FRM220-1000EAS/X-1
Gigabit Ethernet OAM/IP
Media Converter
1
LEGAL
The information in this publication has been carefully checked and is believed to be entirely accurate at the time of
publication. CTC Union Technologies assumes no responsibility, however, for possible errors or omissions, or for any
consequences resulting from the use of the information contained herein. CTC Union Technologies reserves the right
to make changes in its products or product specifications with the intent to improve function or design at any time
and without notice and is not required to update this documentation to reflect such changes.
CTC Union Technologies makes no warranty, representation, or guarantee regarding the suitability of its products for
any particular purpose, nor does CTC Union assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product
and specifically disclaims any and all liability, including without limitation any consequential or incidental damages.
CTC Union products are not designed, intended, or authorized for use in systems or applications intended to support
or sustain life, or for any other application in which the failure of the product could create a situation where personal
injury or death may occur. Should the Buyer purchase or use a CTC Union product for any such unintended or
unauthorized application, the Buyer shall indemnify and hold CTC Union Technologies and its officers, employees,
subsidiaries, affiliates, and distributors harmless against all claims, costs, damages, expenses, and reasonable attorney
fees arising out of, either directly or indirectly, any claim of personal injury or death that may be associated with such
unintended or unauthorized use, even if such claim alleges that CTC Union Technologies was negligent regarding the
design or manufacture of said product.
WARNING:
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of
the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the
equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio
frequency energy and if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual may cause harmful
interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense. NOTICE: (1) The
changes or modifications not expressively approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user's
authority to operate the equipment. (2) Shielded interface cables and AC power cord, if any, must be used in order to
comply with the emission limits.
CISPR PUB.22 Class A COMPLIANCE:
This device complies with EMC directive of the European Community and meets or exceeds the following technical
standard. EN 55022 - Limits and Methods of Measurement of Radio Interference Characteristics of Information
Technology Equipment. This device complies with CISPR Class A.
WARNING:
This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user
may be required to take adequate measures.
CE NOTICE
Marking by the symbol CE indicates compliance of this equipment to the EMC directive of the European Community.
Such marking is indicative that this equipment meets or exceeds the following technical standards: EN
55022:2006+A1:2007, Class A, EN55024:2010, and EN60950-1:2006
2
CTC Union Technologies Co., Ltd.
Far Eastern Vienna Technology Center
(Neihu Technology Park)
8F, No. 60 Zhouzi St., Neihu, Taipei 114,
Taiwan
T +886-2-26591021
F +886-2-26590237
E sales@ctcu.com
techsupport@ctcu.com
H www.ctcu.com
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Operation Manual
Gigabit Ethernet OAM/IP Media Converter
Version 1.0 August 2014
This Manual supports the following models:
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1: 1x100/1000Base-X (SFP) + 1x10/100/1000Base-T
This document is the current official release manual. Contents are subject to change without prior
notice. Please check CTC Union's website for any updated manual or contact us by E-mail at
sales@ctcu.com. Please address any comments for improving this manual or to point out
omissions or errors to marketing@ctcu.com. Thank you.
2014 CTC Union Technologies Co.,Ltd.
All Rights Reserved
The contents of this document are subject to change without any prior notice.
3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................... 6
1.1 WELCOME .......................................................................................................................................... 6
1.2 PRODUCT DESCRIPTION ......................................................................................................................... 6
1.3 PRODUCT FEATURES.............................................................................................................................. 6
1.4 PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS ...................................................................................................................... 7
1.5 MANAGEMENT FEATURES ...................................................................................................................... 8
1.6 PANEL ................................................................................................................................................ 8
1.7 FACTORY RESET PROCEDURE ................................................................................................................... 9
CHAPTER 2. INSTALLATION ......................................................................................................... 10
2.1 CHASSIS OPTION ................................................................................................................................ 10
2.2 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION .................................................................................................................... 11
2.3 INSTALLATION OF SFP MODULE............................................................................................................. 11
2.3.1 Inserting a Bale Clasp SFP Module into the Cage ............................................................................ 11
2.3.2 Removing a Bale Clasp SFP Module ................................................................................................ 11
CHAPTER 3. PROVISIONING VIA TEXT MENU .............................................................................. 12
3.1 INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................................. 12
3.2 SERIAL CONSOLE LOGIN ....................................................................................................................... 12
3.2.1 Main ................................................................................................................................................ 12
3.2.2 Configure TCP/IP settings. ............................................................................................................... 13
3.3 TELNET LOGIN.................................................................................................................................... 13
3.3.1 Main Menu ...................................................................................................................................... 13
3.4 SYSTEM CONFIGURATION ..................................................................................................................... 14
3.4.1 Firmware Upgrade........................................................................................................................... 16
3.4.2 Alarm Settings ................................................................................................................................. 21
3.4.3 Syslog Settings ................................................................................................................................. 23
3.4.3.1 Syslog Facility................................................................................................................................................................24
3.4.3.2 Syslog Severity ..............................................................................................................................................................24
3.4.3.3 Syslog Server Destination .............................................................................................................................................24
3.4.4 Date & Time Setup .......................................................................................................................... 25
3.4.5 Password Setup ............................................................................................................................... 26
3.4.6 System Reboot ................................................................................................................................ 27
3.4.7 Fiber Port Provisioning .................................................................................................................... 29
3.4.8 Fiber and UTP Port Rate Limiting .................................................................................................... 31
3.4.9 Fiber Speed Setting ......................................................................................................................... 32
3.4.10 SFP and D/D Functions .................................................................................................................. 33
3.4.11 UTP Port Provisioning .................................................................................................................... 33
3.4.11.1 UTP Provisioning.........................................................................................................................................................34
3.4.11.2 UTP Negotiation .........................................................................................................................................................35
3.4.11.3 UTP Port Rate Limiting................................................................................................................................................36
3.5 DEVICE STATUS AND CONFIGURATION..................................................................................................... 37
3.6 ADVANCED FUNCTIONS ....................................................................................................................... 39
3.6.1 Static 802.1Q VLAN ......................................................................................................................... 40
3.6.1.1 Static VLAN Table Configuration ..................................................................................................................................41
3.6.2 Q-in-Q VLAN .................................................................................................................................... 43
3.6.3 802.1Q VLAN Trunk ......................................................................................................................... 44
3.6.4 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................... 47
3.6.5 Class of Service ................................................................................................................................ 49
3.6.6 Remote IP Setting ............................................................................................................................ 51
4
TABLE OF CONTENTS
3.6.7 MAC Learning Function ................................................................................................................... 52
3.7 OAM CONFIGURATION ....................................................................................................................... 52
3.7.1 OAM PDU frame size ....................................................................................................................... 52
3.7.2 OAM Mode ...................................................................................................................................... 53
3.8 LINK LOSS FORWARDING ...................................................................................................................... 54
3.9 COUNTERS ........................................................................................................................................ 55
3.9.1 OAM Counters ................................................................................................................................. 56
3.9.2 RMON Counters .............................................................................................................................. 56
3.9.3 MAC Table ....................................................................................................................................... 57
3.10 SNMP CONFIGURATION .................................................................................................................... 57
3.10.1 General .......................................................................................................................................... 57
3.10.2 SNMP Operations .......................................................................................................................... 58
3.10.3 The Management Information Base ............................................................................................. 58
3.10.4 MIB Structure ................................................................................................................................ 59
3.10.5 SNMP Communities ...................................................................................................................... 59
3.10.6 Configuring the SNMP Agent ........................................................................................................ 60
3.10.7 Configuring SNMP Traps ............................................................................................................... 61
CHAPTER 4. PROVISIONING VIA WEB BASED MANAGEMENT ..................................................... 63
4.1 INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................................. 63
4.2 WEB MAIN PAGE ............................................................................................................................... 63
4.3 SYSTEM ............................................................................................................................................ 64
4.3.1 Setup ............................................................................................................................................... 64
4.3.2 Alias Information ............................................................................................................................. 64
4.3.3 Parameter Management ................................................................................................................. 64
4.3.4 Firmware Update ............................................................................................................................ 65
4.3.5 Date & Time..................................................................................................................................... 66
4.3.6 Alarm Setting ................................................................................................................................... 67
4.3.7 System Log Alarm Setting ................................................................................................................ 68
4.3.8 Radius .............................................................................................................................................. 69
4.4 SNMP ............................................................................................................................................. 70
4.4.1 Manager .......................................................................................................................................... 70
4.4.2 Trap & Syslog ................................................................................................................................... 71
4.4.3 System Log....................................................................................................................................... 71
4.5 LOCAL UNIT CONFIGURATION................................................................................................................ 72
4.5.1 Fiber................................................................................................................................................. 72
4.5.2 UTP .................................................................................................................................................. 73
4.5.3 Device Status and Configuration ..................................................................................................... 74
4.5.4 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................... 76
4.5.5 Static 802.1Q VLAN ......................................................................................................................... 78
4.5.6 Counters .......................................................................................................................................... 79
4.5.7 SFP ................................................................................................................................................... 80
4.6 REMOTE CONFIGURATION .................................................................................................................... 80
5
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 Welcome
Thank you for choosing FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Gigabit Ethernet OAM/IP Media Converter.
Throughout this document, this model will be referred to as FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 or in an
abbreviated form as just 1000EAS/X-1. If you would like to skip right to the installation of the
converter, proceed to Chapter 2.
This manual is used to explain the hardware installation procedures and operation of 1000EAS/X-1,
and present its capabilities and specifications. This manual is divided into 4 chapters, the
Introduction, Installation, Telnet Provisioning and Web Based Provisioning chapters.
Installers should carefully read Chapter 1 & 2, Introduction and Installation. The companion
document, FRM220 NMC Configuration Manual, is also available in electronic format. The
divisions in that manual are intended for use by personnel to answer questions in general areas.
Planners and potential purchasers may read the Introduction to determine the suitability of the
product to its intended use. Operating Personnel would use the Telnet Operations and Web Based
Management Chapters to become familiar with the line cards and settings. Network
Administrators should read the chapters on Telnet Operation and Web Based Management to
become familiar with the diagnostic capabilities, network settings and management strategies for
the SNMP managed chassis.
1.2 Product Description
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 is an OSI Layer 2 Ethernet media converter with one Dual-Rate Ethernet
fiber port (100Base/1000Base-X) and one copper Ethernet port (10/100/1000Base-T). The Layer 2
switch technologies include jumbo frame support, tag based VLAN, 802.3x Flow Control and
ingress/egress bandwidth control per port. With its own embedded 32 bit processor, 1000EAS/X-1
supports stand-alone management via IP (Telnet, SNMP & HTTP) or in-band management via
802.3ah-OAM protocol when connected to another 1000EAS/X-1 or 1000EAS/X.
1.3 Product Features












L2 switch based media converter
10240 byte MTU (Jumbo Frames)
802.1Q tag VLAN support
802.1ad Double Tag VLAN support (Q-in-Q)
Ingress/Egress Bandwidth control per port
Spanning Tree Protocol support
32bit embedded CPU for stand-alone management
802.3ah-OAM in-band management
Firmware upgrade via TFTP
Telnet, HTTP, SNMP and OAM management
Dying gasp (remote power failure detection)
Auto Laser Shutdown
6
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION






Link Fault Pass-Through (LFP)
Far End Fault Indication (FEFI)
Paused Frame flow-control
Digital Diagnostic (DOM) SFP support
OAM PDU and per port RMON counters
SNTP client
WARNING: Fiber optic equipment may emit laser or infrared light that can injure your eyes. Never
look into an optical fiber or connector port. Always assume that fiber optic cables are connected
to a laser light source.
1.4 Product Specifications
■
Optical Interface

Connector

Data Rate

Duplex Mode

Fiber


■
Distance
Wavelength
Electrical Interface

Connector

Data Rates

Duplex

Cable
■
Standards
■
Maximum MTU
MAC Table
VLAN Groups
Indicators
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Power

Input

Consumption
Dimensions
Weight
Temperature
Humidity
Certification
MTBF
SFP cage x 1
Dual Rate; 125Mb/s or 1.25Gb/s (auto or manual setting)
Full duplex
MM 50/125um, 62.5/125um
SM 9/125um (depending on SFP)
MM 550M/2KM, SM 15/30/50/80/120KM (depending on SFP)
Depends on SFP
RJ-45 x 1
10/100/1000Mbps (auto or forced)
Full or Half Duplex
10Base-T Cat. 3,4,5,5e UTP
100Base-TX Cat. 5, 5e or higher
1000Base-T Cat 5, 5e, 6 or higher
IEEE802.3, 802.3u, 802.3z, 802.3ab, 802.3ah
802.3x, 802.1W, 802.1p, 802.1Q, RFC 4330 (SNTP)
10240 bytes
1024
64
LED (PWR, Fiber Link, Test, UTP Link, UTP Speed, UTP FULL Duplex,
FEFI)
(Card supports hot-swapping)
Card : 12VDC, Standalone : AC, DC options
<8W
155 mm (D) x 88 mm (W) x 23mm (H)
130 g
0°C~50°C (Operating), -10°C~70°C (Storage)
10% ~ 90% non-condensing
CE, FCC, LVD, RoHS
75,000 hours (25°C)
7
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
1.5 Management Features
1000EAS/X-1 has its own embedded processor which can be used to configure the device for
stand-alone operation. When placed in a stand-alone chassis, this device supports a text based
Telnet terminal with an easy-to-use menu system for configuration. The embedded HTTP server
provides an easy-to-use GUI (Graphical User Interface) with any web browser. SNMP is also
supported in the stand-alone operation. When using network management software and our
proprietary MIB file specifically for the 1000EAS/X-1, all settings can be performed, performance
monitoring realized and alarm traps received. When placed in a managed chassis, such as
FRM220-CH20 with NMC (Network Management Controller) card, the 1000EAS/X-1 card is
configured and monitored through the chassis NMC via console, Telnet, Web HTTP or SNMP.
1. Stand-alone in CH01M 1-slot or CH02M 2-slot – Serial Terminal for initial setup
2. Stand-alone – IP settings allow management by Telnet, Web or SNMP
3. Rack management – When placed in NMC managed rack, all other settings will be overridden by
the NMC management.
1.6 Panel
1000EAS/X-1
1
Power FX Link FEFI
Test
2
3
10M 100M 1G
Full
Duplex
4
Figure 1.1 Front Panel of FRM220-1000EAS/X-1
1
1 x SFP port, supports any
125M/1.25G transceiver
2
LED Indicators
3
1 x RJ-45 port, supports
10/100/1000M
4
Reset to default button
8
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
1.7 Factory Reset Procedure
Apply power to 1000EAS/X-1 and allow 30 seconds to fully boot. Using a pencil or ball-point pen,
press the 'DEFAULT' recessed push-button switch (located on the face plate) and hold for 5
seconds and release. DO NOT POWER OFF. Allow the unit to again fully reboot. The defaults are:
IP=10.1.1.1
netmask=255.0.0.0
GW=10.1.1.254
TFTP server=10.1.1.100
The username and password are both reset to 'admin' if enabled.
9
CHAPTER 2
INSTALLATION
CHAPTER 2. INSTALLATION
2.1 Chassis Option
Note: This converter card can be placed in any FRM220 or FRM220A series chassis, including the
single slot CH-01M, two slot CH02M or CH02-NMC, eight slot CH08 or the full twenty slot CH-20
chassis. Chassis with built-in power are available with single AC (100~240VAC), single DC
(18~75VDC), dual AC, dual DC or AC plus DC combo. The single slot chassis with external power
adapter works with AC source voltage only with the provided 100~240VAC 12VDC@1A switching
adapter.
CH02M or CH02-NMC-XX Chassis
(XX= AC, DC, AA, DD or AD)
FRM220-CH20
CH01M or CH01-XX Chassis
(XX= AC, DC, AA, DD or AD)
FRM220-CH01, single slot
chassis requires external AC to
DC 12V switching adapter
Figure 2.1 Chassis options for FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 card
Follow all ESD precautions when handling the card and SFP modules.
10
CHAPTER 2
INSTALLATION
2.2 Electrical Installation
With a built-in AC power chassis, AC power is supplied to the chassis through a standard IEC C14 3prong receptacle, located on the rear of the chassis. Any detachable nationally approved power
cord with IEC C13 line plug may be used to connect AC power to the chassis unit. With a built-in
DC power chassis, DC -48V is connected to the terminal block located on the rear of the chassis,
observing the proper polarity. The chassis should always be grounded through the protective
earth lead of the power cable in AC installations, or via the frame ground connection for DC
installations.
IEC C13 line plug
Left: Live line
Right: Neutral line
Middle: Ground
DC IN
-V FG +V
Left: -V (-48V)
Right: +V (0V)
Middle: Frame Ground
18~75 VDC
Figure 2.2 IEC (AC) & terminal block (DC) power connector pin assignment
2.3 Installation of SFP Module
CTC Union supplied SFP modules are of the Bale Clasp type. The bale clasp pluggable module has a
bale clasp that secures the module into the SFP cage.
2.3.1 Inserting a Bale Clasp SFP Module into the Cage
Step 1 Close the bale clasp upward before inserting the pluggable module.
Step 2 Line up the SFP module with the port, and slide it into the cage.
2.3.2 Removing a Bale Clasp SFP Module
Step 1 Open the bale clasp on the SFP module. Press the clasp downward with your index finger.
Step 2 Grasp the SFP module between your thumb and index finger and carefully remove it from
the SFP cage.
Figure 2.3 Bale Clasp type SFP with bale open
11
CHAPTER 3
PROVISIONING VIA TEXT MENU
CHAPTER 3. PROVISIONING VIA TEXT MENU
3.1 Introduction
1000EAS/X-1 has an easy-to-use menu system that is accessible both through a local serial console
(terminal) connection and through a Telnet connection via TCP/IP network over Ethernet. Both the
serial console and Telnet protocol management methods are employed to provide an easy to use,
text based, menu system for performing all configuration functions. In most cases, we recommend
that the networking engineer start configuration by using serial terminal. Configure the required
TCP/IP parameters for the network deployment, and then continue detailed configurations using
the Web Based GUI. For GUI operation, please refer to Chapter 4.
3.2 Serial Console Login
Serial console login is available when 1000EAS/X-1 is placed in a single slot chassis with DB9 serial
connection such as the CH01M. Connect a 1:1 RS-232 serial cable between the DB9 female on the
1-slot chassis to any available COM port on a PC. Use a terminal emulation program such as
HyperTerminal, PuTTY, or TeraTerm Pro. The latter two are freely available by searching the
Internet. Configure the terminal for 115.2k, 8bit, no parity, 1 stop bit, no flow control and VT-100
emulation.
3.2.1 Main
From the factory, no username or password is required to access the console management of
1000EAS/X-1. If the password is set and forgotten, please do a factory default (refer to 1.7 Factory
Reset Procedure.) When factory reset, the username and password will both be ‘admin’, if
password checking is enabled.
The console operation of 1000EAS/X-1 uses a simple menu system. From the main menu, using
ESC will prompt for a logout. The menu items are selected by simply keying in the menu item's
number (in the < > brackets). Some parameter settings are toggled by a single key stroke, while
others are selected from additional sub-menus. Unless advised that the unit requires a reboot, all
settings take effect immediately
The following is an example of the Main Menu.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
Fiber
[Link Down
] [Remote LB: Off ]
UTP
[Link Up
] [Speed: 100M] [Duplex: Full]
Remote Module
[Empty
]
Port 1 OAM Mode
[Active ]
Advance Functions [Normal ]
<L>
<A>
<M>
<S>
:Local Status and Configuration.
:Remote Status and Configuration.
:SNMP Manager.
:System Configuration.
<ESC>:Logout.
12
CHAPTER 3
PROVISIONING VIA TEXT MENU
3.2.2 Configure TCP/IP settings.
From the Main menu select menu item "<S>" System Configuration. Then, the following screen
appears.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< System Configuration >>
Version
[1.000-1.006-0.000-0.000]
MAC Address
[00:02:AB:04:04:04]
NMC Action
[Inactive (Stand alone)]
<0> :IP Address Mode
[Enable]
<1> :IP Address
[10.1.1.1]
<2> :Subnet Netmask
[255.0.0.0]
<3> :Default Gateway IP [10.1.1.254]
<4> :Host Name
[CTCU]
<5> :TFTP Server IP
[10.1.1.100]
<6> :TFTP File Name
[Image1000x]
<7> :Do TFTP and Update Firmware.
<8> :Remote System Information.
<A> :Alarm Settings.
<B> :Syslog Settings.
<T> :Date and Time.
<L> :Password Setting.
<R> :System Rebooting.
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
Set any of the parameters here by first selecting the menu item, then key in the parameter value.
(For details, see 3.4 System Configuration.) After the parameters have been set, select <R> :System
Reboot and 1000EAS/X-1 will reboot with the new TCP/IP parameters. Once TCP/IP parameters
are set for the connected network, 1000EAS/X-1 will be available for TCP/IP management through
Telnet, Web and SNMP.
3.3 Telnet Login
Connect one of the copper Ethernet ports to a PC or LAN switch. If the TCP/IP settings have not
been done through serial terminal and the unit is still with factory default settings, configure the
PC to the same subnet as 1000EAS/X-1 (recommend 10.1.1.100). Use Telnet protocol (port 23) to
connect to 1000EAS/X-1. If the password has been enabled, then the factory default will be
'admin/admin'.
3.3.1 Main Menu
The Telnet operation of 1000EAS/X-1 uses a simple menu system. From the main menu, using ESC
will prompt for a logout. It is recommended to use the logout function after finishing configuration
or monitoring of 1000EAS/X-1 so that the Telnet session connection is closed normally. The menu
items are selected by simply keying in the menu item's number (in the < > brackets). Some
parameter settings are toggled by a single key stroke, while others are selected from additional
sub-menus. Unless advised that the unit requires a reboot, all settings take effect immediately.
13
CHAPTER 3
PROVISIONING VIA TEXT MENU
The following page has an example of the Main menu. This menu and all menu operations are
identical between serial console with terminal or when using remote Telnet connection. This
manual will explain in detail all of the settings as they can be done through the text based menu
system. However, many users may prefer to just set the TCP/IP settings and then continue any
configuration via the HTTP Web based GUI.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
Fiber
[Link Down
] [Remote LB: Off ]
UTP
[Link Up
] [Speed: 100M] [Duplex: Full]
Remote Module
[Empty
]
Port 1 OAM Mode
[Active ]
Advance Functions [Normal ]
<L>
<A>
<M>
<S>
:Local Status and Configuration.
:Remote Status and Configuration.
:SNMP Manager.
:System Configuration.
<ESC>:Logout.
3.4 System Configuration
Select item 'S' from main menu, System Configuration
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< System Configuration >>
Version
[1.000-1.006-0.000-0.000]
MAC Address
[00:02:AB:04:04:04]
NMC Action
[Inactive (Stand alone)]
<0> :IP Address Mode
[Enable]
<1> :IP Address
[10.1.1.1]
<2> :Subnet Netmask
[255.0.0.0]
<3> :Default Gateway IP [10.1.1.254]
<4> :Host Name
[Host]
<5> :TFTP Server IP
[10.1.1.100]
<6> :TFTP File Name
[Image1000x]
<7> :Do TFTP and Update Firmware.
<8> :Remote System Information.
<A> :Alarm Settings.
<B> :Syslog Settings.
<T> :Date and Time.
<L> :Password Setting.
<R> :System Rebooting.
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
14
CHAPTER 3
PROVISIONING VIA TEXT MENU
<1> IP Address: This is the IPv4 32 bit Internet Protocol decimal formatted address used to identify
this device over the network and provide remote access to it.
<2> Subnet Netmask: The process of subnetting is the division of a computer network into groups
of computers that have a common, designated IP address routing prefix.
<3> Default Gateway IP: A default gateway is the node on the computer network that is chosen
when the IP address does not match any other routes in the routing table.
<4> Host Name: A hostname is a label that is assigned to a device connected to a computer
network and that is used to identify the device in various forms of electronic communication such
as on the World Wide Web.
<5> TFTP Server IP: Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) is a file transfer protocol, with the
functionality of a very basic form of File Transfer Protocol (FTP). This setting is the IP address of
the TFTP server.
<6> TFTP File Name: This is the filename (case sensitive) of the firmware image that is placed on
the TFTP server and that must be downloaded by the TFTP client in 1000EAS/X-1 when performing
a firmware update.
<7> Do TFTP and Update Firmware: This command will start the upgrade process. First the image
file will be downloaded into local RAM. If the image is not found or transfer fails, the upgrade
process will abort. Once the image is successfully downloaded, it is check to be sure it is the
proper image for the right model. At this point, if all is successful, the Flash will be erased and then
reprogrammed with the new image. Any power failure during the erase and re-write will result in
a 'bricked' unit. There is no recovery except to return to factory where the flash chip must be
manually replaced. DO NOT ALLOW ANY POWER INTERRUPTION DURING FLASHING.
<8> Remote System Information: This item will show system information of the remote device.
<A> Alarm Settings: This item will bring up a sub-menu for alarm settings. Alarms are indications
of fiber or UTP link failure as well as remote converter power failure (dying gasp). Alarms are
grouped into two categories; Major Alarms or Minor Alarms. When any alarm occurs, it is then
sent as an unsolicited SNMP trap message. For more detailed information please see 3.4.2 Alarm
Settings.
<B> Syslog Settings: This item brings up the sub menu to configure the alarms to syslog server
functions. Alarms for fiber link, UTP link, dying gasp, loop back, login (from console, Telnet or Web)
and cold start/reboot can be sent to remote syslog server. Please see 3.4.3 Syslog Settings.
<T> Date and Time: This item will bring up a sub-menu for the Simple Network Time Protocol
(SNTP) settings. For more detailed information please see 3.4.4 Date & Time Setup.
<L> Password Setting: This item will bring up a sub-menu for password authentication settings.
For more detailed information, please refer to 3.4.5 Password Setup.
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<R> System Rebooting: This menu item is used to do a "warm boot" of 1000EAS/X-1. Any changes
to the TCP/IP settings will become active after rebooting.
<ESC>: Pressing the escape key will leave the configuration menu and go back to the main menu.
3.4.1 Firmware Upgrade
Occasionally, CTC Union will release new firmware for their products. If new functions are added
through software modification or if programming errors are uncovered and resolved, those items
will be listed in the firmware release note which is included in an 'upgrade package' along with a
detailed upgrade procedure and the firmware image code.
The System Configuration menu is where new firmware may be applied to 1000EAS/X-1. The
firmware is downloaded to the agent using Trivial File Transfer Protocol. Once the TFTP server's IP
is configured and the image file name matches the update image placed in the TFTP root or path,
item #7 will start the upload process. After the image has been downloaded into memory
(approximately 20 seconds), and the check-sum and image ID confirmed, the flash memory will be
erased and the image written to the flash memory (non-volatile memory). Following successful
flash writing (approximately 50 seconds), 1000EAS/X-1 will automatically reboot.
WARNING: Never allow any power disruption during the flash erasing and writing process.
Prerequisites:
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 in any FRM220 chassis (1-slot, 2-slot, 4-slot, 8-slot, 20-slot).
Cat 5e or above Ethernet patch cable
Laptop or PC, TCP/IP ready
Telnet client software (PuTTY or HyperTerminal)
TFTP server (free/open source tftp32 by Ph. Jounin)
Upgrade firmware, for version 1.000, released as 'Image1000x' upgrade image file.
Procedure:
1. Connect 1000EAS/X-1 Ethernet to the desktop's or laptop's Ethernet port with 1:1 UTP patch
cable.
2. Power on 1000EAS/X-1 and wait until fully booted (minimum 20 seconds). With pen or pencil
point, press and hold at least 5 seconds, the 'DEFAULT' switch, located on the lower-right face of
converter. Allow to fully boot again (about 30 seconds). This will restore the converter to factory
default and known parameters.
3. Configure TCP/IP settings on the desktop or Laptop's Ethernet LAN port for:
a. static IP 10.1.1.100
b. subnet mask 255.0.0.0
c. gateway not necessary
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4. Open a command window on the laptop or desktop PC (for example click 'Start' button, click
'Run' and enter 'cmd' in the Run window and click 'OK'). Check the TCP/IP settings with the
'ipconfig' command and then 'ping' FRM220-1000EAS/X-1. Make sure the network connection
works and is reliable. (note: if ping times out, try doing 'arp –d' command, then if still unsuccessful
check cables)
5. Start the TFTP application program by double-clicking the tftp32.exe icon. The program was
extracted with the upgrade package. If the firewall complains, select 'Unblock'. Make sure the
'Image1000x' file is located in the same directory as the TFTP application program.
TFTP
Upgrade
Server
image
application
file
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6. Start the telnet client program of your choice. In this example we are using the PuTTY program,
which is open source, free, and very popular with network engineers.
Key-in the IP address, select the 'Telnet' radio button and then click 'Open'.
7. The upgrade is performed by first selecting 'S', "System Configuration" from the Main menu.
The following screens are examples of menu on FRM220-1000EAS/X-1, version 1.005.
Make sure the settings are correct. The screens below are what you should see if 1000EAS/X-1 has
been returned to its factory default setting. Confirm that the TFTP server IP matches our PC or
Laptop and that the image filename matches our upgrade file name.
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Version 1.005 Screen
Press the
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.005
***
*********************************************
<< System Configuration >>
Version
[1.000-1.005-0.000-0.000]
MAC Address
[00:02:AB:77:77:77]
NMC Action
[Inactive (Stand alone)]
<1> :IP Address
[10.1.1.1]
<2> :Subnet Netmask
[255.0.0.0]
<3> :Default Gateway IP [10.1.1.254]
<4> :Host Name
[easx1]
<5> :TFTP Server IP
[10.1.1.100]
<6> :TFTP File Name
[Image1000x]
<7> :Do TFTP and Update Firmware.
<8> :Remote System Information.
<A> :Alarm Settings.
<B> :Syslog Settings.
<T> :Date and Time.
<L> :Password Setting.
'7' key
"Do TFTP and Upgrade Firmware".
<R> :System Rebooting.
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
You will be prompted for a final Yes or No. (key in "1" or "y")
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1
Ver:1.005
***
*********************************************
<< System Configuration >>
Version
[1.000-1.005-0.000-0.000]
MAC Address
[00:02:AB:77:77:77]
NMC Action
[Inactive (Stand alone)]
<0> :IP Address Mode
[Enable]
<1> :IP Address
[10.1.1.1]
<2> :Subnet Netmask
[255.0.0.0]
<3> :Default Gateway IP [10.1.1.254]
<4> :Host Name
[easx1]
<5> :TFTP Server IP
[10.1.1.100]
<6> :TFTP File Name
[Image1000x]
<8> :Remote System Information.
<7> :Do TFTP and Update Firmware.
<A> :Alarm Settings.
____________________________________________________________________
Download and Flash F/W and Then Rebooting System ?
<0><N> No
<1><Y> Yes
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8. Press the 'Y' key to start TFTP transfer and update. The message like "Write bootpImage to
memory" will be displayed. The file transfer takes about 20 seconds.
<< System Configuration >>
Version
[1.000-1.005-0.000-0.000]
MAC Address
[00:02:AB:77:77:77]
NMC Action
[Inactive (Stand alone)]
<1> :IP Address
[10.1.1.1]
<2> :Subnet Netmask
[255.0.0.0]
<3> :Default Gateway IP [10.1.1.254]
<4> :Host Name
[easx1]
<5> :TFTP Server IP
[10.1.1.100]
<6> :TFTP File Name
[Image1000x]
<7> :Do TFTP and Update Firmware.
<8> :Remote System Information.
<A> :Alarm Settings.
____________________________________________________________________
Upgrade F/W, Please Waiting....
Download Size = 2904707 Bytes.
DO NOT CLOSE THE WINDOW OR ALLOW ANY POWER INTERRUPTION!!!! THIS IS VERY
IMPORTANT.
The flash writing takes at least 50 seconds. The progress bar gives an approximation of the percent
completed. When complete, the "Rebooting …" message will be displayed. DO NOTHING!!
_____________________________________________________
Upgrade F/W, Please Waiting....
Download Size = 2904707 Bytes.
WARNING: Don`t close this window or turn off the power.
0%
100%
|############################################|
Write 2904707 bytes done.
Rebooting ...
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9. After update, FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 will
automatically reboot. The current Telnet
session will be closed. (During reboot, all LEDs
will first go out, then all LEDs will light. The
"Test" LED will extinguish first and a few
seconds later the LEDs will return to normal
running and link states.)
Check that the TFTP transfer was normal
by clicking the ‘Log viewer’ tab.
10. Use Telnet client and login to FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 again.
The following screen shows 1000EAS/X-1 updated to 1.006. For a newer version, this number
should reflect this new version.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X
Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
Fiber
[Link Down
] [Remote LB: Off ]
UTP
[Link Down
] [Speed: -----] [Duplex: ----]
Remote Module
[Empty
]
Port 1 OAM Mode
[Active ]
Advance Functions [Normal ]
<L>
<A>
<M>
<S>
:Local Status and Configuration.
:Remote Status and Configuration.
:SNMP Manager.
:System Configuration.
<ESC>:Logout.
Continue with normal re-configuration.
3.4.2 Alarm Settings
From the Alarm Settings menu, we can configure and assign different alarm conditions to either
major or minor alarm status. In this way, the network administrator can determine which alarm
conditions should be responded to with the highest priority, or which alarms do not need high
priority responses.
From the Main Menu, select the <S> (System Configuration) and from this menu select <A> (Alarm
Settings).
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*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Alarm Settings >>
Major Alarm Status [Inactive]
Minor Alarm Status [Inactive]
<1>
<2>
<3>
<4>
<5>
<6>
:Major
:Minor
:Major
:Major
:Minor
:Minor
Alarm
Alarm
Local
Remote
Local
Remote
[Disable]
[Disable]
Alarm Settings.
Alarm Settings.
Alarm Settings.
Alarm Settings.
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
In the following example, the Major local alarm indication is presented whenever any of the
"checked" events occur. Fiber, UTP link down or remote power failure will be reported as Major
alarms.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Major Local Alarm Settings >>
<1> :[ ]Fiber Link Down
<3> :[ ]UTP
Link Down
<5> :[ ]Remote Power OFF
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
Likewise, Minor local alarms can also be assigned by events. This example shows the local Minor
alarms are reported only if UTP link is down.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Minor Local Alarm Settings >>
<1> :[ ]Fiber Link Down
<3> :[ ]UTP
Link Down
<5> :[ ]Remote Power OFF
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
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Important
In setting of the local and remote units, Major and Minor alarms are key when network
management via SNMP is used. When enabled here and when SNMP trap receivers are configured,
Major and Minor alarm conditions will be reported through the SNMP mechanism as traps. If the
alarms are not configured, no SNMP traps will be generated for error conditions.
3.4.3 Syslog Settings
Syslog is a standard for logging program messages and is now standardized within the Syslog
working group of the IETF. Syslog allows separation of the software that generates messages from
the system that stores them and the software that reports and analyzes them.
Syslog, in 1000EAS/X-1, can be used for security auditing (login) as well as generalized
informational (link down), analysis, and debugging (loop back) messages. The syslog function of
1000EAS/X-1 can be used to integrate log data into a central repository.
Messages are assigned a priority/level (Emergency, Alert, Critical, Error, Warning, Notice, Info or
Debug) by 1000EAS/X-1 and then sent to syslog server.
From the Main Menu, select the <S> (System Configuration) and from this menu select <B> (Syslog
Settings).
<< Syslog Settings >>
Facility
Severity
_____________________________________________________________________________
Local
<1> :Fiber Link Down
[17:Local use 1
] [Critical
]
<3> :UTP
Link Down
[17:Local use 1
] [Critical
]
_____________________________________________________________________________
Remote
<5> :Fiber 1 Link Down [17:Local use 1
] [Critical
]
<6> :Fiber 2 Link Down [17:Local use 1
] [Critical
]
<7> :UTP
3 Link Down [17:Local use 1
] [Critical
]
<8> :UTP
4 Link Down [17:Local use 1
] [Critical
]
_____________________________________________________________________________
<A> :Remote Power OFF [17:Local use 1
] [Critical
]
<C> :Remote Loopback [17:Local use 1
] [Debug
]
<D> :Web
Login
[ 4:Security/Authorization Messages] [Notice
]
<E> :Telnet Login
[ 4:Security/Authorization Messages] [Notice
]
<F> :Console Login
[ 4:Security/Authorization Messages] [Notice
]
<G> :ColdStart/Reboot [ 4:Security/Authorization Messages] [Notice
]
<L> :Syslog Load Default.
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
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3.4.3.1 Syslog Facility
For each of 8 items (fiber, UTP, dying gasp, loop back, web login, telnet login, console login and
cold start) we can define one of 24 facility types and also define severity level.
Select Facility.
0:Kernel Messages
1:User-Level Messages
2:Mail System
3:System Daemons
4:Security/Authorization Message
5:Message Generated Internally
6:Line Printer Subsystem
7:Network News Subsystem
8:UUCP Subsystem
9:Clock Daemon
10:Security/Authorization Message
11:FTP Daemon
Please Input 0 ~ 23 :[
12:NTP Subsystem
13:Log Audit
14:Log Alert
15:Clock Daemon
16:Local use 0
17:Local use 1
18:Local use 2
19:Local use 3
20:Local use 4
21:Local use 5
22:Local use 6
23:Local use 7
]
By default, the Fiber and UTP link down, dying gasp and loopback are all defined a user facility
message. Any logins and reboot are assigned a security/authorization message.
3.4.3.2 Syslog Severity
Each message is also given a severity or priority level with values from 7 to 0 (least severe to most
severe).
Select Severity.
0:Emergency
1:Alert
2:Critical
3:Error
4:Warning
5:Notice
6:Informational
7:Debug
Please Input 0 ~ 7 :[ ]
3.4.3.3 Syslog Server Destination
The syslog messages are sent to a syslog server via TCP/IP. Therefore, we must configure in
1000EAS/X-1, the destination address for syslog messages.
From the Main Menu, select the <M> (SNMP Manager) and from this menu select <S> (Go to
Syslog Configuration Menu).
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<<
#1
#2
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
SNMP Manager Configuration Setup >>
Manager's IP
Community String Access
=================== ================ ==========
-------------------------------------------------
<1>~<8>:Edit Manager #1 to #8 Settings.
<D> :Delete All Settings.
<N> :Go to Trap
Configuration Menu.
<S> :Go to Syslog Configuration Menu.
<ESC> :Go to Previous Menu.
There are up to eight entries that can be filled for individual syslog server destination IP addresses.
Press any number key, 1 through 8 and key in the syslog server’s IP address. Press the <D> key to
delete all entries. Using <ESC> will automatically save the settings and exit to a higher level menu.
Press <ESC> twice to exit back to the Main Menu.
3.4.4 Date & Time Setup
The date and time setup are important so that any trap messages generated by the SNMP agent
will have the correct timestamp. 1000EAS/X-1 supports setting time manually or automatic time
configuration through the use of NTP (Network Time Protocol) or SNTP (Simple Network Time
Protocol).
From the Main Menu, select the <S> (System Configuration) and from this menu select <T> (Date
and Time).
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Date and Time >>
Current Date And Time [1970-01-01/00:27:42 Thu]
Time Server IP
[220.130.158.71]
Time Zone
[GMT +00:00]
Auto Adjust Time
[Disable]
<1>
<2>
<3>
<4>
<5>
:Adjust Current Time.
:Set Time Server IP.
:Set Time Zone.
:Enable/Disable Auto Synchronize Time.
:Synchronize Time with NTP Server.
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
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<1> Adjust Current Time: Use this menu item to manually adjust the date and time. It is important
to note that 1000EAS/X-1 does not provide any clock backup (battery) mechanism. Manual
settings of time are lost in the event of a power failure. Therefore, it is highly recommended that
time be synchronized to network time.
<2> Set Time Server IP: The time server IP is the IP address of a NTP server that provides time
synchronization services on a network. Geographically close servers should be chosen from the
pool of NTP servers.
<3> Set Time Zone: All network time is synchronized to UTC (Coordinated Universal Time) which is
based on International Atomic Time. The time zone setting will let the UTC time appear correctly
for your geographic location. Time zone settings are + (East) or – (West) full or half hours from UTC
coordinates or previously known as GMT (Greenwich Mean Time).
<4> Enable/Disable Auto Synchronize Time: When auto synchronization is enabled, the SNTP
daemon in 1000EAS/X-1 will poll and update time from the time server once every hour.
<5> Synchronize Time with NTP Server: This action will cause the SNTP daemon to immediately
poll and update date and time with the NTP server. The results will either be a 'timeout' or the
time will be successfully synchronized.
3.4.5 Password Setup
Access to 1000EAS/X-1 via Telnet or Web is controlled by the use of user passwords. One user ID
account can be created and assigned password for authentication. The management interface can
only then be accessed by using the correct username and password.
From the Main Menu, select the <S> (System Configuration) and from this menu select <L>
(Password Setting).
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Password Configuration >>
<1> :Telnet/console Login Mode
[Disable]
<2> :Web Login Mode
[Disable]
<3> :Set Local New UID and Password.
<4> :RADIUS Authentication Server Configuration.
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
<1> Telnet/console Login Mode: Disable or enable telnet/console login feature via local access or
Radius.
<2> Web Login Mode: Disable or enable Web login feature via local access or Radius.
<3> Set New UID and Password: Key-in username and password for management authentication.
If the password is lost, the unit must be reset to factory default. See section 1.7.
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<4> RADIUS Authentication Server Configuration: Enter RADIUS authentication server
configuration page. After <4> is pressed, the following image appears.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< RADIUS Authentication Server Configuration Setup >>
IP Address
Port
Secret
==================== ================= =================
#1 ------#2 ------<1> :Edit RADIUS #1 Settings.
<2> :Edit RADIUS #2 Settings.
<D> :Delete All Settings.
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
Press <1> or <2> to edit RADIUS server settings.
3.4.6 System Reboot
The system reboot feature allows an operator to remotely cause 1000EAS/X-1 to do a 'warm boot'.
The system reboot will send a reset signal to both the embedded CPU chip and to the L2 switch
chip. The CPU will then reboot the kernel and reinitialize the switch chip with the stored
configuration settings.
Caution should be exercised when doing a system reset as all traffic through all ports
of the device will be blocked until the switch chip is initialized. In addition, the OAM
discovery and negotiation will need to redo. If enabled, STP (Spanning Tree Protocol)
discovery will need to rebuild path tables.
From the Main Menu, select the <S> (System Configuration) and from this menu select <R>
(System Rebooting). Confirmation is required.
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*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.06
***
*********************************************
<< System Configuration >>
Version
[1.000-1.006-0.000-0.000]
MAC Address
[00:02:AB:77:77:77]
NMC Action
[Inactive (Stand alone)]
<0> :IP Address Mode
[Enable]
<1> :IP Address
[192.168.0.250]
<2> :Subnet Netmask
[255.255.255.0]
<3> :Default Gateway IP [192.168.0.10]
<4> :Host Name
[easx1]
<5> :TFTP Server IP
[192.168.0.49]
<6> :TFTP File Name
[Image1000x]
<7> :Do TFTP and Update Firmware.
<8> :Remote System Information.
<A> :Alarm Settings.
_______________________________________________________________
________________
Reboot System ?
<0><N> No
<1><Y> Yes
When 1000EAS/X-1 does a warm start, the process is almost identical to a cold start.
1. The switch chip is reset at which point all traffic is blocked.
2. The CPU is reset at the same time.
3. The boot process is started from the bootloader read from flash.
4. The bootloader instructs the CPU to copy the image from flash and decompress into RAM.
5. Once the image has decompressed into ram, the CPU continues to execute program from RAM.
6. The previous network settings stored in serial EPROM are used to configure the device's
network configuration.
7. The configuration settings stored in the serial EPROM are read and the settings are programmed
into the switch chip.
8. Traffic will then start to transmit through the switch normally.
9. If OAM is enabled, the OAM discovery will occur.
10. If STP is enabled, the switch won't start to forward packets until the path tables are rebuilt
through learning.
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3.4.7 Fiber Port Provisioning
Select item 'L' from the main menu.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
Fiber
[Link Up
] [Remote LB: Off ]
UTP
[Link Up
] [Speed: 100M] [Duplex: Full]
Remote Module
[Empty
]
Port 1 OAM Mode
[Active ]
Advance Functions [Normal ]
<L>
<A>
<M>
<S>
:Local
Status and Configuration.
:Remote Status and Configuration.
:SNMP Manager.
:System Configuration.
<ESC>:Logout.
From the Local Status and Configuration menu, the fiber and UTP ports can be managed
(activated or disabled, speed & duplex set, ingress & egress bandwidth rates set, and diagnostic
loop back performed) and monitored (link status, RMON counters, DD functions, dying gasp)
individually per port. Select port number. Select items by number/letters.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local Status and Configuration >>
NMC Action
[Inactive (Stand alone)]
<1>
<2>
<D>
<Q>
<S>
<L>
<C>
<M>
:Fiber Status and Configuration.
:UTP
Status and Configuration.
:Device Status and Configuration.
:Static 802.1Q VLAN Status and Configuration.
:Spanning Tree Status and Configuration.
:Link Loss Forwarding Configuration.
:Counters Status and Configuration.
:MAC Address Table.
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
Select the fiber port by keying "1" at the console.
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*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local Fiber Status and Configuration >>
Link Status
[Link Up ]
Remote Device Power
[OK]
OAM Remote Loopback Test [OFF]
OAM Looped
[OFF]
FEF Status
[OFF]
<1>
<2>
<3>
<4>
<5>
<6>
<7>
<A>
<S>
:Port Active
:Auto Laser Shutdown
:OAM Mode
:Remote Loopback Test
:Ingress Rate Limit
:Egress Rate Limit
:Default Port CoS
:Fiber Speed
:SFP and D/D Function
[Enable ]
[Disable]
[Active ]
[Disable]
[Unlimited]
[Unlimited]
[0]
[1000FDX]
[Yes]
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
<1> Port Active: When disabled, this port will no longer transfer any data and the link will be down.
<2> Auto Laser Shutdown: This safety feature, when enabled, will disable the transmit laser if
there is no received signal. It is also referred to as 'ALS'.
<3> OAM Mode: The OAM can be disabled or enabled. Within an OAM broadcast link, there
should only be one 'active' unit and other unit should be 'passive'.
<4> Remote Loopback Test: This function enables or disables the remote OAM loopback test.
When active, OAM loopback frames are sent and the remote equipment should acknowledge
them. The link integrity can be confirmed without using IP protocol. OAM loopback is nonintrusive to normal Ethernet traffic.
<5> & <6> Ingress/Egress Rate Limit: These bandwidth control settings are explained in more
detail under 3.4.8 Fiber Port Rate Limiting.
<7> Default Port CoS: The Class of Service is a 3 bit field within an Ethernet frame header when
using 802.1Q tagging. The field specifies a priority value of between 0 and 7 inclusive that can be
used by Quality of Service (QoS) disciplines to differentiate traffic. When 802.1Q is not enabled,
there is no tag and therefore no 802.1p tag priority. Use this setting to set the default CoS for this
port (0 to 7).
<A> Fiber Speed: 1000EAS/X-1 supports dual rate for the fiber port. The selection must be done
manually for either 100M or 1000M with 1000M being the default. For 1000M, 1.25Gbps SFP
modules are required and for 100M, 155Mbps modules should be used. Multi-Rate type SFP may
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also be used, but in all cases at least one fiber port on a data link should be manually set to the
desired data rate. There is no standard for fiber port speed negotiation.
<S> SFP and D/D Function: The MSA (Multi-Source Agreement) information can be displayed for
the inserted SFP module. An example is shown in 3.4.10 SFP and D/D (DDI/DOM) Functions.
3.4.8 Fiber and UTP Port Rate Limiting
1000EAS/X-1 provides per port ingress and egress rate limiting. For bandwidth settings, IRL or
ingress rate limit refers to limiting any packets coming into that switch port, while ERL or egress
rate limit refers to limiting packets leaving that port. When rate limiting is applied, ERL will use
pause commands (802.3x) when the desired rate limit is exceeded (assuming the connection is Full
Duplex), while any IRL setting will cause packets to be dropped when the limit is exceeded. This is
an important point when doing the rate limit settings. It is preferable to set ERL at each port for
the path that requires limiting so that flow control can help connected devices cope with the
limiting. If IRL is employed, a connected device which has its packets dropped without flow control,
will continue to send packets at its full rate. Also, since the packets are dropped, the application
layer must deal with the packet loss by timing out. It should be noted that for some operators,
dropping packets is preferred to using pause packets. The 1000EAS/X-1 can be flexibly used to
limit transmission using either method.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local Fiber Status and Configuration >>
Link Status
[Link Up ]
Remote Device Power
[OK]
OAM Remote Loopback Test [OFF]
OAM Looped
[OFF]
FEF Status
[OFF]
________________________________________________________________
_______________
Select Ingress Rate Limit.(Range: 64K ~ 990M)
Ingress Rate Limit Input: ____
1000EAS/X-1 supports inputting any value from 64k to 990M. For example, to place an IRL on this
port at 25 megabit per second, key in the IRL as "25m". The results will be:
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*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local Fiber Status and Configuration >>
Link Status
[Link Up ]
Remote Device Power
[OK]
OAM Remote Loopback Test [OFF]
OAM Looped
[OFF]
FEF Status
[OFF]
<1>
<2>
<3>
<4>
<5>
<6>
<7>
<A>
<S>
:Port Active
:Auto Laser Shutdown
:OAM Mode
:Remote Loopback Test
:Ingress Rate Limit
:Egress Rate Limit
:Default Port CoS
:Fiber Speed
:SFP and D/D Function
[Enable ]
[Disable]
[Active ]
[Disable]
[25M]
[Unlimited]
[0]
[1000FDX]
[Yes]
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
The same setting rates can be applied to the egress direction or to the UTP port.
Note: To remove the rate limit, simply enter the value '0' for the limit.
3.4.9 Fiber Speed Setting
1000EAS/X-1 supports dual rate for the fiber port. The selection must be done manually for either
100M or 1000M with 1000M being the default. For 1000M, 1.25Gbps SFP modules are required
and for 100M, 125/155Mbps modules should be used. Multi-Rate type SFP may also be used, and
some 1.25Gbps modules have no problem running at the lower 125Mbps speed for 100Base-FX.
We recommend, however, that at least one fiber port on a data link be manually set to the desired
data rate, as there is no standard for fiber port speed negotiation.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local Fiber Status and Configuration >>
Link Status
[Link Up ]
Remote Device Power
[OK]
OAM Remote Loopback Test [OFF]
OAM Looped
[OFF]
FEF Status
[OFF]
<1> :Port Active
[Enable ]
<2> :Auto Laser Shutdown
[Disable]
<3> :OAM Mode
[Active ]
<4> :Remote Loopback Test
[Disable]
<5> :Ingress Rate Limit
[Unlimited]
<6> :Egress Rate Limit
[Unlimited]
________________________________________________________________
_______________
Set Fiber Speed.
<0> 1000FDX
<1> 100FDX
<ESC>:Previous Menu.
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3.4.10 SFP and D/D Functions
Modern optical SFP transceivers support digital diagnostics monitoring (DD) functions according to
the industry-standard SFF-8472. This optional feature in SFP is also known as digital optical
monitoring (DOM) and gives the end user the ability to monitor real-time parameters of the SFP,
such as optical output power, optical input power, temperature, etc. DD is not available in every
SFP, so if the function says 'No' then the inserted SFP does not support DD. To view this menu,
press "S" from the Fiber Status and Configuration menu.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1
Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local Fiber SFP and D/D Function >>
Vendor Name
[CTC Union
]
Vendor Part Number
[SFS-7020-L31
]
Fiber Type
[Single]
Wave Length
[1310 nm]
Wave Length 2
[-- nm]
Link Length
[20 km]
TX Power
[-2 dBm]
RX Power
[-08 dBm]
RX Sensitivity
[-23 dBm]
Temperature
[51 degree C]
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu..
3.4.11 UTP Port Provisioning
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
Fiber
[Link Down
] [Remote LB: Off ]
UTP
[Link Up
] [Speed: 100M] [Duplex: Full]
Remote Module
[Empty
]
Port 1 OAM Mode
[Active ]
Advance Functions [Normal ]
<L>
<A>
<M>
<S>
:LocalStatus and Configuration.
:Remote Status and Configuration.
:SNMP Manager.
:System Configuration.
<ESC>:Logout.
Select item 'L' from the main menu.
From the Local Status and Configuration menu, the UTP port can be managed (activated or
disabled, speed & duplex set, ingress & egress bandwidth rates set, and diagnostic loop back
performed). Select the UTP port. Select items by number/letters.
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*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local Status and Configuration >>
NMC Action
[Inactive (Stand alone)]
<1>
<2>
<D>
<Q>
<S>
<L>
<C>
<M>
:Fiber Status and Configuration.
:UTP
Status and Configuration.
:Device Status and Configuration.
:Static 802.1Q VLAN Status and Configuration.
:Spanning Tree Status and Configuration.
:Link Loss Forwarding Configuration.
:Counters Status and Configuration.
:MAC Address Table.
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
Select the UTP port by keying "2" at the console.
3.4.11.1 UTP Provisioning
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local UTP Status and Configuration >>
Link Status
[Link Up ]
Speed
[100M]
Duplex
[Full]
<1>
<2>
<5>
<6>
<7>
<S>
:Port Active
[Enable ]
:Negotiation
[Auto]
:Ingress Rate Limit
[Unlimited]
:Egress Rate Limit
[Unlimited]
:Default Port CoS
[0]
:Confirm and Save Settings(Port Active, Speed, Duplex and Negotiation).
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
The upper part of this window displays the current status of the UTP port, whether the link is up or
down, the connected speed and connected duplex. The lower part of the window has the setting
options which are explained below.
<1> Port Active: When disabled, this port will no longer transfer any data and the link will be down.
<2> Negotiation: The UTP ports of this converter follow IEEE802.3u standards for n-way autonegotiation. The port can also be manually configured, over-riding the auto-negotiation in
"forced" or manual mode. These port settings are explained in more detail under 3.4.11.2 UTP
Port Negotiation.
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<5> & <6> Ingress/Egress Rate Limit: These bandwidth control settings are explained in more
detail under 3.4.11.3 UTP Port Rate Limiting.
<7> Default Port CoS: The Class of Service is a 3 bit field within an Ethernet frame header when
using 802.1Q tagging. The field specifies a priority value of between 0 and 7 inclusive that can be
used by Quality of Service (QoS) disciplines to differentiate traffic. When 802.1Q is not enabled,
there is no tag and therefore no 802.1p tag priority. Use this setting to set the default CoS for this
port (0 to 7).
<S> Confirm and Save Settings: Any settings made in this menu are not saved and only become
active when this save procedure is completed.
3.4.11.2 UTP Negotiation
By changing the negotiation setting from 'Auto' to 'Manual', the additional menu items 3 & 4 are
revealed.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local UTP Status and Configuration >>
Link Status
[Link Up ]
Speed
[100M]
Duplex
[Full]
<1> :Port Active
<2> :Negotiation
<3> :Speed
<4> :Duplex
<5> :Ingress Rate
<6> :Egress Rate
<7> :Default Port
<S> :Confirm and
Negotiation).
[Enable ]
[Manual]
[10M]
[Half]
Limit
[Unlimited]
Limit
[Unlimited]
CoS
[0]
Save Settings(Port Active, Speed, Duplex and
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
<3> Speed: The UTP port supports 10, 100, or 1000 forced configuration speed.
<4> Duplex: The UTP port supports Full or Half-Duplex forced operation modes. Gigabit (1000M)
Ethernet cannot be set to Half-Duplex as it is not IEEE standard.
Settings on this page must be confirmed, when prompted, by pressing the 'S' key. It is at this point
that they also actually become active in the switch of 1000EAS/X-1.
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3.4.11.3 UTP Port Rate Limiting
1000EAS/X-1 provides per port ingress and egress rate limiting. For bandwidth settings, IRL or
ingress rate limit refers to limiting any packets coming into the switch port, while ERL or egress
rate limit refers to limiting packets leaving the port. When rate limiting is applied, ERL will use
pause commands (802.3x) when the desired rate limit is exceeded, while any IRL setting will cause
packet to be dropped when the limit is exceeded. This is an important point when doing the rate
limit settings. It is preferable to set ERL at each port for the path that requires limiting so that flow
control can help connected devices cope with the limiting. If IRL is employed, a connected device
which has its packets dropped without flow control, will continue to send packets at its full rate.
Also, since the packets are dropped, the application layer can only deal with the packet loss by
timing out. It should be noted that for some operators, dropping packets is preferred to using
pause packets. The 1000EAS/X-1 can be flexibly used to limit transmission using either method.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local UTP Status and Configuration >>
Link Status
[Link Up ]
Speed
[100M]
Duplex
[Full]
<1> :Port Active
[Enable ]
________________________________________________________________
_______________
Select Ingress Rate Limit.(Range: 64K ~ 990M)
Ingress Rate Limit Input: ____
1000EAS/X-1 supports inputting any value from 64k to 990M. For example, to place an IRL on this
port at 50 megabit per second, key in the IRL as "50m". The results will be:
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local UTP Status and Configuration >>
Link Status
[Link Up ]
Speed
[100M]
Duplex
[Full]
<1> :Port Active
<2> :Negotiation
<5> :Ingress Rate
<6> :Egress Rate
<7> :Default Port
<S> :Confirm and
Negotiation).
[Enable ]
[Auto]
Limit
[50M]
Limit
[Unlimited]
CoS
[0]
Save Settings(Port Active, Speed, Duplex and
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
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The same setting rates can be applied to the egress direction on the UTP port.
Note: To remove the rate limit, simply enter the value '0' for the limit.
3.5 Device Status and Configuration
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
Fiber
[Link Up
] [Remote LB: Off ]
UTP
[Link Up
] [Speed: 100M] [Duplex: Full]
Remote Module
[Empty
]
Port 1 OAM Mode
[Active ]
Advance Functions [Normal ]
<L>
<A>
<M>
<S>
:Local
Status and Configuration.
:Remote Status and Configuration.
:SNMP Manager.
:System Configuration.
<ESC>:Logout.
Select item 'L' from the main menu.
From the Local Status and Configuration menu, the Device Status and Configuration menu can
view the status and set the configuration mode.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local Status and Configuration >>
NMC Action
[Inactive (Stand alone)]
<1>
<2>
<D>
<Q>
<S>
<L>
<C>
<M>
:Fiber Status and Configuration.
:UTP Status and Configuration.
:Device Status and Configuration.
:Static 802.1Q VLAN Status and Configuration.
:Spanning Tree Status and Configuration.
:Link Loss Forwarding Configuration.
:Counters Status and Configuration.
:MAC Address Table.
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
Select the Device Status and Configuration by keying "D" at the console.
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<< Local Device Status and Configuration >>
<1>
<2>
<3>
<4>
<5>
<6>
<7>
<8>
<A>
<L>
<R>
:MAC Learning Function
[Enable ]
:Pause Frame
[Disable]
:Advance Functions
[Normal ]
:UPnP
[Disable]
:QoS Priority Mode
[Weighted]
:Maximum OAMPDUs Size (60 ~ 1518 Octets) [1500]
:Accept Remote H/W Reset [Disable]
:Tag's CoS Mapping to Internal Classify.
:Remote H/W Reset.
:Load Default Settings and Write to System.
:System Reboot.
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
The setting options which are explained below.
<1> MAC Learning Function: Ethernet frames are processed by the MAC learning function and
used to populate the MAC filtering address table. The table, which holds up to 1000 addresses, is
then used to correctly forward outgoing frames to the right port. When the learning function is
disabled, a packet arriving at one port will then be forwarded transparently to the other port. No
filtering will be done, because the MAC filtering table will be empty.
<2> Pause Frame: PAUSE is a flow control mechanism on full duplex Ethernet link segments
defined by IEEE 802.3x and uses MAC Control frames to carry the PAUSE commands. Pressing the
"1" key here will toggle this function between enabled or disabled.
<3> Advanced Functions: 1000EAS/X-1 acts as a normal L2 switch when the setting here is
'normal'. Advanced functions are explained in detail in 3.6 Advanced Functions.
<4> Upnp: UPnP or Universal Plug 'n Play is a set of networking protocols promulgated by the
UPnP Forum. When connected to a network, 1000EAS/X-1 will automatically announce its
network address and supported device and services types, enabling clients that recognize those
types to immediately begin using the device.
<5> QoS Priority Mode: The priority mode may either be set as 'Weighted' or as 'Strict'. Note:
'Strict' mode could result in packet starvation.
<6> Maximum OAMPDU Size: This sets the maximum size of the OAM Protocol Data Unit (PDU).
In order for two devices to communicate properly at the OAM level, this setting must be the same.
We recommend leaving the default setting size of 1500.
<7> Accept Remote H/W Reset: When this parameter is enabled, the remotely connected unit will
be allowed to reset this device if it gives the proper OAM command. If this parameter is disabled
(default), the remote unit's reset command will be ignored by this unit.
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<8> Tag's CoS Mapping to Internal Classify: The Class of Service is a 3 bit field within an Ethernet
frame header when using 802.1Q tagging. The field specifies a priority value of between 0 and 7
inclusive that can be used by Quality of Service (QoS) disciplines to differentiate traffic. The
internal Ethernet switch of 1000EAS/X-1 supports only 2 bit priority values, 0 to 3 inclusive. This
function is used to map CoS 8 levels to the internal switch’s 4 QoS priority levels.
<A> Remote H/W Reset: This function will request the remote unit (fiber port connected unit) to
do a warm boot startup. This remote unit must have enabled the "Accept Remote H/W Reset"
function, or it cannot be remotely reset.
<L> Load Default Settings and Write to System: This function will load all the factory default
settings and write them to the internal non-volatile ram. This is "almost" equivalent to doing the
"Default" factory reset with the front panel 'Default' push-button switch. Using this function will
NOT default the TCP/IP settings (IP address, mask, gateway, etc.).
<R> System Reboot: The unit will undergo a 'warm boot' if this function is selected and confirmed.
3.6 Advanced Functions
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local Device Status and Configuration >>
<1> :MAC Learning Function
[Enable ]
<2> :Pause Frame
[Disable]
<3> :Advance Functions
[Normal ]
________________________________________________________________
Select Advance Functions.
<0>
<1>
<2>
<3>
<4>
<5>
Normal
Static 802.1Q VLAN
Q-in-Q VLAN
802.1Q VLAN Trunk
Spanning Tree Protocol
Spanning Tree Protocol & Static 802.1Q VLAN
<ESC>:Previous Menu.
1000EAS/X-1 has several sets of pre-defined 'advanced functions' which allow the user to quickly
configure the switch for specific applications. Each of these is shown below and will be explained
in detail.
<0> Normal: This is the default mode of 1000EAS/X-1. In this mode the unit is a simple managed
Ethernet media converter/switch.
<1> Static 802.1Q VLAN: This mode will open up the unit to further configuration for 802.1Q VLAN
settings. This mode's application drawing and details are shown in 3.6.1 Static 802.1Q VLAN.
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<2> Q-in-Q VLAN: This advanced function supports 802.1ad VLAN stacking or what is commonly
called QinQ. The application drawing and details for this mode are shown in 3.6.2 Q-IN-Q VLAN.
<3> 802.1Q VLAN Trunk: This is a special mode designed for connecting a 1000EAS/X-1 on the
'trunk' between Cisco switches. The application drawing and details for this mode are shown in
3.6.3 802.1Q VLAN Trunk.
<4> Spanning Tree Protocol: The Spanning tree protocol (STP) is a link layer network protocol that
ensures a loop-free topology for any bridged LAN. Use this protocol when setting up the
converter/switch in ring or mesh topologies. The application drawing and details for this mode are
shown in 3.6.4 Spanning Tree Protocol.
<5> Spanning Tree Protocol & Static 802.1Q VLAN: This setting mode allows the simultaneous use
of STP and 802.1Q VLAN.
3.6.1 Static 802.1Q VLAN
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local Static 802.1Q VLAN status and Configuration >>
<V> : VLAN Configuration
[Static 802.1Q VLAN]
Port 1: Priority for Tag [CoS 0]
<1> :VID [
1]
<2> :QinQ Support [Disable]
Port 2: Priority for Tag [CoS 0]
<5> :VID [
1]
<6> :QinQ Support [Disable]
<M> :Management VID [
1]
<T> :Tag Type (Hex) [8100]
<Z> :Go to VLAN Table Configuration Page.
<S> :Save Settings.
<ESC>:Don't Save Settings and Go to Previous Menu.<ESC>:Previous
Menu.
<1> VID (VLAN Identifier): a 12-bit field specifying the VLAN to which the frame belongs. A value of
0 means that the frame does not belong to any VLAN. In this case the 802.1Q tag specifies only a
priority and is referred to as a priority tag. The hexadecimal values of 0x000 (0) and 0xFFF (4095)
are reserved. All other values may be used as VLAN identifiers, allowing up to 4094 VLANs. The
setting here in the 1000EAS/X-1 operate on incoming packets at each designated port. The set VID
will be tagged to the incoming packet.
<2> Q-in-Q Support: With the IEEE standard 802.1ad, double-tagging can be useful for Internet
service providers, allowing them to use VLANs internally while mixing traffic from clients that are
already VLAN-tagged. The outer (next to source MAC and representing ISP VLAN) S-TAG (service
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tag) comes first, followed by the inner C-TAG (customer tag). In such cases, 802.1ad specifies a
TPID of 0x88a8 for service-provider outer S-TAG.
<M> Management VID: By default this VID is 1. Set this to the VID that will be used to manage the
1000EAS/X-1 converter over Ethernet.
<T> Tag Type: or Tag Protocol Identifier (TPID) : a 16-bit field set to a value of 0x8100 in order to
identify the frame as an IEEE 802.1Q-tagged frame. This field is located at the same position as the
EtherType/Size field in untagged frames, and is thus used to distinguish the frame from untagged
frames.
<Z> Go to VLAN Table Configuration Page: This menu item brings up the static VLAN table to
review status or make additions or modifications.
<S> Save Settings: After making changes and before leaving this menu page, use this command to
commit the changes to the 1000EAS/X-1.
3.6.1.1 Static VLAN Table Configuration
Select item <Z> to enter VLAN Table Configuration Page.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local Static VLAN Table Configuration >>
Item | VLAN ID |
Port 1
|
Port 2
|
<N><PageDown>:Show Next Page.
<P><PageUp> :Show Previous Page.
<DownArrow>:Show Next Item.
<UpArrow> :Show Previous Item.
<V> :VLAN Table Operation.
<R> :Reset Static 802.1Q VLAN Settings.
<C> :Clear Static 802.1Q VLAN Table.
<ESC>:Go to Port VID Configuration Page.
The static VLAN table Operation is accessed through the <V> menu item.
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Operate:[
]
.....................................................................
Operate VLAN Table: Select Operation.
<1> Modify
<2> Create
<3> Delete
<ESC>:Discard and Return.
Select <2> Create to create a VLAN ID.
Operate:[Create]
VLAN ID:[
]
...............................................................................
Operate VLAN Table: Select VLAN ID.
<ESC>:Previous Page.
Please Input 1 ~ 4094 :[
1]
Enter the VLAN ID. Then press “Enter” key. The following image appears.
Operate:[Create]
VLAN ID:[
1]
Port 1:[
],Port 2:[
]
...............................................................................
Operate VLAN Table: Select Port 1 Membership.
<1> UnModified
<2> UnTagged
<3> Tagged
<4> NonMember
<ESC>:Previous Page.
Some Tagging definitions:
<1> Unmodified: This means that packets exiting the assigned port will still have the same tag as
when they entered any other port of the switch, i.e., unmodified.
<2> Untagged: This means that any packets exiting the assigned port will have all tag information
removed.
<3> Tagged: This means that packets exiting the assigned port will have the packets tagged with
the VID assigned to that port.
<4> Non-member: When a port is not a member of a VID, packets tagged with that VID will not be
allowed to exit that port.
When assigning static VLAN ID, any ID from 1-4094 can be chosen. However, the maximum
number of VID table entries for 1000EAS/X-1 is 64 static VLANs.
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3.6.2 Q-in-Q VLAN
The VLAN settings are performed in the same manners as for Static 802.1Q VLAN. After the
settings are completed, return to the Status and Configuration page and select item <D> Device
Status and Configuration.
<< Remote Device Status and Configuration >>
<1>
<2>
<3>
<4>
<5>
<6>
<7>
<8>
<9>
<L>
<R>
:MAC Learning Function
[Enable ]
:Pause Frame
[Disable]
:Advance Functions
[Normal ]
:UPnP
[Disable]
:QoS Priority Mode
[Weighted]
:Maximum OAMPDUs Size (60 ~ 1518 Octets) [1500]
:Accept Remote H/W Reset [Disable]
:Tag's CoS Mapping to Internal Classify.
:Set Remote IP Address
:Load Default Settings and Write to System.
:System Reboot.
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
Select <3>, Advanced Functions
The screen will look like the following.
Select Advance Functions.
<0>
<1>
<2>
<3>
<4>
<5>
Normal
Static 802.1Q VLAN
Q-in-Q VLAN
802.1Q VLAN Trunk
Spanning Tree Protocol
Spanning Tree Protocol & Static 802.1Q VLAN
From the Advanced Functions screen, select <2> Q-in-Q VLAN. The following screen will be
displayed.
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<< Remote Device Status and Configuration >>
<1>
<2>
<3>
<4>
<5>
<6>
<7>
<8>
<9>
<L>
<R>
:MAC Learning Function
[Enable ]
:Pause Frame
[Disable]
:Advance Functions
[Q-in-Q VLAN ]
:UPnP
[Disable]
:QoS Priority Mode
[Weighted]
:Maximum OAMPDUs Size (60 ~ 1518 Octets) [1500]
:Accept Remote H/W Reset [Disable]
:Tag's CoS Mapping to Internal Classify.
:Set Remote IP Address
:Load Default Settings and Write to System.
:System Reboot.
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
Note: No VLAN settings are active until the Q-in-Q VLAN is enabled in Advanced Functions.
3.6.3 802.1Q VLAN Trunk
The VLAN Trunk feature is a quick way to configure 1000EAS/X-1 for management between two
trunked Cisco switches. In the following application, the existing trunk VLAN is already provided
between the two Cisco switches. The object here is to be able to allow the PC at either end (PC-A
or PC-B) to manage 1000EAS/X-1 devices. In this example, the management VID=5.
Cisco
Cisco
1000EAS/X-1
3550
PC A
UTP
Packets
Packets
with or W/O Tag
W/O Tag
VID=5
1000EAS/X-1
Fiber
Fiber
Packets
with or W/O Tag
VID=5
Fiber
2900
UTP
PC B
Packets
with or W/O Tag
VID=5
Packets
W/O Tag
The above application configuration can be done manually through the normal 802.1Q setting
menus. First we will explain the manual setting mode.
1. From the main menu, select either the Local or Remote unit for configuration. Select <Q>
for 802.1Q setting.
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*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local Static 802.1Q VLAN status and Configuration >>
<V> : VLAN Configuration
[Static 802.1Q VLAN]
Port 1: Priority for Tag [CoS 0]
<1> :VID [
1]
<2> :QinQ Support [Disable]
Port 2: Priority for Tag [CoS 0]
<5> :VID [
1]
<6> :QinQ Support [Disable]
<M>
<T>
<Z>
<S>
:Management VID [
1]
:Tag Type (Hex) [8100]
:Go to VLAN Table Configuration Page.
:Save Settings.
<ESC>:Don't Save Settings and Go to Previous Menu.
2. Select <M> Management VID and change to 5. Save.
Set Management VID(The Default Value of 1).
<ESC>:Discard and Return.
Please Input 1 ~ 4094 :[5
]
Next, configure the Static 802.1Q VLAN table as follows:
A. Make VID=1 and 'Untag' for all ports.
B. Make VID=5 and make it 'Tagged' for fiber port and 'Tagged' for UTP port.
3. From the VLAN Status and Configuration page, select <Z> Go to VLAN Table Configuration.
Then select <V> VLAN Table Operation. Create VID 1 and untag all ports. Save. The create
VID 5 and make sure it is 'Tagged' on fiber and UTP ports. Save
The results look like this:
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*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1
Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Remote Static VLAN Table Configuration >>
Item | VLAN ID |
Port 1
|
Port 2
|
01 |
1
| Untagged | Untagged |
02 |
5
|
Tagged
| Untagged |
<N><PageDown>:Show Next Page.
<P><PageUp> :Show Previous Page.
<DownArrow>:Show Next Item.
<UpArrow> :Show Previous Item.
<V> :VLAN Table Operation.
<R> :Reset Static 802.1Q VLAN Settings.
Now,
PC-A and PC-B can both manage the 1000EAS/X-1.
<C> :Clear Static 802.1Q VLAN Table.
PC-A can ping PC-B.
To<ESC>:Go
do all the
without
any other Page.
settings, simply choose the <7> 802.1Q VLAN Trunk
to above
Port VID
Configuration
Advanced Feature, from the Device Status and Configuration page and set the Management
VID=5. All other settings will be automatically done.
Action performed by this application:
If an untagged packet ingresses at 1000EAS/X-1 port 1 (Fiber), VID=1 tag will be added to the
packet from the switch. When the packet egresses port 2 (UTP) VID=1 tag will be removed
(untagged).
If a tagged packet with VID=5 ingresses at 1000EAS/X-1 port 1 (Fiber), it will be passed through
the internal switch and still be tagged with VID=5 as it egresses port 2 (UTP).
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3.6.4 Spanning Tree Protocol
The Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) is a link layer (OSI Layer 2) network protocol that ensures a loopfree topology for any bridged LAN. The basic function of STP is to prevent bridge loops and ensuing
broadcast radiation.
STP is standardized as 802.1D, while RSTP or Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol is standardized as
802.1W. STP creates a spanning tree within a mesh network of connected layer-2 Ethernet
switches, and disables those links that are not part of the spanning tree, leaving a single active
path between any two network nodes.
Spanning tree allows a network design to include spare (redundant) links to provide automatic
backup paths if an active link fails, without the danger of bridge loops, or the need for manual
enabling/disabling of these backup links. Bridge loops must be avoided because they result in
flooding the internet network.
Return to the main menu on the local unit. Then select the local unit for configuration by choosing
<L>.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
Fiber
[Link Down
] [Remote LB: Off ]
UTP
[Link Up
] [Speed: 100M] [Duplex: Full]
Remote Module
[Empty
]
Port 1 OAM Mode
[Active ]
Advance Functions [Static 802.1Q VLAN]
<L> :Local Status and Configuration.
<A> :Remote Status and Configuration.
<M> :SNMP Manager.
<S> :System Configuration.
<ESC>:Logout.<ESC>:Logout.
Select <S> Spanning Tree Status and Configuration.
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*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local Status and Configuration >>
NMC Action
[Inactive (Stand alone)]
<1> :Fiber Status and Configuration.
<2> :UTP
Status and Configuration.
<D> :Device Status and Configuration.
<Q> :Static 802.1Q VLAN Status and Configuration.
<S> :Spanning Tree Status and Configuration.
<L> :Link Loss Forwarding Configuration.
<C> :Counters Status and Configuration.
<M> :MAC Address Table.
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
Then, the following image appears.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local Spanning Tree Status >>
Bridge Status:
STP Enable
[OFF
]
Bridge ID
[-----------------]
Designated Root [-----------------]
Root Port
[------]
Root Path Cost
[----------]
Max Age
[--]
Hello Time
[--]
Forward Delay [--]
Port 1 Status:
Bridge Port
[Yes
]
Port ID
[------]
Port State
[None
]
Path Cost
[----------]
Designated Bridge[-----------------]
Designated Port[------]
<P><LeftArrow> :Previous Port.
<N><RightArrow>:Next Port.
<G> :Go to STP Configuration Menu.
<ESC>:Previous Menu.
<G> :Go to STP Configuration Menu.
The root
bridge of the spanning tree is the bridge with the lowest bridge ID. Each bridge has a
<ESC>:Previous Menu.
unique identifier (ID) and a configurable priority number; the Bridge ID contains both numbers. To
compare two bridge IDs, the priority is compared first. If two bridges have equal priority, then the
MAC addresses are compared. For example, if switches A (MAC=0002ab111111) and B
(MAC=0002ab212121) both have a priority of 8000, then switch A will be selected as the root
bridge (it has the lower value MAC address). If the network administrators would like switch B to
become the root bridge, they must set its priority to be less than 8000.
Spanning tree computes its path by following the path of least cost, i.e., a path from the device to
the root that has minimum cost among all paths from the device to the root. The cost of traversing
a path is the sum of the costs of the segments on the path. The port connecting to that path
becomes the root port (RP) of the bridge. Different technologies have different default costs for
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network segments. An administrator can configure the cost of traversing a particular network
segment. The default root path cost in 1000EAS/X-1 is 0.
The switch sends a BPDU (Bridge Protocol Data Units) frame using the unique MAC address of the
port itself as a source address, and a destination address of the STP multicast address
01:80:C2:00:00:00.
There are three types of BPDUs:
1. Configuration BPDU (CBPDU), used for Spanning Tree computation
2. Topology Change Notification (TCN) BPDU, used to announce changes in the network
topology
3. Topology Change Notification Acknowledgment (TCA)
Hello Time is the time interval (number of seconds between) at which the root bridge transmits
configuration BPDUs.
When a device is first attached to a switch port, it will not immediately start to forward data. It will
instead go through a number of states while it processes BPDUs and determines the topology of
the network. The time spent in the listening and learning states is determined by a value known as
the Forward Delay (default 15 seconds and set by the root bridge).
Maximum Age, referred to by the switch as Max Age, is the amount of time a switch will retain a
BPDU's contents before discarding it. The default is 20 seconds. It also influences the bridge table
aging timer during the Topology Change Notification process.
Remember that these timers should not be changed lightly. If you decide to change any or all of
these timers, that change must be configured on the root bridge! The root bridge will inform the
non-root switches of the change via BPDUs.
3.6.5 Class of Service
Class of Service (COS) is a technique used to deliver Quality of Service (QoS) in a network. CoS is a
way of classifying and prioritizing packets based on classification. A "first class" priority label is
assigned to data applications - such as mission-critical data transactions, or video or voice
transmissions - which require faster turnaround, while a lower-priority label is assigned to less
time-sensitive traffic, such as e-mail and Web surfing.
CoS, as defined in IEEE 802.1p, uses Layer 2 VLAN Tagging and makes use of three bits in the
Ethernet frame header that can be used to specify priority. The field specifies a priority value of
between 0 and 7 inclusive that can be used by Quality of Service (QoS) disciplines to differentiate
traffic.
CoS operates only on Ethernet at the data link layer.
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Where QoS mechanisms are used, an aggregate traffic stream may be classified into a number of
constituent classes, and different QoS guarantees may be provided to different classes within the
aggregate. When a class has a defined minimum bandwidth assurance, this is referred to as the
class capacity.
1000EAS/X-1 supports either a fixed-priority (strict-priority) or weighted (fair-queuing) scheme.
In the strict priority scheme, all top-priority frames egress a port until that priority's queue is
empty. Then the next lower priority queue's frames egress. This approach can cause the lower
priorities to be starved of opportunity for transmitting any frames but ensures all high priority
frames egress the switch as soon as possible.
In the weighted scheme, an 8, 4, 2, 1 weighting is applied to the four queue priorities. This
approach prevents the lower priority frames from being starved of opportunity for transmission
with only a slight delay to the higher priority frames.
The IEEE 802.3ac Tag contains IEEE 802.1p priority information, and it will override any default
port CoS policy.
The switch in 1000EAS/X-1 has four internal priority queues (0~3) which need to be mapped to the
802.1Q QoS eight priority (0~7) levels. The switch requires that each port (two fiber and two UTP
in 1000EAS/X-1) have a mapping for queue priority.
To configure the CoS feature, first, from the main menu go to the <L> Local Status and
Configuration menu, then select <D> Device Status and Configuration, then select <8> Tag's CoS
Mapping to Internal Classify. This is where the Class of Service priority (0~7) can be mapped to
1000EAS/X-1 internal switch's priority queues (0~3). In the switch, 3 is the highest priority queue
and 0 has the lowest priority.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Tag CoS Mapping to Internal Classify >>
<1> :CoS 0 [1]
<2> :CoS 1 [0]
<3> :CoS 2 [0]
<4> :CoS 3 [1]
<5> :CoS 4 [2]
<6> :CoS 5 [2]
<7> :CoS 6 [3]
<8> :CoS 7 [3]
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
From the Device Status and Configuration page, the <5> QoS Priority Mode can be configured
either as a weighted classification or as strict classification.
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Set Egress Scheduling Mode.
<1> Weighted
<2> Strict
<ESC>:Previous Menu.
Next, for each of 1000EAS/X-1 ports (fiber and UTP port) the CoS priority can be assigned.
<< Remote Fiber Status and Configuration >>
Link Status
[Link Up ]
Remote Device Power
[OK]
OAM Remote Loopback Test [OFF]
OAM Looped
[OFF]
Fiber Speed
[1000M]
Port Active
[Enable ]
<2> :Auto Laser Shutdown
[Disable]
<3> :OAM Channel Mode
[Active ]
<4> :Remote Loopback Test [Disable]
<5> :Ingress Rate Limit
[Unlimited]
________________________________________________________________________
Set Default Port's Class of Service(CoS).
<0> 0
<4> 4
<1> 1
<5> 5
<2> 2
<6> 6
<3> 3
<7> 7
<ESC>:Previous Menu.
So, for example, if the fiber port's CoS is set to '7' and CoS priority 7 is mapped to the internal
switch's queue 3, then packets destined to egress this fiber port will have the highest priority.
3.6.6 Remote IP Setting
This feature allows setting up the TCP/IP for remotely connected converters by utilizing OAM
connection. From the main menu page, select <A> Remote status and configuration. Select the
Device Status and Configuration menu item. Then select <9> Set Remote IP Address.
Set Remote IP Address
<1>:IP Address
<2>:Subnet Mask
<3>:Default Gateway IP
[10.1.1.1]
[255.0.0.0]
[10.1.1.254]
<ESC>:Previous Menu.
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3.6.7 MAC Learning Function
This feature allows turning off the MAC learning function of the store & forward switch for special
applications or for testing. From the main menu page, select the <L> Local Status and
Configuration. Select the <D> Device Status and Configuration menu item. Then select <1> MAC
Learning Function.
Set MAC Learning Function.
<0> Disable
<1> Enable
<ESC>:Previous Menu.
3.7 OAM Configuration
Ethernet in the First Mile (EFM) is the nickname of IEEE Std 802.3ah-2004, an amendment to the
Ethernet standard, specifying "Media Access Control Parameters, Physical Layers, and
Management Parameters for Subscriber Access Networks". The EFM standard was approved by
the IEEE Standards Board in June 2004, and officially published on September 7, 2004. In 2005 it
was included into the base IEEE 802.3 standard.
The "Last Mile" is the name traditionally given to the part of a public communication network that
links the last provider-owned node (the central office, the street cabinet or pole) with the
customer premises equipment (CPE). The "First Mile" is the exact same thing, viewed from the
customer's perspective.
IEEE 802.3ah OAM (Operations, Administration, Maintenance) specification covers the OAM
frames used across a physical IEEE 802.3 medium between a Provider and a Customer, or perhaps
between two Provider ports or two Customer ports. In 1000EAS/X-1 product, OAM refers to the
frames sent between units on a fiber link. OAM is NOT forwarded over links.
Ethernet OAM is complementary, not competitive, with SNMP (Simple Network Management
Protocol) management in that it provides some basic management functions at layer two, rather
than using layer three and above as required by SNMP over an IP infrastructure. Ethernet OAM
provides single-hop functionality in that it works only between two directly connected Ethernet
stations. SNMP can be used to manage the Ethernet OAM interactions of one Ethernet station
with another.
3.7.1 OAM PDU frame size
OAM PDU frames must be within the legal Ethernet frame size range of 64 to 1518 bytes. OAM
frames MUST be untagged. The maximum transmit rate of OAM PDU frames is 10 per second. In
an OAM pair, only the 'Active' unit needs to set the frame size. The 'Passive' OAM unit will
negotiate and follow the 'Active' unit during OAM Discovery. The default and recommended OAM
PDU size is 1500 bytes. The active and passive units must have the same OAM frame size.
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To configure, from the main menu, select <L> (Local Status and Configuration), then select <D>
(Device Status and Configuration). From this menu select <6> (Maximum OAMPDUs Size) and set
as follows.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local Device Status and Configuration >>
<1> :MAC Learning Function
[Enable ]
<2> :Pause Frame
[Enable ]
<3> :Advance Functions
[Static 802.1Q VLAN]
<4> :UPnP
[Disable]
<5> :QoS Priority Mode
[Weighted]
<6> :Maximum OAMPDUs Size (60 ~ 1518 Octets) [1500]
<7> :Accept Remote H/W Reset [Disable]
<8> :Tag's CoS Mapping to Internal Classify.
<A> :Remote H/W Reset.
<L> :Load Default Settings and Write to System.
________________________________________________________________
Set MAX OAMPDUs Size(Allowed Range: 60 ~ 1518 Bytes).
<ESC>:Discard and Return.
Please Input Size:[
]
3.7.2 OAM Mode
The OAM in 1000EAS/X-1 converter only works on fiber links. Both units on the fiber link must be
CTC Union 1000EAS/X-1 units. The OAM mode can be set to one of three choices: disabled, active
or passive. In the OAM scheme, the 'active' unit will provide the OAM configuration to 'passive'
unit during OAM discovery phase. If both units on the fiber link are set to 'active' mode, the one
with lower MAC address will become the active node and the higher MAC address unit will assume
passive mode.
To configure, from the main menu, select <L> (Local Status and Configuration), then select the
fiber port <1>. From this menu select <3> (OAM Mode) and set as follows.
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*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local Fiber Status and Configuration >>
Link Status
[Link Down]
Remote Device Power
[None]
OAM Remote Loopback Test [OFF]
OAM Looped
[OFF]
FEF Status
[OFF]
<1> :Port Active
[Enable ]
<2> :Auto Laser Shutdown
[Disable]
<3> :OAM Mode
[Active ]
<4> :Remote Loopback Test
[Disable]
<5> :Ingress Rate Limit
[Unlimited]
<6> :Egress Rate Limit
[Unlimited]
_____________________________________________________________________
Set OAM Mode.
<0> Disable
<1> Passive
<2> Active
<ESC>:Previous Menu.<ESC>:Previous Menu.
3.8 Link Loss Forwarding
In a simple media converter (two ports), a loss of fiber receive signal (link failure) can be used to
force down the electrical Ethernet link and vice versa. This mechanism is referred to as "Link Loss
Forwarding" or "Link Fault Pass-thru".
Link State
Forced down
Fiber
UTP
Link Loss Forwarding (LLF) Mechanism
1000EAS/X-1 model is a two port L2 Gigabit Ethernet switch with one fiber and one electrical
Ethernet port. With Link Loss Forwarding mechanism, when one Ethernet port detects a link down
condition, this media converter can be programmed to logically force down any or all of the other
Ethernet ports. The settings are done by check box in a 2x2 matrix.
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To configure, from the main menu, select <L> (Local Status and Configuration), then select <L>
(Link Loss Forwarding Configuration).
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local Link Loss Forwarding Configuration >>
|
Condition
|
| Port 1
| Port 2
|
| Link Loss | Link Loss |
-----------------+-----------+-----------|
Port 1 Power Off |
| <1> [*]
|
-----------------+-----------+-----------|
Port 2 Power Off | <2> [*]
|
|
-----------------+-----------+-----------+
<R> :Reset Settings.
<S> :Confirm and Save Settings.
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
3.9 Counters
1000EAS/X-1 has internal counters that keep track of the number of frames received and
transmitted on each port. It also keeps count of OAM packets in and out of the fiber port. From
the Local Status and Configuration page, use <C> to view the counters.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local Counters Status and Configuration >>
<1>
<3>
<4>
<5>
:OAM Counters.
:RMON In/Out Counters.
:Clear All OAM Counters.
:Clear All RMON Counters.
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
Select to view OAM counters from fiber port, or the RMON counters for each port. The counters
can also be cleared here.
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3.9.1 OAM Counters
Each of the OAM counters is capable of keeping count via 32bit registers.
This is an example of OAM counters for the fiber port.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local OAM Counters Information >>
All OAMPDUs TX
[
13,029]
All OAMPDUs RX
[
684,908]
Information OAMPDUs TX
[
13,029]
Information OAMPDUs RX
[
683,970]
Event OAMPDUs TX
[
0]
Unique Event OAMPDUs RX
[
0]
Duplicate Event OAMPDUs RX
[
0]
Loopback Control OAMPDUs TX
[
0]
Loopback Control OAMPDUs RX
[
0]
Variable Request OAMPDUs TX
[
0]
Variable Request OAMPDUs RX
[
0]
Variable Response OAMPDUs TX [
0]
Variable Response OAMPDUs RX [
0]
OUI OAMPDUs TX
[
0]
OUI OAMPDUs RX
[
938]
Unsupported OAMPDUs RX
[
0]
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
3.9.2 RMON Counters
RMON (Remote network MONitoring) for 1000EAS/X-1 supports statistics of frames transmitted
and received for each port of the converter. The CPU of 1000EAS/X-1 will read the real time 64bit
registers of the switch chip every 3 seconds and update the below counter information.
From the main menu, select the local or remote unit(s), then select <C> Counters Status and
Configuration. The RMON counters are viewed by selecting <3> RMON In/Out Counters.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local RMON Counters Information >>
Fiber In
[
1,134,838,752]
Fiber Out
[
38,416,092]
UTP In
[
18,220,935]
UTP Out
[
192]
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
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3.9.3 MAC Table
1000EAS/X-1 has the ability to disable the MAC learning function of the L2 switch. By default, MAC
learning is enabled. The default MAC aging is 5 minutes. From the main menu, select the local
status, then select <M> MAC Address Table.
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
<< Local MAC Address Table Status and Configuration >>
Total MAC item = 83
Item |
MAC Address
| 1 | 2 |CPU|
States
|
0001 | 00:02:AB:10:00:10 |
| * |
|
Dynamic
|
0002 | 00:02:AB:77:77:77 |
|
| * |
Static
|
0003 | 00:04:75:C9:63:9B |
| * |
|
Dynamic
|
0004 | 00:0C:29:82:AC:2E |
| * |
|
Dynamic
|
0005 | 00:0C:29:E8:6F:AB |
| * |
|
Dynamic
|
0006 | 00:0C:6E:55:C1:57 |
| * |
|
Dynamic
|
0007 | 00:0C:6E:80:98:F1 |
| * |
|
Dynamic
|
0008 | 00:0D:48:39:85:43 |
| * |
|
Dynamic
|
<C> :Clear all Dynamic Entry.
<N><PageDown>:Show Next Page.
<P><PageUp> :Show Previous Page.
<ESC>:Go to Previous Menu.
3.10 SNMP Configuration
3.10.1 General
The Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is one of many protocols in the Internet
Protocol (IP) suite. SNMP is the protocol recommended specifically for the exchange of
management information between hosts residing on IP networks. Network management allows
you to monitor and control network devices remotely using conventional computer network
technology.
The SNMP management functions of 1000EAS/X-1 are provided by an internal SNMP agent, which
utilizes communication over IP networks. The SNMP agent is compliant with the SNMPv1 and v2c
standards. SNMP communications use the User Datagram Protocol (UDP). UDP is a connectionless
transport protocol, part of the TCP/IP suite. The SNMP application uses an asynchronous
command/response polling protocol and operates at the OSI Layer 7 (Layer 7 is the Application
Layer. Other IP applications that operate at this layer are FTP, Telnet, HTTP, SMTP, etc.). All
management traffic is initiated by the SNMP-based network management station. Only the
addressed managed entity (agent) answers the polling of the management station (except for trap
messages).
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3.10.2 SNMP Operations
The SNMP protocol includes four types of operations:
getRequest
getNextRequest
getBulkRequest
setRequest
trap
Command for retrieving specific value of an "instance"
from the managed node. The managed node responds
with a getResponse message.
Command for retrieving sequentially specific
management information from the managed node.
The managed node responds with a getResponse
message.
Command for retrieving a block of management
information from the managed node. The managed
node responds with a getResponse message.
getBulkRequest was introduced in SNMPv2c.
Command for manipulating the value of an "instance"
within the managed node. The managed node responds
with a getResponse message.
Management message carrying unsolicited
information on extraordinary events (that is, events
which occurred not in response to a management
operation) reported by the managed node.
3.10.3 The Management Information Base
The management information base (MIB) includes a collection of managed objects. Managed
objects are defined as parameters that can be managed, such as specific information on device
configuring or on performance statistics values.
The MIB includes the definitions of relevant managed objects (MIB variables) for the specific node.
Various MIB's can be defined for various management purposes, types of equipment, etc. The
management data itself is a collection of integer, string and MIB address variables that contain all
the information necessary to manage the node.
A leaf object's definition includes the range of instances (values) and the "access" rights:
Read-only
Read-write
Write-only
Not accessible
Instances of an object can be read, but cannot be set.
Instances of an object can be read or set.
Instances of an object can be set, but cannot be read.
Instances of an object cannot be read, nor set.
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3.10.4 MIB Structure
The MIB has an inverted tree-like structure (root over leaves), with each definition of a managed
instance forming one leaf, located at the end of a branch of that tree. Each "leaf" in the MIB is
reached by a unique path. By numbering the branching points, starting with the top, each leaf can
be uniquely defined by a sequence of numbers. The formal description of the managed objects
and the MIB structure is provided in a special standardized format, called Abstract Syntax Notation
1, or ASN.1 (pronounced A-S-N dot one).
Since the general collection of MIB's can also be organized in a similar structure, under the
supervision of the Internet Activities Board (IAB), any parameter included in a MIB that is
recognized by the IAB is uniquely defined.
To provide the flexibility necessary in a global structure, MIB's are classified in various classes
(branches), one of them being the experimental branch, another being the management (mgmt)
branch, and yet another the group of private (enterprise-specific) branches. Under the private
enterprise-specific branch of MIB's, each enterprise (manufacturer) can be assigned a number,
which is its enterprise number. The assigned number designates the top of an enterprise-specific
sub-tree of non-standard MIB's.
Enterprise-specific MIB's are published and distributed by their creators, who are responsible for
their contents. The MIB supported by 1000EAS/X-1 SNMP Agent follows RFC 1213 (MIB-2
standard).
3.10.5 SNMP Communities
To enable the delimitation of management domains, SNMP uses "communities". Each community
is identified by a name, which is an alphanumeric string of up to 255 characters defined by the
user. Any SNMP entity (this term includes both managed nodes and management stations) is
assigned by its user a community name. In parallel, the user defines for each SNMP entity a list of
the communities which are authorized to communicate with it, and the access rights associated
with each community (this is the SNMP community name table of the entity).
In general, SNMP agents support two types of access rights:
Read-only
the SNMP agent accepts and processes only SNMP getRequest
and getNextRequest commands from management stations
which have a read-only community name.
Read-write
the SNMP agent accepts and processes all the SNMP
commands received from a management station with a read-write
community name. SNMP agents are usually configured to send traps to
management stations having read-write communities.
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3.10.6 Configuring the SNMP Agent
The agent for 1000EAS/X-1 is embedded. From the Main Menu page, select <M> SNMP Manager.
Manager configuration is required to tell the agent, who has the authority to access the SNMP via
"Get" commands (read) or "Set" commands (write) and where to send "trap" messages
(unsolicited messages that are usually generated by alarms in 1000EAS/X-1).
<<
#1
#2
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1 Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
SNMP Manager Configuration Setup >>
Manager's IP
Community String Access
=================== ================ ==========
-------------------------------------------------
<1>~<8>:Edit Manager #1 to #8 Settings.
<D> :Delete All Settings.
<N> :Go to Trap
Configuration Menu.
<S> :Go to Syslog Configuration Menu.
The manager
configuration
hasMenu.
the ability to setup access for up to eight (8) different
<ESC> :Go
to Previous
management workstations. The community strings act like passwords in dealing with the device
via SNMP protocol. By assigning a manager's IP address, a community string, and assigning
read/write or read only authority, an administrator can be granted control access to 1000EAS/X-1.
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<<
#1
#1
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1
Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
SNMP Manager Configuration Setup >>
Manager's IP
Community String Access
=================== ================ ==========
192.168.0.49
private
read-write
192.168.0.47
public
read-only
-------------------------------------
<1>~<8>:Edit Manager #1 to #8 Settings.
<D> :Delete All Settings.
<N> :Go to Trap
Configuration Menu.
<S> :Go to Syslog Configuration Menu.
Note that in the above example, the management workstation with IP address 192.168.0.49 and
<ESC> :Go to Previous Menu.
using the community string 'private', has full read and write access. The management station at
192.168.0.47 has read only privileges when using the community string 'public'.
3.10.7 Configuring SNMP Traps
A trap is a type of PDU (Protocol Data Unit) used to report an alert or other asynchronous event
about a managed subsystem. Traps are unsolicited messages sent by the agent to the network
management software. They may be a system specifically generated message or they could be
programmed through the Alarm Management, see 3.4.2 Alarm Settings.
The only configuration done here for traps is to enter the trap destination IP address. From the
SNMP Manager menu, select <N> (Go to Trap Configuration Menu).
<<
#1
#2
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1
Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
Trap Configuration Setup >>
Trap Receiver IP Community String
================ ================
---------------------------------
<1>~<8>:Edit Trap Receiver #1 to #8 Settings.
<D> :Delete All Settings.
<ESC> :Go to Manager Configuration Menu.
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This SNMP agent supports up to eight (8) SNMP trap receivers that can be entered into this configuration menu.
<<
#1
#2
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
*********************************************
***
CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
***
***
FRM220-1000EAS/X-1
Ver:1.006
***
*********************************************
Trap Configuration Setup >>
Trap Receiver IP Community String
================ ================
192.168.0.49
private
-----------------------------
<1>~<8>:Edit Trap Receiver #1 to #8 Settings.
<D> example,
:Deletethe
All
Settings.
In the above
SNMP
network manager at 192.168.0.49 IP will be sent traps.
<ESC> :Go to Manager Configuration Menu.
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CHAPTER 4. PROVISIONING VIA WEB BASED MANAGEMENT
4.1 Introduction
In an effort to make networking devices easier to configure, many devices can now be configured
via a Web Page, which should be familiar to all Internet users.
The web page is accessed by the Default IP Address of the device from a Web Browser such as
Chrome, Firefox, Safari or Internet Explorer in the following way:
http://10.1.1.1/ (Assuming the Default IP Address is 10.1.1.1 )
Before accessing this device by web browser, the IP address must be known or it must be reset or
changed to be used on the desired network. Please refer to Chapter 1, section 1.7 for the factory
reset procedure and to Chapter 3, 3.2 Serial Console Login for console login, 3.3 Telnet Login for
Telnet login and 3.4 System Configuration for System Configuration settings.
4.2 Web Main Page
1000EAS/X-1 has one fiber and one copper port. Because it uses 802.3ah OAM on the fiber links
for remote in-band management, it is able to see the fiber connected remote device.
The areas that support click on this screen are the graphic images themselves (directly into those
units) and from the Menu item window on the left part of the screen.
1. System – The device's network settings, date & time and the alarm configurations are set here.
Panel: Displays the over view graphic panel
MAC Table: Displays the current MAC table
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2. SNMP – The allowed SNMP managers, community strings and Trap Managers are set here. There
is also a 'System Log' which can be viewed by selecting System Log under the SNMP main menu
item.
3. The actual 1000EAS/X-1 local, can be entered for configuration with this menu item.
4.3 System
The following page is an example of the 'System' screen of 1000EAS/X-1. There are four 'Tabs' for
different setting windows.
4.3.1 Setup
The 'Setup' tab contains the networking settings for IP address, subnet mask, default gateway,
hostname, TFTP server IP and image upgrade filename. After filling in, click the 'Apply Parameters'
button.
4.3.2 Alias Information
Alias Information allows the user to enter identifying names to the local and/or remote devices.
These alias names will be displayed on the front panel graphics when viewing the System Panel
page. The alias names may contain up to 10 ASCII characters.
4.3.3 Parameter Management
Parameter Management is provided and allows configuration settings to be downloaded from
1000EAS/X-1 (saved remotely on PC) or uploaded (restored) to an 1000EAS/X-1. Parameter
Management can be used to backup configuration data and allow quick recovery in case of
hardware failure. It can also be used to clone configuration data quickly on different 1000EAS/X-1
units.
The ‘Apply Parameters’ button will immediately write all changes to 1000EAS/X-1 device.
The ‘Reboot’ button will force a cold start of 1000EAS/X-1 and should be used with caution.
Caution should be exercised when doing a system reboot as all traffic through all ports
of the device will be blocked until the switch chip is initialized. In addition, the OAM
discovery and negotiation will need to redo. If enabled, STP (Spanning Tree Protocol)
discovery will need to rebuild path tables.
The ‘Refresh status’ button will update the display with any status changes.
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4.3.4 Firmware Update
Occasionally, CTC Union will release new firmware for their products. If new functions are added
through software modification or if programming errors are uncovered and resolved, those items
will be listed in the firmware release note which is included in an 'upgrade package' along with a
detailed upgrade procedure and the firmware image code.
Detailed instructions for upgrading are included in any upgrade package and may also be reviewed
in Chapter 3.4.1 Firmware Upgrade. With a TFTP server setup and accessible from 1000EAS/X-1,
just enter the server’s IP address and the flash image filename into the setup form, click the ‘Apply
Parameters’ button, then click the ‘Flash Firmware’ button to initiate a firmware upgrade of
1000EAS/X-1 by downloading the image file (in the TFTP File Name field) from the TFTP server (in
the TFTP Server IP field).
The following confirmation dialogue box will be shown. Click ‘OK’ to continue.
The upgrade will proceed by first downloading the firmware image and doing an ID code plus
checksum check. Next the flash is erased and then written.
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During the Erase and Write portion of upgrade, it is extremely important that nothing interrupt the
upgrade or the device may be left with in-operable firmware code. Firmware upgrade failure will
require factory repair to physically replace the flash chip.
Please heed the warnings on this page.
After the upgrade is completed, 1000EAS/X-1 will reset and reboot with the new firmware code.
4.3.5 Date & Time
The Date & Time tab provide manual setting or real time, from PC clock, or SNTP network time
settings with time zone adjustment from UTC time. Proper time setting is important when the
device is managed via SNMP on the network. Accurate time keeping will allow syslog messages to
be correctly time stamped.
Manual Setting: Fill in the Year, Month, Day, hour, minute, second fields and click the "Set time
with the above fields" button.
Set to PC's time: Just click the "Sync. with PC" button.
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Sync to Network Clock:
Key in the 'Time Server' IP address
Adjust the 'Timezone' offset
Enable the 'Auto Adjust' function
Click "Apply Parameters" button
Click "Sync. with NTP" button
4.3.6 Alarm Setting
The alarm settings here are used to generate SNMP traps for any of the Major and Minor
conditions via simple to select 'check boxes'. In the example below, Major alarms are sent for Fiber
link loss while Minor alarms are sent for UTP link loss or Remote power failure.
In the default settings, the "Mode" is disabled. Enable the major and minor modes and then use
the check boxes to 'assign' the fault conditions to the alarm modes. Finish off by clicking the "Apply
Parameters" button.
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4.3.7 System Log Alarm Setting
Syslog, in 1000EAS/X-1, can be used for security auditing (login) as well as generalized
informational (link down), analysis, and debugging (loop back) messages. The syslog function of
1000EAS/X-1 can be used to integrate log data into a central repository.
Messages are assigned a priority/level (Emergency, Alert, Critical, Error, Warning, Notice, Info or
Debug) by 1000EAS/X-1 and then sent to remote syslog server. Remote log server configuration is
found in 4.4.2 Trap & Syslog.
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4.3.8 Radius
Telnet/Console Login Mode: Disable or enable telnet/console login feature via local access or
Radius.
Web Login Mode: Disable or enable Web login feature via local access or Radius.
RADIUS Authentication Server Configuration
IP Address: Enter the IP address for the RADIUS server.
Port: Enter the UDP port to be used on the RADIUS server for authentication.
Secret: Enter the secret key for the RADIUS server for authentication.
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4.4 SNMP
The SNMP setting window is divided into two tabs, one for Manager Configuration and one for
Trap Configuration.
4.4.1 Manager
By setting the manager's IP and community string in this window, authority is granted to the
network manager. There are eight (8) locations for entering manager information.
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4.4.2 Trap & Syslog
Traps are unsolicited messages issued by the SNMP agent that typically indicate some alarm
condition has occurred. The Trap managers (those who receive the traps) are configured here.
System log messages are sent to a special syslog server. That server’s IP address is also configured
here. Syslog alarm settings are described in 4.3.7 System Log Alarm Setting.
SNMP manager at 192.168.0.49 receives traps with community 'secret'.
4.4.3 System Log
During the current up time of 1000EAS/X-1 converter, an internal log is maintained and can be
viewed through the web interface. This is a first-in first-out log that holds up to 255 entries. The log
will display information such as user logins from Web or from Telnet and any of the Major and
Minor alarms as programmed in the alarm setting page (refer to 4.3.6 Alarm Setting).
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The "Clear All" button can be used to clear out all the log entries.
4.5 Local Unit Configuration
4.5.1 Fiber
This window tab will show current status and provide settings for the fiber port.
Parameter
Fiber Speed: 1000EAS/X-1 supports selection of fiber speed for 100Mbps or 1000Mbps. Be sure to
use the appropriate SFP module that supports the selected data rate.
Port Active: When disabled, this port will be completely inactive.
802.3 OAM: Active, Passive or disable. Refer to Chapter 3 3.7 OAM Configuration
Auto Laser Shutdown: This laser safety function which when enabled will disable laser transmit
when a optical receive loss condition is detected.
Remote Loopback Test: This will enable the OAM based loop back. RLB status will be shown above.
Ingress Rate Limit: Enter the ingress rate limit. The allowed range is between 64k and 990M.
Egress Rate Limit: Enter the egress rate limit. The allowed range is between 64k and 990M.
Default Port CoS: The default Class of Service for this port is set here and explained in 3.6.5 Class of
Service
LLF: Setting LLF uses and/or logic and check box selection of each port. Refer to 3.8 Link Loss
Forwarding.
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Buttons
Apply Parameters: Until this button is pressed, no changes are actually performed.
H/W Reset: This will reboot the CPU and reset the switch chip. Use with caution as traffic is
blocked during a reset operation until the OS has booted and switch chip re-initialized.
All Set to Default: Very simply, the device is reset to factory default settings.
Refresh Status: Updates the display with current information.
Remote H/W Reset: Provides ability to reset device at remote site, if the device is configured to do
so.
4.5.2 UTP
This window tab will show current status and provide settings for the UTP port.
Parameters
Port Active: When disabled, this port will be completely inactive.
Negotiation: This sets up the UTP port for either auto-negotiation per 802.3u or sets manual
configuration mode.
Ingress Rate Limit: Enter the ingress rate limit. The allowed range is between 64k and 990M.
Egress Rate Limit: Enter the egress rate limit. The allowed range is between 64k and 990M.
Default Port CoS: The default Class of Service for this port is set here and explained in 3.6.5 Class of
Service
LLF: Setting LLF uses and/or logic and check box selection of each port. Refer to section 3.8.
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Buttons
Apply Parameters: Until this button is pressed, no changes are actually performed.
H/W Reset: This will reboot the CPU and reset the switch chip. Use with caution as traffic is
blocked during a reset operation until the OS has booted and switch chip re-initialized.
All Set to Default: Very simply, the device is reset to factory default settings.
Refresh Status: Updates the display with current information.
Remote H/W Reset: Provides ability to reset device at remote site, if the device is configured to do
so.
4.5.3 Device Status and Configuration
MAC Learning: 1000EAS/X-1 supports disabling MAC learning. The default is enabled.
Pause Frame: 1000EAS/X-1 supports 802.3X. The default is disabled.
The 'Advanced Functions' for this device are detailed in Chapter 3.6 Advanced Functions.
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Accept Remote H/W Reset: When enabled, this device will reset when the request is received
from the remotely connected 1000EAS/X-1.
UPnP: 1000EAS/X-1 may enable the Universal Plug ‘n Play protocol to allow IP discovery via this
protocol. The default is disabled.
Maximum OAMPDU Size: The PDU size may be set on the OAM active unit. The default and
recommended size is 1500 bytes.
QoS Priority Mode: 1000EAS/X-1 supports either weighted or strict QoS setting. The default is
weighted.
Buttons
Apply Parameters: Until this button is pressed, no changes are actually performed.
H/W Reset: This will reboot the CPU and reset the switch chip. Use with caution as traffic is
blocked during a reset operation until the OS has booted and switch chip re-initialized.
All Set to Default: Very simply, the device is reset to factory default settings.
Refresh Status: Updates the display with current information.
Remote H/W Reset: Provides ability to reset device at remote site, if the device is configured to do
so.
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4.5.4 Spanning Tree Protocol
The Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) is a link layer (OSI Layer 2) network protocol that ensures a loopfree topology for any bridged LAN. The basic function of STP is to prevent bridge loops and ensuing
broadcast radiation.
The root bridge of the spanning tree is the bridge with the lowest bridge ID. Each bridge has a
unique identifier (ID) and a configurable priority number; the Bridge ID contains both numbers. To
compare two bridge IDs, the priority is compared first. If two bridges have equal priority, then the
MAC addresses are compared. For example, if switches A (MAC=0002ab111111) and B
(MAC=0002ab212121) both have a priority of 8000, then switch A will be selected as the root
bridge (it has the lower value MAC address). If the network administrators would like switch B to
become the root bridge, they must set its priority to be less than 8000.
Spanning tree computes its path by following the path of least cost, i.e., a path from the device to
the root that has minimum cost among all paths from the device to the root. The cost of traversing
a path is the sum of the costs of the segments on the path. The port connecting to that path
becomes the root port (RP) of the bridge. Different technologies have different default costs for
network segments. For example, in the above capture the ‘Path Cost’s are shown with the value
"4" which indicates a GbE port. In this manner, a 100M port would have a default port cost of "19",
while a 10M port would have a cost of "100". An administrator can configure the cost of traversing
a particular network segment.
The switch sends BPDU (Bridge Protocol Data Units) frames using a unique MAC destination
address for STP multicast, 01:80:C2:00:00:00 and with port’s MAC itself as a source address.
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There are three types of BPDUs:
1. Configuration BPDU (CBPDU), used for Spanning Tree computation
2. Topology Change Notification (TCN) BPDU, used to announce changes in the network topology
3. Topology Change Notification Acknowledgment (TCA), used to acknowledge changes
The Bridge Priority is a customizable value that you can use to influence which switch becomes the
root bridge. The switch with the lowest priority, which means lowest BID, becomes the root bridge
(the lower the priority value, the higher the priority). The default value for the priority is 32768
(0x8000). The priority range is between 1 and 65536 (0x0001 to 0xFFFF); with 1 as the highest
priority.
Maximum Age Time, referred to by the switch as Max Age, is the amount of time a switch will
retain a BPDU's contents before discarding it. The default is 20 seconds. It also influences the
bridge table aging timer during the Topology Change Notification process.
Hello Time is the time interval (number of seconds between) at which the root bridge transmits
configuration BPDUs.
When a device is first attached to a switch port, it will not immediately start to forward data. It will
instead go through a number of states while it processes BPDUs and determines the topology of
the network. The time spent in the listening and learning states is determined by a value known as
the Forward Delay (default 15 seconds and set by the root bridge).
These timers should not be changed lightly. If you decide to change any or all of these timers, the
change must be configured on the root bridge! The root bridge will inform the non-root switches of
the change via BPDUs.
Within a bridge (switch) there will also be multiple ports (interfaces) that can be additionally
assigned priority within the bridge (switch). By default, the lowest port number will have the
highest priority. In the case of 1000EAS/X-1, that would be the first fiber port, port 1. The ports
may change assigned priority under the Port Priority pull-down for each port. The Port Priority plus
the port number are combined to give the Port ID. For example, Port Priority of 128 (0x80) plus the
port number (first fiber port 1 = 01) will give a Port ID of 8001. Port Priority can be set and the
results of the Port ID follow according to this conversion table:
Dec
Hex
0
16
32
48
64
80
96
112
128
144
160
176
192
208
224
240
00
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
A0
B0
C0
D0
E0
F0
The default port Path Cost in 1000EAS/X-1 is set at 0 (auto) and can be set in a valid range up to
200,000,000.
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4.5.5 Static 802.1Q VLAN
Please refer to Chapter 3.6.1 Static 802.1Q VLAN for a description of and operation of Static
VLAN feature in this device and to 3.6.5 Class of Service for Class of Service settings.
Some Tagging definitions:
Tagged: This means that packets that egress the assigned port will have the packets tagged with
the VID assigned to that port.
Untagged: This means that any packets that egress the assigned port will have all tag information
removed.
Non-member: When a port is not a member of a VID, packets tagged with that VID will not be
allowed to egress that port. (i.e. they will be dropped)
Unmodified: This means that packets exiting the assigned port will still have the same tag as when
they entered any other port of the switch, i.e., unmodified
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4.5.6 Counters
There are counters for OAM packets and counters for transmitted and received frames. They can
be viewed under the 'Counter' screen.
The OAM counters are available for each fiber port.
The RMON in/out counters show the received and transmitted frames for each of the interfaces on
1000EAS/X-1.
To clear the counters, click either the 'Clear OAM Counters' or 'Clear RMON Counters' button.
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4.5.7 SFP
Modern optical SFP transceivers support digital diagnostics monitoring (DDM) functions according
to the industry-standard SFF-8472. This optional feature in SFP is also known as digital optical
monitoring (DOM) and gives the end user the ability to monitor real-time parameters of the SFP,
such as optical output power, optical receive power, temperature, etc. DDM is not available in
every SFP, so if the inserted SFP does not support DD, there will be no view for it. However, every
SFP should be able to view the manufacturer name, part number, fiber type and link length. To
view the SFP particulars, click the 'SFP' tab.
4.6 Remote Configuration
By utilizing 802.3ah proprietary OAM packets, 1000EAS/X-1 is able to view the status and manage
the remote device without using Internet Protocol. All settings are done using the same methods
as the local device.
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