility.
A-26 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Deploying Oracle Exalytics for High Availability
A.5.3.3 Step 3: Installing Oracle WebLogic Server
Install Oracle WebLogic Server into the following directory, which becomes the
Middleware home on the second Exalytics Machine:
/u01/app/oracle/product/fmw
To install Oracle WebLogic Server on the second Exalytics Machine:
1.
Run the following command:
>./ wls1036_linux64.bin
2.
Select the custom option in the wizard and deselect Coherence, because the
component does not need to be installed.
The wizard automatically selects JRockit as the JVM to use, so keep this option
selected.
3.
When the installation has completed, clear the option to run "quickstart" because
this option is not required.
A.5.3.4 Step 4: Installing Oracle Business Intelligence
To perform a Software Only Install of Oracle Business Intelligence on the second
Exalytics Machine:
1.
Enter the following commands:
cd /home/oracle/EXALYTICS_INSTALLERS/bi/bishiphome/disk1
>./runInstaller
2.
The first time that you install on the second Exalytics Machine, you are prompted
to log in as "root" and to run a script to create the Oracle Inventory. Ensure that the
location specified is /home/oracle/oraInventory.
3.
Navigate through the pages of the wizard until you can select the option to
perform a Software Only Install.
4.
On the next page, ensure that the Oracle Middleware Home property is set to the
directory where you installed Oracle WebLogic Server.
The Oracle Home directory can be the default of Oracle_BI1.
5.
Navigate through the remaining pages of the wizard until the installation is
complete.
A.5.3.5 Step 5: Scaling Out the Existing BI Domain
You scale out the existing BI domain from the second Exalytics Machine.
To scale out the BI Domain:
1.
Log on to the second Exalytics Machine.
2.
Enter the following commands:
cd /u01/app/oracle/product/fmw/Oracle_BI1/bin
>./config.sh
3.
Navigate through the pages of the wizard and select Scale Out BI System.
4.
Enter details of the first Exalytics Machine and the directory locations for the
installation are populated automatically.
5.
Navigate through the remaining pages of the wizard until you can initiate the
process by pressing Configure.
Manual Procedures for Installing and Configuring Software on an Exalytics Machine
A-27
Deploying Oracle Exalytics for High Availability
See "Using the Configuration Assistant to Scale Out the BI System" in Oracle Fusion
Middleware Enterprise Deployment Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence for information
on running the config.sh script.
A.5.3.6 Step 6: Scaling Out System Components to the Second Exalytics Machine
To configure the communication between Oracle Business Intelligence and Oracle
TimesTen, you must scale out using Fusion Middleware Control to deploy the required
Oracle Business Intelligence system component servers onto the second Exalytics
Machine. This scale-out results in entries in the opmn.xml file on the second Exalytics
Machine that can then be edited as needed.
To scale out system components to the second Exalytics Machine:
1.
Using Fusion Middleware Control, scale out the following system components as
described in Oracle Fusion Middleware System Administrator's Guide for Oracle
Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition:
■
The Oracle BI Server
■
Oracle BI Presentation Services
■
JavaHost
You should also scale out the following single components in the Oracle BI domain
as a standby component: the Cluster Controller and the Oracle BI Scheduler.
A.5.3.7 Step 7: Installing and Configuring Oracle TimesTen
To install and configure Oracle TimesTen:
1.
Enter the following commands:
cd /home/oracle/EXALYTICS_INSTALLERS/tt
>./setup.sh
instance name tt1122 [default chosen]
install client/server and data manager [default chosen]
specify particular location for install [3]
enter location [custom location chosen /u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen]
create daemon home - [default chosen]
daemon logs - [default chosen]
accept default port no - 53396
restrict access to TT to group oracle? - Yes
enable PL/SQL - yes [default chosen]
TNS_ADMIN – not chosen during install.
port for TT server - 53397
quickstart and doc - no [default chosen]
doc without quickstart - yes [default chosen] - location default
TT replication with clusterware - no - [default chosen]
2.
Run the daemon configuration scripts for Oracle TimesTen as root, as described in
Appendix A.3.4, "Running the Daemon Configuration Scripts for Oracle
TimesTen."
3.
On the first Exalytics Machine, configure the BI Server to communicate with either
instance of Oracle TimesTen by creating two DSNs for Oracle TimesTen, as
described in Appendix A.3.7, "Configuring the ODBC Connection from Oracle
Business Intelligence to Oracle TimesTen."
4.
On the second Exalytics Machine, perform the same procedure as in the previous
step to create DSNs for Oracle TimesTen to configure the connectivity from the
second BI Server to either instance of Oracle TimesTen.
A-28 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Deploying Oracle Exalytics for High Availability
5.
Update the opmn.xml file on the second Exalytics Machine to point to the driver
location for ODBC for Oracle TimesTen by editing the following "variable"
elements. The edited text is shown in bold.
<variable id="LD_LIBRARY_PATH" value="$ORACLE_
HOME/common/ODBC/Merant/5.3/lib$:$ORACLE_HOME/bifoundation/server/bin$:$ORACLE_
HOME/bifoundation/web/bin$:$ORACLE_
HOME/clients/epm/Essbase/EssbaseRTC/bin$:$ORACLE_
HOME/bifoundation/odbc/lib$:$ORACLE_INSTANCE$:$ORACLE_
HOME/lib:/u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen/tt1122/lib" append="true"/>
<variable id="TIMESTEN_DLL"
value="/u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen/tt1122/lib/libttclient.so"/>
The opmn.xml file is in the following directory:
/u01/app/oracle/product/fmw/instances/instance2/config/OPMN
6.
Stop and start the Notification Server (OPMN).
a.
Go to the following directory that contains the OPMN command-line tool:
/u01/app/oracle/product/fmw/instances/instance2/bin
b.
Run the following command:
./opmnctl stopall
Stops OPMN and all Oracle Business Intelligence system components.
c.
Go to the following directory that contains the OPMN command-line tool:
/u01/app/oracle/product/fmw/instances/instance2/bin
d.
Run the following command:
./opmnctl startall
Starts OPMN and all Oracle Business Intelligence system components.
For more information, see "Using the OPMN Command Line to Start, Stop,
Restart, and View the Status of System Components" in Oracle Fusion
Middleware System Administrator's Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence
Enterprise Edition.
7.
Validate that you can use a client/server DSN for Oracle TimesTen from the first
Exalytics Machine by entering the following commands:
cd $ORACLE_INSTANCE/bifoundation/OracleBIApplication/coreapplication/setup/
. ./bi-init.sh (bash shell)
cd Times-Ten-root-dir/tt1122/bin
./ttisqlcs –connstr "uid=oracle;pwd=welcome1;dsn=bim_tt1";
These commands use the SQL client for Oracle TimesTen to connect to the Oracle
TimesTen server on the first Exalytics Machine and validate that the BI Server can
communicate with Oracle TimesTen.
8.
Repeat the previous step for the client/server DSN for Oracle TimesTen from the
second Exalytics Machine.
A.5.3.8 Step 8: Configuring Shared Storage for Persistent Stores
As part of the process of configuring the Exalytics Machine, you must configure
various persistent stores to be located on a shared directory location such as a NAS
(network attached storage). The following list outlines those stores and includes link
for information on configuring them:
Manual Procedures for Installing and Configuring Software on an Exalytics Machine
A-29
Deploying Oracle Exalytics for High Availability
■
Repository for the Oracle BI Server. Specify a shared RPD publishing directory in
Fusion Middleware Control to propagate online repository changes in a cluster.
The master BI Server copies its local repository to this directory when online
changes are made. When slave BI Servers start, if the version in the publishing
directory is newer, then each slave server copies the version in the shared directory
to its local disk.
For information, see "Using Fusion Middleware Control to Upload a Repository
and Set the Oracle BI Presentation Catalog Location" in Oracle Fusion Middleware
System Administrator's Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition.
■
Oracle BI Presentation Catalog. Each Oracle BI Presentation Services instance
loads the catalog from the catalog location that is specified in Fusion Middleware
Control. Copy any existing catalogs to shared storage before reconfiguring this
location to shared storage.
For information, see "Using Fusion Middleware Control to Upload a Repository
and Set the Oracle BI Presentation Catalog Location" in Oracle Fusion Middleware
System Administrator's Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition.
■
Global cache. The global cache resides on a shared file system and stores purging
events, seeding events (which are often generated by agents), and results sets that
are associated with seeding events. Each BI Server maintains its own local query
cache for regular queries. The query cache for the BI Server continues to be located
on the local node.
For information, see "Using Fusion Middleware Control to Set Global Cache
Parameters" in Oracle Fusion Middleware System Administrator's Guide for Oracle
Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition.
A.5.3.9 Step 9: Configuring the Front-End Load Balancer
Configure a front-end load balancer, which is properly configured with the Oracle
WebLogic Server Cluster Plug-in. For information, see "Configuring High Availability
for Oracle Business Intelligence and EPM" in Oracle Fusion Middleware High Availability
Guide.
A.5.4 Troubleshooting the Highly Available Deployment
This section contains solutions that are related to a highly available deployment:
■
■
■
■
Section A.5.4.1, "Connection Issues with the Oracle BI Server and Oracle
TimesTen"
Section A.5.4.2, "Client Installer Cannot Locate the Driver for Oracle TimesTen"
Section A.5.4.3, "Oracle BI Server Does Not Fail Over to the Instance of Oracle
TimesTen"
Section A.5.4.4, "Aggregates Are Not Present in Second Instance"
A.5.4.1 Connection Issues with the Oracle BI Server and Oracle TimesTen
You might find that the BI Server cannot connect to Oracle TimesTen on either the first
or the second node. To resolve this issue, check the following:
■
Verify that the DSNs for Oracle TimesTen are configured correctly in the odbc.ini
and opmn.xml files, as described in the following list:
–
The odbc.ini file in the ORACLE_
INSTANCE/bifoundation/OracleBIApplication/coreapplication/setup
directory has the proper DSNs defined to connect to both instances of Oracle
A-30 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Deploying Oracle Exalytics for High Availability
TimesTen, as described in Section A.3.7, "Configuring the ODBC Connection
from Oracle Business Intelligence to Oracle TimesTen."
–
The opmn.xml file in the ORACLE_INSTANCE/config/OPMN/opmn/
directory has the LD_LIBRARY_PATH variable set correctly to point to the
shared library folder for Oracle TimesTen. The TIMESTEN_DLL variable must
also be defined correctly, as shown in the following example:
<variable id="TIMESTEN_DLL"
value="u01/app/oracle/product/TimesTen/tt1122/lib/libttclient.so"/>
■
The BI Server must use the ODBC driver for Oracle TimesTen Version 3.5 for
connection.
During deployment of a repository, ensure that you use the ODBC driver for
Oracle TimesTen Version 3.5 for the database connection pool. Without the use of
this driver version, the BI Server cannot connect to Oracle TimesTen.
A.5.4.2 Client Installer Cannot Locate the Driver for Oracle TimesTen
After you use the Client Installer to install the Oracle BI Administration Tool on a
Windows computer, you might notice that the Administration Tool displays an error
message such as the following:
Unable to load Times Ten Driver ttclient.dll.
This error message indicates that you cannot use the ODBC drivers in Oracle TimesTen
to import metadata from a physical table source for Oracle TimesTen. To resolve this
issue, set the TIMESTEN_DLL environment variable to point explicitly to the driver
location for Oracle TimesTen, as shown in the following example:
set TIMESTEN_DLL=C:\TimesTen\tt1122_32\bin\ttclient1122.dll
A.5.4.3 Oracle BI Server Does Not Fail Over to the Instance of Oracle TimesTen
If the BI Server does not fail over to the second Oracle TimesTen instance on the
scaled-out node, then ensure that the logical table source (LTS) for the repository has
mapped both the physical data sources for Oracle TimesTen. This mapping ensures
that at the logical table source level, a mapping exists to both instances of Oracle
TimesTen. If one instance of Oracle TimesTen is not available, then failover logic for the
BI Server at the DSN level tries to connect to the other instance of Oracle TimesTen.
A.5.4.4 Aggregates Are Not Present in Second Instance
You might notice that aggregates that were created on the first instance of Oracle
TimesTen are not available on the second instance of Oracle TimesTen. Keep in mind
that no automatic replication exists between the Oracle TimesTen instances in the
scaled-out deployment. The two instances are distinct and run on different computers
but have the same deployed data stores. If you create aggregates using SQL scripts
from Oracle BI Summary Advisor or the Aggregate Persistence Wizard on one instance
of Oracle TimesTen, then you must manually create the same aggregates on the second
instance of Oracle TimesTen. You must ensure that you keep the two instances of
Oracle TimesTen synchronized. For information, see "Life Cycle Use Cases for
Aggregate Persistence" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Metadata Repository Builder's Guide
for Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition.
Manual Procedures for Installing and Configuring Software on an Exalytics Machine
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Deploying Oracle Exalytics for High Availability
A-32 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
B
Reinstalling and Configuring the Oracle
Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image (1.0.0.7) on an
Exalytics Machine
B
[12This
]
appendix describes how to reinstall and configure the Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5
Base Image (1.0.0.7) on an Oracle Exalytics Machine.
The instructions assumes you have knowledge of Linux administration, networking
and Oracle Integrated Lights Out Manager (ILOM) concepts.
This appendix consists of the following sections:
■
■
■
■
Section B.1, "Prerequisites to Reinstalling and Configuring the Oracle Exalytics
Patchset 5 Base Image (1.0.0.7) on an Oracle Exalytics Machine"
Section B.2, "Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on the Exalytics
Machine"
Section B.3, "Reinstalling Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image (1.0.0.7)"
Section B.4, "Configuring Network on the Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image
(1.0.0.7)"
■
Section B.5, "Postinstallation Steps"
■
Section B.6, "Installing Software on the Exalytics Machine"
B.1 Prerequisites to Reinstalling and Configuring the Oracle Exalytics
Patchset 5 Base Image (1.0.0.7) on an Oracle Exalytics Machine
The following prerequisites must be met before you can reinstall and reimage a Oracle
Patchset 5 Base Image (1.0.0.7) on an Exalytics Machine.
■
The Exalytics Machine is configured with the base operating system at the factory.
■
The Exalytics Machine has been racked and mounted in a data center.
■
■
Network configuration is complete and the computer is accessible from the
network.
You have access to the internet from a computer (not necessarily the Exalytics
Machine) to download required packages.
Reinstalling and Configuring the Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image (1.0.0.7) on an Exalytics Machine
B-1
Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on the Exalytics Machine
B.2 Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on the Exalytics
Machine
Depending on the configuration of the Exalytics Machine, reconfigure existing RAID
configurations on the X2-4, X3-4, or the X4-4 Exalytics Machine.
This section consists of the following topics:
■
■
■
Section B.2.1, "Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on an X2-4 Exalytics
Machine"
Section B.2.2, "Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on an X3-4 Exalytics
Machine"
Section B.2.3, "Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configuration on an X4-4 Exalytics
Machine"
B.2.1 Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on an X2-4 Exalytics Machine
The X2-4 Exalytics Machine comprises six hard disks, each having a capacity of 600
GB. Two disks are configured as RAID1 and four disks are configured as RAID5. To
optimize the use of the disk space, you must reconfigure the RAID1 and RAID5
configurations on the Exalytics Machine. Reconfigure RAID1 so that it consists of two
virtual drives and RAID5 consists of the remaining drives.
To reconfigure existing RAID configurations on the X2-4 Exalytics Machine:
1.
Restart the Exalytics Machine using Integrated Lights Out Manager (ILOM).
2.
Press Ctrl+Y and enter RAID CLI (Command Line Interface) as the Exalytics
Machine is restarting.
The "Copyright LSI Logic Corporation" displays during the
restart sequence when it is possible to enter the RAID CLI. Observe
the screen carefully as the message displays for a very short time. This
avoids restarting the machine again.
Note:
3.
Enter the following MegaRAID command to delete the existing RAID
configuration:
# -CfgLdDel -LALL -a0
4.
Enter the following command to create a RAID1 partition with two virtual disks:
# -CfgLdAdd -r1[252:0, 252:1] WB Direct NoCachedBadBBU -a0
5.
Enter the following command to create a RAID5 partition with the remaining
disks:
# -CfgLdAdd -r5[252:2, 252:3, 252:4, 252:5] WB Direct NoCachedBadBBU
-a0
6.
In the left pane of the ILOM, expand Host Management, then select Power
Control. In the Select Action list, select Power Cycle, then click Save.
The Exalytics Machine restarts.
B.2.2 Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on an X3-4 Exalytics Machine
The X3-4 Exalytics Machine comprises 6 hard disks, each having a capacity of 900
GB.Two disks are configured as RAID1 and four disks are configured as RAID5. To
B-2 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configurations on the Exalytics Machine
optimize the use of the disk space, you must reconfigure the RAID1 and RAID5
configurations on the Exalytics Machine. Reconfigure RAID1 so that it consists of two
virtual drives and RAID5 consists of the remaining drives.
To reconfigure existing RAID configurations on the X3-4 Exalytics Machine:
1.
Restart the Exalytics Machine using Integrated Lights Out Manager (ILOM).
2.
Press Ctrl+Y and enter RAID CLI (Command Line Interface) as the Exalytics
Machine is restarting.
The "Copyright LSI Logic Corporation" displays during the
restart sequence when it is possible to enter the RAID CLI. Observe
the screen carefully as the message displays for a very short time. This
avoids restarting the machine again.
Note:
3.
Enter the following MegaRAID command to delete the existing RAID
configuration:
# -CfgLdDel -LALL -a0
4.
Enter the following command to create a RAID1 partition with two virtual disks
# -CfgLdAdd -r1[252:0, 252:1] WB Direct NoCachedBadBBU -a0
5.
Enter the following command to create a RAID5 partition with the remaining
disks:
# -CfgLdAdd -r5[252:2, 252:3, 252:4, 252:5] WB Direct NoCachedBadBBU
-a0
6.
In the left pane of the ILOM, expand Host Management, then select Power
Control. In the Select Action list, select Power Cycle, then click Save.
The Exalytics Machine restarts.
B.2.3 Reconfiguring Existing RAID Configuration on an X4-4 Exalytics Machine
The X4-4 Exalytics Machine comprises six hard disks, each having a capacity of 1.2 TB.
Two disks are configured as RAID1 and four disks are configured as RAID5. To
optimize the use of the disk space, you must reconfigure the RAID1 and RAID5
configurations on the Exalytics Machine. Reconfigure RAID1 so that it consists of two
virtual drives and RAID5 consists of the remaining drives.
To reconfigure existing RAID configurations on the X4-4 Exalytics Machine:
1.
Restart the Exalytics Machine using Integrated Lights Out Manager (ILOM).
2.
Press Ctrl+Y and enter RAID CLI (Command Line Interface) as the Exalytics
Machine is restarting.
The "Copyright LSI Logic Corporation" displays during the
restart sequence when it is possible to enter the RAID CLI. Observe
the screen carefully as the message displays for a very short time. This
avoids restarting the machine again.
Note:
3.
Enter the following MegaRAID command to delete the existing RAID
configuration:
# -CfgLdDel -LALL -a0
Reinstalling and Configuring the Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image (1.0.0.7) on an Exalytics Machine
B-3
Reinstalling Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image (1.0.0.7)
4.
Enter the following command to create a RAID1 partition with two virtual disks
# -CfgLdAdd -r1[252:0, 252:1] WB Direct NoCachedBadBBU -a0
5.
Enter the following command to create a RAID5 partition with the remaining
disks:
# -CfgLdAdd -r5[252:2, 252:3, 252:4, 252:5] WB Direct NoCachedBadBBU
-a0
6.
In the left pane of the ILOM, expand Host Management, then select Power
Control. In the Select Action list, select Power Cycle, then click Save.
The Exalytics Machine restarts.
B.3 Reinstalling Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image (1.0.0.7)
To install Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image (1.0.0.7) on the Exalytics Machine,
you must download the new image (ISO file) from edelivery.
Reinstalling the base image will delete all software and
configurations on the Exalytics Machine. It is therefore recommended
that you make a backup copy of all the essential files you need.
Note:
To reinstall Oracle Exalytics base image:
1.
Navigate to https://edelivery.oracle.com.
2.
In the Select a Product Pack list, select Oracle Business Intelligence.
3.
In the Platform list, select Linux X86-64.
4.
Click Go.
5.
Select Oracle Exalytics Software Media Pack for Linux x86-64, Release 1.0.0.5.
6.
Download V56223-01.iso (Oracle Exalytics X2-4/ X3-4/X4-4 Base Image 1.0.0.7 for
Linux x86-64).
7.
On the Exalytics Machine, connect and log on to Oracle Integrated Lights Out
Manager (ILOM).
8.
Depending on the Exalytics Machine configuration, link the base image ISO file to
a remote CD-ROM device in ILOM by performing one of the following actions:
■
■
9.
For X2-4 and X3-4 machines, from the menu bar, select Devices, then
CD-ROM Image to link the V56223-01.iso as a remote virtual CD-ROM in
ILOM.
For X4-4 machines, from the menu bar, select KVMS, then Storage. Click Add
to link to the V56223-01.iso as a remote virtual CD-ROM in ILOM. Click
Connect.
Restart the machine by expanding in the left pane of the ILOM, Host
Management, then select Power Control. In the Select Action list, select Power
Cycle, then click Save.
10. Set the next boot device to CD-ROM by performing the following step:
■
In the left pane of the ILOM, expand Host Management, then select Host
Control. In the Next Boot Device list, select CDROM, then click Save.
B-4 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Configuring Network on the Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image (1.0.0.7)
11. Restart the machine by expanding in the left pane of the ILOM, Host
Management, then select Power Control. In the Select Action list, select Power
Cycle, then click Save.
The Exalytics Machine restarts.
12. Press Enter to begin the installation.
The Exalytics Machine uses the Exalytics ISO image in the CD-ROM to install the
Exalytics Linux base image.
The installation process detects all the components of the Exalytics Machine,
formats the disk drives, and transfers the image to complete the installation.
After the base image is installed successfully, the installation
process automatically restarts the Exalytics Machine twice.
Note:
13. Confirm that the installation completes successfully, then deselect the CDROM in
ILOM.
14. Restart the machine by expanding in the left pane of the ILOM, Host
Management, then select Power Control. In the Select Action list, select Power
Cycle, then click Save.
15. The Exalytics Machine displays the login prompt.
16. Log in to the Exalytics Machine with the following user name and the default
password:
■
User Name: root
■
Password: changeme
The Exalytics Machine is now ready for network configuration.
17. Because the eth0 network in the /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 file is
set by default to ONBOOT=Yes, you must set the eth0 network to ONBOOT=NO
before you can configure network. To configure network on the Oracle Exalytics
Patchset Base Image, see Section B.4, "Configuring Network on the Oracle
Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image (1.0.0.7)."
B.4 Configuring Network on the Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image
(1.0.0.7)
To configure network on the Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image (1.0.0.7), you run
the Oracle Exalytics configuration script (exalytics-config-network.sh).
The Oracle Exalytics network script assigns machine time, time zone, machine name,
domain, and Domain Name Server (DNS) on the Exalytics Machine. Additionally, you
can use the network configuration script to configure Exalytics InfiniBand Interface,
Exalytics 10GbE Interface, and Exalytics 1GbE Interface.
Before you run the configuration script, ensure that a network
cable is connected to the Net0 port on the Exalytics Machine.
Note:
To configure network on the Oracle Exalytics Base Image:
1.
Log on as the root user.
Reinstalling and Configuring the Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image (1.0.0.7) on an Exalytics Machine
B-5
Postinstallation Steps
2.
Enter the following command to configure the network:
# /opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics-configure-network.sh
3.
When prompted by the Oracle Exalytics network script, depending on your
configuration requirements, perform the following tasks:
a.
Choose whether you want to configure InfiniBand for Exadata connection.
b.
Choose whether you want to configure 10G network.
c.
Choose whether you want to configure 1G network.
d.
Choose whether you want to configure bonding on eth0, eth1, eth2, or eth3.
e.
If you choose to configure bonding, enter and confirm the bond2 IP address.
f.
Enter and confirm the bond2 netmask address.
g.
Choose whether you want to configure host name.
h.
If you choose to configure host name, enter and confirm the name of the host.
i.
Enter and confirm the name of the domain name.
j.
Choose whether you want to configure timezone.
k.
Choose whether you want to configure time server.
l.
Choose whether you want to configure date and time.
m. Choose whether you want to configure DNS.
n.
If you choose to configure DNS, enter and confirm the DNS address.
o.
Choose whether you want to configure another DNS.
p.
Choose whether you want to commit changes.
If you choose to commit changes, the configuration script configures and enables
the network on the Exalytics Machine.
B.5 Postinstallation Steps
This section consists of the following topics:
■
Section B.5.1, "Resetting Root Password"
■
Section B.5.2, "Creating a Password on the Operating System"
■
Section B.5.3, "Granting User Permissions to the /u01 Directory"
■
Section B.5.4, "Verifying Configuration of the Exalytics Machine"
B.5.1 Resetting Root Password
The default root password for the Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image (1.0.0.7) is
"changeme".
After you have installed the Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image and configured the
network on the Exalytics Machine, you must change the root password.
To change the root password:
1.
Log in to the Exalytics Machine as root user.
2.
To change the password, enter the following command:
# passwd
B-6 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Postinstallation Steps
3.
Enter a new password.
4.
Confirm the password when prompted.
If the password change is successful, then the following message is displayed:
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.
[root]#
B.5.2 Creating a Password on the Operating System
For the Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image (1.0.0.7), a user named "oracle" and a
group named "oinstall" already exists. You next create a password for the user.
To create a password:
1.
Log in as the root user.
2.
To create a password, enter the following command:
# passwd oracle
3.
Enter the password.
4.
Confirm the password when prompted.
If the password is created successfully, then the following message is displayed:
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.
[root]#
To add a different user and group, enter the following
commands as root user:
Note:
groupadd <name of the group>
useradd -g <name of the group> <name of the user>
B.5.3 Granting User Permissions to the /u01 Directory
Ensure that the user installing the software has permissions to the /u01 drive.
If the user cannot write to the /u01 directory, then, as root user, enter the following
commands to change permissions:
chown <name of the user>:<name of the group> /u01
chmod 775 /u01
For example, if the user name is "oracle" and the user group is "oinstall", enter the
following commands:
chown oracle:oinstall /u01
chmod 775 /u01
B.5.4 Verifying Configuration of the Exalytics Machine
Before you install software on the Exalytics Machine, you must run configuration
scripts to verify the disk, software, and hardware configurations of the Exalytics
Machine.
This section consists of the following topics:
■
Section B.5.4.1, "Checking Disk Configuration"
Reinstalling and Configuring the Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image (1.0.0.7) on an Exalytics Machine
B-7
Postinstallation Steps
■
■
Section B.5.4.2, "Verifying Base Image Version"
Section B.5.4.3, "Verifying Software and Hardware Configurations on the Exalytics
Machine"
B.5.4.1 Checking Disk Configuration
Check the size of the /u01 disk on the Exalytics Machine. For the X2-4 Exalytics
Machine, the size of the disk is approximately 1.7 TB, for the X3-4 Exalytics Machine,
the size of the disk is approximately 2.4 TB, and for the X4-4 Exalytics Machine, the
size of the disk is approximately 3.5 TB.
To check disk configuration:
1.
Log in as root user.
2.
Enter the following command:
# df -h
Depending on the configuration of the Exalytics Machine, the following output is
displayed:
■
For the X2-4 Exalytics Machine, disk configuration similar to the following is
displayed:
Filesystem Size
447G
1.6T
99M
tmpfs
505G
Used Avail Use% Mounted on/dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol00
4.8G 420G
2% //dev/mapper/VolGroup01-LogVol00
197M 1.6T
1% /u01/dev/sdal
25M
70M
27% /boot
0 505G
0% /dev/shm
[root]#
■
For the X3-4 Exalytics Machine, disk configuration similar to the following is
displayed:
Filesystem
tmpfs
Size
718G
2.4T
99M
505G
Used Avail Use% Mounted on/dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol00
4.8G 676G
1% //dev/mapper/VolGroup01-LogVol00
203M 2.3T
1% /u01/dev/sdal
25M
70M
27% /boot
0 505G
0% /dev/shm
[root]#
■
For the X4-4 Exalytics Machine, disk configuration similar to the following is
displayed:
Filesystem
tmpfs
Size Used
989G
5.3G
3.2T 199M
99M
25M
1010G
0
Avail Use% Mounted on/dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol00
932G 1% //dev/mapper/VolGroup01-LogVol00
3.1T 1% /u01/dev/sda1
70M 27% /boot
1010G 0% /dev/shm
[root]#
B.5.4.2 Verifying Base Image Version
Next, confirm the base image on the Exalytics Machine.
To confirm the base image:
1.
Log in to the Exalytics Machine as root user.
2.
Enter the following command:
B-8 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
Postinstallation Steps
# /opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics_imageinfo
Output similar to the following is displayed:
Image version : 1.0.0.7
Creation timestamp : Day Date Month YEAR HOUR:MIN:SEC
Kernel Version: 2.6.39-400.128.17.el5uek x86_64
RPM versions:
kernel-uek-2.6.39-400.128.17.el5uek
kernel-2.6.39-308.24.1.0.1.el5
exalytics-container-bm-1.0.0.7-64
exalytics-scripts-1.0.0.7-110
exalytics-flash-1.0.0.7-90
exalytics-domain-configure-1.0.0.7-122
exalytics-deps-exact-1.0.0.7-64
exalytics-deps-minimum-1.0.0.7-64
Even though the build numbers may be different than the ones
listed above, ensure that the updated kernel version is the same as the
one displayed above.
Note:
B.5.4.3 Verifying Software and Hardware Configurations on the Exalytics Machine
Finally, verify the software and hardware configurations on the Exalytics Machine.
To verify software and hardware configurations:
1.
Log in to the Exalytics Machine as root user.
2.
To verify the software configuration, enter the following command:
# /opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics_CheckSWProfile
Verify that the output displayed is similar to the following:
[SUCCESS].......Has supported operating system
[SUCCESS]........Has supported processor
[SUCCESS]........Kernel is at the supported version
[SUCCESS]........Has supported kernel architecture
[SUCCESS]........Software is at the supported profile
3.
To verify the hardware configuration, enter the following command:
# /opt/exalytics/bin/exalytics_CheckHWnFWProfile
Verify that the output displayed for an X4-4 configuration is similar to the
following:
Verifying Hardware...
System product name: SUN SERVER X4-4
System product manufacturer: Oracle Corporation
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL]
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL]
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL]
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL]
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL]
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL]
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL]
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL]
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL]
System product SUN SERVER X4-4 is supported.
Oracle Exalytics Software 1.0.0.7.0
ILOM firmware update disabled for Oracle Exalytics
====START SERIAL NUMBERS====
==Motherboard==
System serial: 1415NM9003
Motherboard serial: 489089M+13500W008F
Chassis serial: 1415NM9003
Reinstalling and Configuring the Oracle Exalytics Patchset 5 Base Image (1.0.0.7) on an Exalytics Machine
B-9
Installing Software on the Exalytics Machine
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL] ==Infiniband HCA==
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL] ID: CX354A - ConnectX-3 QSFP
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL] PN: 7046442
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL] EC: XX
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL] SN: 465774U-1402700681
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL] V0: PCIe Gen3 x8
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL] V1: N/A
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL] YA: N/A
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL] ====END SERIAL NUMBERS====
[EXALYTICS_INFO:GENERAL]
ProcessorInformation:
Cores: 36
Processors: 72
Intel(R) Xeon(R) E7-8895 v2 2.80GHz
stepping : 7
Has supported CPU model
PhysicalMemory (GB) : 2068
Verifying BIOS Vendor...
BIOS Vendor: American Megatrends Inc.
BIOS is from the supported vendor
Verifying InfiniBand devices...
Has required number of Infiniband devices
Infiniband device id: d0:00.0
Infiniband device width: 8
Has supported disk controller LSI MegaRAID SAS 9261-8i
Verifying Firmware...
Supported BIOS Version: 16040102-04/18/2012
Current BIOS Version : 24030300-08/01/2014
BIOS is at the supported version
Supported ILOM Version: 3.1.2.24 r73820
Current ILOM Version : 3.2.4.18 r91569
ILOM is at the supported version.
Supported Infiniband Firmware Version: 2.7.8130
Current Infiniband Firmware Version : 2.11.1280
Infiniband Firmware is at the supported version.
Supported disk controller Version: 12.12.0-0048
Current disk controller Version : 12.12.0-0178
Disk controller is at the supported firmware version.
bios
ilom
ibfw
dcfw
:
:
:
:
1
1
1
1
B.6 Installing Software on the Exalytics Machine
Use the Oracle Exalytics Domain Management Utility to install software on the
Exalytics Machine. For information, see Section 4.3.3, "Installing the Software by Using
the Exalytics Domain Management Utility."
B-10 Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine Installation and Administration Guide for Linux
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