MANUEL DE REPARATION
AUTOMATIC ESPRESSERIA
KRUPS ISSUE F:
ROWENTA ISSUE A:
SEB ISSUE A:
CONTENTS
0. COMPULSORY PREVENTIVE OPERATIONS:...................................................................2
a) Systematic replacement of tamping head seal...............................................................2
b) Krups models issues 0, A, B, C, bringing into compliance issue D..............................2
1. RANGE : ...................................................................................................................................3
a) Follow-up of issue changes:..........................................................................................3
2. COMPONENTS........................................................................................................................4
3. OPERATION : ..........................................................................................................................4
4. PERFORMANCES : .................................................................................................................4
5. ELECTRICAL AND HYDRAULIC DIAGRAM: ...................................................................5
6. TOOLING AND EQUIPMENT REQUIRED FOR DISASSEMBLY & RE-ASSEMBLY :..6
7. DISASSEMBLY : .....................................................................................................................7
8. RE-ASSEMBLY : ...................................................................................................................11
9. SERVICING AFTER CLOGGING UP OF GROUND COFFE : ..........................................18
10. CLEANING AND SCALE REMOVAL CYCLES :..............................................................18
11. PRE-LISTED FAULTS : ........................................................................................................19
12. TROUBLESHOOTING DIAGNOSIS & CORRECTIVE ACTIONS :.................................22
13. AFTER-SALES (A-S) MODE OPERATION ........................................................................28
14. POST-SERVICING COMPLIANCY TEST : ........................................................................32
15. GRAPHIC DISPLAY TEST...................................................................................................33
16. VERSION 0, A, B and C, BRINGING INTO COMPLIANCE WITH ISSUE D:.................34
1
0. COMPULSORY PREVENTIVE OPERATIONS:
a) Systematic replacement of tamping head seal
For any Krups, Rowenta or SEB product coming back into the Product
Support flow, systematically replace the tamping head seal.
b) Krups models issues 0, A, B, C, bringing into compliance issue D.
For any Krups product coming back into the Product Support flow with an
issue 0, A, B or C, bringing into compliance issue D must be performed using a
repair kit.
See section 16: “Version 0, A, B and C, bringing into compliance issue D”.
2
1. RANGE :
KRUPS
Pictographic model : XP7180
Pictographic model : XP7200
Pictographic model : XP7210
Graphic model : XP7220
Graphic model : XP7230
Graphic model : XP7240
black facing
black facing
black facing
black facing
titanium facing
titanium facing
black panel
silver panel
stainless steel panel
silver panel
stainless steel panel
stainless steel panel
ROWENTA
Pict. model: ES6800
brown facing
brown panel
SEB
Pict. model: EX6800
brown facing
brown panel
a)
Claris filter (France)
Claris Filter (France)
Claris filter (France)
Claris Filter
Claris filter
Claris filter + Auto cappuccino
Follow-up of issue changes:
Changes in issue correspond to changes in construction of the machine
Krups
issue
0
A
B
Rowenta
issue
Seb issue
C
D
E
0
F
A
0
Change
Change to U-shaped cake tank pin + U-shaped body window
Change to power board support
Change to steam nozzle support
New grinder +
- graphic display board (grinding time) + graphic power board (cleaning
cycle)
- pict. power board (grinding time)
Add overpacking
Change software for cake tank capacity to 9 cakes
Grinder calibrated, 7 sec grinding time, grinder crown in position "coarse
grind"
Add spacer on distributor switches + cam shaft to ensure spacers
Add CTN protection
Change pump -> machined pump
Change steam nozzle seal
Change drain piston with offset seal + rear stop
Deburred taming head grid
Change to location of ejector rise detection switch
Change to distributor (series mould drain piston, setting of moulding motor,
4 hydraulic connection pins instead of 3, overthickness of drain body for
overpressure)
Change to power board, shortened
Change in grinding time 8 sec
Change in thickness of cakes 12 - 15 mm
Change in ejector cup with oblong holes
Change to lower coffee grid holes 0.30
Change to coffee bean tank hinge made of charged PP
Change in coffee bean tank with small ribs to retain oily beans
New cake tank switches control by pedal
Add pump holder collar + bar on rear support (replacement of washer)
Change display board V9.18 + power V29
3
2. COMPONENTS
The appliance is made up of:
• 1 1.3-L removable water tank
• 1 flowmeter to proportion the volume of water
• 1 15-bar pump + 16-bar relief valve
• 1 motorized hydraulic distributor
• 1 1300-W thermoblock system with:
- 1 coffee water circuit and 1 steam circuit
- 1 integrated percolation chamber
- 1 NTC for electronic temperature regulation and two 216°C thermal fuses
- 1 system for discharging the ground coffee by means of an ejection ram and scraper
• 1 hydraulic plunger for closing the percolation head
• 1 grinder
• 2 electronic boards for:
o thermoblock temperature regulation
o mesuring the waterflow volume by counting flowmeter pulses.
o 1-cup, 2-cup, hot water (graphic model), steam, cleaning and scale removal cycle
operations
o current function display via indicator light (pictographic models)
o after service information (number of cycles per function, failure code....)
3. OPERATION :
NTC electronic temperature regulation:
Coffee: 108°C (position 1), 111°C (position 2), 113 .5°C (position 3)
Steam: 150-140°C
Safety cut-off : 190°C
1-cup cycle:
See cycle description with hydraulic diagram.
2-cup cycle:
2-cycles of 2-half-cups sequencing.
Cleaning cycle: only applied to the coffee circuit.
Succession of cycles pumping 50ml of water / 2-minute pauses.(in cleaning) or 1 min (in rinising)
Scale removal cycle: applied to coffee and steam circuit.
Succession of cycles pumping 50ml of water / ~ 45 sec pauses.
Automatic priming function:
Priming is automatic if there is no flow during actuator down phase pumping via steam nozzle.
Machine reset function if a fault occurs then blocking on fault if it is repeated on the next cycle: this
function allows fugitive faults to be ignored.
Corrective rinsing function proposed automatically in event of fault 8 (coffee flow defect through clogging
of coffee grids).
Function for detection of non-ejection of grind cakes with automatic ejection cycle.
4. PERFORMANCES :
Coffee temperature (50cc):
First coffee: 75°C
Subsequent coffees: 77°C
Coffee temperature adjustment: +/- 2°C in position 1 or 3
Steam (125cc of water at 15°C, 1 min): 77 +/- 5°C
Hot water (125cc): 85 +/- 5°C
4
5. ELECTRICAL AND HYDRAULIC DIAGRAM:
Bac à CAKE
Sortie vapeur
Réservoir
BROYEUR
Sortie
café
Niveau
Eau
Tiroir
Vérin
0A01 621
Fusible
Fusible
Thermo bloc
CTN
0A01 622
0A01 608
0A01 601
J3
J9
J5
FAISCEAU EN NAPPE ( 8 fils )
1
0A01 603
2
3
0 296 837
4
5
6
7
8
J1
J6
0002 604
J2
J4
J8
J7
0002 602
C02
C04
C03
C01
0A01 509
0A01 609
0 612 612
0A01 607
Distributeur
Débitmétre
MOTEUR
Pompe
S1
P 89
+
S2
Cosse 2,84
Cosse 4,8
Cosse 6,35
5
6. TOOLING AND EQUIPMENT REQUIRED FOR DISASSEMBLY & RE-ASSEMBLY :
- Tamper Torx TX - 10H magnetized screwdriver (cover)
- Small Pozidriv No.1 screwdriver (control electronics protective cover)
- Gripping pliers (high-pressure tube clamps).
- Vacuum cleaner with small nozzle for ground coffee (clogging)
- Small, flat-tip screwdriver (high-pressure hose clamps)
- No.2 male hexagonal "Allen" key (coffee filter)
- Antistatic wriststrap for work on electronic boards
- Oetiker clamp ref.: 14100083 for crimping of Oetiker clamps
6
7. DISASSEMBLY :
Grinder
Tamping head
Control board
Facing
panel
●
●
●
Cover
●
●
●
Parts to be disassembled
Technical
Body
mount
●
Facing
mount
Facing
●
if necessary
replace board
Power board
Pump
Flowmeter
Thermoblock /
actuator
Fuses
Ejection switch
Distributor
Steam nozzle
Coffee nozzle
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
(●)
●
●
Body: (provides visual access to most parts inside the coffee-maker)
Remove the facing panel (raise and disengage the 6 hooks).
Remove the coffee bean container.
Remove the cover (2 screws under the cup-rest lid + 1 screw under the coffee bean container + 2 clips at
the rear removable by pulling on the rear cover rib.
(Do not remove the cup-rest lid or the or the cleaning tablet spout)
Remove the bottom 2 screws on the facing + 2 rear screws in the base.
Slide the body towards the rear: this can only be done when the 2 rear screws have been completely
removed; vertically push back the cover which protects the electronic circuit.
Grinder
No particular instructions: see re-assembly.
Ring kept in place on the grinder bush by 4 clips.
7
High-pressure hoses : 2 Types of collars :
Norma:
Unclip the clamp using a small flat-tip screwdriver (without removing it from the hose).
Disconnect the hose and bend it to prevent the braid slipping onto the silicone tube (do not pull
straight):
Oetiker:
Open the clamp loop using a small flat screwdriver: be careful not to break or crack the
tube)
Pipes held by Oetiker clamp must be replaced after disassembly.
Oetiker clamps must not be reused.
Pump + Relief valve
No particular instructions (to be confirmed with the new dampers).
Tamping head
Can be disassembled without removing the technical mount: be careful not to offset the tamping
head mount when unscrewing.
access to the coffee outlet grid, the creamy seal and the tamping head seal.
Switch control plate on the actuator
Unclip the 2 clips (access from the top).
Compress the actuator by pressing on the top nut (using a socket spanner or equivalent).
Disassemble the switch control plate
Flowmeter
No particular instructions.
Power electronic board
Electronic circuit mount maintained in the shroud by means of 2 clips at the lower part.
Control electronic board
Use an antistatic wriststrap
Remove the facing (2 screws + 4 clips accessible via side holes).
On the graphic model, it is possible to replace the display device (take particular care when
disconnecting the bundle on the elctronic board).
8
Fuse
To access, remove the facing panel (2 screws in the lower part + 2 screws in the technical
mount).
Raise the technical mount so as to disconnect the 2 bushings in the facing panel.
Determine why the fuses blew before replacing.
Check that there are no blow traces on the base and the tamping head.
Coffee nozzle
Unclip the coffee pipe.
Remove the nozzle clip by means of a rule or a screwdriver placed between the clip and the
facing mount:
Clip
Technical mount: (provides access to the distributor and thermoblock/actuator sub-assembly)
Unclip and remove the coffee inlet pipe and disconnect the hose on the tamping head.
Remove the window.
Remove the mounting screws from the technical mount.
Disconnect the connectors and the electronic circuit wires and take the wires out of the grommets.
Remove the technical mount with the grinder in place (the wires connected to the actuator switches pass
through the shroud opening).
Thermoblock / NTC / soldered lugs sub-assembly
There is no provision for dismantling this sub-assembly.
The only parts which may be replaced are:
• Tamping head parts (creamy seal, O-ring, coffee grid…)
• The ejection scraper
• The actuator switch control plate with its spring and 3 switches
• The interface and its seal
• The ejector rod "Barista" seal
Remove the 3 thermoblock/actuator sub-assembly mounting screws in the base.
Disconnect the distributor/thermoblock coffee hose from the distributor
Disconnect the thermoblock/distributor steam hose from the thermoblock system (if necessary
remove the drain from the distributor after disconnecting the coffee drain hose from the
distributor).
Disconnect the steam nozzle hose.
Thermoblock system and ejection scraper Interface
Remove the ejection scraper (this may be a little difficult as the screwdriver is not in line with the
screw).
Cylinder rise detection switch:
Access after disassembly of thermobloc (attachment screws accessible under the thermobloc).
Switch normally closed.
9
Distributor
Remove the 2 distributor mounting screws in the base (Phillips-head indentation).
Disconnect the distributor/thermoblock steam hose from the thermoblock (remove the drain from
the distributor, if necessary after disconnecting the coffee drain hose from the distributor).
Remove the 3 thermoblock/actuator sub-assembly mounting screws in the base and tilt the unit
so as to have access to the hoses connected to the distributor.
Access to the distributor may be facilitated by removing the facing panel (2 screws + 4 clips) and
the facing mount (2 screws in the lower part).
Distributor switches
Cut the rivet on the end of the axes bearing the switches.
Remove the spacers.
For versions of distributors with extension of the gear body:
disassemble the distributor gear to remove the spacer
Ejection rod "Barista" seal
Remove the tamping head
Unscrew the thermoblock/actuator from the bottom of the
coffee-maker and lift it up
Raise the ejector and remove the plunger head.
Remove the "Barista" seal.
Steam nozzle
Remove the panel and the facing (2 screws + 4 clips).
The nozzle is fixed in the facing mount by 3 clips (inaccessible from the front) and is unclipped by pulling
on the nozzle.
Lead
No specific instructions.
Removable tank
The valve gasket is difficult to replace.
10
8. RE-ASSEMBLY :
Re-assembly is carried out in reverse order to disassembly.
Hoses :
Pipe held by Norma clamps:
Must be provided with a black adhesive protection.
It is possible to re-use a hose after disassembly provided disassembly precautions were
respected: any damaged hose or one with a frayed braid must be replaced.
Use Norma Cobra 7.5 clamps.
Lock the clamps with gripping pliers and check that they have been
properly assembled:
Pipe held by Oetiker clamps:
Dimension of clamps: 10
Pipes and clamps must be replaced after disassembly
Pipes without black adhesive compulsory (do not use a pipe whose black adhesive has been
removed)
Use an Oetiker clamp reference: 14100083 (cutting pliers not recommended as non parallel
tightenng).
Pinch until the 2 parts of the clamp loop are brought into contact.
11
3
Grinder :
2
1
Indexing and assembly of the grinder crown to be performed on coffee maker:
• 1) For Krups versions, set the grinder using the blue marker or failing this the green marker
(or red) of the ring positioned opposite the indexing ball
For Rowenta / Seb versions,
the ball must be positioned 1 notch
before the green marking.
•
•
2) place the drive axis at stop on the “coarse grind” position
3) assemble the crown on the grinder (4 clips) and on the drive axis.
Ensure that wires go through the grommets.
NB: check that the brass spacers are mounted in the grinder screwing holes.
Coffee pouring spout:
Add a double wire to break the blocks of coffee coming out of the grinder (application on 19/06/06).
Be careful of
correct assembly
direction of
double wire
12
Grinder setting:
The grinders are run in and calibrated so no adjustment is needed.
After any intervention on the grinder or the electronics, or after setting of the grinding time, the thickness
of the grind blocks must be checked: 12 to 14 mm.
Test conditions:
rd
- measurement of cake thickness on 3 coffee cycle
- strong espresso function 60 ml
- setting of grind fineness in “coarse” position
- coffee: small beans (max. average length 10.5 mm) that are also dry (important)
If the thickness of the cakes does not comply, you can check the pre-programmed grinding time (must be
7, 8 or 9 sec) and set this time if necessary:
-
XP7200 models:
- Consultation of pre-set grinding time
Read the grinder setting 0, 10, 20, 30 or 40 in the small display on line 22 of the Product
Support mode (see table below).
Correct setting must be:
- 10 (7s): for an Espresseria issue D
- 20 (8s): for an Espresseria issue E
- 30 (9s): for an Espresseria issue E with grinder identified 1 or 2 + green pallet:
- Setting grinding time
- Remove the cake tank, slide and tank.
- Press the key “steam” + mains connection
Illumination of 1 of the 5 facade lights (depends on position of the rotary selector and
not programmed setting)
- Use rotary selector to choose illumination of:
- “cake tank” light for 7s of grinding time
- “water tank” light for 8s
- “clean” light for 9s.
- Press the “service” key to validate.
Illumination of “cake tank” light + “water” light flashing
- Disconnect the coffee maker.
Light on version
Position of grinder (read
on line 22 of Product
Support mode)
Strong coffee grinding
time (s)
-
On/Off
Cake tank
Tank
Clean
Calc
0
10
20
30
40
6
7
8
9
10
XP7220 / 7240 models:
- Consultation of preset grinding time and setting (see table below)
- Remove the cake tank, slide and tank.
- Press the key “prog” + mains connection
- Follow the displayed instructions
- Select the position corresponding to the desired grinding time:
- “2” for 7s of grinding time (Espresseria issue D)
- “3” for 8s of grinding time (Espresseria issue E)
- “4” for 9s of grinding time (Espresseria issue E, with grinder marked 1 or 2 +
green tablet)
- Press OK key to validate
- Disconnect the coffee maker
Position display
1
2
3
4
5
Strong coffee grinding
time (s)
6
7
8
9
10
13
Lead
Respect the earthwire routing.
The lead earthwire must not be in contact with moving parts (stainless steel corners behind the actuator)
or hot parts (resistor and lug connectors)
Wiring
Grommets are to be respected in order to comply with interference suppression requirements: generally
speaking, wires which ensure power transmission (thermoblock, pump, grinder) are not routed the same
way as low voltage / low current wires.
Wires are arranged in the following order:
1. - 2 green water-level wires + 3 red flowmeter wires
2. – control board connector
3. - 2 blue NTC wires
4. - 2 green draw switch wires
5. - 2 blue-red distributor motor wires + 3 black-yellow-white distributor switch wires
6. - 2 grinder wires
See wiring photos in enclosed document
Make certain of the correct position of the black connecting wire between the
switch of the cylinder (risk of the sheath being cut by the cylinder’s mobile
fitting on Espresseria issue D):
Passage of wires to respect EMC
(antiparasite):
- All wires are pushed down in the low position on the board
- The blue wire of the fuse must pass under the lug of the cord’s brown wire
Pump
Respect the direction of the clamp closing device on the pump outlet (risk that this might get in the way of
the cake tray housing).
The loop of the Oetiker clamp must be oriented downwards to guarantee non-contact with the base
14
Caution: the pressure relief valve must be immersed for 10 min in boiling water before assembly on the
pump to ensure good sealing of the valve on max. operating pressure of the pump (16 bars).
Flowmeter :
Respect hydraulic connections:
pump tube on the flowmeter lid
tank tube on the flowmeter casing.
Hoses must not be twisted or bent.
Thermoblock-actuator sub-assembly
Direct the device for closing the clamp on the actuator pipe downwards (risk that this might get in the way
of the ejection scraper).
actuator
Tamping head
When screwing, be careful not to offset the tamping head mount
15
Thermoblock and ejection scraper interface
Take care when replacing the seal which must not protrude into the coffee chamber.
.
Cylinder rise detection switch:
Make certain there is no voltage on the wires of the cable
Distributor
Replace the 2 pins of the drain receptacle properly in the 2 holes of the base.
Check that all hoses are tightly connected, in particular the easily detachable drain hoses, and that the
clamps are properly clipped onto the high-pressure hoses.
Check that the drain hose is not bent or caught
Assembly of spacer: crush the end of one of the 2 pins using a soldering iron. The pin must not be
soldered with the spacer but just crushed.
The ejection rod "Barista" seal
Ensure that re-assembly is made the correct way up (lip facing upwards).
Only grease the ejection rod, and sparingly, with food grade grease
Distributor drain casing
Be careful to centre the spring properly on the bushing at the bottom of the drain body (risk that it might
catch on the notches).
The drain plunger must be mounted in the body of the drain with food grade grease.
Ensure that the drain body is firmly locked down on the distributor (tighten counterclockwise).
Electronic boards
Connectors on electronic boards: check that connectors are well secured by the clips.
Check the coffee volume selector button for correct indexation (1/2 turn possible error).
Check ground coffee cake thickness after any work on electronics or the grinder.
16
Table of compatibility of software versions according to issues (issues shown are Krups grinder
indices).
Models with graphic display
Facade board
Set to issue D
V8.7 to V9.15
V9.16 ; V9.18
V9.18
Issue 0, A, B, C
Issue D
Issue E and F
Power board
V12 to V23
V12 to V23
V25, V26, V29
V28
Models with leds
Issue 0, A, B, C
Issue D
Issue E and F (Krups),
Issue 0 and A (Rowenta)
50Hz
60Hz
Power board
Set to issue D
V25 to V41
V43, V46, V48
V43, V49
Steam nozzle
Be careful when replacing the O-ring as this is a delicate operation.
Body
There is a risk that switches might catch on the cake tray housing inside the body: press the body down
firmly when replacing
Make certain of the correct position of the tank connection seal under the body.
17
9. SERVICING AFTER CLOGGING UP OF GROUND COFFE :
Remove the cleaning inlet and the drawer.
Scrape and suck up the ground coffee in and around the thermoblock tank using a vacuum cleaner with a
small end piece (flexible hose with ~10 ext. diameter).
Carry out a cleaning cycle:
If the ejection ram works properly in the tank OK
If it sticks, activate manually with a rod inserted through the base:
Check that the drawer switch works properly: any ground coffee in the drawer slide channels could affect
the control. If this is the case, remove the technical mount to clean the slide channels.
Renew a cleaning cycle.
Determine the reason why clogging-up occurred (see troubleshooting diagnosis table):
grinder not compliant (quantity of ground coffee)
electronics setting not compliant with the grinder
ejection ram stuck in high position
cake tray replaced partially full
10. CLEANING AND SCALE REMOVAL CYCLES :
The cleaning light comes on after 350 coffees (or espressos).
The scale removal light comes on after:
• 12,000 cycles with water hardness setting 0
• 10,000 cycles with water hardness setting 1
•
8,000 cycles with water hardness setting 2
•
6,000 cycles with water hardness setting 3
•
3,000 cycles with water hardness setting 4
with:
• 1 coffee (or espresso) = 1 cycle
• 1 "steam" function = 25 cycles (V16 picto power board and V6.8 to 7.0 Visu display)
= 40 cycles (V17 picto power board and V7.2 Visu display)
• 1 "hot water" function = 10 cycles
The number of cycles is doubled when a filter is used (progamming in the display version).
18
11. PRE-LISTED FAULTS :
If the appliance is blocked because of a fault situation, identify the fault with the number displayed:
Pictographic model display mode:
• numbers from 1 to 9: fixed display
• number > 9: display of a dash and successively all the numbers.
Dash
1st number
2nd number
nth number
Picto Graph Function
no.
no.
1
1
PosWaterDistrib
2
2
3
3
4
4
Nature
The maximum time for the water distributor
Check operation of distributor
command has been reached without the tooth switches
being detected
Check distributor rotation (risk
GroundCoffeeDistrib The maximum time for the ground coffee
distributor has been reached without the
ground coffee proportioning switch being
detected
Conditions for start The distributor is in the original position
of cycle
but the actuator is not in the high
position +
The actuator is in the low position and
the actuator switch is still closed
Pump in actuator
down phase
Servicing
of drop in LV supply if distributor
motor current too high).
Check for wrong setting or
position of motor in the
distributor housing
Add the spacer above the
switches
Concerns the ground coffee
version
- Fault in the actuator high
position switch (mechanical or
electrical)
- Distributor switch fault
- Faulty electronic boards
connection
- Actuator switch short-circuited
During the first seconds of pump start-up, Pump unprimed (start of selfvolume is very low
priming cycle, fault 4 not
displayed but recorded in
memory of faults in line 6 of A-S
mode)
Distributor fault
Actuator stuck in high position
not noted up to 5/10/05
19
5
5
Pump priming
6
6
Pump in actuator
down phase
7
7
Pump in actuator
down phase
8
8
Hot water and
Coffee Pump
9
9
Time_Setting
During the first seconds of pump start-up, Flowmeter fault (wires reversed,
volume is zero
connector offset, …)
Switch or distributor switch
control fault
Drop of water on the flowmeter
connector
Pump fault
Water flow blocked: hose
caught, strainer missing (tank
valve not actuated), tank badly
connected
Unpriming of pump in actuator
down phase (remove tank)
The flow has not dropped (> 50ml/min)
Look for the leakage source:
after the actuator has been filled to the
hoses, actuator, priming valve?
maximum (80ml); there is a water
Switch or distributor switch
leakage and the actuator does not fill
control fault: incorrect detection
of cams error in distributor
position in cylinder descent
phase.
Flowmeter hoses changed over
Distributor problem (leakage at
drain ..)
Faulty connection between the
2 picto boards
If no leak detected, replace
power board V26 with V29
The flowmeter signal has dropped
Ground coffee clogged up:
(<50ml/min) but the actuator volume is
Tamping head stuck
insufficient (<25ml); there is a blockage
Ejector blocked
in the circuit
Tank badly connected
Hoses caught (pump suction)
Pump unpriming defect if filter
installation procedure not
respected
Fault on the pump switch
Switch or distributor switch
control fault?
(component or control via cake
tray)
Pump priming fault (in presence
of filter? coffee-maker stored
over a long period without tank
or with tank empty?)
Water-level board or bundle
defective
Flowmeter defecftive (indication
of flow < reality, poor
connection)
After a certain time of pump control
Coffee grids plugged
during coffee or water flow, the circuit is
Creamy seal plugged
considered to be blocked as the water
Thermoblock plugged
hardly flows at all
Switch or distributor switch
control fault
Tank removed during operation
(pump unprimed).
A NTC fault is detected; temperature too NTC fault (component, bonding,
low or too high
connector, wires…)
Coffee leakage on NTC
(resistor value)
20
10
0A
12
12
13
13
0B
0C
0D
0E
10
Time_Setting
Spi_TransLCD
Heating resistor fault detected, heating
was started but temperature has not
changed
Thermoblock resistor fault
(Faulty wiring connections)
NTC unstuck
NTC cracked
There was no ejection switch pulse
No raising of the ejection pin:
during 2 consecutive empty cycles (2
- excess clogging of grinds
faults 13)
in chamber
- escape of pin during rise of
There was no ejection switch pulse in the
ejector (recall torque exerted
3s following return to the
by the spring)
distributor’s original position: the machine - switch incorrectly clipped
requests the cake tank and the slide to
- wires tensed
be removed and replaced, and an empty - no release of paddle-switch at
cycle is proposed
rest against metal plate place a washer th. 1mm +
internal Ǿ 5mm between switch
support screwing bush and
metal plate
- poor electrical connection
- actuation pin on paddle-switch
incomplete
During message transmission, the
Find the bad connection
message was not sent since there was
no clock at the end of a TimeOut:
faulty connection between the 2 boards
Faulty communication between the 2
Disconnect and reconnect the
boards
coffee-maker
Overconsumption on low voltage power
Determine the cause
supply: Distributor blocked, does not turn
Faulty connection between the 2 boards Find the bad connection
Defective power board
Faulty connection between the 2 boards
Defective power board
Electromagnetic interference problem
(overvoltage…)
Replace the power board
Find the bad connection
Replace the power board
Disconnect and reconnect
FF
21
12. TROUBLESHOOTING DIAGNOSIS & CORRECTIVE ACTIONS :
Diagnosing leakages may be facilitated by using cut-outs which can be helpful in supporting the tank and
the cake tray.
DIAGNOSTIC
Does not heat
Cuts out
Power board
flashed
Coffee maker
blocked with
“Autotest” screen
(graphic version)
2 cups cycle does
not operate
(Versions with
Leds XP7200)
Does not flow at
coffee outlet
CAUSE
Fuse blown
REPARATION
Identify the cause which
led to the fuse blowing
• NTC
• Electronics
NTC defective or poor
bonding
Resistor value accurate to
25°C: 100Kohm +/-5%
NB: variation of 4 to 5
Kohm for 1°C deviation
with respect to 25°C
Defective electronics
Resistor cut-out
Bad connection
Insulation defect on fuse
sheathing
Black connecting wire
between cake tank switches
and cylinder high position
positioned (sheath cut by
mobile metallic part)
Coffee has run onto resistor
Identify the cause which
connectors or the NTC
led to the coffee leaking
Connecting black wire sheath
between 2 cake tank switches
cut by mobile metal plate
located behind
Bug in V28 power board
associated with V9.16 facade
board
PIECES A CHANGER
- Fuse
- Thermoblock (due to
damage to the NTC
through overheating)
- Bottom of the coffeemaker if there are traces of
blowing
- Tamping head and
interface if necessary
Thermoblock with NTC
Electronic circuit
Thermoblock
Fuse clusters
Electronic board + wire
Position wire correctly
Interface/tank seal
Electronic board + wire
Position wire correctly
Replace V28 power board
with V29 or display board
V9.16 with V9.17
Removal of 2 cups function in
the “power” electronic boards
of version > or = V39
Clogging
Thermoblock or water circuit
scaled up
Thermoblock coffee circuit
clogged up by coffee
Electronic, distributor or
flowmeter fault
Coffee grids (high or low)
clogged up
Creamy seal clogged up or
defective
Silicone tube bent
Drain plunger spring badly
mounted (plunger blocked)
See below “clogging”
Remove scale
Replace scaled-up item if
scale removal ineffective
Carry out 2 to 5 rinsing
cycles
Electronic board,
distributor or flowmeter
Clean
Clean
Creamy seal
Straighten the tube out
Remount properly
22
Machine starts up
Autotest not
justified without
recorded fault
Water runs into
the drip tray during
coffee function
Random operation of cake
tank switch during cycle
(vibrations, etc.)
Check cake tank switch
control
Small valve in the drain
plunger is not tight (seal
missing, clogged up by
ground coffee) or is unclipped
Relief valve badly calibrated
Poor dissolution of Drain during stop of pumping Check sealing of circuit
cleaning tablet
of cleaning cycle
between pump outlet and
coffee outlet from
distributor (leak from
pressure relief valve in drip
collector tabk)
Coffee too weak
Grinder clogged by grinds:
Remove the fixed grinder
(slightly coloured)
- presence of water in grinder by unscrewing the crown,
- obstacle stopping flow of
clean and dry inside of
ground coffee
grinder
Complete drain plunger
Relief valve
Distributor drain piston
Grinder if damage
(oxidation, wear of vanes,
etc.)
Check the stainless steel
wire on grinder outlet
Cake crumbly,
poor shape,
partially dry,
Explosion on
opening of
tamping head at
end of cycle
Creamy seal allows too much
liquid through or not enough
Ejection ram does not return
far enough up
Poor drain
Grounds too fine
Bad tamping of ground coffee
Creamy seal
- Identify the cause:
Rod too short
- Retraction pin disengages
before reaching the high
position
Check drain circuit
Check grinder
Check pump performance.
Replace tampng head seal
23
Vaporizes during
coffee function or
explodes on
opening of
tamping head
Volume of coffee
in the cup does
not comply
A few drops of
water drip from the
steam nozzle at
the beginning of
the coffee function
Water runs
continuously via
the steam nozzle
during coffee
function
Temperature setting too high
Coffe-maker used at altitude
NTC not compliant or poor
bonding
Large volume of coffee
(220cc) made with grinding
which raises pressure
Any problem leading to a
reduction in water flow
Thermoblock or water circuit
scaled up
Pump flow/pressure
specifications not compliant
Coffee grids clogged up
Silicone tube bent
Tamping head creamy seal
plugged or misshapen
Flowmeter defective
Faulty electronics
Thermoblock or water circuit
scaled up?
Drain during stop of coffee
cycle “pre-moistening”
pumping
Reduce temperature
setting
Replace thermoblock
Change in coffee or grinder
to be adjusted to coarse
grinding
Remove scale
Clean
Straighten the tube out
Clean
Remove scale
Check sealing of circuit
between pump outlet and
coffee outlet from
distributor leak from
pressure relief valve in drip
collector tank)
Replace scaled-up item if
scale removal ineffective
Pump
Creamy seal
Flowmeter
Electronic circuit
Replace scaled-up item if
scale removal ineffective
Distributor drain piston
This is a known and accepted
phenomenon
Continuous flow:
Check flowmeter
- flowmeter badly connected
connections
start of a self-priming cycle
Fit a new water filter in the
tank (self-priming phase)
"Service" key stuck
Flowmeter
Electronic boards:
- Power board (picto)
- Power or Visu board
(graphic)
Change the facing
24
Boiling in the tank
at the end of the
coffee cycle or
rinsing
Poor draining:
- Defective distributor drain
plunger
- Creamy seal allows too
much liquid through
- Bad thermoblock heat
exchange
Drain plunger
Creamy seal
Insert power board with
drain time extended from 8
to 10 secs (> V21 picto
and > V14 graphic)
25
Ground coffee
clogged up in the
chamber
Grinder does not comply
Too much ground coffee:
cakes >14mm
Ejection plunger stuck in high
position
Grinder
Fit a lowered slide MS0A01392
Identify the cause of
- Cleaning or replacement
sticking:
of seal
- excessive chafing of the
- Replace ejection ram
ejection pin "Barista" seal? spring 6.5 N 13N (to be
- ground coffee blocked
done before 17 Nov.)
between interface and
- Check the state of the
tank?
tank bottom on the Barista
- lower nut of cylinder rod
seal seating - Screw in the
loosened
lower nut of the cylinder
- metal plate at right angles rod again
on cylinder rod deformed
Ejection ram does not return
- Ejection plunger rod too
Change ejection rod
far enough up
short (up to 4 mm!)
- Retraction pin disengages
before reaching the high
position
Unscrew attachment screw of Clean and screw in again
ejector disc / axis
with a drop of food quality
glue
Setting cakes in a column in
Coffee makers issue C :
- fit cake tank without rib
the cake tank
inside
- set electronic version with
request to empty tank
every 9 cakes
. XP7220 / 7240: facade
display board version >=
V9.4
. XP7200: power board
version >= V34
Actuator switch short-circuited
Change the switch
+ 2-cup cycle (grinding
without tamping head in the
high position)
Ground coffee blocked
Check thermobloc drain
between tamping head and
grinder spout
Rotation of ejector riser pin
before reaching high position
of ejector
Leakage at tamping head seal
level
Check whether there is a
parasite rotation torque
exerted by the pin spring
Check that the tamping
head does not catch the
grinder spout when it
comes back up
Coffee grounds collector with
rib in bottom
Coffee grounds collector
replaced partially full
Nozzle overflow at Temperature too high
See "vaporize" problem
coffee outlet
Coffee made after steam preheating without steam actually
being produced
Creamy seal defective
Change the seal
Change the grinder spout
Replace with tank without
rib
Creamy seal
26
Leakage of water “Barista” seal of ejector rod
or coffee under the defective or dislocated
thermobloc
Leakage of water
under tank
receptacle
Strainer partially blocked
(return of water from the
cylinder raises the strainer
and tank connecting seal)
Not enough cream Defective "creamy" seal
on the coffee
No steam
Water filter too effective for
fairly soft waters
Refit seal
“Barista” seal of ejector rod
Clean excess grease in
tank and under ejector
piston
Eliminate excessively slack
seal
Strainer
"Creamy" seal
Tank with slight leakage
fitted in bottom for partial
shunt of filter
Steam nozzle adaptor (dia.
1.15)
Steam reducer compies
Steam nozzle adaptor before
15/10/2005 (dia. 1.3)
Steam reducer in ABS instead
of PA
Distributor pinions badly
distributed
Descent and/or
slow rise of
cylinder with or
without low level
flow of coffee
Ejector scraper
Ejector piston cup unscrewed
blocked under
ejector piston
Faulty draw switch Grinder mounting spacer
control
missing the mounting
screw goes through the
screwing bushing and blocks
the draw control
Distributor
Apply a drop of food quality Replace ejector piston
glue and screw in again
subassembly
Replace spacer
Minimum level in the Electronic detection circuit
tank not detected
positioned too low
Remount the circuit by pulling
and slightly tightening the
wires
Change the tank receptacle
(modified mid-Nov. 2005)
Replace tank
Impossible to set the
date after
unplugging or cut-off
in current
Display returns to
intial date when filter
fitted
Validate the date when the
filter was first fitted proposed
on display.
Consequence: there will no
longer be any warning
message to replace the filter
use the index on the top of
the filter to memorise the date
when the filter was first used
- Validate the date when the
filter was first fitted proposed
on display.
- Remove filter (Prog/Maint.
/Filter/Remove)
- Changer date
(Prog/Setting/Date)
- Refit filter (Prog/Maint.
/Filter/Remove)
If the customer is
demanding, change the
visu board.
Visu boards concerned by
the bug: versions V6.8,
V6.9, V7.0 and V7.2
Electronic bug on
management of change in
year for graphic versions
before mid-Jan. 2006
Change filter as requested
or date (problem will occur
again following year)
Problem resolved by
application of repair kit for
compliance with issue D
Drop in low voltage supply
through excessive
consumption
Check consumption of
Risk of damage to the
distributor motor (distributor electronic power board
opposing torque too high)
Fault in the facing visu electronic
board
Problem resolved on production
after 17/10/2005
New date is prior to date
programmed on fitting filter
Coffee maker
requests Claris
filter change
before 50 litre or 2
month due date
Blue light 0/1
flashes rapidly
27
13. AFTER-SALES (A-S) MODE OPERATION
1st-level A-S mode
This mode makes it possible to access information on the rate of use of different coffee-maker functions.
Pictographic model
Access to A-S 1 via combination of the following keys: Service + Strong Coffee key+ Mains
Connection.
•
•
The Strong Coffee key enables functions to scroll and the Coffee key to return. No signalling.
Access counter values of the different functions via the Steam key and return via the same Steam
key. Signalling via the Calc light.
Steam
1
Function 1
Counter value
Calc
Counter value
Calc
Counter value
Calc
Steam
Strong coffee
Coffee
Steam
2
Function 2
Steam
Coffee
Strong coffee
Steam
N
Function N
Steam
28
d
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
Function (pictographic model)
"Coffee" cycle number
"Steam" function number
Cleaning number
Scale removal number
Cleaning & Scale removal warning overrides:
Total of number of cycles (coffee or steam) carried out after Cleaning or Scale removal
light has come on
No zero reset
Writing index of the last fault (0,1,2,3):
Depending on the index displayed, consult the corresponding fault in line 7, 8, 9 or 10
See penultimate fault in the previous index (1 if index 2 displayed, 3 if index 0)
Index 0 fault
Index 1 fault
Index 2 fault
Index 3 fault
Total coffee volume (exclusive of actuator volume and pre-soaking)
Times switched on number
Operating time:
ON/OFF light on
Rinsing number
Auto cut-off duration, (1,2,3,4,5 hours)
Water hardness (scale removal frequency), (level 0,1,2,3,4)
Coffee temperature (level 1,2,3)
Cakes in the tray number
Coffee cycles carried out since the last cleaning
Number of cycles carried out since the last scale removal (coffee, steam, water
wieghtings)
Number of tray emptyings before cleaning of draw
Extra grinding time added to basic time
23 Flag indicating whether injection of coffee is possible or not (actuator down or not):
1=fault (actuator in low position)
24 Flag indicating blocking of coffee, steam: positioned if machine cut off during cleaning or
scale removal. 1=fault
25 Number of grindings
26 Software version
27 Date of board production
Exit from A-S mode via 0/1 key.
Unit
unit
unit
unit
unit
unit
code
code
code
code
code
mL
unit
min
unit
hour
value
value
unit
cycles
cycles
cycles
0,10, 20,
30, 40
0/1
0/1
Unit
code
dd-mm-yy
29
Graphic model
From "Product Information" (Prog + "Product Information" selection + Prog) access to A-S 1 mode via
combination of Prog + Water keys.
d
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
Function (graphic model)
Total coffee number
Espresso number
Strong espresso number
Coffee number
Strong coffee number
Double espresso number
Strong double espresso number
Double coffee number
Double strong coffee number
Hot water function number
Steam function number
Rinsing function number
Production date
First use date
Graphic software version
Power software version
Model: (grinder)
Coffee function water volume
Steam function water volume
Times switched on number
Operating time
Temperature level
Water hardness level
Auto cut-off duration
Hour format
Hour
Date
Language
Filter present
Auto-on
31
32
33
34
35
Measurement unit
LCD contrast
Cake number
No. coffee since last cleaning
Last error detected (the last error is the first shown)
Unit
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
--/--/---/--/-Ref.
Ref.
Model
ml
ml
Nb
min
Number
Number
No. Hrs
24 Hrs
--/---/--/-French
Absent
Not
validated
No.
No.
No.
N°
Reminder of information available in the Product Information section (see manual) :
30
31
2nd level A-S mode
This 2nd level after-sales mode enables control and testing of power items.
Pictographic model (not available)
Graphic model
Access to A-S 2 via OK key + coffee grounds collector removed + mains connection.
Access to Controls and Actions by menus and sub-menus in the display
Exit from sub-menus via 0/1 key.
Pump
On / Off
Actuator down
Distributor
(the distributor
must be in
actuator down
position)
Origin
Next tooth
Grinder
1 portion
On / Off
Heating
Steam T° On / Off
Water T° On / Off
Heating
function to be
confirmed
14. POST-SERVICING COMPLIANCY TEST :
•
•
•
•
•
Checking correct operation of switches for detecting the presence of draw, cake tray and tank.
Correct coffee operation with measurement of cake thickness
12 to 14 mm
Test conditions:
• coffee: small, dry beans (max. average length <= 10.5 mm)
• setting grind fineness to “coarse” position
• strong espresso position 60 ml
rd
• measurement of cake thickness on 3 coffee cycles
Correct steam operation
Correct hot water operation
Cleaning the coffee-maker for delivery
32
15. GRAPHIC DISPLAY TEST
Enables presence of all segments to be checked in the display.
Press Prog + water + mains connection and follow carefully the order of operations:
• 0/1 key:
figure 1 displayed
• Prog key:
figure 2 displayed
• Steam key:
figure 3 displayed
• Water key:
figure 4 displayed
Turn the selection button in one direction to darken the screen
Turn the selection button in the other direction to remove display
Press OK: the blue light comes on
33
16. VERSION 0, A, B and C, BRINGING INTO COMPLIANCE WITH ISSUE D:
On each repair of an Espresseria issue C, B, A or 0, bringing into compliance of product construction
equivalent to issue D using repair kits is required:
1. Replace the grinder by a run in and calibrated grinder.
Place the green (or blue where there is one) marking of the crown opposite the ball.
2. Turn the grind fineness setting button to the “coarse” position.
Fit the drive bushing of the grinder crown MS-0A01317 to the grinder.
3. Replace the tamping head seal.
4. Replace the pump / fibre seal assembly with a new pump assembly with machined outlet / O-ring.
5. Add spacer MS-0A01495 to the distributor switches support + crush one of the two pins using the
soldering iron.
6. Replace the distributor drain piston with the new one
7. Fold back the black wire connecting the cake tank switches
to the front of the switches
8. Replace the electronic board with the "request to empty the tank every 9 cakes" version (instead
of 10) :
- XP7200: replace power board with MS-5925865
- XP7220: replace facade with MS-5883885
- XP7240: replace facade with MS-5883887
9. Set the grinding time to 7 sec (setting position No. 2 on 5 positions) :
- XP7200 time setting procedure:
- Remove the cake tank, slide and tank.
- Press the “steam” key + connect to mains
Illumination of 5 facade lights (depends on position of rotary selector)
- Use rotary selector to select illumination of “cake tank light”
34
- Press the “service” key to validate.
Illumination of “cake tank” light + “water” light flashing
- Disconnect the coffee maker.
- XP7220 / 7240 time seting procedure:
- Remove the cake tank, slide and tank.
- Press the “prog” key + connect to mains
- Follow the displayed instructions
- Select position “2”
- Press OK key to validate
- Disconnect the coffee maker
10. Check the cake tank: if presence of rib in bottom,
replace with rib-less tank
11. Add alongside the rating label a label marked "TYPE XP72X0 D" (to identify appliances returned
to compliance with issue D)
12. Check thickness of the cake (with small, dry coffee beans): between 12 and 14 mm (instead of 13
to 15 as previously).
13. Add information insert on removal of the 2 cup function and addition of a new long rinising
function.
14. Pack the product in its packing where there is one or in the box for the kit with 2 styropore
wedges.
For this operation to bring into compliance, 3 kits of parts (1 kit per electronic version), including:
Kit 1 for XP7200:
- Xp7200 power board
- "TYPE XP7200 D" label
- insert to remove 2 cup function + add rinsing function
- common parts
Kit 2 for XP7220 :
- XP7220 facade
- "TYPE XP7220 D" label
- common parts
Kit 3 for XP7240 :
- XP7240 facade
- "TYPE XP7240 D" label
- common parts
Common parts:
- run in calibrated grinder
- distributor spacer
- complete drain piston
- machined pump + O-ring
- tamping head seal
- kit box + 2 re-usable styropore wedges
35