ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switches Command Reference

Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch
Command Reference
Cisco IOS Release 12.2(52)EY
October 2010
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Text Part Number: OL-23401-01
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
© 2010 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
CONTENTS
Preface
xiii
Audience
Purpose
xiii
xiii
Conventions
xiv
Related Publications
xiv
Obtaining Documentation and Submitting a Service Request
CHAPTER
1
Using the Command-Line Interface
xv
1-1
CLI Command Modes 1-1
User EXEC Mode 1-2
Privileged EXEC Mode 1-3
Global Configuration Mode 1-3
Interface Configuration Mode 1-4
VLAN Configuration Mode 1-4
Line Configuration Mode 1-4
CHAPTER
2
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch
Cisco IOS Commands 2-1
action
2-1
alarm-contact
2-3
archive download-sw
archive tar
2-8
archive upload-sw
bandwidth
2-5
2-11
2-13
boot config-file
boot helper
2-16
2-17
boot helper-config-file
boot manual
2-19
boot private-config-file
boot system
2-20
2-21
channel-group
channel-protocol
class
2-18
2-22
2-25
2-26
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Contents
class-map
clear ipc
2-28
2-30
clear lacp
2-31
clear logging onboard
2-32
clear mac address-table
clear pagp
2-33
2-35
clear rep counters
2-36
clear spanning-tree counters
conform-action
2-37
2-39
controller BITS input applique
2-41
controller BITS output applique
controller BITS shutdown
2-45
copy logging onboard module
define interface-range
delete
2-43
2-46
2-48
2-50
deny (MAC access-list configuration)
diagnostic schedule test
diagnostic start test
duplex
2-51
2-54
2-56
2-58
errdisable detect cause
errdisable recovery
ethernet evc
2-65
ethernet lmi
2-66
2-60
2-62
ethernet oam remote-failure
ethernet uni id
2-69
exceed-action
2-70
flowcontrol
2-68
2-72
hw-module module logging onboard
interface port-channel
interface range
interface vlan
ip igmp filter
2-76
2-78
2-80
ip access-group
ip address
2-74
2-82
2-85
2-87
ip igmp max-groups
2-88
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ip igmp profile
2-90
ip igmp snooping
2-92
ip igmp snooping last-member-query-interval
ip igmp snooping report-suppression
ip igmp snooping tcn
2-95
2-97
ip igmp snooping tcn flood
2-98
ip igmp snooping vlan immediate-leave
ip igmp snooping vlan mrouter
ip igmp snooping vlan static
ip ssh
2-99
2-100
2-102
2-104
l2protocol
l2 vfi
2-93
2-105
2-107
lacp port-priority
2-109
lacp system-priority
2-111
location (global configuration)
2-113
location (interface configuration)
logging event
logging file
2-115
2-117
2-118
mac access-group
2-120
mac access-list extended
2-122
mac address-table aging-time
mac address-table learning
2-124
2-126
mac address-table move update
mac address-table notification
mac address-table static
macro apply
2-128
2-130
2-132
2-134
macro description
macro global
2-136
2-137
macro global description
2-139
match (access-map configuration)
match access-group
match cos
2-140
2-142
2-143
match discard-class
match ip dscp
2-145
2-146
match ip precedence
2-148
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Contents
match mpls experimental topmost
match qos-group
match vlan
2-152
2-154
mdix auto
mtu
2-150
2-156
2-158
network-clock-select
2-159
network-clock-select hold-off timeout
network-clock-select hold-timeout
network-clock-select mode
2-160
2-161
2-163
network-clock-select option
2-164
network-clock-select output
2-165
network-clock-select wait-to-restore-timeout
oam protocol cfm svlan
pagp learn-method
2-167
2-168
pagp port-priority
2-170
permit (MAC access-list configuration)
police
2-179
port-channel load-balance
port-type
2-182
2-184
2-185
ql-enabled rep-segment
queue-limit
2-187
2-188
rep admin vlan
2-191
rep block port
2-192
rep lsl-age-timer
2-195
rep preempt delay
2-197
rep preempt segment
rep segment
rep stcn
2-172
2-175
policy-map
priority
2-166
2-199
2-200
2-203
reserved-only
2-204
rmon collection stats
service instance
2-205
2-206
service password-recovery
2-208
service-policy (interface and service-instance configuration modes)
2-210
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set cos
2-212
set discard-class
set dscp
2-215
set mpls
2-217
2-214
set network-clocks
set precedence
set qos-group
setup
2-219
2-221
2-223
2-225
shape average
2-228
show access-lists
2-230
show archive status
show boot
2-233
2-234
show cable-diagnostics tdr
show class-map
2-236
2-238
show controllers bits
2-239
show controllers cpu-interface
2-240
show controllers ethernet-controller
show controllers utilization
show diagnostic
show env
2-242
2-247
2-249
2-253
show errdisable detect
2-256
show errdisable flap-values
show errdisable recovery
show etherchannel
2-258
2-260
2-262
show ethernet service evc
show flowcontrol
show interfaces
2-265
2-266
2-268
show interfaces counters
show interfaces rep
2-275
2-278
show interfaces transceiver
show inventory
2-280
2-283
show ip igmp profile
show ip igmp snooping
2-284
2-285
show ip igmp snooping groups
show ip igmp snooping mrouter
2-287
2-289
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show ipc
2-290
show lacp
2-294
show location
2-298
show logging onboard
2-301
show mac access-group
2-305
show mac address-table
2-307
show mac address-table address
2-309
show mac address-table aging-time
2-311
show mac address-table bridge-domain
show mac address-table count
2-313
2-315
show mac address-table dynamic
2-317
show mac address-table interface
2-319
show mac address-table learning
2-321
show mac address-table move update
show mac address-table notification
show mac address-table static
show mac address-table vlan
show network-clocks
show pagp
show policy-map
2-328
2-330
2-334
2-339
show rep topology
2-341
show spanning-tree
2-344
show storm-control
2-350
show udld
2-352
show version
2-354
2-356
2-358
show vlan access-map
show vlan filter
shutdown
2-326
2-336
show port-type
show vlan
2-324
2-332
show parser macro
show vfi
2-322
2-361
2-362
2-363
shutdown vlan
2-364
snmp mib rep trap-rate
snmp-server enable traps
2-365
2-366
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snmp-server host
2-370
snmp trap mac-notification change
spanning-tree bpdufilter
2-376
spanning-tree bpduguard
spanning-tree cost
2-374
2-378
2-380
spanning-tree etherchannel guard misconfig
spanning-tree extend system-id
spanning-tree guard
2-382
2-384
2-385
spanning-tree link-type
2-387
spanning-tree loopguard default
spanning-tree mode
2-389
2-391
spanning-tree mst configuration
spanning-tree mst cost
2-392
2-394
spanning-tree mst forward-time
spanning-tree mst hello-time
spanning-tree mst max-age
2-396
2-397
2-398
spanning-tree mst max-hops
2-399
spanning-tree mst port-priority
2-400
spanning-tree mst pre-standard
spanning-tree mst priority
spanning-tree mst root
2-402
2-403
2-404
spanning-tree port-priority
2-406
spanning-tree portfast (global configuration)
2-408
spanning-tree portfast (interface configuration)
spanning-tree vlan
speed
2-410
2-412
2-415
storm-control
switchport
2-417
2-420
switchport access vlan
2-422
switchport backup interface
switchport block
switchport host
2-424
2-428
2-430
switchport mode
2-431
switchport trunk
2-433
system env temperature threshold alert
2-435
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Contents
test cable-diagnostics tdr
traceroute mac
2-437
traceroute mac ip
udld
2-440
2-442
udld port
2-444
udld reset
2-446
uni count
2-447
uni-vlan
2-449
violate-action
vlan
2-450
2-452
vlan access-map
2-455
vlan dot1q tag native
vlan filter
vpn id
A
2-457
2-458
2-459
xconnect
APPENDIX
2-436
2-460
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch
Boot Loader Commands A-1
arp
A-2
boot
cat
A-3
A-5
copy
A-6
delete
dir
A-7
A-8
flash_init
format
A-10
A-11
fsck
A-12
help
A-13
memory
A-14
mgmt_clr
A-15
mgmt_init
mgmt_show
mkdir
A-18
more
A-19
peek
A-20
ping
A-21
A-16
A-17
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poke
A-22
rename
A-23
reset
A-24
rmdir
A-25
set
A-26
set_param
sleep
type
unset
A-30
A-31
A-32
version
APPENDIX
B
A-29
A-34
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch
Debug Commands B-1
debug bridge-domain
debug etherchannel
B-2
B-3
debug ethernet service
debug interface
B-4
B-6
debug ip igmp filter
B-7
debug ip igmp max-groups
debug ip igmp snooping
debug lacp
B-8
B-9
B-10
debug mac-notification
debug matm
B-11
B-12
debug matm move
debug nvram
B-13
B-14
debug pagp
B-15
debug pm
B-16
debug rep
B-18
debug qos
B-19
debug spanning-tree
B-20
debug spanning-tree bpdu
B-22
debug spanning-tree bpdu-opt
debug spanning-tree mstp
B-24
debug spanning-tree switch
debug spanning-tree vlan-shim
debug sw-vlan
B-23
B-26
B-28
B-30
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Contents
debug sw-vlan ifs
B-31
debug sw-vlan notification
debug udld
debug vfi
debug vrrp
B-34
B-36
B-37
debug xconnect
APPENDIX
C
B-32
B-38
Acknowledgments for Open-Source Software
C-1
INDEX
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Preface
Audience
This guide is for the networking professional using the Cisco IOS command-line interface (CLI) to
manage the Cisco Metro Ethernet (ME) 3800X and ME 3600X switches, hereafter referred to as the
switch. Before using this guide, you should have experience working with the Cisco IOS commands and
the switch software features. You should also have experience working with the concepts and
terminology of Ethernet and local area networking.
Purpose
If you have a service support contract and order a software license or if you order a switch, you receive
the universal software image, available in crypto an noncrypto versions. If you do not have a service
support contract, such as a SMARTnet contract, download the image from Cisco.com.
The ME 3600X supports these licenses:
•
Metro IP access is the universal image.
•
Advanced Metro IP access license.
•
10 Gigabit Ethernet upgrade license.
The ME 3800X supports these licenses plus a scaled license that can be installed with any of these
licenses to increase the supported values for that license, for example, more MAC addresses, VLANs,
IPv4 routes, and so on. You must purchase the scaled license.
•
Metro Ethernet services is the universal image.
•
Metro IP services license.
•
Metro Aggregation services license.
For differences in feature support for each license, see the software configuration guide.
To install a software image, see the switch release notes and the “Working with the Cisco IOS File
System, Configuration Files, and Software Images” chapter in the software configuration guide.
This guide provides the information you need about the Layer 2 and Layer 3 commands that have been
created or changed for use with the switch. For information about the standard Cisco IOS commands, see
Master Index for Cisco IOS Software Release 12.4 from this page:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps6350/tsd_products_support_series_home.html
This guide does not provide procedures for configuring your switch. For detailed configuration
procedures, see the software configuration guide for this release.
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Preface
This guide does not describe system messages you might encounter. For more information, see the
system message guide for this release.
For the latest documentation updates, see the release notes for this release.
Conventions
This publication uses these conventions to convey instructions and information:
Command descriptions use these conventions:
•
Commands and keywords are in boldface text.
•
Arguments for which you supply values are in italic.
•
Square brackets ([ ]) means optional elements.
•
Braces ( ) group required choices, and vertical bars ( | ) separate the alternative elements.
•
Braces and vertical bars within square brackets ([{ | }]) mean a required choice within an optional
element.
Interactive examples use these conventions:
•
Terminal sessions and system displays are in screen font.
•
Information you enter is in boldface screen font.
•
Nonprinting characters, such as passwords or tabs, are in angle brackets (< >).
Notes, cautions, and warnings use these conventions and symbols:
Note
Caution
Means reader take note. Notes contain helpful suggestions or references to materials not contained in
this manual.
Means reader be careful. In this situation, you might do something that could result in equipment
damage or loss of data.
Related Publications
These documents provide complete information about the switch and are available from these Cisco.com
sites:
ME 3800X switch:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps10965/tsd_products_support_series_home.html
ME 3600X switch:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps10956/tsd_products_support_series_home.html
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Preface
Note
Before installing, configuring, or upgrading the switch, see these documents:
•
For initial configuration information, see the “Configuring the Switch with the CLI-Based Setup
Program” appendix in the hardware installation guide.
•
For upgrading information, see the “Downloading Software” section in the release notes.
•
Release Notes for the Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch
Note
See the release notes on Cisco.com for the latest information.
•
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Software Configuration Guide
•
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
•
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X System Message Guide
•
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Hardware Installation Guide
•
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Getting Started Guide
•
Installation Note for the Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Power-Supply and Fan Modules
•
Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information for the Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switches
•
Cisco Small Form-Factor Pluggable Modules Installation Notes
•
Cisco CWDM GBIC and CWDM SFP Installation Notes
These compatibility matrix documents are available from this Cisco.com site:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/modules/ps5455/products_device_support_tables_list.html
•
Cisco Gigabit Ethernet Transceiver Modules Compatibility Matrix
•
Cisco 100-Megabit Ethernet SFP Modules Compatibility Matrix
•
Cisco CWDM SFP Transceiver Compatibility Matrix
•
Cisco Small Form-Factor Pluggable Modules Compatibility Matrix
•
Compatibility Matrix for 1000BASE-T Small Form-Factor Pluggable Modules
Obtaining Documentation and Submitting a Service Request
For information on obtaining documentation, submitting a service request, and gathering additional
information, see the monthly What’s New in Cisco Product Documentation, which also lists all new and
revised Cisco technical documentation, at:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/general/whatsnew/whatsnew.html
Subscribe to the What’s New in Cisco Product Documentation as a Really Simple Syndication (RSS) feed
and set content to be delivered directly to your desktop using a reader application. The RSS feeds are a free
service and Cisco currently supports RSS version 2.0.
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Preface
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CH A P T E R
1
Using the Command-Line Interface
The Cisco Metro Ethernet (ME) 3400E Series Ethernet Access switch is supported by Cisco IOS
software. This chapter describes how to use the switch command-line interface (CLI) to configure
software features.
For a complete description command descriptions, see these sections:
•
For the configuration and monitoring commands that support these features, see Chapter 2, “Cisco
ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Cisco IOS Commands.”
•
For information on the boot loader commands, see Appendix A, “Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X
Switch Boot Loader Commands.”
•
For information on the debug commands, see Appendix B, “Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X
Switch Debug Commands.”
•
For information on the show platform commands, see Appendix C, “Cisco ME 3800X and ME
3600X Switch Show Platform Commands.”
•
For more information on Cisco IOS Release 12.2, see the Cisco IOS Release 12.2 Command
Summary.
For task-oriented configuration steps, see the software configuration guide for this release.
In this document, unless otherwise specified, IP refers to IP version 4 (IPv4).
CLI Command Modes
This section describes the CLI command mode structure. Command modes support specific Cisco IOS
commands. For example, the interface interface-id command only works when entered in global
configuration mode.
These are the main command modes for the switch:
•
User EXEC
•
Privileged EXEC
•
Global configuration
•
Interface configuration
•
VLAN configuration
•
Line configuration
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Chapter 1
Using the Command-Line Interface
CLI Command Modes
Table 1-1 lists the main command modes, how to access each mode, the prompt you see in that mode,
and how to exit that mode. The prompts listed use the default name Switch.
Table 1-1
Command Modes Summary
Command Mode
Access Method
Prompt
Exit or Access Next Mode
User EXEC
This is the first level of access.
Switch>
Enter the logout command.
Privileged EXEC
(For the switch) Change terminal
settings, perform basic tasks, and
list system information.
To enter privileged EXEC mode, enter
the enable command.
From user EXEC mode, enter the Switch#
enable command.
To exit to user EXEC mode, enter the
disable command.
To enter global configuration mode,
enter the configure command.
Global
configuration
From privileged EXEC mode,
enter the configure command.
Switch(config)#
To exit to privileged EXEC mode,
enter the exit or end command, or
press Ctrl-Z.
To enter interface configuration mode,
enter the interface configuration
command.
Interface
configuration
VLAN
configuration
From global configuration mode, Switch(config-if)#
specify an interface by entering
the interface command followed
by an interface identification.
To exit to privileged EXEC mode,
enter the end command, or press
Ctrl-Z.
Switch(config-vlan)#
In global configuration mode,
enter the vlan vlan-id command.
To exit to global configuration mode,
enter the exit command.
To exit to global configuration mode,
enter the exit command.
To return to privileged EXEC mode,
enter the end command, or press
Ctrl-Z.
Line configuration
From global configuration mode, Switch(config-line)#
specify a line by entering the line
command.
To exit to global configuration mode,
enter the exit command.
To return to privileged EXEC mode,
enter the end command, or press
Ctrl-Z.
User EXEC Mode
After you access the device, you are automatically in user EXEC command mode. The EXEC commands
available at the user level are a subset of those available at the privileged level. In general, use the user
EXEC commands to temporarily change terminal settings, perform basic tests, and list system
information.
The supported commands can vary depending on the version of software in use. To display a
comprehensive list of commands, enter a question mark (?) at the prompt.
Switch> ?
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Chapter 1
Using the Command-Line Interface
CLI Command Modes
Privileged EXEC Mode
Because many of the privileged commands configure operating parameters, privileged access should be
password-protected to prevent unauthorized use. The privileged command set includes those commands
contained in user EXEC mode, as well as the configure privileged EXEC command through which you
access the remaining command modes.
If your system administrator has set a password, you are prompted to enter it before being granted access
to privileged EXEC mode. The password does not appear on the screen and is case sensitive.
The privileged EXEC mode prompt is the device name followed by the pound sign (#).
Switch#
Enter the enable command to access privileged EXEC mode:
Switch> enable
Switch#
The supported commands can vary depending on the version of software in use. To display a
comprehensive list of commands, enter a question mark (?) at the prompt.
Switch# ?
To return to user EXEC mode, enter the disable privileged EXEC command.
Global Configuration Mode
Global configuration commands apply to features that affect the device as a whole. Use the configure
privileged EXEC command to enter global configuration mode. The default is to enter commands from
the management console.
When you enter the configure command, a message prompts you for the source of the configuration
commands:
Switch# configure
Configuring from terminal, memory, or network [terminal]?
You can specify either the terminal or nonvolatile RAM (NVRAM) as the source of configuration
commands.
This example shows you how to access global configuration mode:
Switch# configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.
End with CNTL/Z.
The supported commands can vary depending on the version of software in use. To display a
comprehensive list of commands, enter a question mark (?) at the prompt.
Switch(config)# ?
To exit global configuration command mode and to return to privileged EXEC mode, enter the end or
exit command, or press Ctrl-Z.
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Chapter 1
Using the Command-Line Interface
CLI Command Modes
Interface Configuration Mode
Interface configuration commands modify the operation of the interface. Interface configuration
commands always follow a global configuration command, which defines the interface type.
Use the interface interface-id command to access interface configuration mode. The new prompt means
interface configuration mode.
Switch(config-if)#
The supported commands can vary depending on the version of software in use. To display a
comprehensive list of commands, enter a question mark (?) at the prompt.
Switch(config-if)# ?
To exit interface configuration mode and to return to global configuration mode, enter the exit command.
To exit interface configuration mode and to return to privileged EXEC mode, enter the end command,
or press Ctrl-Z.
VLAN Configuration Mode
Use this mode to configure normal-range VLANs (VLAN IDs 1 to 1005) or extended-range VLANs
(VLAN IDs 1006 to 4094). The VLAN configuration is saved in the running configuration file, and you
can save it to the switch startup configuration file by using the copy running-config startup-config
privileged EXEC command. The configurations of VLAN IDs 1 to 1005 are saved in the VLAN
database. The extended-range VLAN configurations are not saved in the VLAN database.
Enter the vlan vlan-id global configuration command to access VLAN configuration mode:
Switch(config)# vlan 2000
Switch(config-vlan)#
To display a comprehensive list of available commands, enter a question mark (?) at the prompt.
Switch(config-vlan)# ?
For extended-range VLANs, many characteristics are not configurable and must remain at the default
setting.
To return to global configuration mode, enter exit; to return to privileged EXEC mode, enter end. All
the commands except shutdown take effect when you exit config-vlan mode.
Line Configuration Mode
Line configuration commands modify the operation of a terminal line. Line configuration commands
always follow a line command, which defines a line number. Use these commands to change terminal
parameter settings line-by-line or for a range of lines.
Use the line vty line_number [ending_line_number] command to enter line configuration mode. The
new prompt means line configuration mode. The following example shows how to enter line
configuration mode for virtual terminal line 7:
Switch(config)# line vty 0 7
The supported commands can vary depending on the version of software in use. To display a
comprehensive list of commands, enter a question mark (?) at the prompt.
Switch(config-line)# ?
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CLI Command Modes
To exit line configuration mode and to return to global configuration mode, use the exit command. To
exit line configuration mode and to return to privileged EXEC mode, enter the end command, or press
Ctrl-Z.
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Cisco IOS Commands
action
To set the action for the VLAN access map entry, use the action command in access-map configuration
mode. To set the action to the default value, which is to forward, use the no form of this command.
action {drop | forward}
no action
Syntax Description
drop
Drops the packet when the specified conditions are matched.
forward
Forwards the packet when the specified conditions are matched.
Defaults
The default action is to forward packets.
Command Modes
Access-map configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You enter access-map configuration mode by using the vlan access-map global configuration command.
If the action is drop, you should define the access map, including configuring any access control list
(ACL) names in match clauses, before applying the map to a VLAN, or all packets could be dropped.
In access-map configuration mode, use the match access-map configuration command to define the
match conditions for a VLAN map. Use the action command to set the action that occurs when a packet
matches the conditions.
The drop and forward parameters are not used in the no form of the command.
You can verify your settings by entering the show vlan access-map privileged EXEC command.
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action
Examples
This example shows how to identify and apply a VLAN access map vmap4 to VLANs 5 and 6 that causes
the VLAN to forward an IP packet if the packet matches the conditions defined in access list al2:
Switch(config)# vlan access-map vmap4
Switch(config-access-map)# match ip address al2
Switch(config-access-map)# action forward
Switch(config-access-map)# exit
Switch(config)# vlan filter vmap4 vlan-list 5-6
Related Commands
Command
Description
access-list {deny | permit}
Configures a standard numbered ACL.
ip access-list
Creates a named access list.
mac access-list extended
Creates a named MAC address access list.
match (access-map
configuration)
Defines the match conditions for a VLAN map.
show vlan access-map
Displays the VLAN access maps created on the switch.
vlan access-map
Creates a VLAN access map.
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alarm-contact
alarm-contact
To configure triggers and severity levels for external alarms, use the alarm-contact command in global
configuration mode. To remove the configuration, use the no form of this command.
alarm-contact {contact-number {description string | severity {critical | major | minor} | trigger
{closed | open}} | all {severity {critical | major | minor} | trigger {closed | open}}
no alarm-contact {contact-number {description | severity | trigger} | all {severity | trigger}
contact-number
Configures a specific alarm contact number. The range is 1 to 4.
description
string
Adds a description for the alarm contact number. The description string can be up to
80 alphanumeric characters in length and is included in the system message
generated when the alarm is triggered.
all
Configures all alarm contacts.
severity
Sets the severity level that is set when the alarm is triggered. The severity is included
in the alarm notification. Entering no alarm-contact severity sets the severity to
minor.
critical
Sets severity level as critical.
major
Sets severity level as major.
minor
Sets severity level as minor.
trigger
Sets the state that triggers the alarm, whether the connected circuit is open or closed.
Entering no alarm-contact trigger sets the trigger to closed.
closed
Specifies that the alarm is triggered when the contact is closed.
open
Specifies that the alarm is triggered when the contact is open.
Defaults
No alarms are configured.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The no alarm-contact contact-number description sets the description to an empty string.
The no alarm-contact {contact-number | all} severity sets the alarm-contact severity to minor.
The no alarm-contact {contact-number | all} trigger sets the external alarm-contact trigger to closed.
You can verify your settings by entering the show env alarm-contact or the show running-config
privileged EXEC command.
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alarm-contact
Examples
This example shows how to configure alarm contact number 1 to report a critical alarm when the contact
is open.
Switch(config)# alarm-contact 1 description main_lab_door
Switch(config)# alarm-contact 1 severity critical
Switch(config)# alarm-contact 1 trigger open
Dec 4 10:34:09.049: %PLATFORM_ENV-1-EXTERNAL_ALARM_CONTACT_ASSERT: Alarm asserted:
main_lab_door
Switch# show env alarm-contact
ALARM CONTACT 1
Status:
asserted
Description: main_lab_door
Severity:
critical
Trigger:
open
This example shows how to configure clear alarm contact number 1 and the show command outputs.
Switch(config)# no alarm-contact 1 description
Dec 4 10:39:33.621: %PLATFORM_ENV-1-EXTERNAL_ALARM_CONTACT_CLEAR: Alarm cleared:
main_lab_door Dec 4 10:39:33.621: %PLATFORM_ENV-1-EXTERNAL_ALARM_CONTACT_ASSERT: Alarm
asserted: external alarm contact 1
Switch(config)# no alarm-contact 1 severity
Dec 4 10:39:46.774: %PLATFORM_ENV-1-EXTERNAL_ALARM_CONTACT_CLEAR: Alarm cleared: external
alarm contact 1 Dec 4 10:39:46.774: %PLATFORM_ENV-1-EXTERNAL_ALARM_CONTACT_ASSERT: Alarm
asserted: external alarm contact 1
Switch(config)# no alarm-contact 1 trigger open
Dec 4 10:39:56.547: %PLATFORM_ENV-1-EXTERNAL_ALARM_CONTACT_CLEAR: Alarm cleared: external
alarm contact 1
Switch(config)# end
Switch# show env alarm-contact
ALARM CONTACT 1
Status:
not asserted
Description: external alarm
Severity:
minor
Trigger:
closed
ALARM CONTACT 2
Status:
not asserted
Description: external alarm
Severity:
minor
Trigger:
closed
ALARM CONTACT 3
Status:
not asserted
Description: external alarm
Severity:
minor
Trigger:
closed
ALARM CONTACT 4
Status:
not asserted
Description: external alarm
Severity:
minor
Trigger:
closed
Related Commands
contact 1
contact 2
contact 3
contact 4
Command
Description
show env alarm-contact
Displays the alarm setting and status for the switch.
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archive download-sw
archive download-sw
To download a new image from a TFTP server to the switch and to overwrite or keep the existing image,
use the archive download-sw command in privileged EXEC mode.
archive download-sw {/force-reload | /imageonly | /leave-old-sw | /no-set-boot |
/no-version-check | /overwrite | /reload | /safe} source-url
Syntax Description
/force-reload
Unconditionally forces a system reload after successfully downloading the
software image.
/imageonly
Downloads only the software image but not the HTML files associated with
the embedded device manager. The HTML files for the existing version are
deleted only if the existing version is being overwritten or removed.
/leave-old-sw
Keeps the old software version after a successful download.
/no-set-boot
Specified to not alter the setting of the BOOT environment variable to point
to the new software image after it is successfully downloaded.
/no-version-check
Downloads the software image without checking to prevent installing an
incompatible image.
/overwrite
Overwrites the software image in flash memory with the downloaded one.
/reload
Reloads the system after successfully downloading the image unless the
configuration has been changed and not been saved.
/safe
Keeps the current software image; do not delete it to make room for the new
software image before the new image is downloaded. The current image is
deleted after the download.
source-url
The source URL alias for a local or network file system. These options are
supported:
•
The syntax for the local flash file system:
flash:
•
The syntax for the FTP:
ftp:[[//username[:password]@location]/directory]/image-name.tar
•
The syntax for an HTTP server:
http://[[username:password]@]{hostname |
host-ip}[/directory]/image-name.tar
•
The syntax for a secure HTTP server:
https://[[username:password]@]{hostname |
host-ip}[/directory]/image-name.tar
•
The syntax for the Remote Copy Protocol (RCP):
rcp:[[//username@location]/directory]/image-name.tar
•
The syntax for the TFTP:
tftp:[[//location]/directory]/image-name.tar
The image-name.tar is the software image to download and install on the
switch.
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archive download-sw
Defaults
The current software image is not overwritten with the downloaded image.
Both the software image and HTML files are downloaded.
The new image is downloaded to the flash: file system.
The BOOT environment variable is changed to point to the new software image on the flash: file system.
Image names are case sensitive; the image file is provided in tar format.
Compatibility of the version on the image to be downloaded is checked.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The /imageonly option removes the HTML files for the existing image if the existing image is being
removed or replaced. Only the Cisco IOS image (without the HTML files) is downloaded.
Using the /safe or /leave-old-sw option can cause the new image download to fail if there is insufficient
flash memory. If leaving the software in place prevents the new image from fitting in flash memory due
to space constraints, an error results.
If you used the /leave-old-sw option and did not overwrite the old image when you downloaded the new
one, you can remove the old image by using the delete privileged EXEC command. For more
information, see the delete command.
Note
Use the /no-version-check option with care. This option allows an image to be downloaded without first
confirming that it is not incompatible with the switch.
Use the /overwrite option to overwrite the image on the flash device with the downloaded one.
If you specify the command without the /overwrite option, the download algorithm verifies that the new
image is not the same as the one on the switch flash device. If the images are the same, the download
does not occur. If the images are different, the old image is deleted, and the new one is downloaded.
After downloading a new image, enter the reload privileged EXEC command to begin using the new
image, or specify the /reload or /force-reload option in the archive download-sw command.
Examples
This example shows how to download a new image from a TFTP server at 172.20.129.10 and overwrite
the image on the switch:
Switch# archive download-sw /overwrite tftp://172.20.129.10/test-image.tar
This example shows how to download only the software image from a TFTP server at 172.20.129.10 to
the switch:
Switch# archive download-sw /imageonly tftp://172.20.129.10/test-image.tar
This example shows how to keep the old software version after a successful download:
Switch# archive download-sw /leave-old-sw tftp://172.20.129.10/test-image.tar
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archive download-sw
Related Commands
Command
Description
archive tar
Creates a tar file, lists the files in a tar file, or extracts the files from a tar file.
archive upload-sw
Uploads an existing image on the switch to a server.
delete
Deletes a file or directory on the flash memory device.
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archive tar
archive tar
To create a tar file, list files in a tar file, or extract the files from a tar file, use the archive tar command
in privileged EXEC mode.
archive tar {/create destination-url flash:/file-url} | {/table source-url} | {/xtract source-url
flash:/file-url [dir/file...]}
Syntax Description
/create destination-url
flash:/file-url
Creates a new tar file on the local or network file system.
For destination-url, specify the destination URL alias for the local or
network file system and the name of the tar file to create. These options
are supported:
•
The syntax for the local flash filesystem:
flash:
•
The syntax for the FTP:
ftp:[[//username[:password]@location]/directory]/tar-filename.tar
•
The syntax for the Remote Copy Protocol (RCP) is:
rcp:[[//username@location]/directory]/tar-filename.tar
•
The syntax for the TFTP:
tftp:[[//location]/directory]/tar-filename.tar
The tar-filename.tar is the tar file to be created.
For flash:/file-url, specify the location on the local flash file system from
which the new tar file is created.
An optional list of files or directories within the source directory can be
specified to write to the new tar file. If none are specified, all files and
directories at this level are written to the newly created tar file.
/table source-url
Displays the contents of an existing tar file to the screen.
For source-url, specify the source URL alias for the local or network file
system. These options are supported:
•
The syntax for the local flash file system:
flash:
•
The syntax for the FTP:
ftp:[[//username[:password]@location]/directory]/tar-filename.tar
•
The syntax for the RCP:
rcp:[[//username@location]/directory]/tar-filename.tar
•
The syntax for the TFTP:
tftp:[[//location]/directory]/tar-filename.tar
The tar-filename.tar is the tar file to display.
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archive tar
/xtract source-url
flash:/file-url [dir/file...]
Extracts files from a tar file to the local file system.
For source-url, specify the source URL alias for the local file system.
These options are supported:
•
The syntax for the local flash file system:
flash:
•
The syntax for the FTP:
ftp:[[//username[:password]@location]/directory]/tar-filename.tar
•
The syntax for the RCP:
rcp:[[//username@location]/directory]/tar-filename.tar
•
The syntax for the TFTP:
tftp:[[//location]/directory]/tar-filename.tar
The tar-filename.tar is the tar file from which to extract.
For flash:/file-url [dir/file...], specify the location on the local flash file
system into which the tar file is extracted. Use the dir/file... option to
specify an optional list of files or directories within the tar file to be
extracted. If none are specified, all files and directories are extracted.
Defaults
None
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Filenames and directory names are case sensitive.
Image names are case sensitive.
Examples
This example shows how to create a tar file. The command writes the contents of the new-configs
directory on the local flash device to a file named saved.tar on the TFTP server at 172.20.10.30:
Switch# archive tar /create tftp:172.20.10.30/saved.tar flash:/new-configs
This example shows how to display the contents of the file that is in flash memory. The contents of the
tar file appear on the screen:
Switch# archive tar /table flash:image_name-mz.122-release.tar
info (219 bytes)
image_name-mz.122-release/(directory)
image_name-mz.122-release(610856 bytes)
image_name-mz.122-release/info (219 bytes)
info.ver (219 bytes)
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archive tar
This example shows how to display only the html directory and its contents:
Switch# archive tar /table flash:image_name-mz.122-release.tar
image_name-mz.122-release/html
image_name-mz.122-release/html/ (directory)
image_name-mz.122-release/html/const.htm (556 bytes)
image_name-mz.122-release/html/xhome.htm (9373 bytes)
image_name-mz.122-release/html/menu.css (1654 bytes)
<output truncated>
This example shows how to extract the contents of a tar file on the TFTP server at 172.20.10.30. This
command extracts just the new-configs directory into the root directory on the local flash file system.
The remaining files in the saved.tar file are ignored.
Switch# archive tar /xtract tftp://172.20.10.30/saved.tar flash:/ new-configs
Related Commands
Command
Description
archive download-sw
Downloads a new image from a TFTP server to the switch.
archive upload-sw
Uploads an existing image on the switch to a server.
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archive upload-sw
archive upload-sw
To upload an existing switch image to a server, use the archive upload-sw command in privileged EXEC
mode.
archive upload-sw [/version version_string] destination-url
Syntax Description
/version version_string
(Optional) Specifies the specific version string of the image to be uploaded.
destination-url
The destination URL alias for a local or network file system. These options
are supported:
•
The syntax for the local flash file system:
flash:
•
The syntax for the FTP:
ftp:[[//username[:password]@location]/directory]/image-name.tar
•
The syntax for the Remote Copy Protocol (RCP):
rcp:[[//username@location]/directory]/image-name.tar
•
The syntax for the TFTP:
tftp:[[//location]/directory]/image-name.tar
The image-name.tar is the name of software image to be stored on the
server.
Defaults
Uploads the currently running image from the flash: file system.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Use the upload feature only if the HTML files associated with the embedded device manager have been
installed with the existing image.
The files are uploaded in this sequence: the Cisco IOS image, the HTML files, and info. After these files
are uploaded, the software creates the tar file.
Image names are case sensitive.
Examples
This example shows how to upload the currently running image to a TFTP server at 172.20.140.2:
Switch# archive upload-sw tftp://172.20.140.2/test-image.tar
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archive upload-sw
Related Commands
Command
Description
archive download-sw
Downloads a new image to the switch.
archive tar
Creates a tar file, lists the files in a tar file, or extracts the files from a tar file.
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bandwidth
bandwidth
To configure class-based weighted fair queuing (CBWFQ) by setting the output bandwidth for a
policy-map class, use the bandwidth command in policy-map class configuration mode. To remove the
bandwidth setting for the class, use the no form of this command.
bandwidth {rate | percent value | remaining percent value}
no bandwidth [rate | percent value | remaining percent value]
Syntax Description
rate
Sets the bandwidth rate for the class in kilobits per second (kbps).
The range is from 1 to 10000000 Kb/s
Note
percent value
The total guaranteed bandwidth cannot exceed the total
available rate or total bandwidth of the interface.
Sets the bandwidth for the class as a percent of the parent policy
peak information rate (PIR) or shape value. The range is from 1 to
100 percent.
Note
remaining percent value
The total guaranteed bandwidth cannot exceed the total
available rate or total bandwidth of the interface.
Sets the bandwidth for the class as a percent of the remaining
bandwidth. The range is from 0 to 100 percent.
Note
he total guaranteed bandwidth cannot exceed the total
available rate or total bandwidth of the interface.
Defaults
No bandwidth is defined.
Command Modes
Policy-map class configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You use the bandwidth policy-map class command to control output traffic. The bandwidth command
specifies the bandwidth for traffic in that class. CBWFQ derives the weight for packets belonging to the
class from the bandwidth allocated to the class and uses the weight to ensure that the queue for that class
is serviced fairly. Bandwidth settings are not supported in input policy maps.
•
Configuring bandwidth for a class of traffic as an absolute rate (kilobits per second) or a percentage
of total bandwidth represents the minimum bandwidth guarantee (CIR) for that traffic class.
•
You cannot configure bandwidth as an absolute rate or a percentage of total bandwidth when
priority is configured for another class in the output policy. However, you can configure CIR, PIR,
and EIR bandwidth independently for a class so can use the bandwidth, bandwidth remaining, and
shape average commands at the same time within a class.
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bandwidth
•
Configuring bandwidth as a percentage of remaining bandwidth determines the portion of the excess
bandwidth of the target that is allocated to the class. This means that the class is allocated bandwidth
only if there is excess bandwidth on the target, and if there is no minimum bandwidth guarantee for
this traffic class. By default the total excess bandwidth is divided equally among the classes.
•
You cannot configure bandwidth as percentage of remaining bandwidth when priority is configured
for another class in the output policy map.
When you configure bandwidth in an output policy, you must specify the same units in each bandwidth
configuration; that is, all absolute values (rates) or percentages.
You can verify your settings by entering the show policy-map privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to allocate 25 percent of the total available bandwidth to the traffic class
defined by the class map:
Switch(config)# policy-map gold_policy
Switch(config-pmap)# class out_class-1
Switch(config-pmap-c)# bandwidth percent 25
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# exit
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# service-policy output gold_policy
Switch(config-if)# exit
This example shows how to set the precedence of output queues by setting bandwidth in kilobits per
second. The classes outclass1, outclass2, and outclass3 and class-default get a minimum of 40000,
20000, 10000, and 10000 kb/s. Any excess bandwidth is divided among the classes in the same
proportion as the CIR rate.
Switch(config)# policy-map out-policy
Switch(config-pmap)# class outclass1
Switch(config-pmap-c)# bandwidth 40000
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# class outclass2
Switch(config-pmap-c)# bandwidth 20000
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# class outclass3
Switch(config-pmap-c)# bandwidth 10000
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# class class-default
Switch(config-pmap-c)# bandwidth 10000
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# exit
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/1
Switch(config-if)# service-policy output out-policy
Switch(config-if)# exit
This example shows how to allocate the excess bandwidth among queues by configuring bandwidth for
a traffic class as a percentage of remaining bandwidth. The class outclass1 is given priority queue
treatment. The other classes are configured to get percentages of the excess bandwidth if any remains
after servicing the priority queue: outclass2 is configured to get 50 percent, outclass3 to get 20 percent,
and the class class-default to get the remaining 30 percent.
Switch(config)# policy-map out-policy
Switch(config-pmap)# class outclass1
Switch(config-pmap-c)# priority
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# class outclass2
Switch(config-pmap-c)# bandwidth remaining percent 50
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
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bandwidth
Switch(config-pmap)# class outclass3
Switch(config-pmap-c)# bandwidth remaining percent 20
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# exit
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/1
Switch(config-if)# service-policy output out-policy
Switch(config-if)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
class
Defines a traffic classification match criteria for the specified class-map name.
policy-map
Creates or modifies a policy map that can be attached to multiple ports to
specify a service policy.
show policy-map
Displays quality of service (QoS) policy maps.
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boot config-file
boot config-file
To specify the filename that Cisco IOS uses to read and write a nonvolatile copy of the system
configuration, use the boot config-file command in global configuration mode. To return to the default
setting, use the no form of this command.
boot config-file file-name
no boot config-file
Syntax Description
file-name
The name of the configuration file.
Defaults
The default configuration file is flash:config.text.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Filenames and directory names are case sensitive.
This command changes the setting of the CONFIG_FILE environment variable. For more information,
see Appendix A, “Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Boot Loader Commands.”
Related Commands
Command
Description
show boot
Displays the settings of the boot environment variables.
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boot helper
boot helper
To dynamically load files during boot loader initialization to extend or patch the functionality of the boot
loader, use the boot helper command in global configuration mode. To return to the default, use the no
form of this command.
boot helper filesystem:/file-url ...
no boot helper
Syntax Description
filesystem:
Alias for a flash file system. Use flash: for the system board flash device.
/file-url
The path (directory) and a list of loadable files to dynamically load during
loader initialization. Separate each image name with a semicolon.
Defaults
No helper files are loaded.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
This variable is used only for internal development and testing.
Filenames and directory names are case sensitive.
This command changes the setting of the HELPER environment variable. For more information, see
Appendix A, “Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Boot Loader Commands.”
Related Commands
Command
Description
show boot
Displays the settings of the boot environment variables.
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boot helper-config-file
boot helper-config-file
To specify the name of the configuration file to be used by the Cisco IOS helper image, use the boot
helper-config-file command in global configuration mode. If this is not set, the file specified by the
CONFIG_FILE environment variable is used by all versions of Cisco IOS that are loaded. To return to
the default setting, use the no form of this command.
boot helper-config-file filename
no boot helper-config file
Syntax Description
file-name
Defaults
No helper configuration file is specified.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The helper configuration file to load.
This variable is used only for internal development and testing.
Filenames and directory names are case sensitive.
This command changes the setting of the HELPER_CONFIG_FILE environment variable. For more
information, see Appendix A, “Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Boot Loader Commands.”
Related Commands
Command
Description
show boot
Displays the settings of the boot environment variables.
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boot manual
boot manual
To enable manually booting the switch during the next boot cycle, use the boot manual command in
global configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
boot manual
no boot manual
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Defaults
Manual booting is disabled.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The next time you reboot the system, the switch is in boot loader mode, which is shown by the switch:
prompt. To boot the system, use the boot boot loader command, and specify the name of the bootable
image.
This command changes the setting of the MANUAL_BOOT environment variable. For more
information, see Appendix A, “Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Boot Loader Commands.”
Related Commands
Command
Description
show boot
Displays the settings of the boot environment variables.
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boot private-config-file
boot private-config-file
To specify the filename that Cisco IOS uses to read and write a nonvolatile copy of the private
configuration, use the boot private-config-file command in global configuration mode. To return to the
default setting, use the no form of this command.
boot private-config-file filename
no boot private-config-file
Syntax Description
filename
Defaults
The default configuration file is private-config.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
The name of the private configuration file.
Usage Guidelines
Filenames are case sensitive.
Examples
This example shows how to specify the name of the private configuration file to be pconfig:
Switch(config)# boot private-config-file pconfig
Related Commands
Command
Description
show boot
Displays the settings of the boot environment variables.
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boot system
boot system
To specify the Cisco IOS image to load during the next boot cycle, use the boot system command in
global configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
boot system filesystem:/file-url ...
no boot system
Syntax Description
filesystem:
Alias for a flash file system. Use flash: for the system board flash device.
/file-url
The path (directory) and name of a bootable image. Separate image names
with a semicolon.
Defaults
The switch attempts to automatically boot the system by using information in the BOOT environment
variable. If this variable is not set, the switch attempts to load and execute the first executable image it
can by performing a recursive, depth-first search throughout the flash file system. In a depth-first search
of a directory, each encountered subdirectory is completely searched before continuing the search in the
original directory.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Filenames and directory names are case sensitive.
If you are using the archive download-sw privileged EXEC command to maintain system images, you
never need to use the boot system command. The boot system command is automatically manipulated
to load the downloaded image.
This command changes the setting of the BOOT environment variable. For more information, see
Appendix A, “Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Boot Loader Commands.”
Related Commands
Command
Description
show boot
Displays the settings of the boot environment variables.
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channel-group
channel-group
To assign an Ethernet port to an EtherChannel group, use the channel-group command in interface
configuration mode. To remove an Ethernet port from an EtherChannel group, use the no form of this
command.
channel-group channel-group-number mode {active | auto [non-silent] | desirable [non-silent] |
on | passive}
no channel-group
PAgP modes:
channel-group channel-group-number mode {auto [non-silent] | desirable [non-silent]}
LACP modes:
channel-group channel-group-number mode {active | passive}
On mode:
channel-group channel-group-number mode on
Syntax Description
channel-group-number
Specifies the channel group number. The range is 1 to 26.
mode
Specifies the EtherChannel mode.
active
Unconditionally enables LACP
Active mode places a port into a negotiating state in which the port initiates
negotiations with other ports by sending LACP packets. A channel is
formed with another port group in either the active or passive mode.
auto
Enables the PAgP only if a PAgP device is detected.
Auto mode places a port into a passive negotiating state in which the port
responds to PAgP packets it receives but does not start PAgP packet
negotiation. A channel is formed only with another port group in desirable
mode. When auto is enabled, silent operation is the default.
desirable
Unconditionally enables PAgP.
Desirable mode places a port into an active negotiating state in which the
port starts negotiations with other ports by sending PAgP packets. A
channel is formed with another port group in either the desirable or auto
mode. When desirable is enabled, silent operation is the default.
non-silent
(Optional) Use in PAgP mode with the auto or desirable keyword when
traffic is expected from the other device.
on
Enables on mode.
In on mode, a usable EtherChannel exists only when both connected port
groups are in the on mode.
passive
Enables LACP only if a LACP device is detected.
Passive mode places a port into a negotiating state in which the port
responds to LACP packets it receives but does not initiate LACP packet
negotiation. A channel is formed only with another port group in active
mode.
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channel-group
Defaults
No channel groups are assigned.
No mode is configured.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
For Layer 2 EtherChannels, you do not have to create a port-channel interface first by using the interface
port-channel global configuration command before assigning a physical port to a channel group.
Instead, you can use the channel-group interface configuration command. It automatically creates the
port-channel interface when the channel group gets its first physical port if the logical interface is not
already created. If you create the port-channel interface first, the channel-group-number can be the same
as the port-channel-number, or you can use a new number. If you use a new number, the channel-group
command dynamically creates a new port channel.
If the port is a UNI or an ENI, you must use the no shutdown interface configuration command to enable
it before using the channel-group command. UNIs and ENIs are disabled by default. NNIs are enabled
by default.
You do not have to disable the IP address that is assigned to a physical port that is part of a channel group,
but we strongly recommend that you do so.
You create Layer 3 port channels by using the interface port-channel command followed by the no
switchport interface configuration command. You should manually configure the port-channel logical
interface before putting the interface into the channel group.
After you configure an EtherChannel, configuration changes that you make on the port-channel interface
apply to all the physical ports assigned to the port-channel interface. Configuration changes applied to
the physical port affect only the port where you apply the configuration. To change the parameters of all
ports in an EtherChannel, apply configuration commands to the port-channel interface, for example,
spanning-tree commands or commands to configure a Layer 2 EtherChannel as a trunk.
If you do not specify non-silent with the auto or desirable mode, silent is assumed. The silent mode is
used when the switch is connected to a device that is not PAgP-capable and seldom, if ever, sends
packets. A example of a silent partner is a file server or a packet analyzer that is not generating traffic.
In this case, running PAgP on a physical port prevents that port from ever becoming operational.
However, it allows PAgP to operate, to attach the port to a channel group, and to use the port for
transmission. Both ends of the link cannot be set to silent.
In the on mode, an EtherChannel exists only when a port group in the on mode is connected to another
port group in the on mode.
Caution
You should exercise care when setting the mode to on (manual configuration). All ports configured in
the on mode are bundled in the same group and are forced to have similar characteristics. If the group is
misconfigured, packet loss or spanning-tree loops might occur.
Do not configure an EtherChannel in both the PAgP and LACP modes. EtherChannel groups running
PAgP and LACP can coexist on the same switch. Individual EtherChannel groups can run either PAgP
or LACP, but they cannot interoperate.
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channel-group
If you set the protocol by using the channel-protocol interface configuration command, the setting is
not overridden by the channel-group interface configuration command.
For a complete list of configuration guidelines, see the “Configuring EtherChannels” chapter in the
software configuration guide for this release.
Caution
Do not enable Layer 3 addresses on the physical EtherChannel ports. Do not assign bridge groups on the
physical EtherChannel ports because it creates loops.
You can verify your settings by entering the show running-config privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure an EtherChannel. It assigns two static-access ports in VLAN 10
to channel 5 with the PAgP mode desirable:
Switch# configure terminal
Switch(config)# interface range gigabitethernet0/1 -2
Switch(config-if-range)# switchport mode access
Switch(config-if-range)# switchport access vlan 10
Switch(config-if-range)# channel-group 5 mode desirable
Switch(config-if-range)# end
This example shows how to configure an EtherChannel. It assigns two static-access ports in VLAN 10
to channel 5 with the LACP mode active:
Switch# configure terminal
Switch(config)# interface range gigabitethernet0/1 -2
Switch(config-if-range)# switchport mode access
Switch(config-if-range)# switchport access vlan 10
Switch(config-if-range)# channel-group 5 mode active
Switch(config-if-range)# end
Related Commands
Command
Description
channel-protocol
Restricts the protocol used on a port to manage channeling.
interface port-channel
Accesses or creates the port channel.
show etherchannel
Displays EtherChannel information for a channel.
show lacp
Displays LACP channel-group information.
show pagp
Displays PAgP channel-group information.
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
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channel-protocol
channel-protocol
To restrict the protocol used on a port to manage channeling, use the channel-protocol command in
interface configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
channel-protocol {lacp | pagp}
no channel-protocol
Syntax Description
lacp
Configures an EtherChannel with the Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP).
pagp
Configures an EtherChannel with the Port Aggregation Protocol (PAgP).
Defaults
No protocol is assigned to the EtherChannel.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Use the channel-protocol command only to restrict a channel to LACP or PAgP. If you set the protocol
by using the channel-protocol command, the setting is not overridden by the channel-group interface
configuration command.
You must use the channel-group interface configuration command to configure the EtherChannel
parameters. The channel-group command also can set the mode for the EtherChannel.
You cannot enable both the PAgP and LACP modes on an EtherChannel group.
PAgP and LACP are not compatible; both ends of a channel must use the same protocol.
You can verify your settings by entering the show etherchannel [channel-group-number] protocol
privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to specify LACP as the protocol that manages the EtherChannel:
Switch(config-if)# channel-protocol lacp
Related Commands
Command
Description
channel-group
Assigns an Ethernet port to an EtherChannel group.
show etherchannel protocol
Displays protocol information the EtherChannel.
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class
class
To specify the name of the class whose policy you want to create or to change or to specify the system
default class before you configure a policy and to enter policy-map class configuration mode, use the
class command in policy-map configuration mode. To remove the class from a policy map, use the no
form of this command.
class {class-map-name| class-default}
no class {class-map-name| class-default}
Syntax Description
class-map-name
Name of a class map created by using the class-map global configuration
command.
class-default
The system default class. This class matches all unclassified traffic. You
cannot create or delete the default class.
Defaults
No policy map classes are defined.
Command Modes
Policy-map configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.252)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Before using the class class-map-name command in policy-map configuration mode, you must create
the class by using the class-map class-map-name global configuration command. The class
class-default is the class to which traffic is directed if that traffic does not match any of the match criteria
in the configured class maps.
Use the policy-map global configuration command to identify the policy map and to enter policy-map
configuration mode. After specifying a policy map, you can configure a policy for new classes or modify
a policy for any existing classes in that policy map.
You attach the policy map to a port by using the service-policy interface configuration command.
After entering the class command, you enter policy-map class configuration mode, and these
configuration commands are available:
•
bandwidth: specifies the bandwidth allocated for a class belonging to a policy map. For more
information, see the bandwidth command.
•
exit: exits policy-map class configuration mode and returns to policy-map configuration mode.
•
no: returns a command to its default setting.
•
police: defines an individual policer for the classified traffic. The policer specifies the bandwidth
limitations and the action to take when the limits are exceeded. For more information, see the police
and policy-map class commands.
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class
•
priority: sets the strict scheduling priority for this class or, when used with the police keyword, sets
priority with police. For more information, see the priority policy-map class command.
•
queue-limit: sets the queue maximum threshold for Weighted Tail Drop (WTD). For more
information, see the queue-limit command.
•
service-policy: configures a QoS service policy to attach to a parent policy map for an input or
output policy. For more information, see the set cos command.
•
set: specifies a value to be assigned to the classified traffic. For more information, see the set
commands.
•
shape average: specifies the average traffic shaping rate. For more information, see the shape
average command.
To return to policy-map configuration mode, use the exit command. To return to privileged EXEC mode,
use the end command.
You can verify your settings by entering the show policy-map privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to create a policy map called policy1, define a class class1, and enter
policy-map class configuration mode to set a criterion for the class.
Switch(config)# policy-map policy1
Switch(config-pmap)# class class1
Switch(config-pmap-c)# set dscp 10
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
class-map
Creates a class map to be used for matching packets to the class whose
name you specify.
policy-map
Creates or modifies a policy map that can be attached to multiple ports to
specify a service policy.
show policy-map
Displays QoS policy maps.
show policy-map
interface [interface-id]
Displays policy maps configured on the specified interface or on all
interfaces.
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class-map
class-map
To create a class map to be used for matching packets to a specified criteria and to enter class-map
configuration mode, use the class-map command in global configuration mode. To delete an existing
class map, use the no form of this command.
class-map [match-all | match-any] class-map-name
no class-map [match-all | match-any] class-map-name
Syntax Description
Defaults
match-all
(Optional) Performs a logical-AND of all matching statements under this class
map. Packets must meet all of the match criteria.
match-any
(Optional) Performs a logical-OR of the matching statements under this class
map. Packets must meet one or more of the match criteria.
class-map-name
Name of the class map.
No class maps are defined.
If neither the match-all or the match-any keyword is specified, the default is match-all.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Use this command to specify the name of the class for which you want to create or to modify class-map
match criteria and to enter class-map configuration mode.
The switch supports a maximum of 4000 unique class maps.
You use the class-map command and class-map configuration mode to define packet classification as
part of a globally named service policy applied on a per-port basis. When you configure a class map, you
can use one or more match commands to specify match criteria. Packets arriving at either the input or
output interface (determined by how you configure the service-policy interface configuration command)
are checked against the class-map match criteria to determine if the packet belongs to that class.
A match-all class map means that the packet must match all entries and can have no other match
statements. The match-all keyword is supported only for outer VLAN and inner VLAN, or outer CoS
and inner CoS matches for 802.1Q tunneling (QinQ) packets. The match-all keyword is rejected for all
other mutually exclusive match criteria.
After you are in class-map configuration mode, these configuration commands are available:
•
description: describes the class map (up to 200 characters). The show class-map privileged EXEC
command displays the description and the name of the class map.
•
exit: exits QoS class-map configuration mode.
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class-map
•
match: configures classification criteria. For more information, see the match class-map
configuration commands.
•
no: removes a match statement from a class map.
You can verify your settings by entering the show class-map privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure the class map called class1. By default, the class map is match-all
and therefore can contain no other match criteria.
Switch(config)# class-map class1
Switch(config-cmap)# exit
This example shows how to configure a match-any class map with one match criterion, which is an
access list called 103. This class map (matching an ACL) is supported only in an input policy map.
Switch(config)# class-map class2
Switch(config-cmap)# match access-group 103
Switch(config-cmap)# exit
This example shows how to delete the class map class1:
Switch(config)# no class-map class1
Related Commands
Command
Description
class
Defines a traffic classification match criteria for the specified
class-map name.
match access-group
Configures the match criteria for a class map on the basis of the
specified access control list (ACL)
match cos
Configures the match criteria for a class map on the basis of the
Layer 2 class of service (CoS) marking,
match discard-class
Configures a discard behavior identifier.
match ip dscp
Configures the match criteria for a class map on the basis of a
specific IPv4 Differentiated Service Code Point (DSCP) value.
match ip precedence
Configures the match criteria for a class map on the basis of IPv4
precedence values.
match mpls experimental
topmost
Match MPLS experimental value on the topmost label.
match qos-group
Configures the match criteria for a class map on the basis of a
specific quality of service (QoS) group value.
match vlan
Configures the match criteria for a class map in the parent policy of
a hierarchical policy map based on a VLAN ID or range of VLAN
IDs.
policy-map
Creates or modifies a policy map that can be attached to multiple
ports to specify a service policy.
show class-map
Displays QoS class maps.
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clear ipc
clear ipc
To clear Interprocess Communications Protocol (IPC) statistics, use the clear ipc command in privileged
EXEC mode.
clear ipc {queue-statistics | statistics}
Syntax Description
queue-statistics
Clears the IPC queue statistics.
statistics
Clears the IPC statistics.
Defaults
No default is defined.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can clear all statistics by using the clear ipc statistics command, or you can clear only the queue
statistics by using the clear ipc queue-statistics command.
You can verify that the statistics were deleted by entering the show ipc rpc or the show ipc session
privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to clear all statistics:
Switch# clear ipc statistics
This example shows how to clear only the queue statistics:
Switch# clear ipc queue-statistics
Related Commands
Command
Description
show ipc {rpc | session}
Displays the IPC multicast routing statistics.
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clear lacp
clear lacp
To clear Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP) channel-group counters, use the clear lacp
command in privileged EXEC mode.
clear lacp {channel-group-number counters | counters}
Syntax Description
channel-group-number
(Optional) Channel group number. The range is 1 to 26.
counters
Clears traffic counters.
Defaults
No default is defined.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can clear all counters by using the clear lacp counters command, or you can clear only the counters
for the specified channel group by using the clear lacp channel-group-number counters command.
You can verify that the information was deleted by entering the show lacp counters or the show lacp 4
counters privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to clear all channel-group information:
Switch# clear lacp counters
This example shows how to clear LACP traffic counters for group 4:
Switch# clear lacp 4 counters
Related Commands
Command
Description
show lacp
Displays LACP channel-group information.
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clear logging onboard
clear logging onboard
To clear all the on-board failure logging (OBFL) data except for the uptime and CLI-command
information stored in the flash memory, use the clear logging onboard command in privileged EXEC
mode.
clear logging onboard [module {slot-number | all}]
Syntax Description
module
(Optional) The slot number is always 1 and is not relevant for the ME-3400E.
{slot-number | all} Entering clear logging onboard module 1 or clear logging onboard all has the
same result as entering clear logging onboard.
Defaults
No default is defined.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
We recommend that you keep OBFL enabled and do not clear the data stored in the flash memory.
You can verify that the information was cleared by entering the show logging onboard onboard
privileged EXEC command.
Examples
These examples show how to clear all the OBFL information except for the uptime and CLI-command
information:
Switch# clear logging onboard
Clear logging onboard buffer [confirm]
PID: ME-3400E-24TS-M
, VID: 03 , SN: FOC1225U4CY
Switch# clear logging onboard module all
Clear logging onboard buffer [confirm]
PID: ME-3400E-24TS-M
, VID: 03 , SN: FOC1225U4CY
Related Commands
Command
Description
hw-module module logging
onboard
Enables OBFL.
show logging onboard
Displays OBFL information.
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clear mac address-table
clear mac address-table
To delete a specific dynamic address from the MAC address table, all dynamic addresses on a particular
interface, or all dynamic addresses on a particular VLAN, use the clear mac address-table command
in privileged EXEC mode. This command also clears the MAC address notification global counters.
clear mac address-table {dynamic [address mac-addr | bridge-domain number3 | interface
interface-id | vlan vlan-id] | move update | notification}
Syntax Description
dynamic
Deletes all dynamic MAC addresses.
dynamic address
mac-addr
(Optional) Deletes the specified dynamic MAC address.
dynamic bridge-domain
number
(Optional) Deletes all dynamic MAC addresses for the bridge domain.
The domain number range from 1 to 8000.
dynamic interface
interface-id
(Optional) Deletes all dynamic MAC addresses on the specified physical
port or port channel.
dynamic vlan vlan-id
(Optional) Deletes all dynamic MAC addresses for the specified VLAN.
The range is 1 to 4096.
move update
Clears the MAC address move update related counters.
notification
Clears the notifications in the history table and reset the counters.
Defaults
No default is defined.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Examples
This example shows how to remove a specific MAC address from the dynamic address table:
Switch# clear mac address-table dynamic address 0008.0070.0007
You can verify that any information was deleted by entering the show mac address-table privileged
EXEC command.
This example shows how to clear the mac address-table move update related counters.
Switch# clear mac address-table move update
You can verify that the information was cleared by entering the show mac address-table move update
privileged EXEC command.
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clear mac address-table
Related Commands
Command
Description
mac address-table notification
Enables the MAC address notification feature.
show mac address-table
Displays the MAC address table static and dynamic entries.
show mac address-table notification
Displays the MAC address notification settings for all
interfaces or the specified interface.
snmp trap mac-notification change
Enables the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
MAC address notification trap on a specific interface.
mac address-table move update
Configures MAC address-table move update on the switch.
show mac address-table move update Displays the MAC address-table move update information on
the switch.
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clear pagp
clear pagp
To clear Port Aggregation Protocol (PAgP) channel-group information, use the clear pagp command in
privileged EXEC mode.
clear pagp {channel-group-number counters | counters}
Syntax Description
channel-group-number
(Optional) Channel group number. The range is 1 to 48.
counters
Clear traffic counters.
Defaults
No default is defined.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can clear all counters by using the clear pagp counters command, or you can clear only the counters
for the specified channel group by using the clear pagp channel-group-number counters command.
You can verify that information was deleted by entering the show pagp privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to clear all channel-group information:
Switch# clear pagp counters
This example shows how to clear PAgP traffic counters for group 10:
Switch# clear pagp 10 counters
Related Commands
Command
Description
show pagp
Displays PAgP channel-group information.
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clear rep counters
clear rep counters
To clear Resilient Ethernet Protocol (REP) counters for the specified interface or all interfaces, use the
clear rep counters command in privileged EXEC mode.
clear rep counters [interface interface-id]
Syntax Description
interface interface-id
Defaults
No default is defined.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
(Optional) Specifies a REP interface whose counters should be cleared.
You can clear all REP counters by using the clear rep counters command, or you can clear only the
counters for the interface by using the clear rep counters interface interface-id command.
When you enter the clear rep counters command, only the counters visible in the output of the show
interface rep detail command are cleared. SNMP visible counters are not cleared as they are read-only.
You can verify that REP information was deleted by entering the show interfaces rep detail privileged
EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to clear all REP counters for all REP interfaces:
Switch# clear rep counters
Related Commands
Command
Description
show interfaces rep detail
Displays detailed REP configuration and status information.
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clear spanning-tree counters
clear spanning-tree counters
To clear the spanning-tree counters or to restart the protocol migration processor on all spanning-tree
interfaces or on the specified interface, use the clear spanning-tree counters command in privileged
EXEC mode.
clear spanning-tree {counters [interface interface-id] | detected-protocols [interface
interface-id]}
Syntax Description
counters
Clears the spanning-tree counters.
detected-protocols
Restarts the protocol migration process (force the renegotiation with
neighboring switches).
interface interface-id
(Optional) Clears all spanning-tree counters or restart the protocol migration
process on the specified interface. Valid interfaces include physical
interfaces, VLANs, and spanning-tree port channels. The VLAN range is 1
to 4094. The port-channel range is 1 to 26.
Defaults
No default is defined.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
If the interface-id is not specified, spanning-tree counters are cleared for all STP ports or the protocol
migration is restarted on all STP ports.
A switch running the rapid per-VLAN spanning-tree plus (rapid-PVST+) protocol or the Multiple
Spanning Tree Protocol (MSTP) supports a built-in protocol migration mechanism that enables it to
interoperate with legacy IEEE 802.1D switches. If a rapid-PVST+ switch or an MSTP switch receives a
legacy IEEE 802.1D configuration bridge protocol data unit (BPDU) with the protocol version set to 0,
it sends only IEEE 802.1D BPDUs on that port. A multiple spanning-tree (MST) switch can also detect
that a port is at the boundary of a region when it receives a legacy BPDU, an MST BPDU (Version 3)
associated with a different region, or a rapid spanning-tree (RST) BPDU (Version 2).
However, the switch does not automatically revert to the rapid-PVST+ or the MSTP mode if it no longer
receives IEEE 802.1D BPDUs. It cannot learn whether the legacy switch has been removed from the link
unless the legacy switch is the designated switch. Use the clear spanning-tree detected-protocols
command in this situation.
Examples
This example shows how to clear spanning-tree counters for all STP ports:
Switch# clear spanning-tree counters
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clear spanning-tree counters
This example shows how to restart the protocol migration process on a port:
Switch# clear spanning-tree detected-protocols interface gigabitethernet0/1
Related Commands
Command
Description
show spanning-tree
Displays spanning-tree state information.
spanning-tree
link-type
Overrides the default link-type setting and enables rapid spanning-tree
transitions to the forwarding state.
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conform-action
conform-action
To set actions for a policy-map class for packets that conform to the committed information rate (CIR),
use the conform-action command in policy-map class police configuration mode. To cancel the action
or to return to the default action, use the no form of this command.
conform-action {drop | set-cos-transmit new cos-value | set-discard-class-transmit new
discard-value | set-dscp-transmit new dscp-value | set-mpls-exp-imposition-transmit
new-imposition-exp-value | set-mpls-exp-topmost transmit new-topmost-exp-value |
set-prec-transmit value new prec-value | set-qos-transmit value new qos-value| transmit}
no conform-action {drop | set-cos-transmit new cos-value | set-discard-class-transmit new
discard-value | set-dscp-transmit new dscp-value | set-mpls-exp-imposition-transmit
new-imposition-exp-value | set-mpls-exp-topmost transmit new-topmost-exp-value |
set-prec-transmit value new prec-value | set-qos-transmit value new qos-value| transmit}
Syntax Description
drop
Drops the packet.
set-cos-transmit
new-cos-value
Sets a new class of service (CoS) value for the packet and send the
packet. The range for the new CoS value is 0 to 7.
set-discard-class-transmit Sets a new discard-class value for the packet and send the packet. The
new discard-value
range for the value is 0 to 7.
set-dscp-transmit
new-dscp-value
Sets a new Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) value for the
packet and send the packet. The range for the new DCSP value is 0 to 63.
set-mpls-exp-imposition
transmit
new-imposition-exp-value
Sets an MPLS label using the new MPLS EXP value at tag imposition,
and send the packet. The range is 0 to 7.
set-mpls-exp-topmost
transmit
new-topmost-exp-value
Sets an MPLS label using the new MPLS EXP value for the topmost
(outer) MPLS label, and send the packet. The range is 0 to 7.
set-prec-transmit
new-precedence-value
Sets a new IP precedence value for the packet and send the packet. The
range for the new IP precedence value is 0 to 7.
set-qos-transmit
qos-group-value
Sets a new quality of service (QoS) group value for the packet and send
the packet. The range for the new QoS value is 0 to 99.
transmit
(Optional) Sends the packet unmodified.
Defaults
The default conform action is to send the packet.
Command Modes
Policy-map class police configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
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conform-action
Usage Guidelines
You configure conform actions for packets when the packet rate conforms to the configured conform
burst.
The switch also supports simultaneously marking multiple QoS parameters for the same class and
configuring conform-action, exceed-action, and violate-action marking.
Access policy-map class police configuration mode by entering the police policy-map class command.
See the police policy-map class configuration command for more information.
Use this command to set one or more conform actions for a traffic class.
You can verify your settings by entering the show policy-map privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure the conform action of a policy map to set a new CoS value to 3
and send the packet.
Switch(config)# class-map cos-4
Switch(config-cmap)# match cos 4
Switch(config-cmap)# exit
Switch(config)# policy-map in-policy
Switch(config-pmap)# class cos-4
Switch(config-pmap-c)# police cir 5000000 pir 8000000
Switch(config-pmap-c-police)# conform-action set-cos-transmit 3
Switch(config-pmap-c-police)# end
Related Commands
Command
Description
class
Defines a traffic classification match criteria for the specified
class-map name.
exceed-action
Defines the action to take on traffic that exceeds the CIR.
policy-map
Creates or modifies a policy map that can be attached to multiple
ports to specify a service policy.
police
Defines a policer for classified traffic.
show policy-map
Displays QoS policy maps.
violate-action
Defines the action to take on traffic with a rate greater than the
conform rate plus the exceed burst.
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controller BITS input applique
controller BITS input applique
To configure the Building Integrated Timing Supply (BITS) clock input link type and characteristics, use
the controller BITS input applique command in global configuration mode. To remove the
configuration, use the no form of this command.
controller BITS input applique E1{2048KHz | framing {fas_crc4 | fas_nocrc | |mfas_crc4 |
mfas_nocre} linecode {ami | hdb3}
controller BITS input applique T1 framing {d4 | esf} linecode {ami | b8zs}
no controller BITS input applique
Syntax Description
E1 2048 KHz
Specifies an EI timing signal input of 2048 KHz.
E1 framing
Specifies an EI signal input and specify the framing mode as one of these
options:
linecode (EI)
T1 framing
linecode (T1)
•
fas_crc4—FASCRC4
•
fas_nocrc—FAS
•
mfas_crc4—MFASCRC4
•
mfas_nocre—MFAS
Selects the E1 line coding:
•
ami—AMI encoding
•
hdb3—HDB3 encoding
Specifies a T1 (1.544 MHz) signal input and specify the framing mode as one
of these options:
•
d4—D4
•
esf—Extended Superframe
Selects the T1 line coding:
•
ami—AMI encoding
•
b8zs—B8ZS encoding
Defaults
The default input timing is E1.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
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controller BITS input applique
Examples
This example shows how to set the input line type to T1 with ESF framing and B8ZS line coding:
Switch(config)# controller BITS input applique T1 framing esf linecode ami b8zs
Switch(config)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
show controller bits
Displays BITS configuration for the switch.
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controller BITS output applique
controller BITS output applique
To configure the Building Integrated Timing Supply (BITS) clock output link type and characteristics,
use the controller BITS output applique command in global configuration mode. To remove the
configuration, use the no form of this command.
controller BITS output applique E1{2048KHz | framing {fas_crc4 | fas_nocrc | |mfas_crc4 |
mfas_nocre} linecode {ami | hdb3}
controller BITS output applique T1 framing {d4 | esf} linecode {ami | b8zs} line-build-out
{0-133ft | 133-266ft | 266-399ft | 399-533ft | 533-655ft}
no controller BITS output applique
Syntax Description
E1 2048 KHz
Specifies an EI timing signal input of 2048 KHz.
E1 framing
Specifies an EI signal input and specify the framing mode as one of these
options:
linecode (E1)
T1 framing
linecode (T1)
line-build-out
•
fas_crc4—FASCRC4
•
fas_nocrc—FAS
•
mfas_crc4—MFASCRC4
•
mfas_nocre—MFAS
Selects the E1 line coding:
•
ami—AMI encoding
•
hdb3—HDB3 encoding
Specifies a T1 (1.544 MHz) signal input and specify the framing mode as one
of these options:
•
d4—D4
•
esf—Extended Superframe
Selects the T1 line coding:
•
ami—AMI encoding
•
b8zs—B8ZS encoding
Selects a line length:
•
0-133ft
•
133-266ft
•
266-399ft
•
399-533ft
•
533-655ft
Command Default
The default output timing is E1.
Command Modes
Global configuration
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controller BITS output applique
Command History
Examples
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
This example shows how to set the output line type to T1 with ESF framing and B8ZS line coding and
a line buildout of 0 to 133 feet:
Switch(config)# controller BITS output applique T1 framing esf linecode ami b8zs
build-out 0-133ft
Switch(config)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
show controller bits
Displays BITS configuration for the switch.
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controller BITS shutdown
controller BITS shutdown
To shut down the Building Integrated Timing Supply (BITS) clock controller, use the controller BITS
shutdown command in global configuration mode.To reverse the shutdown, use the no form of this
command.
controller BITS shutdown
no controller BITS shutdown
Syntax Description
This command has no keywords.
Defaults
The clock controller is on by default.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Examples
This example shows how to shut down the BITS controller:
Switch(config)# controller BITS shutdown
Switch(config)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
show controller bits
Displays BITS configuration for the switch.
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copy logging onboard module
copy logging onboard module
To copy on-board failure logging (OBFL) data to the local network or a specific file system, use the copy
logging onboard module command in privileged EXEC mode.
copy logging onboard module [slot-number] destination
Syntax Description
slot-number
(Optional) The slot number is always 1 and is not relevant for the ME-3400E.
destination
Specifies the location on the local network or file system to which the system
messages are copied.
For destination, specify the destination on the local or network file system and the
filename. These options are supported:
•
The syntax for the local flash file system:
flash:/filename
•
The syntax for the FTP:
ftp://username:password@host/filename
•
The syntax for an HTTP server:
http://[[username:password]@]{hostname | host-ip}[/directory]/filename
•
The syntax for the null file system:
null:/filename
•
The syntax for the NVRAM:
nvram:/filename
•
The syntax for the Remote Copy Protocol (RCP):
rcp://username@host/filename
•
The syntax for the switch file system:
system:filename
•
The syntax for the TFTP:
tftp:[[//location]/directory]/filename
•
The syntax for the temporary file system:
tmpsys:/filename
Defaults
This command has no default setting.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
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copy logging onboard module
Usage Guidelines
For information about OBFL, see the hw-module module logging onboard global configuration
command.
Examples
This example shows how to copy the OBFL data messages to the obfl_file file on the flash file system:
Switch# copy logging onboard module flash:obfl_file
OBFL copy successful
Related Commands
Command
Description
hw-module module logging onboard
Enables OBFL.
show logging onboard
Displays OBFL information.
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define interface-range
define interface-range
To create an interface-range macro, use the define interface-range command in global configuration
mode. To delete the defined macro, use the no form of this command.
define interface-range macro-name interface-range
no define interface-range macro-name interface-range
Syntax Description
macro-name
Name of the interface-range macro; up to 32 characters.
interface-range
Interface range; for valid values for interface ranges, see “Usage Guidelines.”
Defaults
This command has no default setting.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The macro name is a 32-character maximum character string.
A macro can contain up to five ranges.
All interfaces in a range must be the same type; that is, all Gigabit Ethernet ports, all TenGigabit Ethernet
ports, all EtherChannel ports, or all VLANs, but you can combine multiple interface types in a macro.
When entering the interface-range, use this format:
•
type {first-interface} - {last-interface}
•
You must add a space between the first interface number and the hyphen when entering an
interface-range. For example, gigabitethernet 0/1 - 2 is a valid range; gigabitethernet 0/1-2 is not
a valid range
Valid values for type and interface:
•
vlan vlan-id, where vlan-id is from 1 to 4094
VLAN interfaces must have been configured with the interface vlan command (the show
running-config privileged EXEC command displays the configured VLAN interfaces). VLAN
interfaces not displayed by the show running-config command cannot be used in interface-ranges.
•
port-channel port-channel-number, where port-channel-number is from 1 to 48
•
gigabitethernet module/{first port} - {last port}
•
tengigabitethernet module/{first port} - {last port}
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define interface-range
For physical interfaces:
•
module is always 0.
•
the range is type 0/number - number (for example, gigabitethernet 0/1 - 2).
When you define a range, you must enter a space before the hyphen (-), for example:
gigabitethernet0/1 - 2
You can also enter multiple ranges. When you define multiple ranges, you must enter a space after the
first entry before the comma (,). The space after the comma is optional, for example:
gigabitethernet0/3, tengigabitethernet0/1 - 2
gigabitethernet0/3 -4, tengigabitethernet0/1 - 2
Examples
This example shows how to create a multiple-interface macro:
Switch(config)# define interface-range macro1 fastethernet0/1 - 2, gigabitethernet0/1 - 2
Related Commands
Command
Description
interface range
Executes a command on multiple ports at the same time.
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
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delete
delete
To delete a file or directory on the flash memory device, use the delete command in privileged EXEC
mode.
delete [/force] [/recursive] {flash | nvram}
Syntax Description
/force
(Optional) Suppresses the prompt that confirms the deletion.
/recursive
(Optional) Deletes the named directory and all subdirectories and the files contained
in it.
flash
Deletes the flash directory.
nvram
Deletes NVRAM.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
If you use the /force keyword, you are prompted once at the beginning of the deletion process to confirm
the deletion.
If you use the /recursive keyword without the /force keyword, you are prompted to confirm the deletion
of every file.
The prompting behavior depends on the setting of the file prompt global configuration command. By
default, the switch prompts for confirmation on destructive file operations. For more information about
this command, see the Cisco IOS Command Reference for Release 12.2.
Examples
This example shows how to remove the directory that contains the old software image after a successful
download of a new image:
Switch# delete /force /recursive flash:/old-image
You can verify that the directory was removed by entering the dir filesystem: privileged EXEC
command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
archive download-sw
Downloads a new image to the switch and overwrites or keeps the existing
image.
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deny (MAC access-list configuration)
deny (MAC access-list configuration)
To prevent non-IP traffic from being forwarded if the conditions are matched, use the deny command in
MAC access-list configuration mode. To remove a deny condition from the named MAC access list, use
the no form of this command.
deny {any | host src-MAC-addr | src-MAC-addr mask} {any | host dst-MAC-addr | dst-MAC-addr
mask} [type mask | aarp | amber | cos cos | dec-spanning | decnet-iv | diagnostic | dsm |
etype-6000 | etype-8042 | lat | lavc-sca | lsap lsap mask |mop-console | mop-dump | msdos |
mumps | netbios | vines-echo | vines-ip | xns-idp]
no deny {any | host src-MAC-addr | src-MAC-addr mask} {any | host dst-MAC-addr |
dst-MAC-addr mask} [type mask | aarp | amber | cos cos | dec-spanning | decnet-iv |
diagnostic | dsm | etype-6000 | etype-8042 | lat | lavc-sca | lsap lsap mask | mop-console |
mop-dump | msdos | mumps | netbios | vines-echo | vines-ip | xns-idp]
Syntax Description
any
Keyword to specify to deny any source or destination MAC address.
host src MAC-addr |
src-MAC-addr mask
Defines a host MAC address and optional subnet mask. If the source
address for a packet matches the defined address, non-IP traffic from that
address is denied.
host dst-MAC-addr |
dst-MAC-addr mask
Defines a destination MAC address and optional subnet mask. If the
destination address for a packet matches the defined address, non-IP
traffic to that address is denied.
type mask
(Optional) Uses the Ethertype number of a packet with Ethernet II or
SNAP encapsulation to identify the protocol of the packet.
•
The type is 0 to 65535, specified in hexadecimal.
•
The mask is a mask of don’t care bits applied to the Ethertype before
testing for a match.
aarp
(Optional) Selects Ethertype AppleTalk Address Resolution Protocol that
maps a data-link address to a network address.
amber
(Optional) Selects EtherType DEC-Amber.
cos cos
(Optional) Selects a class of service (CoS) number from 0 to 7 to set
priority. Filtering on CoS can be performed only in hardware. A warning
message reminds the user if the cos option is configured.
dec-spanning
(Optional) Selects EtherType Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)
spanning tree.
decnet-iv
(Optional) Selects EtherType DECnet Phase IV protocol.
diagnostic
(Optional) Selects EtherType DEC-Diagnostic.
dsm
(Optional) Selects EtherType DEC-DSM.
etype-6000
(Optional) Selects EtherType 0x6000.
etype-8042
(Optional) Selects EtherType 0x8042.
lat
(Optional) Selects EtherType DEC-LAT.
lavc-sca
(Optional) Selects EtherType DEC-LAVC-SCA.
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deny (MAC access-list configuration)
lsap lsap-number mask
(Optional) Uses the LSAP number (0 to 65535) of a packet with
IEEE 802.2 encapsulation to identify the protocol of the packet.
mask is a mask of don’t care bits applied to the LSAP number before
testing for a match.
Note
mop-console
(Optional) Selects EtherType DEC-MOP Remote Console.
mop-dump
(Optional) Selects EtherType DEC-MOP Dump.
msdos
(Optional) Selects EtherType DEC-MSDOS.
mumps
(Optional) Selects EtherType DEC-MUMPS.
netbios
(Optional) Selects EtherType DEC- Network Basic Input/Output System
(NETBIOS).
vines-echo
(Optional) Selects EtherType Virtual Integrated Network Service
(VINES) Echo from Banyan Systems.
vines-ip
(Optional) Selects EtherType VINES IP.
xns-idp
(Optional) Selects EtherType Xerox Network Systems (XNS) protocol
suite (0 to 65535), an arbitrary Ethertype in decimal, hexadecimal, or
octal.
Though visible in the command-line help strings, appletalk is not supported as a matching condition.
To filter IPX traffic, you use the type mask or lsap lsap mask keywords, depending on the type of IPX
encapsulation being used. Filter criteria for IPX encapsulation types as specified in Novell terminology
and Cisco IOS terminology are listed in Table 2-1.
Table 2-1
IPX Filtering Criteria
IPX Encapsulation Type
Cisco IOS Name
Novel Name
Filter Criterion
arpa
Ethernet II
Ethertype 0x8137
snap
Ethernet-snap
Ethertype 0x8137
sap
Ethernet 802.2
LSAP 0xE0E0
novell-ether
Ethernet 802.3
LSAP 0xFFFF
Defaults
This command has no defaults. However; the default action for a MAC-named ACL is to deny.
Command Modes
MAC-access list configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
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deny (MAC access-list configuration)
Usage Guidelines
You enter MAC-access list configuration mode by using the mac access-list extended global
configuration command.
If you use the host keyword, you cannot enter an address mask; if you do not use the host keyword, you
must enter an address mask.
When an access control entry (ACE) is added to an access control list, an implied deny-any-any
condition exists at the end of the list. That is, if there are no matches, the packets are denied. However,
before the first ACE is added, the list permits all packets.
Note
For more information about named MAC extended access lists, see the software configuration guide for
this release.
You can verify your settings by entering the show access-lists privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to define the named MAC extended access list to deny NETBIOS traffic from
any source to MAC address 00c0.00a0.03fa. Traffic matching this list is denied.
Switch(config-ext-macl)# deny any host 00c0.00a0.03fa netbios.
This example shows how to remove the deny condition from the named MAC extended access list:
Switch(config-ext-macl)# no deny any 00c0.00a0.03fa 0000.0000.0000 netbios.
This example denies all packets with Ethertype 0x4321:
Switch(config-ext-macl)# deny any any 0x4321 0
Related Commands
Command
Description
mac access-list extended
Creates an access list based on MAC addresses for non-IP traffic.
permit (MAC access-list
configuration)
Permits non-IP traffic to be forwarded if conditions are matched.
show access-lists
Displays access control lists configured on a switch.
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diagnostic schedule test
diagnostic schedule test
To configure the diagnostic test schedule, use the diagnostic schedule test command in global configuration
mode. to remove the schedule, use the no form of this command.
diagnostic schedule test {name | test-id | test-id-range | all | basic} {daily hh:mm | on mm dd yyyy
hh:mm | weekly day-of-week hh:mm}
no diagnostic schedule test {name | test-id | test-id-range | all | basic} {daily hh:mm |
on mm dd yyyy hh:mm | weekly day-of-week hh:mm}
Syntax Description
name
Specifies the name of the test. To display the test names in the test-ID list, enter
the show diagnostic content privileged EXEC command.
test-id
Specifies the ID number of the test. The range is from 1 to 6. To display the test
numbers in the test-ID list, enter the show diagnostic content privileged EXEC
command.
test-id-range
Specifies more than one test with the range of test ID numbers. Enter the range
as integers separated by a comma and a hyphen (for example, 1,3-6 specifies
test IDs 1, 3, 4, 5, and 6). To display the test numbers in the test-ID list, enter
the show diagnostic content privileged EXEC command.
all
Specifies all of the diagnostic tests.
basic
Specifies the basic on-demand diagnostic tests.
daily hh:mm
Specifies the daily scheduling of the diagnostic tests.
hh:mm—Enter the time as a 2-digit number (for a 24-hour clock) for
hours:minutes; the colon (:) is required, such as 12:30.
on mm dd yyyy
hh:mm
Specifies the scheduling of the diagnostic tests on a specific day and time.
For mm dd yyyy:
weekly day-of-week
hh:mm
•
mm—Spell out the month, such as January, February, and so on, with
upper-case or lower-case characters.
•
dd—Enter the day as a 2-digit number, such as 03 or 16.
•
yyyy—Enter the year as a 4-digit number, such as 2008.
Specifies the weekly scheduling of the diagnostic tests.
day-of-week—Spell out the day of the week, such as Monday, Tuesday, and so
on, with upper-case or lower-case characters.
Defaults
This command has no default settings.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
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diagnostic schedule test
Examples
This example shows how to schedule diagnostic testing for a specific day and time:
Switch(config)# diagnostic schedule test 1,2,4-6 on november 3 2006 23:10
This example shows how to schedule diagnostic testing to occur weekly at a specific time:
Switch(config)# diagnostic schedule test TestPortAsicMem weekly friday 09:23
Related Commands
Command
Description
show diagnostic
Displays online diagnostic test results.
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diagnostic start test
diagnostic start test
To run an online diagnostic test, use the diagnostic start test command in privileged EXEC mode.
diagnostic start test {name | test-id | test-id-range | all | basic}
Syntax Description
name
Specifies the name of the test. To display the test names in the test-ID list, enter the
show diagnostic content privileged EXEC command.
test-id
Specifies the ID number of the test. The range is from 1 to 6. To display the test
numbers in the test-ID list, enter the show diagnostic content privileged EXEC
command.
test-id-range
Specifies more than one test with the range of test ID numbers. Enter the range as
integers separated by a comma and a hyphen (for example, 1,3-6 specifies test IDs
1, 3, 4, 5, and 6). To display the test numbers in the test-ID list, enter the show
diagnostic content privileged EXEC command.
all
Specifies all the diagnostic tests.
basic
Specifies the basic on-demand diagnostic tests.
Defaults
This command has no default setting.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
After you start the tests by using the diagnostic start command, you cannot stop the testing process.
The switch supports these tests:
ID
--1
2
3
4
5
---
Test Name [On-Demand Test Attributes]
------------------------------------------TestPortAsicMem [B*D*R**]
TestPortAsicCam [B*D*R**]
TestPortAsicLoopback [B*D*R**]
TestPortLoopback [B*D*R**]
TestFpga [B*D*R**]
-------------------------------------------
To identify a test name, use the show diagnostic content privileged EXEC command to display the test
ID list. To specify test 3 by using the test name, enter the diagnostic start switch number test
TestPortAsicCam privileged EXEC command.
To specify more than one test, use the test-id-range parameter, and enter integers separated by a comma
and a hyphen. For example, to specify tests 2, 3, and 4, enter the diagnostic start test 2-4 command. To
specify tests 1, 3, 4, 5, and 6, enter the diagnostic start test 1,3-6 command.
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diagnostic start test
Examples
This example shows how to start diagnostic test 1:
Switch# diagnostic start test 1
Switch#
06:27:50: %DIAG-6-TEST_RUNNING: Running TestPortAsicMem {ID=1} ...
06:27:51: %DIAG-6-TEST_OK: TestPortAsicSMem {ID=1} has completed
successfully
This example shows how to start diagnostic test 3. Running this test disrupts the normal system operation
and then reloads the switch.
Switch# diagnostic start test 3
Running test(s) 3 will cause the switch under test to reload after completion of
the test list.
Running test(s) 2 may disrupt normal system operation
Do you want to continue? [no]: y
Switch#
00:00:25: %SPANTREE-5-EXTENDED_SYSID: Extended SysId enabled for type vlan
00:00:29: %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from memory by console
00:00:30: %DIAG-6-TEST_RUNNING : Running TestPortAsicLoopback{ID=2} ...
00:00:30: %DIAG-6-TEST_OK: TestPortAsicLoopback{ID=2} has completed successfully
Related Commands
Command
Description
show diagnostic
Displays online diagnostic test results.
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duplex
duplex
To specify the duplex mode of operation for a port, use the duplex command in interface configuration
mode. To return the port to its default value, use the no form of this command.
duplex {auto | full | half}
no duplex
Note
Syntax Description
Defaults
This command is not available on 10 Gigabit Ethernet ports.
auto
Enables automatic duplex configuration; port automatically detects whether it
should run in full- or half-duplex mode, depending on the attached device mode.
full
Enables full-duplex mode.
half
Enables half-duplex mode (only for interfaces operating at 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps).
You cannot configure half-duplex mode for interfaces operating at 1000 Mbps or
10,000 Mbps.
The default is auto for Fast Ethernet and Gigabit Ethernet ports and for 1000BASE-T small form-factor
pluggable (SFP) modules.
The default is half for 100BASE-FX MMF SFP modules.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
This command is visible for an SPP module only when a 1000BASE-T SFP module or a 100BASE-FX
MMF SFP module is in the SFP module slot. All other SFP modules operate only in full-duplex mode.
•
When a 1000BASE-T SFP module is in the SFP module slot, you can configure duplex mode to auto
or full.
•
When a 100BASE-FX MMF SFP module is in the SFP module slot, you can configure duplex mode
to half or full. Although the auto keyword is available, it puts the interface in half-duplex mode (the
default) because the 100BASE-FX MMF SFP module does not support autonegotiation.
Certain ports can be configured to be either full duplex or half duplex. Applicability of this command
depends on the device to which the switch is attached.
For Gigabit Ethernet ports, setting the port to auto has the same effect as specifying full if the attached
device does not autonegotiate the duplex parameter.
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duplex
Note
Half-duplex mode is supported on Gigabit Ethernet interfaces if duplex mode is auto and the
connected device is operating at half duplex. However, you cannot configure these interfaces to
operate in half-duplex mode.
If both ends of the line support autonegotiation, we highly recommend using the default autonegotiation
settings. If one interface supports autonegotiation and the other end does not, configure duplex and speed
on both interfaces; do use the auto setting on the supported side.
If the speed is set to auto, the switch negotiates with the device at the other end of the link for the speed
setting and then forces the speed setting to the negotiated value. The duplex setting remains as
configured on each end of the link, which could result in a duplex setting mismatch.
You can configure the duplex setting when the speed is set to auto.
Caution
Note
Changing the interface speed and duplex mode configuration might shut down and re-enable the
interface during the reconfiguration.
For guidelines on setting the switch speed and duplex parameters, see the software configuration guide
for this release.
You can verify your setting by entering the show interfaces privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure an interface for full duplex operation:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# duplex full
Related Commands
Command
Description
show interfaces
Displays the interface settings on the switch.
speed
Sets the speed on a 10/100 or 10/100/1000 Mbps interface.
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errdisable detect cause
errdisable detect cause
To enable error-disabled detection for a specific cause or all causes, use the errdisable detect cause
command in global configuration mode. To disable the error-disabled detection feature, use the no form
of this command.
errdisable detect cause {all | bpduguard | gbic-invalid | link-flap | loopback | pagp-flap |
ppoe-ia-rate-limit | security-violation | sfp-config-mismatch}
no errdisable detect cause {all | bpduguard | gbic-invalid | link-flap | loopback | pagp-flap |
ppoe-ia-rate-limit | security-violation | sfp-config-mismatch}
Note
Syntax Description
Although visible in the command-line help, the arp-inspection and dhcp rate-limit keywords are not
supported.
all
Enables error detection for all error-disable causes.
gbic-invalid
Enables error detection for an invalid Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC)
module.
Note
This error refers to an invalid small form-factor pluggable (SFP) module.
link-flap
Enables error detection for link-state flapping.
loopback
Enables error detection for detected loopbacks.
pagp-flap
Enables error detection for the Port Aggregation Protocol (PAgP) flap
error-disabled cause.
ppoe-ia-rate-limit Enables error detection for Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (ppoe) rate
limit.
security-violation Enables error detection for security violations.
sfp-config-misma
tch
Enables error detection on SFP configuration mismatch.
Defaults
Detection is enabled for all causes. All causes, except for per-VLAN error disabling, are configured to
shut down the entire port.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
A cause (all, link-flap, and so forth) is the reason why the error-disabled state occurred. When a cause
is detected on an interface, the interface is placed in an error-disabled state, an operational state that is
similar to a link-down state.
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errdisable detect cause
When a port is error-disabled, it is effectively shut down, and no traffic is sent or received on the port. For the
BPDU guard and port-security features, you can configure the switch to shut down just the offending
VLAN on the port when a violation occurs, instead of shutting down the entire port.
If you set a recovery mechanism for the cause by entering the errdisable recovery global configuration
command for the cause, the interface is brought out of the error-disabled state and allowed to retry the
operation when all causes have timed out. If you do not set a recovery mechanism, you must enter the
shutdown and then the no shutdown commands to manually recover an interface from the
error-disabled state.
You can verify your setting by entering the show errdisable detect privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to enable error-disabled detection for the link-flap error-disabled cause:
Switch(config)# errdisable detect cause link-flap
Related Commands
Command
Description
show errdisable detect
Displays errdisable detection information.
show interfaces status err-disabled
Displays interface status or a list of interfaces in the
error-disabled state.
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errdisable recovery
errdisable recovery
To configure the recover mechanism variables, use the errdisable recovery command in global
configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
errdisable recovery {cause {all | bpduguard | channel-misconfig | gbic-invalid | link-flap |
loopback | mac-limit | pagp-flap | oam-remote failure | port-mode failure |
ppoe-ia-rate-limit | storm-control | unicast-flood | | udld} | {interval interval}
no errdisable recovery {cause {all | bpduguard | channel-misconfig | gbic-invalid | link-flap |
loopback | mac-limit | pagp-flap | oam-remote failure | port-mode failure |
ppoe-ia-rate-limit | storm-control | unicast-flood | | udld} | {interval interval}
Note
Syntax Description
Although visible in the command-line help, the dhcp-rate-limit and psecure-violation keywords are
not supported.
cause
Enables the error-disabled mechanism to recover from a specific cause.
all
Enables the timer to recover from all error-disabled causes.
bpduguard
Enables the timer to recover from the bridge protocol data unit (BPDU) guard
error-disabled state.
channel-misconfig
Enables the timer to recover from the EtherChannel misconfiguration
error-disabled state.
gbic-invalid
Enables the timer to recover from an invalid Gigabit Interface Converter
(GBIC) module error-disabled state.
Note
This error refers to an invalid small form-factor pluggable (SFP)
error-disabled state.
link-flap
Enables the timer to recover from the link-flap error-disabled state.
loopback
Enables the timer to recover from a loopback error-disabled state.
mac-limit
Enables the timer to recover from the MAC limit disable state.
oam-remote failure
Enables the timer to recover from an Ethernet Operations, Administration,
and Maintenance (OAM) detected remote failure.
pagp-flap
Enables the timer to recover from the Port Aggregation Protocol (PAgP)-flap
error-disabled state.
port-mode failure
Enables the timer to recover from port mode change
ppoe-ia-rate-limit
Enables the timer to recover from Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet
(PPPoE) IA rate-limit.
udld
Enables the timer to recover from the UniDirectional Link Detection (UDLD)
error-disabled state.
unicast-flood
Enables the timer to recover from the unicast flood disable state.
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errdisable recovery
interval interval
Specifies the time to recover from the specified error-disabled state. The
range is 30 to 86400 seconds. The same interval is applied to all causes. The
default interval is 300 seconds.
Note
Note
Defaults
The error-disabled recovery timer is initialized at a random
differential from the configured interval value. The difference
between the actual timeout value and the configured value can be up
to 15 percent of the configured interval.
Although visible in the command-line interface help, the arp-inspection, security-violation, and vmps
keywords are not supported.
Recovery is disabled for all causes.
The default recovery interval is 300 seconds.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
A cause (all, bpduguard and so forth) is defined as the reason that the error-disabled state occurred.
When a cause is detected on an interface, the interface is placed in error-disabled state, an operational
state similar to link-down state. If you do not enable errdisable recovery for the cause, the interface stays
in error-disabled state until you enter a shutdown and no shutdown interface configuration command.
If you enable the recovery for a cause, the interface is brought out of the error-disabled state and allowed
to retry the operation again when all the causes have timed out.
Otherwise, you must enter the shutdown then no shutdown commands to manually recover an interface
from the error-disabled state
You can verify your settings by entering the show errdisable recovery privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to enable the recovery timer for the BPDU guard error-disabled cause:
Switch(config)# errdisable recovery cause bpduguard
This example shows how to set the timer to 500 seconds:
Switch(config)# errdisable recovery interval 500
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errdisable recovery
Related Commands
Command
Description
show errdisable recovery
Displays errdisable recovery timer information.
show interfaces status
err-disabled
Displays interface status or a list of interfaces in error-disabled
state.
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ethernet evc
ethernet evc
To define an Ethernet virtual connection (EVC) and to enter EVC configuration mode, use the ethernet
evc command in global configuration mode.To delete the EVC, use the no form of this command.
ethernet evc evc-id
no ethernet evc evc-id
Syntax Description
evc-id
Defaults
No EVCs are defined.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Examples
The EVC identifier. This can be a string of from 1 to 100 characters.
After you enter the ethernet evc evc-id command, the switch enters EVC configuration mode, and these
configuration commands are available:
•
default: sets the EVC to its default states.
•
exit: exits EVC configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.
•
no: negates a command or returns a command to its default setting.
•
oam protocol cfm svlan: configures the Ethernet operation, administration, and maintenance
(OAM) protocol as IEEE 802.1ag Connectivity Fault Management (CFM) and sets parameters. See
the oam protocol cfm svlan command.
•
uni count: configures a UNI count for the EVC. See the uni count command.
This example shows how to define an EVC and to enter EVC configuration mode:
Switch(config)# ethernet evc test1
Switch(config-evc)#
Related Commands
Command
Description
service instance id ethernet Configures an Ethernet service instance and attaches an EVC to it.
evc-id
show ethernet service evc
Displays information about configured EVCs.
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ethernet lmi
ethernet lmi
To configure enable Ethernet Local Management Interface (E-LMI) and to configure the switch as a
customer-edge (CE) device, use the ethernet lmi command in global configuration mode. To disable
E-LMI globally or to disable E-LMI CE, use the no form of this command.
ethernet lmi {ce | global}
no ethernet lmi {ce | global}
Syntax Description
ce
Enables the switch as an E-LMI CE device.
Note
global
The switch can only be an E-LMI CE device.
Enables E-LMI globally on the switch.
Defaults
Ethernet LMI is disabled. When enabled with the global keyword, by default the switch is a PR device.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Use ethernet lmi global command to enable E-LMI globally. Use ethernet lmi ce command to enable
the switch as E-LMI CE device.
Ethernet LMI is disabled by default on an interface and must be explicitly enabled by entering the
ethernet lmi interface interface configuration command. The ethernet lmi global command enables
Ethernet LMI on all interfaces for an entire device. The benefit of this command is that you can enable
Ethernet LMI on all interfaces with one command instead of enabling Ethernet LMI separately on each
interface. To enable the interface in CE mode, you must also enter the ethernet lmi ce global
configuration command.
To disable Ethernet LMI on a specific interface after you have entered the ethernet lmi global command,
enter the no ethernet lmi interface interface configuration command.
The sequence in which you enter the ethernet lmi interface interface configuration and ethernet lmi
global global configuration commands is important. The latest command entered overrides the prior
command entered.
Note
For information about the ethernet lmi interface configuration command, see the Cisco IOS Carrier
Ethernet Command Reference at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/cether/command/reference/ce_book.html
To enable the switch as an Ethernet LMI CE device, you must enter both the ethernet lmi global and
ethernet lmi ce commands. By default Ethernet LMI is disabled.
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ethernet lmi
When the switch is configured as an Ethernet LMI CE device, these interface configuration commands
and keywords are visible, but not supported:
Examples
•
service instance
•
ethernet uni
•
ethernet lmi t392
This example shows how to configure the switch as an Ethernet LMI CE device:
Switch(config)# ethernet lmi global
Switch(config)# ethernet lmi ce
Related Commands
Command
Description
ethernet lmi interface
configuration command
Enables Ethernet LMI for a user-network interface.
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ethernet oam remote-failure
ethernet oam remote-failure
To configure Ethernet operations, maintenance, and administration (EOM) remote failure indication, use
the ethernet oam remote-failure command in interface configuration or configuration template mode.
To remove the configuration, use the no form of this command.
ethernet oam remote-failure {critical-event | dying-gasp | link-fault} action
error-disable-interface
no ethernet oam remote-failure {critical-event | dying-gasp | link-fault} action
Syntax Description
Defaults
critical-event
Configures the switch to put an interface in error-disabled mode when an
unspecified critical event has occurred.
dying-gasp
Configures the switch to put an interface in error-disabled mode when an
unrecoverable condition has occurred.
link-fault
Configures the switch to put an interface in error-disabled mode when the
receiver detects a loss of power.
Configuration template
Interface configuration
Command Modes
Ethernet service configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can apply this command to an Ethernet OAM template and to an interface. The interface
configuration takes precedence over template configuration. To enter OAM template configuration
mode, use the template template-name global configuration command.
The switch does not generate Link Fault or Critical Event OAM PDUs. However, if these PDUs are
received from a link partner, they are processed. The switch supports generating and receiving Dying
Gasp OAM PDUs when Ethernet OAM is disabled, the interface is shut down, the interface enters the
error-disabled state, or the switch is reloading. The switch can also generate and receive Dying Gasp
PDUs based on loss of power. The PDU includes a reason code to indicate why it was sent.
You can configure an error-disable action to occur if the remote link goes down, if the remote device is
disabled, or if the remote device disables Ethernet OAM on the interface.
For complete command and configuration for the Ethernet OAM protocol, see the Cisco IOS Carrier
Ethernet Configuration Guide at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/cether/configuration/guide/12_2sr/ce_12_2sr_book.html
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ethernet uni id
ethernet uni id
To create an Ethernet user-network interface (UNI) ID, use the ethernet uni command in interface
configuration mode.To remove the UNI ID, use the no form of this command.
ethernet uni id name
no ethernet uni id
Syntax Description
name
Defaults
No UNI IDs are created.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Identifies an Ethernet UNI ID. The name should be unique for all UNIs that
are part of a given service instance and can be up to 64 characters in length.
When you configure a UNI ID on a port, that ID is used as the default name for all maintenance end
points (MEPs) configured on the port.
You must enter the ethernet uni id name command on all ports that are directly connected to
customer-edge (CE) devices. If the specified ID is not unique on the device, an error message appears.
Examples
This example shows how to identify a unique UNI:
Switch(config-if)# ethernet uni id test2
Related Commands
Command
Description
show interfaces
Displays information about Ethernet service instances on an interface,
including service type.
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exceed-action
exceed-action
To set actions for a policy-map class for packets that conform to the peak information rate (PIR) but not
the committed information rate (CIR), use the exceed-action command in policy-map class police
configuration mode. To cancel the action or to return to the default action, use the no form of this
command.
exceed-action {drop | set-cos-transmit new cos-value | set-discard-class-transmit new
discard-value | set-dscp-transmit new dscp-value | set-mpls-exp-imposition-transmit
new-imposition-exp-value | set-mpls-exp-topmost transmit new-topmost-exp-value |
set-prec-transmit value new prec-value | set-qos-transmit value new qos-value| transmit}
no exceed-action {drop | set-cos-transmit new cos-value | set-discard-class-transmit new
discard-value | set-dscp-transmit new dscp-value | set-mpls-exp-imposition-transmit
new-imposition-exp-value | set-mpls-exp-topmost transmit new-topmost-exp-value |
set-prec-transmit value new prec-value | set-qos-transmit value new qos-value| transmit}
Syntax Description
drop
Drops the packet.
set-cos-transmit
new-cos-value
Sets a new class of service (CoS) value for the packet and send the
packet. The range for the new CoS value is 0 to 7.
set-discard-class-transmit Sets a new discard-class value for the packet and send the packet. The
new discard-value
range for the value is 0 to 7.
set-dscp-transmit
new-dscp-value
Sets a new Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) value for the
packet and send the packet. The range for the new DCSP value is 0 to
63.
set-mpls-exp-imposition
transmit
new-imposition-exp-value
Sets an MPLS label using the new MPLS EXP value at tag imposition,
and send the packet. The range is 0 to 7.
set-mpls-exp-topmost
transmit
new-topmost-exp-value
Sets an MPLS label using the new MPLS EXP value for the topmost
(outer) MPLS label, and send the packet. The range is 0 to 7.
set-prec-transmit
new-precedence-value
Sets a new IP precedence value for the packet and send the packet. The
range for the new IP precedence value is 0 to 7.
set-qos-transmit
qos-group-value
Sets a new quality of service (QoS) group value for the packet and send
the packet. The range for the new QoS value is 0 to 99.
transmit
Sends the packet unmodified.
Defaults
The default action is to drop the packet.
Command Modes
Policy-map class police configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
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exceed-action
Usage Guidelines
You configure exceed actions for packets that conform to the peak information rate but not the committed
information rate (CIR).
The switch also supports simultaneously marking multiple QoS parameters for the same class and
configuring conform-action, exceed-action, and violate-action marking.
Access policy-map class police configuration mode by entering the police policy-map class command.
See the police policy-map class configuration command for more information.
You can use this command to set one or more exceed actions for a traffic class.
You can verify your settings by entering the show policy-map privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how configure multiple actions in a policy map that sets a committed information
rate of 5000000 bits per second (b/s) and a peak rate of 8000000 b/s:
Switch(config)# policy-map map1
Switch(config-pmap)# class class1
Switch(config-pmap-c)# police cir 5000000 pir 8000000
Switch(config-pmap-c-police)# conform-action transmit
Switch(config-pmap-c-police)# exceed-action set-dscp-transmit 24
Switch(config-pmap-c-police)# violate-action drop
Switch(config-pmap-c-police)# end
Related Commands
Command
Description
class
Defines a traffic classification match criteria for the specified
class-map name.
conform-action
Defines the action to take on traffic that conforms to the CIR.
police
Defines a policer for classified traffic.
policy-map
Creates or modifies a policy map that can be attached to multiple
ports to specify a service policy.
show policy-map
Displays QoS policy maps.
violate-action
Defines the action to take on traffic with a rate greater than the
conform rate plus the exceed burst.
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flowcontrol
flowcontrol
To set the receive flow-control state for an interface, use the flowcontrol command in interface
configuration mode. When flow control send is operable and on for a device and it detects any
congestion at its end, it notifies the link partner or the remote device of the congestion by sending a pause
frame. When flow control receive is on for a device and it receives a pause frame, it stops sending any
data packets. This prevents any loss of data packets during the congestion period.
To disable flow control, use the receive off keywords.
flowcontrol receive {desired | off | on}
Note
Syntax Description
The switch can only receive pause frames.
receive
Sets whether the interface can receive flow-control packets from a remote device.
desired
Allows an interface to operate with an attached device that is required to send
flow-control packets or with an attached device that is not required to but can send
flow-control packets.
off
Turns off the ability of an attached device to send flow-control packets to an interface.
on
Allows an interface to operate with an attached device that is required to send
flow-control packets or with an attached device that is not required to but can send
flow-control packets.
Defaults
The default is flowcontrol receive off.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The switch does not support sending flow-control pause frames.
Note that the on and desired keywords have the same result.
When you use the flowcontrol command to set a port to control traffic rates during congestion, you are
setting flow control on a port to one of these conditions:
•
receive on or desired: The port cannot send out pause frames, but can operate with an attached
device that is required to or is able to send pause frames; the port is able to receive pause frames.
•
receive off: Flow control does not operate in either direction. In case of congestion, no indication is
given to the link partner and no pause frames are sent or received by either device.
Table 2-2 shows the flow control results on local and remote ports for a combination of settings. The
table assumes that receive desired has the same results as using the receive on keywords.
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flowcontrol
You can verify your settings by entering the show interfaces privileged EXEC command.
Table 2-2
Flow Control Settings and Local and Remote Port Flow Control Resolution
Flow Control Settings
Flow Control Resolution
Local Device
Remote Device
Local Device
Remote Device
send off/receive on
send on/receive on
Receives only
Sends and receives
send on/receive off
Receives only
Sends only
send desired/receive on
Receives only
Sends and receives
send desired/receive off
Receives only
Sends only
send off/receive on
Receives only
Receives only
send off/receive off
Does not send or receive
Does not send or receive
send on/receive on
Does not send or receive
Does not send or receive
send on/receive off
Does not send or receive
Does not send or receive
send desired/receive on
Does not send or receive
Does not send or receive
send desired/receive off
Does not send or receive
Does not send or receive
send off/receive on
Does not send or receive
Does not send or receive
send off/receive off
Does not send or receive
Does not send or receive
send off/receive off
Examples
This example shows how to configure the local port to not support flow control by the remote port:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# flowcontrol receive off
Related Commands
Command
Description
show interfaces
Displays the interface settings on the switch, including input and output flow
control.
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hw-module module logging onboard
hw-module module logging onboard
To enable on-board failure logging (OBFL), use the hw-module module logging onboard command in
global configuration mode.To disable this feature, use the no form of this command.
hw-module module [slot-number] logging onboard [message level level]
no hw-module module [slot-number] logging onboard [message level]
Syntax Description
slot-number
(Optional) The slot number is always 1 and is not relevant for the ME-3400E.
message level
level
(Optional) Specifies the severity of the hardware-related messages that are stored in
the flash memory. The range is from 1 to 7 with 1 being the most severe.
Defaults
OBFL is enabled, and all messages appear.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
We recommend that you keep OBFL enabled and do not clear the data stored in the flash memory.
To ensure that the time stamps in the OBFL data logs are accurate, manually set the system clock, or
configure it by using Network Time Protocol (NTP).
If you do not enter the message level level parameter, all the hardware-related messages generated by
the switch are stored in the flash memory.
The optional slot number is always 1. Entering the hw-module module [slot-number] logging onboard
[message level level] command has the same result as entering the hw-module module logging
onboard [message level level] command.
You can verify your settings by entering the show logging onboard privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to enable OBFL on a switch stack and to specify that all the hardware-related
messages are stored in the flash memory:
Switch(config)# hw-module module logging onboard
This example shows how to enable OBFL on a switch and to specify that only severity 1
hardware-related messages are stored in the flash memory:
Switch(config)# hw-module module logging onboard message level 1
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hw-module module logging onboard
Related Commands
Command
Description
clear logging onboard
Removes the OBFL data in the flash memory.
show logging onboard
Displays OBFL information.
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interface port-channel
interface port-channel
To access or create the port-channel logical interface, use the interface port-channel command in
global configuration mode. To remove the port-channel, use the no form of this command.
interface port-channel port-channel-number
no interface port-channel port-channel-number
Syntax Description
port-channel-number
Defaults
No port-channel logical interfaces are defined.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Note
Port-channel number. The range is 1 to 26.
For Layer 2 EtherChannels, you do not have to create a port-channel interface first before assigning a
physical port to a channel group. Instead, you can use the channel-group interface configuration
command. It automatically creates the port-channel interface when the channel group gets its first
physical port. If you create the port-channel interface first, the channel-group-number can be the same
as the port-channel-number, or you can use a new number. If you use a new number, the channel-group
command dynamically creates a new port channel.
EtherChannels are not supported on ports configured with Ethernet flow point (EFP) service instances.
You create Layer 3 port channels by using the interface port-channel command followed by the no
switchport interface configuration command. You should manually configure the port-channel logical
interface before putting the interface into the channel group.
Only one port channel in a channel group is allowed.
Caution
When using a port-channel interface as a routed port, do not assign Layer 3 addresses on the physical
ports that are assigned to the channel group.
Caution
Do not assign bridge groups on the physical ports in a channel group used as a Layer 3 port-channel
interface because it creates loops. You must also disable spanning tree.
If you want to use the Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP), you must configure it only on the physical port
and not on the port-channel interface.
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interface port-channel
For a complete list of configuration guidelines, see the “Configuring EtherChannels” chapter in the
software configuration guide for this release.
You can verify your setting by entering the show running-config privileged EXEC or show
etherchannel channel-group-number detail privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to create a port-channel interface with a port channel number of 5:
Switch(config)# interface port-channel 5
Related Commands
Command
Description
channel-group
Assigns an Ethernet port to an EtherChannel group.
show etherchannel
Displays EtherChannel information for a channel.
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
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interface range
interface range
To enter interface range configuration mode and to execute a command on multiple ports at the same
time, use the interface range command in global configuration mode. To remove an interface range, use
the no form of this command.
interface range {port-range | macro name}
no interface range {port-range | macro name}
Syntax Description
port-range
Port range. For a list of valid values for port-range, see the “Usage Guidelines”
section.
macro name
Specifies the name of a macro.
Defaults
This command has no default setting.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
When you enter interface range configuration mode, all interface parameters you enter are attributed to
all interfaces within the range.
For VLANs, you can use the interface range command only on existing VLAN switch virtual interfaces
(SVIs). To display VLAN SVIs, enter the show running-config privileged EXEC command. VLANs not
displayed cannot be used in the interface range command. The commands entered under interface
range command are applied to all existing VLAN SVIs in the range.
All configuration changes made to an interface range are saved to NVRAM, but the interface range itself
is not saved to NVRAM.
You can enter the interface range in two ways:
•
Specifying up to five interface ranges
•
Specifying a previously defined interface-range macro
All interfaces in a range must be the same type; that is, all Fast Ethernet ports, all Gigabit Ethernet ports,
all EtherChannel ports, or all VLANs. However, you can define up to five interface ranges with a single
command, with each range separated by a comma.
Valid values for port-range type and interface:
•
vlan vlan-ID - vlan-ID, where VLAN ID is from 1 to 4094
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interface range
•
gigabitethernet module/{first port} - {last port}, where module is always 0
•
tengigabitethernet module/{first port} - {last port}, where module is always 0
For physical interfaces:
– module is always 0
– the range is type 0/number - number (for example, gigabitethernet0/1 - 2)
•
Note
port-channel port-channel-number - port-channel-number, where port-channel-number is from 1
to 48
When you use the interface range command with port channels, the first and last port channel number
in the range must be active port channels.
When you define a range, you must enter a space between the first entry and the hyphen (-):
interface range gigabitethernet0/1 -2
When you define multiple ranges, you must still enter a space after the first entry and before the
comma (,):
interface range tengigabitetherne0/1 - 2, gigabitethernet0/1 - 2
You cannot specify both a macro and an interface range in the same command.
A single interface can also be specified in port-range (this would make the command similar to the
interface interface-id global configuration command).
Note
Examples
For more information about configuring interface ranges, see the software configuration guide for this
release.
This example shows how to use the interface range command to enter interface range configuration
mode to apply commands to two ports:
Switch(config)# interface range gigabitethernet0/1 - 2
Switch(config-if-range)#
This example shows how to use a port-range macro macro1 for the same function. The advantage is that
you can reuse macro1 until you delete it.
Switch(config)# define interface-range macro1 gigabitethernet0/1 - 2
Switch(config)# interface range macro macro1
Switch(config-if-range)#
Related Commands
Command
Description
define interface-range
Creates an interface range macro.
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
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interface vlan
interface vlan
To create or access a switch virtual interface (SVI) and to enter interface configuration mode, use the
interface vlan command in global configuration mode. To delete an SVI, use the no form of this
command.
interface vlan vlan-id
no interface vlan vlan-id
Syntax Description
vlan-id
Defaults
The default VLAN interface is VLAN 1.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Note
VLAN number. The range is 1 to 4094.
SVIs are created the first time that you enter the interface vlan vlan-id command for a particular vlan.
The vlan-id corresponds to the VLAN-tag associated with data frames on an IEEE 802.1Q encapsulated
trunk or the VLAN ID configured for an access port.
When you create an SVI, it does not become active until it is associated with a physical port.
If you delete an SVI by entering the no interface vlan vlan-id command, the deleted interface is no
longer visible in the output from the show interfaces privileged EXEC command.
Note
You cannot delete the VLAN 1 interface.
You can reinstate a deleted SVI by entering the interface vlan vlan-id command for the deleted
interface. The interface comes back up, but much of the previous configuration will be gone.
You can verify your setting by entering the show interfaces and show interfaces vlan vlan-id privileged
EXEC commands.
Examples
This example shows how to create VLAN ID 23 and enter interface configuration mode:
Switch(config)# interface vlan 23
Switch(config-if)#
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interface vlan
Related Commands
Command
Description
show interfaces vlan vlan-id
Displays the administrative and operational status of all
interfaces or the specified VLAN.
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ip access-group
ip access-group
To control access to a Layer 2 or Layer 3 interface, use the ip access-group command in interface
configuration mode.To remove all access groups or the specified access group from the interface, use the
no form of this command.
ip access-group {access-list-number | name} {in | out}
no ip access-group [access-list-number | name] {in | out}
Note
Syntax Description
You cannot attach an ACL to a Layer 2 port that has an Ethernet flow point (EFP) service instance
configured on it. The ip access-group command is rejected on these ports.
access-list-number
The number of the IP access control list (ACL). The range is 1 to 199 or
1300 to 2699.
name
The name of an IP ACL, specified in the ip access-list global configuration
command.
in
Specifies filtering on inbound packets.
out
Specifies filtering on outbound packets. This keyword is valid only on
Layer 3 interfaces.
Defaults
No access list is applied to the interface.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can apply named or numbered standard or extended IP access lists to an interface. To define an
access list by name, use the ip access-list global configuration command. To define a numbered access
list, use the access list global configuration command. You can used numbered standard access lists
ranging from 1 to 99 and 1300 to 1999 or extended access lists ranging from 100 to 199 and 2000 to
2699.
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ip access-group
You can use this command to apply an access list to a Layer 2 interface (port ACL) or Layer 3 interface.
However, note these limitations for port ACLs:
•
You can only apply ACLs in the inbound direction; the out keyword is not supported for Layer 2
interfaces.
•
You cannot apply an ACL to a port configured with a service instance. Layer 2 ACLs are not
supported on these ports.
– If you try to configure a service instance on a port that has a port ACL attached, the service port
configuration is rejected with a warning message.
– If you try to attach a port ACL to a port that has a service instance, the configuration is rejected
with a warning message.
•
You can only apply one IP ACL and one MAC ACL per interface.
•
Port ACLs do not support logging; if the log keyword is specified in the IP ACL, it is ignored.
•
An IP ACL applied to a Layer 2 interface only filters IP packets. To filter non-IP packets, use the
mac access-group interface configuration command with MAC extended ACLs.
You can use router ACLs, input port ACLs, and VLAN maps on the same switch. However, a port ACL
always takes precedence. When both an input port ACL and a VLAN map are applied, incoming packets
received on ports with the port ACL applied are filtered by the port ACL. Other packets are filtered by
the VLAN map.
•
When an input port ACL is applied to an interface and a VLAN map is applied to a VLAN that the
interface is a member of, incoming packets received on ports with the ACL applied are filtered by
the port ACL. Other packets are filtered by the VLAN map.
•
When an input router ACL and input port ACLs exist in an switch virtual interface (SVI), incoming
packets received on ports to which a port ACL is applied are filtered by the port ACL. Incoming
routed IP packets received on other ports are filtered by the router ACL. Other packets are not
filtered.
•
When an output router ACL and input port ACLs exist in an SVI, incoming packets received on the
ports to which a port ACL is applied are filtered by the port ACL. Outgoing routed IP packets are
filtered by the router ACL. Other packets are not filtered.
•
When a VLAN map, input router ACLs, and input port ACLs exist in an SVI, incoming packets
received on the ports to which a port ACL is applied are only filtered by the port ACL. Incoming
routed IP packets received on other ports are filtered by both the VLAN map and the router ACL.
Other packets are filtered only by the VLAN map.
•
When a VLAN map, output router ACLs, and input port ACLs exist in an SVI, incoming packets
received on the ports to which a port ACL is applied are only filtered by the port ACL. Outgoing
routed IP packets are filtered by both the VLAN map and the router ACL. Other packets are filtered
only by the VLAN map.
•
VLAN maps are applied to all switchports that belong to the VLAN, as well as EFPs with a bridge
domain equal to the VLAN.
You can apply IP ACLs to both outbound or inbound Layer 3 interfaces.
A Layer 3 interface can have one IP ACL applied in each direction.
You can configure only one VLAN map and one router ACL in each direction (input/output) on a VLAN
interface.
For standard inbound access lists, after the switch receives a packet, it checks the source address of the
packet against the access list. IP extended access lists can optionally check other fields in the packet,
such as the destination IP address, protocol type, or port numbers. If the access list permits the packet,
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ip access-group
the switch continues to process the packet. If the access list denies the packet, the switch discards the
packet. If the access list has been applied to a Layer 3 interface, discarding a packet (by default) causes
the generation of an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Host Unreachable message. ICMP Host
Unreachable messages are not generated for packets discarded on a Layer 2 interface.
For standard outbound access lists, after receiving a packet and sending it to a controlled interface, the
switch checks the packet against the access list. If the access list permits the packet, the switch sends the
packet. If the access list denies the packet, the switch discards the packet and, by default, generates an
ICMP Host Unreachable message.
If the specified access list does not exist, all packets are passed.
You can verify your settings by entering the show ip interface, show access-lists, or show ip
access-lists privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to apply IP access list 101 to inbound packets on a port:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# ip access-group 101 in
Related Commands
Command
Description
access list
Configures a numbered ACL.
ip access-list
Configures a named ACL.
show access-lists
Displays ACLs configured on the switch.
show ip access-lists
Displays IP ACLs configured on the switch.
show ip interface
Displays information about interface status and configuration.
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ip address
ip address
To set an IP address for the Layer 2 switch or to set an IP address for each switch virtual interface (SVI)
or routed port on the Layer 3 switch, use the ip address command in interface configuration mode. To
remove an IP address or to disable IP processing, use the no form of this command.
ip address ip-address subnet-mask [secondary]
no ip address [ip-address subnet-mask] [secondary]
Syntax Description
ip-address
IP address.
subnet-mask
Mask for the associated IP subnet.
secondary
(Optional) Specifies that the configured address is a secondary IP address. If
this keyword is omitted, the configured address is the primary IP address.
Defaults
No IP address is defined.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
If you remove the switch IP address through a Telnet session, your connection to the switch will be lost.
Hosts can find subnet masks using the Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Mask Request
message. Routers respond to this request with an ICMP Mask Reply message.
You can disable IP processing on a particular interface by removing its IP address with the no ip address
command. If the switch detects another host using one of its IP addresses, it will send an error message
to the console.
You can use the optional keyword secondary to specify an unlimited number of secondary addresses.
Secondary addresses are treated like primary addresses, except the system never generates datagrams
other than routing updates with secondary source addresses. IP broadcasts and ARP requests are handled
properly, as are interface routes in the IP routing table.
Note
If any router on a network segment uses a secondary address, all other devices on that same segment
must also use a secondary address from the same network or subnet. Inconsistent use of secondary
addresses on a network segment can very quickly cause routing loops.
When you are routing Open Shortest Path First (OSPF), ensure that all secondary addresses of an
interface fall into the same OSPF area as the primary addresses.
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ip address
If your switch receives its IP address from a Bootstrap Protocol (BOOTP) or a DHCP server and you
remove the switch IP address by using the no ip address command, IP processing is disabled, and the
BOOTP or the DHCP server cannot reassign the address.
You can verify your settings by entering the show running-config privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure the IP address for the Layer 2 switch on a subnetted network:
Switch(config)# interface vlan 1
Switch(config-if)# ip address 172.20.128.2 255.255.255.0
This example shows how to configure the IP address for a Layer 3 port on the switch:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# no switchport
Switch(config-if)# ip address 172.20.128.2 255.255.255.0
Related Commands
Command
Description
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
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ip igmp filter
ip igmp filter
To control whether or not all hosts on a Layer 2 interface can join one or more IP multicast groups by
applying an Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) profile to the interface, use the ip igmp filter
command in interface configuration mode. To remove the specified profile from the interface, use the no
form of this command.
ip igmp filter profile number
no ip igmp filter
Syntax Description
profile number
Defaults
No IGMP filters are applied.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The IGMP profile number to be applied. The range is 1 to 4294967295.
You can apply IGMP filters only to Layer 2 physical interfaces.
You cannot apply IGMP filters to routed ports, switch virtual interfaces (SVIs), or ports that belong to
an EtherChannel group.
An IGMP profile can be applied to one or more switch port interfaces, but one port can have only one
profile applied to it.
You can verify your setting by using the show running-config privileged EXEC command and by
specifying an interface.
Examples
This example shows how to apply IGMP profile 22 to a port.
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch(config-if)# ip igmp filter 22
Related Commands
Command
Description
ip igmp profile
Configures the specified IGMP profile number.
show ip igmp profile
Displays the characteristics of the specified IGMP profile.
show running-config interface Displays the running configuration on the switch interface, including
interface-id
the IGMP profile (if any) that is applied to an interface.
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ip igmp max-groups
ip igmp max-groups
To set the maximum number of Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) groups that a Layer 2
interface can join, or to configure the IGMP throttling action when the maximum number of entries is in
the forwarding table, use the ip igmp max-groups command in interface configuration mode. To set the
maximum back to the default, which is to have no maximum limit, or to return to the default throttling
action, which is to drop the report, use the no form of this command.
ip igmp max-groups {number | action {deny | replace}}
no ip igmp max-groups {number | action}
Syntax Description
Defaults
number
The maximum number of IGMP groups that an interface can join. The range is 0 to
4294967294. The default is no limit.
action deny
When the maximum number of entries is in the IGMP snooping forwarding table, drops
the next IGMP join report. This is the default action.
action
replace
When the maximum number of entries is in the IGMP snooping forwarding table,
replaces the existing group with the new group for which the ICMP report was received.
The default maximum number of groups is no limit.
After the switch learns the maximum number of IGMP group entries on an interface, the default
throttling action is to drop the next IGMP report that the interface receives and to not add an entry for
the IGMP group to the interface.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can use this command only on Layer 2 physical interfaces and on logical EtherChannel interfaces.
You cannot set IGMP maximum groups for routed ports, switch virtual interfaces (SVIs), or ports that
belong to an EtherChannel group.
Follow these guidelines when configuring the IGMP throttling action:
•
If you configure the throttling action as deny and set the maximum group limitation, the entries that
were previously in the forwarding table are not removed but are aged out. After these entries are
aged out, when the maximum number of entries is in the forwarding table, the switch drops the next
IGMP report received on the interface.
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ip igmp max-groups
•
If you configure the throttling action as replace and set the maximum group limitation, the entries
that were previously in the forwarding table are removed. When the maximum number of entries is
in the forwarding table, the switch replaces a randomly-selected multicast entry with the received
IGMP report.
•
When the maximum group limitation is set to the default (no maximum), entering the ip igmp
max-groups {deny | replace} command has no effect.
You can verify your setting by using the show running-config privileged EXEC command and by
specifying an interface.
Examples
This example shows how to limit to 25 the number of IGMP groups that a port can join.
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch(config-if)# ip igmp max-groups 25
This example shows how to configure the switch to replace the existing group with the new group for
which the IGMP report was received when the maximum number of entries is in the forwarding table:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# ip igmp max-groups action replace
Related Commands
Command
Description
show running-config interface Displays the running configuration on the switch interface, including
interface-id
the maximum number of IGMP groups that an interface can join and
the throttling action.
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ip igmp profile
ip igmp profile
To create an Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) profile and enter IGMP profile configuration
mode, use the ip igmp profile command in global configuration mode. In enter IGMP profile
configuration mode, you can specify the configuration of the IGMP profile to be used for filtering IGMP
membership reports from a switchport. To delete the IGMP profile, use the no form of this command.
ip igmp profile profile number
no ip igmp profile profile number
Syntax Description
profile number
Defaults
No IGMP profiles are defined. When configured, the default action for matching an IGMP profile is to
deny matching addresses.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The IGMP profile number being configured. The range is 1 to 4294967295.
When you are in IGMP profile configuration mode, you can create the profile by using these commands:
•
deny: specifies that matching addresses are denied; this is the default condition.
•
exit: exits from igmp-profile configuration mode.
•
no: negates a command or resets to its defaults.
•
permit: specifies that matching addresses are permitted.
•
range: specifies a range of IP addresses for the profile. This can be a single IP address or a range
with a start and an end address.
When entering a range, enter the low IP multicast address, a space, and the high IP multicast address.
You can apply an IGMP profile to one or more Layer 2 interfaces, but each interface can have only one
profile applied to it.
You can verify your settings by using the show ip igmp profile privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure IGMP profile 40 that permits the specified range of IP multicast
addresses.
Switch(config)# ip igmp profile 40
Switch(config-igmp-profile)# permit
Switch(config-igmp-profile)# range 233.1.1.1 233.255.255.255
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ip igmp profile
Related Commands
Command
Description
ip igmp filter
Applies the IGMP profile to the specified interface.
show ip igmp profile
Displays the characteristics of all IGMP profiles or the specified
IGMP profile number.
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ip igmp snooping
ip igmp snooping
To globally enable Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping on the switch or to enable it
on a per-VLAN basis, use the ip igmp snooping command in global configuration mode. To return to
the default setting, use the no form of this command.
ip igmp snooping [vlan vlan-id]
no ip igmp snooping [vlan vlan-id]
Syntax Description
vlan vlan-id
Defaults
IGMP snooping is globally enabled on the switch.
(Optional) Enables IGMP snooping on the specified VLAN. The range is 1
to 1001 and 1006 to 4094.
IGMP snooping is enabled on VLAN interfaces.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
When IGMP snooping is enabled globally, it is enabled in all the existing VLAN interfaces. When IGMP
snooping is disabled globally, it is disabled on all the existing VLAN interfaces.
VLAN IDs 1002 to 1005 are reserved for Token Ring and FDDI VLANs and cannot be used in IGMP
snooping.
You can verify your settings by entering the show ip igmp snooping privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to globally enable IGMP snooping:
Switch(config)# ip igmp snooping
This example shows how to enable IGMP snooping on VLAN 1:
Switch(config)# ip igmp snooping vlan 1
Related Commands
Command
Description
ip igmp snooping report-suppression
Enables IGMP report suppression.
show ip igmp snooping
Displays the snooping configuration.
show ip igmp snooping groups
Displays IGMP snooping multicast information.
show ip igmp snooping mrouter
Displays the IGMP snooping router ports.
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ip igmp snooping last-member-query-interval
ip igmp snooping last-member-query-interval
To enable the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) configurable-leave timer globally or on a
per-VLAN basis, use the ip igmp snooping last-member-query-interval command in global
configuration command. To the default setting, use the no form of this command to return.
ip igmp snooping [vlan vlan-id] last-member-query-interval time
no ip igmp snooping [vlan vlan-id] last-member-query-interval
Syntax Descriptiont
vlan vlan-id
(Optional) Enables IGMP snooping and the leave timer on the specified
VLAN. The range is 1 to 1001 and 1006 to 4094.
time
Interval time out in seconds. The range is 100 to 32768 milliseconds.
Defaults
The default timeout setting is 1000 milliseconds.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
When IGMP snooping is globally enabled, IGMP snooping is enabled on all the existing VLAN
interfaces. When IGMP snooping is globally disabled, IGMP snooping is disabled on all the existing
VLAN interfaces.
VLAN IDs 1002 to 1005 are reserved for Token Ring and FDDI VLANs and cannot be used in IGMP
snooping.
Configuring the leave timer on a VLAN overrides the global setting.
The IGMP configurable leave time is only supported on devices running IGMP Version 2.
The configuration is saved in NVRAM.
You can verify your settings by entering the show ip igmp snooping privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to globally enable the IGMP leave timer for 2000 milliseconds:
Switch(config)# ip igmp snooping last-member-query-interval 2000
This example shows how to configure the IGMP leave timer for 3000 milliseconds on VLAN 1:
Switch(config)# ip igmp snooping vlan 1 last-member-query-interval 3000
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ip igmp snooping last-member-query-interval
Related Commands
Command
Description
ip igmp snooping
Enables IGMP snooping on the switch or on a VLAN.
ip igmp snooping vlan immediate-leave
Enables IGMP Immediate-Leave processing.
ip igmp snooping vlan mrouter
Configures a Layer 2 port as a multicast router port.
ip igmp snooping vlan static
Configures a Layer 2 port as a member of a group.
show ip igmp snooping
Displays the IGMP snooping configuration.
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ip igmp snooping report-suppression
ip igmp snooping report-suppression
To enable Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) report suppression, use the ip igmp snooping
report-suppression command in global configuration mode. To disable IGMP report suppression and
to forward all IGMP reports to multicast routers, u se the no form of this command.
ip igmp snooping report-suppression
no ip igmp snooping report-suppression
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Defaults
IGMP report suppression is enabled.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
IGMP report suppression is supported only when the multicast query has IGMPv1 and IGMPv2 reports.
This feature is not supported when the query includes IGMPv3 reports.
The switch uses IGMP report suppression to forward only one IGMP report per multicast router query
to multicast devices. When IGMP router suppression is enabled (the default), the switch sends the first
IGMP report from all hosts for a group to all the multicast routers. The switch does not send the
remaining IGMP reports for the group to the multicast routers. This feature prevents duplicate reports
from being sent to the multicast devices.
If the multicast router query includes requests only for IGMPv1 and IGMPv2 reports, the switch
forwards only the first IGMPv1 or IGMPv2 report from all hosts for a group to all the multicast routers.
If the multicast router query also includes requests for IGMPv3 reports, the switch forwards all IGMPv1,
IGMPv2, and IGMPv3 reports for a group to the multicast devices.
If you disable IGMP report suppression by entering the no ip igmp snooping report-suppression
command, all IGMP reports are forwarded to all the multicast routers.
You can verify your settings by entering the show ip igmp snooping privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to disable report suppression:
Switch(config)# no ip igmp snooping report-suppression
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ip igmp snooping report-suppression
Related Commands
Command
Description
ip igmp snooping
Enables IGMP snooping on the switch or on a VLAN.
show ip igmp snooping
Displays the IGMP snooping configuration of the switch or the VLAN.
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ip igmp snooping tcn
ip igmp snooping tcn
To configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) Topology Change Notification (TCN)
behavior, use the ip igmp snooping tcn command in global configuration mode. To return to the default
settings, use the no form of this command.
ip igmp snooping tcn {flood query count count | query solicit}
no ip igmp snooping tcn {flood query count | query solicit}
Syntax Description
flood query count count Specifies the number of IGMP general queries for which the multicast
traffic is flooded. The range is 1 to 10.
query solicit
Defaults
Sends an IGMP leave message (global leave) to speed the process of
recovering from the flood mode caused during a TCN event.
The TCN flood query count is 2.
The TCN query solicitation is disabled.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can prevent the loss of the multicast traffic that might occur because of a topology change by using
this command. If you set the TCN flood query count to 1 by using the ip igmp snooping tcn flood query
count command, the flooding stops after receiving one general query. If you set the count to 7, the
flooding of multicast traffic due to the TCN event lasts until seven general queries are received. Groups
are relearned based on the general queries received during the TCN event.
You can verify your settings by entering the show ip igmp snooping privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to specify 7 as the number of IGMP general queries for which the multicast
traffic is flooded:
Switch(config)# no ip igmp snooping tcn flood query count 7
Related Commands
Command
Description
ip igmp snooping
Enables IGMP snooping on the switch or on a VLAN.
ip igmp snooping tcn flood
Specifies flooding on an interface as the IGMP snooping spanning-tree
TCN behavior.
show ip igmp snooping
Displays the IGMP snooping configuration of the switch or the VLAN.
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ip igmp snooping tcn flood
ip igmp snooping tcn flood
To specify multicast flooding as the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping
spanning-tree Topology Change Notification (TCN) behavior, use the ip igmp snooping tcn flood
command in interface configuration mode. To disable the multicast flooding, use the no form of this
command.
ip igmp snooping tcn flood
no ip igmp snooping tcn flood
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Defaults
Multicast flooding is enabled on an interface during a spanning-tree TCN event.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
When the switch receives a TCN, multicast traffic is flooded to all the ports until two general queries are
received. If the switch has many ports with attached hosts that are subscribed to different multicast
groups, this flooding behavior might not be desirable because the flooded traffic might exceed the
capacity of the link and cause packet loss.
You can change the flooding query count by using the ip igmp snooping tcn flood query count count
global configuration command.
You can verify your settings by entering the show ip igmp snooping privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to disable the multicast flooding on an interface:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch(config-if)# no ip igmp snooping tcn flood
Related Commands
Command
Description
ip igmp snooping
Enables IGMP snooping on the switch or on a VLAN.
ip igmp snooping tcn
Configures the IGMP TCN behavior on the switch.
show ip igmp snooping
Displays the IGMP snooping configuration of the switch or the VLAN.
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ip igmp snooping vlan immediate-leave
ip igmp snooping vlan immediate-leave
To enable Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping immediate-leave processing on a
per-VLAN basis, use the ip igmp snooping vlan vlan-id immediate-leave command in global
configuration mode.To return to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
ip igmp snooping vlan vlan-id immediate-leave
no ip igmp snooping vlan vlan-id immediate-leave
Syntax Description
vlan-id
Defaults
IGMP immediate-leave processing is disabled.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Enable IGMP snooping and the Immediate-Leave feature on the specified
VLAN. The range is 1 to 1001 and 1006 to 4094.
VLAN IDs 1002 to 1005 are reserved for Token Ring and FDDI VLANs and cannot be used in IGMP
snooping.
You should only configure the Immediate Leave feature when there is a maximum of one receiver on
every port in the VLAN. The configuration is saved in NVRAM.
The Immediate Leave feature is supported only with IGMP Version 2 hosts.
You can verify your settings by entering the show ip igmp snooping privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to enable IGMP immediate-leave processing on VLAN 1:
Switch(config)# ip igmp snooping vlan 1 immediate-leave
Related Commands
Command
Description
ip igmp snooping report-suppression
Enables IGMP report suppression.
show ip igmp snooping
Displays the snooping configuration.
show ip igmp snooping groups
Displays IGMP snooping multicast information.
show ip igmp snooping mrouter
Displays the IGMP snooping router ports.
show ipc detail
Displays the configuration and operation information for
the IGMP querier configured on a switch.
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ip igmp snooping vlan mrouter
ip igmp snooping vlan mrouter
To add a multicast router port or to configure the multicast learning method, use the ip igmp snooping
vlan vlan-id mrouter command in global configuration mode. To return to the default settings, use the
no form of this command.
ip igmp snooping vlan vlan-id mrouter {interface interface-id | learn pim-dvmrp}
no ip igmp snooping vlan vlan-id mrouter {interface interface-id | learn pim-dvmrp}
Note
Syntax Description
Defaults
Though visible in the command-line help strings, the cgmp keyword is not supported.
vlan-id
Enables IGMP snooping, and add the port in the specified VLAN as the
multicast router port. The range is 1 to 1001 and 1006 to 4094.
interface interface-id
Specifies the next-hop interface to the multicast router. Valid interfaces are
physical interfaces and port channels. The port-channel range is 1 to 48.
learn pim-dvmrp
Specifies the multicast router learning method. The only learning method
supported on the Cisco ME switch is pim-dvmrp, which sets the switch to
learn multicast router ports by snooping on IGMP queries and
Protocol-Independent Multicast-Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol
(PIM-DVMRP) packets.
By default, there are no multicast router ports.
The default learning method is pim-dvmrp—to snoop IGMP queries and PIM-DVMRP packets.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
VLAN IDs 1002 to 1005 are reserved for Token Ring and FDDI VLANs and cannot be used in IGMP
snooping.
The configuration is saved in NVRAM.
You can verify your settings by entering the show ip igmp snooping privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure a port as a multicast router port:
Switch(config)# ip igmp snooping vlan 1 mrouter interface gigabitethernet0/2
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ip igmp snooping vlan mrouter
Related Commands
Command
Description
ip igmp snooping report-suppression
Enables IGMP report suppression.
show ip igmp snooping
Displays the snooping configuration.
show ip igmp snooping groups
Displays IGMP snooping multicast information.
show ip igmp snooping mrouter
Displays the IGMP snooping router ports.
show ipc detail
Displays the configuration and operation information for
the IGMP querier configured on a switch.
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ip igmp snooping vlan static
ip igmp snooping vlan static
To enable Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping and to statically add a Layer 2 port as
a member of a multicast group, use the ip igmp snooping vlan vlan-id static command in global
configuration mode. To remove ports specified as members of a static multicast group, use the no form
of this command.
ip igmp snooping vlan vlan-id static ip-address interface interface-id
no ip igmp snooping vlan vlan-id static ip-address interface interface-id
Syntax Description
vlan-id
Enables IGMP snooping on the specified VLAN. The range is 1 to 1001 and
1006 to 4094.
ip-address
Adds a Layer 2 port as a member of a multicast group with the specified
group IP address.
interface interface-id
Specifies the interface of the member port. The keywords have these
meanings:
•
gigabitethernet interface number—a Gigabit Ethernet IEEE 802.3z
interface.
•
Tengigabitethernet interface number—a 10-Gigabit Ethernet interface.
•
port-channel interface number—a channel interface. The range is 0
to 26.
Defaults
By default, there are no ports statically configures as members of a multicast group.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
VLAN IDs 1002 to 1005 are reserved for Token Ring and FDDI VLANs and cannot be used in IGMP
snooping.
The configuration is saved in NVRAM.
Examples
This example shows how to statically configure a port as a multicast router port:
Switch(config)# ip igmp snooping vlan 1 mrouter interface gigabitethernet0/2
You can verify your settings by entering the show ip igmp snooping privileged EXEC command.
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ip igmp snooping vlan static
Related Commands
Command
Description
ip igmp snooping report-suppression
Enables IGMP report suppression.
show ip igmp snooping
Displays the snooping configuration.
show ip igmp snooping groups
Displays IGMP snooping multicast information.
show ip igmp snooping mrouter
Displays the IGMP snooping router ports.
show ipc detail
Displays the configuration and operation information for
the IGMP querier configured on a switch.
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ip ssh
ip ssh
To configure the switch to run Secure Shell (SSH) Version 1 or SSH Version 2, use the ip ssh global
configuration command. To return to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
ip ssh version [1 | 2]
no ip ssh version [1 | 2]
This command is available only when your switch is running the cryptographic (encrypted) software
image.
Syntax Description
1
(Optional) Configures the switch to run SSH Version 1 (SSHv1).
2
(Optional) Configures the switch to run SSH Version 2 (SSHv1).
Defaults
The default version is the latest SSH version supported by the SSH client.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
If you do not enter this command or if you do not specify a keyword, the SSH server selects the latest
SSH version supported by the SSH client. For example, if the SSH client supports SSHv1 and SSHv2,
the SSH server selects SSHv2.
The switch supports an SSHv1 or an SSHv2 server. It also supports an SSHv1 client. For more
information about the SSH server and the SSH client, see the software configuration guide for this
release.
A Rivest, Shamir, and Adelman (RSA) key pair generated by an SSHv1 server can be used by an SSHv2
server and the reverse.
You can verify your settings by entering the show ip ssh or show ssh privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure the switch to run SSH Version 2:
Switch(config)# ip ssh version 2
Related Commands
Command
Description
show ip ssh
Displays if the SSH server is enabled and displays the version and
configuration information for the SSH server.
show ssh
Displays the status of the SSH server.
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l2protocol
l2protocol
To tunnel Layer 2 control packets as data over an Ethernet flow point (EFP) service instance or to allow
Layer 2 protocols to peer over an interface configured with a service instance, use the l2protocol
command in service-instance configuration mode. To remove the configuration, use the no form of the
command.
l2protocol {peer | tunnel} [cdp | dtp | lacp | lldp | pagp | stp | udld | vtp]
no l2protocol {peer | tunnel} [cdp | dtp | lacp | lldp | pagp | stp | udld | vtp]
Syntax Description\
peer
Configures the EFP to allow Layer 2 protocols to peer with a neighboring switch on an
EFP-enabled interface.
tunnel
Configures the EFP to tunnel Layer 2 control packets.
cdp
(Optional) Specifies that the switch peer or tunnel Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP)
packets.
dtp
(Optional) Specifies that the switch tunnel Dynamic Trunking Protocol (DTP) packets.
This keyword is not supported with the peer keyword.
lacp
(Optional) Specifies that the switch peer or tunnel Link Aggregation Control Protocol
(LACP) packets.
lldp
(Optional) Specifies that the switch peer or tunnel Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP)
packets.
pagp
(Optional) Specifies that the switch peer or tunnel Port Aggregation Protocol (PAgP)
packets.
stp
(Optional) Specifies that the switch peer or tunnel Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) packets.
udld
(Optional) Specifies that the switch peer or tunnel UniDirectional Link Detection
(UDLD) packets.
vtp
(Optional) Specifies that the switch tunnel VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP) packets. This
keyword is not supported with the peer keyword.
Defaults
The service instance does not tunnel or peer Layer 2 control packets.
Command Modes
Service-instance configuration mode.
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can enter a keyword to identify a Layer 2 control protocol. If you do not enter a protocol, all Layer 2
control protocols are peered or tunneled.
Although you can configure DTP and VTP peering, this has no effect because the switch does not
support these protocols.
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l2protocol
Examples
This example shows how to configure the service instance to peer CDP with a neighbor service instance:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# switchport mode trunk
Switch(config-if)# switchport trunk allowed vlan none
Switch(config-if)# service instance 1 Ethernet
Switch(config-if-srv)# encapsulation untagged
Switch(config-if-srv)# l2protocol peer cdp
Switch(config-if-srv)# bridge-domain 1
Switch(config-if-srv)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
service instance
Creates a service instance on an interface.
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l2 vfi
l2 vfi
To create a virtual forwarding infrastructure (VFI) and to enter manual VFI configuration mode, use the
l2 vfi command in global configuration mode. A VFI is a logical switching entity used to implement
hierarchical virtual private LAN service (H-VPLS) over a multiprotocol label switching (MPLS)
backbone. All interfaces attached to the VFI can participate in the switching. To delete the VFI, use the
no form of this command.
l2 vfi vfi-name manual
no l2 vfi vfi-name
Syntax Description
vfi-name
Name assigned to the VFI.
manual
Specifies VFI manual configuration mode.
Defaults
No VFIs are created.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Entering the l2 vfi vfi-name manual command enables the VFI configuration mode. These configuration
commands are available:
•
default: sets the command to the default states.
•
exit: exits VFI configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.
•
no: negates a command or set its defaults.
•
vpn id vpn-number: specifies the virtual private network (VPN) ID of the VPLS configured by the
VFI. For more information, see the vpn id command.
When you enter a vpn id vpn-number, these additional VFI configuration commands are available:
•
neighbor remote-peer-IP-address encapsulation mpls: configures the IP address of the remote
peer, which is to become a member of the VPLS configured by the VFI, and sets the MPLS
encapsulation type.
•
shutdown: shuts down the VFI interface.
The switch supports only one connection per VFI, so you can configure only one neighbor in a VFI. To
complete the connection, you attach a VLAN or Ethernet interface to the VFI by using the xconnect
interface configuration command. The switch supports multiple Ethernet interfaces or a single VLAN in
a VFI. It does not support switching a VLAN and physical interfaces through the same VFI.
The switch supports a total of 26 VRFs and VPNs.
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l2 vfi
Note
Examples
For more information about MPLS and VPLS, see the software configuration guide for this release.
This example shows how to configure a VLAN-based VPLS (VFI abc) between provider edge (PE)
switch PE1’s VLAN 3 interface and switch PE2’s VLAN 4 interface. PE1 has IP address 10.0.0.1/32,
and PE2 has IP address 20.0.01l/32.
Enter these commands on the PE1 switch:
Switch(config)# l2 vfi abc manual
Switch(config-vfi)# vpn id 123
Switch(config-vfi)# neighbor 20.0.0.1 encapsulation mpls
Switch(config-vfi)# exit
Switch(config)# interface vlan 3
Switch(config-if)# xconnect vfi abc
Enter these commands on the PE2 switch:
Switch(config)# l2 vfi abc manual
Switch(config-vfi)# vpn id 123
Switch(config-vfi)# neighbor 10.0.0.1 encapsulation mpls
Switch(config-vfi)# exit
Switch(config)# interface vlan 4
Switch(config-if)# xconnect vfi abc
Related Commands
Command
Description
debug vfi
Displays VFI error or event debug messages.
show vfi
Displays detailed information about a VFI, including VFI
parameters.
vpn id
Configures a VPN for the VFI VPLS.
xconnect
Attaches an interface to a VFI.
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lacp port-priority
lacp port-priority
To configure the port priority for the Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP), use the lacp
port-priority command in interface configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the no form
of this command.
lacp port-priority priority
no lacp port-priority
Syntax Description
priority
Defaults
The default is 32768.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Port priority for LACP. The range is 1 to 65535.
The lacp port-priority interface configuration command determines which ports are bundled and which
ports are put in hot-standby mode when there are more than eight ports in an LACP channel group. This
command takes effect only on EtherChannel ports that are already configured for LACP. If the interface
is a user network interface (UNI), you must use the port-type nni or port-type eni interface
configuration command to change the interface to an NNI or ENI before configuring lacp port-priority.
In priority comparisons, numerically lower values have higher priority. The switch uses the priority to
decide which ports should be put in standby mode when there is a hardware limitation that prevents all
compatible ports from being active. If two or more ports have the same LACP port priority (for example,
they are configured with the default setting of 65535), an internal value for the port number determines
the priority.
Note
The LACP port priorities are only effective if the ports are on the switch that controls the LACP link.
See the lacp system-priority global configuration command for information about determining which
switch controls the link.
Use the show lacp internal privileged EXEC command to display LACP port priorities and internal port
number values.
For information about configuring LACP on physical ports, see the “Configuring EtherChannels”
chapter in the software configuration guide for this release.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show lacp [channel-group-number] internal privileged
EXEC command.
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lacp port-priority
Examples
This example shows how to configure the LACP port priority on a port:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# lacp port-priority 1000
Related Commands
Command
Description
channel-group
Assigns an Ethernet port to an EtherChannel group.
lacp system-priority
Configures the LACP system priority.
show lacp [channel-group-number]
internal
Displays internal information for all channel groups or for
the specified channel group.
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lacp system-priority
lacp system-priority
To configure the system priority for the Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP), use the lacp
system-priority command in global configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the no form
of this command.
lacp system-priority priority
no lacp system-priority
Syntax Description
priority
Defaults
The default is 32768.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
System priority for LACP. The range is 1 to 65535.
The lacp system-priority command determines which switch in an LACP link controls port priorities.
Although this is a global configuration command, the priority only takes effect on EtherChannels that
have physical ports that are already configured for LACP.
An LACP channel group can have up to 16 Ethernet ports of the same type. Up to eight ports can be
active, and up to eight ports can be in standby mode. When there are more than eight ports in an LACP
channel group, the switch on the controlling end of the link uses port priorities to determine which ports
are bundled into the channel and which ports are put in hot-standby mode. Port priorities on the other
switch (the noncontrolling end of the link) are ignored.
In priority comparisons, numerically lower values have higher priority. Therefore, the switch with the
numerically lower system value (higher priority value) for LACP system priority becomes the
controlling switch. If both switches have the same LACP system priority (for example, they are both
configured with the default setting of 32768), the LACP system ID (the switch MAC address) determines
which switch is in control.
The lacp system-priority command applies to all LACP EtherChannels on the switch.
Use the show etherchannel summary privileged EXEC command to see which ports are in the
hot-standby mode (denoted with an H port-state flag).
For more information about configuring LACP on physical ports, see the “Configuring EtherChannels”
chapter in the software configuration guide for this release.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show lacp sys-id privileged EXEC command.
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lacp system-priority
Examples
This example shows how to set the LACP system priority:
Switch(config)# lacp system-priority 20000
Related Commands
Command
Description
channel-group
Assigns an Ethernet port to an EtherChannel group.
lacp port-priority
Configures the LACP port priority.
show lacp sys-id
Displays the system identifier that is being used by LACP.
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location (global configuration)
location (global configuration)
To configure location information for a Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) endpoint, use the
location command in global configuration mode. To remove the location information, use the no form
of this command.
location {admin-tag string | civic-location identifier id | elin-location string identifier id}
no location {admin-tag string | civic-location identifier id | elin-location string identifier id}
Syntax Description
admin-tag
Configures administrative tag or site information.
civic-location
Configures civic location information.
elin-location
Configures emergency location information (ELIN).
identifier id
Specifies the ID for the civic location or the elin location. The ID range
is 1 to 4095.
Note
string
The identifier for the civic location in the LLDP-MED TLV is
limited to 250 bytes or less. To avoid error messages about
available buffer space during switch configuration, be sure that
the total length of all civic-location information specified for
each civic-location identifier does not exceed 250 bytes.
Specifies the site or location information in alphanumeric format.
Defaults
This command has no default setting.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
After entering the location civic-location identifier id global configuration command, you enter civic
location configuration mode. In this mode, you can enter the civic location and the postal location
information.
The civic-location identifier must not exceed 250 bytes.
Use the no lldp med-tlv-select location information interface configuration command to disable the
location TLV. The location TLV is enabled by default. For more information, see the “Configuring LLDP
and LLDP-MED” chapter of the software configuration guide for this release.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show location elin privileged EXEC command.
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location (global configuration)
Examples
This example shows how to configure civic location information on the switch:
Switch(config)# location civic-location identifier 1
Switch(config-civic)# number 3550
Switch(config-civic)# primary-road-name "Cisco Way"
Switch(config-civic)# city "San Jose"
Switch(config-civic)# state CA
Switch(config-civic)# building 19
Switch(config-civic)# room C6
Switch(config-civic)# county "Santa Clara"
Switch(config-civic)# country US
Switch(config-civic)# end
This example shows how to configure the emergency location information location on the switch:
Switch (config)# location elin-location 14085553881 identifier 1
Related Commands
Command
Description
location (interface configuration)
Configures the location information for an interface.
show location
Displays the location information for an endpoint.
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location (interface configuration)
location (interface configuration)
To enter Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) location information for an interface, use the location
interface command in interface configuration mode. To remove the interface location information, use
the no form of this command.
location {additional-location-information word | civic-location-id id | elin-location-id id}
no location {additional-location-information word | civic-location-id id | elin-location-id id}
Syntax Description
additional-location-information
Configures additional information for a location or place.
word
Specifies
civic-location-id
Configures global civic location information for an interface.
elin-location-id
Configures emergency location information for an interface.
id
Specifies the ID for the civic location or the elin location. The
ID range is 1 to 4095.
Note
The identifier for the civic location in the LLDP-MED
TLV is limited to 250 bytes or less. To avoid error
messages about available buffer space during switch
configuration, be sure that the total length of all
civic-location information specified for each
civic-location identifier does not exceed 250 bytes.
Defaults
This command has no default setting.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
After entering the location civic-location-id id interface configuration command, you enter civic
location configuration mode. In this mode, you can enter the additional location information.
The civic-location identifier must not exceed 250 bytes.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show location elin interface privileged EXEC
command.
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location (interface configuration)
Examples
These examples show how to enter civic location information for an interface:
Switch(config-if)# int g1/0/1
Switch(config-if)# location civic-location-id 1
Switch(config-if)# end
Switch(config-if)# int g2/0/1
Switch(config-if)# location civic-location-id 1
Switch(config-if)# end
This example shows how to enter emergency location information for an interface:
Switch(config)# int g2/0/2
Switch(config-if)# location elin-location-id 1
Switch(config-if)# end
Related Commands
Command
Description
location (global configuration)
Configures the location information for an endpoint.
show location
Displays the location information for an endpoint.
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logging event
logging event
To enable notification of interface link status changes, use the logging event command in interface
configuration mode. To disable notification, use the no form of this command.
logging event {bundle-status | link-status | spanning-tree | status | trunk status}
no logging event {bundle-status | link-status | spanning-tree | status | trunk status}
Syntax Description
bundle-status
Enables notification of BUNDLE and UNBUNDLE messages.
link-status
Enables notification of interface data link status changes.
spanning-tree
Enables notification of spanning-tree events.
status
Enables notification of spanning-tree state change messages.
trunk-status
Enables notification of trunk-status messages.
Defaults
Event logging is disabled.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Examples
This example shows how to enable spanning-tree logging:
Switch(config-if)# logging event spanning-tree
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logging file
logging file
To set logging file parameters, use the logging file command in global configuration mode. To return to
the default setting, use the no form of this command.
logging file filesystem:filename [max-file-size [min-file-size]] [severity-level-number | type]
no logging file filesystem:filename [severity-level-number | type]
Syntax Description
filesystem:filename
Alias for a flash file system. Contains the path and name of the file that
contains the log messages.
The syntax for the local flash file system:
flash:
Defaults
max-file-size
(Optional) Specifies the maximum logging file size. The range is 4096 to
2147483647.
min-file-size
(Optional) Specifies the minimum logging file size. The range is 1024 to
2147483647.
severity-level-number
(Optional) Specifies the logging severity level. The range is 0 to 7. See the
type option for the meaning of each level.
type
(Optional) Specifies the logging type. These keywords are valid:
•
emergencies—System is unusable (severity 0).
•
alerts—Immediate action needed (severity 1).
•
critical—Critical conditions (severity 2).
•
errors—Error conditions (severity 3).
•
warnings—Warning conditions (severity 4).
•
notifications—Normal but significant messages (severity 5).
•
information—Information messages (severity 6).
•
debugging—Debugging messages (severity 7).
The minimum file size is 2048 bytes; the maximum file size is 4096 bytes.
The default severity level is 7 (debugging messages and numerically lower levels).
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
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logging file
Usage Guidelines
The log file is stored in ASCII text format in an internal buffer on the switch. You can access logged
system messages by using the switch command-line interface (CLI) or by saving them to a properly
configured syslog server. If the switch fails, the log is lost unless you had previously saved it to flash
memory by using the logging file flash:filename global configuration command.
After saving the log to flash memory by using the logging file flash:filename global configuration
command, you can use the more flash:filename privileged EXEC command to display its contents.
The command rejects the minimum file size if it is greater than the maximum file size minus 1024; the
minimum file size then becomes the maximum file size minus 1024.
Specifying a level causes messages at that level and numerically lower levels to be displayed.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show running-config privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to save informational log messages to a file in flash memory:
Switch(config)# logging file flash:logfile informational
Related Commands
Command
Description
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
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mac access-group
mac access-group
To apply a MAC access control list (ACL) to a Layer 2 interface, use the mac access-group command
in interface configuration mode. To remove all MAC ACLs or the specified MAC ACL from the
interface, use the no form of this command. You create the MAC ACL by using the mac access-list
extended global configuration command.
mac access-group {name} in
no mac access-group {name}
Note
Syntax Description
You cannot attach an ACL to a Layer 2 port that has an Ethernet flow point (EFP) service instance
configured on it. The mac access-group command is rejected on these ports.
name
Specifies a named MAC access list.
in
Specifies that the ACL is applied in the ingress direction. Outbound ACLs are not
supported on Layer 2 interfaces.
Defaults
No MAC ACL is applied to the interface.
Command Modes
Interface configuration (Layer 2 interfaces only)
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can apply MAC ACLs only to ingress Layer 2 interfaces. You cannot apply MAC ACLs to Layer 3
interfaces or to Layer 2 interfaces that have service instances configured on them.
On Layer 2 interfaces, you can filter IP traffic by using IP access lists and non-IP traffic by using MAC
access lists. You can filter both IP and non-IP traffic on the same Layer 2 interface by applying both an
IP ACL and a MAC ACL to the interface. You can apply no more than one IP access list and one MAC
access list to the same Layer 2 interface.
If a MAC ACL is already configured on a Layer 2 interface and you apply a new MAC ACL to the
interface, the new ACL replaces the previously configured one.
If you apply an ACL to a Layer 2 interface on a switch, and the switch has an input Layer 3 ACL or a
VLAN map applied to a VLAN that the interface is a member of, the ACL applied to the Layer 2
interface takes precedence.
When an inbound packet is received on an interface with a MAC ACL applied, the switch checks the
match conditions in the ACL. If the conditions are matched, the switch forwards or drops the packet,
according to the ACL.
If the specified ACL does not exist, the switch forwards all packets.
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mac access-group
You can verify MAC ACL configuration by entering the show mac access-group privileged EXEC
command. You can see configured ACLs on the switch by entering the show access-lists privileged
EXEC command.
Note
Examples
For more information about configuring MAC extended ACLs, see the “Configuring Network Security
with ACLs” chapter in the software configuration guide for this release.
This example shows how to apply a MAC extended ACL named macacl2 to an interface:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# mac access-group macacl2 in
Related Commands
Command
Description
show access-lists
Displays the ACLs configured on the switch.
show mac access-group
Displays the MAC ACLs configured on the switch.
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
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mac access-list extended
mac access-list extended
To create an access list based on MAC addresses for non-IP traffic, use the mac access-list extended
command in global configuration mode. Using this command puts you in the extended MAC access-list
configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
Note
You cannot apply named MAC extended ACLs to Layer 3 interfaces or to Layer 2 interfaces with service
instances configured.
mac access-list extended name
no mac access-list extended name
Syntax Description
name
Defaults
By default, there are no MAC access lists created.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Assigns a name to the MAC extended access list.
MAC named extended lists are used with VLAN maps and class maps.
You can apply named MAC extended ACLs to VLAN maps or to Layer 2 interfaces, except Layer 2
interfaces that have service instances configured on them.
You cannot apply named MAC extended ACLs to Layer 3 interfaces.
Entering the mac access-list extended command enables the MAC access-list configuration mode.
These configuration commands are available:
•
default: sets a command to its default.
•
deny: specifies packets to reject. For more information, see the deny (MAC access-list
configuration) MAC access-list configuration command.
•
exit: exits from MAC access-list configuration mode.
•
no: negates a command or sets its defaults.
•
permit: specifies packets to forward. For more information, see the permit (MAC access-list
configuration) command.
You can verify MAC ACL configuration by entering the show access-lists privileged EXEC command.
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mac access-list extended
Note
Examples
For more information about MAC extended access lists, see the software configuration guide for this
release.
This example shows how to create a MAC named extended access list named mac1 and to enter extended
MAC access-list configuration mode:
Switch(config)# mac access-list extended mac1
Switch(config-ext-macl)#
This example shows how to delete MAC named extended access list mac1:
Switch(config)# no mac access-list extended mac1
Related Commands
Command
Description
deny (MAC access-list
configuration)
Configures the MAC ACL (in extended MAC-access list configuration
mode).
permit (MAC access-list
configuration)
show access-lists
Displays the access lists configured on the switch.
vlan access-map
Defines a VLAN map and enters access-map configuration mode where
you can specify a MAC ACL to match and the action to be taken.
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mac address-table aging-time
mac address-table aging-time
To set the length of time that a dynamic entry remains in the MAC address table after the entry is used
or updated, use the mac address-table aging-time command in global configuration mode. To return to
the default setting, use the no form of this command. The aging time applies to all VLANs or a specified
VLAN.
mac address-table aging-time {0 | 10-1000000}[bridge-domain domain-id | routed-mac | vlan
vlan-id]
no mac address-table aging-time {0 | 10-1000000} [bridge-domain vlan-id | routed-mac | vlan
vlan-id]
Syntax DescriptionI
0
This value disables aging. Static address entries are never aged or removed from
the table.
10-1000000
Aging time in seconds. The range is 10 to 1000000 seconds.
bridge-domain
domain-id
(Optional) Specifies a bridge domain to which to apply the aging time. The bridge
domain ID range is from 1 to 8000.
routed-mac
(Optional) Specifies applying the aging time to routed MAC addresses.
vlan vlan-id
(Optional) Specifies the VLAN ID to which to apply the aging time. The range is
1 to 4094.
Defaults
The default is 300 seconds.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
If hosts do not send continuously, increase the aging time to record the dynamic entries for a longer time.
Increasing the time can reduce the possibility of flooding when the hosts send again.
If you do not specify a specific VLAN, this command sets the aging time for all VLANs and bridge
domains.
You can verify your setting by entering the show mac address-table aging-time privileged EXEC
command.
Examples
This example shows how to set the aging time to 200 seconds for all VLANs and bridge domains:
Switch(config)# mac address-table aging-time 200
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mac address-table aging-time
Related Commands
Command
Description
show mac address-table aging-time
Displays the MAC address table aging time for all VLANs
or the specified VLAN.
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mac address-table learning
mac address-table learning
To enable MAC address learning on a VLAN or bridge domain, use the mac address-table learning
command in global configuration mode. This is the default state. To disable MAC address learning to
control which VLANs or bridge domains can learn MAC addresses, use the no form of this command.
mac address-table learning {vlan vlan-id | bridge-domain domain-id}
no mac address-table learning {vlan vlan-id | bridge-domain domain-id}
Syntax Description
bridge-domain
domain-id
Specifies MAC address learning per bridge domain. The bridge domain ID
range is from 1 to 8000.
vlan vlan-id
Specifies MAC address learning per VLAN. Valid VLAN IDs are 1 to 4094.
Defaults
By default, MAC address learning is enabled on all VLANs and bridge domains.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Customers in a service provider network can tunnel a large number of MAC addresses through the
network and fill the available MAC address table space. When you control MAC address learning on a
VLAN or bridge domain, you can manage the available MAC address table space by controlling which
VLANs or bridge domains, and therefore which ports, can learn MAC addresses.
You can disable MAC address learning on a VLAN or bridge domain by entering the no mac
address-table learning {vlan vlan-id | bridge-domain domain-id} command.
Before you disable MAC address learning, be sure that you are familiar with the network topology and
the switch system configuration. Disabling MAC address learning could cause flooding in the network.
For example, if you disable MAC address learning on a VLAN with a configured switch virtual interface
(SVI), the switch floods all IP packets in the Layer 2 domain. If you disable MAC address learning on a
VLAN that includes more than two ports, every packet entering the switch is flooded in that VLAN
domain. We recommend that you disable MAC address learning only in VLANs that contain two ports
and that you use caution before disabling MAC address learning on a VLAN with an SVI.
To display MAC address learning status or all VLANs and bridge domains, enter the show
mac-address-table learning command. To display for a specific VLAN or bridge domain, enter the
show mac address-table learning [bridge-domain number] [vlan vlan-id] command.
Examples
This example shows how to disable MAC address learning on VLAN 2003:
Switch(config)# no mac address-table learning vlan 2003
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mac address-table learning
Related Commands
Command
Description
show mac address-table learning
Displays the MAC address learning status on all VLANs or
on the specified VLAN.
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mac address-table move update
mac address-table move update
To enable the MAC address-table move update feature, use the mac address-table move update
command in global configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the no form of this
command.
mac address-table move update {receive | transmit}
no mac address-table move update {receive | transmit}
Syntax Description
receive
Specifies that the switch processes MAC address-table move update
messages.
transmit
Specifies that the switch sends MAC address-table move update messages to
other switches in the network if the primary link goes down and the standby
link comes up.
Command Modes
Global configuration.
Defaults
By default, the MAC address-table move update feature is disabled.
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The MAC address-table move update feature allows the switch to provide rapid bidirectional
convergence if a primary (forwarding) link goes down and the standby link begins forwarding traffic.
You can configure the access switch to send the MAC address-table move update messages if the primary
link goes down and the standby link comes up. You can configure the uplink switches to receive and
process the MAC address-table move update messages.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show mac address-table move update privileged
EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure an access switch to send MAC address-table move update
messages:
Switch# configure terminal
Switch(conf)# mac address-table move update transmit
Switch(conf)# end
This example shows how to configure an uplink switch to get and process MAC address-table move
update messages:
Switch# configure terminal
Switch(conf)# mac address-table move update receive
Switch(conf)# end
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mac address-table move update
Related Commands
Command
Description
clear mac address-table move
update
Clears the MAC address-table move update global counters.
debug matm move
Debugs the MAC address-table move update message
processing.
show mac address-table move
update
Displays the MAC address-table move update information on
the switch.
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mac address-table notification
mac address-table notification
To enable the MAC address notification feature on the switch, use the mac address-table notification
command in global configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the no form of this
command.
mac address-table notification {change [history-size value | interval value] | mac-move |
threshold [[limit percentage] interval time]}
no mac address-table notification {change [history-size value | interval value] | mac-move |
threshold [[limit percentage] interval time]}
Syntax Description
Defaults
change
Enables or disables the MAC notification on the switch.
history-size value
(Optional) Configures the maximum number of entries in the MAC
notification history table. The range is 1 to 500 entries. The default is 1.
interval value
(Optional) Sets the notification trap interval. The switch sends the
notification traps when this amount of time has elapsed. The range is 0 to
2147483647 seconds. The default is 1 second.
mac-move
Enables MAC move notification.
threshold
Enable MACs threshold notification.
limit percentage
(Optional) Enters the MAC utilization threshold percentage. The range is 1
to 100 percent. The default is 50 percent.
interval time
(Optional) Enters the time between MAC threshold notifications. The range
is 120 to 1000000 seconds. The default is 120 seconds.
By default, the MAC address notification, MAC move, and MAC threshold monitoring are disabled.
The default MAC change trap interval is 1 second.
The default number of entries in the history table is 1.
The default MAC utilization threshold is 50 percent.
The default time between MAC threshold notifications is 120 seconds.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The MAC address notification change feature sends Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
traps to the network management system (NMS) whenever a new MAC address is added or an old
address is deleted from the forwarding tables. MAC change notifications are generated only for dynamic
and secure MAC addresses and are not generated for self addresses, multicast addresses, or other static
addresses.
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mac address-table notification
When you configure the history-size option, the existing MAC address history table is deleted, and a
new table is created.
You enable the MAC address notification change feature by using the mac address-table notification
change command. You must also enable MAC address notification traps on an interface by using the
snmp trap mac-notification change interface configuration command and configure the switch to send
MAC address traps to the NMS by using the snmp-server enable traps mac-notification change global
configuration command.
You can also enable traps whenever a MAC address is moved from one port to another in the same VLAN
by entering the mac address-table notification mac-move command and the snmp-server enable
traps mac-notification move global configuration command.
To generate traps whenever the MAC address table threshold limit is reached or exceeded, enter the mac
address-table notification threshold [limit percentage] | [interval time] command and the snmp-server
enable traps mac-notification threshold global configuration command.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show mac address-table notification privileged EXEC
command.
Examples
This example shows how to enable the MAC address-table change notification feature, set the interval
time to 60 seconds, and set the history-size to 100 entries:
Switch(config)# mac address-table notification change
Switch(config)# mac address-table notification change interval 60
Switch(config)# mac address-table notification change history-size 100
Related Commands
Command
Description
clear mac address-table notification
Clears the MAC address notification global counters.
show mac address-table notification
Displays the MAC address notification settings on all
interfaces or on the specified interface.
snmp-server enable traps
Sends the SNMP MAC notification traps when the
mac-notification keyword is appended.
snmp trap mac-notification change
Enables the SNMP MAC notification trap on a specific
interface.
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mac address-table static
mac address-table static
To add static addresses to the MAC address table or to enable unicast MAC address filtering, use the mac
address-table static command in global configuration mode. To remove static entries from the table or
return to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
mac address-table static mac-addr vlan vlan-id {drop | interface interface-id}
no mac address-table static mac-addr vlan vlan-id [drop | interface interface-id]
Syntax Description
Defaults
mac-addr
Destination MAC address (unicast or multicast) to add to the address
table. Packets with this destination address received in the specified
VLAN are forwarded to the specified interface.
vlan vlan-id
Specifies the VLAN for which the packet with the specified MAC
address is received. The range is 1 to 4094.
drop
Configures the switch to drop traffic with a specific source or destination
MAC address.
interface interface-id
Interface to which the received packet is forwarded. Valid interfaces
include physical ports and port channels.
No static addresses are configured.
Unicast MAC address filtering is disabled. The switch does not drop traffic for specific source or
destination MAC addresses.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(452)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Follow these guidelines when using the drop keyword to configure MAC address filtering:
•
Multicast MAC addresses, broadcast MAC addresses, and router MAC addresses are not supported.
Packets that are forwarded to the CPU are also not supported.
•
If you add a unicast MAC address as a static address and configure unicast MAC address filtering,
the switch either adds the MAC address as a static address or drops packets with that MAC address,
depending on which command was entered last. The second command that you entered overrides the
first command.
For example, if you enter the mac address-table static mac-addr vlan vlan-id interface
interface-id global configuration command followed by the mac address-table static mac-addr
vlan vlan-id drop command, the switch drops packets with the specified MAC address as a source
or destination.
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mac address-table static
If you enter the mac address-table static mac-addr vlan vlan-id drop global configuration
command followed by the mac address-table static mac-addr vlan vlan-id interface interface-id
command, the switch adds the MAC address as a static address.
You can verify your setting by entering the show mac address-table or show mac address-table static
privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to enable unicast MAC address filtering and to configure the switch to drop
packets that have a source or destination address of c2f3.220a.12f4. When a packet is received in
VLAN 4 with this MAC address as its source or destination, the packet is dropped:
Switch(config)# mac address-table static c2f3.220a.12f4 vlan 4 drop
This example shows how to disable unicast MAC address filtering:
Switch(config)# no mac address-table static c2f3.220a.12f4 vlan 4
This example shows how to add the static address c2f3.220a.12f4 to the MAC address table. When a
packet is received in VLAN 4 with this MAC address as its destination, the packet is forwarded to the
specified interface:
Switch(config)# mac address-table static c2f3.220a.12f4 vlan 4 interface
gigabitethernet0/1
Related Commands
Command
Description
show mac address-table static
Displays static MAC address table entries only.
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macro apply
macro apply
To apply a macro to an interface or to apply and trace a macro configuration on an interface, use the
macro apply or macro trace command in interface configuration command.
macro {apply | trace} macro-name [parameter value] [parameter value] [parameter value]
Note
Syntax Description
There is not a no form of this command.
apply
Applies a macro to the specified interface.
trace
Uses the trace keyword to apply a macro to an interface and to debug the macro.
macro-name
Specifies the name of the macro.
parameter value
(Optional) Specifies unique parameter values that are specific to the interface. You
can enter up to three keyword-value pairs. Parameter keyword matching is case
sensitive. All matching occurrences of the keyword are replaced with the
corresponding value.
Defaults
This command has no default setting.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can use the macro trace macro-name interface configuration command to apply and show the
macros running on an interface or to debug the macro to find any syntax or configuration errors.
If a command fails because of a syntax error or a configuration error when you apply a macro, the macro
continues to apply the remaining commands to the interface.
When creating a macro that requires the assignment of unique values, use the parameter value keywords
to designate values specific to the interface.
Keyword matching is case sensitive. All matching occurrences of the keyword are replaced with the
corresponding value. Any full match of a keyword, even if it is part of a larger string, is considered a
match and is replaced by the corresponding value.
Some macros might contain keywords that require a parameter value. You can use the macro apply
macro-name ? command to display a list of any required values in the macro. If you apply a macro
without entering the keyword values, the commands are invalid and are not applied.
When you apply a macro to an interface, the macro name is automatically added to the interface. You
can display the applied commands and macro names by using the show running-configuration
interface interface-id user EXEC command.
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macro apply
A macro applied to an interface range behaves the same way as a macro applied to a single interface.
When you use an interface range, the macro is applied sequentially to each interface within the range. If
a macro command fails on one interface, it is still applied to the remaining interfaces.
You can delete a macro-applied configuration on an interface by entering the default interface
interface-id interface configuration command.
Examples
After you have created a macro by using the macro name global configuration command, you can apply
it to an interface. This example shows how to apply a user-created macro called duplex to an interface:
Switch(config-if)# macro apply duplex
To debug a macro, use the macro trace interface configuration command to find any syntax or
configuration errors in the macro as it is applied to an interface. This example shows how troubleshoot
the user-created macro called duplex on an interface:
Switch(config-if)# macro trace duplex
Applying command...‘duplex auto’
%Error Unknown error.
Applying command...‘speed nonegotiate’
Related Commands
Command
Description
macro description
Adds a description about the macros that are applied to an interface.
macro global
Applies a macro on a switch or applies and traces a macro on a switch.
macro global description
Adds a description about the macros that are applied to the switch.
show parser macro
Displays the macro definition for all macros or for the specified macro.
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macro description
macro description
To enter a description about which macros are applied to an interface, use the macro description
command in interface configuration mode. To remove the description, use the no form of this command.
macro description text
no macro description text
Syntax Description
description text
Defaults
This command has no default setting.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Enters a description about the macros that are applied to the specified interface.
Use the description keyword to associate comment text, or the macro name, with an interface. When
multiple macros are applied on a single interface, the description text will be from the last applied macro.
This example shows how to add a description to an interface:
Switch(config-if)# macro description duplex settings
You can verify your settings by entering the show parser macro description privileged EXEC
command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
macro apply
Applies a macro on an interface or applies and traces a macro on an
interface.
macro global
Applies a macro on a switch or applies and traces a macro on a switch
macro global description
Adds a description about the macros that are applied to the switch.
show parser macro
Displays the macro definition for all macros or for the specified
macro.
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macro global
macro global
To apply a macro to a switch or to apply and trace a macro configuration on a switch, use the macro
global command in global configuration mode.
macro global {apply | trace} macro-namemacro-name [parameter value] [parameter value]
[parameter value]
Syntax Description
apply
Applies a macro to the switch.
trace
Applies a macro to a switch and to debug the macro.
macro-name
Specifies the name of the macro.
parameter value
(Optional) Specifies unique parameter values that are specific to the switch. You
can enter up to three keyword-value pairs. Parameter keyword matching is case
sensitive. All matching occurrences of the keyword are replaced with the
corresponding value.
Defaults
This command has no default setting.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can use the macro trace macro-name global configuration command to apply and to show the
macros running on a switch or to debug the macro to find any syntax or configuration errors.
If a command fails because of a syntax error or a configuration error when you apply a macro, the macro
continues to apply the remaining commands to the switch.
When creating a macro that requires the assignment of unique values, use the parameter value keywords
to designate values specific to the switch.
Keyword matching is case sensitive. All matching occurrences of the keyword are replaced with the
corresponding value. Any full match of a keyword, even if it is part of a larger string, is considered a
match and is replaced by the corresponding value.
Some macros might contain keywords that require a parameter value. You can use the macro global
apply macro-name ? command to display a list of any required values in the macro. If you apply a macro
without entering the keyword values, the commands are invalid and are not applied.
When you apply a macro to a switch, the macro name is automatically added to the switch. You can
display the applied commands and macro names by using the show running-configuration user EXEC
command.
You can delete a global macro-applied configuration on a switch only by entering the no version of each
command contained in the macro.
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macro global
Examples
After you have created a new macro by using the macro name global configuration command, you can
apply it to a switch. This example shows how see the snmp macro and how to apply the macro and set
the hostname to test-server and set the IP precedence value to 7:
Switch# show parser macro name snmp
Macro name : snmp
Macro type : customizable
#enable port security, linkup, and linkdown traps
snmp-server enable traps port-security
snmp-server enable traps linkup
snmp-server enable traps linkdown
#set snmp-server host
snmp-server host ADDRESS
#set SNMP trap notifications precedence
snmp-server ip precedence VALUE
-------------------------------------------------Switch(config)# macro global apply snmp ADDRESS test-server VALUE 7
To debug a macro, use the macro global trace global configuration command to find any syntax or
configuration errors in the macro when it is applied to a switch. In this example, the ADDRESS parameter
value was not entered, causing the snmp-server host command to fail while the remainder of the macro
is applied to the switch:
Switch(config)# macro global trace snmp VALUE 7
Applying command...‘snmp-server enable traps port-security’
Applying command...‘snmp-server enable traps linkup’
Applying command...‘snmp-server enable traps linkdown’
Applying command...‘snmp-server host’
%Error Unknown error.
Applying command...‘snmp-server ip precedence 7’
Related Commands
Command
Description
macro apply
Applies a macro on an interface or applies and traces a macro on an
interface.
macro description
Adds a description about the macros that are applied to an interface.
macro global description
Adds a description about the macros that are applied to the switch.
show parser macro
Displays the macro definition for all macros or for the specified
macro.
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macro global description
macro global description
To enter a description about the macros that are applied to the switch, use the macro global description
in global configuration mode. To remove the description, use the no form of this command
macro global description text
no macro global description text
Syntax Description
description text
Defaults
This command has no default setting.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
A description of the macros that are applied to the switch.
Use the description keyword to associate comment text, or the macro name, with a switch. When
multiple macros are applied on a switch, the description text will be from the last applied macro.
This example shows how to add a description to a switch:
Switch(config)# macro global description udld aggressive mode enabled
You can verify your settings by entering the show parser macro description privileged EXEC
command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
macro apply
Applies a macro on an interface or applies and traces a macro on an
interface.
macro description
Adds a description about the macros that are applied to an interface.
macro global
Applies a macro on a switch or applies and traces a macro on a switch.
show parser macro
Displays the macro definition for all macros or for the specified macro.
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match (access-map configuration)
match (access-map configuration)
To match packets against one or more access lists, use the match command in access-map configuration
command mode to set the VLAN map. To remove the match parameters, use the no form of this
command.
match {ip address {name | number} [name | number] [name | number]...} | {mac address {name}
[name] [name]...}
no match {ip address {name | number} [name | number] [name | number]...} | {mac address
{name} [name] [name]...}
Syntax Description
ip address
Sets the access map to match packets against an IP address access list.
mac address
Sets the access map to match packets against a MAC address access list.
name
Name of the access list to match packets against.
number
Number of the access list to match packets against. This option is not valid for MAC
access lists.
Defaults
The default action is to have no match parameters applied to a VLAN map.
Command Modes
Access-map configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You enter access-map configuration mode by using the vlan access-map global configuration command.
You must enter one access list name or number; others are optional. You can match packets against one
or more access lists. Matching any of the lists counts as a match of the entry.
In access-map configuration mode, use the match command to define the match conditions for a VLAN
map applied to a VLAN. Use the action command to set the action that occurs when the packet matches
the conditions.
Packets are matched only against access lists of the same protocol type; IP packets are matched against
IP access lists, and all other packets are matched against MAC access lists.
Both IP and MAC addresses can be specified for the same map entry.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show vlan access-map privileged EXEC command.
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match (access-map configuration)
Examples
This example shows how to define and apply a VLAN access map vmap4 to VLANs 5 and 6 that will
cause the interface to drop an IP packet if the packet matches the conditions defined in access list al2.
Switch(config)# vlan access-map vmap4
Switch(config-access-map)# match ip address al2
Switch(config-access-map)# action drop
Switch(config-access-map)# exit
Switch(config)# vlan filter vmap4 vlan-list 5-6
Related Commands
Command
Description
access-list
Configures a standard numbered ACL. For syntax information, select
Cisco IOS IP Command Reference, Volume 1 of 3:Addressing and
Services, Release 12.2 > IP Services Commands.
action
Specifies the action to be taken if the packet matches an entry in an
access control list (ACL).
ip access list
Creates a named access list. For syntax information, select Cisco IOS
IP Command Reference, Volume 1 of 3:Addressing and Services,
Release 12.2 > IP Services Commands.
mac access-list extended
Creates a named MAC address access list.
show vlan access-map
Displays the VLAN access maps created on the switch.
vlan access-map
Creates a VLAN access map.
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match access-group
match access-group
To configure the match criteria for a class map on the basis of the specified access control list (ACL),
use the match access-group command in class-map configuration mode. To remove the ACL match
criteria, use the no form of this command.
match access-group acl-index-or-name
no match access-group acl-index-or-name
Syntax Description
acl-index-or-name
Defaults
No match criteria are defined.
Command Modes
Class-map configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Number or name of an IP standard or extended access control list (ACL) or
MAC ACL. The range is from 1 to 2799. For an IP standard ACL, the ACL
index range is 1 to 99 and 1300 to 1999. For an IP extended ACL, the ACL
index range is 100 to 199 and 2000 to 2699.
The match access-group command specifies a numbered or named ACL to use as the match criteria to
determine if packets belong to the class specified by the class map.
Before using the match access-group command, you must enter the class-map global configuration
command to specify the name of the class whose match criteria you want to establish.
You can use the match access-group classification only on input policy maps.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show class-map privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to create a class map called inclass, which uses the access control list acl1 as
the match criterion:
Switch(config)# class-map match-any inclass
Switch(config-cmap)# match access-group acl1
Switch(config-cmap)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
class-map
Creates a class map to be used for matching packets to the class whose name
you specify.
show class-map
Displays quality of service (QoS) class maps.
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match cos
match cos
To match a packet based on a Layer 2 class of service (CoS) marking, use the match cos command in
class-map configuration mode. You can match on the outer VLAN tag or the inner (customer) tag). to
remove the CoS match criteria, use the no form of this command.
match cos {cos-list | inner cos-list}
no match cos {cos-list | inner cos-list}
Syntax Description
cos cos-list
Matches a packet based on the outer VLAN tag or the service-provider CoS
value (S-CoS). You can specify up to four CoS values to match against
incoming packets. Separate each value with a space. The range is 0 to 7.
cos inner cos-list
Matches a packet based on the C-CoS, the inner (customer) CoS value of an
802.1Q tunnel. For packets with less than two tags, this command has no
effect. You can specify up to four CoS values to match against incoming
packets. Separate each value with a space. The range is 0 to 7.
Defaults
No match criteria are defined.
Command Modes
Class-map configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The match cos and match cos inner commands specify a CoS value to use as the match criteria to
determine if packets belong to the class specified by the class map.
Before using the match cos or match cos inner command, you must enter the class-map global
configuration command to specify the name of the class whose match criteria you want to establish.
Matching of CoS values is supported only on ports carrying Layer 2 VLAN-tagged traffic. That is, you
can use the cos classification only on IEEE 802.1Q trunk ports.
You can use match cos and match cos inner classification in input and output policy maps.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show class-map privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to create a class map called inclass, which matches all the incoming traffic with
CoS values of 1 and 4:
Switch(config)# class-map match-any in-class
Switch(config-cmap)# match cos 1 4
Switch(config-cmap)# exit
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match cos
Related Commands
Command
Description
class-map
Creates a class map to be used for matching packets to the class whose name
you specify.
show class-map
Displays quality of service (QoS) class maps.
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match discard-class
match discard-class
To configure the match criteria for a class map based on the drop precedence of a packet during
congestion management, use the match discard-class command in class-map configuration mode. To
remove the match criteria, use the no form of this command.
match discard-class value
no match discard-class value
Syntax Description
value
Defaults
No match criteria are defined.
Command Modes
Class-map configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Sets a drop precedence for a packet during congestion management. The
range is from 0 to 7. Matching discard is supported only in output policy
maps.
The match discard-class command specifies a drop value to use as the match criteria to determine if
packets belong to the class specified by the class map.
Before using the match discard-class command, you must enter the class-map global configuration
command to specify the name of the class whose match criteria you want to establish.
You can use the match discard-class classification only on output policy maps.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show class-map privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to create a class map called outclass, which uses a drop value of 5 as the match
criterion:
Switch(config)# class-map match-any outclass
Switch(config-cmap)# match discard-class 5
Switch(config-cmap)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
class-map
Creates a class map to be used for matching packets to the class whose name
you specify.
show class-map
Displays quality of service (QoS) class maps.
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match ip dscp
match ip dscp
To identify a specific IPv4 Differentiated Service Code Point (DSCP) value as match criteria for a class,
use the match ip dscp command inclass-map configuration mode. To remove the match criteria, use the
no form of this command.
match ip dscp dscp-list
no match ip dscp dscp-list
Syntax Description
ip-dscp-list
List of up to eight IPv4 DSCP values to match against incoming packets.
Separate each value with a space. The range is 0 to 63. You can also enter a
mnemonic name for a commonly used value and configure DSCP values in
other forms (af numbers, cs numbers, default, or ef).
See the “Configuring QoS” chapter in the software configuration guide for
this release for information about other options for specifying DSCP values.
Defaults
No match criteria are defined.
Command Modes
Class-map configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The match ip dscp command specifies a DSCP value to use as the match criteria to determine if packets
belong to the class specified by the class map.
This command is used by the class map to identify a specific DSCP value marking on a packet. In this
context, DSCP values are used as markings only and have no mathematical significance. For example,
the DSCP value of 2 is not greater than 1, but merely indicates that a packet marked with a value of 2 is
different than one marked with a value of 1. You define the treatment of these marked packets by setting
QoS policies in policy-map class configuration mode.
Before using the match ip dscp command, you must enter the class-map global configuration command
to specify the name of the class whose match criteria you want to establish.
You can enter up to eight DSCP values in one match statement. For example, if you wanted the DCSP
values of 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, or 7, enter the match ip dscp 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 command. The packet must
match only one (not all) of the specified IPv4 DSCP values to belong to the class.
You can use match ip dscp classification in input and output policy maps.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show class-map privileged EXEC command.
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Examples
This example shows how to create a class map called inclass, which matches all the incoming traffic with
DSCP values of 10, 11, and 12:
Switch(config)# class-map match-any in-class
Switch(config-cmap)# match ip dscp 10 11 12
Switch(config-cmap)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
class-map
Creates a class map to be used for matching packets to the class whose name
you specify.
show class-map
Displays quality of service (QoS) class maps.
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match ip precedence
match ip precedence
To identify IPv4 precedence values as match criteria for a class, use the match ip precedence command
in class-map configuration mode. To remove the match criteria, use the no form of this command.
match ip precedence ip-precedence-list
no match ip precedence ip-precedence-list
Syntax Description
ip precedence
ip-precedence-list
List of up to four IPv4 precedence values to match against incoming packets.
Separate each value with a space. The range is 0 to 7. You enter these
keywords for precedence:
•
0 to 7—Enter up to 4 precedence values separated by spaces.
•
critical—Match packets with critical precedence (5).
•
flash—Match packets with flash precedence (3).
•
flash-override—Match packets with flash override precedence (4).
•
immediate—Match packets with immediate precedence (2).
•
internet—Match packets with internetwork control precedence (6).
•
network—Match packets with network control precedence (7).
•
priority—Match packets with priority precedence (1).
•
routine—Match packets with routine precedence (0).
Defaults
No match criteria are defined.
Command Modes
Class-map configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The match ip precedence command specifies an IPv4 precedence value to use as the match criteria to
determine if packets belong to the class specified by the class map.
The precedence values are used as marking only. In this context, the IP precedence values have no
mathematical significance. For example, the precedence value of 2 is not greater than 1, but merely
indicates that a packet marked with a value of 2 is different than one marked with a value of 1. You define
the treatment of these marked packets by setting QoS policies in policy-map class configuration mode.
Before using the match ip precedence command, you must enter the class-map global configuration
command to specify the name of the class whose match criteria you want to establish.
You can enter up to four IPv4 precedence values in one match statement. For example, if you wanted the
IP precedence values of 0, 1, 2, or 7, enter the match ip precedence 0 1 2 7 command. The packet must
match only one (not all) of the specified IP precedence values to belong to the class.
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match ip precedence
You can use match ip precedence classification in input and output policy maps.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show class-map privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to create a class map called class, which matches all the incoming traffic with
IP-precedence values of 5, 6, and 7:
Switch(config)# class-map match-any in-class
Switch(config-cmap)# match ip precedence 5 6 7
Switch(config-cmap)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
class-map
Creates a class map to be used for matching packets to the class whose name
you specify.
show class-map
Displays quality of service (QoS) class maps.
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match mpls experimental topmost
match mpls experimental topmost
To identify the outer multiprotocol label switching (MPLS) experimental label to use as the match
criteria for a class, use the mpls experimental topmost command in class-map configuration mode. To
remove the match criteria, use the no form of this command.
match experimental topmost value
no match experimental topmost value
Syntax Description
value
Defaults
No match criteria are defined.
Command Modes
Class-map configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
A list of up to eight MPLS experimental labels. You can enter multiple lines to
match more than eight MPLS experimental values. This keyword matches only
valid MPLS packets. Separate each value with a space. The range is 0 to 7.
The match experimental topmost value command specifies a value for the topmost (outer) MPLS label
to use as the match criteria to determine if packets belong to the class specified by the class map.
Before using the match experimental topmost value command, you must enter the class-map global
configuration command to specify the name of the class whose match criteria you want to establish.
You can enter up to eight MPLS EXP label values in one match statement. You can enter multiple lines
to match more than eight values.
In an MPLS network, the IP precedence bits in the packet header are copied into the MPLS EXP fields
at the edge of a network. Instead of overwriting the value in the IP precedence field, you can set the
MPLS experimental bit. You can use different values to mark packets based on characteristics such as
rate or type so that packets have the same priority.
You can use match experimental topmost value classification in input and output policy maps.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show class-map privileged EXEC command.
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Examples
This example shows how to create a class map called inclass, which matches all the incoming traffic with
MPLS values of 5 and 6:
Switch(config)# class-map match-any in-class
Switch(config-cmap)# match mpls experimental topmost 5 6
Switch(config-cmap)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
class-map
Creates a class map to be used for matching packets to the class whose name
you specify.
show class-map
Displays quality of service (QoS) class maps.
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match qos-group
match qos-group
To identify a specific quality of service (QoS) group value as a match criterion for a class, use the match
qos-group command in class-map configuration mode. To remove the match criteria, use the no form of
this command.
match qos-group value
no match qos-group value
Syntax Description
qos-group value
Defaults
No match criterion are defined.
Command Modes
Class-map configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
A quality of service group value. The range is from 0 to 99.
The match qos-group command specifies a QoS group value to use as the match criterion to determine
if packets belong to the class specified by the class map.
The QoS-group values are used as marking only and have no mathematical significance. For example,
the precedence value of 2 is not greater than 1, but merely indicates that a packet marked with a value
of 2 is different than one marked with a value of 1. You define the treatment of these marked packets by
setting QoS policies in policy-map class configuration mode.
The QoS-group value is local to the switch, meaning that the QoS-group value marked on a packet does
not leave the switch when the packet leaves the switch. If you require a marking that remains with the
packet, use IP Differentiated Service Code Point (DSCP) values, IP precedence values, or another
method of packet marking.
Before using the match qos-group command, you must enter the class-map global configuration
command to specify the name of the class whose match criteria you want to establish.
You can use the match qos-group classification only on output policy maps.
There can be no more than 100 QoS groups on the switch (0 to 99).
You can verify the configuration by entering the show class-map privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to classify traffic by using QoS group 13 as the match criterion:
Switch(config)# class-map match-any inclass
Switch(config-cmap)# match qos-group 13
Switch(config-cmap)# exit
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match qos-group
Related Commands
Command
Description
class-map
Creates a class map to be used for matching packets to the class whose name
you specify.
show class-map
Displays QoS class maps.
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match vlan
match vlan
To apply QoS policies to frames carried on a user-specified VLAN for a given interface, use the match
vlan command in class-map configuration mode in the parent policy of a hierarchical policy map. You
can use hierarchical policy maps for per-VLAN classification on trunk ports. To remove the match
criteria, use the no form of this command.
match vlan {vlan-list | inner vlan-list}
no match vlan {vlan-list | inner vlan-list}
Syntax Description
vlan vlan-list
Specifies matching a packet based on the outermost, service-provider VLAN
ID (S-VLAN). For untagged packets, this matches the default VLAN
associated with the packets from the port or EFP.
You can enter a single VLAN ID or a range of VLANs separated by a hyphen.
The range is from 1 to 4094.
vlan inner vlan-list
Specifies matching a packet based on the C-VLAN, the inner customer
VLAN ID of an 802.1Q tunnel. For packets with less than 2 tags, the
command has no effect.
You can specify a single VLAN identified by a VLAN number or a range of
VLANs separated by a hyphen. The range is 1 to 4094.
Defaults
No match criteria are defined.
Command Modes
Class-map configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You configure per-VLAN QoS by entering the match vlan vlan-id or match vlan-inner vlan-id
class-map configuration command for one or more VLANs.
The feature is supported using a 2-level hierarchical input policy map, where the parent-level defines the
VLAN-based classification, and the child-level defines the QoS policy to be applied to the corresponding
VLAN(s).
You use the match vlan vlan-id class-map configuration command to classify based on the outer VLAN.
Use the match vlan inner vlan-id class-map configuration command to classify based on the inner
VLAN
With classification based on VLAN IDs, you can apply QoS policies to frames carried on a
user-specified VLAN for a given interface. You can use hierarchical policy maps for per-VLAN
classification on trunk ports. Per-VLAN classification is not required on access ports because access
ports carry traffic for a single VLAN.
Per-port, per-VLAN QoS is supported only on IEEE 802.1Q trunk ports.
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match vlan
Before using the match vlan command, you must enter the class-map global configuration command to
specify the name of the class whose match criteria you want to establish.
You can verify your configuration by entering the show class-map privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to create a class-map called parent-class, which matches incoming traffic with
VLAN IDs in the range from 30 to 40.
Switch(config)# class-map match-any parent-class
Switch(config-cmap)# match vlan 30-40
Switch(config-cmap)# exit
This example shows how to match VLAN and CoS in the same policy. When you attach the service
policy vlan to an interface, packets with the outer VLAN of 2 and an outer CoS of 2 are included in class
map phb.
Switch(config)# class-map vlan
Switch(config-cmap)# match vlan 2
Switch(config-cmap)# exit
Switch(config)# class-map phb
Switch(config-cmap)# match cos 2
Switch(config-cmap)# exit
Switch(config)# policy-map phb
Switch(config-pmap)# class phb
Switch(config-pmap-c)# bandwidth 1000
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# exit
Switch(config)# policy-map vlan
Switch(config-pmap)# class vlan
Switch(config-pmap-c)# bandwidth 1000
Switch(config-pmap-c)# service-policy phb
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# exit
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/1
Switch(config-if)# service-policy vlan
Switch(config-if)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
class-map
Creates a class map to be used for matching packets to a specified class name.
show class-map
Displays quality of service (QoS) class maps.
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mdix auto
mdix auto
To enable the automatic medium-dependent interface crossover (auto-MDIX) feature on the interface,
use the mdix auto command in interface configuration mode. When auto-MDIX is enabled, the interface
automatically detects the required cable connection type (straight-through or crossover) and configures
the connection appropriately. To disable auto-MDIX, use the no form of this command.
mdix auto
no mdix auto
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Defaults
Auto-MDIX is enabled.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
When you enable auto-MDIX on an interface, you must also set the speed and duplex on the interface to
auto so that the feature operates correctly.
When auto-MDIX (along with autonegotiation of speed and duplex) is enabled on one or both of
connected interfaces, link up occurs, even if the required cable type (straight-through or crossover) is
not present.
Auto-MDIX is supported on all 10/100-Mbps interfaces and on 10/100/1000BASE-T/BASE-TX small
form-factor pluggable (SFP)-module interfaces. It is not supported on 1000BASE-SX or -LX SFP
module interfaces.
You can verify the operational state of auto-MDIX on the interface by entering the show controllers
ethernet-controller interface-id phy privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to enable auto-MDIX on a port:
Switch# configure terminal
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# speed auto
Switch(config-if)# duplex auto
Switch(config-if)# mdix auto
Switch(config-if)# end
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Related Commands
Command
Description
show controllers ethernet-controller
interface-id phy
Displays general information about internal registers of an
interface, including the operational state of auto-MDIX.
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mtu
mtu
To set the maximum packet size or maximum transmission unit (MTU) size for an interface, use the mtu
command in interface configuration mode. To return to the default value, use the no form of this
command.
mtu bytes
no mtu bytes
Syntax Description
bytes
Defaults
The default maximum transmission unit (MTU) size for frames received and sent on all interfaces on the
switch is 1500 bytes.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Set the system MTU for the interface. The range is from 1500 to 9800 bytes.
The default is 1500.
When you use this command to change the MTU size on an interface, it is not necessary to reset the
switch before the new configuration takes effect.
Because the switch does not fragment Layer 2 packets, it drops switched Layer 2 packets larger than the
packet size supported on the egress interface.
Examples
This example shows how to set the maximum packet size for a port to 1800 bytes:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/1
Switch(config-if)# mtu 1800
Switch(config)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
show interface [interface-id] mtu
Displays the MTU size for all interfaces or for the
specified interface.
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network-clock-select
network-clock-select
To configure the Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) input clock and priority, use the network-clock-select
command in global configuration mode. To remove the priority, use the no form of this command.
network-clock-select priority [BITS | SYNCE port-number]
no network-clock-select priority
Syntax Description
priority
Sets the priority of the device as a network clock. The range is from 1 to 15,
with 1 being the highest priority. Unused network clocks are given a priority
value of 0.
BITS
Selects the Building Integrated Timing Supply (BITS) clock input.
SYNCE port-number
Selects the clock input uplink port. For port number:
•
Enter 0 for input from TenGigabitEthernet 0/1.
•
Enter 1 for input from TenGigabitEthernet 0/2.
Defaults
The SyncE network clock is not configured.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
During normal operation, the reference clock is selected based on an algorithm that uses the priority
rankings that you assign to the input clocks by using the network-clock-select priority priority global
configuration command.
The reference clock source can be the BITS input or a PHY-recovered clock from one of the uplink ports.
The ME 3800X and ME 3600X switch supports a BITS port through an RJ45 connector.
Examples
This example shows how to set the priority of a device to 2 and configure BITS as the clock input source.:
Switch(config)# network-clock-select 2 BITS
Switch(config)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
show network-clocks
Displays network clock configuration.
controller BITS commands
Configures the BITS clock controller characteristics.
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network-clock-select hold-off timeout
network-clock-select hold-off timeout
To configure the time that the switch should wait if a Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) reference clock goes
down before removing it as the reference clock, use the network-clock-select hold-off timeout
command in global configuration mode. To return to the default value, use the no form of this command.
network-clock-select hold-off timeout value
no network-clock-select hold-off timeout
Syntax Description
value
Defaults
The default hold-off time is 300 ms.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Sets the time in milliseconds. The accepted values are 0 or 50 to 10000
milliseconds (ms). The default is 300 ms.
This command is supported only if you enter the ql-enabled rep-segment command in global
configuration mode to configure the Resilient Ethernet Protocol (REP) workaround for resiliency and to
avoid timing loops.
Setting a hold-off timeout ensures that the short activation of a signal failure is not passed to the clock
selection process.
Examples
This example shows how to set the hold-off timeout to 5000 milliseconds:
Switch(config)# network-clock-select hold-off timeout 5000
Switch(config)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
show network-clocks
Displays network clock configuration.
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network-clock-select hold-timeout
network-clock-select hold-timeout
To configure the time after which the switch moves from the holdover state to the free-run state for
system timing, use the network-clock-select hold-timeout command in global configuration mode. To
return to the default value, use the no form of this command.
network-clock-select hold-timeout {value | infinite}
no network-clock-select hold-timeout
Syntax Description
value
Sets the time in seconds before the switch changes to a different clock input.
The range is 0 to 86,400 seconds. This can be selected only when Resilient
Ethernet Protocol (REP) quality level is enabled.
infinite
Sets the time to infinite. The switch continues to use the existing clock input
information forever. This is the default.
Defaults
The default holdout time is infinite.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
If there is no reliable clock source available, the switch goes into holdover mode and replays the saved
clock from the last source.
You can configure a holdout time only if you enter the ql-enabled rep-segment command in global
configuration mode to configure the Resilient Ethernet Protocol (REP) workaround for resiliency and to
avoid timing loops.
When the configured holdout time expires, the switch goes into free-run state, where the timing clock is
internal to the switch.
If you do not configure the REP workaround, the holdout time in a priority-based configuration is
infinite.
Examples
This example shows how to set the switch to wait for 10,000 seconds after no reliable clock source is
available and use the saved clock information:
Switch(config)# network-clock-select hold-timeout 10000
Switch(config)# exit
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network-clock-select hold-timeout
Related Commands
Command
Description
show network-clocks
Displays network clock configuration.
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network-clock-select mode
network-clock-select mode
To configure the Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) input clock to determine the action to take if clock
reference with higher priority than the selected reference clock becomes available, use the
network-clock-select mode command in global configuration mode. To return to the default value, use
the no form of this command.
network-clock-select mode {nonrevert | revert}
no network-clock-select mode {nonrevert | revert}
Syntax Description
nonrevert
Specifies that a new clock with higher priority does not immediately become
the reference clock. In this mode, the new clock becomes the reference clock
only if the current reference clock becomes invalid.
revert
Specifies that a new clock with higher priority is immediately selected as the
new reference clock. This is the default.
Defaults
The default clock-select mode is revert.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
An input reference clock can be either forced or selected by an automatic selection algorithm based on
the highest priority valid input clock. In revert mode, the forces clock automatically becomes the
selected reference. In non-revertive mode, the forced clock becomes the selected reference only if the
existing reference is invalidated or made unavailable for selection.
You can use the set network-clocks privileged EXEC command for more configuration of not-revertive
mode.
Examples
This example shows how to specify that if an input with higher priority becomes valid, it immediately
becomes the reference clock:
Switch(config)# network-clock-select mode revert
Switch(config)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
show network-clocks
Displays network clock configuration.
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network-clock-select option
network-clock-select option
To configure the Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) Ethernet Equipment Clock (EEC) option, use the
network-clock-select option command in global configuration mode. To select the other
(nonconfigured) option (E1 or T1), use the no form of this command.
network-clock-select option {option1 | option2}
no network-clock-select option {option1 | option2}
Syntax Description
option1
Selects 20.48 MHz (E1) as the input clock rate.
option2
Selects 1.544 MHz (T1) as the input clock rate.
Defaults
The default option is E1.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You should base the selected option on the timing format of the area of deployment.
After selecting the clock option, you can use the controller BITS global configuration commands to
specify the line characteristics. Before using the controller BITS command to change the E1/T1 settings,
you should ensure that the selection matches the option in this command.
Examples
This example shows how to select the E1 (2.048 MHz) clock option:
Switch(config)# network-clock-select option option1
Switch(config)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
show network-clocks
Displays network clock configuration.
controller BITS commands
Configures the BITS clock controller characteristics.
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network-clock-select output
network-clock-select output
To set the priority and select the line interfaces to drive the output clock, use the network-clock-select
output command in global configuration mode. To remove the configuration, use the no form of this
command.
network-clock-select output priority SYNCE port
no network-clock-select output priority
Syntax Description
priority
Sets the priority of the device as a network clock. The range is from 1 to 15,
with 1 being the highest priority. Unused network clocks are given a priority
value of 0.
SYNCE port
Selects the clock output uplink port. For port number:
•
Enter 0 for input from TenGigabitEthernet 0/1.
•
Enter 1 for input from TenGigabitEthernet 0/2.
Defaults
Output clock priority is not configured.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The output clock (T4 or BITS OUT) is driven only on uplink ports.
The clock is not driven by the Building Integrated Timing Supply (BITS) or the system clock (T0).
Examples
This example shows how to set the BITS output priority to 2 on TenGigabitEthernet port 0/1.
Switch(config)# network-clock-select output 2 SYNCE 0.
Switch(config)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
show network-clocks
Displays network clock configuration.
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network-clock-select wait-to-restore-timeout
network-clock-select wait-to-restore-timeout
To configure the time that the switch waits before a previously failed Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE)
input clock must be fault-free before it is considered available as a synchronization source, use the
network-clock-select wait-to-restore timeout command in global configuration mode. To return to the
default value, use the no form of this command.
network-clock-select wait-to-restore timeout value
no network-clock-select wait-to-restore timeout
Syntax Description
value
Defaults
SyncE wait to restore time is 300 seconds.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Sets the wait time in seconds. The range is 0 to 720 seconds. The default is
300 seconds.
Usage Guidelines
You can configure a holdout time only if you configure the REP quality level by entering the ql-enabled
rep-segment command.
Examples
This example shows how to set the wait to restore time to 500 seconds:
Switch(config)# network-clock-select wait-to-restore timeout 500
Switch(config)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
ql-enabled rep-segment segment-id
Enable the Resilient Ethernet Protocol quality level
workaround.
show network-clocks
Displays network clock configuration.
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oam protocol cfm svlan
oam protocol cfm svlan
To configure the Ethernet virtual connection (EVC) operation, administration, and maintenance (OAM)
protocol as IEEE 801.2ag Connectivity Fault Management (CFM) and to identify the service provider
VLAN-ID for a CFM domain level, use the oam protocol cfm svlan command in EVC configuration
mode. To remove the OAM protocol configuration for the EVC, use the no form of this command.
oam protocol cfm svlan vlan-id domain domain-name
no oam protocol
Syntax Description
vlan-id
Service provider VLAN ID for CFM. The range is 1 to 4094.
domain domain-name
Identifies the CFM domain for the service provider VLAN ID. If the CFM
domain does not exist, the command is rejected, and an error message
appears.
Defaults
There are no service provider VLANs identified for an EVC.
Command Modes
EVC configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
When you enter domain domain-name, the CFM domain must have already been created by entering the
ethernet cfm domain domain-name level level-id global configuration command. If the CFM domain
does not exist, the command is rejected, and an error message appears.
Examples
This example shows how to enter EVC configuration mode and to configure the OAM protocol as CFM:
Switch(config)# ethernet evc test1
Switch(config-evc)# oam protocol cfm svlan 22 domain Operator
Related Commands
Command
Description
ethernet evc evc-id
Defines an EVC and enters EVC configuration mode.
ethernet cfm domain
Defines a CFM domain and sets the domain level.
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pagp learn-method
pagp learn-method
To learn the source address of incoming packets received from an EtherChannel port, use the pagp
learn-method command in interface configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the no
form of this command.
pagp learn-method {aggregation-port | physical-port}
no pagp learn-method
Syntax Description
aggregation-port
Specifies address learning on the logical port-channel. The switch sends
packets to the source using any of the ports in the EtherChannel. This setting
is the default. With aggregate-port learning, it is not important on which
physical port the packet arrives.
physical-port
Specifies address learning on the physical port within the EtherChannel. The
switch sends packets to the source using the same port in the EtherChannel
from which it learned the source address. The other end of the channel uses
the same port in the channel for a particular destination MAC or IP address.
Defaults
The default is aggregation-port (logical port channel).
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
When configuring pagp learn-method, learn must be configured to the same method at both ends of the
link.
•
The switch supports address learning only on aggregate ports even though the physical-port
keyword is provided in the command-line interface (CLI). The pagp learn-method and the pagp
port-priority interface configuration commands have no effect on the switch hardware, but they are
required for PAgP interoperability with devices that only support address learning by physical ports.
•
When the link partner to the switch is a physical learner, we recommend that you configure the
switch as a physical-port learner. Use the pagp learn-method physical-port interface configuration
command, and set the load-distribution method based on the source MAC address by using the
port-channel load-balance src-mac global configuration command. Only use the pagp
learn-method interface configuration command in this situation.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show running-config privileged EXEC command or
the show pagp channel-group-number internal privileged EXEC command.
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pagp learn-method
Examples
This example shows how to set the learning method to learn the address on the physical port within the
EtherChannel:
Switch(config-if)# pagp learn-method physical-port
This example shows how to set the learning method to learn the address on the port-channel within the
EtherChannel:
Switch(config-if)# pagp learn-method aggregation-port
Related Commands
Command
Description
pagp port-priority
Selects a port over which all traffic through the EtherChannel is sent.
show pagp
Displays PAgP channel-group information.
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
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pagp port-priority
pagp port-priority
To select a port over which all Port Aggregation Protocol (PAgP) traffic through the EtherChannel is
sent, use the pagp port-priority command in interface configuration mode. If all unused ports in the
EtherChannel are in hot-standby mode, they can be placed into operation if the currently selected port
and link fails. To return to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
pagp port-priority priority
no pagp port-priority
Syntax Description
priority
Defaults
The default is 128.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
A priority number ranging from 0 to 255.
The physical port with the highest operational priority and that has membership in the same
EtherChannel is the one selected for PAgP transmission.
•
The switch supports address learning only on aggregate ports even though the physical-port
keyword is provided in the command-line interface (CLI). The pagp learn-method and the pagp
port-priority interface configuration commands have no effect on the switch hardware, but they are
required for PAgP interoperability with devices that only support address learning by physical ports.
•
When the link partner to the switch is a physical learner, we recommend that you configure the
switch as a physical-port learner by using the pagp learn-method physical-port interface
configuration command and to set the load-distribution method based on the source MAC address
by using the port-channel load-balance src-mac global configuration command. Use the pagp
learn-method interface configuration command only in this situation.
You can verify your setting by entering the show running-config privileged EXEC command or the
show pagp channel-group-number internal privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to set the port priority to 200:
Switch(config-if)# pagp port-priority 200
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pagp port-priority
Related Commands
Command
Description
pagp learn-method
Provides the ability to learn the source address of incoming packets.
show pagp
Displays PAgP channel-group information.
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
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permit (MAC access-list configuration)
permit (MAC access-list configuration)
To allow non-IP traffic to be forwarded if the conditions are matched, use the permit command in MAC
access-list configuration mode. To remove a permit condition from the extended MAC access list, use
the no form of this command.
{permit | deny} {any | host src-MAC-addr | src-MAC-addr mask} {any | host dst-MAC-addr |
dst-MAC-addr mask} [type mask | cos cos | aarp | amber | dec-spanning | decnet-iv |
diagnostic | dsm | etype-6000 | etype-8042 | lat | lavc-sca | lsap lsap mask | mop-console |
mop-dump | msdos | mumps | netbios | vines-echo | vines-ip | xns-idp]
no {permit | deny} {any | host src-MAC-addr | src-MAC-addr mask} {any | host dst-MAC-addr |
dst-MAC-addr mask} [type mask | cos cos | aarp | amber | dec-spanning | decnet-iv |
diagnostic | dsm | etype-6000 | etype-8042 | lat | lavc-sca | lsap lsap mask | mop-console |
mop-dump | msdos | mumps | netbios | vines-echo |vines-ip | xns-idp]
Note
Syntax Description
Though visible in the command-line help strings, appletalk is not supported as a matching condition.
any
Keyword to specify to deny any source or destination MAC address.
host src-MAC-addr |
src-MAC-addr mask
Defines a host MAC address and optional subnet mask. If the source
address for a packet matches the defined address, non-IP traffic from that
address is denied.
host dst-MAC-addr |
dst-MAC-addr mask
Defines a destination MAC address and optional subnet mask. If the
destination address for a packet matches the defined address, non-IP
traffic to that address is denied.
type mask
(Optional) Uses the Ethertype number of a packet with Ethernet II or
SNAP encapsulation to identify the protocol of the packet.
•
type is 0 to 65535, specified in hexadecimal.
•
mask is a mask of don’t care bits applied to the Ethertype before
testing for a match.
aarp
(Optional) Selects Ethertype AppleTalk Address Resolution Protocol that
maps a data-link address to a network address.
amber
(Optional) Selects EtherType DEC-Amber.
cos cos
(Optional) Selects an arbitrary class of service (CoS) number from 0 to 7
to set priority. Filtering on CoS can be performed only in hardware. A
warning message appears if the cos option is configured.
dec-spanning
(Optional) Selects EtherType Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)
spanning tree.
decnet-iv
(Optional) Selects EtherType DECnet Phase IV protocol.
diagnostic
(Optional) Selects EtherType DEC-Diagnostic.
dsm
(Optional) Selects EtherType DEC-DSM.
etype-6000
(Optional) Selects EtherType 0x6000.
etype-8042
(Optional) Selects EtherType 0x8042.
lat
(Optional) Selects EtherType DEC-LAT.
lavc-sca
(Optional) Selects EtherType DEC-LAVC-SCA.
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permit (MAC access-list configuration)
lsap lsap-number mask
(Optional) Uses the LSAP number (0 to 65535) of a packet with 802.2
encapsulation to identify the protocol of the packet.
The mask is a mask of don’t care bits applied to the LSAP number before
testing for a match.
mop-console
(Optional) Selects EtherType DEC-MOP Remote Console.
mop-dump
(Optional) Selects EtherType DEC-MOP Dump.
msdos
(Optional) Selects EtherType DEC-MSDOS.
mumps
(Optional) Selects EtherType DEC-MUMPS.
netbios
(Optional) Selects EtherType DEC- Network Basic Input/Output System
(NETBIOS).
vines-echo
(Optional) Selects EtherType Virtual Integrated Network Service
(VINES) Echo from Banyan Systems.
vines-ip
(Optional) Selects EtherType VINES IP.
xns-idp
(Optional) Selects EtherType Xerox Network Systems (XNS) protocol
suite.
To filter IPX traffic, you use the type mask or lsap lsap mask keywords, depending on the type of IPX
encapsulation being used. Filter criteria for IPX encapsulation types as specified in Novell terminology
and Cisco IOS terminology are listed in Table 2-3.
Table 2-3
IPX Filtering Criteria
IPX Encapsulation Type
Cisco IOS Name
Novell Name
Filter Criterion
arpa
Ethernet II
Ethertype 0x8137
snap
Ethernet-snap
Ethertype 0x8137
sap
Ethernet 802.2
LSAP 0xE0E0
novell-ether
Ethernet 802.3
LSAP 0xFFFF
Defaults
This command has no defaults. However, the default action for a MAC-named ACL is to deny.
Command Modes
MAC access-list configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You enter MAC access-list configuration mode by using the mac access-list extended global
configuration command.
If you use the host keyword, you cannot enter an address mask; if you do not use the any or host
keywords, you must enter an address mask.
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permit (MAC access-list configuration)
After an access control entry (ACE) is added to an access control list, an implied deny-any-any
condition exists at the end of the list. That is, if there are no matches, the packets are denied. However,
before the first ACE is added, the list permits all packets.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show access-lists privileged EXEC command.
Note
Examples
For more information about MAC-named extended access lists, see the software configuration guide for
this release.
This example shows how to define the MAC-named extended access list to allow NETBIOS traffic from
any source to MAC address 00c0.00a0.03fa. Traffic matching this list is allowed.
Switch(config-ext-macl)# permit any host 00c0.00a0.03fa netbios
This example shows how to remove the permit condition from the MAC-named extended access list:
Switch(config-ext-macl)# no permit any 00c0.00a0.03fa 0000.0000.0000 netbios
This example permits all packets with Ethertype 0x4321:
Switch(config-ext-macl)# permit any any 0x4321 0
Related Commands
Command
Description
deny (MAC access-list
configuration)
Denies non-IP traffic to be forwarded if conditions are matched.
mac access-list extended
Creates an access list based on MAC addresses for non-IP traffic.
show access-lists
Displays access control lists configured on a switch.
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police
police
To define a policer for classified traffic and to enter policy-map class police configuration mode, use the
police command in policy-map class configuration mode. A policer defines an average traffic rate, a
committed information rate (CIR), a peak information rate (PIR), and an action to take if a maximum is
exceeded. In policy-map class police configuration mode, you can specify multiple actions for a packet.
To remove a policer, use the no form of this command.
police {rate-bps | cir {cir-bps [burst-bytes] [bc burst-bytes] | percent percent [burst-ms] [bc
burst-ms]} [pir {pir-bps [be peak-burst] | percent percent [be peak-ms]}] [action]
[conform-action {drop | set-cos-transmit new cos-value | set-discard-class-transmit new
discard-value | set-dscp-transmit new dscp-value | set-mpls-exp-imposition-transmit
new-imposition-exp-value | set-mpls-exp-topmost transmit new-topmost-exp-value |
set-prec-transmit value new prec-value | set-qos-transmit value new qos-value| transmit}]
[exceed-action {drop | set-cos-transmit new cos-value | set-discard-class-transmit new
discard-value | set-dscp-transmit new dscp-value | set-mpls-exp-imposition-transmit
new-imposition-exp-value | set-mpls-exp-topmost transmit new-topmost-exp-value |
set-prec-transmit value new prec-value | set-qos-transmit value new qos-value| transmit}]
[violate-action {drop | set-cos-transmit new cos-value | set-discard-class-transmit new
discard-value | set-dscp-transmit new dscp-value | set-mpls-exp-imposition-transmit
new-imposition-exp-value | set-mpls-exp-topmost transmit new-topmost-exp-value |
set-prec-transmit value new prec-value | set-qos-transmit value new qos-value| transmit}]
no police {rate-bps | cir {cir-bps [burst-bytes] [bc burst-bytes] | percent percent [burst-ms] [bc
burst-ms]} [pir {pir-bps [be peak-burst] | percent percent [be peak-ms]}] [action]
[conform-action {drop | set-cos-transmit new cos-value | set-discard-class-transmit new
discard-value | set-dscp-transmit new dscp-value | set-mpls-exp-imposition-transmit
new-imposition-exp-value | set-mpls-exp-topmost transmit new-topmost-exp-value |
set-prec-transmit value new prec-value | set-qos-transmit value new qos-value| transmit}]
[exceed-action {drop | set-cos-transmit new cos-value | set-discard-class-transmit new
discard-value | set-dscp-transmit new dscp-value | set-mpls-exp-imposition-transmit
new-imposition-exp-value | set-mpls-exp-topmost transmit new-topmost-exp-value |
set-prec-transmit value new prec-value | set-qos-transmit value new qos-value| transmit}]
[violate-action {drop | set-cos-transmit new cos-value | set-discard-class-transmit new
discard-value | set-dscp-transmit new dscp-value | set-mpls-exp-imposition-transmit
new-imposition-exp-value | set-mpls-exp-topmost transmit new-topmost-exp-value |
set-prec-transmit value new prec-value | set-qos-transmit value new qos-value| transmit}]
Syntax Description
rate-bps
Specifies the average traffic rate in bits per second (b/s). The range is 64000
to 10000000000.
cir
Committed information rate (CIR) used for policing traffic.
cir-bps
CIR rate in b/s. The range is 64000 to 10000000000 b/s.
burst-bytes
(Optional) Specifies the normal burst size in bytes. The range is from 8000
to 16000000.
bc burst- bytes
(Optional) Conform burst. The number of acceptable burst bytes. The range
is 8000 to 1000000 bytes.
cir percent percent
Specifies the CIR as a percentage of the bandwidth assigned to the class. The
range is from 1 to 100 percent.
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police
burst-ms
(Optional) Specifies the normal burst size in milliseconds. The range is 1 to
2000.
bc burst-ms
(Optional) Specifies the conformed burst (bc) in milliseconds. The range is
1 to 2000.
pir pir-bps
(Optional) Specifies the peak information rate (PIR) for the policy. The range
is 64000 to 10000000000. This parameter is used for configuring a 2-rate,
3-color policer. If you do not enter a pir pir-bps, the policer is configured as
a 1-rate, 2-color policer.
be burst-bytes
(Optional) Specifies the peak burst size in bytes. The range is 8000 to
16000000 bytes. The default is internally calculated based on the user
configuration. You cannot configure this option unless you have entered the
pir keyword.
pir percent percent
Specifies the PIR as a percentage of the bandwidth assigned to the class. The
range is from 1 to 100 percent. if you enter cir percent, you must enter pir
in percent.
be burst-ms
(Optional) Specifies the peak burst in milliseconds. The range is 1 to 2000.
conform-action
(Optional) Specifies the action to perform on packets that conform to the CIR
and PIR. The default is transmit.
drop
(Optional) Drops the packet.
set-cos-transmit
new-cos-value
Set a new class of service (CoS) value for the packet and send the packet. The
range for the new CoS value is 0 to 7.
set-discard-class-trans Sets a new discard-class value for the packet and send the packet. The range
mit new discard-value for the value is 0 to 7.
Defaults
set-dscp-transmit
new-dscp-value
Sets a new Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) value for the packet
and send the packet. The range for the new DCSP value is 0 to 63.
set-mpls-exp-topmost
transmit
new-topmost-exp-value
Sets an MPLS label using the new MPLS EXP value at tag imposition, and
send the packet. The range is 0 to 7.
set-mpls-exp-topmost
transmit
new-topmost-exp-value
Sets an MPLS label using the new MPLS EXP value for the topmost (outer)
MPLS label, and send the packet. The range is 0 to 7.
set-prec-transmit
new-precedence-value
Sets a new IP precedence value for the packet and send the packet. The range
for the new IP precedence value is 0 to 7.
set-qos-transmit
qos-group-value
Sets a new quality of service (QoS) group value for the packet and send the
packet. The range for the new QoS value is 0 to 99.
transmit
(Optional) Sends the packet unmodified.
exceed-action
(Optional) Action to be taken for packets that exceed the CIR but are less
than or equal to the PIR.
violate-action
(Optional) Action to be taken for packets exceed the PIR.
No policers are defined.
Conform burst (bc) is automatically configured to 250 ms at the configured CIR.
Command Modes
Policy-map class configuration
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police
Command History
Usage Guidelines
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
You can enter a single conform-action, exceed-action, or violate-action as part of the command string
following the police command. You can also press Enter after the police command to enter policy-map
class police configuration mode, where you can enter multiple actions. In policy-map class police
configuration mode, you must enter an action to take.
The switch also supports marking multiple QoS parameters for the same class and simultaneously
configuring conform-action, exceed-action, and violate-action marking.
The switch supports single-rate policing with a 2-color marker, or a 2-rate policer with a 3-color marker.
Mapped packets can be sent without modification, dropped, or marked to options specified by the set
command. Note that traffic rates are configured in bits per second and burst size is entered in bytes.
You can configure policing for any number of classes on any one of the three levels of the policy-map
hierarchy. If you configure marking on one level, you can configure policing without marking (transmit,
drop) on another level.
The ME 3600X switch supports 2000 policers. The number of policers supported on the ME 3800X
switch is either 8000 or 16000, depending on the switch license.
An output policy map should match only the modified values of the out-of-profile traffic and not the
original values.
When you define the policer and press Enter, you enter policy-map class police configuration mode, in
which you can configure multiple policing actions. These commands are available:
•
conform-action
•
exceed-action
•
violate-action
•
exit: exits from QoS policy-map class police configuration mode. If you do not want to set multiple
actions, you can enter exit without entering any other policy-map class police commands.
•
no: negates or sets the default values of a command.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show policy-map privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to create a traffic classification with a CoS value of 4, create a policy map, and
attach it to an ingress port. The average traffic rate is limited to 10000000 b/s with a burst size of
10000 bytes:
Switch(config)# class-map video-class
Switch(config-cmap)# match cos 4
Switch(config-cmap)# exit
Switch(config)# policy-map video-policy
Switch(config-pmap)# class video-class
Switch(config-pmap-c)# police 10000000 10000
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# exit
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# service-policy input video-policy
Switch(config-if)# exit
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police
This example shows how to create policy map with a conform action of set dscp and a default exceed
action, and attach it to an EFP.
Switch(config)# class-map in-class-1
Switch(config-cmap)# match dscp 14
Switch(config-cmap)# exit
Switch(config)# policy-map in-policy
Switch(config-pmap)# class in-class-1
Switch(config-pmap-c)# police 230000 8000 conform-action set-dscp-transmit 33
exceed-action drop
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# exit
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch (config-if)# service instance 1 Ethernet
Switch (config-if-srv)# service-policy input in-policy
Switch (config-if-srv)# exit
This example shows how to use policy-map class police configuration mode to set multiple conform
actions and an exceed action. The policy map sets a committed information rate of 23000 bits per second
(b/sb/s) and a conform burst size of 10000 bytes. The policy map includes multiple conform actions (for
DSCP and for Layer 2 CoS) and an exceed action.
Switch(config)# class-map cos-set-1
Switch(config-cmap)# match cos 3
Switch(config-cmap)# exit
Switch(config)# policy-map map1
Switch(config-pmap)# class cos-set-1
Switch(config-pmap-c)# police cir 23000 bc 10000
Switch(config-pmap-c-police)# conform-action set-dscp-transmit 48
Switch(config-pmap-c-police)# conform-action set-cos-transmit 5
Switch(config-pmap-c-police)# exceed-action drop
Switch(config-pmap-c-police)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# exit
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# service-policy input map1
Switch(config-if)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
class
Defines a traffic classification match criteria for the specified
class-map name.
conform-action
Defines multiple actions for a policy-map class for packets that meet
the CIR and the PIR.
exceed-action
Defines multiple actions for a policy-map class for packets that
exceed the CIR but are less than or equal to the PIR.
policy-map
Creates or modifies a policy map that can be attached to multiple
ports to specify a service policy.
violate-action
Defines multiple actions for a policy-map class for packets that
exceed the PIR.
show policy-map
Displays QoS policy maps.
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policy-map
policy-map
To create or to modify a policy map that can be attached to multiple physical ports and to enter
policy-map configuration mode, use the policy-map command in global configuration mode. To delete
an existing policy map, use the no form of this command.
policy-map policy-map-name
no policy-map policy-map-name
Syntax Description
policy-map-name
Defaults
No policy maps are defined. By default, packets are sent unmodified.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Name of the policy map.
The switch supports a maximum of 1024 unique policy maps.
Before configuring policies for classes whose match criteria are defined in a class map, use the
policy-map command to specify the name of the policy map to be created or modified. Entering the
policy-map command also enables the policy-map configuration mode, in which you can configure or
modify the class policies for that policy map.
After entering the policy-map command, you enter policy-map configuration mode, and these
configuration commands are available:
Note
•
class: the specified traffic classification for which the policy actions are applied. The classification
is defined in the class-map global configuration command. For more information, see the class-map
command.
•
description: describes the policy map (up to 200 characters).
•
exit: exits policy-map configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.
•
no: removes a previously defined policy map.
If you enter the no policy-map configuration command or the no policy-map policy-map-name global
configuration command to delete a policy map that is attached to an interface, a warning message
appears that lists any interfaces (physical interfaces or Ethernet flow points (EFPs) from which the
policy map is being detached. The policy map is then detached and deleted. For example:
Warning: Detaching Policy test1 from Interface GigabitEthernet0/1
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policy-map
You can configure class policies in a policy map only if the classes have match criteria defined for them.
To configure the match criteria for a class, use the class-map global configuration and match class-map
configuration commands. You define packet classification on a physical-port basis.
You can create input policy maps and output policy maps, and you can assign one input policy map and
one output policy map to a target (port or EFP service instance). The input policy map acts on incoming
traffic on the port; the output policy map acts on outgoing traffic.
You can apply the same policy map to multiple targets.
Follow these guidelines when configuring input policy maps:
•
The total number of input policy maps that can be attached to interfaces on the switch is limited by
the availability of hardware resources. If you attempt to attach an input policy map that would
exceed any hardware resource limitation, the configuration fails.
•
You cannot configure an IP (IP standard and extended ACL, DSCP or IP precedence) and a non-IP
(MAC ACL or CoS) classification within the same policy map, either within a single class map or
across class maps within the policy map.
•
These commands are not supported on input policy maps: match discard-class command, match
qos-group command, bandwidth command for Class-Based-Weighting-Queuing (CBWFQ),
priority command for class-based priority queueing, queue-limit command for Weighted Tail Drop
(WTD), shape average command for port shaping, or class-based traffic shaping.
Follow these guidelines when configuring output policy maps:
•
Output policy maps can have a maximum of eight classes, one of which is class-default, when the
classes in the policy map are of class-level classification, such as cos, dscp, and mpls exp. There
are no restrictions for classes in a VLAN-level policy map as long as the number does not exceed
that supported by the license installed on the switch.
•
Each class of a policy map can have three unique queue-limit configurations, including an
unqualified queue-limit (that is a queue-limit without any qualifier). The switch supports a
maximum of eight queues per policy map, including the class-default. Queue-limit configurations
are unique for a class of a policy map. There are a total of 256 queue-limit profiles in the switch,
some of which are default profiles. Each profile can have three queue-limit configurations. When
queue-limit configurations are the same across classes, the classes use the same queue-limit profile.
•
All output policy maps must include the same number of class maps (one to three) and the same
classification (that is, the same class maps).
You can verify your settings by entering the show policy-map privileged EXEC command.
For more information about policy maps, see the software configuration guide for this release.
Examples
This example shows how to create an input policy map for three classes:
Switch(config)# policy-map input-all
Switch(config-pmap)# class gold
Switch(config-pmap-c)# set dscp af43
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# class silver
Switch(config-pmap-c)# police 50000000
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# class bronze
Switch(config-pmap-c)# police 20000000
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
This example shows how to delete the policy map input-all:
Switch(config)# no policy-map input-all
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Related Commands
Command
Description
class
Defines a traffic classification match criteria for the specified
class-map name.
class-map
Creates a class map to be used for matching packets to the class
whose name you specify.
service-policy (interface and
service-instance configuration
modes)
Applies a policy map to a port.
show policy-map
Displays quality of service (QoS) policy maps.
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port-channel load-balance
port-channel load-balance
To set the load-distribution method among the ports in the EtherChannel, use the port-channel
load-balance command in global configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the no form
of this command.
port-channel load-balance {dst-ip | dst-mac | src-dst-ip | src-dst-mac | src-ip | src-mac}
no port-channel load-balance
Syntax Description
dst-ip
Load distribution is based on the destination host IP address.
dst-mac
Load distribution is based on the destination host MAC address. Packets to the same
destination are sent on the same port, but packets to different destinations are sent on
different ports in the channel.
src-dst-ip
Load distribution is based on the source and destination host IP address.
src-dst-mac
Load distribution is based on the source and destination host MAC address.
src-ip
Load distribution is based on the source host IP address.
src-mac
Load distribution is based on the source MAC address. Packets from different hosts use
different ports in the channel, but packets from the same host use the same port.
Defaults
The default is src-mac.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
For information about when to use these forwarding methods, see the “Configuring EtherChannels”
chapter in the software configuration guide for this release.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show running-config privileged EXEC command or
the show etherchannel load-balance privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to set the load-distribution method to dst-mac:
Switch(config)# port-channel load-balance dst-mac
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port-channel load-balance
Related Commands
Command
Description
interface port-channel
Accesses or creates the port channel.
show etherchannel
Displays EtherChannel information for a channel.
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
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port-type
port-type
To configure the port type on a Cisco ME switch, use the port-type command in interface configuration
mode. Since all ports are network node interfaces (NNIs), this command has no effect.
port-type {eni | nni | uni}
no port-type
Syntax Description
eni
Enhanced network interface.
nni
Network node interface.
uni
User network interface.
Defaults
All ports are NNIs
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
All ports on the switch are NNIs. This command has no effect.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show port-type
Displays the port type of an interface.
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priority
priority
To configure class-based priority queuing for a class of traffic belonging to an output policy map, use
the priority command in policy-map class configuration mode. To remove a priority specified for a
class, use the no form of this command.
priority
no priority
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Defaults
No policers are defined.
Command Modes
Policy-map class configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The priority command assigns traffic to a low-latency path and ensures that packets belonging to the
class have the lowest possible latency. Packets in the priority queue are scheduled and sent until the
queue is empty.
Note
Only one unique class map in an attached policy map can be associated with a priority command. You
cannot configure priority along with any other queuing action (bandwidth or shape average).
Note
You should exercise care when using the priority command. Excessive use of strict priority queuing
might cause congestion in other queues.
You can associate the priority command only with a single unique class for all attached output policies
on the switch.
You cannot associate the priority command with the class-default of the output policy map.
You cannot configure priority and any other scheduling action (shape average or bandwidth) in the
same class.
All output classes and queues use a default queue-limit (see the queue-limit command). However, you
can override the default value by explicitly configuring an unqualified queue-limit on the class of an
output policy map. You can change the queue limit by using the queue-limit policy-map class command,
overriding the default set by the priority command.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show policy-map privileged EXEC command.
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priority
Examples
This example shows how to configure the class out-class1 as a strict priority queue so that all packets in
that class are sent before any other class of traffic. Other traffic queues are configured so that out-class-2
gets 50 percent of the remaining bandwidth and out-class3 gets 20 percent of the remaining bandwidth.
The class class-default receives the remaining 30 percent with no guarantees.
Switch(config)# policy-map policy1
Switch(config-pmap)# class out-class1
Switch(config-pmap-c)# priority
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# class out-class2
Switch(config-pmap-c)# bandwidth remaining percent 50
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# class out-class3
Switch(config-pmap-c)# bandwidth remaining percent 20
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# exit
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# service-policy output policy1
Switch(config-if)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
class
Defines a traffic classification match criteria for the specified
class-map name.
police
Defines a policer for classified traffic.
policy-map
Creates or modifies a policy map that can be attached to multiple
ports to specify a service policy.
show policy-map
Displays quality of service (QoS) policy maps.
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ql-enabled rep-segment
ql-enabled rep-segment
To configure a Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) Resilient Ethernet Protocol (REP) workaround for
network resiliency and to avoid timing loops when there are any network failures within the REP
segment, use the ql-enabled rep-segment command in global configuration mode. To disable the
workaround, use the no form of this command.
ql-enabled rep-segment segment-id
no ql-enabled rep-segment
Syntax Description
segment-id
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Specifies the SyncE REP segment to be used for the ESMC SSM workaround. The
segment ID range is 1 to 1024.
Some SyncE networks use Ethernet Synchronous Messaging Channel (ESMC) with source-specific
multicast (SSM) to ensure that the highest quality level clock available is selected and to prevent timing
loops in the network. Because ESMC SSM is not supported on the switch, we recommend configuring
the SyncE network as a REP segment to provide a REP workaround.
If you do not configure a REP workaround, an intermittent failure or change in network topology can
cause timing loops in the SyncE network. Configuring REP allows the segment to automatically respond
to a failure in the ring and avoid timing loops by changing the direction of the reference clock path.
SyncE uses REP only for failure detection, and not for timing topology discovery or timing loop
prevention. Timing loops can still occur if port priority is not correctly configured.
You can see if a REP segment is enabled by entering the show network-clocks privileged EXEC
command.
See the software configuration guide for more information about configuring REP segments and
configuring the REP workaround.
Examples
This example shows how to configure the REP segment 3 as the quality-level workrooms.
Switch(config)# dl-enabled segment 3
Related Commands
Command
Description
network-clock-select
Configures the network clock for the switch.
show network-clocks
Displays SyncE configuration on the switch.
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queue-limit
queue-limit
To set the queue maximum threshold for Weighted Tail Drop (WTD) in an output policy map, use the
queue-limit command in policy-map class configuration mode. To return to the default, use the no form
of this command.
queue-limit {limit [bytes bytes | us microseconds] | cos value | discard-class value | dscp value |
exp value | precedence value | qos-group value}
no queue-limit {limit [bytes | us] | cos value | discard-class value | dscp value | exp value |
precedence value | qos-group value}
Syntax Description
limit [bytes | us]
The threshold limit:
•
For bytes bytes, enter the maximum threshold in bytes. The range is
from 200 to 491520. The default depends on the interface speed. On
10/100/1000 Mb/s interfaces, the default is approximately 12000 bytes.
On 10 Gb/s interfaces, the default is approximately 120000 bytes.
•
For us microseconds, enter the maximum threshold in microseconds.
This is the default for specifying threshold. The range is from 1 to 3932.
The default depends on the interface: 10 Mb/s interfaces: 10000 us,
100 Mb/s interfaces: 1000 us, 1000 Mb/s and 10 Gb/s interfaces: 100 us.
If you do not enter bytes bytes or us microseconds, the default is us.
Defaults
cos value
Specifies a cost of service (CoS) value. The range is from 0 to 7.
discard-class value
Specifies a drop precedence for a packet during congestion management. The
range is 0 to 7. This is the preferred way to specify a subclass within a queue
to establish drop preference based on a queue buffer thresholds.
dscp value
Specifies a Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) value. The range is
from 0 to 63.
exp value
Specifies an MPLS exponential value. The range is from 0 to 7.
precedence value
Specifies an IP precedence value. The range is from 0 to 7.
qos-group value
Specifies a quality-of-service (QoS) group value. The range is from 0 to 99.
Default queue limits depend on the interface:
Command Modes
•
10 Mb/s interfaces: 10000 us or 12 KB
•
100 Mb/s interfaces: 1000 us or 12KB
•
1000 Mb/s interfaces: 100 us or 12 KB
•
10 Gb/s interfaces: 100 us or 120 KB
Policy-map class configuration
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queue-limit
Command History
Usage Guidelines
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
You use the queue-limit policy-map class command to control output traffic. Queue-limit settings are
not supported in input policy maps.
Use the other classification values to specify the subtype of traffic that needs to be mapped to the unique
threshold on the queue.
The switch supports one output policy map for each interface. Each class of a policy map can have three
unique queue-limit configurations, including an unqualified queue-limit (that is a queue-limit without
any qualifier).
The switch supports a maximum of eight queues per policy map, including the class-default. Queue-limit
configurations are unique for a class of a policy map. There are a total of 256 queue-limit profiles in the
switch, some of which are default profiles. Each profile can have three queue-limit configurations. When
queue-limit configurations are the same across classes, the classes use the same queue-limit profile.
If you try to attach an output policy map that contains a fourth queue-limit configuration to an interface,
you see an error message and the attachment is not allowed.
The queue-limit command is supported only after you first configure a scheduling action, such as
bandwidth, shape-average, or priority, except when you configure queue-limit in the class-default of
an output policy map.
You cannot configure more than two unique threshold values for WTD qualifiers (cos, dscp,
precedence, exp, discard-class, or qos-group) in the queue-limit command. However, you can map
any number of qualifiers to those thresholds. You can configure a third unique threshold value to set the
threshold for the queue, using the queue-limit command with no qualifiers.
You can use these same queue-limit values in multiple output policy maps on the switch. However,
changing one of the queue-limit values in a class would create a new, unique queue-limit configuration.
You can attach only three unique queue-limit configurations in output policy maps to interfaces at any
one time. If you try to attach an output policy map with a fourth unique queue-limit configuration, you
see this error message:
QoS: Configuration failed. Maximum number of allowable unique queue-limit
configurations exceeded.
You can verify your settings by entering the show policy-map privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows a policy map with a specified bandwidth and queue size. Traffic that is not DSCP 30
or 10 is assigned a queue-limit of 2000 bytes. Traffic with a DSCP value of 30 is assigned a queue-limit
of 1000 bytes, and traffic with a DSCP value of 10 is assigned a queue limit of 1500 bytes. All traffic
not belonging to the class traffic is classified into class-default, which is configured with 10 percent of
the total available bandwidth and a large queue size of 3000 bytes.
Switch(config)# policy-map gold-policy
Switch(config-pmap)# class traffic
Switch(config-pmap-c)# bandwidth percent 50
Switch(config-pmap-c)# queue-limit bytes 2000
Switch(config-pmap-c)# queue-limit dscp 30 bytes 1000
Switch(config-pmap-c)# queue-limit dscp 10 bytes 1500
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# class class-default
Switch(config-pmap-c)# bandwidth percent 10
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queue-limit
Switch(config-pmap-c)# queue-limit bytes 3000
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# exit
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# service-policy output gold-policy
Switch(config-if)# exit
There can be only three unique qualified queue-limit thresholds. In this example, there are four unique
thresholds, so the configuration is rejected:
Switch(config-pmap-c)#
Switch(config-pmap-c)#
Switch(config-pmap-c)#
Switch(config-pmap-c)#
queue-limit
queue-limit
queue-limit
queue-limit
100
cos
cos
cos
us
2 200 us
3 300 us
4 400 us
In the next example, although there appear to be only three unique thresholds, in reality there are four
threshold configurations, including an implied default threshold. The configuration is rejected.
Switch(config-pmap-c)# queue-limit cos 2 200 us
Switch(config-pmap-c)# queue-limit cos 3 300 us
Switch(config-pmap-c)# queue-limit cos 4 400 us
In this example, only three unique thresholds are configured and the configuration is allowed.
Switch(config-pmap-c)#
Switch(config-pmap-c)#
Switch(config-pmap-c)#
Switch(config-pmap-c)#
Related Commands
queue-limit
queue-limit
queue-limit
queue-limit
100
cos
cos
cos
us
2 100 us
3 300 us
4 400 us
Command
Description
class
Defines a traffic classification match criteria for the specified
class-map name.
policy-map
Creates or modifies a policy map that can be attached to multiple
ports to specify a service policy.
show policy-map
Displays QoS policy maps.
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rep admin vlan
rep admin vlan
To configure a Resilient Ethernet Protocol (REP) administrative VLAN for REP to transmit hardware
flood layer (HFL) messages, use the rep admin vlan command in global configuration mode. To return
to the default configuration with VLAN 1 as the administrative VLAN, use the no form of this command.
rep admin vlan vlan-id
no rep admin vlan
Syntax Description
vlan-id
Defaults
The administrative VLAN is VLAN 1.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The VLAN ID range is from 1 to 4094. The default is VLAN 1; the range to
configure is 2 to 4094.
If the VLAN does not already exist, this command does not create the VLAN.
To avoid the delay introduced by relaying messages in software for link-failure or VLAN-blocking
notification during load balancing, REP floods packets at the hardware flood layer (HFL) to a regular
multicast address. These messages are flooded to the whole network, not just the REP segment. Switches
that do not belong to the segment treat them as data traffic. Configuring an administrative VLAN for the
whole domain can control flooding of these messages.
If no REP administrative VLAN is configured, the default is VLAN 1.
There can be only one administrative VLAN on a switch and on a segment.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show interface rep detail privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure VLAN 100 as the REP administrative VLAN:
Switch (config)# rep admin vlan 100
Related Commands
Command
Description
show interfaces rep
detail
Displays detailed REP configuration and status for all interfaces or the
specified interface, including the administrative VLAN.
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rep block port
rep block port
To configure Resilient Ethernet Protocol (REP) VLAN load balancing, use the rep block port command
in interface configuration mode on the REP primary edge port. To return to the default configuration, use
the no form of this command.
rep block port {id port-id | neighbor_offset | preferred} vlan {vlan-list | all}
no rep block port {id port-id | neighbor_offset | preferred}
Syntax Description
id port-id
Identifies the VLAN blocking alternate port by entering the unique port ID that is
automatically generated when REP is enabled. The REP port ID is a 16-character
hexadecimal value. You can view the port ID for an interface by entering the show
interface interface-id rep detail command.
neighbor_offset
Identifies the VLAN blocking alternate port by entering the offset number of a
neighbor. The range is –256 to +256; a value of 0 is invalid. The primary edge port
has an offset number of 1; positive numbers above 1 identify downstream
neighbors of the primary edge port. Negative numbers identify the secondary edge
port (offset number -1) and its downstream neighbors.
preferred
Identify the VLAN blocking alternate port as the segment port on which you
entered the rep segment segment-id preferred interface configuration command.
Note
Defaults
Entering the preferred keyword does not ensure that the preferred port is
the alternate port; it gives it preference over other similar ports.
vlan
Identifies the VLANs to be blocked.
vlan-list
Specifies a VLAN ID from 1 to 4094 or a range or sequence of VLANs (such as
1-3, 22, 41-44) of VLANs to be blocked.
all
Specifies to block all VLANs.
The default behavior after you enter the rep preempt segment privileged EXEC command (for manual
preemption) is to block all VLANs at the primary edge port. This behavior remains until you configure
the rep block port command.
If the primary edge port cannot determine which port is to be the alternate port, the default action is no
preemption and no VLAN load balancing.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You must enter this command on the REP primary edge port.
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rep block port
When you select an alternate port by entering an offset number, this number identifies the downstream
neighbor port of an edge port. The primary edge port has an offset number of 1; positive numbers above
1 identify downstream neighbors of the primary edge port. Negative numbers identify the secondary
edge port (offset number -1) and its downstream neighbors. See Figure 2-1.
Figure 2-1
Neighbor Offset Numbers in a REP Segment
-1
-9 2
E1
1
E2
10
E1 = Primary edge port
E2 = Secondary edge port
9
Offset numbers from the primary edge port
Offset numbers from the secondary edge
port (negative numbers)
8 -3
-8 3
7
-7
5
-6
6
-4
201890
4
Note
-2
-5
You would never enter an offset value of 1 because that is the offset number of the primary edge port
itself.
If you have configured a preempt delay time by entering the rep preempt delay seconds interface
configuration command and a link failure and recovery occurs, VLAN load balancing begins after the
configured preemption time period elapses without another link failure. The alternate port specified in
the load-balancing configuration blocks the configured VLANs and unblocks all other segment ports. If
the primary edge port cannot determine the alternate port for VLAN balancing, the default action is no
preemption.
Each port in a segment has a unique port ID. The port ID format is similar to the one used by the spanning
tree algorithm: a port number (unique on the bridge) associated to a MAC address (unique in the
network). To determine the port ID of a port, enter the show interface interface-id rep detail privileged
EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure REP VLAN load balancing on the Switch B primary edge port
(Gigabit Ethernet port 0/1) and to configure Gigabit Ethernet port 0/2 of Switch A as the alternate port
to block VLANs 1 to 100. The alternate port is identified by its port ID, shown in bold in the output of
the show interface rep detail command for the Switch A port.
Switch A# show interface gigabitethernet0/2 rep detail
GigabitEthernet0/2 REP enabled
Segment-id: 2 (Segment)
PortID: 0080001647FB1780
Preferred flag: No
Operational Link Status: TWO_WAY
Current Key: 007F001647FB17800EEE
Port Role: Open
Blocked Vlan: <empty>
Admin-vlan: 1
Preempt Delay Timer: 35 sec
Load-balancing block port: none
Load-balancing block vlan: none
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rep block port
STCN Propagate to:
PDU/TLV statistics:
LSL PDU rx: 107122, tx: 192493
Switch
Switch
Switch
Switch
B# config t
(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
(config-if)# rep block port id 0080001647FB1780 vlan 1-100
(config-if)# exit
This example shows how to configure VLAN load balancing by using a neighbor offset number and how
to verify the configuration by entering the show interfaces rep detail privileged EXEC command:
Switch# config t
Switch (config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch (config-if)# rep block port 6 vlan 1-110
Switch (config-if)# end
Switch# show interface gigabitethernet0/2 rep detail
GigabitEthernet0/2 REP enabled
Segment-id: 2 (Segment)
PortID: 0080001647FB1780
Preferred flag: No
Operational Link Status: TWO_WAY
Current Key: 007F001647FB178009C3
Port Role: Open
Blocked Vlan: <empty>
Admin-vlan: 3
Preempt Delay Timer: 35 sec
Load-balancing block port: 6
Load-balancing block vlan: 1-110
STCN Propagate to: none
LSL PDU rx: 1466780, tx: 3056637
HFL PDU rx: 2, tx: 0
BPA TLV rx: 1, tx: 2119695
BPA (STCN, LSL) TLV rx: 0, tx: 0
BPA (STCN, HFL) TLV rx: 0, tx: 0
EPA-ELECTION TLV rx: 757406, tx: 757400
EPA-COMMAND TLV rx: 1, tx: 1
EPA-INFO TLV rx: 178326, tx: 178323
Related Commands
Command
Description
rep preempt delay
Configures a waiting period after a segment port failure and recovery before
REP VLAN load balancing is triggered.
rep preempt segment
Manually starts REP VLAN load balancing on a segment.
show interfaces rep
detail
Displays REP detailed configuration and status for all interfaces or the
specified interface, including the administrative VLAN.
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rep lsl-age-timer
rep lsl-age-timer
To configure the Link Status Layer (LSL) age timer for the time period that the Resilient Ethernet
Protocol (REP) interface remains up without receiving a hello from the REP neighbor, use the rep
lsl-age-timer command in interface configuration mode on a REP port. To return to the default time, use
the no form of this command.
rep lsl-age timer value
no rep lsl-age timer
Syntax Description
value
Defaults
The REP link shuts down if it does not receive a hello message from a neighbor for 5000 ms.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The age-out time in milliseconds. The range is from 920 to 10000 ms in 40-ms
increments. The default is 5000 ms (5 seconds).
The LSL hello timer is set to the age-timer value divided by 3 so that there should be at least two LSL
hellos sent during the LSL age timer period. If no hellos are received within that time, the REP link shuts
down.
In Cisco IOS Release 12.2(52)SE, the LSL age-timer range changed from 3000 to 10000 ms in 500-ms
increments to 120 to 10000 ms in 40-ms increments. If the REP neighbor device is not running Cisco
IOS Release 12.2(52)SE or later, you must use the shorter time range because the device does not accept
values out of the earlier range.
EtherChannel port channel interfaces do not support LSL age-timer values less than 1000 ms. If you try
to configure a value less than 1000 ms on a port channel, you receive an error message and the command
is rejected.
You can verify the configured ageout time by entering the show interfaces rep detail privileged EXEC
command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure the REP LSL age timer on a REP link to 7000 ms:
Switch (config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch (config-if)# rep lsl-age-timer 7000
Switch (config-if)# exit
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rep lsl-age-timer
Related Commands
Command
Description
show interfaces rep
[detail]
Displays REP configuration and status for all interfaces or the specified
interface, including the configured LSL age-out timer value.
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rep preempt delay
rep preempt delay
To configure a waiting period after a segment port failure and recovery before Resilient Ethernet
Protocol (REP) VLAN load balancing is triggered, use the rep preempt delay command in interface
configuration mode on the REP primary edge port. To remove the configured delay, use the no form of
this command.
rep preempt delay seconds
no rep preempt delay
Syntax Description
seconds
Defaults
No preemption delay is set. If you do not enter the rep preempt delay command, the default is manual
preemption with no delay.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Sets the number of seconds to delay REP preemption. The range is 15 to 300.
You must enter this command on the REP primary edge port.
You must enter this command and configure a preempt time delay if you want VLAN load balancing to
automatically trigger after a link failure and recovery.
If VLAN load balancing is configured, after a segment port failure and recovery, the REP primary edge
port starts a delay timer before VLAN load balancing occurs. Note that the timer restarts after each link
failure. When the timer expires, the REP primary edge alerts the alternate port to perform VLAN load
balancing (configured by using the rep block port interface configuration command) and prepares the
segment for the new topology. The configured VLAN list is blocked at the alternate port, and all other
VLANs are blocked at the primary edge port.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show interfaces rep privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure a REP preemption time delay of 100 seconds on the primary edge
port:
Switch (config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch (config-if)# rep preempt delay 100
Switch (config-if)# exit
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rep preempt delay
Related Commands
Command
Description
rep block port
Configures VLAN load balancing.
show interfaces rep Displays REP configuration and status for all interfaces or a specified interface.
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rep preempt segment
rep preempt segment
To manually start Resilient Ethernet Protocol (REP) VLAN load balancing on a segment, use the rep
preempt segment command in privileged EXEC mode.
rep preempt segment segment_id
Syntax Description
segment-id
Defaults
Manual preemption is the default behavior.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
ID of the REP segment. The range is from 1 to 1024.
When you enter the rep preempt segment segment-id command, a confirmation message appears before
the command is executed because preemption can cause network disruption.
Enter this command on the switch on the segment that has the primary edge port.
If you do not configure VLAN load balancing, entering this command results in the default
behavior—the primary edge port blocks all VLANs.
You configure VLAN load balancing by entering the rep block port {id port-id | neighbor_offset |
preferred} vlan {vlan-list | all} interface configuration command on the REP primary edge port before
you manually start preemption.
There is not a no version of this command.
Examples
This example shows how to manually trigger REP preemption on segment 100 with the confirmation
message:
Switch)# rep preempt segment 100
The command will cause a momentary traffic disruption.
Do you still want to continue? [confirm]
Related Commands
Command
Description
rep block port
Configures VLAN load balancing.
show interfaces rep [detail] Displays REP configuration and status for all interfaces or the specified
interface.
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rep segment
rep segment
To enable Resilient Ethernet Protocol (REP) on an interface and to assign a segment ID to it, use the rep
segment command in interface configuration mode. To disable REP on the interface, use the no form of
this command.
rep segment segment-id [edge [no-neighbor] [primary]] [preferred]
no rep segment
Syntax Description
segment-id
Assigns a segment ID to the interface. The range is from 1 to 1024.
edge
(Optional) Identifies the interface as one of the two REP edge ports. Entering the
edge keyword without the primary keyword configures the port as the secondary
edge port.
no-neighbor
(Optional) Configures a segment edge with no external REP neighbor.
primary
(Optional) On an edge port, specifies that the port is the primary edge port. A
segment has only one primary edge port. If you configure two ports in a segment as
the primary edge port, for example ports on different switches, the REP selects one
of them to serve as the segment primary edge port.
preferred
(Optional) Specifies that the port is the preferred alternate port or the preferred port
for VLAN load balancing.
Note
Defaults
Configuring a port as preferred does not guarantee that it becomes the
alternate port; it merely gives it a slight edge among equal contenders. The
alternate port is usually a previously failed port.
REP is disabled on the interface.
When REP is enabled on an interface, the default is for the port to be a regular segment port.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
REP ports must be Layer 2 trunk ports.
REP ports should not be configured as access ports.
You must configure two edge ports on each REP segment, a primary edge port and a port to act as a
secondary edge port. If you configure two ports in a segment as the primary edge port, for example ports
on different switches, the configuration is allowed, but the REP selects one of them to serve as the
segment primary edge port.
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rep segment
•
REP ports follow these rules:
– There is no limit to the number of REP ports on a switch; however, only two ports on a switch
can belong to the same REP segment.
– If only one port on a switch is configured in a segment, the port should be an edge port.
– If two ports on a switch belong to the same segment, they must be both edge ports, both regular
segment ports, or one regular port and one edge no-neighbor port. An edge port and regular
segment port on a switch cannot belong to the same segment.
– If two ports on a switch belong to the same segment and one is configured as an edge port and
one as a regular segment port (a misconfiguration), the edge port is treated as a regular segment
port.
If you configure two ports in a segment as the primary edge port, for example ports on different switches,
the REP selects one of them to serve as the segment primary edge port. Enter the show rep topology
privileged EXEC command on a port in the segment to verify which port is the segment primary edge
port.
REP interfaces come up in a blocked state and remain in a blocked state until notified that it is safe to
unblock. You need to be aware of this to avoid sudden connection losses.
You should configure REP only in networks with redundancy. Configuring REP in a network without
redundancy causes loss of connectivity.
In networks where ports on a neighboring switch do not support REP, you can configure the non-REP
facing ports as edge no-neighbor ports. These ports inherit all properties of edge ports and you can
configure them as any other edge port, including to send STP or REP topology change notices to the
aggregation switch. In this case, the STP topology change notice (TCN) that is sent is a multiple
spanning-tree (MST) STP message.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show interfaces rep privileged EXEC command. To
verify which port in the segment is the primary edge port, enter the show rep topology privileged EXEC
command.
Examples
This example shows how to enable REP on a regular (nonedge) segment port:
Switch (config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch (config-if)# rep segment 100
This example shows how to enable REP on a port and to identify the port as the REP primary edge port:
Switch (config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch (config-if)# rep segment 100 edge primary
This example shows how to configure the same configuration when the interface has no external REP
neighbor:
Switch# configure terminal
Switch (conf)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch (conf-if)# rep segment 100 edge no-neighbor primary
This example shows how to enable REP on a port and to identify the port as the REP secondary edge port:
Switch (config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch (config-if)# rep segment 100 edge
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rep segment
Related Commands
Command
Description
show interfaces rep
[detail]
Displays REP configuration and status for all interfaces or the specified
interface.
show rep topology
[detail]
Displays information about all ports in the segment, including which one was
configured and selected as the primary edge port.
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rep stcn
rep stcn
To configure a port to send Resilient Ethernet Protocol (REP) segment topology change notifications
(STCNs) to another interface, to other segments, or to Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) networks, use the
rep stcn command in interface configuration mode on a REP edge port. To disable the sending of STCNs
to the interface, segment, or STP network, use the no form of this command.
rep stcn {interface interface-id | segment id-list | stp}
no rep stcn {interface | segment | stp}
Syntax Description
interface interface-id Identifies a physical interface or port channel to receive STCNs.
segment id-list
Identifies one REP segment or list of segments to receive STCNs. The range is
1 to 1024. You can also configure a sequence of segments (for example 3-5, 77,
100).
stp
Sends STCNs to an STP network.
Defaults
Transmission of STCNs to other interfaces, segments, or STP networks is disabled.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Enter this command on a segment edge port.
You use this command to notify other portions of the Layer 2 network of topology changes that occur in
the local REP segment. This removes obsolete entries in the Layer 2 forwarding table in other parts of
the network, which allows faster network convergence.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show interfaces rep detail privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure the REP primary edge port to send STCNs to segments 25 to 50:
Switch (config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch (config-if)# rep stcn segment 25-50
Switch (config-if)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
show interfaces rep
[detail]
Displays REP configuration and status for all interfaces or the specified
interface.
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reserved-only
reserved-only
To allocate only reserved addresses in the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) address pool,
use the reserved-only command in DHCP pool configuration mode. to return to the default, use the no
form of the command.
reserved-only
no reserved-only
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Defaults
The default is to not restrict pool addresses
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Entering the reserved-only command restricts assignments from the DHCP pool to preconfigured
reservations. Unreserved addresses that are part of the network or on pool ranges are not offered to the
client, and other clients are not served by the pool.
By entering this command, users can configure a group of switches with DHCP pools that share a
common IP subnet and that ignore requests from clients of other switches.
To access DHCP pool configuration mode, enter the ip dhcp pool name global configuration command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure the DHCP pool to allocate only reserved addresses:
Switch# config t
Enter configuration commands, one per line.
Switch(config)# ip dhcp pool test1
Switch(dhcp-config)# reserved-only
End with CNTL/Z.
You can verify your settings by entering the show ip dhcp pool privileged EXEC command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show ip dhcp pool
Displays the DHCP address pools.
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rmon collection stats
rmon collection stats
To collect Ethernet group statistics, which include usage statistics about broadcast and multicast packets,
and error statistics about cyclic redundancy check (CRC) alignment errors and collisions, use the rmon
collection stats command in interface configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the no
form of this command.
rmon collection stats index [owner name]
no rmon collection stats index [owner name]
Syntax Description
index
Remote Network Monitoring (RMON) collection control index. The range is
1 to 65535.
owner name
(Optional) Owner of the RMON collection.
Defaults
The RMON statistics collection is disabled.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The RMON statistics collection command is based on hardware counters.
Examples
This example shows how to collect RMON statistics for the owner root:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# rmon collection stats 2 owner root
Related Commands
Command
Description
show rmon statistics
Displays RMON statistics.
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service instance
service instance
To configure an Ethernet service instance on the interface and to enter Ethernet service-instance
configuration mode, use the service instance command in interface configuration mode. To delete the
service instance, use the no form of this command.
service instance id ethernet [evc-id]
no service instance id
Syntax Description
id
Defines a service instance identifier, a per-interface service identifier that
does not map to a VLAN. The range is 1 to 4000.
ethernet
Identifies the service instance as an Ethernet instance.
evc-id
(Optional) Attaches an Ethernet virtual connection (EVC) to the service
instance.
Defaults
No Ethernet service instances are defined.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
After you enter the service instance id ethernet command, the switch enters Ethernet service
configuration mode, and these configuration commands are available:
•
default—sets the service instance to its default state.
•
description—adds a specific description for the service instance.
•
encapsulation—configures Ethernet frame match criteria.
•
errdisable recovery cause mac-security—configure the error disable recovery timer interval from
a MAC security violation.
•
ethernet lmi ce-vlan map—configures Ethernet Local Management Interface (LMI) parameters.
See the ethernet lmi ce-vlan map command.
•
exit: exits EVC configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.
•
l2prototol {peer | tunnel}—configures Layer 2 control protocol processing.
•
mac security—configures MAC address security.
•
no— negates a command or returns a command to its default setting.
•
service-policy—attach a policy map to the EFP.
•
shutdown—shuts down the EFP (no shutdown brings up the EFP)
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service instance
Examples
This example shows how to define an Ethernet service instance and to enter Ethernet service
configuration mode for EVC test:
Switch(config-if)# service instance 333 ethernet test
Switch(config-if-srv)#
Related Commands
Command
Description
show ethernet service
instance
Displays information about configured Ethernet service instances.
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service password-recovery
service password-recovery
To enable the password-recovery mechanism (the default), use the service password-recovery
command in global configuration mode. This mechanism allows an end user with physical access to the
switch to press the break key on the console terminal to interrupt the boot process while the switch is
powering up and to assign a new password.
To disable part of the password-recovery functionality, use the no form of this command. When the
password-recovery mechanism is disabled, interrupting the boot process is allowed only if the user
agrees to set the system back to the default configuration.
service password-recovery
no service password-recovery
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Defaults
The password-recovery mechanism is enabled.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
As a system administrator, you can use the no service password-recovery command to disable some of
the functionality of the password recovery feature by allowing an end user to reset a password only by
agreeing to return to the default configuration. This provides configuration file security by ensuring that
only authenticated and authorized users have access to the configuration file and prevents users from
accessing the configuration file by using the password recovery process.
The password recovery procedure requires using a break key. After the switch performs power-on self
test (POST), the switch begins the autoboot process. The boot loader prompts the user for a break key
character during the boot-up sequence, as shown in this example:
***** The system will autoboot in 5 seconds *****
Send a break key to prevent autobooting.
You must enter the break key on the console terminal within 5 seconds of receiving the message that the
system will autoboot. A user with physical access to the switch presses the break key on the console terminal
within 5 seconds of receiving the message that flash memory is initializing. The System LED flashes
green until the break key is accepted. After the break key is accepted, the System LED turns off until
after the switch boots.
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service password-recovery
If the password-recovery mechanism is disabled, this message appears:
The password-recovery mechanism has been triggered, but
is currently disabled. Access to the boot loader prompt
through the password-recovery mechanism is disallowed at
this point. However, if you agree to let the system be
reset back to the default system configuration, access
to the boot loader prompt can still be allowed.
Would you like to reset the system back to the default configuration (y/n)?
If the user chooses not to reset the system to the default configuration, the normal boot process continues
as if the break key had not been pressed. If you choose to reset the system to the default configuration,
the configuration file in flash memory is deleted, and the VLAN database file, flash:vlan.dat (if present),
is deleted.
Note
If you use the no service password-recovery command to control end user access to passwords, we
recommend that you save a copy of the configuration file in a location away from the switch in case the
end user uses the password recovery procedure and sets the system back to default values. Do not keep
a backup copy of the configuration file on the switch.
You can enter the show version privileged EXEC command to determine if password recovery is enabled
or disabled.
Examples
This example shows how to disable password recovery on a switch so that a user can only reset a
password by agreeing to return to the default configuration.
Switch(config)# no service-password recovery
Switch(config)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
show version
Displays version information for the hardware and firmware.
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service-policy (interface and service-instance configuration modes)
service-policy (interface and service-instance configuration
modes)
To apply a policy map defined by the policy-map command to the incoming or outgoing traffic of a
target, use the service-policy command in interface configuration mode or service-instance
configuration mode. To remove the policy map and port association, use the no form of this command.
service-policy {input | output} policy-map-name
no service-policy {input | output} policy-map-name
Syntax Description
input
Applies the policy map to the input of a target (physical port or Ethernet
flow point (EFP) service instance.
output
Applies the policy map to the output of a target.
policy-map-name
The specified policy map to be applied.
Defaults
No policy maps are attached to the port or service instance.
Command Modes
Interface configuration or service-instance configuration mode
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Only one input policy map and one output policy map can be attached to a target, which can be a physical
interface or Ethernet flow point service instance.
The switch supports a limit of three unique queue-limit configurations across all output policy maps at
any time. Multiple policy maps can share the same queue-limit configuration.If you try to attach an
output policy map with a fourth unique queue-limit configuration, you see this error message:
QoS: Configuration failed. Maximum number of allowable unique queue-limit
configurations exceeded.
You can attach input or output policy maps to a Gigabit Ethernet port 10 Gigabit Ethernet port or to a
service instance. You cannot attach policy maps to switch virtual interfaces (SVIs) and EtherChannel
interfaces.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show running-config privileged EXEC command.
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service-policy (interface and service-instance configuration modes)
Examples
This example shows how to apply plcmap1 as an output policy map to a port:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# service-policy output plcmap1
This example shows how to remove plcmap2 from a port:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch(config-if)# no service-policy output plcmap2
This example shows how to apply plcmap1 as an output policy map to a service instance:
Switch (config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch (config-if)# service instance 1 Ethernet
Switch (config-if-srv)# service-policy output plcmap1
Related Commands
Command
Description
policy-map
Creates or modifies a policy map that can be attached to multiple ports to
specify a service policy.
show policy-map
Displays quality of service (QoS) policy maps.
show policy-map
interface [interface-id]
Displays policy maps configured on the specified interface or on all
interfaces.
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
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set cos
set cos
To set a Layer 2 class of service (CoS) value in the packet, use the set cos command in policy-map class
configuration mode. To remove traffic marking, use the no form of this command.
set cos cos_value
no set cos cos_value
Syntax Description
cos_value
Defaults
No traffic marking is defined.
Command Modes
Policy-map class configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Enters an IEEE 802.1Q class of service/user priority value with which
to classify traffic. The range is from 0 to 7.
You can configure set cos with all other marking actions, specifically set dscp, set discard-class, set
mpls, set precedence, and set qos-group, for the same class.
Use the set cos command if you want to mark a packet that is being sent to a switch. Switches can
leverage Layer 2 header information including a CoS value marking.
You can use the match cos class-map configuration command and the set cos policy-map class
configuration command together to allow switches to interoperate and provide quality of service (QoS)
based on the CoS markings. You can also configure Layer 2 to Layer 3 mapping by matching on the CoS
value because switches can already match and set CoS values.
You can verify your settings by entering the show policy-map privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to set all FTP traffic to cos 3:
Switch(config)# policy-map policy_ftp
Switch(config-pmap)# class ftp_class
Switch(config-pmap-c)# set cos 3
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
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set cos
Related Commands
Command
Description
class
Defines a traffic classification match criteria for the specified class-map name.
policy-map
Creates or modifies a policy map that can be attached to multiple ports to
specify a service policy.
show policy-map
Displays QoS policy maps.
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set discard-class
set discard-class
To classify packets by entering the exact value to be marked for traffic to be discarded, use the set
discard-class command in policy-map class configuration mode. To remove the discard-class value, use
the no form of this command.
set discard-class value
no discard-class value
Syntax Description
value
Sets the value to be marked for discarding traffic. The range is from 0
to 7.
Defaults
No traffic marking is defined.
Command Modes
Policy-map class configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can configure set discard-class with all other marking actions, specifically set cos, set dscp, set
mpls, set precedence, and set qos-group, for the same class.
To return to policy-map configuration mode, use the exit command. To return to privileged EXEC mode,
use the end command.
You can verify your settings by entering the show policy-map privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to set all FTP traffic with a discard value of 5:
Switch(config)# policy-map policy_ftp
Switch(config-pmap)# class ftp_class
Switch(config-pmap-c)# set discard-class 5
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
class
Defines a traffic classification match criteria for the specified class-map name.
policy-map
Creates or modifies a policy map that can be attached to multiple ports to
specify a service policy.
show policy-map
Displays QoS policy maps.
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set dscp
set dscp
To mark IPv4 traffic by setting a Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) value in the type of service
(ToS) byte of the packet, use the set [ip] dscp command in policy-map class configuration mode. To
remove the traffic marking, use the no form of this command.
set [ip] dscp dscp_value
no set [ip] dscp dscp_value
Note
Entering ip dscp is the same as entering dscp.
Syntax Description
dscp-value
Defaults
No traffic marking is defined.
Command Modes
Policy-map class configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Specifies a DSCP value with which to classify traffic. The range is
from 0 to 63. You also can enter a mnemonic name for a commonly
used value.
You can configure set dscp with other marking actions, specifically set cos, set discard-class, set mpls,
and set qos-group, for the same class.
You cannot use the set dscp command with the set precedence command to mark the same packet.
DSCP values and IP precedence values are mutually exclusive. A packet can have one value or the other,
but not both.
After DSCP bits are set, other quality of service (QoS) features can then operate on the bit settings.
The network gives priority (or some type of expedited handling) to marked traffic. Typically, you set the
DSCP value at the edge of the network (or administrative domain) and data is then queued according to
the precedence. Class-based weighted fair queuing (CBWFQ) can speed up handling for
high-precedence traffic at congestion points. Weighted Tail Drop (WTD) ensures that high-precedence
traffic has lower loss rates than other traffic during times of congestion.
Instead of using numeric values, you can also specify the dscp-value by using the reserved keywords EF,
AF11, and AF12.
You can verify your settings by entering the show policy-map privileged EXEC command.
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set dscp
Examples
This example shows how to set all FTP traffic to DSCP 10:
Switch(config)# policy-map policy_ftp
Switch(config-pmap)# class ftp_class
Switch(config-pmap-c)# set dscp 10
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
class
Defines a traffic classification match criteria for the specified class-map name.
policy-map
Creates or modifies a policy map that can be attached to multiple ports to
specify a service policy.
show policy-map
Displays QoS policy maps.
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set mpls
set mpls
To set an multiprotocol label switching (MPLS) experimental (EXP) value in the inbound packet to
classify packets, use the set mpls command in policy-map class configuration mode. To remove the
group MPLS value, use the no form of this command.
set mpls experimental {imposition | topmost} experimental _value
no set mpls experimental {imposition | topmost} experimental _value
Syntax Description
imposition
Specifies that the MPLS experimental value is set at tag imposition. This means
that the MPLS value in a packet header is set with the new value after the packet
is switched. This applies only to MPLS packets that are MPLS routed, but to all
MPLS tags that are imposed by the switch.
topmost
Specifies that the MPLS experimental value is set for the outermost or topmost
label. This marks all valid MPLS packets.
experimental _value
Sets the MPLS value to use to classify traffic. The range is from 0 to 7.
Defaults
No traffic marking is defined.
Command Modes
Policy-map class configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can configure set mpls with all other marking actions, specifically set cos, set discard-class, set
dscp, set qos-group, and set precedence, for the same class.
In an MPLS network, packet IP precedence bits are copied into the MPLS EXP field at the edge of the
network. If a service provider wants to set a QoS value for an MPLS packet to a different value, instead
of overwriting the value in the IP precedence field that belongs to a customer, the service provider can
set the MPLS experimental field. The IP header remains available for the customer’s use, and the QoS
of an IP packet is not changed as the packet travels through the MPLS network.
To return to policy-map configuration mode, use the exit command. To return to privileged EXEC mode,
use the end command.
You can verify your settings by entering the show policy-map privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to classify all MPLS packets with a value of 5:
Switch(config)# policy-map policy_ftp
Switch(config-pmap)# class mpls_class
Switch(config-pmap-c)# set mpls topmost 5
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
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set mpls
Related Commands
Command
Description
class
Defines a traffic classification match criteria for the specified class-map
name.
policy-map
Creates or modifies a policy map that can be attached to multiple ports to
specify a service policy.
show policy-map
Displays QoS policy maps.
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set network-clocks
set network-clocks
To force selection of a particular Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) network clock or to configure automatic
clock selection, use the set network-clocks command in privileged EXEC mode.
set network-clocks {automatic | force-select | next-select}
Note
Syntax Description
There is not a no version of this command.
automatic
Selects automatic clock selection. The clock with the highest priority
is always automatically selected as the input clock.
force-select
Forces the system to reselect a valid network clock with the highest
priority.
next-select
Forces the system to select the valid clock with the next highest
priority.
Defaults
The default is automatic.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The input network clock reference selection can be forced or automatically selected using an algorithm
based on the highest priority valid input clock.
•
In revertive mode, the forced clock automatically becomes the selected reference.
•
In non-revertive mode, the forced clock is selected only with the existing reference is invalidated or
made unavailable.
You use the network-clock-select mode {nonrevert | revert} global configuration command to set the
mode.
You can use set network-clocks next-select command to scroll through the set of available clocks.
After you force the network clock selection by entering the set network-clocks force-select or set
network-clocks next-select command, the system remains locked to the selected clock even if it
becomes invalid.
You can verify your settings by entering the show network-clock privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to set clock selection to automatic:
Switch# set network-clocks automatic
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set network-clocks
Related Commands
Command
Description
network-clock-select
Configures the network clock for the switch.
show network-clocks
Displays SyncE configuration on the switch.
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set precedence
set precedence
To mark IPv4 traffic by setting an IP-precedence value in the packet, use the set [ip] precedence
command in policy-map class configuration mode. To remove traffic marking, use the no form of this
command.
set [ip] precedence precedence_value
no set [ip] precedence precedence_value
Note
Syntax Description
Entering ip precedence is the same as entering precedence.
precedence_value
Specifies an IPv4 precedence value with which to classify traffic. The
range is 0 to 7. You also can enter a mnemonic name for a commonly
used value.
•
0 to 7—Enter up to 4 precedence values separated by spaces.
•
critical—Match packets with critical precedence (5).
•
flash—Match packets with flash precedence (3).
•
flash-override—Match packets with flash override precedence
(4).
•
immediate—Match packets with immediate precedence (2).
•
internet—Match packets with internetwork control precedence
(6).
•
network—Match packets with network control precedence (7).
•
priority—Match packets with priority precedence (1).
•
routine—Match packets with routine precedence (0).
Defaults
No traffic marking is defined.
Command Modes
Policy-map class configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can configure set precedence with other marking actions, specifically set cos, set discard-class,
set mpls, and set qos-group, for the same class.
You cannot use the set precedence command with the set dscp command to mark the same packet.
DSCP values and IP precedence values are mutually exclusive. A packet can have one value of the other,
but not both.
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set precedence
After precedence bits are set, other quality of service (QoS) features can then operate on the bit settings.
The network gives priority (or some type of expedited handling) to marked traffic. Typically, you set the
precedence value at the edge of the network (or administrative domain) and data is then queued
according to the precedence. Class-based weighted fair queuing (CBWFQ) can speed up handling for
high-precedence traffic at congestion points. Weighted Tail Drop (WTD) ensures that high-precedence
traffic has lower loss rates than other traffic during times of congestion.
You can verify your settings by entering the show policy-map privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to give all FTP traffic an IP precedence value of 5:
Switch(config)# policy-map policy_ftp
Switch(config-pmap)# class ftp_class
Switch(config-pmap-c)# set precedence 5
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
class
Defines a traffic classification match criteria for the specified class-map name.
policy-map
Creates or modifies a policy map that can be attached to multiple ports to
specify a service policy.
show policy-map
Displays QoS policy maps.
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set qos-group
set qos-group
To set a quality of service (QoS) group identifier that can be used later to classify packets, use the set
qos-group command in policy-map class configuration mode. To remove the group identifier, use the no
form of this command.
set qos-group value
no set qos-group value
Syntax Description
value
Sets the QoS group value to use to classify traffic. The range is from 0
to 99.
Defaults
No traffic marking is defined.
Command Modes
Policy-map class configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can configure set qos-group with all other marking actions, specifically set cos, set discard-class,
set dscp, set mpls, and set precedence, for the same class.
Use this command to associate a QoS group value with a traffic flow as it enters the switch, which can
then be used in an output policy map to identify the flow.
A maximum of 100 QoS groups (0 through 99) is supported on the switch.
To return to policy-map configuration mode, use the exit command. To return to privileged EXEC mode,
use the end command.
You can verify your settings by entering the show policy-map privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to set all FTP traffic to QoS group 5:
Switch(config)# policy-map policy_ftp
Switch(config-pmap)# class ftp_class
Switch(config-pmap-c)# set qos-group 5
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
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set qos-group
Related Commands
Command
Description
class
Defines a traffic classification match criteria for the specified class-map name.
policy-map
Creates or modifies a policy map that can be attached to multiple ports to
specify a service policy.
show policy-map
Displays QoS policy maps.
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setup
setup
To configure the switch with its initial configuration, use the setup command in privileged EXEC mode.
setup
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
When you use the setup command, make sure that you have this information:
•
IP address and network mask
•
Password strategy for your environment
When you enter the setup command, an interactive dialog, called the System Configuration Dialog,
appears. It guides you through the configuration process and prompts you for information. The values
shown in brackets next to each prompt are the default values last set by using either the setup command
facility or the configure privileged EXEC command.
Help text is provided for each prompt. To access help text, press the question mark (?) key at a prompt.
To return to the privileged EXEC prompt without making changes and without running through the entire
System Configuration Dialog, press Ctrl-C.
When you complete your changes, the setup program shows you the configuration command script that
was created during the setup session. You can save the configuration in NVRAM or return to the setup
program or the command-line prompt without saving it.
Examples
This is an example of output from the setup command:
Switch# setup
--- System Configuration Dialog --Continue with configuration dialog? [yes/no]: yes
At any point you may enter a question mark '?' for help.
Use ctrl-c to abort configuration dialog at any prompt.
Default settings are in square brackets '[]'.
Basic management setup configures only enough connectivity
for management of the system, extended setup will ask you
to configure each interface on the system.
Would you like to enter basic management setup? [yes/no]: yes
Configuring global parameters:
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setup
Enter host name [Switch]:host-name
The enable secret is a password used to protect access to
privileged EXEC and configuration modes. This password, after
entered, becomes encrypted in the configuration.
Enter enable secret: enable-secret-password
The enable password is used when you do not specify an
enable secret password, with some older software versions, and
some boot images.
Enter enable password: enable-password
The virtual terminal password is used to protect
access to the router over a network interface.
Enter virtual terminal password: terminal-password
Configure SNMP Network Management? [no]: yes
Community string [public]:
Current interface summary
Any interface listed with OK? value “NO” does not have a valid configuration
Interface
Vlan1
IP-Address
172.20.135.202
OK? Method Status
YES NVRAM up
Protocol
up
GigabitEthernet0/1
unassigned
YES unset
up
up
GigabitEthernet0/2
unassigned
YES unset
up
down
unassigned
YES unset
up
down
<output truncated>
Port-channel1
Enter interface name used to connect to the
management network from the above interface summary: vlan1
Configuring interface vlan1:
Configure IP on this interface? [yes]: yes
IP address for this interface: ip_address
Subnet mask for this interface [255.0.0.0]: subnet_mask
The following configuration command script was created:
hostname host-name
enable secret 5 $1$LiBw$0Xc1wyT.PXPkuhFwqyhVi0
enable password enable-password
line vty 0 15
password terminal-password
snmp-server community public
!
no ip routing
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
no ip address
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/2
no ip address
!
end
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setup
Use this configuration? [yes/no]: yes
!
[0] Go to the IOS command prompt without saving this config.
[1] Return back to the setup without saving this config.
[2] Save this configuration to nvram and exit.
Enter your selection [2]:
Related Commands
Command
Description
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
show version
Displays version information for the hardware and firmware.
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shape average
shape average
To configure class-based or port shaping by specifying the average traffic shaping rate or percentage, use
the shape average command in policy-map class configuration mode. To set port shaping, use the
command with the class class-default. To remove traffic shaping, use the no form of this command.
shape average {target bps | percent value}
no shape average {target bps | percent value}
Syntax Description
target bps
Sets the target average rate in bits per second (bps). The range is
from 1000 to 1000000000.
percent value
Sets the percentage of interface bandwidth. The range is 0 to 100
percent. The percentage is calculated based on the peak information
rate (PIR) of the parent class. If there is no configured PIR at any
level, this is the percentage of the interface speed. Setting the
percent to 0 disables shaping.
Defaults
No traffic shaping is defined.
Command Modes
Policy-map class configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You use the shape average policy-map class command to control output traffic. Shaping is not supported
in input policy maps.
Traffic shaping limits the rate of transmission of data. Configuring traffic shaping for a user-defined
class or class-default for class-based shaping sets the peak information rate (PIR) for that class.
Configuring traffic shaping for the class class-default when it is the only class in the policy map that is
attached to an interface sets the PIR for the interface (port shaping).
You cannot configure shape average in a class that includes priority queueing (configured with the
priority policy-map class configuration command).
The shape average command uses a default queue limit for the class. You can change the queue limit by
using the queue-limit policy-map class command, overriding the default that is set by the shape average
command.
Port shaping is applied to all traffic leaving an interface. It uses a policy map with only class default
when the maximum bandwidth for the port is specified by using the shape average command. A child
policy can be attached to the class-default in a hierarchical policy map format to specify class-based and
VLAN-based actions.
To return to policy-map configuration mode, use the exit command. To return to privileged EXEC mode,
use the end command.
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shape average
You can verify your settings by entering the show policy-map privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure traffic shaping for outgoing traffic on a Gigabit Ethernet port so
that outclass1, outclass2, and outclass3 get a maximum of 50, 20, and 10 Mb/s of the available port
bandwidth.
Switch(config)# policy-map out-policy
Switch(config-pmap)# class classout1
Switch(config-pmap-c)# shape average 50000000
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# class classout2
Switch(config-pmap-c)# shape average 20000000
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# class classout3
Switch(config-pmap-c)# shape average 10000000
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# exit
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# service-policy output out-policy
Switch(config-if)# exit
This example shows how to configure port shaping by configuring a hierarchical policy map that shapes
a port to 90 Mb/s, allocated according to the out-policy policy map configured in the previous example.
Switch(config)# policy-map out-policy-parent
Switch(config-pmap)# class class-default
Switch(config-pmap-c)# shape average 90000000
Switch(config-pmap-c)# service-policy out-policy
Switch(config-pmap-c)# exit
Switch(config-pmap)# exit
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# service-policy output out-policy-parent
Switch(config-if)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
class
Defines a traffic classification match criteria for the specified class-map
name.
policy-map
Creates or modifies a policy map that can be attached to multiple ports to
specify a service policy.
show policy-map
Displays QoS policy maps.
show policy-map
interface [interface-id]
Displays policy maps configured on the specified interface or on all
interfaces.
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show access-lists
show access-lists
To display access control lists (ACLs) configured on the switch, use the show access-lists command in
privileged EXEC mode.
show access-lists [name | number | hardware counters | ipc] [ | {begin | exclude | include}
expression]
Syntax Description
Note
name
(Optional) Name of the ACL.
number
(Optional) ACL number. The range is 1 to 2699.
hardware counters
(Optional) Displays global hardware ACL statistics for switched and
routed packets.
ipc
(Optional) Displays Interprocess Communication (IPC) protocol
access-list configuration download information.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Though visible in the command-line help strings, the rate-limit keywords are not supported.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The switch supports only IP standard and extended access lists. Therefore, the allowed numbers are only
1 to 199 and 1300 to 2699.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
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show access-lists
Examples
This is an example of output from the show access-lists command:
Switch# show access-lists
Standard IP access list 1
10 permit 1.1.1.1
20 permit 2.2.2.2
30 permit any
40 permit 0.255.255.255, wildcard bits 12.0.0.0
Standard IP access list videowizard_1-1-1-1
10 permit 1.1.1.1
Standard IP access list videowizard_10-10-10-10
10 permit 10.10.10.10
Extended IP access list 121
10 permit ahp host 10.10.10.10 host 20.20.10.10 precedence routine
This is an example of output from the show access-lists hardware counters command:
Switch# show access-lists
L2 ACL INPUT Statistics
Drop:
Drop:
Drop And Log:
Drop And Log:
Bridge Only:
Bridge Only:
Bridge Only And Log:
Bridge Only And Log:
Forwarding To CPU:
Forwarding To CPU:
Forwarded:
Forwarded:
Forwarded And Log:
Forwarded And Log:
hardware counters
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
855
94143
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2121
180762
0
0
L3 ACL INPUT Statistics
Drop:
Drop:
Drop And Log:
Drop And Log:
Bridge Only:
Bridge Only:
Bridge Only And Log:
Bridge Only And Log:
Forwarding To CPU:
Forwarding To CPU:
Forwarded:
Forwarded:
Forwarded And Log:
Forwarded And Log:
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
13586
1236182
0
0
L2 ACL OUTPUT Statistics
Drop:
Drop:
Drop And Log:
Drop And Log:
Bridge Only:
Bridge Only:
Bridge Only And Log:
Bridge Only And Log:
Forwarding To CPU:
Forwarding To CPU:
Forwarded:
Forwarded:
Forwarded And Log:
Forwarded And Log:
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
232983
16825661
0
0
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show access-lists
L3 ACL OUTPUT Statistics
Drop:
Drop:
Drop And Log:
Drop And Log:
Bridge Only:
Bridge Only:
Bridge Only And Log:
Bridge Only And Log:
Forwarding To CPU:
Forwarding To CPU:
Forwarded:
Forwarded:
Forwarded And Log:
Forwarded And Log:
Related Commands
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
All
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
frame
bytes
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
count:
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
514434
39048748
0
0
Command
Description
access-list
Configures a standard or extended numbered access list on the switch.
ip access list
Configures a named IP access list on the switch.
mac access-list extended
Configures a named or numbered MAC access list on the switch.
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show archive status
show archive status
To display the status of a new image being downloaded to a switch with the HTTP or the TFTP protocol,
use the show archive status command in privileged EXEC mode.
show archive status [ |{begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
If you use the archive download-sw privileged EXEC command to download an image to a TFTP server,
the output of the show archive status command shows the status of the download.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
Examples
These are examples of output from the show archive status command:
Switch# show archive status
IDLE: No upgrade in progress
Switch# show archive status
LOADING: Upgrade in progress
Switch# show archive status
EXTRACT: Extracting the image
Switch# show archive status
VERIFY: Verifying software
Switch# show archive status
RELOAD: Upgrade completed. Reload pending
Related Commands
Command
Description
archive download-sw
Downloads a new image from a TFTP server to the switch.
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show boot
show boot
To display the settings of the boot environment variables, use the show boot command in privileged
EXEC mode.
show boot [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show boot command.
Switch# show boot
5d05h: %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console
BOOT path-list
:
Config file
: flash:/config.text
Private Config file : flash:/private-config.text
Enable Break
: no
Manual Boot
: yes
HELPER path-list
:
Auto upgrade
: yes
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Table 2-4
show boot Field Descriptions
Field
Description
BOOT path-list
Displays a semicolon-separated list of executable files to load and execute when automatically booting.
•
If the BOOT environment variable is not set, the system attempts to load and execute the first
executable image it can find by using a recursive, depth-first search through the flash file system.
In a depth-first search of a directory, each encountered subdirectory is completely searched before
continuing the search in the original directory.
•
If the BOOT variable is set but the specified images cannot be loaded, the system attempts to boot
the first bootable file that it can find in the flash file system.
Config file
Displays the filename that Cisco IOS uses to read and write a nonvolatile copy of the system
configuration.
Private Config file
Displays the filename that Cisco IOS uses to read and write a nonvolatile copy of the system
configuration.
Enable Break
Displays whether a break during booting is enabled or disabled. If it is set to yes, on, or 1, you can
interrupt the automatic boot process by pressing the Break key on the console after the flash file system
is initialized.
Manual Boot
Displays whether the switch automatically or manually boots. If it is set to no or 0, the boot loader
attempts to automatically boot the system. If it is set to anything else, you must manually boot the switch
from the boot loader mode.
Helper path-list
Displays a semicolon separated list of loadable files to dynamically load during the boot loader
initialization. Helper files extend or patch the functionality of the boot loader.
Related Commands
Command
Description
boot config-file
Specifies the filename that Cisco IOS uses to read and write a nonvolatile
copy of the system configuration.
boot enable-break
Enables interrupting the automatic boot process.
boot manual
Enables manually booting the switch during the next boot cycle.
boot
private-config-file
Specifies the filename that Cisco IOS uses to read and write a nonvolatile
copy of the private configuration.
boot system
Specifies the Cisco IOS image to load during the next boot cycle.
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show cable-diagnostics tdr
show cable-diagnostics tdr
To display the Time Domain Reflector (TDR) results, use the show cable-diagnostics tdr command in
privileged EXEC mode.
show cable-diagnostics tdr interface interface-id [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
interface-id
Specifies the interface on which TDR was run.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
TDR is supported only on copper Ethernet 10/100 ports on the Cisco ME switch. It is not supported on
small form-factor pluggable (SFP)-module ports. For more information about TDR, see the software
configuration guide for this release.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show cable-diagnostics tdr interface interface-id command on
a Cisco ME switch:
Switch# show cable-diagnostics tdr interface gigabitethernet0/1
TDR test last run on: March 01 18:14:44
Interface Speed Local pair Pair length
--------- ----- ---------- -----------------Gi0/1
100M Pair A
4
+/- 5 meters
Pair B
4
+/- 5 meters
Pair C
N/A
Pair D
N/A
Remote pair
----------Pair A
Pair B
Pair C
Pair D
Pair status
-------------------Normal
Normal
N/A
N/A
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Table 2-7 lists the descriptions of the fields in the show cable-diagnostics tdr command output.
Table 2-5
Fields Descriptions for the show cable-diagnostics tdr Command Output
Field
Description
Interface
Interface on which TDR was run.
Speed
Speed of connection.
Local pair
Name of the pair of wires that TDR is testing on the local interface.
Pair length
Location on the cable where the problem is, with respect to your switch. TDR can only find the location in
one of these cases:
•
The cable is properly connected, the link is up, and the interface speed is 100 Mbps.
•
The cable is open.
•
The cable has a short.
Remote pair
Name of the pair of wires to which the local pair is connected. TDR can learn about the remote pair only
when the cable is properly connected and the link is up.
Pair status
The status of the pair of wires on which TDR is running:
•
Normal—The pair of wires is properly connected.
•
Not completed—The test is running and is not completed.
•
Not supported—The interface does not support TDR.
•
Open—The pair of wires is open.
•
Shorted—The pair of wires is shorted.
•
ImpedanceMis—The impedance is mismatched.
•
Short/Impedance Mismatched—The impedance mismatched or the cable is short.
•
InProgress—The diagnostic test is in progress
This is an example of output from the show interface interface-id command when TDR is running:
Switch# show interface gigabitethernet0/1
gigabitethernet0/1 is up, line protocol is up (connected: TDR in Progress)
This is an example of output from the show cable-diagnostics tdr interface interface-id command when
TDR is not running:
Switch# show cable-diagnostics tdr interface gigabitethernet0/1
% TDR test was never issued on gi0/1
If an interface does not support TDR, this message appears:
% TDR test is not supported on switch 1
Related Commands
Command
Description
test cable-diagnostics tdr
Enables and runs TDR on an interface.
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show class-map
show class-map
To display quality of service (QoS) class maps, which define the match criteria to classify traffic, use the
show class-map command in user EXEC mode.
show class-map [class-map-name] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
class-map-name
(Optional) Displays the contents of the specified class map.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show class-map command:
Switch> show class-map
Class Map match-all videowizard_10-10-10-10 (id 2)
Match access-group name videowizard_10-10-10-10
Class Map match-any class-default (id 0)
Match any
Class Map match-all dscp5 (id 3)
Match ip dscp 5
Related Commands
Command
Description
class-map
Creates a class map to be used for matching packets to the class
whose name you specify.
match access-group
Defines the match criteria to classify traffic.
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show controllers bits
show controllers bits
To display the state of the Building Integrated Timing Supply (BITS) clock controller, use the show
controllers bits in privileged EXEC mode.
show controllers bits [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
Examples
This is a partial output example from the show controllers bits command:
Switch# show controllers BITS
Applique type is T1
Line Coding is B8ZS(Rx), B8ZS(Tx)
Framing is ESF(Rx), ESF(Tx)
Line Build Out is 0-133ft
No alarms detected.
Related Commands
Command
Description
controllers bits input
applique
Sets the BITS clock input link type and characteristics.
controllers bits output Sets the BITS clock output link type and characteristics.
applique
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show controllers cpu-interface
show controllers cpu-interface
To display the state of the CPU network interface ASIC and the send and receive statistics for packets
reaching the CPU, use the show controllers cpu-interface command in privileged EXEC mode.
show controllers cpu-interface [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
This display provides information that might be useful for Cisco technical support representatives
troubleshooting the switch.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
Examples
This is a partial output example from the show controllers cpu-interface command:
Switch# show controllers cpu-interface
Queue cnt
normal
jumbo
normal-err jumbo-err dropped
unfill
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------sw forwarding
0
0
0
0
0
0
routing protocol
0
0
0
0
0
0
icmp
0
0
0
0
0
0
host
0
0
0
0
0
0
acl logging
0
0
0
0
0
0
stp
36
0
0
0
0
0
l2 protocol
14357
0
0
0
0
0
mcast control
18862
0
0
0
0
0
broadcast
0
0
0
0
0
0
rep
0
0
0
0
0
0
cfm
0
0
0
0
0
0
control?
0
0
0
0
0
0
ip mpls ttl
0
0
0
0
0
0
ipmcast default
0
0
0
0
0
0
route data
0
0
0
0
0
0
ipmcast mismatch
0
0
0
0
0
0
ipmcast rpf-fail
0
0
0
0
0
0
routing throttle
0
0
0
0
0
0
ipmcast?
0
0
0
0
0
0
<output truncated>
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Related Commands
Command
Description
show controllers
ethernet-controller
Displays per-interface send and receive statistics read from the hardware or
the interface internal registers.
show interfaces
Displays the administrative and operational status of all interfaces or a
specified interface.
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show controllers ethernet-controller
show controllers ethernet-controller
To display per-interface send and receive statistics read from the hardware, use the show controllers
ethernet-controller command in privileged EXEC mode without keywords. To display the interface
internal registers, use with the phy keyword or use the port-asic keyword to display information about
the port ASIC.
show controllers ethernet-controller [interface-id] [down-when-looped] [phy [detail]] [ | {begin
| exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
interface-id
The physical interface (including type, module, and port number).
down-when-looped
Display the state related to the down-when-looped detection.
phy
(Optional) Displays the status of the internal registers on the switch physical
layer device (PHY) for the device or the interface. This display includes the
operational state of the automatic medium-dependent interface crossover
(Auto-MDIX) feature on an interface.
detail
(Optional) Displays details about the PHY internal registers.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC (only supported with the interface-id keywords in user EXEC mode)
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
This display without keywords provides traffic statistics, basically the RMON statistics for all interfaces
or for the specified interface.
When you enter the phy keywords, the displayed information is useful primarily for Cisco technical
support representatives troubleshooting the switch.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
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Examples
This is an example of output from the show controllers ethernet-controller command for an interface.
Table 2-8 describes the Transmit fields, and Table 2-9 describes the Receive fields.
Switch# show controllers ethernet-controller gigabitethernet0/1
Transmit GigabitEthernet0/1
Receive
1279800 Bytes
2788787 Bytes
0 Unicast frames
12058 Unicast frames
4050 Multicast frames
14779 Multicast frames
0 Broadcast frames
1195 Broadcast frames
0 Dot1Q frames
0 Dot1Q frames
0 Too old frames
771712 Unicast bytes
0 Deferred frames
1934854 Multicast bytes
0 MTU exceeded frames
82221 Broadcast bytes
0 FCS errors
0 FCS errors
0 1 collision frames
0 Alignment errors
0 2 collision frames
0 3 collision frames
0 Oversize frames
0 4 collision frames
0 Undersize frames
0 5 collision frames
0 Collision fragments
0 6 collision frames
0 7 collision frames
12071 Minimum size frames
0 8 collision frames
13917 65 to 127 byte frames
0 9 collision frames
0 128 to 255 byte frames
0 10 collision frames
2044 256 to 511 byte frames
0 11 collision frames
0 512 to 1023 byte frames
0 12 collision frames
0 1024 to 1518 byte frames
0 13 collision frames
0 Overrun frames
0 14 collision frames
0 15 collision frames
0 Pause frames
0 Pause frames
0 Excessive collisions
0 Symbol error frames
0 Late collisions
0 Invalid frames, too large
0 VLAN discard frames
0 Valid frames, too large
0 Excess defer frames
0 Invalid frames, too small
0 64 byte frames
0 Valid frames, too small
0 127 byte frames
0 255 byte frames
0 Too old frames
4050 511 byte frames
0 Valid oversize frames
0 1023 byte frames
0 System FCS error frames
0 1518 byte frames
0 Too large frames
0 Good (1 coll) frames
0 Good (>1 coll) frames
Table 2-6
Transmit Field Descriptions
Field
Description
Bytes
The total number of bytes sent on an interface.
Unicast Frames
The total number of frames sent to unicast addresses.
Multicast frames
The total number of frames sent to multicast addresses.
Broadcast frames
The total number of frames sent to broadcast addresses.
Too old frames
The number of frames dropped on the egress port because the packet aged out.
Deferred frames
The number of frames that are not sent after the time exceeds 2*maximum-packet time.
MTU exceeded frames The number of frames that are larger than the maximum allowed frame size.
1 collision frames
The number of frames that are successfully sent on an interface after one collision occurs.
2 collision frames
The number of frames that are successfully sent on an interface after two collisions occur.
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Table 2-6
Transmit Field Descriptions (continued)
Field
Description
3 collision frames
The number of frames that are successfully sent on an interface after three collisions occur.
4 collision frames
The number of frames that are successfully sent on an interface after four collisions occur.
5 collision frames
The number of frames that are successfully sent on an interface after five collisions occur.
6 collision frames
The number of frames that are successfully sent on an interface after six collisions occur.
7 collision frames
The number of frames that are successfully sent on an interface after seven collisions occur.
8 collision frames
The number of frames that are successfully sent on an interface after eight collisions occur.
9 collision frames
The number of frames that are successfully sent on an interface after nine collisions occur.
10 collision frames
The number of frames that are successfully sent on an interface after ten collisions occur.
11 collision frames
The number of frames that are successfully sent on an interface after 11 collisions occur.
12 collision frames
The number of frames that are successfully sent on an interface after 12 collisions occur.
13 collision frames
The number of frames that are successfully sent on an interface after 13 collisions occur.
14 collision frames
The number of frames that are successfully sent on an interface after 14 collisions occur.
15 collision frames
The number of frames that are successfully sent on an interface after 15 collisions occur.
Excessive collisions
The number of frames that could not be sent on an interface after 16 collisions occur.
Late collisions
After a frame is sent, the number of frames dropped because late collisions were detected while the
frame was sent.
VLAN discard frames
The number of frames dropped on an interface because the CFI1 bit is set.
Excess defer frames
The number of frames that are not sent after the time exceeds the maximum-packet time.
64 byte frames
The total number of frames sent on an interface that are 64 bytes.
127 byte frames
The total number of frames sent on an interface that are from 65 to 127 bytes.
255 byte frames
The total number of frames sent on an interface that are from 128 to 255 bytes.
511 byte frames
The total number of frames sent on an interface that are from 256 to 511 bytes.
1023 byte frames
The total number of frames sent on an interface that are from 512 to 1023 bytes.
1518 byte frames
The total number of frames sent on an interface that are from 1024 to 1518 bytes.
Too large frames
The number of frames sent on an interface that are larger than the maximum allowed frame size.
Good (1 coll) frames
The number of frames that are successfully sent on an interface after one collision occurs. This value
does not include the number of frames that are not successfully sent after one collision occurs.
1. CFI = Canonical Format Indicator
Table 2-7
Receive Field Descriptions
Field
Description
Bytes
The total amount of memory (in bytes) used by frames received on an interface, including the
FCS1 value and the incorrectly formed frames. This value excludes the frame header bits.
Unicast frames
The total number of frames successfully received on the interface that are directed to unicast
addresses.
Multicast frames
The total number of frames successfully received on the interface that are directed to multicast
addresses.
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Table 2-7
Receive Field Descriptions (continued)
Field
Description
Broadcast frames
The total number of frames successfully received on an interface that are directed to broadcast
addresses.
Unicast bytes
The total amount of memory (in bytes) used by unicast frames received on an interface, including
the FCS value and the incorrectly formed frames. This value excludes the frame header bits.
Multicast bytes
The total amount of memory (in bytes) used by multicast frames received on an interface,
including the FCS value and the incorrectly formed frames. This value excludes the frame header
bits.
Broadcast bytes
The total amount of memory (in bytes) used by broadcast frames received on an interface,
including the FCS value and the incorrectly formed frames. This value excludes the frame header
bits.
Alignment errors
The total number of frames received on an interface that have alignment errors.
FCS errors
The total number of frames received on an interface that have a valid length (in bytes) but do not
have the correct FCS values.
Oversize frames
The number of frames received on an interface that are larger than the maximum allowed frame
size.
Undersize frames
The number of frames received on an interface that are smaller than 64 bytes.
Collision fragments
The number of collision fragments received on an interface.
Minimum size frames
The total number of frames that are the minimum frame size.
65 to 127 byte frames
The total number of frames that are from 65 to 127 bytes.
128 to 255 byte frames
The total number of frames that are from 128 to 255 bytes.
256 to 511 byte frames
The total number of frames that are from 256 to 511 bytes.
512 to 1023 byte frames
The total number of frames that are from 512 to 1023 bytes.
1024 to 1518 byte frames
The total number of frames that are from 1024 to 1518 bytes.
Overrun frames
The total number of overrun frames received on an interface.
Pause frames
The number of pause frames received on an interface.
Symbol error frames
The number of frames received on an interface that have symbol errors.
Invalid frames, too large
The number of frames received that were larger than maximum allowed MTU2 size (including
the FCS bits and excluding the frame header) and that have either an FCS error or an alignment
error.
Valid frames, too large
The number of frames received on an interface that are larger than the maximum allowed frame
size.
Invalid frames, too small
The number of frames received that are smaller than 64 bytes (including the FCS bits and
excluding the frame header) and that have either an FCS error or an alignment error.
Valid frames, too small
The number of frames received on an interface that are smaller than 64 bytes (or 68 bytes for
VLAN-tagged frames) and that have valid FCS values. The frame size includes the FCS bits but
excludes the frame header bits.
Too old frames
The number of frames dropped on the ingress port because the packet aged out.
Valid oversize frames
The number of frames received on an interface that are larger than the maximum allowed frame
size and have valid FCS values. The frame size includes the FCS value but does not include the
VLAN tag.
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Table 2-7
Receive Field Descriptions (continued)
Field
Description
System FCS error frames
The total number of frames received on an interface that have a valid length (in bytes) but that do
not have the correct FCS values.
RxPortFifoFull drop
frames
The total number of frames received on an interface that are dropped because the ingress queue
is full.
1. FCS = frame check sequence
2. MTU = maximum transmission unit
This is an example of output from the show controllers ethernet-controller phy command for a specific
interface.
Switch# show controllers ethernet-controller gigabitethernet0/1 phy
GigabitEthernet0/1 (port-number: 1)
----------------------------------------------------------General SFP Information
----------------------------------------------Identifier
:
0x03
Connector
:
0x00
Transceiver
:
0x00 0x00 0x00 0x08 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x00
Encoding
:
0x01
BR_Nominal
:
0x0D
Vendor Name
:
CISCO-METHODE
Vendor Part Number
:
SP7041
Vendor Revision
:
0x44 0x20 0x20 0x20
Vendor Serial Number :
00000MTC111701L3
----------------------------------------------EEPROM PAGE A0
----------------------------------------------000: 03 04 00 00 00 00 08 00 00 00
010: 00 01 0D 00 00 00 00 00 64 00
020: 43 49 53 43 4F 2D 4D 45 54 48
030: 4F 44 45 20 20 20 01 00 00 00
040: 53 50 37 30 34 31 20 20 20 20
Related Commands
Command
Description
show controllers
cpu-interface
Displays the state of the CPU network ASIC and send and receive statistics
for packets reaching the CPU.
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show controllers utilization
show controllers utilization
To display bandwidth utilization on the switch or specific ports, use the show controllers utilization
command in user EXEC mode.
show controllers [interface-id] utilization [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
interface-id
(Optional) ID of the switch interface.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the specified expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the specified expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show controllers utilization command.
Switch> show controllers utilization
Port
Receive Utilization Transmit Utilization
Gi0/1
0
0
Gi0/2
0
0
Gi0/3
0
0
Gi0/4
0
0
Gi0/5
0
0
Gi0/6
0
0
Gi0/7
0
0
Gi0/8
0
0
Gi0/9
0
0
Gi0/10
0
0
Gi0/11
0
0
Gi0/12
0
0
Gi0/13
0
0
Gi0/14
0
0
Gi0/15
0
0
Gi0/16
0
0
Gi0/17
0
0
Gi0/18
0
0
Gi0/19
0
0
Gi0/20
0
0
Gi0/21
0
0
Gi0/22
0
0
Gi0/23
0
0
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show controllers utilization
Gi0/24
Te0/1
Te0/2
0
0
0
0
0
0
Total Ports : 26
Switch Receive Bandwidth Percentage Utilization : 0
Switch Transmit Bandwidth Percentage Utilization : 0
Switch Fabric Percentage Utilization : 0
This is an example of output from the show controllers utilization command on a specific port:
Switch> show controllers gigabitethernet0/1 utilization
Receive Bandwidth Percentage Utilization
: 0
Transmit Bandwidth Percentage Utilization : 0
Table 2-8
show controllers utilization Field Descriptions
Field
Description
Receive Bandwidth Percentage Displays the received bandwidth usage of the switch, which is the
Utilization
sum of the received traffic on all the ports divided by the switch
receive capacity.
Related Commands
Transmit Bandwidth
Percentage Utilization
Displays the transmitted bandwidth usage of the switch, which is the
sum of the transmitted traffic on all the ports divided it by the switch
transmit capacity.
Fabric Percentage Utilization
Displays the average of the transmitted and received bandwidth usage
of the switch.
Command
Description
show controllers
ethernet-controller
Displays the interface internal registers.
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show diagnostic
show diagnostic
To display the online diagnostic test results and the supported test suites, use the show diagnostic
command in user EXEC mode.
show diagnostic content [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
show diagnostic detail [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
show diagnostic post [ |{begin | exclude | include} expression]
show diagnostic result [test {name | test-id | test-id-range | all}] [detail] [ | {begin | exclude |
include} expression]
show diagnostic schedule [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
show diagnostic status [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
content
Displays test information including the test ID, the test attributes, and the
supported coverage test levels for specific tests and for switches.
detail
Displays detailed test results.
post
Displays the power-on self-test (POST) results.
result
Displays the diagnostic test results.
test
(Optional) Specifies the test results to display:
•
name—Enter the name of the diagnostic test to display results only for this
test.
•
test-id—Enter the test ID number to display results only for this test. The
test ID can be from 1 to 6.
•
test-id-range—Enter the range of test ID numbers to display results only
for these tests.
•
all—Enter this keyword to display results for all the tests.
detail
(Optional) Displays the detailed test results.
schedule
Displays the scheduled diagnostic tests.
status
Display the running diagnostic tests.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Defaults
This command has no default setting.
Command Modes
User EXEC
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show diagnostic
Command History
Usage Guidelines
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
The show diagnostic post command output is the same as the show post command output.
The show diagnostic result [detail] command output is the same as the show diagnostic switch [detail]
command output.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This example shows how to display the diagnostic test IDs and attributes.
Switch> show diagnostic content
Diagnostics test suite attributes:
B/* - Basic ondemand test / NA
P/V/* - Per port test / Per device test / NA
D/N/* - Disruptive test / Non-disruptive test / NA
S/* - Only applicable to standby unit / NA
R/* - Switch will reload after test list completion / NA
P/* - will partition stack / NA
ID
====
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Test Name
==================================
TestPortAsicMem ----------------->
TestPortAsicCam ----------------->
TestPortAsicLoopback ------------>
TestPortLoopback ---------------->
TestFpga ------------------------>
Attributes
============
B*D*R*
B*D*R*
B*D*R*
B*D*R*
B*D*R*
This example shows how to display the diagnostic test results for a switch. You can also use the show
diagnostic switch command to display these results.
Switch> show diagnostic result
:
SerialNo : FHH1329P00B
Overall diagnostic result: UNTESTED
Test results: (. = Pass, F = Fail, U = Untested)
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
TestPortAsicMem ----------------->
TestPortAsicCam ----------------->
TestPortAsicLoopback ------------>
TestPortLoopback ---------------->
TestFpga ------------------------>
U
U
U
U
U
This example shows how to display the running tests in a switch:
Switch> show diagnostic status
<BU> - Bootup Diagnostics, <HM> - Health Monitoring Diagnostics,
<OD> - OnDemand Diagnostics, <SCH> - Scheduled Diagnostics
======
Card
-----sw
=================================
Description
--------------------------------FHH1329P00B
===============================
Current Running Test
------------------------------N/A
======
Run by
-----N/A
====== ================================= =============================== ======
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show diagnostic
This example shows how to display the online diagnostic test schedule for a switch:
Switch> show diagnostic schedule
Current Time = 14:39:49 PST Tue Jul 5 2005
Diagnostic for Switch 1:
Schedule #1:
To be run daily 12:00
Test ID(s) to be executed: 1.
This example shows how to display the detailed results for a switch. You can also use the show
diagnostic result test all detail command to display these results.
Switch> show diagnostic result test all detail
Test results: (. = Pass, F = Fail, U = Untested)
___________________________________________________________________________
1) TestPortAsicMem -----------------> U
Error code ------------------> 0 (DIAG_SUCCESS)
Total run count -------------> 0
Last test execution time ----> n/a
First test failure time -----> n/a
Last test failure time ------> n/a
Last test pass time ---------> n/a
Total failure count ---------> 0
Consecutive failure count ---> 0
___________________________________________________________________________
2) TestPortAsicCam -----------------> U
Error code ------------------> 0 (DIAG_SUCCESS)
Total run count -------------> 0
Last test execution time ----> n/a
First test failure time -----> n/a
Last test failure time ------> n/a
Last test pass time ---------> n/a
Total failure count ---------> 0
Consecutive failure count ---> 0
___________________________________________________________________________
3) TestPortAsicLoopback ------------> U
Error code ------------------> 0 (DIAG_SUCCESS)
Total run count -------------> 0
Last test execution time ----> n/a
First test failure time -----> n/a
Last test failure time ------> n/a
Last test pass time ---------> n/a
Total failure count ---------> 0
Consecutive failure count ---> 0
___________________________________________________________________________
4) TestPortLoopback ----------------> U
Error code ------------------>
Total run count ------------->
Last test execution time ---->
First test failure time ----->
Last test failure time ------>
Last test pass time --------->
Total failure count --------->
Consecutive failure count --->
0 (DIAG_SUCCESS)
0
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
0
0
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show diagnostic
___________________________________________________________________________
5) TestFpga ------------------------> U
Error code ------------------> 0 (DIAG_SUCCESS)
Total run count -------------> 0
Last test execution time ----> n/a
First test failure time -----> n/a
Last test failure time ------> n/a
Last test pass time ---------> n/a
Total failure count ---------> 0
Consecutive failure count ---> 0
___________________________________________________________________________
Related Commands
Command
Description
diagnostic monitor
Configures the health-monitoring diagnostic test.
diagnostic schedule test
Sets the scheduling of test-based online diagnostic testing.
diagnostic start test
Starts the online diagnostic test.
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show env
show env
To display alarm contact, fan, temperature, and power information for the switch, use the show env
command in user EXEC mode.
show env {alarm-contact | all | fan | power| temperature [status]} [ | {begin | exclude | include}
expression]
Syntax Description
alarm-contact
Displays alarm contact status.
all
Displays fan, temperature, power supply, and alarm status.
fan
Displays the switch fan status, including the power-supply fan.
power
Displays the switch power-supply status.
temperature
Displays the switch temperature status as GREEN or RED.
status
(Optional) Shows more detailed temperature status, including the temperature
value, state (green, yellow, or red), and the yellow and red threshold values.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can use the show env temperature status command to display the switch temperature status. The
command output shows the temperature state as green or red and shows the shutdown and alert
thresholds. The output from the show env all command also includes this information.
For more information about the threshold levels, see the software configuration guide for this release.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
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show env
Examples
This is an example of output from the show env alarm-contact command:
Switch# show env alarm-contact
ALARM CONTACT 1
Status:
not asserted
Description: external alarm
Severity:
minor
Trigger:
closed
ALARM CONTACT 2
Status:
not asserted
Description: external alarm
Severity:
minor
Trigger:
closed
ALARM CONTACT 3
Status:
not asserted
Description: external alarm
Severity:
minor
Trigger:
closed
ALARM CONTACT 4
Status:
not asserted
Description: external alarm
Severity:
minor
contact 1
contact 2
contact 3
contact 4
This is an example of output from the show env all command:
Switch> show env all
FAN in PS-1 is OK
FAN in FANTRAY-2 is OK
SYSTEM TEMPERATURE is GREEN
SYSTEM Temperature Value: 35.5 Degree Celsius
SYSTEM Temperature State: GREEN
SYSTEM Low Temperature Alert Threshold: 0.0 Degree Celsius
SYSTEM Low Temperature Shutdown Threshold: -20.0 Degree Celsius
SYSTEM High Temperature Alert Threshold: 58.0 Degree Celsius
SYSTEM High Temperature Shutdown Threshold: 80.0 Degree Celsius
POWER SUPPLY 1 Temperature Value: 32.7500 Degree Celsius
POWER SUPPLY 1 Temperature Alert Threshold: 85.0000 Degree Celsius
POWER SUPPLY 1 Temperature Shutdown Threshold: 110.0000 Degree Celsius
FAN TRAY 2: No Temperature Information Provided
POWER SUPPLY 1 is AC OK
POWER SUPPLY 2 is Fan Tray OK
ALARM
ALARM
ALARM
ALARM
CONTACT
CONTACT
CONTACT
CONTACT
1
2
3
4
is
is
is
is
not
not
not
not
asserted
asserted
asserted
asserted
This is an example of output from the show env fan command for the Cisco ME 3400G-12CS switch:
Switch> show env fan
FAN in PS-1 is OK
FAN in FANTRAY-2 is OK
This is an example of output from the show env power command for the Cisco ME 3400G-12CS switch:
Switch> show
POWER SUPPLY
AC Input
Output
Fan
POWER SUPPLY
Fan
env power
1 is AC OK
: OK
: OK
: OK
2 is Fan Tray OK
: OK
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show env
These are examples of output from the show env temperature and show env temperature status
commands:
Switch> show env temperature
SYSTEM TEMPERATURE is GREEN
Switch> show env temperature status
SYSTEM Temperature Value: 35.5 Degree Celsius
SYSTEM Temperature State: GREEN
SYSTEM Low Temperature Alert Threshold: 0.0 Degree Celsius
SYSTEM Low Temperature Shutdown Threshold: -20.0 Degree Celsius
SYSTEM High Temperature Alert Threshold: 58.0 Degree Celsius
SYSTEM High Temperature Shutdown Threshold: 80.0 Degree Celsius
POWER SUPPLY 1 Temperature Value: 32.7500 Degree Celsius
POWER SUPPLY 1 Temperature Alert Threshold: 85.0000 Degree Celsius
POWER SUPPLY 1 Temperature Shutdown Threshold: 110.0000 Degree Celsius
FAN TRAY 2: No Temperature Information Provided
Related Commands
Command
Description
system env temperature
threshold alert
Configures the system temperature thresholds.
alarm-contact
Configures alarm contacts.
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show errdisable detect
show errdisable detect
To display error-disable detection status, use the show errdisable detect command in user EXEC mode.
show errdisable detect [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The Mode column shows the shutdown mode that was configured for the error-disabled reason:
•
port—The physical port is error disabled if a violation occurs.
•
vlan—The virtual port is disabled if a violation occurs.
•
port/vlan—Some ports are configured for physical port disable, and others are configured for virtual
port disable. Enter the show running config privileged EXEC command to see the configuration for
each port.
A displayed gbic-invalid error in the Reason column refers to an invalid small form-factor pluggable
(SFP) interface.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show errdisable detect command:
Switch> show errdisable detect
ErrDisable Reason
Detection
------------------------arp-inspection
Enabled
bpduguard
Enabled
channel-misconfig (STP)
Enabled
community-limit
Enabled
dhcp-rate-limit
Enabled
dtp-flap
Enabled
gbic-invalid
Enabled
invalid-policy
Enabled
link-flap
Enabled
link-monitor-failure
Enabled
loopback
Enabled
lsgroup
Enabled
oam-remote-failure
Enabled
Mode
---port
port
port
port
port
port
port
port
port
port
port
port
port
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show errdisable detect
mac-limit
pagp-flap
port-mode-failure
pppoe-ia-rate-limit
psecure-violation
security-violation
sfp-config-mismatch
storm-control
udld
vmps
Note
Related Commands
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
port
port
port
port
port
port
port
port
port
port
Though visible in the output, the dtp-flap and arp-inspection fields are not valid.
Command
Description
errdisable detect cause
Enables error-disable detection for a specific cause or all causes.
show errdisable flap-values
Displays error condition recognition information.
show errdisable recovery
Displays error-disable recovery timer information.
show interfaces status
Displays interface status or a list of interfaces in an error-disabled
state.
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show errdisable flap-values
show errdisable flap-values
To display conditions that cause an error to be recognized for a cause, use the show errdisable
flap-values command in user EXEC mode.
show errdisable flap-values [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The Flaps column in the display shows how many changes to the state within the specified time interval
will cause an error to be detected and a port to be disabled. For example, the display shows that an error
will be assumed and the port shut down if three Dynamic Trunking Protocol (DTP)-state (port mode
access/trunk) or Port Aggregation Protocol (PAgP) flap changes occur during a 30-second interval, or if
5 link-state (link up/down) changes occur during a 10-second interval.
ErrDisable Reason
----------------pagp-flap
dtp-flap
link-flap
Note
Flaps
-----3
3
5
Time (sec)
---------30
30
10
Although visible in the output display, the switch does not support DTP.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show errdisable flap-values command:
Switch> show errdisable flap-values
ErrDisable Reason
Flaps
Time (sec)
------------------------------pagp-flap
3
30
dtp-flap
3
30
link-flap
5
10
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show errdisable flap-values
Related Commands
Command
Description
errdisable detect cause
Enables error-disable detection for a specific cause or all causes.
show errdisable detect
Displays error-disable detection status.
show errdisable recovery
Displays error-disable recovery timer information.
show interfaces status
Displays interface status or a list of interfaces in error-disabled state.
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show errdisable recovery
show errdisable recovery
To display the error-disable recovery timer information, use the show errdisable recovery command in
user EXEC mode.
show errdisable recovery [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
A gbic-invalid error-disable reason refers to an invalid small form-factor pluggable (SFP) module
interface.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show errdisable recovery command:
Switch> show errdisable recovery
ErrDisable Reason
Timer Status
-----------------------------arp-inspection
Disabled
bpduguard
Disabled
channel-misconfig (STP)
Disabled
dhcp-rate-limit
Disabled
dtp-flap
Disabled
gbic-invalid
Disabled
link-flap
Disabled
mac-limit
Disabled
link-monitor-failure
Disabled
loopback
Disabled
oam-remote-failure
Disabled
pagp-flap
Disabled
port-mode-failure
Disabled
pppoe-ia-rate-limit
Disabled
psecure-violation
Disabled
security-violation
Disabled
sfp-config-mismatch
Disabled
storm-control
Disabled
udld
Disabled
vmps
Disabled
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show errdisable recovery
Timer interval: 300 seconds
Interfaces that will be enabled at the next timeout:
Interface
Errdisable reason
Time left(sec)
-------------------------------------Gi0/2
link-flap
279
Note
Related Commands
Though visible in the output, the unicast-flood and DTP fields are not valid.
Command
Description
errdisable recovery
Configures the recover mechanism variables.
show errdisable detect
Displays error-disabled detection status.
show errdisable flap-values Displays error condition recognition information.
show interfaces status
Displays interface status or a list of interfaces in error-disabled state.
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show etherchannel
show etherchannel
To display EtherChannel information for a channel, use the show etherchannel command in user EXEC
mode.
show etherchannel [channel-group-number {detail | port | port-channel | protocol | summary}]
{detail | load-balance | port | port-channel | protocol | summary} [ | {begin | exclude |
include} expression]
Syntax Description
channel-group-number
(Optional) Number of the channel group. The range is 1 to 26.
detail
Displays detailed EtherChannel information.
load-balance
Displays the load-balance or frame-distribution scheme among ports in the
port channel.
port
Displays EtherChannel port information.
port-channel
Displays port-channel information.
protocol
Displays the protocol that is being used in the EtherChannel.
summary
Displays a one-line summary per channel-group.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
If you do not specify a channel-group, all channel groups are displayed.
In the output, the Passive port list field is displayed only for Layer 3 port channels. This field means that
the physical port, which is still not up, is configured to be in the channel group (and indirectly is in the
only port channel in the channel group).
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
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show etherchannel
Examples
This is an example of output from the show etherchannel 1 detail command:
Switch> show etherchannel 1 detail
Group state = L2
Ports: 2
Maxports = 16
Port-channels: 1 Max Port-channels = 16
Protocol:
LACP
Ports in the group:
------------------Port: Gi0/1
-----------Port state
Channel group
Port-channel
Port index
Flags:
=
=
=
=
Up Mstr In-Bndl
1
Mode = Active
Po1
GC
=
0
Load = 0x00
Gcchange = Pseudo port-channel = Po1
Protocol =
LACP
S - Device is sending Slow LACPDUs
A - Device is in active mode.
F - Device is sending fast LACPDU
P - Device is in passive mode.
Local information:
Port
Gi0/1
Flags
SA
State
bndl
LACP port
Priority
32768
Admin
Key
0x0
Oper
Key
0x1
Port
Number
0x0
Port
State
0x3D
Age of the port in the current state: 01d:20h:06m:04s
Port-channels in the group:
---------------------Port-channel: Po1
------------
(Primary Aggregator)
Age of the Port-channel
= 01d:20h:20m:26s
Logical slot/port
= 10/1
Number of ports = 2
HotStandBy port = null
Port state
= Port-channel Ag-Inuse
Protocol
=
LACP
Ports in the Port-channel:
Index
Load
Port
EC state
No of bits
------+------+------+------------------+----------0
00
Gi0/1
Active
0
0
00
Gi0/2
Active
0
Time since last port bundled:
01d:20h:20m:20s
Gi0/2
This is an example of output from the show etherchannel 1 summary command:
Switch> show etherchannel 1 summary
Flags: D - down
P - in port-channel
I - stand-alone s - suspended
H - Hot-standby (LACP only)
R - Layer3
S - Layer2
u - unsuitable for bundling
U - in use
f - failed to allocate aggregator
d - default port
Number of channel-groups in use: 1
Number of aggregators:
1
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show etherchannel
Group Port-channel Protocol
Ports
------+-------------+-----------+---------------------------------------1
Po1(SU)
LACP
Gi0/1(P)
Gi0/2(P)
This is an example of output from the show etherchannel 1 port-channel command:
Switch> show etherchannel 1 port-channel
Port-channels in the group:
---------------------Port-channel: Po1
(Primary Aggregator)
-----------Age of the Port-channel
= 01d:20h:24m:50s
Logical slot/port
= 10/1
Number of ports = 2
HotStandBy port = null
Port state
= Port-channel Ag-Inuse
Protocol
=
LACP
Ports in the Port-channel:
Index
Load
Port
EC state
No of bits
------+------+------+------------------+----------0
00
Gi0/1
Active
0
0
00
Gi0/2
Active
0
Time since last port bundled:
01d:20h:24m:44s
Gi0/2
This is an example of output from show etherchannel protocol command:
Switch# show etherchannel protocol
Channel-group listing:
----------------------Group: 1
---------Protocol: LACP
Group: 2
---------Protocol: PAgP
Related Commands
Command
Description
channel-group
Assigns an Ethernet port to an EtherChannel group.
channel-protocol
Restricts the protocol used on a port to manage channeling.
interface port-channel
Accesses or creates the port channel.
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show ethernet service evc
show ethernet service evc
To display information about Ethernet virtual connection (EVC) customer-service instances, use the
show ethernet service evc command in privileged EXEC mode.
show ethernet service evc [id evc-id | interface interface-id] [detail] [summary] [ | {begin |
exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
id evc-id
(Optional) Displays EVC information for the specified service. The EVC
identifier can be a string of from 1 to 100 characters.
interface interface-id
(Optional) Displays EVC information for the specified interface.
detail
(Optional) Displays detailed information about EVC service or the specified
EVC ID or interface.
summary
(Optional) Displays summary of information for EVC service or the specified
EVC interface.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show ethernet service evc command:
Switch# show ethernet service evc
Identifier
Type Act-UNI-cnt Status
BLUE
P-P
2
Active
PINK
MP-MP
2
PartiallyActive
PURPLE
P-P
2
Active
BROWN
MP-MP
2
Active
GREEN
P-P
3
Active
YELLOW
MP-MP
2
PartiallyActive
BANANAS
P-P
0
InActive
TEST2
P-P
0
NotDefined
ORANGE
P-P
2
Active
TEAL
P-P
0
InActive
Related Commands
Command
Description
ethernet evc evc-id
Defines an EVC and enters EVC configuration mode.
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show flowcontrol
show flowcontrol
To display the flow control status and statistics, use the show flowcontrol command in user EXEC mode.
show flowcontrol [interface interface-id | module number] [ | {begin | exclude | include}
expression]
Syntax Description
interface interface-id
(Optional) Displays the flow control status and statistics for a specific
interface.
module number
(Optional) Displays the flow control status and statistics for all interfaces on the
switch. The only valid module number is 1. This option is not available if you
have entered a specific interface ID.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Use this command to display the flow control status and statistics on the switch or for a specific interface.
Use the show flowcontrol command to display information about all the switch interfaces. The output
from the show flowcontrol command is the same as the output from the show flowcontrol module
number command.
Use the show flowcontrol interface interface-id command to display information about a specific
interface.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show flowcontrol command.
Switch> show flowcontrol
Port
Send FlowControl
admin
oper
--------- -------- -------Gi0/1
Unsupp. Unsupp.
Gi0/2
desired off
Gi0/3
desired off
<output truncated>
Receive FlowControl
admin
oper
-------- -------off
off
off
off
off
off
RxPause TxPause
------0
0
0
------0
0
0
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show flowcontrol
This is an example of output from the show flowcontrol interface interface-id command:
Switch> show flowcontrol interface gigabitethernet0/2
Port
Send FlowControl Receive FlowControl RxPause TxPause
admin
oper
admin
oper
--------- -------- -------- -------- -------------- ------Gi0/2
desired off
off
off
0
0
Related Commands
Command
Description
flowcontrol
Sets the receive flow-control state for an interface.
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show interfaces
show interfaces
To display the administrative and operational status of all interfaces or a specified interface, use the show
interfaces command in privileged EXEC mode.
show interfaces [interface-id | vlan vlan-id] [accounting | capabilities [module number] |
counters | dampening | debounce [module] | description | etherchannel | flowcontrol | rep |
stats | status [err-disabled] | switchport [backup | module number] | transceivers
[properties | detail] [module number] | trunk] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
interface-id
(Optional) Valid interfaces include physical ports (including type, module, and
port number) and port channels. The port-channel range is 1 to 48.
vlan vlan-id
(Optional) VLAN identification. The range is 1 to 4094.
accounting
(Optional) Displays accounting information on the interface, including active
protocols and input and output packets and octets.
capabilities
(Optional) Displays the capabilities of all interfaces or the specified interface,
including the features and options that you can configure on the interface. Though
visible in the command line help, this option is not available for VLAN IDs.
module number
(Optional) Displays capabilities, switchport configuration, or transceiver
characteristics (depending on preceding keyword) of all interfaces on the switch.
The only valid module number is 1. This option is not available if you have entered
a specific interface ID.
counters
(Optional) See the show interfaces counters command.
dampening
(Optional) Displays interface dampening information.
debounce
[module]
(Optional) Displays interface debounce time information.
description
(Optional) Displays the administrative status and description set for an interface.
etherchannel
(Optional) Displays interface EtherChannel information.
fcpa
(Optional) Displays fiber channel information
flowcontrol
(Optional) Displays interface flowcontrol information
mpls-exp
(Optional) Display interface MPLS experimental accounting information.
rep
(Optional) See the show interfaces rep command.
stats
(Optional) Displays the input and output packets by switching path for the
interface.
status
(Optional) Displays the status of the interface. A status of unsupported in the Type
field means that a non-Cisco small form-factor pluggable (SFP) module is inserted
in the module slot.
err-disabled
(Optional) Displays interfaces in error-disabled state.
switchport
(Optional) Displays the administrative and operational status of a switching
(nonrouting) port, including port blocking and port protection settings.
backup
(Optional) Displays the backup interface configuration.
module
(Optional) Limits the display to interfaces on a module
transceivers
(Optional) See the show interfaces transceiver command.
trunk
Displays interface trunk information. If you do not specify an interface, only
information for active trunking ports appears.
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Note
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Though visible in the command-line help strings, the crb, private-vlan mapping, pruning
random-detect, and rate-limit keywords are not supported.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The show interfaces capabilities command with different keywords has these results:
•
Use the show interface capabilities module 1 to display the capabilities of all interfaces on the
switch. Entering any other number is invalid.
•
Use the show interfaces interface-id capabilities to display the capabilities of the specified
interface.
•
Use the show interfaces capabilities (with no module number or interface ID) to display the
capabilities of all interfaces on the switch.
•
Use the show interface switchport module 1 to display the switch port characteristics of all
interfaces on the switch. Entering any other number is invalid.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show interfaces command for an interface:
Switch# show interfaces gigabitethernet0/1
GigabitEthernet0/1 is up, line protocol is up (connected)
Hardware is Gigabit Ethernet, address is 0023.eb17.c781 (bia 0023.eb17.c781)
MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1000000 Kbit, DLY 10 usec,
reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
Encapsulation ARPA, loopback not set
Keepalive not set
Full-duplex, 1000Mb/s, link type is auto, media type is 10/100/1000BaseTX SFP
input flow-control is off, output flow-control is unsupported
ARP type: ARPA, ARP Timeout 04:00:00
Last input never, output 00:00:14, output hang never
Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
Queueing strategy: fifo
Output queue: 0/0 (size/max)
5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
28980 packets input, 2882755 bytes, 0 no buffer
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show interfaces
Received 16517 broadcasts (15276 multicasts)
0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored
0 watchdog, 15276 multicast, 0 pause input
0 input packets with dribble condition detected
4186 packets output, 1322776 bytes, 0 underruns
0 output errors, 0 collisions, 1 interface resets
0 babbles, 0 late collision, 0 deferred
0 lost carrier, 0 no carrier, 0 PAUSE output
0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
This is an example of output from the show interfaces accounting command.
Switch# show interfaces accounting
VGigabitEthernet0
Protocol
Pkts In
Other
8468
IP
3156345
Spanning Tree
62855
ARP
64072
CDP
2110
Interface Vlan1 is disabled
GigabitEthernet0/1
Protocol
Other
CDP
GigabitEthernet0/2
Protocol
Other
CDP
GigabitEthernet0/3
Protocol
Other
CDP
GigabitEthernet0/4
Protocol
Other
IP
Spanning Tree
CDP
GigabitEthernet0/5
Protocol
Other
Spanning Tree
CDP
GigabitEthernet0/6
Protocol
Other
CLNS
ARP
CDP
GigabitEthernet0/7
Protocol
No traffic sent or received
GigabitEthernet0/8
Protocol
No traffic sent or received
GigabitEthernet0/9
Protocol
<output truncated>
Chars In
810077
260882105
3771300
3906250
827120
Pkts Out
1
5133740
0
38
2106
Chars Out
60
504298864
0
2280
720252
Pkts In
0
0
Chars In
0
0
Pkts Out
4188
2129
Chars Out
1306656
766440
Pkts In
0
0
Chars In
0
0
Pkts Out
4187
2129
Chars Out
1306344
766440
Pkts In
0
0
Chars In
0
0
Pkts Out
4211
2106
Chars Out
1313832
758160
Pkts In
0
0
0
2104
Chars In
0
0
0
864744
Pkts Out
4211
6
61843
2106
Chars Out
1313832
360
3710580
758160
Pkts In
0
23
2139
Chars In
0
1380
796595
Pkts Out
4188
61547
2130
Chars Out
1306656
3692820
766800
Pkts In
0
0
0
1740
Chars In
0
0
0
648394
Pkts Out
3435
144
3
1733
Chars Out
1044240
218016
180
596712
Pkts In
Chars In
on this interface.
Pkts Out
Chars Out
Pkts In
Chars In
on this interface.
Pkts Out
Chars Out
Pkts In
Pkts Out
Chars Out
Chars In
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show interfaces
This is an example of output from the show interfaces capabilities command for an interface.
Switch# show interfaces gigabitethernet0/2 capabilities
GigabitEthernet0/2
Model:
ME-3800X-24FS-M
Type:
10/100/1000BaseTX SFP
Speed:
10,100,1000,auto
Duplex:
half,full,auto
Trunk encap. type:
802.1Q
Trunk mode:
on,off,desirable,nonegotiate
Channel:
yes
Broadcast suppression: percentage(0-100)
Flowcontrol:
rx-(off,on,desired),tx-(none)
Fast Start:
yes
QoS scheduling:
Rx-no ingress scheduling
tx-three levels of hierarchy and 2 level scheduling
CoS rewrite:
yes
ToS rewrite:
yes
UDLD:
yes
Inline power:
no
SPAN:
no
PortSecure:
no
Dot1x:
no
This is an example of output from the show interfaces interface description command when the
interface has been described as Connects to Marketing by using the description interface configuration
command.
Switch# show interfaces gigabitethernet0/2 description
Interface Status
Protocol Description
Gi0/2
up
down
Connects to Marketing
This is an example of output from the show interfaces etherchannel command when port channels are
configured on the switch:
Switch# show interfaces etherchannel
---Port-channel1:
Age of the Port-channel
= 03d:20h:17m:29s
Logical slot/port
= 10/1
Number of ports = 0
GC
= 0x00000000
HotStandBy port = null
Port state
= Port-channel Ag-Not-Inuse
Port-channel2:
Age of the Port-channel
= 03d:20h:17m:29s
Logical slot/port
= 10/2
Number of ports = 0
GC
= 0x00000000
HotStandBy port = null
Port state
= Port-channel Ag-Not-Inuse
Port-channel3:
Age of the Port-channel
= 03d:20h:17m:29s
Logical slot/port
= 10/3
Number of ports = 0
GC
= 0x00000000
HotStandBy port = null
Port state
= Port-channel Ag-Not-Inuse
This is an example of output from the show interfaces stats command for a specified VLAN interface.
Switch# show interfaces vlan 1 stats
Switching path
Pkts In
Chars In
Pkts Out Chars Out
Processor
1165354 136205310
570800
91731594
Route cache
0
0
0
0
Total
1165354 136205310
570800
91731594
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This is an example of partial output from the show interfaces status command. It displays the status of
all interfaces.
Switch# show interfaces status
Port
Name
Status
Gi0/1
connected
seTX SFP
Gi0/2
connected
seTX SFP
Gi0/3
connected
seTX SFP
Gi0/4
connected
seTX SFP
Gi0/5
connected
seTX SFP
Gi0/6
connected
seTX SFP
Gi0/7
notconnect
Gi0/8
notconnect
Gi0/9
notconnect
Gi0/10
notconnect
Gi0/11
testwhelshdevice
connected
seTX SFP
Gi0/12
notconnect
Gi0/13
connected
seTX SFP
Gi0/14
connected
seTX SFP
Port
Gi0/15
seTX SFP
Gi0/16
seTX SFP
Gi0/17
Gi0/18
Gi0/19
Gi0/20
Gi0/21
Gi0/22
Gi0/23
Gi0/24
Te0/1
Te0/2
UxM
Port
Gi0
seTX
Name
Name
Vlan
trunk
Duplex Speed Type
a-full a-1000 10/100/1000Ba
trunk
a-full a-1000 10/100/1000Ba
trunk
a-full a-1000 10/100/1000Ba
1
a-full a-1000 10/100/1000Ba
1
a-full a-1000 10/100/1000Ba
routed
a-full a-1000 10/100/1000Ba
1
1
trunk
1
1
auto
auto
auto
auto
auto
auto
auto
auto
a-full a-1000
1
trunk
auto
a-full
1
a-full a-1000 10/100/1000Ba
Status
connected
Vlan
1
Duplex Speed Type
a-full a-1000 10/100/1000Ba
connected
1
a-full a-1000 10/100/1000Ba
notconnect
notconnect
notconnect
notconnect
notconnect
notconnect
notconnect
notconnect
disabled
disabled
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Status
connected
Vlan
routed
auto
auto
auto
auto
auto
auto
auto
auto
full
full
Duplex
a-full
Not Present
Not Present
Not Present
Not Present
10/100/1000Ba
auto Not Present
100 10/100/1000Ba
auto
auto
auto
auto
auto
auto
auto
auto
10G
10G
Not Present
Not Present
Not Present
Not Present
Not Present
Not Present
Not Present
Not Present
Not Present
SFP-10GBase-C
Speed Type
a-100 10/100/1000Ba
These are examples of output from the show interfaces status command for a specific interface when
private VLANs are configured. Port 22 is configured as a private-VLAN host port. It is associated with
primary VLAN 20 and secondary VLAN 25.
Switch# show interfaces gigabitethernet0/22 status
Port
Gi0/2
seTX SFP
Name
Status
connected
Vlan
trunk
Duplex Speed Type
a-full a-1000 10/100/1000Ba
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show interfaces
This is an example of output from the show interfaces status err-disabled command for an interface:
Switch# show interfaces gigabitethernet0/2 status err-disabled
Port
Gi0/2
Name
Status
connected
Reason
elmi evc down
Err-disabled Vlans
1,200
This is an example of output from the show interfaces switchport command for a single port.
Table 2-12 describes the fields in the display.
Note
Private VLAN trunks are not supported in this release, so those fields are not applicable.
Switch# show interfaces gigabitethernet0/8 switchport
Name: Gi0/8
Switchport: Enabled
Administrative Mode: static access
Operational Mode: down
Administrative Trunking Encapsulation: dot1q
Negotiation of Trunking: Off
Access Mode VLAN: 1 (default)
Trunking Native Mode VLAN: 1 (default)
Administrative Native VLAN tagging: enabled
Administrative private-vlan host-association: none
Administrative private-vlan mapping: none
Administrative private-vlan trunk native VLAN: none
Administrative private-vlan trunk Native VLAN tagging: enabled
Administrative private-vlan trunk encapsulation: dot1q
Administrative private-vlan trunk normal VLANs: none
Administrative private-vlan trunk associations: none
Administrative private-vlan trunk mappings: none
Operational private-vlan: none
Trunking VLANs Enabled: ALL
Capture Mode Disabled
Capture VLANs Allowed: ALL
Unknown unicast blocked: disabled
Unknown multicast blocked: disabled
Appliance trust: none
Table 2-9
show interfaces switchport Field Descriptions
Field
Description
Name
Displays the port name.
Switchport
Displays the administrative and operational status of the port.
In this display, the port is in switchport mode.
Administrative Mode
Displays the administrative and operational modes.
Operational Mode
Administrative Trunking
Encapsulation
Displays the administrative and operational encapsulation
method and whether trunking negotiation is enabled.
Negotiation of Trunking
Access Mode VLAN
Displays the VLAN ID to which the port is configured.
Trunking Native Mode VLAN
Lists the VLAN ID of the trunk that is in native mode.
Administrative Native VLAN tagging Displays whether or not VLAN tagging is enabled.
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Table 2-9
show interfaces switchport Field Descriptions (continued)
Field
Description
Administrative private-vlan
host-association
Displays the administrative VLAN association for
private-VLAN host ports.
Administrative private-vlan mapping
Displays the administrative VLAN mapping for private-VLAN
promiscuous ports.
Operational private-vlan
Displays the operational private-VLAN status.
Trunking VLANs enabled
Lists the active VLANs on the trunk.
Capture VLANs allowed
Lists the allowed VLANs on the trunk.
Unknown unicast blocked
Displays whether or not unknown multicast and unknown
unicast traffic is blocked on the interface.
Unknown multicast blocked
This is an example of output from the show interfaces interface-id trunk command. It displays trunking
information for the port.
Switch# show interfaces gigabitethernet0/1 trunk
Port
Mode
Encapsulation Status
Gi0/1
auto
negotiate
trunking
Related Commands
Native vlan
1
Port
Gi0/1
Vlans allowed on trunk
1-4094
Port
Gi0/1
Vlans allowed and active in management domain
1-4
Port
Gi0/1
Vlans in spanning tree forwarding state and not pruned
1-4
Command
Description
switchport access vlan
Configures a port as a static-access or a dynamic-access port.
switchport block
Blocks unknown unicast or multicast traffic on an interface.
switchport mode
Configures the VLAN membership mode of a port.
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show interfaces counters
show interfaces counters
To display various counters for the switch or for a specific interface, use the show interfaces counters
command in privileged EXEC mode.
show interfaces [interface-id | vlan vlan-id] counters [errors | trunk] [module switch- number] |
etherchannel | protocol status] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
interface-id
(Optional) ID of the physical interface, including type, module, and port
number.
errors
(Optional) Displays error counters.
trunk
(Optional) Displays trunk counters.
module switch- number (Optional) Displays counters for the specified switch number. The only
available value is 1.
Note
etherchannel
(Optional) Displays EtherChannel counters, including octets, broadcast
packets, multicast packets, and unicast packets received and sent.
protocol status
(Optional) Displays status of protocols enabled on interfaces.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Though visible in the command-line help string, the vlan vlan-id keyword is not supported.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
If you do not enter any keywords, all counters for all interfaces are included.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
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Examples
This is an example of partial output from the show interfaces counters command. It displays all
counters for the switch.
Switch# show interfaces counters
Port
InOctets
InUcastPkts
Gi0/1
2895390
12518
Gi0/2
1609255
12517
Gi0/3
3524654
12617
Gi0/4
3391800
12617
Gi0/5
1610919
12516
Gi0/6
1315586
10269
Gi0/7
0
0
Gi0/8
0
0
Gi0/9
0
0
Gi0/10
0
0
Gi0/11
1610151
12517
Gi0/12
0
0
Gi0/13
0
0
Gi0/14
0
0
Gi0/15
0
0
Gi0/16
0
0
Gi0/17
0
0
Gi0/18
0
0
Gi0/19
0
0
Gi0/20
0
0
Gi0/21
0
0
InMcastPkts
15343
2147
23846
21768
2174
1748
0
0
0
0
2161
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
InBcastPkts
1247
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
<output truncated>
This is an example of partial output from the show interfaces counters protocol status command for
all interfaces.
Switch# show interfaces counters protocol status
Protocols allocated:
GigabitEthernet0: Other, IP, Spanning Tree, ARP, CDP
Vlan1: Other, IP
GigabitEthernet0/1: Other, IP, CDP
GigabitEthernet0/2: Other, IP, CDP
GigabitEthernet0/3: Other, IP, CDP
GigabitEthernet0/4: Other, IP, Spanning Tree, CDP
GigabitEthernet0/5: Other, IP, Spanning Tree, CDP
GigabitEthernet0/6: Other, IP, CLNS, ARP, CDP
GigabitEthernet0/7: Other, IP
GigabitEthernet0/8: Other, IP
GigabitEthernet0/9: Other, IP
GigabitEthernet0/10: Other, IP
GigabitEthernet0/11: Other, IP, Spanning Tree, CDP
GigabitEthernet0/12: Other, IP
GigabitEthernet0/13: Other, IP, CDP
GigabitEthernet0/14: Other, IP, Spanning Tree, CDP
GigabitEthernet0/15: Other, IP, Spanning Tree, CDP
GigabitEthernet0/16: Other, IP, Spanning Tree, CDP
GigabitEthernet0/17: Other, IP
GigabitEthernet0/18: Other, IP
GigabitEthernet0/19: Other, IP
GigabitEthernet0/20: Other, IP
<output truncated>
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show interfaces counters
This is an example of output from the show interfaces counters trunk command. It displays trunk
counters for all interfaces.
Switch# show interfaces counters trunk
Port
TrunkFramesTx
TrunkFramesRx
Gi0/1
4207
29123
Gi0/2
4207
14672
Gi0/3
4230
36486
Gi0/4
0
0
Gi0/5
0
0
Gi0/7
0
0
Gi0/8
0
0
Gi0/9
0
0
Gi0/10
0
0
Gi0/11
0
0
Gi0/12
0
0
Gi0/13
4228
0
Gi0/14
0
0
Gi0/15
0
0
Gi0/16
0
0
Gi0/17
0
0
Gi0/18
0
0
Gi0/19
0
0
Gi0/20
0
0
Gi0/21
0
0
WrongEncap
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
<output truncated>
Related Commands
Command
Description
show interfaces
Displays additional interface characteristics.
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show interfaces rep
show interfaces rep
To display Resilient Ethernet Protocol (REP) configuration and status for a specified interface or for all
interfaces, use the show interfaces rep command in user EXEC mode.
show interfaces [interface-id] rep [detail] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
interface-id
(Optional) Displays REP configuration and status for a specified physical interface
or port channel ID.
detail
(Optional) Displays detailed REP configuration and status information.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
In the output for the show interface rep [detail] command, in addition to an Open, Fail, or AP (alternate
port) state, the Port Role might show as Fail Logical Open (FailLogOpen) or Fail No Ext Neighbor
(FailNoNbr). These states indicate that the port is physically up, but REP is not configured on the
neighboring port. In this case, one port goes into a forwarding state for the data path to help maintain
connectivity during configuration. The Port Role for this port shows as Fail Logical Open; the port
forwards all data traffic on all VLANs. The other failed Port Role shows as Fail No Ext Neighbor; this
port blocks traffic for all VLANs.
When the external neighbors for the failed ports are configured, the failed ports go through the alternate
port state transitions and eventually go to an Open state or remain as the alternate port, based on the
alternate port election mechanism.
In the show interfaces rep command output, ports configured as edge no-neighbors are designated with
an asterisk (*) in front of Primary Edge or Secondary Edge. In the output of the show interfaces rep
detail command, No-Neighbor is spelled out.
The output of this command is also included in the show tech-support privileged EXEC command
output.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
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show interfaces rep
Examples
This is sample output from the show interface rep command:
Switch # show interface rep
Interface
Seg-id
Type
LinkOp
Role
---------------------- ------ ------------ ----------- ---GigabitEthernet 0/1
1
Primary Edge TWO_WAY
Open
GigabitEthernet 0/2
1
Edge
TWO_WAY
Open
FastEthernet 0/4
2
INIT_DOWN Fail
This is sample output from the show interface rep command when the edge port is configured to have
no REP neighbor. Note the asterisk (*) next to Primary Edge.
Switch# show interface
Interface
---------------------GigabitEthernet0/1
GigabitEthernet0/2
rep
Seg-id Type
------ -------------2
2
Primary Edge*
LinkOp
----------TWO_WAY
TWO_WAY
Role
---Open
Open
This is sample output from the show interface rep command when external neighbors are not
configured:
Switch # show interface rep
Interface
Seg-id
Type
LinkOp
Role
---------------------- ------ ------------ ----------- ---GigabitEthernet0/1
1
NO_NEIGHBOR FailNoNbr
GigabitEthernet0/2
2
NO_NEIGHBOR FailLogOpen
This is sample output from the show interface rep detail command for a specified interface:
Switch # show interface gigabitethernet0/2 rep detail
GigabitEthernet0/2
REP enabled
Segment-id: 1 (Segment)
PortID: 00030019E85BDD00
Preferred flag: No
Operational Link Status: INIT_DOWN
Current Key: 00000000000000000000
Port Role: Fail
Blocked VLAN: 1-4094
Admin-vlan: 1
Preempt Delay Timer: disabled
LSL Ageout Timer: 5000 ms
Configured Load-balancing Block Port: 1234567890123456
Configured Load-balancing Block VLAN: 1-4094
STCN Propagate to: none
LSL PDU rx: 0, tx: 0
HFL PDU rx: 0, tx: 0
BPA TLV rx: 0, tx: 0
BPA (STCN, LSL) TLV rx: 0, tx: 0
BPA (STCN, HFL) TLV rx: 0, tx: 0
EPA-ELECTION TLV rx: 0, tx: 0
EPA-COMMAND TLV rx: 0, tx: 0
EPA-INFO TLV rx: 0, tx: 0
Related Commands
Command
Description
rep segment
Enables REP on an interface and assigns a segment ID. This command is also
used to configure a port as an edge port, a primary edge port, or a preferred
port.
show rep topology
[detail]
Displays information about all ports in the segment, including which one was
configured and selected as the primary edge port.
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show interfaces transceiver
show interfaces transceiver
To display the physical properties of a small form-factor pluggable (SFP) module interface, use the show
interfaces transceiver command in privileged EXEC mode.
show interfaces [interface-id] transceiver [detail | module number | properties | supported-list |
threshold-table] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
interface-id
(Optional) Displays configuration and status for a specified physical
interface.
detail
(Optional) Displays calibration properties, including high and low numbers
and any alarm information for any Digital Optical Monitoring
(DoM)-capable transceiver if one is installed in the switch.
supported-list
(Optional) Lists all supported DoM transceivers.
threshold-table
(Optional) Displays alarm and warning threshold table.
Note
This keyword displays the thresholds that are programmed into SFP
hardware and are not those used to determine when to send alarms or
traps. To view those thresholds, enter the show interfaces
transceiver detail command.
module number
(Optional) Limits display to interfaces on module on the switch. The range
is 1 to 9. This option is not available if you entered a specific interface ID.
properties
(Optional) Displays speed, duplex, and inline power settings on an interface.
threshold-table
(Optional) Displays alarm and warning threshold table
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The threshold values shown in the outputs from the show interfaces transceiver threshold-table and
the show interfaces transceiver detail are not the same. The thresholds shown in the output from the
show interfaces transceiver threshold-table command are hard-coded in Cisco IOS, but are not
supported.
The thresholds shown in the output from the show interfaces transceiver detail command are read from
the SFP EEPROM and are supported. You should always use the show interfaces transceiver detail
command to view transceiver thresholds.
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show interfaces transceiver
Examples
This is an example of output from the show interfaces interface-id transceiver properties command:
Switch# show interfaces gigabitethernet0/1 transceiver properties
Diagnostic Monitoring is not implemented.
Name : Gi0/1
Administrative Speed: auto
Administrative Duplex: auto
Administrative Auto-MDIX: on
Administrative Power Inline: N/A
Operational Speed: 1000
Operational Duplex: full
Operational Auto-MDIX: on
Media Type: 10/100/1000BaseTX SFP
This is an example of output from the show interfaces transceiver dom-supported-list command:
Switch# show interfaces transceiver dom-supported-list
Transceiver Type
Cisco p/n min version
supporting DOM
-----------------------------------------DWDM GBIC
ALL
DWDM SFP
ALL
RX only WDM GBIC
ALL
DWDM XENPAK
ALL
DWDM X2
ALL
DWDM XFP
ALL
CWDM GBIC
NONE
CWDM X2
ALL
CWDM XFP
ALL
XENPAK ZR
ALL
X2 ZR
ALL
XFP ZR
ALL
Rx_only_WDM_XENPAK
ALL
XENPAK_ER
10-1888-03
X2_ER
ALL
XFP_ER
ALL
XENPAK_LR
10-1838-04
X2_LR
ALL
<output truncated>
This is an example of output from the show interfaces transceiver threshold-table command. Note that
these are thresholds programmed into IOS software, and are NOT used to determine alarms.
Optical Tx
Optical Rx
-------------
DWDM GBIC
Min1
-0.50
Min2
-0.30
Max2
3.29
Max1
3.50
DWDM SFP
Min1
-0.50
Min2
-0.30
Max2
4.30
Max1
4.50
RX only WDM GBIC
Min1
N/A
Min2
N/A
Max2
N/A
Max1
N/A
DWDM XENPAK
Min1
-1.50
Temp
Laser Bias
-------------
------
Voltage
current
------------
---------
-28.50
-28.29
-6.69
6.00
0
5
60
70
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
4.50
4.75
5.25
5.50
-28.50
-28.29
-9.50
9.30
0
5
60
70
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
3.00
3.09
3.59
3.70
-28.50
-28.29
-6.69
6.00
0
5
60
70
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
4.50
4.75
5.25
5.50
-24.50
0
N/A
N/A
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show interfaces transceiver
Min2
Max2
Max1
DWDM X2
Min1
Min2
Max2
Max1
DWDM XFP
Min1
Min2
Max2
Max1
CWDM X2
Min1
Min2
Max2
Max1
Related Commands
-1.29
3.29
3.50
-24.29
-6.69
4.00
5
60
70
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
-1.50
-1.29
3.29
3.50
-24.50
-24.29
-6.69
4.00
0
5
60
70
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
-1.50
-1.29
3.29
3.50
-24.50
-24.29
-6.69
4.00
0
5
60
70
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
0
0
0
0
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Command
Description
show interfaces
Displays additional interface characteristics.
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show inventory
show inventory
To display product identification (PID) information for the hardware, use the show inventory command
in user EXEC mode.
show inventory [entity-name | raw] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
entity-name
(Optional) Displays the specified entity. For example, enter the interface
(such as gigabitethernet 0/x) into which a small form-factor pluggable (SFP)
module is installed to display its identity.
raw
(Optional) Displays every entity in the device.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The command is case sensitive. With no arguments, the show inventory command produces a compact
display of all identifiable entities that have a product identifier. The display shows the entity location
(slot identity), entity description, and the unique device identifier (UDI), including PID, version
identifier (VID), and serial number (SN) of that entity.
Many legacy SFPs are not programmed with PIDs and VID.s
Note
If there is no PID, no output appears when you enter the show inventory command.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
Examples
This is example output from the show inventory command:
Switch> show inventory
NAME: "1", DESCR: "model-id"
PID: model-id , VID:Vo1 , SN: FSJC0407839
NAME: "GigabitEthernet0/1", DESCR:
PID:
, VID:
NAME: "GigabitEthernet0/2", DESCR:
PID:
, VID:
"100BaseBX-10U SFP"
, SN: NEC08440067
"10/100/1000BaseTX SFP"
, SN: 00000MTC0839048G
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show ip igmp profile
show ip igmp profile
To display all configured Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) profiles or a specified IGMP
profile, use the show ip igmp profile command in privileged EXEC mode.
show ip igmp profile [profile number] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
profile number
(Optional) The IGMP profile number to be displayed. The range is 1 to
4294967295. If no profile number is entered, all IGMP profiles are displayed.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History52
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
Examples
These are examples of output from the show ip igmp profile privileged EXEC command, with and
without specifying a profile number. If no profile number is entered, the display includes all profiles
configured on the switch.
Switch# show ip igmp profile 40
IGMP Profile 40
permit
range 233.1.1.1 233.255.255.255
Switch# show ip igmp profile
IGMP Profile 3
range 230.9.9.0 230.9.9.0
IGMP Profile 4
permit
range 229.9.9.0 229.255.255.255
Related Commands
Command
Description
ip igmp profile
Configures the specified IGMP profile number.
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show ip igmp snooping
show ip igmp snooping
To display the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping configuration of the switch or the
VLAN, use the show ip igmp snooping command in user EXEC mode.
show ip igmp snooping [groups | mrouter | querier [vlan vlan-id] [detail]] [vlan vlan-id] [detail]
[ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
Note
groups
(Optional) See the show ip igmp snooping groups command.
mrouter
(Optional) See the show ip igmp snooping mrouter command.
querier
(Optional) See the show ip igmp snooping querier command.
vlan vlan-id
(Optional) Specifies a VLAN; the range is 1 to 1001 and 1006 to 4094 (available
only in privileged EXEC mode).
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Although visible in the command line interface help, the querier keyword is not supported.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Use this command to display snooping configuration for the switch or for a specific VLAN.
VLAN IDs 1002 to 1005 are reserved for Token Ring and FDDI VLANs and cannot be used in IGMP
snooping.
Although visible in the output display, output lines for source-only learning are not valid.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show ip igmp snooping vlan 1 command. It shows snooping
characteristics for a specific VLAN.
Switch# show ip igmp snooping vlan 1
Global IGMP Snooping configuration:
----------------------------------IGMP snooping
:Enabled
IGMPv3 snooping (minimal) :Enabled
Report suppression
:Enabled
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show ip igmp snooping
TCN solicit query
:Disabled
TCN flood query count
:2
Last member query interval : 100
Vlan 1:
-------IGMP snooping
Immediate leave
Multicast router learning mode
Source only learning age timer
CGMP interoperability mode
Last member query interval : 100
Note
:Enabled
:Disabled
:pim-dvmrp
:10
:IGMP_ONLY
Source-only learning are not supported, and information appearing for this feature is not valid.
This is an example of output from the show ip igmp snooping command. It displays snooping
characteristics for all VLANs on the switch.
Switch> show ip igmp snooping
Global IGMP Snooping configuration:
----------------------------------IGMP snooping
: Enabled
IGMPv3 snooping (minimal) : Enabled
Report suppression
: Enabled
TCN solicit query
: Disabled
TCN flood query count
: 2
Last member query interval : 100
Vlan 1:
-------IGMP snooping
Immediate leave
Multicast router learning mode
Source only learning age timer
CGMP interoperability mode
Last member query interval
:Enabled
:Disabled
:pim-dvmrp
:10
:IGMP_ONLY
: 100
Vlan 2:
-------IGMP snooping
Immediate leave
Multicast router learning mode
Source only learning age timer
CGMP interoperability mode
Last member query interval
:Enabled
:Disabled
:pim-dvmrp
:10
:IGMP_ONLY
: 333
<output truncated>
Related Commands
Command
Description
ip igmp snooping
Enables and configures IGMP snooping on the switch or on
a VLAN.
show ip igmp snooping mrouter
Displays IGMP snooping multicast router ports for the
switch or for the specified multicast VLAN.
show ip igmp snooping querier
Displays the configuration and operation information for
the IGMP querier configured on a switch.
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show ip igmp snooping groups
show ip igmp snooping groups
To display the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping multicast table or multicast
information for the switch, use the show ip igmp snooping groups command in privileged EXEC
command. To display the multicast table for a specified multicast VLAN or to diplay specific multicast
information, use with the vlan keyword.
show ip igmp snooping groups [count] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
show ip igmp snooping groups vlan vlan-id [ip_address | count] [ | {begin | exclude | include}
expression]
Syntax Description
count
(Optional) Displays the total number of entries for the specified command
options instead of the actual entries.
ip_address
(Optional) Displays characteristics of the multicast group with the specified group
IP address.
vlan-id
(Optional) Specifies a VLAN; the range is 1 to 1001 and 1006 to 4094.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Use this command to display multicast information or the multicast table.
VLAN IDs 1002 to 1005 are reserved for Token Ring and FDDI VLANs and cannot be used in IGMP
snooping.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
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show ip igmp snooping groups
Examples
This is an example of output from the show ip igmp snooping groups command without any keywords.
It displays the multicast table for the switch.
Switch# show ip igmp snooping groups
Vlan
Group
Type
Version
Port List
------------------------------------------------------------104
224.1.4.2
igmp
v2
Gi0/1, Gi0/2
104
224.1.4.3
igmp
v2
Gi0/1, Gi0/2
This is an example of output from the show ip igmp snooping groups count command. It displays the
total number of multicast groups on the switch.
Switch# show ip igmp snooping groups count
Total number of multicast groups: 2
This is an example of output from the show ip igmp snooping groups vlan vlan-id ip-address
command. It shows the entries for the group with the specified IP address.
Switch# show ip igmp snooping groups vlan 104 224.1.4.2
Vlan
Group
Type
Version
Port List
------------------------------------------------------------104
224.1.4.2
igmp
v2
Gi0/1, Gi0/5
Related Commands
Command
Description
ip igmp snooping
Enables and configures IGMP snooping on the switch or on a
VLAN.
show ip igmp snooping
Displays the IGMP snooping configuration of the switch or the
VLAN.
show ip igmp snooping mrouter
Displays IGMP snooping multicast router ports for the switch or
for the specified multicast VLAN.
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show ip igmp snooping mrouter
show ip igmp snooping mrouter
To display the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping dynamically learned and
manually configured multicast router ports for the switch or for the specified multicast VLAN, use the
show ip igmp snooping mrouter command in privileged EXEC mode.
show ip igmp snooping mrouter [vlan vlan-id] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
vlan vlan-id
(Optional) Specifies a VLAN; the range is 1 to 1001 and 1006 to 4094.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Use this command to display multicast router ports on the switch or for a specific VLAN.
VLAN IDs 1002 to 1005 are reserved for Token Ring and FDDI VLANs and cannot be used in IGMP
snooping.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show ip igmp snooping mrouter command. It shows how to
display multicast router ports on the switch.
Switch#
Vlan
---1
Related Commands
show ip igmp snooping mrouter
ports
----Gi0/1(dynamic)
Command
Description
ip igmp snooping
Enables and configures IGMP snooping on the switch or a VLAN.
ip igmp snooping vlan mrouter
Adds a multicast router port to a multicast VLAN.
show ip igmp snooping
Displays the IGMP snooping configuration of the switch or VLAN.
show ip igmp snooping groups
Displays IGMP snooping multicast information for the switch or
for the specified parameter.
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show ipc
show ipc
To display Interprocess Communications Protocol (IPC) configuration, status, and statistics, use the
show ipc command in user EXEC mode.
show ipc {hog-info | mcast {appclass | groups | status} | nodes | ports [open] | queue | rpc |
session {all | rx | tx} [verbose] | status [cumlulative] | zones} [ | {begin | exclude | include}
expression]
Syntax Description
mcast {appclass |
groups | status}
Displays the IPC multicast routing information. The keywords have these
meanings:
•
appclass—Display the IPC multicast application classes.
•
groups—Display the IPC multicast groups.
•
status—Display the IPC multicast routing status.
nodes
Displays participating nodes.
ports [open]
Displays local IPC ports. The keyword has this meaning:
•
open—(Optional) Display only the open ports.
queue
Displays the contents of the IPC transmission queue.
rpc
Displays the IPC remote-procedure statistics.
session {all | rx | tx} Displays the IPC session statistics (available only in privileged EXEC mode).
The keywords have these meanings:
verbose
•
all—Display all the session statistics.
•
rx—Display the sessions statistics for traffic that the switch receives
•
tx—Display the sessions statistics for traffic that the switch forwards.
(Optional) Displays detailed statistics (available only in privileged EXEC
mode).
status [cumlulative] Displays the status of the local IPC server. The keyword has this meaning:
•
cumlulative—(Optional) Display the status of the local IPC server since
the switch was started or restarted.
zones
Displays participating IPC zones. The switch supports one IPC zone.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
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Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This example shows how to display the IPC routing status:
Switch> show ipc mcast status
IPC Mcast Status
Tx
Rx
Total
Total
Total
Total
Frames
control Frames
Frames dropped
control Frames dropped
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Total
Total
Total
Total
Reliable messages
Reliable messages acknowledged
Out of Band Messages
Out of Band messages acknowledged
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Total No Mcast groups
Total Retries
Total OOB Retries
Total flushes
0
0
0
Total Timeouts
Total OOB Timeouts
Total No ports
0
0
0
This example shows how to display the participating nodes:
Switch> show ipc nodes
There is 1 node in this IPC realm.
ID
Type
Name
Last
Sent
10000 Local
IPC Master
0
Last
Heard
0
This example shows how to display the local IPC ports:
Switch> show ipc ports
There are 8 ports defined.
Port ID
Type
Name
(current/peak/total)
There are 8 ports defined.
10000.1
unicast
IPC Master:Zone
10000.2
unicast
IPC Master:Echo
10000.3
unicast
IPC Master:Control
10000.4
unicast
IPC Master:Init
10000.5
unicast
FIB Master:DFS.process_level.msgs
10000.6
unicast
FIB Master:DFS.interrupt.msgs
10000.7
unicast
MDFS RP:Statistics
port_index = 0 seat_id = 0x10000
last sent = 0
last heard = 0
0/2/159
10000.8
unicast
Slot 1 :MDFS.control.RIL
port_index = 0 seat_id = 0x10000
last sent = 0
0/0/0
last heard = 0
RPC packets:current/peak/total
0/1/4
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show ipc
This example shows how to display the contents of the IPC retransmission queue:
Switch> show ipc queue
There are 0 IPC messages waiting for acknowledgement in the transmit queue.
There are 0 IPC messages waiting for a response.
There are 0 IPC messages waiting for additional fragments.
There are 0 IPC messages currently on the IPC inboundQ.
Messages currently in use
:
3
Message cache size
:
1000
Maximum message cache usage
:
1000
0
times message cache crossed
5000 [max]
Emergency messages currently in use
:
0
There are 2 messages currently reserved for reply msg.
Inbound message queue depth 0
Zone inbound message queue depth 0
This example shows how to display all the IPC session statistics:
Switch# show ipc session all
Tx Sessions:
Port ID
Type
Name
10000.7
Unicast
MDFS RP:Statistics
port_index = 0 type = Unreliable
last sent = 0
Msgs requested = 180 Msgs returned = 180
last heard = 0
10000.8
Unicast
Slot 1 :MDFS.control.RIL
port_index = 0 type = Reliable
last sent = 0
Msgs requested = 0
Msgs returned = 0
last heard = 0
Rx Sessions:
Port ID
Type
Name
10000.7
Unicast
MDFS RP:Statistics
port_index = 0 seat_id = 0x10000
last sent = 0
No of msgs requested = 180
Msgs returned = 180
last heard = 0
10000.8
Unicast
Slot 1 :MDFS.control.RIL
port_index = 0 seat_id = 0x10000
last sent = 0
No of msgs requested = 0
Msgs returned = 0
last heard = 0
This example shows how to display the status of the local IPC server:
Switch> show ipc status cumulative
IPC System Status
Time last IPC stat cleared :never
This processor is the IPC master server.
Do not drop output of IPC frames for test purposes.
1000 IPC Message Headers Cached.
Rx Side
Total
0
Total
Total
Total
Tx Side
Frames
12916
608
0
from Local Ports
Protocol Control Frames
Frames Dropped
13080
116
0
574
17
0
Service Usage
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Total via Unreliable Connection-Less Service
Total via Unreliable Sequenced Connection-Less Svc
Total via Reliable Connection-Oriented Service
12783
0
17
171
0
116
<output truncated>
Related Commands
Command
Description
clear ipc
Clears the IPC multicast routing statistics.
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show lacp
show lacp
To display Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP) channel-group information, use the show lacp
command in user EXEC mode.
show lacp [channel-group-number] {counters | internal | neighbor | sys-id} [ | {begin | exclude |
include} expression]
Syntax Description
channel-group-number
(Optional) Number of the channel group. The range is 1 to 26.
counters
Displays traffic information.
internal
Displays internal information.
neighbor
Displays neighbor information.
sys-id
Displays the system identifier that is being used by LACP. The system
identifier is made up of the LACP system priority and the switch MAC
address.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can enter any show lacp command to display the active channel-group information. To display
specific channel information, enter the show lacp command with a channel-group number.
If you do not specify a channel group, information for all channel groups appears.
You can enter the channel-group-number option to specify a channel group for all keywords except
sys-id.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show lacp counters user EXEC command. Table 2-16 describes
the fields in the display.
Switch> show lacp counters
LACPDUs
Marker
Marker Response
LACPDUs
Port
Sent
Recv
Sent
Recv
Sent
Recv
Pkts Err
--------------------------------------------------------------------Channel group:1
Gi0/1
19
10
0
0
0
0
0
Gi0/2
14
6
0
0
0
0
0
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show lacp
Table 2-10
show lacp counters Field Descriptions
Field
Description
LACPDUs Sent and Recv
The number of LACP packets sent and received by a port.
Marker Sent and Recv
The number of LACP marker packets sent and received by a port.
Marker Response Sent and Recv
The number of LACP marker response packets sent and received by a port.
LACPDUs Pkts and Err
The number of unknown and illegal packets received by LACP for a port.
This is an example of output from the show lacp internal command:
Switch> show lacp 1 internal
Flags: S - Device is requesting Slow LACPDUs
F - Device is requesting Fast LACPDUs
A - Device is in Active mode
P - Device is in Passive mode
Channel group 1
Port
Gi0/1
Gi0/2
Flags
SA
SA
State
bndl
bndl
LACP port
Priority
32768
32768
Admin
Key
0x3
0x3
Oper
Key
0x3
0x3
Port
Number
0x4
0x5
Port
State
0x3D
0x3D
Table 2-17 describes the fields in the display.
Table 2-11
show lacp internal Field Descriptions
Field
Description
State
State of the specific port. These are the allowed values:
•
– —Port is in an unknown state.
•
bndl—Port is attached to an aggregator and bundled with other ports.
•
susp—Port is in a suspended state; it is not attached to any aggregator.
•
hot-sby—Port is in a hot-standby state.
•
indiv—Port is incapable of bundling with any other port.
•
indep—Port is in an independent state (not bundled but able to switch data traffic.
In this case, LACP is not running on the partner port).
•
down—Port is down.
LACP Port Priority
Port priority setting. LACP uses the port priority to put ports s in standby mode when
there is a hardware limitation that prevents all compatible ports from aggregating.
Admin Key
Administrative key assigned to this port. LACP automatically generates an
administrative key value as a hexadecimal number. The administrative key defines the
ability of a port to aggregate with other ports. A port’s ability to aggregate with other
ports is determined by the port physical characteristics (for example, data rate and
duplex capability) and configuration restrictions that you establish.
Oper Key
Runtime operational key that is being used by this port. LACP automatically generates
this value as a hexadecimal number.
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show lacp
Table 2-11
show lacp internal Field Descriptions (continued)
Field
Description
Port Number
Port number.
Port State
State variables for the port, encoded as individual bits within a single octet with these
meanings:
•
bit0: LACP_Activity
•
bit1: LACP_Timeout
•
bit2: Aggregation
•
bit3: Synchronization
•
bit4: Collecting
•
bit5: Distributing
•
bit6: Defaulted
•
bit7: Expired
Note
In the above list, bit7 is the MSB and bit0 is the LSB.
This is an example of output from the show lacp neighbor command:
Switch> show lacp neighbor
Flags: S - Device is sending Slow LACPDUs F - Device is sending Fast LACPDUs
A - Device is in Active mode
P - Device is in Passive mode
Channel group 3 neighbors
Partner’s information:
Port
Gi0/1
Partner
System ID
32768,0007.eb49.5e80
LACP Partner
Port Priority
32768
Partner
Port Number
0xC
Partner
Oper Key
0x3
Age
19s
Partner
Flags
SP
Partner
Port State
0x3C
Partner’s information:
Port
Gi0/2
Partner
System ID
32768,0007.eb49.5e80
LACP Partner
Port Priority
32768
Partner
Port Number
0xD
Partner
Oper Key
0x3
Age
15s
Partner
Flags
SP
Partner
Port State
0x3C
This is an example of output from the show lacp sys-id command:
Switch> show lacp sys-id
32765,0002.4b29.3a00
The system identification is made up of the system priority and the system MAC address. The first two
bytes are the system priority, and the last six bytes are the globally administered individual MAC address
associated to the system.
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Related Commands
Command
Description
clear lacp
Clears the LACP channel-group information.
lacp port-priority
Configures the LACP port priority.
lacp system-priority
Configures the LACP system priority.
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show location
show location
To display location information for a Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) endpoint, use the show
location command in user EXEC mode.
show location admin-tag | [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
show location civic-location {identifier id number | interface interface-id | static} | [ | {begin |
exclude | include} expression]
show location elin-location {identifier id number | interface interface-id | static} | [ | {begin |
exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
admin-tag
Displays administrative tag or site information.
civic-location
Displays civic location information.
elin-location
Displays emergency location information (ELIN).
identifier id
Specifies the ID for the civic location or the elin location. The id range
is 1 to 4095.
interface interface-id
Displays location information for the specified interface or all
interfaces. Valid interfaces include physical ports.
static
Displays static configuration information.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Use the show location command to display location information for an endpoint.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
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Examples
This is an example of output from the show location civic-location command that displays location
information for an interface:
Switch> show location civic interface gigabitethernet 0/1
Civic location information
-------------------------Identifier
: 1
County
: Santa Clara
Street number
: 3550
Building
: 19
Room
: C6
Primary road name
: Cisco Way
City
: San Jose
State
: CA
Country
: US
This is an example of output from the show location civic-location command that displays all the civic
location information:
Switch> show location civic-location static
Civic location information
-------------------------Identifier
: 1
County
: Santa Clara
Street number
: 3550
Building
: 19
Room
: C6
Primary road name
: Cisco Way
City
: San Jose
State
: CA
Country
: US
Ports
: Gi0/1
-------------------------Identifier
: 2
Street number
: 24568
Street number suffix
: West
Landmark
: Golden Gate Bridge
Primary road name
: 19th Ave
City
: San Francisco
Country
: US
--------------------------
This is an example of output from the show location elin-location command that displays the emergency
location information:
Switch> show location elin-location identifier 1
Elin location information
-------------------------Identifier : 1
Elin
: 14085553881
Ports
: Gi0/2
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This is an example of output from the show location elin static command that displays all emergency
location information:
Switch> show location elin static
Elin location information
-------------------------Identifier : 1
Elin
: 14085553881
Ports
: Gi0/2
-------------------------Identifier : 2
Elin
: 18002228999
--------------------------
Related Commands
Command
Description
location (global configuration)
Configures the global location information for an endpoint.
location (interface configuration)
Configures the location information for an interface.
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show logging onboard
show logging onboard
To display the on-board failure logging (OBFL) information, use the show logging onboard command
in privileged EXEC mode.
show logging onboard [module [slot-number]] [clilog | environment | message |temperature |
uptime | voltage] [continuous | detail | summary] [start hh:mm:ss day month year] [end
hh:mm:ss day month year]} [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
module [slot-number]
(Optional) The module slot number is always 1 and is not relevant for
the switch.
clilog
Displays the OBFL CLI commands that were entered on the switch.
environment
Displays the unique device identifier (UDI) information for the switch
and for all the connected devices: the product identification (PID), the
version identification (VID), and the serial number.
message
Displays the hardware-related system messages generated by the
switch.
temperature
Displays the temperature of the switch.
uptime
Displays the time when the switch starts, the reason the switch restarts,
and the length of time the switch has been running since it last
restarted.
voltage
Displays the system voltages of the switch.
continuous
(Optional) Displays the data in the continuous file. For more
information, see the “Usage Guidelines” section.
summary
(Optional) Displays the data in the summary file. For more information,
see the “Usage Guidelines” section.
start hh:mm:ss day month
year
(Optional) Displays the data from the specified time and date. For more
information, see the “Usage Guidelines” section.
end hh:mm:ss day month year (Optional) Displays the data up to the specified time and date. For more
information, see the “Usage Guidelines” section.
detail
(Optional) Displays both the continuous and summary data.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Defaults
There is no default.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
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Usage Guidelines
When OBFL is enabled, the switch records all the OBFL data in a continuous, circular file. When the
continuous file is full, the switch combines the data into a summary file, which is also known as a
historical file. The switch then continues to write new data to the continuous file.
Use the start and end keywords to display data collected only during a particular time period. When
specifying the start and end times, follow these guidelines:
•
hh:mm:ss—Enter the time as a 2-digit number for a 24-hour clock. Make sure to use the colons (:).
For example, enter 13:32:45.
•
day—Enter the day of the month. The range is from 1 to 31.
•
month—Enter the month in upper-case or lower-case letters. You can enter the full name of the
month, such as January or august, or the first three letters of the month, such as jan or Aug.
•
year—Enter the year as a 4-digit number, such as 2008. The range is from 1993 to 2035.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show logging onboard clilog continuous command:
Switch# show logging onboard clilog continuous
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------CLI LOGGING CONTINUOUS INFORMATION
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------MM/DD/YYYY HH:MM:SS COMMAND
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------05/12/2006 15:33:17 show logging onboard temperature detail
05/12/2006 15:33:21 show logging onboard voltage detail
05/12/2006 16:14:09 show logging onboard temperature summary
...
<output truncated>
....
05/16/2006 13:07:53 no hw-module module logging onboard message level
05/16/2006 13:16:13 show logging onboard uptime continuous
05/16/2006 13:39:18 show logging onboard uptime summary
05/16/2006 13:45:57 show logging onboard clilog summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This is an example of output from the show logging onboard message command:
Switch# show logging onboard message
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------ERROR MESSAGE SUMMARY INFORMATION
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Facility-Sev-Name
| Count | Persistence Flag
MM/DD/YYYY HH:MM:SS
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------No historical data to display
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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This is an example of output from the show logging onboard status command:
Switch# show logging onboard status
Devices registered with infra
Slot no.: 0 Subslot no.: 0, Device obfl0:
Application name clilog :
Path : obfl0:
CLI enable status : enabled
Platform enable status: enabled
Application name environment :
Path : obfl0:
CLI enable status : enabled
Platform enable status: enabled
Application name errmsg :
Path : obfl0:
CLI enable status : enabled
Platform enable status: enabled
Application name poe :
Path : obfl0:
CLI enable status : enabled
Platform enable status: enabled
Application name temperature :
Path : obfl0:
CLI enable status : enabled
Platform enable status: enabled
Application name uptime :
Path : obfl0:
CLI enable status : enabled
Platform enable status: enabled
Application name voltage :
Path : obfl0:
CLI enable status : enabled
Platform enable status: enabled
This is an example of output from the show logging onboard temperature continuous command:
Switch# show logging onboard temperature continuous
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------TEMPERATURE CONTINUOUS INFORMATION
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Sensor
|
ID |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Board temperature
1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Time Stamp
|Sensor Temperature 0C
MM/DD/YYYY HH:MM:SS | 1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------05/12/2006 15:33:20
35
-----------05/12/2006 16:31:21
35
-----------05/12/2006 17:31:21
35
-----------05/12/2006 18:31:21
35
-----------05/12/2006 19:31:21
35
-----------05/12/2006 20:31:21
35
-----------05/12/2006 21:29:22
35
-----------05/12/2006 22:29:22
35
-----------05/12/2006 23:29:22
35
-----------05/13/2006 00:29:22
35
-----------05/13/2006 01:29:22
35
-----------05/13/2006 02:27:23
35
-----------05/13/2006 03:27:23
35
-----------05/13/2006 04:27:23
35
-----------05/13/2006 05:27:23
35
-----------05/13/2006 06:27:23
35
------------
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05/13/2006 07:25:24
05/13/2006 08:25:24
<output truncated>
36
35
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
This is an example of output from the show logging onboard uptime summary command:
Switch# show logging onboard uptime summary
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------UPTIME SUMMARY INFORMATION
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------First customer power on : 03/01/1993 00:03:50
Total uptime
:
0 years
0 weeks
3 days 21 hours 55 minutes
Total downtime
:
0 years
0 weeks
0 days
0 hours
0 minutes
Number of resets
: 2
Number of slot changes : 1
Current reset reason
: 0x0
Current reset timestamp : 03/01/1993 00:03:28
Current slot
: 1
Current uptime
:
0 years
0 weeks
0 days
0 hours 55 minutes
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Reset |
|
Reason | Count |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------No historical data to display
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This is an example of output from the show logging onboard voltage summary command:
Switch# show logging onboard voltage summary
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------VOLTAGE SUMMARY INFORMATION
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Number of sensors
: 8
Sampling frequency
: 60 seconds
Maximum time of storage
: 3600 minutes
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Sensor
|
ID | Maximum Voltage
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------12.00V
0
12.567
5.00V
1
5.198
3.30V
2
3.439
2.50V
3
2.594
1.50V
4
1.556
1.20V
5
1.239
1.00V
6
0.980
0.75V
7
0.768
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Nominal Range
Sensor ID
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------No historical data to display
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Related Commands
Command
Description
clear logging onboard
Removes the OBFL data in the flash memory.
hw-module module logging onboard
Enables OBFL.
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show mac access-group
show mac access-group
To display the MAC access control lists (ACLs) configured for an interface or a switch, use the show
mac access-group command in user EXEC mode.
show mac access-group [interface interface-id] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
interface interface-id
(Optional) Displays the MAC ACLs configured on a specific interface. Valid
interfaces are physical ports and port channels; the port-channel range is 1
to 48 (available only in privileged EXEC mode).
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show mac-access group user EXEC command. In this display,
Gigabit Ethernet interface 0/2 has the MAC access list macl_e1 applied to inbound traffic; no MAC
ACLs are applied to other interfaces.
Switch> show mac access-group
Interface GigabitEthernet0/1:
Inbound access-list is macl_e1
Outbound access-list is not set
Interface GigabitEthernet0/2:
Inbound access-list is not set
Outbound access-list is not set
Interface GigabitEthernet0/3:
Inbound access-list is not set
Outbound access-list is not set
Interface GigabitEthernet0/4:
Inbound access-list is not set
Outbound access-list is not set
Interface GigabitEthernet0/5:
Inbound access-list is not set
Outbound access-list is not set
<output truncated>
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show mac access-group
This is an example of output from the show mac access-group interface gigabitethernet0/1 command:
Switch# show mac access-group interface gigabitethernet0/1
Interface GigabitEthernet0/1:
Inbound access-list is macl_e1
Related Commands
Command
Description
mac access-group
Applies a MAC access group to an interface.
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show mac address-table
show mac address-table
To display a specific MAC address table static and dynamic entry, or the MAC address table static and
dynamic entries on a specific interface or VLAN, use the show mac address-table command in user
EXEC mode.
show mac address-table [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show mac address-table command:
Switch> show mac address-table
Mac Address Table
-----------------------------------------Vlan
Mac Address
Type
Ports
--------------------All
0000.0000.0001
STATIC
CPU
All
0000.0000.0002
STATIC
CPU
All
0000.0000.0003
STATIC
CPU
All
0000.0000.0009
STATIC
CPU
All
0000.0000.0012
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.000b
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.000c
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.000d
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.000e
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.000f
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.0010
STATIC
CPU
1
0030.9441.6327
DYNAMIC
Gi0/4
Total Mac Addresses for this criterion: 12
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show mac address-table
Related Commands
Command
Description
clear mac address-table dynamic
Deletes from the MAC address table a specific dynamic
address, all dynamic addresses on a particular interface, or all
dynamic addresses on a particular VLAN.
show mac address-table aging-time
Displays the aging time in all VLANs or the specified VLAN.
show mac address-table count
Displays the number of addresses present in all VLANs or the
specified VLAN.
show mac address-table dynamic
Displays dynamic MAC address table entries only.
show mac address-table interface
Displays the MAC address table information for the specified
interface.
show mac address-table notification Displays the MAC address notification settings for all
interfaces or the specified interface.
show mac address-table static
Displays static MAC address table entries only.
show mac address-table vlan
Displays the MAC address table information for the specified
VLAN.
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show mac address-table address
show mac address-table address
To display MAC address table information for the specified MAC address, use the show mac
address-table address command in user EXEC mode.
show mac address-table address mac-address [bridge-domain number] [interface interface-id]
[vlan vlan-id] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
mac-address
Specifies the 48-bit MAC address; the valid format is H.H.H.
bridge-domain
number]
(Optional) Displays information for the specified Ethernet Flow Point (EFP)
bridge domain. The range is from 1 to 8000.
interface interface-id
(Optional) Displays information for a specific interface. Valid interfaces
include physical ports and port channels.
vlan vlan-id
(Optional) Displays entries for the specific VLAN only. The range is 1 to
4094.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show mac address-table address command:
Switch# show mac address-table address 0014.c23b.3573
Mac Address Table
------------------------------------------Vlan
Mac Address
Type
Ports
------------------------1
0014.c23b.3573
DYNAMIC
Gi0/5
3
0014.c23b.3573
DYNAMIC
Gi0/2+Efp66
Total Mac Addresses for this criterion: 2
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show mac address-table address
Related Commands
Command
Description
show mac address-table aging-time
Displays the aging time in all VLANs or the specified VLAN.
show mac address-table count
Displays the number of addresses present in all VLANs or the
specified VLAN.
show mac address-table dynamic
Displays dynamic MAC address table entries only.
show mac address-table interface
Displays the MAC address table information for the specified
interface.
show mac address-table notification Displays the MAC address notification settings for all
interfaces or the specified interface.
show mac address-table static
Displays static MAC address table entries only.
show mac address-table vlan
Displays the MAC address table information for the specified
VLAN.
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show mac address-table aging-time
show mac address-table aging-time
To display the aging time of a specific address table instance, or all address table instances on a specified
VLAN or bridge domain or on all VLANs and bridge domains, use the show mac address-table
aging-time command in user EXEC mode.
show mac address-table aging-time [bridge-domain number] [routed-mac] [vlan vlan-id] [ |
{begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
bridge-domain number (Optional) Displays aging time for the specified Ethernet Flow Point (EFP)
bridge domain. The range is from 1 to 8000.
routed-mac
(Optional) Displays aging time for routed MAC addresses.
vlan vlan-id
(Optional) Displays aging time information for a specific VLAN. The range
is 1 to 4094.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
If no VLAN number is specified, the aging time for all VLANs appears.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show mac address-table aging-time command:
Switch> show mac address-table aging-time
Global Aging Time: 300
Vlan
Aging Time
-------------
This is an example of output from the show mac address-table aging-time vlan 10 command:
Switch> show mac address-table aging-time vlan 10
Vlan
Aging Time
------------10
300
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show mac address-table aging-time
This is an example of output from the show mac address-table aging-time for a bridge domain:
Switch> show mac address-table aging-time bridge-domain 66
Global Aging Time: 300
BD
Aging Time
------------66
200
Related Commands
Command
Description
mac address-table aging-time
Sets the length of time that a dynamic entry remains in the MAC
address table after the entry is used or updated.
show mac address-table address
Displays MAC address table information for the specified MAC
address.
show mac address-table count
Displays the number of addresses present in all VLANs or the
specified VLAN.
show mac address-table dynamic
Displays dynamic MAC address table entries only.
show mac address-table interface Displays the MAC address table information for the specified
interface.
show mac address-table
notification
Displays the MAC address notification settings for all interfaces
or the specified interface.
show mac address-table static
Displays static MAC address table entries only.
show mac address-table vlan
Displays the MAC address table information for the specified
VLAN.
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show mac address-table bridge-domain
show mac address-table bridge-domain
To display the MAC address table information for the specified bridge domain, use the show mac
address-table bridge-domain command in user EXEC mode.
show mac address-table bridge-domain number [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
number
Specifies the Ethernet Flow Point (EFP) bridge domain number. The range
is 1 to 8000.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show mac address-table bridge-domain command:
Switch> show mac address-table interface bridge-domain 2
Mac Address Table
-----------------------------------------BD
Mac Address
Type
Ports
------------------------All
0100.0000.0000
STATIC
CPU
All
0100.0ccc.cccc
STATIC
CPU
All
0100.0ccc.cccd
STATIC
CPU
All
0100.0ccc.ccce
STATIC
CPU
All
0100.0ccd.cdd0
STATIC
CPU
All
0100.0cdd.dddd
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.0000
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.0001
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.0002
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.0003
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.0004
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.0005
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.0006
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.0007
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.0008
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.0009
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.000a
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.000b
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.000c
STATIC
CPU
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show mac address-table bridge-domain
All
0180.c200.000d
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.000e
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.000f
STATIC
CPU
All
0180.c200.0010
STATIC
CPU
All
ffff.ffff.ffff
STATIC
CPU
Total Mac Addresses for this criterion: 24
Related Commands
Command
Description
show mac address-table address
Displays MAC address table information for the specified
MAC address.
show mac address-table aging-time
Displays the aging time in all VLANs or the specified
VLAN.
show mac address-table count
Displays the number of addresses present in all VLANs or
the specified VLAN.
show mac address-table dynamic
Displays dynamic MAC address table entries only.
show mac address-table notification
Displays the MAC address notification settings for all
interfaces or the specified interface.
show mac address-table static
Displays static MAC address table entries only.
show mac address-table vlan
Displays the MAC address table information for the
specified VLAN.
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show mac address-table count
show mac address-table count
To display the number of addresses present in all VLANs or the specified VLAN, use the show mac
address-table count command in user EXEC mode.
show mac address-table count [bridge-domain number] [vlan vlan-id] [ | {begin | exclude |
include} expression]
Syntax Description
bridge-domain
number
(Optional) Displays the number of addresses for a specific Ethernet Flow Point
(EFP) bridge domain. The range is 1 to 8000.
vlan vlan-id
(Optional) Displays the number of addresses for a specific VLAN. The range is 1 to
4094.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
If no VLAN number is specified, the address count for all VLANs appears.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show mac address-table count command:
Switch# show mac address-table count
Mac Entries for vlan 1:
--------------------------Dynamic Address Count : 69
Static Address Count : 0
Total Mac Addresses
: 69
Mac Entries for vlan 2:
--------------------------Dynamic Address Count : 0
Static Address Count : 0
Total Mac Addresses
: 0
Mac Entries for vlan 3:
--------------------------Dynamic Address Count : 52
Static Address Count : 0
Total Mac Addresses
: 52
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show mac address-table count
Mac Entries for vlan 44:
--------------------------Dynamic Address Count : 0
Static Address Count : 0
Total Mac Addresses
: 0
Total Mac Address Space Available: 255879
Related Commands
Command
Description
show mac address-table address
Displays MAC address table information for the specified
MAC address.
show mac address-table aging-time Displays the aging time in all VLANs or the specified VLAN.
show mac address-table dynamic
Displays dynamic MAC address table entries only.
show mac address-table interface
Displays the MAC address table information for the specified
interface.
show mac address-table
notification
Displays the MAC address notification settings for all
interfaces or the specified interface.
show mac address-table static
Displays static MAC address table entries only.
show mac address-table vlan
Displays the MAC address table information for the specified
VLAN.
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show mac address-table dynamic
show mac address-table dynamic
To display only dynamic MAC address table entries, use the show mac address-table dynamic
command in user EXEC mode.
show mac address-table dynamic [address mac-address] [bridge-domain number] [interface
interface-id] [vlan vlan-id] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
address mac-address
(Optional) Specifies a 48-bit MAC address; the valid format is H.H.H
(available in privileged EXEC mode only).
bridge-domain
number
(Optional) Displays entries for a specific Ethernet Flow Point (EFP) bridge
domain number. The range is from 1 to 8000.
interface interface-id
(Optional) Displays entries for a specific interface. Valid interfaces are
physical ports and port channels.
vlan vlan-id
(Optional) Displays entries for a specific VLAN. The range is 1 to 4094.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show mac address-table dynamic command:
Switch> show mac address-table dynamic
Mac Address Table
-----------------------------------------Vlan
Mac Address
Type
Ports
------------------------1
0003.e386.47f0
DYNAMIC
Gi0/5
1
0009.9b00.dd9d
DYNAMIC
Gi0/5
1
0009.9b01.2d25
DYNAMIC
Gi0/5
1
000c.2925.7d4d
DYNAMIC
Gi0/5
1
000c.298f.0d15
DYNAMIC
Gi0/5
1
000c.299b.b392
DYNAMIC
Gi0/5
1
000c.29d8.3445
DYNAMIC
Gi0/5
1
000e.0c9c.3af4
DYNAMIC
Gi0/5
1
000e.0ca8.44c8
DYNAMIC
Gi0/5
1
000e.0cab.2012
DYNAMIC
Gi0/5
1
000e.0cb8.88d1
DYNAMIC
Gi0/5
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show mac address-table dynamic
1
0011.1195.1574
DYNAMIC
Gi0/5
1
0011.1195.157c
DYNAMIC
Gi0/5
1
0011.11f1.ee7c
DYNAMIC
Gi0/5
1
0011.929c.5f58
DYNAMIC
Gi0/5
<output truncated>
3
0003.e386.47f0
DYNAMIC
Gi0/2+Efp66
3
0009.9b00.dd9d
DYNAMIC
Gi0/2+Efp66
3
0009.9b01.2d25
DYNAMIC
Gi0/2+Efp66
3
000c.2925.7d4d
DYNAMIC
Gi0/2+Efp66
3
000c.299b.b392
DYNAMIC
Gi0/2+Efp66
3
000c.29d8.3445
DYNAMIC
Gi0/2+Efp66
3
000e.0c9c.3af4
DYNAMIC
Gi0/2+Efp66
3
000e.0ca8.44c8
DYNAMIC
Gi0/2+Efp66
3
000e.0cab.2012
DYNAMIC
Gi0/2+Efp66
3
000e.0cb8.88d1
DYNAMIC
Gi0/2+Efp66
3
0011.1195.1574
DYNAMIC
Gi0/2+Efp66
3
0011.1195.157c
DYNAMIC
Gi0/2+Efp66
3
0011.11f1.ee7c
DYNAMIC
Gi0/2+Efp66
3
0011.929c.5f58
DYNAMIC
Gi0/2+Efp66
3
0014.c23b.3573
DYNAMIC
Gi0/2+Efp66
3
0015.600e.cffe
DYNAMIC
Gi0/2+Efp66
3
0016.7620.e292
DYNAMIC
Gi0/2+Efp66
3
0016.7620.f23c
DYNAMIC
Gi0/2+Efp66
3
0019.563f.4700
DYNAMIC
Gi0/2+Efp66
<output truncated>
Total Mac Addresses for this criterion: 129
Related Commands
Command
Description
clear mac address-table dynamic
Deletes from the MAC address table a specific dynamic
address, all dynamic addresses on a particular interface, or all
dynamic addresses on a particular VLAN.
show mac address-table address
Displays MAC address table information for the specified
MAC address.
show mac address-table aging-time
Displays the aging time in all VLANs or the specified VLAN.
show mac address-table count
Displays the number of addresses present in all VLANs or the
specified VLAN.
show mac address-table interface
Displays the MAC address table information for the specified
interface.
show mac address-table static
Displays static MAC address table entries only.
show mac address-table vlan
Displays the MAC address table information for the specified
VLAN.
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show mac address-table interface
show mac address-table interface
To display the MAC address table information for the specified interface in the specified VLAN, use the
show mac address-table interface command in user EXEC mode.
show mac address-table interface interface-id [vlan vlan-id] [ | {begin | exclude | include}
expression]
Syntax Description
interface-id
Specifies an interface type; valid interfaces include physical ports and port
channels.
vlan vlan-id
(Optional) Displays entries for a specific VLAN; the range is 1 to 4094.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show mac address-table interface command:
Switch> show mac address-table interface gigabitethernet0/2
Mac Address Table
-----------------------------------------Vlan
Mac Address
-------------1
0030.b635.7862
1
00b0.6496.2741
Total Mac Addresses for
Type
Ports
-------DYNAMIC Gi0/2
DYNAMIC Gi0/2
this criterion: 2
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show mac address-table interface
Related Commands
Command
Description
show mac address-table address
Displays MAC address table information for the specified
MAC address.
show mac address-table aging-time
Displays the aging time in all VLANs or the specified
VLAN.
show mac address-table count
Displays the number of addresses present in all VLANs or
the specified VLAN.
show mac address-table dynamic
Displays dynamic MAC address table entries only.
show mac address-table notification
Displays the MAC address notification settings for all
interfaces or the specified interface.
show mac address-table static
Displays static MAC address table entries only.
show mac address-table vlan
Displays the MAC address table information for the
specified VLAN.
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show mac address-table learning
show mac address-table learning
To display the status of MAC address learning for all VLANs and bridge domains or the specified VLAN
or bridge domain, use the show mac address-table learning command in user EXEC mode.
show mac address-table learning [bridge-domain number] [vlan vlan-id] [ | {begin | exclude |
include} expression]
Syntax Description
bridge-domain number (Optional) Displays information for a specific Ethernet Flow Point bridge
domain. The range is 1 to 8000.
vlan vlan-id
(Optional) Displays information for a specific VLAN. The range is 1 to
4094.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Use the show mac address-table learning command without any keywords to display configured
VLANs or bridge domains and whether MAC address learning is enabled or disabled on them. The
default is that MAC address learning is enabled on all VLANs and bridge domains. Use the command
with a specific VLAN ID or bridge domain number to display the learning status on an individual VLAN
or bridge domain.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show mac address-table learning user EXEC command showing
that MAC address learning is disabled on VLAN 200:
Switch> show mac address-table learning
VLAN
Learning Status
-----------------1
yes
100
yes
200
no
Related Commands
Command
Description
mac address-table learning
Configures MAC address learning on a VLAN or bridge domain.
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show mac address-table move update
show mac address-table move update
To display the MAC address-table move update information on the switch, use the show mac
address-table move update command in user EXEC mode.
show mac address-table move update [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show mac address-table move update command:
Switch> show mac address-table move update
Switch-ID : 010b.4630.1780
Dst mac-address : 0180.c200.0010
Vlans/Macs supported : 1023/8320
Default/Current settings: Rcv Off/On, Xmt Off/On
Max packets per min : Rcv 40, Xmt 60
Rcv packet count : 10
Rcv conforming packet count : 5
Rcv invalid packet count : 0
Rcv packet count this min : 0
Rcv threshold exceed count : 0
Rcv last sequence# this min : 0
Rcv last interface : Po2
Rcv last src-mac-address : 0003.fd6a.8701
Rcv last switch-ID : 0303.fd63.7600
Xmt packet count : 0
Xmt packet count this min : 0
Xmt threshold exceed count : 0
Xmt pak buf unavail cnt : 0
Xmt last interface : None
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Related Commands
Command
Description
clear mac address-table move update
Clears the MAC address-table move update counters.
mac address-table move update {receive |
transmit}
Configures MAC address-table move update on the
switch.
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show mac address-table notification
show mac address-table notification
To display the MAC address notification settings for all interfaces or the specified interface, use the
show mac address-table notification command in user EXEC mode.
show mac address-table notification {change [interface [interface-id] | mac-move | threshold}
[ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
change
Displays the MAC change notification feature parameters and the history
table.
interface
(Optional) Displays information for all interfaces. Valid interfaces include
physical ports and port channels.
interface-id
(Optional) Displays information for the specified interface. Valid interfaces
include physical ports and port channels.
mac-move
Displays status for MAC address move notifications.
threshold
Displays status for MAC-address table threshold monitoring.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Use the show mac address-table notification change command without keywords to see if the MAC
address change notification feature is enabled or disabled, the MAC notification interval, the maximum
number of entries allowed in the history table, and the history table contents.
Use the interface keyword to display the notifications for all interfaces. If the interface-id is included,
only the flags for that interface appear.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show mac address-table notification change command:
Switch> show mac address-table notification change
MAC Notification Feature is Enabled on the switch
Interval between Notification Traps : 60 secs
Number of MAC Addresses Added : 4
Number of MAC Addresses Removed : 4
Number of Notifications sent to NMS : 3
Maximum Number of entries configured in History Table : 100
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show mac address-table notification
Current History Table Length : 3
MAC Notification Traps are Enabled
History Table contents
---------------------History Index 0, Entry Timestamp 1032254, Despatch Timestamp 1032254
MAC Changed Message :
Operation: Added
Vlan: 2
MAC Addr: 0000.0000.0001 Module: 0
Port: 1
History Index 1, Entry Timestamp 1038254, Despatch Timestamp 1038254
MAC Changed Message :
Operation: Added
Vlan: 2
MAC Addr: 0000.0000.0000 Module: 0
Port: 1
Operation: Added
Vlan: 2
MAC Addr: 0000.0000.0002 Module: 0
Port: 1
Operation: Added
Vlan: 2
MAC Addr: 0000.0000.0003 Module: 0
Port: 1
History Index 2, Entry Timestamp 1074254, Despatch Timestamp 1074254
MAC Changed Message :
Operation: Deleted Vlan: 2
MAC Addr: 0000.0000.0000 Module: 0
Port:
Operation: Deleted Vlan: 2
MAC Addr: 0000.0000.0001 Module: 0
Port:
Operation: Deleted Vlan: 2
MAC Addr: 0000.0000.0002 Module: 0
Port:
Operation: Deleted Vlan: 2
MAC Addr: 0000.0000.0003 Module: 0
Port:
Related Commands
Command
1
1
1
1
Description
clear mac address-table notification Clears the MAC address notification global counters.
show mac address-table address
Displays MAC address table information for the specified
MAC address.
show mac address-table aging-time
Displays the aging time in all VLANs or the specified VLAN.
show mac address-table count
Displays the number of addresses present in all VLANs or the
specified VLAN.
show mac address-table dynamic
Displays dynamic MAC address table entries only.
show mac address-table interface
Displays the MAC address table information for the specified
interface.
show mac address-table static
Displays static MAC address table entries only.
show mac address-table vlan
Displays the MAC address table information for the specified
VLAN.
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show mac address-table static
show mac address-table static
To display only static MAC address table entries, use the show mac address-table static command in
user EXEC mode.
show mac address-table static [address mac-address] [bridge-domain number] [interface
interface-id] [vlan vlan-id]
[ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
address mac-address
(Optional) Specifies a 48-bit MAC address; the valid format is H.H.H
(available in privileged EXEC mode only).
bridge-domain number
(Optional) Displays information for a specific Ethernet Flow Point bridge
domain. The range is 1 to 8000.
interface interface-id
(Optional) Displays addresses for a specific interface. Valid interface
include physical ports and port channels.
vlan vlan-id
(Optional) Displays addresses for a specific VLAN. The range is 1 to 4094.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show mac address-table static command:
Switch> show mac address-table static
Mac Address Table
-----------------------------------------Vlan
Mac Address
-------------All
0100.0ccc.cccc
All
0180.c200.0000
All
0100.0ccc.cccd
All
0180.c200.0001
All
0180.c200.0004
All
0180.c200.0005
4
0001.0002.0004
6
0001.0002.0007
Total Mac Addresses for
Type
Ports
-------STATIC CPU
STATIC CPU
STATIC CPU
STATIC CPU
STATIC CPU
STATIC CPU
STATIC Drop
STATIC Drop
this criterion: 8
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Related Commands
Command
Description
mac address-table static
Adds static addresses to the MAC address table.
mac address-table static drop
Enables unicast MAC address filtering and configures the
switch to drop traffic with a specific source or destination
MAC address.
show mac address-table address
Displays MAC address table information for the specified
MAC address.
show mac address-table aging-time
Displays the aging time in all VLANs or the specified
VLAN.
show mac address-table count
Displays the number of addresses present in all VLANs or
the specified VLAN.
show mac address-table dynamic
Displays dynamic MAC address table entries only.
show mac address-table interface
Displays the MAC address table information for the
specified interface.
show mac address-table notification
Displays the MAC address notification settings for all
interfaces or the specified interface.
show mac address-table vlan
Displays the MAC address table information for the
specified VLAN.
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show mac address-table vlan
show mac address-table vlan
To display the MAC address table information for the specified VLAN, use the show mac address-table
vlan command in user EXEC mode.
show mac address-table vlan vlan-id [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
vlan-id
(Optional) Displays addresses for a specific VLAN. The range is 1 to 4094.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show mac address-table vlan 1 command:
Switch> show mac address-table vlan 1
Mac Address Table
-----------------------------------------Vlan
Mac Address
-------------1
0100.0ccc.cccc
1
0180.c200.0000
1
0100.0ccc.cccd
1
0180.c200.0001
1
0180.c200.0002
1
0180.c200.0003
1
0180.c200.0005
1
0180.c200.0006
1
0180.c200.0007
Total Mac Addresses for
Type
Ports
-------STATIC CPU
STATIC CPU
STATIC CPU
STATIC CPU
STATIC CPU
STATIC CPU
STATIC CPU
STATIC CPU
STATIC CPU
this criterion: 9
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show mac address-table vlan
Related Commands
Command
Description
show mac address-table address
Displays MAC address table information for the specified
MAC address.
show mac address-table aging-time
Displays the aging time in all VLANs or the specified
VLAN.
show mac address-table count
Displays the number of addresses present in all VLANs or
the specified VLAN.
show mac address-table dynamic
Displays dynamic MAC address table entries only.
show mac address-table interface
Displays the MAC address table information for the
specified interface.
show mac address-table notification
Displays the MAC address notification settings for all
interfaces or the specified interface.
show mac address-table static
Displays static MAC address table entries only.
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show network-clocks
show network-clocks
To display information about Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) clock configuration for the switch, use the
show network-clocks command in privileged EXEC mode.
show network-clocks [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC -
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show networks-clocks command:
Switch# show network-clocks
Network Clock Configuration
Input Clock BITS: invalid
Input Clock SYNCE Te0/1: valid
Input Clock SYNCE Te0/2 : valid
System Clock Lock Status (T0DPLL) : Free Run
Output Clock Generated from T4 DPLL
T4 DPLL Lock Status : Not Locked
System Clock Selected Ref: None
T4 DPLL Selected Ref: None
System Clock (T0 DPLL) Info:
Priority Source
Type
--------------------------------------------------------------T4 DPLL Clock Info:
Priority Source
Type
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------System Clock Mode : Revertive
EEC Option Configured : Option 1
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show network-clocks
System Clock State is Automatic
--------------------------------------------------------------hold-timeout : infinite
ESMC/SSM workaround using REP not configured
--------------------------------------------------------------Measured offset freq for input BITS is +483.87ppm (3.8 ppm resolution)
Measured offset freq for input Te0/1 is +0.0ppm (3.8 ppm resolution)
Measured offset freq for input Te0/2 is +0.0ppm (3.8 ppm resolution)
Measured offset freq for current path (T4 DPLL) is Not Available
Related Commands
Command
Description
network-clock-select
Configures the network clock for the switch..
set network-clocks
Set SyncE clock selection on the switch.
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show pagp
show pagp
To display Port Aggregation Protocol (PAgP) channel-group information, use the show pagp command
in user EXEC mode.
show pagp [channel-group-number] {counters | internal | neighbor} [ | {begin | exclude |
include} expression]]
Syntax Description
channel-group-number
(Optional) Number of the channel group. The range is 1 to 26.
counters
Displays PAgP traffic information.
internal
Displays PAgP internal information.
neighbor
Displays PAgP neighbor information.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can enter any show pagp command to display the active channel-group information. To display the
nonactive information, enter the show pagp command with a channel-group number.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output are appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show pagp 1 counters command:
Switch> show pagp 1 counters
Information
Flush
Port
Sent
Recv
Sent
Recv
-------------------------------------Channel group: 1
Gi0/1
45
42
0
0
Gi0/2
45
41
0
0
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show pagp
This is an example of output from the show pagp 1 internal command:
Switch> show pagp 1 internal
Flags: S - Device is sending Slow hello.
A - Device is in Auto mode.
Timers: H - Hello timer is running.
S - Switching timer is running.
C - Device is in Consistent state.
Q - Quit timer is running.
I - Interface timer is running.
Channel group 1
Port
Gi0/1
Gi0/2
Flags State
SC
U6/S7
SC
U6/S7
Timers
H
H
Hello
Interval
30s
30s
Partner PAgP
Count
Priority
1
128
1
128
Learning Group
Method Ifindex
Any
16
Any
16
This is an example of output from the show pagp 1 neighbor command:
Switch> show pagp 1 neighbor
Flags: S - Device is sending Slow hello.
A - Device is in Auto mode.
Channel group 1 neighbors
Partner
Port
Name
Gi0/1
switch-p2
Gi0/2
switch-p2
Related Commands
C - Device is in Consistent state.
P - Device learns on physical port.
Partner
Device ID
0002.4b29.4600
0002.4b29.4600
Partner
Port
Gi0/1
Gi0/2
Command
Description
clear pagp
Clears PAgP channel-group information.
Partner
Age Flags
9s SC
24s SC
Group
Cap.
10001
10001
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show parser macro
show parser macro
To display the parameters for all configured macros or for one macro on the switch, use the show parser
macro command in user EXEC mode.
show parser macro [{brief | description [interface interface-id] | name macro-name}] [ | {begin
| exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
brief
(Optional) Displays the name of each macro.
description [interface
interface-id]
(Optional) Displays all macro descriptions or the description of a specific
interface.
name macro-name
(Optional) Displays information about a single macro identified by the
macro name.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is a partial output example from the show parser macro command:
Switch# show parser macro
Total number of macros = 2
-------------------------------------------------------------Macro name : sample-macro1
Macro type : customizable
duplex full
speed auto
mdix auto
-------------------------------------------------------------Macro name : test1
Macro type : customizable
no shutdown
flowcontrol receive on
speed 100
--------------------------------------------------------------
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show parser macro
This is an example of output from the show parser macro name command:
Switch# show parser macro name sample-macro1
Macro name : sample-macro1
Macro type : customizable
duplex full
speed auto
mdix auto
This is an example of output from the show parser macro brief command:
Switch# show parser macro brief
customizable
: sample-macro1
customizable
: test1
Related Commands
Command
Description
macro apply
Applies a macro on an interface or applies and traces a macro on an interface.
macro description
Adds a description about the macros that are applied to an interface.
macro global
Applies a macro on a switch or applies and traces a macro on a switch.
macro global
description
Adds a description about the macros that are applied to the switch.
macro name
Creates a macro.
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
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show policy-map
show policy-map
To display quality of service (QoS) policy maps, which define classification criteria for incoming and
outgoing traffic and the actions to be performed on the classified traffic, use the show policy-map
command in user EXEC mode.
show policy-map [policy-map-name | control-plane [all] | interface [interface-id]] [input |
output] [class class-name] | [service instance number]] [ | {begin | exclude | include}
expression]
Syntax Description
policy-map-name
(Optional) Displays the specified policy-map name.
control-plane [all]
(Optional) Displays the control plane policy or all control plane policies.
interface [interface-id]
(Optional) Displays information and statistics about policy maps applied
to all ports or the specified port.
•
[input | output]
interface-id—Displays information about policy maps on the specified
physical interface.
(Optional) If you specify control plane or a port, you can specify additional
keywords.The keywords have these meanings:
•
input—Displays information about input policy maps on the switch or
applied to the specified port.
•
output—Displays information about output policy-maps on the
switch or applied to the specified port.
class class-name
(Optional) Displays policy-map statistics for an individual class.
service instance number
(Optional) Displays policy map information for a service instance. The
service instance number range is from 1 to 4294967295.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
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show policy-map
Examples
This is an example of the output of the show policy-map interface command showing statistics for an
output policy map.
Switch# show policy-map interface gigabitethernet 0/2
GigabitEthernet0/2
Service-policy output: phb
Class-map: phb (match-all)
0 packets, 0 bytes
5 minute offered rate 0 bps, drop rate 0 bps
Match: cos 2
Bandwidth 1000 (kbps)
Queue-limit current-queue-depth 0 bytes
Output Queue:
Tail Packets Drop: 0
Tail Bytes Drop: 0
Class-map: class-default (match-any)
0 packets, 0 bytes
5 minute offered rate 0 bps, drop rate 0 bps
Match: any
This is an example of output from the show policy-map command for a specific policy map:
Switch> show policy-map top2
Policy Map top2
Class class-default
shape average 11111124
service-policy pout
This is an example of output from the show policy-map command for an output policy map:
Switch> show policy-map pout
Policy Map pout
Class ip1
priority
police cir percent 10
conform-action transmit
exceed-action drop
queue-limit 250
queue-limit precedence 1 100
Class ip2
Average Rate Traffic Shaping
cir 5%
Class ip3
bandwidth percent 10
queue-limit 200
queue-limit precedence 3 100
This is an example of output from the show policy-map command for an input policy map:
Switch> show policy-map pin-police
Policy Map pin-police
Class ip1
police cir 20000000 bc 625000
conform-action transmit
exceed-action drop
violate-action drop
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show policy-map
Table 2-18 describes the fields in the show policy-map interface display. The fields in the table are
grouped according to the relevant QoS feature.
Table 2-12
Field
show policy-map interface Field Descriptions
Description
Fields associated with classes or service policies
Service-policy input/output
Name of the input or output service policy applied to the specified interface.
Class-map
Class of traffic shown. Output appears for each configured class in the policy. The choice
for implementing class matches (match-all or match-any) might also appear next to the
traffic class.
packets
Number of packets identified as belonging to the traffic class.
Match
Match criteria specified for the class of traffic. This includes criteria such as class of service
(CoS) value, discard class, IP precedence value, multiprotocol label switching (MPLS)
experimental (EXP) value, Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) value, access groups,
and QoS groups.
Fields associated with policing
police
Shown when the police command has been configured to enable traffic policing. Displays
the specified committed information rate (CIR) and conform burst size (BC) used for
policing packets.
conform-action
Displays the action to be taken on packets marked as conforming to a specified rate.
conform
Displays the number of packets marked as conforming to the specified rate.
exceed-action
Displays the actions to be taken on packets marked as exceeding a specified rate.
exceed
Displays the number of packets marked as exceeding the specified rate.
violate-action
Displays the actions to be taken on packets marked as exceeding the maximum rate.
violate
Displays the number of packets marked as exceeding the maximum rate.
Fields associated with queuing
Queue Limit
Queue size configured for the class in number of packets.
Output Queue
The queue created for this class of traffic.
Tail packets dropped
The number of packets dropped when the mean queue depth is greater than the maximum
threshold value.
Fields associated with traffic scheduling
Traffic shaping
The rate used for shaping traffic.
Bandwidth
Bandwidth configured for this class in kbps or a percentage.
Priority
Indicates that this class is configured for priority queuing.
Related Commands
Command
Description
policy-map
Creates or modifies a policy map that can be attached to multiple ports to
specify a service policy.
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show port-type
show port-type
To display interface type information for the Cisco ME switch, use the show port-type command in
privileged EXEC mode.
show port-type [eni | nni | uni] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Note
Syntax Description
All ports on the switch are network node interfaces (NNIs), so only nni output is valid.
eni
Enhanced network interface.
nni
Network node interface.
uni
User network interface.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
If you enter the command without keywords, the output includes the interface type information for all
ports on the switch. If you specify the port type (eni, nni, or uni), the output includes information for
the specified port type.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show port-type command. The output is the same for show
port-type and show port-type nni:
Switch# show port-type nni
Port
Name
--------- -----------------Gi0/1
Gi0/2
Gi0/3
Gi0/4
Gi0/5
Gi0/6
Gi0/7
Gi0/8
Gi0/9
Vlan
---------trunk
trunk
trunk
1
1
routed
1
1
1
Port Type
---------------------------Network Node Interface
Network Node Interface
Network Node Interface
Network Node Interface
Network Node Interface
Network Node Interface
Network Node Interface
Network Node Interface
Network Node Interface
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
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show port-type
Gi0/10
Gi0/11
Gi0/12
Gi0/13
Gi0/14
Gi0/15
Gi0/16
Gi0/17
Gi0/18
Gi0/19
Gi0/20
Gi0/21
Gi0/22
Gi0/23
Gi0/24
Te0/1
Te0/2
testwhelshdevice
1
1
1
trunk
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Network
Network
Network
Network
Network
Network
Network
Network
Network
Network
Network
Network
Network
Network
Network
Network
Network
Node
Node
Node
Node
Node
Node
Node
Node
Node
Node
Node
Node
Node
Node
Node
Node
Node
Interface
Interface
Interface
Interface
Interface
Interface
Interface
Interface
Interface
Interface
Interface
Interface
Interface
Interface
Interface
Interface
Interface
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
(nni)
This is an example of output from the show port-type command using other keywords:
Switch# show port-type nni |
Port
Name
--------- -----------------Gi0/2
Related Commands
exclude Gigabitethernet0/1
Vlan
Port Type
---------- ---------------------------1
Network Node Interface (nni)
Command
Description
port-type
Sets the interface type for a port, but all ports are NNIs.
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show rep topology
show rep topology
To display Resilient Ethernet Protocol (REP) topology information for a segment or for all segments,
including the primary and secondary edge ports in the segment., use the show rep topology command
in user EXEC mode.
show rep topology [segment segment_id] [archive] [detail] [ | {begin | exclude | include}
expression]
Syntax Description
segment-id
(Optional) Displays REP topology information for the specified segment. The ID
range is from 1 to 1024.
archive
(Optional) Displays the previous topology of the segment. This keyword can be
useful for troubleshooting a link failure.
detail
(Optional) Displays detailed REP topology information.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
In the show rep topology command output, ports configured as edge no-neighbor are designated with
an asterisk (*) in front of Pri or Sec. In the output of the show rep topology detail command,
No-Neighbor is spelled out.
The output of this command is also included in the show tech-support privileged EXEC command
output.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
Examples
This is a sample output from the show rep topology segment privileged EXEC command:
Switch # show rep topology segment 1
REP Segment 1
BridgeName
PortName
Edge Role
---------------- ---------- ---- ---sw1_multseg_3750 Gi1/1/1
Pri Alt
sw3_multseg_3400 Gi0/13
Open
sw3_multseg_3400 Gi0/14
Alt
sw4_multseg_3400 Gi0/13
Open
sw4_multseg_3400 Gi0/14
Open
sw5_multseg_3400 Gi0/13
Open
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show rep topology
sw5_multseg_3400
sw2_multseg_3750
sw2_multseg_3750
sw1_multseg_3750
Gi0/14
Gi1/1/2
Gi1/1/1
Gi1/1/2
Sec
Open
Open
Open
Open
This is a sample output from the show rep topology command when the edge ports are configured to
have no REP neighbor:
Switch # show rep topology
REP Segment 2
BridgeName
PortName
---------------- ---------sw8-ts8-51
Gi0/2
sw9-ts11-50
Gi1/0/4
sw9-ts11-50
Gi1/0/2
sw1-ts11-45
Gi0/2
sw1-ts11-45
Po1
sw8-ts8-51
Gi0/1
Edge
---Pri*
Sec*
Role
---Open
Open
Open
Alt
Open
Open
This example shows output from the show rep topology detail command:
Switch# show rep topology detail
REP Segment 2
repc_2_24ts, Fa0/2 (Primary Edge)
Alternate Port, some vlans blocked
Bridge MAC: 0019.e714.5380
Port Number: 004
Port Priority: 080
Neighbor Number: 1 / [-10]
repc_3_12cs, Gi0/1 (Intermediate)
Open Port, all vlans forwarding
Bridge MAC: 001a.a292.3580
Port Number: 001
Port Priority: 000
Neighbor Number: 2 / [-9]
repc_3_12cs, Po10 (Intermediate)
Open Port, all vlans forwarding
Bridge MAC: 001a.a292.3580
Port Number: 080
Port Priority: 000
Neighbor Number: 3 / [-8]
repc_4_12cs, Po10 (Intermediate)
Open Port, all vlans forwarding
Bridge MAC: 001a.a19d.7c80
Port Number: 080
Port Priority: 000
Neighbor Number: 4 / [-7]
repc_4_12cs, Gi0/2 (Intermediate)
Alternate Port, some vlans blocked
Bridge MAC: 001a.a19d.7c80
Port Number: 002
Port Priority: 040
Neighbor Number: 5 / [-6]
<output truncated>
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show rep topology
This example shows output from the show rep topology segment archive command:
Switch# show rep
REP Segment 1
BridgeName
---------------sw1_multseg_3750
sw3_multseg_3400
sw3_multseg_3400
sw4_multseg_3400
sw4_multseg_3400
sw5_multseg_3400
sw5_multseg_3400
sw2_multseg_3750
sw2_multseg_3750
sw1_multseg_3750
Related Commands
topology segment 1 archive
PortName
---------Gi1/1/1
Gi0/13
Gi0/14
Gi0/13
Gi0/14
Gi0/13
Gi0/14
Gi1/1/2
Gi1/1/1
Gi1/1/2
Edge Role
---- ---Pri Open
Open
Open
Open
Open
Open
Open
Alt
Open
Sec Open
Command
Description
rep segment
Enables REP on an interface and assigns a segment ID. This command is also
used to configure a port as an edge port, a primary edge port, or a preferred
port.
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show spanning-tree
show spanning-tree
To display spanning-tree state information, use the show spanning-tree command in user EXEC mode.
show spanning-tree [bridge-group | active [detail] | blockedports | bridge | detail [active] |
inconsistentports | interface interface-id | mst | pathcost method | root | summary [totals] |
vlan vlan-id] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
show spanning-tree bridge-group [active [detail] | blockedports | bridge | detail [active] |
inconsistentports | interface interface-id | root | summary] [| {begin | exclude | include}
expression]
show spanning-tree vlan vlan-id [active [detail] | blockedports | bridge | detail [active] |
inconsistentports | interface interface-id | root | summary] [ | {begin | exclude | include}
expression]
show spanning-tree {vlan vlan-id | bridge-group} bridge [address | detail | forward-time |
hello-time | id | max-age | priority [system-id] | protocol] [ | {begin | exclude | include}
expression]
show spanning-tree {vlan vlan-id | bridge-group} root [address | cost | detail | forward-time |
hello-time | id | max-age | port | priority [system-id] [ | {begin | exclude | include}
expression]
show spanning-tree interface interface-id [active [detail] | cost | detail [active] | inconsistency |
portfast | priority | rootcost | state] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
show spanning-tree mst [configuration [digest]] | [instance-id [detail | interface interface-id
[detail]] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
bridge-group
(Optional) Specify the bridge group number. The range is 1 to 255.
active [detail]
(Optional) Display spanning-tree information only on active interfaces
(available only in privileged EXEC mode).
blockedports
(Optional) Display blocked port information (available only in privileged
EXEC mode).
bridge [address | detail |
(Optional) Display status and configuration of this switch (optional
forward-time | hello-time | keywords available only in privileged EXEC mode).
id | max-age | priority
[system-id] | protocol]
detail [active]
(Optional) Display a detailed summary of interface information (active
keyword available only in privileged EXEC mode).
inconsistentports
(Optional) Display inconsistent port information (available only in
privileged EXEC mode).
interface interface-id
[active [detail] | cost |
detail [active] |
inconsistency | portfast |
priority | rootcost | state]
(Optional) Display spanning-tree information for the specified interface
(all options except portfast and state available only in privileged EXEC
mode). Enter each interface separated by a space. Ranges are not
supported. Valid interfaces include physical interfaces and port channels.
The VLAN range is 1 to 4094. The port-channel range is 1 to 26.
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show spanning-tree
mst [configuration
[digest]] [instance-id
[detail | interface
interface-id [detail]]
(Optional) Display the multiple spanning-tree (MST) region
configuration and status (available only in privileged EXEC mode).
The keywords have these meanings:
•
digest—(Optional) Display the MD5 digest included in the current
MST configuration identifier (MSTCI). Two separate digests, one for
standard and one for prestandard switches, appear (available only in
privileged EXEC mode).
The terminology was updated for the implementation of the IEEE
standard, and the txholdcount field was added.
The new master role appears for boundary ports.
The word pre-standard or Pre-STD appears when an IEEE standard
bridge sends prestandard BPDUs on a port.
The word pre-standard (config) or Pre-STD-Cf appears when a port
has been configured to send prestandard BPDUs and no prestandard
BPDU has been received on that port.
The word pre-standard (rcvd) or Pre-STD-Rx appears when a
prestandard BPDU has been received on a port that has not been
configured to send prestandard BPDUs.
A dispute flag appears when a designated port receives inferior
designated information until the port returns to the forwarding state
or ceases to be designated.
pathcost method
•
instance-id—You can specify a single instance ID, a range of IDs
separated by a hyphen, or a series of IDs separated by a comma. The
range is 1 to 4094. The display shows the number of currently
configured instances.
•
interface interface-id—(Optional) Valid interfaces include VLANs,
physical interfaces, and port channels. The VLAN range is 1 to 4094.
The port-channel range is 1 to 26.
•
detail—(Optional) Display detailed information for the instance or
interface.
(Optional) Display the default path cost method (available only in
privileged EXEC mode).
root [address | cost | detail (Optional) Display root switch status and configuration (all keywords
| forward-time | hello-time available only in privileged EXEC mode).
| id | max-age | port |
priority [system-id]]
summary [totals]
(Optional) Display a summary of port states or the total lines of the
spanning-tree state section.
vlan vlan-id [active
[detail] | backbonefast |
blockedports | bridge
[address | detail |
forward-time | hello-time |
id | max-age | priority
[system-id] | protocol]
(Optional) Display spanning-tree information for the specified VLAN
(some keywords available only in privileged EXEC mode). You can
specify a single VLAN identified by VLAN ID number, a range of
VLANs separated by a hyphen, or a series of VLANs separated by a
comma. The range is 1 to 4094.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
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show spanning-tree
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
If the vlan-id variable is omitted, the command applies to the spanning-tree instance for all VLANs.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show spanning-tree active command:
Switch# show spanning-tree active
VLAN0001
Spanning tree enabled protocol ieee
Root ID
Priority
32768
Address
0001.42e2.cdd0
Cost
3038
Port
24 (GigabitEthernet0/1)
Hello Time
2 sec Max Age 20 sec Forward Delay 15 sec
Bridge ID
Priority
49153 (priority 49152 sys-id-ext 1)
Address
0003.fd63.9580
Hello Time
2 sec Max Age 20 sec Forward Delay 15 sec
Aging Time 300
Uplinkfast enabled
Interface
Role Sts Cost
Prio.Nbr Type
---------------- ---- --- --------- -------- -------------------------------Gi0/1
Root FWD 3019
128.24
P2p
<output truncated>
This is an example of output from the show spanning-tree detail command:
Switch# show spanning-tree detail
VLAN0001 is executing the ieee compatible Spanning Tree protocol
Bridge Identifier has priority 49152, sysid 1, address 0003.fd63.9580
Configured hello time 2, max age 20, forward delay 15
Current root has priority 32768, address 0001.42e2.cdd0
Root port is 24 (GigabitEthernet0/1), cost of root path is 3038
Topology change flag not set, detected flag not set
Number of topology changes 0 last change occurred 1d16h ago
Times: hold 1, topology change 35, notification 2
hello 2, max age 20, forward delay 15
Timers: hello 0, topology change 0, notification 0, aging 300
Uplinkfast enabled
Port 1 (GigabitEthernet0/1) of VLAN0001 is forwarding
Port path cost 3019, Port priority 128, Port Identifier 128.24.
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show spanning-tree
Designated root has priority 32768, address 0001.42e2.cdd0
Designated bridge has priority 32768, address 00d0.bbf5.c680
Designated port id is 128.25, designated path cost 19
Timers: message age 2, forward delay 0, hold 0
Number of transitions to forwarding state: 1
Link type is point-to-point by default
BPDU: sent 0, received 72364
<output truncated>
This is an example of output from the show spanning-tree interface interface-id command:
Switch# show spanning-tree interface gigabitethernet0/1
Vlan
Role Sts Cost
Prio.Nbr Type
---------------- ---- --- --------- -------- -------------------------------VLAN0001
Root FWD 3019
128.24
P2p
This is an example of output from the show spanning-tree summary command:
Switch# show spanning-tree summary
Switch is in pvst mode
Root bridge for: none
EtherChannel misconfiguration guard
Extended system ID
is enabled
Portfast
is disabled by
PortFast BPDU Guard is disabled by
Portfast BPDU Filter is disabled by
Loopguard
is disabled by
Pathcost method used is short
is enabled
default
default
default
default
Name
Blocking Listening Learning Forwarding STP Active
---------------------- -------- --------- -------- ---------- ---------VLAN0001
1
0
0
11
12
VLAN0002
3
0
0
1
4
VLAN0004
3
0
0
1
4
VLAN0006
3
0
0
1
4
VLAN0031
3
0
0
1
4
VLAN0032
3
0
0
1
4
<output truncated>
---------------------- -------- --------- -------- ---------- ---------37 vlans
109
0
0
47
156
Station update rate set to 150 packets/sec.
This is an example of output from the show spanning-tree mst configuration command:
Switch# show spanning-tree mst configuration
Name
[region1]
Revision 1
Instance Vlans Mapped
-------- -----------------0
1-9,21-4094
1
10-20
----------------------------
This is an example of output from the show spanning-tree mst configuration digest command:
Switch# show spanning-tree mst configuration
% Switch is not in mst mode
Name
[]
Revision 0
Instances configured 1
Digest
0xAC36177F50283CD4B83821D8AB26DE62
Pre-std Digest 0xBB3B6C15EF8D089BB55ED10D24DF44DE
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show spanning-tree
This is an example of output from the show spanning-tree mst interface interface-id command:
Switch# show spanning-tree mst interface gigabitethernet0/1
GigabitEthernet0/1 of MST00 is root forwarding
Edge port: no
(default)
port guard : none
Link type: point-to-point (auto)
bpdu filter: disable
Boundary : boundary
(STP)
bpdu guard : disable
Bpdus sent 5, received 74
Instance role state cost
0
root FWD
200000
(default)
(default)
(default)
prio vlans mapped
128 1,12,14-4094
This is an example of output from the show spanning-tree mst 0 command:
Switch# show spanning-tree mst 0
###### MST00
vlans mapped: 1-9,21-4094
Bridge
address 0002.4b29.7a00 priority 32768
Root
address 0001.4297.e000 priority 32768
port
Gi0/1
path cost 200038
IST master *this switch
Operational hello time 2, forward delay 15, max age
Configured hello time 2, forward delay 15, max age
Interface
-------------------GigabitEthernet0/1
GigabitEthernet0/2
Port-channel1
Related Commands
role
---root
desg
desg
state
----FWD
FWD
FWD
cost
--------200000
200000
200000
prio
---128
128
128
(32768 sysid 0)
(32768 sysid 0)
20, max hops 20
20, max hops 20
type
-------------------------------P2P bound(STP)
P2P bound(STP)
P2P bound(STP)
Command
Description
clear spanning-tree counters
Clears the spanning-tree counters.
clear spanning-tree detected-protocols
Restarts the protocol migration process.
spanning-tree bpdufilter
Prevents an interface from sending or receiving bridge
protocol data units (BPDUs).
spanning-tree bpduguard
Puts an interface in the error-disabled state when it
receives a BPDU.
spanning-tree cost
Sets the path cost for spanning-tree calculations.
spanning-tree extend system-id
Enables the extended system ID feature.
spanning-tree guard
Enables the root guard or the loop guard feature for all the
VLANs associated with the selected interface.
spanning-tree link-type
Overrides the default link-type setting for rapid
spanning-tree transitions to the forwarding state.
spanning-tree loopguard default
Prevents alternate or root ports from becoming the
designated port because of a failure that leads to a
unidirectional link.
spanning-tree mst configuration
Enters multiple spanning-tree (MST) configuration mode
through which the MST region configuration occurs.
spanning-tree mst cost
Sets the path cost for MST calculations.
spanning-tree mst forward-time
Sets the forward-delay time for all MST instances.
spanning-tree mst hello-time
Sets the interval between hello BPDUs sent by root switch
configuration messages.
spanning-tree mst max-age
Sets the interval between messages that the spanning tree
receives from the root switch.
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show spanning-tree
Command
Description
spanning-tree mst max-hops
Sets the number of hops in an MST region before the
BPDU is discarded and the information held for an
interface is aged.
spanning-tree mst port-priority
Configures an interface priority.
spanning-tree mst priority
Configures the switch priority for the specified
spanning-tree instance.
spanning-tree mst root
Configures the MST root switch priority and timers based
on the network diameter.
spanning-tree port-priority
Configures an interface priority.
spanning-tree portfast (global
configuration)
Globally enables the BPDU filtering or the BPDU guard
feature on Port Fast-enabled interfaces or enables the Port
Fast feature on all nontrunking interfaces.
spanning-tree portfast (interface
configuration)
Enables the Port Fast feature on an interface and all its
associated VLANs.
spanning-tree vlan
Configures spanning tree on a per-VLAN basis.
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show storm-control
show storm-control
To display broadcast, multicast, or unicast storm control settings on the switch or on the specified
interface, or to display storm-control history, use the show storm-control command in user EXEC
mode.
show storm-control [interface-id] [broadcast | multicast | unicast] [ | {begin | exclude | include}
expression]
Syntax Description
interface-id
(Optional) Interface ID for the physical port (including type, module, and port
number).
broadcast
(Optional) Displays broadcast storm threshold setting.
multicast
(Optional) Displays multicast storm threshold setting.
unicast
(Optional) Displays unicast storm threshold setting.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
When you enter an interface-id, the storm control thresholds appear for the specified interface.
If you do not enter an interface-id, settings appear for one traffic type for all ports on the switch.
If you do not enter a traffic type, settings appear for broadcast storm control.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of a partial output from the show storm-control command when no keywords are
entered. Because no traffic-type keyword was entered, the broadcast storm control settings appear.
Switch> show storm-control
Interface
Filter State
--------------------Gi0/1
Forwarding
Gi0/2
Forwarding
<output truncated>
Upper
---------20 pps
50.00%
Lower
--------10 pps
40.00%
Current
--------5 pps
0.00%
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show storm-control
This is an example of output from the show storm-control command for a specified interface. Because
no traffic-type keyword was entered, the broadcast storm control settings appear.
Switch> show
Interface
--------Gi0/1
storm-control gigabitethernet 0/1
Filter State
Upper
Lower
------------- ---------- --------Forwarding
20 pps
10 pps
Current
--------5 pps
Table 2-19 describes the fields in the show storm-control display.
Table 2-13
Related Commands
show storm-control Field Descriptions
Field
Description
Interface
Displays the ID of the interface.
Filter State
Displays the status of the filter:
•
Blocking—Storm control is enabled, and a storm has occurred.
•
Forwarding—Storm control is enabled, and no storms have occurred.
•
Inactive—Storm control is disabled.
Upper
Displays the rising suppression level as a percentage of total available
bandwidth in packets per second or in bits per second.
Lower
Displays the falling suppression level as a percentage of total available
bandwidth in packets per second or in bits per second.
Current
Displays the bandwidth usage of broadcast traffic or the specified traffic type
(broadcast, multicast, or unicast) as a percentage of total available
bandwidth. This field is only valid when storm control is enabled.
Command
Description
storm-control
Sets the broadcast, multicast, or unicast storm control levels for the switch.
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show udld
show udld
To display UniDirectional Link Detection (UDLD) administrative and operational status for all ports or
the specified port, use the show udld command in user EXEC mode.
show udld [interface-id] [neighbors] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
interface-id
(Optional) ID of the interface and port number. Valid interfaces include
physical ports and VLANs. The VLAN range is 1 to 4094.
neighbors
(Optional) Displays a summary of UDLD neighbors.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
If you do not enter an interface-id, administrative and operational UDLD status for all interfaces appear.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show udld interface-id command. For this display, UDLD is
enabled on both ends of the link, and UDLD detects that the link is bidirectional. Table 2-20 describes
the fields in this display.
Switch> show udld gigabitethernet0/1
Interface gi0/1
--Port enable administrative configuration setting: Follows device default
Port enable operational state: Enabled
Current bidirectional state: Bidirectional
Current operational state: Advertisement - Single Neighbor detected
Message interval: 60
Time out interval: 5
Entry 1
Expiration time: 146
Device ID: 1
Current neighbor state: Bidirectional
Device name: Switch-A
Port ID: Gi0/1
Neighbor echo 1 device: Switch-B
Neighbor echo 1 port: Gi0/2
Message interval: 5
CDP Device name: Switch-A
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show udld
Table 2-14
show udld Field Descriptions
Field
Description
Interface
The interface on the local device configured for UDLD.
Port enable administrative
configuration setting
How UDLD is configured on the port. If UDLD is enabled or disabled, the port
enable configuration setting is the same as the operational enable state. Otherwise,
the enable operational setting depends on the global enable setting.
Port enable operational state
Operational state that shows whether UDLD is actually running on this port.
Current bidirectional state
The bidirectional state of the link. An unknown state appears if the link is down or
if it is connected to an UDLD-incapable device. A bidirectional state appears if the
link is a normal two-way connection to a UDLD-capable device. All other values
mean miswiring.
Current operational state
The current phase of the UDLD state machine. For a normal bidirectional link, the
state machine is most often in the Advertisement phase.
Message interval
How often advertisement messages are sent from the local device. Measured in
seconds.
Time out interval
The time period, in seconds, that UDLD waits for echoes from a neighbor device
during the detection window.
Entry 1
Information from the first cache entry, which contains a copy of echo information
received from the neighbor.
Expiration time
The amount of time in seconds remaining before this cache entry is aged out.
Device ID
The neighbor device identification.
Current neighbor state
The neighbor’s current state. If both the local and neighbor devices are running
UDLD normally, the neighbor state and local state should be bidirectional. If the link
is down or the neighbor is not UDLD-capable, no cache entries appear.
Device name
The device name or the system serial number of the neighbor. The system serial
number appears if the device name is not set or is set to the default (Switch).
Port ID
The neighbor port ID enabled for UDLD.
Neighbor echo 1 device
The device name of the neighbors’ neighbor from which the echo originated.
Neighbor echo 1 port
The port number ID of the neighbor from which the echo originated.
Message interval
The rate, in seconds, at which the neighbor is sending advertisement messages.
CDP device name
The CDP device name or the system serial number. The system serial number
appears if the device name is not set or is set to the default (Switch).
Related Commands
Command
Description
udld
Enables aggressive or normal mode in UDLD or sets the configurable message
timer time.
udld port
Enables UDLD on an individual interface or prevents a fiber-optic interface from
being enabled by the udld global configuration command.
udld reset
Resets all interfaces shutdown by UDLD and permits traffic to begin passing
through them again.
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show version
show version
To display version information for the switch hardware and firmware, use the show version command
in user EXEC mode.
show version [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show version command:
Note
Though visible in the show version output, the configuration register information is not
supported on the switch.
Switch> show version
Cisco IOS Software, ME380x Software (ME380x-UNIVERSAL-M)
Copyright (c) 1986-2010 by Cisco Systems, Inc.
Compiled Tue 12-Oct-10 02:19
Image text-base: 0x00003000, data-base: 0x020881B8
ROM: Bootstrap program is WHALES boot loader
BOOTLDR: ME380x Boot Loader (ME380X-HBOOT-M), Version 12.2
Switch uptime is 1 minute
System returned to ROM by power-on
System image file is
"flash:/me380x-universal-mz.122-52.1.127.EY/me380x-universal-mz.122-52.1.127.E
Y.bin"
License Level: MetroAggrServices
License Type: Permanent
Next reload license Level: MetroAggrServices
cisco ME-3800X-24FS-M (PowerPC8572) processor (revision P3) with 1015808K/32760K bytes of
memory.
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show version
Processor board ID FOC1350X0NW
Last reset from power-on
Target IOS Version 12.2(46)EY
1 Virtual Ethernet interface
25 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces
2 Ten Gigabit Ethernet interfaces
The password-recovery mechanism is enabled.
1536K bytes of flash-simulated non-volatile configuration memory.
Base ethernet MAC Address
: 00:27:0C:AB:4E:00
Motherboard assembly number
: 73-12068-05
Motherboard serial number
: FOC13490VLP
Model revision number
: P3
Motherboard revision number
: 06
Model number
: ME-3800X-24FS-M
System serial number
: FOC1350X0NW
Top Assembly Part Number
: 800-31465-01
Top Assembly Revision Number
: 36
Version ID
: V01
Configuration register is 0xF
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show vfi
show vfi
To display information about a virtual forwarding infrastructure (VFI), use the show vfi command in
user EXEC mode. VFIs are used to implement hierarchical virtual private LAN service (H-VPLS) over
a multiprotocol label switching (MPLS) backbone.
show vfi vfi-name [ forwarding] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
vfi-name
Name of the configured VFI.
forwarding
(Optional) Displays the VFI Layer 2 forwarding table.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2.(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
are not displayed, but the lines that contain Output are displayed.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show vfi command:
Switch> show vfi vfitest1
VFI name:vfitest1, state:UP
Local attachment circuits:
Vlan666
Neighbor connected via pseudowires:11.11.11.11
This is an example of output from the show vfi command with the forwarding keyword:
Switch> show vfi vfitest1 forwarding
vcid:222, type:ether , local groupid:37, remote groupid:40 (vc is up)
client:Vfi is up, destination:11.11.11.11, Peer LDP Ident:11.11.11.11:0
local label:20, remote label:21, tunnel label:implc-null
outgoing interface:Gi1/1/2, next hop:2.2.2.1
Local MTU:1500, Remote MTU:1500
Remote interface description:Vfi
Packet totals(in/out):10/3375408
byte totals(in/out):1306/276783942
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show vfi
Related Commands
Command
Description
l2vfi
Creates a VFI and enters VFI configuration mode.
debug vqpc
Displays VFI error or event debug messages.
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show vlan
show vlan
To display the parameters for all configured VLANs or a specified VLAN, use the show vlan command
in user EXEC mode.
show vlan [access-map | brief | counters | dot1q tag native | filter | id vlan-id | mtu | name
vlan-name | summary] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
Note
access-map
See the show vlan access-map command.
brief
(Optional) Displays one line for each VLAN with the VLAN name, status,
and its ports.
counters
(Optional) Displays VLAN traffic counters for all VLANs.
dot1q tag native
(Optional) Displays the IEEE 802.1Q native VLAN tagging status. This
keyword is supported only when the switch is running the metro IP access or
metro access image.
filter
See the show vlan filter command.
id vlan-id
(Optional) Displays information about a single VLAN identified by VLAN
ID number. For vlan-id, the range is 1 to 4094.
mtu
(Optional) Displays a list of VLANs and the minimum and maximum
transmission unit (MTU) sizes configured on ports in the VLAN.
name vlan-name
(Optional) Displays information about a single VLAN identified by VLAN
name. The VLAN name is an ASCII string from 1 to 32 characters.
summary
(Optional) Displays VLAN summary information.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Though visible in the command-line help string, the ifindex, private-vlan, remote-span, and mnit vlan
keywords are not supported.
Command Modes
User EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
In the show vlan mtu command output, the MTU_Mismatch column shows whether all the ports in the
VLAN have the same MTU. When yes appears in this column, it means that the VLAN has ports with
different MTUs. Packets that are switched from a port with a larger MTU to a port with a smaller MTU
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show vlan
might be dropped. If the VLAN does not have a switch virtual interface (SVI), the hyphen (-) symbol
appears in the SVI_MTU column. If the MTU-Mismatch column displays yes, the names of the port with
the MinMTU and the port with the MaxMTU appear.
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show vlan command. Table 2-21 describes the fields in the display.
Note
The switch supports only Ethernet VLANs. You can configure parameters for FDDI and Token Ring
VLANs and view the results in the vlan.dat file, but these parameters are not supported or used.
Switch> show vlan
VLAN Name
Status
Ports
---- -------------------------------- --------- ------------------------------1
default
active
Fa0/1, Fa0/2, Fa0/3, Fa0/4
Fa0/5, Fa0/6, Fa0/7, Fa0/8
Fa0/9, Fa0/10, Fa0/11, Fa0/12
Fa0/13, Fa0/14, Fa0/15, Fa0/16
Fa0/17, Fa0/18, Fa0/19, Fa0/20
Fa0/21, Fa0/22, Fa0/23, Fa0/24
Gi0/1, Gi0/2
1002 fddi-default
act/unsup
1003 token-ring-default
act/unsup
1004 fddinet-default
act/unsup
1005 trnet-default
act/unsup
VLAN
---1
1002
1003
1004
1005
Type SAID
MTU
----- ---------- ----enet 100001
1500
fddi 101002
1500
tr
101003
1500
fdnet 101004
1500
trnet 101005
1500 -
Parent
------
RingNo
------
BridgeNo
-------ibm -
Stp
---ieee
0
BrdgMode
-------0VLAN
Trans1
-----0
0
0
0
Name
Trans2
-----0
0
0
0
VLAN Type
Ports
--------- ----------------- ------------------------------------------
Table 2-15
show vlan Command Output Fields
Field
Description
VLAN
VLAN number.
Name
Name, if configured, of the VLAN.
Status
Status of the VLAN (active or suspend).
Ports
Ports that belong to the VLAN.
Type
Media type of the VLAN.
SAID
Security association ID value for the VLAN.
MTU
Maximum transmission unit size for the VLAN.
Parent
Parent VLAN, if one exists.
RingNo
Ring number for the VLAN, if applicable.
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show vlan
Table 2-15
show vlan Command Output Fields (continued)
Field
Description
BrdgNo
Bridge number for the VLAN, if applicable.
Stp
Spanning Tree Protocol type used on the VLAN.
BrdgMode
Bridging mode for this VLAN—possible values are source-route bridging (SRB) and source-route
transparent (SRT); the default is SRB.
Trans1
Translation bridge 1.
Trans2
Translation bridge 2.
Remote SPAN VLANs
Identifies any RSPAN VLANs that have been configured.
Primary/Secondary/
Type/Ports
Includes any configured private VLANs, including the primary VLAN ID, the secondary VLAN
ID, the type of secondary VLAN (community or isolated), and the ports that belong to it.
VLAN Type/Ports
Displays any configured UNI-ENI VLANs, the type (community or isolated), and the ports that
belong to it.
This is an example of output from the show vlan dot1q tag native command:
Switch> show vlan dot1q tag native
dot1q native vlan tagging is disabled
This is an example of output from the show vlan mtu command:
Switch> show vlan mtu
VLAN
SVI_MTU
MinMTU(port)
---- ------------- ---------------1
1500
1500
MaxMTU(port)
--------------1500
MTU_Mismatch
-----------No
This is an example of output from the show vlan summary command:
Switch> show vlan summary
Number of existing VLANs
: 45
Number of existing VTP VLANs
: 0
Number of existing extended VLANs : 0
This is an example of output from the show vlan id command.
Switch# show vlan id 2
VLAN Name
Status
Ports
---- -------------------------------- --------- ------------------------------2
VLAN0200
active
Gi0/1, Gi0/2
VLAN Type SAID
MTU
Parent RingNo BridgeNo Stp BrdgMode Trans1 Trans2
---- ----- ---------- ----- ------ ------ -------- ---- -------- ------ -----2
enet 100002
1500 0
0
Remote SPAN VLAN
---------------Disabled
Related Commands
Command
Description
switchport mode
Configures the VLAN membership mode of a port.
vlan
Enables VLAN configuration mode where you can configure VLANs 1 to 4094.
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show vlan access-map
show vlan access-map
To display information about a particular VLAN access map or for all VLAN access maps, use the show
vlan access-map command in privileged EXEC mode.
show vlan access-map [mapname] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
mapname
(Optional) Name of a specific VLAN access map.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show vlan access-map command:
Switch# show vlan access-map
Vlan access-map "SecWiz" 10
Match clauses:
ip address: SecWiz_Fa1_0_3_in_ip
Action:
forward
Related Commands
Command
Description
show vlan filter
Displays information about all VLAN filters or about a particular VLAN or
VLAN access map.
vlan access-map
Creates a VLAN map entry for VLAN packet filtering.
vlan filter
Applies a VLAN map to one or more VLANs.
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show vlan filter
show vlan filter
To display information about all VLAN filters or about a particular VLAN or VLAN access map, use
the show vlan filter command in privileged EXEC mode.
show vlan filter [access-map name | vlan vlan-id] [ | {begin | exclude | include} expression]
Syntax Description
access-map name
(Optional) Displays filtering information for the specified VLAN access map.
vlan vlan-id
(Optional) Displays filtering information for the specified VLAN. The range
is 1 to 4094.
| begin
(Optional) Display begins with the line that matches the expression.
| exclude
(Optional) Display excludes lines that match the expression.
| include
(Optional) Display includes lines that match the specified expression.
expression
Expression in the output to use as a reference point.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Expressions are case sensitive. For example, if you enter | exclude output, the lines that contain output
do not appear, but the lines that contain Output appear.
Examples
This is an example of output from the show vlan filter command:
Switch# show vlan filter
VLAN Map map_1 is filtering VLANs:
20-22
Related Commands
Command
Description
show vlan access-map
Displays information about a particular VLAN access map or for all
VLAN access maps.
vlan access-map
Creates a VLAN map entry for VLAN packet filtering.
vlan filter
Applies a VLAN map to one or more VLANs.
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shutdown
shutdown
To disable an interface or Ethernet flow point (EFP) service instance, use the shutdown command in
interface configuration or service-instance configuration mode. To restart a disabled interface or service
instance, use the no form of this command.
shutdown
no shutdown
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Command Modes
Interface configuration or service-instance configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The shutdown command causes a port or service instance to stop forwarding.
The no shutdown command has no effect if the port is a static-access port assigned to a VLAN that has
been deleted, suspended, or shut down. The port must first be a member of an active VLAN before it can
be re-enabled.
The shutdown command disables all functions on the specified interface or service instance.
This command also marks the interface. To see if an interface is disabled, use the show interfaces
privileged EXEC command. An interface that has been shut down is shown as administratively down in
the display.
Examples
These examples show how to disable and re-enable a port and a service instance:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch(config-if)# shutdown
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch(config-if)# no shutdown
Switch (config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch (config-if)# service instance 1 Ethernet
Switch (config-if-srv)# shutdown
Switch (config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch (config-if)# service instance 1 Ethernet
Switch (config-if-srv)# no shutdown
Related Commands
Command
Description
show interfaces
Displays the statistical information for all interfaces or for a specific interface.
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shutdown vlan
shutdown vlan
To shut down (suspend) local traffic on the specified VLAN, use the shutdown vlan command in global
configuration mode. To restart local traffic on the VLAN, use the no form of this command.
shutdown vlan vlan-id
no shutdown vlan vlan-id
Syntax Description
vlan-id
Defaults
No default is defined.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
ID of the VLAN to be locally shut down. The range is 2 to 1001. VLANs defined as
default VLANs (1 and 1002 to 1005), as well as extended-range VLANs (greater
than 1005) cannot be shut down.
Use the shutdown VLAN configuration command to shut down local traffic on any VLAN, including
extended-range VLANs (1006-4094).
You can verify your setting by entering the show vlan privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to shut down traffic on VLAN 2:
Switch(config)# shutdown vlan 2
Related Commands
Command
Description
shutdown (VLAN
configuration)
Shuts down local traffic on the VLAN when in VLAN configuration mode
(accessed by the vlan vlan-id global configuration command).
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snmp mib rep trap-rate
snmp mib rep trap-rate
To configure the sending of Resilient Ethernet Protocol (REP) SNMP traps when there is a link
operational status or port role change, use the snmp mib rep trap-rate command in global configuration
mode. To disable sending of the REP trap, use the no version of the command.
snmp mib rep trap-rate value
no snmp mib rep trap-rate
Syntax Description
trap-rate value
Defaults
Sending REP traps is disabled.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Sets the number of REP traps sent per second. The range is from 0 to 1000. The
default is 0 (no limit imposed; a trap is sent at every occurrence).
Usage Guidelines
Use this command to enable the switch to send REP specific traps corresponding to link operational
status changes and port role changes.
Examples
This example configures the switch to send REP traps at a rate of 10 per second:
Switch(config)# snmp mib rep trap-rate 10
Related Commands
Command
Description
show running config
Verifies that REP traps are configured.
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snmp-server enable traps
snmp-server enable traps
To enable the switch to send Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) notifications for various
traps or inform requests to the network management system (NMS), use the snmp-server enable traps
command in global configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the no form of this
command.
snmp-server enable traps [alarms [severity] | auth-framework | bgp | bridge [newroot]
[topologychange] | cef | config | copy-config | cpu threshold | entity | envmon [fan | shutdown
| status | supply | temperature] | ethernet | ether oam | flash | hsrp | ipmulticast |
mac-notification [change] [move] [threshold] | mpls | msdp | ospf [cisco-specific | errors |
lsa | rate-limit | retransmit | state-change] | pim [invalid-pim-message | neighbor-change |
rp-mapping-change] | rtr | snmp [authentication | coldstart | linkdown | linkup | warmstart]
| storm-control trap-rate value | stpx [inconsistency] [root-inconsistency]
[loop-inconsistency] | syslog | transceiver all | tty | vlan-membership | vlancreate |
vlandelete]
no snmp-server enable traps [alarms [severity] | auth-framework | bgp | bridge [newroot]
[topologychange] | cef | config | copy-config | cpu threshold | entity | envmon [fan | shutdown
| status | supply | temperature] | ethernet | ether oam | flash | hsrp | ipmulticast |
mac-notification [change] [move] [threshold] | mpls | msdp | ospf [cisco-specific | errors |
lsa | rate-limit | retransmit | state-change] | pim [invalid-pim-message | neighbor-change |
rp-mapping-change] | port-security [trap-rate value] | rtr | snmp [authentication | coldstart
| linkdown | linkup | warmstart] | storm-control trap-rate value | stpx [inconsistency]
[root-inconsistency] [loop-inconsistency] | syslog | transceiver all | tty | vlan-membership |
vlancreate | vlandelete]
Syntax Description
alarms severity
(Optional) Enables SNMP alarms traps. For severity, enter number 1 to 4 or
enter one of these keywords:
•
critical—Service-affecting condition, severity 1.
•
major—Immediate action needed, severity 2.
•
minor—Minor warning conditions, severity 3.
•
informational—Informational notifications, severity 4.
auth-framework
Enables SNMP CISCO-AUTH-FRAMEWORK-MIB traps
bgp
(Optional) Enables Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) state-change traps.
Note
bridge [newroot]
[topologychange]
This keyword is supported only when the metro IP access image is
running on the switch.
(Optional) Generates Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) bridge MIB traps. The
keywords have these meanings:
•
newroot—(Optional) Enables SNMP STP bridge MIB new root traps.
•
topologychange—(Optional) Enables SNMP STP bridge MIB topology
change traps.
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snmp-server enable traps
cef type
(Optional) Displays Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF) traps. You can
optionally enter one of these keywords:
•
inconsistency—Enables SNMP CEF inconsistency traps.
•
peer-fib-state-change—Enables SNMP CEF peer FIB state-change
traps.
•
peer-state-change—Enables SNMP CEF peer state-change traps.
•
resource-failure—Enables SNMP CEF resource-failure traps.
config
(Optional) Enables SNMP configuration traps.
copy-config
(Optional) Enable SNMP copy-configuration traps.
cpu threshold
(Optional) Allows CPU-related traps.
entity
(Optional) Enables SNMP entity traps.
envmon [fan |
shutdown | status |
supply | temperature]
Optional) Enables SNMP environmental traps. The keywords have these
meanings:
•
fan—(Optional) Enables fan traps.
•
shutdown—(Optional) Enables environmental monitor shutdown traps.
•
status—(Optional) Enables SNMP environmental status-change traps.
•
supply—(Optional) Enables environmental monitor power-supply traps.
•
temperature—(Optional) Enables environmental monitor temperature
traps.
ether oam
(Optional) Enables Ethernet OAM traps.
ethernet
(Optional) Enables SNMP Ethernet traps.
flash
(Optional) Enables SNMP flash notifications.
hsrp
(Optional) Enables Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP) traps.
ipmulticast
(Optional) Enables IP multicast routing traps.
mac-notification
(Optional) Enables MAC address notification traps.
change
(Optional) Enables MAC address change notification traps.
move
(Optional) Enables MAC address move notification traps.
mpls
(Optional) Enables multiprotocol label switching (MPLS) traps.
threshold
(Optional) Enables MAC address table threshold traps.
msdp
(Optional) Enables Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP) traps.
ospf [cisco-specific |
(Optional) Enables Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) traps. The keywords
errors | lsa | rate-limit | have these meanings:
retransmit |
• cisco-specific—(Optional) Enables Cisco-specific traps.
state-change]
• errors—(Optional) Enables error traps.
•
lsa—(Optional) Enables link-state advertisement (LSA) traps.
•
rate-limit—(Optional) Enables rate-limit traps.
•
retransmit—(Optional) Enables packet-retransmit traps.
•
state-change—(Optional) Enables state-change traps.
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snmp-server enable traps
pim
(Optional) Enables Protocol-Independent Multicast (PIM) traps. The
[invalid-pim-message | keywords have these meanings:
neighbor-change |
• invalid-pim-message—(Optional) Enables invalid PIM message traps.
rp-mapping-change]
• neighbor-change—(Optional) Enables PIM neighbor-change traps.
•
rtr
rp-mapping-change—(Optional) Enables rendezvous point
(RP)-mapping change traps.
(Optional) Enables SNMP Response Time Reporter traps.
snmp [authentication | (Optional) Enables SNMP traps. The keywords have these meanings:
coldstart | linkdown |
• authentication—(Optional) Enables authentication trap.
linkup | warmstart]
• coldstart—(Optional) Enables cold-start trap.
Note
Defaults
•
linkdown—(Optional) Enables linkdown trap.
•
linkup—(Optional) Enables linkup trap.
•
warmstart—(Optional) Enables warm-start trap.
storm-control
trap-rate value
(Optional) Enables storm-control traps. Use the trap-rate keyword to set the
maximum number of storm-control traps sent per minute. The range is from
0 to 1000; the default is 0 (no limit is imposed; a trap is sent at every
storm-control occurrence).
stpx [inconsistency]
[root-inconsistency]
[loop-inconsistency]
(Optional) Enables SNMP STPX MIB traps. The keywords have these
meanings:
•
inconsistency—(Optional) Enables SNMP STPX MIB inconsistency
update traps.
•
root-inconsistency—(Optional) Enables SNMP STPX MIB root
inconsistency update traps.
•
loop-inconsistency—(Optional) Enables SNMP STPX MIB loop
inconsistency update traps.
syslog
(Optional) Enables SNMP syslog traps.
transceiver all
(Optional) Enables SNMP traps for all supported Digital Optical Monitoring
(DoM)-capable transceivers installed on the switch.
tty
(Optional) Sends TCP connection traps. This is enabled by default.
vlan-membership
(Optional) Enables SNMP VLAN membership traps.
vlancreate
(Optional) Enables SNMP VLAN-created traps.
vlandelete
(Optional) Enables SNMP VLAN-deleted traps.
Though visible in the command-line help strings, the dot1x, energywise, event-manager, fru-ctrl
insertion and removal, and vtp keywords are not supported. The snmp-server enable informs global
configuration command is not supported. To enable the sending of SNMP inform notifications, use the
snmp-server enable traps global configuration command combined with the snmp-server host
host-addr informs global configuration command.
The sending of SNMP traps is disabled.
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snmp-server enable traps
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Specify the host (NMS) that receives the traps by using the snmp-server host global configuration
command. If no trap types are specified, all trap types are sent.
When supported, use the snmp-server enable traps command to enable sending of traps or informs.
Note
Informs are not supported in SNMPv1.
To enable more than one type of trap, you must enter a separate snmp-server enable traps command
for each trap type.
SNMP transceiver traps apply to SFPs that support DoM-capable transceivers installed on the switch.
The sensor values are polled every 10 minutes, which is how often the user sees traps or alarms.
You can verify your setting by entering the show running-config privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to send MPLS traps to the NMS:
Switch(config)# snmp-server enable traps mpsl
Related Commands
Command
Description
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
snmp-server host
Specifies the host that receives SNMP traps.
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snmp-server host
snmp-server host
To specify the recipient (host) of a Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) notification
operation, use the snmp-server host command in global configuration mode. To remove the specified
host, use the no form of this command.
snmp-server host host-addr [informs | traps] [version {1 | 2c | 3 {auth | noauth| priv}] [vrf
vrf-instance] {community-string [notification-type]}
no snmp-server host host-addr [informs | traps] [version {1 | 2c | 3 {auth | noauth | priv}] [vrf
vrf-instance] community-string
Syntax Description
host-addr
Name or Internet address of the host (the targeted recipient).
udp-port port
(Optional) Configures the User Datagram Protocol (UDP) port number of the host
to receive the traps. The range is from 0 to 65535.
informs | traps
(Optional) Sends SNMP traps or informs to this host.
version 1 | 2c | 3
(Optional) Version of the SNMP used to send the traps.
These keywords are supported:
1—SNMPv1. This option is not available with informs.
2c—SNMPv2C.
3—SNMPv3. These optional keywords can follow the Version 3 keyword:
•
auth (Optional). Enables Message Digest 5 (MD5) and Secure Hash
Algorithm (SHA) packet authentication.
•
noauth (Default). The noAuthNoPriv security level. This is the default if the
[auth | noauth | priv] keyword choice is not specified.
•
priv (Optional). Enables Data Encryption Standard (DES) packet encryption
(also called privacy).
Note
The priv keyword is available only when the cryptographic (encrypted)
software image is installed.
vrf vrf-instance
(Optional) Virtual private network (VPN) routing instance and name for this host.
community-string
Password-like community string sent with the notification operation. Though you
can set this string by using the snmp-server host command, we recommend that
you define this string by using the snmp-server community global configuration
command before using the snmp-server host command.
Note
The @ symbol is used for delimiting the context information. Avoid using
the @ symbol as part of the SNMP community string when configuring
this command.
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snmp-server host
notification-type
(Optional) Type of notification to be sent to the host. If no type is specified, all
notifications are sent.
•
alarms—Sends SNMP alarms traps.
•
auth-framework—Sends NMP CISCO-AUTH-FRAMEWORK-MIB traps.
•
bgp—Sends Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) state change traps. This
keyword is valid only when the metro IP access image is installed on the
switch.
•
bridge—Sends SNMP Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) bridge MIB traps.
•
cef—Sends cef traps.
•
config—Sends SNMP configuration traps.
•
copy-config—Sends SNMP copy configuration traps.
•
config-ctid —Sends SNMP config-ctid traps.
•
cpu threshold—Allows CPU-related traps.
•
eigrp—Sends SNMP EIGRP traps
•
entity— Sends SNMP entity traps.
•
envmon—Sends environmental monitor traps.
•
ethernet-cfm—Sends SNMP Ethernet CFM traps.
•
flash—Sends SNMP FLASH notifications.
•
hsrp—Sends SNMP Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP) traps.
•
ipmulticast—Sends SNMP IP multicast routing traps.
•
isis—Sends IS-IS traps.
•
license—Sends license traps.
•
mac-notification—Sends SNMP MAC notification traps.
•
mpls-fast-reroute—Sends SNMP MPLS traffic engineering fast reroute
traps.
•
mpls-ldp—Sends SNMP MPLS label distribution protocol traps.
•
mpls-traffic-eng—Sends SNMP MPLS traffic engineering traps.
•
mpls-vpn—Sends SNMP MPLS Virtual Private Network traps.
•
msdp—Sends SNMP Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP) traps.
•
ospf—Sends Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) traps.
•
pim—Sends SNMP Protocol-Independent Multicast (PIM) traps.
•
rtr—Sends SNMP Response Time Reporter traps.
•
snmp—Sends SNMP-type traps.
•
stpx—Sends SNMP STP extended MIB traps.
•
syslog—Sends SNMP syslog traps.
•
tty—Sends TCP connection traps.
•
vlan-membership— Sends SNMP VLAN membership traps.
•
vlancreate—Sends SNMP VLAN-created traps.
•
vlandelete—Sends SNMP VLAN-deleted traps.
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snmp-server host
Note
Defaults
Though visible in the command-line help strings, the energywise, event manager, fru-ctrl, and vtp
keywords are not supported.
This command is disabled by default. No notifications are sent.
If you enter this command with no keywords, the default is to send all trap types to the host. No informs
are sent to this host.
If no version keyword is present, the default is Version 1.
If Version 3 is selected and no authentication keyword is entered, the default is the noauth
(noAuthNoPriv) security level.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
SNMP notifications can be sent as traps or inform requests. Traps are unreliable because the receiver
does not send acknowledgments when it receives traps. The sender cannot determine if the traps were
received. However, an SNMP entity that receives an inform request acknowledges the message with an
SNMP response PDU. If the sender never receives the response, the inform request can be sent again.
Thus, informs are more likely to reach their intended destinations.
However, informs consume more resources in the agent and in the network. Unlike a trap, which is
discarded as soon as it is sent, an inform request must be held in memory until a response is received or
the request times out. Traps are also sent only once, but an inform might be retried several times. The
retries increase traffic and contribute to a higher overhead on the network.
If you do not enter an snmp-server host command, no notifications are sent. To configure the switch to
send SNMP notifications, you must enter at least one snmp-server host command. If you enter the
command with no keywords, all trap types are enabled for the host. To enable multiple hosts, you must
enter a separate snmp-server host command for each host. You can specify multiple notification types
in the command for each host.
If a local user is not associated with a remote host, the switch does not send informs for the auth
(authNoPriv) and the priv (authPriv) authentication levels.
When multiple snmp-server host commands are given for the same host and kind of notification (trap
or inform), each succeeding command overwrites the previous command. Only the last snmp-server
host command is in effect. For example, if you enter an snmp-server host inform command for a host
and then enter another snmp-server host inform command for the same host, the second command
replaces the first.
The snmp-server host command is used with the snmp-server enable traps global configuration
command. Use the snmp-server enable traps command to specify which SNMP notifications are sent
globally. For a host to receive most notifications, at least one snmp-server enable traps command and
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snmp-server host
the snmp-server host command for that host must be enabled. Some notification types cannot be
controlled with the snmp-server enable traps command. For example, some notification types are
always enabled. Other notification types are enabled by a different command.
The no snmp-server host command with no keywords disables traps, but not informs, to the host. To
disable informs, use the no snmp-server host informs command.
You can verify your settings by entering the show running-config privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure a unique SNMP community string named comaccess for traps and
prevent SNMP polling access with this string through access-list 10:
Switch(config)# snmp-server community comaccess ro 10
Switch(config)# snmp-server host 172.20.2.160 comaccess
Switch(config)# access-list 10 deny any
This example shows how to send the SNMP traps to the host specified by the name myhost.cisco.com.
The community string is defined as comaccess:
Switch(config)# snmp-server enable traps
Switch(config)# snmp-server host myhost.cisco.com comaccess snmp
This example shows how to enable the switch to send all traps to the host myhost.cisco.com by using the
community string public:
Switch(config)# snmp-server enable traps
Switch(config)# snmp-server host myhost.cisco.com public
Related Commands
Command
Description
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
snmp-server enable traps Enables SNMP notification for various trap types or inform requests.
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snmp trap mac-notification change
snmp trap mac-notification change
To enable the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) MAC address notification trap on a
specific Layer 2 interface, use the snmp trap mac-notification change command in interface
configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
snmp trap mac-notification change {added | removed}
no snmp trap mac-notification change {added | removed}
Syntax Description
added
Enables the MAC notification trap whenever a MAC address is added on this
interface.
removed
Enables the MAC notification trap whenever a MAC address is removed from this
interface.
Defaults
By default, the traps for both address addition and address removal are disabled.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Even though you enable the notification trap for a specific interface by using the snmp trap
mac-notification command, the trap is generated only when you enable the snmp-server enable traps
mac-notification and the mac address-table notification global configuration commands.
You can verify your settings by entering the show mac address-table notification change interface
privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to enable the MAC notification trap when a MAC address is added to a port:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch(config-if)# snmp trap mac-notification change added
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Related Commands
Command
Description
clear mac address-table notification
Clears the MAC address notification global counters.
mac address-table notification
Enables the MAC address notification feature.
show mac address-table notification
Displays the MAC address notification settings for all
interfaces or on the specified interface when the interface
keyword is appended.
snmp-server enable traps
Sends the SNMP MAC notification traps when the
mac-notification keyword is appended.
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spanning-tree bpdufilter
spanning-tree bpdufilter
To prevent an interface from sending or receiving bridge protocol data units (BPDUs), use the
spanning-tree bpdufilter command in interface configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use
the no form of this command.
spanning-tree bpdufilter {disable | enable}
no spanning-tree bpdufilter
Syntax Description
disable
Disables BPDU filtering on the specified STP port.
enable
Enables BPDU filtering on the specified STP port.
Defaults
BPDU filtering is disabled.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Caution
You can enable the BPDU filtering feature when the switch is operating in the per-VLAN spanning-tree
plus (PVST+), rapid-PVST+, or the multiple spanning-tree (MST) mode.
Enabling BPDU filtering on an STP port is the same as disabling spanning tree on it and can result in
spanning-tree loops.
You can globally enable BPDU filtering on all Port Fast-enabled STP ports by using the spanning-tree
portfast bpdufilter default global configuration command.
You can use the spanning-tree bpdufilter interface configuration command on an STP port to override
the setting of the spanning-tree portfast bpdufilter default global configuration command.
You can verify your setting by entering the show running-config privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to enable the BPDU filtering feature on a port:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree bpdufilter enable
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Related Commands
Command
Description
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
spanning-tree portfast (global
configuration)
Globally enables the BPDU filtering or the BPDU guard feature
on Port Fast-enabled STP ports or enables the Port Fast feature
on all nontrunking STP ports.
spanning-tree portfast (interface
configuration)
Enables the Port Fast feature on an STP port and all its associated
VLANs.
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spanning-tree bpduguard
spanning-tree bpduguard
To put an interface in the error-disabled state when it receives a bridge protocol data unit (BPDU), use
the spanning-tree bpduguard command in interface configuration mode. To return to the default
setting, use the no form of this command.
spanning-tree bpduguard {disable | enable}
no spanning-tree bpduguard
Syntax Description
disable
Disables BPDU guard on the specified STP port.
enable
Enables BPDU guard on the specified STP port.
Defaults
BPDU guard is disabled.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The BPDU guard feature provides a secure response to invalid configurations because you must
manually put the STP port back in service. Use the BPDU guard feature in a service-provider network
to prevent an interface from being included in the spanning-tree topology.
You can enable the BPDU guard feature when the switch is operating in the per-VLAN spanning-tree
plus (PVST+), the rapid-PVST+, or the multiple spanning-tree (MST) mode.
You can globally enable BPDU guard on all Port Fast-enabled STP ports by using the spanning-tree
portfast bpduguard default global configuration command.
You can use the spanning-tree bpduguard interface configuration command on an STP port to override
the setting of the spanning-tree portfast bpduguard default global configuration command.
You can verify your setting by entering the show running-config privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to enable the BPDU guard feature on a port:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree bpduguard enable
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Related Commands
Command
Description
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
spanning-tree portfast (global
configuration)
Globally enables the BPDU filtering or the BPDU guard feature
on Port Fast-enabled STP ports or enables the Port Fast feature on
all nontrunking STP ports.
spanning-tree portfast (interface
configuration)
Enables the Port Fast feature on an STP port and all its associated
VLANs.
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spanning-tree cost
spanning-tree cost
To set the path cost for spanning-tree calculations. use the spanning-tree cost command in interface
configuration mode. If a loop occurs, spanning tree considers the path cost when selecting an interface
to place in the forwarding state. To return to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
spanning-tree [vlan vlan-id] cost cost
no spanning-tree [vlan vlan-id] cost
Syntax Description
Defaults
vlan vlan-id
(Optional) VLAN range associated with a spanning-tree instance. You can specify
a single VLAN identified by VLAN ID number, a range of VLANs separated by a
hyphen, or a series of VLANs separated by a comma. The range is 1 to 4094.
cost
Path cost. The range is 1 to 200000000, with higher values meaning higher costs.
The default path cost is computed from the STP interface bandwidth setting. These are the IEEE default
path cost values:
•
1000 Mbps—1
•
100 Mbps—10
•
10 Mbps—100
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
When you configure the cost, higher values represent higher costs.
If you configure an STP port with both the spanning-tree vlan vlan-id cost cost command and the
spanning-tree cost cost command, the spanning-tree vlan vlan-id cost cost command takes effect.
You can verify your settings by entering the show spanning-tree interface interface-id privileged
EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to set the path cost to 250 on a port:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree cost 250
This example shows how to set a path cost to 300 for VLANs 10, 12 to 15, and 20:
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree vlan 10,12-15,20 cost 300
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Related Commands
Command
Description
show spanning-tree interface
interface-id
Displays spanning-tree information for the specified interface.
spanning-tree port-priority
Configures an STP port priority.
spanning-tree vlan priority
Sets the switch priority for the specified spanning-tree instance.
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spanning-tree etherchannel guard misconfig
spanning-tree etherchannel guard misconfig
To display an error message when the switch detects an EtherChannel misconfiguration, use the
spanning-tree etherchannel guard misconfig command in global configuration mode. To disable the
feature, use the no form of this command.
spanning-tree etherchannel guard misconfig
no spanning-tree etherchannel guard misconfig
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Defaults
EtherChannel guard is enabled on the switch.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
When the switch detects an EtherChannel misconfiguration, this error message appears:
PM-4-ERR_DISABLE: Channel-misconfig error detected on [chars], putting [chars] in
err-disable state.
To show switch ports that are in the misconfigured EtherChannel, use the show interfaces status
err-disabled privileged EXEC command. To verify the EtherChannel configuration on a remote device,
use the show etherchannel summary privileged EXEC command on the remote device.
When a port is in the error-disabled state because of an EtherChannel misconfiguration, you can bring
it out of this state by entering the errdisable recovery cause channel-misconfig global configuration
command, or you can manually re-enable it by entering the shutdown and no shut down interface
configuration commands.
You can verify your settings by entering the show spanning-tree summary privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to enable the EtherChannel guard misconfiguration feature:
Switch(config)# spanning-tree etherchannel guard misconfig
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Related Commands
Command
Description
errdisable recovery cause
channel-misconfig
Enables the timer to recover from the EtherChannel
misconfiguration error-disable state.
show etherchannel summary
Displays EtherChannel information for a channel as a one-line
summary per channel-group.
show interfaces status
err-disabled
Displays the interfaces in the error-disabled state.
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spanning-tree extend system-id
spanning-tree extend system-id
To enable the extended system ID feature, use the spanning-tree extend system-id global configuration
command.
spanning-tree extend system-id
Note
Though visible in the command-line help strings, the no version of this command is not supported. You
cannot disable the extended system ID feature.
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Defaults
The extended system ID is enabled.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The switch supports the IEEE 802.1t spanning-tree extensions. Some of the bits previously used for the
switch priority are now used for the extended system ID (VLAN identifier for the per-VLAN
spanning-tree plus [PVST+] and rapid PVST+ or as an instance identifier for the multiple spanning tree
[MST]).
The spanning tree uses the extended system ID, the switch priority, and the allocated spanning-tree MAC
address to make the bridge ID unique for each VLAN or multiple spanning-tree instance.
Support for the extended system ID affects how you manually configure the root switch, the secondary
root switch, and the switch priority of a VLAN. For more information, see the “spanning-tree mst root”
and the “spanning-tree vlan” sections.
If your network consists of switches that do not support the extended system ID and switches that do
support it, it is unlikely that the switch with the extended system ID support will become the root switch.
The extended system ID increases the switch priority value every time the VLAN number is greater than
the priority of the connected switches.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show spanning-tree summary Displays a summary of spanning-tree interface states.
spanning-tree mst root
Configures the MST root switch priority and timers based on the
network diameter.
spanning-tree vlan priority
Sets the switch priority for the specified spanning-tree instance.
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spanning-tree guard
spanning-tree guard
To enable root guard or loop guard on all the VLANs associated with the selected port, use the
spanning-tree guard command in interface configuration mode. Root guard restricts which interface is
allowed to be the spanning-tree root port or the path-to-the root for the switch. Loop guard prevents
alternate or root ports from becoming designated ports when a failure creates a unidirectional link. To
return to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
spanning-tree guard {loop | none | root}
no spanning-tree guard
Syntax Description
Defaults
loop
Enabled loop guard.
none
Disabled root guard or loop guard.
root
Enabled root guard.
Root guard is disabled.
Loop guard is configured according to the spanning-tree loopguard default global configuration
command (globally disabled).
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can enable root guard or loop guard when the switch is operating in the per-VLAN spanning-tree
plus (PVST+), the rapid-PVST+, or the multiple spanning-tree (MST) mode.
When root guard is enabled, if spanning-tree calculations cause an interface to be selected as the root
port, the interface transitions to the root-inconsistent (blocked) state to prevent the customer’s switch
from becoming the root switch or being in the path to the root. The root port provides the best path from
the switch to the root switch.
When the no spanning-tree guard or the no spanning-tree guard none command is entered, root guard
is disabled for all VLANs on the selected NNI. If this interface is in the root-inconsistent (blocked) state,
it automatically transitions to the listening state.
Loop guard is most effective when it is configured on the entire switched network. When the switch is
operating in PVST+ or rapid-PVST+ mode, loop guard prevents alternate and root ports from becoming
designated ports, and spanning tree does not send bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) on root or alternate
ports. When the switch is operating in MST mode, BPDUs are not sent on nonboundary interfaces if the
interface is blocked by loop guard in all MST instances. On a boundary interface, loop guard blocks the
interface in all MST instances.
To disable root guard or loop guard, use the spanning-tree guard none interface configuration
command on an STP interface. You cannot enable both root guard and loop guard at the same time.
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spanning-tree guard
You can override the setting of the spanning-tree loopguard default global configuration command by
using the spanning-tree guard loop interface configuration command on an STP interface.
You can verify your settings by entering the show running-config privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to enable root guard on all the VLANs associated with the specified port:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree guard root
This example shows how to enable loop guard on all the VLANs associated with the specified port:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree guard loop
Related Commands
Command
Description
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
spanning-tree cost
Sets the path cost for spanning-tree calculations.
spanning-tree loopguard default
Prevents alternate or root ports from becoming designated
ports because of a failure that leads to a unidirectional link.
spanning-tree mst cost
Configures the path cost for MST calculations.
spanning-tree mst port-priority
Configures an STP MST port priority.
spanning-tree mst root
Configures the MST root switch priority and timers based on
the network diameter.
spanning-tree port-priority
Configures an STP port priority.
spanning-tree vlan priority
Sets the switch priority for the specified spanning-tree
instance.
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spanning-tree link-type
spanning-tree link-type
To override the default link-type setting, which is determined by the duplex mode of the Spanning Tree
Protocol (STP) port, and to enable rapid spanning-tree transitions to the forwarding state, use the
spanning-tree link-type command in interface configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use
the no form of this command.
spanning-tree link-type {point-to-point | shared}
no spanning-tree link-type
Syntax Description
point-to-point
Specifies that the link type of an STP port is point-to-point.
shared
Specifies that the link type of an STP port is shared.
Defaults
The switch derives the link type of an interface from the duplex mode. A full-duplex interface is
considered a point-to-point link, and a half-duplex interface is considered a shared link.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can override the default setting of the link type by using the spanning-tree link-type command. For
example, a half-duplex link can be physically connected point-to-point to a single interface on a remote
switch running the Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol (MSTP) or the rapid per-VLAN spanning-tree plus
(rapid-PVST+) protocol and be enabled for rapid transitions.
You can verify your setting by entering the show spanning-tree mst interface interface-id or the show
spanning-tree interface interface-id privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to specify the link type as shared (regardless of the duplex setting) and to
prevent rapid transitions to the forwarding state:
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree link-type shared
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Related Commands
Command
Description
clear spanning-tree counters
Restarts the protocol migration process (force the
renegotiation with neighboring switches) on all interfaces or
on the specified interface.
show spanning-tree interface
interface-id
Displays spanning-tree state information for the specified
interface.
show spanning-tree mst interface
interface-id
Displays MST information for the specified interface.
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spanning-tree loopguard default
spanning-tree loopguard default
To enable loopguard by default on all interfaces with STP enabled, use the spanning-tree loopguard
default command in global configuration mode. Enabling loopguard prevents alternate or root ports
from becoming designated ports because of a failure that leads to a unidirectional link. To return to the
default setting, use the no form of this command.
spanning-tree loopguard default
no spanning-tree loopguard default
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Defaults
Loop guard is disabled.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.252)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can enable the loop guard feature when the switch is operating in the per-VLAN spanning-tree plus
(PVST+), rapid-PVST+, or the multiple spanning-tree (MST) mode.
Loop guard is most effective when it is configured on the entire switched network. When the switch is
operating in PVST+ or rapid-PVST+ mode, loop guard prevents alternate and root ports from becoming
designated ports, and spanning tree does not send bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) on root or alternate
ports. When the switch is operating in MST mode, BPDUs are not sent on nonboundary interfaces if the
interface is blocked by loop guard in all MST instances. On a boundary interface, loop guard blocks the
interface in all MST instances.
Loop guard operates only on STP ports that the spanning tree identifies as point-to-point.
You can override the setting of the spanning-tree loopguard default global configuration command by
using the spanning-tree guard loop interface configuration command.
You can verify your settings by entering the show running-config privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to globally enable loop guard:
Switch(config)# spanning-tree loopguard default
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Related Commands
Command
Description
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
spanning-tree guard loop
Enables the loop guard feature on all the VLANs associated with the
specified STP port.
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spanning-tree mode
spanning-tree mode
To enable per-VLAN spanning-tree plus (PVST+), rapid PVST+, or multiple spanning tree (MST), use
the spanning-tree mode command in global configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the
no form of this command.
spanning-tree mode {mst | pvst | rapid-pvst}
no spanning-tree mode
Syntax Description
mst
Enables MST and Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP) (based on IEEE 802.1s and
IEEE 802.1w).
pvst
Enables PVST+ (based on IEEE 802.1D).
rapid-pvst
Enables rapid PVST+ (based on IEEE 802.1w).
Defaults
The default mode is rapid PVST+.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The switch supports PVST+, rapid PVST+, and MSTP, but only one version can be active at any time:
All VLANs run PVST+, all VLANs run rapid PVST+, or all VLANs run MSTP.
When you enable the MST mode, RSTP is automatically enabled.
Caution
Changing spanning-tree modes can disrupt traffic because all spanning-tree instances are stopped for the
previous mode and restarted in the new mode.
You can verify your setting by entering the show running-config privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows to enable MST and RSTP on the switch:
Switch(config)# spanning-tree mode mst
This example shows to enable PVST+ on the switch:
Switch(config)# spanning-tree mode pvst
Related Commands
Command
Description
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
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spanning-tree mst configuration
spanning-tree mst configuration
To enter multiple spanning-tree (MST) configuration mode through which you configure the MST
region, use the spanning-tree mst configuration command in global configuration mode. To return to
the default settings, use the no form of this command.
spanning-tree mst configuration
no spanning-tree mst configuration
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Defaults
The default mapping is that all VLANs are mapped to the common and internal spanning-tree (CIST)
instance (instance 0).
The default name is an empty string.
The revision number is 0.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The spanning-tree mst configuration command enables the MST configuration mode. These
configuration commands are available:
•
abort: exits the MST region configuration mode without applying configuration changes.
•
exit: exits the MST region configuration mode and applies all configuration changes.
•
instance instance-id vlan vlan-range: maps VLANs to an MST instance. The range for the
instance-id is 0 to 4094. The range for vlan-range is 1 to 4094. You can specify a single VLAN
identified by VLAN ID number, a range of VLANs separated by a hyphen, or a series of VLANs
separated by a comma.
•
name name: sets the configuration name. The name string has a maximum length of 32 characters
and is case sensitive.
•
no: negates the instance, name, and revision commands or sets them to their defaults.
•
private-vlan: Although visible in the command-line help strings, this command is not supported.
•
revision version: sets the configuration revision number. The range is 0 to 65535.
•
show [current | pending]: displays the current or pending MST region configuration.
In MST mode, the switch supports up to 16 MST instances. The number of VLANs that can be mapped
to a particular MST instance is unlimited.
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When you map VLANs to an MST instance, the mapping is incremental, and VLANs specified in the
command are added to or removed from the VLANs that were previously mapped. To specify a range,
use a hyphen; for example, instance 1 vlan 1-63 maps VLANs 1 to 63 to MST instance 1. To specify a
series, use a comma; for example, instance 1 vlan 10, 20, 30 maps VLANs 10, 20, and 30 to MST
instance 1.
All VLANs that are not explicitly mapped to an MST instance are mapped to the common and internal
spanning tree (CIST) instance (instance 0) and cannot be unmapped from the CIST by using the no form
of the command.
For two or more switches to be in the same MST region, they must have the same VLAN mapping, the
same configuration revision number, and the same name.
You can verify your settings by entering the show pending MST configuration command.
Examples
This example shows how to enter MST configuration mode, map VLANs 10 to 20 to MST instance 1,
name the region region1, set the configuration revision to 1, display the pending configuration, apply the
changes, and return to global configuration mode:
Switch# spanning-tree mst configuration
Switch(config-mst)# instance 1 vlan 10-20
Switch(config-mst)# name region1
Switch(config-mst)# revision 1
Switch(config-mst)# show pending
Pending MST configuration
Name
[region1]
Revision 1
Instance Vlans Mapped
-------- --------------------0
1-9,21-4094
1
10-20
------------------------------Switch(config-mst)# exit
Switch(config)#
This example shows how to add VLANs 1 to 100 to the ones already mapped (if any) to instance 2, to
move VLANs 40 to 60 that were previously mapped to instance 2 to the CIST instance, to add VLAN
10 to instance 10, and to remove all the VLANs mapped to instance 2 and map them to the CIST instance:
Switch(config-mst)#
Switch(config-mst)#
Switch(config-mst)#
Switch(config-mst)#
Related Commands
instance 2 vlan 1-100
no instance 2 vlan 40-60
instance 10 vlan 10
no instance 2
Command
Description
show spanning-tree mst configuration
Displays the MST region configuration.
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spanning-tree mst cost
spanning-tree mst cost
To set the path cost for multiple spanning-tree (MST) calculations, use the spanning-tree mst cost
command in interface configuration mode. If a loop occurs, spanning tree considers the path cost when
selecting an interface to put in the forwarding state. To return to the default setting, use the no form of
this command.
spanning-tree mst instance-id cost cost
no spanning-tree mst instance-id cost
Syntax Description
Defaults
instance-id
Range of spanning-tree instances. You can specify a single instance, a range of
instances separated by a hyphen, or a series of instances separated by a comma. The
range is 0 to 4094.
cost
Path cost is 1 to 200000000, with higher values meaning higher costs.
The default path cost is computed from the interface speed. Faster speeds have smaller costs.
•
10 Gb/s—2000
•
1000 Mb/s—20000
•
100 Mb/s—200000
•
10 Mbp\/s—2000000
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
When you configure the cost, higher values represent higher costs.
You can verify your settings by entering the show spanning-tree mst interface interface-id privileged
EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to set a path cost of 250 on a port associated with instances 2 and 4:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree mst 2,4 cost 250
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Related Commands
Command
Description
show spanning-tree mst
interface interface-id
Displays MST information for the specified interface.
spanning-tree mst
port-priority
Configures an interface priority.
spanning-tree mst priority
Configures the switch priority for the specified spanning-tree
instance.
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spanning-tree mst forward-time
spanning-tree mst forward-time
To set the forward-delay time for all multiple spanning-tree (MST) instances, use the spanning-tree mst
forward-time command in global configuration mode. The forwarding time specifies how long each of
the listening and learning states last before the interface begins forwarding. To return to the default
setting, use the no form of this command.
spanning-tree mst forward-time seconds
no spanning-tree mst forward-time
Syntax Description
seconds
Defaults
The default is 15 seconds.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Length of the listening and learning states. The range is 4 to 30 seconds.
Changing the spanning-tree mst forward-time command affects all spanning-tree instances.
You can verify your setting by entering the show spanning-tree mst privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to set the spanning-tree forwarding time to 18 seconds for all MST instances:
Switch(config)# spanning-tree mst forward-time 18
Related Commands
Command
Description
show spanning-tree mst
Displays MST information.
spanning-tree mst hello-time
Sets the interval between hello bridge protocol data units (BPDUs)
sent by root switch configuration messages.
spanning-tree mst max-age
Sets the interval between messages that the spanning tree receives
from the root switch.
spanning-tree mst max-hops
Sets the number of hops in a region before the BPDU is discarded.
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spanning-tree mst hello-time
spanning-tree mst hello-time
To set the interval between hello bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) sent by root switch configuration
messages, use the spanning-tree mst hello-time command in global configuration mode. To return to
the default setting, use the no form of this command.
spanning-tree mst hello-time seconds
no spanning-tree mst hello-time
Syntax Description
seconds
Defaults
The default is 2 seconds.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Interval between hello BPDUs sent by root switch configuration messages. The
range is 1 to 10 seconds.
After you set the spanning-tree mst max-age seconds global configuration command, if a switch does
not receive BPDUs from the root switch within the specified interval, the switch recomputes the
spanning-tree topology. The max-age setting must be greater than the hello-time setting.
Changing the spanning-tree mst hello-time command affects all spanning-tree instances.
You can verify your setting by entering the show spanning-tree mst privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to set the spanning-tree hello time to 3 seconds for all multiple spanning-tree
(MST) instances:
Switch(config)# spanning-tree mst hello-time 3
Related Commands
Command
Description
show spanning-tree mst
Displays MST information.
spanning-tree mst
forward-time
Sets the forward-delay time for all MST instances.
spanning-tree mst max-age
Sets the interval between messages that the spanning tree receives
from the root switch.
spanning-tree mst max-hops
Sets the number of hops in a region before the BPDU is discarded.
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spanning-tree mst max-age
spanning-tree mst max-age
To set the interval between messages that the spanning tree receives from the root switch, use the
spanning-tree mst max-age command in global configuration mode. If a switch does not receive a
bridge protocol data unit (BPDU) message from the root switch within this interval, it recomputes the
spanning-tree topology. To return to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
spanning-tree mst max-age seconds
no spanning-tree mst max-age
Syntax Description
seconds
Defaults
The default is 20 seconds.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Interval between messages the spanning tree receives from the root switch. The range is
6 to 40 seconds.
After you set the spanning-tree mst max-age seconds global configuration command, if a switch does
not receive BPDUs from the root switch within the specified interval, the switch recomputes the
spanning-tree topology. The max-age setting must be greater than the hello-time setting.
Changing the spanning-tree mst max-age command affects all spanning-tree instances.
You can verify your setting by entering the show spanning-tree mst privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to set the spanning-tree max-age to 30 seconds for all multiple spanning-tree
(MST) instances:
Switch(config)# spanning-tree mst max-age 30
Related Commands
Command
Description
show spanning-tree mst
Displays MST information.
spanning-tree mst forward-time
Sets the forward-delay time for all MST instances.
spanning-tree mst hello-time
Sets the interval between hello BPDUs sent by root switch
configuration messages.
spanning-tree mst max-hops
Sets the number of hops in a region before the BPDU is
discarded.
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spanning-tree mst max-hops
spanning-tree mst max-hops
To set the number of hops in a region before the bridge protocol data unit (BPDU) is discarded and the
information held for an interface is aged, use the spanning-tree mst max-hops command in global
configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
spanning-tree mst max-hops hop-count
no spanning-tree mst max-hops
Syntax Description
hop-count
Defaults
The default is 20 hops.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Number of hops in a region before the BPDU is discarded. The range is 1 to 255 hops.
The root switch of the instance always sends a BPDU (or M-record) with a cost of 0 and the hop count
set to the maximum value. When a switch receives this BPDU, it decrements the received remaining hop
count by one and propagates the decremented count as the remaining hop count in the generated
M-records. A switch discards the BPDU and ages the information held for the interface when the count
reaches 0.
Changing the spanning-tree mst max-hops command affects all spanning-tree instances.
You can verify your setting by entering the show spanning-tree mst privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to set the spanning-tree max-hops to 10 for all multiple spanning-tree (MST)
instances:
Switch(config)# spanning-tree mst max-hops 10
Related Commands
Command
Description
show spanning-tree mst
Displays MST information.
spanning-tree mst forward-time
Sets the forward-delay time for all MST instances.
spanning-tree mst hello-time
Sets the interval between hello BPDUs sent by root switch
configuration messages.
spanning-tree mst max-age
Sets the interval between messages that the spanning tree
receives from the root switch.
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spanning-tree mst port-priority
spanning-tree mst port-priority
To configure an interface priority, use the spanning-tree mst port-priority command in interface
configuration mode. If a loop occurs, the Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol (MSTP) can find the interface
to put in the forwarding state. To return to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
spanning-tree mst instance-id port-priority priority
no spanning-tree mst instance-id port-priority
Syntax Description
instance-id
Range of spanning-tree instances. You can specify a single instance, a range of
instances separated by a hyphen, or a series of instances separated by a comma. The
range is 0 to 4094.
priority
The range is 0 to 240 in increments of 16. Valid priority values are 0, 16, 32, 48, 64,
80, 96, 112, 128, 144, 160, 176, 192, 208, 224, and 240. All other values are rejected.
The lower the number, the higher the priority.
Defaults
The default is 128.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can assign higher priority values (lower numerical values) to STP port that you want selected first
and lower priority values (higher numerical values) that you want selected last. If all STP ports have the
same priority value, the multiple spanning tree (MST) puts the interface with the lowest interface number
in the forwarding state and blocks other interfaces.
You can verify your settings by entering the show spanning-tree mst interface interface-id privileged
EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to increase the likelihood that the interface associated with spanning-tree
instances 20 and 22 is placed into the forwarding state if a loop occurs:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree mst 20,22 port-priority 0
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spanning-tree mst port-priority
Related Commands
Command
Description
show spanning-tree mst interface
interface-id
Displays MST information for the specified interface.
spanning-tree mst cost
Sets the path cost for MST calculations.
spanning-tree mst priority
Sets the switch priority for the specified spanning-tree
instance.
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spanning-tree mst pre-standard
spanning-tree mst pre-standard
To configure a port to send only prestandard bridge protocol data units (BPDUs), use the spanning-tree
mst pre-standard command in interface configuration command. To return to the default setting, use
the no form of this command.
spanning-tree mst pre-standard
no spanning-tree mst pre-standard
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Command Default
The default state is automatic detection of prestandard neighbors.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Note
The port can accept both prestandard and standard BPDUs. If the neighbor types are mismatched, only
the common and internal spanning tree (CIST) runs on this interface.
If a switch port is connected to a switch running prestandard Cisco IOS software, you must use the
spanning-tree mst pre-standard interface configuration command on the port. If you do not configure
the port to send only prestandard BPDUs, the Multiple STP (MSTP) performance might diminish.
When the port is configured to automatically detect prestandard neighbors, the prestandard flag always
appears in the show spanning-tree mst commands.
You can verify your settings by entering the show spanning-tree mst privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure a port to send only prestandard BPDUs:
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree mst pre-standard
Related Commands
Command
Description
show spanning-tree mst instance-id
Displays multiple spanning-tree (MST) information,
including the prestandard flag, for the specified interface.
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spanning-tree mst priority
spanning-tree mst priority
To set the switch priority for the specified spanning-tree instance, use the spanning-tree mst priority
command in global configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the no form of this
command.
spanning-tree mst instance-id priority priority
no spanning-tree mst instance-id priority
Syntax Description
instance-id
Range of spanning-tree instances. You can specify a single instance, a range of
instances separated by a hyphen, or a series of instances separated by a comma. The
range is 0 to 4094.
priority
Sets the switch priority for the specified spanning-tree instance. This setting affects
the likelihood that the switch is selected as the root switch. A lower value increases
the probability that the switch is selected as the root switch.
The range is 0 to 61440 in increments of 4096. Valid priority values are 0, 4096,
8192, 12288, 16384, 20480, 24576, 28672, 32768, 36864, 40960, 45056, 49152,
53248, 57344, and 61440. All other values are rejected.
Defaults
The default is 32768.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Examples
This example shows how to set the spanning-tree priority to 8192 for multiple spanning-tree instances
(MST) 20 to 21:
Switch(config)# spanning-tree mst 20-21 priority 8192
Related Commands
Command
Description
show spanning-tree mst instance-id
Displays MST information for the specified interface.
spanning-tree mst cost
Sets the path cost for MST calculations.
spanning-tree mst port-priority
Configures an interface priority.
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spanning-tree mst root
spanning-tree mst root
Use the spanning-tree mst root global configuration command to configure the multiple spanning-tree
(MST) root switch priority and timers based on the network diameter. Use the no form of this command
to return to the default settings.
spanning-tree mst instance-id root {primary | secondary} [diameter net-diameter
[hello-time seconds]]
no spanning-tree mst instance-id root
Syntax Description
Defaults
instance-id
Range of spanning-tree instances. You can specify a single instance, a range
of instances separated by a hyphen, or a series of instances separated by a
comma. The range is 0 to 4094.
root primary
Forces this switch to be the root switch.
root secondary
Sets this switch to be the root switch should the primary root switch fail.
diameter net-diameter
(Optional) Sets the maximum number of switches between any two end
stations. The range is 2 to 7. This keyword is available only for MST
instance 0.
hello-time seconds
(Optional) Sets the interval between hello bridge protocol data units
(BPDUs) sent by the root switch configuration messages. The range is 1 to 10
seconds. This keyword is available only for MST instance 0.
The primary root switch priority is 24576.
The secondary root switch priority is 28672.
The hello time is 2 seconds.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Use the spanning-tree mst instance-id root command only on backbone switches.
When you enter the spanning-tree mst instance-id root command, the software tries to set a high
enough priority to make this switch the root of the spanning-tree instance. Because of the extended
system ID support, the switch sets the switch priority for the instance to 24576 if this value will cause
this switch to become the root for the specified instance. If any root switch for the specified instance has
a switch priority lower than 24576, the switch sets its own priority to 4096 less than the lowest switch
priority. (4096 is the value of the least-significant bit of a 4-bit switch priority value.)
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spanning-tree mst root
When you enter the spanning-tree mst instance-id root secondary command, because of support for
the extended system ID, the software changes the switch priority from the default value (32768) to
28672. If the root switch fails, this switch becomes the next root switch (if the other switches in the
network use the default switch priority of 32768 and are therefore unlikely to become the root switch).
You can verify your settings by entering the show spanning-tree mst instance-id privileged EXEC
command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure the switch as the root switch for instance 10 with a network
diameter of 4:
Switch(config)# spanning-tree mst 10 root primary diameter 4
This example shows how to configure the switch as the secondary root switch for instance 10 with a
network diameter of 4:
Switch(config)# spanning-tree mst 10 root secondary diameter 4
Related Commands
Command
Description
show spanning-tree mst instance-id
Displays MST information for the specified instance.
spanning-tree mst forward-time
Sets the forward-delay time for all MST instances.
spanning-tree mst hello-time
Sets the interval between hello BPDUs sent by root switch
configuration messages.
spanning-tree mst max-age
Sets the interval between messages that the spanning tree
receives from the root switch.
spanning-tree mst max-hops
Sets the number of hops in a region before the BPDU is
discarded.
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spanning-tree port-priority
spanning-tree port-priority
To configure an interface priority, use the spanning-tree port-priority command in interface
configuration mode. If a loop occurs, spanning tree can find the interface to put in the forwarding state.
To return to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
spanning-tree [vlan vlan-id] port-priority priority
no spanning-tree [vlan vlan-id] port-priority
Syntax Description
vlan vlan-id
(Optional) VLAN range associated with a spanning-tree instance. You can specify a
single VLAN identified by VLAN ID number, a range of VLANs separated by a
hyphen, or a series of VLANs separated by a comma. The range is 1 to 4094.
priority
Number from 0 to 240, in increments of 16. Valid values are 0, 16, 32, 48, 64, 80,
96, 112, 128, 144, 160, 176, 192, 208, 224, and 240. All other values are rejected.
The lower the number, the higher the priority.
Defaults
The default is 128.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
If the variable vlan-id is omitted, the command applies to the spanning-tree instance associated with
VLAN 1.
You can set the priority on a VLAN that has no interfaces assigned to it. The setting takes effect when
you assign the STP port to the VLAN.
If you configure an STP port with both the spanning-tree vlan vlan-id port-priority priority command
and the spanning-tree port-priority priority command, the spanning-tree vlan vlan-id port-priority
priority command takes effect.
You can verify your settings by entering the show spanning-tree interface interface-id privileged
EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to increase the likelihood that a port will be put in the forwarding state if a loop
occurs:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree vlan 20 port-priority 0
This example shows how to set the port-priority value on VLANs 20 to 25:
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree vlan 20-25 port-priority 0
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Related Commands
Command
Description
show spanning-tree interface
interface-id
Displays spanning-tree information for the specified interface.
spanning-tree cost
Sets the path cost for spanning-tree calculations.
spanning-tree vlan priority
Sets the switch priority for the specified spanning-tree instance.
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spanning-tree portfast (global configuration)
spanning-tree portfast (global configuration)
To globally enable bridge protocol data unit (BPDU) filtering on Port Fast-enabled interfaces, the BPDU
guard feature on Port Fast-enabled STP ports, or the Port Fast feature on all nontrunking STP ports., use
the spanning-tree portfast command in global configuration mode. The BPDU filtering feature
prevents the switch STP port from sending or receiving BPDUs. The BPDU guard feature puts Port
Fast-enabled STP ports that receive BPDUs in an error-disabled state. To return to the default settings,
use the no form of this command.
spanning-tree portfast {bpdufilter default | bpduguard default | default}
no spanning-tree portfast {bpdufilter default | bpduguard default | default}
Syntax Description
bpdufilter default
Globally enables BPDU filtering on Port Fast-enabled STP ports, and prevent
the switch STP port connected to end stations from sending or receiving
BPDUs.
bpduguard default
Globally enables the BPDU guard feature on Port Fast-enabled STP ports, and
place the STP ports that receive BPDUs in an error-disabled state.
default
Globally enables the Port Fast feature on all nontrunking STP ports. When the
Port Fast feature is enabled, the STP port changes directly from a blocking
state to a forwarding state without making the intermediate spanning-tree
state changes.
Defaults
The BPDU filtering, the BPDU guard, and the Port Fast features are disabled on all NNIs or ENIs unless
they are individually configured.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can enable these features when the switch is operating in the per-VLAN spanning-tree plus
(PVST+), the rapid-PVST+, or the multiple spanning-tree (MST) mode.
Use the spanning-tree portfast bpdufilter default global configuration command to globally enable
BPDU filtering on STP ports that are Port Fast-enabled. The STP ports still send a few BPDUs at link-up
before the switch begins to filter outbound BPDUs. You should globally enable BPDU filtering on a
switch so that hosts connected to switch STP ports do not receive BPDUs. If a BPDU is received on a
Port Fast-enabled STP port, the interface loses its Port Fast-operational status and BPDU filtering is
disabled.
You can override the spanning-tree portfast bpdufilter default global configuration command on an
STP port by using the spanning-tree bdpufilter interface configuration command.
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spanning-tree portfast (global configuration)
Caution
Enabling BPDU filtering on an STP port is the same as disabling spanning tree on it and can result in
spanning-tree loops.
Use the spanning-tree portfast bpduguard default global configuration command to globally enable
BPDU guard on STP ports that are in a Port Fast-operational state. In a valid configuration, Port
Fast-enabled STP ports do not receive BPDUs. Receiving a BPDU on a Port Fast-enabled STP port
signals an invalid configuration, such as the connection of an unauthorized device, and the BPDU guard
feature puts the STP port in the error-disabled state. The BPDU guard feature provides a secure response
to invalid configurations because you must manually put the STP port back in service. Use the BPDU
guard feature in a service-provider network to prevent an access port from participating in the spanning
tree.
You can override the spanning-tree portfast bpduguard default global configuration command by
using the spanning-tree bdpuguard interface configuration command on an STP port.
Use the spanning-tree portfast default global configuration command to globally enable the Port Fast
feature on all nontrunking STP ports. Configure Port Fast only on STP ports that connect to end stations;
otherwise, an accidental topology loop could cause a data packet loop and disrupt switch and network
operation. A Port Fast-enabled STP port moves directly to the spanning-tree forwarding state when
linkup occurs without waiting for the standard forward-delay time.
You can override the spanning-tree portfast default global configuration command by using the
spanning-tree portfast interface configuration command on an STP port. You can use the no
spanning-tree portfast default global configuration command to disable Port Fast on all STP ports
unless they are individually configured with the spanning-tree portfast interface configuration
command.
You can verify your settings by entering the show running-config privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to globally enable the BPDU filtering feature:
Switch(config)# spanning-tree portfast bpdufilter default
This example shows how to globally enable the BPDU guard feature:
Switch(config)# spanning-tree portfast bpduguard default
This example shows how to globally enable the Port Fast feature on all nontrunking interfaces:
Switch(config)# spanning-tree portfast default
Related Commands
Command
Description
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
spanning-tree bpdufilter
Prevents an interface from sending or receiving BPDUs.
spanning-tree bpduguard
Puts an STP port in the error-disabled state when it receives a
BPDU.
spanning-tree portfast (interface
configuration)
Enables the Port Fast feature on an STP port in all its associated
VLANs.
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spanning-tree portfast (interface configuration)
spanning-tree portfast (interface configuration)
To enable the Port Fast feature on an STP port in all its associated VLANs, use the spanning-tree
portfast command in interface configuration mode. When the Port Fast feature is enabled, the STP port
changes directly from a blocking state to a forwarding state without making the intermediate
spanning-tree state changes. To return to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
spanning-tree portfast [disable | trunk]
no spanning-tree portfast
Syntax Description
disable
(Optional) Disables the Port Fast feature on the specified interface.
trunk
(Optional) Enables the Port Fast feature on a trunking interface.
Defaults
The Port Fast feature is disabled on all ports.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Use this feature only on STP ports that connect to end stations; otherwise, an accidental topology loop
could cause a data packet loop and disrupt switch and network operation.
To enable Port Fast on trunk ports, you must use the spanning-tree portfast trunk interface
configuration command. The spanning-tree portfast command is not supported on trunk ports.
You can enable this feature when the switch is operating in the per-VLAN spanning-tree plus (PVST+),
the rapid-PVST+, or the multiple spanning-tree (MST) mode.
This feature affects all VLANs on the STP port.
An interface with the Port Fast feature enabled is moved directly to the spanning-tree forwarding state
without the standard forward-time delay.
You can use the spanning-tree portfast default global configuration command to globally enable the
Port Fast feature on all nontrunking interfaces. However, the spanning-tree portfast interface
configuration command can override the global setting.
If you configure the spanning-tree portfast default global configuration command, you can disable
Port Fast on an STP port that is not a trunk interface by using the spanning-tree portfast disable
interface configuration command.
You can verify your settings by entering the show running-config privileged EXEC command.
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Examples
This example shows how to enable the Port Fast feature on a port:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree portfast
Related Commands
Command
Description
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
spanning-tree bpdufilter
Prevents an interface from sending or receiving bridge protocol data
units (BPDUs).
spanning-tree bpduguard
Puts an interface in the error-disabled state when it receives a
BPDU.
spanning-tree portfast (global
configuration)
Globally enables the BPDU filtering or the BPDU guard feature on
Port Fast-enabled STP ports or enables the Port Fast feature on all
nontrunking STP ports.
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spanning-tree vlan
spanning-tree vlan
To configure spanning tree on a per-VLAN basis, use the spanning-tree vlan command in global
configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
spanning-tree vlan vlan-id [forward-time seconds | hello-time seconds | max-age seconds |
priority priority | root {primary | secondary} [diameter net-diameter
[hello-time seconds]]]
no spanning-tree vlan vlan-id [forward-time | hello-time | max-age | priority | root]
Syntax Description
vlan-id
VLAN range associated with a spanning-tree instance. You can specify a
single VLAN identified by VLAN ID number, a range of VLANs separated
by a hyphen, or a series of VLANs separated by a comma. The range is 1 to
4094.
forward-time seconds
(Optional) Sets the forward-delay time for the specified spanning-tree
instance. The forwarding time specifies how long each of the listening and
learning states last before the interface begins forwarding. The range is 4 to
30 seconds.
hello-time seconds
(Optional) Sets the interval between hello bridge protocol data units
(BPDUs) sent by the root switch configuration messages. The range is 1 to 10
seconds.
max-age seconds
(Optional) Sets the interval between messages the spanning tree receives
from the root switch. If a switch does not receive a BPDU message from the
root switch within this interval, it recomputes the spanning-tree topology.
The range is 6 to 40 seconds.
priority priority
(Optional) Sets the switch priority for the specified spanning-tree instance.
This setting affects the likelihood that this switch is selected as the root
switch. A lower value increases the probability that the switch is selected
as the root switch.
The range is 0 to 61440 in increments of 4096. Valid priority values are
4096, 8192, 12288, 16384, 20480, 24576, 28672, 32768, 36864, 40960,
45056, 49152, 53248, 57344, and 61440. All other values are rejected.
Defaults
root primary
(Optional) Forces this switch to be the root switch.
root secondary
(Optional) Sets this switch to be the root switch should the primary root
switch fail.
diameter net-diameter
(Optional) Sets the maximum number of switches between any two end
stations. The range is 2 to 7.
Spanning tree is enabled on all VLANs.
The forward-delay time is 15 seconds.
The hello time is 2 seconds.
The max-age is 20 seconds.
The primary root switch priority is 24576.
The secondary root switch priority is 28672.
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spanning-tree vlan
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Disabling the STP causes the VLAN to stop participating in the spanning-tree topology. STP ports that
are administratively down remain down. Received BPDUs are forwarded like other multicast frames.
The VLAN does not detect and prevent loops when STP is disabled.
You can disable the STP on a VLAN that is not currently active and verify the change by using the show
running-config or the show spanning-tree vlan vlan-id privileged EXEC command. The setting takes
effect when the VLAN is activated.
When disabling or re-enabling the STP, you can specify a range of VLANs that you want to disable or
enable.
When a VLAN is disabled and then enabled, all assigned VLANs continue to be its members. However,
all spanning-tree bridge parameters are returned to their previous settings (the last setting before the
VLAN was disabled).
You can enable spanning-tree options on a VLAN that has no STP ports assigned to it. The setting takes
effect when you assign interfaces to it.
When setting the max-age seconds, if a switch does not receive BPDUs from the root switch within the
specified interval, it recomputes the spanning-tree topology. The max-age setting must be greater than
the hello-time setting.
The spanning-tree vlan vlan-id root command should be used only on backbone switches.
When you enter the spanning-tree vlan vlan-id root command, the software checks the switch priority
of the current root switch for each VLAN. Because of the extended system ID support, the switch sets
the switch priority for the specified VLAN to 24576 if this value will cause this switch to become the
root for the specified VLAN. If any root switch for the specified VLAN has a switch priority lower than
24576, the switch sets its own priority for the specified VLAN to 4096 less than the lowest switch
priority. (4096 is the value of the least-significant bit of a 4-bit switch priority value.)
When you enter the spanning-tree vlan vlan-id root secondary command, because of support for the
extended system ID, the software changes the switch priority from the default value (32768) to 28672.
If the root switch should fail, this switch becomes the next root switch (if the other switches in the
network use the default switch priority of 32768, and therefore, are unlikely to become the root switch).
You can verify your settings by entering the show spanning-tree vlan vlan-id privileged EXEC
command.
Examples
This example shows how to disable the STP on VLAN 5:
Switch(config)# no spanning-tree vlan 5
You can verify your setting by entering the show spanning-tree privileged EXEC command. In this
instance, VLAN 5 does not appear in the list.
This example shows how to set the spanning-tree forwarding time to 18 seconds for VLANs 20 and 25:
Switch(config)# spanning-tree vlan 20,25 forward-time 18
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spanning-tree vlan
This example shows how to set the spanning-tree hello-delay time to 3 seconds for VLANs 20 to 24:
Switch(config)# spanning-tree vlan 20-24 hello-time 3
This example shows how to set spanning-tree max-age to 30 seconds for VLAN 20:
Switch(config)# spanning-tree vlan 20 max-age 30
This example shows how to reset the max-age parameter to the default value for spanning-tree instance
100 and 105 to 108:
Switch(config)# no spanning-tree vlan 100, 105-108 max-age
This example shows how to set the spanning-tree priority to 8192 for VLAN 20:
Switch(config)# spanning-tree vlan 20 priority 8192
This example shows how to configure the switch as the root switch for VLAN 10 with a network
diameter of 4:
Switch(config)# spanning-tree vlan 10 root primary diameter 4
This example shows how to configure the switch as the secondary root switch for VLAN 10 with a
network diameter of 4:
Switch(config)# spanning-tree vlan 10 root secondary diameter 4
Related Commands
Command
Description
show spanning-tree vlan
Displays spanning-tree information.
spanning-tree cost
Sets the path cost for spanning-tree calculations.
spanning-tree guard
Enables the root guard or the loop guard feature for all the VLANs
associated with the selected interface.
spanning-tree port-priority
Sets an interface priority.
spanning-tree portfast (global Globally enables the BPDU filtering or the BPDU guard feature on
configuration)
Port Fast-enabled STP ports or enables the Port Fast feature on all
nontrunking STP ports.
spanning-tree portfast
(interface configuration)
Enables the Port Fast feature on an STP port in all its associated
VLANs.
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speed
speed
To specify the speed of a 10/100/1000 Mbps port, use the speed interface configuration command. To
return the port to its default value, use the no or default form of this command.
speed {10 | 100 | 1000 | auto [10 | 100 | 1000] | nonegotiate}
no speed
Note
Syntax Description
You cannot configure the speed on small form-factor pluggable (SFP) module ports or on 10 Gigabit
Ethernet ports, but you can configure the speed to not negotiate (nonegotiate) if they are connected to a
device that does not support autonegotiation. See “Usage Guidelines” for exceptions when a
1000BASE-T SFP module is in the SFP module slot.
10
Port runs at 10 Mbps.
100
Port runs at 100 Mbps.
1000
Port runs at 1000 Mbps. This option is valid and visible only on 10/100/1000
Mbps-ports.
auto
Port automatically detects the speed it should run at based on the port at the other
end of the link. If you use the 10, 100, or 1000 keywords with the auto keyword, the
port only autonegotiates at the specified speeds.
nonegotiate
Autonegotiation is disabled, and the port runs at 1000 Mbps. (The 1000BASE-T SFP
does not support the nonegotiate keyword.)
Defaults
The default is auto.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can configure the Gigabit Ethernet port speed as 10, 100, or 1000 Mbps.
You cannot configure the speed on 10 Gigabit Ethernet ports, but you can configure the speed to not
negotiate (nonegotiate) if they are connected to a device that does not support autonegotiation.
When a 1000BASE-T SFP module is in the SFP module slot, you can configure the speed as 10, 100,
1000, or auto but not to nonegotiate.
Except for the 1000BASE-T SFP modules, if an SFP module port is connected to a device that does not
support autonegotiation, you can configure the speed to not negotiate (nonegotiate).
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speed
If the speed is set to auto, the switch negotiates with the device at the other end of the link for the speed
setting and then forces the speed setting to the negotiated value. The duplex setting remains as
configured on each end of the link, which could result in a duplex setting mismatch.
If both ends of the line support autonegotiation, we highly recommend the default autonegotiation
settings. If one interface supports autonegotiation and the other end does not, do use the auto setting on
the supported side, but set the duplex and speed on the other side.
Caution
Note
Changing the interface speed and duplex mode configuration might shut down and re-enable the
interface during the reconfiguration.
For guidelines on setting the switch speed and duplex parameters, see the software configuration guide
for this release.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show interfaces privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to set speed on a port to 100 Mbps:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# speed 100
This example shows how to set a port to autonegotiate at only 10 Mbps:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# speed auto 10
This example shows how to set a port to autonegotiate at only 10 or 100 Mbps:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# speed auto 10 100
Related Commands
Command
Description
duplex
Specifies the duplex mode of operation.
show interfaces
Displays the statistical information specific to all interfaces or to a specific
interface.
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storm-control
storm-control
To enable broadcast, multicast, or unicast storm control and to set threshold levels on an interface, use
the storm-control command in interface configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the no
form of this command.
storm-control {{broadcast | multicast | unicast} level {rising_level [falling_level]} | bps bps
[bps-low] | pps pps [pps-low]}} | {action {shutdown | trap}}
no storm-control {{broadcast | multicast | unicast} level} | {action {shutdown | trap}}
Syntax Description
broadcast
Enables broadcast storm control on the interface.
multicast
Enables multicast storm control on the interface.
unicast
Enables unicast storm control on the interface.
level
rising_level
[falling_level]
Specifies the rising and falling suppression levels as a percentage of total bandwidth
of the port.
•
rising_level—The rising threshold level for broadcast, multicast, or unicast
traffic as a percentage (up to two decimal places) of the bandwidth. The port
blocks traffic when the rising threshold is reached. The range is 0.00 to 100.00.
•
(Optional) falling_level—The falling threshold level as a percentage (up to two
decimal places) of the bandwidth. This value must be less than or equal to the
rising suppression value. The port forwards traffic when traffic drops below this
level. If you do not configure a falling suppression level, it is set to the rising
suppression level. The range is 0.00 to 100.00.
If you set the threshold to the maximum value (100 percent), no limit is placed on
the traffic. If you set the threshold to 0.0, all broadcast, multicast, and unicast traffic
on that port is blocked.
level bps bps
[bps-low]
Specifies the rising and falling suppression levels as a rate in bits per second at which
traffic is received on the port.
•
bps bps—The rising threshold level for broadcast, multicast, or unicast traffic
in bits per second (up to one decimal place). The port blocks traffic when the
rising threshold is reached. The range is 0.0 to 10000000000.0.
•
(Optional) bps-low—The falling threshold level in bits per second (up to one
decimal place). It can be less than or equal to the rising threshold level. The port
forwards traffic when traffic drops below this level. The range is 0.0 to
10000000000.0.
For bps settings, you can use metric suffixes such as k, m, and g for large number
thresholds.
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storm-control
level pps pps
[pps-low]
Specifies the rising and falling suppression levels as a rate in packets per second at
which traffic is received on the port.
•
pps pps—The rising threshold level for broadcast, multicast, or unicast traffic
in packets per second (up to one decimal place). The port blocks traffic when the
rising threshold is reached. The range is 0.0 to 10000000000.0.
•
(Optional) pps-low,—The falling threshold level in packets per second (up to
one decimal place). It can be less than or equal to the rising threshold level. The
port forwards traffic when traffic drops below this level. The range is 0.0 to
10000000000.0.
For pps settings, you can use metric suffixes such as k, m, and g for large number
thresholds.\
action
{shutdown |
trap}
Defaults
Specifies the action to be taken when a storm is detected. The default action is to
filter traffic and to not send an Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) trap.
The keywords have these meanings:
•
shutdown—Error-disables the port during a storm.
•
trap—Sends an SNMP trap when a storm occurs.
Broadcast, multicast, and unicast storm control are disabled.
The default action is to filter traffic and to not send an SNMP trap.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Storm control is supported on physical interfaces. When you configure storm control on an interface, it
also affects traffic on Ethernet Flow Points (EFPs) configured on the interface.
You can also configure storm control on an EtherChannel. When storm control is configured on an
EtherChannel, the storm control settings propagate to the EtherChannel physical interfaces.
The storm-control suppression level can be entered as a percentage of total bandwidth of the port, as a
rate in packets per second at which traffic is received, or as a rate in bits per second at which traffic is
received.
When specified as a percentage of total bandwidth, a suppression value of 100 percent means that no
limit is placed on the specified traffic type. A value of level 0 0 means that all broadcast, multicast, or
unicast traffic on that port is blocked. Storm control is enabled only when the rising suppression level is
less than 100 percent. If no other storm-control configuration is specified, the default action is to filter
the traffic causing the storm and to send no SNMP traps.
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Note
When the storm control threshold for multicast traffic is reached, all multicast traffic except control
traffic, such as bridge protocol data unit (BDPU) and Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) frames, are
blocked. However, the switch does not differentiate between routing updates, such as Open Shortest Path
First (OSPF) and regular multicast data traffic, so both types of traffic are blocked.
The trap and shutdown options are independent of each other.
If you configure the action to be taken as shutdown (the port is error-disabled during a storm) when a
packet storm is detected, you must use the no shutdown interface configuration command to bring the
interface out of this state. If you do not specify the shutdown action, specify the action as trap (the
switch generates a trap when a storm is detected).
When a storm occurs and the action is to filter traffic, if the falling suppression level is not specified, the
switch blocks all traffic until the traffic rate drops below the rising suppression level. If the falling
suppression level is specified, the switch blocks traffic until the traffic rate drops below this level.
When a broadcast storm occurs and the action is to filter traffic, the switch blocks only broadcast traffic.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show storm-control privileged EXEC command.
For more information, see the software configuration guide for this release.
Examples
This example shows how to enable broadcast storm control with a 75.5-percent rising suppression level:
This example shows how to enable unicast storm control on a port with an 87-percent rising suppression
level and a 65-percent falling suppression level:
Switch# configure terminal
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# storm-control unicast level 87 65
This example shows how to enable broadcast address storm control on a port to a level of 20 percent.
When the broadcast traffic exceeds the configured level of 20 percent of the total available bandwidth of
the port within the traffic-storm-control interval, the switch drops all broadcast traffic until the end of
the traffic-storm-control interval:
Switch# configure terminal
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# storm-control broadcast level 20
Related Commands
Command
Description
show storm-control
Displays broadcast, multicast, or unicast storm control settings on all
interfaces or on a specified interface.
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switchport
switchport
To put an interface that is in Layer 3 mode into Layer 2 mode for Layer 2 configuration, use the
switchport command with no keywords in interface configuration mode. To put an interface in Layer 3
mode, use the no form of this command.
switchport
no switchport
Note
The switchport commands are not available on interfaces with service instances configured.
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Defaults
By default, all interfaces are in Layer 2 (switching) mode.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Use the no switchport command (without parameters) to set the interface to the routed-interface status
and to erase all Layer 2 configurations. You must enter the no switchport command and then assign an
IP address to the routed port.
If an interface is configured as a Layer 3 interface, to process traffic through the CPU, you must first
enter the switchport command with no keywords before configuring switching characteristics on the
port. Then you can enter additional switchport commands with keywords, as shown on the pages that
follow.
Entering the no switchport command shuts the port down and then re-enables it, which might generate
messages on the device to which the port is connected.
When you enter the switchport (or no switchport) command without keywords on an interface, the
configuration information for the affected interface might be lost, and the interface returned to its default
configuration.
The switchport commands are not available on interfaces with service instances configured.
You can verify the switchport status of an interface by entering the show running-config privileged
EXEC command.
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switchport
Examples
This example shows how to change an interface from a Layer 2 (switching) port to a Layer 3 (routed)
port.
Switch(config-if)# no switchport
This example shows how to return the port to switching mode:
Switch(config-if)# switchport
Related Commands
Command
Description
show interfaces switchport Displays the administrative and operational status of a switching
(nonrouting) port, including port blocking and port protection settings.
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
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switchport access vlan
switchport access vlan
To configure a port as a static-access port, use the switchport access vlan command in interface
configuration mode. If the switchport mode is set to access (by using the switchport mode interface
configuration command), use this command to set the port to operate as a member of the specified
VLAN. To reset the access VLAN mode to the default VLAN for the switch, use the no form of this
command.
switchport access vlan {vlan-id | dynamic}
no switchport access vlan
Note
Syntax Description
Note
This command is not available on interfaces with service instances configured.
vlan-id
Configure the interface as a static access port with the VLAN ID of the
access mode VLAN; the range is 1 to 4094.
Although visible in the command-line help, the dynamic keyword is not supported.
Defaults
The default access VLAN and trunk interface native VLAN is a VLAN corresponding to the platform or
interface hardware.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The no switchport access vlan command resets the access mode VLAN to the appropriate default
VLAN for the device.
The port must be in access mode before the switchport access vlan command can take effect.
An access port can be assigned to only one VLAN.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show interfaces interface-id switchport privileged
EXEC command and examining information in the Administrative Mode and Operational Mode rows.
Examples
This example shows how to change a Layer 2 interface in access mode to operate in VLAN 2 instead of
the default VLAN.
Switch(config-if)# switchport access vlan 2
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switchport access vlan
Related Commands
Command
Description
show interfaces switchport
Displays the administrative and operational status of a switching
(nonrouting) port, including port blocking and port protection settings.
switchport mode
Configures the VLAN membership mode of a port.
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switchport backup interface
switchport backup interface
To configure Flex Links, a pair of interfaces that provide backup to each other, use the switchport
backup interface command in interface configuration mode on a Layer 2 interface. To remove the Flex
Links configuration, use the no form of this command.
switchport backup interface [interface-id | GigabitEthernet interface-id | Port-channel
interface-id] {mmu primary vlan interface-id | multicast fast-convergence | preemption
{delay delay-time | mode} | prefer vlan vlan-id}
no switchport backup interface [GigabitEthernet interface-id | Port-channel interface-id]
{mmu primary vlan interface-id | multicast fast-convergence | preemption {delay
delay-time | mode} | prefer vlan vlan-id}
Note
Syntax Description
This command is not available on interfaces with service instances configured.
GigabitEthernet
GigabitEthernet port name.
Port-channel
Ethernet Channel interface.
interface-id
Specifies that the Layer 2 interface to act as a backup link to the interface
being configured. The interface can be a physical interface or port channel.
The port-channel range is 1 to 26.
mmu primary vlan
vlan-id
MAC-address move update. Configure the MAC move update (MMU) for a
backup interface pair, using the MAC-address move update primary VLAN
ID. The VLAN range is 1 to 4094.
multicast
fast-convergence
Enables multicast Fast-convergence.
preemption
Configures a preemption scheme for a backup interface pair.
delay delay-time
(Optional) Specifies a preemption delay; the valid values are 1 to 300
seconds.
mode
Specifies a preemption mode as bandwidth, forced, or off.
prefer vlan vlan-id
Specifies that VLANs are carried on the backup interfaces of a Flex Link
pair. VLAN ID range is 1 to 4,094.
off
(Optional) Specifies that no preemption occurs from backup to active.
delay delay-time
(Optional) Specifies a preemption delay; the valid values are 1 to 300
seconds.
Defaults
The default is to have no Flex Links defined. Preemption mode is off. No preemption occurs. Preemption
delay is set to 35 seconds.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
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switchport backup interface
Command History
Usage Guidelines
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
With Flex Links configured, one link acts as the primary interface and forwards traffic, while the other
interface is in standby mode, ready to begin forwarding traffic if the primary link shuts down. The
interface being configured is referred to as the active link; the specified interface is identified as the
backup link. The feature provides an alternative to the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP), allowing users to
turn off STP and still retain basic link redundancy.
•
This command is available only for Layer 2 interfaces.
•
You can configure only one Flex Link backup link for any active link, and it must be a different
interface from the active interface.
•
An interface can belong to only one Flex Link pair. An interface can be a backup link for only one
active link. An active link cannot belong to another Flex Link pair.
•
A backup link does not have to be the same type (Fast Ethernet or Gigabit Ethernet, for instance) as
the active link. However, you should configure both Flex Links with similar characteristics so that
there are no loops or changes in behavior if the standby link begins to forward traffic.
•
Neither of the links can be a port that belongs to an EtherChannel. However, you can configure two
port channels (EtherChannel logical interfaces) as Flex Links, and you can configure a port channel
and a physical interface as Flex Links, with either the port channel or the physical interface as the
active link.
•
If STP is configured on the switch, Flex Links do not participate in STP in all valid VLANs. If STP
is not running, be sure that there are no loops in the configured topology.
You can verify your setting by entering the show interfaces switchport backup privileged EXEC
command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure two interfaces as Flex Links:
Switch# configure terminal
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# switchport backup interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch(config-if)# end
This example shows how to configure the interface to always preempt the backup:
Switch# configure terminal
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# switchport backup interface gigabitethernet0/2 preemption forced
Switch(config-if)# end
This example shows how to configure the interface preemption delay time:
Switch# configure terminal
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# switchport backup interface gigabitethernet0/2 preemption delay 150
Switch(config-if)# end
This example shows how to configure the interface as the MMU primary VLAN:
Switch# configure terminal
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# switchport backup interface gigabitethernet0/2 mmu primary vlan 1021
Switch(config-if)# end
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switchport backup interface
This example shows how to configure preferred VLANs:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/6
Switch(config-if)# switchport backup interface gigabitethernet 0/8 prefer vlan 60,100-120
In this example, VLANs 60, and 100 to 120 are configured on the switch:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 0/6
Switch(config-if)# switchport backup interface gigabitEthernet 0/8 prefer vlan 60,100-120
When both interfaces are up, Gi0/6 forwards traffic for VLANs 1 to 50, and Gi0/8 forwards traffic for
VLANs 60 and 100 to 120.
Switch# show interfaces switchport backup
Switch Backup Interface Pairs:
Active Interface
Backup Interface
State
-----------------------------------------------------------------------GigabitEthernet0/6
GigabitEthernet0/8
Active Up/Backup Up
Vlans Preferred on Active Interface: 1-50
Vlans Preferred on Backup Interface: 60, 100-120
When a Flex Link interface goes down (LINK_DOWN), VLANs preferred on this interface are moved
to the peer interface of the Flex Link pair. In this example, if interface Gi0/6 goes down, Gi0/8 carries
all VLANs of the Flex Link pair.
Switch# show interfaces switchport backup
Switch Backup Interface Pairs:
Active Interface
Backup Interface
State
-----------------------------------------------------------------------GigabitEthernet0/6
GigabitEthernet0/8
Active Down/Backup Up
Vlans Preferred on Active Interface: 1-50
Vlans Preferred on Backup Interface: 60, 100-120
When a Flex Link interface comes up, VLANs preferred on this interface are blocked on the peer
interface and moved to the forwarding state on the interface that has just come up. In this example, if
interface Gi0/6 comes up, VLANs preferred on this interface are blocked on the peer interface Gi0/8 and
forwarded on Gi0/6.
Switch# show interfaces switchport backup
Switch Backup Interface Pairs:
Active Interface
Backup Interface
State
-----------------------------------------------------------------------GigabitEthernet0/6
GigabitEthernet0/8
Active Up/Backup Up
Vlans Preferred on Active Interface: 1-50
Vlans Preferred on Backup Interface: 60, 100-120
This example shows how to configure multicast fast-convergence on interface Gi0/11:
Switch# configure terminal
Switch(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 0/11
Switch(config-if)# switchport backup interface gigabitEthernet 0/12 multicast
fast-convergence
Switch(config-if)# end
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switchport backup interface
Switch# show interfaces switchport backup detail
Switch Backup Interface Pairs:
Active Interface
Backup Interface
State
-----------------------------------------------------------------------GigabitEthernet0/11
GigabitEthernet0/12
Active Up/Backup Standby
Preemption Mode : off
Multicast Fast Convergence : On
Bandwidth : 1000000 Kbit (Gi0/11), 1000000 Kbit (Gi0/12)
Mac Address Move Update Vlan : auto
Related Commands
Command
Description
show interfaces [interface-id]
switchport backup
Displays the configured Flex Links and their status on the switch or
for the specified interface.
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switchport block
switchport block
To prevent unknown multicast or unicast packets from being forwarded, use the switchport block
command in interface configuration mode. To allow forwarding unknown multicast or unicast packets,
use the no form of this command.
switchport block {multicast | unicast}
no switchport block {multicast | unicast}
Note
Syntax Description
This command is not available on interfaces with service instances configured.
multicast
Specifies that unknown multicast traffic should be blocked.
Note
unicast
Only pure Layer 2 multicast traffic is blocked. Multicast packets that
contain IPv4 or IPv6 information in the header are not blocked.
Specifies that unknown unicast traffic should be blocked.
Defaults
Unknown multicast and unicast traffic is not blocked.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
By default, all traffic with unknown MAC addresses is sent to all ports. You can block unknown multicast
or unicast traffic on protected or nonprotected ports. If unknown multicast or unicast traffic is not
blocked on a protected port, there could be security issues.
With multicast traffic, the port blocking feature blocks only pure Layer 2 packets. Multicast packets that
contain IPv4 or IPv6 information in the header are not blocked.
Blocking unknown multicast or unicast traffic is not automatically enabled on protected ports; you must
explicitly configure it.
You can verify your setting by entering the show interfaces interface-id switchport privileged EXEC
command.
For more information about blocking packets, see the software configuration guide for this release.
Examples
This example shows how to block unknown multicast traffic on an interface:
Switch(config-if)# switchport block multicast
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switchport block
Related Commands
Command
Description
show interfaces switchport
Displays the administrative and operational status of a switching
(nonrouting) port.
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switchport host
switchport host
To optimize a Layer 2 port for a host connection, use the switchport host command in interface
configuration mode. The no form of this command has no affect on the system.
switchport host
Note
This command is not available on interfaces with service instances configured.
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Defaults
The default is for the port to not be optimized for a host connection.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
To optimize the port for a host connection, the switchport host command sets switch port mode to
access, enables spanning tree Port Fast, and disables channel grouping. Only an end station can accept
this configuration.
Because spanning tree Port Fast is enabled, you should enter the switchport host command only on ports
that are connected to a single host. Connecting other switches, hubs, concentrators, or bridges to a
fast-start port can cause temporary spanning-tree loops.
Enable the switchport host command to decrease the time that it takes to start up packet forwarding.
You can verify your setting by entering the show interfaces interface-id switchport privileged EXEC
command.
Examples
This example shows how to optimize the port configuration for a host connection:
Switch(config-if)# switchport host
switchport mode will be set to access
spanning-tree portfast will be enabled
channel group will be disabled
Switch(config-if)#
Related Commands
Command
Description
show interfaces switchport
Displays the administrative and operational status of a switching
(nonrouting) port, including switchport mode.
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switchport mode
switchport mode
To configure the VLAN membership mode of a port, use the switchport mode command in interface
configuration mode. To reset the mode to the default, use the no form of this command.
switchport mode {access | trunk}
no switchport mode
Note
Syntax Description
This command is not available on interfaces with service instances configured.
access
Sets the port to access mode (either static-access or dynamic-access depending
on the setting of the switchport access vlan interface configuration command).
The port is set to access unconditionally and operates as a nontrunking, single
VLAN interface that sends and receives unencapsulated (nontagged) frames.
An access port can be assigned to only one VLAN.
trunk
Sets the port to trunk unconditionally. The port is a trunking VLAN Layer 2
interface. The port sends and receives encapsulated (tagged) frames that
identify the VLAN of origination. A trunk is a point-to-point link between two
switches or between a switch and a router.
Defaults
The default mode is access.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
A configuration that uses the access or trunk keywords takes effect only when you configure the port in
the appropriate mode by using the switchport mode command. The static-access and trunk
configuration are saved, but only one configuration is active at a time.
When you enter access mode, the interface changes to permanent nontrunking mode and negotiates to
convert the link into a nontrunk link even if the neighboring interface does not agree to the change.
When you enter trunk mode, the interface changes to permanent trunking mode and negotiates to
convert the link into a trunk link even if the interface connecting to it does not agree to the change. If
you do not intend to trunk across those links, use the switchport mode access interface configuration
command to disable trunking.
Access ports and trunk ports are mutually exclusive.
You can verify your settings by entering the show interfaces interface-id switchport privileged EXEC
command and examining information in the Administrative Mode and Operational Mode rows.
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switchport mode
Examples
This example shows how to configure a port for access mode:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# switchport mode access
This example shows how to configure a port for trunk mode:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# switchport mode trunk
Related Commands
Command
Description
show interfaces switchport
Displays the administrative and operational status of a switching
(nonrouting) port.
switchport access vlan
Configures a port as a static-access or dynamic-access port.
switchport trunk
Configures the trunk characteristics when an interface is in trunking
mode.
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switchport trunk
switchport trunk
To set the trunk characteristics when the interface is in trunking mode, use the switchport trunk
command in interface configuration mode. To reset a trunking characteristic to the default, use the no
form of this command.
switchport trunk {allowed vlan vlan-list | native vlan vlan-id}
no switchport trunk {allowed vlan | native vlan}
Note
Syntax Description
This command is not available on interfaces with service instances configured.
allowed vlan vlan-list
Sets the list of allowed VLANs that can receive and send traffic on this
interface in tagged format when in trunking mode. See the following vlan-list
format. The none keyword is not valid. The default is all.
native vlan vlan-id
Sets the native VLAN for sending and receiving untagged traffic when the
interface is in 802.1Q trunking mode. The range is 1 to 4094.
The vlan-list format is all | none | [add | remove | except] vlan-atom [,vlan-atom...] where:
•
all specifies all VLANs from 1 to 4094. This keyword is not allowed on commands that do not
permit all VLANs in the list to be set at the same time.
•
none means an empty list. This keyword is not allowed on commands that require certain VLANs
to be set or at least one VLAN to be set.
•
add adds the defined list of VLANs to those currently set instead of replacing the list. Valid IDs are
from 1 to 4094. You can add extended-range VLANs (VLAN IDs greater than 1005) to the allowed
VLAN list.
Separate nonconsecutive VLAN IDs with a comma; use a hyphen to designate a range of IDs.
•
remove removes the defined list of VLANs from those currently set instead of replacing the list.
Valid IDs are from 1 to 4094; extended-range VLAN IDs are valid.
Separate nonconsecutive VLAN IDs with a comma; use a hyphen to designate a range of IDs.
Defaults
•
except lists the VLANs that should be calculated by inverting the defined list of VLANs. (VLANs
are added except the ones specified.) Valid IDs are from 1 to 1005. Separate nonconsecutive VLAN
IDs with a comma; use a hyphen to designate a range of IDs.
•
vlan-atom is either a single VLAN number from 1 to 4094 or a continuous range of VLANs
described by two VLAN numbers, the lesser one first, separated by a hyphen.
VLAN 1 is the default native VLAN ID on the port.
The default for all VLAN lists is to include all VLANs.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
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switchport trunk
Command History
Usage Guidelines
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Native VLANs:
•
All untagged traffic received on an IEEE 802.1Q trunk port is forwarded with the native VLAN
configured for the port.
•
If a packet has a VLAN ID that is the same as the sending-port native VLAN ID, the packet is sent
without a tag; otherwise, the switch sends the packet with a tag.
•
The no form of the native vlan command resets the native mode VLAN to the appropriate default
VLAN for the device.
Allowed VLAN:
•
To reduce the risk of spanning-tree loops or storms, you can disable VLAN 1 on any individual
VLAN trunk port by removing VLAN 1 from the allowed list. When you remove VLAN 1 from a
trunk port, the interface continues to send and receive management traffic, for example, Cisco
Discovery Protocol (CDP), Port Aggregation Protocol (PAgP), and Link Aggregation Control
Protocol (LACP) in VLAN 1.
•
The no form of the allowed vlan command resets the list to the default list, which allows all VLANs.
You can verify your settings by entering the show interfaces interface-id switchport privileged EXEC
command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure VLAN 3 as the default for the port to send all untagged traffic:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch(config-if)# switchport trunk native vlan 3
This example shows how to add VLANs 1, 2, 5, and 6 to the allowed list:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/2
Switch(config-if)# switchport trunk allowed vlan add 1,2,5,6
Related Commands
Command
Description
show interfaces switchport
Displays the administrative and operational status of a switching
(nonrouting) port.
switchport mode
Configures the VLAN membership mode of a port.
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system env temperature threshold alert
system env temperature threshold alert
To configure the delta value from the shutdown threshold for a high or low alert to be generated, use the
system env temperature threshold alert command in global configuration mode. To return to the
default, use the no form of this command.
system env temperature threshold alert {high | low} value
no system env temperature threshold alert {high | low}
Syntax Description
high
Configures the high temperature threshold when an alert should be sent.
low
Configures the low temperature threshold when an alert should be sent.
value
Specifies the delta value in degrees Celsius from the shutdown threshold for an high or
low alert to be generated. The range is from 20 to 40 degrees Celcius.
Defaults
The default value is 10 degrees Celcius. An alert is sent when the temperature is 10 degrees higher or
lower than the shutdown threshold.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Examples
This example sets 15 degrees Celcius as the high value delta from the shutdown threshold so that an alert
is sent if the temperature is 15 degrees higher than the shutdown threshold:
Switch(config)# system env temperature threshold alert high 15
Switch(config)#
Related Commands
Command
Description
show env temperature status
Displays the switch temperature status and thresholds.
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test cable-diagnostics tdr
test cable-diagnostics tdr
To run the Time Domain Reflector (TDR) feature on an interface, use the test cable-diagnostics tdr
command in privileged EXEC mode.
test cable-diagnostics tdr interface interface-id
Note
TDR is supported only on GigabitEthernet 10/100/100 ports.
interface-id
Specifies the interface on which to run TDR.
Defaults
There is no default.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can use the TDR feature to diagnose and resolve cabling problems. TDR is supported only on copper
Ethernet 10/100 or 10/100/1000 ports. It is not supported on small form-factor pluggable (SFP) module
ports or on 10 Gigabit Ethernet ports. For more information about TDR, see the software configuration
guide for this release.
After you run TDR by using the test cable-diagnostics tdr interface interface-id command, use the
show cable-diagnostics tdr interface interface-id privileged EXEC command to display the results.
Examples
This example shows how to run TDR on an interface:
Switch# test cable-diagnostics tdr interface gigabitethernet0/2
TDR test started on interface Gi0/2
A TDR test can take a few seconds to run on an interface
Use 'show cable-diagnostics tdr' to read the TDR results.
If you enter the test cable-diagnostics tdr interface interface-id command on an interface that has a
link status of up and a speed of 10 or 100 Mbps, these messages appear:
Switch# test cable-diagnostics tdr interface gigabitethernet0/3
TDR test on Gi0/9 will affect link state and traffic
TDR test started on interface Gi0/3
A TDR test can take a few seconds to run on an interface
Use 'show cable-diagnostics tdr' to read the TDR results.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show cable-diagnostics tdr
Displays the TDR results.
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traceroute mac
traceroute mac
To display the Layer 2 path taken by the packets from the specified source MAC address to the specified
destination MAC address, use the traceroute mac command in privileged EXEC mode.
traceroute mac [interface interface-id] {source-mac-address} [interface interface-id]
{destination-mac-address} [vlan vlan-id] [detail]
Syntax Description
interface interface-id
(Optional) Specifies an interface on the source or destination switch.
source-mac-address
Specifies the MAC address of the source switch in hexadecimal format.
destination-mac-address
Specifies the MAC address of the destination switch in hexadecimal
format.
vlan vlan-id
(Optional) Specifies the VLAN on which to trace the Layer 2 path that the
packets take from the source switch to the destination switch. Valid VLAN
IDs are 1 to 4094.
detail
(Optional) Specifies that detailed information appears.
Defaults
There is no default.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
For Layer 2 traceroute to function properly, Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) must be enabled on all the
switches in the network. Do not disable CDP.
When the switch detects a device in the Layer 2 path that does not support Layer 2 traceroute, the switch
continues to send Layer 2 trace queries and lets them time out.
The maximum number of hops identified in the path is ten.
Layer 2 traceroute supports only unicast traffic. If you specify a multicast source or destination MAC
address, the physical path is not identified, and an error message appears.
The traceroute mac command output shows the Layer 2 path when the specified source and destination
addresses belong to the same VLAN. If you specify source and destination addresses that belong to
different VLANs, the Layer 2 path is not identified, and an error message appears.
If the source or destination MAC address belongs to multiple VLANs, you must specify the VLAN to
which both the source and destination MAC addresses belong. If the VLAN is not specified, the path is
not identified, and an error message appears.
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traceroute mac
The Layer 2 traceroute feature is not supported when multiple devices are attached to one port through
hubs (for example, multiple CDP neighbors are detected on a port). When more than one CDP neighbor
is detected on a port, the Layer 2 path is not identified, and an error message appears.
This feature is not supported in Token Ring VLANs.
Examples
This example shows how to display the Layer 2 path by specifying the source and destination MAC
addresses:
Switch# traceroute mac 0000.0201.0601 0000.0201.0201
Source 0000.0201.0601 found on con6[ME-3400-24TS] (2.2.6.6)
con6 (2.2.6.6) :Gi0/1 => Gi0/3
con5
(2.2.5.5
) :
Gi0/3 => Gi0/1
con1
(2.2.1.1
) :
Gi0/1 => Gi0/2
con2
(2.2.2.2
) :
Gi0/2 => Gi0/1
Destination 0000.0201.0201 found on con2[WS-C3550-24] (2.2.2.2)
Layer 2 trace completed
This example shows how to display the Layer 2 path by using the detail keyword:
Switch# traceroute mac 0000.0201.0601 0000.0201.0201 detail
Source 0000.0201.0601 found on con6[ME-3400-24TS] (2.2.6.6)
ME-3400-24TS / 2.2.6.6 :
Gi0/2 [auto, auto] => Gi0/3 [auto, auto]
con5 / WS-C2950G-24-EI / 2.2.5.5 :
Fa0/3 [auto, auto] => Gi0/1 [auto, auto]
con1 / WS-C3550-12G / 2.2.1.1 :
Gi0/1 [auto, auto] => Gi0/2 [auto, auto]
con2 / WS-C3550-24 / 2.2.2.2 :
Gi0/2 [auto, auto] => Fa0/1 [auto, auto]
Destination 0000.0201.0201 found on con2[WS-C3550-24] (2.2.2.2)
Layer 2 trace completed.
This example shows how to display the Layer 2 path by specifying the interfaces on the source and
destination switches:
Switch# traceroute mac interface fastethernet0/1 0000.0201.0601 interface fastethernet0/3
0000.0201.0201
Source 0000.0201.0601 found on con6[ME-3400-24TS] (2.2.6.6)
con6 (2.2.6.6) :Gi0/1 => Gi0/3
con5
(2.2.5.5
) :
Gi0/3 => Gi0/1
con1
(2.2.1.1
) :
Gi0/1 => Gi0/2
con2
(2.2.2.2
) :
Gi0/2 => Gi0/1
Destination 0000.0201.0201 found on con2[WS-C3550-24] (2.2.2.2)
Layer 2 trace completed
This example shows the Layer 2 path when the switch is not connected to the source switch:
Switch# traceroute mac 0000.0201.0501 0000.0201.0201 detail
Source not directly connected, tracing source .....
Source 0000.0201.0501 found on con5[ME-3400-24TS] (2.2.5.5)
con5 / ME-3400-24TS/ 2.2.5.5 :
Gi0/1 [auto, auto] => Gi0/3 [auto, auto]
con1 / WS-C3550-12G / 2.2.1.1 :
Gi0/1 [auto, auto] => Gi0/2 [auto, auto]
con2 / WS-C3550-24 / 2.2.2.2 :
Gi0/2 [auto, auto] => Fa0/1 [auto, auto]
Destination 0000.0201.0201 found on con2[WS-C3550-24] (2.2.2.2)
Layer 2 trace completed.
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traceroute mac
This example shows the Layer 2 path when the switch cannot find the destination port for the source
MAC address:
Switch# traceroute mac 0000.0011.1111 0000.0201.0201
Error:Source Mac address not found.
Layer2 trace aborted.
This example shows the Layer 2 path when the source and destination devices are in different VLANs:
Switch# traceroute mac 0000.0201.0601 0000.0301.0201
Error:Source and destination macs are on different vlans.
Layer2 trace aborted.
This example shows the Layer 2 path when the destination MAC address is a multicast address:
Switch# traceroute mac 0000.0201.0601 0100.0201.0201
Invalid destination mac address
This example shows the Layer 2 path when source and destination switches belong to multiple VLANs:
Switch# traceroute mac 0000.0201.0601 0000.0201.0201
Error:Mac found on multiple vlans.
Layer2 trace aborted.
Related Commands
Command
Description
traceroute mac ip
Displays the Layer 2 path taken by the packets from the specified source IP
address or hostname to the specified destination IP address or hostname.
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traceroute mac ip
traceroute mac ip
To display the Layer 2 path taken by the packets from the specified source IP address or hostname to the
specified destination IP address or hostname, use the traceroute mac ip command in privileged EXEC
mode.
traceroute mac ip {source-ip-address | source-hostname} {destination-ip-address |
destination-hostname} [detail]
Syntax Description
source-ip-address
Specifies the IP address of the source switch as a 32-bit quantity in
dotted-decimal format.
destination-ip-address
Specifies the IP address of the destination switch as a 32-bit quantity in
dotted-decimal format.
source-hostname
Specifies the IP hostname of the source switch.
destination-hostname
Specifies the IP hostname of the destination switch.
detail
(Optional) Specifies that detailed information appears.
Defaults
There is no default.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
For Layer 2 traceroute to function properly, Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) must be enabled on all the
switches in the network. Do not disable CDP.
When the switch detects an device in the Layer 2 path that does not support Layer 2 traceroute, the switch
continues to send Layer 2 trace queries and lets them time out.
The maximum number of hops identified in the path is ten.
The traceroute mac ip command output shows the Layer 2 path when the specified source and
destination IP addresses are in the same subnet. When you specify the IP addresses, the switch uses
Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) to associate the IP addresses with the corresponding MAC addresses
and the VLAN IDs.
•
If an ARP entry exists for the specified IP address, the switch uses the associated MAC address and
identifies the physical path.
•
If an ARP entry does not exist, the switch sends an ARP query and tries to resolve the IP address.
The IP addresses must be in the same subnet. If the IP address is not resolved, the path is not
identified, and an error message appears.
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traceroute mac ip
The Layer 2 traceroute feature is not supported when multiple devices are attached to one port through
hubs (for example, multiple CDP neighbors are detected on a port). When more than one CDP neighbor
is detected on a port, the Layer 2 path is not identified, and an error message appears.
This feature is not supported in Token Ring VLANs.
Examples
This example shows how to display the Layer 2 path by specifying the source and destination IP
addresses and by using the detail keyword:
Switch# traceroute mac ip 2.2.66.66 2.2.22.22 detail
Translating IP to mac .....
2.2.66.66 => 0000.0201.0601
2.2.22.22 => 0000.0201.0201
Source 0000.0201.0601 found on con6[WS-C2950G-24-EI] (2.2.6.6)
con6 / ME-3400-24TS-/ 2.2.6.6 :
Gi0/1 [auto, auto] => Gi0/3 [auto, auto]
con5 / WS-C2950G-24-EI / 2.2.5.5 :
Fa0/3 [auto, auto] => Gi0/1 [auto, auto]
con1 / WS-C3550-12G / 2.2.1.1 :
Gi0/1 [auto, auto] => Gi0/2 [auto, auto]
con2 / WS-C3550-24 / 2.2.2.2 :
Gi0/2 [auto, auto] => Fa0/1 [auto, auto]
Destination 0000.0201.0201 found on con2[WS-C3550-24] (2.2.2.2)
Layer 2 trace completed.
This example shows how to display the Layer 2 path by specifying the source and destination hostnames:
Switch# traceroute mac ip con6 con2
Translating IP to mac .....
2.2.66.66 => 0000.0201.0601
2.2.22.22 => 0000.0201.0201
Source 0000.0201.0601 found on con6
con6 (2.2.6.6) :Gi0/1 => Gi0/3
con5
(2.2.5.5
) :
con1
(2.2.1.1
) :
con2
(2.2.2.2
) :
Destination 0000.0201.0201 found on con2
Layer 2 trace completed
Gi0/3 => Gi0/1
Gi0/1 => Gi0/2
Gi0/2 => Fa0/1
This example shows the Layer 2 path when ARP cannot associate the source IP address with the
corresponding MAC address:
Switch# traceroute mac ip 2.2.66.66 2.2.77.77
Arp failed for destination 2.2.77.77.
Layer2 trace aborted.
Related Commands
Command
Description
shutdown
Displays the Layer 2 path taken by the packets from the specified source MAC
address to the specified destination MAC address.
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udld
udld
To enable aggressive or normal mode in the UniDirectional Link Detection (UDLD) and to set the
configurable message timer, use the udld command in global configuration mode. To disable aggressive
or normal mode UDLD on all fiber-optic ports, use the no form of the command.
udld {aggressive | enable | message time message-timer-interval}
no udld {aggressive | enable | message}
Syntax Description
Defaults
aggressive
Enables UDLD in aggressive mode on all fiber-optic interfaces.
enable
Enables UDLD in normal mode on all fiber-optic interfaces.
message time
message-timer-interval
Configures the period of time between UDLD probe messages on ports that
are in the advertisement phase and are determined to be bidirectional. The
range is 7 to 90 seconds.
UDLD is disabled on all interfaces.
The message timer is set at 60 seconds.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
UDLD supports two modes of operation: normal (the default) and aggressive. In normal mode, UDLD
detects unidirectional links due to misconnected interfaces on fiber-optic connections. In aggressive
mode, UDLD also detects unidirectional links due to one-way traffic on fiber-optic and twisted-pair links
and due to misconnected interfaces on fiber-optic links. For information about normal and aggressive
modes, see the “Understanding UDLD” section in the software configuration guide for this release.
If you change the message time between probe packets, you are making a trade-off between the detection
speed and the CPU load. By decreasing the time, you can make the detection-response faster but increase
the load on the CPU.
This command affects fiber-optic interfaces only. Use the udld interface configuration command to
enable UDLD on other interface types.
You can use these commands to reset an interface shut down by UDLD:
•
The udld reset privileged EXEC command to reset all interfaces shut down by UDLD
•
The shutdown and no shutdown interface configuration commands
•
The no udld enable global configuration command followed by the udld {aggressive | enable}
global configuration command to re-enable UDLD globally
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udld
•
The no udld port interface configuration command followed by the udld port or udld port
aggressive interface configuration command to re-enable UDLD on the specified interface
•
The errdisable recovery cause udld and errdisable recovery interval interval global
configuration commands to automatically recover from the UDLD error-disabled state
You can verify your setting by entering the show udld privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to enable UDLD on all fiber-optic interfaces:
Switch(config)# udld enable
Related Commands
Command
Description
show udld
Displays UDLD administrative and operational status for all ports
or the specified port.
udld port
Enables UDLD on an individual interface or prevents a fiber-optic
interface from being enabled by the udld global configuration
command.
udld reset
Resets all interfaces shut down by UDLD and permits traffic to
again pass through.
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udld port
udld port
To enable the UniDirectional Link Detection (UDLD) on an individual interface or prevent a fiber-optic
interface from being enabled by the udld global configuration command, use the udld port command in
interface configuration mode. To return to the udld global configuration command setting or to disable
UDLD if entered for a nonfiber-optic port, use the no form of this command.
udld port [aggressive | disable]
no udld port [aggressive | disable]
Syntax Description
Defaults
aggressive
Enables UDLD in aggressive mode on the specified interface.
disable
Disables UDLD on this interface despite the global UDLD setting.
On fiber-optic interfaces, UDLD is not enabled, not in aggressive mode, and not disabled. For this
reason, fiber-optic interfaces enable UDLD according to the state of the udld enable or udld aggressive
global configuration command.
On nonfiber-optic interfaces, UDLD is disabled.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
A UDLD-capable port cannot detect a unidirectional link if it is connected to a UDLD-incapable port of
another switch. If the port is a user network interface (UNI) or enhanced network interface (ENI), you
must use the no shutdown interface configuration command to enable it before using the udld port
command. UNIs and ENIs are disabled by default. Network node interfaces (NNIs) are enabled by
default.
UDLD supports two modes of operation: normal (the default) and aggressive. In normal mode, UDLD
detects unidirectional links due to misconnected interfaces on fiber-optic connections. In aggressive
mode, UDLD also detects unidirectional links due to one-way traffic on fiber-optic and twisted-pair links
and due to misconnected interfaces on fiber-optic links. For information about normal and aggressive
modes, see the “Configuring UDLD” chapter in the software configuration guide for this release.
To enable UDLD in normal mode, use the udld port interface configuration command. To enable UDLD
in aggressive mode, use the udld port aggressive interface configuration command.
Use the no udld port command on fiber-optic ports to return control of UDLD to the udld enable global
configuration command or to disable UDLD on nonfiber-optic ports.
Use the udld port aggressive command on fiber-optic ports to override the setting of the udld enable
or udld aggressive global configuration command. Use the no form on fiber-optic ports to remove this
setting and to return control of UDLD enabling to the udld global configuration command or to disable
UDLD on nonfiber-optic ports.
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udld port
For UDLD to peer with a neighbor on a port that has an Ethernet Virtual Connection (EVC) EFP service
instance configured, you need to enter the l2 protocol peer udld service-instance configuration
command on the service instance.
If the switch software detects a small form-factor pluggable (SFP) module change and the port changes
from fiber optic to nonfiber optic or the reverse, all configurations are maintained.
You can use these commands to reset an interface shut down by UDLD:
•
The udld reset privileged EXEC command to reset all interfaces shut down by UDLD.
•
The shutdown and no shutdown interface configuration commands.
•
The no udld enable global configuration command followed by the udld {aggressive | enable}
global configuration command to re-enable UDLD globally.
•
The no udld port interface configuration command followed by the udld port or udld port
aggressive interface configuration command to re-enable UDLD on the specified interface.
•
The errdisable recovery cause udld and errdisable recovery interval interval global
configuration commands to automatically recover from the UDLD error-disabled state.
You can verify your settings by entering the show running-config or the show udld interface privileged
EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to enable UDLD on an port:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# udld port
This example shows how to configure UDLD peering on an EFP service instance:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# udld port
Switch(config-if)# switchport mode trunk
Switch(config-if)# switchport trunk allowed vlan none
Switch(config-if)# service instance 1 Ethernet
Switch(config-if-srv)# encapsulation untagged
Switch(config-if-srv)# l2protocol peer udld
Switch(config-if-srv)# bridge-domain 10
Switch(config-if-srv)# end
This example shows how to disable UDLD on a fiber-optic interface despite the setting of the udld
global configuration command:
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1
Switch(config-if)# no udld port
Related Commands
Command
Description
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
show udld
Displays UDLD administrative and operational status for all ports or
the specified port.
udld
Enables aggressive or normal mode in UDLD or sets the configurable
message timer time.
udld reset
Resets all interfaces shut down by UDLD and permits traffic to again
pass through.
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udld reset
udld reset
To reset all interfaces disabled by the UniDirectional Link Detection (UDLD) and permit traffic to begin
passing through them again, use the udld reset command in privileged EXEC mode. Other enabled
features, such as spanning tree and Port Aggregation Protocol (PAgP), still have their normal effects.
udld reset
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
If the interface configuration is still enabled for UDLD, these ports begin to run UDLD again and are
disabled for the same reason if the problem has not been corrected.
You can verify your setting by entering the show udld privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to reset all interfaces disabled by UDLD:
Switch# udld reset
1 ports shutdown by UDLD were reset.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show running-config
Displays the operating configuration.
show udld
Displays UDLD administrative and operational status for all ports or
the specified port.
udld
Enables aggressive or normal mode in UDLD or sets the configurable
message timer time.
udld port
Enables UDLD on an individual interface or prevents a fiber-optic
interface from being enabled by the udld global configuration
command.
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uni count
uni count
To set the user-network interface (UNI) count for an Ethernet virtual connection (EVC), use the uni
count command in EVC configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the no form of this
command.
uni count value [multipoint]
no uni count
Syntax Description
value
Sets the number of UNIs in the EVC. The range is from 2 to 1024. The default is
2.
multipoint
(Optional) Selects point-to-multipoint service. This keyword is visible only
when you enter a uni count value of 2.
•
If you do not enter a value or if you enter 1 or 2, the service defaults to
point-to-point service. If you enter 2, you can configure point-to-multipoint
service.
•
If you enter a uni count value of 3 or greater, the service is
point-to-multipoint.
Defaults
The default UNI count is 2. The default service, if you do not enter a UNI count, is point-to-multipoint.
Command Modes
EVC configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The UNI count determines the type of service in the EVC.
•
If the command is not entered, the UNI count defaults to 2 and the service defaults to point-to-point
service.
•
If you manually enter a value of 2, you can leave the service at the default or can configure
point-to-multipoint service by entering the multipoint keyword.
•
If you enter a value of 3 or greater, the service is point-to-multipoint.
You should know the correct number of maintenance end points (MEPs) in the domain. If you enter a
UNI count value greater than the actual number of endpoints, the UNI status shows as partially active
even if all endpoints are up. If you enter a UNI count less than the actual number of endpoints, UNI status
shows as active, even if all endpoints are not up.
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uni count
Caution
Examples
Configuring a UNI count does not prevent you from configuring more endpoints than the configured
count. For example, if you configure a UNI count of five, but you create ten MEPs, any five MEPs in the
domain can go down without the status changing to Partially Active.
This example shows how to a UNI count of two with point-to-multipoint service:
Switch(config)# ethernet evc test1
Switch(config-evc)# uni count 2 multipoint
Related Commands
Command
Description
ethernet evc evc-id
Defines an EVC and enters EVC configuration mode.
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uni-vlan
uni-vlan
To configure a VLAN as a user network interface (UNI) community or isolated VLAN, use the uni-vlan
command in VLAN configuration mode. UNIs on a switch that are assigned to a community VLAN can
exchange packets with one another.
uni-vlan {community | isolated}
no uni-vlan
Note
Syntax Description
This command has no effect on the switch. All ports on the switch are network node interfaces (NNIs),
which can always exchange packets with one another.
community
Designate the UNI-ENI VLAN as a community VLAN.
isolated
Designate the UNI-ENI VLAN as an isolated VLAN.
Defaults
The default VLAN configuration is UNI-ENI isolated VLAN.
Command Modes
VLAN configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
This command has no effect on the switch because all ports on the switch are NNIs.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show interfaces status
Displays the status of interfaces, including the VLANs to which they
belong.
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violate-action
violate-action
To set actions for a policy-map class for packets that exceed the peak information rate (PIR), use the
violate-action command in policy-map class police configuration mode. To cancel the action or to return
to the default action, use the no form of this command.
violate-action {drop | set-cos-transmit new cos-value | set-discard-class-transmit new
discard-value | set-dscp-transmit new dscp-value | set-mpls-exp-imposition-transmit
new-imposition-exp-value | set-mpls-exp-topmost transmit new-topmost-exp-value |
set-prec-transmit value new prec-value | set-qos-transmit value new qos-value| transmit}
no violate-action {drop | set-cos-transmit new cos-value | set-discard-class-transmit new
discard-value | set-dscp-transmit new dscp-value | set-mpls-exp-imposition-transmit
new-imposition-exp-value | set-mpls-exp-topmost transmit new-topmost-exp-value |
set-prec-transmit value new prec-value | set-qos-transmit value new qos-value| transmit}
Syntax Description
drop
Drops the packet.
set-cos-transmit
new-cos-value
Sets a new class of service (CoS) value for the packet and send the
packet. The range for the new CoS value is 0 to 7.
set-discard-class-transmit Sets a new discard-class value for the packet and send the packet. The
new discard-value
range for the value is 0 to 7.
set-dscp-transmit
new-dscp-value
Sets a new Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) value for the
packet and send the packet. The range for the new DCSP value is 0 to 63.
set-mpls-exp-imposition
transmit
new-imposition-exp-value
Sets an MPLS label using the new MPLS EXP value at tag imposition,
and send the packet. The range is 0 to 7.
set-mpls-exp-topmost
transmit
new-topmost-exp-value
Sets an MPLS label using the new MPLS EXP value for the topmost
(outer) MPLS label, and send the packet. The range is 0 to 7.
set-prec-transmit
new-precedence-value
Sets a new IP precedence value for the packet and send the packet. The
range for the new IP precedence value is 0 to 7.
set-qos-transmit
qos-group-value
Sets a new quality of service (QoS) group value for the packet and send
the packet. The range for the new QoS value is 0 to 99.
transmit
(Optional) Sends the packet unmodified.
Defaults
The default action is to drop the packet.
Command Modes
Policy-map class police configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
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violate-action
Usage Guidelines
You configure violate actions for packets that exceed the peak information rate (PIR).
The switch also supports marking multiple QoS parameters for the same class and simultaneously
configuring conform-action, exceed action, and violate-action marking.
Access policy-map class police configuration mode by entering the police policy-map class command.
See the police command for more information.
You can use this command to set one or more violate actions for a traffic class.
For both individual and aggregate policers, if you do not configure a violate action, by default the violate
class is assigned the same action as the exceed action.
You can verify your settings by entering the show policy-map privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how configure multiple actions in a policy map that sets a committed information
rate of 5000000 bits per second (b/s) and a peak rate of 8000000 b/s:
Switch(config)# policy-map map1
Switch(config-pmap)# class class1
Switch(config-pmap-c)# police cir 5000000 pir 8000000
Switch(config-pmap-c-police)# conform-action transmit
Switch(config-pmap-c-police)# exceed-action set-dscp-transmit 24
Switch(config-pmap-c-police)# violate-action drop
Switch(config-pmap-c-police)# end
Related Commands
Command
Description
class
Defines a traffic classification match criteria for the specified
class-map name.
conform-action
Defines the action to take on traffic that conforms to the CIR.
exceed-action
Defines the action to take on traffic between the conform rate and
the conform rate plus the exceed burst.
police
Defines a policer for classified traffic.
policy-map
Creates or modifies a policy map that can be attached to multiple
ports to specify a service policy.
show policy-map
Displays quality of service (QoS) policy maps.
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vlan
vlan
To create a VLAN and to enter VLAN configuration mode, use the vlan command with a VLAN ID in
global configuration mode. To delete the VLAN, use the no form of this command. Configuration
information for normal-range VLANs (VLAN IDs 1 to 1005) is always saved in the VLAN database as
well as in the switch running configuration file. Configuration information for extended-range VLANs
(VLAN IDs greater than 1005), are saved only in the switch running configuration file. You can save
configurations in the switch startup configuration file by entering the copy running-config
startup-config privileged EXEC command.
vlan vlan-id
no vlan vlan-id
Syntax Description
vlan-id
Defaults
This command has no default settings.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
ID of the VLAN to be added and configured. For vlan-id, the range is 1 to 4094. You
can enter a single VLAN ID, a series of VLAN IDs separated by commas, or a range
of VLAN IDs separated by hyphens.
Extended-range VLANs (VLAN IDs 1006 to 4094) are not added to the VLAN database, but all VLAN
configurations are saved in the running configuration, and you can save them in the switch startup
configuration file.
Entering the vlan command with a VLAN ID enables VLAN configuration mode. If you enter an invalid
VLAN ID, you receive an error message and do not enter VLAN configuration mode.
When you enter the VLAN ID of an existing VLAN, you do not create a new VLAN, but you can modify
VLAN parameters for that VLAN. The specified VLANs are added or modified when you exit VLAN
configuration mode. Only the shutdown command (for VLANs 1 to 1005) takes effect immediately.
These configuration commands are available in VLAN configuration mode. The no form of each
command returns the characteristic to its default state.
Note
Although all commands are visible, the only VLAN configuration command that is supported on
extended-range VLANs is mtu mtu-size. For extended-range VLANs, all other characteristics must
remain at the default state.
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vlan
Note
The switch supports only Ethernet VLANs. You can configure parameters for FDDI and Token Ring
VLANs and view the results in the vlan.dat file, but these parameters are not used.
•
are are-number: defines the maximum number of all-routes explorer (ARE) hops for TrCRF
VLANs. The range is 0 to 13. The default is 7.
•
backupcrf {enable | disable}: specifies the backup CRF mode for TrCRF VLANs.
•
bridge {bridge-number| type}: specifies the logical distributed source-routing bridge, the bridge
that interconnects all logical rings having this VLAN as a parent VLAN in FDDI-NET, Token
Ring-NET, and TrBRF VLANs. The range is 0 to 15. The default bridge number is 0.
•
exit: applies changes, increments the VLAN database revision number (VLANs 1 to 1005 only), and
exits VLAN configuration mode.
•
media: defines the VLAN media type.
– ethernet is Ethernet media type (the default).
– fddi is FDDI media type.
– fd-net is FDDI network entity title (NET) media type.
– tokenring is Token Ring media type or TrCRF.
– tr-net is Token Ring network entity title (NET) media type or TrBRF media type.
•
mtu mtu-size: specifies the maximum transmission unit (MTU) (packet size in bytes). The range is
1500 to 18190. The default is 1500 bytes.
•
name vlan-name: names the VLAN with an ASCII string from 1 to 32 characters that must be unique
within the administrative domain. The default is VLANxxxx where xxxx represents four numeric
digits (including leading zeros) equal to the VLAN ID number.
•
no: negates a command or returns it to the default setting.
•
parent parent-vlan-id: specifies the parent VLAN of an existing FDDI, Token Ring, or TrCRF
VLAN. The range is 0 to 1005. The default parent VLAN ID is 0 (no parent VLAN).
•
ring ring-number: defines the logical ring for an FDDI, Token Ring, or TrCRF VLAN. The range is
1 to 4095.
•
said said-value: specifies the security association identifier (SAID) as documented in IEEE 802.10.
The range is 1 to 4294967294, and the number must be unique within the administrative domain.
The default value is 100000 plus the VLAN ID number.
•
shutdown: shuts down VLAN switching on the VLAN. This command takes effect immediately.
Other commands take effect when you exit VLAN configuration mode.
•
state: specifies the VLAN state:
– active means the VLAN is operational (the default).
– suspend means the VLAN is suspended. Suspended VLANs do not pass packets.
•
ste ste-number: defines the maximum number of spanning-tree explorer (STE) hops for TrCRF
VLANs. The range is 0 to 13. The default is 7.
•
stp type: defines the spanning-tree type for FDDI-NET, Token Ring-NET, or TrBRF VLANs.
– ieee for IEEE Ethernet STP running source-route transparent (SRT) bridging.
– ibm for IBM STP running source-route bridging (SRB).
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vlan
– auto for STP running a combination of source-route transparent bridging (IEEE) and
source-route bridging (IBM).
•
tb-vlan1 tb-vlan1-id and tb-vlan2 tb-vlan2-id: specifies the first and second VLAN to which this
VLAN is translationally bridged. Translational VLANs translate FDDI or Token Ring to Ethernet,
for example. The range is 0 to 1005. If no value is specified, 0 (no transitional bridging) is assumed.
You can verify your setting by entering the show vlan privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to add an Ethernet VLAN with default media characteristics. The default
includes a vlan-name of VLANxxx, where xxxx represents four numeric digits (including leading zeros)
equal to the VLAN ID number. The default media option is ethernet; the state option is active. The
default said-value variable is 100000 plus the VLAN ID; the mtu-size variable is 1500; the stp-type
option is ieee. When you enter the exit VLAN configuration command, the VLAN is added if it did not
already exist; otherwise, this command does has no affect.
This example shows how to create a new VLAN with all default characteristics and enter config-vlan
mode:
Switch(config)# vlan 200
Switch(config-vlan)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
show vlan
Displays the parameters for all configured VLANs or one VLAN (if the
VLAN ID or name is specified).
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vlan access-map
vlan access-map
To create or modify a VLAN map entry for VLAN packet filtering and to enter VLAN access-map
configuration mode, use the vlan access-map command in global configuration mode. To delete a
VLAN map entry, use the no form of this command. Use the vlan filter interface configuration command
to apply a VLAN map to one or more VLANs.
vlan access-map name [number]
no vlan access-map name [number]
Syntax Description
name
Name of the VLAN map.
number
(Optional) The sequence number of the map entry that you want to create or modify (0
to 65535). If you are creating a VLAN map and the sequence number is not specified,
it is automatically assigned in increments of 10, starting from 10. This number is the
sequence to insert to, or delete from, a VLAN access-map entry.
Defaults
There are no VLAN map entries and no VLAN maps applied to a VLAN.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
In global configuration mode, use this command to create or modify a VLAN map. This entry changes
the mode to VLAN access-map configuration, where you can use the match access-map configuration
command to specify the access lists for IP or non-IP traffic to match and use the action command to set
whether a match causes the packet to be forwarded or dropped.
In VLAN access-map configuration mode, these commands are available:
•
action: sets the action to be taken (forward or drop).
•
default: sets a command to its defaults
•
exit: exits from VLAN access-map configuration mode
•
match: sets the values to match (IP address or MAC address).
•
no: negates a command or set its defaults
When you do not specify an entry number (sequence number), it is added to the end of the map.
There can be only one VLAN map per VLAN and it is applied as packets are received by a VLAN.
You can use the no vlan access-map name [number] command with a sequence number to delete a single
entry.
In global configuration mode, use the vlan filter interface configuration command to apply the map to
one or more VLANs.
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vlan access-map
Note
Examples
For more information about VLAN map entries, see the software configuration guide for this release.
This example shows how to create a VLAN map named vac1 and apply matching conditions and actions
to it. If no other entries already exist in the map, this will be entry 10.
Switch(config)# vlan access-map vac1
Switch(config-access-map)# match ip address acl1
Switch(config-access-map)# action forward
This example shows how to delete VLAN map vac1:
Switch(config)# no vlan access-map vac1
Related Commands
Command
Description
action
Sets the action for the VLAN access map entry.
match (access-map configuration)
Sets the VLAN map to match packets against one or more access
lists.
show vlan access-map
Displays information about a particular VLAN access map or all
VLAN access maps.
vlan filter
Applies the VLAN access map to one or more VLANs.
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vlan dot1q tag native
vlan dot1q tag native
To enable tagging of native VLAN frames on all IEEE 802.1Q trunk ports, use the vlan dot1q tag native
command in global configuration mode. To return to the default setting, use the no form of this
command.
vlan dot1q tag native
no vlan dot1q tag native
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Defaults
IEEE 802.1Q native VLAN tagging is disabled.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
When enabled, native VLAN packets going out all 802.1Q trunk ports are tagged.
When disabled, native VLAN packets going out all 802.1Q trunk ports are not tagged.
Layer 2 control packets that are normally untagged, such as MSTP and CDP, are still sent out untagged.
Examples
This example shows how to enable 802.1Q tagging on native VLAN frames:
Switch# configure terminal
Switch (config)# vlan dot1q tag native
Switch (config)# end
You can verify your settings by entering the show vlan dot1q tag native privileged EXEC command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show vlan dot1q tag native
Displays 802.1Q native VLAN tagging status.
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vlan filter
vlan filter
To apply a VLAN map to one or more VLANs, use the vlan filter command in global configuration
mode. To remove the map, use the no form of this command.
vlan filter mapname vlan-list {list | all}
no vlan filter mapname vlan-list {list | all}
Syntax Description
mapname
Name of the VLAN map entry.
list
The list of one or more VLANs in the form tt, uu-vv, xx, yy-zz, where spaces
around commas and dashes are optional. The range is 1 to 4094.
all
Removes the filter from all VLANs.
Defaults
There are no VLAN filters.
Command Modes
Global configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
To avoid accidentally dropping too many packets and disabling connectivity in the middle of the
configuration process, we recommend that you completely define the VLAN access map before applying
it to a VLAN.
You can verify your settings by entering the show vlan filter privileged EXEC command.
For more information about VLAN map entries, see the software configuration guide for this release.
Examples
This example applies VLAN map entry map1 to VLANs 20 and 30:
Switch(config)# vlan filter map1 vlan-list 20, 30
This example shows how to delete VLAN map entry mac1 from VLAN 20:
Switch(config)# no vlan filter map1 vlan-list 20
Related Commands
Command
Description
show vlan access-map
Displays information about a particular VLAN access map or all VLAN
access maps.
show vlan filter
Displays information about all VLAN filters or about a particular VLAN
or VLAN access map.
vlan access-map
Creates a VLAN map entry for VLAN packet filtering.
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vpn id
vpn id
To configure the virtual private network (VPN) number for a virtual forwarding infrastructure (VFI)
interface, use the vpn id command in VFI configuration mode. To remove the VPN ID from the VFI, use
the no form of this command.
vpn id vpn-number
no vpn id vpn-number
Syntax Description
vpn-number
Defaults
The VPN ID is not configured.
Command Modes
VFI configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The VPN ID for the VFI interface to use. The range is from 1 to 4294967295.
You create a VFI and enter VFI configuration mode by entering the l2 vfi global configuration command.
You must enter a VPN ID to configure the VFI. Some VFI configuration mode keywords are not visible
until you enter a VPN ID. When you enter a vpn id vpn-number, these additional VFI configuration
commands are available:
•
neighbor remote-peer-IP-address encapsulation mpls: configures the IP address of the remote peer
to become a member of the VPLS configured by the VFI and sets the MPLS encapsulation type.
•
shutdown: shuts down the VFI interface.
The switch supports a total of 26 VPN routing and forwarding instances (VRFs) and VPNs.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show vfi user EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to configure a VPLS (VFI abc) on a provider edge (PE) switch and assign it to
VPN 123:
Switch(config)# l2 vfi abc manual
Switch(config-vfi)# vpn id 123
Switch(config-vfi)# neighbor 20.0.0.1 encapsulation mpls
Switch(config-vfi)# exit
Related Commands
Command
Description
l2 vfi
Creates a VFI and enters VFI configuration mode.
show vfi
Displays information about a VFI.
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xconnect
xconnect
to route a Layer 2 packets over a specified point-to-point VC by using Ethernet over multiprotocol label
switching (EoMPLS), use the xconnect command in interface configuration mode at customer-edge or
service provider-edge ingress and egress Ethernet ports or on VLAN interfaces with a destination and
virtual-connection (VC) ID. You can also bind the VC to a pseudowire. To route Layer 2 packets over a
hierarchical virtual private LAN switching (H-VPLS) VFI between the edge devices, use the command
with a virtual forwarding infrastructure (VFI) name. To delete the VC or VFI connection, use the no form
of this command on both edge devices.
xconnect destination vc-id {encapsuluation mpls [pw-class pw-class-name]}
no xconnect
Syntax Description
Defaults
destination
The destination label distribution protocol (LDP) IP address of the remote
provider edge device. The IP address cannot be an IP address on the route on
which the command is entered.
vc-id
Assigns a virtual connection identifier (VC ID) for the virtual connection
between the two peer provider edge devices. The range is 1 to 4294967295.
encapsuluation
mpls
Specifies the MPLS data encapsulation method.
pw-class
pw-class-name
(Optional) Specifies the pseudowire class for advanced configuration.
There are no point-to-point connections configured.
When configured, the attachment circuit is not bound to the pseudowire.
Command Modes
Interface configuration
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
An MPLS VC runs across an MPLS cloud to connect Ethernet interfaces on two provider edge devices
at each edge of the service provider network. You must enter the command at the PE device at each edge
of the service provider network to establish a bidirectional virtual connection, which consists of two
unidirectional label-switched paths (LSPs). A VC is not established if not properly defined from both
ends.
For the destination parameter, specify the LDP IP address of the other PE device; do not specify the IP
address of the device on which you are entering the command.
The vc-id must be unique for each pair of provider edge devices. Therefore, in large networks, you
should keep track of the VC ID assignments to ensure that a VC ID is not assigned more than once.
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xconnect
For H-VPLS, you create the VFI and enter VFI configuration mode by entering the l2 vfi vfi-name global
configuration command.
You can attach a VFI to a VLAN or to multiple Ethernet ports. The switch does not allow switching
VLAN and port interfaces through the same VFI.
The pw-class keyword with the pw-class-name value binds the xconnect configuration of an attachment
circuit to a specific pseudowire class. In this way, the pseudowire class configuration serves as a template
that contains settings used by all attachment circuits bound to it with the xconnect command.
To configure the pseudowire class, use the pseudowire-class global configuration command to enter
pseudo-wire class configuration mode. See the IOS documentation for this command.
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/mpls/command/reference/mp_m4.html#wp1015442
The switch supports only the encapsulation mpls and preferred-path options in pseudo-wire
configuration mode.
You can verify the configuration by entering the show mplsl2 transport vc privileged EXEC command.
Examples
This example shows how to establish an Ethernet over MPLS (EoMPLS) tunnel between the PE1 VLAN
3 interface and the PE2 VLAN 4 interface. PE1 has IP address 10.0.0.1/32 that PE2 discovers through
routing and PE2 has IP address 20.0.0.1/32 that PE1 discovers through routing.
At the PE1 interface:
Switch(config)# interface vlan 3
Switch(config-if)# xconnect 20.0.0.1 123 encapsulation mpls
At the PE2 interface:
Switch(config)# interface vlan 4
Switch(config-if)# xconnect 10.0.0.1 123 encapsulation mpls
This example shows how to configure a pseudowire class named vc-class and then configure xconnect
service for an interface by binding the interface to the pseudowire named 123 with a remote peer
10.0.3.201. The configuration uses the settings in the pseudowire class.
Switch (config)# pseudowire-class vc-class
Switch (config-pw-class)# encapsulation mpls
Switch (config-pw-class)# preferred-path interface tunnel 100
Switch (config-pw-class)# exit
Switch(config)# interface Gigabit Ethernet 1/0/1
Switch(config-if)# xconnect 10.0.3.201 123 pw-class vc-class
This example shows how to create VFI abc and attach it to a VLAN interface. You need to configure the
PE devices at both edges of the MPLS network this way:
Switch(config)# l2 vfi abc manual
Switch(config-vfi)# vpn id 123
Switch(config-vfi)# neighbor 10.0.0.1 encapsulation mpls
Switch(config-vfi)# exit
Switch(config)# interface vlan 4
Switch(config-if)# xconnect vfi abc encapsulation mpls
Related Commands
Command
Description
l2 vfi
Configures a VFI for implementing VPLS over an MPLS backbone.
show mpls l2transport vc
Displays information about the EoMPLS VCs that have been enabled to
route Layer 2 packets on a device.
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xconnect
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A
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch
Boot Loader Commands
This appendix describes the boot loader commands on the Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X switch.
During normal boot loader operation, you are not presented with the boot loader command-line prompt.
You gain access to the boot loader command line if the switch is set to manually boot, if an error occurs
during power-on self-test (POST) DRAM testing, or if an error occurs while loading the operating
system (a corrupted Cisco IOS image). You can also access the boot loader if you have lost or forgotten
the switch password.
Note
The default switch configuration allows an end user with physical access to the switch to recover from
a lost password by interrupting the boot process while the switch is powering up and then entering a new
password. The password recovery disable feature allows the system administrator to protect access to
the switch password by disabling part of this functionality and allowing the user to interrupt the boot
process only by agreeing to set the system back to the default configuration. With password recovery
disabled, the user can still interrupt the boot process and change the password, but the configuration file
(config.text) and the VLAN database file (vlan.dat) are deleted. For more information, see the software
configuration guide for this release.
You can access the boot loader through a switch console connection at 9600 bps. Disconnect and then
reconnect the switch power cord. After the switch performs POST, the switch begins the autoboot
process. The boot loader prompts the user for a break key character during the boot-up sequence, as
shown in this example:
***** The system will autoboot in 5 seconds *****
Send “break character” to prevent autobooting.
The break key character is different for each operating system.
•
On a SUN work station running UNIX, Ctrl-C is the break key.
•
On a PC running Windows 2000, Ctrl-Break is the break key.
Cisco TAC has tabulated break keys for most common operating systems and has provided an alternative
break key sequence for terminal emulators that do not support the break keys. To view this table, see:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/customer/products/hw/routers/ps133/products_tech_note09186a0080174a34.shtml
When you enter the break key, the boot loader switch: prompt appears.
The boot loader performs low-level CPU initialization, performs POST, and loads a default operating
system image into memory.
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arp
arp
To display the contents the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) table, use the arp command in boot
loader mode.
arp [ip_address]
Syntax Description
ip_address
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
(Optional) Show the ARP table or the mapping for a specific IP address.
Usage Guidelines
The ARP table has the IP-address-to-MAC-address mappings.
Examples
This example shows how to display the ARP table:
switch: arp 172.20.136.8
arp'ing 172.20.136.8...
172.20.136.8 is at 00:1b:78:d1:25:ae, via port 0
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boot
boot
To load and boot an executable image and to enter the command-line interface, use the boot command
in boot loader mode.
boot [-post | -n | -p | flag] filesystem:/file-url ...
Syntax Description
-post
(Optional) Runs the loaded image with an extended or comprehensive power-on
self-test (POST). Using this keyword causes POST to take longer to complete.
-n
(Optional) Pauses for the Cisco IOS debugger immediately after launching.
-p
(Optional) Pauses for the JTAG debugger right after loading the image.
filesystem:
Alias for a flash file system. Use flash: for the system board flash device.
/file-url
(Optional) Path (directory) and name of a bootable image. Separate image names
with a semicolon.
Defaults
The switch attempts to automatically boot the system by using information in the BOOT environment
variable. If this variable is not set, the switch attempts to load and execute the first executable image it
can by performing a recursive, depth-first search throughout the flash file system. In a depth-first search
of a directory, each encountered subdirectory is completely searched before continuing the search in the
original directory.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
When you enter the boot command without any arguments, the switch attempts to automatically boot
the system by using the information in the BOOT environment variable, if any. If you supply an image
name for the file-url variable, the boot command attempts to boot the specified image.
When you set boot loader boot command options, they are executed immediately and apply only to the
current boot loader session. These settings are not saved for the next boot operation.
Filenames and directory names are case sensitive.
Examples
This example shows how to boot the switch using the new-image.bin image:
switch: boot flash:/new-images/new-image.bin
After entering this command, you are prompted to start the setup program.
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Boot Loader Commands
boot
Related Commands
Command
Description
set
Sets the BOOT environment variable to boot a specific image when the
BOOT keyword is appended to the command.
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cat
cat
To display the contents of one or more files, use the cat command in boot loader mode.
cat filesystem:/file-url ...
Syntax Description
filesystem:
Alias for a flash file system. Use flash: for the system board flash device.
/file-url
Path (directory) and name of the files to display. Separate each filename with a space.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Filenames and directory names are case sensitive.
If you specify a list of files, the contents of each file appears sequentially.
Examples
This example shows how to display the contents of two files:
switch: cat flash:/new-images/info flash:env_vars
version_suffix: image-name
version_directory: image-name
image_name: image-name.bin
ios_image_file_size: 63984644
total_image_file_size: 8133632
image_feature: IP|LAYER_3|PLUS|MIN_DRAM_MEG=128
image_family: me340x
info_end:
BAUD=57600
MANUAL_BOOT=no
Related Commands
Command
Description
more
Displays the contents of one or more files.
type
Displays the contents of one or more files.
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Boot Loader Commands
copy
copy
To copy a file from a source to a destination, use the copy command in boot loader mode.
copy [-b block-size] filesystem:/source-file-url filesystem:/destination-file-url
Syntax Description
-b block-size
(Optional) This option is used only for internal development and testing.
filesystem:
Alias for a flash file system. Use flash: for the system board flash device.
/source-file-url
Path (directory) and filename (source) to be copied.
/destination-file-url
Path (directory) and filename of the destination.
Defaults
The default block size is 4 KB.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Filenames and directory names are case sensitive.
Directory names are limited to 45 characters between the slashes (/); the name cannot contain control
characters, spaces, deletes, slashes, quotes, semicolons, or colons.
Filenames are limited to 45 characters; the name cannot contain control characters, spaces, deletes,
slashes, quotes, semicolons, or colons.
If you are copying a file to a new directory, the directory must already exist.
Examples
This example show how to copy a file at the root:
switch: copy flash:test1.text flash:test4.text
.
File "flash:test1.text" successfully copied to "flash:test4.text"
You can verify that the file was copied by entering the dir filesystem: boot loader command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
delete
Deletes one or more files from the specified file system.
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delete
delete
To delete one or more files from the specified file system, use the delete command in boot loader mode.
delete filesystem:/file-url ...
Syntax Description
filesystem:
Alias for a flash file system. Use flash: for the system board flash device.
/file-url
Path (directory) and filename to delete. Separate each filename with a space.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Filenames and directory names are case sensitive.
The switch prompts you for confirmation before deleting each file.
Examples
This example shows how to delete two files:
switch: delete flash:test2.text flash:test5.text
Are you sure you want to delete "flash:test2.text" (y/n)?y
File "flash:test2.text" deleted
Are you sure you want to delete "flash:test5.text" (y/n)?y
File "flash:test2.text" deleted
You can verify that the files were deleted by entering the dir flash: boot loader command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
copy
Copies a file from a source to a destination.
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Boot Loader Commands
dir
dir
To display a list of files and directories on the specified file system, use the dir command in boot loader
mode.
dir filesystem:/file-url ...
Syntax Description
filesystem:
Alias for a flash file system. Use flash: for the system board flash device.
/file-url
(Optional) Path (directory) and directory name whose contents you want to
display. Separate each directory name with a space.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Directory names are case sensitive.
Examples
This example shows how to display the files in flash memory:
switch: dir flash:
Directory of flash:/
3
11
21
9
16
14
22
17
-rwx
-rwx
-rwx
drwx
-rwx
-rwx
-rwx
drwx
1839
1140
26
768
1037
1099
96
192
Mar
Mar
Mar
Mar
Mar
Mar
Mar
Mar
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
06
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
00:48:15
04:18:48
00:01:39
23:11:42
00:01:11
01:14:05
00:01:39
23:22:03
config.text
vlan.dat
env_vars
html
config.text
homepage.htm
system_env_vars
image-name
15998976 bytes total (6397440 bytes free)
Table A-1 describes the fields in the display.
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dir
Table A-1
Related Commands
dir Field Descriptions
Field
Description
2
Index number of the file.
-rwx
File permission, which can be any or all of these:
•
d—directory
•
r—readable
•
w—writable
•
x—executable
1644045
Size of the file.
<date>
Last modification date.
env_vars
Filename.
Command
Description
mkdir
Creates one or more directories.
rmdir
Removes one or more directories.
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flash_init
flash_init
To initialize the flash file system, use the flash_init command in boot loader mode.
flash_init
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Defaults
The flash file system is automatically initialized during normal system operation.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
During the normal boot process, the flash file system is automatically initialized.
Use this command to manually initialize the flash file system. For example, you use this command
during the recovery procedure for a lost or forgotten password.
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format
format
To format the specified file system and destroy all data in that file system, use the format command in
boot loader mode.
format filesystem:
Syntax Description
filesystem:
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Alias for a flash file system. Use flash: for the system board flash device.
Usage Guidelines
Caution
Use this command with care; it destroys all data on the file system and renders your system unusable.
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Boot Loader Commands
fsck
fsck
To check the file system for consistency, use the fsck command in boot loader mode.
fsck [-test | -f] filesystem:
Syntax Description
-test
(Optional) Initializes the file system code and perform extra POST on flash memory.
An extensive, nondestructive memory test is performed on every byte that makes up
the file system.
-f
(Optional) Initializes the file system code and perform a fast file consistency check.
Cyclic redundancy checks (CRCs) in the flashfs sectors are not checked.
filesystem:
Alias for a flash file system. Use flash: for the system board flash device.
Defaults
No file system check is performed.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
To stop an in-progress file system consistency check, disconnect the switch power and then reconnect
the power.
Examples
This example shows how to perform an extensive file system check on flash memory:
switch: fsck -test flash:
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help
help
To display the available commands, use the help command in boot loader mode.
help
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
You can also use the question mark (?) to display a list of available boot loader commands.
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memory
memory
To display memory heap utilization information, use the memory command in boot loader mode.
memory
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Examples
This example shows how to display memory heap utilization information:
switch:
Text:
Rotext:
Data:
Bss:
Heap:
memory
0x00700000
0x00000000
0x0071cf24
0x0072529c
0x00756f98
-
0x0071cf24
0x00000000
0x00723a0c
0x00746f94
0x00800000
(0x0001cf24
(0x00000000
(0x00006ae8
(0x00021cf8
(0x000a9068
bytes)
bytes)
bytes)
bytes)
bytes)
Bottom heap utilization is 22 percent.
Top heap utilization is 0 percent.
Total heap utilization is 22 percent.
Total bytes: 0xa9068 (692328)
Bytes used: 0x26888 (157832)
Bytes available: 0x827e0 (534496)
Alternate heap utilization is 0 percent.
Total alternate heap bytes: 0x6fd000 (7327744)
Alternate heap bytes used: 0x0 (0)
Alternate heap bytes available: 0x6fd000 (7327744)
Table A-2 describes the fields in the display.
Table A-2
memory Field Descriptions
Field
Description
Text
Beginning and ending address of the text storage area.
Rotext
Beginning and ending address of the read-only text storage area. This part of the data
segment is grouped with the Text entry.
Data
Beginning and ending address of the data segment storage area.
Bss
Beginning and ending address of the block started by symbol (Bss) storage area. It
is initialized to zero.
Heap
Beginning and ending address of the area in memory that memory is dynamically
allocated to and freed from.
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Boot Loader Commands
mgmt_clr
mgmt_clr
To clear the Ethernet management port statistics, use the mgmt_clr command in boot loader mode.
mgmt_clr
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Examples
This example shows how to clear the Ethernet management port statistics:
switch: mgmt_clr
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Boot Loader Commands
mgmt_init
mgmt_init
To initialize the Ethernet management port, use the mgmt_init command in boot loader mode.
mgmt_init
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Examples
Use the mgmt_init command only during debugging of the Ethernet management port.
This example shows how to initialize the Ethernet management port:
switch: mgmt_init
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mgmt_show
mgmt_show
To display the Ethernet management port statistics, use the mgmt_show command in boot loader mode.
mgmt_show
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Examples
This example shows how to display the Ethernet management port statistics:
switch: mgmt_show
Statistics
Received
Transmitted
--------------------------------------------------good frame bytes
:
60
120
good frames
:
1
2
bad frames
:
0
0
dropped frames
:
0
0
queue overflowed
:
0
0
memory access errors :
0
0
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mkdir
mkdir
To create one or more new directories on the specified file system, use the mkdir command in boot
loader mode.
mkdir filesystem:/directory-url ...
Syntax Description
filesystem:
Alias for a flash file system. Use flash: for the system board flash device.
/directory-url
Name of the directories to create. Separate each directory name with a space.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Directory names are case sensitive.
Directory names are limited to 45 characters between the slashes (/); the name cannot contain control
characters, spaces, deletes, slashes, quotes, semicolons, or colons.
Examples
This example shows how to make a directory called Saved_Configs:
switch: mkdir flash:Saved_Configs
Directory "flash:Saved_Configs" created
This example shows how to make two directories:
switch: mkdir flash:Saved_Configs1 flash:Test
Directory "flash:Saved_Configs1" created
Directory "flash:Test" created
You can verify that the directory was created by entering the dir filesystem: boot loader command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
dir
Displays a list of files and directories on the specified file system.
rmdir
Removes one or more directories from the specified file system.
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more
more
To display the contents of one or more files, use the more command in boot loader mode.
more filesystem:/file-url ...
Syntax Description
filesystem:
Alias for a flash file system. Use flash: for the system board flash device.
/file-url
Path (directory) and name of the files to display. Separate each filename with
a space.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Filenames and directory names are case sensitive.
If you specify a list of files, the contents of each file appears sequentially.
Examples
This example shows how to display the contents of two files:
switch: more flash:/new-images/info flash:env_vars
version_suffix: image-name
version_directory: image-name
image_name: image-name.bin
ios_image_file_size: 63984644
total_image_file_size: 8133632
image_feature: IP|LAYER_3|PLUS|MIN_DRAM_MEG=128
image_family: family
info_end:
BAUD=57600
MANUAL_BOOT=no
Related Commands
Command
Description
cat
Displays the contents of one or more files.
type
Displays the contents of one or more files.
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peek
peek
To read data from a memory location, use the peek command in boot loader mode.
peek location
Syntax Description
location
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Examples
32-bit memory location.
This example shows how to read data from a memory location:
switch: peek 0xfff80000
ox4BE000=102
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ping
ping
To send ICMP ECHO REQUEST packets to a network host, use the ping command in boot loader mode.
ping ip-address
Syntax Description
ip-address
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Examples
The IP address of the network host.
This example shows how to send an echo request packet to a network host:
switch: ping 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
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poke
poke
To write data to one writable memory location, use the poke command in boot loader mode.
poke location
Syntax Description
location
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Examples
32-bit memory location.
This example shows how to write data to a writeable memory location:
switch: poke 0xfff80000
ox4BE000=102
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Boot Loader Commands
rename
rename
To rename a file, use the rename command in boot loader mode.
rename filesystem:/source-file-url filesystem:/destination-file-url
Syntax Description
filesystem:
Alias for a flash file system. Use flash: for the system board flash device.
/source-file-url
Original path (directory) and filename.
/destination-file-url
New path (directory) and filename.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Filenames and directory names are case sensitive.
Directory names are limited to 45 characters between the slashes (/); the name cannot contain control
characters, spaces, deletes, slashes, quotes, semicolons, or colons.
Filenames are limited to 45 characters; the name cannot contain control characters, spaces, deletes,
slashes, quotes, semicolons, or colons.
Examples
This example shows a file named config.text being renamed to config1.text:
switch: rename flash:config.text flash:config1.text
You can verify that the file was renamed by entering the dir filesystem: boot loader command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
copy
Copies a file from a source to a destination.
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reset
reset
To perform a hard reset on the system, use the reset command in boot loader mode. A hard reset is
similar to power-cycling the switch, clearing the processor, registers, and memory.
reset
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Examples
This example shows how to reset the system:
switch: reset
Are you sure you want to reset the system (y/n)?y
System resetting...
Related Commands
Command
Description
boot
Loads and boots an executable image and enters the command-line interface.
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rmdir
rmdir
To remove one or more empty directories from the specified file system, use the rmdir command in boot
loader mode.
rmdir filesystem:/directory-url ...
Syntax Description
filesystem:
Alias for a flash file system. Use flash: for the system board flash device.
/directory-url
Path (directory) and name of the empty directories to remove. Separate each
directory name with a space.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Directory names are case sensitive and limited to 45 characters between the slashes (/); the name cannot
contain control characters, spaces, deletes, slashes, quotes, semicolons, or colons.
Before removing a directory, you must first delete all the files in the directory.
The switch prompts you for confirmation before deleting each directory.
Examples
This example shows how to remove a directory:
switch: rmdir flash:Test
You can verify that the directory was deleted by entering the dir filesystem: boot loader command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
dir
Displays a list of files and directories on the specified file system.
mkdir
Creates one or more new directories on the specified file system.
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Boot Loader Commands
set
set
To set or display environmental variables that can be used to control the boot loader or any other software
running on the switch, use the set command in boot loader mode.
set variable value
Note
Syntax Description
Under normal circumstances, it is not necessary to alter the setting of the environment variables.
variable value
Use one of these keywords for variable and value:
MANUAL_BOOT—Decides whether the switch automatically or manually boots.
Valid values are 1, yes, 0, and no. If it is set to no or 0, the boot loader attempts to
automatically boot the system. If it is set to anything else, you must manually boot
the switch from the boot loader mode.
BOOT filesystem:/file-url—A semicolon-separated list of executable files to try to
load and execute when automatically booting.
If the BOOT environment variable is not set, the system attempts to load and execute
the first executable image it can find by using a recursive, depth-first search through
the flash: file system. If the BOOT variable is set but the specified images cannot be
loaded, the system attempts to boot the first bootable file that it can find in the flash
file system.
ENABLE_BREAK—Decides whether the automatic boot process can be
interrupted by using the Break key on the console.
Valid values are 1, yes, on, 0, no, and off. If it is set to 1, yes, or on, you can interrupt
the automatic boot process by pressing the Break key on the console after the flash
file system has initialized.
HELPER filesystem:/file-url—A semicolon-separated list of loadable files to
dynamically load during the boot loader initialization. Helper files extend or patch
the functionality of the boot loader.
PS1 prompt—A string that is used as the command-line prompt in boot loader mode.
CONFIG_FILE flash:/file-url—The filename that Cisco IOS uses to read and write
a nonvolatile copy of the system configuration.
BAUD rate—The rate in bits per second (bps) used for the console. The Cisco IOS
software inherits the baud rate setting from the boot loader and continues to use this
value unless the configuration file specifies another setting. The range is from 0 to
4294967295 bps. Valid values are 50, 75, 110, 150, 300, 600, 1200, 1800, 2000,
2400, 3600, 4800, 7200, 9600, 14400, 19200, 28800, 38400, 56000, 57600, 115200,
and 128000.
The most commonly used values are 300, 1200, 2400, 9600, 19200, 57600, and
115200.
HELPER_CONFIG_FILE filesystem:/file-url—The name of the configuration file
to be used by the Cisco IOS helper image. If this is not set, the file specified by the
CONFIG_FILE environment variable is used by all versions of Cisco IOS that are
loaded, including the helper image. This variable is used only for internal
development and testing.
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set
Defaults
The environment variables have these default values:
MANUAL_BOOT: No (0)
BOOT: Null string
ENABLE_BREAK: No (Off or 0) (the automatic boot process cannot be interrupted by pressing the
Break key on the console).
HELPER: No default value (helper files are not automatically loaded).
PS1: switch:
CONFIG_FILE: config.text
BAUD: 9600 bps
HELPER_CONFIG_FILE: No default value (no helper configuration file is specified).
SWITCH_NUMBER: 1
SWITCH_PRIORITY: 1
Note
Environment variables that have values are stored in the flash file system in various files. The format of
these files is that each line contains an environment variable name and an equal sign followed by the
value of the variable. A variable has no value if it is not listed in this file; it has a value if it is listed in
the file even if the value is a null string. A variable that is set to a null string (for example, “ ”) is a
variable with a value. Many environment variables are predefined and have default values.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Environment variables are case sensitive and must be entered as documented.
Environment variables that have values are stored in flash memory outside of the flash file system.
Under normal circumstances, it is not necessary to alter the setting of the environmental variables.
The MANUAL_BOOT environment variable can also be set by using the boot manual global
configuration command.
The BOOT environment variable can also be set by using the boot system filesystem:/file-url global
configuration command.
The ENABLE_BREAK environment variable can also be set by using the boot enable-break global
configuration command.
The HELPER environment variable can also be set by using the boot helper filesystem:/file-url global
configuration command.
The CONFIG_FILE environment variable can also be set by using the boot config-file flash:/file-url
global configuration command.
The HELPER_CONFIG_FILE environment variable can also be set by using the boot helper-config-file
filesystem:/file-url global configuration command.
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set
The HELPER_CONFIG_FILE environment variable can also be set by using the boot helper-config-file
filesystem:/file-url global configuration command.
The boot loader prompt string (PS1) can be up to 120 printable characters except the equal sign (=).
Examples
This example shows how to change the boot loader prompt:
switch: set PS1 loader:
loader:
You can verify your setting by using the set boot loader command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
unset
Resets one or more environment variables to its previous setting.
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set_param
set_param
To write system parameters to the system flash memory, use the set_param command in boot loader
mode.
set_param
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Examples
This example shows how to write system parameters to system flash memory.
switch: set_param
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Boot Loader Commands
sleep
sleep
To pause for a specified number of seconds, use the sleep command in boot loader mode.
sleep value
Sets the time to pause the boot loader in seconds. The range is 0 to 231–1.
Syntax Description
value:
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Examples
This example shows how to pause the boot loader process for 30 seconds:
switch: sleep 30
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Boot Loader Commands
type
type
To display the contents of one or more files, use the type command in boot loader mode.
type filesystem:/file-url ...
Syntax Description
filesystem:
Alias for a flash file system. Use flash: for the system board flash device.
/file-url
Path (directory) and name of the files to display. Separate each filename with
a space.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
Filenames and directory names are case sensitive.
If you specify a list of files, the contents of each file appears sequentially.
Examples
This example shows how to display the contents of two files:
switch: type flash:/new-images/info flash:env_vars
version_suffix: image-name
version_directory: image-name
image_name: image-name.bin
ios_image_file_size: 63984644
total_image_file_size: 8133632
image_feature: IP|LAYER_3|PLUS|MIN_DRAM_MEG=128
image_family: family
info_end:
BAUD=57600
MANUAL_BOOT=no
Related Commands
Command
Description
cat
Displays the contents of one or more files.
more
Displays the contents of one or more files.
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Boot Loader Commands
unset
unset
To reset one or more environmental variables, use the unset command in boot loader mode.
unset variable ...
Note
Syntax Description
Under normal circumstances, it is not necessary to alter the setting of the environment variables.
variable
Use one of these keywords for variable:
MANUAL_BOOT—Decides whether the switch automatically or manually
boots.
BOOT—Resets the list of executable files to try to load and execute when
automatically booting. If the BOOT environment variable is not set, the
system attempts to load and execute the first executable image it can find by
using a recursive, depth-first search through the flash file system. If the
BOOT variable is set but the specified images cannot be loaded, the system
attempts to boot the first bootable file that it can find in the flash file system.
ENABLE_BREAK—Decides whether the automatic boot process can be
interrupted by using the Break key on the console after the flash file system
has been initialized.
HELPER—A semicolon-separated list of loadable files to dynamically load
during the boot loader initialization. Helper files extend or patch the
functionality of the boot loader.
PS1—A string that is used as the command-line prompt in boot loader mode.
CONFIG_FILE—Resets the filename that Cisco IOS uses to read and write
a nonvolatile copy of the system configuration.
BAUD—Resets the rate in bits per second (bps) used for the console. The
Cisco IOS software inherits the baud rate setting from the boot loader and
continues to use this value unless the configuration file specifies another
setting.
HELPER_CONFIG_FILE—Resets the name of the configuration file to be
used by the Cisco IOS helper image. If this is not set, the file specified by the
CONFIG_FILE environment variable is used by all versions of Cisco IOS
that are loaded, including the helper image. This variable is used only for
internal development and testing.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Boot Loader Commands
unset
Usage Guidelines
Under normal circumstances, it is not necessary to alter the setting of the environmental variables.
The MANUAL_BOOT environment variable can also be reset by using the no boot manual global
configuration command.
The BOOT environment variable can also be reset by using the no boot system global configuration
command.
The ENABLE_BREAK environment variable can also be reset by using the no boot enable-break
global configuration command.
The HELPER environment variable can also be reset by using the no boot helper global configuration
command.
The CONFIG_FILE environment variable can also be reset by using the no boot config-file global
configuration command.
The HELPER_CONFIG_FILE environment variable can also be reset by using the no boot
helper-config-file global configuration command.
Examples
This example shows how to reset the prompt string to its previous setting:
switch: unset PS1
switch:
Related Commands
Command
Description
set
Sets or displays environment variables.
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Appendix A
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Boot Loader Commands
version
version
To display the boot loader version, use the version command in boot loader mode.
version
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Command Modes
Boot loader
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Examples
This example shows how to display the boot loader version:
switch: version
switch-name Boot Loader (xxxxx-HBOOT-M) Version 12.2(xx)EX
Compiled Wed 12-Sept-05 14:58 by devgoyal
switch:
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B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch
Debug Commands
This appendix describes the debug privileged EXEC commands that have been created or changed for
use with the Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X switch. These commands are helpful in diagnosing and
resolving internetworking problems and should be enabled only under the guidance of Cisco technical
support staff.
Caution
Because debugging output is assigned high priority in the CPU process, it can render the system
unusable. For this reason, use the debug commands only to troubleshoot specific problems or during
troubleshooting sessions with Cisco technical support staff. It is best to use the debug commands during
periods of lower network traffic and fewer users. Debugging during these periods decreases the
likelihood that increased debug command processing overhead will affect system use.
Although visible in the command-line help, the switch does not support the debug platform commands.
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug bridge-domain
debug bridge-domain
To enable debugging of bridge domains, use the debug bridge-domain command in privileged EXEC
mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug bridge-domain {number mac {security | table} {errors | events} | configuration | errors |
ipc}
no debug bridge-domain {number mac {security | table} {errors | events} | configuration |
errors | ipc}
Syntax Description
number
Enter the bridge domain number to debug. The range is 1 to 8000.
mac security
Displays MAC security debug messages.
mac table
Displays MAC address table debug messages.
errors
Displays MAC security or MAC address table error debug messages.
events
Displays MAC security or MAC address table event debug messages.
configuration
Displays bridge domain configuration event debug messages.
errors
Displays bridge domain error debug messages.
ipc
Displays bridge domain IPC error and event debug messages.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug bridge-domain command is the same as the no debug bridge-domain command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug etherchannel
debug etherchannel
To enable debugging of the EtherChannel/PAgP shim, use the debug etherchannel command in
privileged EXEC mode. This shim is the software module that is the interface between the Port
Aggregation Protocol (PAgP) software module and the port manager software module. To disable
debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug etherchannel [all | detail | error | event | idb]
no debug etherchannel [all | detail | error | event | idb]
Syntax Description
Note
all
(Optional) Displays all EtherChannel debug messages.
detail
(Optional) Displays detailed EtherChannel debug messages.
error
(Optional) Displays EtherChannel error debug messages.
event
(Optional) Displays major EtherChannel event messages.
idb
(Optional) Displays PAgP interface descriptor block debug messages.
Though visible in the command-line help strings, the linecard keyword is not supported.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
If you do not specify a keyword, all debug messages appear.
The undebug etherchannel command is the same as the no debug etherchannel command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
show etherchannel
Displays EtherChannel information for the channel.
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug ethernet service
debug ethernet service
To enable debugging of Ethernet customer service instances, use the debug ethernet service command
in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug ethernet service {all | api | error | evc [id evc-id] | instance [id id interface-id | interface
interface-id] | interface [interface-id] | oam-mgr}
no debug ethernet service {all | api | error | evc [id evc-id] | instance [id id interface-id | interface
interface-id] | interface [interface-id] | oam-mgr}
Syntax Description
all
Displays all Ethernet customer-service debug messages.
api
Displays debug messages about the interaction between the Ethernet
infrastructure and its clients.
error
Displays Ethernet customer-service error messages occurring in the Ethernet
infrastructure subsystem.
evc
Displays Ethernet virtual connection (EVC) debug messages
id evc-id
(Optional) Displays EVC debug messages relevant to a specific EVC identifier.
The EVC identifier can be a string of from 1 to 100 characters.
instance
Displays debug messages related to Ethernet customer-service instances.
id id interface-id
(Optional) Displays Ethernet service-instance debug messages for a specific
Ethernet service instance ID and interface. The service identifier range is 1 to
4294967295. The interface is a physical interface.
interface
interface-id
(Optional) When entered after the instance keyword, displays service-instance
debug messages for the interface. You must enter an interface ID.
interface
[interface-id]
Displays debugging for Ethernet services on all interfaces or the specified
interface.
oam-mgr
Displays debug messages for the Ethernet operation, administration, and
maintenance (OAM) manager component of the infrastructure.
Command Default
Ethernet service debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug ethernet service command is the same as the no debug ethernet service command.
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug ethernet service
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug interface
debug interface
To enable debugging of interface-related activities, use the debug interface command in privileged
EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug interface {interface-id | null interface-number | port-channel port-channel-number |
vlan vlan-id}
no debug interface {interface-id | null interface-number | port-channel port-channel-number |
vlan vlan-id}
Syntax Description
interface-id
Displays debug messages for the specified physical port, identified by type
switch number/module number/ port, for example gigabitethernet 0/2.
null interface-number
Displays debug messages for null interfaces. The interface-number is always
0.
port-channel
port-channel-number
Displays debug messages for the specified EtherChannel port-channel
interface. The port-channel-number range is 1 to 26.
vlan vlan-id
Displays debug messages for the specified VLAN. The vlan-id range is 1 to
4094.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
If you do not specify a keyword, all debug messages appear.
The undebug interface command is the same as the no debug interface command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
show interface
Displays interface status and configuration information.
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug ip igmp filter
debug ip igmp filter
To enable debugging of Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) filter events, use the debug ip
igmp filter command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this
command.
debug ip igmp filter
no debug ip igmp filter
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug ip igmp filter command is the same as the no debug ip igmp filter command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug ip igmp max-groups
debug ip igmp max-groups
To enable debugging of Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) maximum groups events, use the
debug ip igmp max-groups command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form
of this command.
debug ip igmp max-groups
no debug ip igmp max-groups
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug ip igmp max-groups command is the same as the no debug ip igmp max-groups
command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug ip igmp snooping
debug ip igmp snooping
To enable debugging of Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping activity, use the debug
igmp snooping command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this
command.
debug ip igmp snooping [ip_address | group | management | querier | redundancy | router |
timer]
no debug ip igmp snooping [ip_address | group | management | querier | redundancy | router |
timer]
Syntax Description
ip_address
IPv4 group address
group
(Optional) Displays IGMP snooping group activity debug messages.
management
(Optional) Displays IGMP snooping management activity debug messages.
querier
(Optional) Displays IGMP snooping querier debug messages.
redundancy
(Optional) Displays IGMP snooping redundancy events.
router
(Optional) Displays IGMP snooping router activity debug messages.
timer
(Optional) Displays IGMP snooping timer event debug messages.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug ip igmp snooping command is the same as the no debug ip igmp snooping command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug lacp
debug lacp
To enable debugging of Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP) activity, use the debug lacp
command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug lacp [all | event | fsm | misc | packet]
no debug lacp [all | event | fsm | misc | packet]
Syntax Description
all
(Optional) Displays all LACP debug messages.
event
(Optional) Displays LACP event debug messages.
fsm
(Optional) Displays LACP finite state-machine debug messages.
misc
(Optional) Displays miscellaneous LACP debug messages.
packet
(Optional) Displays LACP packet debug messages.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug lacp command is the same as the no debug lacp command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
show lacp
Displays LACP channel-group information.
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug mac-notification
debug mac-notification
To enable debugging of MAC notification events, use the debug mac-notification command in
privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug mac-notification
no debug mac-notification
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug mac-notification command is the same as the no debug mac-notification command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
show mac
address-table
notification
Displays the MAC address notification information for all interfaces or the
specified interface.
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug matm
debug matm
To enable debugging of platform-independent MAC address management events, use the debug matm
command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug matm {add | age | all | bulkdelete | create | delete | error | move | pm | remove | traceback}
no debug matm {add | age | all | bulkdelete | create | delete | error | move | pm | remove |
traceback}
Syntax Description
Note
add
Displays MAC address add debug messages.
age
Displays MAC address aging debug messages.
all
Displays all MAC address debug messages.
bulkdelete
Displays MAC address bulk delete debug messages.
create
Displays MAC address creation debug messages.
delete
Displays MAC address deletion debug messages.
error
Displays MAC address creation debug messages.
move
Displays MAC address move debug messages.
pm
Displays MAC address port manager debug messages.
remove
Displays MAC address remove debug messages.
traceback
Displays MAC address traceback debug messages.
Although visible in the command-line help, the pvlan keyword is not supported.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug matm command is the same as the no debug matm command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug matm move
debug matm move
To enable debugging of MAC address-table move message processing, use the debug matm move
command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug matm move [address | update]
no debug matm move [address | update]
Syntax Description
address
Displays MAC address table move address debug messages.
move
Displays MAC address table move update debug messages.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled. update
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug matm move command is the same as the no debug matm move command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
mac address-table
move update
Configures the MAC address-table move update feature on the switch.
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
show mac
address-table move
update
Displays the MAC address-table move update information on the switch.
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug nvram
debug nvram
To enable debugging of NVRAM activity, use the debug nvram command in privileged EXEC mode.
To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug nvram
no debug nvram
Syntax Description
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug nvram command is the same as the no debug nvram command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug pagp
debug pagp
To enable debugging of Port Aggregation Protocol (PAgP) activity, use the debug pagp command in
privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug pagp [all | dual-active | event | fsm | misc | packet]
no debug pagp [all | dual-active | event | fsm | misc | packet]
Syntax Description
all
(Optional) Displays all PAgP debug messages.
dual-active
(Optional) Displays PAgP dual-active debug messages.
event
(Optional) Displays PAgP event debug messages.
fsm
(Optional) Displays PAgP finite state-machine debug messages.
misc
(Optional) Displays miscellaneous PAgP debug messages.
packet
(Optional) Displays PAgP packet debug messages.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug pagp command is the same as the no debug pagp command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
show pagp
Displays PAgP channel-group information.
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug pm
debug pm
To enable debugging of port manager (PM) activity, use the debug pm command in privileged EXEC
mode. The port manager is a state machine that controls all the logical and physical interfaces. All
features, such as VLANs, UniDirectional Link Detection (UDLD), and so forth, work with the port
manager to provide switch functions. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug pm {all | assert | card | cookies | etherchnl | hatable | messages | port | redundancy |
registry | sm | span | split | statistics| vlan | vp}
no debug pm {all | assert | card | cookies | etherchnl | hatable | messages | port | redundancy |
registry | sm | span | split | statistics| vlan | vp}
Syntax Description
Note
all
Displays all PM debug messages.
assert
Displays assert debug messages.
card
Displays line-card related-events debug messages.
cookies
Displays internal PM cookie validation debug messages.
etherchnl
Displays EtherChannel related-events debug messages.
hatable
Displays Host Access Table events debug messages.
messages
Displays PM debug messages.
port
Displays port related-events debug messages.
redundancy
Displays PM redundancy event debug messages.
registry
Displays PM registry invocation debug messages.
sm
Displays state-machine related-events debug messages.
span
Displays spanning-tree related-events debug messages.
split
Displays split-processor debug messages.
statistics
Displays PM statistic event debug messages.
vlan
Displays VLAN related-events debug messages.
vp
Displays virtual port related-events debug messages.
Though visible in the command-line help strings, the pvlan and scp keywords are not supported.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug pm
Usage Guidelines
The undebug pm command is the same as the no debug pm command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug rep
debug rep
To enable debugging of Resilient Ethernet Protocol (REP) functions, use the debug rep command in
privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug rep {all | bpa-event | bpasm | database | epa-pkt | epasm | error | failure-recovery | lslsm
| misc | packet | prsm |show cli}
no debug rep {all | bpa-event | bpasm | database | epa-pkt | epasm | error | failure-recovery |
lslsm | misc | packet | prsm |show cli}
Syntax Description
all
Display all REP debug messages.
bpa-event
Displays blocked port advertisement (BPA) debug messages.
bpasm
Displays BPA state machine debug messages.
database
Displays REP state machine debug messages.
epa-pkt
Displays end port advertisement (EPA) packet debug messages.
epasm
Displays EPA state machine debug messages.
error
Displays REP protocol error debug messages.
failure-recovery
Displays REP switchover event debug messages.
lslsm
Displays Link State Layer (LSL) state machine debug messages.
misc
Displays miscellaneous REP debug messages.
packet
Displays protocol PDU debug messages.
prsm
Displays REP port role state machine debug messages.
showcli
Displays show command line interface debug information.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug rep command is the same as the no debug rep command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
show interfaces rep
Displays REP configuration and status for a specified interface or for all
interfaces.
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug qos
debug qos
To enable debugging of the quality of service (QoS) feature, use the debug qos command in privileged
EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug qos {capability | events | service-policy {global-lock | iteration | lifecycle | polling | stats
trace} | set}
no debug qos {capability | events | service-policy {global-lock | iteration | lifecycle | polling |
stats trace} | set}
Syntax Description
capability
Displays all QoS capability debug messages.
events
Displays modular QoS command-line interface (MQC) event debug messages.
service-policy
Displays QoS service policy debug messages.
global-lock
Displays QoS service policy lock event debug messages.
iteration
Displays QoS service policy iteration debug messages.
lifecycle
Displays QoS service policy install and remove event debug messages.
polling
Displays QoS service policy statistics polling debug messages.
stats
Displays QoS service policy statistics update debug messages.
trace
Includes traceback information in the debug message output.
set
Displays QoS packet marking debug messages.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug qos command is the same as the no debug qos command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug spanning-tree
debug spanning-tree
To enable debugging of spanning-tree activities, use the debug spanning-tree command in privileged
EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug spanning-tree {all | bpdu | bpdu-opt | config | etherchannel | events | exceptions | general
| mstp | pvst+ | root | snmp | switch | synchronization | vlan-shim}
no debug spanning-tree {all | bpdu | bpdu-opt | config | etherchannel | events | exceptions |
general | mstp | pvst+ | root | snmp | switch | synchronization | vlan-shim}
Syntax Description
Note
all
Displays all spanning-tree debug messages.
bpdu
Displays spanning-tree bridge protocol data unit (BPDU) debug messages. See
the debug spanning-tree bpdu command.
bpdu-opt
Displays optimized BPDU handling debug messages. See the debug
spanning-tree bpdu-opt command.
config
Displays spanning-tree configuration change debug messages.
etherchannel
Displays EtherChannel-support debug messages.
events
Displays spanning-tree topology event debug messages.
exceptions
Displays spanning-tree exception debug messages.
general
Displays general spanning-tree activity debug messages.
mstp
Debug Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol events. See the debug spanning-tree
mstp command.
pvst+
Displays per-VLAN spanning-tree plus (PVST+) event debug messages.
root
Displays spanning-tree root-event debug messages.
snmp
Displays spanning-tree Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
handling debug messages.
switch
Displays switch shim command debug messages. This shim is the software
module that is the interface between the generic Spanning Tree Protocol (STP)
code and the platform-specific code of various switch platforms. See the debug
spanning-tree switch command.
synchronization
Displays the spanning-tree synchronization event debug messages.
vlan-shim
Displays spanning-tree VLAN shim debug messages. See the debug
spanning-tree vlan-shim command
Though visible in the command-line help strings, the csuf/csrt keyword is not supported.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug spanning-tree
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug spanning-tree command is the same as the no debug spanning-tree command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
show spanning-tree
Displays spanning-tree state information.
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug spanning-tree bpdu
debug spanning-tree bpdu
To enable debugging of sent and received spanning-tree bridge protocol data units (BPDUs), use the
debug spanning-tree bpdu command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form
of this command.
debug spanning-tree bpdu [receive | transmit]
no debug spanning-tree bpdu [receive | transmit]
Syntax Description
receive
(Optional) Displays the nonoptimized path for received BPDU debug messages.
transmit
(Optional) Displays the nonoptimized path for sent BPDU debug messages.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug spanning-tree bpdu command is the same as the no debug spanning-tree bpdu
command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
show spanning-tree
Displays spanning-tree state information.
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug spanning-tree bpdu-opt
debug spanning-tree bpdu-opt
To enable debugging of optimized spanning-tree bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) handling, use the
debug spanning-tree bpdu-opt command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no
form of this command.
debug spanning-tree bpdu-opt [detail | packet]
no debug spanning-tree bpdu-opt [detail | packet]
Syntax Description
detail
(Optional) Displays detailed optimized BPDU-handling debug messages.
packet
(Optional) Displays packet-level optimized BPDU-handling debug messages.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug spanning-tree bpdu-opt command is the same as the no debug spanning-tree bpdu-opt
command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
show spanning-tree
Displays spanning-tree state information.
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug spanning-tree mstp
debug spanning-tree mstp
To enable debugging of the Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol (MSTP) feature, use the debug
spanning-tree mstp command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this
command.
debug spanning-tree mstp {all | boundary | bpdu-rx | bpdu-tx | errors | flush | init | migration |
pm | proposals | region | roles | sanity_check | sync | tc | timers}
no debug spanning-tree mstp {all | boundary | bpdu-rx | bpdu-tx | errors | flush | init | migration
| pm | proposals | region | roles | sanity_check | sync | tc | timers}
Syntax Description
all
Enables all the debugging messages.
boundary
Displays flag changes at these boundaries:
•
An multiple spanning-tree (MST) region and a single spanning-tree region
running Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP)
•
An MST region and a single spanning-tree region running IEEE 802.1D
•
An MST region and another MST region with a different configuration
bpdu-rx
Displays the received MST bridge protocol data units (BPDUs).
bpdu-tx
Displays the sent MST BPDUs.
errors
Displays MSTP errors.
flush
Displays the port flushing mechanism.
init
Displays the initialization of the MSTP data structures.
migration
Debug the protocol migration state machine.
pm
Displays MSTP port manager events.
proposals
Displays handshake messages between the designated switch and the root switch.
region
Displays the region synchronization between the switch processor (SP) and the route
processor (RP).
roles
Displays MSTP roles.
sanity_check
Displays the received BPDU sanity check messages.
sync
Displays the port synchronization events.
tc
Displays topology change notification events.
timers
Displays the MSTP timers for start, stop, and expire events.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug spanning-tree mstp
Usage Guidelines
The undebug spanning-tree mstp command is the same as the no debug spanning-tree mstp
command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
show spanning-tree
Displays spanning-tree state information.
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug spanning-tree switch
debug spanning-tree switch
To enable debugging of the software interface between the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and the port
manager, use the debug spanning-tree switch command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable
debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug spanning-tree switch {all | errors | flush | general | helper | pm | rx {decode | errors |
interrupt | process} | state | tx [decode]}
no debug spanning-tree switch {all | errors | flush | general | helper | pm | rx {decode | errors |
interrupt | process} | state | tx [decode]}
Syntax Description
all
Displays all spanning-tree switch debug messages.
errors
Displays debug messages for the interface between the spanning-tree software
module and the port manager software module.
flush
Displays debug messages for the shim flush operation.
general
Displays general event debug messages.
helper
Displays spanning-tree helper-task debug messages. Helper tasks handle bulk
spanning-tree updates.
pm
Displays port-manager event debug messages.
rx
Displays received bridge protocol data unit (BPDU) handling debug messages. The
keywords have these meanings:
•
decode—Display decoded received packets.
•
errors—Display receive error debug messages.
•
interrupt—Display interrupt service request (ISR) debug messages.
•
process—Display process receive BPDU debug messages.
state
Displays spanning-tree port state change debug messages;
tx [decode]
Displays sent BPDU handling debug messages. The keyword has this meaning:
•
decode—(Optional) Display decoded sent packets.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug spanning-tree switch command is the same as the no debug spanning-tree switch
command.
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug spanning-tree switch
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
show spanning-tree
Displays spanning-tree state information.
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug spanning-tree vlan-shim
debug spanning-tree vlan-shim
To enable debugging of the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) VLAN shim, use the debug spanning-tree
switch command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug spanning-tree vlan-shim {all | errors | flush | general | helper | pm | rx {decode | errors |
interrupt | process} | state | tx [decode]}
no debug spanning-tree vlan-shim {all | errors | flush | general | helper | pm | rx {decode | errors
| interrupt | process} | state | tx [decode]}
Syntax Description
all
Displays all spanning-tree VLAN debug messages.
errors
Displays debug messages for STP VLAN errors.
flush
Displays debug messages for the VLAN shim flush operation.
general
Displays general VLAN event debug messages.
helper
Displays spanning-tree helper-task debug messages. Helper tasks handle bulk
spanning-tree updates.
rx
Displays received bridge protocol data unit (BPDU) handling debug messages. The
keywords have these meanings:
•
decode—Displays decoded received packets.
•
errors—Displays receive error debug messages.
•
interrupt—Displays interrupt service request (ISR) debug messages.
•
process—Displays process receive BPDU debug messages.
state
Displays spanning-tree port state change debug messages;
tx [decode]
Displays sent BPDU handling debug messages. The keyword has this meaning:
•
decode—(Optional) Display decoded sent packets.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug spanning-tree vlan-shim command is the same as the no debug spanning-tree
vlan-shim command.
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug spanning-tree vlan-shim
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
show spanning-tree
Displays spanning-tree state information.
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug sw-vlan
debug sw-vlan
To enable debugging of VLAN manager activities, use the debug sw-vlan command in privileged EXEC
mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug sw-vlan {badpmcookies | cfg-vlan {bootup | cli} | events | ifs | management | notification
| packets | registries}
no debug sw-vlan {badpmcookies | cfg-vlan {bootup | cli} | events | ifs | management |
notification | packets | registries}
Syntax Description
badpmcookies
Displays debug messages for VLAN manager incidents of bad port manager
cookies.
cfg-vlan {bootup | cli}
Displays config-vlan debug messages. The keywords have these meanings:
•
bootup—Display messages when the switch is booting up.
•
cli—Display messages when the command-line interface (CLI) is in
config-vlan mode.
events
Displays debug messages for VLAN manager events.
ifs
See the debug sw-vlan ifs command.
management
Displays debug messages for VLAN manager management of internal
VLANs.
notification
See the debug sw-vlan notification command.
packets
Displays debug messages for packet handling and encapsulation processes.
registries
Displays debug messages for VLAN manager registries.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug sw-vlan command is the same as the no debug sw-vlan command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
show vlan
Displays the parameters for all configured VLANs or one VLAN (if the
VLAN name or ID is specified) in the administrative domain.
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug sw-vlan ifs
debug sw-vlan ifs
To enable debugging of the VLAN manager IOS file system (IFS) error tests, use the debug sw-vlan ifs
command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug sw-vlan ifs {open {read | write} | read {1 | 2 | 3 | 4} | write}
no debug sw-vlan ifs {open {read | write} | read {1 | 2 | 3 | 4} | write}
Syntax Description
open {read | write}
Displays VLAN manager IFS file-open operation debug messages. The
keywords have these meanings:
•
read—Display VLAN manager IFS file-read operation debug messages.
•
write—Display VLAN manager IFS file-write operation debug messages.
read {1 | 2 | 3 | 4}
Displays file-read operation debug messages for the specified error test (1, 2,
3, or 4).
write
Displays file-write operation debug messages.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug sw-vlan ifs command is the same as the no debug sw-vlan ifs command.
When selecting the file read operation, Operation 1 reads the file header, which contains the header
verification word and the file version number. Operation 2 reads the main body of the file, which
contains most of the domain and VLAN information. Operation 3 reads type length version (TLV)
descriptor structures. Operation 4 reads TLV data.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
show vlan
Displays the parameters for all configured VLANs or one VLAN (if the
VLAN name or ID is specified) in the administrative domain.
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug sw-vlan notification
debug sw-vlan notification
To enable debugging of the activation and deactivation of VLAN IDs, use the debug sw-vlan
notification command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this
command.
debug sw-vlan notification {accfwdchange | allowedvlancfgchange | fwdchange | linkchange |
modechange | statechange}
no debug sw-vlan notification {accfwdchange | allowedvlancfgchange | fwdchange |
linkchange | modechange | statechange}
Syntax Description
Note
accfwdchange
Displays debug messages for VLAN manager notification of aggregated
access interface spanning-tree forward changes.
allowedvlancfgchange
Displays debug messages for VLAN manager notification of changes to the
allowed VLAN configuration.
fwdchange
Displays debug messages for VLAN manager notification of spanning-tree
forwarding changes.
linkchange
Displays debug messages for VLAN manager notification of interface
link-state changes.
modechange
Displays debug messages for VLAN manager notification of interface mode
changes.
statechange
Displays debug messages for VLAN manager notification of interface state
changes.
Though visible in the command-line help strings, the pruningcfgchange keyword is not supported.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug sw-vlan notification command is the same as the no debug sw-vlan notification
command.
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug sw-vlan notification
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
show vlan
Displays the parameters for all configured VLANs or one VLAN (if the
VLAN name or ID is specified) in the administrative domain.
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
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B-33
Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug udld
debug udld
To enable debugging of the UniDirectional Link Detection (UDLD) feature, use the debug udld
command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug udld {events | packets | registries}
no debug udld {events | packets | registries}
Syntax Description
events
Displays debug messages for UDLD process events as they occur.
packets
Displays debug messages for the UDLD process as it receives packets from the
packet queue and tries to send them at the request of the UDLD protocol code.
registries
Displays debug messages for the UDLD process as it processes registry calls from
the UDLD process-dependent module and other feature modules.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug udld command is the same as the no debug udld command.
For debug udld events, these debugging messages appear:
•
General UDLD program logic flow
•
State machine state changes
•
Program actions for the set and clear ErrDisable state
•
Neighbor cache additions and deletions
•
Processing of configuration commands
•
Processing of link-up and link-down indications
For debug udld packets, these debugging messages appear:
•
General packet processing program flow on receipt of an incoming packet
•
Indications of the contents of the various pieces of packets received (such as type length versions
[TLVs]) as they are examined by the packet reception code
•
Packet transmission attempts and the outcome
For debug udld registries, these categories of debugging messages appear:
•
Sub-block creation
•
Fiber-port status changes
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug udld
Related Commands
•
State change indications from the port manager software
•
MAC address registry calls
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
show udld
Displays UDLD administrative and operational status for all ports or the
specified port.
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug vfi
debug vfi
To enable debugging of the virtual forwarding infrastructure (VFI) feature, use the debug vfi command
in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug vfi [fsm] {error | event}
no debug vfi [fsm] {error | event}
Syntax Description
fsm
(Optional) Displays VFI finite state-machine debug messages.
error
Displays debug messages for VFI errors or VFI finite state-machine errors.
events
Displays debug messages for VFI events or VFI finite state-machine events as they
occur.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug vfi command is the same as the no debug vfi command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
show vfi
Displays VFI status for the switch.
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug vrrp
debug vrrp
To enable debugging of the Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP), use the debug vrrp command
in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this command.
debug vrrp {all | errors | events | packets | process | registry | state | timer | track}
no debug vrrp {all | errors | events | packets | process | registry | state | timer | track}
Syntax Description
all
Displays all VRRP debug messages.
errors
Displays debug messages for VRRP error reporting.
events
Displays debug messages for protocol and interface events.
packets
Displays debug messages. for VRRP packet details.
process
Displays debug messages for VRRP process activities.
registry
Displays debug messages for VRRP registry reporting.
state
Displays VRRP state change debug messages;
timer
Displays debug messages for VRRP timer reporting.
track
Displays debug messages VRRP monitor tracking.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug vrrp command is the same as the no debug vrrp command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
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Appendix B
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Debug Commands
debug xconnect
debug xconnect
to enable debugging of the xconnect virtual connection or virtual connection infrastructure (VFI), use
the debug xconnect command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable debugging, use the no form of this
command.
debug xconnect {error | event}
no debug xconnect {error | event}
Syntax Description
error
Displays debug messages for xconnect authorization errors.
events
Displays debug messages for xconnect authorization events.
Defaults
Debugging is disabled.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
Command History
Release
Modification
12.2(52)EY
This command was introduced.
Usage Guidelines
The undebug xconnect command is the same as the no debug xconnect command.
Related Commands
Command
Description
show debugging
Displays information about the types of debugging that are enabled.
xconnect
Enable xconnect on an interface.
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
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A P P E N D I X
C
Acknowledgments for Open-Source Software
The Cisco IOS software pipe command uses Henry Spencer’s regular expression library (regex). The
most recent version of the library has been modified slightly in the Catalyst operating system software
to maintain compatibility with earlier versions of the library.
Henry Spencer’s regular expression library (regex). Copyright 1992, 1993, 1994, 1997 Henry Spencer.
All rights reserved. This software is not subject to any license of the American Telephone and Telegraph
Company or of the Regents of the University of California.
Permission is granted to anyone to use this software for any purpose on any computer system, and to
alter it and redistribute it, subject to the following restrictions:
1.
The author is not responsible for the consequences of use of this software, no matter how awful,
even if they arise from flaws in it.
2.
The origin of this software must not be misrepresented, either by explicit claim or by omission.
Since few users ever read sources, credits must appear in the documentation.
3.
Altered versions must be plainly marked as such, and must not be misrepresented as being the
original software. Since few users ever read sources, credits must appear in the documentation.
4.
This notice may not be removed or altered.
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
OL-23401-01
C-1
Appendix C
Acknowledgments for Open-Source Software
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
C-2
OL-23401-01
INDEX
A
B
access control entries
backup interfaces, configuring
See ACEs
bandwidth command
access control lists
BITS clock controller
BITS clock output
See ACLs
IP
access mode
2-431
access ports
2-431
2-142, 2-145
boot helper-config file command
as match criteria for QoS classes
2-142
2-21
2-19
A-1
booting
2-230
for non-IP protocols
Cisco IOS image
2-122
helper image
2-83
on Layer 2 interfaces
creating
2-17
A-18
displaying a list of
2-1
aggregate-port learner
removing
2-168
alarm-contact command
A-8
A-25
displaying
2-3
alarm-contact status, displaying
2-253
available commands
A-13
memory heap utilization
2-433
archive download-sw command
archive tar command
A-3
directories
2-83
2-172
allowed VLANs
2-234
boot loader
accessing
2-51
action command
2-18
displaying environment variables
manually
permit
2-16
2-17
Cisco IOS image
2-53, 2-174
displaying
A-3
booting
ACLs
IP
2-43
boot helper command
2-305
matching for QoS classification
deny
2-45
boot config-file command
2-82
MAC, displaying
ACEs
2-13
boot (boot loader) command
access groups
2-424
version
2-5
arp (boot loader) command
A-34
environment variables
2-8
archive upload-sw command
A-14
described
2-11
displaying settings
A-2
attaching policy maps to interfaces
autonegotiation of duplex mode
A-26
2-210
2-59
location of
setting
unsetting
A-26
A-27
A-26
A-32
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
OL-23401-01
IN-1
Index
boot loader (continued)
class maps
files
creating
2-28
copying
A-6
defining the match criteria
deleting
A-7
displaying
displaying a list of
displaying the contents of
renaming
2-28
class of service
A-5, A-19, A-31
See CoS
A-23
file system
clear ipc command
formatting
clear lacp command
A-11
initializing flash
clear pagp command
boot private-config-file command
2-37
1-1
committed information rate in QoS policers
2-20
2-175
configuration files
2-21
BPDU filtering, for spanning tree
BPDU guard, for spanning tree
password recovery disable considerations
2-408
specifying the name
2-378, 2-408
bridge domains, displaying the MAC address table
broadcast storm control
2-33
2-35, 2-36
command modes defined
2-19
boot system command
2-32
clear spanning-tree counters command
A-24
boot manual command
2-31
clear mac address-table command
A-12
A-1
resetting the system
2-30
clear logging onboard command
A-10
running a consistency check
prompt
2-238
matching in
A-8
2-143
2-313
burst bytes, in QoS policers
2-16, 2-20
configuring multiple interfaces
conform-action command
2-417
2-78
2-39
controller BITS input applique command
2-175
2-41
controller BITS output applique command
controller BITS shutdown command
C
copy (boot loader) command
cat (boot loader) command
CBWFQ, configuring
CFM
A-6
as match criteria for QoS groups
2-167
for QoS classification
2-167
channel-group command
2-46
CoS
2-13
CFM as OAM protocol
2-43
2-45
copy logging onboard module command
A-5
A-1
2-25
class-based traffic shaping
2-228
2-212
setting value in policy maps
2-212
CPU ASIC statistics, displaying
2-240
2-22
channel-protocol command
2-143
cpu traffic qos qos-group command
2-48
class-based weighted fair queuing
See CBWFQ
class command
D
2-26
classification, per-port per VLAN
class-map command
2-154
debug etherchannel command
2-28
class-map configuration mode
debug bridge-domain command
2-28
B-2
B-3
debug ethernet service command
debug interface command
B-4
B-6
debug ip igmp filter command
B-7
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
IN-2
OL-23401-01
Index
debug ip igmp max-groups command
debug ip igmp snooping command
debug lacp command
DoM
B-8
displaying supported transceivers
B-9
B-10
debug mac-notification command
debug matm command
B-11
debug matm move update command
debug pagp command
2-368
transceivers traps
2-369
domains, CFM
B-12
debug nvram command
enabling traps for
2-167
dropping packets, with ACL matches
B-13
as match criteria for QoS groups
B-15
debug pm command
B-16
for QoS traffic marking
debug qos command
B-19
setting in policy maps
debug rep command
B-18
duplex command
debug spanning-tree bpdu command
debug spanning-tree command
B-24
debug spanning-tree switch command
B-31
E-LMI, enabling
2-66
environment variables, displaying
B-32
B-37
2-234
2-460
errdisable recovery command
error disable detection
2-60
2-62
2-258
2-60
error-disabled interfaces, displaying
B-38
delete (boot loader) command
2-268
EtherChannel
2-48
A-7
creating port-channel logical interface
debug EtherChannel/PAgP, display
2-50
displaying
2-51
2-60
B-3
2-268
LACP
diagnostic schedule test command
diagnostic start test command
2-56
differentiated service code point
See DSCP
2-54
debug messages, display
displaying
modes
B-10
2-294
2-22
port priority for hot-standby ports
Digital Optical Monitoring
system priority
see DoM
2-109
2-111
load-distribution methods
dir (boot loader) command
2-76
2-262
interface information, displaying
detect mechanism, causes
directories, deleting
E
error conditions, displaying
define interface-range command
deny command
2-215
errdisable detect cause command
B-36
debug xconnect command
2-215
2-58
EoMPLS, configuring
B-34
debug vrrp command
delete command
B-26, B-28
B-30
debug sw-vlan notification command
debug vfi command
B-23
B-20
debug spanning-tree mstp command
debug sw-vlan ifs command
2-146, 2-150, 2-154
B-22
debug spanning-tree bpdu-opt command
debug udld command
2-1
DSCP
B-14
debug sw-vlan command
2-280
2-182
A-8
2-50
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
OL-23401-01
IN-3
Index
EtherChannel (continued)
extended-range VLANs
PAgP
and allowed VLAN list
aggregate-port learner
configuring
2-168
clearing channel-group information
debug messages, display
displaying
B-15
2-452
extended system ID for STP
2-384
external alarms, configuring
2-3
2-332
error detection for
2-60
error recovery timer
learn method
modes
2-35
2-433
F
2-62
2-168
failure logging data
2-22
physical-port learner
2-168
Ethernet controller, internal register display
ethernet evc command
2-242
2-65
2-66
copying
2-46
fan information, displaying
2-253
2-50
flash_init (boot loader) command
2-66
ethernet lmi global command
2-32
files, deleting
ethernet lmi ce-vlan map command
ethernet lmi command
clearing
A-10
Flex Links
2-66
configuring
Ethernet Local Management Interface
2-424
configuring preferred VLAN
See E-LMI
flowcontrol command
ethernet oam remote-failure command
2-68
Ethernet service
2-426
2-72
format (boot loader) command
A-11
forwarding packets, with ACL matches
debugging
B-4
displaying
2-265
fsck (boot loader) command
Ethernet service instance
A-12
2-206
Ethernet statistics, collecting
ethernet uni id command
2-1
G
2-205
2-69
global configuration mode
1-2, 1-3
Ethernet virtual connections
See EVCs
EVC configuration mode
H
2-65
EVCs
creating
hardware ACL statistics
2-65
help (boot loader) command
service instances
UNI counts
2-230
2-206
A-13
hierarchical virtual private LAN service
2-447
See H-VPLS
EVC service
host connection, port configuration
point-to-multipoint
point-to-point
2-447
H-VPLS
2-447
exceed-action command
2-107
configuring
2-70
exit command, VFI configuration mode
displaying
2-107
2-430
2-107
2-356
hw-module module logging onboard command
2-74
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
IN-4
OL-23401-01
Index
interfaces
I
configuring
IEEE 802.1ag Connectivity Fault Management
configuring multiple
See CFM
2-457
debug messages, display
IGMP filters
disabling
2-87
B-7
IGMP groups, setting maximum
interface vlan command
2-80
2-242
Internet Group Management Protocol
2-284
See IGMP
IGMP snooping
invalid GBIC
adding ports as a static member of a group
enabling
2-415
internal registers, displaying
2-90
2-319
2-363
interface speed, configuring
B-8
IGMP profiles
displaying
B-6
2-363
restarting
2-88
IGMP maximum groups, debugging
displaying
2-76
displaying the MAC address table
debug messages, display
creating
2-78
creating port-channel logical
IEEE 802.1Q trunk ports and native VLANs
applying
2-58
2-102
error detection for
2-285, 2-289
2-60
error recovery timer
2-92
2-62
ip address command
2-85
enabling the configurable-leave timer
2-93
IP addresses, setting
2-85
enabling the Immediate-Leave feature
2-99
IP address matching
2-140
flooding query count
2-97
ip igmp filter command
interface topology change notification behavior
multicast table
2-98
2-287
query solicitation
ip igmp snooping command
2-95
switch topology change notification behavior
2-90
2-92
ip igmp snooping last-member-query-interval
command 2-93
ip igmp snooping tcn command
See software images
immediate-leave processing
2-95
2-97
ip igmp snooping tcn flood command
2-99
2-98
ip igmp snooping vlan immediate-leave command
input policy maps
and ACL classification
ip igmp snooping vlan mrouter command
2-142
commands not supported in
configuration guidelines
2-180
ip igmp snooping vlan static command
2-102
IP precedence, as match criteria for QoS groups
1-2, 1-4
ip ssh command
interface port-channel command
2-78
2-99
2-100
2-180
interface configuration mode
interface-range macros
2-97
2-88
ip igmp snooping report-suppression command
images
interface range command
ip igmp max-groups command
ip igmp profile command
2-97
report suppression
2-87
2-148
2-104
2-76
L
2-48
l2protocol command
l2 vfi command
2-105
2-107
lacp port-priority command
2-109
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
OL-23401-01
IN-5
Index
lacp system-priority command
Layer 2 mode, enabling
MAC addresses (continued)
2-111
per VLAN
2-420
Layer 2 traceroute
static
IP addresses
2-326
static and dynamic entries
2-440
MAC addresses
Layer 3 mode, enabling
2-420
aging time
line configuration mode
1-2, 1-4
deleting
link flap
location (global configuration) command
2-182
2-140
adding and removing
2-115
displaying
2-117
2-132
2-326
dropping on an interface
2-118
tables
2-76
loopback error
detection for
matching
2-132
2-309
MAC address notification, debugging
mac address-table aging-time
2-60
recovery timer
B-11
2-120, 2-140
mac address-table aging-time command
2-62
loop guard, for spanning tree
mac address-table learning command
2-385, 2-389
2-124
2-126
mac address-table move update command
mac address-table notification command
M
mac address-table static command
mac access-group command
macro global command
2-305
MAC access list configuration mode
mac access-list extended command
MAC access lists
macro description command
2-120
MAC access-groups, displaying
adding a description
2-136
2-137
2-126
applying
2-334
interface range
2-311
2-48, 2-78
specifying parameter values
2-309
tracing
2-317
notification settings
per interface
2-137
2-137
maintenance end points
2-447
2-321, 2-324
number of addresses in a VLAN
per bridge domain
2-322
2-139
2-137
displaying
displaying
MAC address-table move updates
2-139
2-136
adding a global description
disabling MAC address learning per VLAN
dynamic
2-130
macros
2-122
MAC addresses
all
2-128
2-132
macro global description command
2-122
2-51
aging time
2-128
static
2-113
location (interface configuration) command
logical interface
2-130
enabling MAC address-table move update
2-62
load-distribution methods for EtherChannel
logging file command
2-317
enabling MAC address notification
2-60
logging event command
2-124
2-33
displaying
error recovery timer
2-307
dynamic
2-437
error detection for
2-328
2-315
2-313
2-319
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
IN-6
OL-23401-01
Index
maps
MSTP (continued)
class, creating
MST configuration mode
2-28
VLAN
2-392
VLANs-to-instance mapping
creating
2-455
path cost
defining
2-140
protocol mode
displaying
match access-group command
loop guard
match discard-class command
2-385
restricting which can be root
2-146
root guard
2-148
match mpls experimental topmost command
match qos-group command
2-150
2-385
root switch
hello-time
2-154
2-384
2-397, 2-404
interval between BDPU messages
2-398
interval between hello BPDU messages
See MTU
mdix auto command
2-156
2-398
maximum hop count before discarding
BPDU 2-399
A-15
mgmt_init (boot loader) command
mkdir (boot loader) command
max-age
A-14
mgmt_clr (boot loader) command
A-16, A-17
A-18
port priority for selection of
primary or secondary
1-1
switch priority
more (boot loader) command
A-19
2-400
2-404
2-403
state changes
MPLS
blocking to forwarding state
displaying VFIs
2-356
experimental field
enabling BPDU filtering
2-217
enabling BPDU guard
2-460
enabling Port Fast
VFI configuration
2-107
2-410
2-376, 2-408
2-378, 2-408
2-408, 2-410
forward-delay time
MSTP
2-396
length of listening and learning states
displaying
2-345
interoperability
link type
rapid transition to forwarding
2-37
state information display
MST region
MTU, configuring size
aborting changes
2-392
applying changes
2-392
mtu command
current or pending display
displaying
2-158
2-158
multicast storm control
configuration revision number
2-392
2-392
2-408
2-344
multicast router ports, configuring
2-392
2-396
2-387
shutting down Port Fast-enabled ports
2-387
configuration name
2-397,
2-404
memory (boot loader) command
modes, commands
2-385
2-385
affects of extended system ID
2-152
maximum transmission unit
VCs
2-37
preventing from becoming designated
2-145
match ip precedence command
match vlan command
2-391
root port
2-142
2-143
match ip dscp command
2-394
restart protocol migration process
2-361
match cos command
2-392
2-100
2-417
Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol
See MSTP
2-345
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
OL-23401-01
IN-7
Index
multiprotocol label switching
online diagnostics
See MPLS
global configuration mode
clearing test-based testing schedule
setting test-based testing
N
2-54
setting up test-based testing
native VLANs
removing scheduling
2-433
native VLAN tagging
network-clock_select command
2-107
2-41, 2-43
network-clock-select hold-timeout command
network-clock-select mode command
enabling
2-54
2-54
2-54
starting testing
2-160
2-161
2-164
network-clock-select output command
2-165
network-clock-select wait-to-restore command
2-54
2-56
online diagnostic tests
displaying results
2-163
network-clock-select option command
starting
2-249
2-56
operation, administration, and maintenance protocol
See OAM
2-166
output policy maps
2-415
and QoS group classification
non-IP protocols
denying
2-54
setting test interval
2-159
network-clock-select hold-off timeout command
nonegotiate, speed
disabling
scheduling
2-165
network-clock-select command
and traffic shaping
2-51
forwarding
queue limit in
2-122
2-152
2-228
configuration guidelines
2-172
non-IP traffic access lists
2-54
scheduled switchover
2-457
neighbor command, VFI configuration mode
network clock priority
2-54
2-180
2-188
non-IP traffic forwarding
denying
2-51
permitting
P
2-172
normal-range VLANs
no vlan command
pagp learn-method command
2-452
pagp port-priority command
2-452
2-168
2-170
password-recovery mechanism, enabling and
disabling 2-208
O
peek (boot loader) command
OAM PDUs
permit command
2-68
OAM protocol
oam protocol cfm svlan command
on-board failure logging, displaying
on-board failure logging, enabling
2-172
per-port per VLAN policing
2-167
2-167
2-301
2-74
A-20
2-154
per-VLAN spanning-tree plus
See STP
physical-port learner
PID, displaying
2-168
2-283
PIM-DVMRP, as multicast router learning method
ping (boot loader) command
A-21
poke (boot loader) command
A-22
2-100
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
IN-8
OL-23401-01
Index
police
priority command
multiple conform actions for a class
2-185
privileged EXEC mode
2-39
1-2, 1-3
multiple exceed actions for a class
2-70
product identification information, displaying
multiple violate actions for a class
2-450
PVST+
police command
See STP
2-175
policers, configuring
2-175
policy-map class, configuring multiple actions
2-39, 2-70,
2-450
policy-map class configuration mode
2-26
policy-map class police configuration mode
policy-map command
2-179
2-179
2-143
and DSCP classification
and MPLS classification
displaying
2-149
2-150
2-179
2-71
per-port, per-VLAN hierarchical policy maps
creating
2-185
2-154
2-223
traffic classification, defining
2-175
displaying policy maps
2-26
traffic marking
setting CoS values
2-212
setting DSCP values
2-215
setting IP precedence values
2-221
port-channel load-balance command
2-182
Port Fast, for spanning tree
port ranges, defining
2-410
2-32, 2-46, 2-48
B-16
2-215
setting IP precedence values
2-221
setting QoS group identifier
2-223
traffic classifications
2-26
violate actions, configuring
as match criteria
2-152
2-154
for QoS traffic classification
power information, displaying
2-253
power-supply status, displaying
2-451
QoS groups
classification
2-184
2-336
2-212
setting DSCP values
setting CoS values
2-210, 2-225
2-179
defining policers
setting QoS group identifier
port-type command
2-336
applying to an interface
2-175
ports, debugging
2-40
policy maps
2-336
setting priority
conform actions, configuring
exceed actions, configuring
2-210, 2-225
2-143
2-238
displaying statistics for
2-210
applying to an interface
2-154
2-28
defining the match criteria
2-146
and IP precedence classification
displaying
2-187
QoS
creating
and CoS classification
policers
ql-enabled rep-segment command
2-39, 2-177
class maps
policy maps
creating
Q
classification based on VLAN IDs
policy-map configuration mode
applying
2-283
setting in policy maps
2-223
2-223
2-253
precedence
for QoS traffic marking
setting in policy maps
2-221
2-221
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
OL-23401-01
IN-9
Index
QoS match criteria
ACLs
S
2-142
CoS value
scheduled switchover
2-143
discard class value
DSCP value
2-145
2-146, 2-150, 2-154
precedence value
2-54
enabling
2-54
scheduling diagnostic tests
2-148
QoS group number
disabling
2-54
sending flow-control packets
2-152
topmost MPLS experimemtal label
2-150
service instance command
2-72
2-206
service password-recovery command
quality of service
service policy (policy-map class configuration)
command 2-212
See QoS
queue-limit command
2-208
2-188
service-policy interface configuration command
set (boot loader) command
R
A-26
set_param (boot loader) command
rapid per-VLAN spanning-tree plus
See STP
rapid PVST+
See STP
receiving flow-control packets
2-72
display
2-215
set mpls command
2-217
rep admin vlan command
rep block port command
A-23
set network-clocks command
2-223
2-225
2-195
2-197
rep preempt segment command
shape average command
2-199
show boot command
2-283
2-228
2-230
show archive status command
2-192
rep preempt delay command
2-233
2-234
show class-map command
2-238
show controllers bits command
2-239
show controllers cpu-interface command
2-200
2-240
show controllers ethernet-controller command
2-203
reserved-only command
2-219
2-221
show access-lists command
2-191
rep lsl-age-timer command
rep segment command
2-214
SFPs, displaying information about
2-63
rename (boot loader) command
rep stcn command
set dscp command
setup command
2-236, 2-256, 2-260
timer interval
set discard-class command
set qos-group command
2-62
A-29
2-212
set precedence command
recovery mechanism
causes
set cos command
show controller utilization command
2-204
reset (boot loader) command
A-24
rmdir (boot loader) command
A-25
rmon collection stats command
root guard, for spanning tree
2-205
2-385
2-210
show diagnostic command
show env command
2-242
2-247
2-249
2-253
show errdisable detect command
2-256
show errdisable flap-values command
show errdisable recovery command
show etherchannel command
2-258
2-260
2-262
show ethernet service evc command
2-265
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
IN-10
OL-23401-01
Index
show flowcontrol command
show udld command
2-266
show interface rep command
show interfaces command
show version command
2-278
show vfi command
2-268
show interfaces counters command
show interfaces rep command
show ipc command
shutdown command
SNMP host, specifying
2-289
snmp-server host command
2-298
show mac address-table address command
enabling MAC address notification trap
2-309
show mac address-table aging time command
2-311
show mac address-table bridge-domain command
2-313
enabling the sending of
deleting
2-315
downloading
show mac address-table interface command
2-319
upgrading
2-5
show mac address-table learning command
2-321
uploading
2-11
show mac address-table move update command
show mac address-table notification command
2-326
2-328
show policy-map command
2-322
2-324, B-13
2-5
software version, displaying
2-354
spanning-tree bpdufilter command
2-376
spanning-tree bpduguard command
spanning-tree cost command
2-378
2-380
2-382
spanning-tree extend system-id command
spanning-tree guard command
2-334
show policy-map interface output fields
2-339
2-341
2-338
2-387
spanning-tree loopguard default command
spanning-tree mode command
2-384
2-385
spanning-tree link-type command
2-336
show rep topology command
2-366
spanning-tree etherchannel command
2-330
2-332
show parser macro command
2-130
2-50
2-317
show network-clocks command
2-374
enabling the MAC address notification feature
show mac address-table dynamic command
show mac address-table vlan command
2-374
software images
2-307
show mac address-table static command
2-370
SNMP traps
2-305
show mac address-table count command
2-366
snmp trap mac-notification change command
2-301
show mac address-table command
2-366
2-365
snmp-server enable traps command
show mac access-group command
show port-type command
2-370
snmp mib rep trap-rate command
2-290
2-294
show logging onboard command
show pagp command
A-30
SNMP informs, enabling the sending of
2-290
2-107
2-364
sleep (boot loader) command
2-287
show ip igmp snooping mrouter command
show ip sla twamp session command
2-363
shutdown vlan command
2-285
show ip sla standards command
2-362
shutdown command, VFI configuration mode
2-284
show ip igmp snooping groups command
show location command
2-359
show vlan filter command
2-290
2-361
2-358
show vlan command, fields
2-280
2-283
show ip igmp snooping command
show lacp command
2-356
show vlan command
2-278
show ip igmp profile command
2-354
show vlan access-map command
2-275
show interface transceivers command
show inventory command
2-352
2-389
2-391
spanning-tree mst configuration command
show spanning-tree command
2-344
spanning-tree mst cost command
show storm-control command
2-350
spanning-tree mst forward-time command
2-392
2-394
2-396
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
OL-23401-01
IN-11
Index
spanning-tree mst hello-time command
spanning-tree mst max-age command
STP (continued)
2-397
root switch
2-398
spanning-tree mst max-hops command
affects of extended system ID
2-399
2-384, 2-413
spanning-tree mst port-priority command
2-400
hello-time
spanning-tree mst pre-standard command
2-402
interval between BDPU messages
spanning-tree mst priority command
spanning-tree mst root command
max-age
2-404
spanning-tree portfast (global configuration)
command 2-408
primary or secondary
switch priority
2-412
2-412
blocking to forwarding state
enabling BPDU filtering
See STP
enabling BPDU guard
2-412
enabling Port Fast
2-415
SSH, configuring version
statistics, Ethernet group
storm-control command
2-205
2-417
2-412
shutting down Port Fast-enabled ports
2-408
SVIs, creating
spanning-tree activity
modifying
B-23
2-403, 2-412
2-80
extended system ID
2-420
switchport access command
B-26, B-28
EtherChannel misconfiguration
2-420
returning to interfaces
B-20
transmitted and received BPDUs
2-422
switchport backup interface command
B-22
switchport block command
2-382
switchport command
2-384
2-428
2-430
switchport mode command
2-391
2-431
switchport port-security aging command
root port
loop guard
switchports, displaying
2-385
preventing from becoming designated
restricting which can be root
root guard
2-385
2-385
2-385
2-433
2-268
switchport trunk command
2-433
SyncE clock configuration
2-330
SyncE input clock
2-424
2-420
switchport host command
2-380
protocol modes
2-344
switching characteristics
B-24
optimized BPDUs handling
path cost
2-62
length of listening and learning states
VLAN options
2-37
debug messages, display
switch shim
2-378, 2-408
2-412
state information display
MSTP
2-408
2-408, 2-410
forward-delay time
2-422
STP
counters, clearing
2-410
enabling timer to recover from error state
2-104
static-access ports, configuring
2-406
state changes
2-406
Spanning Tree Protocol
speed command
2-412
2-412
port priority for selection of
spanning-tree portfast (interface configuration)
command 2-410
spanning-tree vlan command
2-412
interval between hello BPDU messages
2-403
spanning-tree port-priority command
2-412
2-159
Synchronous Ethernet
See SyncE
system env temperature threshold yellow command
2-435
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
IN-12
OL-23401-01
Index
system message logging, save message to flash
2-118
unknown multicast traffic, preventing
unknown unicast traffic, preventing
unset (boot loader) command
T
2-428
2-428
A-32
upgrading software images
tar files, creating, listing, and extracting
TDR, running
configuring
2-8
2-5
monitoring status of
2-436
temperature information, displaying
temperature status, displaying
2-437
traceroute mac ip command
traffic shaping, QoS
2-440
1-2
2-436
V
VCs, assigning interfaces to
2-460
version (boot loader) command
2-228
trunking, VLAN mode
user EXEC mode
2-253
test cable-diagnostics tdr command
traceroute mac command
2-253
2-233
A-34
VFI
2-431
trunk mode
2-431
configuration mode commands
trunk ports
2-431
creating
type (boot loader) command
A-31
2-107, 2-460
displaying
2-356
VPN ID for
2-459
violate-action command
U
2-107
2-450
virtual forwarding infrastructure
See VFI
UDLD
aggressive mode
2-442, 2-444
debug messages, display
enable globally
B-34
virtual private networks
See VPNs
vlan access-map command
2-442
2-455
enable per interface
2-444
VLAN access map configuration mode
error recovery timer
2-62
VLAN access maps
message timer
normal mode
2-442, 2-444
reset a shutdown interface
status
2-446
2-2
displaying
2-361
vlan command
2-452
VLAN configuration mode
2-352
udld command
actions
2-442
2-455
2-442
udld port command
2-444
udld reset command
2-446
unicast storm control
uni count command
2-417
2-447
UniDirectional Link Detection
uni-vlan command
2-452
description
1-4
entering
2-452
summary
1-2
vlan dot1q tag native command
vlan filter command
2-69
VLAN ID range
2-457
2-458
VLAN filters, displaying
See UDLD
UNI ID, Ethernet
commands
2-362
2-452
2-449
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
OL-23401-01
IN-13
Index
VLAN maps
applying
2-458
creating
2-455
defining
2-140
displaying
2-361
VLANs
adding
2-452
configuring
2-452
debug messages, display
activation of
B-32
VLAN IOS file system error tests
VLAN manager activity
displaying configurations
extended-range
B-31
B-30
2-358
2-452
MAC addresses
displaying
2-328
number of
2-315
normal-range
restarting
2-452
2-364
saving the configuration
shutting down
suspending
2-452
2-364
2-364
VPN
configuring
2-459
specifying in VFI configuration mode
vpn id command
2-107
2-459
W
Weighted Tail Drop
See WTD
WTD, queue-limit command
2-188
X
xconnect command
2-460
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
IN-14
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Index
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
OL-23401-01
IN-15
Index
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
IN-16
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Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
OL-23401-01
IN-17
Index
Cisco ME 3800X and ME 3600X Switch Command Reference
IN-18
OL-23401-01