WarHorse
MULTI-CIRCUIT FERRORESONANT
BATTERY CHARGERS
Installation and Operating Instructions
Featuring
dv/dt-di/dt Controls
Applied Energy Solutions, LLC.
One Technology Place
Caledonia, New York 14423
(585) 538-4421
www.appliedenergysol.com
The Power of Excellence
FM1251 REV E
1
2
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION
PAGE
1
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
3
2
RECEIPT AND INSPECTION
4
3
INTRODUCTION
4
4
CONTROL FEATURES
4
5
INSTALLATION
6
6
OPERATING PROCEDURE
7
7
CHARGER CABINET
9
8
OPTIONAL FEATURES
10
9
MAINTENANCE
10
10
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
14
11
SCHEMATICS
17
3
1
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
1. SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS. THIS MANUAL CONTAINS IMPORTANT SAFETY AND
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS.
2. WORKING IN THE VICINITY OF A LEAD-ACID BATTERY IS DANGEROUS. BATTERIES
GENERATE EXPLOSIVE GASSES DURING NORMAL BATTERY OPERATION. FOR
THIS REASON IT IS OF THE UTMOST IMPORTANCE THAT EACH TIME BEFORE
USING YOUR CHARGER, YOU READ AND FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS PROVIDED
EXACTLY.
3. TO REDUCE RISK OF BATTERY EXPLOSION, FOLLOW THESE INSTRUCTIONS AND
THOSE ON THE BATTERY.
4. NEVER SMOKE OR ALLOW AN OPEN SPARK OR FLAME IN THE VICINITY OF THE
BATTERY OR ENGINE.
5. USE CHARGER FOR CHARGING A LEAD-ACID BATTERY ONLY. IT IS NOT INTENDED
TO SUPPLY POWER TO AN EXTRA LOW-VOLTAGE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM OR TO
CHARGE DRY-CELL BATTERIES. CHARGING DRY-CELL BATTERIES MAY CAUSE
THEM TO BURST AND CAUSE INJURY TO PERSONS AND DAMAGE TO PROPERTY.
6. NEVER CHARGE A FROZEN BATTERY.
7. DO NOT OPERATE IN A CLOSED-IN AREA OR RESTRICT VENTILATION IN ANY WAY.
8. DANGER: RISK OF ELECTRICAL SHOCK. DO NOT TOUCH UNINSULATED PORTION
OF OUTPUT CONNECTOR OR UNINSULATED BATTERY TERMINAL.
9. CAUTION: DISCONNECT SUPPLY BEFORE CHANGING FUSE.
INSTRUCTIONS IMPORTANTES CONCERNANT LA SECURITE
1. CONSERVER CES INSTRUCTIONS. CE MANUEL CONTIENT DES INSTRUCTIONS
IMPORTANTES CONCERNANT LA SECURITE ET LE FONCTIONNEMENT.
2. IL EST DANGEREUX DE TRAVAILLER A PROXIMITE D'UNE BATTERIE AU PLOMB.
LES BATTERIES PRODUISENT DES GAS EXPLOSIFS EN SERVICE NORMAL. AUSSI
EST-IL IMPORTANT DE TOUJOURS RELIRE LES INSTRUCTIONS AVANT D'UTILISER
LE CHARGEUR ET DE LES SUIVRE A LA LETTRE.
3. POUR REDUIRE LE RISQUE D`EXPLOSION, LIRE CES INSTRUCTIONS ET CELLES
QUI FIGURENT SUR LA BATTERIE.
4. NE JAMAIS FUMER PRES DE LA BATTERIE OU DU MOTEUR ET EVITER TOUTE
ETINCELLE OU FLAMME NUE A PROXIMITE DE CES DERNIERS.
5. UTILISER LE CHARGEUR POUR CHARGER UNE BATTERIE AU PLOMB
UNIQUEMENT. CE CHARGEUR N`EST PAS CONCU POUR ALIMENTER UN RESEAU
ELECTRIQUE TRES BASSE TENSION NI POUR CHARGER DES PILES SECHES. LE
FAIT D`UTILISER LE CHARGEUR POUR CHARGER DES PILES SECHES POURRAIT
ENTRAINER L'ECLATEMENT DES PILES ET CAUSER DES BLESSURES OU DES
COMMAGES.
4
6. NE JAMAIS CHARGER UNE BATTERIE GELEE.
7. NE PAS FAIRE FONCTIONNER LE CHARGEUR DANS UN ESPACE CLOS ET/OU NE
PAS GENER LA VENTILATION.
8. DANGER: RISQUE DE CHOCS ELECTRIQUES. NE PAS TOUCHER LES PARTIES NON
ISOLEES DU CONNECTEUR DE SORTIE OU LES BORNES NON ISOLEES DE
L'ACCUMULATEUR.
9. ATTENTION: COUPER L'ALIMENTATION AVANT DE REMPLACER LES FUSIBLES.
2
RECEIPT AND INSPECTION
Upon receipt of the WarHorse Industrial Battery Charger the information on the shipping carton
should be checked against your order. Any discrepancies should be reported to the nearest
authorized representative.
Whenever possible, move the charger to the installation site before uncrating. All chargers can be
handled with a lift truck by inserting the forks under the bottom of the charger.
Remove the carton and inspect the charger for damage. If there is any damage, save the carton for
inspection and notify the carrier immediately.
Check the nameplate & labels against your order & specifications. Any discrepancies should be
reported immediately to the nearest authorized representative.
3
INTRODUCTION
Warhorse Industrial Battery Chargers are multi-circuit, full wave silicon rectified ferroresonant
chargers. One charger cabinet contains from 2 to 6 (depending on model ordered) independent
chargers with separate controls and isolated outputs.
Charging current is regulated by the ferroresonant transformer(s). The ferroresonant transformers
allow the battery to determine its own charge rate with respect to its state of discharge.
Each control is a custom dv/dt-di/dt termination PCB assembly for flooded lead-acid battery chargers.
A solid state, pre-programmed microcomputer provides total control of charge termination, preventing
both undercharging and overcharging. The microcomputer incorporates built-in fault detection to
ensure correct battery connection and smooth operation. The charge is terminated automatically
when the control determines that the battery is fully charged.
4
CONTROL FEATURES

Automatic five-second delayed start upon connection of a proper sized, good battery.

Battery voltage sensing determines if there is a proper sized battery connected to the charger.
This prevents charging if there is a bad battery connected, no battery connected, bad battery-tocharger connection or battery voltage and charger mismatch.

Battery voltage and current are continuously monitored.

Automatic dv/dt-di/dt charge termination. (Voltage slope detection is current compensated.)

Negative battery slope termination to prevent overcharge/thermal runaway.

5
Automatic 12-hour "REFRESH" adds a top off charge to a fully charged battery. The charger will
start a “refresh” charge 12 hours after a normal charge complete has been reached, assuming
that the battery was not disconnected during that time.

Backup Timers prevent extended charging of a damaged battery. The first timer starts at the
beginning of the charge cycle and runs for 9 hours. If the battery has not reached the 80% point
the charger will shutdown. The second timer starts at the 80% point and runs for 6 hours. If the
charger does not terminate by then it will shutdown.

Automatic Shutdown Lockout will not allow a charge to start after a manual or problem shutdown
occurs. Automatic Shutdown Lockout is cleared after the "Shutdown" battery is disconnected. This
allows a charge to begin upon connection of a proper sized, good battery.

Automatic shutdown occurs for any of five failure conditions:
o Fault code “Lo U” – Low volts per cell – the battery voltage is less than 1.7 vpc. The
charger will not be “locked off”. The charger will automatically start charging when the battery
voltage is greater than 1.7 vpc.
o Fault code “Hi U” – High volts per cell – greater than 2.8 or 2.88 vpc. (Set with 80%
point) o Fault code “dISC” – Battery disconnected from charger during charge.
o Fault code “dur” – Charge time exceeded - backup timer expired.
o Fault code “Lo I” – Low charging current – charging current less than approximately 3 amps.

Manual STOP Switch - Will stop the charger from charging. The display will indicate “OFF” until the
battery is disconnected. When pressed with no battery connected displays the delay start setting.

Selectable 80% voltage. - Normally set to 2.37 VPC. To set to 2.45 VPC, remove R32 from the
control board.

One to nine-hour programmable delayed start thumb wheel switch. This rotary switch can be set
from 0 to 9 hours to delay the start of charge.

Optional Automatic Equalization Cycle every 5 cycle. This option is enabled by removing W1
from the control board. For a charge cycle to be counted, the battery must be on charge at less
than 80% for 1 hour or more from start of charge.

Equalize Switch - This switch when depressed will turn on and off the three-hour additional manual
equalizing charge. When the Equalize function is turned on, an “E” will be displayed in the leftmost
digit of the display. The “E” will flash during the actual equalize charge cycle (manual and automatic).
If Auto-Equalize has been selected, pressing this switch prior to connecting the battery will allow the
number of charge cycles remaining before auto-equalize cycle to be displayed in the format ‘E-#’.

LED Indicators:
o “CHARGING” - charger is charging the battery.
o “80%” - the battery voltage is greater than 2.37 (or 2.45) VPC.
o “CHARGE COMPLETE” - the charge cycle has been terminated
normally. o “SHUTDOWN” - the unit has shut down for a fault.
th
6
AMMETER/TIMER Readout will display the following
information: o Charging current
o Fault codes
o Delay start time
o Equalize mode

5
INSTALLATION
5.1
PHYSICAL LOCATION:
Charging areas should be clean and dry. The temperature of the charging room should be between
32F (0C) and 77F (25C), with occasional and brief periods of ambient temperature as high as
104F (40C). Combustible materials, open flames and smoking should not be permitted in or near
the charging room.
WARNING
A BATTERY ON CHARGE WILL EMIT EXPLOSIVE GAS. VENTILATE THE CHARGING ROOM
TO PREVENT GAS ACCUMULATION.
5.2
MOUNTING:
The WarHorse charger cabinet must be mounted on a surface constructed from non-combustible
material, such as stone, brick, concrete or metal. Mounting holes are provided in the frame for
securing the charger. A minimum 6-inch clearance should be maintained between the cabinet back
and any vertical surface.
5.3
INPUT POWER CONNECTION:
WarHorse chargers are shipped from the factory connected for the input voltage specified on your
purchase order. A "STOP" label, located inside the door, indicates the factory-set input voltage.
WARNING
VERIFY THE AC ELECTRICAL SERVICE IS DISCONNECTED AT THE BREAKER BEFORE
ATTEMPTING TO CONNECT AC POWER TO THE CHARGER.
The AC input terminals are identified by a red-on-white AC INPUT label located near the AC terminal
block. The AC input cable is to be connected to the proper AC INPUT terminals within the charger
cabinet. The input terminals are rated for #14 AWG to #2/0 AWG wire. The recommended torque is
listed on the block itself.
A green grounding wire is to be connected from the Grounding Terminal within the charger cabinet to the
service system ground. The Grounding Terminal is identified by a green-on-white Ground Terminal Label on
the charger front panel. If knockouts in side panel are used, AC input openings in base should be plugged
per National Electric Code. If a system ground is not available, the charger frame must be connected to a
driven ground rod in accordance with National and Local electrical codes. Proper application and tight
terminal connections are important in avoiding future problems. The ground terminal is rated for 14 awg to 2
awg wire. The recommended torque setting is shown in Table 5.1
7
Table 5.1
Wire Gauge
2 – 4 AWG
6 – 10 AWG
12 – 14 AWG
2 AWG
4 – 6 AWG
8 – 14 AWG
Recommended Torque Setting
PANDUIT LAMA2-14Q
50 in lbs
40 in lbs
15 in lbs
T&B ADR-2
125 in lbs
35 in lbs
20 in lbs
The charger is normally furnished with output charge plugs or receptacles. Verify that the connectors
on both the battery and the charger are correct. Verify that when connected, the positive polarity (red)
of the charger is connected to the positive terminal of the battery.
If the charger is to be used at a different AC voltage than presently set for, the charger may be
adjusted to operate for the different AC service. Refer to SECTION 9.2, CHANGING THE AC INPUT
LINE VOLTAGE.
6
OPERATING PROCEDURE
6.1
PRELIMINARY SET-UP:
Once power has been applied to the charger, a "dash" will sequence across the display on the front
panel. This indicates the charger is in the "IDLE MODE" of operation, awaiting a battery connection. A
number under each control corresponds to a like-numbered output cable.
6.2








IMMEDIATE/DELAY START:
The control may be programmed to delay the start of the charge from one to nine hours as well as
an immediate start of the charge upon battery to charger connection. Note: all units are shipped
from the factory set for immediate start (0-hour delay).
If a power failure occurs, no damage will occur to the battery or the charger. If a battery is still
connected when power returns, the control will override any delayed start setting and initialize an
immediate start of the charge. Once the charge has been terminated, the delay start will function
normally thereafter.
Remove AC power from the charger input.
Open the charger cabinet door.
Locate the DELAY START thumb wheel switch behind the front panel at the bottom of the desired
control board. Adjust the DELAY START thumb wheel switch until the NUMBER INDICATOR on
the switch yields the number of delay hours desired.
Close and secure the cabinet door.
Apply AC power to the charger input.
When a good, proper sized battery is connected to the charger, the display will indicate the
amount of time before the charge is initiated and the control will begin a countdown to charge.
8
6.3
CHARGING THE BATTERY:
Compare the number of cells and amp-hour capacity of the battery to be charged with the charger
rating found on the charger nameplate. The number of cells in the battery to be charged MUST match
the nameplate data. The amp-hour ratings should also match for timely charging of the battery. Once
the battery to be charged has been determined to match the charger, then connect the battery to the
charger. The control will measure the average volts/cell of the connected battery.
If the control has verified the connection of a good battery (between 1.7 and 2.8 volts/cell), the display
will show a countdown to charge initialization and the LED’s will be flashing. When the countdown
reaches zero, the control will turn on the charging transformers.
If the average volts/cell reading is less than 1.7 volts, the display shows “Lo U”, the charge will not
begin and the red SHUTDOWN LED will be flashing. If the average volts/cell is greater than 2.8 volts,
the display shows “HI U” and the red SHUTDOWN LED will illuminate. Again, the charge will not
begin. Once the charge begins, the display will show the output charging current in amperes. The
green CHARGING LED will illuminate. The yellow 80% CHARGED LED will illuminate if the average
volts/cell (VPC) of the battery is greater than 2.37 (or 2.45) volts.
6.4
TERMINATION OF CHARGE:
There are three ways in which the charge may be terminated. These three termination methods are:
CHARGE COMPLETED TERMINATION via dv/dt-di/dt slope, MANUAL TERMINATION, and
PROBLEM SHUTDOWN TERMINATION.


CHARGE COMPLETED TERMINATION occurs when a battery reaches full charge. The control
monitors the battery charge characteristics. The controls utilize di/dt current compensation to
obtain an accurate battery voltage charging slope, dv/dt measurement. Once the control has
verified that the battery charge slope has reached the pre-determined value for full charge, the
charge is terminated automatically. Once the charge is completed and terminated, the amber
CHARGE COMPLETE LED will illuminate and the display will be in the IDLE MODE.
MANUAL TERMINATION, while charging, is accomplished by pressing the STOP push-button switch
located on the front panel. When the charge has been terminated due to MANUAL TERMINATION, the
red SHUTDOWN LED will be on continuous (until the battery is removed). The display will show
“OFF”.
To remove a charging battery from the charger, it is important to press the STOP push-button
switch before disconnecting the battery from the charger. Failure to do this may damage the
charger.

PROBLEM SHUTDOWN
Each PROBLEM SHUTDOWN termination is indicated by a flashing red SHUTDOWN LED and a
FAULT code (Section 4). After the battery is removed, the red SHUTDOWN LED will remain flashing
for one hour. The display indicator will remain on until the battery is disconnected from the charger.
Refer to SECTION 4 for a more complete explanation of the diagnostics.
9
6.5
REFRESH CHARGE:
When a battery remains connected to the charger for 12 hours after the charge has been completed,
the control will restart another charge cycle. The charge rate of the battery will be monitored with
dv/dt-di/dt termination occurring typically within 35 minutes. When the charger is in this REFRESH
mode the charge amps will be displayed, the CHARGING LED and 80% CHARGED LED’s will be on
continuos, and the CHARGE COMPLETE LED will be blinking. A two-day weekend will have from
three to five REFRESH cycles.
6.6
THREE HOUR EQUALIZE CYCLE:
th

A 3-hour AUTOMATIC EQUALIZATION cycle will occur every 5 charging cycle when this feature
is enabled. A cycle is counted only if 1 hour or more time is required to reach 80% charged from
charge start. To enable, remove ‘W1’ from the control board assembly.

The Manual Equalize button when pushed will provide a timed three-hour charge extension after
dv/dt-di/dt termination has been reached. It will not reset the Automatic Equalize counter, if AutoEqualize is enabled.
7
CHARGER CABINET
10
8
OPTIONAL FEATURES
8.1
REMOTE CONTROL
To allow for control and indication of charger status when chargers are mounted high on racks, etc., a
remote control box is available for each control and connects via an 8-conductor phone cable to the
jack on the control box and the control board assembly in the charger. The remote box provides the
four LED’s and the STOP and EQUALIZE switches mentioned previously and can be mounted in a
convenient location for the operator.
8.2
50 Hz OPERATION:
Most models of the WarHorse battery charger may be ordered to run on 50 Hz AC input. 60Hz AC
input chargers cannot be reconfigured (reconnected) to operate at 50 Hz.
9
MAINTENANCE
IMPORTANT
BEFORE PERFORMING ANY MAINTENANCE ON THE CHARGER:
A) If a battery is being charged, terminate the charge by pressing the STOP button.
B) Disconnect the battery from the charger.
C) Remove AC power from the charger.
9.1
MONTHLY PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE:
WARNING
HIGH VOLTAGES EXIST WITHIN THE CHARGER, WHICH CAN CAUSE SEVERE INJURY OR
DEATH. SERVICE SHOULD BE PERFORMED ONLY BY QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL.
IMPROPER SERVICING MAY DAMAGE THE CHARGER.







If a battery is being charged, terminate the charge by pressing the STOP button.
Disconnect the battery from the charger.
Remove AC power from the charger.
Using compressed air, remove any dust from the inner cabinet walls and internal components of
the charger.
Wipe the exterior of the cabinet and clear any obstructions from the ventilation louvers.
Make sure that all bolted or screwed electrical connections are tight.
Make sure that the insulation on all cables and wires is in good condition. Replace if necessary.
11
9.2

CHARGER ADJUSTMENTS:
CHANGING THE AC INPUT LINE VOLTAGE:
WarHorse chargers are designed to operate at multiple input voltage levels. The chargers can be
ordered for 208/240/480 volts or 240/480/575 volts, three phase, 60 Hz electric services depending
on the charger model.
If the charger is to be operated on a different rated input voltage than the ordered value, follow the
voltage changeover instructions described below (FIGURES 9.2.1A and 9.2.1B.) or the label inside
the charger door.

VOLTAGE CHANGEOVER INSTRUCTIONS:
o Manually terminate the charging battery by pressing the STOP button and disconnect battery
from charger.
o
Remove AC power from the charger.
o Locate the Terminal Block with Jumpers (one Terminal Block per phase) and the label
describing the various voltage/jumper configurations. (Refer to FIGURE 9.2.1A or B). The
Terminal Block with Jumpers is located on the Ferroresonant Transformer.
o Change the jumpers in accordance with the Jumper label, located within the charger cabinet,
for the voltage input configuration desired.
o Locate the AC fuses and fuse label. Change the fuses to the appropriate value as indicated by
the punched or circled holes on the fuse label.
o Locate the Control transformer. Change the primary input connection in accordance with the
voltage printed on the transformer. (Refer to FIGURE 9.2.2.A or B.)
o Change the voltage level on the STOP label to the new voltage
level. o CHECKLIST:
-
Verify that the Terminal Blocks with Jumpers are configured correctly. Make sure that all
Terminal Blocks with Jumpers have been changed properly.
Verify the installation of properly rated fuses.
Verify that the Control Transformer primary taps have been changed correctly.
Verify that the STOP label, located inside the door, has been corrected to the new input
voltage level that the charger is set for.
o Close and secure the cabinet.
o Connect AC power to the charger.
12
FIGURE 9.2.1A A.C. VOLTAGE SELECTOR BLOCKS
NOTE: For each power transformer there are identical blocks; all MUST be set to the
appropriate voltage.
FIGURE 9.2.1B A.C. VOLTAGE SELECTOR BLOCKS
NOTE: For each power transformer there are identical blocks; all MUST be set to the
appropriate voltage.
FIGURE 9.2.2A
FIGURE 9.2.2B
A.C. VOLTAGE SELECTION ON PRIMARY SIDE OF CONTROL TRANSFORMERS

CHARGING CURRENT START & FINISH RATE ADJUSTMENT:
WARNING
HIGH VOLTAGES EXIST WITHIN THE CHARGER, WHICH CAN CAUSE SEVERE INJURY OR
DEATH. SERVICE SHOULD BE PERFORMED ONLY BY QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL.
IMPROPER SERVICING MAY DAMAGE THE CHARGER.
Each of the Ferroresonant Transformers has multiple taps for the Resonant Capacitor. These allow
the charger output current to be adjusted to accommodate variations in the AC line voltage.
13
Figure 9.2.3 is a schematic representation of the Ferroresonant Transformer Resonant Winding Taps
and the Resonant Capacitor. There are six Resonant Winding Taps numbered 7 through 12. By
connecting the Resonant Capacitor to taps 7 and 12, the charger will be set for maximum output
current. The Resonant Winding can then be reduced in 5% increments down to a maximum reduction
of 30%. The taps to select for a given reduction are shown in Table 9.2.
Each Ferroresonant Transformer is factory set for a nominal charging current start and finish rate of 18%
& 5% respectively of the chargers maximum amp-hour rating. If it is necessary to change the battery
charging current start and finish rate, refer to Table 9.2 and follow the steps 1-7 below.

Manually terminate the charging battery by pressing the STOP button. Disconnect the battery from
the charger.

Remove AC power from the charger.

Locate Resonant Winding Taps 7 through 12 on each of the Ferroresonant Transformers. Note
which taps are connected to the Resonant Capacitor.

Use Table 9.2 to determine which of the taps is to be connected for an increase or decrease in the
charging current rate. Adjustments should be made in 5% increments.

Verify the proper connection of each Ferroresonant Transformer to its respective capacitor. Each
Ferroresonant Transformer should be tapped the same for proper operation.

Close and secure the charger cabinet.

Connect the AC input line to the AC source.
FIGURE 9.2.3 FERRORESONANT TRANSFORMER CAPACITOR WINDING
14
Table 9.2
Resonant Winding Tap Connection For Start/Finish Rate Charging Current Adjustment
Maximum Start/Finish Rate
Minimum Start/Finish Rate
Charging Current
Start/Finish Rate Adjustment
115%
110%
105%
100%
95%
90%
85%%
Ferroresonant Transformer
Tap Connection
7 and 12
8 and 12
9 and 12 or 7 and 11
8 and 11
7 and 10 or 9 and 11
8 and 10
9 and 10
10 TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
This Troubleshooting Guide deals with the WarHorse battery chargers. Each section is further divided
into subsections. Each subsection is titled with a symptom. Locate the symptom your charger is
experiencing and follow the step by step troubleshooting procedure to determine the cause of the
problem.
Each output circuit should be considered as a separate charger. (Refer to circuit diagrams of Section 11.)
SYMPTOM 1 - POWER IS APPLIED BUT THE DISPLAY IS NOT ON!

AC POWER CONNECTION:
Make sure the AC input line, located at the AC INPUT BLOCK is connected to the AC power outlet.
Measure the voltage and verify that AC power is at the charger.

CONTROL TRANSFORMER:
Locate the Control Transformer. Measure the AC input voltage at the Control Transformer primary. If
there is no voltage measured, repair open circuit.
Measure the Control Transformer secondary voltage across terminals 5 and 7. The AC voltage should
be approximately (18 to 20) volts rms. If no voltage is measured, then the Control Transformer is
defective and should be replaced. If the measured voltage is extremely high or low, verify that the AC
line input is connected to the proper terminals of the Control Transformer. (Refer to SECTION 9,
CHANGING THE AC INPUT LINE VOLTAGE.)

MAIN BOARD AND CELL SELECT BOARD CONNECTIONS:
Locate the Main board and Cell Select board. Verify the proper connection and polarity of the board
and cables.

MAIN BOARD:
If there is the appropriate voltage level across the Control Transformer, disconnect AC power then
reapply AC power. This action will reset the Micro controller.
15
SYMPTOM 2 - POWER IS APPLIED; DISPLAY IS IN IDLE MODE BUT CHARGER WILL NOT START,
OR CHARGE STARTS BUT IS TERMINATED
IMMEDIATELY!

PROPER BATTERY:
Verify that the number of cells of the battery to be charged matches the charger.
 GOOD BATTERY:
Measure the total battery voltage. Divide the voltage value measured by the number of battery cells.
This will yield the average volts per cell value. If the average volts per cell value is less than 1.7 volts
or greater than 2.8 volts, then the battery is bad and should not be used.
 AC & DC FUSES:
o Disconnect the battery and AC input power from the charger. Verify that the fuses are not
open. Replace any defective fuses and check the following:
o Make sure that the battery-to-charger connector cables connect the battery to the charger with
the proper polarity.Verify that the Terminal Block with Jumpers is correctly configured for the
AC input voltage currently being used. If the jumpers are not correctly configured, then go to
SECTION 9 of this manual, CHANGING AC INPUT LINE VOLTAGES.
o Verify that AC power and battery have been disconnected from the charger. Locate the rectifier
diodes on the heatsink. Remove the connecting wires from the diodes. Test the diodes and
replace if faulty.
o Make sure all connections are tight.
 CONTROL TRANSFORMER:
Apply AC power to the charger and measure the AC voltage across the Control Transformer
secondary terminals 8 and 9. The secondary voltage should be approximately 24 volts rms. If there is
no voltage measured at the secondary, the Control Transformer is defective and should be replaced.
If the voltage measured is extremely high or low, verify that the AC input is connected to the proper
Control Transformer terminals.
SYMPTOM 3 - CHARGE TERMINATES EARLY
 HIGH VOLTS/CELL:
If this indicator is on, then the Control measured the average volts/cell to be greater than 2.8 volts.
o Verify that the Battery connected to the charger has the correct number of cells.
o If the battery has the appropriate number of cells, measure the battery voltage. Divide the
measured voltage value by the number of battery cells. This value is the average volts per
cell of the battery. If the average volts per cell of the battery is between 1.7 and 2.8 volts/cell,
then the battery is good.
16
 LOW CURRENT:
If this indicator is on, the battery on charge was not receiving current.
o Disconnect the battery and AC input power from the charger.
o Check the AC and DC Fuses. Verify that the fuses are not open. Replace any faulty fuses.
o Verify that the Magnetic Amplifier is not an open circuit. Check for continuity between the
Magnetic Amplifier and Cell Select Board. Repair any bad connections. Replace the Magnetic
Amplifier if faulty.
o Verify that the AC Resonant Capacitor is not an open circuit. Replace the Capacitor if defective.
 CHARGE TIME EXCEEDED:
This indicates that the battery did not reach 80% of full charge within nine hours or that the battery did
not charge from 80% charged to full charge within six hours.
o Disconnect the battery and AC input power from the charger. Verify that the AC and DC Fuses
are not open. Replace any defective fuses.
o Verify that the charger and battery AMP-HR size are matched.
 CABLE DISCONNECTION:
The CABLE DISCONNECTION indicator will be on whenever the battery-to-charger charging cable is
disconnected while the battery is charging. Always make sure to manually shutdown (press the stop
button) the charge before disconnecting the cables.
 LOW VOLTAGE:
Having a flashing red SHUTDOWN LED with “Lo U” displayed indicates that the control measured the
average volts/cell to be less than 1.7 volts. The LOW VOLTAGE condition does not “lock” the charger off
since the charger will automatically start charging if the battery’s voltage rises about 1.7 volts per cell.
Follow the troubleshooting procedure for High Volts/Cell.
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11 SCHEMATICS
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CHARGER WARRANTY
APPLIED ENERGY SOLUTIONS warrants that each new and unused battery charger manufactured and supplied with good
workmanship is free from any known mechanical defect, provided that (A) the product is installed and operated in accordance
with the accepted industrial standards and in accordance with the printed instructions furnished by APPLIED ENERGY
SOLUTIONS, (B) the product is used under normal conditions for which designed, (C) the product is not used in a corrosive,
abnormally dusty or high humidity moisture condensing environment, and (D) the product is not subjected to misuse or
negligence, and the product receives proper care, protection and maintenance under supervision of competent personnel.
Warranty Terms and Conditions
(1)
APPLIED ENERGY SOLUTIONS WarHorse Industrial Battery Chargers are warranted for 3 Years (10 years on power
(2)
transformers and diodes) , which begins on the date of shipment from APPLIED ENERGY SOLUTIONS.
(1)
(2)
NOTES: Warranty covers parts and labor, Warranty covers parts only
AC fuses and DC fuses are note warranted unless they are found to be defective prior to use.
NON-TRANSFERABLE WARRANTY. This warranty is extended by APPLIED ENERGY SOLUTIONS only to the original user
(purchaser) of new equipment from APPLIED ENERGY SOLUTIONS or one of its authorized agents. The product purchased
under this agreement shall be used exclusively by the buyer. There shall be no third party beneficiary of this warranty.
REPAIR LIMITATIONS. APPLIED ENERGY SOLUTIONS has the right to site inspection and judgment of the claimed defects
in any product covered by this warranty. APPLIED ENERGY SOLUTIONS’ liability is limited to the repair of any defects found
to exist by APPLIED ENERGY SOLUTIONS or, at APPLIED ENERGY SOLUTIONS’ option, the replacement of the defective
product.
APPLIED ENERGY SOLUTIONS and its authorized agents shall not be liable for direct or indirect damages in excess of such
repair or replacement. In no event shall the purchaser be entitled to recover for contingent expenses from, but not limited to,
telephone calls, telegrams, travel expenses, lodging, duties and taxes, labor, rental or replacement equipment, loss of business or
profit or other commercial losses.
Warranty Terms and Conditions, Continued
CONTINUED USE OF DEFECTIVE PRODUCTS. The continued use of an APPLIED ENERGY SOLUTIONS Industrial Battery
Charger that is known to be defective VOIDS ALL WARRANTIES.
REPAIR OF MODIFIED EQUIPMENT. Except as authorized in writing the warranty specified does not cover any equipment that
has been repaired by any party other than APPLIED ENERGY SOLUTIONS or its authorized agents. Except as authorized in
writing the warranty specified does not cover any equipment that has been modified, mechanically or electrically, by any party
other than APPLIED ENERGY SOLUTIONS.
WARRANTY EXPENSE LIMITATIONS. APPLIED ENERGY SOLUTIONS will limit the warranty expense of all chargers to be
paid at a maximum of the original purchase price of the charger.
The provisions of this warranty shall not apply to product in use outside of the continental USA.
Except as stated above, all other warranties and conditions, either expressed or implied, including implied warranties of
merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, are excluded and buyer assumes all risk and liability resulting from the use of
the goods. APPLIED ENERGY SOLUTIONS neither assumes or authorizes any persons to assume for APPLIED ENERGY
SOLUTIONS any other liability in connection with the sale or use of the goods sold and there are no oral agreements or
warranties collateral to or affecting this written warranty.
When installing, servicing or operating these products, safe practices should be used by skilled and qualified technical persons.