INSTALLATION & OPERATION GUIDE
ALDERLEA CAST IRON WOOD STOVE
MODEL ALTS.BODYL.S
SAFETY NOTICE
If this stove is not properly installed, a house fire may result. For your safety,
follow the installation instructions. Contact local building or fire officials about
restrictions and installation inspection requirements in you area.
TESTED and LISTED to
CAN/ULC S627 AND UL 1482
Meets the Environmental Protection Agency’s
July 1990 Particulate Emission Standards
081206-20 ALTS.BODYL.S
5055.202
Contents
Safety and Maintenance .....................................................................................3
Creosote .......................................................................................................................4
Formation and Need for Removal ........................................................................4
Chimney Fires ......................................................................................................4
Avoiding a Chimney Fire ......................................................................................4
In Case of a Chimney Fire ....................................................................................5
Appliance Dimensions ........................................................................................5
Installation – Residential ...................................................................................6
Clearances – Residential .....................................................................................6
Minimum Clearances to Combustibles – Residential ...........................................6
Chimney and Connector.......................................................................................7
Double-Wall Connector ........................................................................................8
Single-Wall Connector..........................................................................................8
Installation Procedure ...........................................................................................8
Installation – Mobile Home ...............................................................................9
Clearances – Mobile Home ..................................................................................9
Minimum Clearances to Combustibles – Mobile Home ........................................9
Listed Chimney and Chimney Connector for Mobile Home Installation ............. 10
Installation Procedure ......................................................................................... 10
Floor Protector ....................................................................................................... 11
Combustion Air ...................................................................................................... 11
Operation ................................................................................................................... 12
Wood Selection .................................................................................................. 12
How to Test Your Wood ....................................................................................... 12
Lighting for the First Time ................................................................................... 13
Lighting a Fire .................................................................................................... 13
Normal Operation ............................................................................................... 13
Restarting After Extended or Overnight Burns ................................................... 14
More Wood, More Heat ...................................................................................... 14
Proper Draft ........................................................................................................ 14
Ash Removal ...................................................................................................... 14
Disposal of Ashes............................................................................................... 14
Baffle Removal........................................................................................................ 15
Removal ............................................................................................................. 15
Optional Blower ..................................................................................................... 15
Blower Operation ............................................................................................... 15
APPENDIX A
Troubleshooting .................................................................................................... 16
Replacement Parts .............................................................................................. 17
Understanding & Operating Your Pacific Energy Stove ................ 18
Label ........................................................................................................................... 19
PLEASE SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
081206-20 ALTS.BODYL.S
2
Safety and Maintenance
1.
Burn only dry and well seasoned wood. The denser or heavier the wood when dry, the
greater its heat value. This is why hardwoods are generally preferred. Green or wet
wood will cause a rapid buildup of creosote. If you feel it is necessary to burn wet or
unseasoned wood, do so only with the air inlet set open enough to maintain a good
strong fire and fairly high chimney temperatures. Do not attempt to burn overnight using green wood or wet wood. Wet wood will reduce heat output, as well as contributing
significantly to creosote buildup.
WARNING:
Never use chemicals or any other volatile
liquid to start a fire. Do not burn garbage,
or flammable fluids such as gasoline,
naptha, or engine oil. We strongly
recommend that smoke detectors be
installed.
2. Remove ashes frequently and only when cold. Too much ash could cause embers to
roll out the door when it is opened. This may pose a fire hazard. For proper operatrion,
maintain a 1" minimum ash base.
3. If glass becomes darkened through slow burning or poor wood, it can readily be cleaned
with fireplace glass cleaner when stove is cold. Never scrape with an object that might
scratch the glass. The type and amount of deposit on the glass is a good indication of
the flue pipe and chimney buildup. A light brown dusty deposit that is easily wiped off
usually indicates good combustion and dry, well-seasoned wood and therefore relatively
clean pipes and chimney. On the other hand, a black greasy deposit that is difficult to
remove is a result of wet and green wood and too slow a burning rate. This heavy deposit
is building up at least as quickly in the chimney.
WARNING:
Only use materials supplied by
manufacturer when doing maintenence
or replacements.
4. DOOR GASKETS - The gasket used by Pacific Energy (5/16" medium density fiberglass
rope) requires only light pressure to seal. This will prolong seal life. It is important that
the door seal be maintained in good condition. Periodically inspect seals and replace
if necessary. Follow instructions included in the door gasket kit obtainable from your
nearest Pacific Energy dealer.
5. DOOR GLASS - Do not slam loading door or otherwise impact glass. When closing door,
make sure that no logs protrude to impact the glass. If the glass gets cracked or broken,
it must be replaced before using the stove. Replacement glass can be obtained from
your dealer. Use 11-3/8" x 17-1/4" x 5 mm ceramic glass only. Do not substitute with
any other type.
To remove broken glass, undo the four retaining screws and remove clamps, noting position
for re-assembly. Remove all particles of glass. Be careful as they are very sharp. Install new
glass complete with gasket. Replace frame, clamps and screws.
CAUTION:
• do not overtighten, tighten screws very
carefully
• do not clean glass when hot
• do not use abrasive cleaners on glass
6. The area where boost combustion air enters the firebox must be kept clear of excessive
ash buildup which will block air flow. This area is at the front of the firebox.
7.
Do not store wood within heater installation clearances, or within the space required for
fuel loading and ash removal. Keep the area around the heater clean and free of loose
combustibles, furniture, newspapers, etc.
N AT I O N A L
FIREPLACE
INSTITUTE
8. If the heater requires cleaning, use mild soap and water only. Use of abrasive cleaners
will void warranty.
9. Establish a routine for fuelling and firing the heater. Check daily for creosote buildup until
experience shows how often you need to clean the chimney to be safe.
10. Be aware that the hotter the fire, the less creosote is deposited. Weekly cleaning may
be necessary in mild weather, even though monthly cleaning is usually enough in the
coldest months when burning rates are higher.
11. Instruct all members of your family on the safe operation of the heater. Ensure they have
enough knowledge of the entire system if they are expected to operate it. Stress the
section on chimney fires and the importance of following the steps outlined "In Case of
Chimney Fire".
081206-20 ALTS.BODYL.S
3
CERTIFIED
We recommend that
our woodburning hearth
products be installed and
serviced by professionals
who are certified in the
U.S. by the National
Fireplace Institute® (NFI)
as NFI woodburning
Specialists or who are
certified in Canada by
Wood Energy Technical
Training (WETT).
Wood Energy
Technical Training
Creosote
Formation and Need for Removal
When wood is burned slowly, it produces tar and other organic vapours, which combine with
expelled moisture to form creosote. The creosote vapours condense in the relatively cool
chimney flue of a slow burning fire. As a result, creosote residue accumulates on the flue
lining. When ignited, this creosote makes an extremely hot fire.
The chimney connector and chimney should be inspected periodically (at least once every
two months) during the heating season to determine if a creosote buildup has occurred. If
creosote has accumulated (3 mm. or more), it should be removed to reduce the risk of a
chimney fire.
1.
Highest smoke densities occur when a large amount of wood is added to a bed of hot
coals and the air inlet is closed. The heated wood generates smoke, but without ample
air, the smoke cannot burn. Smoke-free, clean burning requires small fuel loads, two
or three logs at a time or 1/4 to 1/2 of fuel load and leaving the air inlet relatively wide
open, especially during the first 10 to 30 minutes after each loading, when most of the
smoke generating reactions are occurring. After 30 minutes or so, the air inlet can be
turned down substantially without excessive smoke generation. Wood coals create very
little creosote-producing smoke.
2. The cooler the surface over which the wood smoke is passing, the more creosote will
be condensed. Wet or green wood contributes significantly to creosote formation as the
excess moisture that is boiled off cools the fire, making it difficult for the tars and gases
to ignite, thus creating dense smoke and poor combustion. This moisture-laden smoke
cools the chimney, compounding the problem by offering the smoke the ideal place to
condense.
In summary, a certain amount of creosote is inevitable and must be lived with. Regular
inspection and cleaning is the solution. The use of dry, seasoned wood and ample
combustion air will help to minimize the buildup.
Chimney Fires
A chimney fire can result from excess creosote buildup. During a chimney fire temperatures
can exceed 2000° F, causing much higher than normal temperatures both inside the chimney and on the exterior surfaces. This elevation in temperature can pose an ignition risk to
nearby combustible material. Proper clearances are critical during such a fire.
Chimney fires are easy to detect; they usually involve one or more of the following:
•
•
•
Flames and sparks shooting out of the top of the chimney
A roaring sound
Vibration of the chimney
Avoiding a Chimney Fire
There are two ways to avoid chimney fires:
1.
Do not let creosote build up to a point where a chimney fire is possible.
2. Do not have fires in the heater that may ignite chimney fires. These are hot fires, such
as when burning household trash, cardboard, Christmas tree limbs, or even ordinary
fuel wood; (e.g. with a full load on a hot bed of coals and with the air inlet excessively
open.)
081206-20 ALTS.BODYL.S
4
In Case of a Chimney Fire
1.
Prepare to evacuate to ensure everyone’s safety. Have a well understood plan of action
for evacuation. Have a place outside where everyone is to meet.
2. Close the stove door and air control fully.
3. Call local fire department. Contact your local municipal or provincial fire authority for
further information on how to handle a chimney fire. It is most important that you
have a clearly understood plan on how to handle a chimney fire.
4.
Have a fire extinguisher handy.
5. Have a well understood plan of action for building evacuation in case of fire,
including a meeting place outside.
6. After the chimney fire is out, the chimney must be cleaned and checked for stress and
cracks before starting another fire. Also check combustibles around the chimney and
the roof.
We recommend that our woodburning hearth products be installed and serviced by
professionals who are certified in the U.S. by the National Fireplace Institute® (NFI) as
NFI woodburning Specialists or who are certified in Canada by
Wood Energy Technical Training (WETT).
Appliance Dimensions
Fig #1
28 7/16"
25 1/2"
10 1/8"
29 1/16"
28 11/16"
081206-20 ALTS.BODYL.S
5
Installation – Residential
Warning:
Under no circumstances is this heater to be installed in a makeshift or "temporary" manner.
It may be fired only after the stove is installed properly.
•
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO CONNECT THIS HEATER TO ANY AIR DISTRIBUTION
DUCT.
•
We recommend that our woodburning hearth products be installed and serviced by
professionals who are certified in the U.S. by the National Fireplace Institute® (NFI) as
NFI woodburning Specialists or who are certified in Canada by Wood Energy
Technical Training (WETT).
•
Outside combustion air or fresh air into the room may be required in your area, consult
local building codes (see Combustion Air section).
Clearances – Residential
1.
This heater may be installed using a single-wall connector (smoke pipe) or listed doublewall connector (see Mobile Home installation).
2. Clearances to combustible surfaces and materials using single-wall connector are shown
in Fig #2.
Clearances may be reduced with various heat insulating materials. Consult local fire
codes and authorities for approval.
3. Alternately, for close clearances, use a listed double-wall connector.
See Fig #2a.
Fig #2
Minimum Clearances to Combustibles – Residential
11"
12"
22"
SINGLE WALL
CONNECTOR
25"
18"
30"
11"
Fig #2a
5"
15"
DOUBLE WALL
CONNECTOR
20"
14"
10"
18"
4"
16"
26"
16"
28"
4"
ALCOVE:
Min. Height 7 1/2 feet
Max. Depth 4 feet
081206-20 ALTS.BODYL.S
6
Chimney and Connector
Connect to a listed chimney or a chimney suitable for use with solid fuel that is lined and
in good condition and meets local building codes. The chimney flue size should be the
same as the stove outlet for optimal performance. Reducing or increasing the flue size may
adversely affect stove performance. Chimney flue exit is to be 3 feet (1 m) above roof and
two feet (0.6 m) above highest projection within 10 feet (3 m). The installation must meet all
local codes. Do not connect this unit to a chimney flue serving another appliance. Minimum
system height is 15 feet (4.6 m) (measured from base of appliance).
Fig #3
SPARK ARRESTOR
RAIN CAP
CHIMNEY
3' (914 mm)
MINIMUM
STORM COLLAR
RADIATION SHIELD
The chimney may incorporate an
offset. To do this safely, all sections
of listed connector, offset elbows
and chimney section must be
screwed together by at least three
sheet metal screws per joint. The
chimney must be suitably supported
by the chimney manufacturer's
listed offset support.
ROOF FLASHING
CHIMNEY SUPPORT
MINIMUM 7' (2100 mm)
CEILING HEIGHT
55" (1400 mm)
MINIMUM
48"
(1219 mm)
CHIMNEY CONNECTOR
NON-COMBUSTIBLE
FLOOR PROTECTOR
HOODED VENT OR
90º ELBOW TURNED
DOWN
* 4" diameter air inlet with rodent screen
* If the crawl space is well ventilated it is not
necessary to extend air inlet to outside
081206-20 ALTS.BODYL.S
7
Double-Wall Connector
•
•
Use a listed double-wall connector.
Install all components to the chimney connector manufacturer's installation requirements.
Single-Wall Connector
Smoke pipe must be:
•
As short and straight as possible, use six inch diameter, 24 gauge black pipe that is
clean and in new condition.
•
Secured at every joint and collar with 3 sheet metal screws.
•
Installed with the crimped or male ends pointing down. This will carry any liquid creosote
or condensation back into the stove.
•
The chimney connector shall not pass through an attic, roof space, closet or similar concealed space, floor, or ceiling. Where passage through a wall, or partition of combustible
material is desired, the installation shall conform to CAN/CSA-B365, Installation Code
for Solid-Fuel-Burning Appliances and Equipment.
Installation Procedure
1.
If a listed chimney and double-wall connector is to be connected to the stove, install all
components to the chimney manufacturer's installation requirements. (Outside combustion air may be required, consult local building codes. See Combustion Air section.)
2. If it is desirable to use smoke pipe in conjunction with the insulated chimney,
see step 4.
3. If a roof or ceiling support is used in the installation, you will find the chimney manufacturer's complete instructions packed with the roof support.
4. To start installing smoke pipe (chimney connector), slip crimped edge of the pipe inside
the stove collar. Use holes provided in collar to secure pipe with two screws.
5. Install the remaining lengths of pipe one on top of the other to the finished height of the
chimney connector and secure to each other.
081206-20 ALTS.BODYL.S
8
Installation – Mobile Home
Warning:
Under no circumstances is this heater to be installed in a makeshift or "temporary" manner.
It may be fired only after the following conditions have been met.
•
•
DO NOT CONNECT THIS UNIT TO A CHIMNEY FLUE SERVING ANOTHER
APPLIANCE.
DO NOT INSTALL IN A SLEEPING ROOM.
Outside air supply must be used for Mobile Home installations see Figure #3, Page 7.
We recommend that our woodburning hearth products be installed and serviced by
professionals who are certified in the U.S. by the National Fireplace Institute® (NFI) as
NFI woodburning Specialists or who are certified in Canada by Wood Energy Technical
Training (WETT).
Clearances – Mobile Home
This heater must be installed with listed double-wall connector and compatible chimney
system listed on page 10.
Clearances to combustible surfaces and materials are shown below in Figure #4.
Clearances may be reduced with various heat insulating materials. Consult local fire
codes and authorities for approval.
NOTE: Longer chimney lengths and different pitch flashings may be used. All other parts
listed must be installed (see Figure #3, Page 7). Install all components to the connector or
chimney manufacturer's installation requirements. Consult your chimney supplier for installation advice.
Fig #4
Minimum Clearances to Combustibles – Mobile Home
DOUBLE WALL CONNECTOR
8"
8"
18"
22"
16"
28"
8"
081206-20 ALTS.BODYL.S
9
Installation Procedure
CAUTION: THE STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY OF THE MOBILE HOME FLOOR, WALL AND
CEILING/ROOF MUST BE MAINTAINED.
Note: See "Combustion Air" section on page 12
1.
Position stove and floor protection with hole for combustion air in accordance with the
clearances as stated on the label and in Figure #4.
2. Mark the position for the hole in the ceiling and roof by using a string and plumb-bob.
3. Check that the intended location will not interfere with floor joists, ceiling joists or rafters
before proceeding further.
4. Cut a hole in the ceiling and roof to suit the chimney system and frame in the sides. The
chimney support is mounted to the framing.
5. Assemble chimney sections so the finished length is resting on the support and protruding through the roof. Avoid having joints between ceiling and roof. Install radiation
shield. Assemble flashing and storm collar and be sure to maintain the vapour barrier
at this point. (Seal securely.) Attach rain cap and check flashing for leaks.
6. Install connector as per manufacturer's instructions.
7.
To attach stove to floor, first remove the leveling bolts from the legs. Then attach stove
to flooring using two 1/4" x 2" or longer lag screws through the leveling bolt holes.
Listed Chimney and Chimney Connector for Mobile Home Installation
This appliance, when installed in a Mobile Home, must be installed with:
A. One of the following 6" double-wall connector systems:
1. Security Model DL or DC
5. Metal Fab Model DW
2. Oliver MacLeod Model PV
6. Ameri-Tec Model DBSP
3. Energy Vent
7. Industrial Chimney Model Excel Ultra-Black
4. Selkirk Metalbestos Model DS
8. Simpson Dura-Vent Model DVL
B. As well as one of the following compatible chimney systems - All parts 6":
CANADA ONLY:
Security
S2100
Pro-Jet
H.T.3000
ICC
Selkirk
Energy Vent
Excel 2100 Sentinal CF Commander 5000
Ceiling support
Rafter radiation shield
3' Chimney length
2' Chimney length
Roof flashing
Storm collar
Spark arrestor rain cap
XSF
SF
CF-CSP
CH6LCS
XL3
XL2
XFA
XSC
XCPE
FCS
RRS
SL3
SL2
RF17
SC
RCSA
L3
L2
FA
SC
CPE
CF-36SL
CF-24
CF-FRA
CF-SC
CF-SA,CT
CH636
CH624
CH6TCF
CH6SC
CH6RC, SS
USA ONLY:
Security
S2100
Pro-Jet
H.T.3000
Security
ASHT
Pro-Jet
HT3103
Metalbestos MetalFab
SSII
2100
Ameritech
TEC HS
ICC
Simpson Dura-Vent
Excel 103HT Dura/Plus Dura Tech
Ceiling support
Rafter radiation shield
3' Chimney length
2' Chimney length
Roof flashing
Storm collar
Spark arrestor rain cap
XSF
FCS
RRS
SL3
SL2
RF17
SC
RCSA
SF
FCS
RRS
SL3
SL2
RF
SC
RCSA
T-SFA
T-JSMH
T-36
T-24
T-SFA
T-SC
T-CT
6PL-CS
RDS/SQS
SDP-SB
SDP-SB
HS 36
HS 24
8RFFU
PL-ASCG
6PL-MPC
CL48
CL24
VF
SC
RCS
SDP-P
SDP-P
SDP-F
SDP-SC
SDP-C
SDT-P
SDT-P
SDT-F
SDT-SC
SDT-C
XL3
XL2
XFA
XSC
XCPE
L3
L2
FA
SC
CPE
TGCSP
TGRS
TG3
TG2
TGF
TGSC
TGC
081206-20 ALTS.BODYL.S
10
Floor Protector
Canada Only
Minimum Width - 40"
Minimum Overall Depth - 50 1/2"
U.S.A. Only
Minimum Width - 34"
Minimum Overall Depth - 40 1/2"
In Canada: 18" (457 mm) on the firing side
and 8" (203 mm) to the other sides. See
Figure #5 on left.
8" [203mm]
In USA: 16" (406 mm) to the front and 8" (203
mm) to the sides of the fuel loading door opening. See Figure #6 on right. This protection
is also required under the chimney connector
and 2" (51 mm) beyond each side.
18" [457mm]
16" [406mm]
Non-combustible floor protector
Non-combustible floor protector
Combustion Air
Intake or combustion air can be supplied to the stove in one of two ways. Consult your local
building code or CAN/CSA-B365, Installation Code for Solid-Fuel-Burning Appliances and
Equipment before proceeding.
1.
Fig #6
8" [203mm]
8" [203mm]
8" [203mm]
The stove may be installed on a combustible
floor provided noncombustible ember protection is used.
This protection must extend as follows:
Outside air supply - (Necessary for mobile home installation, optional for residential
installation.) To draw outside air through the floor. Cut or drill a 4" diameter hole directly
below the bottom knockout hole of the ash box enclosure. Connect enclosure to the floor
with a short 4" diameter pipe.
This hole must get its air from a ventilated crawl space or be extended with duct to
the outdoors (see Figure #3, Page 8). The use of outside combustion air for residential
installation requires the unit to be secured to the structure to prevent dislodging of the
air duct. Outside air may also be ducted from outside through the 4" diameter knockout
hole in the ash box enclosure. If this method of supplying combustion air is used in
conjunction with the optional blower kit, an outside air adaptor may be required (see
Optional Blower section).
Note: This unit is not designed to be operated with the firing door open. In addition to the
obvious hazard of sparks landing on combustibles, an open fire door will cause the
heater to draw air from the living space and possibly cause suffocation.
2. Room air supply - Remove the 4" knockout from the ash box enclosure. The stove will
now draw its air from the room through this opening and into the firebox
intake.
Note: The living space around the heater must be well ventilated with good air circulation.
Anything that may cause a negative pressure can cause gases or fumes to be pulled
into the living area. During extremely cold weather, and especially when burning at very
slow rates, the upper parts of the exposed chimney may ice up, partially blocking the
flue gases. If blockage occurs, flue gases may enter living space.
081206-20 ALTS.BODYL.S
11
8" [203mm]
Fig #5
Operation
CAUTION:
Never use gasoline, gasoline type lantern fuel, kerosene, charcoal lighter fluid or similar
liquids to start or "freshen up" a fire in this heater. Keep all such liquids well away from the
heater while it is in use.
CAUTION:
Hot while in operation. Keep children, clothing and furniture away. Contact may
cause skin burns.
Your PACIFIC ENERGY heater is designed for maximum overall efficiency at a moderate firing
rate. Overfiring is hazardous and a waste of fuel. Too slow a burn contributes to creosote
buildup and lowers combustion efficiency.
Wood Selection
This heater is designed to burn natural wood only. Higher efficiency and lower emissions
generally result when burning air-dried seasoned hardwoods, as compared to softwoods or
too green or freshly cut hardwoods.
Wood should be properly air dried (seasoned) for six months or more. Wet or undried wood
will cause the fire to smoulder and produce large amounts of creosote. Wet wood also produces very little heat and tends to go out often.
DO NOT BURN :
•
•
•
•
•
•
Salt water wood *
Treated wood
Wet or green wood
Coal/charcoal
Garbage/Plastic *
Solvents
* These materials contain chlorides which will rapidly destroy metal surfaces and
void warranty.
Do not burn anything but wood. Other fuels (eg. charcoal) can produce large amounts of
carbon monoxide, a tasteless, odourless gas that can kill. Under no circumstances should
you attempt to barbecue in this heater.
How to Test Your Wood
Add a large piece of wood to the stove when it has a good large bed of coals. It is dry if it
is burning on more than one side within one minute. It is damp if it turns black and lights
within three minutes. If it sizzles, hisses and blackens without igniting in five minutes it is
soaked and should not be burnt.
081206-20 ALTS.BODYL.S
12
Lighting for the First Time
Curing of the Paint Finish
To achieve the best finish, the paint on your stove must be baked on. When burning your
stove for the first 2-3 times it is very important that the room be well ventilated. Open all
windows and doors. Smoke and fumes caused by the curing process may cause discomfort
to some individuals.
Lighting a Fire
WARNING: Never use chemicals or any other volatile liquid to start a fire.
1.
Adjust air control to maximum firing position (left position) and open door.
2. Place crumpled newspaper in the centre of the heater and criss-cross with several pieces
of dry kindling. Add a few small pieces of dry wood on top.
3. Ignite the paper and close the door.
4. After the fire has established itself, open the door and add a few small logs. Close the
door.
5. Begin normal operation after a good coal base exists and wood has charred.
Normal Operation
1.
Set air control to a desired setting. If smoke pours down across the glass (waterfall
effect) this indicates you have shut the control down too soon or you are using too low
a setting. The wide range control panel makes finding the desired setting for your application easy. As every home's heating needs vary (based on insulation, windows,
climate, etc.) the proper setting can only be found by trial and error and should be noted
for future burns.
2. To refuel, adjust air control to high, and give the fire time to brighten. Open the door
slowly, this will prevent backpuffing.
3. Use wood of different shape, diameter and length (up to 18"). Load your wood endwise
and try to place the logs so that the air can flow between them. Always use dry wood.
4. Do not load fuel to a height or in such a manner that would be hazardous when opening
the door.
5. For extended or overnight burns, unsplit logs are preferred. Remember to char the wood
completely on maximum setting before adjusting air control for overnight burn.
WARNING: Always keep loading door closed when burning.This heater is not designed
for open door burning.
WARNING: No alteration or modification of the combustion air control assembly is
permitted. Any tampering will void warranty and could be very hazardous.
WARNING: Do not use grates or andirons to elevate the fuel. Burn directly on the
fire bricks. Replace broken or missing bricks. Failure to do so may create a hazardous condition.
081206-20 ALTS.BODYL.S
13
Restarting After Extended or Overnight Burns
1.
DO NOT OVERFIRE THIS HEATER:
Attempts to achieve heat output rates that
exceed heater design specifications can
result in permanent damage to the heater
and chimney.
Open door and rake hot embers towards the front of the heater. Add a couple of dry,
split logs on top of embers, close door.
2. Adjust air control to high (left position) and in just a few minutes, logs should begin
burning.
3. After wood has charred, reset air control to desired setting.
4. To achieve maximum firing rate, set control to high (left position). Do not use this setting
other than for starting or preheating fresh fuel loads.
More Wood, More Heat
Seasoned wood has approximately 7500 BTU's per pound. If you put 10 pounds of wood
in your stove for an eight hour burn the wood will be producing 9375 BTU's per hour. (7500
BTU x 10 lbs./8hrs.=9375 BTU's per hr.) If you put 20 lbs of wood in your stove for eight hour
burn you will get 18,750 BTU's per hr. (7500 BTU x 20lbs./8hr.=18,750 BTU's per hr.). This
is only an example and is based on 100% efficiency. In reality, your stove should perform in
the 70% efficiency range.
Experience will give you the right settings for proper combustion and efficient burning. Remember the correct air inlet setting is affected by variables such as type of wood, outside
temperature, chimney size and weather conditions. With practice, you will become proficient
in operating your heater and will obtain the performance for which it was designed.
Proper Draft
1.
Draft is the force which moves air from the appliance up through the chimney. The amount
of draft in your chimney depends on the length of the chimney, local geography, nearby
obstructions and other factors.
2. Too much draft may cause excessive temperatures in the appliance. An uncontrollable
burn or a glowing red stove part or chimney indicates excessive draft.
3. Inadequate draft may cause backpuffing into the room and plugging of the chimney.
Smoke leaking into the room through appliance and chimney connector joints indicates
inadequate draft.
Ash Removal
Caution: Ashes are to be removed only when the heater is cold.
Whenever ashes get 3 to 4 inches deep in your firebox, and when fire has burned down
and cooled, remove excess ashes. Leave an ash bed approximately 1" (25 mm) deep on
the firebox bottom to help maintain a hot charcoal bed.
Do not burn with ash dump door open.
Doing so will create a hazardous
condition. Always leave about 1" of ash
when cleaning.
Ash Cleanout System: The ash dump handle is located under the ash lip on the left hand
side. To operate ash dump, pull handle out 1/2" and turn clockwise. This will unlock the ash
dump and allow it to open. Hold handle open while pulling ashes into the opening. Avoid
large embers as these still contain heat value. Release handle and push in to lock. Ensure
ash dump door is properly engaged. Fill the cavity with the remaining ash level with the
firebox floor. Pull out ashpan and discard ashes into metal container. Replace ashpan and
ensure it is seated properly.
Disposal of Ashes
Ashes should be placed in a metal container with a tight fitting lid. The closed container of
ashes should be placed on a non-combustible floor or on the ground, well away from all
combustible materials, pending final disposal. If the ashes are disposed of by burial in soil
or otherwise locally dispersed, they should be retained in closed container until all cinders
have thoroughly cooled. Other waste should not be placed in this container.
081206-20 ALTS.BODYL.S
14
Baffle Removal
Chimney connector pipe should be disconnected from stove to clean and inspect.
Only if this is not possible should you remove baffle assembly.
DO NOT OPERATE WITH BAFFLE ASSEMBLY OR
INSULATION REMOVED.
Removal
Remove retaining pin at the back top of the firebox, just under the baffle. Lift baffle
up and pull forward to disconnect from the supply tube. Tilt baffle sideways to drop
down and remove from firebox. Inspect gasket between baffle and supply tube. If
necessary, replace with gasket #139.5 available from your Pacific Energy dealer.
Re-install baffle assembly in reverse order. The two side pieces of insulation must
be tight against the siderails.
Optional Blower
The optional blower kit (kit #WODC.BLOW) is equipped with a three prong power
cord and may be installed at any time. Follow installation instructions supplied with
the kit. Route power supply cord away from heater.
Electrical rating: 115 volts A.C.- 0.84 amps.
Fan output rating: 125 CFM
Blower Operation
Proper blower speed matched with air control setting will ensure peak performance
from your stove. Operate as follows:
• Air control set to low (right position), operate blower speed control on "Low".
• Air control set between low and high (middle position), operate blower
speed control at desired setting.
Automatic: To operate the blower automatically, set the rocker switch on the side
of the fan housing to "Auto" and set the speed control to desired setting. This will
allow the fan to turn on as the stove heats up to operating temperature. It will also
shut the blower off after the fire has gone out and the unit cooled to below a useful
heat output range.
Manual: To manually operate the blower, set the rocker switch to "Man" and set
the speed control to desired setting. This will bypass the sensing device and allow
full control of the blower.
Switching from "Auto" to "Man" or selecting speed may be done anytime.
081206-20 ALTS.BODYL.S
15
APPENDIX A
Troubleshooting
Problem
Cause
Cure
Glass is Dirty
1. Wood is wet
• Use dry wood
2. Turning down air control
or damper too soon
• Do not turn down until
a) there is a good bed of coals
b) the wood is charred
3. Draft too low
• Improper chimney height and / or
diameter, consult dealer
• Chimney plugged or restricted,
check flue
• Provide outside air for combustion
4. Door gasket leakage
• Replace gasket
• Check latch for proper operation
Excessive Creosote Buildup
See 1,2,3, above.
See 1,2,3, above.
Low Heat Output
1. Wood is wet
2. Fire too small
3. Draft too low
• Use dry wood
• Build a larger fire
• Chimney plugged or restricted,
inspect and clean
Won't Burn Overnight
1. Air control is set too high
2. Not enough wood
• Set air control lower
• Unsplit wood is preferred for
overnight burns
• Excessive chimney height and/or
diameter
• Use good quality, dry wood
3. Draft too high
4. Poor quality or wet wood
Wood Won't Burn
1. Combustion air supply blocked
• Check outside air supply for
obstruction
• Check that room air cover is
removed
2. Draft too low
• Chimney plugged or restricted,
inspect and clean
• Chimney oversized or otherwise
unsuitable, consult Dealer
081206-20 ALTS.BODYL.S
16
Replacement Parts
#1
#2
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
#9
BAFFLE KIT .......................................................................... SSER.DBAKIT
BRICK RAILS (2).................................................................SSER.41220022
FLAME SHIELD .......................................................................... SSER.4115
DOOR ASSEMBLY .............................................................. ALTS.4690MBK
FIREBRICK SET ..................................................................... BRIC.SSERA
SIDE CASTING MBK (2) .................................................. ALTS.4695/6MBK
TOP GRILL (2).................................................................. ALTS.4698/9MBK
ASH DUMP ASSEMBLY ............................................................ WODC.2261
LEG CASTING (4) ............................................................... ALTS.4697MBK
ALL OTHER PARTS NOT INCLUDED IN ABOVE KITS ARE NOT SOLD SEPARATELY
7a
#6
#7
7b
6a
1a
#1
1b
1d
20
22
#2
21
13
1c
11
12
14
#3
15
16
17
6b
#6
4f
#4
4e
4a
19
4d
4b
18
#8
4c
#5
5a
#9
#1 BAFFLE KIT
1a ...BAFFLE
1b ...SIDE INSULATION
1c....BAFFLE PIN
1d ...BAFFLE GASKET
10
5d
5b
5c
#2 BRICK RAILS
#3 FLAME SHIELD
#4 DOOR ASSEMBLY
4a ...DOOR HANDLE
4b ...DOOR CASTING MBK
4c ....HINGE PIN & BRASS BUSHING
4d ...DOOR GASKET
4e ...GLASS
4f ....GLASS CLAMPS (4)
#5 FIREBRICK SET
5a ...FIREBRICK - 1 1/2” x 4 1/2” x 1 1/4” (1)
5b ...FIREBRICK - 4” x 4 1/2” x 1 1/4” (1)
5c ....FIREBRICK - 7 1/4” x 4 1/2” x 1 1/4” (1)
5d ...FIREBRICK - 9” x 4 1/2” x 1 1/4” (16)
#6 SIDE CASTING MBK
6a ...LH SIDE CASTING
6b ...RH SIDE CASTING
#7 TOP GRILL
7a ...LH TOP GRILL MBK
7b ...RH TOP GRILL MBK
#8 ASH DUMP ASSEMBLY
#9 LEG CASTING (4)
081206-20 ALTS.BODYL.S
17
10....BOOST MANIFOLD
11 ....DOOR CATCH
12....DOOR WASHER
13....DOOR CROWN
14....DOOR ADJUST PLATE (2)
15....ASHLIP CASTING MBK
16....FIRE BOX
17....AIR SHUTTER ASSEMBLY
18....LEG ADAPTER
19....ASH PAN ASSEMBLY
20 ...TOP CASTING
21 ...REAR SHIELD
22 ...AIR DEFLECTOR
Understanding & Operating Your
Pacific Energy Stove
The Pacific Energy ALDERLEA line of woodstoves is a culmination of years of research and development. Designed to be efficient, cleanburning and user-friendly, this heater will give you years of warm service. However, a knowledgeable operator is still the most important
factor for maximum performance and part of this is understanding the basic functions of this design.
Traditional wood stoves had a basic combustion system which allowed a considerable
amount of heat energy to escape up the chimney as unburned gases and particulates
(smoke). Pacific Energy has designed a system that solves the problem by burning
the smoke and releasing the additional heat to the room.
This system has two critical design features:
1. Above fire secondary air injection:
The hollow "air baffle" injects
super-heated secondary air
just above the load. With the
stove at the proper operating
temperature, this will create a
secondary flame that will be
evident for approximately 1/3
of the total burn time.
F
E
2. High mass and thermal
insulation:
The high mass (weight) acts
as a heat storage and the
thermal insulation keeps the
combustion zone hot. Active
flaming takes place during the
first part of the burn. During
this stage, heat is stored in the
mass of the unit and is later
released slowly and evenly.
As wood chars, active flaming
will diminish. This clean charcoal
burning stage will last for a considerable length of time and refuelling should
be avoided until the charcoal base has
become quite small.
C
D
F
B
A
OPERATING TIPS
1. Always use dry, seasoned firewood, up to 18" long.
Load wood endwise, a mixture of large and small pieces,
on top of a good ash base (1" minimum).
A
B
C
D
E
F
2. Operate on a medium to high setting, for up to 1 hour from
cold start. After the initial warm up period, refuel and leave the
air control on a medium setting for 5 to 10 minutes more and then
set the air control to the desired position.
BOOST AIR
MAIN COMBUSTION AIR
AIR-WASH SYSTEM
SECONDARY COMBUSTION AIR
RADIANT HEAT
CONVECTION HEAT
3. If a slow burn is desired, set the air control to low. Active secondary burning should be present above the wood load. If it is not present
or goes out shortly after, proper operating temperature has not been reached and the stove needs additional warm up time.
081206-20 ALTS.BODYL.S
18
Label
081206-20 ALTS.BODYL.S
19
PACIFIC ENERGY FIREPLACE PRODUCTS LTD.
Phone: 1-888-715-2398
Web site: http://www.pacificenergy.net
2975 Allenby Rd., Duncan, BC V9L 6V8
PRINTED IN CANADA
Download PDF