Food Science and Technology Notes Extension Division Deportment of Food Science and Technology Virginia Polytechnic Institute Blacksburg, Virginia NFST-546-3 RECIPES FOR ICE CREAM Unless otherwise specified, the following recipes are for 10 gallons of finished product. 1. Plain ice cream. a. Delmonico 40 lb. 25% cream 2 doz. eggs (whipped and pasteurized with mix) 3 lb. sugar 3 oz. gelatin Vanilla to suit If the mix is not homogenized, proceed as follows: Add egg yolks and sugar mixed with gelatin tos:nall portion of cream, cook to custard, and cool. Whip cream and egg whites and mix with custard. b. Caramel Sugar heated above its melting point in the presence of water brown, the substance formed being called caramel. Mix 8 lb. sugar ferably half cane and half brown sugar) with 1 qt. of coffee cream one-piece utensil without a soldered seam. Heat the mixture until dark brown. This amount should be added to 40 lb. unsweetened mix made thereby for the added sugar). turns (prein a it turns (allowance c. Chocolate 15 lb. cocoa (or 25 lb. chocolate liquor) 25 lb. sugar 4 1/ 2 gal. water 2 oz. salt Heat to 180°F for 15 min. and cool. To 40 lb. of mix add 7 lb. of the above sirup. If chocolate liquor is used add 8 lb. sirup. If practicable, the entire chocolate mix should be homogenized. d. Butterscotch 8 lb. granulated sugar 1 1/2 lb. butter 1 1/2 pt. milk 1 1/2 pt. water Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U. S. Department of Agriculture. W. E. Skelton, Dean, Extension Division, Cooperative Extension Service, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061. 2 Add sugar and butter to the water and boil to soft-ball stage (236°F). Keep covered to avoid evaporation and do not stir. Cool to 100°F and add milk. Heat again to boiling. Add to 40 lb. unsweetened mix. e. Coffee The flavor is prepared by boiling 1 lb. good coffee with 3 lb. water, and using only the liquid. The coffee should not be boiled long enough to become bitter. Add to 45 lb. mix. An excellent flavor can be prepared by soaking pulverized coffee in cold water at room temperature for 25 hours and using only the liquid. f. Vanilla malt To 45 lb. mix add 3 lb. malted milk powder and vanilla extract. g. Chocolate malt 2 1/2 gal. plain mix 2 1/2 gal. chocolate mix h. 2. 3 lb. malted milk powder Mocha 1 1/4 gal. chocolate mix 3 3/4 gal. plain mix Enough coffee extract to impart milk coffee flavor Fruit ice creams. Usually the best-flavored ice cream is obtained by use of the true fruit. Only highly flavored varieties should be used. Fruits ideal for shipping may be unsuited for use in ice cream because of lack of flavor. a. Strawberry Add 3 to 4 qt. fresh or frozen berries (depending upon the concentration of the pack) to 45 lb. mix. Color pink. One-half ounce of 50% citric acid solution will enhance the flavor. b. Pineapple Add 2 qt. crushed pineapple to 45 lb. mix. Prepare pineapple by boiling the contents of 1 No. 10 can unsweetened pineapple with 6 lb. sugar. Colored pineapple cubes add to the attractiveness of the ice cream. c. Cherry Add 2 qt. crushed cherries to 45 lb. mix. Color light red. d. Peach Add 6 to 8 qt. crushed, well-ripened peaches (fresh or frozen) to 45 lb. mix. Color light yellow. By using some apricots or nectarines a more distinct flavor is obtained. e. Banana Add 3 doz. well-ripened bananas, reduced to pulp, to 45 lb. mix. Color yellow. f. Lemon Add the juice of 3 doz. lemons and 1/2 doz. oranges to 45 lb. mix. To avoid curdling add the fruit juice after the mix starts freezing. Color lemon yellow. g. Orange Add the Juice of 3 doz. oranges and 1 doz. lemons to 45 lb. mix. Add orange color and, if desired, orange extract to strengthen the flavor. 3 h. 3. Nut Ice Creams. a. Pistachio (popular item for St. Patrick Day) To 45 lb. mix add 1 oz. pistachio extract and 1/2 oz. green color. When ice cream is partially frozen, add 1 1/2 lb. crushed pistachio nut meats. b. Butter pecan Toast pecan halves to a brown color on inside. Add 1 lb. melted butter to 8 lb. nut meats. Sprinkle with 3/4 oz. salt. Use 3 1/4 lb. to a 40-qt. batch of ice cream. c. Black walnut (salad) Add 2 lb. broken nut meats to 45 lb. mix. d. Burnt almond 2 1/2 lb. chopped burnt almonds 1/3 oz. almond flavor e. f. g. h. 4. Raspberry Add 2 qt. raspberry puree and sufficient pure raspberry extract to give desired flavor to 45 lb. mix. The addition of a small amount of citric acid solution at the freezer produces a more pronounced flavor. 45 lbs. mix Caramel nut 1 1/2 lb. nuts 1 oz. burnt sugar coloring Caramel flavor 45 lb. mix Maple nut 1 1/2 oz. maple extract 2 1/2 oz. burnt sugar coloring 2 lb. nuts 45 lb . mix Pineapple nut 1/2 gal. pineapple 1 1/2 lb. nuts Cherry nut 3 pt. cherries 2 qt. pecans 45 lb. mix 1/4 oz. New York color 45 lb. mix Confection Ice Creams. a. English toffee 2 lb. butter 3 cups nut meats (pecans) 5 lb. sugar 1/2 tsp. soda Heat butter and sugar to 160°C. Remove from fire and add soda, stirring thoroughly. Mix in nuts and spread on marble slab to cool. Use 3 lb. of candy to 45 lb. mix. b. Almond toffee 1 oz. burnt sugar 1/4 oz. almond flavor 3 lb. broken toffee candy 45 lb. mix c. Mint stick Use 2 lb. peppermint candy (satin finish) to 45 lb. mix. d. Marshmallow To 45 lb. mix add 2 to 5 lb. marshmallows at the freezer. The marshmallows can be used either dried or fresh. To dry, place them in an oven 4 adjusted for slow heat. They may be cut into small pieces with scissors before drying or broken into pi e ces after drying . Small marshmallow cubes of suitable size for adding to ice cream can be purchased. e. 5. 1/8 oz. red color 40 lb. mix Bisque Ice Cream or 6. French nougat 1 qt. marshmallows 1 oz. lemon flavor 2 qt. green anJ red pineapple bits To 45 lb. partially frozen mix add 4 lb. grapenuts, macaroons, sponge cake, broken into fine pieces. Fruits and nuts may be added. Nabi s cos~ Puddings a. b. c. Tutti-f rutti 1 qt. red cherries 1 qt. green pineapple 1 qt. crushed pineapple 1 lb. raisins Orange pudding 4 oz. orange extract 1/2 oz. cheese coloring 1 qt. pineapple Roman pudding 45 lb. plain mix or 35 lb. 25 percent cream ADD: 4 doz. eggs, whipped and pasteurized with mix 2 qt. orange Juice 1 qt. lemon juice 1 lb. nut meats 45 lb. mix Red coloring 1 pt. cherries 1 lb. raisins 45 lb. mix 5 lb. condensed milk 7 1/2 lb. sugar 3 4 4 2 oz. oz. lb. qt. gelatin vanilla nuts assorted fruits d. Nesselrode pudding 2 1/ 4 gal. crushed pineapple 1/4 gal. raisins 1/ 4 gal. candied citron 1/ 4 gal. emrelettes 1/2 gal. cherries 1 mixing spoon allspice 1/3 gal. fig-walnut mixture 2 lb. candied orange peel Use 3 qt. of above mixture to 5 gal. ice cream mix. Add: 1/4 lb. walnuts 3/4 lb. pecans 1/2 lb. cashews e. Christmas special 20 lb. blanched almonds 15 lb. candied citron 15 lb. candied orange peel 40 lb. mince meat 20 lb. dark raisins f. Plum pudding 35 lb. 25 percent cream 5 lb. condensed milk 7 1/2 lb. sugar Stabilizer if desired 20 lb. white raisins 60 lb. simple sirup 1 pt. rum, dark, New England, or Puerto Rican Use 3 qt. to 5 gal. mix or 45 lb. plain mix 5 AtD: 3 doz. eggs (whipped) 1 lb. nuts 2 lb. raisins 1 qt. pineapple 1 pt. cherries g. h. 7. English plum pudding 35 lb. 25 percent cream 5 lb. condensed milk 7 1/2 lb. sugar Stabilizer if desired ADD: 4 doz. eggs (whipped) 2 lb. chocolate sirup 2 qt. assorted fruit 1 lb. raisins 2 lb. fi gs or dates 4 lb. nut meats or 45 lb. plain mix 3 tsp. cinnamon 1 tsp. ginger 1 tsp. cloves 1 tsp. allspice 4 oz. vanilla Date pudding 5 gal. mix 3 lb. dates, pitted and ground (the condition is improved by brief gentle cooking to soften) 1 lb. chopped walnut meats Parfait a. Plain 45 lb. high-fat mix 4 oz. vanilla 4 doz. eggs Cook eggs to custard in portion of mix. Fruits, nuts, and flavoring may be added at the freezer. b. Coffee Add 1 lb. coffee c. 8. 2 tsp. cir.namon 1 tsp. ginger 1 tsp. allspice Pink coloring extr~ct to plain parfait recipe. Add caramel coloring. Spumoni Whip 1 lb. powdered sugar with 1 gal. whipping cream. A special spumoni cup should be used. Fill the cup one-fourth full of vanilla ice cream. With a wooden masher dipped in warm water press the ice cream to sides of cup. Half-fill with chocolate ice cream. Place 4 cherries on top of chocolate ice cream and finish filling with fruited whipped cream. Place in hardening room. Mousse a. Small quantity (will finish about 5 gal.) 2 oz. gelatin 2 gal. 35 percent cream (aged for 48 hours) Fruits and flavoring as desired 4 lb. sugar b. Large quantity (will finish 10 to 12 gal.) 7 lb. sugar 40 gal. 40 percent cream (aged for 48 hours) 3 oz. gelatin 1 gal. 8 percent condensed milk Flavoring 6 Place the ingredients in the freezer, cool to about 32°F, and keep cool until whipped. Care should be taken not to churn the cream by cooling to too low a temperature or by leaving in the freezer too long. 9. Custards a. b. 10. 11. 12. Rich flavor 40 lb. 22 percent cream 9 lb. sugar 7 doz. eggs Beat eggs and mix with cream and sugar. Heat to 160°F and cool. one gallon of this base to 4 gal. plain mix. Add Plain custard 1 doz. whole eggs 1 qt. whipping cream 1 pt. skim milk 11 oz. sugar Beat the eggs, add sugar, and beat again. Mix with the milk and cream and cook until the mixture makes a thick coating on the spoon. Do not heat to too high a temperature. Add to 5 5al. plain mix. New York Ice Cream Cherry : 1/3 oz. New York color (egg shade) 2 qt. cherries (maraschino) 45 lb. mix Vanilla extract Ice The basis of an ice consists of: Sugar - 20 lb. cane of beet sugar 7 lb. corn sugar or 12 1/2 lb. cane or beet sugar 21 lb. corn sirup 5 oz. dry citric acid or 10 oz. 50 percent solution (other organic acids may be used) 4 oz. pectin or other suitable stabilizer Fruits and flavors, such as the following: a. Orange - 3 doz. large oranges or orange extract or emulsion to suit taste b. Grape - 2 qt. concentrated grape juice c. Cranberry - 16 qt. cranberries cooked in water until soft. Strain and use only juice. d. Apricot - 1 1/2 gal. apricots e. Strawberry - 1 gal. strawberries (frozen pack) f. Pineapple - 2 qt. canned pineapple Enough water to make 10 gal. mix. Sherbet. The basis of a sherbet is the same as that of an ice except that whole or skim milk, or condensed milk and water, or ice cream mix and water are used in place of all water. The milk solids improve the body and flavor of the finished product. If the batch freezer -1.s used in making the sherbet, add the acid at the freezer so as to prevent curdling. If using the continuous freezer, add the acid slowly at the tank, taking care to have the mix as near 32°F as possible. A suggested formula for a sherbet is as follows: Sugar - 18 lb. cane or beet sugar 7 lb. corn sugar 20 lb. corn sirup or 12 lb. cane or beet sugar 12-18 lb. mix (depending on smoothness desired) 5 1/2 oz. dry citric acid or 11 oz. of 50 percent solution (other organic acids, such as lactic, may be used) 4 oz. pectin or other suitable stabilizer Fruits and flavor combinations as desired Water to make 10 gal. Whip to 35 to 50 percent, depending upon the amount of total solids present. 7 13. Lacto (for 5 gal.) 1 doz. eggs, whipped 3 gal. starter 1 1/2 pt. lemon juice 9 lb. sugar 1 qt. grape juice (or other flavor desired) Dissolve the sugar in the starter; beat the egg yolks and whites separately and add after the mix is in the freezer. 14. Souffle. A souffle differs from a sherbet mainly in that it contains whole eggs. Pineapple: 3 gal. water or skim milk 1 gal. grated pineapple 4 doz. eggs 1 qt. lemon juice 12 lb. sugar This formula may be used for any souffle by substituting other flavoring. 15. Frappe (for 5 gal.) 3 doz. lemons 2 lb. sugar 1 doz. oranges Water to make 5 gal. 2 qt. grape juice A better flavored product can be obtained by aging the mixture at low temperature in glass or earthenware containers until a good blend of flavors is obtained. 16. Punch 58 lb. water 20 lb. sugar 11 qt. grape juice 17. 1 qt. lemon juice 1 qt. raspberry juice Liquors and spices as desired Fruit salad. This product consists of a mixture of mayonnaise, whipped cream, and fruits. The mayonnaise may be prepared as follows: 1/2 lb. dried egg yolk 1/2 lb. butter 2 lb. sugar 2/3 pt. vinegar 6 tsp. salt 1/2 pt. water 3 tsp. mustard Mix the ingredients and heat to about 185°F. (If practicable, prepare in large quantities and homogenize.) Add enough cooled mayonnaise to the whipped cream to give it the desired flavor. The above quantity should be used with about 2/3 gal. of ice cream. A small quantity of gelatin will improve the body. Whole fruit - pears, peaches, apricots, white and red cherries, pineapple cubes or slices - should be mixed with the cream mixture and the whole allowed to stiffen before being placed in brick pans or Seal-rights. About 4 qt. of fruit should be used with the above amount of mayonnaise. 18. 19. Fruit ices for bars. 100 lb. sugar 33 lb. dextrose 3 lb. pectin 2 1/4 lb. citric acid crystals 3 gal. flavoring material Enough water to make 90 gal. Specialties a. French pot ice cream The French pot method of manufacturing ice cream was commonly used many years ago. The mix is prepared from rich cream, sugar, and eggs and is cooked at a fairly high temperature, so that a custard-like flavor is produced. Freezing is done in a copper pot, which is surrounded by salt and ice. During freezing the mix is agitated with a paddle. Little air is incorporated, so that the product is rather heavy in body and rich in flavor. 8 b. 20. Eggnog ice cream 5 gal. mix 3 doz. egg yolks, cooked to a custard in a portion of the mix 1/2 pt. dark rum 1 1/2 oz. egg color 1 oz. lemon extract 1 1/2 oz. vanilla extract Spices if desired c. Chocolate cake roll 3 lb. sugar 3 pt. whole milk 1 lb. vegetable shortening 1 oz. baking soda 3 lb. cake flour 4 oz. melted chocolate 1 doz. eggs Cream the sugar and shortening until very smooth, using a mechanical mixer. Add eggs and again mix. Add melted chocolate and milk in which the soda has been dissolved. Finally add the flour and mix thoroughly about 5 min. Spread the batter in a baker's sheet pan with sides and bottom covered with waxed paper. Bake at 350°F for about 10 min. A crust should form on the surface, which will prevent the penetration of the ice cream. When the cake is cool, spread with vanilla ice cream and form into a roll. d. Aufait This is a brick ice cream consisting of layers of one or more kinds of ice cream between which are solid layers of frozen fruit. Care should be taken not to make the layer of fruit too thick, since it freezes harder than the ice cream. Miscellaneous Recipes a. Simple sirup (1) 30 lb. sugar 7 qt. boiling water Add the sugar to the water slowly, keeping the mixture thoroughly agitated. (2) 7 gal. high-conversion corn sirup 3 gal. water Mix together; no heating necessary. b. Eggnog base Mix together 12 doz. eggs, 8 lb. sugar, and 6 gal. of 22 percent cream. Heat to 160°F for 20 min. Cool to 130°F and homogenize at 2000 lb. pressure. Whip~ and serve with liquor.