Office Ergonomics - Grand Valley State University

Office Ergonomics
Grand Valley State University
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Occupational Safety and Health Program
Why Office Ergonomics?
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
The average worker will
spend 80,000 hours in
their office environment.

Ease of physical and
mental discomforts.

Increased ease and
effectiveness
Office Ergonomics Agenda
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Positioning of the Chair
Keyboard and Input Device Arrangement
Work Surface and General Housekeeping
Environmental Concerns
Work Conditioning
Office Ergonomics – Chair
Proper adjustment - seat height
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Feet Flat
Proper positioning - seat pan
Proper Height
Footrest (if needed)
Office Ergonomics – Chair
Improper Lumbar Support &
Back Rest Support Adjustment
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Proper Lumbar Support &
Back Rest Support Adjustment
Office Ergonomics - Chair
Arm rest height – elbows close to
side, (70-90 degrees to body)
70-90
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Position close to work surface
Office Ergonomics – Input Devices
Sit Directly in front
Locate at or just above waist level
Moveable/adjustable
Height should allow wrist to be in
neutral position
Locate mouse adjacent to keyboard
on comfortable side
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Height should allow wrist to be in
neutral position
Office Ergonomics – Work Surface
Legs fit comfortably beneath the desk
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Office Ergonomics – Work Surface
Avoid clutter (copyholders, etc)
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Use document holders when possible
Office Ergonomics - Environment
Correct amount of color and contrast of light
Reduce (optimally eliminate) glare
Task lighting (e.g. desk lamp, monitor light)
Blink often to keep eyes moist
Adjust gaze every 15 minutes by focusing on object at least 20 ft away
Relax eyes before they become fatigued
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Non-optimal
lighting
conditions
Better
lighting
conditions
Office Ergonomics – Work Conditioning
Sit straight
Keep shoulders down with chest wide
Knees level or slightly lower than hips, shoulder width apart.
Lower back and total back support
Keep neck in neutral position not bent down
Frequently stand and stretch before fatigue occurs
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Ideal Office Configuration
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