LinkStation
User Manual
Buffalo Inc.
www.buffalotech.com
35011114 ver.06
Contents
Chapter 1
Setup......................................................................................... 5
LinkNavigator Setup (LS-VL, LS-XHL, LS-CHL).......................................... 5
LinkNavigator Setup (LS-WVL, LS-WXL)...................................................... 7
LinkNavigator Setup (LS-WSXL)..................................................................... 9
LinkNavigator Setup (LS-QVL)........................................................................ 12
Diagrams and Layout (LS-VL, LS-XHL, LS-CHL)......................................... 14
Diagrams and Layout (LS-WVL, LS-WXL).................................................... 16
Diagrams and Layout (LS-WSXL)................................................................... 18
Diagrams and Layout (LS-QVL)...................................................................... 20
Chapter 2
Using your LinkStation............................................................ 22
Opening the Shared Folder............................................................................. 22
Opening the shared folder from another PC............................................ 23
Adding another LinkStations......................................................................... 24
Power Modes........................................................................................................ 25
Changing the IP Address.................................................................................. 27
Web Admin interface......................................................................................... 28
Adding shared folders....................................................................................... 31
Access Restrictions......................................................................................................33
Disk Quotas....................................................................................................................43
FTP Server.......................................................................................................................48
Direct Copy....................................................................................................................51
Users/Groups........................................................................................................ 53
Adding Users.................................................................................................................53
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Adding Groups.............................................................................................................55
Admin Password..........................................................................................................56
Network.................................................................................................................. 57
Jumbo Frame................................................................................................................57
Web server......................................................................................................................59
MySQL server................................................................................................................60
System-Settings.................................................................................................. 61
Name, Date and Time.................................................................................................61
System-Storage................................................................................................... 63
Check Disk......................................................................................................................63
Format a Drive...............................................................................................................65
Adding Storage............................................................................................................67
Remove Disk..................................................................................................................71
System Backup..................................................................................................... 72
Time Machine................................................................................................................72
System-Backup.............................................................................................................77
RAID Arrays........................................................................................................... 85
RAID Scanning..................................................................................................... 96
System - Maintenance....................................................................................... 97
E-mail Notification.......................................................................................................97
System - Power Management........................................................................ 99
UPS Settings..................................................................................................................99
Sleep Timer....................................................................................................................100
Restoring Factory Defaults.......................................................................................102
Format the LinkStation..............................................................................................105
Online Update...............................................................................................................106
Extensions............................................................................................................. 107
WebAccess.....................................................................................................................107
Network-USB Server...................................................................................................108
Print Server.....................................................................................................................110
BitTorrent Client...........................................................................................................117
DLNA Server..................................................................................................................119
Using iTunes with the Media Server.....................................................................128
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Squeezebox Server.....................................................................................................129
Flickr Support................................................................................................................130
Eye-Fi connected.........................................................................................................133
Chapter 3
NAS Navigator2....................................................................... 135
Chapter 4
Web Admin interface............................................................... 140
Home....................................................................................................................... 140
Shared Folders..................................................................................................... 141
Users/Groups........................................................................................................ 144
Network.................................................................................................................. 147
System.................................................................................................................... 154
Extensions............................................................................................................. 168
Appendix.................................................................................. 173
Specifications....................................................................................................... 173
Default Settings................................................................................................... 174
Mapping Additional Shares............................................................................ 175
Windows.........................................................................................................................175
Mac OS X.........................................................................................................................176
Software................................................................................................................. 177
Info folder.............................................................................................................. 180
Status LED (LS-VL, LS-XHL, LS-CHL).............................................................. 181
Status LED (LS-WVL, LS-WXL)......................................................................... 184
Status LED (LS-WSXL)........................................................................................ 188
Status LED (LS-QVL)........................................................................................... 191
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Compliance Information.................................................................................. 196
Troubleshooting.................................................................................................. 197
Data Backup.......................................................................................................... 199
GPL Information.................................................................................................. 199
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4
Chapter 1
Setup
LinkNavigator Setup (LS-VL, LS-XHL, LS-CHL)
1
Connect the LinkStation with an Ethernet cable and the included AC adapter. Plug the power
cord into a surge protector or power outlet. Connect the Ethernet cable to a router, hub, or
switch on your network. The Ethernet cable will “click” and lock in place when inserted properly.
LinkStation
Network
(Router or Hub)
2
Move the Power Mode Switch on the back of the LinkStation to the ON
position.
Note: Do not set the Power Mode Switch to AUTO at this time. After
the initial installation is complete, then the Auto Power Mode
may be used.
3
Wait until the power LED stops blinking and glows a steady blue.
Power LED
4
Insert the Utility CD in your computer’s CD drive. LinkNavigator will launch.
Click [Begin Installation]. The wizard will guide you through installation.
If LinkNavigator does not launch automatically, open the
Utility CD and double-click [LSNavi.exe].
This example shows a LinkStation Pro (LS-VL). Your screen
may be slightly different.
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Chapter1 Setup
Notes: If you are using Windows 7 or Vista, the autoplay screen may appear. Click [Run LSNavi.
exe].
If “Do you want to allow the following program to make changes to this computer?” is displayed in Windows 7, please click [Yes].
If “A program needs your permission to continue” is displayed in Windows Vista, please click [Continue].
For OS X, double-click on the LinkNavigator icon in the utility CD.
If you have problems installing, temporarily disable your anti-virus software and
software firewall. After setup is complete, re-enable the software.
If your computer does not have a CD drive, you may download the LinkNavigator
software from www.buffalotech.com.
5
Click [Finish] or [Complete]. NAS Navigator2 starts automatically.
6
7
In NAS Navigator2, double-click your LinkStation’s icon.
The LinkStation’s shared folder opens. You can now use the LinkStation’s shared folder to save
files just like any other folders.
Note: With Mac OS, the LinkStation is mounted as a drive icon on the desktop, or it is displayed in
the sidebar of the Finder.
Setup is now complete.
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Chapter1 Setup
LinkNavigator Setup (LS-WVL, LS-WXL)
1
Connect the LinkStation with an Ethernet cable and the included AC adapter. Plug the power
cord into a surge protector or power outlet. Connect the Ethernet cable to a router, hub, or
switch on your network. The Ethernet cable will “click” and lock in place when inserted properly.
LinkStation
Network
(Router or Hub)
2
Move the Power Mode Switch on the back of the LinkStation to the ON
position.
Note: Do not set the Power Mode Switch to AUTO at this time. After
the initial installation is complete, then the Auto Power Mode
may be used.
3
Wait until the power LED stops blinking and glows a steady blue.
Power LED
᫖ໃʳʽʡ
4
Insert the Utility CD in your computer’s CD drive. LinkNavigator will launch.
Click [Begin Installation]. The wizard will guide you through installation.
If LinkNavigator does not launch automatically, open the
Utility CD and double-click [LSNavi.exe].
This example shows a LinkStation Pro Duo (LS-WVL). Your
screen may be slightly different.
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Chapter1 Setup
Notes: If you are using Windows 7 or Vista, the autoplay screen may appear. Click [Run LSNavi.
exe].
If “Do you want to allow the following program to make changes to this computer?” is displayed in Windows 7, please click [Yes].
If “A program needs your permission to continue” is displayed in Windows Vista, please click [Continue].
For OS X, double-click on the LinkNavigator icon in the utility CD.
If you have problems installing, temporarily disable your anti-virus software and
software firewall. After setup is complete, re-enable the software.
If your computer does not have a CD drive, you may download the LinkNavigator
software from www.buffalotech.com.
5
Click [Finish] or [Complete]. NAS Navigator2 starts automatically.
6
7
In NAS Navigator2, double-click your LinkStation’s icon.
The LinkStation’s shared folder opens. You can now use the LinkStation’s shared folder to save
files just like any other folders.
Note: With Mac OS, the LinkStation is mounted as a drive icon on the desktop, or it is displayed in
the sidebar of the Finder.
Setup is now complete.
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8
Chapter1 Setup
LinkNavigator Setup (LS-WSXL)
1
Connect the LinkStation with the AC adaptor and an Ethernet cable. Plug the power cord into a
surge protector or power outlet. Connect the Ethernet cable to a router, hub, or switch on your
network. The Ethernet cable will “click” and lock in place when inserted properly.
LinkStation
Network
(Router or Hub)
2
Move the Power Mode Switch on the back of the LinkStation to ON.
Note: Do not set the Power Mode Switch to AUTO at this time.
After the initial installation is complete, then the Auto
Power Mode may be used.
3
Wait until the power LED stops blinking and glows a steady blue.
Power LED
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Chapter1 Setup
4
Insert the Utility CD in your computer’s CD drive. LinkNavigator will launch.
Click [Begin Installation]. The wizard will guide you through installation.
Notes: If LinkNavigator does not launch automatically, open the Utility CD and double-click
[LSNavi.exe].
If you are using Windows 7 or Vista, the autoplay screen may appear. Click [Run LSNavi.
exe].
If “Do you want to allow the following program to make changes to this computer ?” is
displayed in Windows 7, please click [Yes].
If “A program needs your permission to continue” is displayed in Windows Vista, please
click [Continue].
For Mac OS, double-click on the LinkNavigator icon in the utility CD.
If you have problems installing, temporarily disable your anti-virus software and software
firewall. After setup is complete, re-enable the software.
If your computer does not have a CD drive, you may download the LinkNavigator software from www.buffalotech.com.
5
Click [Finish] or [Complete]. NAS Navigator2 starts automatically.
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Chapter1 Setup
6
7
Double-click your LinkStation's icon in the NAS Navigator2
window.
The LinkStation’s shared folder opens. You can now use the LinkStation’s shared folder to save
files just like any other folders.
Note: With OS X, the LinkStation is mounted as a drive on the desktop or displayed in the
sidebar of the Finder.
Setup is now complete.
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Chapter1 Setup
LinkNavigator Setup (LS-QVL)
1
Connect the LinkStation with an Ethernet cable and the included AC adapter. Plug the power
cord into a surge protector or power outlet. Connect the Ethernet cable to a router, hub, or
switch on your network. The Ethernet cable will “click” and lock in place when inserted properly.
Network
(Router or Hub)
2
LinkStation
Hold down the power button on the front of the LinkStation for one
second. The blue Power LED will blink as the LinkStation boots. When
the LinkStation is ready, the LED will stop blinking and glow steadily.
Note:
The power mode switch on the rear should be set to Manual,
not Auto. The Auto position will be usable after initial setup is
complete.
3
Power button
Power LED
Insert the Utility CD in your computer’s CD drive. LinkNavigator will launch.
Click [Begin Installation]. The wizard will guide you through installation.
If LinkNavigator does not launch automatically, open the
Utility CD and double-click [LSNavi.exe].
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Chapter1 Setup
Notes: If you are using Windows 7 or Vista, the autoplay screen may appear. Click [Run LSNavi.
exe].
If “Do you want to allow the following program to make changes to this computer?” is
displayed in Windows 7, please click [Yes].
If “A program needs your permission to continue” is displayed in Windows Vista, please
click [Continue].
For OS X, double-click on the LinkNavigator icon in the utility CD.
If you have problems installing, temporarily disable your anti-virus software and
software firewall. After setup is complete, re-enable the software.
If your computer does not have a CD drive, you may download the LinkNavigator
software from www.buffalotech.com.
4
Click [Finish] or [Complete]. NAS Navigator2 starts automatically.
5
6
In NAS Navigator2, double-click your LinkStation’s icon.
The LinkStation’s shared folder opens. You can now use the LinkStation’s shared folder to save
files just like any other folders.
Note: With Mac OS, the LinkStation is mounted as a drive icon on the desktop, or it is displayed in
the sidebar of the Finder.
Setup is now complete.
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Chapter1 Setup
Diagrams and Layout (LS-VL, LS-XHL, LS-CHL)
Front
1
1
2
2
LinkStation User Manual
Power LED
Blue LED: Power on.
LED is OFF: Power off.
Blinks blue:During startup or shutdown.
Amber light is flashing: The amber light flashes if there is a
message. Flashing pattern varies depending
on the message. For more information, refer to
"Status LED" on page 183. .
Red light is flashing: Red light flashes when an error occurs.
Flashing pattern varies depending on the
message. For more information, refer to "Status
LED" on page 181. .
Function Button
The Function button initiates direct copy, dismounts USB
devices, and is used to initialize the LinkStation
14
Chapter1 Setup
Back
3
Fan
Do not block the fan when installing the unit.
4
USB 2.0 Connector
You may attach a USB device such as a digital camera,
printer, memory card reader, or hard drive. USB hubs, mice,
keyboards, and all-in-one printers are not supported. USB
card readers that support multiple memory cards may not
function properly.
5
Power Mode Switch
3
4
6
7
5
8
5
7
LinkStation User Manual
AUTO: Automatically powers the LinkStation on and off with
your computer.
ON:
OFF:
Turns the LinkStation on.
Turns the LinkStation off.
6
LAN Port Connect an Ethernet cable here. The Link/Act
LED by the LAN port turns green when the unit is connected
to the network and flashes when there is network activity.
7
Power Connector Connect the AC adapter here. When it’s
connected properly, the LED to the right will glow green.
8
Hook
Use as a strain relief for the AC adapter cable.
8
15
Chapter1 Setup
Diagrams and Layout (LS-WVL, LS-WXL)
Front
Back
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
10
11
12
Note: – Please do not lift the LinkStation by its front cover. It might come off.
1 Power LED
Blue LED: Power on.
LED is off: Power off.
Blinks blue: During startup or shutdown.
2 Function LED
The Function LED glows blue when direct copy is finished, during initialization, and during
USB dismounting (about 60 seconds). During direct copy it blinks blue.
3 Info/Error LED
The Info/Error LED blinks orange when there’s a message and red when there’s an error.
4 Function Button
The Function button initiates direct copy, dismounts USB devices, and is used to initialize the
LinkStation.
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Chapter1 Setup
5 USB 2.0 connector
You may attach a USB device such as a digital camera, printer, memory card reader, or hard
drive. USB hubs, mice, keyboards, and all-in-one printers are not supported. USB card
readers that support multiple memory cards may not function properly.
6 Power Mode Switch
AUTO: The LinkStation turns on and off automatically with your PC (s).
ON: The LinkStation boots and is operational.
OFF: The LinkStation shuts down.
7 LAN Port
Connect to your LAN with an Ethernet cable.
8 Link/Act LED
Glows green for connection.
Blinks green for access.
9 Power connector
The AC adaptor connects here.
10 Fan
Do not block the fan when installing the unit.
11 Security lock for anti-theft
Many security cables are compatible with this lock.
12 Hook
Secure the Power cable so that it does not come off by mistake. Slide the cable down to
secure.
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Chapter1 Setup
Diagrams and Layout (LS-WSXL)
Front
Back
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
1 Function Button
The Function Button initiates direct copy, dismounts USB devices, and is used to initialize the
LinkStation.
2 Function LED
The Function LED glows blue when direct copy is finished, during initialization, and during
USB dismounting (about 60 seconds). During direct copy the Function LED blinks blue.
3 Link/Act LED
Glows green for connection.
Blinks green for access.
4 Info/Error LED
The Info/Error LED blinks orange when there’s a message and red when there’s an error.
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Chapter1 Setup
5 Power LED (LinkStation)
Blue LED: Power on.
LED is off: Power off.
Blinks blue: During startup or shutdown.
6 Security lock for anti-theft
Many security cables are compatible with this lock.
7 USB 2.0 connector
You may attach a USB device such as a digital camera, printer, memory card reader, or hard
drive. USB hubs, mice, keyboards, and all-in-one printers are not supported. USB card
readers that support multiple memory cards may not function properly.
8 Power Mode Switch
AUTO: The LinkStation turns on and off automatically with your PC(s).
ON: The LinkStation boots and is operational.
OFF: The LinkStation shuts down and turns off.
9 Power connector
The AC adaptor connects here.
10 LAN Port
Connect to your LAN with an Ethernet cable.
11 Hook
Secure the Power cable so that it does not come off by mistake. Slide the cable down to
secure.
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Chapter1 Setup
Diagrams and Layout (LS-QVL)
Front
Back
1
2
7
8
3
4
5
6
9
10
5
11
12
13
14
15
1 Power Button
Power on: Press the power button to turn on.
Power off: Press and hold the power button for 3 seconds.
2 Power LED
Blue LED: Power on.
LED is off: Power off.
Blinks blue: During startup or shutdown.
Amber light is flashing: The amber light flashes if there is a message. Flashing pattern varies
depending on the message. For more information, refer to “Status LED” on page 193.
Red light is flashing: Red light flashes when an error occurs. Flashing pattern varies
depending on the message. For more information, refer to “Status LED” on page 191. 
3 Function Button
Use this button to perform the following operations:
• DirectCopy
• Removal of USB devices
• Restoring factory defaults
4 Function LED
The Function LED glows blue when operating the function button.
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Chapter1 Setup
5 USB 2.0 Connector
You may attach a USB device such as a digital camera, printer, memory card reader, or hard
drive. USB hubs, mice, keyboards, and all-in-one printers are not supported. USB card readers
that support multiple memory cards may not function properly.
6 ~ 9 Status LEDs 1 to 4
These display the status of the hard drive corresponding to the drive number.
Glowing green: Normal operation (flashes during access)
Glowing red: An error occurred in the hard drive. Replace the hard drive for the drive number
that is lit red.
10 Power Mode Switch
Switches between AUTO and MANUAL power modes (page 26).
11 LINK/ACT LED
Glowing green: Linked
Flashing green: Accessing
12 LAN Port
Connect to a router, hub, or switch on your Ethernet network.
13 Power Connector
Use the included AC cable to connect.
14 Fan
Do not block the fan.
15 Anti-Theft Security Slot
You can also secure it using an off-the-shelf wire lock.
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Chapter 2
Using your LinkStation
Opening the Shared Folder
1
Launch NAS Navigator2.
Notes: In Windows, click [Start] - [(All) Programs] - [BUFFALO] - [BUFFALO NAS Navigator2] [BUFFALO NAS Navigator2].
In Mac OS, double click on the [NAS Navigator2] icon in the Dock.
2
3
Double click on the LinkStation's icon.
The LinkStation’s shared folder opens.
Note: In OS X, the share is mounted as a drive icon on the desktop, or displayed in the sidebar
of the Finder.
You can now use the LinkStation’s shared folder to save files just like any other folders.
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Using your LinkStation
Opening the shared folder from another PC
After the LinkStation is installed on one computer, you don’t have to go through the full installation
to add a second computer. Just install NAS Navigator2 on each additional computer to access the
LinkStation.
1
Insert the Utility CD in your computer’s CD drive. LinkNavigator will launch.
Notes: If LinkNavigator does not open, open the Utility CD and double-click
[LSNavi.exe].
If you are using Windows 7 or Vista, the autoplay screen may appear. Click [Run LSNavi.
exe’]
If “Do you want to allow the following program to make changes to this computer ?”is
displayed in Windows 7, please click [Yes].
If “A program needs your permission to continue” is displayed in Windows Vista, please
click [Continue].
For Mac OS, double-click on the LinkNavigator icon in the utility CD.
2
Click [Options] - [Additional Software Installation].
For Mac OS, click [Install NAS Navigator].
3
Follow the instruction on the screen to install NAS Navigator2.
4
After NAS Navigator2 is installed, click
LinkStation User Manual
at the top right top of the installer window to close it.
23
Using your LinkStation
5
Launch NAS Navigator2:
In Windows, click [Start] - [(All) Programs] - [BUFFALO] - [BUFFALO NAS Navigator2] - [BUFFALO
NAS Navigator2].
In OS X, double-click on the [NAS Navigator2] icon in the Dock.
6
7
Double-click on the LinkStation icon.
The LinkStation’s shared folder opens.
Note: On Mac OS, LinkStation is mounted as a drive icon on the desktop, or displayed in the
sidebar on the Finder.
Setup is complete. You can now use the LinkStation’s shared folder to save files just like any other
folders.
Adding another LinkStations
To add one or more additional LinkStations to your network, rerun the installation program for each
one.
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Using your LinkStation
Power Modes
The LinkStation can automatically turn on and off with your computers. To use this feature, install
NAS Navigator2 on each computer and then set the Power Mode Switch to the AUTO position.
LS-VL, XHL, CHL
LS-WVL, WXL
LS-WSXL
AUTO: When the switch is in the AUTO position, the LinkStation automatically turns off when all
computers on the network with NAS Navigator2 turn off. If any computer on the network is
powered on, the LinkStation automatically powers on as well.
ON: The LinkStation stays on, even when all computers are off.
OFF: Turns the LinkStation off.
Notes: Never disconnect power from the LinkStation while the switch is in the ON position.
The Auto Power Mode may not work in some network environments. If this occurs, move the
switch to the ON position to use the LinkStation.
After all computers are powered down, it may take several minutes for the LinkStation to
shut down.
During initial setup, leave the Power Mode Switch in the ON position. Do not move it to the
AUTO position until the unit is set up and NAS Navigator2 is installed on all computers that
will access the LinkStation.
If a power outage disconnects power from the LinkStation while it’s in Auto Power Mode,
will not power on automatically when power is restored. Move the Power Mode Switch to
the ON position to power on the LinkStation. Once the unit has booted, you can move the
Power Mode Switch back to the AUTO position.
Immediately after the Power Mode Switch is switched to the AUTO position, it will not shut
down for at least 5 minutes even if all PCs on the network are turned off.
The LinkStation models with multiple hard drives do not shut down during RAID initialization
or rebuild.
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Using your LinkStation
LS-QVL
Manual (default):
In this position, the power button on the front of the LinkStation turns it on and off. It is not affected
by the power state of connected computers.
Auto:
In this position, if all connected computers are turned off, the LinkStation will turn off too. If a
connected computer is powered on, the LinkStation will power on too.
Notes:
• After you turn off your computer, it may take several minutes for the LinkStation to shut down.
• When the Power Mode Switch is changed from Auto to Manual or vice-versa, it takes about five
minutes for the change to take effect.
• Power on the LinkStation before moving the switch to the Auto position.
• Install NAS Navigator2 on all computers that will be accessing the LinkStation before switching to
Auto Power Mode.
• Some networks may not support the Auto Power Mode. If you have problems with it, just use
Manual Power Mode.
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26
Using your LinkStation
Changing the IP Address
Normally, the LinkStation’s IP address is set automatically from a DHCP server on your network. If
you prefer, you can set it manually. To change the LinkStation’s IP address settings, your computer
should be connected to the same router (subnet) as the LinkStation and should be running NAS
Navigator2 (included on your LinkNavigator CD).
1
2
For a PC, double-click the [NAS Navigator2] icon on your Desktop. For a Mac, click the [NAS
Navigator2] icon in the Dock. NAS Navigator2 will launch.
For a PC, right-click your TeraStation's icon and choose [Properties] - [IP Settings]. For a Mac,
hold the Control key, click on your TeraStation's icon, then click [Configure] - [IP Address].
3
Uncheck [Obtain IP address automatically via DHCP.].
Enter the desired [IP Address] and [Subnet Mask]. Click
[OK], or [Apply] if you’re using a Mac.
You’ve configured a static IP address for the LinkStation. To return to using DHCP, reopen the
Network Properties screen and recheck [Obtain IP address automatically via DHCP].
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Using your LinkStation
Web Admin interface
To open the LinkStation’s web-based administration interface, follow the steps below.
1
Launch NAS Navigator2.
In Windows, click [Start] - [(All) Programs] - [BUFFALO] - [BUFFALO NAS Navigator2] - [BUFFALO
NAS Navigator2].
In OS X, double click on [NAS Navigator2] icon in the Dock.
2
In Windows, right-click on the LinkStation’s icon. In
OS X, click the icon while holding down the control
key. Select [Open Web Admin] in the displayed menu.
If 2 or more LinkStations and TeraStations are
connected on the network, multiple icons will be
displayed. Right-click on the unit that you want to
display.
When a LinkStation’s icon is selected, information
about its settings appears in the bottom right of the
window.
3
Enter your username and password, and click [Login].
The default username and password are:
Username: admin
Password: password
After you log in, refer to page 56 to change the
password for security purposes. .
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Using your LinkStation
4
The Web Admin interface opens. The LinkStation’s
name, IP address, workgroup and hard disk
information are displayed on the left side of the
window.
Note: The Web Admin interface is compatible with Internet Explorer 6.0 Service Pack 2 or later,
Firefox 1.5 or later, and Safari 3 or later.
The Web Admin interface contains the following sections.
• [Shared Folders]
Add/delete shared folders, set access restrictions, and configure direct copy.
• [Users/Groups]
Register and delete users and groups.
• [Network]
Register and delete networks and workgroups.
• [System]
Configure name, time, disk check format, backup, mail notification settings, timers,
UPS synchronization settings, initialization, and format drives.
• [Extensions]
Configure WebAccess, Media Server, Print Server, BitTorrent, and Time Machine.
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Using your LinkStation
To open the Web Admin interface from a different computer, open a browser and type the LinkStation’s IP
address into the URL field.
With a Mac, you can open the Web Admin interface from Bonjour as described below.
1 Launch Safari.
2 Select [View] - [View Bookmark Bar] from Safari’s menu.
3
Select [Bonjour] from the left-side menu,
then click on your LinkStation in the
bookmark list.
4
1 Enter your username and password.
2 Click [Login].
Note:To log in as a guest, enter "guest"
as the username and leave the password
blank.
5
The Web Admin interface opens.
The LinkStation’s name, IP address and drive
information are displayed on the left.
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30
Using your LinkStation
Adding shared folders
By default, the LinkStation includes one shared folder “share”. You may add additional folders as
follows.
1
1 In the Web Admin interface, click [Shared
Folders] - [Folder Setup].
2 Click [Create Folder].
2
1 Enter desired characteristics for the new share.
Note: If you would like to copy the settings of an
existing folder, select a source folder from
the [Copy Settings From] dropdown.
2 Click [Save].
You have created a new share.
• Preventing accidental deletion of data
To protect your data from accidental deletion, you may enable a Recycle Bin for each shared folder.
Only SMB and CIFS connections can use a Recycle Bin. If the Recycle Bin is enabled, data that is
deleted from the shared folder is temporarily moved to the Recycle Bin folder. To restore the deleted
data, open the Recycle Bin folder and move the files back to the share.
Note:
• After the Recycle Bin is enabled, the Recycle Bin folder is created when a file or folder is deleted
from the shared folder. The Recycle Bin folder is not created immediately after it is enabled.
• To set a shared folder to Read-Only
In the Shared Folders settings window, select Read-Only for the [Shared Folder Attributes] and click
[Apply].
Notes:
• The default setting is [Read & Write].
• Data in a shared folder that is set to Read-Only can be written only by users and groups with write
access.
• Read-Only shared folders and NTFS/HFS+ formatted USB hard drives will have “(Read Only)” added
to the shared folder description.
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Using your LinkStation
Notes:
• File and folder names should contain 255 single-byte characters or less (UTF-8). DBCS characters
(such as Japanese) count as two characters (2 bytes) each. File and folder names should contain
255 bytes of data or less. You may not be able to copy a folder or file whose name contains more
than 255 bytes of information.
• You cannot set hidden or read-only attributes to subfolders or files on the LinkStation.
• If non-Roman alphabetical folder names or workgroup names do not display properly, rename the
folder or workgroup with Roman alphabetical characters.
• Please do not use any of the following words as the name of a shared folder. These words are
reserved for internal use by the LinkStation:
info, spool, usbdisk1, usbdisk2, usbdisk3, usbdisk4, lost+found, global, printers, homes, lp, auth,
test, ram, disk1, disk2, disk3, disk4, array1, array2, msdfs_root, mt-daapd
• The following characters are handled differently by Mac OS X and Windows. Avoid using these
characters when sharing data between Mac OS X and Windows:
• The following characters are not displayed correctly by Windows, or by a Mac connected to the
LinkStation via SMB. Avoid their use in file names that will be used with the LinkStation.
• Never turn off the LinkStation or unplug its Ethernet cable while data is being written. Doing so
may result in an incomplete file that cannot be opened or deleted. If this happens, restart the
LinkStation, delete the file, then retry copying the file.
• Your OS may update the date and timestamp stored on the LinkStation’s hard drive, or on a USB
drive connected to the LinkStation. This might result in inaccurate information for date-created or
date-accessed data on the LinkStation.
• In the Web Admin interface, or from Mac OS X 10.6 or later, drive size is displayed in gigabytes,
where 1 gigabyte = 1,000,000,000 bytes. This is also how drive capacity is expressed on your
LinkStation’s packaging. However, if you check the drive size from an older Mac, or from
a Windows computer, it may display the size of the drive in gibibytes, where 1 gibibyte =
1,073,741,824 bytes. Since a gibibyte is larger than a gigabyte, the displayed drive capacity will be
a smaller number than the actual drive size.
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Using your LinkStation
Access Restrictions
There are several ways to restrict access to users of a LinkStation.
Access restrictions for Users and/or Groups on the LinkStation
The next page describes how to configure access restrictions for local users and/or groups.
Access Restrictions on NT Domain
Follow the procedure on page 36 to configure.
Access Restrictions on Active Directory
Follow the procedure on page 38 to configure.
Notes:
• This chapter describes the procedure to use Active Directory with Windows 2000 Server,
Server 2003, and Server 2008.
• Depending on the security settings, the LinkStation may not be able to join a domain, or
may be able to join but not be authenticated by a domain. In such a case, restrict access by
delegating authority.
Access restrictions by using the Delegate Authority server feature
Follow the procedure on page 40 to configure.
Notes:
• Permissions are assigned to shared folders. Child folders in a shared folder inherit their
permissions from the parent folder. If a file or folder is moved into a new shared folder
with different permissions from the folder it was originally in, it will now have the access
restrictions from the new shared folder.
• When accessing the LinkStation from Windows via SMB, changing permissions from the
folder’s security tab in the properties screen of a folder is not supported. Access restrictions
for shared folders on the LinkStation can only be configured from within the Web Admin
interface.
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Using your LinkStation
Restricting access for Users and Groups on the LinkStation
You can set access restrictions for shared folders by username or group names for users that are
registered on the LinkStation.
1
Create new user accounts and passwords in Windows, or record existing Windows usernames
and passwords. Each account on the LinkStation will have the same username and password
as the user’s Windows account.
2
Register users and groups on the LinkStation.
1 Add users as described on page 53.
2 Add groups as described on page 55.
3
Configure access restrictions for groups and/or users.
1
2
LinkStation User Manual
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [Shared
Folders] - [Folder Setup].
Click a shared folder you want to set access
restrictions for.
34
Using your LinkStation
3
Check [Access Restrictions] to enable.
4
Click [Add].
Note: The procedure described here shows how to
set access restrictions for users. To set access
restrictions for a group of users, click [Local
Groups] - [Add].
5
1 Check the users (or groups) that you want to
permit to access the share.
.
2 Click [Add].
6
Select the level of access for the user or group you
added.
7 Click [Save].
You have assigned access restrictions.
• If you log on from a Microsoft Network Domain, you can set the [Access Restrictions] with the users
and/or groups which are registered on the domain.
• If both [Read only] and [Read & Write] permissions are given to a user, that user will have read-only
access.
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Using your LinkStation
Access Restrictions on NT Domain
The LinkStation can download users, groups, and passwords from an NT Domain server. This
procedure is recommended for system administrators only.
Note: The LS-CHL LinkStation doesn’t support NT Domain in the US and the EU.
1
Create an account on the Domain Controller for the LinkStation.
Note: If there is an option to “Accept accounts for computers with Windows 2000 or earlier”,
then select it.
2
Click [Network] - [Workgroup/Domain] - [Modify
Settings] in the Web Admin interface.
3
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Select [NT Domain].
Enter [NT Domain Name].
Enter [NT Domain Controller Name].
Enter [Administrator Name].
Enter [Administrator Password].
Enter [WINS Server IP Address].(Optional)
Click [Save].
Follow the instructions in the previous section to add access restrictions to the domain.
Notes:• You can enter up to 23 bytes(UTF-8) for [NT Domain Name]. Alphanumeric characters,
multi-byte characters, -(hyphen), _(underscore), and .(dot) may be used. Do not use a
symbol as the first character.
• You can enter up to 63 bytes(UTF-8) for [NT Domain Controller Name]. Do not use multibyte characters. Alphanumeric characters, -(hyphen), and _(underscore) may be used. Do
not use a symbol as the first character.
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Using your LinkStation
Notes:• If you change the LinkStation’s name, you will no longer be able to use domain users and
groups or access restrictions. Rejoin the domain.
• If a domain user name contains more than 20 bytes, the LinkStation truncates it to 20 bytes.
• The LinkStation only downloads the first 1000 users or the first 1000 groups from a domain
controller.
• If you operate LinkStation as a member server of NT Domain or Active Directory domain,
you cannot connect as a guest user via AFP.
• When you change the user or group settings on the domain controller, these changes may
not take effects immediately on LinkStation. If you need to reflect changes on the domain
controller immediately, reboot LinkStation.
• If your LinkStation is a member server in NT Domain or Active Directory domain and you
change the [Authentication Method] to [Workgroup] in [Network] - [Workgroup/Domain]
- [Modify Settings] on the Web Admin interface, the computer account on the domain
controller will not be deleted automatically.
• If it has joined a domain network, you cannot connect to the LinkStation via FTP.
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Using your LinkStation
Access Restrictions on Active Directory
The LinkStation can download users, groups, and passwords from an Active Directory domain
server. This procedure is recommended for system administrators only.
Note: The LS-CHL LinkStation doesn’t support Active Directory in the US and the EU.
1
Create an account on the Domain Controller for the LinkStation.
Note: If there is an option to “Accept accounts for computers with Windows 2000 or earlier”,
then select it.
2
Click [Network] - [Workgroup/Domain] - [Modify
Settings] in the Web Admin interface.
3
4
1 Select [Active Directory].
2 Enter [Active Directory Domain Name (NetBIOS
Name)].
3 Enter [Active Directory Domain Name (DNS/Realm
Name)].
4 Enter [Active Directory Domain Controller Name].
5 Enter [Administrator Name].
6 Enter [Administrator Password].
7 Enter [WINS Server IP Address]. (Optional).
8 Click [Save].
Follow the instructions on page 34 to 35 to add Access Restrictions to Domain Users/Domain
Groups.
You have completed the settings for this feature. .
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Using your LinkStation
Notes:• When you have the LinkStation joined to an Active Directory domain, you must specify the
DNS Server which can resolve names for Active Directory domain.
• After building an Active Directory domain, the administrator’s password which is
needed to join the Active Directory domain must be changed at least once, or joining the
Active Directory domain will fail.
• Active Directory domain’s DNS name and NetBIOS name must be identical.
• If there are more than 5 minutes differences between the LinkStation’s clock and
the domain controller’s clock, joining the domain or authenticating domain user or group
may fail.
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Using your LinkStation
Access restrictions by using the Delegate Authority server feature
You may administer all user accounts and passwords centrally from a delegate server as described
below. This procedure is intended for network administrators only.
Notes:•You can set access restrictions on shared folders. You cannot set different restrictions on folders in a shared folder. Child folders in a shared folder inherit their permissions from the parent folder.
•When accessing the LinkStation from Windows via SMB, changing permissions from the folder’s security tab in the properties screen of a folder is not supported. Access restrictions for shared folders on the LinkStation can only be configured from within the Web Admin interface.
There are restrictions when administrating through a delegate authority server:
•
To access the LinkStation, you must be logged into Windows with the account
registered to the authentication server.
•
If you use the Delegate Authority option, you cannot connect as a guest user via AFP.
•
If you use the Delegate Authority option, you cannot connect anonymously via FTP.
•
If the LinkStation is connected to Mac OS X 10.7 (Lion) via SMB, shared folders that
were set with access restrictions cannot be opened. In this case, use AFP to connect.
To connect via AFP, enable AFP in [Network] - [Network Services] and select [Apple] in
[Shared Folders] - [Shared Folder Support].
Notes:
Windows 7/Vista and Windows Server 2003/Server 2008 users need to change the security settings
to use the Delegate Authority to External SMB server feature to restrict access.
[Start] - [BUFFALO] - [File Security Tool] - [File Security Tool], and then select [Change Security
level] to change the security settings (Select "Recover default security level" change it back to the
previous setting).
You may download the latest version of the File Sharing Security Level Change Tool from
www.buffalotech.com.
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Using your LinkStation
1
1 In the Web Admin interface, navigate to
[Network] - [Workgroup/Domain].
2 Click [Modify Settings].
2
3
LinkStation User Manual
1 Click [Workgroup] (even if you are in a domain
environment).
2 Enter the [Workgroup Name]. To use a
Windows Domain Controller as an external
SMB authentication server, enter its name for
the [Workgroup Name].
3 Select [Delegate Authority to External SMB
Server].
1 Enter the [Authentication Server Name or IP
Address] .
Note: When connecting with AFP or FTP, an IP
address is recommended.
2 Check [Use Windows Domain Controller as
Authentication Server], [Automatic User
Registration] and [Enable Authentication
Shared Folder].
3 Enter the shared folder name for
authentication.
4 Click [Save].
41
Using your LinkStation
4
The shared folder for authentication should be created on the LinkStation
A user that has been registered to the specified authentication server will be automatically
registered as a user on the LinkStation when they open the shared folder for authentication (you
can also register users directly).
Configuration of the Authentication Server is complete.
Notes:
• A user who is automatically registered will belong to the “hdusers” group. They added to
other groups from within Group settings.
• You can restrict access to shared folders by username or group.
• The names of registered users are listed in [Users/Groups] - [External Users]. To delete an
automatically registered user, select that user and click [Delete].
• When connecting through AFP or FTP, always use an IP address. Using a server name may
cause problems with authentication.
• To specify a server from another subnet, enter its IP address.
• AFP and FTP connections do not support delegating authority to an external SMB server.
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Using your LinkStation
Disk Quotas
Notes:
• When using quotas, disable the recycle bin or empty the trash folder. The limited space
includes the space used for trash.
• Quotas apply per drive or per array. If a Quota is set to 1 GB, each drive or array can use
maximum of 1 GB.
• Quotas can’t be set for external USB hard drives connected to the LinkStation, only internal
drives.
• The LS-CHL LinkStation doesn’t support disk quotas in the US and the EU.
Disk space quotas for users
To limit the space of shared folders that each user can use, follow the procedure below.
1
1 In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [Users/
Groups] - [Local Users].
2 Click [Create User].
2
1 Enter [Username], [User Id], [Password], and
[Description].
Note: User IDs may be between 1000 and 1999. Do
not duplicate user IDs.
2 Check [Enable] for [User Quota].
3 Enter the maximum space this user is allowed for
the [Hard Limit (GB)].
4 Click [Save].
Notes:
• Username and password must be the same one that the user logs into Windows with. If
these values are different, shared folders with access restrictions cannot be accessed.
• Deleting or adding users repeatedly may cause quotas to not work properly.
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Using your LinkStation
3
Select [Shared Folders] - [Folder Setup] and click [Create Folder].
4
1 Configure the desired settings.
2 Click [Access Restrictions].
5
Click [Add].
6
1 Check the user you created in step 2.
2 Click [Add].
7
8
Select level of access privileges for the user you added
from [Read Only] or [Read & Write].
Click [Save].
You’ve configured a disk quota for users.
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Using your LinkStation
Disk space quotas for groups
To limit the space of shared folders that each group can use, follow the procedure below.
1
1 In the Web Admin interface, select [Users/Groups] [Local Users].
2 Click [Create User].
2
1 Enter [Username], [User Id], [Password] and
[Description].
Note:
User IDs may be between 1000 and 1999. Do not
duplicate user IDs.
2 Click [Save].
Repeat steps 1 and 2 for each user in the group.
Notes:
• Usernames and passwords should be the same ones that the users log in to Windows with.
• If two different quotas apply, such a user quota and a group quota, the smaller quota is
applied.
3
LinkStation User Manual
1 Select [Users/Groups] - [Local Groups].
2 Click [Create Group].
45
Using your LinkStation
4
1 Enter [Group Name], [Group Id] and [Description].
Note:
The group ID may be any number from 1000 and
1999. Do not duplicate Group IDs.
2 Click [Enable] for [Group Quota].
3 Enter the total space that the group can use in the
Hard Limit (GB) field.
4 Select users from step 2 in [Local Users], and click
[Add] for each.
5 Click [Save].
Note: •Deleting and adding groups repeatedly may cause quotas to not work properly.
5
1 Click [Users/Groups] - [Local Users].
2 Select a user from step 2, and click [Edit User].
6
Select the group created in step 4 for [Primary Group]
and click [Save].
7
Click [Shared Folders] - [Folder Setup].
8
Click [Create Folder].
9
LinkStation User Manual
1 Configure the desired settings.
2 Click [Access Restrictions].
46
Using your LinkStation
10
1 Click [Local Groups].
2 Click [Add].
11
1 Check the group you created step 4.
2 Click [Add].
12
13
Select level of access privileges for group you
added from [Read Only] or [Read & Write].
Click [Save].
You have configured a group quota.
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47
Using your LinkStation
FTP Server
By default, the LinkStation’s shares are only accessible by users connected to the same network
or router as the LinkStation. The optional FTP server allows users to access the LinkStation from
outside of the local network. You may enable it as follows.
1
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to
[Network] - [Settings] - [Network Services] and
click [FTP].
2
3
1 Select [Enable].
2 Click [Save].
Click [Shared Folders] - [Folder Setup].
4
5
Click the folder to enable remote FTP access on.
1 Select whether the shared folder is [Read
Only] or [Read & Write].
2 Check [Ftp].
3 Click [Save].
The folder is now configured for FTP access. Do not forget to give read (or write) permissions for
the FTP share to any users that will be accessing the share remotely. Folder permissions can only be
changed from the Web Admin interface. Changing them remotely with FTP client software is not
supported.
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Using your LinkStation
To access to the LinkStation with an FTP client
Configure your FTP client software with the following settings:
• Host Name
IP address of the LinkStation.
• Username
Username registered on the LinkStation
• Password
Password registered to the LinkStation
• Port
21
Example ftp://192.168.11.150/
• You cannot write by FTP if the shared folder is set to read-only on the LinkStation.
• Access restrictions are applied based on the settings in the LinkStation. The restrictions
are not displayed for users without permissions for the share.
• To access your FTP share from outside of your network, you may need to configure your
router and firewall. Consult your router documentation for more information.
• Shared folders appear as follows when connected by FTP:
- disk1 share
- usbdisk1
- info
• The internal hard drive of the LinkStation is displayed as disk1, and a USB hard drive
(optional) will be displayed as usbdisk1.
• "usbdisk1" is not displayed when the USB hard drive is not connected, or if access is
restricted.
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Using your LinkStation
Accessing the LinkStation with an Anonymous user:
To allow anonymous access to your FTP share, disable access restrictions on the FTP share.
Configure your FTP client as follows:
• Host Name
IP address of the LinkStation
• Username
anonymous
• Password
any set of characters
• Port
21
Example ftp://192.168.11.150/
• To make your FTP share available from outside your network, you will need to configure
your router and firewall. Consult your router’s documentation for information on how to
allow FTP traffic.
• If the LinkStation joins a domain, anonymous users cannot access it.
• Folders created or copied via an AFP connection may not be deleted from the AFP
connection. This is because an automatically generated ".AppleDouble" folder begins
with a dot. To delete these files, use an SMB connection.
• Do not exceed 250 characters for a file/folder name including directory path when you are
creating it by using an FTP connection. Otherwise, you cannot view or delete it in Explorer
or other applications.
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Using your LinkStation
Direct Copy
DirectCopy automatically copies movie, music, and images directly to the LinkStation from a USB
device.
Direct Copy supports LinkStations that have a USB port.
You can connect many types of USB devices to the LinkStation, including USB hard drives, USB flash
drives, single-card card readers, digital cameras, and USB printers. USB hubs, mice, keyboards, and
card readers that support 2 or more cards are not supported.
1
Connect to a USB device (USB flash/digital camera/hard disk/card reader) to the LinkStation.
After the USB device is recognized, the function button or the
function LED is lit in blue for 60 seconds. After the function
button is lit in blue, you can access the USB device.
USB
Connector
Power
LED
Function
Button
2
While the function button is blue, press it to automatically copy data from the USB device to
a shared folder on the LinkStation. The function button will flash blue during the copy. Push
the function button again to abort the copy.
Note:
If using a USB device that is not in the USB mass storage class, the following limitations
apply.
• In LinkStations with firmware version 1.40 or earlier, the function button or function LED will not
flash.
• The drive will not appear in the computer screen (drive is not mounted).
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Using your LinkStation
Files are copied to the folder:
<shared folder>/pictures/yyyymmdd
yyyy: year copied
mm: month copied
dd: date copied
You may change the destination shared folder for DirectCopy in [Shared Folders] - [Direct
Copy] - [Modify Settings] in the Web Admin interface. Subsequent DirectCopy folders are
created at:
<DirectCopy folder>/pictures/yyyymmdd/n
yyyy: year copied
mm: month copied
dd: date copied
n: 1st time n=0, 2nd time n=1, 3rd time=2 and so on.
For USB Mass Storage class USB devices, files with following extensions will be copied.
avi, divx, asf, mpg, mpe, m1v, vob, mts, m2ts, m2t, mpeg, mpeg2, vdr, spts, tp, ts, 3gp, mov,
m4v, wmv, dvr-ms, xvid, mp4, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, tif, tiff, yuv, bmp, mp3, mpa, wma, aac, apl,
ac3, lpcm, pcm, wav, m3u, m4a, m4b, aif, aiff, flac, ogg, mp2, mp1
For digital cameras that do not follow the USB Mass Storage Class standard, all files on the
device will be copied.
3
When the access LED of the USB device goes off, the copy is finished. Dismount the USB
device before unplugging it.
To dismount the USB device if the LinkStation is on, hold in the function button for 3 seconds.
The blue LED will go out, and the USB device is dismounted. You may now unplug it safely.
If you turn off the LinkStation, the USB device is already dismounted, and you can remove it
safely.
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Using your LinkStation
Users/Groups
Adding Users
Add users as shown below.
1
1 In the Web Admin interface, navigate to
[Users/Groups] - [Local Users].
2 Click [Create User].
2
1 Configure the desired settings for the new
user.
2 Click [Save].
You have added a user.
Use the same username and password that the user logs into Windows with. If the username and
passwords are different, the user may not be able to access restricted shares.
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Using your LinkStation
Notes: •When using access restrictions, you can register up to 300 users on the LinkStation.
•Please do not use any of the following words as a username or a group name:
root, bin, daemon, sys, adm, tty, disk, lp, sync, shutdown, halt, operator, nobody, mail, news,
uucp, ftp, kmem, utmp, shadow, users, nogroup, all, none, hdusers, admin, guest, man,
www, sshd, administrator, ftpuser, apache, mysql
•If you are using Mac OS 9 or earlier, do not use more than 9 alphanumeric characters for the
user password, or the user will not be able to access shared folders on the LinkStation.
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Using your LinkStation
Adding Groups
Add groups as shown below:
1
1 In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [Users/
Groups] - [Local Groups].
2 Click [Create Group].
2
1 Enter [Group Name] and [Description].
2 Select users to include in the group.
3 Click [Add], then [Save].
You have added a group.
Please do not use any of the following words as a group name:
root, bin, daemon, sys, adm, tty, disk, lp, sync, shutdown, halt, operator,
nobody, mail, news, uucp, ftp, kmem, utmp, shadow, users, nogroup, all,
none, hdusers, admin, guest, man, www, sshd, administrator, ftpuser, apache, mysql
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Using your LinkStation
Admin Password
You may change the admin password as follows.
1
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [Users/
Groups] - [Local Users].
2
Select [admin] and click [Edit User].
3
1 Enter a [Username] and [Password].
2 Click [Save].
You have now changed the admin password.
Note:You cannot set access restrictions or use WebAccess with the admin account. Use the admin
account only to log in to the Web Admin interface.
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Using your LinkStation
Network
Jumbo Frame
If your other network devices support it, you may be able to increase network performance with
Jumbo Frame.
1
1 In the Web Admin interface, navigate to
[Network] - [Settings] - [Ethernet Frame Size].
2 Click [Modify Settings].
2
1 Select [Ethernet Frame Size].
2 Click [Save].
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Using your LinkStation
Notes: • To use the LinkStation with Jumbo Frame, your router/switch/hub must support Jumbo
Frame.
• To use Jumbo Frame (4102/7422/9694 bytes), your computer’s NICs and all switches, hubs,
and routers on the transmission route need to support Jumbo Frame. If any device on the
route does not support Jumbo Frame, use standard transmission (1518 bytes) instead.
• If you are using Jumbo Frame and back up data from a LinkStation/TeraStation to another
LinkStation/TeraStation, set the Ethernet frame sizes of the LinkStations/TeraStations to the
same settings (or the closest available). If the Ethernet frame sizes are significantly different,
the backup job may fail. If you have problems with backup jobs, select the default frame
size (1518 bytes).
C o n n e ction
Transmission
Transmit
Jumbo Frame
(4102/7422/9694)
LinkStation
Jumbo Frame
(4102/7422/9694)
Jumbo Frame
supported
Jumbo Frame
supported
Transmit
normally(1 5 1 8 )
LinkStation
Jumbo Frame
(4102/7422/9694)
Jumbo Frame
Supported
Jumbo Frame
not supported
Transmit
normally(1 5 1 8 )
LinkStation
Jumbo Frame
(4102/7422/9694)
Jumbo Frame
not supported
Jumbo Frame
not supported
No transmission
LinkStation
Jumbo Frame
(4102/7422/9694)
LinkStation User Manual
Jumbo Frame
not supported
Jumbo Frame
supported
58
Using your LinkStation
Web server
The LinkStation can be used as a Web server.
HTML, CGI scripts, images, and JavaScript are supported.
Notes: • The LinkStation’s Web server is for advanced users only. Do not enable it unless you
know what you’re doing.
• The LS-CHL LinkStation does not support Web server.
1
2
Navigate to [Network] – [Web Server] – [Web Server Settings] in the Web Admin interface and
click [Modify Settings].
Select [Enable] for [Web Server], choose an external port setting (81 is the default) for [Port No.]
and a Web server public folder for [Target Folder], and click [Save].
3
Edit the php.ini file to change the PHP language
interpreter settings. Instructions are in the file.
The Web server is now configured.
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Using your LinkStation
MySQL server
The LinkStation can be used as a MySQL server.
A MySQL database may be installed and linked with the web server.
Notes: • The LinkStation’s MySQL server is for advanced users only.
• Do not enable it unless you know what you’re doing.
• The LS-CHL LinkStation does not support MySQL server.
1
Navigate to [Network] – [MySQL Server] in the Web Admin interface and click [Modify Settings].
2
Select [Enable] for [MySQL Server], choose a [Port No.] and [Data Folder], and click [Save].
The MySQL server is now configured.
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Using your LinkStation
System-Settings
Name, Date and Time
Configure the LinkStation’s host name, date, or time as follows:
1
1 In the Web Admin interface, navigate to
[System] - [Settings] - [Name].
2 Click [Modify Settings].
2
Enter the [LinkStation Name] and [Description],
then click [Save].
3
1 In the Web Admin interface, navigate to
[System] - [Settings] - [Date and Time].
2 Click [Modify Settings].
4
1 Enter the [Date] and [Time].
2 Click [Save].
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Using your LinkStation
Click [Use Local Date/Time] to use your computer’s time settings for the LinkStation.
By default, the LinkStation adjust its clock automatically by using an NTP server.
NTP
NTP may not be usable in some networks.
The default NTP Server (ntp.jst.mfeed.ad.jp) belongs to Internet Multi Feed Inc. For more
information, please visit www.jst.mfeed.ad.jp.
Use NTP at your own risk. Buffalo Technology is not responsible for any loss or damage
caused by using of this service, stopping the service, or missing service.
You’ve completed hostname and time settings for the LinkStation.
Note: The LinkStation's internal clock may run at a slightly different speed from other clocks on you
network, and over a long period of time your network devices may show different times. If
clocks on your network vary by more than 5 minutes it may cause unexpected behavior. For
best results, keep all clocks on the network set to the same time by adjusting them regularly,
or use an NTP server to correct them all automatically.
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Using your LinkStation
System-Storage
Check Disk
A disk check tests the data on a drive in the LinkStation or connected via USB. Errors are fixed
automatically. A disk check may run for more than ten hours. Shared folders cannot be accessed
during the disk check. Do not turn off power to the LinkStation during the disk check.
If the Power Mode Switch is set to AUTO, then the LinkStation will turn off when the disk check is
finished.
Run a disk check as follows:
1
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [System] [Storage].
2
1 Select the hard drive to test.
2 Click [Check Disk].
3
Click [Check].
The Status LED on the front of the LinkStation will flash during the disk check.
Note: If a power outage disconnects the LinkStation in the middle of a disk check, then you
may not be able to access shares on the LinkStation from Mac OS. This is because the
database created by Mac OS is damaged. To resolve, navigate to [System] - [Storage]
- [Check Disk] and check [Delete any hidden, non-essential Mac OS dedicated files].
Rerun the disk check when done.
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Using your LinkStation
Note: If you access a shared folder from a Macintosh computer, information files for Macintosh may
be automatically generated. Do not delete these files from a Windows computer. Otherwise,
you may no longer be able to access folders from the Macintosh. If you cannot access them,
check [Delete any hidden, non-essential Mac OS dedicated files] in [System] - [Storage] [Check Disk].
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Using your LinkStation
Format a Drive
•
A format deletes all data from a hard drive. Be careful! Back up any important data on a
drive before formatting it. It will take several minutes to format a hard drive.
•
Shared folders cannot be accessed during formatting.
•
Do not turn off the power switch or disconnect power while formatting a hard drive.
•
If the Power Mode Switch is set to AUTO, then the LinkStation will turn off when the
format is finished.
•
To erase all data on a disk, choose [Disk Management] - [Erase Disk].
1
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [System] [Storage].
2
1 Select the drive to format.
2 Click [Format Disk].
3
1 Select format type.
2 Click [Format].
4
The [Confirm Operation] screen will be displayed. Type the displayed number into the
[Confirmation Number] field within 60 seconds, then click [Apply].
5
Follow the instructions displayed on the screen.
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Using your LinkStation
Note: The time needed to format a hard drive varies based on the hard drive's size and format
types (a few seconds to several minutes).
The Info LED on the front of the LinkStation will flash during formatting. The LinkStation's
shared folders cannot be accessed until the disk format is complete.
If the hard drive is connected to the USB connector, partitions will be recreated.
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Using your LinkStation
Adding Storage
Your LinkStation includes USB ports. You can connect a Buffalo external hard drive to it. It will appear as
an additional shared folder on the LinkStation.
USB hard drives cannot be added to LinkStations that do not have a USB port.
Connect the hard drive as shown below. If the hard drive is already formatted, it will be detected
automatically. If the hard disk is not formatted, format it from the Web Admin interface (next page).
To disconnect the external drive from the LinkStation, refer to page 71.
Function
Button
USB
Connector
Buffalo External
Hard Drive
Notes:
• Only one hard drive should be connected to the LinkStation (except the LS-QVL).
• Bus-powered hard drives are not supported. Use a hard drive with an AC adapter or other power
supply.
• For best results, use a Buffalo external USB drive. DUB and DUI series drives are not supported.
• Backup data from Mac OS may include characters that cannot be written to FAT16 or FAT32 drives
such as “.DS_Store”. For best results, reformat the drive before using as a backup target.
• If the drive is connected properly, [usbdisk1] will be added to the
shares under the LinkStation in Network.
• If two hard drives are connected to the LS-QVL series, they appear as
[usbdisk1] and [usbdisk2].
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Using your LinkStation
To format a USB hard drive
For best results with the LinkStation, reformat the external USB drive from the Web Admin
interface. Formatting will delete all data on the drive. Back up any important data before
formatting.
1
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [System]
- [Storage].
2
1 Select the USB hard drive.
2 Click [Format Disk].
3
1 Select a format type (see next page).
2 Click [Format].
4
The [Confirm Operation] screen will be displayed.
Enter the number shown in the [Confirmation Number] field within 60 seconds, and click
[Apply].
5
Follow the instructions on the screen.
When the format is complete, create a shared folder on the drive.
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Using your LinkStation
Note:
Format type
FAT 32
Advantages
Disadvantages
• Read/Write support with
• Cannot copy or back up
LinkStation, PCs, and Macs. files larger than 4 GB.
Drives formatted with FAT
32 can be disconnected
• You can connect the hard
from the LinkStation and
drive to a Windows PC or a
connected to a Windows or Mac at any time and use it
Mac computer directly. They normally.
work well with many devices,
but do not support large
filesizes.
EXT3
• Supports both Reading and
This is recommended if you Writing.
may have to reconnect to
and use other LinkStation/
TeraStation.
• Supports Journaling File
System.
• Also available when
connecting to other
LinkStation.
• Cannot use some characters
from Mac OS X such as [:].
• It takes extra time to access
from the Web Admin
interface or NAS Navigator2.
• May take a while to format
(a few minutes to several
minutes).
• Less space is available than
XFS after format.
•the more files in a folder, the
slower the access.
*You cannot read data by
directly connecting a PC.
XFS
• Supports both Reading and Not supported by legacy
LinkStations such as HD-LAN,
This format is recommended Writing.
HD-HLAN, HD-HGLAN Series.
when you only use the
• Supports Journaling File
drive with a LinkStation or
System.
You cannot read data by
TeraStation.
• More space is available with directly connecting to a PC.
XFS after format.
NTFS
NTFS works well with
Windows PCs. Read-Only
from the LinkStation.
HFS+
HFS+ works well with
Macs. Read-Only from the
LinkStation.
LinkStation User Manual
• Access speed will not degrade
even though more files in 1
folder.
Can be used with Windows • Read-only from the
XP, Windows 2000, Vista,
LinkStation or a Mac.
Windows Server2003, and
• Not suitable for backup
Windows Server2008.
from the LinkStation.
Can be used to connect to
Mac OS X 10.3.9 or later.
• Read-only from the
LinkStation.
• Not suitable for use with
Windows PCs.
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Using your LinkStation
To set access restrictions on an additional hard drive
You can set access restrictions for shares on an external USB hard drive. In the Web Admin interface,
navigate to [Shared Folders] - [Folder Setup].
Note: Even if a shared folder is not visible, you can still format the drive, run a disk check, or back
up to the external USB hard drive.
About the USB connector on the LinkStation
• You can connect many types of USB devices to the LinkStation, including USB hard drives,
USB flash drives, single-card card readers, digital cameras, and USB printers. USB hubs, mice,
keyboards, and card readers that support 2 or more cards are not supported.
• One hard drive or other device may be connected to the LinkStation at a time. USB hubs are not
supported. Only Buffalo hard drives are supported.
• Hard drives with their Power Mode Switch set to AUTO may not be recognized by the LinkStation.
Set the Power Mode Switch to MANUAL for use with the LinkStation.
• Bus-powered hard drives are not supported. Always use the AC adapter for a hard disk.
• Only the primary partition of USB hard drives can be recognized. Secondary or other partitions
will not be recognized.
• If the external USB drive is formatted as FAT32 or FAT 16, you may not be able to copy or back up
files or folders from Mac OS X to it. These files may include characters that are not supported by
FAT 32 or FAT 16.
• When you back up to a FAT 32 USB hard drive with Overwrite Backup (Differential) enabled, the
system may overwrite data even though there are no difference in data. If the second of the date
when the file created is an odd number, an overwrite backup is performed every time regardless
of differences in the data.
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Using your LinkStation
Remove Disk
To remove the hard drive:
If the LinkStation is powered on, dismount the USB hard drive before unplugging it. Hold in the
function button for 3 seconds. The blue LED will go out, and the drive is dismounted. You may now
unplug it safely.
Notes:
• If the LinkStation is off, then the USB device is already dismounted, and you can remove it safely.
• If a USB drive is unplugged without being dismounted first, it may not be recognized properly
when it is reconnected. If this happens, restart the LinkStation and then reconnect the drive.
Power LED
Function
Button
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Using your LinkStation
System Backup
Time Machine
Time Machine is a backup program included with Mac OS X 10.5 and later version. It can back up to
your LinkStation if you configure the LinkStation as follows:
1
1 In the Web Admin interface,navigate to
[Network] - [Settings] - [Network Services].
2 Click [AFP].
2
Select [Enable] and click [Save].
3
1 Click [Shared Folders].
2 Select a shared folder to use as the backup
destination for Time Machine, or create a new
share and then select it.
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Using your LinkStation
4
1 Select [Apple].
2 Click [Save].
5
1 Click [Extensions] - [Time Machine].
2 Click [Modify Settings].
6
1 Select [Enable].
2 Select the shared folder that you chose in step
3.
3 Click [Save].
7
LinkStation User Manual
1 Enter the [Target host name].
2 Enter the [Target MAC address].
3 Click [Create].
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Using your LinkStation
•You can find the Mac’s host name under [Computer Name] in [System Preferences] [Sharing].
e.g.) If it is displayed as "bbbbbbbbbb.local", enter
"bbbbbbbbbb" for the host name. If it is
displayed as "cccccccccc.eee-ee.local", enter
"cccccccccc" for the host name. If it is displayed
as "dddddddddd.fff-ff.jp", enter "dddddddddd"
for the host name.
•To verify the MAC address of the Mac:
1 Open [About This Mac] from the Apple menu and
click [More Info].
2 When the System Profiler is open, click [Network] on
the menu at the left of the screen.
3 Select the MAC address for the device whose
BSD Device Name is [en0] under [Active Services].
Normally this will be listed below under “Ethernet
MAC Address”. Copy and paste it to [Target MAC
address].
The folder <Macintosh host name>_<Macintosh MAC address>.sparsebundle will be created
in the selected folder of the LinkStation. Be aware that changing this folder name or deleting
this folder will prevent Time Machine from using it as a backup destination.
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Using your LinkStation
8
Select [System Preferences] from the Apple menu of Mac OS X 10.5.
9
Click [Time Machine].
10
Click [Choose Backup Disk].
11
Select the folder on the LinkStation and click [Use for
Backup].
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Using your LinkStation
12
Enter [Name] and [Password] to access the shared
folder on the LinkStation, and click [Connect].
If you do not use access restrictions for the shared folder of the LinkStation you set as a
backup destination, enter "admin" in the username box and your password for "admin" in the
password. If you use access restrictions, enter a username and password that has read and
write access rights to the share.
13
Make sure that the switch for Time Machine is "on".
The number of seconds displayed in [Next Backup]
will count down and a backup job will start when it
hits zero. The backup job will run in the background,
so you can use and shut down the Mac as usual. To
recover data or set items you want to exclude from
backup, refer to Mac OS Help.
You’ve configured your LinkStation to work with Time Machine.
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Using your LinkStation
System-Backup
1
Back up data on the LinkStation
You can back up shared folders on the LinkStation from the Web Admin interface.
• Other LinkStation
LinkStation
Other Link/TeraStation
The following sections will discuss how to:
•
[Setting up the backup destination
folder on LinkStation]
•
[Finding the backup destination
folder from LinkStation]
•
[Set up a backup job on LinkStation]
• USB hard drive connected to the LinkStation
The following sections will discuss how to:
•
[Set up a backup job on LinkStation]
LinkStation
LinkStation User Manual
USB Hard Drive
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Using your LinkStation
2
Setting up the backup destination folder on LinkStation # 1
You may configure a destination folder on a LinkStation for backup jobs from a TeraStation or
another LinkStation.
1
In the Web Admin interface, click on [Shared
Folders].
2
Click the shared folder you want to set as a
backup destination.
3
1 Check [Disk Backup].
Note: If you enter a backup password, users of
other LinkStations (and TeraStations) will
have to enter the password before using
this LinkStation as a backup destination.
2 Click [Save].
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Using your LinkStation
3
Finding the backup destination folder from LinkStation # 2
If the password is set for the backup destination folder, you must enter the password to configure
the folder as the destination for a backup job.
1
2
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [System]
- [Backup].
Click [Modify Settings] in [Search for Backup Destination by Password].
3
Enter the [Password to Search] for the folder that
is the backup destination.
The search will find backup-enabled folders on
the network that have the same password that
you are searching for, or that have no password
set.
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Using your LinkStation
4
Configuring LinkStation # 2 to use LinkStation # 1 as a backup destination
1
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [System] [Backup].
2
Click [View NAS Devices].
3
1 Check the [IP Address] of the LinkStation you
want to specify as a backup destination from
[Local LinkStations].
2 Enter IP address of the LinkStation you want to
specify as a backup to [Off Subnet LinkStations]
and click [Add].
Notes:
If LinkStation # 2 (backing up) and LinkStation # 1 (with the destination folder) are on different
networks, you must create a VPN connection between the two networks before the LinkStations will
be able to see or back up to each other.
If you are using Jumbo Frame and back up data from one LinkStation or TeraStation to another
LinkStation or TeraStation, set the Ethernet frame sizes of the LinkStations/TeraStations to the same
settings (or the closest available). If the Ethernet frame sizes are significantly different, the backup
job may fail. If you have problems with backup jobs, select the default frame size (1518 bytes).
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Using your LinkStation
5
Set up a backup job on LinkStation # 2
1
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [System] [Backup] - [Backup Jobs Setup].
2
Click [Create New Job].
3
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Select backup options.
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Using your LinkStation
Backup operation modes
Three backup operation modes are available.
Normal Backup
All files in the source folder are backed up to the destination folder.
Overwrite Backup (Append Backup)
The first time the backup runs, it backs up all files in the source folder just like a normal backup.
If later, file A is added to the backup source and file B is deleted, the next backup will add file A,
but file B will not be deleted from the backup destination. This will use more space on the backup
destination because of the files that are not deleted.
Overwrite Backup (Differential Backup)
The first time the backup runs, it backs up all files in the source folder just like a normal backup.
If later, file A is added to the backup source and file B is removed, the next backup will add file A
and delete file B. This uses the same space on the backup destination as a normal backup.
The following types of folders may be used as either backup sources or backup destinations:
• Shared folders on your LinkStation, including attached USB drives, but not including the info
folder
• Shared folders on a different TeraStation or LinkStation on the local network, but not USB drives
attached to it
• Shared folders of a TeraStation or LinkStation on a different network that has been selected
manually by IP address, but not USB drives attached to it
Notes:
Before using a folder for backup, navigate to [Shared Folders] in the Web Admin interface and
check [Disk Backup] for [Shared Folder Support].
Subfolders of shared folders are not supported for backup.
To make a TeraStation or LinkStation that is on a different network available for use as a backup
target, navigate to [System] - [Backup] - [View NAS Devices] in the source LinkStation’s Web
Admin interface and add it by IP address.
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Using your LinkStation
4
Click [Add] in the [Backup Folders].
5
Select the [Backup Source] and [Backup Targets]
folders, then click [Add].
6
Click [Apply].
The task added is displayed to the backup list.
You’ve now configured a backup job.
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Using your LinkStation
Notes:
• You can register up to the second level of subfolders. However, folders with more than 80
bytes(UTF-8) in their names cannot be selected.
• The backup destination device must be configured as a backup destination in advance in order to
select it.
• For best results, USB hard drives connected to the LinkStation for backup should be formatted
with XFS or EXT3. If a hard disk connected to LinkStation is formatted in FAT 32 or FAT 16, the
following restrictions apply:
You cannot back up more than 2 GB of data per file in FAT 16 and more than 4 GB of data per
file in FAT 32.
Files created by Mac OS X cannot be backed up, since they contains character not allowed by
FAT 32 or FAT 16.
• You must change the backup settings for backup if you format the hard drive after setting up
backup. If there is no shared folder at the destination, an error message will be displayed.
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Using your LinkStation
RAID Arrays
Several RAID modes are available for LinkStation models with multiple hard drives. LinkStations
with only one hard drive do not support RAID modes.
Notes: All data is lost when the RAID mode is changed. Back up any important data before
changing RAID modes.
In this document, “Recovery” means putting the LinkStation back to the state it was in
before the malfunction happened. It does not mean reading data from broken hard
drives.
When the RAID mode is changed, all data on the drives is lost. Before changing RAID
modes, please back up any important data from the array.
• RAID 1 mode
Uses 2 hard drives in a mirrored array. One drive’s worth of space is usable. Identical data is written to
both drives. If one drive is damaged, data can be recovered by replacing the damaged drive.
Note: Hard drives in the LS-WSXL LinkStation are not user-replaceable. If you experience a drive
failure with this model, contact Buffalo tech support for assistance.
• RAID 0 mode (LS-QVL, LS-WVL, LS-WXL, and LS-WSXL Default Setting)
Multiple hard drives are combined into a single array. The total capacity of all drives is usable. If any
drive is damaged, all data on the array is lost.
• Normal Mode
Each drive is accessible as a separate, individual drive. The total capacity of each drive is usable.
If any drive is damaged, all data on that drive is lost.
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Using your LinkStation
• RAID 5 mode (4 hard drives)
RAID 5 mode (4 hard drives) is available for LinkStation models with 4 hard drives. Uses 4 hard drives
as one array. It generates parity during writes, so access speeds are slower than other RAID modes.
Usable space is the sum of 3 hard drives’ space. If one hard drive in the array is damaged, you can
recover data by replacing the hard drive. You cannot recover data if 2 or more drives are damaged.
• RAID 5 mode (3 hard drives)
RAID 5 mode (3 hard drives) is available for LinkStation models with more than 3 hard drives. Uses
3 hard drives as one array. It generates parity during writes, so access speeds are slower than other
RAID modes. Usable space is the sum of 2 hard drives’ space. If one hard drive in the array is damaged,
you can recover data by replacing the hard drive. You cannot recover data if 2 or more drives are
damaged.
• RAID 10 mode
RAID 10 mode is available for LinkStation models with 4 hard drives. RAID 10 combines 4 hard drives
into a single array. Usable space is the sum of the capacity of 2 hard drives. Data is written quickly
and access speed is faster than other RAID modes except for RAID 0. Since the same data is written
to 2 hard drives at the same time, if drive in a pair (1-2 or 3-4) is damaged, data can be recovered by
replacing the damaged hard drive. If both 1-2 or 3-4 hard drives are damaged, you cannot recover
data.
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Using your LinkStation
• Using in RAID 1 mode
1
Change system to normal mode (page 90).
2
Click [System] - [Storage] - [RAID Array] in the Web
Admin interface.
3
Click the array you want to set.
Note: For details on RMM and EDP, see page 94.
4
Select hard drives to use in RAID 1.
5
1 Select [raid 1].
2 Click [Create Raid Array].
6
7
The [Confirm Operation] screen will appear. Enter the number shown in the [Confirmation
Number] field within 60 seconds, and click [Apply].
While the array is being built, the file transfer speed will be slower than usual. It will take about
6 hours for a 1 TB RAID array. The Info/Error LED or the Power LED will blink amber while the
array is being built. Do not turn off the LinkStation until the RAID array is built.
Follow the instructions displayed on the screen.
When the build finishes, the LED will stop blinking. You have set up a RAID 1 array. Turn to page 31
to create a shared folder.
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Using your LinkStation
Note: If power is turned off during a RAID rebuild, the RAID rebuild will continue when power is
restored.
[Confirm Operation] screen
When you perform any of the following tasks, a [Confirm Operation]
screen is displayed . To continue, enter the displayed number within 60
seconds and click [Apply].
• Change RAID array (Create/Delete)
• Delete Folder
• Restore Factory Defaults
• Format LinkStation
LinkStation User Manual
• Format Array or Disk
• Remove Disk
• Rebuild RAID array
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Using your LinkStation
• Changing to RAID 0 mode
1
Change system to normal mode (page 90).
2
Click [System] - [Storage] - [RAID Array] in the Web
Admin interface.
3
Click the array you want to set.
Note: For details on RMM and EDP, see page 94.
4
Select all available hard drives.
5
1 Select [raid 0].
2 Click [Create Raid Array].
6
7
The [Confirm Operation] screen will appear. Enter the number shown in the [Confirmation
Number] field within 60 seconds, and click [Apply].
Follow the instructions displayed on the screen.
You have set up a RAID 0 array. Turn to page 31 to create a shared folder.
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Using your LinkStation
• Changing to Normal mode
1
Click [System] - [Storage] - [RAID Array] in the Web
Admin interface.
2
Click the array you want to set.
Note: For details on RMM and EDP, see page 94.
3
Click [Delete RAID Array].
4
When [Are you sure you want to change RAID mode?] is displayed, click [Apply].
5
6
The [Confirm Operation] screen will appear. Enter the number shown in the [Confirmation
Number] field within 60 seconds, and click [Apply].
Follow the instructions displayed on the screen.
You have configured Normal mode. Turn to page 31 to create a shared folder.
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Using your LinkStation
• Changing to RAID 5 mode (4 hard drives)
1
Change system to normal mode (page 90).
2
Click [System] - [Storage] - [RAID Array] in the Web
Admin interface.
3
Click the array you want to configure.
Note: For details on RMM and EDP, see page 94.
4
Select hard disks (all 4 of them) to use in RAID5.
5
1 Select [raid5].
2 Click [Create Raid Array].
6
7
The [Confirm Operation] screen will appear. Enter the number shown in the [Confirmation
Number] field within 60 seconds, and click [Apply].
While the array is being built, the file transfer speed will be slower than usual. It will take about
6 hours for a 1 TB RAID array. The Power LED will blink amber while the array is being built. Do
not turn off the LinkStation until the RAID array is built.
Follow the instructions displayed on the screen.
When the build finishes, the LED will stop blinking. You have now set up a RAID 5 array. Turn to page
31 to create a shared folder.
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Using your LinkStation
• Changing to RAID 5 mode (3 hard drives)
1
Change system to normal mode (page 90).
2
Click [System] - [Storage] - [RAID Array] in the Web
Admin interface.
3
Click the array you want to configure.
Note: For details on RMM and EDP, see page 94.
4
Select hard disks (3 of them) to use in RAID5.
5
1 Select [raid5].
2 Click [Create Raid Array].
6
7
The [Confirm Operation] screen will appear. Enter the number shown in the [Confirmation
Number] field within 60 seconds, and click [Apply].
While the array is being built, the file transfer speed will be slower than usual. It will take about
6 hours for a 1 TB RAID array. The Power LED will blink amber while the array is being built. Do
not turn off the LinkStation until the RAID array is built.
Follow the instructions displayed on the screen.
When the build finishes, the LED will stop blinking. You have now set up a RAID 5 array. Turn to page
31 to create a shared folder.
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Using your LinkStation
• Changing to RAID 10 mode
1
Change system to normal mode (page 90).
2
Click [System] - [Storage] - [RAID Array] in the Web
Admin interface.
3
Click the array you want to configure.
Note: For details on RMM and EDP, see page 94.
4
Select hard disks (all 4 of them) to use in RAID10.
5
1 Select [raid10].
2 Click [Create Raid Array].
6
7
The [Confirm Operation] screen will appear. Enter the number shown in the [Confirmation
Number] field within 60 seconds, and click [Apply].
While the array is being built, the file transfer speed will be slower than usual. It will take about
6 hours for a 1 TB RAID array. The Power LED will blink amber while the array is being built. Do
not turn off the LinkStation until the RAID array is built.
Follow the instructions displayed on the screen.
When the build finishes, the LED will stop blinking. You have now set up a RAID 10 array. Turn to
page 31 to create a shared folder.
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Using your LinkStation
RMM (RAID Mode Manage) and EDP (Easy Data Protection)
Note: LinkStation firmware version 1.25 and later only
With RMM or EDP, you can create or expand a RAID 1 or RAID 5 array without erasing the data on
the drives. The following example shows RMM. EDP, as used on LS-WVL, LS-WXL, LS-WSXL and LSWSXSL LinkStations, is similar.
Note: Each drive in a RAID array should have the same capacity.
Changing from normal mode to RAID 1:
Hard drives that aren’t in a RAID array will show [Normal (RMM available)].
Adding a drive to an existing RAID array or adding a drive and changing the RAID mode:
Drives not currently in the array will show either [Normal (RMM available)] or [Normal].
Caution:
If your hard drives show [Normal] instead of [Normal (RMM available)], then you cannot use RMM.
If you create a RAID 1 array, all data on both drives will be lost. Back up any important data before
changing your RAID array.
1
If there are multiple internal hard drives not
already included in a RAID array, or if drives were
formatted from the Web Admin interface, [Status]
under [System] - [Storage] appears as [Normal
(RMM available)].
2
3
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [System][Storage]-[RAID Array]. Select [RMM] for [RAID
Mode].
Note: Any data on the new drive is deleted. Be sure to back up any valuable data beforehand.
Changing from normal mode to RAID 1:
1 Select the drive whose data will not be erased
from the pull-down menu.
2 Select the drive to be added to the RAID array.
3 Click [Create RAID1 retaining data (RMM)].
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Adding a drive to an existing RAID array or adding a drive and changing the RAID mode:
1 Select the drive to be added to the RAID array.
2 After adding the drive, click your desired RAID
mode for the RAID array.
4
5
The [Confirm Operation] screen will open. Within 60 seconds, enter the displayed number in the
[Confirmation Number] field. Click [Apply].
While the array is being built, the file transfer speed will be slower than usual. It will take about
6 hours for a 1 TB RAID array. The Info/Error LED or the Power LED will blink amber while the
array is being built. Do not turn off the LinkStation until the RAID array is built.
Follow the instructions displayed on the screen.
When the build finishes, the LED will stop blinking. This completes the procedure for changing the
RAID mode with RMM or EDP.
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RAID Scanning
LinkStations that are in RAID 1, RAID 5, RAID 10 modes support RAID scanning. A RAID scan tests the
RAID array for read performance. If defective sectors are found, they are repaired automatically. If
your multiple-drive LinkStation is in RAID 1 mode, you should run RAID scans regularly. Configure
regular RAID scans as follows:
1
Navigate to [System] - [Storage] - [RAID Scanning]
in the Web Admin interface. Under [RAID
Scanning], click [Modify Settings].
2
Choose [Enable], enter your desired schedule, and
click [Save].
Notes: Check [Shutdown] to automatically shut down the LinkStation whenever a RAID error
occurs. Check [Begin Immediate RAID Scan] to initiate an immediate RAID scan.
To stop a RAID scan, click [Abort RAID Scanning].
Single-drive LinkStations do not support RAID arrays or RAID scanning.
RAID Scanning is now configured.
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System - Maintenance
E-mail Notification
Your LinkStation can send you daily email reports. It can also send you an email when settings are
changed or an error occurs.
The following things will be sent via E-mail:
•The condition of the hard drive
•Notification of completed backup jobs
•Notification of fan errors
•Notification of hard drive errors
1
2
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [System]
- [Maintenance].
Click [Modify Settings] in [E-mail Notification].
3
1 Click [Enable] in Notification.
2 Type the [SMTP Server Address] and [SMTP
port No.].
Note: If using [POP before SMTP], enter [POP3
Server address] and [POP3 port No.].
3 Select [Authentication Type] from [Disabled]/
[POP before SMTP]/[LOGIN(SMTP-AUTH)]/
[CRAM-MD5 (SMTP-AUTH)/CRAM-MD5)].
4 Enter a username.
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5 Enter a password that will be used to verify.
6 To use a secured connection, select [SSL]/[TLS].
7 Enter the [Subject] for notification e-mail.
8 Enter a receiver's e-mail address. E-mail can be sent to up to 5 addresses.
9
Select conditions for emails to be sent.
• [HDD Status Report]
Sends status of hard drive periodically.
• [Fan Failure]
Sends a message when a fan error occurs.
• [Disk Error]
Sends a message when a hard drive fails.
• [Backup Complete]
Sends a message when the backup is complete.
10 If you have selected [HDD Status Report] for sending condition, select time to send.
11 Click [Save].
4
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Click [Send Test Message] to send a test message.
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Using your LinkStation
System - Power Management
UPS Settings
A UPS (uninterruptable power supply) can automatically shut down your LinkStation in case of a
power outage. To use the LinkStation with a UPS, configure the following settings:
1
Plug the Power cable of UPS to a wall socket.
2
Connect the AC adapter of the LinkStation to the UPS.
3
Connect the UPS and the LinkStation with a USB cable.
4
Turn on the UPS, then the LinkStation.
5
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [System] [Power Management] - [UPS Settings] and click [Modify
Settings].
6
1 If your LinkStation is connected directly to the
UPS, select [synchronize with UPS connected
to this LinkStation]. To have the UPS shut down
multiple LinkStations on the same network, select
[synchronize with UPS connected to other LinkStation
on the network] and enter the IP address of the
LinkStation that is connected directly to the UPS in
the field below.
2 Click [Save].
The LinkStation is now configured to work with the UPS.
Note: If the LinkStation shuts down automatically due to a power outage, make sure that the
power issue is resolved before turning it back on. If the LinkStation is turned back on while
it’s still running on the UPS battery, the UPS will not shut it down again, even if the battery
runs low.
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Using your LinkStation
Sleep Timer
To save energy, you can specify times to put the LinkStation into standby mode, where the hard
disk and LED lights are turned off. The sleep timer only works when the LinkStation's Power Mode
Switch is ON. This feature cannot be used when it is set to AUTO.
Note:
• If you are using LS-QVL or LS-AVL LinkStation models, set the Power Mode Switch to MANUAL.
1 In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [System]
- [Power Management] - [Sleep Timer]
1
2 Click [Modify Settings].
1 Specify a [Timer Interval],[Wake up at] and [Begin
Sleep at].
2
2 Click [Save] at the bottom of the screen.
* You can set up to 3 timers.
* You can set ending time from 0:00 to 27:45.
You can set beginning time from 0:00 to 23:45.
(If the ending time is 24:00 or later, the beginning time can be set from 4:00 to 23:45.)
If 24:00 is equivalent to 0:00 of the next day, and 27:00 is equivalent to 3:00 of the next day.
* You can not set the ending time before or the same time as a beginning time.
•
During processing disk check, disk format, and backup jobs or when a backup job is
scheduled before and after 5 minutes of the current time, the LinkStation will not be
proceeded to Standby mode even though the end time has reached.
•
If time of the timers are duplicated, the longest interval time is used to operate.
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Examples of multiple timers:
(e.g.1)It is at 10:00 Wednesday with the LinkStation powered on:
Timer 1 Everyday 12:00 - 24:00
Timer 2 not used
Timer 3 not used
-> Nothing happens at 12:00 and goes into sleep mode at 24:00
(e.g.2)It is at 10:00 Wednesday with the LinkStation powered on:
Timer 1 Everyday 9:00 - 18:00
Timer 2 Day specified Wednesday 10:00 - 20:00
Timer 3 not used
-> Except on Wednesdays, the LS powers on at 9:00 and goes into sleep mode at 18:00.
On Wednesdays, it goes into sleep mode at 20:00.
(e.g.3)It is at 10:00 Wednesday with the LinkStation powered on:
Timer 1 Everyday 9:00 - 18:00
Timer 2 Day specified Wednesday 10:00 - 25:00
Timer 3 not used
-> Except on Wednesdays, the LS powers on at 9:00 and goes into sleep mode at 18:00.
-> On Wednesdays, it goes into sleep mode at 1:00 of the next day.
(e.g.4)It is at 10:00 Wednesday with the LinkStation powered on:
Timer 1 Everyday 9:00 - 18:00
Timer 2 Day specified Wednesday 07:30 - 22:00
Timer 3 not used
-> Except on Wednesdays, the LS goes into sleep mode at 18:00.
-> LS turns on Wednesday at 7:30, and goes into sleep mode at 22:00.
In standby mode, pressing the LinkStation's function button or moving the Power Mode Switch to
AUTO will turn the LinkStation on.
Sleep timer settings are now complete.
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Restoring Factory Defaults
To initialize the LinkStation to its factory defaults, follow the procedure below.
For LS-VL, LS-XHL, LS-CHL, LS-WVL, LS-WXL, LS-WSXL LinkStation models
1
Move the power switch to the OFF position to shut down the LinkStation.
2
Move the power switch to the ON position while holding down the function button. The
function button will flash blue for 1 minute.
Function Button
3
While the function button is flashing blue, press it again. The status LED will flash blue. It will
start flashing amber when initialization begins (2 - 3 minutes).
For LS-QVL LinkStation model
1
Hold down the Power button for three seconds to shut down the LinkStation.
2
Turn on the Power button while holding down the Function button. The Function LED flashes
blue (for about one minute).
Power Button
Power LED
Function Button
Function LED
3
While the Function LED is flashing blue, press the Function button one more time. This starts
the initialization process. During initialization, the Power LED flashes amber.
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Notes: • This method of initializing the LinkStation restores its IP address settings, Ethernet frame
size settings, and administrator (admin) password to their factory defaults. If you chose not
to initialize the administrator's password from the Web Admin interface, only the IP address
and Ethernet frame size settings are initialized. You can initialize other items from the Web
Admin interface.
• If you do not want to initialize the admin password when you initialize the LinkStation,
select [Keep current admin password] in the [System] - [Restore/Erase] - [Restore Factory
Defaults] screen, and click [Save].
• If you choose to not initialize the admin password from the function button, you can no
longer configure the LinkStation if you forget the password! Write your password down and
put it in a safe place.
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Initialization from the Web Admin interface
You can initialize the following settings from the Web Admin interface: LinkStation name,
Description, NTP settings, Workgroup settings, Shared service settings, access restrictions of the
shared folder, User settings, Groups, mail notification settings, UPS synchronization settings, Backup
Settings, Admin Username and password, Print server settings, WebAccess, Language settings,
SleepTimer, Media server settings, BitTorrent settings, Time Machine configuration, Web Server,
MySQL Server, Network Services, Network-USB Server, Eye-Fi connected, and Flickr Support.
1
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [System]
- [Restore/Erase].
2
Click [Restore LinkStation].
3
The [Confirm Operation] screen will appear. Enter the number shown in the [Confirmation
Number] field within 60 seconds, and click [Apply].
4
Follow the instructions displayed on the screen.
Your LinkStation has been initialized.
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Format the LinkStation
1
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to
[System] - [Restore/Erase].
2
Click [Erase].
3
The [Confirm Operation] screen will be displayed.
Enter the number from the [Confirmation Number] field within 60 seconds, and click [Apply].
4
Follow the instructions displayed on the screen.
Warning: Formatting the LinkStation will erase all data on the drive! Back up any important data
before formatting.
After a format, your LinkStation will reboot. Settings will be returned to their factory defaults.
LinkStations with multiple hard drives will be set to “normal” mode, where individual drives are
addressed separately. Drives will be blank, with no shares on them. You will need to create at least
one shared folder before you can use the LinkStation.
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Using your LinkStation
Online Update
LinkStation firmware versions 1.41 and later support online updating.
If a new firmware is available, the message “A new version of the firmware has been released. The
current firmware can be updated to the latest version.” is displayed when the LinkStation boots.
To update the firmware, open the LinkStation’s Web Admin interface and navigate to [System] –
[Maintenance] – [Firmware Installation]. Click [Check for Update] to check the change log, then
[Install Update] to update to the latest firmware.
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Using your LinkStation
Extensions
WebAccess
What is WebAccess?
WebAccess lets you access files on your LinkStation through the Internet. Access restrictions can be
set for folders that are shared, and automatic router settings by UPnP and redirect functionality from
the buffalonas.com server (similar to Dynamic DNS) make configuration easy.
Remote location 1
Both uploading and
downloading are supported.
Remote location 2
Internet
LinkStation
Central Server
Office
Note:• Care should be taken with configuration of WebAccess. Certain settings can make the files in the shared folder available to anyone on the Internet without any access restrictions.
For more information on WebAccess, visit http://buffalonas.com/manual/en/
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Using your LinkStation
Network-USB Server
A Network-USB server lets you connect to USB devices attached to a LinkStation from multiple
computers. Only one computer can be connected to each USB device at one time.
Before connecting a USB device to your LinkStation, first connect it directly to your computer so that
the driver is installed.
Note:
• For a list of compatible USB devices that can be connected with the Network-USB server,
see www.buffalotech.com.
• While the Network-USB server is enabled, the following devices and functions will not be able to
use the USB port:
-USB hard drives
-Print server
-USB UPS connection
-DirectCopy
• LS-XHL, LS-CHL, LS-WXL, and LS-WSXL LinkStation models do not support the Network-USB server.
• Maximum number of connectable USB devices: 15 (not including one USB hub). The number of
connectable devices may vary depending on the customer’s operating environment.
• If a device is recognized as multiple USB devices, the maximum number of connectable devices is
reduced.
• Only one USB hub can be connected.
1
2
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [Extensions]
- [Network-USB Server] - [Modify Settings].
1 Select [Enable].
2 Click [Save].
Next, follow the procedure on the next page to install Network-USB Navigator.
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Network-USB Navigator Installation
Windows Users
1
2
3
Insert the LinkNavigator CD.
The Setup Wizard should launch automatically.
If not, open the CD and double-click [LSNavi.exe]. LinkNavigator will launch.
Click [Options] - [Additional Software Installation] - [Network-USB Navigator] - [Install].
4
Click [Next]. The wizard will guide you through
installation.
Network-USB Navigator installation is complete. Refer to "Network-USB User Manual" for more
information.
Macintosh Users
1 Insert the LinkNavigator CD.
2
Double-click on the LinkNavigator icon in the utility CD. LinkNavigator will launch.
3
Click [Install Network-USB Navigator].
4
Click [Continue]. The wizard will guide you
through installation.
Network-USB Navigator installation is complete. Refer to "Network-USB User Manual" for more
information.
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Print Server
LinkStation is equipped with a USB connector on the back. LS-QVL LinkStation is equipped with
a USB connector each on the front and back. You can connect a USB printer to the LinkStation as
shown below.
USB Connector
USB Printer
(not included)
USB cable
(not included)
Notes:
• Only one printer can be connected to the LinkStation.
• The LinkStation does not support 2-way communication. For example, it cannot tell you the
amount of ink left.
• Multi-function printers are not supported.
• Printers which only support 2-way communication or WPS (Windows Printing System) are
not supported.
• Mac OS X cannot print to a printer connected to the LinkStation.
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Setting up a printer on Windows 7/Vista
1
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to
[Extensions] - [PrintServer] and click [Modify
Settings].
2
Select [Enable] and click [Save].
3
Refer to your printer's manual installation instructions. You may need to install the printer
driver from a software disk.
4
Click [Start] - [Network].
5
Double-click on the LinkStation's server name.
6
Double-click on the LinkStation’s printer icon
(“lp”).
7
Click [OK].
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8
1 Select your printer. Choose the manufacturer
on the left and the model on the right. If
your printer is not listed, click [Have Disk] and
follow the printer manufacturer’s directions
for installation.
2 Click [OK].
You have added a printer.
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Setting up a printer on Windows XP
1
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to
[Extensions] - [PrintServer] and click [Modify
Settings].
2
1 Choose [Enable] and click [Save].
3
Refer to your printer’s manual installation instructions. You may need to install the printer
driver from a software disk.
4
Click [Start] - [Control Panel].
5
Click [Network and Internet Connections] icon.
6
Double-click on [View workgroup computers] - (Name of the LinkStation Server name) in this
order.
7
8
Double-click on the LinkStation’s printer icon
(“lp”).
If "The printer driver to your computer will be automatically installed. Would you like to
continue?" is displayed, click [Yes].
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9
1 Select your printer. Choose the
manufacturer on the left and the model
on the right. If your printer is not listed,
click [Have Disk] and follow the printer
manufacturer’s directions for installation.
2 Click [OK].
You have added a printer.
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Setting up a printer on Windows 2000
1
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to
[Extensions] - [PrintServer] and click [Modify
Settings].
2
1 Click [Enable].
2 Click [Save].
3
Refer to your printer's manual to install the printer driver.
4
Double-click [My Network Places (*)] -[Entire Network] - (the LinkStation Server Name).
* On Windows NT 4.0 this is [Network].
5
Double-click on the LinkStation’s printer icon
(“lp”).
6
Click [OK].
7
Click [Yes].
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Using your LinkStation
8
1 Select your printer. Choose the
manufacturer on the left and the model
on the right. If your printer is not listed,
click [Have Disk] and follow the printer
manufacturer’s directions for installation.
2 Click [OK].
You have added a printer.
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Using your LinkStation
BitTorrent Client
BitTorrent is a protocol for sharing files. You can download files quickly since files are distributed
on the network and network traffic is not concentrated, even with a large file. It does not keep
anonymity, and it is easily known who publishes what files.
Warning: Do not download copyrighted files without permission from the owner.
See http://www.bittorrent.com/ for more information about BitTorrent.
Flow chart of downloading with BitTorrent:
1
Use a search engine to find the torrent for a file that you want. Download the torrent.
Notes:
• Torrents are information files with a “.torrent” extension.
• Torrents can be downloaded from BitTorrent Inc.'s website or many other websites. Follow
the terms of use and copyright rules for each website.
2
Send torrent information to a server called "tracker" and receive information about a terminal
which has a file.
3
Start downloading based on the information received from the "tracker" server.
4
Download pieces of data from multiple terminals and make one file.
Use the following steps to download shared files to the LinkStation with BitTorrent.
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Using your LinkStation
Enabling BitTorrent and selecting folders
1
1 In the Web Admin interface, navigate to
[Extensions] - [BitTorrent].
2 Click [Modify Settings].
2
1 Click [Enable].
2 Select a folder for downloads on the
LinkStation from [Download Folder].
3 Click [Save].
3
Click [Open Download Manager].
Note: If you click [Initialize BitTorrent Settings],
you can initialize BitTorrent settings.
Enter the username and password for Download Manager.
The default username and password are:
Username: admin
Password: (blank; no password)
The Download Manager will open.
The Download Manager is similar to “μTorrent“. For more information on how to use it, do an
Internet search for “μTorrent“.
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Using your LinkStation
DLNA Server
The LinkStation is equipped with a DLNA server. Videos, pictures and music saved on the LinkStation
can be displayed or played on TV, audio devices, game devices and other DLNA compatible network
devices.
DLNA (Digital Living Network Alliance) defines Home Network Device Interoperability Guidelines,
which are product design guidelines in the industry's standard technology in order to achieve the
interconnecting environment for digital devices (computers, home appliance, mobile devices and
so on).
To use DLNA server on the LinkStation, begin by enabling it.
1
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to
[Extensions] - [MediaServer] - [DLNA Server] and
click [Modify Settings].
2
If it is set to [Disable], click [Enable].
3
Click [Save] at the bottom of the Web Admin interface.
DLNA server is now enabled on the LinkStation.
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Using your LinkStation
Connecting to the LinkStation and playing the files
This example shows how to use DLNA compatible media players to play files on the LinkStation.
Screenshots are from a Buffalo LinkTheater LT-H90 media player.
1
Connect DLNA compatible devices to the network and turn them on.
Note: Refer to the devices’ manuals for how to connect them.
2
Select the DLNA server of the LinkStation from the screen to select DLNA compatible
devices
Select your LinkStation from the list of available
devices. By default, its name will be its model
number followed by the last 3 digits of its MAC
address. For example, a LS-XHL LinkStation Pro
whose MAC address ends in DBB will have the
name LS-XHLDBB.
3
Select the contents you want to play.
Select from [Videos], [Music], or [Photos].
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Using your LinkStation
4
Select the file that you want to play, then play it.
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Using your LinkStation
DLNA Server Settings
By default, the LinkStation is set to allow all videos, pictures, and music in the shared folder “share“
to be played. You may configure it to only play videos, pictures, and music from a specific folder.
1
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [Extensions]
- [MediaServer] - [DLNA Server] and click [Modify
Settings].
2
Shared folders and subfolders can be pulled down
from [Source Folder]. Select a folder to share.
3
Click [Save] at the bottom of the page.
4
Now, only files saved in the folder you selected in step 2 can be selected or played from DLNA
compatible devices.
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Using your LinkStation
To view DLNA compatible devices connected to the LinkStation:
1
1 In the Web Admin interface, navigate to
[Extensions] - [MediaServer].
2 Click [Authorized DLNA Media Clients].
2
A list of DLNA compatible devices on the network will
appear, showing [MAC Address], [IP Address] and [Device
Name].
If a DLNA device does not broadcast its name or IP
address, it will be displayed as [cannot be acquired].
After connecting a new DLNA device to the network, or
changing its settings, click [Refresh client list].
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Using your LinkStation
DLNA Media List
The LinkStation will maintain a database of videos, pictures, and music saved in its media folder and
distribute a list of available media to DLNA media players on the network. This list is distributed
after each reboot and once every 60 minutes by default. Configure the database as described
below.
1
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [Extensions]
- [MediaServer] - [DLNA Server] and click on [Modify
Settings].
2
To distribute the list of available media, click [Enable]
in [Automatic Update], then click [Refresh now].
Optionally, you may choose a different refresh
interval. To distribute the media list at a different
interval, enter the desired interval in minutes in the
[Refresh interval] field.
To completely disable distribution of the media list,
click [Disable] for [Automatic Update].
3
Click [Save] to save your settings.
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If other DLNA media devices do not recognize the LinkStation:
If the Media Server on the LinkStation is disabled, other DLNA devices won’t be able to see it. You
may enable the Media Server on the LinkStation as follows.
1
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [Extensions]
- [MediaServer] - [DLNA Server] and click [Modify
Settings].
2
Click [Enable].
3
Click [Save].
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Using your LinkStation
To disable playback from a specific DLNA media player
By default, the LinkStation will allow playback from any compatible media player on the same
network. To prohibit playback for a specific DLNA media player, follow the directions below.
1
1 In the Web Admin interface, navigate to
[Extensions] - [MediaServer].
2 Click [Authorized DLNA Media Clients].
2
3
Select [Deny] for DLNA media player(s) that you want
to block from accessing media on the LinkStation.
Media players that are allowed to access media on
the LinkStation should be set to [Allow].
Click [Save].
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Using your LinkStation
Troubleshooting:
Problem: The DLNA media player can’t see media files on the LinkStation
If your DLNA media players can’t access the media files on the LinkStation, then the list of available
media files should be updated. Try the following:
1
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [Extensions]
- [MediaServer] - [DLNA Server] and click [Modify
Settings].
2
3
Select [Enable] for [Media Server] and [Automatic
Update]. Check [Refresh now].
Click [Save].
If you cannot play certain files:
The LinkStation’s DLNA media server supports the following types of files. Only files of these types
will be available to DLNA media players on the network.
Types
Video files
File Extensions
.avi, .divx, .asf, .mpg, .mpe, .m1v, .vcb, .mts, .m2ts, .m2t, .mpeg, .mpeg2,
.vdr, .spts, .tp, .ts, .3gp, .mov, .m4v, .wmv, .dvr-ms, .xvid, .mp4, .m4v
Picture files
.jpg, .jpeg, .gif, .png, .tif, .tiff, .yuv, .bmp
Music files
.mp3, .mpa, .wma, .aac, .apl, .ac3, .lpcm, .pcm, .wav, .m3u, .m4a,
.mp4, .3gp, .m4b, .aif, .aiff, .flac, .ogg, .mp2, .mp1, .mp4
Your media player may not support all of these filetypes. Files that your media player does not
support may not be visible from the media player. Check your media players documentation for a
list of the types of files that it can play.
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Using your LinkStation
Using iTunes with the Media Server
Computers on the network running iTunes can access MP3, M4A, and M4P music files from the
LinkStation’s media server. Enable the LinkStation’s media server as described below.
1
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [Extensions]
- [MediaServer] - [iTunes Server] and click [Modify
Settings].
2
1 Select [Enable].
2 Select the source folder.
3 Click [Save].
This screenshot shows firmware version 1.41. Your screen may appear slightly different.
Note:
If you add, change, or delete music files on the LinkStation during playback of a music file, playback
is stopped for rebuilding the database. Connect to the iTunes server again to play the music file.
This completes the settings for the iTunes server.
Connect the iTunes server-compatible device to the network to enjoy your music files.
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Using your LinkStation
Squeezebox Server
The Squeezebox is a network music player by Logitech that can play back music stored on your
network using your wired or wireless LAN. Enable the Squeezebox Server to play music on the
LinkStation with the Squeezebox. No computer is needed. Follow the procedure below to configure.
1
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [Extensions]
- [MediaServer] - [Squeezebox Server] - [Modify
Settings].
2
1 Select [Enable].
2 Select the source folder.
This screenshot shows firmware version
1.41. Your screen may appear slightly
different.
3
3 Enter the [Port No.]. The initial setting is 9001.
Normally, this does not need to be changed.
4 Click [Save].
Click [Open Squeezebox Server Settings]. This displays the setting screen for the Squeezebox
Server.
For more information on how to use the Sqeezebox Server, do an Internet search for
"Squeezebox Server".
Note:
The following file types are supported.
Music Files
mp3, flac, ogg, he-aac v2, wma
This completes the procedure for enabling playback of music data saved in the LinkStation.
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Using your LinkStation
Flickr Support
Flickr (www.flickr.com) is a photo sharing website operated by Yahoo! Inc.
After linking your LinkStation’s shared folder to Flickr, you can use the features below.
• Your Flickr image data is synchronized with your LinkStation shared folder. Images saved
to the LinkStation’s shared folder can be viewed in Flickr, and images uploaded to Flickr can
be viewed in the LinkStation’s shared folder.
• View images from your Flickr account as a slideshow on your DLNA-compatible device.
• Your friends can access your photos through Flickr share.
• Mac OS X 10.5 and earlier versions do not support the uploading of files to the LinkStation.
Browsing is supported however.
1
In the LinkStation Web Admin interface, navigate to [Extensions] – [Web Service Support].
2
Click [Modify Settings] .
3
Select [Enable].
4
In the [Target Folder] field, select the folder to link.
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5
6
Click [View Flickr authentication site.]. Flickr’s web site
will open. Enter your Yahoo ID and password. If you
do not have a Yahoo account, create one.
Click [OK, I’LL AUTHORIZE IT] to display your authentication key (a 9-digit number). Make a note
of the displayed authentication key.
7
Enter the Flickr authentication key from the previous
step, then click [Save].
The folder on your LinkStation is now linked to your Flickr account, and your pictures will sync in
both places. Drag-and-drop pictures to the folder to automatically upload them to Flickr.
Special Folders
The special folders “sets” and “stream” will be created in the linked shared folder. Subfolders cannot
be created in these folders. These folders are linked to your Flickr account. Images copied to the
“stream” or “sets“ folders will be uploaded to Flickr. Images uploaded on Flickr will be copied to the
“stream” folder.
Note: If an error occurs during uploading, a "fail to upload" folder is automatically created, and the
images are copied there.
The following types of images are supported.
Images with the following extensions are supported:
jpg, jpeg, gif, png, tiff
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Notes:
• Displaying images will take longer than opening files saved on your computer’s hard drive.
• The size of image files may be displayed as 0 bytes until the image file is completely transferred.
• After copying an image file, it may take some time for the file to be uploaded to Flickr.
• There are some limitations on uploaded photographs. For more information, refer to the Flickr
website.
• Only one LinkStation can be linked to a Flickr account at a time.
• To link another LinkStation, first click [Unlock Flickr authorization] to disconnect the first LinkStation.
• If a file cannot be uploaded, either click [Remount] under [Extensions] - [Web Service Support] [Flickr Support] in the Web Admin interface of the LinkStation, or restart the LinkStation.
• When an image file is deleted from Flickr, a 0 KB file may remain in the shared folder of the
LinkStation. If this happens, click [Remount] in [Extensions] - [Web Service Support] in the
LinkStation’s Web Admin interface.
• If a folder linked with Flickr is specified as a backup source, all image downloads from Flickr must
be completed before the backup is made. If a backup cannot be made, wait for all downloads to
finish and then try again.
• If the “sets” folder does not appear during linking to Flickr, either click [Extensions] - [Web Service
Support] - [Flickr Support] - [Remount] in the Web Admin interface or restart the LinkStation.
• If multiple files cannot be uploaded to Flickr at the same time, upload the files one at a time.
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Eye-Fi connected
Eye-Fi connected can transfer images from a digital camera with an Eye-Fi card (available from EyeFi) to your LinkStation over the Internet.
The following things are required to use Eye-Fi connected:
• Wireless LAN access point
• SD card or SDHC-compatible digital camera
• Computer with USB port and Internet connection
• Eye-Fi card
1 If using the Eye-Fi card for the first time, connect the Eye-Fi card to the computer beforehand to
make the initial settings.
Note: For the mounting procedure, driver installation procedure, and removal procedure, refer
to the manual supplied with the Eye-Fi card.
2
Remove the Eye-Fi card from the computer and insert it into your digital camera.
3
In the Web Admin interface, navigate to [Extensions]-[Web Service Support]-[Eye-Fi connected].
4
Click [Enable].
5
6
1 Enter the [Email] and [Password] that was
set in step 1.
2 Click [Log in].
The name of the card or device that was set in [Eye-Fi connected > Cards/Devices Settings] in
step 1 is displayed. Click the name of the card or device whose data will be transferred to the
LinkStation.
7
1 Select [Enable].
2 Select [Destination].
3 Click [Save].
Images that are saved on the card will be copied to the LinkStation automatically.
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Notes:
• Video files are not copied to the LinkStation.
• Only JPEG images are copied.
• In step 7, if the LinkStation is not set as the Destination, images will not be transferred to the
LinkStation.
• After a picture is taken, it may take some time for it to be transferred to the LinkStation.
• A USB drive connected to the LinkStation cannot be specified as the target folder.
• If a subfolder to the main shared folder is specified as the Destination, the subfolder name must be
in single-byte alphanumeric characters. Subfolders with names in multi-byte characters cannot be
used.
• When the LinkStation firmware is updated, the Destination is initialized. Reset the Destination
before using Eye-Fi.
• Photos will be transferred to the Destination share even if it is set to Read-only.
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Chapter 3
NAS Navigator2
NAS Navigator2 is a utility program that makes it simple to display the Web Admin interface, change
its IP address or check its hard drive.
Windows Vista/XP/2000 and Windows Server2003/Server2008
If you set up the LinkStation with the LinkNavigator CD, NAS Navigator2 is installed and configured
to run automatically in the system tray at startup.
You can launch NAS Navigator2 in either of the following ways:
• Click the NAS Navigator icon on your Desktop.
• Click [Start] - [(All) Programs] - [BUFFALO] - [BUFFALO NAS Navigator2]-[BUFFALO NAS Navigator2].
Screen:
Clicking a LinkStation's icon will display its total capacity, capacity being used, [IP Address],
[Workgroup], [Subnet Mask], [Default Gateway], [MAC Address], and [Firmware] version.
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Name
Menu
Map remote default share to
drive letter (*)
Disconnect mapped drive letter
(*)
Map all remote shares to drive
letters
Create desktop shortcut for Tera/
LinkStation (*)
Launch NAS Navigator2 on
startup
Display the error information
View
Properties (*)
Close
View
Sort by
Browse(*)
Refresh
Descriptions
Assigns the LinkStation's shared folder as a network drive.
Removes the network drive mapping.
Assigns all the LinkStation's shared folders as network
drives.
Creates a shortcut to the LinkStation's shared folder (share).
Launches NAS Navigator2 in the task tray when Windows
boots.
If an error occurs, an error message will pop up from the
NAS Navigator2 icon in the task tray.
Opens the selected LinkStation's Properties window.
Closes NAS Navigator2.
[Icon]: Displays icon for ease.
[Details]: Displays Name, Product Name, Workgroup, IP
Address, Subnet Mask, and Default Gateway.
Selects the sort order from following to display when
multiple LinkStations are found:
Host name, Product Name, Workgroup, IP Address,
Subnet Mask, Default Gateway
Opens the LinkStation’s shared folder.
Searches for NAS devices on the network again.
* not displayed unless the LinkStation's icon is clicked.
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When NAS Navigator2 is minimized to the task tray, you have the following options from its icon.
Menu Item
LinkStation Name Browse Shares
Open Web
Admin
Properties
Map remote
default share to
drive letter
Disconnect
mapped drive
letter
Create short cut
Descriptions
Opens the LinkStation’s Share folder.
Opens the Web Admin interface in a web browser.
Refresh
Refreshes list of NAS devices.
Browse Shares
Displays NAS Navigator2 window.
Exit
Exits NAS Navigator2.
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Opens the LinkStation’s properties page.
Assigns the LinkStation’s default share as a network drive.
Unmaps the network drive.
Creates a shortcut to a LinkStation’s shared folder (share).
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You can perform the following tasks from a LinkStation's properties window.
Menu Item
Web Admin
Descriptions
Opens a Web Admin interface.
IP Settings
If [Obtain an IP address automatically via DHCP] is checked, the LinkStation will
attempt to get its IP address automatically from a DHCP server.
Alternately, you can manually enter the [IP Address], [Subnet Mask], and [Default
Gateway address] for the LinkStation.
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Mac OS X 10.3.9 or later
If you installed the LinkStation with the LinkNavigator CD, NAS Navigator2 was installed
automatically. To launch it, click the NAS Navigator2 icon in the Dock.
Click on a LinkStation’s icon to display its total capacity, used capacity, [WORKGROUP], [IP Address],
[Subnet Mask], [Default Gateway], [MAC Address], and [Firmware] version. Double-click to open a
share on the LinkStation.
Name
Open
Descriptions
Opens the default shared folder for a selected
LinkStation.
Rescan
Refreshes list of NAS devices.
Tool Menu
Open Web
Configure
Color Label
Show View Options
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Opens the selected Web Admin interface.
Displays the screen to open the Web Admin
interface or change an IP Address.
Selects the color of the name displayed below
the icon.
Sets the orders of icon sizes, label positions, and
icons.
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Chapter 4
Web Admin interface
Home
The following options can be configured from the Home screen.
Name
Descriptions
Name
Displays the name of the LinkStation.
Firmware version
Displays the firmware version of the LinkStation.
IP Address
Displays the IP address of the LinkStation.
Workgroup
Displays the LinkStation’s workgroup.
Storage
Displays the total capacity of the LinkStation’s hard drive, as well as the
amount used.
Shared Folders
Displays shared folders and disks on the LinkStation. If the [Users/Groups]
tab is selected, Users and Groups are displayed. If the [Network] tab is
selected, it shows if DHCP is Enabled or Disabled and displays the Ethernet
Frame Size.
Log out of the Web Admin interface.
Logout
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Shared Folders
The following options can be set from the [Shared Folders] screen.
Name
Descriptions
Folder Setup Click [Create Folder] to open the Adding a New Shared Folder screen.
Click a shared folder name to open the shared folder's settings screen.
Select the shared folder and click [Delete] to delete the shared folder.
Enter a letter in the [Find] field to display folders that begin with that letter.
Click a folder name from the list to select the folder.
The following tasks open the [Confirm Operation] screen.
Folder Setup
• Delete Folder
• Restore Factory Defaults
• Format
Enter the number from the [Confirmation Number] field within 60 seconds,
and click [Apply].
Copy Settings Select the shared folder you want to copy settings from.
From
Name
Folder Setup
>
New Folder
Click [Create
Folder] to view
this option.
Enter a name for the share folder.
You can enter up to 27 bytes(UTF-8). Alphanumeric characters, multi-byte
characters, hyphens, and underscores may be used.
Do not use a symbol as the first character of the name.
Description
Enter a description for the shared folder.
You can enter up to 75 bytes(UTF-8). Alphanumeric characters, multi-byte
characters, hyphens, underscores, and spaces may be used.
Do not use a symbol as the first character of the description.
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Name
Volume
Description
Select the volume for the shared folder.
Shared Folder The shared folder may be read-only or writable.
Attributes
Recycle Bin If enabled, deleted files are moved to a trashbox folder rather than actually
deleted.
You can enable recycle bin functionality for each shared folder on the
LinkStation as well as usbdisk1.
• To use Recycle Bin with usbdisk1, format it with EXT3, XFS, or FAT 32. NTFS
and HFS+ are not supported because files cannot be deleted with these
formats.
• Recycle Bin is not supported while connecting via AFP or FTP.
Shared Folder Select which operating systems and features the share will support.
Support
Shared Folder Description
Support
Folder Setup
>
New Folder
Click [Create
Folder] to view
this
option.
Windows
(SMB)
Check to enable SMB support for connection to
Windows and Mac OS X.
Apple (AFP)
Check to enable AFP support for connection to
Mac OS. Also, navigate to [Network]-[Network
Settings]-[Network Services] and make sure that
AFP is enabled there as well.
Check to enable remote FTP access to the share.
Also, navigate to [Network]-[Network Settings][Network Services] and enable FTP there as well.
Check to allow other LinkStations to use this
share as a backup target.
Select when connecting by SFTP.
FTP
Disk Backup
SFTP
Remote
backup
password
If another LinkStation will be backing up to this share, consider configuring
a password for remote backup. This will make it easy to configure the other
LinkStation to back up to the correct share and prevent other users from
mistakenly backing up to it.
Passwords many contain up to 8 bytes(UTF-8). Alphanumeric character,
hyphen, and underscore may be used.
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Name
Access
Restrictions
Access
Restrictions
You may delete users and groups from the access list with the [Remove]
button.
Click [Access
Restrictions]
from the
[Create Shared
Folders] screen
to view this
option.
Direct Copy
Description
If using access restrictions, click [Add ] to add users or groups that will be
allowed to access the share.
With AFP and FTP connections, access restrictions can be set per user.
Target
Choose the destination folder for Direct Copy.
Click [Modify
Settings]
to change
settings.
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Users/Groups
The following options can be set from the [Users/Groups] screen.
Descriptions
Name
Local Users
Displays [Username], [User Id], [Description], and [Primary Group].
To create a new user, click [Create User].
To edit the user, select the user name and click [Edit User]. To delete the
user, select the user and click [Delete].
If [Delegate Authority to External SMB Server] is selected from [Network] [Workgroup/Domain] for the [For Workgroup Authentication], a user who
are registered at the LinkStation can be converted to an authorized user of
the external SMB server by clicking [The selected user(s) will be converted
to external users].
Local Users
Enter a letter in the [Find] field to list users that begin with that letter.
The users [admin] and [guest] are built-in to the LinkStation. They cannot
be deleted.
Username
If the LinkStation is a domain member, [Domain Users] will also be
available.
Usernames may contain up to 20 bytes(UTF-8). Alphanumeric characters,
-(hyphen), _(underscore), .(dot), !, #, &, @, $, *, ^, % may be used.
Do not use multi-byte characters. Do not use a symbol as the first character
of the Username.
Local Users
>
New User
User Id
To display, click
Description
[Create a user].
If a user ID is left blank, a user ID will be automatically assigned. When
using the Quota feature, use numbers between 1000 and 1999 to set a
group ID manually. Make sure that a user ID does not duplicate to other
users.
Descriptions may contain up to 75 bytes(UTF-8). Alphanumeric characters,
multi-byte characters, hyphens, underscores, and spaces may be used.
Do not use a symbol and space as the first character.
New users automatically belong to the [hdusers] group. You can change
the group the user belongs to in Group Settings.
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Descriptions
Name
Password
Enter the user’s password. This should be the same password that the user
uses to log in to his computer.
Passwords may contain up to 20 bytes(UTF-8). Do not use multi-byte
characters. Alphanumeric character and the following characters may be
use.
- _ @ ! # $ % &‘ ( ) * + , . / ; < > = ? [ ] ^ { } | ~
Do not use a symbol except _(underscore) as the first character.
Local Users
>
New User
To display, click
[Create a user].
Confirm
Password
You can enter up to 8 bytes (UTF-8) if you are using MAC OS. Otherwise,
you will not able to access shared folders on your LinkStation.
Enter the password again for confirmation.
Primary Group When the user belongs to the multiple groups, select which group is the
main for that user. If the space usage is limited by the Quota feature for the
group, the limitation of the usage of the group selected is applied.
User Quota
To use a quota to restrict the space which is available for a user, click
[Enable].
Hard Limit(GB) Set space to be available to use (in GB).
Domain Users
* Quotas only restrict the available hard drive space. This feature does
not provide quotas per user; it should be managed by individual users.
To verify the owner, open the new window and click [Owner] tab by
selecting [Security] tab on Properties screen for each file or folder and click
[Advanced Settings]. (The steps to check the owner may vary according to
your OS. The example above is for Windows XP).
Domain Users The list of Domain Users is displayed when it joins [NT Domain] or [Active
Directory].
Domain
Groups
Domain
Groups
External Users
External Users Navigate to [Network] - [Workgroup/Domain] - [For Workgroup
Authentication] and select [Delegate Authority to External SMB Server]
and [Automatic User Registration]. Users will be registered automatically
and listed.
To delete automatically registered users, select each user and click [Delete
External Users].
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The list of Domain Groups is displayed when it joins [NT Domain] or [Active
Directory].
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Descriptions
Name
Local Groups Displays [Group Name], [Group Id], and [Description].
To create a new group, click [Create Group].
To edit a group, select it and click [Edit Group].
Local Groups
To delete a group, select it and click [Delete].
Note: Enter a letter in the [Find] field and groups beginning with that
letter are displayed. Click on a group name in the list to select the group.
Group Name Group names may contain up to 20 bytes(UTF-8). Alphanumeric
characters, hyphens, underscores, and periods may be used. Do not
use multi-byte characters. Do not use a symbol as the first character of a
group name.
Group Id
Local Groups
> New Group
To display, click
[Create Group]
on the Group
Screen.
Local Users/
Group Members
Description
If Group ID is left blank, a group ID will be automatically assigned. When
using the Quota feature, use numbers between 1000 and 1999 to set a
group ID manually. Make sure that the group ID does not duplicate to
other groups.
Group descriptions may contain up to 75 bytes(UTF-8). Alphanumeric
characters, multi-byte characters, hyphens, underscores, and spaces may
be used.
Do not use a space as the first character in a description.
Group Quota To use a quota to restrict the space which is available for a group, click
[Enable].
Hard
Set space to be available for use (in GB).
Limit(GB)
* Quota feature only restricts the available hard drive space. This feature
does not show the space that each group is currently using; It should be
managed by individual group. To verify the owner, open the new window
and click [Owner] tab by selecting [Security] tab on [Properties] screen for
each file or folder and click [Advance Settings] button. (The steps to check
the owner may very depending on OS. The example above shows for
Windows XP).
Local Users To add a user to the group, select the user and click [Add].
Group
Members
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Note: Domain Users from the Domain Controller cannot be added to
groups here.
Displays users who are registered to a group. To unregister a user, select
the user and click [Remove].
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Network
The following options can be set from the [Network] screen.
Descriptions
Name
DHCP
If enabled, the LinkStation will attempt to get its IP address
from a DHCP server on the network.
Primary IP Address Set IP address.
IP Address Settings
Subnet Mask
Set Subnet Mask.
Default Gateway
Specify by IP address if Default Gateway Address exists.
Click [Modify Settings] Address
to change settings.
Primary DNS Server Specify an IP address of the DNS server which has priority.
Secondary DNS
Specify an IP address of an alternative DNS server.
Server
Ethernet Frame Size Ethernet frame size is the maximum size of data that can be
sent at a time. If all devices on your network support Jumbo
Frame, you may be able to improve transmission efficiency by
Ethernet Frame Size
choosing a larger frame size than the default.
• [1518 bytes (Default)] It is set to 1518 bytes at
Click [Modify Settings]
default.
to change settings.
• [4102 bytes (Jumbo Frame)] Transfer at 4102 bytes.
• [7422 bytes (Jumbo Frame)] Transfer at 7422 bytes.
• [9694 bytes (Jumbo Frame)] Transfer at 9694 bytes.
Network Services Enable or disable AFP and FTP.
Network Services
[AFP] must be enabled here for Mac OS computers to connect
via AFP. Also, enable AFP in the shared folder settings to use
AFP.
[FTP] must be enabled here for remote users to access the
LinkStation via FTP. Also, enable FTP in the shared folder
settings to use FTP.
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Descriptions
Name
Authentication
Method
Workgroup Name
Select the method to join the network ([Workgroup], [NT
Domain], or [Active Directory]). [Workgroup] is the default.
Networking knowledge is required to configure other methods.
Consult your network administrator for details.
Enter the [Workgroup Name] to have the LinkStation join a
Microsoft network group.
Workgroup names may contain up to 23 bytes(UTF-8).
Alphanumeric characters, multi-byte characters, hyphens,
underscores, and periods may be used.
WINS Server IP
Address
NT Domain Name
Workgroup/Domain
Click [Modify Settings]
to change settings.
NT Domain
Controller Name
Active Directory
Domain Name
(NetBIOS Name)
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Do not use a symbol as the first character of the workgroup
name.
Enter the IP address of a WINS Server to use WINS Server.
Enter [NT Domain Name] to use [NT Domain] as the method to
join the network.
* You can enter up to 23 bytes(UTF-8).
* Alphanumeric characters, multi-byte characters, -(hyphen), _
(underscore), and .(dot) may be used.
* Do not use a symbol as the first character.
Enter [NT Domain Controller Name] to use [NT Domain] as a
method to join the network. Register the computer account
which has the same name as the LinkStation to the Domain
Controller.
* You can enter up to 63 bytes(UTF-8). Do not use multi-byte
characters.
* Alphanumeric characters, -(hyphen), and _(underscore) may
be used.
* Do not use a symbol as the first character.
Enter [Active Directory Domain Name (NetBIOS Name)] to use
[Active Directory] as a method to join the network.
* You can enter up to 23 bytes(UTF-8).
* Alphanumeric characters, multi-byte characters, -(hyphen), _
(underscore), and .(dot) may be used.
* Do not use a symbol as the first character.
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Name
Descriptions
Active Directory
Enter [Active Directory Domain Name (DNS/Realm Name)]
Domain Name
when selecting [Active Directory] as a method to join the
(DNS/Realm Name) network.
* You can enter up to 255 bytes(UTF-8). Do not use multi-byte
characters.
* Alphanumeric characters, -(hyphen), _(underscore), and .(dot)
may be used.
Active Directory
Enter [Active Directory Domain Controller Name] to use [Active
Domain Controller Directory].
Name
* You can enter up to 63 bytes(UTF-8). Do not use multi-byte
characters.
* Alphanumeric characters, -(hyphen), and _(underscore) may
be used.
* Do not use a symbol as the first character.
Workgroup/Domain
Administrator
Enter the Administrator account username for [Administrator
Name
Name].
Click [Modify Settings]
* This must be entered if [NT Domain] or [Active Directory] is
to change settings.
selected for [Authentication Method].
* You can enter up to 256 bytes(UTF-8). Do not use multi-byte
characters.
* Alphanumeric characters, -(hyphen), _(underscore), and .(dot)
may be used.
* Do not use a symbol as the first character.
Administrator
Enter [Administrator Password].
Password
* This must be entered if [NT Domain] or [Active Directory] is
selected for [Authentication Method].
* You can enter up to 256 bytes(UTF-8). Do not use multi-byte
characters.
* Alphanumeric characters, -(hyphen), and _(underscore) may
be used.
* Do not use a symbol as the first character.
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Descriptions
Name
For Workgroup
Authentication
Select the user authentication method here.
[Delegate Authority to LinkStation] (usually recommended)
Only registered users may access the LinkStation. Usernames
and passwords should be exactly the same as those used for
Windows login.
[Delegate Authority to External SMB Server]
Users are authenticated by an external Authentication server.
Microsoft network knowledge required for setup. Consult your
System Administrator for details.
[Use Windows Domain Controller as Authentication Server]
Select this option when you want to authenticate against
Domain Controller, but the LinkStation does not join the
domain.
Note: The Windows Domain Controller has been assigned to be
an external authentication SMB Server. The workgroup name
on the LinkStation must be identical to the Windows Domain
Name.
Workgroup/Domain
Click [Modify Settings]
to change settings.
[Automatic User Registration]
Select to automatically register users allowed by the
Authentication Server to the LinkStation’s authenticated user
list .
[Enable Authentication Shared Folder]
Use the folder as an authentication test folder which can be
accessed by users registered to Authentication Server.
Authentication
Server Name or IP
Address
When [Delegate Authority to External SMB Server] is selected
for the [For Workgroup Authentication], specify the external
server which is used for the user authentication by the server
name or IP address of the server
Note: • When connecting using AFP or FTP/FTPS, always use
an IP address. Authentication may fail if a server name
is used.
• Enter the IP address rather than the server name
anytime that the server is not on the same subnet.
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Descriptions
Name
Enable
Authentication
Shared Folder
Workgroup/Domain
Click [Modify Settings]
to change settings.
Web Server Settings
Click [Modify Settings]
to change settings.
Web Server
Port No.
When [Delegate Authority to External SMB Server] , [Automatic
User Registration], and [Enable Authentication Shared Folder]
are selected for the [For Workgroup Authentication], specify
the shared folder name for the authentication test. It can be
registered as the users of the LinkStation automatically who
open the shared folder for the authentication test.
Note: • You cannot create more than 2 shared folders for the
Authentication test .
• A user who is automatically registered will belong to
the [hdusers] group.
• You cannot use shared folder names which already
exist as a shared folder name for the authentication
test.
• You can enter up to 27 bytes(UTF-8).
• Alphanumeric characters, multi-byte characters,
-(hyphen), and _(underscore) may be used.
• Do not use a number or symbol as the first character.
• AFP and FTP/FTPS connection do not allow delegating
authority to external SMB server to obtain user
information.
Enable to use the Web Server.
Enter a port number here, or leave blank to use the default port
(port 81).
LS-AVL, LS-CHL and
LS-SL LinkStation
models do not
support Web Server.
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Descriptions
Name
Target Folder
Select a target folder for the Web Server to access.
- (Target folder)/htdocs/
• This folder holds the content.
• Use this folder as the installation location for HTML files and
PHP scripts.
• Example: If the target folder is set as a shared folder with
the name “web”, HTML files, PHP files, and other content are
installed under \\(LinkStation name)\web\htdocs over the
SMB.
Web Server Settings
Click [Modify Settings]
to change settings.
- (Target folder)/cgi-bin/
• This folder holds Perl scripts.
• Use this folder as the installation location for Perl scripts.
Only Perl scripts with .pl or .cgi extensions should be placed
in this folder.
To run a CGI script, copy it to the “cgi-bin” folder.
• CGI files in the Perl language with .cgi or .pl extensions are
supported in the cgi-bin folder. PHP files with .php extensions
are supported in the htdocs folder.
LS-AVL, LS-CHL and
LS-SL LinkStation
models do not
support Web Server.
- (Target folder)/log/
• Logs from the Web Server are sorted in this folder. If phpinfo
(PHP interpreter setting information) is displayed, then the
Web Server is working properly.
php.ini settings
Web Server
LS-AVL, LS-CHL and
LS-SL LinkStation
models do not
support Web Server.
To access the Web Server, navigate to
http://LinkStation IP address: port number.
Example: http://192.168.11.150:81
To change PHP language interpreter settings, edit the php.
ini file. Don’t do this unless you know what you’re doing!
To restore php.ini to its original state, click [Restore Default
Settings].
[File Import] allows you to import a php.ini file from your
computer.
[Manual Edit] allows you to manually edit the php.ini file
displayed in the text box.
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Name
MySQL Server
Port No.
Data Folder
Enable to use MySQL server.
Enter the number of a port for MySQL server.
This selects the shared folder where the MySQL database is
saved.
MySQL Server
Open phpMyAdmin This opens phpMyAdmin where MySQL database management
Settings
can be performed. The Web Server must be enabled to use
phpMyAdmin.
Click [Modify Settings]
By default, the phpMyAdmin username and password are:
to change settings.
Username: admin
Password: password
LS-AVL, LS-CHL and
*The phpMyAdmin username and password can be changed in
LS-SL LinkStation
phpMyAdmin.
models do not
*Although they have the same default values, the usernames
support MySQL
and passwords for phpMyAdmin and LinkStation
Server.
administration are completely independent.
*Buffalo Technology does not provide technical support for
phpMyAdmin.
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System
The following options can be set from the [System] tab.
Descriptions
Name
Settings
LinkStation
Name
Enter a name to identify the LinkStation on the network. Names may
contain up to 15 bytes(UTF-8). Alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and
underscores may be used. Do not use multi-byte characters. Do not
use a symbol as the first character of the name.
Description
Descriptions may contain up to 75 bytes(UTF-8). Alphanumeric
characters, multi-byte characters, hyphens, underscores and spaces may
be used.
Name
Click [Modify
Settings]
to change
settings.
Date/Time
Source
Primary NTP IP
Address
Date and Time
Click [Modify
Settings]
to change
settings.
Language
Click [Modify
Settings]
to change
settings.
Descriptions are only displayed in Windows. They will not be displayed
on a Macintosh.
Select [Automatic] to use an NTP to correct system time automatically.
Select [Manual] to set time manually.
Enter the DNS name or the IP address of an NTP server. You may user
ntp.jst.mfeed.ad.jp or 192.168.11.123, for example.
To specify ntp.jst.mfeed.ad.jp as the NTP server, select [Use default NTP
server (ntp.jst.mfeed.ad.jp)].
NTP
You may have NPT correct your system time [Daily], [Weekly], or [Every
Synchronization 3 hours].
Frequency
Time Zone
Specify Time Zone.
Date
Displays year, month and date. Enter numbers to change these values.
Time
Displays time. Enter numbers to change the value manually. Click [Use
Local Date/Time] to obtain time and time zone from the internal clock
of your computer.
Display
Language
Note: If system clocks on your network get more than 5 minutes off
from each other, it may cause problems with your network. For best
results, use an NTP server to automatically set the system time for all of
your network devices, including the LinkStation.
Select the language to be displayed.
Windows Client Select the language to be used in the Windows client.
Language
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Descriptions
Name
Storage
Check Disk
Disks
LinkStation User Manual
You may run a disk check on hard drives in or attached to the
LinkStation via USB. Depending on the size of the disk, a disk check may
take many hours to complete.
Notes: • You cannot run a disk check at the same time as a
backup job.
• During the disk check, the file sharing service stops.
If the unit is disconnected abnormally from Mac OS, the
database created by Mac OS may be destroyed and you can no
longer connect to the unit. If this happens, select [Delete any
hidden] and run a disk check. All of the files listed below will be
deleted, including sub directories.
• AppleDB
• AppleDesktop
• AppleDouble
• TheVolumeSettingsFolder
• Network Trash Folder
• Please make sure the LinkStation is not selected as a backup
destination of other LinkStation before you run the disk check.
If the LinkStation is selected as the backup destination, do not
run the disk check.
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Descriptions
Name
Storage
Format Disk
You may format disks in or connected to the LinkStation. All data on
the disk will be deleted if the drive is formatted. Back up any important
data before formatting a disk.
You cannot format a drive if you’ve scheduled a backup job. Also, do
not format the drive if it’s configured as the backup target of another
LinkStation.
The following tasks open a [Confirm Operation] screen.
• Delete Folder
• LinkStation's Restore Factory Defaults
• Erase Disk of the LinkStation
Enter the number shown in the [Confirmation Number] field within 60
seconds, and click [Apply].
Disks
The LinkStation can format or recognize the following format types:
Format type
Descriptions
EXT3
EXT3 is recommended for external drives
(USB hard drive attached to the LinkStation.
only)
• You can perform both Read and Write.
• Supports Journaling File System.
• May take a while to format (a few minutes to a
hour).
• Less space is available than XFS after
formatted.
• More files in 1 folder, slower the access space.
Note: An EXT3 Reader is included in this
package for reading EXT3 disks from a
Windows PC.
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Descriptions
Name
Storage
Format Disk
Format type
Descriptions
XFS
(USB Hard
Drive/
LinkStation
Internal Hard
Drive)
This format is recommended for the internal drive in the
TeraStation or LinkStation.
• Supports both Reading/Writing.
• Supports Journaling File System.
• More space is available than XFS after formatted.
• Access speed will not degrade even with many files in a
single folder.
XFS is not supported by legacy LinkStations such as HD-LAN,
HD-HLAN, or HD-HGLAN series.
You cannot read data on an XFS drive by directly connecting
to your PC.
FAT32
FAT32 is recommended if you’re going to connect the drive
(USB hard drive to Windows and Mac computers as will as the LinkStation. It
only)
works with most computers and devices.
• Supports both Reading/Writing.
• Cannot copy or backup data with more than 4 GB per file.
• Cannot use some characters which are used in Mac OS X
such as [:].
NTFS
Cannot format from the Web Admin interface. This is
(USB hard drive Read Only for the LinkStation. It can be used read/write
only)
with Windows 7/Vista/XP/2000, or Windows Server2003/
Server2008.
• Read Only (not writable for backup either).
HFS+
Cannot format from the Web Admin interface. Read-Only.
(USB hard drive Can be used to connect to Mac OS X 10.3.9 or later.
only)
• Read Only (not writable for backup either).
Disks
GPT partitions (64-bit) are recommended for connected USB hard drives of
2.2 TB or larger. Other types of partitions will not address the full size of larger
drives. GPT partitions are supported by Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows
Server 2003 SP1 or later, Windows Server 2008, Mac OS X 10.4 or later, and
Buffalo TeraStations and LinkStations (e.g.TS-XL, TS-XEL, TS-WXL, LS-XHL, and
LS-CHL series)
Please note that other operating systems (including Windows XP) may not
detect GPT partitions correctly. To read hard drives larger than 2.2 TB from
Windows XP, either use a proprietary GPT solution, or use multiple partitions
smaller than 2.2 TB.
Remove Disk
Select the USB hard drive and click [Remove Disk] to safely remove the USB
hard drive.
Rediscover Disk Not used for this product
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Name
Descriptions
Storage
Configure RAID arrays from this menu. Several RAID modes are available for
LinkStation models with multiple hard drives. If RAID is disabled, the drives in
the LinkStation will be available as separate drives.
[Disk Structure]:
To configure a RAID array, check the target drives, select a RAID mode, and
click [Create Raid Array]. To delete the RAID array, select [Delete RAID Array].
RAID Array *1
Warning: All data is lost when the RAID array is modified. Back up any
important data before changing RAID settings.
[RAID Array Error Detection Response]:
*1: LinkStation models with If shutdown is enabled, the LinkStation will automatically shut down when
multiple hard drives only
a RAID 1 error is detected. RAID 0 arrays and drives in normal mode are not
affected by this setting.
The default setting is [Shutdown].
[RAID Array check speed]:
Select the RAID scanning speed from the following:
[High]: ~ 10 hours per TB
[Normal]: ~ 20 hours per TB
[Low]: ~ 100 hours per TB
RAID Scanning *1
*1: LinkStation models with
multiple hard drives only
A RAID scan tests your RAID array for errors. If errors are found, they are fixed
automatically if possible. If you are using a RAID array, regular RAID scans are
recommended.
Recoverable errors found during standard file operations will be automatically
repaired regardless of whether RAID Scanning is enabled or not.
Status
Recoverable errors
Unrecoverable errors
LinkStation User Manual
Examples
Read errors in data or system area of a RAID 1
array
Write errors, RAID management area errors,
partition errors, drive detection failure
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Name
Storage
Descriptions
If many recoverable errors (bad cluster) are found in one of the hard drives
which builds RAID, that drive will be removed and the system will automatically
move to degrade mode.
Since the data is not protected in the degrade mode, it is strongly
recommended to replace the erroneous hard drive immediately.
When running RAID Scanning in the first time, it is strongly recommended to
backup data on the LinkStation in advance.
[RAID Scanning]:
Set whether using RAID Scanning or not.
[RAID Scanning Schedule]:
Select the schedule to perform RAID Scanning.
• [Every Week], select from [Sunday] to [Saturday]
• [1st], from [Sunday] to [Saturday]
• [2nd], from [Sunday] to [Saturday]
• [3rd], from [Sunday] to [Saturday]
• [4th], from [Sunday] to [Saturday]
• [1st, 3rd], from [Sunday] to [Saturday]
• [2nd, 4th], from [Sunday] to [Saturday]
• [Every 1st day / month]
Select [Begin Immediate RAID Scan]] and click [Save] to immediately run the
maintenance.
[RAID Scanning Start Time]:
Select time to start RAID from 0 to 23 o’clock.
*Click [Abort RAID Scanning] to stop the operation.
Backup
Displays LinkStations and TeraStations on the network with shares enabled for
Local
LinkStations backup.
View NAS
Devices
Click [Refresh] to update the list.
Off Subnet You can add an off-subnet LinkStation or TeraStation to the list. Enter the IP
LinkStations address of the LinkStation/TeraStation and click [Add].
Note: Only devices with active backup shares can be registered.
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Name
Backup
Descriptions
Password to Enter a password to search for LinkStations and TeraStations with that
Search
password for backup.
Search for
Backup
Destination
by Password
Click [Modify
Settings]
to change
settings.
Example of Configuration
Configuration on the LinkStation (Backup Destination)
Name
share1
Remote backup password
111
Example of Configuration
Configuration on the LinkStation (Backup Source)
The shared folder as a backup destination displayed View
when "222" is set on "Search for Backup Destination
by Password" on the LinkStation as a backup source.
share_free
None
Not
View
Displayed
The shared folder as a backup destination displayed Not
View
when "222" is set on "Search for Backup Destination Displayed
by Password" on the LinkStation as a backup source.
A shared folder as a backup destination displayed
when the password is not set
LinkStation User Manual
share2
222
View
Not
Not
View
Displayed Displayed
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Chapter 4 Web Admin interface
Name
Backup
Descriptions
Password to Steps for Setup
Search
1 In the Web Admin interface of the backup destination, set [Remote backup
password] for each shared folder.
2 When setting up the backup for the LinkStation which is the backup source,
set the same password of [Search for Backup Destination by Password] as
for [Remote backup password] which is set for the shared folder you want
to display as the backup destination.
Search for
Backup
Destination
by Password
3 Set up the backup at the LinkStation which is the backup source.
Select the shared folders of the backup destination from the following.*
• Shared folders in the LinkStation which is the backup source.
• The USB hard drive connected to the LinkStation which is the backup
source.
• A shared folder for which [Remote backup password] is not set in the Link/
TeraStation which is the backup destination.
• A shared folder whose [Remote backup password] in the LinkStation/
TeraStation which is the backup source matches with [Search for Backup
Destination by Password].
* [Backup] must be enabled as a published destination when setting up the
shared folder.
Click [Modify
Settings]
to change
settings.
Backup Jobs Click [Create New Job] to set up to 8 backup timers.
Setup
Back up data saved on the LinkStation to the USB external hard drive or another
Link/TeraStation at the specified time.
Backup Jobs
Setup
LinkStation User Manual
Notes: • If you choose the USB hard drive in order to utilize this backup feature,
the USB drive must be formatted in FAT32, XFS or EXT3 The format type
for a USB hard drive can be displayed on the Web Admin interface,
[System] - [Storage].
• If a USB drive is formatted in FAT32, the maximum file size that can be
backed up is 4 GB.
• Never unplug the Ethernet cable connected to the LinkStation or USB
hard drive during backup.
• Do not restore, run Check Disk, Backup Job setup and Folder Setup,
User/Group, Add, Edit, or Delete User during backup. Otherwise, the
backup may fail.
• If an error occurs during a regularly scheduled backup (Every day/Every
Week), the backup job will not be performed after that. You will need
to configure the backup job again. However, this does not apply when
[Ignore Errors and Proceed with Backup] option is selected.
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Descriptions
Name
Backup
Job Name
Backup Job
Schedule
Backup Jobs Setup
Click [Create New
Job] to display
this option in the
[Backup ]screen.
Enter the name you want for a backup task.
Select the schedule to run from [Not Scheduled], [Immediate],
[Every Day], [Every Week][1st], [2nd], [3rd], [4th], [1st, 3rd], [2nd,
4th] or [Every 1st day/month].
Backup Date
Select the day or time to run the backup job.
Backup Operation Select the Backup Operation Mode from the following choice.
Mode
• [Normal Backup]
• [Overwrite Backup (Append Backup)]
• [Overwrite Backup (Differential Backup)]
Caution: If you select [Overwrite Backup (Differential Backup)],
any files which do not exist in the source will be deleted without
further warning or notice.
All operation modes other than normal backup will overwrite all
data at the backup destination.
• Do not perform any file operations (such as rename or delete a
file) in the Backup Sources during the Backup. If you do so, the
backup job may halt with errors. In such a case, rerun the backup
job.
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Name
Descriptions
Backup
The following table shows behavior during each operation mode. Behaviors will
vary if [Create Target Folder for Backup] is selected or not in Backup Option.
Note: This example uses "/target" as the backup target.
If data is backed up to the USB hard drive, the "target" below, will be displayed as
"usbdisk*". and * will be 1 - 2 (number).
If data is backed up to the LinkStation, the "target" below, the shared folder name
of the backup source will be displayed.
The Backup Log File is displayed under the following names in Backup Sources.
backuplog (backup task number)_(backup starting time).txt
Example: If the date the backup is started on March 27, 2004, 19:55, "
Backup
Jobs
Setup
Click
Backup
[Create
New Job] Operation
to display Mode
this
option
in the
[Backup ]
screen.
backuplog1_200403271955.txt" is created.
Normal
(Copy all files without overwriting previously backed up data every time)
Target Folder for
Backup Sources Backup Targets / Result
ReBackup
marks
Create (Forced)
/share
/target/(Date)*1/share
/share/folder
/target/(Date)*1/folder
Overwrite Backup (Append Backup)
(Only copy and overwrite the files with changes based on the file size and time
stamp*2)
Target Folder for
Backup Sources Backup Targets / Result
ReBackup
marks
Create
/share
/target/_backups/share
/share/folder
/target/_backups/share/folder
Do not create
/share
/target
/share/folder
/target/folder
*1 The format of the folder is yyyymmddhhmm by using the backup starting
time.
For example, if the starting time is March 27, 2004, 19:55, the folder name
is displayed as “200403271955”.
*2 [Time Stamp] here is not the time information that can be verified Windows Macintosh, but the time information managed by LinkStation.
*3 If there is the difference in the shared folders that is above the backup
folder, files will not be deleted.
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Descriptions
Name
Backup
Backup Jobs
Setup
Click [Create
New Job] to
display this
option in the
[Backup ]
screen.
Backup
Options
Backup Folders
Click a task
number to
display this
option in
the [Backup]
Screen.
Backup
Folders
LinkStation User Manual
[Create Target Folder for Backup]:
The options you have selected on the Backup Operation Mode will make a big
differences on behavior. Refer to the table described in the Operation Mode.
[Create Backup Log File]:
Create the backup log file.
[Use Encrypted Transfer Method]:
Select whether having data to be transferred encrypted or not when backup
data.
* The throughput is degraded if the encryption is enabled.
* Do not select this option when the backup destination is a USB hard drive.
[Use Compressed Transfer Method]:
Select whether having data to be transferred compressed or not when
backup data.
* If running a backup job via the network, the compressed transfer may
improve the transfer speed when the network bandwidth is narrow (this
does not mean that data is archived into 1 file and backed up).
* Do not select this option when the backup destination is a USB hard drive.
[Ignore backup failure and continue backup job on schedule]:
The next backup will be performed even though the last backup is halt in
error.
[Exclude trash boxes from backup target]:
Exclude the data in the trash boxes to backup.
[Complete Backup]:
Overwrite the files which have not changed.
Select the backup source and the shared folder on the backup destination
folders, and click [Add].
You can select following folder as a shared folder on the backup destination.
• Shared folders on the Link/TeraStation displayed in [View NAS Devices]
• usbdisk1 and usbdisk2 connected to the backup source of the LinkStation
* Do not specify the backup source folder which include Japanese katakana
in the folder name. The backup job will halt if any of these characters are
included.
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Name
Descriptions
Maintenance
Notification
Email
Notification
Click [Modify
Settings]
to change
settings.
Select whether using E-mail notification feature or not. Following
message is sent by using E-mail Notification.
Note: Mail Server displays the list of [POP before SMTP] (the method to
give the permission to use SMTP server by authenticating at specified
POP server before sending e-mail). If this is set, this feature cannot be
used.
Enter [SMTP Server Address] (Mail Server Address).
SMTP Server
Address
SMTP Port No.
Enter [SMTP Port No.].
Authentication Type Select [Authentication Type] from [POP before SMTP], [LOGIN(SMTPAUTH)], and [CRAM-MD5(SMTP-AUTH/CRAM-MD5)].
POP3 Server
Address
POP3 Port No.
SSL/TLS
Click [Send
Username
Test Message]
Password
to send a test
Subject
e-mail to the
e-mail address
Recipient(s)
which has
been set.
Report
Maintenance
Restart
Restart the
LinkStation
LinkStation
Shutdown
Shutdown*
* LS-QVL
LinkStation
models only
LinkStation User Manual
Enter the [POP3 Server Address] (E-mail server address).
Enter [POP Port No.].
When [LOGIN(SMTP-AUTH)] and [CRAM-MD5(SMTP-AUTH/CRAMMD5)] are selected for [Authentication Type], specify either using [SSL]
or [TLS].
Enter a user name that will be used for authentication.
Enter the password used to access with above user name.
Specify the subject of the e-mail to be sent. Use only one-byte
characters, not two-byte characters.
Enter the e-mail address of the receiver, and click [Add]. You can
register up to 5 e-mail addresses as receivers.
Select the contents to send in the e-mail notification.
• [HDD Status Report]
Send the status other hard drive of the LinkStation on the specified
time on [HDD Status Sending Time].
• [Fan Failure]
Sent if a problem on the fan of the LinkStation.
• [Disk Error]
Sent when an error occurs on the drive.
• [Backup Complete]
When the backup job is completed
Sent if the backup of the LinkStation is completed.
Click [Restart] to reboot the LinkStation.
Click [Shutdown] to turn off the LinkStation.
• To turn the LinkStation back on, press the power button on the front
of the LinkStation.
• To prevent the corruption of data, check that there are no data
operations in progress before turning off the LinkStation.
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Name
Firmware
Installation
Descriptions
Updating Firmware Clicking [Check For Update] will check for the latest firmware version.
If the installed firmware version is not the latest, click [Install Update] to
update the firmware.
Power Management
Synchronization
with UPS
[synchronize with UPS connected to this LinkStation]:
Select to synchronize the LinkStation with a UPS that is directly
connected.
[synchronize with UPS connected to other LinkStation on the
network]:
Select to synchronize the LinkStation with a UPS that is
connected to a different LinkStation on the same network.
[do not synchronize with UPS]:
Select if synchronizing to a UPS is not desired.
synchronized
If [synchronize with UPS connected to other LinkStation on the
source
LinkStation
network] is selected, enter the IP address of the LinkStation that
UPS Settings
IP Address
is directly connected to the UPS.
UPS
Connection
Select a connection method with UPS.
Click [Modify Settings]
Type
to change settings.
Note: [USB Port (APC Style)] or [USB Port (OMRON Style)] can be
only set when UPS manufactured by APC for USB connection is
connected.
LinkStation
Allows you to set the time until shutdown when the power
behavior When
failure continues. Or, it can shut down when it detects "Battery
Power failure
Low" from UPS.
Note: “Low Battery” shutdown is only supported with UPSs that
are connected to the LinkStation via USB.
UPS Behavior After Specify whether or not to shut down the UPS after shutting
LinkStation has shut down the LinkStation.
down
Timer Interval
Select Sleep Timer interval from [Disable], [Everyday], or [Specific
day of the week]. If selecting [Specific day of the week], specify
the day by clicking the check box of the day. Timer can be set
from 1 - 3.
SleepTimer
Wake up at
Specify a wake-up time for the LinkStation to recover from sleep
mode and resume its normal state. Times from 0:00 to 23:45 are
Click [Modify Settings]
allowed.
to change settings.
Begin Sleep at
Specify a time for the LinkStation to move from its normal
functionality to a standby state (“sleep mode”). Times from 0:00
to 27:45 are allowed.
Note: The wake-up time must be later than the beginning time.
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Name
Descriptions
Restore/Erase
Upon restore Click [Modify Settings] and select whether or not Initialization will reset the
admin password.
Note: If [Keep current admin password] has been selected, you cannot
reconfigure the LinkStation without the password. Please write down the
password and keep it in a safe place!.
Restore
LinkStation
Restore
Factory
Defaults
Erase
Erase
LinkStation User Manual
The following settings are initialized by [Restore LinkStation].
LinkStation Name, Description, NTP Settings, Workgroup Settings, Shared
Service Settings, Access Restrictions for Shared Folders, User Settings, User
Group Settings, E-mail Notification, UPS Settings, Backup Jobs Setup, Admin
username and password, Print server settings, WebAccess, Language settings,
SleepTimer, HDD Spindown, Media server settings, BitTorrent settings, Time
Machine configuration, Web Server, and MySQL Server.
Note: The following tasks require a [Confirm Operation] screen.
• Delete Folder
• Restore LinkStation
• Format LinkStation
• Erase Disk
Enter the number shown in the [Confirmation Number] field within 60 seconds,
and click [Apply].
Clicking [Erase] will erase data completely on the hard drive of the LinkStation.
Note: • All data will be erased. There is no “undo” for this!
• While erasing, the settings for the LinkStation cannot be changed.
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Extensions
The following options can be set from the [Extensions] tab.
Name
WebAccess
WebAccess
WebAccess Service
Click [Easy WebAccess
Settings] to change
settings.
LinkStation User Manual
Descriptions
WebAccess Enable the WebAccess service first, then click a shared folder name to
Settings
display the [Edit] screen.
Folder information of the LinkStation to be published by WebAccess
Settings will be displayed on [Name] and [Description]
In [WebAccess Settings], the following Access Restrictions can be
selected.
[Disable]:
Does not publish shared folders.
[Allow Anonymous]:
Anyone can access (view) shared folders.
[Allow All Groups / Users]:
Allow to access (or view) only groups or uses registered to the LinkStation.
[Use Inherited Folder Permissions]:
Use same permissions as set on the Shared Folder Screen. If
access restrictions are not set in the Shared Folder Screen, this
option is not displayed.
WebAccess [WebAccess Service]:
Service
Configure if using WebAccess or not.
[BuffaloNAS.com Name]:
Enter a name for your account with WebAccess.
• Write this name down in a safe place. You will need it to use
WebAccess.
• If your LinkStation is left disconnected from the Internet for 60 days
or more, your BuffaloNAS name and account may be deleted from the
BuffaloNAS.com server.
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Name
WebAccess
Descriptions
WebAccess [WebAccess Service]:
Service
Configure if using WebAccess or not.
[HTTPS/SSL Encryption]:
Configure if encrypting your data transfers with SSL.
[Use BuffaloNAS.com]:
Configure if using “BuffaloNAS.com” server.
[BuffaloNAS.com Name]:
Enter a name for your account with WebAccess.
• Write this name down in a safe place. You will need it to use
WebAccess.
• If your LinkStation is left disconnected from the Internet for 60 days
or more, your BuffaloNAS name and account may be deleted from the
BuffaloNAS.com server.
[BuffaloNAS.com Key]:
Choose a password (optional) to enter a name for your account with
WebAccess.
WebAccess Service
Click [Advanced
WebAccess Settings]
to change settings.
[DNS Hostname]:
Use of BuffaloNAS.com is recommended for most users, but you may
specify a different DNS service by entering its hostname.
[Auto-Configure Firewall (UPnP)]:
If your router supports UPnP, selecting [Enable] for [Auto-Configure
Firewall (UPnP)] is recommended. UPnP must be enabled in the router
for this to work.
[External Port]:
To configure the firewall manually without using UPnP, enter a port
number.
In the router’s settings, forward this external port number to an
internal port on your LinkStation on your local network.
[NAS Internal Port]:
Enter internal port number for your LinkStation on your network.
[Exclusive session]:
If [Exclusive session] is enabled, a user account cannot be used to log
multiple computers in to WebAccess simultaneously. Only the last
login will be active.
[Session expiration time (minute)]:
Enter a time in minutes (1 - 120) before inactive users are logged out of
WebAccess, or select [Unlimited].
• If [Exclusive session] is enabled, [Unlimited] may not be selected.
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Name
Descriptions
MediaServer
Media Server [Restart Media Server]:
Settings
Click to restart the media server.
[Authorized DLNA Media Clients]:
This displays the MAC Address, IP Address, and Device Name of connected
DLNA clients. Click [Allow] to let a selected client to access DLNA media,
then click [Apply]. Click [Refresh client list] refresh the list of available clients
connected to the network.
Media Server
Settings
Click [Modify
Settings]
to change
settings.
[Media Server]:
To turn on the media server, click [Modify Settings] and select [Enable].
[Media Server Folder]:
Click [Modify Settings] and select a media server folder. If [Show folders on
USB drives] is enabled, media on connected USB drives will also be available
to DLNA clients.
[Automatic Update]:
If [Automatic Update] is enabled, the DLNA database is automatically
refreshed. To immediately refresh the database, select [Refresh now] and
then click [Save]. To both initialize and refresh the database, select [Initialize
database before refresh] and then click [Save].
Note: The [Initialize database before refresh] option is not available for LSXHL LinkStations with firmware version 1.20 or later.
[Refresh interval (Minute)]:
After clicking [Modify Settings], the automatic refresh interval can be
specified in minutes here.
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Chapter 4 Web Admin interface
The LS-WXL LinkStation supports DTCP-IP.
Copyright-protected content can be used in players that support DTCP-IP.
Incompatible players don’t display any DTCP-IP-related media.
[Update DTCP-IP]:
This downloads the latest version of the DTCP-IP encryption key. When the
download is complete, the media server will restart automatically.
[DTCP-IP]:
This displays whether DTCP-IP is enabled or disabled as well as the current
DTCP-IP version number. DTCP-IP is enabled by default for LinkStation
firmware 1.20 and later.
[Disk space for DTCP-IP contents.]:
For LinkStation with multiple hard drives, you may choose which disk or
array is used to store DTCP-IP media files.
[How to enable DTCP-IP.]:
When DTCP-IP is disabled, click [How to enable DTCP-IP function] and follow
the directions.
Name
PrintServer
PrintServer
Descriptions
PrintServer Select whether or not to use the PrintServer (Windows only).
Click [Delete Print Queue] to delete printer jobs.
Click [Modify Settings]
to change settings.
Note: Some printers may not work with the PrintServer.
Name
Descriptions
BitTorrent
BitTorrent
Click [Modify Settings]
to change settings.
LinkStation User Manual
BitTorrent [Enable] or [Disable]: Select [Enable] to use Bit Torrent.
[Download Folder]: If using BitTorrent, select a download destination
folder and click [Save]. To display the download screen, click [Open
Download Manager].
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Chapter 4 Web Admin interface
Name
Time Machine
Time
Machine
Descriptions
Time Machine Select [Enable] when using to specify the LinkStation as a backup
destination for Time Machine on Mac OS X 10.5 or later. Select a
shared folder as a backup destination in [Target Folder].
Click [Modify Settings]
to change settings.
Mac Information
LinkStation User Manual
Mac
Information
Enter [Target host name] and [Target MAC address] of the
Macintosh that will be using Time Machine with the LinkStation.
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Appendix
Appendix
Specifications
Check Buffalo's catalogs or web site (www.buffalotech.com) for information about the latest
products or compatible models.
Interface
(LAN port)
Interface: Complied with IEEE802.3ab (1000BASE-T)
Complied with IEEE802.3u (100BASE-TX)
Complied with IEEE802.3 (10BASE-T)
Transfer Speed:1000Mbps Full duplex (AutoNegotiation)
100Mbps Full duplex/Half duplex (auto-negotiation),
10Mbps Full duplex/Half duplex (auto-negotiation),
Number of ports:1 port (support AUTO-MDIX)
Connector type: RJ-45 8-pin
Access method: CSMA/CD
Protocol: TCP/IP
Network File Systems: SMB/CIFS, AFP, FTP, HTTP/HTTPS
Jumbo Frame: 1,518/4,102/7,422/9,694 Bytes (Including 14 bytes of the
header and 4 bytes of FCS)
Interface
(USB Connector)
Interface: USB Standard Revision 2.0
Data transfer speed: Maximum 480 Mbps (Theoretical value)
Connector: USB connector (Series A) X 1*
Supporting USB devices: USB hard disk manufactured by Buffalo, USB UPS,
USB printer and etc. Please ensure the supported USB UPS on Buffalo's
website (www.buffalotech.com).
*LS-QVL : USB connector (Series A) X 2
Power/ Consumption
power
AC100V 50/60Hz /
LS-VL, XHL, CHL: Approximately 24 W (Maximum) Approximately 17 W (Average)
LS-WVL, WXL: Approximately 48 W (Maximum) Approximately 26 W (Average)
LS-WSXL: Approximately 15 W (Maximum) Approximately 9 W (Average)
LS-QVL: Approximately 80 W (Maximum) Approximately 45 W (Average)
External size / Weight
LS-VL, XHL, CHL: W45 X H175 X D156 mm (excluding protruding parts) / about 1.1 kg
LS-WVL, WXL: W86 X H127 X D204 mm (excluding protruding parts) / about 2.3 kg
LS-WSXL: W40 X H82 X D135 mm (excluding protruding parts) / about 0.5 kg
LS-QVL: W150 X H150 X D230 mm (excluding protruding parts) / about 5.5 kg
Operating Environment
Temperature 5 - 35 °C / Humidity 20 - 80 % (no condensation)
Compatible Compatible IBM/PC Compatible (OADG spec), Apple Mac Series
Models
computer NOTE: Equipped with LAN interface.
• The LinkStation cannot be connected with computers via USB; It is only
connected via LAN.
Compatible Windows 7/Vista/XP/2000, Windows Server2003/Server2008,
Mac OS X 10.7, 10.6, 10.5, 10.4, 10.3.9
OS
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Appendix
Default Settings
The following settings are factory defaults for the LinkStation.
Administrator's Name
admin
Password
password
Shared folders
By default, the folder “share” may be accessed from both Windows and
Macintosh computers. The recycle bin is [Enabled] on ‘share’ by default.
DHCP Client
Normally, the LinkStation will get its IP address automatically from a
DHCP server on the network. If no DHCP server is available, then an IP
address will be assigned as follows:
IP Address: 169.254.xxx.xxx where xxx are random numbers between 1
and 254.
Subnet Mask: 255.255.0.0
Registered Group
The LinkStation has 3 default groups: hdusers, admin and guest. You
cannot edit or delete these groups.
Microsoft Network
Group Setting
WORKGROUP
Note: If you installed the LinkStation from the LinkNavigator installation
CD, then the LinkStation's workgroup is set to the same workgroup as the
computer you used for setup.
Ethernet
1518 bytes
Frame Size
AFP
Disabled
FTP
Disabled
NTP
Automatic
PrintServer
Enabled
WebAccess
Disabled
Media Server
Enabled
(DLNA/iTunes)
BitTorrent *1
Disabled
Network-USB Server *2 Disabled
Flickr Support *3
Disabled
Eye-Fi connected *4
Disabled
*1 LS-AVL LinkStations do not support BitTorrent.
*2 LS-QVL, LS-WVL and LS-VL LinkStations support Network-USB server.
*3 LS-AVL LinkStations do not support Flickr.
*4 LS-AVL LinkStations do not support Eye-Fi connected.
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Appendix
Mapping Additional Shares
When you installed the LinkStation, a share was mapped as a network drive on the computer that
was used for installation. You can map additional shares, or map shares to different computers.
Windows
With Windows 7/Vista/XP/2000 or Windows Server2003/Server2008, use NAS Navigator2 to map a
driveletter to a shared folder on the LinkStation.
1
Click on the [Buffalo NAS Navigator2] icon on your Desktop. NAS Navigator2 will launch.
2
3
Right click on the LinkStation's icon and choose
[Map remote default share to drive letter].
An icon for the mapped share will appear in [Computer] or [My
Computer] . You can use this network drive just like other hard drives.
You’ve now mapped a driveletter to the network share. If the LinkStation is disconnected or off
when your computer is booted, the message "The network path could not be found. The connection
was not established" will be displayed.
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Appendix
Mac OS X
With Mac OS X 10.3 or later, use NAS Navigator2 to mount a share from the LinkStation as a drive on
the Mac.
1
Click on the [NAS Navigator2] icon in the Dock.
NAS Navigator2 will launch.
2
Hold the control key, click on your LinkStation’s
icon, then choose [Open Folder].
3
Select the folder that you want to mount and
click [OK].
4
A drive icon will appear on the desktop. The shared folder is now mounted as
a network drive. To dismount the share, drag and drop the share icon to the
Trash.
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Appendix
Software
You can install following software applications and the manual by using utilities CD which comes
with the LinkStation.
Select and install software from the selection screen which is displayed during Setup (Or click [Option] and follow the instruction on the screen to install software).
NAS Navigator2
You need NAS Navigator2 in order to display the
Web Admin interface of the LinkStation or search for
the LinkStation from the network.
It is always installed when you setup by clicking [Begin Installation] on LinkNavigator.
Note: – When using Power Management with PC
feature, you need to install NAS Navigator2 on all computers connected within the
same network as LinkStation.
File Sharing Security Level Change Tool
To use the LinkStation with Windows Vista, Windows Server2003, Windows Server2008, or Windows
7, you must change some security settings in Windows. The File Security Tool will make these
changes for you automatically.
During initial setup, the message "Change security level. Will you continue?" will be displayed. Click
[Yes], follow the instructions on the screen, and restart your PC.
You can download the File Sharing Security Level Change Tool from www.buffalotech.com.
1
Click [Start] - [BUFFALO] - [File Security Tool] - [File Security Tool].
The File Security Tool will launch. If "A program needs your permission to continue" is
displayed, click [Continue].
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Appendix
2
1 When the [Change File Sharing Security
Level] window opens, select [Change
security level].
2 Click [Change].
3
The message, "Change security level. Will you continue?” is displayed. Click [Yes].
4
The message, "Will you restart your computer?" is displayed. Click [Yes].
Your PC should reboot.
You have changed the security level.
You can reset the security settings to their Windows defaults with the following procedure.
1 Click [Start] - [BUFFALO] - [File Security Tool] - [File Security Tool]. If "A program needs
your permission to continue" is displayed, click [Continue].
2 When the [Change File Sharing Security Level] window opens, select [Recover default
security level].
3 Click [Change].
The setting is now changed back.
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Appendix
TurboCopy
TurboCopy speeds up file copy operations in Windows.
TurboPC
TurboPC optimizes transfer speeds for hard drives by caching data in your computer’s RAM. It works
best when TurboCopy is also installed.
Note: Your LinkStation does not benefit from TurboPC.
Note:
TurboCopy and TurboPC work with Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP. Other operating
systems are not supported.
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Appendix
Info folder
In the folder called "info" on the internal hard disk of the LinkStation, Install programs such as the
NAS Navigator2 is included.
[info]-[English] Folder
- [NASNavi2] Folder. . . Installs NAS Navigator2 by double-clicking Inst.exe.
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Appendix
Status LED (LS-VL, LS-XHL, LS-CHL)
During normal operation, the power LED will glow blue.
Power LED
Flashing Red
The Power LED flashes red if the LinkStation experiences an error. The way it flashes indicates the
type of error.
Note: If there is an error, open NAS Navigator2. It may have an error message displayed.
Place of error code
Status
10s place of error code
The LED illuminates for 1.0 second every 0.3 seconds.
The number of flashes is the tens place of the error code.
1s place of error code
The LED illuminates for 0.5 seconds every 0.3 seconds.
The number of flashes is the ones place of the error code.
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Appendix
Error code
Descriptions
E04
The firmware is corrupted. Contact Buffalo technical support for assistance.
E10
The LinkStation is running on the UPS battery due to a power outage. The system will
now be shut down safely. Check that power is being supplied to the UPS, and if there
are no problems, turn on the LinkStation.
E11
An error occurred in the fan speed. Check that no foreign objects or dust are clogging
the fan. If any foreign objects or dust are found, use a pair of tweezers, air duster, or
other tool to remove them.
If the error is displayed again, contact Buffalo technical support for assistance.
E12
System temperature has exceeded the maximum safe value. Do not place objects in
the area around the LinkStation. Also, move the LinkStation to a cooler location.
E15
The bad sectors in the hard drive have reached a dangerous level. Contact Buffalo
technical support for assistance.
E16
Unable to find the hard drive. The drive may be disconnected or may have failed.
Contact Buffalo technical support for assistance.
E22
Mounting of hard drive failed. Format the hard drive. After formatting and rebooting,
if the error still appears, contact Buffalo technical support for assistance.
E30
The hard drive may be damaged. Contact Buffalo technical support for assistance.
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Power LED flashing amber
The Power LED flashes amber with information codes. The way it flashes indicates the message.
Note: If the Power LED is flashing amber, you can open NAS Navigator2. It will tell you the status of
the LinkStation.
Place
Status
10s place
The LED illuminates for 1.0 second every 0.3 seconds.
The number of flashes is the tens place of the information code.
1s place
The LED illuminates for 0.5 seconds every 0.3 seconds.
The number of flashes is the ones place of the information code.
Information codes
Descriptions
I10
System temperature may have exceeded the maximum safe value. Move the
LinkStation to a cooler location. Do not place objects in the area around the
LinkStation.
I11
The bad sectors in the hard drive may have reached a dangerous level.
I20
Checking the hard drive.
I21
Checking the hard drive.
I22
Erasing hard drive data.
I25
Updating the LinkStation firmware.
Do not turn off the power during the updating process.
I26
Initializing all settings in the Web Admin interface.
I27
Checking a USB hard drive.
I28
Formatting a USB hard drive.
I52
A new firmware version has been released. Update the firmware.
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Appendix
Status LED (LS-WVL, LS-WXL)
There are 5 LEDs on the LinkStation: “Power”, “Function”, “Info/Error”, “Link/Act”, and “AC adaptor”.
Power LED
Function LED
Info/Error LED
Link/Act LED
AC adaptor LED
Power LED
Status
Descriptions
Glowing Blue
The LinkStation is powered on.
Blinking Blue
The LinkStation is starting up or shutting down.
LED is off
The LinkStation is off.
Function LED
Status
Descriptions
Glowing Blue
DirectCopy is ready (lights for 1 minute).
USB device is dismounted (lights for 5 seconds).
Initialization is in progress.
Blinking Blue
DirectCopy is in use.
Note:
The function LED (blue) and the info/error LED (orange) blink together if an error
occurs during DirectCopy. Please do the following if this happens:.
1. Shut down the LinkStation .
2. Detach the USB device from the LinkStation.
3. Reattach the USB device to the LinkStation.
4. Power on the LinkStation.
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Appendix
Info/Error LED
The Info/Error LED blinks orange when it has a message. The message is coded by the pattern of
blinking.
Note: The messages are also available (uncoded) in NAS Navigator2.
Place
Status
10s place
The LED illuminates for 1 second every 0.3 seconds.
The number of flashes is the tens place of the information code.
1s place
The LED illuminates for 0.5 seconds every 0.3 seconds.
The number of flashes is the ones place of the information code.
Information code Descriptions
I10
System temperature may have exceeded the maximum safe value. Move the LinkStation to a
cooler location. Do not place objects in the area around the LinkStation.
I11
The bad sectors in the hard drive may have reached a dangerous level. Replace the hard drive.
I12
Operating in degraded mode.
I13
Formatting the RAID array.
I14
Checking the RAID array.
I15
Examining the error status of the RAID array. Transfer speeds are slower during the examination
process.
I16
Creating the RAID array.
I17
Resyncing the RAID array. Transfer speeds are slower during the resyncing process.
I18
Rebuilding the RAID array. Transfer speeds are slower during the rebuilding process.
I19
Writing 0s to the RAID array, erasing all data.
I20
Checking the hard drive.
I21
Checking the hard drive.
I22
Erasing the data for the hard drive.
I25
Updating the LinkStation firmware. Do not turn off the power during the updating process.
I26
Initializing all settings in the Web Admin interface.
I27
Checking a USB hard drive.
I28
Formatting a USB hard drive.
I32
The RAID should be rebuilt or a drive should be formatted. Normally this is displayed after a
hard drive has been replaced. Rebuild the RAID array or format the hard drive in the Web Admin
interface.
I46
Data migration or conversion (RAID migration) is in progress. Do not turn off the LinkStation
power.
I47
Data migration or conversion (RAID migration) is in progress. Do not turn off the LinkStation
power.
I52
A new firmware version has been released. Update the firmware.
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Appendix
The Info/Error LED blinks red to indicate an error.
The error may be identified by the pattern of blinking.
Note: The error may also be viewed from NAS Navigator2.
Place
Status
10s place
The LED illuminates for 1 second every 0.3 seconds.
The number of flashes is the tens place of the error code.
1s place
The LED illuminates for 0.5 seconds every 0.3 seconds.
The number of flashes is the ones place of the error code.
Error code
Descriptions
E04
The firmware is corrupted. Contact Buffalo technical support for assistance.
E10
The LinkStation is running on the UPS battery due to a power outage. The system will now be shut
down safely. Check that power is being supplied to the UPS, and if there are no problems, turn on the
LinkStation.
E11
An error occurred in the fan speed. Check that no foreign objects or dust are clogging the fan. If any
foreign objects or dust are found, use a pair of tweezers, air duster, or other tool to remove them.
If the error is displayed again, contact Buffalo technical support for assistance.
E12
System temperature has exceeded the maximum safe value. Do not place objects in the area around
the LinkStation.
Also, move the LinkStation to a cooler location.
E13
An error occurred in the RAID array. It will run in degraded mode until the error is corrected. Replace
the failed drive indicated by the red LED as soon as possible. After replacement, rebuild the RAID
array after starting the LinkStation.
E14
The RAID array cannot be mounted. Run the RAID array disk check in the LinkStation's Web Admin
interface.
E15
The bad sectors in the hard drive have reached a dangerous level. Replace the hard drive indicated by
the red LED.
E16
Unable to find the hard drive. The drive may be disconnected or may have failed. After shutting
down, reinstall the hard drive.
E22
Mounting of hard drive failed. Format the hard drive. After formatting and rebooting, if the error still
appears, replace the drive.
If this error is displayed again, contact Buffalo technical support for assistance.
E23
An error occurred, so the hard drive was removed from the RAID array. Replace the hard drive
indicated by the red LED.
E30
The hard drive may be damaged. Replace the hard drive indicated by the red LED.
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Appendix
Link/Act LED
Status
Descriptions
Glowing green
Linking.
Blinking green
Accessing.
AC adaptor LED
Status
Descriptions
Green
Power is connected.
Off
Power is not connected.
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Appendix
Status LED (LS-WSXL)
There are 4 LEDs on the LinkStation: “Function”, “Info/Error”, “Link/Act”, and “Power”.
Function LED
Link/Act LED
Info/Error LED
Power LED
Function LED
Status
Descriptions
Glowing Blue
DirectCopy is ready (lights for 1 minute).
USB device is dismounted (lights for 5 seconds).
Lights during initialization.
Blinking Blue
DirectCopy is in use.
Note:
The function LED (blue) and the info/error LED (orange) blink together if an error
occurs during DirectCopy. Please do the following if this happens:.
1. Shut down the LinkStation .
2. Detach the USB device from the LinkStation.
3. Reattach the USB device to the LinkStation.
4. Power on the LinkStation.
Link/Act LED
Status
Descriptions
Glowing green
Linking.
Blinking green
Accessing.
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Appendix
Info/Error LED
The Info/Error LED blinks orange when it has a message.
The message is coded by the pattern of blinking.
Note: The messages are also available (uncoded) in NAS Navigator2.
Place
Status
10s place
The LED illuminates for 1 second every 0.3 seconds.
The number of flashes is the tens place of the information code.
1s place
The LED illuminates for 0.5 seconds every 0.3 seconds.
The number of flashes is the ones place of the information code.
Information code
Descriptions
I10
System temperature has exceeded the maximum safe value. Move the LinkStation to a cooler
location. Do not place objects in the area around the LinkStation.
I11
The bad sectors in the hard drive may have reached a dangerous level.
I12
Operating in degraded mode.
I13
Formatting the RAID array.
I14
Checking the RAID array.
I15
Examining the error status of the RAID array. Transfer speeds are slower during the examination
process.
I16
Creating the RAID array.
I17
Resyncing the RAID array. Transfer speeds are slower during the resyncing process.
I18
Rebuilding the RAID array. Transfer speeds are slower during the rebuilding process.
I19
Writing 0s to the RAID array, erasing all data.
I20
Checking the hard drive.
I21
Checking the hard drive.
I22
Erasing the data for the hard drive.
I25
Updating the LinkStation firmware. Do not turn off the power during the updating process.
I26
Initializing all settings in the Web Admin interface.
I27
Checking a USB hard drive.
I28
Formatting a USB hard drive.
I46
Data migration or conversion (RAID migration) is in progress. Do not turn off the LinkStation
power.
I47
Data migration or conversion (RAID migration) is in progress. Do not turn off the LinkStation
power.
I52
A new firmware version has been released. Update the firmware.
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Appendix
The Info/Error LED blinks red to indicate an error.
The error may be identified by the pattern of blinking.
Note: The error may also be viewed from NAS Navigator2.
Place
Status
10s place
The LED illuminates for 1 second every 0.3 seconds.
The number of flashes is the tens place of the error code.
1s place
The LED illuminates for 0.5 seconds every 0.3 seconds.
The number of flashes is the ones place of the error code.
Error code
Descriptions
E04
The firmware is corrupted. Contact Buffalo technical support for assistance.
E10
The LinkStation is running on the UPS battery due to a power outage. The system will now be shut
down safely. Check that power is being supplied to the UPS, and if there are no problems, turn on the
LinkStation.
E11
An error occurred in the fan speed. Check that no foreign objects or dust are clogging the fan. If any
foreign objects or dust are found, use a pair of tweezers, air duster, or other tool to remove them. If the
error is displayed again, contact Buffalo technical support for assistance.
E12
System temperature has exceeded the maximum safe value. Do not place objects in the area around the
LinkStation. Also, move the LinkStation to a cooler location.
E13
An error occurred in the RAID array. It will run in degraded mode until the error is corrected. Contact
Buffalo technical support for assistance
E14
The RAID array cannot be mounted. Run the RAID array disk check in the LinkStation's Web Admin
interface.
E15
The bad sectors in the hard drive have reached a dangerous level. Contact Buffalo technical support for
assistance.
E16
Unable to find the hard drive. Hard drive may be disconnected or may have failed. Contact Buffalo
technical support for assistance.
E22
Mounting of hard drive failed. Format the hard drive. After formatting, if the error still appears after
rebooting, contact Buffalo technical support for assistance.
E23
An error occurred, so the hard drive was removed from the RAID array. Contact Buffalo technical support
for assistance.
E30
The hard drive may be damaged. Contact Buffalo technical support for assistance.
Power LED
Status
Descriptions
Glowing Blue
The LinkStation is powered on.
Blinking blue
The LinkStation is starting up or shutting down.
Off
The LinkStation is off.
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Appendix
Status LED (LS-QVL)
During normal operation, the power LED will glow blue.
Power LED
Flashing Red
The Power LED flashes red if the LinkStation experiences an error. The way it flashes indicates the
type of error.
Note: If there is an error, open NAS Navigator2. It may have an error message displayed.
Place of error code
Status
10s place of error code
The LED illuminates for 1.0 second every 0.3 seconds.
The number of flashes is the tens place of the error code.
1s place of error code
The LED illuminates for 0.5 seconds every 0.3 seconds.
The number of flashes is the ones place of the error code.
Error code
Descriptions
E04
The firmware is corrupted. Contact Buffalo technical support for assistance.
E10
The LinkStation is running on the UPS battery due to a power outage. The system will now be shut
down safely. Check that power is being supplied to the UPS, and if there are no problems, turn on the
LinkStation.
E11
An error occurred in the fan speed. Check that no foreign objects or dust are clogging the fan. If any
foreign objects or dust are found, use a pair of tweezers, air duster, or other tool to remove them. If
the error is displayed again, contact Buffalo technical support for assistance.
E12
System temperature has exceeded the maximum safe value. Do not place objects in the area around
the LinkStation. Also, move the LinkStation to a cooler location.
E13
An error occurred in the RAID array. Operation will continue, but in degraded mode for RAID 1, 5
or 10. Replace the failed drive as soon as possible. After replacement, rebuild the RAID array after
starting the LinkStation.
E14
The RAID array cannot be mounted. Run the RAID array disk check in the LinkStation's Web Admin
interface.
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E15
The bad sectors in the hard drive have reached a dangerous level. Replace the hard drive indicated
by the red Status LED.
E16
Unable to find the hard drive. Hard drive may be disconnected or may have failed. After shutting
down, reinstall the hard drive.
E22
Mounting of the hard drive failed. Format the hard drive. After formatting, if the error still appears
after rebooting, replace the hard drive. If the error is displayed again, contact Buffalo technical
support for assistance.
E23
An error occurred, so the hard drive was removed from the RAID array. Replace the hard drive
indicated by the red Status LED.
E30
The hard drive may be damaged. Replace the hard drive indicated by the red Status LED.
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Power LED flashing amber
The Power LED flashes amber with information codes. The way it flashes indicates the message.
Note: If the Power LED is flashing amber, you can open NAS Navigator2. It will tell you the status of
the LinkStation.
Power LED
Place
Status
10s place
The LED illuminates for 1.0 second every 0.3 seconds.
The number of flashes is the tens place of the information code.
1s place
The LED illuminates for 0.5 seconds every 0.3 seconds.
The number of flashes is the ones place of the information code.
Information code Descriptions
I10
System temperature has exceeded the maximum safe value. Move the LinkStation to a cooler
location. Do not place objects in the area around the LinkStation.
I11
The bad sectors in the hard drive may have reached a dangerous level. Replace the hard drive.
I12
Operating in degraded mode.
I13
Formatting the RAID array.
I14
Checking the RAID array.
I15
Examining the error status of the RAID array. Transfer speeds are slower during the examination
process.
I16
Creating the RAID array.
I17
Resyncing the RAID array. Transfer speeds are slower during the resyncing process.
I18
Rebuilding the RAID array. Transfer speeds are slower during the rebuilding process.
I19
Writing 0s to the RAID array, erasing all data.
I20
Checking the hard drive.
I21
Checking the hard drive.
I22
Erasing the data for the hard drive.
I25
Updating the LinkStation firmware. Do not turn off the power during the updating process.
I26
Initializing all settings in the Web Admin interface.
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I27
Checking a USB hard drive.
I28
Formatting a USB hard drive.
I32
The RAID should be rebuilt or a drive should be formatted. Normally this is displayed after a
hard drive has been replaced. Rebuild the RAID array or format the hard drive in the Web Admin
interface.
I46
Data migration or conversion (RAID migration) is in progress. Do not turn off the LinkStation
power.
I47
Data migration or conversion (RAID migration) is in progress. Do not turn off the LinkStation
power.
I52
A new firmware version has been released. Update the firmware.
Status LED 1~4
Status LED 1
Status LED 2
Status LED 4
Status LED 3
Status
Descriptions
Glowing green
Normal state. This flashes during access.
Glowing red
An error occurred in the hard drive. Replace the hard drive indicated by the
drive number that is lit red.
Link/Act LED
Link/Act LED
Status
Descriptions
Glowing green
Linking.
Blinking green
Accessing.
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Appendix
Function LED
Function LED
Status
Descriptions
Glowing Blue
When installing a USB device
When the USB device is recognized, the Function LED is lit blue (for about 60 seconds).
After the Function LED is lit blue, the USB device can be accessed.
When removing a USB device
To remove a USB device connected to the LinkStation, hold down the Function button for at least
three seconds. The Function LED will turn blue, then turn off. Once it has turned off, it is safe to
unplug the USB device.
When starting DirectCopy
After the USB device is connected, pressing the LinkStation Function button while the Function
LED is glowing blue (about 60 seconds) copies the data from the USB device to the DirectCopy
folder.
Blinking Blue
During execution of DirectCopy
The LED flashes blue during the DirectCopy operation. Pressing the Function button again during
the DirectCopy operation cancels it.
Initialization of Settings
To return the LinkStation’s settings to their factory defaults, hold down the function button and
press the power button, then release both. The function LED will blink blue for one minute. Press
the function button again while the LED is blinking to initialize all settings.
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Appendix
Compliance Information
FCC Information
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates,
uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with
the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is
no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does
cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning
the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or
more of the following measures:
-- Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
-- Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
-- Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
-- Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
CE Mark Warning
This is a Class B product. In a domestic environment, this product may cause radio interference,
in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
Environmental Information
• The equipment that you have purchased required the extraction and use of natural resources
for its production.
• The equipment may contain hazardous substances that could impact health and the
environment.
• In order to avoid the dissemination of those substances in our environment and to diminish
the load on natural resources, we encourage you to use the appropriate take-back systems.
• The take-back systems will reuse or recycle most of the materials of your end of life equipment
appropriately.
• The crossed-out wheeled bin symbol invites you to use those systems.
• If you need more information on the collection, reuse and recycling
systems, please contact your local or regional waste administration.
기종별
B 급 기기
( 가정용 정보통신기기 )
LinkStation User Manual
사용자안내문
이 기기는 가정용 (B 급 ) 전자파적합기기로서 주
로 가정에서 사용하는 것을 목적으로 하며 , 모든
지역에서 사용할 수 있습니다 .
196
Appendix
Troubleshooting
Cannot Setup
The following section lists typical occurrences and causes when you cannot setup the LinkStation
by using LinkNavigator or cannot use LinkStation even after finishing setup,
Occurrence: The message "Cannot find LinkStation", "No available LinkStation was found", or
"Setup cannot be completed" is displayed.
Cause 1. An Ethernet cable is not connected.
Reconnect the AC Adapter and the Ethernet cable, and turn on the LinkStation again.
Cause 2. The firewall is enabled, or software running in the background is installed.
Disable the firewall or uninstall software which enables the firewall, and try to search for the
LinkStation again.
Cause 3. Both wireless and Ethernet Adapter are enabled.
Disable any adapters other than the Ethernet Adapter to connect to the LinkStation.
Cause 4. The defective Ethernet cable or the connection is not stable.
Change a port on the hub to connect or replace the Ethernet cable.
Cause 5. Your Ethernet Board, card, or adapter is malfunctioning.
Replace a Ethernet Board, card, or adapter.
Cause 6. The Ethernet Board you are using or the transfer mode of the hub is not set.
Change the Ethernet Board, or change the transfer mode to [10M half-duplex] or [100M
half-duplex].
Some Ethernet Boards and hubs may not be connected to the network properly if the
transfer mode is set to [Auto Negotiation].
Cause 7. There is a network bridge.
If any network bridge which is not used, delete them.
Cause 8. You are searching from a different network.
You cannot search for the LinkStation over network segments. Connect the LinkStation to
the same segment as the computer you use for search.
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Cause 9. TCP/IP does not work properly.
Install the LAN adapter's driver again.
Cause 10. You are running Setup second time or more (it has been already run before).
After initializing the LinkStation, follow steps described in "LinkNavigator Setup" on page 5 
to run Setup.
Note: – When using Power Management with PC feature, you need to install NAS Navigator2 on
all computers connected within the same network as the LinkStation.
If a shared folder does not open on NAS Navigator2
The LinkStation may not be physically connected or may not be recognized properly. Reconnect the
Ethernet cable and restart your computer and the LinkStation.
A shared folder does not open suddenly
If you use a shared folder on the LinkStation as a network drive, you may not be able to access to the
LinkStation when the IP address or the workgroup has changed.
In such a case, follow the instructions in "Opening the Shared Folder" on page 22 and open the
shared folder on the LinkStation by using NAS Navigator2.
Note: – On Mac OS, LinkStation is mounted as a drive icon on the desktop, or displayed in the
sidebar on Finder.
– If the problem still persists after you tried the procedures described above on Mac OS,
select [System]-[Storage]-[Disks]-[Check Disk]-[Delete any hidden, non-essential MacOS
dedicated files] on the Web Admin interface, and run Disk Check.
If a shared folder does not open even though NAS Navigator 2 recognizes the LinkStation
If power outage occurred or the AC adapter is unplugged while the LinkStation is ON, the
LinkStation's firmware may be corrupted and shared folders may not open (You can search for
folders on NAS Navigator2 but they do not open).
Note: – In such a case, the LinkStation name displayed on NAS Navigator2 or the Web Admin
interface on the LinkStation is displayed as LS-XHL-EM abc(abc stands for last 3 digits
of the MAC address of the LinkStation) or LS-CHL-EM abc, LS-WXL-EM abc, LS-WSXL-EM
abc,. In such a case, download the latest firmware from BUFFALO's website (www.buffalotech.com) and update it.
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Appendix
Data Backup
While using the LinkStation, you may lose your important data due to sudden accidents, hard disk failure, or accidental
misoperation. It is important to back up your data to recover data or minimize losses in such a case.
Use Mass Storage class hard disk manufactured by BUFFALO (such as TeraStation/LinkStation and a USB external hard
disk) as Backup Targets.
GPL Information
The source code for Buffalo products that use GPL code is available at http://opensource.buffalo.jp/ .
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