BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor

BFM036/136
Branch Feeder Monitor
Installation and Operation Manual
BG0394 Rev. A4
LIMITED WARRANTY
The manufacturer offers the customer a 24-month functional warranty on the instrument for
faulty workmanship or parts from date of dispatch from the distributor. In all cases, this
warranty is valid for 36 months from the date of production. This warranty is on a return to
factory basis.
The manufacturer does not accept liability for any damage caused by instrument
malfunction. The manufacturer accepts no responsibility for the suitability of the instrument
to the application for which it was purchased.
Failure to install, set up or operate the instrument according to the instructions herein will
void the warranty.
Only a duly authorized representative of the manufacturer may open your instrument. The
unit should only be opened in a fully anti-static environment. Failure to do so may damage
the electronic components and will void the warranty.
The greatest care has been taken to manufacture and calibrate your instrument. However,
these instructions do not cover all possible contingencies that may arise during installation,
operation or maintenance, and all details and variations of this equipment are not covered
by these instructions.
For additional information regarding installation, operation or maintenance of this
instrument, contact the manufacturer or your local representative or distributor.
WARNING
Read the instructions in this manual before performing installation, and take note of the
following precautions:
BFM036/136 is intended for measurements performed in building installations, relating
to measurement category III (UL61010-1, 6.7.4).
Ensure that all incoming AC power and other power sources are turned OFF before
performing any work on the instrument. Failure to do so may result in serious or even
fatal injury and/or equipment damage.
Before connecting the instrument to the power source, check the labels on the back of
the instrument to ensure that your instrument is equipped with the appropriate power
supply voltage, input voltages and currents.
Under no circumstances should the instrument be connected to a power source
if it is damaged.
To prevent potential fire or shock hazard, do not expose the instrument to rain or
moisture.
The secondary of an external current transformer must never be allowed to be open
circuit when the primary is energized. An open circuit can cause high voltages,
possibly resulting in equipment damage, fire and even serious or fatal injury. Ensure
that the current transformer wiring is secured using an external strain relief to reduce
mechanical strain on the screw terminals, if necessary.
Only qualified personnel familiar with the instrument and its associated electrical
equipment must perform setup procedures.
Do not open the instrument under any circumstances when it is connected to a
power source.
Do not use the instrument for primary protection functions where failure of the device
can cause fire, injury or death. The instrument can only be used for secondary
protection if needed.
Read this manual thoroughly before connecting the device to the current carrying circuits.
During operation of the device, hazardous voltages are present on input terminals. Failure
to observe precautions can result in serious or even fatal injury or damage to equipment.
All trademarks are property of their respective owners.
September 2007
Copyright 2005-2007 © SATEC Ltd.
2
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Table of Contents
Chapter 1
General Information......................................................... 7
Labeling .............................................................................................................. 8
Chapter 2
Installation........................................................................ 9
Mechanical Installation ..................................................................................... 9
Electrical Installation....................................................................................... 13
Communications.............................................................................................. 18
RS-485 Connection................................................................................................... 18
RS232 Connection .................................................................................................... 20
Modem Connection .................................................................................................. 20
Ethernet Connection................................................................................................. 21
RF ZigBee ................................................................................................................ 21
Controls and Indicators .................................................................................. 22
Indicator LEDs ......................................................................................................... 22
Energy Pulse LED ..................................................................................................... 22
Front Panel Display .................................................................................................. 22
Device Settings ................................................................................................ 23
Password................................................................................................................. 23
Submeter System..................................................................................................... 23
Submeter Addressing ............................................................................................... 23
Basic Device Settings................................................................................................ 24
Energy/TOU System ................................................................................................. 24
Device Diagnostics.......................................................................................... 24
Chapter 3
BFM136 Display Operations ......................................... 25
Startup Diagnostics......................................................................................... 25
Display Features .............................................................................................. 25
Submeter Displays ................................................................................................... 25
Display Update......................................................................................................... 25
Auto Return ............................................................................................................. 25
Auto Scroll ............................................................................................................... 25
Backlight ................................................................................................................. 25
Navigation Buttons.......................................................................................... 25
Display Views................................................................................................... 26
Navigating in Menus........................................................................................ 30
Entering Numbers .................................................................................................... 30
Entering a Password................................................................................................. 30
Selecting Menus ....................................................................................................... 30
Viewing and Changing Setup Items ........................................................................... 31
Menu Operations ............................................................................................. 31
Submeter Channel Assignments ................................................................................ 31
Reset....................................................................................................................... 32
Real Time Clock Setting ............................................................................................ 33
Basic Device Settings................................................................................................ 33
Device Options......................................................................................................... 33
Communication Ports ............................................................................................... 34
Local Network Settings ............................................................................................. 35
Local Settings .......................................................................................................... 35
Meter Security.......................................................................................................... 35
Display Settings ....................................................................................................... 36
Chapter 4
PAS Application Software............................................. 37
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
3
Setting up your Submeters............................................................................. 37
Setting up Communications........................................................................... 38
Communicating through a Serial Port ........................................................................ 38
Communicating through the Internet......................................................................... 39
Preparing Setups ............................................................................................. 40
Downloading Setups................................................................................................. 40
Uploading Setups ..................................................................................................... 40
Authorization.................................................................................................... 40
Changing Port Settings................................................................................... 40
Setting Up Communication Ports ............................................................................... 41
Setting Up the Local Network.................................................................................... 41
Configuring Wireless RF Connections ......................................................................... 42
Configuring eXpertPower Client................................................................................. 43
General Meter Setup........................................................................................ 45
Basic Meter Setup .................................................................................................... 45
Channel Assignments ............................................................................................... 46
Local Settings .......................................................................................................... 47
Using Alarm/Control Setpoints................................................................................... 48
Configuring Billing Energy and TOU Registers ........................................... 50
Setting up Total and Tariff Registers ......................................................................... 51
Configuring the Daily Tariff Schedule......................................................................... 52
Configuring the Season Tariff Schedule ..................................................................... 53
Configuring Data Recorders........................................................................... 54
Remote Device Control ................................................................................... 54
Viewing and Clearing Device Diagnostics ................................................................... 55
Updating the Clock ................................................................................................... 55
Clearing Maximum Demands and Log Files ................................................................ 55
Administration ................................................................................................. 56
Upgrading Device Firmware ........................................................................... 56
Data Monitoring ............................................................................................... 59
Viewing Real-Time Data ........................................................................................... 59
Retrieving Log Files .................................................................................................. 59
4
Appendix A
Technical Specifications............................................ 62
Appendix B
CT Connection Template ........................................... 65
Appendix C
Parameters for Data Monitoring and Logging ......... 66
Appendix D
Setpoint Triggers and Actions .................................. 69
Appendix E
Data Scales ................................................................. 70
Appendix F
Device Diagnostic Codes ........................................... 71
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
This package contains
BFM036/136
Current transformer units according to your request
Single CT Unit
3-CTs Card
Cables
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
9-CTs Card
5
Designator Label Sets
1
1
2 11 20 29
3 12 21 30
1
1 10 19 28
1
1
CT designator label set - to attach to the CT
1
1
6 15 24 33
7 16 25 34
1
1
5 14 23 32
1
1
4 13 22 31
8 17 26 35
1
2 12 2 11 2 10 2 9 2 8 2 7 2 6 2 5 2 4 2 3 2 2 2 1
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
CT card designator label set – to attach
to the CT card next to the connector(s)
9 18 27 36
Cable designator tie-marker
6
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Chapter 1 General Information
Chapter 1 General Information
The BFM036/136 is a 3-phase, multi-channel, multi-function energy meter
suitable for use in single-phase and multi-phase electrical networks.
The BFM036/136 product line includes two models:
•
BFM136 – a device with an LCD display
•
BFM036 – a device without an LCD display
Meter highlights
•
Multi-channel submetering – up to 36 single-phase, or 18
two-phase, or 12 three-phase submeters in a single
device. Any combination of single-, two-, and threephase consumers can be chosen up to a total of 36
current inputs.
•
Automatic totalization energy from different subconsumers
Features
•
Class 1 active energy and Class 1 reactive energy meter
•
3-phase/2-phase/single-phase meters (true RMS, volts,
amps, power, power factor, neutral current)
•
Ampere/Volt demand meter
•
Time-of-Use, 4 energy/demand registers x 4 tariffs,
4 seasons x 4 types of days, 8 tariff changes per day,
easy programmable tariff schedule
•
Automatic 120–day daily profile for energy and maximum
demand readings (total and tariff registers) separate for
each submeter
•
Event recorder for logging internal diagnostic events and
setpoint operations
•
Data recorders; programmable periodical data logs
separate for each submeter
•
Embedded programmable controller (4 control setpoints,
programmable thresholds and delays) separate for each
submeter
•
Easy to read 2-row x 16 characters LCD display with
backlight (BFM136 only)
•
50/60 Hz operation
•
Internal clock, keeping the clock running over one week
without external power
•
Standard RS-485 serial port
•
Optional second communication port. Communication
options available:
RS-232
RS-422/485
56K Dial-up modem
Ethernet 10/100BaseT
Wireless RF modem (ZigBee, unlicensed 907-922
MHz or 2.4GHz)
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
7
Chapter 1 General Information
•
Modbus RTU and Modbus ASCII communication
protocols
•
Easy field upgrading device firmware through any
communication port
Labeling
MEASUREMENT VOLTAGES :
(230) 176-265VAC
(115) 88-138VAC
(277) 176-320VAC
10VA
50 Hz
60 Hz
COM2 : RS-232
RS-485
RF
MODEM
S/N
ETHERNET
USE ONLY WITH THE SUPPLIED
CURRENT TRANSFORMERS !
05-11018
Figure 1-1 Device label
8
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Chapter 2 Installation
Mechanical Installation
Chapter 2 Installation
Mechanical Installation
Figure 2-1 BFM036/136 dimensions
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
9
Chapter 2 Installation
Mechanical Installation
Figure 2-2 Wall mounting
Figure 2-3 DIN rail mounting
10
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Chapter 2 Installation
Mechanical Installation
Figure 2-4 Single CT dimensions
Figure 2-5 3-CTs card dimensions
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
11
Chapter 2 Installation
Mechanical Installation
Figure 2-6 9-CTs card dimensions
12
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Chapter 2 Installation
Electrical Installation
Electrical Installation
BFM036/136 offers maximum flexibility of current connections by using the
variety of CT options and by wiring any CT to any current input of the device.
The following drawings present applications serviced by the BFM036/136.
CT10
CT9
PC0183 REV.A1
CT1
N V1 V2 V3
PC0183 REV.A1
CT2
CT3
PC0183 REV.A1
CT4
CT5
CT6
PC0183 REV.A1
CT7
CT8
TOWARD LOAD
CT11
CT12
PC0183 REV.A1
CT13
CT14
CT15
PC0183 REV.A1
CT16
CT17
CT18
Before installation ensure that all incoming power sources are shut OFF.
Failure to observe this practice can result in serious or even fatal injury and
damage to equipment.
Figure 2-7 Typical installation
(see Safety Requirements on p.17)
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
13
14
+
-
7
7
16 25 34
17 26 35
18 27 36
7
8
9
V1
V2
V3
VN
15 24 33
13 22 31
4
6
12 21 30
3
14 23 32
11 20 29
2
5
10 19 28
1
STICKERS TO CT
BFM136
2 + 4- + 5- + 6-
8 - 22+ - 23+ - 24+
ETHERNET
USE ONLY WITH THE SUPPLIED
CURRENT TRANSFORMERS !
7 - 19+ - 20+ - 21+
S/N
MODEM
MEASUREMENT VOLTAGES :
(230) 176-265VAC
(115) 88-138VAC
(277) 176-320VAC
10VA
50 Hz
60 Hz
COM2 : RS-232
RS-485
RF
1 + 1- + 2- + 3-
9 - 25+ - 26+ - 27+
4 + 10- + 11- + 12-
10 - 28+ - 29+ - 30+
RED ORANGE
7
3 + 7- + 8- + 9-
7
11 - 31+ - 32+ - 33+
5 + 13- + 14- + 15-
RX
TX
COM1
RS-485
CPU
Wh
Figure 2-8 Single CT wiring and labeling
Connect the wires to the + and - inlets according to the following polarity
colors:
RED
ORANGE
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
06-03001-3
12 - 34+ - 35+ - 36+
ENTER
SELECT
6 + 16- + 17- + 18-
Chapter 2 Installation
Electrical Installation
CT #1
ORANGE
GREEN
3
7
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
1
+
1
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2 12 2 11 2 10 2 9 2 8 2 7 2 6 2 5 2 4 2 3 2 2 2 1
7
V1
V2
V3
VN
18
9
16
7
17
15
6
8
14
5
12
3
13
11
2
4
10
1
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
8
2
CT #2
BLUE
RED
ORANGE
GREEN
BFM136
20
21
7 - + - + - +
19
S/N
23
24
8 - + - + - +
22
ETHERNET
USE ONLY WITH THE SUPPLIED
CURRENT TRANSFORMERS !
MEASUREMENT VOLTAGES :
(230) 176-265VAC
(115) 88-138VAC
(277) 176-320VAC
10VA
60 Hz
50 Hz
COM2 : RS-232
RS-485
RF
MODEM
1
2 3
3
3
BLUE
9
2 + 4- + 5- + 6-
CT#
1
1 + 1- + 2- + 3-
7
STICKERS TO CT.'S CARD.
1
3
2
3
26
27
9 - + - + - +
25
3
CT#
+
-
29
30
1
2
RED
BLUE
32
33
11 - + - + - +
31
3
35
36
RX
TX
COM1
RS-485
CPU
Wh
06-03001-1
12 - + - + - +
34
ENTER
SELECT
6 + 16- + 17- + 18-
WHITE
BLACK
5 + 13- + 14- + 15-
GREEN
10 - + - + - +
28
3
ORANGE
4 + 10- + 11- + 12-
RED
WHITE
BLACK
3 + 7- + 8- + 9-
3
Chapter 2 Installation
Electrical Installation
Figure 2-9 3-CTs card wiring and labeling
Connect the wires to the + and - inlets according to the following polarity
colors:
CT #3
BLACK
WHITE
It is recommended to mark the cables, CT card terminals, and CTs with the
supplied tie markers.
15
1
2
3
MOUNTING HOLES
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3 33
2 12 2 11 2 10 2 9 2 8 2 7 2 6 2 5 2 4 2 3 2 2 2 1
15
16
17
18
7
8
9
13
4
6
12
3
14
11
2
5
10
1
27 36
26 35
25 34
24 33
23 32
22 31
21 30
20 29
19 28
1
1
2
2
3
V1
V2
V3
VN
2
RED
GREEN
1
BLUE
ORANGE
3
1 + 1- + 2- + 3-
BFM136
2 + 4- + 5- + 6-
8 - 22+ - 23+ - 24+
ETHERNET
USE ONLY WITH THE SUPPLIED
CURRENT TRANSFORMERS !
7 - 19+ - 20+ - 21+
S/N
MODEM
3
9 - 25+ - 26+ - 27+
3 + 7- + 8- + 9-
8
2
6
3
7
C
4
1
5
1
3
3
1
A2
1
2 2
3
1
C2
1
2
3
3
10 - 28+ - 29+ - 30+
1
B2
3
11 - 31+ - 32+ - 33+
5 + 13- + 14- + 15-
CT#3
4 + 10- + 11- + 12-
1
2 1
3
9
GROUP C
3
MEASUREMENT VOLTAGES :
(230) 176-265VAC
(115) 88-138VAC
(277) 176-320VAC
10VA
60 Hz
50 Hz
COM2 : RS-232
RS-485
RF
WHITE
BLACK
3
B
2
LABEL
3
A
POLARITY COLORS CODE
CT#
+
-
LABELS TO STICK ON CT.'S PCB.
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
16
1
LABEL
1
2
3
3
3
3
RX
TX
COM1
RS-485
CPU
Wh
12 - 34+ - 35+ - 36+
ENTER
SELECT
6 + 16- + 17- + 18-
3
3
06-03001-2
3
Chapter 2 Installation
Electrical Installation
Figure 2-10 9-CTs card wiring and labeling
It is recommended to mark the cables, CT card terminals, and CTs with the
supplied tie markers.
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Chapter 2 Installation
Electrical Installation
CT stickers I1 through I36 correspond to the BFM036/136 current inputs with
matching labels. Cable stickers 1 through 12 correspond to the BFM036/136
current terminal blocks with matching labels.
Use the table from Appendix B to annotate your input assignments and
wiring connections.
Labeling example (see Figure 2-10):
Assume you want to connect three CTs from block C on your CT card
(marked as 1, 2, and 3 on the block C terminal) to the device terminal block 3
so these three CTs would be connected to the device inputs I7, I8, and I9
respectively:
1.
Take a CT connection cable, attach a tie wrap marker to each side of
the cable and mark them as 3 to indicate that it should be connected to
the device terminal block 3.
2.
Put the CT block label sticker “3: I7, I8, I9” near CT block C on your CT
card to indicate that cable 3 should be connected to this block, and the
three CTs connected to the block will be attached to the device current
terminals I7, I8, and I9.
3.
Put the CT label stickers I7, I8, and I9 directly on CTs 1, 2, and 3 in
block C on your CT card to indicate that these CTs will be associated
with the device current terminals I7, I8, and I9.
4.
Connect the open end wires on your connection cable 3 to the device
terminal block 3 terminals using the following polarity color code:
CT1: Orange+, GreenCT2: Blue+, RedCT3: Black+, White-
5.
Finally, attach the cable 3 connector to the CT block C terminal on your
CT card.
Safety Requirements
To ensure safety requirements the BFM036/136 must be grounded - the
protective ground terminal (see Figure 2-7) should be connected to
protective earth with a copper conductor or strap with minimal length (less
than 1 m desirable) and cross-section 5.3 mm2 (AWG10) at least.
The properly marked external 3-pole disconnect device with circuit-breaker
and a fuse 6A, 600V in every pole should be installed between voltage
measurement terminals and power lines, located as close as possible (less
than 2 m recommended) to the BFM036/136.
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
17
Chapter 2 Installation
Communications
Communications
Several communication options are available for the BFM036/136.
+
RS485
RS485
Tx
RF
RS485
Rx
RS232
RS485
NONE
RS485
DIAL-UP
MODEM
TELEPHON
RS485
ETHERNET
RS485/422
Figure 2-11 Communication options
RS-485 Connection
+
PC
(PLC)
RS-485
-
DEVICES
+
Figure 2-12 RS-485 2-wire connection
18
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Chapter 2 Installation
Communications
BFM136
CONVERTER
RS485/422-232
+
+
+
SHLD
TX ENABLE
TXD
RXD
POWER
RS-422 / RS-485
RS-232
TXD
RXD
MASTER
BFM136
BFM136
SHLD
L N
POWER
SUPPLY
COMMUNICATION CONVERTER
Rt 1
-
+
SHLD
-
+
SHLD
+
RS232
Rt 2
RS485
R t 1, R t 2=200-500 Ohm, 0.5W
CABLE MAXIMUM LENGTH 1000M
UP TO 32 POWERMETERS
Figure 2-13 RS-485 multidrop connection
RS-422 COMMUNICATION PORT
4 WIRE CONNECTION
Rx
TO COMMUNICATION
SYSTEM
Tx
Tx
Rx
-Rx +Rx
-Tx +Tx
Figure 2-14 RS-422/485 4-wire connection
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
19
+
Chapter 2 Installation
Communications
RS232 Connection
6 7 8 9
1 2 3 4 5
Tx
TX
RX
SG
Rx
Figure 2-15 RS-232 connection
COMPUTER CONNECTIONS RS-232
EM610
RS232
MALE CON.
IBM PC/COMPATIBLE
25-PIN DB25
FEMALE CON.
RS-232 SIMPLE 3-WIRE
CONNECTION 25-PIN
EM610
RS232
MALE CON.
IBM PC/COMPATIBLE
9-PIN DB9
FEMALE CON.
RS-232 SIMPLE 3-WIRE
CONNECTION 9-PIN
Figure 2-16 RS-232 cable drawings
Modem Connection
20
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Chapter 2 Installation
Communications
Ethernet Connection
RS485
ETHERNET
RF ZigBee
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
21
Chapter 2 Installation
Controls and Indicators
Controls and Indicators
Figure 2-17 BFM036/136 Front View
Indicator LEDs
The flashing yellow CPU LED shows that the device is operational and is
functioning normally.
The green TX and RX LEDs indicate activity on the COM1 communication
port. The LEDs flash when the port is receiving or transmitting data.
Energy Pulse LED
The red “Wh” LED flashes at a user-programmed rate when a load is applied
to the device. In normal mode, the LED pulses indicate imported Wh for a
selected submeter. In energy test mode, the LED pulses indicate either
imported Wh, or imported (inductive) varh for a selected submeter. Energy
test mode is used for testing the device energy measurement accuracy. In
test mode, the energy and demand accumulators do not account for
consumed energy.
See Device Options in Chapter 3 and General Meter Setup in Chapter 4 on
how to put the device into energy test mode and how to select the LED pulse
rate and a submeter for testing.
Front Panel Display
The BFM136 is provided with an LCD display and four push buttons that are
used for local meter reading and setup. See BFM136 Display Operations in
Chapter 3 for information on using the front panel display.
22
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Chapter 2 Installation
Device Settings
Device Settings
Before operating your BFM036/136, provide the device with information
about your particular environment. The device front display (see Display
Operations (BFM136)) and the supplementary PAS software (see PAS
Application Software) allow you to configure the BFM036/136 for your
particular use.
Password
The BFM036/136 configuration setups are secured by a factory-preset
password. Contact your dealer for your primary password. Later, you will be
able to change the password via the device Access Menu (see Meter
Security).
Submeter System
The BFM036/136 provides up to 36 submeters with separate measurement
and energy registers. Each submeter can service current inputs dedicated to
a particular consumer (metering submeter) or be used as a totalization meter
for automatic totalization of energy from different sub-consumers (totalization
submeter). Additionally, the BFM036/136 provides four more totalization
submeters (37 through 40) that you can use for totalization purposes when
all 36 metering submeters have been utilized.
A submeter remains inactive while there are no current inputs associated
with the submeter (see Channel Assignments), or until you link another
submeter as a source to its energy registers making it a totalization submeter
(see Setting up Total and Tariff Registers). The Channel Assignment setup
allows you to link one to three current inputs to each submeter and to specify
the primary rating of the current transformers. A totalization submeter
provides totalization of energy from any number of metering and totalization
submeters.
By default, your device is configured for 12 three-phase metering submeters
with 100A (maximum) current inputs (50A nominal rating).
Submeter Addressing
The BFM036/136 uses the Modbus communication protocol for data
transmission and accessing setups through communications. A full
description of the communications protocol is found in the BFM036/136
Modbus Reference Guide provided with your device.
Each active submeter in the BFM036/136 is assigned a unique
communication address that allows accessing its private registers and
setups. All submeter addresses are assigned automatically in a sequential
order starting with the device base address that is programmed through the
device Communication Setup (see Setting Up Communication Ports ). The
following table illustrates submeter addressing in the device with the base
address N.
Device Base Address
N
Submeter Number
SM 1
SM 2
…
SM 36
SM 37
…
SM 40
Submeter Address
N
N+1
N+35
N+36
N+39
Your device is factory preset to address 1 and occupies the range of
addresses 1 through 12, configured for 12 three-phase submeters.
NOTES
1. Device setup settings, excluding the alarm setpoints and data log setup,
are shared across all submeters. Though you can read or write them
using any submeter address, your changes affect all submeters in the
device.
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
23
Chapter 2 Installation
2.
When using the ExpertPower™ client, submeter address 99 on the
Ethernet port COM2 is reserved for the BFM036/136 router and must
not fall inside the range of the submeter addresses for this port.
Select your submeters (both metering and totalization) in a sequence without
gaps so that your device does not occupy unnecessary network addresses.
If you connect a number of devices to a serial network, allocate a range of
addresses for each device so that they do not overlap. For example, if you
use three devices with 12 submeters in each one, assign the base address 1
to the first device, the address 13 to the second, and the address 25 to the
third device so that they will occupy three non-overlapped address ranges 1
through12, 13 through 24, and 25 through 36.
Basic Device Settings
For proper device operation, select the correct power frequency (see Basic
Device Settings) and set the correct primary ratings for device current inputs
(see Channel Assignments) before you connect the device to your network.
Energy/TOU System
The BFM036/136 provides 4 separate billing energy (total/summary and
parallel tariff and maximum demand) registers for each individual submeter.
Each register can be linked to any internal energy source or another
submeter. The first billing register in your meter is linked to the kWh
accumulator by default. Other registers are not operational unless you
configure them through the Energy/TOU Setup (see Configuring Billing
Energy and TOU Registers).
Device Diagnostics
Device diagnostic messages may appear as a result of the BFM036/136
built-in diagnostic tests performed during start-up and device operation. See
Device Diagnostic Codes in Appendix F for the list of diagnostic codes and
their meanings.
The device diagnostics status is stored in a non-volatile register, which may
be inspected and cleared via PAS, from the meter display or from a user
application. All diagnostic events with time stamps are also recorded in the
device Event log and can be inspected via PAS (see Retrieving the Event
Log in Chapter 4).
See Diagnostics Display and Reset in Chapter 3 on how to inspect and clear
the device diagnostics status from the display. See Viewing and Clearing
Device Diagnostics in Chapter 4 on how to inspect and clear the device
diagnostics status via PAS. Refer to the BFM136 Modbus Reference Guide
for the diagnostic register address and layout.
In the event of a device fault, check the fault reason and clear the device
diagnostics. In the event of a time fault, update the device clock. In the event
of a configuration reset, check the setup affected by the fault via the device
Event log, and then verify the setup data.
Hardware failures are normally non-critical recoverable faults that do not
cause a system failure but may cause data loss. Hardware failures are often
caused by excessive electrical noise in the region of the device.
If the device continuously resets itself, contact your local distributor.
24
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Chapter 3 BFM136 Display Operations
Startup Diagnostics
Chapter 3 BFM136 Display Operations
Startup Diagnostics
After applying power to the meter, a start-up diagnostic message is
displayed for one second. “Power Up” indicates a normal power-up
sequence. You can observe the list of device diagnostic codes recorded
during restart and device operation via the Status Display.
See Device Diagnostic Codes in Appendix F for the list of diagnostic
messages.
Display Features
The multifunctional 2x16 alphanumeric LCD display with backlight allows
easy read outs of the measurement parameters both in the dark and under
sunlight. The menu-driven multi-page display allows viewing numerous
measurement parameters by scrolling through display screens and pages.
Submeter Displays
In display mode, the display shows readings for the currently selected
submeter. Its number is indicated at the upper-left corner of the display. To
scroll through active submeters, press and hold the SELECT button, and
then use the UP/DOWN buttons to move to another submeter.
Display Update
The display is updated by default once per second; you can adjust the
display update rate via the Display Setup Menu.
Auto Return
If no buttons are pressed for 5 minutes and the display Auto Return option is
not disabled, the display will automatically return to the real-time screen
mode from any other measurement display or programming mode. The Auto
Return option can be disabled through the Display Setup Menu.
Auto Scroll
If no buttons are pressed for 30 seconds while the display is in the real-time
screen mode, and the Auto Scroll option is enabled in the BFM136, the
measurement display will scroll automatically through all submeters. The
scroll interval can be adjusted through the Display Setup Menu. To stop auto
scrolling, press any button.
Backlight
If no buttons are pressed for 1 minute, the BFM136 turns the backlight off. To
restore the backlight, press any button briefly.
Navigation Buttons
The BFM136 has four push buttons that are normally used to navigate
between screen modes and pages. In programming mode, the buttons allow
you to navigate through device setup menus and to change the device
settings.
The SELECT button functionality:
•
In display mode
Hold down the SELECT button, and then use the UP or DOWN
button to scroll through the submeters.
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
25
Chapter 3 BFM136 Display Operations
Display Views
Press the SELECT button for more than 5 seconds to enter
programming mode.
•
In programming mode
Press briefly the SELECT button to highlight/activate a menu item or
to highlight a digit for changing when entering numbers.
The UP and DOWN buttons functionality:
•
In display mode
Press briefly the UP or DOWN button to scroll through the display
pages.
Hold down the SELECT button and then press briefly the UP or
DOWN button to scroll through the submeters.
Press the UP and DOWN buttons together to move to the default
display page.
•
In programming mode
Use the UP and DOWN buttons to scrolls through the menu options
or to change a selected digit when entering numbers.
The ENTER button functionality:
•
In display mode
Press briefly the ENTER button to scrolls through the different screen
modes
•
In programming mode
Press briefly the ENTER button to select a highlighted menu item and
to enter a submenu, or to store a changed item.
Display Views
The BFM136 display has 5 multi-page screen modes for viewing numerous
measurement parameters shown in the following tables. Scroll through the
screen modes by briefly pressing the ENTER button. Scroll through the
display pages within the selected mode by briefly pressing the UP and
DOWN buttons.
Summary/TOU Energy
Page
№
26
Page content
Description
1
Reg.1 kWh
Trf.1 32.535
KWH
Tariff 1
2
Reg.1 kWh
Trf.2 7.465
KWH
Tariff 2
3
Reg.1 kWh
Trf.3 0.535
KWH
Tariff 3
4
Reg.1 kWh
Trf.4 0.465
KWH
Tariff 4
5
Reg.1 kWh
Tot. 41.000
KWH
Total
6
Reg.2 kvarh
Trf.1 0.100
kvarh
Tariff 1
7
Reg.2 kvarh
Trf.2 0.117
kvarh
Tariff 2
8
Reg.2 kvarh
Trf.3 0.235
kvarh
Tariff 3
9
Reg.2 kvarh
Trf.4 0.050
kvarh
Tariff 4
10
Reg.2 kvarh
Tot. 0.502
Kvarh
Total
11
Reg.3 kVAh
Trf.1 32.535
kVAh
Tariff 1
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Chapter 3 BFM136 Display Operations
Display Views
Summary/TOU Energy
Page
№
Page content
Description
12
Reg.3 kVAh
Trf.2 7.469
kVAh
Tariff 2
13
Reg.3 kVAh
Trf.3 0.584
kVAh
Tariff 3
14
Reg.3 kVAh
Trf.4 0.468
kVAh
Tariff 4
15
Reg.3 kVAh
Tot. 41.523
kVAh
Total
ENTER
Real Time Measurements
Page
№
Page content
Description
1
V1
120.5 V
Volts
2
V2
120.5 V
Volts
3
V3
120.5 V
Volts
4
V L12
208.1 V
Line to line volts
5
V L23
208.1 V
Line to line volts
6
V L31
208.1 V
Line to line volts
7
I1
neg 5.58 A
Amps. The neg label appears in the case
of a reverse current connection.
8
I2
neg 7.70 A
Amps. The neg label appears in the case
of a reverse current connection.
9
I3
neg 5.58 A
Amps. The neg label appears in the case
of a reverse current connection.
10
Tot. kW 1.558
Total kW
11
Tot.PF
Total power factor
12
Tot. kVA 1.601
Total kVA
13
Tot. kvar 0.097
Total kvar
14
Freq.
Frequency
15
V1.Ang
I1. Ang
0.0
0.0
Phase 1 angles
16
V2. Ang
I2. Ang
-120.0
-120.0
Phase 2 angles
17
V3. Ang
I3. Ang
120.0
120.0
Phase 3 angles
0.997
60.00 Hz
ENTER
Summary/TOU Max. Demands
Page
№
Page content
Description
1
Reg.1 MD kW
Trf.1 32.535
KW maximum demand
Tariff 1
2
Reg.1 MD kW
Trf.2 7.465
KW maximum demand
Tariff 2
3
Reg.1 MD kW
Trf.3 0.535
KW maximum demand
Tariff 3
4
Reg.1 MD kW
Trf.4 0.465
KW maximum demand
Tariff 4
5
Reg.1 MD kW
Tot. 41.000
KW maximum demand
Total
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
27
Chapter 3 BFM136 Display Operations
Display Views
Summary/TOU Max. Demands
Page
№
Page content
Description
6
Reg.2 MD kvar
Trf.1 0.100
kvar maximum demand
Tariff 1
7
Reg.2 MD kvar
Trf.2 0.117
kvar maximum demand
Tariff 2
8
Reg.2 MD kvar
Trf.3 0.235
kvar maximum demand
Tariff 3
9
Reg.2 MD kvar
Trf.4 0.050
kvar maximum demand
Tariff 4
10
Reg.2 MD kvar
Tot. 0.502
kvar maximum demand
Total
11
Reg.3 MD kVA
Trf.1 32.535
kVA maximum demand
Tariff 1
12
Reg.3 MD kVA
Trf.2 7.469
kVA maximum demand
Tariff 2
13
Reg.3 MD kVA
Trf.3 0.584
kVA maximum demand
Tariff 3
14
Reg.3 MD kVA
Trf.4 0.468
kVA maximum demand
Tariff 4
15
Reg.3 MD kVA
Tot. 41.523
kVA maximum demand
Total
ENTER
Total Energy and Maximum Demand Registers
Page
№
Page content
Description
1
Total kWh:
124100.0
Total kWh
2
Total kvarh:
124.0
Total kvarh
2
Total kVA:
124100.0
Total kVAh
3
Max.Dmd kW
25.588
Total kW maximum demand
4
Max.Dmd kvar
4.709
Total kvar maximum demand
5
Max.Dmd kVA
26.017
Total kVA maximum demand
6
Max.Dmd I1, A
15.58
Ampere maximum demand
7
Max.Dmd I2, A
15.58
Ampere maximum demand
8
Max.Dmd I3, A
15.58
Ampere maximum demand
9
Max.Dmd V1, V
120.5
Volt maximum demand
10
Max.Dmd V2, V
120.5
Volt maximum demand
11
Max.Dmd V3, V
120.5
Volt maximum demand
ENTER
28
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Chapter 3 BFM136 Display Operations
Display Views
Service Display
Page
№
Page content
Description
1
Diagnostics
3
Device diagnostics. See Diagnostics
Display below.
2
S/N
056456
Device serial number
3
S/W
Boot:
V17.02
V1.0.3
Software version
Boot loader version
4
COM1:
A1, Bd19.2
COM1 port: address and baud rate
5
COM2: Ethernet
192.168.0.203
COM2 port: node address and net ID, or
IP address
6
Ph1 Ph2 Ph3
I1 I2 I3
Submeter phase current assignments
Diagnostics Display
The diagnostics display shows a list of the device diagnostic codes recorded
as a result of the meter self-test diagnostics. The diagnostics page is only
displayed if errors were detected.
See Device Diagnostic Codes in Appendix F for the list of diagnostic codes
and their meanings. See Device Diagnostics in Chapter 2 for more
information on the BFM136 built-in diagnostics. See Reset in Chapter 3 on
how to clear the device diagnostics status from the display.
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
29
Chapter 3 BFM136 Display Operations
Navigating in Menus
Navigating in Menus
The BFM136 setup is menu-driven. To enter the setup menus, press the
SELECT button for more than 5 seconds.
Entering Numbers
Each digit in numbers is adjusted separately with the UP/DOWN buttons. A
brief press on the button increments or decrements the highlighted digit by
one. A highlighted digit is flashing twice per second. To move to the next
digit, press briefly the SELECT button.
When the number is set to a desired value, press briefly the ENTER button
to store your new setting.
Entering a Password
Enter Password
00000000
The setup menus are secured by an 8-digit user password. If the password
entered is correct, you will move to the main menu, otherwise you will return
to the display mode.
Selecting Menus
Options
Exit
S
COM1
To select a menu entry from the menu list:
Exit
ENTER
COM1
The main menu is represented by two entries; the left item shows a menu
list, while the right item is an assisting exit window that allows easy returning
to the display mode. Flashing highlights a currently active menu item (in the
following diagrams, a highlighted item is pointed out by using a bold font). To
highlight a desired menu item, press briefly the SELECT button.
1.
Highlight the left item by briefly pressing the SELECT button if it is not
highlighted yet.
2.
Scroll through the menu list by briefly pressing the UP and DOWN
buttons until the desired menu entry appears.
3.
Press the ENTER button.
Protocol
Modbus RTU
To exit the main menu:
Options
Exit
1.
Highlight the Exit item by briefly pressing the SELECT button.
2.
Press the ENTER button.
SELECT
Options
Exit
ENTER
30
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Chapter 3 BFM136 Display Operations
Menu Operations
Viewing and Changing Setup Items
COM1
Protocol
Modbus RTU
S
COM1
T
Address
1
A second level menu normally consists of three items: the upper-left static
item indicates the menu name, while the upper-right item represents a list of
setup parameters you can scroll through, and the lower item shows the
present parameter value.
To select a parameter you want to view or change:
1.
Highlight the upper-right item by briefly pressing the SELECT button if
the item is not highlighted yet.
2.
Scroll through the parameter list with the UP/DOWN buttons until the
desired parameter name appears.
SELECT
COM1
Address
001
S
T
COM1
Address
126
To change the selected parameter:
1.
Press the SELECT button briefly to highlight the lower item.
2.
If a number represents the parameter value, highlight a desired digit by
briefly pressing the SELECT button, then adjust the digit to the desired
value by the UP and DOWN buttons.
3.
If a name represents the parameter value, select the desired value by
the UP and DOWN buttons.
4.
Press the ENTER button to store your selection. You return to the
parameter list to select another parameter or return to the main menu.
ENTER
COM1
Address
126
ENTER
COM1
To exit the menu:
1.
Highlight the menu name (upper-left item) by pressing briefly the
SELECT button.
2.
Press the ENTER button.
Exit
Menu Operations
Submeter Channel Assignments
SubMeter
Exit
ENTER
SubMeter
Phase L1
S
SM 1
I1
T
SubMeter
Phase L1
SM 4
I1
SELECT
SubMeter
Phase L1
SM 4
I1
This menu allows you to link the device current terminals to submeters so
they can monitor them. Additionally, the menu allows you to specify the
primary current rating of the current transformers connected to the device
terminals. The number of the selected current inputs for a submeter specifies
if it will be a single-, two-, or three-phase meter.
Always select your submeters in a sequence without gaps so that your
device does not occupy unnecessary network addresses.
To enter the menu, select the SubMeter entry from the main menu, and then
press the ENTER button.
To select a parameter you want to view or change:
1.
Highlight the upper-right item by using the SELECT button.
2.
Select the submeter you wish to configure with the UP/DOWN buttons.
3.
Highlight the lower-left item by briefly pressing the SELECT button.
4.
Scroll through the parameter list with the UP/DOWN buttons until the
desired parameter name appears.
To change the selected parameter:
1.
Highlight the lower-right item by using the SELECT button.
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
31
Chapter 3 BFM136 Display Operations
SELECT
SubMeter
Phase L1
SM 4
I1
S
T
SubMeter
Phase L1
SM 4
I10
ENTER
SubMeter
Phase L1
SM 4
10
Menu Operations
2.
To link a current input to a submeter, select the desired input ID with the
UP/DOWN buttons.
3.
To change the CT primary rating, highlight desired digits by briefly
pressing the SELECT button, then adjust them to the desired value with
the UP/DOWN buttons.
4.
Press the ENTER button to store your selection. You return to the
parameter list to select another parameter or return to the main menu.
To exit the menu, highlight the menu name (upper-left item) with the
SELECT button, and then press the ENTER button.
The following table lists available options.
Label
Phase L1
Phase L2
Phase L3
Parameter
Phase current
input terminal
number
Options
I1–I36,
None = not
connected
CT
CT primary
current 2
1-10000 A
Default
Description
See
Links a current input terminal
to the corresponding
note1
submeter’s phase voltage
input V1, V2 or V3
50 A
Specifies the primary rating of
the submeter current
transformers
1
The device is pre-configured for twelve three-phase submeters.
Specify the CT ratings assuming a ×200% device inputs overrange. The
device inputs are preset for 100A current transformers with a 50A primary
rating.
2
Reset
Reset
Diag.
SM 1
Do
S
T
Reset
Diag.
SM 4
Do
SELECT
Reset
Diag.
SM 4
Do
S
T
Reset
Pow.Dmd
SM 4
Do
This menu allows you to reset maximum demands in each submeter and to
clear the device diagnostics.
To enter the menu, select the Reset entry from the main menu, and then
press the ENTER button.
To reset the desired registers:
1.
Highlight the upper-right item by briefly pressing the SELECT button.
2.
Select the submeter you are going to clear with the UP/DOWN buttons.
3.
Highlight the lower-left item by pressing the SELECT button.
4.
Scroll through the list with the UP/DOWN buttons until the desired entry
appears.
5.
Press the SELECT button to highlight the lower-right item.
6.
Press and hold the ENTER button for 5 seconds. The “Do” entry is
replaced with “Done” showing the operation is complete.
To exit the menu, highlight the menu name (upper-left item) with the
SELECT button, and then press the ENTER button.
The following table lists reset options.
SELECT
Label
Reset
Pow.Dmd
SM 4
Do
ENTER
Reset
Pow.Dmd
32
Parameter
Diag.
Clears device diagnostics status
Pow.Dmd
Clears maximum power demands
Amp.Dmd
Clears maximum ampere and volt demands
Max.Dmd
Clears all maximum demands
SM 4
Done
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Chapter 3 BFM136 Display Operations
Menu Operations
Real Time Clock Setting
RTC
Time
Jun 06,2005
20:47:06
Jun 06,2005
20:47:06
S
RTC
Time
T
Jun 06,2006
20:47:06
1.
Highlight a time or date item you want to change item by briefly pressing
the SELECT button.
2.
Adjust the selected item with the UP/DOWN buttons.
3.
Highlight the next item you want to change and adjust it in the same
manner.
4.
To store your new date and time, press the ENTER button. If you
confirm the time change while the seconds item is highlighted, the
seconds’ reading will be zeroed, otherwise seconds stay unchanged.
To exit the menu, highlight the menu name (upper-left item) with the
SELECT button, and then press the ENTER button.
ENTER
RTC
Time
To enter the menu, select the RTC entry from the main menu, and then
press the ENTER button.
To adjust the clock:
SELECT
RTC
Time
This menu allows you to adjust internal real time clock.
Jun 06,2006
20:47:06
Basic Device Settings
Basic
Exit
To enter the menu, select the Basic entry from the main menu, and then
press the ENTER button. For instructions on navigating in the menu, see
Viewing and Changing Setup Items.
ENTER
Basic
This menu allows you to define the general characteristics of the electrical
network.
Frequency
60
The following table lists available options.
Label
Parameter
Options
Default
Description
Pt
PT Ratio
1.0-6500.0
1.0
The phase potential
transformer’s primary to
secondary ratio
Frequency
Nominal
frequency
50, 60 Hz
60 Hz
The nominal power
frequency
PowDmdPer Block power
demand period
1, 2, 5, 10,
15, 20, 30,
60 min
30
The length of the demand
period for power demand
calculations
Num.Per.
The number of
blocks in the
sliding window
1-15
1
The number of blocks to
be averaged for sliding
window demands
VDmnPer.
Volt demand
period
0-9000 sec
900
The length of the demand
period for volt demand
calculations
ADmdPer.
Ampere demand 0-9000 sec
period
900
The length of the demand
period for ampere
demand calculations
Device Options
Options
Exit
ENTER
Options
This menu allows you to select some user-configurable device options or put
the BFM036/136 into energy test mode.
To enter the menu, select the Options entry from the main menu, then press
ENTER. For instructions on navigating in the menu, see Viewing and
Changing Setup Items.
PowMode
Reactive
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
33
Chapter 3 BFM136 Display Operations
Menu Operations
The following table lists available options.
Label
Parameter
Options
Default
Description
PowMode
Power
calculation
mode
Reactive
Reactive,
NonActive (nonactive power)
The method used for
calculating reactive
and apparent powers
ErgyRoll
Energy roll
value
100000.0100000000.0
kWh
100000000.0
The value at which
energy counters roll
over to zero
TestMode
Energy test
mode
OFF, Wh, varh
OFF
Setting this option
puts the device into
the energy test mode
PlsConst
Wh LED pulse 0.01-100.00
rate,
Wh/pulse
5.40Wh/pulse
(one
equivalent
disk
revolution)
LED pulse constant the amount of
accumulated energy
giving one pulse via
“Wh” LED
WhLEDSrc
Energy LED
source
1
Selects a submeter as
a LED pulsing source
1-40, None
Communication Ports
COM1
Exit
ENTER
COM1
Protocol
Modbus RTU
These two menus allow you to configure parameters for communication
ports COM1 and COM2. The BFM036/136 automatically detects a
replaceable communication module and will not allow you to change the
baud rate and data format for the Dial-up modem, and for the Ethernet and
RF modules.
To enter the menu, select the COM1 or COM2 entry from the main menu,
and then press the ENTER button. For instructions on navigating in the
menu, see Viewing and Changing Setup Items.
The following table lists available port options.
Label
Parameter
Options
Default
Description
Protocol
Communications Modbus RTU,
protocol
Modbus ASCII
Modbus
RTU
The communications
protocol for the port
Interface
Port interface
RS485
RS485, RS232,
Modem,
Ethernet, RF
COM1
COM2
Not changeable;
automatically detected
by the device
Address
Device address
1-247
1
Device’s base network
address (see Submeter
Addressing )
Baud rate
Baud rate
2.4-115.2 kbps
19.2 kbps
The port baud rate
Data/Prty
Data format and 7E, 8N, 8E
parity
8N
7E data format should
not be used with the
Modbus RTU protocol
Send Delay
Transmission
delay
0-1000 ms
5 ms
The minimum time after
the last request
character is received to
start the transmission.
Chr.Tmout
Inter-character
timeout
0-1000 ms
4 ms
The maximum time the
line is allowed to idle
before closing a
connection in the
Modbus RTU protocol
NOTE
When using the ExpertPower™ client (see Configuring eXpertPower Client),
submeter address 99 on the Ethernet port COM2 is reserved for the
BFM036/136 router and must not fall inside the range of the submeter
addresses for this port.
34
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Chapter 3 BFM136 Display Operations
Menu Operations
Local Network Settings
Net
Exit
To enter the menu, select the Net entry from the main menu, and then press
the ENTER button. For instructions on navigating in the menu, see Viewing
and Changing Setup Items.
ENTER
Net
This menu allows you to configure the Ethernet modem (if present) for direct
communications through the LAN or the Internet.
IP Address
192.168.000.203
The following table lists available Ethernet options.
Label
Default
IP Address
192.168.0.203
Description
Device IP address
Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
Subnet mask
Def.Gateway
192.168.0.1
Default gateway
Local Settings
Local
Exit
This menu allows you to configure your local time zone settings.
To enter the menu, select the Local entry from the main menu, and then
press the ENTER button. For instructions on navigating in the menu, see
Viewing and Changing Setup Items.
ENTER
The following table lists available options.
Local
Country
Default
Label
Parameter
Country
Country code
Daylight
DST Mon
Options
Default
Description
Default
Defines a currency and
calendar settings. The default
setting stands for the U.S.A.
Daylight savings Disabled,
time (DST)
Enabled
option
Enabled
When DST is disabled, the
RTC will operate in standard
time only. When enabled, the
BFM036/136 will automatically
update the time at 2:00 AM at
the pre-defined DST switch
dates.
DST start
month
JanuaryDecember
April
First, Second,
Third, Fourth,
Last
First
The date when Daylight
Savings Time begins. The DST
switch point is specified by
the month, week of the
month and weekday. By
default, DST starts at 2:00 AM
on the first Sunday in April of
each year.
DST Week DST start week
of the month
Default, or
country name
DST Day
DST start day of Sundaythe week
Saturday
Sunday
End Mon
DST end month
JanuaryDecember
October
End Week DST end week
of the month
First, Second,
Third, Fourth,
Last
Last
End Day
SundaySaturday
Sunday
DST end day of
the week
The date when Daylight
Savings Time ends. The DST
switch point is specified by
the month, week of the
month and weekday. By
default, DST ends at 2:00 AM
on the last Sunday in October
of each year.
Meter Security
Access
Exit
ENTER
Access
This menu allows you to change the user password and define a level of the
device security for accessing the BFM036/136 through communication ports.
To enter the menu, select the Access entry from the main menu, and then
press the ENTER button. For instructions on navigating in the menu, see
Viewing and Changing Setup Items.
Password
9
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
35
Chapter 3 BFM136 Display Operations
Menu Operations
The following table lists available options.
Label
Parameter
Options
Default
Description
Password
User
password
0-99999999
Factory set A user password for accessing
the device menus. It is
(consult
your dealer) effective for the display and
for all ports
Com.Pass
Remote
password
checking
OFF, ON
ON
Controls password checking
when the BFM036/136 is
accessed through
communication ports
Display Settings
Display
Exit
This menu allows you to configure options for the BFM136 display.
To enter the menu, select the Display entry from the main menu, and then
press the ENTER button.
For instructions on navigating in the menu, see Viewing and Changing Setup
Items.
ENTER
Display
36
Update
1
The following table lists available options.
Label
Parameter
Update
Display update
rate
1-10 sec
1 sec
Defines the interval between
display updates
Scroll
Auto scroll
interval
None, 2-15
sec
None
Defines the scroll interval for
the main data display or
disables auto scroll
Auto Ret Auto return to
Disabled,
the main screen Enabled
Enabled
Enables automatic return to
the main display if no buttons
are pressed for 5 minutes
Backlit
Off
ON - the backlight is still lights
all the time.
OFF - the backlight is turned
off in 1 minute if no button is
pressed.
Backlight
control
Options
Off, On
Default
Description
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
Setting up your Submeters
Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
The supplemental PAS software can be used for configuring the
BFM036/136 through communication ports, for retrieving real-time and
energy profile data, and for remote upgrading device firmware.
To run PAS, you need Windows 98, Windows NT, Windows 2000 or
Windows XP installed on your computer. PAS will not run properly on
Windows 95.
For information on how to install PAS on your PC, see the PAS Getting
Started guide supplied on the installation CD.
Setting up your Submeters
Each submeter in your device is accessed using a different communication
address (see Submeter Addressing).
To communicate with your submeters, create a separate site database for
each submeter. During configuration, store all setups to the site database so
that PAS will recognize your device’s properties regardless of whether the
device is online or offline.
To create a new database for a submeter:
1.
Select Configuration from the Tools menu, and then click the
Sites button on the right-hand-side.
2.
From the “Look in” box, select the directory where a new
database will be stored. By default, it will be the “Sites”
directory. Type a site name for the submeter in the “File
name” box, click New, and then click OK.
On the Instrument Setup tab, select BFM136 in the “Model”
box. PAS automatically selects the appropriate instrument
options for the submeter.
If you wish to add any comments for the submeter, type them
into the “Comments” box.
3.
4.
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Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
Setting up Communications
Setting up Communications
You can communicate with your meter via a local RS-485 serial port, or
remotely through a second adjustable communication port. Depending on
what was ordered, your meter may be equipped with an RS-232 or RS422/485 serial port, with a dial-up modem for communicating through public
telephone lines, with an Ethernet module for communicating through the
Internet, or with an RF modem for wireless communications.
The communication protocol and port settings in PAS must match the
settings made in your device.
To configure your communications with the BFM036/136:
1.
2.
3.
Select Configuration from the Tools menu. Under the
Communication group on the Instrument Setup tab, select the
type of connection for your device.
In the Address box, select an appropriate submeter address.
In the Sampling Rate box, select a rate at which PAS updates
data on your screen when you continuously poll the device
via the PAS Data Monitor.
Communicating through a Serial Port
Select Serial Port/Modem Site on the Configuration tab, and then click on the
Connection tab to configure your serial port settings.
Configuring a Serial Port
1.
On the Connection tab, select a COM port from the Device
box, and then click Configure.
2.
Specify the baud rate and data format for the port. Choose
the same baud rate and data format as you have set in the
BFM036/136, and then click OK. The default settings for the
local RS-232 and RS-422/485 serial ports are 19200 baud, 8
bits with no parity.
Selecting the Communications Protocol
1.
38
On the Connection tab, click Protocol.
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
2.
Setting up Communications
In the Protocol box, select the same communications protocol
as you have in your BFM036/136. The default protocol setting
in the BFM036/136 for all ports is Modbus RTU.
For more information on configuring the protocol parameters, refer to the
PAS Getting Started guide.
Communicating through the Internet
If you are communicating via the Ethernet, define the IP address of your
BFM036/136 on the network.
1.
2.
On the Instrument Setup tab, select Internet Site.
Click on the Connection tab.
3.
Click IP address and type in the IP address of your
BFM036/136. The factory-set IP address is 192.168.0.203.
In the Protocol box, select Modbus RTU. The default host
port 502 is set automatically as you select the protocol.
In the Wait for answer box, adjust the time that PAS will wait
for a connection before announcing an error and the number
of retries PAS will use to receive a response from the device
if communications fail.
4.
5.
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Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
Preparing Setups
Preparing Setups
PAS allows you to prepare setup data for your BFM036/136 off-line without
the need to have it connected to your PC.
Select the appropriate site from the list box on the PAS toolbar, and then
select the desired setup group from the Meter Setup menu. Click on the tab
with the setup you want to create or modify, and then fill in the boxes with the
desired configuration data. Click the “Save as…” button to store the data to
the site database.
To save your setup to another site database, select it from the file pane.
Click OK.
To reuse setups from another site, copy them to your present site database.
Click Open, select the desired site database, and click OK. The opened
setup is copied to your site database.
You can also copy all setups from one site database into another site's
database. Select a device site from the list box on the toolbar from which you
want to reproduce setups, and then select “Copy to...” from the Meter Setup
menu. Select the site database to which to copy setups, and then click OK.
Downloading Setups
You can update each setup in your BFM036/136 one at time or download all
setups together from the site database.
To update a particular setup, check the On-line button on the PAS toolbar,
select a submeter site from the list box on the toolbar, and then select the
desired setup group from the Meter Setup menu. Click on the tab of the
setup you want to download to the device, and then click Send.
To download all setups at once, check the On-line button on the toolbar,
select the submeter site from the list box on the toolbar, and then select
Download Setups from the Meter Setup menu.
Uploading Setups
To upload the setups from the submeter to the site database, check the Online button on the PAS toolbar, select the submeter site from the list box on
the toolbar, and then select Upload Setups from the Meter Setup menu.
Authorization
If communications with your device is secured, you are prompted for the
password when you send new setup data to the BFM036/136.
Enter the password and click OK. If your authorization was successful, you
are not prompted for the password again until you close the dialog window.
Changing Port Settings
This section describes how to configure communication ports in the
BFM036/136 through PAS.
The communication settings affect all submeters in your device.
40
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Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
Changing Port Settings
Setting Up Communication Ports
To enter the setup dialog, select the site from the list box on the PAS toolbar,
select Communications Setup from the Meter Setup menu, and then click on
the Serial Ports Setup tab. In the Port box, select the desired device port.
To change the port settings, select desired port parameters, and then click
Send. For the available communication options, see Communication Ports in
Chapter 3.
NOTE
When using the ExpertPower™ client (see Configuring eXpertPower Client),
submeter address 99 on the Ethernet port COM2 is reserved for the
BFM036/136 router and must not fall inside the range of the submeter
addresses for this port.
Setting Up the Local Network
To enter the setup dialog, select the device site from the list box on the PAS
toolbar, select Communications Setup from the Meter Setup menu, and then
click the Network Setup tab.
To change the Ethernet settings in your device, select desired parameters,
and then click Send. For the available options, see Local Network Settings in
Chapter 3.
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Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
Changing Port Settings
Configuring Wireless RF Connections
To enter the Setup dialog, select the site from the list box on the PAS
toolbar, select Communications Setup from the Meter Setup menu, and then
click on the RF Modem Setup tab.
The following table lists available RF modem options.
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Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
Label
MAC Net ID
Changing Port Settings
Options
0-255
Default
0
Description
MAC layer network ID
MAC Node ID
1-247
1
MAC layer node ID
Network Net ID
0-255
0
Network cluster ID
Network Node ID
1-247
1
Network layer node ID
Node Type
RN+, RN-,
RFD
RN+
Node router type
RF Channel
907
910
912
915
917
920
922
915 MHz
RF channel frequency
RF Power
0-255
255
RF send power
MHz,
MHz,
MHz,
MHz,
MHz,
MHz,
MHz
NOTES:
1.
2.
Set the RF channel frequency and the MAC Network ID the same as
you selected in the ETC2002 network router.
Set the Network Layer Net ID the same as the MAC Network ID.
Configuring eXpertPower Client
The BFM036/136 has an embedded eXpertPowerTM client that provides
communications with the eXpertPowerTM server – the SATEC proprietary
Internet services. Connections to the eXpertPowerTM server are handled on a
periodic basis.
To enter the Setup dialog, select the site from the list box on the PAS
toolbar, select Communication Setup from the Meter Setup menu, and then
click the ExpertPower Client Setup tab.
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Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
Changing Port Settings
The following table lists available options. Refer to your eXpertPower service
provider for the correct eXpertPower settings.
Parameter
Options
XPW Server IP Address
Default
Description
207.232.60.18 The IP address of the
eXpertPower server
XPW Server Port
0-65535
5001
The TCP service port of the
eXpertPower server
XPW Client Enabled
NO, YES
NO
Enables operations of the
eXpertPower client
Time to Next Session, min 1-99999
The time remaining to the
next connection session
NOTES
1.
2.
44
TM
If you do not use the eXpertPower service, do not enable the
eXpertPower client in your device.
Do not change the connection period setting. The eXpertPower
server updates it automatically.
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
General Meter Setup
General Meter Setup
This section describes how to configure the BFM036/136 for your particular
environment and application using PAS.
Basic Meter Setup
Before operating your meter, provide the device with basic information about
your electrical network.
To enter the setup dialog, select the device site from the list box on the PAS
toolbar, and then select General Setup from the Meter Setup menu.
The following table lists available device configuration options.
Parameter
Options
Default
Description
Basic Configuration
PT Ratio
1.0-6500.0
1.0
The phase potential transformer’s
primary to secondary ratio
Primary current
1-10000 A
50A
The primary current of the submeter’s
current transformers; for information
only.
Nominal frequency
50, 60 Hz
60Hz
The nominal power frequency
Demand Setup
Block power
demand period
1, 2, 5, 10, 15,
20, 30, 60 min
30
The length of the demand period for
power demand calculations
The number of
blocks in the sliding
window
1-15
1
The number of block demand periods
to be averaged for sliding window
demands
Volt demand period
0-9000 sec
900 sec
The length of the demand period for
volt demand calculations
Ampere demand
period
0-9000 sec
900 sec
The length of the demand period for
ampere demand calculations
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Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
Parameter
General Meter Setup
Options
Default
Description
Device Options
Power calculation
mode
S=f(P, Q)
S=f(P, Q) (using
reactive power),
Q=f(S, P) (using
non-active power)
The method used for calculating
reactive and apparent powers (see
“Power Calculation Modes” below)
Energy roll value,
kWh
100000000.0
100000.0 kWh
1000000.0 kWh
10000000.0 kWh
100000000.0 kWh
The value at which energy counters
roll over to zero
Energy LED pulse
rate, Wh/pulse
0.01-100.00
5.40 Wh/pulse
(one equivalent
disk revolution)
LED pulse constant - the amount of
accumulated energy (in secondary
readings) giving one pulse via “Wh”.
Energy LED Test
Disabled,
Wh Pulses,
varh Pulses
Disabled
The type of accumulated energy
giving pulses via “Wh” LED.
Energy LED Pulse
source
SubMeter 1,
SubMeter 2,
…
SubMeter 40
SubMeter 1
The submeter uses as source of
accumulated energy giving pulses via
“Wh” LED.
Volts Scale, V
60-600 V
600 V
The maximum voltage scale allowed,
in secondary volts. See Data Scales in
Appendix E
Power Calculation Modes
The power calculation mode option allows you to change the method for
calculating reactive and apparent powers in presence of high harmonics. The
options work as follows:
1. When the reactive power calculation mode is selected, active
and reactive powers are measured directly and apparent power is
calculated as:
S = P 2 + Q2
This mode is recommended for electrical networks with low
harmonic distortion, commonly with THD < 5% for volts, and THD
< 10% for currents. In networks with high harmonics, the following
method is preferable.
2. When the non-active power calculation mode is selected, active
power is measured directly, apparent power is taken as product S
= V x I, where V and I are the RMS volts and amps, and reactive
power (called non-active power) is calculated as:
N=
S2 − P2
Channel Assignments
The Channel Assignments setup allows you to link the device current
terminals to submeters so they can monitor them. Additionally, this setup
allows you to specify the primary current rating of the current transformers
connected to the device terminals. The number of the selected current inputs
for a submeter specifies if it will be a single-, two-, or three-phase meter.
Always select your submeters (both metering and totalization) in a sequence
without gaps so that your device does not occupy unnecessary network
addresses.
To enter the setup dialog, select the device site from the list box on the PAS
toolbar, select General Setup from the Meter Setup menu, and then click on
the Channel Assignments tab.
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Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
General Meter Setup
The following table lists available options.
Label
SubMeter
Phase L1
Phase L2
Phase L3
CT
Parameter
Submeter
number
Phase current
input terminal
number
Options
#1–#36
Default
Description
The submeter index
I1–I36,
None
See
note1
CT primary
current 2
1-10000 A
50 A
Links a current input
terminal to the
corresponding submeter’s
phase voltage input V1, V2
or V3
Specifies the primary rating
of the submeter current
transformers
1
The device is pre-configured for twelve three-phase submeters as shown
in the picture.
2 Specify the CT ratings assuming a ×200% device inputs overrange. The
device inputs are preset for 100A current transformers with a 50A primary
rating.
Local Settings
The Local Settings setup allows you to specify your time zone and daylight
savings time options.
To configure the time zone options for your device, select the device site
from the list box on the PAS toolbar, select General Setup from the Meter
Setup menu, and then click on the Local Settings tab.
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Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
General Meter Setup
The available options are described in the following table:
Parameter
Options
Default
Description
Country code
Default, or country
name
Default
Defines a currency and calendar
settings. The default setting stands
for the U.S.A.
Daylight savings
time option
Disabled
Enabled
Disabled
When DST is disabled, the RTC will
operate in standard time only. When
enabled, the device will automatically
update the time at 2:00 AM at the
pre-defined DST switch dates.
DST start month
DST start week
DST start weekday
The date when Daylight Savings Time
First
Month-weekSunday in begins. The DST switch point is
weekday
specified by the month, week of the
Week = 1st, 2nd, 3rd, April
month and weekday. By default, DST
4thor Last (last week
starts at 2:00 AM on the first Sunday
of the month)
in April of each year.
DST end month
DST end week
DST end weekday
Last
Month-weekSunday in
weekday
Week = 1st, 2nd, 3rd, October
4thor Last (last week
of the month)
The date when Daylight Savings Time
ends. The DST switch point is
specified by the month, week of the
month and weekday. By default, DST
ends at 2:00 AM on the last Sunday
in October of each year.
When the daylight savings time is enabled, the BFM036/136 automatically
adjusts the device clock at 02.00 AM when daylight savings time
begins/ends. The default daylight savings time change points are set for the
U.S.A.
If the daylight savings time option is disabled, you need to manually adjust
the device clock for daylight savings time.
Using Alarm/Control Setpoints
BFM036/136 has an embedded logical controller that runs different actions in
response to user-defined internal and external events. Unlike a PLC, the
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General Meter Setup
BFM036/136 uses a simplified programming technique based on setpoints
that allows the user to program a required action based on a measured
analog value or on a time. The controller provides up to 4 setpoints for each
submeter.
This setup allows configuring setpoints for each individual submeter. It can
be read and changed via the corresponding submeter’s address.
To program the setpoints for a submeter, select General Setup from the
Meter Setup menu, and then click on the Control/Alarm Setpoints tab.
The following table describes the setpoint options.
Option
Trigger
parameter
Range
Description
See Appendix D The trigger parameter that is used as an argument in
the logical expression
Operate limit
The threshold (in primary units) at which the
conditional expression would be evaluated to true.
Not applicable for time triggers.
Release limit
The threshold (in primary units) at which the
conditional expression would be evaluated to false.
Defines the hysteresis for analog triggers. Not
applicable for digital triggers.
Operate delay 0.1-999.9 sec
The time delay before operation when the operate
conditions are fulfilled
Release delay
0.1-999.9 sec
Action
See Appendix D The action performed when the setpoint expression is
evaluated to true (the setpoint is in operated state)
The time delay before release when the release
conditions are fulfilled
Using Numeric Triggers
For numeric (analog) triggers, a setpoint allows you to specify two thresholds
for each trigger to provide hysteresis (dead band) for setpoint operations.
The operate limit defines the operating threshold, and the second release
limit defines the release threshold for the trigger. If you do not want to use
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Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
Configuring Billing Energy and TOU Registers
hysteresis for the trigger, set the release limit to the same as the operate
limit.
Using Time Triggers
If you want the setpoint actions to be synchronized with the clock, for
example, to provide recording interval data, use the minute time interval
trigger that generates periodic events synchronized with the device clock.
Delaying Setpoint Operations
Two optional delays can be added to each setpoint to extend monitoring a
setpoint trigger for a longer time before making a decision on whether the
expected event occurred or not. When a delay is specified, the logical
controller will change the setpoint status only if all conditions are asserted for
a period at least as long as the delay time.
Using Setpoint Events
When a setpoint status changes, i.e., a setpoint event is either asserted or
de-asserted, the following happens in your device:
1.
2.
The new setpoint status is logged to the setpoint status
register that can be monitored via communications from the
user application software in order to give a real-time
indication on the expected event.
The operated setpoint status is latched to the setpoint alarm
register accessible through communications. The register
holds the last setpoint alarm status until it is explicitly cleared
via communications.
Recording Setpoint Events
Time-tagged setpoint events can be recorded to the submeter
event log if you select it as the setpoint action. The Event recorder
logs any setpoint transition event: both when the setpoint is
operated, and when it is released.
Configuring Billing Energy and TOU Registers
The BFM036/136 provides four total/summary energy and four parallel tariff
energy and maximum demand registers for each individual submeter. The
registers can be linked to any internal energy source or to another submeter.
The meter tariff structure supports four different tariffs using an arbitrary
tariff schedule. A total of four types of days and four seasons are supported
with up to eight tariff changes per day.
The meter can provide automatic daily profile recording for total and tariff
energy and maximum demand registers. The device memory is sufficient to
store daily profile data for 120 days.
By default, the first billing register in your meter is linked to the kWh
accumulator, and the daily profile recording is enabled for the kWh register.
Other billing registers are not operational. To activate the remaining registers
or to change the profile for the first billing register:
1.
2.
3.
50
Link the Summary/TOU registers to the respective energy
sources, and then configure the options for these registers
like whether the only totalization or both total and tariff
registers would be used, and whether daily profiling should be
enabled for the energy usage and maximum demand
registers.
Configure the daily tariff schedule for all types of days and
seasons using the TOU daily profiles.
Configure the season tariff schedule using the TOU calendar.
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Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
Configuring Billing Energy and TOU Registers
Setting up Total and Tariff Registers
To configure the device total (summary) and TOU registers, select
Energy/TOU from the Meter Setup menu.
The available options are shown in the following table:
Parameter
Options
Default
Description
Summary/TOU Registers
TOU
Unchecked
Checked
Unchecked
Links tariff registers to the selected
energy source
Use Profl
Unchecked
Checked
Unchecked
Enables automatic daily profiling for
energy usage registers (both total and
tariff registers if TOU is enabled)
Dmd Profl
Unchecked
Checked
Unchecked
Enables automatic daily profiling for
maximum demand registers (both total
and tariff registers if TOU is enabled)
Sum Profl
Unchecked
Checked
Unchecked
Enables daily profiling for summary
registers (total of all tariffs). Automatically
set when profiling is enabled.
Units
kWh, kvarh, kVAh
None
The register measurement units. It is set
automatically.
Source
Input
None
kWh Import
kvarh Import
kVAh
Submeter 1 Submeter 40 1
None
Links an energy source to the target
register of all metering submeters, or links
all registers of a source submeter to a
totalization submeter.
Multiplier
0.001 to 100.000
0.100
The multiplication factor for the energy
source.
Target
Reg#1- Reg#3
Submeter 1 Submeter 40 1
None
Defines the target register for the energy
source. It is set automatically for target
energy registers.
Register Source List
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Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
Configuring Billing Energy and TOU Registers
1 Linking a submeter to another totalization submeter connects all its
configured energy registers to the corresponding registers of the target
submeter.
Totalization Submeters
If you wish to automatically totalize energy measured by a number of
submeters by using a separate totalization submeter, select a source
submeter in the Source Input column on the Register Source List pane
(starting with source 5), and then select the desired target totalization
submeter in the Target column. Repeat these steps for all source submeters
while selecting the same totalization submeter as the target.
Selecting a submeter as a target automatically connects all active energy
registers of the source submeters to its energy registers, thus making it a
totalization submeter. Note that each totalization submeter takes its own
communication address in a sequential order along with the metering
submeters (see Submeter Addressing).
Configuring the Daily Tariff Schedule
To configure your daily tariff schedule, select Energy/TOU from the Meter
Setup menu, and then click on the TOU Daily Profiles tab.
The daily profile setup allows you to specify the daily tariff change points with
a 15-minute resolution for four tariffs and four seasons.
To configure your daily profiles:
1.
2.
3.
Select the desired season and day type.
Select the start time for each tariff change point and the
corresponding active tariff number.
Repeat the setup for all active profiles.
The first tariff change point is fixed at 00:00 hours, and the last tariff change
you specified will be in use until 00:00 hours on the next day.
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Configuring Billing Energy and TOU Registers
The energy daily profile log will be automatically configured for the number of
active tariffs you defined in the BFM036/136 TOU daily profile.
Configuring the Season Tariff Schedule
To configure your season tariff schedule, select Energy/TOU from the Meter
Setup menu, and then click on the TOU Calendar tab.
The TOU calendar allows you to configure any tariff schedule based on any
possible utility regulation. The calendar itself has 32 entries that allow you to
specify profiles for working days and holidays through all seasons in any
order that is convenient for you, based on simple intuitive rules. There are no
limitations on how to define your schedule. The BFM036/136 is able to
automatically recognize your settings and to select a proper daily tariff
schedule for any day within a year.
The following picture gives you an example of a single-season tariff schedule
configured for weekends and the designated US holidays.
To configure your season tariff schedule:
1.
2.
3.
In the “Season” box, select the season, and in the “Day Type”
box, select a day type for this calendar entry.
Select the time interval when this daily tariff schedule will be
effective based on the start and the end weekdays and, for a
multi-season schedule, on the start and the end month for the
selected season. It does not matter which order of weekdays
or months you selected: the BFM036/136 recognizes the
correct order.
For exception days such as holidays, select a specific day
either by specifying a day and month, or by selecting a
month, a week and a weekday within the month.
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Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
Configuring Data Recorders
Configuring Data Recorders
The BFM036/136 provides a separate Data recorder for each metering
submeter. The recorder is triggered via a setpoint periodically for recording
interval data (see Using Alarm/Control Setpoints).
The device memory is factory partitioned to allow recording one data log file
per submeter (Data Log #1) with a maximum of 5000 records per file. A data
log file is organized as a wrap-around file that needs not to be cleared
explicitly though it can be done via PAS (see Clearing Maximum Demands
and Log Files). When a file is filled up, the new records overwrite oldest
records, so a file always keeps the 5000 latest records.
The Data recorder is programmable to record up to six data parameters per
record. The list of parameters is configured individually for each submeter
and can be read and changed via the corresponding submeter’s address.
To configure the data log for a submeter:
1.
Select Log Setup from the Meter Setup menu.
2.
Configure the list of parameters to be recorded in the data log
file. See Parameters for Data Monitoring and Logging in
Appendix C for a list of the available parameters.
Add the name for your data log file in the Name box. It will
appear in the data log reports.
Save your new setup to the device database, and send it to
the meter.
Configure a setpoint for periodic triggering the Data recorder
using the MINUTE INTERVAL trigger (see Using
Alarm/Control Setpoints).
3.
4.
5.
Remote Device Control
This section describes some online operations on the BFM036/136 you can
perform through PAS. To access device control options you should have
your device online.
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Remote Device Control
Viewing and Clearing Device Diagnostics
To view or clear the device diagnostics status, check the On-line button on
the PAS toolbar and select Device Control from the Monitor menu.
Refer to Device Diagnostic Codes in Appendix F for the list of diagnostic
codes and their meanings. See Device Diagnostics in Chapter 2 for more
information on the BFM036/136 built-in diagnostics.
Click on the Clear button to clear the device diagnostics. You must be
connected to the BFM036/136 using the device base address to be able to
clear the diagnostics status.
Updating the Clock
To update the RTC clock in your device, select a site with base device
address from the list box on the toolbar, check the On-line button on the
toolbar, and then select RTC from the Monitor menu.
The RTC dialog box displays the current PC time and the time in your
device. To synchronize the device clock with the PC clock, click Set.
Clearing Maximum Demands and Log Files
PAS allows you to remotely clear maximum demands and log files
individually in each submeter.
To open the dialog box, select a device site from the list box on the toolbar,
check the On-line button, and then select Reset from the Monitor menu.
To reset the desired registers or to clear a file:
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Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
1.
2.
3.
Administration
Click on the corresponding button, and then confirm your command.
If a target has more than one component, you are allowed to select
components to reset.
Check the corresponding boxes and click OK.
Administration
PAS allows you to remotely change the password or network security in your
BFM036/136. Use the device base address to access your device.
To change the password, select a device site from the list box on the PAS
toolbar, check the On-line button, click Administration from the monitor
menu, and then select Change Password.
To change the password, type in a new 8-digit password, repeat the
password in the Confirm box, and then click Send.
Upgrading Device Firmware
Your meter has upgradeable firmware. If you need to upgrade your device,
you can download a new firmware file to the meter through PAS.
56
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
Upgrading Device Firmware
Firmware can be downloaded through any communication port. The meter
can be connected to your PC through a serial interface, a dial-up modem, the
Internet, or the RF modem.
Upgrading is only supported through the Modbus RTU and Modbus/TCP
protocols, so your serial port or a dial-up modem port should be put into
Modbus RTU mode.
To download a new firmware file to your device:
1.
2.
3.
Ensure that the communication port you are connected
through to the meter operates in Modbus RTU mode (factory
default).
If the port is configured for a different protocol, put it into
Modbus RTU mode either from the front display, or remotely
through PAS. If you are connected to the meter through a
serial interface, it is recommended to set the port baud rate to
115,200 bps. See “Changing Port Settings” on how to
remotely change the protocol and baud rate in your meter.
Check the On-line button on the PAS toolbar, select Flash
Downloader from the Monitor menu, and then confirm
changes.
4.
Point to the firmware upgrade file for your BFM036/136, click
Open, and then confirm upgrading the device. You would be
asked for the password regardless of the password protection
setting in your BFM036/136.
5.
Type the device password, and click OK.
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
57
Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
58
Upgrading Device Firmware
6.
Wait until PAS completes upgrading your device. It would
take about 3-4 minutes at 115,200 bps to download the file to
the device.
7.
After upgrading firmware is completed, the device restarts. If
the meter is connected to your PC through the modem,
communications can be temporarily lost and you may need to
wait until PAS restores a connection with your device.
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
Data Monitoring
Data Monitoring
Viewing Real-Time Data
Real-time data can be continuously retrieved from the BFM036/136
submeters, updated on the screen at the rate you defined in the Instrument
Setup, and recorded to a file. You can view acquired data in a tabular or in a
graphical form as a data trend.
For information on the real-time data monitoring and recording options, see
the PAS Getting Started Guide.
To get data from all submeters in a single window, click on the Multi-meter
View button on the local toolbar.
Any energy and maximum demand registers in the BFM036/136 submeters
can be read and recorded to files through the PAS Data Monitor.
Retrieving Log Files
Using PAS, you can retrieve the event and data log files from the
BFM036/136 submeters and save them to files on your PC in the MS Access
database format.
Historical data is uploaded on demand any time you need it, or periodically
through the Upload Scheduler that retrieves data automatically on a
predefined schedule, for example, daily, weekly or monthly. If you do not
change the destination database location, new data is added to the same
database so you can have long-term data trends and energy profiles in one
database regardless of the upload schedule you selected.
For information on uploading files and configuring the Upload Scheduler for
the BFM036/136 submeters, see the PAS Getting Started Guide.
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
59
Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
Data Monitoring
Retrieving the Event Log
The BFM036/136 provides a separate Event log file for each metering
submeter. All general device events, like device diagnostics, are recorded to
the first Event log file that is accessed via the device base address.
Each Event log file is organized as a wrap-around file that keeps 200 most
recent events. The Event log files need not to be cleared explicitly though it
can be done via PAS (see Clearing Maximum Demands and Log Files).
See the PAS Getting Started Guide for information on the event log viewing
options.
Retrieving the Data Log and Daily Profile Log
Data log files are recorded and retrieved separately for each submeter.
When uploading data log files refer to a regular data log file as Data Log #1,
and to the daily profile data file as Data log #16.
Viewing Daily Profile Data
Energy and maximum demand register’s data is recorded to a separate table
in the database. A daily profile record always contains the total energy
reading of the register at the end of the day, and, if TOU is enabled for the
register, readings of tariff registers for all tariffs defined in the daily tariff
schedules.
Daily profile tables for energy and maximum demand registers are named as
shown in the following picture.
The following picture shows an example of energy profile data readings.
60
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Chapter 4 PAS Application Software
Data Monitoring
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
61
Appendix A Technical Specifications
Appendix A
Technical Specifications
Environmental Conditions
Indoor use only
BFM is intended for operation in environment where normally
only non-conductive pollution occurs as defined for pollution
degree 2 (UL61010, 3.6.6.2)
Operating Temperature: -20°C to 60°C (-4°F to 140°F)
Storage Temperature: -25°C to 80°C (-13°F to 176°F)
Humidity: 0 to 95% non-condensing
Altitude: 2,000m max
Input Ratings
Parameter
Fundamental frequency
AC Voltage
Reference Voltage
Maximum Line to Neutral voltage
Maximum Line to Line voltage
Burden per phase
AC Voltage for Measurement and Power
supply
Isolation
Fuse rating
AC Current
Maximum measurable current Imax
Test current
Maximum overcurrent for 0.5 cycle of
fundamental frequency
Burden per phase
Isolation
LCD Display
No. Of Digits
Non-volatile Memory storage life
RTC storage upon loss of power
Push buttons
Voltage inputs terminal
Value
50/60 Hz
4 wires, 3 phases+ neutral
(115) 88-136 VAC or
(230/277) 176-320 VAC
320 V
544V
<1.5W
Maximal apparent power consumed
from power line < 10VA
2.5 kV RMS, 60Hz, 1 min
Leakage current < 0.005A per circuit
Impulse 1.2/50µS 6 kV
6A, 600V
36 current circuits
100 A
15 A
3000 A
< 1 VA
2.5 kV RMS, 60Hz, 1 min
2 Rows, 16 digits in each
20 years
24 Hours minimum
1 Week typical
4
10 AWG Max.
Communication Ports
COM2 (Optional modules)
Serial EIA RS-232 optically isolated port
Connector Type: DB9 female.
Baud Rate: up to 115.2 kbps.
Supported Protocols: Modbus RTU/ASCII.
RS-422/RS-485 optically isolated port
Connector Type: removable, captured-wire, 5 terminals.
2
Wire Size: up to 12 AWG (up to 2.5 mm ).
62
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Appendix A Technical Specifications
Baud Rate: up to 115.2 kbps.
Supported Protocols: Modbus RTU/ASCII.
Ethernet Port
Transformer-isolated 10/100BaseT Ethernet port.
Connector Type: RJ45 modular.
Supported Protocols: Modbus TCP (Port 502).
Number of simultaneous connections (sockets): 2.
Dial-up Modem Port
Transformer-isolated internal 56K modem.
Connector Type: RJ11.
Supported Protocols: Modbus RTU/ASCII.
Real-time Clock
Accuracy: typical error 1 minute per month @ 25°C
Standards Compliance
ANSI C12.20 –1998
EN50081-2 Generic Emission Standard - Industrial Environment
EN50082-2 Generic Immunity Standard - Industrial Environment
EN55022: 1994 Class A
EN61000-4-2
ENV50140: 1983
ENV50204: 1995 (900MHz)
ENV50141: 1993
EN61000-4-4:1995
EN61000-4-8: 1993
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
63
Appendix A Technical Specifications
Measurement Specifications
Parameter
Full Scale @ Input
Range
Accuracy
% Reading
% FS
Conditions
0.3
0.05
184 to 260 V
Range
Voltage
VL = 230V
Line current
Instrument current
transformer CTs
IL = 100A
0.5
0.05
1 to 100% FS
0 to CT primary current
Starting current: 0.1%
FS
Active power
2 × Vmax × IL/1000,
kW
2 × Vmax × IL/1000,
kvar
2 × Vmax × IL/1000,
kVA
1.0
1
0.02
|PF| ≥ 0.5 1
1
0.02
|PF| ≤ 0.9 1
1
0.02
|PF| ≥ 0.5 1
-120.000 to 120.000
kW
-120.000 to 120.000
kvar
0 to 120.000 kVA
0.02
1.0
-
Reactive power
Apparent power
Power factor
Frequency
Active energy import
Reactive energy
import/export
Apparent energy
|PF| ≥ 0.5, I ≥ 2% FSI
50 Hz: 39.00 to 65.00 Hz
60 Hz: 45.00 to 70.00 Hz
Class 1.0 under conditions as per IEC 62053-21:2003
Class 1.0 under conditions as per IEC 62053-21:2003,
|PF| ≤ 0.9
Class 1.0 under conditions as per IEC 62053-21:2003
0 to Vmax= 600 V
-0.999 to +1.000
39 Hz up to 70 Hz
0 to 99,999,999.9 kWh
0 to 99,999,999.9
Mvarh
0 to 99,999,999.9
MVAh
1 @ 80% to 115% of voltage FS and 1% to 100% of current FS
FSV - voltage full scale
FSI - current full scale
Notes
1. Accuracy is expressed as ± (percentage of reading + percentage of full scale) ± 1 digit. This does not include
inaccuracies introduced by the user's potential and current transformers. Accuracy calculated at 1-second average.
2. Specifications assume: voltage and current waveforms with THD ≤ 5% for kvar, kVA and PF; reference operating
temperature: 20°C - 26°C.
3. Measurement error is typically less than the maximum error indicated here.
64
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Appendix B CT Connection Template
Appendix B
CT Connection Template
Use the following table to memorize your input assignments and wiring
connections for sub-consumers.
Sub-consumer
Input#1
Wire Color
Cable#
Group# 2
CT# 3
Phase
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
1
2
3
#1 through #36
For 9-CTs card only.
For 9-CTs and 3-CTs cards
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
65
Appendix C Parameters for Data Monitoring and Logging
Appendix C Parameters for Data
Monitoring and Logging
The following table lists parameters measured by the meter that are
available for data logging and monitoring through communications. The left
column shows data abbreviations used in PAS. Parameter groups are
highlighted in bold.
Designation
NONE
RT PHASE
V1
V2
V3
I1
I2
I3
kW L1
kW L2
kW L3
kvar L1
kvar L2
kvar L3
kVA L1
kVA L2
kVA L3
PF L1
PF L2
PF L3
V12
V23
V31
RT TOTAL
kW
kvar
kVA
PF
PF LAG
PF LEAD
kW IMP
kW EXP
kvar IMP
kvar EXP
RT AUX
In
FREQ
AVR PHASE
V1
V2
V3
I1
I2
I3
kW L1
kW L2
kW L3
kvar L1
kvar L2
kvar L3
kVA L1
kVA L2
kVA L3
66
Description
None (stub, read as zero)
1-Cycle Phase Values
V1
V2
V3
I1 Current
I2 Current
I3 Current
kW L1
kW L2
kW L3
kvar L1
kvar L2
kvar L3
kVA L1
kVA L2
kVA L3
Power factor L1
Power factor L2
Power factor L3
V12 Voltage
V23 Voltage
V31 Voltage
1-Cycle Total Values
Total kW
Total kvar
Total kVA
Total PF
Total PF lag
Total PF lead
Total kW import
Total kW export
Total kvar import
Total kvar export
1-Cycle Auxiliary Values
In (neutral) Current
Frequency
1-Second Phase Values 1
V1 Voltage
V2 Voltage
V3 Voltage
I1 Current
I2 Current
I3 Current
kW L1
kW L2
kW L3
kvar L1
kvar L2
kvar L3
kVA L1
kVA L2
kVA L3
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Appendix C Parameters for Data Monitoring and Logging
Designation
PF L1
PF L2
PF L3
V12
V23
V31
AVR TOTAL
kW
kvar
kVA
PF
PF LAG
PF LEAD
kW IMP
kW EXP
kvar IMP
kvar EXP
AVR AUX
In
FREQ
DEMANDS
V1 DMD
V2 DMD
V3 DMD
I1 DMD
I2 DMD
I3 DMD
kW IMP SD
kvar IMP SD
kVA SD
kW IMP ACC DMD
kvar IMP ACC DMD
kVA ACC DMD
kW IMP PRD DMD
kvar IMP PRD DMD
kVA PRD DMD
SUMM ACC DMD
SUM REG1 ACC DMD
SUM REG2 ACC DMD
SUM REG3 ACC DMD
SUM REG4 ACC DMD
SUMM SW DMD
SUM REG1 SW DMD
SUM REG2 SW DMD
SUM REG3 SW DMD
SUM REG4 SW DMD
ENERGY
kWh IMPORT
kvarh IMPORT
kVAh TOTAL
SUMMARY REGS
SUM REG1
SUM REG2
SUM REG3
SUM REG4
MAX DMD
V1 DMD MAX
V2 DMD MAX
V3 DMD MAX
I1 DMD MAX
I2 DMD MAX
I3 DMD MAX
kW IMP SD MAX
kW EXP SD MAX
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Description
Power factor L1
Power factor L2
Power factor L3
V12 Voltage
V23 Voltage
V31 Voltage
1-Second Total Values 1
Total kW
Total kvar
Total kVA
Total PF
Total PF lag
Total PF lead
Total kW import
Total kW export
Total kvar import
Total kvar export
1-Second Auxiliary Values 1
In (neutral) Current
Frequency
Present Demands 1
V1 Volt demand
V2 Volt demand
V3 Volt demand
I1 Ampere demand
I2 Ampere demand
I3 Ampere demand
kW import sliding window demand
kvar import sliding window demand
kVA sliding window demand
kW import accumulated demand
kvar import accumulated demand
kVA accumulated demand
kW import predicted sliding window demand
kvar import predicted sliding window demand
kVA predicted sliding window demand
Summary (TOU Total) Accumulated Demands
Summary register #1 demand
Summary register #2 demand
Summary register #3 demand
Summary register #4 demand
Summary (TOU Total) Sliding Demands 1
Summary register #1 demand
Summary register #2 demand
Summary register #3 demand
Summary register #4 demand
Total Energy 1
kWh import
kvarh import
kVAh total
Summary (TOU Total) Energy Registers 1
Summary energy register #1
Summary energy register #2
Summary energy register #3
Summary energy register #4
Maximum Demands
V1 Maximum volt demand
V2 Maximum volt demand
V3 Maximum volt demand
I1 Maximum ampere demand
I2 Maximum ampere demand
I3 Maximum ampere demand
Maximum kW import sliding window demand
Maximum kvar import sliding window demand
67
Appendix C Parameters for Data Monitoring and Logging
Designation
kVA SD MAX
MAX SUMMARY DMD
SUM REG1 DMD MAX
SUM REG2 DMD MAX
SUM REG3 DMD MAX
SUM REG4 DMD MAX
TOU PRMS
ACTIVE TARIFF
ACTIVE PROFILE
TOU REG1
TOU REG1 TRF1
TOU REG1 TRF2
TOU REG1 TRF3
TOU REG1 TRF4
TOU REG2
TOU REG2 TRF1
TOU REG2 TRF2
TOU REG2 TRF3
TOU REG2 TRF4
TOU REG3
TOU REG3 TRF1
TOU REG3 TRF2
TOU REG3 TRF3
TOU REG3 TRF4
TOU REG4
TOU REG4 TRF1
TOU REG4 TRF2
TOU REG4 TRF3
TOU REG4 TRF4
TOU MAX DMD REG1
DMD1 TRF1 MAX
DMD1 TRF2 MAX
DMD1 TRF3 MAX
DMD1 TRF4 MAX
TOU MAX DMD REG2
DMD2 TRF1 MAX
DMD2 TRF2 MAX
DMD2 TRF3 MAX
DMD2 TRF4 MAX
TOU MAX DMD REG3
DMD3 TRF1 MAX
DMD3 TRF2 MAX
DMD3 TRF3 MAX
DMD3 TRF4 MAX
TOU MAX DMD REG4
DMD4 TRF1 MAX
DMD4 TRF2 MAX
DMD4 TRF3 MAX
DMD4 TRF4 MAX
1
68
Description
Maximum kVA sliding window demand
Maximum Summary (TOU Total) Demands
Summary register #1 maximum demand
Summary register #2 maximum demand
Summary register #3 maximum demand
Summary register #4 maximum demand
TOU Parameters
Active TOU tariff
Active TOU profile
TOU Energy Register #1 1
Tariff #1 register
Tariff #2 register
Tariff #3 register
Tariff #4 register
TOU Energy Register #2 1
Tariff #1 register
Tariff #2 register
Tariff #3 register
Tariff #4 register
TOU Energy Register #3 1
Tariff #1 register
Tariff #2 register
Tariff #3 register
Tariff #4 register
TOU Energy Register #4 1
Tariff #1 register
Tariff #2 register
Tariff #3 register
Tariff #4 register
TOU Maximum Demand Register #1 1
Tariff #1 register
Tariff #2 register
Tariff #3 register
Tariff #4 register
TOU Maximum Demand Register #2 1
Tariff #1 register
Tariff #2 register
Tariff #3 register
Tariff #4 register
TOU Maximum Demand Register #3 1
Tariff #1 register
Tariff #2 register
Tariff #3 register
Tariff #4 register
TOU Maximum Demand Register #4 1
Tariff #1 register
Tariff #2 register
Tariff #3 register
Tariff #4 register
Available for data logging.
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Appendix D Setpoint Triggers and Actions
Appendix D
Setpoint Triggers and Actions
Setpoint Triggers
Designation
NONE
MINUTE INTERVAL
HIGH V1
HIGH V2
HIGH V3
LOW V1
LOW V2
LOW V3
HIGH V12
HIGH V23
HIGH V31
LOW V12
LOW V23
LOW V31
HIGH I1
HIGH I2
HIGH I3
LOW I1
LOW I2
LOW I3
HIGH FREQ
LOW FREQ
HIGH kW IMP BD
HIGH kVA
Description
None (condition is not active)
Minute intervals (10, 15, 30, 60 min) synchronized
with the clock
High V1 voltage
High V2 voltage
High V3 voltage
Low V1 voltage
Low V2 voltage
Low V3 voltage
High V12 voltage
High V23 voltage
High V31 voltage
Low V12 voltage
Low V23 voltage
Low V31 voltage
High I1 current
High I2 current
High I3 current
Low I1 current
Low I2 current
Low I3 current
High frequency
Low frequency
High kW import
High kVA
Setpoint Actions
Designation
NONE
EVENT LOG
DATA LOG #1
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Description
None (no action)
Log to Event Log
Log to Data Log file #1
69
Appendix E Data Scales
Appendix E
Data Scales
The maximum values for volts, amps and power in the BFM036/136setup
and in communications are limited by the voltage and current scale settings.
See Basic Meter Setup in Chapter 4 on how to change the voltage scale in
your meter.
The following table defines the meter data scales.
Scale
Range
Notes
Maximum voltage (V max)
Voltage scale × PT Ratio, V
The default voltage
scale is 600V
Maximum current (I max)
CT Primary current × 2, A
The default CT
primary current is
50A
Maximum power 1
V max × I max × 2, W
1 Maximum power is rounded to whole kilowatts. With PT=1.0, it is limited
to 9,999,000 W.
70
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
Appendix F Device Diagnostic Codes
Appendix F
Diagnostic
Code
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Device Diagnostic Codes
Startup Display
Message
RAM/Data Error
WDT Reset
Sampling Fault
CPU Exception
Run-Time Error
Software Exception
Power Up
Description
Memory/Data error
Hardware watchdog reset
Sampling fault
CPU exception
Run-time software error
Software watchdog timeout
Power Down/Up
External Reset
Warm restart/Device reset
10
Configuration reset
11
RTC fault
14
Expanded memory/Data
flash fault
Reason
Hardware failure
Hardware failure
Hardware failure
Hardware failure
Hardware failure
Hardware failure
Loss of power. Normal
power-up sequence
External restart via
communications or by
firmware upgrade
Corrupted setup data has
been replaced with the
default configuration
The clock time has been
lost
Hardware failure
See Device Diagnostics in Chapter 2 for more information on the BFM136
built-in diagnostics.
BFM036/136 Branch Feeder Monitor
71
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