LF6197 160 ns Monolithic Sample-and

LF6197 160 ns Monolithic Sample-and-Hold Amplifier
General Description
Features
The LF6197 is a monolithic sample-and-hold (SH) amplifier
that uses a proprietary ‘‘current-multiplexed sample-andhold’’ technique to offer extremely high speed while maintaining 12 bits or higher accuracy The device is built using
National’s advanced junction-isolated VIPTM (Vertically Integrated PNP) and BI-FETTM process technologies
The LF6197 acquires a 10V step input to within g 001% in
160 ns and has 10 mV hold step error when going from
sample to hold mode The input offset voltage in the sample
mode is typically 3 mV Even at extremely fast acquisition
speeds no compromises are made in the droop rate which
is 06 mVms When configured for unity gain the DC gain
error is 003% The feedthrough attenuation in the hold
mode is 83 dB at DC and 77 dB at 100 kHz
The LF6197 can be externally configured for either inverting
or non-inverting gains thus offering additional flexibility to
the user The device includes an internal 10 pF hold capacitor
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Key Specifications
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Acquisition time (10V step to 001%)
160 ns
Hold mode settling time (10V step to 001%)
50 ns
Droop rate
06 mVms
Hold step
10 mV
Aperture jitter
8 psrms
Feedthrough attenuation at DC
83 dB
Small signal bandwidth
25 MHz
Applications
Y
Y
BI-FETTM and VIPTM are trademarks of National Semiconductor Corporation
Operates with supply voltages from g 5V to g 18V
CMOS TTL and ECL compatible logic input
Adjustable inverting or non-inverting gain
Internal hold capacitor
High power-supply rejection in both sample and hold
modes
Y
Y
High-speed data acquisition systems
Automatic test equipment
High-speed instrumentation
Replaces expensive hybrid sample-and-hold amplifiers
Block Diagram
Connection Diagram
TLH11381– 2
Top View
Ordering Information
Industrial
(0 C k TAk a 70 C)
LF6197CCJ
Package
J14A
Ceramic DIP
TLH11381–1
C1995 National Semiconductor Corporation
TLH11381
RRD-B30M115Printed in U S A
LF6197 160 ns Monolithic Sample-and-Hold Amplifier
September 1992
Absolute Maximum Ratings (Notes 1 2)
Positive Supply Voltage (V a )
Negative Supply Voltage (Vb)
a 18V
Operating Ratings (Notes 1 2)
b 18V
g 5V
12W
Logic Input to LR1 Differential Voltage
Power Dissipation (Note 3)
Duration of Output Short Circuit to GND
ESD Susceptibility
All Pins except Pin 13 (Note 5)
Pin 13 only (Note 5)
Lead Temperature (Soldering 10 sec)
J Package
TMIN s TA s TMAX
0 C s TA s a 70 C
a 475V s V a s a 1575V
Temperature Range
LF6197CCJ
Positive Supply Voltage
Negative Supply Voltage
V a or Vb or g 125V
whichever is less
Analog Input Voltage
b 1575V s V b s b 475V
(Note 4)
2000V
1500V
300 C
b 65 C to a 150 C
Storage Temperature
Electrical Characteristics
Unless otherwise specified the following specifications apply for V a e a 15V Vb e b15V b12V s VIN s a 12V
RL l 1 kX CL s 40 pF Logic Reference 2 (LR2) voltage e 0V and Logic Input Voltage k 14V threshold (Unit is in ‘‘sample’’
mode) VS refers to the supply voltages V a and Vb Boldface limits apply for TA e TJ from TMIN to TMAX all other limits
TA e TJ e 25 C
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Typical
(Note 6)
Limit
(Note 7)
Units
(Limit)
g 30
g 60
g 30
mV (max)
mV (max)
INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
VOS
Input Offset Voltage
VS e g 5V (Note 8)
DVOSDT
Input Offset Drift
15
mV C
RIN com
Input Resistance (common mode)
10
MX
RIN dif
Input Resistance (differential)
300
kX
CMRR
Common Mode Rejection Ratio
IB a
Positive Input Bias Current
IB b
Negative Input Bias Current
VCM e g 10V
100
80
dB (min)
7
17
mA (max)
1
75
mA (max)
TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS
DC Open Loop Gain
VOUT e g 12V RL e 1 kX
70
65
dB (min)
DC Open Loop Gain (Note 8)
VS e g 5V VOUT e g 25V
55
49
dB (min)
Gain Error (Note 9)
Gain Linearity Error
fu
003
VOUT e g 10V
Gain Bandwidth Product
% (max)
0003
00045
% (max)
25
14
MHz (min)
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
ROUT
Output Resistance
002
X
SR
Slew Rate
145
Vms
Short Circuit Source Current
b 63
b 25
mA (min)
70
25
mA (min)
Short Circuit Sink Current
CL
Maximum Capacitive Load
No Oscillation
2
200
pF
Electrical Characteristics (Continued)
Unless otherwise specified the following specifications apply for V a e a 15V Vb e b15V b12V s VIN s a 12V
RL l 1 kX CL s 40 pF Logic Reference 2 (LR2) voltage e 0V and Logic Input Voltage k 14V threshold (Unit is in ‘‘sample’’
mode) VS refers to the supply voltages V a and Vb Boldface limits apply for TA e TJ from TMIN to TMAX all other limits
TA e TJ e 25 C
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Typical
(Note 6)
Limit
(Note 7)
Units
(Limit)
240
260
240
260
ns
ns (max)
ns (max)
ns (max)
ns (max)
SAMPLEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS
tACQ
Acquisition Time
to 01% (Note 10)
to 001% (Note 10)
10V step
a 10V step
130
145
b 10V step
160
tAD
Aperture Delay Time
4
ns
tAJ
Aperture Jitter
8
psrms
Droop Rate
06
10
mVms (max)
g 10
mV (max)
ns
VHS
Hold Step (Note 11)
tHMS
Hold Mode Settling Time to 001%
10V step
50
Feedthrough Attenuation (Note 12)
f e 1 kHz VIN e 20 Vp-p
f e 100 kHz VIN e 20 Vp-p
83
77
b 83
b 78
dB
dB
23
MHz
25
MHz
80
dB (min)
dB
DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS
THD
Total Harmonic Distortion
f e 10 kHz VIN e 20 Vp-p
f e 150 kHz VIN e 20 Vp-p
FPBW
Full Power Bandwidth (Note 13)
VIN e 20 Vp– p
Small Signal Bandwidth
DIGITAL LOGIC CHARACTERISTICS
VIN(1)
Logical ‘‘1’’ Input Voltage
20
V (min)
VIN(0)
Logical ‘‘0’’ Input Voltage
08
V (max)
Logic Input Current
6
20
mA (max)
Logic Reference 2 Input Current
3
5
mA (max)
14
11
16
V(min)
V(max)
20
30
mA (max)
182
27
mA (max)
20
30
mA (max)
175
27
mA (max)
84
74
dB (min)
Differential Logic Threshold
(Logic Input to LR1)
POWER SUPPLY CHARACTERISTICS
IS a
Positive Supply Current
VS e g 5V (Note 8)
IS a
Positive Supply Current
IS b
Negative Supply Current
IS b
Negative Supply Current
VS e g 5V (Note 8)
PSRR
Power Supply Rejection Ratio
VS e g 12V to g 16V
3
Electrical Characteristics (Continued)
Note 1 Absolute Maximum Ratings indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur
Note 2 Operating Ratings indicate conditions for which the device is functional but do not guarantee specific performance limits For guaranteed specifications
and test conditions see the Electrical Characteristics The guaranteed specifications apply only for the test conditions listed Some performance characteristics
may degrade when the device is not operated under the listed test conditions
Note 3 The maximum power dissipation must be derated at elevated temperatures and is dictated by TJmax HJA and the ambient temperature TA The maximum
allowable power dissipation is PD e (TJmax b TA)HJA or the number given in the Absolute Maximum Ratings whichever is lower For this device TJmax e 150 C
and iJA e 125 CW The Power Derating Curve shows the safe thermal operating area for this device
Note 4 Continuous short-circuit operation at elevated ambient temperature can result in exceeding the maximum allowed junction temperature of 150 C
Note 5 Human body model 100 pF capacitor discharged through a 15 kX resistor
Note 6 Typicals are at TA e 25 C and represent the most likely parametric norm
Note 7 Limits are guaranteed to National’s AOQL (Average Outgoing Quality Level)
Note 8 Operation at g 5V requires that pin 14 be forced to 25V
Note 9 Gain error is calculated from the measured open loop gain
Note 10 The acquisition time of the LF6197 has been measured when the device has been configured as an inverting amplifier with a gain of b 1 feedback
resistor of 2 kX feedback capacitor of 1 pF and a total load resistor of 1 kX
Note 11 Hold step is measured with the LF6197 configured as a unity gain follower and input connected to ground A TTL pulse with 4 ns rise and fall times is
applied to the logic input the hold step is dependent on the slew rate of the logic input pulse
Note 12 See test circuit Figure 1 Note 13 Full power bandwidth is calculated using FPBW e SR(2qVP) where SR is the measured slew rate and VP is the peak voltage
4
Typical Performance Characteristics
Acquisition Time (to 001%)
vs Capacitive Load
Acquisition Time (to 001%)
vs Capacitive Load
Acquisition Time (to 001%)
vs Temperature
Acquisition Time (to 001%)
vs Supply Voltage
Signal Feedthrough
vs Frequency
Signal Feedthrough
vs Frequency
Power Supply Rejection
Ratio vs Frequency
Power Supply Rejection
Ratio vs Frequency
Common Mode Rejection
Ratio vs Frequency
Common Mode Rejection
Ratio vs Frequency
Input Noise Voltage
vs Frequency
Open Loop Frequency
Response
TLH11381–3
5
Typical Performance Characteristics
(Continued)
Hold Step vs Logic
Input Rise Time
TLH11381–15
Power Derating Curve
TLH11381–16
6
Test Circuit
TLH11381–4
FIGURE 1 Circuit configuration for the measurement of feedthrough attenuation Input is connected
to ground in sample mode and is connected to 20 VPP 100 kHz sine wave in hold mode
Pin Descriptions
V a (12)
This is the positive power supply pin A
a 5V to a 15V supply voltage should be
applied to this pin and bypassed to
ground with a 01 mF ceramic capacitor
in parallel with a 47 mF tantalum capacitor
LR1 (10)
Vb (4)
This is the negative power supply pin A
b 5V to b 15V supply voltage should be
applied to this pin and bypassed to
ground with a 01 mF ceramic capacitor
in parallel with a 47 mF tantalum capacitor
This is the ground reference pin All signals are referenced to the potential at
this pin
LR2 (13)
GND (9)
b Input (1)
a Input (2)
Output (5)
Logic Input (11)
This is the inverting input of the ‘‘sample’’ amplifier Connecting this pin
through a resistor to the output will configure the sample-and-hold amplifier for
unity gain Other inverting and non-inverting gains can be set by applying the
familiar op amp feedback topologies
For stability reasons stray capacitance
from the inverting input to ground should
be minimized
This is the Logic Reference 1 input By
applying the appropriate logic threshold
at this pin the sample-and-hold amplifier’s logic input can be made either CMOS
or ECL compatible For TTL logic levels
this pin should remain unconnected
This is the Logic Reference 2 input For
TTL logic levels this pin should be connected to ground this sets the logic
threshold at the logic comparator’s inverting pin at 14V For CMOS or ECL logic
levels this pin should either remain unconnected or connected to pin 10
This is the logic control input pin A logic
low at this pin will configure the amplifier
in the ‘‘sample’’ mode while a logic high
will configure the amplifier in the ‘‘hold’’
mode The TTL CMOS or ECL logic
compatibility will be determined by the
voltage threshold set at the logic comparator’s inverting input
Zener Reference For optimum acquisition and settling
Output (14)
times this pin must be bypassed to
ground with a 001 mF capacitor Furthermore for g 5V supply operation this pin
must be biased at 25V from a low impedance source
This is the non-inverting input of the
‘‘sample’’ amplifier This pin should be
driven from a low impedance source
NC (3678)
This is the output of the sample-andhold amplifier
7
No connection
Functional Description
booster in the output stage rapidly charges the hold capacitor A wide-bandwidth amplifier high-current output stage
and fast current-switched hold-to-sample mode selection allows for a slew rate of 145 Vms and acquisition time of
under 200 ns
When there is a change to the Hold mode switches S2 and
S3 are quickly opened and switch S1 is effectively connected to the output of gm2 while input stage gm1 is disconnected The composite amplifier is now comprised of gm2 and
A3 and the loop around the amplifier is closed by the hold
capacitor Note that the opening of switch S3 causes
charge injection into the hold capacitor However an equal
amount of charge is injected into the dummy capacitor due
to the opening of a matched switch S2 The net effect is a
differential cancellation of charge and thus the pedestal error (hold step) is greatly reduced Meanwhile excellent
feedthrough attenuation is achieved because the input signal is isolated from the output by the inactive input stage
gm1
The LF6197 uses a proprietary ‘‘current-multiplexed sample-and-hold’’ technique as depicted in the simplified block
diagram (Figure 2) The amplifier consists of two transconductance input stages gm1 and gm2 and a common gain and
output buffer stage A3 In the sample mode internal current
switching is employed to connect the input stage gm1 to the
common output stage A3 while input stage gm2 is disconnected Additionally switches S2 and S3 are closed thereby shorting the internal dummy capacitor and connecting
one end of the hold capacitor to a low impedance ground
Although the simplified schematic shows the switches S1
and S2 connected to ground the switches are in fact connected to a reference potential which appears as a common
mode voltage at the two inputs of gm2
For unity gain the inverting input of gm1 is externally connected to the output through a resistor thus closing the loop
around the amplifier Conventional op-amp feedback topologies may be employed to configure the amplifier for inverting and non-inverting gains In the sample mode a current
TLH11381–5
FIGURE 2 Simplified Block Diagram of LF6197 Sample-and-Hold Amplifier Connected for Unity Gain and TTL Logic
8
Application Hints
cations Familiar op-amp feedback topologies are employed
to configure the LF6197 for non-inverting (Figure 8) or inverting (Figure 9) gains Note that a feedback resistor of
value 1 kX or larger must be used for all gain settings including non-inverting unity gain The feedback resistor is required to limit the current through LF6197’s internal clamp
diodes when the device is in the hold mode
10 LOGIC CONFIGURATIONS
The LF6197 can be configured to interface with TTL
CMOS or ECL logic The device is configured for the desired logic using the two Logic Reference pins (LR1 and
LR2)
11 TTL Logic
To configure the device to operate with TTL logic the LR1
pin should be left open and the LR2 pin should be grounded
(Figure 4) This will set the threshold of the logic comparator
at 14V
40 POWER SUPPLY SEQUENCING
When power supply to the LF6197 is turned on the negative supply must come on before the positive supply Meanwhile when the power supply is turned off the positive supply must turn off before the negative supply Improper power
supply sequencing may destroy the device To protect the
device against improper power supply sequencing anti-reversal diodes may be used across the supply pins
(Figure 10) 12 CMOS Logic
To configure the device to operate with CMOS logic (with a
25V threshold at the comparator) several options are available The LR1 and LR2 pins can be tied together and connected to a 25V reference (Figure 5) or LR2 can be set to
11V with a resistor diode network and LR1 can be bypassed to ground with a 001 mF capacitor (Figure 6) 13 ECL Logic
To operate with ECL logic (threshold at b13V) set LR2 at
b 27V with a voltage divider from the negative supply and
bypass LR1 with a 001 mF capacitor (Figure 7) 20 ZENER REFERENCE OUTPUT
The LF6197 includes an internal zener diode to bias various
sections of the chip The zener diode output is brought out
at pin 14 the voltage at this pin is typically 625V when the
device is powered from g 15V supplies For optimum device
performance pin 14 must be bypassed to ground with a
001 mF capacitor If the device is powered from g 5V supplies then pin 14 must be biased at 25V from a low impedance source (Figure 3) TLH11381–7
Threshold e 14V
FIGURE 4 TTL Logic
TLH11381–6
FIGURE 3 Biasing Pin 14 to 25V
for Operation from g 5V Supplies
30 ADJUSTING GAIN
TLH11381–8
The LF6197 allows the user to amplify as well as to sampleand-hold an input signal This feature eliminates the need
for an amplifier preceding the SH amplifier in many appli-
Threshold e 25V
FIGURE 5 CMOS Logic
9
Application Hints (Continued)
TLH11381–9
TLH11381–10
Threshold e 25V
Threshold e 13V
FIGURE 6 Another Circuit for CMOS Logic
FIGURE 7 ECL Logic
TLH11381–12
TLH11381–13
FIGURE 8 LF6197 with Non-Inverting Gain
FIGURE 9 LF6197 with Inverting Gain
TLH11381–11
TLH11381–14
FIGURE 10 Using Anti-Reversal Diodes to Protect
LF6197 from Improper Power Supply Sequencing
FIGURE 11 Increasing Linearity to 16 Bits Using a
Negative Impedance Load at the Output of LF6197
10
11
LF6197 160 ns Monolithic Sample-and-Hold Amplifier
Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters)
Ceramic Dual-In-Line Package (J)
Order Number LF6197CCJ
NS Package Number J14A
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