sinvert pvm - Industry Support Siemens

SINVERT PVM
1
___________________
Introduction
2
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Safety instructions
3
___________________
Description
4
___________________
Application planning
SINVERT PVM
5
___________________
Installation
6
___________________
Connecting
Operating Instructions
7
___________________
Commissioning
8
___________________
Operator input
9
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Parameter assignment
10
___________________
Service and maintenance
11
___________________
Troubleshooting
12
___________________
Technical data
13
___________________
Ordering data
14
___________________
Dimension drawings
A
___________________
Appendix
11/2012
A5E02758225C/004
Legal information
Warning notice system
This manual contains notices you have to observe in order to ensure your personal safety, as well as to prevent
damage to property. The notices referring to your personal safety are highlighted in the manual by a safety alert
symbol, notices referring only to property damage have no safety alert symbol. These notices shown below are
graded according to the degree of danger.
DANGER
indicates that death or severe personal injury will result if proper precautions are not taken.
WARNING
indicates that death or severe personal injury may result if proper precautions are not taken.
CAUTION
indicates that minor personal injury can result if proper precautions are not taken.
NOTICE
indicates that property damage can result if proper precautions are not taken.
If more than one degree of danger is present, the warning notice representing the highest degree of danger will
be used. A notice warning of injury to persons with a safety alert symbol may also include a warning relating to
property damage.
Qualified Personnel
The product/system described in this documentation may be operated only by personnel qualified for the specific
task in accordance with the relevant documentation, in particular its warning notices and safety instructions.
Qualified personnel are those who, based on their training and experience, are capable of identifying risks and
avoiding potential hazards when working with these products/systems.
Proper use of Siemens products
Note the following:
WARNING
Siemens products may only be used for the applications described in the catalog and in the relevant technical
documentation. If products and components from other manufacturers are used, these must be recommended
or approved by Siemens. Proper transport, storage, installation, assembly, commissioning, operation and
maintenance are required to ensure that the products operate safely and without any problems. The permissible
ambient conditions must be complied with. The information in the relevant documentation must be observed.
Trademarks
All names identified by ® are registered trademarks of Siemens AG. The remaining trademarks in this publication
may be trademarks whose use by third parties for their own purposes could violate the rights of the owner.
Disclaimer of Liability
We have reviewed the contents of this publication to ensure consistency with the hardware and software
described. Since variance cannot be precluded entirely, we cannot guarantee full consistency. However, the
information in this publication is reviewed regularly and any necessary corrections are included in subsequent
editions.
Siemens AG
Industry Sector
Postfach 48 48
90026 NÜRNBERG
GERMANY
A5E02758225C/004
Ⓟ 11/2012 Technical data subject to change
Copyright © Siemens AG 2010.
All rights reserved
Table of contents
1
2
3
4
Introduction................................................................................................................................................ 9
1.1
About this manual ..........................................................................................................................9
1.2
History of changes in this documentation ....................................................................................10
Safety instructions ................................................................................................................................... 11
2.1
Qualified personnel ......................................................................................................................12
2.2
Protection against touching electrical parts .................................................................................12
2.3
Protection against magnetic and electromagnetic fields in operation and installation ................13
2.4
Protection against burn hazards ..................................................................................................13
2.5
Protection during handling and installation ..................................................................................14
2.6
Selecting the country setting........................................................................................................14
Description............................................................................................................................................... 17
3.1
Design ..........................................................................................................................................17
3.2
Features .......................................................................................................................................17
3.3
Scope of supply ...........................................................................................................................18
3.4
Device connections and operator controls...................................................................................19
3.5
Firmware version .........................................................................................................................20
3.6
Block diagram ..............................................................................................................................21
3.7
Operator panel .............................................................................................................................22
3.8
Communication scenarios............................................................................................................24
3.9
Internal datalogger .......................................................................................................................31
Application planning................................................................................................................................. 33
4.1
Requirements to be met by the PV field ......................................................................................33
4.2
Reverse power flow due to module defects.................................................................................35
4.3
Communication ............................................................................................................................36
4.4
Infeed into the AC system............................................................................................................37
4.5
Feed-in management...................................................................................................................39
4.6
Transportation ..............................................................................................................................40
4.7
Storage.........................................................................................................................................40
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Table of contents
5
6
7
8
Installation ............................................................................................................................................... 41
5.1
Unpacking the device.................................................................................................................. 41
5.2
Requirements regarding the installation location ........................................................................ 42
5.3
Installation of SINVERT PVM inverter ........................................................................................ 44
Connecting .............................................................................................................................................. 47
6.1
Grounding.................................................................................................................................... 48
6.2
Choice of power supply cable ..................................................................................................... 49
6.3
AC power connection .................................................................................................................. 50
6.4
Residual current protection (RCD).............................................................................................. 53
6.5
Selection of the DC connecting cable ......................................................................................... 53
6.6
DC connection of the PV strings ................................................................................................. 54
6.7
Insolation sensor ......................................................................................................................... 56
6.8
Interface connection.................................................................................................................... 57
Commissioning ........................................................................................................................................ 59
7.1
Prerequisites ............................................................................................................................... 59
7.2
Switching on the device and switch-on procedure...................................................................... 59
7.3
Selecting the country setting and menu language...................................................................... 61
7.4
Checking the time of day............................................................................................................. 64
7.5
Activating WebMonitor ................................................................................................................ 64
7.6
7.6.1
7.6.2
7.6.2.1
7.6.2.2
7.6.3
Communication ........................................................................................................................... 65
Enter user password ................................................................................................................... 65
Connecting a SINVERT PVM to the WebMonitor portal via Ethernet ........................................ 66
Setting the IP address and standard gateway ............................................................................ 66
Assignment in the web portal (activation code for the SINVERT WebMonitor).......................... 68
Connecting a SINVERT PVM to the Internet portal via RS485 .................................................. 69
Operator input.......................................................................................................................................... 71
8.1
Control elements and status display ........................................................................................... 71
8.2
Overview of menu navigation...................................................................................................... 73
8.3
Display of the infeed power and the energy data ....................................................................... 74
8.4
8.4.1
8.4.2
8.4.3
8.4.4
8.4.5
8.4.6
Device menu ............................................................................................................................... 75
Overview ..................................................................................................................................... 75
Analysis ....................................................................................................................................... 75
Actual values............................................................................................................................... 76
Fault memory .............................................................................................................................. 76
Configuration............................................................................................................................... 77
Inverter information ..................................................................................................................... 78
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Table of contents
9
10
11
12
13
Parameter assignment............................................................................................................................. 79
9.1
Specific parameter assignment via numerical list........................................................................79
9.2
Reactive power control ................................................................................................................86
9.3
Fixed limitation of the active output power...................................................................................86
Service and maintenance ........................................................................................................................ 87
10.1
Maintenance.................................................................................................................................87
10.2
Inverter replacement ....................................................................................................................88
10.3
Disposal .......................................................................................................................................91
Troubleshooting ....................................................................................................................................... 93
11.1
Self-test - error messages............................................................................................................93
11.2
Transient fault ..............................................................................................................................93
11.3
Faults ...........................................................................................................................................94
11.4
Isolation faults ..............................................................................................................................94
11.5
Acknowledging a fault ..................................................................................................................94
11.6
Error messages............................................................................................................................95
11.7
Plant faults .................................................................................................................................101
Technical data ....................................................................................................................................... 107
12.1
SINVERT PVM inverter..............................................................................................................107
12.2
Insolation sensor........................................................................................................................109
Ordering data......................................................................................................................................... 111
13.1
SINVERT PVM inverter..............................................................................................................111
13.2
Spare parts and accessories .....................................................................................................111
14
Dimension drawings .............................................................................................................................. 115
A
Appendix................................................................................................................................................ 117
A.1
Technical support.......................................................................................................................117
A.2
Latest documentation.................................................................................................................118
Glossary ................................................................................................................................................ 119
Index...................................................................................................................................................... 121
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Table of contents
SINVERT PVM
8
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Introduction
1.1
1
About this manual
Purpose of this manual
These operating instructions contain all the information for the installation, commissioning,
and operation of the SINVERT PVM10, PVM13, PVM17 (4DC and 6DC), and PVM 20
inverters.
The SINVERT PVM17 4DC inverter is no longer available to order.
Validity of the documentation
The operating instructions apply to the inverters
● SINVERT PVM10, PVM13, PVM17 (4DC and 6DC), and PVM20 with firmware versions
FW25, FW26, FW27 and FW29
Basic knowledge required
● Training as an electrical technician
● Experience of working with PV systems
● Experience of installing and commissioning PV systems
● Experience of working with inverters
Conventions
In this manual, the abbreviation SINVERT PVM is also used to refer to inverters of type
SINVERT PVM10, SINVERT PVM13, SINVERT PVM17 4DC, SINVERT PVM17 6DC, and
SINVERT PVM20.
The latest version of the operating instructions is available on the Internet.
These operating instructions are regularly updated. For this reason, always download the
latest version from the Internet so that you always have the valid operating instructions for
any variant of the SINVERT PVM inverter.
Follow the link below to access the instructions:
SINVERT support (http://www.siemens.com/sinvert-support)
Trademarks
SINVERT® is a registered trademark of Siemens AG.
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
9
Introduction
1.2 History of changes in this documentation
1.2
History of changes in this documentation
Release
Remark
12/2009
First edition (German only)
01/2010
Changes (German only)
03/2010
Changes (German and English)
07/2010
Addition of the SINVERT PVM17 6DC and SINVERT PVM20 inverters;
changes
08/2011
Compliance with the German Energy and Water Association (BDEW) guideline;
new national approvals
11/2012
Compliance with VDE-AR-N 4105, changes
SINVERT PVM
10
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Safety instructions
2
To avoid personal injury or material damage, the following instructions must be read before
commissioning the unit for the first time. These safety instructions must be followed at all
times.
WARNING
Improper handling of these devices and failure to follow the warnings given here, as well as
improper interference with the safety equipment and the unit, can lead to property damage,
bodily injury, or electric shock, and in extreme cases can cause death.
WARNING
Risk of electric shock
Do not open the device! The unit interior can contain fatal voltage, even after it is switched
off.
CAUTION
Safety hazards associated with using unsuitable PV modules
The SINVERT PVM inverter is not suitable for use with PV modules for which pole
grounding is an essential requirement. Modules of this type must not be connected to the
SINVERT PVM inverter. Failure to provide suitable grounding poses a safety risk to
personnel and the installation itself.
NOTICE
Invalidation of the warranty
The device is only permitted to be opened by authorized specialist personnel, otherwise the
warranty will be invalidated.
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
11
Safety instructions
2.1 Qualified personnel
2.1
Qualified personnel
These operating instructions are intended for the following persons:
● Electrical technicians who commission the unit and connect it to other units in the PV
system
● Service and maintenance engineers who are installing upgrades or performing error
analyses
This documentation is written for trained specialists. It does not provide basic information
about PV systems.
● Only trained specialists may install the unit.
– The installation engineer must be qualified according to the national guidelines.
– Approval by the relevant electrical utility may also be necessary.
● Operation, maintenance, and repair of this device may be made only by qualified staff
who are trained to work on or with electrical devices.
2.2
Protection against touching electrical parts
WARNING
Risk of electric shock
• Before switching on, ensure the connectors are seated properly.
• Remove the PV generator connectors only when the following conditions have been
met:
– Switch the DC disconnector on the SINVERT PVM to "OFF".
– Measure at the DC end to make sure that no current is flowing.
– Disconnect the power supply and take measures to prevent the power being
switched back on again.
WARNING
Electric shock and fire hazard due to high leakage current
Create a ground connection before connecting to the PV field and the power supply circuit.
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Safety instructions
2.3 Protection against magnetic and electromagnetic fields in operation and installation
2.3
Protection against magnetic and electromagnetic fields in operation
and installation
The magnetic and electromagnetic fields that are present in the immediate vicinity of
electrical conductors can represent a serious danger to people with pacemakers, metal
implants, and hearing aids.
WARNING
People with pacemakers, metal implants, and hearing aids are at risk of damaging their
health in the immediate vicinity of electrical equipment.
• Access to the following areas is prohibited for people with pacemakers and metal
implants:
– Areas in which electrical devices and components are installed, operated, or
commissioned.
• If it is necessary for a pacemaker wearer to enter such areas, this requires a doctor's
prior approval. The resistance to interference of pacemakers that have been implanted
or are yet to be implanted varies greatly, and general guidelines are therefore not
possible.
• People with metal implants or fragments and those with hearing aids must consult a
doctor before entering such areas, as dangers to health can be expected.
2.4
Protection against burn hazards
CAUTION
Surfaces of device enclosure may be hot! Risk of injury! Hot parts – burn hazard!
• Do not touch cooling fins and the upper area of the enclosure during operation. Hot
parts – burn hazard!
• Before touching the unit, let it cool down for 15 minutes.
• At an ambient temperature of 45 °C, the upper part of the enclosure and the heat sink
can assume a surface temperature of 75 °C!
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
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Safety instructions
2.5 Protection during handling and installation
2.5
Protection during handling and installation
Improper handling and installation of certain parts and components can result in injury under
unfavorable conditions.
CAUTION
Danger of injury due to improper handling! Injury by crushing, jackknifing, cutting, bumping,
or lifting!
• The general construction and safety regulations must be observed in handling and
installation.
• A SINVERT PVM inverter weighs approximately 40 kg.
• Suitable installation and transport equipment must be used.
• Only use suitable tools.
• Lifting equipment and tools must be used correctly.
• Suitable protective equipment (e.g. safety goggles, safety shoes, protective gloves)
must be used.
• Never stand underneath suspended loads.
2.6
Selecting the country setting
The country setting determines the country-specific line monitoring parameters. In selecting
the country setting, the menu language is set automatically. The menu language is then
independent of the country setting and can be freely selected at any time using the menu.
No country setting is selected when the device is delivered. The device prompts you to
select the country setting. You can choose among the countries listed. The term "country
setting" itself does not appear in the menu.
NOTICE
The selected country setting can be changed by service personnel only!
After selecting and confirming the country setting, you can no longer change the country
setting yourself. According to the regulations, the country setting can be changed by
service personnel only.
If the unit has been in operation, the country setting is already selected. In this event, you
will not be asked to enter the country setting. The country setting can be changed by
service personnel only.
From firmware version FW27, the country setting can be modified within the first 40
operating hours via the menu command "Configuration->Country".
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Safety instructions
2.6 Selecting the country setting
NOTICE
Withdrawal of operating permit
If you operate SINVERT PVM with an incorrect country setting, the electrical utility can
withdraw your operating permit.
Note
No liability is accepted if the country setting is incorrect
We accept no liability for the consequences of an incorrect country setting.
The relevant regulations of the competent power supply utility must be observed.
Note
Resetting of an incorrect country setting is subject to a charge
Only Siemens can reset an incorrect and no longer modifiable country setting. Please note
that this requires return of the device or local deployment of service personnel and this
involves a cost.
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
15
Safety instructions
2.6 Selecting the country setting
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
3
Description
3.1
Design
The following figure shows the basic design of the SINVERT PVM inverter.
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3.2
Design of the SINVERT PVM
Features
SINVERT PVM is a transformerless, three-phase inverter with the following features:
● SINVERT PVM has an especially high efficiency.
● PV generators with power outputs up to 21.6 kWp can be connected.
● The device does not have to be opened for mounting and connecting.
● All electrical connections have lockable connectors.
● SINVERT PVM has an integral DC disconnector in accordance with EN 60947-3.
● Heat dissipation purely by convection
● Internal temperature monitoring protects the device against impermissible ambient
temperatures.
● Interfaces: Ethernet, RS485, connection for an insolation sensor or a combined insolation
temperature sensor
● Operator input is via keys below the display.
● An illuminated graphics display represents the waveform of the infeed power and other
data.
● Almost unrestricted area of application thanks to version in degree of protection IP65.
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
17
Description
3.3 Scope of supply
3.3
Scope of supply
The scope of supply of the SINVERT PVM inverters includes the following:
● SINVERT PVM inverter:
SINVERT PVM10 or SINVERT PVM13 or SINVERT PVM17 or SINVERT PVM20
● Wall bracket
● Accessory pack
– 2 x flat-head screw M5x20,
for mechanically securing the inverter in the wall bracket
– 1 x contact insert 5-pin VC-TFS5-PEA
– 1 x socket shell IP67 VC-K-T3-R-M25-PLOMB
– 1 x cable gland Schlemmer-Tec M25x1.5/21532
● Operating instructions (compact) as hard copy
● CD with operating instructions
Note
Spare parts
The wall bracket and the accessory pack with the connector set can be ordered
separately as spare parts. See section Spare parts and accessories (Page 111)
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Description
3.4 Device connections and operator controls
3.4
Device connections and operator controls
The figure below shows the connections of the SINVERT PVM inverter on the underside of
the device.
Device connections for SINVERT PVM10 4DC, SINVERT PVM13, and SINVERT PVM17 4DC
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4 pairs of PV generator connections: MC4 connectors/sockets
Top row: +, bottom row: RS485 connection: IN
RS485 connection OUT
Ethernet interface connection
Mains connection
Ground connection M8
Connection for insolation sensor
Overpressure compensation
Figure 3-2
Device connections for SINVERT PVM10, SINVERT PVM13, and SINVERT
PVM17 4DC
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
19
Description
3.5 Firmware version
Device connections for SINVERT PVM17 6DC and SINVERT PVM20
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Top row: +, bottom row: RS485 connection: IN
RS485 connection OUT
Ethernet interface connection
Mains connection
Ground connection M8
Connection for insolation sensor
Overpressure compensation
Figure 3-3
Device connections for SINVERT PVM17 6DC and SINVERT PVM20
Note
Avoid frequent, successive switching of the DC circuit breaker
The DC circuit breaker is intended for commissioning and service purposes.
It is not designed for frequent, successive switching.
3.5
Firmware version
The operating instructions are valid for the SINVERT PVM10, PVM13, PVM17 and PVM20
inverters with firmware versions FW25, FW26, FW27 and FW29 .
Firmware version
Modification
25
First edition
26
New control concept, additional country codes
27
Modification of the country setting up to 40 hours after switching on,
compliance with the German Energy and Water Association (BDEW) guideline,
additional country codes
29
Compliance with VDE-AR-N 4105
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Description
3.6 Block diagram
Firmware version identification
You can recognize the firmware version of your device as delivered from:
● The serial number on the rating plate of the device
Example: Serial Number: LBA502271000389 (27 = Firmware version)
● The operator panel: F1, menu command "Device information -> Version number"
Example: 802S017-27-14-S (27 = Firmware version)
In the case of updates , the changed firmware version is labeled separately by the technical
personnel.
3.6
Block diagram
The SINVERT PVM inverters are equipped with a surge arrester of Category 3 both on the
AC side and the DC side.
Block diagram for SINVERT PVM
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Figure 3-4
Block diagram with 4/6 DC inputs
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
21
Description
3.7 Operator panel
3.7
Operator panel
The waveform of data such as the infeed power can be represented with the 128 x 64-pixel
graphics display integrated on the front. The necessary parameters are selected and entered
using the 8-key operator panel. The display is illuminated when a key is first pressed. The
lighting goes out automatically after a few seconds.
SINVERT
READY
ON
ALARM
GROUND FLT
Analysis
Actual values
Fault memory
Configuration
Device information
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SINVERT PVM
22
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Description
3.7 Operator panel
Status display
Designation
READY
ON
ALARM
Description
LED flashing:
Initialization
LED is lit:
Initialization of the unit is complete, but the inverter itself is
not yet switched in. The inverter is not yet drawing current.
For further details, see Chapter Switching on the device
and switch-on procedure (Page 59)
LED flashing:
Switching in the inverter
LED is lit:
Infeed operation
For further details, see Chapter Switching on the device
and switch-on procedure (Page 59)
LED flashes red:
Transient fault. The error message is saved in the fault
memory, safe from power outages.
For further details, see Chapter Transient fault (Page 93)
GROUND FLT
LED lit red:
Fault: The error message is saved in the fault memory, safe
from power outages.
For further details, see Chapter Faults (Page 94)
LED lit
The insulation value in the PV array is too low.
See Chapter Isolation faults (Page 94)
Display
● Depending on the selection, the display shows the following information:
– Status display
– Infeed power
– Energy data
– Device menu
● Selection via the input keys.
● The display is illuminated as soon as a key is pressed and it switches off automatically.
Input keys
Designation
Description
F1
Calling up the device menu
Selection of the menu level
Function in the menu: Navigation within the menu level
Function on parameter change:
Position left, position right (skip screen)
ESC
Acknowledging a failure, deleting an input, one menu back
ENTER
Confirmation of a selection or entry
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
23
Description
3.8 Communication scenarios
3.8
Communication scenarios
In this chapter, you will learn more about the communication options of the SINVERT PVM
products. Different, frequently occurring communication scenarios will be presented. These
are intended as examples, since local conditions such as cable lengths, Internet access
method, etc., must be taken into account in each plant.
Legal requirements and standards such as the active power limitation in accordance with §6
EEG or the medium voltage guideline of the German Energy and Water Association (BDEW)
must be observed.
The telecontrol of the power utility companies for this purpose, such as ripple control
receivers for active power limitation, are only represented in schematic form here since they
can differ significantly from power utility to power utility.
You can find more information on cabling in the operating instructions of the SINVERT PVM
ControlBox in the Chapter "Connecting".
The data volume transferred is typically 1.5 MB/month/inverter.
Data volumes of up to 10 MB are possible at initial connection or when reloading.
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Description
3.8 Communication scenarios
Example 1:
Configuration of several PVM inverters and connection to the WebMonitor portal
The figure shows a simple configuration with several SINVERT PVM inverters and
connection to the SINVERT WebMonitor portal. Internet access is via the DSL modem
provided by the Internet service provider (e.g. Telekom, 1&1, …).
The inverters are cabled using patch cables CAT5/6 SFTP (screened foil twisted-pair). For
this purpose, each inverter is connected with the switch (star topology).
The switch must have as many ports as there are inverters connected plus one port for
connecting the DSL modem. We recommend the use of switches from the Siemens
Scalance range. They are rugged, suitable for industrial use and can be installed on
standard mounting rails in the subdistribution board.
For setting the necessary parameters on the inverter, see Chapter "Connecting a SINVERT
PVM to the WebMonitor portal via Ethernet (Page 66) ".
Please note that in Germany, this scenario is only permissible up to a plant output of less
than 100 kWp. For larger plants, the SINVERT PVM ControlBox is required.
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SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
25
Description
3.8 Communication scenarios
Example 2:
Configuration of several PVM inverters and one PVM ControlBox
The figure shows the simple configuration with several SINVERT PVM inverters and
connection to the SINVERT WebMonitor portal for plant outputs greater than 100kWp.
Internet access is via the DSL modem provided by the Internet service provider (e.g.
Telekom or 1&1).
Due to the plant size, in Germany you require active power reduction in accordance with §6
EEG, e.g. the SINVERT PVM ControlBox.
The inverters are cabled via the RS485 interface. This supports the USS protocol (universal
serial interface protocol) that is used on the SINVERT WebMonitor portal for data
transmission. The SINVERT PVM ControlBox has two RS485 bus connections. Up to 31
SINVERT PVM inverters can be operated on each bus so that up to max. 62 inverters can
be connected in this configuration.
For setting the necessary parameters on the inverter, see Chapter "Communication
(Page 65) " and "Connecting a SINVERT PVM to the WebMonitor portal via Ethernet
(Page 66) ".
Please note that in Germany, this scenario is only permissible up to a plant output of less
than 30 kWp. For larger plants, the SINVERT PVM ControlBox is required. For more
information, see the Chapter "Feed-in management" there.
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In plants with no DSL Internet access, the DSL modem can be replaced with a GPRS router
that establishes the Internet connection by mobile wireless means. We recommend the
Siemens MD843 UMTS router for establishing the wireless connection.
SINVERT PVM
26
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Description
3.8 Communication scenarios
Example 3:
Configuration of several PVM inverters, PVM ControlBox, GPRS router, and VPN tunnel
This example differs from the previous one in that remote access to the plant is additionally
possible. A secure connection (VPN tunnel) to the plant is established from a service center.
This ensures that no-one but the service center personnel have access to the plant. This
means it is possible to log onto the plant securely for service and diagnostics purposes. The
connection to the SINVERT WebMonitor portal remains in place during such work.
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SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
27
Description
3.8 Communication scenarios
Example 4:
Configuration of several PVM inverters with connection to the Meteocontrol or Solarlog
Portal
The figure shows how you can connect the SINVERT PVM inverters to the Web portal of the
companies Meteocontrol GmbH or Solare Datensysteme GmbH. You require the respective
product for this. Access to this portal involves costs.
For setting the necessary parameters on the inverter, see Chapter "Connecting a SINVERT
PVM to the WebMonitor portal via Ethernet (Page 66) ".
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Remark: Data loggers from other vendors can also be compatible with Sinvert PVM. Contact
the manufacturer of the devices in this regard.
SINVERT PVM
28
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Description
3.8 Communication scenarios
Example 5:
Configuration of 2 PVM inverter groups and one fiber optic connection
In this configuration, you can see the use of fiber optic cables instead of copper cables. Fiber
optic cables are used when large distances have to be bridged between the communication
partners, e.g. the SINVERT PVM inverters. With fiber optic switches of the Siemens
Scalance series, distances of up to 26 km can be bridged. A further benefit is the immunity of
fiber optics to EMI compared to copper cables.
In the following example, two groups of inverters located far from each other in 2
photovoltaic sub-arrays are connected to each other by fiber optic cable.
The inverters are connected to each other as described in scenario 1 with copper cables.
The Siemens Scalance X101 media converter is used for converting to fiber optic cable.
The communication components can be installed in the subdistribution board.
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SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
29
Description
3.8 Communication scenarios
Example 6:
Configuration of several PV sub-arrays and connection to a fiber optic ring
In contrast to Scenario 7, a fiber optic ring topology is established in this configuration. The
photovoltaic sub-arrays are connected to a fiber optic ring. The distance of the sub-arrays
can be up to 26 km. The advantage of a fiber optic ring, in contrast to the linear topology
shown in Scenario 7, is the high availability of the ring. Disconnecting the ring at one point
has no effect on the availability of communication. The switches of the Siemens Scalance
X204 series autonomously establish an alternative path to the node within a second if an
interruption occurs on on the ring.
The status of the switch can be monitored via a Web browser and an isolated signaling
contact.
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SINVERT PVM
30
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Description
3.9 Internal datalogger
3.9
Internal datalogger
The SINVERT PVM inverter contains an internal datalogger that enables the parallel
recording of measured values in the form of parameters. The data logger is designed as a
ring buffer. If the memory capacity is exceeded, the oldest measured values are overwritten.
In the standard scope of delivery, the values relevant to the WebMonitor are logged. The
values can be stored for up to approximately 5 years, depending on the recording cycle
selected.
Recording cycle
Storage time
Every minute
Approx. 6 months
Every 2 minutes
Approx. 12 months
Every 5 minutes
Approx. 2.5 years
Every 10 minutes
Approx. 5 years
Note
Do not change the standard setting
We recommend that you do not change the standard setting of 10 minutes.
If a shorter recording cycle should be necessary, e.g. for analysis purposes, please contact
our Technical Support.
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
31
Description
3.9 Internal datalogger
SINVERT PVM
32
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
4
Application planning
4.1
Requirements to be met by the PV field
To be observed concerning the operating data of the PV generator
The following operating data must on no account be exceeded by the PV generator!
Device type
PVM10
4DC
PVM13
Maximum permissible no-load voltage
per input
PVM17
4DC
PVM20
41 A
41 A
1,000 V
Maximum DC voltage per input in
operation
950 V
Maximum DC current per
switch contact
(see connection methods below)
25 A
Maximum DC current at the input via
all connections
PVM17
6DC
36 A
36 A
41 A
The following points should be observed for grounding
WARNING
No pole grounding of the PV generator in the case of transformerless solar inverters
With transformerless solar inverters without galvanic isolation, the positive or negative pole
of the PV generator must not be grounded!
Failure to observe this presents danger to life and can result in destruction of the PV
modules.
The inverter carries out an isolation measurement before connecting to the grid. With pole
grounding, an isolation fault is detected and grid connection does not take place.
The isolation resistance on the generator side upstream of grid switch-in must be at least
500 kΩ.
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
33
Application planning
4.1 Requirements to be met by the PV field
The following points should be noted for the connection method:
The power of the PV array must be distributed across all inputs of the inverter as evenly as
possible for even loading of the components.
● The SINVERT PVM10 4DC, PVM13, and PVM17 4DC inverters each have four DC
inputs for the PV array, for this reason ...
– with 2 PV connecting cables: use inputs 1 and 3 or 2 and 4
– with 3 PV connecting cables: use inputs 1, 2, 3 or 1, 3, 4 or 2, 3, 4
– with 4 PV connecting cables: use inputs 1, 2, 3, 4
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PV array connection with four DC inputs
● The SINVERT PVM17 6DC and PVM20 inverters each have six DC inputs for the PV
array, for this reason ...
– with 2 PV connecting cables: use inputs 1 and 4 or 2 and 5 or 3 and 6
– with 3 PV connecting cables: use inputs 1, 3, 5 or 2, 4, 6
– with 4 PV connecting cables: use inputs 1, 2, 4, 5 or 2, 3, 5, 6
– with more than 4 PV connecting cables, any connections can be used.
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Figure 4-2
PV array connection with six DC inputs
SINVERT PVM
34
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Application planning
4.2 Reverse power flow due to module defects
4.2
Reverse power flow due to module defects
Reverse currents are fault currents that can occur in PV systems consisting of lines switched
in parallel.
Reverse currents can have the following causes:
● Short-circuits of individual modules
● Short-circuits of cells in a module
● Double ground fault
As a result, the open-circuit voltage of the affected string can decrease (e.g. through
defective modules or parts of modules) to such an extent that the intact parallel-switched
strings cause a reverse current through the defective string. This can destroy the string in the
worst case.
The sometimes intense overheating of the damaged string caused by the reverse current
can also result in secondary damage.
To avoid such damage to PV systems, appropriate precautions must be taken. Generally, a
distinction must be made here between two scenarios:
1. The PV system is designed in such a way that the reverse current flowing in the event of
a fault results in neither destruction of the damaged lines nor in any secondary damage.
In the worst case, the reverse current comprises the sum of the short-circuit currents of all
intact lines. The current-carrying capacity of the plant components (connectors, cables)
and the reverse current resistance of the modules are decisive here. Please refer to the
manufacturer's data sheet for the current-carrying capacity.
2. The PV system is designed in such a way that the reverse current occurring in the event
of a fault exceeds the destruction limit. In this case, each string must be fused individually
using a string fuse switched in series. In the event of a fault, the line is isolated from the
intact lines and destruction is prevented.
Note
Please note that fuses may be required in the module data sheet.
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
35
Application planning
4.3 Communication
4.3
Communication
The Ethernet interface and the RS485 interfaces are used for remote monitoring of the
SINVERT PVM inverters:
● Remote monitoring via SINVERT WebMonitor
● Standardized setting of setpoints for certain system configurations via the SINVERT PVM
ControlBox
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Up to 31 devices can be connected to one RS485 bus.
SINVERT PVM
36
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Application planning
4.4 Infeed into the AC system
4.4
Infeed into the AC system
Note
Possible EMC problems caused by inadequate grounding
In order to satisfy EMC standards, ground the inverter at the M8 grounding point with at least
10 mm2! The ground connection to the potential compensating line or ground spike must be
as short as possible.
Infeed into the low-voltage system
TN-S system
In a TN-S system, the protective conductor PE is connected separately. Loads can be
connected directly to PE.
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SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
37
Application planning
4.4 Infeed into the AC system
TN-C-S system
With a TN-C-S system, a PEN conductor is used that is simultaneously the protective
conductor (PE) and the neutral conductor (N). At a certain point, the PEN conductor is
divided into the neutral conductor and the protective conductor. Loads can be connected
directly to PE.
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TT system
In a TT system, there is no separate protective conductor PE. The load must be connected
via ground.
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When it is connected to a TT system without a separate protective conductor PE, a separate
PE cable with a cross-section of at least 10 mm2 must be connected to and grounded on the
SINVERT PVM inverter.
SINVERT PVM
38
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Application planning
4.5 Feed-in management
4.5
Feed-in management
EEG Guideline for PV plants
In accordance with the current amendment to the EEG (Renewable Energy Sources Act), PV
plants in the Federal Republic of Germany must participate in feed-in management.
The primary significance of this ruling is that grid operators now have the option of reducing
the power of the plant by remote means in the case of grid overload.
Feed-in management for PV plants larger than 30 kW
To enable grid operators to reduce the power output of a PV plant larger than 30 kW by
remote means, you require technical equipment for remote-controlled power limitation, e.g.
the SINVERT PVM ControlBox or the SINVERT PVM ParkControl with S7-1200.
Feed-in management for PV plants up to 30 kW
In the case of PV plants up to 30 kW, the operator selects whether to reduce the infeed to
70% of the rated power on a sustained basis, or to technically equip the plant for remotecontrolled power limitation.
In the case of SINVERT PVM, a fixed limit value can be parameterized (see Chapter "Fixed
limitation of the active output power (Page 86)").
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
39
Application planning
4.6 Transportation
4.6
Transportation
The devices must be transported in a clean and dry state, preferably in their original
packaging.
● The transport temperature must be between - 25 °C and + 70 °C.
● Temperature fluctuations greater than 20 °C per hour are not permitted.
● The SINVERT PVM original packaging must be used for transport and storage.
● When transporting, the load must be protected against slipping and tipping.
● Transport with fork-lift truck and/or crane must only be carried out by authorized
specialists.
NOTICE
Warranty exclusion in the case of improper transport or storage
The product warranty and/or service warranty does not apply if the claim is made in respect
to improper transport or improper storage.
Transport with euro pallet
In the upright position, a euro pallet encompasses four SINVERT PVM inverters. A maximum
of two pallets can be stacked one on top of the other.
4.7
Storage
The devices must be stored in clean and dry rooms, preferably in their original packaging.
The storage temperature must be between - 25 °C and + 55 °C. Temperature fluctuations
greater than 20 °C per hour are not permitted.
Note
The SINVERT PVM inverter contains electrolytic capacitors. These capacitors can be stored
at zero voltage for up to 2 years at a storage temperature of ≤ 40 °C.
If the storage period of two years is exceeded, please contact Service & Support before
connecting the SINVERT PVM inverter to the system, see Technical support (Page 117).
SINVERT PVM
40
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
5
Installation
5.1
Unpacking the device
The devices are top-heavy and are therefore stored upside-down in the packaging for ease
of transport. On opening the packaging, you will see the bottom of the device (device
connections).
To unpack the device, follow the instructions on the packaging.
Steps
Sketches
Pull the 4 clip fasteners on the
carton out and up.
•
There are 2 on each face
Lift the sleeve carton up using the
two recessed grips.
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
41
Installation
5.2 Requirements regarding the installation location
Steps
•
Sketches
Lift the device up and out of the
base section using the metal profiles
on the side.
When setting the device down,
ensure that the surface of the
device is not scratched.
Lift the retaining clip up and remove
the wall bracket from the device.
5.2
Requirements regarding the installation location
The SINVERT PVM inverter uses pure convection cooling, and is therefore designed for
mounting on a vertical wall. Installation is carried out by means of a wall bracket.
● The unit must be freely accessible for installation and service activities.
● A shaded installation location must be selected (no direct sunlight).
● Only vertical mounting is approved.
● Use a solid wall or metal structure. It must be ensured that module racks made of wood
can bear the weight.
Ensure that the wall is strong enough. At least 40 kg per unit is required.
● Maintain sufficient distance from flammable materials.
SINVERT PVM
42
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Installation
5.2 Requirements regarding the installation location
● Installation at eye level is recommended to facilitate operation.
● Outdoor installation is also possible thanks to IP65 degree of protection.
Note
To ensure the IP65 degree of protection, the connectors and sockets must be used to
connect the SINVERT PVM, following the connector manufacturer's installation
instructions. To protect against the ingress of moisture and dirt, unused inputs and
outputs must be closed. Failure to follow this guideline may void the warranty!
● The rating plate must be legible since it contains important information, such as the
activation code.
● The cooling fins on the heat sink must never be covered.
Failure to follow this guideline may void the warranty.
● To allow the necessary heat dissipation, the following minimum distances to the ceiling
and wall, or adjacent units, must be observed. If the minimum distances are violated, heat
dissipation is reduced and thus also the inverter power.
At the side
50 mm
Up
500 mm
Down
500 mm
Figure 5-1
Minimum spacing
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
43
Installation
5.3 Installation of SINVERT PVM inverter
5.3
Installation of SINVERT PVM inverter
A supplied wall bracket is used in installation.
Note the following before installation
CAUTION
Improper handling can result in injury and damage
Improper handling can result in a device malfunction or even in serious injury as a result of
crushing, jackknifing, cutting, bumping and fire.
• The SINVERT PVM inverter's weight of approx. 40 kg must be taken into account.
• Appropriate care must be taken when transporting and installing.
• Two persons are required for installation.
NOTICE
Do not put any weight on the edge of the cover when installing!
Never grip the device by the cover!
Use only the four hand grips for moving the device.
Installing the wall bracket
Wall bracket
Installation instructions
•
In setting up the wall mount, the weight
of the SINVERT PVM inverter of
approx. 40 kg must be accounted for.
•
Use the wall bracket as a drilling
template to mark the drill holes.
•
If possible, use all the holes in the
bracket, but at the very least use the
middle three holes.
•
Screw the bracket firmly into place
using suitable screws.
•
Notice! You must observe the correct
mounting direction. The arrows on the
wall bracket identify the upper edge.
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SINVERT PVM
44
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Installation
5.3 Installation of SINVERT PVM inverter
Installing the inverter
Installation steps
Hook the cooling channels of the inverter ②
onto the tabs ① at the top on the wall
bracket.
Swing the SINVERT PVM inverter onto the
wall and place it on the edge of the bracket
④.
Then lift the inverter a little so you can reach
the insert nut ③ and push the inverter all the
way to the wall.
Secure the SINVERT PVM inverter by
inserting the screws (M5x20) ⑤ included in
the accessory pack from below into the insert
nuts of the wall bracket.
•
If the screws get lost, use only stainless
steel screws as a substitute.
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
45
Installation
5.3 Installation of SINVERT PVM inverter
SINVERT PVM
46
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
6
Connecting
CAUTION
Safety hazards associated with using unsuitable PV modules
The SINVERT PVM inverter is not suitable for use with PV modules for which pole
grounding is an essential requirement. Modules of this type must not be connected to the
SINVERT PVM inverter. Failure to provide suitable grounding poses a safety risk to
personnel and the installation itself.
Note
Loss of degree of protection
The IP65 degree of protection is retained only if you connect the connector from the
accessory pack correctly. If you use different connectors, or the connectors are not properly
connected, you lose the IP65 protection. Close all unused openings with blind plugs.
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
47
Connecting
6.1 Grounding
6.1
Grounding
Basic information regarding grounding
The SINVERT PVM inverter must be grounded. Otherwise, a difference in potential can arise
resulting in a danger of electrocution.
If the grounding is insufficient, EMC problems can also result.
● The M8 threaded bolt is to be used on the connection side for grounding.
● Grounding can also be considered an overvoltage protection measure. Therefore, for
grounding, choose a cable cross section that is larger than the cross section of the supply
line (at least 10 mm ²).
● Correctly installed grounding of the module frame can be additionally used as
equipotential bonding for overvoltage protection.
● Even if the AC connector is disconnected, the unit may still have live DC voltage.
The unit is not grounded without the connection to the ground via the grounding bolt.
● The ground wire should be installed at the greatest possible distance to the mains supply
line and not directly parallel to it. (Separate installation is necessary in order to prevent
electromagnetic interference at the cables, i.e. injection of interference).
● The unit must be connected to a TN-S system where possible. When it is connected to a
TT system without a separate protective conductor PE, a separate PE cable with a crosssection of at least 10 mm2 must be connected to and grounded on the SINVERT PVM
inverter.
Connect grounding
PVM unit connection
Installation steps
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The grounding nut must be tightened
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SINVERT PVM
48
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Connecting
6.2 Choice of power supply cable
6.2
Choice of power supply cable
Selecting the cable cross-section
Select the cross-section of the AC grid connecting cable in such a way that the line losses
are as low as possible.
The following points must be kept in mind:
● A finely stranded cable is recommended as the feeder conductor for all cross-sections as
it is easier to work with.
● The cable gland of the supplied connector housing permits a maximum external diameter
of the supply cable of 18 mm. This results in supply cables of up to 5 x 6 mm2 (e.g.
Lapptherm 145, 5 x 6 mm²).
● You can order a larger connector housing optionally that allows a maximum external
diameter of the cable of 24 mm. This allows you to connect a cable of 5 x 10 mm², and
5 x 16 mm² if applicable. See Chapter Spare parts and accessories (Page 111)
Connector
Connection area of the connector housing
AC connector from the accessory pack
External diameter: 9 ... 18 mm
AC connector available as an accessory
External diameter: 14 ... 25 mm
● Resistive and inductive line losses must be ≤ 1%
● System inductance must be ≤ 30μH
● To guarantee degree of protection IP65, the connectors and connecting cables must
match. Use the equipment from the accessories pack.
Maximum cable lengths
For a voltage drop ≤ 1% in the cables, the following guide values for cross-sections and
cable lengths typically apply.
Cable cross-section
Maximum cable length
PVM10 4DC
PVM13
PVM17 4DC
PVM17 6DC
PVM20
6.0 mm2
43 m
43 m
31 m
27 m
27 m
mm2
57 m
57 m
41 m
36 m
36 m
8.0
mm2
10.0
72 m
72 m
52 m
44 m
44 m
16.0 mm2
114 m
114 m
82 m
71 m
71 m
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
49
Connecting
6.3 AC power connection
System impedances with long single-core supply lines
To prevent high system impedances and unfavorable power grid conditions, the mains
supply conductor must be twisted where possible.
If twisted installation is not possible, you must observe the following in all cases when
installing the single cores:
● When installing single cores, a minimum gap must be maintained between the cores.
● Do not install the single cores in closed magnetically conductive materials (e.g. steel
piping)
● Avoid installation along magnetically conductive materials
6.3
AC power connection
Connecting principle based on an example configuration
The figure below shows an example configuration of a PV system with the PVM inverter (5),
including line protection (6), residual-current protection (7), and overvoltage protection (8).
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Example configuration of a PV system - AC side
Requirements using the example of Germany with low-voltage power system
(Low-Voltage Directive - LVD)
● The following standards must always be observed:
– IEC 60364-5-523: Current-carrying capacities in wiring systems
As well as the relevant local standards such as DIN VDE 0298-4 for Germany
– IEC 364-4-43: Erection of high-current systems with rated voltages up to 1000 V
– IEC 364-4-473: Protective measures; protecting cables and lines against overcurrent
As well as the relevant local standards such as DIN VDE 0100; Part 430 for Germany
– IEC 60364-4-41: Protective measures and protection against electric shock
As well as the relevant local standards such as DIN VDE 0100; Part 410 for Germany
● Ground connection is available.
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Connecting
6.3 AC power connection
● The grid connecting cable must be equipped with a suitable line protection (6):
– 32 A rated current, characteristic B (maximum rated device current: 29 A per phase)
– Take account of reduction factors when wiring miniature circuit breakers in series.
– Neozed fuses can also be used
– With adequate cable cross-sections, line side switches with higher rated current can
also be used.
● If additional residual current protection is explicitly requested for the PV plant, each
inverter can be protected separately by means of a residual-current circuit breaker Type
A (7).
– Rated residual current per inverter: 100 mA
– See also Chapter Residual current protection (RCD) (Page 53).
● In addition, the following points from the local power supply company should be
observed:
– The relevant technical and specific rules
– There must be approval for the installation.
● Suitable overvoltage protection (8) is to be provided (optional).
● The power connection is isolated and a voltage-free state is ensured.
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
51
Connecting
6.3 AC power connection
Connecting
WARNING
Danger to life due to electrocution on the AC power supply
Before connecting the SINVERT PVM inverter to the AC power supply, the power
connection must be isolated, absence of power must be determined, and a safeguard must
be provided to prevent it being switched on again.
Connection procedure
1
Check that the line voltage complies with local regulations.
If line voltages are too high, the responsible grid operator must provide a remedy.
2
Insert the power cord connector on the
supplied plug, following the diagram.
3
Close the connector housing and tighten the
cable gland to prevent the ingress of
moisture.
4
Connect the power connector on the
SINVERT PVM inverter and screw the plug
firmly into position.
5
Provide all unused connections with dummy plugs to guarantee degree of protection IP65.
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Connecting
6.4 Residual current protection (RCD)
6.4
Residual current protection (RCD)
The SINVERT PVMs are transformerless photovoltaic grid-connected inverters that meet the
requirements for residual current protection in accordance with IEC 60364-7-712. They also
comply with the local standards DIN VDE 0100-712 for Germany and CEI 64-8/7 for Italy.
If, however, additional residual current protection is requested for the PV plant, each
SINVERT PVM inverter can be operated separately with a residual current circuit breaker
(RCCB) of Type A, without impairing the functionality of the circuit breaker or the inverter.
● The rated residual current should be at least 100 mA per inverter.
WARNING
Protecting several inverters by means of an RCCB is dangerous to life
Each inverter must be separately protected by an RCCB. To protect a group of inverters
by a single RCCB with a higher residual current rating could have potentially fatal
consequences and is therefore prohibited.
6.5
Selection of the DC connecting cable
The PV generator is connected via the MC4 connectors and sockets built into the housing.
● To connect the PV cables, we recommend that only the original components from MultiContact are used (see Chapter Spare parts and accessories (Page 111)).
Please note the manufacturer's installation instructions!
● MC4 circular connectors and sockets usually allow a cable cross-section of 4 - 10 mm².
● Short-circuit-proof PV supply lines are recommended.
NOTICE
Degree of protection IP65 only when using MC4 connectors
Degree of protection IP65 is only retained if MC4 connectors and MC4 sockets are used
and correctly connected.
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
53
Connecting
6.6 DC connection of the PV strings
6.6
DC connection of the PV strings
Connecting principle based on an example configuration
The following figure shows an example configuration of a PV system with the PVM inverter
(5).
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Example configuration of a PV system - DC side
Requirements
● The device is grounded.
● The device is connected to the AC supply and connected safely to PE.
● The PV strings are disconnected (3) or the no-load voltage is under 50 V.
● The DC disconnector on the inverter is switched to the "OFF" position.
Note
The MC4 unlocking tool for removing the PV cable must be provided
The use of unsuitable tools can cause considerable damage to the PV cables and the
inverter and thus will immediately invalidate the warranty. Therefore the MC4 unlocking
tool must be used for removing the PV cables.
Connecting
WARNING
Active PV strings can carry hazardous voltages!
• The PV strings must only be connected when power is disconnected, ideally in the dark
when the PV strings are not active.
• The open-circuit voltage must therefore be checked before connecting the PV strings.
This voltage must not exceed 50 V.
• The device itself is not damaged if DC voltage is applied when the PV strings are
connected.
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Connecting
6.6 DC connection of the PV strings
Connection procedure
1
Check the PV strings to be connected for a possible ground fault.
•
2
Connect the MC4 connectors and sockets in
accordance with the connector manufacturer's
installation instructions.
•
•
•
3
Rectify any existing ground fault before connecting the PV strings to the inverter.
•
•
FOLFN
We recommend the use of the hand crimping
tool from MultiContact for applying the crimp
contacts.
You can find the ordering data of the MC4
connectors, sockets, and tools in Chapter
Spare parts and accessories (Page 111) .
Connect the PV strings to the provided device
sockets.
•
Ensure correct polarity when connecting the
PV strings.
+pole on MC4 socket; -pole on MC4 connector
If individual strings are connected incorrectly,
module lines can be damaged.
The SINVERT PVM inverter is protected by am
integrated reverse polarity protection diode.
Use DC connecting plugs and sockets that are
suitable for the cable diameter.
If inadequate connectors are used, the
enclosure's IP65 degree of protection cannot
be guaranteed!
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Example: PVM with 6 PV inputs
Several inputs are connected in parallel.
The maximum permissible current of 25A for
the contacts of the DC disconnector must be
maintained.
Important! Failure to do so can result in
destruction of the DC disconnector.
4
When inserting the MC4 connectors and sockets
of the PV strings, it is essential that they latch so
that they are protected against unintentional
removal.
5
Close unused connections with blanking plugs. Otherwise, the device's degree of protection (IP65) is not provided.
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
55
Connecting
6.7 Insolation sensor
6.7
Insolation sensor
An insolation sensor is available as an optional accessory.
To connect the insolation sensor, you require an associated connector.
You can find the ordering data for the insolation sensor and the connector in Chapter Spare
parts and accessories (Page 111).
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Connection of the insolation sensor
Table 6- 1
Terminal assignment
Color
Signal
Connector
Red
line voltage (12 to 24 V DC)
Pin 1
Black
GND
Pin 2
Orange
Measuring signal insolation (0 to 10 V)
Pin 3
Brown
Measuring signal temperature
(0 to 10 V)
Pin 4
Shield
Shield
Pin 2 and pin 5
Note
Damage to the device or malfunction possible if shield not connected
The shield of the sensor cable must be applied to PIN 2 and PIN 5, otherwise malfunctions
or damage to the device may occur.
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Connecting
6.8 Interface connection
6.8
Interface connection
RS485
To connect the RS485 interface, you require an associated connector.
You can find the ordering data for the RS485 connector in Chapter Spare parts and
accessories (Page 111).
Table 6- 2
Terminal assignment
RS485 out
RS485 in
Pin 1
Bus terminator +
Pin 1
Reference +
Pin 2
RS485+ out
Pin 2
RS485+ in
Pin 3
RS485- out
Pin 3
RS485- in
Pin 4
Bus terminator - / Ref.
Pin 4
Reference - / Ref.
The RS485 interface supports the USS (Universal Serial Interface) protocol that can be used
for data transfer, for example, to a datalogger of a remote monitor.
Figure 6-4
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Connection of the standard interface
When operating this interface, you must ensure that every bus node receives a unique
address, and that the correct data transfer rate is set with the relevant USS protocol.
Connecting cable
Use LiYCY 2x2x0.5 (max. 1000 m) as the connecting cable
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
57
Connecting
6.8 Interface connection
Bus terminator
The bus must be terminated with 120 ohms at the RS485 out connection of the last bus
node. You can use either the internal 120-ohm resistor or an external 120-ohm resistor for
this purpose.
● Bus terminator with internal 120-ohm resistor:
Short-circuit the following pins with two wire bridges:
– RS485 out Pin 1 with RS485 out Pin 2
– RS485 out Pin 3 with RS485 out Pin 4
● Bus terminator with external 120-ohm resistor:
An external 120-ohm resistor is not included in the scope of supply.
Connect a 120-ohm resistor between RS485 out Pin 2 and RS485 out Pin 3.
Overvoltage protection
At each connection point, we recommend the use of overvoltage protection or lightning
protection
(e.g. 5SD7 5... from Siemens).
Ethernet
The Ethernet interface can be used to connect the inverter to a router, for example.
● One connector for degree of protection IP67 can be ordered as an accessory.
● Use a CAT5/6 patch cable with SFTP (shielded foiled twisted-pair) construction.
Overvoltage protection
Depending on the installation method, use of a suitable overvoltage protection device is
recommended.
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Commissioning
7.1
7
Prerequisites
The following activities must be completed before commissioning the SINVERT PVM
inverter:
● Correct grounding (see Chapter Grounding (Page 48))
● Correctly installed power connection
● Correct installation of PV lines
● All connections are securely locked in place.
Important safety information for removing the PV cable
WARNING
Risk of electric shock when removing the PV cable
Remove the PV generator connectors only when the following conditions have been met:
• Switch the DC disconnector on the SINVERT PVM to the "OFF" position.
• Disconnect the power supply and take measures to prevent the power being switched
back on again.
7.2
Switching on the device and switch-on procedure
The overview below shows the switch-on and power-up procedure of the PVM and the
accompanying status indicators.
Assuming that the PV array is receiving sufficient sunlight and there is no error present, the
process described below should occur, which you can follow on the display.
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
59
Commissioning
7.2 Switching on the device and switch-on procedure
Switching on the device and switch-on procedure
Status indicators on the PVM
READY
ON
ALARM
GROUND FLT
Display
information
1. Connect line voltage to the device
(use external line fuse, or actuate miniature circuit
breaker)
2. DC disconnector on the PVM inverter is at the "ON"
position
3. Start of the inverter from a DC voltage of approximately
200 V
•
Status indicators, display and control keys are active.
•
Self-test (approx. 10 s)
•
Display information: "Power on disabled"
PAC
UAC
UDC
E Day
Power on
disabled
4. Selection of the country code - One-off (see below)
Recommendation: Check the date and time of day on
the inverter and ControlBox, and correct if applicable
(synchronization of the system time)
5. Initialization
•
Check the conditions for grid connection (approx. 1
min)
•
Display information: "Power on disabled"
PAC
UAC
UDC
E Day
Power on
disabled
DC tests
6. Activation of the inverter from a DC voltage of
approximately 350 V
The following DC tests are run (approx. 3 mins)
PAC
UAC
UDC
E Day
Activation
1. DC-link test
2. Symmetry monitoring
3. Insulation test
Following a successful test, the name of the respective
executed test appears on the display.
If errors occur in one of the tests, the name of the
executed test does not appear on the display (instigate
troubleshooting)
7. Start of infeed to the AC grid
•
The infeed power and line voltage are displayed
•
Display information: "Run"
= off
= flashing
PAC
UAC
UDC
E Day
Operation
= is lit
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Commissioning
7.3 Selecting the country setting and menu language
NOTICE
Check the date and time of day following initial commissioning
Following initial commissioning, the date and the time of day must be checked and
corrected if necessary to obtain a correct time stamp of the operating data logged by the
data logger.
7.3
Selecting the country setting and menu language
The country setting determines the country-specific line monitoring parameters. In selecting
the country setting, the menu language is set automatically. The menu language is then
independent of the country setting and can be freely selected at any time using the menu.
No country setting is selected when the device is delivered.
NOTICE
The selected country setting can be changed by service personnel only!
After selecting and accepting the country setting, you can no longer change the country
setting yourself. According to the regulations, the country setting can be changed by
service personnel only.
If the unit has been in operation, the country setting is already selected. In this event, you
will not be asked to enter the country setting. The country setting can be changed by
service personnel only.
From firmware version FW27, the country setting can be modified within the first 40
operating hours via the menu command "Configuration->Country".
NOTICE
Withdrawal of operating permit
If you operate SINVERT PVM with an incorrect country setting, the electrical utility can
withdraw your operating permit.
We assume no responsibility for the consequences of an incorrect country setting.
Commissioning is prohibited until the total system conforms to the national regulations and
safety rules of the application.
Note
Resetting of an incorrect country setting is subject to a charge
Only Siemens can reset an incorrect and no longer modifiable country setting. Please note
that this requires return of the device or local deployment of service personnel and this
involves a cost.
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
61
Commissioning
7.3 Selecting the country setting and menu language
Selecting the country setting
Immediately after switching on the DC power, the following window appears on the display
and prompts you to select the country setting. You can choose among the countries listed.
The term "country setting" itself does not appear in the menu.
The display is illuminated when a key is first pressed.
Belgie
Česko
Deutschland ENS
Deutschland NSR
Deutschland MSR
España
France
1. Choose the country-specific country setting for your location using the " " and " " keys.
– By selecting the country setting, you also select the menu language.
– The menu language can be changed at any time in the menu.
2. Confirm selection with the "ENTER" key
Note
Special features in the case of countries with several settings
There are three country settings for Germany:
• "Deutschland ENS" for feeding into the low-voltage network in the case of existing
plants
• "Deutschland NSR" for feeding into the low-voltage network in accordance with VDEAR-N 4105
• "Deutschland MSR" for feeding into the medium-voltage network via a mediumvoltage transformer
When replacing devices previously set to the country code "Deutschland ENS", this
country code must continue to be used.
For other countries with multiple settings, please contact the grid operator.
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Commissioning
7.3 Selecting the country setting and menu language
Accepting the country setting
For safety, a prompt appears asking whether you want to accept the choice of country
setting. After accepting the country setting, you can no longer change the country setting
yourself.
Accept ?
Yes
= Enter
= Esc
No
1. Only confirm the country setting if you are certain.
– If you are not certain, abort the process by pressing "ESC". In this case, you cannot
operate the unit, and you cannot continue to use the menu.
– If you are certain you wish to accept the country setting, confirm it with "ENTER".
Changing the menu language
The choice of language has no effect on the country setting. To change the menu language,
proceed as follows:
1. Press the "F1" key to call the menu.
2. Choose the menu command "Configuration" with the "↓" and "↑" keys.
Analysis
Actual values
Fault memory
Configuration
Inverter information
F1-Menu
3. Confirm selection with the "ENTER" key.
4. Choose the menu command "Languages" with the " " and " " keys.
Configuration
Languages
Limitation PAC
Communication
Date/Time
Portal settings
Password
Extended
F1-Menu
5. Confirm selection with the "ENTER" key.
6. Choose the desired menu language with the "↓" and "↑" keys.
7. Confirm selection with the "ENTER" key.
The menu switches to the desired language.
The display is initially empty.
8. Press the "ESC" button to return to the menu.
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63
Commissioning
7.4 Checking the time of day
7.4
Checking the time of day
If the electronic circuitry has been without line voltage for an extended period (approximately
2 to 3 weeks), the correct time of day may no longer be set.
Check the time of day and set the time as follows if required:
1. Call up the menu with "F1"
2. Select the menu command "Set clock" with the " " key
3. Use the " " and " " keys to select Day, Month, Year, Hour, Minute and Second in
sequence, and set the value with " " and " "
4. Confirm your input with "ENTER"
7.5
Activating WebMonitor
You need the activation code supplied with the device and printed on the rating plate to be
able to monitor the inverter via the "SINVERT WebMonitor" web portal.
● The activation code is used to assign the SINVERT PVM inverter to the SINVERT
WebMonitor web portal.
● The activation code is not required for commissioning the inverter.
● We recommend that you set up the WebMonitor as soon as possible after starting
operation to avoid a later transfer of larger volumes of operating data.
● For further information about the inverter's communication settings and communication
with the web portal, please refer to the available operating instructions in Chapter
"Communication (Page 65) " and the operating instructions for the WebMonitor (see
Technical support (Page 117)).
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Commissioning
7.6 Communication
7.6
Communication
The "Communication" menu is used for configuring the Ethernet and RS485 interfaces.
Configuration
Communication
USB
Ethernet
RS485
F1-Menu
Figure 7-1
Communication menu
You will find an introduction to using the SINVERT PVM menu in Chapter Operator input
(Page 71).
Note
Parameter settings are only applied after the inverter has been switched off and then back
on again.
7.6.1
Enter user password
The user password is frequently required for configuring and for changing parameters.
It is "72555".
1. For this reason, select the menu command "Configuration / Password" before selecting
the parameter to be changed.
2. Enter the user password "72555" as follows:
– The digits must be entered from right to left.
– That is, the cursor must be positioned manually to the left after entering each digit.
Figure 7-2
Enter password
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
65
Commissioning
7.6 Communication
7.6.2
Connecting a SINVERT PVM to the WebMonitor portal via Ethernet
7.6.2.1
Setting the IP address and standard gateway
What do I need to know in general?
Note
Parameter settings are only applied after the inverter has been switched off and then back
on again.
Entering the IP address of the inverter
1. Enter the required IP address of the inverter under
"Configuration/Communication/Ethernet/IP address".
– Factory setting to FW29-08 is "192.168.0.123"
– Factory setting from FW29-18 is "192.168.130.20"
Example: IP address 192.168.0.123
Figure 7-3
Display: Enter IP address
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Commissioning
7.6 Communication
Setting the subnet mask
You do not usually have to change the subnet mask.
● The factory setting is 255.255.255.0.
● You can change the setting under "Configuration/Communication/Ethernet/IP subnet
mask".
Example: Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Figure 7-4
Ethernet: Enter subnet mask
Setting the standard gateway
1. Enter the IP address of the router in your LAN under
"Configuration/Communication/Ethernet/Standard gateway".
– The factory setting is "192.168.0.1".
Standard gateway
19 2 .168.
0.
1
F1-Menu
Figure 7-5
Standard gateway
Activating "Data transfer to portal" on the inverter
In the menu command "Portal settings -> Activation", you can set whether data is to be sent
to the SINVERT WebMonitor.
The portal activation is deactivated on delivery (value = 0).
1. Set the value "1" under "Configuration -> Portal settings -> Activation".
Activation
1
F1-Menu
Figure 7-6
Portal activation
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
67
Commissioning
7.6 Communication
IP address assignment when using more than one inverter
1. If you are using more than one SINVERT PVM inverter, repeat the above steps for each
of them.
– Each inverter in the system must be assigned a dedicated IP address which has not
previously been assigned.
Internet access to the SINVERT WebMonitor portal
The procedure for setting up Internet access to the portal and adding one or more inverters
is described in the operating instructions for the SINVERT WebMonitor.
You will find the portal itself at:
SINVERT WebMonitor (https://www.siemens.de/sinvert-webmonitor)
7.6.2.2
Assignment in the web portal (activation code for the SINVERT WebMonitor)
You need an activation code to assign the SINVERT PVM in the SINVERT WebMonitor web
portal. The SINVERT WebMonitor documentation contains more detailed information about
this.
The activation code valid for your inverter is indicated on the SINVERT PVM rating plate
(see the figure below). The rating plate is located on the right-hand side of the inverter. The
activation code is not required for commissioning the inverter.
[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[
①
Position of the activation code for the SINVERT WebMonitor
Figure 7-7
Rating plate with activation code
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Commissioning
7.6 Communication
7.6.3
Connecting a SINVERT PVM to the Internet portal via RS485
The RS485 interface is used for connecting a PVM ControlBox or an external datalogger.
We recommend that you use the Siemens SINVERT WebMonitor web portal. However, you
can also use other web portals such as SolarLog or MeteoControl for SINVERT PVM
inverters.
Note
If you are using a SINVERT PVM ControlBox you can only use the SINVERT WebMonitor
web portal.
Activating "Data transfer to portal" on the inverter
The following setting must be made or checked on the PVM for portal activation.
When using the PVM ControlBox:
When using a SINVERT PVM ControlBox, the parameter for portal activation must be set to
"0".
● Ensure that the value "0" is set in the menu "Configuration -> Portal settings ->
Activation". (The value is already factory-set to 0.)
When using an external web portal such as SolarLog or MeteoControl:
When using an external web portal such as SolarLog or MeteoControl, the parameter for
portal activation is irrelevant. The default of "0" can be retained.
Monitoring using ControlBox, SolarLog or MeteoControl
To use ControlBox, SolarLog or MeteoControl to monitor the SINVERT PVM inverter,
proceed as follows:
1. Press the "F1" key to call the menu.
2. Select the menu command "Configuration" with the "" and "" keys and press "ENTER".
3. Select the "Password" menu command and press "ENTER".
4. Enter the customer password 72555.
– Enter the numbers from right to left: 5 5 5 2 7 and confirm with "ENTER".
5. Select the "Communication" menu command and press "ENTER".
6. Select the "RS485" menu command and press "ENTER".
7. Select the "USS address" menu command and press "ENTER".
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
69
Commissioning
7.6 Communication
8. Enter the required address for the inverter (1 to 31) and confirm with "ENTER".
– We recommend setting consecutive addresses starting at 1, i.e. 1, 2, 3, etc.
– The highest possible address is 31.
– To apply the settings, switch the inverter off and then back on again.
9. Switch the SINVERT PVM off at the DC disconnector, wait about a minute, and then
switch it back on again.
Assignment of the PVM in the "WebMonitor" portal (via ControlBox)
You need an activation code to assign the SINVERT PVM in the SINVERT WebMonitor web
portal.
The activation code valid for your inverter is indicated on the SINVERT PVM rating plate
(see the figure below). The rating plate is located on the right-hand side of the inverter. The
activation code is not required for commissioning the inverter.
[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[
①
Position of the activation code for the SINVERT WebMonitor
Figure 7-8
Rating plate with activation code
The SINVERT WebMonitor documentation contains more detailed information about the
portal.
Assignment of the PVM in external web portals
You can find information for the assignment of the SINVERT PVM inverter in the
documentation of the relevant external web portals.
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
8
Operator input
8.1
Control elements and status display
Operator controls
SINVERT
READY
ON
ALARM
GROUND FLT
Analysis
Actual values
Fault memory
Configuration
Device information
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F1-Menu
F1
F2
,QSXWILHOGV
ESC
ENTER
Meaning of the operator controls
F1
Calling up the device menu
F2
Select entry of normalized energy data
Selection
Function in the menu: Jump to first or last menu command
Function in the case of parameter change: Position left, position right (skip screen)
ESC
Fault acknowledgement, entry deletion
ENTER
Confirmation of menu selection and input
Figure 8-1
Operator panel
You will find further information on the operator panel in the section Operator panel
(Page 22)
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71
Operator input
8.1 Control elements and status display
Status display
The start screen is the status display. From here, you can call up the device menu and
change to displaying the infeed power.
$
$%
& %'
()
Figure 8-2
!
"
"
!#
Display: Operation
PAC: Instantaneous infeed power in watts (W)
UAC: Line voltage in volts (V)
UDC: PV array voltage in volts (V)
E Day: Daily energy in kWh
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Operator input
8.2 Overview of menu navigation
8.2
Overview of menu navigation
The following overview shows how you can go from the status display direct to the display of
the energy data and infeed power level with the keys " " and " ".
The "F1" key takes you to the device menu. In the device menu, choose menu commands
with the " " and " " keys, open submenus with "ENTER", and confirm entries with
"ENTER". The "ESC" key cancels entries and takes you back to the next higher menu level.
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SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
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Operator input
8.3 Display of the infeed power and the energy data
8.3
Display of the infeed power and the energy data
Graphical display of the infeed power
Day infeed power level
To display the trend of the day infeed power level, press " " once.
! *!#
Figure 8-4
#
Example display
Infeed power level of previous days
To display the trend of the infeed power level for previous days, press " ".
Return to the status display
To return to the status display, press "ESC".
Displaying the energy data
To show the current energy data, as well as the operating hours accumulated to-date, press
" " once.
Displaying the normalized energy data
To display the trend of the normalized energy data, press " " once and " " once.
You can enter the actual connected generator power ("Power normalized") under the menu
command "Numerical list" at Parameter P1155.
Return to the status display
To return to the status display, press "ESC".
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Operator input
8.4 Device menu
8.4
Device menu
8.4.1
Overview
To display the device menu, press "F1".
The following menu commands are available:
+')
,+ -+
+ '
.)/)
- ).
)
Figure 8-5
8.4.2
Device menu
Analysis
Analysis
Energy absolute
Energy relative
F1-Menu
Figure 8-6
Analysis
You can choose whether the absolute energy or the relative energy is to be shown in the
status display.
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Operator input
8.4 Device menu
8.4.3
Actual values
,+ -+
%
0
Figure 8-7
Actual values
Current measured values of the device. The status display also shows some of these values.
8.4.4
Parameter
Description
D1100
DC link voltage
D1104
Voltage of the PV array
D1105
Output current of the PV array
D1106
Fed-in line power (Watts)
D1107
PV array power (Watts)
Fault memory
+ '
0' * *11*
2,' 33
2,' 33
Figure 8-8
Fault memory
Indication of whether there is a fault in the controller or the power stack. The error message
appears on the display. You can find more detailed information about current error
messages and about the error message memory in Chapter Faults (Page 94).
● The fault memory is a circular buffer and can store up to 99 messages.
● The latest messages are shown on the display.
● Navigation to older error messages is via the arrow keys.
● With the left/right arrow keys, you can switch between date/time-of-day of the error
message and the digital fault code of the error message.
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Operator input
8.4 Device menu
8.4.5
Configuration
Configuration
Languages
Limitation PAC
Communication
Date/Time
Portal settings
Password
Extended
F1-Menu
Figure 8-9
Configuration
Note
Parameter settings are only applied after the inverter has been switched off and then back
on again.
Languages
The "Languages" menu is used for selecting the menu language. The choice of language
has no effect on the country setting. For more details, see Section Selecting the country
setting and menu language (Page 61).
Communication
The "Communication" menu is used for configuring the Ethernet and RS485 interfaces. For
more details, see Chapter Communication (Page 65).
Date/time
The menu is used for setting the date and time. See Section Checking the time of day
(Page 64).
Portal settings
You can use this menu command to set whether data is to be sent to an external portal, e.g.
the SINVERT WebMonitor. The portal settings are deactivated on delivery. For more details,
see Section Setting the IP address and standard gateway (Page 66).
Advanced
This menu contains menu commands for service purposes and is not significant for normal
operation. For more details, see Section Specific parameter assignment via numerical list
(Page 79).
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Operator input
8.4 Device menu
Password
A password is required to change parameters. For more details, see Section Enter user
password (Page 65).
8.4.6
Inverter information
Contains information about the device, e.g. the firmware version.
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Parameter assignment
9.1
9
Specific parameter assignment via numerical list
Specific parameter assignment of the SINVERT PVM is carried out via the menu
"Configuration -> Extended -> Numerical list".
Configuration
Extended
XModem update
Numerical list
F1-Menu
This function is intended only for technical personnel and specialists.
Numerical list
The "Numerical list" contains all the parameters of the Sinvert PVM.
Individual parameters can be displayed and modified (parameterized) via this list.
Display of the parameters
In various menu commands, the display shows parameters starting with a "P" or "D".
● You can monitor and set values that start with a "P".
"P" stands for "programmable": Programmable
● You can only monitor values that start with a "D".
"D" stands for "display": Can only be displayed
Procedure
1. Select the relevant parameter number with the help of the cursor control keys, and
confirm with "Enter".
The current value of the parameter is displayed.
2. To change parameters, confirm again with "Enter".
3. Then enter the desired value in the input window with the help of the cursor control keys.
– Authorization using the valid password is a precondition for input
(see the tables below).
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
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Parameter assignment
9.1 Specific parameter assignment via numerical list
Visualizable parameters
The parameters listed below are relevant operating values that can only be displayed. They
cannot be adapted.
(Some of these values are also displayed direct in the device menu.)
Param. No.
Parameter name
Unit
0092:00
Heatsink temperature right
°C
0092:01
Internal device temperature top left
°C
0092:02
Internal device temperature bottom right
°C
0092:03
Heatsink temperature left
°C
0501
Current status
--
1104
•
0 = Initializing
•
1 = Switched off
•
2 = Activating
•
3 = Ready
•
4 = Operation
•
5 = Stoppage
•
6 = Transient fault
•
7 = Failure
DC voltage
Volts
1105
DC current strength
Amperes
1106
AC power
Watts
1107
DC power
Watts
1121:00
AC voltage peak L 1
Volts
1121:01
AC voltage peak L 2
Volts
1121:02
AC voltage peak L 3
Volts
1122:00
AC frequency L1
Hertz
1122:01
AC frequency L2
Hertz
1122:02
AC frequency L3
Hertz
1123:00
AC effective voltage average value
Volts
1124
AC current strength: Total L1 + L2 + L3
Amperes
1141:00
AC current strength L 1
Amperes
1141:01
AC current strength L 2
Amperes
1141:02
AC current strength L 3
Amperes
1150
Daily energy
kWh
1151
Total energy
kWh
1152
Operating hours
Hour
1153
Monthly energy
kWh
1154
Annual energy
kWh
1155
Rated output of the PV array
kWp
1162
Power limitation
Tenth %
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Parameter assignment
9.1 Specific parameter assignment via numerical list
Param. No.
Parameter name
Unit
1191 1)
Insolation sensor
Watt / m²
1193
Temperature sensor
°C
1)
1)
Temperature sensor or temperature measurement of the insolation sensor, if available
Note
Note measuring tolerance of ± 2%
The measuring tolerance of the displayed values is approx. ± 2%.
Modifiable parameters
The parameters listed below can be displayed and changed.
The list of these parameters differs depending on the firmware version.
Parameters for FW25/26
Par.No.
51
3)
1164 2)
Parameter name
Default
Unit
Device-specific offset that is added to the angular offset.
0.07
Degree
Selection menu for entering the angular offset.
0
--
•
0: Offset values (device-specific and plant-specific) are
added together and set as the value for the angular offset.
(P51 and P1165).
•
1: Value of angular offset fixed P1166 is accepted.
•
2: Value of angular offset variable P1167 is accepted.
•
3: Cos phi as a function of the power: P1168;
• 4: Cos phi as a function of P1169;
The offset values of P51 and P1165 are added to all variants of
angular offset specification from 1 to 4.
1165 2)
Plant-specific offset that is added to the angular offset.
0
Degree
1166
Static value of the angular offset; added to the offset values,
the resulting value is limited to ±30 degrees.
0
Degree
Variable value of the angular offset; added to the offset values,
the resulting value is limited to ±30 degrees.
0
Degree
2)
1167 2)
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Parameter assignment
9.1 Specific parameter assignment via numerical list
Par.No.
Parameter name
1168:xx 2)
Angular offset as a function of the instantaneous rated power.
The values of the X axis are permanently entered percentages
of the rated power of the device.
Default
1168:00
- 0% of the rated power of the device.
0
1168:01
- 10% of the rated power of the device.
0
1168:02
- 20% of the rated power of the device.
0
1168:03
- 30% of the rated power of the device.
0
1168:04
- 40% of the rated power of the device.
0
1168:05
- 50% of the rated power of the device.
0
1168:06
- 60% of the rated power of the device.
0
1168:07
- 70% of the rated power of the device.
0
1168:08
- 80% of the rated power of the device.
0
1168:09
- 90% of the rated power of the device.
0
1168:10
- 100% of the rated power of the device.
0
Unit
Degree
The 11 values of the angular offset, entered in 0.01 degrees,
form the interpolation points of the curve to be traversed.
The angular offset is limited to arcos(0.90) = ±2584, after the
addition of both offset values P51 and P1165.
Positive angular offset -> inductive phase shift
Negative angular offset -> capacitive phase shift.
1190:xx 1) 2)
Sensor input 1 configuration
1190:00
1190:01
1190:02
Offset
Scaling of numerator
Scaling of denominator
0
130
1000
mV
W/m²
mV
-2268
1
87
mV
°C
mV/° C
Example: Insolation sensor
[:00]: 0 for 0 mV offset
[:01]: 130 for 130 W/m² to 1000 mV
[:02]: 1000 for 1000 mV
1192:xx 1) 2)
Sensor input 2 configuration
1192:00
1192:01
1192:02
Offset
Scaling of numerator
Scaling of denominator
Example: Temperature sensor
[:00]: -2268 for -1840 mV offset
[:01]: 1 for 1 ° C
[:02]: 87 for 87 mV / ° C
1)
Temperature sensor or temperature measurement of the insolation sensor, if available
2)
The user password is required for this parameter
3)
The service password is required for this parameter
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Parameter assignment
9.1 Specific parameter assignment via numerical list
Parameters from FW27
Par.No.
Parameter description
Default 2)
51
Unit
Device-specific offset that is added to the angular offset.
0.07
Degree
0158 3)
Lower voltage limits for voltage monitoring.
261.01
Volts
0159 3)
Duration of monitoring of lower voltage limits
200
Milliseconds
0160
5)
Upper voltage limits of voltage monitoring
374
Volts
0161 3)
Duration of monitoring of upper voltage limits
200
Milliseconds
0162 3)
Lower limits of frequency monitoring
47.5
Hertz
0163
Duration of monitoring of lower frequency limits
200
Milliseconds
Upper limits of frequency monitoring
51.5
Hertz
3)
3)
0164 3)
0165
Duration of monitoring of upper frequency limits
200
Milliseconds
0166 3)
Lower voltage limits of voltage average monitoring
0
Volts
0167
Duration of monitoring of lower voltage limits of voltage
average monitoring
5999
Milliseconds
0168 3)
Upper voltage limits of voltage average monitoring
357.7
Volts
0169
Duration of monitoring of upper voltage limits of voltage
average monitoring
600000
Milliseconds
0170 3)
Lower voltage limits of external conductor monitoring
450.62
Volts
0171
Duration of monitoring of lower voltage limits of the external
conductor monitoring
200
Milliseconds
0172 3)
Upper voltage limits of external conductor monitoring
647.77
Volts
0173
Duration of monitoring of lower voltage limits of the external
conductor monitoring
200
Milliseconds
0174 3)
Rates of frequency change for ROCOF monitoring
0
Millihertz/
second
0175 3)
Monitoring times for ROCOF monitoring
0
Milliseconds
0176 3)
Setting for drift in stand-alone operation.
Values from -30 degrees to +30 degrees can be entered.
0
Degree
0177 3)
Above this frequency, the active power is reduced if
frequency-dependent power reduction is activated.
50.2
Hertz
0178 3)
Recovery frequency; if this frequency is undershot, the
power is increased again if frequency-dependent power
reduction was previously active.
0
Hertz
0.4
-
3)
3)
3)
3)
3)
If this value is equal to zero, the power is increased or
reduced in accordance with the LV Directive dependent on
the frequency.
0179 3)
Active power gradient for reducing the active power in the
case of frequency-dependent power reduction
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
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Parameter assignment
9.1 Specific parameter assignment via numerical list
Par.No.
Parameter description
Default 2)
Unit
0180
Period after commissioning during which the country code
can still be changed
(in operating hours)
40
Hours
0181 3)
This factor describes the proportion of reactive current
during an LVRT (low-voltage ride through)
in accordance with the formula: Delta U / URated * k factor =
Delta IReactive/ IRated
2
-
0182 3)
Defines the duration of the power ramp traversed following a 600 000
power failure.
Milliseconds
0183:xx
Defines the power-on limits for the line voltage.
Only if the line voltage is within the defined limits can the
device go to infeed mode.
Volts
0183:00 3)
0183:01
Lower voltage limit
Upper voltage limit
0184:xx
Defines the power-on limits for the frequency.
Only if the line frequency is within the defined limits can the
device go to infeed mode.
0183:00 3)
0184:01
Lower frequency limit
Upper frequency limit
47.5
50.05
0185 3)
Gradient with which the power can be increased after power
reduction due to overfrequency has been active.
0.1
--
1020
Gradient limiting
60
Seconds
1140 5)
Ideal sine
200
Tenth %
1163
Continuous power reduction as a percentage of the rated
power specified by the customer.
The value of the limitation must not exceed 100%.
100
%
Selection menu for entering the angular offset.
0
--
4)
1164 4)
276.4
357.7
•
0: Offset values (device-specific and plant-specific) are
added together and set as the value for the angular
offset. (P51 and P1165).
•
1: Value of angular offset fixed P1166 is accepted.
•
2: Value of angular offset variable P1167 is accepted.
•
3: Cos phi as a function of the power: P1168;
Hertz
• 4: Cos phi as a function of P1169;
The offset values of P51 and P1165 are added to all variants
of angular offset specification from 1 to 4.
1165 4)
Plant-specific offset that is added to the angular offset.
0
Degree
1166 4)
Static value of the angular offset; added to the offset values,
the resulting value is limited to ±30 degrees.
0
Degree
1167 4)
Variable value of the angular offset; added to the offset
values, the resulting value is limited to ±30 degrees.
0
Degree
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Parameter assignment
9.1 Specific parameter assignment via numerical list
Par.No.
Parameter description
Default 2)
1168:xx 4)
Angular offset as a function of the instantaneous rated
power.
The values of the X axis are permanently entered
percentages of the rated power of the device.
1168:00
- 0% of the rated power of the device.
0
1168:01
- 10% of the rated power of the device.
0
1168:02
- 20% of the rated power of the device.
0
1168:03
- 30% of the rated power of the device.
0
1168:04
- 40% of the rated power of the device.
0
1168:05
- 50% of the rated power of the device.
0
1168:06
- 60% of the rated power of the device.
0
1168:07
- 70% of the rated power of the device.
0
1168:08
- 80% of the rated power of the device.
0
1168:09
- 90% of the rated power of the device.
0
1168:10
- 100% of the rated power of the device.
0
Unit
Degree
The 11 values of the angular offset, entered in 0.01 degrees,
form the interpolation points of the curve to be traversed.
The angular offset is limited to arcos(0.90) = ±2584, after the
addition of both offset values P51 and P1165.
Positive angular offset -> inductive phase shift
Negative angular offset -> capacitive phase shift.
1180 5)
The minimum power from which a transition is made from
partial load operation to full load operation.
The value is entered as a percentage of the rated power.
1190:xx 1) 4)
Sensor input 1 configuration
1190:00
1190:01
1190:02
Offset
Scaling of numerator
Scaling of denominator
11
0
130
1000
mV
W/m²
mV
-2268
1
87
mV
°C
mV/° C
Example: Insolation sensor
[:00]: 0 for 0 mV offset
[:01]: 130 for 130 W/m² to 1000 mV
[:02]: 1000 for 1000 mV
1192:xx 1) 4)
Sensor input 2 configuration
1192:00
1192:01
1192:02
Offset
Scaling of numerator
Scaling of denominator
Example: Temperature sensor
[:00]: -2268 for -1840 mV offset
[:01]: 1 for 1 ° C
[:02]: 87 for 87 mV / ° C
1)
Temperature sensor or temperature measurement of the insolation sensor, if available
2)
Default values using the example of Deutschland ENS
3)
For this parameter, the password for country settings is required in conjunction with SINVERT
PVM InverterConfig
4)
The user password is required for this parameter
5)
The service password is required for this parameter
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
85
Parameter assignment
9.2 Reactive power control
9.2
Reactive power control
The following methods are available for reactive power control:
● Reactive power specification via a cos φ static value
● Reactive power specification via a variable cos φ value
This control can only be implemented with the PVM ControlBox.
● Reactive power specification via a cos φ power characteristic curve
● SINVERT PVM ParkControl
Defining the reactive power specification
Reactive power specification is defined via parameters 1164 - 1169 (see Chapter Specific
parameter assignment via numerical list (Page 79)).
● cos φ static value -> Parameter 1164, 1166
● cos φ power characteristic curve -> Parameter 1164, 1168
● SINVERT PVM ParkControl -> Set parameter P1164 to "2"
You can find further information on reactive power specification via a variable cos φ value
● in the operating instructions of the SINVERT PVM ControlBox, in the chapter
Commissioning - Configuration with "PVM ControlBox Config" - menu "Configuration" Reactive power specification.
● SINVERT PVM ParkControl documentation
9.3
Fixed limitation of the active output power
Reduction in the active output power to a fixed value is possible using the menu F1 →
Configuration → Limitation PAC.
● The value corresponds to the percentage number of the maximum power.
Example: Enter the value 70 to reduce the actual power to 70% of the maximum possible
output power.
● The user password is sufficient for parameterization.
● After input, switch off the inverter via the DC disconnector, and switch it on again after
one minute.
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Service and maintenance
10.1
10
Maintenance
The SINVERT PVM inverters are maintenance-free.
The following cleaning work must nevertheless be carried out at regular intervals to
guarantee smooth operation of the device.
● Check regularly that the cooling ducts on the rear of the inverter are free from coarse dirt.
Figure 10-1
Checking cooling ducts
● Do not use abrasive cleaning agents to clean the operator panel. Use a dry cloth or
water.
● Operate the DC switch-disconnector ① at least once a year to prevent dirt accumulating
on the contacts.
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
87
Service and maintenance
10.2 Inverter replacement
10.2
Inverter replacement
Unpacking the replacement inverter
You have to return the old inverter in the packaging in which you receive the replacement
inverter. Therefore, when unpacking the replacement inverter, take note of how the package
is assembled.
See also Chapter Unpacking the device (Page 41).
Decommissioning the old inverter
Decommissioning steps
Set the DC switch on the underside of the inverter to "OFF".
Switch the AC mains connection to the voltage-free state and make sure there is no power
Remove the AC mains connector from the old inverter.
Disconnect the ground connection from the grounding bolt of the inverter
Remove all remaining connectors from the old inverter
•
The connectors must be reconnected in the same way on the replacement inverter.
Therefore, mark the connectors accordingly if necessary.
CAUTION
Risk of injury and damage to connectors caused by improper handling
If the connectors are not removed correctly they may sustain damage. The function of the
inverter would no longer be assured.
• Do not pull on the cables.
• For the connectors at the DC inputs, use an unlocking tool for MC4 connectors.
Without the unlocking tool, you can injure yourself when removing the connectors and
you can damage the connectors.
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Service and maintenance
10.2 Inverter replacement
Disassembling the old inverter
Disassembly steps
Sketches
Loosen the two screws ⑤ which attach the
inverter to the wall bracket from below
(see also Chapter Installation of SINVERT
PVM inverter (Page 44)).
•
Please note that the SINVERT PVM
inverter weighs approx. 40 kg.
First, lift the inverter ② slightly and then
swing the lower section forward.
Then move the inverter down a little to
release its cooling ducts from the tabs of the
wall-mounting bracket ①.
Set the inverter down in such a way that it cannot topple over or get scratched. Damage to the
inverter can incur additional costs
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
89
Service and maintenance
10.2 Inverter replacement
Installing the new inverter
Installation steps
1.
Set the DC switch on the underside of the replacement inverter to "OFF".
2.
Mount the replacement inverter on the wall bracket.
•
3.
Follow the safety instructions and the information on how to proceed described in Chapter
Installation of SINVERT PVM inverter (Page 44):
Connect the replacement inverter.
•
Make all of the connections as designated on the replacement inverter.
•
More information on connecting can be found in Chapter Connecting (Page 47)
Commissioning the new inverter
The settings on the replacement inverter must be aligned with your PV system.
Steps for commissioning
1.
Set the DC switch on the underside of the inverter to "ON".
2.
Make the correct country setting.
3.
Set the date and time of day.
4.
Check the settings on the inverter.
You will find information on commissioning in Chapter Commissioning (Page 59).
Activating the replacement inverter on the WebMonitor
Steps for activating the WebMonitor
1.
Change the inverter activation code in the WebMonitor.
•
See Chapter Assignment in the web portal (activation code for the SINVERT WebMonitor)
(Page 68).
● The data of the old inverter is replaced with the data of the replacement inverter.
● The historical statistical data of the old inverter is retained.
● If you do not update the activation code when you replace the inverter, data may be lost.
See also
Technical support (Page 117)
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Service and maintenance
10.3 Disposal
10.3
Disposal
Note
The SINVERT PVM inverter is RoHS-compliant. This means the device can be disposed of
at local sites for the disposal of household devices.
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Service and maintenance
10.3 Disposal
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11
Troubleshooting
11.1
Self-test - error messages
The system carries out a self-test following the initialization routine. The individual parts of
the microcomputer system, such as the firmware and the data set, are checked here and the
data read in by the power control board. Possible remedial measures can be derived from
the type of fault.
11.2
Transient fault
READY
ON
ALARM
GROUND FLT
4) .+
+ 51
2,' 33
+ ,
1
5
Figure 11-1
&,6
Transient fault
When certain faults occur, the inverter temporarily goes off-grid.
In contrast to faults, the "transient fault" is automatically acknowledged by the inverter and a
new power-up attempt is made when the cause has been removed.
After a transient fault, the red status LED ALARM on the operator panel flashes. The
associated error message is saved in the fault memory, safe from power outages. If there is
a fault, the status LED ALARM is lit continuously. See section Faults (Page 94).
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
93
Troubleshooting
11.3 Faults
11.3
Faults
Permanently programmed and parameterizable limit values are continuously monitored
during operation. To protect the power module of the SINVERT PVM inverter against
damage, it is switched off-circuit when a limit value is exceeded or when a fault occurs. The
appropriate error message is displayed.
In the event of a fault, the red status LED ALARM on the operator panel flashes.
Error messages are saved in the fault memory, safe from power outages. The fault memory
is called via the display. The last 120 faults are stored in the fault memory. The last fault is
stored in memory location S0, and the oldest is stored in S119. A new fault is always stored
in memory location S0. All older faults are shifted up one location in the memory. The fault
previously stored at S119 is lost.
11.4
Isolation faults
In the event of an isolation fault, the GROUND FLT status LED lights up.
The error message 0x0A010C (Gen.-Isolation LT) appears on the display.
WARNING
Risk of electric shock and fire
An isolation fault must be remedied as soon as possible. The fault must only be remedied
by electrical technicians.
The isolation resistance must be greater than 1.05 Mohms.
11.5
Acknowledging a fault
Following a shutdown on faults, restart of the device is locked until the fault has been
acknowledged. While the cause of the fault is still active, acknowledgment is not possible.
Only when the cause of the fault has been removed can the fault be acknowledged.
● To acknowledge the error message, press "ESC"
or
● switch the SINVERT PVM inverter off and on again at the DC switch.
SINVERT PVM
94
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Troubleshooting
11.6 Error messages
11.6
Error messages
The list below contains all possible error messages, their causes, and how to rectify them.
Note
Information on controller voltage errors
"Controller voltage" errors can also occur in the case of rapid insolation changes and at
sunrise and sunset.
If controller voltage errors occur frequently (more than 3 a day), contact the service
department.
Error code
Error message
Cause
Remedy
0x000000
Error management
Internal error
Restart
0x030002
(196610 dec.)
Parameter error 1
Internal error
Contact the service department
0x030005
(196613 dec.)
Parameter error 2
Internal error
Contact the service department
0x030006
(196614 dec.)
Parameter error 3
Internal error
Contact the service department
0x040001
(262145 dec.)
Internal
communication
Internal error
Single occurrence: Restart
0x040010
(262160 dec.)
System error 1
Internal error
0x050000
(327680 dec.)
System error 2
Internal error
0x060001
(393217 dec.)
Wrong time
RTC not initialized (possibly low voltage). Set time of day
Inverter supplies with the wrong time of
day since the real-time clock has not
been initialized
0x070000
(458752 dec.)
Update login
Internal error
Restart
0x070001
(458753 dec.)
Update is running
Internal error
Restart
0x080001
(524288 dec.)
Wrong time
Initialization of the real-time clock was
not correct so the datalogger does not
log in.
Set time of day
0x090001
(589825 dec.)
System restart
Initialization requires longer than 10
minutes
Single occurrence: Restart
0x0A0000
(655360 dec.)
FPGA firmware
Internal error
Contact the service department
Multiple occurrences:
Contact the service department
Contact the service department
Single occurrence: Restart
Multiple occurrences:
Contact the service department
Multiple occurrences:
Contact the service department
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
95
Troubleshooting
11.6 Error messages
Error code
Error message
Cause
Remedy
0x0A0001
(655361 dec.)
Controller voltage 1
Asymmetry DC link "POS": This can
happen at initial startup if the electrolytic
capacitors are not yet formed.
At initial startup, leave the inverter in
the fault state for 2-3 hrs.
Asymmetry DC link "NEG": This can
happen at initial startup if the electrolytic
capacitors are not yet formed.
At initial startup, leave the inverter in
the fault state for 2-3 hrs.
Asymmetry DC link "LOW": Possible at
initial startup if the electrolytic capacitors
are not yet formed.
Fault can also be triggered by controller
perturbances (e.g. rapidly changing
insolation). It is therefore only relevant if
it occurs several times.
Occasional occurrences: Wait until the
controller has stabilized again.
Asymmetry DC link "HIGH": Possible at
initial startup if the electrolytic capacitors
are not yet formed.
Fault can also be triggered by controller
perturbances (e.g. rapidly changing
insolation). It is therefore only relevant if
it occurs several times.
Occasional occurrences: Wait until the
controller has stabilized again.
Undershoot of the positive stepped-up
DC link voltage. Fault can also be
triggered by controller perturbances (e.g.
rapidly changing insolation). It is
therefore only relevant if it occurs several
times.
Occasional occurrences:
Wait until the controller has stabilized
again.
Undershoot of the negative stepped-up
DC link voltage. Fault can also be
triggered by controller perturbances (e.g.
rapidly changing insolation). It is
therefore only relevant if it occurs several
times.
Occasional occurrences:
Wait until the controller has stabilized
again.
Undershoot of the positive DC link
voltage.
Fault can also be triggered by controller
perturbances (e.g. rapidly changing
insolation). It is therefore only relevant if
it occurs several times.
Occasional occurrences:
Wait until the controller has stabilized
again.
Overshoot of the positive DC link
voltage.
Fault can also be triggered by controller
perturbances (e.g. rapidly changing
insolation). It is therefore only relevant if
it occurs several times.
Occasional occurrences:
Wait until the controller has stabilized
again.
0x0A0002
(655362 dec.)
0x0A0003
(655363 dec.)
0x0A0004
(655364 dec.)
0x0A0005
(655365 dec.)
0x0A0006
(655366 dec.)
0x0A0007
(655367 dec.)
0x0A0008
(655368 dec.)
Controller voltage 2
Controller voltage 3
Controller voltage 4
Controller voltage 5
Controller voltage 6
Controller voltage 7
Controller voltage 8
If it does not acknowledge
automatically: Contact the service
department
If it does not acknowledge
automatically, contact the service
department
Frequent occurrences:
Contact the service department
Frequent occurrences:
Contact the service department
Frequent occurrences:
Contact the service department
Frequent occurrences:
Contact the service department
Frequent occurrences:
Contact the service department
Frequent occurrences:
Contact the service department
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Troubleshooting
11.6 Error messages
Error code
Error message
Cause
Remedy
0x0A0009
(655369 dec.)
Controller voltage 9
Undershoot of the negative DC link
voltage.
Fault can also be triggered by controller
perturbances (e.g. rapidly changing
insolation). It is therefore only relevant if
it occurs several times.
Occasional occurrences:
Wait until the controller has stabilized
again.
Overshoot of the negative DC link
voltage.
Fault can also be triggered by controller
perturbances (e.g. rapidly changing
insolation). It is therefore only relevant if
it occurs several times.
Occasional occurrences:
Wait until the controller has stabilized
again.
Overshoot of the positive stepped-up DC
link voltage.
Fault can also be triggered by controller
perturbances (e.g. rapidly changing
insolation). It is therefore only relevant if
it occurs several times.
Occasional occurrences:
Wait until the controller has stabilized
again.
Overshoot of the negative stepped-up
DC link voltage.
Fault can also be triggered by controller
perturbances (e.g. rapidly changing
insolation). It is therefore only relevant if
it occurs several times.
Occasional occurrences:
Wait until the controller has stabilized
again.
0x0A000A
(655370 dec.)
0x0A000B
(655371 dec.)
0x0A000C
(655372 dec.)
Controller voltage 10
Controller voltage 11
Controller voltage 12
Frequent occurrences:
Contact the service department
Frequent occurrences:
Contact the service department
Frequent occurrences:
Contact the service department
Frequent occurrences:
Contact the service department
0x0A000D
(655373 dec.)
Overvoltage
Detection of line overvoltage (system
phase overvoltage),
possibly caused by switching operations
on the grid
Re-measure line voltage;
contact the service department if the
line voltage is in the normal range:
0x0A000E
(655374 dec.)
Line undervoltage
Detection of line undervoltage (voltage
ride through),
possibly caused by switching operations
on the grid
Re-measure line voltage;
contact the service department if the
line voltage is in the normal range:
0x0A000F
(655375 dec.)
Overvoltage phase
Detection of line overvoltage on the
external conductor;
possibly caused by switching operations
on the grid
Re-measure line voltage;
contact the service department if the
line voltage is in the normal range:
0x0A0010
(655376 dec.)
Undervoltage phase
Detection of line undervoltage on the
external conductor;
possibly caused by switching operations
on the grid
Re-measure line voltage;
contact the service department if the
line voltage is in the normal range:
0x0A0011
(655377 dec.)
Frequency FLL
Detection of a line fault (FLL)
Check the frequency and line voltage;
contact the service department if the
frequency is in the normal range:
0x0A0012
(655378 dec.)
Line frequency
Detection of a frequency fault (ENS)
Check the frequency;
contact the service department if the
frequency and the line voltage are in
the normal range.
Check AC fuse
Check AC fuse
Check AC fuse
0x0A0013
(655379 dec.)
PV isolation AFISR
Isolation fault of the control section
Check the isolation of the plant.
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
97
Troubleshooting
11.6 Error messages
Error code
Error message
Cause
Remedy
0x0A0014
(655380 dec.)
No national code
Country code not set.
Set country code
Contact the service department if
required
0x0A0016
(655382 dec.)
Inferior frequency
Detection of undershoot of the line
frequency
Check the frequency and line voltage;
contact the service department if the
frequency is in the normal range
0x0A0017
(655383 dec.)
Country not admitted
Country to be set is unknown.
Contact the service department
0x0A0018
(655384 dec.)
Voltage error max
The line voltage was too long above the
limit value of Parameter 168 (Umax) of
the voltage average monitoring
Check limit values
0x0A0019
(655385 dec.)
Voltage error min
The line voltage was too long below the
limit value of Parameter 166 (Umin) of
the voltage average monitoring
Check limit values
0x0A0100
(655616 dec.)
Power sec error mess
Group fault signal
Further faults are present.
See fault memory.
0x0A0101
(655617 dec.)
System fault LT 1
Internal error
Contact the service department
0x0A0102
(655618 dec.)
Overtemperature LT 1 Temperature error
0x0A0103
(655619 dec.)
Overtemperature LT 2 Temperature error
0x0A0104
(655620 dec.)
Overtemperature LT 3 Temperature error
0x0A0105
(655621 dec.)
Overtemperature LT 4 Temperature error
0x0A0106
(655622 dec.)
Supply voltage LT
Check ambient temperature.
Allow the inverter to cool down,
acknowledge fault.
Multiple occurrences:
Contact the service department
Internal error
Occasional occurrences:
Wait until the controller has stabilized
again.
Also caused by strong changes in
insolation
Frequent occurrences:
Contact the service department
0x0A0108
(655624 dec.)
Frequency LT
Line frequency fault;
Check the line frequency and line
voltage;
contact the service department if the
frequency is in the normal range:
0x0A0109
(655625 dec.)
Overvoltage LT
Line overvoltage detection of the power
unit
Re-measure line voltage;
contact the service department if the
line voltage is in the normal range:
0x0A010A
(655626 dec.)
Undervoltage LT
Line undervoltage detection of the power
unit
Re-measure line voltage;
contact the service department if the
line voltage is in the normal range:
0x0A010C
(655628 dec.)
PV isolation LT
Inverter detects an isolation fault,
ground fault in the plant
Check the isolation of the plant,
Eliminate the ground fault,
can also occur due to moisture alone
(connectors not sealed tight) or the
system will only run after it has dried
out.
0x0A010D
(655629 dec.)
Grid iso LT PEF
Residual current detection
Contact the service department
Possibly incorrect country code
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Troubleshooting
11.6 Error messages
Error code
Error message
Cause
Remedy
0x0A010E
(655630 dec.)
Device fault LT
Overload tripping without power unit
Occasional occurrences:
Wait until the controller has stabilized
again.
See also 0x0A0106
Frequent occurrences:
Contact the service department
0x0A0110
(655632 dec.)
PV voltage LT 1
Overvoltage tripping of the power unit in
the positive DC link
Check the solar cell voltage.
Multiple occurrences:
Contact the service department
0x0A0111
(655633 dec.)
PV voltage LT 2
Overvoltage tripping of the power unit in
the negative DC link.
PV voltage too high,
too many PV modules switched in series
Check the solar cell voltage.
Multiple occurrences:
Contact the service department.
Check and if necessary correct system
dimensioning
0x0A0113
(655635 dec.)
Country setting LT
Internal error
Contact the service department
0x0A0114
(655636 dec.)
PV isolation AFILT
Isolation fault detection of the power unit
Check the isolation of the plant
0x0A0115
(655637 dec.)
AFI warning
Isolation fault detection of the power unit
Check the isolation of the plant
0x0A0117
(655639 dec.)
Iso meter defective
Internal error
Contact the service department
0x0A0118
(655640 dec.)
Voltage offset LT
Internal error
Contact the service department
0x0A0119
(655641 dec.)
Current sensor LT
Detection of failure of the current
sensors of the power unit
This can be caused by extreme
controller perturbances
Single occurrence:
Acknowledge fault.
DC fault
Single occurrence:
Acknowledge fault.
0x0A011A
(655642 dec.)
Activation LT 1
Multiple occurrences:
Contact the service department
Multiple occurrences:
Contact the service department
0x0A011B
(655643 dec.)
Activation LT 2
Undershoot of the minimum DC voltage
Single occurrence:
Acknowledge fault.
Multiple occurrences:
Contact the service department
0x0A011C
(655644 dec.)
Activation LT 3
Symmetry fault
Single occurrence:
Acknowledge fault.
Multiple occurrences:
Contact the service department
0x0A011D
(655645 dec.)
Activation LT 4
Symmetry fault
Single occurrence:
Acknowledge fault.
Multiple occurrences:
Contact the service department
0x0A011E
(655646 dec.)
Activation LT 5
DC link fault
Single occurrence:
Acknowledge fault.
Multiple occurrences:
Contact the service department
0x0A011F
(655647 dec.)
Parameter fault
LT 5
Internal error
Contact the service department
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
99
Troubleshooting
11.6 Error messages
Error code
Error message
Cause
Remedy
0x0A0120
(655648 dec.)
Communication LT
Internal communication fault
Single occurrence:
Acknowledge fault.
Multiple occurrences:
Contact the service department
0x0A0121
(655649 dec.)
DC-offset
DC fault
Single occurrence:
Acknowledge fault.
Multiple occurrences:
Contact the service department
0x0A200D
(663565 dec.)
Over temperature 6
Excess temperature shutdown
Check ambient temperature,
check cooling.
Allow the inverter to cool down,
acknowledge fault.
Multiple occurrences:
Contact the service department
0x0B0001
(720897 dec.)
System 1
Internal error
Contact the service department
0x0B0002
(720898 dec.)
System 2
Internal error
Contact the service department
0x0B0003
(720899 dec.)
System 3
Internal error
Contact the service department
0x0D0001
(851969 dec.)
System error
Internal error
Restart
0x0D0002
(851970 dec.)
Power sec bootloader
Internal error
Contact the service department
0x0D0003
(851971 dec.)
System restart
System has been restarted to carry out a
firmware update
Information only
0x100001
(1048577
dec.)
Ethernet connection 1
Ethernet connection buildup failed;
connection could not be established
Check Ethernet connection,
check IP address,
check server address,
check server port
0x100002
(1048578
dec.)
Ethernet connection 2
Connection termination Ethernet;
socket could not be established.
Check Ethernet connection
0x100003
(1048579
dec.)
Ethernet connection 3
no 100 Mbit/s Ethernet connection
Establish Ethernet connection at
100Mbit/s
000A0111
PV voltage LT
PV voltage too high;
too many PV modules are connected in
series
Check and if necessary correct system
dimensioning
SINVERT PVM
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Troubleshooting
11.7 Plant faults
11.7
Plant faults
The tables below contain possible plant faults or malfunctions, their causes, and possible
remedies.
DC faults
Possible fault
Solution/cause/result
Reverse DC polarity
No function - no danger for inverters
DC less than 250 V
No function since switched-mode power supply not active (line voltage)
DC greater than 1000 V
Destruction of the PVM! - Inverter does not protect itself
Strings with different voltages
(incorrect dimensioning)
•
Equalizing currents between the panels via connector/switch
•
Yield loss
•
Danger of damage to the PV modules and the PVM
Strings connected to each other with reverse
polarity
Equalizing currents between the panels -> yield loss, danger of damage
to the PV modules
DC insulation fault
•
Insulation resistance DC to ground <1.05 MΩ undershot
•
Device does not switch on, check PV array
•
Usually weather-dependent – wait until the modules are dry
•
Plant problem (modules parasitic capacity to ground)
•
With persistent faults:
Switch off and check strings individually (Iso check)
DC strings not correctly connected
Danger of arcing -> charred MC4 contacts,
lower DC output
300 V DC to Umpp min
Operation possible at reduced power
max. power of the step-up converter -> efficiency reduced, temperature
rise in the device
DC string fuses (external) tripped
Short-circuit in the PV array or incorrect or insufficient DC string fuses
(external) -> Dimensioning
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
101
Troubleshooting
11.7 Plant faults
AC faults
Possible fault
Solution/cause/result
Only one phase with N conductor
Actual value display AC ~ 120 Vac
No infeed
Only 2 phases with N conductor
Actual value display AC ~ 165 Vac
No infeed
3 phase without N conductor
Transient fault line frequency and/or line voltage
(N is the reference for voltage and frequency measurement)
Phase voltages too low/too high
Observe actual value AC
Line voltage too high during operation
Observe voltage drop of the AC cable at high power, cable cross-section!
AC fuses/MCBs tripped
Short-circuit on the AC side;
note: Inverters have no increased startup current
Automatic RCCB tripped
Type A for AC residual current; 100 mA per inverter;
operational discharge current in excess of 100 mA results in shutdown
due to universal-current-sensitive residual current protection in the
inverter!
Other devices on the grid are disturbed
(e.g. Saeco coffee machine)
•
Check protective conductor connection of the PVM for line filter
neutral point;
•
Grounding also connected to the M8 grounding bolt?
•
EMC filter of the other devices sufficient?
Remedy: Line filter from LGF
Please contact SINVERT Service
Note: PVM meets all EMC requirements!
•
Line undervoltage detected on an external
conductor
One of the causes of the fault is switching operations on the grid.
•
Re-measure line voltage,
•
check fuses.
No line voltage or frequency detected
Check line voltage/frequency/fuses.
Line undervoltage detected
(Inverter draws insufficient AC voltage)
•
Power failure;
•
check AC voltage and correct if necessary
Line overvoltage detected
(Inverter draws too much AC voltage)
Possibly triggered by switching operations on the grid;
Frequent shutdown due to line overvoltage
•
check AC voltage and correct if necessary,
•
check AC fuse,
•
check country settings
•
Larger conductor cross-section
•
cosPhi (0.9…..1.0)
•
Adaptation of the medium-voltage transformer
(voltage reduction on the medium-voltage transformer)
•
If necessary, instruct the power supply utility to examine grid
conditions
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Troubleshooting
11.7 Plant faults
Possible fault
Solution/cause/result
Increased grid impedance/voltage distortions/
high-frequency faults/
increased operating noise of the inverters
(error messages: Controller
voltage/frequency/line overvoltage)
Select twisted-pair installation of the mains supply conductor.
In the case of single cores (twisted-pair installation not possible):
Whistling noises and vibrations
•
Installation with minimum gap
•
Do not install in closed magnetically conductive materials (e.g. steel
piping)
•
Avoid installation along magnetically conductive materials
•
Filter capacitors (e.g. Epcos Type B32356) between L1/N, L2/N and
L3/N, guidance value capacitance 2.5-3uF per inverter, installation in
subdistribution board; fusing using separate 16A/32A MCBs. In plants
without PEN conductors (only PE), the capacitors from L1…L3 must
be wired to the neutral point, and from the neutral point again to PE
with an X capacitor of the same size.
Causes:
•
on long cables high impedance, in association with the fed-in current
no longer satisfactory control.
•
With short cables to the medium-voltage transformer: Resonance with
internal or additional capacities possible.
From FW26, the current controller is faster and also more sensitive to
grid parameters.
Remedy:
•
•
Connecting the PE bolt
•
If still possible, two cables in parallel or sectoral cable
•
Bunch single cores tightly, do not spread over large areas
•
Filter capacitors (e.g. Epcos Type B32356) between L1/N, L2/N and
L3/N, guidance value capacitance 2.5-3uF per inverter, installation in
subdistribution board; fusing using separate 16A/32A MCBs. In plants
without PEN conductors (only PE), the capacitors from L1…L3 must
be wired to the neutral point, and from the neutral point again to PE
with an X capacitor of the same size.
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
103
Troubleshooting
11.7 Plant faults
Device faults
Possible fault
Solution/cause/result
No function
•
Check switch, switch on if necessary;
•
Measure DC voltage in the PV array
MC4 contacts not correctly plugged in
Danger of arcing -> charred MC4 contacts,
lower DC output
Switched-mode power supply/current controller
module/
inverter module defective
No display, no function
Current controller card stalled in boot mode
Yellow, green and red LEDs on the control panel show constant light
•
•
Return inverter for repair
Return inverter for repair
No display or partial display, but device
functioning
Display defective
DC overlvoltage detected
Device switches off at Udc > 950V.
AC overvoltage detected
Voltage drop on AC lines too high
(cross-section too small, high impedances);
•
Return inverter for repair
Inverter switches off in accordance with ENS limits
Controller voltage
Symmetry of the DC link electrolytic capacitors (startup phase 2
weeks); control characteristics of the step-up converter in the case of a
"serious" change in insolation;
In the case of frequent occurrences -> Return the inverter
Inverters switch off "sporadically", error
messages such as
overvoltage/undervoltage/frequency/
device fault LT; whistling noises
High-frequency faults on the AC side; caused by resonances due to
excessively high line impedance or "unfavorable" network topology
(power output/impedance/cables);
No data logger function
Set Parameter P0450 to the value 1 for data logger function
Device not starting up (Switching On Inhibited)
Parameter P0405.02 must be at the value 3
Damp in device
Device has been opened -> No warranty claim in the case of
consequential damage
Remedy: MK/X2 capacitors (3uF/device) between Lx and N + 16A.
Install protection in subdistribution board
SINVERT PVM
104
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Troubleshooting
11.7 Plant faults
Device faults (communication)
Possible fault
Solution/cause/result
Problems with RS485 bus
•
Only the baud rates 57,600 and 115,200 are supported.
•
Terminating resistor included in the inverter – only at the socket
RS485_OUT.
Plug in connectors with jumpers 1-2 and 3-4.
•
Check ground (Pin 4 )
•
Check and if necessary improve the connection of the shielding
•
Check wiring and parameter assignment
(Baudrate as ControlBox e.g. P0420.03 = 57600 and protocol
P0407.03 = 1; check USS address);
•
RS485Ref wired?
•
Terminating resistor available?
•
Reset SolarLog to factory settings and restart inverter search
•
Contact SolarLog hotline
•
RS485Ref wired?
•
Terminating resistor available?
•
Reset Meteocontrol to factory settings and restart inverter search
•
Contact Meteocontrol hotline
•
RS485Ref wired?
•
Terminating resistor available?
Fault in connection between RS485 port and
PVM ControlBox
Fault in connection between RS485 port and
SolarLog
Fault in connection between RS485 port and
Meteocontrol
Sensor connection (5-pole connector)
Check the wiring
No data or incorrect data (temperature/insolation)
No communication between inverter and
ControlBox
Check both time-of-day settings
No communication via Ethernet
Check Ethernet port
•
IP address
•
via menu command or P0410.00 – P0410.03
•
Subnet mask
•
via menu command or P0411.00 – P0411.03
•
Standard gateway
•
via menu command or P0414.00 – P0414.03
•
Portal activation
•
via menu command or P0473 → 1
•
Configure router
•
Test function
•
Initiate test function
WebMonitor activation failed
The activation code is located in the lower third of the device rating
plate
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105
Troubleshooting
11.7 Plant faults
SINVERT PVM
106
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12
Technical data
12.1
SINVERT PVM inverter
DC data
Type
PVM10
PVM13
PVM17
4DC 1)
Maximum DC power
10.2 kW
12.6 kW
16.8 kW
MPP tracking range (for Pmax)
380 to 850 V
420 to 850 V
Maximum DC voltage
Maximum DC power
525 to 850
PVM17
6DC
PVM20
16.8 kW
V3)
19.6 kW
460 ... 850
445 ... 850 V2)
480 to 850 V
37 A3)
38.5 A2)
41 A
6
6
V3)
1,000 V
29 A
30 A
32 A
Maximum DC power per input
25 A
Number of inputs for the PV
generator
4
4
4
Internal overvoltage protection
Type 3 protection
Number of MPPs
1
1)
No longer available to order
2)
Values for inverters for the domestic, business and commercial environments
3)
Values for inverters for the industrial area
AC data
Type
PVM10
PVM13
PVM17
4DC 1)
PVM17
6DC
PVM20
Rated AC output
10 kW
12.4 kW
16.5 kW
16.5 kW
19.2 kW
Maximum AC power
10 kW
12.4 kW
16.5 kW
16.5 kW
19.2 kW
AC power connection
400 V 3 AC +N, 50 ... 60 Hz
Cos phi
Maximum AC power
1; may be set up to 0.9 with capacitive or inductive component
18 A
18.5 A
Fusing at AC end: Circuit breaker
29 A
< 2,5 %
Maximum efficiency
98.0 %
97.4 %
Supply from
Intrinsic consumption, night
Internal overvoltage protection
1)
29 A
32 A
THDI
European efficiency
25 A
97.5 %
98.2 %
97.7 %
97.8 %
97.8 %
60 W
< 0.5 W
Type 3 protection
No longer available to order
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
107
Technical data
12.1 SINVERT PVM inverter
Cooling, ambient conditions, EMC
Type
PVM10
PVM13
PVM17
4DC 1)
Cooling
- 25 to + 70 °C
Ambient temperature during
operation (with derating)
- 25 to + 55°C
Maximum ambient temperature for
rated power
50 °C
Installation altitude
45 °C
40 °C
Up to 2,000 m above sea level
Noise
< 45 dBa
EN 61000-6-4 for inverters in the industrial area
EN 61000-6-3 for inverters for the domestic, business and commercial
environments
Manufacturer's declaration of
conformity
CE
Interference immunity
EN 61000-6-2
Environmental classes
4K4H in accordance with IEC 60721-3-4
ENS
1)
PVM20
Natural convection
Ambient temperature during storage
and transport
Emitted interference
PVM17
6DC
In accordance with VDE0126-1-1
No longer available to order
Mechanical properties
Type
Degree of protection
PVM10
PVM13
PVM17
4DC 1)
PVM17
6DC
IP65 in accordance with IEC 60529
Dimensions
Width/height/depth
530 mm / 601 mm / 270 mm
Minimum distances
Side/top/bottom
50 mm / 500 mm / 500 mm
Weight
1)
PVM20
Approx. 40 kg
Approx. 41 kg
No longer available to order
SINVERT PVM
108
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Technical data
12.2 Insolation sensor
12.2
Insolation sensor
An insolation sensor is available as an optional accessory. You need a corresponding
connector to connect the insolation sensor. The ordering data for the insolation sensor and
the corresponding connector are listed in Section Spare parts and accessories (Page 111).
Type
Insolation temperature sensor
Insolation sensor
SiS-13TC-T-K / SiS-13TC-T
SiS-13TC-K
General
Current measuring shunt
0.12 Ω (TK = 20 ppm/K)
Ambient temperature
- 20 °C to + 70 °C
Power supply
12 to 28 V DC
Current consumption
0.3 mA
Connecting cable
4 x 0.14 mm², 3 m (UV-stable)
Cell size
50 x 33 mm
External dimensions:
Length/width/height
145 x 86 x 39 mm
Weight
340 g
Solar radiation (insolation)
Measuring range
0 ... 1300 W/m²
Output signal
0 ... 10 V
Measuring accuracy
± 5% of the full-scale value
Device temperature
Measuring range
Output signal
Measuring accuracy
Non-linearity
Max. deviation
- 20 °C to + 90 °C
-
2.268 V + T [°C] * 86.9 mV/°C
-
+ 1.5% at 25 °C
-
± 0.5 °C
-
± 2 °C
-
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Technical data
12.2 Insolation sensor
SINVERT PVM
110
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13
Ordering data
13.1
SINVERT PVM inverter
Inverters with emitted interference for the domestic, business and commercial environments
13.2
Designation
Order number
SINVERT PVM10
6AG3120-3JB02-0AC1
SINVERT PVM13
6AG3120-3JE02-0AC1
SINVERT PVM17 6DC
6AG3120-3JK02-0AC1
SINVERT PVM20
6AG3120-3JM02-0AC1
Spare parts and accessories
Spare parts
Spare part
Supplier
Product designation
Order number
AC connector, small
Siemens AG
A5E03316370
Wall bracket
Siemens AG
A5E03316290
Accessories
Accessories
Supplier
Product designation
4-pin RS485 connector
Phoenix Contact
SACC-M12MS-4SC SH
1513253
4-pin relay socket
Phoenix Contact 1)
SACC-M12FS-4SC SH
1513279
Ethernet connector
Phoenix Contact 1)
VS-08-RJ45-5-Q/IP67
1656990
AC connector, large
(cable cross-section 14-25 mm
Conductor cross-section 10 - 16
mm2)
Siemens AG
Key for MC4 connector unlocking
tool
MultiContact 1)
PV-MS
32.6024
MC4 circular connector for
connecting to the negative pole of
the inverter
(cable diameter 3 - 6 mm
cable cross-section 4 - 6 mm2)
MultiContact 1)
PV-KST4/6l-UR
320015P0001
1)
Order number
6AG3920-3AA20-1AY0
SINVERT PVM
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111
Ordering data
13.2 Spare parts and accessories
Accessories
Supplier
Product designation
Order number
MC4 circular connector for
connecting to the negative pole of
the inverter
(cable diameter 5.5 - 9 mm
cable cross-section 4 - 6 mm2)
MultiContact 1)
PV-KST4/6ll-UR
320017P0001
MC4 coupling socket for
connecting to the positive pole of
the inverter
(cable diameter 3 - 6 mm
cable cross-section 4 - 6 mm2)
MultiContact 1)
PV-KBT4/6l-UR (∅ 3-6 mm)
320014P0001
MC4 coupling socket for
connecting to the positive pole of
the inverter
(cable diameter 5.5 - 9 mm
cable cross-section 4 - 6 mm2)
MultiContact 1)
PV-KBT4/6ll-UR (∅ 5.5-9 mm)
320016P0001
MC4 hand crimping tool
MultiContact 1)
Insolation sensor
Mencke&Tegtmeyer
Insolation temperature sensor
PV-CZM-19100
Si-13TC-K
Product designation is
sufficient
Mencke&Tegtmeyer 1)
Si-13TC-T-K
Product designation is
sufficient
Insolation temperature sensor
Mencke&Tegtmeyer 1)
SiS-13TC-T
Product designation is
sufficient
Connector for insolation sensor
Phoenix Contact 1)
SACC-M12MS-5SC SH
1512555
SINVERT PVM ControlBox
Siemens AG
1)
6AG3600-3AB10-0AA0
Sealing cap for MC4 socket
(positive pole)
MultiContact
1)
PV-SVK4
32 07 17
Sealing cap for MC4 socket
(negative pole)
MultiContact 1)
PV-BVK4
32 07 16
Screw plug for RS485
in/out socket
Phoenix Contact 1)
PROT-M12
1680539
Screw plug sensor socket
Phoenix Contact 1)
PROT-M12
1680539
PROT-M12-FS
1560251
Sealing cap for relay socket
1)
Phoenix
Contact 1)
Accessory not supplied by Siemens, must be ordered from the supplier specified.
SINVERT PVM
112
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Ordering data
13.2 Spare parts and accessories
Warranty extensions
SINVERT PVM WarrantyExtension to 20 years
Product name
Order number
SINVERT PVM10 WarrantyExtension – 20Y
6AG3820-3DA00-0WB0
SINVERT PVM13 WarrantyExtension – 20Y
6AG3820-3DA00-0WE0
SINVERT PVM17 WarrantyExtension – 20Y
6AG3820-3DA00-0WK0
SINVERT PVM20 WarrantyExtension – 20Y
6AG3820-3DA00-0WM0
SINVERT PVM WarrantyExtension to 10 years
Product name
Order number
SINVERT PVM10 WarrantyExtension – 10Y
6AG3820-3DA00-0LB0
SINVERT PVM13 WarrantyExtension – 10Y
6AG3820-3DA00-0LE0
SINVERT PVM17 WarrantyExtension – 10Y
6AG3820-3DA00-0LK0
SINVERT PVM20 WarrantyExtension – 10Y
6AG3820-3DA00-0LM0
SINVERT PVM
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Ordering data
13.2 Spare parts and accessories
SINVERT PVM
114
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14
Dimension drawings
Figure 14-1
Dimension drawing of device
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
115
Dimension drawings
[
[
0
0
Figure 14-2
Dimension drawing of wall bracket
SINVERT PVM
116
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
A
Appendix
A.1
Technical support
Technical support for SINVERT products
● Information material and downloads for SINVERT products:
SINVERT infocenter (http://www.siemens.com/sinvert-infocenter)
Here you can find, for example:
– Catalogs
– Brochures
● Documentation on SINVERT products:
SINVERT support (http://www.siemens.com/sinvert-support)
Here you can find, for example:
– Manuals and operating instructions
– The latest product information, FAQs, downloads, tips and tricks
– Characteristics and certificates
Technical assistance for SINVERT products
For all technical queries, please contact:
● Phone: +49 (911) 895-5900
Monday to Friday, 8 am – 5 pm CET
● Fax: +49 (911) 895-5907
● E-mail: Technical assistance (mailto:technical-assistance@siemens.com)
● Online: Technical assistance online (https://www.siemens.com/automation/supportrequest)
Handling of replacements and returns for SINVERT products
For questions concerning replacing and returning devices, please contact:
Germany:
● Phone: +49 (911) 895-5999
Monday to Friday, 8 am – 5 pm CET
International:
● Your competent sales partner
SINVERT PVM
Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
117
Appendix
A.2 Latest documentation
A.2
Latest documentation
The latest versions of the documentation for all SINVERT products can be found on the
Internet by following this link:
SINVERT support (http://www.siemens.com/sinvert-support)
The available documents include:
● SINVERT PVM Operating Instructions (compact)
● SINVERT PVM Operating Instructions
● Inverter data sheets
● Data sheet for the SINVERT PVM ControlBox
● SINVERT PVM ControlBox Operating Instructions
● SINVERT Webmonitor Operating Instructions
● SINVERT solar PV plant control
Certificates
You can find the certificates for the SINVERT PVM inverters on the Internet:
SINVERT support (http://www.siemens.com/sinvert-support)
SINVERT PVM
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Operating Instructions, 11/2012, A5E02758225C/004
Glossary
ENS
Line monitoring device with allocated switching elements
EVU
Electrical utility
FLL
English: Frequency locked loop
Frequently locked loop
FW
Firmware
INV
Inverter
LVD
Low-Voltage Directive
MPP tracking
English: Maximum power point tracking
MSR
Medium Voltage Directive
Pmax
Maximum output power
PV
Photovoltaic
SINVERT PVM
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119
Glossary
RoHS
English: Restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances
EC Directive 2002/95/EC on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in
electrical and electronic devices
Sea level
Sea level
THD
English: Total harmonic distortion
Total harmonic distortion Non-linear distortion of an electrical or acoustic signal
THDI
THD for electrical current
TN-S system
French: Terre Neutre Separé
Low-voltage system with neutral conductor N connected separately and protective conductor
PE connected separately.
TT system
French: Terre Terre
Low-voltage system without protective conductor PE connected separately
USS protocol
Universal serial interface protocol
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Index
A
AC systems, 37
Accessories, 111
Activation code, 68, 70
Areas of application, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30
B
Block diagram, 21
Bus terminator
RS485, 58
C
Checking the time of day, 64
Cleaning, 87
Commissioning, 59
Configuration, 77
Connection
AC, 50
DC, 54
cos φ
Static value, 86
variable, 86
Country setting, 62
F
Fault
Acknowledge, 94
Faults, 94
Firmware version, 9, 21, 61, 78
G
Grounding, 48
I
Infeed power, 74
Input keys, 23
Insolation sensor
Connecting, 56
Technical data, 109
IP address
Entering, 66
Isolation faults, 94
L
Line protection, 51
M
D
Data transfer to portal, 67, 69
Datalogger, 31
Date and time, 77
Description
SINVERT PVM, 17
Device replacement, 88
Display, 23
Disposal, 91
E
Energy data, 74
Error messages, 95
Error rectification, 95
Ethernet, 66
Maintenance, 87
MC4 unlocking tool, 54
Menu language, 14, 61
Modifying, 63
Menu navigation, 73
MeteoControl, 69
O
Operator controls, 71
Operator panel, 22
Ordering data
Accessories, 111
Spare parts, 111
Overvoltage protection, 51
SINVERT PVM
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121
Index
P
Password, 78
Entering, 65
Portal, 68
Portal settings, 67, 69
PV generator
Requirements, 33
R
Reactive power control, 86
Reactive power specification, 86
Residual-current circuit breaker (RCCB), 51, 53
Reverse current, 35
RS485 interface, 36, 57, 69
S
Scope of supply, 18
Selecting the country setting, 14, 61
SINVERT PVM
Description, 17
SINVERT WebMonitor, 68
SolarLog, 69
Spare parts, 111
Standard gateway
Setting, 67
Status display, 23, 72
T
Technical data
Insolation sensor, 109
Inverter, 107
Transient fault, 93
U
Unpacking the device, 41
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