FPT-H1 Horizontal Friction, Peel, and Tear Tester, User

FPT-H1
Horizontal Friction, Peel, and
Tear Tester
Assembly, Installation, and Operation
431-449-03
November 2016
This manual
This document illustrates the use of the Mecmesin FPT-H1 horizontal coefficient of
friction tester. Please refer also to 431-398 A Guide to Safe Use of Mecmesin Mains Powered
Test Systems.
For more information on running programs in Console mode, please refer to Manual 431389, Emperor™ Programming for Mecmesin-xt Force and Torque Test Systems.
For writing, editing and running programs for the FPT-H1-i, please refer to Manual 431382, Emperor™ Force and Torque Testing Software: Operator Manual.
Warranty
The -xt console is pre-configured at Mecmesin. Any unauthorised changes to the console
configuration and set-up will invalidate the warranty.
The 24-month end-user warranty for the console itself is with a third party. Please contact
your local Mecmesin agent for assistance with this warranty.
The Microsoft® Windows® Embedded operating system is pre-installed and licensed by
Mecmesin and supplied with an End User License Agreement, and Certificate of
Authenticity.
2015 © Mecmesin Ltd, supplied with Mecmesin test systems and not for redistribution
Part no. 431-449-03
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FPT-H1 Operating Manual
Contents
1.
Parts Supplied With Your Tester
1
2.
Suggested Test Standard Methods
2
2.1
Suggested coefficient of friction test standards
2
2.2
Suggested peel test standards
2
2.3
Suggested tear test standards
3
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Installation
4
3.1
Unpacking the tester
4
3.2
Lifting the tester
4
3.3
Locating the tester
4
3.4
Mains power supply
4
Identification of Parts
5
4.1
Crosshead and loadcell
5
4.2
Rear panel connections
5
Assembly and Connection
6
5.1
Mounting the console (FPT-H1-xt)
6
5.2
Coefficient of friction grips and fixtures
8
5.3
Coefficient of friction sleds
9
5.4
Sled links for coefficient of friction testing
9
Working in the Test Area
10
6.1
Emergency stop and jog buttons
10
6.2
Attaching and changing the loadcell
10
6.3
Adjusting crosshead height
11
6.4
Setting the limit stops
12
6.5
FPT-H1 with mechanical sled lift
13
Starting the Emperor Software
14
7.2
15
The touch screen console
8.
Setting the Absolute Zero Crosshead Position
17
9.
Running Supplied Test Programs
19
9.1
Running programs: the test screen
20
9.2
Viewing and handling results
21
10. Coefficient of Friction Testing
22
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10.1
Test programs
22
10.2
Plane sample attachment
22
10.3
Alignments
22
10.4
Sled sample attachment
22
10.5
Sled linking
24
10.6
Crosshead positions during preset test programs
24
11. Elements of Friction
25
11.1
Practical considerations
25
11.2
International standard test methods
26
12. BS EN ISO 8295, Plastics, Film and Sheeting, Static and Kinetic
Coefficients of Friction
27
12.1
Process for static and kinetic friction (continuous test)
27
12.2
Kinetic (dynamic) friction test when stick-slip is observed
28
13. ASTM D1894 Plastic film and sheeting
29
13.1
Process for static and kinetic friction (continuous test)
29
13.2
Kinetic (dynamic) friction test when stick-slip is observed
30
14. TAPPI T 549, Uncoated Writing and Printing Paper, Static and
Kinetic Coefficients of Friction
14.1
Process for static and kinetic friction (continuous test)
31
31
15. BS ISO 15359, Paper and Board, Static and Kinetic Coefficients of
Friction
32
15.1
Attaching the sled-lift rails
32
15.2
Static friction at first slide (BS ISO 15359, section 9.2)
33
15.3
Static coefficient of friction at the first slide, static and kinetic at the
third slide (BS ISO 15359, section 9.3)
33
16. Fixtures for Peel and Tear Testing
35
16.1
Exchanging fixtures
35
16.2
90 degree peel testing of PSAs
36
16.3
180 degree peel testing
37
16.4
T-peel testing
38
16.5
Single-rip ‘trouser’ tear
39
16.6
Wing tear tests (Winkelmann / Graves)
39
17. Loadcell Accuracy Verification
17.1
Method
18. Installing Emperor Software on a PC (FPT-H1-i)
41
41
42
18.1
Minimum system requirements
42
18.2
Access to data folders
42
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FPT-H1 Operating Manual
18.3
Start Emperor
43
18.4
Emperor file locations
44
19. Creating Test Programs
45
20. Specification
46
21. Declaration of Conformance
47
Index
50
FPT-H1 Operating Manual
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FPT-H1 Operating Manual
1. Parts Supplied With Your Tester
FPT-H1
1. FPT-H1 tester
2. Mains cable for the tester
3. FPT loadcell
4. Toolkit of Allen keys and Torx wrench
5. Fixture mounting block
6. Plane sample spring clamp
7. Friction test hook for loadcell
8. 2 × 8 mm QC mounting posts and retaining pins
9. Manual: A Guide to Safe Use of Mecmesin Mains-powered Test Stands
10. Emperor™ software CD-ROM, with library programs for a range of standard tests
11. Programming Manual for operating the Emperor™ software
Additional items with FPT-H1-xt
12. Touch screen PC console with mounting bracket, preloaded with Emperor™ software
13. USB-serial data cable and power supply for the console
Additional items with FPT-H1-i
14. PC data cable
Optional accessories include:
Loadcell accuracy checking kits
FPT-H1 loadcell calibration checking kit (part no. 432-635). Used with mass kits for a 10 N
loadcell (5 N, part no. 432-655), or 100 N loadcell (50 N, part no. 432-656).
BS ISO 15359 coefficient of friction test fixture (factory-fitted version of FPT-H1)
Motorised lift with set-down and guide rails, with 3 mm Allen key to attach rails.
Fixtures for peel testing and tear testing
The FPT-H1 is suitable for certain peel testing standard methods (see section 16 ‘Fixtures
for Peel and Tear Testing’).
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2. Suggested Test Standard Methods
2.1 Suggested coefficient of friction test standards
BS EN ISO 8295
Plastics. Film and sheeting. Determination of the coefficients of
friction
ASTM D1894
Standard Test Method for Static and Kinetic Coefficients of Friction
of Plastic Film and Sheeting
BS ISO 15359
Paper and board—Determination of the static and kinetic coefficients
of friction—Horizontal plane method
TAPPI T 549
Coefficients of static and kinetic friction of uncoated writing and
printing paper by use of the horizontal plane method
2.2 Suggested peel test standards
AFERA 5001
Self Adhesive Tapes—Measurement of Peel Adhesion from Stainless
Steel or from its own Backing
ASTM D3330
Standard Test Method for Peel Adhesion of Pressure-Sensitive Tape
ASTM D6252
Standard Test Method for Peel Adhesion of Pressure-Sensitive Label
Stocks at a 90° Angle
PSTC 101
International Standard for Peel Adhesion of Pressure Sensitive Tape
BS EN 868-5
Packaging materials and systems for medical devices which are to be
sterilized. Heat and self-sealable pouches and reels of paper and
plastic film construction
BS EN 1895
Adhesives for paper and board, packaging and disposable sanitary
products - 180°-‘T’ peel test for a flexible-to-flexible assembly
BS EN 1939
Self-adhesive tapes. Determination of peel adhesion properties
ASTM F88
Standard Test Method for Seal Strength of Flexible Barrier Materials
ISO 8510-2
Adhesives—Peel Test for a Flexible-bonded-to-rigid Test Specimen
Assembly—Part 2: 180 degree peel
FINAT FTM-1
180° peel adhesion at 300 mm per minute (from application substrate)
FINAT FTM-2
90° peel adhesion at 300 mm per minute (from application substrate)
FINAT FTM-3
180° peel adhesion at 300 mm per minute (from backing)
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2.3 Suggested tear test standards
ASTM D1004
Standard Test Method for Tear Resistance (Graves Tear) of Plastic
Film and Sheeting
ASTM D1938
Standard Test Method for Tear-Propagation Resistance (Trouser
Tear) of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting by a Single-Tear Method
BS EN ISO 6383-1
Plastics—Film and Sheeting—Determination of Tear Resistance—
Part 1: Trouser Tear Method
BS EN ISO 12625-12 Tissue paper and tissue products—Part 12: Determination of tensile
strength of perforated lines—Calculation of perforation efficiency
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3. Installation
3.1 Unpacking the tester
When you first receive your FPT-H1 please check that there is no obvious damage to the
packaging. If there is any sign that the packaging or the test stand itself has been
damaged, please contact Mecmesin or your authorised distributor immediately. Do not
use the stand until you have confirmation that it is safe to use.
We strongly recommend that the packaging is kept, as this can be useful if the machine
needs to be returned for any reason.
Section 1 lists items that should be included with your test stand. Please contact
Mecmesin or your authorised distributor if any items are missing or damaged.
3.2 Lifting the tester
The unpackaged weight of the tester is given in the Specification table at the back of this
manual. The tester should be lifted by two people.
3.3 Locating the tester
The tester should be positioned on a level, stable work surface, and levelled by using the
adjustable feet as necessary.
3.4 Mains power supply
The FPT-H1 tester can be used on 110–120 or 220–240 V ac 50-60 Hz supplies. The rear
fuse carrier will be set for your local requirement, but is reversible, so should you replace
a fuse, the correct local voltage must read in an upright position (carrier and holder
arrows align):
Fuse carrier
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Carrier removal
FPT-H1 Operating Manual
4. Identification of Parts
4.1 Crosshead and loadcell
crosshead with
dovetail mounting
loadcell
vertical adjustment
release handle
friction testing
linkage pin,
attached to loadcell
4.2 Rear panel connections
power switch
RS232 connector
(PC/console)
power in
fuse carrier
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5. Assembly and Connection
5.1 Mounting the console (FPT-H1-xt)
Pillar
Touch screen console
Pillar grommet
Console mounting plate
and 4 countersunk screws
Data cable
Pillar mounting brackets
and 4 button bolts
Toolkit
Power adapter
5.1.1 Bracket assembly
Attach the pillar brackets to the FPT-H1 back panel, using the 4 mm Allen key and four
button bolts, but do not tighten:
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Insert the pillar into the brackets and tighten the brackets very firmly onto the pillar,
using the 6 mm Allen key, and then tighten the brackets to the FPT-H1 using the 4 mm
Allen key:
At this stage you can pass the USB end of the data cable up through the pillar, to save a
trailing cable (see right, below).
Secure the mounting plate to the back of the console using the four countersunk screws,
using the Torx key, mount the bracket onto the pillar, and secure it using the grey handle:
Push the button on the grey handle to lift and turn it as required, and to leave it tidily.
5.1.2 Connecting the console
Data and power connections are on the underside of the console:
USB sockets
FPT-H1 Operating Manual
network
comms
power in
on/off switch
Mecmesin  7
Pass the pillar grommet over the USB cable and push it onto the top of the pillar. Insert
the USB plug into one of the available sockets on the underside of the console (circled):
The console is powered from a separate adapter plugged into a mains socket.
Caution: use only the mains adaptor supplied by Mecmesin, do not use any other type.
Ensure that the power lead and USB lead are firmly fitted to the console. Plug the power
adaptor into a suitable mains supply socket. Plug the other end of the USB cable into the
9-way socket labelled ‘PC-RS232’ on the rear left of the FPT-H1. Normally it will not be
necessary to remove the USB cable, but should this be required, return the Emperor
software to the front screen display before disconnecting the data cable.
Connect printers or other device using the spare USB sockets.
5.2 Coefficient of friction grips and fixtures
Samples for coefficient of friction testing on the plane bed are secured under the
neoprene-edged spring clamp at the left-hand side. Advice on securing the sample free
end and sides, to provide a completely flat sample, is given under each of the coefficient
of friction test standards described in this manual.
securing bolts
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The clamp is secured by means of two cap-head bolts (arrowed). Use a 5 mm Allen key to
release the clamp and secure alternative fixtures for peel or tear testing.
The moving part of the tester is the sled, which is attached to the loadcell on the
crosshead by a link (a rigid link is shown):
grip
sled
plane
link
loadcell
mounted on
crosshead
5.3 Coefficient of friction sleds
There are three sleds available for the FPT-H1, designed to comply with the testing
standards in dimension, weight and sample facing. Be sure to select the correct sled:
Sled
Used for
Weight
Face dimensions
Facing material
A
BS EN ISO 8295
ASTM D1894
plastics, film and sheeting
200 g
63.5 mm × 63.5 mm
compressive foam
B
TAPPI T 549
uncoated writing and printing paper
200 g
63.5 mm × 63.5 mm
neoprene
C
BS ISO 15359
paper and board
800 g
65 mm × 65 mm
neoprene
5.4 Sled links for coefficient of friction testing
Rigid and elastic links of the same length are supplied. The supplied test programs are
set for links of this length, so please use only these links, or suitable links of the same
length.
The purpose of the elastic link is to damp the starting load of the crosshead when
measuring static friction, especially of plastic films. The rigid link is required wherever
stick-slip behaviour is observed, typically with paper samples (see Section 11, Elements of
Friction).
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6. Working in the Test Area
6.1 Emergency stop and jog buttons
On the front left of the tester, the red button is for an emergency stop. Pressing this will
stop all movement of the crosshead and will override all other controls. Once pressed, the
button stays latched down. To re-set the button, rotate it clockwise.
Emergency stop button
Crosshead jog buttons
Jog buttons are used to position the crosshead so that samples can be attached or
removed. The blue-lit physical buttons move the crosshead at a factory-set fixed rate of
around 100 mm/min when the console software is running. When the console software is
not running, the jog buttons will only progress the crosshead by 10 mm for each press of
a button.
Another pair of similar ‘jog’ buttons are on the software test screen. The two sets of
buttons function in different ways.
• The hardware buttons move at a factory-set fixed speed.
• The software buttons can be user-set in Emperor (select Programmed Testing at logon,
then Setup > Preferences > [General] to set a fixed speed, or variable speed (repeatedly
pressing an onscreen jog button progressively changes the speed).
6.2 Attaching and changing the loadcell
Turn off the tester power before changing loadcells.
You can swap loadcells by simply disconnecting one cell and fitting another. First, return
to the Emperor software Main Screen and switch off the tester, before removing the
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loadcell. When the new loadcell has been fitted, switch the tester on again, and after a few
seconds the new loadcell will be automatically recognised. The tester will read in the new
cell’s range, serial number and calibration status.
Do not attempt to remove the crosshead itself. The loadcell is attached via a captive hex
caphead bolt, secured and released with the 5 mm Allen key:
• lower the loadcell onto the mounting pillar
• support the loadcell with one hand
• insert the caphead bolt, and tighten using the Allen key.
Do not overtighten. Low-capacity loadcells are delicate and require careful
handling.
Attaching and removing the loadcell
Do not rest the loadcell with the stud down.
6.3 Adjusting crosshead height
The height of the crosshead will need adjusting to ensure horizontal alignment when
force is applied using different fixtures. For example, in friction testing:
sled
Incorrect alignment
Correct alignment
• attach the required link or grips
• jog the crosshead left or right as required, to secure a sample with the link or grips
• support the loadcell with your left hand
• release the black lever on the right of the crosshead
• carefully position the crosshead vertically, so as to achieve sample alignment
FPT-H1 Operating Manual
Mecmesin  11
• tighten the black lever.
Adjusting crosshead height
6.4 Setting the limit stops
The system prevents the motor drive from overloading the loadcell. However, other parts
may come into contact, undetected by the loadcell, such as between the crosshead and the
BS ISO 15359 sled guide fixture when raised, or at maximum or minimum travel. Leftand right-side limit stops stop crosshead travel before physical over-travel limits are
reached. The right-side limit stop will not normally need to be adjusted, but advice is
given on positioning the left stop depending on the test being run.
left-side limit stop
If the crosshead reaches a limit stop during a test, it will stop then reverse direction for
approximately 5 mm, then stop again. A warning message is displayed:
Press OK to acknowledge the warning and use the Jog buttons to move the crosshead so
that you can then check the position of the limit stops and re-set if required.
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If a limit stop is reached while pressing one of the Jog buttons on the front panel of the
FPT-H1, a different warning message is displayed.
Pressing OK will allow you to correct the situation and continue.
Pressing Abort will disconnect the stand from the console, and display the following
message:
Press OK then the toolbar Info. button:
On the [Test Stand] Tab, press Reconnect then OK .
Limit stops should be adjusted after grips or holding accessories have been fitted so that the
limit positions will prevent contact between moving and static parts (for example, the sled
lifting rails for BS ISO 15359). To set the left-side limit stop, slacken the knurled knob by
turning it anti-clockwise, then slide the stop to the desired position and re-tighten the
knob. The right-side limit stop can be adjusted using a 2.5 mm Allen key.
Remember to check and, if necessary, adjust the position of the left-side limit
stop if the grips are exchanged for a different holding accessory (e.g. peel tests).
6.5 FPT-H1 with mechanical sled lift
This is a factory-fitted variant of the FPT-H1.
If you have an installed sled lift, this must never be operated when any fixture
is secured over the lift pins, e.g. the 180 degree peel table, or the heated plane.
Doing so inadvertently may cause damage to the lifter mechanism.
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7. Starting the Emperor Software
Start the program by using the Emperor icon on the Windows desktop—the splash screen
is displayed.
Logon with a Master level username and password (for full access). If this is the first time
you have started the program, you can use:
Default Username:
supervisor
Default Password:
supervisor
Note: both the username and password are case-sensitive.
FPT-H1-xt
On the Operating Mode selection screen, click on Console Mode to use the system as
described in this manual.
FPT-H1-i
On the Operating Mode selection screen, click on Programmed Testing to use the system
as described in the manual: 431-382 Emperor™ Force and Torque Testing Software: Operator
Manual. See also Section 18, Installing Emperor Software on a PC (FPT-H1-i).
7.1.1 User accounts
To add user accounts, press System Settings and the [User Accounts] tab. Type in a new
user’s details, then Add . You will notice that for Operators, you choose only those
permissions you wish to give.
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FPT-H1 Operating Manual
New programs can only be written by Master users, using Programmed Testing mode.
For full information on using all aspects of the Emperor™ programming and analysis
software, refer to manual 431-382 Emperor™ Force and Torque Testing Software: Operator
Manual.
7.2 The touch screen console
The touch screen is used to control the FPT-H1-xt system. Please note that this Windows
computer does not contain an internal battery. If power to the system is interrupted, any
unsaved data will be lost.
You can select operations and options by pressing or tapping on the relevant button on
the touch screen with a finger or a stylus. In the bottom right of any screen layout
requiring typed entry, there is a keyboard icon. Touch this, and a floating keyboard
appears so you can type in numbers or text.
If this obscures an entry field or control, just drag it out of the way by touching and
dragging just above the icon.
Where a layout has no data entry, the keyboard will automatically slide out of sight to the
left, but it does not appear automatically when data may be required. Simply tap the
keyboard icon whenever you need it.
keyboard
keyboard icon
The FPT-H1–xt console showing the floating keyboard icon bottom right, and keyboard
• a single tap or press is the same as a left mouse button
• press-and-hold is the same as a right mouse button
• a double-tap is a double-click
• touch and drag a finger to select text
FPT-H1 Operating Manual
Mecmesin  15
• combination keys such as Shift+ and Ctrl+ are used sequentially. For example, to select
contents of a field, press Ctrl and then A. To copy, press Ctrl and then C. To paste,
press Ctrl and then V.
• touch and drag a window element by its title bar—such as the floating keyboard itself
• to close Windows from the desktop, bring up the floating keyboard and touch the
Windows button twice.
If preferred, a standard USB mouse and/or keyboard may be used.
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8. Setting the Absolute Zero Crosshead Position
This process must be run prior to using the tester, or if ever there appears to
be a change in programmed positioning.
All preset programs are written to position the crosshead at various stages to allow
sample fixing, sled linking, and to slide the sled the correct distance within the plane
sample length.
To achieve this, an absolute zero reference position is used. Before using a test program,
you will need to establish this position and set it via the Emperor software. The tester will
retain this position even when switched off.
General setting
If you do not use the FPT-H1 for BS ISO 15359, follow these general settings. If you do
use the FPT-H1 for BS ISO 15359, follow the specific instructions under the next
heading.
1. Switch the tester and console on, and logon to the software in Console Mode.
2. Ensure the left-side limit stop is tightened in a position to the far left of the tester.
3. Place the sled to the left, close to the grip, where you will start each slide.
4. Drop a link onto the sled pin.
5. Jog the crosshead left towards the sled, using the blue buttons on the machine, until
the link can be dropped freely onto the loadcell pin.
6. Press the Quick Test button
7. Now just press Run and then the Zero button on the toolbar at the top of the screen.
8. Select the [Absolute Zero] tab, and touch to place the cursor in the Offset position box:
Using the onscreen keyboard, enter zero (0), press the Set Absolute Position button,
then Exit .
9. Press Exit:
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Setting Absolute Zero for users of BS ISO 15359
If you use the FPT-H1 for BS ISO 15359, follow these more specific instructions.
1. With the sled rails fitted, ensure the crosshead is clear of the rails, to the right and
raised above the rail height.
Important! The crosshead must never be allowed to collide with the rails.
2. Loosen the left-side limit stop.
3. Switch the tester and console on, and logon to the software in Console Mode.
4. From the Advanced Test Library, select the program: ‘ISO 15359 sled position only’.
5. Press the green start button
6. This will raise the sled rails so that you can place the sled on the four locating pins,
and then lower the sled into the correct starting position.
7. Drop a link onto the sled pin.
8. Jog the crosshead left towards the sled, using the blue buttons on the machine, until
the link can be dropped freely onto the loadcell pin.
9. Now press the Zero button on the toolbar at the top of the screen.
10. Select the [Absolute Zero] tab, and touch to place the cursor in the Offset position box:
Using the onscreen keyboard, enter zero (0), press the Set Absolute Position button,
then Exit .
11. Press Exit:
and discard the results (there are none).
12. Slide the left-side limit stop up to this crosshead position, and back off to the left by
1-2 mm, and retighten.
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9. Running Supplied Test Programs
Before running supplied programs for the first time, you must set the
absolute zero crosshead position, as described in Section 8 Setting the Absolute
Zero Crosshead Position.
Programs supplied with the FPT-H1-xt have been written for the Advanced Program
Builder (Emperor™) and appear under Advanced Test.
For more information on running programs in Console mode, please refer to Manual 431389, Emperor™ Programming for Mecmesin-xt Force and Torque Test Systems.
For writing, editing and running programs for the FPT-H1-i, please refer to Manual 431382, Emperor™ Force and Torque Testing Software: Operator Manual.
The FPT-H1 is supplied pre-programmed with key industry standard test programs. Up
to five of these can be assigned to the ‘favourites’ buttons. Any number of other programs
can be held in the libraries under Program Test or Advanced Test. Here five programs to
coefficient of friction standard methods have been assigned:
All supplied programs are listed under ‘Advanced Test’ in the Test Library, and any can
be assigned to, or removed from, a Favourites position. (See the Emperor™ software
manuals for full details.)
Any programs that you write in Console mode will be listed under ‘Program Test’.
Please refer to the published test standards for complete details of sample preparation
and conditioning, and to note any relevant changes that may be introduced from time to
time by the relevant standards bodies.
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9.1 Running programs: the test screen
You will probably want to run the test with the live graph on display:
Toolbar
Live readings
Jog controls
Start / Resume
Stop test
Results panel
Resize bar
Graph display, selected sample
Touch the Graph button to reveal all sample results instead, and compare results:
• Sample 1, Sample 2 … etc. are default titles. Double click them to edit this text, using
the onscreen keyboard.
• Select any sample and touch the graph button to examine the graph for that sample.
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• Select any sample and touch the Info button
to access Sample Management,
where individual samples can be deleted, and where additional descriptive
information for the batch of samples can be added. This information will be included
in printed reports.
9.2 Viewing and handling results
On completing any run of tests, touch Exit
and you will be prompted to save or
discard the results. Results are saved in .for format, which can be opened in Emperor to
be viewed and analysed again.
Results save to default folder C:\ProgramData\Mecmesin\Emperor\Force\Results.
Test results can also be exported to a delimited format file. Touch the Export button
and name the file, saved in C:\ProgramData\Mecmesin\Emperor\Force\Export.
‘Results’ format will save just the same information that you can see in the results grid
on screen. ‘Raw’ data format will export all data points. Batch information is not saved
in this format.
Touch the Report button
to generate a printout incorporating the results details for
each sample, a results graph, and any batch information entered. This report can be saved
as a PDF file, in default folder C:\ProgramData\Mecmesin\Emperor\Force\Reports.
The Print button will just print this same report without the option to save it.
9.2.1 Excel
Results and raw data can be sent to Excel, via an export Scheme. For full explanation of
the export file, its name and location, and export options in a Scheme, see the manual 431382 Emperor™ Force and Torque Testing Software: Operator Manual.
Results can be sent to Excel only from Programmed Testing mode, not Console mode
(Excel toolbar button, or File > Send to Excel).
Results, when sent to Excel, include the test batch notes fields.
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10. Coefficient of Friction Testing
10.1 Test programs
Standard programs are supplied preinstalled on the FPT-H1 Favourites menu (Console
mode). They are also listed under the button: Advanced Test, Advanced Test Library.
10.2 Plane sample attachment
The FPT-H1 has a spring clamp for securing one end of the plane sample. Note that some
standards permit further adhesive attachment to ensure the sample lies flat, especially for
plastic films.
10.3 Alignments
Alignment of the sled is critical to accurate measurement, especially of static friction. For
accurate measurement, the sled must not rotate or be pulled at an angle as movement
begins. Throughout kinetic friction measurement, the travel of the sled must remain
perpendicular to the travel of the loadcell.
Correct
Incorrect (causes drift)
Incorrect (causes rotation)
There must be full-area contact between the sled sample and the plane bed sample at all
times, and no contact with any fixing tape attaching a sample.
10.4 Sled sample attachment
The purpose of the prescribed sleds by dimension and weight is to provide a consistent
pressure between the two sample surfaces in the contact system being tested. It is
essential, then, that despite any incidental lateral movement of the sled, full surface area
contact is maintained.
For some tests (typically paper and card), the sample is cut to size and stuck to the sled
surface.
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Apply low-tack double-sided adhesive tape
to secure the sample
Sample not set square
card edge projects, area not fully supported
Sample set square
no edge friction, whole sample supported
It is important that residues do not build up on the neoprene so as to create an uneven
surface. Clean carefully with detergent or light application of a ‘sticky stuff’ remover.
For other tests, the sample material is thin enough to wrap around the sled, secured by the
magnetic grips. Wrapping must not lead to unevenness in the contact plane:
good fit
Clamp one end of the film sample
being careful not to handle the contact area
FPT-H1 Operating Manual
bad fit
bad fit
Draw the film into place without stretching,
maintaining alignment with the sled surface
Mecmesin  23
Fold the film under the second magnetic catch
Hold in place and lower the catch
A correctly-prepared sled sample
10.5 Sled linking
Two kinds of link are provided, rigid and elastic. The requirement and use of each is
described in the standards methods sections of this manual.
10.6 Crosshead positions during preset test programs
Preloaded programs use crosshead positions relative to a specific reference position
(referred to as absolute zero). You may need to check, change or reset the absolute zero
position depending on your use of the machine. See section 8 Setting the Absolute Zero
Crosshead Position.
Sample loading position
This is where the crosshead is driven to clear the plane area for attaching and removing
samples, or cleaning.
Test start position
This is where the crosshead is driven in order to attach a link between the sled and the
loadcell, and from which each slide movement begins.
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11. Elements of Friction
The FPT-H1 is designed for daily use of standard coefficient of friction tests for film and
sheet materials. These typically produce figures for static coefficient of friction (the force
overcome to initiate sliding movement) and the kinetic coefficient of friction (the force
resisting continued sliding motion).
Friction is the product of a system, not a material. This may be paper sliding over a
standardised steel surface, or two samples of the same plastic film sliding over each
other. The value for coefficient of friction  is the ratio of the force required to move one
object over another, divided by the normal force applied to press the surfaces together
(mass × acceleration due to gravity):
 =


• F is directly proportional to the applied load. (Amontons’ First Law)
• F is independent of the apparent area of contact. (Amontons’ Second Law)
• Kinetic friction is independent of the sliding velocity. (Coulomb’s Law of Friction)
Static friction (sometimes called stiction) may be measured in a test by itself, or as an
initial peak value in a sliding test from rest, through a sliding distance at a given speed,
back to rest. Kinetic friction is typically measured as an average value over a sliding
distance.
11.1 Practical considerations
Values for the coefficient of friction may seem stable, but can involve very small values
for F, and are affected by environmental conditions of temperature and humidity, which
may exacerbate potential surface changes. Surfaces are also altered by contact that may
abrade, lubricate or polish, or create adhesion (blocking). This includes handling during
sample preparation and mounting, and the amount of time one surface rests on another,
during which volatile additives may accumulate to form a lubricating layer, inks and
coatings may adhere, or where fibres compress to exclude air.
Dwell, or resting time
Some standard test methods include a resting time for the sled on the bed sample, but
where they do not, consistency should nonetheless be maintained.
Applying load for static friction measurement
In measuring the coefficient of friction, care must be taken not to apply an impact as the
initial load is applied so as to affect the static friction value. This can be avoided by using
a less-than-rigid link.
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Stick-slip
An elastic link can cause stick-slip behaviour during measurement of kinetic friction,
where the relative motion between surfaces oscillates with a periodicity:
Where stick-slip is observed, a more rigid sled link should be used.
Sleds may tend to rotate or slew if friction properties across the width of a sample are
variable. This will affect the average values for the coefficient of kinetic friction, but may
have to be accepted as a characteristic of the material under test. Testing in different
orientations can therefore be important.
In practice, surfaces moving in contact may not in any case be uniform, as with printed or
embossed materials, so average values are sought by comparing friction in different
orientations, with samples taken from different positions in a larger sample sheet. The
requirement may simply be to make handling of sheet, or sheet-constructed packaging,
predictable in order to optimise throughput.
11.2 International standard test methods
The most common coefficient of friction tests are provide as preloaded programs. The use
of these is described in the following sections. Please refer to the latest standards
themselves for the precise procedures, requirements and sample preparation for these
test methods.
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12. BS EN ISO 8295, Plastics, Film and Sheeting,
Static and Kinetic Coefficients of Friction
Replaces BS 2782-8 Method 824A
Sled dimensions:
63 mm × 63 mm
Sled weight:
200 g ±2 g
Plane sample dimensions: 200 mm × 80 mm
Linkage type:
Elastic link, unless stick-slip observed when measuring
kinetic friction, in which case use rigid link.
Speed:
100 mm/min ±10 mm/min
Length of slide:
60 mm
Number of samples:
at least 3 sample pairs
Passes per sample:
1, and discard
Coefficient of friction may also be tested between different surfaces (e.g. film against
stainless steel) where the film is applied to the sled. In this case the plane surface must be
cleaned to a standard between tests.
Magnetic catches secure the sample ends
Use an elastic link to pull the sled
12.1 Process for static and kinetic friction (continuous test)
1. Ensure the tester is switched on, the software is running, and the test area is clear.
2. Load the BS EN ISO 8295 library program and press Start. This will move the
crosshead to the sample loading position.
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3. Prepare and attach both samples, and press Resume. This will move the crosshead to
the test start position.
4. Attach the link to the sled pin and place the sled as gently as possible, such that the
link drops into place over the loadcell pin.
5. Press the Start button. Note: this method begins by resting the sled for 15 seconds.
6. When the crosshead stops, the program will indicate that the sample test is complete.
7. Remove the sled and press Resume to clear the crosshead away to the sample loading
position.
8. Discard both samples.
Press Start and repeat the test until at least three sample pairs have been tested.
If you require a report, press the Report button. This can then be saved and/or printed
Press Exit and when prompted, Save the results to file.
12.2 Kinetic (dynamic) friction test when stick-slip is observed
If you observe stick-slip occurring after the static friction point (see page 26), measure
static and kinetic friction with separate samples, using the rigid link for kinetic friction
testing. In each case use only the relevant part of the results.
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13. ASTM D1894 Plastic film and sheeting
Sled dimensions:
63.5 mm × 63.5 mm
Sled weight:
200 g ±5 g
Sled sample dimensions:
63.5 mm × 63.5 mm
Plane sample dimensions: 250 mm × 130 mm (L × W)
Linkage type:
Elastic link, unless stick-slip observed when measuring
kinetic friction, in which case use rigid link.
Speed:
150 mm/min ±30 mm/min
Length of slide:
130 mm
Number of samples:
5 sample pairs
Passes per sample:
1, and discard
Magnetic catches secure the sample ends
Use an elastic link to pull the sled
13.1 Process for static and kinetic friction (continuous test)
1. Ensure the tester is switched on, the console software is running, and the test area is
clear.
2. Load the ASTM D1894 library program and press Start. This will move the crosshead
to the sample loading position.
3. Prepare and attach both samples, and press Resume. This will move the crosshead to
the test start position.
4. Attach the link to the sled pin and place the sled as gently as possible, such that the
link drops into place over the loadcell pin.
5. Press the Start button.
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Note that leaving samples in contact can alter the blocking or lubricating characteristics
and therefore the static friction measurement.
6. When the crosshead stops, the program will indicate that the sample test is complete.
7. Remove the sled and press Resume to clear the crosshead away to the sample loading
position.
8. Discard both samples.
Press Start and repeat the test until five sample pairs have been tested.
If you require a report, press the Report button. This can then be saved and/or printed
Press Exit and when prompted, Save the results to file.
13.2 Kinetic (dynamic) friction test when stick-slip is observed
If you observe stick-slip occurring after the static friction point (see page 26), measure
static and kinetic friction with separate samples, using the rigid link for kinetic friction
testing. In each case use only the relevant part of the results.
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14. TAPPI T 549, Uncoated Writing and Printing
Paper, Static and Kinetic Coefficients of Friction
Sled dimensions:
63.5 mm × 63.5 mm
Sled weight:
200 g ±5 g
Sled sample dimensions:
63.5 mm × 63.5 mm
Plane sample dimensions: 215 mm × 100 mm
Speed:
150 mm/min ±30 mm/min
Length of slide:
130 mm
Number of samples:
5 sample pairs
Passes per sample:
1, and discard
14.1 Process for static and kinetic friction (continuous test)
Observe sampling methods as described and referred to in the TAPPI standards. A rigid
link may be used throughout, except for the lowest friction papers, where an elastic link
may give a more accurate measurement for static friction.
1. Ensure the tester is switched on, the software is running, and the test area is clear.
2. Load the TAPPI T 549 library program and press Start. This will move the crosshead
to the sample loading position.
3. Prepare and attach both samples, and press Resume. This will move the crosshead to
the test start position.
4. Attach the link to the sled pin and place the sled as gently as possible, such that the
link drops into place over the loadcell pin.
5. Press the Start button.
6. When the crosshead stops, the program will indicate that the sample test is complete.
7. Remove the sled and press Resume to clear the crosshead away to the sample loading
position.
8. Discard both samples.
Press Start and repeat the test until five sample pairs have been tested.
If you require a report, press the Report button. This can then be saved and/or printed
Press Exit and when prompted, Save the results to file.
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15. BS ISO 15359, Paper and Board, Static and
Kinetic Coefficients of Friction
Required fixtures:
Sled raising and lowering rails (lifter mechanism is a
factory installed option)
Sled dimensions:
60 mm × 60 mm ±5 mm
Sled weight:
800 g ±100 g
Plane sample dimensions: ≥ 60 mm × ≥ 70 mm + gripping length
Speed:
1200 mm/min ±120 mm/min
Number of samples:
6, two test methods for static only, or static and kinetic
15.1 Attaching the sled-lift rails
The rails have captive screws for attachment, and can be removed for alternative tests.
Secure the first rail; do not overtighten
Secure the second rail, facing
The left-hand limit stop must be positioned to prevent any possible collision between the
loadcell and the sled-lifting rails:
limit stop
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Securing samples to the sled
Samples may be attached using low-tack double-sided tape or adhesive (see Section 10.4,
Sled sample attachment). This must not leave a raised profile in the surface. Be especially
careful to apply the cut sample square-on, so that edges do not protrude to touch the
guide rails:
indentations locate
with sled lifter
15.2 Static friction at first slide (BS ISO 15359, section 9.2)
Take 6 sample pairs, measure static friction only for each and discard. Use the non-rigid
link provided. Follow the on-screen prompts.
For each sample pair:
1. Ensure the tester is switched on and the console software is running.
2. Load the library program and press Start. This raises the rails and sends the crosshead
to the sample loading position.
3. Secure your prepared samples and position the sled on the four locating pins.
4. Press Resume. This sends the crosshead to the test starting position.
5. Link the sled to the loadcell.
6. Press Resume. This lowers the sled lift, rests it for 2 seconds, then slides it for 75 mm.
7. Remove the link and sled, discard the samples.
15.3 Static coefficient of friction at the first slide, static and
kinetic at the third slide (BS ISO 15359, section 9.3)
Take 6 sample pairs, for each pair take three consecutive sets of measurements and
discard. The supplied non-rigid link is suitable for damping the initial load.
Should you observe stick-slip (see page 26) within the measurement of kinetic friction,
the rigid link should be used for measuring kinetic friction as a separate test, taking
values for the third slides only.
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For each sample pair:
1. Ensure the tester is switched on and the software is running.
2. Load the library program and press Start. This raises the sled lift and sends the
crosshead to the sample loading position.
3. Secure your prepared samples and position the sled on the four locating pins.
4. Press Resume. This sends the crosshead to the test starting position.
5. Link the sled to the loadcell.
6. Press Resume. This lowers the sled lift, rests it for 2 seconds, then slides it for 75 mm,
raising the sled at the end.
7. Remove the link and replace the sled back on the locating pins.
8. Press Resume. This returns the crosshead to the test start position.
9. Link the sled and loadcell and press Resume. The test is repeated.
10. After three slides the test ends. Remove the sled and discard the samples.
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16. Fixtures for Peel and Tear Testing
The FPT-H1 can be fitted for alternative tests. Basic fixtures are included with the tester:
Friction sample
spring clamp
8 mm QC fixture
mounting block
Friction test
linkage hook
QC8 posts and
retaining pins
Additional fixtures include:
432-640
Heated platen for coefficient of friction at elevated temperatures
432-636
180 degree peel testing kit
432-670
90 degree assisted-table peel testing kit
432-654
50 mm peel grip (single), rubber-faced jaws, to use in place of the peel hook
432-642
T-peel jig, comprising 2 × 25 mm wide, rubber-faced vice grips
432-625
Lightweight tear grips, comprising 2 × 100 mm wide, rubber-faced vice grips
These enable a variety of peel and tear tests to be done, within the scope of a 10 N or
100 N loadcell, and the travel of the FPT-H1 crosshead.
16.1 Exchanging fixtures
Fixtures on the left-hand end of the FPT-H1 are secured with two cap-head hex-socket
bolts, of a length to suit each fixture. The clamp is only used to secure sheet materials for
friction testing. All other fixtures attach to the mounting block with its 8 mm QC post and
retaining pin.
The friction test linkage hook is removed for the attachment of other grips, by releasing
the thumbwheel and unscrewing the hook. This is then replaced by an 8 mm QC post and
the thumbwheel retightened.
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For both the mounting block and the loadcell, it is important to orient the QC post
correctly before attaching a QC fixture. For example, the same hook is used in 90 and 180
degree peel tests, but in one it is horizontal and the other, vertical. Vice grips are used
also in both orientations, depending on the test to be performed.
Do not twist a fixture attached to loadcell in order to align it.
Release the QC post in the mounting block to change its orientation, before refitting to the FPT-H1.
8 mm QC post
thumbwheel
Release the thumbwheel on the loadcell to change the QC post orientation.
16.2 90 degree peel testing of PSAs
Standards: FINAT 2, AFERA5001, ASTM D3330 (F), ASTM D6252, PSTC 101 (F), BS EN
1939 (Annex B)
When fitting the 90 degree peel fixture (part no. 432-670), it is important that the limit
stops are set to avoid potential damage.
See instruction sheet 431-457, Fitting the FPT-H1 90° peel table.
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90 degree peel testing by delamination
Using the same peel kit, but with a 50 mm vice grip (part no. 432-654) in place of the test
hook (jaw opening vertical), a non-PSA sample can be tested, for example to delaminate
faced cardboard:
The sample is adhered to the sample plate according to the standard used, and a length of
190 mm is recommended when using this fixture. Separate the two layers back to 100 mm
and trim the back layer off.
16.3 180 degree peel testing
Standards: FINAT 1 & 3, Afera 5001, ASTM D3330, BS EN 1939, PSTC 101
Stainless steel (part no. 432-652) or float glass (part no. 432-651) sample plates are
required, depending on the test method being followed. Insert the provided aluminium
spacer plate first, when using stainless steel sample plates.
The 180 degree peel table (part no. 432-636) raises the sample for precise alignment of a
PSA tape test. After fitting the plate and mounted sample, the drawn end of a pressure
sensitive adhesive (PSA) tape is folded under and around the test hook and stuck back on
itself, with the crosshead at its starting position.
For self-adhesive labels, the end can be folded over onto itself, and a 50 mm vice grip
used (part no. 432-654).
For gripping non-adhesive samples (e.g. the release backing for self-adhesive labels, as in
FINAT FTM 3), a 50 mm grip (part no. 432-654) must be used in place of the hook.
A sample length of 280 mm is recommended when using this fixture.
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When the peel test is complete, the crosshead should be restored to the starting position.
When using the hook, remove the QC (quick change) pin, and take the hook from the
loadcell, before removing the PSA sample. This will avoid accidentally overloading a
10 N loadcell.
16.3.1 Safe set-up
1. Position the crosshead to the right end of the FPT-H1 and fit the peel table.
2. Fit the test hook and raise the crosshead so that the hook is above the level of the
table.
3. Bring the crosshead to the left until the test hook is about 10 mm from the end of the
table.
4. Adjust the crosshead down so that the test hook neither raises the sample when
pulled, nor adds friction by pulling down on the table edge:
16.4 T-peel testing
Standard: BS EN 868-5 Annex D
For T-peel testing, two 25 mm vice grips (part no. 432-642) are used with jaws vertically
oriented:
Both vice grip jaws must be adjusted so that both ends of a sample are accurately aligned.
1. Raise the crosshead to its highest limit.
2. Fit the left-hand mounting block with the QC adapter adjusted to insert the pin
vertically.
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3. Fit both vice grips vertically as shown above.
4. Bring the grips close together and align their jaw closing position and height.
16.5 Single-rip ‘trouser’ tear
Standard: ASTM D1938, BS EN ISO 6383-1
For this test type, two 100 mm vice grips are used (part no. 432-650), with jaws horizontal:
The sample perforation or line of tear must be on the central axis of each grip. Adjust
both vice grip jaws and the crosshead height so that they are accurately aligned. The FPTH1 limit stops will need to be set at their widest limits.
1. Raise the crosshead to its highest limit.
2. Fit the left-hand mounting block with the QC adapter adjusted to insert the pin
horizontally.
3. Fit both vice grips horizontally as shown above.
4. Bring the grips close together and align their jaw closing position and height.
For this test, the grips should be set 50 mm apart before securing the sample to start the
test.
16.6 Wing tear tests (Winkelmann / Graves)
Standards: ASTM D1004
Using a pair of vice grips (part no. 432-625 [100 mm] or 432-642 [25 mm]), a wing-type
tear test can be performed up to the 100 N loadcell limit. Adjust the grip jaws as for a tear
test, above, to align the grips:
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17. Loadcell Accuracy Verification
When a loadcell is beyond its calibration date, this will be indicated when you switch the
system on. It should be returned to Mecmesin or your distributor, for recalibration. You
can also periodically check your loadcell’s accuracy, using the optional loadcell accuracy
verification kit (part no. 432-635), with appropriate masses for a 10 N or 100 N loadcell.
Note that calibrated masses are certified at a given geographical location with a specific
gravitational value of g. Divide the mass by this value of g and multiply by your local value
of g, to obtain a true mass value. (Internet sources for values of g may not be reliable.)
example: 5 N ÷ 9.82 m/s2 (as calibrated) × 9.79 m/s2 (local) = 4.98 N local mass value
pulley bracket
mass hanger
Level the line horizontally …
… and align centrally
17.1 Method
Take care not to overload the loadcell. Only use a mass hanger and masses,
with a total mass below the overload capacity of the loadcell.
• Clamp the pulley bracket to the bench end.
• Position the crosshead towards the left side of its travel.
• Raise the loadcell to its upper stop position.
• Attach the loop of the line to a loadcell link pin (coefficient of friction fixture) and
draw the line over the nylon pulley.
• Attach the other end of the line to the mass hanger.
• Level the line horizontally over the end of the tester, by adjusting the pulley bracket.
• Position tester and bracket so that the line runs over the centre of the spring grip.
• Zero (tare) the load via the Emperor software.
• Carefully add a calibrated slotted mass or masses of 5 N (for the 10 N loadcell) or 50 N
(for the 100 N loadcell).
• Verify that the load measurement on the console is within 0.1% of the total applied load.
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18. Installing Emperor Software on a PC (FPT-H1-i)
This section applies to users of the FPT-H1-i model, without the touch-screen console,
driven by Emperor™ software installed on a separate PC (not supplied).
18.1 Minimum system requirements
The minimum specification for the Windows PC is 2 GB RAM and 60 GB free space on the
hard drive, running Windows™ XP Pro with SP1, or above. A CD drive is required for
installation. At least one USB port or RS232 port are required for connecting to the system.
Note: Emperor software is not available for Linux or Mac OS X operating systems.
18.2 Access to data folders
Emperor will need access to certain folders listed below. Before installing the program,
please make sure that read and write access is granted for these folders. In particular if
the computer is part of a centrally controlled Windows Domain system, it may be
necessary to consult with your IT department to allow correct access to these locations.
Windows XP User Data location
Emperor Force
C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Mecmesin\Emperor\Force
Windows Vista or Windows 7 and 8 User Data location
Emperor Force
C:\ProgramData\Mecmesin\Emperor\Force
All Windows versions Program files location
Emperor Force
C:\Program Files\Emperor\Force
Insert the Emperor CD; Emperor should start automatically and ask if you wish to
proceed with the installation of the software, and perform a custom installation to include
FPT-H1 test library programs.
If the installation program does not start automatically or if you have other problems:
• On your computer desktop click the shortcut to ‘My Computer’
• Click on the CD drive that contains the Emperor software CD
• Navigate to the Emperor folder
• Right click on the Set-up.exe file, and Run as Administrator
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Emperor will begin the process of installing the program onto your hard-drive. Follow
the instructions, and accept the license agreement. You can choose which languages are
installed: English only, all languages, or custom, so you can select languages you need.
18.3 Start Emperor
Start the program by using the Emperor icon that was installed on your computer
desktop—the splash screen is displayed.
Emperor software provides two levels of user, and a password is used to restrict access to
either a simple choice of pre-defined tests or some limited functions, or to give access to
the full capabilities of the Emperor system.
Operators can select from tests that are pre-defined, and for which reports have already
been written, and some functions that can be assigned to each user account.
Masters have full access to all the functions of the Emperor system. The master user has
control over which users are operators and masters.
Logon with a Master level username and password. If this is the first time you have
started the program, you can use:
Default Username:
supervisor
Default Password:
supervisor
Note: both the username and password are case-sensitive.
On the Operating Mode selection screen, click on Programmed Testing
programming access, or Console Mode to use as described in this manual.
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for full
Mecmesin  43
This will start Emperor, and you can set your system preferences, user accounts, create
and run test programs, review results, perform calculations for analysis, produce test
reports and export data for use elsewhere. For full details, see the manual: Emperor
Programming for Mecmesin Test Systems (Part no. 431-382).
18.4 Emperor file locations
Should you need to copy, move or reload any of the supplied files, this is where files go
by default:
Programs
C:\ProgramData\Mecmesin\Emperor\Force\Library
Results
C:\ProgramData\Mecmesin\Emperor\Force\Results
Report templates
C:\ProgramData\Mecmesin\Emperor\Force\Templates
File locations can also be customised in Setup > System Setup > [File Locations].
Favourite program bitmap images
Favourite program images can be attached to your programs when saving as favourites,
by selection from:
C:\ProgramData\Mecmesin\Emperor\Force\Favourites
This location cannot be changed.
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19. Creating Test Programs
You can program your FPT-H1 for many kinds of tensile or compression tests, with
suitable fixtures, using the full scope of the Emperor™ software.
Refer to manual 431-382 Emperor™ Force and Torque Testing Software: Operator Manual for
writing full programs.
Refer to manual 431-389 Emperor™ Programming for Mecmesin-xt Force and Torque Test
Systems for writing or editing simpler console-mode test programs.
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20. Specification
Load measurement
Loadcell range
10 N, 100 N (2.2 lbf, 22.5 lbf). Contact Mecmesin for other loadcell capacities.
Load resolution
1:6500
Load accuracy
0.1% of full scale output
Speed
Speed, continuously variable
0.016 mm/s
(1.0 mm/min) or (0.039 in/min)
Speed accuracy
0.2% of indicated
to
20 mm/s
(1200 mm/min) or (47.2 in/s) *
Test area
Sled lowering rate
3.0 mm/s ±2.0 mm/s (0.12 in/s ±0.079 in/s)
Crosshead height adjustment
30 mm (1.18")
Max. crosshead travel
275 mm (10.8")
Test surface
Stainless steel 304
Dimensions
Height
226 mm (8.9") [console + 293 mm (11.5")]
Width
914 mm (36.0")
Depth
415 mm (16.3")
Weight
29.3 kg (64.6 lb) [25.6 kg (56.4 lb) without console]
Communications
Digital I/O
6 input, 6 output
Ports
RS232 and USB
Network communications (FPT-H1-xt)
RJ45
USB for external wireless connectivity
Power requirement
Maximum power consumption
120 W
Supply voltage
230 V AC 50 Hz, or 110 V AC 60 Hz
Pneumatic connections (optional extra)
Crosshead
4 mm, 8 bar max. (116 psi)
Fixed
4 mm, 8 bar max. (116 psi)
Environment
Recommended temperature range
+10° to +35° C (50° to 95°F)
Noise emissions
Less than 70 dbA
* where mains voltage is unreliable (significantly under voltage) the machine may not run above
1000 mm/min
Mecmesin reserves the right to alter equipment specifications without prior notice. E & OE
46  Mecmesin
FPT-H1 Operating Manual
21. Declaration of Conformance
FPT-H1 Operating Manual
Mecmesin  47
48  Mecmesin
FPT-H1 Operating Manual
Microsoft® Windows® Embedded Standard 7
Licensing
Each -xt system supplied with a console controller has Microsoft® Windows® Embedded
Standard 7 Operating System pre-installed and licensed by Mecmesin. Each console is
supplied with the following as proof of licensing:
• End User License Agreement (EULA)
• Certificate of Authentication (COA)
End User License Agreement (EULA)
A multi-language EULA is enclosed with each system.
Certificate of Authentication (COA)
The COA is supplied as a sticker located on the rear of each console supplied with a
system, as proof of licensing.
This COA sticker lists the following:
• Microsoft® product title
• COA serial number
• Microsoft® SKU (stock keeping unit) number
Microsoft® Product Title
COA Serial Number
Microsoft® SKU#
Figure 1: Certificate of Authentication
FPT-H1 Operating Manual
Mecmesin  49
Index
A
absolute zero position, 17
ASTM D1894, 29
B
basic fixtures, 35
blocking, 25
BS EN ISO 8295, 27
C
changing loadcells, 10
crosshead height adjustment, 11
D
data and power connections, FPT-H1-xt, 7
links, rigid and elastic, 9
loadcell accuracy check kit, 41
logon, 14
M
minimum specification, 42
mouse, 16
P
peel and tear tests, 35
print report, 21
programming manual, 15
programs, setting favourites, 19
programs, writing, 45
R
emergency stop, 10
Emperor™ software (FPT-H1-i), 42
rear panel connections, 5
results display, 20
results, exporting, 21
results, saving, 21
running programs, 20
F
S
file locations, 44
graph display, 20
sample loading position, 24
sled sample attachment, 22
sleds, 9
starting Emperor, 14
stick-slip, 26, 28, 30
I
T
ISO 15359, 32
K
TAPPI T549, 31
tear testing, 39
test programs, supplied, 19
test stand status
warning message, 12
test start position, 24
keyboard, 15
U
L
user accounts, 14
E
G
J
jog buttons, 10
limit stops, 12
50  Mecmesin
FPT-H1 Operating Manual
FPT-H1 Operating Manual
Mecmesin  51
52  Mecmesin
FPT-H1 Operating Manual
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