2017-2018 Grundy County Farm Bureau Agriculture in the

Grundy County Farm Bureau
Agriculture in the Classroom
Soybean Lesson Booklet
For more information contact:
Grundy County Farm Bureau
Ann Collet, Ag Literacy Coordinator
4000 N. Division, Morris, IL 60450
Acre: ( ey-ker) A unit of measure. We measure our farms by acres. The average size farm in Grundy County is
423 acres. One acre is about the size of a football field.
Crop rotation: (crop ro tay-shn) Changing the crop grown in a field. This benefits all crops used in the
rotation by providing different hosts for pests and using and adding different nutrients
to the soil.
Edamame: (ed-ah-mah-may) Immature soybeans prepared in their pods for human consumption.
Export: (ek-spawrt) To sell products to another country.
Import: (im-pawrt) To buy products from another country.
Lecithin: (less ih thin) A substance made from soybean oil, which is used as an ingredient in many baked
goods, dairy products and instant foods as well as medicines, cosmetics, paints, inks, rubber and
plastics. Lecithin prevents ingredients mixed together from separating before the product is used.
For example, soy lecithin in a Hershey’s chocolate bar keeps the chocolate and cocoa butter
mixed together so the candy bar doesn’t become oily.
Legume: (leg-yoom) A family of plants that grow pods. The fruit of the legume is a pod and the roots of have
nodules. The legume family includes soybeans, peas, peanuts, beans, clover and alfafla.
Nitrogen: (nahy-truh-juhn) An essential element for all living things. Plants require nitrogen to grow their
roots, stalks and vines. Grain crops need a constant supply of nitrogen to produce good
Nodule: (noj- ool) A small growth, which develops on the roots of legumes containing bacteria able to
convert nitrogen from the air in the soil to a form of nitrogen plants need for food. This new form
of nitrogen is released back into the soil and will be available to growing crops.
Nutrient: (noo-tree-uhnt) A substance necessary for organisms to grow and live. People receive their
nutrients by eating a variety of foods each day. Plants absorb nutrients through the roots from
water and soil.
Protein: (proh-, teen) A nutrient people and animals need for growth and maintenance. Proteins are important
for strong muscles. Whole soybeans are 40 % protein. The quality of soy protein is equal to the
protein we usually get from meat, fish and poultry.
Soybean: (soi-been) A member of the legume family. The soybeans produced in the pods of the plant are also
the seeds. Soybeans are rich in protein, vitamins and minerals.
Tofu: (toh-foo)
A soft, cheese-like food product made from whole soybeans also called soybean curd.
Tofu does not have much taste by itself, but takes on the taste of the seasoning in any recipe it is
used in.
The Story of Soybeans
The story of soybeans begins over 3,000 years ago in the country of ___________________. The first
soybeans were brown seeds from a wild vine.
By 1100 BC, the Chinese farmers had developed a soybean plant that could grow straight up and produce large protein-rich beans. From the ____________________, the Chinese people made bean sprouts,
soymilk, soy flour and bean curd, called tofu. Tofu became an important food in the Chinese monasteries.
It was the monks who introduced _____________to Japan.
From Japan soybeans were brought to ____________________ where they were used to make cooking
oil, hand soaps and cattle feed. _____________________, a British seaman, grew the first soybeans in
North America. At first, farmers grew soybeans only for feed. They harvested the whole plant, let it dry and
fed it to livestock.
By the late 1820’s, U.S. farmers were raising a variety of soybeans for soy sauce.
_____________________ first planted soybeans in Illinois near Alton in 1851. During the Civil War, soldiers used soybeans as “coffee berries” to brew “coffee” when real coffee was scarce.
In the 1900’s, three men recognized the importance
of soybeans. In 1904, the chemist and inventor
____________________________ discovered that
the soybean was a great source of protein and oil.
Following World War I, _____________________
began a campaign to convince farmers to grow more
soybeans for food and feed uses.
In the 1940’s, _____________________, a pioneer automaker, also grew soybeans. Ford produced
_____________________ and _____________________ from soybean oil. From soybean meal he made horn
buttons, instrument knobs, window trim and gas pedals. He also made a suit, __________________, tie and
hat from a soybean fabric.
A.E. Staley
Samuel Bowen
George Washington Carver
Henry Ford
John H.Lea
The Life of A Soybean
In the late spring, farmers grow soybeans by planting the small soybean seeds. During the summer the soybean
plant produces ________________. The purpose of the flowers is to produce ____________________ called
__________________. They contain 2-4 pea-sized ____________________. These seeds can be used to grow
other soybean plants. Each soybean plant can produce 60-80 pods.
During the growing season, the soybeans need water, sunshine and nutrients from the soil to grow healthy and strong.
Soybeans are grown in 30 states. _________________ is
one of the top producers. In the ________________, the pods
turn brown and the soybeans are harvested. On one acre of farmland, a farmer could grow 50 bushels of soybeans. A bushel of
soybeans weighs 60 pounds
Soybeans belong to the family of plants called ______________________. Other members of the legume family are ______________________, _______________________, and ______________________.
Soybeans are low in calories and contain no cholesterol. They are rich in vitamins, minerals and protein.
Soybeans contain protein equal in quality to the protein we get from eating meat, fish and poultry.
___________________ helps your body to grow.
Soybeans are used to make flour and a milk-like dairy replacement drink. These are especially important to people who are allergic to wheat flour or cow’s milk. Soybeans are very easy to digest and are used
to make many ____________________.
Once the soybeans leave the farm, they are taken to a_____________________________ where the
hulls are removed. Next, the insides of the beans are flattened into flakes for easier removal of the oil. Soybean oil is used to make many foods including_____________________, mayonnaise and candy. Soybean oil
is also used to make industrial products like paint, plastics, insecticides, soap, __________________________
and fuels.
In addition to oil, each soybean contains meal. Most of the soybean meal is used to make
___________________________. There is probably some soybean meal in the pet food your dog, cat or fish
eats, too!
Animal feed
Baby foods
Lima beans
Processing plant
Printing ink
A typical bushel of soybeans weighs 60 pounds
12 pounds of oil can be extracted
for use in food products such as
cooking oils, mayonnaise, margarine, salad dressings and shortening; or for industrial uses such as
disinfectants, insecticides, linoleum, electrical insulation, soap,
wall board, ink, soy diesel, building
materials and crayons.
48 pounds of meal can be used to
feed livestock and pets; or further
refined into baby food, cereals, soy
milk and meat substitutes. Industrial
uses of meal include fertilizer, particleboard, texture paint and construction cements.
2016 U.S. soybean crop:
4,310,000,000 bushels
2016 Illinois soybean crop:
592,950,000 bushels
2016 Grundy County soybean crop:
2016 Will County soybean crop:
5,416,000 bushels
5,754,000 bushels
Parts of a Soybean Seed
Complete the dot to dot to find out what animal eats the most soybean meal as feed in
Illinois. Write that animal here:______________________________________
Divide the pie chart above into the animals that use Illinois soybean meal for feed using these numbers:
Swine 70%
Poultry 14%
Other Animals 1%
Beef 9%
It’s a Global Economy
Import: to bring products into a country from another country.
Export: to sell products to another country.
The United States imports many products including cocoa, cinnamon, vanilla, olive oil, wool, coffee,
various fruits, rubber, sugar, tea, machinery, cars and clothing. Products that grow in the U.S. during a specific
growing season, but not all year, are often imported during the off-season. This primarily includes certain
fresh fruits and vegetables. Occasionally, an agricultural product, such as sugar, will be imported to the United
States in its raw form, then processed and packaged in America.
A few of the products the U.S. exports are beef, pork, soybeans, soy products, wheat and other grains.
We are able to export these products because they can be grown, raised or produced in the United States and
we grow more than we need. The top ten countries we export to are China, Mexico, the European Union, Indonesia, Taiwan, Egypt, Turkey, South Korea and Syria.
Importing provides the United States with the goods we need and want that are not produced here.
Exporting provides other countries with American goods. Trade and marketing are very important to American agriculture. U.S. farmers grow much of the food that feeds the world. Sales of U.S. commodities to many
countries around the world help make America the largest exporter of agricultural products in the world.
Sales of processed and packaged foods to other countries from the U.S. are increasing each year. Frozen vegetables and boxed cereals, processed and packaged in the U.S., can now be found in supermarkets around the
What about Soybeans?
In recent years, people in many other parts of the world have become interested in soybeans because
they are high in protein. They have great potential as a food source for the growing human population. Until
World War II, China was the leading exporter of soybeans to other countries. However, postwar problems
prevented them from producing and selling soybeans. The world needed a new supplier. The American
farmer became this supplier. Today, soybeans are the American farmers’ largest export crop.
Top Soybean Exporters, 2016
Top Soybean Importers, 2016
Soybeans exported, in Bu.
United States
Bu. Imported
For example, Brazil is the number 1 exporter, so in South America, you
would put an E1.
Soybeans completed their journey to Illinois ! Draw a line to Illinois to finish their
Soybeans first arrived in North America in Georgia. Draw a line to Georgia and put a
small circle there.
The next stop on soybeans’ journey was where? Draw a line and put a small box there.
Soybeans first traveled to what country? Draw a line there and put a triangle.
Put an E and the number of their rank on the top soybean exporters on
the map.
Put an I and the number of their rank on those countries on your map.
Where were soybeans discovered? Draw a star on your map there.
Using the carts on the previous page,:
Astro Turf is known worldwide for providing athletes of all skill sets with a place to play the sports they love. What might not be so well
known is that soybean oils are used to create the playing surface and replace petroleum oils. The soybean oils used help the surface
stand up to cleats, water and the frequent use of the playing field.
Paintball is a popular sport involving shooting your opponents with little balls filled with
paint. It's also a sport that uses soybean oil
to create the ammunition. The use of soybean oil to make the paint inside the balls
environmentally friendly while keeping a
similar shape and flight compared to paintballs made with other oils.
Soy candles are made from soy wax, which is made from soybean oil. Some benefits to soy candles over traditional paraffin wax candles include a cleaner burn, the ability to burn for between 30% and 50% longer than regular candles and produce a stronger scent.
Soy candles are also biodegradable, making them environmentally friendly.
After staining a deck, table or other piece of
wood, chances are you've done so using soybeans. Soy lecithin is a key ingredient in wood
stains for its preservation materials. It helps keep
pigments dispersed in paints to prevent agglomeration (collecting in a mass). Many soy-based
wood stains are able to add a color and depth to
wood surfaces that outperforms traditional wood
Soybeans, specifically soybean oil is a key component to making crayons. Soy crayons are easier to use as they glide smoother and
don't flake. The colors created using the soybean oils are brighter, are less toxic to children and are entirely biodegradable. The Wisconsin Soybean Association estimates that one acre of soybeans can produce about 82,368 crayons!
Credit: Farms.com 10 Things Made With Soybeans
Because it's better for the environment, more economically viable and can last longer than traditional
fluids, soy-based hydraulic fluids have become a
mainstay in hydraulic machinery. Hydraulic fluids
made from soybeans are also safer than traditional
oils. Soy-based products have a fire point of around
610°F compared to 392°F for traditional oils. Soybased hydraulic have become so popular that even
the elevator inside the Statue of Liberty runs on it.
Pick up a newspaper and a pen and while the two look drastically different, their inks make them quite similar. Soy-based
inks are used by almost 90% of American newspapers because its more environmentally friendly. For example, newspapers
that use soy inks are easier to recycle because the ink can be removed in an easier and more timely manner. In other ink
applications, soy-based inks are able to produce higher quality and more accurate colors.
Sometimes after a meal, a piece of chewing gum can be the perfect
way to freshen your breath. Look on the back of the package and
chances are soy lecithin is one of the ingredients listed. Soy lecithin's
uses in gum including acting as a preservative to help increase shelf
life, help keep the gum's coating from sticking to the package and
even the gum's hard outer shell is made from soy lecithin.
Walk by a construction site where new homes are being built and you'll eventually see spray foam insulation throughout the
frame of the house. Soy is becoming increasingly popular as an ingredient in spray foam insulation for many reasons including its ability to block drafts and sound, lower heating and cooling costs, resistance to mold and mildew, and ability to limit
pollen, dust and other allergens from entering the home.
As winter approaches and the temperature inches closer to zero and below, there's nothing quite like curling up by a fire.
When purchasing a log for the fire, you'll be surprised to find that soy plays an integral part in the log's usage. FarmedFuels
developed a fire log called SwitchFire, made up of 50% soy. The soy wax causes the log to burn cleaner which reduces levels of residue, and makes the log burn slower. The slow burn helps keep the house warmer for longer periods of time.
Credit: Farms.com 10 Things Made With Soybeans