400 Series Portable pH/Conductivity Meter Instruction Manual

400 Series Portable pH/Conductivity Meter
Instruction Manual
PH400 Portable pH Meter
EC400 Portable Conductivity Meter
PC400 Portable pH/Conductivity Meter
APERA INSTRUMENTS, LLC
www.aperainst.com
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Table of Contents
1 Brief Introduction ....................................................................................................................................... - 3 Measuring Parameters...................................................................................................................... - 3 Features and Functions .................................................................................................................... - 3 Features in pH Measurement ........................................................................................................... - 3 Features in Conductivity Measurement ............................................................................................ - 3 2
Technical Specifications ............................................................................................................................ - 4 Parameter Specifications .................................................................................................................. - 4 Other Specifications .......................................................................................................................... - 4 -
3
Instrument Description .............................................................................................................................. - 5 -
4
pH Measurement ...................................................................................................................................... - 7 Information regarding the pH Electrode............................................................................................ - 7 Information regarding pH Calibration ................................................................................................ - 7 pH Calibration (Take 3-point calibration as an example) .................................................................. - 9 Sample Measurement ..................................................................................................................... - 10 Maintenance of the pH Electrode ................................................................................................... - 11 -
5
mV Measurement .................................................................................................................................... - 12 ORP measurement ......................................................................................................................... - 12 Notes on ORP measurement .......................................................................................................... - 12 -
6
Conductivity Measurement ..................................................................................................................... - 13 Information regarding the Conductivity Electrode .......................................................................... - 13 Information regarding Conductivity Calibration .............................................................................. - 13 Conductivity Calibration .................................................................................................................. - 15 TDS, Salinity, Resistivity & Conductivity ......................................................................................... - 15 Sample test ..................................................................................................................................... - 16 Maintenance of the Conductivity Electrode .................................................................................... - 16 -
7
Parameter Setting ................................................................................................................................... - 17 -
8
Complete Kit............................................................................................................................................ - 21 -
9
Warranty .................................................................................................................................................. - 21 -
10
Appendix 1: Table of Parameter Setting and Factory Default Setting ................................................ - 22 -
11
Appendix 2: Icons and Abbreviation ................................................................................................... - 22 -
12
Appendix 3: Table of Self-Diagnosis ................................................................................................... - 23 -
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1
BRIEF INTRODUCTI ON
Thank you for purchasing Apera Instruments 400 Series Portable pH/Conductivity Meters. Before using the product,
please read this manual carefully to help you properly use and maintain the product. For technical support, please
contact us at info@aperainst.com or +1 (614)-285-3080
Apera Instruments reserves the right to update the content of this manual without giving prior notices.
Measuring Parameters
Measuring Parameters
PH400
pH/mV
√
EC400
Conductivity/TDS
Temperature
√
PC400
√
√
√
√
√
Features and Functions
•
The built-in microprocessor chip enables advanced functions such as auto calibration, auto temperature
compensation, auto electrode recognition, parameter setting, self-diagnosis, calibration reminder, calibration
time check, auto power-off, low-battery reminder, etc.
•
The meter adopts advanced digital processing technology, intelligently improves the response time and
accuracy of the measurements. Stable reading and auto lock display mode are available for choice.
•
Comes with a carrying case, which includes the meter, the electrode(s), calibration solutions, and other
accessories, convenient for in-field use.
•
Meets IP57 Waterproof and dustproof rating, ideal for use under harsh environment.
Features in pH Measurement (for PH400 and PC400)
•
1 to 3 points auto calibration with calibration guide and self-diagnosis function.
•
Automatic recognition of calibration solutions. Two series of standard solutions for choice: USA and NIST
Features in Conductivity Measurement (for EC400 and PC400)
•
1 to 4 points auto calibration with calibration guide and auto-check function.
•
Single-tap switch between conductivity and TDS.
•
Automatic recognition of conductivity calibration solutions.
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2
TECHNI C AL SPECIFIC AT IONS
Parameter Specifications
Technical Parameters
pH
mV
Conductivity
Temperature
Measuring
Range
(0 to 14.00) pH
Resolution
0.01 pH
Accuracy
±0.01 pH ±1 digit
Temperature
Compensation
Range
(0 to 100) °C, Automatic or Manual
Measuring
Range
-1000 mV to 0 to 1000 mV
Resolution
1 mV
Accuracy
±0.2% F.S ±1 digit
Measuring
Range
Conductivity: 0 to 200 mS/cm, including 5 ranges:
(0.00 to 19.99) μS/cm, (20.0 to 199.9) μS/cm, (200 to 1999)
μS/cm, (2.00 to 19.99) mS/cm, (20.0 to 199.9) mS/cm
TDS: (0 to 100) g/L, including 5 ranges:
(0.00 to 9.99) mg/L, (10.0 to 99.9) mg/L, (100 to 999) mg/L,
(1.00 to 9.99) g/L, (10.0 to 100.0) g/L
Resolution
0.01/0.1/1 μS/cm, 0.01/0.1 mS/cm
Accuracy
±1.0% F.S ±1 digit
Temperature
Compensation
Range
(0 to 50) ℃, Automatic or Manual
Electrode
Constant
0.1 / 1 / 10 cm-1
Measuring
Range
0 to 100℃
Resolution
0.1℃
Accuracy
±0.5℃ ±1 digit
Other Specifications
Power Supply
AA Batteries *4 (1.5V*4)
IP Rating
IP57 Waterproof and Dustproof
Dimensions and
Weight
Meter: (3.4×7.7×1.3) inches / 12 oz.
With case: (14×11×3) inches / 3.5 lbs.
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Applicable
Models
PH400
PC400
EC400
PC400
PH400
EC400
PC400
3
INSTRUMENT DESCRIPTI ON
LCD Display
① — Measuring parameters
② — Measuring value
③ — Reminder icons
④ — Measurement unit
⑤ — Temperature unit
⑥ — Measuring unit in calibration
⑦ — Calibration value, numberings of data storage, and reminder icons
⑧ — Temperature and reminder icons
⑨ — ATC—Auto Temperature Compensation; MTC— Manual Temperature Compensation
⑩ — Stable reading icon
⑪ — Completed calibration icons
⑫ — Auto-Lock reading mode
⑬ — Low battery reminder. Please replace batteries when this icon is displayed.
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Keypad
Figure-1
3.2.1 Short Press — <1.5 s;Long Press — >1.5 s 。
3.2.2 Power On: Short press
to power on: LCD displays the measuring mode used last time (Backlight turned
on for 1 minute).
3.2.3 Power Off: The meter can only be turned off in measuring mode by short pressing
Special Notes: Pressing
Users need to press
in calibration mode or parameter setting mode will NOT turn the meter off.
first to go back to measuring mode, and then press
to power off.
Table- 1 Keypad Operation and Functions
Keypad
Operation
Functions
•
Short Press
Power on/off
Choose measuring mode:
•
Short Press
•
•
PC400 pH/Cond. Meter:
•
•
Short Press
→
→
→
→
Enter parameter setting
Cancel any operation and enter measurement mode
•
Long Press
•
→
EC400 Conductivity Meter:
Long Press
Short Press
PH400 pH Meter:
Enter calibration mode
In measurement mode: press to turn on/off the backlight
• In calibration mode: press to calibrate
• In parameter setting mode: press to confirm choice
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•
Short Press
or Long
Press
•
In manual temperature compensation (MTC) mode: Short press to adjust
temperature, long press to adjust swiftly.
In parameter setting mode: press to change the numbering of parameters
in main menu and sub-menu.
• In sub-menu, press to change parameters and settings.
Connectors
The meter adopts 8-pin connector, into which pH, ORP, and conductivity electrode can be connected. When
connected, the meter will automatically switch to the correspondent measurement mode.
Display Mode
3.4.1 Stable Reading Display Mode
When the measuring value is stable, the screen displays
Figure-2. If
as shown in
does not appear or is flashing, that means the measuring
value has not been stable. Users should wait for the smiley face and not
Figure-2
record the readings or conduct calibrations at that moment.
3.4.2 Auto-Lock Display Mode
In parameter setting P4.6, select “On” to turn on the auto-lock display mode,
In which the reading will be automatically locked after the measuring value
has been stable for more than 10 seconds, and the HOLD icon will come up
as shown in Figure-3. Short press
4
to cancel the hold.
Figure-3
pH ME ASUREM ENT
Information regarding the pH Electrode
The instrument is equipped with a 201T-S 3-in-1 Combination pH Electrode. Its built-in temperature sensor allows
for auto. temperature compensation. There is a vial stored with 3M KCL storage solution on top of the electrode.
Before using, loosen the cap of the vial, take out the electrode and rinse it in distilled water and then do measurement.
When not in use, place the electrode back to the vial and tighten the cap so that the pH sensor can be stored in the
best condition. When the pH electrode is dipped into the test sample solution, stir it for a few seconds to remove
potential air bubbles inside the probe to help the measurement get stabilized quickly.
When connecting the electrode into the instrument, please slowly rotate the connector, identify the location of the
mount to insert it, and then screw it on. Please note that do not pull on the cables in case of poor contact.
Please keep the connector clean and dry. For detailed information of the electrode’s maintenance, please refer to
section 4.5.
Information regarding pH Calibration
4.2.1 Standard Buffer Solutions
The instrument adopts two series of standard buffer solutions: USA and NIST as shown in Table-2. Users can select
which one to use in P1.1 (refer to section 7.3).
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Table-2
pH Standard Calibration Solution Series
Calibration Icons
3-point
calibration
USA Series
NIST Series
4.00 pH
4.01 pH
7.00 pH
6.86 pH
10.01pH
9.18 pH
4.2.2 pH Calibration Modes
The instrument has 1 to 3 points auto calibration mode. The 1st point must be 7.00 pH (or 6.86 if using NIST). Then
choose other calibration solutions to conduct 2 nd and 3rd points (see Table-3 for details). In the process of calibration,
the meter will display the electrode’s slope in acid and alkaline ranges.
Table-3 3-point Calibration Mode
NIS
7.00 pH
6.86 pH
accuracy≤ ±0.1 pH
7.00 pH and
4.00/1.68 pH
7.00 pH and 10.01
pH
7.00pH, 4.00/
1.68 pH and 10.01
pH
6.86 pH and
4.01/1.68 pH
6.86 pH and 9.18
pH
Measuring range: 0 to 7.00
pH
1-Point
Calibration
2-Point
Calibration
3-Point
Calibration
Calibration
icon
USA
6.86pH, 4.01/
1.68pH, 9.18 pH
When to adopt
Measuring range: >7.00 pH
Wide measuring range
4.2.3 How often to calibrate
The frequency that you need to calibrate your meter depends on the tested samples, performace of electrodes,
and the requirement of the accuracy. For High-Accuracy measurements (≤ ±0.02pH), the meter should be
calibrated before test every time; For ordinary-accuracy Measurements (≥±0.1pH), once calibrated, the meter
can be used for about a week or longer. In the following cases, the meter must be re-calibrated:
a) The electrode hasn’t been used for a long time or the electrode is brand new.
b) After measuring strong acid (pH<2) or strong base (pH>12) solutions.
c) After measuring fluoride-containing solution and strong organic solution
d) There is a big difference between the temperature of the test sample and the temperature of the buffer
solution that is used in the last calibration.
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pH Calibration (Take 3-point calibration as an example)
4.3.1 Press
to enter calibration mode. CAL1 icon will flash in the upper right
corner of the LCD. 7.00 pH will flash in the lower right corner of the LCD,
reminding you to use pH 7.00 buffer to conduct 1st point of calibration.
4.3.2 Use distilled water to rinse off electrode and then dry it. Dip it into pH 7.00
buffer solution, stir gently and let it stand still and wait for the reading to become
stable. In the lower right corner of LCD, the process of auto recognizing the buffer
solution will be displayed. Pressing
before the buffer is recognized will
generate Er2 (please refer to table 6).
4.3.3 When the meter locks 7.00 pH,
displays on LCD. Press
key to
calibrate the meter. End icon appears after calibration is done. The 1st point
calibration is finished. In the meanwhile, CAL2 will flash at the upper right corner,
and 4.00 pH & 10.01 pH will flash alternately at the bottom right, indicating using
pH 4.00 or pH 10.01 buffer solution to make the 2nd point calibration.
4.3.4 Take out pH electrode, rinse it in distilled water, dry it, and dip it into pH
4.00 buffer solution. Stir the solution gently and let stand still in the buffer solution
until a stable reading is reached. The meter’s display will show the recognition
process of calibration buffer solution at the lower right of LCD. When the meter
recognizes 4.00 pH,
displays on LCD. Press
key to calibrate the
meter. End icon and electrode slope of acidity range display after calibration is
done. In the meanwhile, CL3 will flash at the upper right corner of the LCD, and
10.01 pH will flash at the lower right, indicating using pH10.01 buffer solution to
make the 3rd point calibration.
4.3.5 Take out pH electrode, rinse it in distilled water, dry it, and dip it into pH
10.01 buffer solution. Stir the solution gently and let it stand still in the buffer
solution until a stable reading is reached. The meter’s display will show
recognition process of calibration buffer solution at the bottom right of LCD. When
the meter recognizes 10.01 pH,
displays on LCD. Press
key to
calibrate the meter. End icon and electrode slope of alkalinity range display after
calibration is done. The meter returns to the measurement mode, displays stable
Figure-8
measuring value and calibration guide icons. Please see Figure-4 for the above
calibration process.
During the calibration process, press
key to exit from the calibration mode.
Correspondent calibration guide icons will appear on the LCD.
Figure-4
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Sample Measurement
4.4.1 Rinse the pH electrode in distilled water, dry it, and dip it into sample solution. Stir the solution gently and
let it stand still in the sample solution until
icon appears and stays on LCD, get the pH reading, which is
pH value of sample solution, please refer to Figure-5 for calibration and measurement process of the pH meter.
Figure-5 Calibration and measurement process of pH meter
Press
to
turn on the
meter.
Press
key to
enter the
calibration mode.
Submerge the
electrode in pH7.00
After the 1st point
calibration is done,
solution, press
key when icon
appears.
press
key to
enter the
measurement mode.
Submerge the
electrode in pH4.00
After the 2nd point
2 nd point
calibration is done,
calibration
press
key to
enter the
measurement mode.
solution, press
key when
appears.
Submerge the
electrode in
pH10.01 solution,
press
key when
icon appears.
4.4.2 Self-Diagnosis Information
After the 3rd point
calibration is done,
the meter enters the
measurement mode
automatically.
1 st point
calibration
Sample
Test
3rdpoint
calibration
Table – 4 Self-diagnosis information
Display
Icons
Contents
How to fix
1.Check whether pH buffer solution is correct.
Wrong pH buffer solution or the buffer 2.Check whether the meter connects the electrode
solution out of range.
properly.
3.Check whether the electrode is damaged.
Press
when measuring value is not
stable during calibration.
During calibration, the measuring value
being unstable for over 3 minutes
pH electrode zero electric potential out
of range(<-60mV or >60mV)
pH electrode slope out of range
(<85% or >110%)
Press
key when
icon appears and stays.
1.Check whether there are air bubbles in the glass
bulb. To remove the air bubble, hold the electrode
firmly and flick the electrode in a downward motion
for several times.
2.Replace with a new pH electrode.
1.Check whether there are air bubbles in the glass
bulb. To remove the air bubble, hold the electrode
firmly and flick the electrode in a downward motion
for several times.
2.Check whether pH buffer solution is correct.
3.Replace with new pH electrode.
4.4.3 pH isothermal measurement principle
According to the pH isothermal measurement principle, the closer the test sample’s temperature is to the calibration
solution’s, the higher the accuracy of the measurement. So this principle is recommended to follow when conducting
tests.
4.4.4 Restore to factory default
The instrument has a function to return to factory default setting, which can be set up in P1.2 (refer to section 7.3).
- 10 -
Returning to factory default setting is to restore the meter to the theoretical value (zero potential pH is 7.00, slope is
100%), and set all the parameters to default settings (see appendix 1). When the meter’s calibration or measurement
is performing abnormally, users can use this function to let the meter return to factory default mode, and conduct
calibration and then test again. Please note that this function is irreversible once used.
Maintenance of the pH Electrode
4.5.1. Daily maintenance
The soaking solution contained in the supplied protective vial is used to maintain the sensitivity of the glass bulb and
junction. Loosen the cap, remove the electrode and rinse in distilled water before taking a measurement. Insert the
electrode and tighten the cap after measurements to prevent the reference solution from leaking. If the soaking
solution is turbid or moldy, replace it with 3M KCL solution. (SKU: AI1107). Soaking the probe in other brands’ storage
solution could potentially cause damage to the probe.
The electrode should NOT be soaked in pure or distilled water, protein solution or acid fluoride solution. In addition,
do not soak the electrode in organic lipids.
4.5.2. Calibration buffer solution
For calibration accuracy, the pH of the standard buffer solution must be reliable. The buffer solution should be
refreshed often, especially after heavy use. We recommend 10-15 times of use before replacing the pH buffers.
4.5.3 Protect glass bulb
The sensitive glass bulb at the front of the combination electrode should not come in contact with hard surfaces.
Scratches or cracks on the electrode will cause inaccurate readings. Before and after each measurement, the
electrode should be rinsed with distilled water. If a sample sticks to the electrode or it’s contaminated, the electrode
should be thoroughly cleaned using a soft brush and then rinsed with distilled water. After that, soak it in the 3M KCL
(SKU: AI1107) solution again for 6 hours.
4.5.4 Renew glass bulb
Electrodes that have been used over a long period will become aged. Soak the electrode in 0.1mol/L hydrochloric
acid for 24 hours, then wash the electrode in distilled water, then soak it in 3M KCL (SKU: AI1107) storage solution
for 24 hours.
The method to prepare 0.1mol/L hydrochloric acid: dilute 9mL hydrochloric acid in distilled water to 1000mL.
For serious passivation, dip the bulb in 4% HF (hydrofluoric acid) for 3-5 seconds, and wash it in
distilled water, then soak it in the 3M KCL storage solution (SKU: AI1107) for 24 hours to renew it.
4.5.5. Clean contaminated glass bulb and junction (please refer to Table-5)
Table-5 Clean contaminated glass bulb and junction
Contamination
Cleaning Solutions
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Inorganic metal oxide
Dilute acid less than 1mol/L
Organic lipid
Dilute detergent (weak alkaline)
Resin macromolecule
Dilute alcohol, acetone, ether
Proteinic haematocyte sediment
Acidic enzymatic solution (saccharated yeast tablets)
Paints
Dilute bleacher, peroxide
Notes:
1) The instruments will NOT give accurate and stable pH readings when measuring distilled or
deionized water. This because distilled and deionized water do not have enough ions present
for the electrode to function properly. To measure distilled or deionized water’s pH, users
need to use a specialized electrode. Contact us for more details.
2) The electrode housing is polycarbonate. When using cleaning solutions, take cautions on
carbon tetrachloride, trichlorethylene, tetrahydrofuran, acetone, etc., which will dissolve the
housing and invalidate the electrode.
5
mV ME ASUREMENT
ORP measurement
Press
key, and switch the meter to mV measurement mode. Connect ORP electrode (the 301Pt-S combination
ORP electrode is sold separately) and dip it in sample solution, stir the solution briefly and allow it to stay in the
solution until
icon appears and get the reading.
ORP means Oxidation Reduction Potential. The unit is mV.
Notes on ORP measurement
5.2.1 ORP measurement does not require calibration. When the user is not sure about ORP electrode quality or
measuring value, use ORP standard solution to test mV value and see whether ORP electrode or meter works
properly. Table-6 is the data of standard ORP solution for 222 mV.
°C
mV
10
242
15
235
20
227
Table-6
25
222
30
215
35
209
38
205
40
201
5.2.2 Clean and activate ORP electrode
After the electrode has been used over a long period of time, the platinum surface will get polluted which causes
inaccurate measurement and slow response. Please refer to the following methods to clean and activate ORP
- 12 -
electrode:
(a) For inorganic pollutant, soak the electrode in 0.1mol/L dilute hydrochloric acid for 30 minutes, then wash it in
distilled water, then soak it in the 3M KCL storage solution for 6 hours.
(b) For organic or lipid pollutant, clean the platinum surface with detergent, then wash it in distilled water, then soak
it in the 3M KCL storage solution for 6 hours.
(c) For heavily polluted platinum surface on which there is oxidation film, polish the platinum surface with toothpaste,
then wash it in distilled water, then soak it in the 3M KCL storage solution for 6 hours.
6
CONDUCTI VI TY MEASURE MENT
Information regarding the Conductivity Electrode
6.1.1. Conductivity electrode
Model 2301T-S plastic conductivity electrode with constant K=1.0 and built-in temperature sensor, can realize
automatic temperature compensation. The electrode housing is POM plastic which is corrosion resistant and
impact resistant. When dipping the conductivity electrode in solution, stir the solution briefly to eliminate the air
bubbles and improve response and stability.
6.1.2. Conductivity electrode constant
The meter matches conductivity electrodes of three constants: K=0.1, K=1.0 and K=10.0. Please refer to table7 for measuring range. Set constant in parameter setting P2.1 and refer to section 7.4
Table– 7 Electrode constant and measuring range
Range
<20 μS/cm
0.5 μS/cm to 100 mS/cm
>100mS/cm
Conductivity
electrode
constant
K=0.1 cm-1
K=1.0 cm-1
K=10 cm-1
Standard solution
84μS/cm
Electrode’s model
DJS-0.1T-S
84 μS/cm
1413 μS/cm
2301T-S
12.88 mS/cm
111.9 mS/cm
2310T-S
Note: When testing ultra-pure water with conductivity less than 1.0 μS/cm, a flow test should be conducted in a flow
cell.
6.1.3 When connecting the electrode, please rotate slowly to identify the location of the mount before plugging in.
The nut on the connector should be screwed on tightly. Once the conductivity electrode is connected, the meter will
automatically switch to conductivity mode (no need to switch manually). Please do not pull the cable in case of poor
contact. Make sure the connector is clean and dry. See more information regarding the conductivity electrode’s
maintenance in section 6.6.
Information regarding Conductivity Calibration
6.2.1 Conductivity Standard Calibration Solutions
The meter uses conductivity standard solution of 84 μS/cm, 1413 μS/cm, 12.88 mS/cm and 111.8 mS/cm. The
meter can recognize the standard solution automatically, and can perform 1 to 4 points of calibration. The
calibration indication icons correspond to the four standard values as shown in Table-8.
- 13 -
Table-8 Conductivity Calibration Solutions
Calibration Icons
Calibration Solutions
84 μS/cm
1413 μS/cm
12.88 mS/cm
111.8 mS/cm
6.2.2. How often to calibrate
(a) The meter has been calibrated before leaving the factory and can generally be used right out of the box.
(b) Normally perform calibration once per month.
(c) For high accuracy measurements or large temperature deviation from the reference temperature (25°C), perform
calibration once per week.
(d) Use conductivity standard solution to check whether there is error. Perform calibration if error is large.
(e) For new electrode or the meter has been set to factory default, perform 3-point or 4-point calibration. For general
use, choose standard solutions that are closer to the sample solution to perform 1-point or 2-point calibration.
6.2.3. Reference Temperature
The factory default setting for reference temperature is 25℃. The reference temperature can be set from 15℃ to
30℃. Users can set it up in parameter setting P2.2 (see Section 7.4 for details).
6.2.4. Temperature compensation coefficient
The temperature compensation coefficient of the meter setting is 2.0%/°C. However, the conductivity temperature
coefficient is different from solutions and concentration. Please refer to Table – 9 and the data collected during testing.
Do the setting in P2.3. (see section 7.4 for more).
Note: When the coefficient for the temperature compensation is set to 0.00 (no compensation), the
measurement value will be based on the current temperature.
Table – 9 Temperature compensation coefficient of special solutions
Solution
Temperature compensation coefficient
NaCl solution
2.12%/°C
5% NaOH solution
1.72%/°C
Dilute ammonia solution
1.88%/°C
10% hydrochloric acid solution
1.32%/°C
5% sulfuric acid solution
0.96%/°C
6.2.5. Precaution for calibration solution’s contamination
Conductivity standard solution has no buffer. Please avoid being contaminated during usage. Before submerging the
electrode in standard solution, please rinse the electrode in distilled water and dry it with clean cloth or tissue paper.
Please do not use the same cup of conductivity standard solution repeatedly, especially for standard solution of low
concentration (84μS/cm). The contaminated standard solution will affect the accuracy.
- 14 -
Conductivity Calibration
6.3.1. Rinse the electrode in distilled water, allow it to dry, wash with a little of
standard solution and dip it in standard solution. Stir the solution briefly and allow it
to stay in the solution until a stable reading is reached.
6.3.2. Press
key to enter the calibration mode.
The meter’s display will show blinking “CAL” at the top right, and scanning and
locking process of calibration solution at the bottom right. When the meter locks1413
mS, stable icon
will display on LCD. Press
The meter will return to measuring mode and
key to complete calibration.
is displayed on bottom
left of the LCD screen. See Figure-11.
6.3.3. Notes:
(a) Pressing
key before stable icon
appeared on LCD screen,
Figure-6
Error indication icon Er 2 will be shown. See Table -11.
(b) Press
key before confirmation to exit calibration mode (calibration will not be completed).
Figure-11
6.3.4. For multi-point calibrations, please repeat the steps in 6.3.1 to 6.3.2 until all
calibrations are finished. The meter can be calibrated in the same calibration solution repeatedly until the reading is
stable and repeatable.
TDS & Conductivity
6.4.1. TDS and conductivity is linear related. The conversion factor is 0.40-1.00. Adjust the factor from parameter
P2.6. The factory default setting is 0.71 and please refer to section 7.4. The meter only needs to be calibrated in
Conductivity mode, then after calibration of conductivity, the meter can switch from conductivity to TDS.
6.4.2. Adjust TDS conversion factor in parameter setting P2.7 according to the data collected during testing and
experience. Table – 10 lists some commonly used Conductivity and TDS conversion factors. This is for your reference
only.
Table – 10 Conductivity and TDS conversion factors
Conductivity of solution
TDS conversion factor
0-100 μS/cm
0.60
100-1,000 μS/cm
0.71
1-10 mS/cm
0.81
10-100 mS/cm
0.94
- 15 -
Sample test
6.5.1. Rinse conductivity electrode in distilled water, dry it, and dip it in the sample solution. Stir the solution briefly
and allow it to stay in the sample solution until a stable reading is reached and
icon appears on LCD, then get
the reading value, which is the conductivity value of the solution.
6.5.2. Press
key to switch to TDS.
6.5.3. During the process of calibration and measurement, the meter has self-diagnosis functions, indicating the
relative information as below: Table – 11.
Table – 11 Self-diagnosis information of conductivity measurement mode
Display Icons
Contents
Checking
1. Check whether conductivity calibration
Wrong conductivity calibration solution or
solution is correct.
the meter recognition of calibration 2. Check whether the meter connects the
solution out of range.
electrode well.
3. Check whether the electrode is damaged.
Press
key when measuring value is not
Press
stable during calibration.
During calibration, the measuring value
being unstable for over 3 minutes.
key after
icon appears.
1. Shake the electrode to eliminate bubbles in
electrode head.
2. Replace with new conductivity electrode.
6.5.4. Factory default setting
For factory default setting, please refer to parameter setting P2.7 (Section 7.4). With this function, all calibration data
is deleted and the meter restores to the theory value. Some functions restore to the original value (refer to appendix
-1). When calibration or measurement fails, please restore the meter to factory default setting and then perform recalibration or measurement. Please note once set the factory default, all the data deleted will be irretrievable.
Maintenance of the Conductivity Electrode
6.6.1. Always keep the conductivity electrode clean. Before taking a measurement, rinse the electrode in
distilled water. It is recommended to rinse it again in the sample solution. When dipping the electrode in solution,
stir the solution briefly to eliminate air bubbles and allow it to stay until a stable reading is reached. Conductivity
electrodes are usually stored dry. For conductivity electrodes that haven’t been used for a long time, users can
soak the electrode in 12.88 mS calibration solution for 5-10 minutes, or to soak it in tap water for 1 to 2 hours.
Rinse the electrode in distilled water after measurement.
6.6.2. The sensing rod of Model 2301T-S conductivity electrode is coated with platinum black to minimize
electrode polarization and expand measuring range. The platinum black coating adopted our special processing
technology, which improves the electrode performance and the firmness of the coating. If the platinum black
electrode is stained, gently clean the electrode with soft brush in warm water containing detergent or alcohol.
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7
PAR AM ETER SETTI NG
Main Menu
In the measurement mode, press
key to enter in P1.0, then press
or
to switch main menu:
P1.0→P2.0→P4.0. Please refer to Figure - 7.
P1.0: pH parameter setting menu,
P2.0: Conductivity parameter setting menu,
P4.0: Basic parameter setting menu.
Sub-Menu
7.2.1 In P1.0, press
to enter the submenu P1.1 for pH setting, press
and
to change submenu:
P1.1→P1.2→ … →P1.5. See Figure-7 for details.
7.2.2 In P2.0, press
to enter the submenu P2.1 for conductivity setting, press
and
to change submenu:
P2.1→P2.2→ … →P2.7. See Figure-7 for details.
7.2.3 In P4.0, press
to enter the submenu P4.1 for basic parameter setting, press
submenu: P4.1→P4.2→…→P4.8. See Figure-7 for details.
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and
to change
Main Menu
pH Setting Submenu
P1.1 Select pH buffers
P1.2 Restore to factory default
Conductivity Setting Submenu
P2.1 Select electrode’s constant
P2.2 Select reference temp.
P2.3 Adjust temp. coefficient
P2.4 Adjust TDS factor
P2.5 Restore to factory default
Basic Parameter Setup Submenu
P4.1 Select temp. unit
P4.2 Select lasting time for backlight
P4.3 Select auto power-off time
P4.4 Set up auto lock mode
Figure-7
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pH Setting Sub-Menu
P1.1 — Select pH buffer series (USA—NIST)
1. In measurement mode, long press
to enter P1.0, press
2. Press
, “USA” flashes; Press
USA—USA NIS—NIST
3. Press
to enter P1.1
to choose USA→NIST; Press
to enter P1.2, or press
to confirm.
to return to measurement mode.
P1.2 — Return to factory default mode (No—Yes)
Press
, “No” flashes, press
to choose No→Yes; Press
to confirm, the meter
returns to measurement mode.
No— not return to factory default mode; Yes—return to factory default mode
If not choosing Yes, Press
to return to measurement mode.
Conductivity Setting Sub-Menu
P2.1 — Select electrode’s constant(1.0—10.0—0.1)
1. In P2.0, press
to enter P2.1
2. Press
, “1.0” flashes, press
3. Press
to enter P2.2, or press
to choose 1.0→10.0→0.1; press
to confirm
to return to measurement mode.
P2.2—Select reference temperature (25.0℃—18.0℃—20.0℃)
1. Press
, “25.0℃” flashes, press
or
to adjust temp. from 15℃ to 30℃; press
to confirm.
2. Press
to enter P2.3, or press
to return to measurement mode.
P2.3—Adjust temp. compensation coefficient (0.00-9.99%)
1. Press
, “2.00” flashes, press
or
to adjust from 0.00-9.99; press
confirm.
2. Press
to enter P2.4, or press
to return to measurement mode.
P2.4—Adjust TDS Factor (0.40-1.00)
1. Press
, “0.71” flashes, press
2. Press
to enter P2.5, or press
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or
to adjust from 0.40-1.00; press to confirm.
to return to measurement mode.
to
P2.5 — Return to factory default mode (No—Yes)
Press
, “No” flashes, press
to choose No→Yes; Press
to confirm, the meter
returns to measurement mode.
No— not return to factory default mode; Yes—return to factory default mode
If not choosing Yes, press
to return to measurement mode.
Basic Parameter Setting Sub-Menu
P4.1 —(°C—°F)
1. Press
confirm.
, “°C” flashes, press
2. Press
to enter P4.2, or press
, “°F” flashes; when parameter flashes, press
to
to return to measurement mode.
P4.2—Select lasting time for backlight (1—2—3—On)
1. Press
, “1” flashes, press
to choose from 1→2→3→On; press
Select On to have the backlight always turned on; time unit is minute.
2. Press
to enter P4.3, or press
to confirm
to return to measurement mode.
P4.3 — Select auto power-off time (10—20—30—On)
1. Press
, “20” flashes, press
to choose from 20→30→On→10, press
confirm. Select On to shut off the auto power-off function; time unit is minute.
2. Press
to enter P4.4, or press
to return to measurement mode.
P4.4 — Set up Auto-Lock reading mode (Off—On)
1. Press
, “Off” flashes, press
2. Press
to return to measurement mode.
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to choose Off→On; press
to confirm.
to
8
9
COMPLETE KI T
Content
Quantity
PH400
EC400
1
PH400 Portable pH Meter
1
√
2
EC400 Portable Conductivity Meter
1
3
PC400 Portable pH/Conductivity Meter
1
4
201T-S Plastic 3-in-1 Combination pH Electrode
1
5
2301T-S Plastic Combination Conductivity Electrode
1
6
pH Standard Buffer (4.00 pH,7.00 pH,10.01pH/50mL)
1 for each
7
Conductivity Standard Solutions
(84μS,1413μS,12.88mS/50mL)
1 for each
10
Carrying Case
1
√
√
12
Instruction Manual
1
√
√
PC400
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
WARR AN TY
We warrant this instrument to be free from defects in material and workmanship and agree to repair or replace
free of charge, at option of APERA INSTRUMENTS, LLC, any malfunctioned or damaged product attributable
to responsibility of APERA INSTRUMENTS, LLC for a period of two years from the delivery (a six-month
limited warranty applies to probes). This warranty does not apply to defects resulting from actions such as
misuse (violation of the instructions in this manual or operations in the manner not specified in this manual),
improper maintenance, or unauthorized repairs. Warranty period is the time limit to provide free service for the
products purchased by customers, not the service life of the tester or probe.
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10 APPENDIX 1: TABLE OF PAR AM ETER SE TTI NG AND FACTORY DEFAULT
SETTI NG
Mode
Symbol
Parameter
P1.0
P1.1
pH
Abbreviation
Content
Factory Default
Select Buffer Series
USA-NIST
-
P1.2
Restore to factory default settings
No-Yes
No
P2.1
Select electrode’s constant
1.0-10.0-0.1
1.0
P2.2
Select reference temperature
15℃ - 30℃
25℃
P2.3
Adjust temperature compensation
coefficient
0.00 - 9.99
2.00
P2.4
Adjust TDS factor
0.40 - 1.00
0.71
P2.5
Restore to factory default setting
No-Yes
No
P4.1
Select temperature unit
℃-℉
-
P4.2
Select lasting time for backlight
1-2-3-On
-
P4.3
Select time for auto power-off
10-20-30-On
-
P4.4
Set up auto-lock reading mode
Off—On
-
P2.0
Conductivity
/
/
11 APPENDIX 2: ICO NS AN D ABBREVI ATI ON
Mode
Symbol
P1.0
P1.1
pH
P2.0
Conductivity
P4.0
P1.2
Abbreviation
Content
Standard buffers
/
Factory default setting
P2.1
Electrode constant
P2.2
Reference temperature
P2.3
Temperature compensation
coefficient
P2.4
TDS Factor
P2.5
Factory default setting
P4.1
/
Basic
P4.2
backlight
Parameters
P4.3
Auto power-off
P4.4
/
Others
USA Series
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NIST Series
Off
On
No
Yes
12 APPENDIX 3: TABLE OF SELF-DI AG NOSIS
Symbol
Self-Diagnosis Information
Wrong conductivity calibration solution or the meter recognition
of calibration solution out of range.
pH
√
Conductivity
√
√
√
During calibration, the measuring value is not stable for ≥ 3 min.
√
√
pH electrode zero electric potential out of range (<-60mV
or >60mV)
√
pH electrode slope out of range (<85% or >110%)
√
Press
key when measuring value is not stable during calibration.
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APERA INSTRUMENTS, LLC
Address: 6656 Busch Blvd, Columbus Ohio 43229
Tel: 1-614-285-3080
Email: info@aperainst.com
Website: www.aperainst.com
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