NO.
15FD-742
ISSUED: AUG. 10, 2007
REVISED: JUN. 19, 2008
HOSHIZAKI
SELF-CONTAINED
CRESCENT CUBER
MODEL
KM-30A
KM-35A
KM-50A
KM-75A
SERVICE MANUAL
CONTENTS
PAGE
I. SPECIFICATIONS--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
1. DIMENSIONS/CONNECTIONS-----------------------------------------------------------------1
[a] KM-30A, KM-35A--------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
[b] KM-50A--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2
[c] KM-75A--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3
2. SPECIFICATIONS-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------4
[a] KM-30A, KM-35A--------------------------------------------------------------------------------4
[b] KM-50A--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5
[c] KM-75A--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6
II. GENERAL INFORMATION--------------------------------------------------------------------------7
1. CONSTRUCTION-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------7
[a] KM-30A, KM-35A, KM-50A-------------------------------------------------------------------7
[b] KM-75A--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8
[c] ICEMAKING COMPARTMENT--------------------------------------------------------------9
2. CONTROLLER BOARD------------------------------------------------------------------------- 10
[a] SOLID-STATE CONTROL------------------------------------------------------------------ 10
[b] CONTROLLER BOARD--------------------------------------------------------------------- 10
[c] SEQUENCE------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 11
[d] CONTROL FEATURES---------------------------------------------------------------------- 14
[e] CONTROLS AND ADJUSTMENTS------------------------------------------------------ 17
[f] ALARMS----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 20
[g] CHECKING THE CONTROLLER BOARD--------------------------------------------- 21
3. SWITCHES----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 22
III. TECHNICAL INFORMATION--------------------------------------------------------------------- 23
1. WATER CIRCUIT AND REFRIGERANT CIRCUIT---------------------------------------- 23
[a] KM-30A, KM-35A, KM-50A----------------------------------------------------------------- 23
[b] KM-75A------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 24
2. WIRING DIAGRAM------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 25
3. TIMING CHART------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 26
IV. SERVICE DIAGNOSIS----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 27
1. NO ICE PRODUCTION-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 27
2. EVAPORATOR IS FROZEN UP--------------------------------------------------------------- 29
3. LOW ICE PRODUCTION------------------------------------------------------------------------ 30
4. ABNORMAL ICE----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 30
5. OTHERS--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 31
V. REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT--------------------------------------------------------------- 32
1. SERVICE FOR REFRIGERANT LINES----------------------------------------------------- 32
[a] SERVICE INFORMATION------------------------------------------------------------------ 32
[b] REFRIGERANT RECOVERY-------------------------------------------------------------- 33
[c] EVACUATION AND RECHARGE--------------------------------------------------------- 33
2. BRAZING-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 34
3. COMPRESSOR------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 35
4. DRIER------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 36
5. HOT GAS VALVE---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 37
6. EXPANSION VALVE - KM-75A ONLY-------------------------------------------------------- 39
7. FAN MOTOR---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 41
8. PUMP MOTOR------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 42
9. WATER VALVE------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 43
10. DRAIN VALVE-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 44
11. FLOAT SWITCH----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 45
[a] KM-30A, KM-35A, KM-50A----------------------------------------------------------------- 45
[b] KM-75A------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 46
12. BIN CONTROL SWITCH------------------------------------------------------------------------ 47
13. THERMISTOR------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 50
14. CONTROL BOX----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 51
[a] POWER SWITCH----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 52
[b] FUSE--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 52
[c] FUSE HOLDER-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 52
[d] CONTROLLER BOARD--------------------------------------------------------------------- 52
[e] POWER RELAY------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 52
[f] COMPRESSOR CAPACITOR - KM-50A, KM-75A ONLY--------------------------- 53
[g] CONTROLLER BOARD TRANSFORMER--------------------------------------------- 53
15. WATER TANK-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 53
16. CUBE GUIDE-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 55
17. SEPARATOR--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 56
18. SPRAY TUBE, WATER SUPPLY PIPE, SPRAY GUIDE-------------------------------- 56
19. DOOR------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 57
VI. CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS--------------------------------------- 58
1. CLEANING------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 58
[a] CLEANING PROCEDURE------------------------------------------------------------------ 58
[b] SANITIZING PROCEDURE---------------------------------------------------------------- 60
2. MAINTENANCE----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 61
[a] EXTERIOR PANELS------------------------------------------------------------------------- 61
[b] STORAGE BIN AND SCOOP-------------------------------------------------------------- 61
[c] AIR FILTER------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 61
[d] CONDENSER---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 61
3. PREPARING THE ICEMAKER FOR LONG STORAGE--------------------------------- 61
ii
I. SPECIFICATIONS
1. DIMENSIONS/CONNECTIONS
[a] KM-30A, KM-35A
Unit: mm
[b] KM-50A
Unit: mm
[c] KM-75A
Unit: mm
2. SPECIFICATIONS
[a] KM-30A, KM-35A
AC SUPPLY VOLTAGE
AMPERAGE
STARTING AMPERAGE
ELECTRIC CONSUMPTION
POWER FACTOR
POWER SUPPLY CAPACITY
ICE PRODUCTION PER 24h
WATER CONSUMPTION PER 24h
1 PHASE 220-240V 50Hz
1.5A (AT.32°C, WT.21°C)
10.0A
195W (AT.32°C, WT.21°C)
54%
Min.0.65KVA (2.73A)
Approx. 36kg (AT.10°C,WT.10°C)
Approx. 32kg (AT.21°C,WT.15°C)
Approx. 25kg (AT.32°C,WT.21°C)
Approx. 0.142m3 (AT.10°C, WT.10°C)
Approx. 0.060m3 (AT.21°C, WT.15°C)
Approx. 0.042m3 (AT.32°C, WT.21°C)
CRESCENT CUBE
Approx. 30min (AT.21°C, WT.15°C)
Approx. 0.71kg / 80pcs (AT.21°C, WT.15°C)
Approx. 16kg (Bin Control Setting Approx.14kg)
450mm(W)x610mm(D)x840mm(H) (3Y2455)
Stainless Steel, Galvanized Steel (Rear)
Polyurethane Foam
Y-type Con. (with CONT. Plug)
Inlet G3/4 (connected at rear side)
Outlet φ25 (connected at rear side)
Vertical Evaporator with water flow on both sides
Water Supply Harvest Cycle and Hot Gas Defrost
SHAPE OF ICE
FREEZE CYCLE TIME
ICE PRODUCTION PER CYCLE
MAX STORAGE CAPACITY
DIMENSIONS ( DRAWING NO. )
EXTERIOR
INSULATION
CONNECTIONS-ELECTRIC
-WATER SUPPLY
-DRAIN
ICE MAKING SYSTEM
HARVESTING SYSTEM
COMPRESSOR
Hermetic 125W Model QA51K13GAW5-H0LE
Air-cooled, Fin and Tube type
CONDENSER
HEAT REJECTION
460W(394kcal/h) (AT.32°C, WT.21°C)
EVAPORATOR
Vertical type, Stainless Steel and Copper
REFRIGERANT CONTROL
Capillary Tube
REFRIGERANT CHARGE
R134a / 200g
ICE MAKING CONTROL SYSTEM
Float Switch
Controller
HARVESTING CONTROL SYSTEM
Hot Gas and Water, Thermistor and Timer
BIN CONTROL SYSTEM
Mechanical Level Switch with Delay
Board
ICE MAKING WATER CONTROL SYSTEM
Timer Controlled, Overflow Pipe
ELECTRICAL PROTENCTION
Class Ⅰ Appliance, 5A Fuse
COMPRESSOR PROTECTION
Auto-reset 0verload Protector
ICE MAKER PROTECTION
Interlock by Controller Board
WEIGHT
Net weight 39kg / Gross weight 49kg
PACKAGE
Carton 535mm(W)x705mm(D)x955mm(H)
ACCESSORIES
Instruction Manual , Scoop , Adjustable Bolt , Outlet Hose
OPERATING CONDITIONS
VOLTAGE RANGE
198-254V
AMBIENT TEMP.
1-40°C
WATER SUPPLY TEMP.
5-35°C
WATER SUPPLY PRESS.
0.7-8bar(0.07-0.8Mpa)
We reserve the right to make changes in specifications and design without prior notice.
[b] KM-50A
AC SUPPLY VOLTAGE
AMPERAGE
STARTING AMPERAGE
ELECTRIC CONSUMPTION
POWER FACTOR
POWER SUPPLY CAPACITY
ICE PRODUCTION PER 24h
WATER CONSUMPTION PER 24h
1 PHASE 220-240V 50Hz
2.2A (AT.32°C, WT.21°C)
10.7A
303W (AT.32°C, WT.21°C)
57%
Min.0.70KVA (2.92A)
Approx. 52kg (AT.10°C,WT.10°C)
Approx. 50kg (AT.21°C,WT.15°C)
Approx. 41kg (AT.32°C,WT.21°C)
Approx. 0.281m3 (AT.10°C, WT.10°C)
Approx. 0.148m3 (AT.21°C, WT.15°C)
Approx. 0.079m3 (AT.32°C, WT.21°C)
CRESCENT CUBE
Approx. 25min (AT.21°C, WT.15°C)
Approx. 0.95kg / 110pcs (AT.21°C, WT.15°C)
Approx. 23kg (Bin Control Setting Approx.19kg)
603mm(W)x610mm(D)x840mm(H) (3Y2456)
Stainless Steel, Galvanized Steel (Rear)
Polyurethane Foam
Y-type Con. (with CONT. Plug)
Inlet G3/4 (connected at rear side)
Outlet φ25 (connected at rear side)
Vertical Evaporator with water flow on both sides
Water Supply Harvest Cycle and Hot Gas Defrost
SHAPE OF ICE
FREEZE CYCLE TIME
ICE PRODUCTION PER CYCLE
MAX STORAGE CAPACITY
DIMENSIONS ( DRAWING NO. )
EXTERIOR
INSULATION
CONNECTIONS-ELECTRIC
-WATER SUPPLY
-DRAIN
ICE MAKING SYSTEM
HARVESTING SYSTEM
COMPRESSOR
Hermetic 250W Model QA91K21CAW5-HOLE
Air-cooled, Fin and Tube type
CONDENSER
HEAT REJECTION
920W(788kcal/h) (AT.32°C, WT.21°C)
EVAPORATOR
Vertical type, Stainless Steel and Copper
REFRIGERANT CONTROL
Capillary Tube
REFRIGERANT CHARGE
R134a / 220g
ICE MAKING CONTROL SYSTEM
Float Switch
Controller
HARVESTING CONTROL SYSTEM
Hot Gas and Water, Thermistor and Timer
BIN CONTROL SYSTEM
Mechanical Level Switch with Delay
Board
ICE MAKING WATER CONTROL SYSTEM
Timer Controlled, Overflow Pipe
ELECTRICAL PROTENCTION
Class Ⅰ Appliance, 5A Fuse
COMPRESSOR PROTECTION
Auto-reset 0verload Protector
ICE MAKER PROTECTION
Interlock by Controller Board
WEIGHT
Net weight 46kg / Gross weight 58kg
PACKAGE
Carton 690mm(W)x705mm(D)x955mm(H)
ACCESSORIES
Instruction Manual , Scoop , Adjustable Bolt , Outlet Hose
OPERATING CONDITIONS
VOLTAGE RANGE
198-254V
AMBIENT TEMP.
1-40°C
WATER SUPPLY TEMP.
5-35°C
WATER SUPPLY PRESS.
0.7-8bar(0.07-0.8Mpa)
We reserve the right to make changes in specifications and design without prior notice.
[c] KM-75A
AC SUPPLY VOLTAGE
AMPERAGE
STARTING AMPERAGE
ELECTRIC CONSUMPTION
POWER FACTOR
POWER SUPPLY CAPACITY
ICE PRODUCTION PER 24h
WATER CONSUMPTION PER 24h
1 PHASE 220-240V 50Hz
3.0A (AT.32°C, WT.21°C)
13.3A
412W (AT.32°C, WT.21°C)
57%
Min.0.87KVA (3.63A)
Approx. 72kg (AT.10°C,WT.10°C)
Approx. 70kg (AT.21°C,WT.15°C)
Approx. 55kg (AT.32°C,WT.21°C)
Approx. 0.287m3 (AT.10°C, WT.10°C)
Approx. 0.118m3 (AT.21°C, WT.15°C)
Approx. 0.071m3 (AT.32°C, WT.21°C)
CRESCENT CUBE
Approx. 24min (AT.21°C, WT.15°C)
Approx. 1.25kg / 130pcs (AT.21°C, WT.15°C)
Approx. 40kg (Bin Control Setting Approx.34kg)
603mm(W)x712mm(D)x840mm(H) (3Y2457)
Stainless Steel, Galvanized Steel (Rear)
Polyurethane Foam
Y-type Con. (with CONT. Plug)
Inlet G3/4 (connected at rear side)
Outlet φ25 (connected at rear side)
Vertical Evaporator with water flow on both sides
Water Supply Harvest Cycle and Hot Gas Defrost
SHAPE OF ICE
FREEZE CYCLE TIME
ICE PRODUCTION PER CYCLE
MAX STORAGE CAPACITY
DIMENSIONS ( DRAWING NO. )
EXTERIOR
INSULATION
CONNECTIONS-ELECTRIC
-WATER SUPPLY
-DRAIN
ICE MAKING SYSTEM
HARVESTING SYSTEM
COMPRESSOR
Hermetic 300W Model QA125K26CAW5-H0LE
Air-cooled, Fin and Tube type
CONDENSER
HEAT REJECTION
1050W (904kcal/h) (AT.32°C, WT.21°C)
EVAPORATOR
Vertical type, Stainless Steel and Copper
REFRIGERANT CONTROL
Thermostatic Expansion Valve
REFRIGERANT CHARGE
R134a / 240g
ICE MAKING CONTROL SYSTEM
Float Switch
Controller
HARVESTING CONTROL SYSTEM
Hot Gas and Water, Thermistor and Timer
BIN CONTROL SYSTEM
Mechanical Level Switch with Delay
Board
ICE MAKING WATER CONTROL SYSTEM
Timer Controlled, Overflow Pipe
ELECTRICAL PROTENCTION
Class Ⅰ Appliance, 5A Fuse
COMPRESSOR PROTECTION
Auto-reset 0verload Protector
ICE MAKER PROTECTION
Interlock by Controller Board
WEIGHT
Net weight 51kg / Gross weight 64kg
PACKAGE
Carton 690mm(W)x805mm(D)x955mm(H)
ACCESSORIES
Instruction Manual , Scoop , Adjustable Bolt , Outlet Hose
OPERATING CONDITIONS
VOLTAGE RANGE
198-254V
AMBIENT TEMP.
1-40°C
WATER SUPPLY TEMP.
5-35°C
WATER SUPPLY PRESS.
0.7-8bar(0.07-0.8Mpa)
We reserve the right to make changes in specifications and design without prior notice.
II. GENERAL INFORMATION
1. CONSTRUCTION
[a] KM-30A, KM-35A, KM-50A
Top Panel
Separator
Spray Tube
Evaporator
Door
Water Supply
Tube
Front Panel
Tank
Louver
Control Box
Control Switch
Condenser
Hot Gas Valve
Air Filter
Front View
Thermistor
Water
Valve
Rear Panel
Pump
Motor
Pipe Cover
Power Supply
Cord
Drain Valve
Rear View
Rear Cover
Drier
With Tank Removed
Fan Motor
Compressor
Float Switch
Bin Control Switch
[b] KM-75A
Top Panel
Separator
Spray Tube
Evaporator
Door
Water Supply
Tube
Front Panel
Tank
Louver
Control Box
Control
Switch
Condenser
Hot Gas Valve
Air Filter
Front View
Fan Motor
Compressor
Thermistor
Water Valve
Pump Motor
Rear Panel
Pipe Cover
Power Supply
Cord
Drain Valve
Rear Cover
Rear View
Drier
Float Switch
With Tank Removed
Bin Control Switch
[c] ICEMAKING COMPARTMENT
Spray Tube
Water Valve
Water Supply Pipe
Evaporator
Pump Motor
Separator
Cube Guide
Float Switch
Water Tank
2. CONTROLLER BOARD
[a] SOLID-STATE CONTROL
1)A HOSHIZAKI exclusive solid-state control is employed in KM-30A, KM-35A, KM-50A
and KM-75A Crescent Cubers.
2)A Printed Circuit Board (hereafter called “Controller Board”) includes a stable and
high-quality control system.
3)All models are pretested and factory-adjusted.
[b] CONTROLLER BOARD
CAUTION
1.Fragile, handle very carefully.
2.A controller board contains integrated circuits, which are susceptible
to failure due to static discharge. To get static free, it is especially
important to touch the metal part of the unit when handling or replacing
the board.
3.Do not touch the electronic devices on the board or the back of the
board to prevent damage to the board. Handle the board by the edges
only.
4.Do not change wiring and connections.
5.Do not repair the electronic devices or parts on the board in the field.
Always replace the whole board assembly when it goes bad.
6.Do not short out the power supply to test for voltage. Also, never short
out or modify the Terminals.
The Controller Board, Part Number P00013-03 (Type HKM2006V003), is used for KM30A, KM-35A, KM-50A and KM-75A.
10
[c] SEQUENCE (see “III. 3. TIMING CHART” for details)
1st cycle
1. Unit energized and Control Switch to “ICE” position.
Water supply cycle starts after 5 seconds.
3. Thermistor reads 9°C. Defrost
Timer starts counting.
2. After water supply cycle starts, Float Switch
position is checked every minute. When it is
in upper (closed) position, defrost cycle starts.
To prevent slushing,
Pump Motor stops
for 10 seconds when
Thermistor senses 1°
C.
IMPORTANT
Water Valve opening
is limited to 6 minutes
after 2 .
10sec
4. At 30 seconds before
the end of defrost cycle,
Water Valve stops water
supply and Pump Motor
starts to run water on
Evaporator surface.
6. At 5 minutes after thermistor temperature
reaches 2°C in freeze cycle. Ready to
complete freeze cycle when Float Switch
circuit opens.
5. Defrost Timer stops counting. Defrost cycle
is completed and freeze cycle starts.
IMPORTANT
1. Board never accepts defrost completion
signal within the first 2 minutes in defrost
cycle.
IMPORTANT
Board never accepts freeze completion signal
within the first 5 minutes after thermistor
temperature reaches 2°C.
2. Defrost cycle time is limited to 20 minutes
even if Defrost Timer does not stop counting.
11
2nd cycle and after
IMPORTANT
Freeze cycle time is limited to the time set
by Freeze Backup Timer on Controller Board
(see “[e] CONTROLS AND ADJUSTMENTS”)
even if Float Switch does not open.
2. Thermistor reads 9°C. Defrost
Timer starts counting.
1. Float Switch opens and signals to complete
freeze cycle.
To prevent slushing,
Pump Motor stops
for 10 seconds when
Thermistor senses 1°
C.
10sec
IMPORTANT
Water Valve opening
is limited to 6 minutes.
3. At 30 seconds before
the end of defrost cycle,
Water Valve stops water
supply and Pump Motor
starts to run water on
Evaporator surface.
5. At 5 minutes after thermistor temperature
reaches 2°C in freeze cycle. Ready to
complete freeze cycle when Float Switch
circuit opens.
IMPORTANT
Board never accepts freeze completion signal
within the first 5 minutes after thermistor
temperature reaches 2°C.
4. Defrost Timer stops counting. Defrost cycle
is completed and freeze cycle starts.
IMPORTANT
1. Board never accepts defrost completion
signal within the first 2 minutes in defrost
cycle.
2. Defrost cycle time is limited to 20 minutes
even if Defrost Timer does not stop counting.
12
2nd cycle and after (Drain Valve open)
IMPORTANT
Freeze cycle time is limited to the time set
by Freeze Backup Timer on Controller Board
(see “[e] CONTROLS AND ADJUSTMENTS”)
even if Float Switch does not open.
Note:The Drain Valve is factory-adjusted
to open every 10 cycles. This
frequency is adjustable according
to the water quality. See “[e] 4)
Drain Counter” for further details.
2. Thermistor reads 9°C. Defrost
Timer starts counting.
6. After the freeze cycle
completes, Drain Valve
opens for 20 seconds
to drain out Water Tank.
When Drain Valve closes,
Water Valve opens and
unit resumes normal
cycle.
To prevent slushing,
Pump Motor stops
for 10 seconds when
Thermistor senses 1°
C.
DR
VALV AIN
E
1. Float Switch opens and signals to complete
freeze cycle.
20sec
10sec
IMPORTANT
Water Valve opening
is limited to 6 minutes.
3. At 30 seconds before
the end of defrost cycle,
Water Valve stops water
supply and Pump Motor
starts to run water on
Evaporator surface.
5. At 5 minutes after thermistor temperature
reaches 2°C in freeze cycle. Ready to
complete freeze cycle when Float Switch
circuit opens.
IMPORTANT
Board never accepts freeze completion signal
within the first 5 minutes after thermistor
temperature reaches 2°C.
4. Defrost Timer stops counting. Defrost cycle
is completed and freeze cycle starts.
IMPORTANT
1. Board never accepts defrost completion
signal within the first 2 minutes in defrost
cycle.
2. Defrost cycle time is limited to 20 minutes
even if Defrost Timer does not stop counting.
13
[d] CONTROL FEATURES
1) Maximum Water Supply Period - 6 minutes
Inlet water valve opening, in the defrost cycle, is limited by the defrost timer. The
water valve cannot remain open longer than the maximum period. The water valve
can close in less than six minutes if the defrost cycle is completed.
2) Defrost Backup Timer
The defrost backup timer shuts down the icemaker if, for two cycles in a row, the
defrost cycle takes more than 20 minutes to complete. The control board will signal
this problem using beeps every 3 seconds. The reset button on the control board
must be pressed with power on to reset the safety.
3) Freeze Backup Timer
The freeze backup timer shuts down the icemaker if, for two cycles in a row, the
freeze cycle takes longer than the time specified to complete. The control board will
signal this problem using 3 beeps every 3 seconds. The time is factory set using dip
switches 9 &10. The safety will be reset when the control switch is turned off and
back on.
4) High Temperature Safety
The temperature of the suction line in the refrigeration circuit is limited by the high
temperature safety. This protects the unit from excessively high temperatures. If the
evaporator temperature rises above 53°C ± 4°C, the thermistor operates the safety.
This shuts down the circuit and the icemaker automatically stops.
The control board will signal this problem using 1 beep every 3 seconds. The reset
button on the control board must be pressed with power on to reset the safety.
5) Low Water Safety
The control board checks the position of the float switch at the end of the initial one
minute water fill cycle and at the end of each harvest cycle.
If the float switch is in the up position (electrical circuit closed), the control board
changes to the next cycle. If the float switch is in the down position (electrical circuit
open), the control board changes to additional one minute water fill cycles until water
enters the sump and the float switch closes. When the float switch closes, the control
board changes to the next cycle. The unit will not start without adequate water in the
sump. This serves as a low water safety to protect the water pump.
6) High Voltage and Low Voltage Cut-outs
The maximum and minimum allowable supply voltages of this icemaker are limited by
the high voltage and low voltage cut-outs.
14
If miswiring (especially on single phase 3 wire models) causes excessive voltage
(294Vac ±5% or more) on the control board, the high voltage cut-out shuts down the
circuit in 3 seconds and the icemaker automatically stops. The control board will
signal this problem using 7 beeps every 3 seconds.
The icemaker also automatically stops in cases of insufficient voltage (184Vac ±5%
or less). The control board will signal this problem using 6 beeps every 3 seconds.
When the proper supply voltage is resumed, the icemaker automatically starts
running again.
7) LED Lights
The control board includes LED indicator lights and an output test feature. The
"POWER OK" LED indicates control voltage and will remain on unless a control
voltage problem occurs. The “POWER OK” LED flashes continuously when the bin is
full. LEDs 4 through 8 energize and sequence from initial startup as listed in the table
below.
Sequence Step
LED
Energized Components
First Water Fill Cycle
8
Water valve
Defrost Cycle
5, 6, 8
Water valve, hot gas valve, compressor
Last 30 seconds of defrost, water valve de-energizes and pump motor energizes
(LEDs 5, 6, and 7 are on)
Freeze Cycle
5, 7
Compressor, pump motor, fan motor
Drain
5, 6, 4
Compressor, hot gas valve, drain valve
15
"H" Control Board
Connector K7
Transformer
Relay LEDs (5)
(indicate which relays
are energized as
listed below)
LED 5 (X1 Relay)
Compressor
LED 6 (X2 Relay)
Hot Gas Valve
Fan Motor (Fan Motor
off when LED on)
Connector K3
Magnetic Contactor
Connector K4
Open
LED 8 (X4 Relay)
Water Valve
POWER OK LED
(Lights when power is
supplied to the board.
Flashes when bin control
is activated.)
Connector K5
Pins
#1 Fan Motor
#2 Hot Gas Valve
#3 Pump Motor
#4 Water Valve
#5 Open
#6 Drain Valve
LED 4 (X6 Relay)
Drain Valve
LED 7 (X3 Relay)
Pump Motor
Connector K6
Open
Connector K8
Open
Connector K1
Pins
#1, 3 Float Switch
#2 Open
#4, 5 Bin Control
#6, 7 Thermistor
#8, 9 Open
Connector K2
Open
Output Test Button
(used to test relays on
board)
Alarm Buzzer
Dip Switch
16
Alarm Reset Button
[e] CONTROLS AND ADJUSTMENTS
1) Dip Switch
The Dip Switches on the Controller Board are factory-adjusted to the following positions:
Dip Switch No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
KM-30A
KM-35A
KM-50A
KM-75A
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
ON
ON
ON
CAUTION
Do not change the settings of the Dip Switch Nos. 3, 4, 7, 8, 9 and 10, or
the unit will not operate properly.
Switch Nos. 1 and 2:
Used for adjustment of the Defrost Timer.
The Defrost Timer starts counting when the Thermistor reads a certain temperature at
the Evaporator outlet.
Switch Nos. 3 and 4:
Used for adjustment of the Drain Timer and the minimum defrost time.
Once every ten freeze cycles, the Drain Valve opens to drain the Water Tank for the
time determined by the Drain Timer. These switches also determine the time to delay
completion of a defrost cycle, i.e. the minimum defrost time.
Do not change this setting, or the unit will not operate properly or produce high quality
ice.
Switch Nos. 5 and 6:
Used for adjustment of the Drain Counter.
The Drain Valve opens to drain the Water Tank at the frequency determined by the
Drain Counter. Once every ten freeze cycles, the Drain Valve drains the Water Tank
to clean inside the tank and prevent cloudy ice production by concentrated icemaking
water. This function ensures proper operation even in hard water conditions. The
frequency of this drain cycle can be changed to every cycle, every two cycles, or
every five cycles.
Switch Nos. 7 and 8
Used for adjustment of the Water Saver.
The Water Saver closes the Water Valve to save water when the Pump Motor starts
to supply water to the Evaporator 30 seconds before the end of defrost cycle. Do not
change this setting.
17
Switch Nos. 9 and 10
Used for adjustment of the Freeze Backup Timer.
The freeze cycle backup time is set to 120 minutes. Do not change this setting.
The Controller Board is located
inside the Control Box.
Output Test Button
Dip Switch
Freeze Timer (9 & 10)
Water Saver Timer (7 & 8)
Drain Frequency Control (5 & 6)
Drain Timer (3 & 4)
Defrost Timer (1 & 2)
Fig. 1
2) Defrost Control
A thermistor (semiconductor) is used for the Defrost Control Sensor. The resistance
varies depending on the suction line temperatures. The Thermistor detects the
temperature of the Evaporator outlet to start the Defrost Timer. No adjustment is
required. If necessary, check for resistance between Thermistor leads, and visually
check the Thermistor mounting, located on the suction line next to the Evaporator outlet.
Temperature °C
Resistance (kilohms)
-1814.401
-1210.613
0
6.000
103.871
212.474
321.633
18
Check the Thermistor for resistance by using the following procedures.
(i) Disconnect the Connector K1 on the board.
(ii) Remove the Thermistor. See “V. 13. THERMISTOR”.
(iii) Immerse the Thermistor sensor portion in a glass containing ice and water for 2 or
3 minutes.
(iv) Check for resistance between the Thermistor leads. Normal reading is within 3.5
to 7 kilohms. Replace the Thermistor if it exceeds the normal reading.
3) Defrost Timer
No adjustment is required under normal use, as the Defrost Timer is adjusted to the
suitable position. However, if necessary when all the ice formed on the Evaporator does
not fall into the Bin in the defrost cycle, adjust the Defrost Timer to longer position by
setting the Dip Switch (Nos. 1 & 2) on the Controller Board.
Dip Switch Setting
No. 1
No. 2
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Time
(seconds)
OFF
60
OFF
90
ON120
ON180
(factory adjustment)
4) Drain Counter
The Drain Counter is factory-adjusted to drain the Water Tank every 10 cycles. No
adjustment is generally required. If more frequent drain cycle is necessary due to water
quality, the Drain Counter can be readjusted as follows:
Dip Switch Setting
No. 5
No. 6
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Frequency
(every)
OFF1 cycle
OFF2 cycles
ON
5 cycles
ON10 cycles (factory adjustment)
5) Bin Control Switch
A mechanical Bin Control Switch is employed and not affected by ambient temperature.
When the Bin Switch Plate is pressed by the weight of ice for 15 seconds, the unit will
stop icemaking operation. Then, if the Bin Switch Plate is released for 90 seconds, the
unit will automatically start the defrost cycle to resume icemaking operation.
19
20
1
High voltage
error
7
Supply voltage falls
below 92V for 5 sec
Supply voltage
exceeds 97V for
5 sec
Supply voltage
Supply voltage exceeds
falls below 135V
145V for 3 sec
for 3 sec
Auto
7 beeps/3 sec
Power
Lamp off
3 beeps/3 sec
6 beeps/3 sec
Power
Lamp on
Turn Control Switch
off and back on
2 beeps/3 sec
1 beep/3 sec
Buzzer
Power
Lamp off
Power
Lamp on
Power
Lamp on
Press Reset Switch
while Overheat
Thermistor detects
temp below 51°C
Press Reset Switch
LED
Manual
No
No
All loads
off
No
All loads
off
All loads
off
Yes
Yes
Error
recorded
at power
OFF
All loads
off
All loads
off
Load
While in error condition
The buzzing sound for each alarm stops when the Power Switch is turned off. When the Power Switch is turned back on:
Alarms 1 & 2:The buzzing sound will start again. Press the Reset Switch on the Controller Board. The buzzing sound will stop and the
alarm will be reset.
Alarm 3:
The buzzing sound will remain off.
Alarms 6 & 7:The alarm will be reset only when the proper voltage is supplied. After the cause of the alarm is located, press the Reset
Switch.
Low voltage
error
Defrost cycle
time-out error
6
3
2
Overheat Thermistor
detects temp above 53°
C for 1 sec
High
evaporator
temp error
Two consecutive
defrost cycles exceed
20 min
Freeze cycle Two consecutive freeze
time-out error cycles exceed 120 min
Condition
Error
Alarm
Reset
If the unit cannot operate properly for a certain cause, the Controller Board will sound a buzzer to inform the user and stop the unit.
Each buzzing sequence represents an error condition. There are five different alarms as shown below.
[f] ALARMS
[g] CHECKING THE CONTROLLER BOARD
Before replacing a Controller Board that does not show a visible defect and that you
suspect is bad, always conduct the following check procedure. This procedure will help
you verify your diagnosis.
1)Check the Dip Switch settings to assure that #3, 4, 7, 8, 9, & 10 are in the factory
default position. Switches 1, 2, 5, & 6 are cleaning adjustments and the settings are
flexible.
2)Move the Control Switch to the “ICE” position and check for proper control voltage.
If the Power OK LED is on, the control voltage is good. If the LED is off, check the
Control Transformer circuit. If no voltage is present, check the power supply circuit.
3)To perform a relay sequence test, turn on the power switch while pressing the
"OUTPUT TEST" button. The correct lighting sequence should be 5, 6, 7, 8, 4.
Some components (e.g., the compressor) will cycle during test. Each LED comes on
for 5 seconds. LED 5 is on while LED 6 is on. Following the output test sequence,
the icemaker will resume normal operation beginning with the initial cycle.
If the components cycle in a different sequence, the Controller Board is bad and
should be replaced. See “V. 14. [d] CONTROLLER BOARD”. If the components
cycled in the correct sequence, proceed to the next step.
4)Move the Control Switch to the “ICE” position.
When the unit enters the freeze cycle, allow it to
run for 5 minutes after the thermistor temperature
reaches 2°C in the freeze cycle and then
disconnect the 3-pin Float Switch Connector
(gray wire). The Connector is not shown, but it
is located in the general area of the circle in Fig.
2. After the Float Switch is disconnected, the
defrost cycle should start. If the defrost cycle
does not start, replace the board. See “V. 14. [d]
CONTROLLER BOARD”.
Note: The board never accepts the freeze completion
signal (open Float Switch) within the first
5 minutes after the thermistor temperature
reaches 2°C in the freeze cycle.
21
Fig. 2
3. SWITCHES
Control Switch
The Control Switch is located at the left front of the unit. Remove the Air Filter to access
the Control Switch. This switch is used to place the machine into one of three modes:
“OFF” (center position), “ICE” (right position), and “WASH” (left position).
1) “OFF”
In the “OFF” position, no power is supplied to the unit. However, to avoid any
possible risk of electrical shock, disconnect the power before servicing.
2) “ICE”
This position applies power to the unit causing the automatic icemaking process to
begin. Refer to “2. [d] SEQUENCE” for further details.
3) “WASH”
When the Control Switch is placed in the “WASH” position, power is supplied to
the Pump Motor and Cleaning Water Valve. This allows cleaning and/or sanitizing
solutions (see “VI. CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS”) to circulate
throughout the water system and down the inside and outside of the Evaporator
plates.
Front View with Louver Removed
Control Switch
Fig. 3
22
III. TECHNICAL INFORMATION
1. WATER CIRCUIT AND REFRIGERANT CIRCUIT
[a] KM-30A, KM-35A, KM-50A
Water Inlet
Capillary Tube
Water Valve
Spray Tube
Accumulator
Thermistor
Pump Motor
Float Switch
Insulation
Water Tank
Drain Valve
Insulation
Evaporator
Drain Outlet
Drier
Condenser
Fan
Compressor
Water Circuit
Refrigeration Circuit
23
Hot Gas
Valve
[b] KM-75A
Water Inlet
Water Valve
Expansion Valve
Spray Tube
Thermistor
Evaporator
Water Tank
Pump Motor
Float Switch
Drain Valve
Drain Outlet
Hot Gas
Valve
Compressor
Fan
Drier
Condenser
Water Circuit
Refrigeration Circuit
24
2. WIRING DIAGRAM
25
26
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
PUMP MOTOR
HOT GAS VALVE
WATER VALVE
DRAIN VALVE
FLOAT SWITCH
BIN CONTROL
SWITCH
RELAY:X6 ON
(DV)
OFF
RELAY:X4 ON
(WV)
OFF
RELAY:X3 ON
(PM)
OFF
RELAY:X2 ON
(HV/FM) OFF
RELAY:X1 ON
(COMP) OFF
ON
OFF
FAN MOTOR
1℃
9℃
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
CONTROLLER BOARD
COMPRESSOR
THERMISTOR
POWER SWITCH
PARTS NAME
5SEC
30SEC
●
MAX 6MIN
DEFROST CYCLE
( FIRST TIME )
▲
10SEC
FREEZE CYCLE
30SEC
●
MAX 6MIN
DEFROST
CYCLE
▲
10SEC
FREEZE CYCLE
MAX 6MIN
20SEC
30SEC
●
DEFROST CYCLE
( INCLUDE DRAIN )
▲
10SEC
FREEZE CYCLE
30SEC
●
DEFROST
CYCLE
15SEC
MAX 6MIN
20SEC
BIN FULL
90SEC
30SEC
●
FREEZE
CYCLE
MAX 6MIN
DEFROST CYCLE
(AFTER BIN FULL)
3. TIMING CHART
IV. SERVICE DIAGNOSIS
1. NO ICE PRODUCTION
PROBLEM
[1] The icemaker
will not start.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
a) Power Supply
1. OFF position.
2. Loose connections.
3. Bad contacts.
4. Voltage too high.
5. Unplugged.
b) Fuse (inside fused 1. Blown out.
disconnect, if any)
c) Control Switch
1. OFF position.
2. Bad contacts.
d) Bin Control Switch 1. Tripped with bin filled
with ice.
2. Defective reed switch.
e) Transformer
f) Wiring to
Controller Board
g) Thermistor
h) Hot Gas Solenoid
Valve
i) Water Supply Line
j) Water Solenoid
[2] Water
continues to be
supplied, and
the icemaker
will not start.
1. Thermal fuse blown out
or coil winding opened.
1. Loose connections or
open.
1. Leads shorted or open
and High Temperature
Safety operates. If
open, unit will start but
have long defrost cycle.
1. Continues to open in
freeze cycle and High
Temperature Safety
operates.
1. Water supply off and
water supply cycle does
not finish.
1. Mesh filter or orifice
gets clogged and water
supply cycle does not
finish.
2. Coil winding opened.
3. Wiring to Water Valve.
k) Controller Board
1. Defective.
a) Float Switch
1. Connector
disconnected.
2. Leads opened or
defective switch.
27
REMEDY
1. Move to ON position.
2. Tighten.
3. Check for continuity and
replace.
4. Check and get
recommended voltage.
5. Plug in.
1. Check for short circuit and
replace.
1. Move to ICE position.
2. Check for continuity and
replace.
1. Remove ice.
2. Check for continuity and
replace.
1. Replace.
1. Check for continuity and
replace.
1. See “II. 2. [e] CONTROLS
AND ADJUSTMENTS, 2)
Defrost Control”.
1. Check for power off in
freeze cycle and replace.
1. Check and get
recommended pressure.
Check for water supply.
1. Clean. Replace if
necessary.
2. Replace.
3. Check for loose
connection or open, and
replace.
1. See “II. 2. [g] CHECKING
THE CONTROLLER
BOARD”.
1. Place in position.
2. Check and replace.
PROBLEM
[2] (Continued)
[3] Compressor
will not start or
operates
intermittently.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
3. Float does not move
freely.
b) Controller Board
1. Defective.
a) Control Switch
1. WASH position.
2. Bad contacts.
b) Overload
1. Bad contacts.
Protector
2. Voltage too low.
3. Refrigerant overcharged
or undercharged.
c) Starter
1. Bad contacts.
2. Coil winding opened.
d) Start Capacitor
1. Defective.
e) Power Relay
1. Bad contacts.
f) Compressor
2. Coil winding opened.
1. Wiring to Compressor.
2. Defective.
3. Protector tripped.
[4] Water
continues to be
supplied in
freeze cycle.
[5] No water
comes from
Spray Tubes.
Water Pump
will not start, or
freeze cycle
time is too
short.
g) Controller Board
1. Defective.
h) Condenser, Air
Filter
a) Water Solenoid
Valve
1. Clogged with dirt and
dust.
1. Diaphragm does not
close.
b) Controller Board
1. Defective.
a) Water Supply Line 1. Water pressure too low
and water level in Water
Tank too low.
b) Water Solenoid
1. Dirty mesh filter or
Valve
orifice and water level in
Water Tank too low.
c) Water System
1. Water leaks.
d) Pump Motor
2. Clogged.
1. Motor winding opened.
2. Bearing worn out.
3. Wiring to Pump Motor.
4. Defective Capacitor.
5. Defective or bound
impeller.
28
REMEDY
3. Clean or replace.
1. Replace.
1. Move to ICE position.
2. Check and replace.
1. Check for continuity and
replace.
2. Increase voltage.
3. Recharge.
1. Check and replace.
2. Replace.
1. Replace.
1. Check for continuity and
replace.
2. Replace.
1. Check for loose
connection or open, and
replace.
2. Replace.
3. Reduce temperature and
verify cause.
1. See “II. 2. [g] CHECKING
THE CONTROLLER
BOARD”.
1. Clean and unclog.
1. Check for water leaks
with icemaker off.
Replace if necessary.
1. See “II. 2. [g] CHECKING
THE CONTROLLER
BOARD”.
1. Check and get
recommended pressure.
1. Clean.
1. Check connections for
water leaks, and replace.
2. Clean.
1. Replace.
2. Replace.
3. Check for loose
connection or open, and
replace.
4. Replace.
5. Replace and clean.
PROBLEM
[5] (Continued)
POSSIBLE CAUSE
e) Controller Board
1. Defective.
[6] Fan Motor will
not start, or is
not operating.
a) Fan Motor
[7] All components
run but no ice is
produced.
1. Motor winding opened.
2. Bearing worn out.
3. Wiring to Fan Motor.
b) Controller Board
4. Fan blade bound
(locked Fan Motor).
1. Defective.
a) Refrigerant
1. Undercharged.
2. Air or moisture trapped.
b) Compressor
c) Hot Gas Solenoid
Valve
1. Defective valve.
1. Continues to open in
freeze cycle.
REMEDY
1. See “II. 2. [g] CHECKING
THE CONTROLLER
BOARD”.
1. Replace.
2. Replace.
3. Check for loose
connection or open, and
replace.
4. Check and replace.
1. See “II. 2. [g] CHECKING
THE CONTROLLER
BOARD”.
1. Check for leaks and
recharge.
2. Replace Drier, and
recharge.
1. Replace.
1. Check and replace.
2. EVAPORATOR IS FROZEN UP
PROBLEM
[1] Freeze cycle
time is too
long.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
a) Float Switch
1. Leads shorted or
defective switch.
2. Float does not move
freely.
b) Water Solenoid
1. Diaphragm does not
Valve
close.
c) Controller Board
[2] All ice formed
on Evaporator
does not fall
into bin in
defrost cycle.
1. Defective.
a) Evaporator
1. Scaled up.
b) Water Supply Line 1. Water pressure too low.
c) Water Solenoid
Valve
d) Ambient and/or
water temperature
e) Thermistor
f) Controller Board
1. Dirty mesh filter or
orifice.
2. Diaphragm does not
close.
1. Too cool.
1. Out of position or loose
attachment.
1. Defrost Timer is set too
short.
29
REMEDY
1. Check and replace.
2. Clean or replace.
1. Check for water leaks
with icemaker off.
Replace if necessary.
1. See “II. 2. [g] CHECKING
THE CONTROLLER
BOARD”.
1. Clean.
1. Check and get
recommended pressure.
1. Clean.
2. Check for water leaks
with icemaker off.
Replace if necessary.
1. Increase temperature.
1. See “V. 13.
THERMISTOR”.
1. Adjust longer, referring to
“II. 2. [e] CONTROLS
AND ADJUSTMENTS, 3)
Defrost Timer”.
PROBLEM
[2] (Continued)
[3] Others
POSSIBLE CAUSE
2. Defective.
a) Spray Tubes
b) Water System
c) Refrigerant
d) Expansion Valve
(KM-75 only)
e) Hot Gas Solenoid
Valve
f) Water Supply Line
g) Water Filter
1. Clogged.
2. Out of position.
1. Dirty.
1. Undercharged.
1. Bulb out of position or
loose attachment.
2. Defective.
1. Coil winding opened.
2. Plunger does not move.
3. Wiring to Hot Gas
Valve.
1. Too small; requires 9.5
mm OD line dedicated
per machine.
1. Flow rate too small.
REMEDY
2. See “II. 2. [g] CHECKING
THE CONTROLLER
BOARD”.
1. Clean.
2. Place in position.
1. Clean.
1. Check for leaks and
recharge.
1. Place in position.
2. Replace.
1. Replace.
2. Replace.
3. Check for loose
connection or open, and
replace.
1. Increase water supply line
size.
1. Replace with filter that
has larger flow rate.
3. LOW ICE PRODUCTION
PROBLEM
[1] Freeze cycle
time is long.
[2] Defrost cycle
time is long.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
REMEDY
a) See chart 1 - [3] and check dirty Air Filter or Condenser, ambient or water
temperature, water pressure, and refrigerant charge.
b) See chart 2 - [1] and check Float Switch, Water Solenoid Valve, and Controller
Board.
a) See chart 2 - [2] and check Controller Board, Thermistor, Evaporator, ambient
and/or water temperature, water supply line, and Water Solenoid Valve.
4. ABNORMAL ICE
PROBLEM
[1] Small cubes
[2] Cloudy or
irregular cubes
POSSIBLE CAUSE
a) Cube Guide,
1. Out of position.
Water Tank
Circulated water falls
into bin.
REMEDY
1. Check that Cube Guide is
properly installed on
Water Tank and tank is
fixed securely with snaps.
b) See chart 1 - [5] and check water supply line, Water Solenoid Valve, water
system, Pump Motor, and Controller Board.
a) See chart 2 - [1] and - [3] and check Float Switch, Water Solenoid Valve,
Controller Board, Spray Tubes, water system, refrigerant charge and
Expansion Valve.
b) Spray Guide
1. Dirty.
1. Clean.
c) Water Quality
1. High hardness or
1. Install a water filter or
contains impurities.
softener.
30
5. OTHERS
PROBLEM
POSSIBLE CAUSE
[1] Icemaker will
a) Bin Control Switch 1. Completely
not stop when
disconnected and
bin is filled with
dropped inside bin.
ice.
2. Detector broken.
3. Detector out of position.
4. Defective reed switch.
b) Controller Board
[2] Abnormal
noise
a) Pump Motor
b) Fan Motor
c) Compressor
d) Refrigerant Lines
[3] Ice in Storage
Bin often
melts.
a) Bin Drain
5. Reed switch out of
position.
6. Magnet disconnected
from Detector.
1. Defective.
1. Bearings worn out.
1. Bearings worn out.
2. Fan blade deformed.
3. Fan blade does not
move freely.
1. Bearings worn out, or
cylinder valve broken.
2. Mounting pad out of
position or loose
hold-down bolt.
1. Rub or touch lines or
other surfaces.
1. Plugged.
31
REMEDY
1. Place in position.
2. Replace.
3. Place in position.
4. Check for continuity and
replace.
5. Place in position.
6. Place in position.
1. See “II. 2. [g] CHECKING
THE CONTROLLER
BOARD”.
1. Replace.
1. Replace.
2. Replace fan blade.
3. Replace.
1. Replace.
2. Reinstall.
1. Reposition.
1. Clean.
V. REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT
1. SERVICE FOR REFRIGERANT LINES
[a] SERVICE INFORMATION
1) Allowable Compressor Opening Time and Prevention of Lubricant Mixture
[R134a]
The compressor must not be opened more than 30 minutes in replacement or service.
Do not mix lubricants of different compressors even if both are charged with the same
refrigerant, except when they use the same lubricant.
2) Treatment for Refrigerant Leak [R134a]
If a refrigerant leak occurs in the low side of an ice maker, air may be drawn in. Even
if the low side pressure is higher than the atmospheric pressure in normal operation,
a continuous refrigerant leak will eventually lower the low side pressure below the
atmospheric pressure and will cause air suction. Air contains a large amount of
moisture, and ester oil easily absorbs a lot of moisture. If an ice maker charged with
R134a has possibly drawn in air, the drier must be replaced. Be sure to use a drier
designed for R134a.
3) Handling of Handy Flux [R134a]
Repair of the refrigerant circuit requires brazing. It is no problem to use the same handy
flux that has been used for the current refrigerants. However, its entrance into the
refrigerant circuit should be avoided as much as possible.
4) Oil for Processing of Copper Tubing [R134a]
When processing the copper tubing for service, wipe off oil, if any used, by using alcohol
or the like. Do not use too much oil or let it into the tubing, as wax contained in the oil
will clog the capillary tubing.
5) Service Parts for R134a
Some parts used for refrigerants other than R134a are similar to those for R134a. But
never use any parts unless they are specified for R134a because their endurance
against the refrigerant have not been evaluated. Also, for R134a, do not use any parts
that have been used for other refrigerants. Otherwise, wax and chlorine remaining on
the parts may adversely affect R134a.
6) Replacement Copper Tubing [R134a]
The copper tubes currently in use are suitable for R134a. But do not use them if oily
inside. The residual oil in copper tubes should be as little as possible. (Low residual oil
type copper tubes are used in the shipped units.)
32
7) Evacuation, Vacuum Pump and Refrigerant Charge [R134a]
Never allow the oil in the vacuum pump to flow backward. The vacuum level and
vacuum pump may be the same as those for the current refrigerants. However, the
rubber hose and gauge manifold to be used for evacuation and refrigerant charge
should be exclusively for R134a.
8) Refrigerant Leak Check
Refrigerant leaks can be detected by charging the unit with a little refrigerant, raising
the pressure with nitrogen and using an electronic detector. Do not use air or oxygen
instead of nitrogen for this purpose, or rise in pressure as well as in temperature may
cause R134a to suddenly react with oxygen and explode. Be sure to use nitrogen to
prevent explosion.
[b] REFRIGERANT RECOVERY
No refrigerant Access Valve is provided in the unit. Install a proper Access Valve on the
low-side line (ex. Compressor Process Pipe). Recover the refrigerant from the Access
Valve, and store it in a proper container. Do not discharge the refrigerant into the
atmosphere.
[c] EVACUATION AND RECHARGE
1)Attach Charging Hoses, a Service Manifold and a Vacuum Pump to the system.
2)Turn on the Vacuum Pump.
3)Allow the Vacuum Pump to pull down to a 760 mmHg vacuum. Evacuating period
depends on the pump capacity.
4)Close the Low-side Valve on the Service Manifold.
5)Disconnect the Vacuum Pump, and attach a Refrigerant Charging Cylinder.
Remember to loosen the connection, and purge the air from the Hose. See the
Nameplate for the required refrigerant charge.
6)Open the Low-side Valve. Do not invert the Charging Cylinder. A liquid charge will
damage the Compressor.
7)Turn on the icemaker when charging speed gets slow. Turn off the icemaker when
the Low-side Gauge shows approximately 0 kg/cm2. Do not run the icemaker at
vacuum pressures. Close the Low-side Valve when the Charging Cylinder gets
empty.
33
8)Repeat steps 4) through 7), if necessary, until the required amount of refrigerant has
entered the system.
9)Close the Refrigerant Access Valve, and disconnect the Hoses, Service Manifold,
etc.
10)Cap the Access Valve to prevent possible leak.
Depressed
Cap
Access Valve
OPEN
Fig. 4
2. BRAZING
DANGER
1.Refrigerant R134a itself is not explosive or poisonous. However,
when exposed to high temperatures (open flames), R134a can be
decomposed to form hydrofluoric acid and carbonyl fluoride both of
which are hazardous.
2.Always recover the refrigerant and store it in a proper container. Do not
discharge the refrigerant into the atmosphere.
3.Do not use silver alloy or copper alloy containing Arsenic.
4.Do not use R134a as a mixture with pressurized air for leak testing.
Refrigerant leaks can be detected by charging the unit with a little
refrigerant, raising the pressure with nitrogen and using an electronic
leak detector.
Note: All brazing connections inside the bin are clear coated. Sandpaper the brazing
connections before unbrazing the components. Use a good abrasive cloth to
remove the coating.
34
3. COMPRESSOR
WARNING
The Compressor Terminal Cover must be refitted in its correct position.
Otherwise, operation under high temperature and high humidity conditions
may cause electric shock, fire, or corrosion to shorten the service life.
IMPORTANT
Always install a new Drier every time the sealed refrigeration system is
opened. Do not replace the Drier until after all other repair or replacement
has been made.
1)Unplug the icemaker or disconnect the power source.
2)Remove the Louver and Rear Cover.
3)Recover the refrigerant and store it in a proper container, if required by an applicable
law (see “1. [b] REFRIGERANT RECOVERY”).
4)Remove the Terminal Cover on the Compressor, and disconnect Solderless
Terminals.
5)Disconnect the Discharge and Suction Pipes using brazing equipment.
6)Remove the Hold-down Bolts, Washers and Rubber Grommets.
7)Slide and remove the Compressor. Unpack the new Compressor package.
8)Attach the Rubber Grommets of the previous Compressor.
9)Clean the Suction and Discharge Pipes with an abrasive cloth/paper.
10)Place the Compressor in position, and secure it using the Bolts and Washers.
11)Remove Plugs from the Compressor Suction and Discharge Pipes.
12)Braze or solder the Access, Suction and Discharge lines (Do not change this order),
with nitrogen gas flowing at a pressure of 0.2 - 0.3 bar.
13)Install the new Drier (see “4. DRIER”).
14)Check for leaks using nitrogen gas (10 bar) and soap bubbles.
15)Evacuate the system and charge it with refrigerant (see “1. [c] EVACUATION AND
RECHARGE”).
35
16)Connect the Solderless Terminals and replace the Terminal Cover in its correct
position.
17)Refit the Louver and Rear Cover in their correct positions.
18)Plug in the icemaker or connect the power source.
Note: Hoshizaki recommends that Compressor starting electrics are always replaced at
the same time as the Compressor.
4. DRIER
IMPORTANT
Always install a new Drier every time the sealed refrigeration system is
opened. Do not replace the Drier until after all other repair or replacement
has been made.
1)Unplug the icemaker or disconnect the power source.
2)Remove the Rear Cover.
3)Recover the refrigerant and store it in a proper container, if required by an applicable
law (see “1. [b] REFRIGERANT RECOVERY”).
4)Remove the Drier Holder, if any, and pull the Drier toward you for easy service.
5)Remove the Drier using brazing equipment.
6)Braze or solder the new Drier, with the arrow on the Drier in the direction of the
refrigerant flow. Use nitrogen gas at a pressure of 0.2 - 0.3 bar when brazing
tubings. Braze in an Access Valve using a tee if necessary.
7)Check for leaks using nitrogen gas (10 bar) and soap bubbles.
8)Evacuate the system and charge it with refrigerant (see “1. [c] EVACUATION AND
RECHARGE”).
9)Refit the Rear Cover in its correct position.
10)Plug in the icemaker or connect the power source.
Note:Always use a Drier of the correct capacity and refrigerant type.
36
5. HOT GAS VALVE
CAUTION
To ensure optimum performance, use a copper tube of the same diameter
and length for replacement of the hot gas circuit.
IMPORTANT
Always install a new Drier every time the sealed refrigeration system is
opened. Do not replace the Drier until after all other repair or replacement
has been made.
1)Unplug the icemaker or disconnect the power source.
2)Remove the Louver and Rear Cover.
3)Recover the refrigerant and store it in a proper container, if required by an applicable
law (see “1. [b] REFRIGERANT RECOVERY”).
4)Disconnect the Hot Gas Valve leads.
5)Remove the screw and the Solenoid Coil.
6)Remove the valve and Drier using brazing equipment.
Hot Gas Valve
Fig. 5
37
7)Braze the new Hot Gas Valve with nitrogen gas flowing at a pressure of 0.2 - 0.3 bar.
WARNING
Always protect the valve body by using a damp cloth to prevent the valve
from overheating. Do not braze with the valve body exceeding 135°C.
8)Install the new Drier (see “4. DRIER”).
9)Check for leaks using nitrogen gas (10 bar) and soap bubbles.
10)Evacuate the system and charge it with refrigerant (see “1. [c] EVACUATION AND
RECHARGE”).
11)Attach the Solenoid Coil to the valve body, and secure it with the screw.
12)Connect the lead wires.
13)Refit the panels in their correct positions.
14) Plug in the icemaker or connect the power source.
38
6. EXPANSION VALVE - KM-75A ONLY
IMPORTANT
The water in the refrigeration circuit may exceed the capacity of the Drier
and freeze in the Expansion Valve. Always install a new Drier every time
the sealed refrigeration system is opened. Do not replace the Drier until
after all other repair or replacement has been made.
1)Unplug the icemaker or disconnect the power source.
2)Remove the Top Panel, Rear Panel and Rear Cover.
3)Recover the refrigerant and store it in a proper container, if required by an applicable
law (see “1. [b] REFRIGERANT RECOVERY”).
4)Remove the Expansion Valve using brazing equipment. Protect the Evaporator and
pipes from excessive heat with damp cloths or similar.
5)Remove the Insulation Hose from the Expansion Valve Sensor (Bulb) and remove
the Bulb.
6)Remove the Drier using brazing equipment.
7)Braze in the new Expansion Valve. Protect the body of the valve from excessive
heat, and use nitrogen at a pressure of 0.2 - 0.3 bar when brazing.
8)Braze or solder the new Drier (see “4. DRIER”).
9)Check for leaks using nitrogen gas (10 bar) and soap bubbles.
10)Evacuate the system and charge it with refrigerant (see “1. [c] EVACUATION AND
RECHARGE”).
11)Attach the Bulb to the suction line in position. Be sure to secure it using a wire or
clamp and replace the insulation.
12)Replace the panels in their correct positions.
13)Plug in the icemaker or connect the power source.
WARNING
Always protect the valve body by using a damp cloth to prevent the valve
from overheating. Do not braze with the valve body exceeding 115°C.
39
Top Rear View with Top and Rear Panels Removed
Remove Expansion
Valve Cover first
Cut ties to make Bulb
removable
Bulb Insulation Hose
Wrap this part with a
damp cloth to prevent
overheating
Expansion Valve
Expansion Valve is brazed at
these two points.
While brazing, remove Insulation Hoses from pipes
and keep brazing equipment
away from other parts to
prevent burning.
Bulb
Remove band
from Bulb with
a screwdriver
Fig. 6
40
7. FAN MOTOR
1) Unplug the icemaker or disconnect the power source.
2) Remove the Louver.
3) Disconnect the Connector of the Fan Motor lead.
4) Remove the two screws securing the Fan Motor Bracket and pull out the Fan Motor
in the arrow direction. To prevent deformation, do not hit the Fan on the Condenser
or other parts.
5) Install the new Fan Motor in the reverse order of the removal procedure.
6)Refit the Louver in its correct position.
7)Plug in the icemaker or connect the power source.
Fan Motor
Fan Motor Bracket
Screw
Condenser
Fig. 7
41
8. PUMP MOTOR
1) Unplug the icemaker or disconnect the power source.
2) Remove the Top Panel and unscrew the Rear Panel.
3) Disconnect the Connector of the Pump Motor lead.
4) Remove the Water Tank (see “15. WATER TANK”).
5)Remove the ties connecting the Pump Motor discharge outlet and pull off the
Silicone Hose.
Silicone Hose
Tie
Fig. 8
6) Remove the screw securing the Pump Motor. Shift the Case to the center to release
it from the Stopper, and lift off the Pump Motor.
Lift off
Screw
Stopper
Slide to center
Fig. 9
7) Install the new motor in the reverse order of the removal procedure.
8) Plug in the icemaker or connect the power source, and check for leaks.
9)Refit the panels in their correct positions.
42
9. WATER VALVE
1)Unplug the icemaker or disconnect the power source.
2)Close the water supply tap.
3)Remove the Top Panel and unscrew the Rear Panel.
4)Disconnect the Tab Terminals.
5)Pinch and lower the Hose Clamp.
6)Disconnect the Rubber Hose from the Water Valve. Put a towel under the Water
Valve to receive water coming out.
7)Turn the Inlet Nut in the arrow direction to remove it from the Water Valve. Do not
lose the Gasket inside.
8)Remove the two mounting screws.
9)Install the new valve in the reverse order of the removal procedure.
10)Tighten the Inlet Nut to a torque of 7.85 N•m (±5%) to prevent water leaks.
11)Open the water supply tap.
12) Plug in the icemaker or connect the power source.
13)Check for leaks.
14)Refit the panels in their correct positions.
Tab Terminal
Mounting Screw
Inlet Nut
Hose Clamp
Fig. 10
43
Rubber Hose
10. DRAIN VALVE
1)Unplug the icemaker or disconnect the power source.
2)Close the water supply tap.
3)Drain the Water Tank (see “15. WATER TANK”).
4)Disconnect any rigid (fixed) pipe for water supply and drain connections.
5)Unscrew the Rear Cover. Pull out the unit for easy access to the Drain Valve.
6)Disconnect the Connectors (or Tab Terminals) of the Drain Valve lead.
7)Pinch and shift the two Hose Clamps.
8)Disconnect the Hoses from the Drain Valve. Put a towel under the Drain Valve to
receive any water coming out and prevent it from splashing out.
9)Remove the two mounting screws.
10)Install the new valve in the reverse order of the removal procedure.
11)Reconnect the water supply and drain connections, if disconnected in step 4).
12)Open the water supply tap.
13)Plug in the icemaker or connect the power source.
14)Check for leaks.
15)Refit the panels in their correct positions.
Fig. 11
Hose Clamp
* Pinch and shift to left
44
Mounting Screw
Hose Clamp
* Pinch and lower
11. FLOAT SWITCH
[a] KM-30A, KM-35A, KM-50A
1)Unplug the icemaker or disconnect the power source.
2)Remove the Top Panel and unscrew the Rear Panel.
3)Disconnect the Connector of the Float Switch lead and remove the lead wire from
the Grommet through the slit.
4)Remove the Water Tank (see “15. WATER TANK”).
5)Remove the screw securing the Float Switch.
6)Install the new Float Switch in the reverse order of the removal procedure.
7)Refit the panels in their correct positions.
8)Plug in the icemaker or connect the power source.
Mounting Screw
Slit
Grommet
Float Switch
* Attach to three arrowed
surfaces when fixing
with screw
Fig. 12
45
[b] KM-75A
1)Unplug the icemaker or disconnect the power source.
2)Remove the Top Panel and unscrew the Rear Panel.
3)Disconnect the Connector of the Float Switch lead (gray).
4)The Float Switch is located behind the Pump Motor. Pinch the arrowed part (1) and
pull it diagonally forward (2) to unhook the Float Switch.
Screw
Pull
Hook (A)
Pinch
Pump Motor
Bracket
Hook (B)
Float Switch
Float Switch
Fig. 13
5)Remove the screw securing the Float Switch to the Bracket.
6)Attach the new Float Switch to the Rail of the Bracket. Secure them with the screw
by fitting the round end of the slot to the screw hole.
Rail
Round end of slot
* Secure here with
screw
When fitted properly, top ends
of Bracket and Float Switch
become flush with each other
Screw
Fig. 14
46
7)Put the Float Switch down into the mounting hole and hook it in position as shown.
To ensure proper operation, be sure to fit the Hook (A) under the mounting hole.
8)Refit the removed parts in the reverse order of the removal procedure.
9)Plug in the icemaker or connect the power source.
Mounting Hole
Fig. 15
12. BIN CONTROL SWITCH
1) Unplug the icemaker or disconnect the power source.
2)Remove the Top Panel and unscrew the Rear Panel.
3)Disconnect the Connector of the Bin Control Switch lead (black) covered with a
silicone hose and remove the lead wire from the Grommet.
4)Remove the Water Tank (see “15. WATER TANK”). The Bin Control Switch is
located as shown below when viewed from the front.
Separator
Bin Control Switch
Fig. 16
5)Pull down and remove the lead wire from the retainer on the right side of the Bin
Control Switch.
6)Hold both sides of the Bin Control Switch and pull it toward you.
47
Evaporator
Retainer
Pump Motor
Hold here and pull toward you
Slide Rail
[both sides]
Pull
Stopper (A) [both sides]
Fig. 17
7)The Bin Control Switch (KM-30A/35A) pulled out of the Storage Bin has the internal
structure as shown below.
Reed Switch
Lead Hook
Stopper (B) [both sides]
* Fit in Stopper (A)
Bin Switch Case
Bin Switch Plate
Fig. 18
48
Reed Switch Cover
8)To remove the Bin Switch Plate, slightly warp both sides and pull the Shaft toward
you.
Slightly warp
Top View
Pull toward you
Fig. 19
9)Refit the removed parts in the reverse order of the removal procedure. Be sure to
put the lead wire back in the Retainer on the Bracket.
10)Plug in the icemaker or connect the power source.
49
13. THERMISTOR
1) Unplug the icemaker or disconnect the power source.
2)Remove the Top Panel and unscrew the Rear Panel.
3)Disconnect the Connector of the Thermistor lead (orange).
4)Remove the Ties, Insulation, Thermistor Holder, and Thermistor in this order.
5)Remove the old sealant from the Thermistor Holder and Suction Pipe.
6)Wipe off any moisture or condensation from the Suction Pipe surfaces.
7)Press a tube of the sealant KE4560RTV, manufactured by Shin-Etsu Silicones, to
the recess of the Thermistor Holder. Slowly squeeze the sealant out of the tube and
spread it smoothly in the recess. Do not use any sealant other than the above.
8)Attach the new Thermistor in position on the Suction Pipe and press down the
Thermistor Holder over the Thermistor. Be careful not to damage the Thermistor
lead. Cover the parts with the Insulation and secure them with the Ties. Keep the
Thermistor inside the Thermistor Holder. After the Thermistor Holder is fitted, do not
pull the Thermistor lead to move the Thermistor.
9)Refit the removed parts in the reverse order of the removal procedure.
10)Plug in the icemaker or connect the power source.
Thermistor Lead
Tie
After Thermistor Holder is fitted,
do not pull Thermistor lead
Insulation
Thermistor Holder
Fit right on top of pipe
Fill up to slightly above top of recess
Fill in shaded area
Fig. 20
50
Do not let in air and
make a hollow in recess
14. CONTROL BOX
1)Unplug the icemaker or disconnect the power source.
2)Remove the Louver.
3)Tilt the Tabs inward at the same time on both sides of the Control Box and pull the
Control Box toward you. Tilting only one Tab will not work.
4)To refit the Control Box, push it in horizontally.
Control Box
Tab
Control Box
Power Relay
Transformer
Fuse
Fuse Holder
Power Switch
Capacitor
(KM-50/75 only)
Positioning Lug
Push Button
Controller Board
Tab
Fig. 21
51
Note: After replacing the components inside the Control Box, connect and tie the wires
properly in their correct position. Especially make sure that the Harness does not
press the Push Buttons on the Controller Board.
[a] POWER SWITCH
1)Disconnect the Tab Terminals and remove the Nut securing the Power Switch.
2)Install the new Switch in the reverse order of the removal procedure.
3)To prevent miswiring, check the terminal numbers and lead wire colors with the
Wiring Label.
[b] FUSE
1)Use a phillips head screwdriver to remove the Fuse Holder Cap and take out the
Fuse.
2)Install the new Fuse in the reverse order of the removal procedure.
[c] FUSE HOLDER
1)Disconnect the Tab Terminal and remove the Nut securing the Fuse Holder.
2)Install the new Fuse Holder in the reverse order of the removal procedure.
[d] CONTROLLER BOARD
1)Disconnect all the Connectors.
2)Pull the Tab to release the Controller Board.
3)Lift off the Controller Board.
4)To refit the Controller Board, fit its four corner holes on the positioning lugs inside
the Control Box and secure the Controller Board with the Tab.
5)When reconnecting the Connectors, do not push them too hard. The Controller
Board may be damaged.
[e] POWER RELAY
1)Disconnect the Tab Terminals, remove the mounting screw, and lift off the Power
52
Relay from the fit at the bottom.
2)Install the new Relay in the reverse order of the removal procedure.
3)To prevent miswiring, check the terminal numbers and lead wire colors with the
Wiring Label.
[f] COMPRESSOR CAPACITOR - KM-50A, KM-75A ONLY
1)Disconnect the Tab Terminals and cut the Tie.
2)Install the new Capacitor in the reverse order of the removal procedure. Use a cable
tie to secure the Capacitor tightly.
[g] CONTROLLER BOARD TRANSFORMER
1)Disconnect the Connectors and Closed End Connectors connecting the Controller
Board. (The Tie securing the harness may be removed. But be careful not to break
the lead wires.)
2)Remove the mounting screw and lift off the Transformer from the fit at the bottom.
3)Install the new Transformer in the reverse order of the removal procedure.
15. WATER TANK
1) Unplug the icemaker or disconnect the power source. Remove all ice from the
Storage Bin.
2)Drain out the Water Tank by pulling off the Overflow Pipe from the Water Tank
bottom and the Silicone Hose from the Storage Bin bottom.
Cube Guide
Water Tank
Silicone Hose
(Connect/disconnect
arrowed part)
Overflow Pipe
(Disconnect from tank
bottom)
Storage Bin
Fig. 22
53
3)Pinch and push down the Snaps on
both sides of the Bracket to unhook
the Water Tank from the square holes,
and pull it about 1” toward you.
Snap
Water Tank
Fig. 23
4)When the Snaps are unhooked from
the square holes, the rear part of the
Water Tank (dotted circle below) is also
unhooked. Hold the Water Tank with
both hands.
Pump Motor
Float Switch
Fig. 24
5)Tilt the right side of the Water Tank and
pull it toward you. Do not hit the Pump
Motor or Float Switch. Slightly twist
the left side of the Water Tank inward
and pull it toward you.
Left Side
Right Side
Fig. 25
54
6)Slide the left side of the Water Tank to
release it from the Bracket Rail, lift down
the entire Water Tank, and pull it toward
you out of the Storage Bin. Do not hit the
other components.
7)Refit the Water Tank in the reverse order
of the removal procedure (left, right, top,
rear).
Bracket Rail
8)Plug in the icemaker or connect the
power source.
Fig. 26
16. CUBE GUIDE
1)Remove the Water Tank (see “15. WATER TANK”).
2)Lift off the Cube Guide out of the Water Tank.
3)To refit the Cube Guide, fit the Notches on both sides to the Stoppers in the Water
Tank.
4)The unit is provided with two or three Cube Guides (quantity varies depending on
model). Be sure to locate the Vertical Flanges on both sides.
Vertical Flange Notch
Cube Guide
Stopper
Fig. 27
55
17. SEPARATOR
1) Unplug the icemaker or disconnect the power source. Remove the Top Panel.
2)Hold both sides of the Separator and lift it up. The Bracket Shaft will shift to the
Notch.
3)Push the Separator toward the Evaporator to release it from the Shaft.
4)Lift down the Separator and pull it toward you.
5)Refit the Separator in the reverse order of the removal procedure. Check that the
Separator is fit correctly on the Shaft and can swing like a pendulum.
6)Plug in the icemaker or connect the power source.
Spray Tube
Spray Guide
Separator
* Move in arrow directions
to remove
Water Supply Tube
Fig. 28
18. SPRAY TUBE, WATER SUPPLY PIPE, SPRAY GUIDE
1) Unplug the icemaker or disconnect the power source. Remove the Top Panel.
2)Push the Tabs on both sides to release the Spray Tube.
3)Remove the end of the Spray Tube from the Bracket.
4)Pinch and lower the Hose Clamp and disconnect the Hose. The Spray Tube is
easily cleanable by removing the black rubber cap on the end.
5)The Water Supply Pipe is located right under the Spray Tube. Remove the Water
Supply Pipe from the Evaporator, pinch and shift the Hose Clamp, and disconnect
the Hose.
56
6)The Spray Guide is located under the Water Supply Pipe. Pull off the Spray Guide
from the Evaporator Plate.
7)Refit the removed parts in the reverse order of the removal procedure. Check for
water leaks.
8)Plug in the icemaker or connect the power source.
19. DOOR
1) Remove the Top Panel.
2)Move the Door to fit the Door Shaft in the inlet of the Door Channel. Slide up the
Door to release it from the Door Channel.
3)Refit the Door in the reverse order of the removal procedure. Do not forget to fit the
Collar on the Door Shaft, or the Door will not open or close smoothly.
Door Channel
Fig. 29
57
VI. CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
IMPORTANT
Ensure all components, fasteners and screws are securely in place after
any maintenance or cleaning is done to the equipment.
1. CLEANING
WARNING
1.Hoshizaki recommends cleaning this unit at least once a year. More
frequent cleaning, however, may be required in some existing water
conditions.
2.To prevent injury to individuals and damage to the icemaker, do not use
ammonia type cleaners.
3.Always wear liquid-proof gloves to prevent the cleaning and sanitizing
solutions from coming into contact with skin.
4.For safety and maximum effectiveness, use cleaning and sanitizing
solutions immediately after dilution.
[a] CLEANING PROCEDURE
1)Dilute 148 ml of recommended cleaner Hoshizaki “Scale Away” or “LIME-A-WAY”
(Economics Laboratory, Inc.) with 3.8 lit. of water.
2)Remove the Air Filter. Remove all ice from the Evaporator and the Storage Bin.
Note: To remove cubes on the Evaporator, move the Control Switch on the Control
Box to the “OFF” position and move it back to the “ICE” position after 3
minutes. The defrost cycle starts and the cubes will be removed from the
Evaporator.
3)Move the Control Switch to the “OFF” position. Open the Door.
4)Disconnect the Silicone Hose to drain the water. See Fig. 22. Reconnect the
Silicone Hose back in its correct position after all of the water has drained.
5)Pour the cleaning solution into the Water Tank. Move the Control Switch to the
“WASH” position. Close the Door.
58
6)After 30 minutes, move the Control Switch to the “OFF” position.
7)Same as step 4.
8) Move the Control Switch to the “ICE” position to fill the Water Tank with water.
9) After 3 minutes, move the Control Switch to the “WASH” position.
10)After 5 minutes, move the Control Switch to the “OFF” position.
11)Same as step 4.
12) Repeat steps 8 through 11 three more times to rinse thoroughly.
13)Disconnect the Silicone Hose and Overflow Pipe. Remove the Water Tank. See “V.
15. WATER TANK” for details.
14)Pull the Cube Guides (quantity varies depending on model) upward to remove them
from the Water Tank. They are snapped in place. See Fig. 30. Refer to “V. 16.
CUBE GUIDE” for details.
Cube Guide
Water Tank
Snap
* This illustration shows KM-30A/
35A. The following number of Cube
Guides are provided:
KM-30A/35A2 pcs
KM-50A3 pcs
KM-75A3 pcs
* The Bin Control Switch is accessible by
removing the Water Tank. Pull the switch
towards you for easy maintenance.
* This is the front view with the Door opened
and the Water Tank removed.
Bin Control Switch
Fig. 30
59
15)Same as step 1.
16)Wash the Bin Control Switch, Water Tank, Float Switch, Cube Guide, Silicone Hose
and Overflow Pipe by using a nylon scouring pad, brushes and the cleaning solution.
In addition to the removed parts, also wash the bin liner and Bracket (L) (R) with the
solution.
17)Discard the cleaning solution and rinse the parts thoroughly with water.
[b] SANITIZING PROCEDURE - Following Cleaning Procedure
1)Dilute approximately 15 ml or 1 tbs of a 5.25% sodium hypochlorite solution (chlorine
bleach) with 3.8 lit. of warm water. Using a chlorine test strip or other method,
confirm that you have a concentration of about 200 ppm.
2)Soak the removed parts from step 16 above in a clean container containing the
sanitizing solution. After allowing the parts to soak for 10 minutes, wash them with
the solution. Also wash the bin liner, Bracket (L) (R) with the solution.
3)Discard the sanitizing solution and rinse the parts thoroughly with water.
4)Replace the removed parts in their correct positions in the reverse order of which
they were removed.
5)Same as step 1.
6)Pour the sanitizing solution into the Water Tank, and allow the sanitizer to sit for 10
minutes.
7)Move the Control Switch to the “WASH” position. Close the Door.
8)After 15 minutes, move the Control Switch to the “OFF” position. Open the Door.
9) Disconnect the Silicone Hose to drain the water. Reconnect the Silicone Hose back
in its correct position after all of the water has drained.
10)Repeat steps 5 through 9 one time. Repeat steps 8 through 11 in the Cleaning
Procedure three times to rinse thoroughly.
11)Flush the Storage Bin with water.
12) Move the Control Switch to the “ICE” position, and start the automatic icemaking
process.
13)Close the Door. Replace the Air Filter in its correct position.
60
2. MAINTENANCE
[a] EXTERIOR PANELS
To prevent corrosion, wipe the exterior occasionally with a clean and soft cloth. Use a
damp cloth containing a neutral cleaner to wipe off all oil or dirt build up.
[b] STORAGE BIN AND SCOOP
*Wash your hands before removing ice. Use the plastic scoop provided (Accessory).
*The Storage Bin is for ice use only. Do not store anything else in the bin.
*Keep the scoop clean. Clean it by using a neutral cleaner and rinse thoroughly.
*Clean the bin liner by using a neutral cleaner. Rinse thoroughly after cleaning.
[c] AIR FILTER
The plastic mesh Air Filter removes dirt or dust from the air, and keeps the Condenser
from getting clogged. As the filter gets clogged, the icemaker’s performance will be
reduced. Check the filter at least twice a month. When it is clogged, use warm water
and a neutral cleaner to wash the filter.
[d] CONDENSER
Check the Condenser once a year, and clean if required by using a brush or vacuum
cleaner. More frequent cleaning may be required depending on the location of the
icemaker.
3. PREPARING THE ICEMAKER FOR LONG STORAGE
IMPORTANT
When shutting off the icemaker for an extended time, drain out all water
from the water lines and remove the ice from the Storage Bin. The Storage
Bin should be cleaned and dried. Drain the icemaker using air or carbon
dioxide to prevent damage to the water supply lines at sub-freezing
temperatures. Shut off the icemaker until the proper ambient temperature
is resumed.
When the icemaker is not used for two or three days, it is sufficient to only move
61
the Control Switch to the “OFF” position, unless the icemaker will be at sub-freezing
temperatures.
[a] Remove the water from the potable water supply line:
1)Remove the Air Filter if it has not already been removed.
2)Move the Control Switch on the Control Box to the “OFF” position.
3)Unplug the icemaker or disconnect the power supply.
4)Close the water supply tap, and remove the Inlet Hose. See Fig. 31.
5)Remove all ice from the Storage Bin, and clean
the Bin.
[b] Drain the potable Water Tank:
1)Turn off the power supply at the breaker box.
2)Move the Control Switch on the Control Box to the “OFF” position.
3)Open the Door. Disconnect the Silicone Hose to drain the water. See Fig. 21.
4)Reconnect the Silicone Hose back in its correct position after all of the water has
drained.
5)Remove all ice from the Storage Bin and clean the Storage Bin.
6)Close the Door.
7)Place the Air Filter in its correct position.
Water Supply Tap
Inlet Hose
Fig. 31
62