Calcium and Vitamin D - Naples Premier Concierge

Calcium and Vitamin D
For a Lifetime of Strong, Healthy Bones
Bones perform a variety of functions in the body. Bones provide structure, protect vital organs and
store calcium. Adequate calcium and vitamin D are essential to optimize bone health. Calcium plays
an important role in maintaining bone, while vitamin D is necessary for the body to absorb calcium.
It is important to include both in your diet and the amount you need varies by age.
How much calcium and vitamin D do you need?
If you are age...
You need this much calcium every
day in milligrams (mg)
19–50
1,000 mg
Over 51
1,200 mg
You need this much
vitamin D every day in
International Units (IU)
400 IU
400–800 IU *
(*400 IU is recommended for individuals ages 51 to 70, and 600 IU for those over 70. Some experts believe that for those over 70,
increasing vitamin D supplementation up to 800 IU per day can further increase calcium absorption. The Medical Letter, Vol. 42
(Issue 1075) April 3, 2000)
Be aware that adults should have no more than 2,500 mg of calcium and 2,000 IU of vitamin D a day
through food and supplements. Calcium is absorbed best by the body when it is taken in amounts of
500 mg or less at different times of the day.
Sources of calcium
Calcium is found in a wide variety of foods, including dairy products, vegetables
and beans. Many foods like cereals, juices and breads have calcium added to
them. When eating packaged foods, read the nutrition label to determine how
much calcium the food contains. A list of calcium-rich foods is included on page 2.
Eating a well-balanced diet is a good way to get calcium, but some people may
not get an adequate amount of calcium from food alone. Consider taking
supplements like calcium tablets with vitamin D or even antacids with calcium.
If you have kidney stones, talk to your doctor before taking any supplements.
A well-balanced
diet alone may
not provide you
with the calcium
you need.
Supplements
can make up
the difference.
Getting enough calcium while maintaining a heart healthy diet
Milk and other dairy products are excellent sources of calcium. However, some dairy products are also
high in saturated fat. Saturated fats can raise the level of cholesterol in your blood and increase your risk
for heart disease. When choosing foods that are high in calcium, be sure to check the nutritional label to
determine the amount of saturated fat in the food. Saturated fat intake should be limited to 7–10% of
your daily calories. When converted to grams, this means that you should have no more than 17–22
grams of saturated fat a day, based on a 2,000 calorie diet. The list of calcium-rich foods on page 2 also
includes the amount of saturated fat, in grams, in each serving.
Calcium-rich foods
Food
Calcium (mg)
Saturated fat (g)
2 oz.
1 oz.
1 oz.
1 oz.
350
120
205
185
12
1
6
3
1/
cup
2 cup
1/ cup
2
1 cup
1 cup
1 cup
1 cup
1 cup
340
70
120
300
300
250–300
450
315
6
1
3
2
0
0
0
1
3 oz.
200
2
3 oz.
325
1
1/
2 cup
1 cup
1 cup
80
90
300
0
0
0
10
1/
cup
2 cup
270
45
100
0
0
0
Nuts, seeds, beans,
and tofu
Cooked dried white beans
Dry roasted almonds
Garbanzo beans
Soybeans, cooked
Tofu made with calcium
1 oz.
1 oz.
1 cup
1/ cup
2
1/ cup
2
160
80
80
90
260
0
1
0
1
1
Other foods
Burrito with beans and cheese
Bread, white or whole wheat
Cheese pizza
Corn tortillas (lime treated)
Macaroni and cheese
Nachos with cheese
2 burritos
1 slice
1 slice
3
1/ cup
2
6–8 nachos
215
30
220
130
180
270–300
7
0
3
0
6
7–9
Dairy
Cheese, American
Cheese, cheddar, low-fat
Cheese, cheddar
Cheese, mozzarella,
part-skim
Cheese, ricotta, part-skim
Cottage cheese, low-fat, 1%
Ice cream, soft serve, light
Milk, low-fat, 1%
Milk, skim
Soy milk, calcium added
Yogurt, plain, fat-free
Yogurt with fruit, low-fat
Fish
Salmon, canned with bones
Sardines, Atlantic,
canned with bones
Fruit, juice, and vegetables
Bok choy, cooked or fresh
Broccoli, cooked or fresh
Calcium fortified orange
juice (some brands also
have vitamin D added)
Dried figs
Kale, cooked
Turnip greens
2
Serving Size
2
1/
1/
2
Calcium content in many foods varies depending on ingredients. Check your food labels to get exact content.
Sources of vitamin D
Vitamin D is found in some types of fish and is also added to foods such as milk, cereals and some juices
(see list below). Dietary sources of vitamin D are limited, so it is difficult to get enough of this important
vitamin from food alone. Supplements like multivitamins or calcium tablets with vitamin D can make up
the difference. A typical multivitamin provides 160–400 mg of calcium and 400 IU of vitamin D.
Vitamin D-rich foods
Food
Serving Size
Vitamin D (IU)
Dairy
Milk, skim, low-fat
1 cup
100 IU
3 oz.
3 oz.
425 IU
255 IU
1 cup
1 cup
1/ –1 cup
2
100 IU
100 IU
40 IU
Fish
Salmon, canned with bones
Sardines, Atlantic, canned with bones
Other foods
Fortified rice beverage
Fortified soy beverage
Fortified cereal
Suggestions for adding calcium to
your diet
● Cook
cereals with skim milk or 1% milk (not water), or add 2 tablespoons non-fat dry milk.
● Add
low-fat cheeses to sandwiches, salads, and pizzas.
● Choose
calcium-rich snacks, such as low-fat yogurt or low-fat cheeses.
● Add
sardines to salads or sandwiches
● Use
low-fat cheese on bread or toast instead of butter or margarine.
3
Adding up your calcium and vitamin D
I need ____________mg calcium and ____________IU of vitamin D every day.
Today I ate and drank...
Food
Calcium
Vitamin D (IU)
Example: 8 oz. Skim Milk
= 302 mg calcium
100 IU vitamin D
=___ mg calcium
___ IU vitamin D
=___ mg calcium
___ IU vitamin D
=___ mg calcium
___ IU vitamin D
=___ mg calcium
___ IU vitamin D
=___ mg calcium
___ IU vitamin D
=___ mg calcium
___ IU vitamin D
=___ mg calcium
___ IU vitamin D
=___ mg calcium
___ IU vitamin D
=___ mg calcium
___ IU vitamin D
=___ mg calcium
___ IU vitamin D
=___ mg calcium
___ IU vitamin D
=___ mg calcium
___ IU vitamin D
I took a multivitamin containing ___ mg calcium
and
___ IU vitamin D
I took supplements containing ___ mg calcium
and
___ IU vitamin D
and
___ IU vitamin D
TOTAL =___ mg calcium