SHW-IS Rev T_2000017192_100161683 (DWV Fittings

SHW-I-S_100161683_2000017192_Rev T
Installation & Service
Manual
Models: SNR126-065, SNR151-100,
SNR201-100, SNA151-100, SNA201-100,
SNA286-125, SNA401-125, AND SNA501-125
WARNING: If the information in these instructions
is not followed exactly, a fire or explosion may result
causing property damage, personal injury or death.
-- Do not store or use gasoline or other flammable vapors and
liquids in the vicinity of this or any other appliance.
-- WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
• Do not try to light any appliance.
• Do not touch any electrical switch; do not use any phone
in your building.
• Immediately call your gas supplier from a near by phone.
Follow the gas supplier’s instructions.
• If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the fire
department.
-- Installation and service must be performed by a qualified
installer, service agency, or the gas supplier.
 WARNING
This manual must only be used by
a qualified heating installer / service
technician. Read all instructions in
this manual before installing. Perform
steps in the order given. Failure to
comply could result in severe personal
injury, death, or substantial property
damage.
Save this manual for future reference.
Contents
PLEASE READ BEFORE PROCEEDING ...................... 3
Hazard Definitions ...................................................... 3
THE SHIELD -- HOW IT WORKS ............................... 4-6
RATINGS ......................................................................... 7
1. DETERMINE WATER HEATER LOCATION
Closet and Alcove Installations ........................................ 8
Provide Clearances .......................................................... 8
Flooring and Foundation ................................................ 10
Remove Water Heater from Wood Pallet ...................... 10
Prevent Combustion Air Contamination ......................... 10
Using an Existing Vent System to Install a New Water
Heater............................................................................. 11
Removing Water Heater From Existing Common Vent . 11
Combustion & Ventilation Air Requirements ............ 12-14
2. GENERAL VENTING
Direct Venting Options ................................................... 15
Install Vent and Combustion Air Piping ......................... 16
Requirements for Installation in Canada ........................ 17
Sizing ............................................................................. 17
Min./Max. Combustion Air & Vent Piping Lengths .......... 17
Materials .......................................................................... 18
Optional Room Air .......................................................... 19
PVC/CPVC ..................................................................... 20
Polypropylene................................................................. 21
Stainless Steel Vent ....................................................... 22
3. SIDEWALL DIRECT VENTING ....................
23-32
4. VERTICAL DIRECT VENTING............................ 33-36
5. SYSTEM PIPING
General Piping ............................................................... 37
Scalding .................................................................... 37
Water Chemistry ....................................................... 38
Piping Components ........................................................ 38
Piping Diagrams .................................................. 39-41
6. GAS CONNECTIONS
Connecting Gas Supply Piping ...................................... 42
Natural Gas .................................................................... 43
Pipe Sizing for Natural Gas ...................................... 43
Natural Gas Supply Pressure Requirements ........... 43
Propane Gas .................................................................. 43
Pipe Sizing for Propane Gas .................................... 43
Propane Supply Pressure Requirements ................. 43
Check Inlet Gas Supply ............................................ 44-45
Gas Pressure ................................................................. 45
Gas Valve Replacement ................................................ 45
7. FIELD WIRING
Low Voltage Connections .............................................. 46
Enable Switch ................ ................................................ 46
Louver Relay Output / Louver Proving Switch Input...... 46
Power Cord Connection ................................................ 46
Runtime Contacts .......................................................... 46
Alarm Contacts .............................................................. 46
2
8. CONDENSATE DISPOSAL
Condensate Drain ............................................................ 49
9. START-UP
Check for Gas Leaks ....................................................... 50
Inspect/fill Condensate System ........................................ 50
Final Checks Before Starting the Water Heater.......... 50-53
10. OPERATING INFORMATION
How the Water Heater Operates...................................... 54
Temperature Control ........................................................ 54
Protection Features .......................................................... 54
Water Heater Temperature Regulation ............................ 55
Adjustable Control Parameters ................................... 55-56
The Shield Control Module .............................................. 57
11. MAINTENANCE
Maintenance and Annual Startup ..................................... 58
Address Reported Problems ...................................... 59
Inspect Water Heater Interior ..................................... 59
Clean Condensate Trap ............................................. 59
Check All Piping for Leaks.......................................... 59
Flue Vent System and Air Piping................................ 59
Check Water System .................................................. 59
Check Expansion Tank ............................................... 60
Check Water Heater Relief Valve ............................... 60
Inspect Ignition & Flame Sense Electrodes................ 60
Check Ignition Ground Wiring..................................... 60
Check All Water Heating Wiring ................................. 60
Check Control Settings ............................................... 60
Perform Startup & Checks .......................................... 60
Check Burner Flames ................................................. 61
Check Flame Signal ................................................... 61
Review with Owner ..................................................... 61
Handling Ceramic Fiber Materials .............................. 61
Cleaning Heat Exchanger ...................................... 61-62
Oiled Bearing Circulators ............................................ 62
Magnesium Anode Rod Inspection............................. 62
12. TROUBLESHOOTING
Before Troubleshooting .................................................... 63
Troubleshooting Chart - No Display ........................... 64
Checking Temperature Sensors ................................. 65
Troubleshooting Chart - Noisy System ....................... 66
Troubleshooting Chart - Fault Messages
Displayed ............................................................... 67-72
Combustion Analysis Procedure ...................................... 73
Gas Valve Adjustment Procedure .................................... 74
13. DIAGRAMS
Ladder Diagram ............................................................... 75
Wiring Diagram................................................................. 76
Installation & Service Manual
Please read before proceeding
Hazard definitions
The following defined terms are used throughout this manual to bring attention to the presence of hazards of various risk levels
or to important information concerning the life of the product.
 DANGER
DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious
injury.
 WARNING
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious
injury.
 CAUTION
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor or
moderate injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION used without the safety alert symbol indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, may result in property damage.
NOTICE
NOTICE indicates special instructions on installation, operation, or maintenance that are important but not
related to personal injury or property damage.
 WARNING
Installer – Read all instructions, in this
manual before installing. Perform steps in
the order given.
Have this water heater serviced/inspected
by a qualified service technician, at least
annually.
Failure to comply with the above could result
in severe personal injury, death or substantial
property damage.
NOTICE
 WARNING
When calling or writing about the water
heater – Please have the water heater model
and serial number from the water heater
rating plate.
Consider piping and installation when
determining water heater location.
Any claims for damage or shortage in
shipment must be filed immediately against
the transportation company by the consignee.
Factory warranty (shipped with unit) does
not apply to units improperly installed or
improperly operated.
Failure to adhere to the guidelines on this
page can result in severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
 WARNING DO NOT install units in rooms or
environments that contain corrosive
contaminants (see Table 1A on page 10).
Failure to comply could result in severe
personal injury, death, or substantial
property damage.
When servicing the water heater –
• To avoid electric shock, disconnect electrical supply
before performing maintenance.
• To avoid severe burns, allow the water heater to cool
before performing maintenance.
 WARNING
If the information in these instructions is
not followed exactly, a fire or explosion
may result causing property damage,
personal injury or death
-- Do not store or use gasoline or other
flammable vapors and liquids in the
vicinity of this or any other appliance.
-- WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
• Do not try to light any appliance.
• Do not touch any electrical switch; do
not use any phone in your building.
• Immediately call your gas supplier
from a near by phone. Follow the
gas supplier’s instructions.
• If you cannot reach your gas supplier,
call the fire department.
-- Installation and service must be
performed by a qualified installer,
service agency, or the gas supplier.
Water heater operation –
• Do not block flow of combustion or ventilation air to
the water heater.
• Should overheating occur or gas supply fail to shut off,
do not turn off or disconnect electrical supply to
circulator. Instead, shut off the gas supply at a location
external to the appliance.
• Do not use this water heater if any part has been under
water. The possible damage to a flooded appliance can
be extensive and present numerous safety hazards. Any
appliance that has been under water must be replaced.
3
Installation & Service Manual
The Shield - How it works...
1.
Access cover - front
Provides access to the gas train, heat exchanger and controls.
2.
3.
20. Ignition electrode
Allows for the connection of the PVC air intake pipe to the
water heater.
21. Line voltage junction box
Air pressure switch
Air shroud (501-125 Model Only_Not Shown)
The air shroud directs air and gas flow into the blower.
5.
Blower
The blower pulls in air and gas through the venturi
(item 32). Air and gas mix inside the blower and are pushed into
the burner, where they burn inside the combustion chamber.
6.
Burner (not shown)
Made with metal fiber and stainless steel construction, the
burner uses pre-mixed air and gas and provides a 5 to 1 firing
rate.
7.
Condensate drain connection
Connects the condensate drain line to 1/2" PVC.
8.
Electronic Control Module
The electronic control responds to internal and external signals
and controls the blower, gas valve, and pump to meet the
demand.
9.
This sensor monitors heat exchanger outlet water temperature.
Air intake adapter
The air pressure switch detects blocked inlet conditions.
4.
19. Heat exchanger outlet temperature sensor
Electronic display
The electronic display consists of 4 buttons, and a liquid crystal
display. The display is used to make adjustments and read
water heater status.
10. Flame inspection window (not shown)
The quartz glass window provides a view of the burner
surface and flame.
11. Flame sensor
Used by the control module to detect the presence of burner
flame.
12. Flue gas sensor (not shown)
This sensor monitors the flue gas exit temperature. The control
module will modulate and shut down the water heater if the
flue gas temperature gets too hot. This protects the flue pipe
from overheating.
13. Gas connection pipe
Threaded pipe connection, either 1/2", 3/4", or 1",
depending on the model. This pipe should be connected
to the incoming gas supply for the purpose of delivering
gas to the water heater.
14. Gas shutoff switch (151-100 - - 286-125 Models Only)
An electrical switch designed to cut power from the gas valve to
prevent gas flow to the burner.
15. Gas shutoff valve (401-125 -- 501-125 Models Only)
Manual valve used to isolate the gas valve from the gas supply.
16. Gas valve
The gas valve senses the negative pressure created by the
blower, allowing gas to flow only if the gas valve is powered and
combustion air is flowing.
17. Heat exchanger access cover
Allows access to the combustion side of the heat exchanger
coils.
18. Heat exchanger inlet temperature sensor
This sensor monitors the inlet water temperature to the heat
exchanger.
4
Provides direct spark for igniting the burner.
The junction box contains the connection points for the line
voltage power.
22. Low voltage connection board
The connection board is used to connect external low voltage
devices.
23. Low voltage wiring connections (knockouts)
Conduit entryway for the low voltage connection board.
24. Power cord
The power cord allows for quick connection to 120V supply.
25. Pump
Circulates water between the tank and the heat exchanger.
26. Pump relay
Switches power to the pump.
27. Relief valve
Protects the heat exchanger from over pressure and
temperature conditions. The relief valve is set at 150 PSI.
28. Stainless steel heat exchanger
Allows water to flow through specially designed coils for
maximum heat transfer, while providing protection against
flue gas corrosion. The coils are encased in a jacket that
contains the combustion process.
29. Tank sensor
Used by the control to monitor the temperature of the tank.
30. Pump access panel
Panel used to gain access to the pump and condensate trap;
also used to gain access to the outlet water sensor on Models
286-125 -- 501-125 only.
31. Vent pipe connection
Allows for the connection of the vent pipe system to the water
heater.
32. Venturi
The venturi controls air and gas flow into the burner.
33. Water heater drain valve
Location from which the water heater can be drained.
34. Water inlet
Copper sweat connection for cold water supply that returns
water from the system to the heat exchanger, either 1-1/2" or 2",
depending on the model.
35. Water outlet
Copper sweat connection that supplies hot water to the
system, either 1-1/2" or 2", depending on the model.
36. Over-temp switch (286-125 --501-125 Models Only)
An electrical switch designed to shut down water heater
operation in the event the outer back of the heat exchanger,
directly above the flue connection exceeds 604°F (318°C).
This is a one time switch and could warrant a heat exchanger
replacement. Check the integrity of the rear refractory at the
back of the upper coil if the switch opens.
37. Burner door temperature switch (Models 286-125 - 501-125
Only)
An electrical switch designed to shut down water heater
operation in the event the combustion chamber access cover
exceeds 500°F (260°C). This switch may only be reset by a
qualified service technician AFTER the underlying cause has
been identified and corrected. Check the integrity of the front
refractory on the inside of the combustion chamber access
cover if the switch opens.
Installation & Service Manual
The Shield - How it works...
(continued)
Models 126-065 -- 201-100
23
2
24
35
13
31
1
27
34
7
30
9
IMG00461
29
IMG00461
33
Front View - Models 126-065 -- 201-100
Rear View - Models 126-065 -- 201-100
28
18
24
13
20
11
21
22
19
35
2
16
32
14
3
5
3
25
21
7
17
26
9
8
9
IMG00461
IMG00461
Left Side (inside unit) -- Models 126-065 -- 201-100
33
Right Side (inside unit) -- Models 126-065 -- 201-100
5
Installation & Service Manual
The Shield - How it works...
Models 286-125 -- 401-125
15
24
2
23
35
27
31
1
28
34
36
19
18
7
25
35
26
22
8
21
20
11
17
13
16
32
14
5
9
3
IMG00461
IMG00461
29
33
Rear View - Models 286-125 -- 401-125
Right Side (inside unit) - Models 286-125 -- 401-125
Model 501-125
24
15
2
35
23
27
31
1
28
36
22
26
34
35
8
21
37
19
18
20
17
11
7
25
9
13
16
32
14
5
3
29
IMG00461
Rear View - Model 501-125
6
33
IMG00461
Right Side (inside unit) - Model 501-125
Installation & Service Manual
Ratings
HLW
Model Number
CSA
Note: Change “N”
to “L” for L.P. gas
models.
Input Modulation Btu/hr
(Note 2)
Min
Water Content
Gallons
LOW LEAD CONTENT
Water
Connections
Gas
Connections
Max
Vent/Air Size
(Note 1,4)
SNR126-065
25,000 - 125,000
68
1-1/2"
1/2"
3"
SNR151-100
30,000 - 150,000
91
1-1/2"
1/2"
3"
SNA151-100
30,000 - 150,000
91
1-1/2"
1/2"
3"
SNR201-100
40,000 - 200,000
91
1-1/2"
1/2"
3"
SNA201-100
40,000 - 200,000
91
1-1/2"
1/2"
3"
SNA286-125
57,000 - 285,000
116
2"
3/4"
4"
SNA401-125
80,000 - 400,000
117
2"
1"
4"
SNA501-125
100,000 - 500,000
117
2"
1"
4"
NOTICE
Maximum allowed working pressure is located on the rating plate.
Notes:
1. Shield water heaters require special gas venting. Use
only the vent materials and methods specified in the
Shield Installation and Service Manual.
2. Standard Shield water heaters are equipped to operate
from sea level to 4,500 feet only with no adjustments.
The water heater will de-rate by 4% for each 1,000 feet
above sea level up to 4,500 feet.
3. High altitude Shield water heaters are equipped to
operate from 3,000 to 12,000 feet only. The water
heater will de-rate by 2% for each 1,000 feet above sea
level. High altitude models are manufactured with a
different control module for altitude operation, but the
operation given in this manual remains the same as the
standard models. A high altitude label (as shown in
FIG. A) is also affixed to the unit.
Derate values are based on proper combustion
calibration and CO2’s adjusted to the recommended
levels.
4. The Shield 286-125 model can be alternatively vented
using a 3" vent/air size. If the 3" vent/air size is used,
the maximum vent/air pipe lengths are limited to 60
equivalent feet each.
UNIT EQUIPPED FOR
HIGH ALTITUDE
3,000 FT. TO 12,000 FT.
IMG00462
Figure A High Altitude Label Location
7
Installation & Service Manual
1
Determine water heater location
Installation must comply with:
• Local, state, provincial, and national codes, laws,
regulations, and ordinances.
• National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1 – latest edition.
• National Electrical Code.
• For Canada only: B149.1 Installation Code, CSA C22.1
Canadian Electrical Code Part 1 and any local codes.
NOTICE
The Shield water heater gas manifold
and controls met safe lighting and other
performance under tests specified in
ANSI Z21.10.3 – latest edition.
Before locating the water heater, check:
1.
2.
3.
Check for nearby connection to:
• Water piping
• Venting connections
• Gas supply piping
• Electrical power
Locate the appliance so that if water connections should
leak, water damage will not occur. When such locations
cannot be avoided, it is recommended that a suitable
drain pan, adequately drained, be installed under the
appliance. Under no circumstances is the manufacturer
to be held responsible for water damage in connection
with this appliance, or any of its components.
Check area around the water heater. Remove any
combustible materials, gasoline and other flammable
liquids.
 WARNING
Failure to keep water heater area clear and
free of combustible materials, gasoline,
and other flammable liquids and vapors
can result in severe personal injury, death,
or substantial property damage.
4. The Shield water heater must be installed so that gas
control system components are protected from dripping
or spraying water or rain during operation or service.
 WARNING
8
This appliance is certified as an indoor
appliance. Do not install the appliance
outdoors or locate where the appliance will
be exposed to freezing temperatures or to
temperatures that exceed 100°F.
Do not install the appliance where the
relative humidity may exceed 93%. Do not
install the appliance where condensation
may form on the inside or outside of the
appliance, or where condensation may fall
onto the appliance.
Failure to install the appliance indoors
could result in severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
This appliance requires a special venting
 WARNING system. The vent connection to the
appliance must be made with the CPVC
pipe section provided with the appliance.
The field provided vent fittings must
be cemented to the CPVC pipe section.
Use only the vent materials, primer and
cement specified in this manual to make
the vent connections. Failure to follow
this warning could result in fire, personal
injury, or death.
Closet and alcove installations
A closet is any room the water heater is installed in which is
less than 433 cubic feet for 126-065 and 201-100 models and
638 cubic feet for the 286-125 through 501-125 models.
An alcove is any room which meets the criteria for a closet
with the exception that it does not have a door.
Example: Room dimensions = 6 feet long, 6 feet wide, and
9 foot ceiling = 6 x 6 x 9 = 324 cubic feet. This would be
considered a closet for a Shield Water Heater.
 WARNING
For closet and alcove installations as
shown in FIG.’s 1-1 and 1-2, CPVC or
stainless steel vent material must be used
inside the structure. The ventilating air
openings shown in FIG.’s 1-1 and 1-2 are
required for this arrangement. Failure to
follow this warning could result in fire,
personal injury, or death.
Provide clearances:
Clearances from combustible materials
1. Hot water pipes—at least 1/4" from combustible materials.
2. Vent pipe – at least 1" from combustible materials.
3. See FIG.’s 1-1 and 1-2 on page 9 for other clearance
minimums.
Clearances for service access
1. See FIG.’s 1-1 and 1-2 on page 9 for recommended
service clearances. If you do not provide the minimum
clearances shown, it may not be possible to service the
water heater without removing it from the space.
Installation & Service Manual
1
Determine water heater location
Figure 1-1 Closet Installation - Minimum Required Clearances
(continued)
For closet installations, CPVC,
polypropylene or stainless steel
vent material MUST BE used in
a closet structure due to elevated
temperatures. Failure to follow
this warning could result in fire,
personal injury, or death.
 WARNING
1/4" (6.35 MM)
MINIMUM CLEARANCE
AROUND HOT WATER PIPES
1" (25.4 MM)
MINIMUM CLEARANCE
AROUND VENT PIPE
6"
TOP
0”
VENTILATING
AIR OPENING
CLOSED DOOR
VENTILATING
AIR OPENING
6"
REAR
RECOMMENDED SERVICE
CLEARANCES:
0”
0”
RIGHT
FLOOR COMBUSTIBLE
FRONT
0”
0”
LEFT
AREA OF EACH OPENING:
1 SQ. INCH PER 1000 BTU PER HOUR INPUT
WITH A MINIMUM OF 100 SQ. INCHES
2000527287 00
Figure 1-2 Alcove Installation - Minimum Required Clearances

1/4" (6.35 MM)
MINIMUM CLEARANCE
AROUND HOT WATER PIPES
1" (25.4 MM)
MINIMUM CLEARANCE
AROUND VENT PIPE
TOP
Top
18" (457 mm)
Left/Right Side - 24" (610 mm)
Front 24" (610 mm)
WARNING
For alcove installations, CPVC,
polypropylene or stainless steel
vent material MUST BE used
in an alcove structure due to
elevated temperatures. Failure to
follow this warning could result
in fire, personal injury, or death.
0”
OPEN FRONT
RECOMMENDED SERVICE
CLEARANCES:
REAR
0”
Top
18" (457 mm)
Left/Right Side - 24" (610 mm)
Front 24" (610 mm)
0” RIGHT
FLOOR COMBUSTIBLE
FRONT
0”
0”
LEFT
2000527287 00
9
Installation & Service Manual
1
Determine water heater location
Table 1A Corrosive Contaminants and Sources
Flooring and foundation
Products to avoid:
Flooring
Spray cans containing chloro/fluorocarbons
The Shield water heater is approved for installation on
combustible flooring, but must never be installed on carpeting.
Permanent wave solutions
Chlorinated waxes/cleaners
 WARNING
Chlorine-based swimming pool chemicals
Calcium chloride used for thawing
Sodium chloride used for water softening
Do not install the water heater on carpeting
even if foundation is used. Fire can result,
causing severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
When local codes require compliance with NSF 5, the heater
must be sealed to the floor with a food grade silicone to prevent
debris and harborage of vermin under the heater.
Refrigerant leaks
Paint or varnish removers
If flooding is possible, elevate the water heater sufficiently to
prevent water from reaching the water heater.
Hydrochloric acid/muriatic acid
Remove water heater from wood pallet
Cements and glues
1. Remove the sides and the top of the crate.
Antistatic fabric softeners used in clothes dryers
2. Remove the blocks on the base of the crate to allow for
easier removal.
Chlorine-type bleaches, detergents, and cleaning solvents
found in household laundry rooms
Adhesives used to fasten building products and other similar
products
Areas likely to have contaminants
Dry cleaning/laundry areas and establishments
Swimming pools
Metal fabrication plants
Beauty shops
Refrigeration repair shops
Photo processing plants
Auto body shops
Plastic manufacturing plants
Furniture refinishing areas and establishments
New building construction
Remodeling areas
Garages with workshops
10
3. The water heater can then be slid off the base of the crate for
installation.
Do not drop the water heater or bump the
NOTICE
jacket on the floor or pallet. Damage to the
water heater can result.
Prevent combustion air contamination
Install air inlet piping for the Shield water heater as described
in this manual. Do not terminate vent/air in locations that can
allow contamination of combustion air. Refer to Table 1A, for
products and areas which may cause contaminated combustion
air.
 WARNING
Ensure that the combustion air will not
contain any of the contaminants in Table
1A. Contaminated combustion air will
damage the water heater, resulting in
possible severe personal injury, death or
substantial property damage. Do not pipe
combustion air near a swimming pool, for
example. Also, avoid areas subject to exhaust
fumes from laundry facilities. These areas
will always contain contaminants.
Installation & Service Manual
1
Determine water heater location
When using an existing vent system to
install a new water heater:
When removing a water heater from
existing common vent system:
Failure to follow all instructions can result
 WARNING in flue gas spillage and carbon monoxide
emissions, causing severe personal injury
or death.
 DANGER
Check the following venting components before installing:
• Material - For materials listed for use with this appliance,
see Section 2 - General Venting. For polypropylene or
stainless steel venting, an adapter of the same
manufacturer must be used at the flue collar connection.
• Size - To ensure proper pipe size is in place, see Table 2A.
Check to see that this size is used throughout the vent
system.
• Manufacturer - For a stainless steel or polypropylene
application, you must use only the listed manufacturers
and their type product listed in Tables 2E and 2G for CAT
IV positive pressure venting with flue producing
condensate.
• Supports - Non-combustible supports must be in place
allowing a minimum 1/4" rise per foot. The supports
should adequately prevent sagging and vertical slippage,
by distributing the vent system weight. For additional
information, consult the vent manufacturer’s
instructions for installation.
• Terminations - Carefully review Sections 2 through 4 to
ensure requirements for the location of the vent and air
terminations are met and orientation of these fit the
appropriate image from the Sidewall or Vertical
options listed in the General Venting Section. For
stainless steel vent, only use terminations listed in Table
2H for the manufacturer of the installed vent.
• Seal - With prior requirements met, the system should be
tested to the procedure listed in parts (c) through (f) of
the Removal of an Existing Water Heater Section, this
page.
With polypropylene and stainless steel vent, seal and connect
all pipe and components as specified by the vent manufacturer
used; with PVC/CPVC vent, see the Installing Vent or Air
Piping Section on page 20.
If any of these conditions are not met,
 WARNING the existing system must be updated
or replaced for that concern. Failure to
follow all instructions can result in flue gas
spillage and carbon monoxide emissions,
causing severe personal injury or death.
(continued)
Do not install the Shield water heater
into a common vent with any other
appliance. This will cause flue gas spillage
or appliance malfunction, resulting in
possible severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
Failure to follow all instructions can result
 WARNING in flue gas spillage and carbon monoxide
emissions, causing severe personal injury
or death.
At the time of removal of an existing water heater, the
following steps shall be followed with each appliance
remaining connected to the common venting system placed
in operation, while the other appliances remaining connected
to the common venting system are not in operation.
a. Seal any unused openings in the common venting system.
b. Visually inspect the venting system for proper size and
horizontal pitch and determine there is no blockage
or restriction, leakage, corrosion, or other deficiencies,
which could cause an unsafe condition.
c.
Test vent system – Insofar as is practical, close all
building doors and windows and all doors between the
space in which the appliances remaining connected to the
common venting system are located and other spaces of
the building. Turn on clothes dryers and any appliance
not connected to the common venting system. Turn on
any exhaust fans, such as range hoods and bathroom
exhausts, so they will operate at maximum speed. Do not
operate a summer exhaust fan. Close fireplace dampers.
d. Place in operation the appliance being inspected.
Follow the lighting instructions. Adjust thermostat so
appliance
will operate continuously.
e.
Test for spillage at the draft hood relief opening after
5 minutes of main burner operation. Use the flame of a
match or candle, or smoke from a cigarette, cigar, or pipe.
f.
After it has been determined that each appliance
remaining connected to the common venting system
properly vents when tested as outlined herein, return
doors, windows, exhaust fans, fireplace dampers, and any
other gas-burning appliance to their previous conditions
of use.
g. Any improper operation of the common venting system
should be corrected so the installation conforms with the
National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54 and/or
CAN/CSA B149.1, Natural Gas and Propane Installation
Code. When resizing any portion of the common
venting system, the common venting system should be
resized to approach the minimum size as determined
using the appropriate tables in Part 11 of the National
Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA and/or CAN/CSA
B149.1, Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code.
11
Installation & Service Manual
1
Determine water heater location
Maintain minimum specified clearances for adequate
operation. All installations must allow sufficient space for
servicing the vent connections, water pipe connections,
piping and other auxiliary equipment, as well as the appliance.
1.
If air is taken directly from outside the building
with no duct, provide two permanent openings to
the equipment room (see FIG. 1-3):
(a) Combustion air opening, with a minimum free area of
one square inch per 4000 Btu/hr input (5.5 cm2 per
KW). This opening must be located within 12" (30 cm)
of the bottom of the enclosure.
Multiple appliances may be installed in a modular water
heater installation. Multiple appliances may be installed
side by side with no clearance between adjacent appliances
because this appliance is approved for zero clearance from
combustible surfaces.
(b) Ventilation air opening, with a minimum free area of
one square inch per 4000 Btu/hr input (5.5 cm2 per
kW). This opening must be located within 12" (30 cm) of
the top of the enclosure.
Consult the Venting section of this manual for specific
installation instructions for the appropriate type of venting
system that you will be using.
Combustion
and
ventilation
air
requirements for appliances drawing air
from the equipment room
Provisions for combustion and ventilation air must be in
accordance with Air for Combustion and Ventilation, of the
latest edition of the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1, in
Canada, the latest edition of CGA Standard B149 Installation
Code for Gas Burning Appliances and Equipment, or
applicable provisions of the local building codes.
The equipment room MUST be provided with properly sized
openings to assure adequate combustion air and proper
ventilation.
Figure 1-4_Combustion Air Through Ducts
2.
Figure 1-3_Combustion Air Direct from Outside
12
If combustion and ventilation air is taken from the
outdoors using a duct to deliver the air to the
equipment room, each of the two openings should be
sized based on a minimum free area of one square inch
per 2000 Btu/hr (11 cm2 per kW) of input (see FIG. 1-4).
Installation & Service Manual
1
Determine water heater location
(continued)
IF NECESSARY FOR
TIGHT CONSTRUCTION
Figure 1-6_Combustion Air from Outside - Single Opening
Figure 1-5_Combustion Air from Interior Space
3.
If air is taken from another interior space, each of the
two openings specified above should have a net free
area of one square inch for each 1000 Btu/hr (22 cm2
per kW) of input, but not less than 100 square inches
(645 cm2) (see FIG. 1-5).
Model
Number
126-065
151-100
201-100
286-125
401-125
501-125
4.
If a single combustion air opening is provided to bring
combustion air in directly from the outdoors, the opening
must be sized based on a minimum free area of one square
inch per 3000 Btu/hr (7 cm2 per kW). This opening must
be located within 12" (30 cm) of the top of the enclosure
(see FIG. 1-6).
TABLE - 1B
MINIMUM RECOMMENDED COMBUSTION
AIR SUPPLY TO EQUIPMENT ROOM
FIG. 1-3
FIG. 1-4
FIG. 1-5
*Outside Air from
*Outside Air from
**Inside Air from
2 Openings Directly from
2 Ducts Delivered from
2 Ducts Delivered from Interior
Outdoors
Outdoors
Space
Top
Bottom
Top
Bottom
Top
Bottom
Opening, in2 Opening, in2 Opening, in2 Opening, in2
Opening, in2
Opening, in2
32
32
63
63
125
125
(207 cm2)
(207 cm2)
(407 cm2)
(407 cm2)
(807 cm2)
(807 cm2)
38
75
75
150
150
38
(246 cm2)
(484 cm2)
(484 cm2)
(968 cm2)
(968 cm2)
(246 cm2)
50
100
100
200
200
50
(323 cm2)
(646 cm2)
(646 cm2)
(1,291 cm2)
(1,291 cm2)
(323 cm2)
72
143
143
285
285
72
(465 cm2)
(923 cm2)
(923 cm2)
(1,839 cm2)
(1,839 cm2)
(465 cm2)
100
200
200
400
400
100
(646 cm2)
(1,291 cm2)
(1,291 cm2)
(2,581 cm2)
(2,581 cm2)
(646 cm2)
125
125
250
250
500
500
(807 cm2)
(807 cm2)
(1,613 cm2)
(1,613 cm2)
(3,226 cm2)
(3,226 cm2)
FIG. 1-6
*Outside Air from
1 Opening Directly
from Outdoors, in2
42
(271 cm2)
50
(323 cm2)
67
(433 cm2)
95
(613 cm2)
134
(865 cm2)
167
(1,078 cm2)
*Outside air openings shall directly communicate with the outdoors. When combustion air is drawn from the outside through a
duct, the net free area of each of the two openings must have twice (2 times) the free area required for Outside Air/2 Openings.
The above requirements are for the water heater only; additional gas fired appliances in the equipment room will require an
increase in the net free area to supply adequate combustion air for all appliances.
**Combined interior space must be 50 cubic feet per 1,000 Btu/hr input. Buildings MUST NOT be of *“Tight Construction”.
For buildings of *“Tight Construction”, provide air openings into the building from outside.
*No combustion air openings are needed when the water heater is installed in a space with a volume NO LESS than 50 cubic feet
per 1,000 Btu/hr of all installed gas fired appliances. Buildings MUST NOT be of *“Tight Construction”.
*“Tight Construction” is defined as a building with less than 0.40 ACH (air changes per hour).
13
Installation & Service Manual
1
Determine water heater location
Combustion air requirements are based on the latest edition
of the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1; in Canada refer
to the latest edition of CGA Standard CAN B149.1. Check all
local code requirements for combustion air.
All dimensions based on net free area in square inches. Metal
louvers or screens reduce the free area of a combustion air
opening a minimum of approximately 25%. Check with
louver manufacturers for exact net free area of louvers.
Where two openings are provided, one must be within 12"
(30cm) of the ceiling and one must be within 12" (30cm) of
the floor of the equipment room. Each opening must have
net free area as specified in the chart above (Table 1B). Single
openings shall commence within 12" (30cm) of the ceiling.
 CAUTION
14
Under no circumstances should the
equipment room ever be under negative
pressure. Particular care should be taken
where exhaust fans, attic fans, clothes
dryers, compressors, air handling units,
etc., may take away air from the unit.
The combustion air supply must be completely free of any
flammable vapors that may ignite or chemical fumes which
may be corrosive to the appliance. Common corrosive chemical
fumes which must be avoided are fluorocarbons and other
halogenated compounds, most commonly present as refrigerants
or solvents, such as Freon, trichlorethylene, perchlorethylene,
chlorine, etc. These chemicals, when burned, form acids which
quickly attack the stainless steel heat exchanger, headers, flue
collectors, and the vent system.
The result is improper combustion and a non-warrantable,
premature appliance failure.
EXHAUST FANS: Any fan or equipment which exhausts air
from the equipment room may deplete the combustion air
supply and/or cause a downdraft in the venting system. Spillage
of flue products from the venting system into an occupied
living space can cause a very hazardous condition that must be
immediately corrected. If a fan is used to supply combustion
air to the equipment room, the installer must make sure that it
does not cause drafts which could lead to nuisance operational
problems with the appliance.
Installation & Service Manual
2
General venting
Direct venting options - Sidewall Vent
IMG00464
Figure 2-1 Two-Pipe Sidewall Termination - See page
23 for more details
IMG00464
Figure 2-2 PVC/CPVC Concentric Sidewall Termination
- See page 30 for more details
Direct venting options - Vertical Vent
IMG00466
IMG00466
IMG00466
Figure 2-3 Two-Pipe Vertical Termination
- See page 33 for more details
Figure 2-4 PVC/CPVC Concentric
Vertical Termination - See page 35
for more details
Figure 2-5 Vertical Vent, Sidewall
Air
15
Installation & Service Manual
2
General venting
Install vent and combustion air piping
 DANGER
The Shield water heater must be vented and
supplied with combustion and ventilation
air as described in this section. Ensure the
vent and air piping and the combustion
air supply comply with these instructions
regarding vent system, air system, and
combustion air quality. See also Section 1
of this manual.
Inspect finished vent and air piping
thoroughly to ensure all are airtight and
comply with the instructions provided and
with all requirements of applicable codes.
Failure to provide a properly installed vent
and air system will cause severe personal
injury or death.
The Shield water heater vent and air piping can be installed
through the roof or through a sidewall. Follow the procedures
in this manual for the method chosen. Refer to the information
in this manual to determine acceptable vent and air piping
length.
You may use any of the vent/air piping methods covered in this
manual. Do not attempt to install the Shield water heater using
any other means.
You must also install air piping from outside to the water
heater air intake adapter unless following the Optional Room
Air instructions on page 19 of this manual. The resultant
installation is direct vent (sealed combustion).
Air intake/vent connections
This appliance requires a special venting 1. Combustion Air Intake Connector (FIG. 2-6) - Used to
provide combustion air directly to the unit from outdoors. A
system. Use only approved stainless steel,
fitting is provided on the unit for final connection.
PVC, CPVC or polypropylene pipe and
Combustion air piping must be supported per guidelines
fittings listed in Tables 2D, 2E, and 2G for
listed in the National Mechanical Code, Section 305, Table
vent pipe, and fittings. Failure to comply
305.4 or as local codes dictate.
could result in severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
2. Vent Connector (FIG.'s 2-7 thru 2-10) - Used to provide a
passageway for conveying combustion gases to the
DO NOT mix components from different
 WARNING systems. The vent system could fail,
outside. A transition fitting is provided on the unit for
causing leakage of flue products into the
final connection. Vent piping must be supported per the
living space. Mixing of venting materials
National Building Code, Section 305, Table 305.4 or as
will void the warranty and certification of
local codes dictate.
the appliance.
Installation must comply with local Figure 2-6 Near Water Heater Air Piping
NOTICE
requirements and with the National
AIR
Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1 for U.S.
installations or CSA B149.1 for Canadian
installations.
 WARNING
For closet and alcove installations, CPVC,
 WARNING polypropylene or stainless steel material
MUST BE used in a closet/alcove structure.
Failure to follow this warning could result
in fire, personal injury, or death.
 CAUTION
NOTICE
 WARNING
Improper installation of venting systems
may result in injury or death.
Follow the instructions in Section 1, page
11 of this manual when removing a water
heater from an existing vent system.
Do not connect any other appliance to
the vent pipe or multiple water heaters to
a common vent pipe. Failure to comply
could result in severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
IMG00467
16
Installation & Service Manual
2
General venting
(continued)
Requirements for installation in
Canada
1.
2.
3.
4.
Installations must be made with a vent pipe system
certified to ULC-S636.
The first three (3) feet of plastic vent pipe from the
appliance flue outlet must be readily accessible for visual
inspection.
The components of the certified vent system must not be
interchanged with other vent systems or unlisted
pipe/fittings. For concentric vent installations, the inner
vent tube must be replaced with field supplied certified vent
material to comply with this requirement.
The 3" Concentric Vent Kit available from Lochinvar (see
Section 3 – Sidewall Termination – Optional Concentric
Vent) and the 3" Concentric Vent Kit available from IPEX
are both approved for use on the Shield water heater. Both
kits are listed to the ULC-S636 standard for use in Canada.
Sizing
The Shield water heater uses model specific combustion air
intake and vent piping sizes as detailed in Table 2A below.
Table 2A Air Intake/Vent Piping Sizes
Combustion Air = 12 equivalent feet minimum / 100
equivalent feet maximum
Vent = 12 equivalent feet minimum / 100 equivalent feet
maximum
NOTICE
Air Intake
Vent
126-065 -- 201-100
3 inches
3 inches
286-125 -- 501-125
4 inches
4 inches
Increasing or decreasing combustion air
or vent piping sizes is not authorized.
When using the alternative 3" vent and
combustion air piping with a Shield
286-125 model, the maximum allowable
combustion air and vent piping lengths
are limited to 60 equivalent feet each.
The minimum allowable combustion
air and vent pipe lengths remain 12
equivalent feet each.
When determining equivalent combustion air and vent
length, add 5 feet for each 90° elbow and 3 feet for each
45° elbow.
EXAMPLE: 20 feet of PVC pipe + (4) 90° elbows + (2)
45° elbows + (1) concentric vent kit (100140480) = 49
equivalent feet of piping.
NOTICE
Model
NOTICE
Minimum
/
Maximum
allowable
combustion air and vent piping lengths
are as follows:
The appliance output rating will reduce
by up to 1.5% for each 25 feet of vent
length, except when using the alternative
3" vent for the Shield 286-125 model
which may de-rate by up to 4% for each
25 feet of vent length.
Table 2B Concentric Vent Kit Equivalent Vent Lengths
Model
Kit Number
Equivalent
Vent Length
126-065 -- 201-100
100140480
3 feet
286-125
100140484
3 feet
401-125
100140484
5 feet
501-125
100140484
30 feet
17
Installation & Service Manual
2
General venting
Materials
Air inlet pipe materials:
The air inlet pipe(s) must be sealed. Choose acceptable
combustion air inlet pipe materials from the following list:
PVC, CPVC, Polypropylene or ABS
Dryer Vent or Sealed Flexible Duct (not recommended
for rooftop air inlet)
Galvanized steel vent pipe with joints and seams sealed as
specified in this section.
Type “B” double-wall vent with joints and seams sealed as
specified in this section.
AL29-4C, stainless steel material to be sealed to
specification of its manufacturer.
*Plastic pipe may require an adapter (not provided) to
transition between the air inlet connection on the appliance
and the plastic air inlet pipe.
 WARNING Using air intake materials other than
those specified can result in personal
injury, death or property damage.
NOTICE
The use of double-wall vent or insulated
material for the combustion air inlet pipe is
recommended in cold climates to prevent
the condensation of airborne moisture in
the incoming combustion air.
Sealing of Type “B” double-wall vent material or galvanized
vent pipe material used for air inlet piping on a sidewall or
vertical rooftop Combustion Air Supply System:
a.
Seal all joints and seams of the air inlet pipe using either
Aluminum Foil Duct Tape meeting UL Standard 723 or
181A-P or a high quality UL Listed silicone sealant such as
those manufactured by Dow Corning or General Electric.
b.
Do not install seams of vent pipe on the bottom of
horizontal runs.
c.
Secure all joints with a minimum of three (3) sheet metal
screws or pop rivets. Apply Aluminum Foil Duct Tape or
silicone sealant to all screws or rivets installed in the vent
pipe.
d.
Ensure that the air inlet pipes are properly supported.
18
The PVC, CPVC, or ABS air inlet pipe should be cleaned and
sealed with the pipe manufacturer’s recommended solvents
and standard commercial pipe cement for the material used.
The PVC, CPVC, ABS, Dryer Vent or Flex Duct air inlet pipe
should use a silicone sealant to ensure a proper seal at the
appliance connection and the air inlet cap connection. Dryer
vent or flex duct should use a screw type clamp to seal the vent
to the appliance air inlet and the air inlet cap. Proper sealing
of the air inlet pipe ensures that combustion air will be free of
contaminants and supplied in proper volume.
Follow the polypropylene manufacturer’s instructions when
using polypropylene material as an inlet pipe.
When a sidewall or vertical rooftop combustion air supply
system is disconnected for any reason, the air inlet pipe
must be resealed to ensure that combustion air will be free of
contaminants and supplied in proper volume.
Failure to properly seal all joints and seams
 DANGER
as required in the air inlet piping may
result in flue gas recirculation, spillage
of flue products and carbon monoxide
emissions causing severe personal injury
or death.
Installation & Service Manual
2
General venting
(continued)
Optional room air
NOTICE
Optional room air is intended for
commercial applications. Combustion
air piping to the outside is recommended
for residential applications.
Commercial applications utilizing the Shield water heater
may be installed with a single pipe carrying the flue products
to the outside while using combustion air from the equipment
room. In order to use the room air venting option the
following conditions and considerations must be followed.
•
•
•
•
•
The unit MUST be installed with the appropriate
room air provisions.
The equipment room MUST be provided with
properly sized openings to assure adequate
combustion air. Please refer to instructions
provided with the room air kit (100157615 - Models
126-065 -- 201-100 and 100157616 - Models 286-125
-- 501-125).
There will be a noticeable increase in the noise level
during normal operation from the inlet air opening.
Using the room air configuration makes the unit
vulnerable to combustion air contamination from
within the building. Please review Section 1,
Prevent Combustion Air Contamination, to ensure
proper installation.
Vent system and terminations must comply with the
standard venting instructions set forth in this
manual.
Air contamination
Pool and laundry products and common household and hobby
products often contain fluorine or chlorine compounds. When
these chemicals pass through the water heater, they can form
strong acids. The acid can eat through the water heater wall,
causing serious damage and presenting a possible threat of flue
gas spillage or water heater water leakage into the building.
Please read the information given in Table 1A, page 10, listing
contaminants and areas likely to contain them. If contaminating
chemicals will be present near the location of the water heater
combustion air inlet, have your installer pipe the water heater
combustion air and vent to another location, per this manual.
 WARNING
If the water heater combustion air inlet is
located in a laundry room or pool facility,
for example, these areas will always contain
hazardous contaminants.
 WARNING
To prevent the potential of severe personal
injury or death, check for areas and products
listed in Table 1A, page 10 before installing
the water heater or air inlet piping.
If contaminants are found, you MUST:
• Remove contaminants permanently.
—OR—
• Relocate air inlet and vent terminations
to other areas.
When utilizing the single pipe method,
 WARNING provisions for combustion and ventilation
air must be in accordance with Air for
Combustion and Ventilation, of the latest
edition of the National Fuel Gas Code,
ANSI Z223.1, in Canada, the latest edition
of CGA Standard B149 Installation
Code for Gas Burning Appliances and
Equipment, or applicable provisions of
the local building codes.
19
Installation & Service Manual
2
General venting
1.
PVC/CPVC
This product has been approved for use with the PVC/CPVC
vent materials listed in Table 2D.
Installing vent and air piping
The vent connection to the appliance must
 WARNING
be made with the starter CPVC pipe section
provided with the 286-501 models (starter
piece is factory installed on the 126-201
models) if PVC/CPVC vent is to be used.
The field provided vent fittings must be
cemented to the CPVC pipe section using
an “All Purpose Cement” suitable for
PVC and CPVC pipe. Use only the vent
materials, primer, and cement specified in
Table 2D to make the vent connections.
Failure to follow this warning could result
in fire, personal injury, or death.
NOTICE
NOTICE
 WARNING
Use only cleaners, primers, and solvents
that are approved for the materials which
are joined together.
All PVC vent pipes must be glued, properly
supported, and the exhaust must be pitched
a minimum of a 1/4 inch per foot back to
the water heater (to allow drainage of
condensate).
Insulation should not be used on PVC
or CPVC venting materials. The use of
insulation will cause increased vent wall
temperatures, which could result in vent
pipe failure.
Table 2D PVC/CPVC Vent Pipe, and Fittings
2.
Work from the water heater to vent or air termination.
Do not exceed the lengths given in this manual for the
air or vent piping.
Cut pipe to the required lengths and deburr the inside
and outside of the pipe ends.
3.
Chamfer outside of each pipe end to ensure even
cement distribution when joining.
4.
Clean all pipe ends and fittings using a clean dry rag.
(Moisture will retard curing and dirt or grease will
prevent adhesion.)
5.
Dry fit vent or air piping to ensure proper fit up before
assembling any joint. The pipe should go a third to
two-thirds into the fitting to ensure proper sealing after
cement is applied.
6.
Priming and Cementing:
a. Handle fittings and pipes carefully to prevent
contamination of surfaces.
b. Apply a liberal even coat of primer to the fitting
socket and to the pipe end to approximately 1/2"
beyond the socket depth.
c. Apply a second primer coat to the fitting socket.
d.
e.
f.
g.
While primer is still wet, apply an even coat of
approved cement to the pipe equal to the depth of
the fitting socket along with an even coat of
approved cement to the fitting socket.
Apply a second coat of cement to the pipe.
While the cement is still wet, insert the pipe into
the fitting, if possible twist the pipe a 1/4 turn as
you insert it. NOTE: If voids are present,
sufficient cement was not applied and joint could
be defective.
Wipe excess cement from the joint removing ring
or beads as it will needlessly soften the pipe.
Figure 2-7 Near Water Heater PVC/CPVC Venting
Approved PVC/CPVC Vent Pipe and Fittings
Item
Vent pipe
Vent fittings
Pipe Cement
/ Primer
Material
Standard
PVC Schedule 40, 80
ANSI/ASTM D1785
PVC - DWV
ANSI/ASTM D2665
CPVC Schedule 40, 80
ANSI/ASTM F441
PVC Schedule 40
ANSI/ASTM D2466
PVC Schedule 80
ANSI/ASTM D2467
CPVC Schedule 80
ANSI/ASTM F439
PVC - DWV
ANSI/ASTM D2665
PVC
ANSI/ASTM D2564
CPVC
ANSI/ASTM F493
CPVC STARTER PIECE
(FACTORY SUPPLIED)
VENT
CPVC STARTER PIECE
(FACTORY INSTALLED)
NOTICE: DO NOT USE CELLULAR (FOAM) CORE PIPE
NOTE: In Canada, CPVC and PVC vent pipe, fittings and cement/
primer must be ULC-S636 certified.
IMG00468
20
MODELS: 126-065 - 201-100
MODELS: 286-125 - 501-125
Installation & Service Manual
2
General venting
Polypropylene
(continued)
This product has been approved for use with polypropylene
vent with the manufacturers listed in Table 2E.
All terminations must comply with listed options in this
manual and be a single-wall vent offering.
For support and special connections required, see the
manufacturer’s instructions. All vent is to conform to standard
diameter and equivalent length requirements established.
When determining equivalent combustion air and vent length
for polypropylene single-wall piping:
• 1 foot of Duravent 4 inch single-wall pipe is equivalent
to 1.6 feet of piping
Flexible polypropylene
For use of flex pipe, it is recommended to have the vent material
in 32°F or higher ambient space before bending at installation.
No bends should be made to greater than 45° and ONLY
installed in vertical or near vertical installations (FIG. 2-8).
Figure 2-8 Near Boiler Flexible Polypropylene Venting
Duravent 3”
CAP
CHIMNEY
B
A
Duravent 4”
“B” DIM
“A” DIM
3” RIGID 3” FLEX 4” FLEX
10 FT 60 FT 90 FT
20 FT 53 FT 80 FT
30 FT 47 FT 70 FT
40 FT 40 FT 60 FT
50 FT 33 FT 50 FT
60 FT 27 FT 40 FT
70 FT 20 FT 30 FT
80 FT 13 FT 20 FT
7 FT 10 FT
90 FT
“B” DIM
“A” DIM
4” RIGID 4” FLEX 5” FLEX
10 FT 30 FT 90 FT
20 FT 27 FT 80 FT
30 FT 23 FT 70 FT
40 FT 20 FT 60 FT
50 FT 17 FT 50 FT
60 FT 13 FT 40 FT
70 FT 10 FT 30 FT
80 FT
7 FT 20 FT
90 FT
3 FT 10 FT
Centrotherm 3”
Centrotherm 4”
“A” DIM
“B” DIM
3” RIGID 3” FLEX 4” FLEX
10 FT 45 FT 90 FT
20 FT 40 FT 80 FT
30 FT 35 FT 70 FT
40 FT 30 FT 60 FT
50 FT 25 FT 50 FT
60 FT 20 FT 40 FT
70 FT 15 FT 30 FT
80 FT 10 FT 20 FT
5 FT 10 FT
90 FT
“A” DIM “B” DIM
4” RIGID 4” FLEX
10 FT 33 FT
20 FT 29 FT
30 FT 26 FT
40 FT 22 FT
50 FT 18 FT
60 FT 15 FT
70 FT 11 FT
7 FT
80 FT
4 FT
90 FT
The installer must use a specific vent starter
adapter at the flue collar connection. The
adapter is supplied by the vent manufacturer
to adapt to its vent system. See Table 2F for
approved vent adapters. Discard CPVC
starter piece.
All vent connections MUST be secured by
NOTICE
the vent manufacturer's joint connector
(FIG. 2-9).
Insulation should not be used on
 WARNING
polypropylene venting materials. The use
of insulation will cause increased vent wall
temperatures, which could result in vent
pipe failure.
Use only the adapters and vent system listed
 WARNING
in Tables 2E and 2F. DO NOT mix vent
systems of different types or manufacturers.
Failure to comply could result in severe
personal injury, death, or substantial
property damage.
Installations must comply with applicable
NOTICE
national, state, and local codes. For
Canadian installation, polypropylene vent
must be listed as a ULC-S636 approved
system.
Installation of a polypropylene vent system
NOTICE
should adhere to the vent manufacturer’s
installation instructions supplied with the
vent system.
NOTICE
Figure 2-9 Near Water Heater Polypropylene Venting
JOINT CONNECTOR REQUIRED AT
ALL COMPONENT CONNECTIONS
OF VENT SYSTEM
JOINT CONNECTOR REQUIRED
AT ALL COMPONENT
CONNECTIONS OF VENT
SYSTEM
CENTROTHERM
POLYPROPYLENE
ADAPTER
DURAVENT
ADAPTER
POLYPROPYLENE
ADAPTER
CPVC
STARTER
(FACTORY
SUPPLIED)
*NOTES: 1) FLEX PIPE MAY ONLY BE RUN IN A VERTICAL ORIENTATION
2) ALL VENT LENGTHS REPRESENTED IN ABOVE CHARTS ARE
EQUIVALENT LENGTHS.
3) SECTION A IS EQUIVALENT FEET OF RIGID PIPE, WHICH MAY
INCLUDE 45 AND 90° ELBOWS. PLEASE SEE SIZING SECTION
FOR DETERMINING EQUIVALENT FEET.
IMG00840
Table 2E Polypropylene Vent Pipe and Fittings
Approved Polypropylene Vent Manufacturers
Make
Model
Centrotherm Eco Systems
Duravent (M & G Group)
InnoFlue SW/Flex
DIR# 2000536775 00
PolyPro Single-Wall / PolyPro Flex
MODELS: 286-125 - 501-125
MODELS: 126-065 - 201-100
Table 2F Approved PolypropyleneTerminations
Duravent Polypro
Centrotherm InnoFlue SW
Model
Polypropylene
Joint
Sidewall Retaining
Polypropylene
Joint
Sidewall Adapter*
Adapter
Connector
Bracket*
Adapter
Connector
Sidewall Kit*
126-065 -- 201-100
ISAAL0303
IANS03
IATP0303
ISTAGL0303
3PPS-ADL
3PPS-LB
3PPS-HLK
286-125 -- 501-125
ISAAL0404
IANS04
IATP0404
ISTAGL0404
4PPS-AD-M
4PPS-LB
4PPS-HLK
* These parts are only needed if the sidewall termination assembly is used (see FIG. 3-4B on page 28).
21
Installation & Service Manual
2
General venting
Stainless steel vent
Installation of a stainless steel vent system
should adhere to the stainless steel vent
manufacturer’s installation instructions
supplied with the vent system.
NOTICE
This product has been approved for use with stainless steel
using the manufacturers listed in Table 2G. This unit requires
Category IV venting.
Figure 2-10 Near Water Heater Stainless Steel Venting
Use only the materials, vent systems, and
 WARNING
terminations listed in Tables 2G and 2H.
DO NOT mix vent systems of different
types or manufacturers. Failure to comply
could result in severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
NOTICE
3" S.S. ADAPTER
4" S.S. ADAPTER
The installer must use a specific vent
starter adapter at the flue collar connection,
supplied by the vent manufacturer to
adapt to its vent system. See Table 2H for
approved vent adapters. Discard CPVC
starter piece.
NOTICE
Installations must comply with applicable
national, state, and local codes. Stainless
steel vent systems must be listed as a
UL-1738 approved system for the United
States and a ULC-S636 approved system
for Canada.
MODELS: 126-065 - 201-100
IMG00470
MODELS: 286-125 - 501-125
Table 2G Stainless Steel Vent Pipe and Fittings
*Use of FasNSeal Flex smooth inner wall vent is to be
used in vertical or near vertical sections only, taking
precaution to ensure no sagging occurs of the vent
system. Connect to the FasNSeal rigid vent using
specially designed adapters and sealing method, see
manufacturer’s instructions.
Approved Stainless Steel Vent Manufacturers
Make
Model
Dura Vent (M & G Group)
FasNSeal Vent / FasNSeal Flex* Vent
Z-Flex (Nova Flex Group)
Z-Vent
Heat Fab (Selkirk Corporation)
Saf-T Vent
Metal Fab
Corr/Guard
Security Chimney
Secure Seal
Table 2H Approved Stainless Steel (S.S.) Terminations and Adapters
Model
Heat Fab
Z Flex
FasNSeal
Saf-T Vent
Z-Vent
S.S.
Flue
Adapter Termination
126-065 -- 201-125
300715
286-125 -- 501-125
F303759
FSBS3
FSRC3(R.C)
FSBS4
FSRC4(R.C.)
Intake
Air
Termination
S.S.
Flue
Adapter Termination
303889
9301PVC
FSAIH04
303888
9401PVC
9392
5300CI
9492
5400CI
Intake
S.S.
Air
Adapter
Termination
9314TERM
9414TERM
Metal Fab
Security Chimney
Corr/Guard
Secure Seal
126-065 -- 201-125
3CGIA
286-125 -- 501-125
4CGIA
22
ProTech
3CGSWHT
3CGSWC
4CGSWHT
4CGSWC
3CGSW90LT
--
4CGSW90LT
SS4PVCU
--
--
SS4STU
SS4ST90AU
SS4RCBU
Flue
Intake Air
Termination Termination
2SVSTP03
2SVSTEX0390
2SVSRCX03
2SVSTP04
2SVSLA04
2SVSTEX0490
2SVSRCX04
2SVSLA03
Installation & Service Manual
3
Sidewall direct venting
Vent/air termination – sidewall
 WARNING
 WARNING
Follow instructions below when
determining vent location to avoid
possibility of severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
Locate the vent/air terminations using the following
guidelines:
1. The total length of piping for vent or air must not exceed
the limits given in the General Venting Section on page
17 of this manual.
You must consider the surroundings when terminating
the vent and air:
a. Position the vent termination where vapors will
not damage nearby shrubs, plants or air
conditioning equipment or be objectionable.
b. The flue products will form a noticeable plume as
they condense in cold air. Avoid areas where the
plume could obstruct window views.
c. Prevailing winds could cause freezing of
condensate and water/ice buildup where flue
products impinge on building surfaces or plants.
d. Avoid possibility of accidental contact of flue
products with people or pets.
e. Do not locate the terminations where wind eddies
could affect performance or cause recirculation,
such as inside building corners, near adjacent
buildings or surfaces, window wells, stairwells,
alcoves, courtyards, or other recessed areas.
 WARNING
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
INTAKE AIR
CONNECTION
FROM BOILER
VENT PIPE
CONNECTION
12"
MIN
TO
OVERHANG
POSSIBLE ORIENTATIONS
A gas vent extending through an exterior
wall shall not terminate adjacent to a wall
or below building extensions such as eaves,
parapets, balconies, or decks. Failure to
comply could result in severe personal
injury, death, or substantial property
damage.
Determine location
2.
Figure 3-1A PVC/CPVC/Polypropylene Sidewall Termination
of Air and Vent
TO BOILER
VENT / AIR
TERMINATION
12"
MIN
GRADE OR
SNOW LINE
Table 3A Sidewall Vent Kits
Model
Kit Number
Vent Size
126-065 -- 201-100
100157610
3 inch vent
286-125 -- 501-125
100157611
4 inch vent
If using the alternate sidewall termination:
3. The air piping must terminate in a down-turned elbow as
shown in FIG. 3-1B. This arrangement avoids recirculation
of flue products into the combustion air stream.
4. The vent piping must terminate in an elbow pointed
outward or away from the air inlet, as shown in FIG. 3-1B.
Do not exceed the maximum lengths of the
 WARNING
outside vent piping shown in FIG. 3-1B.
Excessive length exposed to the outside could
cause freezing of condensate in the vent pipe,
resulting in potential water heater shutdown.
Figure 3-1B Alternate PVC/CPVC/Polypropylene Sidewall
Termination of Air and Vent w/Field Supplied Fittings
Sidewall vent and air inlet terminations
must terminate in the same pressure
zone.
Do not terminate above any door or window.
Condensate can freeze, causing ice formations.
Locate or guard vent to prevent condensate damage
to exterior finishes.
Do not locate the terminations over public walkways.
Do not locate the terminations near soffit vents,
crawl space vents, or other areas where condensate
or vapor could create a nuisance, hazard, or cause
property damage.
Do not locate the terminations where condensate
vapor could cause damage or could be detrimental
to the operation of regulators, relief valves, or other
equipment.
23
Installation & Service Manual
3
Sidewall direct venting
Vent/air termination – sidewall
Figure 3-1C Alternate PVC/CPVC/SS/ Polypropylene Venting
Arrangement (if Space Allows) w/Field Supplied Fittings
TO BOILER
INTAKE AIR
CONNECTION
6. Locate terminations so they are not likely to be damaged
by foreign objects, such as stones or balls, or subject to
buildup of leaves or sediment.
COUPLING
Figure 3-2A Clearance to Gravity Air Inlets
12” MIN
15” MAX
FROM BOILER
VENT PIPE
CONNECTION
BIRD SCREEN
12"
MIN.
12”
MIN
BIRD
SCREEN
GRADE OR
SNOW LINE
ALTERNATE VENTING ARRANGEMENT
(IF SPACE PERMITS)
VENT / AIR
TERMINATION
Figure 3-1D Alternate SS Venting Arrangement Typical Stainless Steel Sidewall Termination of Air and
Vent w/Field Supplied Fittings, Utilizing a Hood Intake
BIRD SCREEN
TO BOILER
INTAKE AIR
CONNECTION
12"
MIN.
12"
MIN.
Figure 3-2B Alternate Clearance to Gravity Air Inlets w/
Field Supplied Fittings
12" (305 MM) MIN
15" (381 MM) MAX
FROM BOILER
VENT PIPE
CONNECTION
12”
MIN.
12" (305 MM) MIN
BIRD
SCREEN
(TYPICAL)
GRADE OR
SNOW LINE
5.
Maintain clearances as shown in FIG.’s 3-1A thru 3-3B,
pages 23 - 27. Also maintain the following:
a. Vent must terminate:
• At least 6 feet from adjacent walls.
• No closer than 12 inches below roof overhang.
b. Air inlet must terminate at least 12 inches above
grade or snow line; at least 12 inches below the vent
termination; and the vent pipe must not extend
more than 24 inches vertically outside the building
as shown in FIG. 3-1B. Condensate could freeze and
block vent pipe.
c. Do not terminate closer than 4 feet horizontally
from any electric meter, gas meter, regulator, relief
valve, or other equipment. Never terminate above or
below any of these within 4 feet horizontally.
24
12”
MIN.
12”
MIN.
Installation & Service Manual
3
Sidewall direct venting
(continued)
Figure 3-3A Direct Vent Terminal Clearances
Table 3B Direct Vent Terminal Clearances
Canadian Installations¹
US Installations²
A=
Clearance above grade, veranda, porch,
deck, or balcony
12 in (30 cm)
12 in (30 cm)
B=
Clearance to window or door that may
be opened
6 in (15 cm) for appliances < 10,000 Btuh
(3 kW), 12 in (30 cm) for appliances >
10,000 Btuh (3 kW) and < 100,000 Btuh
(30 kW), 36 in (91 cm) for appliances >
100,000 Btuh (30 kW)
6 in (15 cm) for appliances < 10,000 Btuh
(3 kW), 9 in (23 cm) for appliances >
10,000 Btuh (3 kW) and < 50,000 Btuh (15
kW), 12 in (30 cm) for appliances > 50,000
Btuh (15 kW)
C=
Clearance to permanently closed
window
*
*
*
*
D=
Vertical clearance to ventilated soffit
located above the terminal within a
horizontal distance of 2 ft (61 cm) from
the center line of the terminal.
E=
Clearance to unventilated soffit
*
*
F=
Clearance to outside corner
*
*
G=
Clearance to inside corner
*
*
Clearance to each side of center line
extended above meter / regulator
assembly
*
*
H=
I=
Above a regulator within 3 ft (91 cm)
horizontally of the vertical center line of the
regulator vent outlet to a maximum vertical
distance of 15 ft (4.5 m)
*
Clearance to service regulator vent
outlet
25
Installation & Service Manual
3
Sidewall direct venting
Table 3B Direct Vent Terminal Clearances (continued)
J=
Clearance to nonmechanical air supply
inlet to building or the combustion air
inlet to any other appliance
6 in (15 cm) for appliances < 10,000 Btuh
(3kW), 12 in (30 cm) for appliances >
10,000 Btuh (3 kW) and < 100,000 Btuh
(30 kW), 36 in (91 cm) for appliances >
100,000 Btuh (30 kW)
6 in (15 cm) for appliances < 10,000 Btuh
(3kW), 9 in (23 cm) for appliances > 10,000
Btuh (3 kW) and < 50,000 Btuh (15 kW),
12 in (30 cm) for appliances > 50,000 Btuh
(15 kW)
K=
Clearance to a mechanical air supply
inlet
6 ft (1.83 m)
3 ft (91 cm) above if within 10 ft (3 m)
horizontally
L=
Clearance above paved sidewalk or
paved driveway located on public
property
7 ft (2.13 m)†
*
M=
Clearance under veranda, porch, deck,
or balcony
12 in (30 cm)‡
*
*
†
Clearance in accordance with local installation codes and the requirements of the gas supplier.
A vent shall not terminate directly above a sidewalk or paved driveway that is located between two single family dwellings
and serves both dwellings.
Permitted only if veranda, porch, deck, or balcony is fully open on a minimum of two sides beneath he floor.
‡
NOTES:
1)
In accordance with the current CSA B149.1, Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code
2)
In accordance with the current ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54, National Fuel Gas Code
Figure 3-3B Other than Direct Vent Terminal Clearances
26
Installation & Service Manual
3
Sidewall direct venting
(continued)
Table 3C Other than Direct Vent Terminal Clearances
*
†
‡
Canadian Installations¹
US Installations²
A=
Clearance above grade, veranda, porch,
deck, or balcony
12 in (30 cm)
12 in (30 cm)
B=
Clearance to window or door that may
be opened
6 in (15 cm) for appliances < 10,000 Btuh
(3 kW), 12 in (30 cm) for appliances >
10,000 Btuh (3 kW) and < 100,000 Btuh
(30 kW), 36 in (91 cm) for appliances >
100,000 Btuh (30 kW)
4 ft (1.2 m) below or to side of opening; 1 ft
(300 mm) above opening
C=
Clearance to permanently closed
window
*
*
*
*
D=
Vertical clearance to ventilated soffit
located above the terminal within a
horizontal distance of 2 ft (61 cm) from
the center line of the terminal.
E=
Clearance to unventilated soffit
*
*
F=
Clearance to outside corner
*
*
G=
Clearance to inside corner
*
*
Clearance to each side of center line
extended above meter / regulator
assembly
*
*
H=
I=
Above a regulator within 3 ft (91 cm)
horizontally of the vertical center line of the
regulator vent outlet to a maximum vertical
distance of 15 ft (4.5 m)
*
Clearance to service regulator vent
outlet
6 in (15 cm) for appliances < 10,000 Btuh
(3kW), 12 in (30 cm) for appliances >
10,000 Btuh (3 kW) and < 100,000 Btuh
(30 kW), 36 in (91 cm) for appliances >
100,000 Btuh (30 kW)
4 ft (1.2 m) below or to side of opening; 1 ft
(300 mm) above opening
J=
Clearance to nonmechanical air supply
inlet to building or the combustion air
inlet to any other appliance
K=
Clearance to a mechanical air supply
inlet
6 ft (1.83 m)
3 ft (91 cm) above if within 10 ft (3 m)
horizontally
Clearance above paved sidewalk or
paved driveway located on public
property
7 ft (2.13 m)†
7 ft (2.13 m)
L=
M=
Clearance under veranda, porch, deck,
or balcony
12 in (30 cm)‡
*
Clearance in accordance with local installation codes and the requirements of the gas supplier.
A vent shall not terminate directly above a sidewalk or paved driveway that is located between two single family dwellings
and serves both dwellings.
Permitted only if veranda, porch, deck, or balcony is fully open on a minimum of two sides beneath he floor.
NOTES:
1)
In accordance with the current CSA B149.1, Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code
2)
In accordance with the current ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54, National Fuel Gas Code
27
Installation & Service Manual
3
Sidewall direct venting
Prepare wall penetrations
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Use the factory supplied wall plate as a template to locate
the vent and air intake holes and mounting holes.
Air pipe penetration:
a. Cut a hole for the air pipe. Size the air pipe hole as
close as desired to the air pipe outside diameter.
Vent pipe penetration:
a. Cut a hole for the vent pipe. For either combustible
or noncombustible construction, size the vent pipe
hole with at least a 1/2 inch clearance around the
vent pipe outer diameter:
• 4½ inch hole for 3 inch vent pipe
• 5½ inch hole for 4 inch vent pipe
Drill 3/16" diameter holes for inserting the plastic anchors
into the wall.
For Polypropylene Only: Install the vent and air intake
sidewall adapters from Table 2F on page 21 into the vent
plate. Slide the sidewall retaining bracket down the
sidewall adapters flush to the vent plate (FIG. 3-4B).
For PVC/CPVC Only: Install the vent and air intake
piping through the wall into the vent plate openings.
Use RTV silicone sealant to seal the air pipe. Use the
cement/primer listed in Table 2D on page 20 to seal the
vent pipe.
Mount and secure the vent plate to the wall, using stainless
steel screws.
Seal all gaps between the pipes and wall. Seal around the
plate to the wall assuring no air gaps.
Assemble the vent cap to the vent plate (see FIG.'s 3-4A
and 3-4B). Insert the stainless steel screws into the vent
cap screw hole openings and securely attach the vent cap
to the vent plate.
Seal all wall cavities.
PVC/CPVC terminations are designed to accommodate
any wall thickness of standard constructions per the
directions found in this manual.
Stainless steel terminations are designed to penetrate
walls with a thickness up to 9.25 inches of standard
construction.
Figure 3-4A PVC/CPVC Sidewall Termination Assembly
VENT
AIR PIPING
CENTERLINE WIDTH
VENT PIPING
VENT PLATE
WALL PLATE
VENT CAP
GALVANIZED
THIMBLE
Table 3D Sidewall Vent Centerline Dimensions
Model
Air
Vent
Centerline
Width
126-065 -- 201-100
3"
3"
5 5/8"
286-125 -- 501-125
4"
4"
5 5/8"
Figure 3-4B Polypropylene Sidewall Termination Assembly
SIDEWALL
ADAPTER
(AIR)
WALL
PLATE
SIDEWALL
RETAINING
PLATE
VENT
PLATE
VENT
CAP
SIDEWALL
ADAPTER
(VENT)
GALVANIZED
THIMBLE
28
AIR
IMG00085
Installation & Service Manual
3
Sidewall direct venting
(continued)
Prepare wall penetrations (Alternate Field Supplied Option)
1.
2.
Air pipe penetration:
a. Cut a hole for the air pipe. Size the air pipe hole as
close as desired to the air pipe outside diameter.
Figure 3-5A Multiple Vent Terminations (must also
comply with Figure 3-1A)
12" MIN. BETWEEN EDGE OF AIR
INLET AND ADJACENT VENT OUTLET
VENT
Vent pipe penetration:
a. Cut a hole for the vent pipe. For either combustible
or noncombustible construction, size the vent pipe
hole with at least a 1/2 inch clearance around the
vent pipe outer diameter:
• 4½ inch hole for 3 inch vent pipe
• 5½ inch hole for 4 inch vent pipe
b.
AIR
Insert a galvanized metal thimble in the vent pipe
hole as shown in FIG. 3-4C.
3. Use a sidewall termination plate as a template for correct
location of hole centers.
4. Follow all local codes for isolation of vent pipe when
passing through floors or walls.
VENT / AIR
TERMINATION
Figure 3-5B Alternate Multiple Vent Terminations w/Field
Supplied Fittings (must also comply with Figure 3-1B)
5. Seal exterior openings thoroughly with exterior caulk.
Figure 3-4C Alternate Sidewall Termination Assembly
w/Field Supplied Fittings
ELBOW
AIR PIPING
VENT PIPING
BIRD SCREEN
GALVANIZED
THIMBLE
ELBOW
SIDEWALL
TERMINATION PLATE
BIRD SCREEN
Multiple vent/air terminations
1. When terminating multiple Shield water heaters terminate
each vent/air connection as described in this manual
(FIG. 3-5A).
 WARNING All vent pipes and air inlets must terminate
at the same height to avoid possibility
of severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
2. Place wall penetrations to obtain minimum clearance
of 12 inches between edge of air inlet and adjacent vent
outlet, as shown in FIG. 3-5A for U.S. installations. For
Canadian installations, provide clearances required by
CSA B149.1 Installation Code.
3. The air inlet of a Shield water heater is part of a direct vent
connection. It is not classified as a forced air intake with
regard to spacing from adjacent water heater vents.
29
Installation & Service Manual
3
Sidewall direct venting
Sidewall termination – optional concentric vent
Description and usage
Lochinvar offers optional concentric combustion air and vent
pipe termination kits (Factory Kit #100140480 for 3" diameter
- Models 126-065 - 201-100 and #100140484 for 4" diameter Models 286-125 - 501-125). Both combustion air and vent pipes
must attach to the termination kit. The termination kits must
terminate outside the structure and must be installed as shown
in FIG. 3-6.
3. Cut one (1) hole (5 inch diameter for #100140480
installations or 7 inch diameter for #100140484
installations) into the structure to install the termination
kit.
4. Partially assemble the concentric vent termination kit.
Clean and cement using the procedures found in these
instructions.
The required combustion vent pipe materials are listed in Table
2D, on page 20 of this manual.
a.
Figure 3-6 Concentric Sidewall Termination
b.
Cement the Y concentric fitting to the larger kit pipe
(FIG.’s 3-7 and 3-8).
Cement the rain cap to the smaller diameter kit pipe
(FIG.’s 3-7 and 3-8).
Figure 3-7 Kit Contents_100140480 - 126-065 -- 201-100
Sidewall termination installation
Figure 3-8 Kit Contents_100140484 - 286-125 -- 501-125
1. Determine the best location for the termination kit (see
FIG. 4-6).
2. Reference the Determine Location Section on page 23 of
this manual for general termination considerations.
RAIN CAP
6" (152 MM) TO 4" (102 MM) REDUCER
6" (152 MM) DIA.
6" (152 MM) DIA.
4" (102 MM) DIA.
"Y" CONCENTRIC
FITTING
6" (152 MM) DIA.
"FLEXIBLE" PIPE
COUPLING
30
Installation & Service Manual
3
Sidewall direct venting
(continued)
Sidewall termination – optional concentric vent
Figure 3-9 Concentric Vent Dimensional Drawing Models 126-065 -- 201-100 / 100140480
Figure 3-10 Concentric Vent Dimensional Drawing Models 286-125 -- 501-125 / 100140484
"A"
"C" DIA.
"B" DIA.
"D"
3"
(76 MM)
"E"
"G"
"H" DIA.
"B" DIA. PVC
VENT / EXHAUST
A
60"
"F"
B
4"
(1524 MM) (102 MM)
C
6"
D
21 1/8"
(152 MM) (537 MM)
E
10"
F
7 5/8"
G
3"
H
6 5/8"
(254 MM)
(194 MM)
(76 MM)
(168 MM)
Instead of cementing the smaller pipe
to the rain cap, a field-supplied stainless
steel screw may be used to secure the
two (2) components together when
field disassembly is desired for cleaning
(see FIG. 3-11).
6. Install the Y concentric fitting and pipe assembly through
the structure’s hole.
When using the alternate screw assembly
 WARNING method, drill a clearance hole in the rain
cap and a pilot hole in the vent pipe for
the screw size being used. Failure to drill
adequate holes may cause cracking of
PVC components, allowing combustion
products to be recirculated. Failure
to follow this warning could result in
personal injury or death.
 WARNING Do not operate the appliance with
the rain cap removed or recirculation
of combustion products may occur.
Water may also collect inside the larger
combustion air pipe and flow to the
burner enclosure. Failure to follow this
warning could result in product damage
or improper operation, personal injury,
or death.
7. Install the rain cap and small diameter pipe assembly into
the Y concentric fitting and large pipe assembly. Ensure
small diameter pipe is bottomed and cemented in the Y
concentric fitting for #100140480 installations and fastened
tightly into the rubber adapter for #100140484 installations.
NOTICE
NOTICE
Do not allow insulation or other materials to
accumulate inside the pipe assembly when
installing through the hole.
8. Secure the assembly to the structure as shown in FIG. 3-12
using field-supplied metal strapping or equivalent support
material.
NOTICE
NOTICE
Figure 3-11 Rain Cap to Vent Pipe Alternate Assembly
NOTICE
Ensure termination location clearance
dimensions are as shown in FIG. 3-6.
If assembly needs to be extended to allow
sidewall thickness requirement, the two (2)
pipes supplied in the kit may be replaced by
using the same diameter, field-supplied SDR26 PVC (D2241) pipe for 100140480 and
standard schedule 40 PVC for 100140484.
Do not extend dimension D* more than 60
inches (see FIG.’s 3-9 and 3-10).
If assembly depth needs to be reduced,
dimension D can be as short as possible.
31
Installation & Service Manual
3
Sidewall direct venting
Sidewall termination – optional concentric vent
Figure 3-12 Concentric Vent Sidewall Attachment
Note: 100140480 shown for illustration purposes.
CAUTION
DO NOT use field-supplied couplings
to extend pipes. Airflow restriction
will occur and may cause intermittent
operation.
9. Cement appliance combustion air and vent pipes to the
concentric vent termination assembly. See FIG. 3-12
for proper pipe attachment.
10. Operate the appliance one (1) heat cycle to ensure
combustion air and vent pipes are properly connected
to the concentric vent termination connections.
Multiventing sidewall terminations
When two (2) or more direct vent appliances are vented near
each other, each appliance must be individually vented (see FIG.
3-13). NEVER common vent or breach vent this appliance.
When two (2) or more direct vent appliances are vented near
each other, two (2) vent terminations may be installed as shown
in FIG. 3-13. It is important that vent terminations be made as
shown to avoid recirculation of flue gases.
12"
MINIMUM
VENT
COMBUSTION
AIR
Figure 3-13 Concentric Vent and Combustion Air Termination
32
Installation & Service Manual
4
Vertical direct venting
Vent/air termination – vertical
 WARNING
Follow instructions below when determining
vent location to avoid possibility of severe
personal injury, death or substantial
property damage.
Determine location
Locate the vent/air terminations using the following
guidelines:
 WARNING
Rooftop vent and air inlet terminations
must terminate in the same pressure zone,
unless vertical vent sidewall air is set up as
shown in the General Venting - Vertical
Vent, Sidewall Air Section.
Figure 4-1A Vertical Termination of Air and Vent
1. The total length of piping for vent or air must not exceed
the limits given in the General Venting Section on page
17 of this manual.
2. Prepare the vent termination and the air termination
elbow (FIG. 4-1A) by inserting bird screens. Bird screens
should be obtained locally.
3. The vent must terminate at least 3 feet above the highest
place in which the vent penetrates the roof and at least
2 feet above any part of a building within 10 horizontal
feet.
4. The air piping must terminate in a down-turned 180°
return pipe no further than 2 feet from the center of the
vent pipe. This placement avoids recirculation of flue
products into the combustion air stream.
5. The vent piping must terminate in an up-turned coupling
as shown in FIG. 4-1A. The top of the coupling must
be at least 1 foot above the air intake. When the vent
termination uses a rain cap as illustrated in FIG. 4-1B
maintain at least 36" (914 mm) above the air inlet. The
air inlet pipe and vent pipe can be located in any desired
position on the roof, but must always be no further than
2 feet (.6 m) apart and with the vent termination at least
1 foot for PVC and 3 feet for stainless steel, above the air
intake.
Figure 4-1B Stainless Steel Vertical Termination of Air
and Vent
ALTERNATE INTAKE LOCATIONS:
INTAKE PIPES MAY BE LOCATED
ANYWHERE WITHIN 24” (610 MM)
OF VENT PIPE
6" (152 MM) MINIMUM
ABOVE ROOF /
SNOW LINE
6. Maintain the required dimensions of the finished
termination piping as shown in FIG. 4-1A.
7. Do not extend exposed vent pipe outside of building
more than shown in this document. Condensate could
freeze and block vent pipe.
BIRD SCREEN
(TYPICAL)
VENT
COM,BUSTION
AIR
VENT OUTLET
36” (914 MM) MINIMUM
ABOVE AIR INLET
8. Locate terminations so they are not likely to be damaged by
foreign objects, such as stones or balls, or subject to buildup
of leaves or sediment.
33
Installation & Service Manual
4
Vertical direct venting
Vent/air termination – vertical
Prepare roof penetrations
1.
Air pipe penetration:
a. Cut a hole for the air pipe. Size the air pipe hole as
close as desired to the air pipe outside diameter.
2.
Vent pipe penetration:
a. Cut a hole for the vent pipe.
For either
combustible or noncombustible construction, size
the vent pipe hole with at least a 1/2 inch clearance
around the vent pipe outer diameter:
• 4½ inch hole for 3 inch vent pipe
• 5½ inch hole for 4 inch vent pipe
b. Insert a galvanized metal thimble in the vent pipe
hole.
3. Space the air and vent holes to provide the minimum
spacing shown in FIG. 4-1A, page 33.
4. Follow all local codes for isolation of vent pipe when passing
through floors, ceilings, and roofs.
5. Provide flashing and sealing boots sized for the vent pipe
and air pipe.
Multiple vent/air terminations
1. When terminating multiple Shield water heaters, terminate
each vent/air connection as described in this manual (FIG.
4-2).
 WARNING
Terminate all vent pipes at the same height
and all air pipes at the same height to
avoid possibility of severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
2. Place roof penetrations to obtain minimum clearance
of 12 inches between edge of air intake elbow and
adjacent vent pipe of another water heater for U.S.
installations (see FIG. 4-2). For Canadian installations,
provide clearances required by CSA B149.1 Installation
Code.
3. The air inlet of a Shield water heater is part of a direct
vent connection. It is not classified as a forced air intake
with regard to spacing from adjacent water heater vents.
34
Figure 4-2 Vertical Terminations with Multiple Water
Heaters
Figure 4-3 Alternate Vertical Terminations with Multiple
Water Heaters
Installation & Service Manual
4
Vertical direct venting
(continued)
Vertical termination – optional concentric vent
Description and usage
Lochinvar offers an optional concentric combustion air and
vent pipe termination kit. Both combustion air and vent
pipes must attach to the termination kit. The termination kit
must terminate outside the structure and must be installed as
shown in FIG. 4-4.
Field supplied pipe and fittings are required to complete the
installation.
The required combustion air and vent pipe fittings are listed
in Table 2D, on page 20 of this manual.
Vertical termination installation
1. See Section 4, Vertical Direct Venting - Determine
Location (where applicable).
2. Cut one (1) hole (5 inch diameter for #100140480
installations or 7 inch diameter for #100140484 installations)
into the structure to install the termination kit.
3. Partially assemble the concentric vent termination kit.
Clean and cement following the cleaning procedures in
these instructions.
a.
b.
c.
Cement the Y concentric fitting to the larger diameter
kit pipe (see FIG.’s 3-7 and 3-8, page 30).
Cement rain cap to the smaller diameter kit pipe
(see FIG.’s 3-7 and 3-8, page 30).
Do not attach a U-Bent to the rain cap. Doing so could
cause recirculation (see FIG. 4-5).
Figure 4-4 Concentric Vertical Termination
NOTICE
 WARNING
Instead of cementing the smaller pipe to
the rain cap, a field supplied stainless steel
screw may be used to secure the two (2)
components together when field disassembly
is desired for cleaning (see FIG. 3-11, page 31).
When using the alternate screw assembly
method, drill a clearance hole in the rain
cap and a pilot hole in the vent pipe for
the screw size being used. Failure to drill
adequate holes may cause cracking of PVC
components, allowing combustion products
to be recirculated. Failure to follow this
warning could result in personal injury or
death.
Figure 4-5 Do Not Install U-Bent to Rain Cap
35
Installation & Service Manual
4
Vertical direct venting
Vertical termination – optional concentric vent
 WARNING
Do not operate the appliance with
the rain cap removed or recirculation
of combustion products may occur.
Water may also collect inside the larger
combustion air pipe and flow to the
burner enclosure. Failure to follow this
warning could result in product damage
or improper operation, personal injury,
or death.
DO NOT use field-supplied couplings
to extend pipes. Airflow restriction will
occur.
Install the rain cap and the small diameter pipe assembly
into the roof penetration assembly. Ensure the small
diameter pipe is cemented and bottomed in the Y
concentric fitting for #100140480 installations and
fastened tightly into the rubber adapter for #100140484
installations.
CAUTION
6.
4. Install the Y concentric fitting pipe assembly up through
the structure’s hole and field supplied roof boot/flashing.
7.
Do not allow insulation or other materials
to accumulate inside the pipe assembly
when installing through the hole.
Cement the appliance combustion air and vent pipes to
the concentric vent termination assembly. See FIG. 4-6
for proper pipe attachment.
8.
Operate the appliance through one (1) heat cycle to ensure
combustion air and vent pipes are properly connected to
the concentric vent termination connections.
NOTICE
5. Secure the assembly to the roof structure as shown
below in FIG. 4-6 using field supplied metal strapping or
equivalent support material.
Figure 4-6 Concentric Vent Roof Installation
Note: 100140480 shown for illustration
purposes.
Multiventing vertical terminations
When two (2) or more direct vent appliances are vented
near each other, each appliance must be individually vented
(see FIG. 4-7). NEVER common vent or breach vent this
appliance. When two (2) or more direct vent appliances
are vented near each other, two (2) vent terminations may
be installed as shown in FIG. 4-7. It is important that vent
terminations be made as shown to avoid recirculation of flue
gases.
Figure 4-7 Concentric Vent and Combustion Air Vertical
Termination
12”
MINIMUM
COMBUSTION
AIR (TYPICAL)
NOTICE
NOTICE
36
Ensure termination height is above the
roof surface or anticipated snow level
(12 inches in U.S.A. or 18 inches in
Canada) as shown in FIG. 4-4, page 35.
If assembly is too short to meet height
requirement, the two (2) pipes supplied
in the kit may be replaced by using the
same diameter, field supplied SDR-26
PVC (D2241) pipe for #100140480
and standard schedule 40 PVC for
#100140484. Do not extend dimension
D* more than 60 inches (see FIG.’s 3-9
and 3-10, page 31).
12” (18” FOR CANADA)
MINIMUM CLEARANCE
ABOVE HIGHEST
ANTICIPATED SNOW
LEVEL. MAXIMUM OF
24” ABOVE ROOF.
Installation & Service Manual
5
System piping
System water piping methods
Observe a minimum of one inch clearance around all
un-insulated hot water pipes when openings around the pipes
are not protected by non-combustible materials.
Failure to install and maintain a new,
 WARNING
listed temperature and pressure relief valve
will release the manufacturer from any
claim, which might result from excessive
temperature and pressures.
Keep clear of the combination temperature
and pressure relief valve discharge line
outlet. The discharge may be hot enough
to cause scald injury. The water is under
pressure and may splash.
Hydrogen gas can be produced in an
operating water heater that has not
had water drawn from the tank for a
long period of time (generally two
weeks or more). HYDROGEN GAS IS
EXTREMELY FLAMMABLE. To prevent
the possibility of injury under these
conditions, we recommend the hot water
faucet to be open for several minutes at the
kitchen sink before you use any electrical
appliance, which is connected to the hot
water system. If hydrogen is present, there
will be an unusual sound such as air
escaping through the pipes as hot water
begins to flow. Do not smoke or have an
open flame near the faucet at the time it
is open.
General piping information
2.
If this water heater is installed in a closed water supply
system, such as the one having a backflow preventer in
the cold water supply, provisions must be made to control
thermal expansion. DO NOT operate this water heater in
a closed system without provisions for controlling thermal
expansion. Warranties do not cover damages from thermal
expansion such as pressure bulges and/or deformities.
Your water supplier or local plumbing inspector should be
contacted on how to control this situation.
3.
After installation of the water lines, open the main water
supply valve and fill the water heater. While the water
heater is filling, open several hot water faucets to allow air
to escape from the water system. When a steady stream of
water flows through the faucets, close them and check all
water connections for possible leaks.
4.
Never operate the water heater without first being certain it
is filled with water.
Scalding
This water heater can deliver scalding temperature water
at any faucet in the system. Be careful whenever using hot
water to avoid scalding injury. Certain appliances such as
dishwashers and automatic clothes washers may require
increased temperature water. By setting the thermostat on
this water heater to obtain the increased temperature water
required by these appliances, you may create the potential for
scald injury. To protect against injury, you should install an
ASSE approved mixing valve in the water system. This valve will
reduce point of discharge temperature by mixing cold and hot
water in branch supply lines. Such valves are available from the
local plumbing supplier.
Figure 5-1 Scald Warning
Basic steps are listed below along with illustrations on the
following pages (FIG.’s 5-2 thru 5-4), which will guide you
through the installation of the Shield water heater.
1.
BEFORE PROCEEDING WITH THE INSTALLATION,
CLOSE THE MAIN WATER SUPPLY VALVE. After
shutting off the main water supply, open a faucet to
relieve the water line pressure to prevent any water
from leaking out of the pipes while making the water
connections to the water heater. The COLD water inlet
and HOT water outlet are identified on the water heater.
Make the proper plumbing connections between the
water heater and the plumbing system to the building.
Install a shutoff valve in the cold water supply line.
Water temperatures over 125°F (52°C) can cause severe
burns instantly or death from scalds.
Children, disabled, and elderly are at highest risk of being scalded.
See instruction manual before setting the thermostat at the
water heater.
Feel water before bathing or showering.
Temperature limiting valves are available, consult local plumbing
supplier.
37
Installation & Service Manual
5
System piping
The following chart (Table 5A) details the relationship of
water temperature and time with regard to scald injury
and may be used as a guide in determining the safest water
temperature for your applications.
Table 5A Approximate Time / Temperature Scald Chart
Piping components
Check valves:
Field supplied. Check valves are recommended for installation
as shown in FIG.’s 5-2 thru 5-4.
Water heater isolation valves:
APPROXIMATE TIME / TEMPERATURE
RELATIONSHIPS IN SCALDS
120°F
More than 5 minutes
125°F
1 1/2 to 2 minutes
130°F
About 30 seconds
135°F
About 10 seconds
140°F
Less than 5 seconds
145°F
Less than 3 seconds
150°F
About 1 1/2 seconds
155°F
About 1 second
Water chemistry
NOTICE
The Shield water heater is designed for
heating potable water with a hardness
of 5 to 20 grains per gallon and a total
dissolved solids not exceeding 350 ppm.
The water must be treated if it is not between 5 to 25 grains
per gallon or above 350 ppm of total dissolved solids.
Hardness exceeding 25 grains or 350 ppm can cause nonwarrantable premature failure of the heat exchanger. Water
with a hardness of less than 5 grains per gallon will usually
have a pH which can be aggressive and corrosive causing
non-warrantable damage to the pump and associated piping.
Corrosion due to water chemistry generally shows up first in
the hot water system because heated water increases the rate
of corrosive chemical reactions.
38
Field supplied. Full port ball valves are required. Failure to
use full port ball valves could result in a restricted flow rate
through the water heater.
Anti-scald mixing valve:
Field supplied. An anti-scald mixing valve is recommended
when storing domestic hot water above 115°F.
Unions:
Field supplied. Recommended for unit serviceability.
Temperature and pressure relief valve:
Factory supplied on water heaters. The temperature and
pressure relief valve is sized to ASME specifications.
 CAUTION
No valves shall be placed between the relief
valve, heat exchanger, or tank. The relief
valve shall be piped to a suitable drain
as close as possible to the heater with no
reducing couplings or other restrictions.
The piping must be sloping away from the
heater at all times.
See the * piping illustrations included in this section,
FIG.’s 5-2 thru 5-4 for suggested guidelines in piping the
Shield water heater.
NOTICE
*Please note that these illustrations are
meant to show system piping concept
only, the installer is responsible for all
equipment and detailing required by local
codes.
Installation & Service Manual
5
System piping
(continued)
Figure 5-2 Single Unit
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
FLOW CHECK VALVE
(TYPICAL)
SYSTEM
CIRCULATOR
MIXING VALVE
(IF REQUIRED)
BUILDING
RETURN
HOT WATER
SUPPLY
EXPANSION
TANK
BALL VALVE
(TYPICAL)
UNION
(TYPICAL)
IMG00471
NOTICE
Please note that these illustrations are meant to show system piping concept only, the installer is responsible
for all equipment and detailing required by local codes.
39
Installation & Service Manual
5
System piping
Figure 5-3 Multiple Units
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
BUILDING
RETURN
FLOW CHECK VALVE
(TYPICAL)
SYSTEM
CIRCULATOR
BALL VALVE
(TYPICAL)
MIXING VALVE
(IF REQUIRED)
EXPANSION
TANK
HOT WATER
SUPPLY
UNION
(TYPICAL)
IMG00473
NOTICE
40
Please note that these illustrations are meant to show system piping concept only, the installer is responsible
for all equipment and detailing required by local codes.
Installation & Service Manual
5
System piping
(continued)
Figure 5-4 Two Temperature - Single Unit
180° HOT
WATER SUPPLY
140° HOT
WATER SUPPLY
THERMOMETER
(TYPICAL)
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
FLOW CHECK VALVE
(TYPICAL)
SYSTEM
CIRCULATOR
(TYPICAL)
MIXING VALVE
LOW TEMPERATURE
BUILDING RETURN
EXPANSION
TANK
BALL VALVE
(TYPICAL)
HIGH TEMPERATURE
BUILDING RETURN
UNION
(TYPICAL)
IMG00474
NOTICE
Please note that these illustrations are meant to show system piping concept only, the installer is responsible
for all equipment and detailing required by local codes.
41
Installation & Service Manual
6
Gas connections
Connecting gas supply piping
1.
Install ground joint union for servicing, when
required.
2.
On Models 126-065 -- 286-125 install a manual shutoff
valve in the gas supply piping outside water heater jacket
when required by local codes or utility requirements.
4. Support piping with hangers, not by the water heater or its
accessories.
 WARNING
3. In Canada – When using manual main shutoff valves, it
must be identified by the installer.
Figure 6-1 Gas Supply Piping - Models 126-065 -- 286-125
5. Purge all air from the gas supply piping.
6. Before placing the water heater in operation, check the
water heater and its gas connection for leaks.
GAS SUPPLY
MANUAL GAS
SHUT OFF VALVE
(FIELD SUPPLIED)
a.
The appliance must be disconnected from the gas
supply piping system during any pressure testing of
that system at a test pressure in excess of 1/2 PSIG
(3.5 kPa).
b.
The appliance must be isolated from the gas supply
piping system by closing a manual shutoff valve
during any pressure testing of the gas supply piping
system at test pressures equal to or less than 1/2 PSIG
(3.5 kPa).
c.
The appliance and its gas connection must be leak
tested before placing it in operation.
UNION
IMG00476
 WARNING
Figure 6-2 Gas Supply Piping - Models 401-125 -- 501-125
GAS SUPPLY
UNION
MANUAL GAS
SHUT OFF VALVE
(FACTORY SUPPLIED ON
MODELS 401-125/
501-125 )
IMG00476
42
The gas valve and blower will not support
the weight of the piping. Do not attempt
to support the weight of the piping with
the water heater or its accessories. Failure
to comply could result in severe personal
injury, death, or substantial property
damage.
Do not check for gas leaks with an open
flame – use the bubble test. Failure to use the
bubble test or check for gas leaks can cause
severe personal injury, death, or substantial
property damage.
7. Use pipe sealing compound compatible with propane gases.
Apply sparingly only to male threads of the pipe joints so
that pipe dope does not block gas flow.
Installation & Service Manual
6
Gas connections
 WARNING
 WARNING
(continued)
Failure to apply pipe sealing compound as
detailed in this manual can result in severe
personal injury, death, or substantial
property damage.
Shield water heaters are typically shipped
ready to fire on natural gas. Check the
water heater rating plate to determine
which fuel the water heater is set for. In
order to operate on LP gas contact the
factory, an orifice MUST BE installed or
a gas valve adjustment MUST BE made.
Failure to comply could result in severe
personal injury, death, or substantial
property damage.
Use two wrenches when tightening gas
 WARNING
piping at water heater (FIG. 6-3), using
one wrench to prevent the water heater
gas line connection from turning. Failure
to support the water heater gas connection
pipe to prevent it from turning could
damage gas line components.
Figure 6-3 Inlet Pipe with Backup Wrench
Natural gas:
Pipe sizing for natural gas
1. Refer to Table 6A for pipe length and diameter. Based on
rated water heater input (divide by 1,000 to obtain cubic feet
per hour).
a. Table 6A is only for natural gas with specific gravity
0.60 inches, with a pressure drop through the gas
piping of 0.30 inches w.c.
b. For additional gas pipe sizing information, refer to
ANSI Z223.1 (or B149.1 for Canadian installations).
Natural gas supply pressure requirements
1. Pressure required at the gas valve inlet pressure port:
• Maximum 14 inches w.c. with no flow (lockup) or
with water heater on.
• Minimum 4 inches w.c. with gas flowing (verify during
water heater startup).
2. Install 100% lockup gas pressure regulator in supply line if
inlet pressure can exceed 14 inches w.c. at any time. Adjust
lockup regulator for 14 inches w.c. maximum.
Propane gas:
 WARNING
USE BACK UP WRENCH
TO PREVENT PIPE FROM
ROTATING
Shield water heaters are typically shipped
ready to fire on natural gas. Check water
heater rating plate to determine which fuel
the water heater is set for. In order to operate
on LP gas contact the factory, an orifice
MUST BE installed or a gas valve adjustment
MUST BE made. Failure to comply could
result in severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
IMG00476
Pipe sizing for propane gas
NOTICE
 WARNING
Maximum inlet gas pressure must not
exceed the value specified. Minimum
value listed is for the purposes of input
adjustment.
1. Contact gas supplier to size pipes, tanks, and 100% lockup
gas pressure regulator.
Ensure that the high gas pressure
regulator is at least 10 feet upstream of
the appliance.
1. Adjust propane supply regulator provided by the gas
supplier for 14 inches w.c. maximum pressure.
Propane Supply Pressure Requirements
2. Pressure required at gas valve inlet pressure port:
• Maximum 14 inches w.c. with no flow (lockup) or with
water heater on.
• Minimum 8 inches w.c. with gas flowing (verify during
water heater startup).
43
Installation & Service Manual
6
Gas connections
Table 6A Natural Gas Pipe Size Chart
Capacity of Schedule 40 Metallic Pipe in Cubic Feet of Natural Gas Per Hour
(based on .60 specific gravity, 0.30" w.c. pressure drop)
Pipe
Size
(Inches)
1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
4
Length of Pipe in Straight Feet
10
20
131
90
273
188
514
353
1,060
726
1,580 1,090
3,050 2,090
4,860 3,340
8,580 5,900
17,500 12,000
 WARNING
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
125
150
175
200
72
151
284
583
873
1,680
2,680
4,740
9,660
62
129
243
499
747
1,440
2,290
4,050
8,270
55
114
215
442
662
1,280
2,030
3,590
7,330
N/A
104
195
400
600
1,160
1,840
3,260
6,640
N/A
95
179
368
552
1,060
1,690
3,000
6,110
N/A
89
167
343
514
989
1,580
2,790
5,680
N/A
83
157
322
482
928
1,480
2,610
5,330
N/A
79
148
304
455
877
1,400
2,470
5,040
N/A
70
131
269
403
777
1,240
2,190
4,460
N/A
63
119
244
366
704
1,120
1,980
4,050
N/A
58
109
224
336
648
1,030
1,820
3,720
N/A
N/A
102
209
313
602
960
1,700
3,460
Shield water heaters are typically shipped ready to fire on natural gas. Check the water heater rating plate to
determine which fuel the water heater is set for. In order to operate on LP gas contact the factory, an orifice
MUST BE installed or a gas valve adjustment MUST BE made. Failure to comply could result in severe
personal injury, death, or substantial property damage.
Check inlet gas supply
NOTICE
CSA or UL listed flexible gas connections
are acceptable, but you must exercise
caution to ensure that the line has adequate
capacity to allow your water heater to fire
at full rate. Consult with local codes for
proper installation or service procedures.
DO NOT attempt to measure gas valve
outlet pressure. The gas valve is factory-set
for the correct outlet pressure. This setting
is suitable for natural gas and propane
(when configured for LP), requiring no
field adjustment. Attempting to measure
the gas valve outlet pressure could
result in damage to the valve, causing
potential severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
The gas piping must be sized for the proper flow and length
of pipe, to avoid excessive pressure drop. Both the gas meter
and the gas regulator must be properly sized for the total gas
load.
5.
6.
7.
8.
 WARNING
If you experience a pressure drop greater than 1 inch w.c.,
the meter, regulator, or gas line is undersized or in need of
service. Perform the steps below when checking inlet gas
supply:
1.
Disconnect power from the appliance.
2.
Shut off gas to the appliance.
3.
Loosen the set screw one (1) full turn from inside the
pressure tap on top of the gas valve. Place the tubing of
the manometer over the tap once the set screw is
loosened as shown in FIG.’s 6-4 thru 6-6.
4.
Slowly turn on the gas supply at the field installed
manual gas valve.
44
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Reconnect power to the appliance.
Adjust the temperature set point on the control panel of
the electronic control module to call for heat.
Observe the gas supply pressure as the burner fires at
100% of rated input. Percent of burner input will be
displayed on the control panel.
Ensure inlet pressure is within specified range.
Minimum and maximum gas supply pressures are
specified in this section of the manual.
If gas supply pressure is within normal range and no
adjustments are needed, proceed on to Step 11.
If the gas pressure is out of range, contact the gas utility,
gas supplier, qualified installer or service agency to
determine the necessary steps to provide proper gas
pressure to the control.
Disconnect power from the appliance.
Shut off the gas to the appliance.
Remove the manometer from the pressure tap on top of
the gas valve. Re-tighten the set screw inside the pressure
tap.
When re-tightening the set screw, be sure to
 WARNING tighten securely to prevent gas leaks.
Do not check for gas leaks with an open
flame -- use the bubble test. Failure to
use the bubble test or check for gas leaks
can cause severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
14. Reconnect gas to the appliance.
15. Reconnect power to the appliance.
16. Adjust the temperature set point on the control panel of
the electronic control module to the desired water
temperature so the appliance will call for heat.
Installation & Service Manual
6
Gas connections
(continued)
17. Check burner performance by cycling the system while
you observe burner response. The burner should ignite
promptly. Flame pattern should be stable. Turn system
off and allow burner to cool, then cycle burner again to
ensure proper ignition and flame characteristics.
Figure 6-4 Inlet Gas Supply Check - Models 126-065
-- 286-125
Gas pressure
The gas pressure must remain between 4 inches w.c. (natural),
8 inches w.c. (LP) minimum and 14 inches w.c. (natural and
LP) maximum during stand-by (static) mode and while in
operating (dynamic) mode. If an in-line regulator is used, it
must be a minimum of 10 feet from the Shield water heater.
It is very important that the gas line is properly purged by the
gas supplier or utility company. Failure to properly purge the
lines or improper line sizing, will result in ignition failure.
The problem is especially noticeable in NEW LP installations
and also in empty tank situations. This can also occur when
a utility company shuts off service to an area to provide
maintenance to their lines.
Gas valve replacement
DETAIL
IMG00477
LOOSEN THE SET SCREW ONE (1) FULL TURN AND
PLACE THE MANOMETER TUBING OVER THE
PRESSURE TAP
Figure 6-5 Inlet Gas Supply Check - Model 401-125
The gas valve MUST NOT be replaced with a conventional
gas valve under any circumstances. As an additional safety
feature, this gas valve has a flanged connection to the venturi
and blower.
 WARNING Failure to follow all precautions could
result in fire, explosion, or death!
 WARNING
DO NOT attempt to measure gas valve
outlet pressure. The gas valve is factory-set
for the correct outlet pressure. This setting
is suitable for natural gas and propane
(when configured for LP), requiring no
field adjustment. Attempting to measure
the gas valve outlet pressure could
result in damage to the valve, causing
potential severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
DETAIL
IMG00479
LOOSEN THE SET SCREW ONE (1) FULL TURN AND
PLACE THE MANOMETER TUBING OVER THE
PRESSURE TAP
Figure 6-6 Inlet Gas Supply Check - Model 501-125
DETAIL
IMG00479
LOOSEN THE SET SCREW ONE (1) FULL TURN AND
PLACE THE MANOMETER TUBING OVER THE
PRESSURE TAP
45
Installation & Service Manual
7
Field wiring
 WARNING
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD – For
your safety, turn off electrical power supply
before making any electrical connections
to avoid possible electric shock hazard.
Failure to do so can cause severe personal
injury or death.
Wiring must be N.E.C. Class 1.
NOTICE
If original wiring as supplied with the
water heater must be replaced, use only
type 105°C wire or equivalent.
The water heater must be electrically
grounded as required by National
Electrical Code ANSI/NFPA 70 – latest
edition.
 CAUTION
Label all wires prior to disconnection
when servicing controls. Wiring errors can
cause improper and dangerous operation.
Low voltage connections
1. Route all low voltage wires through the knockouts in the
top of the water heater, as shown in FIG. 7-1.
2. Connect low voltage wiring to low voltage connection
board as shown in FIG. 7-3 on page 47 of this manual and
the water heater wiring diagram.
Installation must comply with:
1. National Electrical Code and any other national, state,
provincial, or local codes, or regulations.
2. In Canada, CSA C22.1 Canadian Electrical Code Part 1, and
any local codes.
Power cord connection
This water heater is designed to operate with 120 VAC and 60
Hz power supply. If allowed by local codes, connect the power
cord provided with the heater to a GFI protected outlet on a
separate circuit and breaker (15 amp recommended). Ensure
the circuit cannot be interrupted by a switch used to control
lights or other appliances.
If local codes do not allow for the use of the power cord, remove
the cord from the junction box found on the side of the control
support bracket (FIG. 7-2) and attach conduit to the junction
box. Route the wires out of the appliance to a GFI protected
outlet on a separate circuit and breaker (15 amp recommended).
 WARNING
Figure 7-1 Routing Field Wiring
LOW VOLTAGE
WIRING
KNOCKOUTS
Use of an extension cord is NOT allowed. If
a suitable electrical outlet is not within reach
of the supplied power cord, a new receptacle
must be installed or the power cord must
be replaced with hard conduit as described
above.
Figure 7-2 Remove Power Cord
POWER
CORD
JUNCTION BOX
MODELS: 126-100 -- 201-100
POWER CORD
JUNCTION BOX
Enable switch
IMG00480
An external switch or contact may be used to enable/disable
the water heater. To connect the enable switch, remove the
jumper wire from across the ENABLE terminals on the low
voltage connection board and connect the wires from the
switch in its place. Note that the freeze protection feature
will still fire the heater even though the enable input is open.
IMG00482
MODELS: 286-125 -- 501-125
Runtime contacts
The electronic control closes a set of dry contacts whenever
the burner is running. This is typically used by Building
Management Systems to verify that the water heater is
responding to a call for heat.
Louver relay output / louver proving
switch input
Alarm contacts
When installed using the optional room air configuration,
the heater is able to control powered louvers used to allow
outside air into the room. Connect the 24VAC control
relay coil to the LOUVER RELAY output on the low voltage
connection board. Remove the jumper wire from the
LOUVER PROVING SWITCH terminals on the low voltage
connection board and connect the louver proving switch
wires in its place.
46
The electronic control closes another set of contacts whenever
the water heater is locked out or the power is turned off.
This can be used to turn on an alarm, or signal a Building
Management System that the water heater is down. Note that
the alarm contacts will close momentarily after each call for
heat.
Installation & Service Manual
7
Field wiring
(continued)
LOW WATER
CUTOFF
BUILDING
MANAGMENT
SYSTEM
ALARM BELL
IMG00552
Figure 7-3 Low Voltage Field Wiring Connections
47
Installation & Service Manual
7
Field wiring
Figure 7-4 Control Inputs/Outputs
LOUVER PROVING
SWITCH
INPUTS
LOW VOLTAGE
CONNECTION
BOARD
LOW WATER CUTOFF
ENABLE SWITCH
TANK SENSOR
INLET TEMPERATURE
SENSOR
OUTLET TEMPERATURE /
HIGH LIMIT SENSOR
FLUE GAS SENSOR
BLOCKED AIR PRESSURE SWITCH
FLAME SENSOR
BLOCKED DRAIN SWITCH
CONTROL BOARD
DOOR TEMPERATURE SWITCH
IMG00484
DISPLAY PANEL
LOW VOLTAGE
CONNECTION
BOARD
ALARM BELL
RUN TIME CONTACTS
LOUVER
RELAY
WHR PUMP
IGNITOR
BLOWER
IMG00484
GAS VALVE
CONTROL BOARD
DISPLAY PANEL
48
OUTPUTS
Installation & Service Manual
8
Condensate disposal
Condensate drain
1. This water heater is a high efficiency appliance that
produces condensate.
2. Slope condensate tubing down and away from the
water heater into a drain or condensate neutralizing
filter. Condensate from the Shield water heater will be
slightly acidic (typically with a pH from 3 to 5). Install a
neutralizing filter if required by local codes.
A Neutralizer Kit is available from the factory
(100157721).
Note: The Neutralizer Kit MUST BE installed horizontally.
NOTICE
To allow for proper drainage on large
horizontal runs, a second line vent may
be required and tubing size may need to
increase to 1 inch.
The condensate line must remain
unobstructed, allowing free flow of
condensate. If condensate is allowed to
freeze in the line or if the line is obstructed
in any other manner, condensate can exit
from the water heater condensate trap,
resulting in potential water damage to
property.
3. Do not expose condensate line to freezing temperatures.
NOTICE
Use materials approved by the authority
having jurisdiction. In the absence of
other authority, PVC and CPVC pipe
must comply with ASTM D1785 or
D2845. Cement and primer must comply
with ASME D2564 or F493. For Canada
use CSA or ULC certified PVC or CPVC
pipe, fittings, and cement.
4. A condensate removal pump is required if the water heater
is below the drain. When installing a condensate pump,
select one approved for use with condensing water heaters
and furnaces. The pump should have an overflow switch
to prevent property damage from condensate spillage. The
switch should be wired to the auxiliary device proving
switch terminals on the low voltage connection board.
Figure 8-1 Condensate Disposal
1/2" (12.7 mm) PVC ELBOW
(FIELD INSTALLED)
NEUTRALIZER KIT
FLOOR DRAIN OR
DRAIN PAN
IMG00486
49
Installation & Service Manual
9
Start-up
Chlorine concentration less than 200 ppm
1. Do not fill the water heater or operate with water
containing chlorine in excess of 200 ppm.
2. Filling with chlorinated fresh water should be acceptable
since drinking water chlorine levels are much lower.
3. Do not use the water heater to directly heat swimming
pool or spa water.
 WARNING
Propane water heaters only – Your propane
supplier mixes an odorant with the propane
to make its presence detectable. In some
instances, the odorant can fade, and the gas
may no longer have an odor. Before startup
(and periodically thereafter), have the
propane supplier verify the correct odorant
level in the gas.
Inspect/fill condensate system
4. At initial fill and during water heater startup and testing,
check system thoroughly for any leaks. Repair all leaks
before proceeding further.
Inspect/check condensate lines and fittings
Check for gas leaks
Fill condensate trap with water
1. Inspect the condensate drain line, condensate PVC fittings
and condensate trap.
Before starting the water heater, and
during initial operation, smell near
the floor and around the water heater
for gas odorant or any unusual odor.
Remove the top access panel and smell
the interior of the water heater enclosure.
Do not proceed with startup if there is any
indication of a gas leak. Use an approved
leak detection solution. Repair any leaks
at once.
1. Remove the PVC cap retaining screw from the PVC cap
(FIG. 9-1).
DO NOT attempt to measure gas valve
 WARNING
outlet pressure. The gas valve is factoryset for the correct outlet pressure. This
setting is suitable for natural gas and
propane (when configured for LP),
requiring no field adjustment. Attempting
to measure the gas valve outlet pressure
could result in damage to the valve,
causing potential severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
The condensate trap (FIG. 9-1) must be filled
 WARNING with water during all times of water heater
operation to avoid flue gas emission from
the condensate drain line. Failure to fill the
trap could result in severe personal injury
or death.
 WARNING
Figure 9-1 Condensate Trap
2. Remove the 2 inch PVC cap with the switch located at the
top of the trap (FIG. 9-1).
3. Fill with fresh water until the water begins to pour out of
the drain.
4. Replace the cap. Press the cap onto the trap until the cap
makes contact with the drain.
5. Replace the retaining screw.
Final checks before starting the water
heater
 Read this manual to familiarize yourself with electronic
control module operation. Read pages 52 and 53 for proper
steps to start the water heater.
 Verify the water heater and system are full of water and all
system components are correctly set for operation.
 Verify the preparation procedures of Section 9, pages 50
and 51 have been completed.
NYLON CABLE
CLAMP
RETAINING SCREW
1/2" PVC UNION
 Fill the vent condensate trap with water (removing the
retaining screw in order to remove the 2 inch PVC cap with
the switch located at the top of the trap). Replace the cap.
Press the cap onto the trap until the cap makes contact with
the drain. Replace the retaining screw.
 Verify electrical connections are correct and securely
attached.
IMG00487
50
 Inspect vent piping and air piping for signs of deterioration
from corrosion, physical damage or sagging. Verify air
piping and vent piping are intact and correctly installed per
this manual.
Installation & Service Manual
9
Start-up
(continued)
Start the water heater
Check flame and combustion
1. Read and follow the Operating instructions in FIG.’s 9-2
and 9-3, pages 52 and 53.
1. Shut the water heater down by pressing the UP button
for five (5) seconds.
If water heater does not start correctly
1. Check for loose connections, blown fuse or service switch
off.
2. Locate the flue sensor in the vent connection.
Remove the flue sensor and grommet from the unit.
Note: Combustion measurements will be made at this
point.
2. Is external limit control (if used) open? Is water temperature
above 200°F?
3. Place the water heater in active position by pressing the
UP button for five (5) seconds.
3. Is tank set point set below tank temperature?
4. Press ENTER plus the UP button for five (5) seconds to
enter Service Mode.
4. Is gas turned on at meter and water heater?
5. Is incoming gas pressure less than 4 inches w.c.?
If none of the above corrects the problem, refer to the
Troubleshooting section of this manual.
Check system and water heater
 Check water piping
5. Insert the probe from a combustion analyzer into the
hole left by the removal of the flue temperature sensor.
6. Once the water heater has modulated up to full fire,
measure the combustion. The values should be in the
range listed in Table 9A. The CO levels should be less
than 150 ppm for a properly installed unit.
If the combustion is not within the specified range,
reference the Troubleshooting section of this manual for
possible causes and corrective actions.
1. Check system piping for leaks. If found, shut down the
water heater and repair immediately.
2. Check Delta T. Ensure Delta T is less than 25°F, if not,
reference Section 12 - Troubleshooting.
3. Vent any remaining air from the system using manual vents.
Air in the system will interfere with circulation and cause
hot water distribution problems and noise.
 Check vent piping and air piping
7. Once the combustion analysis is complete, exit Service
Mode.
Table 9A Flue Products Chart
Natural Gas
CO2
O2
CO2
O2
8.0% - 10%
3.0% - 6.5%
9.0% - 11%
4.1% - 6.9%
1. Check for gastight seal at every connection, seam of air
8.
piping, and vent piping.
 WARNING
Venting system must be sealed gastight
to prevent flue gas spillage and carbon
monoxide emissions, which will result in
severe personal injury or death.
 Check gas piping
1. Check around the water heater for gas odor following the
procedure on page 42 of this manual (Connecting Gas
Supply Piping).
 WARNING
Propane
9.
Replace the flue sensor and grommet into the vent
connection.
Place the Shield water heater back into normal operation.
 WARNING
You must replace the
prevent flue gas spillage
Failure to comply could
personal injury, death,
property damage.
flue sensor to
into the room.
result in severe
or substantial
If you discover evidence of any gas leak,
shut down the water heater at once. Find
the leak source with a bubble test and repair
immediately. Do not start the water heater
again until corrected. Failure to comply
could result in severe personal injury, death,
or substantial property damage.
51
Installation & Service Manual
9
Start-up
Figure 9-2 Operating Instructions - Models 126-065 -- 286-125
52
Installation & Service Manual
9
Start-up
(continued)
Figure 9-3 Operating Instructions - Models 401-125 -- 501-125
53
Installation & Service Manual
10
Operating information
General
How the water heater operates
The Shield water heater combines an advanced stainless
steel heat exchanger, electronic control module, and tank
that allows fully condensing operation. The blower pulls in
air and pushes flue products out of the heat exchanger and
flue piping. The control module regulates blower speed to
control the water heater firing rate. The gas valve senses
the amount of air flowing into the water heater and allows
only the right amount of gas to flow. An internal pump
circulates the water between the tank and heater and mixes
the incoming water to provide maximum efficiency.
The control monitors the temperature difference between the
heat exchanger inlet and the heat exchanger outlet sensors.
If this difference exceeds 25°F the control will reduce the fan
speed. If the temperature difference exceeds 30°F the control
will shut the unit down. The unit will restart automatically once
the temperature difference has dropped below 25°F and the
minimum off time has expired.
Freeze protection
DO NOT install the water heater in a room likely to freeze.
The following integral feature of the electronic control module
provides some protection for the water heater.
•
Temperature control
Modulation
The Shield water heater is capable of modulating its firing
rate from a minimum of 20% to a maximum of 100%. The
firing rate is dictated by the hot water draw and various
other temperature limitations.
Night setback
The controller may be programmed to reduce the tank set
point during a certain time each day. There are seven (7)
start and seven (7) stop triggers.
•
•
•
The electronic control module provides freezeup protection as follows when the water heater water
temperature drops below 45°F:
Below 45°F, the internal pump operates constantly.
Below 37°F, the burner turns on.
The burner and pump will turn off if water
heater water temperature rises above 45°F.
 CAUTION This feature of the electronic control module
does not eliminate the possibility of freezing.
The installation must still use recognized
design, installation and maintenance
practice to prevent freeze potential for the
water heater.
Flame current support
Runtime and alarm outputs
To prevent nuisance shutdowns when the water heater is
firing at minimum rates, the control will increase fan speed
when the flame signal drops too low.
The water heater provides dry contacts for indicating when the
water heater is running, and when it is unable to operate.
Protection features
The control will hold in memory the last 10 faults. The date
and time of the occurrence will be recorded as well. Only the 10
most current occurrences will be held in memory.
Outlet temperature, flue
temperature rise limiting
temperature,
and
The heat exchanger outlet temperature is monitored by the
heat exchanger outlet temperature sensor. When the heat
exchanger outlet temperature exceeds 190°F, the unit will
reduce the fan speed. If the heat exchanger outlet water
temperature exceeds 198°F the control will shut the unit
down until it cools off.
The control module monitors the flue temperature by a
sensor located in the flue exhaust. If the flue temperature
exceeds 215°F the control will reduce the maximum fan
speed. If the flue temperature exceeds 225°F (107°C)
the control will shut the unit down. The unit will restart
automatically once the flue temperature drops 10°F (6°C)
and the minimum off time has expired.
54
Error logging
Installation & Service Manual
10
Operating information
(continued)
Water heater temperature regulation
Adjustable control parameters
Operating temperature (target)
Date and time
The electronic control module senses water temperature in
the tank and regulates water heater ignition and firing rate to
achieve a target temperature. The target temperature can be
set between 60°F and 185°F.
The control uses an internal clock for the night setback feature
and for logging of events. For these features to work correctly,
the clock must be set when the water heater is first installed or
anytime the water heater has been powered off for more than
15 minutes. Note that hours are displayed as 24 hour time
(2:00PM = 14:00). Days are displayed as a number (Monday =
1, Tuesday = 2, ..., Sunday = 7).
High limit operations
The Shield water heater is equipped with a fixed automatic
reset high limit and an adjustable manual reset high limit.
The automatic reset high limit has a set point of 200°F and
the manual reset high limit has a maximum set point of
210°F.
When the outlet temperature exceeds 200°F, the automatic
high limit action occurs. The water heater shuts down until
the outlet water temperature cools below 190°F, and a 60
second timer has expired. If the outlet temperature continues
to increase, the manual reset high limit action will occur at
210°F.
NOTICE
The internal clock does not adjust for
Daylight Savings Time and therefore, will
require a manual adjustment.
User adjustable parameters
To access the User Adjustable Parameter Menu, press and
hold the ENTER button for five (5) seconds. Once pressed,
the temperature unit’s adjustment will be shown. Press the
ENTER button to cycle to other adjustment values. Once you
have cycled through all of the values, the new values will be
saved.
High limit test procedure
NOTICE
1.
2.
3.
Please note that the brackets ([]) denote
screen status.
Connect the water heater to 120V power.
Note the outlet temperature shown on the display.
Press and hold the ENTER and DOWN keys until “P01”
appears in the lower digits on the display.
4. Press and hold the DOWN key until the set point shown
in the upper digits is less than the outlet temperature (or
it reaches its minimum setting, whichever is higher).
5. Press the ENTER key four (4) times. The word “SET” will
appear on the display.
6. Once the outlet temperature reaches the new Manual
Reset High Limit setting, the control will lock out, run
the blower and DHW pump, and display “E15” in the
lower digits on the display. It may be necessary to
activate Service Mode to bring the outlet temperature
above the Manual Reset High Limit set point. Press and
hold the ENTER and UP keys for 5 seconds to activate
Service Mode.
7. Press the ENTER and DOWN keys again until ‘P01”
appears in the lower digits.
8. Press and hold the UP key to readjust the set point to the
desired setting.
9. Press the ENTER key four (4) times. The word “SET” will
appear on the display.
10. Press the RESET key to clear the Manual Reset High
Limit.
11. If Service Mode was activated, press ENTER for 5
seconds to deactivate Service Mode.
Table 10A User Adjustable Parameters
Code
Description
u01
Temperature Units (°C/°F)
u02
Hot Water Set Point
u03
Year
u04
Month
u05
Day
u06
Hour
u07
Minute
Installer settings
Set the Hot Water (HW) Temperature as follows:
1. Press and hold the ENTER button for five (5) seconds.
2. Press ENTER again and the u02 Screen should appear.
3. Press the UP and DOWN buttons to set the temperature.
4. Once you have successfully set the temperature, press the
ENTER button seven (7) times to save your data.
55
Installation & Service Manual
10
Operating information
Table 10B Temperature Parameter Settings
Code
p01
Manual Reset High Limit
Set Point
210
32
210
p02
Night Setback Set Point
0
0
90
p03
Maximum Tank Set Point
125
32
190
p04
HW Pump Delay
0:30
--
HW Temp
125
0:00 0:40:00
60
185
Installer adjustable parameters
To access the Installer Adjustable Parameter Menu, press
and hold the ENTER and DOWN buttons simultaneously
for five (5) seconds. Once pressed, the temperature unit’s
adjustment will be shown. Press the OK button to cycle to
other adjustment values. Once you have cycled through all
of the values, the new values will be saved.
Table 10C Installer Adjustable Parameters
Description
p01
Manual Reset High Limit
p02
Night Setback Offset
p03
Maximum Tank Set Point
p04
Pump Delay Time
Night setback
The day of the week (1 - 7) for that trigger will then appear
in the lower digits on the display (1 = Monday, 2 = Tuesday,
etc.,). Press the UP or DOWN buttons to change the day of
the week, then press the ENTER button.
5.
The time for that trigger then appears in a 24 hour format
(for example, 2:00 PM = 1400), with the hours digits
flashing. Use the UP and DOWN buttons to adjust the
hours, then press the ENTER button.
6.
The minutes digits will then start flashing. Press the UP
and DOWN buttons to adjust the minutes. If you are
finished programming all of the triggers, press and hold the
ENTER key for 5 seconds. Otherwise, press the ENTER
button once. The bottom digits will clear and the top
digits will show ON or OFF again. Go back to Step 2 of this
procedure.
Factory
Min Max
Default
Description
Code
4.
Low water cutoff protection
The electronic control module uses sensing of both heat
exchanger supply and return temperatures. If the flow rate
is too low or either temperature too high, the control module
modulates and shuts the burner down. This ensures water
heater shutdown in the event of low water or low flow
conditions in the heat exchanger.
To turn the heater ON/OFF
To turn the heater ON, press the UP button and hold it for five
(5) seconds. To turn the heater OFF, press the UP button and
hold again for five (5) seconds.
Service mode
Access the Night Setback Menu by pressing the UP and To control the modulation of the heater for troubleshooting
DOWN buttons simultaneously for five (5) seconds.
procedures, the Service Mode can be accessed by pressing the
This feature allows the user to lower the tank set point at ENTER and UP buttons simultaneously, holding them for five
certain times each week. The Night Setback Offset (see Installer (5) seconds. Once in the Service Mode, the UP and DOWN
Adjustable Parameters, this page) determines how much the set buttons control the speed of the blower. To toggle between
point is lowered. The times at which the set point is lowered the maximum and minimum speeds, press the ENTER button
are controlled by seven (7) start triggers and seven (7) stop momentarily. When ready to return to the normal state, press
triggers. Each trigger can be set to any time on any day. When the ENTER button for five (5) seconds. The control will also
the internal clock (see User Adjustable Parameters, page 55) leave Service Mode in the event of a lockout.
reaches a start trigger, Night Setback will begin. When the
Error logging
internal clock reaches a stop trigger, Night Setback will end.
When a start trigger and a stop trigger are programmed to the To access the error log, press the DOWN button for five (5)
same day and time, the stop trigger will have priority, so Night seconds. The error codes will be displayed beginning with the
Setback will not become active. (The default settings are all most recent. The top number indicating the error number
set to the same day and time.) Use the following procedure to starting with “1” being the most recent. The bottom of the
display will show the following information in two (2) second
adjust the triggers:
intervals:
1. Press the UP and DOWN buttons simultaneously for five
1.
Error Code
(5) seconds.
2.
Hour and Minute of the Error
2. The top digits on the display will show the trigger type. To 3.
Date of the Error
change from ON to OFF, or back, press the UP or DOWN 4.
Year of the Error
button, then press the ENTER button.
To view the next error press the UP button. To pause the
3. The trigger number will then appear. Press the UP information on the screen, press and hold the ENTER button,
or DOWN buttons to change the trigger number you are when released it will skip to the next value. To leave the Error
programming, then press the ENTER button.
Log Menu press and hold the DOWN button for five (5)
seconds.
56
Installation & Service Manual
10
Operating information
(continued)
Shield control module
Use the control panel (FIG. 10-1) to set temperatures, operating conditions, and monitor water heater operation.
Figure 10-1 Control Panel
• Press to select various operating
data
• Press to adjust parameters in
menus
IMG00553
• Press to reset the water heater
when in a lockout
• Press to select the next menu item
• Press to store paramater data after
paramater programming
• Press to exit Service Mode
57
Installation & Service Manual
11
Maintenance
Maintenance and annual startup
Table 11A Service and Maintenance Schedules
Service technician
Owner maintenance
(see the following pages for instructions)
General:
• Address reported problems
• Inspect interior; clean and vacuum if
necessary;
• Clean condensate trap and fill with fresh
water
Daily
• Check water heater area
ANNUAL START-UP
• Check for leaks (water, gas, flue,
condensate)
• Verify flue and air lines in good condition
and sealed tight
• Check system water pressure/system
piping/expansion tank
• Check control settings
• Check ignition and flame sense electrodes
(sand off any deposits; clean and
reposition)
• Check vent piping
• Check wiring and connections
• Perform
start-up
checkout
and
performance verification per Section 9
in this manual.
• Check air piping
Monthly
• Check relief valve
• Check condensate drain system
• Flame inspection (stable, uniform)
• Check Delta T (Temperature Rise)
• Flame signal (at least 10 microamps at
high fire)
• Clean the heat exchanger if flue
temperature is more than 54°F above
return water temperature.
• Check anode rods.
• Check Delta T (Temperature Rise)
If combustion
indicate need:
or
performance
Every
6 months
• Clean heat exchanger
• Remove and clean
compressed air only
• Clean the blower wheel
58
burner
using
• Check water heater piping
(gas and water) for leaks
• Operate relief valve
Installation & Service Manual
11
Maintenance
(continued)
 WARNING
Follow the service and maintenance procedures given throughout this manual and in component literature
shipped with the water heater. Failure to perform the service and maintenance could result in damage to the
water heater or system. Failure to follow the directions in this manual and component literature could result
in severe personal injury, death, or substantial property damage.
 WARNING
The water heater should be inspected annually only by a qualified service technician. In addition, the
maintenance and care of the water heater designated in Table 11A and explained on the following pages must
be performed to assure maximum water heater efficiency and reliability. Failure to service and maintain the
water heater and system could result in equipment failure.
 WARNING
Electrical shock hazard – Turn off power to the water heater before any service operation on the water heater
except as noted otherwise in this instruction manual. Failure to turn off electrical power could result in
electrical shock, causing severe personal injury or death.
Address reported problems
 WARNING
1. Inspect any problems reported by the owner and correct
before proceeding.
Inspect water heater area
1. Verify that water heater area is free of any combustible
materials, gasoline and other flammable vapors and
liquids.
2. Verify that air intake area is free of any of the contaminants
listed in Section 1 of this manual. If any of these are
present in the water heater intake air vicinity, they must
be removed. If they cannot be removed, reinstall the air
and vent lines per this manual.
Inspect water heater interior
1. Remove the pump access panel and inspect the interior
of the water heater.
2. Vacuum any sediment from inside the water heater and
components. Remove any obstructions.
Clean condensate trap
1. Inspect the condensate drain line, condensate PVC
fittings, and condensate trap.
2. Remove the PVC cap retaining screw from the PVC cap
(FIG. 11-1).
3. Remove the 2 inch PVC cap with the switch located at
the top of the trap (FIG. 11-1).
4. Remove any sediment in the trap.
5. Fill with fresh water until the water begins to pour out
of the drain.
6. Replace the cap. Press the cap onto the trap until the
cap makes contact with the drain.
7. Replace the retaining screw.
Figure 11-1 Condensate Trap
The condensate trap must be filled with water
during all times of water heater operation to
avoid flue gas emission from the condensate
drain line. Failure to fill the trap could result
in severe personal injury or death.
Check all piping for leaks
 WARNING
Eliminate all system or water heater leaks.
Leaking water may cause severe property
damage.
1. Inspect all water and gas piping and verify to be leak free.
2. Look for signs of leaking lines and correct any problems
found.
3. Check gas line using the procedure found in Section 7 - Gas
Connections.
Flue vent system and air piping
1.
Visually inspect the entire flue gas venting system and air
piping for blockage, deterioration or leakage. Repair any
joints that show signs of leakage. Verify that air inlet pipe
is connected and properly sealed.
2.
Verify that water heater vent discharge and air intake are
clean and free of obstructions.
 WARNING
Failure to inspect for the above conditions
and have them repaired can result in severe
personal injury or death.
Check water system
1. Verify all system components are correctly installed and
operational.
2. Check the cold fill pressure for the system. Verify it is
correct (must be a minimum of 12 PSI).
NYLON CABLE
CLAMP
RETAINING SCREW
1/2" PVC UNION
3. Watch the system pressure as the water heater heats up
(during testing) to ensure pressure does not rise too high.
Excessive pressure rise indicates expansion tank sizing or
performance problem.
4. Inspect automatic air vents and air separators. Remove air
vent caps and briefly push valve to flush vent. Replace caps.
Make sure vents do not leak. Replace any leaking vents.
IMG00487
59
Installation & Service Manual
11
Maintenance
Check expansion tank
1. Expansion tanks provide space for water to move in and
out as the water expands due to temperature increase or
contracts as the water cools. Tanks must be approved for
potable water systems. See Section 5 - System Piping for
suggested best location of expansion tanks.
Check water heater relief valve
2. After following the warning directions, if the relief valve
weeps or will not seat properly, replace the relief valve.
Ensure that the reason for relief valve weeping is the valve
and not over-pressurization of the system due to expansion
tank waterlogging or undersizing.
Inspect ignition and flame sense
electrodes
Inspect the relief valve and lift the lever to verify flow.
Before operating any relief valve, ensure that it is
piped with its discharge in a safe area to avoid severe
scald potential. Read Section 5 - System Piping before
proceeding further.
1. Remove the ignition and flame sense electrodes from the
water heater heat exchanger access cover.
Safety relief valves should be re-inspected
AT LEAST ONCE EVERY THREE
YEARS, by a licensed plumbing contractor
or authorized inspection agency, to ensure
that the product has not been affected
by corrosive water conditions and to
ensure that the valve and discharge line
have not been altered or tampered with
illegally. Certain naturally occurring
conditions may corrode the valve or its
components over time, rendering the
valve inoperative. Such conditions are
not detectable unless the valve and its
components are physically removed and
inspected. This inspection must only be
conducted by a plumbing contractor or
authorized inspection agency – not by
the owner. Failure to re-inspect the water
heater relief valve as directed could result
in unsafe pressure buildup, which can
result in severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
3. Replace ignition/flame sense electrode, making sure gasket
is in good condition and correctly positioned.
Following installation, the valve lever
 WARNING must be operated AT LEAST ONCE
A YEAR to ensure that waterways are
clear. Certain naturally occurring
mineral deposits may adhere to the valve,
rendering it inoperative. When manually
operating the lever, water will discharge
and precautions must be taken to avoid
contact with hot water and to avoid water
damage. Before operating lever, check
to see that a discharge line is connected
to this valve directing the flow of hot
water from the valve to a proper place
of disposal. Otherwise severe personal
injury may result. If no water flows, valve
is inoperative. Shut down the water heater
until a new relief valve has been installed.
2. Check settings of external limit controls (if any) and adjust
if necessary.
1.
 WARNING
60
2. Remove any deposits accumulated on the ignition/flame
sense electrode using sandpaper. If the electrodes cannot
be cleaned satisfactorily, replace with new ones.
Check ignition ground wiring
1. Inspect water heater ground wire from the heat exchanger
access cover to ground terminal strip.
2. Verify all wiring is in good condition and securely attached.
3. Check ground continuity of wiring using continuity meter.
4. Replace ground wires if ground continuity is not satisfactory.
Check all water heater wiring
1. Inspect all water heater wiring, making sure wires are in
good condition and securely attached.
Check control settings
1. Set the control module display to Parameter Mode and
check all settings. Adjust settings if necessary. See Section
10 of this manual for adjustment procedures.
Perform start-up and checks
1.
Start water heater and perform checks and tests specified in
Section 9 - Start-up.
2.
Verify cold fill pressure is correct and that operating
pressure does not go too high.
Installation & Service Manual
11
Maintenance
(continued)
Check burner flame
Handling ceramic fiber materials
1.
Inspect flame through observation window.
2.
If the flame is unsatisfactory at either high fire or low
fire, turn off water heater and allow water heater to
cool down. Remove the burner and clean it thoroughly
using a vacuum cleaner or compressed air. Do not use
compressed air to clean burner if performed inside a
building.
REMOVAL OF COMBUSTION CHAMBER
LINING
3.
Remove the burner, reference FIG. 11-2 below.
4.
When replacing the burner, ensure gasket is in good
condition and positioned correctly (FIG. 11-2).
Figure 11-2 Burner Assembly
 WARNING
The combustion chamber insulation in
this appliance contains ceramic fiber
material. Ceramic fibers can be converted
to cristobalite in very high temperature applications. The
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has
concluded, “Crystalline silica inhaled in the form of quartz
or cristobalite from occupational sources is carcinogenic to
humans (Group 1).” Normal operating temperatures in this
appliance are below the level to convert ceramic fibers to
cristobalite. Abnormal operating conditions would have to
be created to convert the ceramic fibers in this appliance to
cristobalite.
The ceramic fiber material used in this appliance is an irritant;
when handling or replacing the ceramic materials it is advisable
that the installer follow these safety guidelines.

Avoid breathing dust and contact with skin and eyes.
• Use NIOSH certified dust respirator (N95). This type of
respirator is based on the OSHA requirements for cristobalite
at the time this document was written. Other types of
respirators may be needed depending on the job site
conditions. Current NIOSH recommendations can be found
on the NIOSH website at http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/homepage.html.
NIOSH approved respirators, manufacturers, and phone
numbers are also listed on this website.
INSULATION
HEAT EXCHANGER
ACCESS COVER
BURNER
IMG00554
GASKET
AIR/GAS ARM
SCREWS
(QTY.5)
Check flame signal
1. At high fire the flame signal shown on the display should
be at least 10 microamps.
2. A lower flame signal may indicate a fouled or damaged
flame sense electrode. If cleaning the flame sense
electrode does not improve, ground wiring is in good
condition, and ground continuity is satisfactory, replace
the flame sense electrode.
3. See Section 12 - Troubleshooting for other procedures to
deal with low flame signal.
Review with owner
1. Emphasize the need to perform the maintenance schedule
specified in this manual.
2. Remind the owner of the need to call a licensed contractor
should the water heater or system exhibit any unusual
behavior.
• Wear long-sleeved, loose fitting clothing, gloves, and eye
protection.

Apply enough water to the combustion chamber lining to
prevent airborne dust.
 Remove the combustion chamber lining from the appliance
and place it in a plastic bag for disposal.
 Wash potentially contaminated clothes separately from
other clothing. Rinse clothes washer thoroughly.
NIOSH stated First Aid.
 Eye: Irrigate immediately.
 Breathing: Fresh air.
Cleaning heat exchanger
For recommended materials; including brush, appropriate
extension(s), refractory cover, and detailed instructions see
Table 11B - Heat Exchanger Cleaning Kits on page 62.
1. Shut down water heater:
• Follow the “To Turn Off Gas to Appliance” instructions
for the water heater in Section 9 - Startup.
• Do not drain the water heater unless it will be exposed
to freezing temperatures. If using freeze prevention
fluid in system, do not drain.
2. Allow time for the water heater to cool to room temperature
if it has been firing.
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Installation & Service Manual
11
Maintenance
3. Remove the nuts securing the heat exchanger access
cover to the heat exchanger and set aside.
4.
 CAUTION
* Do NOT use a metal brush. Only use
the kit provided brush or an equivalent
replacement nylon brush.
Figure 11-3 Rope Gasket - Heat Exchanger Door
Remove the heat exchanger access cover, burner, and
gas/air arm assembly.
ROPE GASKET
 WARNING The water heater contains ceramic fiber
materials. Use care when handling these
materials per instructions in this manual.
Failure to comply could result in severe
personal injury.
5. Remove the condensate hose from the heat exchanger
end. Connect a field supplied 3/4" diameter hose to
a drain pan. Using field supplied means, cover the
refractory in the back of the combustion chamber of the
heat exchanger.
6. Use a vacuum cleaner to remove any accumulation
on the water heater heating surfaces. Do not use any
solvent.
7. Brush the heat exchanger while dry using a nylon
bristle brush. Caution: DO NOT use a metal brush.
Re-vacuum the heat exchanger.
8. Finish cleaning using a clean cloth dampened with warm
water. Rinse out debris with a low pressure water supply.
9. Allow the heat exchanger to thoroughly dry.
10. Remove the field supplied rear refractory cover from the
back of the combustion chamber of the heat exchanger
and reassemble.
11. Close isolation valves on piping to isolate water heater
from system. Attach a hose to the water heater drain and
flush water heater thoroughly with clean water by using
purging valves to allow water to flow through the water
make-up line to the water heater.
12. Perform start-up and check-out procedures in the Check
Flame and Combustion - Section 9 - Startup on page 51
of this manual.
13. Replace the access cover and restore water heater to
operation.
CAUTION: IF GASKET IS DAMAGED
DO NOT REUSE, THE HEAT EXCHANGER DOOR
MUST BE REPLACED.
NOTICE
Rope gasket is intended for sealing combustion
(FIG. 11-3). If damaged DO NOT reuse, the
heat exchanger door must be replaced. Consult
factory for replacement heat exchanger door
(kit 100173749).
Oiled bearing circulators
1. The circulator shipped with the Shield water heater is waterlubricated. No oiling is required.
2. Check other circulators in the system. Oil any circulators
requiring oil, following circulator manufacturer’s
instructions. Over-oiling will damage the circulator.
Magnesium anode rod inspection
Glass lined storage tanks have a magnesium anode(s) (FIG. 11-4)
to provide cathodical protection of the lining and minimize
corrosion. Aggressive water conditions in some areas of the
country may accelerate the deterioration of the anode(s). The
anode(s) should be periodically removed and inspected to
determine if replacement is necessary.
The heater must be valved off from the system and fully drained
to remove an anode for inspection. Anodes are supplied in
threaded fittings on the side of the tank. Adequate service
clearance is required to allow removal of an anode. The anode(s)
should be replaced when more than six inches of the core wire is
exposed at either end of the rod.
Table 11B Heat Exchanger Cleaning Kits
Figure 11-4 Anode Location
Model
Kit Number
126-065
-201-100
Part Number Component Description
100140243
Rear Refractory Cover
100162565*
Nylon 4" Wheel Brush*
100162566
3mm Allen Wrench
100162568
1/4" x 24" Drill Extension
100140243
Rear Refractory Cover
100162565*
Nylon 4" Wheel Brush*
100162567
1/4" x 12" Drill Extension
100162568
1/4" x 24" Drill Extension
100157627
286-125
-401-125
ANODE RODS
IMG00489
NOTICE
501-125
62
100157628
Anode rods showing excessive decomposition
may indicate electrolysis. An earth ground
should be attached to the vessel to divert
stray current and prevent tank damage.
Installation & Service Manual
12
Troubleshooting
 WARNING
Label all wires prior to disconnection
when servicing controls. Wiring errors
can cause improper and dangerous
operation. Always disconnect power
to the water heater before servicing.
Failure to comply could result in severe
personal injury, death, or substantial
property damage.
Never jumper (bypass) any device except
 WARNING
for momentary testing as outlined in the
Troubleshooting chart. Severe personal
injury, death, or substantial property
damage can result.
Before troubleshooting:
Check control module fuses
NOTICE
ALWAYS check control module fuses
before replacing control module or any
major components (blower, etc.). If one
of these fuses is blown, it can prevent the
control module or other components from
operating.
1.
Turn OFF power to the water heater at the external
disconnect switch.
2.
Remove front access cover.
3.
Remove the control module cover.
4.
Inspect fuses F2, F3, F4, and F5, see FIG. 12-1 below.
Figure 12-1 Control Module Fuses
1. Have the following items:
a. Voltmeter that can check 120 VAC, 24 VAC, and
12 VDC.
b. Continuity checker.
c. Contact thermometer.
2. Check for 120 VAC (minimum 102 VAC to maximum
132 VAC) to water heater.
3. Make sure the tank is calling for heat.
F3 - .08 AMP FUSE
24V DC POWER
SUPPLY
F1 - 5 AMP
FUSE PUMPS
F2 - 3.15 AMP
FUSE BLOWER
4. Make sure all external limit controls are installed and
operating.
Check the following:
1. Wire connectors to control module and connection
board are securely plugged in.
IMG00490
5. The water heater is shipped with three (3) spare fuses in a
plastic bag attached to the control module cover.
6. If necessary, replace open fuse (F3 is 1.25 amps, F2 and F4
are 3.15 amps, and F5 is 5 amps).
Note: Fuses F2 - F5 are all slow blow fuses.
2. Gas pressures:
• Maximum: 14 inches w.c. (natural and LP) with no
flow (lockup) or with water heater on
• Minimum: 4 inches w.c. (natural), 8 inches w.c. (LP)
with gas flowing (verify during water heater startup)
 WARNING
Do not jumper fuse or replace with any fuse
except as specified. Failure to comply could
result in severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
7. Install control module cover and front access cover after
fuse inspection.
8. Restore power to the water heater at the external
disconnect switch and verify water heater operation
(Section 9 - Start-up) after completing water heater service.
63
Installation & Service Manual
12
Troubleshooting
Table 12A Troubleshooting Chart - No Display
FAULT
CAUSE
- No 120 VAC supplied to unit.
CORRECTIVE ACTION
• Check external line switch, fuse, or breaker.
• Check wiring harness connection between display
board and main control board. Connect harness at both
points.
No Display
No Burner
Operation
Unit Does
Not Modulate
Above 50%
- Bad display board.
• Replace board.
- Bad main control board.
• Replace the main control board.
- Blown fuse.
• Replace fuse F3 on the main control board, see
page 63 of this manual.
- Tank temperature set point satisfied.
• Review temperature setting.
- Unit locked out on fault.
• Consult display for specific fault. Refer to fault
descriptions on page 67 of this manual for corrective
actions.
- Flue sensor open.
• Verify that the flue sensor is located in the flue outlet.
• Check wiring connections at the flue sensor.
• Check the resistance of the flue sensor and compare
to Table 12C on page 65 of this manual.
64
Installation & Service Manual
12
Troubleshooting
(continued)
Checking temperature sensors
The water heater temperature sensors (inlet water, outlet water, tank water, and flue) are all resistance type devices. The following
tables show the correct values for the sensors at various temperatures. Use an ohmmeter to read the resistance of the sensor at a
known temperature. If the resistance of the sensor does not closely match its corresponding table, replace the sensor.
Table 12B - Inlet/Outlet Tank Sensor Resistance vs. Temperature
Temperature °F
Resistance 
Temperature °F
Resistance 
50
18,780
158
1,990
68
12,263
176
1,458
86
8,194
194
1,084
104
5,592
212
817
122
3,893
--
--
140
2,760
--
--
Table 12C - Flue Temperature Sensor Resistance vs. Temperature
Temperature °F
Resistance 
Temperature °F
Resistance 
68
14,773
176
1,707
86
9,804
194
1,266
104
6,652
212
952
122
4,607
230
726
140
3,252
248
560
158
2,337
--
--
65
Installation & Service Manual
12
Troubleshooting
Table 12D Troubleshooting Chart - Noisy System
FAULT
CAUSE
CORRECTIVE ACTION
- Supply gas problem. Natural gas pressures
should be between 4 inches w.c. and • Refer to Section 6 - Gas Connections for detailed
14 inches w.c. LP gas pressures should information concerning the gas supply.
be between 8 inches w.c. and 14 inches w.c.
Noisy
Operation
- Gas/air mixture problem.
• Refer to the Gas Valve Adjustment Procedure on
page 74 of this manual for the proper gas valve setting.
Verify that the vent/air intake lengths do not exceed the
maximum listed in the General Venting section.
- Dirty/damaged burner.
• Refer to page 62 in this manual for the burner removal
and inspection procedure. Clean or replace the burner
as necessary.
- Low water flow through the heat exchanger. • Very pump operation.
No Pump
Operation
Relief Valve
Opening
66
- Air in the piping system.
• Properly purge all air from the piping system.
- Blown fuse.
• Replace fuse F5 on the control board, see page 63 of
this manual.
- Faulty pump.
• Replace pump.
- Faulty pump relay.
• Replace pump relay.
- Internal fault on control board.
• Replace main control board.
- System pressure exceeds relief valve • Lower the system pressure below the 150 PSI rating of
setting.
the supplied relief valve.
Installation & Service Manual
12
Troubleshooting
(continued)
Table 12E Troubleshooting Chart - Fault Messages Displayed on Water Heater Interface
ERROR CODE
DESCRIPTION
CORRECTIVE ACTION
• Reset control module.
E00
Invalid lockout code.
• Switch power OFF and ON.
• Replace control module.
E01
The control module has detected parameter
settings that are corrupted.
• Replace control module.
• Vent/air intake lengths exceed the maximum allowed
lengths. Refer to Section 2 - General Venting for
proper lengths.
E02
(will require a manual
reset once the condition
has been corrected. Press
the RESET button on the
display to reset.)
The actual fan RPM is more than 30% above
or below the fan speed RPM target.
• Check for obstruction or blockage in the vent/air
intake pipes or at terminations.
• Check the wiring connections at the fan and at the
main control board.
• Replace the fan.
• Replace the main control board.
Blown fuse.
• Replace fuse F2 on the control board, see page 63
of this manual.
• Check pump operation on a call for heat.
E04
(will require a manual
reset once condition has
been corrected. Press
the RESET button on the
display to reset.)
Either the optional flow switch or the optional
low water cutoff is not making.
• Check for closed valves or obstructions in the
piping.
• Verify system is full of water and all air has been
purged from the system.
• Check for loose or misplaced jumpers if flow switch
or LWCO is not installed.
Blown fuse.
E05
(will require a manual
reset once the condition The flame detector circuit is seeing a flame
has been corrected. Press signal when the gas valve is closed.
the RESET button on the
display to reset.)
• Replace fuse F3 on the control board, see page 63
of this manual.
• Verify flame is not present. If present, turn off gas
supply and replace gas valve.
• Check supply voltage for proper polarity.
• Check external wiring for voltage feedback.
• Check the flame rod and make sure it is clean.
• Check the internal wiring for bad connections.
• Replace main control board.
67
Installation & Service Manual
12
Troubleshooting
Table 12E (continued from previous page) Troubleshooting Chart - Fault Messages Displayed on Water Heater Interface
ERROR CODE
E06
DESCRIPTION
CORRECTIVE ACTION
• Adjust the set point of the auto reset limit to a higher
setting up to a maximum of 200°F. Reference Section
10 - Operating Information for adjusting procedures.
• Verify that the system is full of water and that all air
has been properly purged from the system.
• Verify that the boiler is piped properly into the heating
system. Refer to Section 5 - System Piping
for the proper piping methods for the Shield water
heater.
• Check 120 vac to boiler pump motor on a call for
heat. If voltage is not present, check wiring back to
The outlet water temperature has exceeded
the main control board.
the setting of the automatic reset high limit.
• Replace the main control board if necessary.
• If 120 vac is present on a call for heat and the
pump is not operating, replace the pump.
• If operating on something other than an outlet sensor,
check temperature setting of the main control board.
• If the optional manual reset high limit has tripped,
check setting of the device.
• Check resistance of water sensors and compare to
Table 12B on page 65 of this manual. Replace
sensor if necessary.
AIR PRESSURE SWITCH
• Check the wiring connections to switch. Wires should
be connected to the common and normally closed
terminals.
Either the air pressure switch, the O-temp
heat exchanger switch, or the burner door • Air intake lengths exceed the maximum allowed
lengths. Refer to Section 2 - General Venting
temperature switch has opened.
for proper lengths.
• Check for obstruction or blockage in the air
intake pipes or at terminations.
If
the
burner
door • Check reference hoses connected to the air pressure
 WARNING temperature switch trips,
switch for blockage or obstruction.
the burner door and the • Inspect the burner. Reference page 61 of this manual
burner door temperature
for removal and cleaning procedures. Replace if
switch will be extremely
necessary.
HOT. Allow the unit to cool • Inspect the heat exchanger. Reference page 61 of
E07
before touching. Failure to
this manual for removal and cleaning procedures.
(will require a manual
follow this warning could • Faulty air pressure switch. Replace switch.
reset once the condition
result in severe personal
has been corrected.
O-TEMP HEX SWITCH
injury, death, or substantial
Press the RESET button
property damage.
(Applies
to the 286 Model Only):
on the display to reset.)
• Check the wiring connections to the fuse on the heat
exchanger.
• Check continuity across the thermal fuse. If open,
replace heat exchanger.
BURNER DOOR TEMPERATURE SWITCH
(Applies to the 286-125 -- 501-125 Models Only):
• The underlying cause of the fault must be identified
and resolved by a qualified service technician
before resetting the burner door temperature switch.
• Check continuity across two contacts. Wires should
be connected at both poles of the normally closed
switch.
• Faulty burner door temperature switch. Replace
burner door temperature switch.
68
Installation & Service Manual
12
Troubleshooting
(continued)
Table 12E (continued from previous page) Troubleshooting Chart - Fault Messages Displayed on Water Heater
Interface
ERROR CODE
E08
E09
DESCRIPTION
Louver proving switch open.
• Check wiring to louver proving switch.
• Check louver proving switch.
The blocked drain switch has detected
excessive condensate build up inside the
unit.
• Check condensate tube from unit to floor drain for
proper installation and obstructions.
• Inspect condensate trap for blockage. Clean if
necessary.
• Check for loose wiring connection at wire harness
plug.
• Bad blocked drain switch. Replace switch.
E11
(will require a manual
The unit has lost flame signal four (4) times
reset once the condition
during a call for heat.
has been corrected.
Press the RESET button
on the display to reset.)
E12
(will require a manual The unit has failed to prove main burner
reset once the condition ignition after four (4) attempts.
has been corrected.
Press the RESET button
on the display to reset.)
n05
CORRECTIVE ACTION
The fan speed is being increased due to the
flame current going below 5 microamps.
• Inspect spark electrode and associated wiring for
damage and connection. Reference page 60 of this
manual for removal and cleaning procedures.
Replace if necessary.
• Check for proper electrical grounding of the unit.
• Check incoming supply gas pressure. Natural gas
pressures should be between 4 - 14 inches w.c.
and LP gas pressures should be between 8 - 14
inches w.c. Refer to Section 6 - Gas Connections
for detailed information concerning the gas supply.
• Verify that the plastic hose from the gas valve to the
air inlet is connected and is not damaged.
• Verify that the vent/air intake pipes are correctly
installed and that there are no obstructions.
• Check for 24 vac to the gas valve at the 2-pin
connection on the side of the main control board
during the ignition attempt. If no voltage is present,
replace the main control board.
• If 24 vac is present at the main control board, check
the wiring between the main control board and the
gas valve. Replace the wiring if necessary. Do not
disconnect the wiring from the gas valve and attempt
to measure voltage at that point. The main control
board can detect if the gas valve is not connected
and will display the Gas Valve or Gas Valve Fail fault.
• If 24 vac is present, check the outlet of the valve to
ensure the valve is flowing gas. With a manometer
connected to the outlet tap of the gas valve, when the
unit is in the prepurge period, there should be a
negative pressure present. When the valve is
energized a change in pressure should occur. If the
pressure change does not occur, the gas valve is not
opening. Replace the gas valve.
• Inspect flame sensor and associated wiring.
Reference page 60 of this manual for removal and
cleaning procedures. Replace if necessary.
• Inspect and clean the heat exchanger as necessary.
Reference page 61 of this manual for cleaning
procedures.
• Inspect the burner. Reference page 61 of this manual
for removal and cleaning procedures. Replace if
necessary.
• Replace the main control board.
69
Installation & Service Manual
12
Troubleshooting
Table 12E (continued from previous page) Troubleshooting Chart - Fault Messages Displayed on Water Heater
Interface
ERROR CODE
DESCRIPTION
CORRECTIVE ACTION
The flue temperature has exceeded 250°F.
• Inspect the heat exchanger. Reference page 61 of
this manual for the procedure on how to clean the flue
side of the heat exchanger.
b05
The flue temperature has exceeded 240°F.
• Inspect the flue sensor and associated wiring.
Measure the resistance of the flue sensor and
compare to Table 12C on page 65 of this manual.
Replace the sensor if necessary.
n04
The fan speed is being limited due to the flue
temperature exceeding 215°F.
E13
• Verify that the vent/air intake pipes are properly
installed and that there are no obstructions.
• Replace the main control board.
• Verify that the system is full of water and that all air
has been properly purged from the system.
E15
(will require a manual
The outlet water temperature has exceeded • Verify that the boiler is piped properly into the heating
reset once the condition
system. Refer to Section 5 - System Piping
the 210°F manual reset high limit (MRHL)
has been corrected.
for the proper piping methods for the Shield water
setting.
Press the RESET button
heater.
on the display to reset.)
• Check 120 vac to pump motor on a call for
heat. If voltage is not present, check wiring back to
the main control board.
The outlet water temperature has exceeded
b03
195°F.
• Replace the main control board if necessary.
• If 120 vac is present on a call for heat and the boiler
pump is not operating, replace the pump.
n02
• If operating on something other than an outlet sensor,
check temperature setting of the main control board.
The fan speed is being limited due to the
outlet temperature exceeding 185°F.
• Check resistance of water sensors and compare to
Table 12B on page 65 of this manual. Replace
sensor if necessary.
E18
(will require a manual
The control module reads an excessive
reset once the condition
temperature difference between the two
has been corrected.
outlet sensors.
Press the RESET button
on the display to reset.)
• Check wiring to sensor. Make sure wiring is
connected and not damaged. Reconnect / repair
wiring if necessary.
• Measure the resistance of the sensor and compare
to the resistance in Table 12B on page 65 of this
manual. Replace sensor if necessary.
• Replace control module.
E19
(will require a manual
reset once the condition One or both of the flue sensors is open or
shorted.
has been corrected.
Press the RESET button
on the display to reset.)
70
• Inspect the flue sensor and associated wiring.
Measure the resistance of the flue sensor and
compare to Table 12C on page 65 of this manual.
Replace the sensor if necessary.
• Replace the main control board.
Installation & Service Manual
12
Troubleshooting
(continued)
Table 12E (continued from previous page) Troubleshooting Chart - Fault Messages Displayed on Water Heater
Interface
ERROR CODE
DESCRIPTION
E21
(will require a manual
reset once the condition One or both of the outlet sensors has
has been corrected. Press opened or shorted.
the RESET button on the
display to reset.)
CORRECTIVE ACTION
• Check the sensor and its associated wiring. Repair
or replace the sensor or wiring if damaged.
• Measure the resistances of the sensors and
compare the resistances to the tables on page 65.
Replace if necessary.
E22
(will require a manual
reset once the condition
The inlet sensor is open.
has been corrected. Press
the RESET button on the
display to reset.)
E23
• Check the sensor and its associated wiring. Repair
or replace the sensor or wiring if damaged.
(will require a manual
reset once the condition
The inlet sensor is shorted.
has been corrected. Press
the RESET button on the
display to reset.)
b01
b02
The temperature has reached the set point • None
+ 4°F.
The main control board has received a call
for heat too quickly after the previous call for
heat has ended.
• The control board will release the call for heat after
60 seconds.
• The control board will release the call for heat if the
outlet temperature drops 10°F.
• Verify that the system is full of water and that all air
has been properly purged from the system.
b04
The temperature rise across the heat • Check for 120 vac to the pump motor on a call
for heat. If voltage is not present, check the wiring
exchanger has exceeded 30°F.
on the pump relay back to the main control board.
Replace the main control board if necessary.
• If 120 vac is present on a call for heat and the
pump is not operating, replace the pump.
n03
The fan speed is being limited due to the
temperature rise across the heat exchanger
exceeding 25°F.
• Scale accumulation in the heat exchanger. Verify
that the water chemistry meets the requirements
listed in Section 5 - System Piping.
71
Installation & Service Manual
12
Troubleshooting
Table 12E (continued from previous page) Troubleshooting Chart - Fault Messages Displayed on Water Heater
Interface
ERROR CODE
DESCRIPTION
CORRECTIVE ACTION
• Check 120 vac supply to the transformer.
b06
120 vac input to the main control board has
dropped below 80 vac.
• Check wiring connections at the low voltage
terminal strip.
• Check the wire size/length to remote devices.
• Replace the transformer.
• Check 24V.
n01
The flue temperature did not change after
the burner started firing.
n06
Tank sensor is not connected.
• Verify that the flue sensor is installed.
• Check the sensor and its associated wiring. Repair
or replace the sensor or wiring if damaged.
• Check the tank sensor and its associated wiring.
Repair or replace as needed.
• Check the sensors and their associated wiring.
Repair or replace the sensor or wiring if damaged.
n07
The inlet sensor has been disconnected.
• Measure the resistance of the sensors and compare
the resistance to the tables on page 65 of this
manual.
• Replace the sensor if necessary.
• Check the sensors and their associated wiring.
Repair or replace the sensor or wiring if damaged.
n08
The inlet sensor has been shorted.
• Measure the resistance of the sensors and compare
the resistance to the tables on page 65 of this
manual.
• Replace the sensor if necessary.
72
Installation & Service Manual
12
Troubleshooting
(continued)
Combustion Analysis Procedure
1. Shut the water heater down by pressing the UP button for
five (5) seconds.
8.
Replace the flue sensor and grommet into the vent
connection.
2. Locate the flue sensor in the vent connection.
Remove the flue sensor and grommet from the unit.
Note: Combustion measurements will be made at this
point.
9.
Place the Shield water heater back into normal operation.
 WARNING
3. Place the water heater in active position by pressing the
UP button for five (5) seconds.
You must replace the flue sensor to prevent
flue gas spillage into the room. Failure
to comply could result in severe personal
injury, death, or substantial property
damage.
4. Press ENTER plus the UP button for five (5) seconds to
enter Service Mode.
5. Insert the probe from a combustion analyzer into the
hole left by the removal of the flue temperature sensor.
6. Once the water heater has modulated up to full fire,
measure the combustion. The values should be in the
range listed in Table 12F. The CO levels should be less
than 150 ppm for a properly installed unit.
If the combustion is not within the specified range,
reference the Troubleshooting section of this manual for
possible causes and corrective actions.
7. Once the combustion analysis is complete, exit Service
Mode.
Table 12F Flue Products
Natural Gas
Propane
CO2
O2
CO2
O2
8.0% - 10%
3.0% - 6.5%
9.0% - 11%
4.1% - 6.9%
Table 12G Troubleshooting Chart - Combustion Levels
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Vent/Air Intake Length
or Obstruction
Gas Supply Pressure
CORRECTIVE ACTION
• Refer to Section 2 - General Venting for the proper venting and air intake methods for the
Shield water heater.
• Check for obstructions at the vent/air intake terminals.
• Refer to Section 7 - Gas Connections for the proper gas supply for the Shield water heater.
• Refer to page 61 of this manual for burner removal and cleaning procedures.
Dirty/Damaged Burner
• Replace burner if necessary.
Gas Valve Adjustment
• Refer to page 74 of this manual for the gas valve adjustment procedure.
73
Installation & Service Manual
12
Troubleshooting
Gas valve adjustment procedure
If adjustment of the gas valve is deemed necessary, use the
following procedures: (Note: The procedures below are
model specific.)
Figure 12-3 Gas Valve Adjustment: Model 401-125
Models 126-065 -- 286-125
Locate the throttle adjustment screw on the side of the venturi
valve (FIG. 12-2). Using a screwdriver, turn the screw a
1/4 turn clockwise to decrease CO2 levels or a 1/4 turn
counterclockwise to increase CO2 levels. After performing
one adjustment on the valve, follow the Combustion Analysis
Procedure on page 73 of this manual to measure the
combustion.
If combustion is still not within the specified range, repeat
the procedure. This procedure SHOULD NOT be performed
more than four (4) times. If after four (4) adjustments and
the combustion is still not within the specified range, revisit
the possible causes in Table 12G on page 73 or replace the
gas valve.
Figure 12-2 Gas Valve Adjustment: Models 126-065
-- 286-125
IMG00496
THROTTLE
ADJUSTMENT
SCREW
Model 501-125
Locate the throttle adjustment screw on top of the gas valve,
see FIG. 12-4. Using a screwdriver, turn the screw a 1/4 turn
counterclockwise to increase CO2 levels or a 1/4 turn clockwise
to decrease CO2 levels. After one adjustment on the valve,
follow the Combustion Analysis Procedure on page 73 of this
manual to measure the combustion.
If combustion is still not within the specified range, repeat
the procedure. This procedure SHOULD NOT be performed
more than four (4) times. If after four (4) adjustments and the
combustion is still not within the specified range, revisit the
possible causes in Table 12G on page 73 or replace the gas valve.
Figure 12-4 Gas Valve Adjustment: Model 501-125
IMG00496
THROTTLE
ADJUSTMENT
SCREW
Model 401-125
Locate the throttle adjustment screw on the top of the gas
valve, see FIG. 12-3. Using a screwdriver, turn the screw
1/8 turn counterclockwise to increase CO2 levels or 1/8 turn
clockwise to decrease CO2 levels. After one adjustment on
the valve, follow the Combustion Analysis Procedure on page
73 of this manual to measure the combustion.
IMG00496
If combustion is still not within the specified range, repeat
the procedure. This procedure SHOULD NOT be performed
more than four (4) times. If after four (4) adjustments and
the combustion is still not within the specified range, revisit
the possible causes in Table 12G on page 73 or replace the
gas valve.
74
THROTTLE
ADJUSTMENT
SCREW
Installation & Service Manual
13
Diagrams
Figure 13-1 Ladder Diagram
JUNCTION BOX
120VAC
NEUTRAL GROUND
TERMINAL STRIP
120V SUPPLY "L"
L
IN
TERMINAL STRIP
120V SUPPLY "N"
L
OUT
INTEGRATED CONTROL
1
X1-1
F2
X1-6
DHW
PUMP
DHW PUMP
CONTACTS
2
BLOWER
3.15A
3
F1
X1-2
5A
X4-3
JUNCTION BOX
DHW PUMP
RELAY
DHW PUMP
RELAY
F3
.8A
24V DC
SUPPLY
X5-9
X5-1
120 VAC
24 VAC
CONNECTION BOARD
INTEGRATED
CONTROL
LWCO
CN3-3
X5-5
CN3-4
CN2-6
FLOW
SWITCH
X4-8
CN2-10 X4-12
24 VAC
ENABLE
SWITCH
CN3-1
CN3-2
CN2-7
1
2
LOUVER
RELAY COIL
5
24VAC
6
CN2-1
X4-10
X4-5
CN2-8 X4-4
LOUVER
PROVING SWITCH
4
3
X4-11
INTEGRATED
CONTROL
X6-10
S4
TANK
SENSOR
X6-14
X5-2
X7
BLOCKED
DRAIN SWITCH
RIBBON CABLE
INLET
SENSOR
X5-6
S2
O-TEMP
HEX
SWITCH
DOOR
TEMP
SW
AIR PRESSURE
SWITCH
X5-10
X5-11
X5-4
OUTLET
SENSOR
OUTLET
SENSOR
FLUE
SENSOR
FLUE
SENSOR
S1a
X5-12
S1b
X5-5
S3a
RUN-TIME
CONTACTS
BLOWER
CN2-4
10
CN2-5
X4-14
CN2-2
X4-6
CN2-3
X4-13
8
X2-2
GAS VALVE
RELAY
X2-1
X5-14
9
7
GAS VALVE
X5-13
S3b
CONNECTION
BOARD
ALARM
CONTACTS
286-501
MODELS ONLY
1
X5-7
2
X5-16
X4-7
4
X5-8
5
X5-15
TR2
X1-7
FLAME ROD
SPARK
ROD
CAUTION
HIGH VOLTAGE SPARK LEAD
NOTES:
1. Where possible, switches are shown without utilities (gas, water or
electricity) connected to the unit. As such, actual switch states may
vary from those shown on diagrams depending upon whether utilities
are connected or a fault condition is present.
2. See wiring diagram for additional notes.
BOX DEPICTS
OPTIONAL ITEMS
LOW VOLTAGE
120 VAC
HIGH VOLTAGE
LADDER DIAGRAM
LBL20408 REV A
75
ALARM
CONTACTS
CN1
9
RUN-TIME
CONTACTS
7
24V
LOUVER
COM RELAY
LOUVER
PROVING
SWITCH
ENABLE
SWITCH
76
8
6
4
3
2
1
TANK
SENSOR
S4
X6-10
X6-14
BL
GY
X2
X5-4
X5-12
CONNECTION
BOARD
CN3-2
CN3-1
CN3-3
5
CN2-5
BK
X4-14
CN2-4
CN2-3
BK
BK
X4-7
X4-13
CN2-2
BK
X4-6
CN2-6
BK
CN2-9
BK
CN2-1
CN2-10
CN2-8
BK
BK
BK
CN2-7
BK
X4-8
BK
GAS
VALVE
R/BK
BDS
CN3-4
X5-2
O
X5-10
PK
X5-11
O/BK
S1a
GY
S1b
LWCO
10
APS
OUTLET
SENSOR
X5-6
PK/BK
S2
OUTLET
SENSOR
INLET
SENSOR
X5-5
W/BK
S3a
FLUE
SENSOR
X5-13
PR
S3b
X5-14
Y
FLUE
SENSOR
DOOR O-TEMP
TEMP
HEX
SW
SWITCH
286-501
MODEL ONLY
X4-10
X4-3
X4-5
X4-12
X4-4
X4-10
FLOW SWITCH
R
X1-5
X1-1
BL
X5-1
BK
Y/BK
X5-15
X5-9
W
X5-8
T
R
W
X1-6
X5-7
X5-16
G
BK
X1-8
PR
X1-2
X1-7
TR2
12 3 45
12 3
1
4
2
3
120V
PUMP
RELAY
FLAME
SENSOR
Notes:
1. All wiring must be installed in accordance with: local, state, provincial and national code requirements per either N.E.C. in USA or C.S.A. in Canada.
2. If any original equipment wire as supplied with the appliance must be replaced, it must be replaced with wire having same wire gauge (AWG) and
rated for a minimum of 105°C. Exceptions: Repl acement high voltage spark lead and ribbon cables must be purchased from the factory. Use of a
non-approved spark lead or ribbon cables can lead to operational problems which could result in non-repairable damage to the integrated controller or
other components.
3. Actual connector block locations may vary from those shown on diagrams. Refer to actual components for proper connector block locations when
using diagrams to troubleshoot unit.
X7
W
BK
W
BK
L
L
DHW
PUMP
120V
GND SUPPLY
N
L
GND
WARNING
G
N
L
G
WIRING DIAGRAM LBL20409 REV A
LOW VOLTAGE
120 VAC
HIGH VOLTAGE
BOX DEPICTS
OPTIONAL ITEMS
DISCONNECT POWER
BEFORE SERVICING
!
TERMINAL STRIP
GND
GND
JUNCTION
BOX
SPARK
ROD
HIGH VOLTAGE SPARK LEAD
N
CAUTION
13
N
INTEGRATED
CONTROL
Installation & Service Manual
Diagrams
Figure 13-2 Wiring Diagram
Notes
77
Notes
78
Notes
79
Revision Notes: Revision A (ECO #C12258) initial release.
Revision B (ECO #C12665) reflects the addition of the CSA Low Lead
Content logo.
Revision C (ECO #C11814) reflects the addition of Metal Fab and
Security Chimney to the manual.
Revision D (ECO #C13833) reflects the removal of the page number
reference on page 15, the addition of the corrosive contaminant warning
on page 3 (R06313), changes made to Table 6A - Gas Piping Chart on
page 41 (R6621), the addition of the Temperature Parameter Setting
Table and HW Temperature Setting instructions on pages 52 and 53
(R6658), edits made to the callouts on page 5 (R06493), along with
updating the flex piping information (R06464) on page 21.
Revision E (ECO #C14411) reflects a note that the SNA286-125 model
can be vented using 3” diameter pipe up to a maximum of 60 equivalent
feet, pages 7 and 17, along with changing out LBL20026 and LBL20025
(R6979).
Revision F (ECO #C14713) reflects high altitude updates.
Revision G (ECO #C14988) reflects the correction of FIG. 2-2 on page
15.
Revision H (ECO #C15251) reflects the addition of the burner door
temperature switch updates (R6322).
Revision I (ECO C16918) reflects the update of ratings information
on page 7 (R07744), FIG. 3-13 description on page 29 (R07478),
water chemistry information on page 35 (R07142), and water column
information on page 40.
Revision K (Change #500000930) reflects edits made to FIG 4-7 on
page 33.
Revision L (PCP# 3000001537 / CN# 500001784) reflects the addition
of a note that the starter is factory installed on the 126-201 models
under General Venting on page 20.
Revision M (PCP# 3000000426 / CN# 500000623) reflects the addition
of combustion clearance dimensions in FIG.’s 1-1 and 1-2 on page 9.
Revision N (PCP# 3000004287 / CN# 500004864) reflects a change
to the numbers of the Polypropylene Adapters in Table 2F on page 21.
Figure 2-9 has also been updated.
Revision P (PCP# 3000005143 / CN# 500006666) reflects the addition
of new venting category information on pages 25 through 27.
Revision R (PCP# 3000004438 / CN# 500005574) reflects an update to
the flue temperatures on page 54.
Revision T (PCP# 3000006133 / CN# 500007549) reflects the addition
of a PVC-DWV vent fitting in Table 2D on page 20.
SHW-I-S_MM #100161683_DIR #2000017192_Rev T
04/17
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