Yara’s Solutions for Climate Smart Agriculture
Egil Hogna, Head of Downstream, Yara International ASA
Feeding the Future
The world must feed 9 billion people by 2050
2800
9,5
World Population
2600
8,5
Arable land in m2 per
person (left axis)
7,5
World Population in billions
(right axis)
2400
Arable land
2200
6,5
2000
1800
5,5
2000
2015
2030
2050
Source: UN Medium variant
scenario. FAO (2003): World
Agriculture: Towards 2015/2030.
The challenge is to do so without
consuming more resources:

Arable land

Fresh water

CO2 generated per output unit
+60% food needed
Main approaches
Higher yields
Smarter farming
Increased crop supplies:
From added acreage or added productivity?
• Historic development
1961 → 2005:
Crop supply
→ +135 %
Farmland
→ +27 %
• Stanford University:
• Emissions from factors such as
fertilizer production have
increased, but the net effect of
higher yields has avoided
emissions of up to 590 GtCO2e
since 1961
• Each dollar invested in yields has
resulted in 249 kg fewer CO2e
emissions
• FAO World Hunger Map
Historically, intensification of agriculture has been key to
produce enough food and to save natural land.
800
Bn t CO2-eq
700
600
GHG emissions from:
Land use change
Paddy rice cultivation
Fertilizer production
N2O from soil
500
400
300
200
100
0
GHG emissions with
modern agriculture
„real world scenario“
(∑1965-2005)
Source: Burney et al. (2010); Stanford Univ.
GHG emissions
without modernization
„alternative scenario“
(∑1965-2005)
Assumption:
Yield constant since 1961,
but with actual global
population growth
Going forward: How can crop production
become more Climate Smart
enteric
fermentation
4%
manure mineral fertilizers
1,4%
2%
agriculture (rest)
2,3%
rice
1%
land use and land
use change
10%
industry and fossil
fuels
79%
IPCC (2014) For illustrative purposes as the time span for the figures are not
consistent (partly 2010, partly averages for 2000-2010)
One example: Future supply of maize to
Tanzania’s growing population
Million people
160
140
Million
hectares
Maize yields 2010:
1.55 t/ha
14
12
120
10
100
8
80
6
60
40
4
20
2
0
0
2014
2050
2010
2050
Partnering with food companies to communicate
Yara crop concepts to more growers
FOOD
COMPANIES/
PROCESSORS
DISTRIBUTORS
GROWERS
Knowledge
Crop focus
Product portfolio
Application competence
FOOD
RETAILERS
Final Consumer
Increasing profit by increasing sales volumes
Case example: significant challenges linked to
coffee production in Vietnam
Key challenges:
• Plant nutrition not optimized:
• over supply of fertilizer
• non appropriate nitrogen
• not balanced nutrition
• Ageing trees give a forecasted
reduction in coffee production
WEF Coffee Task force:
“Make Vietnam the
recognized reference of
Robusta”
MARD
So what next for European farming





EU already a net importer
Farmland needed outside
Europe increased by 10
million hectares to 35 million
Can Europe possibly avoid
being a driver of
deforestation?
European farmers have
already improved significantly
Better knowledge and tools
may add even higher
performance
Million hectares farmed
outside EU to feed
Europeans
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
1999/2000
2007/2008
Europe: Nutrient efficiency increased last 20 years –
N2O emissions from soils have decreased
NUE (%) *
N2O from agricultural soils (Mio t CO2eq)
70
65
60
55
50
45
40
35
30
25
20
1990
240
230
220
210
200
190
180
170
160
1995
2000
2005
Source: FAO, Fertilizers Europe, Yara
2010
150
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Source: United Nations Framework Convention
Today
Europe
has the
highest
Nitrogen Use Efficiency
(NUE) of any region
* NUE
= crop N removal
/ mineral
N input * 100
on Climate Change (UNFCCC, 2011)
import with feed is not considered
in Nthe
world – efficiently reducing N2O emissions from the field
Kotkaniemi trials: Balanced crop nutrition
improves Nutrient use efficiency
120
100
- 8%
80
- 16%
- 26%
60
40
NUE 91%
84%
76%
NPK
NP
67%
20
0
NPKS
Source: Summary of Yara Kotkaniemi trials
N
Making farming sexy: Smarter farming through
knowledge and technology
N-Sensor:
Tractor-mounted
scanner, adjusting
fertilizer
application
according to
crops’ needs
Smartphone Apps
CheckIT:
Tap directly into
Yara’s 100+ years
of experience
Yara Crop
Nutrition:
Crop- and
location specific
advice on how to
maximize value
and minimize
losses
-59% GHG since 2004
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