LUDLUM ION CHAMBER MODEL 9-4 USERS MANUAL May 2013

LUDLUM ION CHAMBER
MODEL 9-4 USERS MANUAL
May 2013
Serial Number 265751 and Succeeding
Serial Numbers
LUDLUM ION CHAMBER
MODEL 9-4 USERS MANUAL
May 2013
Serial Number 265751 and Succeeding
Serial Numbers
Ludlum Measurements, Inc. Copyright© 2013. STATEMENT OF WARRANTY
Ludlum Measurements, Inc. warrants the products covered in this manual to be free of
defects due to workmanship, material, and design for a period of twelve months from the
date of delivery. The calibration of a product is warranted to be within its specified
accuracy limits at the time of shipment. In the event of instrument failure, notify Ludlum
Measurements to determine if repair, recalibration, or replacement is required.
This warranty excludes the replacement of photomultiplier tubes, G-M and proportional
tubes, and scintillation crystals which are broken due to excessive physical abuse or used
for purposes other than intended.
There are no warranties, express or implied, including without limitation any implied
warranty of merchantability or fitness, which extend beyond the description of the face
there of. If the product does not perform as warranted herein, purchaser’s sole remedy
shall be repair or replacement, at the option of Ludlum Measurements. In no event will
Ludlum Measurements be liable for damages, lost revenue, lost wages, or any other
incidental or consequential damages, arising from the purchase, use, or inability to use
product.
RETURN OF GOODS TO MANUFACTURER
If equipment needs to be returned to Ludlum Measurements, Inc. for repair or calibration, please send to
the address below. All shipments should include documentation containing return shipping address,
customer name, telephone number, description of service requested, and all other necessary information.
Your cooperation will expedite the return of your equipment.
LUDLUM MEASUREMENTS, INC.
ATTN: REPAIR DEPARTMENT
501 OAK STREET
SWEETWATER, TX 79556
800-622-0828 325-235-5494
FAX 325-235-4672
Safety Precautions
In the interest of safety, this manual contains many notes, cautions, and warnings that the user
should follow to protect both the user and the instrument from harm.
Warning – The operator or responsible body is warned that failure to follow the specified
operating, handling, or maintenance procedures may result in death, serious injury, or a longterm health hazard.
Caution - The operator or responsible body is cautioned that the protection provided by the
equipment may be impaired if the equipment is used or handled in a manner not specified by
Ludlum Measurements, Inc.
Note – The operator or responsible body should give special attention to the information
provided, as failure to do so may result in damage to the instrument or instrument failure.
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
The following general safety precautions apply to the operator of the instrument during all phases of
operation. These precautions should be followed or else the instrument may no longer provide the
necessary protection for which the instrument was intended.
DO NOT REMOVE CHASSIS FROM CAN WITH BATTERIES INSTALLED
Normal operation of the instrument should always be performed with the instrument chassis
attached to a can. The operator is strongly cautioned to take the following precautions to avoid
contact with internal hazardous live parts should it be determined that the chassis needs to be
separated from the can:
1. Turn the instrument power off and remove the batteries.
2. Allow the instrument to sit for one minute before accessing internal components.
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DO NOT SUBMERGE IN WATER
The instrument meets the standards as specified by ANSI N42.17C for moisture exposure; however,
the instrument is not waterproof and should never be submersed in water.
WARNINGS APPLICABLE TO HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
Visual images are used in this manual to convey the possible hazard associated with the operation,
handling, or maintenance of the instrument. The following definitions are provided to describe these
hazards; however, Ludlum Measurements cannot make any guarantees to the extent of the hazard
posed.
CHEMICAL – this is an indication that handling the material may cause burns or
irritation to the skin.
ELECTRICAL SHOCK – unless the necessary precautions are taken, this is an
indication that physical contact with the internal components of the instrument may
result in electrical shock.
HOT
hot
AREA – this is an indication that the component or components may be
resulting in burns to the skin.
POISON – this is an indication that the contents may be hazardous to your health if consumed.
INSTRUMENT MARKINGS
The Model 9-4 Ion Chamber is marked with the following symbols:
Crossed-out wheelie bin – this symbol notifies the consumer that the product is not to
be mixed with unsorted municipal waste when discarding; each material must be
separated. The symbol is placed on the battery compartment lid.
The “CE” mark is used to identify this instrument as being acceptable for use within the
European Union.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................................... 1 IDENTIFICATION OF CONTROLS AND FUNCTIONS ................................................................................................. 2 GETTING STARTED ............................................................................................................................................... 3 UNPACKING AND REPACKING .................................................................................................................................. 3
INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION ................................................................................................................................. 3
BATTERY INSTALLATION ......................................................................................................................................... 4
BATTERY TEST ...................................................................................................................................................... 5
OPERATIONAL CHECK ............................................................................................................................................. 5
TECHNICAL THEORY OF OPERATION ..................................................................................................................... 7 CHAMBER .............................................................................................................................................................. 7
CHAMBER WINDOW ................................................................................................................................................. 7
ELECTROMETER ..................................................................................................................................................... 7
RANGE CHANGE ..................................................................................................................................................... 8
RESET ................................................................................................................................................................... 8
OFFSET ADJUSTMENT ............................................................................................................................................. 8
ZERO ADJUST ........................................................................................................................................................ 8
RANGE CALIBRATION .............................................................................................................................................. 9
RANGE CHANGING .................................................................................................................................................. 9
POWER SUPPLIES ................................................................................................................................................. 10
CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE .......................................................................................................................... 11 PRECAUTIONS ...................................................................................................................................................... 11
MAINTENANCE ..................................................................................................................................................... 11
Recalibration ........................................................................................................................................................ 11 Storage .................................................................................................................................................................. 12 Desiccant .............................................................................................................................................................. 12 SPECIFICATIONS ................................................................................................................................................. 14 RECYCLING ......................................................................................................................................................... 17 PARTS LIST ......................................................................................................................................................... 18 MAIN CIRCUIT BOARD, DRAWING 293 X 711........................................................................................................... 19
ELECTROMETER BOARD, DRAWING 293 X 670 ........................................................................................................ 22
DRAWINGS ........................................................................................................................................................ 23 TABLE OF FIGURES Figure 1 - Battery Installation and Removal ...............................................................................................................................................................................................4 Figure 2 - Battery Door Internal Markings .................................................................................................................................................................................................5 Figure 3 - Main Board Layout (Front) ............................................................................................................................................................................... Back of manual Figure 4 - Main Board Layout (Back) ................................................................................................................................................................................ Back of manual Figure 5 - Main Board Schematic (Page 1) ........................................................................................................................................................................ Back of manual Figure 6 - Main Board Schematic (Page 2) ........................................................................................................................................................................ Back of manual Figure 7 - Main Board Schematic (Page 3) ........................................................................................................................................................................ Back of manual Figure 8 - Main Board Schematic (Page 4) ........................................................................................................................................................................ Back of manual Figure 9 - Electrometer Board Layout (Front) ................................................................................................................................................................. Back of manaul Figure 10 - Electrometer Board Schematic (Page 1) ....................................................................................................................................................... Back of manual Ludlum Measurements, Inc.
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MODEL 9-4
1
Technical Manual
Section 1
Section
Introduction
T
he Ludlum Model 9-4 is a five-range ion chamber instrument for
measuring beta-gamma radiation up to 50 R/hr. The chamber wall,
including the instrument case, is 1000 mg/cm². A 1000 mg/cm²
retractable beta shield allows beta measurement with a 7 mg/cm²
window.
The six-position selector switch selects OFF, ×10K, ×1K, ×100, ×10, and
×1 multipliers. The standard meter face has a dial from 0 to 5 mR/hr. Other
features include a LIGHT toggle switch to activate the white LED display
light, a RESET pushbutton, and a ZERO ADJUST knob. All calibration
controls are done digitally using a special calibration kit (part number: 4293676) available from Ludlum Measurements. This kit includes a special
instrument can, pressure calibration kit, all necessary cables, and control
software.
The Model 9-4 calibration kit allows the ability to calibrate for temperature
and pressure. Temperature and pressure compensation thus allows the
instrument to measure within 20% of the true value even when the
temperature is varied from -20 to 50 °C (-4 to 122 °F), and within 15%, as
the pressure is varied from 70 kPa to 106 kPa.
The unit is powered by two “D” cell batteries. A fresh set of alkaline
batteries should last more than 400 hours. An internal shunt may be
positioned so that the detector wall voltage is maintained even when the unit
is OFF. Doing so reduces the normal fifteen-minute, cold-start delay.
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MODEL 9-4
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Technical Manual
Section 2
Section
Identification of Controls and
Functions
Range Selector Switch: This is a six-position switch marked OFF, ×10K,
×1K, ×100, ×10, and ×1. Turning the range selector switch from OFF to
one of the range multiplier positions (×10K, ×1K, ×100, ×10, and ×1)
provides the operator with an overall range of 0 to 50,000 mR/hr. Multiply
the scale reading by the multiplier to determine the actual scale reading.
BAT TEST: Press this switch to check the battery. The meter should read
within the BAT TEST scale on the meter. The range switch may be in any
position except OFF for the battery test.
LIGHT ON-OFF Toggle Switch: In the ON position this switch energizes the
white LED display lights located in the meter compartment.
ZERO ADJUST: This is a full one-turn control that allows for compensation
of electrometer drift. Press and hold the RESET button for five seconds,
then adjust for a zero reading.
RESET Button: The RESET circuit grounds the chamber and opens the
chamber connection to the electrometer. This action causes a hard upscale
transient on the ×1 and ×10 scales. Hold the RESET down for five
seconds to allow the transient to decay. When the RESET switch is released,
the chamber is reconnected to the electrometer, and a hard downscale
transient will occur. Allow five more seconds for recovery.
Beta Shield (on bottom): This retractable shield allows exposure to beta
radiation with a window thickness of 7 mg/cm². With the slide closed, the
window is 1000 mg/cm². Depress the button on the side of the slide
assembly to release the slide. Release the button to hold the slide open or
closed.
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MODEL 9-4
3
Technical Manual
Section 3
Section
Getting Started
Unpacking and Repacking
Remove the calibration certificate and place it in a secure location. Remove
the instrument and all accessories and ensure that all items on the packing list
are in the carton.
To return an instrument for calibration or repair, provide sufficient packing
material to prevent damage during shipment and affix appropriate warning
labels to promote careful handling. The following items and information
should also be included to ensure quick turnaround time of your equipment:





instrument and related cable(s)
brief description as to the reason for return
description of service requested
return shipping address
customer name and telephone number
Instrument Configuration
The Model 9-4 has two options for chamber wall voltage. An internal jumper
may be selected to maintain voltage on the chamber wall with the instrument
turned off. This option allows a faster, three-minute settling time when the
instrument is frequently used. If the instrument is infrequently used, it is
recommended that this option not be used because of battery drain.
The instrument is shipped with the chamber wall voltage
maintained when the instrument is turned off.
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MODEL 9-4
Technical Manual
Section 3
With the continuous wall voltage on and instrument off, battery life is
approximately six months. Without this option, the battery drain is zero with
the instrument OFF; however, a settling time of 15 minutes is required for
the ×1 scale to settle within 0.1 mR/hr.
Battery Installation
Ensure the Model 9-4 range selector switch is in the OFF position. Open the
battery lid by pushing down and turning the quarter-turn thumbscrew
counterclockwise a quarter of a turn. Install two “D” size batteries in the
compartment.
Figure 1 - Battery Installation and Removal
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MODEL 9-4
Technical Manual
Section 3
Figure 2 - Battery Door Internal Markings
Note the (+) and (-) marks inside the battery holder (see Figure 2 - Battery
Door Internal Markings). Match the battery polarity to these marks. Insert
both batteries to match these marks. Close the battery box lid, then push
down and turn the quarter-turn thumb screw clockwise a quarter of a turn.
The center post of a battery is positive. The batteries are placed in
the battery compartment in opposite directions.
Battery Test
The batteries should be checked each time the instrument is turned on. This
is accomplished simply by pressing the BAT TEST button. Ensure that the
meter needle deflects to the battery test portion of the meter scale. If the
meter does not respond, check to see if the batteries have been correctly
installed. Replace the batteries if necessary.
Operational Check
To assure proper operation of the instrument between calibrations and
periods of non-use, the following instrument operational check should be
performed prior to use. A reference reading with a check source should be
obtained at the time of initial calibration or as soon as possible for use in
confirming proper instrument operation. In each case, ensure a proper
reading on each scale. If the instrument fails to read within 20% of a proper
reading, it should be sent to a calibration facility for recalibration.
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MODEL 9-4
Technical Manual
Section 3
Turn the instrument range switch to the ×1 position.
As the selector switch moves from the ×100 to ×10 a meter
transient will occur. This transient is caused by an internal range
relay and is normal.
Allow time for the ×1 scale to stabilize.
Press and hold the RESET button. Adjust the ZERO ADJUST knob until
a meter reading of zero is obtained. Release the RESET button.
The RESET circuit grounds the chamber and opens the chamber
connection to the electrometer. This would normally cause a
transient on the ×1 or ×10 scale. The meter needle will, on these
two ranges, display a “countdown” from five to zero when the
RESET is pressed, and also when it is released. On these two
lower ranges the user should hold the RESET down for five
seconds to allow the transient to decay.
Expose the instrument to a check source. Observe that the meter reading
increases as the check source gets closer to the instrument.
The depressions on the side of the instrument housing indicate the
center of the chamber.
Open the beta shield and expose the check source to the center of the
chamber window. The instrument reading should be within 20% of the
check source reference after settling time.
Damage to the metallized polyester window on the back side of
the instrument may result when the slide is open if careful
instrument handling is not practiced. The window is fragile and
may be punctured quite easily.
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MODEL 9-4
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Technical Manual
Section 4
Section
Technical Theory of Operation
Chamber
The chamber housing is constructed from acrylic and is coated inside and
outside with carbon. The internal wall is maintained at approximately -90
volts. The external wall is at guard potential (approximately 1.5 volts).
The electrode is connected to the electrometer input and is maintained at
guard potential by the electrometer.
Chamber Window
The chamber window consists of three parts. The beta shield is 1000 mg/cm²
phenolic. One layer of 3.5 mg/cm² aluminized metallized polyester is glued to
the bottom of the can. One layer of 3.5 mg/cm² aluminized metallized
polyester covers the ion chamber, resulting in a window thickness of 7
mg/cm² with the beta slide open and a 1000 mg/cm2 window with the beta
slide closed.
Electrometer
The electrometer consists of U1, R2, and supporting components. On the
×1 scale, RL1 and RL2 are open. With conduction in the chamber to the
negative wall, pin 8 of U1 goes slightly negative causing pin 4 of U1 to go
positive, drawing current through R2, holding pin 8 of U1 near the guard
voltage (+1.5 volts).
With the chamber exposed to a 5 mR/hr field, the chamber current will be
approximately 70 fA (70 x 10-15 amps) and electrometer output voltage will
be 35 mV (0.035 V) relative to the guard voltage. At 50 mR/hr on the x10
range, the output voltage will be 350 mV (0.35 V) relative to the guard
voltage.
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MODEL 9-4
Technical Manual
Section 4
Range Change
When the instrument is switched to the ×100, ×1K, or ×10K range, RL1
is closed, reducing the feedback resistance to approximately 4.2 x 109
ohms. At 500 mR/hr on the x100 range, the chamber current will be
approximately 7 pA (7 x 10-12 amps) and the voltage out at pin 6 of U1
will be approximately 30 mV (0.03 V). Full-scale voltage outputs relative
to the guard voltage for the x1K and x10K are 300 mV (0.3 V) and 3 V
respectively.
Reset
Relay RL2 allows the chamber to be shorted to guard and the electrometer to
be isolated for input bias current compensation.
Offset Adjustment
The electrometer op amp will have some offset voltage. Internal calibration
control R111 will provide an offset voltage that can be adjusted to null out
the electrometer offset voltage. Place instrument in a field less than 0.1
mR/hr, then select the ×100 scale and adjust R111 for zero meter reading.
Zero Adjust
The primary function of the zero adjust is to control input bias current in the
electrometer. With the RESET (SW1) closed, the reset relay (RL2) opens the
electrometer input and shorts the chamber output to guard. With the
RESET held closed, input bias current is adjusted with the zero control for a
zero meter dial reading.
Allow a five-second recovery period for the meter to settle before
and after using the RESET button on the ×1 and ×10 scales.
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MODEL 9-4
Technical Manual
Section 4
Range Calibration
Full-scale voltage for the electrometer output, pin 4 of U1 (electrometer
board 5293-711) is approximately +0.03 volts for the ×1 range; 0.3 volts for
the ×10 range; +0.03 volts for the ×100; and +0.3 volts for the ×1K range.
The ×10K range will be somewhat lower than +3 volts due to nonlinear
collection.
On the ×1 scale, the electrometer voltage is coupled through the analog
switch U102A to a series of op amps. U101 provides gain. U100 provides
gain and reduces the output and reference from guard voltage to 0.2 volts.
Voltage output at pin 1, U100 is approximately 2 volts at full scale. Higher
scales follow the same scheme through the analog switches selected by the
range switch.
The output voltage of U100 is connected to microprocessor U110 which
allows calibration, temperature correction, and altitude compensation.
The signal reference voltage is 0.2 volts at the output of DA converter U112,
allowing a below-zero meter reading when adjusting the zero control.
Range Changing
The microprocessor U110 detects the selected range and then selects the
appropriate analog switch (U102A, U102B, or U103A) for the signal.
A calibration constant is then provided by the microprocessor for each range.
In the special case of ×10K scale, the microprocessor also provides a
linearity correction.
Each range may be calibrated by a calibration equipment kit when connected
to P102.
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MODEL 9-4
Technical Manual
Section 4
Power Supplies
Six voltages are provided for instrument operation.
U108 and associated components generate -90 volts for chamber wall
voltage. The supply will run continually with the instrument off if the jumper
is placed between pins 1 and 2 of JP100. If the operator chooses to have wall
voltage off with the instrument switched off, then the jumper should be
moved to pins 2 and 3 of JP100.
U105 and associated components generate +5 volts for the main board
circuits.
U106 provides regulated +2.5 volt reference.
VR100 provides +4.85 volts for the electrometer.
U107 and associated components provides 1.5 volt guard voltage for the
electrometer.
U104 provides meter reference of 0.2 volts.
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MODEL 9-4
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Technical Manual
Section 5
Section
Cleaning and Maintenance
Precautions
Instrument maintenance consists of keeping the instrument clean and
periodically checking the batteries, desiccants, and calibration. The Model 9-4
(excluding chamber window) may be cleaned externally with a damp cloth,
using only water as the wetting agent. Do not immerse the instrument in any
liquid. Observe the following precautions when cleaning or performing
maintenance on the instrument:
1. Turn the instrument OFF and remove the batteries.
2. Allow the instrument to sit for one minute before cleaning the
exterior or accessing any internal components for maintenance.
Accessing internal components for maintenance
increases the risk of electrical shock if these steps are
not followed.
Maintenance
RECALIBRATION
Recalibration should be accomplished after maintenance or adjustments have
been performed on the instrument. Recalibration is not normally required
following instrument cleaning, desiccant servicing, or battery replacement.
Ludlum Measurements, Inc. recommends recalibration at intervals
no greater than one year. Check the appropriate regulations to
determine required recalibration intervals.
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MODEL 9-4
Technical Manual
Section 5
Ludlum Measurements offers a full-service repair and calibration department.
We not only repair and calibrate our own instruments, but also most other
manufacturers’ instruments. Calibration procedures are available upon request
for customers who choose to calibrate their own instruments.
STORAGE
The batteries may be removed any time the instrument is placed into storage.
Battery leakage may cause corrosion on the battery contacts, which must be
scraped off and/or washed using a paste solution made from baking soda and
water.
Although this instrument will operate at very high ambient
temperatures, battery seal failure may occur at temperatures as low
as 37 °C (100 °F). Should battery seal failure occur, it may result
in corrosion on the battery contacts.
DESICCANT
Remove the instrument can and observe the translucent plastic desiccant box.
If the desiccant is blue, close the can and use the instrument. If the desiccant
is pink, replace with a fresh box. The restraining strap may be loosened by
pressing the center tab toward the strap.
The silica used in the desiccant box may
cause irritation to the skin if handled
directly. Please take the necessary
precautions to avoid long-term physical
contact with the silica. Should handling of the product be required,
avoid rubbing your eyes or placing your hands in or around your
mouth as the silica may also cause an irritation of the digestive
tract. Wash with mild soap and water after handling.
The pink (wet) desiccant may be recycled by placing it in an oven at 116 °C
(240 °F) for three hours or in a microwave on the high setting for 20 seconds.
If water vapor is apparent, wipe off the water and heat for another 20
seconds.
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MODEL 9-4
Technical Manual
Section 5
Repeat until the box and desiccant appear dry. When fully dried out, the
desiccant will be blue in color.
The desiccant box may be HOT when removed
from the microwave or oven! Please use caution so
as to avoid burning your skin.
If the instrument is stored in an area with high humidity, rapid changes in
temperature should be avoided. A storage cabinet with a light bulb inside is
one means of keeping the instrument in a slightly warmer-than-ambient
temperature environment in order to prevent problems from rapid changes in
temperature and humidity.
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MODEL 9-4
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Technical Manual
Section 6
Section
Specifications
0
Linearity: reading within 10% of true value
Range: 0-500 mSv/h (0-50,000 mR/hr)
Chamber:
Chamber Wall Construction: carbon-coated acrylic
3
Chamber Volume: 220 cm
2
Window: 7 mg/cm
Window Area:
(13.4 in3)
metallized polyester
40 cm2 (6.2 in2)
2
Beta Shield: retractable 1000 mg/cm
Beta Factor:
phenolic slide
with the instrument exposed to a depleted uranium slab of
234 mrad/hr:
Reading with slide open: 50 mR/hr
Reading with slide closed: 1.2 mR/hr
Thus, Beta Factor = 234 divided by (50 minus 1.2) = 4.8
Energy Response: within 20% of true value from 40 keV to 2 MeV
Magnetic Field Exposure: per ANSI 42-17A, magnetic fields of 800 A/m
cause less than a 15% deviation in instrument response
Multipliers: ×1, ×10, ×100, ×1K, and ×10K selected by a front-panel
range selector switch. Transient meter movement will occur when switching
between the ×10 and ×100 ranges; allow three seconds for the meter to
stabilize upscale, 15 seconds to stabilize downscale.
Noise: Approximately every three minutes an up-scale “kick” may be noted
on the ×1 scale. This is due to normal cosmic background radiation.
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MODEL 9-4
Technical Manual
Section 6
Response: approximately five seconds for 90% of final meter deflection on
the ×1 and ×10 scales, and three seconds on the ×100, ×1K, and ×10K
scales
Warm-up Time: For the ×1 scale and if the wall voltage option is on with the
instrument off, the scale will settle within 0.1 mR/hr within three minutes. If
the wall voltage option is off, allow 15 minutes for the ×1 scale to settle
within 0.1 mR/hr.
Reset: The RESET circuit grounds the chamber and opens the chamber
connection to the electrometer. This would normally cause a transient on the
×1 or ×10 scale. The meter needle will, on these two ranges, display a
“countdown” from five to zero when the RESET is pressed, and also when
it is released. On these two lower ranges the user should hold the RESET
down for five seconds to allow the transient to decay.
Zero Adjust: a control allowing limited background subtract and also used to
compensate electrometer drift
Battery Check: Batteries are good if the meter needle is above the BAT
OK
mark when the BAT TEST pushbutton is pressed. At 2.1 Vdc the meter
needle will drop to the edge of the BAT OK area when the BAT TEST
pushbutton is pressed.
Battery Dependence: Instrument calibration change is less than 5% within
battery check limits on the meter.
Battery Life: approximately 400 hours of normal use without display light;
battery life with instrument off but with wall voltage being maintained is
approximately six months
Construction: cast and drawn aluminum with beige powder coating and
subsurface printed Lexan labels
Dimensions: 23.4 x 8.9 x 21.6 cm (9.2 x 3.5 x 8.5 in.) (H x W x L), including
instrument handle
Humidity Range:
40% to 90% relative humidity maintains reading within
15% of standard conditions (40% RH at 22 °C reading)
Meter: 6.4 cm (2.5 in.) arc,
Meter Dial: BAT
Ludlum Measurements, Inc.
mA, pivot-and-jewel suspension
TEST, 0-5 mR/hr linear for ×1 through ×10K ranges
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MODEL 9-4
Technical Manual
Section 6
Pollution: Degree 3 (as defined by IEC 664) (Due to condensation,
conductive pollution or dry nonconductive pollution that becomes
conductive occurs. This is found in industrial environments or
construction sites, considered harsh environments.)
Power: two “D” cell batteries housed in a sealed externally accessible
compartment
-20 to 50 °C (-4 to 122 °F); temperature
compensation maintains calibration within 20% of 22 °C (72 °F) reading
over the entire temperature range
Temperature Range:
Weight: 1.9 kg (4.2 lb), including batteries
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MODEL 9-4
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Technical Manual
Section 7
Section
Recycling
L
udlum Measurements, Inc. supports the recycling of the electronics
products it produces for the purpose of protecting the environment
and to comply with all regional, national, and international agencies
that promote economically and environmentally sustainable recycling
systems. To this end, Ludlum Measurements, Inc. strives to supply the
consumer of its goods with information regarding reuse and recycling of the
many different types of materials used in its products. With many different
agencies – public and private – involved in this pursuit, it becomes evident
that a myriad of methods can be used in the process of recycling. Therefore,
Ludlum Measurements, Inc. does not suggest one particular method over
another, but simply desires to inform its consumers of the range of recyclable
materials present in its products, so that the user will have flexibility in
following all local and federal laws.
The following types of recyclable materials are present in Ludlum
Measurements, Inc. electronic products, and should be recycled separately.
The list is not all-inclusive, nor does it suggest that all materials are present in
each piece of equipment:
Batteries
Glass
Aluminum and Stainless Steel
Circuit Boards
Plastics
Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)
Ludlum Measurements, Inc. products, which have been placed on the market
after August 13, 2005, have been labeled with a symbol recognized
internationally as the “crossed-out wheelie bin.” This symbol notifies the
consumer that the product is not to be mixed with unsorted municipal waste
when discarding; each material must be separated. The symbol will be placed
near the AC receptacle, except for portable equipment where it will be placed
on the battery lid.
The symbol appears as such:
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MODEL 9-4
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Technical Manual
Section 8
Section
Parts List
The following parts are included with the Model 9-4 Five-Range Ion
Chamber (Part Number 48-3739)
Reference
Description
Part Number
Model 9-4 Ion
Chamber
Figures 1 and 4
Model 9-4 Ion Chamber
W/O Accessories
4293-646
Batteries
Figure 2-1 (x2)
Duracell D-Cell
Alkaline Batteries
21-9313
Handle
Handle
Portable (Grip)
7363-139
Screws
6-32 x 3/8 Flat Button
Head Stainless Steel Screws
17-8519
Washers
#6 Stainless Steel Internal
Tooth Lock Washer
20-9009
Shielding
Model 9-4 Chamber Top
Co-Netic Shield
7536-223
Model 9-4 Chamber Top
Netic Shield
7536-224
Manual
Model 9-4
User’s Manual
Model 9-4
Calibration
Certificate
Certificate of Calibration
(Valid for 1 Year)
FORM C22A
Ludlum Measurements, Inc.
Page 18
May 2013
MODEL 9-4
Technical Manual
Section 8
The Model 9-4 Five-Range Ion Chamber w/Case (Part Number 48-3701)
includes all the parts included with the 48-3739 as well as the following:
Storm CS-DSI-iM2300
Storm Case
Main Circuit Board,
Drawing 293 × 711
Completely Assembled
Main Circuit Board
5293-711
Reference
C100
C101
C102,C103
C104
C105
C106
C107
C108
C109
C110
C111
C112
C113- C116
C118- C119
C120
C121, C122
C123
C124, C125
C126
C127
C128
C129
C130
C131, C132
C133
Description
1uF, 35V
0.01uF, 200V
0.47uF, 50V
10uF, 10V-DT
1uF, 35V
0.01uF, 200V
1uF, 35V
0.001uF, 100V
68uF, 10V
0.1uF, 100V
1uF, 50V
0.001uF, 100V
0.01uF, 200V
0.01uF, 200V
0.47uF, 100V
0.01uF, 200V
68uF, 10V
0.1uF, 100V
0.01uF, 200V
0.1uF, 100V
1uF, 16V
0.01uF, 50V
0.47uF, 100V
0.47uF, 100V
0.1uF, 100V
Part Number
04-5656
04-5747
04-5760
04-5766
04-5656
04-5725
04-5656
04-5659
04-5654
04-5792
04-5708
04-5659
04-5765
04-5765
04-5776
04-5765
04-5654
04-5792
04-5725
04-5792
04-5701
04-5664
04-5760
04-5776
04-5792
TRANSISTORS
Q100
Q102
Q103, Q104
SI2301BDS-TI
SI2301BDS-TI
2N7002LT1G
07-6486
07-6486
05-5840
INTEGRATED
CIRCUITS
U100, U101
U102, U103
U104
LMC7111BIM5X
MAX4542ESA
LMC7111BIM5X
06-6410
06-6453
06-6410
CAPACITORS
Ludlum Measurements, Inc.
BOARD
2311063
Medium Black
Page 19
May 2013
MODEL 9-4
Technical Manual
Section 8
Reference
Description
Part Number
U105
U106
U107
U108
U109
U110
U111
U112
U113
U114
U115
LT1304CS8-5
LT1790BIS6-2.5
LMC7111BIM5X
LT1617ES5-1
SM5420-030-A-P-T
PIC18LF2520-I/SO
INA126UA
MCP4822-E/SN
MCP9800AOT-M/OTG
MAX809JTRG
LMC7111BIM5X
06-6434
06-6691
06-6410
06-6760
2311127
06-6696
06-6726
06-6722
06-6687
06-6423
06-6410
DIODES
CR100
CR101-CR103
CR104
CR105
CR106
CR107
CMSH1-40M
CMPD2005S
MMBZ5270BL
CMPD2005S
CMPSH-3 TR
CMPD3003S
07-6411
07-6468
07-6474
07-6468
07-6489
07-6515
RESISTORS
R100
R101
R102
R103
R104
R105
R106
R107
R108
R109
R111
R112
R113
R114
R115
R116
R117
R118
R119
R121
R122
R124
R125
100K, 250mW, 1%
365K, 250mW, 1%
61.9K, 250mW, 1%
1M, 250mW, 1%
22.1Ohm, 250mW, 1%
100K, 250mW, 1%
365K, 250mW, 1%
15K, 250mW, 1%
47.5K, 250mW, 1%
27K, 250mW, 1%
100K, 3266X1-104
154K, 250mW, 1%
221Ohm, 250mW, 1%
249K, 250mW, 1%
82.5K, 250mW, 1%
1.5M, 250mW, 1%
27K, 250mW, 1%
82.5K, 250mW, 1%
1M, 250mW, 1%
182K, 250mW, 1%
90.9K, 250mW, 1%
61.9K, 250mW, 1%
499K, 250mW, 1%
12-7834
12-7049
12-7026
12-7844
12-7055
12-7834
12-7049
12-7998
12-7872
12-7243
09-6823
12-7197
12-7017
12-7862
12-7849
12-7987
12-7243
12-7849
12-7844
12-7860
12-7224
12-7026
12-7037
Ludlum Measurements, Inc.
Page 20
May 2013
MODEL 9-4
Technical Manual
Section 8
R126
R128
R130
R131
R134
R135
R136
R137
R138
R139
R140
R141-R143
R144
R145
R146-R149
R150
R151
R152, R153
R154
R155
R156
R157
R158
R159
R160
R161
R162
R163
10M, 250mW, 1%
750K, 250mW, 1%
10M, 250mW, 1%
3.01M, 250mW, 1%
100K, 250mW, 1%
221K, 250mW, 1%
10K, 250mW, 1%
1M, 250mW, 1%
1K, 250mW, 1%
1.96K, 250mW, 1%
1K, 250mW, 1%
1M, 250mW, 1%
1K, 250mW, 1%
100Ohm, 250mW, 1%
1M, 250mW, 1%
1K, 250mW, 1%
221K, 250mW, 1%
1M, 250mW, 1%
100Ohm, 250mW, 1%
1M, 250mW, 1%
100Ohm, 250mW, 1%
1K, 250mW, 1%
47.5K, 250mW, 1%
100K, 3266X1-104
124K, 250mW, 1%
1MK, 250mW, 1%
10K, 250mW, 1%
301Ohm, 250mW, 1%
12-7996
12-7882
12-7996
12-720
12-7834
12-7845
12-7839
12-7844
12-7832
12-7065
12-7832
12-7844
12-7832
12-7840
12-7844
12-7832
12-7845
12-7844
12-7840
12-7844
12-7840
12-7832
12-7872
09-6823
12-7032
12-7844
12-7839
12-7863
CONNECTORS
P100
P101
P102
P103
P104
1-640456-0 MTA100×10
640456-3 MTA100×3
53014-0610MOLEX
640456-5 MTA100×5
640456-4 MTA100×4
13-8066
13-8081
13-8974
13-8057
13-8088
SWITCHES
SW100
SW101
SW102
SW103
3S1-SP9-B8-M2QE
D5G0206S-9802
3S1-SP9-B8-M2QE
A123S1CWCQ
7464-186
08-6761
7464-186
08-6781
JP100
L100, L101
5-146280-3
22uH
13-8571
21-9808
MISCELLANEOUS
Ludlum Measurements, Inc.
Page 21
May 2013
MODEL 9-4
Electrometer Board,
Drawing 293 × 670
Technical Manual
BOARD
Section 8
Completely Assembled
Electrometer Board
5293-442
CAPACITORS
C1
2pF, 200V
04-5726
INTEGRATED
CIRCUIT
U1
IC-LMP7721MA
06-6728
DIODES
CR1-CR2
CMPSH-3
07-6489
RESISTORS
R1
R2
R3
R6
R7
R8
R9
1M, 1/4W, 1%
500G, 330mW, 20%
4.2G, 1W, 10%
27K, 1/4W, 1%
500G, 330mW, 20%
1M, 1/4W, 1%
27K, 1/4W, 1%
12-7844
12-7248
12-8022
12-7243
12-7248
12-7844
12-7243
RL1
Bobbin Assembly
SPST-NC MDSR-7 Reed Assy.
Bobbin Assembly
SPDT MDRR-DT Reed Assy.
4293-541
7293-532
4293-538
7293-543
1-640456-0 MTA100×10
103186-1
13-8066
13-847
RELAYS
RL2
CONNECTORS
Ludlum Measurements, Inc.
P1
P2
Page 22
May 2013
MODEL 9-4
9
Technical Manual
Section 9
Section
Drawings
MAIN BOARD SCHEMATIC, Drawing 293 × 711 (4 Sheets)
MAIN BOARD LAYOUT 293 × 712 (2 Sheets)
ELECTROMETER BOARD, Drawing 293 × 670
ELECTROMETER BOARD LAYOUT 293 × 672
Ludlum Measurements, Inc.
Page 23
May 2013