SPEEDFLASH KFL101
SPEEDFLASH KFL101
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Kenro Speedflash Instruction Manual
Thank you for purchasing this speedflash
Before using the speedflash, please read this manual carefully for a
full understanding of how to use it safely and correctly.
Safety information
1. Never trigger the speedflash around flammable gases or liquid
gases (e.g. gasoline or solvents) to avoid the risk of explosion.
2. Do not aim the speedflash at drivers of cars, buses or trains, or
riders of motorcycles, bicycles or scooters. This could cause a
temporary blindness resulting in a traffic collision.
3. Never trigger the speedflash close to your eyes. Aiming the
light directly at the eyes of people or animals could damage the
retinas and cause serious vision problems, including blindness.
4. Only use the batteries listed in this manual.
5. Never expose the batteries to high temperatures, such as fire or
direct sunlight.
6. Remove dead batteries from the speedflash as soon as possible
to avoid the risk of internal corrosion caused by leaked battery
fluid.
7. Keep the speedflash and battery charger dry – do not expose to
moisture such as damp or rain.
8. Keep the speedflash protected in extreme high temperature or
humid environments.
9. Do not trigger the speedflash in confined spaces such as car
glove compartments. Placing an opaque surface in front of or
above the reflective screen, or allowing dirt to remain on it, could
cause a reflection to be burned onto the screen.
10.Do not open the speedflash unit yourself – there is a danger of
high-voltage shocks. Seek professional help to repair parts.
11.If the flash is fired consecutively on full power more than 10
times, you must cease use for 15 minutes to allow cooling to
prevent damage to the circuitry.
12.If using on full power continuously, the zoom gear should be less
than 35mm to prevent heat damage to the flash diffuser.
3
13.After a change of environment temperature (e.g. bringing the
unit into a warm house from storage in a cool garage), give
the speedflash time to adapt in order to avoid the build up of
condensation inside the unit.
14.Never use defective or drained batteries in this speedflash.
Speedflash features
1. Wireless MASTER function: Canon wireless flash, Nikon command
flash.
2. Wireless SLAVE function: Compatible with both the Canon and
Nikon Wireless flash systems, wireless E-TTL and i-TTL off-camera
flash, manual and multi flash system.
3. Power supply: 4 x AA battery (see batteries and power supply),
or external DC power pack (optional extra).
4. Dual compatibility: Universal hotshoe contact means the flash can
be used with both Canon and Nikon cameras.
5. High Speed Sync: Max 1/8000s
6. TTL flash
7. Manual flash
8. Multi flash
9. Slave functions: S1 & S2
10.Flash exposure bracketing (FEB), exposure compensation, flash
exposure lock (FEL/FV)
11.Camera custom function menu access (newest Canon cameras
only)
12.Rear curtain sync
13.Audible alerts
14.Custom function settings
15.Power save mode
16.Overheating protection
17. Manual and auto zoom
18.Automatic setting save function
19.Large LCD display
20.Quick recycle time (full output recycle time is only 2.3 seconds)
4
Auto-focus auxiliary AF assist lamp
When shooting in dark conditions, the auto-focus may temporarily
project a hard red light to assist focusing. This may interfere with
your subject. To disable this, switch to manual focus (M), or to the
custom function (Fn-08) to disable the AF lamp.
For more detail about zoom settings, please refer to page 20.
Adjust the angle of the flash
The flash head can be tilted up by 90 degrees, pushed down by 7
degrees, or turned around 180 degrees. Directing the flash towards
the ceiling or the wall can make lighting look more natural and soften
shadows.
5
Before you start
For the best user experience each time you programme this
speedflash with new settings, we strongly recommend that you clear
all previous settings by pressing both ‘clear’ buttons simultaneously.
This will restore the speedflash to the factory settings.
A guide to the buttons
For simplicity’s sake, the terms in this manual refer to the buttons
by the names printed on the flashgun. Clockwise from top left-hand
corner, these are:
Button
/ Fn
Function(s)
Backlight / function button
CLEAR
Left clear button and right clear button
ZOOM
Focal length settings
Wireless settings (ratio, channel, groups)
ON/OFF
Switches the unit on and off (press and hold)
Directional keypad
Up
Down
Left
Right
Centre / confirm button – referred to in this
manual as the ‘set’ button
Flash indicator
Indicates charge status
Test-fires the flash
MODE
Select flash mode
6
Get to know your speedflash
Flash head tilt
angle scale
LCD screen
Left clear button
Right clear button
Sync sockets
Backlight
and function button
(Press and
hold both
clear buttons
together to
reset settings
to default)
Mode button
Zoom button
DC power input
ON / OFF switch
Directional keypad:
Up
Down
Left
Right
Centre (‘set’ button)
Flash indicator
7
Built-in reflection card
Built-in wide angle diffuser
Flash head
Serial number
Battery cover
Flash sensor
Lock dial
Installation foot
Hot
shoe
contact
8
LCD screen
M: Manual mode
Multi: Multi flash / stroboscopic mode
Flash exposure
Wireless optical slave mode
Flash power output
High
speed
sync
TTL: TTL mode
E-TTL: Canon TTL mode
i-TTL: Nikon TTL mode
Rear curtain sync
(Second curtain sync)
Audible alerts
Custom
function
Overheat
indicator
Aperture
& flash
frequency
value
EV
power
compensation
& multi flash
frequency
settings
Power
indicator
Manual
zoom
Automatic
zoom
Zoom focal length
Active
group(s)
MASTER: Master mode
SLAVE: Slave mode
Ratio setting:
Current channel
Flash mode:
MASTER flash ON
MASTER flash OFF
SLAVE flash
9
[RATIO]
[RATIO A:B]
[RATIO A:B C]
Batteries and power supply
Batteries
4 AA batteries are required to power the speedflash. The following
types may be used:
A. Alkaline Manganese (1.5V)
This battery provides a medium power output with no need for
maintenance, but it cannot be recharged.
B. Nickel Cadmium (1.2V)
This battery recycles quickly and can be recharged, making it
both economical and practical.
C. Ni-MH (1.2V)
This battery’s power exceeds that of the nickel cadmium battery.
D. Lithium (1.5V)
This is a large-capacity battery. It has a low leakage rate and has
no need of maintenance.
E. Hydrogen Oxygen Cell
This battery is also known as Oxyride. It has a larger capacity
than alkaline batteries, and approximately 1.5 times the service
life, which makes it very suitable for use in high-power electronic
products.
Installing batteries
1. Open the battery cover
Slide the battery hatch open according to the direction of the
arrow.
2. Install batteries
Insert the batteries into the compartment according to the arrow
markings, making sure that the battery anode contact is correct.
3. Close the battery cover
Slide the battery hatch closed in the opposite direction.
Important note: Do not ever mix new and part-worn batteries, or
batteries of different types.
10
Install speedflash on camera
Make sure the speedflash and camera power are both off.
1. Prepare
Spin the lock dial fully to the left.
2. Install
Insert the speedflash’s foot completely into the camera’s hotshoe.
3. Lock
Spin the lock dial back to the right to lock the speedflash into
place. Do not overtighten.
4. Remove
Spin the lock dial to the left, and slowly remove the flash from
the hotshoe. Never pull the speedflash out forcibly.
Turn on the power
Press and hold the ON/OFF button for two seconds to turn the
speedflash on or off.
In order to save battery power and avoid leakage, the default
settings are as follows:
Automatic power saving mode
If the speedflash is inactive for 60 seconds, the unit will automatically
go into sleep mode. If this occurs, press any button to wake it up. If
the speedflash is not going to be used for a long period of time, it is
recommended to turn it off using the main power switch and remove
the batteries. Always turn off the power before removing batteries.
When the flash is fully charged and ready to be triggered, the flash
indicator button will light up:
Before shooting, ensure that the flash charging and camera
viewfinder indicator lights are illuminated.
11
Alternative power supplies
External power pack supply and PC sync sockets.
1. DC power input interface
The speedflash can be made more flexible
by using an external 6-8V / 10A DC power
supply to help conserve the power of the
batteries.
2. PC sync interface
Also called flash sync interface, PC sync
interface is used to connect a camera and
a flash, or a flash and a trigger, so that
the shutter release can trigger the flash
simultaneously.
Common flash modes
Automatic TTL flash mode
Set the camera’s shooting mode to <P> (Program Auto Exposure) or
Green frame
(Auto) and the flash to TTL for fully automatic flash
operation
Select the flash mode
Press the MODE select button repeatedly until the LCD display shows
‘TTL’ (below, left).
Set the flash exposure compensation value
The exposure compensation can be set whilst in standby mode. Set the
exposure compensation value using the directional keypad. Pressing
the right button will increase the value of exposure compensation,
whereas pressing the left button will decrease it (below, right).
12
The compensation range can be set from -3.0EV to +3.0EV in the
following increments:
-3.0EV > -2.7EV > -2.3EV > -2.0EV > -1.7EV > -1.3EV > -1.0EV >
-0.7EV > -0.3EV > 0EV > +0.3EV > +0.7EV > +1.0EV > +1.3EV >
+1.7EV > +2.0EV > +2.3EV > +2.7EV > +3.0EV
FEB setting value
In FEB (Flash Exposure Bracketing) mode, you can control the
exposure in 0.3 stop increments to +/-3EV. You can then take 3
pictures with a different exposure setting for each (if flash exposure
compensation is set with both the speedflash and camera, the
speedflash’s flash exposure compensation setting will override the
camera’s). The 3 pictures can be adjusted up to 3 stops either side
of the original EV setting in 0.3 stop increments. After the third
photograph, the setting is automatically reset to the starting EV
value.
When using FEB, set the camera to ‘single shot’ mode and ensure the
flash pilot light is on and the flash is ready before taking a picture.
When mounted on a Canon camera, exposure values are set on the
flash; when mounted on a Nikon camera the exposure information is
not shown on the flash and must be set on the camera body. Refer to
your camera owner’s manual for further details.
FEB setting surrounded by exposure value (Canon
cameras only)
To use the exposure bracketing function,
first ensure that the flashgun is mounted
on the camera and is in E-TTL mode.
Press the up and down buttons to set
the exposure bracketing value, then
press left and right to increase or
decrease the EV compensation
start point.
For example, with the exposure
bracketing value set to +2.0, and the EV
compensation start point set to -1.0 stop,
the camera will take three photographs
at -3.0, -1.0 and +2.0 respectively,
giving you the two stops either side of
the start value, as requested.
13
Flash TTL mode (Canon and Nikon)
Flash TTL works through the hotshoe connection on Canon and Nikon
cameras. Set the screen display to E-TTL for Canon, and i-TTL for
Nikon.
The Nikon system does not support on flash FEB settings, and does
not display the FEB information on the flash LCD. On Nikon, to see
the exposure settings in ‘BKT’, refer to the camera settings.
Flash exposure lock (FEL/FV)
Using flash exposure lock, you can lock
the correct flash exposure settings for
various parts of a scene.
When flash TTL mode is displayed on
the LCD screen, please connect the
flash with the camera.
•
•
Canon: Press the ‘FEL’ or ‘*’ (AEL –
auto exposure lock) button
Nikon: Press the ‘FV’ button
The speedflash will then give off a
‘preflash’ for the camera to calculate the
appropriate flash output data. Please
refer to your camera owner’s manual
for further details.
At this point, you may adjust your
composition if required.
When you are satisfied, press the
shutter button on your camera to
commence shooting.
14
Other automatic flash shooting modes
As long as the camera’s shooting mode is set to AV/A (aperture
priority), TV/S (shutter priority), or M (manual), you can also use
E-TTL and i-TTL flash automatically.
• TV/S
Select this mode to manually set the shutter speed. The value is
automatically set to match the camera shutter speed for standard
exposure. If the aperture light is flashing on the display, it means
that the background is under or overexposed. Adjust the shutter
speed until the aperture light stops flashing.
• AV/A
Select this mode to manually set the aperture value. The
speedflash will automatically match the camera’s aperture
shutter speed to achieve standard exposure. If the background
is dark (for example, at night), it will use the slow sync in
order to highlight the subject and keep the background at
standard exposure. If using the flash as a MASTER use standard
exposure settings for your subject, and if using slow shutter
speeds, use standard exposure settings for the background. It
is recommended to use a tripod when shooting dimly lit scenes,
because a slower shutter speed will be used. If the shutter speed
light is flashing on the display, it means that the background is
under or overexposed. Adjust the aperture shutter speed until
the light stops flashing.
• M
Select this mode to manually set both shutter and aperture
speed. In order to get the correct exposure for your subject,
use the combination of shutter speed and aperture to obtain the
correct background exposure.
Using <DEP> or <A-DEP> shooting mode, the results are the same
as when using <P> (AE) mode.
15
Flash sync speeds and apertures value
Shutter speed setting
Aperture setting
P
Set automatically (1/60 sec ~ 1/X sec)
Automatic
TV
Set manually (30 sec ~ 1/X sec)
Automatic
AV
Set automatically (30 sec ~ 1/X sec)
Manual
M
Set manually (bulb, 30 sec ~ 1/Xsec)
Manual
* 1/X sec is the camera’s maximum flash sync speed
Manual flash mode (M)
Using this mode, you can manually set the flash power output
according to your own needs from 1/128 power to full power in 0.3
increments. To adjust the incremental setting of the flash output:
• Select the flash mode
Press the MODE button until the
LCD display shows M
• Power setting
Using the directional keypad, press
right to increase the power setting
and left to decrease the power
setting. Use the up and down
buttons to increase or decrease the
power in 0.3 stop increments.
Stroboscopic flash mode (multi)
Multi mode is commonly used when shooting a moving object. The
speedflash will emit a series of quick flashes, which enables the
photographer to capture a series of actions very quickly. Set the flash
output power, length of flash and flash frequency as required. When
using this mode, use new or fully charged batteries for best results.
To prevent the speedflash overheating, do not use this function
more than 10 times consecutively – if the unit overheats, it will
automatically lock. If this occurs, allow the unit to cool for at least 15
minutes before recommencing shooting.
16
• Select flash mode
Select the flash mode by pressing
the MODE button until the LCD
display shows MULTI
• Frequency setting
Press the ‘set’ button, and the Hz
setting on the right of the screen
will start to flash. Frequencies
of 1 Hz to 199 Hz are available;
pressing the right button on the directional keypad increases
the frequency, whereas pressing the left button decreases the
frequency. Press the ‘set’ button again to save – the number of
flashes on the left of the screen will now be flashing.
• Set number of flashes
To set the number of flashes, press the right button on the
directional keypad to increase the number of flashes, and press
the left button to decrease the number of flashes. The number of
flashes can be set from 1 to 40, when you have set the desired
number, press ‘set’ to save, the exposure power setting will now
be flashing.
• Exposure power setting
Press the right button on the directional keypad to increase
the power, and press the left button to decrease the power of
the flash.
Once the above settings have been set they are saved, even when
the flash is powered off.
Relational table of flash power and number of flashes
Flash power
1/128
1/64
1/32
1/16
1/8
1/4
Number of flashes
1-40
1-20
1-12
1-8
1-4
1-2
NOTE: In stroboscopic mode, use the following formula to determine the
shutter speed: Number of flashes ÷ Flash frequency (Hz) = shutter speed
Example: To get 20 flashes at 10Hz: 20÷10=2
Therefore the shutter speed to be set on the camera is 2 seconds or longer.
17
High speed and rear curtain sync settings
High speed synchronisation
Synchronous operation of the flash can be set for cameras with
higher shutter speeds, up to 1/8000s.
Rear curtain sync
Using a slow shutter speed, you can create light trails or moving
marks after your subject. A flash normally synchronises to the camera
shutter when it opens. For slow shutter photography, the flash fires
just before the shutter closes (second curtain sync).
Canon: Ensure the speedflash is on the camera and set in high speed
sync / rear curtain sync mode and in TTL or M mode. In ordinary
flash (first curtain sync) no icon is shown in the display. Press the
‘right clear’ button to scroll through high speed synchronisation
and then rear curtain sync (second curtain sync)
and
select required function.
Nikon: On Nikon cameras, high speed synchronisation cannot be set
directly from the speedflash. In the camera menu, select ‘auto FP’,
connect the camera, and flash screen will display
immediately.
If you need the rear curtain synchronous mode, open the rear
curtain sync function on the camera settings (no icon shown on flash
display).
18
Off-camera high speed synchronisation
In wireless SLAVE mode, the speedflash can receive high speed
synchronous signal from the MASTER flash.
Note: For correct use of high speed / rear curtain sync, please
properly set camera flash mode and shutter speed.
High speed synchronisation off the camera can be achieved in two
ways:
1. Wireless TTL trigger (the trigger must support high speed
synchronisation)
2. Set the speedflash to SLAVE mode
Canon: To use high speed sync in SLAVE c mode, with the
speedflash receiving Canon wireless instructions, first set the camera
in manual mode, using the built-in flash as the MASTER flash, and
the maximum sync speed set to no more than 1/200 or 1/250.
Nikon: To use high speed sync in SLAVE n mode, with the
speedflash receiving instructions from the Nikon’s built-in flash (an
external flash with MASTER control function can also be used), select
the Auto FP function from the camera menu.
Camera menu access (newest Canon cameras only)
A relatively new feature of Canon cameras is that external flashguns
can now be accessed and controlled from the camera menu. In
the flash control menu of the camera, go to ‘External flash function
settings’ and then ‘External flash custom function settings’ to set the
flash-related parameters, such as switching between E-TTL mode,
manual flash mode and multi flash mode; you can also access the
wireless flash settings, adjust the exposure, exposure compensation,
focal length, and other advanced options.
19
Zoom settings
Press the ‘zoom’ button until the XXmm symbol flashes (where
XX is the zoom value), then use the directional keypad to set the
appropriate values. Pressing right increases the zoom value; pressing
left decreases the zoom value. Press the ‘zoom’ button again to exit
setup.
A
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
Automatic
18
24
28
35
50
70
85
105
135
180
About automatic (A) and manual (M) zoom settings
Automatic zoom: Adjust the flash
range by pressing left or right as above.
When the A is displayed, the speedflash
will automatically adjust flash coverage
(zoom set to 35mm in auto). In
cameras that support E-TTL and i-TTL,
the lens zoom will increase or decrease
to adapt to different flash coverage.
Manual zoom: Adjust the flash range by pressing left or right as
above. When the M is displayed, you can manually adjust the flash
coverage according to the table above.
When under manual zoom, make sure that flash coverage extends to
cover the lens zoom, so that shadows do not appear at the edge of
the photograph.
20
Wireless flash modes
The wireless flash system comprises multiple wireless flash modes.
You can create a wide variety of lighting effects by using ordinary TTL
flash.
The speedflash can be used in both MASTER and SLAVE flash modes.
MASTER flash mode can be divided into:
•
•
Canon: Wireless MASTER flash mode (E-TTL)
Nikon: Command MASTER flash mode (i-TTL)
SLAVE flash mode can be divided into:
•
•
Canon: Wireless SLAVE flash mode (E-TTL)
Nikon: Command SLAVE flash mode (i-TTL)
Please refer to page 28 for more details.
MASTER flash mode
Press the ‘left clear’ button to switch between wireless MASTER
(Canon – E-TTL) and command MASTER (Nikon – i-TTL) modes. The
MASTER will be the main control unit and will trigger the SLAVE flash
to fire the off-camera TTL / M / multi flash, allowing you to create
different lighting effects.
Note: There are a number of differences between Canon MASTER
interface and Nikon main control interface. On a Canon camera, the
flashgun can be controlled independently of the camera, whereas
Nikon is controlled from the camera.
When using a Canon camera, the SLAVE unit will fire at the same
power as the MASTER in TTL. When using a Nikon camera, the
power settings of each SLAVE group can be set independently
of the MASTER.
21
Wireless MASTER flash mode (MASTER Canon)
Wireless MASTER flash mode (Canon) can be divided into:
•
•
•
Automatic wireless control mode (E-TTL Auto MASTER Canon)
Manual wireless control mode (Manual MASTER Canon)
Stroboscopic wireless control mode (Multi stroboscopic MASTER
Canon)
Press the ‘left clear’ button until the LCD shows the Canon MASTER
mode.
Set the MASTER control unit wireless channel
Press the ‘zoom’ button twice so that
the channel number flashes, then use
the left and right buttons to select
channel (between 1-4).
Note: The SLAVE flash mode should be
the same as the MASTER unit.
MASTER mode supports high speed
sync, does not support rear curtain sync.
Switch off MASTER mode
If you only need the SLAVE function, you can switch off the MASTER
function on your speedflash. Press the ‘zoom’ button
until
begins to flash, then use the left button to switch off the MASTER
function so that the LCD
display shows
To switch MASTER mode back on, follow the steps above, but press
the right button until the LCD display shows
again.
22
Full auto wireless MASTER mode (E-TTL,
MASTER Canon)
Press the ‘mode’ button to set the speedflash in TTL mode, then
press the ‘left clear’ button to set Canon MASTER E-TTL mode.
1. Press the ‘zoom’ button until you
see the [RATIO] symbol flashing.
2. Use the left and right buttons to
set the flash light ratio as [RATIO],
[RATIO A:B] or [RATIO A:B C].
[RATIO] will ensure all units in all
SLAVE groups flash at the same
power as the MASTER unit.
[RATIO A:B] means that the power of the SLAVE and the
MASTER can be adjusted as per the below ratio table.
[RATIO A:B C] means that all three groups will be triggered, with
A/B being able to be adjusted as per the below ratio table, and C
as power compensation.
3. Once you have set the ratio to either [RATIO A:B] or [RATIO A:B
C] and the symbol is no longer flashing, press the ‘set’ button
so that the ratio symbol and the code number begin flashing
simultaneously, then use the left and right buttons on the
directional pad to set the flash ratio according to requirements,
using the corresponding code from the table below.
Flash light ratio code and flash light ratio table
Code
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
Ratio
8:1
5.6:1
4:1
2.8:1
2:1
1.4:1
1:1
1:1.4
1:2
1:2.8
1:4
1:5.6
1:8
* Setting the ratio at 8:1 will give you the lightest photograph, whereas 1:8 will
give you the darkest.
4. To set group C exposure compensation on [RATIO A:B C], press
the ‘set’ button until the group C and the EV symbols flash
simultaneously. The EV can then be set to 3.0 or -3.0 in 0.3 stop
increments.
Note: If the ratio is set to A/B only and slave units in remote group C are still
directed at the subject, the subject may be overexposed.
23
Manual wireless MASTER mode (M, manual,
MASTER, Canon)
Press the ‘mode’ button to set the speedflash in M (manual) mode,
then press the ‘left clear’ button to set the unit in MASTER mode.
In this mode, you can set each slave unit with a different flash light
ratio, using the MASTER unit to confirm all settings (SLAVE unit
model and MASTER unit model must be the same).
1. Press the ‘zoom’ button until the
[RATIO] symbol flashes on the
screen.
2. Use the left and right buttons to
select your flash ratio: [RATIO],
[RATIO A:B] or [RATIO A:B C]
[RATIO] means that all SLAVE
units will be triggered at the same
power as the MASTER unit. When
the [RATIO] symbol stops flashing, you can use the left and right
buttons on the directional pad to select the power output.
[RATIO A:B] means that the power output for groups A and B
can be adjusted independently. When the [RATIO A:B] symbol
stops flashing, press the ‘set’ button until the symbol A flashes,
then use the left and right buttons to set the power output. Then
press the ‘set’ button again until the symbol B flashes, and use
the left and right buttons to set the power output.
[RATIO A:B C] can be used as [RATIO A:B] above, but all three
groups can have the power output adjusted independently. Set
power outputs as above.
24
Multi wireless MASTER mode (Multi,
MASTER, Canon)
Press the ‘mode’ button to set your speedflash in Multi (stroboscopic)
mode, then press the ‘left clear’ button to enter MASTER mode. In
Multi mode, you can fire off a number of flashes in a very short space
of time, which is ideal for capturing moving objects such as sports
or wildlife. You can also set each SLAVE unit with a different flash
light ratio, using the MASTER unit to confirm all settings (SLAVE unit
model and MASTER unit model must be the same).
1. Press the ‘zoom’ button until
[RATIO] flashes on the screen
2. Use the left and right buttons to
select your flash ratio: [RATIO],
[RATIO A:B] or [RATIO A:B C]
[RATIO] means that all SLAVE
units will be triggered at the same
power as the MASTER unit. Once
the [RATIO] symbol stops flashing,
use the left and right buttons on the directional pad to select the
power output.
[RATIO A:B] means that the power output for groups A and B
can be adjusted independently.
[RATIO A:B C] can be used as [RATIO A:B] above, but all three
groups can have the power output adjusted independently.
3. Once you have selected your ratio, press the ‘set’ button until the
frequency flashes, then use the left and right buttons to choose
the frequency.
Press the ‘set’ button again until the number of flashes indicator
begins to flash, then use the left and right buttons to choose the
number of flashes (please refer to the table on page 17)
When you are happy with the number of flashes, press the ‘set’
button again. If you have selected [RATIO A:B] or [RATIO A:B
C], the symbol for group A will now begin to flash, and you can
use the left and right buttons to select the power output for that
group, and press ‘set’ to confirm your settings. Repeat for all
other groups.
25
MASTER mode (Nikon)
The flashgun can be used with a Nikon camera:
•
•
•
•
As a MASTER flash
In full auto wireless mode
In manual wireless MASTER mode
In multi wireless MASTER mode
MASTER unit wireless channel settings
To select the wireless channel number
for your MASTER unit, first press the
‘left clear’ button until the LCD display
shows the MASTER controls for i-TTL,
then press the ‘zoom’ button twice until
the wireless channel number flashes.
Use the left and right buttons to select
a channel number from 1-4.
MASTER unit flash switch settings
If you only need the SLAVE function, you can switch off the MASTER
function on your speedflash. Press the ‘zoom’ button
until
begins to flash, then use the left button to switch off the MASTER
function so that the LCD
display shows
To switch MASTER mode back on, follow the steps above, but press
the right button until the LCD display shows
again.
Note: Using this unit as a Nikon MASTER flash, you have the option
to use a range of SLAVE units in various groups and power settings.
SLAVE unit power settings can be the same as or independent from
the MASTER.
26
MASTER mode (i-TTL, Nikon)
1. Press the ‘left clear’ button to enter
i-TTL MASTER mode
2. Press the ‘zoom’ button until group
A flashes, then press the right
button to change group A between
‘wireless OFF’, i-TTL and manual
modes. When the symbol A stops
flashing, press the ‘set’ button
until it begins flashing again, then
change the mode settings for that
group. When you are happy with
your selection, press the ‘zoom’
button again until group B flashes
and you can specify settings for
that group as above, and repeat
for group C. For SLAVE groups in
manual mode, use the left and right
directional buttons to adjust the power of the units in that group.
For SLAVE groups in i-TTL mode, the power will be determined by
the camera.
When you have completed your power settings, the group symbols that
display on the LCD screen are on. Any that are not displaying are off.
Multi command MASTER mode (Nikon)
1. Press the ‘mode’ button to enter
Multi mode
2. Press the ‘left clear’ button twice to
enter MASTER mode
3. Press the ‘zoom’ button until the
group A symbol is flashing, then
press the left and right directional
buttons to switch group A mode
between ‘wireless off’ and Multi mode.
4. Once mode has been selected, either press ‘set’ button to confirm
settings, or ‘zoom’ button to move onto the next group. Repeat
steps 3 and 4 for all other groups.
If the group letter is shown on the LCD display, that group is on and
active. If a group letter is not displayed, that group is off.
27
SLAVE flash mode
SLAVE flash mode can be used in two ways:
•
•
Wireless instruction mode (SLAVE c / SLAVE n)
Wireless optical flash mode (S1 / S2)
Disconnect the speedflash from the camera.
Press the ‘left clear’ button to select a SLAVE mode (choose from:
SLAVE c, SLAVE n, S1 and S2).
Note: If the speedflash is mounted on the camera hotshoe whilst
already in SLAVE mode, the mode must be manually exited by
pressing the ‘left clear’ button.
In SLAVE mode, the AF assist lamp can be turned off using custom
function FN-08 (for instructions on using custom functions, see page
33). If you need to use the AF assist lamp when exiting SLAVE mode,
you must re-enter the custom settings menu to turn the AF assist
lamp on.
In this mode, the flashgun will not enter a standby state after 60
seconds.
Wireless instruction mode (SLAVE c / SLAVE n)
SLAVE c mode will work wirelessly using the signal from the builtin flash of a Canon 7D and 60D, with Canon 580EX II and 600EX
flashguns, as well as the ST-E2 wireless transmitter.
SLAVE n mode will work wirelessly using the signal from all Nikon
built-in flashes, and Nikon SB-900/800/700 flashguns, as well as the
Nikon SU-800 wireless transmitter.
28
SLAVE c/n supports 4 channels and 3 different groups in TTL, manual
and multi wireless modes. The SLAVE unit and the MASTER unit must
be on the same channel and group in order to work.
When in SLAVE mode, press the ‘zoom’ button twice so that the
channel number flashes, then use the left and right buttons to select
a channel (between 1-4). Once selected, press the ‘zoom’ button
again and the group letter will flash – press left and right to select a
group. Press the ‘set’ button or wait until the icon stops flashing to
confirm settings.
When in SLAVE mode, the flashgun is completely controlled by the
MASTER flash and will operate as per the information on the MASTER
flash display.
29
Wireless optical flash mode (S1, S2)
Press ‘left clear’ until S1 or S2 mode
shows on the LCD display. These two
modes can be used to create a variety
of lighting effects, and are suitable for
use in manual and TTL modes.
In both of these modes, the power
setting on the SLAVE unit is the same
as on the MASTER unit.
S1 mode
In this mode, the flash synchronises
with the traditional single flash system.
S2 mode
In this mode, the flash synchronises
with a pre-flash system (e.g. red eye
reduction).
To avoid issues, make sure of the following:
•
•
•
•
Ensure red eye reduction or other pre-flash systems are switched
off when using S1 mode.
Ensure that any modelling lamps on the MASTER flash are off.
Avoid using the wireless functions of Nikon and Canon cameras,
as they have no effect on the firing of the SLAVE flash in S1 or
S2, because these SLAVE modes are purely optical, in that the
speedflash needs to detect light in order to trigger – it is not
being operated wirelessly.
Avoid using wireless transmitters as the MASTER unit.
Note: If your Canon camera does not have a built-in flash (such
as the Canon 5D, 5D II or 5D III), you will be unable to use this
speedflash as a separate SLAVE unit. In order to use this feature, you
will need to purchase a Canon original flash, or the ST-E2 wireless
transmitter.
If you are using the speedflash as a SLAVE in S1 or S2 mode in
bright conditions and it does not fire, try turning it around so that
the sensor faces the MASTER flash, then rotate the speedflash’s flash
head back to the desired direction.
30
Multi lighting applications
Wireless optical instruction
By using 2 or 3 flash units in SLAVE mode you can fulfil a number of
multi-lighting needs.
•
•
Using 2 SLAVE units in separate wireless flash groups.
Set mode in SLAVE c or SLAVE n accordingly by pressing the ‘left
clear’ button.
Set channel to 1, 2, 3 or 4 (all units must be on the same
channel) by pressing the ‘zoom’ button until the channel number
symbol flashes and using the left and right buttons to select a
number.
Set each SLAVE unit in its own group (e.g. first flashgun in group
A, second flashgun in group B) by pressing the ‘zoom’ button
until the group letter symbol flashes, then using the left and right
buttons to select a group.
Set the power output of each group to achieve the desired effect
Set the MASTER unit to [RATIO A:B] or [RATIO A:B C] (see page
23 for more information)
Using 3 SLAVE units in separate wireless flash groups.
Set mode in SLAVE c or SLAVE n accordingly by pressing the ‘left
clear’ button.
Set channel to 1, 2, 3 or 4 (all units must be on the same
channel) by pressing the ‘zoom’ button until the channel number
symbol flashes and using the left and right buttons to select a
number.
Set each SLAVE unit in its own group (e.g. first flashgun in group
A, second flashgun in group B, third flashgun in group C) by
pressing the ‘zoom’ button until the group letter symbol flashes,
then using the left and right buttons to select a group.
Set the power output of each group to achieve the desired effect
Set the MASTER unit to [RATIO A:B C] (see page 23 for more
information)
Before commencing shooting, press the test button on the MASTER
flash. If the SLAVE unit does not fire, please check the flash position
and distance and adjust accordingly.
Note: If you are using [RATIO A:B], SLAVE group C will not fire. If all
three SLAVE units are set to group A, they will all take the settings of
the MASTER flash.
31
Wireless optical flash
When using a built-in flash or an external flash connected to the
camera’s hotshoe as the MASTER with an additional SLAVE flash in
an indoor environment, light reflecting off of walls and ceilings may
cause overexposure. Please adjust the angle of the flash heads as
needed.
S1 and S2 modes can be used outdoors up to a distance of 15m,
dependent on conditions.
Note: Please ensure there are no barriers between the MASTER and
SLAVE lights when using optical SLAVE modes. Also ensure that the
SLAVE unit is not in direct sunlight or other brightly lit environments
as this will impact on the flashgun’s ability to detect the MASTER
flash firing and trigger accordingly. If the speedflash is in direct
sunlight, try turning the unit so that the sensor faces away from the
sun, and rotating the flash head to face the desired direction.
Audible alerts
Long press the backlight / function button to bring up the custom
functions menu. Press the up and down buttons to navigate to
Fn-14, then use the left and right buttons to toggle between 0 to
turn audible alerts on, and 1 to turn them off.
Alerts are as follows:
1. A long beep: When the sound stops, the flashgun is fully
recharged and ready to fire again
2. Two short beeps: Unit has powered on and is ready to fire
3. Three short beeps: Unit has powered off
4. Two long beeps: Flash recycle not complete
5. Five short beeps: Battery power level warning
6. Continuous beep: Unit overheating and locked. Switch off and
leave for 15 minutes to allow to cool
Backlight display
ON/OFF: Press the backlight / function button to toggle backlight on
and off.
After the unit has been inactive for 15 seconds, the backlight will
automatically switch off.
32
Custom functions menu
To access the custom functions menu,
long press the backlight / function
button until the display shows as
pictured (right). Press the up and down
buttons to navigate between functions,
then use the left and right buttons
to toggle between 0 and 1 to turn
functions on and off, as per table below.
Code
Fn-01
Fn-03
Fn-04
Fn-08
Function
Auto sleep
Auto cancel flash exposure
Flash exposure order
Auto focus assistant flash
Fn-14
Audible alerts
Fn-15
Version
Setting no.
Description
0
ON
1
OFF
0
ON
1
OFF
0
0-+
1
-0+
0
ON
1
OFF
0
ON
1
OFF
F
Date
Note: Custom functions 00-13 of the speedlight can be controlled from your
Canon camera’s custom setting menu, with functions 00, 02, 05, 06, 07, 09, 10,
11, 12, and 13 only available inside the Canon camera custom settings menu.
Custom function 15: Setting the date
Year
Month
Date
33
Automatic save function
After 5 seconds of inactivity, the
flashgun will automatically save your
current settings for convenience.
To clear user settings and restore
factory default settings, hold down both
‘clear’ buttons simultaneously.
Flash lock
When the flash power is low, or another
reason is preventing the flash charge
from completing within 20 seconds,
the flash will enter a locked state. The
screen will display as per the diagram
(right), and a short buzzer will sound
(if audible alerts are switched on) to
remind the user to replace the battery
to resume normal use. If after replacing
the drained batteries with fully charged batteries, the flash still
cannot complete recharge within 20 seconds, please contact the
after sales service.
34
Bounce flash
By directing the flash head towards a wall or ceiling, the flash can
be ‘bounced’ or reflected back onto the subject in order to reduce
shadow and obtain a more natural effect.
Adjust the flash head tilt, rotation angle and select
the reflection plane
Using the ceiling as the reflection
surface by tilting the flash head up to
point directly upwards is usually the
simplest and most effective way to
achieve good results. If holding the
camera on its side, you can rotate the
flash head by 90 degrees to obtain the
same effect.
The most effective distance between the flash head and reflection
plane is 1-2m, depending on the shooting environment. When
shooting colour photographs, choose a white or reflective surface to
avoid the colours appearing unnatural.
Using the built-in reflection card
When using a bounced flash technique, using the flash’s
built-in reflection card can make the subject appear
more bright and vital. It can also help to avoid lighting
foreground objects.
To pull out the reflection card, tilt the flash head up to
90 degrees, then pull out the wide diffusion plate as
well as the reflection card. Keeping the reflection card
pulled up, push the wide diffusion plate back into place.
35
Using the built-in wide angle diffuser
When the distance between the camera
and the subject is less than 2m, you can
use the built-in wide angle diffuser plate
for a more natural effect up close. It also
gives better flash coverage over a wider
distance.
To pull out the wide angle diffuser, pull
out the wide diffusion plate as well as the
reflection card. Keeping the diffuser plate
pulled up, push the reflection card back
inside the flash head.
Using softboxes
It is also possible to connect external softboxes (not included) to
the speedflash to diffuse the flash and create softer light with fewer
shadows. Whether you hold the camera horizontal or vertical, the
effect is the same. The effect is best with the flash head tilted to
approximately 60 degrees.
36
Specification
Circuit design:
Insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT)
Guide number:
58 (ISO100, 180mm)
Flash coverage:
Manual / automatic zoom 18-180mm
Flash head rotates to achieve bounced /
reflected flash and greater coverage
Flash modes:
Automatic mode (TTL, E-TTL, i-TTL), manual
mode (M), stroboscopic mode (multi), LED
lighting, Canon / Nikon master, slave light
(SLAVE c, SLAVE n, S1, S2), surrounded by
flash exposure (FEB)
Wireless trigger:
Light pulse, induction flash light
Wireless flash distance:
Indoor 20-30m, outdoor 10-15m
Wireless connections:
4 communication channels (1, 2, 3, 4) and 3
SLAVE unit groups (A, B, C)
Rotation angle:
Up - 90 degrees
Down - 7 degrees
Left and right - 180 degrees
Colour temperature:
5500K
Flash time:
1/200s - 1/20000s
Manual flash control:
1/128 - 1/1 step 0.3 EV
External connections:
Hotshoe, PC sync, external DC power supply
Recycle time:
2.3 seconds
Power supply:
4 AA batteries
Additional features:
Power saving mode, overheating protection
Size:
7 x 6.5 x 20cm
Net weight:
460g
Package contains:
Flashgun, protective bag, micro base,
user manual
37
Kenro Ltd, Greenbridge Road, Swindon SN3 3LH, UK
+44 (0) 1793 615836 | www.kenro.co.uk | sales@kenro.co.uk
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