High Performance Portable DC Bench Power Supply:
Save Money and Free Up Bench Real Estate by
Building Your Own
Keith Szolusha
The bench power supply, along with the soldering iron and
handheld multimeter, is a required item in any electronics
lab toolbox. Some projects require only a single, constant
voltage supply, but more often, properly testing and
debugging a project demands a variety of voltages and
currents. Significant debugging time can be saved by
using a high performance adjustable bench supply to
dial in voltage and current at will. Unfortunately, typical
universal adjustable bench power supplies are bulky and
expensive—at least the better-performing versions—and
have a number of limitations. None are truly portable
(handheld) due to necessary heat dissipation structures.
Furthermore, even high cost supplies do not support zero
current or voltage, and cannot match the transient and
short performance exhibited by the supply shown here.
Linear Technology’s demonstration circuit
DC2132A is a high performance, compact,
efficient DC bench supply
Save money and free up benchtop space
by building your own high quality bench
power supply. The key component to
this supply is the LT3081 linear regulator
surrounded by a short list of easy-to-get
components (see Figure 1). The LT3081’s
unique current-source reference and
voltage-follower output amplifier make it
possible to connect two linear regulators
in parallel for up to 3A and over 24V of
adjustable current and voltage output
control. Linear regulators at the output
suppress output ripple without requiring large output capacitors, resulting in
a truly flat DC output and small size.
In the supply shown here, parallel LT3081s
are preceded by a high performance,
IMON TOTAL CURRENT
MONITOR OUTPUT
0V–24V CONSTANT VOLTAGE
0A–3A CONSTANT CURRENT
1-TURN (OR 10-TURN) POTENTIOMETERS
FOR OUTPUT VOLTAGE AND OUTPUT
CURRENT ADJUSTMENT
TEMPERATURE
MONITOR
OUTPUTS
LTC3632
−5V, −8mA SUPPLY
FOR 0V OPERATION
JUMPER FOR ADJUSTING VOUT MAXIMUM
RESISTOR WITH JUMPER FOR VIN = 12V,
24V OR 36V TO MAXIMIZE TURNS OF
POTENTIOMETER
ON/OFF
LED ON INDICATOR
12 | July 2014 : LT Journal of Analog Innovation
10V–40V INPUT
design features
The key component to the supply is the LT3081 linear regulator surrounded by a short
list of easy-to-get components. The LT3081’s unique current-source reference and
voltage-follower output amplifier make it possible to connect two linear regulators
in parallel for up to 3A and over 24V of adjustable current and voltage output
control. Linear regulators at the output suppress output ripple without requiring
large output capacitors, resulting in a truly flat DC output and small size.
synchronous step-down converter, in this
case, the 40V, 6A LT8612. No heat sink or
fan is required, in direct contrast to linear
bench supplies featuring power transistors
that require heat sinks and forced airflow
(fans) to sufficiently dissipate the heat.
The LT8612 efficiently steps down 10V to
40V at high or low current to a dynamically adaptive output voltage, which
remains just above the output voltage
of the bench power supply (output of
the LT3081 linear regulator). The output
of the LT8612 is low ripple and conversion is efficient over the full range of
the bench supply. Power loss across the
LT3081 devices is minimized by keeping their input just above dropout. This
bench supply includes the uncommon
ability to adjust both the voltage and
current limit down to zero. A complete schematic of this mixed-mode
DC bench supply is shown in Figure 2.
with a minimal efficiency hit. The parallel
LT3081 linear regulators shown in Figures
1 and 2 knock down the output ripple of
the LT8612 and accurately control constant
voltage and constant current output of the
power supply. The LT3081 has the unique
ability (for linear regulators) to be easily
paralleled for higher output currents.
PARALLEL LINEAR REGULATORS
STEADY OUTPUT, CONTROL
VOLTAGE AND CURRENT
Figures 1 and 2 show how two parallel LT3081s double the supported current of a single LT3081 (1.5A) to 3A.
A few parallel connections and two
small 10mΩ ballast resistors are all that
is needed to accurately share current
Linear regulators are commonly used at
the output of step-down converters to
suppress switching power supply ripple
−5V OUTPUT CONTROLLER
PULLS 8mA, ALLOWING LT3081s TO REGULATE TO ZERO VOLTS
VIN
LTC3632
SWITCHING REGULATOR
EFFICIENTLY STEPS-DOWN ANY 10V–40V INPUT TO VOUT + 1.7V
−5V
VOUT + 1.7V
VIN
VIN
BST
0.1µF
EN/UV
LT8612
INTVCC TR/SS
L1
5.5µH
IN
SW
BIAS
SET
FB
RT
1nF
1k
100k
700kHz
ISET
50µA
+
–
100k
VOUT
200Ω
VIN
LT3092
10mΩ
OUT
ILIM
LT3081
PNP
4.99k
8mA
CURRENT
LIMITED
VOUT
ILIM
ADJUST
ILIM
IN
SET
2.4mA
47.5k
ISET
50µA
+
–
OUT
10mΩ
LT3081
Figure 1. Block diagram of the mixedmode DC bench supply. The central
components are the parallel LT3081s,
which produce the low ripple output and
set the voltage and current limit.
CURRENT SOURCE
INSERTS 2.4mA INTO SET PIN OF LT3081 TO
SET ACCURATE VOUT REGARDLESS OF ISET
TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT
VOUT
ADJUST
PARALLEL LINEAR REGULATORS
STEP-DOWN OUTPUT OF SWITCHING REGULATOR (VOUT + 1.7V) TO A NOISE-FREE VOUT
July 2014 : LT Journal of Analog Innovation | 13
The minimum current limit of the bench power supply is 0A. The LT3081
guarantees 0A output current as long as the ILIM resistor is reduced below
200Ω.The minimum output voltage of the bench power supply is 0V. The
LT3081 guarantees 0V output as long as there is 4mA pulled from the output.
between the two without a loss of output voltage accuracy. Readily available,
high quality 10k and 5k potentiometers
provide the control from 0V–24V and
0V–3A when connected to the SET pin
and ILIM pins. Potentiometers with more
turns and more accuracy can certainly
be used to fancy-up one’s bench supply.
The minimum current limit of the
bench power supply is 0A. The LT3081
guarantees 0A output current as long
as the ILIM resistor is reduced below
200Ω. A small 100Ω resistor is placed
in series with the ILIMIT potentiometer to maximize the turning range
and still guarantee zero current when
two regulators are used in parallel.
The minimum output voltage of the
bench power supply is 0V. The LT3081
guarantees 0V output as long as there is
4m A pulled from the output. The best
way to do this is to use a negative supply to pull 8m A for the two LT3081s. The
LTC3632 –5V regulator easily produces this
negative load, dissipates little power and
occupies only a tiny bit of board space.
Figure 2. Complete 0V–24V, 0A–3A DC bench supply
L2
470µH
VIN
10µF
50V
ON
S1
OFF
VIN
10V–40V
22µF
63V
+
10µF
50V
VIN
0.1µF
499k
EN/UV
LT8612
54.9k
5.1k
1nF
1k
1%
60.4k
700kHz
0.1µF
Q2
100k
1%
100k
1%
2.7k
LT3092
IN
10µA
+
–
SET
OUT
200Ω
1%
47.5k
11.3k
73.2k
JP1
COUT: EMZA350ADA101MF80G
D4: GREEN LED
L1: WÜRTH 744325550
L2: MURATA LQH32CN471K23L
Q1: SI2309CDS
Q2: CMST3904TR
Q3, Q4: MMBT3906
Q5: FMMT493
RI(LIM): BOURNS INC. 91A1A‐B28‐A13L
RV(OUT): BOURNS INC. 91A1A‐B28‐A15L
S1: PHILMORE 30‐10002B
VOUT(MAX)
5V
15V
24V
14 | July 2014 : LT Journal of Analog Innovation
280k
1%
0.01µF
8mA
Q5
10µF
50V
×3
+
–
LT3081
ILIM
TEMP
10k 1%
100Ω
IN
10k
3.92k
TEMP1
IMON
10mΩ
1%
OUT
10µF
50V
IMON
1k
1%
549Ω
ISET
50µA
SET
4.99k
1µF
50V
806k
IN
IMON
Q3
549Ω
ISET
10µF
50V
10µF
50V
×3
1k
1%
FB
TR/SS PGND GND RT
D4
Q1
5.1k
10µF
6.3V
−5V
COUT
100µF
35V
INTVCC
1µF
GND
10k
1.47M
VFB
VOUT + 1.7V
+
BIAS
SYNC
INTVCC
L1
5.5µH
SW
PG
RUN
1k
BST
LTC3632
Q4
INTVCC
SW
ILIM ADJUST
RI(LIM)
5k
ILIM
ISET
50µA
SET
+
–
0.01µF
LT3081
VOUT ADJUST
RV(OUT)
10k
10mΩ
1%
OUT
10µF
50V
×3
TEMP
TEMP2
10k 1%
B140
10k
VOUT
0V TO 24V
ILIMIT
0A TO 3A
1µF
50V
design features
Once target voltage is precisely dialed-in, you don’t want to see the bench
supply voltage drift as load is added, increased or decreased. Ideally, it should
maintain a flat regulation profile across the entire range of load currents up
to the current limit. The supply shown here fulfills this requirement.
FLAT LOAD REGULATION AND
SHARP VI CURVE
Once target voltage is precisely dialedin, you don’t want to see the bench
supply voltage drift as load is added,
increased or decreased. Ideally, it should
maintain a flat regulation profile across
the entire range of load currents up to
the current limit (Figures 3 and 4).
The supply shown here fulfills this
requirement. The LT3081 output remains
virtually flat from 0A to 1.5A. Minimum
IC heating helps keep load regulation of
the bench supply under 50mV for any
output voltage, as shown in Figure 3—
even with 15mV due to the 10mΩ ballast
resistors. A 1.7V drop across the linear
regulators while driving 1.5A produces
a mere 30ºC temperature rise with the
DD package, as shown in Figure 5.
Figure 3. DC bench supply V-I curve shows < 50mV load regulation from 0A to 3A, falling off a cliff above 3.1A.
25
Setting the current limit knob should be
just as deterministic as the voltage knob.
If the current limit is set to 3.0A, the
bench supply should enter current limit
at exactly 3.0A and never supply higher
current. A high performance bench supply
must demonstrate a voltage vs current
regulation curve that remains flat until
it drops off a cliff to 0V when the current limit is reached. Figure 4 shows that
Figure 4. Adjustable current limit moves the cliff of
Figure 3 to any value from 3.1A down to 0.0A.
25
25
24.8
24.6
20
20
ILIMIT
FUNCTIONS
DOWN TO 0A
10
24.2
VOUT (V)
15
VOUT (V)
VOUT (V)
24.4
24
23.8
15
0.5A
1.5A
ILIMIT = 3.15A
(FULL LIMIT)
10
23.6
5
0
23.4
VIN = 36V
VOUT = 24V
FULL ILIMIT
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
IOUT (A)
2.5
3
23
3.5
5.5
5.5
5
5.4
4.5
5.3
4
VOUT (V)
VOUT (V)
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
IOUT (A)
2.5
3
3.5
1
1.5
2
IOUT (A)
2.5
3
3.5
0
VIN = 36V
VOUT = 24V
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
IOUT (A)
2.5
3
3.5
5.2
3.5
3
2.5
2
5.1
5
4.9
4.8
1.5
4.7
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 5V
FULL ILIMIT
1
0.5
0
5
VIN = 36V
VOUT = 24V
FULL ILIMIT
23.2
0
0.5
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 5V
FULL ILIMIT
4.6
1
1.5
2
IOUT (A)
2.5
3
3.5
4.5
0
0.5
July 2014 : LT Journal of Analog Innovation | 15
The portable DC bench power supply can produce 0A–3A at any voltage between 0V
and 24V from an input voltage of 10V and 40V, with the input at least 5V above the
desired output voltage. The input can come from a front-end AC/DC converter, readily
available at 19V, 28V and 36V. It can also be a simple 24VAC transformer, a rectifier
bridge, and a 10mF capacitor that gives approximately 34V with 1V–2V of ripple.
the bench supply performs as desired,
regardless where the current limit is set.
SYNCHRONOUS STEP-DOWN
CONVERTER KEEPS OVERALL
EFFICIENCY HIGH
The portable DC bench power supply can produce 0A–3A at any voltage between 0V and 24V from an input
voltage of 10V and 40V, with the input
at least 5V above the desired output
voltage. The input can come from a
front-end AC/DC converter, readily available at 19V, 28V and 36V. It can also be
a simple 24VAC transformer, a rectifier
bridge, and a 10mF capacitor that gives
approximately 34V with 1V–2V of ripple.
The LT8612 step-down switching converter
portion of the power supply drops the
AC/DC front-end voltage (10V to 40V) down
to any voltage between 0V and just below
its input voltage. The low ripple output
of the LT8612-based converter is further
dropped by 1.7V across the parallel LT3081
linear regulator to the final regulated voltage, with nearly no ripple on the output.
High Efficiency Keeps it Cool
The LT8612 synchronous step-down easily
supports 3A and efficiently steps down to
outputs as low as 1.7V from inputs up to
40V, even at a relatively high switching
frequency, 700kHz, due to low minimum
on-time of 40ns. Efficiency is shown in
Figure 6. High efficiency at high switching frequency makes it possible to realize
a converter with a few small components that remain cool at high power.
Differential Feedback
The LT8612 uses a differential feedback
scheme, shown in Figures 1 and 2, to
regulate its output (the input to the LT3081
pair) to 1.7V above the bench supply
output (the output of the LT3081 pair).
The LT3081 works best when its input
is at least 1.5V above its output, with
1.7V used here as margin for transients.
Differential feedback continues to
operate during output transients and
Figure 5. Thermoscans of bench supply
in high power conditions and shortcircuit show that the DC bench supply
components remain cool without the
use of a heat sink or fan.
LT3081
FMMT493
LT3081
L1
LT8612
16 | July 2014 : LT Journal of Analog Innovation
VIN = 36V, VOUT = 24V, ILOAD = 3A
VIN = 36V, VOUT = 3.3V, ILOAD = 3A
VIN = 12V, VOUT = 5V, ILOAD = 3A
SHORT AT OUTPUT, VIN = 36V, ILIMIT = 3A
design features
One way to combat current drift is to use a higher current source to drive the
SET pin potentiometer. The LT3092 is an accurate current source that works
up to 40V and is used to drive an accurate 2.4mA for a 24V output with a
10k resistor. Its output current is easy to adjust with the change of the set
resistor value when a different maximum output voltage is needed.
voltage should be 5.5V when a 12V source
is used, 15V when a 24V source is used
and 24V when a 36V source is used. An
input switch is used in the circuit to cut
off the supply to the LT3092 when the
power switch is turned off. Disconnecting
this IC from VIN when the switch is
turned off prevents its constant current
from charging up an unloaded bench
supply output, saving engineers from
potentially damaging circumstances.
ACCURATE CURRENT SOURCE
COMBATS I SET TEMPERATURE
COEFFICIENT
short-circuits, as shown in Figures 7 and
8. When the output is shorted to GND,
the LT8612 output follows it to GND.
When the output is suddenly increased
with a release of the short or a change
in the potentiometer, the LT8612 follows
the rising output of the LT3081, striving
to stay 1.7V above the quickly changing
output. A reasonable-sized 100µ F output
capacitor is enough to provide stability to
the LT8612 over a wide range of conditions, while maintaining relatively fast
transient response, though it will never
move as fast as the linear regulators can.
The output voltage of the bench supply
is easily adjusted by hand with a potentiometer that is connected to the SET pins
of the LT3081 pair. It seems simple enough
that the SET pins each source 50µ A, and
that their sum current, multiplied by
an adjustable resistor, can generate the
proper output voltage with no additional components. Nevertheless, that
current may not be enough for a robust
bench power supply solution, since it
can drift a bit with LT3081 temperature.
This setup could be expanded to support 4.5A output current using three
parallel LT3081 linear regulators.
The switching regulator would need
no change, as the LT8612 features
6A peak switch current capability.
EASY TURN POTENTIOMETER
KNOBS FOR VOLTAGE AND CURRENT
The LT3081 SET and ILIM pin functions
make it easy to program the output
voltage and current to any level with the
simple turn of a potentiometer. Parallel
LT3081s share the same SET pin connection and voltage as well as the same ILIM+
and ILIM− pin connections. The 10k and
5k potentiometers are chosen to give
0V to 24V and 0A to 3A output ranges
(or slightly above for a little headroom.)
The potentiometers are easy to source
One way to combat the current drift is
to use a higher current source to drive
the SET pin potentiometer. The LT3092 is
an accurate current source that works
up to 40V and is used to drive an accurate 2.4m A for a 24V output with a 10k
resistor. Its output current is easy to
adjust with the change of the set resistor
value when a different maximum output
voltage is needed. The maximum output
Figure 6. Efficiency and power loss of DC bench supply for a various input and output conditions
90
EFFICIENCY
100
8
7
90
7
6
80
5
60
4
50
3
40
POWER
LOSS
30
20
VIN = 36V
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
ILOAD (A)
VOUT = 24V
VOUT = 18V
VOUT = 12V
VOUT = 5V
VOUT = 3.3V
2.5
3
3.5
70
5
60
4
50
3
2
40
1
30
0
6
EFFICIENCY
20
POWER
LOSS
VIN = 12V
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
ILOAD (A)
VOUT = 5V
VOUT = 3.3V
VOUT = 1.8V
2.5
3
3.5
POWER LOSS (W)
70
POWER LOSS (W)
EFFICIENCY (%)
80
8
EFFICIENCY (%)
100
2
1
0
July 2014 : LT Journal of Analog Innovation | 17
The bench supply shown features single-turn potentiometers with easy-to-turn
shafts and right angle PCB connections. The cermet element prevents time
and temperature drift with 150ppm/ºC rating versus the 1000ppm/ºC rating of
similar plastic element versions. Less expensive plastic potentiometers are still
excellent for use on a standard bench supply, or ten-turn precision potentiometers
can be used for very fine trimming of both voltage and current limits.
15µs
3A
IOUT
1A/DIV
3A
IOUT
1A/DIV
1A
VOUT
AC COUPLED
100mV/DIV
320mV
Figure 7. 5V, 1A to 3A output
transient response shows (a) low
output ripple and (b) LT8612 output
tracks LT3081 VOUT through a
transient.
and they can be selected from a range
of performance and cost parameters.
The bench supply shown in the photo
on page 12 features single-turn
potentiometers with easy-to-turn shafts
and right angle PCB connections. They
can be mounted on a side hole of a
box should you decide to enclose the
LT8612
VOUT(DC)
2V/DIV
VOUT(DC)
2V/DIV
50µs/DIV
(a)
(b)
PCB in a protective case. The cermet
element prevents time and temperature
drift with 150ppm/ºC rating versus the
1000ppm/ºC rating of similar plastic
element versions. Less expensive plastic potentiometers are still excellent
for use on a standard bench supply,
or ten-turn precision potentiometers
can be used for very fine trimming of
both voltage and current limits.
If VOUT drift due to ISET temperature
coefficient is not an issue, the LT3092
current source can be removed and
the 10k potentiometer can be replaced
by a 250k pot with similar quality.
10µs
3A
SPIKE
IOUT
1A/DIV
1.7V
50µs/DIV
400µs
Figure 8. 5V output (a) overload
transient and (b) short-circuit
transient are well tolerated by the
DC bench supply.
1A
40A SPIKE = COUT DISCHARGING
INTO SHORT
1.5A
1A
ISHORT
1A/DIV
LT8612
LT8612
VOUT(DC)
2V/DIV
VOUT(DC)
2V/DIV
1.7V
1.5A
VOUT(DC)
2V/DIV
VOUT(DC)
2V/DIV
1.7V
200µs/DIV
(a)
18 | July 2014 : LT Journal of Analog Innovation
200µs/DIV
(b)
design features
The most extreme overload condition is a short-circuit, which not only pushes the
output over the cliff, but all the way down to ground. The bench supply gracefully
maintains its current limit in short-circuit and regulates its LT8612 output to
1.7V, sourcing the limited current through the LT3081 and into the short.
NEGATIVE CONVERTER FOR 0V
REGULATION
Although it is trivial to turn the SET potentiometer down to 0V with a short to GND,
the LT3081 must have 4m A pulled out of
it to run down to 0V. A resistive preload
from VOUT to GND only pulls current when
VOUT is not equal to zero, so a negative
supply is used instead to sink current
from a 0V output. The LTC3632 negative
regulator is a small −5V source that draws
−8m A through a small resistor across
−5V and a VBE below ground (−0.6V).
Although the LTC3632 turns off when the
power switch is turned off, it continues to
run when the power is on even when the
output voltage is higher than 0V. Caution
must be used when choosing the negative
current transistor since −8m A • 24.6V drop
can be a significant source of heat if
the thermal impedance of the transistor is more than 250°C/W or the negative
current is increased to over −10m A.
SHORT-CIRCUIT AND 0A CONTROL
The LT3081 also provides 0A current limit
control regardless of the output voltage
setting. With its current knob turned all
the way up, the bench supply enforces
a sharp current limit at just about 3.1A.
If the load is increased above this point,
its voltage appears to fall off a cliff. A
simple turn of the knob moves that sharp
current limit cliff down to any other value
all the way to 0A, as shown in Figure 4.
The most extreme overload condition is
a short-circuit, which not only pushes
the output over the cliff, but all the way
down to ground. The bench supply gracefully maintains its current limit in shortcircuit and regulates its LT8612 output
to 1.7V, sourcing the limited current
through the LT3081 and into the short.
The results of a transient short-circuit
are shown in Figure 8, demonstrating the
short-circuit regulation of the IC and the
Figure 9. Transient results for pricey XH100-10 mixed-mode bench supply, which exhibits slow transient and shortcircuit response compared with the DC bench supply described in this article with similar settings (Figure 8).
6ms
short-lived output capacitor discharge
spike. The < 10µs short-circuit spike is
1/500 the duration of a commonly used
high power mixed-mode laboratory bench
supply (with similar settings) as shown
in Figure 9. The long-lasting discharge
spike shown in Figure 9 can potentially
harm test equipment, a disadvantage of
expensive, commonly used universal bench
supplies, due to low power transistor
speed and/or higher output capacitance.
MONITORING THE OUTPUT
Connect a multimeter or a simple analog display to the output to produce an
accurate voltage readout. Add another
multimeter or display in series with the
output for an accurate current readout.
If you want to avoid adding additional
sensing equipment in series with the
output, the IMON terminal can also be
used as a voltage-to-current conversion.
Sorenson XHR100-10 laboratory bench
supply in short-circuit with 1.5A limit
> 4ms
3A SPIKE
1.5A
IOUT
1A/DIV
VOUT(DC)
5V/DIV
40A SPIKE = COUT DISCHARGING
INTO SHORT
VOUT(DC)
2V/DIV
ISHORT
10A/DIV
TO 1.5A
1ms/DIV
500µs/DIV
(a)
(b)
July 2014 : LT Journal of Analog Innovation | 19
This DC power supply is a handy tool for generating a constant voltage
or current on-the-fly in the lab. Simply power it up with 10V–40V DC, turn
on the switch, and turn the knobs. Since they are small and inexpensive,
several of these portable bench supplies can be powered from the same DC
input source when multiple circuit outputs and currents are needed.
Figure 10. DC bench supply has low output
ripple for a mixed-mode supply with small
60µF COUT.
VOUT
AC COUPLED
10mV/DIV
< 20mV
LT8612
VSW
20V/DIV
2µs/DIV
This DC power supply is a handy tool for
generating a constant voltage or current
on-the-fly in the lab. Simply power it up
with 10V–40V DC, turn on the switch, and
turn the knobs. Since they are small and
inexpensive, several of these portable
bench supplies can be powered from
the same DC input source when multiple
circuit outputs and currents are needed.
The rectifier bridge should have 3A or
higher rated Schottky diodes. If they run
too hot, you can still avoid adding a heat
sink by replacing the Schottkys with an
LT4320 ideal diode bridge controller and
four MOSFETs to reduce bridge heating.
The size of the 10mF output cap can
be changed to adjust for output ripple.
At full power, 10mF cap will produce
about ±1V ripple on the 34V DC input.
It’s just easy to create a completely
self-contained bench supply by adding a simple AC/DC converter on the
front end. Figure 11 shows a simple
120VAC to 24VAC (5:1) transformer,
a rectifier bridge and a 10mF output
capacitor, which combine to produce
34VDC with little ripple. This simple
AC/DC converter can be used to produce a
maximum bench supply output of 22V.
You can also piece together a universal
bench supply by connecting any universal AC/DC black box converter with a
12V–36V, 3A rating. Any AC/DC converter
lifted from an old laptop or purchased
from an electronics retailer should work.
The only restriction is that the maximum
output voltage of the bench supply should
remain about 5V below the minimum
rating of the input voltage source.
AC/DC INPUT
Figure 11. Simple combination
of a 24VAC(RMS) transformer,
rectifier bridge, and capacitor
provides AC/DC 34V front-end
for a complete solution.
20 | July 2014 : LT Journal of Analog Innovation
CONCLUSION
Build your own high performance
DC bench supply for 0V–24V and
0A–3A constant voltage and current control using a couple parallel LT3081 linear
regulators, a synchronous step-down
LT8612, an LT3092 current source and a
tiny LTC3632 negative supply. The bench
supply features low output ripple with
low output capacitance, excellent transient
response, regulates to 0V and 0A, remains
in regulation during short-circuit and
stays cool with no bulky heat sinks. It can
easily be coupled with an AC/DC converter
or it can be powered from a DC source.
The complete bench supply solution is
low cost, small in size, and easy to build,
despite its top shelf performance. n
+
ON/OFF
120VAC(RMS)
120:24
VAC(RMS)
4x 3A
SCHOTTKY DIODES
10mF
50V
34V DC
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