Food Labelling Information
(Nutrition)
Nutrition labelling will be required on ALL pre-packed food from 13th December 2016
Loose food – ice cream cones, unwrapped cakes, fruit and vegetables, food made up to order
like sandwiches, takeaway meals etc. are NOT required to carry nutrition information.
Exemptions
‘Small’ businesses who sell their products in small quantities direct to the consumer or to local
retailers for supply to the public are exempt from nutrition labelling.
Locally means within 30 miles of the county boundary of the county in which the product is
produced.
We are awaiting confirmation from DoH on exactly what ‘small’ means but one man bands, WI
type cake manufacturers and micro businesses will definitely be caught by the exemption.
The following products do NOT need nutrition labelling in any circumstances:
Food supplements
Natural mineral water
Unprocessed products (fruit and vegetables, raw meat etc.)
Food where the largest surface area of the package is less than 25cm2
Herbs, spices, salt, coffee, tea, vinegar, and chewing gum
Alcoholic drinks over 1.2% ABV
Mandatory information
Where nutrition labelling is required it MUST be given per 100g/100ml and the information must
be in letters at least 1.2mm in height (Arial 8)
Mandatory nutrition information MUST be in the following format and order
Typical values
per 100g
Energy
Fat
- Of which saturates
Carbohydrate
- Of which sugars
Protein
Salt
kj/kcal
g
g
g
g
g
g
The information must be in a table format unless space does not permit
If you wish you MAY provide values per portion in addition to per 100g.
If you do so you MUST state the size of a portion and how many portions there are in the pack.
How do I calculate my nutrition information?
Nutrition information can be derived from
- analysis of food (commercial laboratories can provide this service – charges will vary)
- published data (such as Mc Cance and Widdowson is available via this link
http://tna.europarchive.org/20110116113217/http://www.food.gov.uk/multimedia/spreads
heets/cofids.xls)
-
calculation from ingredients (there are commercial software packages available that will
enable you to calculate nutrition information from your recipe)
Optional Information
You MAY provide additional information for the following nutrients
Mono unsaturates
Poly unsaturates
Polyols
Starch
Fibre
‘Named’ vitamins and minerals present in ‘significant amounts’
‘Significant amount’ for vitamins and minerals means 15% of that nutrient’s Reference Intake (RI)
per 100g for food or 7.5% of the RI per 100ml for drinks.
If the package contains a single portion that pack must give 15% RI of that vitamin or mineral.
The ‘named’ vitamins and minerals and their RIs can be found here
Vitamin A (µg
800 Chloride (mg)
Vitamin D (µg)
5 Calcium (mg)
Vitamin E (mg)
12 Phosphorus (mg)
Vitamin K (µg)
75 Magnesium (mg)
Vitamin C (mg)
80 Iron (mg)
Thiamin (mg)
1.1 Zinc (mg)
Riboflavin (mg)
1.4 Copper (mg)
Niacin (mg)
16 Manganese (mg)
Vitamin B6 (mg)
1.4 Fluoride (mg)
Folic Acid (µg)
200 Selenium (µg)
Vitamin B12 (µg)
2.5 Chromium (µg)
Biotin (µg)
50 Molybdenum (µg)
Pantothenic Acid (mg)
6 Iodine (µg)
Potassium (mg)
2000
800
800
700
375
14
10
1
2
3.5
55
40
50
150
IF you include declarations of vitamins or minerals in your nutrition table you MUST also include
the % RI
The Reference Intakes (RIs) for energy and other nutrients are here:
Energy
8400 kj/2000 kcal
Total fat
70g
Saturates
20g
Carbohydrates
260g
Sugars
90g
Protein
50g
Salt
6g
If you wish you MAY include information about the % reference intake (RI)’ in your nutrition table.
If you do so you MUST also state ‘Reference intake of an average adult (8400kj, 200kcal)’
directly below the table.
If you wish to include any of the additional nutrients in your nutrition table they must appear at the
correct position as shown below in red. You may include as many or as few as you wish.
Typical values
Energy
Fat –
Of which saturates
of which Mono unsaturates
of which Polyunsaturates
Carbohydrate
Of which sugars
of which Polyols
of which Starch
Fibre
Protein
Salt
Named Vitamins
Named Minerals
per 100g
kj/kcal
g
g
% RI
g
g
g
g
No other nutrients may appear IN the nutrition table but they may be shown below the
mandatory information
So if you wish to state that your product contains omega 3 this may be given below the nutrient
table but not in it.
Additional rules apply to front of pack labelling where additional declarations of the energy
content are permitted, use of ‘traffic light’ labelling (which is voluntary) and labelling of foods
specifically aimed at children.
Detailed guidance can be found here
https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/207842/2013-0619_Nutrition_Technical_Guidance.pdf
Health and Nutrition Claims
If you want to make any health or nutrition claims linking the consumption of your product with
health
eg claiming that an ingredient or nutrient has a positive effect on health such as
‘Iron contributes to the reduction of tiredness’ or ‘
Vitamin C helps maintain the normal function of the immune system’
you must make sure that the claim has been approved by the European Food Safety Authority
and that you comply with EU Nutrition and Health Claims Regulations.
You may only use approved claims that appear in the EU list. You can find the list here:
ec.europa.eu/nuhclaims/
Statements such as ‘low fat’, ‘reduced salt’, ‘high protein’ etc. have specific defined meanings
and cannot be used unless the food satisfies those meanings
e.g. ‘low fat’ means the food must contain less than 3g/100g of fat etc.
You can find detailed information on these regulations here
https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/204320/Nutrition_a
nd_health_claims_guidance_November_2011.pdf
Reviewed BAF June 16