Fire Safety Fact Sheet
The most common
causes of house fires
are cooking, smoking
and electrical faults
in appliances or
wiring. Most house
fires are started by
accident but most are
also preventable.
Guidelines for the
Prevention of Fire
Related Injury
Smoke Alarms, Fire
Blankets and Fire
Extinguishers
•
Smoke alarms are compulsory in all homes and significantly increase the chance of survival in a house fire if they are checked and cleaned regularly. Smoke alarms should be installed outside each sleeping area and, if doors are closed while
sleeping, an alarm should be installed in each bedroom.
Multi-storey houses should have at least one smoke alarm on
each level.
•
Change the batteries in the alarm once a year – changing the batteries when you adjust your clocks for daylight saving is a commonly used way to remember to change
batteries regularly.
•
A fire blanket should be kept in the kitchen for use on small cooking fires. Water should not be used on oil, fat or electrical fires.
•
Dry powder extinguishers are recommended for use in the home as they can be used on most types of fires.
•
Be sure you know how to use the fire equipment and in which circumstances each type should be used.
Fire Escape Plan
A fire escape plan should be
developed, practiced and used as
a learning tool to teach appropriate
behaviour for children according
to their developmental ability in
fire and smoke situations. These
skills include:
• to feel doors before opening - if it’s too hot to touch, use the alternative exit
• knowledge of the meeting point (eg. the mail box) once outside of the house
• how to open the alternative exit, eg. window
• how to call 000 and provide the home address
• Stop, Drop, Cover, Roll to smother flames if a person is on fire
• if there is smoke, to get down low and crawl out of the room.
Fire Prevention
around the House
•
Do not smoke in bed. Small embers from the cigarette can smoulder and re-ignite at a later time. Ensure butts are
fully extinguished prior to disposal
and store cigarettes and ashtrays
well out of reach of children.
•
Never leave candles, oil burners, incense, matches or lighters
unattended or within reach of children. Lock these items away when not in use and teach older children they must only be used
with adult supervision.
•
Electrical appliances, including cords and plugs that are faulty or damaged, can cause fires.
They should be repaired by a qualified professional or replaced.
Second hand appliances should
be checked by a qualified professional prior to use.
•
Power cords or wires should not be placed under mats, rugs or carpet, as potential damage or
wear and tear will not be visible.
Use double adapters and power
boards appropriately by not overloading them. Do not plug
double adapters into each other (piggy back) or run power boards from power boards.
•
Extend electrical cords fully before use, including extension cords, to prevent excessive heat
in the cord which can start a fire. Use the required length for
an extension cord as a single lead
rather than joining smaller
ones together.
•
Install, use and maintain heaters according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Do not dry clothes or leave toys made from plastic closer than one metre to the heater. Allow room for air to circulate around the heater.
•
If using deadlocks inside the house, ensure you are able to exit the house in the case of an emergency. Consider:
- installing a deadlock you can open from inside without a key
References
Country Fire Authority, Your Home
Fire Safety [Brochure], Country Fire
Authority, Melbourne, accessed
03/12/07 from www.cfa.vic.gov.au.
Kidsafe, 2000, Child Safety
Resource Manual, Kidsafe Victoria,
Melbourne.
The Royal Children’s Hospital Safety
Centre, 2007, Fire Safety [Brochure],
The Royal Children’s Hospital,
Melbourne.
- not using the deadlock while inside the house
- installing a key holder near
the door.
•
Ensure your house number is easy to see from the street – this is very important for emergency services, such as fire, police
and ambulance.
© City of Casey 2008
Cranbourne Centro Cranbourne
Narre Warren Magid Drive
Narre Warren South Amberly
Park Shopping Centre
Telephone: 03 9705 5200
Facsimile: 03 9704 9544
TTY: 03 9705 5568
TIS: 131 450 (Translating and Interpreting Service)
Magid Drive, PO Box 1000
Narre Warren Vic 3805
Email: casey@casey.vic.gov.au
Website: www.casey.vic.gov.au
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