Substitution Foods List
This is a list of substitutions that should work for most recipes. These aren't
necessarily substitutions for non-vegetarian ingredients. I've included
substitutions for any ingredient that might come up in a recipe. Try to avoid
making more than one substitution in a single recipe.
Instead of this
....try this
allspice, 1 teaspoon ground
1/2 teaspoon cinnamon and 1/4 teaspoon each,
nutmeg and ground cloves
1/2 teaspoon cinnamon and 1/2 teaspoon cloves
amaretto, 2 tablespoons
1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon almond extract
arrowroot, 1 1/2 teaspoons
1 tablespoon flour
baking powder, 1 teaspoon
1/4 teaspoon baking soda and 5/8 teaspoon
cream of tartar
baking powder, 2 tablespoons
1 teaspoon cream of tartar and 1/2 teaspoon
baking soda
balsamic vinegar, 1 tablespoon
1 tablespoon red wine vinegar plus 1/2
teaspoon sugar
bamboo shoots
asparagus in fried recipes
bouquet garni, 1 teaspoon
1/2 teaspoon each dried parsley flakes, dried
thyme leaves, and 1 bay leaf (crushed)
orange juice, pineapple juice, peach syrup
water, white grape juice, apple cider, apple
juice, diluted peach or apricot syrups
brown sugar (firmly packed), 1 cup
1 cup sugar plus 2 tablespoons molasses
butter, 1 cup
7/8 cup vegetable shortening
buttermilk, 1 cup
1 tablespoon distilled white vinegar or lemon
juice stirred into 1 cup soy milk and allowed
to stand for 5 minutes
cake yeast, 5/8-ounce cake
1 packet active dry yeast
ginger ale
yellow summer squash
chervil, 1 teaspoon
1 teaspoon dried parsley flakes plus 1/8
teaspoon rubbed, dried sage
chili sauce
ketchup with prepared horseradish and lemon
juice to taste
chinese black vinegar
balsamic vinegar
chocolate, semi-sweet, 1 ounce
3 tablespoons chocolate chips or 1/2 ounce
unsweetened chocolate plus 1 tablespoon sugar
chocolate, sweet baking (german's), 4 ounces
1/2 cup unsweetened cocoa powder plus 1/3 cup
sugar and 3 tablespoons fat
chocolate, unsweetened, 1 ounce
3 tablespoons cocoa powder plus 1 tablespoon margarine
cinnamon, 1 teaspoon ground
1/2 teaspoon ground allspice or 1 teaspoon
ground cardamom
cocoa, unsweetened
Dutch-processed cocoa
coconut milk, 2 cups
combine 2 1/2 cups water and 2 cups shredded,
unsweetened coconut and bring to a boil.
remove from heat; cool. mix in a blender for
2 minutes; strain.
peach, apricot, or pear juice
cornstarch for thickening, 1 tablespoon
2 tablespoons all-purpose flour or 1
tablespoon potato, rice, or arrowroot starch
corn syrup, 1 cup
1 cup granulated sugar plus 1/4 liquid (use a
liquid called for in recipe)
creme de menth
spearmint extract or oil of spearmint diluted
with a little water or grapefruit juice for
white; for green add a drop of green food
delicata squash butternut squash or sweet
dry bread crumbs, 1/4 cup
1 sandwich-size slice crisp bread, crushed
dry red wine
red grape juice, cranberry juice, vegetable
eggs, 1 egg
1 1/2 teaspoons powder Ener-G Egg Replacer
plus 2 tablespoons water for baking and
1/2 banana, mashed plus 1/4 teaspoon baking
powder for desserts or other sweet recipes
1/4 cup soft tofu, blended
2 tablespoons liquid plus 2 tablespoons flour
plus 1/2 teaspoon baking powder and 1/2
tablespoon vegetable shortening; add one to
two drops of yellow food coloring if desired
3 tablespoons apple sauce for sweet recipes
2 tablespoons flaxmeal plus 1/8 teaspoon
baking powder and 3 tablespoons water for
1 tablespoon cornstarch plus 3 tablespoons
water for baking
fines herbes
equal parts chervil, chives, tarragon and
five-spice powder
equal parts cinnamon, cloves, fennel seeds,
star anise and Szechuan peppercorns
flour, 1 cup
1 1/2 cups fine bread crumbs
flour, all-purpose, 1 cup
1 cup plus 2 tablespoons cake flour
flour, cake, 1 cup
1 cup minus 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
flour, self-rising, 1 cup
1 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 1/2 teaspoons
baking powder and 1/2 teaspoon salt
fresh herbs, 1 tablespoon
1 teaspoon dried herbs
garlic, 1 clove
1/8 teaspoon garlic powder
ginger, 1/2 teaspoon grated
1/4 teaspoon ground ginger
ginger, 1 teaspoon ground
1/2 teaspoon ground mace plus 1/2 teaspoon grated
Lemon peel
grand marnier or orange flavored liqueur,
2 tablespoons
2 tablespoons unsweetened orange juice and
1/2 teaspoon orange extract
green mangoes
sour, green cooking apples
green or red bell pepper, 2 tablespoons
1 tablespoon sweet pepper flakes (let stand
in liquid as directed)
habanero peppers
5 jalapeno peppers or serrano peppers
honey, 1 cup
1 1/4 cups granulated sugar plus 1/4 cup
liquid (use a liquid called for in recipe)
1 cup molasses
1 cup corn syrup
italian herb seasoning
mixture of oregano, marjoram, thyme, basil,
rosemary and sage
kahlua or coffee or chocolate flavored
liqueur, 2 tablespoons
1/2 to 1 teaspoon chocolate extract or 1/2
teaspoon to 1 teaspoon instant coffee in 2
tablespoons water
ketchup or tomato-based chili sauce, 1 cup
1 8 oz. can tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup
granulated sugar and 2 tablespoons distilled
white vinegar
cherry, rasberry, or currant syrup
lemon grass, 1 tablespoon minced
1 teaspoon grated lemon rind
lemon juice, 1 teaspoon
1/2 teaspoon white wine vinegar or cider
lemon juice, 1 lemon
3 tablespoons bottled lemon juice
lemon peel, 1 teaspoon minced or zest of 1
1 teaspoon dry lemon peel
light brown sugar, 1 cup
1/2 cup dark brown sugar and 1/2 cup
granulated sugar
1 cup granulated sugar plus 2 tablespoons
peel and liquefy zucchini for baking or
puddings; 1 1/4 lbs should yield 2 cups
mint chocolate chips
in an airtight container add 1/8 teaspoon of
peppermint extract to a 12 oz. bag of dark
chocolate chips. let sit for 24 hours.
maple syrup, dark corn syrup, cane syrup or
golden syrup
diced celery
mustard, dry, 1 teaspoon
1 tablespoon prepared mustard
mustard, prepared, 1 teaspoon
1 teaspoon dry mustard mixed with 2 teaspoons
wine vinegar, white wine or water
nutmeg, 1 teaspoon ground
1 teaspoon ground allspice or 1 teaspoon
ground cloves or 1 teaspoon ground mace
oats, old fashioned rolled
quick cooking oats
onion, 1/4 cup minced
1 tablespoon instant minced onion (let stand
in liquid as directed)
onion, 1 medium onion
2 teaspoons onion powder
orange juice, 1 medium orange
1/4 cup reconstituted frozen orange juice
orange peel, 1 teaspoon grated
1 teaspoon dry orange peel
palm sugar
light brown sugar
parsley, 2 tablespoons minced
1 tablespoon parsley flakes
pine nuts
walnuts or almonds
port wine
red grape juice
poultry seasoning, 1 teaspoon 1/4 teaspoon
ground thyme plus 3/4 teaspoon ground sage
pumpkin pie spice, 1 teaspoon
1/2 teaspoon cinnamon mixed with 1/8 teaspoon
each: ground ginger, nutmeg, mace, cloves
raisins, dark
golden raisins or currants
rum (light or dark)
water, white grape juice, pineapple juice,
apple juice, apple cider, syrup flavored with
almond extract
turmeric, for color
sake or rice wine
dry sherry or dry vermouth
seasoned rice vinegar, 1 tablespoon
1 tablespoon rice vinegar or white vinegar,
1/2 teaspoon sugar and 1/8 teaspoon salt
self-rising flour, 1 cup
1 cup all purpose flour plus 1 1/2 teaspoons
baking powder and 1/8 teaspoon salt
red onions or spanish onions
orange juice, pineapple juice, peach syrup
shortening, 1 cup
1 cup margarine
sifted cake flour, 1 cup
3/4 cup plus 2 tablespoons sifted all-purpose
flour or all-purpose flour sifted 3 times,
then measured to make 1 cup
sour cream, 1 cup
1 cup plain soy yogurt
sugar, granulated, 1 cup
1 cup firmly packed brown sugar, flavor will
be affected
1/2 cup corn syrup or molasses and reduce
liquid in recipe by 1/2 cup
sugar, powdered, 1 cup
1 cup granulated sugar plus 1/8 teaspoon
cornstarch processed in a food processor
fitted with a metal blade
sweet white wine
White grape juice plus 1 tablespoon white
Karo syrup
tamarind juice
5 parts ketchup to 1 part vinegar
tamarind paste, 1 tablespoon
1 teaspoon each, date, prunes, dried
apricots, lemon juice
tomatoes, 1 can (1 lb.)
2 1/2 cups chopped, peeled fresh tomatoes,
simmered for about 10 minutes
tomato juice, 1 cup
1/2 cup tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup water
tomato paste
tomato sauce, 1 cup
3/8 cup tomato paste and 1/2 cup water
vanilla bean, 1
1 teaspoon pure vanilla extract
whipped cream, 1 cup
puree a banana, then whip with the equivalent
of an egg white. add vanilla and sugar to
whipping cream (40% fat), 1 cup
1/3 cup margarine plus 3/4 cup soy milk
white wine, for cooking
dry vermouth, water, vegetable broth, liquid
drained from canned vegetables, ginger ale,
white grape juice
wine, 1/2 cup
1/2 cup fruit juice for desserts and
1 /2 cup vegetable broth forsavory recipes
Sour cream
Plain nonfat or low-fat yogurt or nonfat sour
Whole milk, nondairy creamers, half-and-half
Skim (nonfat) or low-fat (1 percent) milk
Cheeses like cheddar, Swiss, American, Jack
Lower-fat cheeses like part-skim ricotta,
low-fat and cream cheese, Jarlsberg, cottage
cheese, and Neufchatel
Ice cream
Nonfat or low-fat frozen yogurt, ice milk,
fruit ices, or sherbet
A whole egg
Two egg whites or 1/4 cup egg substitute
1 ounce baking chocolate
3 Tablespoons cocoa powder plus 1 tablespoon
vegetable oil
Fat in baking recipes
Equal amounts fruit puree like prune, or
Whipping or heavy cream
Evaporated skim milk or one part skim milk
and one part cream
Bake or roast on a rack, broil, grill, steam,
or microwave
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