SCIENTIFIC
Model 3546/3548
Single Chamber
Water Jacketed Incubator
Manual #7023546
IMPORTANT!
READ THIS INSTRUCTION MANUAL.
FAILURE TO READ, UNDERSTAND, AND FOLLOW MANUAL
INSTRUCTIONS MAY RESULT IN DAMAGE TO THE INCUBATOR,
INJURY TO OPERATING PERSONNEL, AND POOR EQUIPMENT
PERFORMANCE.
CAUTION: ALL INTERNAL ADJUSTMENTS AND MAINTENANCE
MUST BE PERFORMED BY QUALIFIED PERSONNEL.
March 1991
DO YOU NEED INFORMATION OR ASSISTANCE ON FORMA PRODUCTS?
If you do, regardless of the nature, please contact us at
1-614-373-4763 or on our toll-free Watts line, U.S. and Canada
1-800-848-3080 or Telex 29-8205 or Telefax 1-614-373-2382.
Our CUSTOMER SERVICE GROUP can provide you with information on
pricing, quotations, take your order and give you delivery
information on new major equipment items.
Our PRODUCT SERVICE GROUP can supply you with technical
information about proper setup, operation or troubleshooting
of your equipment and fill your needs for spare or replacement
parts, or provide you with on site service if required.
Our communication system puts you in touch with the group of
your choice.
Whatever Forma products you need or use, we'll be happy to
discuss your applications or problems. If you're experiencing
technical problems, working together, we'll help you locate
the problem, and chances are, correct it yourself
over
the phone without a service call.
When more extensive service is necessary, you can count on
Forma for on-the-spot repairs by our trained professional
field technicians. In addition to checking the reported
problem, our technicians also check basic operation, like:
Control Calibrations
Temperature
*
CO2 Levels
R.H. Levels
Electrical Circuits
Recorders
Blowers/Fans
Compressors
Forma now offers a one-year parts and labor warranty on all
standard laboratory equipment. And, in Chicago, IL - Columbus,
OH - Los Angeles, CA - New York city, NY - Boston, MA Detroit, MI - Houston, TZ - San Francisco,, CA - Newark, NJ Philadelphia, PA - Washington, DC - and the areas surrounding
these cities where service coverage is by Forma direct service
personnel, we offer our BI-ANNUAL PERFORMANCE CHECK. This
program provides a complete checkout of your equipment twice a
year and keeps minor problems from becoming major ones. If you
are located in one of the areas listed above, and you would
like to know more about our BI-ANNUAL PERFORMANCE CHECK,
please contact our Product Service Department on the toll-free
800 number.
Take advantage of Forma's professional telephone technicians
in CUSTOMER SERVICE or PRODUCT SERVICE
They're as close as
your telephone.
Call
toll-free
at
1-800-848-3080
for
information
and
assistance 8:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M. (Eastern Standard Time), for
U.S. and Canadian customers. International customers please
contact your local sales group.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1 - RECEIVING
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
Preliminary Inspection
Visible Loss or Damage
Concealed Loss or Damage
Responsibility for Shipping Damage
SECTION 2 - UNPACKING LIST
2.1
Unpacking List
SECTION 3 - INTRODUCTION
3.1
The Water Jacket:
Key Features
SECTION 4 - INSTALLATION AND START-UP
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10
4.11
4.12
4.13
4.14
4.15
4.16
Location
Preliminary Disinfecting
Installing the #6 Neoprene Stopper
(Access Port)
Installing the Shelf Brackets and Cam Latch
Assembly to the Duct Sheets
Installing the Duct Sheets
Installing the Shelves
Leveling
Connecting to Power
Preparing the Incubator for Filling
Filling the Water Jacket
Connecting the CO 2 Supply
Filling the Humidity Reservoir or Pan
Setting the Chamber Temperature
Setting the Overtemp Alarm Point
Zeroing the CO, Controller
Setting the CO 2 Content
SECTION 5 - OPERATION
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
Operation
Overview of Humidification and CO 2
Control Panel
CO 2 Module
Alarm/Monitor Module
SECTION 6 - ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
6.10
6.11
Installing The Decontamination Kit
Disinfecting the Incubator Interior
Cleaning the Cabinet Exterior
Draining the Water Jacket
Changing the CO2 Filter
A Word About CO 2 Test Instruments
Overview of the Fyrite CO 2 Analyzer
Fyrite Operating Precautions
Operating the Fyrite
Checking the Fyrite Fluid Strength
Raising/Lowering the Fyrite Fluid Level
SECTION 7 - SERVICE (For Qualified Personnel Only)
.1 CO, Control Calibration
,2 37C Control Calibration
.3 Replacing the CO, Sensor
,4 Replacing the Triac
,5 Replacing the CO 2 Solenoid
.6 Replacing the Temperature Control
,7 Replacing the Pilot Lights
,8 Replacing the circuit Breaker
9 Replacing the Power Switch
7.10 Replacing the Thermistor
7.11 Replacing the 0.3 Amp Fuse
SECTION 8 - SPECIFICATIONS
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
8.9
8.10
8.11
8.12
8.13
Capacity
Weight
Dimensions
Construction
Shelves
Alarm/Monitor Module
CO 2 Module
Temperature Control
Heaters
Blower
Fittings
Electrical Characteristics
Performance Data
SECTION 9 - AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT
9.1 Auxiliary Equipment
SECTION 10 - PARTS LIST SCHEMATICS, SUPPLEMENTS
& WARRANTY INFORMATION
SECTION 1 - RECEIVING
Table of Contents
1.1
Preliminary Inspection
1.2
Visible Loss or Damage
1.3
Concealed Loss or Damage
1.4
Responsibility for Shipping Damage
1.1
PRELIMINARY INSPECTION
This item was thoroughly inspected and carefully packed
prior to shipment and all reasonable precautions were
taken to ensure safe arrival of the merchandise at its
destination. Immediately upon receipt, before the unit is
moved from the receiving area, carefully examine the
shipment for loss or damage. Unpack the shipment and
inspect both interior and exterior for any in-transit
damage.
1.2
VISIBLE LOSS OR DAMAGE
If
any
loss
or
damage
is
discovered,
note
any
discrepancies
on the delivery
receipt.
Failure
to
adequately describe such evidence of loss or damage may
result in the carrier refusing to honor a damage claim.
Immediately call the delivering carrier and request that
their representative perform an inspection. Do not discard
any of the packing material and under no circumstances
move the shipment from the receiving area.
1.3
CONCEALED LOSS OR DAMAGE
If damage is discovered upon unpacking the shipment, stop
further unpacking, retain all packaging material and
immediately notify the delivering carrier, requesting that
an inspection be performed as soon as possible. Again,
under no circumstances move the shipment from the
receiving area.
1.4
RESPONSIBILITY FOR SHIPPING DAMAGE
For
products
shipped
F.O.B.
Marietta,
Ohio,
the
responsibility of Forma Scientific, Inc. ends when the
merchandise is loaded onto the carrier's vehicle.
On F.O.B. Destination shipments, Forma Scientific's and
the carrier's responsibility ends when your Receiving
Department personnel sign a free and clear delivery
receipt.
Whenever possible, Forma Scientific, Inc. will assist in
settling claims for loss or in-transit damage.
SECTION 2 - UNPACKING LIST
Table of Contents
2.1
Unpacking List
11
2.1
UNPACKING LIST
Remove packing box from incubator. If the unit is to be
moved by fork lift, leave the incubator on the skid until
it has been moved to its designated location. A plastic
bag containing the following accessories is packed inside
the incubator:
STOCK # DESCRIPTION
190247
180001
246011
246010
55000
23 052
121034
127019
550017
23051
600034
285057
QUAN. PURPOSE
Decontamination Kit
1
Polypropylene Funnel
1
Vinyl Tubing 3/8" ID
3'
Vinyl Tubing 3/16" ID
6'
Stainless Steel Screws
24
(Truss Head #10-32 x 1/2")
Stainless Steel Wing Nuts
24
(#10-32)
Cam Latch (Nylon)
Stainless Steel Spacer
(1/4" Diameter x 9/16")
Stainless Steel Screw
(Truss Head #8-32 x 1")
Stainless Steel Wing Nut
(#8-32)
Snapper Hose Clamp (.375")
1
Wired Circuit Board Extender 1
Maintenance
Fill & Drain
Fill & Drain
CO 2 Connection
Extending C 0 2
Board
ALSO PACKED WITH EACH INCUBATOR
STOCK # DESCRIPTION
224140
3113234
3113224
3113222
3113223
130038
7023546
QUAN.
Stainless Steel Shelves
Shelf Brackets
Stainless Duct Channel, Top
Stainless Duct Sheet, Left
Stainless Duct Sheet, Right
#6 Neoprene Stopper
Instruction Manual
13
5
4
1
1
1
1
l
SECTION 3 - INTRODUCTION
TABLE OF CONTENTS
3.1
The Water Jacket: Key Features
15
3.1
THE WATER JACKET: KEY FEATURES
Forma's
water
jacket
design
represents
the
best
combination
of
economy,
accuracy,
and
reliability
available in today's technology. Some of the SALIENT
FEATURES include:
A door heater which adjusts automatically for ambient
conditions, providing a condensate-free inner door for
unhampered viewing of the product in the chamber. The
heated door eliminates unnecessary door openings which
temporarily
disturb
temperature,
humidity,
and
C0 2
control.
Ultra-flat, vibration-free
culturing conditions.
shelves
to
provide
optimum
Direct-set C 0 2 , temperature, and alarm set points.
Digital readout of temperature
chamber surrounding the product.
and
C02
levels
in
the
EASE
OF
Sealed chamber to minimize C 0 2 consumption.
Sealed water jacket to minimize water evaporation.
The water
jacket
incubator
SERVICEABILITY by providing:
also
features
Plug-in C 0 2 , and Temperature/Alarm modules to facilitate
servicing or replacement of a particular control module.
Self-diagnostic switches in the control modules to aid in
troubleshooting the system and localizing problems.
The design of the water jacket also allows for EASE IN
DISINFECTING or autoclaving with a minimum of unit downtime.
There are no cracks or crevices in, or around, the chamber
walls to harbor hidden or hard-to-reach bacterial growth.
The stainless steel shelves, shelf channels, and duct
sheets are easily removable without tools for cleaning and
disinfection the entire interior.
The blower wheel is disposable and easily replaced.
17
Great consideration has been given to the importance of
PRODUCT PROTECTION through the addition of the following:
An Add Water audible alarm and pilot light to alert the
operator when the water level in the water jacket has
become too low for efficient operation.
Audible and visual C 0 2 alarms which are activated when the
C0 2 percentage in the chamber deviates 1% above or below
C0 2 control setpoint.
An overtemperature alarm system which is activated when
chamber temperature rises above the pre selected alarm
point.
18
SECTION 4 - INSTALLATION 6 START-UP
TABLE OF CONTENTS
4.1
Location
4.2
Preliminary Disinfecting
4.3
Installing the #6 Neoprene Stopper
(Access Port)
4.4
Installing the Shelf Brackets and Cam Latch
Assembly to the Duct Sheets
4.5
Installing the Duct Sheets
4.6
Installing the Shelves
4.7
Leveling
4.8
Connecting to Power
4.9
Preparing the Incubator for Filling
4.10 Filling the Water Jacket
4.11 Connecting the C0 2 Supply
4.12 Filling the Humidity Reservoir or Pan
4.13 Setting the Chamber Temperature
4.14 Setting the Overtemp Alarm Point
4.15 Zeroing the CO 2 Controller
4.16 Setting the CO 2 Content
19
SECTION 4 - INSTALLATION & START-UP
4.1
LOCATION
Locate the unit on a firm, level surface capable of
supporting
the
unit
with
water.
(See
WEIGHT
SPECIFICATIONS, Section 8.2.) The incubator should be
placed in a somewhat remote area of the laboratory, away
from any centrifuges, sonicators, doors, windows, and airconditioning or heating ductwork that might produce
drafts. To help prevent microbial contamination, the
incubator should also be removed from areas of excessive
personnel traffic.
NOTE: ADEQUATE ROOM IS REQUIRED BEHIND THE INCUBATOR FOR
CONNECTIONS OF: ELECTRICAL, GAS ETC.
4.2
PRELIMINARY DISINFECTING
Before installing the duct sheets and the shelves, remove
the clear plastic film from the shelf brackets and duct
sheets. Forma Scientific recommends disinfecting all
interior surfaces (including both door gaskets) by washing
them with
ColdSpore™
or an equivalent
laboratory
disinfectant. Rinse the surfaces with sterile distilled
water (50K Ohm to 1 Meg Ohm) . Also disinfect the CO2
sensor and the blower wheel, taking care not to saturate
the sensor.
The duct sheets and shelves must be washed with the same
disinfectant solution and rinsed with sterile distilled
water prior to their installation in the chamber. Repeat
rinsing until you are satisfied that all of the
disinfectant-detergent has been removed. Proceed with the
installation as noted.
For the complete disinfection process, refer to Section
6.2 of this manual.
4.3
INSTALLING THE #6 NEOPRENE STOPPER (Access Port)
Open incubator outer rear door and inner glass door.
Locate opening in top left corner of interior chamber.
Place beveled end of stopper in opening.
21
4.4
INSTALLING THE SHELF BRACKETS AND CAM LATCH
ASSEMBLY TO THE DUCT SHEETS
NOTE: A PLASTIC COATING ON DUCT SHEETS AND SHELF BRACKETS
PROTECTS THE FINISH DURING SHIPPING AND HANDLING.
THE PLASTIC COATING MUST BE PEELED OFF BEFORE
PROTECTED PARTS ARE INSTALLED.
1)
Locate the plastic bag containing the #10-32 x 1/2
truss head screws and wing nuts (20 each).
2)
With the duct sheet in a vertical position, align and
mount the shelf brackets to the unflanged side of the
duct sheets.
NOTE: Wing nuts go on the flanged side. For additional
help, refer to FIGURE 4-1 on the following page.
CAM LATCH ASSEMBLY
1)
Locate the bag containing (2) #8-32 x 1" stainless
steel truss head screws, (2) #8-32 wing nuts, (2)
stainless steel spacers and (2) cam latches (nylon).
2)
Place stainless steel spacer (sleeve) over the #8-32 x
1" screw and insert it into the opening of the cam
latch.
3)
Locate the five (5) small adjustment holes at the top
of each duct sheet. (Please refer to FIGURE 4-1)
4)
Place cam latch on inside (or unflanged side) of duct
sheet and position screw with spacer (sleeve) through
the middle hole of the five hole adjustment.
NOTE: IF DUCT SHEETS APPEAR TO BE TOO TIGHT OR TOO LOOSE
UPON INSTALLATION, THE CAM LATCH ASSEMBLY CAN BE
RE-POSITIONED UP OR DOWN ONE HOLE FOR PROPER
ALIGNMENT.
5)
Secure screw on flanged side of duct sheet with #8-32
wing.
6)
Repeat this procedure for other duct sheet.
22
INSTALLING THE SHELF BRACKETS,
DUCT SHEETS & CAM LATCH ASSEMBLY
(FIGURE 4-1)
REFERENCE HOLE(S)
(LOCATED OH LEFT END FLANGE)
PROBE CLIP MOUNTING HOLES
TOP, STAINLESS STEEL CHANNEL
LEFT, STAINLESS STEEL DUCT SHEET
STAINLESS STEEL SCREW (18-32 x 1-)
STAINLESS STEEL SPACER (SLEEVE) 1/4- DIA. X 9/16•— NOTCHED FOR BRASS COj SAMPLE TUBE
SHELF BRACKET
CAM LATCH (NYLON)
ADJUSTMENT HOLES (5 TOTAL)
STAINLESS STEEL WING NUT
(#8-32)
STAINLESS STEEL MING NUT
(110-32)
STAINLESS STEEL SCREWS
(110-32 X 1/2-)
RIGHT, STAINLESS STEEL DUCT SHEET
4.5
INSTALLING THE DUCT SHEETS
NOTE: The left duct sheet has large notches in both top
and bottom edges. The right-hand duct sheet has a
single notch in the top edge only.
1)
Carefully put the right duct sheet into the incubator
chamber with the flanges toward the wall.
2)
Put the left duct sheet into the chamber, with the
square notch at the top and the flanges toward the
wall.
NOTE: Allow the top of the left-side duct sheet to lie
diagonally across the chamber, resting upon the
right-side duct sheet.
3)
Hook the top channel into the top opening of the right
duct sheet.(Refer to FIGURE 4-1) The top channel must
be positioned so that the brass COj sample tube
(mounted in ceiling of incubator) is aligned with the
notched out area on the right rear side of the top
channel. The round opening will align with the blower
wheel when it is slid into place.
4)
While supporting the blower channel, slide the left
duct sheet up until it is vertical, making sure that
the blower channel lines up into the slot on both duct
sheets.
5)
Turn cam latch to a vertical position (up against
bottom side of top channel) to secure.
NOTE: IF DUCT SHEETS APPEAR TO BE TOO TIGHT OR TOO LOOSE
UPON INSTALLATION, THE CAM LATCH ASSEMBLY CAN BE
RE-POSITIONED UP OR DOWN ONE HOLE FOR PROPER
ALIGNMENT.
4.6
INSTALLING THE SHELVES
The shelves may be placed at any level in the chamber.
Slide the shelf into the shelf bracket at the desired
level.
25
4.7
LEVELING
Check leveling of the unit by placing a bubble-type level
on one of the shelves. Turn the hex nut (located on the
leveling leg) clockwise to lengthen the leveling leg, or
raise the unit. Turning the hex nut counterclockwise will
shorten the leg, or lower the unit.
NOTE: Be sure to level the incubator before filling the
water jacket.
CAUTION: TO PREVENT INJURY TO PERSONNEL AND/OR DAMAGE TO
EQUIPMENT, LOCK INNER GLASS DOOR AND SECURE OUTER
DOOR BEFORE TIPPING UNIT TO ADJUST LEVELING FEET.
CAUTION: DO NOT ATTEMPT TO TILT THE INCUBATOR WITHOUT
ASSISTANCE WHILE ADJUSTING THE LEVELING FEET.
4.8
CONNECTING TO POWER
With the incubator power switch OFF, connect the unit to
an adequate power source. See Section 8.12 for specific
power requirements. Turn power switch to the ON position.
NOTE: Forma Scientific, Inc. recommends that the
incubator be connected to a separate circuit.
4.9
PREPARING THE INCUBATOR FOR FILLING
NOTE: 450 ML of rust inhibitor was placed in the water
jacket before the incubator was shipped. The rust
inhibitor mixes with the distilled water during
filling and provides a protective coating on the
interior of the water jacket.
NOTE: The fill/drain fitting is located on the center
front of the unit, directly above the door. This
fitting is to facilitate filling and draining of the
water jacket without having to move the unit. The
vent hole, located directly below the fill/drain
fitting, behind the front door, allows the air
displaced by water entering the jacket to escape. It
also prevents distortion of the chamber by allowing
air to escape as the unit expands and contracts
during heating and cooling.
CAUTION: DO NOT PLUG VENT. A PLUGGED VENT WILL DAMAGE THE
WATER JACKET CHAMBER.
26
Remove the plastic protective cap from the fill/drain
fitting. Check to see that the vent hole (located directly
below the fill/drain fitting, behind the front door, is
NOT covered or plugged.
1)
Set the "TEMP SELECT" switch to the variable position
and turn the temp control knob completely
counterclockwise to keep the heater from coming on
before the water jacket is filled.
2)
Turn incubator on.
3)
Press and hold the set button on the monitor "Alarm
Module", and using the adjustment screwdriver
supplied, adjust the overtemp alarm setpoint to a
setting 2 or 3 degrees above the intended operating
temperature. (See section 4.14)
4)
Press and hold the C O , Set/Silence button and rotate
the C 0 2 setscrew until the display reads 00.0.
4.10 FILLING THE WATER JACKET
Listed below are two recommended methods
water-jacketed incubator.
of filling
the
A: Funnel Method
B: Tap Fill Method
CAUTION: PURITY OF THE DISTILLED WATER USED IN THE WATER
JACKET AND HUMIDIFIER MUST BE WITHIN THE 5OK OHM
TO 1 MEG OHM RANGE TO PROTECT, AND PROLONG THE
LIFE OF THE STAINLESS STEEL WATER JACKET. USE OF
TAP WATER, OR DISTILLED WATER OUTSIDE THE
SPECIFIED RANGE, WILL DECREASE THE OPERATING LIFE
OF THE UNIT AND WILL VOID THE WARRANTY.
1)
To prevent mineral buildup and minimize corrosion, use
50K Ohm to 1 Meg Ohm distilled water to fill the water
jacket.
2)
To restrict fungal and bacterial growth, add
C o l d S p o r e ™ to the water jacket water during filling.
27
A: FUNNEL METHOD
NOTE: The funnel and vinyl tubing, necessary for filling
are contained in the accessories bag included with
each incubator.
1)
Fit funnel into one end of the 3/8" I.D. vinyl tubing.
2)
Remove plastic "protective" cap from fill/drain
fitting.
3)
Attach free end of funnel tubing to the fill/drain
fitting.
4)
Hold funnel above level of fill fitting and pour water
into funnel until the "ADD WATER" alarm and light are
deactivated.
NOTE: The water jacket holds approximately 12.9 gallons
(49 liters) of water.
5)
After the "ADD WATER" alarm and light are deactivated,
add one additional liter of water. The incubator has
now been properly filled.
6)
Remove tubing from fitting and replace the plastic
"protective" cap.
NOTE: Water seepage may occur from vent port when chamber
temperature increases.
28
B: TAP FILL METHOD
CAUTION: A HIGH RATE OF FLOW AND HIGH PRESSURE CAN CAUSE
DISTORTION AND DAMAGE TO THE INCUBATOR CHAMBER
WALLS.
NOTE: The vinyl tubing necessary for filling is contained
in the accessories bag included with each incubator.
The kit contains three feet of 3/8" I.D. vinyl
tubing, if the distilled water outlet is more than
three feet from the incubator, more tubing, and a
connector will be required.
CAUTION: PURITY OF THE DISTILLED WATER USED IN THE WATER
OHM TO 1 MEG OHM RANGE TO PROTECT, AND PROLONG
THE LIFE OF THE STAINLESS STEEL WATER JACKET. USE
OF TAP WATER, OR DISTILLED WATER OUTSIDE THE
SPECIFIED RANGE, WILL DECREASE THE OPERATING LIFE
OF THE UNIT AND VOID THE WARRANTY.
CAUTION: MAKE CERTAIN THAT THE WATER JACKET VENT HOLE
(LOCATED DIRECTLY BELOW THE FILL/DRAIN FITTING,
BEHIND THE FRONT DOOR) IS NOT COVERED OR PLUGGED.
THE VENT HOLE MUST BE OPEN AT ALL TIMES TO PERMIT
EXPANDING AIR TO ESCAPE, OR DAMAGE TO THE
INCUBATOR CHAMBER WILL RESULT.
1)
Remove plastic "protective" cap from fill/drain
fitting.
2)
Connect 3/8" I.D. vinyl tubing between fitting and
distilled water tap.
3)
Open tap until water flows steadily into water jacket.
CAUTION: A HIGH RATE OF FLOW AND HIGH PRESSURE CAN CAUSE
DISTORTION TO INCUBATOR CHAMBER WALLS.
4)
Turn water off immediately when the "ADD WATER" alarm
and light are deactivated.
5)
Using the funnel method, add one additional liter. The
incubator has now been properly filled.
6)
Remove vinyl tubing and reinstall the plastic
"protective" cap.
29
4.11 CONNECTING THE CO 2 SUPPLY
For the most economical use of CO,, a main supply of
liquid CO, is recommended. The liquid C0 2 should be
supplied from tanks WITHOUT SIPHON TUBES to ensure that
only C0 2 gas enters the incubator injection system. It
also recommended that a two-stage pressure regulator with
indicating gauges be installed at the supply cylinder
outlet. The high pressure gauge should have an indicating
range of 0 to 2000 PSIG to monitor tank pressure; and the
low pressure gauge should have an indicating range of 0 to
30 PSIG to monitor actual input pressure to the incubator
injection system. A suitable two-stage pressure regulator
is available from Forma Scientific, Stock #965010.
The C0 2 source must be regulated at a pressure level of 5
to 10 PSIG. Higher pressure levels may damage the C0 2
system. Pressure levels lower than 5 PSI will not affect
the operation of the incubator, but will increase C0 2
recovery time.
TO CONNECT THE CO 2 SUPPLY:
The CO 2 fitting is located on the backside of the control
panel. Securely attach the 3/16" I.D. vinyl CO, line to
the serrated fitting, and check the connection for leaks.
If a metal line is to be used, the serrated fitting can be
replaced and the desired 1/8 MPT fitting can be added.
4.12
FILLING THE HUMIDITY RESERVOIR OR PAN
CAUTION: DO NOT USE PLASTIC PANS FOR HUMIDIFICATION AS
THEY WILL HAVE AN UNPREDICTABLE EFFECT ON
HUMIDITY AND CO, LEVELS IN THE INCUBATOR. USE
ONLY THE FLOOR OF THE UNIT OR THE OPTIONAL
STAINLESS STEEL HUMIDITY PAN.
CAUTION: DO NOT USE DEMINERALIZED OR DEIONIZED WATER IN
THE HUMIDITY RESERVOIR OR PAN UNLESS IT HAS BEEN
BOILED IMMEDIATELY PRIOR TO USE, AS IT MAY BE
CONTAMINATED WITH BACTERIA.
Listed below are two recommended methods of providing
elevated humidity in the chamber. Before selecting one of
these methods, please refer to Section 5.2 Overview of
Humidification and CO 2 .
CAUTION: FREQUENT DOOR OPENINGS WILL CAUSE HUMIDITY LOSS
FROM CHAMBER AND MAY RESULT IN DESICCATION OF THE
PRODUCT. RECOVERY TIME WILL ALSO BE AFFECTED!
30
1)
The reservoir in the bottom of the incubator can be
filled with at least 3/4" of sterile distilled (50K
ohm to 1 Meg Ohm) water.
2)
The optional humidity pan (Forma Stock #237001) will
hold 6.375 quarts or (6 liters) of sterile distilled
(5OK ohm to 1 Meg ohm) water.
NOTE: This pan may be autoclaved.
The humidity pan may be placed either on the floor, or
installed in the bottom set of shelf brackets
NOTE: RECOVERY TIMES ARE APPROXIMATELY 20% LONGER WHEN THE
HUMIDITY PAN IS PLACED IN THE BOTTOM SHELF BRACKETS.
The best humidity and temperature response from the
humidity pan is obtained when the pan is placed directly
on the incubator floor.
The water level in the humidity reservoir should be
checked frequently. If a disinfectant is added to the
water in the reservoir, it should be changed once a week
to
help
prevent
microbial
contamination.
If
no
disinfectant is added to the sterile distilled water (50K
ohm to 1 Meg Ohm) , the water should be changed at least
twice a week.
It is very important that the water level in the reservoir
or pan
be kept
relatively
constant, as
extreme
fluctuations or "dry-outs" will have an adverse effect on
the humidity level and CO 2 control in the chamber.
CAUTION: WHEN INSTALLING THE HUMIDITY PAN, EXERCISE CARE
TO AVOID TEARING THE INNER DOOR GASKET.
31
4.13 SETTING THE CHAMBER TEMPERATURE
Before the initial temperature setting is made, push in on
the "Push to Set" button on the alarm monitor module, and
using the screwdriver on the control panel, turn the
overtemp set screw until the display shows a temperature
that is 2 to 3 degrees above the desired operating
setpoint. The overtemp safety may be reset after the
chamber temperature has stabilized at setpoint.
If a chamber temperature of 37 degrees C is desired, set
the Variable/37C switch to the 37C position.
If a value other than 37C is desired, set the switch to
the Variable position, and set the temperature control
knob to the desired setpoint. Any temperature between 5
degrees C above ambient to 60 degrees C may be selected.
4.14 SETTING THE OVERTEMP ALARM POINT
Once the chamber temperature has stabilized (as indicated
by the digital display), the overtemp safety should be set
as follows:
1)
Push in on the Push to Set button on the alarm monitor
module.
2)
Using the screwdriver mounted on the control panel,
turn the set screw until the desired overtemp alarm
point is shown on the digital display. The overtemp
setpoint can be set within 0.1 degree of operating
setpoint, but it is recommended that it not be set
within 0.5 of setpoint.
NOTE: The overtemp safety should be checked quarterly to
insure proper operation. To check the overtemp
control, push in on the Push to Set button on the
alarm monitor module, and turn the set screw
counterclockwise until the overtemp safety light and
audible alarm are activated. Reset the overtemp
safety after the test.
32
4.15 ZEROING THE C O 2 CONTROLLER
IMPORTANT! This adjustment is made using the C 0 2 gas
content of ambient air (0.03%), the most accurate standard
available. NEVER USE A FYRITE OR OTHER ANALYZER FOR THIS
ADJUSTMENT. The adjustment must be made on initial startup, and it must also be made if a change in the
humidification of the incubator is required.
TOOLS REQUIRED:
1)
Calibration screwdriver (provided on the panel)
2)
FYRITE C O , Analyzer (use only for checking) or other
C02measuring device.
STEP 1:. STABILIZE THE INCUBATOR AT THE OPERATING
TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY LEVEL WITH NO C O 2 IN THE
INTERIOR CHAMBER.
1.1 Turn off the C O 2 at the supply.
1.2 Fill the humidity reservoir or pan.
1.3 Allow the incubator temperature and humidity to
stabilize. This will take a minimum of 8 hours, but on
initial start-up allow 3 days.
STEP 2: ADJUST THE ZERO SET POT
2.1 Using the small screwdriver mounted on t h e control
panel, adjust the C 0 2 control zero pot to read 00.0 on
the digital display. Wait 5 minutes. Repeat if
necessary until the display is stable.
2.2 When the adjustment is complete, turn on the C O 2 at
the supply.
2.3 Turn the C O 2 setpoint to the desired %.
STEP 3 (Optional): CHECK C O 2 AT THE DESIRED SETPOINT
3.1 Allow the incubator to reach setpoint and control
(inject light will cycle) for a minimum of 30 minutes.
33
3.2 Check the C0 2 level with a FYRITE until two
consecutive readings agree. If the FYRITE and display
are not within plus or minus 1.0%, consult the
factory. See Section 6.9 for correct FYRITE sampling
procedure.
NOTE: After proper zeroing, the CO 2 display will be more
accurate than the FYRITE, because the zero
adjustment was performed using absolute.
4.16 SETTING THE CO 2 CONTENT
The following conditions must be satisfied before the CO 2
percentage can be set:
1)
Allow temperature and humidity in chamber to
stabilize. For initial settings of CO,, it is
recommended that temperature and humidity be allowed
to stabilize for three days.
2)
Check the CO, control zero (See Section 4.15 for
detailed instructions).
TO SET THE CO, PERCENTAGE, press the CO 2 Set/Silence
button, and rotate the CO 2 setscrew until the desired
percentage is indicated on Qie digital display.
NOTE: If the unit is in overtemp and a CO 2 injection
occurs, a brief, high CO 2 percentage will appear on
the digital display due to the shut down of the
internal fan during overtemp. The high C0 2
percentage occurs only at the sensor. CO 2 throughout
the chamber will remain normal.
34
SECTION 5 - OPERATION
TABLE OF CONTENTS
5.1 Operation
5.2 Overview of Humidification and CO5.3 Control Panel
5.4 CO 2 Module
5.5 Alarm/Monitor Module
35
SECTION 5 - OPERATION
5.1
OPERATION
The water jacket is filled with approximately 12.9 gallons
(49 liters) of water through the fill fitting located on
the front of the unit. The water is then wanned by the
chamber heater, providing very stable heating of the
incubator chamber. Not only does the water stay at a
constant temperature with a minimum of heater on-time, but
it also acts effectively as insulation from ambient
temperature conditions.
Temperature control is maintained by a proportional, zeroswitching device to provide for improved temperature
uniformity
throughout
the chamber. A
separate
and
independent overtemperature controller assures product
safety by assuming control at the overtemp setpoint should
the primary controller malfunction. Should an overtemp
condition develop, the monitor alarm system will alert the
operator that a malfunction has occurred.
An internal blower functions to gently circulate the air
in the chamber to prevent C 0 2 stratification while
minimizing culture desiccation.
5.2
overview of Humidification and CO 2
Of all the ways to measure incubator CO2 levels, Forma's
thermal
conductivity
method
represents
the
best
combination of economy, accuracy and reliability possible
today.
Thermal conductivity of the incubator atmosphere is
affected not only by the quantity of CO, present, but by
the quantity of water vapor present in the incubator
atmosphere as well. This effect is linearly related to the
absolute humidity of the atmosphere (See graph on page
42).
In monitoring the effects of CO^, absolute humidity must
be held constant so any change in thermal conductivity is
caused only by a change in the C 0 2 concentration. Under
the worst circumstances, a change in absolute humidity
could
cause
such
a significant
change
in thermal
conductivity that the controller could shift the C 0 2
content by as much as 4%.
37
Maintaining the water level inside the incubator is a
relatively simple procedure. We cannot emphasize strongly
enough the importance of keeping the humidity in the
incubator constant. Any water pan, used in lieu of
flooding the incubator floor, must be stainless steel and
at least 187 square inches of surface area. Our tests
indicate that smaller pans, bowls or non-metallic pans do
not provide adequate humidification, which can lead to
incubator humidity variations with ambient humidity
shifts, resulting in C0 2 changes in the incubator.
When operating a dry incubator, as opposed to a humidified
one, ambient humidity fluctuations will affect C 0 2
calibrations. Since the fluctuations possible in extreme
ambient changes have less effect on the total absolute
humidity, the C 0 2 calibration can be affected by as much
as 1.5%.
When a change in humidity or temperature is needed, the
C0 2 control can be easily zeroed for the new condition.
One additional note: Temperature changes have little
affect on CO, calibration, but do cause large changes in
the absolute numidity which is reflected in changes in C 0 2
calibration.
5.3 CONTROL PANEL
1)
FILL/DRAIN FITTING AND VENT HOLE
The fill/drain fitting is located on the center front
of the unit, directly above the door. This fitting is
to facilitate filling and draining of the water jacket
without having to move the unit. The vent hole,
located directly below the fill/drain fitting, behind
the front door, allows the air displaced by water
entering the jacket to escape. It also prevents
distortion of the chamber by allowing air to escape as
the unit expands and contracts during heating and
cooling. Under no circumstances should the vent be
plugged.
2)
POWER SWITCH AND PILOT LIGHT
The main power switch controls the ON/OFF power to the
unit. The power pilot light is activated when the
power switch is on, and the unit is receivinc power.
38
3)
CIRCUIT BREAKER (RESET)
The 5 amp circuit breaker for the incubator (labeled
"Reset") can be pushed to reset the incubator power
supply within a few seconds after the breaker has
tripped. If it trips a second time, the unit should be
checked by a qualified electrician.
4)
VARIABLE/37C SWITCH, TEMP CONTROL, AND HEATER PILOT
LIGHT
When the Variable/37C switch is set to the 37C (up)
position, chamber temperature will automatically be
maintained at +37 degrees C. If necessary, the 37C
control can be calibrated via the calibration screw
located at the lower left side of the temperature
control dial. See Section 7.3 for recalibration
instructions for the 37 degrees C setting.
When the switch is set to the Variable
(down)
position, control is assumed by the temperature
control potentiometer. The numbers (0 to 60) around
the control knob indicate approximate setpoint values
in degrees Centigrade. Any value between +5 degrees C
above ambient temperature and 50 degrees C may be
selected. The heater pilot light will be activated
whenever the heater is energized.
5)
GAS SAMPLE PORT
A
sample port
for checking
CO2 percentage
by
independent means
(e.g. FYRITE
or
similar C 0 2
measuring device). See Section 6.9 for details on the
proper use of the FYRITE.
IMPORTANT:
THE SAMPLE PORT SHOULD NEVER BE CAPPED, AS IT SERVES
AS A VENT FOR THE INCUBATOR CHAMBER.
6)
SETPOINT ADJUSTMENT TOOL
A small screwdriver, located adjacent to the sample
port, has been provided for setting the CO 2 and
overtemp setpoints. Pull out on the knob to release
the screwdriver.
39
5.4 C 0 2 MODULE
1)
CO 2 POWER SWITCH
The CO, power switch controls the electrical power to
the CO 2 system, and it must be ON when the incubator
is to be operated with C 0 2 . The switch should be
turned on as soon as power is applied to the unit to
allow the CO 2 system to warm up.
2)
CO 2 CONTROLLER AND DIGITAL DISPLAY
The LCD digital readout on the C 0 2 module continually
displays the percent of C 0 2 in the chamber. The
setpoint is displayed when the C 0 2 set/silence button
is pushed.
C 0 2 setpoint is changed by pushing the CO 2 set/silence
button and rotating the C 0 2 setscrew to the desired
percentage.
3)
AUDIBLE C 0 2 ALARM AND PILOT LIGHT
The audible C 0 2 alarm and pilot light are activated
when the percent C 0 2 deviates from setpoint by plus or
minus 1% (nominal) for longer than approximately four
minutes.
4)
SET/SILENCE PUSH BUTTON
When pushed, the set/silence button will silence the
CO, alarm and de-energize the alarm light. The alarm
will remain deactivated until another alarm condition
occurs. This button must be pushed to set or display
the C 0 2 setpoint.
5)
ALARM DISABLE SWITCH
NOTE: It is necessary to pull the C 0 2 module out slightly
to gain access to the alarm disable switch.
When the switch is in the DISABLE position, the C 0 2
alarm is completely disabled. When the switch is set
to the NORMAL position, the alarm system is operative
and can be silenced via the set/silence button.
40
6)
C 0 2 INJECT LIGHT
The C 0 2 inject light is activated whenever there is a
demand for C 0 2 to meet setpoint requirements, since
the CO, inject light is independent of the C 0 2 alarm,
it will continue to signal a need for C 0 2 when the C 0 2
alarm is set to either the defeat or silence position.
7)
C 0 2 ZERO ADJUSTMENT
The CO, zero adjustment is used for zeroing the C 0 2
controller to specific control conditions. It is the
ONLY user calibration adjustment on the CO, module.
All internal adjustments are for qualified service
personnel ONLY.
5.5 ALARM/MONITOR MODULE
1)
OVERTEMPERATURE CONTROLLER AND PUSH TO SET BUTTON
The overtemperature setpoint is displayed when the
"PUSH TO SET" button on the module is pushed. Overtemp
control point is adjusted by pushing the set button
and rotating the setscrew on the module to the desired
setpoint.
2)
OVERTEMP ALARM AND PILOT LIGHT
The overtemperature audible alarm and pilot light are
activated in the event of an overtemp condition. Once
the alarm has been activated, it can only be silenced
by the temperature in the chamber returning to normal
or by readjusting the overterop setpoint to a value
above the chamber temperature.
3)
ADD WATER PILOT LIGHT AND AUDIBLE ALARM
The add water pilot light and audible alarm are
activated whenever the water level in the water jacket
is low. The alarm will be deactivated only when
approximately 1 liter of water has been added through
the fill/drain fitting. (See Sections 4.10).
41
Moisture Effect on CO2 Control Calibration
Chang* in Moisture
(Grains)
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
Changes in CO2
FIGURE
42
5.1
3.5
4
4.5
5
SECTION 6 - ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
6.1
Installing the Decontamination Kit
6.2
Disinfecting the Incubator Interior
6.3
Cleaning the Cabinet Exterior
6.4
Draining the Water Jacket
6.5
Changing the CO 2 Filter
6.6
A Word About C0 2 Test Instruments
6.7
Overview of the Fyrite CO 2 Analyzer
6.8
Fyrite Operating Precautions
6.9
Operating the Fyrite
6.10 Checking the Fyrite Fluid Strength
6.11 Raising or Lowering the Fyrite Fluid Level
43
INSTRUCTION SHEET #7190028
INSTRUCTIONS FOR INSTALLING
DECONTAMINATION KIT# 190028
1) DISCONNECT INCUBATOR FROM POWER
SUPPLY.
2) Remove shelves, duct sheets and blower channel
from incubator interior.
3) Remove blower wheel. To remove the blower
wheel, grasp it as shown in Figure #1 and
pull down firmly.
Figure #1
4) Match blower wheel from kit with blower
wheel that was removed in Step #3.
IMPORTANT! THE BLOWER WHEEL
REPLACEMENT MUST BE AN
IDENTICAL MATCH. Place new blower
wheel over motor shaft and push blower
wheel up against snap ring (if present).
Confirm that blower wheel rotates freely.
Figure #2
5) Next locate and remove the four wing nuts that
secure the motor mounting plate to the incubator
ceiling, shown in Figure #2.
6) Carefully pull blower motor assembly down into
chamber area. NOTE: ON SOME MODELS, THE
BLOWER MOTOR ASSEMBLY MAY DROP
DOWN ONLY 1-1/2 TO 2 INCHES.
7) Slide the motor mounting gasket over the motor
mounting plate, as shown in Figure #3. Discard
gasket.
Figure #3
8) Install the new motor mounting gasket over the
four studs, located on the incubator ceiling, as
shown in Figure #4.
NOTE: THE MOTOR MOUNTING GASKET MUST
LIE FLAT BETWEEN THE MOTOR MOUNTING
PLATE AND THE INCUBATOR CEILING. TIGHTEN
ALL FOUR WING NUTS FIRMLY TO ENSURE A
GOOD SEAL.
Figure #4
REVISED 8/
THE FOLLOWING STEPS APPLY TO AUTOMATIC
CO2 AND AUTOMATIC O2/CO2 INCUBATORS.
FOR CONSTANT FLOW INCUBATORS, SKIP TO
STEP #12.
9) Remove the two wing nuts and large flat washer
that secures the CO2 sensor, shown in Figures #5 &
#6. Allow sensor to drop down into chamber area.
Disconnect sensor at electrical connector.
10) Peel o-ring off sensor and replace it with
the new o-ring provided in kit, shown in
Figure #7.
11) Electrically reconnect CO2 sensor.
Reinstall CO2 sensor to original
position. Tighten wing nuts firmly
to ensure proper sealing.
Figure #5
lit
12) Reinstall blower channel, duct sheets and
shelves. Reconnect incubator to power supply.
Figure #6
Figure #7
6.2
DISINFECTING THE INCUBATOR INTERIOR
The incubator can be easily disinfected in about 30
minutes. Forma recommends the use of ColdSpore™ . Dilute
with sterile distilled water (50K Ohm to 1 Meg O h m ) .
1)
Remove shelves and duct sheets, and clean all interior
surfaces, taking care not to saturate the C O 2 sensor.
2)
Rinse the surfaces at least twice with sterile
distilled water (50K Ohm to 1 Meg O h m ) , or until you
are satisfied that all of the disinfectant-detergent
has been removed.
3)
Thoroughly clean the door gasket.
4)
Clean inside of glass door with solution, and rinse
with sterile distilled water (50K Ohm to 1 Meg O h m ) .
5)
Wash or autoclave the shelves and duct sheets with
solution.
6)
Rinse with sterile distilled water.
REPEAT RINSING UNTIL YOU ARE SATISFIED THAT ALL OF THE
DISINFECTANT-DETERGENT HAS BEEN REMOVED.•
7)
If desired, all surfaces can then be rubbed or sprayed
with 70% alcohol.
8)
Reinstall the duct sheets and shelves.
NOTE: AFTER COMPLETING THE DECONTAMINATION PROCEDURE, IT
IS RECOMMENDED THAT THE INCUBATOR BE RUN FOR 24
HOURS TO ASSURE REMOVAL OF TRACE VAPORS, BEFORE
PLACING ANY VALUABLE CONTENTS INSIDE THE INCUBATOR
CHAMBER.
WARNING: ALCOHOL, EVEN A 70% SOLUTION, IS VOLATILE AND
FLAMMABLE. USE IT ONLY IN A WELL VENTILATED AREA
THAT IS FREE FROM OPEN FLAME. IF ANY COMPONENT IS
CLEANED WITH ALCOHOL, DO NOT EXPOSE THE COMPONENT
TO OPEN FLAME OR OTHER POSSIBLE HAZARD.
CAUTION: DO NOT USE STRONG ALKALINE OR CAUSTIC AGENTS.
STAINLESS STEEL IS CORROSION RESISTANT, NOT
CORROSION PROOF.
46
6.3
CAUTION: DO NOT USE SOLUTIONS OF SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE
(PUREX, CLOROX, ETC.)/ AS THEY MAY CAUSE PITTING
AND RUST.
CLEANING THE CABINET EXTERIOR
The incubator exterior may be cleaned with soap and water
and a general use laboratory disinfectant. A cleaning
chart has been provided at the rear of the manual.
Information about disinfectants, recommended by Forma
Scientific, Inc. is included as a supplement to this
manual.
6.4
DRAINING THE WATER JACKET
For best results, the water in the water jacket should be
changed yearly.
1)
Disconnect the unit from the power supply.
2)
Remove the plastic "protective" cap from the
fill/drain fitting and attach the 3/8" I.D. vinyl
tubing. Attach funnel to open end of tubing.
3)
Prime the water line by holding the tubing straight up
and pouring water slowly into the funnel until the
,tubing is completely filled.
4)
Quickly drop the water line to a drain or large
bucket. If the tube has been filled correctly, the
water should siphon out of the jacket.
5)
See Section 4.10 to fill the water jacket.
6.5 CHANGING THE CO, FILTER
(FOR QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL ONLY!)
NOTE: Under conditions of normal usage, and dependent upon
the purity of gas being used, the CO 2 filter should
be good for approximately five years.
If the CO, filter becomes clogged, replace with
stock #770001.
1)
Disconnect the unit from the power supply.
2)
Remove screws securing side service panel.
3)
Remove and replace the filter.
47
Forma
6.6
A WORD ABOUT CO 2 TEST INSTRUMENTS
During the course of our research into the use of Forma
Automatic CO 2 incubators, we discovered that the best
standard available for zeroing or calibrating our CO 2
controller is air, which typically contains 0.033% co 2 by
volume. Variations from this figure are insignificant.
As previously noted, it is extremely important that any
Forma automatic CO 2 incubator be zeroed to air (See
Section 4.15). C0 2 TEST INSTRUMENTS SHOULD BE USED AS A
SECONDARY CHECK OR TO CHECK CO 2 AT OPERATING LEVELS ONLY!
Because sampling technique is so important to the
effective use of CO 2 test instruments, we have included
information in this manual on the use of the most commonly
used test instrument, the FYRITE. REMEMBER THAT THE FYRITE
SHOULD BE USED FOR CHECKING PURPOSES ONLY; NOT FOR THE
ACTUAL ZEROING OF FORMA EQUIPMENT!
6.7
OVERVIEW OF THE FYRITE CO 2 ANALYZER
Many of our customers use FYRITE CO, Analyzers as an
independent means of checking the CO 2 level in their
incubators. We do not want to discourage this practice,
but we feel that the safe and correct use of this test
instrument is of vital importance to us. In an effort to
inform our customers about the use of the FYRITE, we have
compiled the following hints and instructions from the
FYRITE instruction manual 11-9026, dated January, 1980.
WARNING: THE FLUID USED IN THE FYRITE CO, ANALYZER
CONTAINS POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE AND IS CORROSIVE. IT
CONTAINS POISONOUS CHEMICALS AND SHOULD NOT BE
TAKEN INTERNALLY. IN THE EVENT OF BODY CONTACT:
ANTIDOTES
EXTERNAL: FLOOD WITH WATER, THEN WASH WITH VINEGAR.
INTERNAL: GIVE VINEGAR, OR JUICE OF LEMON, GRAPEFRUIT, OR
ORANGE COPIOUSLY. FOLLOW WITH OLIVE OIL.
EYES: FLOOD WITH WATER, THEN WASH WITH A 5% BORIC ACID
SOLUTION.
CALL PHYSICIAN
48
6.8
6.9
FYRITE OPERATING PRECAUTIONS
1)
DO NOT invert the FYRITE when the plunger is
depressed.
2)
DO NOT hold the FYRITE near your face when the top
plunger is depressed.
3)
ALWAYS hold the FYRITE by the fins to prevent heat
transfer from your hands.
4)
ALWAYS moisten the filter in the sampling tube before
taking a sample. Failure to do so will result in
inaccurate readings.
5)
For maximum accuracy, the FYRITE MUST be at ambient
temperature. DO NOT store the FYRITE in a location
subject to extreme temperatures (such as the trunk of
a car or a windowsill).
6)
Check the strength of the FYRITE fluid whenever the
instrument is used. See Section 6.10 for instructions
on checking the fluid strength.
OPERATING THE FYRITE
1) ,Hold the FYRITE upright and away from your face. Press
the plunger momentarily to vent the tester.
2)
Invert the FYRITE to drain the fluid into the top.
3)
Turn the FYRITE upright, and allow the fluid to drain
to the bottom.
4)
Hold the FYRITE at eye level. Loosen the locknut at
the rear of the scale. Slide the scale until the to of
the fluid column lines up with the zero on the scale.
Tighten the locknut.
NOTE: Either the top or the bottom of the meniscus can be
used for setting the zero as long as the same point
is used when making measurements.
5)
Attach the open end of the rubber gas sampler hose to
the sample port on the incubator. DO NOT attach the
tube to the FYRITE tester at this time. Pump the
aspirator bulb a few times to clear the air from the
sampler line.
49
6)
Hold the FYRITE upright, and place the rubber
connector tip from the sampler tube over the plunger
valve, and pump the aspirator bulb at plunger valve
during the final squeeze.
7)
Invert the FYRITE, and allow all the liquid to drain
to the top. Turn upright, and allow all the liquid to
drain to the bottom. Repeat once.
8)
Momentarily hold the FYRITE at a 45 degree angle to
allow the fluid droplets to drain to bottom.
9)
Hold the FYRITE upright. Allow the fluid a few seconds
to stabilize. Determine the percent CO, from the level
of the fluid column. A delay of 5 to 10 seconds in
taking the reading may result in a slight error; a
longer delay may result in a substantial error.
10) Repeat steps 6 through 10 until two consecutive
readings agree.
11) Remove the FYRITE hose from the sample port to allow
the chamber to breathe.
NOTE: When used correctly, the FYRITE is accurate to
within +1/2% of actual CO 2 value. Incorrect sampling
technique can cause an error of as much as 4%.
6.10 CHECKING THE FYRITE FLUID STRENGTH
After taking a reading with the FYRITE, do not vent the
sample. Invert the FYRITE again, and take another reading.
If there is an increase of 1/2% or more on the second
reading, fluid replacement is necessary.
Fluid strength can also be checked by testing a certified
gas sample containing a known C 0 2 concentration. Fresh
FYRITE fluid should be good for approximately 350 samples.
NOTE: The dark
solution
solution
meniscus
red fluid floating on the top of the FYRITE
is normal. It has been added to the
to prevent excessive foaming at the
and does not indicate defective fluid.
CAUTION: IF REPLACEMENT OF THE FLUID IS NECESSARY,
CAREFULLY FOLLOW THE DIRECTIONS ON THE PACKAGE.
REMEMBER THAT THE FLUID IS POISONOUS AND CAUSTIC.
50
6.11 RAISING OR LOWERING THE FYRITE FLUID LEVEL
With the FYRITE vented and in the vertical position, it
should be possible to adjust the zero scale to the top of
the fluid column. If this is not possible, fluid should be
added or removed.
TO ADD FLUID: Hold the FYRITE upright, and press
plunger. Add clean tap water a few drops at a time.
TO REMOVE FLUID: See your FYRITE manual.
51
the
SECTION 7 - SERVICE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
7.1
CO 2 Control Calibration
7.2
37C Control Calibration
7.3
Replacing the C0 2 Sensor
7.4
Replacing the Triac
7.5
Replacing the CO2 Solenoid
7.6
Replacing the Temperature Control
7.7
Replacing Pilot Lights
7.8
Replacing the Circuit Breaker
7.9
Replacing the Power Switch
7.10 Replacing the Thermistors
7.11 Replacing the 0.3 Amp Fuse
CAUTION: SERVICING OF THE UNIT SHOULD BE PERFORMED BY
QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL ONLY.
52
7.1
C 0 2 CONTROL CALIBRATION
The adjustment will be necessary only under the following
conditions. DO NOT recalibrate the incubator for any other
reasons!
1)
After the C O 2 controller is replaced.
2)
After the C 0 2 sensor is replaced.
3)
If there is reason to believe that the controller has
previously been calibrated incorrectly.
TOOLS NEEDED:
1)
Calibration screwdriver
(provided).
2)
Circuit Board Extender Card.
3)
FYRITE C O 2 Analyzer(See Section 6.9 for proper usage).
CALIBRATION PROCEDURE
STEP l: STABILIZE THE INCUBATOR AT OPERATING TEMPERATURE AND
HUMIDITY WITH NO C O 2 IN THE CHAMBER.
1.1,TURN POWER OFF TO C 0 2 MODULE!
1.2 Remove the C O , Module, and insert the extender card
into card guides. Push extender card in firmly. Plug
C O 2 Module into the connector on the front of the
extender card.
CAUTION: TAKE CARE TO PLUG-IN THE MODULE RIGHT SIDE UP,
OTHERWISE DAMAGE WILL OCCUR TO THE CO 2 MODULE.
1.3 Turn OFF the C O 2 supply at the source.
1.4 Fill the humidity pan with sterile distilled water.
1.5 Turn unit on and allow the chamber temperature and
humidity to stabilize. This will take a minimum of 8
hours if the temperature setpoint has been recently
changed. Allow 3 days on initial start-up.
1.6 Turn the span pot counterclockwise 10 turns.
53
STEP 2: ADJUST THE ZERO POT
2.1 Using the small screwdriver mounted on the control
panel, adjust the CO2 control zero pot to read 00.0 on
the digital display.
2.2 Wait 5 minutes, and repeat as necessary until the
display is stable.
STEP 3: ADJUST THE SPAN POT
3.1 Turn ON the CO 2 at the supply.
3.2 Turn the CO, setpoint to the desired operating level.
Allow the C0 2 to stabilize at the desired level on the
readout and control (inject light will cycle) for a
minimum of 15 minutes.
3.3 Using a FYRITE or other measuring device, check the
CO 2 level in th<
the chamber until two consecutive
readings agree.
3.4 Turn the C0 2 setpoint to 0.0% to prevent CO 2 from
,being injected into the chamber during the adjustment.
3.5 Adjust the span pot so the digital display agrees with
the FYRITE reading.
3.6 Turn the setpoint back to the desired operating level
and allow the C0 2 to control and stabilize for a
minimum of 15 minutes.
3.7 Check the CO 2 in the chamber with a FYRITE or similar
device until two consecutive readings agree. If the
digital display is within plus or minus 1.0% of the
FYRITE reading, proceed to Step 4. If the reading is
not within plus or minus 1.0%, repeat steps 3.4
through 3.7.
STEP 4: RE-CHECK THE ZERO ADJUSTMENT
4.1 Turn OFF the CO 2 at the supply.
4.2 Open both doors wide for 45 seconds. Close the doors,
and allow a minimum of 30 minutes for the incubator to
stabilize and assure a zero C0 2 condition in the
chamber.
54
4.3 If the readout is greater than 00.4, repeat the door
opening for 15 seconds, and again allow the incubator
to stabilize for a minimum of 15 minutes. If the
display is not less than the previous reading, consult
the factory. If the display now reads 00.4 or less,
re-adjust the zero pot so the display reads 00.0.
STEP 5: CHECK THE C 0 2 AT THE DESIRED SETPOINT
5.1 Turn ON the C 0 2 at the supply.
5.2 Turn the C O 2 setpoint to the desired level.
5.3 Allow the incubator to reach setpoint and control for
a minimum of 30 minutes.
5.4 Check the CO2 with a FYRITE or similar device until
two consecutive readings agree. If the FYRITE and
display are not within 1.0%, consult the factory.
NOTE: After proper calibration the C O , display will be
more accurate than the FYRITE, Because the zero
adjustment was made using atmospheric conditions.
7.2
37C CONTROL RECALIBRATION
If the digital display indicates a temperature other than
37C when the chamber temperature has stabilized (temp
select switch set to 3 7 C ) , it may be necessary to
recalibrate the adjustment.
TO RECALIBRATE:
1)
Make a note of how much the display varies from 37C.
2)
Locate the 37°C recalibration adjustment set screw
between the 37°C slide switch and the temperature
adjustment knob.
3)
Using calibration screwdriver mounted on control
panel, adjacent to the sample port, turn the
calibration screw one turn clockwise for every half
degree that the display is below 37C. Turning the
screw counterclockwise will lower the temperature.
55
4)
Allow the temperature to stabilize, and check the
display again. If it still varies significantly,
repeat steps 1 through 3.
CAUTION: SERVICING SHOULD BE PERFORMED BY QUALIFIED
SERVICE PERSONNEL ONLY. DISCONNECT THE INCUBATOR
FROM THE POWER SOURCE BEFORE STARTING SERVICE
PROCEDURES.
7.3
7.4
REPLACING THE CO 2 SENSOR
1)
Turn the power switch "OFF" and disconnect the unit
from the power supply.
2)
Remove shelves, duct sheets, and blower channel from
the chamber.
3)
Locate CC>2 sensor in the center of the incubator
ceiling, and remove wing nuts. The sensor will drop
down.
4)
There is a clip that connects sensor wiring to
incubator wiring. To open the clip, pull out slightly
on the clip tab to release sensor.
5)
Remove the O-ring, and place it on the new sensor.
6)
Clip the new C 0 2 sensor onto the incubator wiring, and
return sensor to original opening. Be sure to tighten
wing nuts securely so the 0 ring seals properly.
7)
After the sensor has been replaced, recalibrate the
CO 2 controller according to instructions in Section
7.1.
REPLACING THE TRIAC
1)
Turn the power switch "OFF" and disconnect the unit
from the power supply.
2)
Remove the screws securing the right side access
panel. Remove panel and set aside.
3)
Remove two mounting screws that secure triac.
4)
Carefully disconnect wires to triac, and make note of
their configuration to insure proper connection to new
triac.
56
7.5
7.6
5)
Remove triac from unit. Note thermal compound between
base of triac and back of control panel housing. If
necessary, reapply more thermal compound before
installing new triac.
6)
Install the new triac by reversing the above
procedure. Be sure to install wiring in same
configuration as old triac.
REPLACING THE C 0 2 SOLENOID
1)
Turn the power switch "OFF" and disconnect the unit
from the power supply.
2)
Remove the screws securing the right side access
panel. Remove panel and set aside.
3)
Locate CO, solenoid in the upper rear of the control
panel, and disconnect tygon tubing attached to it.
Note how tubing is installed so that it can be
attached to new solenoid in same way.
4)
Remove the screws that hold the solenoid in place.
5)
Disconnect wiring to solenoid, making note of its
configuration.
6)
Remove solenoid, and replace with new solenoid, by
reversing above procedure. Be sure to connect wiring
and tubing as noted during removal of old solenoid.
Note the flow direction marked on solenoid.
REPLACING THE TEMPERATURE CONTROL
1)
Turn the power switch "OFF" and disconnect the unit
from the power supply.
2)
Remove the screws securing the right side access
panel. Remove panel and set aside.
3)
Remove temp control knob by loosening two Allen head
screws recessed in knob.
4)
Remove nut on shaft, then remove nut on back of panel
behind control knob.
5)
Remove wiring to temp control, and make note of its
configuration.
6)
Remove control, and replace it with new control by
reversing above procedure.
57
NOTE: It may be necessary to "pry-loose" the defective
control since it is secured with sticky tape. When
installing the new control remove cover from the
tape and align carefully into place.
7.7
7.8
REPLACING PILOT LIGHTS
1)
Turn the power switch "OFF" and disconnect the unit
from the power supply.
2)
Remove the screws securing the right side access
panel. Remove panel and set aside.
3)
Disconnect wiring behind defective light, and break
retaining clip loose. Remove pilot light.
4)
Insert the new pilot light from front, and install new
retaining clip.
5)
Rewire pilot light in same configuration as old light.
REPLACING THE CIRCUIT BREAKER
1) _Turn the power switch "OFF" and disconnect the unit
from the power supply.
2)
Remove the screws securing the right side access
panel. Remove panel and set aside.
3)
Remove nut securing circuit breaker to control panel.
4)
Remove the wiring, and note its configuration.
5)
Install new circuit breaker by reversing above
procedure.
58
7.9 REPLACING THE THERMISTOR
1)
Turn the power switch "OFF" and disconnect the unit
from the power supply.
2)
Remove the screws securing the top access panel.
Remove panel and set aside.
3)
Locate thermistors by lifting insulation in the front
left-hand corner top of the incubator. Remove silastic
around defective thermistor cable.
4)
Pull the defective thermistor out of the probe sheath.
5)
Cut wires to defective thermistor, making note of
their configuration.
6)
Attach new thermistor by use of electrical in-line
connectors.
7)
Install new thermistor by reversing above procedure.
Take care not to damage the probe tip, make sure that
the probe is fully inserted into the sheath. Also
RESEAL around cable with silastic or similar material.
7.10 REPLACING THE 0.3 AMP FUSE
The 3/10 amp fuse is located directly above the line cord,
and is labeled.
1)
Disconnect all power to the incubator.
2)
Remove the screws securing the side access panel.
Remove panel and set aside.
3)
Use a fuse puller, a small screwdriver, pry to lift
one end of fuse from clip. Grasp fuse and remove from
holder. Discard fuse.
NOTE: Use fuse puller carefully. Use of a puller on small
fuses can result in breakage of the glass fuse
barrel.
4)
Insert a new 0.3 Amp fuse into holder and press ends
into clips.
NOTE: 3/10 Amp fuses have very fine elements. Continuity
test fuse before installation to be sure element is
intact.
59
5)
Reinstall the right side access panel.
6)
Connect power to incubator. Turn "POWER" switch to
"ON" and check operation of controls.
60
SECTION 8 - SPECIFICATIONS
Table of Contents
8.1
Capacity
8.2
Weight
8.3
Dimensions
8.4
Construction
8.5
Shelves
8.6
Alarm/Monitor Module
8.7
C0 2 Module
8.8
Temperature Control
8.9
Heaters
8.10 Blower
8.11 Fittings
8.12 Electrical Characteristics
8.13 Performance Data
61
SECTION 8 - SPECIFICATIONS
Models 3546/3548
8.1
CAPACITY
Chamber Capacity: 5.7 Cubic Feet 0.16 Cubic Meters
Water Jacket Volume: 12.9 Gallons 49 Liters
Humidity Reservoir Capacity: 1.46 Gallons 5.5 Liters
Humidity Pan Capacity: 6.375 Liters
8.2
WEIGHT
Net Weight Without Water: Approx. 180 lbs.
Approx. 81.6 kgs.
Net Weight With Water: Approx. 267.5 lbs.
Approx. 121.3 kgs.
Shipping Weight (Motor): 270 lbs. Nominal
122 kg Nominal
8.3
DIMENSIONS
Exterior: 31.2" W
79.2 cm
Interior: 26.8" H
68.0 cm
8.4
x
W
x
H
36.1" H x
x 91.7 cm
18.6" W x
x 47.2 cm
23.8" F-B
H x 60.4 cm F-B
18.8" D
W x 47.7 cm D
CONSTRUCTION
Exterior: 18 Ga. Cold Rolled Steel
Interior: 20 Ga. Stainless Steel Type 304 2-B Finish
Insulation: 1-1/2" Fiberglass
Inner Door Gasket: Silicone
Outer Door Gasket: 4 Sided Molded Magnetic Vinyl
Finish: Powder Coated
Bristol Gray & Windsor Blue Trim
63
8.5
SHELVES
Capacity: 22 (5 Provided)
Dimensions: 17.75" W x 17.75" D
45.2 cm W x 45.2 cm D
Construction: 18 Ga. Electropolished Stainless Steel
Type 304
Usable Shelf Area (per shelf): 2.2 Square Feet
Usable Shelf Area (maximum): 48.4 Square Feet
Flatness: +/- 0.032" Off Horizontal Plane
Clearance: Adjustable on 1" Centers
8.6
ALARM/MONITOR MODULE
Sensor: Thermistor
Control Sensitivity: +/- 0.1 Degree C
Readout: LCD
Setpoint: Digital W/Screwdriver Adjust
Readability: 0.1 Degree C
Accuracy: +/- 0.2 Degrees C
Alarm Setability: 0.1 Degree C
8.7
CO 2 MODULE
Sensor: Matched Thermistors
Controller: Thermal Conductivity
Sensitivity: +/- 0.1% C0 2
Readout: LCD
Setpoint: Digital with Screwdriver Adjust
Readability: 0.1% CO 2
Accuracy: 0.1% CO,
Alarm Differential & Delay: +/- 1% (nominal) for longer
than approx. 4 minutes
Supply Voltage: +/- 15V
8.8
TEMPERATURE CONTROL
Sensor: Thermistor
Controller Type: Proportional, Zero-Switching
Range: 0 to 60 Degrees C
Sensitivity: +/- 0.05 Degrees C
8.9
HEATERS
Chamber: 260 Watts
Door: 5 Watt Continuous, 120 Watt Cycled
Top: 6 Watts
64
8.10 BLOWER
CFM: 7.5
Wheel Material: Polypropylene
Motor: 1/200 HP, 3000 RPM, 2 Pole
Externally Mounted, Internally Removable
8.11 FITTINGS
Fill & Drain Fitting: 1/4" FPT
Access Port: 1.250" Plugged
CO, Connection: 1/4" Serrated Fitting
1/4" I.D. Tubing
Sample Port: 1/4" O.D.
1/4" I.D. Tubing
8.12 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Main: 90-130 VAC, 50/60 Hz, 4 FLA
Circuit Breaker: 5 Amps
Power Switch: 2 Pole
MODEL 3548:
Main: 180-260 VAC, 50/60 HZ, 1.9 FLA
Circuit Breaker: 5 Amps
Power Switch: 2 Pole
8.13 PERFORMANCE DATA
Temperature
Range: 5 Degrees C above ambient to 60 Degrees C
Control Tolerance: +/-0.02 Degrees C at 37 Degrees C
in 72 Degrees F ambient
co 2
Range: 0 to 20%
Control Tolerance: Better than +/- 0.1%
Consumption § 5% CO 2 : 1.7 Liters/Hr. + 7 . 2 Liters/15 Sec.
Door Opening
* - to within 1/2 degree C
** - to 4.5% CO 2 (setpoint 5% C0 2 )
*** - to 97% RH
65
9.1
AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT
1)
ELECTROPOLISHED STAINLESS STEEL SHELF
The perforated shelf is square for easy installation.
22 shelf capacity. Catalog # 224140
2)
TISSUE CULTURE SHELVES
These 11" x 16" stainless steel shelves for culture
dishes are designed for stacking to increase incubator
storage space. Minimum order of 6 shelves. Catalog #
500171
3)
FYRITE C O 2 ANALYZER KIT
For checking chamber C 0 2 (0-20%) level in the chamber.
Connects to the gas sample port on the control panel.
Kit comes complete with aspirator, sampling tube, and
carrying case. Catalog # 220012
4)
EXTRA FYRITE FLUID
For replacing Fyrite tester fluid. Three bottles per
carton. Catalog # 220051
5) . DIGITAL THERMOMETER
Hand-held, the size of a pocket calculator, it features
clear liquid crystal readout of temperature from -99.9
to +99.9 degrees C. Ideal for general laboratory use.
Catalog # 853227
6)
TWO STAGE PRESSURE REGULATOR
Controls C 0 2 cylinder gas pressure. First stage reduces
tank pressure to pre-set intermediate level. Second
stage reduces pressure to recommended incubator inlet
pressure. Permits stable C 0 2 flow on high or low demand
through the entire cylinder supply. Catalog # 965010
7)
C 0 2 GAS GUARD
For use with automatic C 0 2 incubators only. Protects
dual tank C 0 2 supply by automatically switching to
another tank when
one supply is exhausted. Audible
alarm warns of tank depletion; reset button silences
the alarm. Manual tank switch-over included.
Model # 3030.
66
8)
REPLACEMENT C 0 2 FILTER
Disposable 99.97% Microbiological filter to replace the
inline CO, filter when it becomes clogged.
Catalog # 770001
9)
DISINFECTION KIT
Includes parts needed for improved disinfection of the
incubator. Includes disposable blower wheel, 0 ring for
the CO, sensor, and motor mounting gasket.
Catalog # 190247
10) LABORATORY DISINFECTANT
ColdSpore™ Concentrate (4 bottles) Catalog/ 130043
ColdSpore™ (spray bottles) Catalog/ 130045
11) HUMIDITY PAN
This humidity pan is made of stamped (seam-free) 304
stainless steel and will hold 6.375 quarts (6 liters)
of water. Cleaning and decontamination is very easy due
to the coved corners and seamless construction. Catalog
# 237001
12)' HYGROMETER
For measuring chamber humidity. This instrument has a
4" dial and a range of 0 to 100% rh. Catalog # 155010
13) GLASS THERMOMETER
For independently measuring chamber temperature. Range
from 0 to 100 degrees C. Catalog # 285722
67
8ECTI0N 10 - PARTS LIST
PARTS LIST
STOCK #
DESCRIPTION
770001
250085
300164
431142
400296
230094
280004
280006
111008
285379
100071
227175
231011
231142
231047
290027
CO, Disposable Filter
C 0 2 Solenoid 12VDC, 3W
Overtemp Relay
Gasket, Magnetic
Silicon Feather Gasket
Fuse .3A (Slow-Blow Type)
#312 Green Pilot Light
#312 Amber Pilot Light
Clip, Mounting, Pilot Light
25A Triac
Blower Wheel
Blower Motor
Alarm/Monitor Module
CO 2 Control Module
Temperature Control
IK, Thermistor Cable
68