Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows User Guide

User's Guide
Acronis
True Image Server 8.0
for Windows
Compute with confidence
www.acronis.com
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2005. All rights reserved.
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END-USER LICENSE AGREEMENT
BY ACCEPTING, YOU (ORIGINAL PURCHASER) INDICATE YOUR ACCEPTANCE OF THESE
TERMS. IF YOU DO NOT WISH TO ACCEPT THE PRODUCT UNDER THESE TERMS YOU MAY
CHOOSE NOT TO ACCEPT BY SELECTING "I decline..." AND NOT INSTALLING THE
SOFTWARE.
The Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows (the Software) is Copyright © Acronis, Inc.,
2000-2005. All rights are reserved. The ORIGINAL PURCHASER is granted a LICENSE to use
the software only, subject to the following restrictions and limitations.
1. The license is to the original purchaser only, and is not transferable without prior written
Permission from Acronis.
2. The Original Purchaser may use the Software on a single computer owned or leased by
the Original Purchaser. You may not use the Software on more than a single machine
even if you own or lease all of them without the written consent of Acronis.
3. The Original Purchaser may not engage in, nor permit third parties to engage in, any of
the following:
A. Providing or permitting use of or disclosing the Software to third parties.
B. Providing use of the Software in a computer service business, network, timesharing or
multiple user arrangement to users who are not individually licensed by Acronis.
C. Making alterations or copies of any kind in the Software (except as specifically permitted
above).
D. Attempting to un-assemble, de-compile or reverse engineer the Software in any way.
E. Granting sublicenses, leases, or other rights in the Software to others.
F. Making copies, or verbal or media translations, of the users guide.
G. Making telecommunication data transmission of the software.
Acronis has the right to terminate this license if there is a violation of its terms or default by
the Original Purchaser. Upon termination for any reason, all copies of the Software must be
immediately returned to Acronis, and the Original Purchaser shall be liable to Acronis for any
and all damages suffered as a result of the violation or default.
ENTIRE RISK
THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE SOFTWARE IS WITH
YOU THE PURCHASER. ACRONIS DOES NOT WARRANT THAT THE SOFTWARE OR ITS
FUNCTIONS WILL MEET YOUR REQUIREMENTS OR THAT THE OPERATION OF THE
SOFTWARE WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR FREE OR THAT ANY DEFECTS WILL BE
CORRECTED. NO LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES - IN NO EVENT SHALL
ACRONIS OR ITS VENDORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER (INCLUDING,
WITHOUT LIMITATION, DAMAGES FOR THE LOSS OF BUSINESS PROFITS, BUSINESS
INTERRUPTION, LOSS OF BUSINESS INFORMATION, OR ANY OTHER PECUNIARY LOSS)
ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ACRONIS HAS
BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2005
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Contents
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................ 6
1.1 WHAT IS ACRONIS TRUE IMAGE SERVER 8.0 FOR WINDOWS .................................................................... 6
1.2 WHAT'S NEW IN ACRONIS TRUE IMAGE SERVER 8.0 FOR WINDOWS ......................................................... 7
1.3 WHAT IS A DISK IMAGE .............................................................................................................................. 7
1.4 SOFTWARE USAGE TERMS AND CONDITIONS .............................................................................................. 8
CHAPTER 2. INSTALLATION AND RUNNING ............................................................................................ 9
2.1 SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS ............................................................................................................................ 9
2.2 SUPPORTED OPERATING SYSTEMS .............................................................................................................. 9
2.3 ACRONIS TRUE IMAGE SERVER 8.0 FOR WINDOWS INSTALLATION ........................................................... 9
2.4 RUNNING ACRONIS TRUE IMAGE SERVER 8.0 FOR WINDOWS ................................................................. 10
2.5 REMOVING THE PROGRAM ....................................................................................................................... 10
CHAPTER 3. GENERAL PROGRAM INFORMATION.............................................................................. 11
3.1 MAIN PROGRAM WINDOW ........................................................................................................................ 11
3.2 ACRONIS SECURE ZONE .......................................................................................................................... 13
3.2.1
Creating Acronis Secure Zone ............................................................................................................ 14
3.2.2
Resizing Acronis Secure Zone ............................................................................................................ 15
3.2.3
Deleting the images in Acronis Secure Zone ...................................................................................... 16
3.2.4
Deleting Acronis Secure Zone ............................................................................................................ 17
3.3 ACRONIS STARTUP RECOVERY MANAGER .............................................................................................. 18
3.4 SUPPORTED FILE SYSTEMS ....................................................................................................................... 19
3.5 USING DYNAMIC DISKS AND VOLUMES .................................................................................................... 19
3.6 BACKING UP TO TAPE DRIVE .................................................................................................................... 20
CHAPTER 4. CREATING A PARTITION (DISK) IMAGE ......................................................................... 21
4.1 SELECTING PARTITIONS ........................................................................................................................... 21
4.2 SELECTING IMAGE LOCATION .................................................................................................................. 21
4.3 SELECTING IMAGE MODE ......................................................................................................................... 22
4.3.1
Creating an incremental image............................................................................................................ 23
4.4 SELECTING IMAGE FILE SIZE .................................................................................................................... 24
4.5 SELECTING DATA COMPRESSION LEVEL ................................................................................................... 25
4.6 PROTECTING IMAGES WITH PASSWORDS .................................................................................................. 26
4.7 PROVIDING COMMENTS ........................................................................................................................... 26
4.8 IMAGE CREATION SCRIPT ......................................................................................................................... 27
4.9 SELECTING IMAGE CREATION PRIORITY ................................................................................................... 28
4.10
OPERATION RESULTS NOTIFICATION .................................................................................................... 28
4.10.1
Email notification ............................................................................................................................ 28
4.10.2
WinPopup notification..................................................................................................................... 29
CHAPTER 5. RESTORING A DISK (PARTITION) FROM AN IMAGE................................................... 30
5.1 SELECTING AN IMAGE TO RESTORE FROM ................................................................................................ 30
5.2 CHECKING IMAGE INTEGRITY BEFORE RESTORATION .............................................................................. 31
5.3 SELECTING A PARTITION TO RESTORE ...................................................................................................... 32
5.4 SELECTING A LOCATION TO RESTORE TO ................................................................................................. 33
5.5 SELECTING PARTITION TYPE .................................................................................................................... 34
5.6 SELECTING A FILE SYSTEM ...................................................................................................................... 34
5.7 SELECTING RESTORED PARTITION SIZE .................................................................................................... 35
5.8 ASSIGNING A LETTER TO A PARTITION ..................................................................................................... 36
5.9 CHECKING FILE SYSTEM INTEGRITY ......................................................................................................... 37
5.10
RESTORING SEVERAL PARTITIONS AT ONCE ......................................................................................... 38
5.11
RESTORATION SCRIPT .......................................................................................................................... 38
CHAPTER 6. BROWSING AND RESTORING PARTICULAR FILES ..................................................... 40
6.1 CONNECTING A VIRTUAL DISK ................................................................................................................. 40
6.1.1
Selecting an image .............................................................................................................................. 40
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Contents
Selecting partitions to connect and letter assignment.......................................................................... 41
6.1.2
6.2 UNPLUGGING A VIRTUAL DISK ................................................................................................................. 42
CHAPTER 7. TRANSFERRING THE SYSTEM TO A NEW DISK............................................................ 43
7.1 GENERAL INFORMATION .......................................................................................................................... 43
7.2 SECURITY ................................................................................................................................................ 44
7.3 EXECUTING TRANSFERS ........................................................................................................................... 44
7.3.1
Selecting clone mode .......................................................................................................................... 44
7.3.2
Selecting source disk........................................................................................................................... 45
7.3.3
Selecting destination disk.................................................................................................................... 45
7.3.4
Partitioned destination disk ................................................................................................................. 46
7.3.5
Old and new disk partition layout ....................................................................................................... 46
7.3.6
Old disk data ....................................................................................................................................... 47
7.3.7
Destroying the old disk data................................................................................................................ 48
7.3.8
Selecting partition transfer method ..................................................................................................... 48
7.3.9
Partitioning the old disk ...................................................................................................................... 49
7.3.10
Old and new disk partition layouts .................................................................................................. 50
7.3.11
Cloning script .................................................................................................................................. 50
7.4 CLONING WITH MANUAL PARTITIONING .................................................................................................. 51
7.4.1
Old and new disk partition layouts...................................................................................................... 51
CHAPTER 8. ADDING A NEW HARD DISK ................................................................................................ 53
8.1 SELECTING A HARD DISK ......................................................................................................................... 53
8.2 CREATING NEW PARTITIONS .................................................................................................................... 53
8.3 DISK ADD SCRIPT ..................................................................................................................................... 54
CHAPTER 9. SCHEDULING ........................................................................................................................... 55
9.1 CREATING SCHEDULED TASKS ................................................................................................................. 55
9.1.1
Selecting partitions.............................................................................................................................. 55
9.1.2
Selecting task periodicity .................................................................................................................... 56
9.1.3
Setting up daily execution ................................................................................................................... 57
9.1.4
Setting up weekly execution ............................................................................................................... 58
9.1.5
Setting up monthly execution.............................................................................................................. 58
9.1.6
Setting up one time execution ............................................................................................................. 59
9.1.7
Entering user name.............................................................................................................................. 60
9.1.8
Task scheduled successfully................................................................................................................ 60
9.2 MANAGING SCHEDULED TASKS ............................................................................................................... 60
CHAPTER 10. COMMAND-LINE MODE AND SCRIPTING ..................................................................... 62
10.1
WORKING IN THE COMMAND-LINE MODE ............................................................................................. 62
10.1.1
Supported commands ...................................................................................................................... 62
10.1.2
ti_cons.exe usage examples ............................................................................................................. 69
10.1.3
Command-line mode usage under DOS .......................................................................................... 70
10.2
SCRIPTING ............................................................................................................................................ 70
10.2.1
Script execution parameters............................................................................................................. 70
10.2.2
Script structure................................................................................................................................. 71
10.2.3
Script usage examples ..................................................................................................................... 72
CHAPTER 11. OTHER OPERATIONS .......................................................................................................... 73
11.1
CHECKING IMAGES ............................................................................................................................... 73
11.1.1
Selecting image for checking........................................................................................................... 73
11.2
CREATING BOOTABLE MEDIA ............................................................................................................... 74
11.3
VIEWING LOGS ..................................................................................................................................... 74
CHAPTER 12. TROUBLESHOOTING ........................................................................................................... 76
12.1
RECOVERING ACRONIS TRUE IMAGE SERVER 8.0 FOR WINDOWS ........................................................ 76
12.2
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ......................................................................................................... 76
12.3
TECHNICAL SUPPORT ........................................................................................................................... 79
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2005
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Introduction
Chapter 1. Introduction
1.1
What is Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows creates the exact disk image of your
live server for complete backup providing the comprehensive and cost effective
server protection solution.
The disk image file includes all the server disk data including system, programs,
databases, configurations, preferences, updates, security patches, and the like.
After a fatal failure, you can restore the complete server drive contents to a known
working state or simply replace lost or corrupted files and folders.
Based on the exclusive Acronis Drive Snapshot technology, Acronis True Image
Server 8.0 for Windows creates live server disk image without shutting down a
server and interrupting server operations.
Fastest recovery
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows dramatically reduces your server
downtime. Unlike traditional file-by-file backup solutions, Acronis True Image Server
8.0 for Windows disk imaging approach provides you with the fastest, bare-metal
server recovery without time-consuming reinstallations, configurations and alike.
Rapid ROI
Is server downtime costing you thousands dollars an hour? Acronis True Image
Server 8.0 for Windows dramatically reduces IT costs by providing an easy, fast,
and reliable way to return your server to its original state in minutes or to restore
lost or damaged files and folders.
Disk cloning and new disk deployment
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows can be used to clone an image onto
multiple servers. For example, a company purchased several servers and needs the
similar environment on each of them. Traditionally, IT manager should install
operating system and programs on each of them. Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for
Windows, however, simplifies the process and saves the IT manager time, creating
a disk image of the first system deployed. That image can then be duplicated onto
multiple servers.
If you need to upgrade the server hard disk drive, Acronis True Image Server 8.0
for Windows simplifies the task to few mouse clicks creating the exact copy of your
old disk to a new one and adjusting partitions size to fit a new hard disk.
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2005
Introduction
1.2
What's new in Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows has the following new features:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1.3
Adjustment of a priority for image creation process;
Excluding paging/hibernate files from images thereby decreasing the image file
size;
Partition/disk image integrity check before restoration;
Email or WinPopup notification when backup is finished;
Logs viewing;
Two boot disk variants: complete and safe;
Improved interface and performance;
Console mode;
JFS and XFS file systems support (except partition resizing feature).
What is a disk image
A disk (partition) image is a file that contains a copy of all information stored on a
disk. The image stores all the server data, including operating system, databases, all
programs, data and settings.
By backing up your information regularly, you will completely protect yourself from
data losses in case of system failures and even server malfunctions.
To restore your system after a failure, you simply use a previously created image.
By default, Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows image files have “.tib”
extension and can contain images of several partitions or disks.
Images of large partitions or several disks could be sizeable. In that case, an
image can be split into several files that together make the original image. A
single image can also be split for burning to removable media.
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows can create incremental images.
An incremental image contains only data from those hard disk sectors that changed
after the previous disk image (full or incremental) was created. Thus such an image
is significantly smaller and takes less time to create than a full image. However, as it
does not contain all the necessary information about disks (partitions), it requires all
the previous incremental images and the initial complete image for restoration.
You can create incremental images frequently, as they need less space than
complete ones and take less time to create.
An incremental image created after a disk is defragmented might be considerably larger than
usual. This is because the defragmentation program changes file locations on disk and
incremental images reflect these changes.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2005
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Introduction
An incremental image set enables you to restore a disk to any of the states stored
in these images. Having created a complete image once and then creating an
incremental image each day of a month, you will get the same result as if you
created complete images every day. But the cost in time and disk space will be as
little as one tenth as much.
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows stores only those hard disk parts that contain
data (for supported partition types). This reduces image size and speeds up image creation
and restoration.
A partition image includes all files and folders independently of their attributes (including
hidden and system files), boot record, FAT, and Root.
A disk image includes images of all disk partitions as well as the zero track with Master Boot
Record (MBR).
1.4
Software usage terms and conditions
The conditions for Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows software usage are
described in the «License agreement» (page 3 of this guide). The unique
registration number is the confirmation of your legal purchase and use of Acronis
True Image Server 8.0 for Windows on your system.
Under current legislation, the «License Agreement» is considered a contract
between you and Acronis Inc. The contract is a legal document and its violation may
result in legal action.
Illegal use and/or distribution of this software will be prosecuted.
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2005
Installation and running
Chapter 2. Installation and running
2.1
System requirements
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows requires the following hardware:
• Pentium CPU or higher
• 128 MB RAM
• floppy disk drive or CD-RW drive for bootable media creating
• mouse (recommended)
2.2
Supported operating systems
• Windows Windows NT 4.0 Server SP6
• Windows 2000 Server
• Windows 2000 Advanced server
• Windows 2003 Server
2.3
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows installation
To install the Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows:
1. Insert the installation CD into your drive and start the installation procedure.
2. Follow the instructions on the screen.
3. After making your installation choices and copying of Acronis True Image Server
8.0 for Windows files onto your hard disk, you will be prompted to create a
bootable diskette or CD-R/RW (you can omit this step if you have purchased the
boxed product that contains a bootable CD). While Acronis True Image Server
8.0 for Windows creates disk images in Windows, it might be necessary to run
restoration procedure from a bootable disk. Therefore, it is strongly
recommended that you create one. However, you can do that after the
installation as well.
After installation of Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows is completed, you
should restart your server.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2005
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Installation and running
When installed, Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows creates a new device in the
Device Manager list (Control Panel → System → Hardware → Device Manager →
Acronis Devices → Acronis TrueImage Backup Archive Explorer). Do not disable or
uninstall this device, as it is necessary for connecting images as virtual disks (see Chapter 6
“Browsing and restoring particular files” of this manual).
You can also install Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows unattendedly using
command line or Run box in the Start menu. To do this:
ƒ
type in a command line or in Run box a command:
<setup file> /silent /serial = "AAAAA-BBBBB-CCCCC-DDDDD-EEEEE"
where AAAAA-BBBBB-CCCCC-DDDDD-EEEEE is a serial number of your personal
copy of Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows.
2.4
Running Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows
In normal mode, you can run Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows from
Windows by selecting Acronis → TrueImage → Acronis True Image Server
8.0 for Windows from Start → Programs. This will bring the program window on
the screen.
If your operating system does not load for some reason, you can run Acronis
Startup Recovery Manager. However, this must be activated prior to use; see
"Acronis Startup Recovery Manager" to learn more about this procedure. To run the
program, press F11 during server bootup, when you see a message that tells you to
press that key. Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows will be run in the
standalone mode, allowing you to restore previously created images or an image
from the Acronis Secure Zone.
If your disk data is totally corrupted and you can not boot (or if you have not
activated Acronis Startup Recovery Manager), you should use the bootable media
supplied with the retail box version or created during the installation procedure. It
will automatically load Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows allowing you to
recover the damaged partitions.
2.5
Removing the program
To remove Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows from your server, select
Acronis → True Image → Uninstall Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for
Windows in the Programs menu. You will see a dialog to confirm the program
removal. Click Yes to confirm and Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows will
be completely removed.
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2005
General program information
Chapter 3. General program information
3.1
Main program window
The main program window contains the menu, the toolbar, the sidebar and the
main area. The main area contains operation icons, the sidebar features
Operations, Tools and Details panels.
The main program window
Most of the operations are represented two or even three times in different window
areas, providing several ways of their selection for more convenience.
Having selected an operation by clicking it, you can run it as follows: by doubleclicking its icon, by selecting Start now in the Operations menu, by selecting the
operation in the Operations window, or by clicking Start now on the toolbar.
The main window contains operation icons divided into three groups.
The Disk Imaging group contains disk image operations:
• Create Image – create a disk (partition) image.
• Restore Image – restore a disk (partition) from a previously created image.
• Explore Image – connect an image as a virtual drive.
• Unplug Image – disconnect the connected virtual drive.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2005
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General program information
The New Disk Deployment group includes operations required when a new disk
drive is installed:
• Disk Clone – transfer the operating system, applications and data from the old
disk to the new one.
• Add New Disk – add a disk for data storage, leaving the operating system and
applications on the old one.
The Tasks group initially contains only one operation:
• Schedule Task – create a scheduled disk (partition) image creation task with
specified time or periodicity.
After a scheduled task is created its icon is added to the group. The total number of
group icons depends on the amount of scheduled operations.
Program menu
The program menu line contains the Operations, View, Tools, and Help items.
The Operations menu changes when either an operation icon, or scheduled task is
selected. In the first case the menu contains only Start Now to execute the
selected operation. For information on managing scheduled tasks, see Chapter 9.
• Delete – deletes selected operation. Appears only when a scheduled task is
selected.
The View menu contains items for managing the program window look:
• Toolbars – contains commands that control toolbar icons.
• Common Task Bar – enables/disables common task panel in the left area.
• Status Bar – enables/disables the status bar.
• Refresh – refreshes the main program window.
The Tools menu contains the following items:
• Manage Acronis Secure Zone – creates a special hidden partition for storing
disk (partition) images.
• Activate Acronis Startup Recovery Manager – activates the boot restoration
manager.
• Check Image – runs disk (partition) integrity checking procedure.
• Create Bootable Rescue Media – runs the bootable media creation
procedure.
• Show Log – opens a window with logs.
• Options – font and email/Winpopup notification settings.
The Help menu is used to invoke help and information about Acronis True Image
Server 8.0 for Windows.
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2005
General program information
Status bar
In the bottom of the main window there is a status bar divided into two parts. The
left part briefly describes the selected operation; the right one indicates image
operations progress and results.
A double-click on the operation progress line opens the operation progress window.
If you double-click on the operation results, you will see the logs window (see
"Viewing logs").
Taskbar notification area icon
During image creation operations a special indicator icon appears in the notification
area (right part of the taskbar with the clocks). If you hover the cursor over it, you
will see a tooltip indicating operation progress. This icon doesn’t depend on if the
main program window is opened. It’s present for background execution of
scheduled tasks as well.
Disk and partition information
You can change disk schemes and data representation in all schemes you see in
various wizards.
To the right are three icons: Arrange Icons by, Choose Details and i (Display
the properties of the selected item), the last duplicated in the context menu
invoked by right-clicking objects.
To sort messages by a particular column, click its header (another click will switch
order to the opposite) or Arrange Icons by button and select the column.
To select columns to view right-click the headers line or left-click the Choose
Details button. Then flag the columns you want to display.
If you click the i (Display the properties of the selected item) button, you will
see the selected partition or disk properties window.
This window contains two panels. The left one contains the properties tree, and the
right describes the selected property in detail. The disk information includes its
physical parameters (connection type, device type, size, etc.); partition information
includes both physical (sectors, location, etc.), and logical (file system, free space,
assigned letter, etc.) parameters.
You can change columns width by dragging their borders with mouse.
3.2
Acronis Secure Zone
Acronis Secure Zone is a special hidden partition for storing disk and partition
images. Usual applications can’t access it for image security purposes.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2005
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General program information
If you create an Acronis Secure Zone, it will be listed along with all partitions
available for image creation and restoration.
The Acronis Secure Zone is primarily meant to be used with Acronis Startup
Recovery Manager (see below). It is always available for image creation as long as
it has space for it. If there’s not enough space, older images will be deleted to
provide enough space.
This means you can automatically create disk images easily on a schedule (see
Chapter 9), and you won’t be bothered by zone overflow issues.
The Acronis Secure Zone can still be filled completely when creating incremental images. This
happens because the program can't delete the first (full) image, since it might be required for
restoration. Thus, you should periodically check zone free space, when creating incremental
images, to increase it, if necessary, or re-create the basic full image.
Acronis Secure Zone can be located on any local disk. It’s created at the expense of
the unallocated space, if it’s available, or at the expense of partitions free space. A
server can have only one Acronis Secure Zone. To create it on another disk, you
must first delete the existing zone.
When you click Manage Acronis Secure Zone in the menu, the program searches
for such zone on all local drives. If a zone is found, the wizard will offer you to
delete or resize it. If such zone is absent, you’ll be prompted to create it.
Before you create the Acronis Secure Zone, estimate its size. To do this, start image
creation and select disks and partitions to image into the Zone. At the compression
level stage you will see estimated image size. Multiply this by about 1.5 to
compensate possible inaccuracy of estimation. If you plan to install additional
applications or create incremental images, increase the zone size.
3.2.1
Creating Acronis Secure Zone
If there are several disks installed, select one on which to create Acronis Secure
Zone.
Select partitions, from which space will be used to create Acronis Secure Zone.
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2005
General program information
Select the partitions to give space for Acronis Secure Zone
In the next window, enter the size of the zone or drag the slider.
After this, you will be prompted to activate Acronis Recovery Manager, to be able to
start Acronis True Image at boot time by pressing F11 key. Alternatively, you can
activate this feature later from main program window.
After you click Proceed, Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows will start
creating the Acronis Secure Zone. Progress will be reflected in the special window.
If necessary, you can stop zone creation by clicking Cancel. However, the script will
be cancelled only after the current operation is finished.
Acronis Secure Zone creation might take several minutes or more. Please, wait until
the whole procedure is finished.
3.2.2
Resizing Acronis Secure Zone
When prompted by the wizard, select Manage Acronis Secure Zone.
Select to increase or decrease the Acronis Secure Zone. You might need to increase
it to provide more space for images. The opposite situation might arise if either
partition lacks free space.
After this, select partitions, from which free space will be used to increase Acronis
Secure Zone or that will receive free space after the zone is reduced.
In the next window, enter the new size of the zone or drag the slider.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2005
15
General program information
Set the new size for Acronis Secure Zone.
Then you will see an Acronis Secure Zone resize script containing a list of briefly
described operations to be performed on partitions (disks).
After you click Proceed, Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows will start
resizing the zone. Progress will be reflected in the special window. If necessary, you
can stop zone creation by clicking Cancel. However, the script will be cancelled
only after the current operation is finished.
Secure zone resizing might take several minutes or more. Please wait until the
whole procedure is finished.
3.2.3
Deleting the images in Acronis Secure Zone
The images saved to Acronis Secure Zone are deleted automatically if required.
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows uses the following scheme to clean up
Acronis Secure Zone:
• If there is not enough free space in Acronis Secure Zone to create an image,
then Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows deletes the most old full image
with all subsequent incremental backup images.
• If there is only one full image (with subsequent incremental backup images) left
and full backup is in progress, then this only full image (with subsequent
incremental backup images) is deleted.
• Otherwise (only one full image left, and incremental backup is in progress) then
you will get a message about space error. In this case you will have to either
create full image or increase the Acronis Secure Zone size.
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2005
General program information
You can always check how much free space left in Acronis Secure Zone on the
second page of the Manage Acronis Secure Zone wizard.
3.2.4
Deleting Acronis Secure Zone
When you are prompted by the wizard, select Remove Acronis Secure Zone.
Select partitions to which you want to add the space freed from Acronis Secure
Zone.
In the next window, you will see an Acronis Secure Zone deletion script containing a list
of briefly described operations to be performed on partitions (disks).
After you click Proceed Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows will start
deleting the Acronis Secure Zone. Progress will be reflected in the special window. If
necessary, you can stop zone creation by clicking Cancel. However, the script will
be cancelled only after the current operation is finished.
Acronis Secure Zone deletion might take several minutes or more. Please wait until
the whole procedure is finished.
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General program information
Acronis Secure Zone deletion will automatically disable Acronis Startup Recovery Manager if it
is activated and destroy all images stored in the zone.
Acronis Secure Zone can be located on basic disks only. (A basic disk is a physical disk
without any dynamic disks.) If a server has only dynamic disks, you will not be able to create
the Acronis Secure Zone.
To run Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows in standalone mode and quickly restore
system partitions from images, we recommend that you install the system to a basic disk,
creating the Acronis Secure Zone on the same or another disk that does not contain dynamic
disks.
Upgrading a disk with an Acronis Secure Zone from basic to dynamic will prevent access to
the Acronis Secure Zone and disable the Acronis Startup Recovery Manager. Therefore, we
suggest that you delete the Acronis Secure Zone before performing such an operation.
3.3
Acronis Startup Recovery Manager
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows provides Acronis Startup Recovery
Manager that enables to run the program without loading the operating system.
This feature is useful if Windows won’t load for some reason. Using it, you can run
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows by itself to restore damaged partitions
from images.
To use Acronis Startup Recovery Manager (it must be activated), turn on your
server and press F11, when you see the "Press F11 for Acronis Startup Recovery
Manager" message. This will run a standalone version of Acronis True Image Server
8.0 for Windows that only slightly differs from the Windows version. For information
on restoring damaged partitions see Chapter 5.
Be careful! Disk letters in standalone Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows might
sometimes differ from Windows notation.
To activate Acronis Startup Recovery Manager, click Activate Acronis Startup
Recovery Manager.
Acronis Startup Recovery Manager cannot be activated if Acronis Secure Zone is
missing on the hard disk. If you have not created this Zone before, you will be
prompted to do it (see section 3.2.1 above), then Acronis Startup Recovery Manager
will be activated. Otherwise, Acronis Startup Recovery Manager will be activated
immediately.
When Acronis Startup Recovery Manager is activated it overwrites the Master Boot Record
(MBR) with its own boot code. If you have any third party boot managers installed, then you
will have to reactivate them after activating the Startup Recovery Manager. For Linux loaders
(e.g. LiLo and GRUB) you might consider installing them to a Linux root (or boot) partition
boot record instead of MBR before activating Acronis Startup Recovery Manager.
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General program information
3.4
Supported file systems
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows supports the following file systems:
• FAT16/32
• NTFS
• Ext2/Ext3
• ReiserFS
• Linux SWAP
• XFS
• JFS
If a file system is not supported or is corrupted, Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for
Windows can copy data using a sector-by-sector approach.
For XFS and JFS file systems partition resizing feature is not supported.
3.5
Using dynamic disks and volumes
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows works with dynamic disk images as
easy as with basic disk images under Windows. However, as dynamic disks are
organized differently than basic, physical disk drives, there are several issues that
will impact how you store an image.
You can not create an image of the entire dynamic disk, but only of one or more
dynamic volumes. This is because a dynamic volume is located on several dynamic
disks, so a partial backup would not create a usable image.
The current version of the software is not capable of changing the size and file
system of an image being restored to a dynamic volume. However, this is possible
when you restore a dynamic volume to a basic disk partition.
When you create a dynamic volume image, its type information (simple, mirror, and
the like) is lost, so the restoration is performed independently. In each case, the
program stores and restores volume contents only.
If a basic disk image is restored to a dynamic disk, it will destroy the dynamic disk’s
contents. As a result, you will end up with a basic disk.
You can also create and restore an image of a system partition stored on a dynamic
disk.
If Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows runs from Bootable Rescue media, dynamic
disks will be not accessible. To be able to restore a system partition, you must keep its image
on a basic, network, or removable disk.
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General program information
3.6
Backing up to tape drive
The current version of Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows supports SCSI
tape drives. It can store images on and restore them from tape, store large images
to multiple tapes, and append incremental images on to a tape with the existing
images.
If you have a SCSI tape drive connected to your server, the list of devices available
for image storage and restoration will be extended with a name corresponding to
the drive type.
Images are created on and restored from tapes in the same way as from other
devices, with the following exceptions.
1. If you are to use data tapes previously used by other programs, their contents
will be cleared
2. A new, full image can be stored on an empty tape only. If you use tapes that
already contain data, their contents will be cleared and overwritten
3. Incremental images can be appended to the tape containing the previous image,
either full, or incremental
4. You don't have to provide a filename to store an image on or restore it from a
tape
You might experience short pauses that are required to rewind the tape.
Low-quality or old tape, as well as dirt on the magnetic head, might lead to pauses that can
last up to several minutes long.
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Creating a partition (disk) image
Chapter 4. Creating a partition (disk) image
Disk (partition) image creation means backing up data stored on your server.
Having these images you can restore your server after failures and protect yourself
from hard disk data losses.
4.1
Selecting partitions
In the Select partitions to image window, you will see the hard disk layout of your
server. Flag a partition to select it. Flag a whole disk to select all its partitions. You
can select one or more hard disks or any combination of partitions and hard disks.
Disk and partition layout
Having selected partitions and/or disks, click Next. Note that this button will be
disabled until at least one partition or disk is selected.
4.2
Selecting image location
Specify image file location on a storage device:
• Acronis Secure Zone (see "Acronis Secure Zone")
• Hard disk
• Network disk
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Creating a partition (disk) image
• Removable media drive, including tapes, CD-R/RW, DVD+R/RW, DVD-RW,
Iomega Zip, Iomega Jaz, magneto-optical drives and so on.
To burn images to DVD, you should have DVD UDF recording software installed, for example:
Roxio DirectCD, Ahead InCD and other the same.
Image location selection
In the drive tree, select a place to locate an image and enter its name in the File
name field.
You can store several partitions and/or disks in a single file, but you can't append images to
a file.
The program can generate an unique filename. Just click Generate file name for a new
file button at the right.
You can create a disk (partition) image on the same disk (partition), if there is
enough space for it, but do not leave it there. Better burn images to removable
media, such as a CD, DVD or Zip disks, move to another hard disk or a network
drive. The only reason to place an image on the same disk (partition) is creating a
local, secondary image, used to restore damaged files. Remember, if your disk
becomes physically damaged, an image stored on the same disk will be inaccessible.
4.3
Selecting image mode
At this point, you must decide if you need to create a complete or incremental
partition (disk) image.
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Creating a partition (disk) image
Image mode selection
A full image contains all hard disk data, so it takes a lot of space.
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows does not include swap file information
(win386.swp under Windows 98/Me and pagefile.sys under Windows NT/2000/XP), or
hiberfil.sys (a file that keeps RAM contents when the computer goes into hibernation). This
considerably reduces the image size and increases the speed of creating the image.
An incremental image contains data only from sectors that changed after the
previous full or incremental image was created, so it is usually smaller and takes
less time to create.
Therefore, if you create the first disk (partition) image, you should select the
complete mode. If you already have a full image, it is recommended that you create
incremental images.
If you have defragmented your hard disk since the last full image, an incremental image
could be as large as the full image.
Therefore we recommend you to make a defragmentation of a hard disk before the full
image of the given disk will be created.
4.3.1
Creating an incremental image
To create an incremental disk/partition image, choose your original full disk image
file in the directory tree of Image Archive Creation window and press Next
button.
If you already created the incremental backup, choose the last incremental
disk/partition image in the directory tree.
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Creating a partition (disk) image
If image archive is stored on the removable media, e.g. CD, insert the last CD and
then follow instructions of the Create Image Wizard.
(Having a policy for creating full and incremental images is recommended. For
example, you might consider creating a full image monthly and incremental images
weekly.)
If all image files are stored together, if doesn't matter which one you select, as the
program will recognize them as a single image. If you stored these files on several
removable discs, you must provide the latest image file, otherwise, restoration
problems might occur.
4.4
Selecting image file size
At this step you can specify if the program should create a single file or split it into
equal smaller images.
If you select Automatic, Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows will try to
decide this for every particular case. If there's enough space on the selected disk,
the program will create a single image file.
If there's not enough space, Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows will warn
you and wait for your decision. You can try to free some additional space and
continue or stop Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows , free some space and
re-execute the procedure.
Image file size selection
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Creating a partition (disk) image
If You work with removable media, the size of a file of an image is set automatically only.
FAT16 and FAT32 file systems have a limit for maximum file sizes. In particular, FAT16 limit
is 2Gb, FAT32 limit – 4Gb. FAT32 is currently the most popular end user file system. At the
same time, existing hard drives have capacities of 160Gb and above! Therefore, an image file
might easily exceed this limit. In this case Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows will
automatically split image into several files.
If you need to create an image automatically on CD-R/RW, DVD-RW or DVD+R/RW
media or a tape, Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows will ask you to insert a
new disc (tape), when the previous is full.
You can also fix image file size by selecting Fixed size and entering the desired
size or selecting it from the drop-down list. By default, the value is in bytes, but you
can also use kilobytes and megabytes by adding needed units.
You can also split the image file into several volumes, when storing it on a hard drive. Later
you will be able to easily transfer these files onto CD-R/RW, DVD-R/RW or DVD+R/RW discs.
Creating images directly on CD-R/RW, DVD-RW or DVD+R/RW might take considerably
longer time then it would on a hard disk.
4.5
Selecting data compression level
Now select the data compression level for image to be created.
If you select None, all data will be transferred into an image file as they are,
increasing the image size. Maximum compression might prolong image creation.
Image data compression level selection
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Creating a partition (disk) image
The optimal data compression level depends on disk (partition) files types and can
only be understood empirically.
Usually, it is recommended to leave the switch in the Normal position. If you need
to burn image to removable media, you can select Maximum compression.
4.6
Protecting images with passwords
An archive file with a partition (disk) image can be protected with a password. To
protect a partition (disk) from being restored by anybody except you, enter a
password and its confirmation into the text fields of the wizard page Image
Archive Protection. A password should consist of at least eight symbols and
contain both letters (in the upper and lower cases preferably) and numbers to make
it more difficult to guess.
Image password protection
If you try to restore data from a password-protected image, Acronis True Image
Server 8.0 for Windows will ask for the password in a special window, allowing
access only to authorized users.
4.7
Providing comments
On the Image Archive Comments wizard page, you’ll be able to provide an archive
file with comments about the server and its user, the hard disk, partition data,
image creation time, and any peculiarities and conditions.
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Creating a partition (disk) image
An image comment
The more details you provide in the comments, the better. If you don’t provide
comments, you might mistake images and restore the wrong system partition,
for example.
4.8
Image creation script
In the next window, you will see a disk(s) image creation script that will list all
operations to be performed, along with their brief descriptions.
Image creation script
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Creating a partition (disk) image
All operations of a partition (disk) image creation in an archive file are delayed in
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows. A partition (disk) image creation script
is created first, and then it’s executed.
After you click Proceed, Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows will start
creating an image indicating the progress in the special window. You can stop this
procedure by clicking Cancel.
You can also close the progress window by clicking Close. Image creation will
continue, but you will be able to start another operation or close the main program
window. In the latter case, the program will continue working in the background
and will automatically close once the image is ready. If you prepare some more
image creation operations, they'll be queued after the current one.
Icons of the current and queued operations will be shown in the bottom of the main
program window in due time.
If you are to burn an image to removable media, be sure to enumerate them, as you will
have to insert them in order during the restoration.
4.9
Selecting image creation priority
After image creation is started, an icon appears in the System Tray (see section 3.1
of this Guide).
Clicking this indicator you invoke the menu of image creation priority selection:
Low, Normal or High.
Normal is selected by default.
4.10
Operation results notification
Sometimes the backup procedure can require 30 minutes or more. Acronis True
Image Server 8.0 for Windows can notify you when it’s finished by using the
WinPopup service or by sending you an email.
4.10.1
Email notification
To set up Email notification, enable the respective parameter in Tools → Options
→ Notification → E-mail:
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Creating a partition (disk) image
At that point you will need to provide the email address to which you want the
notification, as well as the outgoing SMTP server name. Your user name and
password might also be needed if the SMTP server requires authentication.
4.10.2
WinPopup notification
To set up the WinPopup notification, enable the respective parameter in Tools →
Options → Notification → WinPopup:
At that point you will need to provide the network name of the PC to which you
want the notification sent.
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Restoring a disk (partition) from an image
Chapter 5. Restoring a disk (partition) from
an image
As mentioned above (see "Running Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows "),
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows can be run in several ways. However,
disk restoration is always performed just one way.
We recommend that you restore disks using Windows, only using other methods if
Windows doesn’t load.
The boot disk (e.g. a CD) from which you loaded the program does not keep you
from using other CDs with images. Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows is
loaded entirely into RAM, so you can remove the bootable CD to insert an image
disk.
To restore a partition (disk) from an image, Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for
Windows must obtain exclusive access to this partition (disk). This means no other
applications can access it at that time. If you receive a message stating the partition
(disk) can not be blocked, close applications that use this partition (disk) and start
over. If you can not determine which applications use the partition (disk), close
them all.
5.1
Selecting an image to restore from
Find and select file containing an image of the required partition. The File Name
field will reflect its name and the Next will become available. If this image is
located in Acronis Secure Zone, select it to select the image on the next step.
Image selection for restoration
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Restoring a disk (partition) from an image
If you are to restore an image from removable media, e.g. CD, first insert the last CD and
then follow instructions of the Restore Image Wizard.
If you provided a comment to the image, it will help you know if you selected the
right image to restore. The comment is displayed in the right part of the window.
Note that the comment can be seen without entering a password for a protected
image. However, the contents of such an image will still require a password.
If an image was protected with a password, Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for
Windows will ask for it. The Next button will be disabled until you enter the correct
password.
If you are to restore a disk (partition) from an incremental image, Acronis True
Image Server 8.0 for Windows will suggest you to select one of successive
incremental files by date/time of its creation. Thus, you can return the disk
(partition) state to a certain moment, often called “a point of restore”.
Image Date Selection
To restore data from an incremental image, you must have all previous incremental images
and the initial full image. If any of successive images is missing, restoration is impossible.
5.2
Checking image integrity before restoration
Before an image is restored, Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows can check
its integrity.
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Restoring a disk (partition) from an image
To do this, flag Yes, I want to verify the image archive on the Verify Archive
Before the Restoring page of the image restoration wizard.
Checking image integrity before restoration
This is disabled by default in Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows.
5.3
Selecting a partition to restore
A single file might contain images of several partitions or even disks, as shown in
the figure below.
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Restoring a disk (partition) from an image
Select a partition to restore
During a single session you can restore several partitions or disks, one by one by
selecting one disk and setting its parameters first and then repeating these actions
for every partition or disk to be restored.
Select the necessary partition and click Next.
5.4
Selecting a location to restore to
As a rule you should restore image to the same partition that the image was created
from.
You can restore an image to another partition, but this is needed rather seldom. At
that a partition should be of at least the same size as uncompressed image data.
If you don’t have a special reason to restore an image to another partition, restore
it only to partition that was used to create the image.
Select partition to restore image to
All the data stored on the restored partition will be replaced by the image data, so be careful
and watch for non-backed up data that you might need.
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Restoring a disk (partition) from an image
5.5
Selecting partition type
When restoring a partition you can change its type though it’s not required in most
cases.
To explain why you might need to do this, let’s imagine that both OS, and data
were stored on the same primary partition on the damaged disk. You are forced to
restore the partition from a backup to another hard disk with its own partitions and
OS.
Select partition type
If you need only the data, you don't have to create another primary partition. In
this case, you can restore the partition as logical to access the data only.
But if you are to restore a system partition, you should select the Primary type for
it. Finally, if you want to load operating system from it, select Active as well.
Selecting Active for a partition without an installed operating system might prevent your
server from booting.
5.6
Selecting a file system
Though it is seldom required to change a partition file system, you can change it
during its restoration. For partitions with FAT native file systems you can choose
between FAT16 and FAT32. For partitions with Ext native file systems you can
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Restoring a disk (partition) from an image
choose between Ext2 and Ext3. For partitions with other native file systems this
option is not available.
Select a file system
Let’s imagine you are to restore a partition from an old, low-capacity FAT16 disk to
a newer disk. FAT16 wouldn’t be effective and might even be impossible to set on
the high-capacity hard disk. That’s because FAT16 supports partitions up to 4 GB,
so you won’t be able to restore a 4 GB FAT16 partition to a partition that exceeds
that threshold without changing the file system.
It would make sense here to change the file system from FAT16 to FAT32 by setting
the appropriate switch.
But you must also have in mind that not all operating systems support FAT32.
Windows 4.x doesn’t support FAT32 and won't be operable after you restore a
partition and change its file system. These can be normally restored on a FAT16
partition only.
However, you can easily convert a FAT16 partition with newer OS into FAT32.
5.7
Selecting restored partition size
In some cases you might need to change partition configuration and size during the
restoration. Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows is flexible enough to do
this.
You can resize and relocate partition by dragging it or its borders with mouse or by
entering corresponding values into the appropriate fields.
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Restoring a disk (partition) from an image
Select partition size and location
You might need to resize and relocate a partition to redistribute the disk space between
existing partitions. In this case you will have to restore the partition to be reduced first.
These changes might be useful if you are to copy your hard disk to a new high-capacity one
by creating its image and restoring it to a new disk with larger partitions. This way of cloning
is used if it is impossible to connect the second hard disk to the server (for more details
about cloning see 7.1).
5.8
Assigning a letter to a partition
Windows utilizes letters of Roman alphabet to identify disks and partitions
automatically assigning them letters at loading.
Under Windows NT SP6/2000/XP, OS Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows
enables you to assign any unused letter a restored partition (logical disk). To do
this, select Yes, I want to assign a logical drive letter to restored partition.
If you don’t set this switch, no letters will be assigned to the restored partition,
hiding from OS.
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Restoring a disk (partition) from an image
Assign any unused letter to a partition
You should not assign letters to partitions inaccessible to Windows, i.e. to those
other than FAT and NTFS.
5.9
Checking file system integrity
Having restored a disk/partition from an image under Windows NT SP6/2000/XP,
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows can check the integrity of its file
system.
To do this, flag Yes, I want to check file system after the restoring on the
Check File System After the Restoring page of the image restoration wizard.
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Restoring a disk (partition) from an image
Checking file system integrity after restoration
This is disabled by default in Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows.
Only FAT16/32 and NTFS file systems integrity can be checked.
5.10
Restoring several partitions at once
You can restore several partitions during a single session. To do this select Yes, I
want to restore another partition or hard disk drive in the Next Selection
window and click Next.
You can restore another partition during this operation
After this you will see partition selection window again and will have to repeat the
actions mentioned above.
If you want to restore only one disk (partition) or have already selected all of the
partitions you need, don’t set this switch and click Next.
5.11
Restoration script
In the next window, you will see disk(s) or partition(s) image restoration script
containing a list of operations to be performed.
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Restoring a disk (partition) from an image
Restoration script
After you click Proceed, Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows will start
image restoration indicating the progress in the special window. If you click Cancel,
no changes will be made to disk(s).
You can also stop the procedure by clicking Cancel. However, it is critical to note
that the partition that should have been restored from the image will be deleted and
its space unallocated – the same result you will get if the restoration is
unsuccessful. To recover the “lost” partition, you will have to restore it from the
image again.
After the restoration is finished you will see a message about its results.
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Browsing and restoring particular files
Chapter 6. Browsing and restoring particular
files
To browse and restore individual files, Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows
can connect images as virtual drives thus letting you access them as though they
were a physical drive. This means that:
• A new disk with its own letter will appear in the drives list;
• Using Windows Explorer and other file managers, you will be able to see image
files as if they were located on a physical disk or partition;
• You’ll be able to find necessary files or folders in order to copy them from the
virtual disk to the real one.
The connected virtual drive will be read-only and you won’t be able to change
anything within it.
6.1
Connecting a virtual disk
Use Explore Image to connect an image as a virtual disk and click Next in the
first wizard window.
6.1.1
Selecting an image
In the next window, specify the image you want to open as a virtual disk.
Select image to connect
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Browsing and restoring particular files
If the selected image file is not protected by a password, you will immediately see
the image comment along with the list of stored partitions. If the file is protected by
a password, you will see only the comment.
If you are to connect an incremental image, Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows will
suggest you to select one of successive incremental files by date/time of its creation. Thus,
you can explore the partition state to a certain moment.
To connect an incremental image, you must have all previous incremental images and the
initial complete image. If any of successive images is missing, connecting is impossible.
6.1.2
Selecting partitions to connect and letter assignment
On this step you must select a partition to connect as a virtual disk. Note that you
can’t connect the entire disk.
Select partition to connect
Besides, you can also select a letter to be assigned to the connected disk (from the
Drive letter drop-down list.)
In the next window, you will see a disk connection script containing a single operation.
Click Proceed to connect the image as a virtual disk.
After the disk is connected the program will run Windows Explorer showing its
contents.
Now you can easily copy any file (or folder) from the virtual disk to the real one
using Windows Explorer or similar file manager.
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Browsing and restoring particular files
6.2
Unplugging a virtual disk
We recommend that you unplug a virtual disk after all necessary files and folders
are copied. However, the virtual disk will disappear anyway after your server is
turned off.
To disconnect the virtual disk select Unplug.
You can also unplug the disk by clicking Unplug Image in Acronis True Image
Server 8.0 for Windows main window.
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Transferring the system to a new disk
Chapter 7. Transferring the system to a new
disk
7.1
General information
Sooner or later any server user finds out that his hard disk is too small. If you just
don’t have space for more data, you can add another disk just for data storage as
described in the following chapter.
However, you might find that your hard disk does not have enough space for the
operating system and installed applications, preventing you from updating your
software. In this case, you have to transfer the system to a higher-capacity hard
disk.
To transfer your system to a new disk, you must first install in into the server.
If a server doesn’t have a bay for another hard disk, you can temporarily install it in place of
your CD-ROM. If it’s still impossible, you can clone a hard disk by creating its image and
restoring it to a new hard disk with larger partitions.
There are two transfer modes available: automatic and manual.
In the automatic mode, you will only have to take several simple actions to transfer
all the data, including partitions, folders and files, to a newer disk, making it
bootable if the original disk was bootable.
There will be only one difference between these disks – partitions on the newer disk
will be larger. Everything else, including the installed operating systems, data, disk
labels, settings, software and everything else on the disk will remain the same.
Of course, this is the only result available in the automatic mode. The program can only
duplicate the older disk layout to the new one. To obtain different result, you will have to
answer additional questions about cloning parameters.
The manual mode will provide more data transfer flexibility.
1. You will be able to select the method of partitions and data transfer:
•
As is;
•
New disk space is proportionally distributed between the old disk partitions;
•
New disk space is distributed manually.
2. You will also be able to select operations to perform on the old disk:
•
Leave partitions (and data!) on the old disk;
•
Remove all information from the old disk;
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•
Create new partitions on the old disk (and remove all the older information.)
On program screens, damaged partitions are marked with a red circle and a white cross
inside in the upper left corner. Before you start cloning, you should check such disks for
errors using corresponding operating system tools.
7.2
Security
Please note the following: if the power goes out or you accidentally press RESET
during the transfer, the procedure will be incomplete and you will have to partition
and format or clone the hard disk again.
No data will be lost because the original disk is only being read (no partitions are
changed or resized) until data transfer is completed.
Nevertheless, we don’t recommend you to delete data from the old disk until you
are sure it is correctly transferred to the new disk, server boots up from it, and all
applications work.
7.3
7.3.1
Executing transfers
Selecting clone mode
You will see the Clone mode window just after the welcome window.
Clone mode selection
We recommend using automatic mode in most cases. The manual mode can be
helpful, if you need to change the disk partition layout.
If the program finds two disks, one partitioned and another unpartitioned, it will
automatically recognize the source (partitioned) and destination (unpartitioned) disks,
so the next two steps will be bypassed.
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7.3.2
Selecting source disk
If the program finds several partitioned disks, it will ask you what is the source (i.e.
the older data disk).
You can determine the source and destination using the information provided in this
window (disk number, capacity, label, partition and file system information).
7.3.3
Selecting destination disk
After you select the source disk, you have to select the destination where the disk
information will be copied.
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The previously selected source becomes grayed-out and disabled for selection.
If either disk is unpartitioned, the program will automatically recognize it as destination and
bypass this step.
7.3.4
Partitioned destination disk
At this point, the program checks to see if the destination disk is free. If not, you
will be prompted by the Nonempty Destination Hard Disk window stating that
the destination disk contains partitions, perhaps with data.
You can continue once existing partitions are deleted
You will have to select between:
• Delete partitions on the destination hard disk – all existing partitions will
be deleted during cloning and all their data will be lost.
• No, I do not want to delete partitions – no existing partition will be deleted
making the cloning impossible. You will only be able to cancel this operation and
return to select another disk.
To continue select the first choice and click Next.
Note that no real changes and data destruction will be performed at this moment! For now
the program will just create a cloning script. All changes will be implemented only when you
click Proceed, after the script is formed.
7.3.5
Old and new disk partition layout
If you selected the automatic mode before, the program will ask you for nothing
further. You will see the window graphically illustrating information (as rectangles)
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about the source disk (partitions and unallocated space), and the destination disk
layout.
Along with the disk number some additional information is provided: partition
number, volume label (e.g. SYSTEM), file system (e.g. FAT16 or FAT32), partition
size. Partition types – primary, logical – and unallocated space are marked with
different colors.
Next you will see the cloning script.
7.3.6
Old disk data
If you selected the manual mode, the program will ask you what to do with the old
disk:
• Create a new partition layout – create a new partition layout. All existing
partitions and their data will be deleted (but they will also be cloned to the new
disk, so you won’t lose them).
• Keep data – leave the old disk partitions and data intact.
• Destroy data – delete partitions (and data!) from the old disk.
If you are going to sell, present, etc. your old disk, we recommend you to clean it
from any information to avoid it getting into wrong hands.
If you are going to keep the old disk for yourself and use it for data storage, you
can create a new partition layout on it. In this case the disk will be ready right after
cloning is complete.
To protect yourself from unforeseen consequences, it would be better to leave the
old disk data intact, as you will be able to delete them anytime you want later.
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7.3.7
Destroying the old disk data
If you selected to destroy the old disk data on the previous step, you will have to
select the destruction method now:
• Quick – quick 1-pass destruction (takes several minutes).
• Normal – guaranteed multipass destruction (takes more time).
The second method takes more time, but makes it impossible to recover data afterwards even with
special equipment.
The first method is less secure, but is still suitable for most cases.
7.3.8
Selecting partition transfer method
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows will offer you the following data transfer
methods:
• As is;
• Proportional – the new disk space will be proportionally distributed between
cloned partitions;
• Manual – you will specify the new size and other parameters yourself.
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If you select to transfer information "as is", a new partition will be created for every
old one with the same size and type, file system and label. The unused space will
become unallocated. Further you will be able to use it to create new partitions or to
enlarge the existing partitions with special tools (e.g. Acronis Partition Expert).
As a rule, "as is" transfers are inexpedient, as they leave much unallocated space on
the new disk.
If you transfer data proportionally, each partition will be enlarged, according to the
old and new disk capacities proportion.
In some cases, some partitions may still be transferred "as is" or be enlarged to the
less extent comparing to other.
"As is" Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows transfers unsupported and
damaged file systems.
FAT16 partitions are enlarged less than other, as they have 4 Gb size limit.
Depending on the selected combination, you will proceed to either old disk
partitioning window, or disk partition layout window (see below).
7.3.9
Partitioning the old disk
If you have selected Create a new partition layout before, it's now time to repartition your old disk.
On this step you will see the current disk partition layout. Initially the disk has
unallocated space only. This will change when you create new partitions.
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Having completed the required steps, you will add a new partition. To create
another one simply repeat these steps.
If you made a mistake, click Back to redo.
After you created the necessary partitions, uncheck the Create new partition in
unallocated space box and click Next.
7.3.10
Old and new disk partition layouts
In the next window you will see rectangles indicating the source hard disk, including
its partitions and unallocated space, as well as the new disk layout.
Along with the hard disk number you will also see partition number, volume label
(e.g. SYSTEM), file system (e.g. FAT16 or FAT32), partition size. Different partition
types, including primary, logical, and unallocated space are marked with different
colors.
If you have selected manual partition creation before, the partition layout will look different.
This partitioning method is described below.
7.3.11
Cloning script
In the next window you will see the disk cloning script containing a list of briefly
described operations to be performed.
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Disk cloning script
Cloning a disk, containing the currently active operating system, will require reboot.
In that case, after clicking Proceed you will be asked to confirm the reboot.
Canceling the reboot will cancel the entire procedure.
Cloning a non-system disk or a disk, containing OS, not active at the moment, will
proceed without reboot. After you click Proceed, Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for
Windows will start cloning the old disk to the new disk, indicating the progress in
the special window. You can stop this procedure by clicking Cancel. In that case,
you will have to repartition and format the new disk or repeat the cloning
procedure. After the operation is complete, you will see the results message.
7.4
Cloning with manual partitioning
7.4.1
Old and new disk partition layouts
The manual transfer method enables you to resize partitions on the new disk. By
default the program resizes them proportionally.
In the next window you will see rectangles indicating the source hard disk, including
its partitions and unallocated space, as well as the new disk layout.
Along with the hard disk number you will also see partition number, volume label
(e.g. SYSTEM), file system (e.g. FAT16 or FAT32) and partition size. Different
partition types, including primary, logical, and unallocated space are marked with
different colors.
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To resize either partition, check the Proceed Relayout box. If you are satisfied
with the partition layout shown, uncheck this box (if checked). Clicking Next you
will proceed to the cloning script window.
Be careful! Clicking Back in this window will reset all size and location changes that you've
selected, so you will have to specify them again.
First, select a partition to resize. It will become underlined red.
Resize and relocate it on the next step.
You can do this by both entering values to Unallocated space before, Partition
size, Unallocated space after fields, by dragging partition borders, or partition
itself.
If the cursor turns to two vertical lines with left and right arrows, it's pointed at the
partition border, so you can drag it. If the cursor turns to four arrows, it's pointed at
the partition, so you can move it to the left or right (if there's unallocated space
near it).
Having provided the new location and size, click Next. You will be taken two steps
back to the partition layout. Perhaps, you will have to perform some more resizing
and relocation before you get the layout you need.
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Adding a new hard disk
Chapter 8. Adding a new hard disk
If you don't have enough space
with a new higher-capacity one
previous chapter), or add a new
old disk. If the server has space
clone.
for your data, you can either replace the old disk
(data transfers to new disks are described in the
disk only to store data, leaving the system on the
for another disk, it would be easier to add it then
To add a new disk you must first install it into your server.
8.1
Selecting a hard disk
Select the disk that you have added to the server.
This window might be bypassed if the program detects the new disk itself. In this case, you
will immediately proceed to the New partition creation.
If there are any partitions on the new disk, they must be deleted first.
Select Delete partitions on the destination hard disk and click Next to
continue.
8.2
Creating new partitions
Next, you will see the current partition layout. Initially all disk space will be
unallocated. This will change after you add new partitions.
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To create a new partition in the unallocated space, select Create new partition in
unallocated space and click Next to perform steps required by the partition
creation wizard.
If you made a mistake at partitioning, click Back to redo.
After you create the necessary partition layout, uncheck the Create new partition
in unallocated space box and click Next.
8.3
Disk add script
In the next window you will see the disk add script containing a list of briefly described
operations to be performed.
Disk add script
After you click Proceed, Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows will start
creating and formatting new partitions, indicating the progress in the special
window. You can stop this procedure by clicking Cancel. In this case, you will have
to repartition and format the new disk or repeat the disk add procedure.
After the operation is complete, you will see the results message.
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Scheduling
Chapter 9. Scheduling
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows allows you to schedule tasks, so you
won't have to remember the last time you imaged your disks. Acronis True Image
Server 8.0 for Windows will do this for you to guarantee the safety of your data.
You can create more than one independent scheduled tasks.
For example, you can image your work documents daily, and backup the application
disk only weekly.
This reduces the number of imaging operations and provides nearly the same data
safety.
To create scheduled tasks, use Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows
scheduler.
Run the Add New Task wizard to create a new scheduled task. When the task is
created, you will see its icon in the main window.
To edit the previously created task click Edit on the toolbar or right-click the task
and select Edit. The editing is performed in the same way as adding.
To delete a task select it and click Delete on the toolbar or right-click the task and
select Delete.
If any errors occur during the scheduled task execution, its icon will be marked with a
warning sign – the red circle with a cross inside – to attract your attention next time you run
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows. A brief error description will be shown in the left
part of the window, if you select the task.
9.1
9.1.1
Creating scheduled tasks
Selecting partitions
In the Partition selection window you see the current partition layout. To select a
partition check the corresponding box. To select all disk partitions check the disk
box. At that all the related partitions will be checked. You can also select one or
more hard disks or a random disk/partition combination.
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Scheduling
Having selected partitions and/or disks, click Next. Note that this button is disabled
until at least one partition or disk is selected.
Other parameters are set further in the same way as described in the Chapter 4
related to image creation.
9.1.2
Selecting task periodicity
After you set image parameters, you must set task execution periodicity.
• Do not start automatically - a task will not be executed. You can select this
variant to leave it disabled.
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• Daily – a task will be executed daily at the specified time (selected on the next
step).
• Weekly - a task will be executed weekly or in some weeks at the specified time
and day (selected on the next step).
• Monthly - a task will be executed monthly at the specified time and day
(selected on the next step).
• One time only - a task will be executed once at the specified time and day
(selected on the next step).
• When my computer starts - a task will be executed at OS startup.
• When I log on - a task will be executed, when you log in the OS.
• When my computer shuts down - a task will be executed before every
shutdown or reboot.
• When I log off - a task will be executed, when you log off the OS.
Some variants might be disabled depending on the operating system.
9.1.3
Setting up daily execution
If you select the daily execution, you will have to specify some additional
parameters. First, the Start time (hours and minutes).
In the Perform this task group select days to execute tasks on:
• Every day;
• Weekdays;
• Every x days – once in several days (specify the interval).
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You can execute the task even if your server is turned off at the specified time. To
do this select Perform this task when the computer restarts, only if the
computer was turned off at the selected time. In this case the task will be
executed at the nearest startup.
9.1.4
Setting up weekly execution
If you select the weekly execution, you will have to specify some additional
parameters. First, the Start time (hours and minutes).
Specify periodicity in the Every x weeks (each week, in a week, etc.)
Check weekdays to execute the task on.
You can execute the task even if your server is turned off at the specified time. To
do this select Perform this task when the computer restarts, only if the
computer was turned off at the selected time. In this case the task will be
executed at the nearest startup.
9.1.5
Setting up monthly execution
If you select the monthly execution, you will have to specify some additional
parameters. First, the Start time (hours and minutes).
In the Perform this task group select time to execute tasks on:
• Day – on the specified date.
• The... – on the specified weekday (e.g. second Tuesday or fourth Friday);
selected from drop-down lists.
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You can execute the task even if your server is turned off at the specified time. To
do this select Perform this task when the computer restarts, only if the
computer was turned off at the selected time. In this case the task will be
executed at the nearest startup.
9.1.6
Setting up one time execution
If you select the weekly execution, you will have to specify some additional
parameters.
First, the Start time (hours and minutes).
Second, the Start date.
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You can execute the task even if your server is turned off at the specified time. To
do this select Perform this task when the computer restarts, only if the
computer was turned off at the selected time. In this case the task will be
executed at the nearest startup.
9.1.7
Entering user name
Under Windows NT SP6, 2000, XP, 2003 you will have to specify the name of the
user that owns the executed task, otherwise no scheduled execution would be
available.
In the upper field enter user name. Enter password twice in two fields below.
9.1.8
Task scheduled successfully
You have finished scheduling a task. The wizard will again remind you the details of
the task provided.
To close the wizard and return to the main window click Finish. The task created
will be named New task. You can rename it appropriately.
9.2
Managing scheduled tasks
If you select a task in the main window, you will see its details in the left part. And
the Operations menu and toolbar will be extended with Edit, Schedule, Delete,
and Rename icons.
Rename allows you to give your task a more appropriate name.
Delete is used to delete selected task with confirmation.
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Edit is used to change any task parameters. This is performed in the same way as
creation with two exceptions.
First, there will be specified parameters instead of the default, so you won't have to
enter them again.
Second, after you make changes you will be asked about execution order. I.e. you
will be able to change image creation parameters like location without touching its
execution periodicity and time (though you can change it as well.)
If you want to change only periodicity and time, select Schedule. At that you will
have to perform only scheduling steps leaving image settings the same.
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Command-line mode and scripting
Chapter 10. Command-line mode and
scripting
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows supports the command-line mode, as
well as the GUI mode, and can be used to execute XML scripts.
10.1
Working in the command-line mode
An administrator might need a console interface in some situations. Acronis True
Image Server 8.0 for Windows supports this mode with ti_cons.exe utility. The file
is located in a folder where Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows has been
installed, by default it is C:\Program Files\Acronis\TrueImage.
10.1.1
Supported commands
ti_cons has the following format:
ti_cons /[command] /[option1] [option2]…
The following commands are supported (each command may be accompanied by
additional options):
1. create
Creates an image file with the specified file name. A complete image is created by
default. Use the /incremental option to create an incremental image.
Options
/progress:[on | off]
Shows/hides the progress information (percent completed). It is shown by default.
/filename:[filename]
Sets the image file name.
/password:[password]
Protects an image with a password.
/net_user:[username]
Specifies a user name when creating an image on a network drive.
/net_password:[password]
Specifies a user password when creating an image on a network drive.
/harddisk:[disk number]
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Specifies the hard disks to include into the image file by numbers. The list of
available hard disks is provided by the /list command. An image may contain
data of more than one hard disk. In that case, separate disk numbers by commas,
e.g.:
/harddisk 1,3
/partition:[partition number]
Specifies the partitions to include into the image file by numbers. The list of
available partitions is provided by /list. Partition numbers are specified as <disk
number>-<partition number>, e.g.:
/partition: 1-1,1-2,3-1
/file_partition:[partition letter]
Specifies the partition where the image file will be stored (by letter or number). This
option is used with /filename:file_name. In that case the file name must be
specified without drive letter or root folder. For example:
/file_partition:D /filename:"\1.tib”
/raw
Use this option to create an image of a disk (partition) with unrecognized or
unsupported file system. This will copy all disk/partition contents sector-by-sector.
Without this option only the sectors containing useful system and user data are
imaged.
/compression:[0…9]
Specifies the image compression level. It ranges from 0 to 9 and is set to 3 by
default.
/incremental
Sets the image type to incremental. If there is no a basic image file to append an
incremental one, a complete image will be created.
/split:[size in MB]
Splits image file into parts of the specified size.
/reboot
Reboots the server after the operation is completed.
/log:[file name]
Creates a log file of the current operation with the specified file name.
2. deploy
Restores a disk or partition from an image.
Options
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/filename:[filename]
Specifies the name of the image file to restore.
/net_user:[username]
Specifies a user name when restoring an image from a network drive.
/net_password:[password]
Specifies a user password when restoring an image from a network drive.
/file_partition:[partition letter]
Specifies the partition where the image file is stored (by letter or number). This
option is used with /filename:file_name. In this case the file name must be
specified without drive letter or root folder. For example:
/file_partition:D /filename:"\1.tib”
/password:[password]
Specifies the password for the image file (if required).
/harddisk:[disk number]
Specifies the hard disks to restore by numbers.
/partition:[partition number]
Specifies the partitions to restore by numbers.
/target_harddisk:[disk number]
Specifies the hard disk number where the image will be restored.
/start:[start sector]
Sets the start sector for restoring a partition to the hard disk unallocated space.
/size:[partition size in sectors]
Sets the new partition size (in sectors).
/type:[active | primary | logical]
Sets the new partition type. By default (if this option is not defined) an active
partition is created on the first hard disk and logic partitions on other disks.
/target_partition:[partition number]
Specifies the target partition number for restoring a partition over the existing one.
If the option is not specified, the program assumes that the target partition number
is the same as the partition number specified with the /partition option.
/reboot
Reboots the server after the operation is completed.
/log:[file name]
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Creates a log file of the current operation with the specified file name.
3. list
Lists the available drives and partitions.
Options
/filename:[filename]
Lists the image file contents.
/password:[password]
Specifies the password for the image file (if required).
4. clone
Clones a hard disk.
Options
/harddisk:[disk number]
Specifies a source hard disk which will be cloned to the new hard disk.
/target_harddisk:[disk number]
Specifies the target hard disk number where the source hard disk will be cloned.
5. explore
Connects an image file as a virtual drive.
Options
/filename:[image file name]
The image file name.
/password:[image password]
The password for the image file (if required).
/partition:[partitions list]
Specifies a list of partitions to be mounted as virtual drives. Without this option, all
partitions stored in the image file will be plugged.
/letter
Assigns letters to the mounted drives. This option is used with /partition option
only.
/net_user:[username]
Specifies a user name when exploring an image from a network drive.
/net_password:[password]
Specifies a user password when exploring an image from a network drive.
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/log:[file name]
Creates a log file of the current operation with the specified file name.
6. unplug
Unplugs the image file connected as a virtual drive.
Options
/letter:X
Specifies the virtual disk to be disconnected by letter.
/letter:all
Disconnects all virtual drives.
7. create_partition
Creates a new partition.
Options
/harddisk:[disk number]
Specifies the hard disk where to create a partition.
/filesystem:[FAT | FAT 16 | FAT 32 | NTFS | NONE]
Sets the file system for the new partition. The default value is NONE.
/label:[partition label]
Sets the new partition label.
/type:[active | primary | logical]
Sets the new partition type. By default (if this option is not defined) an active
partition is created on the first hard disk and logic partitions on other disks.
/start:[start sector]
Sets the start sector for the new partition.
/size:[partition size in sectors]
Sets the new partition size (in sectors).
/reboot
Reboots the server after the partition is created.
8. delete_partition
Deletes a partition.
Options
/partition:[partition number]
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Specifies the number of partition to delete.
/reboot
Reboots the server after deleting the partition.
/log:[file name]
Creates a log file of the current operation with the specified file name.
9. resize_partition
Resizes or/and moves the existing partition.
Options
/partition:[partition number]
Specifies the partition number.
/start:[start sector]
Sets a new start sector for the partition.
/size:[partition size in sectors]
Sets the new partition size (in sectors).
/reboot
Reboots the server after resizing/moving.
/log:[file name]
Creates a log file of the current operation with the specified file name.
10. asz_create
Creates Acronis Secure Zone on the selected drive.
Options
/harddisk:X
Specifies the hard disk number where Acronis Secure Zone will be created.
/partition:[partitions list]
Specifies partitions from which free space will be taken for Acronis Secure Zone
creation.
/size:[ASZ size in sectors]
Sets the Acronis Secure Zone size (in sectors). If this size is not specified, it will be
set as average between maximal and minimal values, including unallocated spaces
on the all listed partitions.
/asz_activate
Activates Acronis Secure Zone after creation (or, rather, activates Acronis Startup
Recovery Manager).
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/asz_activate option will not take effect, if the system partition is resized during Acronis
Secure Zone creation. Use /asz_activate command to activate Acronis Secure Zone after it
is created.
/reboot
Reboots the server after the Acronis Secure Zone is created.
/log:[file name]
Creates a log file of the current operation with the specified file name.
11. asz_delete
Deletes Acronis Secure Zone from your hard disk.
Options
/partition:[partitions list]
Specifies partitions to which free space will be added after the Acronis Secure Zone
is deleted.
/log:[file name]
Creates a log file of the current operation with the specified file name.
12. asz_activate
Activates Acronis Secure Zone (or, rather, activates Acronis Startup Recovery
Manager). This command may also be used as an option with ‘asz_create’
command.
13. verify
Verifies image archive data integrity.
Options
/filename:[filename]
Specifies the name of the image file to verify.
/password:[image password]
Specifies the password for image file (if required).
/net_user:[username]
Specifies a user name when verifying an image from a network drive.
/net_password:[password]
Specifies a user password when verifying an image from a network drive.
14. help
Shows help for commands.
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10.1.2
ti_cons.exe usage examples
1. Create image
ti_cons /create /filename:"C:\Test\1.tib" /partition:2-1,1-3
•
This will create an image named 1.tib of the partitions 2-1 and 1-3. Image will
be saved to c:\Test\ folder.
ti_cons /create /filename:"\Test\1.tib" /partition:2-1,1-3
/file_partition:3-1
•
This will create an image named 1.tib of the partitions 2-1 and 1-3. Image will
be saved to partition 3-1.
ti_cons /create /filename:"C:\Test\1.tib" /password:qwerty
/harddisk:2 /reboot /raw /incremental /compression:5
/split:640 /progress:off
•
This will append an incremental image to the image named 1.tib of hard disk 2.
Image will be saved to c:\Test\ folder, protected with password “qwerty”, split
into parts of 640 MB, and contain all cluster data. Image compression level is 5.
The server will be rebooted after the operation is completed.
2. Restore image
ti_cons /deploy /filename:"C:\Test\1.tib" /partition:2-1
•
This will restore partition 2-1 from image 1.tib.
ti_cons /deploy /filename:"C:\Test\1.tib" /password:qwerty
/harddisk:2
•
This will restore hard disk 2 from image 1.tib, protected with password ‘qwerty’.
ti_cons /deploy /filename:"C:\Test\1.tib" /partition:2-1
/target_partition:1-1
•
This will restore partition 2-1, stored in image 1.tib, to partition 1-1.
ti_cons /deploy /filename:"C:\Test\1.tib" /partition:2-1
/target_harddisk:3 /start:0 /size:64000 /type:logical
•
This will restore partition 2-1, stored in image 1.tib, to hard disk 3. A new logical
partition will be created on disk 3 from 0 to 64000 sector.
ti_cons /deploy /filename:z:\Server30Cdrive.tib /partition:1-1
/target_partition:2-1 /type:active /password:123qwe
•
This will restore partition 1-1, stored in image Server30Cdrive.tib, protected with
password ‘123qwe’, to partition 2-1. The restored partition will be of active type.
3. List
ti_cons /list
• This will list available partitions.
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Command-line mode and scripting
4. Clone
ti_cons /clone /harddisk:2 /target_harddisk:3
•
Clone hard disk 2 to hard disk 3.
5. Delete partition
ti_cons /delete_partition /partition:2-1,2-2 /reboot
/log:deleting.txt
•
This will delete partitions 2-1 and 2-2, create log file ‘deleting.txt’ and reboot the
server, when the operation is completed.
6. Explore image
ti_cons /explore /filename:\\myserver\backup\mybackup.tib
/net_user:john /net_password:qwerty
•
10.1.3
This will connect all images, stored in file mybackup.tib on the network drive, as
virtual drives.
Command-line mode usage under DOS
For usage in the MS-DOS compatible environments Acronis True Image Server 8.0
for Windows includes ti_dos.exe utility. It is located in a folder where Acronis True
Image Server 8.0 for Windows has been installed, by default it is C:\Program
Files\Acronis\TrueImage.
10.2
10.2.1
Scripting
Script execution parameters
Scripts are executed by the TrueImageTerminal.exe utility located in the Acronis
True Image Server installation folder (i.e. C:\Program Files\Acronis\TrueImage).
This utility is also used to monitor backup progress.
TrueImageTerminal execution parameters:
TrueImageTerminal.exe [arguments]
Arguments include the following:
/help – outputs help information about TrueImageTerminal.exe parameters.
/progress – outputs progress of backup operations run either from Acronis True
Image Server graphics user interface, or from the script.
/execute: [script file name] – executes a script. If there are several scripts to be
executed, they are queued. An example for executing MyBackup.tis script:
TrueImageTerminal.exe/execute:C:\MyBackup.tis
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Command-line mode and scripting
/nowait – an optional script execution argument. Enables to terminate
TrueImageTerminal before backup is finished. Example:
TrueImageTerminal /execute:C:\MyBackup.tis /nowait
By pressing Ctrl+C you can force backup
TrueImageTerminal to background operation.
progress
output
off
and
switch
You can terminate backup operation executed by TrueImageTerminal by pressing Ctrl+B.
10.2.2
Script structure
Scripts are written in XML language and you can use the following tags:
Source. Specifies partitions or disks to be imaged. Letters assigned to partitions
must be used without colon. Disk numbers correspond to their system numbers. To
create images of several partitions or disks, use the SOURCE tag for each of them,
e.g.:
<source letter=”C”/>
<source letter=”D”/>
<source disk =”1”/>
<source disk =”2”/>
Target. Specifies name and location of an image file, e.g.:
<target file-“E\Mybackup2.tib” username=”username”
password=”password”/>
username and password parameters are optional. They are used to access
networked resources.
As a target for image files you can indicate CD-R/RW or tape drive.
Options. This tag can be used with a number of additional parameters:
Compression: specifies backup compression level. Can be None,
Normal, High.
Low,
Incremental: specifies if you need to create an incremental image file. If equal to
”false” (or “0”), the complete image file will be created. If there's already a file
with the name specified, it will be replaced without warnings. If equal to “true”
(or “1”) and there's already a file with the name specified, an incremental image
will be created. Otherwise the program will create a complete image file. The
default value for this parameter is “true”.
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Command-line mode and scripting
Description: adds a description to an image file. The comment must be a single
string (though its length is not limited.)
Split: splits a large image file into a number of smaller files of the specified size,
which can be provided in bytes, kilobytes, megabytes, etc.
Password: adds password protection to an image file.
10.2.3
Script usage examples
The following example illustrates the usage of a script to backup two partitions
(logical drives), C and F. mybackup2.tib is specified as an incremental image file.
The High compression level is selected and the image is to be split into 650MB parts
for recording to CD-R/RW media. Password protection will also be added. The entire
script must be located between the <backup> and <backup/> tags.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<backup>
<source letter=”C” />
<source letter="F" />
<target file="e:\mybackup2.tib" />
<options compression="high" incremental="true"
description="this is my backup" split="650 Mb" password="" />
</backup>.
The script for backing up to tape (tapeN specifies the tapes numbers):
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<backup>
<source letter=”C” />
<source letter="F" />
<target cdrw="\taperecorder\\\.\tape0|||” />
<target cdrw="\taperecorder\\\.\tape1|||” />
<options compression="high" incremental="true"
description="this is my backup" />
</backup>.
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Other operations
Chapter 11. Other operations
11.1
Checking images
To be assured your images are not damaged, you can check their integrity. To do
this, select Check Image in the Tools group (expand it if it's not) or click Check
Image on the toolbar. You will see the first wizard window. Click Next to continue.
11.1.1
Selecting image for checking
In this window you will see the complete list of connected storage devices, including
hard disks and any other drives. Using the standard Windows Explorer locate the
image file to be checked and select it.
Its name will appear in the File Name field and the Next button will be enabled.
Click Proceed to continue. The checking progress will be indicated in the new
window.
You can cancel checking by clicking Cancel.
After checking is complete you will see the results window.
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Other operations
11.2
Creating bootable media
In some cases, Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows can be run only from a
special bootable diskette or CD. Such a case might be if your server does not boot
up normally.
You can create bootable media during or after the installation.
For this, you will need a CD-R/RW blank, several formatted diskettes (the bootable
media wizard will tell you the exact number), or any other media your server can
boot from, such as a Zip drive.
Click Create Bootable Rescue Media on the toolbar or the sidebar, or select
Create Bootable Rescue Media from the Tools menu.
You can also create bootable media without loading Acronis True Image Server 8.0
for Windows itself by selecting Programs Æ Acronis Æ True Image Server 8.0
for Windows Æ Bootable Rescue Media Builder from the Start menu.
You will see the bootable media wizard that will ask you to select either complete,
or safe loader version. The latter doesn't have USB, PC card (PCMCIA), SCSI drivers
and is useful only in case the complete version doesn’t work.
After you create a boot disk, identify it and keep it in a safe place.
11.3
Viewing logs
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows allows users to view its working logs.
They can provide information about scheduled image creation results, including
failure reasons if any. Logs are created only for partition (disk) image creation
operations.
To invoke the log window, select Show log on the toolbar or from the Tools menu.
The log browsing window contains two panels: the left one features the log list,
while the right one – selected log contents.
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Other operations
The left panel can contain up to 50 logs. If there’s more, you can browse the list
using the More and Less buttons with the left and right arrows.
To delete a log select it and click Delete.
If any step was terminated by an error, the corresponding log will be marked with a
red circle with a white cross inside.
The right window features the list of steps contained in the selected log. You can
flexibly setup list parameters to display only messages of particular type, particular
columns, or select sorting order.
To sort messages by a particular column, click its header (click again to reverse
order) or the Arrange Icons by button (the second from the right) and select the
desired column.
To select columns to display right-click the headers line or left-click the Choose
Details button, and check columns to display.
The three buttons to the left control message filters: the white cross in the red circle
filters error messages, the exclamation sign in a yellow triangle filters warnings, and
the “i” in the blue circle filters information messages.
You can also change column width by dragging their borders with mouse.
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Troubleshooting
Chapter 12. Troubleshooting
12.1
Recovering Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows
If Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows ceased running or produces errors,
its files might be corrupted. To fix it, you will have to recover the program. To do
this, run Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows installer again. It will detect
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows on your server and will ask you if you
want to recover (update) or remove it.
Click Recover and click Proceed.
12.2
Frequently asked questions
What storage devices does Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows
support for keeping backups?
Backups can be created on hard disks and other storage devices supported by
Windows NT 4.0 SP6, 2000, 2003.
What is the purpose of specifying image file size?
The server hard disk is the fastest and most effective storage device. It can write a
disk (partition) image considerably faster than any other device, e.g. CD-R/RW.
Having specified image volume size equal to about 650–700Mb, you can quickly
create image files on your hard disk to burn them to CD-R/RW afterwards. This
allows doing the whole task more quickly.
What devices can a system partition be restored from if Acronis True
Image Server 8.0 for Windows is loaded from its bootable diskette of CD?
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows supports any connected hard disks as
well as a wide variety of IDE, SCSI, FireWire (IEEE-1394), USB (1.0, 1.1, 2.0), PC
card (PCMCIA) interfaces and devices, including CD-ROM, CD-R/RW, DVD-RW,
DVD+R/RW, magneto-optical drives, Iomega Zip, Jaz, etc.
Can Easy CD Creator 4.x–5.0 impede Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for
Windows ?
Easy CD Creator 4.x and 5.0 automatically installs an old version of Take Two®
backup utility that is no longer supported by its manufacturer, Roxio. If Acronis True
Image Server 8.0 for Windows detects this utility, it shows you the following
message in the beginning of image creation.
"Can’t create the image of the logical disk, as it’s already used by a running
application. Please close all other applications and try again."
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Troubleshooting
We recommend you to update your Easy CD Creator up to 5.1 or newer and/or
completely remove Take Two®.
For more information visit
http://www.roxio.com/en/support/roxio_support/taketwo.html
I created an image on CD-R/RW discs, but when I try to browse it Acronis
True Image Server 8.0 for Windows tells me it can’t connect this image as
a virtual disk.
The current version of Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows can connect
images only if their files are located in the same place. If your image is located on
several CD-R/RW or hard disks, you will have to copy all its files to a single folder on
your hard disk.
If it is an incremental image, you will need all of the previous images and the initial
full image.
Why I am unable to create images after SafeGuard Easy was installed?
Backing up disks/partitions, encrypted by SafeGuard Easy, will be possible after you
reinstall Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows. Acronis True Image Server 8.0
for Windows is compatible with SafeGuard Easy, the only limitation is that it must be
installed after SafeGuard. The image will contain volumes without encryption.
I ran Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows from a bootable disk to
restore a partition (disk) from an image located on the network drive, but
couldn’t find the necessary computer.
If there’s at least one computer shown in the Network Neighborhood, try to access
the required computer by typing its address in the Filename line like
\\computer\folder.
If there’s no Network icon in My Computer, it means either there are network
problems, or that Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows is trying to use the
wrong drivers. Contact our technical support (support@acronis.com) and provide all
network adapter specifications and the network adapter manufacturer’s name.
I ran Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows from a bootable disk to
restore a partition (disk) from an image located on the network drive, but
it just kept asking me for username and password. What should I do?
In some cases, especially when there’s a domain controller installed in the network,
you have to specify computer or domain name before username. You must enter
username like COMPUTER\USER or DOMAIN\USER.
I received the "Can’t create image of disk D:, because it’s already used by
applications or contains bad sectors" error message, where D: stands for
my logical disk, when I tried to create an image under Windows.
Your logical disk might contain bad sectors. We recommend that you to run a
complete disk surface test. Type “chkdsk /R D:” in the command line and reboot.
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Troubleshooting
How can I prepare Windows NT, 2000 or 2003 for cloning or transferring
to a server with different hardware?
Before you clone or transfer Windows to another server, you must prepare it with
Microsoft System Preparation Tool (sysprep). The reasons to do this are described
in the 298491 article of Microsoft Knowledge Base: “One problem from duplicating
an installation of Windows 2000 is that each cloned computer has the same security
identifier (SID) and computer name. This may prevent the cloned computers from
functioning correctly in a workgroup or a domain. To work around this problem,
administrators use the System Preparation Tool (Sysprep.exe) to remove
configuration settings that are unique to the computer such as the computer name
and SID." This problem also relates to Windows NT 4.0 and Windows XP, so you
should prepare these OS in a similar way.
You can download Microsoft System Preparation Tool from www.microsoft.com or
extract from deploy.cab located on Windows XP installation CD.
Below is a brief instruction on how to prepare your hard disk for cloning or
transferring to another server:
1. Create Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows bootable media using the
corresponding wizard in the Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows menu.
2. Run sysprep.exe. You can specify the following as command line parameters:
-nosidgen — if you plan to delete all data from the old disk and/or don’t plan
to use the old and new disks in different servers simultaneously;
-mini — if you plan to transfer your OS to a server with different hardware.
3. Insert Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows bootable disk into the drive
and load the program to create an image of the prepared disk.
4. Install the new disk into your server or provide image access from the new
server.
5. Boot from the bootable disk again and restore the image to the new disk or
server.
6. Reboot.
We recommend you to read Microsoft’s sysprep articles available to the following
OS: Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows 2003.
How can I burn Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows images to
DVD?
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows can burn images to DVD in Windows, if
you have DVD UDF recording software installed. The DVD disk must be formatted.
Currently the program supports at least the following DVD recording software:
• Roxio DirectCD — optional component of Roxio Easy CD Creator;
• Ahead InCD — available free on the Nero website for Ahead Nero Burning Rom
users (usually bundled with Nero);
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Troubleshooting
• Veritas DLA and all its OEM versions (e.g. HP DLA);
• Pinnacle InstantCD/DVD.
In general, the program also supports all other DVD UDF burst recording software,
but the aforementioned applications were tested by Acronis for compatibility with
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows.
To enable image recording to DVD in Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows
you should do the following:
• Install DVD UDF recording software;
• Format DVD disks. DVD+RW and DVD-RW disks can be formatted in any of the
aforementioned applications, while DVD+R formatting is currently supported by
Roxio DirectCD only;
• Run Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows, insert a formatted DVD into
your DVD+RW or DVD-RW drive and create an image. No other special actions are
required.
Images stored on DVDs can be restored under Windows, and when Acronis True
Image Server 8.0 for Windows is loaded from its boot disk.
There is another way to burn an image to a DVD. Using Acronis True Image Server
8.0 for Windows, you can create an image on your hard disk and burn it using the
installed DVD recording application to a DVD afterwards. You will be able to restore
images from such discs under Windows and when Acronis True Image Server 8.0
for Windows is loaded from the bootable media.
12.3
Technical support
Users of legally purchased copies of Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows are
entitled to free e-mail technical support from Acronis. If you have installation or
working problems that you can’t solve by yourself using this manual and the
readme.txt file, e-mail the technical support team.
Before you do this, you will have
http://www.acronis.com/registration/ or by mail.
to
register
your
copy
at
When e-mailing technical support, you must provide the registration number of your
Acronis True Image Server 8.0 for Windows copy, bundled with the program.
For more information visit http://www.acronis.com/support/
Technical support email address: support@acronis.com.
Acronis Inc.,
395 Oyster Point Boulevard, Ste 115
South San Francisco, CA 94530
http://www.acronis.com
info@acronis.com
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