Wheel - The Wheel Horse Tractor Manual and Documentation Website

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Lawn Tractors
3 Speed, 5 Speed, & 6 Speed
Lawn & Garden Tractors
8 Speed & Automatic
fit
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•
Specifications
Operating Instructions
Maintenance Information
400 Series
Garden Tractors
8 Speed & Automatic
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300 Series
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200 Series
�Wheel
PART NO. 810399R1
CONTENTS
••
II,
Tractor Specifications
Page
Page
•••
III
Maintaining Your Tractor
1 4·23
1
Maintenance Checklist
Vehicle Identification Numbers
2
Registration and Warranty
2
Parts Manual
2
Engine
Oil Quality
Oil Level
Oil Changes
Air Filter
Spark Plug(s)
Breaker Points and Condenser
Carburetor Adjustment
Fuel Filter
14·17
13
13·14
15
15·16
17
17
17
17
Charging and Electrical Systems
Alternator
Main Fuse
light Circuit and Fuse
Voltmeter and Hour Meter Fuse
Electric lift Fuse
Battery
Light Bulb Replacement
18·19
18
18
18
18
18
19
19
Automatic Transmission
Oil Quality
Oil Level
Oil Changes
Oil Filter
Cooling Fan
19·20
19
19
20
20
20
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General Safety Suggestions
3·6
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Instruments and Controls
200·Series Tractors
3·4
300, 400·Series Tractors
5·6
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7-9
Operating Your Tractor
7
Correct Engine Operation
Starting The Engine
Stopping The Engine
Throttle Control
Choke Control
Fuel Specification
Oil Specification
7
7
7
7
8
8
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Safety Interlock System
8·9
8
8
8-9
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Correct Automatic Transmission
Operation
ToGo Forward
ToGo Backward
To Stop
Hand Pushing Tractor
13
Correct Mechanical Transmission
Operation
To Go Forward or Reverse
To Change Speeds or Direction
To Stop
10
10
10-11
11·12
11
11
12
12
12
Chassis Lubrication
21
Foot Brake Adjustment
3, 5 & 6-Speed Models
8-Speed Models
300, 400-Series Automatic Models·
21·22
21
21
21-22
PTO Clutch & Brake Adjustment
200-Series
300, 400-Series
22
22
22
Cleaning and Storage
23
Troubleshooting Checklist
24·25
Wiring Diagram
26·32
&CAUTION &
This symbol marks important instructions relating to your personal
safety. To avoid the possibility of injury, read and follow such instructions
carefully.
When the manual refers to the left or right side of the v ehicle, it
means your left and right when sitting in the driver's s eat.
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Operation of the Tractor:
With a Mower (All Models)
With a Snowthrower (All Models)
With a Snow Blade (20O-Series)
With a Dozer or Grader Blade
(300, 40O-Series)
With a Tiller (All Models)
With a Plow, Disc Cultivator,
or Harrow (400-Series)
With Other Attachments (All Models)
10
3, 5 & 6·Speed Transmission
or
300, 400-Series Attachment Mounting
Hitches
Attachment Belts
20
20
20
H
1 0· 1 2
200-Series Attachment Mounting
8·Speed Transmission
Oil Quality
Oil Level
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Correct Tractor Usage
9
9
9
9
TRACTOR SPECIFICATIONS:
EN G I N E:
RATED
TRACTOR
MODEL
ENGINE
MODEL*
208-3
B-191707
8
H. P.**
DISPLACEMENT
cu. in.! cc
BORE
in.fmm
19.44/318.56
3/76.2
. STROKE
in./mm
IGNITION
2.75/69.9
Electronic
Electronic
B-252707
11
24.36/400
3.44/87.3
2.62/66.7
B-253707
11
24.36/400
3.44/87.3
2.62/66.7
Electronic
308
K181S
8
18.64/305
2.94/74.7
2.75/69.8
Electronic
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211-3
211-5,211-6
K241S
10
23.9/391.6
3.25/82.6
2.88/72.9
Battery
K301S
12
29.07/476.4
3.38/85.7
3.25/82.6
Battery
414
K321S
14
31.27/512.4
3.5/88.9
3.25/82.6
Battery
416
K341S
16
35.89/588.1
3.75/95.3
3.25/82.6
Battery
417
KT17QS
17
42.18/691.4
3.125/79.4
2.75/69.8
Battery
310
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312
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*Letter Prefix: B = Briggs & Stratton, K = Kohler. Basic engine model number shown; specification and serlo! numbers from engine f. D. plate are
required to completely identify engine.
**Engine manufacturer's roting at 3600 RPM.
300- Series S-Speed Models
T RA N SMISSION:
Type: Mechanical
All Gear
Approximate Ground Speeds (at full throttle):
Gear
Low Range
High Range
lst
.5 mph ( .8 kmh)
2 mph (3.2 kmh)
2nd
.8 mph (1.3 kmh)
3.1 mph (5.0 kmh)
3rd
1.3 mph (2.1 kmh)
5.3 mph (8.5 kmh)
.6 mph (1.0 kmh)
2.5 mph (4.0 kmh)
Rev.
Type: Mechanical
All Gear
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200-Series 3, 5 & 6 Speed Models
Approximate Ground Speeds (at full throttle):
3-Speed
1.2
2.8
4.2
2.0
mph
mph
mph
mph
(1.9
(4.5
(6.8
(3.2
5- Speed (Peerless SOl-028)
kmh)
kmh)
kmh)'
kmh)
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
mph
mph
mph
mph
mph
mph
(1.6
(3.0
(4.6
(5.9
(6.9
(3.2
6-Speed (Peerless SOl-0 37)
mph
mph
mph
mph
mph
mph
mph
(1.1
(1.8
(3.5
(5.3
(6.7
(7.8
(3.7
kmh)
kmh)
kmh)
kmh)
kmh)
km h)
kmh)
12 Volt D.C., NegativeGround
200-Series; 308, 310, 312, 414
Models 12 Volt, 24 Amp. Hr.
416 & 417 Models 12 Volt, 32 Amp. Hr.
Alternator:
308 Model
1.25 AmpUnregulated (dual circuit)
200, 310, 312, 414 Model 3 Amp - Unregulated
(dual circuit)
416,417 15 Amp - regulated circuit
T I R ES:
Siz es :
208-3
211-3
211-5
211-6
308,310
312
414
416,417
Pressure:
PSI
kg/em'
ii
Front
13 x
13 x
13 x
13 x
15 x
15 x
16 x
16 x
12
.85
5.00-6
5.00-6
6.50-6
6.50-6
6.00-6
6.00-6
6.50-8
6.50-8
Rear
18 x 6.50-8
18 x 8.50-8
18 x 9.50-8
20 x 10.00-10
22 x 7.50-12
22 x 9.00-12
23 x 8.50-12
23 x 9.50-12
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Battery:
Type: Hydrostatic
Approximate Ground Speeds (at full throttle):
400-Series
300- Series
Variable 0-5.6 mph
Variable 0-7 mph
(11.5 kmh) Forward
(9.0 kmh) Forward
Variable 0-4.5 mph
Variable 0-3.4 mph
(7.2 kmh) Reverse
(5.4 kmh) Reverse
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Type:
Automatic
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EL ECT R ICAL SYST EM:
Approximate Ground Speeds (at full throttle):
Gear
Low Range
High Range
.5 mph ( .8 kmh)
2 mph (3.2 kmh)
1st
.8 mph (1.3 kmh)
2nd
3.2 mph (5.2 kmh)
5.5 mph (8.8 kmh)
1.4 mph (2.2 kmh)
3rd
2.6 mph (4.2 kmh)
.7 mph (1.1 kmh)
Rev.
or
0.7
1.1
2.2
3.3
4.2
4.9
2.3
400- Series 8-Speed
Type: Mechanical
All Gear
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2nd
3rd
4th
5th
6th
Rev
kmh)
kmh)
kmh)
kmh)
kmh)
kmh)
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5th
Rev.
1.0
1.9
2.9
3.7
4.3
2.0
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1st
2nd
3rd
Rev.
12
.85
TRACTOR SPECIFICATIONS (continued);
P HYSICAL DATA:
HEIGHT
in./cm
LENGTH
in.!em
WIDTH
in.!em
WHEEL
BASE
in.fern
INSIDE
TURNING RADIUS
in.!em
NET WEIGHT
(APPROXIMATE)
Ib,./kg
208-3
211-3
211-5
211-6
308-8
310-8
312-8
312-A
414-8
416-8
417-8
417-A
36.5/93
38.2/97
39/99
39/99
40.1/102
40.1/102
40.4/102
41.2/105
40.5/103
41.6/106
41.6/106
41.6/106
64.5/164
64.5/164
64.2/163
64.5/164
64.8/165
64.8/165
64.8/165
64.8/165
65/165
65/165
65/165
65/165
33/84
35.1/89
35.7/91
35.8/91
34.1/87
34.1/87
36/91
36/91
36.4/92
37.1/94
37.1/94
38/96.5
45.5/116
45.5/116
45.5/116
45.5/116
45.5/116
45.5/116
45.5/116
45.5/116
45.5/116
45.5/116
45.5/116
45.5/116
32/81
32/81
32/81
32/81
36/91
36/91
36/91
36/91
36/91
36/91
36/91
36/91
318/145
343/156
355/162
406/185
466/212
529/241
547/249
584/266
553/252
553/252
585/266
634/289
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TRACTOR
MODEL
TUNE.UP/GENERAL MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS;
TRACTOR
MODEL
N/A
N/A
N/A
TIMING
MARK
LOCATION
IGNITION
TIMING
(BTDC)
N/A
N/A
N/A
.020/.5
N/A
.020/.5
N/A
Counterclockwise
Counterclockwise
Counterclockwise
1750
1750
1000
3400
3400
3500
RH-10
.035/.9
Counterclockwise
1000
3400
RBL-15Y
.025/.64
Counterclockwise
1200
3400
Fixed
Fixed
208 - 1 Va qt. (1.0 I)
211 - 1Y2 qt. (1.41)
308 - 1'4 qt. (1.2 I)
310,312,414,416 - 2 qt. (1.9 I)
417 - 1% qt. (1.4 I)
C HASSIS:
Z er k Fittings:
All Models - 6
PTO Brake Adjustment
( PTO en ga ged):
200-Series - .010 (.25 mm) Gap
between brake pad and pulley
or
300, 400-Series - .012 (.3 mm)
Gap between brake pad and pulley
200-Series 3, 5 & 6 Speed - N/A
300�Series Automatic
Hydrostatic Unit - % qt. (.7 I)
Transaxle - 3 qt. (2.8 I)
300, 400-Series 8-Speed - 2 qt. (1.9 I)
400-Series Automatic- 5 qt. (.47 I)
Front Wheel
End P lay:
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0-.015 in. (.4 mm) All Madels
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Fuel Tank:
.030/.76
.030/.76
.025/ .64
J-8
CJ-8
RCJ-8
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Transmission:
GOVERNED
MAX. RPM
(No Load)
Fixed
Fixed
Fixed
L I Q U I D CAPACITI ES:
Crankcase:
IDLE
RPM
(No Lo"ad)
SPARK
PLUG GAP
in./mm
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"Or equivalent (Champion number shown).
DIRECTION
OF ROTATION
(Facing PTO)
SPARK
PLUG
TYPE*
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208
211
308-8
310, 312,
414, 416
417
POINT
GAP
inJmm
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ENG I N E:
200-Series - 1 Y2 gal. (5.7 I)
308 Model- 1'4 gal. (4.8 I)
310, 312 Models, 400-Series 3 gal. (11.4 I)
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GENERAL SAFETY SUGGESTIONS
Recommended by Outdoor Power Equipment Institute
SAF E O P ERATION PRACTICES - R I DI N G VEHICLES
1.
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Know the controls and how to stop quickly READ THIS OWNER'S MANUAL and instructions
furnished with attachments.
Do not allow children to operate machine. Do
not allow adults to operate it without proper
instruction.
Do not carry passengers. Do not mow when
children and others are around.
Cleor work area of objects (wire, rocks, etc.)
which might be picked up and thrown.
Disengage all attachment clutches and shift into
neutral before attempting to start engine (motor).
Disengage power to attachments and stop en�
gine (motor) before leaving operator position.
Disengage power to attachment(s) and stop en�
gine (motor) before making any repairs or ad�
justments.
Disengage power to attachments when transportM
ing or not in use.
Take all possible precautions when leaving veM
hicle unattended; such as disengaging powerM
take�offJ lowering attachments, shifting into neuM
tral, setting parking brake, stopping engine and
removing key.
Do not stop Or start suddenly when going uphill
or downhill. Mow up and down the face of steep
slopes; never across the face. If a steep hill must
be ascended, back up the hill; drive forward
when descending.
Reduce speed and exercise extreme caution on
slopes and in sharp turns to prevent tipping or
loss of control. Be especially cautious when
changing directions on slopes.
Stay alert for holes, rocks and roots in the terrain
which may cause the vehicle to upset. Keep away
from drop-offs.
Use care when pulling loads or using heavy
equipment.
a. Use only approved drawbar hitch points.
b. limit loads to those you can safely control.
c. Do not turn sharply. Use care when backing.
d. Use counterweight(s) or wheel weights when
suggested in owner's manual.
Watch out for traffic when crossing or near roadM
ways.
When using any atttachments never direct disM
charge of material toward bystanders nor allow
anyone near vehicle while in operation.
Handle gasoline with care - it is highly flam�
mabie.
A, Use approved gasoline container. Place conM
tainer out of the reach of children.
B. Use gasoline only as a fuel - never as a
cleaner. Never remove cap or add gasoline to
a running or hot engine or an engine that has
not been allowed to cool for several minutes
after running. Never fill fuel tank indoors.
Wipe up spilled gasoline. And positively NO
SMOKING.
C. Open doors if engine is run in garage - ex­
haust fumes are dangerous. Do not run en­
gine (motor) indoors.
3.
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4.
5.
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6.
7.
8.
10.
24.
25.
A
CAUTION
TD AVOID INJURY:
READ OPERATOR'S MANUAL
KNOW LOCATION & FUNCTION
OF CONTROLS • MAINTAIN
SAFETY DEVICES • REMOVE
POTENTIAL THROWN OBJECTS
NEVER MOW NEAR PEOPLE
NEVER CARRY PASSENGERS
L O OK BEFORE BACKING
AVOID SLIPPERY OR STEEP
AREAS' STOP BLADE & BACK
SLOWLY IF MACHINE STOPS
GOING UPHILL' AVOID BLADE
UNLESS BLADE & ENGINE ARE
STOPPED • SET PARKING
BRAKE & REMOVE KEY IF
LEAVING MACHINE.
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15.
22.
or
14.
2 1.
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13.
20.
Keep vehicle and attachments in good operating
condition and keep safety devices in place and
working.
Keep all nuts, bolts, and screws tight to be sure
equipment is in safe working condition.
Never store eqUipment with gasoline in the tank
inside a building where fumes may reach an
open flame or spark.
Allow engine to cool before storing in any en­
closure.
To reduce fire hazard keep engine free of grass,
leaves or excessive grease.
Vehicle and attachments should be stopped and
inspected for damage after striking a foreign
obiect and the damage should be repaired be­
fore restarting and operating the equipment.
Do not change engine governor settings or over­
speed engine.
When using vehicle with mower:
(1) Mow only in daylight or in good artificial
light.
(2) Never make a cutting height adiustment while
engine (motor) is running if operator must
dismount to do so.
(3) Shut engine (motor) off when unclogging
chute.
(4) Check blade mounting bolts for proper tight­
ness at frequent intervals.
Under normal usage, grass. catcher bag material
is subiect to deterioration and wear. It should
be checked frequently for bag replacement. Re·
placement bags should be checked to ensure
compliance with original manufacturers recom­
mendations or- specifications.
Disengage power to mower before backing up.
Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely neces­
sary and then only after careful observation of
the entire area behind the mower.
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1 1.
18.
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9.
17.
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (VIN) LOCATIONS
Vehicle identification numbers are used to identify your new tractor and
major attachments. These numbers should always be referred to when consulting
dealer or factory concerning service, parts, or other information you may require.
If these plates are removed during repair operations, they should always be
replaced.
Engine identification numbers are located on engine shrouding and indicate
model, specification or type number and serial number of tractors engine.
Major attachments also have a vehicle identification number plate attached
to them.
For your convenience and ready reference,enter tractor and engine numbers
below.
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Tractor vehicle identification number plate is located just below seat on
rear fender.
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200- Series VI N Location
En gine Identification Number
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Tractor Identification Number
300, 400 -Series VIN Location
Model
H
Type or Spec No.
____________ ___ __________ _ _ _ _ _
__
_
or
Serial No.
__________________________ __
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OWNER REGISTRATION AND WARRANTY
PARTS MANUAL
A separate parts manual is available for your Whee! Horse equipment.
To obtain a parts manual, see the ordering information found at the end of this
publication.
BE SURE TO INCLUDE THE VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER OF THE
EQUIPMENT.
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Service and warranty assurance is as important to Wheel Horse as it is to
you, the owner. To facilitate warranty service at an Authorized Wheel Horse
Dealer,Wheel Horse requires factory registration. A registration card is supplied
with each new rider and attachment. Either you or your' dea ler must fill in the
required information and mail the card to Wheel Horse.
The Wheel Horse limited Warranty Statement is on a "hang tag" attached
to each product. This statement describes what items are covered by the Wheel
Horse limited Warranty, your rights and obligations, a'nd the procedure to
follow to obtain warranty service. Please familiarize yourself with the warranty
statement. All of us at Wheel Horse want you to b e satisfied with your Wheel
Horse riding mower; p leas e don't hesitate to contact us for assistance.
INSTRUMENTS AND CONTROLS
200-SERIES TRACTORS·
COMBINED .THROTTLE/CHOKE CONTROL
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Combined throttle/choke control is located on upper
right side of dash panel. To start engine raise lever
all the way up past detent to Choke position. To op­
erate tractor raise lever to detent position near top of
slot. lower lever before shutting engine off. If engine
is warm or has been running, raising lever to Choke
position may not be necessary to restart it.
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6
2. INDICATOR LIGHTS
(211-5,211-6Models)
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3 ·SPEED MODEL S
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Indicator lights are located on upper left side of
dash panel. Test switch is used to check light bulbs
and electrical circuits. Actuate test switch to turn lights
"On" or llFlashing"i if one or more lights are out,
check wiring and replace bulb if necessary as out�
lined in "Maintenancell section of this manual. If PTO
Clutch or Clutch Pedal light is on when attempting to
start engine, check that control is in proper position
for starting. All lights must be OFF during operation;
if lightCs) is on, a malfunction is indicated in that
operation(s) and must be corrected.
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IGNITION SWITCH
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5·SPEED MO DELS
or
H
Ignition switch is located on lower right side of dash
panel near steering column. Ignition switch has three
positions from left to right, ( 1 ) Off, (2) Run, (3) Start.
To start engine turn key all the way right to Start
position. Release key when engine starts and it will
automatically return to Run position. When switch is
turned to Off position, engine stops and all electrical
accessories are turned off.
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VOLTMETER (211-6 Model)
Voltmeter is located on dash panel to left side of
steering column. Voltmeter is a gage indicating elec­
trical system battery voltage.
11
With ignition key in Off position, gage is not ac�
tuated. When ignition key is turned to On position,
gage should read 1 2 Volts or slightly above. When
starter is engaged, gage reading should not drop
below 8 Volts.
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12-�:;'"
After engine is started and running, gage should
read between 1 2 and 1 6 Volts. If gage reads less than
1 2 Volts battery is discharging. If gage reads 1 6
Volts or higher for long periods of time, check battery
water more frequently.
6·SPEED MO DEL S
-3-
5.
10
HOUR METER
(211-5, 2 1 1 -6Models)
•
GEAR SHIFT -LEVER
Gear shift lever is located in front of seat. Select
any forward or reverse speed by moving lever to
position as indicated on shift pattern decal.
Hour meter is located on dash panel below steering
column. Hour meter is a gage indicating operating
hours of tractor.
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1 1.
6. PTO (POWER TAKE-OFF) CLUTCH LEVER
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1 2.
LIGHT SWITCH
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light switch is located on lower left side of dash
panel. Raise toggle to turn lights on. lower toggle to
turn lights off. lights will work only while engine is
running.
13;
PARKING BRAKE LOCK LEVER
FUEL SHUT-OFF VALVE (Not Shown)
Fuel shut·off valve is located on bottom of fuel
tank. Fuel shut·off valve is normally left open, except
when service on fuel system becomes necessary.
8.
BRAKE PEDAL
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Parking brake lock lever is located in front of seat
on right side of frame. To engage parking brakel
first apply foot brake pedal solidly and then move
parking brake lock lever forward to lock brake. To
release parking brake push down on brake pedal.
Parking brake lock lever is spring loaded and will
return to disengaged position when foot brake js
applied. Indicator light is on, if so equipped, when
parking brake is locked with engine running.
LIFT LEVER
Manual attachment lift lever is located to left side
of 'steering wheel. Depress release button and move
lever forward or backward to lower or raise attach*
ments used with tractor. Always lower attachments
before leaving tractor unattended.
PTO clutch lever is located on right side of tractor.
Power driven attachments are engaged and disen�
gaged with PTO lever. Push lever forward to engage
attachment. Pull lever back to disengage attachment.
PTO clutch lever actuates a safety interlock switch in
starter circuit; therefore indicator light comes on, if so
equipped, and tractor will not start unless lever is in
disengaged position. If operator's seat is vacated
while PTO is engaged, seat switch indicator light
comes on (if so equipped) and seat switch will auto­
matically shut engine off.
7.
.
Brake pedal is located on right side of tractor. Push­
ing down on pedal applies brake. Note: When coming
to a stop always depress clutch pedal as well as brake
pedal so that transmission will be disconnected from
engine.
9.
CLUTCH PEDAL
-
om
Clutch pedal is located on left side of tractor. Push·
ing down on clutch pedal does two things, ( 1 ) De·
clutches transmission drive belt from engine; (2) Ac­
tuates a safety interlock switch so starter will operate.
Engaging clutch is done by releasing pedal which
tightens transmission drive belt. Always release pedal
slowly when engaging clutch. Always depress pedal
when shifting transmission into or out of gear and
when starting engine. Indicator light comes onl if
so equipped, with pedal released and ignition key in
start position.
4
-
INSTRUMENTS AND CONTROLS
300, 400-SERIES TRACTORS
1.
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'otr,;
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300, 400- SER I ES 8-SPEED MO DELS
INTERLOCK INDICATOR LIGHTS
(31 2,414,4
. 16,417)
ENGINE OIL LIGHT
(3 1 0, 3 1 2, 4 1 4, 4 1 6, 417)
Indicator light test switch is used to check light
bulbs and electrical circuits. Actuate test switch to
turn lights 1I0n" or IIFlashing"j jf one or more lights
are out check wiring and replace bulb if necessary
as outlined in IIMaintenancell section of this manual.
If PTO clutch or clutch pedal light is on when attempt­
ing to start engine, check that control is in proper
position for starting. All lights must be OFF during
operation; jf light(s} is on, a malfunction is indicated
in that operation(s) and must be corrected.
2.
VOLTMETER (3 1 0-S, 3 1 2·S, 312'A,
414·S, 41 6.S,417.S, 417·A Models)
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Voltmeter is a gage indicating electrical system bat­
tery voltage. With ignition key in Off position, gage
is: not actuated. When ignition key is turned to On
position, gage should read 1 2 Volts or slightly above.
When starter ,is engaged, gage reading should not
drop below 8 Volts. After engine is started and runR
ning, gage should read between 1 2 and 1 6 Volts. If
gage reads less than 1 2 Volts battery is discharging.
If gage reads 1 6 Volts or higher for long periods of
time, check battery water more frequently.
3.
THROTTLE CONTROL
H
Throttle control 'lever controls engine speed. Raise
lever to operate tractor; lower lever before shutting
engine off.
Pull choke knob out when starting engine. Slowly
push knob in after engine starts. If engine is warm
and has been running, choking may not be necessary
to restart it.
5.
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300-SERIES A UTOMATIC MO DELS
CHOKE CONTROL
or
4.
MANUAL LIFT {30S-S, 31 0,S, 31 2.S,
3 1 2.A,41 4.S; 41 6·S}
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Depress lift lever release button and move lever
forward or rearward to lower or raise attachments
used with tractor. Always lower attachments before
leaving tractor unattended.
16 -+-''---'--'-'
19-.!--7-1�
14
400-SER I ES AUTOMATIC MODELS
ELECTRIC LIFT (417-S Model)
m
6.
Raise toggle to lift attachment; lower toggle to
lower attachment.
7.
BRAKE PEDAL (S.Speed Models)
Pushing down on brake pedal applies brake. Note:
When coming to a stop always depress dutch pedal
as well as brake pedal so that transmission will be
disconnected from engine.
-5-
S.
CLUTCH PEDAL (S-Speed Models)
1 4.
Pushing down on clutch pedal does two things:
(1) De�clutches transmission drive belt from enginei
(2) Actuates a safety interlock switch so starter will
operate. Engaging clutch is clone by releasing pedal
which tightens transmission drive belt. Always release
pedal slowly when engaging clutch. Always depress
pedal when shifting transmission into or out of gear
and when starting engine. Indicator light comes on,
if so equipped, with pedal released and ignition key
in start position.
To engage parking brake, first apply foot brake
pedal solidly and then move parking brake lock
lever back to lock brake. To release parking brake
push down on foot brake pedal. Parking brake lock
lev�r is spring loaded and will return to disengaged
position when foot brake pedal is applied. Indicator
light is on, if so equipped, when parking brake is
locked with engine running.
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BRAKE/RETURN TO NEUTRAL.PEDAL·
(Automatic Models)
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Transmission clutch lever disconnects engine from
transmission. Pull lever up and rearward to disconnect
transmission. Push lever forward and down to engage
transmission. Always disengage transmission when
starting engine in cold weather.
Bra ke/ Return to neutra I pedoI provides dynamic
braking to both rear wheels through automatic frans�
mission. As pedal is depressed, transmission is shifted
to neutral. When pedal is fully depressed a mechanic­
al brake is also applied for additional braking action.
Pedal must be depressed when starting engine, as
pedal linkage actuates a safety interlock switch, al­
lowing starter to operate. Indicator light comes on, if
so equipped, with pedal released and ignition key
in start position.
16 .
PTO (POWER TAKE-OFF) CLUTCH LEVER
Power driven attachments are engaged and dis­
engaged with PTO lever. Push lever forward to en­
gage attachment. Pull lever back to disengage attach­
ment. PTO clutch lever actuates a safety interlock
switch in starter circuiti therefore,indicator light comes
on, if so equipped, and tractor will not start unless
lever is in disengaged position. If operator's seat is
vacated while PTO is engaged, seat switch indicator
light comes on (if so equipped) and seat switch will
automatically shut engine off.
1 7.
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.
Raise toggle to turn lights on. lower toggle to turn
lights off. On 308, 3 1 0, 3 1 2, and 4 1 4 models, lights
will work only when engine is running. On 4 1 6 and
4 1 7 models, lights work only when ignition switch is
in Run position.
lS.
1 9.
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RANGE SELECTOR (S-Speed Models)
HOUR METER
(312,416, 8. 4 1 7 Models)
20.
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Hour meter is a gage indicating operated hours of
tractor.
MOTION CONTROL LEVER
(Automatic Models)
DIAL-A�HITE(41 4-S,A1 6-S Models)
Dial-A-Hite control is used to hold an attachment
(other than a mower) at a desired height above
ground. Turn knob left or right to limit forward travel
of lift lever.
21.
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Push motion control lever ahead to move tractor
forward. Pull lever back to move tractor in reverse.
Move lever to neutral (center) position to stop. Brake
pedal returns lever to neutral position for dynamic
braking. Control lever varies ground speed and pul­
ling power of tractor independent of engine speed.
To increase ground speed, move lever away from
neutral. Increase pulling power by moving lever to­
ward neutral. Neutral position is provided with a
detent type stop to give a 'perceptible feel' as con­
trol lever passes through neutral.
IGNITION SWITCH
Ignition switch has three positions from left to right:
( 1 ) Off, (2) Run, (3) Start. To start engine turn key all
the way right to Start position. Release key when en­
gine starts and it will automatically return to Run
position. When switch is turned to Off position,engine
stops and all electrical accessories are turned off.
Select either high or low range by moving range
selector lever right or left to position as indicated on
range selector decal. low range provides a 4 to 1
speed reduction and greater pulling power for mov­
ing heavy loads in any forward or reverse speed. Do
not use a mid-point position for neutral. Neutral must
be selected with gear shift lever.
1 3.
LIGHT SWITCH
H
GEAR SHIFr LEVER (S-Speed· Models)
Select any forward or reverse speed by moving
lever to position as indicated on shift pattern decal.
1 2.
HYDRAULIC LIFT (41 7-A Model)
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11.
.
Pull hydraulic attachment lift lever back to lift
attachment. Release lever to hold attachment in po­
sition. Push lever forward to lower attachment. Neu­
tral position will hold attachment at any up or down
position. Always· lower attachments before leaving
tractor unattended.
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1 0.
TRANSMISSION CLUTCH LEVER
(Automatic· Models)
1 S.
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9.
PARKING BRAKE. LOCK LEVER
FUEL SHUT-OFF
VALVE (Not
,
. S hown)
.
.
.
"
.
'
.
Fuel shut-off valve is located on bottom of fuel
tank. Fuel shut-off valve is normally left open, except
. when service on fuel system becomes necessary.
- 6-
OPERATING YOUR TRACTOR
Turn ignition key clockwise until starter engages.
When engine starts, release key. Switch is spring load­
ed and will return to Run position automatically.
SAFETY INTERLOCK SYSTEM
Safety interlock system incorporates two switches,
for safe starting.
.
Two starting switches are actuated by left foot
pedal and PTO clutch control. If tractor will not start,
check that PTO clutch is disengaged and left foot pedal
is depressed. Indicator lights will be on, if so equip�
ped, and engine will not start unless both switches
are properly actuated. Tractor is also equipped with
a seat switch. This switch shuts off engine if indicator
light is on, if so equipped, and driver rises off seat
while PTO is engaged.
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If engine fails to start after 10 seconds of con­
tinuous cran king, turn key to OH position and
allow s tarter motor to cool. Check for cause of
hard starting; consult Troubleshooting Chec klist.
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Separate Throttle/Cho ke Controls: Once engine has
started, slowly return choke control to its normal po­
sition. If engine stalls at low speeds, or hesitates dur­
ing acceleration, choke should be applied as neces�
sary until engine reaches normal operating tempera�
ture.
Combined Throttle/Choke Controls: Once engine
has started, slowly return throttle/choke control
to Operate position. If engine stalls or hesitates during
operation, choke should be applied as necessary until
engine reaches normal operating temperature.
Automatic Transmission: When starting engine dur­
ing cold weather, be sure to follow special procedures
for warming up engine and transmission as described
under "Correct Automatic Transmission Operationll,
before placing tractor into operation.
CORRECT ENGINE OPERATION
&,CAUTION &.
&.
WARNING &.
Car e should b e taken.to avoid inhaling exhaust gases as they, contain carbon monoxide
. gas which is colorless and odorle
, ,ss. Carbon
mc;moxide is 0' dangerous gas ,that can cause "
,
unconsciousness and is potentially lethal.
Do not run engine in confined a
, reas such as
a closed garage.
STOPPING ENGINE
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,,
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B efore starting engine, b ecome familiar with
all controls. R ead this Operator's Manual thoroughly. Always check engine oil level b efore
starting. Always check transmission oil level
(automatic transmission models) b efore starting.
&,CAUTION &.
Always remove key and set par king brake
when leaving tractor unattendecl, even if for iust
a few minutes. Prevent accidents, don't -give
children or unauthorized persons an opportun ..
ity to operate this machine.
or
Because of a built�in safety interlock system, your
tractor will not start until clutch pedal is depressed
and PTO is disengaged. Indicator light(s) will be on,
if so equipped, when controls are not in correct posi�
fion for starting.
H
STARTING ENGINE
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.
To stop engine, return throttle lever to Idle position
and turn ignition key to Off position. If engine has
been working hard, or is hot, allow engine to idle a
short time before turning key off. This practice will
help to cool engine before stopping.
Note: I n case of emergency, engine may be stop�
ped by turning ignition key to Off position.
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On 3 1 0, 3 1 2, 4 1 4 and 4 1 6 models, engine is
equipped with a low oil safety switch and will not
allow engine to start when oil is low or out. Oil in�
dicator light will be on when oil is low or out of oil
and key switch is in start position.
THROTTLE CONTROL
Throttle control regulates speed of engine as mea­
sured in RPM (Revolutions Per Minute). This control
should not be used .to regulate ground speed of trac­
tor.
Engine in your new Wheel Horse has been designed
with a special governor that limits maximum RPM.
Governor allows engine to operate most efficiently
at a set speedr and protects it from damage caused
by excessive RPM. Always operate tractor with throttle
control set at % to full speed.
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On 417 models, engine is equipped with a low oil
pressure switch. Engine will start and run when light
flashes and oil pressure is low.
To start engine depress left foot pedal and dis�
engage PTO.
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Separate Throttle/Choke Controls : Move throttle
control lever about half way to Operate position. Pull
choke control aII the way to Cold position.
Combined Throttle/Choke Controls: Move throttle/
choke control lever to Choke position.
Engine M U ST be operating at a minimum of %
th rottl e when ev er tractor is in use. Using tractor
while engine is operating at l ess than % throttle
may result in ext ensive transmission damage on
automatic models, as w ell as poor overall tractor
p erformance on all models.
&'CAUTION &.
M echanical Transmission: Always place trans ..
mission g ear shift lever in n eutral position be­
fore attempting to start engine.
-
7
-
CHOKE CONTROL
Choke control activates a "butterfly" valve in car­
buretor. When choke is partially or completely closed,
less air is admitted to engine. This results in a higher
fuel�to-air (richer) mixture that is easier to ignite whe-n
engine is started cold. Warmer engines may not need
choking.
CORRECT AUTOMATIC
. TRANSMISSION OPERATION
During cold weather start engine with park ..
ing brake engaged and transmission clutch lever
disengaged. Run engine for at least two minutes
to allow engine to warmup; engage transmission
clutch with engine at full throttle. For tempera­
tures between 0° and 30°F ( 18° and -2'C ) al­
low transmission to run in neutral for 5 minutes
before attempting to set unit into motion. For
temperatures below O°F (_ 18°C) allow trans­
mission to run in neutral for 10 minutes before
attempting to set unit .in motion. Failure to do so
may result in extensive internal transmission
damage.
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WINTER OPERATION,
4 1 7 MODELS
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A special air intake system is used. A decal
on engine gives instructions on how to set up
air intake for winter use.
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Purpose of this system is to help prevent a
chance of carburetor ic'ing when tractor is op ..
erated in near-freezing, high humidity weather.
In Summer position outside air is drawn direct ..
Iy into air cleaner. In Winter posHion heated out ..
side air is drawn in from around muffler.
TO GO FORWARD
,&,CAUTION ,&,
Place air intake in Winter position at begin ..
ning of snow season. Return 'it to Summer posi ..
tion in Spring.
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Before tractor will move either forward or
backward, parking brake must be disengaged.
ALWAYS depress brake/return to neutral pedal
when disengaging parking brake.
FUEL SPECIFICATION
,&,CAUTION ,&,
Motion of your tractor is controlled by a single
"Motion Control lever". To go forward, simply push
lever forward. Farther forward lever is pushed, fast­
er tractor will go.
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Handle fuel with care - it is highly flam­
mable. Use only approved fuel container. Never
add fuel while engine is running. Fill fuel tank
outdoors with extreme care. Never fill fuel tank
indoors. Replace gasoline cap securely and wipe
up all spilled fuel.
,&,CAUTION ,&,
el
For safe operation, never mOve motion control
lever too rapidly, especially on grades.
By adjusting motion control lever,forward speed of
tractor can be regu.lated without adjusting engine
throttle control. For heavy pulling, moving control
lever toward neutral reduce.s tractor ground speed
and increases pulling power as shifting to a lower
gear with a mechanical transmission. .
,&,CAUTION ,&,
For safe operation, never move motion control
lever too rapidly, especially on grades.
By adjusting motion control lever, reverse speed of
tractor can be regulated without adjusting engine
throttle control.
TO STOP
m
To protect your tractor's engine,. check oil level be­
fore each use. On 3 1 0, 3 1 2, 4 1 4 and 4 1 6 models,
engine is equipped with a low oil safety switch and
will not allow engine to start when oil is low or out.
Oil indicator light will be on when oil is low or out of
oil and key switch is in start position.
On 4 1 7 models, engine is equipped with a low oil
pressure switch. Engine will start and run when light
flashes and oil pressure is low.
Complete information concerning recommended
oils and how to check oil level is given in "Maintain­
ing Your Tractor" section of this manual.
To reverse motion of tractor, return motion control
lever to neutral position, and pull lever back. Farther
back lever is pulled,faster tractor will go in reverse.
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OIL SPECIFICATION
TO GO BACKWARD
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When tractor requires refueling, fill tank with a
good grade (85 octane minimum) of regular gasoline.
Leaded or unleaded regular may be used. Do not
intermix regular and unleaded gasolines. Do not mix
oil with gasoline. Use of gasohol fuel is not recom�
mended 'by either of these engine manufacturers.
In general, use of unleaded fuel will reduce build­
up of combustion deposits in engine and contributes
to long valve life. It is suggested that leaded regular
gasoline be used for first 25 hours of operation,while
piston rings are seating,and unleaded fuel thereafter.
or
H
For convenience and to minimize chance of
fuel spills, it is recommended that a large funnel
be used when refueling tractors with underseat
fuel tanks.
Stopping tractor from either forward or reverse
direction can be achieved by one of two methods:
-8-
1.
Return motion control lever to its neutral posi­
tion.
2.
Depress brake pedal.
Activating brake pedal automatically returns mOM
tion control lever to its neutral position and applies a
mechanical brake. Brake pedal will hold motion con�
trol lever in neutral position. Pedal must be released
before motion control lever can be moved either for­
ward or back.
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Tractor is stopped by a IIdynamic brakingll action
inside hydrostatic transmission and a mechanical
brake. 4 17-A model tractor is free to roll (at a very
slow speed) when transmission is in neutral. ThereM
fore, always depress brake pedal when tractor is
stopped on unlevel terrai n . Although 3 12-A models
will tend to remain stationary in neutral even when
brake is released, use of brake is recommended to
ovoid accidental movement when stopped on unrevel
terrain.
HAND PUSHING TRACTOR
Hand push tractor only. Do not tow. Towing
can cause severe damage to hydrostatic trans ..
mission.
TO CHANGE SPEEDS OR DIRECTION.
When a change in ground speed or direction is re­
quired, a lways bring tractor to a complete halt by
depressing both clutch and brake pedals.
Never attempt to shift gears with unit in mo­
tion. Severe internal transmission damage may
result.
Change gear shift lever or range selector (8-Speed
only) as desired. Approximate ground speed for each
gear is shown in Specifications Section in front of this
manual.
It is not necessary or recommended to shift "-U pll
or "downll through gears with tractor in motion. Trac­
tor has sufficient power to move out in a selected
gear with a heavy load attached, a lower gear should
be used.
TO STOP
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Automatic transmission tractors can be pushed at
a slow speed. To do this, disengage transmission
clutch lever and move motion control lever fully for­
wardi tractor will then move when pushed.
To stop tractor, depress clutch pedal then brake
pedal. Clutch pedal must be depressed fully before
brake pedal is depressed.
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When stopping tractor always depress clutch
pedal first, then brake pedal. Depressing brake
without clutch may cause excessive brake lining
wear, or extensive internal transmission dam­
age. Depressing clutch pedal without depressing
brake pedal W ILL NOT STOP T R ACTOR.
CORRECT MECHANICAL
. TRANSMISSION OPERATION
TO GO FORWARD OR REVERSE
&CAUTION &
&CAUTION &
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Always release clutch pedal slowly when
starting tractor in motion. Sudden starts can be
damaging to equipment and could cause loss of
operator control.
or
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With engine ru nning, depress both clutch and brake
pedals. Move range selector (8-Speed Only) to either
High or low position. Move gear shift lever to desired
speed forward, or to reverse. Gear shift decal identi­
fies various speeds. Release brake pedal. Slowly re­
lease clutch pedal. As clutch pedal is released, tractor
will begin to move.
-9-
CORRECT TRACTOR USAGE
&CAUTION &
300, 400-SERIES ATTACHMENT
MOUNTING
Read the manuals provided with the attach­
ments before operating. The manuals give a
more detailed description of operation and point
out other areas of caution.
Familiarize yourself thoroughly with the
equipment before attempting to use it.
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HITCHES
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Tach-a-matic front and mid hitches are provided
for easy i nstallation and removal of attachments
without tools.
Rear mounted attachments are secured to tractor's
rear drawbar hitch, or to a special hitch supplied with
attachment or available as optional equipment.
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200·SERIES ATTACHMENT
MOUNTING
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200-Series attachments are designed for easy instal­
lation and removal. Rear guide pin on mower is con­
nected to tractor and is leveled in transport position
as shown in photos below. (Owner's Manual supplied
with mower may show an earlier mounting method,
which should be disregarded.) Refer to manual sup·
plied with each attachment for complete mounting
and adjustment i nstructions.
To install attachments make sure hitch latch is i n
released posHion - to do this, push i n on lock release
pin; move latch lever so latch is open and release
lock pin to hold latch in open position. Insert and
center attachment shaft i n hitch slots and move
latch toward closed position until release pin snaps
outward.
Removal of attachment is done by pushing i n on
lock release pin, which allows latch to be moved to
open position.
Note:
or
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For specific i nstallation and removal instruc­
tions refer to attachment instructions.
Mower Guide Pin Installation (2oo-Series)
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Fron! and Mid Attachment Hitches (300, 400-5eries)
ADJUSTMENT BOLT&
JAM NUT
I . RAISE MOWER.
2. TURN ONE ADJUSTMENT BOLT AGAINST FRONT
AXLE UNTIL MOWER IS LEVEL
3. FINGER TIGHTEN OTHER BOLT AGAINST AXLE.
TIGHTEN JAM NUTS.
�.. .
Remove hairpin cotter from trunnion and re­
move trunnion out of top plate; this step is
usually necessary only when tractor is new.
2.
Remove clevis pin from clutch shaft and devis.
,a;l; 1!E;!,L
m
•
1.
3 . Move top plate forward to move rod nousing
away from engine, enabling clevis to dear
clutch shaft; swing clutch rod housing (yoke) to
front or rea r.
/� MOWER BELT TENSION
•
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ATTACHMENT BELTS
Front & Mid Mount Attachments
4.
Install attachment belt.
5.
Line clutch rod housing (yoke) up with clutch
shaft. Move top plate rearward. line up clevis
with hole in clutch shaft and install clevis pin.
6. Insert trunnion i n top plate and secure with
hairpin cotter.
. Mower Transport Level Adjustment (2oo-5eries)
- 10 -
Rear Mount Attachments
Rear mounted power driven attachments may re­
quire that one strand of drive belt run OUTSIDE rod
housing. To install this belt on PTO, follow preceding
steps 1 -3. Next, remove large hairpin cotter at bottom
of rod housing which will permit it to slide down and
out of top plate. Attachment belt can then be instal­
led over top end of housing. Reassemble PTO.
dition of wheel weights and tire chains will minimiZe
rear tire slippage. A rear weight box is available for
use on 200-Series tractors only. All front tires may be .
fluid filled. Rear tires may be fluid filled on 400-Series
tractors only.
WITH A MOWER (All Models)
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WARNING
.&.
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Keep all shields and mower discharge chute
in place. Never put hands or feet under mower
deck. Never attempt to clear discharge areas or
mower blades without disengaging PTO clutch
and removing ignition key.
.
.
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For best operation on average lawns, operate en�
gine at full throttle while controlling ground speed
with transmission. Tractor should be operated at 2
to 3.5 MPH (3.2 to 5.6 KMH)* while mowing grass.
Uneven cutting is often a result of excessive ground
speed. To correct, reduce ground speed with trans­
mission. Average lawns are usually cut at a height
between 2 and 3 in. (5-7.6 em). Tali grass and weeds
shculd be cut with mower in its highest position, mak­
ing a second pass cutting at height desired.
300, 400-Series Power Take-Off (PTO) '
Always keep mower blades sharp.
Sharp edges of mower blades can cut you
during blade maintenance or adiustment. Use
suitable covering over cutting edges of blade to
prevent bodily harm.
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&CAUTION .&.
WITH A SNOWTHROWER (All Models)
H
,&,CAUTION .&.
Thoroughly inspect area where snowthrower
is to be used. Remove all door mats, sleds,
boards and other foreign objects. Never make
any adjustments while engine is running. Never
try to clear chute while engine is running.
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or
300, 400-Series
Front/Mid Attachment Belt Installation
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Snow removal will vary g reatly with condition of
each snowfall. light fluffy snow will be cleared with
ease. Heavy wet snow will be more difficult. It is ad­
visable to coat auger and chute with a light coat of
wax or paraffin to keep snow from sticking. Best re­
sults are usually attained when tractor ground speed
is set at 1 to 2 MPH (1 .6 to 3.2 KMH). *
Experience will teach you not to throw snow into
wind.
m
Care should be exercised whenever snow thrower
is engaged. ' Auger is capable of picking up sticks,
stones and other foreign obiects and expelling them
with great velocity. Always aim discharge chute away
from persons or obiects subiect to harm.
300, 4oo-Series Rear Attachment Belt Installation
OPERATION OF THE TRACTOR:
Because of sufficient tractor engine power no prob­
lems should be encountered using attachments under
. normal conditions. On rough, hilly, or wet terrain, ad-
Tire chains and wheel weights, plus rear weight box
on 200�Series tractors, are recommended when using
a snowthrower.
"Average walking speed is 2.5 MPH (4 KMHJ.
- 11 -
WITH A SNOW BLADE (200-Series)
Front end snow blade is used for snow remova l.
Care should be taken a n d a slow ground speed should
be maintained whenever blade is used. Impact with
a solid obiect may result in injury to operator and/or
damage to blade.
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Tire chains, wheel weights and rear weight box
may be added to improve rear tire traction.
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WITH A DOZER OR GRADER BLADE
(300, 400-Series)
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Although front end dozer blade is generally used
for snow removal, it can also be used for moving d irt,
sand or gravel. Care should be taken and a slow
ground speed should be maintained whenever blade
is used. Impact with a solid object may result in injury
to operator and/or damage to blade.
Grader blades are generally preferred for leveling
sand, dirt or gravel. Operation of these blades is sim­
ilar to that of a dozer blade. Rear mount grader
blades may require special hitches; consult your deal­
er for proper hitch(es) required for your tractor.
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On 400-Series tractors only, front wheel weights
may be used to increase front wheel traction. Rear
wheel weights and tire chains may also be used to
increase rear wheel traction on both 300 and 400Series tractors.
1. Use a tiller, which will prepare soil in one op­
eration.
2. Use a plow to turn ground, a disc to break u p
large clumps, a n d a harrow to pu lverize and
smooth soil.
Plows are classified by width of furrow they will
turn. Generally, plows are set to cut 4 to 6 in. (1015.2 em) deep.
A disc is used immediately after plowing. Disc will
break large clumps of soil.
After discing, generally, a spike tooth harrow is
dragged over soil. Spike tooth harro� helps pulverize
soil and levels seed bed. Soil should now be ready
for planting.
Cu ltivator is used during growing season to help
remove unwanted weeds, and to help aerate plant
roots. Generally, width of cultivator is taken into con­
sideration before planting seed bed to insure cultivat­
or fitting between rows without damaging crop roots.
WITH OTHER ATTACHMENTS (All Models)
There are numerous other special-purpose attach­
ments available, which greatly increase tractor's ver­
satility. Attachment can be a "completely self-contain­
ed system (front bucket loader), one that is . used along
with another attachment (lawn vacuum), or one" in­
tended for operator comfort (snow cab). These attach­
ments are custom designed for a particular tractor
model, but many others simply use tractor as a tow­
ing vehicle. They are attached or removed from trac­
tor by installation or removal of a single drawbar
hitch pin. Some of these attachments are powered by
a separate gasoline engine, some are ground driven
and some are simply towed such as dump cart.
In any case, all " these attachments should be ap­
proached with same amount of caution given any
mechanical device. Always read each Operafing In­
struction Manual carefully before attempting to use
attachment. Keep children and pets away from vehicle
when in operation. Never a llow any unauthorized
personnel to operate equipment.
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WITH A TILLER (All Models)
There are two methods of preparing a seed bed
for planting.
Wheel Horse tiller does an excellent job of prepar­
ing gardens for planting.
starts to push tractor, shut tiller off
immediately by disengaging PTO clutch.
Your authorized Wheel Horse dealer can assist you
with selecting attachments for use with your tractor.
se
Rear wheel weights and cleat tires (300, 400-Series)
or tire chains will reduce pushing effect of tiller. Front
weights may be used on 400-Series tractors to help
improve steering control.
or
If tiller
& CAUTION &
H
el
Caution should be exercised when tilling virgin
ground or clay as tiller may have a tendency to push
tractor. This can be corrected by raising tiller with
attachment lift so tiller penetrates only very top of
soil. Tiller can be lowered to its full depth on follow­
ing passes.
DUMP CART LOAD LIMITS
Wheel Horse recommends following load limits
be observed when using rider with a dump cart.
Load limits have been set to provide for safe
braking on slopes.
Do not over-till soil. Soil tilled excessively will not
hold water, and will compact easily.
200-Series - 150 Ibs. (69kg)
300, 400-Series - 275 Ibs. (l27kg)
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Slowing tractor's ground speed will improve ag­
gressive action of tiller. Best results are usually at­
tained when tractor ground speed is set at less than
1.0 MPH (1.6 KMH).*
m
WITH A PLOW, DISC, CULTIVATOR,
OR HARROW (400-Series)
Plows and disc require maximum tractor efficiency.
Cleat tires, or tire chains, as well as wheel weights
increase rear tire traction. Front wheel weights add
fa steering control of tractor.
Some of these attachments require special rear
hitches. Consult your dealer for proper h itch(es) re­
quired for your tractor.
• A verage walking speed is 2.5 MPH (4 KMH).
- 12 -
MAINTAINING YOUR TRACTOR
ENGINE
&CAUTION &
Oil Quality
To minimize chance of iniury, perform all
maintenance and adjustments on your tractor
with engine off and ignition key removed, unless
instructed otherwise in this se ction. Use extreme
care when working near operating ma chinery.
Do n ot wear loose fiHing clothing. Remove watch
and jewelry before beginning work and o bserve
common safet y practices when using tools.
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For maximum engine protection under all operati ng
conditions use API Service Classification SC, SD, SE,
or SF oil in t.ractors ' equipped with Briggs & Stratton
or Kohler engines. These letters may appear on oil
can si ngularly or i n combitlOtion with other letters.
Oil Level
MAINTENANCE CHECKLIST
NOTE: Service intervals shown are
considered MAXIMUM under nor·
mal operating conditions. Increase
frequency under extremely dirty or
dusty conditions.
..
•
..
�
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Q
SC
;
:r
•
:r
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�
X
0
•
0
:r
0
•
�
'"
�
'"
�
:r
•
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X
0
•
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�
i
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Form a habit of checking oil level regularly.
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Check oil level of engine every time tractor is
used. An improper oil level can cause extensive
internal damage to engine.
�
Oil filler plug/ dipstick' and oil drain locations for
all engines are illustrated in following photos and
drawings.
�
0
0
X
0
•
"-
0
•
•
.0(
•
Q
•
To check engine oil levet stop tractor where engine
is level. Shut off engine, set parking brake, a n d re­
move ignition key.
B
•
SERVICE OPERAT ION
he
Remove oil check and fi ll plug from right side of
engine block by turning it counterclockwise. Add oil
to bring oil level to top of fi ll tube, jf necessary .
X
X
Tr ansaxle Oil Level (')
X
X
Chclnge Engine Oil (l )
X
Inspect Spark Plug(s)
Oil Filter(S)
Replace Fuel Filte r (' )
.
SAF E
RA NGE
X
I ·
X
X
X
(.�
X
Inspect/Replace Breaker Points
200-Series & 308-8 Model - Not Applicable
310, 312, 414, 416, 4 17-Models .... Every 500 Hours
Adjustments
Special ,Cleaning Instructions
Recommended Dealer Maintenance
(1) Refer to text for initial service intervol for new tractors.
(2) Whichever occurs first.
(3) As applicable.
(4) 312·A Models (Automatic Only).
(5) 417-A Model Only.
Correct Oil Level - Engines with Dipsticks
m
Refe r to Engine O wner's Manual for
Appli cable Information Concerning :
DO NOT
E XC E E D
FULL
MARK
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Re place Aulo. Trans.
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X
Chan ge Aulo. Trans . Oil (S)
CHECK O i l
X
lubricate Ch assis
Replace Ai r Filter
Remove oil dipstick from engine.
or
X
EN G I N ES WITH O IL D I PSTICKS
H
Tire Pressures
All Fasfeners in Place & Ti g ht
Clean:
Engine Cooling Fi ns
Air Filler
EN G I N ES W IT H O IL C H EC K A N D F ILL PL U GS
.
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Check:
Engine Oil Level
X
Ballery Water Level
X
.
Auto. Trans. Oil Level
X
General Condition of Tractor X
8-Speed Trans. Oil Level
Wipe dipstick with a clean lint free rag; i nsert it
into filler tube or engine block as far as it will go.
Remove dipstick again and read scale 6n lower por�
tion of stick.
Add oil through dipstick opening (except 417 mod­
els" jf necessary. A separate oil fi ll tube is used on
417 model engines, located just forward from oil dip.
stick tube. Turn cap counterclockwise to remove it.
- 13 -
Never overfill engine crankcase with oil. Oil
level must not exceed "FH level on dipstic k.
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Be sure to add same viscosity oil as is presently i n
engine. New tractors are shipped with SAE 30 oil i n
crankcase. I t may be necessary to change origi nal oil
before using tractor in cold weather.
Single Cylinder 308-Series Oil Check and Fill
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208-Series Oil Fill and Drain Plugs
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Single Cylinder 3 10, 3 12 , 4 14, 4 16-Model
Oil Check and Fill
2 1 1-Series Oil Fill and Drain
om
O I L D R A IN
4 17 -Series Dipstick, Filler Plug and Oil Drain
Single Cylinder 300, 400-Series Oil Drain
- 14 -
Air Filter
Oil Changes
Engine oil in a new tractor should be changed after
first 2 hours of operation. Thereafter, oil should be
changed at 25 operating hour i ntervals. If operating
conditions are extremely dusty or dirty, frequency of
oil changes should be increased.
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Failure to change engine oil at recommended
intervals can lead t o serious damage t o engine.
This is especially true when using detergent oils
which are designed t o h old impurities in suspen ..
sion; when saturation point is reached, oil may
suddenly break dow n t o form a gelat in-like sub­
stance which seriously impairs and can even
stop flow of oil. Increase frequency of oil. and oil
filter changes if tract or is operated under ex ..
tremely dusty c onditions.
Before changing oil, start engine and allow it to
warm up. This will allow oil to flow more freely.
Shut engine off and remove key.
Open oil drain. locations of oil drain plugs are
shown in /lOil level section of this manual. After oil
has drained completely reinstall drain plug or cap as
applicable.
Remove oil filler plug or dipstick and add about
80% of amount of oil specified in following chart.
Also shown are charts for selecting correct oil type
and oil viscosity. When using temperature�viscosity
chart, select air temperature most likely to be en�
countered within next 25 hours of operation.
II
EN G I N E O I L C HA N G E
Crankcase
Oil Capacity
quarts
quarts
quarts
quarts
(1.0
(1.2
(1.9
(1.4
liters)
liters)
liters)
liters)
ENG I N E O I L T EM P ERA T U R E - VISCOSITY CHART
Briggs & Stra Hon Engi ne
Air Temperature
2. Gasket surfaces of element must be flat against
back plate and cover to seal effectively.
3.
'
4. Be sure cover seals and gaskets, where usedl are
in good condition and will seal properly. Bad
gaskets and seals can let unfiltered air into car­
buretor.
SAE 30
To prevent any dirt or other c ontaminates from
ente 'ring engine, always c over ca rburetor air
h orn when air cleaner is re moved.
SCREWS
SAE 10W-30, 10W·40
SAE 3 0
SAE 5W-20, 5W-30
FIBER WASHER
Engine
Kohler
Briggs & Stratton
EN G I N E O I L TYPE
}
AP I Service SC,
SO, SE, or SF
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*If not available, a synthetic oil with a viscosity' of 5W�20, 5W·30
or 5W·40 may be used.
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SAE 5W·20, 5W-30*
K ohler Engine
Above 32°F (OOC)
Below 32°F (O°C)
Wing nut(s) must be finger tight-d on t ove rtighten.
Tighten screws securely.
or
Oil Viscosity
Above 4 0 ° F (4°C)
0 ° to 100°F
( - 18° to 38°C)
Below 20°F ( - 6°C)
Back plate must be securely tightened to car�
buretor. Replace back plate if bent or cracked.
H
.
1 \I,
1%
2
1 y,
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el
208
............. .................. .
308 ....... . ................................. .
3 10, 3 12, 414, 416 ............... .
2 1 1, 417 .................. ............
Check following when installing a new or serviced
element:
he
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Tractor
Model
Dirt induced through improperly installed, poorly
serviced, or inadequate air filter elements, is more
often cause of a worn out engine than long hours of
operation. A small amount of dirt will destroy a set
of piston rings in a m'atter of hours. A dogged element
causes a richer fuel mixture which wastes gasoline,
and may lead to forming harmful sludge deposits.
Clean engine air filter after every 25 hours of
operation (more often if tractor is operated under
extremely dusty conditions).
Replace dry type filter elements at 100 hour i nter­
vals, or once a year, whichever comes first. Foam
type elements may be serviceable for more than 100
hours or one year of operation, provided element
shows no sign of deterioration and can still be clean�
ed satisfactorily. As with cleaning fjlter, replacement
intervals must be shortened when operating under
extremely dusty conditions. To protect engine, use
only manufacturer's replacement filter, or replace�
ment filters with equivalent specifications.
After adding 80% of prescribed amount of oil,
check oil level. Add oil as necessary to bring oil to
"Full" level i n single cylinder 200�Series engines or
into IISafe" range o n d ipstick.
NEVER overfill engine crankcase with oil. Oil
level must n ot exceed "FII level on dipstick.
2 1 1-5, 2 1 1-6 Air Cleaner
- 15 -
2 1 1 ·5, 2 1 1·6 Mod els: On 1 1 HP engine, air is drawn
from inside to outside of filter element. When check­
ing filter, be sure to inspect inside of element to deterw
mine jf it needs replacement.
Wipe off air cleaner cover(s) and backing plate,
taking care to prevent any dirt from entering car­
buretor.
Wash foam element in a solution of liquid deter­
gent and water. Wrap foam in a clean cloth and
squeeze dry. Saturate element i n clean " engine all and
squeeze to remove excess oil.
Reassemble air cleaner and reinstall
Be sure gaskets are in good condition
When assembling, make certain lip of
extends over edge of air cleaner body.
will form a protective seal.
on carburetor.
and in place.
foam element
Foam element
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3001 400 Series: Dry type air filter element is clean­
ed by tapping it lightly on a flat surface to remove
loose dirt particles. Replace element if dirt does not
drop off easily. DO NOT wash elements in liquid. Do
not attempt to blow dirt off with compressed air as
this can pu ncture filter element.
Foam precleaners are used over filter elements on
some engines. Clean preclean.er a t 2 5 hour intervals,
when air cleaner is serviced. Wash precleaner in a
solution of liquid dishwashing detergent and water.
Squeeze out excess water and allow it to dry. Sat­
u rate precleaner in engine oi" then squeeze out ex­
cess oil and install precleaner on element.
208.3, 2 1 1·3 Mod els: To service foam air filter, re­
move two screws and lift off complete air cleaner
assembly. Remove screen and spacers from foam
element and remove element from body of air cleaner.
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PRECLEANER
Spacers
D R Y TYPE ELEMENT
�mi@o_ e
SPACER
CARBURETOR
AIR INTAKE
TO CUTOUT IN
BLOWER HOUSING
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30B·Series Air Cleaner
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I
208·3 Air Cleaner
ELEMENT
/
II
BODY
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21 1·3 Air Cl eaner
PRE CLEANER'
, NOT USED ON ALL MODELS
3 1 0, 3 1 2, 414, 416, 41 7·Series Air Cleaner (Typical)
- 16 -
Spark Plug(s)
cases, special tools. In addition, other adiustments
affecting engine timing may be necessary after reM
placing or adjusting breaker points. For these reasons,
it is suggested that ignition system service be per­
formed by an authodzed dealer.
Engine misfire, or generally poor operation, is often
caused by spark plug(s) in poor conditio n or with in�
correct spark gap setting. Spark plug(s) should be
checked after each 1 00 hours of operation. Replace a
spark plug if i nspection reveals fouling or excessive
deterioration.
Carburetor Adjustment
Always clean area around spark plug before re�
moving it to prevent dirt from entering engine. Use a
spark plug wrench to remove and install plug(s).
Always check spark plug gap before installing new
plug(s) or reinstalling orignial plug(s). Use a spark
plug gap gauge ,to adjust electrode air gap to speciM
fleation for engine.
Correct carburetor adjustment requires a significant
amount of knowledge as well as special equipment,
such as a good tachometer. In addition, other adiust�
ments, such as governor settings, may also be neces�
sary after adiusting carburetor. For these reasons, it is
suggested that carburetor adjustments be performed
by an authorized dealer.
w
Replace spark plugs that are not in good condition.
Carburetors are adiusted at factory and should not
have to be reset. If a condition is noted as outlined in
following "Carburetor Adjustment Chart", carburetor
should be readiusted immediately. Continued ope raM
tion with incorrect carburetor settings can lead to
fouled spark plugs, overheating, excessive valve wear
or other problems. If black exhaust smoke is noted,
check air cleaner first - an 'Joverrichll mixture is
usually caused by a poorly serviced, clogged air
cleaner element, not an i mproperly adjusted carM
buretor.
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Check condition of plug(s). Good operating condi­
tions are indicated by a light coating of gray or tan
deposit. A dead white, blistered coating could indicate
engine overheating. A black coating could indicate an
"overrich" fuel mixture caused by a dogged air
cleaner, or i mproper carburetor adiustment.
Never sandblast, w ire brush, scrape or reinstall spark
plugs in poor condHion. Best results are obtained w ith
new plugs.
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Plug Gap
Tractor M odel
200-Series
4 1 7-Series
308 Model
3 1 0, 3 1 2, 4 1 4, 4 1 6 Models
......
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .--.
_. . _. . . . . . . .-
.
. . . . ._. . . . . . .
. . . . . . _ . -. . . . . . . .
...............
in.
in.
in.
in.
(.8
(.6
(.6
(.9
mm)
mm)
mm)
mm)
CO NDITION
A.
he
........ _ . . . . . . .--. . .
.030
.025
.025
.035
........._..
Breaker Points and Condenser
POSS I B LE CA US E/P ROBABLE R EM EDY
A.
B.
C.
D.
fuel
fuel
fuel
idle
fuel
needle.
needle.
needle.
adjust­
needle
or
Carburetor Adjustment Chart
Fuel Filter
se
Condition and adiustment of breaker points greatly
affects engine operation. If point surfaces are burned
or badly oxidized, little or n o current will pass; as a
result, engine may not operate at all, or if it does run,
it is likely to "missll, particularly at full throttle. An
improper engine breaker point gap can also result
in erratic engine operation, since an incorrect gap
changes ignition timing.
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On 3 1 0, 3 1 2, 41 4, 4 1 6, 4 1 7 Models, a fine-mesh
screen type stra iner is i ncorporated into fitting at
bottom of fuel tank, which filters foreign matter from
gasoline before it reaches carburetor. This strainer
normally requires service only if fuel supply becomes
severely contaminated.
breaker points should be i nspected, cleaned,
reset at intervals shown in Maintenance
Points that are In poor condition due to
pitting or burning should be replaced.
On 200�Series and 308 Model, engines have an in­
line fuel filter, located near carburetor. This filter
should be replaced after each 1 00 hours of operation
or at 1 year intervals, whichever occurs first.
m
Primary function of condenser is to m i nimize a rc­
ing across breaker points. Under normal operating
conditions, a small amount of metal transfer (pitting)
will occur between point surfaces. If condenser fails,
excessive pitting or burning of points will occur over
a short period of time. A shorted condenser grounds
ignition system and results i n no output voltage to
fire spark plug(s). Condenser is usually replaced each
time breaker points are changed.
Always clean area around fuel cap before remov­
ing it to prevent excessive amounts of dirt from enter­
ing fuel system. Also insure that fuel storage contain­
er you are using is clean and in good condition.
Fuel filter gives only limited protection against
moisture in fuel system. Keep fuel tank full during
winter operation, when cold a'n d damp weather Con­
ditions can cause moisture to condense in tank.
Access to breaker points requires a significant
amount of disassembly on some engines and, in some
-
Mixture too rich - readjust main
Mixture too lean - readjust main
Mixture too.. lea n ' - readjust main
Idle speed too low or improper
ment - readjust speed then idle
if needed.
H
Following information does not apply to 200MSeries
and 308 Mode! tractors, which have an engine with
breakerless electronic ignition. This system requires no
maintenance.
' Engine
and gap
Checklist.
excessive
D.
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Tighten spark plug(s) to:
200-Series, 4 1 7 Model - 1 5 ft. Ibs. ( 2 0 Nm)
308, 3 1 0, 3 1 2, 4 1 4, 4 1 6 Models - 22 ft. Ibs. (30 Nm)
B.
C"
Black, sooty ex h aust smoke, engine sluggish.
Engine misses and backfires at high speed
Engine starts� sputters an d dies ·under cold
we9ther starting.
Engine runs rough or stalls at idle speed.
17
-
CHARGING AND
ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS
B A T T E RY
-....�... :1--7A�077-:;\lV"-"" �J
�
Alternator
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An alternator is used to c har'ge battery. Alternator
charging system normally requires no service other
than periodically checking all exposed wiring and
electrical connections on tractor are clean, tight and
i n good condition.
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Proper polarity is critical with an alternator
equi pped charging s ystem. Always disconnect
battery ground cable (negat ive) before working
on any part of the electrical s ystem. Verify all
components are connected correctly before re ..
connecting ground cable (negative) or damage
to a lternator system components will result.
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3 10, 3 12, 414, 416 Model Fuse Locations
BATTERY
r--n----,�rm
=======�
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Never run engine if battery is removed, or if
battery is not connected to charging s ystem.
Serious damage to charging s ysem components
may result.
Main Fuse
....�;;:::­
..
F U S E W I T H W I R E C O N N E C T E D ""'
TO BATTERY IS MAIN FUSE
he
A 25 amp (416, 4 17-Models) or a 15 a mp (200Series & 308, 3 10, 3 12, 414-Models) automotive type
ATO or ACT fuse is used to protect main circuit of
electrical system. Fuse locations are shown below.
FUSE WITH WIRE
TO BATTERY IS MAIN FUSE
417 Model Fuse Locations
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Light Circuit and Fuse
200-Series Fuse Location
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200'Series ; 308, 3 10, ' 3 12, 4 1 4 Models: Electrical
system has a separate circuit for operati ng lights.
Alternator output for this circuit is ALTERNATING CUR­
RENT (A.C.). For this reason lights will not operate
without engine running. A fuse is not used in this
light circuit. Never interconnect A.C. lighf circuit and
D.C. battery circuit as this may result in serious dam­
age to charging system.
416, 417-Models: light circuit is powered by bat­
tery. lights will operate when ignition switch is in Run
position. A 15 amp a utomotive type ATO or ATe fuse
is part of light circuit. Fuse holder is next to main
fuse holde·r (See preceding IIMain fusell).
Voltmeter and Hour Meter Fuse
200 ..Series: Meter circuits are
(See preceding liMa in Fusell).
protected
by main fuse
m
3 10, 3 12, 4 1 4-Models: Meter circuits are protected
by a 5 amp automotive type ATO or ATC fuse located
next to main fuse (See preceding liMa in Fusell).
4 16, 417-Models: Meter circuits are protected by
light circuit 15 amp auomotive type ATO or ATe fuse
located next to main fuse (See preceding "Main Fuse").
Electric Lift Fuse
308 Model Fuse Location
4 17-8 Model: lift circuit is protected by a 20 amp
automotive type ATO or ATe fuse located next to light
circuit fuse. (See preceding I/Main Fuse").
- 18 -
Battery
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION
Oil Quality
& CA U T I O N &
When servicing battery or any other part of
electrical system, or if battery must be removed
for any reason, always disconnect negative
(ground) cable F I RST and reconnect it LAST to
avoid possibility of electrical shorts.
417·A MODEL:
Hydrostatic transmission requires 1 0W�30 or l OW
�40 premium quality motor oil.
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3 12 ·A MODEL:
Hydrostatic transmission requires a straight SAE 20
weight premium quality motor oil API Service Clas�
sification SC, SO, SE or SF. Transaxle requires 1 0W-30
or 1 0W·40 premium quality motor oil.
Oil Level
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This paragraph does not pertain to a "Maintenance
Free Battery." Maintain electrolyte level above plates
in each cell by adding distilled water as necessary.
Best time to add water is iust prior to operating tractor
so water will mix with solution. Do not overfill battery.
EI�ctrolyte solution is corrosive and overfilling can
cause damage to surrounding metal parts. Battery
should be maintained at 1 .265 specific gravity charge.
When battery has been out of tractor for servicing,
take care to c�:mnect cables to battery exqctly as they
were before removel.
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Electrolyte level on 200·Series tractors can be
inspected if a mirror and light are used. To add
water, disconnect battery ground cable and re ..
move battery hold down. Battery can then be
slid out enough to permit adding water.
he
For longest service life, battery should be kept clean
by wiping it off with a paper towel. Any corrosion
around battery terminals should be removed by apply­
ing a solution of one part baking soda to four parts
water. A light coating of grease may be applied to all
exposed terminal surfaces to prevent corrosion.
417·A Model Automatic Transmission Dipstick
417·A MODEL:
el
Lubricant level should be checked before each use.
Dipsitck is located in a fjller tube coming up from
transmission. Dipstick is marked for COLD oil. Remove
dipstick and wipe- clean with a clean lint free rag.
Replace dipstick and remove again. Oil level should
be maintained between /IF" and ilL" levels on dipstick.
Never operate tractor with oil BELOW or ABOVE marks
on dipstick. Add oil as necessary. Replace dipstick
making sure it is fully seated in filler tube.
or
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At temperatures below 32 °F (0 °C), full charge
state must be maintained to prevent cell elec ..
trolyte from freezing and causing permanent
baHery damage.
Use care to prevent dirt, clippings or other
foreign material from entering transmission dur ..
ing oil level checks, oil fillings, or oil changes.
Light Bulb Replacement
CHECK O i l
Either sealed beam headlamp unit is replaced by
first disconnecting both terminal wires. Note way
head lamp is installed, then carefully remove bolt and
retainer to release head lamp.
<
To replace i ndicator light bulb, remove circuit
board from dash panel and pull bulb off circuit
board. Push new bulb on circuit board and reinstall
circuit board on dash panel.
-
DO NOT
E XCEE D
FULL
MARK
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SAFE
RA NG E
To replace a tail light bulb, pry lens off with a
screwdriver. A slot is located at each end of lens for
this purpose. If bulb has a metal socket, push bulb
down and turn counterclockwise to remove it. If bulb
has a plastic socket, simply pull bulb straight out.
Tail light bulbs are automotive # 1 895 (metal base)
or # 1 94 (all g lass).
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Headlight and tail light bulbs (on models so
equipped) are replaced as described below. Care
should be taken when handling bulbs, particularly if
they are broken.
417·A Model - Correct Transmission Oil Level
19 -
3 12-A MODEL :
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4 17 -A Transmission Oil Fi lter
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Cooling Fan
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A cooling fan is bolted to transmission input shaft
(located just behind right footrest). Fan forces air over
transmission cooling fins to cool transmission oil. Re­
place cooling fan if it becomes cracked or broken. Be
sure to install it so that maximum airflow is directed
across transmission.
3 12-A Model Transmission/Transaxle Oil L evel
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lubricant levels should be checked before each use.
Check oil levels when oil is COLD. Transmission oil
level should be 1 % inches down from top of filler neck.
Transaxle oil level should be maintained between /IF"
and "l'I marking on dipstick.
Use care to pr event dirt, clippings or other
foreign material from entering transmission
during oil level checks, oil fillings, or oil changes.
Cooling fins on transmission should also be kept
clean for best cooling efficiency. Periodically inspect
for dirt buildup, and brush or wash out any accumu·
lated dirt or clippings. If pressure washing equipment
is used, avoid directing spray at joints and sea! a reas,
to prevent forcing water into system.
8·SPEED TRANSMISSION
Oil Quality
he
Mechanical transmission in your new Wheel Horse
Tractor is filled with gear oil. Same type oil must be
used whenever transmission needs filling.
Oil Changes
417-A MODEL:
Transmission
Oil
8-Speed
el
Drain and refill transmission oil once per year or
1 00 hours of operation, whichever occurs first.
lubricant level should be checked after every 25
hours of operation. Changing lubricant is not required
except for maior service. To check lubricant level re·
move dipstick from transmission case. Maintain oil at
"full" level on dipstick.
Use care to prev ent dirt, clippings or other
foreign material from entering transmission dur ..
ing oil l evel checks, oil fillings, or oil changes.
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Changing oil in hydrostatic transmission is not rec�
ommended except for major service. If oil must be
frequently added, a leak is indicated and should be
corrected im mediately.
Oil Level
or
3 12-A MODEL:
Capacity
2 qt. ( 1 .9 l)
H
Oil is drained by removing pipe plug at bottom of
transaxle. Plug is located near left rear of transaxle.
Approximate refill capacity is 5 quarts (4.7 liters).
After adding 4 quarts of oil, check oil level; Add oil
as necessary to bring oil level between IIF" and Ill"
marking on dipstick.
SAE 90
API Service
GL·5
For information purposes, oil capacity is:
% qt. (.7 Liters) SAE 20
Hydrostatic Transmission
Drain and refill transaxle oil once per year or 1 00
hours of operation, whichever occurs first.
Oil is drained by removing pipe plug at bottom of
transaxle. Plug is located near left rear of transaxle.
Approximate refill capacity is 3 quarts (2.8 liters).
After adding 2 quarts of oil, check oil level; Add oil
as necessary to bring oil lever between "FU and I'l"
marking on dipstick.
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-
•
•
Oil Filter (41 7-A Only)
Replace the oil fHter after the flrst 1 0 hours of
operation. Thereafter, replace the filter with each
transmission oil change ( 1 00 hours or one year,
whichever occurs first).
- 20 -
a-Speed Transmission Dipstick
to turn. Next, back off adjustment nut just
enough to permit disc to turn freely.
3, 5 & 6-SPEED TRANSMISSION
Transmission is packed with grease at factory;
checking transmission lubricant is not required.
CHASSIS LUBRICATION
Brake rod spring adjustment should be checked
after adjusting brake. This determines amount of force
applied to brake lever.
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Steering gear, spindles, front wheel bearings and
front axle pivot are equipped with fittings to facili�
tate lubrication with a pressure grease gun. Before
applying grease gun, dean zerk fittings carefully to
prevent dirt from being forced into fitting. After in�
serting grease, wipe off a n y excess grease. A general
purpose grease (lithium base) is used to lubricate
tractor.
.
Distance between inside of nut and washer on
brake rod should be 2 '){, . 2% in. (6.8 7 em).
Turn adjustment nut as required to obtain this
d imension.
•
•
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BACK STOP PLATE-OR ROD
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3, 5, & 6-Speed Brake Ad justment
a-Speed Models
Brake band, located on left side ' of transmission,
brakes transmission shafts .and, in turn, brakes rear
wheels.
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Front Wheel, Spindle and Front Axle Lube Fittings
To adjust brake push down on brake pedal and
pull back an parking brake lever. With parking brake
engaged, adjust nut on end of rod until brake band
is tight enough to skid both rear wheels when tractor
is pushed. Then tighten nut another % turn. After ad­
justment, parking brake lever should not travel to
rear end of lever's slot when parking brake is en­
gaged. With brake released, brake band should not
"dragll on brake drum.
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lubricate chassis after each 25 hours of operation.
All other pivoting arms and levers should be lubricatM
ed at same intervals with either general purpose
grease or machine oil, applied directly to wear sur­
faces.
FOOT BRAKE ADJUSTMENT
3, 5 & 6-Speed Models
Brake adiustment is made at brake caliper. Block
wheels to prevent tractor from rolling and place trans­
mission shift lever in Neutral for brake adjustment.
1. Check that transmission brake lever is contact­
ing back stop plate (or rod) when brake pedal
is released. If it does not, brake pads will drag
on disc while tractor is being operated, causing
premature brake wear.
2. With brake pedal released, loosen or tighten
adjustment nut until brake disc is no longer free
a-Speed Brake Ad justment
300, 400-Series Automatic Models
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Steering Gear Lube Fitting
Brake band, located on left side of transmission,
brakes transmission shafts and, in turn, brakes rear
wheels. As brake pedal is depressed, linkage returns
transmission to neutral, dynamically braking tractor.
Brake band is actuated after transmission reaches
- 21 -
200-Series
neutral, providing additional braking action. Brake
band also serves as parking brake.
To adiust PTO clutch and brake,
1 . Engage PTO clutch.
2. loosen locknut on PTO brake adjustment bolt.
3. Turn adiustment bolt so there is a . 0 1 0 in. (.25
mm) gap between brake pad and clutch pulley
face, then tighten locknut.
4. Check gap between hex head of threaded spac­
er, on PTO rod, and clutch/brake bracket, which
should be % in. (9.5 mm). If adiustment becomes
necessary, proceed as follows:
loosen locknut behind threaded spacer on PTO
rod; turn hex end of threaded spacer clockwise
or counterclockwise, as required, to attain prop­
er gap. Retighten locknut and recheck gap be­
tween brake pad and clutch pulley face.
To adjust brake, remove left hand side cover, which
is secured by two screws at top, one screw at bottom
and a bolt at front.
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1 . Set parking brake so that lever is latched in first
notch in control cam. This is done by pulling
back on parking brake lever as brake pedal is
slowly depressed. You will feel lever move back
slightly as it drops into first notch of control
cam.
2. Tighten nut on brake linkage bolt until coils of
heavy spring are fully compressed, then back
off nut Y2 turn.
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3.
Release parking brake and check that brake
band is not draggi,!g on brake drum.
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200-Series PTO Adjustments
300, 400-Series
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300, 400-Series Automatic - Brake Adjustment
PTO clutch and brake may require periodic adjust­
ment due to normal wear of friction surfaces. If dutch
slippage is apparent, turn trunnion farther onto clutch
rod in one turn intevals until slippage is eliminated.
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If tractor creeps after brake pedal is depressed and
then released, linkage that returns tractor to neu�
tral requires adiustment. Your authorized dealer should
make this adjustment.
To adiust PTO brake,
Engage PTO clutch.
or
1.
2. Loosen two bolts that hold brake pad bracket
to support bracket.
Place a .01 2 in. (.3 mm) feeler gauge between
brake pad and clutch pulley.
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4. While holding brake pad against feeler gauge
and pu lley, tighten two brake bracket bolts.
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300, 400 -Se ries Automatic Brake Band & Drum
PTO CLUTCH AND
BRAKE ADJUSTMENT
PTO dutch and brake may require periodic adiust�
ment due to normal wear of friction surfaces. Adjust­
ments are made as follows:
-
300, 400-Series PTO Adjustments
22
-
2. Check tires for proper inflation.
CLEANING AND STORAGE
3.
Tractor should be washed regularly with a mild
automotive detergent and water. After 3 0 days, paint­
ed surfaces may be waxed to protect original finish.
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Minor paint scratches or abrasions can be removed
with an automotive cleaning and polishing com­
pound. Rubbing , comp0l,Jnd is not recommended under
normal circumst'ances, as it is highly abrasive. Exposed
bare metal surfaces should be given a light coating of
oil or g rease to prevent rust until permanent repairs
can be made. Aerosol cons of Wheel Horse paint are
available through your Authorized Wheel Horse Deal­
er.
Drain all fuel from fuel tank. Start tractor and
let engine run out of gas. As gasoline g rows
old, it becomes less volatile and forms harmful
gum and varnish deposits in carburetor and
fuel pump. DO NOT STORE GASOLINE FOR
MORE THAN 2 MONTHS.
4. Wash tractor and repaint all bare metal sur­
faces.
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5. Charge battery. In temperatures lower than
40°F (4°C) a battery will maintain a charge for
about 60 days. In temperatures above 40°F
(4°C) water level should be checked and bat­
tery "trickle chargedJ' every 30 days, (more
often in higher temperatures). Battery must be
fully charged to prevent freezing and internal
damage in weather below 3 2 ° F (O°C).
When tractor will not be used for an extended per­
iod of time, following steps will help insure minimum
difficulty when unit is returned to service:
1 . Perform required maintenance steps called for
i n IIMointenance Checklist",
6. Remove key from tractor.
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23
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TROUBLESHOOTING CHECKLIST
POSS I BL E CA US E
POSS I BL E REM EDY
Engine will not turn over.
Dead battery.
Charge or replace battery.
Open safety i nterlock switch.
Be sure PTO is disengaged and
depress left pedal.
Starter.
Consult authorized dealer.
Solenoid.
Consult a uthorized dealer.
Ignition switch.
Consult authorized dealer.
Spark plug(s) not firing.
Check spark plug condition and
reset gap.
Breaker points faulty. (N/A,
200-Series and 308-Model)
Check breaker points condition.
Consult authorized dealer.
No fuel in tank.
Refuel tractor.
Fuel valve closed.
Open fuel valve.
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SYMPTOM
Engine tUrns oyer but will not
start.
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Engine hard to start.
Reset carburetor adjustment.
I g nition switch.
Consult authorized dealer.
Spark plug wire(s) grounded
or loose.
Check spark plug wires.
Breaker points faulty or
improperly gapped. (N/ A,
200-Series and 308-Model)
Consult authorized dealer.
Spark plug(s) faulty or
improperly gapped.
Check spark plug condition and
reset gap.
Fuel line dogged.
Clean fuel line; check strainer
in fuel tank.
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Improper carburetor adjustment.
Consult authorized dealer.
Carburetor dirty or improperly
adjusted.
Readiust carburetor. Consult
dealer for authorized carburetor
service.
Engine starfs, but operates
erratically.
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Faulty fuel pump (308, 3 1 0,
3 1 2, 4 1 4, 41 6, 4 1 7 Models).
Clean fuel line; check strainer
in fuel tank.
Clogged fuel line.
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Drain old fuel and replace with
fresh supply.
Water in fuel.
Check vent.
Faulty fuel pump (308, 3 1 0,
3 1 2, 4 1 4, 4 1 6, 4 1 7 Models).
Consult authorized dealer.
Improper carburetor adjustment.
Readjust carburetor.
-
24
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Vent i n fuel cap plugged.
TROUBLESHOOTING CHECKLIST
(Continued)
POSSIBLE CA USE
POSSI BLE REMEDY
Engine knocks.
Fuel octane too low.
Drain fuel and replace with
higher octane supply.
Faulty Ignition System.
Consult authorized dealer.
Engine overheated.
Shut off engine and allow to
cool.
Spark plug(s) fouled, faulty or
gap too wide.
Check spark plug condition and
gap.
Faulty Ignition System.
Consult authorized dealer.
Incorrect carburetor adjustment.
Readjust carburetor.
Air intake screen or fins clogged
Cleon intake screen and fins.
Oil level too high or too low.
Adjust oil level as necessary.
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SY MPTOM
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Engine occasionally IIskipSIl at
high speed.
Engine overheating.
Readjust carburetor.
Consult authorized dealer.
Engine overloaded.
Reduce load on tractor.
Improper carburetor adjustment.
Readjust carburetor.
Improper spark plug gap.
Check the condition and gap of
spark plug(s).
I mproper carburetor adjustment.
Readjust carburetor.
Breaker points faulty. (NjA,
200-Series and 308-Model)
Consult authorized clealer.
Engine idles poorly.
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Engine backfires.
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Fuel mixture too lean.
Faulty Ignition System.
Transmission clutch disengaged.
Engage clutch.
Fau lty Transmission.
Consult a uthorized dealer.
Tractor loses power or
transmission overheats.
(Automatic models)
Transmission oil level too high
o r too low.
Engine stalls whenever PTO is
engaged.
Excessive load on PTO.
Check for jammed attachments.
Lessen load on attachment.
Fau lty interlock system.
Seat must be occupied to close
interlock system. Consult
authorized dealer.
25
-
Consult dealer for
authorized service.
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Adjust oil level as necessary.
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Transmission damage has
resulted from operating engine
at low RPM or contamination of
oil.
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Engine runs fine, but tractor
will not move.
WIRING DIAGRAM - 208·3, 2 1 1 ·3 MODELS
,--!!:..L..--J'--+J
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HEAD LIGHTS
I"
MAGNETO
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SPARK
PLUG
STARTER
RED
ALT
A.C.
OUTPUT
PURPLE
PEDAL
INTERLOCK
SWITCH
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PURPLE
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LIGHT SWITCH
SEAT
SWITCH
BLACK
ORANGE
PTO INTERLOCK
SWITCH
N.C. CQNTACTS­
CLOSED WHEN
PTO ENGAGED
NO. CONTACTS­
CLOSED WHEN
PTO DISENGAGED
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BLUE
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ATTERY
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D,C. ACCESSORIES
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ELECTRICAL CONN
BETWEEN TERMINALS
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G +M+A (SWITCH CASE
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8+R+A
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WIRE **1 - RECTIFIER (R)
-
SWITCH
POSITION
- 26 -
WIRING DIAGRAM - 2 1 1 ·5, 2 1 1 ·6 MODELS
MAGNETO
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HEAD LIGHTS
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ALT
A.C,
OUTPUT
ENGINE
SPARK
STARTER PLUG
RED
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OUTPUT
LIGHT SWITCH
BLUE
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N.D. CONTACTS­
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BLACK
BLACK
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PTO INTERLOCK
SWITCH
N,C. CONTACTS­
CLOSED WHEN
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3
WHITE
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SEAT
BLACK
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POSITION
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WIREn-3-MAGNETQ (M)
WIRE;;I-RECTIFIER (R)
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6+R+A
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- 27 -
WIRING DIAGRAM
308 MODEL
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HEAD LIGHTS
MAGNETO
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PLUG
STARTER
RED
ALt
A.C.
OUTPUT
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SEAT
SWITCH
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ORANGE
PURPLE
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OPTIONAL
HDURMETER
LIGHT SWITCH
N.O. CONTACTS­
CLOSED WHEN
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DARK BLUE
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ELECTRICAL CONN.
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OFF
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RUN
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WIRE1'5
BATTERY
PTO INTERLOCK
SWITCH
N.C. CONTACTS­
CLOSED WHEN
PTO ENGAGED
- 28 -
WIRING DIAGRAM
-
3 1 0 MODEL
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HEAD LIGHTS
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ALT.
A.C.
OUTPUT
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SPARK
PLUG
DARK
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RED
PURPLE
DARK BLUE
LIGHT BLU
PEDAL RELAY
INTERLOCK
SWiTCH
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SWITCH
SEAT
SWITCH
PURPLE
OPTIONAL
HOURMETER VOLTMETER
PINK
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PTO !NTERLOCK
SWITCH
N.O.CONTACTS­
CLOSED WHEN
PTO DISENGAGED
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D.C.
OUTPUT
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WHITE
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15
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ELECTRICAL CONN
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OFF
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- 29 -
WIRING DIAGRAM
3 1 2, 4 1 4 MODELS
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1
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HEAD LIGHTS
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LIGHT GREEN
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SWITCH
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ELECTRICAL CONN.
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8+R+ltS
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- 30 -
WIRING DIAGRAM - 4 1 6 MODEL
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OUTPUT N.O. CONTACT�
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I have enclosed a check or money order for
$4.00 (200-Series), $5.00 (300, 400-Series) for
each manual requested.
City
Address
Nome
To:
PUBLICATIONS
State
Zip
MAILING LABEL - PLEASE PRINT CLEARLY
WHEEL HORSE PRODUCTS, INC.
P. O. Box 2649
South Bend, Indiana 46680
Enter number shown on your tractor :
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TRACTOR
PARTS MANUAL ORDER FORM
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or
a check or money order, to:
obtained by completing the form below and sending it, along with
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A separate Parts Manual for your Wheel Horse tractor can be
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LOOSE
PART S
PAC�AGE
information �rid specifications ore shown herein as of the
printing. Wheel Horse Products, Inc. reserves the right to
product s'pecificolions, designs and standard equipment
notice and without incurring obligation.
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