12-Month Homeowner’s Maintenance Checklist
Use this checklist to record completion dates of your home maintenance tasks. Regularly scheduled maintenance helps ensure optimum appliance
performance, maximum comfort and fewer unscheduled repairs. The activities suggested are on an annual, semi-annual, quarterly or monthly basis.
Check, replace and recycle dead batteries in fire
alarms, smoke detectors and other CO detectors.
Inspect fire extinguishers.
Replenish hurricane preparedness kit.
Stock first aid kit.
Check/change HVAC filter (pleated filters
are recommended).
Clean condensate drain. Flush with hot watervinegar solution; use bleach for mold clog.
Clean coils on outside unit and inside unit.
Check for water heater tank leaks.
Flush-out water heater and check zinc rod.*
Check water heater temp. (set approx. 125° F).
Check refrigerator (40°) and freezer (5°) temps.
Check for refrigerator seal leaks (dollar bill test*).
Clean refrigerator coils.
Check clothes washer hose for bulges and
Remove lint from inside dryer exhaust hose and
outside damper, check hose for kinks.
Check for flapper valve toilet leak (add food
coloring to tank, check bowl for color*).
Check for leaks in the tub diverter valve.*
Check all faucets for leaks.
Check caulking around windows, doors, fixtures,
Check irrigation system for leaks, clogs and dirty
Check irrigation timer (before 10 a.m. & after 4
p.m., no more than twice a week in summer and
every 7-14 days in winter).
Check rain sensor operation (clean debris and
check battery).
*Described on reverse. Visit the Conservation Center at jea.com for printable copies of this checklist or, e-mail us at conservation@jea.com.
JEA is a not-for-profit community-owned utility.
Flush out water heater…
• Shut off the power/gas and the cold water intake. Open the
temperature (T/P) pressure relief valve.
• Attach a garden hose to the drain valve and run it outside. If a hose won’t
attach, place a large bucket underneath the drain spout.
• Open the drain valve and run water out until no more sediment
comes out.
• Close the T/P relief valve and open the cold water intake valve. Wait 10
minutes for the tank to fill, and then open all hot-water spigots in the
house until they stop sputtering.
...and check zinc rod.*
• With the power/gas off and the cold water intake closed, run a
hot-water faucet for a minute to relieve pressure.
• Locate the hex head of the zinc rod(s) (also known as an anode) on the
top of the water heater tank. It may be exposed, covered by a cap or
attached to the inside of the hot water outlet pipe. Carefully remove the
zinc rod with an 11/16 inch socket wrench so that it does not break off.
• Replace a rod if it is corroded or if wire (6 inches or more)
is exposed.
Check for refrigerator seal leaks (dollar bill test*).
• Insert a dollar bill along the edge of your open refrigerator and close the door. If the dollar bill pulls out easily, you have a
loose seal.
• Tighten a loose rubber seal by blowing hot air from your hair dryer all the way around it.
• If the refrigerator door still does not make a tight seal, consider replacing the door gasket.
Check for flapper valve toilet leak (add food coloring to the tank, check the bowl for color*).
• Put three drops of food coloring in the toilet tank. If the color shows up in the bowl, you have a leak.
• Check if the leak is an overflowing refill valve. Sprinkle talcum or baby powder into the tank; if it floats over the edge of the
refill valve into the bowl, the water level is too high.
• If the refill valve is overflowing, adjust the float arm (at the elbow nut or bend it) so that it is slightly lower. Otherwise the
flapper is leaking. A flapper costs about $5 at hardware and home supply stores. Instructions are printed on the package.
When you replace it, turn off the water to the tank and flush first.
• Don’t put cleaning tablets in the toilet tank. They can corrode the rubber flapper.
Check for leaks in the tub diverter valve.*
• Indications of a tub diverter valve leak include water leaking from behind the
shower wall, difficulty switching water flow from the spout to the spray head
and uneven water pressure.
• For a single-handle (cartridge) and two-handle showers, the spout must be
replaced if you cannot switch flows. If there is water damage or uneven
pressure, then the cartridge must be replaced. Turn off the water supply,
remove the handle and cover plate, unscrew the bonnet nut and replace the
cartridge and rubber O-rings. For the two-handle shower, do the same but
remove both handles and inspect/replace the stem valves and seals.
• For three-handle showers, remove the diverter valve handle and escutcheon.
Unscrew the bonnet nut, remove and clean the stem assembly and replace
worn washers. If it was not leaking, check the hot and cold water handles.
• If the shower is not leaking from a handle, then the pipes may be the source.