AN-PRC-152 Falcon III Handheld Radio

Table of Contents
Chapter 1
Introduction to the AN/PRC-152 Falcon III
1
Chapter 2
AN/PRC-152 Basic Operation
19
Chapter 3
AN/PRC-152 COMSEC
31
Chapter 4
AN/PRC-152 VULOS LOS Fixed Frequency Operation
49
Chapter 5
AN/PRC-152 VULOS Dedicated UHF SATCOM
63
Chapter 6
AN/PRC-152 SINCGARS Frequency Hopping
81
Chapter 7
AN/PRC-152 RETRANS Operations
109
Chapter 8
AN/PRC-152 Other Modes and Capabilities
117
Chapter 9
AN/PRC-152 OTAR Operations
129
Chapter 10
AN/PRC-152 Scan Operations
139
Chapter 11
Falcon III Radio Programming Application RF-6550M
145
Introduction to the
AN/PRC-152 Falcon III
Multi-band Handheld
Radio
AN/PRC-152 Falcon III
Multi-band Handheld Radio
Course Objectives
At the conclusion of this course the student
will be able to understand the terminology and
operation of the AN/PRC-152 Falcon III Radio
2 Course Outline
• Introduction
• Basic Operation
• COMSEC
• VULOS Fixed Frequency Operation
• Dedicated UHF SATCOM
• SINCGARS Frequency Hopping
• Retransmission Operations
• Other Modes and Capabilities
• OTAR
• Scan Mode
• Radio Programming Application (RPA)
3 AN/PRC-152 Safety Warnings
RF Radiation Hazard
Transmitting Automatically
4 •
RF Radiation Hazard: Avoid contact and prolonged proximity exposure to
transmitting antennas.
•
Some SATCOM and VHF/UHF Line of Site (VULOS) data operations
cause the radio set to transmit automatically without operator intervention.
ARQ Data System Reception also causes the radio to transmit its
acknowledgments. Avoid contact with all antennas or exposure directly in
front of the SATCOM antenna.
Battery Safety Warnings
Battery connector on radio
•
Do not crush, disassemble, incinerate, or mutilate the lithium-ion battery
•
Dispose of batteries properly
•
Do not short circuit
•
Use only approved battery chargers
•
Never expose lithium batteries to water; this could cause a fire or
explosion
5 Cautions
• Unauthorized frequencies
• Antenna and connector damage
• Controlled Cryptographic Item (CCI)
•
Do not operate the AN/PRC-152 on unauthorized frequencies. The
AN/PRC-152 frequency band coverage does not constitute authorization
for indiscriminate use of any frequency.
•
The AN/PRC-152 radio is a Controlled Cryptographic Item (CCI). Use
appropriate security measures to protect it as dictated by your security
manager or service regulations.
– Double barrier locked storage devices for un-keyed storage
– Store radio with function switch set to OFF
– Filled radio takes on same classification as loaded keys
6 AN/PRC-152 Features (1)
AN/PRC-152(V)1(C)
Without GPS
AN/PRC-152(V)2(C)
With GPS
• The AN/PRC-152 is available in two hardware configurations:
-
AN/PRC-152(V)1(C): Includes all features except internal GPS time
synchronization.
AN/PRC-152(V)2(C): Includes all features including internal GPS time
synchronization.
– (V) Version
– (C) CCI
-
• Supported Waveforms:
-
VHF/UHF Line of Sight (LOS) Fixed frequency FM and AM
SINCGARS Frequency Hopping
UHF Dedicated SATCOM
HAVEQUICK Frequency Hopping
7 AN/PRC-152 Features (2)
• LOS fixed frequency
• SINCGARS Frequency Hopping
• Dedicated UHF SATCOM
• HPW
• HAVEQUICK Frequency Hopping
8 •
VULOS fixed frequency operation from 30 MHz to 511.99999 MHz
Programmable in 100 Hz increments from the front panel. Amplitude
Modulation (AM) from 30 MHz to 89.99999 MHz and Frequency
Modulation (FM) from 30 MHz to 511.99999 MHz.
•
Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS)
compatibility from 30 MHz to 87.975 MHz
•
Dedicated UHF SATCOM (MIL-STD-188-181B) using 5 kHz Narrowband
(NB) or 25 kHz Wideband (WB) satellite channels. 249 channel codes are
preprogrammed into the radio; code 999 for non-standard frequencies.
•
HPW (High Performance Waveform) is an optional modulation that uses
KG-84C encryption. It is used with Harris Wireless Message Terminal
software.
•
HAVEQUICK frequency hopping in AM from 225 MHZ to 399.975 KHz
AN/PRC-152 Features (3)
• Embedded US Type-1 COMSEC:
• VINSON (KY-57/58)
• Advanced Narrow Band Digital Voice Terminal
(ANDVT)
• KYV-5 (SINCGARS Enhanced Data Mode)
• KG-84C
• Fascinator (FED-STD-1023)Up battery (HUB)
•
Embedded COMSEC:
-
VINSON: Voice and data at 16 kbps, 25 kHz wideband.
-
Advanced Narrow Band Digital Voice Terminal (ANDVT): Voice and
data at 2.4 kbps.
-
KYV-5 (SINCGARS ESIP) uses VINSON COMSEC keys and
allows Enhanced Data Mode data rates
-
KG-84C is primarily data encryption. However, it can be used for
voice on dedicated SATCOM channels. 2.4 kbps for voice, up to 56
kbps for data, 64 kbps with HPW.
-
Fascinator enables interoperability with FED-STD 1023 Fascinator
encryption. Supports voice at 12 kbps and is similar to VINSON.
9 AN/PRC-152 Features (4)
• 99 programmable net presets
• BIT
• Optional Internal GPS
• Hold-Up-Battery (HUB)
• Military and Civilian Squelch
10 •
99 (01-99) programmable SYSTEM presets, VULOS\SATCOM,
SINCGARS, or HAVEQUICK.
•
Built-In Test (BIT) for operational tests and battery check.
•
Internal GPS for Situational Awareness (SA) and Global Time of Day used
in Frequency Hopping.
•
Hold-Up battery (HUB), retains programming and data when the main
battery is removed.
•
Analog Noise, analog tone at 150 Hz, and Digital Squelch.
- Civilian Plain Text LOS System Interoperability
- CDCSS (Continuous Digital Controlled Squelch System) with 83
EIA codes
- CTCSS (Continuous Tone Controlled Squelch System) with 41 EIA
tones
AN/PRC-152 Features (5)
• Program presets via computer
• Radio Firmware is upgradable
• Side Data Port
• Automatic whisper microphone
• PT Override
•
RF-6550M Falcon III Radio Programming Application (RPA) can be used
to program the radio via computer.
•
Software reprogrammable: Ability to integrate newer software into the
radio without having to open the chassis
•
Fully configurable DATA Interface: Synchronous data up to 56 kbps on
the 32-pin side connector. 64 kbps with HPW.
•
Automatic whisper microphone mode (10 dB boost on low input signals)
•
PT Override function allows the operator to hear Plain Text Voice in Cipher
Text mode.
11 Other Capabilities
• Scan Mode
• OTAR capable
• Emergency Beacon Mode
• External GPS Interface
• Remote Control
12 •
The radio can scan up to 10 LOS Fix Frequency or dedicated SATCOM
voice nets. It cannot scan Frequency Hopping nets.
•
It is capable of Over-the-Air-Rekeying (OTAR) and Over-the-Air-Transfer
(OTAT). This is where a distant radio can be rekeyed or a key can be
transferred to a fill device attached to the distant radio.
•
It is capable of transmitting a user programmed emergency locator beacon
from 90 MHz to 511.99999 MHz; AM or FM. Beacon Mode Preset
•
External GPS Interface on 32-pin side connector: Interfaces with PLGR,
PLGR-II, and DAGR GPS devices. Also NMEA for civilian GPS
compatibility.
•
Remote Control: Asynchronous data connection using text based
commands, HyperTerminal, or ProComm 32-pin side connector.
Frequency Band
Characteristics (1)
VHF Low Band
30 MHz
89.99999 MHz
•
VULOS & SINCGARS Waveforms
•
Modulation: FM
•
5 watts maximum output power
•
Standard 150 Hz tone squelch operation
•
SINCGARS Frequency Hopping (FH) operation (30 - 87.975 MHz)
•
VINSON, Fascinator & AES encryption on voice nets
•
VINSON, KG-84C, & AES on data nets
•
AES is not Type-1 COMSEC
13 Frequency Bands
Characteristics (2)
VHF High/UHF Band
90 MHz
14 225 MHz
511.99999 MHz
•
VULOS & HAVEQUICK Waveforms
•
Modulations: FM & AM
•
5 watts maximum output power
•
Standard noise squelch operation
•
VINSON, Fascinator & AES encryption on voice nets
•
VINSON, KG-84C, & AES on data nets
•
ANDVT on voice & data nets from 225 to 511.99999 MHz only
•
Beacon transmit Mode
Frequency Bands
Characteristics (3)
SATCOM
Down Link
243 MHz
270 MHz
•
Dedicated UHF SATCOM
•
Modulations: FSK, SBPSK, CPM, & HPW
•
5 watts maximum output power
•
VINSON on 25 kHz WB voice or data
•
Fascinator on 25 kHz WB voice
•
ANDVT on 5 kHz NB voice or data
•
Up Link
292 MHz
318 MHz
KG-84: Up to 56 kbps data encryption with FSK, SBPSK, & CPM. 64
kbps with HPW
15 Other Characteristics
• Shuts down at 60 C
• Takes approximately 27 seconds to start up
• Takes approximately 2-3 seconds to change nets
• Takes approximately 2-3 seconds to change PT/CT
• Takes approximately 6 seconds to change Waveform nets
• Radio warms up 10 degrees in first two minutes
automatically; normal for software processing
AN/PRC-152 Interoperability
16 AN/VRC-110 Vehicular Adapter
Amplifier
Frequency Range: 30 to 512 MHz
Output Power:
• 30-90 MHz: 5, 20 or 50 watts on J3 antenna port
• 90-512 MHz: 20 watts with 50 watts in SATCOM bands on J4 antenna
port.
• Separate VHF and UHF antenna ports and automatic port switching.
Input Power: +20 VDC to +32 VDC
The system’s “jerk-and-run” capability allows the AN/PRC-152 radio to be quickly
removed while remaining powered on.
An integrated handheld battery charger provides simultaneous operation and
charging of the handheld radio battery
17 Optional VAA Deployment
Transit Case System
18 AN/PRC-152
Basic Operation
AN/PRC-152 Basic Operation
Objectives:
• Equipment description and purpose of controls, indicators
and connectors.
• Radio interface navigation, displays, menu trees and
keyboard interaction.
• Hold-up Battery (HUB) installation and replacement.
20 Included Items
AN/PRC-152(V)1(C) Radio Assembly without GPS
AN/PRC-152(V)2(C) Radio Assembly with GPS
Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Battery
The GPS Antenna is for the (V)2(C) model only. It is an active antenna and
draws power from the battery.
The VHF Blade Antenna is 38.6 inches long and covers 30 MHz to 108 MHz. It
has a higher gain then the Whip Antenna.
The VHF/UHF Whip Antenna is 13.5 inches long and covers 30 MHz to
511.99999 MHz.
Operator Quick Reference Guide
21 Optional Items
H-250 Handset
Headset
Single bay battery charger
Six bay battery charger
Side Connector to DB25 Synchronous Data Cable
USB Field Programming Cable with adapter
Holster
Handheld Accessory Bag
UHF HH Whip Antenna, 225 MHz to 450 MHz
SATCOM Antenna Kit (RF-3080 AT001)
Retransmit Cable
22 System Setup
•
Attach the battery by seating it on the base of the radio at an angle to the
base then twist the battery clockwise until it locks in place.
•
Depending on the frequencies being used (e.g. SINCGARS, SATCOM,
etc) screw the correct antenna to the TNC (Threaded N-Connector).
•
If using the internal GPS, ensure the connectors are free of loose metal
filings, and then screw the antenna into the connector.
•
Optional handset or headset can be attached to the 6-pin audio connector
on the top.
23 Controls, Indicators, and
Connectors (1)
4
1
2
3
8
5
6
7
1: Volume Control: Increase or decrease volume
2: PTT: Push-To-Talk switch
3: Monitor: Toggles squelch on and off
4: GPS Antenna Connector: For (V)2(C) model only.
5: 6-Pin Audio/Fill Connector: Connection for optional handset or data device
6: Cipher Switch: PT places the radio in Plain Text mode (non-encrypted). LD
places the radio off line ready to load COMSEC and TRANSEC variables. CT
places the radio in Cipher Text mode (encrypted).
7: Function Knob: OFF turns the radio off. 1 – 5 selects system preset 1 – 5. S
places the radio in scan mode. F places the radio in Front Panel mode that
allows access to all keypad functions and system presets. Z is used to Panic
Zeroize the Radio.
8: Antenna Connector: 50-ohm Threaded N-Connector
24 Controls, Indicators, and
Connectors (2)
10
13
9
11
12
14
9: Built-in Microphone
10: Built-in Speaker
11: LCD Display
12: Keypad
13: 32-pin Side Connector: Interface for various remote data devices.
14: Battery Latch: Slide up to unlock battery.
25 Keypad (1)
•
1/ CALL: Initiates specific action depending on current operating mode.
– HAVEQUICK: Time-of-Day (TOD) sync request transmit or receive
– HAVEQUICK: Guard Receiver Access
– SINCGARS FH: Cue, COLDSTART ERF, and Normal ERF
– SATCOM Receive Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) Test
26 •
2/ LT: Accesses the KDU backlight intensity and contrast control menu.
•
3/ Mode: Selects the operational mode (Beacon, Clone, and OTAR)
•
5/ ZERO: Will Zeroize radio’s (Black data) Returns radio configuration to
default
•
6/ Up Arrow: Scrolls up through menus/choices.
Keypad (2)
•
7/OPT: Accesses option menu for the current operating mode and net.
Radio stays on-line while changes are made.
•
8/PGM: Accesses the radio’s programming menus. Radio is offline, no
communications are possible when in programming mode.
•
9/ Down Arrow: Scrolls down through menus/choices.
•
CLR: Returns a field to its previous value, or activates the previous
menu.
•
ENT: Selects scroll field choices or locks in entry field data.
•
PRE +/-: Scrolls through the system presets.
•
Left/Right Arrows: Moves the cursor when editing text, page up/down
through menus, and Operational Overrides on the main system preset
screen.
27 Hold-Up Battery
The HUB battery is a 3 volt lithium type battery used to retain the radio
programming and COMSEC variables.
When a charged main battery is connected, Memory is held up by it,
and the HUB is automatically disconnected to extend its life.
The HUB is a 3 VDC commercially available lithium coin-type battery
(Harris # B41-0019-008; Panasonic #BR3032).
When HUB battery is replaced Split Key will need to be reloaded.
If key is not reloaded radio will not accept TYPE 1 COMSEC.
28 Transmit Power Levels
•
HIGH - 5 Watts
•
MEDIUM - 2 Watts
•
LOW - 0.25 Watts
•
USER - Custom power level: Used to set the transmit power to a custom
level in the range of 0 to 13 dB down from full power (5 Watts). Power
output adjusts from +17 dBm (0.25 watts) to +37 dBm (5 watts) to allow for
proper output within authorized Effective Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP)
levels.
•
Power levels will be different if used in a Vehicular Amplifier Adapter
(VAA).
29 This page intentionally left blank.
30 AN/PRC-152
COMSEC
AN/PRC-152 Basic Operation
Objectives:
• COMSEC Mode capabilities and limitations.
• Loading COMSEC keys.
• Zeroizing COMSEC keys and radio parameters.
Warning!
Fill Devices and the AN/PRC-152
• Do not connect ANY Fill Device to ADF connector until the
radio cipher switch is placed to the LD position. Attaching
the Fill Device prematurely causes the AN/PRC-152 to key
and transmit.
• Upon finishing procedures in LD position, disconnect the
Fill Device before returning to PT or CT.
32 Embedded Encryption
Device Compatibility
KY-57 VINSON
KY-99A ANDVT
KG-84
Operation in any of the embedded COMSEC modes requires COMSEC keys be
loaded.
33 VINSON (KY-57) Encryption
VINSON (KY-57) is 25 kHz wideband COMSEC and is the normal voice
encryption mode for all bands and modes except five kHz Narrowband SATCOM.
•
Converts analog voice to encrypted data at 16 kbps using CVSD
(Continuously Variable Slope Delta) modulation
SINCGARS in SDM (Standard Data Mode) Data rates RS232, 600, 1200, 2400,
4800, & 16kbps. EDM (Enhanced Data Mode) data rates are denoted by an N;
1200N, 2400N, 4800N, & 9600N.
•
It Supports OTAR operations
The Radio can store 25 VINSON Traffic Encryption Keys (TEK), 1 VINSON KEK,
& 1 TrKEK. TrKEK is a transfer KEK. It is used to decrypt black TEKs loaded
into the radio. KYV-5 & Fascinator share VINSON COMSEC storage.
34 Advanced Narrowband Digital Voice
Terminal (ANDVT)
Encryption (KY-99)
Supports voice and data encryption on NB 5 kHz SATCOM channels
•
Only selectable when programming a Dedicated SATCOM Net
•
Voice data rate is always 2400 bps.
•
Data rates of 1200 or 2400 bps.
•
Uses LPC-10 or MELP digital voice encoding with automatic detection and
switching
•
Training frames settings must match on all radios, default is 20.
•
Does not support OTAR operations!
•
The Radio can store 25 ANDVT TEKs, & 1 TrKEK.
35 KG-84C Encryption
KG-84C is used for data only encryption. Using MS181 SATCOM modulation the
radio can support up to 9600 bps on 5 kHz channels and up to 56 kbps on 25
kHz channels. Also used with AM & FM modulations in LOS.
HPW also uses KG-84C up to 56 kbps.
The Radio can store 25 KG-84C TEKs, & 1 TrKEK.
Does not support OTAR operations!
36 Operational Modes and
Associated COMSEC type
LOS fixed frequency - VINSON
Frequency Hopping
• SINCGARS – VINSON
• HAVE QUICK – VINSON
Dedicated UHF SATCOM
• NB 5 kHz – ANDVT
• WB 25 kHz - VINSON
• HPW - KG-84C
Under normal circumstances, the above listed COMSEC type is used for the net
type. However, each net type can use more than one type of COMSEC.
•
LOS fixed frequency
o Below 225 MHz: VINSON, Fascinator, KG-84C, and AES
o Above 225 MHz: ANDVT, VINSON, Fascinator, KG-84C, and AES
•
Dedicated UHF SATCOM
o 5 kHz: ANDVT & KG-84C
o 25 kHz: ANDVT, VINSON, Fascinator, & KG-84C
o HPW: KG-84C.
•
Frequency Hopping
o SINCGARS: VINSON
o HAVE QUICK: VINSON
37 Fill Devices
AN/PYQ-10 / SKL
AN/CYZ-10
KYX-15
KOI-18 Tape Reader
KYK-13
MX-18290
The AN/PRC-152 can accept COMSEC Fills using either DS-101 or DS-102
protocol. DS-101 is a newer interface used by FILL User Application Software.
FILL UAS can be installed into and AN/CYZ-10 and is used for single COMSEC
keys. DS-102 is the interface type of the Common Fill Device Family that
includes the KYX-15, KOI-18, KYK-13, & the MX-18290. RBECS DTD Software
(RDS) uses the DS-102 protocol and is installed into a AN/CYZ-10. The SKL can
use either DS-101 or DS-102 protocol.
When loading individual COMSEC keys many different devices can be used.
- CYZ-10 DS-101 (FILL UAS)
- MX-18290
- KYK-13
- KYX-15
- KOI-18
CYZ-10 RDS is for loading a SINCGARS FH LOADSET. If the COMSEC is in
RDS, individual keys can be loaded by selecting the COMSEC menu in RDS and
KYK-13 for a fill device on the radio. MX-18290 holds both single TEKs and
SINCGARS TSKs.
38 COMSEC & TRANSEC
Storage Positions
WAVEFORM
VULOS
HPW
SINCGARS
HAVEQUICK
KEYS
VINSON
FASCINATOR
ANDVT
KG-84C
AES
KG-84C
VINSON
VINSON
TEK STORAGE
POSITIONS
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
WAVEFORM
HPW
SINCGARS
HAVEQUICK
KEYS
SATELLITE TSK
ESETS
MWOD
STORAGE POSITIONS
25
25
31
AES is TYPE-3 COMSEC, all the other keys are TYPE-1 COMSEC.
There are 25 TEKs per crypto type per Waveform; 300 maximum.
Only one TrKEK per waveform regardless of crypto type.
Only two KEKs can be loaded;
1.
2.
VULOS VINSON KEK,
SINCGARS VINSON KEK.
Therefore Over-The-Air Rekeying (OTAR) can only be performed in VULOS or
SINCGARS CT VINSON preset.
39 Loading Single COMSEC Key (1)
AN/PRC-152 settings
FILL MENU
FILL
LOAD OTAR TEK
TERMINAL MODE
FILL MENU
WAVEFORM FOR KEY
VULOS
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
FILL MENU
FILL DEVICE
KYK-13
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
FILL MENU
PRESS ENT TO
INITIATE FILL
Selecting KYK-13 for a fill device allows the operator to load single COMSEC
keys from many devices such as a KYK-13, an SKL, or an AN/CYZ-10.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
40 Place the Cipher Switch to LD. Attach the fill device.
Select FILL
Enter PASSWORD (The first time when accessing this menu.)
Select WAVEFORM FOR KEY:
o VULOS
o SINCGARS
o HPW
o HAVEQUICKII
o DSS Public Key
(If loading a single key for SATCOM or Line of Sight (LOS), select
VULOS.)
Select FILL DEVICE: KYK-13
PRESS ENT TO INITIATE FILL is displayed
Loading Single COMSEC Key (2)
AN-CYZ-10 RDS settings
Send Receive
sEtup Comsec
vG
Ak
Ld
MK
Database
Time
Rv
vU
Select:
Tek Kek
Select key
USKAT1234
qUit
XMT
Press [Load] on RT
If using RDS (Radio) software from a AN/CYZ-10 use the following steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Select COMSEC
Select LD
Select the key type (TEK or KEK)
If necessary press the P DN (page down) to locate the correct key
Press the ENTR button to ‘tag’ the key. XMT will be in the lower right. Be
sure to tag only one key. Pressing the ENTR button again will un-tag the
key.
Select qUit
Connect ANCD to RT is displayed on the AN/CYZ-10, press ENTR or the
down arrow button
Sending TEK USKAT1234 (for example) is displayed.
Press [LOAD] on RT is displayed. NOW press the ENT button on the
radio.
41 Loading Single COMSEC Key (3)
SKL settings
If using a AN/PYQ-10 SKL use the following steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
42 After you have logged into the SKL select the Keys Tab.
Select the correct key then press the LOAD icon in the top right of the
screen. There may be more then one Edition under a short title, expand
the tree and select the correct Edition.
Select DS-102 for the Protocol and KYK-13 for the Activation Mode.
Press OK.
Press OK at the Ready to Send Key screen.
When the Status screen displays Press INITIATE Button…, press the ENT
button on the radio.
Loading Single COMSEC Key (4)
FILL MENU
FILL IN PROGRESS
WAIT
FILL MENU
KEY TYPE:
KEY NUMBER:
TO SCROLL / ENT TO STORE
FILL MENU
FILL MENU
CRYPTO MODE
VINSON
TEK
01
CLASSIFICATION
SECRET
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
TO SCROLL / ENT CONT / CLR ABORT
FILL MENU
KEY TYPE:
KEY NUMBER:
TEK
01
FILL MENU
LOAD ANOTHER KEY
YES
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
TO SCROLL / ENT TO STORE
•
When you press ENT, the radio will display ‘FILL IN PROGRESS’.
•
If the transfer was successful, select the CRYPTO MODE:
o VINSON
o FASCINATOR
o ANDVT
o KG84
•
Select the KEY TYPE: TEK then the KEY NUMBER: 01. The key number will
advance to the next empty position the next time a key is loaded.
•
Select the CLASSIFICATION:
o SECRET
o TOP SECRET
o CONFIDENTIAL
o UNCLASSIFIED
•
LOAD ANOTHER KEY YES. Select YES and the screen returns to the
WAVEFORM FOR KEY screen. Select NO and the screen returns to the first
FILL MENU screen.
•
Disconnect the fill device and place the Cipher Switch to PT.
43 Problems Loading COMSEC
FILL MENU
BAD FILL
PRESS ANY KEY
FILL MENU
COMSEC FAULT
•
If “BAD FILL PRESS ANY KEY” appears, check the radio settings and J1
connections before repeating process.
o
o
o
o
o
Check FILL Device type and FILL Device protocol.
Check Fill cable connections before repeating process.
Ensure O Ring in fill cable is secure.
Clean cable connections.
Attempt to reload radio.
• If “COMSEC FAULT” is flashing, turn both the fill device and radio OFF,
disconnect the fill device, turn the radio back on and try the procedure again.
44 Reviewing KEY Information
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
R BAT
VULOS
TEK01
TEK
TEST OPTIONS
TON
VINSON
CT
VINSON
SECRET
VIEW KEY INFO
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
R BAT
01
CMP
SELECT WAVEFORM
VULOS
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
F300
HOPSET
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
CT
SELECT TYPE
TEK
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
R BAT
VULOS
TSK19
TSK
TON
VINSON
CT
NONE
UNCLASSIFIED
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
•
To review key information, press 7/OPT key and select VIEW KEY INFO.
•
Select the Waveform (VULOS, SINCGARS, HPW, etc)
•
Select the key type (TEK, KEK, TRKEK)
•
Scroll up or down to view what key positions have been loaded under each
Crypto Mode and their classification.
•
SINCGARS HOPSETs, TSKs, and LOCKOUTs can also be viewed.
45 Zeroizing and Clearing Data
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
R BAT
ZEROIZE ALL
R BAT
R BAT
VULOS
TON
TON
VINSON
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
VINSON
CT
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
ZEROIZE ALL
NO
ZEROIZE VINSON TEK
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
ZERO SWITCH
PRESS VOLUME UP
TO ZEROIZE
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
MOVE SWITCH FROM Z-ALL TO EXIT
TON
CT
TEK01
DEACTIVE PLAN
NO
VULOS
CT
SELECT WAVEFORM
SINCGARS
DEACTIVATE MISSION PLAN
SELECTIVE ZEROIZE
R BAT
VULOS
VINSON
ADMIN PASSWORD
*****************
CT
PANIC ZEROIZE
SUCCESSFUL
POWER CYCLE RADIO
ENTER ALPHANUMERIC PASSWORD
46 •
A radio loaded with COMSEC takes on the classification of the COMSEC
•
To interactively ZEROIZE radio Press 5/ ZERO key:
•
ZEROIZE ALL will delete all COMSEC, TRANSEC, and programming
data.
•
DEACTIVATE MISSION PLAN will reset the System Presets and
configurations to default. Mission plans loaded from the PC Radio
Programming Applicationwill not be deleted and can be reloaded
•
SELECTIVE ZEROIZE allows the operator to delete individual keys by
selecting the Waveform, Type, Crypto Mode, then the key to be deleted.
•
ERASE MISSION PLANS deletes mission plans loaded from the PC
Radio Programming Application
•
To panic Zeroize the radio rotate the Function Switch to Z and press the
Volume Up bottom on the side of the radio. This performs the same
function as ZEROIZE ALL. The radio must be turned off after Panic
Zeroizing. The radio will display a CRYPTO ALERT PANIC ZEROIZE
message when turned back on.
Practical Exercise
AN/PRC-152
COMSEC
47 This page intentionally left blank.
48 AN/PRC-152 VULOS
LOS Fixed Frequency
Operation
VULOS Fixed Frequency
Objectives:
• Program the AN/PRC-152 for LOS fixed frequency operation
• Operate the AN/PRC-152 in a LOS fixed frequency net.
VULOS Fixed Frequency
Practical Considerations
• Most ground to ground station communications are FM
–Tone Squelch below 90.000 MHz
– Noise Squelch above 90.000 MHz
• Ground to Air Communications are AM
– VHF-High - 116.000 MHz to 150.000 MHz
– UHF - 225.000 MHz to 399.995 MHz
– Noise Squelch
50 LOS Fixed Frequency
Programming Below 90 MHz (1)
8
VWX PGM
PGM
PGM – SYS PRESETS – CFG - 05
RADIO CONFIG
SYSTEM PRESETS
HAVEQUICKII CONFIG
PGM – SYS PRESETS
PRESET WAVEFORM
VULOS
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
PGM – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 05 - VULOS
SYSTEM PRESET CONFIG
GENERAL CONFIG
RESET SYSTEM PRESET
SYSTEM SCAN CONFIG
FREQUENCY
COMSEC
PGM – SYS PRESETS - CFG
. . PRESETS – CFG – 05 – VULOS - CONFIG
SYSTEM PRESET NUMBER
0 5-<EMPTY>
PRESET NAME
F MVOICE02
ENTER 01 – 99 / PRE + / -TO SCROLL
PGM – SYS PRESETS – CFG - 05
ENTER ALPHANUMERIC PRESET NAME
. . PRESETS – CFG – 05 – VULOS - CONFIG
PRESET DESCRIPTION
I NSERT DESCRIPTION
ENTER DESCRIPTION
PRESET TYPE
LOS
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
•
Press the PGM button
•
Arrow down to highlight SYSTEM PRESETS, press ENT
•
Select SYSTEM PRESET CONFIG
•
Select the SYSTEM PRESET NUMBER
•
Enter a PRESET DESCRIPTION (optional)
•
Scroll to select VULOS for PRESET WAVEFORM
•
Select GENERAL CONFIG
•
Enter a PRESET NAME (up to 11 characters)
•
Select LOS for PRESET TYPE
51 LOS Fixed Frequency
Programming Below 90 MHz (2)
PGM – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 05 - VULOS
. . YS PRESETS – CFG – 05 – VULOS - FREQ
TX FREQUENCY
35.0000
GENERAL CONFIG
FREQUENCY
COMSEC
. . YS PRESETS – CFG – 05 – VULOS - FREQ
RX FREQUENCY
035.000 0
ENTER 30.0000 TO 511.9999
. . YS PRESETS – CFG – 05 – VULOS - FREQ
PRESS ENT TO CONTINUE
PGM – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 05 - VULOS
GENERAL CONFIG
FREQUENCY
COMSEC
. . PRESETS – CFG – 05 – VULOS - COMSEC
RECEIVE ONLY
CRYPTO MODE
NO
VINSON
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
. . YS PRESETS – CFG – 05 – VULOS - FREQ
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
. . PRESETS – CFG – 05 – VULOS - COMSEC
TX FREQUENCY
USE RX FREQ
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
52 CRYPTO KEY
TEK01
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
•
Select FREQUENCY
•
Enter the frequency. The range is 30.0000 MHz to 511.9999 MHz.
•
Select NO for RECEIVE ONLY. YES will prevent the radio from
transmitting.
•
USE RX FREQ for TX FREQUENCY. To enter a different frequency select
EDIT TX FREQ
•
Press ENT. The TX Frequency cannot be edited when USE RX FREQ
was selected.
•
Select COMSEC
•
Select VINSON for CRYPTO MODE. VINSON is the normal crypto mode
for most military communications.
•
Select the CRYPTO KEY position (e.g. TEK01)
LOS Fixed Frequency
Programming Below 90 MHz (3)
PGM – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 05 - VULOS
. . YS PRESETS – CFG – 05 – VULOS - TRAFFIC
FM DEVIATION
TRAFFIC
8.0 KHz
TX POWER
SQUELCH
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
. . YS PRESETS – CFG – 05 – VULOS - TRAFFIC
TRAFFIC MODE
VOICE
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
. . YS PRESETS – CFG – 05 – VULOS - TRAFFIC
PGM – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 05 - VULOS
TRAFFIC
TX POWER
SQUELCH
. . S PRESETS – CFG – 05 – VULOS - POWER
VOICE MODE
CVSD
TX POWER LEVEL
HIGH
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
ENT TO CONTINUE / CLR TO EXIT
. . YS PRESETS – CFG – 05 – VULOS - TRAFFIC
. . S PRESETS – CFG – 05 – VULOS - POWER
MODULATION TYPE
FM
PRESS ENT TO CONTINUE
USER TX POWER LEVEL
00 DB DOWN
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
•
Select TRAFFIC
•
Set TRAFFIC MODE to VOICE. Selecting DATA allows data at 16 kbps.
•
VOICE MODE cannot be edited, press ENT
•
MODULATION TYPE also cannot be edited, press ENT.
•
Select 8.0 KHz for FM DEVIATION. Use 6.5 KHz for SINCGARS
compatibility. 5.0 KHz is the third choice.
•
Select TX POWER. Choices are HIGH (5 watts), MEDIUM (2 watts), LOW
(0.25 watts), & USER. User allows for 14 power levels from 0 DB down
(equal to 5 watts) to 13 DB down (equal to 0.25 watts) from full power.
Medium (2 watts) is 4 DB down.
53 LOS Fixed Frequency
Programming Below 90 MHz (4)
PGM – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 05 - VULOS
TRAFFIC
TX POWER
SQUELCH
. . PRESETS – CFG – 05 – VULOS - SQUELCH
SQUELCH TYPE
TONE
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
PGM – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 05 - VULOS
EXIT
PGM – SYS PRESETS
SYSTEM PRESET CONFIG
RESET SYSTEM PRESET
SYSTEM SCAN CONFIG
54 •
Select SQUELCH
•
Select TONE for SQUELCH TYPE. OFF, NOISE, CTCSS, & CDCSS are
the other choices. Noise is normally used above 90 MHz. CTCSS is
Continuous Tone Coded Squelch System and has 42 codes plus a user
entry. CDCSS is Continuous Digital Coded Squelch System and has 83
codes. CTCSS & CDCSS are for civilian radio compatibility.
•
Select EXIT.
•
Select SYSTEM PRESET CONFIG to program another Preset or press
the PGM button to exit programming mode.
Main Operational Screens (1)
Waveform
Type
BAT/VOL meter
Squelch
Indicator
Crypto
Type
Cipher
Type
Next Indicator
TX/RX Indicator
R BAT
Preset # and Name
Preset Type
VULOS
TON
05 - FM LOS 1
LOS VOC
FM
TYPE
TRF
MOD
Traffic Type
Modulation Type
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
VINSON
CT
RX / TX Power
---
01
CHAN
KEY
Crypto Key
Channel #
TX/RX Indicator: T for Transmit, R for Receive. Some Waveforms can
automatically transmit.
BAT/VOL meter: BAT: Battery meter displays by default and has 5 levels.
VOL: Volume meter is display for 4 sec when volume up/down is pressed.
VAA indicates the radio is connected to a Vehicular Amplifier Adapter.
Waveform Type: VULOS, SNCGR, HPW, etc.
Squelch Indicator: TON, NOI, DIG, TCS, DCS, or BSY.
Crypto Type: VINSON, ANDVT, etc. PT RX is displayed indicating Plain
Text Override; receiving PT while in CT.
Cipher Type: PT, CT, or LD.
Preset # and Name: Current System Preset. (Can be over-ridden).
Next Indicator: Indicates more than one screen is available. Press the 0
or circle arrow button to change screens.
RX / TX Power: Displays transmit power level or receive signal-detected
level. Fills bottom to top for TX and left to right for RX.
Preset Type: LOS or SAT. (Can be over-ridden).
Traffic Type: Voice or Data. (Can be over-ridden).
Modulation Type: Below 90 MHz, FM only. (Can be over-ridden above 90
MHz).
Channel Number: Satcom channel number only. (Can be over-ridden in
Satcom).
Crypto Key: 01 to 25. (Can be over-ridden).
55 Main Operational Screens (2)
R BAT
Receive &
Transmit
Frequencies
R:
T:
VULOS
35.0000
35.0000
FREQUENCY
TON
VINSON
CT
--CHAN
Channel #
Second Operational Screen
56 •
Receive & Transmit Frequencies: If Receive Only was set to YES during
programming, then RX ONLY will be displayed for the Transmit frequency.
(Can be over-ridden).
•
Channel #: Same as the first screen, the Satcom channel number.
Main Operational Screens (3)
VOICE
R BAT
VULOS
25K
132 ----
Bandwidth
Option Code
OPT
DATA
TON
FM
CVSD
VOICE
VINSON
-INTLV
CT
OFF
FEC
Forward Error
Correction
Voice Mode
Interleave Depth
Third Operational Screen
Voice:
•
Bandwidth: Varies dependent on the option code. Can be 25 K, 12.5 K, or
5 K.
•
Option Code: The code defines a set of data parameters. The defined
parameters are Bandwidth, Modulation Mode, Bits per Second Rate,
Interleave Depth, and Forward Error Correction. Below 90 MHz the option
code cannot be edited; it is 132 in CT and 201 PT. Above 90 MHz 200 for
PT AM, and 202 for CT AM are now available.
•
Voice Mode: CLR for 16 k Plain Text, CVSD for 16 k wideband Cipher
Text, LPC and MELP are for ANDVT 2400 bps voice
•
Interleave Depth: Specifies the interleave depth.
57 Main Operational Screens (4)
DATA
BPS Rate
R BAT
VULOS
25K 16.0K
132 SYNC
OPT
DATA
TON
VINSON
CT
FM
----
--
OFF
VOICE
INTLV
FEC
Data Mode
Third Operational Screen cont..
Data:
58 •
BPS Rate: Bits Per Second used for transmitting and receiving data and
digital voice. Using VINSON CRYPTO MODE the rate is 16 kbps only.
Change the CRYPTO MODE to KG-84 and the frequency to 225 MHz or
higher and 23 Option Codes become available with rates between 1200
bps to 56 kbps.
•
Data Mode: Specifies the data synchronization mode, (SYNC or ASYNC)
Main Operational Screens (5)
Large Font Screen
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
05 – FM LOS 1
R BAT
VULOS
TON
-------
CT
PRESET CONFIG ERROR
INVALID CRYPTO MODE
PRESS CLR / ENT TO CONTINUE
R BAT
VULOS
TON
-------
CT
PRESET CONFIG ERROR
TEK NOT FOUND
PRESS CLR / ENT TO CONTINUE
Fourth Operational Screen
•
This is the last screen of each system preset. The screen will remain on
the large font screen when changing system presets.
•
The user can scroll through the complete list of system presets from any
of the screens by using the PRE + or - keys. To select a new preset,
press ENT while viewing that preset, or simply wait four seconds and the
system preset will change automatically.
•
The bottom two screens are common COMSEC programming errors.
Invalid Crypto Mode indicates the Cipher Switch is in the CT position
however, the Crypto Mode was set to NONE. Move the Cipher Switch to
PT.
•
TEK Not Found indicates that an empty Crypto Mode or Crypto Key
position was assigned to the preset.
59 Options (VULOS CONFIG)
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
TON
VINSON
CT
LOCK KEYPAD
RADIO OPTIONS
VULOS CONFIG
R BAT
VULOS
COMSEC
SQUELCH
60 •
Press 7/OPT button and select VULOS CONFIG.
•
This menu allows the operator to modify the COMSEC and SQUELCH
without entering the program mode and taking the radio Offline.
•
The COMSEC and SQUELCH menus are identical to the ones in the
program mode.
•
The Cipher Switch must be in CT to be able to change COMSEC
mode/key from the option menu.
Practical Exercise
AN/PRC-152 VULOS
LOS Fixed Frequency Programming
61 This page intentionally left blank.
62 AN/PRC-152 VULOS
Dedicated UHF SATCOM
Dedicated UHF SATCOM
Objectives:
• Program the AN/PRC-152 for 25 kHz Wideband (WB)
SATCOM and 5 kHz Narrowband (NB) SATCOM.
• Operate the AN/PRC-152 in a dedicated UHF SATCOM net.
64 SATCOM Basics
˚ Military UHF Satellites are in geosynchronous orbits at a range of 22,300 miles,
appearing almost stationary to users on the earth.
˚ Uplink is the transmit frequency to the satellite.
˚ Downlink the receive frequency from the satellite.
˚ Uplink and Downlink frequencies are different. The satellite cannot transmit and
receive on one frequency, there must be frequency separation.
˚ Area of coverage for a satellite is called the footprint. Each footprint area current
has two online satellites located in it.
˚ There are four footprints for UHF SATCOM operations:
˚ Satellites are commonly referred to by their longitudinal position such as ‘the 172
east bird’ or the ‘105 west bird’.
˚ Usually no more than 4 satellites are ‘visible’.
65
25 kHz Dedicated SATCOM
Characteristics
• 25 kHz channels are called Wide Band channels
• VINSON COMSEC most commonly used.
• Non-secure SATCOM is not permitted
• Voice quality similar to telephone or LOS radio
• 33.6 MHz is the common offset between the uplink and
downlink with the uplink being the higher
5 kHz Dedicated SATCOM
Characteristics
• 5 kHz channels are called Narrow Band channels
• ANDVT COMSEC most commonly used
• Non-secure SATCOM is not permitted
• Voice quality is poor due to slower data rate of LPC-10
encoding used by ANDVT
• MELP encoding makes ANDVT COMSEC communications
more understandable
66 Dedicated SATCOM
Programming (1)
8
VWX PGM
PGM
PGM – SYS PRESETS – CFG - 06
RADIO CONFIG
SYSTEM PRESETS
HAVEQUICKII CONFIG
PGM – SYS PRESETS
PRESET WAVEFORM
VULOS
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
PGM – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 06 - VULOS
SYSTEM PRESET CONFIG
GENERAL CONFIG
RESET SYSTEM PRESET
SYSTEM SCAN CONFIG
FREQUENCY
COMSEC
PGM – SYS PRESETS - CFG
. . PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - CONFIG
SYSTEM PRESET NUMBER
0 6-<EMPTY>
PRESET NAME
F MVOICE03
ENTER 01 – 99 / PRE + / -TO SCROLL
PGM – SYS PRESETS – CFG - 06
ENTER ALPHANUMERIC PRESET NAME
. . PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - CONFIG
PRESET DESCRIPTION
I NSERT DESCRIPTION
ENTER DESCRIPTION
PRESET TYPE
SATCOM
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
1. Press the PGM button
2. Arrow down to highlight SYSTEM PRESETS, press ENT
3. Select SYSTEM PRESET CONFIG
4. Select the SYSTEM PRESET NUMBER
5. Enter a PRESET DESCRIPTION (optional)
6. Scroll to select VULOS for PRESET WAVEFORM (Both Single Channel LOS and
SATCOM are VULOS)
7. Select GENERAL CONFIG
8. Enter a PRESET NAME (up to 11 characters)
9. Select SATCOM for PRESET TYPE
67
Dedicated SATCOM
Programming (2)
PGM – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 06 - VULOS
GENERAL CONFIG
FREQUENCY
COMSEC
PGM – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 06 - VULOS
GENERAL CONFIG
FREQUENCY
COMSEC
. . YS PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - FREQ
. . PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - COMSEC
CRYPTO MODE
CHANNEL NUMBER : 9 99
USER
USER
RX FREQ
VINSON
TX FREQ
. . YS PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - FREQ
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
. . PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - COMSEC
CHANNEL NUMBER : 048
260.4250
294.0250
RX FREQ
TX FREQ
CRYPTO KEY
TEK01
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
. . YS PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - FREQ
RECEIVE ONLY
NO
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
1. Select FREQUENCY
2. Enter the Channel code. There are 247 channel codes that correspond to a set
of pre-defined transmit and receive frequencies. Codes 248, 249, & 999 allow for
user defined frequencies. The screens for user defined frequencies are the
same as the LOS screens.
3. Select NO for RECEIVE ONLY. YES will prevent the radio from transmitting.
4. Select COMSEC
5. For CRYPTO MODE select VINSON for 25 kHz wideband or ANDVT for 5 kHz
narrowband.
6. Select the CRYPTO KEY position (e.g. TEK01)
68 Dedicated SATCOM
Programming (3)
. . PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - COMSEC
. . PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - TRAFFIC
TRAINING FRAMES
TRAFFIC MODE
20
VOICE
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
. . PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - COMSEC
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
. . PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - TRAFFIC
ANDVT RX PRIORITY
VOICE MODE
CVSD
ENABLED
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
. . PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - COMSEC
VOICE AUTOSWITCH
ENABLED
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
PGM – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 06 - VULOS
ENT TO CONTINUE / CLR TO EXIT
. . PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - TRAFFIC
OPTION CODE:
25K
FSK 16.0K
BW
MOD TYPE
132
OFF
RATE
FEC
. . PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - TRAFFIC
TRAFFIC
TX POWER
SQUELCH
FM DEVIATION
8.0 KHz
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
˚ If ANDVT was selected for the Crypto Mode, there are 3 additional screens.
Training Frames, ANDVT RX Priority, & Voice Autoswitch. TRAINING FRAMES
are the number of redundant data transmissions the radio transmits before reestablishing the handshake. Valid settings are 6, 9, 12, 15, 20, 30, & 60. All
radios in a net need to be set the same.
˚ ANDVT RX PRIORITY adds a 4 second transmit inhibit in the absence of the End
Of Message flag. (ENABLE or DISABLE)
˚ VOICE AUTOSWITCH enabled allows the radio to automatically switch between
MELP & LPC voice modes based on the incoming transmission. (ENABLE or
DISABLE)
˚ Select TRAFFIC.
˚ Set TRAFFIC MODE to VOICE. Selecting DATA allows data at 16 kbps.
˚ VOICE MODE cannot be edited, press ENT
˚ The OPTION CODE also cannot be edited. 132 is the option code for both Voice
and Data at 16 k.
˚ Select 8.0 KHz for FM DEVIATION. 6.5 KHz & 5.0 KHz are the other choices.
69
Dedicated SATCOM
Programming (4)
. . PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - TRAFFIC
TRAFFIC MODE
VOICE AND DATA
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
. . PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - TRAFFIC
DATA MODE
SYNCHRONOUS
PRESS ENT TO CONTINUE
. . PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - TRAFFIC
VOICE MODE
LPC 2400
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
. . PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - TRAFFIC
LPC CODEBOOK
ENGLISH
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
. . PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - TRAFFIC
OPTION CODE:
5K SBPSK
2400
BW
MOD TYPE
010
OFF
RATE
FEC
PGM – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 06 - VULOS
TRAFFIC
TX POWER
SQUELCH
. . S PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - POWER
TX POWER LEVEL
HIGH
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
. . S PRESETS – CFG – 06 – VULOS - POWER
SQUELCH TYPE
DISABLED
PRESS ENT TO CONTINUE
˚ If ANDVT was selected for the CRYPTO MODE then the TRAFFIC MODE
choices are VOICE AND DATA or DATA. Select VOICE AND DATA.
˚ The DATA MODE cannot be edited.
˚ For VOICE MODE select either LPC 2400 or MELP 2400. MELP provides better
voice quality.
˚ LPC CODEBOOK choices are ENGLISH, DUTCH, and ARABIC. This will be
displayed even if MELP is selected.
˚ The OPTION CODE cannot be edited. For VOICE AND DATA the code is 010.
For DATA, the option code is 008 and the rate is 1200.
˚ TX POWER settings are the same as LOS, HIGH, MEDIUM, LOW, & USER.
˚ In SATCOM, SQUELCH TYPE and FM TRANSMIT TONE are both DISABLED
and cannot be changed. SATCOM uses Digital Squelch that is automatically set.
70 Main Operational Screens (1)
Squelch
Indicator
VINSON
R BAT
Preset Type
VULOS
---
VINSON
CT
06 - SAT 1
SAT VOC
FSK
048
01
TYPE
MOD
CHAN
KEY
TRF
Channel #
Modulation Type
Crypto
Type
ANDVT
R BAT
VULOS
---
ANDVT
CT
06 - SAT 1
SAT D/V SBPSK 135
01
TYPE
KEY
TRF
MOD
CHAN
Crypto Key
The Operational Screens are similar to the LOS screens.
˚ Squelch Indicator: Even though SATCOM uses digital squelch, because
Squelch Type is disabled the Indicator displays ---.
˚ Preset Type: LOS or SAT. (Can be over-ridden).
˚ Modulation Type: FSK, SBPSK, or CPM. FSK for 25 k wideband VINSON,
SBPSK for 5 k narrowband ANDVT, and CPM for most KG-84 data rates.
˚ Channel Number: Satcom channel number is now displayed. (Can be overridden).
˚ Crypto Key: 01 to 25. (Can be over-ridden). CRYPTO TYPE is also changed
when overriding the Crypto Key.
71
Main Operational Screens (2)
R BAT
Receive &
Transmit
Frequencies
R:
T:
VULOS
-----
VINSON
CT
260.4250
294.0250
048
FREQUENCY
CHAN
Channel #
Second Operational Screen
Similar to the LOS screen
•
Receive & Transmit Frequencies: (Can not be over-ridden).
•
Channel #: Same as the first screen, the Satcom channel number. (Can be overridden).
72 Main Operational Screens (3)
VINSON VOICE
R BAT
VULOS
25K
132 ----
Bandwidth
Option Code
OPT
---
FSK
CVSD
DATA
VOICE
VINSON
-INTLV
CT
OFF
FEC
Forward Error
Correction
Voice Mode
Interleave Depth
VINSON DATA
BPS Rate
R BAT
VULOS
25K 16.0K
132 SYNC
OPT
DATA
---
FSK
---VOICE
VINSON
CT
--
OFF
INTLV
FEC
Data Mode
Third Operational Screen
•
The third operational screen is also very similar to the LOS Screen
•
For VINSON Voice and Data, only the modulation type has changed.
73
Main Operational Screens (4)
ANDVT VOICE AND DATA
R BAT
VULOS
---
ANDVT
5K 2400 SBPSK
010 SYNC LPC
-OPT
DATA
VOICE
INTLV
CT
OFF
FEC
Voice Mode
ANDVT DATA
R BAT
VULOS
---
ANDVT
5K 1200 SBPSK
008 SYNC -----OPT
DATA
VOICE
INTLV
CT
OFF
FEC
Third Operational Screen cont..
•
For ANDVT Voice and Data, the bandwidth, rate, modulation, option code, and
voice mode have changed.
•
Voice mode can be LPC or MELP.
•
Voice mode is the only item that can be over-ridden.
•
If Traffic is set to DATA, then nothing can be over-ridden.
74 Main Operational Screens (5)
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
-------
CT
06 – SAT 1
R BAT
VULOS
TON
PRESET CONFIG ERROR
INVALID CRYPTO MODE
PRESS CLR / ENT TO CONTINUE
R BAT
VULOS
TON
-------
CT
PRESET CONFIG ERROR
TEK NOT FOUND
PRESS CLR / ENT TO CONTINUE
Non-secured
not allowed
R BAT
VULOS
06 - SAT 1
SAT VOC
---
----------
CT
FSK
048
--
KEYLINE IGNORED
Fourth Operational Screen
•
The fourth screen is the same as in LOS.
•
In SATCOM the same Preset Config Errors can occur.
•
Since Non-secure communication is not allowed, KEYLINE IGNORED will be
displayed when the PPT button is pushed.
•
In any Data mode, KEYLINE IGNORED will be also being displayed when the
PPT button is pushed.
75
Options (VULOS Config)
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
TON
VINSON
CT
LOCK KEYPAD
RADIO OPTIONS
VULOS CONFIG
R BAT
VULOS
COMSEC
SQUELCH
•
76 The VULOS Options for SATCOM are identical to the LOS Options.
Satellite Antenna Pointing
•
The following equipment and mission planning data is needed:
- Magnetic compass
- Satellite position
- Azimuth to the Satellite
- Elevation angle for the antenna
•
Azimuth and elevation data is found with:
- Pointing graph slide rules
- Mission planning software systems
•
Slide rule calculators do not compensate for magnetic declination.
77
Pointing Graph Slide Rules
•
Move the slide so the vertical line is over the satellite position at the top of the
graph.
•
Locate your position on the earth.
•
Concentric circle lines determine antenna elevation. This ranges from 0 to 90
degrees.
•
Radial lines are used to determine the azimuth to point the antenna. This is a
Grid azimuth and must be converted to a magnetic azimuth.
78 SATCOM Ping Test
R BAT
VULOS
---
VINSON
CT
START PING TEST
YES
R BAT
VULOS
---
-------------
CT
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
UNABLE TO PING
CHECK RADIO CONFIG
R BAT
VULOS
---
VINSON
CT
PRESS CLR / ENT TO EXIT
PING TEST
IN PROGRESS
R BAT
PRESS CLR TO ABORT
R BAT
VULOS
---
VINSON
CT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
PING TEST
UNAVAILABLE
PRESS CLR / ENT TO EXIT
PING RX STRENGTH: 87%
ENT TO REPEAT / CLR TO CANCEL
•
The SATCOM Ping Test reports the Receive Satellite Signal Strength between 0
and 100 percent. The test transmits a small burst signal to the satellite and
measures the received power returned from the satellite. The SATCOM Ping
Test can be used to aid in antenna pointing.
•
•
•
Execute a SATCOM Ping Test and note the RX Strength.
Adjust the antenna azimuth and execute the test again. Repeat until the
strongest signal is obtained.
Repeat the test adjusting the antenna elevation.
•
UNABLE TO PING CHECK RADIO CONFIG error will be displayed if no
COMSEC is assigned to the Preset.
•
The Ping Test is unavailable in LOS.
79
Practical Exercise
AN/PRC-152 VU19LOS
Dedicated UHF SATCOM
80 AN/PRC-152
SINCGARS Frequency
Hopping
SINCGARS Frequency Hopping (FH)
Objectives
• Explain Basic SINCGARS operations
• Load SINCGARS FH Data
• Program the AN/PRC-152 for SINCGARS Frequency
Hopping operation.
• Operate the AN/PRC-152 in the SINCGARS FH mode.
• Interoperate with other types of SINCGARS Radios
82
SINCGARS FH (1)
Characteristics & Definitions
• Operates in the VHF-Low band from 30 to 87.975 MHz
• 25 kHz channel spacing
• 2320 possible frequencies
• Hopping rate of 100 frequencies per second
• VINSON or KYV-5 COMSEC
SINCGARS is an acronym for Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio
System
SINCGARS Frequency Hopping (FH) provides Electronic Counter-Counter
Measures (ECCM) qualities of anti-jam and Limited Probability of Intercept (LPI).
An ECM or Electronic Counter Measure is jamming. The SINCGARS radio
counters jamming by continually changing frequencies 100 times per second
over a 57 mHz bandwidth. The hopping also leads to the fact that the enemy
cannot intercept the radios transmissions because it is not on one frequency long
enough to be detected
With a channel spacing of 25 kHz, there are 2320 possible frequencies between
30 to 87.975 MHz. The average SINCGARS Hopset contains around 1200
frequencies. The radio hops on these frequencies in a random pattern
determined by a Transmission Security Key (TSK). This is why time is very
important. If a radios’ clock is too far off from other radios, it will not be able to
communicate with them.
Supports secure voice and data using VINSON KY-57 compatible encryption.
KYV-5 is used for enhanced data rates.
83
SINCGARS FH (2)
Characteristics & Definitions
• 1000 Net IDs
• Loadset, Lockouts & ESETs
• Hot Start Net Opening
• Cold Start Net Opening
Net IDs (000-999) are used to divide the Hopset in multiple networks by changing
the starting point in the Hopset. There are 1000 net IDs per TSK. A SINCGARS
Loadset can have one to six TSKs.
Lockout set is a set of frequencies that are not allowed in the Hopset. For
example civilian TV stations that exist in the SINCGARS operational range.
An ESET (Electronic Set) contains SINCGARS FH data, a TSK, and a net ID.
A SINCGARS Loadset contains up to five TEKs, one KEK, six ESETs, and any
Lockout sets. A Loadset is loaded into the radio in one-step using and AN/CYZ10 or an AN/PYQ-10 (SKL). Sometimes this is referred to as an ICOM Fill,
(Integrated COMSEC Fill).
Hot Start Net Opening is a method of entering a SINCGARS FH Net by loading a
radio with the FH Loadset and accurate time.
Cold Start Net Opening is a method of opening a SINCGARS FH net where
member stations load the FH Loadset then the Master station transmits the FH
data and net time to each member radio.
84
SINCGARS FH (3)
Characteristics & Definitions
• Manual & CUE Frequency
• Electronic Remote Fill (ERF)
• Late Net Entry (LNE)
The Manual frequency is a single channel frequency used for the Cold Start Net
Opening procedure. The CUE frequency is a single channel frequency that
allows a radio not in a SINCGARS FH net to contact the MASTER station of the
SINCGARS FH net.
Electronic Remote Fill (ERF) is a procedure by which the net master station
starts or updates a FH net by transmitting the Hopset to net member radios.
ERF is used when a member’s radio is more then 60 seconds off net time.
Late Net Entry (LNE) is a method to enter or re-enter the FH Net when radio
Time of Day (TOD) has slipped by more than four seconds, but not more than
one minute from that of the net master TOD. There are 4 ways to do a LNE;
manually reload time, Hot Start, CUE & ERF, and Passive LNE. Passive LNE
can only be performed when the member radio is less then 60 seconds off net
time.
85
SINCGARS FH (4)
Characteristics & Definitions
Julian Date
6
The net time includes the Julian date. The Julian date is only 2 digits. There are
2 different Julian calendars, one for a regular year and one for leap year. The
next leap years are 2012, 2016, & 2020.
86
SINCGARS FH Setup Steps
• Load the SINCGARS Loadset
• Program SINCGARS Configuration
• Program SINCGARS FH System Presets
• Select SINCGARS Net to be used
• Set GTOD for ZULU time
87
Loading SINCGARS FH Data (1)
FILL MENU
FILL
LOAD OTAR TEK
TERMINAL MODE
FILL MENU
WAVEFORM FOR KEY
SINCGARS
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
FILL MENU
FILL MENU
FILL DEVICE
FILL DEVICE
CYZ-10 [ MODE 2/3 ]
PYQ-10 [SKL MODE 2/3]
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
FILL MENU
INITIATE FILL
AT FILL DEVICE
It is best to load the SINCGARS FH Loadset before programming
SINCGARS NETS.
1. Place the Cipher switch in the LD position.
2. Connect the fill device to the AUDIO/FILL connector.
3. Select either CYZ-10 [MODE 2/3] or PYQ [SKL mode 2/3] for the FILL
DEVICE.
4. The radio displays INITIATE FILL AT FILL DEVICE.
5. Prepare the Fill Device.
88
Loading SINCGARS FH Data (2)
Send Receive
sEtup Comsec
Database
Time
Send to:
Radio Ancd
Stu
Select: iCom
Abn
Rcu
Nonicom
Haveq
Pc
Do you want to include
time?
(Y/N)
Press [Load] on RT
Using RDS, software from an AN/CYZ-10 use the following steps.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Select Send.
Select Radio.
Select iCom.
Follow instructions to until (Connect to RT AUD/FILL Connector) is
displayed, press ENTR.
5. (Set FCTN Switch to LD on RT) is displayed, press ENTR
(Do you want to include time?) If the correct date and time are in the DTD, select
Y; otherwise select N.
The DTD will display (Press [LOAD] on RT) for a few seconds then change to
display each of the 6 COMSEC keys as they are loaded. Then the DTD will load
each of the 6 ESETs, one at a time.
If there were no errors, the DTD will display (ICOM transfer successful). At this
time, you can disconnect the AN/CYZ-10.
89
Loading SINCGARS FH Data (3)
Initializing Fill Port…
Press LOAD Button.
Sending TEK #1
Sending TEK #2
Sending TEK #3
Sending TEK #4
Sending TEK #5
Sending KEK #6
Sending Cold Start TSK
Sending Hopset #1
Sending Hopset #2
If using an AN/PYQ-10 SKL (Simple Key Loader), use the following steps. The
radio setup is the same as with the AN/CYZ-10.
After you have logged into the SKL select the Eqs Tab.
1. Select RT-1523 or SINCGARS then press the LOAD icon in the top right
of the screen.
2. At the SINCGARS Mode screen, select ICOM Transfer and Include Time
(if needed). Press OK.
3. At the Connect To screen, connect the SKL to the RT then press Next>>
4. At the Profiles screen, ensure the radio displays INITIATE FILL AT FILL
DEVICE, then press Send on the SKL.
5. The Status screen displays ‘Press LOAD Button.’ for about a second.
6. If the connect is good and there are no errors, the SKL will display
‘Sending TEK #1 - #5, KEK #6 , Sending Cold Start TSK, Sending Hopset
#1 - #6 and 8 Lockouts.
When complete the SKL will display ‘Re-load equipment’. At this time, you can
disconnect the SKL.
90
Loading SINCGARS FH Data (4)
FILL MENU
FILL MENU
CLASSIFICATION
TSKS
01
SECRET
SCROLL / ENT CONT / CLR ABORT
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
FILL MENU
TEKS
FILL MENU
05
LOCKOUTS
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
FILL MENU
KEKS
FILL MENU
01
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
TOD
NOT PRESENT
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
FILL MENU
HOPSETS
01
FILL MENU
06
LOAD ANOTHER KEY
YES
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
Once the transfer begins from either Fill Device, the radio displays
CLASSIFICATION.
1. Select SECRET, press ENT.
2. When the transfer is complete, a summary of the Loadset will be
displayed. The summary shows the number of TEKs, KEKs, HOPSETs,
TSKs, and Lockouts loaded and if Time of Day (TOD) was loaded. Press
ENT when done reviewing the summary.
3. Select YES to LOAD ANOTHER KEY or NO to exit.
4. Place the Cipher Switch to PT.
91
Loading SINCGARS FH Data (5)
FILL DEVICE
LOADSET
COMSEC
POSITION
RADIO
SINCGARS
VINSON
POSITION
FILL DEVICE
LOADSET HOPSET
RADIO SINCGARS
HOPSET
COMPARTMENT
TEK #1
TEK 01
HOPSET #1
CMP 1
TEK #2
TEK 02
HOPSET #2
CMP 2
TEK #3
TEK 03
HOPSET #3
CMP 3
TEK #4
TEK 04
HOPSET #4
CMP 4
TEK #5
TEK 05
HOPSET #5
CMP 5
KEK
KEK
HOPSET #6
CMP 6
R BAT
TEST OPTIONS
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
R BAT
01
CMP
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
F300
HOPSET
VIEW KEY INFO
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
Whether using an AN/CYZ-10 or an AN/PYQ-10 SKL, the COMSEC keys are
stored in the first 5 SINCGARS VINSON TEK slots and the only SINCGARS
VINSON KEK slot.
The HOPSETs are stored in the first 6 SINCGARS HOPSET compartments.
Press the OPT key and select VIEW KEY INFO. Select SINCGARS for the
WAVEFORM and HOPSET for the TYPE. The operator can view the default FH
Net ID loaded into each compartment.
92
Program SINCGARS Configuration (1)
8
VWX
PGM
PGM
PGM – SINCGARS – CUE CONFIGURATION
SINCGARS CONFIG
VULOS CONFIG
CUE FREQUENCY
3 0.0000 MHz
ENTER 30.0000 TO 87.9750
PGM – SINCGARS – CUE CONFIGURATION
PGM - SINCGARS
MASTER / MEMBER
CUE CONFIGURATION
HOPSET / LOCKOUT
PGM – SINCGARS – MASTER / MEMBER
SINCGARS RADIO TYPE
MEMBER
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
CUE SQUELCH TYPE
TONE
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
PGM – SINCGARS – CUE CONFIGURATION
ENABLE CUE NOTIFY
NO
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
PGM - SINCGARS
MASTER / MEMBER
CUE CONFIGURATION
HOPSET / LOCKOUT
MASTER / MEMBER configuration.
The Net Control Station (NCS) or Alternate NCS should be setup as a MASTER
radio. All other radios in the net should be set as Members. The radio defaults
to Member, to change the radio to Master do the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press the PGM button
Select SINCGARS CONFIG
Select MASTER/MEMBER
Change to MASTER
Next, the CUE needs programmed.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Select CUE CONFIGURATION
Enter the CUE frequency (30 to 87.975 MHz)
Set the CUE SQUELCH TYPE to TONE
For Master set ENABLE CUE NOTIFY to YES, Members set it to NO.
93
Program SINCGARS Configuration (2)
PGM – SINCGARS – HOP / LOCKOUT - COPY
PGM - SINCGARS
MASTER / MEMBER
CUE CONFIGURATION
NEW HOPSET ID
F456
HOPSET / LOCKOUT
ENTER 000 TO 999
PGM - SINCGARS HOP / LOCKOUT
PGM - SINCGARS HOP / LOCKOUT
COPY HOPSET
COPY HOPSET
VIEW HOPSETS
VIEW LOCKOUTS
VIEW HOPSETS
VIEW LOCKOUTS
PGM – SINCGARS – HOP / LOCKOUT - COPY
COPY HOPSET FROM
01 [ F300 ]
. . SINCGARS - HOP / LOCKOUT - HOPSETS
01 - F300
02 - F100
03 - F200
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
PGM – SINCGARS – HOP / LOCKOUT - COPY
COPY HOPSET TO
07 [ EMPTY ]
. . SINCGARS - HOP / LOCKOUT - HOPSETS
07 - F456
02 - EMPTY
03 - EMPTY
ENTER 01 TO 25
HOPSET / LOCKOUT menu is used to change Net IDs and view Net IDs.
Select HOPSET / LOCKOUT
COPY HOPSET is used to change the Net ID in a Hopset Compartment and to
create additional Net IDs in the empty compartments.
1. Select COPY HOPSET
2. At COPY HOPSET FROM, scroll to select a compartment, press ENT.
3. At COPY HOPSET TO, enter the compartment number you wish to create
the Net ID in (01 to 25). COPY HOPSET TO defaults to the first empty
compartment.
4. At NEW HOPSET ID, enter the 3 digit Net ID
5. Select VIEW HOPSETS and scroll down to view what Net ID is in what
compartment.
94
Program SINCGARS
System Presets (1)
CLR
X 2 or
8
VWX
PGM
PGM
PGM – SYS PRESETS – CFG - 05
RADIO CONFIG
SYSTEM PRESETS
HAVEQUICKII CONFIG
PGM – SYS PRESETS
PRESET WAVEFORM
SINCGARS
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
. . – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 05 - SINCGARS
SYSTEM PRESET CONFIG
OPMODE
RESET SYSTEM PRESET
SYSTEM SCAN CONFIG
PGM – SYS PRESETS - CFG
FREQUENCY HOPPING
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
. . – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 05 - SINCGARS
SYSTEM PRESET NUMBER
0 5-<EMPTY>
PRESET NAME
S NGRS02
ENTER 01 – 99 / PRE + / -TO SCROLL
PGM – SYS PRESETS – CFG - 05
ENTER PRESET NAME
. . – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 05 - SINCGARS
PRESET DESCRIPTION
I NSERT DESCRIPTION
ENTER DESCRIPTION
CRYPTO KEY
TEK01
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
Now that the SINCGARS Configuration is complete, the System Presets can be
programmed.
From the COPY HOPSET menu, press the CLR button twice. If you have exited
the programming menu, press the PGM button.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Select SYSTEM PRESETS
Select SYSTEM PRESET CONFIG
Select a SYSTEM PRESET NUMBER
Enter a PRESET DESCRIPTION (Optional)
Select SINCGARS for PRESET WAVEFORM
There are two choices for OPMODE,
1. FREQUENCY HOPPING and
2. SINGLE CHANNEL.
The following menus are the same no matter what is selected here.
Select FREQUENCY HOPPING.
1. Enter a PRESET NAME (Optional)
2. Select the CRYPTO KEY.
95
Program SINCGARS
System Presets (2)
. . – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 05 - SINCGARS
. . – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 05 - SINCGARS
TX POWER LEVEL
HOPSET COMPARTMENT
HIGH
07 [ F456 ]
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
. . – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 05 - SINCGARS
. . – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 05 - SINCGARS
TRAFFIC MODE
SC FREQUENCY
3 0.000 MHz
VOICE
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
. . – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 05 - SINCGARS
ENTER 30.0000 TO 87.9750
. . – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 05 - SINCGARS
BAUD RATE
SC SQUELCH TYPE
16000
TONE
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
. . – SYS PRESETS – CFG – 05 - SINCGARS
DTE DATA MODE
SYNCHRONOUS
PRESS ENT TO CONTTINUE
Select the TX POWER LEVEL. The TX Power Level choices are the same as
LOS, HIGH, MEDIUM, LOW, & USER.
Select VOICE for TRAFFIC MODE.
Two other choices are DATA and DATA/VOICE.
If either is selected then the BAUD RATE must be selected. Choices are RS232,
600, 1200, 1200N, 2400, 2400N, 4800, 4800N, 9600N, & 16000. DTE DATA
MODE is set to SYNCHRONOUS and cannot be changed.
Select the HOPSET COMPARTMENT. The Net ID is displayed next to the
Compartment number if you cannot remember the compartment with the correct
Net ID.
If SINGLE CHANNEL was selected for OPMODE, then enter a SC
FREQUENCY.
Note:
The OPMODE can be changed from the main operational screen. Therefore,
each SINCGARS System Preset can be programmed with a Net ID and a SC
Frequency.
Select TONE for the SC SQUELCH TYPE. NOISE and OFF are available.
96
Main Operational Screens (1)
Wavefor
m Type
R BAT
FH
OPMODE
Squelch
Indicator
SNCGR
DIG
CT
05 – SNGRS02
FH
VOC - - - F456
TEK01
TRF
DATA
NET ID
Net ID
R BAT
SC
OPMODE
VINSON
SNCGR
DIG
KEY
OPMODE
VINSON
CT
05 – SNGRS02
SC
VOC - - - - CVSD TEK01
TRF
DATA
VOICE
KEY
OPMODE
Voice Mode
The Operational Screens are similar to the LOS screens.
˚ Waveform Type is now SNCGR
˚ Even though SINCGARS uses Tone Squelch, DIG is displayed.
˚ The Preset number, OPMODE, TRF, NET ID, and KEY can all be overridden.
˚ Changing the Net ID from the operational screens performs the same
function as Hopset Copy back to the same compartment.
97
Main Operational Screens (2)
Net TOD
R BAT
FH
OPMODE
SNCGR
DIG
54D 04 : 10 : 37
07
F456
OFF
CMP
NET ID
R BAT
CT
NONE
RATE
Late Net
Entry
Hopset Compartment
SC
OPMODE
LNE
VINSON
SNCGR
R: 56.0000
T: 56.0000
FREQUENCY
DIG
VINSON
CT
NONE
RATE
Second Operational Screen
FH OPMODE:
˚ The Net Time-Of-Day is displayed. The Julian Day, hours: minutes: and
seconds.
˚ CMP is the Hopset Compartment (01-25)
˚ LNE is Late Net Entry (OFF or ON)
˚ RATE is only displayed in DATA or DATA/VOICE.
˚ CMP, NETID, LNE, and RATE can all be over-ridden.
SC OPMODE:
Similar to the 2nd LOS screen (RATE instead of CHAN)
98
Main Operational Screens (3)
R BAT
FH
OPMODE
3rd screen
DIG
54D 04 : 10 : 37
30.0000
OFF
CUE FREQUENCY
CUE
FH OPMODE
4th screen
SNCGR
SNCGR
CT
MEMBER
NOTIFY
TYPE
MASTER
OR
MEMBER
CUE
Notify
R BAT
VINSON
DIG
VINSON
CT
05 – SNGRS02
SC OPMODE
3rd screen
Third and Fourth Operational Screens
FH OPMODE:
The third screen displays the Cue Frequency, CUE notify and the Type (Master
or Member). All three can be over-ridden.
The fourth screen is the same large font screen as in LOS and SATCOM.
SC OPMODE:
In single channel, OPMODE the third screen is the large font screen.
99
SINCGARS Options
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
LOCK KEYPAD
RADIO OPTIONS
SINCGARS OPTIONS
USER ENTRY
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
GLOBAL TIME OF DAY
54D 04 : 26 : 23
PRESS ENT KEY TO MODIFY
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
SINCGARS GTOD
RETRANSMIT ROLE
GPS SYNCHRONIZATION
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
SINCGARS GTOD
GPS SIGNAL MISSING
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
USER ENTRY
GPS SYNCHRONIZATION
CT
PRESS CLR / ENT TO EXIT
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
SINCGARS GTOD
SUCCESSFUL
PRESS CLR / ENT TO EXIT
Press 7/OPT button and select SINCGARS OPTIONS.
There are two options:
1. SINCGARS GTOD
2. RETRANSMIT ROLE.
To set the time select SINCGARS GTOD. There are two choices:
1. USER ENTRY
2. GPS SYNCHRONIZATION.
If USER ENTRY is selected, press ENT again to modify the GTOD. Type in the
Julian Day, arrow over and type in the hours, minutes, and seconds from an
accurate time source. The next time ENT is pressed the GTOD clock will start.
If GPS SYNCHRONIZATION was selected, there are two possible screens:
1. SUCCESSFUL
2. GPS SIGNAL MISSING
The GPS is defaulted to sleep after 15 minutes of use and needs to be woken
for GPS SYNCHRONIZATION to be successful.
100
SINCGARS Late Net Entry
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
54D 04 : 10 : 37
07
F456
OFF
CMP
R BAT
NET ID
LNE
SNCGR
DIG
54D 04 : 10 : 37
ON
07
F456
CMP
NET ID
LNE
VINSON
CT
NONE
RATE
VINSON
CT
NONE
RATE
If no communications on the SINCGARS FH net have been heard, it is possible
that the GTOD in the radio is not within +/- four seconds needed to remain in
sync with the net. If it still is within +/- one minute, the passive LNE function can
resync the Member stations GTOD with the Master station.
Press the Circle Arrow button and go to the Second Operational screen.
Press the left or right arrow button until OFF is highlighted, change it to ON and
press ENT.
Do not attempt to transmit. Wait for the reception of communications from any
station on the SINCGARS FH net. When the radio reestablishes time with the
net, the LNE display indicator automatically switches to OFF when GTOD
synchronizes with the net.
If GTOD resync does not occur, change LNE back to OFF then perform the CUE
procedure to contact the Master station.
101
SINCGARS CUE and
Cold Start ERF (1)
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
CUE
NORMAL ERF
COLD START ERF
R BAT
SNCGR
R BAT
DIG
VINSON
CT
DIG
VINSON
CT
CUE
NORMAL ERF
COLD START ERF
DIG
CUE - 30.0000
VOC - - - - CVSD
VINSON
CT
R BAT
SNCGR
ENTER FREQUENCY
3 0.000 MHz
TEK01
MUST CUE IN PT
ENTER FREQUENCY
R BAT
CLR
SNCGR
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
COLD START ERF
AWAITING RECEPTION
PRESS CLR TO ABORT
The CUE frequency is a single channel frequency that allows a radio not in a
SINCGARS FH net to contact the MASTER station of the SINCGARS FH net.
1. Press the CALL button
2. Select CUE; the screen changes to the CUE channel. MUST CUE IN PT
will flash at the bottom of the screen.
3. Place the Cipher switch to PT
4. Press the PTT button for about 5 to 10 seconds
5. Return the Cipher switch to CT and wait for the Master station to respond.
6. Request a Cold Start ERF from the Master station.
7. When instructed to prepare for receipt of a Cold Start ERF on the Manual
frequency, press the CLR button.
8. Select COLD START ERF
9. Enter the Manual Frequency, the radio displays COLD START ERF
AWAITING RECEPTION.
102
SINCGARS CUE and
Cold Start ERF (2)
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
ENT 01 – 25 TO SAVE - CLR TO EXIT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
ASSIGN HOPSET TO
05 - SNGRS02
HOPSET RX OK: F456
STORE IN: 0 7 [ F456 ]
R BAT
R BAT
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
CT
ASSIGN TO PRESET
YES
CLR
X2
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
If the Cold Start ERF was successfully received, the screen displays: HOPSET
RX OK: Fxxx STORE IN: 07 [EMPTY] xxx being the Net ID. The radio selects
the first empty HOPSET Compartment; change it to the Compartment currently
assigned to the System Preset being Cold Started.
1. Select YES for ASSIGN TO PRESET
2. Scroll to select the System Preset being Cold Started. The screen will
return to COLD START ERF AWAITING RECEPTION.
3. Press CLR twice to exit to the Main Operational screen then perform a
radio check with the Master station.
103
SINCGARS CUE and
Cold Start ERF (3)
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
R BAT
- - - CUE INCOMING - - SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
SNCGR
CT
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
KEYED
DIG
VINSON
CT
DIG
VINSON
COLD START ERF
TRANSMIT
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
COLD START ERF
TRANSMIT COMPLETE
PRESS CLR / ENT TO EXIT
ENTER FREQUENCY
SNCGR
CT
COLD START ERF
TRANSMITTING
ENTER FREQUENCY
3 0.000 MHz
R BAT
VINSON
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
CUE
NORMAL ERF
COLD START ERF
R BAT
DIG
SELECT SET
07 [ F456 ]
05 – SNGRS02
FH
VOC - - - 456
TEK01
R BAT
SNCGR
CT
CLR
X3
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
Master station responding to a CUE and Cold Start ERF request.
When a station CUEs the Master station, CUE INCOMING will flash at the
bottom of the screen and a beep will be heard from the speaker.
1. Press the CALL button
2. Select CUE; the screen changes to the CUE channel. As a Master
station, MUST CUE IN PT will not flash at the bottom of the screen.
3. Reply to the CUEing station in CT.
4. Press CLR once then select COLD START ERF.
5. Select TRANSMIT. RECEIVE is the other choice.
6. Select the HOPSET Compartment to be transmitted.
The screen will show the ERF being transmitted then complete.
7. Press the CLR button 3 times to return to the Main Operational screen and
perform a radio check.
104
SINCGARS Normal ERF (1)
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
VINSON
CT
DIG
VINSON
SELECT SET
07 [ F456 ]
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
NORMAL ERF
TRANSMIT COMPLETE
PRESS CLR / ENT TO EXIT
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
SNCGR
DIG
KEYED
NORMAL ERF
TRANSMIT
R BAT
SNCGR
NORMAL ERF
TRANSMITTING
CUE
NORMAL ERF
COLD START ERF
R BAT
R BAT
CT
CLR
X2
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
The Normal ERF procedure is used to update Frequency Hopping data during
normal operation. The Master station loads the new FH data but does not delete
the old data from the radio. The Master station must inform the Member stations
when the new FH data will take effect. A normal ERF is not sent over the Manual
Frequency but over an active FH Net.
The Normal ERF procedure is very similar to the Cold Start ERF.
Master station:
1. Press CALL button
2. Select NORMAL ERF
3. Select TRANSMIT
4. Select the HOPSET Compartment to be transmitted.
5. The screen will show the ERF being transmitted then complete.
6. Press the CLR button 2 times to return to the Main Operational screen
105
SINCGARS Normal ERF (2)
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
DIG
VINSON
HOPSET RX OK: F456
STORE IN: 0 7 [ F456 ]
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
ASSIGN HOPSET TO
05 - SNGRS02
PRESS CLR TO ABORT
SNCGR
VINSON
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
CT
CLR
X2
ENT 01 – 25 TO SAVE - CLR TO EXIT
Member station:
1. Press CALL button
2. Select NORMAL ERF
3. When the Normal ERF is received, store it in an empty Compartment.
4. Assign it to a System Preset when required
5. Press the CLR button 2 times to return to the Main Operational screen
106
CT
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
NORMAL ERF
AWAITING RECEPTION
R BAT
DIG
ASSIGN TO PRESET
YES
CUE
NORMAL ERF
COLD START ERF
R BAT
SNCGR
CT
SINCGARS Error Screen
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
PRESET CONFIG ERROR
HOPSET NOT FOUND
R BAT
**
PRESS CLR / ENT TO CONTINUE
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
**
DIG
VINSON
NO HOPSETS **
**** FILLED ****
PRESS CLR / ENT TO EXIT
VINSON
CT
NO LOCKOUTS **
**** FILLED ****
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
05 – SNGRS02
FH
VOC - - - F--TEK01
PRESS CLR / ENT TO EXIT
SNCGR
DIG
PRESS CLR / ENT TO EXIT
**
ERROR
**
NO HOPSET FILLED
R BAT
SNCGR
TRF
CT
R BAT
--D
-CMP
DATA
NET ID
SNCGR
DIG
--:--:-F- - OFF
NET ID
LNE
KEY
VINSON
CT
NONE
RATE
Here are some SINCGARS error screens that may be encountered when
programming the radio before the SINCGARS Loadset has been loaded.
The Preset may be configured correctly but the assigned HOPSET
Compartment is empty.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Copy HOPSET error (ERROR NO HOPSET FILLED)
View HOPSET error (NO HOPSETS FILLED)
View LOCKOUT error (NO LOCKOUTS FILLED)
The first Operational screen (no Net ID)
The second Operational screen (no TOD, Compartment, or Net ID)
107
Practical Exercise
AN/PRC-152
SINCGARS Programming
108
AN/PRC-152
RETRANS Operations
RETRANS Operations
Objectives
• Planning considerations for retransmission operations.
• Configure the AN/PRC-152 for retransmission operations.
110
RETRANS Operations
• Used with SINCGARS waveform only
•Two RETRANS methods:
¾Black Digital
9 Not within 20%
9 Not harmonics
¾Range Extension
9Radios spaced far apart
Retransmission option is only available from a SINCGARS preset.
A Black Digital retransmit station consists of two radios and a Retransmit cable.
The radios are programmed with different Single Channel frequencies or Net IDs.
Single channel frequencies cannot be closer then 20% of each other or a
harmonic. For example: if 40 MHz is used the second frequency cannot be less
then 48 MHz or be 80 MHz (the 1st harmonic). No COMSEC is loaded in the
retransmit radios; they are operated in Plain Text and just pass the encrypted
digital signal through the retransmit cable. All outstations are in Cipher Text.
A Range Extension retransmit station has one radio programmed to receive
signals on a SINCGARS net and the second radio is programmed to retransmit
that signal on the same SINCGARS Net. Only SINCGARS Frequency Hopping
is supported using Range Extension. The retransmit radios are also in PT and
the out stations are in CT. Place the radios as far apart as possible. If using a
VAA, place the antennas as far apart as possible.
111
Required Equipment for
Retransmission (1)
• Two AN/PRC-152s with antenna and battery pack
• Retransmit Cable, 12041-7130-A1, 50 feet.
Before connecting or disconnecting the retransmit cable to the 32-pin side data
connector, both radios must be powered off.
112
Required Equipment for
Retransmission (2)
• Two AN/PRC-152s with VAA and antennas
• Retransmit Cable, 12041-7130-A2, 32 inches
Before connecting or disconnecting the retransmit cable to the 32-pin front data
connector, both radios must be powered off.
113
Retransmission Configuration (1)
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
------
PT
R BAT
RETRANSMIT ROLE
TRF
SNCGR
DIG
------
PT
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
SNCGR
DIG
------
PT
PT
DIG
------
RETRANSMIT ROLE
SAME NET ID-TX ONLY
NET ID
SNCGR
DIG
KEY
-----
PT
DATA
R BAT
VOICE
SNCGR
DIG
KEY
-----
PT
05 – RXMT RX
FH
DAT SYNC F456
-----
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
SNCGR
DATA
R BAT
TRF
RETRANSMIT ROLE
SAME NET ID-RX ONLY
R BAT
-----
05 – RXMT ON
SC
D/V SYNC
CLR
-----
RETRANSMIT ROLE
RETRANSMIT STATION
R BAT
DIG
05 – RXMT ON
FH
DAT SYNC F456
-----
SINCGARS ROLE
R BAT
SNCGR
TRF
PT
DATA
R BAT
NET ID
SNCGR
DIG
KEY
-----
PT
05 - RXMT F456
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
1. Program each AN/PRC-152 with the required SINCGARS retransmission
plan.
2. Perform a communications check on each AN/PRC-152 and establish CT
communications with distant radio stations in each net.
3. Turn off radios and connect the retransmission cable to both radios.
4. Turn on both radios and set the Cipher switch to PT.
5. Press OPT button, select RETRANSMIT ROLE.
6. For Black Digital, select RETRANSMIT STATION on both radios. For
Range Extension, select SAME NET ID-RX ONLY on one radio and
SAME NET ID-TX ONLY on the second radio.
The radio will display RXMT on screen. The Traffic mode is now Data.
114
Retransmission Configuration (2)
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
WARNING
RXMT NOW DISABLED
PRESS CLR / ENT TO EXIT
R BAT
SNCGR
DIG
VINSON
CT
05 – RXMT OFF
FH
VOC - - F456 TEK01
TRF
R BAT
DATA
NET ID
SNCGR
DIG
KEY
------
PT
WARNING
RXMT NOW RE-ENABLED
PRESS CLR / ENT TO EXIT
Placing the Cipher Switch to CT will take the radio out of Retransmit.
115
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116
AN/PRC-152
Other Modes and
Capabilities
Other Modes and Capabilities
Objectives
• Have a basic understanding of the modes, capabilities and
option menu of the AN/PRC-152.
118
Options Menu
119
Keypad Lock
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
LOCK KEYPAD
RADIO OPTIONS
VULOS CONFIG
KEYPAD LOCKED
PRESS 1379 TO UNLOCK
To lock the keypad:
1. Press the OPT button
2. Select LOCK KEYPAD
Locking the keypad does not disable the side buttons. Monitor (squelch) button,
PTT, and Volume control are always activated. Also, the NEXT button is still
active.
To unlock the keypad:
1. Press any locked button to display PRESS 1379 TO UNLOCK
2. Press keys 1, 3, 7, and 9.
120
Radio Options (1)
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
SATCOM BURSTMODE
OFF
VALID FOR 291 – 318.3 MHZ
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
RADIO SILENCE
OFF
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
RADIO SPEAKER
ENABLED
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
There are six items under Radio Options:
1. Satcom Burstmode,
2. Radio Silence
3. Radio Speaker
4. Auxiliary Power
5. Preset Autosave
6. RF Faults Persist.
High power for SATCOM is 5 watts. Turning SATCOM BURSTMODE ON
increases the power to approximately 10 watts. KEY: PTT BURSTMODE: ON
will be displayed on the bottom line of the screen when the PTT button is
pressed. BURSTMODE is for emergency use only. It cannot be enabled when
the radio is a preset type other then SATCOM and when in a VAA.
When RADIO SILENCE is turned ON, it prevents the radio from automatically
responding to incoming signals. The R in the upper left of the screen will flash
and KEYLINE IGNORED will be displayed when the PTT button is pressed.
The RADIO SPEAKER option allows the operator to disable the internal speaker.
When a handset or headset is attached, the radio speaker is normally disabled.
121
Radio Options (2)
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
AUXILIARY POWER
OFF
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
PRESET AUTOSAVE
ON
PRESS ENT TO CONTINUE
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
RF FAULTS PERSIST
ON
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
AUXILIARY POWER allows the operator to configure the auxiliary power output
to the side connector. Choices are OFF, 5 VOLTS, and 8 VOLTS.
PRESET AUTOSAVE is a read only status of the current Preset Autosave
setting. (ON or OFF). When ON, any manual changes to a system preset will be
automatically saved. This setting can be changed from Program mode.
RF FAULTS PERSIST has two settings, ON and MOMENTARY. When set to
ON, an RF fault screen requires the operator to press CLR or ENT to clear the
screen. MOMENTARY displays the RF fault screen for 3 seconds then
automatically clears it.
122
TX Power Options and System Clock
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
TX POWER LEVEL
HIGH ( 5 WATTS )
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
SYSTEM CLOCK
R BAT
DATE:
TIME:
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
05-28-10
13:27:34
ENT TO CONTINUE / CLR TO EXIT
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
UTC OFFSET
+ 00:00
ENT TO CONTINUE
TX POWER OPTIONS is used to set the transmit power level. TX POWER
OPTIONS has the same submenu and choices as TX POWER LEVEL in
programming System Presets. However, the radio is still online and can transmit
and receive.
The System Clock is a separate setting from the TOD (Time-of-day) configuration
for SINCGARS. The Date, Time, and UTC Offset are status only and cannot be
edited. To change the System Clock, enter programming mode, select RADIO
CONFIG, and then SYSTEM CLOCK.
123
GPS Options
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
R BAT
05-28-10
VULOS
TON
CT
GPS STATUS
TRACKING
SATS:07
R BAT
05-28-10
VULOS
R BAT
VINSON
16S
MGRS – NEW
DF 58440E 54821N
LAST KNOWN POSITION INFO
VINSON
CT
290 deg
1.5 kph
VULOS
ALTITUDE:
FOM:
1
TON
VINSON
CT
169.45 m
(+ / - 25.00 m)
LAST KNOWN POSITION INFO
13:34:38
TON
TON
LAST KNOWN POSITION INFO
13:34:38
VINSON
VULOS
HEADING:
VELOCITY:
GPS STATUS
SLEEPING NO SIGNAL
SLEEPING
R BAT
CT
R BAT
VULOS
DATUM:
KEY STAT:
TON
VINSON
CT
WGD
N/A
LAST KNOWN POSITION INFO
The GPS antenna is an active antenna that draws power from the main battery.
The GPS is defaulted to sleep after 15 minutes to conserve power. If the GPS is
sleeping, press ENT to wake it. It will start SEARCHING for satellites and show
in the lower left how many satellites have been found. Once enough satellites
have been found (at least four), the GPS status will change to TRACKING.
Once the GPS is TRACKING, additional screens will be available. GPS Position:
in either latitude / longitude or MGRS, GPS Heading/Velocity, GPS Altitude/FOM,
GPS Datum/Key Stat, and GPS Satellite Info.
If the GPS loses tracking and goes to sleep, a POSITION TIME STAMP screen
will be displayed before the GPS Position screen. This indicates the date and
time of the last known position info.
124
Battery Information, SA Options,
and Data Mode
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
VOLTAGE:
STATUS:
CT
11.3V
NOMINAL
SA OPTIONS
R BAT
PRESS ENT TO CONTINUE
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
SA TRANSMIT
ENABLE
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VAA SYSTEM
VOLTAGE:
VINSON
CT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
SA TRANSMIT
DISABLE
28.7V
PRESS ENT TO CONTINUE
R BAT
R BAT
PRESS ENT / CLR TO CONTINUE
CT
R BAT
DATA
MODE
VULOS
TON
VINSON
HUB CAPACITY
DATA MODE
SYNC / ASYNC
ESTIMATED MONTHS REMAINING: 11
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
CT
BATTERY INFORMATION will show the actual DC voltage of the main battery
and a status of NOMINAL, HIGH, or LOW.
If mounted in a VAA it will display the VAA system voltage. This is the voltage
supplied to the VAA not the radio.
When the main battery is disconnected from the radio, the HUB is used to
maintain system time and crypto. The life of the HUB can be extended by
keeping a charged main battery connected.
SA TRANSMIT allows the operator to enable or disable the SA feature if it has
been configured to AUTO in the programming menu. If SA Transmit is
configured to off or the GPS Status is either DISABLED or NOT INSTALLED,
then DISABLE will be displayed and cannot be changed.
DATA MODE allows the operator to change the side data port mode of operation.
SYNC/ASYNC and PPP are the two options.
125
Mission Plan and Network Status
MISSION PLAN HISTORY
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
R BAT
VULOS
MISSION PLAN HISTORY
001 / 001 – USE
VULOS
TON
VINSON
R BAT
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
TON
TO SCROLL
NETWORK STATUS
DEFAULT
VULOS
CT
CT
MISSION PLAN FILE
R BAT
VINSON
DEFAULT
03-24-10
08:23:14 AM
ACTIVATE MISSION PLAN
R BAT
TON
VINSON
TON
VINSON
CT
DATA PPP STATE
ONLINE
CT
ACTIVE PLAN
NO
VULOS
ENT TO CONTINUE / CLR TO EXIT
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
R BAT
R BAT
VULOS
**
TON
VINSON
NO PLAN FILES
FOUND
**
CT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
IP ADDRESS
10.0.0.1
ENT TO CONTINUE / CLR TO EXIT
PRESS CLR / ENT TO CONT
Mission Plan is used to load system parameters and presets into the radio.
Mission Plan files can be loaded using RF-6650M Radio Programming
Application.
Select ACTIVATE MISSION PLAN, scroll through the plan files and select one,
ACTIVATE PLAN: YES.
Mission Plan History displays the name of the last plan used along with the date
and time activated.
Network Status allows the operator to view the current state of the network and
port configuration parameters. Currently the only networking port type is the
Remote Data PPP port. The state is either ONLINE or OFFLINE. IP address
and Peer IP address can also be viewed.
126
CT
System Information
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
PART NUMBER
CT
R BAT
VERSIONS
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
PART NUMBER
ON689740-2
SERIAL NUMBER
PART NUMBER
PRESS CLR / ENT TO EXIT
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
VERSION SELECT
ELAPSED TIME
HARDWARE
R BAT
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
VINSON
CT
PRESS ENT TO CONTINUE
7654375
TO SCROLL /
TON
HOURS UP
432.7
CT
CRYPTO
NAME:
ID:
VULOS
FOR MORE
CURRENT DATABASES
SERIAL NUMBER
R BAT
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
SERIAL NUMBER
04278
VULOS
CT
TON
VINSON
CT
PLATFORM
NAME:
REV:
4.0.2.62
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
PRESS CLR / ENT TO EXIT
Under the System Information menu the versions, serial number, part number,
VAA serial number, SW options, elapsed time, current databases, and TCXO
tuning are accessible.
˚ Versions displays the version of Hardware modules installed, software
packages installed, and Information Security loaded.
˚ Serial Number displays the radio serial number and VAA serial number is
attached to one.
˚ Part number displays the part number of the radio.
˚ SW options displays any optional waveforms installed in the radio.
˚ Elapsed time displays hours up and times keyed.
˚ Current databases display platform and waveform version numbers.
˚ TCXO Tuning is used to change the transmit frequency calibration. This is
Depot level maintenance only!
127
Test Options
SW VALIDATION
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
R BAT
SELF TEST
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
CT
MEMORY TEST
R BAT
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
VULOS
VINSON
CLR TO EXIT
RUN SELF TEST
YES
R BAT
TON
PRESS KEY TO TEST
PRESS ANY KEY
SW VALIDATION
KEYPAD TEST
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
RUNNING MEMORY TEST
WILL RESET RADIO
CT
ENT TO CONTINUE / CLR TO EXIT
* * * TEST * * *
PASSED
MIC TEST
PRESS CLR / ENT TO EXIT
R BAT
SW VALIDATION
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
TEST MAY TAKE
UP TO 30 MIN
CT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
MIC TEST
CLR TO EXIT
ENT TO CONTINUE / CLR TO EXIT
˚ Test Options will access the Self Test, SW Validation, Keypad Test,
Memory Test, and MIC Test menus.
˚ SELF-TEST runs the Built-In Test for all hardware modules.
˚ SW VALIDATION runs the red and black file systems through the crypto
to verify that the software has not been changed since it was first installed.
˚ KEYPAD TEST allows the operator to verify front panel key operation.
˚ MEMORY TEST validates integrity of the radio’s volatile memory.
˚ MIC TEST provides a bar graph meter to verify the audio input level.
128
AN/PRC-152
OTAR Operations
OTAR Operations
Objectives
• Have a basic understanding of OTAR Operations with the
AN/PRC-152.
130
OTAR Operations (TX MK) (1)
FILL MENU
FILL
LOAD OTAR TEK
TERMINAL MODE
FILL MENU
INITIATE FILL
AT FILL DEVICE
The AN/PRC-152 is capable of transmitting a Manual Over-the-Air ReKey (MK
OTAR). It is able to receive both a MK OTAR and an AK OTAR (Automatic). AK
operations require that all receiving AN/PRC-152s be loaded with the same KEK
used to send the rekey.
The AN/PRC-152 allows the operator to load the OTAR TEK in advance and
transmit it multiple times without having the Fill Device attached.
1. Place the Cipher switch to LD, attach the fill device.
2. Select LOAD OTAR TEK. The display reads INITIATE FILL AT FILL DEVICE.
131
OTAR Operations (TX MK) (2)
Send Receive
sEtup Comsec
Database
Time
vG Ld Rv
Ak Mk vU
Select key
USKAT1234
Transfer in progress.
qUit
Connect to RT and
press [SEND ]
Sending TEK
USKAT1234
1 key transferred.
If using an AN/CYZ-10:
Turn AN/CYZ-10 on and load RADIO application.
1. Select Comsec
2. Select MK
3. At Select key screen, use the P DN button to page down and find the correct
TEK, press the ENTR button.
4. DTD reads: Connect to RT and press [SEND], press SEND.
5. SEND. Display will show:
[Transfer in progress],
[Sending TEK xxxxxx], then
[1 key transferred]
132
OTAR Operations (TX MK) (3)
Load outstation KEK
to NCS?
If using an AN/PYQ-10 SKL:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
After logging into the SKL program, select File.
Select OTAD - Manual Rekey (MK)
At the Select and equipment screen, select Generic MK.
Perform MK-RV? Select Yes
Generate new replacement TEK? Select No
Load outstation KEK to NCS? Select No
133
OTAR Operations (TX MK) (4)
Operation Successful
Tell outstations to prepare for MK
Press Finish to initiate MK operation
Load original KEK
back to NCS?
If using an AN/PYQ-10 SKL:
7. At the Select a replacement TEK: screen, select the new TEK that needs to
be transmitted to the receiving stations, press Next>>
8. Pre-steps MK-RV Operation, press Finish.
9. If no errors the SKL displays Operation Successful.
10. Press OK, then Finish.
11. The SKL give you the option to send the key again. Select No.
12. Load original KEK back to NCS? select No.
134
OTAR Operations (TX MK) (5)
FILL MENU
R BAT
CLASSIFICATION
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
TON
VINSON
CT
OTAR TRANSMIT
SECRET
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
R BAT
FILL MENU
VULOS
TRANSMIT OTAR MK
OTAR FILL SUMMARY
TEKS: 1
KEKS: 0
YES
PRESS CLR / ENT TO CONTINUE
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
FILL MENU
R BAT
VULOS
SWITCH TO CT
TO TX OTAR
VULOS
TON
05 - FM LOS 1
LOS VOC
FM
TYPE
KEY
TRF
MOD
VINSON
CT
OTAR MK TRANSMIT
SUCCESSFUL
DISCONNECT FILL DEVICE
R BAT
TON
PRESS CLR / ENT TO CONTINUE
VINSON
CT
---
01
CHAN
Once the key has been transferred from the Fill Device the display changes to
the CLASSIFICATION screen. KEY RECEIVED will be displayed at the bottom
for a few seconds.
1. Select the Classification, SECRET. An OTAR FILL SUMMARY will be
displayed.
2. Press ENT or CLR then disconnect the fill device.
3. Move the Cipher switch to CT. The radio returns to the last System
Preset. Notify the net to prepare to receive and MK OTAR.
4. Press the MODE button (3).
5. Select OTAR TRANSMIT, then YES. The radio displays OTAR MK
TRANSMIT SUCCESSFUL.
6. Press the clear button and Poll the net to see if any station needs the
OTAR retransmitted.
135
OTAR Operations (RX MK)
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
R BAT
VULOS
OTAR RECEIVE
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
R BAT
OTAR RX
VULOS
TON
VINSON
CT
VINSON
VINSON
CT
R BAT
VINSON
VULOS
TON
KEY TYPE:
KEY NUMBER:
PRESS CLR TO ABORT
TON
TON
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
OTAR RX MK
AWAITING RECEPTION
VULOS
VULOS
CRYPTO MODE
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
R BAT
CT
ENT TO CONTINUE / CLR TO ABORT
RECEIVE MK
R BAT
VINSON
WAVEFORM FOR KEY
VULOS
BEACON
CLONE MODE
R BAT
TON
VINSON
CT
TEK
06
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
CT
R BAT
VULOS
TON
VINSON
KEY
RECEIVED
KEY STORE
SUCCESSFUL
ENT TO CONTINUE / CLR TO ABORT
PRESS CLR / ENT TO CONTINUE
CT
When notified by the Net Control Station to prepare for a MK OTAR perform the
following steps.
Press the MODE button (3).
Select OTAR RECEIVE.
Select RECEIVE MK. The radio displays OTAR RX MK AWAITING
RECEPTION.
When the display shows KEY RECEIVED, press ENT.
Select the WAVEFORM, CRYPTO MODE, KEY TYPE, and KEY NUMBER. The
radio defaults to the first empty Key Number.
When KEY STORE SUCCESSFUL is displayed, press CLR / ENT to return to
the operational system preset.
136
Practical Exercise
AN/PRC-152
MK OTAR
137
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138
AN/PRC-152
Scan Operations
Scan Operations (1)
8
VWX
PGM
PGM
PGM – SYS PRESETS - SCAN - VULOS
RADIO CONFIG
SYSTEM PRESETS
HAVEQUICKII CONFIG
SCAN LIST
PRIORITY
HANG / HOLD TIME
PGM – SYS PRESETS
. . . SYS PRESETS - SCAN - VULOS - LIST
SYSTEM PRESET CONFIG
RESET SYSTEM PRESET
SYSTEM SCAN CONFIG
ADD
VIEW
REMOVE
PGM – SYS PRESETS - SCAN
. . . PRESETS - SCAN - VULOS - LIST - ADD
ENABLE SCAN
YES
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
PGM – SYS PRESETS - SCAN
SCAN WAVEFORM
VULOS
PRESS ENT TO CONTINUE
SCAN PRESET TO ADD
0 1 – FMVOICE01
ENTER 01 -99 / PRE + / - TO SCROLL
. . . PRESETS - SCAN - VULOS - LIST - ADD
ADD ANOTHER PRESET
YES
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
The AN/PRC-152 can scan up to 10 voice nets in LOS fixed frequency Plain
Text, VINSON Cipher Text, and 25 kHz Dedicated SATCOM VINSON. It cannot
scan frequency-hopping nets, KG-84, ANDVT, Fascinator, and AES COMSEC.
1. Press the PGM button.
2. Select SYSTEM PRESETS.
3. Select SYSTEM SCAN CONFIG.
4. ENABLE SCAN: YES
5. VULOS is the only waveform that can be scanned, press ENT.
6. Select SCAN LIST
7. Enter a Preset number
8. YES to ADD ANOTHER PRESET. NO when finished adding.
140
Scan Operations (2)
PGM – SYS PRESETS - SCAN - VULOS
PGM – SYS PRESETS - SCAN - VULOS
SCAN LIST
PRIORITY
HANG / HOLD TIME
SCAN LIST
PRIORITY
HANG / HOLD TIME
. . . PRESETS - SCAN - VULOS - PRIORITY
. . . PRESETS - SCAN - VULOS - HANG / HOLD
PRIORITY TX PRESET
FMVOICE01
HANG TIME DURATION
0 3 SECONDS
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
ENTER HANG TIME FROM 01 -99
. . . PRESETS - SCAN - VULOS - PRIORITY
RX PRIORITY SCANNING
ENABLE
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
. . . PRESETS - SCAN - VULOS - PRIORITY
PRIORITY RX PRESET
. . . PRESETS - SCAN - VULOS - HANG / HOLD
HOLD TIME
ENABLE
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
. . . PRESETS - SCAN - VULOS - HANG / HOLD
FMVOICE02
HOLD TIME DURATION
0 5 SECONDS
TO SCROLL / ENT TO CONT
ENTER HOLD TIME FROM 01 -99
1. Select PRIORITY. Select a PRIORITY TX PRESET. The Priority
Transmit Channel is the net that the radio will transmit on when it is
actively scanning and the PTT button is pushed. If the radio is paused on
a different net, it will transmit on that net when the PTT button is pushed.
A Priority Transmit Channel may be programmed by the operator. If one
is not assigned, the first net in the scan list defaults to the priority transmit
channel.
2. RECEIVE PRIORITY SCANNING is either ENABLED or DISABLED. If
ENABLED, select the PRIORITY RX PRESET. Priority Receive Channel
is scanned every other time during the scan sequence.
3. Select HANG/HOLD TIME. Hang Time is the length of time the dwells on
a net after the received signal ends before returning to scanning. Enter 1
to 99 seconds. Hold Time is the length of time the radio dwells on a net
before returning to scan even if still receiving a signal. If HOLD TIME is
ENABLED, enter 1 TO 99.
4. Press PGM to exit and return to the Operational Screen.
141
Scan Operations (3)
R BAT
SCAN
----
------------
CT
SCANNING. . . .
PRESS CLR TO STOP
R BAT
SCAN
FMVOICE01
LOS VOC
TYPE
KEY
TRF
TON
VINSON
FM
---
MOD
CHAN
CT
01
Rotate the Function Switch to S. The display changes to SCANNING…. SCAN
at the top of the screen will be flashing indicating the radio is in automatic scan
mode.
When the radio receives a signal or is transmitting, the screen will display the
channel and SCAN will be flashing indicating the radio is in automatic scan
mode.
Press the CLR button to enter manual scanning. SCAN at the top will stop
flashing while in manual scanning.
142
Practical Exercise
AN/PRC-152
Scan
143
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144
Falcon III
Radio Programming
Application
RF-6550M
Falcon III Radio
Programming Application (1)
Objectives
• Have a basic understanding of the Radio Programming
Application for the AN/PRC-152.
146
Falcon III Radio
Programming Application (2)
The RF-6550M Falcon III Radio Programming Application is a PC based
software used to program Harris AN/PRC-117F, 117G, & AN/PRC-152 radios. A
programming plan is created that contains configuration parameters for multiple
stations and nets. The plan can be saved to file and transferred to other
computers.
During program installation, do not forget to install NRDI (Network Radio Driver
Installer). This installs a COM port specifically for Harris radio communication.
Menu Items:
File Menu: Start a new plan, Open a plan, Save, & Save As.
A password can be added to the Plan so unauthorized personnel do not have
access.
View Menu: The Tool Bar and Status Bar can be turned off & on.
147
Falcon III Radio
Programming Application (3)
Menu Items: continued
Radio Menu:
Program is used to load the plan into a radio.
Generate DSS Keys: Used to generate Digital Signature Standard Public and
Private key pairs. DSS keys are used for file authentication and not loaded into
the radio.
Generate Plan Report: Creates and displays a radio programming plan report.
The report can be saved to file or printed.
Tools Menu: Under Options, you can uncheck items that you do not use to
remove clutter from the programming tabs. Such as Radio types: (AN/PRC117G, AN/PRC-152); Net types: (HAVEQUICK, STC, Beacon, P25, ANW2); and
Radio Features: (Beacon mode, GPS info, Preset Net Lock, etc).
148
Falcon III Radio
Programming Application (4)
Stations Tab:
Under Create Station, select a radio type from the drop down box then click
Create, give the Station a name.
Config button allows individual configurations for Radio Config, HPW address,
Data Port, Situational Awareness, P25, Scan List, DAMA, & Accessories.
Radios must be added to a DAMA net before DAMA radio configuration is
available. If programming a simple LOS, SINCGARS, or Dedicated SATCOM
net, the radio configuration can be left at default setting.
DAMA is an optional waveform that may not be installed.
149
Falcon III Radio
Programming Application (5)
Select the Nets Tab.
1. Under Create Net, select a net type from the drop down box then click
Create.
2. Give the Net a name.
3. Net # is the net Preset number (00-99)
4. Configure Net Membership lists all the stations from the Stations Tab. A
check mark indicates the station has been added to the net.
5. Click Details to define the net properties. e.g. Frequency, Power,
COMSEC, Data/Voice, & Squelch.
Net Properties:
General Net properties: Set the transmit & receive frequencies, and the power
level.
150
Falcon III Radio
Programming Application (6)
Net Properties: continued
COMSEC: Select the Crypto Mode then the TEK ID.
Data/Voice (Traffic): Setting can be left at default for normal voice traffic.
Squelch: Select the applicable Squelch Type.
Advanced: Some net types have no properties to configure.
151
Falcon III Radio
Programming Application (7)
Global Radio Config Tab
These settings will apply to all radios in the Plan. For normal operations all
setting under Global Radio Config can be left at default.
Preset Net Lock applies a password to a block of Net Presets to prevent the
operator from changing the Net specifications on the radio.
Un-checking unwanted items under Tools, Options will remove items from this
tab.
152
Falcon III Radio
Programming Application (8)
Global Network Config tab
Scan List parameters can be defined under VULOS
ERF Coldstart & CUE frequencies, Master & Member stations can be defined
under SINCGARS
Same thing here! Un-checking unwanted items under Tools, Options will remove
items from this tab.
153
Falcon III Radio
Programming Application (9)
Once the plan has been completed, radios can be programmed.
1. From the Radio Menu select Program or click on the Program Radio
button on the Toolbar.
2. Select the station you wish to program.
3. Create a file name up to 20 characters.
4. Under Transfer Location, the connected radio will be seen as a folder
destination. Select the radio or a folder on the computer to save the
mission file to.
5. Select the default or a custom Private Key.
6. Click on the Generate Mission Plans button. The Mission Plan File will be
loaded into the radio.
The Mission Plan File is in temporary memory and must be installed. Click the
Installation Instructions button in the lower left of the Mission Plan Generation
window. Follow these instructions to complete Mission Plan File upload.
154
Practical Exercise
Falcon III
Radio Programming Application
155
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