Homework Practice Workbook To the Student This Homework Practice Workbook gives you additional problems for the concept exercises in each lesson. The exercises are designed to aid your study of mathematics by reinforcing important mathematical skills needed to succeed in the everyday world. The materials are organized by chapter and lesson, with one Practice worksheet for every lesson in Glencoe Algebra 1. To the Teacher These worksheets are the same ones found in the Chapter Resource Masters for Glencoe Algebra 1. The answers to these worksheets are available at the end of each Chapter Resource Masters booklet. Copyright © by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without prior written permission of the publisher. Send all inquiries to: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 8787 Orion Place Columbus, OH 43240 ISBN 13: 978-0-07-890836-1 ISBN 10: 0-07-890836-1 Printed in the United States of America 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 047 14 13 12 11 10 09 08 Homework Practice Workbook, Algebra 1 Contents Lesson/Title 1-1 1-2 1-3 1-4 1-5 1-6 1-7 1-8 Page Lesson/Title Variables and Expressions ....................... 1 Order of Operations .................................. 3 Properties of Numbers.............................. 5 The Distributive Property .......................... 7 Equations .................................................. 9 Relations ................................................. 11 Functions ................................................ 13 Logical Reasoning and Counterexamples.................................... 15 6-1 Graphing Systems of Equations ............. 73 6-2 Substitution ............................................. 75 6-3 Elimination Using Addition and Subtraction.............................................. 77 6-4 Elimination Using Multiplication .............. 79 6-5 Applying Systems of Linear Equations ................................................ 81 6-6 Organizing Dada Using Matrices ............ 83 6-7 Using Matrices to Solve Systems of Equations ............................. 85 6-8 Systems of Inequalities........................... 87 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 2-1 Writing Equations ................................... 17 2-2 Solving One-Step Equations .................. 19 2-3 Solving Multi-Step Equations.................. 21 2-4 Solving Equations with the Variable on Each Side .......................................... 23 2-5 Solving Equations Involving Absolute Value ....................................... 25 2-6 Ratios and Proportions ........................... 27 2-7 Percent of Change.................................. 29 2-8 Literal Equations and Dimensional Analysis ............................. 31 2-9 Weighted Averages ................................ 33 7-1 7-2 7-3 7-4 7-5 Multiplying Monomials ............................ 89 Dividing Monomials ................................ 91 Scientific Notation ................................... 93 Polynomials ............................................ 95 Adding and Subtracting Polynomials ............................................ 97 7-6 Multiplying a Polynomial by a Monomial ................................................ 99 7-7 Multiplying Polynomials ........................ 100 7-8 Special Products ................................... 101 3-1 Graphing Linear Relations ...................... 35 3-2 Solving Linear Equations by Graphing ............................................ 37 3-3 Rate of Change and Slope ..................... 39 3-4 Direct Variation ....................................... 41 3-5 Arithmetic Sequences as Linear Functions ..................................... 43 3-6 Proportional and Nonproportional Relationships .......................................... 45 4-1 4-2 4-3 4-4 4-5 4-6 4-7 5-1 5-2 5-3 5-4 5-5 5-6 Page 8-1 Monomials and Factoring ..................... 103 8-2 Using the Distributive Property ............. 105 8-3 Quadratic Equations: x2 + bx + c = 0.................................... 107 8-4 Quadratic Equations: ax2 + bx + c = 0.................................. 109 8-5 Quadratic Equations: Differences of Squares ......................... 111 8-6 Quadratic Equations: Perfects Squares ................................................ 113 Graphing Equations in Slope-Intercept Form ....................................................... 47 Writing Equations in Slope-Intercept Form ....................................................... 49 Writing Equations in Point-Slope Form ....................................................... 51 Parallel and Perpendicular Lines ............ 53 Scatter Plots and Lines of Fit ........................................................ 55 Regression and Median-Fit Lines ........... 57 Special Functions ................................... 59 9-1 9-2 9-3 9-4 9-5 9-6 9-7 9-8 Solving Inequalities by Addition and Subtraction.............................................. 61 Solving Inequalities by Multiplication and Division ............................................ 63 Solving Multi-Step Inequalities ............... 65 Solving Compound Inequalities .............. 67 Inequalities Involving Absolute Value....................................................... 69 Graphing Inequalities in Two Variables ................................................. 71 9-9 iii Graphing Quadratic Functions.............. 115 Solving Quadratic Equations by Graphing ............................................... 117 Transformations of Quadratic Functions .............................................. 119 Solving Quadratic Equations by Completing the Square ......................... 121 Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula ............... 123 Exponential Functions .......................... 125 Growth and Decay ................................ 127 Geometric Sequences as Exponential Functions .......................... 129 Analyzing Functions with Successive Differences and Ratios ......................... 131 Lesson/Title Page Lesson/Title 10-1 Square Root Functions ....................... 133 10-2 Simplifying Radical Expressions......... 135 10-3 Operations with Radical Expressions ........................................ 137 10-4 Radical Equations ............................... 139 10-5 The Pythagorean Theorem................. 141 10-5 The Distance and Midpoint Formulas ............................................. 143 10-7 Similar Triangles ................................. 145 10-8 Trigonometric Ratios .......................... 147 11-1 11-2 11-3 11-4 Page 11-5 Dividing Polynomials .......................... 157 11-6 Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions ........................................ 159 11-7 Mixed Expressions and Complex Fractions ............................................. 161 11-8 Rational Equations and Functions ............................................ 163 12-1 12-2 12-3 12-4 12-5 12-6 12-7 Inverse Variation ................................. 149 Rational Functions .............................. 151 Simplifying Rational Expressions ....... 153 Multiplying and Dividing Rational Expressions .......................... 155 iv Designing a Survey ............................ 165 Analyzing Survey Results ................... 167 Statistics and Parameters................... 169 Permutations and Combinations ........ 171 Probability of Compound Events ........ 173 Probability Distributions ...................... 175 Probability Simulations ....................... 177 NAME 1-1 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Variables and Expressions Write a verbal expression for each algebraic expression. 1. 9a2 2. 52 3. c + 2d 4. 4 - 5h 5. 2b2 6. 7x3 - 1 7. p4 + 6r 8. 3n2 - x Write an algebraic expression for each verbal expression. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 9. the sum of a number and 10 10. 15 less than k 11. the product of 18 and q 12. 6 more than twice m 13. 8 increased by three times a number 14. the difference of 17 and 5 times a number 15. the product of 2 and the second power of y 16. 9 less than g to the fourth power Chapter 1 1 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 1-1 DATE PERIOD Practice Variables and Expressions Write a verbal expression for each algebraic expression. 1. 23f 2. 73 3. 5m2 + 2 4. 4d3 - 10 5. x3 ․ y4 6. b2 - 3c3 5 2 k 7. − 4n 8. − 7 6 Write an algebraic expression for each verbal expression. 9. the difference of 10 and u 10. the sum of 18 and a number 12. 74 increased by 3 times y 13. 15 decreased by twice a number 14. 91 more than the square of a number 15. three fourths the square of b 16. two fifths the cube of a number 17. BOOKS A used bookstore sells paperback fiction books in excellent condition for $2.50 and in fair condition for $0.50. Write an expression for the cost of buying x excellent-condition paperbacks and f fair-condition paperbacks. 18. GEOMETRY The surface area of the side of a right cylinder can be found by multiplying twice the number π by the radius times the height. If a circular cylinder has radius r and height h, write an expression that represents the surface area of its side. Chapter 1 2 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 11. the product of 33 and j NAME 1-2 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Order of Operations Evaluate each expression. 1. 82 2. 34 3. 53 4. 33 5. (5 + 4) 7 6. (9 - 2) 3 7. 4 + 6 3 8. 12 + 2 2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 9. (3 + 5) 5 + 1 10. 9 + 4(3 + 1) 11. 30 - 5 4 + 2 12. 10 + 2 6 + 4 13. 14 ÷ 7 5 - 32 14. 4[30 - (10 - 2) 3] 15. 5 + [30 - (6 - 1)2] 16. 2[12 + (5 - 2)2] Evaluate each expression if x = 6, y = 8, and z = 3. 17. xy + z 18. yz - x 19. 2x + 3y - z 20. 2(x + z) - y 21. 5z + ( y - x) 22. 5x - ( y + 2z) 23. x2 + y2 - 10z 24. z3 + ( y2 - 4x) y + xz 2 3y + x2 25. − 26. − z Chapter 1 3 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 1-2 PERIOD Practice Order of Operations Evaluate each expression. 1. 112 2. 83 3. 54 4. (15 - 5) ․ 2 5. 9 ․ (3 + 4) 6. 5 + 7 ․ 4 7. 4(3 + 5) - 5 ․ 4 8. 22 ÷ 11 ․ 9 - 32 9. 62 + 3 ․ 7 - 9 10. 3[10 - (27 ÷ 9)] 11. 2[52 + (36 ÷ 6)] 2 ․ 4 - 5 ․ 42 13. 5− 14. − 2 5(4) 12. 162 ÷ [6(7 - 4)2] (2 ․ 5)2 + 4 3 -5 7 + 32 4 ·2 15. − 2 Evaluate each expression if a = 12, b = 9, and c = 4. 16. a2 + b - c2 17. b2 + 2a - c2 18. 2c(a + b) 19. 4a + 2b - c2 20. (a2 ÷ 4b) + c 21. c2 · (2b - a) bc2 + a 2c3 - ab 23. − 24. 2(a - b)2 - 5c b2 - 2c2 25. − 4 a+c-b 26. CAR RENTAL Ann Carlyle is planning a business trip for which she needs to rent a car. The car rental company charges $36 per day plus $0.50 per mile over 100 miles. Suppose Ms. Carlyle rents the car for 5 days and drives 180 miles. a. Write an expression for how much it will cost Ms. Carlyle to rent the car. b. Evaluate the expression to determine how much Ms. Carlyle must pay the car rental company. 27. GEOMETRY The length of a rectangle is 3n + 2 and its width is n - 1. The perimeter of the rectangle is twice the sum of its length and its width. a. Write an expression that represents the perimeter of the rectangle. b. Find the perimeter of the rectangle when n = 4 inches. Chapter 1 4 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 22. − c NAME 1-3 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Properties of Numbers Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Evaluate each expression. Name the property used in each step. 1. 7(16 ÷ 42) 2. 2[5 - (15 ÷ 3)] 3. 4 - 3[7 - (2 ․ 3)] 4. 4[8 - (4 ․ 2)] + 1 5. 6 + 9[10 - 2(2 + 3)] 1 6. 2(6 ÷ 3 - 1) ․ − 7. 16 + 8 + 14 + 12 8. 36 + 23 + 14 + 7 2 9. 5 ․ 3 ․ 4 ․ 3 Chapter 1 10. 2 ․ 4 ․ 5 ․ 3 5 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 1-3 DATE PERIOD Practice Properties of Numbers Evaluate each expression. Name the property used in each step. 1. 2 + 6(9 - 32) - 2 1 2. 5(14 - 39 ÷ 3) + 4 ․ − 4 Evaluate each expression using properties of numbers. Name the property used in each step. 4. 6 ․ 0.7 ․ 5 3. 13 + 23 + 12 + 7 $8.00 each for three bracelets and sold each of them for $9.00. a. Write an expression that represents the profit Althea made. b. Evaluate the expression. Name the property used in each step. 6. SCHOOL SUPPLIES Kristen purchased two binders that cost $1.25 each, two binders that cost $4.75 each, two packages of paper that cost $1.50 per package, four blue pens that cost $1.15 each, and four pencils that cost $.35 each. a. Write an expression to represent the total cost of supplies before tax. b. What was the total cost of supplies before tax? Chapter 1 6 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 5. SALES Althea paid $5.00 each for two bracelets and later sold each for $15.00. She paid NAME 1-4 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice The Distributive Property Use the Distributive Property to rewrite each expression. Then evaluate. 1. 4(3 + 5) 2. 2(6 + 10) 3. 5(7 - 4) 4. (6 - 2)8 5. 5 ․ 89 6. 9 ․ 99 7. 15 ․ 104 1 8. 15 2 − ( 3) Use the Distributive Property to rewrite each expression. Then evaluate. 9. (a + 7)2 11. 3(m + n) 10. 7(h - 10) 12. 2(x - y + 1) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Simplify each expression. If not possible, write simplified. 13. 2x + 8x 14. 17g + g 15. 2x2 + 6x2 16. 7a2 - 2a2 17. 3y2 - 2y 18. 2(n + 2n) 19. 4(2b - b) 20. 3q2 + q - q2 Write an algebraic expression for each verbal expression. Then simplify, indicating the properties used. 21. The product of 9 and t squared, increased by the sum of the square of t and 2 22. 3 times the sum of r and d squared minus 2 times the sum of r and d squared Chapter 1 7 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 1-4 DATE PERIOD Practice The Distributive Property Use the Distributive Property to rewrite each expression. Then evaluate. 1. 9(7 + 8) 2. 7(6 - 4) 3. (4 + 6)11 4. 9 ․ 499 5. 7 ․ 110 1 6. 16 4 − ( 4) Use the Distributive property to rewrite each expression. Then simplify. 7. (9 - p)3 10. 16(3b - 0.25) 1 ) 9. 15( f + − 8. (5y - 3)7 3 11. m(n + 4) 12. (c - 4)d Simplify each expression. If not possible, write simplified. 13. w + 14w - 6w 14. 3(5 + 6h) 15. 12b2 + 9b2 16. 25t3 - 17t3 17. 3a2 + 6a + 2b2 18. 4(6p + 2q - 2p) 19. 4 times the difference of f squared and g, increased by the sum of f squared and 2g 20. 3 times the sum of x and y squared plus 5 times the difference of 2x and y 21. DINING OUT The Ross family recently dined at an Italian restaurant. Each of the four family members ordered a pasta dish that cost $11.50, a drink that cost $1.50, and dessert that cost $2.75. a. Write an expression that could be used to calculate the cost of the Ross’ dinner before adding tax and a tip. b. What was the cost of dining out for the Ross family? Chapter 1 8 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Write an algebraic expression for each verbal expression. Then simplify, indicating the properties used. NAME 1-5 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Equations Find the solution of each equation if the replacement sets are A = {4, 5, 6, 7, 8} and B = {9, 10, 11, 12, 13}. 1. 5a - 9 = 26 2. 4a - 8 = 16 3. 7a + 21 = 56 4. 3b + 15 = 48 5. 4b - 12 = 28 36 6. − -3=0 b Find the solution of each equation using the given replacement set. {2 } 5 5 1 1 3 7. − +x=− ; − , −, 1, − 2 4 4 4 {3 4 4 3 3 } 5 1 2 3 5 4 (x + 2) = − ; − , −, −, − 9. − 4 6 {9 } 13 5 2 7 2 8. x + − =− ; −, −, − 9 3 9 10. 0.8(x + 5) = 5.2; {1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5} Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Solve each equation. 11. 10.4 - 6.8 = x 12. y = 20.1 - 11.9 46 - 15 13. − =a 14. c = − 2(4) + 4 3(3 - 1) 16. − = n 3 + 28 15. − = b 6 + 18 31 - 25 6(7 - 2) 3(8) + 6 17. SHOPPING ONLINE Jennifer is purchasing CDs and a new CD player from an online store. She pays $10 for each CD, as well as $50 for the CD player. Write and solve an equation to find the total amount Jennifer spent if she buys 4 CDs and a CD player from the store. 18. TRAVEL An airplane can travel at a speed of 550 miles per hour. Write and solve an equation to find the time it will take to fly from London to Montreal, a distance of approximately 3300 miles. Chapter 1 9 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 1-5 PERIOD Practice Equations { } 3 1 Find the solution of each equation if the replacement sets are a = 0, − , 1, − ,2 2 2 and b = {3, 3.5, 4, 4.5, 5}. 1 1. a + − =1 2. 4b - 8 = 6 3. 6a + 18 = 27 4. 7b - 8 = 16.5 5. 120 - 28a = 78 28 6. − + 9 = 16 8. w = 20.2 - 8.95 37 - 9 =d 9. − 2 b Solve each equation. 7. x = 18.3 - 4.8 97 - 25 10. − =k 41 - 23 4(22 - 4) 3(6) + 6 11. y = − 18 - 11 5(22) + 4(3) 4(2 - 4) 12. − =p 3 14. CELL PHONES Gabriel pays $40 a month for basic cell phone service. In addition, Gabriel can send text messages for $0.20 each. Write and solve an equation to find the total amount Gabriel spent this month if he sends 40 text messages. Chapter 1 10 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 13. TEACHING A teacher has 15 weeks in which to teach six chapters. Write and then solve an equation that represents the number of lessons the teacher must teach per week if there is an average of 8.5 lessons per chapter. NAME DATE 1-6 PERIOD Skills Pratice Representing Relations Express each relation as a table, a graph, and a mapping. Then determine the domain and range. 1. {(-1, -1), (1, 1), (2, 1), (3, 2)} x y y x O 2. {(0, 4), (-4, -4), (-2, 3), (4, 0)} x y y x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. O 3. {(3, -2), (1, 0), (-2, 4), (3, 1)} x y y O x Identify the independent and dependent variables for each relation. 4. The more hours Maribel works at her job, the larger her paycheck becomes. 5. Increasing the price of an item decreases the amount of people willing to buy it. Chapter 1 11 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 1-6 PERIOD Practice Representing Relations Express each relation as a table, a graph, and a mapping. Then determine the domain and range. 1. {(4, 3), (-1, 4), (3, -2), (-2, 1)} y O x Describe what is happening in each graph. 2. The graph below represents the height of a tsunami (tidal wave) as it approaches shore. 3. The graph below represents a student taking an exam. Number of Questions Answered Height Time Time X Y 0 9 -8 3 2 -6 1 4 5. X Y 9 -6 4 8 5 -5 3 7 y 6. x O 7. BASEBALL The graph shows the number of home runs hit by Andruw Jones of the Atlanta Braves. Express the relation as a set of ordered pairs. Then describe the domain and range. Andruw Jones’ Home Runs 52 48 44 Home Runs 4. 40 36 32 28 24 0 ’02 ’03 ’04 ’05 ’06 ’07 Year Source: ESPN Chapter 1 12 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Express the relation shown in each table, mapping, or graph as a set of ordered pairs. NAME DATE 1-7 PERIOD Skills Practice Representing Functions Determine whether each relation is a function. Explain. 1. 4. X Y -6 -2 1 3 4 1 -3 -5 x 2. 5. y X Y 5 2 0 -3 4 1 -2 x 6. y X Y 4 6 7 2 -1 3 5 x y 7 3 7 -3 -1 1 4 -5 2 -1 -10 0 -9 3 5 1 0 1 -7 -4 -2 3 5 9 1 5 2 7 3 5 7. {(2, 5), (4, -2), (3, 3), (5, 4), (-2, 5)} 8. {(6, -1), (-4, 2), (5, 2), (4, 6), (6, 5)} 9. y = 2x - 5 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 3. 10. y = 11 y 11. O y 12. x y 13. x O O x If f(x) = 3x + 2 and g(x) = x2 - x, find each value. 14. f(4) 15. f(8) 16. f(-2) 17. g(2) 18. g(-3) 19. g(-6) 20. f(2) + 1 21. f(1) - 1 22. g(2) - 2 23. g(-1) + 4 24. f(x + 1) 25. g(3b) Chapter 1 13 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 1-7 PERIOD Practice Representing Functions Determine whether each relation is a function. Explain. 1. X Y -3 -2 1 5 0 3 -2 2. 3. X Y 1 -5 -4 3 7 6 1 -2 y x O 4. {(1, 4), (2, -2), (3, -6), (-6, 3), (-3, 6)} 5. {(6, -4), (2, -4), (-4, 2), (4, 6), (2, 6)} 6. x = -2 7. y = 2 If f(x) = 2x - 6 and g(x) = x - 2x2, find each value. ( 2) 1 9. f - − 8. f(2) ( 3) 10. g(-1) 1 11. g -− 12. f(7) - 9 13. g(-3) + 13 14. f(h + 9) 15. g(3y) 16. 2[g(b) + 1] a. Write the equation in functional notation. b. Find f(15), f(20), and f(25). 18. ELECTRICITY The table shows the relationship between resistance R and current I in a circuit. Resistance (ohms) 120 80 48 6 4 Current (amperes) 0.1 0.15 0.25 2 3 a. Is the relationship a function? Explain. b. If the relation can be represented by the equation IR = 12, rewrite the equation in functional notation so that the resistance R is a function of the current I. c. What is the resistance in a circuit when the current is 0.5 ampere? Chapter 1 14 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 17. WAGES Martin earns $7.50 per hour proofreading ads at a local newspaper. His weekly wage w can be described by the equation w = 7.5h, where h is the number of hours worked. NAME 1-8 DATE PERIOD Skills Pratice Logical Reasoning and Counterexamples Identify the hypothesis and conclusion of each statement. 1. If it is Sunday, then mail is not delivered. 2. If you are hiking in the mountains, then you are outdoors. 3. If 6n + 4 > 58, then n > 9. Identify the hypothesis and conclusion of each statement. Then write the statement in if-then form. 4. Martina works at the bakery every Saturday. 5. Ivan only runs early in the morning. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 6. A polygon that has five sides is a pentagon. Determine whether a valid conclusion follows from the statement If Hector scores an 85 or above on his science exam, then he will earn an A in the class for the given condition. If a valid conclusion does not follow, write no valid conclusion and explain why. 7. Hector scored an 86 on his science exam. 8. Hector did not earn an A in science. 9. Hector scored 84 on the science exam. 10. Hector studied 10 hours for the science exam. Find a counterexample for each conditional statement. 11. If the car will not start, then it is out of gas. 12. If the basketball team has scored 100 points, then they must be winning the game. 13. If the Commutative Property holds for addition, then it holds for subtraction. 14. If 2n + 3 < 17, then n ≤ 7. Chapter 1 15 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 1-8 DATE PERIOD Practice Logical Reasoning and Counterexamples Identify the hypothesis and conclusion of each statement. 1. If it is raining, then the meteorologist’s prediction was accurate. 2. If x = 4, then 2x + 3 = 11. Identify the hypothesis and conclusion of each statement. Then write the statement in if-then form. 3. When Joseph has a fever, he stays home from school. 4. Two congruent triangles are similar. Determine whether a valid conclusion follows from the statement If two numbers are even, then their product is even for the given condition. If a valid conclusion does not follow, write no valid conclusion and explain why. 5. The product of two numbers is 12. Find a counterexample for each conditional statement. 7. If the refrigerator stopped running, then there was a power outage. 8. If 6h - 7 < 5, then h ≤ 2. 9. GEOMETRY Consider the statement: If the perimeter of a rectangle is 14 inches, then its area is 10 square inches. a. State a condition in which the hypothesis and conclusion are valid. b. Provide a counterexample to show the statement is false. 10. ADVERTISING A recent television commercial for a car dealership stated that “no reasonable offer will be refused.” Identify the hypothesis and conclusion of the statement. Then write the statement in if-then form. Chapter 1 16 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 6. Two numbers are 8 and 6. NAME 2-1 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Writing Equations Translate each sentence into an equation. 1. Two added to three times a number m is the same as 18. 2. Twice a increased by the cube of a equals b. 3. Seven less than the sum of p and t is as much as 6. 4. The sum of x and its square is equal to y times z. 5. Four times the sum of f and g is identical to six times g. Translate each sentence into a formula. 6. The perimeter P of a square equals four times the length of a side . 7. The area A of a square is the length of a side squared. 8. The perimeter P of a triangle is equal to the sum of the lengths of sides a, b, and c. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 9. The area A of a circle is pi times the radius r squared. 10. The volume V of a rectangular prism equals the product of the length , the width w, and the height h. Translate each equation into a sentence. 11. g + 10 = 3g 12. 2p + 4t = 20 13. 4(a + b) = 9a 14. 8 - 6x = 4 + 2x 1 15. − (f + y) = f - 5 16. k2 - n2 = 2b 2 Write a problem based on the given information. 17. c = cost per pound of plain coffee beans c + 3 = cost per pound of flavored coffee beans 2c + (c + 3) = 21 Chapter 2 17 18. p = cost of dinner 0.15p = cost of a 15% tip p + 0.15p = 23 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 2-1 DATE PERIOD Practice Writing Equations Translate each sentence into an equation. 1. Fifty-three plus four times b is as much as 21. 2. The sum of five times h and twice g is equal to 23. 3. One fourth the sum of r and ten is identical to r minus 4. 4. Three plus the sum of the squares of w and x is 32. Translate each sentence into a formula. 5. Degrees Kelvin K equals 273 plus degrees Celsius C. 6. The total cost C of gas is the price p per gallon times the number of gallons g. 7. The sum S of the measures of the angles of a polygon is equal to 180 times the difference of the number of sides n and 2. Translate each equation into a sentence. 1 r 8. r - (4 + p) = − 3 10. 9(y2 + x) = 18 3 9. − t+2=t 5 11. 2(m - n) = x + 7 12. a = cost of one adult’s ticket to zoo 13. c = regular cost of one airline ticket a - 4 = cost of one children’s ticket to zoo 0.20c = amount of 20% promotional discount 2a + 4(a - 4) = 38 3(c - 0.20c) = 330 14. GEOGRAPHY About 15% of all federally-owned land in the 48 contiguous states of the United States is in Nevada. If F represents the area of federally-owned land in these states, and N represents the portion in Nevada, write an equation for this situation. 15. FITNESS Deanna and Pietra each go for walks around a lake a few times per week. Last week, Deanna walked 7 miles more than Pietra. a. If p represents the number of miles Pietra walked, write an equation that represents the total number of miles T the two girls walked. b. If Pietra walked 9 miles during the week, how many miles did Deanna walk? c. If Pietra walked 11 miles during the week, how many miles did the two girls walk together? Chapter 2 18 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Write a problem based on the given information. NAME DATE 2-2 PERIOD Skills Practice Solving One-Step Equations Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Solve each equation. Check your solution. 1. y - 7 = 8 2. w + 14 = -8 3. p - 4 = 6 4. -13 = 5 + x 5. 98 = b + 34 6. y - 32 = -1 7. n + (-28) = 0 8. y + (-10) = 6 9. -1 = t + (-19) 10. j - (-17) = 36 11. 14 = d + (-10) 12. u + (-5) = -15 13. 11 = -16 + y 14. c - (-3) = 100 15. 47 = w - (-8) 16. x - (-74) = -22 17. 4 - (-h) = 68 18. -56 = 20 - (-j) 19. 12z = 108 20. -7t = 49 21. 18f = -216 22. -22 = 11v 23. -6d = -42 24. 96 = -24a c = 16 25. − a 26. − =9 4 16 d 27. -84 = − d 28. - − = -13 29. −t = -13 1 30. 31 = -− n 2 z 31. -6 = − 2 32. − q = -4 5 p = -10 33. − a 2 34. − =− 3 4 3 9 Chapter 2 7 6 7 10 19 5 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 2-2 PERIOD Practice Solving One-Step Equations Solve each equation. Check your solution. 1. d - 8 = 17 2. v + 12 = -5 3. b - 2 = -11 4. -16 = m + 71 5. 29 = a - 76 6. -14 + y = -2 7. 8 - (-n) = 1 8. 78 + r = -15 9. f + (-3) = -9 10. 8j = 96 11. -13z = -39 13. 243 = 27r 14. − = -8 a 4 =− 16. − 15 5 y 9 g 2 17. − = − 27 9 12. -180 = 15m j 12 15. - − = -8 q 1 18. − = − 24 6 Write an equation for each sentence. Then solve the equation. 19. Negative nine times a number equals -117. 3 20. Negative one eighth of a number is - − . 4 5 21. Five sixths of a number is - − . 9 22. 2.7 times a number equals 8.37. a. Write an addition equation to represent the situation. b. What was the barometric pressure when the eye passed over? 24. ROLLER COASTERS Kingda Ka in New Jersey is the tallest and fastest roller coaster in the world. Riders travel at an average speed of 61 feet per second for 3118 feet. They reach a maximum speed of 187 feet per second. a. If x represents the total time that the roller coaster is in motion for each ride, write an expression to represent the sitation. (Hint: Use the distance formula d = rt.) b. How long is the roller coaster in motion? Chapter 2 20 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 23. HURRICANES The day after a hurricane, the barometric pressure in a coastal town has risen to 29.7 inches of mercury, which is 2.9 inches of mercury higher than the pressure when the eye of the hurricane passed over. NAME DATE 2-3 PERIOD Skills Practice Solving Multi-Step Equations Solve each problem by working backward. 1. A number is divided by 2, and then the quotient is added to 8. The result is 33. Find the number. 2. Two is subtracted from a number, and then the difference is divided by 3. The result is 30. Find the number. 3. A number is multiplied by 2, and then the product is added to 9. The result is 49. What is the number? 4. ALLOWANCE After Ricardo received his allowance for the week, he went to the mall with some friends. He spent half of his allowance on a new paperback book. Then he bought himself a snack for $1.25. When he arrived home, he had $5.00 left. How much was his allowance? Solve each equation. Check your solution. 5. 5x + 3 = 23 6. 4 = 3a - 14 8. 6 + 5c = -29 9. 8 - 5w = -37 10. 18 - 4v = 42 n 11. − - 8 = -2 x 12. 5 + − =1 h 13. - − - 4 = 13 d + 12 = -7 14. - − a 15. − -2=9 w 16. − + 3 = -1 3 q-7=8 17. − 2 18. − g + 6 = -12 5 19. − z - 8 = -3 4 m+2=6 20. − c-5 21. − =3 22. − = 2 3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 7. 2y + 5 = 19 6 4 5 4 5 3 3 7 2 b+1 3 4 Write an equation and solve each problem. 23. Twice a number plus four equals 6. What is the number? 24. Sixteen is seven plus three times a number. Find the number. 25. Find two consecutive integers whose sum is 35. 26. Find three consecutive integers whose sum is 36. Chapter 2 21 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 2-3 PERIOD Practice Solving Multi-Step Equations Solve each problem by working backward. 1. Three is added to a number, and then the sum is multiplied by 4. The result is 16. Find the number. 2. A number is divided by 4, and the quotient is added to 3. The result is 24. What is the number? 3. Two is subtracted from a number, and then the difference is multiplied by 5. The result is 30. Find the number. 4. BIRD WATCHING While Michelle sat observing birds at a bird feeder, one fourth of the birds flew away when they were startled by a noise. Two birds left the feeder to go to another stationed a few feet away. Three more birds flew into the branches of a nearby tree. Four birds remained at the feeder. How many birds were at the feeder initially? Solve each equation. Check your solution. 5. -12n - 19 = 77 6. 17 + 3f = 14 u 8. − +6=2 d 9. − + 3 = 15 5 -4 b 10. − - 6 = -2 3 3 12. -32 - − f = -17 3 13. 8 - − k = -4 14. − = 1 15 - a 15. − = -9 3k - 7 16. − = 16 x - 0.5 = 2.5 17. − 18. 2.5g + 0.45 = 0.95 19. 0.4m - 0.7 = 0.22 2 8 8 r + 13 12 7 5 3 8 5 Write an equation and solve each problem. 20. Seven less than four times a number equals 13. What is the number? 21. Find two consecutive odd integers whose sum is 116. 22. Find two consecutive even integers whose sum is 126. 23. Find three consecutive odd integers whose sum is 117. 24. COIN COLLECTING Jung has a total of 92 coins in his coin collection. This is 8 more than three times the number of quarters in the collection. How many quarters does Jung have in his collection? Chapter 2 22 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 7 1 1 y-− =− 11. − 7. 15t + 4 = 49 NAME DATE 2-4 PERIOD Skills Practice Solving Equations with the Variable on Each Side Justify each step. 4k - 3 = 2k + 5 1. 4k - 3 - 2k = 2k + 5 - 2k 2k - 3 = 5 b. 2k - 3 + 3 = 5 + 3 c. 2k = 8 d. 2k 8 − =− e. k=4 f. 2 2 2(8u + 2) = 3(2u - 7) 2. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. a. 16u + 4 = 6u - 21 a. 16u + 4 - 6u = 6u - 21 - 6u b. 10u + 4 = -21 c. 10u + 4 - 4 = -21 - 4 d. 10u = -25 e. -25 10u =− − f. u = -2.5 g. 10 10 Solve each equation. Check your solution. 3. 2m + 12 = 3m - 31 4. 2h - 8 = h + 17 5. 7a - 3 = 3 - 2a 6. 4n - 12 = 12 - 4n 7. 4x - 9 = 7x + 12 8. -6y - 3 = 3 - 6y 9. 5 + 3r = 5r - 19 10. -9 + 8k = 7 + 4k 11. 8q + 12 = 4(3 + 2q) 12. 3(5j + 2) = 2(3j - 6) 13. 6(-3v + 1) = 5(-2v - 2) 14. -7(2b - 4) = 5(-2b + 6) 15. 3(8 - 3t) = 5(2 + t) 16. 2(3u + 7) = -4(3 - 2u) 17. 8(2f - 2) = 7(3f + 2) 18. 5(-6 - 3d) = 3(8 + 7d) 19. 6(w - 1) = 3(3w + 5) 20. 7(-3y + 2) = 8(3y - 2) 2 2 21. − v-6=6-− v 5 7 7 1 22. − -− x=− x+− 3 Chapter 2 3 2 23 8 8 2 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 2-4 PERIOD Practice Solving Equations with the Variable on Each Side Solve each equation. Check your solution. 1. 5x - 3 = 13 - 3x 2. -4r - 11 = 4r + 21 3. 1 - m = 6 - 6m 4. 14 + 5n = -4n + 17 3 1 5. − k-3=2-− k 1 6. − (6 - y) = y 7. 3(-2 - 3x) = -9x - 4 8. 4(4 - w) = 3(2w + 2) 9. 9(4b - 1) = 2(9b + 3) 10. 3(6 + 5y) = 2(-5 + 4y) 11. -5x - 10 = 2 - (x + 4) 12. 6 + 2(3j - 2) = 4(1 + j) 5 3 13. − t-t=3+− t 14. 1.4f + 1.1 = 8.3 - f 2 4 2 2 3 6 2 6 g 2 3 1 16. 2 - − k=− k+9 4 8 1 17. − (3g - 2) = − 1 1 18. − (n + 1) = − (3n - 5) h 1 19. − (5 - 2h) = − 1 1 20. − (2m - 16) = − (2m + 4) 21. 3(d - 8) - 5 = 9(d + 2) + 1 22. 2(a - 8) + 7 = 5(a + 2) - 3a - 19 2 2 2 3 9 6 3 23. NUMBERS Two thirds of a number reduced by 11 is equal to 4 more than the number. Find the number. 24. NUMBERS Five times the sum of a number and 3 is the same as 3 multiplied by 1 less than twice the number. What is the number? 25. NUMBER THEORY Tripling the greater of two consecutive even integers gives the same result as subtracting 10 from the lesser even integer. What are the integers? 26. GEOMETRY The formula for the perimeter of a rectangle is P = 2, + 2w, where is the length and w is the width. A rectangle has a perimeter of 24 inches. Find its dimensions if its length is 3 inches greater than its width. Chapter 2 24 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 5 2 1 1 15. − x-− =− x+− 2 NAME DATE 2-5 PERIOD Skills Practice Solving Equations Involving Absolute Value Evaluate each expression if a = 2, b = -3, and c = -4. 1. ⎪a - 5⎥ - 1 2. ⎪b + 1⎥ + 8 3. 5 - ⎪c + 1⎥ 4. ⎪ a + b⎥ - c Solve each equation. Then graph the solution set. 6. ⎪c - 3⎥ = 1 5. ⎪w + 1⎥ = 5 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 7. ⎪n + 2⎥ = 1 1 2 3 4 2 3 4 5 6 7 -10 -9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 10. ⎪k - 5⎥ = 4 9. ⎪w - 2⎥ = 2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 1 8. ⎪t + 6⎥ = 4 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 -3 -2 -1 0 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 Write an equation involving absolute value for each graph. 11. 12. -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 13. 3 14. Chapter 2 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 25 1 2 3 4 5 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 2-5 PERIOD Practice Solving Equations Involving Absolute Value Evaluate each expression if x = -1, y = 3, and z = -4. 1. 16 - ⎪2z + 1⎥ 2. ⎪x - y⎥ + 4 3. ⎪-3y + z⎥ - x 4. 3 ⎪z - x⎥ + ⎪2 - y⎥ Solve each equation. Then graph the solution set. 6. |3 - 2r| = 7 5. |2z - 9| = 1 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 7. |3t + 6| = 9 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 4 5 6 7 8 8. |2g - 5| = 9 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 Write an equation involving absolute value for each graph. 9. 10. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 11. 12. -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 0 1 2 -3 -2 -1 0 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 13. FITNESS Taisha uses the elliptical cross-trainer at the gym. Her general goal is to burn 280 Calories per workout, but she varies by as much as 25 Calories from this amount on any given day. Write and solve an equation to find the maximum and minimum number of Calories Taisha burns on the cross-trainer. 14. TEMPERATURE A thermometer is guaranteed to give a temperature no more than 1.2°F from the actual temperature. If the thermometer reads 28°F, write and solve an equation to find the maximum and minimum temperatures it could be. Chapter 2 26 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 1 NAME DATE 2-6 PERIOD Skills Practice Ratios and Proportions Determine whether each pair of ratios are equivalent ratios. Write yes or no. 4 20 1. − ,− 5 7 2. − ,− 6 24 3. − ,− 8 72 4. − ,− 7 42 5. − ,− 13 26 6. − ,− 3 21 7. − ,− 12 50 8. − ,− 5 25 9 11 7 28 9 81 16 90 14 98 19 38 17 85 Solve each proportion. If necessary, round to the nearest hundredth. 1 2 9. − a =− 5 3 10. − =− 9 15 11. − g =− 3 1 12. − a =− 6 3 13. − z =− 5 35 14. − =− 36 12 =− 15. − m 7 6 16. − =− 6 42 =− 17. − 7 1 18. − =− 10 30 =− 19. − m n 11 20. − =− 9 27 21. − c =− 5 20 22. − =− g 12 14 10 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 5 56 f 14 39 y 84 4 =− 23. − 21 b 9 6 f 21 y 69 23 b 15 9 60 22 11 24. − x =− 30 25. BOATING Hue’s boat used 5 gallons of gasoline in 4 hours. At this rate, how many gallons of gasoline will the boat use in 10 hours? Chapter 2 27 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 2-6 PERIOD Practice Ratios and Proportions Determine whether each pair of ratios are equivalent ratios. Write yes or no. 7 52 1. − ,− 3 15 2. − ,− 18 36 3. − ,− 12 108 ,− 4. − 8 72 5. − ,− 1.5 1 6. − ,− 3.4 7.14 ,− 7. − 1.7 2.9 8. − ,− 7.6 3.9 9. − ,− 6 48 11 11 66 99 24 48 9 81 5.2 10.92 9 1.2 2.4 6 1.8 0.9 Solve each proportion. If necessary, round to the nearest hundredth. 5 30 10. − a =− v 34 11. − =− 40 k 12. − =− 28 4 13. − =− w 3 27 14. − u =− y 48 15. − = − 10 2 16. − y =− 5 35 17. − =− 3 z 18. − =− 6 12 19. − =− g 6 20. − = − 14 2 21. − =− 7 8 22. − =− 3 5 23. − q =− m 5 24. − =− 54 49 46 16 h 7 3 x 11 9 51 4 17 a 49 6 6 8 v 7 25. − =− 3 12 26. − =− 6 3 27. − n =− 7 14 28. − =− 3 2 29. − =− m-1 2 30. − =− r+2 5 32. − = − 3 x-2 33. − =− 0.23 1.61 a-4 6 x+1 4 5 31. − =− 12 0.72 12 7 0.51 b y+6 7 8 7 4 6 1 34. PAINTING Ysidra paints a room that has 400 square feet of wall space in 2 − hours. 2 At this rate, how long will it take her to paint a room that has 720 square feet of wall space? 35. VACATION PLANS Walker is planning a summer vacation. He wants to visit Petrified National Forest and Meteor Crater, Arizona, the 50,000-year-old impact site of a large meteor. On a map with a scale where 2 inches equals 75 miles, the two areas are about 1 inches apart. What is the distance between Petrified National Forest and Meteor 1− 2 Crater? Chapter 2 28 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. t 9 56 162 60 61 23 NAME 2-7 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Percent of Change State whether each percent of change is a percent of increase or a percent of decrease. Then find each percent of change. Round to the nearest whole percent. 1. original: 25 new: 10 2. original: 50 new: 75 3. original: 55 new: 50 4. original: 25 new: 28 5. original: 50 new: 30 6. original: 90 new: 95 7. original: 48 new: 60 8. original: 60 new: 45 Find the total price of each item. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 9. dress: $69.00 tax: 5% 10. binder: $14.50 tax: 7% 11. hardcover book: $28.95 tax: 6% 12. groceries: $47.52 tax: 3% 13. filler paper: $6.00 tax: 6.5% 14. shoes: $65.00 tax: 4% 15. basketball: $17.00 tax: 6% 16. concert tickets: $48.00 tax: 7.5% Find the discounted price of each item. 17. backpack: $56.25 discount: 20% 18. monitor: $150.00 discount: 50% 19. CD: $15.99 discount: 20% 20. shirt: $25.50 discount: 40% 21. sleeping bag: $125 discount: 25% 22. coffee maker: $102.00 discount: 45% Chapter 2 29 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 2-7 DATE PERIOD Practice Percent of Change State whether each percent of change is a percent of increase or a percent of decrease. Then find each percent of change. Round to the nearest whole percent. 1. original: 18 new: 10 2. original: 140 new: 160 3. original: 200 new: 320 4. original: 10 new: 25 5. original: 76 new: 60 6. original: 128 new: 120 7. original: 15 new: 35.5 8. original: 98.6 new: 64 9. original: 58.8 new: 65.7 Find the total price of each item. 10. concrete blocks: $95.00 tax: 6% 11. crib: $240.00 tax: 6.5% 12. jacket: $125.00 tax: 5.5% 13. class ring: $325.00 tax: 6% 14. blanket: $24.99 tax: 7% 15. kite: $18.90 tax: 5% 16. dry cleaning: $25.00 discount: 15% 17. computer game: $49.99 discount: 25% 18. luggage: $185.00 discount: 30% 19. stationery: $12.95 discount: 10% 20. prescription glasses: $149 discount: 20% 21. pair of shorts: $24.99 discount: 45% Find the final price of each item. 22. television: $375.00 discount: 25% tax: 6% 23. DVD player: $269.00 discount: 20% tax: 7% 24. printer: $255.00 discount: 30% tax: 5.5% 25. INVESTMENTS The price per share of a stock decreased from $90 per share to $36 per share early in 2009. By what percent did the price of the stock decrease? 26. HEATING COSTS Customers of a utility company received notices in their monthly bills that heating costs for the average customer had increased 125% over last year because of an unusually severe winter. In January of last year, the Garcia’s paid $120 for heating. What should they expect to pay this January if their bill increased by 125%? Chapter 2 30 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Find the discounted price of each item. NAME DATE 2-8 PERIOD Skills Practice Literal Equations and Dimensional Analysis Solve each equation or formula for the variable indicated. 1. 7t = x, for t 2. r = wp, for p 3. q - r = r, for r 4. 4m - t = m, for m 5. 7a - b = 15a, for a 6. -5c + d = 2c, for c 7. x - 2y = 1, for y 8. d + 3n = 1, for n Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 9. 7f + g = 5, for f 10. ax - c = b, for x 11. rt - 2n = y, for t 12. bc + 3g = 2k, for c 13. kn + 4f = 9v, for n 14. 8c + 6j = 5p, for c x-c 15. − = d, for x x-c 16. − = d, for c 2 p+9 5 17. − = r, for p 2 b - 4z 18. − = a, for b 7 19. The volume of a box V is given by the formula V = ℓwh, where ℓ is the length, w is the width, and h is the height. a. Solve the formula for h. b. What is the height of a box with a volume of 50 cubic meters, length of 10 meters, and width of 2 meters? 20. Trent purchases 44 euros worth of souvenirs while on vacation in France. If $1 U.S. = 0.678 euros, find the cost of the souvenirs in United States dollars. Round to the nearest cent. Chapter 2 31 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 2-8 PERIOD Practice Literal Equations and Dimensional Analysis Solve each equation or formula for the variable indicated. 1. d = rt, for r 2. 6w - y = 2z, for w 3. mx + 4y = 3t, for x 4. 9s - 5g = -4u, for s 5. ab + 3c = 2x, for b 6. 2p = kx - t, for x 2 m + a = a + r, for m 7. − 2 8. − h + g = d, for h 3 2 y + v = x, for y 9. − 3 5 3 10. − a - q = k, for a 4 rx + 9 = h, for x 11. − 3b - 4 12. − = c, for b 13. 2w - y = 7w - 2, for w 14. 3 + y = 5 + 5, for 5 2 15. ELECTRICITY The formula for Ohm’s Law is E = IR, where E represents voltage measured in volts, I represents current measured in amperes, and R represents resistance measured in ohms. b. Suppose a current of 0.25 ampere flows through a resistor connected to a 12-volt battery. What is the resistance in the circuit? 16. MOTION In uniform circular motion, the speed v of a point on the edge of a spinning 2π disk is v = − r, where r is the radius of the disk and t is the time it takes the point to t travel once around the circle. a. Solve the formula for r. b. Suppose a merry-go-round is spinning once every 3 seconds. If a point on the outside edge has a speed of 12.56 feet per second, what is the radius of the merry-go-round? (Use 3.14 for π.) 17. HIGHWAYS Interstate 90 is the longest interstate highway in the United States, connecting the cities of Seattle, Washington and Boston, Massachusetts. The interstate is 4,987,000 meters in length. If 1 mile = 1.609 kilometers, how many miles long is Interstate 90? Chapter 2 32 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. a. Solve the formula for R. NAME 2-9 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Weighted Averages 1. SEASONING A health food store sells seasoning blends in bulk. One blend contains 20% basil. Sheila wants to add pure basil to some 20% blend to make 16 ounces of her own 30% blend. Let b represent the amount of basil Sheila should add to the 20% blend. a. Complete the table representing the problem. Ounces Amount of Basil 20% Basil Blend 100% Basil 30% Basil Blend b. Write an equation to represent the problem. c. How many ounces of basil should Sheila use to make the 30% blend? Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. d. How many ounces of the 20% blend should she use? 2. HIKING At 7:00 A.M., two groups of hikers begin 21 miles apart and head toward each other. The first group, hiking at an average rate of 1.5 miles per hour, carries tents, sleeping bags, and cooking equipment. The second group, hiking at an average rate of 2 miles per hour, carries food and water. Let t represent the hiking time. a. Copy and complete the table representing the problem. r t d = rt First group of hikers Second group of hikers b. Write an equation using t that describes the distances traveled. c. How long will it be until the two groups of hikers meet? 3. SALES Sergio sells a mixture of Virginia peanuts and Spanish peanuts for $3.40 per pound. To make the mixture, he uses Virginia peanuts that cost $3.50 per pound and Spanish peanuts that cost $3.00 per pound. He mixes 10 pounds at a time. a. How many pounds of Virginia peanuts does Sergio use? b. How many pounds of Spanish peanuts does Sergio use? Chapter 2 33 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 2-9 PERIOD Practice Weighted Averages 1. GRASS SEED A nursery sells Kentucky Blue Grass seed for $5.75 per pound and Tall Fescue seed for $4.50 per pound. The nursery sells a mixture of the two kinds of seed for $5.25 per pound. Let k represent the amount of Kentucky Blue Grass seed the nursery uses in 5 pounds of the mixture. a. Complete the table representing the problem. Number of Pounds Price per Pound Cost Kentucky Blue Grass Tall Fescue Mixture b. Write an equation to represent the problem. c. How much Kentucky Blue Grass does the nursery use in 5 pounds of the mixture? d. How much Tall Fescue does the nursery use in 5 pounds of the mixture? a. Copy and complete the table representing the problem. r t d = rt First Train Second Train b. Write an equation using t that describes the distances traveled. c. How long after departing will the trains pass each other? 3. TRAVEL Two trains leave Raleigh at the same time, one traveling north, and the other south. The first train travels at 50 miles per hour and the second at 60 miles per hour. In how many hours will the trains be 275 miles apart? 4. JUICE A pineapple drink contains 15% pineapple juice. How much pure pineapple juice should be added to 8 quarts of the pineapple drink to obtain a mixture containing 50% pineapple juice? Chapter 2 34 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 2. TRAVEL Two commuter trains carry passengers between two cities, one traveling east, and the other west, on different tracks. Their respective stations are 150 miles apart. Both trains leave at the same time, one traveling at an average speed of 55 miles per hour and the other at an average speed of 65 miles per hour. Let t represent the time until the trains pass each other. NAME DATE 3-1 PERIOD Skills Practice Graphing Linear Equations Determine whether each equation is a linear equation. Write yes or no. If yes, write the equation in standard form. 1. xy = 6 2. y = 2 - 3x 3. 5x = y - 4 4. y = 2x + 5 5. y = -7 + 6x 6. y = 3x2 + 1 7. y - 4 = 0 8. 5x + 6y = 3x + 2 1 y=1 9. − 2 Find the x- and y-intercepts of each linear function. y 10. y 11. y 12. x x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. O O Graph each equation by making a table. 13. y = 4 14. y = 3x 15. y = x + 4 y y x O x O y x O x O Graph each equation by using the x- and y-intercepts. 16. x - y = 3 17. 10x = -5y y O Chapter 3 18. 4x = 2y + 6 y x y x O 35 O x Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 3-1 DATE PERIOD Practice Graphing Linear Equations Determine whether each equation is a linear equation. Write yes or no. If yes, write the equation in standard form and determine the x- and y-intercepts. 1. 4xy + 2y = 9 2. 8x - 3y = 6 - 4x 4. 5 - 2y = 3x 5. x − 4 3. 7x + y + 3 = y y 3 5 2 6. − x -− y =7 -−=1 Graph each equation. 1 7. − x-y=2 8. 5x - 2y = 7 y y 2 O x O 9. 1.5x + 3y = 9 y x x O a. Find the y-intercept of the graph of the equation. 14 Long Distance 12 Cost ($) 10 8 6 4 2 b. Graph the equation. 0 c. If you talk 140 minutes, what is the monthly cost? 40 80 120 Time (minutes) 160 11. MARINE BIOLOGY Killer whales usually swim at a rate of 3.2–9.7 kilometers per hour, though they can travel up to 48.4 kilometers per hour. Suppose a migrating killer whale is swimming at an average rate of 4.5 kilometers per hour. The distance d the whale has traveled in t hours can be predicted by the equation d = 4.5t. a. Graph the equation. b. Use the graph to predict the time it takes the killer whale to travel 30 kilometers. Chapter 3 36 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 10. COMMUNICATIONS A telephone company charges $4.95 per month for long distance calls plus $0.05 per minute. The monthly cost c of long distance calls can be described by the equation c = 0.05m + 4.95, where m is the number of minutes. NAME 3-2 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Solving Linear Equations by Graphing Solve each equation. 2. -3x + 2 = 0 1. 2x - 5 = -3 + 2x y x 4. 4x - 1 = 4x + 2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 6. 0 = 5x + 3 y x y x 0 9. -x + 1 = 0 y x y x 0 10. GIFT CARDS You receive a gift card for trading cards from a local store. The function d = 20 – 1.95c represents the remaining dollars d on the gift card after obtaining c packages of cards. Find the zero of this function. Describe what this value means in this context. x 0 8. -3x + 8 = 5 - 3x y x 0 5. 4x - 1 = 0 7. 0 = -2x + 4 0 x 0 y 0 y x 0 Amount Remaining on Gift Card ($) 0 3. 3x + 2 = 3x - 1 y d 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 c Packages of Cards Bought Chapter 3 37 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 3-2 DATE PERIOD Practice Solving Linear Equations by Graphing Solve each equation. 1 1. − x-2=0 2. -3x + 2 = -1 2 y y x 0 1 1 4. − x+2=− x-1 3 y x 0 3 y 4 4 y x x 0 3 3 6. − x+1=− x-7 2 5. − x+4=3 3 0 3. 4x - 2 = -2 y x 0 x 0 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Solve each equation by graphing. Verify your answer algebraically 7. 13x + 2 = 11x - 1 8. -9x - 3 = -4x - 3 0 3 3 y x y x 0 10. DISTANCE A bus is driving at 60 miles per hour toward a bus station that is 250 miles away. The function d = 250 – 60t represents the distance d from the bus station the bus is t hours after it has started driving. Find the zero of this function. Describe what this value means in this context. x 0 Distance from Bus Station (miles) y 2 1 9. -− x+2=− x-1 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Time (hours) Chapter 3 38 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 3-3 PERIOD Skills Practice Rate of Change and Slope Find the slope of the line that passes through each pair of points. 1. y Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. (0, 1) O y 2. (2, 5) y 3. (0, 1) (3, 1) O O x x (0, 0) 4. (2, 5), (3, 6) 5. (6, 1), (-6, 1) 6. (4, 6), (4, 8) 7. (5, 2), (5, -2) 8. (2, 5), (-3, -5) 9. (9, 8), (7, -8) 10. (-5, -8), (-8, 1) 11. (-3, 10), (-3, 7) 12. (17, 18), (18, 17) 13. (-6, -4), (4, 1) 14. (10, 0), (-2, 4) 15. (2, -1), (-8, -2) 16. (5, -9), (3, -2) 17. (12, 6), (3, -5) 18. (-4, 5), (-8, -5) 19. (-5, 6), (7, -8) (1, -2) x Find the value of r so the line that passes through each pair of points has the given slope. 20. (r, 3), (5, 9), m = 2 21. (5, 9), (r, -3), m = -4 1 22. (r, 2), (6, 3), m = − 23. (r, 4), (7, 1), m = 24. (5, 3), (r, -5), m = 4 25. (7, r), (4, 6), m = 0 2 Chapter 3 39 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 3-3 PERIOD Practice Rate of Change and Slope Find the slope of the line that passes through each pair of points. y 1. y 2. (–2, 3) (–1, 0) 3. (–2, 3) y (3, 3) (3, 1) O x O x O (–2, –3) 4. (6, 3), (7, -4) 5. (-9, -3), (-7, -5) 6. (6, -2), (5, -4) 7. (7, -4), (4, 8) 8. (-7, 8), (-7, 5) 9. (5, 9), (3, 9) 11. (3, 9), (-2, 8) 12. (-2, -5), (7, 8) 13. (12, 10), (12, 5) 14. (0.2, -0.9), (0.5, -0.9) 7 4 1 2 15. − , − , -− ,− (3 3) ( 3 3 ) Find the value of r so the line that passes through each pair of points has the given slope. 1 16. (-2, r), (6, 7), m = − 1 17. (-4, 3), (r, 5), m = − 2 4 9 18. (-3, -4), (-5, r), m = -− 7 19. (-5, r), (1, 3), m = − 20. (1, 4), (r, 5), m undefined 21. (-7, 2), (-8, r), m = -5 1 22. (r, 7), (11, 8), m = -− 23. (r, 2), (5, r), m = 0 2 5 6 24. ROOFING The pitch of a roof is the number of feet the roof rises for each 12 feet horizontally. If a roof has a pitch of 8, what is its slope expressed as a positive number? 25. SALES A daily newspaper had 12,125 subscribers when it began publication. Five years later it had 10,100 subscribers. What is the average yearly rate of change in the number of subscribers for the five-year period? Chapter 3 40 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 10. (15, 2), (-6, 5) x NAME DATE 3-4 PERIOD Skills Practice Direct Variation Name the constant of variation for each equation. Then determine the slope of the line that passes through each pair of points. y 1. (3, 1) (0, 0) y 2. (–2, 3) (-1, 2) (0, 0) x O y 3. O (0, 0) x y=–3x 2 y = -2x y=1x 3 x O Graph each equation. y 4. y = 3x y 3 5. y = - − x 5 x O y 2 6. y = − x 4 x O O x 7. If y = -8 when x = -2, find x when y = 32. 9. If y = -4 when x 2, find y when x = -6. 11. If y = 4 when x = 16, find y 8. If y = 45 when x = 15, find x when y = 15. 10. If y = -9 when x = 3, find y when x = -5. 12. If y = 12 when x = 18, find x when y = -16. when x = 6. Write a direct variation equation that relates the variables. Then graph the equation. 13. TRAVEL The total cost C of gasoline is $3.00 times the number of gallons g. 14. SHIPPING The number of delivered toys T is 3 times the total number of crates c. Gasoline Cost C 28 21 24 18 20 15 16 12 12 9 8 6 4 3 0 Chapter 3 1 2 3 4 5 Gallons 6 Toys Shipped T Toys Cost ($) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Suppose y varies directly as x. Write a direct variation equation that relates x and y. Then solve. 0 7 g 41 1 2 3 4 5 Crates 6 7 c Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 3-4 PERIOD Practice Direct Variation Name the constant of variation for each equation. Then determine the slope of the line that passes through each pair of points. 1. y 2. y=3x 4 (3, 4) (4, 3) (0, 0) y (–2, 5) y = - 5x 2 y=4x 3 (0, 0) x O 3. y (0, 0) x O O x Graph each equation. y 4. y = -2x y 6 5. y = − x y 5 6. y = - − x 5 2 x O O x O x Suppose y varies directly as x. Write a direct variation equation that relates x and y. Then solve. 8. If y = 80 when x = 32, find x when y = 100. 3 9. If y = − when x = 24, find y when x = 12. 4 Write a direct variation equation that relates the variables. Then graph the equation. 10. MEASURE The width W of a rectangle is two thirds of the length . 11. TICKETS The total cost C of tickets is $4.50 times the number of tickets t. Rectangle Dimensions W Width 10 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Length 12. PRODUCE The cost of bananas varies directly with their weight. Miguel bought 1 pounds of bananas for $1.12. Write an equation that relates the cost of the bananas 3− 2 1 pounds of bananas. to their weight. Then find the cost of 4 − 4 Chapter 3 42 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 7. If y = 7.5 when x = 0.5, find y when x = -0.3. NAME DATE 3-5 PERIOD Skills Practice Arithmetic Sequences as Linear Functions Determine whether each sequence is an arithmetic sequence. Write yes or no. Explain. 1. 4, 7, 9, 12, . . . 2. 15, 13, 11, 9, . . . 3. 7, 10, 13, 16, . . . 4. -6, -5, -3, -1, . . . 5. -5, -3, -1, 1, . . . 6. -9, -12, -15, -18, . . . 7. 10, 15, 25, 40, . . . 8. -10, -5, 0, 5, . . . Find the next three terms of each arithmetic sequence. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 9. 3, 7, 11, 15, . . . 10. 22, 20, 18, 16, . . . 11. -13, -11, -9, -7 . . . 12. -2, -5, -8, -11, . . . 13. 19, 24, 29, 34, . . . 14. 16, 7, -2, -11, . . . 15. 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10, . . . 16. 3.1, 4.1, 5.1, 6.1, . . . Write an equation for the nth term of each arithmetic sequence. Then graph the first five terms of the sequence. 17. 7, 13, 19, 25, . . . 30 an 18. 30, 26, 22, 18, . . . 30 20 20 10 10 19. -7, -4, -1, 2, . . . an an 4 O 2 4 6n -4 O 2 4 6n O 2 4 6n -8 20. VIDEO DOWNLOADING Brian is downloading episodes of his favorite TV show to play on his personal media device. The cost to download 1 episode is $1.99. The cost to download 2 episodes is $3.98. The cost to download 3 episodes is $5.97. Write a function to represent the arithmetic sequence. Chapter 3 43 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 3-5 PERIOD Practice Arithmetic Sequences as Linear Functions Determine whether each sequence is an arithmetic sequence. Write yes or no. Explain. 1. 21, 13, 5, -3, . . . 2. -5, 12, 29, 46, . . . 3. -2.2, -1.1, 0.1, 1.3, . . . 4. 1, 4, 9, 16, . . . 5. 9, 16, 23, 30, . . . 6. -1.2, 0.6, 1.8, 3.0, . . . Find the next three terms of each arithmetic sequence. 7. 82, 76, 70, 64, . . . 10. -10, -3, 4, 11 . . . 8. -49, -35, -21, -7, . . . 11. 12, 10, 8, 6, . . . 3 1 1 9. − , −, −, 0, . . . 4 2 4 12. 12, 7, 2, -3, . . . Write an equation for the nth term of each arithmetic sequence. Then graph the first five terms of the sequence. 13. 9, 13, 17, 21, . . . an 8 20 4 10 O O 2 4 6n an 15. 19, 31, 43, 55, . . . 60 an 40 2 4 6n -4 20 O 2 4 6n 16. BANKING Chem deposited $115.00 in a savings account. Each week thereafter, he deposits $35.00 into the account. a. Write a function to represent the total amount Chem has deposited for any particular number of weeks after his initial deposit. b. How much has Chem deposited 30 weeks after his initial deposit? 17. STORE DISPLAYS Tamika is stacking boxes of tissue for a store display. Each row of tissues has 2 fewer boxes than the row below. The first row has 23 boxes of tissues. a. Write a function to represent the arithmetic sequence. b. How many boxes will there be in the tenth row? Chapter 3 44 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 30 14. -5, -2, 1, 4, . . . NAME DATE 3-6 PERIOD Skills Practice Proportional and Nonproportional Relationships Write an equation in function notation for each relation. f (x) 1. x O 3. f(x) 2. 4. f (x) O x O f (x) x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. O 5. 6. f (x) f (x) x O O x x 7. GAMESHOWS The table shows how many points are awarded for answering consecutive questions on a gameshow. Question answered Points awarded 1 2 3 4 5 200 400 600 800 1000 a. Write an equation for the data given. b. Find the number of points awarded if 9 questions were answered. Chapter 3 45 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 3-6 PERIOD Practice Proportional and Nonproportional Relationships 1. BIOLOGY Male fireflies flash in various patterns to signal location and perhaps to ward off predators. Different species of fireflies have different flash characteristics, such as the intensity of the flash, its rate, and its shape. The table below shows the rate at which a male firefly is flashing. Times (seconds) 1 2 3 4 5 Number of Flashes 2 4 6 8 10 a. Write an equation in function notation for the relation. b. How many times will the firefly flash in 20 seconds? 2. GEOMETRY The table shows the number of diagonals that can be drawn from one vertex in a polygon. Write an equation in function notation for the relation and find the number of diagonals that can be drawn from one vertex in a 12-sided polygon. Sides 3 4 5 6 Diagonals 0 1 2 3 Write an equation in function notation for each relation. 3. 4. y y x x x O For each arithmetic sequence, determine the related function. Then determine if the function is proportional or nonproportional. Explain. 6. 1, 3, 5, . . . Chapter 3 7. 2, 7, 12, . . . 46 8. -3, -6, -9, . . . Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. O O 5. y NAME DATE 4-1 PERIOD Skills Practice Graphing Equations in Slope-Intercept Form Write an equation of a line in slope-intercept form with the given slope and y-intercept. 1. slope: 5, y-intercept: -3 2. slope: -2, y-intercept: 7 3. slope: -6, y-intercept: -2 4. slope: 7, y-intercept: 1 5. slope: 3, y-intercept: 2 6. slope: -4, y-intercept: -9 7. slope: 1, y-intercept: -12 8. slope: 0, y-intercept: 8 Write an equation in slope-intercept form for each graph shown. y 9. y 10. 11. y (0, 2) (2, 1) O x O x (2, –4) (0, –3) Graph each equation. 12. y = x + 4 13. y = -2x - 1 y (2, –3) 14. x + y = -3 y y x O O x x O 15. VIDEO RENTALS A video store charges $10 for a rental card plus $2 per rental. a. Write an equation in slope-intercept form for the total cost c of buying a rental card and renting m movies. b. Graph the equation. c. Find the cost of buying a rental card and 6 movies. Video Store Rental Costs c 20 Total Cost ($) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. x O (0, –1) 18 16 14 12 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 m Movies Rented Chapter 4 47 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 4-1 PERIOD Practice Graphing Equations in Slope-Intercept Form Write an equation of a line in slope-intercept form with the given slope and y-intercept. 1 1. slope: − , y-intercept: 3 3 2. slope: − , y-intercept: -4 3. slope: 1.5, y-intercept: -1 4. slope: -2.5, y-intercept: 3.5 4 2 Write an equation in slope-intercept form for each graph shown. y 5. y 6. (0, 2) (–5, 0) O y 7. (0, 3) (–3, 0) O (–2, 0) x x x O (0, –2) Graph each equation. 1 8. y = - − x+2 9. 3y = 2x - 6 2 y y O x 11. WRITING Carla has already written 10 pages of a novel. She plans to write 15 additional pages per month until she is finished. a. Write an equation to find the total number of pages P written after any number of months m. b. Graph the equation on the grid at the right. c. Find the total number of pages written after 5 months. Chapter 4 48 x O Carla’s Novel P 100 80 60 40 20 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 m Months Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. x Pages Written y O 10. 6x + 3y = 6 NAME DATE 4-2 PERIOD Skills Practice Writing Equations in Slope-Intercept Form Write an equation of the line that passes through the given point with the given slope. y 1. y 2. (–1, 4) x O m = –3 y 3. (4, 1) (-1, 2) m=2 m=1 x O x O 4. (1, 9); slope 4 5. (4, 2); slope -2 6. (2, -2); slope 3 7. (3, 0); slope 5 8. (-3, -2); slope 2 9. (-5, 4); slope -4 Write an equation of the line that passes through each pair of points. 10. y 11. y Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. (–2, 3) (1, 1) O x O y 12. x (–1, –3) (0, 3) x O (3, –2) (2, –1) 13. (1, 3), (-3, -5) 14. (1, 4), (6, -1) 15. (1, -1), (3, 5) 16. (-2, 4), (0, 6) 17. (3, 3), (1, -3) 18. (-1, 6), (3, -2) 19. INVESTING The price of a share of stock in XYZ Corporation was $74 two weeks ago. Seven weeks ago, the price was $59 a share. a. Write a linear equation to find the price p of a share of XYZ Corporation stock w weeks from now. b. Estimate the price of a share of stock five weeks ago. Chapter 4 49 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 4-2 PERIOD Practice Writing Equations in Slope-Intercept Form Write an equation of the line that passes through the given point and has the given slope. y 1. 2. (1, 2) m = –1 x O m=3 (–1, –3) m = –2 3 6. (1, -5); slope - − 4. (-5, 4); slope -3 1 5. (4, 3); slope − 2 7. (3, 7); slope − 1 5 8. -2, − ; slope - − 2 ( 7 x O (–2, 2) x O y 3. y 2 ) 2 2 9. (5, 0); slope 0 Write an equation of the line that passes through each pair of points. y 10. 11. 12. (–3, 1) O y x O (4, –2) (2, –4) (4, 1) x O (–1, –3) 13. (0, -4), (5, -4) 14. (-4, -2), (4, 0) 15. (-2, -3), (4, 5) 16. (0, 1), (5, 3) 17. (-3, 0), (1, -6) 18. (1, 0), (5, -1) 19. DANCE LESSONS The cost for 7 dance lessons is $82. The cost for 11 lessons is $122. Write a linear equation to find the total cost C for ℓ lessons. Then use the equation to find the cost of 4 lessons. 20. WEATHER It is 76°F at the 6000-foot level of a mountain, and 49°F at the 12,000-foot level of the mountain. Write a linear equation to find the temperature T at an elevation x on the mountain, where x is in thousands of feet. Chapter 4 50 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. x y (0, 5) NAME DATE 4-3 PERIOD Skills Practice Point-Slope Form Write an equation in point-slope form for the line that passes through the given point with the slope provided. y 1. 2. m = –1 3. y y x O m=3 O (–1, –2) x O (1, –2) x m=0 (2, –3) 4. (3, 1), m = 0 5. (-4, 6), m = 8 6. (1, -3), m = -4 7. (4, -6), m = 1 4 8. (3, 3), m = − 5 9. (-5, -1), m = - − 3 4 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Write each equation in standard form. 10. y + 1 = x + 2 11. y + 9 = -3(x - 2) 12. y - 7 = 4(x + 4) 13. y - 4 = -(x - 1) 14. y - 6 = 4(x + 3) 15. y + 5 = -5(x - 3) 16. y - 10 = -2(x - 3) 1 17. y - 2 = - − (x - 4) 1 18. y + 11 = − (x + 3) 2 3 Write each equation in slope-intercept form. 19. y - 4 = 3(x - 2) 20. y + 2 = -(x + 4) 21. y - 6 = -2(x + 2) 22. y + 1 = -5(x - 3) 23. y - 3 = 6(x - 1) 24. y - 8 = 3(x + 5) 1 25. y - 2 = − (x + 6) 1 26. y + 1 = - − (x + 9) 1 1 27. y - − =x+− 2 Chapter 4 3 51 2 2 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 4-3 DATE PERIOD Practice Point-Slope Form Write an equation in point-slope form for the line that passes through the given point with the slope provided. 1. (2, 2), m = -3 2. (1, -6), m = -1 3. (-3, -4), m = 0 3 4. (1, 3), m = - − 2 5. (-8, 5), m = - − 1 6. (3, -3), m = − 4 3 5 Write each equation in standard form. 7. y - 11 = 3(x - 2) 8. y - 10 = -(x - 2) 9. y + 7 = 2(x + 5) 3 10. y - 5 = − (x + 4) 3 11. y + 2 = - − (x + 1) 4 12. y - 6 = − (x - 3) 13. y + 4 = 1.5(x + 2) 14. y - 3 = -2.4(x - 5) 15. y - 4 = 2.5(x + 3) 2 4 3 Write each equation in slope-intercept form. 17. y + 1 = -7(x + 1) 3 19. y - 5 = − (x + 4) 1 1 20. y - − = -3 x + − 2 4 ( 4 18. y - 3 = -5(x + 12) ) ( ) 2 1 21. y - − = -2 x - − 3 4 22. CONSTRUCTION A construction company charges $15 per hour for debris removal, plus a one-time fee for the use of a trash dumpster. The total fee for 9 hours of service is $195. a. Write the point-slope form of an equation to find the total fee y for any number of hours x. b. Write the equation in slope-intercept form. c. What is the fee for the use of a trash dumpster? 23. MOVING There is a set daily fee for renting a moving truck, plus a charge of $0.50 per mile driven. It costs $64 to rent the truck on a day when it is driven 48 miles. a. Write the point-slope form of an equation to find the total charge y for any number of miles x for a one-day rental. b. Write the equation in slope-intercept form. c. What is the daily fee? Chapter 4 52 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 16. y + 2 = 4(x + 2) NAME DATE 4-4 PERIOD Skills Practice Parallel and Perpendicular Lines Write an equation in slope-intercept form for the line that passes through the given point and is parallel to the graph of each equation. y 1. y 2. 3. y = –x + 3 O (–2, –3) x (–2, 2) y x O x y = 2x - 1 O (1, –1) y=1x+1 2 4. (3, 2), y = 3x + 4 5. (-1, -2), y = -3x + 5 6. (-1, 1), y = x - 4 7. (1, -3), y = -4x - 1 8. (-4, 2), y = x + 3 1 9. (-4, 3), y = − x-6 2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 10. RADAR On a radar screen, a plane located at A(-2, 4) is flying toward B(4, 3). Another plane, located at C(-3, 1), is flying toward D(3, 0). Are the planes’ paths perpendicular? Explain. Determine whether the graphs of the following equations are parallel or perpendicular. Explain. 3 2 11. y = − x + 3, y = − x, 2x - 3y =8 3 2 12. y = 4x, x + 4 y = 12, 4x + y = 1 Write an equation in slope-intercept form for the line that passes through the given point and is perpendicular to the graph of each equation. 13. (-3, -2), y = x + 2 14. (4, -1), y = 2x - 4 15. (-1, -6), x + 3y = 6 16. (-4, 5), y = -4x - 1 1 17. (-2, 3), y = − x-4 1 18. (0, 0), y = − x-1 Chapter 4 4 53 2 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 4-4 DATE PERIOD Practice Parallel and Perpendicular Lines Write an equation in slope-intercept form for the line that passes through the given point and is parallel to the graph of each equation. 1. (3, 2), y = x + 5 2. (-2, 5), y = -4x + 2 3 3. (4, -6), y = - − x+1 2 4. (5, 4), y = − x-2 4 5. (12, 3), y = − x+5 6. (3, 1), 2x + y = 5 7. (-3, 4), 3y = 2x - 3 8. (-1, -2), 3x - y = 5 9. (-8, 2), 5x - 4y = 1 5 10. (-1, -4), 9x + 3y = 8 3 11. (-5, 6), 4x + 3y = 1 4 12. (3, 1), 2x + 5y = 7 Write an equation in slope-intercept form for the line that passes through the given point and is perpendicular to the graph of each equation. 14. (-6, 5), x - y = 5 15. (-4, -3), 4x + y = 7 16. (0, 1), x + 5y = 15 17. (2, 4), x - 6y = 2 18. (-1, -7), 3x + 12y = -6 19. (-4, 1), 4x + 7y = 6 20. (10, 5), 5x + 4y = 8 21. (4, -5), 2x - 5y = -10 22. (1, 1), 3x + 2y = -7 23. (-6, -5), 4x + 3y = -6 24. (-3, 5), 5x - 6y = 9 3 −− −−− 25. GEOMETRY Quadrilateral ABCD has diagonals AC and BD. −− −−− Determine whether AC is perpendicular to BD. Explain. A y O x D B C 26. GEOMETRY Triangle ABC has vertices A(0, 4), B(1, 2), and C(4, 6). Determine whether triangle ABC is a right triangle. Explain. Chapter 4 54 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 1 13. (-2, -2), y = - − x+9 NAME DATE 4-5 PERIOD Skills Practice Scatter Plots and Lines of Fit Determine whether each graph shows a positive correlation, a negative correlation, or no correlation. If there is a positive or negative correlation, describe its meaning in the situation. 1. Calories Burned During Exercise 2. Library Fines 7 600 6 Fines (dollars) Calories 500 400 300 200 100 0 5 4 3 2 1 10 20 30 40 50 60 0 1 2 3 Time (minutes) 3. Weight-Lifting 4. Revenue (hundreds of thousands) Repetitions 12 6 7 8 9 10 10 8 6 4 2 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 ’99 ’00 ’01 ’02 ’03 ’04 ’05 ’06 ’07 ’08 Year Weight (pounds) 5. BASEBALL The scatter plot shows the average price of a major-league baseball ticket from 1997 to 2006. a. Determine what relationship, if any, exists in the data. Explain. b. Use the points (1998, 13.60) and (2003, 19.00) to write the slope-intercept form of an equation for the line of fit shown in the scatter plot. Baseball Ticket Prices 24 Average Price ($) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 5 Car Dealership Revenue 14 0 4 Books Borrowed 22 20 18 16 14 12 0 c. Predict the price of a ticket in 2009. ’97 ’98 ’99 ’00 ’01 ’02 ’03 ’04 ’05 ’06 Year Source: Team Marketing Report, Chicago Chapter 4 55 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 4-5 PERIOD Practice Scatter Plots and Lines of Fit Determine whether each graph shows a positive correlation, a negative correlation, or no correlation. If there is a positive or negative correlation, describe its meaning in the situation. 2. 64 60 56 52 0 State Elevations Highest Point (thousands of feet) Temperature versus Rainfall Average Temperature (ºF) 1. 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 16 12 8 4 0 1000 2000 3000 Mean Elevation (feet) Average Annual Rainfall (inches) Source: U.S. Geological Survey Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 3. DISEASE The table shows the number of cases of Foodborne Botulism in the United States for the years 2001 to 2005. a. Draw a scatter plot and determine what relationship, if any, exists in the data. U.S. Foodborne Botulism Cases Year 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Cases 39 28 20 16 18 Source: Centers for Disease Control 50 b. Draw a line of fit for the scatter plot. c. Write the slope-intercept form of an equation for the line of fit. Cases 40 30 20 Sample 10 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Year 4. ZOOS The table shows the average and maximum longevity of various animals in captivity. a. Draw a scatter plot and determine what relationship, if any, exists in the data. Longevity (years) Avg. 12 25 15 8 35 40 41 20 Max. 47 50 40 20 70 77 61 54 Source: Walker’s Mammals of the World Animal Longevity (Years) 80 b. Draw a line of fit for the scatter plot. 70 Maximum 60 c. Write the slope-intercept form of an equation for the line of fit. d. Predict the maximum longevity for an animal with an average longevity of 33 years. 50 40 30 20 10 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Average Chapter 4 56 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. U.S. Foodborne Botulism Cases NAME 4-6 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Regression and Median-Fit Lines Write an equation of the regression line for the data in each table below. Then find the correlation coefficient. 1. SOCCER The table shows the number of goals a soccer team scored each season since 2002. Year 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 42 48 46 50 52 48 Goals Scored 2. PHYSICAL FITNESS The table shows the percentage of seventh grade students in public school who met all six of California’s physical fitness standards each year since 2002. Year Percentage 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 24.0% 36.4% 38.0% 40.8% 37.5% Source: California Department of Education 3. TAXES The table shows the estimated sales tax revenues, in billions of dollars, for Massachusetts each year since 2004. Year 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Tax Revenue 3.75 3.89 4.00 4.17 4.47 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Source: Beacon Hill Institute 4. PURCHASING The SureSave supermarket chain closely monitors how many diapers are sold each year so that they can reasonably predict how many diapers will be sold in the following year. Year Diapers Sold 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 60,200 65,000 66,300 65,200 70,600 a. Find an equation for the median-fit line. b. How many diapers should SureSave anticipate selling in 2008? 5. FARMING Some crops, such as barley, are very sensitive to how acidic the soil is. To determine the ideal level of acidity, a farmer measured how many bushels of barley he harvests in different fields with varying acidity levels. Soil Acidity (pH) Bushels Harvested 5.7 6.2 6.6 6.8 7.1 3 20 48 61 73 a. Find an equation for the regression line. b. According to the equation, how many bushels would the farmer harvest if the soil had a pH of 10? c. Is this a reasonable prediction? Explain. Chapter 4 57 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 4-6 DATE PERIOD Practice Regression and Median-Fit Lines Write an equation of the regression line for the data in each table below. Then find the correlation coefficient. 1. TURTLES The table shows the number of turtles hatched at a zoo each year since 2002. Year 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 21 17 16 16 14 Turtles Hatched 2. SCHOOL LUNCHES The table shows the percentage of students receiving free or reduced price school lunches in Marin County, California each year since 2003. Year Percentage 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 14.4% 15.8% 18.3% 18.6% 20.9% Source: KidsData 3. SPORTS Below is a table showing the number of students signed up to play lacrosse after school in each age group. Age 13 14 15 16 17 Lacrosse Players 17 14 6 9 12 Year 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 English Learners 1.600 1.599 1.592 1.570 1.569 Source: California Department of Education a. Find an equation for the median-fit line. b. Predict the number of students who were learning English in California in 2001. c. Predict the number of students who will be learning English in California in 2010. 5. POPULATION Detroit, Michigan, like a number of large cities, is losing population every year. Below is a table showing the population of Detroit each decade. Year 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Population (millions) 1.67 1.51 1.20 1.03 0.95 Source: U.S. Census Bureau a. Find an equation for the regression line. b. Find the correlation coefficient and explain the meaning of its sign. c. Estimate the population of Detroit in 2008. Chapter 4 58 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 4. LANGUAGE The State of California keeps track of how many millions of students are learning English as a second language each year. NAME 4-7 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Special Functions Graph each function. State the domain and range. 1. f (x) = x – 2 2. f (x) = 3x f (x) f(x) x 0 4. f (x) = |x| – 3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 7. f(x) = 5. f(x) = |2x| x { f(x) x x+4 if x ≤ 1 0.25x + 1 if x > 1 x 9. f(x) = { x+2 if x < 0 -0.5x + 1 if x ≥ 0 f(x) x 0 59 x 0 f(x) f (x) Chapter 4 6. f(x) = |2x + 5| 0 8. f(x) = x 0 f(x) {2x–x + 3 ifif xx ≤> 21 0 f(x) x 0 f (x) 0 3. f (x) = 2x 0 x Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 4-7 DATE PERIOD Practice Special Functions Graph each function. State the domain and range. 1. f(x) = -2x + 1 f (x) 4. f(x) = |2x + 4| - 3 5. f(x) = {2x + 4 ifif xx >≤ -- 11 6. f(x) = { –2x + 3 if x > 0 1 − x - 1 if x ≤ 0 2 f(x) x f (x) x 0 x 0 x 0 f (x) 0 f(x) f (x) x 0 1 3. f(x) = -|− x| + 1 2 2. f(x) = x + 3 - 2 x 0 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Determine the domain and range of each function. 8. y x 0 9. y 0 y x 10. CELL PHONES Jacob’s cell phone service costs $5 each month plus $0.35 for each minute he uses. Every fraction of a minute is rounded up to the next minute. a. Draw a graph to represent the cost of using the cell phone. b. What is Jacob’s monthly bill if he uses 124.8 minutes? x 0 Monthly Bill ($) 7. 7.50 7 6.50 6 5.50 5 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Minutes Used Chapter 4 60 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 5-1 PERIOD Skills Practice Solving Inequalities by Addition and Subtraction Match each inequality to the graph of its solution. 1. x + 11 > 16 a. 2. x - 6 < 1 b. 3. x + 2 ≤ -3 c. 4. x + 3 ≥ 1 d. 5. x - 1 < -7 e. -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 0 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Solve each inequality. Check your solution, and then graph it on a number line. 6. d - 5 ≤ 1 0 1 2 7. t + 9 < 8 3 4 5 6 7 8 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 8. a - 7 > -13 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9. w - 1 < 4 0 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 10. 4 ≥ k + 3 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 1 2 3 4 11. -9 ≤ b - 4 1 2 3 4 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 12. -2 ≥ x + 4 13. 2y < y + 2 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 Define a variable, write an inequality, and solve each problem. Check your solution. 14. A number decreased by 10 is greater than -5. 15. A number increased by 1 is less than 9. 16. Seven more than a number is less than or equal to -18. 17. Twenty less than a number is at least 15. 18. A number plus 2 is at most 1. Chapter 5 61 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 5-1 DATE PERIOD Practice Solving Inequalities by Addition and Subtraction Match each inequality with its corresponding graph. 1. -8 ≥ x - 15 a. 2. 4x + 3 < 5x b. 3. 8x > 7x - 4 c. 4. 12 + x ≤ 9 d. -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 7 8 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Solve each inequality. Check your solution, and then graph it on a number line. 6. 3x + 8 ≥ 4x 5. r - (-5) > -2 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 7. n - 2.5 ≥ -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 8. 1.5 < y + 1 1 2 3 4 3 1 10. − ≤c-− 2 9. z + 3 > − 3 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 2 2 1 2 3 4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 4 11. The sum of a number and 17 is no less than 26. 12. Twice a number minus 4 is less than three times the number. 13. Twelve is at most a number decreased by 7. 14. Eight plus four times a number is greater than five times the number. 15. ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE The troposphere extends from the Earth’s surface to a height of 6–12 miles, depending on the location and the season. If a plane is flying at an altitude of 5.8 miles, and the troposphere is 8.6 miles deep in that area, how much higher can the plane go without leaving the troposphere? 16. EARTH SCIENCE Mature soil is composed of three layers, the uppermost being topsoil. Jamal is planting a bush that needs a hole 18 centimeters deep for the roots. The instructions suggest an additional 8 centimeters depth for a cushion. If Jamal wants to add even more cushion, and the topsoil in his yard is 30 centimeters deep, how much more cushion can he add and still remain in the topsoil layer? Chapter 5 62 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Define a variable, write an inequality, and solve each problem. Check your solution. NAME DATE 5-2 PERIOD Skills Practice Solving Inequalities by Multiplication and Division Match each inequality with its corresponding statement. 1. 3n < 9 a. Three times a number is at most nine. 1 2. − n≥9 b. One third of a number is no more than nine. 3. 3n ≤ 9 c. Negative three times a number is more than nine. 4. -3n > 9 d. Three times a number is less than nine. 1 5. − n≤9 e. Negative three times a number is at least nine. 6. -3n ≥ 9 f. One third of a number is greater than or equal to nine. 3 3 Solve each inequality. Check your solution. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 7. 14g > 56 8. 11w ≤ 77 9. 20b ≥ -120 10. -8r < 16 p 7 11. -15p ≤ -90 x 12. − <9 a 13. − ≥ -15 14. - − > -9 t 15. - − ≥6 16. 5z < -90 17. -13m > -26 k 18. − ≤ -17 19. -y < 36 20. -16c ≥ -224 h 21. - − ≤2 d 22. 12 > − 12 4 9 10 5 12 Define a variable, write an inequality, and solve each problem. Check your solution. 23. Four times a number is greater than -48. 24. One eighth of a number is less than or equal to 3. 25. Negative twelve times a number is no more than 84. 26. Negative one sixth of a number is less than -9. 27. Eight times a number is at least 16. Chapter 5 63 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 5-2 PERIOD Practice Solving Inequalities by Multiplication and Division Match each inequality with its corresponding statement. 1. -4n ≥ 5 a. Negative four times a number is less than five. 4 n>5 2. − b. Four fifths of a number is no more than five. 3. 4n ≤ 5 c. Four times a number is fewer than five. 4 n≤5 4. − d. Negative four times a number is no less than five. 5. 4n < 5 e. Four times a number is at most five. 6. -4n < 5 f. Four fifths of a number is more than five. 5 5 Solve each inequality. Check your solution. a < -14 7. - − 5 8. -13h ≤ 52 b 9. − ≥ -6 16 10. 39 > 13p 2 11. − n > -12 5 12. - − t < 25 3 13. - − m ≤ -6 10 14. − k ≥ -10 15. -3b ≤ 0.75 16. -0.9c > -9 17. 0.1x ≥ -4 18. -2.3 < − 19. -15y < 3 20. 2.6v ≥ -20.8 21. 0 > -0.5u 7 22. − f ≤ -1 3 9 5 3 8 Define a variable, write an inequality, and solve each problem. Check your solution. 23. Negative three times a number is at least 57. 24. Two thirds of a number is no more than -10. 25. Negative three fifths of a number is less than -6. 26. FLOODING A river is rising at a rate of 3 inches per hour. If the river rises more than 2 feet, it will exceed flood stage. How long can the river rise at this rate without exceeding flood stage? 27. SALES Pet Supplies makes a profit of $5.50 per bag on its line of natural dog food. If the store wants to make a profit of no less than $5225 on natural dog food, how many bags of dog food does it need to sell? Chapter 5 64 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. j 4 NAME DATE 5-3 PERIOD Skills Practice Solving Multi-Step Inequalities Justify each indicated step. 3 − t - 3 ≥ -15 1. 2. 5(k + 8) - 7 ≤ 23 5k + 40 - 7 ≤ 23 5k + 33 ≤ 23 5k + 33 - 33 ≤ 23 - 33 5k ≤ -10 5k -10 −≤− 4 3 − t - 3 + 3 ≥ -15 + 3 4 a. ? 3 − t ≥ -12 4 4 4 3 − − t≥− (-12) 3 3 4 () b. ? 5 t ≥ -16 5 a. ? b. ? c. ? k ≤ -2 a. Add 3 to each side. 4 . b. Multiply each side by − a. Distributive Property b. Subtract 33 from each side. c. Divide each side by 5. 3 Solve each inequality. Check your solution. 3. -2b + 4 > -6 4. 3x + 15 ≤ 21 d -1≥3 5. − 2 6. − a-4<2 7. - −t + 7 > -4 3 8. − j - 10 ≥ 5 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 5 2 9. - − f + 3 < -9 3 12. 2(-3m - 5) ≥ -28 5 2 4 10. 2p + 5 ≥ 3p - 10 11. 4k + 15 > -2k + 3 13. -6(w + 1) < 2(w + 5) 14. 2(q - 3) + 6 ≤ -10 Define a variable, write an inequality, and solve each problem. Check your solution. 15. Four more than the quotient of a number and three is at least nine. 16. The sum of a number and fourteen is less than or equal to three times the number. 17. Negative three times a number increased by seven is less than negative eleven. 18. Five times a number decreased by eight is at most ten more than twice the number. 19. Seven more than five sixths of a number is more than negative three. 20. Four times the sum of a number and two increased by three is at least twenty-seven. Chapter 5 65 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 5-3 PERIOD Practice Solving Multi-Step Inequalities Justify each indicated step. 5x - 12 1. x>− 8 5x - 12 8x > (8) − 8 a. 2. ? 8x > 5x - 12 8x - 5x > 5x - 12 - 5x b. ? c. ? 3x > -12 3x -12 − >− 3 3 2(2h + 2) < 2(3h + 5) - 12 4h + 4 < 6h + 10 - 12 4h + 4 < 6h - 2 4h + 4 - 6h < 6h - 2 - 6h -2h + 4 < -2 -2h + 4 - 4 < -2 - 4 -2h < -6 -2h -6 − >− -2 -2 a. ? b. ? c. ? d. ? h>3 x > -4 Solve each inequality. Check your solution. 3. -5 - −t ≥ -9 6 2 5. 13 > − a-1 3 3f - 10 5 6. − < -8 7. − > 7 6h + 3 8. h ≤ − 9. 3(z + 1) + 11 < -2(z + 13) 5 10. 3r + 2(4r + 2) ≤ 2(6r + 1) 11. 5n - 3(n - 6) ≥ 0 Define a variable, write an inequality, and solve each problem. Check your solution. 12. A number is less than one fourth the sum of three times the number and four. 13. Two times the sum of a number and four is no more than three times the sum of the number and seven decreased by four. 14. GEOMETRY The area of a triangular garden can be no more than 120 square feet. The base of the triangle is 16 feet. What is the height of the triangle? 15. MUSIC PRACTICE Nabuko practices the violin at least 12 hours per week. She practices for three fourths of an hour each session. If Nabuko has already practiced 3 hours in one week, how many sessions remain to meet or exceed her weekly practice goal? Chapter 5 66 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. w+3 2 4. 4u - 6 ≥ 6u - 20 NAME DATE 5-4 PERIOD Skills Practice Solving Compound Inequalities Graph the solution set of each compound inequality. 1. b > 3 or b ≤ 0 2. z ≤ 3 and z ≥ -2 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 3. k > 1 and k > 5 0 1 2 3 4 5 ⫺4 ⫺3 ⫺2 ⫺1 0 1 2 3 4 4. y < -1 or y ≥ 1 6 7 8 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 -2 -1 0 2 3 4 5 6 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 Write a compound inequality for each graph. 5. 7. -4 -3 -2 -1 0 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 6. 8. 1 Solve each compound inequality. Then graph the solution set. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 9. m + 3 ≥ 5 and m + 3 < 7 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 11. 4 < f + 6 and f + 6 < 5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 1 2 3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 12. w + 3 ≤ 0 or w + 7 ≥ 9 4 13. -6 < b - 4 < 2 -2 -1 0 10. y - 5 < -4 or y - 5 ≥ 1 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 14. p - 2 ≤ -2 or p - 2 > 1 4 5 6 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 Define a variable, write an inequality, and solve each problem. Check your solution. 15. A number plus one is greater than negative five and less than three. 16. A number decreased by two is at most four or at least nine. 17. The sum of a number and three is no more than eight or is more than twelve. Chapter 5 67 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 5-4 PERIOD Practice Solving Compound Inequalities Graph the solution set of each compound inequality. 1. -4 ≤ n ≤ 1 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 3. g < -3 or g ≥ 4 1 2 2. x > 0 or x < 3 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 4. -4 ≤ p ≤ 4 Write a compound inequality for each graph. 5. 7. -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 -2 -1 0 3 4 5 6 1 2 6. 8. -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 Solve each compound inequality. Then graph the solution set. 9. k - 3 < -7 or k + 5 ≥ 8 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 3 4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 12. 2c - 4 > -6 and 3c + 1 < 13 Define a variable, write an inequality, and solve each problem. Check your solution. 13. Two times a number plus one is greater than five and less than seven. 14. A number minus one is at most nine, or two times the number is at least twenty-four. 15. METEOROLOGY Strong winds called the prevailing westerlies blow from west to east in a belt from 40° to 60° latitude in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. a. Write an inequality to represent the latitude of the prevailing westerlies. b. Write an inequality to represent the latitudes where the prevailing westerlies are not located. 16. NUTRITION A cookie contains 9 grams of fat. If you eat no fewer than 4 and no more than 7 cookies, how many grams of fat will you consume? Chapter 5 68 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 11. 5 < 3h + 2 ≤ 11 2 10. -n < 2 or 2n - 3 > 5 NAME DATE 5-5 PERIOD Skills Practice Inequalities Involving Absolute Value Match each open sentence with the graph of its solution set. 1. x > 2 a. 2. x - 2 ≤ 3 b. 3. x + 1 < 4 c. -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 2 3 4 5 6 1 Express each statement using an inequality involving absolute value. 4. The weatherman predicted that the temperature would be within 3° of 52°F. 5. Serena will make the B team if she scores within 8 points of the team average of 92. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 6. The dance committee expects attendance to number within 25 of last year’s 87 students. Solve each inequality. Then graph the solution set. 8. c - 3 < 1 7. x + 1 < 0 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 9. n + 2 ≥ 1 1 2 3 4 11. w - 2 < 2 Chapter 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 10. t + 6 > 4 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 -3 -2 -1 0 -10 -9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 12. k - 5 ≤ 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 69 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 5-5 PERIOD Practice Inequalities Involving Absolute Value Match each open sentence with the graph of its solution set. 1. x - 3 ≥ 1 a. 2. 2x + 1 < 5 b. 3. 5 - x ≥ 3 c. -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 -2 -1 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 Express each statement using an inequality involving absolute value. 4. The height of the plant must be within 2 inches of the standard 13-inch show size. 5. The majority of grades in Sean’s English class are within 4 points of 85. Solve each inequality. Then graph the solution set. 7. |3 - 2r| > 7 6. |2z - 9| ≤ 1 1 2 3 4 5 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 4 5 6 7 8 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 0 1 2 6 7 9. |2g - 5| ≥ 9 8. |3t + 6| < 9 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 Write an open sentence involving absolute value for each graph. 10. 12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 11. 13. -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 14. RESTAURANTS The menu at Jeanne’s favorite restaurant states that the roasted chicken with vegetables entree typically contains 480 Calories. Based on the size of the chicken, the actual number of Calories in the entree can vary by as many as 40 Calories from this amount. a. Write an absolute value inequality to represent the situation. b. What is the range of the number of Calories in the chicken entree? Chapter 5 70 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 NAME DATE 5-6 PERIOD Skills Practice Graphing Inequalities in Two Variables Match each inequality to the graph of its solution. 1. y - 2x < 2 a. b. y y 2. y ≤ -3x O 3. 2y - x ≥ 4 O x x 4. x + y > 1 c. d. y O y O x x Graph each inequality. 5. y < -1 6. y ≥ x - 5 y 7. y > 3x y y x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. O x O 8. y ≤ 2x + 4 9. y + x > 3 y 10. y - x ≥ 1 y x O x O y x O x O Use a graph to solve each inequality. 11. 1 > 2x + 5 2 y x 0 Chapter 5 2 y y O 1 1 < -− x+1 13. - − 12. 7 ≤ 3x + 4 0 x x 71 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 5-6 PERIOD Practice Graphing Inequalities in Two Variables Determine which ordered pairs are part of the solution set for each inequality. 1. 3x + y ≥ 6, {(4, 3), (-2, 4), (-5, -3), (3, -3)} 2. y ≥ x + 3, {(6, 3), (-3, 2), (3, -2), (4, 3)} 3. 3x - 2y < 5, {(4, -4), (3, 5), (5, 2), (-3, 4)} Graph each inequality. 4. 2y - x < -4 5. 2x - 2y ≥ 8 y y 6. 3y > 2x - 3 y x O x O x O Use a graph to solve each inequality. 3 2 2 y y y x x O 0 x 10. MOVING A moving van has an interior height of 7 feet (84 inches). You have boxes in 12 inch and 15 inch heights, and want to stack them as high as possible to fit. Write an inequality that represents this situation. 11. BUDGETING Satchi found a used bookstore that sells pre-owned videos and CDs. Videos cost $9 each, and CDs cost $7 each. Satchi can spend no more than $35. a. Write an inequality that represents this situation. b. Does Satchi have enough money to buy 2 videos and 3 CDs? Chapter 5 72 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. O 7 1 9. − > -2 x + − 2 x+5 8. 6 > − 7. -5 ≤ x - 9 NAME 6-1 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Graphing Systems of Equations Use the graph at the right to determine whether each system is consistent or inconsistent and if it is independent or dependent. 1. y = x - 1 y = -x + 1 x - y = -4 2. x - y = -4 y=x+4 3. y = x + 4 2x - 2y = 2 y y=x+4 2x - 2y = 2 x O y = -x + 1 y=x-1 4. y = 2x - 3 2x - 2y = 2 y = 2x - 3 Graph each system and determine the number of solutions that it has. If it has one solution, name it. 5. 2x - y = 1 y = -3 6. x = 1 2x + y = 4 y y x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. O 8. y = x + 2 x - y = -2 y x O 9. x + 3y = -3 x - 3y = -3 y 11. x - y = 3 x O 13. y = 2x + 3 1 y=-− x+2 3y = 6x - 6 2 y y y x x O Chapter 6 y 12. x + 2y = 4 x - 2y = 3 O 10. y - x = -1 x+y=3 x O x O y x O 7. 3x + y = -3 3x + y = 3 73 O x Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 6-1 DATE PERIOD Practice Graphing Systems of Equations y Use the graph at the right to determine whether each system is consistent or inconsistent and if it is independent or dependent. 1. x + y = 3 x + y = -3 2. 2x - y = -3 4x - 2y = -6 3. x + 3y = 3 x + y = -3 x + 3y = 3 2x - y = -3 x+y=3 x O 4x - 2y = -6 x + y = -3 4. x + 3y = 3 2x - y = -3 Graph each system and determine the number of solutions that it has. If it has one solution, name it. 5. 3x - y = -2 3x - y = 0 6. y = 2x - 3 4x = 2y + 6 y y x O x a. Graph the system of equations y = 0.5x + 20 and y = 1.5x to represent the situation. b. How many treats does Nick need to sell per week to break even? 40 Dog Treats 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Sales ($) 9. SALES A used book store also started selling used CDs and videos. In the first week, the store sold 40 used CDs and videos, at $4.00 per CD and $6.00 per video. The sales for both CDs and videos totaled $180.00 a. Write a system of equations to represent the situation. b. Graph the system of equations. c. How many CDs and videos did the store sell in the first week? Chapter 6 74 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 8. BUSINESS Nick plans to start a home-based business producing and selling gourmet dog treats. He figures it will cost $20 in operating costs per week plus $0.50 to produce each treat. He plans to sell each treat for $1.50. Cost ($) O 7. x + 2y = 3 3x - y = -5 NAME 6-2 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Substitution Use substitution to solve each system of equations. 1. y = 4x x+y=5 2. y = 2x x + 3y = -14 3. y = 3x 2x + y = 15 4. x = -4y 3x + 2y = 20 5. y = x - 1 x+y=3 6. x = y - 7 x + 8y = 2 7. y = 4x - 1 y = 2x - 5 8. y = 3x + 8 5x + 2y = 5 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 9. 2x - 3y = 21 y=3-x 10. y = 5x - 8 4x + 3y = 33 11. x + 2y = 13 3x - 5y = 6 12. x + 5y = 4 3x + 15y = -1 13. 3x - y = 4 2x - 3y = -9 14. x + 4y = 8 2x - 5y = 29 15. x - 5y = 10 2x - 10y = 20 16. 5x - 2y = 14 2x - y = 5 17. 2x + 5y = 38 x - 3y = -3 18. x - 4y = 27 3x + y = -23 19. 2x + 2y = 7 x - 2y = -1 20. 2.5x + y = -2 3x + 2y = 0 Chapter 6 75 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 6-2 DATE PERIOD Practice Substitution Use substitution to solve each system of equations. 1. y = 6x 2x + 3y = -20 2. x = 3y 3x - 5y = 12 3. x = 2y + 7 x=y+4 4. y = 2x - 2 y=x+2 5. y = 2x + 6 2x - y = 2 6. 3x + y = 12 y = -x - 2 7. x + 2y = 13 -2x - 3y = -18 8. x - 2y = 3 4x - 8y = 12 9. x - 5y = 36 2x + y = -16 10. 2x - 3y = -24 x + 6y = 18 11. x + 14y = 84 2x - 7y = -7 12. 0.3x - 0.2y = 0.5 x - 2y = -5 13. 0.5x + 4y = -1 14. 3x - 2y = 11 1 15. − x + 2y = 12 1 x-− y=4 2 x + 2.5y = 3.5 1 16. − x-y=3 3 17. 4x - 5y = -7 2x + y = 25 y = 5x 2 x - 2y = 6 18. x + 3y = -4 2x + 6y = 5 a. Write a system of equations to represent the situation. b. What is the total price of the athletic shoes Kenisha needs to sell to earn the same income from each pay scale? c. Which is the better offer? 20. MOVIE TICKETS Tickets to a movie cost $7.25 for adults and $5.50 for students. A group of friends purchased 8 tickets for $52.75. a. Write a system of equations to represent the situation. b. How many adult tickets and student tickets were purchased? Chapter 6 76 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 19. EMPLOYMENT Kenisha sells athletic shoes part-time at a department store. She can earn either $500 per month plus a 4% commission on her total sales, or $400 per month plus a 5% commission on total sales. NAME 6-3 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Elimination Using Addition and Subtraction Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Use elimination to solve each system of equations. 1. x - y = 1 x+y=3 2. -x + y = 1 x + y = 11 3. x + 4y = 11 x - 6y = 11 4. -x + 3y = 6 x + 3y = 18 5. 3x + 4y = 19 3x + 6y = 33 6. x + 4y = -8 x - 4y = -8 7. 3x + 4y = 2 4x - 4y = 12 8. 3x - y = -1 -3x - y = 5 9. 2x - 3y = 9 -5x - 3y = 30 10. x - y = 4 2x + y = -4 11. 3x - y = 26 -2x - y = -24 12. 5x - y = -6 -x + y = 2 13. 6x - 2y = 32 4x - 2y = 18 14. 3x + 2y = -19 -3x - 5y = 25 15. 7x + 4y = 2 7x + 2y = 8 16. 2x - 5y = -28 4x + 5y = 4 17. The sum of two numbers is 28 and their difference is 4. What are the numbers? 18. Find the two numbers whose sum is 29 and whose difference is 15. 19. The sum of two numbers is 24 and their difference is 2. What are the numbers? 20. Find the two numbers whose sum is 54 and whose difference is 4. 21. Two times a number added to another number is 25. Three times the first number minus the other number is 20. Find the numbers. Chapter 6 77 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 6-3 DATE PERIOD Practice Elimination Using Addition and Subtraction Use elimination to solve each system of equations. 1. x - y = 1 x + y = -9 2. p + q = -2 p-q=8 3. 4x + y = 23 3x - y = 12 4. 2x + 5y = -3 2x + 2y = 6 5. 3x + 2y = -1 4x + 2y = -6 6. 5x + 3y = 22 5x - 2y = 2 7. 5x + 2y = 7 -2x + 2y = -14 8. 3x - 9y = -12 3x - 15y = -6 9. -4c - 2d = -2 2c - 2d = -14 11. 7x + 2y = 2 7x - 2y = -30 12. 4.25x - 1.28y = -9.2 x + 1.28y = 17.6 13. 2x + 4y = 10 x - 4y = -2.5 14. 2.5x + y = 10.7 2.5x + 2y = 12.9 15. 6m - 8n = 3 2m - 8n = -3 16. 4a + b = 2 4 1 17. -− x-− y = -2 3 1 18. − x-− y=8 4a + 3b = 10 3 3 1 2 − x-− y=4 3 3 4 2 3 1 −x + − y = 19 2 2 19. The sum of two numbers is 41 and their difference is 5. What are the numbers? 20. Four times one number added to another number is 36. Three times the first number minus the other number is 20. Find the numbers. 21. One number added to three times another number is 24. Five times the first number added to three times the other number is 36. Find the numbers. 22. LANGUAGES English is spoken as the first or primary language in 78 more countries than Farsi is spoken as the first language. Together, English and Farsi are spoken as a first language in 130 countries. In how many countries is English spoken as the first language? In how many countries is Farsi spoken as the first language? 23. DISCOUNTS At a sale on winter clothing, Cody bought two pairs of gloves and four hats for $43.00. Tori bought two pairs of gloves and two hats for $30.00. What were the prices for the gloves and hats? Chapter 6 78 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 10. 2x - 6y = 6 2x + 3y = 24 NAME 6-4 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Elimination Using Multiplication Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Use elimination to solve each system of equations. 1. x + y = -9 5x - 2y = 32 2. 3x + 2y = -9 x - y = -13 3. 2x + 5y = 3 -x + 3y = -7 4. 2x + y = 3 -4x - 4y = -8 5. 4x - 2y = -14 3x - y = -8 6. 2x + y = 0 5x + 3y = 2 7. 5x + 3y = -10 3x + 5y = -6 8. 2x + 3y = 14 3x - 4y = 4 9. 2x - 3y = 21 5x - 2y = 25 10. 3x + 2y = -26 4x - 5y = -4 11. 3x - 6y = -3 2x + 4y = 30 12. 5x + 2y = -3 3x + 3y = 9 13. Two times a number plus three times another number equals 13. The sum of the two numbers is 7. What are the numbers? 14. Four times a number minus twice another number is -16. The sum of the two numbers is -1. Find the numbers. 15. FUNDRAISING Trisha and Byron are washing and vacuuming cars to raise money for a class trip. Trisha raised $38 washing 5 cars and vacuuming 4 cars. Byron raised $28 by washing 4 cars and vacuuming 2 cars. Find the amount they charged to wash a car and vacuum a car. Chapter 6 79 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 6-4 DATE PERIOD Practice Elimination Using Multiplication Use elimination to solve each system of equations. 1. 2x - y = -1 3x - 2y = 1 2. 5x - 2y = -10 3x + 6y = 66 3. 7x + 4y = -4 5x + 8y = 28 4. 2x - 4y = -22 3x + 3y = 30 5. 3x + 2y = -9 5x - 3y = 4 6. 4x - 2y = 32 -3x - 5y = -11 7. 3x + 4y = 27 8. 0.5x + 0.5y = -2 3 9. 2x - − y = -7 x - 0.25y = 6 10. 6x - 3y = 21 2x + 2y = 22 11. 3x + 2y = 11 2x + 6y = -2 12. -3x + 2y = -15 2x - 4y = 26 13. Eight times a number plus five times another number is -13. The sum of the two numbers is 1. What are the numbers? 14. Two times a number plus three times another number equals 4. Three times the first number plus four times the other number is 7. Find the numbers. 15. FINANCE Gunther invested $10,000 in two mutual funds. One of the funds rose 6% in one year, and the other rose 9% in one year. If Gunther’s investment rose a total of $684 in one year, how much did he invest in each mutual fund? 16. CANOEING Laura and Brent paddled a canoe 6 miles upstream in four hours. The return trip took three hours. Find the rate at which Laura and Brent paddled the canoe in still water. 17. NUMBER THEORY The sum of the digits of a two-digit number is 11. If the digits are reversed, the new number is 45 more than the original number. Find the number. Chapter 6 80 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 5x - 3y = 16 4 1 x + −y = 0 2 NAME 6-5 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Applying Systems of Linear Equations Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Determine the best method to solve each system of equations. Then solve the system. 1. 5x + 3y = 16 3x – 5y = -4 2. 3x – 5y = 7 2x + 5y = 13 3. y = 3x - 24 5x - y = 8 4. -11x – 10y = 17 5x – 7y = 50 5. 4x + y = 24 5x - y = 12 6. 6x – y = -145 x = 4 – 2y 7. VEGETABLE STAND A roadside vegetable stand sells pumpkins for $5 each and squashes for $3 each. One day they sold 6 more squash than pumpkins, and their sales totaled $98. Write and solve a system of equations to find how many pumpkins and squash they sold? 8. INCOME Ramiro earns $20 per hour during the week and $30 per hour for overtime on the weekends. One week Ramiro earned a total of $650. He worked 5 times as many hours during the week as he did on the weekend. Write and solve a system of equations to determine how many hours of overtime Ramiro worked on the weekend. 9. BASKETBALL Anya makes 14 baskets during her game. Some of these baskets were worth 2-points and others were worth 3-points. In total, she scored 30 points. Write and solve a system of equations to find how 2-points baskets she made. Chapter 6 81 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 6-5 DATE PERIOD Practice Applying Systems of Linear Equations Determine the best method to solve each system of equations. Then solve the system. 1. 1.5x – 1.9y = -29 x – 0.9y = 4.5 2. 1.2x – 0.8y = -6 4.8x + 2.4y = 60 3. 18x –16y = -312 78x –16y = 408 4. 14x + 7y = 217 14x + 3y = 189 5. x = 3.6y + 0.7 2x + 0.2y = 38.4 6. 5.3x – 4y = 43.5 x + 7y = 78 7. BOOKS A library contains 2000 books. There are 3 times as many non-fiction books as fiction books. Write and solve a system of equations to determine the number of nonfiction and fiction books. 9. Tia and Ken each sold snack bars and magazine subscriptions for a school fund-raiser, as shown in the table. Tia earned $132 and Ken earned $190. Number Sold Tia Ken Item snack bars 16 20 magazine subscriptions 4 6 a. Define variable and formulate a system of linear equation from this situation. b. What was the price per snack bar? Determine the reasonableness of your solution. Chapter 6 82 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 8. SCHOOL CLUBS The chess club has 16 members and gains a new member every month. The film club has 4 members and gains 4 new members every month. Write and solve a system of equations to find when the number of members in both clubs will be equal. NAME DATE 6-6 PERIOD Skills Practice Organizing Data Using Matrices State the dimensions of each matrix. Then identify the element in each matrix. ⎡ 0 3⎤ ⎡ 1 -1 3 1. -4 1 2. 2 0 -1 ⎣ 2 7⎦ ⎣-5 6 2 ⎢ ⎡-1 5 3. -2 ⎣ 1 4⎤ 0 7 2⎦ position of the circled ⎢ 8 0⎤ 7 -4 0 1⎦ ⎡ 2 -3 1 0⎤ 4 1 -2 9 4. 10 5 0 -1 ⎣ 3 8 -7 3⎦ ⎢ ⎢ Perform the indicated matrix operations. If the matrix does not exist, write impossible. ⎡5 -1⎤ ⎡ 0 2⎤ 5. ⎢ +⎢ ⎣4 -2⎦ ⎣-3 2⎦ ⎡ 1 3⎤ ⎡0 1⎤ 6. ⎢ -⎢ ⎣-4 9⎦ ⎣2 2⎦ ⎡ 9 1⎤ ⎡ 2⎤ 0 -3 7 7. 0 -2 1 ⎣ 1 2⎦ ⎣-4⎦ ⎡2 -1 3⎤ ⎡ 1 5 -2⎤ 8. 4 0 1 + 0 1 4 ⎣5 -2 1⎦ ⎣-1 3 0⎦ Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. ⎢ ⎢ ⎢ ⎢ ⎡ 8 -3⎤ 10. -2 0 1 ⎣-2 5⎦ ⎡1 -2 0⎤ 9. 3⎢ ⎣4 1 5⎦ ⎢ ⎡1 -4⎤ ⎡ 1 0 -2 3 1⎤ 11. 5⎢ 12. 4⎢ ⎣0 3⎦ ⎣-4 5 2 -1 0⎦ 13. WEATHER The temperatures observed on different days in different cities are shown in the table at the right. a. Write a matrix to organize the temperatures. City Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Las Vegas 94˚F 99˚F 101˚F 98˚F 89˚F Phoenix 92˚F 86˚F 99˚F 104˚F 101˚F b. What are the dimensions of the matrix? c. Which day and location had the highest temperature? lowest temperature? Chapter 6 83 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 6-6 PERIOD Practice Organizing Data Using Matrices Exercises State the dimensions of each matrix. Then identify the position of the circled element in each matrix. ⎡ 14 -2 5⎤ ⎡0 1 -4 9⎤ 1. ⎢ 2. 9 1 0 ⎣2 7 0 -3⎦ ⎣-6 20 3⎦ ⎢ ⎡ 9 1 0 0⎤ 3. -3 2 -4 1 ⎣-6 4 1 4⎦ ⎢ 4. [3 -2 6 1 1] Perform the indicated matrix operations. If the matrix does not exist, write impossible. ⎡ 0 3⎤ ⎡7 1⎤ 5. ⎢ +⎢ ⎣-1 8⎦ ⎣2 1⎦ ⎡3 2⎤ ⎡ 6 -3⎤ 6. ⎢ -⎢ ⎣1 -4⎦ ⎣-1 2⎦ ⎡6 -2 1⎤ ⎡1 5 -3⎤ 7. ⎢ -⎢ ⎣3 4 0⎦ ⎣2 -1 4⎦ ⎡7 -1 3⎤ 8. 0 2 -4 [3 -2 6 1 1] ⎣3 1 5⎦ -1 3 0] ⎡ 0 2 -1 7⎤ 4 1 0 2 11. 5 -3 1 9 -4 ⎣ 0 -2 6 1⎦ ⎢ ⎡ 2 -1 5⎤ 10. 6⎢ ⎣-3 2 -1⎦ ⎡ 2 11 -5 4⎤ 12. -2 -1 0 6 3 ⎣ 9 -2 1 0⎦ ⎢ 13. FOOD SALES The daily sales at various City fast food restaurants in various cities are shown in the table below. Dulles a. Write a matrix to organize the sales data. McPizza Burger Hut QuikSubs $25,000 $17,400 $21,000 Fitchburg $ 3,600 $ 4,400 $ 5,900 Newton $ 19,200 $ 20,100 $ 17,400 b. What are the dimensions of the matrix? c. In which city does Burger Hut sell more food than its competitors? Chapter 6 84 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 9. -2[4 ⎢ NAME 6-7 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Using Matrices to Solve Systems of Equations Write an augmented matrix for each system of equations. 1. 8x - y = 1 x + 2y = -4 2. 5x - 2y =12 2x + y = 8 3. -2x + 5y = 4 4y = 8 4. -3x + 4y = 22 2x - 3y = 6 5. x + 2y = 4 3x - y = 5 6. 2x - 2y = 6 3x = 12 7. -x + 5y = 0 3x + 2y = 12 8. x - 10y = -16 3x + 2y = 6 9. 2x = 6 x + 4y = 11 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Use an augmented matrix to solve each system of equations. 10. 2x - y = -2 3x + y = 17 13. 5x - 2y = 20 -x + y = -4 16. 3x - 3y = 36 x + 2y = 3 Chapter 6 11. x + 4y = 19 12. -x + 3y =-11 -3x -2y = -7 14. -2x - 4y = 2 7x = 14 17. 2x - y = 5 x + y = -5 85 2x - y = 7 15. 9x + y = 6 -2x + 2y = -8 18. 4x + y = -13 2x - 5y = 21 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 6-7 DATE PERIOD Practice Using Matrices to Solve Systems of Equations Exercises Write an augmented matrix for each system of equations. 1. 4x - 2y = 10 x + 8y = -22 2. -12y = 6 3x + 2y = 11 3. x + y = 10 2y - 3y = 0 4. -x + 2y = 8 3x - y = 5 5. 4x - y = 11 2x - 3y = 3 6. 2x = 9 x - 5y = -5.5 Write a system of equations for each augmented matrix. ⎡2 0 ⎢ 8⎤ 7. ⎢ ⎢ ⎣3 4 ⎢ -2⎦ ⎡ 1 1 ⎢ 9⎤ 8. ⎢ ⎢ ⎣-2 3 ⎢ -3⎦ ⎡2 3 ⎢ -6⎤ 9. ⎢ ⎢ ⎣1 -4 ⎢ -14⎦ Use an augmented matrix to solve each system of equations. 11. 2x + 5y =1 -x - y = -2 12. 2x + 3y = 0 -x + 2y = 14 13. 2x - y = 3 7x + y = 24 14. 2x - y = 4 9x - 3y = 12 15. 4x - y = 7 -2x + 3y = -16 16. COMMUTER RAIL The cost of a commuter rail ticket varies with the distance traveled. This month, Marcelo bought 5 round-trip tickets to visit his grandmother and 3 roundtrip tickets to his friend’s house for $31.50. Last month, Marcelo bought 2 round-trip tickets to visit his grandmother and 6 round-trip tickets to visit his friend’s house for $27.00. a. Write a system of linear equations to represent the situations. b. Write the augmented matrix. c. What is the cost of each type of ticket? Chapter 6 86 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 10. 4x - y = 4 3y = 12 NAME 6-8 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Systems of Inequalities Solve each system of inequalities by graphing. 1. x > -1 y ≤ -3 2. y > 2 x < -2 3. y > x + 3 y ≤ -1 y y O O x 4. x < 2 y-x≤2 x 5. x + y ≤ -1 x+y≥3 O O O y x O x 7. y > x + 1 y ≥ -x + 1 8. y ≥ -x + 2 y < 2x - 2 y y O O x x 6. y - x > 4 x+y>2 y y Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. y x 9. y < 2x + 4 y≥x+1 y x O x Write a system of inequalities for each graph. 10. O Chapter 6 11. y x 12. y x O 87 y O x Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 6-8 DATE PERIOD Practice Systems of Inequalities Solve each system of inequalities by graphing. 1. y > x - 2 y≤x 2. y ≥ x + 2 y > 2x + 3 y y O O x 4. y < 2x - 1 y>2-x y x 5. y > x - 4 2x + y ≤ 2 O x 6. 2x - y ≥ 2 x - 2y ≥ 2 y y y O O 3. x + y ≥ 1 x + 2y > 1 x O x b. List three possible combinations of working out and walking that meet Diego’s goals. 14 Walking (miles) a. Make a graph to show the number of hours Diego works out at the gym and the number of miles he walks per week. Diego’s Routine 16 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Gym (hours) 7 8 8. SOUVENIRS Emily wants to buy turquoise stones on her trip to New Mexico to give to at least 4 of her friends. The gift shop sells stones for either $4 or $6 per stone. Emily has no more than $30 to spend. a. Make a g¡raph showing the numbers of each price of stone Emily can purchase. b. List three possible solutions. Chapter 6 88 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 7. FITNESS Diego started an exercise program in which each week he works out at the gym between 4.5 and 6 hours and walks between 9 and 12 miles. x NAME 7-1 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Multiplying Monomials Determine whether each expression is a monomial. Write yes or no. Explain. 1. 11 2. a - b p2 r 3. −2 4. y 5. j3k 6. 2a + 3b Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Simplify. 7. a2(a3)(a6) 8. x(x2)(x7) 9. (y2z)(yz2) 10. (ℓ2k2)(ℓ3k) 11. (a2b4)(a2b2) 12. (cd2)(c3d2) 13. (2x2)(3x5) 14. (5a7)(4a2) 15. (4xy3)(3x3y5) 16. (7a5b2)(a2b3) 17. (-5m3)(3m8) 18. (-2c4d)(-4cd) 19. (102)3 20. (p3)12 21. (-6p)2 22. (-3y)3 23. (3pr2)2 24. (2b3c4)2 GEOMETRY Express the area of each figure as a monomial. 25. 26. 27. x2 x5 Chapter 7 cd cd 89 4p 9p3 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 7-1 PERIOD Practice Multiplying Monomials Determine whether each expression is a monomial. Write yes or no. Explain your reasoning. 21a 2 1. − 7b b 3c 2 2. − 2 Simplify each expression. 3. (-5x2y)(3x4) 4. (2ab2f 2)(4a3b2f 2) 5. (3ad4)(-2a2) 6. (4g3h)(-2g5) ( ) 1 3 7. (-15xy 4) - − xy 3 ( 8. (-xy)3(xz) ) 1 9. (-18m 2n) 2 - − mn 2 (3 ) 2 11. − p 6 10. (0.2a2b3)2 2 (4 ) 1 12. − ad 3 13. (0.4k3)3 2 14. [(42)2]2 GEOMETRY Express the area of each figure as a monomial. 15. 16. 17. 6ab 3 6a2b4 4a2b GEOMETRY Express the volume of each solid as a monomial. 18. 19. n 3h2 m3n 3h2 mn3 20. 3g 7g2 3h2 21. COUNTING A panel of four light switches can be set in 24 ways. A panel of five light switches can set in twice this many ways. In how many ways can five light switches be set? 22. HOBBIES Tawa wants to increase her rock collection by a power of three this year and then increase it again by a power of two next year. If she has 2 rocks now, how many rocks will she have after the second year? Chapter 7 90 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 5x3 3ab2 NAME DATE 7-2 PERIOD Skills Practice Dividing Monomials Simplify each expression. Assume that no denominator equals zero. 65 1. − 4 9 12 2. − 8 x4 3. − 2 r 3t 2 4. − 3 4 m 5. − 3 m 9d 7 6. − 6 12n 5 7. − 36n w 4x 3 8. − 4 a 3b 5 9. − 2 m 7p 2 10. − 3 2 6 9 x rt 3d wx ab mp -21w 5x 2 11. − 4 5 7w x ( ) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 4p 7 7r 32x 3y 2z 5 -8xyz 12. − 2 2 13. −2 14. 4-4 15. 8-2 5 16. − (3) ( 11 ) 9 17. − -1 19. k0(k4)(k-6) -2 h3 18. − -6 h 20. k-1(ℓ-6)(m3) ( 16p 5w 2 − 2p 3w 3 f -7 f 22. 23. − -2 f -5g 4 h 24. − -11 -15t 0u -1 25. − 3 26. − 5 6 21. − 4 5u Chapter 7 ) 0 15x 6y -9 5xy 48x 6y 7z 5 -6xy z 91 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 7-2 PERIOD Practice Dividing Monomials Simplify each expression. Assume that no denominator equals zero. 8 xy 2 8 a 4b 6 2. − 3 3. − xy m 5np mp 5c 2d 3 5. − 2 6. − 6 5 8 1. − 4 ab 4. − 4 ( 4f3hg ) 3 -4c d 3 7. − 6 10. x3(y-5)(x-8) (7) 3 13. − 8y 7z 6 4y z -2 ( 5 7p r 2 -4x 2 9. − 5 24x 11. p(q-2)(r-3) (3) 4 14. − -15w 0u -1 16. − 3 ) 6w 8. − 6 3 -4 12. 12-2 22r 3s 2 15. − 2 -3 11r s ( ) 8c 3d 2f 4 4c d f x -3y 5 4 17. − -1 2 -3 18. − -3 19. − -2 -5 3 -12t -1u 5x -4 20. − -3 5 r 21. − 3 m -2n -5 22. − 4 3 -1 23. − 3 3 5u 6f -2g 3h 5 54f g h ( ) q -1r 3 qr 25. − -2 -5 ( j -1k 3) -4 jk ( c dh ) 7c -3d 3 26. − 5 -4 4 (3r) (2a -2b) -3 5a b 24. − 2 4 -1 ( 2x 3y 2z 3x yz ) -2 27. − 4 -2 28. BIOLOGY A lab technician draws a sample of blood. A cubic millimeter of the blood contains 223 white blood cells and 225 red blood cells. What is the ratio of white blood cells to red blood cells? 29. COUNTING The number of three-letter “words” that can be formed with the English alphabet is 263. The number of five-letter “words” that can be formed is 265. How many times more five-letter “words” can be formed than three-letter “words”? Chapter 7 92 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. (m n ) 2t ux 0 NAME 7-3 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Scientific Notation Express each number in scientific notation. 1. 3,400,000,000 2. 0.000000312 3. 2,091,000 4. 980,200,000,000,000 5. 0.00000000008 6. 0.00142 Express each number in standard form. 7. 2.1 × 105 8. 8.023 × 10-7 9. 3.63 × 10-6 10. 7.15 × 108 11. 1.86 × 10-4 12. 4.9 × 105 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Evaluate each product. Express the results in both scientific notation and standard form. 13. (6.1 × 105)(2 × 105) 14. (4.4 × 106)(1.6 × 10-9) 15. (8.8 × 108)(3.5 × 10-13) 16. (1.35 × 108)(7.2 × 10-4) 17. (2.2 × 10-12)(8 × 106) 18. (3.4 × 10-5)(5.4 × 10-4) Evaluate each quotient. Express the results in both scientific notation and standard form. (9.2 × 10-8) (2 × 10 ) 19. − -6 (4.8 × 104) (3 × 10 ) 20. − -5 (4.625 × 10 10) (1.25 × 10 ) (1.161 × 10-9) (4.3 × 10 ) 22. − 4 (2.376 × 10-4) (7.2 × 10 ) 24. − 5 21. − -6 23. − -8 Chapter 7 (8.74 × 10-3) (1.9 × 10 ) 93 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 7-3 PERIOD Practice Scientific Notation Express each number in scientific notation. 1. 1,900,000 2. 0.000704 3. 50,040,000,000 4. 0.0000000661 Express each number in standard form. 5. 5.3 × 107 6. 1.09 × 10-4 7. 9.13 × 103 8. 7.902 × 10-6 Evaluate each product. Express the results in both scientific notation and standard form. 9. (4.8 × 104)(6 × 106) 10. (7.5 × 10-5)(3.2 × 107) 12. (8.1 × 10-6)(1.96 × 1011) 13. (5.29 × 108)(9.7 × 104) 14. (1.45 × 10-6)(7.2 × 10-5) Evaluate each quotient. Express the results in both scientific notation and standard form. (4.2 × 10 5) (3 × 10 ) 16. − -5 (7.05 × 10 12) (9.4 × 10 ) 18. − 5 15. − -3 17. − 7 (1.76 × 10 -11) (2.2 × 10 ) (2.04 × 10 -4) (3.4 × 10 ) 19. GRAVITATION Issac Newton’s theory of universal gravitation states that the equation m1m2 F = G− can be used to calculate the amount of gravitational force in newtons 2 r between two point masses m1 and m2 separated by a distance r. G is a constant equal to 6.67 × 10-11 N m2 kg–2. The mass of the earth m1 is equal to 5.97 × 1024 kg, the mass of the moon m2 is equal to 7.36 × 1022 kg, and the distance r between the two is 384,000,000 m. a. Express the distance r in scientific notation. b. Compute the amount of gravitational force between the earth and the moon. Express your answer in scientific notation. Chapter 7 94 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 11. (2.06 × 104)(5.5 × 10-9) NAME 7-4 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Polynomials Determine whether each expression is a polynomial. If so, identify the polynomial as a monomial, binomial, or trinomial. 1. 5mt + t2 2. 4by + 2b - by 3. -32 3x 4. − 5. 5x2 - 3x-4 6. 2c2 + 8c + 9 - 3 7 Find the degree of each polynomial. 7. 12 9. b + 6 11. 5abc - 2b2 + 1 8. 3r4 10. 4a3 - 2a 12. 8x5y4 - 2x8 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Write each polynomial in standard form. Identify the leading coefficient. 13. 3x + 1 + 2x2 14. 5x - 6 + 3x2 15. 9x2 + 2 + x3 + x 16. -3 + 3x3 - x2 + 4x 17. x2 + 3x3 + 27 - x 18. 25 - x3 + x 19. x - 3x2 + 4 + 5x3 20. x2 + 64 - x + 7x3 21. 6x3 - 7x5 + x -2x2 + 1 22. 4 - x + 3x3 - 2x2 23. 13 - 4x9 + x3 24. 17x5 - 5x17 + 2 Chapter 7 95 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 7-4 DATE PERIOD Practice Polynomials Determine whether each expression is a polynomial. If so, identify the polynomial as a monomial, binomial, or trinomial. 1 3 2. − y + y2 - 9 1. 7a2b + 3b2 - a2b 3. 6g2h3k 5 Find the degree of each polynomial. 4. x + 3x4 - 21x2 + x3 5. 3g2h3 + g3h 6. -2x2y + 3xy3 + x2 7. 5n3m - 2m3 + n2m4 + n2 8. a3b2c + 2a5c + b3c2 9. 10r2t2 + 4rt2 - 5r3t2 Write each polynomial in standard form. Identify the leading coefficient. 10. 8x2 - 15 + 5x5 11. 10x - 7 + x4 + 4x3 12. 13x2 - 5 + 6x3 - x 13. 4x + 2x5 - 6x3 + 2 14. b 15. b d a 16. MONEY Write a polynomial to represent the value of t ten-dollar bills, f fifty-dollar bills, and h one-hundred-dollar bills. 17. GRAVITY The height above the ground of a ball thrown up with a velocity of 96 feet per second from a height of 6 feet is 6 + 96t - 16t2 feet, where t is the time in seconds. According to this model, how high is the ball after 7 seconds? Explain. Chapter 7 96 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. GEOMETRY Write a polynomial to respect the area of each shaded region. NAME 7-5 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Adding and Subtracting Polynomials Find each sum or difference. 1. (2x + 3y) + (4x + 9y) 2. (6s + 5t) + (4t + 8s) 3. (5a + 9b) - (2a + 4b) 4. (11m - 7n) - (2m + 6n) 5. (m2 - m) + (2m + m2) 6. (x2 - 3x) - (2x2 + 5x) 7. (d2 - d + 5) - (2d + 5) 8. (2h2 - 5h) + (7h - 3h2) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 9. (5f + g - 2) + (-2f + 3) 10. (6k2 + 2k + 9) + (4k2 - 5k) 11. (x3 - x + 1) - (3x - 1) 12. (b2 + ab - 2) - (2b2 + 2ab) 13. (7z2 + 4 - z) - (-5 + 3z2) 14. (5 + 4n + 2t) + (-6t - 8) 15. (4t2 + 2) + (-4 + 2t) 16. (3g3 + 7g) - (4g + 8g3) 17. (2a2 + 8a + 4) - (a2 - 3) 18. (3x2 - 7x + 5) - (-x2 + 4x) 19. (7y2 + y + 1) - (-4y + 3y2 - 3) 20. (2c2 + 7c + 4) + (c2 + 1 - 9c) 21. (n2 + 3n + 2) - (2n2 - 6n - 2) 22. (a2 + ab - 3b2) + (b2 + 4a2 - ab) 23. (ℓ2 - 5ℓ - 6) + (2ℓ2 + 5 + ℓ) 24. (2m2 + 5m + 1) - (4m2 - 3m - 3) 25. (x2 - 6x + 2) - (-5x2 + 7x - 4) 26. (5b2 - 9b - 5) + (b2 - 6 + 2b) 27. (2x2 - 6x - 2) + (x2 + 4x) + (3x2 + x + 5) Chapter 7 97 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 7-5 DATE PERIOD Practice Adding and Subtracting Polynomials Find each sum or difference. 1. (4y + 5) + (-7y - 1) 2. (-x2 + 3x) - (5x + 2x2) 3. (4k2 + 8k + 2) - (2k + 3) 4. (2m2 + 6m) + (m2 - 5m + 7) 5. (5a2 + 6a + 2) - (7a2 - 7a + 5) 6. (-4p2 - p + 9) + ( p2 + 3p - 1) 7. (x3 - 3x + 1) - (x3 + 7 - 12x) 8. (6x2 - x + 1) - (-4 + 2x2 + 8x) 9. (4y2 + 2y - 8) - (7y2 + 4 - y) 10. (w2 - 4w - 1) + (-5 + 5w2 - 3w) 12. (5b2 - 8 + 2b) - (b + 9b2 + 5) 13. (4d2 + 2d + 2) + (5d2 - 2 - d) 14. (8x2 + x - 6) - (-x2 + 2x - 3) 15. (3h2 + 7h - 1) - (4h + 8h2 + 1) 16. (4m2 - 3m + 10) + (m2 + m - 2) 17. (x2 + y2 - 6) - (5x2 - y2 - 5) 18. (7t2 + 2 - t) + (t2 - 7 - 2t) 19. (k3 - 2k2 + 4k + 6) - (-4k + k2 - 3) 20. (9j 2 + j + jk) + (-3j 2 - jk - 4j) 21. (2x + 6y - 3z) + (4x + 6z - 8y) + (x - 3y + z) 22. (6f 2 - 7f - 3) - (5f 2 - 1 + 2f) - (2f 2 - 3 + f) 23. BUSINESS The polynomial s3 - 70s2 + 1500s - 10,800 models the profit a company makes on selling an item at a price s. A second item sold at the same price brings in a profit of s3 - 30s2 + 450s - 5000. Write a polynomial that expresses the total profit from the sale of both items. 24. GEOMETRY The measures of two sides of a triangle are given. If P is the perimeter, and P = 10x + 5y, find the measure of the third side. 3x + 4y 5x - y Chapter 7 98 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 11. (4u2 - 2u - 3) + (3u2 - u + 4) NAME 7-6 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Multiplying a Polynomial by a Monomial Find each product. 1. a(4a + 3) 2. -c(11c + 4) 3. x(2x - 5) 4. 2y( y - 4) 5. -3n(n2 + 2n) 6. 4h(3h - 5) 7. 3x(5x2 - x + 4) 8. 7c(5 - 2c2 + c3) 9. -4b(1 - 9b - 2b2) 11. 2m2(2m2 + 3m - 5) 10. 6y(-5 - y + 4y2) 12. -3n2(-2n2 + 3n + 4) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Simplify each expression. 13. w(3w + 2) + 5w 14. f (5f - 3) - 2f 15. -p(2p - 8) - 5p 16. y2(-4y + 5) - 6y2 17. 2x(3x2 + 4) - 3x3 18. 4a(5a2 - 4) + 9a 19. 4b(-5b - 3) - 2(b2 - 7b - 4) 20. 3m(3m + 6) - 3(m2 + 4m + 1) Solve each equation. 21. 3(a + 2) + 5 = 2a + 4 22. 2(4x + 2) - 8 = 4(x + 3) 23. 5( y + 1) + 2 = 4( y + 2) - 6 24. 4(b + 6) = 2(b + 5) + 2 25. 6(m - 2) + 14 = 3(m + 2) - 10 26. 3(c + 5) - 2 = 2(c + 6) + 2 Chapter 7 99 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 7-6 PERIOD Practice Multiplying a Polynomial by a Monomial Find each product. 1. 2h(-7h2 - 4h) 2. 6pq(3p2 + 4q) 3. 5jk(3jk + 2k) 4. -3rt(-2t2 + 3r) 1 5. - − m(8m 2 + m - 7) 2 2 6. - − n (-9n 2 + 3n + 6) 4 3 Simplify each expression. 7. -2(3 - 4) + 7 9. 6t(2t - 3) - 5(2t2 + 9t - 3) 8. 5w(-7w + 3) + 2w(-2w2 + 19w + 2) 10. -2(3m3 + 5m + 6) + 3m(2m2 + 3m + 1) 11. -3g(7g - 2) + 3( g2 + 2g + 1) - 3g(-5g + 3) Solve each equation. 13. 3(3u + 2) + 5 = 2(2u - 2) 14. 4(8n + 3) - 5 = 2(6n + 8) + 1 15. 8(3b + 1) = 4(b + 3) - 9 16. t(t + 4) - 1 = t(t + 2) + 2 17. u(u - 5) + 8u = u(u + 2) - 4 18. NUMBER THEORY Let x be an integer. What is the product of twice the integer added to three times the next consecutive integer? 19. INVESTMENTS Kent invested $5000 in a retirement plan. He allocated x dollars of the money to a bond account that earns 4% interest per year and the rest to a traditional account that earns 5% interest per year. a. Write an expression that represents the amount of money invested in the traditional account. b. Write a polynomial model in simplest form for the total amount of money T Kent has invested after one year. (Hint: Each account has A + IA dollars, where A is the original amount in the account and I is its interest rate.) c. If Kent put $500 in the bond account, how much money does he have in his retirement plan after one year? Chapter 7 100 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 12. 5(2t - 1) + 3 = 3(3t + 2) NAME 7-7 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Multiplying Polynomials Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Find each product. 1. (m + 4)(m + 1) 2. (x + 2)(x + 2) 3. (b + 3)(b + 4) 4. (t + 4)(t - 3) 5. (r + 1)(r - 2) 6. (n - 5)(n + 1) 7. (3c + 1)(c - 2) 8. (2x - 6)(x + 3) 9. (d - 1)(5d - 4) 10. (2ℓ + 5)(ℓ - 4) 11. (3n - 7)(n + 3) 12. (q + 5)(5q - 1) 13. (3b + 3)(3b - 2) 14. (2m + 2)(3m - 3) 15. (4c + 1)(2c + 1) 16. (5a - 2)(2a - 3) 17. (4h - 2)(4h - 1) 18. (x - y)(2x - y) 19. (w + 4)(w2 + 3w - 6) 20. (t + 1)(t2 + 2t + 4) 21. (k + 4)(k2 + 3k - 6) 22. (m + 3)(m2 + 3m + 5) Chapter 7 101 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 7-7 DATE PERIOD Practice Multiplying Polynomials Find each product. 1. (q + 6)(q + 5) 2. (x + 7)(x + 4) 3. (n - 4)(n - 6) 4. (a + 5)(a - 6) 5. (4b + 6)(b - 4) 6. (2x - 9)(2x + 4) 7. (6a - 3)(7a - 4) 8. (2x - 2)(5x - 4) 9. (3a - b)(2a - b) 10. (4g + 3h)(2g + 3h) 12. (t + 3)(t2 + 4t + 7) 13. (2h + 3)(2h2 + 3h + 4) 14. (3d + 3)(2d2 + 5d - 2) 15. (3q + 2)(9q2 - 12q + 4) 16. (3r + 2)(9r2 + 6r + 4) 17. (3n2 + 2n - 1)(2n2 + n + 9) 18. (2t2 + t + 3)(4t2 + 2t - 2) 19. (2x2 - 2x - 3)(2x2 - 4x + 3) 20. (3y2 + 2y + 2)(3y2 - 4y - 5) GEOMETRY Write an expression to represent the area of each figure. 21. 22. 5x - 4 2x - 2 4x + 2 3x + 2 23. NUMBER THEORY Let x be an even integer. What is the product of the next two consecutive even integers? 24. GEOMETRY The volume of a rectangular pyramid is one third the product of the area of its base and its height. Find an expression for the volume of a rectangular pyramid whose base has an area of 3x2 + 12x + 9 square feet and whose height is x + 3 feet. Chapter 7 102 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 11. (m + 5)(m2 + 4m - 8) NAME 7-8 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Special Products Find each product. 1. (n + 3)2 2. (x + 4)(x + 4) 3. ( y - 7)2 4. (t - 3)(t - 3) 5. (b + 1)(b - 1) 6. (a - 5)(a + 5) 7. (p - 4)2 8. (z + 3)(z - 3) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 9. (ℓ + 2)(ℓ + 2) 10. (r - 1)(r - 1) 11. (3g + 2)(3g - 2) 12. (2m - 3)(2m + 3) 13. (6 + u)2 14. (r + t)2 15. (3q + 1)(3q - 1) 16. (c - d)2 17. (2k - 2)2 18. (w + 3h)2 19. (3p - 4)(3p + 4) 20. (t + 2u)2 21. (x - 4y)2 22. (3b + 7)(3b - 7) 23. (3y - 3g)(3y + 3g) 24. (n2 + r2)2 25. (2k + m2)2 26. (3t2 - n)2 27. GEOMETRY The length of a rectangle is the sum of two whole numbers. The width of the rectangle is the difference of the same two whole numbers. Using these facts, write a verbal expression for the area of the rectangle. Chapter 7 103 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 7-8 DATE PERIOD Practice Special Products Find each product. 1. (n + 9)2 2. (q + 8)2 3. (x - 10)2 4. (r - 11)2 5. ( p + 7)2 6. (b + 6)(b - 6) 7. (z + 13)(z - 13) 8. (4j + 2)2 9. (5w - 4)2 11. (3m + 4)2 12. (7v - 2)2 13. (7k + 3)(7k - 3) 14. (4d - 7)(4d + 7) 15. (3g + 9h)(3g - 9h) 16. (4q + 5t)(4q - 5t) 17. (a + 6u)2 18. (5r + s)2 19. (6h - m)2 20. (k - 6y)2 21. (u - 7p)2 22. (4b - 7v)2 23. (6n + 4p)2 24. (5q + 6t)2 25. (6a - 7b)(6a + 7b) 26. (8h + 3d)(8h - 3d) 27. (9x + 2y2)2 28. (3p3 + 2m)2 29. (5a2 - 2b)2 30. (4m3 - 2t)2 31. (6b3 - g)2 32. (2b2 - g)(2b2 + g) 33. (2v2 + 3x2)(2v2 + 3x2) 34. GEOMETRY Janelle wants to enlarge a square graph that she has made so that a side of the new graph will be 1 inch more than twice the original side g. What trinomial represents the area of the enlarged graph? 35. GENETICS In a guinea pig, pure black hair coloring B is dominant over pure white coloring b. Suppose two hybrid Bb guinea pigs, with black hair coloring, are bred. a. Find an expression for the genetic make-up of the guinea pig offspring. b. What is the probability that two hybrid guinea pigs with black hair coloring will produce a guinea pig with white hair coloring? Chapter 7 104 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 10. (6h - 1)2 NAME 8-1 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Monomials and Factoring Factor each monomial completely. 1. 10a4 2. -27x3y2 3. 28pr2 4. 44m2np3 5. 9x3y2 6. -17ab2f 7. 42g2 8. 36tu2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 9. -4a 10. -10x4yz2 Find the GCF of each set of monomials. 11. 16f, 21ab2 12. 18t, 48t4 13. 32xyz, 48xy4 14. 12m3p2, 44mp3 15. 4q2r2t2, 9q3r3t3 16. 14ab5, 7a2b3c 17. 51xyz2, 68x2yz2 18. 12t7u3, 18t3u7 19. 11a4b3, 44a2b5 20. 18r3t, 26qr2t4 Chapter 8 105 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 8-1 DATE PERIOD Practice Monomials and Factoring Factor each monomial completely. 1. 30d 5 2. -72mp 3. 81b2c3 4. 145abc3 5. 168nq2r 6. -121x2yz2 7. -14f 2g2 8. -77w4 Find the GCF of each set of monomials. 10. 72r2t2, 36rt3 11. 15a2b, 35ab2 12. 28k3n2, 45pr2 13. 40xy2, 56x3y2, 124x2y3 14. 88a3d, 40a2d2, 32a2d 15. GEOMETRY The area of a rectangle is 84 square inches. Its length and width are both whole numbers. a. What is the minimum perimeter of the rectangle? b. What is the maximum perimeter of the rectangle? 16. RENOVATION Ms. Baxter wants to tile a wall to serve as a splashguard above a basin in the basement. She plans to use equal-sized tiles to cover an area that measures 48 inches by 36 inches. a. What is the maximum-size square tile Ms. Baxter can use and not have to cut any of the tiles? b. How many tiles of this size will she need? Chapter 8 106 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 9. 24fg5, 56f 3g NAME 8-2 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Using the Distributive Property Factor each polynomial. 1. 7x + 49 2. 8m - 6 3. 5a2 - 15 4. 10q - 25q2 5. 8ax - 56a 6. 81r + 48rt 7. t2h + 3t 8. a2b2 + a Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 9. x + x2y + x3y2 10. 3p2r2 + 6pr + p 11. 4a2b2 + 16ab + 12a 12. 10h3n3 - 2hn2 + 14hn 13. x2 + 3x + x + 3 14. b2 - 2b + 3b - 6 15. 2j 2 + 2j + 3j + 3 16. 2a2 - 4a + a - 2 17. 6t2 - 4t - 3t + 2 18. 9x2 - 3xy + 6x - 2y Solve each equation. Check your solutions. 19. x(x - 8) = 0 20. b(b + 12) = 0 21. (m - 3)(m + 5) = 0 22. (a - 9)(2a + 1) = 0 23. x2 - 5x = 0 24. y2 + 3y = 0 25. 3a2 = 6a 26. 2x2 = 3x Chapter 8 107 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 8-2 DATE PERIOD Practice Using the Distributive Property Factor each polynomial. 1. 64 - 40ab 2. 4d2 + 16 3. 6r2t - 3rt2 4. 15ad + 30a2d2 5. 32a2 + 24b2 6. 36xy2 - 48x2y 7. 30x3y + 35x2y2 8. 9a3d2 - 6ad3 9. 75b2g3 + 60bg3 10. 8p2r2 - 24pr3 + 16pr 11. 5x3y2 + 10x2y + 25x 12. 9ax3 + 18bx2 + 24cx 13. x2 + 4x + 2x + 8 14. 2a2 + 3a + 6a + 9 15. 4b2 - 12b + 2b - 6 16. 6xy - 8x + 15y - 20 17. -6mp + 4m + 18p - 12 18. 12a2 - 15ab - 16a + 20b Solve each equation. Check your solutions. 20. 4b(b + 4) = 0 21. (y - 3)(y + 2) = 0 22. (a + 6)(3a - 7) = 0 23. (2y + 5)(y - 4) = 0 24. (4y + 8)(3y - 4) = 0 25. 2z2 + 20z = 0 26. 8p2 - 4p = 0 27. 9x2 = 27x 28. 18x2 = 15x 29. 14x2 = -21x 30. 8x2 = -26x 31. LANDSCAPING A landscaping company has been commissioned to design a triangular flower bed for a mall entrance. The final dimensions of the flower bed have not been determined, but the company knows that the height will be two feet less than the base. 1 2 The area of the flower bed can be represented by the equation A = − b - b. 2 a. Write this equation in factored form. b. Suppose the base of the flower bed is 16 feet. What will be its area? 32. PHYSICAL SCIENCE Mr. Alim’s science class launched a toy rocket from ground level with an initial upward velocity of 60 feet per second. The height h of the rocket in feet above the ground after t seconds is modeled by the equation h = 60t - 16t2. How long was the rocket in the air before it returned to the ground? Chapter 8 108 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 19. x(x - 32) = 0 NAME 8-3 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Quadratic Equations: x2 + bx + c = 0 Factor each polynomial. 1. t2 + 8t + 12 2. n2 + 7n + 12 3. p2 + 9p + 20 4. h2 + 9h + 18 5. n2 + 3n - 18 6. x2 + 2x - 8 7. y2 - 5y - 6 8. g2 + 3g - 10 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 9. r2 + 4r - 12 10. x2 - x - 12 11. w2 - w - 6 12. y2 - 6y + 8 13. x2 - 8x + 15 14. b2 - 9b + 8 15. t2 - 15t + 56 16. -4 - 3m + m2 Solve each equation. Check the solutions. 17. x2 - 6x + 8 = 0 18. b2 - 7b + 12 = 0 19. m2 + 5m + 6 = 0 20. d2 + 7d + 10 = 0 21. y2 - 2y - 24 = 0 22. p2 - 3p = 18 23. h2 + 2h = 35 24. a2 + 14a = -45 25. n2 - 36 = 5n 26. w2 + 30 = 11w Chapter 8 109 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 8-3 DATE PERIOD Practice Quadratic Equations: x2 + bx + c = 0 Factor each polynomial. 1. a2 + 10a + 24 2. h2 + 12h + 27 3. x2 + 14x + 33 4. g2 - 2g - 63 5. w2 + w - 56 6. y2 + 4y - 60 7. b2 + 4b - 32 8. n2 - 3n - 28 9. t2 + 4t - 45 10. z2 - 11z + 30 11. d2 - 16d + 63 12. x2 - 11x + 24 13. q2 - q - 56 14. x2 - 6x - 55 15. 32 + 18r + r2 16. 48 - 16g + g2 17. j 2 - 9jk - 10k2 18. m2 - mv - 56v2 Solve each equation. Check the solutions. 20. p2 + 5p - 84 = 0 21. k2 + 3k - 54 = 0 22. b2 - 12b - 64 = 0 23. n2 + 4n = 32 24. h2 - 17h = -60 25. t2 - 26t = 56 26. z2 - 14z = 72 27. y2 - 84 = 5y 28. 80 + a2 = 18a 29. u2 = 16u + 36 30. 17r + r2 = -52 31. Find all values of k so that the trinomial x2 + kx - 35 can be factored using integers. 32. CONSTRUCTION A construction company is planning to pour concrete for a driveway. The length of the driveway is 16 feet longer than its width w. a. Write an expression for the area of the driveway. b. Find the dimensions of the driveway if it has an area of 260 square feet. 33. WEB DESIGN Janeel has a 10-inch by 12-inch photograph. She wants to scan the photograph, then reduce the result by the same amount in each dimension to post on her Web site. Janeel wants the area of the image to be one eighth that of the original photograph. a. Write an equation to represent the area of the reduced image. b. Find the dimensions of the reduced image. Chapter 8 110 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 19. x2 + 17x + 42 = 0 NAME 8-4 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Quadratic Equations: ax2 + bx + c = 0 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Factor each polynomial, if possible. If the polynomial cannot be factored using integers, write prime. 1. 2x2 + 5x + 2 2. 3n2 + 5n + 2 3. 2t2 + 9t - 5 4. 3g2 - 7g + 2 5. 2t2 - 11t + 15 6. 2x2 + 3x - 6 7. 2y2 + y - 1 8. 4h2 + 8h - 5 9. 4x2 - 3x - 3 10. 4b2 + 15b - 4 11. 9p2 + 6p - 8 12. 6q2 - 13q + 6 13. 3a2 + 30a + 63 14. 10w2 - 19w - 15 Solve each equation. Check the solutions. 15. 2x2 + 7x + 3 = 0 16. 3w2 + 14w + 8 = 0 17. 3n2 - 7n + 2 = 0 18. 5d2 - 22d + 8 = 0 19. 6h2 + 8h + 2 = 0 20. 8p2 - 16p = 10 21. 9y2 + 18y - 12 = 6y 22. 4a2 - 16a = -15 23. 10b2 - 15b = 8b - 12 24. 6d2 + 21d = 10d + 35 Chapter 8 111 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 8-4 DATE PERIOD Practice Quadratic Equations: ax2 + bx + c = 0 Factor each polynomial, if possible. If the polynomial cannot be factored using integers, write prime. 1. 2b2 + 10b + 12 2. 3g2 + 8g + 4 3. 4x2 + 4x - 3 4. 8b2 - 5b - 10 5. 6m2 + 7m - 3 6. 10d2 + 17d - 20 7. 6a2 - 17a + 12 8. 8w2 - 18w + 9 9. 10x2 - 9x + 6 10. 15n2 - n - 28 11. 10x2 + 21x - 10 12. 9r2 + 15r + 6 13. 12y2 - 4y - 5 14. 14k2 - 9k - 18 15. 8z2 + 20z - 48 16. 12q2 + 34q - 28 17. 18h2 + 15h - 18 18. 12p2 - 22p - 20 Solve each equation. Check the solutions. 20. 15n2 - n = 2 21. 8q2 - 10q + 3 = 0 22. 6b2 - 5b = 4 23. 10r2 - 21r = -4r + 6 24. 10g2 + 10 = 29g 25. 6y2 = -7y - 2 26. 9z2 = -6z + 15 27. 12k2 + 15k = 16k + 20 28. 12x2 - 1 = -x 29. 8a2 - 16a = 6a - 12 30. 18a2 + 10a = -11a + 4 31. DIVING Lauren dove into a swimming pool from a 15-foot-high diving board with an initial upward velocity of 8 feet per second. Find the time t in seconds it took Lauren to enter the water. Use the model for vertical motion given by the equation h = -16t2 + vt + s, where h is height in feet, t is time in seconds, v is the initial upward velocity in feet per second, and s is the initial height in feet. (Hint: Let h = 0 represent the surface of the pool.) 32. BASEBALL Brad tossed a baseball in the air from a height of 6 feet with an initial upward velocity of 14 feet per second. Enrique caught the ball on its way down at a point 4 feet above the ground. How long was the ball in the air before Enrique caught it? Use the model of vertical motion from Exercise 31. Chapter 8 112 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 19. 3h2 + 2h - 16 = 0 NAME DATE 8-5 PERIOD Skills Practice Quadratic Equations: Differences of Squares Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Factor each polynomial, if possible. If the polynomial cannot be factored, write prime. 1. a2 - 4 2. n2 - 64 3. 1 - 49d2 4. -16 + p2 5. k2 + 25 6. 36 - 100w2 7. t2 - 81u2 8. 4h2 - 25g2 9. 64m2 - 9y2 10. 4c2 - 5d2 11. -49r2 + 4t2 12. 8x2 - 72p2 13. 20q2 - 5r2 14. 32a2 - 50b2 Solve each equation by factoring. Check the solutions. 15. 16x2 - 9 = 0 16. 25p2 - 16 = 0 17. 36q2 - 49 = 0 18. 81 - 4b2 = 0 19. 16d2 = 4 20. 18a2 = 8 9 21. n2 - − =0 49 22. k2 - − =0 1 2 23. − h - 16 = 0 1 2 24. − y = 81 25 25 Chapter 8 64 16 113 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 8-5 DATE PERIOD Practice Quadratic Equations: Differences of Squares Factor each polynomial, if possible. If the polynomial cannot be factored, write prime. 1. k2 - 100 2. 81 - r2 3. 16p2 - 36 4. 4x2 + 25 5. 144 - 9f 2 6. 36g2 - 49h2 7. 121m2 - 144p2 8. 32 - 8y2 9. 24a2 - 54b2 10. 32t2 - 18u2 11. 9d2 - 32 12. 36z3 - 9z 13. 45q3 - 20q 14. 100b3 - 36b 15. 3t4 - 48t2 Solve each equation by factoring. Check your solutions. 17. 64p2 = 9 18. 98b2 - 50 = 0 19. 32 - 162k2 = 0 64 20. t2 - − =0 16 21. − - v2 = 0 1 2 22. − x - 25 = 0 23. 27h3 = 48h 24. 75g3 = 147g 36 121 49 25. EROSION A rock breaks loose from a cliff and plunges toward the ground 400 feet below. The distance d that the rock falls in t seconds is given by the equation d = 16t2. How long does it take the rock to hit the ground? 26. FORENSICS Mr. Cooper contested a speeding ticket given to him after he applied his brakes and skidded to a halt to avoid hitting another car. In traffic court, he argued that the length of the skid marks on the pavement, 150 feet, proved that he was driving under the posted speed limit of 65 miles per hour. The ticket cited his speed at 70 miles 1 2 per hour. Use the formula − s = d, where s is the speed of the car and d is the length of 24 the skid marks, to determine Mr. Cooper’s speed when he applied the brakes. Was Mr. Cooper correct in claiming that he was not speeding when he applied the brakes? Chapter 8 114 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 16. 4y2 = 81 NAME 8-6 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Quadratic Equations: Perfect Squares Determine whether each trinomial is a perfect square trinomial. Write yes or no. If so, factor it. 1. m2 - 6m + 9 2. r2 + 4r + 4 3. g2 - 14g + 49 4. 2w2 - 4w + 9 5. 4d2 - 4d + 1 6. 9n2 + 30n + 25 Factor each polynomial, if possible. If the polynomial cannot be factored, write prime. 7. 2x2 - 72 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 9. 36t2 - 24t + 4 8. 6b2 + 11b + 3 10. 4h2 - 56 11. 17a2 - 24ab 12. q2 - 14q + 36 13. y2 + 24y + 144 14. 6d2 - 96 Solve each equation. Check the solutions. 15. x2 - 18x + 81 = 0 16. 4p2 + 4p + 1 = 0 17. 9g2 - 12g + 4 = 0 18. y2 - 16y + 64 = 81 19. 4n2 - 17 = 19 20. x2 + 30x + 150 = -75 21. (k + 2)2 = 16 22. (m - 4)2 = 7 Chapter 8 115 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 8-6 PERIOD Practice Quadratic Equations: Perfect Squares Determine whether each trinomial is a perfect square trinomial. Write yes or no. If so, factor it. 1. m2 + 16m + 64 2. 9r2 - 6r + 1 3. 4y2 - 20y + 25 4. 16p2 + 24p + 9 5. 25b2 - 4b + 16 6. 49k2 - 56k + 16 Factor each polynomial, if possible. If the polynomial cannot be factored, write prime. 7. 3p2 - 147 8. 6x2 + 11x - 35 9. 50q2 - 60q + 18 10. 6t3 - 14t2 - 12t 11. 6d2 - 18 12. 30k2 + 38k + 12 13. 15b2 - 24bf 14. 12h2 - 60h + 75 15. 9n2 - 30n - 25 16. 7u2 - 28m2 17. w4 - 8w2 - 9 18. 16a2 + 72ad + 81d2 (2 ) 2 19. 4k2 - 28k = -49 20. 50b2 + 20b + 2 = 0 1 21. − t-1 2 1 22. g2 + − g+− =0 6 9 23. p2 - − p+− =0 24. x2 + 12x + 36 = 25 25. y2 - 8y + 16 = 64 26. (h + 9)2 = 3 27. w2 - 6w + 9 = 13 3 9 5 25 =0 28. GEOMETRY The area of a circle is given by the formula A = πr2, where r is the radius. If increasing the radius of a circle by 1 inch gives the resulting circle an area of 100π square inches, what is the radius of the original circle? 10 29. PICTURE FRAMING Mikaela placed a frame around a print that measures 10 inches by 10 inches. The area of just the frame itself is 69 square inches. What is the width of the frame? 10 x x Chapter 8 116 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Solve each equation. Check the solutions. NAME 9-1 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Graphing Quadratic Functions Use a table of values to graph each function. State the domain the range. 1. y = x2 - 4 2. y = -x2 + 3 y 3. y = x2 - 2x - 6 y y O O x O x x Find the vertex, the equation of the axis of symmetry, and the y-intercept. 4. y = 2x2 - 8x + 6 5. y = x2 + 4x + 6 6. y = -3x2 - 12x + 3 Consider each equation. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. a. Determine whether the function has maximum or minimum value. b. State the maximum or minimum value. c. What are the domain and range of the function? 7. y = 2x2 8. y = x2 - 2x - 5 9. y = -x2 + 4x - 1 Graph each function. 10. f(x) = -x2 - 2x + 2 12. f(x) = -2x2 - 4x + 6 f(x) f (x) O 11. f(x) = 2x2 + 4x - 2 x O f (x) x O Chapter 9 117 x Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 9-1 DATE PERIOD Practice Graphing Quadratic Functions Use a table of values to graph each function. Determine the domain and range. 1. y = -x2 + 2 2. y = x2 - 6x + 3 y O 3. y = -2x2 - 8x - 5 y x y O x O x Find the vertex, the equation of the axis of symmetry, and the y-intercept. 4. y = x2 - 9 5. y = -2x2 + 8x - 5 6. 4x2 - 4x + 1 Consider each equation. Determine whether the function has maximum or minimum value. State the maximum or minimum value. What are the domain and range of the function? 8. y = -x2 + 5x - 10 3 2 9. y = − x + 4x - 9 11. f(x) = -2x2 + 8x - 3 12. f(x) = 2x2 + 8x + 1 2 Graph each function. 10. f(x) = -x2 + 3 f (x) f(x) f (x) O O x x O x 13. BASEBALL A player hits a baseball into the outfield. The equation h = -0.005x2 + x + 3 gives the path of the ball, where h is the height and x is the horizontal distance the ball travels. a. What is the equation of the axis of symmetry? b. What is the maximum height reached by the baseball? c. An outfielder catches the ball three feet above the ground. How far has the ball traveled horizontally when the outfielder catches it? Chapter 9 118 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 7. y = 5x2 - 2x + 2 NAME DATE 9-2 PERIOD Skills Practice Solving Quadratic Equations by Graphing Solve each equation by graphing. 1. x2 - 2x + 3 = 0 2. c2 + 6c + 8 = 0 f (c) f (x) O O 3. a2 - 2a = -1 4. n2 - 7n = -10 f (a) f (n) O O Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. c x n a Solve each equation by graphing. If integral roots cannot be found, estimate the roots to the nearest tenth. 5. p2 + 4p + 2 = 0 6. x2 + x - 3 = 0 f (p) f (x) O O p 7. d2 + 6d = -3 8. h2 + 1 = 4h f(d) O f (h) d O Chapter 9 x 119 h Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 9-2 PERIOD Practice Solving Quadratic Equations by Graphing Solve each equation by graphing. 1. x2 - 5x + 6 = 0 2. w2 + 6w + 9 = 0 3. b2 - 3b + 4 = 0 f(w) f(x) O O x f(b) w O b Solve each equation by graphing. If integral roots cannot be found, estimate the roots to the nearest tenth. 4. p2 + 4p = 3 5. 2m2 + 5 = 10m f(p) O 6. 2v2 + 8v = -7 f(v) f (m) p O m v f(n) 7. NUMBER THEORY Two numbers have a sum of 2 and a product of -8. The quadratic equation -n2 + 2n + 8 = 0 can be used to determine the two numbers. a. Graph the related function f(n) = -n2 + 2n + 8 and determine its x-intercepts. O b. What are the two numbers? n 8. DESIGN A footbridge is suspended from a parabolic 1 2 x + 9 represents support. The function h(x) = - − 25 the height in feet of the support above the walkway, where x = 0 represents the midpoint of the bridge. 9. Graph the function and determine its x-intercepts. 10. What is the length of the walkway between the two supports? Chapter 9 120 12 h (x) 6 -12 -6 O 6 12 x -6 -12 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. O NAME DATE 9-3 PERIOD Skills Practice Transformations of Quadratic Functions Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Describe how the graph of each function is related to the graph of f(x) = x2. 1. g(x) = x2 + 2 2. h(x) = -1 + x2 3. g(x) = x2 - 8 4. h(x) = 7x2 1 2 5. g(x) = − x 6. h(x) = -6x2 7. g(x) = -x2 + 3 1 2 8. h(x) = 5 - − x 5 9. g(x) = 4x2 + 1 2 Match each equation to its graph. 10. y = 2x2 - 2 A. 1 2 11. y = − x -2 y C. x 0 2 y 0 x 1 2 x +2 12. y = - − 2 13. y = -2x2 + 2 C. y D. x 0 Chapter 9 121 y 0 x Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 9-3 DATE PERIOD Practice Transformations of Quadratic Functions Describe how the graph of each function is related to the graph of f(x) = x2. 1. g(x) = 10 + x2 2 2. h(x) = - − + x2 4. h(x) = 2x2 + 2 3 2 1 5. g(x) = - − x -− 3. g(x) = 9 - x2 5 4 6. h(x) = 4 - 3x2 2 Match each equation to its graph. y A. y B. 0 x 0 1 2 8. y = - − x +1 7. y = -3x2 - 1 x 9. y = 3x2 + 1 3 List the functions in order from the most vertically stretched to the least vertically stretched graph. 1 2 10. f(x) = 3x2, g(x) = − x , h(x) = -2x2 2 1 2 1 11. f(x) = − x , g(x) = - − , h(x) = 4x2 2 6 12. PARACHUTING Two parachutists jump from two different planes as part of an aerial show. The height h1 of the first parachutist in feet after t seconds is modeled by the function h1 = -16t2 + 5000. The height h2 of the second parachutist in feet after t seconds is modeled by the function h2 = -16t2 + 4000. a. What is the parent function of the two functions given? b. Describe the transformations needed to obtain the graph of h1 from the parent function. c. Which parachutist will reach the ground first? Chapter 9 122 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. x 0 y C. NAME 9-4 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Solving Quadratic Equations by Completing the Square Find the value of c that makes each trinomial a perfect square. 1. x2 + 6x + c 2. x2 + 4x + c 3. x2 - 14x + c 4. x2 - 2x + c 5. x2 - 18x + c 6. x2 + 20x + c 7. x2 + 5x + c 8. x2 - 70x + c 9. x2 - 11x + c 10. x2 + 9x + c Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Solve each equation by completing the square. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. 11. x2 + 4x - 12 = 0 12. x2 - 8x + 15 = 0 13. x2 + 6x = 7 14. x2 - 2x = 15 15. x2 - 14x + 30 = 6 16. x2 + 12x + 21 = 10 17. x2 - 4x + 1 = 0 18. x2 - 6x + 4 = 0 19. x2 - 8x + 10 = 0 20. x2 - 2x = 5 21. 2x2 + 20x = -2 22. 0.5x2 + 8x = -7 Chapter 9 123 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 9-4 DATE PERIOD Practice Solving Quadratic Equations by Completing the Square Find the value of c that makes each trinomial a perfect square. 1. x2 - 24x + c 2. x2 + 28x + c 3. x2 + 40x + c 4. x2 + 3x + c 5. x2 - 9x + c 6. x2 - x + c Solve each equation by completing the square. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. 7. x2 - 14x + 24 = 0 8. x2 + 12x = 13 9. x2 - 30x + 56 = -25 11. x2 - 10x + 6 = -7 12. x2 + 18x + 50 = 9 13. 3x2 + 15x - 3 = 0 14. 4x2 - 72 = 24x 15. 0.9x2 + 5.4x - 4 = 0 16. 0.4x2 + 0.8x = 0.2 1 2 17. − x - x - 10 = 0 1 2 18. − x +x-2=0 2 4 19. NUMBER THEORY The product of two consecutive even integers is 728. Find the integers. 20. BUSINESS Jaime owns a business making decorative boxes to store jewelry, mementos, and other valuables. The function y = x2 + 50x + 1800 models the profit y that Jaime has made in month x for the first two years of his business. a. Write an equation representing the month in which Jaime’s profit is $2400. b.Use completing the square to find out in which month Jaime’s profit is $2400. 21. PHYSICS From a height of 256 feet above a lake on a cliff, Mikaela throws a rock out over the lake. The height H of the rock t seconds after Mikaela throws it is represented by the equation H = -16t2 + 32t + 256. To the nearest tenth of a second, how long does it take the rock to reach the lake below? (Hint: Replace H with 0.) Chapter 9 124 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 10. x2 + 8x + 9 = 0 NAME 9-5 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula Solve each equation by using the Quadratic Formula. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. 1. x2 - 49 = 0 2. x2 - x - 20 = 0 3. x2 - 5x - 36 = 0 4. x2 + 11x + 30 = 0 5. x2 - 7x = -3 6. x2 + 4x = -1 7. x2 - 9x + 22 = 0 8. x2 + 6x + 3 = 0 9. 2x2 + 5x - 7 = 0 10. 2x2 - 3x = -1 11. 2x2 + 5x + 4 = 0 12. 2x2 + 7x = 9 13. 3x2 + 2x - 3 = 0 14. 3x2 - 7x - 6 = 0 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. State the value of the discriminant for each equation. Then determine the number of real solutions of the equation. 15. x2 + 4x + 3 = 0 16. x2 + 2x + 1 = 0 17. x2 - 4x + 10 = 0 18. x2 - 6x + 7 = 0 19. x2 - 2x - 7 = 0 20. x2 - 10x + 25 = 0 21. 2x2 + 5x - 8 = 0 22. 2x2 + 6x + 12 = 0 23. 2x2 - 4x + 10 = 0 24. 3x2 + 7x + 3 = 0 Chapter 9 125 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 9-5 DATE PERIOD Practice Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula Solve each equation by using the Quadratic Formula. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. 1. x2 + 2x - 3 = 0 2. x2 + 8x + 7 = 0 3. x2 - 4x + 6 = 0 4. x2 - 6x + 7 = 0 5. 2x2 + 9x - 5 = 0 6. 2x2 + 12x + 10 = 0 7. 2x2 - 9x = -12 8. 2x2 - 5x = 12 9. 3x2 + x = 4 10. 3x2 - 1 = -8x 11. 4x2 + 7x = 15 12. 1.6x2 + 2x + 2.5 = 0 13. 4.5x2 + 4x - 1.5 = 0 3 1 2 14. − x + 2x + − =0 3 1 15. 3x2 - − x=− 2 2 4 2 State the value of the discriminant for each equation. Then determine the number of real solutions of the equation. 17. x2 + 3x + 12 = 0 18. 2x2 + 12x = -7 19. 2x2 + 15x = -30 20. 4x2 + 9 = 12x 21. 3x2 - 2x = 3.5 22. 2.5x2 + 3x - 0.5 = 0 3 2 23. − x - 3x = -4 1 2 24. − x = -x - 1 4 4 25. CONSTRUCTION A roofer tosses a piece of roofing tile from a roof onto the ground 30 feet below. He tosses the tile with an initial downward velocity of 10 feet per second. a. Write an equation to find how long it takes the tile to hit the ground. Use the model for vertical motion, H = -16t2 + vt + h, where H is the height of an object after t seconds, v is the initial velocity, and h is the initial height. (Hint: Since the object is thrown down, the initial velocity is negative.) b. How long does it take the tile to hit the ground? 26. PHYSICS Lupe tosses a ball up to Quyen, waiting at a third-story window, with an initial velocity of 30 feet per second. She releases the ball from a height of 6 feet. The equation h = -16t2 + 30t + 6 represents the height h of the ball after t seconds. If the ball must reach a height of 25 feet for Quyen to catch it, does the ball reach Quyen? Explain. (Hint: Substitute 25 for h and use the discriminant.) Chapter 9 126 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 16. x2 + 8x + 16 = 0 NAME DATE 9-6 PERIOD Skills Practice Exponential Functions Graph each function. Find the y-intercept, and state the domain and range. Then use the graph to determine the approximate value of the given expression. Use a calculator to confirm the value. x (3) (3) 1 1 2. y = − ; − 1. y = 2x; 22.3 y -1.6 y x O x O Graph each function. Find the y-intercept, and state the domain and range. 3. y = 3(2x) 4. y = 3x + 2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. y y x O x O Determine whether the set of data shown below displays exponential behavior. Write yes or no. Explain why or why not. 5. 7. x -3 -2 -1 0 y 9 12 15 18 x 4 8 12 16 y 20 40 80 160 Chapter 9 6. 8. 127 x 0 5 10 15 y 20 10 5 2.5 x 50 30 10 -10 y 90 70 50 30 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 9-6 PERIOD Practice Exponential Functions Graph each function. Find the y-intercept and state the domain and range. Then use the graph to determine the approximate value of the given expression. Use a calculator to confirm the value. x ( 10 ) ( 10 ) 1 1 ; − 1. y = − x -0.5 (4) (4) 1 1 3. y = − ; − 2. y = 3x; 31.9 y y x O -1.4 y x O x O Graph each function. Find the y-intercept, and state the domain and range. 4. y = 4(2x) + 1 5. y = 2(2x - 1) y 6. y = 0.5(3x - 3) y y O x x O Determine whether the set of data shown below displays exponential behavior. Write yes or no. Explain why or why not. 7. x y 2 48 5 8 120 30 11 8. 7.5 x 21 18 15 12 y 30 23 16 9 9. LEARNING Ms. Klemperer told her English class that each week students tend to forget one sixth of the vocabulary words they learned the previous week. Suppose a student learns 60 words. The number of words remembered can be described by the function () x 5 , where x is the number of weeks that pass. How many words will the W(x) = 60 − 6 student remember after 3 weeks? 10. BIOLOGY Suppose a certain cell reproduces itself in four hours. If a lab researcher begins with 50 cells, how many cells will there be after one day, two days, and three days? (Hint: Use the exponential function y = 50(2x).) Chapter 9 128 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. x O NAME 9-7 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Growth and Decay 1. POPULATION The population of New York City increased from 8,008,278 in 2000 to 8,168,388 in 2005. The annual rate of population increase for the period was about 0.4%. a. Write an equation for the population t years after 2000. b. Use the equation to predict the population of New York City in 2015. 2. SAVINGS The Fresh and Green Company has a savings plan for its employees. If an employee makes an initial contribution of $1000, the company pays 8% interest compounded quarterly. a. If an employee participating in the plan withdraws the balance of the account after 5 years, how much will be in the account? Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. b. If an employee participating in the plan withdraws the balance of the account after 35 years, how much will be in the account? 3. HOUSING Mr. and Mrs. Boyce bought a house for $96,000 in 1995. The real estate broker indicated that houses in their area were appreciating at an average annual rate of 7%. If the appreciation remained steady at this rate, what was the value of the Boyce’s home in 2009? 4. MANUFACTURING Zeller Industries bought a piece of weaving equipment for $60,000. It is expected to depreciate at an average rate of 10% per year. a. Write an equation for the value of the piece of equipment after t years. b. Find the value of the piece of equipment after 6 years. 5. FINANCES Kyle saved $500 from a summer job. He plans to spend 10% of his savings each week on various forms of entertainment. At this rate, how much will Kyle have left after 15 weeks? 6. TRANSPORTATION Tiffany’s mother bought a car for $9000 five years ago. She wants to sell it to Tiffany based on a 15% annual rate of depreciation. At this rate, how much will Tiffany pay for the car? Chapter 9 129 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 9-7 DATE PERIOD Practice Growth and Decay 1. COMMUNICATIONS Sports radio stations numbered 220 in 1996. The number of sports radio stations has since increased by approximately 14.3% per year. a. Write an equation for the number of sports radio stations for t years after 1996. b. If the trend continues, predict the number of sports radio stations in this format for the year 2010. 2. INVESTMENTS Determine the amount of an investment if $500 is invested at an interest rate of 4.25% compounded quarterly for 12 years. 3. INVESTMENTS Determine the amount of an investment if $300 is invested at an interest rate of 6.75% compounded semiannually for 20 years. 4. HOUSING The Greens bought a condominium for $110,000 in 2005. If its value appreciates at an average rate of 6% per year, what will the value be in 2010? a. If the forested area in Guatemala in 1990 was about 34,400 square kilometers, write an equation for the forested area for t years after 1990. b. If this trend continues, predict the forested area in 2015. 6. BUSINESS A piece of machinery valued at $25,000 depreciates at a steady rate of 10% yearly. What will the value of the piece of machinery be after 7 years? 7. TRANSPORTATION A new car costs $18,000. It is expected to depreciate at an average rate of 12% per year. Find the value of the car in 8 years. 8. POPULATION The population of Osaka, Japan, declined at an average annual rate of 0.05% for the five years between 1995 and 2000. If the population of Osaka was 11,013,000 in 2000 and it continues to decline at the same rate, predict the population in 2050. Chapter 9 130 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 5. DEFORESTATION During the 1990s, the forested area of Guatemala decreased at an average rate of 1.7%. NAME 9-8 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Geometric Sequences as Exponential Functions Determine whether each sequence is arithmetic, geometric, or neither. Explain. 1. 7, 13, 19, 25, … 2. –96, –48, –24, –12, … 3. 108, 66, 141, 99, … 4. 3, 9, 81, 6561, … 7 , 14, 84, 504, … 5. − 3 5 9 1 6. − , -− , -− , -− ,… 3 8 8 8 8 Find the next three terms in each geometric sequence. 7. 2500, 500, 100, … 9. –4, 24, –144, … Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 11. –3, –12, –48, … 8. 2, 6, 18, … 4 2 1 10. − , −, −, … 5 5 5 12. 72, 12, 2, … 13. Write an equation for the nth term of the geometric sequence 3, – 24, 192, …. Find the ninth term of this sequence. 9 3 1 14. Write an equation for the nth term of the geometric sequence − , −, −, …. 16 8 4 Find the seventh term of this sequence. 15. Write an equation for the nth term of the geometric sequence 1000, 200, 40, …. Find the fifth term of this sequence. 1 16. Write an equation for the nth term of the geometric sequence – 8, – 2, -− , …. 2 Find the eighth term of this sequence. 17. Write an equation for the nth term of the geometric sequence 32, 48, 72, …. Find the sixth term of this sequence. 3 3 18. Write an equation for the nth term of the geometric sequence − ,− , 3, …. 100 10 Find the ninth term of this sequence. Chapter 9 131 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 9-8 DATE PERIOD Practice Geometric Sequences and Functions Determine whether each sequence is arithmetic, geometric, or neither. Explain. 1. 1, -5, -11, -17, … 3 3 2. 3, − , 1, − ,… 3. 108, 36, 12, 4, … 4. -2, 4, -6, 8, … 2 4 Find the next three terms in each geometric sequence. 5. 64, 16, 4, … 6. 2, -12, 72, … 7. 3750, 750, 150, … 8. 4, 28, 196, … 9. Write an equation for the nth term of the geometric sequence 896, -448, 224, … . Find the eighth term of this sequence. 1 11. Find the sixth term of a geometric sequence for which a2 = 288 and r = − . 4 12. Find the eighth term of a geometric sequence for which a3 = 35 and r = 7. 13. PENNIES Thomas is saving pennies in a jar. The first day he saves 3 pennies, the second day 12 pennies, the third day 48 pennies, and so on. How many pennies does Thomas save on the eighth day? Chapter 9 132 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 10. Write an equation for the nth term of the geometric sequence 3584, 896, 224, … . Find the sixth term of this sequence. NAME DATE 9-9 PERIOD Skills Practice Analyzing Functions with Successive Differences and Ratios Graph each set of ordered pairs. Determine whether the ordered pairs represent a linear function, a quadratic function, or an exponential function. 1. (2, 3), (1, 1), (0, –1), (–1, –3), (–3, –5) 2. (–1, 0.5), (0, 1), (1, 2), (2, 4) y y x 0 0 3. (–2, 4), (–1, 1), (0, 0), (1, 1), (2, 4) 4. (–3, 5), (–2, 2), (–1, 1), (0, 2), (1, 5) y y x 0 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. x 0 x Look for a pattern in each table of values to determine which model best describes the data. Then write an equation for the function that models the data. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. x –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 y –32 16 8 4 2 1 x –1 0 1 2 3 y 7 3 –1 –5 –9 x –3 –2 –1 0 1 y –27 –12 –3 0 –3 x 0 1 2 3 4 y 0.5 1.5 4.5 13.5 40.5 x –2 –1 0 1 2 y –8 –4 0 4 8 Chapter 9 133 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 9-9 PERIOD Practice Analyzing Functions with Successive Differences and Ratios Graph each set of ordered pairs. Determine whether the ordered pairs represent a linear function, a quadratic function, or an exponential function. ( ) ( 3) 1 1 , 0, − , (1, 1), (2, 3) 2. –1, − 1. (4, 0.5), (3, 1.5), (2, 2.5), (1, 3.5), (0, 4.5) 9 y y x 0 0 3. (–4, 4), (–2, 1), (0, 0), (2, 1), (4, 4) x 4. (–4, 2), (–2, 1), (0, 0), (2, –1), (4, –2) y y x 0 0 x 5. 6. 7. 8. x –3 –1 1 3 5 y –5 –2 1 4 7 x –2 –1 0 1 y 0.02 0.2 2 20 2 200 x –1 0 1 2 3 y 6 0 6 24 54 x –2 –1 0 1 2 y 18 9 0 –9 –18 9. INSECTS The local zoo keeps track of the number of dragonflies breeding in their insect exhibit each day. Day 1 2 3 4 5 Dragonflies 9 18 36 72 144 a. Determine which function best models the data. b. Write an equation for the function that models the data. c. Use your equation to determine the number of dragonflies that will be breeding after 9 days. Chapter 9 134 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Look for a pattern in each table of values to determine which model best describes the data. Then write an equation for the function that models the data. NAME DATE 10-1 PERIOD Skills Practice Square Root Functions Graph each function, and compare to the parent graph. State the domain and range. 1. y = 2 1 2. y = − √ x 2 y √ x 3. y = 5 √ x y y 12 8 4 x 0 4. y = √x +1 x 0 5. y = √x x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. x 7. y = - √ x-3 0 1 √ 9. y = - − x-4 + 1 8. y = √ x - 2+ 3 2 y y x 0 x x 0 Chapter 10 x 0 y x y 0 0 4 6. y = √ x-1 -4 y y 2 0 −2 135 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 10-1 PERIOD Practice Square Root Functions Graph each function, and compare to the parent graph. State the domain and range. 4 1. y = − 3 √ x 2. y = y 3. y = √ x-3 +2 y x 0 √ x y x 0 ⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯ 5. y = 2 √x - 1 + 1 4. y = - √x + 1 y x 0 ⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯ 6. y = - √x - 2 + 2 y y x x 0 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. x 0 7. OHM’S LAW In electrical engineering, the resistance of a circuit ⎯⎯ P , where I is the current in can be found by the equation I = − √R amperes, P is the power in watts, and R is the resistance of the circuit in ohms. Graph this function for a circuit with a resistance of 4 ohms. Current (amperes) 0 5 4 3 2 1 0 20 40 60 80 100 Power (watts) Chapter 10 136 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 10-2 PERIOD Skills Practice Simplifying Radical Expressions Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Simplify each expression. 28 1. √ 2. √ 40 3. √ 72 4. √ 99 5. √ 2 · √ 10 6. √ 5 · √ 60 7. 3 √ 5 · √ 5 8. √ 6 · 4 √ 24 9. 2 √ 3 · 3 √ 15 4 10. √16b 2 4 11. √81a d 4 6 12. √40x y 5 2 13. √75m p 14. √−53 16. √−67 · √−13 15. √−16 17. − √ 12 18. 4h − √ 5 19. 12 − √ b 20. 45 − √ 4m q 2 4 2 21. − 3 22. − 5 23. − 4 24. − 4 + √5 7 + √7 Chapter 10 2 - √3 3 - √2 137 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 10-2 PERIOD Practice Simplifying Radical Expressions Simplify. 1. √24 2. √60 3. √108 √6 4. √8 √14 5. √7 5 √6 6. 3 √12 3 √18 7. 4 √3 3 8. √27tu 5 9. √50p 6 4 5 10. √108x yz √8 2 4 5 np 11. √56m 12. − √6 13. 2 √− 10 14. 5 √− 32 15. √−43 √−54 16. 7 √−71 √− 11 √3k √8 18 √− x 9ab 20. √− 4ab 18. 17. − 4y √− 3y 4 2 3 21. − 8 22. − 5 23. − 24. − 5 - √2 3 + √3 3 √7 -1 - √27 √7 + √3 25. SKYDIVING When a skydiver jumps from an airplane, the time t it takes to free fall a given distance can be estimated by the formula t = 2s − , where t is in seconds and s is √ 9.8 in meters. If Julie jumps from an airplane, how long will it take her to free fall 750 meters? 26. METEOROLOGY To estimate how long a thunderstorm will last, meteorologists can use d3 , where t is the time in hours and d is the diameter of the storm in the formula t = − 216 miles. √ a. A thunderstorm is 8 miles in diameter. Estimate how long the storm will last. Give your answer in simplified form and as a decimal. b. Will a thunderstorm twice this diameter last twice as long? Explain. Chapter 10 138 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 19. 3 NAME DATE 10-3 PERIOD Skills Practice Operations with Radical Expressions Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Simplify each expression. 1. 7 √ 7 - 2 √ 7 2. 3 √ 13 + 7 √ 13 - 2 √5 + 8 √5 3. 6 √5 4. √ 15 + 8 √ 15 - 12 √ 15 5. 12 √r - 9 √r 6. 9 √ 6a - 11 √ 6a + 4 √ 6a 7. √ 44 - √ 11 8. √ 28 + √ 63 9. 4 √ 3 + 2 √ 12 10. 8 √ 54 - 4 √ 6 11. √ 27 + √ 48 + √ 12 12. √ 72 + √ 50 - √ 8 13. √ 180 - 5 √ 5 + √ 20 14. 2 √ 24 + 4 √ 54 + 5 √ 96 15. 5 √ 8 + 2 √ 20 - √ 8 + 4 √2 - 5 √13 + √2 16. 2 √13 ( ) ( 17. √ 2 √ 8 + √ 6 ( ) √10 - √3 18. √5 ) ( ) 3 √2 - 2 √3 19. √6 2 √6 + 4 √10 20. 3 √3 21. (4 + √ 3 )(4 - √ 3) 22. 2 - √6 + √2 )( √5 + √3 ) 23. ( √8 + 4 √5 4 √3 - √10 24. √6 Chapter 10 ( ( 139 ) 2 )( ) Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 10-3 PERIOD Practice Operations with Radical Expressions Simplify each expression. - 4 √30 1. 8 √30 - 7 √5 - 5 √5 2. 2 √5 - 14 √13x + 2 √13x 3. 7 √13x + 4 √20 4. 2 √45 - √10 + √90 5. √40 + 3 √50 - 3 √18 6. 2 √32 + √18 + √300 7. √27 + 3 √20 - √32 8. 5 √8 9. √14 √−72 + √32 10. √50 + 4 √28 - 8 √19 + √63 11. 5 √19 ( ) + √75 - 2 √40 - 4 √12 12. 3 √10 ( ) 5 √2 - 4 √8 14. √5 √10 + √15 13. √6 ( √−21 ) ( 3 √12 + 5 √8 15. 2 √7 ) 16. 5 - √15 - √18 ) ) (√30 + √12 18. √8 ( )( - 2 √5 3 √10 + 5 √6 20. 4 √3 ) + 2 √8 3 √6 - √5 19. √2 ( + √18 ) ) (√48 )( ) 21. SOUND The speed of sound V in meters per second near Earth’s surface is given by + 273 , where t is the surface temperature in degrees Celsius. V = 20 √t a. What is the speed of sound near Earth’s surface at 15°C and at 2°C in simplest form? b. How much faster is the speed of sound at 15°C than at 2°C? 22. GEOMETRY A rectangle is 5 √ 7 + 2 √ 3 meters long and 6 √ 7 - 3 √ 3 meters wide. a. Find the perimeter of the rectangle in simplest form. b. Find the area of the rectangle in simplest form. Chapter 10 140 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. ( + √6 17. √10 ( 2 NAME 10-4 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Radical Equations Solve each equation. Check your solution. 1. √f = 7 2. 3. √ 5p = 10 4. √ 4y = 6 5. 2 √ 2= 6. 3 √ 5= √u =5 √-n 7. √ g-6=3 8. √ 5a + 2 = 0 9. √ 2t - 1 = 5 10. √ 3k - 2 = 4 11. √ x+4-2=1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. √-x √ d 3 12. √ 4x - 4 - 4 = 0 m =3 √− 3 13. − = 4 14. 15. x = √ x+2 16. d = √ 12 - d 17. √ 6x - 9 = x 18. √ 6p - 8 = p 19. √ x+5=x-1 20. √ 8-d=d-8 21. √ r-3+5=r 22. √ y-1+3=y 23. √5n +4=n+2 24. √ 3z - 6 = z - 2 Chapter 10 141 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 10-4 DATE PERIOD Practice Radical Equations Solve each equation. Check your solution. -b = 8 1. √ 2. 4 √ 3= 3. 2 √ 4r + 3 = 11 4. 6 - √ 2y = -2 5. √ k+2-3=7 6. √ m - 5 = 4 √ 3 7. √ 6t + 12 = 8 √ 6 8. √ 3j - 11 + 2 = 9 9. √ 2x + 15 + 5 = 18 10. √ x 3d −-4=2 √ 5 12. 6 + 13. y = √ y+6 14. √ 15 - 2x = x 15. √ w+4=w+4 16. √ 17 - k = k - 5 17. √ 5m - 16 = m - 2 18. √ 24 + 8q = q + 3 19. √ 4t + 17 - t - 3 = 0 20. 4 - √ 3m + 28 = m 21. √ 10p + 61 - 7 = p 2 22. √2x -9=x √3 5r − = -2 √ 6 23. ELECTRICITY The voltage V in a circuit is given by V = √ PR , where P is the power in watts and R is the resistance in ohms. a. If the voltage in a circuit is 120 volts and the circuit produces 1500 watts of power, what is the resistance in the circuit? b. Suppose an electrician designs a circuit with 110 volts and a resistance of 10 ohms. How much power will the circuit produce? 24. FREE FALL Assuming no air resistance, the time t in seconds that it takes an object to √ h 4 fall h feet can be determined by the equation t = − . a. If a skydiver jumps from an airplane and free falls for 10 seconds before opening the parachute, how many feet does the skydiver fall? b. Suppose a second skydiver jumps and free falls for 6 seconds. How many feet does the second skydiver fall? Chapter 10 142 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 3x − 11. 6 -3=0 NAME DATE 10-5 PERIOD Skills Practice The Pythagorean Theorem Find the length of each missing side. If necessary, round to the nearest hundredth. a 1. 2. c 21 15 39 72 3. 4. 34 33 16 b 5. b 240 6. c 4 a 250 9 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 29 Determine whether each set of measures can be sides of a right triangle. Then determine whether they form a Pythagorean triple. 7. 7, 24, 25 8. 15, 30, 34 9. 16, 28, 32 10. 18, 24, 30 11. 15, 36, 39 12. 5, 7, √ 74 13. 4, 5, 6 14. 10, 11, √ 221 Chapter 10 143 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 10-5 DATE PERIOD Practice The Pythagorean Theorem Find the length of each missing side. If necessary, round to the nearest hundredth. 1. 2. 32 3. a c 11 60 12 4 19 b Determine whether each set of measures can be sides of right triangle. Then determine whether they form a Pythagorean triple. 4. 11, 18, 21 5. 21, 72, 75 6. 7, 8, 11 7. 9, 10, √ 161 8. 9, 2 √ 10 , 11 9. √ 7 , 2 √ 2 , √ 15 11. SCREEN SIZES The size of a television is measured by the length of the screen’s diagonal. a. If a television screen measures 24 inches high and 18 inches wide, what size television is it? b. Darla told Tri that she has a 35-inch television. The height of the screen is 21 inches. What is its width? c. Tri told Darla that he has a 5-inch handheld television and that the screen measures 2 inches by 3 inches. Is this a reasonable measure for the screen size? Explain. Chapter 10 144 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 10. STORAGE The shed in Stephan’s back yard has a door that measures 6 feet high and 3 feet wide. Stephan would like to store a square theater prop that is 7 feet on a side. Will it fit through the door diagonally? Explain. NAME 10-6 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice The Distance and Midpoint Formulas Find the distance between the points with the given coordinates. 1. (9, 7), (1, 1) 2. (5, 2), (8, -2) 3. (1, -3), (1, 4) 4. (7, 2), (-5, 7) 5. (-6, 3), (10, 3) 6. (3, 3), (-2, 3) 7. (-1, -4), (-6, 0) 8. (-2, 4), (5, 8) Find the possible values of a if the points with the given coordinates are the indicated distance apart. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 9. (-2, -5), (a, 7); d = 13 10. (8, -2), (5, a); d = 3 11. (4, a), (1, 6); d = 5 12. (a, 3), (5, -1); d = 5 13. (1, 1), (a, 1); d = 4 14. (2, a), (2, 3); d = 10 15. (a, 2), (-3, 3); d = √ 2 16. (-5, 3), (-3, a); d = √ 5 Find the coordinates of the midpoint of the segment with the given endpoints. 17. (-3, 4), (-2, 8) 18. (5, -6), (7, -9) 19. (4, 2), (8, 6) 20. (5, 2), (3, 10) 21. (12, -1), (4, -11) 22. (-3, -1), (-11, 3) 23. (9, 3), (6, -6) 24. (0, -4), (8, 4) Chapter 10 145 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 10-6 PERIOD Practice The Distance and Midpoint Formulas Find the distance between the points with the given coordinates. 1. (4, 7), (1, 3) ( 2) 2. (0, 9), (-7, -2) (3 ) 1 3. (6, 2), 4, − 1 4. (-1, 7), − ,6 5. ( √ 3 , 3), (2 √ 3 , 5) 6. (2 √ 2 , -1), (3 √2 , 3) Find the possible values of a if the points with the given coordinates are the indicated distance apart. 7. (4, -1), (a, 5); d = 10 9. (6, -7), (a, -4); d = √ 18 11. (8, -5), (a, 4); d = √ 85 8. (2, -5), (a, 7); d = 15 10. (-4, 1), (a, 8); d = √ 50 12. (-9, 7), (a, 5); d = √ 29 Find the coordinates of the midpoint of the segment with the given endpoints. 14. (-3, -8), (-7, 2) 15. (0, -4), (3, 2) 16. (-13, -9), (-1, -5) ( ) ( 2) 1 1 17. 2, - − , 1, − 2 (3 ) ( 3) 2 1 18. − , -1 , 2, − y 19. BASEBALL Three players are warming up for a baseball game. Player B stands 9 feet to the right and 18 feet in front of Player A. Player C stands 8 feet to the left and 13 feet in front of Player A. 16 12 8 a. Draw a model of the situation on the coordinate grid. Assume that Player A is located at (0, 0). b. To the nearest tenth, what is the distance between Players A and B and between Players A and C? 4 -8 -4 O 4 8 x c. What is the distance between Players B and C? 20. MAPS Maria and Jackson live in adjacent neighborhoods. If they superimpose a coordinate grid on the map of their neighborhoods, Maria lives at (-9, 1) and Jackson lives at (5, -4). Chapter 10 146 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 13. (4, -6), (3, -9) NAME DATE 10-7 PERIOD Skills Practice Similar Triangles Determine whether each pair of triangles is similar. Justify your answer. E 1. B 40° A 3. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 60° 50° D 45° 57° V 40° J 40° Y W F C F E U 2. G K 60° 60° X K 4. G H Z F 65° 63° 52° J 52° E Find the missing measures for the pair of similar triangles if PQR ∼ STU. Q 5. r = 4, s = 6, t = 3, u = 2 P T p r 6. t = 8, p = 21, q = 14, r = 7 H s u q R S t U 7. p = 15, q = 10, r = 5, s = 6 8. p = 48, s = 16, t = 8, u = 4 3 1 9. q = 6, s = 2, t = − ,u=− 2 2 1 10. p = 3, q = 2, r = 1, u = − 3 11. p = 14, q = 7, u = 2.5, t = 5 9 21 12. r = 6, s = 3, t = − ,u=− 8 Chapter 10 4 147 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 10-7 PERIOD Practice Similar Triangles Determine whether each pair of triangles is similar. Justify your answer. U 1. P D 2. C R 31° Q S 59° G 80° 47° T 56° 47° F E H E Find the missing measures for the pair of similar triangles if ABC ∼ DEF. 3. c = 4, d = 12, e = 16, f = 8 f D B d e c F A a b C 4. e = 20, a = 24, b = 30, c = 15 5. a = 10, b = 12, c = 6, d = 4 7. b = 15, d = 16, e = 20, f = 10 8. a = 16, b = 22, c = 12, f = 8 5 11 9. a = − , b = 3, f = − ,e=7 2 2 10. c = 4, d = 6, e = 5.625, f = 12 11. SHADOWS Suppose you are standing near a building and you want to know its height. The building casts a 66-foot shadow. You cast a 3-foot shadow. If you are 5 feet 6 inches tall, how tall is the building? 12. MODELS Truss bridges use triangles in their support beams. Molly made a model of a truss bridge in the scale of 1 inch = 8 feet. If the height of the triangles on the model is 4.5 inches, what is the height of the triangles on the actual bridge? Chapter 10 148 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 6. a = 4, d = 6, e = 4, f = 3 NAME DATE 10-8 PERIOD Skills Practice Trigonometric Ratios Find the values of the three trigonometric ratios for angle A. " 2. 1. " 85 15 77 $ 9 # # 3. $ 15 4. $ $ " 10 8 24 " # # Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Use a calculator to find the value of each trigonometric ratio to the nearest ten-thousandth. 5. sin 18° 6. cos 68° 8. cos 60° 9. tan 75° 7. tan 27° 10. sin 9° Solve each right triangle. Round each side length to the nearest tenth. " 11. 17° 13 # 12. $ 6 $ # 55° " Find m ∠J for each right triangle to the nearest degree. 13. - 5 , - 14. 11 6 + 19 , + Chapter 10 149 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 10-8 PERIOD Practice Trigonometric Ratios Find the values of the three trigonometric ratios for angle A. 1. 2. # 15 97 $ 72 " # 36 $ " Use a calculator to find the value of each trigonometric ratio to the nearest ten-thousandth. 3. tan 26° 4. sin 53° 5. cos 81° Solve each right triangle. Round each side length to the nearest tenth. 6. 7. $ # 22 67° 29° # 9 " Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. " $ Find m∠J for each right triangle to the nearest degree. 8. - 11 9. + + - 5 12 18 , , # 10. SURVEYING If point A is 54 feet from the tree, and the angle between the ground at point A and the top of the tree is 25°, find the height h of the tree. h 25° " Chapter 10 150 54 ft $ Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 11-1 PERIOD Skills Practice Inverse Variation Determine whether each table or equation represents an inverse or a direct variation. Explain. 1. x y 0.5 8 1 4 2 2 4 1 2 2. xy = − 3. -2x + y = 0 3 Assume that y varies inversely as x. Write an inverse variation equation that relates x and y. Then graph the equation. 4. y = 2 when x = 5 8 5. y = -6 when x = -6 y 16 8 4 -8 -4 4 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. O 8 -16 -8 O 8x -4 -8 -8 -16 6. y = -4 when x = -12 16 y 16 x 7. y = 15 when x = 3 y 20 8 y 10 -16 -8 -20 -10 O 8 16 x O -8 -10 -16 -20 10 20 x Solve. Assume that y varies inversely as x. 8. If y = 4 when x = 8, find y when x = 2. 9. If y = -7 when x = 3, find y when x = -3. 10. If y = -6 when x = -2, find y when x = 4. 11. If y = -24 when x = -3, find x when y = -6. 12. If y = 15 when x = 1, find x when y = -3. 13. If y = 48 when x = -4, find y when x = 6. 1 14. If y = -4 when x = − , find x when y = 2. 2 Chapter 11 151 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 11-1 PERIOD Practice Inverse Variation Determine whether each table or equation represents an inverse or a direct variation. Explain. 1. 2. y x 3. − x = -3 y x y 0.25 40 -2 0.5 20 0 0 2 5 2 -8 8 1.25 4 -16 7 4. y = − x 8 Asssume that y varies inversely as x. Write an inverse variation equation that relates x and y. Then graph the equation. 5. y = -2 when x = -12 16 y 24 8 -16 -8 O 6. y = -6 when x = -5 7. y = 2.5 when x = 2 y y 12 8 16 x -24 -12 O -8 -12 -16 -24 12 24 x O x 8. If y = 124 when x = 12, find y when x = -24. 9. If y = -8.5 when x = 6, find y when x = -2.5. 10. If y = 3.2 when x = -5.5, find y when x = 6.4. 11. If y = 0.6 when x = 7.5, find y when x = -1.25. 12. EMPLOYMENT The manager of a lumber store schedules 6 employees to take inventory in an 8-hour work period. The manager assumes all employees work at the same rate. a. Suppose 2 employees call in sick. How many hours will 4 employees need to take inventory? b. If the district supervisor calls in and says she needs the inventory finished in 6 hours, how many employees should the manager assign to take inventory? 13. TRAVEL Jesse and Joaquin can drive to their grandparents’ home in 3 hours if they average 50 miles per hour. Since the road between the homes is winding and mountainous, their parents prefer they average between 40 and 45 miles per hour. How long will it take to drive to the grandparents’ home at the reduced speed? Chapter 11 152 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Write an inverse variation equation that relates x and y. Assume that y varies inversely as x. Then solve. NAME DATE 11-2 PERIOD Skills Practice Rational Functions State the excluded value for each function. 6 1. y = − x 2 2. y = − x 3. y = − x-3 4. y = − 3x - 5 5. y = − -5 6. y = − x 7. y = − x-1 8. y = − 9 9. y = − x-2 x+4 x+6 x+8 3x + 21 2x - 14 9x - 36 5x + 40 Identify the asymptotes of each function. Then graph the function. 3 11. y = − x 1 10. y = − x 2 12. y = − x+1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. y y x 0 3 13. y = − x-2 y y x x 0 153 x 0 1 15. y = − +3 x+1 y Chapter 11 x 0 2 14. y = − -1 x-2 0 y 0 x Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 11-2 PERIOD Practice Rational Functions State the excluded value for each function. 2x 3. y = − -1 1. y = − x 3 2. y = − x-1 4. y = − 5. y = − x-5 x+5 x+1 2x + 3 12x + 36 1 6. y = − 5x - 2 Identify the asymptotes of each function. Then graph the function. 3 8. y = − x 1 7. y = − x y y x y x 0 1 11. y = − +2 x+2 2 12. y = − -1 x-3 y x+1 y x x 0 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 2 10. y = − 0 x-1 y x x 0 13. AIR TRAVEL Denver, Colorado, is located approximately 1000 miles from Indianapolis, Indiana. The average speed of a 1000 plane traveling between the two cities is given by y = − x , where x is the total flight time. Graph the function. 0 1000 Average Speed (mph) 0 2 9. y = − 800 600 400 200 0 1 2 3 4 5 Total Flight Time Chapter 11 154 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 11-3 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Simplifying Rational Expressions State the excluded values for each rational expression. 2p p-7 2. − k+2 k -4 4. − 2 y2 - 9 y + 3y - 18 b 2 - 2b - 8 6. − 2 1. − 3. − 2 5. − 2 4n + 1 n+ 4 3x + 15 x - 25 b + 7b + 10 Simplify each expression. State the excluded values of the variables. 21bc 7. − 2 12m 2r 8. − 3 16x 3y 2 36x y 8a 2b 3 10. − 3 n+6 3n + 18 4x - 4 12. − y 2 - 64 y+8 14. − z+1 z -1 16. − 2 2d + 10 d - 2d - 35 3h - 9 18. − 2 t 2 + 5t + 6 t + 6t + 8 20. − 2 x 2 + 10x + 24 x - 2x - 24 22. − 2 28bc Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 9. − 5 3 11. − 13. − 15. − 2 17. − 2 19. − 2 21. − 2 Chapter 11 24mr 40a b 4x + 4 y 2 - 7y - 18 y-9 x+6 x + 2x - 24 h - 7h + 12 a 2 + 3a - 4 a + 2a - 8 b 2 - 6b + 9 b - 9b + 18 155 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 11-3 PERIOD Practice Simplifying Rational Expressions State the excluded values for each rational expression. p 2 - 16 p - 13p + 36 4n - 28 1. − 2 2 - 2a - 15 − 3. a 2 2. − 2 n - 49 a + 8a + 15 Simplify each expression. State the excluded values of the variables. 6xyz 3 3x y z 12a 4. − 3 36k 3np 2 20k np 5. − 2 2 48a 3 4 5c d 7. − 2 4 2 40cd + 5c d 2 - 4m - 12 − 9. m m-6 2b - 14 11. − 2 6. − 2 5 p 2 - 8p + 12 p-2 8. − m+3 m -9 10. − 2 x 2 - 7x + 10 x - 2x - 15 b - 9b + 14 12. − 2 y 2 + 6y - 16 y - 4y + 4 14. − 2 13. − 2 2 t - 81 15. − 2 r 2 - 7r + 6 r + 6r - 7 r2 + r - 6 r + 4r - 12 t - 12t + 27 16. − 2 2x 2 + 18x + 36 3x - 3x - 36 18. − 2 17. − 2 2y 2 + 9y + 4 4y - 4y - 3 a. Write an expression that represents the cost of the band as a fraction of the total amount spent for the school dance. b. If d is $1650, what percent of the budget did the band account for? 20. PHYSICAL SCIENCE Mr. Kaminksi plans to dislodge a tree stump in his yard by using a 6-foot bar as a lever. He places the bar so that 0.5 foot extends from the fulcrum to the end of the bar under the tree stump. In the diagram, b represents the total length of the bar and t represents the portion of the bar beyond the fulcrum. b fulcrum t tree stump a. Write an equation that can be used to calculate the mechanical advantage. b. What is the mechanical advantage? c. If a force of 200 pounds is applied to the end of the lever, what is the force placed on the tree stump? Chapter 11 156 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 19. ENTERTAINMENT Fairfield High spent d dollars for refreshments, decorations, and advertising for a dance. In addition, they hired a band for $550. NAME DATE 11-4 PERIOD Skills Practice Multiplying and Dividing Rational Expressions Find each product. 14 c 5 ·− 1. − 2 3m 2 t2 2. − · − 2a 2b b 3. − ·− a b 2c 4. − ·− 2 c 2c 3(4m - 6) 18r 2 9r 5. − · − (y - 3)(y + 3) 4 2(4m - 6) 8 7. − · − y+3 (a - 7)(a + 7) a(a + 5) a+5 a+7 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 9. − · − 2t 12 2x 2y 3x y 3xy 4y 4(n + 2) n-2 6. − · − n(n - 2) n+2 (x - 2)(x + 2) x(8x + 3) 2(8x + 3) x-2 8. − · − 4(b + 4) b-3 10. − · − b+4 (b - 4)(b - 3) Find each quotient. c3 d3 ÷− 11. − 3 3 x3 x3 12. − ÷− 2 y y 6a3 2a2 13. − ÷− 2 2 4m3 2m 14. − ÷− rp rp2 d 4f c 12f 3b + 3 b+2 15. − ÷ (b + 1) x-5 16. − ÷ (x - 5) 2 x+3 - x - 12 17. x− ÷− 2 - 5a - 6 a-6 − 18. a ÷− 6 x-4 x+3 3 a+1 y2 + 10y + 25 3y - 9 y+5 y-3 m2 + 2m + 1 10m - 10 m+1 20 20. − ÷ − b+4 b - 8b + 16 2b + 8 b-8 22. − ÷ − 19. − ÷ − 21. − ÷ − 2 Chapter 11 6x + 6 x-1 157 x2 + 3x + 2 2x - 2 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 11-4 PERIOD Practice Multiplying and Dividing Rational Expressions Find each product. 3 18x 2 15y − 1. − · 2 10y 24rt 2 12r 3t 2 2. − ·− 4 3 2 24x 8r t (x + 2)(x + 2) 8 4. − · − (x + 2)(x - 2) a+3 a-6 4x + 8 x a-4 5. − ·− 2 n 2 + 10n + 16 5n - 10 x 6. − · − 2 2 b 2 + 5b + 4 b - 36 y 2 - 8y + 16 y-3 8. − · − 2 n + 9n + 8 b 2 + 5b - 6 b + 2b - 8 x - 5x - 14 3y - 9 y - 9y + 20 n-2 7. − · − 2 9. − · − 2 2 (m - 6)(m + 4) (m + 7) m+7 (m - 6)(m + 2) 72 3. − · − a - a - 12 36r t t 2 + 6t + 9 t 2 - t - 20 10. − · − 2 2 t - 10t + 25 mn2p3 xy t + 7t + 12 mnp2 xy 28a2 21a3 11. − ÷− 2 12. − ÷− 4 2 3 2a 13. − ÷ (a + 1) z2 - 16 14. − ÷ (z - 4) 7b 35b a-1 4y + 20 y-3 3z y+5 2y - 6 4x + 12 6x - 24 2x + 6 x+3 16. − ÷ − b2 + 2b - 8 2b - 8 17. − ÷− 2 3x - 3 6x - 6 18. − ÷ − 2 2 2 a2 + 8a + 12 - 4a - 12 − 19. − ÷ a 2 2 20. − ÷ − 2 2 b - 11b + 18 a - 7a + 10 2b - 18 a + 3a - 10 x - 6x + 9 x - 5x + 6 y2 + 6y - 7 y + 8y - 9 y2 + 9y + 14 y + 7y - 18 21. BIOLOGY The heart of an average person pumps about 9000 liters of blood per day. How many quarts of blood does the heart pump per hour? (Hint: One quart is equal to 0.946 liter.) Round to the nearest whole number. 22. TRAFFIC On Saturday, it took Ms. Torres 24 minutes to drive 20 miles from her home to her office. During Friday’s rush hour, it took 75 minutes to drive the same distance. a. What was Ms. Torres’s average speed in miles per hour on Saturday? b. What was her average speed in miles per hour on Friday? Chapter 11 158 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 15. − ÷ − NAME DATE 11-5 PERIOD Skills Practice Dividing Polynomials Find each quotient. 1. (20x2 + 12x) ÷ 4x 2. (18n2 + 6n) ÷ 3n 3. (b2 - 12b + 5) ÷ 2b 4. (8r2 + 5r - 20) ÷ 4r 12p3r2 + 18p2r - 6pr 6p r 6. −− 7. (x2 - 5x - 6) ÷ (x - 6) 8. (a2 - 10a + 16) ÷ (a - 2) 9. (n2 - n - 20) ÷ (n + 4) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 15k2u - 10ku + 25u2 5ku 5. −− 2 10. ( y2 + 4y - 21) ÷ ( y - 3) 11. (h2 - 6h + 9) ÷ (h - 2) 12. (b2 + 5b - 2) ÷ (b + 6) 13. ( y2 + 6y + 1) ÷ ( y + 2) 14. (m2 - 2m - 5) ÷ (m - 3) 2 - 5c - 3 − 15. 2c 16. − 3 - 3x2 - 6x - 20 17. x−− 18. − 3 - 6n - 2 − 19. n 20. − 2c + 1 x-5 n+1 Chapter 11 2r2 + 6r - 20 2r - 4 p3 - 4p2 + p + 6 p-2 y3 - y2 - 40 y-4 159 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 11-5 DATE PERIOD Practice Dividing Polynomials Find each quotient. 1. (6q2 - 18q - 9) ÷ 9q 12a2b - 3ab2 + 42ab 6a b 2. (y2 + 6y + 2) ÷ 3y 3. −− 2 4. −− 3 5. (x2 - 3x - 40) ÷ (x + 5) 6. (3m2 - 20m + 12) ÷ (m - 6) 7. (a2 + 5a + 20) ÷ (a - 3) 8. (x2 - 3x - 2) ÷ (x + 7) 9. (t2 + 9t + 28) ÷ (t + 3) 2m3p2 + 56mp - 4m2p3 8m p 10. (n2 - 9n + 25) ÷ (n - 4) 2 - 5r - 56 − 11. 6r 13. (x3 + 2x2 - 16) ÷ (x - 2) 14. (t3 - 11t - 6) ÷ (t + 3) 3r + 8 16. −− 2k3 + 7k2 - 7 2k - 3 18. − 17. − 6d3 + d2 - 2d + 17 2d + 3 9y3 - y - 1 3y + 2 19. LANDSCAPING Jocelyn is designing a bed for cactus specimens at a botanical garden. The total area can be modeled by the expression 2x2 + 7x + 3, where x is in feet. a. Suppose in one design the length of the cactus bed is 4x, and in another, the length is 2x + 1. What are the widths of the two designs? b. If x = 3 feet, what will be the dimensions of the cactus bed in each of the designs? 1 20. FURNITURE Teri is upholstering the seats of four chairs and a bench. She needs − 4 1 square yard of fabric for each chair, and − square yard for the bench. If the fabric at 2 the store is 45 inches wide, how many yards of fabric will Teri need to cover the chairs and the bench if there is no waste? Chapter 11 160 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. x3 + 6x2 + 3x + 1 x-2 15. −− 20w2 + 39w + 18 5w + 6 12. −− NAME DATE 11-6 PERIOD Skills Practice Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions Find each sum or difference. 2y 5 y 5 5r 4r 2. − +− 1. − + − 9 t+3 3. − - −t 7 c+8 4 c+6 4 g+2 4 g-8 4 4. − - − 7 x+2 3 9 5. − + − x+5 3 6. − + − x 1 7. − -− 3r r 8. − -− x-1 x-1 r+3 r+3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Find the LCM of each pair of polynomials. 9. 4x2y, 12xy2 10. n + 2, n - 3 11. 2r - 1, r + 4 12. t + 4, 4t + 16 Find each sum or difference. 5 2 13. − -− 2 4r 5x 2x 14. − -− 2 r 3y 9y x 4 15. − -− d-1 3 16. − -− b 2 17. − +− k k-1 18. − +− x 3x + 15 + − 19. − 2 x-3 20. − +− 2 x+2 b-1 x - 25 Chapter 11 x-1 b-4 x+5 d-2 k-5 d+5 k+5 x - 4x + 4 161 x+2 x-2 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 11-6 PERIOD Practice Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions Find each sum or difference. n 3n 1. − +− 8 w+9 9 7u 5u 2. − +− 8 16 w+4 9 3. − + − 16 x-6 x-7 4. − -− n + 14 n - 14 5. − - − 6 -2 6. − -− x-5 -2 7. − +− r+5 2r - 1 8. − + − 9. − + − 2 x+2 2 5 x+2 r-5 5 c-1 4p + 14 p+4 r-5 c-1 2p + 10 p+4 Find the LCM of each pair of polynomials. 10. 3a3b2, 18ab3 11. w - 4, w + 2 12. 5d - 20, d - 4 13. 6p + 1, p - 1 14. x2 + 5x + 4, (x + 1)2 15. m2 + 3m - 10, m2 - 4 6p 5x 2p 3x m+4 m-3 2 17. − - − 16. −2 - − y+3 y - 16 3y - 2 y + 8y + 16 18. − + − 2 2 t+3 t - 3t - 10 4t - 8 20. − - − 2 2 t - 10t + 25 m-6 p+1 p + 3p - 4 p p+4 19. − + − 2 4y y -y-6 3y + 3 y -4 21. − -− 2 2 22. SERVICE Members of the ninth grade class at Pine Ridge High School are organizing into service groups. What is the minimum number of students who must participate for all students to be divided into groups of 4, 6, or 9 students with no one left out? 23. GEOMETRY Find an expression for the perimeter of rectangle ABCD. Use the formula P = 2 + 2w. A 5a + 4b 2a + b B 3a + 2b 2a + b D Chapter 11 162 C Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Find each sum or difference. NAME DATE 11-7 PERIOD Skills Practice Mixed Expressions and Complex Fractions Write each mixed expression as a rational expression. 4 1. 6 + − 6 2. 7 + − p b 3. 4b + − c 4. 8q - − r 4 5. 2 + − 6 6. 5 - − 12 7. b2 + − 6 8. m - − h 2q d-5 f+2 m-7 b+3 r+9 2r Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. a-2 9. 2a + − a 10. 4r - − Simplify each expression. 11. 2 − 3 4− 4 2 14. a − 3 r − 2 2 3− 1 2− 12. 3 − 2 5− 5 n 13. − 2 r − n x2y r-2 − 15. −3 16. − − c b − a − b r+3 r-2 − 3 xy − c2 w+4 − w 17. − 2 w - 16 − w k2 + 5k + 6 − k2 - 9 20. − k+2 Chapter 11 2 b -4 − 2 2 x -1 − x b + 7b + 10 18. − 19. − x-1 − 2 b-2 x 12 g+− 9 p+− 21. − 22. − g+8 g+6 163 p-6 p-3 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 11-7 PERIOD Practice Mixed Expressions and Complex Fractions Write each mixed expression as a rational expression. 9 1. 14 - − u 4d 2. 7d + − c b+3 2b 5. 3 + − 2 a-1 6. 2a + − p+1 p-3 n-1 8. 4n2 + − 2 4 9. (t + 1) + − 4. 5b - − 7. 2p + − t+5 t -1 n -1 Simplify each expression. 5 10. − 5 2− 6 a-4 − 2 a - 16 − a b2 + b - 12 − b2 + 3b - 4 − b-3 − b2 - b t+5 12. x2 - y2 x − x+y − 3x 15. k2 + 6k k + 4k - 5 − k-8 − k2 - 9k + 8 2 6p 3m − p2 11. − q2 - 7q + 12 − q2 - 16 14. − q-3 g - 10 g+9 − -5 g− g+4 − 2 6 y+− − 17. − 2 y-7 7 y-− y+6 18. − 1 19. TRAVEL Ray and Jan are on a 12− -hour drive from Springfield, Missouri, to Chicago, 2 1 hours. Illinois. They stop for a break every 3 − 4 a. Write an expression to model this situation. b. How many stops will Ray and Jan make before arriving in Chicago? 1 20. CARPENTRY Tai needs several 2 − -inch wooden rods to reinforce the frame on a futon. 4 1 -inch dowel purchased from a hardware store. How many She can cut the rods from a 24 − 2 wooden rods can she cut from the dowel? Chapter 11 164 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. a 13. − 2 a+1 m − 2 3− 16. 6-n 3. 3n + − n NAME DATE 11-8 PERIOD Skills Practice Rational Functions and Equations Solve each equation. State any extraneous solutions. 5 2 1. − c =− 3 5 2. − q =− 7 12 3. − =− 3 5 4. − =− c+3 m+1 q+4 m+2 y y-2 x+2 y+1 y-5 5. − = − b+4 b-2 6. − =− 3m 10m 1 7. − -− =− 7g 5g 1 8. − + − =− 2 4 b 8 9 2a + 5 2a 1 9. − - − = -− 6 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. x+8 c+2 3 2 c+3 b+2 3 6 n-3 n-5 1 10. − +− =− 10 5 2 11. − c +− c =7 3b - 4 b-7 12. − -− =1 m-4 1 m – 11 13. − =− m -− m m+4 f+2 f+1 1 14. − - − = − r+3 r-1 b f u+1 u-2 b f+5 f r 15. − - − =0 u 16. − - − =0 -2 2 17. − +− x =1 x+1 5 m 18. − -− =1 r-3 m–4 u+1 2m – 8 19. ACTIVISM Maury and Tyra are making phone calls to state representatives’ offices to lobby for an issue. Maury can call all 120 state representatives in 10 hours. Tyra can call all 120 state representatives in 8 hours. How long would it take them to call all 120 state representatives together? Chapter 11 165 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 11-8 DATE PERIOD Practice Rational Functions and Equations Solve each equation. State any extraneous solutions. x 2. − =− k+5 k-1 3. − = − 4y 5y 1 5. − + − =− 6. − - − = -1 7. − - − = − 5 3 8. − -− =0 3t 1 9. − -− =1 4x 2x 10. − -− =1 d-3 d-4 1 11. − -− =− 12. − + − = -3 m+2 7 2 13. − -−=− 1 14. − = -− n +− n n+3 5 7 1. − =− n+2 n+6 2h + 1 h+2 2h 4. − =− h-1 2q - 1 6 2x + 1 q 3 x+4 x-6 x-5 3 q+4 18 2x + 3 m+2 m-2 2p p-2 p+2 p -4 3 16. − + − =1 2 2 p-1 6 p+2 d d-2 n+2 n+5 x+7 x -9 d x 17. − -− =1 2 x+3 k k+9 y-2 4 y+2 5 3t - 3 9t + 3 3y - 2 y-2 y2 2-y 6-z 1 15. − -− =0 z+1 6z n+6 n - 16 2n 18. − -− =1 2 n-4 a. Write an equation that could be used to determine how long it would take Tracey to do the layout by herself. b. How long would it take Tracey to do the job alone? 20. TRAVEL Emilio made arrangements to have Lynda pick him up from an auto repair shop after he dropped his car off. He called Lynda to tell her he would start walking and to look for him on the way. Emilio and Lynda live 10 miles from the auto shop. It takes 1 Emilio 2− hours to walk the distance and Lynda 15 minutes to drive the distance. 4 a. If Emilio and Lynda leave at the same time, when should Lynda expect to spot Emilio on the road? b. How far will Emilio have walked when Lynda picks him up? Chapter 11 166 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 19. PUBLISHING Tracey and Alan publish a 10-page independent newspaper once a month. At production, Alan usually spends 6 hours on the layout of the paper. When Tracey helps, layout takes 3 hours and 20 minutes. NAME 12-1 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Designing a Survey Identify each sample, and suggest a population from which it was selected. Then classify the type of data collection used. 1. LANDSCAPING A homeowner is concerned about the quality of the topsoil in her back yard. The back yard is divided into 5 equal sections, and then a 1-inch plug of topsoil is randomly removed from each of the 5 sections. The soil is taken to a nursery and analyzed for mineral content. 2. HEALTH A hospital’s administration is interested in opening a gym on the premises for all its employees. They ask each member of the night-shift emergency room staff if he or she would use the gym, and if so, what hours the employee would prefer to use it. 3. POLITICS A senator wants to know her approval rating among the constituents in her state. She sends questionnaires to the households of 1000 registered voters. Identify each sample as biased or unbiased. Explain your reasoning. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 4. MANUFACTURING A company that produces motherboards for computers randomly selects 25 boxed motherboards out of a shipment of 1500, and then tests each selected motherboard to see that it meets specifications. 5. GOVERNMENT The first 100 people entering a county park on Thursday are asked their opinions on a proposed county ordinance that would allow dogs in county parks to go unleashed in certain designated areas. Identify the sample and suggest a population from which it was selected. Then classify the sample as simple, stratified, or systematic. Explain your reasoning. 6. MUSIC To determine the music preferences of their customers, the owners of a music store randomly choose 10 customers to participate in an in-store interview in which they listen to new CDs from artists in all music categories. 7. LIBRARIES A community library asks every tenth patron who enters the library to name the type or genre of book he or she is most likely to borrow. They conduct the interviews from opening to closing on three days of the week. They will use the data for new acquisitions. 8. COMPUTERS To determine the number of students who use computers at home, the high school office chooses 10 students at random from each grade, and then interviews the students. Chapter 12 167 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 12-1 DATE PERIOD Practice Designing a Survey Identify each sample, suggest a population from which it was selected. Then classify the type of data collection used. 1. GOVERNMENT At a town council meeting, the chair asks 5 citizens attending for their opinions on whether to approve rezoning for a residential area. 2. BOTANY To determine the extent of leaf blight in the maple trees at a nature preserve, a botanist divides the reserve into 10 sections, randomly selects a 200-foot by 200-foot square in the section, and then examines all the maple trees in the section. 3. FINANCES To determine the popularity of online banking in the United States, a polling company sends a mail-in survey to 5000 adults to see if they bank online, and if they do, how many times they bank online each month. Identify each sample as biased or unbiased. Explain your reasoning. 4. SHOES A shoe manufacturer wants to check the quality of its shoes. Every twenty minutes, 20 pairs of shoes are pulled off the assembly line for a quality inspection. For Question 6, identify the sample, and suggest a population from which it was selected. Then classify the sample as simple, stratified, or systematic. Explain your reasoning. 6. BUSINESS An insurance company checks every hundredth claim payment to ensure that claims have been processed correctly. 7. ENVIRONMENT Suppose you want to know if a manufacturing plant is discharging contaminants into a local river. Describe an unbiased way in which you could check the river water for contaminants. 8. SCHOOL Suppose you want to know the issues most important to teachers at your school. Describe an unbiased way in which you could conduct your survey. Chapter 12 168 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 5. BUSINESS To learn which benefits employees at a large company think are most important, the management has a computer select 50 employees at random. The employees are then interviewed by the Human Relations department. NAME 12-2 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Analyzing Survey Results Which measure of central tendency best represents the data? Justify your answer. Then find the measure. 1. SNOWFALL A weather station keeps records of how many inches of snow fall each week: {9, 2, 0, 3, 0, 2, 1, 2, 3, 1}. 2. SALES A supermarket keeps records of how many boxes of cereal are sold each day in a week: {12, 9, 11, 14, 19, 49, 18}. 3. ELECTIONS A city councilman keeps track of the number of votes he receives in each district: {68, 66, 58, 59, 61, 62, 67}. Given the following portion of a survey report, evaluate the validity of the information and conclusion. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 4. ECONOMY The Gallup polling company interviewed 1464 U.S. adults nationwide. Question: How would you rate economic conditions in this country today? Results: excellent, 3%; good, 22%; only fair, 44%; poor 32% Conclusion: Americans have confidence in the economy. 5. DOGS A pet store surveyed its customers to find their favorite breed of dog. Question: What is your favorite breed of dog? Results: golden retriever, 26%; collie, 19%; terrier, 11%; bulldog, 8%; pug, 24%; other, 12% Conclusion: The golden retriever is the favorite dog of most customers. Determine whether each display gives an accurate picture of the survey results. Incinerator Vote 6. TRASH INCINERATORS A local newspaper surveyed 350 530 randomly chosen Eastwich residents. Question: Do you support closing the trash incinerator in Eastwich? 300 Conclusion: Eastwich residents overwhelmingly support closing the trash incinerator. 250 200 0 7. ISSUES A television station interviewed 400 randomly chosen voters. Question: What issue matters most to you in choosing a candidate to vote for? Conclusion: Most voters do not care about the environment. &OWJSPONFOU 8BS 169 No Voter Concerns Chapter 12 Yes 4PDJBM*TTVFT &DPOPNZ Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 12-2 DATE PERIOD Practice Analyzing Survey Results Which measure of central tendency best represents the data? Justify your answer. Then find the measure. 1. CALCULATORS The math department counts how many graphing calculators are in each classroom: {20, 19, 20, 20, 18, 19, 20, 18, 19}. 2. BUDGETING The Brady family keeps track of its monthly electric bills: {$134, $122, $128, $127, $136, $120, $129}. 3. AUTOMATED TELLERS A bank keeps track of how many customers use its ATM each hour: {39, 42, 44, 120, 54, 48, 43}. Given the following portion of a survey report, evaluate the validity of the information and conclusion. 4. HOMEWORK Chris polled 16 of his friends during study hall. Question: Do teachers at Edison High School assign too much homework? Results: yes, 94%; no, 6% Conclusion: Teachers at Edison High School should assign less homework. Determine whether the display gives an accurate picture of the survey results. 6. REDEVELOPMENT A local news broadcast commissioned a poll of 600 randomly chosen Providence residents. Question: Do you support or oppose the redevelopment of the waterfront? Conclusion: Providence residents support redeveloping the waterfront. Waterfront Redevelopment 4VQQPSU 0QQPTF 4USPOHMZ 0QQPTF 6OEFDJEFE 4USPOHMZ 4VQQPSU 7. PETS Ernesto took a poll of randomly selected students at his high school and asked them how many pets they owned. He recorded the results and made the graph shown at the right. Write a valid conclusion using data to support your answer. Pets None One Two or More 0 Chapter 12 170 20 40 60 80 100 120 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 5. SMOKING SurveyUSA polled 500 randomly selected adults in Kentucky. Question: Do you want to see smoking banned from restaurants, bars, and most indoor public places in Kentucky? Results: banned, 58%; allowed, 41%; not sure, 1% Conclusion: The United States should ban smoking indoors. NAME 12-3 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Statistics and Parameters Identify the sample and the population for each situation. Then describe the sample statistic and the population parameter. 1. RESTAURANTS A restaurant randomly selects 10 patrons on Saturday night. The median amount spent on beverages is then calculated for the sample. 2. KITTENS A veterinarian randomly selects 3 kittens from a litter. The mean weight of the 3 kittens is calculated. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 3. PRODUCE A produce clerk randomly selects 20 bags of apples from each week’s shipment and counts the total number of apples in each bag. The mode number of apples is calculated for the sample. Find the mean absolute deviation. 4. WILDLIFE A researcher counts the number of river otters observed on each acre of land in a state park: {0, 10, 14, 6, 0, 8, 4}. 5. FISHING A fisherman records the weight of each black bass he catches during a fishing trip: {12, 7, 8, 13, 6, 14}. 6. BUDGETING Xavier keeps track of how much money he spends on gasoline each week: {20, 13, 26, 0, 33, 16, 18}. Find the mean, variance, and standard deviation of each set of data. 7. {2, 0, 10, 4} 9. {10, 9, 13, 6, 7} 11. {23, 18, 28, 26, 15} 8. {6, 7, 6, 9} 10. {6, 8, 2, 3, 2, 9} 12. {44, 35, 50, 37, 43, 38, 40} 13. PARKING A city councilor wants to know how much revenue the city would earn by installing parking meters on Main Street. He counts the number of cars parked on Main Street each weekday: {64, 79, 81, 53, 63}. Find the standard deviation. Chapter 12 171 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 12-3 DATE PERIOD Practice Statistics and Parameters Identify the sample and the population for each situation. Then describe the sample statistic and the population parameter. 1. MARINE BIOLOGY A marine biologist randomly selects 30 oysters from a research tank. The mean weight of the 30 oysters is calculated. 2. CIVIL ENGINEERING A civic engineer randomly selects 5 city intersections with traffic lights. The median length of a red light is calculated for the sample. 3. BASEBALL A baseball commissioner randomly selects 10 home games played by a major league team. The median attendance is calculated for the games in the sample. 4. INVESTING A stock broker keeps a record of the daily closing price of a share of stock in Bicsomm Corporation: {45.20, 46.10, 46.85, 42.55, 40.80}. 5. GOLF A golfer keeps track of his scores for each round: {78, 81, 86, 77, 75}. 6. WEATHER A meteorologist keeps track of the number of thunderstorms occuring each month in Sussex County: {0, 4, 7, 1, 3, 5, 2}. Find the mean, variance, and standard deviation of each set of data. 7. {6, 11, 16, 9} 9. {23.4, 16.8, 9.7, 22.1} 11. {145, 166, 171, 150, 88} 8. {2, 5, 8, 11, 4} 5 11 1 , 4, − , −, 3} 10. {1, − 2 2 2 12. {13, 24, 22, 17, 14, 29, 15, 22} 13. QUALITY CONTROL An inspector checks each automobile that comes off of the assembly line. He keeps a record of the number of defective cars each day: {3, 1, 2, 0, 0, 4, 3, 6, 1, 2}. Find the standard deviation. Chapter 12 172 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Find the mean absolute deviation. NAME 12-4 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Permutations and Combinations Use the Fundamental Counting Principle to evaluate each of the following. 1. SCHOOL PLAY Joseph and eight friends are attending the school play. How many ways can Joseph and his friends sit in 9 empty seats? 2. VIDEOS Sanjay is arranging his 6 favorite videos on a shelf. In how many ways can he do this? Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Evaluate each expression. 3. P(5, 2) 4. P(6, 4) 5. P(7, 3) 6. P(9, 4) 7. P(7, 5) 8. P(5, 3) 9. C(6, 2) 10. C(9, 7) 11. C(8, 4) 12. C(7, 5) 13. C(12, 2) 14. C(13, 7) 15. C(11, 2) 16. P(5, 4) 17. C(14, 5) 18. C(11, 6) 19. P(4, 2) 20. C(8, 6) Chapter 12 173 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME DATE 12-4 PERIOD Practice Permutations and Combinations Use the Fundamental Counting Principle to evaluate each of the following. 1. ERRANDS Wesley needs to stop at 6 stores on the way home from work. How many ways can Wesley arrange the 6 stops he needs to make? 2. VOTING There are 8 people waiting in line to cast their votes. How many ways can the pepole line up to vote? Evaluate each expression. 4. P(6, 3) 5. P(15, 3) 6. C(10, 9) 7. C(12, 9) 8. C(7, 3) 9. C(7, 4) 10. C(12, 4) 11. P(13, 3) 12. C(16, 12) 13. C(17, 2) 14. C(16, 15) 15. P(20, 5) 16. P(11, 7) 17. P(13, 1) 18. C(19, 16) 19. P(15, 4) 20. C(14, 7) 21. SPORTS In how many orders can the top five finishers in a race finish? 22. JUDICIAL PROCEDURE The court system in a community needs to assign 3 out of 8 judges to a docket of criminal cases. Five of the judges are male and three are female. a. Does the selection of judges involve a permutation or a combination? b. In how many ways could three judges be chosen? c. If the judges are chosen randomly, what is the probability that all 3 judges are male? Chapter 12 174 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 3. P(11, 3) NAME 12-5 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Probability of Compound Events A bag contains 2 green, 9 brown, 7 yellow, and 4 blue marbles. Once a marble is selected, it is not replaced. Find each probability. 1. P(brown, then yellow) 2. P(green, then blue) 3. P(yellow, then yellow) 4. P(blue, then blue) 5. P(green, then not blue) 6. P(brown, then not green) A die is rolled and a spinner like the one at the right is spun. Find each probability. A D 7. P(4 and A) B C 8. P(an even number and C) 9. P(2 or 5 and B or D) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 10. P(a number less than 5 and B, C, or D) A card is being drawn from a standard deck of playing cards. Determine whether the events are mutually exclusive or not mutually exclusive. Then find the probability. 11. P(jack or ten) 12. P(red or black) 13. P(queen or club) 14. P(red or ace) 15. P(diamond or black) 16. P(face card or spade) Tiles numbered 1 through 20 are placed in a box. Tiles numbered 11 through 30 are placed in a second box. The first tile is randomly drawn from the first box. The second tile is randomly drawn from the second box. Find each probability. 17. P(both are greater than 15) 18. The first tile is odd and the second tile is less than 25. 19. The first tile is a multiple of 6 and the second tile is a multiple of 4. 20. The first tile is less than 15 and the second tile is even or greater than 25. Chapter 12 175 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 12-5 DATE PERIOD Practice Probability of Compound Events A bag contains 5 red, 3 brown, 6 yellow, and 2 blue marbles. Once a marble is selected, it is not replaced. Find each probability. 1. P(brown, then yellow, then red) 2. P(red, then red, then blue) 3. P(yellow, then yellow, then not blue) 4. P(brown, then brown, then not yellow) A die is rolled and a card is drawn from a standard deck of 52 cards. Find each probability. 5. P(6 and king) 6. P(odd number and black) 7. P(less than 3 and heart) 8. P(greater than 1 and black ace) A card is being drawn from a standard deck of playing cards. Determine whether the events are mutually exclusive or not mutually exclusive. Then find the probability. 9. P(spade or numbered card) 11. P(red or not face card) 10. P(ace or red queen) 12. P(heart or not queen) 13. P(both are greater than 15 and less than 20) 14. The first tile is greater than 10 and the second tile is less than 25 or even. 15. The first tile is a multiple of 3 or prime and the second tile is a multiple of 5. 16. The first tile is less than 9 or odd and the second tile is a multiple of 4 or less than 21. 17. WEATHER The forecast predicts a 40% chance of rain on Tuesday and a 60% chance on Wednesday. If these probabilities are independent, what is the chance that it will rain on both days? 18. FOOD Tomaso places favorite recipes in a bag for 4 pasta dishes, 5 casseroles, 3 types of chili, and 8 desserts. a. If Tomaso chooses one recipe at random, what is the probability that he selects a pasta dish or a casserole? b. If Tomaso chooses one recipe at random, what is the probability that he does not select a dessert? c. If Tomaso chooses two recipes at random without replacement, what is the probability that the first recipe he selects is a casserole and the second recipe he selects is a dessert? Chapter 12 176 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Tiles numbered 1 through 25 are placed in a box. Tiles numbered 11 through 30 are placed in a second box. The first tile is randomly drawn from the first box. The second tile is randomly drawn from the second box. Find each probability. NAME 12-6 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Probability Distributions For Exercises 1–3, the spinner shown is spun three times. 1. Write the sample space with all possible outcomes. GREEN BLUE 2. Find the probability distribution X, where X represents the number of times the spinner lands on green for X = 0, X = 1, X = 2, and X = 3. 3. Make a probability histogram of the data. Spinner Probability Distribution 0.4 0.3 P(X) 0.2 0.1 0 0 1 2 3 X = Number of Times Spinner Lands on Green For Exercises 4–6, the spinner shown is spun two times. 4. Write the sample space with all possible outcomes. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 5. Find the probability distribution X, where X represents the number of times the spinner lands on yellow for X = 0, X = 1, and X = 2. 6. Make a probability histogram of the data. RED BLUE GREEN YELLOW Spinner Probability Distribution 0.6 0.5 0.4 P(X) 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 0 1 2 X = Number of Times Spinner Lands on Yellow 7. BUSINESS Use the table that shows the probability distribution of the number of minutes a customer spends at the express checkout at a supermarket. X = Minutes Probability 1 2 3 4 5+ 0.09 0.13 0.28 0.32 0.18 a. Show that the distribution is valid. b. What is the probability that a customer spends less than 3 minutes at the checkout? c. What is the probability that the customer spends at least 4 minutes at the checkout? Chapter 12 177 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 12-6 DATE PERIOD Practice Probability Distributions For Exercises 1–3, the spinner shown is spun two times. BLUE 1. Write the sample space with all possible outcomes. GREEN YELLOW WHITE RED 2. Find the probability distribution X, where X represents the number of times the spinner lands on blue for X = 0, X = 1, and X = 2. Spinner Probability Distribution 0.8 3. Make a probability histogram of the data. 0.6 P(X) 0.4 0.2 0 0 1 2 X = Number of Times Spinner Lands on Blue 4. TELECOMMUNICATIONS Use the table that shows the probability distribution of the number of telephones per student’s household at Wilson High. X = Number of Telephones Probability 1 2 3 4 5+ 0.01 0.16 0.34 0.39 0.10 b. If a student is chosen at random, what is the probability that there are more than 3 telephones at the student’s home? c. Make a probability histogram of the data. Wilson High Households 0.4 0.3 P(X) 0.2 0.1 0 1 2 3 4 5 X = Number of Telephones per Household 5. LANDSCAPING Use the table that shows X = Number of Shrubs the probability distribution of the number of shrubs (rounded to the nearest 50) ordered by Probability corporate clients of a landscaping company over the past five years. 50 100 150 200 250 0.11 0.24 0.45 0.16 0.04 a. Define a random variable and list its values. b. Show that the distribution is valid. c. What is the probability that a client’s (rounded) order was at least 150 shrubs? Chapter 12 178 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. a. Show that the distribution is valid. NAME 12-7 DATE PERIOD Skills Practice Probability Simulations 1. CARDS Use a standard deck of 52 cards. Select a card at random, record the suit of the card (heart, diamond, club, or spade), and then replace the card. Repeat this procedure 26 times. a. Based on your results, what is the experimental probability of selecting a heart? b. Based on your results, what is the experimental probability of selecting a diamond or a spade? c. Compare your results to the theoretical probabilities. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 2. SIBLINGS There are 3 siblings in the Bencievenga family. What could you use to simulate the genders of the 3 siblings? 3. TRANSPORTATION A random survey of 23 students revealed that 2 students walk to school, 12 ride the bus, 6 drive a car, and 3 ride with a parent or other adult. What could you use for a simulation to determine the probability that a student selected at random uses any one type of transportation? 4. BIOLOGY Stephen conducted a survey of the students in his classes to observe the distribution of eye color. The table shows the results of his survey. Eye Color Blue Brown Green Hazel Number 12 58 2 8 a. Find the experimental probability distribution for each eye color. b. Based on the survey, what is the experimental probability that a student in Stephen’s classes has blue or green eyes? c. Based on the survey, what is the experimental probability that a student in Stephen’s classes does not have green or hazel eyes? d. If the distribution of eye color in Stephen’s grade is similar to the distribution in his classes, about how many of the 360 students in his grade would be expected to have brown eyes? Chapter 12 179 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME 12-7 DATE PERIOD Practice Probability Simulations 1. MARBLES Place 5 red, 4 yellow, and 7 green marbles in a box. Randomly draw two marbles from the box, record each color, and then return the marbles to the box. Repeat this procedure 50 times. a. Based on your results, what is the experimental probability of selecting two yellow marbles? b. Based on your results, what is the experimental probability of selecting a green marble and a yellow marble? c. Compare your results to the theoretical probabilities. 2. OPTOMETRY Color blindness occurs in 4% of the male population. What could you use to simulate this situation? a. Find the experimental probability distribution of the importance of each issue. School Issues Issue Number Ranking Issue Most Important Grades 37 School Standards 17 Popularity 84 Dating 76 Violence 68 Drugs, including tobacco 29 b. Based on the survey, what is the experimental probability that a student chosen at random thinks the most important issue is grades or school standards? c. The enrollment in the 9th and 10th grades at Laurel Woods High is 168. If their opinions are reflective of those of the school as a whole, how many of them would you expect to have chosen popularity as the most important issue? d. Suppose the school develops a curriculum incorporating the top three issues. What is the probability that a student selected at random will think the curriculum addresses the most important issue at school? Chapter 12 180 Glencoe Algebra 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 3. SCHOOL CURRICULUM Laurel Woods High randomly selected students for a survey to determine the most important school issues among the student body. The school wants to develop a curriculum that addresses these issues. The survey results are shown in the table.

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